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Artists in Britain Since 1945 David Buckman

1786 pages in 2 volumes 14,500 artist biographies available to buy from Goldmark Gallery 01572 821424 rrp ÂŁ165 our special price ÂŁ85 including p&p

Artist and teacher, born in Rugby, Warwickshire. He studied art at Norwich School of Art and Goldsmiths’ College. Took part in the Essex Open Exhibition and in Form and Colour, Congress of Polish Culture Exhibition of Fine Arts by Polish Artists in Britain, POSK, 1995. Lived in Leigh-on-Sea, Essex.

World War II, he showed mainly in London, in group shows at Leger and Whitechapel Art Galleries and elsewhere. Redfern, Drian and Molton Galleries gave him solo exhibitions in the 1950s and 1960s and John Denham Gallery gave him a retrospective in 1980. Kahn was a serious, retiring man, a prolific artist whose works are held by the Tate Gallery and Tel-Aviv Museum, Israel.

Roman KABAROWSKI 1961–

Painter, draughtsman and teacher who was born in London. He had a special interest in portraiture and illustrative art, favouring strong colour. Kadish studied at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art, 1936–40, interrupted by war service, 1940–6; then in 1946– 7 gained his art teaching diploma at London University’s Institute of Education. Taught art at school and adult education level. Became a member of Hesketh Hubbard and Ben Uri Art Societies and showed at RA, RSMA, UA and elsewhere, having solo exhibitions at Burgh House, Hampstead, 1984, and Ruislip Library, 1988. Main works included The Lambeth Walk and Belshazzar’s Feast. Lived in Edgware, Middlesex. Norman KADISH 1916–1988

Andras KALDOR 1938– Artist

Sculptor, creator of abstract stone compositions, born in Israel. He studied under R Lehmann in Jerusalem, then from late 1950s at St Martin’s School of Art. He showed in Ten Years of Sculpture at Israel Museum, TelAviv, 1958; with Young Contemporaries and LG, 1959–61; in France and Italy in 1961; and in 1965 in Fifty Years of Sculpture at Grosvenor Gallery and in The Visual Arts, at Harlow Arts Festival. Menasche KADISHMAN 1932–

Erich KAHN 1904–1980 Painter, draughtsman and printmaker, born in Stuttgart, Germany. Studied at the State School for Arts and Crafts, 1922–5, in 1926 working with Fernand Léger in Paris. Arrived in England in 1939, shortly after release from Nazi concentration camp. Was interned in Isle of Man in World War II, but went on working in the Expressionist style to which he remained faithful. Settled in London, living in poverty, his life being eased by the arrangement of a pension and marriage. In the 1920s and 1930s Kahn had showed in Stuttgart and Berlin, and although he did exhibit in Paris, Bruges and other continental capitals after

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who made a unique contribution to the depiction of buildings in several continents. Kaldor was born in Budapest, Hungary, from 1952–6 educated at the Petöfi Sándor Gimnázium there. In 1956 he left Hungary, from 1957–60 studying architecture in Edinburgh and Glasgow. Between 1960–80 Kaldor was in architectural practice in London and Yorkshire, painting and sculpting in his spare time, then in 1981 he gave up full-time architecture to concentrate on painting, opening the Andras Kaldor Gallery in Dartmouth, Devon, where he remained based. He had a first solo show in 1983 at Galerie Cabaret, Villefranche-sur-mer, France, and he also took part in group exhibitions at the Century Gallery, Henley-on-Thames, Compton Gallery, Windsor; Robert Alvares Galerie, Cannes; and Lymington Gallery, Lymington, a limited-edition silkscreen print series being published by London Contemporary Art. In 1986, with five others, he founded the Dartmouth Artists Group, regularly showing in their own galleries and elsewhere. Other highlights of Kaldor’s versatile career included a commission by British Airways to paint 12 buildings, forming the Regent Street Collection of prints, 1989; Opera Houses of Europe at Coe Kerr Gallery, New York, and Les Opera de L’Europa at Galerie Gasnier Camien, Paris, both 1990; a portfolio of London buildings prints, published by The Art Group, also cards and other printed matter for the Tower of London and Hampton Court Palace, 1991; a commission to paint Chateau Leveville, Chartres, and Chateau at Petite Thouars sur Vienne, 1992; a large mural for Fingals Hotel, Dittisham, and printed matter for the Guggenheim Museum, New York, 1993; a commission to paint famous buildings in the borough for Southwark

Council, 1995; publication of his book Opera Houses of Europe, with a show of the original paintings at Gallery 19, 1996; exhibitions at Operaház, Budapest, and at Glyndebourne Festival Opera, 1997; a show of opera houses at Lincoln Center, New York, 1998; publication of New York, Masterpieces of Architecture, 1999; and of Berlin, Masterpieces of Architecture, 2002.

Artist, born in Chelmno, Poland, who studied in the art and graphic design faculty of the Academy of Fine Art, Cracow, with Zbyslaw Maciejewski, 1982–7, gaining his master’s in book design and woodcut. Kaldowski wrote that his work was “deeply rooted in the human experience.” He was a member of the Association of Polish Artists in Great Britain and showed widely in group/mixed exhibitions, including VI Confrontation, MDK, Myslienice, 1988; New Paintings from Russia and Eastern Europe, Alberti Gallery, 1998; Lewes Townscapes, Lewes Gallery, 2000; Christmas Exhibition, The Albany Gallery, Cardiff, 2001; and FHP Art Exhibition, The Orangery, Holland Park, 2002. By 2004 he had had over 40 solo shows, later ones including See You Tomorrow, Sussex Arts Club, Brighton, 2000; Four Seasons, Plas Glyn-y-Weddw Gallery, Pwllheli, 2001; Regent’s Park Today, Open Air Theatre, Regent’s Park, 2003; and a retrospective at POSK, 2004. Kaldowski completed many varied commissions, including a monumental mural in the Sierakowice church, paintings for the Museum in Chelmno, interior and exterior design for the City Culture Centre, Lobzenica, and portraits of public figures. He initially visited Britain in 1994 at the invitation of the headmaster of Downside School, for whom he painted two portraits. In 1995 he was employed by the television channel Wisla as head of design; in 1996 completed work on Velis Passis, a cycle featuring 30 famous Poles; in 1997, finished a gigantic Angel for the papal visit to Poland; in 1998 in London, where he settled, completed 40 portraits of Polish war veterans in exile; in 2000, was commissioned to paint six of the finest gardens in Wales; and in 2002 was invited to begin a long-

running series interpreting the landscape of Regent’s Park. Regent’s Park Close Up was a show at the Atkinson Studios by the Open Air Theatre there in 2005. His huge frieze The Four Seasons – Four Stages of Life, inspired by the composer Vivaldi’s work, followed “many years of planning and experience.” Public and corporate collections in Poland hold his work.

Artist, born in Gdynia, Poland, whose first art tuition was at home. He then studied in Andalusia, Spain, under U Prazeres. From the mid-1980s, Kaliniewicz painted in Spain, France, Portugal and West Africa. He participated in Form and Colour, Congress of Polish Culture Exhibition of Fine Arts by Polish Artists in Britain, POSK, 1995. Among his solo shows was one at the Business Centre, Kilburn.

Mariusz KALDOWSKI 1962–

Eugeniusz KALINIEWICZ 1938–

Peter KALKHOF 1933– Painter and teacher, born in

Stassfurt, Germany, working in acrylic on canvas, hardboard, paper and plywood. He attended an evening class at School of Arts & Crafts, Braunschweig, 1952–5; was at Academy of Fine Arts, Stuttgart, 1956–60; did a postgraduate course at Slade School of Fine Art, 1960–1; then was at École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1962. Went on to teach at Reading University. Kalkhof said that his main concern was “the abstract phenomena of colour and space”. Ancient cities, museums and nature with its climates and seasons were of key importance. In 1987 Kalkhof was commissioned to carry out a mural for the Treaty Centre, Hounslow, for Taylor Woodrow Group. Kalkhof’s many mixed exhibitions included Galerie am Bohlweg, Braunschweig, 1962; University of East Anglia, Norwich, 1971; Towner Art Gallery, Eastbourne, 1972; British Painting ’74, Hayward Gallery, 1974; Camden Arts Centre, 1981; and The Seventies, Brixton Art Gallery, 1985. He had a solo exhibition at Galerie in der Garage, Stuttgart, 1964, then showed often with Annely Juda Fine Art from 1970. There was a 25-year retrospective at Landesmuseum Oldenburg, Germany, in 1988. Arts Council and other public collections in Britain and abroad hold examples. 4

Marion KALMUS 1963– Sculptor who graduated from Goldsmiths’ College in 1994. She was awarded a Kettle’s Yard Artist Fellowship in 1997– 8. She was awarded commissions for Tate Liverpool and the Royal Festival Hall. In 2001 her permanent outdoor sculpture for the National Botanic Garden of Wales was opened and she was shortlisted for the first Jerwood Sculpture Prize. Kalmus’s sculpture was commonly site-specific. She regarded her work on the Botanic Garden gatehouse as a “physical part of the building, an architectural intervention”; made of glass with an aluminium support, it made “the centre of the gatehouse look as if it is filled with running water and light.” Her proposed monumental stone piece for the Jerwood Sculpture Park, Witley Court, “couldn’t possibly be sited anywhere else.”

Artist and teacher, born in Ayios Amvrossios, Cyprus, who moved to England aged nine. He was noted for his wry and satirical coloured etchings, which employed a firm graphic line, areas of unusually subtle flat or patterned colour and a wide range of subjects. Images were meticulously constructed. Kalorkoti gained a first-class honours degree from Newcastle upon Tyne University, 1976–80, completing a master’s degree in printmaking at Royal College of Art, 1982–5. As well as being a part-time visiting lecturer at a number of art schools, Kalorkoti was artist-in-residence at Leeds Playhouse, 1985; won a Netherlands Government Scholarship, 1986–7; was Bartlett Fellow in the Visual Arts at Newcastle, 1988; and artist-in-residence for Cleveland County, 1992. Commissions included Imperial War Museum, 1988; Boroughs of Darlington and Hartlepool, both 1989; and National Garden Festival, Gateshead, 1990. Took part in many group exhibitions, winning the Granada Prize at Northern Young Contemporaries, Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester, 1983. His solo shows included Imperial War Museum and National Garden Festival, both 1990; Design Works, Gateshead, 1992; Gallery in the Forest, Grizedale, 1995, Shipley Art Gallery, Gateshead, and tour, 1998–9, and Usher Gallery, Lincoln, 2002. Imperial War

Museum, British Council and Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle, own his work.

Painter, mainly a watercolourist, designer and teacher, born in Birmingham. She studied fine art at Reading University, graduating in 1978. For six years she was a freelance graphic artist, then began to train as a teacher of art and design in 1985. After four years’ teaching in Yorkshire she decided to devote more time to painting. She had her first solo show in 1990 at Finegold Contemporary Art Gallery, Hebden Bridge, another following at The Catto Gallery, 1992. Also showed at NEAC, RI and in 1990 won Catto Gallery award for Best Newcomer at RWS. Lived in London. Annette

KANE

1955–

1889–1954 Portrait draughtsman, painter and sculptor who spent most of his life in Belfast, Northern Ireland. After attending Belfast Mercantile Academy, Kane was for a time with architects Blackwood and Jury; won a scholarship to Metropolitan School of Art, Dublin; taught at Royal Belfast Academical Institution; then in Edinburgh helped the sculptor James Pittendrigh MacGillivray with the Gladstone Memorial. Kane was associated with the Ulster Literary Theatre and many of his subjects were theatrical people. Showed with Rodman’s Gallery and RSA and Ulster Museum holds his work. George MacDowell Kane

Panayiotis KALORKOTI 1957–

Artist creating installations and abstract wall pieces using a variety of found objects and man-made materials, as in New Art in Scotland, Centre for Contemporary Arts, Glasgow, 1994. He was born and lived in Inverness, attended Edinburgh College of Art, 1975–80, and had a Scottish Arts Council Amsterdam Residency, 1986–7. Was one of four artists showing at Transmission Gallery, Glasgow, 1984; also in Federation of Scottish Sculptors show, Talbot Rice Gallery, Edinburgh, 1985; and Outdoor Sculpture, Crawford Arts Centre, St Andrews, 1988. Later solo exhibitions included Pure, Moving Space Gallery, Ghent, Belgium, 1996. Ian KANE 1951–

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Martin KANE 1958– Painter and draughtsman, born

in Cardiff, who attended the Glasgow College of Building & Printing, 1980–2; Glasgow School of Art, 1982–3; and Edinburgh College of Art, 1983– 7. He took part in many mixed shows in Britain and abroad, later ones including Compass Gallery Annual Group Show, and Cats and Other Creatures, Main Fine Art, both in Glasgow, 1987. Kane had a series of exhibitions with Jill George Gallery from 1990, among them latterly Beaux Arts, 1996. In the catalogue of that, W Gordon Smith referred to Kane’s “vista of strange landscapes, bleak urban tundra rendered in yellow ochres and burnt browns, gaunt architecture in an awesome emptiness tinged by a sulphurous gloaming”, calling him “a melancholy poet of the waste land.” Cleveland Museum and Art Gallery; Scottish Development Agency; corporate collections; and Kasen Summer Collection, New York, owned examples. Lived in Glasgow.

at Warsaw Academy of Fine Arts, in Vienna and Paris. Exhibited RA, RP, Lefevre Gallery and in Paris in mixed shows, as well as having one-man exhibitions in London, Glasgow, Edinburgh and in several places on the continent. His work included royal portraiture. Lived in London.

Sculptor, born in Anida, India. After attending Sagramji High School, Condal, 1950–5, Kaneria studied at the Faculty of Fine Art, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, where he obtained a diploma in sculpture, 1955– 9. Between 1964–8 attended Royal College of Art by way of a Commonwealth Scholarship, working with Bernard Meadows. A Sainsbury Scholarship followed in 1967. As well as showing in India, was included in the Commonwealth Art Exhibition in 1962 and in the Royal College of Art’s 1980 exhibition Bernard Meadows at the Royal College of Art, 1960–1980. Arts Council holds Watercarrier, of 1967, in steel.

Raghav KANERIA 1936–

Paula KANE 1970– Painter, born in Glasgow, who studied at Blackpool College of Technology and Art, 1988–9; Kent Institute of Art and Design, Canterbury, 1989–92; and Goldsmiths’ College, 1994–6. She was Henry Moore Fellow, Byam Shaw School of Art, 1998. Exhibitions included Small Objects of Desire, City Gallery in Leicester, 1994; Whitechapel Open, 1996; Plastic Domestic at The Tannery, 1997; and John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1997–8, where she was represented by the meticulous oil on canvas Bobbles; showing again in 1999 and 2004. There were solo exhibitions at Galerie Zurcher, Paris, 1999, and Emily Tsingou Gallery, 2004. Lived in London. In 2005, her work was included in The Valley at Bloomberg SPACE. The catalogue referred to her “Arcadian landscapes. Using high art as her source material her vistas are fantastical, eschewing the fantasy worlds of J R R Tolkien or C S Lewis. She describes her sources as ‘forgotten landscapes’ – the distant rocky hills behind the Madonna nurturing her baby in an Italian Renaissance altar painting and the bough from which Jean-Honoré Fragonard’s girl swings in the perfect embodiment of Rococo frivolity.” Raymond KANELBA 1897–1962 Painter who studied

Figurative painter and draughtsman, known to family and friends as Nicks. Kang’s output included a series of luminous flower still lifes, a selection of which was sold at Bonhams, Knightsbridge, in 2003. He was born in India and settled as a baby with his parents in Leicester. He was seldom without a pencil in his hand and never considered anything but an artist’s career. Studied history of art at Leicester University and was taught by the painter John Townsend, who helped Kang develop his distinctive style. Augustus John, Giovanni Boldini and especially Gustav Klimt were influences.

Kanwaldeep S KANG 1964–

Stanisława KANIA: see Stasia KANIA

Artist and designer, sometimes listed as Stanisława Kania, who studied at Loretta College of Art, Manchester, and at the Polish School of Painting, London. Became an interior designer by profession, following studies at Chelsea College of Art. Kania was a member of the International Association of Art, the Free Painters and Sculptors and Association of Polish Artists in Great Britain and participated in

Stasia KANIA fl. from 1970s–

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Contemporary Art by Polish Artists Abroad at POSK, 1985. Had a solo exhibition at that gallery, 1981, also at Leighton House, 1982.

in London, where he had settled. Kapitanski’s work is held in the Tower of London and many international private collections.

Artist noted for colourful, witty etchings, and teacher, born in Brisbane, Australia. She did a foundation diploma in art and design at Falmouth School of Art, 1985– 6; gained an honours degree in visual and performing arts at Brighton Polytechnic, 1986–9; then her master’s in fine art printmaking at Brighton University, 1990–2; studying lithography for artists at London College of Printmaking, 1992–3. In 1990 Kantaris worked at Tapestry Studios of Australia, in Melbourne, designing and weaving large tapestries, including work for Parliament House, Canberra; she had a four-month residency at Bethanien Kunstlerhaus, Berlin, in 1993; helped set up Trevor Price Studios in St Ives, Cornwall, 1994; and from 1995 oversaw the running of the Porthmeor Print Workshop in the town. Teaching included the Print Workshop, the School of Painting and Tate Gallery in St Ives and Newlyn Art Gallery. Exhibitions included National Print Exhibition, Royal Festival Hall, 1988; Fresh Art, Barbican Centre, 1991; RA Summer Exhibition, 1992; Three Printmakers, Salthouse Gallery, St Ives, 1993; Open Print Exhibition, RWA, 1994; and St Ives Now, Collyer-Bristow Gallery, 1996. In 1997 Kantaris was invited by the British Council to stage an exhibition of contemporary printmaking in Manila, and while there taught at The University of the Philippines.

Artist, born in America in New York City, who attended Hunter College, City University of New York, 1963–70, and Yale University, 1966. She was based in Wapping Studios in the early 1980s, contributing to Wapping Artists, 1981, and Wapping Artists Open Studios, 1982.

Rachael Anna KANTARIS 1967–

Jo Ann KAPLAN 1945–

Painter and muralist whose work included richly coloured pictures with a strong imaginative element. He studied at the College of Art, 1978–83, and Academy of Fine Art, 1985–91, both in Sofia, Bulgaria. Completed murals there at the Hotel Shipka, 1990, and at French College, 1991. Took part in a number of joint exhibitions throughout Europe, latterly including Gagliardi and Langton Street Galleries, both 2001. His solo show at The Gallery in Cork Street, 2002, was his tenth, previous ones including venues in Sofia, Vienna, Hamburg, Bologna and Cologne and one in 2001 at the Bulgarian Embassy,

Anish KAPOOR 1954– Sculptor, draughtsman and teacher, born in Bombay, India. He studied at Hornsey College of Art, Middlesex Polytechnic, 1973–7, then Chelsea School of Art, 1977–8. He was a teacher at Wolverhampton Polytechnic, 1979–82, then was artist-in-residence at Bridewell Studios, Liverpool. During a visit to India in 1979 Kapoor noticed mounds of pigment on sale outside temples. On his return to England he began to make forms out of ground chalk or plastic which he placed on the floor and covered with powdered pigment, which became an instantly recognisable feature of his work, which had an elegant, harmonious quality. He participated in individual shows in Britain and abroad including Objects and Sculpture at Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol, 1981; British Sculpture in the Twentieth Century (part II), at Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1982; represented Britain in the 1982 Paris Biennale, with Stephen Farthing and Bill Woodrow; participated in Objects & Figures at Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, 1982–3, and tour; showed at Lisson Gallery, 1989; represented Britain at Venice Biennale, 1990; in 1991 won the Turner Prize; and in 1998 had a major show at the Tate Gallery. He was elected RA in 1999 and was made Hon. RIBA in 2001. In 2002 Kapoor was commissioned to make an installation, the third in The Unilever Series, for Tate Modern’s turbine hall. Heralded as the largest sculpture in the world, Marsyas comprised a trumpet shape for which three steel rings, each weighing several tonnes, stretched a membrane of red fabric 155 metres long (over three times the length of Nelson’s Column) and 35 high. Kapoor made his debut as an opera designer at Glyndebourne in 2003, with

Plamen KAPITANSKI 1964–

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a set for Mozart’s Idomeneo. From 2004 visitors to Chicago Millennium Park were impressed by Kapoor’s Cloudgate, a gleaming construction almost five storeys high made of 140 tons of stainless steel. Arts Council and other leading collections have his work. Lived in London.

Chintamoni KAR 1915– Sculptor, painter and teacher, born in Bengal, India. Attended University of Calcutta, 1929–31, then the Indian Society of Oriental Art School there and was at L’Académie de la Grande Chaumière, in Paris, 1938–9. Showed at RA, RBA and Victoria & Albert Museum. Indian Embassy in Paris holds his work. Lived in London.

Edmond Xavier KAPP 1890–1978 Painter and draughtsman, Kapp was a masterly caricaturist, as shown in a series of now-scarce books such as Personalities, published by Martin Secker. Born in London, Kapp was educated at Christ’s College, Cambridge, and in Paris and Rome. He had several dozen one-man shows in London and provincial galleries as well as on the continent, in Canada and America. A 50-year retrospective was held at Whitechapel Art Gallery in 1961, other shows at Barber Institute of Fine Arts, Birmingham, 1999 and 2001. In World War II Kapp was an Official War Artist. Kapp’s work is in many distinguished private collections, as well as the National Portrait Gallery, Imperial War Museum, the Fitzwilliam in Cambridge and the Ashmolean, Oxford. During the final 20 years of his life Kapp often worked in an abstract style. He was the brother of Helen Kapp and in 1932 married the sculptor, painter and illustrator Polia Chentoff, who died of a cerebral tumour the following year. Kapp lived in London.

Olga KARCZEWSKA 1900–1986 Painter and teacher

who was born in Cracow, Poland, where she attended university, also attending the Sorbonne, in Paris, studying French literature there and at the University of Grenoble. At the start of World War II she arrived in Britain with a small daughter, met Marceli Karczewski, former editor of Kurier Polski in Warsaw and in London editing The Polish Daily, whom she married in 1946. She studied art in London at the Polish School of Painting and Chelsea School of Art and in Paris at L’Académie de la Grande Chaumière. With her husband she bought a dilapidated seventeenth-century house at Aigaliers, Provence, where they set up an art school which attracted students from all over Europe. It closed in 1975 and they moved nearby to Sommières, where she died. She showed at Grabowski Gallery, Walker’s Galleries and elsewhere and had a solo exhibition at New Vision Centre Gallery in 1964. Was a member of the Association of Polish Artists in Great Britain and Helen KAPP 1901–1978 Painter, illustrator, wood the Free Painters and Sculptors. Signed work with engraver and curator, born in London, the sister of initials only. Southend Palace Court has a mural the artist Edmond Xavier Kapp. She studied at the by her. Slade School of Fine Art, Central School of Arts and Crafts and in Paris. Showed RA, AIA, LG and Carolyne KARDIA 1951– Sculptor, painter and SWE and had solo shows at Nicholson’s Gallery teacher, born in west London, married to the teacher and in Haifa, Israel, with the British Council in and sculptor Peter Kardia. She gained a sculpture 1946. Wrote Enjoying Pictures and illustrated diploma at St Martin’s School of Art, 1973; her many books. Was director of Wakefield City Art master’s degree in sculpture, Royal College of Art, Gallery, Yorkshire, 1951–61, then for six years 1974–7; and a postgraduate diploma in art and until her retirement in 1967 was first director of psychology, Hertfordshire College of Art, 1985– Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal, where she 6. Kardia taught widely throughout Britain, established the nucleus of a fine collection. As a including Maidstone College of Art, 1973–4; curator in Wakefield she organised exhibitions that Central School, 1974 and 1982; Winchester School drew attention to artists such as Alan Davie and of Art, 1977–80; Bath Academy of Art, 1982; Royal Patrick Heron then not very well known, in Kendal Academy of Art, 1984; Slade School of Fine Art, showing the painters Joan Eardley, Anne Redpath 1994; St Martin’s School of Art, 1987; Camden and Sheila Fell. Finally lived at Leiston, Suffolk. Institute, 1987–91; and Central St Martins School 8

of Art, 1989–97. Her early work took the form of sculptural installation with cast components, made in response to particular gallery spaces. Painting became a central part of her output when she began to work in colour. She continued to make sitespecific sculpture, often in conjunction with twodimensional work. Kardia said: “The colours aim to speak of themselves, to be disassociated from their method of application and soar above themselves, but equally they are rooted in the materiality of pigment and surface.” She won a South West Arts Travel Award in 2001; British Council Travel Award, 2002; and a South West Arts Exhibition Award, Moule Trust Fund Award and Arts Council Award, all in 2003. Among Kardia’s many shows were Felicity Samuel Gallery, 1978 and 1980; Architectural Association, 1982; Meeting House, Ilminster, 1997; Aquariana and Schwanenwerder, both in Berlin, Germany, 2000; Max Planck Institute, Berlin, 2002; Dorset County Museum, 2003; Victoria Miro Gallery, 2004; and Royal United Hospital, Bath, 2004–5. The privately produced Carolyne Kardia Recent Sculpture Commissions, 2003, with a foreword by her husband, was a good introduction to that aspect of her work. In 2005 Becoming was Kardia’s first major show in London, a mixed-media event at St Pancras Hospital stemming from her work at the Jules Thorn Day Hospital from 1987, where she ran a ceramic/sculpture/pottery group for psychiatric patients. The Kardias lived in Broadwindsor, Dorset.

be comparable with her husband’s in strong construction, also showing a delightful colour sense and often a naïve charm. Tate Gallery holds several examples. Died in London.

Josef KARPF 1900–1993 Painter and draughtsman, born in southeast Poland, who moved to Britain after World War II, during which he had spent time in a Siberian labour camp. Having graduated in economics at University in Vienna, studying in the evening at the School of Art, Karpf eventually settled in London. There he studied at Regent Street Polytechnic and Camden Arts Centre, exhibiting in the capital. He was closely involved with Ben Uri Art Society, which holds his work. Lydia KARPIŃSKA fl. from 1960s– Artist, born

in Vienna, Austria, who studied at St Martin’s School of Art, 1964–8, and portraiture under Leonard Boden, 1978–80. She exhibited at the Paris Salon, 1983; in Form and Colour, Congress of Polish Culture Exhibition of Fine Arts by Polish Artists in Britain, POSK, 1985; and at Talent Store Gallery.

Stanislawa de KARLOWSKA 1876–1952 Painter in oil,

born in Czeliewy, Poland. She studied in Warsaw, Cracow and from 1896 at Académie Julian in Paris where she met her future husband, the Camden Town Group painter Robert Bevan. She settled in England in 1898, two years later beginning to show at WIAC and in 1908 with Frank Rutter’s AAA. She became well known as a hostess to the artists and clients of the Camden Town, Cumberland Market and LG shows, noted for her sweet nature. Had first solo show at Adams Gallery in 1935, which gave her a memorial exhibition 17 years later. Her interiors and landscapes can at their best

Wildlife painter and illustrator, born in London, who started painting and drawing from the age of four, gaining art prizes each year while at school and attended Chelsea School of Art. He early studied the techniques of the Old Masters, such as Rembrandt and Rubens, and was privately commissioned to make pastiches of early Dutch pictures for private clients. From 1985–95 he worked in advertising and publishing as a commercial illustrator. Inspired by the wildlife paintings of Wilhem Kuhnert, he made his first trip to Africa in 1995. He travelled in Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe and elsewhere. His meticulous depictions of big cats were worked up from notes, drawings and photographic records, to produce highly finished paintings in his Kent home. In 1998 Karpinski began a friendship with Carl Olen, head ranger of Kapama Game Reserve, which facilitated his work. Karpinski showed in London, including Haynes Fine Art of Broadway at The Spring Fair, Olympia, 2002, and the Fine Art and Antiques Fair, 2004. He said: “I try to keep a certain freshness Tony KARPINSKI 1965–

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and unlaboured feel to each image with easy flowing and minimal brush work.”

Colquhoun, Robert McBryde and John Minton. In 1946 began teaching at Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, in 1951 moving to Guildford School of Art, in 1972 to Epsom School of Art, retiring in 1982. Had several prestigious shows of monotypes – much admired by Adler – in America, but in 1950 decided to withdraw from exhibiting. Continued to work, however, and his reputation was revived when in 1989–91 England & Co had exhibitions. British Museum made extensive purchases. Died in Leicester, having lived in the county at Loughborough.

Draughtsman, printmaker and painter, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, in America, who studied at Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, New York, in 1965–6 with the architect Robert Reed, a former student of Joseph Albers. In 1967 Karshan worked at the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, under the direction of Jan van der Maarck; studied art history at the Sorbonne in Paris, 1967–8; read art history at the Slade School of Fine Art; and earned a master’s degree in humanistic psychology from Antioch University in 1983, the year she set up a studio in London. Group exhibitions included ASB Gallery, 1986; Runkel-Hue-Williams, 1990; and Grammercy Park Fair, New York, 1995. Had solo shows at Clarendon and ASB Galleries in 1984, later ones including Montgomery–Glasoe Fine Art, Minneapolis, 1995, Redfern Gallery (drawings), 1996, Sandra Gering Gallery, New York, 1997, Galerie Biedermann, Munich, 1999, Sir John Soane Museum, 2002, and Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge, 2003. British Museum and Staatliche Graphische Sammlung, Munich, hold examples. Linda KARSHAN 1947–

Painter, born and based in London, son of the art dealer John Kasmin. He studied at Chelsea School of Art, 1981–5. Kasmin’s works, some three-dimensional, employed delicate colours, scraping away and repainting, resulting in abstracts with landscape affinities. They showed “a debt to primitive, tribal art in its rawness and pattern-like qualities”, he wrote on the occasion of his solo show at Harriet Green Gallery in 1996. Other solo shows were at Gallery 24, 1987; Albemarle Gallery, 1988 and 1989; and Groucho Club, 1995. Group exhibitions included Artist of the Day, Angela Flowers, 1986; Cooling Gallery, 1992; and Small is Beautiful, Flowers East, 1993. Aaron KASMIN 1963–

Zofia KARŻEWSKA fl. from 1960s– Artist, born in Poland, who studied at Lausanne School of Art in Switzerland, the faculty of fine arts at Wilno University and at Warsaw Academy of Fine Arts. She exhibited in Warsaw, Cracow, Geneva and London, where she latterly lived.

John KASHDAN 1917–2001 Painter, draughtsman, printmaker and teacher, born in London. He early decided to be an artist, but had to leave school at 14 to work, attending evening classes at the Working Men’s Institute. Joined Royal Academy Schools, 1936–9, winning Gold Medal, Travelling Scholarship and many other scholarships. Rejected chance to study at Royal College of Art, preferring freedom of Royal Academy. From 1940, living in Cambridge, became friendly with Henry Moore, John Lehmann, Arthur Koestler and Wolf Mankowitz. Had solo show at Redfern Gallery, 1945. Jankel Adler introduced him to Robert

Versatile artist and teacher, known as Wolfe Cohen but using the family name Kassemoff professionally. He was born in New York, America, moving to England in 1917. Kassemoff studied at Leeds College of Art, 1929–33, and the Royal College of Art, 1933– 7. He was then employed by Barry Hart, in his London studio and later in Manchester, painting ceilings that showed the development of lighting. In 1938 he returned to London and was offered part-time teaching at Beckenham School of Art, staying until retirement in 1978. Kassemoff was a design school tutor at Beckenham; in 1962, when it and Bromley College of Art amalgamated, he moved to Bromley, joining fine art to establish a printmaking department; when in 1971 the new Ravensbourne College of Art, formerly Bromley, was re-established in Chislehurst, he abandoned printmaking for painting, being appointed head of Wolfe KASSEMOFF 1913–

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in painting, Slade School of Fine Art, 1996–8; and who attended London School of printing, professional photography practice, 1988. Eschewing the Western figurative narrative tradition, Katsuragi aspired to paint figures, faithful reproductions of what she envisaged rather than what was there, around which viewers must create their own story. Exhibitions included Donkey, Arcadian Centre, Birmingham, 1998; Global II, Addison Wesley Longman, Harlow, 1998–9; and Fin de Siècle, Riverside Studios, Standing on the Date Line, Sella Gallery, and Conversation Pieces, Hammerson plc, all 1999. There was a solo exhibition at Art First in 2001.

department, on the retirement of Thomas Freeth, in 1977. Alongside teaching, Kassemoff painted and was a designer and illustrator for books, magazines and exhibitions. He made his first sculptures, small metal figures, in 1958; for 10 years from 1962 he visited Alba, France, where with found objects he developed a second series of sculptures; from the early 1970s he favoured strongly geometric, abstract, painted forms. These were shown at the George Rodger Gallery, Maidstone, in 2000. Other exhibitions included paintings and drawings at the Railings Gallery, 1988. He lived in Beckenham, Kent. Yumi KATAYAMA 1955– Artist who graduated with

honours from Goldsmiths’ College, 1979–82, attending Central School of Art, 1983–4, and for a master’s degree the Royal College of Art, 1984– 6. There was a solo show at Creaser Gallery, 1987. Group appearances included One Hundred Years of the Royal College of Art, Barbican Art Gallery, 1988, and Acid Mix at Heritage Centre and East End Open Studios, based at Richmond House Studios, both 1989.

Elias KATZER 1910– Painter, illustrator and maker

of puppets, born into a middle-class family, who was educated in Berlin, Germany. Although he had some art lessons, he was substantially self-taught. Earned his living as an illustrator for newspapers and magazines in Prague, Czechoslovakia, in the late 1930s, then settled in north London. Was noted as an illustrator of children’s stories, but showed widely in London, on the continent and in America. Sometimes signed work KA–, alternatively with Cyril KATKOV 1905–1995 Painter, muralist, architect his full name. and icon expert, born in Moscow, Russia. He fled the revolution there in 1921, moving to Prague, Edward McKnight KAUFFER 1890–1954 Poster Czechoslovakia, for five years, where he studied designer who also did some textile and theatrical at the Academy of Fine Art and won first prize, in work, painted and illustrated books and magazines. 1925, for the design of the Cathedral of Ushgorod. Born in America at Great Falls, Montana, Kauffer Then went to Paris where he studied Byzantine art grew up in Evansville, Indiana, where was assistant at the Sorbonne, showing his own paintings. From scene painter in the opera house. His early training 1939 in Argentina continued to create murals and as a painter was in San Francisco and at the Art develop his own style of paintings in irregular Institute of Chicago, where he saw the controversial frames, shown in Oxford in 1962. From 1965 Armory Show of modern European art. A patron Katkov was advisor to the auctioneer Sotheby’s in assisted him to study in continental Europe where New York on icon restoration, while completing in Paris he was influenced by Van Gogh’s work. church work in Canada. In 1988 his paintings of Resolved to support himself by poster design, at Greenwich, southeast London, were included in the outbreak of World War I he had to flee to four-man show at Woodlands Art Gallery. Died in London where he associated with painters such as Harold Gilman and Charles Ginner and gained New York. commissions for the Underground Electric Camille KATSURAGI 1974– Painter of Japanese Railways Company. For the next quarter-century nationality, working in oil and mixed media on he was the main designer of posters for London canvas, who gained an honours degree in fine art Underground under Frank Pick’s patronage. Did from Coventry University, 1993–6; her master’s work for Roger Fry’s Omega Workshops, helped 11

to found Group X with Wyndham Lewis and early in the 1920s returned for a while to New York, where he designed for the Theatre Guild. Showed at Goupil Gallery, Arthur Tooth and Son and NEAC. Illustrated for periodicals such as Radio Times and Fanfare and books such as Arnold Bennett’s Elsie and the Child, 1929, T S Eliot’s Triumphal March, 1931, and Edgar Allan Poe’s Complete Poems and Stories, 1946. However, his reputation rests mainly on his outstanding contribution to modern British poster design, inspired by Cubism and Vorticism, working for such clients as Shell-Mex and BP, the General Post Office and Imperial Airways. His Soaring to Success – the Early Bird poster, used by the Daily Herald, epitomised Kauffer’s aspirations as a designer. After the outbreak of World War II Kauffer, who married the designer Marian Dorn, returned to New York. Victoria & Albert Museum travelling exhibition in 1973.

Impressionists. The rise of the Nazis in Germany and Austria prompted Kaufmann’s emigration to England in 1934, where he settled in St John’s Wood and became well-known as a portrayer of distinguished contemporaries. He showed at the RA Summer Exhibition, elsewhere in London and abroad; the National Portrait Gallery, Dudley Museum and Art Gallery and notable foreign collections hold examples. Died in London. The John Denham Gallery held a show in 2000.

Permindar KAUR 1965– Sculptor using a variety of

materials such as cloth, iron, fabric and steel, born in Nottingham. Obtained a degree in fine art from Sheffield City Polytechnic, 1986–9, with a master’s from Glasgow School of Art, 1990–2. Awards included a Visual Arts Grant from the British Council, 1994, and one from Banff Centre for the Arts, Calgary, 1995. Group shows included Starting Points, Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, 1991; Asian Arts Festival at Worcester City Art Gallery, 1993; Pat KAUFMAN 1950– Artist born in Chicago, Panfletos de Agri-cultura poster project organised Illinois, America, who worked in London from by Transformadors, Barcelona, 1994; Veins, 1987. She gained an honours degree in fine arts Galeria dels Angels, Barcelona, 1995; and British from Goldsmiths’ College, 1989. Group Art Show 4, and tour, 1995–6. Had a solo exhibition exhibitions included The Crypt, 1988; New Red Earth at Harris Museum & Art Gallery, Contemporaries, ICA, 1989; Flaxman Gallery and Preston, 1993, others including a series in Sweden, Whitechapel Open at Whitechapel Art Gallery, among them Hidden Witnesses, Galleri Amidol, both 1990; Victoria Miro Gallery, 1992; and Sweet Gothenburg, 1994. Home at Oriel Mostyn, Llandudno, and tour, 1994. Solo shows included Palazzo Ruini, Reggio Emilia, Jim KAVANAGH 1960– Painter of romantic Italy, and Flaxman Gallery, both 1991. Doris landscapes, born in east London, and teacher, who Lockhart-Saatchi Collection and Caldic Collection, gained a fine art honours degree at Middlesex University, majoring in painting and printmaking, Rotterdam, hold examples. 1981–5. Taught foundation at West Thames Philipp KAUFMANN 1866–1969 Painter of vibrantly College, but gave it up to paint full-time, being coloured landscapes, portraits and still life, born represented by Fine Art Promotions. Commissions in Vienna, Austria, son of the internationally known included five pictures for Planet Designs Ltd, 1995, painter of Jewish life and character Isidor five more for the VWJ Building, 1996. Group Kaufmann, who gave him his first tuition and took exhibitions included Gagliardi Gallery, 1993; him on extensive travels through Europe. Philipp Beatrice Royal Gallery, Eastleigh, 1995; and completed his training with Christian Griepenkerl Coombs Contemporary, 1997. Had a solo show at the Vienna Academy and with Hermann Strück with Black Bull Gallery, 1992, later ones including in Munich, followed by studies in Paris. In Lamont Gallery, 1997. Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark and Sweden Kaufmann encountered influences ranging from John F KAVANAGH 1903–1984 Portrait sculptor, born the Flemish primitives to the French in Birr, King’s County, Ireland. He studied at 12

Liverpool School of Art, 1920–1, winning a scholarship to the Royal College of Art in 1925. He studied there, 1925–30, under Henry Moore, winning the Rome Scholarship in sculpture in 1930, living at British School in Rome, 1930–3. While teaching at Leeds College of Art, 1934–9, was made a member of RBS in 1935. Kavanagh’s bronze Russian Peasant is held by Tate Gallery and his sensitive Wanda Tiburzzi is illustrated in the volume RBS: Modern British Sculpture, published in 1939. Notable among Kavanagh’s public sculpture are the corner figures and reliefs for Walthamstow Town Hall. In 1951 he was appointed senior lecturer at Elam Fine Art School at New Zealand’s Auckland University. Showed at RA and RHA.

Architect, sculptor and teacher, born in Manchuria, Japan, who graduated as a Bachelor of Architecture, Waseda University, Tokyo, 1969, and Master of Town Planning, 1976. Kawakami, a member of RIBA, from 1972–85 was in the architects’ department of the London Borough of Camden, teaching at the Architectural Association School from 1982–94. He was an external examiner, North London University, 1988–94, and at East London University from 2001. Among his design consultancies was the Tokyo Opera House, 1987–90, for TAK Associated Architects Inc.; Japanese ambassador’s residence, London, 1989–94; Marunouchi District for Mitsibishi Estate, 1997–02; and from 2001 Kyoto Imperial Guest House for Nikken Sekkei. Kawakami was self-taught as an artist, producing sculptural works of great elegance. These were mostly sited in Japan, and included Ocean, Long Term Credit Bank, Hibiya, 1993; Air Dance, Tokyo Opera City, Shinjuku, and Belvedere Setoda, Setoda Biennale, Hiroshima, both 1996; Optical Tower, Hitachi System Park, Hakata, 1997; and Flame Dance, Yokohama International Stadium (2002 World Cup Stadium), 1998. In England, Kawakami’s Sky Dance was unveiled at the Royal Air Force Museum, Hendon, in 2003. It was followed by his Mirage, a hanging sculpture of mirrored stainless steel discs hung from wires,

suspended among trees in Kielder Water Forest Park, Northumberland, in 2004. Among Kawakami’s many awards were first prize, with TAK Associated Architects, at the Tokyo Museum of Contemporary Art, the Koriyama City Museum of Art, Fukushima, and Mitaka City Art Centre, Tokyo, 1989. His solo exhibitions included Architectural Association School, 1981 and 1986; Glasgow School of Art, 1981; Contemporary Sculpture Centre, Tokyo, 1986, 1995 and 2001; and Graham Foundation, Chicago, America, and Columbia University, New York, both 1998. Kawakami listed “plus-minus, light and shadow, wrapping light and weaving shadows, in tune with nature, and synergy: art, architecture and landscape” as key themes running through his work. Lived in London.

Kisa KAWAKAMI 1945–

Sculptor in various materials, born in Wilno, Poland. He served with the Polish forces in France and the Middle East, then as a fighter pilot with the Royal Air Force. Studied sculpture in Poland and Romania and after World War II at Nottingham University College and College of Art, where he became a visiting teacher. From 1951 he was a freelance sculptor, with well over 100 solo exhibitions in England. Kawalec’s work was both figurative and abstract, notable for its spiritual intensity. He was a member of Free Painters and Sculptors, Exeter Art Society and the Kenn Group. Among venues shown at were Castle Museum, Nottingham; RA; Drian Galleries; Edinburgh Festival; and abroad. Kawalec was appointed sculptor to St Christopher’s Hospice, Sydenham. He settled at Barnstaple Cross, Crediton, Devon, where there was a permanent display of his work at Dewsmoor Art. Witold Gracjan KAWALEC 1922–2004

Bernard KAY 1927– Painter, printmaker and teacher,

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born in Southport, Lancashire, who attended Liverpool College of Art, 1943–6; Royal Academy Schools, 1947–8; then gained a French Government Scholarship, with Johnny Friedlander/Atelier Friedlander/Academy Ranson, all 1954–5. He taught briefly at Southport School of Art, then 1950–2 at Wimbledon School of Art,

8. She taught part-time at Queen Elizabeth’s School, High Barnet. Kay was based at Wapping Studios and participated in 55 Wapping Artists, 1979; Whitechapel Open Exhibition, 1980; and Wapping Artists Open Studios, 1982, in which her large oil on canvas Punk in Soho 1982 was shown.

Birmingham School of Art, 1959–62. Group shows included Preston, Southport and Bradford municipal art galleries from 1940; St George’s Gallery, 1956–63; and Editions Alecto, from 1963. Kay exhibited with Roland, Browse and Delbanco from 1957–70, having solo shows there in 1960 and 1962. The Print Club of Philadelphia (International Purchase Prize); Museum of Modern Art, New York; Victoria & Albert Museum; Seattle Museum of Modern Art; British Council; and other public collections hold both paintings and prints by Kay. He lived for many years in London, latterly in Oundle, Northamptonshire.

Painter, designer and illustrator, who early showed promise as an artist and who was awarded her National Diploma in Design and art teacher’s certificate, attending Croydon School of Art. Kay pursued a chequered career. During the 1960s she worked for The Fine Art Gallery in Devonshire Street, her tinted etchings, maps and other works on paper being known in the trade as “Muriels”, because of bright colours she favoured. Kay additionally worked as publicity co-designer for organisations such as British Rail and the Festival of Britain; designed graphic educational material for use in schools, greetings cards and illustrated children’s books; and latterly produced striking montages of bird and animal life and became interested in stained glass. She also carried out many commissions for landscapes, showed widely in London galleries and held frequent solo exhibitions. Duncan Campbell latterly offered her work.

Muriel KAY 1919-1998

Bob KAY 1907–1994 Painter who was born and bred

in the Manchester area who worked first as an electrical engineer, later as an industrial designer. Even while serving in the Middle East with the Royal Air Force Kay continually sketched and painted. In the 1940s he was a member of Manchester Art Society, later joining and becoming patron of Manchester Graphic Club. Engineering equipment and dockyard scenes around the Manchester Ship Canal, trains and the city’s back streets, many since demolished, were favourite subjects, as shown in a memorial exhibition at Salford Museum and Art Gallery, 1996.

Figurative artist who studied at Wimbledon School of Art, 1987–8; Glasgow School of Art, 1988–91; and with Maggi Hambling, Morley College, 1995–7. Also studied filmmaking, ceramics and sculpture. She gained an Elizabeth Greenshields Award; a Glasgow Film and Video Production Award, 1992; and was commended in the BP Portrait Award Exhibition, 1994. Varied film work, between 1991–3, included Voyeurs, Persuasion and The Patient. In 1990, Kay was commissioned to paint the Wimbledon football team after it won the Football Association cup in 1987. Solo exhibitions included Drawings from Life, Gallery M, 1997, and Chisenhale Gallery, 2001.

Nora KAY fl. from 1930s– Artist, designer, potter and

Emma KAY 1968–

teacher, working in a wide variety of media. After Wycombe High School she studied at St Martin’s School of Art, where she also taught, and Royal College of Art, teachers including Ernest Tristram and Eric Ravilious. London Transport, book and ephemera publishers used her designs and she also produced children’s books. Kay was a member of the Chartered Society of Designers and exhibited with NEAC, RBA and elsewhere. Lived for many years in Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire.

Painter and draughtsman – notably still life and portraits – designer, illustrator, teacher and writer on art, born in Isle of Sheppey, Kent. She studied for four years at Canterbury Mary KAY 1954– Painter and teacher, born in College of Art under Christopher Alexander, Alec London, who attended Bath Academy of Art, Vickerman and Eric Hurren, while working partCorsham, 1973–7, and Goldsmiths’ College, 1977– time for two years as studio assistant to John Ward Pamela KAY 1939–

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(she was the model for his illustrations for Laurie Lee’s Cider with Rosie). While at Canterbury she exhibited at RA in 1960. Concentrated also on textile design, winning a Sanderson wallpaper competition and having work shown at the Design Centre, and studied design at Royal College of Art for three years. After graduation she launched a freelance practice, producing paper and fabric designs. In mid-1970s, after marriage and children, Kay resumed painting and was eventually elected to RWS, RBA and NEAC. She had a series of solo shows, galleries including Medici, Chris Beetles, Catto and Richard Hagen in Broadway. FantinLatour, Chardin and Ingres were key influences. Taught part-time at School of Architecture, Canterbury, and wrote for Leisure Painter magazine. From 1988 Kay illustrated books, notably for children. Lived in Cliftonville, Kent.

auction in 1998.

Designer, collagist and teacher, born in Yorkshire. She trained at Croydon College of Art, where she studied textile design and stained glass. From 1937 she started a 38-year teaching career and began to show her collages. Exhibited around England, notably at Roland, Browse & Delbanco, and shared a show at Canon Gallery, Chichester, in 1991. In retirement continued to experiment with new techniques and materials, her work mixing reality and abstraction.

Margaret KAYE 1912–

Mary KAYE: see Mary WOODS

Mary Margaret (Mollie) KAYE 1908–2004 Writer and

Painter in oil and watercolour; teacher of art and crafts. Born in Glasgow, daughter of the artist James Kay, she studied at Glasgow School of Art, 1931–3, under William Somerville Shanks and W O Hutchison. Exhibited RSW, of which she was made a member shortly after World War II, during which she did war work, Paisley Institute, RSA and Glasgow Lady Artists’ Club. She joined in 1935 and won its Lauder Award in 1948. The Pilgrim Trust and Paisley Corporation bought her work. Lived at Garelochhead, Dunbartonshire, but died in Helensburgh. Violet MacNeish KAY 1914–1971

Marcus M KAYE 1898–1984 Sculptor, who gained a

first-class degree in mechanical engineering at Cambridge University, simultaneously studying at Cambridge Municipal Art School, 1919–22. On graduating, Kaye joined Shell-Mex to specialize in industrial lubricants, staying until retirement. From 1927–30 Kaye studied with Bernard Meninsky at Westminster Art School. Showed regularly, notably with SPS, NS and at Summer Salon. Among his many commissioned works were a portrait sculpture for the Royal Air Force Club of Sir Barnes Wallis, inventor of the bouncing bomb, which breached the Ruhr dams in World War II. Phillips sold several of Kaye’s works at

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artist, whose 1978 romance of the sub-continent in the nineteenth century The Far Pavilions became a best-selling novel and popular television series. Kaye was a daughter of the Raj, born in Simla, daughter of Sir Cecil Kaye, an Indian civil servant. She was educated at The Lawn School, Clevedon, Somerset, but returned to India in the 1920s when her retired father was called back to help with the revision of the Aitchison treaties. There, she enjoyed a vibrant social life. When her father died in 1935 the unmarried Kaye returned to England and from a tiny flat in Chelsea tried to make an income from selling pictures of India. When this proved unrealistic she wrote for children, from 1937, as Mollie Kaye, producing a number of books in the Potter Pinner series. With the revenues Kaye returned to her beloved India, staying with her sister and meeting Goff Hamilton (later MajorGeneral G J Hamilton), whom she subsequently married (she also wrote as Mollie Hamilton). Kaye combined the life of officer’s wife and author, writing suspense novels, the first having appeared in 1940, Six Bars at Seven; she also wrote historical books, the first being Shadow of the Moon, 1957; and later added books for children: The Ordinary Princess, 1980, and Thistledown, 1981. Her husband retired in 1967 and they settled in Battle, Sussex. Three volumes of autobiography, The Sun in the Morning, Golden Afternoon and Enchanted Evening, appeared in 1990, 1997 and 1999. Kaye painted all her life, carting her easel around India,

illustrating a number of children’s books in the 1950s and the jacket of The Sun in the Morning.

the Grosvenor School of Art and Cubism. She was one of six children of wealthy German coffee merchants, her correct name Elisabeth Johanna Maria Kuhn (during World War I the surname was changed to Kean). Although her family did not think being a painter was compatible with her social background and although she was crippled when young, Cissie determined to devote her life to painting, studying in Paris for several years, awarded a medal at L’Académie Julian, 1906. After the war she travelled in Europe and Brazil, where a brother lived, meticulously recording views in sketch-books, later completing finished watercolours and paintings. Her friends around this time were the artists Frances Hodgkins, Bertha Johnson and Lila Sampson. She showed at the NEAC, 1921–2, also at the Three Arts Club. In the later 1920s Kean again studied in Paris, with André Lhote and in Fernand Léger’s atelier, where her interest in painting in oils and in Cubism was intensified. She set up a studio in London, travelling between the two capitals. After she died, unmarried, Kean’s exuberantly colourful pictures remained unseen for almost 40 years, until shows at Whitford Fine Art in 1999 and 2002.

Tony KAYE 1952– Conceptual artist and commercial

film-maker, born in London. After a one-year course at St Albans School of Art, 1967–8, Kaye was a messenger boy at Horney Blowcox Freeman Advertising and John Camp Studios, 1969, did a two-year graphic design course at Medway School of Design, 1970–2, in 1973 painting as a fine artist and travelling abroad. In 1991 Kaye moved to Los Angeles, California, to set up Tony Kaye Films Inc, a re-emergence of The Wandering Jew, which he had run briefly in 1983. Since the early 1970s he had held a series of designing and art direction posts in England with various organisations, including being art director of Collett Dickenson Pearce, 1978–81. Kaye’s list of international advertising awards from the early-1980s ran into several hundreds, including many golds, ranging from the Channel 4 Award for the Best Commercial in the United Kingdom in 1986 to the British Television Awards Lifetime Achievement Award, 1997. Alongside his advertising work, Kaye pursued a vigorous career as a conceptual and fine artist at museums and alternative exhibition spaces in Europe and America in which he took “issues of widespread social concern – and hypocrisy – reframing them into new formats.” Such was their shock value (they covered issues such as domestic violence, racism, homelessness and prejudice) that they elicited strong responses. Roger, a London tramp, was exhibited in and in front of such institutions as the Tate Gallery, National Gallery in Washington, The Louvre, Paris, and San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. With Don’t be Scared, held in a Los Angeles hotel and an abandoned warehouse in London, Kaye presented an installation of four naked women and men living with Aids. For several years Kaye was immersed in a multimedia project addressing the topic of abortion. Kaye set up his own large art gallery in Los Angeles. In 1997, he was the subject of a Channel 4 Television Arthouse programme.

Painter who graduated in fine art, painting, from Crawford College of Art, Cork, Ireland, gaining his master’s at the University of Ulster in 2000. His work was often gestural and abstracted, the effect of light on seascapes and landscapes being important. He showed nationally and internationally, having a shared exhibition with Nicholas May at the Lead White Gallery, Dublin, in 2003.

Alan KEANE 1972–

John KEANE 1954– Painter and printmaker, born in

Hertfordshire. He studied at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1972–6. Keane was artist-inresidence at Whitefield School, 1985–6; completed a screenprint for Greenpeace, 1988; had a commissioned exhibition about Ollerton mining community for Nottinghamshire County Council, 1990–1; and a set of murals was painted for Salsa Celestina, Palace Theatre, Watford, 1993. He Cissie KEAN 1871–1961 Painter of independent became popularly known as the result of his means, born and died in London, influenced by commission by Imperial War Museum in 1991 to 16

cover the Gulf War as an official artist with the British Army. The pictures were shown in 1992 at the Museum, which acquired Mickey Mouse at the Front. Keane’s many group appearances included Whitechapel Open from 1983; Artists Against Apartheid, Royal Festival Hall, 1986; Chicago Art Fair, 1987; Silkesborg Kunstmuseum, Copenhagen, 1988; and Lannon Cole Gallery, Chicago, 1991. After a solo show at Minsky’s Gallery, 1980, he exhibited frequently in Britain and abroad, with Angela Flowers Gallery/Flowers East from 1985. In 2000, Keane joined Greenpeace International’s ship Amazon Guardian to witness the start of a long campaign against illegal logging in Brazil, Flowers East showing the resulting pictures in 2001. Back to Fundamentals, at Flowers East, was a 20-year retrospective for the artist and John Keane – The Inconvenience of History, a show at the London Institute, both taking place in 2004. Contemporary Art Society, provincial galleries and The Detroit Institute of Fine Art hold examples.

Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. Keany had a series of solo shows at Loomshop Gallery, Lower Largo, from 1976 and one at Fair Maid’s House Gallery, Perth, 1987. The artist was commissioned to design a large tapestry for The Carnegie Trust, Dunfermline, in 1986, which involved lengthy weaving. Glen Pirie’s The Kingdom of Fife included his work, which is in collections in Britain and abroad. Keany was commissioned by Velux UK to paint one of the fiftieth anniversary series it sponsored from each country in which it operated.

In 1985 Kearney graduated from Limerick School of Art, in Ireland, taking his master’s in sculpture at Chelsea College of Art in 1991. He showed at the Serpentine Gallery, where he won the Barclay’s Bank Young Artist Award. Kearney worked mainly through installations, which were as much about light and sound as the physical objects, as well as employing photography and sculpture. Sensuality, eroticism, mortality, menace and the boundary between the frail self and the surrounding world were key themes. Later exhibitions included the Lead White Gallery, Dublin, in 2003.

Andrew KEARNEY 1962–

Film and video artist, born in London, who studied at Hammersmith College of Art, 1967–70, and at Sir John Cass School of Art. Took part in extensive number of international film festivals. Was included in Women’s Own at ICA, 1980; had a five-year retrospective at Third Eye Centre, Glasgow, 1982; video performance Bedtime Story was staged at St Paul’s Gallery, Leeds, 1983; Circus Diver was put on at Spectrocolour Screen, Piccadilly, 1989; in 1990 was included in Signs of the Times at Museum of Modern Art, Oxford; and in 1996 in Freezeframe at Lamont Gallery. Keane’s Ghost Train was shown at Transit Space in 2002. Tina KEANE 1946–

Painter, printmaker and teacher, born and lived in Glasgow, where he was a leading member of the Art Club. Kearney studied at Glasgow School of Art, 1957–61, teachers including Philip Reeves and John Miller. Exhibited at Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, RP and RSA. Solo shows included Ewan Mundy Fine Art. Glasgow Museums and Art Galleries holds his work.

Joseph KEARNEY 1939–

Painter and teacher, born in Birkenhead, Cheshire. After attending the Brian KEANY 1945– Artist in oil, acrylic and Birkenhead Institute he studied at Liverpool watercolour, and teacher, born in Forfar, Tayside. College of Art, 1933–8, then Central School of He attended Edinburgh College of Art, 1963–7, Arts and Crafts, teachers including Bernard teachers including William Gillies, Robin Meninsky, 1946–7. In 1958 he gained a Liverpool Philipson, John Houston, Elizabeth Blackadder Council for Education travel award. Keates was a and William J L Baillie. Keany went on to teach principal lecturer at Liverpool Polytechnic until art and design in the Fife region, settling in 1978. He was a member of the Liverpool Academy, Glenrothes. He was elected a member of RSW in also exhibiting at Free Painters and Sculptors, 1977. Mixed shows included RSA and Royal Manchester City Art Gallery, with Arts Council, John KEATES 1915–1992

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Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and elsewhere in the north of England. Had several one-man shows in 1960s. Walker Art Gallery and Southport’s Atkinson Art Gallery hold examples. Lived in Southport, Lancashire.

fetch record prices. Lived in Dedham, Essex.

Printmaker, born and lived in London, who gained an honours degree in fine art followed by postgraduate printmaking studies, attending Harrow School of Art, 1977–9, Wimbledon School of Art, 1979–84, then West Thames College, 1994. She was made a fellow of the Printmakers’ Council in 1985. For a time she was a visiting artist at Wimbledon School of Art. Took part in numerous group exhibitions, including Stowells Trophy at RA, 1981; ROI at Mall Galleries, 1983; Open Exhibition at RE, from 1984; Royal Festival Hall, from 1986; Five Printmakers, National Theatre and Korean Gallery in Chicago, both 1989; Chelsea Arts Club Centenary, Smiths Galleries, 1991–2; and Battersea Contemporary Art Fair, 1993. Solo exhibitions include two at Ben Uri Art Society, which holds her work, 1987 and 1990, work in other collections including London University Institute of Education, Curwen Archives and Scarborough Art Gallery. Bomberg and the Slade were noted as influences.

Helen KEATS 1947–

Figure, portrait and landscape painter, born in Limerick, Ireland, where he received his first art training. Studied at the Dublin Metropolitan School of Art; won the Taylor Scholarship; then worked with William Orpen in London until 1916. Returned to Ireland, the base for most of his painting career. Exhibited RA, RSA, RHA – he was made an Hon. RA and Hon. RSA – Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. Became president of the RHA for a time. Is represented in many public collections in Ireland and overseas. Lived in Dublin, where he was professor of anatomy at the National College of Art. He sometimes used the alternatives Séan and Céitinn. John KEATING 1889–1977

Séan KEATING: see John KEATING

Tom KEATING 1917–1984 Painter, draughtsman, restorer who gained notoriety as a faker/copyist of artists ranging from Rembrandt and Rubens to Constantin Guys and Degas, and especially Samuel Palmer. Born in London into poverty, Keating left school at 14 to become a house painter, yet nurtured a desire to paint. Invalided out of the Royal Navy, he eventually obtained a grant to study art at Goldsmiths’ College, but failed his final diploma. Keating became a restorer, working on the epic frescoes at Marlborough House, perfecting his knowledge of style and technique. The sale of a batch of Keating fakes in a country auction room in the mid-1970s led to his exposure and a book about him and he was tried at the Old Bailey in 1978. But the case was dismissed when Keating had a motor cycle accident and was found to have a serious heart complaint. Keating became an art celebrity as the man who had fooled the experts, and a folk hero. He made two television series, had a successful exhibition of his own work at the Barbican and his work’s value rose. After his death Keating’s copies of famous pictures continued to

Painter in oil who studied at Dundee College of Art, 1930–7, under James McIntosh Patrick, then with James Cowie at Patrick Allan-Fraser School of Art, Hospitalfield, Arbroath, 1937–8. Keay exhibited RSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, SSA, RBSA and elsewhere. Lived in Dundee, Angus. Harry KEAY 1914–

John E KEAY 1907– Artist, designer and illustrator,

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born in Birmingham. He attended the School of Art there on a scholarship for four years from the age of 13, did a two-year course in London and was then apprenticed to a Birmingham studio. Joined a studio in Toronto, Canada, drawing as a commercial artist and illustrator for magazines, in 1945 moving to New York, America, for similar work. Returned to England in 1962 and set up a studio in Chiswick, operating through Thompson Artists and Linden Artists. Keay’s extensive client list included RCA, Listerine, Goodyear, Guinness and Black & Decker. The Kew Gardens dealer Peter Bennett handled the work of Keay, who in the late 1990s entered a nursing home.

Christopher KEAYS 1937– Landscape and townscape

Mary’s School.

painter in oil, born in Caterham, Surrey. Keays studied at Wimbledon School of Art, 1957–60, including sculpture with Elisabeth Frink; Chelsea School of Art, 1960, with painting tuition from Robert Buhler and Ruskin Spear; and the Royal Academy Schools, 1962–6, under Peter Greenham and Charles Mahoney. Keays was an associate of the ROI and the RA Summer Exhibition and Piano Nobile were among exhibiting venues. Lived in London.

Laurence KEEBLE 1916–2004 Versatile artist, teacher

and editor, who attended Croydon School of Art, 1932–5, and the Slade School of Fine Art, 1935– 8, under Randolph Schwabe. Keeble became a visiting instructor at Croydon College of Art, HM Borstal Reception Centre and Latchmere House, also a panel lecturer in art for the Surrey Education Committee and Hammersmith College of Art and Building. He otherwise had a varied career, in 1938 being involved with the Glasgow Empire Exhibition; engaged on film special effects for Ealing Studios, 1939–40; and producing pictorial maps and other art work for the Imperial War Museum, 1948–54. Keeble carried out a range of illustration, design and pictorial presentation schemes for a variety of clients, including Everybody’s Weekly; Central Office of Information; Union of South Africa Centenary Exhibition; BOAC; British Industries Fair, Smithfield Show; Harold Fielding Enterprises; London Chamber of Commerce, Festival of Britain; British Railways, and others. Keeble was also co-founder and editor of the magazine Tradition.

V KEBBELL fl. c.1915–1955 Painter and draughtsman whose full name was William Francis Vere Kebbell. He studied at Byam Shaw and Vicat Cole School of Art. Was a portrait specialist and a member of PS, where he exhibited, also at RA, ROI, IS and Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. Lived in London.

Artist and teacher, whose work included constructions in various materials, including pigment. He did a foundation course at Ipswich School of Art, 1975–7; gained an honours degree in fine art at Camberwell School of Art, 1977–80; then did postgraduate studies at Brighton Polytechnic in art and design, 1982–3. In 1982 gained a Lloyds sponsorship to study southwest America and Mexican Indian reservations. Held a series of lectureships from 1980, latterly including Croydon College, 1986; Southend College, 1987; and Tresham Institute, Kettering, from 1988. Group exhibitions included South London Gallery, 1980; Alfred East Gallery, Kettering, 1986; David Holmes Gallery, Peterborough, 1992; and The Table Studio Group, The Living Room, 1996. Solo exhibitions included Sutton Place Heritage Trust, 1986, and Green Dragon, Brigstock, 1993. Lived in Kettering, Northamptonshire. Graham KEDDIE 1958–

Painter and teacher, born in Bridlington, Yorkshire. After private education he attended Birmingham College of Arts and Crafts, 1924–9, his teachers including B J Fletcher. Did book illustrations, especially of birds. Showed in the Birmingham area and lived at Walsall, Staffordshire, where he taught art at Queen

Arnold KEEFE 1911– Artist in oil, watercolour and

Eric James KEDWARDS 1905–

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egg tempera, and teacher, born in London, who studied at Chelsea School of Art, 1928–30, and Royal College of Art, 1930–4, teachers including Eric Ravilious, Edward Bawden, Malcolm Osborne, Percy Jowett, M C Oliver and Graham Sutherland for etching. Was art master at Battersea Grammar School; senior lecturer in art and craft at Wandsworth and Hampton Colleges of Education; head of department of graduate art teacher training at Goldsmiths’ College of Art; then district inspector of art for Inner London Education Authority. He also lectured in adult institutes and was a university examiner. Was a member of Reigate Society of Artists and Royal College of Art Society, showing at RA, NEAC, RP and UA. Had a retrospective show in Woking, 1980, with a solo exhibition at Westcott Gallery, Surrey, 1990. His portrait commissions included the chairmen of Thermos Ltd and Mercantile Marine Credit Company. Lived in Wotton, Abinger Hammer,

Pegaret KEELING: see Pegaret ANTHONY

Surrey.

Felicity KEEFE 1967– Painter, born in Exeter, Devon, who created abstract paintings that were described as “both dramatic and elemental.” She shared an exhibition with Ione Parkin at Six Chapel Row Contemporary Art, Bath, in 2004. Keefe did a foundation art course at South Devon College, 1983–5; graduated with honours from the University of Brighton, 1985–8; and gained an art teacher’s certificate from City of Bath College, 1996–7. She had a residency at Brighton Marina Arts Complex and completed a mural The Sea The Sea for Brighton Council, 1993, Elizabeth Arden commissioning two paintings, Sunflowers, in 1994. Group exhibitions included The Genolac Arts Festival, Genolac, France, 1995; Ariel Centre, Totnes, 1998; Winter Ritual, Houseroom Contemporary Art, Bath, 2003; and Exeter Phoenix Gallery, Devon, 2004. Keefe had a solo exhibition at First Light Gallery, Brighton, in 1994. Ernst & Young, Midland Bank Plc and West Sussex Health Trust hold her work.

Anna KEEN 1968– Artist of British and French nationality who gained a diploma with distinction at L’École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts (Atelier Carron), Paris, in 1992. Her prizes included Paul-Louis Weiller, Institut de France, Portrait Prize, and Grand Palais, Salon des Artistes Français, Prize with Distinction, both 1991; Fould Stirbey, Institut de France, Third Prize, 1992; PaulLouis Weiller, Institut de France, Painting Prize, 1995; XXIV Premio Sulmona, Second Prize, 1997; and Premio Morlotti-Imbersago, Second Prize, 1999. Keen took part in many group shows in France and Italy and exhibited with Davies & Tooth, Art2000, Business Design Centre, Islington, 2000. Solo shows included Viaggio in Italia, Galleria Jannone, Milan, Italy, in 1999. Geoffrey KEEN 1962– Gestural abstract painter, born

in Bristol. He studied at the Polytechnic there, 1985–6, then Humberside College of Higher Education, 1986–9. In 1989 showed in winter exhibition at Ferens Art Gallery, Hull, and in Rita KEEGAN 1949– Artist in a wide range of media, European Art Schools Biennale, Antwerp. His lecturer and administrator, in America born in the canvas Inner City was included in John Moores Bronx where she attended the New York City High Liverpool Exhibition, 1989–90. Lived in Hull, School of Art & Design, 1964–7, gaining a degree Yorkshire. in fashion illustration and costume design; obtained a diploma in early childhood development from Simon KEENLEYSIDE 1975– Painter, born in Essex, Bronx Community College, 1968–9; then a fine who did art and design foundation studies at arts degree from San Francisco Arts Institute, Southend College of Arts & Technology, 1994–5; 1969–72. Lived in England from 1979, settling in gained and honours degree in fine art painting from London, where she lectured in historical and Brighton University, 1997–00; and his master’s in cultural studies at Goldsmiths’ College from 1995, painting from the Royal College of Art, 2000–02. having from 1988–92 co-ordinated the Women Keenleyside was included in the inaugural Artists Slide Library, from 1992–4 being director, Bowieart exhibition BLOC at the County Hall African and Asian Visual Artists Archive. Keegan Gallery in 2005. Earlier group shows had included said that in “exploring issues of identity and Vertigo Gallery, 2001; The Commodity Show, The representation, the use of family narrative and Loading Bay Gallery, The Old Truman Brewery, autobiography featured strongly in my work.” 2002; The Drawing Room, The Union, 2003; and Exhibitions included Women’s Work, Brixton Lexmark European Final, Triannale di Milano, Artists’ Gallery, 1983–6; Trophies of Empire, Milan, Italy, 2004. Among his later solo exhibitions Bluecoat Gallery, Liverpool, and tour, 1992; Time were Scope Miami, The Leisure Club Mogadishni, Museum, British Museum, 1994–5; also showing Miami, Florida, America, 2004, and Heaven in a Wild Flower, Long & Ryle, 2005. with 198 Gallery. 20

Walter Monckton KEESEY 1887–1970 Painter, Mixed shows included Browse & Darby, LG, printmaker, teacher and architect, born in Croydon, Leicester Galleries, RA and RWS. Had a series of Surrey. Studied at Royal College of Art, where he solo exhibitions at AIA Gallery from 1965, New finished in 1911. From 1913 was art master at the Grafton Gallery from 1979 and Barbican Centre, Architectural Association for a dozen years, apart 1994, where landscapes of Iceland, a favourite from a period in Royal Engineers during World subject, were featured. Iceland Embassy, Nuffield War I, winning the Military Cross. Keesey was a Foundation and Westminster School hold banknote and exhibition designer. Chelsea Arts examples. Club member. Exhibited RA, RE, RSA and Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. Lived in Edgbaston, Sam KEIL 1965– Figurative-Expressionist sculptor in bronze, whose work was inspired by classical Birmingham, and later in Cheltenham. dance and music, to which she worked, and the Richard KEETON 1948– Painter, printmaker and horse. She graduated with first-class honours from teacher, born in Sheffield, Yorkshire, who the City and Guilds Art School in 1991, where she concentrated on painting at the College of Art there won the Best Sculpture Award. She also gained a and then printmaking at the Royal College of Art, first prize in the Madame Tussaud Sculpture during that time spending three months studying Competition and The Beckworth Travel in Paris. After several years teaching printmaking Scholarship. After graduating, Keil worked in the in Buckinghamshire, in 1980 he set up an etching scenery departments of leading theatre companies studio in Derbyshire, publishing his own work and in Canada and America. She exhibited throughout finding a renewed interest in watercolour through Britain and North America and had a solo show at landscapes of the Peak District. Took part in mixed The Catto Gallery in 1997. exhibitions in Britain and America, receiving an East Midlands Arts Association Purchase Award Bridget KEIR 1883–1954 Prolific watercolourist, born in 1982 and a prize at the RWS Open Exhibition in London, daughter of an Army officer and cousin in 1997. Wakefield Art Gallery; Graphotek in of the artists G A and A D Fripp. She began drawing Berlin, Germany; Derby City Hospital; Rank and painting early; was educated in London, Paris Xerox and many private collections hold examples. and Boulogne; and was recommended for painting Gascoigne Gallery, Harrogate, showed Keeton’s lessons to Claude Hayes, 1905. During 1911–13 Keir spent part of each year in Italy and she was work at the Affordable Art Fair in 2006. especially fond of Venice, where she was taken up Moy KEIGHTLEY 1927– Painter, notably a by the painter Clara Montalba. In 1913 she held watercolourist, draughtsman and teacher, who her first London show, The Lagoons of Venice, studied at Chelsea School of Art, where she was spent six months in Egypt painting and had an awarded the Morland Lewis Travelling exhibition in Paris at Galerie Georges Petit, 1914. Scholarship. Keightley participated in the 1955 During World War I Keir was in a concert party Daily Express Young Artists’ Exhibition at The raising money for war hospitals, in 1917 spent New Burlington Galleries, showing the oil Rear some months drawing at Heatherley’s School of Window, Holborn. Went on to teach at Central St Fine Art and began her Thames series. After the Martins College of Art & Design, was a tutor with war she took a studio in Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, the Open College of the Arts in 1988 and a which remained her base although she travelled consultant to the BBC Television series Look, Look extensively. Mixed shows included SWA as a and Look Again. Keightley said that her interest member, also RSW, RI, RHA, RSA, Royal lay “in reconciling representation and abstraction Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and Dudley … The balance of marks and nuances of tone, Gallery and she had a series of solo exhibitions at colour and edge become critical in order to establish Walker’s Galleries. After a period in Onslow poetic qualities beyond topographical identity.” Square Keir was moved to a nursing home in 21

Surbiton in June 1954, where she died. Queen Mary and Haagache Post. Her own illustrated book was among owners of her pictures. Eastern Windows. An artist’s notes of travel in Japan, Hokkaido, Korea, China and the Harry KEIR 1902–1977 Painter and draughtsman, Philippines appeared in 1928. The British Museum based in Glasgow, who left school at 14 to become and foreign public collections in America, Canada a house painter and signwriter, attending evening and Sweden hold examples. For a time her home classes at the School of Art. He painted the base was St John’s Wood, north London. working-class areas of the city in sombre style and also sketched gypsies and travellers. Keir made Isabella KELENY 1914– Painter born in Woking, illustrations for Edward Gaitens’ Gorbal Novels, Surrey. Brought up in Huntingdon, she was mainly recording a fast-disappearing aspect of the city. self-taught as an artist, although she did attend Showed at RSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the schools part-time in Hampshire and Wiltshire. Fine Arts and elsewhere. He is featured in the Showed at RI, SWA and NS and lived in London. sculptor Benno Schotz’s autobiography Bronze in my Blood. The People’s Palace and Kelvingrove Charlotte KELL 1944–2006 Artist in various media, and poet. She studied at Berkeley University, Art Gallery in Glasgow hold Keir’s work. California, then in England graduated with honours Aileen KEITH 1953– Sculptor, draughtsman and in English literature and classics in translation, teacher, born in Johnstone, Renfrewshire. She North London University, 1980, further studies studied at the Edinburgh College of Art, 1972–5, including a postgraduate certificate in education, sculpture and drawing, 1978–80, working in Italy, English and drama at Roehampton Institute, 1982, 1975–77. Keith taught at the College, part-time, and a certificate in early childhood education at from 1981. In 1984 she became a member of the Froebel College, 1991. She settled in London, a Federation of Scottish Sculptors. Keith employed member of The Society of Fulham Artists. Kell various objects to create her work, producing took part in many group shows, later ones including drawings in tandem, in her exploration of memory. Foss Fine Art, 2001, and The Masbro Centre, 2002. In this she was “making sense of the present by Among later solo exhibitions were Drey Gallery, considering the past.” She took part in many group mostly art boxes and oil pastels, 1991; M Bate & shows, solo exhibitions including Collective Co, collages and small stone sculptures, 1993; Gallery, Edinburgh, and Robson Gallery, Books for Children, collages and outdoor portrait photographs, 1994; with another show there, 1996. Halliwell’s House, Selkirk, both 1993. The critic Max Wykes-Joyce produced a book on Elizabeth KEITH 1887–1956 Landscape and figure Kell’s work, Collages Art Boxes and Sculpture, in artist whose work included colour woodcuts, 2002. including Far Eastern subjects as offered by Abbott and Holder in 2004, and etchings. Keith was born Lorna Beatrice KELL 1914– Painter of still life and in Scotland and spent nine years in China, Japan abstracts, printmaker and textile designer, born in and Korea, her ability as a horsewoman facilitating London. She studied at Hornsey School of Art, travel. The study of primitive man was a special 1930–3, teachers including Russell Reeve, Frank interest. She took part in mixed exhibitions at the Winter and Norman Janes. She joined Henry RA, RI, Walker Art Gallery and Corcoran Gallery Lorraine Kell shortly after he began Lorraine in Washington, and had solo shows in England, Designs in 1935, married him and became sole America, China, France, Japan, the Philippines proprietor in 1956. The firm specialised in and Sweden. Keith’s work was illustrated in commemorative scarves for Liberty of London, consumer publications such as the Illustrated the Oxford Collection and others. Kell was elected London News, Sketch, Sphere and Tatler, also in to SGA in 1959, becoming its president, was a the specialised and foreign press, including Studio founder-fellow of the Society of Botanical Artists 22

and a fellow of the Royal Horticultural Society, winning its Grenfell Medal. She produced botanical drawings for the Junior Encyclopaedia Britannica. Showed at RA, RE, London Guildhall, Paris Salon and in the provinces. Lived in Barnet, Hertfordshire.

College, Royal College of Art and in the provinces. Kellaway was a sculpture faculty member at the British School at Rome, 1980–4. Exhibitions included the LG, 1956–8; New Art for New Towns, Hemel Hempstead, 1964; Bear Lane Gallery, Oxford, 1966; O’Hana Gallery, from 1967; Robert Savage Gallery, 1970; and Playhouse Gallery, Harlow, 1975. In 1960 Kellaway won 1st Prize, Sculptural Relief Project, for Frederick Snow and Partners, executed at the firm’s South Bank premises, 1961. He lived in London and Lodève, France.

Andrea KELLAND 1944– Painter of oils and watercolours using gestural brushwork and rich colours, preoccupations being the Welsh landscape, coast-line and especially the transitory nature of sea pools. Kelland trained in fine art, painting, at Kingston Art School, 1960–4, and Brighton College of Art & Crafts, 1964–5. She lived and worked in Devon from 1965–88, then, after her children had left home, moved to Carmarthen to resume painting, living finally at Amroth, Pembrokeshire. She joined the WSW in 1998. Other group exhibitions included Three Artists, Ceri Richards Gallery, Taliesin Centre, Swansea, 1992; Summer Show, Oriel Myrddin, Carmarthen, 1995; Women Artists & Pembrokeshire, Tenby Museum & Art Gallery, 1999; and A Slice of Life, Queen’s Hall Gallery, Narberth, 2000. Among her later solo exhibitions were Coastlines, Theatre Mwldan Gallery, Cardigan, and tour, 2000–1. Her husband was the artist Geoff Yeomans.

Painter of landscape and abstracts using a wide range of media, born in Totnes, Devon. His extensive travels in several continents influenced his work. Kellett gained a diploma in art and social content at Dartington College of Arts, 1983–5, an honours degree at Exeter College of Art, 1985–7, and a postgraduate diploma in art therapy from St Albans College of Art and Design, 1990–1. Exhibitions included Birdwood House, Totnes, and Fulham Gallery, both 1988; The Heifer Gallery from 1989; and Chapel Gallery, Plymouth, 1989. From 1988 Kellett had a series of solo exhibitions at Lamont Gallery. Stephen KELLETT fl. from 1980s–

Michael KELLAWAY 1929– Artist and lecturer, born

in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, where the McClelland Gallery, at Langwarrin, holds sculptures, drawings and photographs of his work. As a schoolboy Kellaway was taught by Ludwig Hirschfeld-Mack, “whose account of his time at the Bauhaus set going a lifelong involvement with twentieth-century art.” After graduating in science at Cambridge University, 1950, and spending a postgraduate year studying neuro-physiology with the later Nobel Prizewinner A L Hodgkin, Kellaway pondered research in this field, instead pursuing postgraduate studies in fine art for a diploma at the Slade School, 1951–4, winning several prizes. Kellaway was in charge of Reading University’s sculpture department, 1956–61; assisted at the Slade School, 1961–70; lectured at Camberwell School of Art from 1966, senior lecturer from 1974; also lecturing and assessing at Goldsmiths’

Figurative painter, born in Scotland, who gained an honours degree in fine art at University of Newcastle, 1991–5, his master’s at Chelsea School of Art, 1996. Awards included John Christie prize, at Newcastle, 1994; in 1995 he won the Annabel Walker prize there, first prize in the National Westminster Bank Young Artist Competition (the Bank holds his work) and was runner-up, BP Portrait Award, National Portrait Gallery. Group exhibitions included Northern Graduates, Royal College of Art, 1995; Art and Academia, Christie’s, 1996; and in 1998 Modern British Art at Offer Waterman & Co, which later that year gave Kelley his first solo show.

Diarmuid KELLEY 1972–

John KELLIHER 1944– Artist

23

and teacher, born in Aberdare, Glamorgan, who produced largely figurative works. These had British and continental European landscape and architectural themes and

were concerned with traditional painterly values. He attended courses run by Dennis Creffield and John Epstein and, starting in 1985, trained with Michael Freeman at the Port Talbot Arts Centre, being a co-founder with him of the Friday Group. Kelliher taught at Afan Arts Centre with the Port Talbot Painter’s and Sculptor’s Guild, 1975–84. He was for a time a member of the WSW. Kelliher exhibited regularly with the Friday Group and with the Port Talbot Theodore Painters. He carried out a series of commissions for Lloyds Bank, the Eagle group of hotels, and had works in private collections. Lived in Margam, Port Talbot.

by a young artist at the 2004 RP exhibition. Kelly was also commended several times in the BP Portrait Award before winning second prize in 2001 for Nude in a Nightclub. His paintings often began with a desire to create a particular atmosphere through the use of artificial lighting. Light and the portrait were central to his work.

Scottish artist, living and working in London, who studied at the Slade School of Fine Art, 1989–1993. In 2004 he took part in Being Present at Jerwood Space, having just won the De Laszlo Prize for the best portrait

Academy Gallery, 1993, had solo shows at Bristol Polytechnic, 1987, and Intaglio Printmaker Gallery the same year. Was a member of RE, a screenprinting tutor for Islington Adult Education Centre and a visiting lecturer at South Thames

Artist and teacher, born in Renfrewshire, who studied printmaking and painting at Glasgow School of Art from 1973. He taught lithography at Glasgow Print Studio, 1977– 9; was in London, painting, 1980; then for a time was a technician in silkscreen at Glasgow School Anthony-Noël KELLY 1955– Artist in mixed media, of Art from 1981. Kelly took part in a number of and teacher, nephew of the Duke of Norfolk, who group shows around this time, including Scottish grew up at Romden Castle, near Smarden, Kent, Print Open Three, 1983, organised by Dundee and who made legal history in 1998 when he was Printmakers’ Workshop. sentenced to nine months’ imprisonment (on appeal cut to three) at Southwark Crown Court; it was Brian KELLY 1958– Sculptor, muralist and teacher, said to be the first time anyone had been charged born in Paisley, Renfrewshire, who studied painting with stealing a body or its parts. These were at Glasgow School of Art, 1976–80, gaining a smuggled out of the Royal College of Surgeons, postgraduate diploma in 1981. He became a partto which they had been donated. Silver-coated time teacher there, full-time from 1990, also sculptures by Kelly, based on casts of such parts, teaching part-time at at Duncan of Jordanstone were offered during the Art97 contemporary art College of Art in Dundee and Chelsea School of fair, at the Business Design Centre, Islington, early Art. Kelly showed in mixed exhibitions, including in 1997. Kelly’s agent was the dealer Jibby Beane. Smith Museum in Stirling and Transmission Kelly taught sculpture at the Prince of Wales Gallery, Glasgow. He established a reputation in Institute of Architecture. He had early developed Scotland for a series of panels using various an interest in human anatomy. As well as training materials. Notable are the four relief panels entitled as a butcher, working in an abattoir, he had studied The Modern Myth, at Edzell Street, Whiteinch, as an artist at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art. Glasgow, 1987–8, and six bronze sculptures and Kelly was apprenticed to a restorer, and spent three mosaic panels for Clydebank, 1994–5. several years working for private clients. To Deirdre KELLY 1962– Artist, notably a printmaker, improve his knowledge, he sketched operations in and teacher who studied at Wimbledon School of North Hampshire Hospital, Basingstoke. In 1999 Art, 1984–7, earning a master’s degree in Kelly’s exhibition Birthdays, life-size photographs printmaking. She gained a Sericol Purchase Prize of bodies, was held at 291 Gallery. Kelly lived for in 1986, an Atlantis Purchase Prize in 1987 and a a time in London, but at the time of the 291 show Whatman Paper Prize in 1988. As well as mixed he was poised to get married and move to Ireland. shows, including In Piper’s Footsteps, at New Brian KELLY 1946–

Brendan KELLY 1970–

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College and Middlesex Polytechnic. King’s followed by painting and pottery at High Wycombe College School and Sedgwick Group International College of Art, 1970–2; then in 1987 undertook hold her work. an intensive course in fresco technique with Leonetto Tintori at his school in Prato, Italy. Felix KELLY 1914–1994 Painter in oil, book Teaching included Workers’ Educational illustrator, set designer and muralist. His work had Association at Soundwell Technical College, a strong Neo-Romantic flavour. Kelly was born in Bristol; being artist-in-residence, Verulamium Auckland, New Zealand, and moved to London, Museum, St Albans; and fresco technique at Centro where he eventually settled, in 1935. He worked d’Arte Verrocchio, Siena. Although many have for the advertising agency Lintas as a layout man since studied the technique, Kelly was one of the until 1939, served in the Royal Air Force during later pioneers in the fresco revival in Britain. Works World War II, then returned briefly to Lintas. While included an apsidal dome in egg tempera and two still in the Air Force he had begun to paint seriously wooden panels for St Augustine’s, Swindon; and in 1943 Lefevre gave him the first of a series reconstruction fresco project from Romano-British of solo shows. A commission prompted Kelly to fragments at Verulamium; reconstruction of become a professional painter in 1947 and he paintings at St Thomas’ Tower in the Tower of worked for a time in America, exhibiting there London; two domes in buon fresco for new Rural successfully. Kelly then had series of shows with Economy buildings at St John’s College, Oxford; Leicester Galleries, Arthur Jeffress Gallery, Tooth plus many private commissions. Lived in Bath, and Partridge (Fine Arts), which gave him a Somerset. memorial exhibition in 1995. He became known as a painter of country houses in England and Francis KELLY 1927– Painter, conservator and America, travelled extensively and had a special writer, born in St Paul, Minnesota, America. After interest in all types of floating craft and waterways. serving in United States Navy, 1944–8, entered Among Kelly’s book illustrations were Herbert Art Centre School, Los Angeles. During 1951–2 Read’s The Green Child, 1945, and a series by Kelly lived in Paris, attending L’Académie de la Elizabeth Burton starting with The Elizabethans Grande Chaumière; in 1953 he went to the at Home, 1958. His play sets included A Day by University of Hawaii, Honolulu; then to University the Sea, by N C Hunter, with Sir John Gielgud, of California, Los Angeles, where he was graphic and The Merchant of Venice, by Shakespeare, for laboratory assistant to John Paul Jones. Awarded The Old Vic Company. Murals included notable a Fulbright Grant in 1955 Kelly entered the graphic liners such as Union Pacific’s Windsor Castle, the department of Central School of Arts and Crafts. Royal Palace at Katmandu, Nepal, and Queen’s In 1958 Kelly was awarded the Stacey Grant for Ice Skating Club. The Earl of Dalkieth, Sir Herbert painting, in 1966 being appointed art organiser for Read and Viscount Leverhulme owned his work. the American Embassy’s Festival of Arts and Read published a monograph on Paintings by Felix Humanities. His paintings were shown in the subsequent exhibition Five American Artists in Kelly in 1946. Britain, his etchings having been introduced at St Fleur KELLY 1950– Versatile artist and designer George’s Gallery in the mid-1950s. During 1976 notable for fresco murals and egg tempera panel Kelly helped Winsor & Newton with a show of painting, and teacher, born in New Jersey, America, American artists for the bicentennial. Kelly studied of British nationality. Kelly had a special interest conservation at the Courtauld Institute and in 1967 in authentic materials as used in historical art works he was sent by the Italian Art and Archives Rescue because of their aesthetic and lasting qualities. She Fund to Florence to restore flood-damaged did a pre-diploma course at Somerset College of paintings. He published Art Restoration in 1971, Art, Taunton, 1968; typographic design at then The Studio and the Artist in 1975. The lesserCamberwell College of Arts and Crafts, 1969; 25

known British landscape, rivers and waterways were key features of Kelly’s pictures, which were shown at several dozen British museums and in many galleries. Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, Glasgow University, Los Angeles County Museum and New York Public Library hold examples. Lived in London.

and the RA, 1975–88, Kelly participated in Ends and Means, drawings, Phoenix Gallery, Brighton, 1998, and The Sea, Wolverhampton Art Gallery, 2001. Other solo shows included Constructions, Oxford University Museum, 1984; Constructions and Collages, Wolfson College, Oxford, 1987; Small Sculptures and Drawings, University of Surrey, 1988; Moments in Time. The Essential Landscape, Yard Gallery, Nottingham, and Natural History Museum, 2001; and Art and the Antarctic by John Kelly, Cheltenham Art Gallery & Museum, 2005. Magdalen and Wolfson Colleges, Oxford; Surrey University; East Riding Museum; and the British Antarctic Survey hold examples.

Gerald KELLY 1879–1972 Painter in oil of portraits

and landscapes. Born in London, he was educated at Cambridge, then lived and studied art in Paris for several years. Whistler was an early influence. Kelly was an enthusiastic traveller, visiting among other countries Spain, America, South Africa and Burma, where he painted some of his most characteristic and charming figure studies. He became known as a sound academic painter of attractive children and elegant women, untroubled by psychological insight, reliable. Represented in many public collections, including the Tate Gallery. He had retrospective exhibitions at the Leicester Galleries in 1950 and in 1957 at the Royal Academy. He was elected RA in 1930, was its keeper 1943–5 and president, 1949–54. Kelly held a number of official positions, such as his membership of the Royal Fine Arts Commission, 1938–43, and was knighted in 1945. Lived in London.

Artist and writer whose work included photography, drawing and the use of objects. He travelled widely within north Africa, producing journals relating to topographical interpretation and a number of exhibitions on Africa and other themes. He was selected artist for the British Antarctic Survey’s Artists and Writers Scheme in 2003. Kelly received several awards from South East Arts to aid his travels and work. Due South An Antarctic Journal appeared in 2004, illustrated with photographs and line drawings, in which he attempted “to present the reality of Antarctica, not simply a visual record, but an account of the emotions and fleeting thoughts of life in the ‘freezer’.” It was published to coincide with an exhibition which toured from the Natural History Museum, 2004–5. As well as taking part in group exhibitions at the Guildhall, Mall Galleries

John KELLY 1965– Painter and creator of quirky and witty sculptures featuring zebras, cows and horses who was born in Bristol. He emigrated to Australia with his family when he was six months old, graduating from RMIT University, Melbourne, 1983–5, majoring in painting; gained his arts master’s degree there, 1992–5; then was an affiliate student of Slade School of Fine Art, 1996–7, having travelled in Europe and America. Commissions, grants and awards included Projects Grant, Visual Arts Board, Australia Council, 1988; City of Richmond Acquisitions Art Award, the John Storey Memorial Scholarship at RMIT and The Queen’s Trust Grant, all 1993; Australia Council, Visual Arts/Craft Board Barcelona Studio, 1994; Anne & Gordon Samstag International Visual Arts Scholarship Award, 1995; and “Comment L’Europe à cache la vache folle”, commissioned frontispiece, Liberation, 1996. Took part in numerous group shows in Australia and Europe and had regular solo exhibitions, later ones including The Piccadilly Gallery and Niagara Galleries, Melbourne, both 2000, and Piccadilly again in 2002 and 2005. Many Australian public galleries hold works by Kelly, whose Cow up a Tree, shown on the Champs Elysées, Paris, was bought by The Melbourne Docklands Consortium for installation on the waterfront.

John KELLY 1949–

Kenness George Kelly: see Fowokan

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Mary KELLY 1941– Artist working in mixed media,

printmaker and teacher, born in Workington, Cumberland, into a strongly religious background, his father a carpenter. He could “draw with a pencil before I could talk”. From 1932 became a telegraph messenger in 1934 postal and telegraph officer for Kendal. In the Army in World War II drew maps and diagrams and was influenced by the work of Paul Klee, Graham Sutherland, Stanley Spencer and C F Tunnicliffe, seen in exhibitions. In 1946 he resumed Post Office duties, showing at RA, RI, RBA, RSA and elsewhere. Kelly resigned from Post Office in 1958, taught part-time and took up printmaking. From 1961–5, having raised £500, studied lithography and printed textiles at Carlisle College of Art and Design, obtaining distinctions, in 1964 gaining a travel scholarship to Brittany. Worked on commission for Sir Nicholas Sekers’ silk mills at Hensingham, Whitehaven, having a solo show there at Rosehill Theatre in 1966, another at Fermoy Gallery, King’s Lynn, in 1969. From 1970 Kelly’s life was unsettled, with two divorces, health and financial problems. In 1980 settled in Attleborough, Norfolk, dying in hospital. A show of his landscapes was held at Castlegate House, Cockermouth, Cumbria, in 1994.

born in America. After studying at the College of St Teresa, Minnesota, 1959–63, then at Pius XII Institute, Florence, 1963–5, Kelly taught fine art at the American University in Beirut, Lebanon, after which she moved to England, undertaking postgraduate study at St Martin’s School of Art 1968–70. In 1973, the year she received the Greater London Arts Association Fellowship, Kelly began work on her key work Post-Partum Document, which aimed to “expose the fetishistic function of representation”. Footnotes and Bibliography, PostPartum Document appeared in 1977, when Kelly gained an Arts Council Award. The Lina Garnade Memorial Foundation Award followed in 1978. Kelly took part in a number of exhibitions with sociological themes. She had a solo show at ICA in 1976, two more soon after at Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, and Leeds University Gallery, with a five-year, 1970–5 film and text retrospective at Norwich Gallery, 2000, another exhibition at Robert Sandelson, 2001. Taught at Camberwell School of Art and at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art. Arts Council holds her work. Lived in London.

Maurice KELLY 1920– Representational painter, born in Bournemouth, Hampshire, who studied at Royal College of Art. He was a member of The Suffolk Group and showed with Young Contemporaries, Gallery 44 in Aldeburgh, Digby Gallery in Colchester and Warwick University Arts Centre. Kelly’s work is held in the South African government’s World War II collection, by several education authorities and in many British and foreign private collections. Lived in Walberswick, Suffolk.

Peter KELLY 1921–1993 Painter, lecturer and farmer,

born in Balham, south London, who attended Ampleforth College, studying with Maurice Percival; Queen’s College, Oxford; served with the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve; and studied post-World War II at the Courtauld Institute of Art. He was attached to the fine arts department at the Barber Institute, Birmingham, 1948–51, then farmed, combining this with art history lecturing at Swansea, Barry and Leicester and in the fine arts department of the National Museum of Wales, Mick KELLY 1949– Painter of domestic scenes who Cardiff. Mixed shows included RWA and RA was born in Wallasey, Cheshire. He studied at Summer Exhibition, where he had work accepted Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1969–71, but not hung. Influences on Kelly’s work included Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1976–77, Cedric Morris; David Jones, Eric Gill and the Guild returning there in the early 1980s for his master’s of St Dominic; Cézanne; and Ruskin. As well as degree. Among Kelly’s shows was a solo exhibition landscape, portraits, nudes, animals and still life, at Woodlands Art Gallery, 1981. Much of his work Kelly’s artistic preoccupations included was in private collections. mythological and Christian incarnational subjects. He lived in Welsh Newton, Monmouth, Percy KELLY 1918–1993 Painter, draughtsman, Herefordshire. 27

Peter KELLY 1931– Artist born in Ilford, Essex, who

Alan Howarth, one-time Labour Minister for the Arts.

spent his life in the county. He studied at West Ham School of Art and Technology and the Central School of Art and Design. From 1952–7 he worked as a graphic designer before concentrating on painting and illustration. Kelly was elected RBA in 1982, later winning the Daler-Rowney Award, Higgs & Hill Bursary and was nominated for the De Laszlo Medal. He was five times a finalist in Hunting Art Prizes, he won The Jeffrey Archer Award at RWS Open, 1993, later the American Express Award at the Discerning Eye exhibition, Mall Galleries. Kelly was noted for crisp still lifes, recalling the seventeenth-century Dutch Old Masters. He exhibited at the RA Summer Exhibition, shared a show at Thompson’s Gallery in 1998, was in A Select Seven at W H Patterson Fine Art Ltd, 2001; had a series of solo exhibitions at Ebury Galleries; and in 2003 at W H Patterson showed views and interiors painted in St Petersburg, Russia, in that year. In 2005, Kelly shared an exhibition with Philippa Cooper at the Chappel Galleries, Chappel.

Painter, born in Nottingham, who won a fine art degree at Wimbledon School of Art, 1993–6, attending Chelsea College of Art, 1996–7. Had a residency at Royal Court Theatre, 1994, the year of the exhibition Coming on Strong, at the Theatre with tour. Also appeared in Cooltan Summer Exhibition at Cooltan Arts, 1993; New Contemporaries, at Tate Gallery in Liverpool and Camden Arts Centre, and Nerve, at Jason and Rhodes Gallery, both 1996; and in the 1997–8 and 1999–00 John Moores Liverpool Exhibitions. Had a first solo show at Beaux Arts, 1998, another at Nylon, 2000. His show at Nylon in 2003 exploited the gap between representation and abstraction. Kelly was the son of the artist Paulette Fedarb. He lived in London. Roger KELLY 1973–

Sculptor and teacher who attended Doncaster College of Art, St Martin’s School of Art and Goldsmiths’ College School of Art. He was an art teacher, 1976–81, a part-time Phil KELLY 1953– Landscape and figure painter lecturer in sculpture at North Essex School of Art, using a rich palette whose sometimes heavily 1981–7, and from then lectured in sculpture fullimpastoed pictures encompassed a range of styles. time at South-East Essex College of Arts & Kelly was born in Dublin, Ireland, and after Rugby Technology. Showed in New Contemporaries, School attended Bath College of Art, where his 1974; Saffron Walden Corn Exchange from 1977; work was well marked by Frank Auerbach. He Beecroft Gallery, Southend-on-Sea from 1988; and then lived in Mexico for many years, loving the in Drawing Towards Sculpture at Isis Gallery, sun and vibrancy of the country. Although rich in Leigh-on-Sea, 1993. colour, energy and gesture, Kelly’s work was Robert KELSEY 1949– Painter in oil notable for his carefully considered before he started painting, lively, colourful landscapes of Britain and France. which he did on the floor to the sounds of jazz, Born in Glasgow he studied at the School of Art working all round the picture. Had many mixed there, 1966–70, under David Donaldson, shows in Britain and abroad, including Alexander Goudie and James Robertson, and went Whitechapel Open, from 1977, and RA Summer on to exhibit with Glasgow Art Club, Paisley Exhibition, from 1992. By the time of his one-man Institute of Fine Arts and Royal Glasgow Institute exhibition at The Millinery Works in 2000 Kelly of the Fine Arts, RSA, ROI and RSW. In 1993 had had several dozen solo shows, including an completed five landscapes of the Turnberry course acclaimed one at the Museum of Modern Art, used for the 1994 British Open Golf Championship, Mexico City, in 1997. Others included La Ciudad for hanging in the clubhouse. The Paisley Institute Electrica, Six Chapel Row Contemporary Art, awarded Kelsey a diploma in 1998. Later solo Bath, in 2003. His work was held in many shows included John Martin of London, 1996, and international private collections, including that of Thompson’s Gallery, Marylebone, 2002. The Steve KELLY 1952–

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Fleming Collection and a number of corporate collections hold examples.

Gallery. Lithographs were commissioned by Curwen Press for Collectors Guild. Lived in London.

Artist, critic and teacher, born in Nagykanizsa, Hungary, his daughter being the artist Lydia Kemeny. He was mainly a portrait, landscape and still life artist in oil, but also made pottery. Studied at the Academy of Art, Budapest, 1913–14; was an Official War Artist to the Austro-Hungarian Army in World War I; and attended Academy of Creative Arts, Vienna, 1920–3, followed by a two-year postgraduate course. Between 1925–38 Kemeny lived in Pilsen, Czechoslovakia, moving to London in the latter year. During World War II while practising as an artist he worked in an aircraft factory and at firewatching. From 1947–79 Kemeny taught at Hammersmith College of Art and for some years was advisor to the House of Commons Fine Art Committee. Took part in mixed shows at Cooling and Leger Galleries and at Roland, Browse & Delbanco. Had a retrospective in 1991 at Ben Uri Art Society which, like Imperial War Museum, holds his work. Kalman KEMENY 1896–1994

Lydia KEMENY fl. from 1940s– Designer, illustrator, artist and teacher, daughter of the painter Kalman Kemeny, who studied design – fashion/textiles at St Martin’s School of Art, 1942–4, then at Royal College of Art, 1944–7. While at College she won the Vogue Talent Contest, joining the magazine after graduation, working as an illustrator of fashion reports from London and abroad. Concurrently, Kemeny was invited to teach at St Martin’s School of Art, where from 1976 she was head of department fashion/textiles; the department acquired an international reputation. Kemeny was in 1988 made reader in fashion at The London Institute and from 1989–90 was fashion tutor at Middlesex Polytechnic. She was fashion consultant to the television series The House of Elliot in 1993. As an artist she showed at RA, LG, NEAC, the Leicester, Savage and John Whibley Galleries and at Paris Salon. Paintings were acquired by the Ministry of Education, Greater London Council, Hertfordshire County Council and were reproduced by the New York Graphic Society and Medici

David KEMP 1945– Sculptor and assemblage artist,

born in London, who spent his childhood in Canada and attended a boys’ grammar school in England. He joined the Merchant Navy for four years, then studied painting at Farnham and Wimbledon Schools of Art. In the early 1970s he moved to west Cornwall and pursued sculpture. He scouted the countryside for old farm machinery and industrial scrap and from this created strange beasts and insects. The Arts Council’s The Beetle and its The Electro-Griffin are good examples. Northern Arts and public galleries in Glasgow, Manchester, Sheffield and Wolverhampton hold Kemp’s work. Kemp was artist-in-residence at several sites where he would construct his witty creations “as a future archaeologist reconstructing the machines and artefacts of a distant past”. Among notable group shows were the Welsh Sculpture Trust’s Margam exhibition Sculpture in a Country Park, 1983, and A Quality of Light, at The Tate at St Ives and other venues, 1997. Solo shows included Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield; Manchester City Art Gallery, Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea; McLellan Galleries, Glasgow; and Newlyn Art Gallery, 2002. Kemp had a major setback in 1995 when vandals broke into his workshop, started a fire and destroyed nearly 20 years’ work. Notable public sculptures by Kemp are The Iron Horse, for Four Lane Ends Metro Station, Newcastle upon Tyne; The Navigators, Hays Galleria, London Bridge; The Old Transformers, Consett; and Old King Coal, Pelton Fell. Jeka KEMP 1876–1967 Watercolourist and woodcut

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artist, born in Bellahouston, Glasgow; she hated the name Jacobina given her, shortening it to Jeka. Details of her early life are vague, but she probably studied painting in Glasgow and London, about 1903–4 attending Académie Julian, Paris. She embarked on wide travels to paint, including Europe and North Africa, but showed at first in Scotland from about 1907, having solo exhibitions at Macindoe’s Gallery, Glasgow, 1912–14. Several

of her pictures were bought by the French government. During World War I Kemp worked as a nurse-masseuse in Paris hospitals. Further shows included Marcel Bernheim, Paris, and Warneuke’s Galleries, Glasgow, 1920, and Galerie de la Librairie de la Presse, Nantes, 1922. Kemp continued to live in France until she returned to England in 1939, living with her sisters in Dorset, finally in Eastbourne, Sussex. She had given up painting in 1927, but her reputation was revived by a show at Belgrave Gallery and Wellington Fine Art, Glasgow, in 1977.

1999–00. Cartwright Hall and The Museum of Photography, Film and Television, both in Bradford and Walsall Museum and Art Gallery, Walsall, hold Kempadoo’s work.

Richard KEMPE 1929– Artist and teacher who was

greatly influenced by Fritz Gross while at Bedford School. As a student at Central School of Arts and Crafts under William Johnstone, Kempe’s tutors included Victor Pasmore and Mervyn Peake. He spent a short time as a designer in Boston, Massachusetts. While teaching in Norfolk Kempe studied work by the Norwich School, especially J S Cotman, and took up wood engraving. Began painting professionally in 1980. Mixed shows included the RWA, SWA and Bath Society. He had a series of solo exhibitions, including West Country views at Big Wide Bay gallery, Tavistock, 2000. Lived in Bath, Somerset.

Abstract painter, born in Croydon, Surrey, where he studied at the College of Art and Design, 1974–6, then Ravensbourne College of Art and Design, 1977–80. Among group show appearances were New Contemporaries, at ICA, 1979; LG, 1985; Carpenter’s Road Open Studios from 1988; Pomeroy Purdy Gallery from same year; and John Moores Exhibition, Liverpool, Jake KEMPSELL 1940– Sculptor and teacher, born 1991–2. He had a solo show at Greenwich Theatre in Dumfries, Scotland, who remained close to his Scottish roots. He studied at Edinburgh College of Art Gallery in 1984. Lived in London. Art and from 1965–75 lectured in sculpture there. Roshini KEMPADOO 1959– Digital artist and teacher, He was invited to join the sculpture faculty of the born in Crawley, Sussex, who lived mostly in the British School at Rome in 1982, was a faculty United Kingdom, based in London, but who spent visitor there in 1985, and from 1975–00 was 10 years in the Caribbean. She graduated with director of sculpture at Duncan of Jordanstone commendation in visual communications at West College of Art, Dundee. Kempsell did much to Midlands College of Higher Education, 1981–4; promote sculpture in Scotland, being a director of gained her master’s in photographic studies at Workshop and Artists’ Studio Provision; in 1978 Derbyshire College of Higher Education, 1988– he was one of the founders of the Scottish Sculpture 9; in 1991 undertaking training in America, Trust. He showed widely in Scotland and Britain, involving work at the National Museum of African being featured in Small Sculpture from the Art, Smithsonian, Washington, and in New York Collection of The Scottish Arts Council, 1978, and at the Schomberg Center for the Research in Black in the Welsh Sculpture Trust’s 1983 show Sculpture Culture. Among many advisory posts held was in a Country Park, at Margam. Kempsell found his membership of the visual arts awards panel of the organic materials – wood, slate, stone and feathers Scottish Arts Council, 1997–8, as well as work for – on the shore of the North Sea and in the fields the Arts Council and London Arts Board. Was a and woodyards of Angus. These were arranged in speaker at numerous workshops and conferences enigmatic forms, such as his Love Child of the in Britain and abroad; residencies included Groby Butterfly that Ravished an Elephant, on the ski Road Hospital, 1990; teaching part-time at Napier slopes of Glenshee. University, Edinburgh, from 1995. She took part in many group shows, later solo exhibitions Kim KEMPSHALL 1934– Printmaker, painter and including Virtual Exiles, available online through teacher, full name Hubert Kim Kempshall, signing the Institute of International Visual Arts website, work K K, who was born in Manchester. Studied Richard KEMP 1958–

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Forward! Kemp-Welch was an expert horsewoman and in her late-fifties began her travels with Sanger’s Circus. Had a solo show at Arlington Gallery, 1938. Tate Gallery, Russell-Cotes Art Gallery and other public collections hold KempWelch’s pictures, which were latterly extensively sold by David Messum. Illustrated several books, notably Anna Sewell’s Black Beauty, using BadenPowell’s horse Black Prince as a model. Died in Watford, Hertfordshire.

at the College of Art there, 1951–5, then Royal College of Art, 1957–60. Went on to teach fine art at Birmingham Polytechnic. Showed RA, RSA, Arts Council and held solo exhibitions. Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art and a number of provincial public collections hold his work. Lived in Harborne, Birmingham. William KEMPSTER 1914–1976 Painter, printmaker

and mural artist, notably in tempera, born in London. Studied at Wimbledon School of Art under Gerald Cooper and William Sullivan, 1937–9, then Royal College of Art, 1939–42, where his teachers included Ernest Tristram. He did a great deal of exhibition work for Central Office of Information and Festival of Britain in 1951, illustrating aspects of British life and work. His work was illustrated in Future, Lilliput and other publications. He exhibited at RA Summer Exhibition in 1973 and 1974, by which time he had moved to Hungerford, Berkshire, having earlier lived in St John’s Wood, north London. Kempster was a fine and adventurous printmaker, good examples being offered after his death by Katharine House Gallery, Marlborough.

Painter, illustrator and teacher, outstanding for her pictures of horses. Was born in Bournemouth, Hampshire, older sister of painter Edith Kemp-Welch, who died in 1941. After attending the local School of Art, the sisters from 1891 studied with Hubert von Herkomer at his school in Bushey, Hertfordshire, where she settled. She ran it from 1905–26, initially as Bushey School of Painting and, after it moved to her house, as the Kemp-Welch School of Animal Painting. From 1928 her friend and assistant Marguerite Frobisher continued under the name The Frobisher School of Art. Kemp-Welch had early success with her student work Gypsy Drovers taking Horses to a Fair, hung at RA in 1895. She was a prolific exhibitor, notably at Fine Art Society, RCamA of which she was a member, as she was of RI, ROI, RBC and RBA; in 1914 she was president of the Society of Animal Painters. Refused permission to be a war artist in World War I, Kemp-Welch responded with the famous recruiting poster

Margaret KEMP-WELCH fl. from 1890s–1968 Painter,

printmaker and teacher, born in London, cousin of the artists Lucy and Edith Kemp-Welch. She studied with Frank Short and Hubert von Herkomer at his school in Bushey, Hertfordshire, from 1891. Went on to teach at Clapham High School. She showed with Ridley Art Club, RA, RE and elsewhere. Lived in London for many years, then at Throwleigh, Devon. Bushey Museum holds good examples of her prints. Ken: see Kenneth AITKEN

Alice KENDALL 1896–1955 Painter and musician, born in Little Hulton, Lancashire. She studied at Manchester College of Music; and art in New York and at Edinburgh College of Art, where her teachers included David Foggie and Gerald Moira. Showed at UA and SEA, of both of which she was a member, SSA, RBA and RI. Mrs Kendall, who painted in several European countries, was the mother of the artist Alice Rebecca Kendall. Died in Cyprus, where she painted.

Lucy KEMP-WELCH 1869–1958

Alice Rebecca KENDALL fl. from early 1940s– Painter,

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muralist, illustrator and writer, daughter of the artist Alice Kendall, born in New York. She studied at Edinburgh College of Art. Kendall was a member of SWA and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts as well as Royal Zoological Society in Scotland. Her published work included a book for children, Funny Fishes, and contributions to Punch and Poetry Review. Showed at RA, NEAC and Paris Salon and shared several shows with her mother at Cooling Galleries in 1940s and 1950s. Completed murals for British Council and Ministry

Barclays Bank Award in 1988. Took part in many group shows from early 1980s, including Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester, 1981; Stowells Trophy at RA, 1982; York Festival, 1984; and Six of the Best at Christopher Hull Gallery, 1989.

of Labour. Lived in London for many years.

Dinah Roe KENDALL 1923– Painter and printmaker, born in Bakewell, Derbyshire. Her output included Biblical scenes in a bright palette updated to the present day, influenced by Stanley Spencer, as in her solo show at Duncan Campbell Contemporary Art, 1995, one of a series. During World War II, Kendall nursed for the Red Cross. Attended Sheffield School of Art, 1946–8, then the Slade School of Fine Art, 1948–51, teachers including A H Gerrard and William Coldstream. Family needs stopped her painting until 1968, then she studied printmaking, 1968–72 with Anthony Gross and Stanley Jones. She returned to Sheffield, Yorkshire, in 1993, having bought a house in Cyprus and lived there from 1988, in 2005 finally settling in Folkestone, Kent. Group exhibitions included Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield, from 1962; Beecroft Art Gallery, Southend-on-Sea, 1971; and CCA Gallery, Cambridge, 1995. In 1976 she shared a show with her daughter, Emma Chandler, at the Bury St Edmunds Gallery. Later solo exhibitions included Oundle School, Oundle, 1996, and Canterbury Cathedral, 2001. The Chapel Royal, St James’s Palace; H M Prison Chapel, Doncaster; and St Paul’s Cathedral, Nicosia, hold her work. Kay Thetford KENDALL fl. from 1970s– Sculptor and

sculptural jewellery creator working in a variety of precious and non-precious materials, notable for her cats and mythical creatures. She was born in Manchester and studied at Malvern and Tunbridge Wells Colleges of Art and at Hertfordshire College of Art and Design, 1976–9. Was for a time in charge of design firm KTK Ltd. She was a member of SWA and RMS, in 1986 winning RMS’s Bidder and Borne sculpture award; also exhibited at SPS; and had a series of solo exhibitions in Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, where she lived, elsewhere in south of England and in Italy. Painter who studied at Hereford College of Art, 1979, Bath Academy of Art, 1980–3, and Slade School of Fine Art, 1986– 8. He gained a Southern Arts Award in 1987, a

Painter, printmaker and teacher, born in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, who studied at Marlborough College, 1967–71, winning a travel scholarship for arts studies in 1972, using it for travel to Italy, 1974. After language studies at the Sorbonnne, Paris, and travelling and painting in France, 1971, Kennard did a foundation course at Gloucestershire College of Art and Design, 1972–3; gained a first-class honours degree from Bristol Polytechnic, 1973– 6, fine art specialising in painting; then did postgraduate studying in printmaking, City and Guilds Art School, 1980–1; with a study period in Paris in 1987, in the studio of Patrick Betaudier, concentrating on the science and practice of oil painting from van Eyck through to the early Renaissance. In 1976 Kennard was awarded first prize in South Western Regional Competition, for art students, Winsor and Newton Award. He won an Arts Council Purchase Prize, Cheltenham Society of Artists, 1982. Teaching experience included Harrow School, Symondsbury College and School of Art. His commissioned journeys included Albania and Istanbul, 1998–9; southern Sahara, Ethiopia and The Lost Cities of the Mediterranean, 1995–7; and Athens to the Red Sea on a tall ship, 1999. He painted through Galloway and the Highlands of Scotland, 1994–8, and Cowes week and Henley Royal Regatta, 1996–9. Kennard was artist to Garsington Opera, Oxford, 1990–6. As well as many mixed show appearances, Kennard held a steady stream of solo exhibitions, starting with a studio show at Guiting Power, 1978. Later ones included Archeus Fine Art from 1994, Jerram Gallery, Salisbury, 1995, Daphne Johns Contemporary Art, 12 Duke Street, and Birmingham University, both 1999; Dorset County Museum, Dorchester, 2000; and Archeus Fine Art, 2002. A deft and colourful impression of a scene characterised Kennard’s work. Lived in Dorset. David KENNARD 1953–

Alistair KENDRY 1957–

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Peter KENNARD 1949– Artist in wide range of media, and teacher, born in London, who attended Byam Shaw School of Art, 1966–7; Slade School of Fine Art, 1967–70; and Royal College of Art, 1976–9. He lectured in fine art and photography at West Surrey College of Art, 1989–94, from 1994 being senior lecturer in photography, Royal College of Art. Gardner Arts Centre, Sussex University, gave him an artist-in-residence show in 1971. Kennard’s photomontages were regularly published in The Guardian, and book covers were commissioned by Penguin, Pluto Press, Paladin and Verso. Film and video work included photomontages for Labour Party political broadcast against nuclear weapons, 1982; State of Emergency – South Africa, Bandung File, Channel 4, 1986; and Welcome to Britain, The Late Show, BBC2, 1992. As well as group shows in Britain and abroad, Kennard held a series of solo exhibitions from 1968. His retrospectives included Images Against War 1965– 1985, Barbican Centre, 1985, and photomontages at Zelda Cheatle Gallery, 1997. Some exhibitions had accompanying publications, such as Our Financial Times, a collaboration with the politician Ken Livingstone, 1995, and Domesday Book, foreword by Harold Pinter, 1999–00, both at Gimpel Fils. That gallery showed Kennard’s Decoration in 2004, a savage indictment of the invasion of Iraq in 2003–4. The Arts Council, Imperial War Museum, Victoria & Albert Museum and other British and foreign public collections hold examples.

Art. Exhibited widely in the provinces and did animal illustrations for books published by Blackie. Usher Gallery, Lincoln, holds his work, sometimes signed A Maculric. Lived in Lincoln and exhibited with the Lincolnshire Artists’ Society.

Cecil KENNEDY 1905–1997 Painter in oil, noted for

his meticulous pictures of flowers, based on arrangements by his wife Winifred, a ladybird being a common feature. He was the grandson of an artist who had worked alongside Corot in France, Cecil’s father was the painter and designer Thomas Robert Kennedy, his brother the artist Thomas Kennedy. He was born in Leyton, Essex, and studied art in London, Paris, Antwerp and Zürich. During Army service on the continent in World War II, Kennedy was able to meet Flemish painters and study their and Dutch painters’ work first-hand. He showed at RA, RSA, RHA, Fine Art Society, Paris Salon (where he won a Silver Medal in 1956, a Gold in 1970), the provinces and elsewhere abroad. Queen Mary, the Duke of Windsor, the Astors and newspaper magnate Lord Thomson of Fleet were among his patrons. Public galleries in Rochdale and Merthyr Tydfil hold examples. Owing to advanced age, Kennedy finished painting around 1993. Lived in St Albans, Hertfordshire.

Cedric KENNEDY 1898–1968 Landscape and portrait

painter and teacher, born in Exeter, Devon, educated at Rugby School. Served in the Royal Flying Corps in World War I (completed a series Emma KENNAWAY 1954– Painter notable for her of aerial pictures), was shot down and made a ability to catch a sympathetic likeness. She won a prisoner of war. Studied under Richard Jack at Commissioning Prize in the 2003 Garrick/Milne London School of Art, Florence School of Art in Prize with her portrait of Timothy West as King 1923 and Royal Academy Schools with Charles Lear. As a child Kennaway travelled extensively Sims, 1925–8. After teaching at Rugby, Kennedy with her parents, living on a houseboat in Kashmir taught at Cheltenham College and nearby at Dean and later in Hollywood, where her father was a Close School, served in camouflage during World writer. She studied at the Ruskin School of Drawing War II, then returned to Dean Close, 1945–62. and Fine Art, Oxford. Had work in many private Exhibited at RA, NEAC, extensively at Walker’s and Cooling Galleries. There was a big memorial collections show at Cheltenham, 1969; one at Mannings, 1972; Alexander Grieve KENNEDY 1889–c.1962 Painter, another at Sally Hunter Fine Art, 1997. Sally illustrator and writer, born in Liverpool. Studied Hunter held a joint exhibition of work by Kennedy at Liverpool School of Art and Royal College of and his pupil John Marshall at 9 Clarendon Cross 33

in 2002. Victoria & Albert Museum, Ashmolean Thomas KENNEDY 1900–1982 Painter in oil and Museum in Oxford, Imperial War Museum and watercolour, born in Leyton, east London, who various provincial collections hold examples. made a successful living by his brush from 16 to 80. His brother was the flower painter Cecil Chris KENNEDY fl. from 1980s– Mixed media artist Kennedy, their father the artist Robert Thomas who exhibited widely in the northwest of England. Kennedy, and grandfather Thomas Kennedy of He was an artist-in-residence at Walker Art Gallery Edinburgh. As well as studying at art school in in Liverpool for a period in 1990 and several years London, for many years Thomas worked in the later completed his master’s degree at Winchester British Museum, Turner, Constable and Italian and School of Art. In 1992 he was included in Bluecoat Dutch Old Masters being special influences. His Artists ’92, work by members of the Bluecoat work was often reproduced and he showed at RA, Artists’ Association in Liverpool, at Williamson RSA, RBSA and with Frost & Reed. HM Queen Art Gallery & Museum in Birkenhead. Elizabeth The Queen Mother bought Kennedy’s work, which is in many private collections in Mat Barber KENNEDY 1962– Painter, born in London, who studied architecture at the University Britain and abroad. Lived in Chingford, Essex, and of Sheffield and at the Royal College of Art, died in Whipps Cross Hospital, Leytonstone. graduating in 1988. Became a full-time painter in 1990, travelling widely to create his urban architectural views. His paintings reflected an understanding of and passion for the “elements of architecture: bricks and mortar, plaster, concrete and steel, built up in layers, decaying in pieces.” Kennedy was elected a member of the RI in 1994, in 1999 sharing a show at The Linda Blackstone Gallery, Pinner. In 2004 he was included in The Autumn Show at The Wykeham Gallery, Stockbridge.

Naturally talented self-taught painter and collector with a strong enthusiasm for art which he combined with an active business career in Liverpool, being a director of Vernons Pools. He was a friend of John Moores and assembled a collection that included works by Vuillard, Bonnard, Bomberg, de Staël and his friend William Scott, with whom he painted at Corsham School of Art and St Ives, Cornwall. Kennerley also made collages, as in his Crane Kalman solo show, 1970, from which Walker Art Gallery acquired one of its works by him. Richard KENNEDY 1910–1989 Painter, draughtsman and writer, born in Cambridge. He was educated Williamson Art Gallery in Birkenhead and House at Marlborough School, left at 16 and joined the of Commons also hold examples. Kennerley had Hogarth Press as apprentice, the story of which he a solo show at Cadogan Contemporary in 1993, told in the volume of autobiography A Boy at the mixed exhibition appearances including RA Hogarth Press, 1972; in 1977 he followed this with Summer Exhibition, Leicester Galleries and A Parcel of Time. After a period in an advertising Browse & Darby. Lived in Caldy, Wirral, Cheshire. agency and as an illustrator for Strang’s Weekly George KENNETHSON 1910–1994 Sculptor, born in News and brief studies including Central School Richmond, Surrey, as Arthur George Mackenzie. of Arts and Crafts, during World War II service in Was married to the painter Eileen Guthrie, one of Royal Air Force commenced his career as a book their five children being the photographer Nicholas illustrator which was to encompass dozens of Mackenzie. Kennethson studied painting at Royal volumes, chiefly for children. Exhibitions included Academy Schools, 1928–34, turning to sculpture Gallery Edward Harvane, 1972, and King Street in 1937. Kennethson carved stone directly, using Gallery, 1981, with additional shows at his home only simple sculptural drawings. The nature of the in Maidenhead, Berkshire. He was influenced by stone influenced his idea of what the finished work the work of Henri Gaudier-Brzeska and Henri would be. His constant subject matter was birds, Matisse. plants, heads, sky and sea, and his style, influenced George R KENNERLEY fl. from 1950–

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by Gaudier-Brzeska and Brancusi, changed little. Much of his work was modest in size. He was an infrequent exhibitor, but had retrospectives at University of Birmingham, 1974; New Art Centre, 1988; and Pallant House, Chichester, 1993. From the mid-1950s Kennethson lived in Oundle, Northamptonshire, in a Victorian house next to a former brewery which contained more than 300 sculptures made over 40 years. Kettle’s Yard in Cambridge and the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, hold examples. In 2004 there was a first London retrospective at Archeus Fine Art.

Phoenix Gallery, Lavenham, 1990. Kenning also produced limited-edition silkscreen prints of Spanish and English subjects.

Sculptor, draughtsman and painter. Born in London, son of the artist T B Kennington, he studied at Lambeth School of Art and the City and Guilds School. Exhibited from 1908 at the RA; also showed at Leicester Galleries, Fine Art Society, Goupil Gallery, ROI and RP. Kennington was an Official War Artist, 1916–19, after being invalided out of the Army. The experience was to have a marked influence on his work, his first one-man show at the Goupil Gallery, 1916, of the Kensingtons at Laventie creating a great impression and identifying him in the public mind with depictions of men of action. Soon after the war he travelled in Arabia to illustrate T E Lawrence’s Seven Pillars of Wisdom, and he was to draw memorable studies of Lawrence over many years. During World War II a book of Kennington’s portraits, Drawing the RAF, 1942, including his typically incisive studies, further linked him with the forces, as had his sculptures, the memorial to the 24th Division at Battersea Park and the British memorial at Soissons, France, after World War I. Also completed a head of T E Lawrence in St Paul’s Cathedral, London, and carvings on the Royal Shakespeare Memorial Theatre, Stratford-uponAvon. Signed work E H K. Elected RA, 1959. Died at Reading, Berkshire. The Henry Moore Institute, Leeds, held a Kennington exhibition, The War God & Other Works, and his graphic work was shown at the Strang Print Room at University College London, both 2001. Photographs and books from Kennington’s library, entitled Eric Kennington’s Visions of Mexico, was held at the Henry Moore Institute library in 2004. Eric

Painter and draughtsman, by profession a harbour official. Born and lived in Belfast, where he graduated in commercial science after studies at Queen’s University. Studied art in London in mid-1940s and at RUA and exhibited in Belfast. James Smyth KENNETT

1915–

John KENNEY 1911–1972 Painter and book illustrator

who specialised in hunting and sporting scenes. After being educated in Leicester and attending the School of Art there Kenney became a commercial illustrator. It was after World War II that Kenney turned to sporting art, drawing on hunting scenes from his locality. Towards the end of his life he lost the sight of one eye, which added problems to years of ill-health, but he kept on working. He showed at Gadsby Gallery, Leicester, 1963, a posthumous exhibition being held in 1980. In the year of his death Abercrombie and Fitch, New York, held a show. The Royal Artillery Museum, Woolwich, holds sketches by Kenney completed during his Army service.

Landscape painter and printmaker, notable for watercolours of Essex where he lived until 1988, then of the Andalusia region of Spain, where he settled. Kenning studied under Frederick Gore at St Martin’s School of Art, 1952–5. Mixed shows included Beecroft Gallery, Southend, from 1975; RA Summer Exhibition, 1980; RSW from 1984; and Artists in Essex, Epping Forest Museum, 1985. Among his later solo shows were Malaga and Granada in Spain and David KENNING 1933–

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KENNINGTON

1888–1960

Sue KENNINGTON 1955– Painter, born in London, who gained an honours degree in humanities from Middlesex Polytechnic, 1979–82, then was at Chelsea College of Art, 1989–94. Exhibitions included Summer Exhibition at University Gallery, Newcastle upon Tyne, 1993; Small Works at Argile Gallery and Spirit of Place, Piece Hall Gallery in

Halifax, both 1994; Tricycle Gallery and Pacesetters at Peterborough Museum and Art Gallery, both 1995; and New Contemporaries, at Tate Gallery, Liverpool and Camden Arts Centre, 1996.

Lived in London.

Mary KENNY 1959– Sculptor, teacher and artist involved in performance-related and community arts work. She attended Bournville School of Arts and Crafts, Birmingham, 1975–7; graduated from Bath Academy of Art, 1977–80; and did apprentice training with a stone-carver and mason in Bristol, 1980–1. Her mixed appearances included British Women Artists’ Diary exhibition at York Festival, 1988, and she also showed on a number of occasions at Cleveland and Central Galleries, Bath. Had a solo show at Cross Community Centre, Pontardawe, sponsored by WAC, 1985. In 1985 completed Big Grinning Fish, at Skyros, Greece, and Flying the Kite, Portland Sculpture Park, and in 1986–7 Souvenir of Tomorrow at Sculpture Park, Villany, Hungary, sponsored by British Council. She taught at a school for maladjusted children for a time, and also lectured at Gloucester College of Art and Design and North Staffordshire College of Art. Worked in Edinburgh, where she was involved in Theatre Workshop arts resource team.

Self-taught sculptor in porcelain of wild flowers and animals, born in Ewell, Surrey. From 1965–90 she was a schoolteacher, then was self-employed as an artist. Was a member of RMS and SWA and a foundermember of the Society of Botanical Artists, showing at Mall and Westminster Galleries. Kennish said that her “chief influence has been my surroundings. I have always been fortunate and lived in a rural environment.” Lived in Little London, Hampshire. Jenny KENNISH 1944–

Chris KENNY 1959– Painter, creator of artist’s boxes

and books and collage “poetry”, and teacher, born in Fleet, Hampshire. He studied at Courtauld Institute of Art, 1979–82, then became an artist and part-time teacher. Surrealism was one influence on Kenny’s work, psychology-mythology being notable themes. Produced a record cover for The Fall, 1986. Other commissions included an artist’s book, Little Journeys into the Heavenly Country, 1992; Four Seasons Tree Cycle, for Music Sales Ltd, 1993; a series of collages and installations for The Cross, from 1998; and Works for West Street Hotel, 2001. Mixed shows included Riverside Open from 1985; London art fairs from 1990, the year when he was main prizewinner at LG annual exhibition; Six Young British Painters, toured Spain, 1991–2; Art in Boxes, England & Co, from 1992; and British Surrealism 1935–95, same venue, 1995. Had a solo show at Birch & Conran in 1989, 1994 venues including Brighton Marina, High Wycombe Museum and Aylesbury Museum. England & Co, which often featured Kenny’s distinctive constructions from twigs, in 2003 gave him a solo exhibition: Part of me is floating above myself. This followed an acquisition by the Victoria & Albert Museum and Museum of London of Kenny’s work. Baker & McKenzie, National Westminster Bank in Madrid and University of South Australia’s book collection hold examples.

Sculptor and creator of painted wood reliefs, draughtsman and teacher. He was born in Liverpool where he attended the College of Art, 1959–61, then Slade School of Fine Art, 1961–4. He won a prize in the Littlewoods Sculptural Design Competition, 1964; a Sainsbury Award, 1965; then a series of Arts Council Awards. Elected RA in 1986, from 1995 being its treasurer and a trustee; was elected RBS, 1992, and RWA, 1997. He taught at Goldsmiths’ College, 1966–88, from 1983–8 as head of fine art; at the Slade, 1971– 82; then from 1995 was principal of the City & Guilds of London Art School. Kenny fulfilled a number of public commissions, including Bank of Switzerland in London and Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge. In his work, which can be monumental in concept and scale yet light and airy in conception, it has been said that Kenny alludes to the human presence but it is never fully described. He participated in many mixed shows in Britain and abroad and had solo exhibitions at Bear Lane Gallery, Oxford; Hanover Gallery; Annely Juda Fine Art; a retrospective show at Michael KENNY 1941–1999

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Wilhelm-Lehmbruck Museum, Duisburg, in 1984; Hansard Gallery, Southampton, 1990; The Poussin Series at Dulwich Picture Gallery, 1994, after a residency there, 1992–3; Lamont Gallery, 1996; and Coram Gallery, 1997, touring to RWA, 1998. Hart Gallery held a small memorial show in 2002 and in 2005 the RA displayed Kenny’s Stations of the Cross, donated to it by the artist’s widow. Arts Council, British Council, British Museum and many other British and foreign collections hold his work. Lived in London.

1990; Piano Nobile, Richmond, from 1991; and Christ Church College, Canterbury, 1994. The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, London Docklands Development Corporation and Dorland Advertising commissioned Kenny’s work.

Caroline KENT 1963– Painter, illustrator and teacher,

born in Rotherham, Yorkshire. She studied at Bretton Hall, Leeds University, and taught painting for four years at Worksop College and at Ranby House School. Kent’s work, stemming from a detailed study of flora and fauna, sometimes resulted in slightly surreal images, as in her solo exhibition presented by James Colman at Montpelier Sandelson, 2001. Colman organised another show in 2004. Other shows included Laing Landscape Competition, Harrogate (highly commended), 1988; 30 Wildlife Artists, Mall Galleries, 1992; and South Yorkshire Open Art, Cooper Gallery, Barnsley (highly commended), 1994.

Photographer who took a searching look at the natural world, locations including the Applecross peninsula in northwest Scotland, the Inner Hebrides and the Forest of Bowland in his native Lancashire, where he was born in Salford. Albrecht Dürer and John Ruskin were influences on Kenny’s metamorphic and minute studies of phenomena such as shards of ice and splashes of light. These were shown in Secrets of Dark Contemplation at Purdy Hicks Gallery, 2000, and at the Harris Museum & Art Gallery, Preston (which holds his work), 2001. Kenny’s residencies and commissions included Harris Museum & Art Gallery, 1997–8; ArtBarns: after Kurt Schwitters, commissioned by Projects Environment, 1999; River Lune Millennium Park Project, 1999–00; and Ballinglen Arts Foundation, County Mayo, Ireland, fellowship, 2000. North West Water, Deutsche Bank, Ballinglen Archive and Goldman Sachs hold examples. Paul KENNY 1951–

Painter and teacher who studied at Watford School of Art and Bath Academy of Art, Corsham. Worked for a time as a designer, from 1974 teaching part-time in south London. Among his shows was Five at Woodlands Art Gallery, 1982. Christopher KENT 1950–

Colin KENT 1934– Watercolourist, born in London,

who studied painting and architecture at Walthamstow College of Art. Worked for some years as a qualified architect. Was elected RI in 1971. Kent was noted for his watercolours of marshland and waterside, often imbued with an atmosphere of isolation. Showed regularly at RI, of which he was a member, as well as RA, RWA, Guildhall and elsewhere in Britain and America. In 2002 shared a show at Linda Blackstone Gallery, Pinner. Had a solo exhibition at Adam Gallery, Bath, 1995–6. Lived in Essex.

Paul KENNY 1960– Painter, born in Lisburn, Antrim,

Northern Ireland, who gained a higher diploma from the Slade School of Fine Art, 1983–5. His colourful, atmospheric views of Britain and abroad were, said London Evening Standard critic Brian Sewell, “not deliberate and specific landscapes, but, like those of Turner and Constable before him, references to the spirit of the place.” Mixed shows included The Art of Living, Leighton House, 1986; Singer & Friedlander/Sunday Times Watercolour Competition, Mall Galleries, 1988; An English Summer, Medici Galleries, 1992; and Summer Show, Metropole Arts Centre, Folkestone, from 1996. Solo shows included Anna-Mei Chadwick,

Sculptor in wood of totemic sculptures, who graduated with honours in fine art from University of East London, 1993–6. Worked at Grizedale Forest, Cumbria, and Eye Town Moors Woodland, Suffolk, both 1996, and on a sculpture

Giles KENT 1967–

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People of Britain and Britain in Pictures. Lived at Bolton-le-Bowland, Clitheroe, Lancashire.

trail in private woods in Lincolnshire, 1996–7, to which he added in 1999. In that year he was elected an associate of RBS, having gained its Membership Bursary from January 1997. Participated in an International Wood Sculpture Symposium, Czech Republic later that year. Other events included a residency at Hannah Peschar Sculpture Garden, Ockley, 1999, and private commissions in British Columbia in Canada, Scotland and Wiltshire in 2002. Kent participated in many group shows and had a series of solo exhibitions, later ones including RBS, Worthing Museum & Art Gallery and Framework Gallery, all 2002. Had a studio in south London, open to the public, where he exhibited quirky, smaller pieces.

Sarah KENT 1941– Painter and teacher, using acrylic

on canvas and creating geometrical abstracts. She was born in Rugby, Warwickshire, and attended Slade School of Fine Art, 1960–6. Teaching included Southend School of Art, City Literary Institute and Hornsey College of Art. Kent was included in Camden Arts Centre’s 1967 Survey ’67 Abstract Painters, her pictures consisting of layers of paint applied between masking tape in the form of narrow stripes, these being built up into a low relief. From this show the Arts Council acquired Orthian 1, of 1966. Also exhibited at Young Contemporaries, Free Painters and Ian KENT 1944– Designer and painter who studied Sculptors and Ben Uri Gallery. design at Stoke-on-Trent College of Art. He began painting in early 1980s. Mixed show appearances William KENTRIDGE 1955– Graphic artist, included Stoke’s City Museum and Art Gallery, printmaker, film-and video-maker and teacher, Portal Gallery and Art in Boxes at England & Co, born in Johannesburg, South Africa. From 1973– 6 attended University of the Witwatersrand, 1991. graduating in politics and African studies. During Jo KENT 1946– Artist and poet; her artworks were that time he helped found the Junction Avenue characterised by dense lettering, as in Hopscotch Theatre Company. From 1976–8 studied under Bill Box, included in Art in Boxes at England & Co, Ainslie at Johannesburg Art Foundation, teaching 1991. Also appeared in group shows at Stoke-on- etching there, 1978–80. From 1981–2 Kentridge Trent City Museum and Art Gallery, Worcester studied mime and theatre at École Jacques Lecoq, City Museum and Art Gallery and Centre Gallery Paris. After this for two years was an art director on television series and feature films. Kentridge in Staffordshire, where she lived. had begun showing solo, 1979–81, at Market Leslie KENT 1890–1980 Oil painter, mainly of marine Gallery, Johannesburg. From 1987 had a series of and coastal scenes. After education at Bedales and shows at Vanessa Devereux Gallery, London. In Leeds University he studied painting under Fred 1990 his work was featured in the Museum of Milner, in St Ives, 1918–20. Exhibited widely at Modern Art, Oxford, touring exhibition Art from RA, NEAC, Goupil Gallery, RBA, ROI, RSA, at South Africa. The year following, Kentridge won the Paris Salon and in the provinces. Was a global the Rembrandt Gold Medal at the Cape Town traveller. His work has a simple, colourful Triennial. This was for Sobriety, Obesity & directness. Lived at Radlett, Hertfordshire. Growing Old, one of a number of films and videos in which Kentridge was involved; such work was Mary KENT 1915– Painter in oil whose full name was Mary Kent Harrison. During most of the 1930s often imbued with compassion and emotional she studied at Kingston School of Art, the Slade intensity. Kentridge has been described as “one of School of Fine Art and Academy Schools. South Africa’s most impressive political artists”. Exhibited widely in the provinces as well as RA, Had a Serpentine Gallery solo exhibition in 1999, NEAC, RP, RSA, UA and Leicester Galleries. Had another of animated films at Spacex Gallery, a special interest in dancing. Work reproduced in Exeter, in 2004. In that year there was a retrospective at the Museum of Contemporary Art 38

in Sydney, Australia.

being a British Commonwealth lecturer; publishing several classic reference works on the underwater world; and teaching young people on scientific expeditions. Member of London Sketch Club and chairman of Chelsea Arts Club, 1967. National Gallery bought a war drawing by him.

John Dalzell KENWORTHY 1858–1954 Mainly a portrait painter, Kenworthy was born in Whitehaven, Cumberland, where he died, having lived for many years at St Bees. Exhibited RA, RCamA and Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool.

Artist, born in London, who attended Hornsey College of Art, 1959–62, and Byam Shaw School of Art, 1962–3. Keon did a variety of jobs – ranging from school and foundation course teaching through bus conducting – which led to a lapse in his wish to paint. This he took up again in 1988, which led to several exhibitions in the early 1990s. In 1994 was included in Kerb Scrawlers at The Living Room, Greenwich, in 1996 having a solo show at Francis Kyle Gallery. Gerry KEON 1942–

Jonathan KENWORTHY 1943– Sculptor of wildlife

in action who was born in Westmorland. He attended the Royal Academy Schools from 1961, also studying anatomy at the Royal Veterinary College. Kenworthy used a Schools Gold Medal Travelling Scholarship to make an initial visit to Africa. Further annual trips there followed to further his knowledge of the continent’s wildlife. In 1977 he visited Nepal and Afghanistan. Kenworthy early on began to take part in group and solo shows, including the RA Summer Exhibition. His notable sculptures included a memorial for the writer Ernest Hemingway’s burial place in Ketchum, Idaho, America; and The Leopard, 1985, commissioned by the property developer Wates for 20 Cannon Street. It is depicted and described in Philip Ward-Jackson’s Public Sculpture of the City of London. In 1993, Kenworthy showed a similar piece in the RBS Chelsea Harbour show Sculpture 93.

Ley KENYON 1913–1990 Painter, illustrator, designer, teacher and diver, born in London where he lived for much of his life, but died in New Mexico. After Marylebone Grammar School Kenyon studied at Central School of Art and Crafts, 1931–4, where his teachers included Bernard Meninsky and William Roberts. Although during World War II he volunteered for submarine duty he was placed in the Royal Air Force, manned the rear gun turret of a bomber on 45 missions and won the Distinguished Flying Cross. Was imprisoned in Stalag Luft III prison camp where he was involved in the famous Great Escape tunnel project, forging identity passes and papers and making an invaluable record of the burrowing, later used as material for films. After the war he became a keen diver and his subsequent career included helping Jacques Cousteau with underwater filming;

Painter of pictures in which the amalgamation of several scenes within a single canvas produced an enigmatic quality, emphasised by the titling. Keown was born in Fermanagh, Northern Ireland, graduating with firstclass honours in fine art from University of Ulster, Belfast. Awards included Bass Ireland Award at Belfast Young Contemporaries, the President’s Prize at RUA and Student’s Award, Arts Society of Ulster, all 1997; Best Abstract Work/Morrigan Press Award and Cavehill Gallery Invitation Award, both RUA, 1998; and The Ireland Fund of Great Britain Artist of the Year Award, 2001. Among other mixed shows were a Group Exhibition of Irish Women Artists, Washington State Convention & Trade Center, Seattle, America, 2000. Later solo exhibitions included Solomon Gallery, Dublin, Ireland, and Tavira Galeria de Arte, Bilbao, Spain (where Keown lived), both 2001, and Pyms Gallery, 2002. The Department of Education, Northern Ireland Office of Public Works and several corporate collections hold examples. Mary Theresa KEOWN 1974–

Designer and sculptor, one of the Polish paper sculptors who made such an impact in Britain after World War II. After studying at Lvov Institute of Technology, he graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw and became involved in designing for a Jan KĘPIŃSKI 1907–

39

heavy industry firm including exhibition stands for international trade fairs. Imprisoned in Germany in World War II, he designed posters, stamps and arranged art exhibitions. Released and in Meppen, Kępiński managed the Polish section of the Young Men’s Christian Association’s decorative studio and was noted for his monumental eagles created from one sheet of paper for the 1st Polish Armoured Division’s canteen. He continued such work with the Association throughout Britain after the war. Kępiński then worked with the important Diana Studio; with Antoni Dobrowolski designed for many industrial clients; produced stage designs for The Nutcracker with Margot Fonteyn; and created scenery for television productions. In 1959 Kępiński opened his own studio and worked with Mieczyslaw Malski on producing metal relief sculptures in heavy-gauge steel, copper and aluminium until the mid-1980s. Working with the Central Office of Information, Kępiński created emblems and heraldic elements for pavilions at international fairs. Another important client was the Leeds Permanent Building Society. He was included in Polish Paper Sculpture at Polish Cultural Institute and had a solo show of photographs there, both 1995.

Janice KERBEL 1969– Artist employing media such

as aerial photographs, survey maps, cork, wood and a briefcase, as in her 1999 East International submission Plans (Bank job: 15 Lombard Street), of 1998, at Norwich School of Art & Design. She was born in Toronto, Canada, studying at Western Ontario Emily Carr College of Art and Design, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, and Goldsmiths’ College School of Art. Lived in London. Pavlo KERESTEY: see SZUPER GALLERY

Watercolourist, draughtsman and teacher, born in Swinton, Lancashire. Studied at Manchester School of Art, 1923–7, with John Willock, then at Royal College of Art, 1927–31, with Reco Capey and Ernest Tristram. Taught for a period at Bolton School of Art and did some book illustration. Lived at Harrow Weald, Middlesex. Roma

KERFOOT

1905–

Judith KERLANDER fl. from 1960s– Artist

in many media and teacher, wife of the sculptor Leonard Kerlander. She studied at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1960–4, specialising in sculpture; Hammersmith College of Art and Building, 1970– 1, concentrating on welding; then Thomas Huxley College, 1975–8, for a Bachelor of Education degree course. In 1969 she went to modelling and sculpture workshop at Shepperton Film Studios, working on the films Anne of a Thousand Days and Oliver Cromwell. From 1980–4 she was involved in fashion-oriented silkscreen design and printing, clients including Liberty and Norman Hartnell. She also designed and made hats for The Hat Shop, Benny Yong and John Lewis. From 1983 Kerlander taught silk painting and miniature painting at Chiswick. Showed at RA from 1968; Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, 1971; Woodstock Gallery, 1973; Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1975; Camden Arts Centre, 1979; and Greenwich Theatre Gallery, 1987. Lived in London.

Jessie KEPPIE 1868–1951 Watercolourist, born in Glasgow. She attended the School of Art there with Fra Newbery and James Dunlop among her teachers. Exhibited extensively at RSW, of which she was a member from 1934, and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, RSA, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, and elsewhere in the provinces. Member of Glasgow Lady Artists’ Club. She joined in 1902, six years after she had broken off her engagement to the architect and artist Charles Rennie Mackintosh and two after she had left the School of Art. Keppie was treasurer of the Lady Artists, 1922, and president 1928–31, having won its Lauder Award in 1930. Her brother was the architect John Keppie, her sister the artist Helen Leonard KERLANDER 1940– Sculptor and teacher, Hopkins Keppie. Lived in Prestwick, Ayrshire. born and lived in London, husband of the artist 40

Judith Kerlander, who studied under Karel Vogel at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts between 1954–60. In the early-1960s Kerlander was involved in film work: Cleopatra at Pinewood Studios, and at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer modelling for Satan Never Sleeps. Around the same time Kerlander taught for a period at Camberwell; helped cast a monument for the Caribbean Athletics Stadium in Kingston, Jamaica; did portrait-casting work for the sculptor Archibald Ziegler; taught sculpture to physically handicapped people in Islington; and taught art to adults at Woolwich Art Centre. In 1964 Kerlander began teaching sculpture, drawing and painting at what became the City College of Further Education. In 1966 he carried out life-size figures for Expo ’67, in 1968 showing at Camden Arts Centre.

jointly with artist Pierre Imhof as Imker, as in Trans Encounter, Phoenix Gallery, Brighton, 2002. In 2003, Broadbent showed explorations of her Petrushka and Karo Series.

Lesley KERMAN fl. from mid-1960s– Versatile artist, teacher and writer on art, who gained an honours degree in fine art at University of Durham, 1964.

From then she lectured in art and art and design history, latterly as head of the department of humanities performance and media at the University of Plymouth. Among her publications was Graham Rich, The Search for Form, a Memoir, 1997. Mixed exhibitions included Young Contemporaries, from 1962; Spacex Artists Drawing Show, Spacex Gallery, Exeter, 1984; and Push the Boat Out, Swansea Arts Workshop Gallery, Swansea, 1997. Solo exhibitions included Paintings, Gallery 273, Queen Mary College, 1967; Paintings, Exe Gallery, Exeter, 1985; and Fair Play, University of Exeter Conference on Women in the South West, 1996. Lived in Topsham, Devon.

Patricia KERLEY 1919– Painter and teacher, born in

Hove, Sussex. After attending Brighton and Hove Doreen KERN 1931– Sculptor in bronze. Technical High School she studied at Brighton College of knowledge was acquired while working at The Art, 1947–51, her teachers including Charles Morris Singer Foundry, and she also studied at The Knight and Charles Morris, then the Royal Hampstead Garden Suburb Institute. Showed at Academy Schools, 1951–5, where she learned from Bristol Cathedral; London University; Brighton Bernard Fleetwood-Walker and Henry Rushbury. Museum & Art Gallery; Waterloo Fine Arts; and Exhibited RA, RP, SBA, Association of Sussex widely abroad. Did consultancy work for British Artists and Arts Council. Lived in Hove, Sussex, Museum. Lived in Edgware, Middlesex. then in Marlborough, Wiltshire. Theador(e) KERN 1900–1969 Painter, sculptor and stained glass artist, born in Salzburg, Austria. He Ingrid KERMA 1942– Abstract artist and teacher, born in Eberswalde, Germany, who gained an worked in England from 1938 and taught at Luton honours degree under Terry Frost at Reading School of Art. In the early 1950s, the artist and University’s fine art department, 1972–6, winning designer Gordon House was his assistant. Kern the Owen Ridley Prize. Gained her master’s degree was commissioned by the monks of Buckfast in fine art from Goldsmiths’ College, 1990–2. Abbey, among others, to make ecclesiastical Taught for many years: at Reading, also at sculpture. His oil painting Manifest, showing a Falmouth and St Martin’s Schools of Art. pronounced Eastern European influence in its Exhibitions included New Contemporaries at strong colours and brushwork, is in St Paul’s Camden Arts Centre, 1975; John Moores Liverpool Church, Bedford. Lived in Hitchin, Hertfordshire. Exhibition, 1976; Whitechapel Open at Antony KERR 1924– Painter of landscape, Whitechapel Gallery from 1981; New architectural, monumental and narrative figure Acquaintances at Fabian Carlsson Gallery, 1986; subjects, sometime etcher and teacher. He was born Chisenhale Studios, 1988; and Bedford Gallery, in Gloucester, his father a poet, William Kerr. He 1995, as well as extensively in Germany. Arts was educated at St Paul’s School and the Slade Council, Portsmouth City Art Gallery and Reading School of Fine Art under Randolph Schwabe, University hold examples. Lived and worked in interrupted by Army service. Taught with Kyffin Berlin and London. Intermittently, Kerma worked 41

of Art, in 1981–2 gaining a diploma in embroidery and textiles at Goldsmiths’ College. Between 1970–87 she was head of the art department at Bloomfield Collegiate School, Belfast; gained a fellowship in creative embroidery at Belfast College of Art, 1977; and in 1978 was featured in Ulster Television’s Portrait of the Artist. From 1987 she worked full-time at a studio in Dundrum, County Down. Showed regularly with RUA and RHA and in Dublin and Belfast at the Irish Exhibition of Living Art. Group shows included Material Evidence at Camden Arts Centre, 1985, and Stitched Textiles, at Commonwealth Institute Gallery, 1989. Solo shows included Ulster Arts Club, 1990, and Cavehill Gallery, 1991, both in Belfast.

Williams at Highgate School and at St George’s College, Weybridge. Kerr liked panoramic views, in oil and latterly especially watercolour, aiming “to capture the spirit of each place” and “the weather of the changing year.” Views included the Welsh Borders area, continental Europe and South Africa. He exhibited first in Artists of Fame and Promise, Leicester Galleries, 1942, among his later mixed shows being the RA Summer Exhibition, NEAC, Contemporary Portrait Society and Fine Art Society. Exhibitions included a retrospective at Hereford Museum and Art Gallery, 1999, by which time Kerr had had almost solo 50 exhibitions and joint shows with his wife Elizabeth Rendell, venues including Austria, Germany and America. He lived in Almeley, Herefordshire. Bernadette KERR 1958– Kerr graduated with honours

Janet KERR 1947– Artist born in Hornchurch, Essex, who studied foundation at Thurrock Technical College, graphic design at North London Polytechnic and fine art privately. From 1969–78 she worked as a designer, starting to paint fulltime when her daughter was born in order to spend more time at home. Among her teachers were Charles Bartlett, Leslie Worth, Maurice Sheppard, Francis Bowyer, Cliff Bayley and David Gluck. Kerr was made a fellow of RWS in 1997. In 1995, she won the Daler-Rowney Award for watercolour painting. Exhibitions included RSA; Six Artists at Clairmonte Galleries, Brighton; Singer & Friedlander/Sunday Times Watercolour Competition and Exhibition; Northern Prospects, Harewood House, near Leeds; solo at Oak Tree Studios Gallery, Shipley; and Autumn Exhibition, 2001, and September Show, 2003, both at The Wykeham Gallery, Stockbridge. Lived in Norland, Sowerby Bridge, West Yorkshire.

from Trent Polytechnic, Nottingham, in 1978–81, gaining her higher diploma from the Slade School of Fine Art, 1982–4, and in the latter year a Boise Travelling Scholarship to Italy. In 1989 she won a Rome Award. Group shows included New Contemporaries, ICA, 1981; Domus Aurea, The Winchester Gallery, 1988; and East End Open Studios, at Metropolitan Wharf, 1989.

Elizabeth Lamorna KERR 1904–1990 Painter, driftwood sculptor and teacher, daughter of the painter Samuel John Lamorna Birch, she was his model, and sat for the circle of painters including Augustus John, T C Gotch and Laura and Harold Knight. She was born and died at Flagstaff Cottage, Lamorna Cove, Cornwall. After working in London as a milliner she moved to Cornwall in the late 1930s with her husband, James Lennox Kerr, who as Peter Dawlish wrote books for boys. Mornie, as she was known, exhibited at the RA, 1939–51; promoted her father’s work; and taught and showed with her own group of artists. Her still life and landscape studies are notable for their handling of light.

Artist in Batik and Batikembroidery, and teacher, married to the artist Richard John Croft. She studied textiles at Belfast College of Art in the 1950s and at Brighton College

Painter, draughtsman and designer of textiles who was born in Berlin, Germany. She was educated in Germany, France and England and then studied at Central School of Arts and Crafts with John Farleigh, Bernard Meninsky and Ruskin Spear. Showed RA, LG and elsewhere and lived in London.

Judith KERR 1923–

Helen KERR 1936–

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Natasha KERR 1968–

Versatile artist, born at

Birkenhead, Cheshire, who studied fashion textiles at Brighton Polytechnic, 1988–92, then diversified. Exhibitions included Contemporary Applied Arts, from 1995; Imaginary Places, Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, tour, 1997–8; Inner Space, The Orangery, Holland Park, and Fine Art Society, both 1999. Among later solo exhibitions were the Friends’ Room, Victoria & Albert Museum, 1999. Carried out a wide range of public commissions, including Gefinor Bank, New York, America, two hangings, 1997; Royal Mail Suffragette Millennium Stamp (released 1999), 1998; and Caribbean Cruise Liners Eagle 1 and Eagle 2, total 11 wall hangings, 1999. Kerr’s studio was in London.

as in the mobiles, but also in the form-making power of time, time as expressed by repetition and change, by sequence and seriality.” Kerr (pronounced Carr) later worked at the Photographers’ Gallery.

Exclusively a portrait painter, Kershaw undertook both projects and private commissions. He was born in York and studied at Edinburgh University and Art College. From 2000–4 he was artist-in-residence, Shell House Gallery, Ledbury. Poetraits, portraits of poets, was an exhibition tour from 2003, venues including the University of Liverpool Senate House in 2005. That University holds his work. Kershaw lived in Birmingham.

Graham KERSHAW 1977–

Painter and designer, born in Peking, China. She was educated at Benenden School, then studied art at Byam Shaw School of Drawing and Painting, Central School of Arts and Crafts, during World War II in India, then Heatherley’s School of Fine Art. She moved to Newport, Monmouthshire, around 1950 and had a solo show there in 1953 at Cheltenham Hall. Also showed SEA, SWG and WAC. It holds her work, as do CASW and Newport Art Gallery and Museum. Nora Jean KERR 1908–1956

Walter KERSHAW 1940– Painter and muralist, born in Rochdale, Lancashire. He was educated at De la Salle College, Salford, 1951–8, and graduated from department of fine art at Durham University, 1958–62, with honours, after which he was selfemployed as an artist. In 1972 Kershaw made his home at Littleborough, in the Pennines, where a large studio enabled him to create on a panoramic scale. From the age of 13 he painted the Lancashire landscape and he was to be a pioneer of industrial murals in Britain. From 1977–9 he was awarded a major grant, jointly financed by the Gulbenkian Foundation and North West Arts, to establish external mural painting in the Lancashire area. His mural at Trafford Park, Manchester, was claimed to be the world’s largest industrial painting of its type and it took him four years to finish. He worked extensively abroad, notably in Brazil. Major group and solo shows included Bear Lane Gallery, Oxford, 1962; Salford Art Gallery, from 1969; House of Commons, 1972; and Lancashire South of the Sands, which toured from County and Regimental Museum, Preston, 1988. Victoria & Albert Museum, The British Council, Salford University and overseas collections hold examples.

Self-taught artist, born in London. She was a member of Free Painters and Sculptors, also exhibiting with Woodstock Gallery and at Gray Art Gallery & Museum, Hartlepool. Lived in Shepperton, Middlesex. Susan KERR 1944–

Suzy KERR 1957– Systems-based artist, born and lived in London, who studied at Bath Academy of Art, 1975–9, then at Brighton Polytechnic, 1980– 1, with a Polish Government Scholarship to Warsaw, 1982–3. Group exhibitions included Sally East Gallery, 1979; 3 Constructivists, Building Design Partnership, Preston, 1980; House Construction Show, House Gallery, and 9 Printmakers, Brighton Polytechnic, both 1981; 7th British International Print Biennale, Bradford, 1982; and Series, Quay Arts Centre, Newport, Isle of Wight, 1983. Kerr then said that her “interest is in revealing process; not only movement in time,

Artist, born in Budapest, Hungary, who gained a diploma in visual art at Swinburne University, Melbourne, Australia; graduated in fine art from Victorian College of the

Károly KESERÜ 1962–

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Arts, Melbourne, 1997–9; and gained his master’s at Central St Martins College of Art & Design, 2000–1. Awards included Victorian Campus Art Prize, 1998; Hopkins Property Design Competition for Gallery Tower, Victorian College of the Arts Student Union Prize and Julian Counsel Acquisitive Award, all 1999; and The Anne & Gordon Samstag International Visual Arts Scholarship of £30,000 in 2000. As well as mixed show exhibiting in Hungary and Australia, Keserü was in 2001 included in Exhibition for the Queen’s Visit, Goodenough College; and in 2002 in the Ida Branson Memorial Bequest Exhibition, The Atkinson Gallery, Street, Somerset, in New Inventive Works, e1 gallery, and RA Summer Exhibition. Later solo shows included Aprosagok, Mu–Terem Galeria, Debrecen, Hungary and Folkmodern, George Paton Gallery, Melbourne, both 1999; and Folkmodern II, John Buckley Fine Art, Melbourne, 2000. In 2005, eye candy showed Keserü’s work at the London Art Fair. Central St Martins, The London Institute and Australian and European private collections hold examples. Lived in London.

painting, in 1939, she executed the Judith and Holofernes mural at Westminster Hospital. In 1945 she travelled through Germany as an Official War Artist, visiting Belsen and Berlin; her journal and the resulting pictures are often harrowing, extracts from the diary being published in The Cornhill magazine in 1946. Had her initial solo show at Leicester Galleries in 1950, the first of a series, also showing at New Grafton Gallery in 1969. From 1952–6 Kessell lectured in jewellery design at Central School, from 1957–76 being a visiting teacher at London College of Printing. She also executed two big murals for ICI; went on an assignment for Oxfam in India in 1967; and did graphic work for Shell, London Transport, Vogue magazine and others. Imperial War Museum, Tate Gallery and other public collections hold her work.

Painter, stage designer, muralist, book illustrator and teacher, born in London, where he settled, of parents emigrated recently from eastern Europe. He studied at Central School of Art, 1922–5, with Bernard Meninsky, then at Royal College of Art, 1926–9, where he developed an interest in theatre design. Among his theatrical work was Sadler’s Wells production of Carmen, for Tyrone Guthrie, 1940, and Laurence Olivier’s Richard III and The Alchemist at The Old Vic in the following years. Kestelman did murals for Victoria & Albert Museum exhibition in 1946 and was included in Mural Art To-Day there in 1960. From 1951–71 Kestelman was Central School’s head of fine art. Was elected LG, and Senior RA, 1996. Had a solo show at Upper Grosvenor Gallery, 1961, later ones including Sally Hunter Fine Art, 1987, and Boundary Gallery from 1989. In 1983 Kestelman won an Abbey Major Award in Painting Prize. Arts Council, Contemporary Art Society and Victoria & Albert Museum hold his work. There were memorial shows at Boundary Gallery and the Friends’ Room, RA, both 2001, with other exhibitions at Lauderdale House, 2002 and 2003, and the London Jewish Cultural Centre, 2004. His daughter was the actress Sara Kestelman. Morris KESTELMAN 1905–1998

James KESSELL 1915–1978 Painter, mainly in oil, born in Coventry where he continued to live, son of the watercolourist James Everett Kessell. Studied at Coventry School of Art, 1928–34 and 1945–52. Exhibited RA, NS, ROI, RBA and RSMA. Towards the end of his life he ran his own art school. Kessell, who also showed abroad, had a series of one-man shows, including Herbert Art Gallery, Coventry, and Coventry Cathedral, in 1973. He painted portraits of a number of senior figures in the Anglican church. Herbert Art Gallery holds his works One up for the Sky Blues and Cardiff Docks.

Painter, designer, draughtsman and teacher, born in London, where she continued to work. She was married to the designer Tom Eckersley. Kessell studied at Clapham School of Art, 1935–7, and the Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1937–9. In 1937 she was commissioned to illustrate Osbert Sitwell’s book Mrs Kimber, then shortly after she began Jean KETCHER 1955– Painter and teacher, born and Mary KESSELL 1914–1977

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lived in Ipswich, Suffolk, where she studied at the School of Art, 1971–3, graduating from Maidstone College of Art, 1973–6. She was an Ipswich Art Club member who showed in East Anglia, notably at the Corn Exchange in Ipswich and at Halesworth Gallery.

Painter, born in Dorset. She studied at Bournemouth and Poole College of Art and Design, 1973–7. Was interested in how a painting could become part of the surrounding architecture, working on board on a small scale, creating “studs of colour”. She showed in Contemporary Art Society Market, RA Summer Alice KETTLE 1961– Artist and teacher, notable for Exhibition and was included in John Moores machine embroideries that could have a Dufyesque Liverpool Exhibition in 1987. Lived in Sapperton, quality. She was born in Winchester, Hampshire, Gloucestershire. and gained an honours degree in fine art at the University of Reading, 1979–84, gaining a Anthony KEY 1949– Artist born in South Africa, who postgraduate diploma in textile art from attended Cape Town University, 1972; South Bank Goldsmiths’ College, 1985–6. Kettle received a Polytechnic, 1975; West Surrey College of Art & string of grants and awards, latterly including Design, Farnham, 1995; and Brighton University, Bernina and Kreinik Awards, both 1999; Southern 1997. Exhibitions included DNA at Whiteley’s and South East Arts Major mid-career award, 2000; Gallery, 1995; Wait & See, Towner Art Gallery, and Arts Council National Touring Programme Eastbourne, 1997; and Honen-in, Kyoto, Japan, Award to Bankfield Museum, Halifax, 2002. She 1999, the year he was Artist of the Day at Flowers was a member of the Society of Designer- East, chosen by Ken Kiff. Craftsmen. Residencies included Cowes High School, 1987–8, and Canberra School of Art, Geoffrey KEY 1941– Painter, sculptor and teacher, Australia, 1997. She held many part-time and born Manchester, who attended the Regional visiting teaching posts, among them the College of Art there, 1958–61. He was head of art Winchester, Royal College and Chelsea Schools at Broughton High School, 1962–74, then was a of Art; Goldsmiths’ College; Embroiderers’ Guild; full-time artist. Key’s main subject themes were and the University of Ulster. Took part in numerous the figure, landscape and the horse. He was a mixed shows and had a series of solo exhibitions, member of the Manchester Academy, gaining first later ones including Art of the Stitch, Barbican prize there in 1971. Key showed at Salford Art Centre and tour, 1997 and 1999; Mythscapes, Gallery from 1966; Sheffield University and Southampton City Art Gallery, 2004; and abroad in 1974; other exhibitions including Harris Cheltenham Art Gallery & Museum, 2005. Among Museum and Art Gallery, Preston, 1983, Kettle’s commissions were an altar frontal, Holy Blackheath Gallery from 1989 and Barn Gallery, Sepulchre Chapel, Winchester Cathedral, 1994; Cheshire, 1991. Public galleries in Salford, Glimpses of India, MV Oriana, P&O Cruises, Manchester and Bolton hold his work. Lived in 1994–5; In Camera, High Court, Lawnmarket, Pendleton, Salford, Lancashire. Edinburgh, 1995–7; National Library of Australia, Joan KEY 1948– Artist and teacher, whose output Canberra, 1999; three altar frontals, high altar, included Minimalist painting and experimental Gloucester Cathedral, 1999–01; and Chagall prints, born in Lancashire, who studied at Liverpool Column, a response to Chagall windows at College of Art, 1967–8; Maidstone College of Art, Chichester Cathedral and at All Saints, Tudeley, 1968–71; and Royal College of Art, 1971–4. 2001. Portsmouth City Art Gallery; Otter Gallery, Lecturing included Maidstone, 1975–89; West Sussex Institute of Higher Education, Goldsmiths’ College, 1979–94; and Kent Institute, Chichester; Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester; Canterbury, from 1994; subjects included fine art, and Crafts Council are among many collections printmaking, textiles and art and critical theory. holding examples. Key curated a number of exhibitions, including B Kevill Davies 1954–

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WaterColour and Surface Tensions, 1993 and 1994, both at Curwen Gallery; and three more, with Paul Heber-Percy, Richard Salmon Gallery and tours, during 1996 and 1997; Plastic, Light and Craft. Group and mixed exhibitions included Seven Painters, Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge, and tour, 1980; Printing in Camden, Camden Arts Centre, 1984; Identities, Chisenhale Gallery, 1988; Modern British Prints, Curwen Gallery, 1991; and Contemporary British Drawings, Sandra Gearing Gallery, New York, America, 1997. Later solo exhibitions included Richard Salmon, 1996, and Galerie Hollenbach, Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. Arts Council, Tate Gallery, Kettle’s Yard and other public collections hold examples.

bourgeois existence. In 1976 he travelled to Europe for the first time, being asked to return and teach at Bath Academy, Corsham, in 1980. He was featured in Six Indian Painters at the Tate Gallery, 1982, at which time he was still practising accountancy to earn a living, while painting and writing stories in Gujarati. Khakhar’s oil on canvas You Can’t Please All, painted in 1981 and featuring a self-portrait, was bought by the Tate in 1996.

KHAN 1952– Painter and artist in mixed media and

found objects, born in Ranpur, India. He was an engineer who began studying art at Camden Arts Centre in 1976, showed in a mixed exhibition there two years later, then continued studying at Middlesex Polytechnic, 1978–9, and North-East Paul KEYSELL 1954– Painter and draughtsman London Polytechnic, 1979–82. His initial major whose figurative work had a strong dramatic exhibition showing was at John Moores Exhibition, content, born in Liverpool. He gained an honours Liverpool, in 1991–2, with Virgin of the Radiator. degree in illustration at Maidstone College of Art Lived in London. in 1977, then worked as a freelance illustrator for a wide range of clients including IPC Magazines, Balraj KHANNA 1940– Painter and writer, born in Virgin Records and Barrie and Jenkins. Had work Punjab, India. He received his Master of Arts in the Best of British Illustration Exhibition. In the degree in English literature from Chandigarh 1980s he sought to develop more personal work University and was down for Oxford University, and undertook postgraduate studies at University but a mishap prevented this, and he turned almost College of Wales, Aberystwyth. Showed with by chance to art. After a convalescent visit to MAFA, East Midlands Open and was in France, he had first one-man show at New Vision Aberystwyth Artists at The Deffett Francis Gallery, Centre Gallery in 1965, but continued to lead a diverse life. He was a foreign correspondent in the Swansea Institute of Higher Education, 1993. India-Pakistan War, 1971–2; won the Royal Society Bhupen KHAKHAR 1934– Self-taught painter, of Literature’s Winifred Holtby Prize for his novel ceramist, teacher and writer, born in Bombay, India, Nation of Fools in 1984; and was part-author of the family’s straitened conditions being the report Art on the South Bank, commissioned exacerbated by his father’s early death. While by the Greater London Council in 1986. Khanna qualifying as a chartered accountant Khakhar did some figurative work, but made a notable became absorbed by literature and art and, despite impact with colourful, kaleidoscopic, abstract family opposition, in 1962 enrolled for an art works, witty and original, which have been criticism course at the Faculty of Fine Arts, Baroda. compared to those of Klee and Miró but which are Began painting in a popular figurative, narrative unique. Participated in many international style, holding the first of a series of solo exhibitions exhibitions. Solo shows included Serpentine in Bombay in 1965; he was widely represented in Gallery, 1979; Horizon Gallery, 1987; The group shows in India and abroad. Khakhar went Museum of Modern Art, Wales, in Machynlleth, on to exploit his lack of formal training to produce 1994; and Fosterart, 2004. Ashmolean Museum in irreverent, apparently naïve art, at times employing Oxford, provincial galleries and National Gallery ready-made images and graffiti, featuring everyday of Modern Art, New Delhi, India, hold his work. life and ordinary people, targets including the Participated in The Other Story, Hayward Gallery, 46

1989–90, with tour. Lived in London.

earlier that year. Kiaer created models, paintings, drawings and found objects based on Yang Paeng Son, the sixteenth-century Confucian scholar who lived mostly in exile. Another exhibition followed in 2003. Also in 2003 Tate Britain featured work by Kiaer “examining the connection between Wittgenstein’s philosophy and Brueghel’s landscapes.” There was an exhibition at Alison Jacques Gallery in 2004.

Bharti KHER 1969– Artist producing brightly coloured figurative pictures such as Misappropriate Functions, which won a prize in Royal Over-Seas League Open, 1996. Kher was born in London and studied at Middlesex and Newcastle upon Tyne Polytechnics. Other mixed shows included Squires Gallery, Newcastle, 1989; Aspects of British Figurative Painting (1988–93), Milton Gallery, 1993; and Of Women – Icons/Stars/Feasts, Eicher Gallery in New Delhi, India, where Kher was based from 1993, held 1996. Solo shows included Art Heritage, New Delhi, 1995.

James KIBART 1912– Painter, designer and teacher,

born and lived in Leicester, where he attended the College of Art, 1928–35, teachers including A R Middleton Todd and J F Pettinger. For a time he was a consultant to the Graphic Art Studio. Kibart Christine KHONDJI 1947– Artist from a French- held senior positions in Leicester’s Sketch Club Iranian family who early on produced many and its Society of Artists. He showed at the public drawings that were “a shield against violence, gallery there and in Nottingham, elsewhere in the against a child’s helplessness”. Khondji spent her Midlands and in Edinburgh. childhood in France and Iran, attending school in Paris. She lived for many years in London before Michael KIDD 1937– Painter, designer and filmreturning to Paris, latterly spending most of her maker, born in London, who in his early teens time in France or India while leading a nomadic developed an enthusiasm for art. From 1951–5 he life. Khondji studied archaeology in Paris, was studied at Wimbledon Art School, then won a mainly interested in pre-history and visited ancient scholarship to the Royal College of Art, 1956–9, sites in Europe and Africa. She exhibited in where he concentrated on illustration and graphic Alexandria, Paris and London, including Obsessive design, with a final year in the embryonic film Visions, England & Co, 2001. Shortly before she school. Kidd worked for advertising agencies as a shared a show at that gallery in 2004 with Samira graphic designer, in 1963 joined J Walter Abbassy, Khondji was included in The Wellcome Thompson as an art director, then KMP, working Trust Gallery, Science Museum, exhibition for a period in its New York office as a creative Metamorphing: Transformation in Science, Art director. Among his commercials for television was one for Save the Children, which won many and Mythology. awards. After Wimbledon, Kidd did not paint until Ian KIAER 1971– Artist whose interest was artistic 1981, when he was inspired by Edward Hopper’s protagonists at odds with the ideologies of their pictures seen at the Hayward Gallery, “probably times, their response being aesthetic rather than the most influential show I’ve ever seen.” Alfred political resistance. He studied at the Slade School Hitchcock was Kidd’s other key influence. His of Fine Art, 1995, and the Royal College of Art, paintings, in which “people are there by their 2000. Kiaer was chosen by Francesco Bonami to absence,” gave the impression of being highly exhibit at Manifesta 3, in Ljubljana, Yugoslavia, detailed but were really “a whole series of dots and 2000, then Pier Luigi Tazzi, co-curator of strokes and splashes, and there are some serious Documenta X, invited him to show new work in straight lines here and there – but I’m more An Empty Spot to Stay, Watou, Belgium, 2001. In interested in giving the illusion of reality, and that year Asprey Jacques gave Kiaer his first solo keeping it simple.” RONA Gallery showed Kidd’s exhibition, largely comprising work made in work. response to a six-month stay in Seoul, South Korea, 47

Artist notable for his were “about places…neither wholly abstract nor portraits, working in oil, acrylic and silkscreen, representational. Making paintings is about born in Balham, south London. Studied at Slade handling paint, but in the handling they become School of Fine Art, 1976–82, graduating with visual metaphors”. Kidd taught at Trent honours, then completing a postgraduate course. Polytechnic and Reading University, 1975–6, and Kidd said that “although dependent on portraiture, at Newcastle University, 1976–80; lived in San I have been an experimentalist with the Francisco, California, America, on a Harkness contemporary side of my work.” Latterly, he Fellowship, 1980; then in New York from 1981; worked on “a completely original method of returning to England, 1987. Awards included Peter representation, involving silkscreen usage, the Stuyvesant Foundation, equal first prize, and a possibilities of which, I believe, were under- prize at John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, both exploited by the Pop Art movement”. Group 1974; and in 1976 an Arts Council Award and appearances included RA Summer Exhibition, Northern Arts Fellowship. Was featured in John 1978; National Portrait Gallery, 1981–2; RP, 1982– Moores in 2002. He shared an exhibition at The 3; ROI, 1983; RBA, 1983–4; Laing Landscape Stour Gallery, Shipston-on-Stour, 1998. Later solo Competition, 1983–4; Athena Art Competition, exhibitions included Mayor Rowan Gallery, 1990, 1985; and British Painters’ Open, Mall Galleries, and University Gallery, Northumbria University, 1989. Later solo shows included Pump House and Newcastle, 2002. Arts Council; Leicestershire Hyde Park Galleries, both 1992. Notable works Education Authority; Ulster Museum, Belfast; included portraits of HRH The Princess of Wales University of Glasgow; Clare College, Cambridge; and the Pop singer David Bowie. Dulwich College Museum of Modern Art, Rio de Janeiro; and and Y Tabernacl, The Museum of Modern Art, corporate collections hold examples. He lived at Machynlleth, which has his Self-Portrait and a North Shields, Tyne and Wear. portrait of Iwan Llewelyn-Jones, are among public owners of Kidd’s pictures. Lived in London. In Helen KIDDALL 1888–1980 Painter and keen amateur The Real Turner Prize show at 69 Rivington Street, musician. She entered Royal Academy Schools in 2001, Kidd was included as a “Tooting Stuckist”. 1912 for the five-year course where she was a friend of the painter Beatrice Lithiby. She later did Natasha KIDD 1973– Painter and teacher who a striking portrait of Miss Lithiby in the uniform graduated with honours from the Slade School of of a chief commander of the Auxiliary Territorial Fine Art, 1992–6, gaining her master’s there, 1996– Service. She exhibited at RA and elsewhere, 8. She was shortlisted for the Vordemberg producing many pictures of black children and Gildewart Prize, Annely Juda Fine Art, 1999, and flower still lifes. A devout Anglican, she is nominated for the Beuys Scholarship, 2000, described as having had “a strong sense of humour, deferred until 2001. Visiting teaching posts delighting in telling stories against herself”. Miss included Winchester College of Fine Art, 1997; Kiddall was a keen violinist who used to be Chelsea College of Art, 1999; and Liverpool Tate accompanied by her sister, with whom she lived education team, 2000. Kidd’s solo show at Felixstowe, Suffolk. Microswitch was held at Houldsworth Fine Art, 2000; for that, three painting machines devised by Robert KIDDEY 1900–1984 Sculptor, artist and teacher, born in Nottingham. Kiddey came to her created canvases in the gallery. prominence in the 1930s when he showed Richard KIDD 1952– Artist and teacher, born in frequently at RA and Salon des Beaux-Arts, Paris. Newcastle upon Tyne, who studied at the In 1932 examples of his work were exhibited at University there, 1970–4, then at the British School Goupil Gallery alongside pieces by Augustus John, at Rome, on an Abbey Major Scholarship, 1974– Eric Gill and Picasso. Kiddey taught at a technical 5. Kidd said that his strongly gestural paintings college in Newark-on-Trent and much of his work Michael Alan KIDD 1955–

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is to be found in the Nottinghamshire area, Michael KIDNER 1917– Systems-oriented artist who sometimes sculptures and bas-reliefs on a large was included in the key Systems Exhibition at scale. Whitechapel Art Gallery in 1972 and in Systems II at Polytechnic of Central London in 1973. For Hilda KIDMAN 1891– Painter and illustrator, born Kidner the canvas was “a sort of laboratory”, and near Hitchin, Hertfordshire. She was especially he was variously concerned with such features as noted for her pictures of flowers and children and shape as an ingredient for colour sensation, wave won an Hon. Mention at Paris Salon. Kidman forms and curved or warped planes. Born in studied at the Slade School of Fine Art under Henry Kettering, Northamptonshire, Kidner was at Tonks, Philip Wilson Steer and Walter Westley Cambridge University, 1936–9, after which he was Russell, Frank Calderon’s School of Animal during 1940–1 at Ohio State University. After five Painting and St John’s Wood School of Art. Her years in Canadian Army was at Goldsmiths’ pictures occasionally appeared on the covers of College, taking up painting full-time in 1953. Lived women’s magazines. Exhibited RA, RP, SWA and in Paris for a while, studying for several months RSA. Lived in Hitchin. at Atelier André Lhote. Kidner held a number of teaching posts, notably at Bath Academy of Art, E Martin KIDNER 1915–1984 Figurative artist, born in Wellington, New Zealand, who from infancy 1964–84. He had his first solo show at St Hilda’s grew up in England. After education at Colchester College, Oxford, in 1959; there was an Arts Council Royal Grammar and Framlingham College he retrospective, 1959–84, at Serpentine Gallery, spent a year as a farm pupil in Norfolk then studied 1984; and later solo shows included Centre for the agriculture at Reading University. Soon after Philosophy of the Natural and Social Sciences, qualifying, he opted for sisal-growing in Kenya. 1994, Galerie Emilia Suciu, Ettlingen, Germany, As World War II approached, Kidner joined the 1995, and Love is a Virus from Outer Space, European Reserve of Officers of the Nigeria paintings and prints at Flowers East, 2003. Tate Regiment and served in Africa, winning the Gallery, Arts Council, British Council, Military Cross in 1941 in Ethiopia for bravery in Contemporary Art Society and other leading action. While serving, Kidner took Percy collections held examples. Lived in London.

Bradshaw’s correspondence course in drawing, completing many wartime sketches. From 1946 he farmed in Kenya, eventually becoming a noted animal agronomist, publishing learned articles and advising around the world. After Kidner’s submission of a portrait to the PS annual show in 1959 won a favourable mention, he had some formal tuition from Sonia Mervyn. He showed frequently with the East African Wildlife Society Headquarters, Nairobi, SWLA and elsewhere. His solo exhibitions included National Art Gallery and Museum, Botswana, 1976, and La Perouse Gallery, Canberra, Australia, 1978 and 1980. The Suffolk Horse Society owns Kidner’s work. His son, Oliver Kidner, was also an artist, their work being illustrated in Martin’s memoir The life and work of Martin Kidner, edited and completed by Josephine Walpole. In later life Kidner was based near Framlingham, Suffolk.

Annabel A KIDSTON 1896–1981 Printmaker, painter

and teacher who studied at Glasgow School of Art, 1914–20; in Paris with André Lhote and at La Grande Chaumière; returned to be head of art at Laurel Bank School, 1922–5; then in London studied wood engraving at the Slade School of Fine Art, 1927. In that year she joined the Glasgow Society of Lady Artists, winning its Lauder Award in 1928. Her sisters Helen and Margaret were also both members. Annabel showed extensively with the Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and RSA, also with RA. Lived in St Andrews, Fife, but died in North Berwick, East Lothian. Artist and teacher who produced complex prints such as Cleansing, of 1995, shown at Royal Over-Seas League Open, 1996. She was born in Carshalton, Surrey, and studied at Warwick University, Colchester Institute

Susanne KIELY 1962–

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and Chelsea and Camberwell Colleges of Art & Design. Work experience included several teaching posts, part-time assistant with the dealer Lumley Cazalet from 1994 and in 1995–6 associate guest artist at Camberwell. She was given a commission for St Matthew’s Church, Ipswich, 1987 and won 1st Prize, London Lighthouse, 1995. Took part in many group exhibitions, including Ulster University, Belfast, 1991; The Sea, The Sea!, Y Tabernacl, Machynlleth, 1994; and Cover to Cover, London Print Workshop, 1996. Chelsea & Westminster Arts Project, Marakon Associates and Manchester Metropolitan University Library hold examples.

Cardiff, 1986. Later solo shows included Art Space Gallery, from 1991, and SeaChange Gallery, Great Yarmouth, 2002, Frames of Norwich and Chappel Galleries, Chappel, both 2003, and The Warehouse, Lowestoft, 2005. Saatchi Collection holds his work. Lived in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk.

Artist, born in Poland, who started to draw during World War I but because of poor circumstances her talent was frustrated. She was able to study portraiture in the Warsaw studio of W Miernicki, 1935–38, then was deported to Russia in 1940, where she endured hard labour. Joined the Polish Army in Russia and after training served as a tracer in the Second Polish Corps in Palestine, elsewhere in the Middle East and in Italy. After the war she moved to England, attending Ealing Art School and the Polish School of Painting under Professor Marian BohuszSzyskzko, 1974–7. Kiknadze’s exhibitions included the Army House in Bari, Italy; Ealing Town Hall; and POSK. Emilia KIKNADZE fl. from 1930s–

Ken KIFF 1935–2001 Painter, illustrator and teacher, born in Dagenham, Essex. He studied at Hornsey School of Art, 1955–61. Taught at Royal College of Art from 1979. Kiff’s pictures were in many mixed shows and in 1986 he was included in Royal College of Art’s Exhibition Road show. Solo exhibitions were at Nicola Jacobs Gallery and Fischer Fine Art; he had a retrospective at Serpentine Gallery in 1986; and in 1993–4 Kiff’s work done as the result of a prolonged residency, was shown at National Gallery. The artist was noted for lush, apparently naïve pictures. The Arts Council holds a number, such as Man Greeting Woman, of 1965–6, and A Knife and Fork Jumped Up from the Dresser, of 1977. He illustrated Folk Tales of the British Isles, edited by M Foss, published in 1977. Was elected RA, 1991. There was a retrospective at Marlborough Fine Art, 2001– 2. Lived in London.

John KIKI 1943– Painter and printmaker, born in Famagusta, Cyprus, whose family – involved in the restaurant business – settled in London in 1946. He attended Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1960–4, then Royal Academy Schools, 1964–7. Kiki’s pictures were often on a large scale, figurative, vigorous, using high-pitched and unconventional colours and reflecting his Mediterranean background. Group exhibitions included Young Contemporaries, Mall Galleries, 1966; British Painting ’74, Hayward Gallery, 1974; and Viriamu Jones Gallery, University College,

Oliver KILBOURN 1904–1993 Mining and landscape

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painter and illustrator, born in Ashington, Northumberland. Like his father a pitman, he began work in the local colliery aged 13, later moving nearby to Ellington Colliery. While there, in 1934 he joined a Workers’ Educational Association art appreciation course under Robert Lyon. This spawned the Ashington Group of painters, which included notable talents such as Jack Harrison and George Jude McLean. The Group’s first show was at the Hatton Gallery, Newcastle, in 1936, in which Kilbourn participated, and his pictures were in all subsequent exhibitions in Britain and overseas. He was also a regular exhibitor at the Artists of the Northern Counties shows at Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle. The last Ashington Group show was in 1986, organised by the Workers’ Educational Association’s Wansbeck branch to mark the first anniversary of the end of the Miners’ Strike. By then the Group’s meeting hut had been dismantled, but in 1989 the local council opened the Woodhorn Colliery Museum and a special gallery was included to show its paintings. These included all Kilbourn’s pictures from his series My Life as a

Pitman. William Feaver’s 1988 book Pitmen Ian KILLEN 1960– Artist working in various media Painters: The Ashington Group 1934–1984 is a who studied at Liverpool and Leeds Polytechnics. His group exhibition appearances included War of thorough account of its story. Images, at Transmission Gallery, Glasgow; State Joyce KILBURN 1884–1972 Miniaturist and of the Nation, at Coventry City Museum and Art watercolourist on ivory, born in London, daughter Gallery; and Art in Boxes at England & Co, 1991, of the painter The Hon. John Collier. She studied which featured two Untitled works by him. at the Slade School of Fine Art with Fred Brown and Henry Tonks among her teachers. Exhibited Goldie KILLIN 1884–1955 Artist and teacher who RMS, Arlington Gallery, SWA, extensively in the trained at Glasgow School of Art, 1913–22, and provinces, in Canada, Australia and New Zealand. was on its staff, 1923–33. She was a member of Signed her work J K in monogram form. Lived in the Glasgow Society of Lady Artists from 1920, London. Her daughter was the designer and artist also showing at the Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. Jill Greenwood. Lived in Cambuslang, Lanarkshire, but died in Cleland. George KILIBARDA 1954– Painter and sculptor, born in Sittingbourne, Kent, who studied at Medway Ann KILVINGTON 1944– Painter and teacher who College of Design. In 1993 he was awarded a WAC studied at York School of Art, 1960–4, then Royal grant to visit Yugoslavia as a war artist. Solo Academy Schools, 1964–7. She taught at Putney exhibitions included Manor House Fine Arts and School of Art and in 1982 was included in Artists St David’s Hall, both in Cardiff, where he lived at in Adult Education at Woodlands Art Gallery. Other Lisvane. shows included RA Summer Exhibition from 1967; South London Art Gallery, 1979; and Wells Centre, Bruce KILLEEN 1926– Painter, lecturer, writer on Norfolk, 1981. art and film-maker, born in Warwickshire. His work was based initially on observed reality, but varied Patrick KILVINGTON 1922–1990 Painter, born in considerably between figuration and abstraction. Surrey, educated at Eltham College and Bromley From 1969–80 he was senior lecturer at Colchester School of Art, who did not take up painting School of Art, later part-time tutor at Royal professionally until he was 49. After Army service Academy Schools. Killeen was regional art in World War II, during which he was responsible correspondent for The Guardian; wrote articles for for arresting Adolf Hitler’s successor Admiral art and literary journals; and in 1978 and 1980 won Doenitz, Kilvington contracted tuberculosis and two Arts Council Awards to make art films, after after two years in hospital emigrated to Australia which he concentrated entirely on painting. Was a in 1951, where he did many jobs. A suspected member of AIA and RWA. Many group recurrence of the tuberculosis in 1970 prompted appearances included RA, Bruton Street Gallery, him to resume painting, which led to a first, sellMinories in Colchester, Victoria Art Gallery in out show in Brisbane in 1972. Submitted three Bath and Chappel Galleries, Chappel. Solo shows pictures for the Horse Painters of the World show included three at The Minories; others in London, at Tryon Gallery, London, in 1979; all sold and Chelmsford, Bath and Bristol; and one at Alpha two years later he was commissioned to do a polo House Gallery, Sherborne. In 2001 he shared an picture as a wedding present for the Prince and exhibition there with Julia Wroughton, inspired by Princess of Wales. By this time his pictures of the Isle of Mull, where both had been living. horses and bushmen were popular in Australia, and Killeen has works in public and private collections he produced several thousands for shows there, in in Britain and abroad. His wife, the potter Angela New Zealand and the United Kingdom. Died in Killeen (1929–1997), had a memorial show at Southport, Queensland. Chappel Galleries in 1998. 51

Coralie KINAHAN 1924– Painter and writer, born in Bletchingley, Surrey. She was the sister of the artist Lydia de Burgh and sometimes painted under the name de Burgh. Married Sir Robin Kinahan. She studied art with the noted poster artist John Hassall who for a time ran his own school; at Chelsea School of Art, 1943–6; and in the studio of Sonia Mervyn, 1947–9. She was a member of RUA, for a time on its council, and of Ulster Women Artists. Also exhibited at RA, RP, SWLA and elsewhere and held a series of solo shows in Britain and Ireland. In 1985 opened her own gallery in Templepatrick, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, where she lived. Lady Kinahan was active in Ulster public life, being Lady Mayoress of Belfast, 1959– 62. Ulster Museum, Belfast, holds her work. Among her historical novels was You Can’t Shoot the English, 1982.

commissions as Bentall’s store in Kingston, St John’s College, Oxford, and Dorset House. Kindersley recollected that Gill’s “views on almost any subject were always reasoned if not reasonable, and they influenced me for life.” Gilbert Ledward also taught him. After Gill, Kindersley began to work independently. During World War II he was a conscientious objector, in 1945 moving to Cambridge where he established his first lettercutting workshop in Barton village, taking on as his apprentice Kevin Cribb, son of Laurie Cribb who had worked with Gill. At Barton Kindersley aspired to Gill’s “cell of good living in the chaos of our world.” Writings by the Russian philosopher P D Ouspensky were important to Kindersley, who taught at the Cambridge College of Arts and Technology, 1946–57. Although later he recalled that at first he “wasn’t interested in lettering. I was interested in becoming a sculptor,” Kindersley became a master letter-cutter, designing a number of typefaces and devising a computerised typesetting system. The Dutch letter-cutter Lida Lopes Cardozo became his apprentice from 1976, married him and the outcome was The Cardozo Kindersley Workshop. Their partnership injected new vitality into Kindersley’s work. In 2000 there was a Kindersley retrospective at Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge, where his work enhances King’s and Corpus Christi Colleges. The Victoria & Albert Museum and Museum of Modern Art in New York hold examples.

Agnes Marie KINDBERG 1906– Painter and artist in

fabric collage, born in Hartlepool, County Durham. She studied at the local School of Art, principal Alfred Josiah Rushton, also in Newcastle and London, winning her art teacher’s diploma. She showed at RSA, SSA and Scottish Craft Centre and exhibited solo regularly for many years at Edinburgh International Festival from 1970. Completed a series of works in public places, such as restaurants and churches. Lived in Edinburgh.

Joan KINDER 1916– Artist, born in Thornton-leDale, Yorkshire. After Bridlington High School for Girls Kinder attended Scarborough College of Lida KINDERSLEY 1954– Letter-cutter, born in Art, 1932–6. She was a member of the Free Painters Leiden, The Netherlands, sometimes working as and Sculptors and SGA, on whose council she sat. Lida Lopes Cardozo Kindersley. She studied at the Showed in London, provinces and abroad. London Royal Academy of Fine Arts, The Hague, 1972– County Council bought her work. Lived latterly 6, under Gerrit Noordzij, in 1976 moving to in Kenley, Surrey. England, where she learned in the Cambridge workshop of the distinguished letter-cutter and David KINDERSLEY 1915–1995 Letter-cutter, sculptor, typographer, draughtsman and teacher, sculptor David Kindersley. They married and they father of the artist Richard Kindersley and husband formed a partnership as The Cardozo Kindersley of Lida Kindersley. He was born in Codicote, Workshop, which continued after his death. Their Hertfordshire, and was apprenticed to Eric Gill, notable collaborations included the memorial to 1933–6, his stockbroker father paying a small the abbots of St Albans in the Abbey there, and indemnity. He developed into Gill’s trusted inscriptions for the Ruskin Gallery, Sheffield. Lida assistant, working alongside him on such important Kindersley was a fellow of the Art Workers’ Guild, 52

a member of Atypi and the Double Crown Club Gallery, Dublin, and tour, 1991. Victoria & Albert and an honorary fellow and for a time chairman Museum, British Council, Boston Museum of Fine of the Wynkyn de Worde Society. Arts in America and Irish Museum of Modern Art in Dublin hold examples. Richard KINDERSLEY 1939– Letter-cutter, sculptor and lecturer who studied at Cambridge School of Alan KING 1946– Painter and teacher, born in Art and in his father David Kindersley’s workshop. Glasgow, graduating from the School of Art in In 1966 he set up his own studio in London. Among drawing and painting in 1964–8, settling nearby his sculpture commissions were works for Exeter at Paisley. He took early retirement in the late 1990s University, British Telecom, Sainsbury’s, Lloyd’s from his job as head of art and design in a large Register of Shipping and Christie’s. He was the Glasgow secondary school to concentrate on his winner of seven major brick-carving competitions own work. This was detailed, figurative and could and was awarded the Royal Society of Arts’ Art include a fantasy element. Classical Italianate and for Architecture Award. Among a huge range of musical references were important. Showed at other commissions were title lettering schemes for Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, Glasgow London Bridge, Tower Bridge and the Queen Art Club and widely elsewhere in Scotland, with Elizabeth Bridge over the Thames at Dartford; new Thompson’s Gallery and in 1999–00 in Millennium Crown Court buildings in Liverpool, Leeds, 2000 at Albemarle Gallery. His first solo exhibition Swindon, Newcastle and Luton; university was at Art Exposure, Glasgow, 1997. buildings in Cambridge, Oxford, Exeter and Kent; designs for theatres and major shopping centres; Andrew KING 1956– Watercolourist and painter in the Public Record Office in Kew; inscriptions for oil on gesso, born in Bedford. He graduated in major churches and cathedrals, including St Paul’s 1978 in fine art, painting, at Hornsey College of and Westminster Abbey; and a carving, on Art, painting full-time from then. He was made a permanent display, for the Victoria & Albert member of NS in 1984, an associate of ROI in Museum Gallery of the 20th Century. Later shows 1987. King had an interest in atmosphere, light included Millennium Stones Exhibition and tour, and mood in landscape, the twentieth-century East 2000–1, including New Art Centre, East Anglian landscapists being an influence. He worked “in true watercolour, on handmade paper Winterslow. in the traditional manner.” Exhibited RWS, RI, John KINDNESS 1951– Versatile artist, born in NEAC and elsewhere in mixed shows. Had a first Belfast, Northern Ireland, who settled in Dublin, solo show at Luton County Council Library in in the Irish Republic. Among awards and 1978; from 1982 showed annually at Thompson’s commissions were a Major Arts Council of Gallery, Aldeburgh; with one at A & K Wilson Northern Ireland Award, 1988; A Waterfall of Gallery, Harpenden, 2001. Local authority Souvenirs: Ulsterbus, Northern Ireland major collections hold examples. Lived in Colby, public sculpture commission, 1991; and in 1992 Norwich. Romulus & Seamus, Arts Council of Northern Ireland sculpture garden commission. Projects Cecil KING 1921–1986 Artist, born in County included Skybreaker, advertising panels on Belfast Wicklow, Ireland. In the early-1950s he ended his City Bus, 1984, and Big Shoe Dog, sculpture made business career to become a painter. He was soon from shoes, Dublin Airport, 1989. Took part in showing at RHA and went on to participate in many group and other shows in Ireland and abroad. numerous group exhibitions in Ireland, Britain and Solo exhibitions included A Monkey Town on the continent. His first show outside Ireland Besieged By Dogs, at Grapevine Arts Centre, was at New Charing Cross Gallery, Glasgow, in Dublin, and tour, 1985; Douglas Hyde Gallery, 1964. Other solo exhibitions took place at Compass Dublin, 1990; and Treasures of New York, Kerlin Gallery, Glasgow; Angela Flowers; Oliver 53

Dowling Gallery in Dublin, in 1984; and Hugh Lane Municipal Gallery, Dublin, 1981, which was a retrospective. Many public collections hold King’s work, including Contemporary Irish Art Society; Museum of Modern Art in New York; Ulster Museum, Belfast; Victoria & Albert Museum; and Tate Gallery.

holds her work, which was given a memorial show at Mall Galleries in 1992.

Artist in a variety of media, born in Pin Mill, Suffolk, where he continued to live. King studied at Ipswich School of Art, 1956– 7, then left to run the family boatbuilding business while continuing to draw and paint, boats and the estuary being key themes. His teachers were Colin Moss and Bernard Reynolds. King was a member of Ipswich Art Society and won the Anna Airy Award. He showed in its mixed exhibitions, also with John Russell and Haste Galleries in Ipswich, St Gregory’s in Norwich and the Clockhouse, Snape. Had solo shows at the Haste, John Russell and Pin Mill Galleries.

Geoffrey KING 1941–

Sculptor in various materials, often on a large scale, born in Birmingham. He attended Leeds College of Art, 1965–8, and Slade School of Fine Art, 1968–70. Was principal lecturer/head of sculpture, West Surrey College of Art & Design, Farnham, 1981–8; also at Middlesex Polytechnic, 1988–91; then was associate lecturer, Coventry University. King was included in The British Art Show, an Arts Council touring exhibition, 1980, chosen by critic William Packer. Other mixed exhibitions included Small is Beautiful, Flowers East, 1993, and Sculpture Garden, Henley Festival, 1995. Solo exhibitions included Serpentine Gallery, 1970; Angela Flowers Gallery, 1978; Rochdale Art Gallery, 1983; William Paterson College Gallery, New Jersey, 1991; and Floating Worlds, Southern Arts tour, 1994. Commissions included Shadowplay, NCC Property Development Corp, East India Docks, 1992; Circle of Understanding, Angela Flowers (Ireland), Rosscarbery, 1993–4; and folly at Staunton Country Park, Havant, 1995. Lived and worked in London. Dave KING 1946–

Painter, draughtsman, curator and teacher, born and lived in London. She studied at Hornsey School of Art under J C Moody, then was briefly at Slade School of Fine Art with Randolph Schwabe. During World War II she worked first as a welfare officer, later as a supervisor at East End rest centres. Took up painting professionally after the war; in 1947 was elected RBA; in 1959 was temporary keeper of its Galleries in Suffolk Street; then from 1961–74 was keeper of the South London Art Gallery. She left to spend all her time painting, although for a while she continued teaching art classes in Southwark. Showed at RA, NEAC, SWA and elsewhere. Metropolitan Museum of Modern Art, New York,

Gordon KING 1939– Watercolourist and illustrator,

born in London. He spent the war years in Fife, his father’s home, then settled with his family in Reading, where he studied life drawing and painting at Reading University School of Art. After training as an illustrator with Carlton Studios at 22 he went freelance, working for magazines and advertising agencies, illustrating books and developing his portraits and paintings. As well as solo exhibitions King showed at RA Summer Exhibitions, RI and sold his prints in limited and signed editions. Among his favourite subjects were girls in a floral garden, his daughter and friends being the models. Lived in Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire.

Dorothy KING 1907–1990

Graham Peter KING 1930– Designer, printmaker and

writer, born in Adelaide, South Australia. He attended the University there and South Australian School of Art. Showed with Contemporary Art Society, 1950, and elsewhere in Australia. Wrote Snaps as Art: the aesthetics of the snapshot, 1978. Lived latterly in London. Jeremy KING 1933– Landscape painter, printmaker,

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potter and teacher, born in Oundle, Northamptonshire, married to the artist Brenda King. He studied at Lancaster College of Arts & Crafts and at London University Institute of Education. From 1958–67 he taught painting and

pottery at Haymill School, Burnham, then took up painting and lithography full-time, working in ateliers in Spain and Paris and at Curwen Studio. His many shows included the RA Summer Exhibition and ROI. Had a first solo exhibition at Ruthven Gallery, Lancaster, Ohio, in America, 1984, another in 1986; another show in Osaka, Japan, 1990; and a series at Century Galleries, Henley-on-Thames, including 2000. The Tate Gallery’s print collection holds his lithographs.

Moore, clay modelling. Travelled extensively, including Peru, Egypt, India and Burma. Taught at North-East Surrey College of Technology and Surbiton Adult Education Centre. King joined SWA in 1979, Free Painters and Sculptors in 1980 and NS in 1984. Took part in mixed shows at RA Summer Exhibition, Westminster and Mall Galleries, RBA and elsewhere. Solo exhibitions included Fairfield Halls in Croydon, Loggia Gallery and Alchemy Gallery, 2000. King’s work always related to nature, but she was mainly Jessie Marion KING 1875–1949 Painter and mural concerned with non-representational images in an artist, illustrator, designer and teacher, born at New Abstract Expressionist manner, as in her Loom of Kilpatrick, Dunbartonshire, she was married to the Life series. Lived in Ewell, Epsom, Surrey. artist E A Taylor. She studied at Glasgow University and Glasgow School of Art, where she was Michael William KING 1928– Watercolourist, born in influenced by Charles Rennie Mackintosh. A Croydon, Surrey, who was self-taught apart from travelling scholarship took her to Italy. She began assistance from Arthur Mills. King was elected to to work for the printed page and by 1902 was WSW in 1983, the year he began participating in teaching book cover design at Glasgow School of mixed shows at Turner Gallery, Penarth. Also Art. Won a gold medal at Turin’s International exhibited with RCamA, Aberystwyth Art Centre Decorative Art Exhibition. After marrying Taylor and Museum, Glynn Vivian Gallery in Swansea, in 1908 they moved in 1911 to Paris, where for at Swansea University and elsewhere. His solo two years they ran the Atelier Shealing and King shows included Arlington Gallery, Cardiff, 1965; came under the influence of Bakst and the Ballets Dyfed Gallery, New Quay, from 1980; and Russes. King now developed a greater freedom of Newport Caringli Gallery from 1989. In 1981 he colour and style and matured as a mural painter was community artist in Llandysul. Lived at New and designer of fabrics, jewellery and costumes. Quay, Dyfed. When World War I broke out she and her husband returned to Scotland and established a modest Mike KING 1953– Artist and teacher, born and lived artistic colony in Kirkcudbright, while retaining a in London, the son of Peter King, whose work and Paris studio until the late 1920s. She exhibited memory he promoted. Dr King studied at the Royal extensively at RSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of College of Art, 1984–6, and became reader in the Fine Arts and elsewhere. An exhaustive computer art and animation at London exhibition of her work was held at Scottish Arts Metropolitan University. On his website he said: Council in 1971, Kirkcudbright Tolbooth Art “I work across the areas of art, science and the Centre and Glasgow School of Art staging another spiritual, and this site presents the explorations I in 1999. Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art have made over many years. Some key concepts have emerged from this interdisciplinary research. holds her work. Amongst these are ‘postsecular’, meaning an Mary KING 1926– Painter, collagist, artist in mixed impulse in society towards a greater receptivity to media and teacher, born in Streatham, south spiritual ideas, but based on the security of London. She qualified as a teacher at Whitelands democratic rights and freedoms. The other is Training College and Chelsea School of Art, also ‘jnani’, which is a Hindu word meaning nonstudying at Central School of Arts and Crafts. theistic or non-devotional spirituality.” King took Teachers included Carel Weight and Ceri Richards, part in many group shows in Britain and abroad, painting; Francis Spear, stained glass; and Henry later ones including Digital 2000, Galerie der 55

Gegenwart, Wiesbaden, Germany, 2000; New Greenham Arts, Newbury, and Ninth New York Digital Salon, followed by international tour, 2001; and InterGraphic, State Museum of Fine Arts, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, 2004. King also showed his prints in solo exhibitions, including Colville Place Gallery and New Greenham Arts, both 1999; Le Vall Art Gallery, Novosibirsk, Russia, 2000; and Caestecker Gallery, Ripon College, Winsconsin, America, 2002. The Digital Art Museum, Berlin, holds his work.

Peter KING 1928–1957 “Scholar, artist and spiritual teacher”, born in London, who early developed an interest in making things, experimenting with plaster. After attending Wimbledon School of Art King signed up with Guidici, the monumental stonemasons, helping restore the House of Commons. He also worked for Sir Charles Wheeler and moved to the Abbey Art Centre, started by the collector and founder of the Berkeley Galleries, William Ohly, as an artists’ commune. While at Abbey King became employed part-time by Henry Moore, initially on the fourth component of the Time-Life frieze in Bond Street, which led to regular work for Moore. In 1953 King was appointed by Frank Martin as a part-time sculpture lecturer at St Martin’s School of Art, recommended by Anthony Caro. King had a first solo show at Victor Musgrave’s Gallery One in 1954. He was awarded a Boise Travelling Scholarship and a grant from the British Film Institute to make an animated film. Difficulties in King’s personal life led to experiment in his work, some of which reflected this disturbed state. A suicide attempt led to a period in hospital, shortly after which he died in a motorcycle accident. King’s work was also shown in galleries in Paris and Rome; he was represented at the Holland Park Exhibition, 1957; Middelheim Exhibition, 1959; and in 1960 his oak Figure with Cloak was shown at Battersea Park. The family retained a sizeable collection of King’s work, which was also held by the Arts Council, British Council and Contemporary Art Society. A collection of King’s sculptures and coloured, jazz-influenced drawings was offered by Rosebery’s, West

Norwood, in a 2002 sale. His son was the artist and teacher Mike King.

Sculptor and teacher, born in Kheredine, Tunisia, arriving in England in 1946. Studied modern languages at Cambridge University, 1954–7, and was at St Martin’s School of Art, 1957–8. After a year as Henry Moore’s assistant, King taught at St Martin’s, 1959–80. He was at Bennington College, Vermont, in 1964 and at Hochschule der Künste, Berlin, 1979–80, becoming professor of sculpture at Royal College of Art, 1980. In 1964 King had his first one-man show at Rowan Gallery, the first of a long series there. One-man shows at Richard Feigen Gallery, New York and Chicago, and the Isaac Delgado Museum of Art, New Orleans, followed in 1966. King soon established a solid exhibiting reputation in group and one-man shows in Britain and overseas, work using a variety of materials from fibreglass and metal to wood and slate. In 1969 King won first prize at Socha Piestanskych, Czechosovakia, the year after his retrospective at Whitechapel Art Gallery. Further retrospectives included Hayward Gallery, 1981. Tate Gallery, Arts Council and Ulster Museum, Belfast, hold King’s work which although abstract was heraldic and symbolic in character. He was a trustee of the Tate Gallery, 1967–9. Among King’s commissions was Expo ’70, Tokyo. Elected RA in 1991, president 1999–04. Retrospective at Yorkshire Sculpture Park in 1992 which showed that King, originally a figurative sculptor, had after a long period of abstraction moved back to figuration in the late 1980s. In 1997 King had another retrospective at Forte di Belvedere, Florence, only the second English sculptor given this honour (the first was Henry Moore). Two notable sculptures by King are outside C & J Clark’s shoe factory at Street, Somerset. Lived near Dunstable, Bedfordshire, and in London. Phillip KING 1934–

Painter and printmaker, born and lived in Leicester, where he attended the College of Art, 1952–4, resuming, 1956–8, after two years’ Army service in Egypt. Was a member of RI, RSMA and Leicester Society of Artists.

Robert KING 1936–

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Scottish Bestiary and Bill Woodrow’s Periodic Table. Exhibitions included The Forgotten Medium, Graffiti Gallery, 1980; Prints & Paintings at Collingwood College, Durham (repeated in 1985 at Gateway Gallery, Windermere); RA Summer Exhibition from 1984; and 3rd International Biennial Print Exhibition, Taiwan. In 1996 there was a show of Simon King’s work at Abbot Hall Art Gallery/Bookshop, Kendal.

Mixed shows included the RA Summer Exhibition, Paris Salon and Medici Gallery. King shared an exhibition with Martin Taylor at Linda Blackstone Gallery, Pinner, 1999, solo shows including series with Medici Gallery, from 1980, and Burlington Paintings, from 1989, with other shows in America, Canada and Jersey. King was noted for his atmospheric beach scenes, coastal and marine paintings. Leicester University holds his work.

Ronald KING 1932– Printmaker, painter and teacher,

Sculptor. Born in Cheltenham, he attended the Royal Academy Schools, where he won the Landseer Scholarship. From 1910 he exhibited at the RA, also at the RSA, in Scotland, the provinces and abroad. Doncaster Museum and Art Gallery owns his work. King, who specialised in portrait sculpture, in 1954 won the gold medal of the RBS, of which he was president, 1949–54. A sculptor in the classical tradition, King is represented by several examples of his work in the volume RBS: Modern British Sculpture, 1939. Lived in Ventnor, Isle of Wight.

William Charles Holland King 1884–1973

born in São Paulo, Brazil, who studied at Chelsea School of Art, 1951–5, and won a Biddulph Scholarship for Painting, a Monsanto Painting Award, 1957, and a Forrester Painting Award, 1960. King was art director for a publishing company in Canada, 1957–60, and lectured at Farnham School of Art, 1961–5. In the mid-1960s, King had many prints produced by Editions Alecto, notably The Prologue series based on Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales. Following Editions Alecto’s abandonment of The Prologue project, in 1967 King founded Circle Press, specialising in limited editions of fine books and prints. John Berger, Julia Farrer, Birgit Skiöld and Ian Tyson were some of the artists he worked with. The retrospective exhibition Cooking The Books: Ron King and the Circle Press, organised in 2002 by Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, America, celebrated the Center’s acquisition of a complete set of Circle Press works and an accompanying archive. Mixed shows included Zwemmer’s, Bear Lane in Oxford, RA, Heal’s Mansard, Medici, Redfern and Curwen Galleries, and he was one of the London Artists shown at Shrewsbury School, 1968. British Museum, Victoria & Albert Museum, Washington’s Library of Congress and a series of British and foreign university collections hold King’s work. Lived for a time in Hayes, Middlesex.

Simon KING 1951– Printmaker and maker of books, born in Markyate, Hertfordshire. He attended Central School of Art & Design, 1971–5, being an etching technician on its staff, 1978–80. In 1981 he moved to Cumbria and set up a studio, mainly to print his own work. Between 1985–95 printed several projects for Paragon Press, including

Self-taught artist, born in Barnet, Hertfordshire. He was a civil servant who became a social worker, influenced by “all autodidacts.” Group shows included the Mayfair and Covent Garden Festivals from 1998. He had two solo exhibitions at Heifer Gallery, 2002 and 2003. Kingdon lived in north London. John KINGDON 1958–

Wildlife painter and sculptor, teacher, author and illustrator, born in what is now Tanzania. Kingdon studied at the Ruskin School, Oxford, and at the Royal College of Art. Between 1960–74 he lectured at Makarere University, Uganda, becoming dean of fine art. In his free time Kingdon studied the wildlife of the area, resulting in seven volumes of drawings, East African Mammals, 1971–82. As an evolutionary biologist Kingdon became involved with ecologically significant projects and was a research associate with the zoology department of Oxford University. Books written and illustrated by him included Island Africa, A Kilimanjaro Sketchbook, Arabian Mammals, Self-Made Man & His Undoing Jonathan KINGDON 1935–

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and a Field Guide to East African Mammals. Sculpture commissions included a lifesize camel for America’s Duke University. Kingdon’s work was shown internationally, including a Gallery Pangolin, Chalford, solo show entitled Animal Signals, 2004.

teacher, born in Birmingham, who studied at the local Moseley School of Arts and Crafts until 1940. He was then apprenticed for two years to William Bloye, rejoining him after World War II service until 1960 on British and overseas projects. Kings combined working on his own with part-time teaching at Birmingham School of Art until 1967. Over the years he was to move several times in the West Midlands, finally settling at Bromsgrove, Worcestershire. Kings was noted for his versatility, as a restorer and through his original works including architectural sculptures, small figures, coats-of-arms, inn signs and restoration. His restoration included substantial work at Worcester’s Guild Hall in the late 1970s. Notable among his own creations was his huge figure of Christ at St Martin’s, Walsall, 1960. Among works by him in Birmingham are a tender Madonna and Child, in artificial stone, and St John surmounting the tower, in ciment fondu, both at St Mary and St John’s, Erdington, 1962. In that year Kings joined the Guild of Catholic Artists, becoming an associate of the RBS in 1963.

1936– Painter, born in Birmingham, educated by the Marist Fathers at Exeter. Having discarded literary ambitions Kingerlee settled in Cornwall, 1962–82, and began painting, working for long periods in Spain and Morocco. He moved to the Irish Republic, settling in the Beara peninsula area of west Cork, married with five children. Kinglerlee was a shy, questing man, an unusual Colourist whose intimately scaled works embraced thinly disguised self-portraiture and landscapes combining abstract and realistic elements. Exhibitions included Drian Gallery and Tom Caldwell Gallery, Dublin and Belfast. Anthony Hepworth Fine Art Dealers, of Bath, sold abstract work by Kingerlee at the 20/21 British Art Fair in 2005, soon after the artist’s successful solo show, What Lies Beneath, at W J Morrill Ltd, in Dallas, Texas. Kingerlee’s pictures sold well in Tarka KINGS 1961– Painter, often of small, muted, America. Crawford Art Gallery, Cork, and National unpopulated urban gouaches, born in London. She Gallery in Gdansk, Poland, hold examples. attended the Royal Academy Schools, 1981–7. Exhibitions included Creative Salvage, 1985; Hazel KING-FARLOW fl. from mid-1930s–1995 Painter Gallery 24, 1986; Henry Wyndham Gallery, 1989; of colourful, extravert works, maiden name Hazel Rebecca Hossack Gallery, from 1991; and The Guggenheim, who showed under her married name Fine Art Society, 1999. of Hazel King-Farlow, later after remarriage as Hazel McKinley. Studied at Euston Road School Alan KINGSBURY 1960– Self-taught painter, born in 1938, having had a solo exhibition in 1937 at Cooling in London, who aged nine began painting in oils. Galleries, also exhibiting at SWA and at Goupil and Redfern He studied psychology and art history at the Galleries. From 1939 lived in America, although she was in University of Wales from 1979, graduating in Paris in the 1950s and showed again in England in the 1960s. psychology in 1982, then studied art history for a American exhibitions included Harry Salpeter Gallery, New York, 1947. English collections holding examples include year in London, specialising in Old Master and Leeds and Manchester City Art Galleries and Ferens Art modern European painting. In 1983, always Gallery, Hull. Notable American collectors included painting in his spare time, Kingsbury worked at Colorado Springs Fine Arts Centre Collection, The Staude the Peggy Guggenheim Collection in Venice before Collection in Hollywood, Greer Garson and Mrs Benny becoming a cataloguer of modern painting at the Goodman. King-Farlow’s daughter Barbara Shukman was also an artist. Wakefield Art Gallery holds fine examples of auctioneers Bonhams. In 1986 he left London to work by Henry Moore and Victor Pasmore, presented by paint full-time, returning initially to Venice before moving to Scotland at the end of the year. During King-Farlow. his subsequent five years there he refined his Raymond Forbes KINGS 1924–1981 Sculptor and technique and style. In 1991 Kingsbury moved to John KINGERLEE

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Cornwall, where he lived in Penzance with his wife, the artist Morag Ballard. Mixed exhibitions included the RA Summer Exhibition, 1983; The Alton Gallery, 1988; Jonathan Cooper, from 1989; and Francis Kyle Gallery, from 1990. He had a series of solo shows with Jonathan Cooper from 1989 and Francis Kyle from 1991. Later one-mans included Old Custom House Gallery, Penzance, 2002, and The Fantastical Paintings of Alan Kingsbury, The John Davies Gallery, Stow-on-theWold, 2003.

Geoffrey Squire and David Donaldson. He taught part-time at a Glasgow secondary school. Kingsley showed at RSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and at Paisley Art Institute, of which he was a council member. In 1991 he won the William Bowie Landscape Prize, in 1992 the Mary Armour Award, in 1998 the Arnold Clark Prize and in 1999 the Diploma of the Paisley Art Institute; he was a finalist, Hunting Art Prizes, 1989–93–99–2000, being highly commended in 1996. Argyle and Bute District Council and Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow, hold his work. In 2000 John Kingsley’s Provence was held at The Contemporary Fine Art Gallery, Eton. A Mediterranean Shadows exhibition was held at Duncan R Miller Fine Arts, Hampstead, in 2004, the artist showing at the same venue as John E Kingsley. In that year Kingsley also had an exhibition, Prima Materia, at John Davies Fine Paintings, Upper Swell Farm, Stow-on-the-Wold.

Joan Beeby KINGSFORD 1883–1974 Artist, designer of theatrical costumes and curator, married to the painter Wilfrid R Wood. She studied at Central and other schools of art in London, learning manuscript illumination and lettering under Graily Hewitt. She began by making maps, engravings and drawings for the printing firm of Emery Walker, then for 25 years was curator of the Charles Beatty Collection of Persian and Indian manuscripts, books and paintings. In 1975 her husband helped stage a retrospective show of her work at Upstairs Gallery, Stamford. British Museum and Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge both hold examples. Lived at Barnack, Lincolnshire.

Angela KINGSTON 1936– Botanical watercolourist,

born in Mumbles, near Swansea. She studied at Bath Academy of Art, 1955–8, where she was awarded a travelling scholarship. She was a founder-member of the Society of Botanical Artists, a member of Welsh Group and was for a Harry KINGSLEY 1914– Painter and teacher, born time chairman of WSW. Also showed widely in Manchester, where he studied at the School of elsewhere in England and Wales. Her solo shows Art. Joined the Army in 1933 and served abroad included The Library, Cowbridge, 1975; University from 1934–45 in Palestine, India and the Far East. College, Cardiff, 1979; The Coach House Gallery, Became an art teacher at a Manchester secondary Caerphilly, 1989–92; and in 1992 shared show at school. Showed with RA, Royal Glasgow Institute Mistral Galleries. Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, of the Fine Arts, RSA, MAFA and Manchester Swansea, holds her work. Graphic Club. Manchester City Art Gallery holds Kingsley’s oil The Green Fence, Hulme, of 1960, Caroline KININMONTH 1907–1978 Painter in oil of typical of his northern townscapes and industrial landscapes and flowers. Lady Kininmonth studied art at Edinburgh College of Art, 1926–30, under scenes. D M Sutherland and David Alison. She was married John KINGSLEY 1956– Painter, collagist and teacher, to the distinguished Scottish architect Sir William born in Glasgow of cultured English parents. Kininmonth. She exhibited at the RSA and SSWA Kingsley became a talented flautist as well as a and her work is held by Edinburgh University and painter who originally worked in the manner of the Scottish Arts Council. Lived in Edinburgh. Walter Sickert, later abandoning that artist’s tonality for Fauve-like colour, seen to advantage Peter KINLEY 1926–1988 Painter of abstract and in his French landscapes. He studied at Glasgow near-abstract figure and landscape pictures, born School of Art, 1973–7, under James Robertson, in Vienna, Austria, but arrived in England in late59

still a student he produced a poster for Shell. Kinneir worked for the Central Office of Information, 1946–9, then for the Design Research Unit. His output there included a stand for Monsanto Chemicals at the 1950 British Industries Fair. He arranged displays for the Foreign Office and the Admiralty and did work for the shipping firm P&O and recording company Decca. In 1956 he set up a design practice in London, teaching part-time at Chelsea, becoming head of graphic design at the Royal College of Art, 1964–9. One of Kinneir’s notable achievements was, with his colleague Margaret Calvert, the development of a clear, sympathetic road signage system, with its distinctive pictograms, employed throughout the United Kingdom. He also became involved in more public signage projects, for airports, railways and Shona KINLOCH 1962– Sculptor who from 1980– hospitals. Kinneir contributed cartoons to the 5 studied at Glasgow School of Art, gaining an magazine Night and Day and engravings to the honours degree, then completed a postgraduate journal Signature. course in sculpture. Exhibitions included Glasgow Garden Festival and Compass Gallery and Ewan Linda KINSELLA 1914– Miniaturist and teacher, Mundy Fine Art, both in Glasgow. Commissions born in Teddington, Middlesex. She studied at included Thinking of Bella at Italian Centre, Ealing School of Art and Isleworth Polytechnic Glasgow, and Scottish Nuclear, East Kilbride. and showed at RA, RI, elsewhere in London and Kelvingrove Art Gallery in Glasgow, Lillie Art at Paris Salon. Sometimes signed work with Gallery in Milngavie and Flemings Bank hold initials. Lived in Wraysbury, Berkshire. examples. Lucy KINSELLA 1960– Sculptor, mainly of animals, David KINMONT 1932– Artist in various media and born in Havant, Hampshire, who studied at teacher, born in Westgate-on-Sea, Kent. He studied Barnfield College of Art & Design, 1985–6, then at the Regional College of Art, Manchester, and graduated with an honours degree in fine art, Cambridge University. He was head of the art sculpture, Loughborough College of Fine Art & department at Rhyl Grammar School, then held a Design, 1986–9. Awards included Dante Alighieri series of teaching posts, becoming senior lecturer Travelling Scholarship, 1987, and Dennis Holt in the history of art at Bristol University. Mixed Travelling Bursary, 1989. Among her exhibitions shows included RCamA of which he was a member were Sculpture in the Garden, Cropston, 1991; and Royal National Eisteddfod. Had a series of Animal Kingdom, Ferrers Gallery, Staunton solo exhibitions including retrospectives at Ferens Harold, 1998; and Byard Art, Cambridge. She had Art Gallery, Hull, in 1963, and St John’s, a solo show at The City Gallery, Leicester, 1999. Cambridge, his old college, 1969; later ones Kinsella was married to the sculptor Dave Morris. included University of Durham, 1981, and Bristol University, 1983. Lived in Flax Bourton, Bristol. Christine KINSEY fl. from 1960s– Artist in a wide range of media, teacher and administrator, born in Jock KINNEIR 1917–1994 Graphic and exhibition Pontypool, Monmouthshire. She studied at designer, cartoonist, engraver and teacher who Newport College of Art and University of Wales, studied at Chelsea School of Art in the 1930s. While Cardiff. Between 1968–76 Kinsey was co-founder 1930s. After several years in Army he studied at Düsseldorf Academy, 1948–9, and at St Martin’s School of Art, 1949–53. First showed with Young Contemporaries in 1951, having first solo exhibition at Gimpel Fils in 1954, followed by a series. Went on to show widely in Britain, in New York at Paul Rosenberg & Co and in India. In 1982 had a retrospective at Museum of Modern Art, Oxford; and in 1986 a solo show at Kettle’s Yard Gallery, Cambridge, which toured. Among his teaching posts were sessions at St Martin’s, 1954– 64, and Bath Academy of Art and Bath College of Higher Education, 1971–88. Tate Gallery and Arts Council hold his work. A dominant influence on the work of Kinley was the 1953 exhibition in London of the French painter Nicolas de Staël.

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and director, Chapter, Workshops and Centre for the Arts in Cardiff, a co-founder of Artists and Designers in Wales Association and artistic advisor to Cardiff City Council for redevelopment of the city centre. She lectured in art and design at graduate and postgraduate level at University of Wales, 1975–6, from 1976–80 being artist and teacher, Foundation for Professional and Vocational Training, St Maarten, Netherland Antilles. A number of part-time and visiting lectureships in Wales, America and Italy followed. Kinsey also took part in many workshops and master-classes. In 1982 she won a printmaking prize at the National Eisteddfod of Wales, Swansea. Mixed shows included Group 75, Muse Gallery in Philadelphia, Roy Miles Gallery, Oriel in Bangor and Inverness Museum and Art Gallery. Later touring shows included National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, and other Welsh venues, 1990. Her work is held by Victoria & Albert Museum and Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea as well as the National Library. Lived in Pencader, Dyfed.

Figurative painter whose witty works were inspired by interests such as jazz, anarchism and current events. He was born Thomas Katz in Czechoslovakia, his mother of Austrian aristocratic origin, his father a Catholic doctor who devoted himself to the republican cause during the Spanish civil war. In 1939 his parents took Thomas to England where he was educated at Ellesmere College, Shropshire. Inspired by a van proclaiming “Kinsey, tripe dealers of Flint”, in 1947 he changed his name from Katz to Kinsey. In the 1950s he studied at St Martin’s and the Royal College of Art, friends including the writer Jeffrey Bernard, model and writer Quentin Crisp and artist John Minton. Kinsey featured in the Young Contemporaries and Artists for Peace exhibitions in 1953, his style influenced by the Flemish painter Constant Permeke. He moved to Snowdonia after leaving the Royal College in 1958 where he painted, worked in the slate quarries and climbed, leading mountain rescue teams. While painting hill farmers he became involved in the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, Committee of 100 and Spies

for Peace and was secretary of the Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation. After a break from painting, during which he took up hunting with foxhounds on foot, he resumed in the late 1980s, his pictures featuring such subjects as the revolutionary Leon Trotsky, prime minister Margaret Thatcher, the homeless and the National Front. He drove to The Czech Republic in 1998 to find a cheaper life and died there.

Kay KINSMAN 1909– Watercolourist and draughtsman, born in Los Angeles, California, her correct name being Katherine Kinsman. She was educated in Cuba, Jamaica and in New York, then studied painting at Parsons School Applied Art, Paris, and Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. SGA member who also showed widely in the Cotswolds and west Midlands area and in Canada. Was an accomplished pianist and produced the books Montreal Sketchbook and Broadway Sketchbook. Lived in Pershore, Worcestershire. The KIPPER KIDS Performance, film, video, photography and installation artists, formed in 1970 by Brian Routh and Martin von Haselberg. Routh was born in Gateshead, County Durham, in 1948, von Haselberg in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in 1949. They both attended the E.15 Drama School in London, von Haselberg also the American Film Institute, Los Angeles. The Kipper Kids performed all over Europe and North America, venues including Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; Kunstalle, Basel; Maalersaal, Hamburg; and ICA. Sometimes they were joined by others, such as the British performance artist Anne Bean. Latterly, Routh and von Haselberg (who was married to the American actress, singer and comedienne Bette Midler) lived and worked in New York and California. The Whitney Museum, New York, planned a Kipper Kids show in 1998. Von Haselberg also showed solo, venues including P.S.1 Contemporary Art Center, New York, 1997–8.

Tom KINSEY 1927–2000

Artist who graduated with honours from Chelsea School of Art, 1983–6, gaining her master’s there, 1986–7. Kirby participated in On Paper, Battersea Arts Centre, Hilary KIRBY 1964–

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1985; London Institute Exhibition, Royal Festival Hall, 1986; Bird Street Gallery, 1987; and Idea Books, in Milan, Italy in 1989, the year she was included in East End Open Studios, based at Robinson Road.

glamorous blondes and who drove a dashing car. He was always known as Dick Kirby.”

Josh KIRBY 1928–2001 Artist in oil, watercolour and

occasionally gouache, born in Waterloo, Liverpool, as Ronald William Kirby. He attended Liverpool City School of Art, 1942–9, teachers including Martin Bell, Will C Penn, George Jardine, Alfred Wiffen and Allan Tankard. Kirby’s influences “were Brueghel, Bosch and Brangwyn. I aim to continue the classical tradition and avoid the fads and fashions of the moment. I would like to preserve a sense of wonder in a world obsessed with materialism.” This found expression in his The Voyage of the Ayeguy, latter-day altar-pieces in science fiction mode. As a science fiction book illustrator, Kirby was noted for his Ray Bradbury and Terry Pratchett jackets. Kirby had periods painting in a film poster studio in London and freelanced briefly in Paris. Was a member of the Association of British Picture Restorers. Group exhibitions included Portal Gallery, Bluecoat Chambers in Liverpool, ICA and Brighton Art Gallery. Solo shows included DLI Museum & Durham Art Gallery, 1995. Duke of Bedford at Woburn Abbey holds Kirby’s work. Lived at Shelfanger, Diss, Norfolk.

Painter, born in Liverpool. He was a shipping clerk, 1965–7, a bookshop salesman, 1967–9, then assistant to the director of Boys’ Town of Calcutta, 1969–71, after which he did various social work jobs until in 1982–5 he was at St Martin’s School of Art. The Royal College of Art followed, 1986–8. Kirby’s figure paintings had a disturbing, Surrealist element; symbols and objects and the painter’s own face frequently recurred, and there were references to his Catholic upbringing. Kirby showed in many mixed exhibitions from John Player Portrait Exhibition at National Portrait Gallery in 1984. As a solo artist he showed with Angela Flowers, in Ireland and London, from 1988, later exhibitions including Flowers West, Santa Monica, California, 2000, and Flowers Central, 2002. Contemporary Art Society and Ferens Art Gallery, Hull, hold examples. John KIRBY 1949–

Mainly a figure painter, he was born in the Nottingham area, was educated at Sedbergh School and then at the Slade School of Fine Art. Kirby showed extensively in mixed exhibitions, including RA, NEAC, ROI, Chenil and Goupil Galleries and in Nottingham. In the 1940s he developed arthritis, which around the end of World War prevented him from painting, about which he became bitter. Although he had been left some money, he is said to have died virtually penniless. Lived from 1929 at Stansted, Essex, building a studio at his cottage, where he completed much locally commissioned work. In 1980 Sparrow’s Gallery, in Bishop’s Stortford, showed Kirby’s work, part of a local characters exhibition. Kirby’s picture Old Regent Street was included in Christie’s NEAC centenary exhibition in 1986, lent by Bradford Art Gallery and Museum. Kirby was a popular member of the Chelsea Arts Club, remembered by another as “very handsome, rather like Clark Gable, who loved sporting checks, waistcoats and bow ties, who fell in love with John Kynnersley KIRBY 1894–1962

Michael KIRBY 1949– Painter and restorer who was

born in Farnham Common, Buckinghamshire. He studied at High Wycombe School of Art, 1967– 71, teachers including Eric Smith and Romeo di Girolamo. Kirby was a member Free Painters and Sculptors, also exhibiting with RBA and elsewhere. Lived in Hedgerley, Buckinghamshire.

Painter in oil, full name Kathleen Sarah N Kirby, born in London. She studied at King’s College, London University, obtaining her Master of Science degree in 1928, also attending London Day Training College. By profession Kirby was a lecturer, and she published Nature Study for Schools in 1957. Self-taught, she joined Free Painters and Sculptors in 1972, showing at Loggia Gallery, RA and at Paris Salon. Had a solo exhibition at Bristol Arts Centre in 1967. Lived latterly in Bath, Somerset.

Sarah KIRBY 1903–c.1980

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Printmaker and lecturer, born in Cambridge, who used the intaglio method of etching, aquatint and drypoint to create images of fantasy buildings, imagined landscapes and stories, as in her shared show at Inkpen Downie Architecture & Design, Colchester, in 2002. Kirby did a foundation course in art and design at Cambridgeshire College of Arts and Technology, 1980–1; graduated in fine art from West Surrey College of Art and Design, 1981–4; gained her master’s degree in museum and gallery studies, City University, 1986–7; and a master’s in fine art, Nottingham Trent University, 1991–3. From 1990– 7 she was a keeper at Derby Museums and Art Gallery; was briefly a consultant curator for Cambridgeshire County Council education department, 1991; lectured part-time on degree courses at University of Derby, 1991–4; from 1994 she was a printworker, part-time, at Leicester Print Workshop; also serving part-time as co-ordinator, artists-in-residence, Blaby and Hinckley District Council, 2000–1. Other later exhibitions included Art Prints – 5 Printmakers at the Brewery Arts Centre, Kendal, 1998; Mini Print International, Cadaques, Spain, 2000; Printmaker of the Month, City Gallery, Leicester (which holds her work), 2001; and Sea and Sand, Alexander Gallery, 2002. Lived in Leicester.

imaginative and fantastical overtones. He showed solo at RONA Gallery.

Sarah KIRBY 1961–

Painter and teacher, born in Edinburgh. He attended Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee, 1967–71, then was at Royal College of Art, 1971–4. Kirk worked for several months at Cité des Arts, Paris, in 1973. He gained a British Institute Award in 1971, the Burston Award at the Royal College three years later, in the same year getting a Scottish Arts Council Award. From the early 1970s Kirk showed with SSA as well as taking part in Christmas exhibitions at Compass Gallery, Glasgow, where he shared a show in 1974. Scottish Arts Council holds his work, which could be decorative and abstract. Went on to teach at Sir John Cass School of Art and City of London Polytechnic. Lived latterly at Gravesend, in Kent. Douglas KIRK 1949–

Painter and decorative artist, born in London. She studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1919–22, then travelled widely on the continent. Had first solo exhibition at Paterson Gallery in 1930, to which Augustus John contributed. Her work at its best had some of the juicy, painterly qualities found in that of John, who painted Kirk’s portrait. Kirk went on to show at Leicester, Lefevre Galleries and elsewhere and in Barry KIRK 1933– Painter, draughtsman and teacher, the mid-1940s decorated the Catholic church in working in a variety of media, born in Deal, Kent. Newtown, Wales. About a decade later she went After Westminster School he studied Canterbury to live in Italy and gave up painting. Tate Gallery College of Art, 1950–4, then Royal College of Art, and Arts Council hold her work. 1956–9, gaining a Travelling Scholarship in the Joanna KIRK 1963– Artist, notably in pastel, born latter year, teachers including Julian Trevelyan, in Cheshire. She studied at Goldsmiths’ College Edwin La Dell and Alistair Grant. Taught at School of Art, 1981–4. In 1987 she gained joint Canterbury from 1959, becoming principal, 1987– first prize, 1987 Artist Award, Whitechapel Art 8. Showed in RA Summer Exhibition and had a Gallery. Her group shows included Christie’s series of solo shows, including Alwin Gallery. Inaugural Exhibition and Riverside Studios, 1984; Victoria & Albert Museum holds his work. Lived Richard Pomeroy Gallery, 1987; and Norwich at Bridge, Kent. School of Art Gallery, 1988. Her work in Painter and teacher who graduated from the Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art, Oxford, 1983, becoming head of art at Uppingham School. Kirk’s highly detailed figure studies and landscapes often had a strongly

Eve KIRK 1900–1969

David KIRK 1960–

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Contemporary Art Society collection, Cardinals, was shown in South Bank Centre tour The British Art Show 1990. Kirk’s solo shows began with Third Eye Centre in Glasgow, 1987, the year she began exhibiting with Nicola Jacobs Gallery. Also

showed at New Gallery at Whitechapel Art Gallery in 1988 and at Carine Campo Gallery, Antwerp, 1989. Kirk worked from photographs and wanted pictures to be “well-drawn, highly finished, to be decorative, full of pattern, delicate”. Lived in London.

Treadwell’s Art Mill, Bradford, 1992; and Crescent Arts, Scarborough, 1993. Lived in Holmfirth, Yorkshire. Edward Todd KIRKHAM 1947– Sculptor and teacher

who did a foundation course at Blackpool College of Art, 1976–8, graduated in sculpture at Leeds Polytechnic, 1978–81, then completed his master’s degree at Royal College of Art, 1981–3. Among his teaching experience was Royal College of Art, Royal Academy Schools, Central School and in the provinces. A Leeds Polytechnic Travel Award took him to France in 1981, in 1984 he gained the Royal College Sculpture Prize, in 1988–9 being Rome Scholar in Sculpture. He researched the cult and rituals of Dionysus. Among his exhibitions were Leeds 80, at Lancaster University, 1980; Sculpture in the Landscape, Portland Clifftop Sculpture Park, 1983; as artist-in-residence, 1984, Mostyn Art Gallery, Llandudno; and Sculpture at Canterbury, 1992.

Michael KIRKBRIDE 1959– Painter who joined the NEAC in 2004, showing with it that year at the Open Exhibition at Mall Galleries, and in NEAC, Cross Gate Gallery, Lexington, Kentucky, in America, 2005. Kirkbride did foundation studies in art design at Sunderland Polytechnic, 1976–7; graduated with fine art honours from Sunderland Polytechnic, 1977–80; and attended the Royal Academy Schools, 1992–5. He won Northern Arts Awards in 1987 and 1988; a Northern Arts Travel Award, 1990; and a Royal Academy Schools Travel Award to Mexico in 1995. He exhibited widely in group shows, including The First Picture Show, Sainsbury Centre for Contemporary Arts, Norwich, 1980; Rothmans (Northern Echo) Arts Award Touring Exhibition, 1982; Joint Exhibition, Newcastle upon Tyne Polytechnic Gallery, 1987; RA Summer Exhibition, from 1993; Paper, Scissors, Paint, Fashion Space Gallery, London College of Fashion, 1998; Staff Exhibition there, 2001; and The Discerning Eye, Mall Galleries, 2004. Among Kirkbride’s solo shows were Calouste Gulbenkian Gallery, Newcastle, 1988, and the University of Bradford Art Gallery and Dixon Bates Gallery, Leeds, both 1991. Kirkbride was based in London.

Artist, designer and lecturer, working in oil, watercolour, gouache and pastel, born and lived in Glasgow, where he attended the School of Art, 1953–8, taught by David Donaldson. Worked as a designer, 1960– 75, began painting then and was in 1977 a parttime lecturer at Glasgow School of Art. He was president of Glasgow Art Club, 1988–91, and honorary secretary of Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts from 1991. Won many prizes at the Institute. Also showed at RA, RSA, RP, Fine Art Society, Seen Gallery and elsewhere in group Mick KIRKBY-GEDDES 1966– Sculptor, mostly in exhibitions. Later solo shows included Barclay junk sheet-metal, born in Sheffield, Yorkshire. He Lennie Fine Art, Glasgow, from 1986. HRH The studied at Mansfield College of Further Education, Duke of Edinburgh, Arthur Andersen and 1984, fine art at Leeds Polytechnic, 1985–8, then Fleming’s hold examples. became a self-employed sculptor. Kirkby-Geddes’ work was “influenced by cartoons, television, life, Alison KIRKPATRICK fl. from early 1990s– Sculptor and so on. It is light-hearted and colourful, working in a variety of materials, born in Kendal, employing visual puns, some automata and lots of Westmorland. She moved to Scotland aged two dogs.” Group shows included Rufford Sculpture and graduated from Edinburgh College of Art in Park, 1987; Camden Arts Centre, 1989; Galerie 1990, then studied for her master’s degree. She Goetz in Basel, Switzerland, 1992; and was an artist who pondered over notes and made Benchmarks, Tatton Park, Cheshire, 1993. Had sketches over long periods before creating the final solo shows with Leeds Art Company, 1990; work from materials she had “an instinctive Norman KIRKHAM 1936–

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response to … The kind of shapes I come up with are accidental.” She took part in Danger Artists at Work, a City Art Centre, Edinburgh, touring show in 1991. The city’s collection holds her work.

John Sutherland KIRKWOOD 1947– Artist

working in mixed media, printmaker and photographer, born in Edinburgh where he continued to live. After George Watson’s College he attended Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee, 1965–70, doing a large number of jobs ranging from school teaching to labouring. Elected SSA in 1972 and took part in many mixed shows. Gained Scottish Arts Council Award in 1973, with Council Bursaries in 1976 and 1980, and was included in the Council’s show Scottish Art Now in 1982. Kirkwood said that his work was “about trying to communicate with people”. He was influenced by Dada and much of his subject matter was industrial and took a pessimistic view of militarism. Solo shows included New 57 Gallery, Edinburgh, in 1972 and 1976; Printmakers’ Workshop Gallery, Edinburgh, 1974; and Talbot Rice Art Centre, Edinburgh, 1981. Scottish Museum of Modern Art is among several public collections holding his work.

Ethel KIRKPATRICK 1869–1966 Painter and printmaker, younger sister of the artist Ida Kirkpatrick. Ethel studied at the Royal Academy Schools and Central School of Arts and Crafts. She was a member of the Society of Graver-Printers, Colour Woodcut Society and Arts and Crafts Society, painted widely around England and Wales and on the continent and had work accepted by the British Museum and Victoria & Albert Museum. She was a prolific exhibitor, venues including the Alpine Club, SWA, RBA, RA and in several international exhibitions. She lived with Ida in Harrow, Middlesex. Ida KIRKPATRICK 1866–1950 Artist, born in Jersey,

Channel Islands, older sister of the engraver and painter Ethel Kirkpatrick. She was educated at Queen’s College, Lausanne in Switzerland, at the Royal Female School of Art and Académie Julian, Paris. She won a two-year Gilchrist Scholarship and one-year Queen’s Scholarship. Like her sister she travelled widely to paint, Walberswick being a favourite venue. Her work was widely reproduced in publications and as picture postcards. Showed at SWA, Alpine Club, RBA, RA, WIAC and elsewhere. Ida lived with Ethel in Harrow, Middlesex.

Dorris KIRLEW 1906–1999 Painter and teacher, born in Bath, Somerset, where she attended the School of Art, then the Royal College of Art. Taught at Grantham Girls’ School before moving to Brighton, Sussex, where she taught at the College of Art, also at Lewes Boys’ Grammar School and at Hove Girls’ Grammar School. Showed early in her career at public gallery in Nottingham, later at RA. In her final years she concentrated more on collage and tapestry than on painting. Brighton Art Gallery holds several works.

Ian KIRKWOOD fl. from late 1960s– Painter who said

that his pictures were “intended as haptic fictions, studio-formed but grounded in experience”. He studied at Leicester Polytechnic, 1968–9; St Martin’s School of Art, 1969–72; and University College, London, 1972–5. Exhibitions included Yarrow Gallery, Oundle, 1982; Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, and Aspex Gallery, Portsmouth, both 1983; D H Lawrence’s Landscape, at Nottingham Playhouse and Leicester Museum, 1985; and Art ’87 at Peterborough’s Lady Lodge Arts Centre, 1987. Peterborough City Museum, Eastern Arts and Leicestershire Education Authority hold Kirkwood’s work.

Artist who in 1986 fled South Africa, where she grew up, owing to political unrest and worsening violence. She was taught by Paula Rego at Byam Shaw School of Art, “influenced by her surreal juxtapositions”, and by Christopher Le Brun at the Royal Academy Schools, “taking on his Neo-Romanticism.” The mix of these two disciplines created a distinctive style in which, according to Dwell magazine, “jutting angles and soaring rooflines are set against layers upon layers of pastel hillsides and trees that rise to the top of the picture plane.” In 2000 Kissell was able to use Anish Kapoor’s beach hut in Natasha KISSELL 1978–

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Martha’s Vineyard, in America, to study nature and create paintings with a delicate balance between surface modulation and illusionist depth. Her Royal Academy Schools show was bought by Charles Saatchi. Kissell’s work was in the collections of HSBC, Deutsche Bank, Gieves and Hawkes and Knoxville Museum, Tennessee. Had a solo show at Haunch of Venison, 2004, and with her partner Peter Harrap was included in Bold + Radical, Radical Art, New Painting from the Royal Academy Schools, Jerwood Space, and an exhibition at Marlborough Fine Art, both 2005. Lived in London.

collections. Kitaj – in the Aura of Cézanne and Other Masters was held at the National Gallery, 2001–2.

Painter, designer, illustrator and teacher, born in Liverpool, who gained a diploma in design at Central School of Arts and Crafts. He was a part-time lecturer there, 1961–4, and at City of London Polytechnic, 1964–92. Kitchen was noted for his versatility, completing textile designs for Edinburgh Weavers; animation films for BBC and London Weekend Television; background paintings for feature and television films; illustrations for Cape, Collins, Kestrel and other publishers; artwork for advertising agencies; and regular illustration for Private Eye magazine, 1969–93. Awards included the Chicago & Illinois Cassandra Foundation Award (Painting), 1969; International Graphics, First Prize, Fiera di Bologna, and included in honours list of the Critici in Erba, Bologna, both 1988; and Gold Medal for Illustration, Society of Illustrators, New York, 1991. Mixed shows included Beaux Arts Gallery, 1961; Der Geist des Surrealismus, Baukunst Gallery, Cologne, 1971; First Tokyo Biennale, New Image in Painting, 1974; Deck of Cards, JPL Gallery, 1976; and Surrealism Unlimited, Camden Arts Centre, 1978. Had a solo show at Archer Gallery, 1973, later ones including a retrospective at Smiths Galleries, 1991. From 1984 Kitchen wrote and illustrated a series of his own books. Lived in London.

Bert KITCHEN 1940–

Ronald Brooks KITAJ 1932– Painter, printmaker and

teacher, born Cleveland, Ohio. Studied at Cooper Union in New York, and Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Vienna, 1950–2; at Ruskin School of Drawing in Oxford, 1958–9; then Royal College of Art, 1959–61. Kitaj was an important influence on fellow-students at the Royal College, such as David Hockney. Although labelled initially as a Pop Artist, Kitaj’s work was more complex, autobiographical, drawing on many, often arcane, sources of inspiration. After a period in the early 1960s painting in England and Spain, Kitaj from 1962–6 taught at Camberwell School of Art, while having a one-man show at Marlborough Fine Art in 1963. He was an infrequent exhibitor, but gradually built up an international reputation from the 1960s, with important exhibitions in America, Germany, Italy and France. In 1967–8 was invited to teach at the University of California, Berkeley. There was a retrospective at Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, 1981, another at the Tate Gallery, 1994. The harsh critical reception of this and the death of his wife Sandra Fisher, also a painter, events which Kitaj saw as related, spurred him to resettle in Los Angeles in 1997. About the same time a huge tapestry, produced at Dovecot Studio and based on Kitaj’s picture If Not, Not (in the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh), was unveiled in the entrance Hall of the New British Library. Works by Kitaj, who was elected RA in 1991, are also held by the Arts Council, Tate Gallery and other

Ceramic sculptor, artist in various media on paper, book illustrator and art critic, born in Newbury, Berkshire, who sometimes signed work Myf. She attended Hornsey School of Art, Slade/Ruskin Schools (evacuated to Oxford in World War II), the department of fine art at Reading University under J A Betts and Walsall College of Art. For 15 years Kitchin was art critic for The Guardian newspaper in the Midlands area. She also illustrated books for Phoenix House and Duckworth. Her ceramic sculptures stemmed from the slab pottery technique, developed from on-thespot sketches. The subjects were originally industrial workers in the Midlands and later farmers Myfanwy KITCHIN 1917–

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and animals in Gwynedd, where she lived at Barmouth. Kitchin was a member of RCamA. She also showed with RBSA, Ombersley Gallery at Ombersley and galleries in Birmingham, Walsall and Lichfield, and she had a solo exhibition at Y Tabernacl, Machynlleth, 1997.

Metropolitan Council. He did not show his own work until he was 53. At times there were Wyndham Lewis- and Matisse-like elements in Kitching’s pictures in which, he said, “representation took second place to overall abstract design.” His book Pavements and People was published in facsimile and after his death Leeds Roy KITCHIN 1926–1997 Sculptor and teacher, born City Art Gallery gave him a commemorative show. in East Anglia. He was brought up in industrial Birmingham and studied at the School of Arts and Paul KITCHINGMAN 1947– Artist who was selfCrafts there. After working as an architectural taught, painting in oil and watercolour from early sculptor from 1954–60 Kitchin taught at youth. His main interest was landscape, and he did Wolverhampton College of Art for 10 years. He conservation work with the National Trust and settled to work in Cannock, Staffordshire, teaching cultivated bonsai grown from seed collected on at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Kitchin foreign trips. From the early 1970s Kitchingman showed in mixed exhibitions at Landmark Park in travelled extensively on the continent, notably Scotland, at the Yorkshire Sculpture Park and was Mediterranean countries and Turkey. He sold much included in the Welsh Sculpture Trust Margam of his work there, English exhibitions including Sculpture Park show Sculpture in a Country Park, The Heifer Gallery. in 1983. Kitchin also held several solo shows, including Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester. Roger KITE 1947– Painter and teacher, born in Bath, Although Kitchin’s early work was normally Somerset. Studied at Hornsey College of Art, bronze and concerned with such subjects as 1970–4, then Chelsea School of Art, 1974–5. From landscape and fertility, in the early 1960s he 1977 he taught at Trent Polytechnic. Among his became interested in materials such as steel and shows were Athena Awards, 1987; Kettle’s Yard, cast concrete and industrial topics. The later works, Cambridge, 1988; John Moores Liverpool often imbued with humour, could be large and Exhibition, 1989–90; and Stephen Lacey Gallery, 2000. Later solo shows included several in Italy, designed to heighten visual awareness. including British School at Rome, 1994, and Casa Robert KITCHINER 1907– Painter, draughtsman and Valdese, Rio Marina, 1997, Kite having won Abbey printmaker, born in London, who studied at Slade Awards in 1994 and 1996. Arts Council holds his School of Fine Art, 1928–31, under Henry Tonks geometrical abstract picture Diagonal 1, of 1976, and Philip Wilson Steer. Showed at RA, NEAC bought from Acme Gallery. Lived in Ilford, Essex. and in the provinces. Lived at Sawbridgeworth, Linda KITSON 1945– Painter, draughtsman and Hertfordshire. teacher, born and lived in London. She studied at Arthur KITCHING 1912–1981 Painter, draughtsman St Martin’s School of Art, 1965–7, then Royal and curator, born in Sheffield, Yorkshire. He went College of Art, 1967–70. Kitson was chosen as the into the steelworks as a clerk at 16 and began Official War Artist to accompany the Falklands painting two years later. Financial reasons Islands Task Force in 1982, which she found a prevented his taking a place offered at Royal searing, indelible experience. The three-month tour College of Art. Thus he taught himself, apart from resulted in 400 works, often done at speed in a year at Sheffield College of Art in 1934. He never uncomfortable, hostile conditions. Work was taken became a professional artist, but did a number of into the collection of the Imperial War Museum, mundane jobs until he became, in 1961, first curator which toured a show, and a book was published of Manor House Museum and Art Gallery, Ilkley, called The Falklands War, a Visual Diary. Kitson and then exhibitions officer for Bradford also exhibited at RA, Workshop Gallery and 67

elsewhere. Later solo exhibitions included Collins anthropomorphic skyscraper, following a visit to and Hastie, 2002. New York. Among further commissions were Unity, 1992, dancing male and female figures, Robert Hawthorn KITSON 1873–1947 Watercolour commissioned by the property company MEPC landscapist, born in the Leeds area of Yorkshire, for the atrium of Alban Gate, above London Wall, who became a member of RBA in 1925. Lived for described and pictured by Philip Ward-Jackson in a time at Taormini in Sicily, eventually settling in Public Sculpture in the City of London; and Trust Leeds in the 1920s. Showed extensively at Fine and Daring, 1996, two figures for the Trustee Art Society, Redfern and Goupil Galleries, also at Savings Bank’s headquarters in Birmingham. RA and Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool. Klapež continued to live and work in London. Barry KITTS 1943– Painter, graphic designer,

teacher and writer, born in Bath, Somerset. He had early tuition while still at school from the printmaker George Mackley, then studied at Kingston School of Art, 1959–61, teachers including Donald Pavey, and Wimbledon School of Art, 1961–4, under Gerald Cooper. Went on to do visiting lecturing at Ravensbourne College of Design and at London College of Printing. Showed at NEAC, RBA and elsewhere. Was part-author of a book on graphic design sources. Lived in London.

Painter and draughtsman, born in Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, daughter of the artist and architect Alexander Paul Klecki. She studied at Chelsea School of Art, 1989, and became a professional artist, a participating member of the Association of Polish Artists in Great Britain. In 1989 she did graphic design for the Pro Arte Theatre and in 1990 was commissioned to design Christmas cards for Medical Aid for Poland. By 2004 she had “created over 2,000 oil paintings and drawings”, with work owned by many private Meyer KLANG 1880–1948 Artist who produced portraits and still lifes, based in London’s East End, collectors. Klecka had solo shows at the Questors who showed at RBA, RA, Walker Art Gallery in Theatre, 1991, and at the Polish Cultural Centre Liverpool and elsewhere. Ben Uri Art Society holds Gallery, 1992 and 1995. his oil on canvas Flowerpiece. Alexander Paul KLECKI 1927– Architect and artist,

Sculptor, born in Kosute, Croatia, who studied at the Zagreb Academy of Arts under Stipe Sikirica and Kruno Bosnjak, with a third year travelling widely to study sculpture. In 1987, in straitened circumstances, he moved to England to study at the City and Guilds of London Art School. A collection of Klapež’s religious works was shown at St George’s, Bloomsbury (the damp crypt of which was for a time his studio), then in Portsmouth Cathedral, in 1989. In 1991 he was commissioned to create a trophy statuette for the Margaret Thatcher Aims of Industry Award; the result was a nude male figure on tiptoe, arms outstretched, entitled Liberty. Soon after, he produced small figures of down-and-outs metamorphosing into pigeons. Later works included imaginary portraits of the writer Samuel Beckett and an

Halina KLECKA 1967–

Ivan KLAPEŽ 1961–

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born in Wilno, Poland, who after grammar school, 1944–8, graduated from the Polish University College School of Architecture, RAST, 1948–54. He became a full member of SARP, Association of Polish Architects in Warsaw Poland, and of APA, Association of Polish Artists in Great Britain. In England, Klecki worked with the Arcon Group, 1954–8; with Sir Frederick Gibberd on the No 3 Terminal, London Heathrow Airport, 1958–64; with Gable Construction as chief company architect, 1964–7, winning first prizes in the House of the Year Award, 1965, and for a housing estate in Walton-on-Thames, 1966; with Louis De Soissons on the Brighton Marina, 1967–70; with Allied Engineering as chief company architect, 1975–80; with the Architects and Planners Group, 1980–5, winning first prizes for The Arabian Horse Breeding and Art Centre, Saudi Arabia, and the Falcon Club in Abu Dhabi; in 1986 being

supervisory resident architect for a palace in Damman, Saudi Arabia. As well as showing with APA, Klecki took part in several group shows, including the RA Summer Exhibition, 1959; with the Guild of Catholic Artists and Craftsmen, Building Centre, 1965; and at an Exhibition of Contemporary Lighting in Paris, 1977. He carried out many commissions, including 10 stained glass windows, St Andrew Bobola’s Roman Catholic Church, Hammersmith, 1962–85; figure of Christ, aluminium, east wall, Anglican church, Newcastleunder-Lyme, 1964; bronze murals for boardrooms, Hambro’s Bank, 1974; Katyn Memorial, Roman Catholic Cathedral, Clifton, Bristol, 1985; and new foyer, Polish Cultural Centre, 2002. In 1989 Klecki presented his bronze Holy Mother of Ostra Brama, Wilno, to Pope John Paul II at the Vatican. Klecki’s daughter was the artist Halina Klecka. He lived in west London.

Staffordshire University, 1992–4; and took a postgraduate course in figurative sculpture at Sir Henry Doulton School of Sculptors, 1994–6. He exhibited in Britain and France and was artist-inresidence, Les Artes, Perpignan, 2001. His studio was in Brighton, Sussex.

Figurative sculptor in stone whose work included an abstract element, as in his solo show at Thackeray Gallery, 2003. Klein was apprenticed to the sculptor John Jennings, 1990– 2; graduated with honours in fine art from

married the writer J W F Stoppelman. She went on to show widely through Britain, the continent and North America, living latterly in London and New York. Klinghoffer was noted for her portraits, especially of children, and was a masterly

Simon KLEIN 1959– Painter, born in London, who lived in Vienna, Austria, and France as a child. Studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1978–82, in the life rooms with Euan Uglow and Patrick George, also with John Hoyland, which helped set a pattern of making abstract paintings from figurative sources, such as household objects and intimate spaces. Completed a master’s degree in contemporary art practice at Kingston University, 1997. Group shows included Pick of the New Graduate Art, Christie’s, 1982; Watermans Open ’85, Watermans Arts Centre, Brentford, 1985; Crucial Gallery, 1988; Royal Over-Seas League Anita KLEIN 1960– Artist in oil on board, charcoal, Open, 1993; and Rentrée, Stanley Picker Gallery, drypoint etching and ceramic, born in Sydney, Kingston University, 1999. Also showed with Australia. Powerful groups of colourful, stylised Henry Boxer, Richmond, Surrey. Later solo figures were a key feature of her output. She studied exhibitions included Surrey University, in at Chelsea School of Art, 1978–9; gained an conjunction with Piano Nobile, 1996. Klein’s work honours degree in fine art from Slade School, was held in public and private collections in 1979–83; then did a postgraduate diploma in England and abroad. printmaking at the Slade, 1983–5. Her teachers included Paula Rego, Mick Moon and John Leo KLIN 1887–1967 Painter born in Grodno, Russia, Hoyland. Klein was a member of RE, Greenwich where he studied at the Imperial Academy of Fine Printmakers and the Printmakers’ Council. Group Arts, St Petersburg. In England he exhibited widely, exhibitions included New Contemporaries, at ICA; including RA, RP, UA, NEAC and throughout the British Drawing, at Hayward Gallery; Blond Fine provinces. Sunderland Museum and Art Gallery Art; RWA; ROI; and Bradford Print Biennale. Solo and Russell-Cotes Art Gallery, Bournemouth, hold shows included Creaser Gallery, 1986; Victorian his work. Lived in London. Artists’ Society, Melbourne, 1992; Woodlands Art Clara KLINGHOFFER 1900–1970 Painter, printmaker Gallery, 1993; and Boundary Gallery and and draughtsman, born near Lemberg, Austria. She Advanced Graphics London, both 2002. Arts grew up and studied in London, having her first Council, Ashmolean Museum in Oxford and one-man show at 19, which was a triumph. She London University hold examples. Lived in studied at Slade School of Fine Art and Central London. School of Arts and Crafts and in the late 1920s David KLEIN 1963–

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draughtsman, in the Old Master tradition. Jacob Epstein considered her “an artist of great talent, a painter of the first order … in the very first rank of draughtsmen in the world.” Venues showing her work included RA, Belgrave Gallery, NEAC and Venice Biennale. Travelled widely and painted many notable people, including Dame Sybil Thorndike the actress, the writer Isaac Bashevis Singer and the politician Sir Barnett Janner. Tate Gallery, Victoria & Albert Museum and Manchester City Art Gallery are among many holding her pictures.

good critical reception. For some years he worked in Ireland, solo exhibitions being held at the Davis Gallery, Dublin. After his death his work was sold through the Anthony Robert Klitz Gallery on the Internet and examples were also offered by Bonhams, Montpelier Street, in 2003.

Painter, designer and illustrator producing colourful, decorative work, born in Belgium. He trained at Stockport College of Art, 1992–4, winning the R J Brown top student award. As a designer Klompkes gained prizes from Royal Doulton and Sundour Fabrics, and exhibited at international trade fairs in New York, Frankfurt and Brussels. Work was shown in mixed exhibitions at Format Studios, Macclesfield, 1995; NaveDiez Art Gallery, Valencia, Spain (with a solo show there in 1997); and Gordon Hepworth Fine Art at 23 Smith Street, 1997. Olivier KLOMPKES 1972–

Realistic painter of Ukrainian-Jewish origin, using a rich palette, who grew up in the Soviet Union. From the age of 14 he studied at art college in Odessa. After completing his National Service he went to Leningrad, attending what is now the St Petersburg Academy of Art, where he obtained his master’s degree. In 1982 he pursued a postgraduate portrait project in the Ukraine, painting miners in Donetsk, despite suffering from claustrophobia. The pollution he encountered was to cost him his life. Five years after moving to London, where he settled with his artist wife Maria, whom he had met at the Academy, Kliot contracted lung cancer and within three months was dead. While living in London Kliot worked to commission, including copying Thomas Gainsborough’s work in Kenwood House, Hampstead. A memorial retrospective including his pictures of miners, landscapes ranging from Lake Ladoga to Hampstead Heath and still lifes was held at The Chambers Gallery in 2005. Alexander KLIOT 1953–1998

Margarete KLOPFLEISCH 1911–1982 Sculptor, painter, draughtsman and printmaker, born in Dresden, Germany. She was throughout her life dogged by ill-health, after a deprived youth. Leaving school at 14, she had to mother the family and do menial jobs, but managed to teach herself the violin, went to modelling classes and became involved in left-wing politics. Modelled for Otto Dix’s life class at Art School. When Hitler came to power Gretel joined her future husband, Peter Klopfleisch, in Prague, where she was taught by the artist Käte Schaffner. Joined the Oskar Kokoschka Club in 1937. Through it and AIA, of which she became a member, was able to emigrate to England. Attended sculpture classes at Reading University, but setbacks intervened, and she was interned in Isle of Man, where she was seriously Christiana KLITGAARD: see Christiana Brix May ill, and Peter was sent to Australia. When reunited Tony KLITZ 1917–2000 Painter notable for his she worked again as a sculptor, showing in London, atmospheric scenes of London. Klitz was born in Maidenhead, Cookham, Eton, Glasgow, Windsor Southport, Lancashire, educated at Bishop and Reading. In 1960 returned to Dresden with her Wordsworth School in Salisbury and attended two daughters, where her husband eventually Cheltenham Art School, 1936–9. He served in the joined her, but artistic recognition came slowly. Army in World War II, being demobilised with the Became a member of Dresden Artists’ Union and rank of major in 1945. He moved to London in a year before she died had successful exhibition 1950 and studied with the Australian artist at Galerie Comenius, Dresden. In 1987 John Hayward Veal. Klitz exhibited in the capital to Denham Gallery had a substantial show of her 70

work.

three days after he completed The Battle of Britain mural for the Polish metro, in Warsaw, Knapp had Zygmunt Eustachy KLOŚ fl. from 1960s– a heart attack and died in his studio. Knapp’s early Painter who during World War II served in the autobiography, The Square Sun, was published in Polish Army, afterwards settling in England where 1956. Lived in London, then in Wormley, Surrey. he worked. Meanwhile, he studied at the Polish School of Painting under Professor Marian Bohusz- John KNAPP-FISHER 1931– Painter in watercolour, Szyskzo and painted mostly at night. He was a oil and mixed media, born in London. He studied member of the Association of Polish Artists in at Maidstone College of Art, 1949–52, Great Britain and took part in group shows, concentrating on graphic design. Knapp-Fisher including Contemporary Art by Polish Artists then designed in the theatre and painted and abroad, at Imperial College, 1970. He also had a exhibited from a sea-going home for five years. solo show at the Cassel Gallery. Kloś He moved to Wales in 1965, settling in completed numerous paintings on hardboard, but Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, opening a after his sudden death and that of his wife studio/gallery in 1967. As Trevigan Gallery he Bronisława much of his work remained published postcards and limited edition unfound. reproduction prints of his paintings. KnappFisher’s subjects were landscape, seascape, Stefan KNAPP 1921–1996 Painter, born in buildings, boats, figures, animals and fish. He Biłgoraj, Poland, who settled in England aimed “to produce pictures that are exciting, have after World War II. Imprisonment in a Siberian strong compositional form and powerful visual labour camp in 1939 and service as a Royal Air imagery”. Showed at many venues, including RA, Force Spitfire pilot, 1942–5, had a lasting effect Agnew, the Marjorie Parr, Upper Grosvenor, on his artistic development. Studied at Central Bankside and Business Art Galleries, RWA, WAC, School of Arts and Crafts, Slade School of Fine Beaux Arts in Bath and elsewhere. Later Art, 1947–50, after initial education in Poland. exhibitions included Martin Tinney Gallery, Had first solo show at London Gallery in 1947, Cardiff, 2004. HRH The Prince of Wales, National then exhibited widely, including France, Germany, Library of Wales in Aberystwyth and Swansea America and Brazil. He was given a retrospective University hold examples. at Warsaw Gallery of Zachęta in 1974; in 1999 shows at the Polish Cultural Institute and Bryan KNEALE 1930– Sculptor, painter and teacher, Whitford Fine Art traced Knapp’s course through born in Douglas, Isle of Man. He studied at Douglas a type of Surrealism, freeform abstraction and Pop School of Art, 1947, then Royal Academy Schools, Art influences. Although he established a 1948–52, being a Rome Scholar in painting, 1949– reputation for subtle spraygun pictures, Knapp was 51. Kneale began making sculpture at the end of also noted for his painting in glass on steel and for the 1950s, a move which he later described as his paintings on enamel, fired in a kiln developed inevitable, because of his preoccupation with form. by him. Work held by many international museums, At first it was welded steel sculptures, but he later including Victoria & Albert Museum and Museum added other materials. Kneale was an abstract of Modern Art in New York. Toruń sculptor who drew on such inspirations as University, in Poland, holds his large mural devoted anthropomorphic and vegetal forms. Teaching to Nicolaus Copernicus. Also fulfilled many included Royal Academy Schools and Royal commissions for large murals, one for the College of Art, where he was first professor of Alexander Stores, in New York, having to be drawing until 1995. Was made RA in 1973. His assembled in an aircraft hangar. Two days after work appeared in group shows such as John overseeing the reinstallation of his 1960s Heathrow Moores Exhibition Liverpool, 1961; the 1966–7 murals in the Richard Rogers Transit Building, and Sculpture from the Arts Council Collection show; 71

and 1977 Silver Jubilee Contemporary British Sculpture Exhibition in Battersea Park, London. Kneale’s first solo show of paintings at Redfern Gallery in 1954 was followed by many others there. He had a retrospective at Whitechapel Art Gallery in 1966 and at RWA in 1995, with a seventiethbirthday exhibition at New Art Centre, East Winterslow, 2000. Helped organise two big sculpture exhibitions: British Sculptors ’72, at Burlington House, London; and the Battersea Park show. His work is in many international collections including Arts Council, Contemporary Art Society, Museum of Modern Art in New York and Tate Gallery. Lived in London.

1965, then travelled the world for a year, living in Sydney, Australia, 1967–9. She moved to London in 1969, attending Camden Art School, 1969–71. Knickerbocker painted in Madrid, Spain, 1971–2; Mill Valley, California, 1972–4; and Santa Fe, New Mexico, 1974–90. She then worked variously in London, Washington and Tucson, Arizona. A creator of colourful, vibrant images, Knickerbocker showed at Camden Arts Centre from 1970; Festival of the Arts, Santa Fe, from 1976; and Mariposa Gallery, Albuquerque, New Mexico, from 1982. She took part in a three-man show at Tricycle Gallery, 1984, solo exhibitions including Carol Thornton Gallery, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 1986.

Howard KNEE 1889–1971 Watercolour painter, born

Alick KNIGHT 1903–1983 Painter, printmaker, designer, illustrator and teacher, born in Ifield, Sussex, as Sidney Alick Knight. Studied at Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1919–22, with Bernard Meninsky and A S Hartrick. From 1922–4 Knight did his design training at Carlton Studios, joined the advertising agency Alfred Pemberton in 1924 and from 1926–45 was its art director-designer. Although rejected as an Official War Artist during World War II, Knight did a body of war work, as shown at Abbott and Holder in 1990. From 1939, Knight assisted with a range of government propaganda, then from 1942 he was in the Army, involved in camouflage and cartography; was attached to the Royal Army Medical Corps, making anatomical drawings in hospital and the operating theatre; then was appointed art instructor at the Army School of Education, Park Hall, Shropshire. After the war Knight resigned from Pemberton’s to devote himself to painting, although he also worked freelance for publishers and advertisers and taught in art schools. Knight was a member of the Society of Industrial Artists, Senefelder Club and London Sketch Club, showing at galleries including Leicester and Redfern. Lived in London.

in London, who studied at the School of Art, Dublin. Exhibited at the RA and RHA and had his work reproduced by several British and Irish publishers. Lived in Dublin.

Cecily KNEESHAW 1883– Watercolourist, full name

Cecilia Margaret Kneeshaw, who sometimes signed her work C K. She was privately educated, partly as a musician. Was a member of BWS and UA, with which she last showed in 1956. Also exhibited at RI, RCamA, RSA and Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, and had a solo show at Arlington Gallery in 1935. Lived in Lyndhurst, Hampshire. Frank KNELLER 1914– Painter of horses and dogs

in the manner of Stubbs, born in Bangor, Caernarvonshire. He studied at University College of North Wales and obtained a Bachelor of Science degree. In Edinburgh, studied at the College of Art under John Murray Thomson and dissected horses at a local veterinary college. Exhibited RSA, RCamA, RSW and UA and published some cartoons. Was a member of the Ski Club of Great Britain. Latterly lived in Eastbourne, Sussex. Painter, born in Chicago, Illinois, America, whose childhood was spent in Charlottesville, Virginia. She gained her bachelor’s degree in fine arts from George Washington University Corcoran School of Art in

Painter and colour printer, born in London, son of an architect, Edward F Knight. Arnold studied at Poole and with the Parkstone-based artist Walter Stritch Hutton, was a member of Bournemouth Arts Club and a keen sailor and oarsman, belonging to Parkstone Sailing

Arnold KNIGHT 1906–

Bonnie KNICKERBOCKER 1943–

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Bedfordshire. He studied at Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1955–7, teachers including William Roberts, Merlyn Evans and Blair Hughes-Stanton. For a dozen years he taught at Bedford College, also Bedford Prison. Neo-Romantic artists including Paul Nash, John Piper and Graham Sutherland influenced Knight’s work, which featured ruin and decay in derelict buildings and the landscape. From 1955 Knight was a member of UA. He had solo shows at Upper Street Gallery, Gordon Maynard Gallery in Welwyn and at galleries in Luton, Northampton and Letchworth. The Crown Commissioners, Luton and Letchworth Art Galleries hold examples. Wrote for Leisure Painter magazine.

Club. Despite being disabled by polio, Knight was an ardent landscape painter. As well as views of Dorset, he produced much work after World War II in Gloucestershire, where he stayed with his artist friends Arthur and Bertha Bell in Cheltenham. He also produced drawings for an experimental fighter for Gloster Aircraft Company. Showed at RA, RBA and Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool.

Landscape watercolourist, by profession an accountant, father of the artist Charles Knight. He was born in Slinfold, Sussex, became a member of Brighton Arts Club and painted extensively in the county where he showed, also depicting other parts of England and Wales. Brighton Art Gallery, which holds his work, gave him a memorial exhibition Esmond KNIGHT 1906–1987 Actor, singer and in 1949. recreational painter, born in East Sheen, Surrey. He was educated at Westminster School and made Charles KNIGHT 1901–1990 Painter, especially of his first appearance professionally at the Old Vic landscape, and teacher, born in Hove, Sussex, the in 1925. He made his first film appearance in 1931 county which he often depicted and where he and then established a career in television. Notable settled in Ditchling. Encouraged as a child by an among Knight’s numerous appearances was his amateur painter father, Knight entered Brighton one-man show Agincourt – the Archer’s Tale. College of Art soon after World War I, remaining During World War II Knight was in the Royal Navy, there for four years much influenced by his teacher, and while serving on the Prince of Wales was hit Louis Ginnett. Then studied for two years at Royal in the face by molten metal and blinded. He Academy Schools and etching at Royal College underwent rehabilitation at a St Dunstan’s training of Art. At college Knight won the Turner Medal school and was able to resume acting, partially and Landseer Scholarship; his prize composition, recovering his sight in 1943, but at best it was “like Llangollen, was bought for the Tate Gallery. In looking through clouds”, and it eventually mid-1920s was impressed by the work of John Sell deteriorated. Even so, Knight developed as a Cotman, and this left a lasting influence on Knight’s competent painter and had several shows, including watercolours. Taught at Brighton College of Art, New Town Gallery, Uckfield. Died in Egypt. being vice-principal from 1959–67. Showed Instead of a memorial service, there was a show regularly at RA and was a member of RWS and of Knight’s archer pictures at the Saga Art Gallery, ROI. In World War II Knight completed 40 attended by his two actress wives, Frances Clare watercolours for the Pilgrim Trust Recording and Nora Swinburne, with whom he acted on stage Britain project, making an invaluable record of the and screen. His daughter was the actress Rosalind Brighton area. Was married to the illustrator Knight. Leonora Vasey. Towner Art Gallery, Eastbourne, held an exhibition of Knight’s work in 1997 in Harold KNIGHT 1874–1961 Painter of sensitive conjunction with Chris Beetles. There was a portraits, especially of women, and interiors, born in Nottingham. In the mid-1890s he studied at the centenary show at Ditchling Gallery in 2001. local School of Art; also studied in Paris at Clifford KNIGHT 1930– Painter in a variety of media Académie Julian, his teachers including Jean-Paul and teacher, born and lived in Kempston, Laurens and Benjamin Constant. Knight married Charles

KNIGHT

1865–1948

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Laura Johnson – later to become Dame Laura Knight – the painter, in 1903, having known her in Nottingham and in Staithes, Yorkshire, where he painted on his return from France. With her he studied the Dutch masters in the Netherlands, then from 1908 they lived for a decade in Newlyn, Cornwall, eventually settling in London. Knight was a steady exhibitor at RA from 1896, being elected RA in 1937. Also showed Leicester Galleries, IS and elsewhere. His reticent work and personality were overshadowed by Laura’s ebullient, more colourful nature and painting, but his pictures’ real qualities have been more appreciated in recent years. Tate Gallery and Hove Museum and Art Gallery hold his work. Died in Colwall, Herefordshire.

Between 1908–18 they lived in Cornwall. Laura Knight exhibited first at the RA in 1903 and had a first exhibition with Harold at the Leicester Galleries three years later. She then began to exhibit widely in Britain and abroad. The Tate Gallery, British Museum and Imperial War Museum hold her work. She was elected RA in 1936, having become Dame Laura Knight in 1929. Laura Knight was a powerful Colourist and a prolific and strident draughtsman. She was especially fond of drawing scenes from the circus, ballet, music-hall, racing and gypsy life. She worked for the War Artists’ Advisory Committee during World War II, completing some excellent pictures, and then drew the war crimes trials at Nuremberg. Her autobiography is Oil Paint and Grease Paint, published in 1936. A retrospective was held at the Joseph KNIGHT 1870–1952 Painter, printmaker and Upper Grosvenor Galleries in 1969 and a large teacher, born in Bolton, Lancashire, who studied show at the Nottingham Castle Museum in 1970. in Paris. He settled in Bury, Lancashire, where he Lived in London. was head of the School of Art. Showed at RA, RCamA, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and at Lawrence John KNIGHT fl. from 1925–1950 Illustrator. Manchester City Art Gallery which holds his still Studied at Leicester College of Art, 1926–37, under life Chinese Pottery, oil on canvas, of 1931. John Pettinger and Sydney Watson, and was a member of Leicester Society of Artists and Ken KNIGHT 1956– Painter of richly coloured Leicester Sketch Club. After World War II service landscapes and coastal scenes, born in Sydney, in the Royal Air Force Knight became art director Australia, where he graduated from the University for a design group. He exhibited at public galleries in 1978. In 1979 he had his first solo exhibition at in Nottingham and Leicester and in Egypt and Parramatta, New South Wales, followed by several Palestine, the Egyptian Museum of Modern Art dozen others. Knight won many art prizes. He first buying his work. Lived in London. exhibited in London in W H Patterson’s Christmas Show 2001 and decided to paint in England during Lionel John KNIGHT 1901– Painter, born in Romsey, the summer of 2002, notably at the coastal resorts Hampshire. Showed at RWA, RBA, Arts Council of East Anglia. The result was a solo exhibition at and elsewhere and had one-man show at W H Patterson in 2003. Knight’s work was held Bridgwater Art Gallery, Somerset, in 1968. Lived by major corporate collections, including IBM, for some years in Penzance, Cornwall. Johnson & Johnson, Shell Oil, ANZ Bank as well as Castlemaine Art Gallery & Historical Museum. Loxton KNIGHT: see Edward LOXTON KNIGHT

Figure and landscape painter in oil and watercolour, draughtsman and etcher. Born at Long Eaton, Derbyshire, she studied art under Wilson Foster at Nottingham School of Art, where she met her husband, the painter Harold Knight. Together they painted at Staithes, near Whitby, where there was a small colony of artists.

Mervyn KNIGHT 1956– Painter, notably of landscape

Laura KNIGHT 1877–1970

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in sunlight, who trained at Reigate School of Art in the mid-1970s. His mixed show appearances included ROI, 1989; Anthony Sidgwick Gallery, 1990; RBA in 1991; Alberti Gallery, 1992; and Anna-Mei Chadwick, 1993, where he shared an exhibition. After a solo exhibition at Dance Attic

Studio, 1989, and Outlines Gallery in same year, Cadogan Contemporary, which gave her a solo in 1991 Knight had one at Matt’s Café. His work, show in 1991. British Museum held a picture by largely done in London, Dorset and Surrey, is held her on loan from RWS Diploma Collection. in private collections in Britain and widely abroad. William KNIGHT 1872–1958 Painter, designer and Paul KNIGHT 1950– Painter and teacher who studied teacher, born in Leicester, one of 14 children. at Hammersmith College of Art and Royal Attended Leicester College of Art, where he later Academy Schools, in 1984 gaining a Richard Ford taught. After working for his father as a painter Award, which took him to Spain to work. In that and decorator, ran off to London – where he studied year he had a studio space in Wapping, east London. at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art – and Paris to Taught at Chelsea College of Art and Chelsea & pursue a career as an artist, despite family Westminster Institute. Showed at RBA and disapproval. At first he concentrated on figure elsewhere in London. studies in watercolour, but after 1908 painted only in oil. First important show RBSA, 1901. Also Robert KNIGHT 1921–1987 Artist in fibreglass and exhibited RA, ROI, RI as well as extensively in mixed media, born in Leicester. He studied at the Europe and North America. The Victoria & Albert College of Art there, 1936–7, then worked in a Museum holds designs for printing; Leicester small commercial studio until 1940. After Army Museum and Art Gallery his oil paintings Autumn service 1940–5, Knight was at the Royal Academy Evening and Russet and Gold, typical pastoral Schools, 1946–50, then for 20 years he did a variety scenes. La Revue Moderne, 1924, and The Studio, of jobs, such as handyman and gardener. From the 1927, carried articles on Knight, who lived in late 1960s he showed busily, including LG; John Leicester. Moores Exhibition, Liverpool, from 1969; Nicholas Treadwell Gallery, from 1970; and Arthur Henry KNIGHTON-HAMMOND 1875–1970 extensively abroad. In 1981 Nicholas Treadwell Landscape painter, especially in watercolour on a gave Knight a sixtieth-birthday exhibition. large scale, and etcher; born in Arnold, Knight’s work accorded with Treadwell’s interest Nottinghamshire. Studied at Nottingham School in Superhumanism. He created three-dimensional of Art under Herbert Wilson Foster, at Westminster works, sometimes erotic, amusing, touching, or School of Art, in France and Italy. Knightoncruelly real, which he said were “taken from the Hammond was a member of leading watercolour Tragi-Comedy of day-to-day life with its societies in France and America, and was the only preoccupation with sex, love, religion and violence English artist to have been elected to the American Watercolour Society, New York, apart from Sir etc.” William Russell Flint. In Britain showed at RA, Sophie KNIGHT 1965– Painter, especially in ROI, NEAC, RCamA, RBA, Fine Art Society and watercolour. She attended Hertfordshire College RSW. Tate Gallery, Musée du Jeu de Paume, Paris, of Art, 1982, Camberwell School of Arts and galleries in New Zealand, South Africa and Crafts, 1983–6, and Royal Academy Schools, Yugoslavia as well as many British provincial 1986–9. She gained a number of awards, including galleries hold his work. He found watercolour a the David Murray Scholarship for Landscape, “nervy” business and disliked being overlooked 1988, the Eric Kennington Prize for the while painting, yet Knighton-Hammond Encouragement of Good Academic Drawing and established an international reputation, described the Hunting Group Student Prize, both in 1989. In by Augustus John as “the greatest English painter 1991 Knight was on the judging panel for the in watercolour of our time”. Like John he was a Hunting Group Art Prizes. She began showing at romantic, who travelled extensively to paint. South London Gallery, 1985, following shows Finally returned to live in Seaborough, Devon. including RA, NEAC, Boundary Gallery and Retrospective at Upper Grosvenor Galleries, 1971. 75

1899–1947 Painter and draughtsman, born in London, married to the artist Walter Thomas Monnington. She studied at the Slade School of Fine Art, 1915–17 and 1918–20. Her teachers included Henry Tonks and Fred Brown and she personified the Slade School tradition under their reign, her Composition: Mill Hands on Strike, for which she won a shared first prize for summer composition in 1919, having that firm draughtsmanship for which the Slade was then famous. She won a Rome Scholarship the following year, worked in Rome 1920–5 and returned to the Slade in 1927. One of her principal works was The Marriage at Cana for the British School in Rome, now in the National Gallery of New Zealand, in Wellington. Tate Gallery also holds her work. The British School and Fine Art Society put on exhibitions in 1995. The catalogue indicated that until about 1919 Knights signed work with an interlocking W M K monogram, occasionally early on after marriage using Winifred Monnington. Knights died in London.

Royal College of Art, 1902–7, under Édouard Lantéri.

Winifred KNIGHTS

In England exhibited at RA, RSA and SWA. Lived in London.

Joan KNOBLOCK 1917– Portrait and figure painter

and draughtsman in ink and pencil, born and lived in London. She studied part-time at Hornsey School of Art, but was largely self-taught. Her early work included fashion drawing and she was influenced in her plant form pictures by those of Graham Sutherland. Knoblock was a member of Free Painters and Sculptors and Hesketh Hubbard Art Society. Mixed show appearances included RI and RP. Solo shows included Commonwealth Institute, Thames Gallery in Henley-on-Thames, the Hendon, Hampstead and North Finchley Libraries and abroad, where Knoblock travelled extensively.

Eardley KNOLLYS 1902–1991 Painter, administrator

and collector, born in Alresford, Hampshire. He was educated at Winchester College and Oxford University, where he helped to found the Uffizi Society. After an abortive attempt to become a film director in Hollywood Knollys became part-time secretary to Viscount Hambledon, chairman of the booksellers W H Smith, then in 1935 founded the Storran Gallery, which promoted leading French and British artists, and started to assemble a fine personal collection. After World War he continued to work for the National Trust and became a committee member for the Contemporary Art Society. Took up painting, having his first solo show in 1960 at Minories Gallery, Colchester, others taking place in England and New York, including latterly Southampton City Art Gallery and Parkin Gallery. There was a first posthumous exhibition at The Bloomsbury Workshop Ltd in 1999, Messum’s showing selected works from the studio estate in 2002. Knollys (pronounced Noles) painted landscapes in bright colours, often in Spain and France. Lived in London.

Painter who employed a drip technique to create abstract pictures which were related to such subjects as lichen, water and graffiti. He was born in Swansea, studying at the College of Art there and in Paris. He gained a Government Research Fellowhip in 1967–70, involving Finnish Academy of Art and Helsinki University. A Henry Moore research grant took him to America in 1987. Knipe showed extensively in groups, including Glynn Vivian Art Gallery and tour in Welsh Artists 2; Jarrow: Impressions of a Town, Bede Gallery, Jarrow, 1986; and in the Newcastle Group 1990 show The Northern Lights, at DLI Museum & Arts Centre. Solo exhibitions included British Council, Helsinki, 1969; Octagon Theatre, Bolton, 1972; and Prudhoe Library Art Gallery, 1986. East Sussex Education Authority and University College in Swansea hold his work. Lived in Newcastle upon Tyne. Gertrude M KNOPP 1875– Painter born in Kilninver, Gertrude KNOBLOCK fl. c.1906–1969 Sculptor in lead Argyllshire. After private education in Brighton, and bronze, born in New York, who studied art Sussex, she attended Slade School of Fine Art, under George Barnard at the Art Students’ League 1899–1904 under Henry Tonks and Fred Brown. there, at the Académie Julian, Paris, then at the Married the Hungarian artist Imre Knopp, who Tony KNIPE 1942–

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died just after World War II, which led to part of her exhibiting career occurring in Hungary. Thus she showed in Budapest, where the Museum of Fine Arts holds her work; also exhibited widely elsewhere on the continent. In Britain she showed at WIAC, of which she was secretary for several years before World War I, RA, NEAC, ROI and elsewhere. Finally lived in London. Early in her career she exhibited under her maiden name Gertrude M Curtis.

of Art, taught by Graham Sutherland and Robert Medley, winning a prize for landscape. From 1936– 40 Knowland worked in advertising, painting on Sundays, aged 18 showing The Lane, Kenwood, Hampstead, with the LG. During World War II Army service in Scotland Anne Redpath lent him a studio, and he continued to paint while stationed in Kenya. After demobilisation, a more intellectual attitude to Knowland’s “discoveries of the eye” developed during three years at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts under William Coldstream and Lawrence Gowing. Between 1949–72 Knowland examined for London University and taught at the Spendlove Centre in Charlbury, Charterhouse, Ruskin School and St Clare’s Hall in Oxford and West Oxfordshire Technical College, painting when he could. He illustrated two books; painted several murals in London and one at Watlington Secondary School; and showed as a member of Oxford Art Society and in London, Norwich, Brighton and in West Germany and South Africa. Aged 54, retired early, he took a studio in Little Coxwell, Oxfordshire. There was a memorial show at the Central Library, Oxford, in 1987.

Karen KNORR 1954– Artist using photography, and

teacher, born in Frankfurt, West Germany. She lived in Puerto Rico, 1958–72. Graduated from Polytechnic of Central London in 1980 and went on to do research there. In 1981–2 she was included in Woodlands Art Gallery show of Greater London Arts Association award winners. From the late 1970s, Knorr’s photographic work developed through major series: Belgravia, 1979–80; Gentlemen, 1981–3; Country Life, 1983–5; Connoisseurs, 1986–9; Capital, 1990–3; The Virtues and the Delights, 1993–4; and from 1994, Academies. In her 2001 show Sanctuary, at Maureen Paley/Interim Art, part of Academies, Knorr alluded to allegorical traditions found in older myths and in eighteenth- and nineteenthcentury paintings where animals had symbolic functions. She was then a visiting tutor at Goldsmiths’ College. Arts Council holds her work.

Emma KNOWLES 1967– Figurative painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in Liverpool, who studied at Gwynedd Technical College and Norwich School of Art. Held a number of teaching posts from 1990, including Edge Hill and Blackburn Colleges of Higher Education, St Helens Community College, Wirral Metropolitan College and HM Prison, Risley. Knowles gained a Nöel Spencer Award for Life Drawing, 1989; Elizabeth Greenshields Foundation, 1991; Michael Gourley Award, 1993; and Edward Oldham Trust Award, 1995. Group shows included Portraits North, Harrogate Art Gallery, 1989; MAFA, Manchester City Art Gallery, from 1993; and Royal Over-Seas League Open, 1996, where she showed Before the Game I, one of a series of small studies of the crowd at Old Trafford, her local football ground. Knowles, a RCamA member, shared a show there with her father Mike Knowles in 2002.

Martin KNOWELDEN 1943– Wildlife sculptor, born

in Hertfordshire. He studied at Watford School of Art, specialising in printmaking. Went on to work on a number of wildlife and field sport publications, notably with the writer D Brien-Plummer. Exhibitions included Ivor Giblin Gallery; Coach House Gallery, Guernsey; San Francisco Art Expo; Bath Festival; and Toronto Art Fair. Lived for a time in Cambridgeshire.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, muralist and teacher, born in London, who practised art while at Dulwich College and Frensham Heights. Aged 16 he met R O Dunlop, who encouraged the use of a palette Jayne KNOWLES 1967– Artist employing metal and knife. In 1935 he spent a year at Chelsea School paper, and lecturer, based in Colchester, Essex. Dennis

KNOWLAND

1918–1985

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She gained a crafts honours degree at Crewe & Alsager College of Higher Education, 1990, in 1992 setting up a workshop. After founding Base2 with Peter Jones in 2000, in 2002 Knowles gained her master’s in book arts at Camberwell College of Arts. She combined the production of a range of candle holders with the creation of single pieces for private and public commission. Knowles lectured part-time in three-dimensional design at Colchester Institute, 1994–8 and from 2000, teaching the same subject at Swansea Institute, 1998–00. Exhibitions included Fires and Feasting, Brewery Arts, Cirencester, 1997; Light of my life, Oriel Myrddin, Carmarthenshire, 1998; 2001: Craft Odyssey, Bury St Edmunds Art Gallery, 2001; and Over The River, firstsite, Colchester/Wolsey Art Gallery, Ipswich, 2002. She had a solo show, To seed, at the Space Frame Gallery, Gillingham, Kent, in 1992.

Justin KNOWLES 1935–2004 Self-taught sculptor, painter and printmaker, publisher and property developer, born in Exeter, Devon, educated at Kelly College, Tavistock, who after National Service, 1955–7, worked in industry and advertising, travelling extensively on the continent and in Africa. After a visit to New York in 1965, Knowles taught for a time at Bath Academy of Art, Corsham, living near Chudleigh, Devon. Knowles was part of Camden Arts Centre’s Survey ’67 Abstract Painters in 1967, work including the free-standing shapes which, he said, “remain paintings rather than sculpture in that the painted form works across the physical form rather than following it, as in most painted sculpture.” Arts Council acquired two such shapes: Bayaka, 1967, and Steel with Brown, Version I, of 1967–8. Mixed exhibitions also included John Moores Liverpool Exhibition of 1965. Solo exhibitions included Plymouth City Art Gallery, 1967. Knowles’ future as a major modern British abstract artist seemed assured until, in 1973, in mysterious circumstances, his uninsured studio caught fire, costing most of his finished work in progress and all his materials. What Knowles called “the silent time” began. After his 1973 show at Waddington Galleries, it would be

24 years before he exhibited again. In the intervening period Knowles taught in Exeter and turned his attention to various businesses, launching the publishing house Denys Ingram, which focused on collectible antique toys; became a book packager, including working with the Walt Disney Company; returned to Devon from London and launched the Flyfishers’ Classic Library; and pursued his hobby of big game-fishing, fishing for the English team in the 1994 World Cup in Mauritius. A chance visit by Patrick Heron and the art collector David Thomson sparked a return to art production, although during his “silent” period Knowles had secretly made almost 4,000 drawings. Visits to the Far East were influential and Knowles began producing spare and beautiful sculptures, superbly finished in a range of materials. He gained a series of awards and there were major commissions for Winchester Cathedral, 2001, and Exeter Cathedral, 2002. Later solo shows included City of Bath College, 2001, and Austin/Desmond Fine Art and Lemon Street Gallery, Truro, both 2002. In 2003, Michael Wood Fine Art, Plymouth, put on an exhibition in conjunction with the City Museum & Art Gallery there. Museum of Modern Art in Oxford, Arts Council of Northern Ireland and University of Warwick hold examples.

Mike KNOWLES 1941– Painter and teacher, born in

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Warrington, Lancashire. He studied at Liverpool College of Art, 1959–63, then at Slade School of Fine Art, 1964–6. There he won the Tonks Drawing Prize and Landscape Painting Prize. Landscape remained a main preoccupation, with the countryside around his home in Anglesey, Gwynedd, an inspiration, as in his entry for John Moores Exhibition, Liverpool, 1991–2: Mynydd Eilian, Windy Day, Summer. Other mixed exhibition appearances included The Native Land: Welsh Landscape Painting since 1699, Llandudno, 1979, and The Probity of Art, WAC, 1979–80. His first solo show was at Bluecoat Gallery, Liverpool, 1967, and he had a retrospective at Mostyn Art Gallery, Llandudno, 1992. Knowles taught at Liverpool Polytechnic from 1967, in 1991 being elected professor emeritus in fine art. Knowles, a

RCamA member, shared an exhibition there with his daughter, Emma Knowles, in 2002. In 2003, Knowles shared a show at The Walk with three Slade contemporaries: James Arnold, David Carr and Peter Prendergast.

II intelligence centre; E V Knox (Evoe), humorist and Punch editor; Monsignor Ronald Knox, priest and author; and the writer Penelope Fitzgerald.

Painter, notable for his portraits and murals, born in Newtownbutler, County Fermanagh. He attended Belfast College of Art, 1924–30. In 1953 was made an associate of RUA, also exhibiting with RHA and ROI. Knox was a prominent member of Ulster Arts Club, being its president in 1955. Lived for many years in Belfast. Harry Cooke KNOX 1905–

Painter noted for nearabstract, gestural landscapes in oil inspired by his native Cornwall, to which he returned in 1988 after a period in London. Settled at Plain-an-Gwarry, in the southwest, his ancestors having been miners. Archetypal figures from Kabuki and Noh theatre also featured in his pictures. Studied at Farnham and Winchester Schools of Art, 1964–9, then Slade School of Fine Art until 1971. Exhibitions included City of London Festival, 1971; Arts Council at Hayward Gallery, 1982; Artists from Cornwall, RWA, 1992; and Demarco’s Choice, Newlyn Art Gallery, 1993. Solo shows included Newlyn Art Gallery, 1991, and Austin/Desmond Fine Art, 1996. In 2004, Six Chapel Row Contemporary Art, Bath, showed Knowles’ French Hill Notes – The Gorge Galamus Studies, stemming from a feature the artist had found while travelling in the foothills of the French Pyrenees. He received South West Arts and Arts Council Awards to paint in the area and help mount the exhibition. Shaw Theatre held his work. Stuart KNOWLES 1948–

Jack KNOX 1936– Painter, draughtsman and teacher,

born John Knox at Kirkintilloch, Dunbartonshire. He studied at Glasgow School of Art, 1953–7, where his teachers included William Armour and David Donaldson. In 1958 won a travelling scholarship which enabled him to study in Paris under André Lhote. Knox painted in a variety of styles, being influenced by the American Abstract Expressionists for a time, although on occasion creating still lifes in the manner of the Dutch Old Masters. From 1965–81 Knox taught at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee, in 1981 becoming head of painting at Glasgow College of Art. Took part in many group shows in Scotland and abroad and had a series of one-man exhibitions, including 57 Gallery, Edinburgh; Serpentine Charlotte KNOX 1951– Painter and illustrator, born Gallery in London; and Civic Arts Centre, in London, who studied art at Ruskin School in Aberdeen. In 1983 a solo show was toured to a Oxford before attending a one-year postgraduate number of Scottish venues by the Scottish Arts course in illustration at St Martin’s School of Art. Council; Drawings 1956–1998 was held by Cyril Her first solo show was held at Hammond Lloyd Gerber Fine Art and Compass Gallery, Glasgow, Gallery in 1975, featuring watercolour landscapes in 1998. Was elected RSA and has work in many of Italy and England. From that time Knox worked public collections, including Scottish National as a freelance illustrator specialising in natural Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh. Lived for some subjects. She joined with the writer Jane Grigson time in Carnoustie, Angus. to produce the book Exotic Fruits and Vegetables, illustrations for which were shown at Chris Beetles Liz KNOX 1945– Painter and lecturer, born and lived Ltd in 1986, the year of its publication. She was in Glasgow, notable for her richly coloured still included in Six Egg Tempera Painters at New lifes with an unusual perspective, as in her first Grafton Gallery, 2001. Charlotte was the daughter London solo show at Duncan Campbell Fine Art of Oliver Knox, advertising executive, policy in 2004. Knox graduated from Edinburgh College analyst and writer, one of a talented family that of Art in 1971, having studied drawing and painting included his father Dilwyn Knox, classical scholar under Robin Philipson and David Michie. Family and a key figure at the Bletchley Park World War commitments prevented her painting for some 79

years; she then lectured in further education, painting and exhibiting as time allowed; until in 2004 she resigned from teaching to paint full-time. Knox was elected an artist-member of Glasgow Art Club, Paisley Art Institute and the Glasgow Society of Women Artists and a professional member of Visual Arts Scotland. She won the inaugural Kennox Prize at the Paisley Art Institute in 2003 and was main exhibitor in the Kennox Exhibition at The Richmond Hill Gallery in 2004. In 2003 she was also invited by East Renfrewshire Council to be featured artist in its Festival of Colour. Other solo exhibitions included Calton and Kingfisher Galleries, Edinburgh, Rozelle House, Ayrshire; Gallery Heinzel, Aberdeen; and St Mary’s Episcopal Cathedral, Glasgow. Her work was regularly seen at venues throughout Britain, including shared exhibitions, and was held by The Royal Bank of Scotland, Aspect Capital Ltd and private collections in Europe and America.

Scottish borders area. Work by Knox was offered by the Tallantyre Gallery, Morpeth, at the Affordable Art Fair in Battersea in 2006. His work sold well in Britain and abroad.

Painter, often using acrylic on paper, producing richly coloured, gestural images, born in Malaysia. Studied with Hock Aun Teh, then from 1994 at Glasgow School of Art. Exhibited in Salon Glasgow, Centre for Contemporary Art in Glasgow, 1992; Contemporary 1992/93 at Art Gallery & Museum in Kilmarnock, 1992–3; at Royal Over-Seas League Open from 1994; and Paisley Art Institute Exhibition, Paisley Art Gallery, 1995. Manchurian Restaurant, Glasgow, holds work. Lay-Ngo KOAY 1975–

Zofia KOBYLIŃSKA-OLSZEWSKA fl. from 1970s– Painter, born in Warsaw, Poland, who during

World War II was in Auschwitz concentration camp. She moved to England in 1947, studying for her diploma with Professor Marian BohuszSzyszko at the Polish School of Painting. Kobylińska-Olszewska was a member of the Association of Polish Artists in Great Britain and the International Association of Arts. She took part in exhibitions at venues including POSK, Drian and Grove Galleries; Gruzelier Modern and Contemporary Gallery; in Katowice and Cracow, Poland; and in Stuttgart, Germany. Among her solo shows were POSK Gallery, 1978; Drian Gallery, 1986; One One Nine Gallery, 1990; and Grove Gallery, 1992. Private collections in Britain, Poland, France, Austria, Switzerland, Italy and America held her works.

Madeline KNOX 1890–1975 Painter, draughtsman and

embroiderer, originally from Grantham, Lincolnshire. She moved to London in 1906 and attended Lambeth School of Art briefly, was then with Sickert at Westminster School of Art, joined his etching class, helped him to set up an etching school and then the Rowlandson House school, but withdrew in 1910. Travelled in France and Canada, then returned to London early in World War I, marrying Arthur Clifton who ran the Carfax Gallery. Settled in Mersham, Kent, in 1925 and gave up painting to concentrate on embroidery. The altar frontal at Burghclere Chapel, decorated by Stanley Spencer, is by Knox. She had a show at Carfax Gallery in 1916, also showing pictures at NEAC and London Salon. In 1976 the Fine Art Society included her work in Camden Town Recalled.

Peter KNOX 1942– Artist and lecturer notable for his depictions of scenes from seafaring history, ships, spars and quaysides, as well as leisure pursuits of the common man and unusual crowds scenes. He painted world-wide on board ship and became artist-tutor to the College of the Sea and lecturer on art at Norwich, from 1973 based in the

Sculptor and draughtsman, born and lived in London, daughter of the writer and art critic Leo Koenig. After a poor scholastic start, Koenig won a scholarship to Hornsey School of Art, 1939; left it in 1942, serving four years in the Army; studied under Henry Moore at Chelsea School of Art, 1946–8; and at Slade School of Fine Art, 1948–9. Koenig created modest-size bronzes and terracottas, specialising in high relief. She stained the terracottas with dark ink prior to burnishing them, to restore the clay’s

Ghisha

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KOENIG

1921–1993

richness. Most of Koenig’s work was based on watching factory workers over 30 years. She was concerned with “the dignity of man” and “the trapped nature of human beings”. Mixed exhibitions included RA; Jewish Artists in England, Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1956; SPS; AIA; and 10th Sculpture Biennale, Middelheim, Belgium, 1969. Had a solo show at Grosvenor Gallery, 1966, later ones including Serpentine Gallery and tour, 1986. Boundary Gallery held a memorial show in 1994. Tate Gallery and public galleries in Manchester, Sheffield and Stoke-on-Trent hold examples.

Ferniegair, Hamilton. Koenig lived in Hove, Sussex, and had work in public and private collections.

Sculptor born in Warmbaths, South Africa, where she attended Johannesburg School of Art, 1974–6, then St Martin’s School of Art, 1977–80. Gained the Afrox Student Prize and New Signatures Sculpture Prize in 1976, in 1980 The Sykes Prize (2nd). Showed in Cannizaro Park, Wimbledon, 1982, and was included in Woodlands Art Gallery 1983 show Have You Seen Sculpture from the Body? Lived in London.

Hilde KOHLY 1955–

Oskar KOKOSCHKA 1886–1980 Painter, teacher and

Heidi KOENIG 1964– Artist,

notably a printmaker, born in Heilbronn, West Germany. She did a foundation course at Walthamstow College, 1990– 1; obtained a first-class honours degree in fine art from Brighton University, 1991–4; and gained a postgraduate diploma in fine art printmaking from Slade School of Fine Art, 1994–6. Koenig won a number of awards at the FBA National Print Exhibition, Mall Galleries: in 1995, the Artichoke Print Workshop Award for the most outstanding print; in 1996 the Zenith Gallery Purchase Prize, Galleries Magazine Award and St Cuthberts Paper Mill Award. Group shows included Images in Edition, Maze Gallery, Brighton, 1992, and RA Summer Exhibition, 1996. From 1996 showed solo with Enid Lawson Gallery. Strang Print Room at University College and Whipps Cross Hospital hold her work.

Sculptor and creator of coloured reliefs in wood, born in Manchester. In 1973–6 studied at Brighton Polytechnic for firstclass honours degree in fine art, in 1976–8 gaining higher diploma for sculpture at Slade School of Fine Art. Exhibitions included Serpentine Gallery summer show, 1980; Bluecoat Gallery, Liverpool, and Paton Gallery, both 1984; Middlesbrough Art Gallery, 1986; Huddersfield Art Gallery and Milton Keynes Exhibition Gallery, both 1992; and Worthing Museum and Art Gallery, 2000. In 2002– 3, there was a retrospective of Koenig’s sculptures in wood made over the previous 20 years at Cadzow Gallery, Chatelherault Country Park,

writer, born in Pöchlarn, Austria. He was educated at Vienna School of Industrial Art, and was early a member of the Jugendstil movement, writing Expressionist plays many found offensive. Badly wounded in 1915 in World War I, after a long recovery Kokoschka settled in Dresden and taught at the Academy and was influenced by the Brücke, notably in choice of colour. Kokoschka had established himself as a painter of psychologically perceptive portraits and in the 1920s he travelled extensively through Europe, North Africa and Asia Minor completing singular landscapes. In 1931 he settled again in Vienna but in 1934, with a politically uncertain future hanging over Austria, Kokoschka moved to Prague, then England in 1938. Became a British subject in 1947, but from 1953 lived mainly in Switzerland. In Salzburg founded the International Academy of Fine Arts and taught there, 1953–63. Had a Tate Gallery solo show in 1962, another in 1986 and showed several times with Marlborough Fine Art from 1967. He was made an Hon. RA in 1970. His autobiography My Life was published in 1971, and London Views, British Landscapes in 1972. Many international collections hold his work.

Robert KOENIG 1951–

Matthew KOLAKOWSKI 1956– Abstract painter who

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used stencilled shapes and a bright, attractive palette; teacher. He was born in London and studied at Watford School of Art, 1974–5, then gained a first-class honours degree at Ravensbourne College of Art, 1975–8, followed by his master’s degree at

Chelsea School of Art, 1978–9. Was at Garnett College, 1984–5. Kolakowski showed with New Contemporaries in 1977, other mixed shows including LG of which he was elected a member in 1990, South London Gallery, 1992, and Duncan Campbell Contemporary Art, where he had a solo show in 1993. Kolakowski held a number of teaching posts in the London area, beginning with Ravensbourne in 1980–2, other appointments including St Martin’s College of Art, 1985, and Wolverhampton Polytechnic, 1991–2.

Shaw, 1981–2, then graduated with first-class honours at Slade School, 1982–6. Wryly humorous and imaginative work drew on his childhood and used costumes and other memorabilia. In Whitworth Young Contemporaries, 1983, he gained a Granada Foundation Prize, in 1987 a South Bank Board Prize, then in 1991 a Spectator Art Prize. Later awards included a prize at John Moores Exhibition at Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, 1995; Cheltenham Drawing Prize, 1999; Hunting Group Regional Prize, 2000; and first prize in the Hunting Art Prizes, 2004. Group appearances included Blond Fine Art, 1985; Vanessa Devereux Gallery, 1989; City Art Centre, Edinburgh, 1993 exhibition Polish Roots – British Soil; invited artist, RA Summer Exhibition, 1993 and 1994; A Scottish Renaissance, Contemporary Painting in Scotland, The Rotunda, Hong Kong, 1996; and Aberdeen Artists, Aberdeen Arts Centre, 2001. Solo shows took place at Traverse Theatre Club, Edinburgh, 1979, and The Collective Gallery there, 1984–92; Michael Wardell Gallery, Melbourne, 1988; William Jackson Gallery from 1991; and Flowers East from 1996. Arts Council, British Council and Manchester City Art Gallery hold his work.

Gideon KOLB 1913–1984 Kolb combined careers in industry, acting and art, as a portrait painter and sculptor. Born in Vienna, he was educated there and in Paris before studying art at the Regent Street Polytechnic and Chelsea College of Art. He took part in mixed shows in Munich and London, notably at the Redfern Gallery, and had a series of one-man exhibitions at the Camden Institute and Drian Gallery. The Financial Times and Loggia Gallery purchased his work. Lived in London. Julius KOMJATI 1894–1958 London-based artist who

was elected an associate of the RE in 1931, his diploma work entitled The Prayer, completed in 1928. He also exhibited on nine occasions in the RA Summer Exhibition. Abbott and Holder latterly Frederick KÖNEKAMP 1897–1977 Painter, lecturer offered his work. and writer, born in Offenburg, Baden, Germany. After World War I military service was a prisoner Masakatsu KONDO 1962– Painter, born in Nagoya, Japan, where he had a solo show at the Kohji Ogura of war in Scotland. He then studied mathematics Gallery, 1996. He studied at Chelsea College of and philosophy at Universities of Basle, Freiburg Art, 1988–9, and Slade School of Fine Art, 1989– and Berlin. For most of the 1920s he lectured in 93. Won the Granada Foundation Prize in Young mathematics and as a journalist was concerned Contemporaries at Whitworth Art Gallery, with advocating school reform. Being a Socialist, Manchester, 1993, and a prize at John Moores he decided to leave Germany in 1933 and travelled Liverpool Exhibition, 1997–8. Other group shows widely, began painting and was converted to included Annihilation, 1993, and Gallery Artists, Roman Catholicism. Settled in Britain in 1935 and 1994, both at Victoria Miro Gallery; British Artists, after World War II internment in Canada returned at Shoshana Wayne Gallery, Los Angeles, in the to Britain in 1945, in 1949 settling at Cotllwyd, Biennale there, 1995; Whitechapel Open, 1996; Dyfed, where he founded the Cotllwyd Group, a and East, at Norwich Gallery, Norwich, 1997. group that went on to show in England and Germany. Took part in SWG, WAC and Royal Lived in London. National Eisteddfod mixed shows and had many Henry KONDRACKI 1953– Painter and printmaker, solo exhibitions, including Wilton and Drian born and settled in Edinburgh, who studied at Byam Galleries, Albany Gallery in Cardiff and abroad. 82

Had a retrospective at National Library of Wales, examples. He lived in Wolverhampton. Aberystwyth, in 1965. National Museum of Wales in Cardiff, WAC and German collections hold his Harold KOPEL 1915– Painter in oil and teacher, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland. He work. attended University College in London and Central Nigel KONSTAM 1932– Sculptor and teacher, born School of Arts and Crafts. Became a secondary in London. He studied sculpture at Camberwell school art master and a senior lecturer in further School of Arts and Crafts with Karel Vogel and education. The spirit of a place was a key element briefly at the Royal College of Art. He lectured at sought after in Kopel’s pictures. He was a member many art colleges on art historical subjects; from of ROI and took part in many mixed exhibitions, the early 1980s ran the Verrochio Art Centre in including RA Summer Exhibition and RWA. He Tuscany with his wife Janet; and produced The won a Silver Medal at Paris Salon and the Save Rembrandt Campaigner, part of a long effort Cornelissen Prize at 1990 ROI annual show. Had to save the artist from the experts whose effect he a series of solo exhibitions. University College and felt was diminishing a reputation. Konstam showed Nuffield Foundation hold examples. Lived in at RA, LG, NEAC and at John Moores Liverpool London. Exhibition. His solo exhibitions included Architectural Association in 1971; Kreisler Gallery Heinz KOPPEL 1919–1980 Painter, draughtsman and (Madrid, Barcelona and Salamanca), 1980; The teacher, born in Berlin, Germany. He studied and Orangery, Holland Park, 1984; and in 1993 he worked in Germany, Czechoslovakia, Italy, shared a show at Cadogan Contemporary. Among Belgium and England before moving to Wales in musicians who sat for him were the conductor Otto 1940, in the mid-1940s settling in Dowlais, Klemperer, the violinist Manoug Parikian and the Glamorgan. For 15 years he taught art to children and adults at the Art Centre there, worked and composer John Ireland. taught in London and then went on to teach at Michael KONU 1971– Sculptor and teacher, born in Liverpool Polytechnic. Showed in the WAC 1968 Cracow, Poland, of British nationality, who show Art in Wales 1900–1956, with 56 Group of attended Bilston College of Art & Design, 1990– which he was a founder-member, SWG, SEA and 1, gaining a fine art honours degree at elsewhere. Had a number of solo shows at Beaux Wolverhampton University, 1991–4. Won a West Arts Gallery, also at Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Midlands Arts grant, 1996, and a RBS membership Swansea. A fine draughtsman-painter, witness his bursary, 1997. He gained commissions and Head, in Arts Council collection. residencies, including Dudley Zoo and Castle, carving a 15-ton block of stone, 1993–5, and Adam KOPS 1956– Artist who studied life sculpture shortlistings for Nelson Thomlinson School, and drawing at Camden Arts Centre, 1980–1; did Wigton, 1997, and Church Street Sculpture, a foundation course at St Martin’s School of Art, London Borough of Enfield, 1998. Konu was 1981–2; and sculpture courses at Wimbledon sculpture tutor at Midlands Art Centre from 1996. School of Art, 1982–3, and St Martin’s, 1984–7, Among Konu’s group shows were Art in Ruins, gaining his degree. Mixed shows included Royal Dudley Castle, 1993; Bistrita Municipal Gallery, Festival Hall, 1986, and Ben Uri Gallery from Romania, 1995; The McHardy Sculpture 1990. Had solo shows at Camden and Kingsgate Company, from 1995; and Millfield School, Street, Galleries from 1988. In 2000, shared an exhibition 1998. Solo exhibitions included Elemental, Dudley at Tricycle Gallery. His work was steel and usually Castle, 1996, and The Stables Gallery, Gladstone figurative. Lived in London. Park, 2000. Dudley Public Art Resource Unit and Henry KORDA 1957– Painter and draughtsman, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sangeorz-Bai, notable for figure paintings and portraits. Born in Romania (where Konu had a residency, 1995) hold 83

London and studied at City and Guilds Art School, 1975–9, in 1979–81 doing a postgraduate course at Royal Academy Schools. In the following year travelled in Africa. From 1984 showed in RA Summer Exhibition. After sharing a show at Scribes Gallery in 1983 had two solo exhibitions in 1984–5 at Cylinder Gallery. Further one-man exhibitions included Cadogan Contemporary, 1991. From 1988 lived for a time in Scottish highlands.

lists her as Halina Korn-Żuławska.

Pen and ink draughtsman and etcher, born of Polish Jewish parents as Naphtali Kornbluth in London’s East End. The area was his main subject, and his work remains a valuable record of much that has disappeared as well as capturing its particular atmosphere over several decades. Kornbluth’s family did not approve his artistic interests, and he stayed in the wholesale menswear business all his life. Studied in the evenings at Hackney Technical School under Norman Janes, 1933; with W P Robins, Paul Drury and James Fitton at Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1934–7; and at Sir John Cass School of Art in 1970s. Kornbluth showed in the East End Academy from the mid-1930s at Whitechapel Art Gallery, solo exhibitions including Campbell & Franks, 1980; Sir John Cass, 1986; and Lamont Gallery, 1988. His main works included Demolition of Waterloo Bridge, etching 1936; Regents Canal Dock, etching, 1936; and the 1939 lithograph Return from Spain, depicting Major Clement Attlee’s section of the International Brigade proceeding along Vauxhall Bridge Road. British Museum, Guildhall Library, Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris, Brooklyn Museum, National Maritime Museum, New York City Library and Ben Uri Art Society hold examples. Lived latterly in northwest London.

Nathaniel KORNBLUTH 1914–

Sculptor and portrait medallist in bronze, born in Frankfurt, Germany. He studied at Kunstschule there, served in the Austrian Army during World War I, was captured and imprisoned in Siberia for several years, escaping and returning to Frankfurt. Worked as a portrait sculptor until Hitler came to power, when Kormis moved to the Netherlands and then in 1934 settled in London. There he established a reputation as one of the most distinguished medallists of his time, producing effigies of dozens of distinguished figures, including Winston Churchill, Golda Meir, Charlie Chaplin, Michael Tippett and J B Priestley. Showed at Beaux Arts Gallery, Fieldborne Galleries and abroad. His work is held by British Museum, Imperial War Museum, Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge and the Royal Air Force Museum in Hendon. Among his public commissions were the Shield Bearer in Corn Exchange in Stratford-upon-Avon, the Prisoner of War Memorial in Gladstone Park, Willesden, and Halina KORN-ŻUŁAWSKA: see Halina The Everlamenting Harp at Kiryat Gat, Israel. He KORN also exhibited as Fritz Kormis. Marian KOŚCIAŁKOWSKI: see Jan Fred KORMIS 1896–1986

Fritz KORMIS: see Fred KORMIS

MARIAN-KOŚCIAŁKOWSKI

Leon KOSSOFF 1926– Painter of portraits and views

Halina KORN 1902–1978 Sculptor and painter in oil,

born in Warsaw, Poland. She was a self-taught artist who had studied to be a singer and who married the painter Marek Zulawski. Settled in London early in World War II. Showed at RA, LG, WIAC and AIA, had solo shows in Warsaw and New York and a series in London, including Mayor Gallery, 1948, Beaux Arts Gallery, 1953, and Camden Arts Centre, 1981. Ben Uri Art Society holds her work, as does Toruń University, Poland, which

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of the dingier parts of London, where he was born of Russian-Jewish parentage and continued to work, and teacher. Kossoff’s sometimes large pictures, in an impastoed, Expressionist style, hardworked and based on careful drawing, were a contrast to their sensitive, retiring creator. After World War II Army service Kossoff studied at St Martin’s School of Art, 1949–53; also at the Borough Polytechnic in the evenings with David

Bomberg, which had a lasting influence, 1950–2; and at the Royal College of Art, 1953–6. He had his first one-man show at Helen Lessore’s Beaux Arts Gallery in 1957. He taught at Regent Street Polytechnic and Chelsea School of Art, 1959–64, and St Martin’s, 1966–9. Was represented in important group exhibitions and had a string of solo shows at venues such as Marlborough Fine Art, Whitechapel Art Gallery and Anthony d’Offay. In 1995 had a first solo exhibition on continent, at Venice Biennale and in Amsterdam, with a retrospective at Tate Gallery in 1996. There was a survey show at the Louisiana Museum, Humlebaek, Denmark, 2004–5. The Tate, Royal College of Art and Saatchi Collection hold examples.

born in London. He studied at Slade School of Fine Art with Randolph Schwabe as principal, 1944– 7. Taught at Folkestone Art School, 1966–70; Medway School of Design, 1970–5; New Metropole Arts Centre, 1975–6; then part-time at Medway College, 1976–91. Koster was a foundermember of SWLA and among influences on his work were Thomas Bewick, Eric Ravilious and Allen W Seaby for birds. Koster aimed to produce work “with a wide appeal but also with authenticity”. He created a mural for Royal Veterinary College and completed wood engravings for John Stewart Collis’s Down to Earth. Participated in many group shows, including RA Summer Exhibitions from 1960; New Metropole Arts Centre from 1961; Bear Lane Gallery, Oxford, from 1964; John Nevill Gallery, Canterbury, from 1975; and Daler Gallery, Bournemouth, 1990. Had a series of solo shows at Everyman Foyer Gallery from 1958, later ones including Zella 9, 1989. Many public collections hold examples, including galleries in Aberdeen, Belfast, Eastbourne and Southend. Lived in Folkestone, Kent.

Adam KOSSOWSKI 1905–1986 Religious artist of major stature who also completed significant secular works. Kossowski worked in many media, but was notable for his use of sgraffito, scratchthrough drawing employing two differently coloured coats of plaster. Born in Nowy Sącz, Poland, Kossowski studied architecture at Warsaw Technical University, 1923– 5, then painting at Cracow Academy of Fine Arts, 1925–8. Began exhibiting and taught mural painting at Warsaw Academy of Fine Arts, 1934– 8. In late 1930s studied and worked in Italy and France, then returned to Warsaw. Suffered hardship as a prisoner in Soviet Union in World War II, in 1942 joining Polish Army, serving in Middle East; arrived in Britain and in 1943 was working in London for Polish Ministry of Information. In 1944 had a solo show Polish Soldier’s Journey. Started to show extensively, including Guild of Catholic Artists and Craftsmen. From 1950 for about 20 years Kossowski completed 100 works at Aylesford Priory, Kent. Other notable works were the 1,000square foot Camberwell Public Library Old Kent Road ceramic and the ceiling of the Chapel of St Benet at Queen Mary College. Was buried at Aylesford. Toruń University, Poland, holds his work. David KOSTER 1926– Artist mainly in etching and aquatint but also relief, watercolour and oil, teacher,

Painter and draughtsman who was partly educated in England, partly in New York where she attended the School of Interior Design. In 1966–8 studied there at 5th Avenue School of Art, having been at Cheltenham College of Art, 1960–2. Showed widely in America, also at RA, UA, Clarges and Chenil Galleries. Lived in London. Lesley M KOSTER 1927–

Self-taught painter, latterly of meticulous still lifes, born to an Estonian father and English mother. Kotka began work as a toolmaker and designer of aluminium extrusion dies, painting in 1979 and turned professional in 1983. Kotka began to paint still life in 1995 after he visited Tallin and saw an exhibition of the noted Estonian artist Olav Maran, a contemporary painter working in a traditional manner. The Dutch seventeenth-century painter Willem Kalf was another influence. Tallentyre Gallery, Morpeth, showed Kotka’s work, held in many British and foreign private collections.

Peter A KOTKA 1951–

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George KOTSONIS 1940– Painter and draughtsman, born in Palechori, Cyprus, eventually settling in the island at Paphos. Studied at St Martin’s School of Art, 1958; in 1960 won a scholarship to China, attending the Peking Academy of Fine Art under Ai-Choun Sin; in 1963 went to Czechoslovakia, again on a scholarship, graduating from Prague’s Academy of Fine Arts in 1967, teachers including Antonyn Pelts. Kotsonis’s figurative work went through phases, including realism, stylisation influenced by Cubism, Byzantine and folkloric elements, the later female nudes being noted for a blonde luminosity. He took part in many mixed shows internationally, later solo exhibitions including Bromham Mill Gallery, Bedford, 1987, and Kyklos Art Gallery, Paphos, 1993. In Nicosia, the State Collection of Contemporary Art, Bank of Cyprus and Hellenic Bank hold examples.

in Britain and abroad, he had solo exhibitions including: Soviet Culture Centre, Damascus, 1984; Ganz Galleries, Cambridge, 1990; City Theatre, Tuxtla, Chiapas, Mexico, 1992; then there was a series at his studio and at colleges in Cambridge, where he lived, with one at Waterstone’s bookshop there in 1996. In 1993 Kourbaj founded his own group in the city, which held annual shows. The British Museum Department of Prints and Drawings holds a sketch-book by him.

Sculptor and draughtsman, born and lived in London, who graduated at Newcastle Polytechnic, 1985–8, gaining a master’s degree from the Royal College of Art, 1988–90. Obtained a Barclays Young Artist of the Year Award, 1991; Royal Society of Arts’ Arts for Architecture Awards, 1996 and 1997; and a British School at Rome Scholarship, 1997. Took part in Thirza KOTZEN 1953– Artist and teacher, born in many group exhibitions in Britain and abroad, later Johannesburg, South Africa, whose work was ones including Lost, Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, characterised by colour and strong design. Gained 2000, which Kovats curated. Later solo exhibitions a fine art degree from University of the included Asprey Jacques, 1998, and New Art Witwatersrand, 1974; an advanced study diploma Centre Sculpture Park and Gallery, Salisbury, 1999; in printmaking, Central School of Art & Design, Kovats’ solo exhibition Slip, at Yorkshire Sculpture 1976; and a master’s degree at the University of Park, West Bretton, in 2002, included landscapeOregon, America, 1979. Was a visiting lecturer related metamorphic forms created with malleable there, 1980–1. Awards included Lloyd’s Bank warm wax layered within a vice-like machine, as Young Printmaker of the Year, 1984. Among later well as abstract works on paper created by blowing mixed shows were Under Other Skies, Art First, ink with a single breath through a straw; and there 1995; Celebration of South African Jewish Artists, was another show at Newlyn Art Gallery, Penzance, Pretoria Museum of Art, South Africa, 1996; and and tour, 2004. Kovats’ architectural projects in 1998 Ceramic Vessels, at New Academy Gallery, included Plinth, for Ikon Gallery, 1998. Among where Kotzen had a series of solo exhibitions, with public art works were Garden, commissioned by one at Curwen Gallery, 2004. Completed a the Public Art Development Trust, 1995; commission for the P&O liner Royal Princess. St Viewpoint, Kielder Water, Northumbria, 1998; and Thomas’s Hospital, Keynes College in Canterbury Sitooteries, Belsey Hall, Northumberland, for English Heritage, 2000. Leeds Museums and and many corporate collections hold examples. Galleries hold Kovats’ work. Issam KOURBAJ 1963– Artist born in Soweda, Syria, who studied painting and drawing in Damascus; Zygmunt KOWALEWSKI 1913–1982 Artist, designer architecture in St Petersburg, Russia; and theatre and sculptor, born in Warsaw, one of the group of design/scenography in London. Kourbaj, whose Polish paper sculptors who made an impact in output included abstracts, said: “When I work I Britain after World War II. He was deported to think of water. With every touch the surface Siberia, having studied at Warsaw Academy of trembles. My work is a struggle to capture the Fine Arts. After release, joined the Polish Army fragility of that trembling.” As well as mixed shows and went with it to the Middle East, where he was Tania KOVATS 1966–

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chief of graphics for the Polish Information Centre, preparing exhibitions, designing posters and publications. Demobilised in Britain he set up his own studio, the men’s outfitter Austin Reed being an important early client. Others included British Overseas Airways Corporation, Air India, Swiss Air and Ford Motor Company. Perspex, mirrors and moving lights as well as paper sculpture were some techniques Kowalewski employed. He was included in Polish Paper Sculpture, at Polish Cultural Institute, 1995.

Chichester, both 2001, and Stadtmuseum Beckum, Beckum, and Kulturforum Rheine, Rheine, both Germany in 2002. That gallery holds her work, as do many other public and corporate collections in Britain and abroad, including Lever Brothers Ltd, Walker and Manchester Art Galleries, and University of Liverpool. She lived in Milton Street, Polegate, Sussex.

Printmaker and teacher, born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, who attended University of Manitoba School of Art, 1967–71; did a postgraduate printmaking course at St Martin’s School of Art, 1973; and her master’s in visual theory, University of East London, 1992– 4. Kowalsky worked independently at Islington Print Workshop, 1972–3, then took part in a specialist printmaking group at the Brighton Polytechnic faculty of design, 1974–5. Among Kowalsky’s many awards was a Henry Moore Fellowship in Printmaking at Leeds Polytechnic, 1987. She held numerous lecturing and workshop appointments from 1975, later ones including posts at Universities of East London and Brighton and Birkbeck College. Also held senior appointments with the Printmakers’ Council (1982–5) and Designer and Artist Copyright Society (1985–97) and from 1990–3 was adviser to The Prince’s Youth Business Trust. As well as participating in many group shows such as the Whitechapel Open, RA Summer Exhibition and LG, Kowalsky had a series of solo exhibitions, from 1976 at Axis Gallery, Brighton, later ones including Anna Bornholt Gallery, 1996. In 1990, Kowalsky was commissioned to create banners for Dover Castle. Narrative and biography were key elements in Kowalsky’s work. In 2000, her long-gestated Marian & Dorothy series of monoprints was first shown at the Freud Museum. Public collections holding her work include Victoria & Albert Museum, Smithsonian Institution in Washington, Australian National Gallery in Sydney as well as British provincial and Canadian sites. Lived in London. Elaine KOWALSKY 1948–2005

Christine Kowal POST 1951– Sculptor, printmaker, ceramist, draughtsman and teacher. Born and lived in Ibadan, Nigeria, and Ghana, 1951–3. Attended Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence, 1972–3, from 1970–4 studying at University College of Wales, Aberystwyth; graduated with joint honours in fine art and Italian. After working as a graphic artist in Canada and Europe, 1975–82, Kowal Post worked as an artist on Merseyside; in 1986 she was a visiting lecturer at Bristol Polytechnic. She was also a visiting lecturer at Wrexham College of Art, Wirral College of Further Education, Liverpool Institute, City Art College in Liverpool and Crewe and Alsager College of Art. Other features of her career were Artists in Industry, Lever Brothers Ltd, Merseyside; Woodcut Print Workshop at Cornerhouse, Manchester; and Liverpool Disablement Resources Unit tutor, all in 1986. She had residencies at Bury St Edmunds Cathedral, 1988, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, 1989, and Minories Art Gallery, Colchester, 1991. Later sculpture commissions included Ashworth Hospital, Merseyside, and Glan Clwyd NHS Trust, Cancer Treatment Centre, both 2000. The artist showed at SGA; Mall Galleries; Hanover Gallery, in Liverpool; Contemporary British Woodcuts, at Worcester City Art Gallery; and John Moores Exhibition, Liverpool, in 1987, where she was a prizewinner. Had a solo show at Hanover Gallery, 1985, another at Williamson Art Gallery and Museum, Birkenhead, in 1987. Kowal Post then had a frequent run of one-man exhibitions, later ones including Millais Gallery, Southampton Institute, and Otter Gallery, University College, Magda KOZARZEWSKA 1952– Painter in oil of landscapes, figures and still life, and teacher, born 87

in Warsaw, Poland, where she attended the Children’s Theatre, 1962–71, and Students’ Theatre Sigma, 1971–3. Originally intended to study in Warsaw, but instead was accepted by Chelsea School of Art, 1974–7, then Slade School of Fine Art, 1977–81, where she was taught by Euan Uglow. Later teaching posts included Royal College of Art and Heatherley’s School of Fine Art. She was a bold, rich Colourist, with echoes of Matisse, Cézanne and Derain in her work, which showed a strong design. She had a solo show at Polish Cultural Institute, 1975, another in 1991. Other one-man exhibitions took place at Sue Rankin Gallery, 1988, Petworth House in 1990, Thackeray Gallery, 1991, and Duncan Campbell from 1995. Among group shows her work appeared in were Hayward Annual Drawing Exhibition, 1982, and John Player Portrait Award, 1986. Works were held by private collections in several continents.

in European fine art from the Winchester School of Art in Barcelona and England, 1992–3. Work experience included graphic design and illustration for Leeds City Council, 1981–4; freelance work in the city, 1984–7; teaching fundamental design skills to trainee hairdressers at Thomas Danby College of Further Education in Leeds, 1985–6; working in New Zealand, Australia and Indonesia, 1987–8; then self-employment as an artist from 1989. Kozich was a founder-member of The Pavilion Women’s Art Centre, Leeds, 1982–5. In 1996 she had a printmaking residency at Lowick House Print Workshop, Ulverston, developing work from sketches made in Eritrea that year. Kozich’s work was “primarily figurative and Expressionist, using the human form metaphorically to deal with themes of birth, death and transformation, notions of identity, and so on. Bold drawing and use of chiaroscuro and movement predominate more than colour.” Group exhibitions included Wales Open Art Show, Aberystwyth Arts Centre, 1990; British International Miniature Print Exhibition, Leicester City Art Gallery and tour, 1994–6; Oriel 31 Open, Davies Memorial Gallery, Newtown, where she was first prizewinner, 1995; and Showcase Wales, Y Tabernacl, Machynlleth, 1996. Solo exhibitions included Birdwoman & Other Stories, Station Café, The Railway Station, Aberystwyth, 1995. Lived in Machynlleth, Powys.

Painter, ceramic sculptor, potter and teacher, educated at a private convent school, Mount Battenhall, Worcester. Kozerska graduated with honours from Bristol University, also studying at L’École des BeauxArts in Paris; history of art at the University of Grenoble; and the Institute of Education at London University for a postgraduate teaching diploma. Several years of practical pottery and ceramic followed, including two at the Hampstead Artists’ Council, and an art diploma from the Polish School of Painting under Professor Marian BohuszSzyszko. Went on to teach and show in Rye, Sussex, and in London, including Association of Polish Artists in Britain as a member; Contemporary Art by Polish Artists Abroad, at Imperial College, 1970, and POSK Gallery, 1985; and Heal’s and Liberty’s stores. Kinga KOZERSKA fl. from 1960s–

Helen KOZICH 1958– Versatile artist, designer, illustrator and teacher, notable for paintings, relief prints and collographs, born in Connecticut, America, and resident in Britain from 1974. She gained an honours degree in fine art, printmaking, at the University of Leeds, 1976–80, tutors Terry Atkinson and Griselda Pollock, then her master’s

Jerzy J KOŻNIEWSKI 1926– Painter in oil, born

in Poznan, Poland, who attended technical school and studied art under Maria KalinowskaKożniewska. Kożniewski was a member of the Polish Underground Army (AK) from 1940, in 1944 was a prisoner-of-war in Germany, then moved to England in 1946, where he studied political science. His work was included in Form and Colour, Congress of Polish Culture Exhibition of Fine Arts by Polish Artists in Great Britain, at POSK Gallery, in 1995, and he also showed solo in London, where he lived. Private collections in the United Kingdom, France and America hold examples. 88

Radovan KRAGULY 1934–

Versatile artist, born in

Prijedor, Bosnia, who graduated from the Academy of Fine Art, Belgrade, Yugoslavia, in 1962, having had a first one-man exhibition at Galerija Doma JNA in the city eight years before. He gained a number of prizes and was awarded a British Council grant to study at the Central School of Arts and Crafts in London, 1962–3. In 1964–5, Kraguly had several prints issued by Editions Alecto, in 1965 having a solo exhibition of drawings and etchings at the ICA. Angela Flowers Gallery gave him a first show in 1977; he continued to exhibit internationally, latterly dance- and video-related works; and Flowers East showing Kraguly’s new prints and drawings in 2001. South London Gallery holds his work.

reputation with shows in Yorkshire and London. In 1959 he was elected president of Leeds Fine Arts Club, in 1960 having a retrospective at Leeds City Art Gallery. Six years after his death the City of Leeds Branch College of Art was renamed Jacob Kramer College of Art. Later shows included Parkin Gallery, 1973, Belgrave Gallery, 1990, centenary show at Leeds University Art Gallery then works on paper, Boundary Gallery, 2000. The Tortoise and the Hare, works by Kramer and his brother-in-law William Roberts, was a Ben Uri Gallery touring show in 2003. Kramer was a fine draughtsman and was capable of producing memorable, hieratic images. The sculpture of him by Epstein is in Tate Gallery, which also holds Kramer’s work, as do Victoria & Albert Museum Fritz KRÄMER 1905– Painter, especially portraits and British Museum. of juveniles, and teacher who was born in Vienna, Austria. Studied at Vienna School of Fine Arts and Joseph KRAMER 1887– Painter, draughtsman, in Germany. For a short time towards end of World printmaker and typographer. Brought up in War II he taught painting at King’s College, Czechoslovakia, he studied art in Vienna. During Durham University. Showed in Vienna and in World War II he was registered as an alien, which England in Newcastle, RA and Storran Gallery. restricted his ability to paint freely. Showed with Finally lived in London. Tate Gallery archive holds RCamA and in East Anglia. Lived near Mold, his self-portrait in charcoal. Flintshire.

Painter, draughtsman and printmaker, born in Klincy, Ukraine. His father Max was a court painter, as was his uncle Boris. Kramer arrived in England in 1900, settling in Jewish colony in Leeds, and he was to remain faithful to the city. After a period at sea and working in northern towns, where he attended evening classes at Manchester School of Art, in 1907 Kramer returned to Leeds, attending similar classes at its School of Art. From 1908–11 he studied there full-time on a scholarship, Sir Michael Sadler becoming his patron, then from 1913–14 studied at Slade School of Fine Art. In 1915 Kramer had a solo show with Mathews & Brooke, Bradford, was invited to show with Vorticists in London and was elected LG. Kramer’s sister Sarah married the artist William Roberts. Kramer began to create a name as a Yorkshire-based artist, showing with Fred Lawson at Leeds School of Art in 1916, also having a solo show at Bradford Arts Club. The inter-war years saw Kramer consolidating his

Sculptor, carver, designer and teacher, born in Vizovice, Czechoslovakia. He worked as a commercial photographer, 1967–8, in 1969 moving to England, working with mentally subnormal children at Bethlem Royal Hospital. From 1972–4 was assistant designer at 401½ Workshops, then studied sculpture at Ravensbourne College of Art and Design, 1975–9. Went on to teach sculpture and wood-carving at adult classes at Bromley Centre for Arts and Crafts and Orpington Adult Education Centre from 1982. Kratochvíl took part in sculpture show at Camden Lock, 1983, at The Showroom in 1984 and in that year participated in a four-man exhibition at Woodlands Art Gallery, showing abstract work.

Jacob KRAMER 1892–1962

Jiří KRATOCHVÍL 1946–

Marian KRATOCHWIL 1906–1997 Painter and writer,

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born in Kosow, Poland, whose early training was in the studio of Stanisław Batowski. He read philosophy and history at Lvov University.

After active service in World War II he painted in Scotland, then London, chronicling the life of the city, also painting widely in Spain. In 1961 he married the artist Kathleen Browne, assisted in the running of her school and late in life published a perceptive monograph on her work. British Museum, Victoria & Albert Museum, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art and several foreign collections hold his work, including Toruń University, Poland. He shared a retrospective with his wife at Polish Cultural Institute in 1994, showing his drawings of life and places on Poland’s pre-war eastern borders.

dispatches; and worked in intelligence with the Ministry of Defence, retiring as assistant director of intelligence (logistics) in 1973. In 1966, he renewed his interest in art and began purposefully and prolifically exhibiting wherever he lived, in 1985 settling in Wetherby, Yorkshire. Outlets included Stanmore, Harrow, Coventry & Warwickshire and Stratford-upon-Avon Art Societies; HM Customs & Excise Art Club; London Guildhall, 1971; Herbert Art Gallery, Coventry, 1974–6; Leamington Spa Art Gallery, 1978; Wetherby Art Gallery, 1989; and many hotels. Muscular Dystrophy Society Christmas cards featured Kraty’s scenes and Bishopsgate Insurance Company owned his work. Within 25 years of retirement Kraty had sold some 1,400 pictures to buyers in Britain and extensively abroad. His unique story is told in two privately published memoirs: Some Batting and Bowling Experiences (With Bias) of a Self-Taught (postretirement) Painter, 1996, and From The Inside Looking Out, 2000.

Sculptor, draughtsman and lecturer producing elegant and abstract work in various materials. He was born in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, graduating in sculpture from the city’s University of Art, 1989, gaining his master’s in 1991, meanwhile lecturing on sculpture in metal there. Won several awards in Yugoslavia. In 1991 moved to London, further teaching including sculpture, University of Manchester, 1996–8. Was a member of RBS and Yugoslav Association of Fine Artists. Group shows included 28th October Salon, Belgrade, 1987; Chelsea Art Society Annual, 1992; 36th October Salon, Belgrade, 1995; and Acava Open Studios, from 1996. Later solo shows included The Kelly Gallery, 1997. In 1999, Kratohvil shared a four-man exhibition at Beardsmore Gallery and in 2004 was included in Modern and Contemporary Sculpture at Wolseley Fine Arts. He carried out extensive commissions in Yugoslavia and London, later ones including Iron Sculpture and Wall Sculpture, both Standard Life, 1999. Marko KRATOHVIL 1958–

Roy KRATY 1909–2002 Self-taught painter, mainly of detailed landscapes and townscapes in oil, born in Bournemouth, Hampshire, encouraged by his artist and curator cousin Dorothy King. After schooling in Ilford, where he showed early artistic promise, Kraty could not find placement as an advertising agency trainee, so became a bookkeeper. Was trained as a navigator in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve in World War II, serving in the Far East; was mentioned in

Artist whose output included performances, and teacher, born in New Jersey, America. She graduated in philosophy from University College in London, 1965–8, in the mid1970s teaching it at Polytechnic of North London. Studied at City & Guilds of London Art School, 1969, then Slade School of Fine Art, 1969–71. Solo performances included Motherhood at 1st Bracknell Performance Festival, South Hill Park Arts Centre, 1983; group performances Government of the First and Thirteenth Chair, by John Latham, Riverside Studios, 1978. Mixed shows included Wapping Artists Open Studios from 1980. Lived in London.

Roberta KRAVITZ 1944–

Sculptor, born in Oberhausen, West Germany, who settled in London. Studied at the Art Academy, Düsseldorf, 1995–00, under Hubert Kiecol, then with Tony Cragg at Royal College of Art, 2000–2. Showed extensively in Germany; in Soap on the rope, with Noah Sherwood, at Atrium Gallery, PricewaterhouseCoopers, 2002; and in that year had a solo exhibition at Galerie Ferdinand-Ude, Gereon KREBBER 1973–

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Gelsenkirchen, Germany. Won the Deutsche Bank Pyramid and Remet Art Awards in London and the Forderpreis der Stadt Gelsenkirchen. In 2003, Krebber’s proposal Tin won the £25,000 Jerwood Sculpture Prize. Comprising a giant tin, with the top slightly open or nearly closed, it was said to “reflect the artist’s notion that ‘Beyond literal legibility and metaphorical ideas, my sculptures should be ambivalent in their meaning and identity.’”

Margret KROCH-FRISHMAN 1892–1972 Printmaker, painter, draughtsman and sculptor, born in Saxony, Germany, who studied at the Academie for Graphic Art, Leipzig; Staatlichen Kunstschulen, Berlin; and in Dresden and Paris, teachers including Hugo Steiner-Prag, Hans Meid, Karl Hofer and Oskar Kokoschka. Having begun to establish a reputation as a versatile artist, she lived in Brussels, 1934–9, then emigrated to Australia, moving to Britain in 1950 and settling in London, although she continued to work abroad, notably in Israel and Italy. In London she produced prints at the Charlotte Street Studio, Royal College of Art and with Editions Alecto, including Venetian scenes. Kroch-Frishman exhibited internationally, among her many venues being Galerie am Luetzo Ufer, Berlin; Kozminsi Gallery, Melbourne; André Weil and Marcel Bernheim, both in Paris; Galleria Santa Stefano, Venice; and in London the RE, Contemporary Portrait Society and Gallery One. Solo shows included Flower House Galleries, 1965, and Tib Lane Gallery, Manchester, 1967.

Painter, born in Frankfurt, Germany, who attended St Martin’s School of Art in 1946. Showed with Hampstead Artists’ Council, LG and RA and had a series of solo exhibitions. Shared a show with Peter Freeth at Beardsmore Gallery, 2002. Lived in London. Marianne KREEGER 1929–

Anthony KRIKHAAR 1940– Painter, born in Almelo,

Netherlands, who moved to Britain to study art in 1959 and settled in London. After the Deva-Vak School of Art, Almelo, he was at Byam Shaw and St Martin’s Schools of Art. He was a landscape, genre and portrait painter, employing bright colours, who applied thick pigment to the canvas, the result being almost sculptural. Exhibitions included Gallery 10 and Galerie Krikhaar, Amsterdam, both from 1987; RVS Fine Art, Southampton/New York and Links of Affinity at Knapp Gallery, both 1989. Singer John Lennon, comedian Danny la Rue, actor Richard Chamberlain and a number of corporate collections in Britain and abroad held examples.

Designer and teacher, born in Moscow, Russia, whose family moved to Germany in the early 1920s for medical reasons. Kroll studied design, especially for shop-windows, at the Reimann School of Art, and, as an assistant teacher, followed the Reimann when it moved to London in 1936. In 1940 she became a display artist at Rowntree’s department stores in Yorkshire, in 1942 joining the Simpson store in Piccadilly in London, where she settled, overseeing its window and in-store displays and newspaper advertising. Tamara KRIKORIAN 1944– Video artist, born in Bridport, Dorset. Group appearances included The There, economy, wit and elegance marked her Video Show at Serpentine Gallery, 1975; Acme work, as it did when she joined the BBC from 1955, Gallery, 1979; Arnolfini Gallery in Bristol, 1981; making an indelible mark as head of its studio and Signs of the Times, Museum of Modern Art, design unit. Kroll made a singular contribution to Oxford, 1990. Solo exhibitions included An Huw Wheldon’s Monitor television arts Ephemeral Art, Third Eye Centre, Glasgow, and programmes and Ken Russell’s documentaries on Eye to Eye, Scottish Arts Council, Fruitmarket the lives of composers, such as the 1962 landmark Gallery, Edinburgh, both 1979; The Heart of the one on Elgar. In 1966, the year Kroll was made a Illusion, at Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, 1981, and Royal Designer for Industry by the Royal Society Air Gallery, 1982. Arnolfini, Brighton Polytechnic, of Arts, she went freelance, continuing to work British Council and Museum of the Moving Image with Russell on his 1970 feature film about Tchaikovsky, The Music Lovers. She insisted on all hold examples. Natasha KROLL 1914–2004

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Russian realism when she was involved in such productions as the televised Tchaikovsky opera Eugene Onegin, in 1967; Stravinsky’s The Soldier’s Tale, 1968; and in 1971 productions of Chekhov’s The Three Sisters and The Cherry Orchard. More feature films followed, including the L P Hartley adaptation The Hireling, 1973.

Christopher KU 1957– Painter, born in Hong Kong, who studied at Gray’s School of Art, Aberdeen, and at Royal College of Art. In 1987 Ku won the Maclean/Watters Gold Medal and Latimer Award for Painting, in 1989 the John Minton Scholarship at the Royal College. Group shows included Mall Galleries and Scottish Gallery, Edinburgh, both 1989; Paper Work ’90, Seagate Gallery, Dundee, Krome: see Krome BARRATT 1990; Whitechapel Open, 1994; and Journeys West, University of Essex tour, 1995. Had a solo Rineke KROON 1945– Artist noted for watercolours and prints of landscapes in Netherlands, where she exhibition at Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, 1989, was born in Hoogezand, and Scotland, where she others including Henrietta House, 1994. moved in 1976. Spent a period of each year based Judith KUEHNE fl. from 1940s– Painter and at Strathcarron, Wester Ross, part of it in draughtsman, born in Detroit, Michigan, America, Maastricht. Her wet-into-wet watercolour who studied at the local Society of Arts and Crafts, technique was apt for catching changing weather 1946–9, then at College of Architecture, University effects, large skies and damp landscapes. of Michigan, graduating with an honours degree Exhibitions included Haagse Kunstkring, The from Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1954. From 1954–79 Hague, 1976; Pier Arts Centre, Stromness, fom Kuehne’s work was mainly representational, some 1980; Inverness Museum and Art Gallery, 1982; being commissioned by University of Lexington, Gallery Verenigde Spaarbank, Amsterdam, 1986; Kentucky, where she then lived, having a solo show and Links of Affinity, Knapp Gallery, 1989. at Transylvania University in 1983. In 1979

Kuehne moved to London for a decade, her work turning to Abstract Expressionism. From 1991 she lived in Cabrieres, in the south of France, where she again adopted representation, strongly influenced by abstraction. Kuehne appeared in a group show at Minsky Gallery, 1982; had two solo exhibitions at Usiskin Gallery, 1989–90; then showed solo at Nicholas Bowlby Gallery, Tunbridge Wells, 1995.

Figurative painter and draughtsman, born in Cape Town, South Africa. He studied fine art at University of Witwatersrand, 1979–82, then for his master’s degree in mid-1980s at Royal College of Art. In Johannesburg had a solo show with Shell Gallery. In England exhibited with LG, in Camden Annual and in 1985 was a prize winner in John Moores Liverpool Exhibition. Arts Council holds his picture Restless Tonight, 1986, bought from Fischer Fine Art, Harris Museum and Art Gallery in Preston owning The Ventriloquist’s Convention, 1988. In 2002, Krut’s Heartless Roach won 2nd Prize in The Jerwood Drawing Prize and was shown at Midlands Arts Centre, Birmingham, and Glasgow School of Art, 2002–3. There was a solo show, Lie Still My Beating Heart, at Domo Baal in 2004. By this time Krut’s monochromatic fantasies inhabited by small figures had been replaced by rather cartoon-like, grotesque creatures, as in Turd Eaters on a Flatcar, with touches of strong colour. Lived for a time in London. Ansel KRUT 1959–

Vic KUELL 1924– Painter in acrylic and watercolour,

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full name Victor John Kuell, born in Andover, Hampshire, who attended Bromley School of Art, 1938–42, and the Royal College of Art, 1947–50. He participated in the Football Association competition Football and the Fine Arts in 1953. Other exhibitions included Société d l’Art Contemporain, Paris, France, 1984; RA Summer Exhibition, from 1987; Galerie Metropolis, Geneva, Switzerland, 1985; Galerie Espace Laser, Paris, 1990; International Biennale of Malta, where he won an award, 1995; and Galerie Carré d’Or, Paris, 2000. Kuell was an honorary member of the LG, elected in 1981, and was featured in its

ninetieth anniversary volume, published in 2003. For it he wrote that he would “most liken my work to that of Miles Davis the jazz musician in detached mood”. Corporate collections in London and New York, America, held his work. Kuell lived in Edenbridge, Kent.

Guildford, from 1983, and New Grafton Gallery, from 1983. One-man shows included Highgate Gallery, 1983–5, and New Grafton Gallery, 1986, also Agnew, 1989, W H Patterson from 1994, Brian Sinfield Gallery, Burford, 2003, and Petley Fine Art, 2004. He was one of the New Grafton’s Portrait Centre artists. Kuhfeld accompanied HRH The Prince of Wales on trips to Africa and Japan, some of the resulting pictures being included in a notable Kuhfeld show at Agnew, 1991. The Prince also owned a portrait of him by Kuhfeld. Kuhfeld was a member of RP and NEAC and was married to the painter Cathryn Kuhfeld, with whom he shared a show at the New Grafton Gallery in 2004. He lived in Wye, Kent.

Cathryn KUHFELD 1957– Artist, born in Stafford, who was married to the painter Peter Kuhfeld. She did a foundation course at Canterbury College of Art, 1974–5; graduated with honours in fine art, painting, Bath Academy of Art, 1975–8; studied painting as a postgraduate, Royal Academy Schools, 1978–81; and completed a City and Guilds of London Art School calligraphy and lettering course, 1992–3. Prizes and awards included British Council Prize for Printmaking, 1979; Eric Kennington Prize for Good Academic Drawing, Landseer Prize for Painting from Life and Elizabeth Greenshields Scholarship, all 1981; and Italian Government Scholarship, 1982. Among her exhibitions were RA Summer Exhibition, 1980; Hunting Group Prizes, Mall Galleries, 1982; RWA, 1983; The Discerning Eye, Mall Galleries, from 1991; Kent Painters Group, from 1994; Images from my Kitchen, Christopher Hull Gallery, 1996; RP, 1997; and NEAC, from 2002. In 2004 she shared an exhibition with her husband at the New Grafton Gallery. HRH The Prince of Wales, the Nuffield Foundation and Sir Brinsley Ford owned examples. She lived in Wye, Kent.

Peter KUHFELD 1952– Painter and teacher, born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. He studied at Leicester Polytechnic, 1972–6, then at Royal Academy Schools under Peter Greenham, 1977– 80. He taught at Rugby School of Art, 1976–8. Among his awards was the David Murray Landscape Prize, 1978–9; RA Silver Medal for Drawing, 1979; Royal College of Surgeons Dooley Prize for Anatomical Drawing, 1980; Elizabeth Greenshields Foundation Scholarship, 1980–1; and Richard Ford Award, 1981. In 1978 Kuhfeld was made a freeman of the Worshipful Company of Painter-Stainers. Kuhfeld showed widely in mixed exhibitions, including RA Summer Exhibitions from 1978, RWA from 1982, at Jonleigh Gallery,

Andrzej KUHN 1929– Painter and printmaker, born

in Lvov, Poland. He was deported when Russia invaded in 1940 and after privations in exile in the Middle East arrived in England in 1947 where, after six years as a labourer and service in the Merchant Navy, he gained a scholarship to Chelsea School of Art. Postage stamps from Tanna-Tuva, the drawings of Aubrey Beardsley and Sumerian sculpture were some influences, leading to a personal iconography including sellers of moons and stars, travellers and fantastic cities. Kuhn saw art as a consolation in times of trouble. In 1962 Kuhn left London for Lincolnshire, where he showed and settled at Boston, with a studio near the sea. Solo exhibitions included Goldmark Gallery, Uppingham, from 1994, and Polish Cultural Institute, 1999.

Anna Grażyna KULESZA: JANCEWICZ-KULESZA

Painter who did foundation studies at Worthing College of Art & Design, 1985–6; gained a first-class honours degree in fine art (painting) from Maidstone College of Art & Design, 1986–9; winning a higher diploma fine art (painting) from Slade School of Fine Art, 1989–91. Awards included Boosey and Hawkes Art Prize (commissions), 1991–2; Boise Travel Scholarship, to China, 1992; Travel to East and Southern Africa, 1993; and a South East Arts Major Lara Nita KULKARNI 1967–

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see Grażyna

where he studied at the Academy of Art. In 1972 he emigrated to Israel and then moved to London. He went to Paris in 1975 and returned to London at the start of the 1980s, becoming a British citizen in 1983. After that he divided his time between the two capitals. Although he had a show in Cambridge in 1973 and at the Sainsbury Centre, Norwich, in 1993, his first exhibition in London did not take place until 1996, at the William Weston Gallery. By that time he had had over 50 one-man shows around the world. Using soft, muted colours, Kuper depicted simple objects, such as a plate with an apple or a mug with a sprig of flowers, making the maximum use of the light and space around them. The use of old lithographic stones with traces of the original text enhanced the surfaces created. Many public collections, including the Museum of Modern Art and Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the Pushkin Museum in Moscow and National Gallery in Oslo, as well as the Sainsbury Collection, University of Norwich, hold Kuper’s work.

Award, 1995. Showed at Sandra Drew Gallery, Canterbury, 1989; Metropole Arts Centre, Folkestone, Routes – Four Women Artists Through the Slade, 1991; Bernard Jacobson Gallery, show of seven commissioned paintings, 1992; and Diverse, Kent Institute of Art & Design, 1996. Shared an exhibition at Phoenix Gallery, Brighton, 1995. South East Arts, Boise Collection and Boosey and Hawkes hold examples. Kulkarni from 1992 “explored Chinese concepts of nature in relation to art and philosophy.” Her paintings began “by making a small gestural mark, and from my response to it I create a veil-like woven surface of light and colour.”

Karen KULYK 1950– Painter of landscape and still life employing an exuberant palette, teacher and administrator, who obtained a fine arts honours degree from York University, Toronto, Canada. After setting up and running the Seedlings Gallery, Toronto, 1973–5, Kulyk established studios and worked in many countries, including several periods in England, as well has holding residencies, latterly at the Masterworks Foundation, Bermuda, 1997–8, and at Vinemount, Ontario, 1998–9. She was a visiting teacher at universities and colleges in Canada and elsewhere. Later solo exhibitions included The Quaker Gallery, organised by Henry Dyson Fine Art, 2000. Many Canadian museums, galleries, financial institutions, health care facilities, government offices and hotels in North America, Europe and Asia hold Kulyk’s work.

Sylvia KUS 1950– Artist and teacher, born in Chester.

She studied at the College of Further Education there, Leicester Polytechnic and Goldsmiths’ College School of Art. Taught in Woolwich. Group exhibitions included Aerial Structures, Sunderland, 1973; Twin Towns Art, Reinickendorf, Berlin, and Blackheath Gallery, both 1976. She had a solo show at Maggie Petrie Gallery, 1975, another at Woodlands Art Gallery, 1977. That consisted of wall pieces and constructions using a variety of materials. The collages were “concerned with spatial qualities seen in landscapes”, the constructions being “abstract ideas creating new spatial effects”.

Artist of Swedish nationality whose paintings were created from a strong physical response to materials, who used photography as a sketching tool to distance herself emotionally from the subject. She did a foundation course at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art, 1990– 1; graduated from Byam Shaw School of Art, 1991–4; and gained her master’s from Chelsea College of Art & Design, 1994–5. Kunze was included in the show Global II Collection at Addison Wesley Longman Ltd, Harlow, 1998–9.

Ylva KUNZE 1964–

Yuri KUPER 1940– Printmaker, especially of colour

lithographs, born in Moscow, in the Soviet Union,

Painter and teacher, born in Lithuania, who studied in Johannesburg, South Africa. He arrived in England in the early 1960s, settling in north London and becoming an art moderator and for 40 years head of his department at Acland Burghley School, which had a strong interest in fostering new talent. In the 2002 New Year’s Honours List Kusner was made Member of the British Empire for his services to art education.

Joe KUSNER 1936–

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He showed in north London and South Africa and had a solo exhibition at the Bull and Last public house, in Highgate Road, in 2003. It was his first after a stroke and displayed strongly gestural abstracts. Moving on Up, 2003, edited by Sarah Brown, one of his former pupils, wife of the Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown, features Kusner. Georgina Moutray KYLE 1865–1950 Painter, initially

periods at Patrick Allan-Fraser School of Art, Hospitalfield, Arbroath, under James Cumming. She showed widely in Scotland, including RSA, Blythswood Gallery in Glasgow and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. Edinburgh University holds her work and Leicester University her sensitive portrait of the academic Sir Fraser Noble. Lived in Glasgow.

George KYRIACOU 1940– Sculptor and teacher who

in pastel and watercolour, later in oil, daughter of settled in London. He qualified as a teacher in George Wilson Kyle, she was born in Craigavad, 1959, studied sculpture on a Cyprus government County Down, Northern Ireland, afterwards living scholarship at Chelsea School of Art, 1961–4, then in Belfast. Studied at Atelier Colarossi in Paris. after working as a teacher and sculptor in Cyprus, She was a member of RUA and a prolific exhibitor, 1964–9, was appointed cultural officer at the including RHA, ROI, RSA, Royal Glasgow Ministry of Education responsible for visual arts. Institute of the Fine Arts and Paris Salon. Ulster In 1972 Kyriacou gained a French Institute Museum has several works by her, including Le Scholarship to study museology in Paris and in Marché, Concarneau. 1976–7 studied arts administration at Polytechnic of Central London. He undertook public Kathryn Marie KYNOCH 1942– Painter, born in commissions in Cyprus and exhibited widely, Edinburgh. After attending grammar school in including Biennale des Jeunes de Paris, 1967, Leicester she returned to Scotland to study under Venice Biennale, 1968, and with Gallery K at David Donaldson at Glasgow School of Art, 1959– Art95, 1995. Kyriacou’s sculptures employed 64. In the early 1960s she also studied for short everyday objects and debris.

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