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Artists in Britain Since 1945 David Buckman

1786 pages in 2 volumes 14,500 artist biographies available to buy from Goldmark Gallery 01572 821424 rrp ÂŁ165 our special price ÂŁ85 including p&p

Keith LABAN 1949– Watercolourist, born in London,

1970s with his wife Jill Bruce he began performing a series of rituals at various outdoor locations in homage to mysterious and elemental forces. In 1977 he was elected a member of the British Astronomical Association. His work was included in The 1960’s at England & Co, 1993. Lived in Silfield, Norfolk, for some years.

who studied at Reigate College of Art, gaining the Sir Alec Issigonis Prize for Art, 1969, and his diploma in 1970. He took part in group shows in London, the provinces and in the Netherlands. He lived in Merstham, Surrey.

Rachel LABOUCHERE 1908–1996 Botanical artist, who inherited a collection of flower paintings and studied with John Nash and Mary Grierson; and writer. She was born Rachel Hamilton–Russell, a descendant of the Darbys of Coalbrookdale, the Christy Millers of Adcote and the Wolryche Whitmores of Dudmaston. She had no formal education, although she had wished to go to Oxford University, but during World War II worked for the Admiralty where she met her second husband George Labouchere, knighted in 1955, a collector of modern French and Spanish pictures. With him she travelled extensively, then when he retired as a diplomat in 1966 they settled at her family home, Dudmaston Hall, near Bridgnorth, Shropshire. The house was refurbished by Lady Labouchere and made over to the National Trust in 1978. She also did extensive family historical research, which earned her an honorary doctorate from the University of Birmingham in 1993. Two books on the Quakers from family diaries and a political diary of Adelaide Whitmore were among her writings.

Artist in gouache, oil, pencil and conté and teacher, born in Birmingham. She attended Birmingham College of Art, 1939– 44, under Bernard Fleetwood-Walker. Went on to teach for seven years at Mansfield School of Art, then two years part-time at Wolverhampton College of Art. Lacey was a founder-member of SWLA. She exhibited at Mall and Tryon Galleries, at Slimbridge Wild Fowl Trust, elsewhere throughout Britain and in Paris. Had a series of solo shows at Fairfield Halls, Croydon. She illustrated regularly for Hamlyn, Balberry Publishing, National Parks of America and designed several jigsaws for James Hamilton. Medici, Royle and World Wildlife Fund reproduced Lacey’s pictures and she was commissioned to produce nine for the Sultan of Oman. Lived at Sudbourne, Woodbridge, Suffolk. Mary Elliott LACEY 1923–

Barbara Dacia LACK fl. from 1940s– Artist

in many media including textile design who attended Perse School in Cambridge, then the College of Art there, followed by Royal College of Art. Showed at RA, in the provinces and abroad. Continued to live in Bruce LACEY 1927– Performance artist, painter, Cambridge for many years, latterly at Temple film-maker, sculptor and robot constructor, born Sowerby, Penrith, Cumbria. in London. He studied at Hornsey School of Art, 1949–51, winning the Knapping Prize in the latter Henry Martyn LACK 1909–1979 Etcher and teacher, year. Was then at Royal College of Art, 1951–4, born in Bozeat, Northamptonshire. He studied at gaining an Abbey Minor Travelling Scholarship Leicester College of Art and gained a Royal in the latter year. At the College Lacey established Exhibition to the Royal College of Art, where he a reputation as a performance artist and creator of remained for five years. Joined the Sakkarah happenings sufficient for Ken Russell to make the expedition in Egypt to record tomb paintings and film Preservation Man on him in 1961. Two years carvings, after two years returning to England to later Lacey had a one-man show at Gallery One, be art master at Christ’s Hospital, Horsham, from another following at Marlborough New London 1937–46. After Army service he was briefly at Gallery two years later. By 1975 he had a Northampton School of Art before becoming a retrospective at Whitechapel Art Gallery. Lacey tutor in the engraving school at the Royal College believed that the artist should not be constricted of Art. Was then at Hastings School of Art, 1953– to any narrow means of expression, and in the 68, latterly as acting principal. Then Egypt called 3

him again and until his retirement in 1976 he was a member of a Chicago University team at Luxor for six months of the year, the rest of the time being spent in Hastings. Showed widely in Britain and abroad, including RA and RE. British Museum, British Council and Hastings Museum and Art Gallery hold his work.

member of Printmakers’ Council of Great Britain from 1965, of the World Printmakers’ Council from 1978. Victoria & Albert Museum, Universities of London and Exeter and a number of overseas museums hold his work. Lived in Exeter, Devon.

Roger LADE 1960– Artist in various media, including

models and puppets, who was involved in Little Angel Marionette Theatre, Islington. Was born and lived in London, in his teens becoming interested in the theatre and stage management. Did a foundation course at Sir John Cass School of Art, 1979–80, then honours degree in fine art at Wolverhampton Polytechnic, 1980–3. Exhibited at Wrekin College, Telford; Stowells Trophy at RA; Woodlands Art Gallery, and elsewhere.

Suzanne LACKNER 1908– Sculptor in wide variety

of materials, born in Berlin, Germany, where she studied architecture at the Technical University, then studied in France and London. Was a member of Free Painters and Sculptors, also showing at Camden Arts Centre, elsewhere in London where she lived, and abroad. John LACOUX 1930– Painter, born with an English

mother and French father, whose work was inspired greatly by ecclesiastical architecture, the sea and Venice. He used a technique of glazes which exploited effects of light, as in his show at Nicholas Bowlby, Tunbridge Wells, 1996. Other solo exhibitions included Trafford and Madden Galeries, Tib Lane in Manchester, elsewhere in the north of England and in America. Mixed exhibitions included RA Summer Exhibition, RP and Business Art Galleries at Burlington House. Also showed at his studio at Paddock Wood, Tonbridge, Kent.

Edwin LA DELL 1914–1970 Painter, lithographer and teacher. Born in Coventry, he studied art at Sheffield College of Art and the Royal College of Art under Gilbert Spencer and Barnett Freedman. He was the son of Thomas La Dell and Ellen La Dell, both still life painters. Edwin went on to become senior tutor in charge of printmaking at the Royal College of Art. There he was an influential teacher, his vibrantly coloured lithographs gaining inspiration from French models such as Vuillard, Denis and Bonnard. His organisation of the Coronation Suite, in 1953, brought together a number of artists connected Marek ŁĄCZYŃSKI 1925– with the College. He wrote and illustrated Your Printmaker, illustrator and teacher, born in Warsaw, Book of Landscape Drawing and illustrated Wilkie Poland. He was a member of the Polish Home Collins’ novel The Moonstone. Lived near Army in 1941, took part in Warsaw Uprising in Maidstone, Kent. 1944, was a prisoner of war in Germany, 1944–5, joined the Polish forces in Italy in 1945 and arrived Julia LADEN 1921– Painter, born Juliet Perkins in in England in 1946. Studied book illustration at Little Cornard, Sudbury, Suffolk, daughter of the Borough Polytechnic, 1949–52, then etching and artist Christopher Perkins. She studied at the St lithography at Central School of Arts and Crafts, John’s Wood Art School and the Royal Academy 1962–4. Had first show of prints at Redfern Gallery, Schools, 1936–9. During her marriage to her 1959. Other appearances included Grabowski Polish-Jewish husband Leon Laden they lived in Gallery, 1959; Giles Bequest Exhibition at Victoria Brudenell House, Aldeburgh, Suffolk, and Julia & Albert Museum, 1962; and in same year Prints did a number of short-term jobs, such as hospital of the World at Cincinnati Museum, America. From auxiliary/driver to help out. She, her sister Jane, 1964 taught at Exeter College of Art, being who was married to the botanist S D Garrett, the appointed head of printmaking in 1979. Published painter Peggy Somerville and the writer Ronald a book of poetry, Faces of Fear, in 1973. Was a Blythe from the mid-1950s formed a life-long, 4

close circle of friends, as recalled by Blythe in his catalogue introduction to Somerville’s show at The Cinema Gallery, Aldeburgh, in 2001. The Aldeburgh painter Mary Potter, J M W Turner, Franz Marc and Marc Chagall were influences on Laden. She was a member of Ipswich Art Society, other group appearances including the NEAC, 1958–60; RA Summer Exhibition, 1959; Haste Gallery, Ipswich, 1967; Cambridge Arts Theatre, 1974; Quay Theatre, Sudbury, 1979; and John Russell Gallery, Ipswich, 1989. There were solo shows at John Russell, 1989, and M F Frames Ltd Gallery, Ipswich, 1995.

New Art Gallery, Walsall, 2001. Lago lived in London.

Phillip LAI 1969– Installations artist, born in Kuala

Lumpur, Malaya, who graduated from Chelsea College of Art & Design, 1990–3, gaining his master’s degree, 1993–4. Group exhibitions included Sweetrice, Unit 219, Elephant & Castle Shopping Centre, 1992; Whitworth Young Contemporaries, Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester, 1993; Fresh, London Film & Video Umbrella touring show, from 1994; Institute of Cultural Anxiety: works from the collection, ICA, 1994–5; and Deep Signal, Gasworks, 1996. In 1997, The Showroom, in collaboration with the Institute of International Visual Arts, commissioned a new installation by Lai which explored the idea of fluid states: one a working soy sauce fermentation unit, the other a room of automatic drawings on the gallery walls. Lai worked in London.

Juliet LADEN: see JULIA LADEN

Thomas Sherwood LA FONTAINE 1915– Portrait and

animal painter and draughtsman in black-andwhite. He studied at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art, 1934–6, teachers including Harry Watson and Stuart Tresilian; City and Guilds of London Art School, 1936–9, with A R Middleton Todd and James Grant; then Spenlove School, 1939, with Reginald Eves. Showed at RP, RA and elsewhere and lived in Malmesbury, Wiltshire, for many years.

Sculptor, born in Walsall, Staffordshire, who attended Burton upon Trent Art College, 1984–5, then graduated in fine art from Portsmouth Polytechnic 1985–8, gaining his master’s at Chelsea School of Art, 1989–90. He was awarded the Picker Fellowship, Kingston Polytechnic, 1990; Boise Scholarship, Slade School of Fine Art, 1991; and was artist-inresidence, New Art Gallery, Walsall, 2000. Lago (pronounced Laygo)’s group shows included New Contemporaries, ICA, 1989; Urban Hybrid, Bath Museum, 1993; Pier, Atlantis Gallery, 1994; and Saatchi in Sheffield, Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, 1999. He had a series of solo exhibitions, starting with Mountbatten Gallery, Portsmouth, 1987, later ones including 7 x 5 = Sculptures, Annely Juda Fine Art, 2000 (included witty, colourful hybrids of consumer products, such as a toaster metamorphosed into the façade of the Parthenon and a hair dryer with a briar-wood body) and The

Annie Rose LAING 1869–1946 Figure painter who lived variously in Glasgow, Frascati in Italy and in London, married to the artist James Garden Laing, who predeceased her by 31 years. Laing, who worked for a time under her maiden name Annie Rose Low, was born in Glasgow, where she studied at the School of Art, 1888–94, in the latter year winning the Haldane Travelling Scholarship. She studied under Jean-Paul Laurens in Paris. In the year she was married, 1908, she joined the Glasgow Society of Lady Artists. Exhibited in Munich, Germany, and in Rome International Exhibition, both 1911. Showed extensively at Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, also at RSA, RA and Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool. Kelvingrove Art Gallery in Glasgow holds her oils The Mirror and After Rehearsal. Died in Uckfield, Sussex.

Darren LAGO 1965–

Artist, born in Felixstowe, Suffolk, who studied medical biology and worked for the Medical Research Council before travelling extensively. He experienced the Iranian Islamic Revolution first-hand before returning to England to pursue art studies, settling in London. Attended David LAING 1954–

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Middlesex Polytechnic, 1980–3, École des BeauxArts in Paris, 1986, and Royal College of Art, 1985–7. Exhibited in British Council Invited Section, Ljubliana Biennale, Yugoslavia, 1991; Whitechapel Open Exhibition at Whitechapel Gallery, 1992; Artists’ Books, South Bank Centre, 1993; and Lannon Gallery, New York, 1995. Solo exhibitions included Harriet Green Gallery, 1995, where Laing showed dark paintings scattered with forms that reflected his biological background. Later shows included The Large Print Show, Christchurch Mansion, Ipswich, 1997. He lived in London.

Artist, notably a sculptor in bronze, and teacher, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland. Also known as Gerald OgilvieLang. He attended Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, 1953–5, then after a short Army career attended St Martin’s School of Art, 1960–4. Lived in New York for five years, being artist-in-residence at Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies, Colorado, in 1966. Initially Laing was a Pop Artist and by the late–1960s was known as a sculptor of minimal forms. In 1969, during a period of disillusionment, he acquired Kinkell Castle, on the Black Isle, in Scotland and restored it, in 1977 setting up a substantial bronze foundry there to handle his own work. By this time Laing had rejected abstraction for figuration, returning to the mainstream, but continually experimenting within it. Laing’s teaching posts included visiting professor at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, 1976–7; and professor of sculpture at Columbia University, New York, 1986–7. In 1978–80 he was on the art committee of the Scottish Arts Council, in 1987 being appointed commissioner on the Royal Commission for Fine Art for Scotland. Laing showed widely internationally, having a one-man show at Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle upon Tyne, 1963, another at ICA, 1964, then the first of a string at Richard Feigen Gallery, New York, 1964, and with Richard Feigen in Chicago, 1965, Whitford Fine Art in 1996 holding an exhibition of 17 silkscreen prints made in 1968. The Cincinnati Center for

Contemporary Art gave Laing a retrospective in 1971, others following at Herbert Art Gallery, Coventry, 1983, Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, 1993, and sculpture 1968–99, Fine Art Society, 1999. In 1995 Laing was commissioned to make eight dragons for Bank tube station, in 1996 four bronze rugby players for Twickenham Stadium. Tate Gallery, National Portrait Gallery, Victoria & Albert Museum, Scottish Art Gallery and many other public collections in Britain and abroad hold Laing’s work. In 2004, Laing set up The Gerald Laing Art Foundation to promote the understanding, appreciation and practice of sculpture.

Gerald LAING 1936–

Rowena LAING fl. from 1970s– Painter and designer

whose work included landscapes, abstracted with unusual perspectives. She gained her diploma from Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee, then worked as a graphic designer in London, Dundee and Glasgow. After a break while bringing up her two children she worked on interior design and developed a framing business, an offshoot of which was the Blue Roof Gallery, Fintry, Stirlingshire, where she lived. As well as painting the east coast of Scotland, more exotic references were to the Caribbean and Italy, especially Florence, where she lived as a student. Showed widely in Scotland after deciding to paint full-time, including The Strathearn Gallery, Crieff. Arthur Robert LAIRD 1881–c.1957 Lithographer who

studied at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts under Herbert Cole and Francis Jackson, then at the Westminster School of Art under Walter Sickert and Harold Gilman. He exhibited at the Senefelder Club, RA, RBA, SGA, in the provinces, in Belgium and America. The British Museum and Victoria & Albert Museum hold his work. Laird, who worked for a time in local government, became secretary of the Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts and vice-president of the South London Group. Lived at Ewell, Surrey.

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Thalia LAIRD 1967– Versatile artist who worked with Vogue magazine, 1986, studying architecture at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, 1986–

curator, educated in Seaford, studied painting at Eastbourne School of Art, 1918–25, and the Royal College of Art, 1925–9. Lake did a variety of work, ranging from figure studies through views of Sussex to later more abstract pictures. Exhibited LG, NEAC and in the provinces. Was curator of the Towner Art Gallery, Eastbourne, 1947–58. Lived at Hailsham, Sussex, but emigrated to Spain after his retirement from the gallery, which held a memorial show in 1975.

9. She worked for the press office of the Edinburgh International Festival in 1988, also undertaking an architectural project trip to Portugal. In 1989, she was included in East End Open Studios, at Berry Street.

Artist, graphic designer and editor, born in Lausanne, Switzerland, one of the management team for the PILOT:2 International Art Forum in London in 2005, responsible for the design, website administration and press. Laithier graduated in fine arts at the École Supériere d’Arts Visuels in Geneva in 1997. She then moved to London to complete her master’s degree at Central St Martins in 1998, remaining to work as an artist. She was also a graphic designer, freelancing as an art editor for award-winning business magazines. Laithier took part in various European group exhibitions, including Trivial Pursuit in Belgrade in former Yugoslavia, 2002; Kick It Till It Breaks, VTO Gallery, 2003; and Siege, London, 2005. Among her solo shows were SFP Gallery, Geneva, 2000, and EXIT, Lausanne, 2003. Doriane LAITHIER 1972–

Painter committed to non-figurative work associated with Minimalism and Concrete art. She was brought up in her home town, Sheffield, Yorkshire, completed a master’s degree in fine art at Chelsea School of Art, 1977, the following year having a fellowship at the Academy in Bath, Somerset, where she settled. American artists such as Robert Ryman, Brice Marden, Eva Hesse, Agnes Martin and Carl André were influences. She came into prominence in the 1990s through solo exhibitions in London and Munich as well as several group shows: drei Frauen konkret?, Munich, 1995, and Mostly Monochrome, Dublin, 1996. The Lead Fall series was important Antony LAKE 1905–1956 Painter and illustrator, born in her output. She was one of the Jerwood Painting at Chalfont St Giles, Buckinghamshire. Studied at Prize selections at the Central St Martins College St Martin’s School of Art. Exhibited at NS and of Art and Design, 1997. RBA. Worked for the Illustrated London News, did posters for London Passenger Transport Board John LALLY 1914–1994 Painter, draughtsman and and illustrated a number of books. Belonged to teacher, born and lived in Ilkeston, Derbyshire, Hoddesdon Art Club and lived near Waltham where he was prominent in the community. His gifts as a speaker were valuable during his 15 years Abbey, Essex. as chairman of the thriving Arts Club and as a Evelyn Frances Coote LAKE 1885–1979 Painter, founder-member of the Friends of Erewash especially of birds and cats, in various media, born Museum at Ilkeston, which has a John Lally in London, where she continued to live. She studied Gallery and which holds his striking, Cubistat Camden and Hornsey Schools of Art and on the influenced picture Museum and Grand Hotel, continent. Exhibited very widely in London as well Scarborough. A tall, stately, charismatic man, Pop as RCamA, RWA, in the provinces and at Paris Lally, as he was known, studied for three years at Salon. She was a prominent member of a number Sheffield University until 1934, then taught, of art clubs, including RWS and Ridley Art Club. eventually becoming headmaster of Gladstone Was also involved in a variety of organisations Boys School, retiring in 1977. He showed at such as the Cats’ Protection League and Folk-Lore Nottingham Museum and Art Gallery before World Society. War II, after the war with the Midland Group of Artists in Nottingham. John Gascoyne LAKE 1903–1975 Painter and museum Maria LALIĆ 1952–

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Richard LALLY 1928– Painter and restorer, born in

extensively from the early 1940s, also in Brittany. He was a member of RHA and RUA and exhibited widely in Ireland and abroad, including RA, America – including Olympic Art Exhibition, 1932, in Los Angeles – and was given a show by CEMA in Belfast in 1947. Municipal Gallery of Modern Art held a memorial show in 1969. Ulster Museum and most Irish public collections hold examples.

London, who attended Hammersmith College of Art and Building under Leon Underwood and Dennis Gilbert, 1955–9. Appeared in mixed shows at UA, SWLA and ROI and had solo exhibition at Manolette Gallery, Richmond, and abroad. Lived at Drumbeg, Lairg, Sutherland. LAM Tung-pang 1978– Artist,

born in Hong Kong, who set up a studio in the Fo Tan Industrial Area there in 2001. He graduated in fine arts from The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2002, gaining his master’s from Central St Martins College of Art & Design, London, 2004. At the Nokia Art Awards – Asia Pacific 2000, at Insa Art Center, Seoul, South Korea, Lam was a Hong Kong finalist, winning an award for outstanding artistic expression; in 2001 a Cheung’s Fine Arts Award, at the Chinese University; the Raymond Wood Creative Prize there, 2002; an Arts Scholarship, Hong Kong Arts Development Council, 2003; a Young Artists Prize, The 8th Chichester Open, 2004; and Young Artist of the Year in the 2005 Hunting Art Prizes. Exhibitions included Triple Play, 1aspace, Cattle Depot Artists’ Village, Hong Kong, 2002; Landscape of the Mind, Grotto Fine Art, Hong Kong, 2003; The Inscriptive Ferret, Space 44, 2004; and Small is Beautiful XXII, Flowers Central, 2004–5. Toni Heath Gallery gave Lam a first London solo show in 2005. The Museum of Art, Allen & Overy and Grotto Fine Art, all in Hong Kong, and private collections there, in London and America hold examples

Portait and landscape painter in oil and medical illustrator, born in Portsmouth, Hampshire. She studied at the College of Art there, 1945–7; Bromley Art College, 1947–9; and Royal Academy Schools, 1949–51. In addition to exhibiting at NEAC and RP and having work in The Artist magazine, Lamb was assistant medical artist at the Central Middlesex Hospital and illustrated medical publications. Before that, in 1949–51, she had taught at Sevenoaks Art Centre. Lived in Rickmansworth, Hertfordshire.

Christine Margaret LAMB 1930–1971

Elspeth LAMB fl. from late 1960s– Printmaker, paperwork and mixed-media artist, and teacher, who attended Glasgow School of Art, 1969–73; did postgraduate studies in printmaking at Manchester Polytechnic, 1973–4; then studied stone lithography at Ruskin School of Drawing, Oxford, 1976. After lecturing in etching in Glasgow, from 1978 taught printmaking, drawing and painting at Edinburgh College of Art. She won many awards, including several from Scottish Arts Council, and took part in a string of international print biennales and art fairs. Mixed shows included Charles LAMB 1893–1964 Painter and teacher who New Scottish Prints Tour in New York, 1983; The was born in Portadown, Armagh, Northern Ireland. Mini Print Competition in Cadaques, Spain, 1984; Initially he followed his father’s trade as a house and Amsterdam, Culture City Prints, 1987. Had a painter and studied at the local Technical School, solo show at Glasgow School of Art, 1974, later but attended evening classes at Belfast School of ones including Compass Gallery, Glasgow, 1992, Art. After gaining a scholarship to Dublin’s where Lamb’s interest in ancient civilisations was Metropolitan School of Art, 1917–21, where he evident. British Council, Scottish Arts Council and won gold and silver medals, Lamb settled in public galleries in Glasgow, Leeds, Bradford and Carraroe, County Galway, where he lived simply Perth hold examples. Lamb was unusual in tackling and became noted for his studies of peasant life. the onerous job of making her own paper, which In the mid-1930s he built a house at Carraroe and she saturated with rich, dense pigment. ran a summer painting school there. Travelled extensively in Ireland, working in the North Helen Adelaide LAMB fl. from c. 1913–1981 Illuminator, 8

draughtsman and teacher, born in Prestwick, Ayrshire, sister of the artist Mildred Lamb. Helen studied at Glasgow School of Art, 1907–15, gaining her diploma in 1913. She won a travelling scholarship to study manuscripts in London, Oxford and Dublin in Ireland, then taught at St Columba’s School, Kilmacolm, 1918–49. Joined the Glasgow Society of Lady Artists in 1917, winning its Lauder Award in 1924–31–53. Also exhibited at Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, RSA and Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. Notable among her public commissions were a number for Dunblane Cathedral, including its Cradle Roll, 1927; and Church of Scotland Royal Addresses for the Silver Jubilee of George V and accession of George VI and Queen Elizabeth.

Lived at Coombe Bissett, Wiltshire.

Lithographer, wood engraver, book illustrator and painter. Born in India, he studied at the Central School of Arts and Crafts under William Roberts and Bernard Meninsky, 1928–30. Shared a studio with Victor Pasmore in the 1930s, is featured in Pasmore’s picture The Parisian Café and was associated with the Euston Road School. Exhibited RA, RBA, LG, Leicester and Redfern Galleries and widely abroad. Oneman show at the Storran Gallery, 1937. On the staff of the Slade School of Fine Art, 1950–71, and the Royal College of Art, 1956–71. Lamb was an exemplary book illustrator; produced the lorry bill Reaping for Shell in 1951; and wrote a number of books, including The Purpose of Painting and Henry LAMB 1883–1960 Painter and draughtsman, Preparation for Painting. Lived at Sandon, near especially of portraits and figure groups. Born in Chelmsford, Essex. Adelaide, Australia. Family returned to Manchester in 1886. Lamb studied medicine at Manchester Mildred Richley LAMB 1900–1947 Artist, illustrator University, but after election as a student for 1904– and writer, sister of the illuminator Helen Adelaide 5 at MAFA moved to London and in 1906 enrolled Lamb. She was born in Glasgow and attended its at Chelsea Art School, run by Augustus John and School of Art, 1922–5, between the wars William Orpen, afterwards attending L’École de illustrating many books. Lamb joined the Glasgow la Palette, Paris. Prior to World War I he became Society of Lady Artists in 1923, winning its Lauder involved with Euphemia (Nina Forrest), whom he Award in 1935. Exhibited with Royal Glasgow married, Dorelia John and Lady Ottoline Morrell; Institute of the Fine Arts and RSA. Wrote for the painted in Brittany and Ireland; and exhibited with Glasgow Herald and during World War II did the AAA, Camden Town Group and NEAC. In munitions work. The year before she died she World War I after further studies he served as a married Walter Connor. Lived at Lamlash, Isle of medical officer and as an Official War Artist Arran, but died at Bridge of Weir, Renfrewshire. abroad. In the 1920s Lamb’s reputation grew; he Sue LAMB 1943– Sculptor, draughtsman and Batik exhibited at RA from 1921 (elected RA in 1949); artist who began sculpting as a remedial exercise first one-man show at Alpine Gallery, 1922; after leaving a career with British Airways. Studied married Lady Pansy Pakenham, 1928; and began at Sidcup Art Centre for eight years and became a long association with the Leicester Galleries, assistant to the sculptor John Ravera. Lamb’s chief 1927. Official War Artist in World War II. Lamb interest was animal sculpture, especially dogs, as was a fine draughtsman and a painter whose palette evidenced in the four-man show she shared at was muted, but unmistakeable. He finished a Woodlands Art Gallery, 1981. She was number of pictures which are a key part of modern commissioned to make competition trophies, British painting: Death of a Peasant, Lytton including a golden Cruft’s award, and exhibited Strachey and Evelyn Waugh. Work in many public annually at major championship shows where her collections, including Tate Gallery and National work was bought by internationally known dog Portrait Gallery. Retrospective exhibition at breeders and exhibitors. Manchester City Art Gallery, 1984, and touring. Lynton LAMB 1907–1977

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Thomas LAMB 1978– Artist, born in Lincolnshire, where he lived at Belleau, married to the artist Yuki Abe. He graduated in fine art from Wimbledon School of Art, 1997–00, gaining his master’s degree in fine art, drawing, there, 2000–01. In 2001–3 Lamb held a Sainsbury Scholarship in Painting and Sculpture, British School at Rome, Italy. Took part in exhibitions while there. Also participated in a mixed show at the Lethaby Gallery, 1999, and Braccio di Carlo Magno, Vatican City, 2002.

moved to England. In 1969 Lamba graduated from University of Lancaster. For eight years he was involved in New Plant Arts Workshop and Earthbound Theatre, a touring performance art unit, in 1978 becoming Lancaster’s first town artist. Then did work for many arts organisations and schools, eventually based in London. After a solo show on Edinburgh Festival fringe in 1976 others included Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal, 1977; Liverpool University, 1979; Westbourne Art Gallery, 1984; and Commonwealth Institute, 1986. From 1983 he held a series of shows at Woburn Fine Arts, which in 1986 published an illustrated monograph on him. Lamba could be an imaginative stage designer, as for the dance group Kosh’s production A Square of Sky at Round Chapel, Hackney, in 2002. Lamba later settled in Yeaton, Baschurch, Shropshire.

William LAMB 1893–1951 Sculptor, printmaker and watercolourist, born in Montrose, Angus, where he eventually settled. For several years before World War I Lamb was apprenticed as a monumental sculptor to his brother James and attended evening classes at Montrose Academy. In 1912 he began work for an Aberdeen granite merchants, continuing to study at Gray’s School of Art. During the war he lost a hand while engaged in trench warfare, but began using his left hand and during 1918–21 attended classes at Montrose Academy again, changing to full-time study at Edinburgh College of Art, 1921–2, where his teachers included David Foggie. After studying in Paris, 1922–4, at École des Beaux-Arts, Lamb did a cycle tour of France and Italy lasting 3,000 miles, returning to Montrose in 1924 where he established a studio. He now began to exhibit seriously at RA and RSA, at the latter winning the Guthrie Award in 1929. In 1945 he established a stone-carving business. The William Lamb Memorial Studio in his home town houses his output as an artist. Lamb was noted for his heads of the royal family modelled in the early 1930s, but his fame rests on his powerful, Expressionistic depictions of fisherfolk. The Scottish Arts Council organised an Edward Baird and William Lamb show in 1968.

Peter LAMBDA 1911–1995 Sculptor and writer, born

Yuki LAMB: see Yuki ABE

Juginder LAMBA 1948– Sculptor in wood, notably bog oak, producing mainly figurative work on themes such as mothers and children and lovers, and stage designer. He was born in Nairobi, Kenya. After four years in India until 1962 the family

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in Budapest, Hungary, to professional parents, his mother a psychoanalyst, a student of Sigmund Freud who later sat to Lambda for the portrait in the Freud Museum. Lambda studied medicine; sculpture in Paris and Prague; then after some success exhibiting moved to London in 1938. During World War II he worked for the Crown Film Unit and wrote propaganda scripts for the BBC. After the war joined Imperial Chemical Industries, engaged in industrial design, notably with the new material Perspex, in which he sculpted. Made a fine head in bronze of the Labour politician Aneurin Bevan, then concentrated on theatrical personalities, including Laurence Olivier, Claire Bloom, Christopher Fry, Terence Rattigan and Wendy Hiller. His work is in the National Portrait Gallery, National Museum of Wales in Cardiff and University College, Swansea. Lambda’s last bust was of the actress Liz Robertson, 1981, then eye trouble made sculpting difficult. Lambda married his second wife, the actress Betty Paul, in 1958. By then he had written for the theatre and with her he scripted episodes for television series; they created their own, Weaver’s Green, for Anglia. Continued writing until 1993, having in 1987 moved from London

to Tibberton, Gloucestershire, where he died.

included Peter Pears Gallery in Aldeburgh, Guy Taplin’s Gallery in Woodbridge, Falcon Gallery in Boxford and extensively on the continent and in Canada. Solo shows included Gallery 44, Aldeburgh; John Russell Gallery, Ipswich; and Christchurch Mansion there. It and Musée de Verviers, Belgium, hold examples.

Philip Agnew LAMBE 1897–1968 Painter in oil who over a long period studied privately with Charles Buchel, Charles Simpson, Arthur Hayward and Bernard Adams, with a period at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art. Travelled extensively. Exhibited NS, RP and Paris Salon, where he won a gold medal, sometimes signing work with initials only. Lived in London.

Artist born in Bridgend, Glamorgan, for whom “the desire to find solutions, narratives, is a strong one.” He gained an honours degree in fine art, painting, at Staffordshire Polytechnic, 1986–9; studied postgraduate printmaking at Wimbledon School of Art, 1991– 3; gained a Swedish Institute Scholarship to Konsthögskolan, Stockholm, 1992–3; then his master’s in printmaking at Wimbledon, 1993–4. Lambert was included in The Large Print Show, Christchurch Mansion, Ipswich, 1997, having just completed a residency at Lowick House Print Workshop and in 1996 one at Coventry University. He showed regularly regionally and nationally and was included in group shows widely abroad. Lived in Lancaster.

Alice LAMBE 1924– Printmaker and freelance illustrator, born in Dublin, Ireland, who studied at Regent Street Polytechnic. She exhibited at WIAC, RBA, Young Contemporaries, Leicester Galleries and in an Arts Council tour, 1949. In 1950, lithographs by Lambe were included in a group exhibition at the AIA. Isabel LAMBERT: see Isabel Rawsthorne John LAMBERT 1967–

Artist who was notably a draughtsman, sometimes on a large scale, heads and horses as favoured subjects. Born in Kingston, Surrey, she studied at Leek School of Art and Design, 1978–9, gained a bachelor’s degree in fine art at Coventry Polytechnic, 1981–4, then took a studio with Coventry Artists Group. Group shows included Coventry’s Herbert Art Gallery, 1984; Oriel Gallery, Welshpool, 1987; Nerlino Gallery, New York, 1990; and Cleveland International Drawing Biennale, 1991. Solo shows included Long & Ryle, 1995, and Jill George Gallery, 2002. London headquarters of Cité Nationale Bank of France commissioned work, which was held also by Coopers & Lybrand Deloitte, Birmingham collection. Alison LAMBERT 1957–

Maurice LAMBERT 1901–1964 Sculptor, draughtsman and teacher, born in Paris. His father was the Australian painter George Lambert, his brother the musician Constant Lambert. Educated in London, Lambert was apprenticed, 1918–23, with the sculptor Derwent Wood; assisted his father briefly in his studio; and attended part-time life classes, 1919–27, at Chelsea Polytechnic. Although he worked on Wood’s Machine Gun Corps Claire LAMBERT 1936– Painter, draughtsman, monument at Hyde Park Corner, Lambert’s own printmaker and ceramist, born in Ipswich, Suffolk, sculpture, while remaining largely figurative, took settling nearby at Shotley. She was largely self- a much more modern turn. He was prolific, taught, but did attend part-time and evening classes between 1925–34 exhibiting nearly 150 works, at Académie des Beaux-Arts in Brussels under having his first solo show at the Claridge Gallery Roger Somville, Atelier des Céramiques de Dour in 1927. His fourth and final one-man show in his with Fernand Wery and Suffolk College. “The lifetime was at Reid and Lefevre in 1934, and it human figure and expression, simplicity and was left to the Belgrave Gallery to give him a feeling” were important aspects of her work. posthumous exibition in 1988. Lambert was a Lambert was a member of Suffolk Craft Society member of NS and a fellow of RBS and was elected and Ipswich Art Society. Group exhibitions RA in 1952. From 1950–8 he was master of 11

sculpture at the Royal Academy Schools. A physically tough and intellectually adventurous man, Lambert undertook a large number of commissions, often of hefty size. They included an equestrian statue of King George V for Adelaide, South Australia; work in the liners Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth; fountains for Basildon; and work in the presidential palace, Baghdad. Tate Gallery holds his work. Died in London.

Sheila Harrison Fine Art, 1989. In 1991 shared an exhibition at Llewellyn Alexander Gallery. Lived in Horsham, Sussex.

Artist, born in London, who early showed an aptitude for drawing and mathematics. In 1916 he was chosen to join Royal Air Service Corps, training as a rear gunner. After World War I he was asked to plan a factory in Bruges for English Electric Light Bulb Company and during that time discovered a natural talent for painting, which then became his dominant interest. He studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, the Royal Academy Schools, 1924–7, and briefly in Paris. During World War II he worked with an ambulance unit in France, then as an Official War Artist, later running a unit which decorated canteens for the 8th Army in Africa and Italy. Before the war Lambourn had shown in London, having a solo exhibition with Matthiesen Gallery in 1938. After the war Lambourn – a multi-talented man of strong views, a black belt at judo, an intellectual, an enthusiast for amateur dramatics – decided to settle in west Cornwall, having years before fallen in love with Mousehole. He was commemorated by a show at Gordon Hepworth Gallery, Exeter, in 1991. Imperial War Museum and Tate Gallery hold his work. George LAMBOURN 1900–1977

Jim LAMBIE 1964– Versatile and enterprising artist, as in his solo show Zobop, at The Showroom, 1999, in which, using a selection of lo-fi materials, Lambie created a psychedelic vinyl floor shaped by gallery features. The audience crossed it to view sculptures made from such materials as glue sticks, balloons, tape, cigarettes and socks. Lambie was born and lived in Glasgow, where he gained a fine art honours degree from the School of Art, 1990– 4. Other exhibitions included Mary Redmond & Jim Lambie, Assembly Gallery, Glasgow, 1995; Sick Building, Globe Gallery, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1996; and Two Up, Property Gallery, Glasgow, 1998. In that year Lambie had a residency at Triangle, Marseilles, France, with a show there at La Friche. He won a Paul Hamlyn Visual Arts Award, 2000. Lambie was also included in the Hayward Gallery tour The British Art Show 5, 2000–1. In 2003 Lambie had solo exhibitions at Inverleith House, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, and at Modern Art, Oxford, the year he was included in Days Like These, at Tate Britain. The National Gallery of Modern Art in Edinburgh holds his work.

Draughtsman, printmaker, book illustrator, designer and teacher, born in Croydon, Surrey. He studied, 1934–7, at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art and Central School of Arts and Crafts, then from 1937– 9 at Royal College of Art with Robert Austin and Alan LAMBIRTH 1959– Painter of landscapes and Malcolm Osborne. After Army service in World interiors, simplifying the images and often War II completed his degree course at Royal including a single female figure. He studied at West College of Art. While still at College he taught at Sussex College of Design, Epsom School of Art Isleworth Evening Institute, later appointments and Royal Academy Schools. From 1981 showed being at Guildford College of Art, 1951–61, and in RA Summer Exhibitions, from 1983 with RBA Leicester Polytechnic, 1962–72. In the late-1940s and from 1986 at NEAC. He gained the RA Gold began to establish a name as an illustrator of books Medal in 1982, the year he won an Edward and magazines and for leading advertising Travelling Scholarship, winning a David Murray agencies. Soon became a member of Senefelder Studentship in 1983. Elected RBA three years later. Club and RE. Had his first solo exhibition at Had two solo shows at Odette Gilbert Gallery, Kensington Art Gallery in 1949, later one-man 1984–6, one at the Solomon Gallery, 1988, and at exhibitions including Wilton and Zwemmer Nigel LAMBOURNE 1919–1988

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Galleries. In 1950–1 worked on Festival of Britain South Bank Exhibition. Lambourne was a masterly draughtsman, with a taut, springing line, shown to great effect in his drawings of low life and the female figure. He died at Oakhill, near Bath, Avon, and in 1992 Victoria Art Gallery, Bath, held a show of his work. Abbott and Holder showed examples in 2005. Arts Council, Contemporary Art Society and Museum of Modern Art, New York, hold examples.

matriculated from scientific secondary school in 1973. Joined the Quatenary Era Institute, a scientific research project, concerned with studying prehistoric ecosystems and graffiti, with which she travelled to several national parks and the Algerian Sahara. Moved to London, in 1982 she graduated with credit in fine arts at Chelsea School of Art. Was a founder-member of Pyramid Arts Development, multi-cultural arts group in Hackney, between 1984–5 co-ordinating community projects for Borough of Islington. She supported her art with teaching, translation and market research. In 1989, La Nave became artistin-residence at Homerton Hospital psychiatric department. Having studied art psychotherapy at Goldsmiths’ College, 1992–6, she worked as an art psychotherapist in adult psychiatry and special education. Took part in group exhibitions in London and Edinburgh, also Unquiet Voices, Doncaster Museum & Art Gallery, 1997. Had solo exhibitions in Verona and London. From 1995, La Nave’s work changed dramatically to include writing, video and sound, evolving towards multiples and multimedia installation. Lived in London.

Artist in pen and ink, watercolour and oil, and collector, born in Carnoustie, Angus. In the mid-1930s she studied at St John’s Wood Art Schools under Patrick Millard, fellow-students being Robin Treffgarne and John Minton, whom she helped and collected and whose work influenced her own. She showed with St John’s Wood Group at Wertheim Gallery, also with Leicester Galleries and LG. Lamont was married to businessman Newton Lamont, who died in 1960. Lived at Chart Sutton, near Maidstone, Kent, a neighbour and friend of Harold Nicolson, in whose diaries she appears, and Vita SackvilleWest, whose white garden she painted. Interested in gardening, Edie indexed Sackville-West’s articles about it and she was the dedicatee of Vita’s 1961 novel No Signposts in the Sea. In the year she died Anthony Dawson, of Barnes, organised an exhibition of Lamont’s work. Edie LAMONT 1896–1983

Brian Christy LANCASTER 1931– Painter, illustrator

and designer, born in Atherton, Lancashire, with a special interest in steam locomotives. Studied at Bolton School of Art, 1946–9, with John Gauld; Southport School of Art, 1949–52; and Manchester John Charles LAMONT 1894–1948 Painter who School of Art. Showed RI, RBA, RWA, Atkinson studied at Glasgow School of Art under Maurice Art Gallery, Southport, and elsewhere. Bristol Greiffenhagen and Fra Newbery. Exhibited RSA, Museum holds his work. Lived at North Nibley, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, and Royal Glasgow Gloucestershire. Institute of the Fine Arts. Lived in Kirkcudbright, Edward Purser LANCASTER 1911–1954 Painter, Scotland. printmaker, designer, mural artist and teacher. Nancy LAMPLUGH 1912– Artist and teacher, born Studied at Southport, Liverpool and Chelsea in Croydon, Surrey, educated at the Royal College Schools of Art. Eventually taught at London School of Art. She was head of the textile department of of Printing and Graphic Arts. Exhibited Goupil Hull College of Art, 1944–76. There was a Gallery, Atkinson Art Gallery, Southport, retrospective at the Ferens Art Gallery, Hull, 2000– elsewhere in the north of England, in London, Paris 1. and New York. General Post Office and Southport Corporation bought his work, which was also Francesca La NAVE 1954– Artist, art psychotherapist and teacher, born in Florence, Italy, where she reproduced by the London Passenger Transport Board. Lived in London and Bognor Regis, Sussex. 13

James LANCASTER 1960– Artist, born in St Albans,

substance and the substance of illusion.” Lancaster did an advanced foundation certificate at Cleveland College of Art and Design, 1997–8, graduating with first-class honours in fine art, painting, from the University of Northumbria, Newcastle, 1998– 01. In 2001 she won the Unilever Fresh Graduate Award at Fresh Art, Business Design Centre, Islington.

Hertfordshire, who studied graphic design at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art in the early 1980s. He worked as a photographic hand printer in London for eight years before concentrating on his own mysterious, luminous, Symbolist drawings and video works. Lancaster’s figures stemmed from his imagination. He was “mostly obsessed with the body and how to show its mysterious allure, and the physicality, sensuality and subconscious imagery associated with it.” In 2001 Lancaster’s work appeared in Private Worlds, Outsider and Visionary Art at Orleans House Gallery, Twickenham and Loughborough University, and Obsessive Visions at England & Co. That gallery showed his Nocturnal Drawings in 2002.

Artist and teacher who studied at the Slade School of Fine Art, 1906– 10, under Henry Tonks and Fred Brown, then at the Royal Academy Schools, 1910–14, Walter Sickert a notable teacher. She was married to the artist and teacher Clive Gardiner, her son being the writer Stephen Gardiner, who remembered that Sickert “regarded Lilian as his favourite pupil. He gave her one of his paintings, nude on bed, Camden Town period. Most of all, she admired the French Impressionists and Van Gogh and, of the Impressionists, Renoir was certainly an influence.” Lancaster taught at Eastbourne College of Art, 1916–21. She exhibited at the RA Summer Exhibition and NEAC, of which she was a member, receiving excellent reviews in newspapers and art periodicals. In 1960, after Clive Gardiner’s death, she moved to Wytham, Oxfordshire. Manchester City Art Gallery acquired her work. Lilian LANCASTER 1888–1975

John LANCASTER 1953– Painter and draughtsman,

much of whose work explored architectural themes, born in Derby. He attended Medway College of Design, 1979; Winchester School of Art, 1979–82, in 1982 gaining a Drawing Prize; and Royal College of Art, 1983–6. Among a series of awards was Rome Scholar in Painting, British School at Rome, 1986–8, and a fellowship in painting, Gloucestershire College of Art and Technology, 1988–9. Group exhibitions included Robert Colquhoun Memorial, 369 Gallery, Edinburgh, 1980; Northern Young Contemporaries, Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester, 1981; Artists in Residence Show, Axiom Gallery, Cheltenham, 1993; and Beatrice Royal Gallery, Eastleigh, 1998. Had a solo show at Benjamin Rhodes Gallery, 1989, later ones including Sacred Interiors at Peterborough Museum & Art Gallery, 1999, and Krefelder Kunstverein, Krefeld, Germany, 2000. Painter whose small works were given a show at Curwen Gallery in 2003. Of these, she said: “My paintings are based upon the discarded snapshots I find in junk shops and flea-markets. The painting process allows me to examine these images and the endless number of possible narratives of which they could be a part – exploring the paint itself as both a physical

Versatile painter, printmaker, designer and teacher, born in Holmfirth, Yorkshire, who studied at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, 1961–5. He taught at Newcastle and Bath Academy of Art; won the Purchase Prize at the Second British International Print Biennale at Bradford; and was artist-inresidence at King’s College, Cambridge, 1968– 70. In 1971 Editions Alecto issued a series of Henry VI lithographs by Lancaster alluding to paintings completed during the residency. His exhibitions included Rowan Gallery and Magdalene Street Gallery, Cambridge. While in New York appearing in films and working at The Factory, Andy Warhol’s studio, Lancaster met other notable American artists, including Jasper Johns. He settled in New York in 1972 and from 1973–98 designed costumes, lighting and sets for the Merce Mark LANCASTER 1938–

Laura LANCASTER 1979–

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Cunningham Dance Company, also being Johns’ secretary, 1974–85. Lancaster’s work is in many collections. The Tate Gallery holds a group, and the Victoria & Albert Museum, British Council and Museum of Modern Art in New York have examples.

Colin LANCELEY 1938– Painter, construction artist,

printmaker and teacher, born in Dunedin, New Zealand. He studied at National Art School in Sydney, 1956–60, teachers including John Passmore and John Olsen. He first appeared at Annandale Imitation Realist show at Museum of Modern Art, Melbourne, 1962. Work early showed influence of American Pop Art, from which he moved into junk and assemblage art. Lanceley was awarded the Contemporary Art Society Sydney Young Contemporaries Award in 1963, in 1964 gaining the Helena Rubinstein Scholarship. Lanceley made prints for Marlborough Fine Art in mid-1960s which were well received. He taught for a time at Chelsea School of Art, then returned to Australia. Museum of Modern Art in New York, Tate Gallery and a number of Australian and continental European galleries hold examples. Lived latterly in Sydney.

Osbert LANCASTER 1908–1986 Cartoonist and social satirist, painter, theatrical designer and writer, born in London. After attending Oxford University, 1926–30, he was at Byam Shaw School of Drawing and Painting, 1925–6, the Ruskin School of Drawing, in Oxford, 1929–30, then the Slade School of Fine Art, 1931–2. In 1932 and 1934 he showed at NEAC, but then forsook easel painting for murals, book illustrations and writing, from 1934–9 being on the staff of the Architectural Review while doing some university lecturing. Wrote authoritatively but wittily on architecture in such books as Homes, Sweet Homes and Drayneflete Revealed. In 1939 was appointed cartoonist on the Daily Express, where he chronicled the adventures of the Littlehamptons in his Pocket Cartoon. Designed for all the major British opera and ballet companies. Tate Gallery holds his work. Knighted in 1975.

Artist noted for her watercolour depictions of London, was born and lived there. Studied at Nottingham College of Art and Heatherley’s School of Fine Art. She lived in Canada, 1960–5. Won the Lord Mayor’s Art Award for two consecutive years; took part in a four-man show at Thackeray Gallery, 1977; and had a series Percy LANCASTER 1878–1951 Landscape, painter of solo exhibitions in Britain, France, Canada and and etcher, born in Manchester. Originally trained Sweden. as an architect, but turned to art and attended Southport School of Art. Exhibited prolifically, Reginald LANDER 1913–1982 Artist and designer in especially RI, RBA, Walker’s Galleries and gouache, watercolour and black-and-white, Lander RCamA. Had solo show at Walker’s Galleries. was born and lived in London. Studied at Medici Society prints were made of his pictures, Hammersmith School of Art, was during the 1930s which are in public galleries in Manchester, chief designer and manager of the Ralph Mott Oldham, Preston and Rochdale. Lived in Studio. After World War II went freelance. Government ministries and British Railways used Southport. his work. Marjorie LANCE 1900– Versatile painter brought up in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, who married the William LANDLES 1923– Sculptor, born in Hawick, miniature painter H Carlyon Webb. She studied at Roxburghshire, whose early exhibited work the Slade School of Fine Art with Henry Tonks, prompted an Andrew Grant Bequest for studies at Philip Wilson Steer and John Wheatley, 1920–3. Edinburgh College of Art under Eric Schilsky, Exhibited Goupil Gallery, NEAC, RBA, PS and 1951–6. After his diploma, Landles developed in the provinces. Showed solo at St George’s and abstracted work in a range of materials, from 1977 Woodstock Galleries. Lived in Stanmore, changing course to produce figurative bronzes. He was elected a professional member of SSA in 1986 Middlesex. Audrey LANCEMAN 1931–

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graduated with honours from Goldsmiths’ College, 1985–8. Took part in many mixed shows, including Showroom, 1987; Show and Tell, Riverside Studios, 1988; and Multiples, Hirschl & Adler Modern, New York, 1990. Had solo show at Gray Art Gallery, New York, and Karsten Schubert Ltd, both 1989; Studio Marconi, Milan, and Tanja Grunert, Cologne, both 1990. In 1992 Landy’s installation Closing Down Sale, at Karsten Schubert, used the paraphernalia of low selling to reflect the recession in the art market with a garish wit. Scraphead Services, at Tate Gallery in 1999, was an installation of mannequins. In 2001, Landy made news by destroying all his possessions in a specially made grinder inside the old C&A building in Oxford Street. Break Down was “all about society’s romance with consumerism.” Landy’s first solo show at Maureen Paley/Interim Art, in 2002, coincided with the publication by The Paragon Press of the Nourishment Portfolio, etchings of resilient weeds in urban settings. In 2004 Landy was commissioned to provide a new work for Tate Britain’s Duveen Galleries. The installation was a replica of his parents’ house made with and about his father who, after injuring himelf, remained confined to home.

and of SSWA in 1994. Also showed at RSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, Aberdeen Artists’ Society, Scottish Sculpture Workshop and Scottish Art Exhibition at Gatwick Airport, 1986. In 1996 was included in a three-artist show at Kingfisher Gallery, Edinburgh. Commissions included portraits and the Scottish Junior Rugby Trophy for the Royal Bank of Scotland. The Will H Ogilvie Memorial near Ashkirk, Roxburghshire, was completed in 1994, the Ogilvie Memorial at Bourke, New South Wales, Australia, in 1995.

Painter, born in Blackpool, Lancashire, who studied at Düsseldorf Kunstakademie, Germany, 1998–9. He took part in group shows, including Civilia, Bluecoat Gallery, Liverpool, and East International, Norwich (in which he won the EASTwork 2004 award), both 2003, and John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 2004. Among Landoni’s solo exhibitions were the project Untitled, Cologne, and Düsseldorf Kunstakemie, 1999; Wunderland International 3, Manchester, 2001; Coma, Parkhaus, Düsseldorf, 2002; and Museum 52, 2004. Christopher LANDONI 1972–

Alex LANDRUM 1955– Painter, born in Wallasey, Cheshire, who studied fine arts at Leeds Polytechnic, 1984–7; at Chelsea College of Art, 1987–8 and 1989–90, where he gained the Burston Award and received his master’s degree in history of art and sculpture; and at Goldsmiths’ College, 1990–2. Landrum’s works included Minimalist diptychs in household paints, the artist considering his pictures mainly objects, “images of sculpture”. He was included in Young British Artists, Saatchi Gallery, 1992; Mandy Loves Declan 100%, Mark Boote Gallery, New York, 1993; Moby Dick, John Hansard Gallery, Southampton, 1996; and John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1997–8. Had a solo show at Lisson Gallery, 1992, later ones including Perfect Accident, The Tannery, 1996. Lived in London.

Abigail LANE 1967– Sculptor, born in Penzance, Cornwall. She studied at Bristol Polytechnic, 1985–6, then Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1986–9. Participated in the group show Freeze in 1988, then others in Britain, continental Europe and America. In 1993–4 she was part of the Arts Council’s touring exhibition Recent British Sculpture. Had a solo show at Karsten Schubert Ltd in collaboration with Interim Art, another at Victoria Miro, 1998. Lived in London. Another exhibition there, 2001, extended “her preoccupation with the fantastical, the Gothic and the uncanny through a trio of arresting and theatrical installations based around film projections.”

Michael LANDY 1963– Artist who employed various

Christopher LANE 1929– Sculptor, ceramist and media including photography, born in London. He teacher, born in Gloucestershire, who studied at studied at Loughton College of Art, 1979–81, Reading University and Royal College of Art. He Loughborough College of Art, 1981–3, then taught at Berkshire and St Alban’s Colleges of Art, 16

then at Reading University. Exhibited at Woodstock, Bear Lane in Oxford and Reading Municipal Galleries, at ICA, AIA, Wadham College in Oxford and University of Wales, Bangor. Some of Lane’s work shown in London Artists, Shrewsbury School, in 1968 was “concerned with an interest in the power of recreation in nature”.

which he was a member, RI, RWS, RCamA, PS, widely elsewhere in England and at Paris Salon, where he won an Hon. Mention in 1951. From 1959 Lang lived in South Africa, initially based in Cape Town, but otherwise a nomad. He showed generally with The Everard Read Gallery in Johannesburg; it included Lang in its Eric Heilbronner exhibition in 1981, about the time that it lost touch with Lang. Lang’s wife Madge executed the sculpture of a gold prospector in front of Corner House, Johannesburg.

Painter, teacher and photographer, born in Mwanza, Tanganyika, who studied at Oxford University, 1948–51, after the Royal Navy. Lane attended Slade School of Fine Art, full- and part-time, 1952–5; taught at Haileybury public school for three years; developed fine art photography for three years; then taught at Christ’s Hospital, 1961–85. From 1961–9 he worked with Nell Todd at the art school there, “a genius of a teacher of all ages”. His exhibitions included Young Contemporaries, RA, Christ’s Hospital Arts Centre in 1970s and Woodstock Gallery, 1982. Latterly lived at Falstone, Hexham, Northumberland. His work is in private collections in Britain, France and America. Richard LANE

1926–

Margaret LANG 1936– Printmaker and teacher who

studied at Oldham School of Art, 1952–4, St Martin’s School of Art, 1954–6, and Manchester College of Art, 1956–7, becoming a lecturer in art and design at Wirral Metropolitan College. Showed in northwest of England, including Artists of Wirral at Williamson Art Gallery, Birkenhead, and in Etching at the Bluecoat, Liverpool, both 1984; and Merseyside Artists 3, toured by Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, 1986–7. Wharton LANG 1925– Sculptor in wood, son of Faust

Lang, also a wood sculptor, and born in Oberammergau, Bavaria. He was educated at Newquay Grammar School, then attended St Ives School of Painting with Leonard Fuller, 1946, and privately with his father, 1946–9. Eventually took over father’s studio at Mount Zion, St Ives, Cornwall. Was a member of RSMA and SWLA and was included in Artists from Cornwall, RWA, 1992. Ulster Museum in Belfast and National Maritime Museum in Greenwich hold his work.

Richard Patrick LANE 1922– Painter, notably of landscape, who studied at Shrewsbury Art School and Anglo-French Art Centre. Took part in mixed exhibitions including RA and London Artists at Shrewsbury School, 1968. Lived for a time in London.

Daniel LANG 1935– Painter who was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma, in America. He was educated at the North-Western University, the University of Tulsa and University of Iowa. He showed at William Hardie Gallery in Glasgow. Work is represented in many public collections, including the Metropolitan Museum and the Museum of Modern Art, New York, and the Hunterian Art Gallery, Glasgow. Lang was a frequent visitor to Scotland, dividing his time between New York and his home in Montone, Umbria.

Painter who was educated at St Paul’s Girls’ School. Miss Langdon was a student at Vicat Cole and Byam Shaw Schools of Art. She showed at RA, ROI, RBA, in the provinces and at Paris Salon and had a solo show at Arlington Gallery. She painted in the St Ives area of Cornwall and lived for some time in London. Beatrice LANGDON 1898–1986

George LANG 1902– Self-taught painter and David LANGDON 1914– Cartoonist and advertising illustrator, a perfectionist for detail, born in London draughtsman who came to prominence during where he lived for many years. Showed RMS of World War II as an officer in the Royal Air Force, 17

holding various positions on Air Force Commemorative Award at 1995 and 1996 National publications. Was also cartoon adviser to Kemsley Print Exhibitions respectively. Langford was a Newspapers, 1943–5. Educated in London and a member of the RE. Other shows included member of a number of clubs there, such as the Alternative Arts; Springfield Park, Hackney; London Sketch Club and Savage Club. Exhibited Bankside Gallery; For Art’s Sake, Easling; and in provinces, Switzerland and America, but best Will’s Art Warehouse. In 2002 Langford had a solo known for numerous cartoons in many show at Printspace, having in that year gained the publications, ranging from Punch and Lilliput to National Print Exhibition Printspace Award. He New Yorker and Evening Standard. His lived in Northolt, Middlesex. publications include Home Front Lines and The Rembert LANGHAM 1941– Painter, sculptor, modelWay I See It. Lived at Southgate, Middlesex. maker, designer and teacher, born in Somerset. Edgar Mortimer LANGDON 1892–1972 Painter in oil, Trained at Bristol Technical School, 1955–60; pastel and watercolour and lecturer by profession. Birmingham College of Art, 1968–9, Falmouth He was born in Hampstead, north London, and School of Art, 1969–72, and Goldsmiths’ College, studied at Clifton College, Bristol. Showed at RBA, 1972–3. In 1977 he gained a postgraduate RI, NS, SGA, MAFA and Paris Salon and lived at scholarship to Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture in Maine, America. Langham had a Watford, Hertfordshire. varied career. He designed and built an adventure Ilona LANGDORF-JAFFE fl. from 1970s– Artist, born playground in Ealing, 1973; taught at Yaba College in Cracow, Poland, who studied at Port Elizabeth of Technology, Lagos, Nigeria, 1980; designed for Art School, South Africa, under Joan Wright, a number of trade exhibitions, such as the Sea Trade Alexandeer Podlushuc and Robert Brooks. She Fair, Barbican, 1983; and in that year worked on settled in England at Bournemouth, Dorset. Her the film Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, solo exhibitions included Galerie Holzinger, creating a mechanical model of a Megasoma Munich, 1982–6; Le Rouette, Paris, 1986; and Elephas Beetle, also working on television Zamlodzi, Johannesburg, 1988–89. She was commercials. Fine art exhibitions included St included in Form and Colour, Congress of Polish Helens National Sculpture Competition, Culture Exhibition of Fine Arts by Polish Artists Lancashire, 1974; Wapping Artists Open Studios in Britain, POSK Gallery, 1995. from 1979; and Talent Store Gallery, 1981. Painter of stylised figures and landscapes, born in Los Angeles, California, America, who studied in the state at San Jose State College. She showed in group and solo exhibitions in Los Angeles and San Francisco and received private and corporate commissions. Lange-Grant moved to London in 1983, where she worked in oil and oil pastel on paper, drawing on what she observed and her imagination. Her work was chosen for the RA Summer Exhibition in 1986. Lindy LANGE-GRANT 1945–

Painter, designer and teacher, born and lived in Exeter. She studied at Royal Albert Memorial School of Art there, 1928– 30, then Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1930– 2, and showed at RI, RWA, RSA and in the provinces. RWA and a number of West Country churches and Exeter Cathedral hold her work.

Mary LANGHORNE 1909–

LANGLANDS & BELL Artists in various media. Ben Langlands was born 1955 and Nikki Bell in 1959, both in London, where they lived. Graduated with Martin LANGFORD 1970– Printmaker, notable for honours from Middlesex Polytechnic, 1977–80. his mezzotints in a modern idiom, born in Kingston Took part in many mixed shows, including Red upon Thames, Surrey. He was educated at Central Ashes, University of Reading, 1978; Sainsbury St Martin’s and Plymouth University. Won the Centre for the Visual Arts, Norwich, 1980; Gwen May Student Award and Gwen May Bookworks from 1986; Interim Art, 1990, and 18

widely overseas. Solo shows began with Traces of Living, Interim Art, 1986; later appearances including same venue and Valentina Moncada, Rome, both 1991; Serpentine Gallery, 1996–7 and tour; New Art Centre Sculpture Park & Gallery, East Winterslow, 2001; and Alan Cristea Gallery and Petworth House, Sussex, both 2002. The House of Osama bin Laden, at Imperial War Museum in 2003, followed a commission to record post-war Afghanistan, including a visit to the Al Qaeda terrorist group leader’s home at Daruntah. In 2004, Langlands & Bell were shortlisted for the Turner Prize. Saatchi Collection holds their work.

mixed shows in Britain and abroad, including Camden Annual, 1985; Galerie Hilger, Vienna, 1986; Peter de Francia and his students, Camden Arts Centre, 1987; The Discerning Eye, Mall Galleries, 1991; and Bruton Street Gallery, 1992. Solo shows began with Battersea Arts Centre, 1982, later ones comprising Central Saint Martins and Etchings and Monotypes, Le Chat Noir Art Exhibitors, 1991. While in Langley’s work a figure or townscape may be discerned, it is reinvented with the freedom of abstraction, vigorous brushwork and gently modulating colours conveying energy and poetry.

Sculptor, mainly in wood, carved stone and metal. He was born in Cape Town, South Africa, and attended Suffolk College, 1991–3, studying for an honours degree in art and design at University of Wolverhampton from 1994. He assisted the sculptor Bernard Reynolds, also Deirdre Saunder, in America. Langley’s work was “an exploration of human psychological and emotional states as well as religion”, influences, among others being “Dalí, Buddhism, Pacheco, Medieval carving and Christian art.” Exhibitions included The Waterlily Foundation in Cambridge, The Art Show at Alexandra Palace and Ipswich Art Society Annual Exhibition, all 1994; and Ipswich Open (commended by Maggi Hambling), at Christchurch Mansion, in Ipswich, Suffolk, where he lived, 1995. In 1994, Langley had work commissioned for Thomas Wolsey Special School.

Painter and printmaker, educated at St Andrew’s, Eastbourne. She studied at Bolt Court, 1943–6, with Sidney Tushingham; at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts 1946–9, teachers including Victor Pasmore and William Coldstream; Brighton College of Art, 1955–7; then Brighton Polytechnic, 1958. Showed with PS; LG; Leicester, Redfern and Wertheim Galleries; and had a series of solo exhibitions. Died in Hove, Sussex.

Christopher LANGLEY 1972–

Winifred Norah LANGLEY 1906–1991

Rowland LANGMAID 1897–1956 Painter and printmaker specialising in marine subjects, commissioned in the Royal Navy, rising to lieutenant-commander. He studied with the sea painter W L Wyllie. Showed extensively at Abbey Gallery, RA and Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool. Among prints of his pictures published by W R Deighton & Sons were HMS Victory in Portsmouth Harbour and HMS Victory Under Sail. Accuracy Jane LANGLEY 1959– Painter, teacher and of detail was a characteristic of Langmaid’s work. printmaker, born in London. She did a foundation Lived in London. course at Chelsea School of Art, 1977–8, graduating with an honours degree in fine art from Dorothie LANGRIDGE: see Dorothie Field Camberwell School of Art, 1978–81. Between Sonia LANGRIDGE 1923– Painter, printmaker and 1982–5 she obtained her master’s degree in teacher, born in Derby. She studied at Hornsey painting from Royal College of Art, along the way School of Art, 1938–9, Derby School of Art, 1939– being artist-in-residence at Battersea Arts Centre, 43, then Slade School of Fine Art, 1943–4, where 1982, and winning the Henry Moore Prize for her teachers included Allan Gwynne-Jones and painting in 1984. She taught at Byam Shaw School George Charlton. She went on to teach, in the 1940s of Art, 1990–1 and in 1991 gained a Sotheby’s and 1950s holding positions at Loughborough Fellowship from Central Saint Martins College of College School of Art, then at Croydon High Art. From 1980 she exhibited in a wide range of 19

School. Showed at Nottingham Castle Art Gallery and Museum, Blackpool’s Grundy Art Gallery and elsewhere. Lived in London.

resumed his professional career as a painter, living in Bath, Somerset. Showed solo at Bath International Festival in 1994, in 1995 contributing to John Moores Liverpool Exhibition.

Painter, born in York, who trained at the local Art School and at Guildford, 1949–53. He continuously changed style and technique, 1960s abstraction giving way to figuration and narrative, with a return to the tranquillity of the formal garden and landscape in the 1990s. In the 40 years from 1961 he had nearly 70 shows, many in Germany, carried out a number of commissions in Europe and had work acquired by several public collections. The University of York made Langton an artist fellow in 1978, awarding him an honorary doctorate in 1995. Later shows included The Slow surfacing of a profound Delight, Bruton Gallery, Leeds, 2000. John LANGTON 1932–

Andrea LANSLEY 1960– Painter, born in Manchester.

She studied at Wirral College of Art and Design, 1987–8, and Liverpool Polytechnic, 1988–91. As a student prizewinner at Wirral she held a solo show at Williamson Art Gallery, Birkenhead, 1988. She was also a prizewinner in John Moores Exhibition, Liverpool, 1991–2. Other appearances included Whitworth Young Contemporaries, 1989, and Fresh Art Fair, Islington, 1991. Lived in West Kirby, Merseyside.

Painter of abstracts, born in Salford, Lancashire, who gained a firstclass honours degree in fine art, painting, at St Martin’s School of Art, 1979–82. Mixed shows included New Contemporaries at ICA, 1981; John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1982–3, at Walker Art Gallery; LG Open, Royal College of Art, 1987; Boundaries, Museum & Art Gallery, Brighton, 1995; and Cross Currents, Reed’s Wharf Gallery at Barbican Centre, 1996, where Lansley showed paintings done in Ireland. These used an organic or calligraphic figure laid pattern-like across the surface or selectively obscured by a simplifying veil or screen.

Erica Faith LANSLEY 1961–

Watercolourist and draughtsman who was by profession a physician. Born in Little Bookham, Surrey, was educated at Haileybury and Cambridge University, then studied medicine at St Thomas’s Hospital, in London. Just after World War II while serving in the Army in Palestine he became interested in painting, but had little formal tuition. Showed RWS and with Guildford Art Society. Lived in Milford-on-Sea, Hampshire. Lionel LANKESTER 1904–

Richard LANNOY 1928– Painter, photographer and

writer, born in Surrey, whose main works were large figurative paintings and triptychs in oil. In these he sought “to recreate past experiences of particularly heightened reality, especially from years spent travelling the world as a reportage photographer in the 1950s and 1960s, in a visionary style”. Lannoy was taught by Paul Feiler at school; then attended Guildford Art School under Frederick Brill and Heatherley School of Art. He was on the founding staff of ICA, 1950–2, initiator of the Independent Group in the latter year. Was then a freelance photographer for magazines in Europe, the Middle East, Africa and India, publishing several books of his photographs. His The Speaking Tree, a study of Indian culture and society published in 1971, long remained in print. In 1984 Lannoy

Artist in oil, film and photography and producer of books, born in Cornwall, son of the painter Peter Lanyon. After an early enthusiasm for photography Lanyon studied at London School of Film Technique in 1966. He worked with film and photography and then turned to painting and making books, the first being Snap, in 1970. Other titles included The Vanishing Cabinet, Paul Feiler, Peter Lanyon 1918–1964 and an Art-Fi series: Deadpan, Second Nature, The Loose Connection, The Unjustified Text and The Quick Change Act. Lanyon’s pictures were often on a small scale, with a wry quality, as in his entries for Artists from Cornwall, at RWA, 1992. The Book Gallery, St Ives, held exhibitions, including 1998, of paintings and hollow books. Andrew LANYON 1947–

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Lanyon’s retrospective 100 Hollow Books was held at bookartbookshop in 2003. He was a Newlyn Society of Artists member. British Council, Contemporary Art Society and St Ives Museum hold examples. Lived in Newlyn, Penzance, Cornwall.

degree in physics at Queen Mary College, 1976. Went on to teach physics, eventually lecturing at Truro College. He shared shows at Gordon Hepworth Gallery, Newton St Cyres in 1991–2, then had a first solo exhibition there in 1993. Lived in St Agnes, Cornwall.

Deborah LANYON 1958– Painter and draughtsman, born and lived in London, who worked with acrylic, collage and mixed media and who travelled in Italy, France and Greece, which “challenged fresh ways of seeing”. Lanyon’s landscapes indicated her interest in music and dance and “a need to express rhythm”. They were richly coloured, with a leaning towards abstraction. Studied at St Martin’s School of Art, 1977–8; under Geri Morgan at Byam Shaw School of Art, 1979–81, which underlined Lanyon’s commitment to drawing; then, after work in the BBC design department, 1982–6, at Putney School of Art, 1986–90; working in Oliver Bevan’s studio, 1991–4. Had a solo show at Milne & Moller, 1993, later ones including Pike Gallery, 1995, and Archeus Fine Art, from 1996, and Gallery 286, 2003.

The eldest son of the painter Peter Lanyon, Matthew was born in St Ives, left Cornwall and attended Leicester University. From 1973 he travelled in Greece, Turkey and Italy, two years later visiting India, Sri Lanka and Nepal. He returned to Cornwall in 1985 and began working as a painter in 1988, his father as an influence, although his semi-abstract, Expressionist works had an individual quality. Lanyon’s pictures were included in John Davies’s Summer Exhibition at Stow-on-the-Wold and Upper Swell Farm in 2004. He was then “working with landscape and mythology. Two figures – male and female, and sea. It’s a way to explore something, coming again to places I experienced as a child, moving between the symbolic, the imaginary and the real.” Matthew LANYON 1951–

Painter of landscapes Jo LANYON 1957– Jo was the fourth son of the leaning heavily towards abstraction, printmaker, painter Peter Lanyon, a self-taught artist whose making some constructions, pottery and collage; mixed-media works were included in John Davies’s also a teacher. Born in St Ives, Cornwall, which 2004 Summer Exhibition at Stow-on-the-Wold and remained his base, Lanyon after school had lessons Upper Swell. His visual references were St Ives in painting from Borlase Smart in 1936, in 1936– artists, including his father, who used “abstraction 7 attending Penzance School of Art, had lessons as a method and the landscape experience as a for a time at the Euston Road School in 1938, and source.” Jo Lanyon explained that “from walking was encouraged or taught by Ben Nicolson, Adrian the north and south coasts of Cornwall and Devon, Stokes and Naum Gabo. Made first constructions mostly circular, so that I can confine myself to a 1939–40, then from 1940–5 served with Royal Air certain area, I take in as much visual information Force. First one-man show at Lefevre Gallery, as I can. This information I then formulate in my 1949. He was to exhibit internationally in mixed mind’s eye. This process may take many weeks or exhibitions, including West Country Landscape, even months, before I actually physically start Arts Council tour, 1953; Metavisual, Tachiste, painting. The marks I make have to be informed Abstract, Redfern Gallery, 1957; and British Painting in the Sixties, Tate Gallery, 1963. Also before the painting process can begin.” extensive one-man shows in Britain and abroad. Martin LANYON 1954– Artist mainly in college and Founder member of the Crypt Group, 1946; gouache, son of the painter Peter Lanyon; their Penwith Society, 1949; taught at Bath Academy paintings shared a strong gestural quality. Born in of Art, 1950–7; elected member of the Newlyn Redruth, Cornwall, Martin Lanyon was a self- Society, 1953; and ran the St Peter’s Loft Art taught painter, obtaining Bachelor of Science School, St Ives, with William Redgrave, 1955–60. Peter LANYON 1918–1964

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Lanyon’s first one-man show in New York in 1957 was well received, brought him the friendship of Mark Rothko and made Lanyon impatient with the restricted world of St Ives. But he took up gliding in 1959 to get to know better the Cornish landscape, and this brought to his work a greater feeling of sea and air and brightened his palette. Died in Taunton, Somerset, as the result of injuries received in a gliding accident; his death was a severe blow to Cornish painting. Lanyon’s work is in many public galleries, including the Tate. Retrospective at Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester, 1978, and South Bank Centre, 1992, both with tour. Gimpel Fils, which gave Lanyon his first solo exhibition in 1952, and continued to represent his estate, held an exhibition in 2003 and in the same year Scolar Fine Art one of work on paper. The artists Matthew, Andrew, Martin and Jo Lanyon were his sons.

colourful form of Cubism. He completed a mural for British Rail for the King’s Cross Thameslink Station. Large had a house in Malta, as well as Woburn, Buckinghamshire, and his work is held by National Gallery and British Consulate in Malta.

Artist born in Wallasey, Cheshire, who began painting during National Service in the Royal Air Force, then studied at Liverpool College of Art, 1960–4, and Royal College of Art, 1964–7. After working as a teacher, carver and letter-cutter, Large painted full-time from 1983, based in Watchet, Somerset. While at the Royal College Large won a landscape prize, the year after winning a life painting prize at RA. Mixed exhibitions included Piccadilly Gallery, 1967; Eye Gallery, Bristol, 1987; Bruton Street Gallery, from 1991; White Lane Gallery, Plymouth, 1992; and David Holmes Contemporary Art, Peterborough, 1996, where in a St Ives show Large exhibited pictures partly collaged with thick paint, forming blocks of discordant colour. Showed solo with Salthouse Gallery, St Ives, from 1986, later exhibitions including University of Surrey, 1992, and Plumbline Gallery, St Ives, 1995. Roger LARGE 1939–

George LARGE 1936– Painter in watercolour and oil

and teacher, born in London. He studied at Hornsey College of Art, 1958–63, teachers including Maurice de Sausmarez, John Titchell and Alfred Daniels. Large spent some time in the display department of Simpson’s, Piccadilly, was part-time at Hornsey College of Art, then head of department at St Julian Comprehensive School in St Albans. Large showed 1963–87 with SWE, being vicepresident in 1972 and treasurer in 1984; with RE, 1963–5; with RI from 1983, becoming a member in 1986 and its archivist; and was also made a member of the RBA in 1997. Large was winner of the Winsor & Newton Award, 1989; he won the Llewellyn Alexander and St Cuthbert’s Mill Awards in 1999; and the Arts Club Award in 2003. He had a solo show at Mall Galleries in 1980, later one-man exhibitions including Duncan Campbell Fine Art from 1990. In 2000, Goldmark Gallery, Uppingham, showed Large’s work, at the same time releasing its documentary film on him, Trust Me I’m An Artist. There was another Goldmark George Large exhibition in 2003. Edward Burra and Stanley Spencer were the main influences on Large’s work, which always had people as its theme, at work or leisure, linked to their surroundings. It was an easily recognisable,

Painter, notably of portraits, and teacher, born in Rudgwick, Sussex. He attended Christ’s Hospital and worked briefly in an engineering draughtsman’s office before gaining the Christopher Head Scholarship to Royal Academy Schools, 1923, studying under Charles Sims and F E Jackson. He later studied at Académie Julian in Paris before returning to London to become a pupil of Sir John Lavery. The economic depression prompted Larking to move to Canada in 1930, where he showed regularly with the Royal Canadian Academy, married Betty Burnham in 1935 and then returned to England. Larking was a keen teacher, at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art and from 1949–67 at Sir John Cass School of Art. He then retired and moved to Colyton, Devon, where he lived in a small thatched cottage and held some classes, painting local characters and the landscape. Larking died shortly after his wife. A convivial man, he was a stalwart of the Chelsea Arts Club for over 50 years, being elected a life Patrick LARKING 1907–1981

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School of Art for three years, obtaining a scholarship to Slade School of Fine Art. From 1960–3 showed at Temple and Redfern Galleries and Selfridges Art Gallery, then became resident artist/designer at Shepperton Film Studios, where he contributed to the production of over 40 feature films, including Roman Polanski’s Macbeth and Charles Chaplin’s final film, The Freak. Larn taught from 1983–91 at Leicester Polytechnic, from 1988 as part-time head of department. Enduring influences on his work were Turner’s late paintings, German Expressionism, Max Ernst and the work of some early French Surrealists. Exploration of forms drawn with a pen were a key part of Larn’s 1978–93 retrospective at Gagliardi Gallery, 1994. Lived in Thames Ditton, Surrey.

member in 1972. Larking was made a member of NS in 1947 (honorary member, 1971), ROI in 1951 and RP in 1965. Also showed at RBA and RA. A studio sale of Larking’s work was held at Christie’s, South Kensington, in 1982. Printmaker, painter and teacher who was educated at Bishop’s Stortford College, having been born in east London, subject of much of his work. Studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art and was a visiting teacher at Croydon School of Art. In the 1930s worked for the advertising agency J Walter Thompson; during World War II formed a company to make films on aircraft and tank recognition; after the war for over 20 years working for Reader’s Digest Association. Showed at RE, RA, NEAC and abroad. In 1979 Garton and Cooke held an exhibition of his etchings, which are held by British Museum and Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge. Lived in London for many years. William Martin LARKINS 1901–1974

Painter, sculptor and teacher, born in Copenhagen, Denmark. He studied at Birmingham College of Art, 1969–72, and Royal College of Art, 1972–5. For some years he taught alternative studies at South Glamorgan Institute for Higher Education. His mixed show appearances included Documenta 6, Kassel; John Moores Exhibition, Liverpool, 1991–2, where his picture Friday 7 pm used a singular personal imagery; and he also did sculptural work for the Stuttgart Garden Festival, in 1992. He had solo exhibitions in Germany, the Netherlands and America. Lived in Bristol.

Dirk LARSEN 1951–

Eric LARMONT 1943– Painter in oil, printmaker, sculptor in metal and teacher, born in South Shields, County Durham. He studied at Sunderland College of Art and Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1961–6, then at National School of Architecture and Visual Arts in Brussels, 1968–9, teachers including Anton Ehrenzweig. Those postgraduate studies were on a Belgian Government Scholarship. Larmont went on to teach part-time at Sotheby’s and Putney School of Art. Group exhibitions included Sunderland Art Gallery, 1965; Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, 1976; Liverpool Academy, 1978–80; and RA Summer Exhibitions, 1981–2. Larmont had a solo show at 273 Gallery, 1968; later ones included Galerie Blankenese, Hamburg, Germany, 1984. There was a two-man show at Jonathan Poole Gallery in 1985. Carlisle Corporation holds Larmont’s work. In late-1980s Larmont began working in seclusion for several years without showing, while continuing to sell prints privately in England and to make sales in Germany. Lived in London.

Painter, born in America, who studied at Ruskin School of Drawing, Oxford, 1971–3. She was represented in the 1985 John Moores Liverpool Exhibition and held a series of solo shows in London, where she lived.

Marthe LARSON 1954–

Felicia LARSSON 1967– Painter, born in Sweden, who graduated in fine art from Chelsea School of Art, 1992–5, obtaining a postgraduate diploma from the Slade School of Fine Art, 1995–7. She was included in the Neurotic Realism series of exhibitions launched by Saatchi Gallery in 1999, and has work in the Saatchi Collection. Lived in London.

Gerald LARN 1932– Painter, draughtsman, designer

and teacher who studied painting at Farnham

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Karolina LARUSDOTTIR 1944– Painter and printmaker, born in Reykjavik, Iceland, whose work included stylised figures in landscape. She studied at Ruskin School of Drawing, Oxford. Was a member of RE who also showed at RA Summer Exhibitions. Had solo shows in Iceland and Denmark, ones in England including Chenil and Drian Galleries, Church Street Gallery in Saffron Walden and Bankside Gallery, 2000. Lived in Bishop’s Stortford, Hertfordshire.

Society of Industrial Artists and Designers/Chartered Society of Designers and the Association of Polish Artists in Great Britain. Mixed exhibitions included Contemporary Art by Polish Artists Abroad, POSK Gallery, 1985, and she had a solo show at the Casson Gallery.

Susie LASSAM 1875– Painter of miniatures, born in

Dulwich Village, southeast London. She studied at Lambeth School of Art, Central School of Arts and Crafts and Royal College of Art. Showed at William LASDUN 1960– Sculptor and designer, who RA, SM, of which she was a member, RMS, did a foundation course at the City and Guilds Art extensively at RI and at Paris Salon. Lived near School, 1978–9, then a history of art honours Brixham, Devon. degree, University of East Anglia, 1980–3. He was a RIBA research assistant and exhibitions Marie Walker LAST 1917– Painter and printmaker, organiser, 1984; worked for English National born as Mary Walker in Scholes, Yorkshire. After Opera, including set design, 1984–7; set up a private education and boarding school and a visit model-making firm and worked on sculpture to New Zealand, during World War II she served projects, 1988–90, expanding into construction in Women’s Land Army, then as a driver for Young and design, 1990–3; from then being a full-time Men’s Christian Association. From 1946–53 lived sculptor and designer. Commissions included at home painting when possible, in latter year shortlist for Dunblane Memorial and winner of attending course in Bruges led by Jack Merriott. competition for Royal Sussex County Hospital, From 1954–6 went to summer painting courses Brighton, outdoor sculpture, both 1997, and shelter where tutors included Robert Medley, Terry Frost for New Art Centre Sculpture Park & Gallery, East and Andrew Forge, from 1955–6 attending Chelsea Winterslow, 1998. Exhibitions included Redchurch School of Art under Vivian Pitchforth and Edward Gallery, Plymouth Arts Centre and Fine Art Wakeford. She worked at New Vision Centre Society, all 1996, and Art97, Business Design Gallery, 1958–60, and began abstract painting, in 1959 having first solo show at Univision Gallery, Centre, Islington, 1997. Newcastle upon Tyne. First monoprints, to become a key feature of her output, were shown. She joined Jennifer LASH: see Jini FIENNES WIAC, became a member of Free Painters and Danuta LASKOWSKA fl. from 1950s– Artist, illustrator Sculptors and worked at Molton Gallery. In 1961 and designer, born in Warsaw, Poland, who spent married Tom Last. Subsequent years saw Marie her childhood there until settling in England in Walker Last travelling widely in Europe; having 1948. In 1952 she studied painting and illustration a first solo show in Yorkshire at Manor House, at Chelsea School of Art under Steven Sykes, Hans Ilkley, 1964, near where she was to live; producing Schleger (who worked as Zero) and Brian Robb series of pictures with themes such as Wing Form, and gained her National Diploma in Design and Sentinel Rock and Mary Rose warship raising; and Diploma in illustration. Laskowska worked on in 1988 winning first prize in the Druce Constable publicity for the cosmetics firm Elizabeth Arden, Award at Camden Arts Centre. A major exhibition also taking on a variety of commissions including was held at Leighton House in 1991 as well as a book covers and illustrations for Puffin Books, first retrospective at Dean Clough, Halifax. Her Duckworth and Heinemann and work for Marks work is held by Bank of England, Bradford Art & Spencer, Sheraton Hotels, the Polish Cultural Galleries and Museums and University of Leeds. Foundation and others. She was a member of the 24

Glenys LATHAM 1946– Sculptor and draughtsman, born in Atherton, Lancashire. She did a foundation course at Bolton College of Art, then a sculpture and life drawing diploma at Wolverhampton College of Art and a Certificate in Education at Manchester College of Art. Latham said that for her drawing had “a central and sustaining activity in my artistic endeavours – it is as relevant to my sculpture as eating is to staying alive.” She took part in Drawing Towards Sculpture at Isis Gallery, Leigh-on-Sea, in 1993. Other group shows included Turnpike Gallery, Leigh, 1979; Drumcroon Education Art Centre, Wigan, 1981, and MAFA Open annually from that year; Blackheath Gallery, 1988, and elsewhere. Solo shows included Rochdale College of Art, 1983.

Placement Group, formed in 1966 by Latham and his wife Barbara Steveni to place artists in government, commerce and industry. A major Latham exhibition at Tate Britain took place in 2005–6. Lived in London.

Wilde LATHAM 1931– Painter, born in Worcester as

Harold Victor Latham. He studied with Harry Adams at Worcester College of Art and at Malvern College of Art and lived for a time at Malvern Link, Worcestershire, being a member of Malvern Art Club, also showing elsewhere in the Midlands. From 1988, Latham painted the landscape and wildlife of Africa. He showed at Mall Galleries from 1989; with The East African Wildlife Society, in 1991 winning an award at its Whaletail Exhibition in Nairobi, Kenya; with Gallerie John LATHAM 1921–2006 Artist and teacher, born Kornye, Fort Worth, Texas, in America, 1999–01; in Africa, who studied at Chelsea School of Art, and from 1999 at the First Texas Council of Camp 1946–50. From 1966–7 he taught at St Martin’s Fire Exhibition, also in Fort Worth. Latterly lived School of Art. Latham was regarded as a pioneer in Ludlow, Shropshire. of Conceptual Art and developed his Time-Base Theory, said to contain the seeds of human William LATHAM 1961– Creator of computersalvation, and this he proselytised for many years. generated forms, born in Wallingford, Oxfordshire, Latham was sceptical about the value of books, married to the artist Belinda Channer. Latham which he called Skoob. While at St Martin’s he started painting at 13, won a scholarship to Stowe and a group of students chewed pages from the art School, a first-class degree in fine art at Oxford critic Clement Greenberg’s book Art and Culture, University and a Henry Moore Scholarship to spat the result into a bowl, the contents being Royal College of Art, 1982–5. Having started to fermented in acid and distilled into a phial. Latham create on paper a huge family tree of shapes, was dismissed, as the book had come from the Latham applied to IBM for help and was made a School library. Latham designated the phial and research fellow, 1987–94. One spin-off was his dismissal documents a work of art, acquired Mutator, a sophisticated computer programme with by Museum of Modern Art, New York. Latham many potential applications. Latham had touring had first one-man show at ICA in 1960. Began shows in Japan, Germany, Australia, France and steadily to exhibit overseas, in mixed and solo Britain. In 1995 had an exhibition of works on shows, notably in America, his work continuing cibachrome and in videos at Harriet Green Gallery in an iconoclastic vein. Retrospective at Museum which coincided with establishment of Latham’s of Modern Art, Oxford, 1991. In Freezeframe at company Computer Artworks Ltd. Lived in Lamont Gallery, 1996, relief sculpture and films Brighton, with studios there and in London. Leeds by Latham were included. In 2005, Latham had a Museums and Galleries hold his work. solo exhibition at Lisson New Space, works from Kwai LAU 1967– Artist, born in China, who attended the series God is great, which featured the sacred Wolverhampton School of Art and Royal Academy texts of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, plus new Schools. Her art, tending towards abstraction, took pieces, including one of broken glass. Tate Britain her “into unknown places … a journey towards a had just bought the archive of The Artist’s magical space that I am yet to discover”. Awards 25

included André Dunoyer de Segonzac Scholarship; Celia Walker Drawing Prize; Leverhulme Trust Award; and The Antique Collector Prize. Group exhibitions were New British Art, Mall Galleries, and RA Summer Exhibition, from 1990, in London, where the artist lived; Beyond Chinese Takeaway, Chinese Arts Centre, Manchester, 1992; Tricycle Gallery and University of Essex touring exhibition, both 1995.

was Braque. Interest in Klee and Kandinsky came later and a visit to Australia in 1986 was important. Earlier themes were concerned with the horizontal and individual isolation, later work leading on to the duality of imagine and interpretation. Mixed exhibitions included Agnew, Scottish Gallery in London and Edinburgh, Harris Museum and Art Gallery in Preston, RA, RWA, Liverpool Academy and elsewhere. Had a solo show at Broadway Gallery, Worcestershire, 1965, later ones including Scottish Gallery, 1990, and Galeries Christiane Cloots, Brussels, 1995. Rhode Island School of Design in America holds his work. Lived in Herefordshire, where there was a retrospective at The Library Gallery, The Buttercross, Leominster, in 2005. New Directions, recent paintings, had been held at The Gallery, Kidderminster Library, in 2003.

Carl LAUBIN 1947– Painter and architect, born in New York, America, who gained his architecture degree from Cornell University College of Art, Architecture and Planning in 1973, the year he moved to England. Joined the architectural and civic design firm Douglas Stephen and Partners; then Jeremy Dixon/BDP in 1984; produced paintings of the Royal Opera House project for Dixon, and began painting full-time in 1986. When Laubin had his exhibition at Wigmore Fine Arts in 1997, Gavin Stamp described him as “without doubt, the most accomplished and imaginative architectural artist working in Britain today”. As well as taking part in group shows, such as RA Summer Exhibitions; National Trust Exhibitions; A Vision of Britain, Victoria & Albert Museum, 1989; and La Ville Moderne en Europe, organised by Centre Pompidou in Tokyo, 1996, Laubin completed an impressive list of commissions. These included Château Pichon Longueville; Museum of Scotland; Museum of London (purchase); Royal Armouries; and for Linklaters and Paines his singular panorama The Square Mile. There was a solo show at Plus One Plus Two Galleries in 2002. Lived in Hitchin, Hertfordshire.

Painter in oil and watercolour, notable for landscapes, and teacher, born in Edinburgh. He studied at Chelsea School of Art and Royal College of Art, 1933–9, teachers including Robert Medley, Graham Sutherland, Gilbert Spencer and Percy Horton, serving as a pilot in Royal Air Force, 1939–45. Painted and taught in the Isle of Man and Gloucestershire, being senior lecturer in art, Liverpool, 1963–9. Earlier influences on Lauder’s work were the later work of Turner in watercolour, while in oil his influence

Painter who studied at Bournemouth & Poole College of Art and Design under Brian Graham and Peter Joyce. Launder lived in Dorset, painting landscape in a composed, singular style, with emphasis on texture and her own characteristic colour range. Exhibitions included Hyde Park Gallery, 1996; the RWA, from 1997; Gordon Hepworth Gallery, Newton St Cyres, from 1998; and Maltby Contemporary Art, Winchester, from 1999. She was included in Dorset Open Studios and Exhibitions, 2004, showing at Artworks Gallery, Portland.

June LAUNDER 1954–

Martin LAURANCE 1953– Artist working in acrylic

Kenneth LAUDER 1916–2004

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and mixed media on canvas and paper whose colourful, energetic landscapes and seascapes had a strong textural element. Laurance studied at Ipswich and Norwich Schools of Art and at the University of East Anglia. Mixed shows included RI at Mall Galleries and The One and Only Print Show, Contact Gallery, Norwich, both 1992; Three Norfolk Artists, Theatre Royal, Norwich, 1996; Eastern Open, Fermoy and Red Barn Galleries, King’s Lynn, from 1998; Recent Acquisitions, Deloitte and Touche, Zürich, Switzerland, 2000– 1; and Field Dalling Gallery, 2001. Among his later solo exhibitions were Frames Gallery, Norwich, from 1999, and The John Russell Gallery, Ipswich,

2002 and 2004.

year held a solo exhibition of Laurie’s Cabinet Paintings. The Contemporary Art Society, John LAURIE 1916– Painter and teacher, born in Aberdeen Art Gallery, Ferens Art Gallery in Hull Shrewsbury, Shropshire. He was educated in and Unilever held examples. Glasgow, then attended the School of Art there, 1933–6, and at Patrick Allan-Fraser School of Art, William LAURIE 1921– Painter, printmaker and Hospitalfield, Arbroath, 1938–40, with James teacher, born in Birmingham. He studied at the Cowie. Won RSA Carnegie Travelling Scholarship College of Art there under Harold Holden, 1937– in 1939. He was for periods a lecturer at Glasgow 41, then in 1948 at University of Florence. Showed School of Art and a lecturer for the Arts Council. at Archer Gallery and elsewhere. Lived in London. Exhibited RSA, SSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and elsewhere. A number of his works, Anna LAURY 1917– Artist, born in Cracow, Poland, including a portrait of James Cowie, were who moved to England in 1940, settling in London. She began painting in 1978, attending Putney reproduced. Lived in Glasgow. School of Art for drawing, life drawing, painting Kathleen Frances LAURIE 1900– Painter and English and etching classes. Laury had solo exhibitions at teacher who was for some years involved in POSK Gallery in 1987 and 1994 and in 1995 was psychiatric social care work. She was brought up included in its show Form and Colour, Congress in Ceylon and was educated at London University of Polish Culture Exhibition of Fine Arts by Polish and London School of Economics. Only in 1946– Artists in Britain. 7 did she attend Oxford Art School, then 1947–9 Ruskin School of Drawing there, her teachers Alfred J LAVENDER 1899–1966 Painter, illustrator, including Peter Greenham, Albert Rutherston and printmaker and teacher, born at Gosforth, Percy Horton. Favouring watercolour and wash Northumberland. He was educated at Bede drawings, Laurie exhibited widely, including College, Durham University, and at Newcastle Oxford Art Society, RWA, RA and ROI. Lived in University Art Department. From 1927–64 was a teacher at Swansea Grammar School and part-time Beckenham, Kent. lecturer at Swansea College of Art. Showed at Simon LAURIE 1964– Maker of wooden RCamA, SWG, London Sketch Club and with constructions, watercolourist and collagist, born Swansea Art Society, of which for a time he was in Glasgow. He studied at the School of Art there, secretary. Illustrated the book A Guide to Gower, 1983–8, gaining his fine art degree and completing by J M Williams, published in 1965. Lived in postgraduate studies. In 1990 he was prize winner Swansea for many years but died in Cambridge. at the Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. Laurie’s great preoccupation was with the sea and Cyril LAVENSTEIN 1891–1986 Painter and teacher, man’s relationship with it over thousands of years. born in Birmingham, who was especially noted for From 1987 he began to show in many group his watercolours and pastels of Cornish coastal exhibitions: at New Generation at Mercury Gallery scenes. At the age of 11 he entered Birmingham in London and Edinburgh; Sue Rankin Gallery; in School of Art, then strongly under the influence 1989 at New Scottish Art at Barbizon Gallery, of the Arts and Crafts Movement, where his studies Glasgow, and Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh; and included subjects such as stained glass and where in 1990 at Surrealist Tendencies at Open Circle, fellow-students included Gerald Leslie Brockhurst Glasgow. In 1991 Laurie had a one-man show at and Henry Rushbury. Lavenstein was among the Mercury Gallery. Later shows included the RSW most distinguished students, winning a bronze and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, of medal in 1908 and a silver in 1910. Went on to both of which he was a member, and 200 Years of teach at Kidderminster School of Art, having served Scottish Painting, Panter & Hall, 2003, which that as a driver in Salonika in World War I, remaining 27

at the School until 1954. Exhibited RA, NEAC, RSA, Paris Salon and elsewhere. In 1930 was elected a member of RBSA, which in 1938 exhibited his works. A second Birmingham exhibition in 1984 led to a television documentary about his life and work. Lived in Kidderminster, Worcestershire.

Lawrence Alloway he showed at ICA in 1960 in a two-man exhibition with Peter Hobbs; was in New London Situation at Marlborough Fine Art in 1961; then in 1962 had first solo show at Grabowski Gallery. A French Government Scholarship took Law to France in 1961–2, after which he returned to England and designed furniture, began his black series of paintings and became a visiting lecturer at Exeter School of Art, 1964–7. Law began to extend his exhibiting internationally and won a series of awards, including several from Arts Council. Selected solo exhibitions included a series at Lisson Gallery, from 1971; Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, 1974; Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1977; and Karsten Schubert, 1989. Tate Gallery and Arts Council hold his work. Law lived in Twickenham, Middlesex, in a house built to his own design, returning to Cornwall in 1997, buying a studio and house in Penzance. He was regularly involved in group shows and had a one-man exhibition at Newlyn Art Gallery in 1999 which toured to Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge. In the last few years Law returned to drawing and etching, using kiss and cross symbols. Although he suffered from Dupuytren’s Contracture, restricting finger movement, he worked until he died.

Mixed-media artist and organiser of workshops in England and Ireland, Lavery completed her foundation certificate at University of Ulster, Belfast, in 1988. After gaining a degree in fine art from Newcastle upon Tyne Polytechnic in 1991 she won her master’s in fine art from Birmingham Institute of Art and Design in 1994. In 1993 she received the Great Britain and Northern Ireland Humanities Bursary. Showed in the northeast of England, in London and Ireland. Appearances included No Access at Ross’ Court, Belfast, 1992; Vessels at Eagle Works Gallery, Wolverhampton; and in that year Works on Paper and Beyond the Partitions, both put on by Queen Street Studios, Belfast, with which she was associated. Barbara LAVERY fl. from early 1990s–

Painter and teacher, born in Kilmaurs, Ayrshire. Studied at Glasgow School of Art, 1890–6, under Fra Newbery, then in Paris for a year. He continued to live in Glasgow, taught for many years at the School of Art and was a member of Glasgow Art Club. Exhibited RSA extensively, also at Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, Paris Salon and in the English provinces. Art galleries in Southport, Paisley and Glasgow hold his work. Andrew LAW 1873–1967

Artist and lecturer, born in Bexleyheath, Kent, sometimes known by her maiden name Deborah Treliving. She studied at Bath Academy of Art, 1969–73, under Adrian Heath, Peter Kinley and Frank Auerbach. Law said of her work that it was “small- and medium-scale, abstract, richly coloured and textured prints in a wide range of techniques, depicting a strong sense Bob LAW 1934–2004 Designer, painter, draughtsman, printmaker, poet and teacher, born in Brentford, of place and a reflective calm. A visit to Japan in Middlesex. He was apprenticed as an architectural 1999 had a profound influence.” She lectured at designer, 1949–52, studying subjects such as South Devon College in printmaking and was a geometry, perspective drawing and ornithology at full member of the Devon Guild of Craftsmen. night school. After two years’ National Service, in Group shows included Printmakers’ Council 1955 Law began painting in watercolour. He National Open Print Exhibition, 1997; Nagi Moca moved to St Ives, Cornwall, in 1957, where he Museum of Contemporary Art, Japan, 1999; and learned to pot, began writing poetry and made the Imperial Hotel, Osaka, 2001. Had a solo exhibition first of his field drawings and paintings, paralleling at Daiwa Foundation, Japan House, London, 2000; American Minimalist art. Encouraged by the critic and in 2001 at Plymouth Arts Centre, the Ariel Deborah LAW 1951–

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Centre in Totnes, Plough Arts Centre Gallery in Ruth LAW: see Ruth WOODBRIDGE Torrington and Royal Albert Memorial Museum, Putrisha LAWLER 1959– Artist who graduated with Exeter. Lived in Torquay, Devon. honours from Middlesex Polytechnic, 1979–82, John LAW 1941– Abstract sculptor in various gaining her master’s at Royal College of Art, 1983– materials, and teacher, born in London. He studied 6. Took part in British Drawing, Hayward Gallery, at Bath Academy of Art, Corsham, 1960–3, then 1982; Whitechapel Open, Whitechapel Art Gallery, at Royal Academy of Fine Art, The Hague, 1983; Romantic Visions, Camden Arts Centre, Netherlands Government Scholarship, 1963–4. 1988; and in 1989 both Ways of Telling, Mostyn Returned to teach at Bath Academy, and was a Gallery in Llandudno and tour, and East End Open visiting lecturer at Reading University and Leeds Studios, at Cable Street Studios. Polytechnic. Exhibitions included Constructions, Unit-Series-Progressions, Arts Council Gallery, Inger LAWRANCE 1930– Versatile artist, notable as Cambridge, 1967; Biennale de Menton, Menton, a printmaker, born in Copenhagen, Denmark, who and Kunstmesse, Düsseldorf, both 1974; moved to the United Kingdom in 1950. In the 1960s Constructive Rationale, Polytechnic of Central she undertook a painting and printing diploma at London, 1978; and Non-Standard Constructions, Goldsmiths’ College, then a postgraduate course Museum of Modern Art, Oxford/Gardner Centre there in metal construction under Kenneth Martin. In 1984 she was awarded a Churchill Memorial Gallery, University of Sussex, Brighton, 1980. Travelling Fellowship, studying woodblock Margie LAW 1966– Painter who gained an honours printing in Japan and America, about that time degree from Glasgow School of Art, 1986–90. having her first solo shows in Cologne, Germany, Group shows included SSA and Royal Glasgow and Tokyo. British one-man exhibitions included Institute of the Fine Arts, both 1996; Art Exposure Scottish Gallery, Edinburgh; Teiko University of Christmas Show, 1997–8; and Aberdeen Artists’ Japan, in the northeast of England; and Harlequin Society 64th Exhibition, 1998. Law was one of 3 Gallery, 2002. Lawrance’s work, which was Painters at Roger Billcliffe Gallery, Glasgow, 1999. abstract and inspired by the natural world, is in the Victoria & Albert Museum collection. Lawrance Roger LAW 1941– Artist and designer, born in ran the Windmill Hole Studio at Berwick-uponCambridgeshire who in the 1960s studied at Tweed, Northumberland. Cambridge School of Art. He was included in Situation at RBA Galleries in 1960, worked on The Jo LAWRANCE 1965– Sculptor and draughtsman Observer as a cartoonist, then on The Sunday Times who studied at St Martin’s and Central Schools of colour magazine. Was involved in forming the Art, 1985–8, gaining a fine art first-class honours Luck and Flaw partnership and the Spitting Image degree. Was at Royal Academy Schools, 1988–9, satirical puppet show on television. Its success led then did a higher diploma in fine art at Slade School to Law being made a Royal Designer for Industry. of Fine Art, 1989–91. She produced a series of He became artist-in-residence at the National Art small, detailed drawings of cranes, lines and flying School in Sydney, Australia, the first results being machines with regard to their vulnerable, comic exhibited as Aussie Stuff at the Rebecca Hossack and possibly contradictory aspects. Won a Duveen Gallery in 2000. Roger Law, The Land of Oz, at Travel Scholarship in 1990, a Cyril Sweet Award the Fine Art Society in 2005, showed his in 1991 and a Delfina Trust Residency in Spain in remarkable facility as a watercolourist, 1992. Exhibitions included Nine Outstanding draughtsman and etcher in depicting the Australian Graduates of 1988, at Oxford Gallery, 1988; landscape and its wildlife. In the same year, his Serpentine Gallery, 1992; and Drawing Towards Sculpture, at Isis Gallery, Leigh-on-Sea, 1993. autobiography Still Spitting at 60 appeared. 29

Brewery Arts Centre, 1993; and in 1994 BT New Contemporaries tour, Modern Art at Transmission Gallery in Glasgow, and also in Glasgow New Art in Scotland, Centre for Contemporary Arts. Lawrence’s paintings in that show drew on the manuscripts of Modernist authors. Settled in London.

Painter of pictures and murals and draughtsman, born in Lewes, Sussex. He studied at King Edward VII School of Art in Newcastle upon Tyne under Richard Hatton, at Royal College of Art with William Rothenstein and then in Italy as a Prix de Rome winner, 1923. Elected RA in 1938. Lawrence was a fine figure painter and a RA stalwart for many years, his work having a strong underlying draughtsmanship. Also showed RP of which he was a member and widely abroad. Among Lawrence’s notable murals are ones in Laing Art Gallery and Museum, Newcastle; Palace of Westminster; and Bank of England. Lived in London. Alfred Kingsley LAWRENCE 1893–1975

Painter, printmaker, designer and teacher, born in Surrey, who attended Queen’s College, London, until 1908. From 1910– 14 she was at Slade School of Fine Art, a prizewinning student; after a period in St Ives she returned to Slade in 1916 and also studied under Percyval Tudor-Hart. Had begun showing at RA and NEAC. In 1917 began teaching art at Runston Hill School. In 1920 met the printmaker Claude Flight, in 1925 moving to his studio. The following year they had a joint show at Redfern Gallery and in Scotland, in 1927 forming an interior decorating business, experimenting with lino-cuts, textiles, picture panels and wall hangings. Shared a show at French Gallery, 1935. After bomb damage in 1943 Flight and Lawrence moved to Donhead St Andrew, Wiltshire, and when Flight had a stroke in 1947 Lawrence nursed him until 1955. After cataract removal Lawrence resumed painting, having a solo show at University of Hull, 1973. After living for about a dozen years at Worth Matravers Lawrence in 1973 moved to a nursing home in Salisbury, where she died. Shortly after, Parkin Gallery held a memorial show for Flight and Lawrence. Edith LAWRENCE 1890–1973

Watercolourist, printmaker, illustrator and teacher, born on the Isle of Wight. She studied at Portsmouth College of Art followed by teacher training at London University, also learning printmaking under Edwin La Dell at Central School of Arts and Crafts. Lawrence became head of the art department in Rochester and Tonbridge Technical Schools, and after moving to Guildford in 1956 taught adult education classes. Was an exhibiting member of the Guildford Art Society for many years, also exhibiting often at RA, RE, RBA, RWS and SWLA. Also showed at CCA Gallery in Farnham, Wintershall Gallery and University of Surrey. Landscape, buildings in landscape, wildlife and flowers were Lawrence’s main subjects. She wrote and illustrated articles on wood engraving for Artist magazine. Guildford Borough collection holds two of her etchings. Lived in Burpham, Surrey. Her Eileen LAWRENCE 1946– Artist working in paint son and daughter were the artists William Edward and collage on a handmade paper support. She was born in Leith, Midlothian, and studied at Edinburgh and Sarah Lawrence. College of Art, 1963–8. She had her first solo show Cyril James LAWRENCE 1926– Painter, printmaker, at 57 Gallery, Edinburgh, in 1969, the year she commercial artist and teacher, born in Grimsby, moved to London for three years. In 1972–3 she Lincolnshire. Attended Luton School of Art, 1949– lived in Germany, then returned to Edinburgh. 52. Showed at NS, UA and RMS. Lived in Lawrence found items such as feathers, twigs and shells and depicted them with geometrical Grimsby, later in Luton, Bedfordshire. exactness in an attempt to establish a cohesion Dez LAWRENCE 1970– Artist born in Swindon, between herself and nature. The works were Wiltshire, who attended Glasgow School of Art, likened to Tibetan prayer-sticks. Had several shows 1988–93. Mixed shows included In a Sense, at at Fischer Fine Art and exhibited at Bath Festival, Barbara LAWRENCE 1928–1994

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born and worked in London, who studied at Hertfordshire College of Art and Design, 1978–9, then Wimbledon School of Art, 1979–82, from 1983 being a part-time lecturer there. In 1984 he won a Boise Travelling Scholarship to Italy. He was artist-in-residence at the Bath Festival in 1986 and at Christchurch Park, in Ipswich, 1988, when he showed in Carving in Christchurch. Other group shows included New Contemporaries at ICA, 1980, the year he began exhibiting at Cannizaro Park, Wimbledon; Figures in a Garden, Yorkshire Sculpture Park, 1984; and Made in Greenwich, The Living Room, 1994. Had several solo exhibitions in London and Eastbourne, including Sir Hugh Casson Gallery in the Sussex town, 1988.

1986. Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art holds her work. Retrospective at Usher Gallery, Lincoln, 1992. Later solo shows included Art First, 2001.

G R LAWRENCE 1930– Painter, draughtsman and teacher. Born in Glasgow, where he settled. Attended the School of Art there, 1947–51, his teachers including William Armour and Ian Fleming, in 1951 attending the School of Art at Hospitalfield, Arbroath; added studies followed in the early 1960s in Italy and Greece. Showed SSA, RA and RSA and widely on the continent. Glasgow School of Art holds his work. This was sometimes signed only with initials. John LAWRENCE 1934– Sculptor and painter, born

Sculptor, painter and teacher, born in Hopkinstown, Pontypridd, Glamorgan. Studied teacher training at St Luke’s College, Exeter, then did National Service in Royal Air Force. Went on to teach, becoming head of craft and technical department at St Ilan Comprehensive School in Caerphilly. In 1965 won the Dunlop Semtex Mural Competition for a mural in Brynmawr. Showed in group exhibitions at Peter LAWRENCE 1951– Illustrator, designer and engraver, born in Hornchurch, Essex, who studied Royal National Eisteddfod, SEA, SWG and with illustration under Peter Reddick at Bristol WAC, RA and New Art Centre. CASW bought his Polytechnic faculty of art and design, 1969–73. copper sculpture Standing Figure. He worked as an illustrator and designer after Sandra LAWRENCE 1945– Painter and designer, leaving college, becoming managing director of born and lived in London, who studied at St Oxford Designers & Illustrators, living in Oxford. Martin’s and Byam Shaw Schools of Art and at Began engraving in 1990, producing abstract wood the atelier of Signorina Simi in Florence, Italy. engravings from the end of the 1990s. Lawrence Mixed shows included the RA Summer Exhibition, was a full member of both the SWE and Oxford RP, ROI, The Singer & Friedlander/Sunday Times Art Society and an associate of the Oxford Watercolour Competition, 1997, and The Hunting Printmakers’ Co-operative. He took part in SWE’s Art Prizes, from 1998. Among solo exhibitions annual touring exhibitions from 1993; in a group were Fischer Fine Art, The Café Royal and Peter show at Bircham Contemporary Arts, Holt, Hyde Fine Arts. Lawrence was noted as designer Norfolk, 1999; and in 2002 was an award winner and painter of the full-size cartoons for The for outstanding engraving at the National Print Overlord Embroidery, commemorating D-Day and Exhibition and exhibited at the RA Summer the liberation of Europe and incorporating portraits Exhibition. In 1999, he had a solo show at of World War II leaders. It was claimed to be the Henmans, solicitors, Oxford. largest of its kind in the world, 34 panels three feet Ronald LAWRENCE 1929–

in London, married to the artist Susan Lawrence. He studied at Bromley College of Art and showed at Trafford Gallery, with the Free Painters and Sculptors of which he was a member, in France and America. Manchester City Art Gallery and Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, hold his work. Signed this with initials.

high and 272 feet long overall. It was exhibited extensively internationally, having been unveiled Richard LAWRENCE 1955– Sculptor and teacher, by H M Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother in

Peter Nolan LAWRENCE: see SCARIX!

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1978. She also opened the D-Day Museum, Portsmouth, built to house the Embroidery in 1984. The original cartoons hang permanently at The Pentagon, Washington.

William Edward LAWRENCE 1957– Still life and urban painter and printmaker, teacher, born and lived in Guildford, Surrey, whose influences included Chardin, Morandi and Meléndez. His mother and sister were the artists Barbara and Sarah Lawrence. He attended West Surrey College of Art & Design for foundation, 1976–7, graduating with honours in fine art from there, 1977–82, notable teachers including Brad Feine and Brendan Neiland. Lawrence taught part-time for Surrey County Council from 1982, at the University of Surrey from 1991 and at Guildford College of Further & Higher Education from 1999. He carried out corporate commissions, collections holding his work including Avaya UK and Price Waterhouse. Group shows included the RWS Open from 1986; Library Gallery, Surrey University, 1988; Singer & Friedlander/Sunday Times Watercolour Competition, 1992; Quay Arts, Newport, Isle of Wight, 1995; and Lewis Elton Gallery, Surrey University, 1999, as well as regular exhibitions in local galleries.

Sarah LAWRENCE 1960– Artist, born in Guildford, Surrey, daughter of the artist Barbara Lawrence and sister of the painter and printmaker William Edward Lawrence. Before studying art, she worked in administration, mainly in the music business in London, then attended West Surrey College of Art & Design, 1986–7, and Dartington College of Arts, 1987–90. At college, Lawrence “specialised in relief printmaking, but on leaving became interested in working in a detailed, closely worked style, continuing to use the discipline of carefully planned design.” She was “particularly interested in the use of design in the art of antiquity, such as medieval and Islamic art, in naïve and nonEuropean art forms, and I was drawn to the art of India after travelling there in 1985–6.” Studies of egg tempera and icon painting later followed. She was a member of the Association of Illustrators. Group shows included Medici Galleries, 2000; Chris Beetles Ltd, from 2000; and South West Academy, Exeter, from 2001. Lawrence lived in Ashburton, Devon.

Charlotte LAWRENSON 1883–c. 1971 Painter, notably

of murals, and draughtsman in pencil, born in Dublin. She attended Slade School of Fine Art and Byam Shaw School of Drawing and Painting. Showed at RA, RP, Paris Salon and elsewhere abroad. Public galleries in Brighton and Bradford hold her work, which often featured domestic subjects. Lived for many years in East Africa, latterly in Nakuru, Kenya. Sometimes signed work C L.

Painter, notable for farm animals and landscape studies, born in London, who began painting in 1982, having brought up a family. Mixed exhibitions included RA Summer Exhibition from 1984, Angela Flowers Gallery from 1985, Lumley Cazalet Gallery, 1986, Peter Pears Gallery, Aldeburgh, 1999, and extensively elsewhere. Had an open studio show in 1985, later solo exhibitions including James Colman Fine Art, 2000, and 54 The Gallery, organised by Josie Reed, 2003. Prizes included Spink Prize for Painting, Newbury Spring Festival, 1996 (finalist, 1997–9); Royal Bath and West Society, 1997; finalist, Hunting Art Prizes, 2000 and 2001; and prize winner, Drawings for All, Gainsborough’s House, Sudbury, 2002. Chelsea and Westminster Hospital holds her work. She lived and worked in Berkshire and London. Tory LAWRENCE 1940–

Fenwick LAWSON 1932– Sculptor and lecturer, born

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in South Moor, near Stanley, County Durham, who studied with Harry Thubron at Sunderland College of Art, and under John Skeaping at the Royal College of Art. In 1957 a Sir James Knott Travelling Scholarship enabled him to travel to France, Italy and Greece. He set up a fine art course and lectured in sculpture at Newcastle Polytechnic from 1961, later being made head of sculpture and remaining there for 25 years. After retirement, Lawson was several times an artist-in-residence and from 1987–9 was a visiting lecturer at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee, and at the

Royal Academy Schools. Showed extensively in the northeast of England from the mid-1960s. In 1994 he was invited sculptor at the RA Summer Exhibition, showing Gaia: The Scream, carved in oak. His solo exhibitions included Richard Demarco Gallery, Edinburgh, 1967–8; Durham Cathedral, 1984–96; and York City Art Gallery, 1987. Religious themes and venues were a feature of Lawson’s work which was early influenced by that of Jacob Epstein and which frequently used wood. Durham Cathedral, where he had a retrospective in 2004; Brinkburn Priory near Rothbury; Pontificio Collegio Beda, Rome; and Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle, hold examples. Lived in Durham for many years.

lithograph LA 1, 1966–7, published in the latter year by Editions Alecto and in the collections of the Museum of Modern Art in New York and University of New Mexico Art Museum, Albuquerque. When he returned to London in 1967, Lawson with Ernest Donagh set up the Editions Alecto lithography studio at Kelso Place, shortly operating from his own studio in Putney. In 1975 he established a new base at Aymestry Mill, Herefordshire, where he continued to print for major British and American artists, including Ivor Abrahams, Howard Hodgkin, Allen Jones, Willem de Kooning, Roy Lichtenstein and William Turnbull.

Michael LAWSON 1944– Artist who studied at Liverpool College of Art, 1960–3, Royal College of Art, 1963–6, then University of Washington, in America, 1967. His exhibitions included Atkinson Art Gallery in Southport and Gordon Woodside Galleries in Seattle and he was represented in Merseyside Artists 3, toured by Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, 1986–7, and a mixed show at The Living Room, 1994. Surreal distortions, humour and fantasy were aspects of Lawson’s work, which incorporated comic illustrations. Liverpool University holds it in its collection.

Painter, printmaker and illustrator, born in Yeadon, Yorkshire. He studied at Dewsbury Technical College, won a scholarship to Leeds School of Art, then went to South Kensington College of Art where he gained silver and bronze medals for drawing. On a painting trip to Yorkshire in 1910 Lawson chose to settle in Wensleydale, the inspiration for much of his work. He travelled extensively on the continent. Illustrated for The Dalesman magazine as well as a number of books, including Dale Folk, 1927, and is noted for his Romany drawings. Showed in his own area as well as RA, RI, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. Public galleries in Bradford, Leeds and Wakefield hold examples. A major retrospective was held at Middlesbrough Art Gallery in 1969 and in 1989 Lawson’s work, along with that of his wife Muriel Metcalfe and his daughter Sonia Lawson, was included in A Family of Artists arranged by Wakefield Art Gallery. Died at Castle Bolton.

Fred LAWSON 1888–1968

Painter who was born in London and studied at Willesden School of Art. After travelling in North and South America, in the mid-1960s she settled in Brussels, Belgium, although she retained a base in Kent. Showed on the continent and in London, having shows at Ben Uri Art Society, which holds her work, in 1969, and at Fieldborne Galleries, 1975. Phyllis LAWSON 1927–

Sonia LAWSON 1934– Painter, printmaker and teacher, born in Darlington, County Durham, who Ian LAWSON 1942– Printmaker, born in Leek, was brought up in the Yorkshire Dales. She studied Staffordshire, who attended Leek and Stafford at Doncaster College of Art and then Royal College Schools of Art, taking his art teacher’s diploma at of Art, 1956–9, under Carel Weight, gaining firstGoldsmiths’ College School of Art. Moved to class honours, a postgraduate year and a travelling America in 1966, working in New York with Irwin scholarship to France. She lectured at the College Hollander, then joined the Tamarind Lithographic and Royal Academy Schools. Lawson made many Workshop in Los Angeles for six months under a mixed-show appearances, including RA, Midland Ford Foundation Scheme. There, he produced the Group, Tolly Cobbold and John Moores Exhibition, 33

Liverpool, 1991–2, with a powerful canvas, Grieving Women. Held her first solo show at Zwemmer Gallery in 1960, other major exhibitions including a retrospective at New City Gallery, Milton Keynes, and tour, 1982–3; Manchester City Art Gallery, 1987; and Wakefield and Bradford, 1988; and a 30-year retrospective at Dean Clough Galleries, Halifax, 1996. In 1989 with her parents Fred Lawson and Muriel Metcalfe she was included in A Family of Painters, organised by Wakefield Art Gallery. Arts Council, Open University, Imperial War Museum and many provincial galleries hold examples. Was elected RWS in 1988, RA in 1991. Lived in Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire.

part-time, exhibiting and selling work. Between 1965–72 Lawtey painted in London and Dorset and did various jobs, including technical author and illustrator. From 1973–4 he studied at Walthamstow School of Art; gained a first-class honours degree in fine art, painting, at Central School of Art, 1974–7; then pursued postgraduate studies at Slade School of Fine Art, 1977–9. Settled in north London, Lawtey was variously employed, including visiting and guest lecturing at colleges and universities. Lawtey was involved with several groups which followed on from the Systems Group, such as Group Proceedings and Series, producing his own geometrical abstracts. In 1986 he contributed theoretical studies to the publication Constructivist Forum. Group and collaborative exhibitions from 1970 included Claude Rogers Gallery, Bournemouth, 1970–1; House Gallery, 1981; Pallant House in Chichester and University of Leeds, both 1982; Exhibiting Space, from 1985; and A Disquieting Suggestion, John Hansard Gallery, University of Southampton, 1988. Arts Council holds his work.

Painter and draughtsman, born and lived in Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland. Lawson spent much of his life involved in window display, having studied it at the local College of Art and Industrial Design. Later he studied art in the evenings at King’s College, University of Durham, 1951–3, in the latter year winning the John Christie Prize for life drawing. He was a member of Newcastle Society of Artists and Wallsend Art Club and exhibited widely in mixed shows in the northeast, including Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle. Thomas LAWSON 1922–

Versatile artist and teacher who gained a fine art diploma with distinction at Byam Shaw School of Art, 1983–6; was an Open University associate student in modern art and Modernism, 1991; gaining her master’s in fine art at Cardiff Institute of Design & Technology, 1992–4. Awards included several WAC grants, including a travel and exhibition grant, Lodz, Poland, 1990. She was a foundermember of the Artists’ Project, Cardiff, where she was based. Her teaching experience included working individually with adults who had learning problems, from 1992. Commissions included set design, Dance Alive Theatre Company, Cardiff, 1989; Avexco stands at Montreux Film Festivals, 1990 and 1993; and mirror and lass sculptures/installation, Theatre y Bryd, Cardiff, 1993. Exhibitions included Ffoto Gallery, Cardiff, 1989; Fine Art Society, painting works, 1990; and installation at Oriel, WAC Gallery, Cardiff, 1996. Emma LAWTON fl. from 1980s–

Winifred Lawson DICK 1890–1978 Painter in oil who

was born in London. Studied at Chelsea School of Art, 1950–5, with Brian Robb and Julian Trevelyan. Showed LG, ROI, and elsewhere in London and had solo shows at Walker’s Galleries through the 1950s. Her work was featured in a number of women’s magazines. She was a freeman of the Worshipful Company of Painter-Stainers and lived at Penshurst, Kent, and in London.

Brian LAWTEY 1945– Painter and teacher, born in Hull, Yorkshire, whose family settled in Oreston, Devon, 1947. Aged seven, Lawtey took up art seriously after developing asthma. Moved to St Austell, Cornwall, he attended Redruth Technical College; from 1962–5 was apprenticed to The St Austell Brewery as a pictorial inn sign painter and Louise LAWTON 1979– Figurative artist using signwriter; and attended Plymouth College of Art charcoal on gesso boards whose pictures were 34

strongly influenced by the urban environment, notably London, New York and Hong Kong. The pattern-behaviour of crowds in the rat-race city was a theme. Lawton was born in Guernsey, Channel Islands, studied art foundation at Middlesex University and graduated from Wimbledon School of Art in 2001. She showed in London, New York and Frankfurt, work being acquired by many corporate and private collectors. In 2005 she was included in Beneath the Surface at Holman Fenwick & Willan, an exhibition curated by Headquarter Contemporary Art in association with the Albemarle Gallery.

experience, from 1995 being leader of textile study tours and treks to Bhutan, from 2001 on the fabric advisory committee of Wakefield Cathedral. Showed widely in Britain and North America and was included in Images of the Yorkshire Landscape, organised by Sheeran Lock at Leeds Civic Hall in 1991. Later shows included a shared one with Meira Stockl, Two Weavers: Two Ways, The University Gallery, Leeds, 2002. She lived in west Yorkshire. The British Embassy in Amman, Jordan; British High Commission in Accra, Ghana; and the Bank of the West, Texas, hold commissioned hand-woven tapestries by Lawty.

Painter of landscapes in which the Poole, Dorset, area where she was born and lived, forces of the elements and etching, photography and careful draughtsmanship were all influential. Lawton’s life in Greece for several years and travels through Argentina, South Africa, California, continental Europe and Ireland were also inspirations. She studied at Bournemouth College of Art, graduating in fine art from Winchester School of Art, 1994. Exhibitions included Angelus Gallery, Winchester, 1993; Paint, Swanage, from 1994; The Tithe Barn, Swanage, from 1996; The Discerning Eye, Mall Galleries, chosen by the Prince of Wales, 1997; Lena Boyle Fine Art, 1998; Autumn Exhibition, The Wykeham Gallery, Stockbridge, 2001; and Highgate Fine Art, 2003.

Architect, painter, printmaker and poet, born in Aldringham, Suffolk, where he lived a countryman’s life. Was educated at Ipswich School before going to the Architectural Association, but was self-taught as an artist. Was elected to RIBA in 1912, becoming a fellow in 1925. Travelled to Belgium and the Netherlands and became a friend of the painter Frank Brangwyn, who influenced Lay’s work. Was a prize winner in the Daily Mail’s Village Sign Competition. Published seven volumes of verse, books including Grotesques and Arabesques, 1928. Showed at RA, NEAC, RBA, RSA, AAA, extensively in the provinces and with Ipswich Art Club and Sole Bay Group. Work was included in A Look at British Printmakers 1860–1940, at Parkin Gallery, 1981. Christchurch Mansion, Ipswich, holds his Forecasting A Loss No 2, of 1933.

Teresa LAWTON 1952–

Sue LAWTY 1954– Textile artist and teacher who used such materials as silk, linen, wool and raffia to create her landscape tapestries; these sought to give an impression visually and in texture of what it is like to be exposed to wild and barren areas. Lawty was born in Chesterfield, Derbyshire, and graduated with honours in three-dimensional design, 1976. Awards included a Royal Society of Arts Travel Award to North Africa, 1976; six Yorkshire Arts Awards, 1978–92; Yorkshire Arts Travel Award to America and selection for Crafts Council Index of Makers, both 1983; Theo Moorman Charitable Trust for Weavers Bursary, 1996; and Bankfield Museum Artist Support Scheme, 2001. Had widespread teaching

Cecil Howard LAY 1885–1956

Commercial designer and painter, born in Sutton-in-Craven, Yorkshire. He attended Keighley School of Art, 1944–6 and 1948–9, then Sheffield College of Art, 1949–50. Showed in London and at various provincial centres, being an enthusiastic member of Keighley Art Club, Norwich Art Circle and the Twenty Group in that city. Lived in Norwich, Norfolk.

Allan LAYCOCK 1928–

Norman LAYCOCK 1920– Painter in oil and teacher,

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born in Dewsbury, Yorkshire. He studied at the local Technical College, then the School of Art and Crafts, 1934–9, and Royal College of Art, 1946–

Florence LAYZELL: see Florence Rushbury

9. Went on to teach at Harrow School of Art and Isleworth Polytechnic. Laycock joined ROI in 1979, gained the Cornelissen Prize in 1985 and showed four pictures at the annual ROI show in October 1985. Also exhibited at RA, SEA, RBA and widely in the provinces. Had a solo show at Walker’s Galleries in 1960. Lived in Stanmore, Middlesex.

Peter LAYZELL 1962– Painter, muralist and lecturer,

strongly influenced by a Sunday painter grandfather who produced landscapes and still lifes in the manner of Cézanne. After Mander College, Bedford, 1980–1, Layzell graduated with honours in fine art from Coventry (Lanchester) Polytechnic, 1981–4. Although large, gestured canvases were then the vogue, he was encouraged by Alan Dyer to work smaller, combining his interest in Flemish Renaissance painting with an inclination towards detail and strong colour. Travel in northern Europe led Layzell to admire the work of Flemish Primitives; later, he developed an interest in English painters such as William Hogarth, Stanley Spencer, Dyer’s Spencerish canvases, Anthony Green and Mick Rooney. Layzell was a part-time lecturer at Lancaster University and Fylde College. His numerous group appearances included RA Summer Exhibition from 1987 (prize winner, 1990); Warrington Festival Exhibition, Warrington Museum Gallery, 1989 (prize winner); Houldsworth Fine Art, 1992; England’s Glory, James Huntington-Whiteley, 1996; and Portal Gallery from 1998, delicately painted nudes against rich oriental fabrics, having a solo show there, 2001. In 1997, Layzell had a mural commission for Belgrade Theatre, Coventry. Morgan Grenfell, St Martin’s College in Lancaster and Warrington Arts Council hold examples.

Artist in mixed media and teacher, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia, of British parents. He attended Bradford College of Art, 1960–2, then Central School of Art, 1962–5, taught in America, then at Hornsey College of Art. He was included in Lane Gallery, Bradford, 1965; Berkeley Gallery, California, 1967; Commonwealth Institute and Richard Demarco Gallery, Edinburgh, both 1972; and the Hampstead Artists’ Council/Scottish Arts Council 1973 show Photography into Art. Peter LAYTON 1937–

Artist born in Cornwall, Ontario, Canada, for whom The Dream was an important preoccupation. She studied at Montreal Museum School of Fine Arts, 1960–1, with Arthur Lismer, of the Group of Seven; owned and operated a ceramic studio in Fonthill, Ontario, 1970–4, studying with Rosslyn Reed; attended McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, 1974–6; then pursued fine arts at Ontario College of Art, 1976– 80, with a third year off-campus in Florence, Italy. In 1978 Laywine produced a limited-edition, handprinted, hand-bound book, Where is that Gull that Flew Overhead?, held by Canadian public collections, including Art Gallery of Ontario. Extensive travels included France, the Middle East and the Himalayas until 1986, when she moved to Britain, settling in Abbotsbury, Dorset. As well as exhibiting widely in Canada, where in 1985 she was included in Here and Now Retrospective: 100 years of Painting, at Hamilton Art Gallery, Ontario, Laywine’s appearances in Britain included the RWS, RSBA, RWA, NEAC, SGA, UA, Mall Galleries and Millfield School’s Summer Exhibition. In 1993 she was acting director of Bridport Arts Centre. Marie LAYWINE 1937–

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Richard LAYZELL 1949– Sculptor, happenings artist and lecturer, born and lived in London, who studied at Ealing School of Art and Slade School of Fine Art. His earlier appearances included Garden Exhibition 3 at Camden Arts Centre, 1978. By the mid-1990s Layzell had become noted for his happenings and performances, for the Tate Gallery and many other national museums and galleries, with young people, for the mentally ill, in nightclubs, in the street and in industry. Jumbo Rumba, to celebrate Colchester’s water tower, took place in 1996; in that year (and in 1995) 100,000 people explored Tap Ruffle and Shave, his interactive installation for the sensory-impaired in Glasgow and the South Bank Centre; and in 1997

Aggravation, a video installation in collaboration with the University of the Third Age was held at the Bluecoat Gallery, Liverpool, Infiltration, a series of impromptu events, was based around the Warwick Arts Centre, and Ventilation was staged at the De La Warr Pavilion, Bexhill-on-Sea. At that time Layzell was artist-in-residence with AIT plc and a senior lecturer at Wimbledon School of Art.

Lea was noted for her portrait studies. RussellCotes Art Gallery and Museum in Bournemouth holds her bronze Slugs and Snails, of a kneeling woman holding up a small child.

Artist and potter, born in Hong Kong, studied art at the Slade School of Fine Art, 1903, and the London School of Art. Practised etching, then went to Japan – to which he was to return on a number of occasions through his life – where he studied pottery. Returned to England where he founded and directed The Leach Pottery, at St Ives, from 1920. He exhibited widely throughout the world and was an influential teacher, conducting several lecture tours in America, sponsored by the Contemporary Art Society. His pots are in many galleries and museums. Made Companion of Honour, 1973. Wrote several books, including A Potter’s Book, 1940, A Potter in Japan, 1960, and his autobiography Beyond East and West, published posthumously in 1985. Crafts Council held a Leach exhibition in 1998; Penlee House, Penzance, another in 2002; Bernard Leach: Concept and Form, at James Hockey Gallery, Surrey Institute of Art & Design, Farnham, 2002– 3; lithographs at Curwen Gallery, 2004; and Come to the Edge, pots and tiles at Tate St Ives, 2005. Lived in St Ives, Cornwall. Bernard LEACH 1887–1979

Artist and teacher, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, where he was mainly based. He was head of painting at Leicester Polytechnic, 1975–84; head of the department of visual and performing arts, Newcastle Polytechnic, 1984–9; from 1989 was visiting fellow and artist-in-residence at Newcastle University, from 1993 artist-in-residence at St Alban’s Roman Catholic Primary School, Newcastle. Other residencies included Magdelen College, Oxford University; a period with its Aid to Bosnia, in Croatia; and Michigan State University, in America. Magdelen College holds Lazzari’s sensitive portrait, oil on canvas, of Sabina Alkire. He was art director for Coventry and Brecon Cathedral Youth Theatres. Group exhibitions included Young Contemporaries, RA Summer Exhibition, British Council in Hong Kong and Brighton Museum and Art Gallery, plus regular appearances at Laing Art Competition from 1993. Solo shows included a retrospective at Leicester Mark LEACH 1952– Self-taught artist who left a Polytechnic and Hatton Gallery, Newcastle successful career in the computer industry in the 1980s to paint full-time, with a studio near Rye, University. Sussex. His work evolved from large, heavily Frank Marsden LEA 1900– Portrait painter and textured pictures involving many materials to a commercial artist who attended Nottingham School sparer, minimal approach using mainly pastels. of Art, 1916–17, after initial education in the city, Leach won the 1993 PS Award, being elected PS then Manchester School of Art under Adolphe in 1994, joining its council in 1997. He was joint Valette. Most of Lea’s work was commercial, but winner of the Anthony Lester Award at the 1995 Pastels Today show; in 1996 three paintings gained it included some magazine illustration. the Willi Hoffmann-Guth Award for their quality Sheila LEA 1901–1992 Sculptor, born in London, of light at the 1996 PS Annual Exhibition; and in who studied with Hermon Cawthra at the School 1999 Leach received the Pastel Society of Canada of Art in Bournemouth, where she settled, also Annual Award. He also exhibited at the RA under Harold Brownsword at Regent Street Summer Exhibition, Ombersley and Roy Miles Polytechnic School of Art. She exhibited at RA, Galleries and had a solo show at Yehudi Menuhin until 1982–3 with Bournemouth Arts Club of which School, Stoke d’Abernon. she was a member, at Paris Salon and elsewhere. Carl LAZZARI 1934–

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Rachel LEACH 1959– Versatile artist and teacher whose aim was “to highlight the relationships of rhythms and structures present in our day-to-day experiences.” Leach did an art and design foundation course at Somerset College of Art & Technology, 1976–8; graduated with first-class honours in printed and woven textiles, West Surrey College of Art and Design, 1978–81; and did a part-time course in hand-built ceramics, Morley College, 1993–6. Leach had a studio in Brooklyn, New York, 1989; produced cast-paper masks as an inspiration for Rite, four solo performances, Plein Theatre, Amsterdam, 1994; taught for Hayes Foundation summer programme, Vermont, America, 1994–01; designed and made a set for Getting Personal, commissioned by Chisenhale Dance Space, 1996; taught for L’Ouverture Theatre Trust in London Primary Schools, 1996–01; assisted Laura Ford to make sculptures, 1997–03; made sculptures for Yinka Shonibare, 1999–00; led a workshop, Dance on Camera, The Puffin Room, New York City and performed in Nell Berger’s Balance Room in Amsterdam, both 2001; and created short films, Locker 1 and Waiting, for Charles Findlay, 2002–4. Leach took part in group exhibitions in Britain and abroad, including Minus one, Strand disused Underground station, 2004. Solo exhibitions included Plein Theatre and Alpha Papier, Amsterdam in 1994. Leach had a studio in north London.

Exhibition, 1999; and Maltby Contemporary Art, Winchester, 2000. Later solo exhibitions included Growing Concerns, Dorset County Museum, Dorchester, 2000, and Attendi Gallery, 2002, with one at Oliver Contemporary, 2006. Ashmolean Museum, Oxford; Worthing Hospital, St Mark’s Hospital, The Royal Hospitals NHS Trust and Dorset County Hospital; and Bournemouth University Loan Collection hold examples of Leach’s work.

Alun LEACH-JONES 1937– Painter and draughtsman

producing vibrant, jazzy abstract works packed with forms and colours, as in his exhibition at Berkeley Square Gallery in 2001. By then LeachJones’s pictures were held by 26 public collections internationally, including the British Museum, Ashmolean Museum in Oxford and Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. He was born in Maghull, Lancashire, but spent his childhood in north Wales, where his Uncle Albert encouraged him to paint and draw. In 1949 the family moved to Liverpool where, two years later, Leach-Jones was apprenticed for three years as a law and manuscript writer with the Solicitors’ Law Society. From 1955–7 he studied part-time at Liverpool College of Art; in 1957 travelled through France and Spain; in 1958, started his National Service; and in 1960 moved to Australia, studying part-time at the South of Australia School of Art. Although in 1964 he returned to the United Kingdom, Leach-Jones was back in Australia, 1967–72, in 1971 being awarded M/Dip by the National Gallery School of Art, Melbourne, eventually settling in Sydney, New South Wales. Leach-Jones won many awards, several residencies taking him around Australia and abroad. In 1999, he was elected Hon. Life Fellow of the RE. Participated in many group shows, latterly notably in America and Australia, and had numerous solo exhibitions, including Robert Lindsay Gallery, Melbourne, from 1995, and RCamA, 1998.

Ursula LEACH 1947– Painter and printmaker whose

work included richly coloured paintings with a strong abstract element, as shown at Oliver Contemporary, 2002. She trained at Winchester and Wimbledon Schools of Art and West Surrey College of Art & Design, Farnham, graduating with fine art honours, and was an RE associate. Among Leach’s many mixed shows were Lasting Impressions, Victoria Art Gallery, Bath, where she gained the R K Burt Etching Prize, 1993; National Print Exhibition, Mall Galleries, from 1994; Hunting Art Prizes, Royal College of Art and tour, from 1995; Redfern Gallery, Summer Exhibition, Richard LEACROFT 1914– Architect, illustrator and 1996; A Flight Over Cranborne Chase, Salisbury designer for the stage. Born in London, he studied Festival Exhibition, 1998; RWA Autumn at the Architectural Association and at the London Theatre Studio. Exhibited RA, Arts Council, in 38

Belfast College of Art, 1949, at Chelsea Polytechnic School of Art, 1951, then portraits with Sonia Mervyn, 1949–51, who ran her own classes. Showed at RUA and lived in Armagh, Northern Ireland.

provinces and in the Middle East. Leicester Museum and Art Gallery bought his work. Published a number of books on aspects of the theatre. Lived for some time in Leicester.

Alexandra LEADBEATER 1956– Painter, born in Cheshire, who gained an honours degree after studies at Bath Academy of Art, Corsham, 1974– 5, then Preston Polytechnic (Lancaster Annexe), 1976–9. Her mixed show appearances included 1981 Summer Show at Serpentine Gallery; Anne Berthoud Gallery, 1982; 1989 East Midlands Arts touring exhibition; The Face Fits, Middleton Hall, Milton Keynes, 1993; The Discerning Eye, prize winner, 1996; and Defining the Times, Milton Keynes Gallery, 2000. Leadbeater was included in The Silbury Group of Artists 10th Anniversary Exhibition at Milton Keynes Gallery, 2001–2. Solo shows included Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, 1982; Anne Berthoud Gallery and tour, 1983; Wilson Hale Gallery, 1989 and 1990; Wilson Stephens Fine Art and Lasar Segall Museum, São Paulo, Brazil, both 1991; Itau Gallery, Campo Grande, Brazil, 1992; and Milton Keynes Exhibition Gallery, 1994. Leadbeater had a studio in Shenley Wood, Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire.

Lily LEAHY: see Lilian Hawthorn

Painter whose work could show strong Cubist influence, as shown at Cadogan Contemporary in 1996 when she exhibited with Ruth Stage and Liz Hough. Leaman studied at Falmouth Art School. She appeared in Cadogan Contemporary’s New Year and Summer Exhibitions in 1995; had a solo show there in 2001; and her work is held by the TSB Collection. Bridget Leaman, the artist, was her mother. Lived in Cornwall. Amber LEAMAN 1973–

Painter who from 1972 settled in the Lizard peninsula, Cornwall; it influenced her work, which ranged from Cubistinfluenced landscapes to abstracts, using an attractively bright palette. She studied at Bournemouth College of Art and West Surrey College of Art & Design in Farnham. Mixed shows included RI from 1982, winning a medal in 1988; RWA, 1988; and RA Summer Exhibition, 1992. Solo shows included Salisbury Playhouse, 1981, Christine LEADBETTER 1957– Painter, draughtsman and printmaker noted for her exuberant brushwork and Cadogan Contemporary, from 1993. Her and colours. She was educated at Preston daughter was the artist Amber Leaman. TSB and Polytechnic (Lancaster Annexe), 1975–6, then in Unilever owned examples. the fine art department of Liverpool Polytechnic, Dora LEAMAN 1897– Painter, born in Torquay, 1976–9. She appeared in the Merseyside Artists where she studied at the Grammar School, then exhibitions from 1983, toured by Walker Art the School of Art. Also attended St John’s Wood Gallery, Liverpool, having shown in Stowells School of Art and Regent Street Polytechnic School Trophy Exhibition at RA in 1979. Gained a of Art in the 1930s, the latter under George Percival Unilever Artists in Residence placement in 1986 Gaskell. Exhibited RA, RSMA, UA and NEAC. and took part in educational activities such as a Returned to Torquay, but finally moved to schools project at Bromborough Pool. Had a first Bournemouth. solo show at Williamson Art Gallery and Museum, Birkenhead, 1989–90, and it holds examples, Jonathan LEAMAN 1954– Painter in oil on canvas, including Aviary – Ocean Park, Hong Kong. Lived draughtsman and teacher, born in London, his at Great Asby, Appleby, Cumbria. parents actors and related to the artistic Salaman family. As a boy Leaman drew compulsively, so Patience LEADER 1928– Painter and modeller, born instead of Oxford University he chose to study at in Dromagh, County Cork, Ireland. Studied at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1973–7, Bridget LEAMAN 1948–

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teaching there, 1977–83. In 1992 Leaman was a featured artist at the London Contemporary Art Fair, chosen by Paula Rego; at the 1997 Fair his picture Strongly, Wrongly, Vainly had crowds jostling to view it. It was typical of Leaman’s style and subject-matter: minutely detailed, with a mystery narrative element, in the manner of the Pre-Raphaelites, whose work he admired, plus Surrealist associations. Had a first solo exhibition at Beaux Arts, 1994, others in 1997 and 2002. Leaman spent years on a canvas, dividing his time between London and Gloucestershire.

she won an Arts Council Major Award and showed solo at Annely Juda Fine Art. Took part in several group shows in Switzerland. Arts Council holds Untitled ’77 No. 6, of 1977, and Untitled No. 5, of 1978. Edwina Leapman gave a good statement about her abstract work in the catalogue of the South Bank Centre 1989 touring show The Experience of Painting. Had solo show at Annely Juda Fine Art, 2002, one of a series. Lived in London.

Watercolourist and teacher, born in Austwick, Yorkshire. He studied at Burnley School of Art, graduating in 1910. Gained a Travelling Studentship in 1911 and an RIBA Owen Jones Studentship in 1912. Leaver then taught at Halifax School of Art. He travelled widely abroad, producing such works as In Sunny Algiers and In Morocco. Showed at a wide range of galleries and had works bought by Burnley Corporation, settling in the town. Noel Harry LEAVER 1889–1951

Self-taught artist mainly in watercolour, also pencil, born in Horsham, Sussex. He was elected an associate of RWA in 1979 and favoured mixed exhibitions, showing extensively throughout the south and west of England. Leaper’s work “often explored tonal ranges not usually employed in watercolour – of special emphasis and interest is work on skies.” Lived in Ashton, Bristol. Landreth LEAPER 1947–

Ann LE BAS: see Rachel Ann LE BAS

Painter, born and lived in London, who was first prize winner at the 1995– 6 John Moores Liverpool Exhibition with DoubleTongued Knowability, a mix of hard-edge abstraction and graffiti-like imagery. He studied at St Martin’s School of Art, 1977–8; Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1978–81; and Chelsea College of Art, 1988–9. Took part in Figuring Out The Eighties, Laing Art Gallery in Newcastle upon Tyne, 1988; Aperto Venice Biennale, 1990; and Arts Council tour Recent British Painting, 1993. Showed solo at Todd Gallery from 1988, at Beaux Arts, 2000, 2001 and 2002. Arts Council holds acrylic on canvas Past Behaviour, 1990. David LEAPMAN 1959–

Edwina LEAPMAN 1934– Painter and teacher, born

in Hampshire who studied at Slade School of Fine Art and Central School of Art and Design, 1951– 7. For a dozen years from 1963 she taught in several art schools, in 1974 having a solo show at New Art Centre. In the same year she was included in the Scottish Arts Council’s show Post-Minimal Painting and in John Moores Exhibition, Liverpool, two years later winning a prize there. In 1976, too,

Artist using paint, pencil, pastel and collage, born in Sheffield, Yorkshire, into a tinker family. His wife Delaine Le Bas was also an artist. Le Bas had a troubled childhood, finding consolation in his toys, which he drew constantly, along with football crowds. Aged about 10, he and his mother moved to Sussex, where he eventually settled at East Preston, Littlehampton. After leaving school in 1979 without qualifications, Le Bas did various labouring jobs, then was encouraged to attend West Sussex College of Art & Design, Worthing, 1980–5. He gained his master’s degree in textiles from the Royal College of Art, 1985–7, although the non-academic nature of his pictures prompted his tutors to let him follow his own direction. After graduation, Le Bas worked in a kettle factory, as a roofer, then sold flowers during the day to enable him to paint at night. At the Royal College students had directed him to the Outsider Archive, where its director, Monika Kinley showed and acquired his work. This was characterised by rich colours, textile-like patterning, bizarre faces and strong linear Damian Le BAS 1963–

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contouring (Van Gogh was an influence). Group shows included Outsiders, Dean Clough Contemporary Art, Halifax; Art Brut/Outsider Art, Café Gallery, 1990; Singular Imagination, Phyllis Kind Gallery, New York, 1994; and Outsiders & Co, England & Co, 1996. Later solo shows included Courtauld Galleries, 1995. Shared shows with Delaine Le Bas at Raw Vision, Manor Cottage, Letchmore Heath, 2000, and James Colman, 2002.

can compare with Edward Le Bas’ in size, consistency and quality”. Le Bas was a fine painter, a Colourist with a special talent for interiors and flowerpieces who exhibited at RA, LG, Redfern and Goupil Galleries, Arthur Tooth and Son and NEAC. He had a first solo show at Lefevre Gallery in 1936. In 1997, the Michael Parkin Gallery held Edward Le Bas – Painter and Collector. The Tate Gallery, provincial galleries and others in South Africa and Australia hold examples. He was elected Delaine Le BAS 1965– Painter, mixed-media artist, RA in 1953. Lived in London and Brighton. collagist and embroiderer, born in Worthing, Sussex, married to the artist Damian Le Bas. She Julian Le BAS 1958– Painter and draughtsman, was born into a gypsy/Romany background, closely connected with Sussex. He studied at spending her early years in caravans and trailers. Brighton Polytechnic, 1978–81, completing a What she called “the freedom of my Romany postgraduate course at Cyprus College of Art, spirit” showed in her clothes and highly decorative 1983–4. Took part in many group shows, and had work. She studied textiles at West Sussex College solo exhibitions at The Collective Gallery, of Art & Design, Worthing, 1981–6, and St Martin’s Edinburgh; Haileybury College, Hertfordshire; School of Art, 1986–8. By 1990 Le Bas found the Charleston Farmhouse, Firle, Sussex; and at restrictions of fashion design too much for her, and Towner Art Gallery, Eastbourne, 1990. His Source concentrated on picture-making, producing large to Sea was a Rye Art Gallery commission. collages and collage books, drawing on family Represented in David Bomberg and his followers history and photographs. Lived in a small house show at Towner, 1991. Lived in Brighton, Sussex. full of folk art objects in East Preston, Littlehampton, Sussex. Group shows included Alex Molly le BAS 1903– Sculptor, born in London, sister Gellard Fine Art, Battle, and Rona Gallery, and of the painter Edward Le Bas, daughter of Edward solo exhibitions one at Islington Arts Factory, 1993. Le Bas the steel magnate. She was educated at She shared shows with Damian Le Bas at Raw Broomfield Hall and in Paris and with her sister Vision, Manor Cottage, Letchmore Heath, 2000, Gwen was launched into society. Showed at RA, and James Colman, 2002. Room was an installation Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, Royal Glasgow and performance by Delaine at Transition in 2005. Institute of the Fine Arts and Paris Salon. Lived in London and in Angmering, Sussex. Edward Le BAS 1904–1966 Painter and collector, born in London, brother of the sculptor Molly Le Bas. Philip le BAS 1925– Painter and teacher, born in St He took a degree in architecture at Cambridge Quentin de Baron, Gironde, France, cousin of the University, studied art briefly in Paris, then from artist Edward Le Bas. He worked in enamel paint. 1924 studied at the Royal College of Art. The Le Studied at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Bas steel business provided him with private means Art, 1948–51. From 1952–66 taught art at various which enabled him to paint abroad, both on the schools, 1968–77 lecturing at King Alfred’s continent and in North Africa, also to indulge his College. Was made a member of RBA in 1953, taste for collecting modern French and English then NEAC in 1955, but both lapsed. Showed with painting. He had superb judgement, buying many Young Contemporaries, 1950; RA for many years; English painters when they were young or still RBA 1952–60; Walker’s Galleries between 1953– underrated. A selection, A Painter’s Collection, 7; RP 1953; NEAC 1955–60; Some Young was shown at the RA in 1963, the critic Jack Wood Painters, Camberwell, 1956; and Pictures for Palmer commenting that “no collection in England Schools, Camberwell, 1965. Solo shows included 41

Heffer Gallery, Cambridge, 1955–7; Trafford Gallery, 1956 and 1958; Piccadilly Gallery, 1960; and Portal Gallery from 1965. HM Government, Methodist Church and a number of private collections with theatrical connections held his work. Lived at Hinton Ampner, Alresford, Hampshire.

her work on experimental colour television. Lived for a time at Dunham Massey, Altrincham, Cheshire.

Painter whose work had a surreal tinge, as in his oil on canvas Psychic disruption, included in the John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 2004. Le Breuilly attended the University of the West of England, Bristol, 1997– 8, and the Slade School of Fine Art, 1998–02. Exhibitions included Four For 98, Berni Gallery, Arts Centre in Jersey, Channel Islands, 1998; Black Hole, Garage Theatre, 2000; Art Sauce, John Jones Gallery, and Fish Bowl, The Foundry, both 2002; plus other group shows at The Generator and The Reading Rooms in Dundee in 2004. Tim LE BREUILLY 1978–

Painter and printmaker, sometimes known as Ann Le Bas, born in Camberley, Surrey. She studied at the City & Guilds of London Art School under A R Middleton Todd, Henry Wilkinson and Rodney Burn. Among awards were the annual Drawing Prize and she twice won the annual Prize for Engraving. Le Bas always worked freelance and undertook commissions which included the National Trust Foundation for Art, Bishop of Bath and Wells and Royal Academy Graphics. She was elected a member of Somerset Guild of Craftsmen in 1962, of the Art Workers’ Guild in 1969 the year she joined RE, and was elected a member of NEAC in 1972. Le Bas was featured artist in the RE Annual Exhibition in 2002. She held senior positions in several of these. Ashmolean Museum in Oxford and several other public collections in Britain hold examples. She was not related to other Le Bas artists, her family having fled from France at the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1598. Lived in Winsford, near Minehead, Somerset. Rachel Ann le BAS 1923–

Artist born in Salford, Lancashire, who painted as a child, taking private lessons. Aged 12 she won a scholarship and then a studentship to Royal School of Art, Salford, 1928–32, and was encouraged by the director of the Salford Art Gallery, Albert Frape. Had her first solo show there in 1937 and it bought her work. Le Breton was urged on by L S Lowry and like him believed in “painting the people about you”. Showed with MAFA of which she was made a member in 1952, RCamA and Lancashire Artists Group and had several solo shows at Medici Gallery in the mid-1970s. A limited edition of her picture The Old Street Market was produced by Mellor Hall Fine Art Reproductions. Le Breton claimed to be the first artist to show and discuss

Louis le BROCQUY 1916– Painter, mural and tapestry

Edith le BRETON 1912–

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designer and teacher, born in Dublin and married to the artist Anne Madden. He studied chemistry at Trinity College, Dublin, 1936–7, and worked in the family oil refining business in the late-1930s. In 1938 decided to paint full-time, but was selftaught, studying in London and continental galleries. Returning to Dublin in 1940, he worked on a series of tinker paintings, stained glass, theatre designs and murals, then settled in London in 1946, producing his first tapestries two years later. Had first solo show at Gimpel Fils in 1947, at Esther Robles Gallery, Los Angeles, in 1960 and in Switzerland at Galerie Charles Lienhard in 1961. Notable among later shows was a retrospective at Irish Museum of Modern Art, Kilmainham, 1996– 7, and in 2001 New Paintings at Gimpel Fils and Abusson Tapestries at Agnew. Taught at Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1947–54, and Royal College of Art, 1955–8, and was director of the Kilkenny Design Workshops, 1965–71. After destroying much of his work in 1963, le Brocquy in 1964 began a series of human heads; his figures are often in isolation, sinister, or seen through the mist of memory. Became RHA in 1949, a Chevalier, Légion d’Honneur, 1974, and Hon. RHA in 1983. Tate Gallery, Victoria & Albert Museum and Municipal Gallery of Modern Art, Dublin, hold his work. Lived in Carros, France. The sculptor Melanie le Brocquy was his sister.

Melanie le BROCQUY 1919– Sculptor, born in Dublin, sister of the artist Louis le Brocquy. She attended the National College of Art, Dublin, the Royal Hibernian Academy School and École des BeauxArts, Geneva. While she was at National College le Brocquy knew that she had made a mistake and did not want to be a painter or teacher, then discovered the sculpture department, run by Peter Grant and Peter Brennan. Her first sculpture, Head of a Cat, was accepted by RHA. A Taylor Scholarship took her to Geneva. She had a joint exhibition with her brother in 1942 in Dublin and appeared in the Irish Exhibition of Living Art in 1943, but then marriage preoccupied her until she relaunched her career in the 1960s. In the early 1970s the Dawson Gallery in Dublin took up her work, giving her shows with William Scott and Patrick Heron, the Taylor Galleries in Dublin giving her a small retrospective in 1986, the RHA a major one in 1999. Her sculpture of the period 1938–90 was shown at Austin/Desmond Fine Art, 1990. Most of her mature output is mainly constructed around small-scale and usually fulllength human figures. The critic Brian Fallon called her “the best Irish sculptor of her generation”.

in America. Arts Council, British Council and British Museum hold his work, which when shown in America was described as grand, melancholy and highly romantic. In 2001, an exhibition of his sculpture and monoprints at the University of Northumbria, Newcastle upon Tyne, included literal and abstract pieces. Was elected RA, 1996, in 2000 filling the new professor of drawing post at the Royal Academy Schools.

Janet LEDGER 1931– Painter and printmaker whose

work was reproduced as popular limited edition prints by Fine Art Editions, and who was noted for subjects such as nuns on beaches, red telephone boxes and people at the seaside. These were photographed or sketched, then worked up in the studio. Born in Northampton, Ledger studied at its School of Art, taught by Henry Bird, her mother’s cousin; Horace Colby; and she did an intensive lettering course with Thomas Wrigley. Soon had a number of shows and was a founder-member of the Young Contemporaries student group in the town. Marriage, children and illness interrupted her painting, then in 1972 she painted several pictures as a therapy which set her on course again. HRH Princess Margaret bought a Thames view Christopher Le BRUN 1951– Painter, printmaker, from Ledger’s London ’77 show at Somerset sculptor and teacher, born in Portsmouth, House in 1977. Two Curwen Press lithographs are Hampshire. He studied at Slade School of Fine held by the Tate Gallery. Ledger was part of a The Art, 1970–4, then gained his master’s degree at Best of Britain exhibition in Dallas in 1985 and Chelsea School of Art, 1974–5. Le Brun was a from that year showed solo with Linda Blackstone visiting lecturer at Brighton, Wimbledon and at Gallery, Pinner. The Tate Gallery, HRH Princess the Slade, 1976–83, from 1989 resuming teaching Margaret and several corporate collections held at the Slade. He was a prizewinner at John Moores examples. A puckish humour and charm Liverpool Exhibitions, 1978–80, and won a characterised Ledger’s pictures. Latterly lived on Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation Printmakers’ the Isle of Wight. Commission Award in 1983. In 1984 he did designs for a revival of the Ballet Imperial at Royal Opera Maria Sax LEDGER 1916–2006 Self-taught, eccentric House, Covent Garden, produced in 1985; was painter and embroiderer, born Maria Sax in Zürich, guest of the Berlin Artists’ Programme of the Switzerland, educated at Château de Montmirail, DAAD in 1987–8; and in 1988 gained the Neuchâtel, and as the only girl at the Institut Snowdonia Commission, Artists in National Parks, Minerva, an élite Zürich boys’ school. Through organised by the Victoria & Albert Museum. From her flamboyant father, Karl Sax, director of an 1975 Le Brun took part in numerous mixed shows insurance firm, writer and poet, Maria enjoyed a in Britain and abroad. He showed with Nigel rich intellectual and political life. After briefly Greenwood Gallery from 1980, also extensively attending Zürich University and the suicide of her father in 1935, she rebelled against autocratic 43

brothers and fled to England. There she worked in a Surrey teashop; married the much older medical practitioner, Neville Hallam; and by 1950 was married to Peter Ledger, living in a Modern Movement house near the North Downs. While married to Hallam she began to paint. In Zürich she had spent long periods looking at pictures in the Kunsthaus. Her own development as a powerful, poetic Colourist while married to Ledger was influenced by such artists as Marc Chagall, Vincent van Gogh and the German Expressionists. She painted largely in isolation until the painter John Henshaw organised her solo show when she was 60 at the Warminster Art Centre. After she moved to north Wales in 1980 she exhibited frequently, mainly at Coleg Harlech and Oriel Plas Glyn-y-Weddw, Llanbedrog, and was given a WAC retrospective in 1996 at Oriel Mostyn, Llandudno. Ledger died at Dolgellau, Gwynnedd.

LEDWARD 1888–1960 Sculptor of monuments and portraits in metal and stone. Born and lived in London, son of the Sculptor Richard Ledward, he studied for over 10 years prior to World War I at Chelsea Polytechnic, Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, the Royal College of Art and the Royal Academy Schools. In 1913 he won the Royal Academy Gold Medal and Travelling Studentship and the first British School in Rome Scholarship in Sculpture. Ledward became professor of sculpture at the Royal College, 1926– 9, a year later being made member of the faculty of sculpture and of the council of the British School at Rome. Ledward exhibited at the RA from 1912, being elected RA in 1937 and a trustee, 1956–7. He was president of the RBS, 1954–6. As well as advising the Royal Mint, Ledward completed the Guards Division Memorial, in St James’ Park, London, other war memorials in the provinces and overseas and the fountains in Sloane Square, London. The Tate Gallery holds his work, which can be both graceful and majestic. In 2002, the Henry Moore Institute archive, Leeds, acquired a major collection of Ledward’s drawings, covering his career from the Rome Scholarship until his death, enhancing the photographic archive of his work already held.

Sculptor and teacher, born in Uitenhage, Cape Province, South Africa, who emigrated to England in 1959, then settled in America. He graduated in fine art at Birmingham College of Art and Design, 1965–9; gained his master’s at Royal College of Art, 1969–72; and was made a fellow, MIT Center for Advanced Visual Studies, Boston, 1972–3. Lee taught at the University of Michigan, 1973–80, from 1984 holding a professorship at University of North Carolina at Greensboro, where he lived. Among a dozen awards, later ones included the Giacomo Manzù Special Prize, 7th Henry Moore International Exhibition, Japan, 1991; Rodin Prize, Fujisankei Biennale, International Exhibition of Contemporary Sculpture, Utsukushi-ga-hara Open-Air Museum, Japan, 1993; and UNCG Research Excellence Award, 1999. Took part in many international group shows, later solo exhibitions including MB Modern, New York, 1998. In 2002 Lee shared a show with Harvey Hood at RBS Gallery, by which time his work had shifted from the monumental to small, intimate sculptures. Public collections in China, Japan and America, including Weatherspoon Museum in Greensboro, hold Lee’s work. Billy LEE 1946–

Gilbert

Painter and sculptor who gained a diploma from Great Yarmouth College of Art and Design in 1985. In 1988 Lee won

Colette LEE fl. from late-1980s–

a degree in fine art from Gloucestershire College of Art and Technology, obtaining her master’s from University of Ulster, Belfast, 1989. She was commissioned by Gloucestershire County Council to make a bronze plaque in 1989 and by the Plaza Hotel, Belfast, to make a sculpture, 1990. Showed in England, Ireland and Germany, appearances including Galerie Hausgeist, Berlin, 1992; Young Contemporaries at One Oxford Street, Belfast, 1993; and in 1994 Beyond the Partitions and Works on Paper, put on by Queen Street Studios, Belfast, with which she was associated.

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Dick LEE 1923–2001 Painter and teacher, full name Richard Dale Lee, born in Bulawayo, then Southern Rhodesia. He was initially educated there, then attended Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1947–50, under William Coldstream, Claude Rogers, Victor Pasmore and other Euston Road School-associated artists, whose style left a strong influence on his work. Primarily a landscape and

interior painter, he chose to work on the spot, his and being unemployed for two years he joined the pictures retaining a freshness and spontaneity. He Army for three years. In 1974 went to live with was awarded an Abbey Major Scholarship in 1951, relatives in America. Returned to Britain where he then two years later began teaching at Camberwell, did various jobs, was unemployed, began to draw, where he remained until 1982. Took part in many had an exhibition in his local library and then did mixed shows, including LG, RA, Leicester two years at a further education college. Completed Galleries, AIA, New Grafton Gallery and foundation course at St Martin’s School of Art and elsewhere. Prize winner, 1985, Tolly Cobbold, and a bachelor’s degree in fine art at Newcastle 1992, Hunting Group exhibitions. Had show with Polytechnic. Lee’s work addressed social issues, Francis Hoyland at Galerie de Seine in 1958, later notably the treatment of mentally ill people who solo series including New Grafton Gallery, 1970– were black. He was included in the 1991–2 92; Cadogan Contemporary and School House Norwich Gallery touring show History and Identity. Gallery, Wighton, both 1988–95; Chappel Lived in London. Galleries, 2000; and Browse & Darby, 2001. Lived in London for many years, later in Norfolk with a Helen LEE 1951– Painter and teacher, born in Southport, Lancashire, who was educated in house in Normandy, France. Scotland. She was sometimes referred to as Helen Erica LEE 1898–1980 Sculptor in terracotta and clay, C Lee. She attended Edinburgh College of Art, especially of portraits. Born in Manchester, Lee 1970–6, teachers Robin Philipson, Elizabeth studied under Sir William Reid Dick and E Blackadder and David Michie; and the Royal Whitney-Smith. Exhibited widely, including RA, College of Art, 1977–8, under Peter de Francia, RSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of Fine Arts, Walker Roberto Matta, John Walker and Alan Miller. After Art Gallery, Liverpool, and Paris Salon. Work held living in the West Indies, from 1980–4 she worked by the New Museum and Art Gallery, Newport. in Hackney, eventually settling in Colchester, Was a fellow of the RBS and lived in London. Lee Essex, where she was a committee member of the was a neighbour of the sculptor Stanislas Reychan, Art Society. Lee won many awards, including one who fired terracottas for her. In his 1993 at the 1976 John Moores Liverpool Exhibition. In autobiography Playing with Dolls he describes Lee 1979 she gained a commission from Imperial War as a “tall elderly spinster with a loud upper class Museum. Teaching included adult evening classes voice”, of independent means, who “drove a smart for Lothian Regional Council, 1976–7, and from 1999 part-time at The Colchester Institute. Took MG”. part in numerous group exhibitions, including the Geoffrey LEE 1942– Artist notable for spontaneous RA Summer Exhibition, RSA, SSA, SSWA, RSW, and Impressionistic landscapes, townscapes and RBSA, Mall Galleries and many provincial venues. life figure studies. He was self-taught, apart from Among later solo shows were The Scottish Gallery, life classes and evening and weekend painting Edinburgh, 1986; Open Studio and Tendring Open workshops. Lee joined the PS in 1976 and was also Studios, 1998–9; and The Hay Gallery, Colchester, a member of the Leicester Society of Artists, where 2000. The Crown Agents, Paintings in Hospitals, he won the Guy Dixon Prize. He gained many other Scottish Arts Council and IBM Edinburgh hold awards, including Pastel Society of Canada. Lee’s work. Showed in the Midlands, at Mall and Thompson’s Galleries, with Linda Blackstone in Pinner and at Jessie LEE 1947– Versatile artist, born in Malaya, Century Gallery, Datchet. Lived in Cropston, who moved to England to study in the early 1970s. Her wide travels included several years in Saudi Leicestershire. Arabia. She gained a diploma in ceramics, Godfrey LEE fl. from 1980s– Painter, born in St Hammersmith College of Art & Design, 1973–6, Thomas, Jamaica. After leaving school in 1969 a higher diploma in painting and printing, 45

Amersham College of Art & Design, 1990–2. Until 1992, all Lee’s work was figurative and threedimensional, then she received new inspiration from printmaking, especially monoprinting and collography. Moods and feelings, a sense of landscape and the myths and imagery of the Far East were key influences on her vividly coloured work. In 1993 joined the Oxford Printmakers’ Cooperative. Exhibitions included New Academy Gallery, 1995; RBSA Printmaking Exhibition, Birmingham, 1996; National Print Exhibition, Mall Galleries, 1997; and Passion For Colour, JAG Contemporary at Hanging Space, 1999. Lived in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire.

West, University of Essex travelling show, 1995. Had solo exhibitions in 1991 at Chinese Arts Centre in Manchester and Stockport City Art Gallery, another at Skelmersdale Arts Centre, 1992. BBC, the Stockport City Art Gallery and private collections hold his work.

Painter, notably working in tempera, and printmaker. He attended Bournemouth College of Art, 1981–2, then Camberwell School of Art, 1982–5, with an added year’s study of printmaking. Showed at RA from 1987 and in many other group exhibitions, including The Broad Horizon, Agnew, 1990.

Peter LEE 1937–

Maker of boxed constructions, painter, draughtsman, printmaker and teacher, born in Bingley, Yorkshire, where he was finally based. Attended Bradford College of Art, 1932–7, then won place at Royal College of Art, 1937–40, where he studied graphic design, illustration and printmaking, his teachers including John Nash, Edward Bawden and Percy Horton. Served widely overseas in World War II in Army, 1940–6. In latter year returned to Royal College of Art on fourthyear scholarship, gained 1940. After teaching parttime at Hammersmith College of Art in 1947, Lee took job as art master at Heckmondwike Grammar School, in 1949 being appointed to Batley School of Art, in 1957 deputy head. From 1969 Lee taught variously at Bingley College of Education, Huddersfield Polytechnic, Bretton College and Bradford and Ilkley College. Lee showed regularly in Yorkshire exhibitions from the 1950s. In 1965 he shared an exhibition at Manor House, Ilkley, and a number of two-man exhibitions followed until a solo exhibition at Bishop Grosseteste College, Lincoln, 1978. There were others, then Lee had a retrospective at Bretton Hall, Yorkshire, in 1991. By this time he had been engaged on threedimensional work for 25 years and his meticulously crafted boxes had become collectors’ items.

Robert LEE 1915–

Painter and illustrator who attended Heatherley’s School of Fine Art, then the Slade School of Fine Art under Henry Tonks and Walter Westley Russell. Work done during World War I was officially purchased and he published a number of books with war themes, such as Ballads of Battle and Captive at Carlsruhe. Lived in Dundee, Angus. Joseph LEE 1876–

Painter and miniaturist, especially of portraits, born in Lahore, India. After education in England she studied at Lambeth School of Art. The architect, surveyor and engineer Sir Philip Stott’s first wife Hannah having died in 1935, Lee married him shortly before he May Bridges LEE fl. c.1905–1967

died in 1937, becoming Lady Stott. Stott’s home was Stanton Court, Broadway, but Lee continued to maintain a studio in London. Her sitters included her barrister father John Bridges Lee, Sir Jeremiah Colman, Lords Burnham and Cornwallis and The Earl Manvers. She was a member of RMS, SWA, and SM, also showing at RSA, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and elsewhere.

Moses LEE 1950– Abstract artist using a rich palette

whose sources of influence “are diverse and always expanding”, ranging over modern Western artists; music including jazz, dance and Indian classical music; Eastern mysticism; natural forms and the cinema. Studied at Hull College of Art and Liverpool Polytechnic. Group exhibitions included Salford City Art Gallery, 1984; Castlefield Art Gallery, Manchester, 1986; New Art North West, Bluecoat Gallery in Liverpool, 1991; and Journeys

Painter, born in Hong Kong. She completed a degree in intellectual history and German at Sussex University in 1979. Her subsequent fine art training was at Brighton

Rosa LEE 1957–

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publications, such as The New Statesman and The New Age, Lee lectured at Westminster School of Art. His sculpture can be found in a number of English provincial churches and at the cathedral in Gibraltar. Towards the end of his life he lived in San Roque, Spain.

Polytechnic, 1982–3, St Martin’s School of Art, 1983–6, and Royal College of Art, 1986–8. Between 1988–9 was visiting fellow at Winchester School of Art, having a solo show there in 1989. In that year she was an Artist of the Day at Flowers East and she also had a prizewinning canvas, Matrix, of 1989, in John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1989–90. In 1992 she appeared in (dis)parities at Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, which toured to Herbert Art Gallery, Coventry, 1993. University of Liverpool holds her work, which included abstract pictures with a strong sense of design. Lived in London.

Largely self-taught painter and freelance lecturer whose work could have witty overtones, as in her 1997 oil on canvas Dixie Lee Evans, “The Marilyn Monroe of Burlesque”, but could be frequently unsettling. They were likened to those of Otto Dix and other artists of the New Objectivity movement in 1930s Berlin. Lee said: “The women in my paintings go far beyond the passive status of decorative object. As their eyes lock with yours you cannot help wondering who they are and what they want with you…. My paintings are never at the expense of the models,” but are “from their perspective and they, not the viewer, are in control.” Lee’s work was included in several books, including Emmanuel Cooper’s The Sexual Perspective, 1992; Edward LucieSmith’s Art Today, 1996; and Judith Halberstamm’s Female Masculinity, 1998. She gained a BP Travel Award in 1996 and was commended at the BP Portrait Award, 1998. Group exhibitions included Contemporary Portrait Painters, Henry Wyndham Gallery, 1993; The Sexual Perspective, Jill George Gallery, 1994; Art for Equality, ICA, 1995; Pride and Prejudice, Museum of London, 1999; The Discerning Eye, Mall Galleries, 2001; and Hello Sailor, Seel Street Gallery, Liverpool Biennial, 2004. Her solo shows were: Venus Envy, at Manchester City Art Gallery, 1994; Twisted Portraits, Green Street Gallery, 1995; A Dying Art: Ladies of Burlesque, National Portrait Gallery and tour, 1997; Inappropriate Women, East West Gallery, 1998; Don’t Look, Museum of Modern Art, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 1999; and Up West, The Cobden Club, 2001. Lee lived and worked in north London. Sadie LEE 1967–

Artist in oil on canvas, wood or paper, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands. She studied, like her husband Terry Lee, at Sheffield College of Art, 1953–5, then Slade School of Fine Art, 1955–7. She said that her best work was “an exploration of self and awareness”. Mixed exhibitions included Fine Arts for Industry, Royal College of Art, 1969; RA Summer Exhibitions from 1970; Basel International Air Fair, from 1973; The Minories, Colchester, 1980; and Nicholas Treadwell’s Art Mill, Bradford, from 1988. In 1985–6 she was a prizewinner in Tolly Cobbold Eastern Arts Fifth National Exhibition and tour. Had a solo show at Mansard Gallery, 1968; a series at Piccadilly Gallery from 1969; and widely abroad, especially in Germany, including Galerie Im Kunsthaus Shaller, Stuttgart, 1984. Department of the Environment and Coventry’s Herbert Art Gallery hold examples. Latterly lived in Beeley, near Matlock, Derbyshire. Rosie LEE 1935–

Painter, sculptor, critic and teacher. Born in Bombay, India, Lee studied at the Royal College of Art and the Slade School of Fine Art, where he became friendly with Paul Nash, who describes him in detail in his autobiography Outline. Lee did a notable drawing of Nash. Was an enthusiastic amateur musician. From early in the 1920s Lee was associated with the Friday Club and LG, of which for a decade from the mid-1920s he was president. He was chairman of the International Surrealist Exhibition in London in 1936. As well as acting as art critic for several Rupert LEE 1887–1959

Sara LEE 1956– Painter and restorer who studied at

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Byam Shaw School of Art, 1975. Next she gained an honours degree in chemical physics, 1975–9, from Sussex University, then worked at Hamilton

Kerr Institute at Cambridge University, 1980–4, to gain certificate and diploma in the conservation of easel paintings. After four years in London engaged as a restorer, lived in Paris from 1989– 91, which was the subject of some of her most atmospheric work. Sara Lee showed in 1980 at Clare College, Cambridge; in 1983 at Trumpington Gallery there; from 1982 at RA Summer Exhibition; in 1986 at Addison Ross Gallery; in 1991 having a solo show at Cadogan Contemporary.

Gwyneth LEECH 1959– Painter, draughtsman and printmaker, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, America, who in 1981, the year she moved to Britain, graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in anthropology and French. From her arrival, Leech studied painting at Edinburgh College of Art, funded by a three-year Pennsylvania Thouron Scholarship; studied wood engraving with Kathleen Lindsley; and gained a postgraduate diploma in 1985. In 1983 she was included in Scottish Print Open Three, organised by Dundee Printmakers’ Workshop. Was elected president of SSA. Exhibitions included University of Pennsylvania, 1986; Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museum, 1988; Theatre Royal, Glasgow, 1990; and Boundary Gallery, 1995, a show based on sketches made during through Africa and Asia, 1991–3. The American Museum in Bath, BBC, Edinburgh City Art Galleries and Strathclyde University hold examples.

Sydney LEE 1866–1949 Landscape painter and printmaker, born in Manchester. Studied at the School of Art there and Atelier Colarossi, Paris. Painted extensively on the continent, being especially fond of mountainous scenery. Exhibited RA – elected RA, 1930 – and extensively at Cooling Galleries, RE and NEAC; also at Fine Art Society, IS, RBA and elsewhere. He held several official positions, being RA treasurer for some years and a member of the Council of Art and Raymond LEECH 1949– Marine and East Anglian Industry. Included in a number of public coastal painter, born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, collections, notably Tate Gallery. Lived in London. settling at Oulton Broad, Suffolk. He studied art and design at Great Yarmouth College of Art, was Terry LEE 1932– Painter and teacher, born in elected RSMA in 1987, also being a member of Sheffield. He attended the College of Art there, the Norwich Guild of Artists. Showed in the later returning to teach, and Slade School of Fine provinces, London and America and from 1992 Art, 1955–8, under William Coldstream. Showed had solo shows at Haste Gallery, Ipswich. in north of England, RA Summer Exhibition and in 1980 was included in The British Art Show, Arts William John LEECH 1881–1968 Painter, born in Council touring exhibition chosen by critic William Dublin, Ireland, who studied at St Columba’s Packer. Had a series of solo shows at New Art College, Royal Hibernian Academy Schools, Centre from 1960 and at Agnew from 1973. Arts Metropolitan School of Art and in Paris at Council holds Lee’s oil The Spider’s Debris, 1962, Académie Julian. He was elected RHA in 1910 other examples being held by public galleries in and showed several hundred works there. Also Coventry, Liverpool, Hull and Oldham. Lived for exhibited prolifically at Goupil Gallery, RA, a time in Beeley, Derbyshire, also in Spain, and NEAC, Fine Art Society, Baillie Gallery and elsewhere. Had a studio in London, then settled in was married to the artist Rosie Lee. Clandon, Surrey. George William LEECH 1894–1966 Painter and etcher. After initial study at Lambeth and Putney Schools Caroline LEEDS 1931–2005 Painter of landscapes and of Art, won a three-year London County Council portraits, born in Jersey, Channel Islands, daughter scholarship which enabled him to study at South of Colonel Henry Vatcher. Her first marriage was Kensington. Worked for some years as a magazine to The Duke of Leeds, after which she was married art editor. Exhibited widely, including RA, RI, Fine to Peter Hoos and Sir Robert Hobart, but continued to sign her work Leeds. She studied with Philip Art Society and ROI. Lived in London. 48

Lame and Bernard Adams and worked in oils, watercolour and chalk. After the Duke’s death, she bought a house on the southern slopes of Lectoure, in France, overlooking the Pyrenees, spending the summer there and wintering in London. She also painted widely elsewhere in Europe, including Czechoslovakia and Italy. Her output included Falkland war heroes, in the collection of the Royal Hospital, Chelsea. She showed in many group exhibitions, including the RP, ROI and RBA, as well as at commercial galleries in London, Lectoure, Paris, New York and Monte Carlo. Died in London.

Club, ROI, RE and Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. During World War I he served with the Artists’ Rifles. British Museum and Victoria & Albert Museum hold his work, as do British provincial galleries and galleries as far apart as Budapest, Belfast and Vienna. For some time Lee-Hankey lived in France, where he produced a body of work. He is notable for his paintings of French harbour scenes and paintings and etchings of English country life, often of great sensitivity. Won a gold medal at the Barcelona International Exhibition and a bronze medal in Chicago, was vice-president of the RWS in the late 1940s and chairman of the Empire Art Council. Lived in London.

Artist born in Lewes, Sussex whose work had a strong fantasy element. Lee-Elliott studied at Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1925–7. Appeared in a four-man show at Thackeray Gallery, 1977. Solo shows included Pulchri, The Hague; Iolas, New York; Redfern Gallery; Chatham Gallery in Hong Kong; and Miyuki, Tokyo. Was chosen to contribute three works to the British section at Musée d’Art Moderne, Paris, International Exhibition of Religous Art, 1965. Although he was the son of a clergyman, Lee-Elliott was not himself a believer, although after a serious illness while abroad in his mid-fifties he was moved to paint a series of powerfully Expressionist religious pictures in which the figure of Christ and the wood of cross conjoin. A good example is the tempera and gouache Crucified tree form – the agony, in the Methodist Church Collection. Christie’s in South Kensington offered works by Lee-Elliott in 2003, catalogued as signed by Lee Elliott plus a date. The Victoria & Albert Museum holds his work. Died in London, where he lived in Chelsea. Theyre LEE-ELLIOTT 1903–1988

Painter and printmaker, born in Chester, who was married to two artists: first Mabel Lee-Hankey (Hobson), then Edith Garner. He studied at Chester School of Art under Walter Schroeder, at the Royal College of Art and in Paris. From the early 1890s Lee-Hankey exhibited at the main London galleries, especially Fine Art Society, RWS, Leicester and Lefevre Galleries; also RA, Goupil Gallery, Ridley Art

Artist in many media, designer and teacher, born in Denbigh, north Wales. Aged 16 she attended Halifax School of Art for two years, then Huddersfield School of Art and Leeds College of Art, notably under Frank Simpson. She then taught in a series of Yorkshire grammar schools; spent a year at Prince’s Theatre, Leeds, directing their lighting, designing costumes and backcloths; then returned to teaching. Miss Lee-Jones produced landscapes covering a wide area of Britain, as well as Italy, as shown in a solo exhibition at Dorset County Museum, Dorchester. She was a member of the Art Club in Dorchester, where she lived, also showing with groups in Bournemouth and Poole and SWLA. For a time she had her own gallery at King’s Arms, Dorchester, shared with Val Buckland, showing many artists’ work. Lee-Jones cited as her strongest influences those “from nature, overwhelmingly trees and skies from my earliest days”.

Norah LEE-JONES 1911–

Stewart LEES 1926– Artist born in Auchtertool, Fife,

who studied at Edinburgh College of Art, 1947– 52. He gained an Arts Council Sabbatical Year in 1968. Showed at Bluecoat Gallery, Liverpool; Traverse Gallery, Edinburgh; RA Summer Exhibition, and abroad. Universities of Glasgow and Nottingham hold examples. Lived in Nottingham.

William LEE-HANKEY 1869–1952

Painter, printmaker and teacher, born in Leeds, Yorkshire. He studied at

Laurence LEESON 1930– 49

a diploma in obstetrics at Guy’s Hospital. Legg studied art at Tunbridge Wells Adult Education Centre. He was a member of Free Painters and Sculptors, also showing at book fairs: Oxford, 1990, and in 1991 in Mainz and Verona. He had a series of solo shows in Sevenoaks, Croydon and Greenwich, the library there holding his work, as does Kent County Library Service. Among books he produced were The Garden, by Vita SackvilleWest, and the Rubayyait of Omar Khayyam. In 1992, when he went as a medical officer with a British Schools Exploring Society trip to Iceland, Legg’s Woodcraft Press published William Morris’ On First Seeing Iceland. Lived in Tonbridge, Kent.

Shrewsbury Art School, 1948–9, then Birmingham College of Arts and Crafts, 1949–53, teachers including Bernard Fleetwood-Walker and Harold Smith. Showed with Young Contemporaries, Leicester Galleries, Keele University, Piccadilly Gallery and elsewhere. He held a Gulbenkian Fellowship at Keele, 1963–4. Victoria & Albert Museum and other public collections hold examples. Lived in Market Weighton, Yorkshire.

Painter and teacher, born in London. He studied painting at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1929–34, at Royal College of Art, 1934–7, then again at Goldsmiths’ and Courtauld Institute, 1937–8. While at Goldsmiths’ and sharing a studio with the artist Carel Weight Leet was asked to recommend a college for Denton Welch, later to become noted as a writer and painter; he befriended Welch, who attended his evening classes. Leet then taught at Ealing School of Art and after service in World War II was appointed an Official War Artist resident at Viceroy’s House, New Delhi, 1945–6. After the war returned to teaching at Ealing, then went to Eton College as a drawing master, where he remained until 1949, then moved to Windsor Castle, teaching at Brighton part-time. He was commissioned by HM Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother to complete portrait drawings in 1948. Leet had solo exhibitions at Eton Art Gallery and Isobar Gallery, as well as showing in public galleries in Manchester and Halifax. Gerald LEET 1913–1998

Willow LEGGE 1934– Portrait sculptor and art therapist, born in Salisbury, Wiltshire, married to the book artist Ron King. She studied at Chelsea School of Art, 1951–6, under Bernard Meadows and Willi Soukop. Worked as an art therapist, 1977– 87, and from 1987–01 as a portrait sculptor at The Tussaud Studios. Legge was a full member of the SPS and Surrey Sculpture Society. Other group appearances included the RA Summer Exhibition, 1963, 1992 and 1994; Chichester Open, 1995; Keys Gallery, Chelsea, 1997; and National Portrait Gallery tour Mirror, Mirror, self-portraits by women artists, 2002. Victoria & Albert Museum, Yale Center for British Art, Vermont and Houston Universities and private collections hold examples. Lived in Bosham, Sussex.

Painter, born in London, notably of fresco and in tempera. After private education he studied at Durban School of Art and at the Michaelis School of Fine Art, University of Cape Town, with both John and Grace Wheatley, 1932–6. Showed widely in South Africa, at Paris Salon and at RA, RI, RP and elsewhere. South African National Gallery in Cape Town holds his work. Arts Club member. Lived in Eston, Natal. Peter LEFTWICH 1913–

Artist, notably in lino-cut and producer of limited-edition books and prints, born in London. He was a medical practitioner from 1959, having studied in London, in 1961 obtaining Owen LEGG 1935–

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Jeremy Le GRICE 1936– Painter, born of a Cornish family. Although he travelled as far away as Provence and America, the sea, coast, weather and landscape of Cornwall continued as a preoccupation. Le Grice attended Guildford Art School, 1953–4, was at Lanyon Summer School, 1955–6, then in 1957–61 was at Slade School of Fine Art. For a decade Le Grice was then based at St Just, Cornwall; then after 11 years in the Cotswolds in Gloucestershire, 1972–83, he returned to St Buryan, Cornwall, 1984–96; Newlyn from 1997. As well as showing at RA and with LG, Le Grice had a series of one-man shows, the first at Newlyn Gallery, 1962. After a solo show at Cadogan Contemporary in 1989 he had another

in 1991, in 1990 having a retrospective at Penwith, St Ives. Two German scholarships were held at Worpswede, Bremen, 1995–6, and Atelierhaus, Bremerhaven, 1998, both resulting in solo shows. Another one-man exhibition was held at Bishop Phillpotts Gallery, Truro, 2001. His wife was the stenciller Lyn Le Grice.

work.

Damon LEHRER 1967– Figurative painter, born in Boston, Massachusetts, America, who graduated in fine art from Amherst College, 1989, obtaining his master’s degree in painting at Boston University, 1994. Exhibitions included Tsai Performance Center, Boston, 1994; Pepper Gallery, Boston, from 1995; and Summer Exhibition, Beaux Arts, Bath, 1998. Lehrer was based in London from 1997. American collections holding his work include New York and Boston Public Libraries, Dartmouth College rare book library, and Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University.

Malcolm LE GRICE 1940– Artist and jazz musician

who studied painting at Plymouth College of Art, 1957–61, and at the Slade School of Fine Art, 1961–4. He exhibited as a painter in Young Contemporaries, 1963, and at the Arts Lab, 1968. He had made his first film in 1966, and this became his main artistic activity. In 1976, Le Grice was included in the big British Council exhibition English Art Today 1960–76, at the Palazzo Reale, Milan, Italy. By then he had achieved a prolific film output, including Castle 1, 1966; Castle Two, 1968; Horror Film 1, 1971; Horror Film 2, 1972; and After Manet, after Georgione Le d´jeuner sur l’herbe or Fête Champêtre in 1975.

Timo LEHTONEN 1953– Artist, notably a printmaker,

and teacher, born in Helsinki, Finland, who attended Falmouth School of Art, 1972–3; Sheffield Polytechnic, 1973–6; and Royal College of Art, 1976–9. Awards included The Observer Royal Silver Jubilee Printmaking Prize, 1977; finalist, Sainsbury’s Images for Today, 1983; Lowick House Printmaking Residency, 1986; Royal College of Art Printmaking Fellowship, 1987; and Museum of London artist-in-residence, 1994. From 1982 Lehtonen held a number of visiting and sessional lectureships, including Camberwell and Chelsea Schools of Art; Gloucestershire and Royal Colleges of Art; Leeds Polytechnic; Middlesex, Westminster and Hertfordshire Universities, Surrey Institute of Art & Design; and Lambeth College, where in 1993 he was external moderator. Group shows included Royal Over-Seas League Open, 1984; South Bank Picture Show at Royal Festival Hall, 1987 and 1988; and National Print Exhibition, Mall Galleries, 1994. Had a solo show at Eton College 1984, later ones including Museum of London, 1994. Victoria & Albert Museum, Mappin Art Gallery in Sheffield and Northern Arts hold examples.

Leharca: see Lewis Edward HEATH

Painter, illustrator and designer, born in Chile. She won a scholarship to Slade School of Fine Art, studying under Allan Gwynne-Jones and Vladimir Polunin. She worked for three years at Covent Garden Opera House, then was in costume design and was art director for Rank Advertising, which led to work in Hollywood, her film credits including Laughter in Paradise, The Inn of the Sixth Happiness and Witness for the Prosecution. She painted the portraits in the background of the Dynasty television series, her other thespian portrait credits including Dirk Bogarde, Peter Sellers and Ralph Richardson. Lehmann painted landscapes near her Essex homes in Great Sampford and Saffron Walden which were likened to those of John Nash and Rowland Suddaby. Was a member of NS and SGA. Lehmann was also a prolific illustrator for Radio Times. There was a retrospective at The Barnsdale Gallery, Yoxford, 2001. The Imperial War Museum, Royal Air Force Museum at Hendon and Fry Art Gallery in Saffron Walden hold her Olga LEHMANN 1912–2001

Sculptor in clay, stone and silver, and painter in oil, born and lived in London, married to Dr Michael Leibson. She was largely self-taught, but studied sculpture with Mosè Tamburrini. Leibson’s main work was portrait Sylvia LEIBSON 1915–1989

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sculpture, also some small abstracts. She was a member of SPS and was prominent in the Islington Art Circle. Group shows included London Artists at Shrewsbury School, 1968; Upper Street Gallery, 1971; Hemel Hempstead Arts Trust Festival, 1973; Rotunda Gallery, 1974; and Manor House Society, Art in Jewish Ritual, 1984. Leibson ran a gallery in her home (58 Aberdeen Park, Highbury) where she had many solo shows and exhibited about 70 other artists’ works.

a number of Royal Drawing Society medals. Exhibited UA, of which she was a member, and East Dorset Art Society. Lived in London.

Painter, designer and illustrator, born and lived in London, studying art there for about four years from 1928 after education at Eton College. During World War II, Leigh-Pemberton was awarded the Air Force Cross for services to flying instruction. LeighPemberton showed with ROI and NS of which he was for a time a member, RA, NEAC, at leading London galleries and abroad. He illustrated many books, notably for children and on natural history, including Shell Guide to Wild Life and A Book of British Wild Flowers. Leigh-Pemberton did much distinguished advertising work for companies such as Midland Bank, British Petroleum and Shell, being included in the “That’s Shell – that is!” exhibition at Barbican Art Gallery in 1983. Imperial War Museum and National Maritime Museum in Greenwich hold examples. Leigh-Pemberton retired in 1982. John Leigh-PEMBERTON

Emily LEICESTER fl. c.1905–1960 Painter of portraits

and miniaturist, born in Northwich, Cheshire, where she attended the High School and the School of Art. Also studied at Manchester School of Art. Exhibited RA, RCamA, Paris Salon and extensively at Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. Lived in Hartford, Cheshire.

Sculptor, architect, artist in photomontage and teacher, born in Broadwell, Gloucestershire. Served in Royal Air Force during World War II, then attended Liverpool University. He was trained in architecture and town planning, 1947–53, but in late 1940s began abstract sculpture. Was assistant to the sculptor Barbara Hepworth, 1953–4, in the latter year joining Penwith Society of Arts. After working as an architect for London Country Council, 1954–7, sculpting in his spare time, Leigh returned to St Ives, Cornwall, in 1957, serving for some months with Hepworth again and working part-time as an architect in Truro in the early 1960s for two years. Moved to Aldbourne, Wiltshire, in 1966, the year he began teaching at Exeter School of Art. Organised the Sculpture in Landscape show in Aldbourne in 1969. From 1964 held a series of one-man shows, including New Vision Centre Gallery, Arnolfini Gallery in Bristol and Portsmouth City Art Gallery. Lived at Erlestoke, near Devizes in Wiltshire. Roger LEIGH 1925–1997

1911–1997

Katherine LEIGH-PEMBERTON: see Kaff Gerrard

Realistic landscape painter, notably in watercolour, related to the artist Lord Leighton and born in Hastings, Sussex. He studied at Hastings and Hornsey Schools of Art, a fellow-Hastings painter E Leslie Badham being an influence. Leighton was elected RBA in 1929, showed with Ridley and East Sussex Art Clubs and with RA and Paris Salon from 1925. He was resident in Canada from 1929, but returned periodically to England. Painting and preserving the old windmills of Kent and Sussex were early interests of Leighton, a compulsive and hardworking artist whose first visit to Canada stemmed from a 1924 Canadian Pacific Railway commission to paint the Rocky Mountains. These were a Molly LEIGH-HUNT 1912– Painter and film actress continuing preoccupation because “their purity of who also studied music, born and lived London, colouring are unrivalled”. Leighton’s teaching daughter of the painter Gerard Leigh-Hunt. Her career included art directorship of Calgary’s married name was Molly Loftus-Paton. Studied Institute of Technology and Art, 1929–36, helping privately in London, then art at Byam Shaw School to found what became the Banff School of Fine in 1930s, working with Ernest Jackson. She won Arts. Leighton formed and organised the Alberta Alfred Crocker LEIGHTON 1901–1965

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Society of Artists, also the Calgary and Medicine Hat Sketch Clubs and was a member of the Royal Canadian Academy. In his later years the reclusive Leighton – known generally as A C – built a house 10 miles southwest of Calgary, Alberta, which became the core of The Leighton Foundation after the death of his artist wife Barbara in 1986. This was designed to promote art and nature to children, adults, amateurs and professionals. The Barleigh Block Prints were a collaborative effort by Leighton and his wife, based on his watercolours, production of which continued after his death. He exhibited widely in Canada and overseas. There was a touring retrospective organised by Edmonton Art Gallery in 1982 and the Whyte Foundation, Banff, set up a tour of his Rockies pictures in 1989.

Tanya LEIGHTON 1970– Artist and curator, born in

Guildford, Surrey, who for New Art in Scotland, Centre for Contemporary Arts, Glasgow, in 1994, created wall pieces made with coloured matches. She attended West Surrey College of Art and Design, Farnham, 1988–9, then studied postgraduate photography at the School of Art, Glasgow, 1989–95. Exhibitions included The Maltings Student Show, Maltings, Farnham, 1989, and Forum II, Stills Gallery, Edinburgh, 1993. After working on the committee of Transmission Gallery, Glasgow, in 1997 joined the newly opened Dundee Contemporary Arts as an assistant curator, then moved to Manchester Metropolitan University as a research fellow. Following an invitation from New York’s Whitney Museum to work on an historical retrospective show of American film and Clare LEIGHTON 1898–1989 Primarily a wood video art, in 2000 Leighton organised Vivre Sa engraver, but also a writer, designer, artist in mosaic Vie, an exhibition of French art, at 13 venues and stained glass, born in London into a literary around Glasgow and Edinburgh. family. Studied at Brighton School of Art, the Slade School of Fine Art under Henry Tonks, 1920–2, Flora LEIPMAN 1918–1999 Writer and artist, born and the Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1923– in Glasgow to parents of Russian origin. After her 4, with Noel Rooke. As a result she became a wood father died and her mother remarried, the family engraver at a time of the craft’s resurgence in moved to Communist Russia. Soon after arrival England and was the first woman to publish a book Flora’s mother, then her two sisters and brother, on the technique, in 1932: Wood Engraving and disappeared; it was 25 years before she saw her Woodcuts. Although she exhibited RE, RA, mother, sentenced to 15 years in labour camps as Redfern Gallery, RHA and elsewhere, her work a spy; the sisters perished in other camps, the was primarily for the printed page. She was one brother survived to live in Florida. Having of the finest wood engravers of her time, producing sacrificed the chance to leave Russia with her first strong and vigorous images. Among books husband, an Austrian, Flora was deported to the illustrated were Thomas Hardy’s The Return of the horrific Karaganda camp in Kazakhstan, then spent Native, 1929; her own The Farmer’s Year, 1933; the war in backbreaking work in the mines. After and Gilbert White’s The Natural History of an unhappy second marriage, she was reunited Selborne, 1941. As an author-artist her titles Four with her mother; they settled in Leningrad; then, Hedges and Country Matters were notable. In 1939 after her mother’s death and a five-year battle with she emigrated to America, where she lectured and the authorities, Flora returned to Britain. In 1987 became vice-president of the Society of American she published her story The Long Journey Home Graphic Art and fellow of the National Academy and entered Nightingale House, a retirement home of Design. Designed 33 stained glass windows for in south London which had a studio. There her St Paul’s Cathedral, Worcester, Massachusetts. love of art, nurtured during childhood visits to Clare Leighton was a pacifist with strong social Kelvingrove Art Gallery and to the Hermitage convictions, evident in her written work. Museum, was reawakened. She began painting Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, held a major “memories with imagination” of the Jewish home life she had missed. They were given a solo show exhibition in 1992. 53

at Ben Uri Art Society in 1990, and posthumously at Nightingale House’s gallery, as part of Wandsworth Arts Festival in 1999.

Lucien de Jaegher. Fleeing from Germans he moved to Britain in 1940 and after the war became an antique dealer, having always collected, painting in his spare time. In 1946 he restored a 15th-century Robert LEISHMAN 1916–1989 Painter, draughtsman building called the Tudor Rose in Beaumaris which and teacher, born in Inverkeithing, Fife. Leishman became an obsession, his shop and the subject of graduated from Edinburgh College of Art, a many of his pictures. When he ceased dealing it member of the notable generation which included became a gallery in which his and his son Karel’s Alan Davie, William Gear and Robin Philipson. pictures were jointly shown. Showed at RCamA After war service, 1940–6, in the Army Leishman and other venues in Wales, as well as in Canada, taught in Germany, Edinburgh, Fife and Dundee, Netherlands and America. Anglesey Art Collection but in 1972 gave up teaching to paint full-time. He holds his work. Lived in retirement in Anglesey, was elected SSA and RSW and won the May Gwynnedd, north Wales. Marshall Brown Award in 1987. Showed widely in Scottish group shows and his solo exhibitions Karel LEK 1929– Artist in a wide variety of media, included McClure Gallery, Glasgow, several at the designer and lecturer, son of the artist Hendrik Lek, Scottish Gallery in Edinburgh, a retrospective at born in Antwerp, Belgium. He was educated at Roseangle Gallery, Dundee, in 1981, and William Friars’ School, Bangor, then Liverpool College of Hardie Gallery, Glasgow, in 1990. Work held by Art, 1946–52. Notable teachers included Karel Scottish Arts Council, Dundee City Art Gallery Vogel and Geoffrey Wedgwood. Lek said that “the and elsewhere. Leishman’s pictures are colourful, country of my birth, regarding my mode of imaginative and witty, a reflection of the artist’s expression, which is emotional,” was important to own character. Lived in Dundee, Angus. his output. “My concern is humanity. I very often see beauty in what is often neglected.” Lek was a Gwen LEITCH 1931– Painter, born in Tasmania, member of RCamA. He also showed at RA, Australia, who studied at Hobart Art School. Whitechapel Art Gallery, SWE, Woodstock Moved to England on a travelling scholarship in Gallery, RI, ICA and public galleries in Amsterdam 1954, studying at Central School of Arts and Crafts, and Llandudno. Solo shows included RCamA, 1954–6, then settled in Zennor and St Ives, Woodstock Gallery, Oriel Bangor, and Tegfryn Cornwall, the landscape there inspiring her work. Gallery in Menai Bridge. Contemporary Art Showed with the Penwith Society, St Ives, and in Society for Wales, The Football Association, 1958 was included in 4 Sculptors 2 Painters at National Library of Wales in Aberystwyth and Drian Gallery. overseas collections hold examples. Lived at Beaumaris, Gwynedd. James Le JEUNE 1910–1983 Painter, born in

Saskatoon, Canada. Initially he was educated in Northamptonshire. His art education included Heatherley’s School of Fine Art, Byam Shaw School of Drawing and Painting and Art Students’ League of New York. Exhibited NEAC, UA, RP, RBA and RSMA. HRH The Duke of Edinburgh bought his work. Lived in London, later in Dublin.

Martin LEMAN 1934– Painter, designer and teacher, born and lived in London, who acquired an international reputation for his amusing and stylised cats, although curvaceous nudes and still lifes were also favoured subjects. After Worthing Art School he did his National Service in the Army, serving in Egypt, then had two years at the Central School of Arts and Crafts studying to be a graphic Hendrik LEK 1903–1985 Painter, born in Antwerp, designer, leaving before he had finished the course Belgium. His father did not want him to become an artist so he went into the diamond business, as he was keen to start some real design work. studying part-time at Antwerp Academy with After a series of jobs he began teaching, mainly part-time at Hornsey College of Art for almost 20 54

years, which allowed him to do his own freelance work. In the late 1960s he began to paint the cat pictures with which he became identified, and a number of successful exhibitions and books enabled him to be self-employed. Leman’s images were featured on a series of popular artefacts, such as postcards and jigsaw puzzles. He was a regular exhibitor at the RA Summer Exhibition as well as in many other mixed shows in Britain and abroad, galleries giving him solo exhibitions including Portal, Graffiti, RONA and Artbank Galleries and Andrew Usiskin Contemporary Art. Later onemans included Wren Gallery, Burford, 2003; Seascapes, Cross Street Gallery, 2004; with a series at Artbank Gallery. After the success of the book Comic & Curious Cats in 1979, he was involved in over two dozen others. Leman’s first wife, Adrianne Jarratt, was a designer, his second, Jill Winthrop, a painter and writer. His story is told in David Buckman’s book Martin Leman A World of His Own, published by Sansom & Company in 2002.

studied at Byam Shaw School of Art, 1989–94. Had solo shows at European Academy of Arts, 1996, Hellenic Centre, 1997, and La Subbia, Pietrasanta in Italy, 1999, the year she was Artist of the Day at Flowers East, chosen by Ann Dowker.

Painter, printmaker and artist in mixed media, with a strong interest in Australian Aborigine mythology. She was born in Melbourne, Victoria, into a cultured, wealthy family, niece of the singer Dame Nellie Melba, after whom she was named. From 1930 she studied first with the tonal painter Archibald Colquhoun, then for many years with Justus Jorgensen, being a member of his Mantsalvat bohemian circle. After marriage to Keith Wood in 1945 Lempriere’s life changed, and from 1950–8 she lived in Paris, studying with Fernand Léger and Fred Klein, father of the artist Yves Klein, and exhibiting in mixed shows. In 1953 she participated in the first Australian Artists’ Association exhibition at RWS Conduit Street gallery; she settled in London, 1958–65; and in the latter year showed solo at the Leicester Galleries. The year after, she and her husband settled in Sydney. Lempriere exhibited widely internationally, but tended to be neglected in Australia, although a retrospective at Woolloomooloo Gallery, Woolloomooloo, in 1993 did much to rehabilitate her reputation. A debilitating illness blighted her later years. Lempriere is well represented in public collections in Australia and America, including the Australian National Gallery in Canberra and Miami Museum of Modern Art, Florida, and the Daily Mirror Newspapers and Financial Times holdings.

Helen LEMPRIERE 1907–1991

Artist mainly in oil and watercolour, born in Hungerton, Lincolnshire, full title Sir Francis Le Marchant, Bart. There was an artistic tradition in most branches of his family, notably Fanny Le Marchant, the bird painter. He studied at Byam Shaw School of Drawing and Painting, 1959–62, then Royal Academy Schools, 1962–6. He was offered an extra year in the sculpture school. Teachers included Charles Mahoney, Peter Greenham, Bernard Dunstan, Edward Bawden and Anthony Eyton. In 1968 Le Marchant spent four months at Hornsey College of Art in textile department to study tapestry design. Landscape and architecture were two key themes in his paintings, traditional and realistic in approach. Group shows included RA Summer Exhibitions, Upper Grosvenor Galleries, Leicester Galleries and Oscar and Peter Johnson. Showed with Agnew from 1969 in solo shows, later ones including Sally Hunter and Patrick Seale Fine Art, 1986, and Roy Miles Gallery, 1996. Department of the Environment holds his work. Francis Le MARCHANT 1939–

Kalliopi LEMOS 1951– Artist,

born in Greece, who

Painter, designer and teacher who studied at Glasgow School of Art. She obtained a diploma in commercial and graphic design and obtained a job with Bernat Klein, a Galashiels-based fabric designer. For 15 years from then on taught art in Glasgow, married, studied with the Open University and travelled, but did little painting. In 1978 she exhibited at Peter Potter Gallery, Haddington, with a one-man the following year, in 1980 sharing a show at Stirling Gallery. Then Brenda LENAGHAN fl. from early 1960s–

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showed regularly in Scotland, including RSW of which she was a member, RSA and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. She gained the Anne Redpath Prize in 1975 and 1983 and the SSWA Special Award in 1980. Later exhibitions included Christopher Hull Gallery, 1988, and Duncan Campbell Fine Art and William Hardie, Glasgow, 1991. Her work is in collections worldwide. She travelled to countries including Russia, Tibet, China, Greece, Italy and Nepal, and they and their mythologies inspired her work.

commercial exhibition, organised by The Halcyon Gallery in association with Arthur Andersen, at International Convention Centre, Birmingham, 1994. The retrospective, of over 300 pictures, was aimed at raising up to £500,000 to buy properties adjacent to his studio. There was another retrospective at the Art Gallery, Wolverhampton, 1998. Sotheby’s at Olympia held a large studio sale of Lenkiewicz’s work, with an illustrated catalogue, in 2003.

Figurative artist and designer, born in Blackpool, who grew up in Hoylake, Cheshire, first wife of the Beatle musician John Lennon, whom she met in 1957. They were students at Liverpool Regional College of Art at the same time as Stuart Sutcliffe. Cynthia and John married in 1962, just before the Beatles cut their first single, Love Me Do, and had a son, Julian, a singer; they divorced in 1968 after John left her for Yoko Ono. Afterwards Cynthia remarried; in 1978 she published her autobiography Twist of Lennon; ran several restaurants; in 1983 gained a three-year contract to design bedding and textiles with Vantona Viyella, also doing other commercial work; in 1991 sold her Lennon relics at Christie’s; and 1995 in made a late début as a recording artist. In 1999 she shared a show with Phyllis McKenzie, a friend from art college days, at KDK Gallery, co-owned by Sutcliffe’s sister Pauline. By this time Cynthia had returned to full-time painting. Her KDK exhibits included cartoony drawings made to illustrate her autobiography. Her book John, a memoir of her former husband, appeared in 2005. She lived in Majorca with her fourth husband, Noel Charles. Cynthia LENNON 1939–

Patricia LENAGHAN 1958– Artist who obtained an honours degree from Glasgow School of Art, 1977– 81, gaining her master’s from Chelsea School of Art, 1981–2. Group shows included SSA, 1979; Glasgow Print Studio, 1980; New Generation Artists at Compass Gallery, Glasgow, 1981; Christie’s Inaugural Show and Minsky’s Gallery, both 1982; and Scottish Print Open Three, 1983, organised by Dundee Printmakers’ Workshop.

Barbara LENG-SMITH 1922– Artist in oil, watercolour and pastel, notable for portraits, born in the Isle of Man. She studied at Manchester with Harry Rutherford. Leng-Smith was a member of the Société des Artistes Français. She received an Hon. Mention at Paris Salon in 1969, the Silver Medal in 1972, and a Diplôme d’Honneur twice at Salon International, 1970–1. Showed with RP, RSA, Manchester Academy and in France and had a solo show at Tib Lane Gallery, Manchester. Lived in Hale, Cheshire.

Robert O LENKIEWICZ 1941–2002 Portrait painter and muralist, born of Jewish parents who moved to London in 1939 from Russia and Germany. His mother’s father was court painter to mad King Ludwig of Bavaria. Lenkiewicz attended St Martin’s School of Art and Royal Academy Schools. He painted on a large scale, one picture at St Martin’s being 360 feet long, 17 feet high. Later work was based on a series of themes, including the Jewish Holocaust. Settling in Plymouth, Devon, Lenkiewicz formed a large, valuable library, rooms having themes such as death, magic and metaphysics. Had his first

Architect, artist and designer, who attended Merchant Taylors’ School and University College. During Army service, 1939–45, during which he was mentioned in dispatches and won the Military Cross, was captured in France and later escaped, Lennon served in North Africa and Italy. From 1948–50 he was director of the Rayon Industry Design Centre, then went successfully into private practice. Main works included Jaeger shops, London Steak

Dennis LENNON 1918–1991

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Houses, co-ordination of the interior of the liner Queen Elizabeth II, Chalcot Housing Estate in Hampstead, the unusual boat-shaped central dining room at Harrow School and refurbishment of the Ritz Hotel. Was a member of RIBA and of Society of Industrial Artists and Designers and of the Savile Club, where he showed and sold work. Abbott and Holder also sold examples, after his death. Lennon designed the set for Richard Strauss’s opera Capriccio at Glyndebourne and a number of state galas at Royal Opera House. Lived in Watford, Hertfordshire.

York, Lennon’s pictures continued to be printed and exhibited. Compton Cassey Gallery, near Withington, showed works by Lennon with those of Miles Davis in 1996. Jonathan Poole (John Lennon Art Estate, UK) held a notable exhibition of lithographs, serigraphs and copper etchings, signed by Yoko Ono, at the Gallery in Cork Street in 2004. LENSMAN: see Humphrey spender

Versatile artist employing modern media, and lecturer, who graduated with honours John LENNON 1940–1980 Pop and Rock singer, in fine art from Sunderland Polytechnic, 1982–5, musician and songwriter, born in Liverpool. After and whose surname was, according to his agent an unsettled childhood and unpromising education Dominic Berning “eradicated from history.” at Quarry Bank grammar school, he attended the Berning showed the artist at both ART2000 and Regional College of Art there, 1957–60, teachers ART2001 at Islington’s Business Design Centre. including Philip Hartas, George Jardine and Arthur Leo was artist-in-residence, Wakefield 100 Ballard, where a fellow-student was the highly Festival, 1988, and was a visiting lecturer at Jacob gifted Stuart Sutcliffe. By this time Lennon was Kramer College Leeds. Previous mixed exhibitions involved with his first music group, the Quarry included Sleepwalkers, Red Herring Gallery, Men, which developed into the Beatles, known as Brighton, 1990; Light Fantastic!, Wallsall Museum the Fab Four, the most successful-ever Pop group, and Art Gallery, 1994; Whitechapel Art Gallery with which Sutcliffe was briefly involved. Lennon Open, 1996; and Young Art in Europe, GLK, proved a lazy art student and, although he continued Ghent, Belgium, 1998–9. Among his solo shows to draw all his life, his output remained mainly were Michael Cosar Gallery, Düsseldorf, Germany, cartoons and caricatures in the spirit of Spike 1998–9, and Monumental Sculpture, photographic Milligan and the radio comedy programme The and text-based works, at the University of Goon Show, of which Lennon was fond. These Hertfordshire, 2002. Projects LEO was involved found their way into his slim volumes In His Own in included Leeds Trades Union Congress Write, 1964, and A Spaniard In The Works, 1965. Unemployed Centre Mural, 1986; production of Lennon was first married to Cynthia Lennon, also the film The Short Life of a Happy Man, 1991–2; a student at the College of Art. In 1966, at the height acting as a film programmer at Whitechapel Art of the Beatles’ international success, he met the Gallery, 1994–8; as assistant editor of the film Japanese artist Yoko Ono, whom he married in publication PIX 2, 1997; and being shortlisted for 1969, an event followed by the famous “bed-in for the North Kensington Amenity Trust Public Art peace” in the luxurious honeymoon suite at Commission in 1999. Amsterdam Hilton. The bed-in was just one of the Charmian LEONARD fl. from 1950s– Artist in oil and high-profile media events that characterised drawing media, and teacher, who also used her Lennon’s later career. It and the wedding ceremony maiden name Charmian Leondopoulos to exhibit. were mentioned in The Ballad of John and Yoko, Was married to the sculptor Keith Leonard, their the Beatles’ last British number one hit disc, 1969. son Mark being a painter. She was born in London Following the demise of the group Lennon went and studied for her diploma at Chelsea School of his own way as a musician, recording a series of Art, 1953–5, and for an art teacher’s diploma at albums. After his shooting by an assassin in New Bournemouth School of Art; her teachers included LEO 1963–

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Ceri Richards, Prunella Clough and Vivian Pitchforth. Taught at Newcastle and Sunderland Schools of Art and at several adult education establishments. Leonard’s pictures, inspired by “the infinite variety, order and precision of existence”, by plants, stars, tides and so on, had a simplicity of approach bordering on the childlike, and drew on the landscape near home in St Ives, Cornwall. Shared shows with her husband at Limited Editions and Artisan Gallery, and Vision Gallery, Sheffield. Mixed exhibitions included Penwith Gallery in St Ives, Ashgate Gallery in Farnham and The Living Room. Had solo shows at Amalgam Gallery in Barnes and Brown’s Gallery, Penzance.

worked mainly as a painter, appearing in many group shows at Fischer Fine Art, which went on to represent him and where he had a series of solo shows. Also exhibited one-man at Harriet Griffin Gallery in New York, in 1977–8 had a retrospective at Gemeentemuseum in Arnhem, Netherlands, and in 1993 a solo show at Thomas Gibson Fine Art which made clear Leonard’s fine abilities as a painter of the nude in the classical tradition. Showed widely in mixed exhibitions on the continent and in America. The Boymans Van Beuningen Museum, Rotterdam, holds his work, as do Victoria & Albert Museum and National Portrait Gallery. It has Leonard’s portrait of HM The Queen, commissioned by Reader’s Digest to celebrate her sixtieth birthday. Lived in London.

Sculptor, painter and teacher, born in Birmingham, husband of the artist Charmian Leonard, their son being the painter Mark Leonard. Keith Leonard studied at Birmingham College of Arts and Crafts; from 1949–52 at Slade School of Fine Art under A H Gerrard, whom he termed a “marvellous teacher”; and with Ossip Zadkine, in Paris, 1953. He was an assistant to Barbara Hepworth, 1955–9. As well as a period teaching at Stourbridge School of Art, Leonard was head of sculpture at Sunderland School of Art, 1959–62, and at Farnham School of Art, 1964–7. Mixed exhibitions included Tate Gallery, 1958; New Art Centre, 1986; and Artists from Cornwall at RWA, 1992; he was a member of the Penwith Society in St Ives, where he lived. Solo shows included Drian Gallery, 1958, and a retrospective at Penwith Gallery, St Ives, 1994. The bronze Pavlova, 1992, in the RWA show was a good example of the grace and elegance of Leonard’s abstract style. Barbara Hepworth and Ben Nicholson acquired Leonard’s work, which is also held by Birmingham City Museum and Art Gallery and Farnborough Library. Keith LEONARD 1921–1993

Charmian LEONDOPOULOS: see Charmian Leonard

Anne LEONE fl. from early 1980s– Painter and teacher,

married to the artist Daniel Ludwig, who obtained a bachelor’s degree in fine arts at Boston University, 1981, her master’s degree at University of Cincinnati in 1985. She showed extensively in America in group and solo shows, being represented by galleries in New York, Kentucky and New England. In England she had a series of solo exhibitions at Cadogan Contemporary from 1988. Taught at UMass Dartmouth and lived in Newport, Rhode Island. Dante LEONELLI 1931– Versatile artist, researcher,

Michael LEONARD 1933– Painter and illustrator, full

name Douglas Michael Leonard, born in Bangalore, India. He was educated at Stonyhurst College, then St Martin’s School of Art, where he studied graphic design, 1954–7. For 15 years Leonard worked as an illustrator. From 1972 he

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consultant and teacher, born in Chicago, Illinois, America, who attended the Art Institute of Chicago, 1949–53, and Courtauld Institute of Art, 1955–9. Leonelli went on to establish a wide-ranging international career. He headed the plastics research unit at the Royal College of Art, 1967–8; was professor of advanced sculpture, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1968–9; of inter-dimensional concepts, University of Iowa, 1977–8; and of graduate sculpture, University of Washington, Seattle, 1983–4. He lectured in the school of photography/holography, Royal College of Art, 1986–7. Leonelli was also senior lecturer, fine art school, Middlesex University, 1981–97. Alongside these posts, between 1970–97 he was visiting

professor of art and visiting artist at a string of American seats of learning. His many wide-ranging research projects encompassed tungsten/neon light-plasma structures, J D Mooney Foundation in America, 1965, through the influence of traditional technologies on recent design, Japan, 1973; Iran Gulf War Proposal, Imperial War Museum, 1987; solar IPS units, pollution/meteorological sensors, Crested Butte, America, 1995; to light-emitting diodes/solar panel configurations, 2002. Leonelli’s awards included first prizes, London Transport, Holborn Underground Station Proposal, 1980, and British Airport Authority, Gatwick Arrivals Terminal Proposal, 1990. A string of global consultancies latterly included work on the restructuring of the Academy of Art in Tirana, Albania, 1997; being lead artist and selector with architect Piers Gough for the Notting Hill Gate Improvement Group, 1999; and involvement in the Waiheke Island Todd Project, New Zealand, 2003. While at the Royal College of Art, 1967–8, Leonelli with Michael McKinnon and Robert Janz founded Continuum, which toured five major museums until its arrival at Hayward Gallery, 1970, the first kinetic light exhibition there. As a sculptor, painter, installations, photography, video and performance artist Leonelli showed solo at major venues around the world. Public galleries holding his work included Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, Massachusetts, America; Galerie Der Spiegel, Cologne, Germany; University of Iowa; National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia; and Kustmuseum, Basel, Switzerland; plus corporate, embassy and private collections. Leonelli had a base in London.

Kim C LEONG fl. from 1950s– Versatile painter, born in Malaya, who was educated there and later studied modern languages in England and the Netherlands. From 1960–85 she travelled extensively on the continent, in North America, Mexico and Southeast Asia, where meeting with other artists influenced her work. This had an underpinning of traditional Chinese education and the practice of calligraphy. Chinese brush and silk

painting were notable features of her work. Between 1952–67 she took part in the Annual Exhibition in Malaysia, winning first prizes in 1953–4. British appearances included Aron College, Wales, 1972; East & West Art Exhibition, Lauderdale House, 1990; and Primrose Hill Gallery, 1993, where she shared a show. She was also known as Leong Shao Ling.

Simon LE RUEZ 1970– Artist

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and lecturer, born in Jersey, Channel Islands, who “uses sculpture, installation and drawing to establish a dialogue which reflects on childhood memories, unrequited feelings and the places we may go to in order to seek relief. My work is characterised by the deliberate staging or suggestion of conflicting comforts.” Le Ruez gained an art and design diploma at Exeter College of Art, 1990; an honours degree in fine art, Kennington School of Art, 1994; and his master’s in sculpture at Winchester School of Art, 1995. “Notable teachers were John Gibbons and Tim Marlow and influences have included Miroslav Balka, Robert Adams, Doris Salcedo, Luc Tuymans and Raymond Carver.” Awards and scholarships included a Barreau Art Scholarship, 1992; Beckwith Travel Scholarship, Arizona/California, 1993; Barreau Art Scholarship, Jersey Museum, 1994; Council Travel Prize, Paris, 1996; Kingsgate Workshop Award, 1998; Individual Artist Award and Research and Development Award, Yorkshire Arts Board, both 2001; Arts Council Travel Award, New York, 2002; and Inspiral Creativity Award, 2003. Residencies and research included Faculty de Belle Arts, Valencia, Spain, 1997; and a Research project into the notion of ‘archive’, 2003. Le Ruez held a number of lecturing posts, among them latterly University of Derby and Nottingham Trent School of Art and Design, both 2003. He gained two Sheffield public art commissions: for a Waymarker, Rivlen Valley, 2002, and ‘Response’ Sound Sculpture for Millennium Galleries, 2001. Later group shows included Mongrel Monitor, Site Gallery, Sheffield, 2001; Postcard Show, Surface Gallery, Nottingham, and Return to Sender. Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford, both 2003; and Marks in

and writer, born and lived in London, who originally exhibited under her maiden name Helen Brook. She was educated at the Slade School of Fine Art, 1924–8, under Henry Tonks and Tancred Borenius, where she was a prize winner, and in 1931 began working as secretary at the Beaux Arts Gallery, founded by her husband, the sculptor Frederick Lessore. She married him in 1934, John Lessore the artist being their son. Helen Lessore took over running the gallery from 1952–65, then became a full-time painter. Under her direction the semi-moribund Beaux Arts was revitalised, and she gave first exhibitions to Auerbach and Kossoff, showed Freud, Aitchison and Uglow and championed the Kitchen Sink School painters such as Middleditch, Greaves and Jack Smith. She exhibited in Marlborough Fine Art’s Helen Lessore and the Beaux Arts Gallery, 1968; at 12 Duke Street in 1981; and had a retrospective at Fine Art Society in 1987. Her book A Partial Testament was published in 1986, the year she was elected RA.

Space, Usher Gallery, Lincoln, 2004. Among his solo exhibitions were Threats and Promises, Bloc Space, Sheffield, 2003; and Acts of Generosity, Castlefield Gallery, Manchester, and Stories of Solitude, Arhus Kunstbygning (Museum of Modern Art), Arhus, Denmark, both 2005. Private collections in Britain and abroad held works by Le Ruez, who lived in Sheffield.

Zbigniew LES 1914– Sculptor, woodcarver and artist

in paper, brought up in Poland, his original name being Leszczyński. Service with Polish Army in Britain during World War II. He was a son of the Polish artist Konstanty Leszczyński, with whom he studied, and also taught himself in Britain and in several countries on the continent. Also studied at Warsaw and Edinburgh Universities, finally settling in Edinburgh. Exhibited RSA, SSA and elsewhere.

Cecil Mary LESLIE 1900–1980 Painter, sculptor, illustrator, printmaker and furniture designer. She was the daughter of Sir Norman Leslie and was born in London. Studied at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art, 1919, at the London School of Photolithography and Engraving and at the Central School of Arts and Crafts. In the mid-1920s she taught at Grosvenor School of Modern Art. Served as a nurse in both World Wars. Showed at RA, RSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, RCamA, in the provinces and overseas. Illustrated several dozen books. British Museum and National Portrait Gallery hold her work. Lived finally in Blakeney, Norfolk. Frederick LESSORE 1879–1951 Sculptor and painter,

born in Brighton, son of the artist Jules Lessore. Studied art in Paris and London, in 1906 gaining a medal at the Royal Academy Schools. Member of the Art Workers’ Guild. Exhibited RA, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, and elsewhere. Major Lessore modelled many statues and busts in England and abroad. He founded the Beaux Arts Gallery which his wife, the painter Helen Lessore, took over after his death. Lived in London.

Helen LESSORE 1907–1994

Painter, gallery owner

Painter and teacher, born in London where he continued to live. He studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1957–61, gaining an Abbey Minor Travelling Scholarship to Italy in the latter year. In 1965 he had a one-man show at Beaux Arts Gallery, run by his mother, the painter Helen Lessore. Other one-man shows included Ashgate Gallery in Farnham; New Art Centre; Nigel Greenwood Gallery, 1990, where Lessore’s brand of Expressionism concentrated on the subject of artist and model; Christchurch Mansion, Ipswich, 1999; Ranger’s House, Blackheath, 2000; Berkeley Square Gallery, 2002; and Chappel Galleries, Chappel, 2004. This included a portrait of his mother and the intimate, family-oriented work for which he was noted. In 1965 he took a post teaching at Royal Academy Schools, from 1978 teaching at Norwich School of Art. In 2003, he was appointed a trustee of the board of the National Gallery for four years. Arts Council holds his work. In 2004, Lessore’s picture Six British Paralympic Athletes was unveiled at the National Portrait Gallery, an imaginative commission as the artist, as well as being a fine figure painter, was himself John LESSORE 1939–

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a paraplegic. Twenty-four related studies were Arthur LETT-HAINES: see Lett Haines shown by Annely Juda. John LETTS 1930– Sculptor, son of the designer Thérèse LESSORE 1884–1945 Artist, daughter of the Joseph Letts, born in Birmingham, where he painter Jules Lessore and sister of the sculptor studied at the Birmingham School of Art under the Frederick Lessore. She was the third wife of the head of sculpture William Bloye, 1945–9. Showed painter Walter Sickert, who described her as “a in London and widely in the Midlands. In 1985 he Persian miniature”, having previously been married completed a statue of the novelist George Eliot for to the artist Bernard Adeney. She was born in the centre of Nuneaton, Warwickshire, near where Brighton and after attending the South-Western she had lived. Public gallery in Stratford-uponPolytechnic Art School was at Slade School of Avon also holds Letts’ work. He lived at Astley, Fine Art, 1904–9, where she won the Melville near Nuneaton. Nettleship Prize for Figure Composition. She showed at LG, NEAC and Goupil Gallery and had Marian LEVEN 1944– Painter in oil and acrylic of first solo exhibition at Eldar Gallery, with a mostly landscape-based work, born in Edinburgh, catalogue preface by Sickert. She married him in married to the artist Will Maclean. She studied at 1926, shared a love of the music-hall and circus Gray’s School of Art, Aberdeen, 1962–6. Was a with him, which was reflected in her work, and member of RSW, also showing at RSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, with the nursed him until his death. Aberdeen Artists and at various Scottish galleries. Allie LESTAS 1959– After studying at Medway She won the Noble Grossart Prize in 1997. Fife College of Design, 1979–80, Lestas graduated with Regional Council holds her work. Lived in Tayport, honours from Camberwell School of Arts and Fife. Crafts, 1980–4. In 1986 Lestas was included in a London Fashion Centre Exhibition, London Pride, Ben LEVENE 1938– Painter and teacher, born in at Lamont Gallery, and Body Adornment Show, at London. He studied at Slade School of Fine Art, Adam Gallery; and in 1989 in East End Open 1956–61, gaining the Boise Scholarship which enabled him to work in Spain, 1961–2. From 1959 Studios, based at Unit 7, Peckham Road. Levene began appearing in group exhibitions at Michal LESZCZYN´SKI 1906–1972 Painter, mural Beaux Arts Gallery, RA, LG and abroad. After artist and draughtsman, born in Dolina, Poland, sharing a show with Olwyn Bowey at New Grafton specialising in ships and the sea. As well as Gallery in 1969 he had the first of several solo studying at nautical and musical colleges in exhibitions at Thackeray Gallery in 1973. Also Warsaw, he studied art at the State Academy in showed regularly with Browse & Darby. Usually Cracow, anatomy at the University there and signed work with a B L monogram, although early privately in England, in which he settled for some work used Gerald Levene, his given name. Taught years. In England was for a period a navigation part-time at Camberwell School of Art and Royal officer in the Admiralty, having sailed Academy Schools and was elected RA in 1986. professionally while in Poland. Was an expert on Work in many public collections. Levene was a sailing ships and published, among other books, rich Colourist, handling genre, landscape and still How to Draw Sail and Sea. Exhibited in England life in oil and watercolour. He was married to the at RA, NS and RI and had several one-man shows painter Susan Williams and lived in London and in London and New York. Polish Embassy in Herefordshire. London and Port of London Authority hold his work. Lived for a time in Copnor, Hampshire, later Gerald LEVENE: see Ben LEVENE in Montego Bay, Jamaica. Rosie LEVENTON fl. from 1970s– Artist who studied 61

Chinese language and archaeology at London

University, 1974–5. Then attended Croydon College of Art, 1976–9, followed by postgraduate course at St Martin’s School of Art, 1980–1. Maggi Hambling, Eddie Wolfram, Barry Martin and John Bellamy were cited as influences on her career, which included teaching in Birmingham and at Byam Shaw School of Art. Her False Floor (4), an object measuring 192 inches x 312 inches x 4 inches and created from copper briquettes, was a notable feature of the 1992 East & South Norwich Gallery/Kent Institute of Art and Design show. Other group shows included LG from 1981; Eaumages, Festival of Installations, Villedieu Cultural Centre in Paris, 1984; and Manchester City Art Gallery, 1987. Had series of solo shows from LYC Museum & Art Gallery, Cumbria, 1983, later ones including Serpentine Gallery, 1987, Woodlands Art Gallery, 1989, Gardner Arts Centre, Brighton, 2001, and Standpoint Gallery, 2002, her sculptural installation The Bakery of Secrets being funded through the Mark Tanner Award. Held a sculpture residency at Glasgow Garden Festival, 1988.

artist and writer Robert Gibbings). Born in London, she was educated there, then in South Africa, where she lived for almost 12 years from 1937 and was involved for a time in hospital and social work. Obtained a diploma from Continental School of Art in Cape Town under Maurice van Essche, 1947–9, a Belgian who had worked under Matisse, whose pictures, with those of Cézanne, greatly influenced Lever’s output. This was distinguished by clarity and simplicity of form and colour, representational and abstract styles which evolved throughout her life. In England, from 1949–52 she studied under Kenneth Martin, Peter de Francia, Frederick Gore, John Napper, Vivian Pitchforth, Harold Workman, James Bateman, Barry Craig and John Wheatley at St Martin’s School of Art. She was one of a post-diploma group of 10 artists working for a year under the principal Edward Morss. She also spent time at the Anglo-French Summer School, 1949. In the mid-1950s she worked for the Bolton Theatre Club’s productions. Mixed exhibitions included The Castle, Cape Town, tercentenary exhibition, 1952; Young Artists from the Commonwealth, Imperial Institute, 1953; the first Gainsborough’s House Society Exhibition, Sudbury, 1959; with Tuesday Painting Group, Guntons Coffee Shop, Colchester, 1974; and Colchester Art Society from 1979. Had a first solo exhibition at Alpine Gallery, 1978. Died in Ovington, Suffolk.

Jake LEVER 1963– Painter who earned an honours

degree in fine art from University of Reading, 1981–5; was artist-in-residence, Radley College, 1985–6; gained his teaching certificate from the University of Leeds, 1988–9; and his fine art master’s at The University of Central England, Birmingham, 1992–4. Lever used abstract imagery, drawing inspiration from the past, but produced paintings which were “entirely contemporary, simultaneously looking backwards and forwards.” From the mid-1990s Lever used egg tempera on gessoed panels with gold or silver leaf, a technique learned from the icon painter Peter Murphy. Group shows included Paperworks, The Black Swan Guild, Frome, 1990; Malvern Workshop, Malvern, 1992; and Wilson Stephens Fine Art, from 1999. Among later solo shows were The Old Grammar School, King’s Norton, from 1996. Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery holds his work.

Painter, printmaker and teacher, born in Nottingham, who studied at the College of Art there, 1957–61, then Royal Academy Schools, 1962–5. In the latter year Leverett had the first of a series of shows at Redfern Gallery and exhibited in Young Contemporaries, in 1967 at John Moores Liverpool Exhibition and in 1968 in Britain Painting and Sculpture at Whitechapel Art Gallery and the RA bicentary exhibition. Other one-man shows were held at Bear Lane Gallery, Oxford; Ikon Gallery, Birmingham; ICA and overseas; and Jill George Gallery, 1995 and 2001. Leverett taught at Slade School of Fine Joan LEVER 1925–1997 Artist in oil, watercolour Art and Reading University. He produced both and gouache (she worked latterly as Joan Lever abstract and landscape pictures, sometimes large Gibbings, being married for a time to the son of David LEVERETT 1938–

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and epic in conception, as with his Sacred Gardens Margaret LEVINSON 1926– Artist who was born and shown at Redfern in 1990. Leverett’s work is in educated in Bournemouth, Hampshire, where she numerous major international collections, studied at the College of Art, teachers including including Tate Gallery, Arts Council and British the sculptor Hermon Cawthra and etcher Leslie Council. Ward. She went on to specialise in coloured etching and aquatints of Wessex and evolved unique ink Anthony LEVETT-PRINSEP: see Anthony PRINSEP and watercolour techniques. Hampshire Museum Service commissioned her to create 50 etchings of Sylvia LEVINE 1911–1998 Painter of works with poetic, tranquil, lyrical qualities, based in Bristol. water-mills in the area. Was a member of the She married her second husband, Nathan Levine, Printmakers’ Council. Mixed exhibitions included in 1942, and from her fortieth year painted regularly Ben Uri Gallery from 1974; Russell-Cotes Art to fill time while her son John was at boarding Gallery, Bournemouth from 1978; and school. She attended classes at Queen’s Road (later Printmakers’ Council, Leighton House, 1982. Solo part of Filton College), where some of the tutors shows included Poole Central Library, 1974, later bought her work. There she could paint from the one-mans comprising Medici Galleries and Dean life model, using her fingers and matchsticks Galleries, San Jose, California, both 1986. Ben Uri instead of brushes. The supports are often Art Society and many other collections worldwide hardboard and cardboard scraps. The Milwaukee- hold examples. based collector of naïve art Anthony Petullo acquired Levine’s pictures and included them in Self-Taught and Outsider Art: The Anthony Petullo Collection, 2001. Levine often showed at the RA Summer Exhibition and RWA and was given a memorial show, A Quiet Persistent Painter, at Art Garden, Bristol, 2001.

Rachel LEVITAS 1964– Painter and printmaker who

gained her foundation diploma and honours degree at Camberwell School of Art, 1982–6; studied advanced printmaking part-time at Central St Martins School of Art, 1988–90; then gained a postgraduate diploma from Royal Academy of Art, 1990–3. Awards included John Purcell Print Prize and W H Patterson Prize for Objective Painting, both 1991; Turner Gold Medal, 1992; and in 1993 Trent Bridge Travelling Scholarship and David Murray Landscape Award. Group shows included Fresh Art at Barbican Centre, 1987; RA Summer Exhibition, from 1990; Royal Over-Seas League Open, 1992; and Whitechapel Open Studios, 1994. Had a solo show, Half Light, at Rebecca Hossack Gallery, 1989, another at The Cut Gallery, 1996.

John LEVINSON 1949–1979 Artist, notably in watercolour and gouache, and writer, educated at Bedales, who graduated in architecture from King’s College, Cambridge, 1968–71. From 1971–3 he took the advanced course in painting at St Martin’s School of Art, returning to Cambridge to pass his first diploma examination in 1974. From then Levinson devoted himself to painting, writing and travelling widely, completing the first draft of a novel in 1976. It and a volume of poetry were privately published after Levinson had taken his own life after mental illness. Underlying Levinson’s output was a preoccupation with “the right relationship between ourselves and others, and between humanity and the nature of which it is a part”, as Michael Archer wrote in the catalogue for the exhibition at Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge, in 2001–2. This followed others at St Martin’s, 1980, and King’s College, 2001.

Małgorzata LEVITTOUX 1958– Painter, born

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in Warsaw, Poland, who studied in the studios of Professors J Sienicki and W Kruczkowski at the Warsaw Academy of Fine Arts, graduating in 1984. She left Poland in 1987 and completed a one-year postgraduate course at Byam Shaw School of Art. Group shows included Painters 88 at Mall Galleries, Tabernacle Gallery and Open Print Show at Bankside Gallery, all 1988; Contemporary Portrait Society, Brockwell Arts Festival and John Player Portrait Competition at National Portrait

Gallery, where she gained an Hon. Mention, all 1989; and Stockwell Arts Festival, 1989 and 1990. Levittoux was in a three-artist show at Combined Harvest Gallery, 1988. Among her solo exhibitions were KMPiK “Bielany”, Widok Gallery, and Gallery of the Young, both in Warsaw, 1986; Framers Gallery, London, 1988; Tearooms des Artistes, 1989; and Morley Gallery, 1990.

From childhood was a friend of Dylan Thomas, his portrait of the poet held by the National Portrait Gallery. At the Royal College Levy won the Herbert Read Prize for Drawing at the 1935 annual students exhibition. Exhibited at RWA and elsewhere, solo shows including Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea. During World War II attended Royal Military College at Sandhurst, becoming a captain in the Royal Army Educational Corps. After the war he was an overseas arts lecturer to the War Office, with the honorary rank of lieutenantcolonel. Held a series of teaching posts, including adult education department at Bristol University, then Royal West of England Academy in Bristol, and he also taught at London University’s extramural studies department; appeared on The Critics programme on BBC radio and for several years had his own television series Painting for Housewives; he was associate editor of Art News and Review and features editor of The Studio. Wrote many books, including Painter’s Progress, monographs on L S Lowry, Henri Gaudier-Brzeska and Scottie Wilson, and in 1982 published autobiographical fragments Reflections In A Broken Mirror. Chelsea Arts Club member who lived in London.

Painter, draughtsman, collagist and teacher, born in Manchester, with which his career was closely associated, and where he first showed, in 1924. He studied art in Manchester, London and Paris. Went on to teach in Manchester and at Stockport College. Although for a time he was interested in Cubism and Surrealism, Levy discarded them for a more naturalistic style, although within it his range was wide. His central theme was the human condition, in which he produced some powerful works. Was also a fine portrait draughtsman. Had six solo shows in Manchester between 1925–63 plus a number in London. There was a retrospective at Salford City Art Gallery, 1948; another at Fieldborne Galleries, 1976; and one at Stockport Art Gallery, 1982. National Portrait Gallery, Ben Uri Gallery and galleries in Manchester, Stockport and Salford hold his work. Latterly lived in Simon LEVY 1963– Painter, born in Johannesburg, Alicante, Spain. who spent his formative years in South Africa, moving to England in the early 1980s. He studied Isa LEVY 1948– Artist in a range of media but mainly painting at St Martin’s School of Art, winning the in oil, born in Cardiff, who studied at the Slade Cartier Foundation Prize in 1988. Spent a period School of Fine Art, 1994–5. Her theatrical as artist-in-residence at Foundation for background showed in her work which was noted Contemporary Art at Jouy-en-Josas, France. Levy for its wide range of subjects, “warmth, passion showed in many mixed exhibitions, including and textural brush marks.” Group shows included Whitechapel Open; had a first London solo show, Mall Galleries and Not the Royal Academy at Between Location and Identity, curated by Rear Llewellyn Alexander Gallery, both 1997. Among Window, in 1992; and in 1995 his show Alchemy, solo exhibitions were Lauderdale House, Highgate, based on travels in Mexico and South Africa and near where she lived, 1996, and Quaker Gallery, an interest in jazz and modern music, was put on 2002. by Austin/Desmond Fine Art. Emmanuel LEVY 1900–1986

LEVY 1914–1996 Writer, lecturer, broadcaster and painter, born in Swansea, south Wales. He attended the Grammar School and School of Art there, then Royal College of Art under Sir William Rothenstein and Gilbert Spencer.

Mervyn

Sculptor, painter and draughtsman who studied at St Martin’s School of Art, 1977–80, then after a year in SPACE Studios, Wapping, was at Royal College of Art, 1981–4. Was Henry Moore Fellow at Wimbledon School

Viv LEVY fl. from late 1970s–

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New School and worked as medical and scientific illustrator for the American government, both 1952; studied at the Art Students’ League, 1956; moved to Israel, 1960, for a time illustrating for a children’s magazine and a major health service; then attended Camden Arts Centre for Printmaking, 1973. Her many group exhibitions included Printmakers’ Council, from 1984; RA Summer Exhibition, from 1985; Ben Uri Gallery, 1986; RE, 1992; Hunting Art Prizes, from 1996; PS, 1998; and Art Celebrates Life, Lauderdale House, 2002. Solo exhibitions included Kopel House, 1985, and Conrich House, 1986 and 1987.

of Art, 1989–90. Painted murals as part of Islington Schools Project in 1977, in 1987 gaining a commission for London Borough of Newham. Wrote Life Drawing: A Beginner’s Guide, 1993. Mixed shows included Art at Work, RIBA, 1988; Artist’s Choice at Angela Flowers Gallery, 1992; and 1st RWA Open Sculpture Exhibition, 1993. Solo exhibitions included Castlefield Gallery, Manchester, 1991. Lived in London.

Elzbieta LEWANDOWSKA 1940– Painter, writer and critic, born in Lublin, Poland, who studied Polish literature at the Higher School of Education (WSP), Gdansk, gaining her master’s degree in 1965. She moved to London in 1967 and began to paint in the early 1970s, becoming a member of the Association of Polish Artists in Great Britain in 1986, eventually its secretary. She was also an art critic, contributing articles and reviews to Dziennik and Tydzien´ Polski (Polish Daily and Polish Weekly). Lewandowska had a solo show at POSK Gallery in 1993 and there in 1995 was included in Form and Colour, Congress of Polish Culture Exhibition of Fine Arts by Polish Artists in Britain.

Landscape painter, born in Manchester, inspired by the coast and moorland areas of north Devon and Cornwall where he painted on the spot. “Capturing the sense of place amongst the constantly changing weather, light, tides and seasons is my challenge”. He completed a fine art degree at Bristol Polytechnic, 1989, worked around St Just-in-Penwith, Cornwall for 10 years, then settled in Bideford, Devon. He had periods of residency on Nantucket Island, off America’s east coast and at more remote British island locations: Bardsey, Orkney, Scilly and Lundy. Took part in many London and provincial group shows. He was The Great Atlantic Map Works Gallery, St Just, first director of art; in 2001 it gave him a solo show, coincident with the appearance of his book Being There, with another, in 2002–3, with his book Touchstones. Paul LEWIN 1967–

Versatile artist and designer, born in Mansfield, Nottinghamshire, who attended Newcastle University, 1974–8, from 1980–4 being a member of the Impact Theatre Cooperative, as set and production designer, in Leeds in London, where he eventually settled. Exhibitions included International Print Biennale, Bradford, 1990; European Large Format Print Exhibition, Dublin, Ireland (prize winner), 1992; Bradford Open Print Exhibition (prize winner), 1993; Beyond the “Wow” Factor, New York State University and United Kingdom tour, 1994–5; and The Large Print Show, Christchurch Mansion, Ipswich, 1997. The year before Lewandowski had participated in The International Symposium of Shadows with the film/kinetic installation The Stumbling Machine. Simon LEWANDOWSKI 1952–

Printmaker and illustrator, producing richly coloured, stylised work, who was born in New York, America. She studied at the High School of Music & Art, from 1948; attended

Sue LEWINGTON 1946– Versatile artist and teacher,

Annette LEWIN 1933–

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born in Middlesex, whose landscapes concentrated on west Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly, where from 1989 she lived at St Martins and ran the North Farm Gallery. After training at Harrow School of Art in the mid-1960s, Lewington worked in London as a freelance illustrator until moving to Cornwall in 1975. After having two daughters and running a smallholding, she sold etchings through a London agent and in the early 1980s began teaching adults and in local schools. Exhibited widely in the southwest of England, notably at Trelissick and Lanhydrock National Trust Galleries and published books, the first, Sketches of Scilly,

appearing in 1997. Another, Looking Westwards – from St Ives to Land’s End, was published in 2001 to coincide with her solo show at The Great Atlantic Map Works Gallery, St Just-in-Penwith.

ARTfutures, Contemporary Art Society, 2002. She shared an exhibition, Identikit, Kingsgate Gallery, 2001, and had a solo show, First Edition, Canary Wharf, 1999. Lived in north London.

Aletta M LEWIS 1904– Painter and medical artist, born in Orpington, Kent, married to the sculptor Denis C Dunlop. She studied at Beckenham School of Art and the Slade School of Fine Art under Henry Tonks. Taught for a while in Sydney Art School, Australia, and showed there. Also exhibited NEAC, LG, Goupil Gallery and in Paris. Published the book They call them Savages. Lived in London.

Andrew LEWIS 1968– Draughtsman and modelmaker who developed an idiosyncratic language of architectonics and design. Born in London, Lewis studied at North London University and at the Mackintosh School of Architecture, Glasgow. In his 2001 show Ark Royale with Cheese, at Laurent Delaye Gallery, Lewis presented a series of highly detailed drawings in which an imposing warship was installed in the middle of a Georgian Square. Fig-1, in 2000, showed allegories of urban projects as a way to submit imaginary proposals concentrating on futuristic scenarios. Among later Lewis exhibitions were Systems, at InIVA, and White Van Men GB, Galerie Serieuze Zaken, Amsterdam, both 2002; Photo Opportunities, New Art Gallery, Walsall, 2004; The Misfits, Attitudes, Espace d’Arts Contemporains, Geneva, 2005; and Crown Imperial, comprising digital prints and sculptures, at Gimpel Fils, 2005–6. Lived in Croydon, Surrey.

Alfred Neville LEWIS 1895–1972 Painter, born in Cape

Town, South Africa, who divided his life mainly between that country and England. Studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1914, then served during World War I in several countries on continent. Lewis was a prolific exhibitor, being a member of NEAC, NS and RP, also showing at Leicester Galleries, Goupil Gallery, Redfern Gallery and elsewhere. He had his first solo show at Carfax Gallery in 1920. During World War II he was an Official War Artist with the South African forces. A number of public collections including Tate Gallery hold his work, which is notable for its portraits and figure studies, Ann LEWIS 1962– Artist in mixed media, lino-cut often of low life. and etching, born in St Asaph, Flintshire, who gained an honours degree in graphic design from Anastasia LEWIS 1943– Versatile artist and designer Exeter College of Art & Design, 1985–8. Was a who, after training in theatre design at the Central member of RCamA and its hon. secretary. Lewis’ School of Art, worked in theatre, television and special interest was the “interpretation of Welsh films, 1963–92, taking short courses in printmaking landscape, in particular its waterfalls”. As well as and painting at Chelsea and Central St Martins, RCamA, took part in group shows at Tegfryn 1990–2. During 1978–88 she also ran her own Gallery, Anglesey; Exchange Theatre, Manchester; television and film costume hire company, Arts Centre, Aberystwyth; and Theatr Clwyd, Clothespeg, with six full-time staff and a pool of Mold. Shared a show at Hanover Galleries, outworkers. From 1992 Lewis did her own work Liverpool, 1996. National Library of Wales in “mainly in paint, but I also use collage and Aberystwyth holds her work. Lived in Gerlan, photography. My work concerns the exploration Bethesda, Gwynedd. and subversion of the grid. It is sourced from contemporary architecture, electronic circuit Audrey LEWIS: see Audrey SANT boards and the warp and weft of woven textiles.” Later exhibitions included Eastern Open, Norwich, Bill LEWIS 1953– Artist, poet, story-teller and and Cheltenham Open Drawing Competition, both mythographer, born in Maidstone, Kent. After 1997; Kettle’s Yard Open, Cambridge, 1998; Brent secondary modern school, from 1968–76 was a Open, Willesden Green Library, 2001; and truck unloader, terminating in a breakdown, 66

spent all his life, finally living in an old people’s home in Aberystwyth. He began to draw at classes organised by the Red Cross when he was aged about 60. Chapels were his chief subject and he took part in the WAC 1972 An Alternative Tradition exhibition.

attempted suicide and psychiatric treatment. In 1977–8 did a foundation course at Medway College, from 1978–82 was a hospital porter, then became a “full-time artist with occasional forays into tomato picking.” Lewis believed strongly in the importance of mythology, was a member of the School for Prophets and painted “magical realist” pictures. Was a member of the Stuckists, exhibiting in their 2001 Artbank Gallery show. He published five books of poems, one of short stories and performed widely, including Nicaragua and America.

Painter and teacher, born in Wigan, Lancashire. He studied at Manchester Polytechnic, 1973–4, at Leeds Polytechnic as a scholar, taught at Thomas Danby College, Leeds, 1978–82, and was artist-in-residence in Swansea, 1990. Lewis was some time a visiting lecturer in France and Australia. Lewis’ group appearances included St Paul’s Gallery, Leeds, and Elizabethan Gallery, Wakefield, 1981; Huddersfield City Art Gallery, 1982; Leeds City Art Gallery and Bankside Gallery, 1984; Ginnel Gallery, Manchester, 1987; and Gainsborough’s House, Sudbury, 1990. He had a one-man show at Bridge Arts Centre, Widnes, in 1980, others including a series at Christopher Hull Gallery from 1985. Also had a solo exhibition at Glynn Vivian Gallery, Swansea, 1991. His work is in private and public collections, including those of Calderdale, Sunderland, Huddersfield and Bradford. Lewis’ work included pictures tending towards abstraction with landscape references, in muted earth colours.

David LEWIS 1955–

Artist who moved to Norfolk in 1980, where he depicted with humour and pathos the lives of people and the architectural oddities of the county’s coastal region. Lewis did a foundation course at Epsom School of Art, 1963– 4; gained a diploma pass with honours at Guildford School of Art, 1964–7; attended the Royal Academy Schools, 1967–70, winning various prizes, including a bronze medal for painting; then gained a pass with distinction on the advanced printmaking course at Croydon School of Art, 1979–80. Mixed exhibitions included RA Summer Exhibition, Goldmark Gallery in Uppingham, Wells Centre at Wells-next-the-Sea, and Morley Gallery. Solo shows included James Colman Fine Art, 1996. Brian LEWIS 1947–

Painter and advertising Charles LEWIS 1916– Sculptor and teacher, born in director, born in Bristol, where he continued to Southsea, Hampshire. He studied at Portsmouth live. He began studying art during Army service, College of Art, 1932–6, then at Royal College of continuing at West of England College of Art, Art, 1936–9, with Richard Garbe. In 1946 Lewis Bristol, in 1948–52. Showed locally and was for gained a Royal Exhibition and Continuation a time president of the Bristol Savages. Scholarship. Went on to become head of sculpture at Kingston College of Art and Polytechnic, 1947– Ffiona LEWIS 1964– Versatile artist and architect, 78. Lewis completed commissions for private whose works, which involved “a lengthy process architects, Greater London Council and Ministry of engagement with the subject” using a limited of Public Building and Works. He was a fellow of range of colours, quietly explored familiar RBS and a member of Art Workers’ Guild. Lived domestic icons in still lifes and landscapes. After latterly in New York, where the Weston Press spending her formative years in Devon, Lewis Gallery gave him a retrospective in 1983, finally gained an honours degree in architecture at The Polytechnic of Central London, 1983–7, obtaining settling in France. her architecture diploma there, 1988–90. She then Daniel LEWIS 1908– Painter and draughtsman, born studied at Central St Martins School of Art before in Trefenter, Cardiganshire, a locality where he turning to painting professionally, balancing this Dennis LEWIS 1928–

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with architectural work and scenic painting for the Royal National Theatre and English National Opera. Mixed shows included Fine Art Consultancy, at various venues, from 1993; Kate Chertavian Fine Art, from 1995; and The Wills Lane Gallery, St Ives, 1996. Had solo shows at The Royal National Theatre and The Wren at St James’, both 1993, later ones including Gordon Hepworth Fine Art, Newton St Cyres, 1996, and Redfern and Northcote Galleries, both 2003. Signed work with initials and date.

H E LEWIS fl. c. 1960-late–1990s Spare-time landscape painter, born in South Kensington, who was professionally in the Royal Air Force. After this he took up painting, apparently essentially selftaught, claiming that “all the best artists taught themselves.” Lewis admired the work of Corot, Monet and Sisley. He made no effort to exhibit or sell his pictures, giving them away or donating them to charity. Some of these were later offered at auction and his work was displayed by London dealers. Lewis was reticent about his pictures, which are notable for their fine tones and values. Garth LEWIS 1945– Painter, designer and teacher, Contacted early in 2001, he said that he was “no born in Coventry, Warwickshire. He studied at longer interested in painting, having given it up a Hornsey College of Art, 1964–7. After studying year or so ago.” He was then “pushing 95”, living and teaching for two years at University of New in Hailsham, Sussex. Mexico Lewis studied and taught during 1969–71 at Queens College at the City University of New Jane LEWIS 1953– Painter, printmaker, draughtsman York. He returned to England to teach at Hornsey and teacher, born in London. After a foundation College of Art and Liverpool Polytechnic from course at Hornsey College of Art, 1970–1, she 1972, from 1974 at Central School of Art and studied fine art there, 1971–4, then printmaking at Design, then from 1978 at Slade School of Fine Slade School of Fine Art, 1975–7, in the latter year Art. Lewis had had solo shows at both New Mexico winning the Slade Prize. After working part-time University and Queens College. Lewis’ work was as a lecturer at Watford College of Art, 1977–9, initially figurative, then abstract. In New York he Lewis worked for the BBC as a scenic artist. She had studied colour theory with the artist Herb Aach then taught at the Slade, 1980–3, was a visitor to and the use of colour as a pictorial language Byam Shaw School of Art, 1983, artist-in-residence remained a key preoccupation in his work. with Kent Opera, 1985, and also lectured part-time at Harrow College of Art, 1983–6, in the following Gomer LEWIS 1921– Painter, sculptor and teacher, two years acting as vistor at the Slade and Reading born in Caerphilly, Glamorgan. He attended University. From 1986 she was able to concentrate Monmouthshire College of Education and began more of her attention on painting, showing to draw in the Far East during World War II as a internationally in numerous group shows. Was also prisoner of war. For a decade on his return he a busy solo exhibitor from 1986, when she showed concentrated on painting with the war in mind, at Metropole Arts Centre, Folkestone; Trinity Arts then studied sculpture at Cardiff College of Art. Centre, Tunbridge Wells; Derngate Theatre Gallery, In 1963 he moved to London, where for a time he Northampton; and Royal Museum, Canterbury. taught art at Shoreditch College, although he Other galleries shown at included Gardner Centre, continued to paint in South Wales. Showed with Brighton, 1987, the year when she also exhibited groups at SWG, WAC, SEA, Towner Art Gallery at RWA and Nicholas Treadwell Gallery; in Eastbourne, Bourne Gallery in Reigate and Cartwright Hall, Bradford, 1991; and Collins elsewhere. One-man shows included 1951 Festival Gallery, Glasgow, 1991–2. Also completed of Britain, Glamorgan and Gwent; and Chapter paintings for Bloodaxe Books. University College Arts Centre, Cardiff. CASW holds his drawing London, Manchester City Art Galleries and other Orpheus – Study for Sculpture, and Towner Art public collections hold her work, which looked Gallery has his work. back to Renaissance and Venetian painters and in 68

which themes such as music, the castrated male Mark LEWIS 1959– Artist and teacher using modern and female sexuality played a part. media, born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, who attended Harrow College of Art and the Polytechnic John LEWIS 1933– Painter of landscapes with a of Central London. He taught at Massachusetts visionary quality, born in Abergavenny, Institute of Technology, in America; Central St Monmouthshire, raised in the Usk Valley, later Martin’s; CAL Arts, Los Angeles, California, in establishing a studio in the Hertfordshire America; and University of British Columbia, countryside in Watton at Stone. Lewis studied at Vancouver, Canada. Among his many group Ruskin School of Drawing, Oxford, 1963–4, and exhibitions were Art Creating Society, Museum of Byam Shaw School of Art, 1965–70. In 1986 won Modern Art, Oxford, 1990; Viennese Story, Wiener a major prize at Watford Museum Open Exhibition, Secession, Vienna, Austria, 1993; Rotterdam in 1988 was a Drawing For All prizewinner at International Film Festival, 1997; and Intelligence: Gainsborough’s House, Sudbury. Group New British Art 2000, Tate Britain, 2000. Among exhibitions included RA Summer Exhibition from many international solo shows were Site Gallery, 1967; New Art Centre, 1974; Goldmark Gallery, Sheffield; Patrick Painter, Inc., Santa Monica, Uppingham, 1990; and Roy Miles Gallery, 1994. California; and National Gallery of Canada, Had a solo show at Upper Street Gallery, 1973, Ottawa, all 2000. Lewis lived in London. later ones including Oriel Contemporary Art, 1995. Watford Museum, CASW and Hertfordshire, Mary Priestley LEWIS 1870– Painter educated at Bedfordshire and Leicestershire County Councils Trinity College, Southport, noted for her still lifes. hold examples. She studied at Chelmsford School of Art under Charles Baskett, 1911, Bideford School of Art and John David LEWIS 1943– Artist and teacher, born worked privately with Sylvester Stannard and and lived in London, who studied at Wimbledon Wycliffe Egginton shortly before World War II. School of Art, 1971–4, teachers including Michael Exhibited UA, BWS, of which she was a member, Fussell and Prunella Clough. Lewis taught and RI and in the provinces. Russell-Cotes Art Gallery wrote for the National Gallery, lectured at and Museum, Bournemouth, holds her work. Lived Homerton College, Cambridge, and worked part- at Southbourne, near Bournemouth. time for the London Underground. Group shows included the RA Summer Exhibition from 1987; Michael LEWIS 1925– Painter, draughtsman and Cleveland International Drawing Biennale, 1993; teacher, born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. He Whitechapel Open, 1994; Hammersons, 1999; and studied at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art, Cityscapes, Collyer-Bristow, 2000. Among Lewis’s his teachers including Patrick Millard, and went later solo shows were Patricia Brown, from 1991, on to hold a number of teaching posts in the south of England, eventually becoming senior lecturer and Contact Gallery, Norwich, 1996. in fine art at Croydon College of Art. Showed LG, Kit LEWIS 1911–1998 Painter, born in Lichfield, Young Contemporaries, RA, SEA and elsewhere, Staffordshire. She was married to the painter having one-man shows at Trafford Gallery and Morland Lewis, then to Sir J M Richards, who Scunthorpe Art Gallery. That gallery holds his edited The Architectural Review, and her full name work. Lived in Croydon, Surrey. was Kathleen Margaret Lewis. Studied at Chelsea School of Art and took part in mixed exhibitions Pete LEWIS 1954– Lewis graduated with honours including LG, Sally Hunter Fine Art, in the from Hornsey College of Art, 1973–6, gaining his provinces and in America. She had two solo master’s from Chelsea School of Art, 1976–7. exhibitions at Leicester Galleries, 1953 and 1971. Group exhibitions included Stowells Trophy, Mall Arts Council holds her oil Amphytrion, of 1951. Galleries, 1977; Riverside Open, Riverside Studios, 1988; and The Showroom and East End Lived in London. 69

Open Studios, at Chisenhale Studios, both 1989. 1981–5, then head of the art and design department Lewis had a one-man show at Chisenhale Gallery of the University of East London. Commissions in 1987. included Ford of Europe; Watney, Courage and Whitbread Breweries; and the interior designer Peter LEWIS 1939– Sculptor and teacher, born in John Rogers Ltd. Lewis’ exhibitions included Cheshire, who attended Carmarthen School of Art, Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, from 1971; LG St Martin’s School of Art, 1957–9, then Royal exhibition at The Showroom Gallery, 1984; Bede College of Art, 1961–4, for a time teaching part- Gallery, Durham, 1987; and Portobello Open, time at St Martin’s in the 1970s. Solo shows 1990. Solo shows included University of Reading, included Serpentine Gallery, 1977. Charing Cross 1972; Ferens Art Gallery, Hull, 1981; Jersey Arts Hospital holds his work and his Untitled, 1982, an Council Gallery, St Helier, 1987; and Shin Gallery, abstract construction in wood, stone and slate, is Seoul, South Korea, 1989. Ferens Art Gallery and sited at South Hill Park Arts Centre, Bracknell. the Universities of Reading and Cardiff hold examples. Lived in London. Sanchia LEWIS 1960– Printmaker, animator and

painter, born and lived in south London, who, after “a hellish five years” at a comprehensive school, 1971–6, worked part-time cleaning and modelling for art classes, 1976–8. After a breakdown, from 1978–9 attended Medway College of Art for foundation; from 1979–82 gained certificates in printmaking and advanced printmaking at City & Guilds of London Art School; then did printmaking at a Morley College studio, 1982–4; etching in her own studio, from 1984. Won a Stephen Goodman Engraving Award, 1982; Prince’s Trust Award, 1984; First Prize, Portobello Open Exhibition, 1993; and Marlborough Gallery Prize, National Print Exhibition, 1995. Her numerous shows included Medici Galleries, Royal Festival Hall and widely abroad. A member of the Stuckists, she was included in their 2001 Artbank Gallery exhibition. Lewis had a stand at the Spitalfields Alternative Art Market. Her animations were shown in festivals worldwide.

Non-representational painter and sculptor, born in Okehampton, Devon, working in various media. He studied from 1964–8 at Bath Academy of Art, Corsham, then gained his Master of Fine Art degree at University of Reading, 1970– 2. Howard Hodgkin, Adrian Heath, Gillian Ayres, Henry Mundy, Terry Frost and Michael Kidner were among Lewis’ teachers. After part-time teaching and various commissions, 1972–5, Lewis taught sculpture full-time at Hull, 1975–81, was head of fine art at North-East London Polytechnic,

Stanley C LEWIS 1905– Painter, teacher and museum curator, born in Cardiff. He attended Newport College of Art, 1923–6, and the Royal College of Art, 1926–30, teaching at Newport College in the 1930s. After war service he became principal of Carmarthen School of Art for 22 years from 1946, then retired and with his wife founded the Pram and Toy Museum at Beckington, Somerset. He illustrated newspaper articles by his wife Min Lewis and her book Laugharne and Dylan Thomas, in 1967, and had one-man shows at various Laugharne Festivals. Showed for many years with Gwent Art Society, SWG and elsewhere and with Michael Ayrton and Enzo Plazzotta shared a threeman show at Bruton Gallery, Somerset. Newport Museum and Art Gallery holds his work. Lewis’ show War Images there in 2003 was based on a large unfinished World War II painting and preparatory drawings which the artist donated to the collection.

Simon LEWIS 1945–

Abstract sculptor, working mainly in mild steel but sometimes using found objects, and draughtsman. He was born in Lancashire and graduated from Manchester Polytechnic in 1980. Showed with New Contemporaries at ICA in 1979, the Jan Van Eyck Annual Exhibition in Maastricht, in 1982, and with Francis Graham-Dixon Gallery. He had a solo show at John Holden Gallery, Manchester, in 1990. Lived in London.

Stephen LEWIS 1959–

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Tim LEWIS 1961– Sculptor, painter and draughtsman, born in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, who studied at Middlesex Polytechnic, 1980–3, and Royal College of Art, 1984–7. Group exhibitions included New Contemporaries, ICA, from 1982; RA Summer Exhibition, 1988; Now for the Future, Hayward Gallery, and Chicago International Art Fair, both 1990; Frankfurt Art Fair, 1994; and British Abstract Art Part 2: Sculpture, Flowers East, 1995. Showed solo with Flowers East from 1989. Later exhibitions included Stadtische Museen, Heilbronn, Germany, and Flowers West, Santa Monica, California, both 2001; Magdeburg Museum, Germany, 2001–2; Flowers Central, 2002; and Uncanny Valley, recent sculpture, at The Walker, Liverpool, and Flowers East, both 2004. Arts Council, British Council and TI Group hold examples.

Rugby School, 1897–8, he was at the Slade School of Fine Art, 1899–1901. For about six years from 1902 Lewis travelled extensively on the continent, vital to his early artistic training, which included six months at the Heimann Academy, Munich. Began to exhibit, with Camden Town Group, Roger Fry’s Second Post-Impressionist Exhibition, 1912, and with LG, 1913. Worked with Fry’s Omega Workshops, then broke away to form Rebel Art Centre and Vorticist Group, 1914, editing its publication Blast. During World War I was seconded to Canadian Corps Headquarters at Vimy Ridge as a war artist, an exhibition called Guns occurring at Goupil Gallery, 1919. Following year organised Group X show at Heal’s Mansard Gallery. Lewis’ first novel, Tarr, was published in 1918, and during the inter-war years he mixed his work as an artist with editing art reviews such as The Tyro and The Enemy, additional fiction like The Apes of God and critical works such as Wyndham Lewis the Artist. His group of portrait drawings, Thirty Personalities, in 1932, prompted Walter Sickert to term Lewis the “greatest portraitist of this, or any other, time”. Lived in Canada and America, 1940–8. Retrospective exhibitions at Redfern Gallery, 1949, and Tate Gallery, 1956, followed by Arts Council Tour. Wyndham Lewis had lost his sight in 1951. Work in many public collections, including Tate Gallery and Imperial War Museum. In 2001, Henry Peacock Gallery put on Wyndham Lewis – KulturFaschismus; in 2004–5 the Courtauld Institute Gallery showed “The Bone Beneath the Pulp”: Drawings by Wyndham Lewis; and at the Fine Art Design & Antiques Fair in 2005 there was a Lewis loan exhibition. Died in London.

Whyn LEWIS 1973– Painter, born in Edinburgh. Her

parents lived in a horse-drawn gypsy waggon in Peebleshire, and she was named after the gorse bushes that were in bloom. Her work, as in her first solo show in London at the Portal Gallery in 2002, was inspired by her black whippet Indie, her constant companion from the age of 16, which was allowed to accompany her to Glasgow Art School by a rare waiving of the rules. They were there from 1991–5. Lewis continued to use the dog’s image until he died in 2000. The Portal paintings were “not conventional portraits of dogs but metaphors for human emotions.” The dog’s qualities, along with its shape, stance and expression were “an allegory for the unspoken understanding and sometimes misunderstanding between people.” Lewis had solo exhibitions at The Open Eye Gallery, Edinburgh. By the time of the Portal exhibition she had won the Maude Gemmell Hutchison Prize, at RSA, 1994 and 1997; John Kinross Scholarship to Florence, 1995; Noble Grossart Painting Prize, 1996; Meyer Oppenheim Prize, RSA, 1998; and The Anna Miller Trust Scholarship, 2001.

Jan LE WITT 1907–1991 Painter, designer, typographer and poet, born in Częstochowa, Poland. Early menial jobs gave Le Witt a hatred of the impersonal factory machine, the “Mechanical Molloch” as he put it, and by 1925 he had embarked on extensive travels through Europe. Back in Warsaw he began a Wyndham LEWIS 1882–1957 Painter, draughtsman, successful career as a self-taught designer, in 1933 writer and polemicist, full name Percy Wyndham teaming up with George Him with whom, after Lewis, born in Amherst, Nova Scotia. Educated at 71

arrival in London in 1937, as Lewitt-Him he produced classic wartime posters. The remarkable Festival of Britain clock of 1951 was their work. A meeting with Paul Klee at the Dessau Bauhaus and sight of work by Braque, Picasso and Cézanne in Paris in the early 1930s encouraged Le Witt to paint, and in England he became a friend of Henry Moore and Herbert Read. Had first one-man show at Zwemmer Gallery in 1947, which was the forerunner of an international exhibiting career, involving much travel. Le Witt was against obscurantism in painting; was a believer in the effectiveness of organic form; painting was “the calligraphy of feeling”. From the late 1950s he was out of fashion in England and it was left to the Musée Grimaldi in Antibes, 1965, the Museum of Modern Art in Warsaw, 1967, and the Sala Napoleonica in Venice, 1970, to give him large retrospectives, although his last show was of small oils at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, in 1989. Le Witt won a Gold Medal in Vienna, 1948, and at the Triennale, Milan, 1954. Died in Cambridge.

1970s she painted in Hong Kong and China, Communist leaders and landscapes. Continued to work at her husband’s home in Broadgate, west Cumbria, after his retirement. Died in London.

Artist and teacher, born in Sutton Coldfield, Warwickshire. He studied at MidWarwickshire School of Art and Hornsey School of Art. Between 1964–81 lectured at MidWarwickshire School, then worked full-time as an artist. There were many influences on Lewty’s work, including Surrealism, especially André Breton; theories of automatic writing; the use of text in pictures from the Cubists; Paul Klee; William Blake; and especially medieval graffiti. Lewty showed widely in Britain in mixed shows, being a John Moores Exhibition, Liverpool, prizewinner in 1985; he also won a prize at Cleveland 8th International Drawing Biennale in 1987. After a one-man show at Woodstock Gallery in 1968 Lewty exhibited at Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, 1984, then had the first of a series with Anne Berthoud Gallery in 1985, the year he showed at Serpentine Gallery. In 1992 there was Richard LEWSEY 1961– Artist who attended a show at Austin, Desmond & Phipps in association Camberwell School of Art, 1979–82. His group with Anne Berthoud. Arts Council, Victoria & shows included Royal Free Hospital, 1984; BADA Albert Museum and other public collections hold Exhibition, 1986; Sedgwick Centre, 1988; and work. Lived in Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, Campaign for Artistic Freedom, 1989. In that year where the Art Gallery and Museum held a large he participated in East End Open Studios, at Cable touring show, 1999–00. Street Studios, as he had in 1988. Marcia LEY 1959– Artist and lecturer, born in Ware, Margaret LEWTHWAITE 1907–1990 Painter and Hertfordshire, who did foundation studies at occupational therapist, born in New York. After Chesterfield College of Art and Design, 1975–7; education at fashionable schools Peggy graduated with honours in fine art, Ravensbourne Lewthwaite went to the École des Beaux-Arts in College of Art and Design, 1977–80; and gained Paris, after which she returned to New York to her master’s degree from Chelsea School of Art, become a textile designer. During a visit to England 1980–1. She held a number of part-time and in the 1930s she met Ray Lewthwaite, a Scots visiting lectureships from the early 1980s, Guards officer. Early in World War II she was one including Newcastle University, Newcastle and of the first Americans to be appointed Member of Sunderland Polytechnics and Humberside College the British Empire for her therapy work with Allied of Art. Took part in many group shows, including troops in Cairo, involving needlework and Stowells Trophy, RA, 1981; Northern Open tour, embroidery. In Paris, and much influenced by the 1983–4; Northern Print, Middlesbrough Gallery, work of Augustus John, after the war she began 1985; and three-artist exhibition at Linton Court painting seriously, completing many portraits of Gallery, Settle, 1986. In that year she shared a show the famous and running her own atelier. In the at Concert Bar, Newcastle. Among her solo Simon LEWTY 1941–

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exhibitions were Calouste Gulbenkian Gallery, and metaphysical. Independent Art Promotions Newcastle, 1983; Ceolfrith Gallery, Sunderland began selling him internationally in 1997. Art Centre, 1984; and Woodhorn Church Museum, Rachel LICHTENSTEIN 1969– Artist and writer, born Ashington, 1984–5. Rachel Laurence, who readopted the family name Liz LEYH 1943– Artist who was born in New York, by deed poll when she was 17 (her father’s parents, America, and studied there at Pratt Institute and at Polish Jews, had escaped to England in the early Syracuse University. Between 1974–8 she worked 1930s). Completed a degree in fine art, specializing in Milton Keynes as a community artist, initially in sculpture, at Sheffield University, in her final on a bursary from the Arts Council, then being year writing her thesis on Jewish immigration to employed by the Development Corporation in the east London, where her grandparents had settled. city. Her The Owl and the Pussycat and Tin Man, Installed at the Heritage Centre, 19 Princelet Street, both in concrete, were sited there in 1977–8. Leyh’s a former synagogue, she learned of the concrete black-and-white Cows, made using scrap disappearance of the orthodox scholar David materials from building sites with the help of local Rodinsky in the late 1960s. She became artist-inchildren, gained much press publicity and became residence and began a lengthy search to solve the recognised as a landmark. A project in Cambridge mystery. Lichtenstein held several exhibitions with Free Form Arts Trust in 1986 won the RIBA connected with her quest, telling her story in the award for community design. Leyh lived latterly 1999 book Rodinsky’s Room. in Israel. Val LIDDALL 1898– Painter and teacher. He studied Thyrza Anne LEYSHON fl. from 1960s– Miniaturist, at St Martin’s School of Art and in Paris. Held a born and settled in Swansea, south Wales, who number of teaching positions in private schools, studied with the Southall-based miniature painter from 1935 at Bradfield College. He was partly a Ethol Court. She was a member of SM, also sporting artist and exhibited ROI and elsewhere. exhibiting at RA, RMS, Castle Gallery in Ilkley His full name was Frederick Val Liddall. Lived at and Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea, in Sulhamstead, Berkshire. Belgium, France and America. Among awards won were a Silver Medal at Paris Salon in 1968, a Gold John LIDDELL 1924–2005 Relief printmaker, watercolourist and teacher, born in London. He Medal in 1973. studied at Hornsey College of Art, 1941–6, teachers including Norman Janes, Russell Reeve and John Liam: see William Conor Moody. He taught part-time at Bournemouth and Richard LIBBY 1948– Painter and teacher, born in Poole College of Art, living in Bournemouth. Banstead, Surrey, who in 1965–70 trained at Liddell was a member of the Printmakers’ Council Reigate School of Art and completed mural and SWE, also showing at RA, RWA and in commissions in central London. Between 1970– America. Completed a mural in Poole Art Centre. 80, Libby kept alive with a succession of temporary Topographical themes were a key feature of jobs, including art teaching, but in isolation Liddell’s work. From 1991 he ran a co-operative continued to review his own style and technique. workshop, Poole Printmakers. From 1980–96, while continuing to lecture, Libby showed at the Kevin Platt Gallery and Pendragon Peter LIDDELL 1954– Painter and teacher, born in Gallery, Cornwall; when he took part in a mixed Bolton, Lancashire. He studied at Goldsmiths’ show at Lamont Gallery, 1996, his work received College School of Art, 1982–4, then two years later good critical response. Libby was an assiduous became a visiting teacher there. His mixed shows innovator in style and subject, concerned with the included Riverside Studios, 1988; in 1989 Ways darker and unusual aspects of life, the allegorical of Telling, held in Llandudno and Cardiff, and 73

Critics, Space V, Air Gallery; and in 1989–90 John Orchestra Concert in Brussels and Munich, 2nd Moores Liverpool Exhibition. Lived in London. National Biennale Student Print Open and Storey Gallery, Lancaster, all 1998. She lived in Fleet, Siobhan LIDDELL 1965– Artist who studied at St Hampshire. Martin’s School of Art, 1982–6. Exhibited at Rundell Tower and River Café and participated in Pamina LIEBERT-MAHRENHOLZ 1904– Sculptor, East End Open Studios, at Belsham Street, 1989. painter and draughtsman, born in Berlin, Germany, who studied sculpture at the Vereinigte Staatsschule John LIDZEY 1935– Watercolourist (notable for am Steinplatz there. She was so highly thought of interiors of his Victorian house in Suffolk), that she merited her own studio. Exhibited work designer, teacher and writer, born in Islington, north at the Staatliche Akademie der Künste. She won London. Lidzey studied typographic design at the Prix de Rome but was unable to take it up Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts; worked in because of the political situation. Although by 1939 advertising studio; and was employed by art studios Liebert-Mahrenholz was an established sculptor and design groups for 10 years, during which time in Germany she decided to emigrate to England, he became a member of the Society of Industrial where for many years she worked as a china Artists, winning awards. In the late 1960s he restorer. She began to concentrate on painting and returned to Camberwell to lecture on typographic drawing, working independently and at the and graphic design. He would sketch for an hour Camden Institute in London, where she had settled. in the London streets before teaching, opting to Showed at RA. Other exhibitions included take up painting full-time in the late 1980s. Lidzey Woodstock Gallery, 1958; German Embassy, 1978; won the Daler-Rowney Award at the 1990 RWS major retrospective at Camden Arts Centre, 1983; Open, in 1992 winning a prize in the Singer & and Ben Uri Art Society, which holds examples, Friedlander/Sunday Times Watercolour 1988. Competition at the Mall Galleries. His books included Watercolour Workshop and Mix Your Own Katia LIEBMANN 1965– Artist whose work included Watercolours, in which his fresh, loose style was a series of Gotham City Batgirl van dyke prints, demonstrated. Showed with The John Russell included in the 1998 volume The New Neurotic Gallery, Ipswich, and watercolours of the London Realism, which preceded the Neurotic Realism Underground at Abbott and Holder, 2002. series of shows launched by Saatchi Gallery in 1999. Saatchi Collection holds the work of Sybil LIEBERMAN 1944– Artist who studied Liebmann, who was born in Halle, Germany. After foundation and graduated with honours in fine art graduating at the Kunsthochschule Berlinfrom Surrey Institute of Fine Art & Design, 1990– Weissensee, 1995, Liebmann attended the State 5, gaining a postgraduate diploma in fine art, 1995– University of New York, in America, 1996–7, 8, appearing in the final year show. It included her gaining her master’s at Royal College of Art, Ave Verum, a heavily encrusted abstract oil on London, 1997, where she continued to live. gesso board. Among Lieberman’s awards were a Rio Tinto Scholarship, 1996; Creswick Landscape Sue LIGGETT 1996– Artist producing abstract work Prize and Rio Tinto Scholarship, 1997; and John who gained an art and design foundation certificate Purcell Print Prize and Rio Tinto Scholarship, 1998. at West Cheshire College of Further Education, Her many exhibitions included S C Johnson 1985–6; honours degree in fine art from Gallery, Farnham, 1992; Cleveland International Nottingham Trent University, 1986–9; Drawing Biennale, Cleveland Gallery, Cleveland, postgraduate master’s diploma at Royal Academy 1995; RA Summer Exhibition, from 1996; Rover Schools, 1991–4; then a postgraduate teaching Group Motor Shows in Frankfurt, Bologna and certificate at University College Chester, 1997–8. Geneva, 1997–8; and London Symphony Awards included Student of the Year at West 74

Chester College, 1986; Margaret Bryan Scholarship, 1989; Royal Academy Schools Prize for Printmaking, 1993, and its Haite Travelling Scholarship, 1994; Cyril Sweet Award for Painting, with election to the London Guild of the Worshipful Company of Painter-Stainers, and SPACE Studios Award, both 1994; and election as a freeman of the City of London, 1995. Exhibitions included Young Contemporaries, Whitworth Gallery, Manchester, 1987; RA Summer Exhibition, from 1992; Eros I, The Coventry Gallery, 1996; and Castlefield Gallery, Manchester, 1998. Liggett had a solo exhibition at Smiths Galleries, 1995, and was one of Three Young Painters at Hart Gallery, 1999. Lived in Kettering, Northamptonshire.

in group shows at Frinton Galleries, Frinton-onSea, and had solo exhibitions at Northgate Gallery, 1973–5, and The Haste Gallery, 1976–80, both in Ipswich. She continued to show after moving late in retirement to Chichester, Sussex. LIGHTWORKS: see Laura JOHNSTON

Susan LIGHT 1954– Painter, born in Zimbabwe. She

studied at Central School of Art and Design, 1972– 3; Leeds Polytechnic, 1973–6; and San Francisco State University, 1981–3. From 1983 she showed widely in Britain and abroad in group exhibitions, including Sacramento State Fair, California, 1983, where she won an Hon. Commendation; Camden Arts Centre, 1987; RAG to the USSR, Riverside Artists’ touring show of Soviet Union, 1988–9; Hunting Art Prizes at Mall Galleries, 1991; and Contemporary Art Fair, 1992. In 1989 she was artist-in-residence at Moscow Artists’ Union House of Creativity. Later solo shows included Cadogan Gallery, 1992, and Long & Ryle, 1999. Exotic locations and a skilled use of light and shadow were features of her pictures.

Painter, draughtsman and designer noted for her oils and latterly watercolours, key subjects being barges on the Stour and the landscape and architecture of Suffolk. Her style was reminiscent of the eighteenth-century Norwich School. She was born in Broadstairs, Kent, and as an only child, aged 13, was left to care for her blind father. A perceptive benefactor enabled her to study at the Central School of Art, teachers including William Roberts, Noel Rooke and Clarke Hutton. She was a supervisor with the Women’s Land Army in World War II, then settled in Suffolk, working for the Post Office as a draughtsman and designer. Took part Dorothy

LIGHTFOOT

Sculptor who was concerned with such subjects as death and rebirth, women as icons and goddesses and light and motion in her work, born in New York. In 1958 she studied archaeology and art history in Paris, then while living in New York again at the start of the 1960s began experimenting with movement and light, which led to first solo show in Paris at La Librairie Anglaise, in 1963. After living in Greece in the mid-1960s she settled in London in 1966, where she continued to work. Other shows followed in Britain and abroad, including a key one-man at Serpentine Gallery in 1976 and an individual Arts Council touring show in 1977. Later exhibited with Fischer Fine Art, with a solo exhibition, Koans, at Shirley Day Ltd, 2000. In 2005 a retrospective of works by Lijn (pronounced Lin) from 1959–79 was held at The Mead Gallery, Warwick Arts Centre, University of Warwick. Her 1972 piece White Koan stands outside the Centre. The show traced the evolution of her output from early Surrealist-influenced drawings made in Paris, through assimilation of the cut-up techniques of the Beat poets, to her kinetic experiments with industrial plastics and light. After moving to London Lijn’s sculptures proved increasingly ambitious, with the Liquid Reflections series, 1966–8, and ultimately became more political. The 1973 Arts Council film What is the sound of one hand clapping was played at the retrospective and the exhibition closed with two sculptures from 1979, Feathered Lady and HeShe, which heralded a change in Lijn’s work. The Mead Gallery retrospective followed a commission from Guy’s and St Thomas’ Charitable Foundation for the Evelina Children’s Hospital, which resulted in Starside, a sculpture designed to be a children’s helter-skelter. A notable earlier commission was Circle of Light, for Milton Keynes Development Liliane LIJN 1939–

1909–2002

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Corporation, sited in 1980 in the Shopping Building, Midsummer Arcade. Lijn’s sculptures, in various materials, are in a number of other public collections, including that of the Arts Council. Leeds Museums and Galleries as well as sculpture hold archive material relating to her output. Austin/Desmond Fine Art and England & Co both gave Lijn significant shows in 2006.

and Salisbury Galleries. Had solo shows with Peppin-Brown Gallery in Whittlesford and Red House Gallery in Christchurch, Dorset, where he lived.

Ralph LILLFORD 1932– Painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in Hexthorpe, Doncaster, Yorkshire. He attended Doncaster School of Art and Royal College of Art, 1954–7, after National Service in the Army in the Suez Canal Zone, 1952–4. Teachers included John Minton, Leonard Rosoman and Carel Weight. Began teaching at Barnes Secondary School, 1957–60, after several appointments lecturing at Richmond College from 1983. He also lectured part-time at Victoria & Albert Museum and Royal College of Art. Dr Lillford drew and painted in Crete, Russia, Egypt, America, Ireland and on the European continent. Showed at RA, RBA, Brunel University, Imperial College, Gloucester College of Art and elsewhere. The Hermitage and Pushkin Museums in Russia, National Army Museum, Victoria & Albert Museum and Imperial War Museum hold examples. In 1992 Lillford had an exhibition of drawings and paintings of work on the Channel Tunnel at Imperial College. Lived at Osterley, Middlesex.

Sculptor, born in Kettering, Northamptonshire, a feature of whose work was small constructions in balsa wood. He studied at Sir John Cass School of Art, 1985–6; Central St Martins College of Art & Design, 1986–9; and Royal Academy Schools, 1990–3. He was awarded a Landseer Scholarship in 1991, a Royal Academy Turner Gold Medal for Sculpture, 1992. Group exhibitions included Portobello Open Sculpture Show and Feast, at Mall Galleries, both 1991; Six Sculptors, City of Plymouth Museum, 1992; and Interventionists’ Installation, Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1996. Had a solo show at Bernhard Baron Gallery, 1990, later ones including The Cut Gallery, 1996. David LILLEY 1962–

Geoffrey Ivan LILLEY 1930– Artist, illustrator and writer of books and articles on art, born in Cambridge, who studied at local Technical College. Lilley was a member of UA, also exhibiting at NS, Marjorie LILLY 1891–1980 Painter, printmaker, RSMA and in the provinces. Lived at Golden lecturer and writer, born and lived in London. Cross, Chiddingly, Sussex. Studied at Slade School of Fine Art prior to World War I under “Professor (Henry) Tonks the Jason LILLEY 1966– Painter and draughtsman, Terrible”, as she described him in her memoir originally from north Cornwall, who studied at Sickert The Painter and His Circle, 1971. In this Falmouth School of Art, 1986–7, and at Newcastle she writes of Sickert’s working methods and the upon Tyne, 1987–90. He was featured on ITV and group of artists around him, such as Harold Gilman, Channel 4’s Elements, 1990–1. He showed several Charles Ginner and Robert Bevan. Lilly showed times at Belgrave Gallery, including Four For Fore at Walker’s Galleries, NEAC, RBA, ROI, Redfern Street, in St Ives, 2003. Gallery and elsewhere. She was an Arts Council lecturer during World War II. Was included in The Gordon LILLFORD 1919–1992 Painter in oil, born in Doncaster, Yorkshire, older brother of the artist Sickert Women and The Sickert Girls in 1974 and Ralph Lillford. He served as a constable in Sladey Ladies, 1986, both at Parkin Gallery.

Bournemouth’s police force, 1949–74, studying intermittently at the local College of Art. Lillford took part in mixed exhibitions with RA, RWA, Wessex Artists and at the Selldown Gallery, Poole,

Kim LIM 1936–1997 Abstract sculptor, photographer

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and printmaker, born in Singapore, married to the sculptor William Turnbull. She studied at St Martin’s School of Art, 1954–6, then Slade School

of Fine Art, 1956–9. Took part in many group exhibitions in London, Paris and Tokyo, later ones including Journeys West, tour organised by University of Essex, 1995. Had two solo exhibitions at Axiom Gallery in 1966 and 1968. Several others followed at Waddington Galleries; Museum of Modern Art in Oxford; Felicity Samuel, Tate and Round House Galleries. Later ones included Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Bretton Hall, 1995, and Camden Arts Centre, 1999, by which time Kim Lim favoured stone for her simple and serene works. Arts Council, Tate Gallery, Nagaoka Museum of Modern Art in Japan, National Museum of Art in Singapore and many British provincial galleries hold examples.

Aberystwyth, Dyfed.

Painter of figurative works, often quirky and humorous, who was born in Rochdale, Lancashire, of Irish parents. They soon returned to Sligo, in the west of Ireland, where in 1985 Philip did a foundation course at Sligo Regional College. In 1992 he graduated from the National College of Art, in Dublin, then took part in group shows, open submissions and painted many commissioned portraits. In 1997 Lindey had his first solo exhibition at Galway Arts Centre, the following year began his master’s degree in fine arts and, after graduating, had a one-man exhibition in Belfast. After initially showing at Albemarle Gallery, London, in 1999, Lindey was included in Hsiao-Mei LIN 1971– Painter who described her work Eclectic Encounters there in 2005. as Abstract Expressionist. After Fu Hsin School of Art, Taipei, Taiwan, 1987–90, gained an honours Kenneth LINDLEY 1928–1986 Printmaker and degree in fine art – painting at University of watercolourist, teacher and writer, born in London, Brighton, 1991–4, with a postgraduate diploma who studied at Ealing and Hornsey Schools of Art. course in painting at Royal Academy Schools, Lindley went on to become principal of 1994. Awards included Winsor & Newton Young Herefordshire College of Art until 1986. He was Artist Award, David Murray Travel Award, a member of SWE and of the Society of Industrial Crabtree & Evelyn Scholarship and Tony Smith Artists and Designers/Chartered Society of Prize. Her painting After the Storm was included Designers and a fellow of RE. He had a series of in Chevron UK Ltd’s 1997 calendar. Exhibitions solo shows in London and elsewhere and after his included Hunting Art Prizes at the Royal College death a retrospective was held in Hereford. Lindley of Art, Christopher Hull Gallery and finalist, The wrote, printed and illustrated work under the Alasdair Gilchrist Fisher Memorial Award 1998, imprint of the Pointing Finger Press. He was at Cadogan Contemporary. Solo shows organised responsible for many books, some handled by other by Adam Gallery, Bath, at The Gallery in Cork publishers, including Coastline, 1967; Chapels and Meeting Houses, 1969; and Woodblock Street, 1999 and 2000. Engravers, 1970. Lived in Hereford. Richard LIN 1933– Painter and designer in metal and plastic, working in a Minimalist style, born in Doris LINDNER 1896–1979 Sculptor in stone, Formosa, Taiwan. For a time he worked as Lin concrete and bronze, specialising in animals. Show Yu. Studied at Millfield School, Somerset. Modelled them for Royal Worcester Porcelain In the mid-1950s studied architecture for four years Company. Born at Llanyre, Radnorshire, where at Regent Street Polytechnic. Had first of a series she early developed an interest in animals and wild of one-man shows in 1959 at Gimpel Fils, then life, Lindner studied under the School of Animal began to show internationally in the Netherlands, Painting, South Kensington, then at the St Martin’s America, Germany and elsewhere, winning several School of Art and the British School, Rome. prizes. Was taken up by Marlborough Fine Art. Exhibitions included RA, Royal Glasgow Institute, Tate Gallery, Arts Council, Walker Art Gallery in RBA and LG. Lived at Broad Campden, Liverpool and many overseas galleries hold his Gloucestershire, for some years, but died in Kent. work. Lived for a time in Wales, including Philip LINDEY 1968–

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Moffat LINDNER 1852–1949 Landscape and marine painter in watercolour and oil, whose full name was Peter Moffat Lindner. Born in Birmingham, he studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1877, under Alphonse Legros, and at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art. Was married to the artist Augusta Baird Lindner. He exhibited prolifically at RWS, RA, Ridley Art Club, ROI, NEAC and Fine Art Society and at many other galleries. Work in British galleries, such as Bradford, Hull and Liverpool, as well as in a number overseas. Moffat Lindner’s pictures often featured wind and cloud and large expanses of water, having a singularly breezy appearance, as in the examples shown in G S Sandilands’ Studio monograph Artists’ Country. Fond of painting on the continent, as well as in Britain. Lived at St Ives, Cornwall.

knighted. Exhibited RA, Cooling Galleries, RWS, Arthur Tooth and Son and widely in Australia. Work in the collection of the Victoria & Albert Museum and many Australian galleries. Lived at Baxter, Victoria, Australia.

Samuel Arthur LINDSEY 1869–1952 Miniaturist and

teacher, born and died in London, who held several important positions in the RMS, being a muchliked president from 1943 until his death after a two-year illness. He exhibited extensively with the RMS, RA, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, RI and elsewhere. In the early 1920s Lindsey contributed two pictures to Queen Mary’s Dolls’ House: a watercolour of a girl in Breton dress and a miniature portrait of King George V, in the Queen’s bedroom. He also created a rare anamorphosis of George V, whereabouts unknown. Lindsey taught summer watercolour courses in Brittany, France. Among his students were the noted American art dealer Betty Parsons and her English painter friend Adge Baker, as recounted in Lee Hall’s 1991 biography Betty Parsons.

Alan LINDSAY 1918– Painter and designer, born in

Ludlow, Shropshire. Attended Birmingham College of Arts and Crafts, 1934–6, under Bernard Fleetwood-Walker, then at Royal College of Art, 1938–9 and 1946–8, under Charles Mahoney and Barnett Freedman. His work was illustrated in Penguin New Writing. Exhibited RA, Leicester Kathleen M LINDSLEY fl. from 1970s– Printmaker, born in Gibraltar, who was educated in Australia, Galleries and NEAC. Lived in London. Singapore and England. Studied fine arts at Leeds Alasdair LINDSAY 1975– Painter of landscape and University and Newcastle Polytechnic, gaining an seascape, sometimes abstracted, using bright honours degree in 1976, having begun engraving colours. Born in Cheshire, Lindsay attended West with Leo Wyatt in 1975. From 1970 travelled Cheshire College, Reading University and extensively in Britain, for some years dividing her Falmouth Art College, where he graduated in fine time between Edinburgh and Skye. Did illustrations art. He had very successful early mixed and solo for Sunday Times travel guide and a guide to appearances, including Brian Sinfield Gallery, Oxford. Engraved 250 designs for pub signs for Burford, and Great Atlantic Map Works Gallery, Samuel Websters’ Brewery through Pentagram Design, which took over two years. Showed at St Just-in-Penwith, 2002. Thumb Gallery; Mill House and Scottish Galleries, Daryl LINDSAY 1889–1976 Landscape painter in oil Edinburgh; Print Sellers, Plymouth; and Leeds and watercolour and administrator. Born at Playhouse. Creswick, Victoria, Australia, brother of the artists Norman and Lionel Lindsay. After initial education Vincent LINES 1909–1968 Painter, printmaker and in Australia he worked as a bank clerk, served in teacher, born in Dulwich in southeast London. World War I, then attended the Slade School of Studied at Central School of Arts and Crafts under Fine Art, London, 1919. Returned to Australia A S Hartrick and Royal College of Art, where he where he painted for 20 years. Then became keeper gained a Travelling Scholarship in 1932. He took of prints at the National Gallery of Victoria for two part in the Pilgrim Trust’s Recording Britain years and its director, 1941–56, when he was project, was principal of Hastings School of Art 78

and wrote several books, including Mark Fisher and Margaret Fisher Prout. Exhibited RA, NEAC, RWS, Leicester Galleries and elsewhere. British Council bought his work. Lived in Hastings, Sussex.

she was first woman tutor in sculpture, 1955–60. The year before, she worked with Skeaping on carvings for the Dutch Church, Austin Friars, in the City of London. Showed RA and elsewhere. Tate Gallery holds her limestone sculpture Galway Cow. The artist was partly of Irish parentage and John LINFIELD 1930– Painter who was born in was deeply attached to southern Ireland. Carshalton Beeches, Surrey. He studied at Wimbledon School of Art and Royal College of Simon LING 1968– Painter born in Bradford, Art. In 1982 he was elected NEAC, also showing Yorkshire, who studied at Carmarthen College of at RA, RP and elsewhere. He had solo shows at Art, 1987–8, and Chelsea College of Art, 1988– Trafford Gallery in the early 1960s, later 91. His picture Side A was included in John Moores exhibitions taking place with Halifax House in Liverpool Exhibition, 1991–2. He lived in Neyland, Oxford and John Noott Twentieth Century, in Dyfed. Broadway. Winsor & Newton Ltd and Spink & Son Ltd were among the commissioners of his Simon LINKE 1958– Minimalist artist, born in Benalla, Victoria, Australia. He studied at St work. Lived in Wells, Somerset. Martin’s School of Art, graduating with honours, Alan Carr LINFORD 1926– Painter of realistic 1977–81, then Royal College of Art, 1983, and landscapes in Britain and abroad, born in gained his master’s degree at Goldsmiths’ College, Doncaster, Yorkshire, where he studied at the local 1985–6. Group exhibitions included Tolly School of Art, 1940. He attended the Royal College Cobbold, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 1983; of Art, 1943–7, gaining the Prix de Rome which Air Gallery, 1986; Cornerhouse, Manchester, 1988; took him to British School in Rome, 1947–9. After Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, 1989; at Lisson an introduction by the artist Edward Halliday, Gallery, 1990; and John Moores Liverpool Linford was commissioned to do a lot of work for Exhibition, 2002. Had solo show at Gray Art the royal family. He completed 24 works of the Gallery, New York, 1986; Lisson Gallery and Tony River Thames for HRH Prince Philip which were Shafrazi, both 1987; Stichting De Appel, hung on the Royal Yacht Britannia, other pictures Amsterdam, 1988; and Kohji Ogura Gallery, hanging in the private apartments in Windsor Castle Nagoya, Japan, 1989. and in family homes including Baden-Baden and Salem. In the 1980s further commissions stemmed Duncan LINKLATER 1948– Self-taught sculptor in from the cities of Düsseldorf, Cologne and Achen wood, born in York, related to the writers Eric and and from the Sultan of Oman. Was elected a Magnus Linklater. Influences were cited as member of RE, 1948, RWS in 1953. Had a solo “originally Henry Toft, latterly Picasso, Chaucer show of Parisian paintings in 1993 at Mistral and Greek pottery of the ‘black figure’ type.” He Galleries. HM The Queen, Shell and ICI also hold took part in group exhibitions and had several solo shows, including Hay Makers Gallery, Hay-onhis work. Wye, 2000. Lived in Somerset. Leong Shao LING: see Kim C Leong Barbara LINLEY-ADAMS 1923–1995 Sculptor and Rita M LING 1922– Sculptor and teacher, born in teacher, born in London, who signed her work LA, Wolverhampton, where she studied at the College intertwined. She was initially educated in England of Art, then from 1946–50 at Royal College of Art, and Switzerland, then studied at Central School of where her teachers included John Skeaping and Arts and Crafts, 1948–50. In 1958 lectured on Frank Dobson. Ling taught at Farnham School of sculpture at University of Utah, in America. Art, 1950, and at the Royal College of Art, where Showed RA, at the Festival of Britain in 1951 and 79

with Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society, of which working in London, she studied at the St John’s she was a member, also at Victoria & Albert Wood School of Art, Royal Academy Schools and at Académie Julian, Paris. Married to the painter Museum. Lived in Bath, Somerset. Rudolph Lion, who took her name. She exhibited Judy LINNELL 1948– Painter, draughtsman and widely, including RA, ROI, SWA, Fine Art Society teacher, also known as Judith Linnell, who and Goupil Gallery, as well as at several venues exploited the vibrancy, luminosity and fluidity of in France (she was of Anglo-French parentage). watercolour to create distinctive flower, still life Awarded the silver medal of the Société des Artistes and landscape pictures. She was brought up in Français in 1921 and the gold medal in 1949. The Knighton, Radnorshire, and graduated in fine art Tate Gallery, British Museum and Victoria & Albert at Leeds University with Quentin Bell and Museum hold her work. Lawrence Gowing, 1966–70, with a postgraduate art education certificate in 1971. After teaching Rudolph Louis LION fl. c.1920–1960 Painter and advanced English and art history in Rome and printmaker who married the painter Flora Lion, Cambridge, Linnell settled in St Albans, whose name he adopted. Studied privately and Hertfordshire, where she began teaching exhibited RA and in the provinces, signing his watercolour and drawing at Oaklands College of work with a monogram. Lived in London. Further Education in 1983, in 1990 starting her own watercolour workshops and in 1996 becoming Gerald Royston LIPMAN 1929– Painter, commercial tutor for painting holidays in Corsica and Crete. and pen and ink artist, son of commercial artist Awards included Hertfordshire Open Exhibition, James Lipman. Studied at Harrow School of Art commended, 1991; Faber Castell drawing prize, with John Platt, 1943–4, then with Robin Guthrie 1992, and Buzzacott Award, 2001. Participated in at St Martin’s School of Art. He worked for periods many group shows, including Thomas Thorpe as a layout artist at Unilever Ltd and the advertising Gallery, St Albans, 1988; St Albans Abbey agency Lintas. Exhibited RA and NEAC. Lived Centenary Exhibition, 1993; SWA, Westminster for a time near Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex. Galleries, 1998; Catto Gallery, 1999; and The Linda Lippy LIPSHITZ 1903–1980 Versatile artist, mainly Blackstone Gallery, Pinner, 2002. Solo exhibitions a sculptor, and teacher, born Israel-Isaac Lipshitz included Watercolourings II, Watford Palace in Plungian, Lithuania, brother of the painter Ada Theatre, 2001. Worked on watercolour technique Lipshitz-Wolpe and father of the printmaker Toni books for Quarto Publishing. Lipshitz-Caspi. Lipshitz studied at Cape Town Art

School, 1922–5; at Michaelis School of Fine Art, 1925–6; at L’Académie del la Grande Chaumière, Robert LINTON 1930– Painter, sculptor and teacher, Paris, under Antoine Bourdelle, 1928–9. He was born in County Donegal, Ireland. He studied at a founder-member of the New Group and of Art Belfast College of Art and Central School of Arts Club of South Africa, where he lived from 1908– and Crafts. Linton won a CEMA Travel 78. Among his teaching posts was Michaelis Scholarship to Italy in 1955, in 1968 a Northern School, where he eventually became associate Ireland Arts Council Travel Grant to the professor of fine art, 1964–8. Took part in extensive Netherlands. He lived in Limavady, County international exhibitions and had many solo shows Londonderry, Northern Ireland, and was head of in South Africa and London, where he lived, 1947– the art department at its Grammar School. Linton 8. Tate Gallery archive has his Self Portrait, ink was an associate of RUA. He showed in Belfast on paper, 1948. Retrospectives included South African National Gallery, Cape Town, 1976. It and and Dublin and had a series of solo exhibitions. many other South African galleries hold his work. Flora LION 1876–1958 Painter in oil. Born and Died Kiryat Tivon, Israel. LIN SHOW YU: see Richard LIN

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Artist and designer, a notable figure in the promotion of paper sculpture as an art in Britain from the 1940s pursued by a number of fellow Poles. In 1928 Lipski graduated from Warsaw Academy of Fine Arts, six years later being offered a post as assistant lecturer. Designed posters, advertisements, interior decorations for commercial premises and shop windows using paper sculptures. His sculptures were incomparably cut, with minute attention to detail. During World War II he served in Poland’s forces in the West. Lipski’s heraldic arms for a wall of the Council for Industrial Design pavilion for the Britain Can Make It exhibition in 1946 so impressed King George VI, who opened it, that he mistook the paper for marble, then asked to see the artist who had fashioned the work. In 1947 Lipski published his key book Paper Sculpture. Was granted fellowship of the Society of Industrial Artists. In the 1940s settled in New York, opened his own studio and devoted himself to screenprinting. His wall decorations commissioned by Ford Motor Company and Waldorf Astoria can be seen in New York as well as in Brook Alexander and Pace Galleries and private collections. Lipski was featured in Polish Paper Sculpture at Polish Cultural Institute, 1995.

private collection of books relating to alchemy and mysticism in Europe, to produce drawings for illuminated manuscripts. Between 1974–00 Lipton had over 30 solo exhibitions internationally, later ones including The Ministry of Pop Culture, curated by Henry Boxer, 1998; East West Gallery, from 1998; and The Sleep of Reason, drawings inspired by the work of Goya, Instituto Cervantes, 2003.

Tadeusz LIPSKI 1905–1987

Heather LISBON 1960– Artist who graduated with honours from Leeds University, 1979–82, gaining her master’s from Chelsea School of Art, 1983–4. She participated in Where the Flesh Meets Fruit, Air Gallery, and Life’s Eye, Ben Uri Art Society, both 1988, and East End Open Studios, at Britannia Works, 1989. In 1988–9 Lisbon was Air Gallery printmaker-in-residence at Islington Green School in north London.

Etcher and wood engraver, born at Wolviston, Stockton-on-Tees, County Durham. After education at Armstrong College, Durham University, Lishman studied art at King Edward VII School of Art, Newcastle upon Tyne, under E M O’R Dickey. Showed work at NS and SGA, of which he was a member, also at RI and Artists of the Northern Counties shows at Laing Laurie LIPTON 1953– Versatile artist born in New Art Gallery, Newcastle. Lived in Houghton le York, America, of Russian Jewish émigré parents. Spring, near Sunderland, also belonging to She was the first person to graduate from the Sunderland Art Club. Carnegie-Mellon University with a fine arts Frank LISLE 1916–1986 Painter, draughtsman, honours degree in drawing, in 1975. Lipton lived mixed-media artist and teacher, born in Leeds, in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and France, Yorkshire, husband of the artist June Lisle. He settling in London from 1986. She completed many studied at Leeds College of Art, 1930–6, then Royal commissions, including work for television and College of Art, 1937–40. Cézanne, Victor Pasmore, the theatre. For television, these included Fibernacci and Sufism were important influences Nederland1: Wetenschap in Beweging, on his work. Lisle served in the Army in 1940–6, Netherlands, 1978, and BBC1, In a class of their attaining the rank of captain, and suffered the loss own, 1989; theatre, poster designs for German State of an eye during time in France. He eventually Theatre, Hamburg, 1975, and Midland Brand became principal of Jacob Kramer College in Hotel, a site-specific project sponsored by Islington Leeds, 1970–7. Several fine portraits and large Council at St Pancras Hotel, for which she was abstract or semi-abstract constructions were among artistic consultant, 2000. From 1989 onwards she Lisle’s major works. He showed with Yorkshire was given multiple commissions by Bibliotheca Artists, RA, NEAC, RBA and RP and was included Philosophica Hermetica, Amsterdam, the largest in The Teaching Image at Leeds City Art Gallery, Walter LISHMAN 1903–1985

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Smith. Exhibited extensively at RA, WIAC, UA and in the northern provinces. Work held by Darlington Art Gallery and Laing Art Gallery and Museum, Newcastle upon Tyne. Also drew for the magazine The Dalesman. Lived near Leyburn, Caroline LIST 1964– Painter and teacher, born in Yorkshire. Nottingham, who studied at West Nottinghamshire College of Art & Design; Portsmouth Polytechnic; Raymond LISTER 1919–2001 Miniaturist, illustrator and Chelsea School of Art & Design. Between and writer, born and lived in Cambridge. In 1934 1986–91 List held part-time teaching posts at Lister was apprenticed to the family firm, Derby College of Further Education, Heatherley’s eventually becoming a director of George Lister College of Art and Essendine Adult Education & Sons, specialising in architectural metalwork Centre. Between 1992–3 she taught painting and and carrying out restoration around the country. drawing for beginners at Westminster College of He was made Prime Warden of the Blacksmiths’ Further Education, then in 1993–4 was tutor in Company, 1989–90. Dr Lister was a noted art new art theory and practice at Chelsea School of historian, specialising in British romantic art, a Art. She won an East Midlands Starter Grant 1987, fellow of Wolfson College and a syndic of the and a Herbert Read Scholarship, 1988. Group Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 1981–90. shows included Apex Gallery, Portsmouth, 1985; Among his many books were Samuel Palmer and The New Generation, Bonhams, 1990; his Etchings, 1969; The Letters of Samuel Palmer, Contemporary Young Painters, Nigel Greenwood 1975; George Richmond, 1981; and Catalogue Gallery, 1991; and in 1995 she was first prize Raisonné of the Works of Samuel Palmer, 1988. winner at Royal Over-Seas League Open, having His autobiography, With My Own Wings, appeared a solo show there in 1996. Department of Health; in 1994. Lister studied privately with the Contemporary Art Society; and Arthur Andersen miniaturist Albert Cousins. He was elected RMS & Company hold List’s work, which was in 1947 and was its president, 1970–80. He had “concerned with decoding existing layers of visual several solo shows at RBA Galleries and in language, and unravelling these signs and signifiers Cambridge and made many illustrations, often which are full of hidden metaphors”. hand-painted, for the Golden Head Press. New York Public Library, Fitzwilliam Museum and Edward D’Arcy LISTER 1911– Painter and Russell-Cotes Art Gallery and Museum, printmaker. Born at Horsforth, Yorkshire, he Bournemouth, hold examples of Lister’s miniatures studied at Leeds College of Art, 1928–33, then at which he said were “mainly imaginative landscapes the Royal College of Art for four years under … which endeavour to explain moods and Gilbert Spencer. Became a lecturer at Bournemouth ‘atmosphere’”. and Poole College of Art. Exhibited RA and provincial galleries, his work being held by the Walter Llewellyn LISTER 1876–1951 Watercolourist Victoria & Albert Museum and Southampton City and printmaker. After Bristol University, went to Art Gallery. The latter’s picture Saturday Night is Westminster School of Art and St Martin’s School a good example of the artist’s ability to depict of Art, 1900–4. Exhibited with St Ives Society of provincial urban low life. He also painted several Artists and the Society of Graver-Printers in Colour, of which he was an associate, RBA and murals. Lived in Broadstone, Dorset. ROI. British Museum holds his work. Lived in Henrietta LISTER 1895–1959 Painter in oil and Bodmin, Cornwall. watercolour, born at Manor Park, London. Studied at the Byam Shaw and Vicat Cole School of Art, Beatrice Ethel LITHIBY 1889–1966 Painter and 1912–14, under Rex Vicat Cole and David Murray designer, especially of church furnishings and 1964. Solo shows included Playhouse Gallery, Leeds, 1973, and Hambledon Gallery, Blandford, 1986. Was a member of RBA and president of Leeds Art Club. Died in Shillingstone, Dorset.

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stained glass. She studied at the Royal Academy School of Drawing in Oxford, 1951–3. A series of Schools and eventually settled in Wantage, teaching posts followed, including lecturing in fine Berkshire, her studio where she lived being in the art at University College of Swansea. Took part in grounds of St Mary’s Convent, an Anglican order; SEA, SWG and WAC group shows and had several she was a devout Christian. Miss Lithiby began solo exhibitions at University College in Swansea, sketching as a young girl and went on to exhibit with a major one at Oriel Ceri Richards, 2001. at RA, RBA until her final illness, Walker’s WAC and CASW hold his work. Little was fond Galleries, SWA, RI and in the provinces. In her of painting landscapes in the Swansea area, later years she concentrated on landscapes in oil especially industrial subjects such as his oil Old and watercolour, in her youth painting portraits, Hafod Works, 1989–92, held by the National too. Her ecclesiastical work found its way abroad, Library of Wales, Aberystwyth. to South Africa and Japan. Miss Lithiby, known as Bel to her friends (an acronym of her initials), Graham LITTLE 1972– Artist whose work included of commanding appearance, served in the Army brightly striped, irregular box sculptures, as in in both World Wars, reaching senior rank in World dumbpop, Jerwood Gallery, 1998–9. Little gained War II. Wrote a historical guide to Wantage parish a first-class honours degree in painting at Duncan church. The artist was to have become engaged to of Jordanstone College, Dundee, 1990–5, and his a fellow Royal Academy Schools student, Frank master’s at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, Skinner, on his return from the Western Front, but 1996–7, doing associate research in fine art there, he was killed on the Somme in July 1916. She put 1997–8. Group exhibitions included Cluster, a memorial notice in the Daily Telegraph each year Collective Gallery, Edinburgh, 1995; and RP, Mall Galleries, 1997; Drawing Now, Museum of and died on the 50th anniversary of his death. Modern Art, New York, 2002; and Images of Maurice LITTEN 1919–1979 Portrait painter in oil, Society, Kunsthalle Thun, Switzerland, 2003. Had son of the artist Sydney Litten. Maurice Litten was solo shows at Asprey Jacques, 2000 and 2003. In born in Hammersmith and studied art under James the second, Little included his sculpture entitled Bateman at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, A huge mass of luminous gas erupted from Mars then under Frank Barrington Craig at St Martin’s and sped towards Earth. He started thinking about School of Art. Exhibited at RA, NEAC, RBA and this in Los Angeles, where he spent much time roller-skating around the city. The title was taken RP. Lived in London. from the lyrics of a Prog Rock concept album called Doris LITTLE 1895–1977 Painter and draughtsman, War of the Worlds, based on the H G Wells novel. born in Lee Green, southeast London. After Bromley High School attended Bromley, Margaret Isabel LITTLE 1901–1994 Artist, notably in Beckenham and Goldsmiths’ Schools of Art. She mosaic, born in Bedford, by profession a medical served on the land in World War I, in the Red Cross practitioner and psychoanalyst. She was educated Ambulance Service in World War II, resuming at Bedford College, St Mary’s Hospital and the painting in 1950s. Was a member of Free Painters Institute of Psycho-Analysis and was for a time on and Sculptors, Paddington and Blackheath Art the staff of the London Clinic of Psycho-Analysis. Societies. Showed with RBA, PS, at Greenwich Studied art privately during World War II and at Theatre Gallery, Leighton House and elsewhere. Sir John Cass College, 1957–65. Became a member Had a memorial show at Woodlands Art Gallery, of Free Painters and Sculptors in 1963, also showing at RBA, SWA and elsewhere. Lived at 1981. Dunton Green, Sevenoaks, Kent. George LITTLE 1927– Painter and teacher, born in Swansea where he attended the College of Art, Michael LITTLE 1939– Artist in oil, watercolour and 1944–51. After World War II service was at Ruskin acrylic, and teacher, born in Rhayader, 83

Radfordshire, who grew up in the west of Ireland. Moved to London aged 17 and studied at Chelsea School of Art, 1957–61, and Royal Academy Schools, 1961–4. Became a lecturer in drawing and fine art at Northampton School of Art, later Nene College. Little was a member of East Midlands Arts who claimed as influences Edward Hopper, Balthus and Queen Victoria’s portrait painter, Josefine Swoboda. Group shows included Basle Art Fair, Switzerland; Kenny Gallery, Galway; Rufford Craft Centre in Nottingham; and in 1993 Little was included in People and Places at Gagliardi Gallery. Had a series of one-man shows at National Theatre from 1981 and one at Commonwealth Institute, 1994. In 1991 Little won the celebrity’s prize in the Anglia Television Moving Art series, presented by George Melly. Leicestershire County Council Braunstone Underpass murals are by Little, who lived in Northampton.

national television coverage. Many more shows followed. In 1986 he was elected to the BWS. Light was a key element in Littleford’s pictures, as in his A Day on the Sands and Days to Remember, nostalgic beach scenes shown at The Bourne Gallery, Reigate, in its 30th Anniversary Exhibition in 2001.

Paul LITTLEHALES 1945– Painter and teacher who

graduated in fine art from Lanchester Polytechnic, gained his master’s in painting at Chelsea College of Art and postgraduate certificate in education at Birmingham Polytechnic. He was on the staff of Solihull College for many years. Littlehales was a founder-member of The Firm artists’ group and produced “loosely Super-Realist figurative compositions in oils.” He was several times Leicester Schools & Colleges artist-in-residence and was involved in their exhibitions from 1982. His many other shows included Chichester Open Exhibition, 1976; City Art Gallery, Carlisle, 1985; Leamington Art Gallery, 1989; Art Machine at McClellan Galleries, Glasgow, 1990; Nuneaton Museum and Art Gallery, 1992; and Goldmark Gallery, Uppingham, 1998. Leicester Education Authority, London University and Leicestershire school and colleges hold examples. He lived in Stockingford, Warwickshire.

Artist and teacher, born in Glasgow, who studied foundation at Sir John Cass, 1992–3; gained a fine art honours degree at Middlesex University, 1993–6; and attended The Cooper Union, New York, America, 1995, the year she joined the LG. Taught foundation at Surrey Institute of Art and Design from 2001. Little was a finalist for the Mercury Music Prize and for Bayer Art, Earth Prize, both 1996. Group shows included English Speaking Union, Edinburgh, 1995; The Whitechapel Open, 1996; Will’s Art Warehouse, Windsor and London, both 1997; Woodlands Art Gallery, 2001; and The Walk Gallery, 2002. Had solo exhibitions at The Bedford Hill Gallery, 1997, and William IV, 1999. St Mary’s Hospital, Middlesex University and The Cooper Union hold examples. She lived in London. Pauline LITTLE 1961–

Robert LITTLEFORD 1940– North of England-based

artist whose parents were poorly-paid cotton workers. In his mid-twenties Littleford was inspired by a painting of the moon over an ocean, seen in a gallery window, painting then absorbed all his spare time and in 1971 he decided to become a professional artist. A first exhibition at Salford Art Gallery received good critical response and

Painter and teacher, born in Arbroath, Angus, where he eventually settled. He studied at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee, 1946–50, and won the RSA Guthrie Award in 1961; the Cargill Award of the Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts followed in 1966 and 1990. Littlejohn also won the Sir William Gillies Award of RSW in 1980. In 1966 Littlejohn joined the staff of Gray’s School of Art, Aberdeen, of which he became head. From 1963 he had a series of solo exhibitions at Scottish Gallery, Edinburgh; others included University of Leeds, 1976; and Loomshop Gallery, Lower Largo, Fife. Littlejohn’s work is in the collection of HM The Queen, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Scottish Arts Council and other Scottish galleries. The artist was noted for his still lifes in which the elements were distorted or abstracted in William LITTLEJOHN 1929–

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the interests of a felicitous pattern. Was deputy reluctant to exhibit his pictures, which were given president of RSA. a retrospective in 1989 at Scarborough Art Gallery. It holds 15 of his works. The artist Katie Sowter John LITTLEJOHNS 1874–c.1955 Painter, illustrator, was his daughter. writer and teacher, born at Orchard Hill, near Bideford, Devon, and married to the artist Idalia Jincheng LIU 1956– Figurative artist whose work Blanche Littlejohns. For some time they occupied reflected his admiration for French classical 2 Orchard Studios, in Brook Green. Littlejohns paintings, notably those of David and Ingres. Born was a member of the Arts Club, also of RBA, RWA in Beijing, China, he trained at its Art School, in and RI, with which he exhibited until 1954. He 1982 graduating from the department of fine art, was a prolific artist, also exhibiting with Fine Art Beijing College. Between 1983–8 he travelled Society RCamA, Walker’s Galleries and elsewhere. extensively in China, with a year in Tibet in 1987. His own books included Art in Schools, Sketching Showed three times at National Art Gallery, from Nature in Line and Tone and with Leonard Beijing. In 1989, moved to England for Richmond wrote The Technique of Watercolour postgraduate studies at Slade School of Fine Art, settling in south London. He took part in many and The Art of Painting in Pastel. group shows overseas and in Britain, such as Wilfred E LITTLEWOOD 1899–1977 Painter in oil Millennium 2000 at Albemarle Gallery, 1999–00, and restorer, born at New Mill, Huddersfield. He and had solo exhibitions in London. attended the School of Art in Huddersfield, was a part-time teacher, 1927–38, and continued to live William Bernard LIVERMORE 1890– Painter, in Huddersfield. Showed RA, in the Yorkshire area draughtsman and printmaker who was by and at Paris Salon. profession an accountant, born in London. He continued to live in the Hornsey area and studied William LITTLEWOOD 1893–1985 Illustrator and at Hornsey College of Art from 1938 with John artist of realistic work, in a variety of media, born Charles Moody and Norman Janes and at Central in Scarborough, Yorkshire, where he was brought School of Arts and Crafts, 1944–8, with William up by an aunt. She was persuaded to let William Palmer Robins. Exhibited RA, RI, SGA, RBA and attend evening classes at the local School of Art, elsewhere. Hastings Art Gallery holds his work. under the tutelage of Albert Strange, the principal, and Richard E Clarke. Two sponsors paid for the Peter LIVERSIDGE 1973– Painter who drew lessons, and Littlewood worked during the day for inspiration from euphoric advertisements in old an architect, then a printer. When war broke out, National Geographic magazines, as in his entry he volunteered for Queen Alexandra’s Own exhibited at John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, Regiment, seeing most of his contemporaries 1999. Liversidge was born in Lincoln, studying at killed. After the war, with Eric Marshal Hardy and Cumbria College of Art and Design, Carlisle, David Woolard, Littlewood ran an advertising 1992–3, and University of Plymouth, Exeter, 1993– agency in Bradford. Plagued by a weak heart, 6. He shared a show at Beak Gallery, Dublin, Littlewood became so unwell that in 1936 he had Ireland, 1998, solo exhibitions including A22 to move south to a cottage in rural Berkshire with Projects, 1998, Timothy Everest, 1999, and The his wife Kathleen, herself for many years an West at Richard Salmon, 2003. Liversidge was invalid, who was the focus of much of his output. involved in mail art. One of his biggest triumphs Littlewood worked as a government cartographer was successfully to mail from Exeter to London during World War II, then was a freelance artist, all 26 pieces, separate and unwrapped, of a school especially an illustrator of children’s classics, chair. The mailed chair was exhibited at The Spacex notable for intensely researched work. Although Gallery, Exeter. Paul E Stolper represented the he showed at RA and RBA, Littlewood was artist. 85

Thomas Alfred LIVERTON 1907–1972 Watercolourist, commercial designer and teacher, born in Barnstaple, Devon. Liverton studied at Bromley and Beckenham Schools of Art, 1924–8, under Percy Hague Jowett and Henry Carr, then for a similar period at the Royal College of Art under Randolph Schwabe and A K Lawrence. Liverton worked on illustrations and designs for textiles and posters. He taught at St Martin’s School of Art, Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, London College of Printing and the Borough Polytechnic, but retired at a comparatively early age to paint full-time. For many years lived near Rye, Sussex, and was well-known for his masterly evocations of seascapes and the Romney Marsh area in a wash technique similar to that of the better known RV Pitchforth. Exhibited RA, RBA, NEAC and in New York. A memorial show was held by Agnew in 1972. London County Council and provincial museums hold his work.

in a Rose Garden, The Royal National Rose Society, St Albans, and East End Open Studios, at Chisenhale Studios, both 1989.

Artist, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, who married a British diplomat whose postings in the mid-1970s included Paris, where she began life classes at L’École des Beaux-Arts. Livingston subsequently attended classes at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art, London, before returning to Paris in 1981, where she joined the studio of Sophia Vari, married to the Colombian artist Fernando Botero. There she developed her interest in space and volume, reflected in her fruit paintings. In the mid-1980s she attended drawing and sculpture classes at L’École des Arts Decoratifs, Geneva, Switzerland, and undertook private mural commissions. In 1993 she moved to Provence, France, holding solo shows in Gordes, 1996, and Avignon, 1998. There was one at Brian Sinfield Gallery, Burford, in 2001. Ana Maria LIVINGSTON 1941–

Painter, born in London into the well-known theatrical family. He studied at St Martin’s School of Art under Ruskin Spear. Showed widely overseas, with many solo exhibitions in Switzerland and several in Netherlands, Germany and America. After his death an exhibition was held at Linda Blackstone Gallery, Pinner, 1990. John LIVESEY 1926–1990

George David LIVINGSTON 1920– Primarily a commercial artist in watercolour and black-andwhite, he was born in Belfast, where he continued to live. Attended the Belfast Technical College, also the College of Art there, 1936–8. Showed UA, RUA and elsewhere.

Nan LIVINGSTON 1876–1952 Artist whose talents included landscapes in oil, sewing, tapestry and music, younger daughter of a timber merchant from Haddington, East Lothian. In the 1890s her father paid for trips to Paris to study painting and Germany for music, then in 1897 she married and settled in Edinburgh. East Lothian countryside was the main subject of her early pictures, reached by bicycle carrying her paints and a folding stool. Later she worked more in her studio, notably flower paintings, finally exclusively resorting to a palette knife. Exhibited RSA, RSW, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. Malcolm Innes Gallery, Edinburgh, put on a retrospective in 1995.

Di LIVEY 1946– Artist and teacher, born in Surrey,

who created constructions from materials such as canvas stretched or folded over a frame of wood, covered with many layers of acrylic paint. Although apparently abstract, titles were “keys to the ideas behind the works”. She studied at Guildford School of Art, 1962–4, Chelsea School of Art, 1964–7, and Royal College of Art, 1967–70. Taught widely, including St Martin’s School of Art, Middlesex Polytechnic and Royal College of Art. Showed at ICA, at several John Moores Liverpool Exhibitions at Walker Art Gallery and in Summer Show 2, at Serpentine Gallery, 1981. Lived in London, where Arts Council held her work. Among her solo shows was Project Arts, Dublin, 1978. Later group Michael LIVINGSTON-BOOTH 1946– Artist in mixed appearances included Empty Vesels, The media and teacher, born in Cambridge, who studied Winchester Gallery and tour, 1985, and Sculpture 86

at Falmouth College of Art, 1965–9, then Royal College of Art, 1969–71. Teaching included Portsmouth, Chelsea and Wimbledon Schools of Art. Group exhibitions included Festival at the Serpentine, Serpentine Gallery, 1972, and Electric Theatre, at ICA. When his work was shown in 6 Times at the Serpentine in 1976 Livingston-Booth said that his pieces The Attic, 1975, and View of Victoria, 1976, had “grown out of a belief that at any time, historically, an artist should be working as closely as possible to his present time … Photography, film, television, electronic amplification, etc, have usurped certain aspects of all art forms.”

Shipyard, Portugal. Her exhibitions included Buddle Art Gallery, Tyne and Wear, 1981; Carlisle Art Gallery, 1989; and the Newcastle Group show The Northern Lights at DLI Museum & Arts Centre and tour, Durham, 1990. Public sculptures are sited around Britain and in Portugal.

Li Yuan Chia (sometimes LI Yuan-chia) 1929–1994

Neil LIVINGSTONE 1952– Sculptor, born in Dundee, Angus, who after Dollar Academy studied at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art in Dundee, 1971–5, as well during holidays on the continent. Had early success when in 1975 he beat 28 other sculptors to win the City of Glasgow sculpture competition with his abstract conception Kentigern which had a soaring, bird-like shape. The Arbroathbased sculptor also did restoration work on Dunkeld Cathedral. Simon LIVINGSTONE 1966– Sculptor using various

modern materials, as in his work Budget Model BS6840, shown in the final year show, Royal Academy Schools, 2000. Livingstone attended the Schools in 1997–00. He had previously studied at De Montford University, Leicester, 1993–7. Livingston won a Landseer and British Institution Prizes for Sculpture, both 1998. Exhibitions included Usher Gallery, Lincoln, 1994. Lived in north London.

Sculptor and creator of assemblages; teacher. She was born in Oxfordshire, was for a while an apprentice jockey, then went to Swindon College of Art and Bristol Polytechnic to study sculpture, completing her master’s degree at Newcastle University in 1978. As well as teaching in Britain and at School of Art in Lisbon Livsey held an extensive number of residencies, including Preston Hospital, the National Museum of Horse Racing in Newmarket and Lisnave Julie LIVSEY 1951–

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Conceptual artist, photographer, gallery owner and teacher, born in Guangxi, China, who moved to Taiwan in 1949 following the Chinese Communist revolution. Enrolled at Taipei Normal College, where a classmate was Hsiao Chin, a crucial figure in Li’s artistic development. Li was dissatisfied with the conservative curriculum, and Hsiao introduced him to the studio of Li Chun-shan, legendary precursor of the modern movement among Chinese artists. After graduating, Li taught art to elementary schoolchildren and then, with Hsiao’s help, moved to Bologna, Italy, where in 1962–5 he worked for the furniture maker Gavina. In 1957 Li had founded the Ton-fan Group, the first abstract movement in Chinese art. Four years later Hsiao recruited Li as co-founder of the international Punto/Point art movement, a turning point in Li’s career, from which time he adopted points/circles in his works. After the 3+1 exhibition at Signals Gallery in 1966 in London, in which Li took part, he decided to remain in England, where Marlborough New London Gallery signed him up. He participated in the Lisson Gallery’s Cosmic Point, 1967, and Cosmic Multiple, 1968, exhibitions; in the Hyde Park All or Nothing show in 1967, and in Pavilions in the Park, 1968. Photography became important to him, and was incorporated in mixed media works. In 1968, after a visit to Cumbria, Li settled there and bought a farmhouse from the artist Winifred Nicholson, which opened as the LYC Museum and Art Gallery in 1972. It showed international artists and organised workshops for local people, but was forced to close in 1982 because of financial reasons. Latterly Li concentrated on his own art, which was included in the Hayward Gallery 1989–90 touring show The Other Story. Li’s design of a circle equally shared into three parts, with the words

Time-Life-Space inside them, became the logo for his museum. It is engraved on his tombstone at Lanercost Priory, Brampton. In 1997 Beatrice Gijsen-Hsieh, former curator at the Taiwan Museum of Art, organised a memorial show for Li there, which corrected many misconceptions about his life. Camden Arts Centre held a comprehensive survey in 2001. Tate Gallery, Hirshhorn Museum in New York and other international collections showed or hold work by Li, who died in Carlisle.

Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Paris, 1965–6; Richard Demarco Gallery, Edinburgh, 1966; Bradford Biennial, 1968–72; and Marine Artists, Mall Galleries, 1989–90. Solo shows included Reading University, 1967; Belgravia Art Gallery, 1973; and Amalgam in 1983–9. National Maritime Museum, in Greenwich, the Bibliothèque Nationale, in Paris, hold examples. Lived in London.

Deborah LLOYD 1972– Artist, born at Henllys, near

Artist, notably a draughtsman and printmaker, whose work had abstract tendencies, born in Swansea, south Wales. She studied at Barnsley School of Art, 1972–3, Bristol Polytechnic, 1973–6, and Slade School of Fine Art, 1976–81. Her exhibitions included Stowells Trophy at RA, 1976–8; Graffiti Gallery, Three College Show at Royal College of Art and Barnsley Library, all 1978; and in 1980 a solo show at Woodlands Art Gallery. Worked and lived for some years in southeast London.

Cwmbran, Monmouthshire, who graduated from Newport College of Art. Much of her output was in gouache and pencil, closely observed and with an attractive eccentricity. She showed at the New Designers Exhibition in London, received commissions and was included in the Queen’s Golden Jubilee exhibition of work by Welsh artists at Juxta Hayward White, Deddington, in 2002.

Julie LLEWELLYN 1954–

Artist in oil and watercolour, mural and film-set painter, writer and teacher. Born into an artistic family in London, she attended Chelsea School of Art from 1946, then from 1952 the Royal College of Art, studying under Ruskin Spear and specialising in mural design. When she left in 1952 she married a fellow-student, Jeffrey Hoare and began teaching. Taught in various art schools in Britain and America, including the Central School of Art, St Martin’s School of Art, Cambridge School of Art and Yehudi Menuhin School. Also taught from own studio and took painting groups to India. In 1953 had first one-man show in foyer of Royal Festival Hall, followed by others in Barbican Centre, Sally Hunter Fine Art and Austin/Desmond Fine Art, Sunninghill. Regular RA exhibitor who created several murals, including Chelsea Pensioners’ Rest Hall, National Farmers Union and Dundee University; painted scenery for the films Flash Gordon and Chariots of Fire; and wrote a book on Circles and Gardens. Nuffield Foundation and Gulbenkian Trust hold her work which commonly features informal still life in strong sunlight and saturated with colour. Lived in London.

Elizabeth Jane LLOYD 1928–1995

Owen LLEWELLYN 1927– Painter, draughtsman and

bookbinder, born in Watford, Hertfordshire, whose full name was Owen John Llewellyn Williams. Studied at St Martin’s School of Art, 1943–7, his teachers including James Bateman and Robin Guthrie, then Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts and the London University Institute of Education, 1948–9. Taught in Nottingham, where he lived, and showed in the Midlands and London.

Painter, originally a printmaker, and teacher, born in Sydney, Australia. He studied at Julian Ashton Art School there with John Passmore; at London College of Printing and Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art; then did postgraduate study at Atelier 17 in Paris with S W Hayter. In 1967 Lloyd gained a Norwegian government stipend at Atelier Nord, Oslo. From 1966–85 Lloyd lectured at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art and also was a visiting teacher at Brighton Polytechnic, after which he drew and painted full-time. Group exhibitions included AIA, Printmakers’ Council, Brighton Printmakers and RE, of which he was an associate. Also showed at Hilary LLOYD 1964– Artist using film and video, Charles LLOYD 1930–

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born in Yorkshire, whose work featured locations such as the city and clubs, who studied at Newcastle upon Tyne Polytechnic, 1984–7. She was included in Hayward Gallery’s The British Art Show 5 tour and Intelligence: New British Art, Tate Britain, both in 2000. In that year Lloyd won a Paul Hamlyn Foundation Visual Arts Award and a year’s residency at Laurenz House Foundation, Basle, Switzerland. Had a solo show at Chisenhale Gallery, 1999. In 2003 Lloyd was one of three artists commissioned by Contemporary Projects to produce work for that year’s 50th Venice Biennale.

Galleries, 1996; ROI, 1997; Hunting Art Prizes at Royal College of Art and MAFA, Manchester City Art Galleries, both 1997; Art Aid, Vinopolis Gallery, 2000; The Discerning Eye, selector and exhibitor, 2001; and Being Present, Jerwood Space, 2004. Among Lloyd’s solo exhibitions were Six Chapel Row Contemporary Art, Bath, 2002. His portrait of the one-time Lord Chancellor Derry Irvine was commissioned and unveiled at the Inner Temple, 2003, that of the fashion designer Sir Paul Smith being hung in the National Portrait Gallery in 2004.

Katherine Constance LLOYD fl. from early 1920s–

Painter, principally in gouache using a Pointillist style, consisting of tiny dots. Born at Alsager, Cheshire, until 19 Lloyd assisted on the family farm, then joined the police force. He subsequently worked as a gasworks stoker, bus conductor, builder’s labourer and lamplighter. In 1950 he and his family moved to Yorkshire; he lived at Skirpenbeck, where he became a cowman. By this time he was painting seriously, producing about a picture a week in his spare time, having been encouraged by the art critic Sir Herbert Read. In 1965 began full-time painting, his first, 1964, show, at the Portal Gallery, having been acclaimed. He had other exhibitions there in 1966, 1968 and 1971. L S Lowry owned Lloyd’s work, in 1968 calling him “the most important British naïve painter of today”. The Tate Gallery, Leeds City Art Gallery and York Art Gallery acquired Lloyd’s pictures. Died in the Purey Cust Nursing Home, York.

Painter in oil of portraits and flowers; artist in pastel. Studied at Slade School of Fine Art under Philip Wilson Steer and Henry Tonks. Exhibited RA, NEAC, SWA, RP and extensively at Cooling Galleries. Lived at Hartley Wintney, Hampshire.

James LLOYD 1905–1974

Marilyn LLOYD fl. from mid-1970s– Artist and designer, who studied at Epsom School of Art from

1967 and St Martin’s School of Art from 1969, graduating in art and design (fashion) in 1972, with an advanced certificate in painting and film-making, 1974. Group shows included Gimpel Fils. Solo exhibitions included National Theatre; South Hill Park, Bracknell; Open studio in Guildford; and landscape and still life at Century Galleries, Henley-on-Thames, 1997.

Nick LLOYD 1951– Sculptor, draughtsman and teacher who was born in Wolverhampton. He studied at Newcastle University, gaining a Rome Scholarship in Sculpture, 1975. Among his teaching appointments was Leicester Polytechnic. Lloyd was noted as a stone-carver, his work James LLOYD 1971– Painter, notably of portraits, abstract in tendency but related to landscape. He who studied at Blackpool College of Art and took part in many group shows, including Northern Design, 1987–9; Coventry University, 1989–92; Young Contemporaries, Whitworth Art Gallery, and the Slade School of Fine Art, 1994–6. Awards Manchester; Sculpture in the Park, Rufford and scholarships included Paul Smith Scholarships, Country Park, Nottinghamshire, 1987; National 1994–6; Elizabeth Greenshields Foundation Garden Festival, Gateshead, 1990, and in same Awards, 1994–6–9; Winsor & Newton Young year the Newcastle Group show The Northern Artists’ Award, 2nd Prize, and BP Portrait Award, Lights at DLI Museum & Arts Centre and tour. 1st Prize, both 1997; and Carrol Foundation, Young Solo shows included Hatton Gallery, Newcastle, Artist of the Year Award, Prize Winner, 1999. Many 1978, and Bede Gallery, Jarrow, 1988. Arts Council famous politicians, designers and businessmen sat holds his work. Lived in Blackhall Mill, County for Lloyd, whose mixed shows included RP, Mall Durham. 89

Norman Lloyd 1894–c.1980 Landscape painter, born in Hamilton, New South Wales, Australia. He studied at Sydney Art School with Julian Ashton; was wounded during World War I military service, after which he began painting again during recovery; then exhibited in Sydney with Ashton’s group in the mid-1920s. Lloyd moved to study in France and Italy, settling eventually in St John’s Wood, London, becoming a member of ROI in 1935, the Royal Society of Arts in 1938 and the Savage Club and London Sketch Club. He showed with ROI, RA and RI and extensively in Paris. In the mid-1960s Lloyd moved to the Indre region of France. Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth, holds Lloyd’s oil on canvas Morning, Middle Harbour, Sydney, of 1925 (some sources give Lloyd’s birth year as 1895 or 1897, but the biographical details supplied by the artist to Perth state 1894). In 1980, a letter to the Sydney Morning Herald stated that Lloyd had had a stroke in November 1979 and was in a nursing home somewhere in England.

service he attended part-time classes at Exeter School of Art, from 1956 living in Bideford. Lloyd was a member of RI from 1992, having been awarded its bronze medal in 1989. His work went through various metamorphoses, but a strong NeoRomantic streak and an interest in such subjects as Silbury, Stonehenge, Avebury and Maiden Castle were key features. Lloyd contributed to many mixed shows in London and the provinces. Had a solo exhibition at Dawlish, 1950, later ones including Burton Art Gallery, Bideford, 1991, Waterside Art Gallery, Instow, 1993. Harlequin Gallery held a retrospective, 2001, with a show of Cornish paintings in 2003, and in 2004 The Long Curve Gallery, Chipping Campden, showed Lloyd’s work. Lloyd’s commissions included a painted rood for the Church of the Assumption, Walkern, 1954; a 70-foot mural for Salesian College, Battersea, 1965; and an iron lectern for St Boniface’s Church, Adler Street, 1980, which contains several other commissions by him, including a 1963 stained glass west window. Lloyd also illustrated books by the poet Ted Hughes, including What is Truth, 1984, and The Mermaid’s Purse, 1993. Victoria & Albert Museum, Tate Gallery and British Embassy, Paris, hold examples.

Peter LLOYD 1968– Printmaker producing powerful

and colourful images, as in his Mexican masked wrestlers, Heavyweights, shown solo at Agnew in 2001, where screenprints were enhanced with materials such as diamond dust and glitter. Born in Liverpool, Lloyd graduated with first-class honours in printmaking from Winchester School of Art, 1993–6, gaining his master’s from the Royal College of Art, 1998–00. Awards included British Airways Award, travel scholarship, 1999; Augustus Martin Awards, best graduating printmaker of the year, 2000; and finalist, Pizza Express Contemporaries, 2001. Among his group shows were British Prints, Direkt Gallery, Berlin, Germany, 1997; Six Contemporary Artists, The Tannery, 1999; and “0”, Henry Peacock Gallery, 2000. Hochschule de Kunst, Berlin, and several corporate collections hold examples.

Painter, born in Laugharne, Carmarthenshire, an area which was the subject of her pictures and where she always lived. A selftaught artist, she exhibited in Women’s Institute shows, on one occasion winning a gold medal, and took part in WAC An Alternative Tradition show, in 1972.

Sarah J LLOYD 1896–

Selwyn LLOYD 1967– Painter, born in Doncaster, Yorkshire, who studied at the local College of Art, 1985–6, then Loughborough College of Art and Design, 1986–9. Among his appearances was John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1989–90, with the enigmatic canvas The Irradiation Ceremony. Lived in Newquay, Cornwall.

Reginald James LLOYD 1926– Artist in wide variety

of media, born in Hereford, although he was associated with the West Country from the age of two when his family moved to Dawlish, Devon. Was largely self-taught, although after Army

Sculptor, printmaker, illustrator and letterer, born in Longworth House, Berkshire. She was married to Professor Seton Lloyd, in charge of Western Asiatic Archaeology Ulrica LLOYD 1911–1987

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at London University; her maiden name was Fitzwilliams Hyde, which led to her pet name Hydie. She studied at the Royal College of Art and in Paris; worked as an apprentice to a sculptor; then to a stonemason, for although she had taken a diploma in design and engraving sculpture remained her main business. In between accompanying her husband on digs, Ulrica Lloyd worked mainly on religious sculptures, latterly in metal-filled polyester fibreglass. These she described as “Medieval, straightforward and representational”. Her work is distributed widely through England, examples being in churches in Slough, Wantage, Barnstaple and Ashbury, and she also made a memorial to the writer Agatha Christie in Moulsford. Lived for many years at Woolstone, Berkshire.

inherited from a brother. He exhibited widely in group shows: NEAC in 1942, ROI from 1950, NS and RBA from 1952, UA from 1953 and elsewhere. Was a member of Colchester Art Society from 1960. Although Lloyd’s exhibiting career was strongly concentrated in the Essex area in later years, his first three exhibitions were in Sri Lanka. In 1976 he had a one-man at Mercury Theatre Gallery, Colchester; further shows included one there in 1989 and another nearby at Chappel Galleries, 1992, which gave him a memorial exhibition in 2001.

Painter and draughtsman born in Cambridge, where she settled. She studied art privately with A C Amerasekara early in World War II for a short period. Contributed to scientific publications and exhibited with PS, Vincent LLOYD 1960– Painter, draughtsman and RBA, RCamA and in the provinces, showing solo teacher, born in Folkestone, Kent, who studied at locally. She sometimes hyphenated Lloyd-Jones. Medway College of Design and Camberwell School of Art. He taught at Marlborough College Mary LLOYD JONES 1934– Painter, textile artist and and for the Open College of the Arts four years teacher, born in Devil’s Bridge, Cardiganshire. She after winning a David Murray Studentship, RA, was educated at Cardiff College of Art, then began 1984. Took part in the South Bank Picture Show, a career in teaching which included experience in Royal Festival Hall, from 1984; Café Gallery Open, London, at Swansea College of Art and in Dyfed. from 1986; Small Works Open, at Square Gallery, In the mid-1970s with her husband she began a 1988; and Royal Over-Seas League Open, 1995, summer school in the visual arts at Felinfach Art where he showed the amusing acrylic on board Centre and College of Further Education, Dyfed. Exotic Dancer With Pink Fringe. Had a solo She did television work in Welsh. A member of exhibition, Figures in the Landscape, at the 56 Group, she also took part in group shows Mounthouse Gallery, Marlborough, 1988, later at Howard Roberts Gallery in Cardiff, Royal ones including Camden Arts Centre, 1989. South National Eisteddfod and elsewhere. Solo shows included WAC, Oriel, Cardiff, and a major one at East Arts holds his work. Aberystwyth Arts Centre, 2001, which included Wyndham LLOYD 1909–1997 Painter, notable for his ceiling-hung installations. Lived in Llandysul, landscapes which had a strong pattern element. He Dyfed. was self-taught, apart from six months at night school in Colchester and advice from other artists. Peter LLOYD JONES 1932– Painter, draughtsman Although he started painting as a small boy and and writer who, in 1958, after studying science at wanted to be an artist or architect, for financial London and Cambridge Universities, went to the security Taffy Lloyd was sent from England to Slade School of Fine Art for drawing, teaching Ceylon at 19 to be a tea planter. In World War II chemistry at night school and for the United States he served with the Ceylon Planters’ Rifle Corps in Air Force to support his art. In 1959 he was north Africa; went back to Ceylon and became a accepted at the Courtauld Institute of Art on a tea broker; and in 1960, learning he had skin cancer, Nuffield research grant to work on the problems returned to live on a farm at Great Horkesley, Essex, of Old Master media and materials, during this Audrey LLOYD JONES 1902–1989

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period becoming interested in the art historian E H Gombrich’s theories. Between 1959–61 he showed figurative paintings in group exhibitions at the New Art Centre; in 1968, was a prize winner in Arts Council of Northern Ireland show Open Painting 68; and in 1970 his solo exhibition with The Richard Demarco Gallery, Edinburgh, included geometrical abstract works based on ragas, “my own free variation on this old Indian theme”. In 1969 Lloyd Jones became co-editor of Leonardo, the international journal of contemporary arts. He also wrote for The Listener, Burlington Magazine, New York Review of Books and scientific journals. Lived in London.

Peter LLOYD-JONES 1940–2001 Painter, performance and installation artist, and teacher, born in Bristol, whose integrity and sensitivity were encapsulated within a fragile personality, denying him wide recognition. After Salisbury College of Art, in 1959 Lloyd-Jones entered Chelsea College of Art where the principal, Lawrence Gowing, was his great champion and where he was to teach from 1961–4. Lloyd-Jones had won a Boise Travelling Scholarship to Sweden, 1960, and a Gulbenkian Foundation Purchase Award, 1962. He had a well-received solo show at the New Art Centre, 1965, the Arts Council acquiring his abstract drawing March No II. Later taught part-time at Maidenhead College of Art, 1965–70, and Hammersmith College of Art, 1973– 4. Lloyd-Jones’s wife, the artist Jane Percival, whom he replaced at Hammersmith when she was expecting their second daughter, remembered his huge student following “because he took things to the edge, when talking.” From the mid-1970s into the early 1980s, Lloyd-Jones and Michael Upton were part of Britain’s performance and installation scene, appearing at venues including the ICA, Arnolfini Gallery in Bristol, Peterloo Gallery, Manchester, and the Arts Lab, Birmingham. On returning to his individual career Lloyd-Jones destroyed much of his early work, moving from abstraction to figuration. The Arts Council added his Laughter (9 Conditions) to its collection in 1980. Although there were solo shows at the Lewis

Johnstone Gallery, 1981 and 1983, and at Cassian de Vere Cole Fine Art, 1996, Lloyd-Jones was latterly able to work only sporadically, struggling with clinical depression and a breakdown. He died in Glastonbury, Somerset, just after a retrospective at the Wedmore Arts for the Millennium festival.

Peter LLOYD-JONES 1956– Painter of interiors and landscapes notable for their subtle use of colour, delicacy and restraint. After a foundation course at West Surrey College of Art and Design at Farnham, Lloyd-Jones gained his diploma from the Ruskin School of Drawing, Oxford, 1977–9, then did a postgraduate diploma at Royal Academy Schools, 1980–3. He showed at RA Summer Exhibitions from 1982, other mixed exhibitions including Agnew Young Contemporaries in 1988, Lee Ann Lester Gallery in Los Angeles, 1990, and Critic’s Choice at Beaux Arts Gallery, Bath, 1991. In 1979 Lloyd-Jones gained the David Murray Award for Landscape Painting, and again in 1982; in 1981 he won the Winsor and Newton Award, and in 1983 the Elizabeth Greenshields Foundation Award for Drawing and Painting. From 1983 he had a series of solo shows at Cadogan Contemporary. Lived in Wotton-under-Edge, Gloucestershire. Matthew LLOYD SMALL 1975– Artist who in a series

of portraits of young people “explored the attitudes and reality of teenage life in Britain”. He studied foundation art and design at Barnet College, 1993– 4; obtained his National Diploma, Graphic Design, there, 1994–5; graduated with first-class honours in illustration, Westminster University, 1995–8; and obtained his master’s at the Royal College of Art, 1998–00. Lloyd Small gained a Sir John Cass Foundation Scholarship in 1998. Exhibitions included Artist and Illustrator, Best Student Illustration Exhibit, Business Design Centre, Islington, 1998; Last Show on Earth, Clerkenwell Arts Centre, 1999; Folio Society Book Illustration, Royal College of Art, and Ed-Man-F Drawing Competition Finalist Show, Royal College, joint second place, both 2000; and ART2001, Lefevre Contemporary Art at Business Design Centre. 92

to the painter Georgina Lochtie. He was born in Dublin, Ireland, of Scottish parents, and studied at Edinburgh College of Art as a mature student after World War II. Contemporary Scottish artists influenced his work, which was shown at Scottish Arts Club, Edinburgh. After teaching in that city, he moved to London in 1956 to pursue a commercial career. Pictures by him and his wife were offered by Rosebery’s West Norwood auction rooms in 2002.

John Hodgson LOBLEY 1878–1954 Painter, born in Huddersfield, Yorkshire. After Huddersfield Technical College, went to Royal College of Art, Slade School of Fine Art and the Royal Academy Schools, winning several medals. During the latter part of World War I he was an Official War Artist. Exhibited RA, RI, RBA, ROI, RP, RIBA, Goupil and Leger Galleries (had a solo at Leger 1934) and Ridley Art Club. Imperial War Museum holds his work. Member of the Art Club in Bournemouth, Hampshire, where he lived.

Painter, printmaker and draughtsman specialising in country scenes, especially of working horses. Studied at Westminster School of Art under Walter Sickert, 1910–12, then Bolt Court School, where he specialised in lithography and worked under Walter Bayes, 1912–14. Illustrated several books with outdoor and hunting themes. Exhibited RA, RWS, ROI and Paris Salon, having one-man shows at Leger Galleries. British Museum and British Council bought his work. Lived in London. Anton LOCK 1893–1971

Painter, born in New Zealand, who did a fine art diploma at Byam Shaw School of Art, 1986–9; studied at Kunst Akademie in Düsseldorf, 1989–90; then gained his master’s degree at Goldsmiths’ College, 1990–2. After studying at film and television school, for five years Lochore designed and made film-sets. At Young British Artists IV, Saatchi Gallery, 1995, Lochore showed a group of large, highly atmospheric Shadow Paintings in which refined grey lines, the shadows of windows, were displayed on a white ground. The large oil on canvas Ladder Donald LOCKE 1930– Painter, artist in ceramics, Shadow was in the 1995–6 John Moores Liverpool sculptor and teacher, born in Stewartville, Guyana. His initial art education was obtained in a working Exhibition. Lived in London. people’s art class, a British Council Scholarship Georgina LOCHTIE 1927–2002 Painter of landscapes taking him to Bath Academy of Art, in 1954, to and figures, also producing drawings and collages, study painting, sculpture and ceramics. Five years as well as teacher, maiden name Jane E G Tainsh, later a Guyana government grant enabled Locke married to the artist John Youngclause Lochtie. to attend Edinburgh University, where he took a She was born in Alva, Clackmannanshire, and degree in fine art. From 1964–71 he taught at studied at Edinburgh College of Art under William Queen’s College, Georgetown, in Guyana, where Gillies, John Maxwell, Donald Moodie, William he gradually began to concentrate on ceramics. In McTaggart and Leonard Rosoman, the Scottish 1971 he set up a studio in London and also taught, influence on her subtly Colourist work remaining in Chester and London. Exhibited widely apparent. After Moray House training she taught internationally and eventually moved to teach and art in Scotland, then in London, finally as deputy work at Arizona State University, living in Phoenix. head at Sedgehill Secondary School, also being an Locke’s work has been said to scan Modernism examiner. A group of pictures by Lochtie and her and his personal history, with strong sexual husband was offered at Rosebery’s auction rooms, allusion. He participated in The Other Story show West Norwood, in 2002. Died in Crystal Palace, at Hayward Gallery, and touring, 1989–90. south London. Hew LOCKE 1959– Artist using a range of media John Youngclause LOCHTIE 1919–2001 Artist and who gained a fine art degree at Falmouth School teacher whose work included landscapes, of Art, 1985–8, then a sculpture master’s at the humorous drawings and fashion studies, married Royal College of Art, 1991–3. His original and Brad LOCHORE 1960–

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playful work drew on aspects of medieval cathedral sculpture, Islamic design and Spanish art and the global commodification of culture. In 1995 Locke’s piece Ark was exhibited at De La Warr Pavilion, Bexhill-on-Sea; in 2000, his Hemmed in II, a large drawn, painted and cut cardboard construction, part boat, part package and part fairground ride, was shown at the Victoria & Albert Museum, then the Norton Family Foundation Collection, California, America. With it he shared the East International Award at Norwich Art Gallery in 2000, the year he won a Paul Hamlyn Foundation Visual Arts Award. Solo exhibitions included Cardboard Palace, at Chisenhale Gallery, 2002, and Hales Gallery, 2003, the year he was shortlisted for the Jerwood Sculpture Prize. Victoria & Albert Museum and Charles Saatchi acquired Locke’s work.

Northampton, hold examples.

Eva LOCKEY 1952– Abstract sculptor who studied

on fine art diploma course at North-East London Polytechnic, 1973–6, then did postgraduate work at St Martin’s School of Art, 1976–7. Exhibitions included Young Contemporaries at RA, 1977; Cannizaro Park Sculpture Show, from 1979; Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1981; and in same year Painters + Sculptors from the Greenwich Studios at Woodlands Art Gallery. Later exhibitions included a three-artist show at The Vortex Gallery, 2002.

Painter, teacher and muralist, born in Leven, Fife. He studied at Edinburgh College of Art, 1940–6, with Joan Hassall, John Maxwell and William Gillies, finally for postgraduate work. He was principal teacher of art at Ballingry Junior High School, 1959–84. Lockhart was a member of SSA, 1959–79, and of RSW from 1969. He painted a large mural, Many Mansions, in Benarty Primary School, Lochore. Showed at Douglas & Foulis, Edinburgh, in twoman exhibition in 1963; Fife Group, at English Speaking Union, Edinburgh; RSA, and elsewhere. Solo exhibitions included Loomshop Gallery, Lower Largo, 1989, and Small Gallery, Anstruther, 1991. West Riding of Yorkshire and Dunbartonshire Education Authorities and Scottish Arts Council hold his work. Lived in Hillend, Fife. David LOCKHART 1922–

David H LOCKETT 1958– Artist

and teacher, born in the Cuckfield area of Sussex, who studied at Bath Academy of Art, 1976–7, then Westhill Teacher Training College, 1979–82. Lockett taught at various secondary schools in England, in 1987– 8 teaching in Mozambique. Participated in East End Open Studios, based at Pixley Street Studios, in 1989.

Painter, printmaker and teacher who also worked as John Luce Lockett, born and lived in Northampton. He studied at the local School of Art and Byam Shaw School of Drawing. Lockett was a representational artist who also taught life drawing and artistic anatomy and from 1986 with his wife ran a private studio gallery, holding regular spring and Christmas shows. He showed with RP and was a council member of the Northampton Town and County Art Society. Solo shows included Four Seasons Gallery, Northampton, 1977; Hurlingham Gallery, 1989; and The City Gallery, Leicester, 1992. In 2003, Karen Taylor Contemporary Art Gallery, St Margaret’s, Twickenham, showed Lockett’s work. His exhibition, The Bohemians, was at The McNeill Gallery, Radlett, in 2005. Weston Hall, Shropshire; Franciscan Novitiate House, Manchester; and St Crispin’s Hospital, John LOCKETT 1952–

Gavin LOCKHEART 1961– Painter, printmaker and

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teacher, notable for his colourful and imaginative depiction of landscape, born in Staffordshire. Group exhibitions included St Martin’s School of Art Degree Show, 1983; Physical Chemistry, Queen Elizabeth Hall, 1985; Five London Painters, Eilat Gordin Gallery, Hollywood, California, 1986; Wild, Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, and Harris Museum & Art Gallery Preston, 1993; and Beaux Arts, 1996. In 1987, Lockheart had solo shows at Carlile Gallery in London and in Italy at Studio d’Arte Lanza, Verbania, and he shared an exhibition with Peter Randall-Page at Houldsworth Fine Art, 1997. The year before, Lockheart had gained an Arts Foundation/Barclays Private Banking

Fellowship in Painting. From 1990–4, he was a 1984, full-time from 1988 after moving to part-time lecturer in painting and printmaking at Lapworth, Warwickshire. Was elected to Stourbridge College of Art. Birmingham Art Club, 1991, RBSA, 1994. Work selected for open exhibitions included the RWA, Judith LOCKIE 1947– Printmaker, draughtsman and RI, RWS, RBA and Singer & Friedlander/Sunday teacher, born in London, who studied design and Times Watercolour Competition. Solo exhibitions printmaking at Guildford School of Art and included Coventry Colliery Recaptured, National travelled widely through Europe and North Coal Mining Museum, Overton, 1998, and America. In 1975 went to Japan and studied Coventry Colliery, End of an Era, Herbert Art woodblock printing with Yoskisuje Funasaka for Gallery, Coventry, 1999; these two and other two years; in 1977 returned to London to spend Midland collections hold Lockwood’s pictures, four years as a printmaker, starting to exhibit; in which mixed accuracy and fine aesthetic qualities. 1981 returned to Tokyo for a further year of study and printmaking, followed by nine months in Catherine LOCKWOOD 1975– Artist who attended Western Australia; moved to Suffolk in 1983, Wimbledon School of Art, 1994–7, and Royal setting up a print workshop for etching and College of Art, 1997–9. Exhibitions included Cut woodblock printing in 1988, also teaching at Gallery, 1996; Library Gallery, Wimbledon, 1997; Suffolk College; then in 1997 and 1999 was invited and she was Artist of the Day, chosen by Graham to run a woodblock print workshop as resident Crowley, Royal College professor of painting, at artist at The Naropa Institute, Boulder, Colorado, Flowers East, 1999. in America. Was a member of The Suffolk Group and a founder-member of 090o. Had many group Dorothy LOCKWOOD fl. from 1930s– Watercolourist, shows, later solo exhibitions including Prints and born and lived in Birmingham, where she studied Drawings 1976–1999, Christchurch Mansion, at Birmingham College of Arts and Crafts, Moseley 1999, and John Russell Gallery, 2000–1, both in Street, under Bernard Fleetwood-Walker and Ipswich. Lockie’s work was scattered with Harold Smith. She was elected RBSA in 1959 and symbols, such as discs, birds, flying figures and RWS in 1974, also showing elsewhere. people tramping through landscapes. Lived in Frank Taylor LOCKWOOD 1895–1961 Painter and Framlingham, Suffolk. commercial artist, born in Linthwaite, Yorkshire,

Artist, designer and teacher, born in Birmingham, son of the painter Frank Taylor Lockwood, Arthur’s wife Gillian and son Paul both being artists. Gained a first-class diploma in book illustration at Birmingham College of Art, 1951–4, becoming an associate of the Royal College of Art, graphic design, 1956–9. Lockwood was a visiting lecturer at Bath Academy of Art, Chelsea and Harrow Schools of Art and Hornsey College of Art. He was a prolific book designer, 1959–87, awards including Times Educational Supplement Information Book Award and Schönste Bücher aus aller Welt, Leipzig, Germany, both 1973. Was art editor, Rathbone Books and Aldus Books, 1959–65; freelanced, 1965–87; and was retained by both Penguin Books and Leicester University Press. Began painting in Arthur LOCKWOOD 1934–

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father of the artist Arthur Lockwood. He attended Huddersfield Technical College, 1909–12; was apprenticed as a lithographic artist at Netherwood Dalton, Huddersfield; between 1917–19 served with the Northumberland Fusiliers and Royal Flying Corps; worked as a commercial artist mainly in Birmingham, in 1933 joining Cadbury Brothers, becoming manager of their sales and advertising studio, in 1958 retiring to paint full-time. Joined Birmingham’s Watercolour Society, 1938, and Art Circle, 1943; Easel Club and Clarendon Fellowship, 1947, and other local societies; and was made an associate of RBSA, 1960. Lockwood recorded change in Birmingham, where he settled, visually and in his extensive diary. Frank T Lockwood pen and ink drawings of the Midland Scene was published privately in 1962. In 1994

Polytechnic, 1988–91. Group shows included RWS Summer Open, from 1994; RWA Open, from 1996, and RBSA Open, from 1997. Had a solo exhibition at Kew Staircase Gallery. His prints included linocuts and woodcuts, and among main works were Filophobia, Treasure and Ship of Fools. Lived in Lapworth, Warwickshire.

Birmingham Art Gallery, which holds an extensive Lockwood archive, showed his work in From Green Fields to Suburbia.

Ceramist, designer, teacher and writer, born in Bromley, Kent, married to the artist Arthur Lockwood, their son being the painter and printmaker Paul Lockwood. She gained her National Diploma in Design from Beckenham School of Art, 1954–6, graduating in graphic design from the Royal College of Art, 1956–9. Was a senior designer for Woudhuysen Design Group and taught at Putney Park School for Girls and at Richmond Adult College. Her books included Making Soft Toys, 1967; Making Clothes for Young Children, 1969; How to Sew Presents from Scraps, 1974; and How to Make and Dress a Doll, 1975. Lockwood was from 1961 a member of the Society of Industrial Artists, later resigning; also belonging to Midland Potters, 1988, Birmingham Art Circle, 1990, its president from 1998, and RBSA as a full member, 1999. Showed at RWA and at Heart of England Biennial Exhibition, at Herbert Art Gallery, Coventry, both from 1995; won a Ceramic Prize, RBSA Prize Exhibition, 1996; also exhibited at The Lion Gallery, Leominster, and Ombersley Gallery, Worcestershire; and in 1996 took part in Lockwood family show at Museum of Richmond. Her ceramics included decorative figure pieces and large forms based on plants and seeds, Herbert Art Gallery acquiring Conkers. Lived in Lapworth, Warwickshire. Gillian LOCKWOOD 1936–

Painter, born Violet Uppington in Tredegar, south Wales, her father a headmaster. After studying English at Bristol University, she taught in Leeds for two years, then moved to London, changing her name to Diana. Worked as a Tiller Girl; modelled for Eric Gill and Duncan Grant; in 1932 married literary scholar and poet Oliver Lodge, eldest son of the physicist and psychical researcher Sir Oliver Lodge; and, having lived for periods in France, Canada and America, and having had three children, in 1946 settled in Gloucestershire. This home became a gathering point for artists and writers, and there she began painting seriously. After her husband’s death in 1955 she wintered for some years in Puerto Rico, oil paintings of its landscape selling well; had exhibitions in Washington, America, also in London. Black Mountains watercolours and the interior of her home were other notable subjects. Van Gogh, Samuel Palmer and Odilon Redon were cited as influences on work that had a strong emotional and spiritual content. Prayer and mysticism were important to Lodge, who converted from Anglicanism to Roman Catholicism and who lived finally, still painting, at a retreat centre near Stroud.

Diana LODGE 1906–1998

Designer, illustrator and teacher, born in Huddersfield, Yorkshire. He studied at Leeds College of Art, 1946–9, then Huddersfield School of Art, 1949. As well as doing book-jacket work, illustrations for magazines and commercial designs, Lockwood exhibited in London, the English provinces and in Guernsey, Channel Islands, where he settled in St Peter Port. Had a strong interest in art education. Kenneth LOCKWOOD 1920–

George LODGE 1860–1954 Artist, writer and traveller, noted for his atmospheric and meticulous depictions of birds. He was born in Horncastle, Lincolnshire. At Lincoln School of Art Lodge gained 14 prizes for drawing, later becoming an expert wood engraver. As a young man Lodge travelled to Ceylon, Japan, the West Indies and elsewhere. A great sportsman, he enjoyed annual Paul LOCKWOOD 1963– Painter and printmaker, trips to Scotland and the salmon rivers of Norway, born in Richmond, Surrey, son of Arthur and gathering material for his work on birds of prey. Gillian Lockwood, both artists. Paul gained an Lodge himself flew falcons. He had stuffed his honours degree in fine art from Middlesex first bird, an owl, at the age of 12 and said that it 96

was impossible to draw a bird’s appearance and at adult education classes. Lofthouse was a correctly without an intimate knowledge of its member of NS, UA and Ridley Art Society. Showed inside. Eventually Lodge built the Hawk House at also at RBA, ROI, at Walker Art Gallery in Camberley, Surrey, where he settled. His plates for Liverpool and elsewhere and had many solo Beebe’s A Monograph of the Pheasants and his exhibitions. Surrey University holds her work. several hundred illustrations for Bannerman’s 12 Lived in Farnham, Surrey. volumes of The Birds of the British Isles are classics. Aged 85 Lodge wrote his only book: Andrew LOGAN 1945– Versatile and enterprising Memories of an Artist Naturalist. The Tryon designer and sculptor, born in Witney, Oxfordshire, who graduated with a diploma in architecture from Gallery showed Lodge’s work. Oxford School of Architecture, 1964–70. He Jean LODGE 1941– Painter, printmaker and teacher, “experienced Flower Power” in America in 1967. born in Dayton, Ohio, America, who graduated Did a hologram course at Goldsmiths’ College, from Miami University of Ohio in 1963, then 1982. Logan was noted for projects carried out moved to Europe; in 1964 studying at the with a showbiz flair, who to some dressed weirdly, Kokoschka School, Salzburg; in 1965 at Ruskin producing camp sculptures, costumes and jewellery School of Fine Art, Oxford; worked with S W out of mirror and lurid plastic, but who was Hayter at Atelier 17, Paris, 1965–9; and helped set undeniably dedicated and persistent. He said that up a printmaking workshop in Paris with A his aim was “to bring joy and happiness to the Caporaso, 1969. From 1978–96, Lodge was head world”. Logan was most famous as the inventor of printmaking at the Ruskin School, then became and impresario of The Alternative Miss World, a full-time artist and freelance teacher. She was a which began in 1972, the series continuing member of the Printmakers’ Council, RE, and in periodically at various venues. The first showing France of Le Trait and Xylon. Mixed exhibitions of the film The Alternative Miss World was held included Oxford Art Society. Had many solo at the Odeon, Leicester Square, 1979, followed by shows, later ones including Praxis International the Cannes Film Festival, 1980. Logan had his first Art Gallery, University of South Florida, Sarasota, solo show at New Art Centre, 1973. Other events 1994; and in 1996 Galerie Schweitzer, in his multi-faceted career included Egypt Luxembourg, and Broughton House Gallery, Revisited, sound and light spectacular in a tent on Cambridge. Took part in many international print Clapham Common, 1978; decorations for Zandra biennales, latterly including Taipei, Taiwan, from Rhodes’ fashion show, 1980; Snow Sculpture 1987, and Kochi International, Japan, 1993. Work World Championships, Finland, 1982; piece in held by many public collections internationally, Holographic Show, York Arts Festival, 1984; debut including Ashmolean Museum in Oxford; as a theatre designer, Wolfy, Ballet Rambert, Big Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris; Bibliothèque Top, Battersea, 1987; retrospective, Museum of Royale, Bruxelles; and Museo della Xilografia, Modern Art, Oxford, 1991, with tour; Jewels Venice. Lodge was a fellow of New College, Fantasy Exhibition, Victoria & Albert Exhibition, Oxford, living in the city at Headington, and in 1992; a show at Cheltenham Art Gallery, 2000–1, Paris, France. and watercolours at A&D Gallery, 2002, in the same year there sharing an exhibition with Duggie Hermione Thornton LOFTHOUSE fl. from 1940s– Fields. In addition, Norwich Gallery held Logan’s Painter and teacher who studied at Heatherley’s Alternative Miss World Filmshow 1972 to 2002. School of Fine Art under Iain Macnab, 1946–50, In 1991 the Andrew Logan Museum of Sculpture and at Académie Julian and L’Académie de la opened at Berriew, Powys. In 1993 the National Grande Chaumière, both in Paris, gaining a history Portrait Gallery bought two portraits. Was based of art certificate from the Courtauld Institute. She at The Glasshouse, Melier Place, where he also went on to teach at Moor Park College, 1968–82, held exhibitions. 97

Gladys LOGAN: see Gladys BARRON

Glasgow School of Art, 1993–5; University of Wales Institute, Cardiff, Goldsmiths’ College and San Francisco Art Institute, MA European Fine Art, Barcelona, 1995–6; and Barcelona again, as a visiting lecturer, 2000. Later public projects included Neanderthal Museum, Düsseldorf, 2000. Took part in a range of group shows, mainly in Germany, later solo exhibitions including Gloucester Cathedral and Goethe Institute, both 2001; Pump House Gallery and firstsite, Colchester (with extensive publication, Alf Löhr Abstraction), both 2002; and Newlyn Art Gallery, Penzance, 2003.

Johanna LOGAN 1972– Painter of portraits, figures and still lifes, often predominantly in white against sombre backgrounds and with a still, concentrated quality. Born in Glasgow, Logan gained a fine art honours degree at the city’s School of Art, 1990– 4, awards including RSA Sir Robin Philipson Memorial Award, 1994. Group shows included Compass Gallery, Glasgow, New Generation Show, 1994; Edinburgh Gallery, Edinburgh, 1995; and Glasgow Art Fair, 1997. Had a solo show at Art Bank, Glasgow, 1996, then Offer Waterman & Co Fine Art, from 1998. Murray Johnstone, Glasgow, holds Logan’s work. Renos LOIZOU 1948– Painter, notable for his highly structured and colourful landscapes, born at Peter LOGAN 1943– Sculptor and teacher, born in Paleometochon, near Nicosia, Cyprus, the family Oxfordshire. He studied at Camberwell School of moving to London in 1955, later to Cambridge. Arts and Crafts and Slade School of Fine Art and Loizou studied at Cambridge School of Art from taught at Wimbledon School of Art, Reading 1963. Took part in many mixed shows, including University and Goldsmiths’ College. Logan’s ICA, 1974; RA from 1980; Chicago International sculptures were shown at Milton Keynes, Art Exposition, 1987; and Richmond Gallery, Buckinghamshire, in 1986 at the Energy World 1992. After a solo show at Fitzwilliam College, exhibition, then Guardian Royal Exchange Cambridge, 1969, Loizou’s others included series commissioned his Javelin I, which was erected in at Christopher Hull Gallery from 1982. Kettle’s 1988 at Wolverton Mill. Arts Council holds his O Yard, in Cambridge, holds his work. for a Ballerina, of 1979, in aluminium with electric motors and computer control. Lived and worked John LOKER 1938– Painter, photographer, in London. printmaker and designer, born in Leeds. He studied design at Bradford College of Art and Design, Alf LÖHR 1957– Artist, lecturer and writer whose 1954–8, then painting at Royal College of Art, output included public art, environmental sculpture 1960–3, gaining an Abbey Minor Travelling and a range of publications. He was born in Scholarship in the latter year. After holding a solo Bochum, West Germany, gained his master’s studio show in 1969 Loker had a one-man at Angela degree in fine art at Kunstakademie Düsseldorf, Flowers Gallery and ICA the following year. The 1977–83, and his doctorate at the Royal College 1970s saw him showing at John Moores Exhibition of Art, 1985–8, with a dissertation on in Liverpool on several occasions, another key environmental sculpture in urban landscapes. appearance being in New British Prints in New Löhr’s awards included a British Council York and touring in 1974, yet another Arts Council Fellowship, 1986; a DAAD German Academic Collection 1975–6 at Hayward Gallery in 1976. Exchange Service award, 1987; Feodor Lynen After that Loker exhibited abroad in France, Research Fellowship and Alexander von Humboldt Netherlands and Norway. He continued to show Stiftung, Bonn, 1989–91; Kaiserringstipendium, with Angela Flowers and in 1981 his Ten Years’ Museum für Moderne Kunst, Goslar, 1992; and Work Exhibition was at Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol senior fellowship, University of Wales Institute, and tour. Flowers East showed Loker’s monoprints Cardiff, 1996. Lectured widely in Britain and in 2001. Loker’s work was both abstract and abroad, among later positions being full-time, abstract with environmental references. 98

Commissions included Watmough (Holdings), Bradford, 1983; Essex General Hospital, 1984; and painting for Stanhope Developments at Norman Foster’s ITN building, Gray’s Inn Road, 1992. Arts Council, British Council, Contemporary Art Society, provincial public galleries and corporate collections hold examples. Lived in London.

with Henri Van de Velde and ran the Litz design studios in Berlin in the 1920s and 1930s. In 1933, being Jewish in Nazi Germany, he decided to move to England, his family following. Lived in Aston Rowant, Oxfordshire. Worked as a commercial artist for London stores, such as Simpson and Swears and Wells. He was interned early in World War II, in 1941 publishing his experiences of this as Never Mind Mr Lom (he signed some work LOM, a name used by his friends). Showed at Ryman’s in Oxford, 1934; had a memorial show at Ben Uri in 1954; and was given a solo show at John Denham Gallery in 1986. Lomnitz latterly suffered from Parkinson’s Disease and his work became looser and more mystical. At times his pictures showed the influence of Paul Klee, the Expressionists and other Post-Impressionists. British Museum, Ben Uri and Museum of Modern Art in New York hold examples. Lomnitz lived finally in London.

LOM: see Alfred LOMNITZ

Painter, sculptor, designer, illustrator and teacher, born in Poland, also known by her married name of Azdia Josephine Lomnicka. She was educated in Poznan´, studying art partly in Kassel and in England at Liverpool School of Art in 1946. She went on to teach Josephine LOM fl. from c.1945–

at Digby Stuart College of Education in southwest London and wrote the book Step-by-Step Collage. Took part in group shows at Commonwealth Institute and in the provinces. Lived in London.

Painter, born in Norton, near Malton, Yorkshire. Brought up in the Liverpool area she was educated at Huyton College. Studied at Liverpool College of Art, then Royal Academy Schools. Belonged to Sandon Studios Society Club. Showed at RA, AEB tours and NEAC. Lived in Lymington, Hampshire.

Figure and landscape painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in Birmingham, who attended the College of Art there, then spent two years as an illustrator in Vancouver and Toronto, Canada. Returning to England, Long pursued advanced studies at Manchester College of Art. He built up a successful career as an illustrator, working on numerous national and Tom LOMAX 1945– Sculptor and painter, born in international accounts in publishing and Warrington, Lancashire, who studied at Central advertising, clients ranging from International School of Art and Design, 1971–4, then did Publishing Corporation, Oxford University Press, postgraduate painting at Slade School of Fine Art, the BBC and British Gas to London Transport, 1974. Commissions included a fountain for Esso, Rolls-Royce, Walt Disney and Warner Birmingham Centenary Square and work for Urban Brothers. He was an artist-member of the Society Learning Foundation. Later shows included of Illustrators in New York and taught life drawing Kettle’s Yard in Cambridge, Camden Arts Centre at Falmouth College of Art. In 2002, a series of and Pomeroy Purdy, 1987, Tokyo International Art Long’s charcoal drawings of the female nude was Fair, 1992, and Artist of the Day at Angela Flowers included in the Valentine’s Collection at The Great Gallery, 1994, chosen by Eileen Cooper. Atlantic Map Works, St Just. It was one of many provincial and London galleries where he had solo Azdia Josephine LOMNICKA: see Josephine Lom and mixed shows. Lived in St Ives, Cornwall. Alfred LOMNITZ 1892–1953 Painter, printmaker, draughtsman and writer, born in Eschwege, John LONG 1964– Painter and draughtsman, born Germany, whose early years are vague. He in Portadown, Northern Ireland, who did a graduated from the Weimar Art School, studied foundation course at Ulster Polytechnic, Belfast, 1983–4, then graduated in painting from the Slade Jean LOMAS 1926–

Gary LONG 1945–

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School of Fine Art, 1984–8; the measured style of that school and such artists as William Coldstream and Euan Uglow was present in Long’s work. Awards included Elizabeth Greenshields, Canada, 1989; Taylor De Vere, Dublin, and Arts Council of Northern Ireland, both 1993; and Arts Council again in 1994. Long was artist-in-residence at Byam Shaw School of Art, 1990–1. Group shows included Spring Contemporary, Albany Gallery, 1990; RHA from 1992 (he was elected an associate, 1995); and 20th Century British Art Fair, Royal College of Art, 1996. Solo shows included Theo Waddington Fine Art, 1998. Haverty Trust Collection holds the work of Long, who lived in Dublin, Ireland. Painter, sculptor and teacher, born in Liverpool. Studied at Manchester School of Art, his teachers including Ian Grant. Showed RA, ROI, RBA, NEAC and in the provinces. Lived in Darton, Yorkshire. John Kenneth LONG 1924–

Born in Bristol, a painter in oils and acrylic of seascapes and landscapes, especially of Somerset and the Cotswolds. After studying at the West of England College of Art, he was apprenticed at E S & A Robinson in 1957 as a designer and reproduction artist. Long was three times president of Bristol Savages, including the 2004 centenary year, and he showed at the RWA and other the West Country galleries. An exhibition of his illustrations for the Natural History Museum’s Evolution of Mammals was held at Bristol Museum & Art Gallery in 1996. Michael LONG 1940–

Sculptor and teacher with a special interest in figures in movement. He was born in Chatham, Kent. After attending King’s School in Bruton, Long studied sculpture at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1971–4. From 1978 he was head of the art department at King Edward VI School, Southampton. Long began observing dancers while still at Goldsmiths’, an interest fostered later at Ballet Rambert and the London Contemporary Dance Group. He was a keen sportsman, which reflected another aspect of his output. From 1984 Long held regular summer Mike LONG 1951–

shows at New London Theatre and in 1989 had a solo exhibition at Century Gallery. The Morris Singer Foundry cast his work.

Sculptor, born in Bristol, where he continued to live. He studied at the local School of Art, 1962–6, then at St Martin’s School of Art, 1966–8. Long was not a conventional sculptor making gallery objects but adopted landscape as his material. He went on a series of walks, including Ireland, the Himalayas and the Rio Grande, and recovered his impressions of them and identification with an area in photographs, maps and words. His Gobi Desert Circle was a photograph of a circle of stones made in Mongolia in 1966. He sometimes brought material from a walk into the gallery, as in his Delabole Bristol Slate Circle, 1997, commissioned by Bristol City Art Gallery. Other works included River Avon Mud Drawing, of which the artist said, “It was made by mud and water and gravity. Part of the intellectual excitement is that it is a drawing but not actually made by my hand.” Long had a one-man show at Whitechapel Art Gallery in 1971, the year he appeared in Guggenheim International Exhibition at Guggenheim Museum, New York, and the following year had a show at Museum of Modern Art there. Later shows included his representing Britain at Venice Biennale in 1976 and a series at Anthony d’Offay Gallery from 1979. Also notable were Tate Gallery, 1990; Hayward Gallery, 1991; Guggenheim, Bilbao, Spain, 2000; and Tate Gallery St Ives, 2002, the year after Long was elected RA. Haunch of Venison showed a wide range of Long’s work in 2003. Considered by many to be the outstanding British artist of his generation, Long’s work is not easily interpreted. He was Turner Prize winner in 1989. Tate Gallery, Arts Council and Bristol City Art Gallery hold his work.

Richard LONG 1945–

Painter who graduated from King Edward VII School of Fine Art, Newcastle upon Tyne, and St Martin’s School of Art. While there, in 1957, he had two paintings chosen for inclusion in Jack Beddington’s book Young Artists of Promise. His self-portrait is illustrated in Philip Vann’s Face to Face, published by Sansom &

Ronald LONG 1933–

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Company Ltd/Piano Nobile Fine Paintings in 2004. whose elegant abstract works in metal, sometimes coloured and occasionally in the form of a mobile, Sheila LONG 1925– Painter, designer and teacher, reflected their maker’s ironic humour. Although born in Leeds, Yorkshire, where she attended the he had no formal art training and had a fairly short College of Art. Held a number of art teaching posts career, Long established an international in Leeds and Hertfordshire, before becoming a reputation. Initially brought up in an orphanage, full-time artist in the early 1960s. Lived for a time aged 11 he joined his Lithuanian grandparents. in Feltwell, Norfolk. Despite his duties in their bakery, Long developed a passion for literature, language and culture and Sue LONG 1943– Versatile printmaker, painter in oil and watercolour, whose work explored the learned German. Prevented from joining the Air landscape and coast of her home area. Gained a Force Academy and flying because of short sight, National Diploma in Design, specialising in he entered the Army, serving in Germany as a painting, 1960–4, then studied for an art teacher’s language instructor. Studied philosophy at Boston certificate at University of Leeds, 1965. After University, 1963–6, between 1967–9 completing becoming interested in printmaking in 1980 and his doctorate in German literature at New York joining the print workshop at The Minories, University. After extensive travels through Colchester, and at Gainsborough’s House, Sudbury, Yugoslavia, Turkey and Afghanistan to India, he Long studied printmaking at Chelsea School of settled in Paris in 1972, studied philosophy and Art. She was variously a member of the literature at the University of Paris, 1973–4, began Printmakers’ Council and SWE and a founder- to sculpt and learned from sculptors such as the member of 12 PM, a dozen printmakers based in Cuban Augustin Cárdenas and Swiss Jean East Anglia. Exhibitions included This Flat Earth Tinguely. Friendship with the philosopher Jeanand Colchester Art Society, both at firstsite, François Leotard led to Long’s translating his Colchester, in 2000; and Collecting for the Future, works. Long’s sculptures gained quick critical firstsite, 2001. Took part in Making the Connection, acceptance, solo shows at the Galerie Farideh Cadot and Centre Georges Pompidou being firstsite and Wolsey Art Gallery in 2002. followed by regular exhibitions in France and Tim LONG 1956– Artist and researcher, born in abroad. Long gained a number of awards and Bonn, West Germany, who in 1998 won a prize residencies and in 1983 and 1986 was visiting for Work of Imagination at The Discerning Eye, professor at L’École Supérieure d’Art Visuel, in Mall Galleries. In that year he produced a limited- Geneva, Switzerland. He carried out extensive edition laser-printed book, bulbous flusse, while major public, private and corporate commissions being a research fellow in digital fine art media. across Europe. During a return to New York in Produced a number of papers and presentations 1996 Long fell in love with Mary Vogel, a visiting concerning digital media, his work appearing in a assistant professor at the University of Michigan, series of websites, such as Centre for Research in and when she was in England, 1998–9, Long joined Fine Art, 1999, www.uwic.ac.uk/fineart-research. her. In 2000, he was elected an international Group shows included National Print Exhibition, associate of the RBS. Died in Paris. Mall Galleries, 1999; 6, Howard Gardens Gallery, Cardiff, 2000; and Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Charles LONGBOTHAM 1917–1999 Painter in oil and Swansea, 2001. Among Long’s solo exhibitions watercolour, father of the artist Claire Dalby, born were Galerie Barrouyer, Paris, France, 1997, and in Carlton, Nottinghamshire. Longbotham was self-taught. From 1934–45 he was an apprentice, Eagle Gallery, 2002. a ship’s officer in the Merchant Navy then in Naval Tony LONG 1942–2001 Imaginative sculptor and Reserve during the war. From 1946–69 he was a teacher, born in Brockton, Massachusetts, America, model-maker and dioramist, specialising in 101

landscape models, also painting, from 1969 being a full-time painter. Longbotham was a member of RWS from the same year, also being a member of Art Workers’ Guild. His subjects were landscapes, industrial and pastoral, and marine paintings. He had showed watercolours at RSA in 1942 and had his first solo exhibition at Federation of British Artists galleries in 1965, after which he had many more one-man and group showings in London and the provinces. Victoria & Albert Museum, Imperial War Museum, Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge and other public collections hold examples. Lived for many years in Cambridge. Malcolm Richard LONGBOTTOM: SCOTT

see Malcolm

Julian LONGCAKE 1964– Painter, notably in watercolour, who studied at Cumbria College of Art and Design and Falmouth School of Art. In 1988 he was commissioned by the National Trust’s Foundation for Art to paint at Stourhead, then at Claremont, 1989. He showed in The Secret Garden at Colegate Gallery, Cockermouth, and in the same year, 1989, at Oriel Gallery, Welshpool. In the following year Longcake participated in Agnew’s show The Broad Horizon.

director was responsible for applied arts at the British Empire Exhibition, Wembley, in 1924; and was director of art for Britain at the Paris International Exhibition of Decorative Art, 1925. At the Dutch, Italian and Persian exhibitions at the RA in 1929, 1930 and 1931 he was secretarygeneral; in 1935 was secretary to the Board of Trade’s Council for Art and Industry, being its representative for fine arts at the Empire Exhibition in South Africa; and was director of fine art at the 1938 Empire Exhibition at Glasgow. Shortly after the outbreak of war in 1939 Longden was made secretary of the fine art committee of the British Council, organising domestic and foreign shows, and was director of arts for the XIV Olympiad, in London, in 1948. In 1949 Sir Harold Wernher invited Longden to arrange the 15,000 exhibits of the Luton Hoo Collection, and he was its director and curator when he died. He exhibited at the New Gallery, RA and RI and was an Arts Club member.

Watercolour painter, born at Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire. Studied at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art under Harry Watson and George Gaskell. During World War II served as a camouflage officer. Exhibited Fine Art Society and RBA especially, RA, RI and Paris Salon. He took part in the Pilgrim Alfred Appleby LONGDEN fl. from 1901–1954 Director, curator and landscape painter in oil and Trust Recording Britain project and his work was watercolour, born in Sunderland, County Durham, reproduced by Medici Society and Raphael Tuck. son of a solicitor. He attended Durham School and Lived in Bournemouth, Hampshire. the Royal College of Art, where he won medals. Joan Pemberton LONGMAN: see Joanne PEMBERTONLongden was the first appointed curator at LONGMAN Aberdeen Art Gallery, 1907–12, and spent most of his life as a civil servant, painting and sketching Tertia LONGMIRE 1963– Sculptor, site-related in his spare time. His first official appointment was installation artist and teacher, born in Crowthorne, as government representative for fine and applied Berkshire, who gained a first-class sculpture art at the New Zealand International Exhibition, honours degree at Brighton Polytechnic, 1990; her 1906–7, in 1912 joining the exhibitions branch of master’s at Chelsea College of Art and Design, the Board of Trade, taking part in its activities at 1992; and a certificate in gender studies, with home and abroad. During World War I Longden distinction, Birkbeck College, 1999. Teaching achieved the rank of major in the Royal Garrison included Dartington College of Art, Ruskin School Artillery, winning the Distinguished Service Order of Drawing in Oxford, University of Westminster in 1917 and twice being mentioned in dispatches. and University of Brighton. In 1999, Longmire After the war until 1925 he was director of the and Tanya Peixoto were in residence at Acland British Institute of Industrial Art; as assistant Burghley School, exploring language-related Stanislaus Soutten Longley 1894–1966

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themes. Group shows included the interactive performance Raft, at the ICA, 1994; Souvenirs, Museum Books, 1998; and Bankside Browser, Tate Gallery, 1999. Later solo shows included And Not A Sound The Still Invades, Windsor Arts Centre, 1998. Tony Longson 1948– Artist who employed computers,

born in Stockport, Cheshire, who studied at Reading University, 1967–71, then worked in Holland on a Royal Netherlands Government Scholarship, 1971–2. He began to use computers to organise visual ideas in 1973, from 1974–7 doing research using computer facilities at Hatfield Polytechnic, backed by Arts Council funds. Exhibitions included Space, at Abbot Hall Art Gallery, 1976; The Constructive Context, Arts Council tour, 1978; and Non-Standard Constructions, a three-man show at Museum of Modern Art, Oxford/Gardner Centre Gallery, Brighton, in 1980. Research Machines of Oxford made equipment available for Longson’s works there. Arts Council, Reading University and several Dutch collections acquired examples.

Longueville began to paint professionally in 1972. He said that he “learned much from the fine North Country artist Angus Rands”. Longueville was influenced by Boudin, Constable, Wilson, Steer and Seago, was “an admirer of the East Anglian School” and spent many years painting in Norfolk. He was made a member of PS in 1983 and RBSA in 1989, also showing with ROI, RI and elsewhere. Later solo shows included Ringstead Gallery, Ringstead, Hunstanton, 1990; Omell Gallery, Windsor, and at Sarah Samuels, Chester, both 1991; John Noott Galleries, Broadway, 1996; and The City Gallery, 2001. Longueville twice won the Patterson Award at PS, and was included in The Art of Pastel at W H Patterson in 2003. Philippa Van LOON: see Philippa VAN LOON

Brian LOONEY 1944– Theatre designer and teacher,

actor and artist, born and lived in London, who painted from an early age, won a place at the Slade School of Fine Art aged 23, but instead pursued a stage career. In Italy from 1972 he was head of drama at an international school in Rome, designed for Teatro Goldoni and Teatro nella Crypta and played many leading classic roles. In 1976 returned to England, playing in repertory for Byre Theatre, St Andrews; The Duke’s Playhouse, Lancaster; and in a National Theatre tour among many others. Abandoned acting for theatre design, by 1981 becoming resident designer at Battersea Arts Centre, also teaching in prisons and disadvantaged young people. In 1995 Looney began painting fulltime, showing with Heifer Gallery, which gave him a solo show in 1999, and with the Mayfair and Covent Garden Festivals. Although mainly selftaught he latterly studied at Slade summer schools, painting teachers including Tom Norris and Jo Volley, as well as life drawing under Janet Unwin at Kingsway College, where he also learned etching.

Painter, cousin of the Australian painter Sir John Longstaff, Will developed an interest in art while serving in the Boer War in South Africa. During World War I he was an Official War Artist, was commissioned and worked with the Australian Army on camouflage. The war left a mark on his art, one of the results of which was his much-reproduced picture The Ghosts of Menin Gate, presented to the Australian Federal Government by Lord Woolavington. After the war Longstaff settled in north London, where he died, and showed at the RA Summer Exhibition. As well as mystical and allegorical pictures he produced conventional works such as decorative and delicate oil on canvas Still Life with Flowers, offered by Sotheby’s Olympia in 2004. He is represented in the LOOSE ENDS: see Andrew BRACEY Australian War Memorial, Canberra. William Francis LONGSTAFF 1879–1953

James LONGUEVILLE 1942– Artist in oil, pastel and

watercolour, born near Chester; he settled in the county at Malpas. After a career in journalism

Painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in Cardiff. He studied at Coleg Harlech, 1961–2, Newport College of Art and

Bernard LORD 1940–

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Design in 1963–7, then having won a Tyler Scholarship was at Tyler School of Art, Rome, 1967–8. Won a Temple University Fellowship which took him as a university fellow to Tyler School of Art, Temple University, Philadelphia, in 1968–9. In 1970 Lord began teaching, including periods in Newport, Cardiff and at Luton School of Art. Showed at Philadelphia Artists’ Annual Exhibition in 1969, winning first prize, also with SWG and at Royal National Eisteddfod. Had several one-man shows, including Caerleon Community Centre.

Watercolourist, sometimes working on silk, and colourprint artist. She was elected RI, 1922, and was also a member of the Society of Graver-Printers in Colour. Favoured exotic and Far Eastern figure subjects, treated in delicate and imaginative colours. Her work was published by the London dealer Alexander Reid & Lefevre. Showed at that gallery, RA, RI, RSA, Fine Art Society and Paris Salon, where she gained a silver medal for colour prints. In 1990 Cyril Gerber Fine Art held an exhibition of her work. Lived in Bexley, Kent. Elyse LORD fl. from 1915–1971

Painter in oil and watercolour, full name Henry Bennett Lord, born in Seaham, County Durham. His family fled the Depression, so he was educated in America and Canada, returning in time to serve in World War II. Became a civil servant, studying painting in his spare time. He also wrote on art and was a codirector of the Univision Gallery, in Newcastle upon Tyne, where he lived. It showed modern international painters, such as Joan Miró and Sam Francis, and Lord had a solo exhibition there. Also exhibited at RI, ROI, RBA, Redfern Gallery, Newcastle Society of Artists and the local West End Art Club, of which he was secretary. Lord was increasingly an abstract artist, an exponent of Tachism. Harry LORD 1915–1966

Painter and teacher, born in Birstall, Yorkshire. In 1943 she won a latedeveloper’s scholarship to Batley Grammar School. From 1948–50 attended Dewsbury and Mary LORD 1931–

Batley College of Art, where Robert Lee was an influential teacher, then going to Leeds College of Art, 1950–3, under Richard Macdonald and Tommy Watt. Worked in Batley Library, 1953–5, and as a museum assistant at Bankfield Museum, Halifax, continuing to paint in her spare time, 1955–60. For about the next 30 years Mary Lord taught at venues such as Swarthmore Adult Education Centre, Leeds College of Art and Leeds College of Technology, ceasing in 1991 so as to concentrate on her own painting. Her first important show was at Batley Art Gallery in 1957. Also showed widely in mixed shows such as West Riding Artists, Northern Young Artists, Goosewell Gallery in Menston and in Four Women Artists, at Wakefield City Art Gallery, in 1961. In 1985 had solo show of importance at Bankfield Museum; in 1991 was included in Images of the Yorkshire Landscape, organised by Sheeran Lock, which toured to Leeds, Bradford and York; and in 1992 had first exhibition in London at Leighton House. The Yorkshire Post art critic W T Oliver said of Lord that “there is no more sensitive painter of the Northern landscape.” Her work is held by Leeds City Art Gallery, Bradford Art Galleries and Museums, Ferens Art Gallery in Hull and other public collections. Lived in Leeds. Painter whose inspiration was “based on landscape and the many abstract forms found within it,” especially “the surrounding areas of my home county, Dorset”. After achieving a distinction, National Diploma in General Art & Design, at Bournemouth and Poole College of Art & Design, 1994–6, Lord graduated with first-class honours in textile design from Central St Martins, 1996–9, gaining her master’s in printed textiles from the Royal College of Art, 1999–01. Won a series of awards and had work reproduced in magazines including International Textiles and Textile View. Group exhibitions included New Designers, Business Design Centre, and Bloomsbury Today II, Bupa House, both 1999; Takeaway, Charleston Gallery, Firle, 2001; and Studio Warwick Showroom, 2002. Also in 2002, had solo exhibitions at Bettles Gallery, Ringwood,

Nicola LORD 1978–

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and Curwen Gallery, sharing one with Helyne in 1966. A dealer with an encyclopaedic knowledge Jennings at New Academy Gallery in 2004. and droll sense of humour, Lorie attended every Grosvenor House Fair from 1935 until the end of Sarah LORD 1964– Painter, born in Folkestone, the century. Kent, who studied at Canterbury College of Art and Cheltenham School of Art. Group shows Hew LORIMER 1907–1993 Sculptor and included Young Painters South-East, from 1987; administrator, born in Edinburgh, son of Sir Robert RA Summer Exhibition, from 1990; Interiors, Lorimer, the architect. Although he began to study Towner Art Gallery, Eastbourne, 1993; and Royal at Oxford University in 1928, Lorimer moved to Over-Seas League Open, 1994. Had a solo show, Edinburgh College of Art to study architecture and In Haven, University of Kent, Canterbury, 1989, sculpture under Alexander Carrick, who was keen later ones including Stormont Studio, Rye, 1993. on direct stone-carving. An Andrew Grant South East Arts and Kent County Council Arts & Travelling Scholarship took Lorimer to France and Libraries hold examples. Italy in the early 1930s, then a Fellowship enabled him to work with Eric Gill. Gill’s influence and Amanda LORENS 1969– Sculptor, born in Gibraltar, that of Romanesque French church carving who attended Cornwall College, 1985–7, then profoundly affected Lorimer’s output, as did Gill’s Winchester School of Art, 1987–90, gaining an belief that the artist collaborated with God in the honours degree. As well as sculpture, she creative effort. During World War II Lorimer specialised in ceramics and printmaking. She was helped the British Council put on fine exhibitions joint first prize winner at Southampton City Art at the National Gallery of Scotland. After the war Gallery’s Not Just Another Statue Competition. with Maxwell Allen he worked on major Mixed shows included Tower Arts Centre, monumental sculptures which included figures on Winchester, 1989; Women Artists from the South- the front of the National Library of Scotland. An West, Spacex Gallery, Exeter, 1991; Newlyn Site- important show of his work was held at Talbot Rice Specifics, Newlyn, 1993; and The Edge of Beyond, Art Centre, 1988. Lived finally at Pittenweem, Belgrave Gallery, 1995, where she showed brightly Fife. coloured abstract sculptures. Solo shows included Wolf at the Door, Penzance, 1993, and Rainyday Albert LOUDEN 1943– Painter and draughtsman, Gallery, Penzance, 1994. Was based in Cornwall. notably in pastel, born in Blackpool into a workingclass family during evacuation from London’s East Stafford LORIE 1918–2000 Antiques dealer, restorer End, to which it returned in 1945. Although he and artist, born in Birmingham, who was educated toyed over the years with higher mathematics and at St Paul’s and the Slade School of Fine Art. There left-wing politics, from about 1962 Louden decided he studied with A H Gerrard and was one of the to concentrate on art while working as a lorry students Gerry took to Dorset to give them first- driver. To give more time to painting, from 1979– hand experience of working in a quarry. Lorie 84 Louden worked part-time, from 1985 painting remained a keen sculptor, artist and silversmith full-time. Louden was discovered in 1979 by Victor while devoting his life to the antiques trade, like Musgrave, co-organiser of the Outsiders show at his father, who set up Lories Ltd in Wigmore Street Hayward Gallery. In 1985 he had a sell-out in 1926. Stafford opened his first shop with Cyril exhibition at Serpentine Gallery, in 1986 having a Staal in Kensington Church Street, short-lived solo show in New York at Rosa Esman Gallery. because of World War II, which saw Lorie Later shows included Boundary Gallery, 1990, and commissioned in the Royal Artillery. After Whitford Fine Art, 2001. Louden’s pictures demobilisation and return to the family business comprised heavily distorted figures in urban he traded in Paris, sending English porcelain back settings and situations observed with wit and using to London, to which he returned to help his father a unique palette. The Tate Gallery, Arts Council 105

and Collection L’Art Brut, Lausanne, hold his in India, staying with it through a period in work. America, but returned disillusioned in 1983, moving to Norfolk, where she settled in Binham, Stanley LOUNDS 1906–1980 Painter and artist in married to the writer Jonathan Gathorne-Hardy. black-and-white and sepia. He was the son of As well as showing at CCA Galleries from 1988 Arthur Lounds, coachbuilder, and was born in and Michael Parkin, 1989, in mixed shows, from Grantham, Lincolnshire. As well as still life, 1989 exhibited solo with Stephen Bartley Gallery, portrait and landscape work he was noted for his from 1993 showing one-man at Sally Hunter Fine architectural pictures, done in Britain and abroad. Art. Loutit was an artist keen on depicting people, Signed work S L. Lounds trained for the Anglican with a real feeling for paint. Other later solo shows priesthood at the former St Paul’s College, Burgh, included Browse & Darby, 1998, and Winchester being ordained in Lincoln in 1929. As well as Cathedral, 2000. serving for various periods in Lincolnshire and briefly as a Royal Air Force chaplain Lounds was Roelof LOUW 1935– Sculptor, painter, installations for a time in South Africa. Soon after World War artist and teacher, born in Cape Town, South Africa. II he joined the Community of the Resurrection in He studied at the university there, emigrated to Mirfield, Yorkshire, where he was known as England in 1961 and adopted British citizenship, Samuel. Most of his time was then spent there. He 1967. Worked in an architectural office in London continued to paint, but suffered from constant ill- and studied under Anthony Caro at St Martin’s health. Exhibited with Huddersfield and Cardiff School of Art, 1961–5. He taught at St Martin’s, Art Societies and illustrated religious publications. Maidstone School of Art and Royal College of Art between 1967–71; settled in New York, 1973; was Anthony LOUSADA 1907–1994 Painter in oil and a visiting lecturer, Victoria University, British watercolour and draughtsman, educated at Columbia, 1976–7, and visiting artist, Rhode Island Westminster and New College, Oxford, who was School of Design, Providence, 1977–8. Louw a partner in Stephenson Harwood, solicitors, 1935– showed at Young Contemporaries from 1964; 1973. Lousada was a member of the council of the Kasmin Gallery, 1967; Stockwell Depot Show and Royal College of Art, 1952–79, chairman, 1972– Survey ’68: Abstract Sculpture, at Camden Arts 9; a trustee of the Tate Gallery, 1962–9, chairman, Centre, both 1968; also abroad. In a project at Art 1967–9; and was knighted in 1975. Exhibited with Laboratory in 1967 Louw made a pyramid of 5,800 the Law Society, winning first prize in 1967, with oranges and a cone of 9½ tons of black granite the Contemporary Art Society in the 1980s, had chippings. The oranges were reduced over two two solo exhibitions at the Covent Garden Gallery, weeks as the public removed parts of the exhibit. 1977 and 1979, and held a yearly open studio in Solo shows also included Museum of Modern Art, Chiswick, 1980–91. His drawings and Oxford, 1969; and Nigel Greenwood and watercolours of the World War II Blitz are in the Whitechapel Art Galleries, 1971. In 1981 he Museum of London, Victoria & Albert Museum received a prize in the sculpture competition and Imperial War Museum. Waterfront Project, Jane Street Pier, New York. Louw established a firm concerned with art in Nicky LOUTIT 1943– Painter, born in London, her mother being the artist Janetta Parladé. From 1961– public places. His own work continued, examples 4 studied at Chelsea School of Art under Lawrence held by Tate Gallery and Victoria & Albert Gowing, then until 1967 at Slade School of Fine Museum.

Art under William Coldstream. Travelled extensively, returning to England in 1970 where she had a show at Bramante Gallery. In 1977 she and her husband left to join a religious community

Painter in oil and watercolour, born at Hinton St George, Somerset. Attended West of England College of Art, 1946–52, exhibited RWA, AIA and locally in Somerset. The RWA holds Hazel LOVE 1923–

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her work. Lived at Bexhill-on-Sea, Sussex, and at Sutton Scotney, Hampshire.

Self-taught landscape artist in mixed media, born in Bargoed, Glamorgan. Studied optometry at the University of Wales, Cardiff, and practised as an optician before concentrating on painting from 1990. His subjects were often painted many times, as he was “not interested in representing facts as such, although what is created must satisfy me as being true to life though not naturalistically accurate.” Took part in many group shows, winning 1st Prize, Laing Art Competition, 1992 and 1996; prize winner, Hertfordshire Open, 1993; prize winner Artists in Essex Open, 1994 and 1996, 2nd Prize, 1998; prize winner, Braintree Open, 1995; other shows including the National Eisteddfod of Wales, Neath, 1994, MAFA and The Discerning Eye, both 1997, and RSW, 1998. There were solo exhibitions at the West Wales Arts Centre, Fishguard, 2001 and 2003, and Cambridge Contemporary Art, Cambridge, 2002. HRH The Prince of Wales, Beecroft Art Gallery at Westcliff-on-Sea and Epping Forest District Museum, Waltham Abbey, hold examples. Lived in Harlow, Essex. Ross LOVEDAY 1946–

Painter of murals, born in Lewes, Sussex, married to the artist Tod Ramos. Kate Lovegrove studied at Heatherley’s School of Art, 1980, under John Wharton and Daphne Todd, then at Wimbledon School of Art, 1981–3. From 1983 she ran a mural painting studio in southwest London, Catherine Lovegrove Murals. Work themes were “trompe l’oeil, architectural murals and figurative murals depicting the 1920s, 1930s and 1950s. Influences are Tamara de Lempicka, Edward Burra, Diego Rivera, Tiepolo, Baroque and Rococo painting and architecture.” Lovegrove was a life member of Chelsea Arts Club and a freeman of the City of London. In addition to several group and mixed shows, she had solo exhibitions at IDI, 1989, and Decorex International, 1998. Many Catherine Lovegrove Murals were completed for restaurants and hotels worldwide, including a figurative mural of Paddington Station in the 1920s at the Hilton Catherine LOVEGROVE 1961–

Hotel, Paddington. Anglo American, Alberto Vilar, the St Mary’s Art Collection and Prudential Property Services held examples.

Painter, draughtsman and printmaker, born in Hong Kong into a military family. He was himself an Army officer who retired in 1945. Studied at Woolwich Polytechnic’s school of art, 1945–9, then at Royal College of Art, 1949– 52. Exhibited at RA, RE, Walker’s Galleries and in the area of Winchester, Hampshire, where he settled, having lived a bachelor life in a succession of digs in south London for some years. In 1952 one of Lovegrove’s etched plates was bought by the Print Collectors’ Club, and the Victoria & Albert Museum and Aberdeen Art Gallery hold his work. A man of many interests, Lovegrove was among other things a bank manager, seaman, postal and local historian and director of finance and administration for the Mary Rose Trust. Had a solo exhibition, On The River, at Greenwich Theatre Art Gallery in 1996, partly drawn from the time when he served as mate on a Thames barge. Many of his river studies had been lost when the barge he worked on was cut down by a steamer off Greenhithe in 1953. James LOVEGROVE 1922–

John LOVELESS 1943– Painter and printmaker, born in Bristol. Studied there at Royal West of England College of Art, 1963–5, where his teachers included Robert Hurdle and John Epstein. He showed at Camden Arts Centre, Grabowski Gallery and with the Arts Council at Serpentine Gallery; and in west of England at Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol, and at Dartington Hall, Devon. South Western Arts Association and Arnolfini Gallery Trust hold his work. Lived at Rookham, Somerset.

Creator of abstract sculpture with figurative allusions, printmaker, draughtsman and teacher, born and lived in Bristol area. She studied at West of England College of Art there, 1956–60, with Ernest Pascoe, then at Slade School of Fine Art, 1960–2, under A H Gerrard. Learned techniques in a foundry. Lovell gained an Italian State Scholarship, 1962–3, and a Greek Government Scholarship, 1965–6. Taught

Margaret LOVELL 1939–

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at Portsmouth College of Art, 1963–5. Miss Lovell was “interested in and influenced by natural forms, movement and structures”. She used “colours and all qualities of materials, notably bronze, stone, marble and slate”. She was elected RWA in 1972 and a fellow of RBS in 1973. Lovell’s main works included silver trophies for the John Player sailing championships; a six-foot bronze for Barclays Bank, Embassy House, Bristol; and a 16-foot bronze for Grafham Water reservoir scheme, Huntingdonshire. Took part in many mixed and group shows, including Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol; Mignon Gallery, Bath; Wills Lane Gallery, St Ives, and abroad. Showed solo with Marjorie Parr Gallery from 1965, having a first retrospective at Plymouth City Art Gallery, 1972. Cornerstone Gallery, St Ives, showed Lovell’s work in 2003. Arts Council, Plymouth and Bristol public galleries hold examples.

Eleanor Selwyn LOVETT 1917– Painter and sculptor in terracotta, latterly noted for her horse pictures. She was born in Bromley, Kent, and studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, Epsom School of Art and Royal Academy Schools; her teachers included Hans Tisdall. She was a member of Hesketh Hubbard Art Society, also showing with Leicester Galleries, NEAC, ROI, at Whitechapel Art Gallery and at RA Summer Exhibition. Robert Fleming & Company, the merchant bank, bought her work. Lived in East Croydon, Surrey. Annie Rose LOW: see Annie Rose LAING

Bet LOW 1924– Painter, born in Gourock, Renfrewshire. She studied at Glasgow School of Art, 1942–5; at Patrick Allan-Fraser School of Art, Hospitalfield, Arbroath, with James Cowie; and Jordanhill Teachers Training College. She worked for a time as an art therapist and designed sets for Unity Theatre. In the mid-1950s the shortage of exhibitions space for young painters prompted Low to help start the railings exhibitions at Botanic Gardens in Glasgow. In the early 1960s she was founder and director of New Charing Cross Gallery, Glasgow. Redevelopment closed it in 1968, but it was succeeded by Compass Gallery in 1969. Low

painted abstracts in the 1960s, but later her work was inspired by frequent trips to the Orkneys, in which landscape is simplified towards abstraction to convey the essence of the place. In addition to many mixed shows Low showed solo in 1961 at 57 Gallery, Edinburgh, as well as David Hendriks Gallery in Dublin and Richard Demarco Gallery in Edinburgh, Compass Gallery in Glasgow and Scottish Gallery, Edinburgh. She was a member of RSW and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. Scottish Arts Council and other Scottish galleries hold her work.

Political cartoonist and satirist and writer, born in Dunedin, New Zealand. He grew up in Christchurch and taught himself to draw for the press, inspired by comic papers. By 1903 had published first cartoon strip in The Big Budget and he began to work for Christchurch publication The Spectator, eventually becoming its full-time political cartoonist. Next big steps were his move in 1911 to Australia to work on the Bulletin, Sydney; then eight years later he journeyed to London. There he worked on the Star, 1919–27, Evening Standard, 1927–50; Daily Herald, 1950–3, and Manchester Guardian, 1953– 63. Low met and befriended the famous in many fields: Arnold Bennett, H G Wells, Lord Beaverbrook, David Lloyd George and Winston Churchill. His wit could be barbed, his drawings powerful, and he invented unique images such as Colonel Blimp and the Trades Union Congress carthorse. Low’s work was syndicated throughout the world and he published books such as British Cartoonists, Caricaturists and Comic Artists and in 1956 his entertaining Low’s Autobiography. Knighted in 1962. Tate Gallery holds his work. Died in London. Low! The Twentieth Century’s Greatest Cartoonist, was held at Westminster Hall in 2002 and Stalin’s Russia through the Eyes of Sir David Low at the London Jewish Cultural Centre in 2003. David LOW 1891–1963

Artist in oil, pastel, lithography and etching. Born in London, she was educated at Francis Holland School and Cheltenham Ladies’ College, where her art mistress Diana LOW 1911–1975

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was Charlotte Epton, who married Edward Bawden. Spent a short time at the Slade under Randolph Schwabe after study at Académie Ranson, in Paris, but her greatest influence was William Nicholson, who painted excellent portraits of her and her brother, Oliver Low. Exhibited RA, NEAC, RP, SSWA, Leicester Galleries and in Paris. Married Richard Tuely and lived at Stone-inOxney, near Tenterden, Kent. The artists Jane and Mary Tuely were related to her. Work owned by Stoke-on-Trent City Museum and Art Gallery. Painter, carver, designer and teacher, born in London, who studied at City and Guilds of London Art School, 1941–2, then with Adrian Ryan at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1946–50, during which time he taught for London County Council. Showed at RA, Leicester Galleries, Redfern Gallery, AIA, RBA and elsewhere. Lived for many years at West Stourmouth, Kent. Jack LOW 1903–

Stewart LOWDON 1932– Painter, born in Edinburgh, who in 1944 began painting out of doors; by 1948 was showing with SSA. After attending Edinburgh College of Art, 1950–4, in 1955 added a teaching diploma to his diploma in drawing and painting. After National Service in Army Educational Corps embarked on a dozen years in advertising and photography, but continued to paint and exhibit. In 1975 decided to leave for Cornwall and paint full-time. Between 1979–83 made a series of painting trips to Greece as a consequence of which, through Greek Embassy, he took part in Lykion Ton Ellinidon, Kensington, 1983. Other working trips were made to Portugal and Provence. Showed widely, especially in west of England. Later appearances included Eye Gallery, Bristol, 1988; Westside Gallery, 1989; Stable Gallery and Heifer Gallery, 1991. Adam LOWE 1959– Painter and printmaker, born in

Oxford. He studied at Ruskin School of Drawing, 1978–81, then Royal College of Art, 1982–5. Among his group appearances were Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge, 1985; Smiths Galleries, 1986; and John Moores Exhibition, Liverpool, 1991–2, where he

was a prize winner with a large abstract painting in homage to Robert Motherwell, called The Homely Protestant. Lowe had solo shows at Pomeroy Purdy Gallery, 1989–91. He was included in Seven Print Projects from The Paragon Press, Gimpel Fils, 2000.

Sculptor and draughtsman, born in Lancashire. He produced abstract drawings in acrylic and graphite of great strength and presence, as in Isis Gallery’s 1993 exhibition Drawing Towards Sculpture, in Leigh-on-Sea. Attended Leicester College of Art, 1970–1, then St Martin’s School of Art, 1971–5. Gained a Sainsbury Award in 1975, a Greater London Arts Association award and an Arts Council Award in 1976; he was artistin-residence at Mermer Stone Quarry, Yugoslavia, 1977, and in 1987 at Prahran College, Melbourne, Australia. Exhibitions included Leicester Galleries, 1974; Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle upon Tyne, 1977; and a series at Nicola Jacobs Gallery from 1981. Lowe’s 1977 abstract, floor-based work Malpura 3, made from a variety of materials and loosely based on an Indian miniature which he owned, was included in the exhibition 1979 at Bloomberg SPACE in 2005. Arts Council holds his work. Lowe lived and worked in London.

Jeff LOWE 1952–

Jim LOWE 1943– Artist

and teacher, born in Bath, Somerset, noted for “bold, bright and geometrically taut” work. He studied painting at Kingston School of Art and the Royal Academy Schools, teachers including John Newton, Bryan Kneale and William Scott. In 1967 Lowe won the Peter Stuyvesant and Arts Council Prizes and Boise and Leverhulme Scholarships. Between 1975–8 he designed sets of book covers for the Fontana Modern Masters Series. Lowe taught art at Highgate School, 1969– 72, and woodwork at Chilton Cantelo House School, 1986–7. After living in Somerset, 1976– 87, Lowe moved to Wales until 2000 when he settled in Bath and was a member of the Bath Area Network of Artists. Mixed exhibitions included LG, 1965; Young Contemporaries, at Tate Gallery, and Arts Council Touring Exhibition, both 1967; Redfern Gallery Summer Exhibitions, 1967–70; Seven Redfern Artists, 1971; and Ceri Richards

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Gallery, Swansea, 1991. Had solo shows at Redfern, 1969; Festival Gallery, Bath, 1980; and Theatr Mwldan, Cardigan, 1995. Leicester Education Authority and many private collections in Britain and America hold examples.

Maker of constructions and reliefs, and teacher, born in London where he continued to live. Lowe studied with Kenneth and Mary Martin at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1954–60. In 1962 Lowe and Colin Jones showed their first reliefs in the Geometric Environment show at AIA Gallery, the following year taking part in Construction England, a touring show put on by Arts Council, which holds several examples of Lowe’s abstract work. Lowe progressively exhibited in Britain and abroad, being associated with the Systems Group, which came together in 1969 and put on the Systemi show at Amos Anderson Museum, Helsinki, Finland. In 1977 he was included in Dilworth, Hughes, Lowe and Steele at Annely Juda Fine Art. Peter LOWE 1938–

Rachel LOWE 1968– Artist using modern media such

as film and video, who studied at Newcastle College of Arts and Technologies, 1985–6; graduated with honours in fine art, sculpture, from Camberwell College of Art, 1987–90; obtaining her master’s in fine art (alternative media), Chelsea College of Art, 1992–3. Gained London Arts Board and Olay Vision Awards and was in 1997–8 Wingate Artist in Residence at Southampton City Art Gallery. Mixed shows included Vehicle, Paolo Baldacci Gallery, New York, America, 1996; Enough, The Tannery, 1998; Vegas, Lux Gallery, 1999; The British Art Show 5 tour, 2000; and Beck’s Futures, 2002, ICA and tour, 2002–3. Secret Victorians, Fabric Museum and Workshop, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2001. Among her solo exhibitions were 18-5-59 at The Showroom, 2001. The British Council; Ferens Art Gallery, Hull; and Middlesbrough City Art Gallery held examples. Lived in London.

Richard Macdonald and Keith Lucas, and in London. After serving as an education officer in the Army, taught 1959–71 at Haverfordwest Grammar School, then became Her Majesty’s Inspector, Art, Wales, meanwhile lecturing for many years on history of art, part-time, at University College of Wales, Aberystwyth. Took part in many group shows, including RA, SEA and SWG, AIA and Howard Roberts Gallery, Cardiff. Many one-man shows, starting with Dillwyn Gallery, Swansea, mainly in Wales but also in America. Haverfordwest Civic Society held a commemorative retrospective for Ron Lowe in 1987 and there was an important exhibition at Newport Museum and Art Gallery in 1988. His friend and fellow artist Maurice Sheppard called Lowe “a painter of great physical vigour; he revelled in paint, in its sensuous qualities and in the glow of its colour. His pictures are full of dazzling visual improvisations which are a proof of the intuitive, receptive and spontaneous in his imagination.” Has work in many public collections, including WAC, CASW and University College, Swansea.

Painter, draughtsman and designer, born in Vienna, Austria, where he appears to have had art training, becoming a professional commercial artist in Berlin between the wars. His main employer was the publisher Ullstein Verlag; he drew glamorous women for magazine front covers, with a special interest in underwear, notably suspenders. Following Nazi persecution of Jews he moved to London in the late 1930s, becoming Lucien Löwen. There he painted murals for Kampinski’s restaurant and portraits of the actresses Peggy Ashcroft and Constance Cummings and tennis star Kay Stammers. During World War II served in Pioneer Corps and did graphic design for Foreign Office. After hostilities, he worked for the advertising agency Mather & Crowther; designed book-jackets, such as Carlo Levi’s Christ Stopped at Eboli; produced posters for the travel agent Erna Low; and flower pictures Ronald LOWE 1932–1985 Painter, mural artist, printmaker and teacher, born in Skipton, Yorkshire. which accompanied articles in The Sphere He studied at Leeds College of Art, 1949–55, with magazine. These, in which he attained a high Fritz LÖWEN 1893–1970

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standard of botanical accuracy, were not otherwise exhibited and after his death, from a heart attack at Euston tube station, they found their way to relations in Israel. John Denham Gallery held an exhibition in 1999. Lucien LÖWEN: see Fritz LÖWEN

May LOWEN 1903– Painter and miniaturist, born in

London. She attended Camden Art School and showed at RA, City of London Guildhall, RMS and elsewhere. Was a member of the Hampstead Artists’ Council and lived in London.

Victor LOWER 1887– Commercial artist, born at Hove, Sussex. Studied at the School of Art there, 1900–3, then for four years at Brighton School of Art. He exhibited with Croydon Art Society and published several books on flags, signals and ships, work also appearing in Boy’s Own Paper. Lived at Merstham, Surrey.

Painter who was born in London and took a bachelor’s degree in fine art at Central School of Art and Design, 1979–82. From then he painted continuously, moving to Dorset in 1989. Lowery settled six miles from West Bay, a small harbour which for years became the focus of his tranquil, muted paintings. He liked “the idea of quarrying a restricted subject for the greatest variety it can be made to yield…. The more I worked, the more it became possible to reduce the amount of detail required to approach the feeling that haunted me.” Showed in Devon with Gordon Hepworth Gallery at Newton St Cyres and solo at Art First, 2002. Alex LOWERY 1957–

Thomas Esmond LOWINSKY 1892–1947 Painter, book

illustrator, designer of papers and textiles, and collector, born in India, where his father was financial consultant to the Sultan of Hyderabad. Back in England he lived in luxurious surroundings, an introverted and artistic boy who attended Eton College, read English at Oxford University, then studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1912–14. As a commissioned officer in Army during World War I he saw active service in France. Between the wars, at Garsington Manor and later

at The Old Rectory, Aldbourne, Lowinsky and his wife lived with exquisite taste, entertaining the eminent and cultivated. He was a founder-member of the Double Crown Club, a member of NEAC and showed in various mixed exhibitions. Had only one solo show during his life, at Wildenstein in 1926; after his death Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield, had a small show in 1981, and Tate Gallery, which holds some of his limited output, a larger one in 1990. As well as scenes of fantasy Lowinsky painted a body of superb portraits, singular images which owe much to Renaissance example. Colin Myers’ The Book Decorations of Thomas Lowinsky, Incline Press, 2001, covers this aspect of the artist’s work.

Painter in oil of the industrial north of England, using a bright palette. He was born in Stockport, Cheshire. Left school at 14 and became apprenticed to a decorator. After several years in the Army in World War II Lowndes studied painting in the evenings at Stockport College, then started painting full-time in the late 1940s. He was early on taken up by the Crane Gallery in Manchester, where he had a number of one-man shows, later showing at Crane Kalman, London. Also showed solo at Osborn Gallery in New York; Curlew Gallery, Southport; and had retrospectives at Stockport Art Gallery and tour, 1972, and Crane Kalman, 1995. From the early 1950s Lowndes began to work in St Ives, Cornwall, settling in the area for just over a decade in 1959. He later settled at Dursley, Gloucestershire, but periodically returned to Stockport to work. Alan LOWNDES 1921–1978

Painter, designer, writer and illustrator, born in Cheshire. She studied at Liverpool School of Art, then lived in Paris, working with interior designers. Showed work at Salon des Artistes Français and Salon des Indépendants and had solo show at Galerie Ror Volmar. On return to England worked as graphic designer, examples being selected by Design Centre. Wrote and illustrated over 40 children’s books, published internationally. Showed at Moreton Street Gallery, Hurlingham Gallery, Phoenix Gallery in Lavenham and Highgate, Mina

Rosemary LOWNDES 1937–2001

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Renton Gallery and Charlotte Lampard Gallery. fame and many honours was gaining pace. A major Lived in London. retrospective exhibition at the RA followed his death, in 1976. Lowry’s work is widely held in John LOWRIE 1969– Artist, born in St Andrews, public collections, including the Tate Gallery and Fife, who studied at Waid Academy, Anstruther, Salford, where the Museum and Art Gallery in 1981–7; obtained a Higher National Certificate in 1987 staged a centenary show and where in 2000 technical illustration, Dundee College of Further the collection moved to a new home, The Lowry, Education, 1987–9; then an honours degree in at Salford Quays. In 2003, Crane Kalman Gallery design, 1990–4, from Edinburgh College of Art. held a Lowry exhibition to mark publication of the He held a number of painting and screenprinting book L.S. Lowry: Conversation Pieces – Andras residencies, in Australia, Britain and Ireland. Group Kalman in conversation with Andrew Lambirth. A exhibitions included Gatehouse Gallery, Crail, City’s Pride, at The Lowry in 2004, showed more 1994; SSA at RSA, 1995; Edinburgh Printmakers’ than 350 works by Lowry acquired by Salford City Workshop, from 1996; and Gallery Heinzel, Council over 70 years. Lived at Mottram-inAberdeen, 1998. Lowrie’s work in his shared show Longdendale, Cheshire, where he had moved in at Cadogan Contemporary, 1999, included 1948. landscape work with strong gestural and abstract elements. The Earl & Countess of Crawford and Peter LOWRY 1914– Watercolourist who studied at Balcarres and The Earl & Countess of Cawdor held St Martin’s School of Art, 1933, and at Bolt Court, his work. 1935–7. Showed at RA, NEAC, RBA and elsewhere. Lived in London. Laurence Stephen LOWRY 1887–1976 Painter and draughtsman, mainly of industrial landscapes, with Ruth LOWY 1921–2000 Architect and painter, born figure studies and seascapes. Born in Manchester, as Ruth Curwen into an intellectual family of Lowry became famous as the painter of northern Jewish refugees. Her mother was a pioneer of industrial and backstreet urban scenes populated women’s rights, the first woman to take a firstwith “matchstick” figures, and as a reclusive class degree in mathematics at London University, character. But he was no primitive artist, devoting her father lecturing in the same subject at the many years to the study of art while working full- London School of Economics and teaching at time as a rent collector and clerk. After private Berkhamsted. During World War II Lowy served lessons with William Fitz in Manchester, from as a Wren, after which she studied architecture at 1905–15 Lowry attended painting and drawing Cambridge and at the RIBA. In 1952 she married classes at the Municipal College of Art under Jack Lowy, a pioneer researcher into the molecular Adolphe Valette, whose urban scenes structure of the muscle who, after a number of foreshadowed Lowry’s. From 1915–25 Lowry academic and research appointments and a attended Salford School of Art, a period when he coronary, joined the Open University. After moving established his style and subject matter. In 1919 with her husband to Denmark in 1968, Ruth took exhibited two paintings at MAFA, then in the 1920s a degree in fine arts. They settled in Oxford for 20 began to show regularly in open exhibitions years, during which Ruth painted for long periods including the Paris Salon. An Accident was bought in Provence, France, and took Open University by the City Art Gallery, Manchester, in 1930, the courses better to understand her husband’s work. first publicly acquired Lowry. Two years later he Professor Lowy finally contracted leukaemia and exhibited at the RA for the first time. In 1938 A J a year later with his wife committed suicide. McNeill Reid noticed his work, leading to his first one-man show in London, at Lefevre Gallery, the Ingrid LOXTERKAMP 1977– Figurative artist whose following year. By 1945 Lowry was receiving work juxtaposed highly controlled brushwork with serious critical attention, and his slow climb to impasto, reflecting the paradoxes and contrasts of 112

her subjects. A central concern of her pictures was the child-woman of Western culture, innocent but knowing. Loxterkamp graduated in fine art from the University of Wales Institute in Cardiff. She was included in the Summer Show 2003 at Enid Lawson Gallery.

John Samuel LOXTON 1902–1969 (date variations are common) Fluent painter in oil and watercolour, art critic, born in Adelaide, South Australia, who attended the National Gallery of Victoria School in Melbourne and Swinburne Technical College and was much influenced by the style of Harold Herbert. He won several prizes in the 1940s and was art critic for The Argus newspaper in Melbourne, 1947–8. The well-illustrated book The Art of John S Loxton, which appeared in 1956, helped his reputation and he was appointed president of the Fellowship of Australian Artists, 1961. Loxton made several painting trips to Europe, showing at the RA Summer Exhibition, where he was sought out by Sir William Russell Flint, who introduced him to British artists. The Academy showing led to Loxton’s commission to paint pictures for the ship New Australia; among other such requests was a series for the British Phosphate Commission. Loxton had a solo show at the Qantas Gallery, London, in 1965, the year he painted landscapes in Norfolk, several of which were included in The East Anglian View, a Bonhams & Brooks sale at Lynford Hall, Mundford, in 2001. Late in life Loxton settled in New Zealand, where he favoured the scenery of South Island, which he died painting. Some years after his death the New Zealand dealer Graham Chote acquired the Loxton estate, seeking to promote the artist locally and in his native country. Fisher’s Fine Arts Gallery, Christchurch, New Zealand, organised a Loxton show “from the artist’s own private collection,” in 1995. Australian state and provincial galleries hold examples.

with this, his surname; he is sometimes wrongly listed in reference books under Knight) was taught and greatly influenced by Samuel Clegg, grandfather of the actor Richard and broadcaster/naturalist David Attenborough. Then studied under Joseph Else at Nottingham School of Art, 1924–9. Was elected a member of the Colour Gravure Society, RBA, PS and RI and exhibited with the New Group and extensively elsewhere in Britain and abroad. Solo exhibitions included Brook Street Gallery, Chapel Bar Gallery in Nottingham and Carl Fischer Gallery, New York. Nottingham Castle Museum and public collections in Wanganui, New Zealand, Derby, Hull and Bolton hold examples. Died in Vicarage Nursing Home, Long Eaton. A memorial show at Erewash Museum in 1994 resulted in a large oil being bought for the collection with support from Victoria & Albert Museum.

Clarisse LOXTON PEACOCK 1928–2004 Painter, notable for her still lifes, a native of Budapest, Hungary. She studied at Budapest University, was for four years at Chelsea School of Art, then did a two-year postgraduate course at St Martin’s School of Art followed by two more at Central School of Art. She sold early pictures from Young Contemporaries to Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and to San Francisco Museum of Art. Also showed at RA, RBA, Leicester Galleries, Lefevre Gallery and Paris Salon, where she gained Gold and Silver Medals and an Hon. Mention. Her first husband was Grantley Loxton Peacock; her second husband was Sir Anthony Grover; her third husband Sir James Dunnett, for a time Permanent UnderSecretary of State at the Ministry of Defence. Had many solo exhibitions, including Cadogan Contemporary, 1988, the year the Hungarian government offered her a show at the Budapest Spring Festival. Many private and public collections around the world hold her pictures. Lived in London, her house notable for the display Edward LOXTON KNIGHT 1905–1993 Painter in of her own paintings and her huge collection of watercolour and tempera, printmaker and poster eighteenth-century porcelain birds. designer, born and lived in Long Eaton, Nottinghamshire/Derbyshire. At Long Eaton Katherine LUBAR 1969– Painter whose work Grammar School Loxton Knight (he signed work included hard-edged geometrical abstracts, born 113

in Washington, America, who attended Arts Magnet High School for the Performing and Visual Arts, Dallas, 1987; graduated in music and art from Meadows School of Fine Arts at Southern Methodist University, Dallas, 1993; and obtained a postgraduate diploma in paintings from City and Guilds of London Art School, London, 1999. Among Lubar’s many group shows were Mermaid Conference Centre and The October Showcase at The Candid Gallery, both 1999; Recent Graduates, New Ashgate Gallery, Farnham, 2000; Fresh Art, Business Design Centre, Islington, 2001; and Art for Youth at Mall Galleries and New Constructivists inaugural exhibition, Cotton’s Atrium, Cotton’s Centre, both 2002. Among solo exhibitions were Unchain My Art, Sable Gallery, Edinburgh, 2000, Images of Light, Stables Gallery, 2002, and Broken Space, at Signatures Gallery Ltd, 2005, with another, Positive/Negative at Square One Gallery in that year, plus Atmospheric Perspectives, Broughton Gallery, Scotland, 2006. Commissions included a screen graphic for Vodafone, 2001. Lived in London.

Sculptor, noted for portraits and animals, born in Poznan´, Poland, son of the sculptor Mieczysław Lubelski. He was partly educated in Poland, in Germany and in Scotland, where he worked under the sculptor Benno Elkan, 1940–1, also assisting the art bronze founder Giovanni Fiorini. He was included in a War Artists’ Exhibition at National Gallery, having served in the Polish branch of the Royal Air Force, 1941–5. Studied at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art, 1945–6; at Slade School of Fine Art, 1946–9, under A H Gerrard, the sculptor; then at London University’s Institute of Education, 1950–1. Showed at RA, Fine Art Society, Walker’s Galleries and elsewhere. St Gabriel’s College and notable private collections in Britain and abroad held Lubelski’s work. Lived in London, but died while swimming off Spain. Jan LUBELSKI 1922–1995

Arts, Warsaw, under Dunikowski, and in Berlin at Akademische Hochschule für Bildende Künste and Meisterschule. He gained the silver medal of the Academy of Fine Arts, Berlin, 1914; gold medal at National Exhibition in Poznan´, 1928; and Polish Air Force Medal, 1949. After World War II he spent some years in England, living at Kew Gardens, Surrey. Lubelski specialised in religious statues, but his works also included the Kosciuszko Monument in Ło´dz´, Poland, 1931; Saper Monument in Warsaw, 1933; and the Polish War Memorial, London.

Painter of small, fantastical pictures in which animals and other sometimes oddly sized characters inhabited surreal landscapes. Born in London, Luby studied at Camberwell College of Art, gaining a first-class degree at Edinburgh College of Art, 1998. Exhibited at the Barbican Centre, RIBA and Royal College of Physicians, with a solo show at Highgate Fine Art in 1999.

Victoria LUBY 1973–

Caroline LUCAS fl. c.1930–1967 Painter, sculptor and

printmaker. Studied art in Paris, Rome and London, John Skeaping being one of her teachers. Showed in Paris, paintings at the Lefevre Gallery in 1934

and sculpture at the Leicester Galleries in 1939. With her sister Frances Byng-Stamper, Caroline Lucas had been closely associated with the founding of the CASW in the 1930s. In the 1940s and 1950s they ran Miller’s Gallery and Press in Lewes, Sussex (featured in an exhibition at the Towner Art Gallery, Eastbourne, 1989). At Miller’s these formidable ladies showed Caroline Lucas’ work as well as that of the Bloomsbury artists Duncan Grant and Vanessa Bell, David Jones and the Roberts Colquhoun and MacBryde. Among prints published by the Miller’s Press was a portfolio of six lithographs of Lewes and Brighton, some of Caroline Lucas’ most accomplished work. Cedric Morris painted a singular portrait of the two sisters which he nicknamed “The Upper Classes”. They died within a few months of each other, in retirement at Shelley’s Hotel, Lewes. Denis LUCAS 1918– Painter and teacher, brother of

the artist Keith Stephen Lucas. He studied at Beckenham School of Art and Royal College of Mieczysław LUBELSKI 1886–1965 Sculptor in Art and gained a travelling scholarship in 1949. varied materials, including bronze, sandstone and Taught at Ravensbourne, St Martin’s School of Art marble, born in Warsaw, Poland, father of the and Royal Academy Schools. City of Plymouth sculptor Jan Lubelski. He studied at School of Fine Museums & Art Gallery holds his work and a 114

portrait of Lucas by Stephen Bullard was included in Belgrave Gallery’s exhibition Camberwell Artists of the 40s and 50s, 1988. Lived in Beckenham, Kent.

Keith Stephen LUCAS 1924– Painter, draughtsman, teacher and administrator, born in Beckenham, Kent. He studied at Beckenham School of Art and the Royal College of Art, his teachers including Henry Carr, Carel Weight and Kenneth Rowntree. After teaching at Liverpool and Leeds Colleges of Art, 1951–7, Lucas became involved with design for film and television, 1957–65, returning to Royal College of Art, 1965–72, where he was professor of film and television. From 1972–9, he was director of the British Film Institute, then from 1980–8 was head of the school of film and television for Christ Church College, Canterbury, after this painting full-time. Exhibitions included Sally Hunter Fine Art, Metropole Arts Centre in Folkestone and Neville Gallery, Canterbury. Lucas worked in the traditional English landscape style, having a special concern with light. His brother was the painter Denis Lucas. Lived at Bishopsbourne, Kent. Marjorie Ashworth LUCAS 1911– Artist in copper and

wood engraving and silk drawing (embroidery), and teacher, born in Yorkshire. She studied at Royal College of Art engraving school, teachers including Malcolm Osborne and Robert Austin. Until her marriage Lucas made entomological drawings for the Natural History Museum, did book illustration for Methuen and part-time teaching. After marriage in 1938 she lived in Scotland, first in Galloway, then Edinburgh, her husband being the artist Murray Tod. She showed with him at the Scottish and Hanover Galleries in Edinburgh and at the Dumfries Arts Festival. She was a member of Society of Artist Printmakers from 1935 and of SSA from 1946, also taking part in group shows at RA, RSA, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and elsewhere, including overseas. Had several solo exhibitions at Scottish Gallery, also showing oneman at Torrance Gallery, Edinburgh. City of Liverpool Public Libraries holds bookplates by her.

Pauline LUCAS 1938– Painter in oil and mixed media, printmaker, teacher and writer, born in Redditch, Worcestershire, who originally worked under her maiden name Pauline van Meeteren. Her mother’s family was artistically talented, Lucas’s maternal grandfather, Thomas Donnelly, being a stained glass artist with John Hardman, in Birmingham. In 1960 Lucas graduated in fine art from University of Reading School of Art under Anthony Betts, in 1992 gaining her master’s in art criticism at City University, under John Elson and Eric Moody. She taught part-time at the Open University, colleges and polytechnics and adult courses for Nottingham University. Curated several exhibitions, including the Angel Row, Nottingham, 1993–4 tour for Evelyn Gibbs, whose biography, Evelyn Gibbs Artist and Traveller, 2001, she wrote. Lucas was a founder-member of Nottingham Feminist Arts Group, later known as Visible Women, 1979–88, and of Nottingham Artists’ Group studios, 1982, and was a committee member of the National Artists’ Association, 1990–4. Illustrated books for Shoestring Press. From 1979– 84, produced paintings of businessmen and antiwar pictures, later a series based on Palestinian women in Gaza camps. Mixed shows included Three Visible Women, Piece Hall Gallery, Halifax, 1988, and Five Artists, Laographiko Museum, Aegina, Greece, 2002. Among solo exhibitions was Nottingham Playhouse, 1990. Lived in Beeston, Nottingham.

Sarah LUCAS 1962– Artist, born in London, who studied at London College of Printing, 1983–4, graduating with honours from Goldsmiths’ College, 1984–7. Took part in group exhibitions at The Showroom, 1986; Freeze, at PLA Building, 1988; East Country Yard, Surrey Docks, 1990; Karsten Schubert and Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, both 1992; Young British Artists II, Saatchi Gallery, 1993, which holds her work; and Hayward Gallery tour The British Art Show 5, 2000–1. Solo shows included The Whole Joke, 1992, at 8 Kingly Street, and a career survey at Tate Liverpool, 2005–6. The female body as a subject of popular culture, slang and graffiti were features of Lucas’ art.

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Painter and miniaturist in watercolour, born in Calcutta, India. She was of English and French nationality. Lucas attended Roedean School, then travelled extensively in Europe. Studied at universities in Grenoble, Edinburgh and Munich and at Reimer Schule art school in Berlin, 1935. Lived in Egypt – where she began painting on ivory – and France for long periods. Returned to England in 1954, having a first solo show in that year at Cooling Galleries. Developed a passion for toadstools, discovering new varieties, becoming a noted expert and writing on them. In 1992 published a lavish volume, In Praise of Toadstools, with her own illustration. Lucas was founder-president of the Society of Botanical Artists, president of RMS and a fellow of the Linnean and Royal Horticultural Societies, winning that Society’s Gold Medal over a dozen times and the Grenfell Medal several times. Franklin Mint and Post Office commissioned her work. Showed at RA, RI, Paris Salon and elsewhere. Solo exhibitions included two at Mall Galleries, 1975–9, and Liberty’s, 1977. British Museum and Natural History Museum hold examples. Lived at Mere, Warminster, Wiltshire. Suzanne LUCAS 1915–

Portrait painter and illustrator, son of the artist John Seymour Lucas, with whom he collaborated on historical works. Sydney studied at the Royal Academy Schools and in the studio of the sculptor Sir Alfred Gilbert. Exhibited RA, 1909–51, also at RP, RSA, and settled in Walberswick, Suffolk. Sydney Seymour LUCAS 1888–1954

Stained glass artist who was born in London and studied at Swansea College of Art. In 1982 he formed the Stained Glass Design Partnership with Susan Bradbury which completed windows in public buildings throughout the United Kingdom. He was a fellow of the British Society of Master Glass Painters and was based in Kilmaurs, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire.

Paul LUCKY 1956–

Leila LUDDINGTON fl. c.1930–1965 Watercolourist,

born in Aldershot, Hampshire, of a military family. She studied under Henry Tonks at Slade School of Fine Art and at Académie Julian, in Paris. Showed

at SWA, Arts Council, NEAC, RI, WIAC and elsewhere. Lived near Saffron Walden, Essex. LUGOW: see Lucienne GOW

John LUKE 1906–1975 Painter, born in Belfast, where he finally lived. Luke was fond of working in tempera with a resin-oil varnish; his pictures are often highly coloured with a dramatic and unusual quality. Studied at the School of Art, Belfast, with the mural painter Ivor Beaumont, 1923–7, at the Slade School of Fine Art, 1927–30, under Henry Tonks, and at the Westminster School of Art, 1930– 1, with Walter Bayes. Luke won a number of prizes and scholarships and continued his studies privately in museums and galleries in London and Paris. Exhibited Leger and Redfern Galleries, UA, RHA and in America. Queen’s University, Belfast, and Belfast Museum and Art Gallery hold his work. Arts Council of Northern Ireland retrospective in 1978.

Painter, draughtsman, printmaker and teacher, born in Leeds, Yorkshire. Won a scholarship to Leeds Junior Art School aged 14, another taking her to Leeds College of Art, 1948–53, during which she won a travelling scholarship to France, 1951. Taught unenthusiastically, 1953–64, then – with typical steely determination – decided to paint full-time, buying a van for her trips. She found her own subject in industry, depicting machinery technically meticulously, but tinged with poetry. She believed “the excitement I feel about mills, factories, quarries, machinery, sewers and industrial constructions can enable people to see beauty in the drama of components and power.” Her 1973 Bradford Industrial Museum show Components of Power won much acclaim. Commissions poured in from such bodies as Laing Properties, National Audit Office, Sir Alfred McAlpine & Company and the Science Museum, where a solo show was running when she died. Lumb made three trips to West Africa: in 1969 Joint Church Aid asked her to record the Biafran airlift; in 1976 Catholic Relief Services commissioned her to record drought relief in Upper Volta; and in 1977 she worked in Nigeria Edna LUMB 1931–1992

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High School in Cheltenham, 1949–53, then the art school there, 1953–7, and after National Service in the Middle East was at London University Institute of Education, 1959–60. Teaching included Chester School of Art. Exhibitions included Nottingham and Leeds Playhouses, Pictures for Schools at RA and WAC tour The Probity of Art, 1980. Many public galleries, including Dudley, Doncaster, Hull, Nottingham and Sunderland, hold examples. Lived in Bersham, near Wrexham, Patrick LUMB 1966– Painter and teacher, born in Clwyd. Bournemouth, Hampshire, who studied at Central School of Art & Design; Falmouth School of Art; Ernest LUMSDEN 1883–1948 Printmaker, painter, and Art Institute of Chicago school of art. He was teacher and writer, born in London, he married the a founder-member of Woodend Studio Association artist Mabel Royds. Because of poor health in Manchester, 1987; was head painter and art Lumsden had to abandon an ambition to go to sea, director for Too Cute in Los Angeles, 1989–90; so aged 15 he entered the University College art then taught at Oakham School, Rutland, in 1994 department at Reading, five years later studying being exhibition organiser for the Oakham Festival. briefly at Académie Julian, Paris. Back in London In 1989 Lumb was a prize winner at MAFA Open. he taught himself to etch so well that in 1907 Group exhibitions included Young Contemporaries examples were shown at the Paris Salon; a year at Whitworth Art Gallery in Manchester, 1987; later he had his first solo exhibition at Arcade Mercury Art Gallery, 1989; The New Van Straaten Studio, Reading. A 1908 summons from Frank Gallery, Chicago, 1992; and Leicester City Art Morley Fletcher to teach at Edinburgh College of Gallery and Royal Over-Seas League Open, both Art started his lifelong association with Scotland. 1994. Lumsden began to exhibit widely and to travel in several continents, so that in 1912 he left teaching Alexandra LUMLEY 1958– Painter, notably of and travelled to India, a country which he loved landscape and seascapes, usually in a mix of and which he depicted wonderfully in etching and watercolour and gouache; graphic and theatre aquatint. Lumsden and his wife lived and worked designer; and teacher. She was born in Essex and in India, 1917–19; he had gone there to join the studied at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, Indian Army, but was rejected and got a military 1977–80, becoming a principal lecturer at post censoring telegrams. Returned to Edinburgh, Camberwell College of Arts. Completed a mosaic Lumsden made a good living from etchings until sign for Homerton Hospital commissioned by the the slump, when he set up as a portrait painter, Public Art & Development Trust. Took part in noted for his unwillingness to flatter sitters. In 1925 numerous group shows, including Thackeray he published The Art of Etching, a standard text. Gallery, 1983; Laing Competition, Mall Galleries, Lumsden was elected RE in 1915, in 1929 became 1985; and RWS Open, Bankside Gallery, 1989. president of the Society of Artist Printmakers and Elected RBA and won John Adams Fine Art Award, became RSA in 1933. His work is in the Tate both 1997. Solo shows included Austin/Desmond Gallery, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Fine Art, 1982, and New Grafton Gallery from British Museum, Victoria & Albert Museum and 1986. many foreign holdings. recording Caterpillar Tractor Company’s land development. Her pictures always sold rapidly, and many private and public collections – including Bradford Art Galleries and Museums, Science Museum, Manchester City Art Galleries and National Railway Museum, York – hold her work. Bradford Industrial Museum held a retrospective in 1991, Leeds City Art Gallery a memorial show in 1992–3. Lived in London.

Alan LUMSDEN 1937– Artist, notably a printmaker,

James LUMSDEN 1964– Artist, designer and and teacher, born in Aldershot, Hampshire, as illustrator, born in Inverness, who studied graphic Richard Alan Lumsden. He attended the Technical design at Cardonald, Glasgow, 1983–5; was an 117

illustrator and graphic designer in Glasgow, 1986– 8; from 1989 working in WASPS Studios, Edinburgh. Awards included Hope Scott Trust Award, 1992 and 1994, and Edinburgh District Arts Council Award; and The Scottish International Education Trusts Award, 1996. Group shows included Scottish Drawing Biennial, Paisley Art Gallery, from 1989; 12 Scottish Artists, Payne Gallery, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 1993; and the Gulbenkian Suite, Highland Printmakers, Inverness, 1995. Had a solo exhibition, Dilemma, at Citizens Studios, Edinburgh, 1992, later ones including Seduction, Compass Gallery, Glasgow, 1996. An exploration of the nature of symbols was a key feature of Lumsden’s work, which was in the Highland Regional Council, Inverness Museum & Art Gallery and Gulbenkian Foundation collections.

Painter and teacher, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, who graduated in fine art from Trent Polytechnic, 1987– 91, gaining her master’s in painting, Royal Academy Schools, 1995–8, taking part in the final year show. While at the Schools she was coorganiser of “Red Square” Contemporary Art Forum in 1997. Lumsden held a residency and taught at Rawlins Community College, 1994; taught, Dunstable College, 1995; won the Landseer Award and David Murray Scholarship, both 1998; then the Pollock-Krasner Award, 2000. Group shows included Estate, Osterley House, 1999, and Paint!, Vertigo, 2000. Had solo exhibitions at Rivington Gallery, 1999, and Arc-light, Spitz Gallery, then Bridlesmith Gate Gallery, Nottingham, both 2001, which used lampshades as a starting-point. Crestco Ltd and private collections in Britain and abroad held examples. Lived in London and St Gallen, Switzerland. Rachel LUMSDEN 1968–

Alice M M LUNAN 1883–1981 Artist and teacher who

studied at Glasgow School of Art, 1903–14. In 1912, Lunan began teaching at Hutchesons’ Grammar School, where she stayed until 1946, although this long service was interrupted by periods of nursing. She served with the Voluntary Aid Detachment in World War I, being a Red Cross

commandant in World War II. Lunan joined the Glasgow Society of Lady Artists in 1914 and was its secretary, 1949–55. She showed with the Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and RSA. Died in Glasgow.

Augustus LUNN 1905–1986 A key figure in the revival

of tempera painting in Britain, muralist, draughtsman and teacher, H Augustus Lunn became a student of Kingston School of Art, winning a scholarship to Royal College of Art when William Rothenstein was principal. Won the Edward Abbey Mural Scholarship. Lunn joined the staff at Kingston, but also restored murals – for example, at Marlborough House – and carried out commissions for original murals. As an easel painter his output was small but of high quality. He showed at NEAC, Cooling Galleries, LG, RA and elsewhere, but did not have a solo show until that at Michael Parkin’s Gallery in 1985. Lunn admired the work of Giorgio de Chirico and Fernand Léger, and a strongly Surrealist element is present in much of his output, as well as a tendency towards abstraction. He said: “I am never interested in recording a scene. I want to reconstruct.” Dora Lunn: see Dora HEDGES

Painter and teacher, born in Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia, who graduated in architecture at University of Sydney, 1964–9. After foundation studies in England at Ealing Technical College, 1972–3, he graduated with honours from Hornsey College of Art, 1973– 6, gaining his master’s at Chelsea School of Art, 1977. Showed widely in London and Australia and carried out a number of commissions, including Parliament House and the Chinese Embassy in Canberra.

Graham LUPP 1946–

Lewis Frederick LUPTON 1909–1996 Painter, designer

and illustrator, born and lived in London. He attended Sheffield College of Art, 1923–30, with Anthony Betts and Eric Jones, then at Westminster School of Art with Bernard Meninsky and Mark Gertler. Lupton was employed as an illustrator,

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1933–40; from 1941–50 worked on exhibition design; from 1950–60 being engaged on Christian literature for the Scripture Union and others. From 1960 Lupton’s main interest was the selfpublication of a multi-volume History of the Geneva Bible in his own calligraphy and with his illustrations. Oxford University Press, Odhams Press and the publisher Macmillan all reproduced his work. He showed at RA, LG, Leger and Redfern Galleries. With his artist wife Joan, Lupton held exhibitions at their own gallery and in the provinces. At Lupton House he completed a large painted ceiling. Bradford City Art Gallery holds his work.

Peter LUTHER 1926– Figurative painter, much admired by his peers, such as Conroy Maddox, born in Sussex. He studied at Hammersmith School of Art and the Working Men’s College. Had a series of solo exhibitions at John Whibley Gallery, the fourth being in 1972.

Carver in wood who studied at Cambridge University. Exhibited RA and in the provinces in the north of England. Lived at Altrincham, Cheshire. John M LUXMOORE 1912–

Doris E LUXTON 1908– Painter and teacher, born in Exeter, Devon. She attended Truro Art School under Arthur Jackson and taught there for several years in the late 1920s. Showed widely in the West Country and had a series of one-man shows at Burton Art Gallery in Bideford, Devon, where she lived.

animation techniques working for a commercial film company. After time on Pacific islands, he worked his sea passage to England where he met the artists Eric Kennington and Ben Nicholson and writers Robert Graves and Laura Riding. Lye lived on a barge on the Thames, 1927–30, in 1928 being elected a member of the Seven and Five Society, contributing sculpture, constructions and Batik paintings until 1934. Graves’ and Riding’s Seizin Press published No Trouble, a selection of Lye’s letters, in 1930; he designed book covers for Seizin and Hours Press (Paris), 1930–1. Lye’s first film, Tusalava, had been screened in 1929, and four years later he began experiments with direct techniques of painting and scratching on film, using such implements as a hairpin. Colour Box, his first such production, was released by the G(eneral)P(ost)O(ffice) Film Unit in 1935, one of several Lye films they sponsored. In World War II Lye directed films for the Ministry of Information and similarly for the March of Time documentaries. Emigrated to America in 1944. There until his death he continued work to develop a theory of art, a concern since 1936; in 1951 Lye returned to experimental film-making, using shadowgraph techniques; and in 1958 took up kinetic sculpture. His Tangible Motion Sculpture was presented at the Museum of Modern Art in 1961, the first of many inclusions in major sculpture and kinetic art shows. In 1965 Lye had his first solo exhibition at Howard Wise Gallery, New York. Lye resumed painting in 1977, the year he returned to oversee installation of an exhibition of his work at GovettBrewster Art Gallery, New Plymouth, New Zealand. It holds a repository of Len Lye’s output, as do American public galleries, and The Len Lye Foundation is based in New Plymouth. Camden Arts Centre showed his experimental abstract films in 1999. He died in Warwick, New York.

Painter, architect and printmaker, born in London. After education at Northern Polytechnic he studied at Camden School of Art and Southend-on-Sea School of Art where his teachers included Emerson Groom the etcher and the engraver and watercolourist Charles William Taylor. RWS Club member. Showed Berit LYELL 1938– Architect and artist, whose mainly in London. Lived in Leigh-on-Sea, Essex. output included still life, landscape and nudes in oil and watercolour. Berit Wildhagen Lyell was Len LYE 1901–1980 Film-maker, kinetic sculptor, born in Oslo, Norway, and studied at Arkitekt Stud, painter, genetic theorist and experimental writer, Oslo, and Marlborough School of Art, Chelsea. born in Christchurch, New Zealand. Lye moved She practised professionally as Berit Wildhagen to Sydney, Australia, in 1921, where he acquired Henry LUYKEN 1892–

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Arkitekts and was married to the architect Michael Lyell. Took part in group and mixed shows in Oslo and London, having solo exhibitions in Oslo and in London with W H Patterson and Noel Oddy Fine Art. The Norwegian state oil company Statoil owned her work. She was based in London and Høvik, Norway.

watercolour at the RA Summer Exhibition; and in 1993 a Spectator Art Award prize, exhibited in Edinburgh and London. Lynch was well known for his paintings of farm animals, other themes being interiors and latterly visionary landscapes of the West Country. In 1989 he was commissioned by the National Trust Foundation for Art to paint Bonnie, the Longhorn Cow, on permanent Francis LYMBURNER 1916–1972 Painter and exhibition at Wimpole Hall, Cambridge. Pandora, draughtsman, notable for his delicate drawings of Red Devon Cow at Kingston Lacy, Dorset, was a animals. He was born in Brisbane, Australia, and 1993 National Trust Foundation commission for died in Sydney. Studied at Brisbane Central permanent exhibition at Kingston Lacy. The Folio Technical College under Martyn Roberts, won the Society commissioned illustrations for Kenneth Mosman Prize in 1951 and showed widely in Grahame’s The Wind in the Willows, published Australia. For about a decade from the early 1950s 1995, followed in 1999 by another National Trust Lymburner was based in England, where he Foundation commission to illustrate Winston exhibited with the Australian Artists’ Association. Churchill’s animals for Chartwell, Kent. Lynch Australian state galleries hold examples. exhibited at art fairs in London and Bath from the early 1980s; in the 1989 National Trust Foundation John Langtry LYNAS 1879–1956 Painter, sculptor and Salute to Turner exhibition at Agnew; in The Broad illustrator, born in Greenock, Renfrewshire, his parents having Ulster origins. They moved there Horizon there and in the Singer & Times Watercolour when he was still small. He attended the Model Friedlander/Sunday School in Belfast, spent a short time at Belfast Competition, both 1990; Critics’ Choice, New School of Art and in his mid-twenties, without British Art, Christie’s, 1993; and there in the adequate resources, embarked on a trip through National Trust Foundation Centenary Exhibition, Europe and was later said to have studied art in 1995. Among Lynch’s solo shows were Linfield London and Paris. In Belfast did a variety of jobs Galleries, Bradford-on-Avon, from 1982; Nevill such as building and signwriting to support self Gallery, Bath, from 1984; Odette Gilbert Gallery, and family. Exhibited at RHA, RUA and at Belfast 1988; Maas Gallery, from 1991; retrospective, Museum and Art Gallery. Magee’s Gallery gave National Trust Foundation, Mompesson House, him a solo show in 1939, CEMA in 1952. Among Salisbury, 1998; and Alpha House Gallery, books illustrated by Lynas was Why, published in Sherborne, 2000. The Maas Gallery 2006 Lynch 1935. Ulster Museum holds his self-portrait. The exhibition was accompanied by the limited-edition Ulster critic John Hewitt remembered Lynas as book Skylines. Notable private collections holding “that diminutive rowdy … forever creating a scene his work include Chatsworth and Longleat. Lived and stumping out in a temper” at exhibitions, “his in High Ham, Somerset. few pictures in conté crayon the aborted sprouts James F LYNCH 1932– Painter and teacher who of his vast imaginings.” obtained his diploma at Camberwell School of Art James LYNCH 1956– Painter and illustrator, born in

Hitchin, Hertfordshire, who grew up in Devizes, Wiltshire. He was married to the artist Kate Lynch. After gaining a graphic design diploma at Swindon, 1974–6, he began painting professionally. In 1983 he gained an Elizabeth Greenshields Foundation bursary; in 1986 won The Pimm’s Prize Award for

and teacher’s certificate at Goldsmiths’ College. After National Service taught in preparatory and public schools, notably at The Downs School, Colwall, following Maurice Feild and Unity Spencer; after part-time teaching at Stoke-on-Trent College of Art and a period as head of Art at Bedford Modern School, he took early retirement

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in 1984 to paint full-time, in England and Morocco. Group shows included the RA Summer Exhibition; The Scottish Gallery (Aitken Dott), in Edinburgh; 1969 John Moores Liverpool Exhibition; Four Counties Open, in Milton Keynes, where he was a prize winner; Partners in Art, tour organised by Bedford Education Service; NEAC; and RWA. Among his solo exhibitions were The Gallery, Wellingborough, Dan Sullivan’s Gallery in Bedford and Rooksmoor Gallery, Bath. After in 1992 moving to Bath, Somerset, Lynch exhibited as James, to avoid confusion with another West Country artist.

Artist and teacher, married to the painter James Lynch. Gained an honours degree in the history of art at Essex University, 1975, followed by a postgraduate diploma in fine art at Bristol Polytechnic, 1992. Lynch taught at Devizes School and Bath High School from 1977-1980. She then ran various art and community projects in the West Country. She is a member of the RWA and was awarded the Black Swan Prize for Painting in 1992 and Bath and West Painting Prize in 1998. Her collection of paintings documenting the willow growers and basket makers on the Somerset Levels toured nationally, winning awards from South West Arts and Wessex Water. The resulting book was entitled Willow: Paintings and Drawings with Somerset Voices. She had solo exhibitions at Beaux Art, Bath in the 1990s, East Lambrook Manor in 2001 and 2004, as well as Rural Life Museum, Glastonbury, Brewhouse, Taunton, Platform Gallery, Clitheroe and Norfolk Rural Life Museum in 2003. Lived at High Ham, Somerset. Kate LYNCH 1949–

Draughtsman, watercolourist and designer. She studied at Exeter College of Art and Glasgow School of Art and went on to run a small craft business, for which she did designs. She also found time to make intricate drawings based on her own domestic circumstances. Lynch won a number of awards: in 1972 the Benno Schotz Travel Award; 10 years later the Glasgow Lady Artists’ Trust Fund Award and a Scottish Arts Council Major Bursary. She took part in many group shows, including Royal Glasgow Institute Kaye LYNCH 1949–

of the Fine Arts; Project Arts Centre, Dublin; and Talbot Rice Art Centre, Edinburgh. Solo shows included Arts Council Gallery, Edinburgh; Carlisle Museum and Art Gallery; and Skelmersdale Art Gallery. She was included in The Compass Contribution, Tramway, Glasgow, 1990.

Michael LYNE 1912–1989 Sporting artist in oil, watercolour and line, and writer, full name Charles Edward Michael Lyne. He was born in Upton Bishop, Herefordshire, son of a country parson. Rejected the idea of becoming a vet or a farmer, instead studying for short time at Cheltenham School of Art. Initially he worked in watercolour and body colour, but between late 1940s and 1970s concentrated on oils, producing hunting subjects in rich colours, culminating in a notable series on the Grand National. Hunted his own pack of beagles, the United Cotswold, also with otterhounds and with over 40 packs of foxhounds in England, Ireland and America. Wrote and illustrated a number of books, including Horse, Hounds and Country; A Parson’s Son; and From Litter to Later On. Lived near Fairford in Gloucestershire.

Versatile artist and teacher, born in Scotland, who used a rich palette and whose work had a strong abstract element. He attended Edinburgh College of Art, 1958–62, then taught in Scotland and London, 1963–7. After studying enamelling as a mural technique under Stefan Knapp, 1968–9, Lynn won a scholarship to Poland, 1970. From 1971–80 he lived between the west of Ireland and London, moved to Ireland permanently in 1980 and in 1984 settled in Wicklow. Lynn was closely involved in the Éigse Carlow Arts Festival for periods from 1994; had a residency at the Cill Rialaig Project, Kerry, and was awarded Art Flight, Arts Council of Ireland, both in 1995; was a tutor at Centro d’Arte Dedalo, Tuscany, Italy, in 1996; and at O’Neill’s Burren Painting Centre, County Clare, 1998–03. In 2000 he was made a member of Leinster Print Making Studio, in 2003 of Graphic Print Making Studio. He took part in numerous group exhibitions and had a series of solo shows, including Solomon Gallery, Dublin, from 1995; Bob LYNN 1940–

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Mermaid Arts Centre, Bray, 2002; Riverbank Art Centre, Newbridge, and Dyehouse Gallery, Waterford, both 2003; and Recent Paintings, Tom Caldwell Gallery, Belfast, 2004. Many corporate collections in Ireland and Britain held examples.

Sculptor, designer, writer and teacher who attended Bryanston School, where he studied sculpture with Willi Soukop; Oxford University; and Edinburgh College of Art, studying sculpture with Eric Schilsky. After service in Royal Navy minesweepers became a freelance sculptor and designer in 1953. Was married to the artist Toby Lyon. Was a senior lecturer at Central School of Art & Design, 1969–85, also teaching at other schools including West Sussex College of Art parttime. Published Design in Jewellery and wrote articles for The Observer, The Guardian, Yorkshire Post, Apollo and other publications. Was also consultant design director to the Bonas Group, 1969–74, design consultant for films on gold and silver work and did judging, including Hunting Group national art competition in 1988 and 1991. Solo exhibitions included Upper Grosvenor Gallery. Did much commissioned work, including sculptures for Kingsway Hall; Stevenage New Town centre and Park Town Gardens, Oxford, both competition winners; Cambridge University engineering department; entrance sculpture for Churchill College, Cambridge; and sculpture beside Gertrude Jekyll water garden, Vann, Surrey. Had a London studio and lived in Lymington, Hampshire. Peter LYON 1926–

College Hospital dental department. Lived at Rushlake Green, Sussex.

Painter, etcher and teacher, who attended Glasgow School of Art and Royal College of Art, winning a number of awards, then studied widely on the continent. He was supervisor of art in schools for Ayrshire Education Authority, taught art at Irvine Royal Academy and Ayr Academy, living in Ayr. Lyon was a member of Glasgow Art Club, president of Ayr Sketch Club and exhibited at RSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, RSW and Paris Salon. Was also a keen amateur cellist. Cyril Gerber Fine Art included his oil Low Tide, Dunure, in First of the Summer Wine in 2000. Thomas Bonar LYON 1873–1955

Toby LYON 1926–1990 Painter, born into a peripatetic military family in Birmingham. Aged 14, as Colleen McCormick, she enrolled at the St Ives School of Painting. Exhibited at Portal Gallery, in the Netherlands and Germany and was widely collected in America. She was married to the sculptor Peter Lyon, her daughter Charlotte and son Jasper also being artists. Her childhood spent partly in Bexhill-on-Sea, the Sussex seaside resort, was a great inspiration for her gently humorous, naïve pictures. Died in Cambridge.

Elizabeth LYONS 1937–1994 Painter and draughtsman whose work was figurative with strong abstract elements; teacher. Born in London, she had a lifelong ambition to go to art college, attending evening classes in life drawing and painting. She Robert LYON 1894–1978 Artist, mural painter and founded a company making and designing horseteacher. Born in Liverpool, he studied art at the drawn carriages for world-class driving, winning Royal College of Art and the British School at a gold cup at Windsor for excellent design and Rome, 1924. He became lecturer in fine art and craftsmanship. Lyons studied at Ravensbourne master of painting at King’s College, Newcastle College of Art, 1977–8, then gained a first-class upon Tyne, 1932. For eight years from 1934 Lyon honours degree at Falmouth College of Art, 1978– was tutor to the Ashington Group of spare-time 81. From 1988–91 she was artist-in-residence and Northumberland miner artists, one of the most visiting lecturer in Tuscany, Falmouth and remarkable of such groups to emerge in the inter- Goldsmiths’ Colleges of Art; in 1990–2 was at New war years. From 1942–60 Lyon was principal of York International School of Art, Todi, Italy; and Edinburgh College of Art. He exhibited RA, RBA, in 1992 at Geoffrey Humphries Studio, Venice. RP and in the provinces. Also painted murals for She took part in group shows at RA and Falmouth Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, and King’s Art Gallery, 1982; Jablonski Gallery, 1986; LG 122

from 1989, and elsewhere. Had a solo show at Ripley Art Centre in 1983, later ones including Woodlands Art Gallery, 1986–8, and Art Space Gallery, 1989–92, with a memorial show in 1996.

John LYONS 1933– Painter, poet, writer and teacher, born in Port of Spain, Trinidad. Moved to London and studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1959–64, and at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne’s art department, 1964–5. Myths and folklore were a feature of Lyons’ pictures, as seen in The Caribbean Connection, at Islington Arts Factory, 1995. Other mixed shows included Edison Galerie, The Hague, 1982; Art Works, Manchester Polytechnic, 1985; and Harris Museum & Art Gallery, Preston, 1991. Solo exhibitions included Huddersfield Art Gallery and tour, 1992. Lyons’ paintings were conditioned to an extent by his work as a poet and writer, which was included in many anthologies and which won literary prizes. Lyons was appointed external purchaser for the Arts Council Collection, 1987–9, and was a selector for a number of exhibitions. Taught art at Manchester University.

Artist and lecturer, born in Guildford, Surrey, who studied at Bath Academy of Art, 1964–8, and Yale University school of art and architecture, 1968–71. He taught at the University of Auckland in New Zealand and the Fine Art Centre, Belfast, Northern Ireland, and was visiting lecturer at colleges in Dublin, Nova Scotia and at Trent Polytechnic. In 1979 he participated in Serpentine Summer Show 1 while teaching at Newport College of Art. He then offered video and slide performances, his aim being “to create an order within the confusion of opportunities for creative expression that exist around me.” Installations and performances included Superimpression, City Art Gallery, Auckland, 1974; Wine and Milk, 2B Butler’s Wharf, 1975; Monkey’s Magic Mainstay, Fine Art Centre, Belfast, 1977; and Lies in the Lecture, Arts Council Gallery, Belfast, 1978. Kieran LYONS 1946–

Michael LYONS 1943– Sculptor and teacher, born in

Bilston, Staffordshire. Studied at Wolverhampton

College of Art, 1959–63, Hornsey College of Art, 1963–4, and University of Newcastle, 1964–7. Became head of sculpture at Manchester Polytechnic, 1989. Exhibitions included Welsh Sculpture Trust’s exhibition Sculpture in a Country Park, Margam, 1983, and 1st RWA Open Sculpture Exhibition, 1993. Many of Lyons’ works were in welded metal, designed for an outdoor setting where changing light was of key importance. Had a solo show at Hatton Gallery, Newcastle, 1982, later ones including Beaux Arts Gallery, Bath, 1986, and Wingfield College, Eye, 1990. Was elected an associate of RBS in 1992. Commissions included Peace for Manchester City Council, 1985–6, and Portsmouth Polytechnic bronze, 1990. Arts Council and Whitworth Art Gallery in Manchester hold examples. Lived in Cawood, Yorkshire.

Self-taught painter, notably in watercolour, and teacher, born in Leeds, Yorkshire (surname originally Wilson, although he signed work Lyons Wilson, later adopting the hyphenated form). He was strongly influenced by Cotman, Constable and Cézanne. After service in World War I with a West Riding field ambulance unit in France, in 1918 LyonsWilson returned to Leeds, having painting holidays with Jacob Kramer, in 1919 marrying and taking up art full-time. Based in Wensleydale, LyonsWilson exhibited throughout Yorkshire and became acquainted with the writer J B Priestley and artists Philip Naviasky, Fred Lawson and Richard Eurich, who called Lyons-Wilson the best watercolourist of his time. In 1930 Lyons-Wilson was asked to teach art appreciation, drawing and painting at Sedbergh School, eventually settling there. He was invited by the Cunard Line to supply paintings for their new liner Berengaria. In 1938 Lyons-Wilson moved to teach at Blundell’s School, sharing his time with King’s College, Taunton, retiring from both in 1968. From 1944 Lyons-Wilson developed an interest in abstract and Surrealist paintings, which he showed at the Redfern Gallery. He also exhibited at RA, NEAC, Plymouth Society of Artists, was president of the Somerset Society of William LYONS-WILSON 1892–1981

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Artists, East Devon Art Society and Phoenix Art Club in Tiverton, and vice-president of Tiverton Art Society. Lyons-Wilson was remembered as an inspiring art teacher, an independent spirit and witty raconteur, who had a keen insight into the works of Klee and Miró. Imperial War Museum and Exeter Museum hold his pictures. Lived at Ash Thomas, Devon, dying in Tiverton Hospital.

1973; then, newly married, settled in Shropshire, continuing with engineering. A developing interest in ornithology persisted when the Lythgoes emigrated to Canada in 1975, settling in St Catherines on the south side of Lake Ontario. This was on the direct course of mid-American wildfowl migration, so in addition to working as a marine engineer Lythgoe spent thousands of hours observing and photographing migratory wildfowl. Damaris LYSAGHT 1956– Representational painter, On a family holiday to Hyannis Port, Cape Cod, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland, who grew up he bought an early American decoy as a decoration, near Doneraile, County Cork, in the Irish Republic. met an American carver and once home made his She studied in Cork for two years at Crawford first carving, a Scaup. His enthusiasm for carving Municipal School of Art, then for two more at the continued. In 1986 Lythgoe returned to England, National College of Art and Design, Dublin. settling in Gloucestershire. Exhibitions included Lysaght was awarded an Italian Government Open Eye Gallery in Edinburgh, Andrew Usiskin Scholarship to study in Florence with Nerina Simi. Gallery and Jonathan Poole Gallery, Compton After four years in the Simi Studio she painted Cassey, from 1992; Terrace Gallery, Worthing, full-time, living on a small organic farm near 1994; Blackheath Gallery, 1996; Dansel Gallery, Kanturk, County Cork, with the poet Seamus Weymouth, 2000; and Oliver Contemporary, 2002. Hogan. Lysaght participated in numerous group shows in Ireland and abroad, being a regular Neville LYTTON 1879–1951 Painter, writer and exhibitor at Lavit Gallery, Cork; Leinster Gallery, collector, born in Calcutta, India, became the Third Dublin; Wellspring Gallery, Tralee; Kenny Gallery, Earl of Lytton. After education at Eton College, Galway; and in the RHA Annual Exhibition. Her Neville Lytton attended L’École des Beaux-Arts, solo shows included Tom Caldwell Gallery, Dublin, Paris, also working in the studio of Léon Bonnet. 1987 and 1991; An Cibeal, Kenmare, 1993; He exhibited extensively at Alpine Club Gallery, Fournier Street, Spitalfields, 1994; Tom Caldwell Carfax Gallery and Beaux Arts Gallery, also RA, Gallery, Belfast, 1996 and 2005; The Bleddfa NEAC, RP and elsewhere. Among the subjects of Centre, Wales, 1998; and Joan Clancy Gallery, portraits by him were Bernard Shaw and the poet Ring, Dungarvan, 2003. Alice Meynell. Lytton wrote a number of books on subjects as varied as the English country Anthony LYSYCIA 1959– Artist and photographer, gentleman, France and his monograph Waterborn in Chorley, Lancashire. He studied at Preston colour, originally a lecture to the Art Workers’ Polytechnic, 1978–81; Royal College of Art, 1981– Guild in 1907. Lytton was a friend of the noted 4; then in 1984–5 was Rome Scholar in collector of English pictures Eddie Marsh, Printmaking at British School in Rome. Lysycia introducing him to traditional watercolours, took part in a number of group shows in London although he disapproved of Marsh’s later and elsewhere, including The Self Portrait: a inclination towards modern British works. Lived Modern View, which toured from Artsite Gallery, in London. Bath, in 1987. Michael LYTHGOE 1950– Sculptor of elegant and stylised birds, born and raised in Cheshire. He was an apprentice engineer with Unilever from 1968; joined Ocean Fleet Shipping Company as a junior engineer, with which he travelled extensively until

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