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Artists in Britain Since 1945 David Buckman

1786 pages in 2 volumes 14,500 artist biographies available to buy from Goldmark Gallery 01572 821424 rrp ÂŁ165 our special price ÂŁ85 including p&p

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several exhibitions, including No Tell Hotel, Tramway, Glasgow, 1996.

Miche FABRE-LEWIN 1956– Artist and art therapist, born in what is now Zimbabwe, who moved to England in 1980, settling in Oxford. She gained an honours degree in comparative literature/art history at East Anglia University, Norwich, 1975– 80; studied stained glass at École des Beaux-Arts, Aix-en-Provence, 1978–9; and was apprenticed to the Patrick Reyntiens Stained Glass Studio, Beaconsfield, 1980–1; gained an art therapy diploma, Hertfordshire College of Art and Design, St Albans, 1988–9; then obtained her master’s in art therapy at Hertfordshire University’s school of art, 1992–4. Group shows included Three Women, at The Studio, Oxford, 1986; Diorama Arts Centre, 1990; Wolfson and Stables Galleries in Oxford, both 1992; Ben Uri Gallery, Annual Open, 1995; and Unquiet Voices, Doncaster Museum & Art Gallery, 1997.

Creator of boxed constructions, printmaker, born in St Andrews, Fife, his parents Polish exiles. He explored suffering and exile in his work, which used photographs of unknown people and places and a range of domestic items which he specially aged. In 1984–5 did summer studies at Academy of Fine Arts in Cracow, Poland, then in 1984–8 gained an honours degree in fine art, printmaking, from Gray’s School of Art in Aberdeen, doing his postgraduate diploma there, 1988–9. Gained a Go and See grant from the Prince’s Trust, 1990, and a Go Ahead grant to work with the Polish sculptor Piotr Bies in 1992. In 1991 was artist-in-residence at Aberdeen Art Gallery. Group shows included Polonia Society, Cracow, 1984; Open Prints Exhibition, Bankside Gallery and New Generation Artists at Compass Gallery, Glasgow, both 1988; William Bateman FAGAN 1860–1948 Sculptor, born and CD3, Collective Gallery, Edinburgh, 1994. and lived in London, educated at Dulwich College Had a solo show at Aberdeen Art Gallery in 1991, and married to the painter Betty Fagan. He was later ones including England & Co, 2002. Aberdeen elected a fellow of RBS in 1938 and showed at Art Gallery, National Library of Scotland and the RA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, libraries at St Andrews and Dundee Universities Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, ROI and hold his work. elsewhere. Was a Chelsea Arts Club member. Jonathan FAIRBAIRN 1961– Ceramist and teacher Graham FAGEN 1966– Installations artist, born and who studied at Laird School of Art, 1977–8, next lived in Glasgow, who gained a fine art, sculpture, Wallasey School of Art, 1978–81, then becoming honours degree at the School of Art there, 1984– a ceramics technician and lecturer at Wirral 8, then his interdisciplinary master’s in art and Metropolitan College. Fairbairn said that his work architecture at Kent Institute of Art & Design, was designed “with the mystical lost rituals and Canterbury, 1989–90. Mixed shows included ceremonies of ancient cultures in mind”, such as Wonderful Life, Lisson Gallery, 1993; Fall Out, Ceremonial Jug, shown in the 1986–7 Walker Art Wacker Kunst, Darmstadt, Germany, 1996; and Gallery, Liverpool, Merseyside Artists 3 touring Backspace, Matt’s Gallery, 1998–9. In 1999 Fagen exhibition. Also exhibited at Wirral Spring (with Johnny Spencer and Neo Rauch) was in The Exhibition, Williamson Art Gallery, Birkenhead, Golden Age, at ICA; there his installation involved 1986, and in same year Fourplay at Acorn Gallery, a television documentary about a Scottish housing Liverpool. estate in which he explored themes of social control, paternalism and isolation. Solo exhibitions Bernard FAIRCLOUGH 1915– Painter and teacher, included Henry Moore Institute, Leeds, 1999, and born in Glossop, Derbyshire. He studied at Yorkshire Sculpture Park, West Bretton, 2000; a Manchester School of Art, teachers including stint as a war artist in Kosovo also led to a show Leslie Baxter, going on to teach for many years in 2000 at Imperial War Museum. Fagen curated until 1975 at Darlington School of Art, of which Mateusz FAHRENHOLZ 1963–

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he became head. Showed with RSA, Arts Council, Whitechapel Art Gallery and widely in the provinces. Manchester Education Committee holds his work. Lived in Newbiggin, Barnard Castle, County Durham.

in 1981. Among his solo exhibitions was Bohun Gallery, Henley-on-Thames, 1981. Ashmolean Museum in Oxford and Victoria & Albert Museum hold his work. Was made a fellow of RE, 1973, and a member of Printmakers’ Council, 1981. Lived in Farnham, Surrey.

Painter, printmaker, illustrator, potter and writer, born in Keynsham, near Bristol, Somerset, where she continued to live, was a councillor and was active in Keynsham Local History Society (later Keynsham Civic Society). She studied at home with Kit Gunton, 1926–30, then part-time at West of England Art College, Bristol, until 1939. Served in Women’s Voluntary Service in World War II, but her mother’s illness and failing sight and her own asthma restricted her activities. Through Gunton Miss Fairclough showed with Clifton Arts Club and had her work seen by Claude Flight, participating in his lino-cut exhibitions (“as a group we exhibited at the Ward Gallery, London and Brighton”); also showed with RWA; and locally in Keynsham. Fairclough illustrated, mostly books and magazines for children, for publishers including Macmillan, Evans Brothers, George Newnes and Pearson’s. She published Miskoo The Lucky, a tale for children with illustrations, 1947; Little Dog and The Rainmakers, 1949; The Blue Tree, 1960; and John Barleycorn, 1962. Her ballad opera John Barleycorn, for which she wrote the libretto and designed the costumes, was performed at Wellsway School, Keynsham, in 1968, music by Bruce Montgomery and published by Novello. Fairclough’s smaller art works and crafts were signed M F in monogram form, with the date. Mary FAIRCLOUGH 1913–

Wilfred FAIRCLOUGH 1907–1996 Etcher, watercolourist and teacher, born in Blackburn, Lancashire, husband of the painter Joan VernonCryer and father of the artist Michael Fairclough. Left school at 14 to work in a mill, then trained as an audit clerk while attending evening classes at Blackburn School of Arts and Crafts, passing the Board of Education’s drawing examination in 1930, the year he was appointed a part-time teacher at Blackburn. Determination gained him entry to the Royal College of Art’s engraving school, where he excelled, 1931–4, under teachers Malcolm Osborne and Robert Austin. He was a Rome Scholar in Engraving, 1934, attending the British School in Rome, 1934–7. Rome was a favourite subject, later replaced by Venice. Lived in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, and was principal of the School of Art there, 1962–70, assistant director of Kingston Polytechnic, 1970–2. Fairclough had joined the staff at Kingston in 1938, then spent his wartime service in the Royal Air Force; he worked on models employed in planning the bouncing bomb attack on the Mohne dam; and was latterly in India. Fairclough was elected RE, 1946, and RWS, 1968, also showing at RA, RSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and at the Redfern Gallery, as well as widely overseas. Contemporary Art Society bought his work, also held by Ashmolean Museum in Oxford and Michael FAIRCLOUGH 1940– Printmaker, painter, Victoria & Albert Museum, which has the almost muralist and teacher, born in Blackburn, 60 watercolours which Fairclough completed Lancashire, son of the artist Wilfred Fairclough, during World War II for the Pilgrim Trust’s married to the painter Mary Malenoir. He studied Recording Britain project. at Kingston School of Art, 1957–61; was a Rome Scholar in Engraving, 1964–6, at British School Frederick Park FAIRER 1910– Portrait painter, born in Rome, 1964–7; then was at S W Hayter’s Atelier in Hull, Yorkshire. He studied art at the Borough 17, Paris, 1967. After teaching at Belfast College Polytechnic with David Bomberg in 1948, City of Art, 1962–4, was at West Surrey College of Art, and Guilds of London Art School in Kennington Farnham, 1967–79. He completed the National in 1950 and the Central School of Arts and Crafts Trust commemorative stamps for the Post Office in 1951–3. Showed at RA, NEAC and RP. Lived 4

in London.

Award and Travelling Scholarship to Italy. He went on to teach painting and drawing at Edinburgh College of Art. Fairgrieve was a member of RSW and was president of SSA in 1978. Birds, animals and the natural world featured strongly in his pictures, which were shown widely in Scottish group exhibitions. One-man shows included New 57 Gallery and Scottish Gallery, in Edinburgh, and Mercury Gallery in London and Edinburgh. Scottish Arts Council and many other Scottish collections hold his work. Lived in Gordon, Berwickshire.

Hugh FAIRFAX 1958– Artist whose work commonly

featured wildlife found by the sea, where he lived. Fairfax trained at Cambridge College of Art. His pictures appeared in The Times and Harpers & Queen. Showed regularly in London and was included in Autumn Exhibition, The Wykeham Gallery, Stockbridge, 2001. Michael FAIRFAX 1953– Sculpture and lecturer, born

in Windsor, Berkshire. He attended Portsmouth College of Art for foundation studies, 1976–7, then graduated with honours from Gwent College of Higher Education, 1977–80. Gained several Southern Arts and WAC grants and was an Eisteddfod prizewinner, 1992. Did an extensive amount of educational and lecturing work in Britain and abroad; residencies included Margam Sculpture Park, 1991, and Forestry Commission, Garw Valley, 1992. Between 1986–91 travelled in Italy, Egypt, Spain and America. His work in public places included Margam Sculpture Park and Ebbw Vale, for Garden Festival. Had a solo show at Newbury Spring Festival, 1983, another at St David’s Hall, Cardiff, 1991. Lived in Canton, Cardiff, south Wales.

Artist in mixed media, born in Kent, where he studied at Canterbury College of Art, 1985–6, completing an honours degree at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1986– 9. Among his group shows was Modern Medicine, Building One, 1990, and Summer Group Show, Karsten Schubert Ltd, 1992. The year before had a solo show at Karsten Schubert. Fairhurst’s Scuba Blue Attachment, of 1992, was acquired for the European Parliament Collection and was shown in the Arts Council, Belfast, touring show Twelve Stars, 1992–3. In 1998 he shared an exhibition, Odd-Bod Photography, with Sarah Lucas at Sadie Coles HQ. Angus FAIRHURST 1962–

Edmund FAIRFAX-LUCY 1945– Painter who studied

Painter, miniaturist, designer and illustrator, born and lived in Bolton, Lancashire, father of artist Jack Fairhurst. He was elected a member of Manchester Academy, 1932, and of RMS in 1943, having earlier been an associate for a time. Showed also at Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, RA, RSA and RCamA.

Enoch FAIRHURST 1874–1945

at City and Guilds of London Art School, 1963– 6, then Royal Academy Schools under Peter Greenham, 1967–70. He won the David Murray Travelling Scholarship, 1966, 1967 and 1969. From 1967 he was a regular exhibitor at RA, and was also a member of NEAC. Showed in group exhibitions at New Grafton Gallery, which gave him a first solo show in 1971. Sir Edmund FairfaxLucy was noted for his sensitive landscapes and interiors in which the play of light was a special feature. Lived at Charlecote Park, Warwick. He became 6th Baronet in 1993. James FAIRGRIEVE 1944– Painter and teacher, born

in Prestonpans, East Lothian. He studied at Edinburgh College of Art, 1962–8, and was awarded an Andrew Grant Scholarship and oneyear postgraduate study, David Murray Landscape

Painter, draughtsman and teacher, son of the miniaturist Enoch Fairhurst, born in London. He studied at Camberwell School of Art, 1919–23, under Albert Rutherston, then Royal College of Art, 1923–7, with William Rothenstein and Randolph Schwabe. Held several teaching appointments in the London area, between 1941–57 acting as head of Richmond School of Art. Was a member of Ridley Art Club, South London Group, Richmond Art Group and the Society of Fulham Artists, also showing RA, RP Jack FAIRHURST 1905–1989

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and in the provinces, having several solo shows in and out of London. Lived latterly in Dallinghoo, Suffolk.

Sussex, where he ran hugely successful art classes.

Artist, lecturer, inspirational teacher and author, born in Edinburgh, who attended the College of Art there under Robin Philipson, 1970–4. He was artist-in-residence, Acharacle Primary School, 1985–96; a lecturer at Aberdeen University’s department of continuing education, from 1988; Room 13 artist-in-residence, Caol Primary School, Fort William, where he lived, from 1994; conducted the Kinlochleven Century to Century project with Age Concern Scotland, 1998–9; and was fine art consultant to Kathmandu University, Nepal, from 1999. In 2003 Caol Primary won the £20,000 Barbie Prize, offered by Ivan Massow. Robert Fairley’s approach was to allow children to explore their own responses to situations in their own ways. Over the years Fairley’s work prompted substantial press coverage. He and Room 13 were the subjects of The Art Show on Channel 4 television in 2004. Fairley took part in many group shows in Britain and abroad, later ones including Five Scottish Painters, Artifex Gallery, Sutton Coldfield, 2001, and Indo/British Group, Indian tour, 2002–3. Solo exhibitions included Inverness Museum and Art Gallery, from 1981; Open Eye Gallery, Edinburgh, from 1982; West Highland Museum, Fort William, 1995; and Meghraj Gallery, 1998. Fairley believed that painting and all the arts “should not be competitive”, so for many years did “not enter competitions and turned down awards made through ‘open’ exhibitions.” Inverness Museum and Art Gallery, West Highland Museum, Highland and Strathclyde Regional Councils, Glasgow Chamber of Commerce and other public and private collections in Britain and abroad held examples. His books included Jemima, the paintings and memoirs of Jemima Blackburn, 1988; Blackburn’s Birds, 1991; and Drawing Hands and Feet, 2001. He was a member of the Alpine Club and a fellow of both the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland and the Royal Society of Arts Manufacturers and Commerce. Rob FAIRLEY 1953–

Painter, born in Norwich, son of the landscape artist Joseph Fairhurst. He studied art with his father and at University of Aix-en-Provence, France. Showed his work in his own gallery in New King’s Road, London, and in various mixed exhibitions, having a first substantial showing at Park Grosvenor Galleries in 1992. In late-1980s returned to East Anglia to breed waterfowl and paint landscape, which he did rather in the manner of Edward Seago. Miles Christopher FAIRHURST 1955–

Dorothy M FAIRLEY 1894– Etcher, wood engraver, painter and stone carver. Studied at Richmond Art School and Regent Street Polytechnic. One-man show in 1946 at Walker Galleries, also showed in mixed exhibitions at many venues, including RA, NEAC, SWA, Paris Salon and Chicago Institute of Fine Art. Lived at Robertsbridge, Sussex.

Painter, sculptor and teacher, born in Dunfermline, Fife. After studying at Edinburgh College of Art Fairley, who had been taught by David Alison, William Gillies and Adam Bruce Thomson, learned in the studios of several Paris artists, including Fernand Léger, returning to England when World War II started. He served as a radar technician in the Royal Air Force, was involved in the D-Day landings and Allied push through France, the Low Countries and into Germany. Demobilised, he was for 15 years from 1947 lecturer in fine art at Swansea College of Art, then moving to head the foundation studies department at Croydon College of Art. Showed with 56 Group of which he was a member, Leicester Galleries, SEA, WAC and in other group shows, having several solo exhibitions with Gimpel Fils, at Bear Lane Gallery in Oxford and at the Universities of Southampton and Surrey. Among his commissions were stainless steel murals for National Westminster Bank in the Home Counties area. WAC and Worcester College, Oxford, hold his work. In 1981, Fairley and his wife moved to Churton FAIRMAN 1924–1997 Sculptor in wood and a converted windmill at Wisborough Green, stone, broadcaster, actor, photographer and George FAIRLEY 1920–2003

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musician, born in London, full name Austin Churton Fairman, son of the actress Hilda Moore, leading lady for Gerald du Maurier. Attended Aldenham School and Oxford University, but left early to joint the Ballet Rambert. After World War II service in the Ulster Rifles, Fairman became a ballet photographer. His first wife was Spanish; with her he returned to Spain and wrote Another Spain, 1952, about its countryside. Through the director Peter Brook, he became involved in the theatre; then Independent Television religious programmes; and, as Mike Raven, as a disc jockey for pirate radio and BBC Radio 1, eventually with the Mike Raven Blues Show. Appeared as Mike Raven in several horror films, including Crucible of Terror, 1971. Early in the 1970s Fairman and his second wife, Mandy, moved to Cornwall to live in a converted pigsty, from 1980 running a dilapidated farm near Blisland, by which time Fairman had been carving about six years. A first show in Cornwall ran into difficulties because of the controversial nature of Fairman’s work, but he was to have two exhibitions at St George’s Church, Bloomsbury, in 1990 and 1992, and in 1993 his The Deposition from the Cross was exhibited in the Images of Christ touring show in Northampton and at St Paul’s Cathedral.

revived interest in painting she returned to Southend College of Art to study portrait and life drawing at evening classes and she began painting miniatures in 1979. She was a member of RMS from 1981; was a member of Hilliard Society of Miniaturists; in 1985 was elected to SWA; and in 1986 was a founder-member of Society of Botanical Artists. Also exhibited at RSMA, ROI, RI and in the provinces. She gained several placings in the Hunting Group Art Prizes and won the RSM Gold Bowl in 1989. Beecroft Art Gallery, Southend, holds her work. Lived in Leigh-on-Sea, Essex.

Painter, born in Gateshead, County Durham, who studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art. In 1993, he gained the Arthur Andersen Award for Figurative Painting, in 1999 The Sargent Fellowship, British School at Rome. Group shows included Death, Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge, 1988; Picturing People – British Figurative Painting 1945–1988, British Council international tour, 1989; Whitechapel Open, Whitechapel Art Gallery, from 1992; Postcards on Photography, Cambridge Darkroom Gallery and tour, 1998; and Saatchi in Sheffield, Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, 1999. Fairnington’s solo show Staying Alive at Mobile Home in 2001 Sean FAIRMAN 1965– Artist creating mixed-media transported subjects from seventeenth-century stillabstract pictures and site-specific installations. He life paintings into a Disneyesque vision of life, all often used a muted palette to make works which in meticulous detail. He had another exhibition had a strong archaeological element, as in his solo there, 2003. Arts Council, British Council, Imperial show Foraminifera, Blue Gallery, 2000. Fairman War Museum, Saatchi and corporate collections studied printmaking at Camberwell School of Art, hold his work. 1985, then attended Sir John Cass School of Art and Design, 1990–2, and Guildhall University, Tom FAIRS 1925– Artist in mixed media, stained 1992–3. Commissions included Lambeth Council glass designer and teacher, born and lived in site-specific mural, Effra Nursery, Brixton, 1995; London. He studied at Hornsey College of Art, Breathe, installation and performance, Naoko 1948–50, and Royal College of Art, 1950–4. Kawase, Tokyo, Japan, 1997; and Tomb Raider, Became senior lecturer in theatre design at Central School of Art & Design. Fairs after a period of Paramount Pictures, 2000. abstract work painted landscape, interiors and still Sheila FAIRMAN 1924– Artist in oil and miniaturist, life. He showed at RA Summer Exhibitions, born in South Benfleet, Essex. She attended Rooksmoor, Covent Garden and Thackeray Southend College of Art, 1938–40. Fairman’s main Galleries. Was a member of the Society of works were still life, her Shells and Feathers series Landscape Painters and the Society of Small being shown at various venues. In 1967 with a Paintings. Stained glass was prepared for baptistry Mark FAIRNINGTON 1957–

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and day chapel lights for Our Lady of the Wayside, Shirley, Birmingham; Holborn College of Law, Languages and Commerce; and Officers’ Club, Bahrain.

School of Art, Middlesex and East London Universities, Royal College of Art and Wolverhampton University. Faisal’s work appeared in many magazines and newspapers. Exhibitions included Brent Arts Festival, 1987; Photographers’ Gallery, from 1993; and University of East London, 1996. Had a solo show at 198 Gallery, 1993, others at The Agency, 2001, and Harrowed, prints on themes on cultural sterotyping and the urban environment, London Print Studio, 2003. Victoria & Albert Museum holds his work. Lived in London.

Dorothy FAIRWEATHER 1915– Artist in various media, born in Folkestone, Kent. She attended the local School of Art, Liverpool University and Richmond Art School. At times was engaged in photography and running an art gallery. Exhibited solo at Turnpike Gallery at Leigh; Stables Gallery in Hastings; The Old Bakehouse, Sevenoaks; Woodlands Art Gallery; and Mount Street Post Office. Mixed exhibitions included RA, the Kay FAITHFUL 1930–1999 Painter, born in provinces and abroad. Lived in Sevenoaks, Kent. Greenock, Renfrewshire, who after a traumatic World War II trained as a nurse and midwife, then Ian FAIRWEATHER 1891–1974 Painter, born at married Will Faithful, a Cornish civil engineer. Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire. He is believed to They lived in Bermuda, the Middle East, Cyprus have studied forestry and botany as a young man and Jamaica before moving to Canberra, Australia, before serving in World War I, during which he in 1972, where she was able to concentrate on was a prisoner of war in Germany. Then studied painting. In 1987, she held her first major exhibition art in Netherlands and was at Slade, 1920–3. of 30 large works, The Barrier Reef Series, at Although he had shows at Redfern Gallery in Holdsworth Contemporary Galleries, Sydney, 1930s, Fairweather’s life for much of the inter-war followed by others at the Eltham and Rathdowne years was that of a traveller, especially in the Far Street Galleries, Melbourne. In 1991 Faithful East and Australia, which became his home. During visited the United Kingdom and the continent for World War II he served in British Army. In 1952 her first overseas exhibitions. Australian he tried to sail to Timor on a home-made raft, was Landscapes – Visual Reflections, 29 paintings, was reported missing but turned up shortly after in shown in Glasgow, Greenock and at the Australian Timor, was sent to Britain and then back to Embassy, Paris. A second show, of 30 smaller Australia, where he lived at Bribie Island, works, Gardens & Flowers, was exhibited at Edith Queensland. His work is original, brilliant and Grove Gallery, Chelsea. In 1992 Faithful sensuous and often employs unconventional completed a series on the Brindabella Ranges and materials. It is in Tate Gallery and all Australian showed again at Holdsworth: 20 large canvases, state galleries. Died in Brisbane. Recent Landscapes, depicting Australian bush and beach scenes. Faithful had a major show of 35 Faisal 1969– Artist, notably a printmaker, and teacher, full name Faisal Abdu’allah, who did a paintings at Daimaru Gallery, Tokyo, in 1993, part foundation course at Harrow School of Art, 1987- of Celebrate Australia, a government initiative to 8; gained a first-class honours degree in fine art demonstrate the country’s achievements to an printmaking at Central St Martins School of Art, important trading partner. There were further shows 1989–91, in 1989 attending the Massachusetts at Edith Grove Gallery and at Lillie Regional Art College of Art in Boston, in America; then gained Gallery, Glasgow, in 1994, part of the Mayfest. his master’s degree in fine art printmaking at the Faithful continued to show in Australia, in 1996 Royal College of Art, 1991–3. He had a residency returning to the United Kingdom with 35 large at Furness School, 1993, and gained the Art in the acrylic canvases and 30 watercolours for a City Award, 1995–6. Teaching included Falmouth combined series called Diversity Exploration of 8

Landscape. Her last exhibition was of the Brindabellas in 1998 at Strathairn Gallery, Canberra. McLean Museum and Art Gallery, Greenock, holds her work.

at Goldsmiths’ University, fine art/history of art, in 2001 being a visiting lecturer in the University of London’s architecture department. Residencies included Triangle, New York, America, 2000. As well as participating in group shows, Faithfull was co-writer and director of films and videos, including Isle of Dogs, 1996, televised by BBC2, and Faithfull publications was active from 1996. In 1998, Faithfull was involved in founding the digital arts organisation e-2, its collaborations being viewable at www.e-2.org. Solo exhibitions included Moth Island, Lotts Island and Watermans Arts Centre, Brentford, 2000, and Pump House Gallery and Aspex Gallery, Portsmouth, both 2004.

Leila FAITHFULL 1896–1994 Artist in a variety of media, born in Walton, Lancashire, daughter of Sir James Reynolds, Bart, but brought up in Liverpool. She married George Faithfull in 1917 and after he died in early 1940s took as her second husband in 1943 the writer and critic Cuthbert Worsley. After the war while they were on a trip through France he left her, in Marseilles, and she stayed on to work. She frequently painted alone abroad. Faithfull studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1923–4, later at L’Académie de la Grande Chaumière, Paris. For a time Faithfull was surgical artist to Sir Archibald McIndoe, the pioneer plastic surgeon, at Queen Victoria Hospital in East Grinstead. Leila (pronounced Lyla) Faithfull was noted for her portraits, shown extensively at Leicester Galleries, NEAC, RBA, RA, ROI and elsewhere. She was in the private collections of Lord Clark and Sir Edward Marsh and had works accepted by War Artists’ Advisory Committee and Contemporary Art Society and public galleries in Aberdeen, Birmingham and Manchester. In later years she created heads, figures on horses and the occasional dancer in metal: cut-outs from sheets or as wire shapes and outlines, but these were not commercially successful. Died in St Angela’s Convent, Bristol, where she had lived for several years.

Artist and teacher who used rudimentary and sophisticated technical devices to create simple installations with strong metaphorical qualities. For Temporary Accommodation, at Whitechapel Art Gallery in 2001, he transformed half the upper gallery into his workshop, centred on a home-made hot air balloon that rose and fell as its temperature changed. Born in Ipsden, Oxfordshire, Faithfull graduated first-class in theatre design at Central St Martins School of Art, 1986–9, in 1994–6 gaining his master’s in fine art from Reading University. From 2000 he was a visiting lecturer

Bushra FAKHOURY 1942– Sculptor, born in Beirut,

Lebanon. Dr Fakhoury attended St Paul’s, Wimbledon School of Art, Beirut University College, American University of Beirut and London University. Exhibitions included Bloomsbury and Mall Galleries, 1986; Jablonski Gallery, 1987; Kufa Gallery, 1989; and 2nd Open Sculpture Exhibition at RWA, 1996. Her themes and subjects included human and animal, some merging into surreal figures of myth and fantasy. Lived in London.

Roland FALCON 1914– Sculptor in various materials

and photographer, educated in Copenhagen, Berlin and London. He was official sculpture photographer for the Tate Gallery and exhibited his photographs in London. Also showed RMS, RSA, Russell-Cotes Art Gallery and Museum in Bournemouth and Foyles Gallery. Lived in Edgware, Middlesex.

Simon FAITHFULL 1966–

Sculptor, draughtsman and teacher, born in Norfolk. He studied at Canterbury College of Art, 1968–9, Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1970–3, and Slade School of Fine Art, 1973–5. Gained the Walter Neurath Art History Award in 1972, Arts Council Minor Award, 1976, the Eastern Arts Association Award in 1977, and four years later the Tolly Cobbold/Eastern Arts Regional Prize. In 1984 won the E Vincent Harris Award for Mural Decoration at RA, in 1988 was a prize winner at Brian

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FALCONBRIDGE

1950–

the 3rd International Exhibition of Miniature Art, Del Bello Gallery, Toronto, Canada, then in 1991 Falconbridge won the Blackstone Prize at RA. Went on to teach extensively throughout Britain, notably various posts at Goldsmiths’ College from 1976; Eton College, 1977–81; Slade School of Fine Art, 1979–86; Blackheath School of Art, 1985–9; and in 2001 was promoted to personal chair of visual arts at Goldsmiths’. Falconbridge took part in Goldsmiths at South London Art Gallery in 1972; showed with LG and New Contemporaries; RA; and in 1983 was Artist of the Day at Angela Flowers Gallery. Numerous other group shows followed, latterly including Absolut Secret, Royal College of Art, 2000; London Underground, Sungkok Art Museum, Seoul, South Korea, 2001; and Blue, Place Arte Contemporanea, Cavagnolo, Italy, 2002. In 1984 The Minories put on a show of his work which toured England. Among later one-man exhibitions were Jill George Gallery, 1990; Masterpiece Art Centre, Taipei International Convention Centre at the World Trade Centre, Taipei, Taiwan, 1996; Chappel Galleries, Chappel, 2002; and Fermoy Gallery, King’s Lynn Arts Centre, Norfolk, 2003. Falconbridge was elected a fellow of RBS in 1997 and served on its council. Falconbridge’s coloured, abstract sculptures were on a small scale, in wood and other materials, and employed geometrical shapes. Arts Council, Contemporary Art Society and University of East Anglia hold his work. Lived in London.

Sculptor, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, who obtained his master’s degree in art theory from Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1994. For a time Falconer was studio assistant to Jake and Dinos Chapman. Falconer’s work was included in the Saatchi Collection and was part of the Neurotic Realism series of exhibitions which Saatchi Gallery launched in 1999. His striking, eerie cast-resin and enamel-paint sculpture Vermin Death Stack was depicted in the book The New Neurotic Realism, which preceded the exhibitions, published in 1998. That year Falconer had a solo show, Stacked, at

Chapman Fine Arts, with another at Asprey Jacques, 1999. In 2002 Falconer’s exhibition at Modern Art, comprising a big ball of rats made out of resin, was accompanied by a film which used a night vision camera to record the antics of the rodents that lived in his London studio.

Wojciech FALKOWSKI 1930– Artist, born in Poland, who studied medicine in Dublin, Ireland, and obtained postgraduate qualifications in London (Master of Philosophy, Psychology and Philosophy). He was a fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists. Falkowski was awarded a diploma by Marian Bohusz-Szyszko Painting School in 1988. He took part in group shows, including Form and Colour, Congress of Polish Culture Exhibition of Fine Arts by Polish Artists in Britain, POSK Gallery, 1995. In 1991, he received a first prize for oil painting from the Arts Council of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. Among solo exhibitions were Polish Young Men’s Christian Association, POSK and Questors Galleries and St George’s Medical School. Conor FALLON 1939– Self-taught sculptor, born in

Dublin, Ireland, where he latterly settled in Kinsale, County Cork, with his painter wife Nancy WynneJones. Between 1966–72 Fallon lived in Cornwall. Group shows included Newlyn Orion Gallery from 1966; RHA from 1977; and Contemporary Artists from Ireland, Austin/Desmond Fine Art, 1990. Had a solo show at Newlyn Orion, 1972, later ones including Arts Council tour, 1983.

David FALCONER 1967–

Keith FALLSHAW 1946– Commercial artist, painter

and sculptor, born in London. He studied typographical design at London College of Printing; was also a pupil of the portrait painters Leonard and Margaret Boden. Showed at NS, UA, elsewhere in London and at Deben Gallery, Woodbridge. Lived in Bishop’s Stortford, Hertfordshire.

Painter, draughtsman, teacher and designer, born in Hong Kong. He studied graphic design at Aberdeen College of Commerce, then at Gray’s Art School, Aberdeen, under Alexander

Joe FAN 1962–

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Fraser and Gordon Bryce, where he later taught. Fan obtained a first-class honours degree in drawing and painting. His pictures mixed Eastern figures, over-ripe fruit, pigs and carved grotesques and were painterly with a pleasingly muted palette. In the mid-1980s Fan acquired a batch of awards, including first prize in the Commonwealth Section of the 1985 Rank Xerox Selected National Competition 86; a first prize in the 1987 Wood Group Young Artists’ Award; and in 1988 a Carnegie Travelling Scholarship, RSA. Further awards included first prizes, Royal Over-Seas League, 1993, and The Morrison Portrait Award, 1995. Group shows included RSW. Solo exhibitions at Compass Gallery, Glasgow, and Sue Rankin Gallery, both 1991, later ones including Rendezvous Gallery, Aberdeen, from 1995, and Thackeray Gallery, 2000 and 2002. Scottish Arts Council, Gray’s School of Art and Aberdeen Royal Infirmary hold his work.

Medal at Royal Academy Schools and a Sloane Medallion from RIBA. Exhibited extensively at RA, also at RSA and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. In 1996 Gallery Lingard held a show of Farey’s architectural sketches and watercolours, Thumbnotes & Masterpieces.

Tim FARGHER 1952– Painter, and sculptor, born in Lincolnshire, who graduated from St Martin’s School of Art, 1979. His exhibitions included Camden Arts Festival, 1978; RP; Fraser Gallery, Woodbridge; Long & Ryle Art International; and Portland Gallery, 1992. He was guest artist at Glyndebourne Festival Opera in 1991. Fargher’s commissions included 14 big oils on a theme of mythological and extinct creatures for Tim Walker, late chairman of the World Wildlife Fund, in 1985; and 85 paintings for HM The Sultan of Oman, 1985–8. Portrait commissions included Sir Peter Pears, 1980; Sir Kenneth Berrill, 1988; and The Reverend Dr Edward Carpenter, 1989. Later solo Barry FANTONI 1940– Cartoonist, designer, writer shows included Partridge, New Bond Street, 2002. and broadcaster who studied at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts as a Wedgwood Scholar. He was Elsie FARLEIGH: see Anne NEVILLE a member of the satirical magazine Private Eye’s John FARLEIGH 1900–1965 Oil and watercolour staff from 1963; was cartoonist for The Listener, painter, wood engraver and printmaker. Studied at 1968–88; wrote art criticism for The Times, 1973– the Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1917–21, 7; and was its diary cartoonist from 1983. Fantoni under James Grant, Bernard Meninsky and Noel also designed film and television posters and Rooke. Married to the artist Elsie Farleigh. painted a mural at the Queen Elizabeth Conference Exhibited LG, Leicester and Redfern Galleries, Centre, 1985. In that year Fantoni published Barry RE, RSA and in the provinces. He taught at Rugby Fantoni’s Chinese Horoscopes, followed by The School, 1922–4, then joining the Central School Royal Family’s Chinese Horoscopes, 1988, and he staff as head of the book production department. broadcast on the subject for the London radio Published several books, including his station LBC. Among his books was The Best of autobiography Graven Image, 1940. 20th Century Barry Fantoni Cartoons, 1990. Was chairman of Gallery showed Farleigh’s wood engravings in Chelsea Arts Club, 1978–80. His solo shows 1997. Lived in London. included Woodstock Gallery, 1963; Brunel University, 1974; and he had a retrospective at Charles William FARLEY 1893–1982 Portrait and Cadogan Contemporary, 1991. Fantoni makes an genre painter in oil and watercolour who served appearance in the literary agent Giles Gordon’s in the Queen’s Westminsters in World War I and 1993 memoir Aren’t we due a Royalty Statement? was a captain/adjutant in the Army in World War II, having seen service in India and the North-West Cyril Arthur FAREY 1888–1954 Architect and Frontier. Prior to the second war Farley was living watercolourist, born and lived in London, father at Richmond, Surrey, showing at RA Summer of the architect and painter Michael A J Farey. He Exhibition and elsewhere, later at East Molesey. was educated at Tonbridge School, won a Gold 11

After demobilisation in 1945 he moved to Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, where he was a member of the Cotswold Art Club and a foundermember of Cheltenham Art Club. He also exhibited with RI, 1940, RWA from 1956, and RP from 1957. Cheltenham Art Gallery holds his picture The Woodyard.

more either constricts or becomes too much.” Farmer was co-organiser with Malcolm Hughes of Directions-Connections at AIA Gallery, 1961, and had work reproduced in Frank Avray Wilson’s Art as Understanding, 1963. The painter Adrian Heath was a strong advocate of his work. Arts Council and Contemporary Art Society hold examples. John Davies Fine Paintings helped Francis FARMAR 1948– Painter, draughtsman and reawaken interest in Farmer’s neglected work by art consultant, born in Surrey and educated at Eton showing examples in a mixed exhibition at The College, winning the School Drawing Prize. He Gallery in Cork Street in 2005. spent every spare moment in the drawing schools there before continuing his studies at the Simi James C FARMER 1925–1970 Watercolourist who in Academy, Florence, Italy, 1967, St Martin’s School the early 1960s ran a bookshop in Westbury Park, of Art and West of England College of Art, Bristol, Bristol. He exhibited two pictures at the RWA in 1967–68 and 1968–71. He joined the auctioneers 1966. Christie’s in 1971, remaining until 1986 by when he had become director of their modern British John FARNHAM 1942– Sculptor and draughtsman, picture department. Farmar then took the radical born in Perry Green, Hertfordshire. In 1958 he step of moving to the Morayshire coastal village joined his father’s building business, in 1965 of Findhorn to concentrate on his own painting becoming a full-time assistant to Henry Moore, while continuing as a consultant for Christie’s and having previously worked part-time. At first for private clients. He was responsible for the Farnham’s sculptures were fairly conventional, but Painters of Camden Town exhibition and catalogue in the mid-1970s they began to get more personal at Christie’s in 1988. Farmar’s work, influenced and complex, with a greater exploration of the by the St Ives and Neo-Romantic painters, included abstract. In 1969 Farnham showed at Pace Gallery, landscapes around his Scottish home and in the then after further showings had a solo exhibition south of France. William Hardie Gallery gave him in 1973 at Old Bakehouse Gallery, Sevenoaks, the a solo show in Glasgow in 1991, Duncan Campbell year he carried out his first major commission: Fine Art a series from 1997, and he took part in Winged Figure, commissioned by Department of many mixed shows. Farmar specialised in house the Environment for Royal Air Force, Naphill. In portraits. His quirky panoramic aerial views, 1973 also gained an Arts Council grant. Further revealing his love of buildings, gardens, people, commissions included Life Form, of 1980, birds and beasts, aimed to “encapsulate as much commissioned by Institute of Biology. Other as possible of the life, spirit and form of each exhibitions included a one-man show at New Art place.” Lived latterly in Sedgehill, Dorset, and Centre, 1976, a shared exhibition at Leeds City Art Gallery, 1984, and tour, and University of London. Hertfordshire Galleries, St Albans, 2002. Bernard FARMER 1919–2002 Painter and maker of abstract constructions, born and lived in London. Emma FARQUHARSON: see Roy HOBDELL He studied at Chelsea Polytechnic School of Art Giles FARQUHARSON: see Roy HOBDELL and showed with LG, New Vision Centre, St Martin’s Gallery and AIA. Solo exhibitions Linda M FARQUHARSON 1963– Printmaker, included Heal’s Art Gallery, 1964, and Angela illustrator and lecturer, born in Aberdeen, who Flowers Gallery, 1982. Farmer said that “the more gained an honours degree, specialising in simple I can make an image the better I like it … illustration and printmaking, from Duncan of The less can always expand in the mind, whereas Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee, in 1985, 12

at ICA, 1997, and in The New Urbanites, at Catto Contemporary, 2002.

winning the Sekalski Prize for printmaking. Stayed on for a year under a postgraduate scholarship in design specialising in printmaking, from 1993 lecturing there part-time. In 1990 Farquharson bought and restored a Columbian printing press. Showed at Compass Gallery, Glasgow, 1986; Printmakers’ Workshop, Edinburgh, 1990; Barbican Centre and SSA, both 1993; RSA, 1995; and Roger Billcliffe Fine Art, Glasgow, 1996. Bank of Scotland, The Royal Bank of Scotland, The Scottish Office and other collections hold her work.

Anthony FARRELL 1945– Painter, draughtsman and

teacher, born in Epsom, Surrey. He studied at Southend School of Art, 1961–3, Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1963–5, and Royal Academy Schools, 1965–8. From 1976 he taught part-time at various art schools and centres, in 1981–2 winning an Eastern Arts Association Fellowship and the Association’s Exhibition Award. Farrell took part in many group exhibitions, notably RA, Serpentine Gallery mixed shows and the Norwich School of Art Gallery’s 1986–7 touring exhibition A Reputation Among Artists. His first solo show was at Brunel University in 1972, later ones including The Minories, Colchester, 1983, and Art Space Gallery, 1992, and Gainsborough’s House, Sudbury, 1998. Farrell lived at Leigh-on-Sea, Essex, and was notable for his lively, figure-packed seaside scenes. Arts Council, Minories and Epping Forest Museum hold his work.

Mo FARQUHARSON 1953– Sculptor and draughtsman, born in Aberdeenshire, to which she frequently returned from London. She trained as a sculptor in Edinburgh under Edward Gage; for three years at the Ruskin School of Drawing, Oxford, where Chris Dorset was influential; and for a year at Massachusetts College of Art, Boston, in America. Became a member of RBS. Exhibited widely in Britain, including a solo show at The Gallery in Cork Street, 1997. This included expressive sculptures and drawings of animals, birds, fish and people, including figures exploring urban relationships. These were inspired by her London Bridge sculpture, acquired by Paribas Ltd. Other commissions included Edinburgh Zoo, bust of its president, Viscount Arbuthnott; two life-size coal miners for Hamilton, Lanarkshire, for Akeler (Scotland) Ltd; and a figure of John Lennon, commissioned by record company HMV for charity auction at the Silver Clef Awards. HRH The Duke of Edinburgh holds Farquharson’s work.

Painter, especially of landscapes, born in Nottingham, initially educated in Scarborough, Yorkshire. She studied art at Nottingham School of Art and the Slade School of Fine Art, exhibiting at NEAC, WIAC and Nottingham Museum and Art Gallery. For a time she taught art at Geffrye Museum and lived in London.

Heather FARR 1912–

who graduated from Surrey Institute of Art and Design. He took part in many exhibitions, especially in London’s East End. He was involved in the Uncut show of urban art

Painter who did a foundation course at Berkshire College of Art and Design, Maidenhead, 1989–90; then graduated with first-class honours, specialising in painting, from De Montfort University, Leicester, 1990–3; with a postgraduate diploma in painting from Royal Academy Schools, 1994–7. Awards included the David Murray Studentship Award for Landscape Painting, 1992 and 1996; Jack Goldhill Scholarship for painting, Royal Academy Schools, 1994–7; and Young Artist of the Year, Hunting Art Prizes, Royal College of Art and Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, Turner Gold Medal for painting, Premiums Exhibition at RA, and Cromwell Hospital Award, all 1997. Chris Farrell had a varied career, including a commission to produce a watercolour based on a sea theme for Chevron’s 1997 calendar; being artist-in-residence, London Business School Regent’s Park, and producing a painting for Ove Arup/Contemporary Art Society Projects, both 1997–8; as well as private commissions and extensive website designing, from 1999. Showed widely, latterly including Christopher FARRELL 1971–

Simeon FARRAR 1975– Artist

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Urban Heights, Vertigo Gallery, 2000; Sarah 1986, and Midland Arts Centre, 1987, both in Myerscough Fine Art, 2001; and Hunting Art Birmingham. Prizes, 2002, at Royal College of Art. Lived in James FARRELLY 1959– Artist and teacher, one of London. the sons of the poet George Barker, born and lived Micheál FARRELL 1940– Versatile artist and teacher, in New York City but brought up in Rome, Italy. born in Kells, County Meath, Ireland, who studied He studied with Gretna Campbell at Yale at St Martin’s School of Art, 1957–61. His teaching University. An early influence on his work was included East Ham College of Art, Norwich School fresco wall paintings in Renaissance buildings. of Art, Brighton College of Art, and Pratt Institute, Farrelly was a painter of everyday things such as New York, America. Farrell soon won a series of the pleasures of the beach, the leisure of the awards, including an Abbey Travelling Scholarship breakfast table, a figure reading in a chair. He had to Italy, 1964; Laureat, Paris Biennale, 1967; and a sell-out exhibition at Rebecca Hossack Gallery Prix de la ville de Liége, 1969. In the 1960s Farrell in 1994, the first in a series there. Among group was a scenic artist on the films The Lion in Winter, and mixed shows were Presenze, Comune di Dracula Rises from the Grave and The Country Perugia, 1991; University of North Carolina, 1999; Dance. While early and later producing figurative and Rhythm and Light, The Painting Center, New work, Farrell was in the 1960s one of the first artists York City, 2000. Farrelly taught drawing at Trinity of his generation to adopt rigorous abstraction. University for five years and sculpture at St Other pictures from the 1970s made “every Stephen’s School for a year, both in Rome. possible statement on the Irish situation, religion, cultural, political, the cruelty, the horror, every David FARRER 1968– Artist, born in Leeds, aspect of it.” Works from the 1980s were light and Yorkshire, where he trained in printmaking at the rich in colour, drawing on his experience of Paris Metropolitan University. He exhibited to which he had moved in 1971, later settling in internationally and worked to commission, most Provence. From his base, Farrell travelled Europe notably for the Public Record Office. In 2005 Farrer to exhibit, “taking a train to wherever it is. I work had a solo show, Zebra, at the Rebecca Hossack like a gypsy.” Later exhibitions included Images Gallery, where he showed recycled animal heads and Insights at the Hugh Lane Municipal Gallery made from old magazines. He had had the idea of Modern Art, Dublin, 1993. It, the Arts Council several years before while working in South Africa, of Ireland, Manchester City Art Gallery, Ulster travelled extensively in that part of the world and Museum in Belfast and other public and corporate was interested in ecology and green matters. collections hold Carroll’s work, which was Afterwards he diversified into European and North included in A Land of Heart’s Desire: 300 Years American beasts, such as deer, bears, moose and of Irish Art, Ulster Museum, 1999. He is in the bulls. National Self-Portrait Collection of Ireland, Julia FARRER 1950– Artist whose work included University of Limerick. geometrical abstractions, and teacher, born and

Artist born in Paisley, Renfrewshire, who studied at St Helens College of Art and Design, then graduated in fine art from Birmingham Polytechnic. Farrell’s stone Flywheel, opposite the Council House in Coventry’s city centre, was installed in 1987 as part of the On the Town Midlands View 4 Sculpture Show. Farrell contributed to group exhibitions in the Midlands area. His solo shows included Highcroft Hospital, Michael FARRELL 1964–

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lived in London. She studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1968–72, then taught there for two years. A Harkness Scholarship took her to America, 1974–6, and she worked in Paris, 1978–9. Also taught at Wimbledon and Byam Shaw Schools of Art. Group exhibitions included First Nuremberg Drawing Biennial, 1979; British Artists’ Books, Atlantis Gallery, 1984; Harkness Artists 58–85 at Air Gallery, 1985; and in 1988

Composition/Structure at Galerie Lüpke, Frankfurt. Had a solo show at JPL Gallery, 1980; Air and Huddersfield City Art Galleries, both 1983; Curwen Art Gallery and Imprints, both 1986; Francis Graham-Dixon Gallery, 1995; and @Backroom, 2000. In 2005 she shared an exhibition with John Carter and Noel Forster at The Eagle Gallery. Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, University of Austin in Texas and University College, London, hold examples.

poetry magazine and did location work in Amsterdam, Edinburgh and St Ives; in 1988 created a stage environment for the Design Market fashion show in Norwich; and in 1989 was included in East End Open Studios, based at Vyner Street Arts.

Painter and draughtsman, born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk. She was initially convent-educated in Reading, attended the University there, joined the town’s Guild of Artists and showed elsewhere in the area, where she John FARRINGTON fl. from 1950s– Painter and settled. teacher whose work has a gritty realism. He attended School of Art in Dudley, Worcestershire, Kieron FARROW 1949– Versatile artist and teacher, influenced by the principal, Joe Jago, and Ivo Shaw, using a bright palette, who did a painting who encouraged Farrington to study illustration foundation course at Barnsley School of Art, 1964– and printmaking. In 1957 did teacher training year 7; was at Leeds Polytechnic, part-time 1973–6; Middlesex at Leicester College of Art. Christopher Wood, photography, Polytechnic/Hornsey College of Art, 1979–82; then Edward Bawden, John Minton, Jack Smith, Edward Middleditch, Alan Reynolds and Oskar made an extended study of printmaking at Kokoschka were influences. Farrington painted Camberwell School of Art, 1982–3. Worked for a the Black Country and also worked in series, such time as a screenprinter and as a professional as bird men, flying men, Icarus, fairgrounds and photographer; taught widely; and was an artist and circuses. He depicted the grimmer aspects of art consultant from 1990. From 1989–92 he was farming, having worked as a cowman. In 1984 chairman of the Printmakers’ Council. Had Farrington produced the paintings for Granada numerous group shows, later solo exhibitions Television’s The Ebony Tower, based on John including Curwen Gallery, 1999, based on a trip Fowles’ novel. Solo shows included Goldmark to Polynesia. The Museum of Archaeology in Valletta, Malta, and Royal Borough of Kensington Gallery, Uppingham, 1993. and Chelsea hold examples. Lived in Hornchurch, Richard FARRINGTON 1956– Versatile artist who Essex. studied sculpture and printmaking at Bath Academy of Arts, 1975–9. Children’s drawings Stephen FARTHING 1950– Painter, printmaker and sometimes inspired his commissions. Farrington teacher, born in London. He attended St Martin’s often worked in metal, as for his three steel School of Art, 1968–73; Royal College of Art, sculptures Trawl Door, Pillar and The Circle, sited 1973–6; was an Abbey Major Scholar at British in 1990 on a cliff top on the Cleveland Way, at School, Rome, 1976–7; lectured in painting at Skelton. They stemmed from a New Milestones Canterbury College of Art, 1977–9; taught painting residency organised by Cleveland Arts working at the Royal College, 1980–5; was head of department of fine art, West Surrey College of Art with Common Ground. & Design, Farnham, 1985–89; was artist-inAndrew FARROW 1966– Versatile artist who studied residence at the Hayward Gallery, 1989; then in at Chesterfield College of Technology and Arts, 1990 was elected Ruskin Master at Ruskin School 1984–5, then graduated with honours from of Fine Art & Drawing and professorial fellow of Norwich School of Art, 1985–8. Farrow was artist- St Edmund’s Hall, Oxford. Farthing’s early work in-residence, Fakenham Festival of Music & Arts, showed some reference to Pop Art, drawing on 1987; in 1987–8 had work reproduced in The Rialto diverse images. He was a figurative painter who Anne C FARROW 1928–

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responded in different ways to the environment in which he was placed, his work sometimes having a sinister edge. Took part in numerous group shows, including New Contemporaries, 1975; John Moores Liverpool Exhibition from 1976 at Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, being several times a prize winner; New Art Centre, 1979; Edward Totah Gallery, from 1985; Heritage Exhibition at Cornerhouse Gallery, and tour, 1990; 20th Century Drawings, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 1994; and Collecting the Contemporary, University of Essex, 1995. Had a solo show at Royal College of Art, 1977, later ones including Tales of Topophilia, at Coram Gallery, 1994, resulting from a series of visits overseas as guest of the British Council; The Knowledge: SE1/South, at The Cut Gallery, 1995 (the previous year it had held SE1/North); and Absolute Monarchy, Anne Berthoud, 1996. Ashmolean Museum, Arts Council, British Council, National Museum of Wales in Cardiff and many other public collections hold examples. Elected RA, 1998. Prize winner, John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1999. Farthing’s Trees in Snow series was at The Drawing Gallery in 2005. Lived in Oxford.

in California, America, where his parents ran a restaurant. There he met people from Britain, became interested in its culture and moved there in the mid-1960s. After a time in Bath, he settled in London to paint seriously and became inspired by the street markets and the Victoria & Albert Museum (it was to give him the first major exhibition for a contemporary textile artist in 1988). Friendship with the designer Bill Gibb and a trip to Scotland inspired Kaffe (pronounced Kayf) to start serious knitting. He held successful exhibitions around the world and produced books such as Glorious Knitting, 1985; Family Album, 1989; and Glorious Interiors, 1995. In 1997 there was a sixtieth birthday show at The Catto Gallery of his colourful still life paintings.

Painter and teacher, born in Derby, son of sculptor Caleb Fathers. Studied at Ipswich School of Art, 1918–22, under George Rushton, then at the Royal College of Art, 1922–6, under William Rothenstein. Fathers made a career on the art side of publishing and in process engraving. He exhibited RA, NEAC and in the provinces and was notable for his landscapes. Fathers was a member of both Bradford and Suzy FASHT 1964– Painter, born and lived in Ipswich Art Clubs. At various times he was a London, who began her studies with a foundation visiting teacher at Borough Polytechnic, Leeds and course at Sir John Cass School of Art, 1991–2; Hull Colleges of Art. Lived in Bradford. gained a fine art honours degree, painting, at Wimbledon School of Art, 1992–5; then did a James Alexander FAULDS 1949– Painter and teacher, postgraduate fine art diploma at the Royal born and lived in Glasgow. He attended Duncan Academy Schools, 1995–8. In 1997 she won the of Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee, 1968–72. M&G RA Summer Exhibition prize for an artist Exhibited at RSA, SSA, Group 81 in Glasgow of under 35, the Creswick Prize for landscape and the which he was a founder-member, RSW and in RA Silver Medal. She was commissioned by Germany. Was a Glasgow Art Club member. Chevron UK Ltd to provide watercolours of Lewis Amanda FAULKNER 1953– Painter, draughtsman and Harris, Outer Hebrides, for its 1998 calendar, and printmaker, born in Dorset. She attended and was featured in the oil company’s show in Bournemouth College of Art, 1978–9; studied 1997 at the ICA. Mixed shows included Cut printmaking at Ravensbourne College of Art, Gallery, 1994; Wimbledon Library Gallery, 1995; 1979–82; then worked for her master’s at Chelsea Attendi and Ben Uri Galleries, both 1996; and School of Art, 1982–3. She spent two years in Beatrice Royal Gallery, Eastleigh, 1997. Had a South America, part of a two-man team making solo show in that year at The Cromwell Hospital. anthropological films of the Canai Indians of George R FATHERS 1898–1968

Self-educated textile and Ecuador, and also worked there as an illustrator of knitwear designer, painter and writer, brought up short books on the mythology of an Amazonian

Kaffe FASSETT 1937–

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group. Among Faulkner’s group appearances were Young Contemporaries, ICA, 1981. In 1983 she had a solo show at Woodlands Art Gallery. Her work there and works held by Arts Council, bought from Angela Flowers, 1983, were much concerned with women. Plymouth Arts Centre included Faulkner in a three-artist exhibition in 1996. By then Faulkner had participated in numerous group exhibitions internationally. Her later solo exhibitions included Small Mysteries, Flowers East, 1999, and New Drawings, 2002. For a time she lived in Chatham, Kent.

became a senior designer. He was responsible for many commemorative projects, including the Silver and Golden Jubilees of Queen Elizabeth II, the weddings of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer as well as other royal occasions. Faulkner eventually became a prolific and well-selling fulltime artist, the light and colour of Venice and Spain being particular inspirations.

Painter, born in Belfast, where he studied at the College of Art. Showed at RHA, RUA of which he was a member, and Belfast Museum and Art Gallery. Lived for Howard FAULKNER 1894–1979 Watercolourist, many years in Ballycastle, County Antrim. designer and teacher, born in Birmingham, where he was at school. Attended Dudley School of Art. Trevor FAULKNER 1929– Sculptor and teacher, born 1910–14, then Royal College of Art, 1919–22, Robert Trevor Faulkner in Sheffield, Yorkshire. where his teachers included Ernest Tristram. He He worked in most three-dimensional media, with went on to hold a number of art teaching posts, in a special interest in metal. Faulkner claimed to Cornwall, Wiltshire and finally in Eastbourne, “have developed hand-wrought and welded Sussex, where he settled and where he was a sculpture to a uniquely high level, with a technique member of the Society of Artists. Showed PS, impossible to duplicate.” He studied at Sheffield NEAC and elsewhere. Victoria & Albert Museum School of Art, 1946–50, and with Frank Dobson and Towner Art Gallery, Eastbourne, hold his work. and John Skeaping at Royal College of Art, 1952– 5, after holding a commission in the Army, 1950– Iain FAULKNER 1973– Figurative painter born in 2. In 1955 he was a vehicle designer, then went Glasgow where he graduated with honours in fine into teaching, becoming principal lecturer at art from the School of Art in 1996. During 1997– Sheffield City Polytechnic. From 1988 sculpted 8 he showed three times in mixed exhibitions at and worked as a consultant full-time, being a fellow Albemarle Gallery, which gave him his first of RBS. He showed with Young Contemporaries, London solo exhibition in 1999; there was an initial RA and Moorland Gallery. Had solo shows with New York show, in America, that year at the John Hutton Gallery, Peterborough, 1968; Alwin Eleanor Ettinger Gallery; another Albemarle Gallery, 1980; then became gallery artist with John exhibition in 2003. Bathers, dancers, musicians, Noott, Broadway. He carried out work for a number board games and the icon were features of of firms, including British Steel, Expamet and Faulkner’s pictures, often large and with a narrative BOC. Cartier, Bond Street, holds his work. In 1978 element, painterly in the Glasgow tradition. Faulkner published Direct Metal Sculpture. Lived in Bradway, Sheffield. Neil FAULKNER 1952– Artist in watercolour and oil producing highly detailed work, as in the show he Emma FAULL 1956– Painter, draughtsman and shared with James Longueville at Oakham writer, notable for her studies of birds. She was Galleries in 2005. He was early inspired by Andrew described by the naturalist and bird painter Sir Wyeth after seeing an exhibition of his paintings Peter Scott as “an artist of great distinction. Her at the RA, as an adult travelling to America to see bird paintings are large, scientifically accurate and more of them. After college Faulkner worked with enormously decorative.” Born in England, she the china manufacturer Wedgwood for several graduated in geography from Oxford University, years, then with Royal Doulton, where he soon then in 1979 travelled to Athens as a draughtsman Richard FAULKNER 1917–1988

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with the British School of Archaeology. In 1980 she gained a scholarship from the Greek government to write The Imagery of the Bird in Ancient Greece. Her book Endangered Birds was published in 1992. Among Faull’s exhibiting venues were Cadogan Gallery, Addison Ross Gallery, Spink & Son, National Museum of Greece, Wildlife Art Gallery in Lavenham and elsewhere. HM The Queen and HRH The Duke of Edinburgh hold her work. Lived in Jersey.

published fine illustrated broadsheets on handmade paper. Fausset had attended Friends’ School in Saffron Walden and during World War II did farm work and was with a Friends’ Ambulance Unit in northern Europe. From 1946–8 was assistant to Henry Moore, then was at Chelsea School of Art, 1948–52, and Slade School of Fine Art, 1952–4. Was a part-time teacher in Cambridge area, 1948– 54; was full-time, 1958–81, being head of foundation studies at Central School of Art & Design from 1963; then taught part-time, 1981–7, James Faure WALKER 1948– Artist, born and based at Central School and Architectural Association. in London, who studied at St Martin’s School of Fausset took part in many mixed shows from 1955, Art, 1966–70, and at Royal College of Art, 1970– including Leicester, Obelisk and Brook Street 2. Was editor of Artscribe magazine and Galleries, RA, LG and New Art Centre. From occasionally taught. Group exhibitions included 1960–70 did not show, working to establish a basis Stowells Trophy Exhibition, Chenil Gallery, 1969, in elemental forms. Had a solo show at Mercury in which he won a prize; Space Open Studios, 10 Gallery in 1973. In 1979 organised the Amnesty Martello Street, from 1973; Style in the Seventies, sculpture exhibition in St Paul’s Cathedral; in 1983 at Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol, and tour, 1979; John was commissioned by Harlow Art Trust; at LG Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1982; Summer Royal College of Art show in 1984 was nominated Show 2, Serpentine Gallery, 1983; Gallery North, for Henry Moore prize; gained Nina Hosali Award Air Gallery and East End Open Studios, at Martello for Sculpture, 1989; in same year was Street, all 1989; and John Moores, 2002. Solo commissioned as sculptor for Magna Park shows included Whitworth Art Gallery, development, Leicestershire, completing the 36Manchester, 1985; Vortex Gallery, 1987, and piece task in 1991. Elected member of RBS in Colville Place Gallery, 2000, The Colour & Motion 1979. WAC holds his work. Lived at Pirton, Series. Although he came from a traditional Hertfordshire. painting background, by then he was drawing in “digital paint” with vivid freedom. Faure Walker’s Pat FAUST fl. from 1950s– Painter, theatrical designer pictures celebrated the new technique of digital and muralist, born in Lancashire, who studied at photography, image processing and layering used Manchester Regional College of Art and with a painter’s touch. He incorporated everyday Birmingham’s Crescent Theatre. Miss Faust was themes, such as shopping, a cup of coffee or a member of Leeds Fine Art Club and the Arts pigeons on the pavement. “I like the idea of Society in Scarborough, Yorkshire, not far from capturing inconsequential slices of life and weaving where she lived for many years at Filey. Showed them into the fabric of a picture.” Faure Walker’s with MAFA, RA, RCamA, Royal Glasgow paintings were also shown at the Hayward and Institute of the Fine Arts and at Paris Salon. Solo Whitechapel Galleries and widely abroad. The shows included University of Hull. Scarborough Victoria & Albert Museum and Leicester Education Corporation owns her work. Authority hold Faure Walker’s work. Stephanie FAWBERT 1964– Versatile artist and Shelley FAUSSET 1920–1994 Sculptor in various teacher who studied foundation at West Surrey materials, especially stone, and teacher, full name College of Art and Design, Farnham, 1984, gaining Philip Shelley I Fausset, born in Newbury, an honours degree at Newcastle upon Tyne Berkshire. In 1930s studied under Eric Gill. Fausset Polytechnic, 1984–7. Residencies included West later started his own press, Linden Press, which Middlesex University Hospital, 1990–2, and 18

Ladevie School of Music, France, experimenting with visual languages to express music, 1993–5. She also lectured in art and graphic design at West Thames College, Isleworth; worked on production at the Daily Mirror and Sunday Mirror; at a village silkscreen workshop in Botswana; and coordinated development projects in a Gambia fishing village. Exhibitions included Glancing, at Kent Institute of Art and Design’s Zandra Rhodes Gallery, Rochester, 1998, an installation of nearly 450 portraits in black, white and sepia ink and watercolour washes. Lived in Leeds.

dancers, also at The Royal Opera House. The resulting work was exhibited in her solo show Illuminations at The Gallery, 54 Shepherd Market, 2002, along with landscapes of southwest France. She also exhibited at Royal National Theatre, the Primrose Hill and Soar Galleries and elsewhere. Fawley’s work is held in international collections. She lived in London.

Painter of strong, colourful images in acrylic which used the triangle as a building block, born in New York, America, educated in England and Switzerland. Seeking her cultural roots she studied at the College of Fine Art, Cairo; did a postgraduate course at Goldsmiths’ College; then trained in tempera techniques with Theodor Zeller in Germany. Exhibitions included John Sears Gallery, 1976; Regent Gallery, 1982; Jablonski Gallery, 1987; and Duncan Campbell Contemporary Art, 1997, as well as widely abroad. The Campbell show was based on work done during a decade-long stay in Scotland; latterly, Fawzi lived in England and Germany. Randa FAWZI fl. from 1970s–

Charlotte FAWCETT: see Charlotte JOHNSON WAHL

Robert FAWCETT 1966– Figurative painter, born in

Cambridge. He studied at Huntingdon Technical College, 1982–4; Cambridge College of Art and Technology, 1984–5; Byam Shaw School of Art, 1986–9; and Royal College of Art, 1990–2. Awards included Burston Print Prize; Daler-Rowney Prize; Elizabeth Greenshields Award; and L’Escargot Restaurant Prize. Mixed, two- and three-man exhibitions included Figure Show, Jill George Gallery, extensively from 1998; Galerie Vielle du Temple, Paris, France, 2000; and LA International, Terence Rogers Gallery, California, America, 2001. In 2004, Jill George gave Fawcett and Daniel Hughes a two-man show.

Alan Hardy FAYERS 1926– Painter and teacher, born in Accrington, Lancashire. He studied at Accrington Regional College of Art from 1943– 4, then after a wartime break from 1947–51, completing his studies during 1951–2 at Bretton Hall, Wakefield. Held a number of teaching positions, including Malton Grammar School. Exhibited widely in Lancashire, notably with the Lancashire Artists and West Riding Artists. Lived in Ilkley, Yorkshire.

Charlotte FAWCETT JOHNSON WAHL: see Charlotte JOHNSON WAHL

Charlotte FAWLEY 1934– Painter, draughtsman and

designer, born in Blackpool, notable for her ability to capture energy, fleeting movement as well as a particular light and colour. She studied at Blackpool School of Art, 1953–7, then with Aubrey Williams at Camden Arts Centre, 1964–6. Fawley was a versatile artist whose work ranged from graphics for Falklands War coverage by the BBC 2 television programme Newsnight, 1982, to the design of backcloth and costumes for the ballet Serpentine, toured by the Royal Ballet in Kenya, 1996. She drew extensively at The Royal Ballet for two decades, which gave her the opportunity to depict in action some of the world’s most famous

Gestural abstract painter, born in Widnes, near Liverpool, his family including a line of grocers. He studied at Liverpool College of Art from 1952, teachers including George Mayer-Marton and Arthur Ballard, then Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1956–7, where he studied painting and stained glass, teachers including William Turnbull. While doing his National Service in the Army Lawrence Alloway showed Fazakerley’s work to Herbert Read, which led to a first solo exhibition at ICA, 1959. After Gordon FAZAKERLEY 1937–

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the Army Fazakerley did a number of jobs. Having won a small sum of money he went over to Hardy Strid, in Sweden, later to Jørgen Nash and took part in building up the Bauhaus Situationist at Drakabygget, although he later rejected Situationist ideas. In 1962 he met his Danish wife-to-be and settled in Denmark. Exhibited widely in Europe.

Fremantle, 1991; Young Emerging Artists Exhibition, Crafts Council, Perth, 1992; Moira Fearby & Helore Roberts, Alternative Arts, 1994; and Royal Over-Seas League Open, 1995. The Bar Chambers Collection, Perth; Highlands Sculpture Gallery, California; and 4011/2 Workshop Collection hold examples.

Painter of atmospheric scenes, who studied at Croydon and Camberwell Schools of Art, gaining first-class honours and a Silver Medal in her finals. After graduating she worked as a professional designer for six years, followed by 12 years as head of art at a private school. Exhibited at RA Summer Exhibition, RI of which she was a member, NEAC, RWS and elsewhere in London, including Curzon Gallery, 1999. Among her awards were two from the NEAC and one from RWS, all 1996, and two from the RI in 1997, including its Silver Medal, another in 1998.

Artist and teacher, born in Newport-on-Tay, Fife. He studied at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art in Dundee, 1950–6. A Travelling Scholarship took him to the continent and Cyprus in 1956–7. He taught art in Fife for three years from 1959 and in 1962 began to lecture at Duncan of Jordanstone. Among group shows in which Fearn participated were Dundee City Art Gallery; Scottish Arts Council; Compass Gallery; and Dundee Print Workshop. SAC holds his work. Lived in Dundee.

Pauline FAZAKERLEY fl. from 1970s–

Ian FEARN 1934–

Sculptor in all threedimensional materials who studied at Gloucestershire College of Art, 1955–7, and Royal College of Art, where she won the Feodora Gleichen Award. Showed at RA, AIA, RWA and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and in 1962 was included in 19 Young Sculptors at Hillfield Gardens, Gloucester, when she was living at Rodborough Manor, Stroud. Fearnley was commissioned to complete a number of portraits and sculpture for BBC Television and the Daily Mirror (design for 26 trophies). Charmian FEARNLEY 1932–

Helen FAY 1968– Natural history artist and illustrator

and teacher, born in South Shields, County Durham, who did a foundation course at Newcastle College of Art and Design, 1986–7; an honours degree in fine art printmaking, Sunderland University, 1987–90; then her master’s degree in natural history illustration, Royal College of Art, 1990–2, in 1992 winning the Sheila Robinson Memorial Prize for Drawing. In 1993 she supplied illustrations and the front cover of New Scientist magazine, also teaching part-time at Sunderland University. She was later technician and manager at Oxford Printmakers’ Co-operative. Took part in many group shows, including Washington Arts Centre, Tyne & Wear, 1989; Cupola Gallery, Sheffield and Beatrice Royal Gallery, Eastleigh, both from 1995; National Print Exhibition, Mall Galleries, 1997; Jonathan Poole Gallery, Chelsea Art Fair, 1999; and Will’s Art Warehouse, 2002.

Moira FEARBY 1969– Artist whose work included abstract pictures, born in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, and studied at Curtin University of Technology, Western Australia. Group exhibitions included An Aspect, Art Rage Festival,

Edmund Owen FEARNLEY-WHITTINGSTALL 1901– 1972 Painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in Marlow, Buckinghamshire. He was educated at Haileybury College and studied art at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art, 1922–5, his teachers including Harry Watson, and the Royal Academy Schools, 1925–8, under Charles Sims and George Clausen. For five years shortly after World War II he taught painting and drawing at Sir John Cass School of Arts and Crafts. Showed at RA, RP, NS and elsewhere. He shared his time between London and Ickford, Buckinghamshire.

Painter, lecturer, designer and gallery owner, born in Worcester, who grew up above an artists’ materials shop and gallery. Left school at 16 to attend art college, then worked in graphic design, advertising, architecture and the Ian FEARNSIDE 1948–

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family shop learning the art trade. After successful exhibitions he set up his own art shop in Malvern, Worcestershire, which he ran for 25 years, also designing leaflets for Oxfam, the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament and the United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), for which he gained an award. From 1995 Fearnside ran a gallery to show his own traditional landscapes and other artists’ work.

he had continued to paint, solo shows including Archer Gallery, 1950, and Hanover Gallery, 1951; he won The Wolfson Memorial Prize in 1957; was a member of Liverpool Academy, 1960–70; having a solo show at Bluecoat Society, 1972. Became a member of Newlyn Society of Artists, 1980–90, and showed widely in the West Country/Cornwall. Had a retrospective at The New Millennium Gallery, St Ives, 1996. Later exhibitions included Yan Kel Feather: The Post-War Modernist, Great James FEARON fl. from mid-1980s– Figurative artist Expectations Gallery, 2003. who graduated in fine art from University of Ulster, Belfast, 1984. In 1989 he was invited to take up a residency William FEATHERSTON 1927– Sculptor and teacher, at Banff Arts Centre in Canada and in 1992 he took part in born in Toronto, Canada, who lived and worked a Belfast/Berlin Exchange, funded by Aer Lingus and Arts in Britain 1957–71. The latter 10 years of this time Council of Northern Ireland. Showed at Mall Galleries and was spent teaching at Cardiff College of Art, after in 1994 was included in Works on Paper and Beyond the Partitions, put on by Queen Street Studios, Belfast, with which Featherston taught in California and worked which Fearon was associated. Solo shows in Belfast included as a freelance artist in Vancouver. Featherston showed internationally and while in Britain Kerlin Gallery, 1988, and Orpheus Building, 1990. exhibited with the 56 Group and SEA, having solo Judith FEASEY 1945– Painter, etcher and teacher, exhibitions at Woodstock, New Vision and born and lived in London. She studied at Guildford Grabowski Galleries in London. WAC, Glasgow School of Art, 1965–9; Royal Academy Schools, University and many overseas public collections 1973–6; and Goldsmiths’ College, 1976–7, for a hold his work. teacher’s certificate. While studying she gained the David Murray Landscape Scholarship, 1975– William FEAVER 1942– Writer on art, broadcaster, 6, the Turner Gold Medal for landscape painting, teacher and painter. He read history at Oxford as 1976, and in the same year the Arthur Hacker Silver an Open Scholar, 1961–4; taught at Royal Medal for portrait painting, among other awards. Grammar School, Newcastle upon Tyne, 1965– Many exhibitions included RP, RA Summer 71; then was a James Knott Research Fellow at Exhibitions, Greater London Council Spirit of Newcastle University, 1971–3. Contributed to London Competitions, Greenwich Printmakers, many national publications on art; was art critic RWS and Bermondsey Artists’ Group Exhibitions. of Vogue and Artnews New York from 1973; art Feasey taught at Brixton College. critic of Financial Times, 1973–5; art adviser to Sunday Times Magazine, 1973–5; and art critic of Yan Kel FEATHER 1920– Painter of strong figurative The Observer, 1975–1998. In the British Press pictures, born in Liverpool, son of the Austrian Awards Feaver was voted Critic of the Year, 1983, artist Wilhelm Feder. He began painting in 1939 Commended, 1986. Was a member of Arts and had a first solo show at Gibbs Gallery, Council’s art panel, 1974–9; chairman of Manchester in 1940. During World War II Feather Serpentine Gallery, 1975–6; and member of art studied alone at the National and Tate Galleries. advisory committee for National Museum of Wales He cited Velasquez, Fuseli, Ivon Hitchens, Roger from 1991. He taught at many art schools; was an Hilton, Francis Bacon and L S Lowry as influences. external assessor at Royal College of Art and After a visit to Cornwall in 1947 Feather returned University of Ulster; and organised a number of to Liverpool, for some years running a night club exhibitions. These latterly included Lucian Freud, and an antique shop, eventually returning to settle Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal, 1996, and Tate in St Ives in 1977 to paint full-time. Meanwhile, Britain, 2002; Michael Andrews, Thyssen21

autobiographical The Last Jews of Mergentheim, appeared. A show at Blond Fine Art in 1985 revived interest in Fechenbach.

Bornemisza Museum, Madrid, 2000 and Tate Britain, 2001; and, with Lucian Freud, John Constable, Grand Palais, Paris, 2002. From 1994, Feaver was visiting professor at Nottingham Trent University. Among his books were Pitmen Painters, 1988, and Van Gogh, 1990. Northumberland was a favourite painting subject. Among exhibitions shown in were A Personal View at Nigel Greenwood Gallery, 1988, and a threecritic show at Cadogan Contemporary, 1992. Feaver shared a show with the critic William Packer at Piers Feetham Gallery in 2005. Lived in London.

Daphne FEDARB 1912–1992 Painter, born in London,

who married the artist Ernest Fedarb, and whose daughter Paulette was also a painter. She studied at Beckenham School of Art, 1928–30, Slade School of Fine Art, 1931–4, then at Westminster School of Art, 1936–9, where Mark Gertler taught her painting and Bernard Meninsky drawing. She married Ernest Fedarb in 1932 and in 1935 they had a joint show at Fine Art Society. Daphne Fedarb became a member of NS, 1940–55, of the RBA in 1948 and WIAC, 1955–68. Between 1961–73 she showed work at RA, NEAC and LG, in America and on the continent. Had a solo exhibition at Gallery 34, Shaftesbury, in 1968, another at Chilham Gallery, Kent, 1972, and shared a second show with Ernest at Sally Hunter & Patrick Seale Fine Art, 1986. Daphne Fedarb won first prize in the Laing Landscape Competition, 1981, and a second prize in 1983, and gained the RBA De Laszlo Medal in 1982. Lived in Nackington, Kent.

Hermann FECHENBACH 1897–1986 Printmaker and

painter, born in Wurttemberg, Germany, into a Jewish family. From an early age drawing became a passion and refuge for his shy nature, but his parents wanted a commercial career for him, so he became a window dresser in Dortmund. Conscripted in 1916, in 1917 Fechenbach was badly injured, having a leg amputated. In 1918 he began training at a Stuttgart handicraft school for invalids, graduating to studies of painting and restoration at the Stuttgart and Munich Academies, 1919–22, Max Liebermann being an influence. A year studying classical artists in Florence from 1923 was followed by travels through Pisa, Venice, Vienna and Amsterdam. Returned to Stuttgart in 1924, Fechenbach worked and showed in the contemporary style. In 1930 he married the photographer Greta Batze and they taught students in their studio until Nazi pressure led them to England in 1939. Fechenbach was interned in the Isle of Man, where he produced a powerful series of anti-Nazi lino-cuts. Settled in Oxford in 1941 Fechenbach began to exhibit to critical acclaim, then he had a first London show at the AngloPalestinian Club in 1944, the year he moved to the capital. In the mid-1940s he showed at Ben Uri Gallery, which holds examples in its collection. Although Movietone produced a news feature on Fechenbach about 1951, the artist increasingly retired from exposure, settling in Denham, Buckinghamshire, from 1962. In 1969 he published Genesis, illustrated with enlarged prints from many small wood engravings, and in 1972 the partly

Watercolourist and teacher, born in Canterbury, Kent, married to the artist Daphne Fedarb, their daughter Paulette also being a painter. In 1918 Fedarb attended first art classes at Sidney Cooper School of Art (later Canterbury School of Art), then was at Beckenham School of Art, where his teachers included Percy Jowett, Vivian Pitchforth and Henry Carr. In 1924 he became art master at Kent College, Canterbury, a year later at King’s School Canterbury, in 1935 joining the staff of Westminster School of Art, then in 1939 becoming art master at Merchant Taylors’ School. In 1940 his Hampstead home was destroyed by a bomb, which cost all his painting equipment and much of his early work. When the Hammersmith School of Art returned from evacuation in 1944 Fedarb joined its staff, then from 1947–65 was a Ministry of Education inspector for art. Fedarb had first showed with RBA in 1926. From the mid-1930s he showed regularly in London and provincial galleries and for many years from 1960 was honorary secretary Ernest FEDARB 1905–

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to the United Kingdom Committee of the International Association of Art, delegate to International Art Congresses in New York, Amsterdam and London. In 1985 he was made president of NS. He had a joint show with his wife at Fine Art Society in 1932 and a second at Sally Hunter & Patrick Seale Fine Art in 1986. The Fedarbs were regular painters in France, Ernest’s speciality being delicately coloured still lifes of flowers. Lived in Nackington, Kent.

Mary FEDDEN 1915– Painter, notably of murals, and teacher, born in Bristol, married to the artist Julian Trevelyan. She studied at Slade School of Fine Art, as a scholar, 1932–6. She taught painting – the first woman tutor – at Royal College of Art, 1958–64, from 1965–70 at Yehudi Menuhin School. Was a member of LG, 1962–4, and participated in many other mixed shows. Solo shows included Redfern Gallery from 1953, Hamet Gallery from 1970, Heal’s Mansard Gallery, Arnolfini Gallery in Bristol and elsewhere in the provinces. Major exhibition at RWA in 1988, by which time she had been its president for several years, with another in 1996. Mural commissions included Festival of Britain in 1951, the P & O liner Canberra in 1961, one with Julian Trevelyan at Charing Cross Hospital in 1980, and one for Colindale Hospital, 1985. Fedden was noted for her domestic, modest-sized still lifes, rich in colour and with an immaculate pattern element, as seen in another joint show with Trevelyan’s work at Bohun Gallery, Henley-on-Thames, in 2003. Fedden shared an exhibition with Edmund FairfaxLucy at the New Grafton Gallery in 2005. HM The Queen, Chantrey Bequest for Tate Gallery and Contemporary Art Society bought her work. Lived in London. Was elected RA, 1992.

Artist in oil, watercolour, pen and ink and teacher, born in Canterbury, Kent, mother of the artist Roger Kelly and daughter of the artists Ernest and Daphne Fedarb. She studied at Chelsea School of Art, 1951–5, Bromley College of Art, 1955–6, then Hornsey College of Art, 1956– 7, after which she taught full-time and continued to paint. Family commitments gave little time for painting after marriage in 1964, but from 1968– 87 she taught part-time in adult evening classes, including Workers’ Educational Association courses for Nottingham University, 1977–9. In 1981 returned to painting, in 1987 giving up all teaching to paint full-time. Her book Pen and Ink Techniques was published in 1992. Fedarb said that “my work is figurative, mainly of landscape and plant-derived forms. Textures of surface and pattern are important.” Mixed shows included WIAC, NS and Midland Group. Had a solo show at Basement Gallery, Midland Group, 1964, also The Garden, Loughborough, Leicestershire, where she lived, 1985. Paulette FEDARB 1934–

Henry FEDERER 1918– Versatile artist and designer,

born in Vienna, Austria, who graduated in medicine at Vienna University in 1937. After moving to England in 1938, he was interned in Australia for part of World War II, on return attending St Martin’s and Central Schools of Art. Federer became a Bryant FEDDEN 1930– Glass engraver, letter-cutter scenic artist in theatre and film at The Harkers and and sculptor, born in Esher, Surrey, who was Pinewood Studios, worked in television design educated at Bryanston School and Cambridge with the BBC for five years and commercial University, where he read history and English, television for 16, also as a European guide and 1950–3. He taught in Britain and Pakistan, 1953– lecturer. Aged 70 he returned to art, specialising 60, turning to letter-cutting and sculpture as a in figurative drawings, paintings and sculpture. He livelihood in 1960. Exhibited in London and the had a solo show at The Studio Art House, provinces, being included in 19 Young Sculptors Leatherhead, 2001. at Hillfield Gardens, Gloucester, 1962. Victoria & Albert Museum, Cheltenham Art Gallery & Jacinta FEENEY 1954– Artist born in Donegal, Museums and several cathedrals hold examples. Ireland, who continued to live there and in London. Was a member of the Gloucestershire Guild of She graduated with first-class honours from the Craftsmen and lived in the county at Littledean. University of Central Lancashire, 1977–80; gained 23

a master’s from the Royal College of Art, 1981– 4; and in 20th Century Art and Theory from Goldsmiths’ College, 1992–4. Her awards included a Princess of Wales Scholarship from the Royal College of Art, 1981, also a Venice Scholarship, 1985; an Irish Arts Council Award to travel to Spain, 1984; and an Irish Arts Council Bursary, 1987. Took part in numerous group shows, latterly including Art of the State, Office of Public Works, touring northern and southern Ireland and Louvain, Belgium, 1996; Dublin Airport, 1997; and NOW, Whiteley’s, 1998. In 2000 she had a two-artist show at Pyms Gallery. Solo exhibitions included Riverrun Gallery, Dublin, 1988 and 1992, and Hammersmith Irish Centre, 1995. Irish Arts Council; Contemporary Arts Council, Ireland; Office of Public Works, Ireland; and Arts Council of Great Britain hold examples.

which has his Baptism of Christ; a number of parish churches in London and the provinces; Dudley Town Hall, in Worcestershire; and the Civil Centre in Newport, Monmouthshire. Was author of the book Mural Painting, 1946. Feibusch continued working to an advanced age and lived in London, to which he had moved in the 1930s when the Nazis condemned and destroyed his work in Germany. Retrospective at Pallant House Gallery, Chichester, and tour, 1995–6. In 1999, Feibusch’s studio was moved to Chichester for display at St Martin’s Hall.

Frederick FEIGL 1884–1965 Painter, born in Prague

in what is now the Czech Republic, who was originally known as Friedrich Feigl. He studied at Prague’s Academy of Arts, then at Antwerp Academy in 1904–5, and in Paris. Settled in Germany, where he had a show in Berlin at J B Neumann Graphisches Kabinett in 1912, returned Cheng-Wu FEI 1914– Painter and teacher, married to Czechoslovakia, after a year in Palestine, in to the artist Chien-Ying Chang. Studied at China’s 1933, but six years later left for England, where National Central University, 1930–4, teaching at he died in London. In 1940 he had a show with the Fine Art College there, 1941–6, further studying Lucy Wertheim’s Gallery, others including one at at Slade School of Fine Art, 1947–50. Published Ben Uri Art Society, which holds several examples, Brush Drawing in the Chinese Manner. Showed in 1964. at RA, NEAC, RWS and elsewhere, having solo exhibitions at Leicester Galleries. Public galleries Maurice FEILD 1905–1988 Painter, printmaker, and in Derby and Sheffield hold his work and Tate teacher. He studied at Slade School of Fine Art in Gallery archive holds his Self-Portrait, 1953. Lived 1920s, then after three years went to teach art at The Downs, a Quaker preparatory school at for many years in north London. Colwall, near Great Malvern, where he remained until after World War II. He inspired several dozen Chien-Ying FEI: see Chien-Ying CHANG notable painters by his direct, open-air teaching Hans FEIBUSCH 1898–1998 Mural painter, methods, including Kenneth Rowntree, Lawrence draughtsman and printmaker, born in Frankfurt- Gowing, Patrick George and Francis Hoyland. am-Main, Germany. After education in Frankfurt, After World War II Feild taught for a time at he studied art in Germany, France and Italy for six Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts and he was years from 1919, exhibiting widely on the invited by William Coldstream to teach at the Slade. continent. In England Feibusch showed at Lefevre Feild was a keen painter of landscape who showed Gallery extensively from the late 1930s, also RA, at Cooling’s and Walker’s Galleries and latterly at RHA, Cooling Galleries, Leicester and Redfern Austin/Desmond Fine Art. In 1970 Coldstream Galleries, but he was mainly known as a mural organised a Grosvenor Gallery retrospective. Lived painter, a strong draughtsman and Colourist with in London. an interest in religious themes. Victoria & Albert Museum and Leeds City Art Gallery hold his work, Basil FEILDING 1907–1986 Painter who studied at but it is predominantly in churches and on public Goldsmiths’ College and Ruskin School of buildings, examples being Chichester Cathedral, Drawing and Fine Art, Oxford, and the Slade 24

School of Fine Art, 1929–37, including a brief Palace School of Art under Matthew Webb and period at the Slade, 1936–7. He had a solo Herbert Bone. Exhibited RMS and in the provinces. exhibition at the Pigeonhole Gallery in 1976. Lived at Henfield, Sussex. Feilding died in Oxford. Sir Brinsley Ford owned Trevor FELCEY 1945– Painter of figures and his work. landscape and teacher, born in Ferring, Sussex. He studied at Camberwell School of Art, 1963–6, then June FEILER: see June MILES Royal College of Art, 1966–9. He won Andrew Paul FEILER 1918– Painter, originally of Lloyd and David Murray Scholarships. Went on representational, but later of abstract work; teacher. to teach part-time at Wimbledon and Byam Shaw He was born in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany, Schools of Art. Felcey’s work appeared in RA, at arriving in England in 1933. Feiler attended Slade British Drawing at Hayward Gallery in 1982, in School of Fine Art, 1936–39, then during World the Norwich School of Art Gallery touring show War II was interned and sent to Canada. Returning A Reputation Among Artists, in 1986–7, and in to England, he taught at combined colleges of Pure Paint, Stephen Lacey Gallery, 1999. Later Radley and Eastbourne until the end of the war, solo shows included Plough Arts Centre, then at West of England College of Art from 1946, Torrington, 1999, and Royal Albert Memorial being head of painting, 1963–75. His first wife Museum, Exeter, in 2005. Chantrey Bequest, was the painter June Miles. He later married the Nuffield Foundation, Franklyn Memorial artist Catharine Armitage. Feiler became associated Collection at South Humberside and Leicestershire with the St Ives painters after his first visit in 1949, Education Authority hold Felcey’s work. Lived in the year before his work moved towards London. abstraction, and in 1953 he settled in Stanhope Forbes’ old studio at Kerris, near Newlyn. Had Carl FELKEL 1896–1980 Landscape, figure and first solo show at Redfern Gallery in that year, portrait painter, studied in Vienna and Munich. In followed by several others. Additional individual addition to exhibiting widely on the continent, exhibitions included Crawford Arts Centre, St Felkel showed in Britain at the Goupil Gallery and Andrews, 1981, which toured; Austin/Desmond the RA. He travelled extensively in Europe and Fine Art, 1990; and retrospective Tate Gallery, St America. The Vienna Albertina as well as public Ives, 1996. Tate St Ives gave him a show in 2005. galleries in Manchester and Derby hold his work. Carried out several architectural commissions for Lived in London. Yorke, Rosenberg & Mardell. Work held by Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museums, Arts Council, Brian FELL 1952– Sculptor, born in Liverpool. He studied at Manchester Polytechnic, 1975–9, then many British provincial and overseas galleries. spent a year as Fellow in Sculpture at Cheltenham Eleanor FEIN 1940– Painter, illustrator and writer, College of Art. He went on to lecture part-time at born in Oxted, Surrey, who studied drawing, Blackpool and Rochdale Colleges of Art. Fell was architectural studio, Madrid, Spain, 1960–1, and awarded a Major Award by North West Arts and worked as a children’s book illustrator, 1973–90. in 1981 the Yorkshire Arts Association Artists in Her awards included a Nuffield Foundation Award Industry Fellowship. He used pre-formed steel for to illustrate science textbooks. She wrote and his sculpture, and this was an opportunity for him illustrated Oscar and his Mouse, 1990. In 2004 to work in a steelworks, surrounded by his material she was Mary Fedden’s choice for Artist of the at all its stages of formation. Although Fell’s sculptures were abstract, they made allusions to Day at Flowers Central. human or machine counterparts, dynamic while Florence Isabel FEIST 1878– Watercolourist and being quite compact. Fell took part in a number of miniaturist, born in London. Studied at Crystal group shows, including New Contemporaries at 25

teacher, born in Aspatria, Cumberland, her father a miner. Attended Carlisle School of Art, 1947–9, encouraged to take up textile design; then St Martin’s School of Art, 1949–51, with R V Pitchforth and John Napper. Although she left Cumbria at 18 and thereafter only returned on visits, its landscape predominated in her work, her depictions of it being painterly but generally dour. Had a daughter by the Greek sculptor Takis Vassilakis in 1957, the year following winning a Boise Scholarship to Greece. First solo show at Beaux Arts Gallery in 1955, one of a series in the 1950s and 1960s. Joined teaching staff of Chelsea School of Art in 1958, the year after she won a prize in John Moores Liverpool Exhibition. Exhibited also at RA, being elected RA in 1974; Ashgate Gallery, Farnham; and New Grafton Gallery. There was a small memorial show at Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal, in 1981, and a larger one organised by South Bank Centre, commenced Salford Art Gallery, with tour, 1990–1. Tate Gallery and Arts Council hold her work. Lived in London.

ICA in 1978, the Manchester Academy exhibitions and he was included in the Welsh Sculpture Trust’s 1983 Margam event, Sculpture in a Country Park.

Painter and printmaker, born in Thetford, Norfolk, and educated in Tewkesbury. She studied at Westminster School of Art, where she won several prizes, and in Paris. Her practice of landscape painting was facilitated by a keen interest in caravanning. She was elected an associated of RE in 1908, also exhibiting at RA, NEAC, SWA, Royal Glasgow Eleanor FELL fl. from c.1900–1946

Institute of the Fine Arts and at Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool. Lived in Worthing, Sussex. Michael FELL 1939– Artist

and teacher, notable as a printmaker, born in London. After a foundation course at St Martin’s School of Art he attended the City & Guilds School of Art, also studying painting and printmaking under a travelling scholarship on the continent. Fell taught at City & Guilds School, finally as head of foundation studies, 1985–96. He was a fellow of the Society of Designer Craftsmen and organised the show Vision and Innovation in St Paul’s Cathedral, part of the Society’s centenary celebrations, in 1998 being elected an honorary fellow of RE. Group shows included Galleria Renata, Chicago, 1988; Allan Art Galleries, Singapore; Belanthi Gallery, New York; and in 1993 the Chappel Galleries, Chappel, show Continuing the Tradition. British Museum, Arts Council and Royal Academy hold his work. Had a solo exhibition at Grosvenor Gallery, 1996, richly coloured landscapes of the Armagnac region; another at Chappel, 1999; and in 2001 a show at Christchurch Mansion, Ipswich, views of Christchurch Park from his studio. Fell lived in Suffolk and Gascony, France.

Painter, muralist, printmaker, watercolourist and teacher, born in Worcestershire. His first artistic work was published in 1956, and from then on he exhibited in leading galleries in Britain, accepting commissions from major companies including Allied Lyons and Texaco. Between 1968–89 he was lecturer in design history at Coventry College of Art (later Lanchester Polytechnic). He made prints for Royal Academy Graphics Collection at Curwen Studio, was a Saunders Waterford prizewinner in 1981, winning an award in the Laing Competition in 1992. In 1977 he had a retrospective at Herbert Art Gallery and Museum, Coventry. Later solo shows included Midlands Contemporary Art in 1990 and in 1992 Venice Observed at Phyllis FELL 1901– Painter and miniaturist, born in Plymouth, Devon. She was of a military family, Waterman Fine Art Ltd. A series of watercolours was educated in Bexhill, Sussex, and studied at of local views were commissioned by Herbert Art Blackheath School of Art, but returned to Plymouth Gallery and are in its permanent collection. to live. Signing her work P F, she showed at RA, Felmingham’s The Illustrated Gift Book 1880– RMS of which she was a member, and elsewhere. 1930 was published in 1990. Felmingham had the fourth of his varied exhibitions at W H Patterson Sheila FELL 1931–1979 Painter, draughtsman and in 2004. Michael FELMINGHAM 1935–

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Shirley FELTS fl. from 1950s– Artist in various media who was born in West Virginia, America. She graduated from University of Texas with fine art degree in 1958, then did postgraduate work in graphics at San Francisco Institute of Art. After working in the city as a graphic artist she travelled through Asia and the Far East, 1962–4, eventually settling in southeast London. Showed in mixed exhibitions in America and Europe and had two solo shows in Corpus Christi, Texas, in 1959. Others included The Old Fire Engine House, Ely, from 1970, Gallery 27 in Tonbridge from 1975, Washington Arts Centre in Cumbria, 1983, and Woodlands Art Gallery, 1984. In that show Felts showed landscapes bordering on abstraction. In 1979 Felts was profiled on BBC Anglia Television. Clare College in Cambridge and King’s School in Ely hold her work.

Summer Exhibition from 1956–72; Wildenstein, 1961; and widely elsewhere, having solo shows at Zaydler Gallery, 1973, and Imperial College, 1975. Fenn visited France, Germany and America to paint and eventually to exhibit. As a painter she was influenced by Christopher Chamberlain and William Coldstream, as an illustrator by Edward Ardizzone and Susan Einzig. Her pictures included a series of London river scenes with Chagall-like couples floating in the clouds. Fenn’s paintings use a rich, highly personal palette, perspective and iconography. As a draughtsman she was capable of exquisite and assured drawings in ink using distinctive hatching. Periods of mental instability undermined Fenn’s career, during which she had to be hospitalised, and she depended heavily on the support of Chamberlain, his wife the painter Heather Copley, Weight and his wife the artist Helen Roeder. Apart from odd exhibitions at such places as the South Place Ethical Society, in her final years Fenn had no regular dealer. She died unremarked in Clapton, east London. Duncan Campbell Fine Art in collaboration with Gabriel Summers showed a fine, revelatory collection of Fenn’s oils on board and works on paper in 2005.

Painter and draughtsman with a strong interest in human responses to, and relationships with, animals. She studied on a preparatory art course at Herts Regional College; foundation at St Albans College of Art & Design; art access at University of Hertfordshire; and gained an honours degree in fine art, painting, at Wimbledon School of Art. Exhibitions included Lesley FENNELL 1943– Painter, mainly in oil with Not, Wimbledon Library, 1997, and Class of 98, a subdued palette, subjects drawn from her life and Hanging Space, 1998. surroundings. She studied at the National College of Art and Design in Dublin, Ireland, and in London Constance FENN 1933–2001 Painter, freelance at the Byam Shaw School. Fennell exhibited illustrator, muralist, portrait copier, restorer and widely, work in public and private collections, and teacher, born and mainly lived in London, who, was included in The Irish Show at The Wykeham after a difficult childhood, studied at Camberwell Gallery, Stockbridge, in 2005. She lived in Ireland School of Arts and Crafts, 1948–50, teaching there, near Althy, County Kildare. 1959–60. She won a scholarship to the Royal College of Art, 1950, graduating from the painting Rachel FENNER 1939– Sculptor, painter and teacher, school with first-class honours, 1954, and in that born in Scarborough, Yorkshire. She studied at year an Edward Austen Abbey Scholarship to Wimbledon School of Art, 1958–62, then sculpture Rome. Carel Weight, who taught at the Royal at Royal College of Art, 1962–6. Won a Sainsbury College during her time there, eventually becoming Award Grant in 1966. From 1966 taught sculpture professor of painting, remained an admirer of at Winchester and West Surrey Colleges of Art and Connie Fenn’s work. Their paintings share a taste Wimbledon School of Art and was a visitor to for eccentric figures. In 1953 Fenn participated in Royal Academy Schools, 1974–6. Arts Council a large international exhibition in Milan. She Major Award in 1976 was among several won. showed with the NEAC, 1958–74, of which she Solo shows included House, 1976; Taranman and was a member, 1969–74, also exhibiting at RA DLI Museum and Arts Centre, Durham, both 1978; Julia FENBY 1968–

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Aspex Gallery, Portsmouth, and Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal, both 1981; and Duncan Campbell Contemporary Art, from 1993. Among many commissions were Saxon Column for Hamwick, Southampton, 1989–90, and Earthworks for Castle Park, Bristol, 1991. In 1994, Fenner was sculptorin-residence at the Bishop’s Palace, St Davids. Arts Council holds her work.

Painter and draughtsman who was by profession a commercial traveller, born in London. He studied art at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art under Harold Brownsword and at Harrow Technical School. Showed RA, NS, RBA and Sussex County Arts Club. Lived in Brighton, Sussex.

Samuel FENTON 1923–

Simon FENTON 1970– Artist in various media, born

in Hertfordshire. He studied at Harlow College, 1987–9, obtained an honours degree at Norfolk School of Art & Design, 1989–92, then attended Brighton University for his master’s degree, 1992– 4. Group exhibitions included Harlow Playhouse, 1989; Black Sheep Gallery, Brighton, 1992; then he in 1993 took part in In Piper’s Footsteps at New Academy Gallery. Among Fenton’s commissioned work was a mural for Harlow College Sports Hall; another for the College Library; and a set and costume design for Mask of the Red Death at Harlow Playhouse.

Barbara FENNICK 1957– Artist educated in America

who graduated in biology from Lafayette College in Easton, 1975–9, attending Rhode Island School of Design, 1976, then gained her master’s at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1980– 3. She studied art history at Heidelberg University, West Germany, 1987–9. Group shows included EMBL, Heidelberg, 1985, and East End Open Studios, with Barbican Arts Group, 1989. In 1986 she had a solo exhibition, Keramic und Kunst, in Heidelberg. Greta FENTON 1932– Landscape and figure painter,

teacher, born London, who studied at Wimbledon College of Arts and Crafts and Central St Martin’s College of Art & Design. She worked in the art department of Condé Nast Publications on Vogue and House and Garden and was an art director for two London advertising agencies. Taught art at Brighton College of Technology. She was an award winner of the International Federation of Art Societies at City of London Guildhall. Showed at Brighton Festival, Guild of Sussex Artists, Hove Museum & Art Gallery and The Grange, Rottingdean. Shared an exhibition at Duncan Campbell Contemporary Art, 1995. Lived in Hove, Sussex.

Painter and draughtsman who graduated with first-class honours in sculpture from Gloucestershire College of Art & Design, 1977–80, gaining her master’s degree from Royal Academy School, 1982–5. She won a Henry Moore Fellowship in 1982 and the Landseer Prize, 1983. Fenwick’s work included an unpredictable sense of colour and uncompromising images. Group exhibitions included Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, 1980; Arts Council touring show of drawings, 1980–1; Birch and Conran from 1987; and BP Portrait Award at National Portrait Gallery, 1994. In 1980 had solo show at Jordan Gallery, with a sculpture show at Ikon. From 1992 showed solo at East West, 10-year retrospective, 2002. Arts Council holds her work. Cathy FENWICK 1955–

Max FENTON 1956– Oil on canvas and installations artist; exhibitions organiser, born in Dundee, Angus. He attended Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art there, 1975–9. Among shows participated in were Interference, Riverside Studios, 1986; Riverside Open, 1987; Anomie, Patent House, and Brick Lane Open, both 1992; and Itself, Transmission Gallery, Glasgow, 1993. Lived in London.

Cyril Lawrence FEREDAY: see Joseph Fereday

Joseph FEREDAY 1917–2001 Artist in oil and acrylic,

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beyond 1976 mainly an etcher and engraver, teacher, born in Dudley, Worcestershire. He studied at Wolverhampton and Birmingham Colleges of Art and the Slade School of Fine Art, 1946–8, in the evenings pursuing wood engraving at the

Central School of Art. Was elected a fellow of RE in 1986, having been made an associate in 1979. Lectured at Portsmouth College of Art and Design, 1948–80. In 1976–8 Fereday conducted two summer schools in printmaking at Hope College, Holland, Michigan. He took part in several shows in Michigan, at Hope College and at Pravna Gallery, Saugatuck; also at RA; Redfern, Piccadilly and Leicester Galleries; and at galleries in the English provinces. Solo shows included Dudley Art Gallery, Wolverhampton Art Gallery, Boldrewood Gallery at Southampton University, Woodstock Gallery and abroad. Plymouth, Bilston and Portsmouth public galleries hold his work. His full name was Cyril Lawrence Joseph Fereday and until election to the RE he was known as Cyril Lawrence Fereday. Lived in Brading, Isle of Wight.

showed at RSW, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, gained a silver medal at Paris Salon in 1961 and a gold medal at Italian Academy in 1980. Public galleries in Glasgow and Paisley hold his work.

Painter in all media, born in Buxton, Derbyshire, who studied at the West of England College of Art, Bristol, and at the Slade School of Fine Art under William Coldstream and William Townsend. Exhibited with LG; Sunday Times Exhibition, first prize, 1957; Leicester Galleries; Singer & Friedlander/Sunday Times Watercolour Competition, 1994; and in South Africa. Arts Council (he took part in its travelling exhibitions), Derbyshire Education Committee, University College London, University College of St Mark and St John in Ferelyth 1916–2005 Sculptor in wood, stone, plastics, Plymouth, and Bristol City Art Gallery hold bronze and resin bronze, and lecturer, born in examples. Lived at Pendeen, Penzance, Cornwall. London, full name Ferelyth Alison Wills. Studied with John Skeaping at Central School of Arts and Malcolm Alastair Percy FERGUSON 1913– Painter, Crafts, 1935–9, then did war service, 1941–5. Was born in Blackwater, Hampshire. He attended a member of Society of Designer-Craftsmen and Portsmouth and Croydon Schools of Art, 1935–8, Petersfield Arts and Crafts Society. She gave and Slade School of Fine Art, 1939 and 1948–51. illustrated talks and demonstrations on sculpture, Was a member of RWA, also exhibiting at RA, RP, animal movement in art and choice of materials. Paris Salon and in the provinces and having solo With Bill Wills she wrote Sculpture in Wood, 1975. shows in Britain and abroad. Completed a number Showed at RA, Crafts Centre of Great Britain of of paintings in churches in South Africa and which she was a member until 1970, Wildlife Zimbabwe. Plymouth City Museum and Art Society exhibitions and elsewhere. Ferelyth retired Gallery holds his work. Lived in North Petherton, as a sculptor in 1990, after leaving her Petersfield Somerset. studio to move to Emsworth. Despite failing Nancy FERGUSON fl. c.1950–1970 Painter and eyesight, she wrote The Antelope Book, privately silversmith, born in Belfast, where she continued published in 1997. This is an entertaining account to live. Studied at Belfast College of Art and of her time at the Central School and of how she showed at RHA and RUA. had become a glider pilot in the late 1950s as well as detailing her life’s work. She died in Chichester, Neil FERGUSON 1955– Painter born in Dunfermline, Sussex, where Pallant House holds her sculpture Fife, who studied at Edinburgh College of Art, Fox and a drawing, Male Dancer, bequeathed in 1973–7, then Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1989 as part of his collection by Charles Kearley. 1978–9. His many group shows included Seven Young Artists at Talbot Rice Art Centre, Edinburgh, Dan FERGUSON 1910– Painter and printmaker, 1977; LG from 1980; Whitechapel Open, 1985; brother of the artist Roy Ferguson, born and lived Celtic Vision, 1986–7, Madrid and European tour, in Motherwell, Lanarkshire. He studied at Glasgow where Ferguson shared the Scottish representation; School of Art after Motherwell’s Dalziel High and Tom Allen Centre retrospective and New Moon School. Became ROI in 1958. Ferguson also John David FERGUSON 1932–

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Group Show, Woodlands Art Gallery, both 1987. Had a solo show at Sir John Cass School of Art, 1985, others including Windsor and Jersey Arts Centres, 1987.

High School for Girls and at the Benedictine Convent School, Dumfries. Chris Fergusson, whose husband David was a Dumfries solicitor, joined the Glasgow Society of Lady Artists in 1925 and won its Lauder Award 1933–38–54. She became a member of the SSA in 1928 and joined the SSWA. Was a prolific exhibitor at Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, also showing at RSA, RSW, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, RA and elsewhere.

Roy FERGUSON 1907–1981 Watercolourist, caricaturist, teacher and writer, born in Motherwell, Lanarkshire, where he settled. He was the brother of the painter Dan Ferguson. Studied at Glasgow School of Art and taught at Dalziel High School for over 25 years. Showed at RA, NEAC, RBA, RSW of which he was a member, RSA, on the continent – including Paris Salon, where he gained a silver medal – and in Canada. Glasgow Museums and Art Galleries and the corporation in Newport, Wales, hold his work. Ferguson was a caricaturist for the Scottish Sunday Express, contributed nature notes to The Scotsman and wrote poetry, a collection being published by The Motherwell Times in 1972. His caricatures were signed eff.

Painter, born in Paisley, Renfrewshire, where at school he came under the influence of Alex MacPherson, eventually notable as a watercolourist. During World War II, as a staff captain with Southern Command, Bill Ferguson wrote and designed tank training manuals. After teaching at Dufftown, Blairgowrie, Perth Academy and as rector of Knox Academy, Haddington, Ferguson developed his own painting style, his favourite painting haunts being the Isle of Coll, East Lothian, Northumberland and Venice. Ferguson had a string of solo shows, The Torrance Gallery, Edinburgh, giving him a memorial exhibition in 2002. He bequeathed some of the proceeds of that show to St Mary’s, Haddington, where he was a kirk elder for 45 years and a member of the restoration committee. Ferguson was also an art correspondent for The Times Educational Supplement. William FERGUSON 1913–1999

Landscape painter and teacher, born in Dumfries, Dumfriesshire, who attended the Crystal Palace School of Art, and Glasgow School of Art, 1901– 8, gaining two travelling scholarships. Taught at the School of Art and was art mistress at Glasgow

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor and writer, born in Leith, Midlothian. Although he matriculated in medicine at Edinburgh University, Fergusson opted to become an artist, inspired by Glasgow painters. From the mid-1890s Fergusson began to travel on the continent, studying at Atelier Colarossi, in Paris. From 1907 until World War II Fergusson settled in the French capital, began to paint in the Fauve manner, was befriended by the painter Dunoyer de Segonzac and began to sculpt in a Cubist style. In 1911 he was appointed visual arts editor of Rhythm magazine, a time when his own work was inspired by vital contemporary dance music. He had had a first one-man show at the Baillie Gallery in London in 1905, and as well as showing in France he had four works in the Post-Impressionist and Futurist Exhibition at the Doré Galleries in London in 1913. In that year he met his wife, the dancer Margaret Morris, who was in 1974 to publish The Art of J D Fergusson. After they settled in Scotland in 1939 Fergusson was a foundermember of the New Art Club a year later. From this emerged the New Scottish Group in 1942 and a revitalisation of the Scottish art scene. He was art editor of Scottish Art and Letters and author of Modern Scottish Painting in 1943, his first retrospective show opening in Glasgow in 1948. Fergusson died in Glasgow. Shortly after, a memorial exhibition was held, Arts Council, RSA and touring. Fergusson will always be remembered as a vibrant Colourist and incisive draughtsman whose luscious depiction of French countryside, life and character and whose sensuous nudes are unmistakable. The Fergusson Gallery, Perth, was John Duncan FERGUSSON 1874–1961

Christian Jane FERGUSSON 1876–1957

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set up to honour his work. Its touring exhibition of Fergusson’s work, Living Paint: A Scottish Colourist, was shown by The Fleming Collection in 2005. In 2004, the Fine Art Society organised J D Fergusson in France, paintings from private collections, and Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal, showed his work.

Cheshire; School for the Mentally Handicapped, Northwich; Manchester Polytechnic; and Belfast School of Fashion and Textiles. Took part in many group shows in Britain and America, including Commonwealth Institute, 1972; RA, 1978; MAFA 1981; and Tennessee State Museum, 1982. Had a solo show at Covent Garden Gallery, 1973, others including Bretton Hall, Yorkshire, 1978, and Georgina FERMER 1943– Painter and teacher, born Woodlands Art Gallery, 1983. Lived in America. in London, whose abstract oils on canvas and paper collages developed ideas from her student years Roberto Gonzalez FERNANDEZ 1948– Artist, born in at Hornsey College of Art before London Monforte de Lemos, Spain, who studied fine arts University Institute of Education, 1960–5. at Escuela Superior de Bellas Artes de San Hornsey’s notable staff and visiting artists from Fernando, Madrid, 1969–74, living in Edinburgh whose teaching she benefited included Jesse Cast, from 1977. In 1983 he was included in Scottish John Flavin, Richard Fozard, Alan Green, Bridget Print Open Three, organised by Dundee Riley, Richard Robbins, David Tindle, John Printmakers’ Workshop. Pallant House Gallery, Titchell and Marc Vaux. Fermer taught school, Chichester, holds a collection of his work. adult education and HM Prison classes. She participated in Dorset Open Studios and in group Kenneth FERNÉE 1926–1983 Landscape painter and exhibitions, later ones including Dorset Museum, teacher, born in London, who painted oils of Dorchester, 1997; White Gallery in Brighton and Dartmoor, the rocky drops to the sea of the in the Women’s International Exchange Exhibition southwest coastline, beaches and the Welsh hills. Northcurrent in London, Sweden and Germany, Ken Fernée was especially fond of landscape where both 1998; Metamorphosis, European its basic structure appears through the delicate and Contemporary Art, Highcliffe Castle, Dorset, 2000; vulnerable surface. He took part in a mixed show Maltby Gallery, Winchester, 2001; and in 2002–3 with Anthony Barson and Jack Wright at the AIA at venues including Sherborne Contemporary Art in 1956; in mixed shows at John Whibley Gallery, and Bettles Gallery, Ringwood. Among her solo its Three Painters Group in 1969 and had a solo exhibitions were Gallery Mascotte, Basel, show there in 1971, when he was head of art in a Switzerland, 1970; Century Gallery, Henley-on- Devon comprehensive school; also having a oneThames, 1982; Design Centre, Haymarket, 1984; man at The Hambledon Gallery, Blandford, in Trinity Arts Festival, Cookham, 1992; Heifer 1980. The painter Alan Cotton, an admirer of Gallery, 1995 and 2003; Cranbourne Gallery, Fernée’s work, helped organise a memorial show Dorset, 1996; Red House Museum, Christchurch, at the University of Exeter in 1984, the year that 1997; and Arts Institute, Bournemouth University, the University acquired an oil on board, entitled Dartmoor, Stone Row. 1999. Lived in Piddletrenthide, Dorset.

in various media, noted for textural reliefs, and teacher, born in Nairobi, Kenya. She studied at Sir John Cass College, 1967–8, then Manchester College of Art and Design, 1968–71 and 1975–6. Gained a number of awards, including British Council, 1981, and Embroiderers’ Association of Canada, Toronto, 1982. Held many teaching posts, including Ulster Polytechnic; HM Styal Prison,

Sculptor, born in Nottinghamshire, who attended Jacob Kramer College of Art, Leeds, in 1980–1, then St Martin’s School of Art, 1981–3. Took part in Kornarija Symposium of Sculpture, Yugoslavia, 1982, and in Have You Seen Sculpture from the Body? at Woodlands Art Gallery, 1983. Martin FERRABEE 1957–

Maria-Theresa FERNANDES fl. from 1970s– Artist

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Brian FERRAN 1940–

Painter, administrator and

teacher, born in Londonderry, Northern Ireland. He studied at St Joseph’s College of Education, 1959–62, then St Mary’s College of Education, 1962–3, both in Belfast, then taught art, 1963–6. Obtained an honours degree in art history from Courtauld Institute and a postgraduate diploma in business administration from Queen’s University, Belfast. In 1970–1 Ferran spent a year at Brera Academy of Fine Art, Milan, Italy. From 1966 he was on the staff of the Arts Council of Northern Ireland, becoming director. He served on many committees and boards and was a member of RUA. Posters, murals and films were among his special interests. The Irish Times critic Brian Fallon described his work as “often poetically suggestive rather than explicit”. Took part in many group shows in Ireland and abroad, solo exhibitions including David Hendriks Gallery, Dublin; New and Tom Caldwell Galleries, Belfast; Queen’s University, Belfast; University of Durham; and a series in America, including University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 1992. In 1989 Ferran completed three large stained glass windows for a church at St Patrick’s College, Maghera, and in 1990 a mural at the entrance of St Columb’s College, Londonderry. Arts Council of Northern Ireland, Ulster Museum, Gordon Lambert Collection, Queen’s University and many other Irish collections hold examples. Lived in Belfast.

Denise FERRAN 1942– Art educationist, historian, writer and painter of landscapes, born in Northern Ireland. She studied in Belfast at St Mary’s College of Education and at Queen’s University, then at the Courtauld Institute, London, and at Trinity College, Dublin. Ferran combined educational and cultural institution work in Belfast and abroad with her own private artistic output. Became art and design education officer at the Ulster Museum, Belfast. Had many solo and group exhibitions including RUA, Society of Ulster Women Artists, the Oireachtas at Trinity College, RHA and the Municipal Gallery of Modern Art, Dublin. Her 1999 self-portrait, in the collection of the National Self-Portrait Collection of Ireland, University of Limerick, alludes to her researches on the painter

William Leech; National Gallery of Ireland published Ferran’s book William John Leech: An Irish Painter Abroad in 1996. Ferran’s acrylic Towards Carndonagh was included in Landscapes North and South, Glebe House and Gallery, Donegal, and tour, 1997–8.

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Ginger FERRELL 1944– Stained glass artist and teacher, born in Cleveland, Ohio, America, moved to St Petersburg, Florida, from 1951. From 1965– 81 Ferrell was engaged in visual merchandising. She studied fine art photography at Florida State University, 1970–3; graduated from the University of South Florida in mass communication, 1976; was engaged in a workshop with Ludwig Schaffrath, at Deland, 1980; and involved in Illuminations, a stained glass co-operative, at Tampa, 1981–3. After moving to London in 1983 Ferrell worked with Stained Glass Supplies, 1983– 5; Goddard & Gibbs Stained Glass Studio, 1985– 7; The London Door Company, 1988–92; and took part in a design seminar with Johannes Schreiter at Swansea Institute, 1993. In 1992 she became self-employed, latterly with a studio at Deptford in southeast London. From 1987 she also taught a range of courses around Britain, among them drawing at the City Lit, Blackheath School of Art and the Prince’s Drawing School. Ferrell was a member of the Women’s International Stained Glass Workshop (WISGW) from 1993 and an associate of the British Society of Master Glass Painters (BSMGP) from 1997. She won an Artists in Schools Award, Central St Martin’s School of Design, in 2001. Ferrell’s work was influence by “The Japanese feeling towards nature. The underlying symbolism of their decorative work.” Group shows (among them WISGW and BSMGP) included Layers of Experience, Park Gallery, Tokyo, Japan, 1995; Clerkenwell Green Association, from 1995; Traces of Travel, Crawford Municipal Art Gallery, and London Glass Art Gallery, both 1997; Exhibition, Golden, Colorado, 2000; Glass with Altitude, Auckland, New Zealand, 2002; Spirit of Place, Toronto, Canada, 2004; and 30cm2, Cochrane Gallery and tour, 2004–5. Northlands Creative Glass, Lybster,

Caithness, holds Ferrell’s work.

director of the Curwen Print Study Centre, Cambridge; head of fine art at Winchester School of Art; and a visiting professor at Long Island University, New York. He received Arts and Humanities Research Board funding in 2000–01 and was a Pollock-Krasner grant winner in 2002. The Art Insitute of Chicago, the Polish Book Museum in Łódź and public galleries in Blackpool and Maidstone hold Ferry’s work.

Moira FERRIER 1939– Watercolourist who was born in Glen Lethnot, Angus, into a farming family. After Brechin High School she attended Gray’s School of Art, Aberdeen, her teachers including David Michie, Ian Fleming and Robert Henderson Blyth, gaining her diploma in 1961. Ferrier was a regular exhibitor at RSW, of which she became a member in 1979, and she had a series of solo exhibitions, including Ancrum Gallery, Ancrum, 1991. Lived for a time at Strathdon, Aberdeenshire. Edori FERTIG 1957– Painter, printmaker and teacher, born in New York City. Studied at David Dawson FERRY 1957– Painter, printmaker, Massachusetts College of Art, Boston, 1980–2, artist in mixed media and teacher, born in after a design course at Rhode Island School of Blackpool, Lancashire. Ferry did foundation Design, Providence, 1975–9. Showed widely in studies in fine art at Blackpool College of Higher group shows on America’s east coast, then in and Further Education, 1974–6; he gained a first- London at Diorama Arts Centre, 1986, and Morley class honours degree at Camberwell School of Arts Printmakers at Morley Gallery, 1989. In 1990 she and Crafts, 1976–9, with a commendation in shared a three-man exhibition at Woodlands Art printmaking, Agathe Sorel being a notable teacher; Gallery. Taught at American Community School then did postgraduate studies in printmaking at in Surrey. Slade School of Fine Art, 1979–81, notably under Mario Dubsky. In 1981–2 did extended studies Andrew FESTING 1941– Self-taught portrait painter, certificate in printmaking at Camberwell. Ferry born in Chalford, Gloucestershire, who lived in held a number of teaching posts. In 1991 he was London and Northumberland for many years. He appointed senior lecturer in fine art at Kent Institute attended Ampleforth College, where his art teacher of Art & Design, Canterbury, also visiting lecturer was the sculptor John Bunting. His father was at Fachhochschule Design, Düsseldorf. His Field-Marshal Sir Francis Festing and he was also Painting Without A Brush was published in 1991, a soldier, 1960–8. He worked at Sotheby’s, 1968– the year he was commissioned by British Nuclear 81, being director of the English picture Electric to produce a picture of Sizewell B Power department, 1971–81, then took up painting fullStation. Group exhibitions included 2nd National time. Showed annually with RP from 1981, Exhibition of Modern British Prints, Grundy Art becoming a member in 1989, in 2000 being Gallery, Blackpool, 1981; RA Summer appointed vice-president, in 2002 president. Exhibitions, from 1985; Five Contemporary Painted portraits of many well-known people, Printmakers, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, including HM Queen Elizabeth II and other and tour, 1987; and Volcanic Landscapes, members of the royal family. The Royal Collection, Boundary Gallery, 1991. Later solo shows included National Portrait Gallery, House of Lords, House Roe and Moore Rare Books, 2003. At that, Ferry of Commons, Marylebone Cricket Club at Lord’s showed new prints and artist’s books “from an and National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin, hold ongoing defilement of popular tourist literature, examples. Festing’s recreations were hunting, entitled Some Aspects of Our National Heritage… shooting, fishing and gardening; his portrait of the a small library, and a new suite of lithographs Northumbrian huntsman Owen Balding was depicting early English historical sites including included in the RP exhibitions People’s Portraits, Stonehenge, Corfe Castle and The Long Man of which toured in 2000–1, including DLI Museum Wilmington.” At that time Ferry was artistic & Art Gallery, Durham. As well as maintaining a 33

studio in London, Festing lived at Colwell, near autobiography ffundamental ffolkes, 1985. Balliol Hexham, Northumberland, for many years. College, Oxford, contains a set of commissioned caricatures of eminent dons by him. Retrospective Elsie FEW 1909–1980 Painter in oil, artist in collage at The Cartoon Art Museum, 2003. and teacher, brought up in Jamaica. She studied at the Slade School of Fine Art, in Paris and at the Charles FFOULKES 1868–1947 Museum curator, Bartlett School of Architecture. Married the artist writer and painter, born in London, who studied Claude Rogers in 1937 and became associated with at Oxford University, and in Paris including lessons the Euston Road School, participating in the Euston from Carolus Duran. He became an expert on Road exhibition at Wakefield City Art Gallery in armoury, for many years curator of armouries at 1948. She exhibited in London, later shows the Tower of London, from 1917–33 curator at including Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1973, and Imperial War Museum. He lectured at Oxford Christopher Hull’s Annexe Gallery, Wimbledon, University and wrote a series of books, including in 1979. In 1981, there was a memorial exhibition The Armourer and his Craft. Showed at RA, RBA, at Bury St Edmunds Art Gallery, which included Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and at Paris Salon. sensitive landscapes from the Euston Road period Lived finally in Oxford. and abstract collages, which she had begun to create in 1968 shortly before a stroke and partial paralysis. Terry FFYFFE 1957– Figurative artist, born in For a time she was a member of LG and RWA and Melbourne, who studied there at Praluan College was senior lecturer and head of the art department of Art, 1975–7, then travelled extensively through at Gipsy Hill Training College. Victoria & Albert Australia, in 1979 spending time painting with the Museum and Arts Council bought her work. Lived Aborigines of Millingimbi Island, Darwin. Won a for some years at Somerton, Suffolk. In 2002, the first prize, Discerning Eye, 1995, and a Lady Belgrave Gallery held a joint Rogers and Few Cholmondeley Prize, Eastern Open, 1997. Mixed shows included Christian Art, Crypt Gallery, 1994, show. and Erotica, The Erotica Gallery, Olympia, 1997. Michael FFOLKES 1925–1988 Cartoonist, illustrator There were solo exhibitions at Alternative Arts, and writer, born and lived in London, his real name 1993, and Studio Secrets, Lamont Gallery, 1998, was Brian Davis and he was the son of commercial with further shows including 2004. artist Walter Davis. He chose his pseudonym out of Burke’s Peerage, and it suited his quirky, Elizabeth FIDDAMAN 1911– Painter, mural artist, flamboyant, irreverent personality. ffolkes was printmaker and teacher; her father was an architect, educated at Leigh Hall College, Essex, then St William Fiddaman. She was educated in Coulsdon, Martin’s School of Art, 1943, under John Farleigh. Surrey, and continued to live in that locality, latterly After Royal Naval service he was at Chelsea School at Sanderstead. She studied at Croydon Art School, of Art, 1946–9, with Ceri Richards and Robert her teachers including Kenneth Holmes and Medley. After graduation for seven years ffolkes Maurice Wheatley, 1930–4, then at the Royal freelanced; his work was to appear in Punch, College of Art, 1934–7. During the war she was Playboy, Reader’s Digest, Private Eye and the New engaged in camouflage work for Ministry of Home Yorker. He created characters in the Daily Security for five years, then taught part-time at Telegraph’s Peter Simple satirical column and Croydon and Sutton Schools of Art. Exhibited RA. illustrated over 50 books, including Claud Nic Fiddian-GREEN 1963– Sculptor and Cockburn’s Aspects of English History and the draughtsman, notable for his studies of horses’ Folio Society edition of Anita Loos’ Gentlemen heads, heads of Christ and romantic landscapes in Prefer Blondes. His own publications included charcoal. Fiddian-Green gained a foundation How to Draw Cartoons, 1963; ffolkes’ Companion diploma at Chelsea College of Art; an honours to the Pop Scene, 1977; and his picture 34

degree in sculpture at Wimbledon College of Art; then a diploma in lost-wax bronze casting at Central St Martins College of Art. He was married to the potter Henrietta Hutley. For the first two years they lived on the island of Gozo, where he established the first foundry, and from the early 1990s he worked on commissions for the cathedral and Capuchin monastery there. Fiddian-Green showed widely in Malta and London, where in 1997 he participated in a mixed show at the Sladmore Gallery and had a solo exhibition at Air Gallery. Walton Contemporary Art, Melitensia Gallery near Valletta, Glyndebourne Opera House and the Hannah Peschar Gallery & Sculpture Garden at Ockley had work on permanent exhibition. Fiddian-Green cast pieces at his foundry in a barn adjoining his cottage at Bramley, Surrey; he worked mainly in bronze, also in lead, marble, copper and clay.

shops and became a full-time artist, experimenting with various styles and other media such as abstraction and sculpture. From the late 1950s he showed at the Drian Gallery and with the Free Painters and Sculptors, of which he was a fellow, being in its First Two Decades 1952–72 show in 1989. Solo exhibitions also included Lundsbjerg Art Gallery, Denmark, 1961. The landscape around Barkway, Hertfordshire, where he settled in the 1960s, converting three cottages into a single, thatched, sixteenth-century house, was an important influence on Fidler’s work. He completed commissions for public buildings in Hertfordshire, including two ceramic murals for the Civic Centre in St Albans. He was an active member of Harlow Playhouse Gallery, where he became friendly with Henry Moore. Leicestershire Education Authority and the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, hold his work, which was shown by The Harlequin Gallery in 2004.

Constance Louise FIDLER 1904– Portrait painter and teacher. She was educated at Wigan Girls’ High School, then attended Liverpool City School of Art, under George Marples, and Royal College of Art under William Rothenstein. After studying to teach she held a series of art teaching posts, latterly in the Southport and Liverpool area, where she was associated with the Boys’ Clubs movement. Exhibited NEAC, RBA and had one-man shows in Birmingham and Liverpool, where the City Libraries bought her work. Member of Sandon Studios Society and Liverpool Academy. Lived at Freshfield, near Liverpool.

Self-taught artist, born into a family of flower growers in north London at Edmonton. He showed an early talent for drawing, but was given no encouragement. Fidler was involved in the business after school and during holidays from early childhood, an experience which he said gave him his first sense of colour values. After becoming a nurseryman at Hoddesdon, he started a successful greengrocery at Waltham Cross, taking up painting, mainly flower studies, in 1947, working well into the night. Having sold his pictures and had encouragement from other painters, in 1954 he disposed of his two

Dick FIELD 1912– Painter, draughtsman and teacher,

born in Winson, Gloucestershire, who was married to the artist Molly Field. Studied at Cheltenham School of Art under Gerald Gardiner and the Royal College of Art with Gilbert Spencer. Taught at Dewsbury School of Art, Yorkshire. He exhibited RA and widely in the provinces. Lived in Wakefield, Yorkshire. Dorothie FIELD 1915–1994 Painter, draughtsman, art

Frank FIDLER 1910–1995

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promoter and teacher, born in London, who sometimes signed work Dorothie Langridge. She studied at Highbury Hill School (with Nan Youngman), 1927–31; Chelsea School of Art (teachers including Henry Moore), 1931–2; Nottingham School of Art, 1933–6; and Birmingham University, for a social services diploma, 1941–2. Despite two marriages and having children, she continued to paint, in a variety of styles. Field was a full-time artists’ consultant and freelance exhibitions organiser from 1964, founding the Gallery 359 and Field Galleries. Coal mining, war and peace, the origins of life and death and environmental problems were key themes, pursued over long periods. She was represented in

group shows organised by the Arts Council, SEA, AIA and Pictures for Schools. Had numerous solo shows, starting with Wertheim Gallery, 1937, with a retrospective at Nottingham University, 1990; and exhibitions at Manor House, Ilkley, 1992; Usher Gallery, Lincoln, 1994; and Rufford Craft Centre, 1995. Bradford University and other public collections hold examples.

Patricia FIELD 1926– Mural painter and illustrator,

born in Hull, Yorkshire. Attended Malvern College for Girls, then Manchester School of Art, 1945–8, under Ian Grant. Exhibited Festival of Britain and in Yorkshire, where she lived at Hessle.

Peter L FIELD 1920– Painter, modeller, printmaker

and teacher, born in Winson, Gloucestershire. He studied at Cheltenham School of Art, 1937–9, with A Seaton-White, then at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1946–9, under Clive Gardiner. After teaching in Paignton and Swindon he went to Birmingham, retiring in 1982 as head of the art and design faculty at City of Birmingham Polytechnic. Showed at RA and in the provinces and Swindon Museum & Art Gallery holds his work. Lived in Bournville, Birmingham.

Artist and teacher, born in Ipswich, Suffolk, who gained his master’s in visual art at Lancaster University, 1981–4, then a doctorate there, 1991–8, his thesis being on the late abstraction of Gerhard Richter. During that time he lectured at Suffolk College, later moving to America to teach at Savannah College of Art and Design, Georgia. Exhibited in France, Germany, Italy, Belgium and Canada and regularly in East Anglia. In 2000, his solo exhibition Maxwell’s Demon at Christchurch Mansion, Ipswich, which used black rubber and pins to form images of his lover Yuka Hasegawa, suggested constellations of stars or molecules in flux. Jonathan FIELD 1963–

Watercolourist and teacher, born in London. He studied at St Martin’s School of Art and at the Royal College of Art, his teachers including Gilbert Spencer and William Rothenstein. Taught for London County Council from 1934, until World War II followed by periods Molly FIELD 1912– Painter, born in Keighley, at Reimann and Bath Schools of Art. After wartime Yorkshire, who originally worked under the name service lecturing on art to servicemen and as an of Molly Clapham. Married the artist and teacher official war artist Field taught at Gravesend School Dick Field. After Keighley Girls’ Grammar School of Art and Borough Polytechnic before moving to attended Leeds College of Art, 1932–3, then Royal South Africa until 1958 where he lectured at College of Art, 1934–8, with Ernest Tristram. Witwatersrand Technical College and was from Showed at RA, WIAC and the Art Gallery, 1954–8 a senior lecturer and then head of the Port Elizabeth Technical College. While there he had Wakefield, the Yorkshire town where she lived. several solo shows. In 1958 Field emigrated to Natalie FIELD 1898–1977 Painter and miniaturist, Australia. born in London, but resident in South Africa from the year of her birth. She studied at Slade School Steve FIELD 1954– Artist in acrylic, true fresco, of Fine Art, 1916–22, where her teachers included mixed media and sculpture, including bronze, steel Henry Tonks, Frederick Brown and Philip Wilson and concrete. He was born in Saltash, Cornwall, Steer, and at the Westminster School of Art under graduating from Sheffield University and gaining Walter Sickert. Returning to South Africa, she lived his master’s degree in fine art from Wolverhampton at Umkomaas, Natal, and took part in group Polytechnic, 1981–4, teachers including Malcolm exhibitions and had many solo shows. She was a Hughes, Knighton Hosking and Graham Cooper. member of the South African Society of Artists Field was a joint research fellow at Wolverhampton and just before World War II helped found the Polytechnic, 1981–4; was a member of the West Transvaal Art Society, of which early on she was Midlands Public Art Collective, 1985–8; from 1989 president. South African National Gallery, Cape being artist-in-residence for Dudley. In 1992 he won a Royal Society of Arts Art for Architecture Town, holds her work. Stanley FIELD 1908–

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Award. Was a member of LG, Midlands Group, Art and Architecture and the Birmingham Art Trust. Field’s murals were influenced by the artists Edward Wadsworth and Percy Wyndham Lewis, his sculptural works by organic, especially spiral, forms, as in his Thomas Attwood memorial at Halesowen. He shared a show at Wolverhampton Polytechnic, 1984, also being featured at Ikon Gallery, Birmingham. Lived in Leamington Spa, Warwickshire.

Conceptual and Constructivist phases to a more hard-edge, post-Pop figuration. After he had visited America for the first time in 1968, Fields said that “my perspective on life was never the same.” By the mid-1970s his work included many elements that were later defined as Post-Modernism. In 1983 in Tokyo, sponsored by the Shiseido Corporation, a gallery was created especially for his show, and the artist and his work were simultaneously featured in a television, billboard and subway advertising campaign throughout the country. In London Fields lived in a flat that reflected the 1950s–1960s, wore makeup and a Teddy Boy haircut. Mixed shows included Fashion and Surrealism, Victoria & Albert Museum, 1988. Had a solo show at Hamet Gallery, 1971, later ones including Albermarle Gallery, 1987, and Rempire Gallery, New York, 1990. Shared an exhibition with Andrew Logan at A&D Gallery, 2002; had a solo exhibition at Zimmer Stewart Gallery, Arundel, 2003; another, Digital Age, at A&D Gallery, 2004. Arts Council holds his work, which had wide international press and television documentary coverage.

Brian FIELDING 1933–1987 Painter and teacher, born

in Sheffield, Yorkshire, where he attended the local College of Art, 1950–4, then Royal College of Art, 1954–7. He gained an Abbey Minor Travelling Scholarship in 1958. Although he had a one-man show at Rowan Gallery in 1962 and again in 1964, Fielding’s work was rather neglected by the dealers. His works, influenced by Zen Buddhism, were highly regarded by his peers. Fielding was an influential teacher at Ravensbourne College of Art and Design from 1962. He was included in the Survey of Abstract Painters at Camden Arts Centre in 1967 and had several more solo exhibitions before gaining a retrospective at Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, and tour, 1986. In 1995 David Holmes Contemporary Art, Peterborough, reviewed Fielding’s output. Arts Council and Royal College of Art hold examples. Lived in London.

Jim FIELDING 1962– Painter, illustrator and maker of mixed-media constructions. He studied at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts and Royal College of Art. Showed at Royal College as well as Cartoonists Gallery, Coliseum Theatre, Royal Festival Hall, Gardner Arts Centre in Brighton and England & Co, where his Locomotive was included in the 1991 show Art in Boxes.

Duggie FIELDS 1945– Painter in acrylic on canvas, born in Salisbury, Wiltshire, brought up in Tidworth, who attended Chelsea School of Art, 1964–8, after briefly studying architecture at Regent Street Polytechnic. Teachers included John Hoyland, Ian Stephenson, Lawrence Gowing, Allen Jones, Patrick Caulfield and Bernard Cohen. As a student his work moved from Minimal,

Painter, born in Annapolis, Maryland, America, married to the artist Mark Hutchinson. She grew up in Cambridge, England, doing a foundation course in art and design at the College of Art & Technology there, 1982–3; graduated with honours from Camberwell School of Arts, 1983–6; studying drawing and painting with Maggi Hambling at Morley College, 1986. Fields lived in New York, 1987–91, and in Los Angeles from 1991–8, from 1992–6. She was personal assistant to the film director John Dahl, then returned to England, based in London. Notable exhibitions included solo show, Source, The Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, 2000; Space SE1 Gallery, 2001; Fusion, Spring Break and Stars of the East, Britart, and solo show, Saatchi & Saatchi, both 2002; and Selfridges, window installation, and solo show, Michael Naimski Gallery, both 2003. Bank of New York, London; Nanoscience Centre, Cambridge; Mackenzie Editorial, New York; Smith & Nephew,

Lis FIELDS 1963–

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Huntingdon; and Instant Genetics, Paolo Alto, were among many corporate collections holding works.

properties. They raised seven children, including a foster-child, among them the actors Ralph and Joseph Fiennes. An unhappy childhood spurred Ray FIELDS 1930– Graphic designer and film-maker Jini to give out to people, her intense spirituality who from 1960 was employed as a full-time teacher evident in her books and pictures. After an unhappy of graphic design after studying in various schools. convent schooling she left home, worked as underHe went on to become senior lecturer in the faculty matron in a preparatory school and at 23 published of art and design at Liverpool Polytechnic. Fields’ her first novel, The Burial, to critical acclaim. Her films were shown at ICA in London and widely in last novel, Blood Ties, published posthumously in the north of England. Showed from 1954 with 1997, was featured in a BBC2 Television Liverpool Academy, with RCamA of which he was programme, in The Works series, that year. Jini, president and elsewhere. Solo exhibitions included who worked in gouache, charcoal and oil, attended Rushworth Gallery, Liverpool. Farnham Art School, 1954, and Byam Shaw School of Art, 1982. Took part in a group show at Penwith Celia FIENNES 1902–1998 Wood engraver and painter, a direct descendant of Celia Fiennes the Gallery, St Ives, in 1985; also had solo exhibitions seventeenth- century traveller. She was the last in Suffolk at Halesworth and Westleton Chapel survivor of the group of engravers chosen by Galleries, both 1987, and in London’s Holland Robert Gibbings to illustrated Golden Cockerel Gallery, 1988. In 1986, she developed cancer and Press books between the wars. For him she embarked on a tour, on foot and with a backpack, illustrated Aesop’s Fables, 1926, and would have of the holy sites of France and Spain, the book On added Nicholas Breton’s Twelve Months but Pilgrimage appearing in 1991. Died in Odstock, meningitis meant that Eric Ravilious had to do it. Wiltshire. Celia, also known as Molly, Fiennes studied with Susannah FIENNES 1961– Painter and teacher who Noel Rooke at the Central School of Arts and Crafts was born and continued to work in London. She from 1924; he found her work with the Arts and attended Slade School of Fine Art, 1979–83, Crafts Exhibition Society, organising exhibitions; obtaining a first-class honours degree. In 1983 she and she married him in 1932. Rooke produced won a Boise Travel Scholarship to Italy, the year some sensitive studies of his much younger wife. following gaining an RA British Institution Fund Her absorption into the Arts and Crafts movement Award. Taught art and history of art at Dulwich was deepened when she moved into the Rooke College part-time, 1985–7, then conducted a family home in Bedford Park, for several years private drawing class. Fiennes showed in Christie’s living with her father-in-law Thomas Matthews Pick of Graduate Art in 1983, two years later Rooke, who had been associated with Edward appearing in a watercolour show at Alpine Gallery. Burne-Jones, William Morris and John Ruskin. In Other mixed exhibitions included Agnew Young 1960 Celia moved to Culworth, Oxfordshire, where Contemporaries in 1988 and John Player Portrait she resumed her own work, occasionally acting as Award in 1989. In 1990 Fiennes shared a show at a guide for the family seat, Broughton Castle, Cadogan Contemporary, having a solo exhibition Banbury. there in 1992 and one of Oman and Uzbekistan pictures at Grosvenor Gallery, 1999.

Jini FIENNES 1938–1993 Writer and painter, born in

Chichester, Sussex (her unmarried name was Jennifer Lash, which she used for some of her books), her father Brigadier Hal Lash, of the Indian Army. She married farmer-turned-photographer Mark Fiennes, with whom she led a nomadic life in England and Ireland, renovating many

Fiennes-FOSTER 1918– Painter whose married name

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was Barbara Otley. She studied painting in early 1960s with Kristin Berge, a student of Oskar Kokoschka. Became a member of Free Painters and Sculptors in 1964, also belonging to Chichester and Downland Art Societies and other Sussex

groups. Showed also at Chenil and Mall Galleries. and curator for its predecessor, Pomeroy Purdy Lived in Rustington, Sussex. Gallery, 1989–92); and Towards An Abstraction, David Holmes Contemporary Art, Peterborough, Denis FILDES 1889–1974 Painter, born in London, 1995–6. Had a solo show at City Museum, son of the Victorian narrative artist Sir Luke Fildes. Peterborough, 1983, later ones including Purdy He was educated at Stone House, Broadstairs, and Hicks, 1994, and David Holmes, 1995. Lived in at HMS Britannia and became a professional sailor, Senlis, France. attaining the rank of commander. He was badly injured and burned when the HMS Natal was Patricia FINCH 1921–2001 Sculptor of figurative blown up at Cromarty in 1915. Invalided out, he works in clay, teacher, born and lived in London. turned to painting for a living. Early on he produced She was the daughter of a doctor and studied flower pictures and seascapes but, failing to find medicine, including two years’ anatomy at King’s a market, concentrated on portraits. Fildes College and West London Hospital, her ambition considered his finest examples were HM Queen “to be a plastic surgeon or a sculptor”. Studied art Elizabeth II at the Royal Air Force Club; Field- at the Hampstead Institute, 1953–7, and taught Marshal Lord Montgomery, at St Paul’s School, dancing part-time. Finch received her first portrait Barnes; and Sir Edmund Hillary, conqueror of commission in 1958. Was elected to SWA, SPS, Everest. The large double portrait of The Queen Society of Numismatic Artists and Designers, Art and Duke of Edinburgh at the Royal Naval College, Workers’ Guild and Contemporary Portrait Society Greenwich, is stiffer and less successful; Fildes and became a fellow of RBS in 1990. She was a was an uneven painter. He was a member of the demonstrator to the Tate Gallery Summer Course United Services Club and exhibited at Walker’s in Sculpture, 1983, and tutor to the Hulton Studio Galleries, RA, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool for the Visually Handicapped, 1986–90. Showed and elsewhere. For many years he was curator of at RA and had exhibitions in London and widely the Antrobus family museum at Amesbury, abroad, including a solo show with the Foreign Wiltshire, but health in 1973 forced him to give Press Association, 1999. Royal Academy of up residency there, and he had a bungalow built Dancing holds her commemorative medal of Dame nearby. The Imperial War Museum has Fildes’ Margot Fonteyn, and Bank of England Museum, Royal Academy of Music and Poetry Society also archive. hold her work. One of Finch’s daughters was the Michael FINCH 1957– Artist and teacher, born in musician and broadcaster Lucie Skeaping. London, who graduated in fine art from Ravensbourne College of Art, 1976–80, obtaining Richard Henry Carew FINCH 1908–1985 Landscape his master’s at Royal College of Art, 1982–6. Won painter in oil. Born in London, Finch studied at the Wiggins Teape Award, 1976; Milner Kite the Bartlett School of Architecture, 1928–33, and Award, 1982; Burston and Unilever Awards and for a time practised as an architect. He then studied Unilever Purchase Prize, all 1985. As well as a art at the Grosvenor School of Modern Art. number of visiting lectureships, including Exhibited at the RHA and elsewhere in Dublin, Ravensbourne, Wimbledon and St Albans Schools where he lived, signing his work C F or Carew of Art and Kent Institute of Art & Design, Finch Finch. Finch wrote a number of pamphlets on taught at Richmond College, London, 1988–91, aspects of architecture and is remembered as “a and from 1994 at Parsons School of Art, in Paris. quiet, unassuming gentleman of a very charitable Showed at Northern Young Contemporaries, disposition”. Manchester, 1978; Peter de Francia and Artists Who Studied Under Him, Camden Arts Centre, Roger FINCH 1924–1989 Painter, teacher and 1987; Economist Building Gallery, 1993; Credo, illustrator, notable for seascapes of English east1994, at Purdy Hicks (he had been co-ordinator coast barges, born in Harrow, Middlesex. After 39

service in the Fleet Air Arm and qualification as an art teacher, Finch moved to Ipswich, Suffolk, in 1948, teaching in several local schools. His detailed knowledge of boats and the sea enabled him to illustrate marine books as well as make accurate portraits of Thames spritsail barges. Shared a show with Roger Hollis at Haste Gallery, Ipswich, in 1959, and was included in its fortieth anniversary show in 1998.

painting is a purely visual experience…and should speak for itself…. Artists that have influenced me are Vermeer, Andrew Wyeth, the Glasgow Boys, the drawings of Claudio Bravo, Velázquez, Alison Watt and Rembrandt.” Exhibitions included SSA, 1995; New Generation Show, Compass Gallery, Glasgow, 1996; Kumulus Gallery, Maastricht, Netherlands, 1997; The Academy for Fine Arts, Bilzen, Belgium, 1998; Royal Glasgow Institute, McLellan Galleries, 2000; and Spring Exhibition, Portland Gallery, 2002. Among her solo shows were the Scottish Gallery, Edinburgh, from 1999. HRH The Prince of Wales and Picardy Television hold Findlay’s work.

William Robert FINCH 1905–2003 Self-taught artist in various media, journalist and teacher, born in Lowestoft, Suffolk. He trained to teach at College of St Mark and St John. Showed at RA, East End Academy and widely in the provinces. He was head of the art department at Beal Grammar School, Ilford, and Chigwell School. While still at Beal’s, Finch developed a successful sideline as lecturer to adult groups, rural architecture a particular subject, writing on it for Essex and Kent newspapers. A significant spin-off was his authoritative book Country Buildings: how to appreciate them and how to sketch them, 1951. Having come from a sea-going family, he wrote and illustrated an account of the East Anglian fishing industry, The Sea in My Blood, 1992, which sold out and was reprinted. Finch donated over 100 works, his own pictorial record of Lowestoft and its fishermen, to Lowestoft Library. Lived at Weybread, Diss, Norfolk.

Margaret Cross Primrose FINDLAY 1902–1968

Sculptor and teacher, born in Glenlivet, Banffshire, who attended Glasgow School of Art, 1920–5, under Archibald Dawson. She taught at Beacon School, Bridge of Allan, and Hillhead High School in Glasgow. Among her public works were a sculpture for the Mercat Cross there, 1930, and a frieze of figures for the Glasgow Empire Exhibition, 1938. Findlay joined the Glasgow Society of Lady Artists in 1926. She also exhibited at the Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts; RSA, winning its Guthrie Award in 1928, enabling her to study in Italy; Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool; and RA. Died in Bearsden, Dunbartonshire. Peter Gillanders FINDLAY 1917– Painter and teacher,

born in Madras, India. He was educated in Suva, Fiji, then in Yorkshire. He studied art at Leeds College of Art, 1935–9, under Douglas Sharpus Andrews, then at the Slade School of Fine Art, with Randolph Schwabe, from 1939–40, then after a war interval from 1944–5. Taught for a period at Accrington School of Art, Lancashire. He did some technical book illustration and showed widely in Yorkshire. Lived in Accrington.

Colour woodcut and lino-cut artist producing work in the manner of the Grosvenor School of Art, simplified and lyrical designs. Lived in Glasgow, where she studied at the School of Art, 1912–14, exhibition venues including RSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, Manchester City Art Gallery and Redfern Gallery. From 1925 she was a member of the Glasgow Society of Lady Artists. Anna R FINDLAY 1885–1968

Figurative painter and draughtsman who gained an honours degree in fine art from Glasgow School of Art, 1996. She was elected a member of Glasgow Art Club, 1997, and received the Elizabeth Greenshields Foundation Awards, 1998 and 2001. Findlay believed “that Denise FINDLAY 1973–

Painter, designer and illustrator, born in Auchlishie, Kirriemuir, Angus. She was noted for her richly coloured, decorative domestic scenes and still lifes. Studied at Edinburgh College of Art, specialising in stained glass and mural painting and working in the Sheila FINDLAY 1928–

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department of design, 1945–51, her teachers included John Maxwell and Leonard Rosoman. In 1949 gained a postgraduate studentship, followed by a year’s senior travelling scholarship, spent in France, Italy and Sweden. In 1950s worked in London as a freelance designer and illustrator, working for major publishing houses while showing at RA, LG and elsewhere, being elected RWS in 1968. Had solo show at Catto Gallery, 1990. Later appearances included The Autumn Show, The Wykeham Gallery, Stockbridge, 2004. By then Findlay’s work was in the collections of the Cambridge Education Authority, the Government Art Collection and Edinburgh College of Art. Was married to the artist Alfred Hackney and lived in Cobham, Kent, with another studio in Edinburgh.

British Council and Contemporary Art Society hold examples.

Sculptor and teacher, born in London, graduated as an engineer from University of Prague, Czechoslovakia, 1969; studied sculpture at St Martin’s, 1969–72; taught there for three years; then graduated in philosophy at University College, 1978. He was sculpture consultant to Newport, Gwent, where he was based, 1988, gaining a research fellowship at Cardiff Art School, 1989. Fink said that he was “interested in working with architects and others who are committed to the built environment,” which stemmed from “my belief that artists should work openly in the public domain.” Commissions included Shiva, Punjabi University, India, 1980; Castle Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire, 1981; Ark, Jerusalem, Israel, 1986; and Riverfront Promenade, Newport, 1989. Fink latterly worked extensively with the performance artist Anne Bean. In 1992 they realised Light Year, then the largest temporary public art project in the United Kingdom, which took Canary Wharf as a canvas for a huge light sculpture, seen from over 40 kilometres and by millions of Londoners. Peter FINK 1948–

A group formed in this year by Slade School of Fine Art students Terry Atkinson, John Bowstead, Roger Jeffs and Bernard Jennings which collaborated on a work called Action Chair. In 1966 Fine Artz presented a projection and sound show entitled Miss Misty and the Tri-Cool Data at Birmingham Polytechnic. Jeffs later wrote that although Fine Artz was shortlived it “served its purpose (thorn in the side of the Slade and we had fun!). Apart from the Chair, etc, we wrote essays which appeared in Ark, journal of the Royal College of Art, circa 1964–5, the nearest we got to a Fine Artz manifesto.” Fine ARTZ 1964–

Stephen FINER 1949– Painter, mainly of the human head on a small scale, born and based in London. Mixed shows included Small Work, Nicola Jacobs Gallery, 1981–2; Berkeley Square Gallery, from 1988; Basle Art Fair, 1991; The Portrait Now, National Portrait Gallery, 1993–4; The Discerning Eye, Mall Galleries (invited by Martin Gayford), 1996; and About the Figure, Six Chapel Row, Bath, 1999. Had a series of solo exhibitions at Four Vine Lane from 1981, later ones including Bernard Jacobson Gallery from 1992, Heads, Agnew, 1998, Paintings, Pallant House, Chichester, 2001, People. Charleston Gallery, Firle, 2002, and Paintings, Art Space Gallery, 2004. In 1999 Agnew showed his portrait of the judge Sir Morris Finer. Arts Council,

Ian Hamilton FINLAY 1925–2006 Writer and artist in

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many media, born in Nassau, Bahamas, of Scottish parents; brought to Scotland as a child. After a short period at Glasgow School of Art Finlay saw military service in Germany, then did a variety of agricultural jobs including shepherding in the Orkneys. Began to write fiction, drama and poetry, some single-word poems presaging concrete poetry. In 1961 Finlay with Jessie McGuffie started the Wild Hawthorn Press to publish contemporary work, for most of the 1960s publishing the magazine Poor. Old. Tired. Horse. In 1966 Finlay and his wife Sue moved to an isolated farmhouse near Dunsyre, Lanarkshire, transformed the garden into a sculpture park as an antidote to the modern movement and sought to promote an art which pays homage to a lean, classical tradition. Aptly he changed the name of his home to Little Sparta. Finlay had many solo shows, including Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, and Buro Sophia Ungers, Cologne, both in Germany, respectively

1995 and 1997, Aberdeen Art Gallery, 2001, Tate St Ives, Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh, and 100 Postcards at Milton Keyes Gallery, all 2002; Victoria Miro, 2003; and prints at UBS Painewebber Art Gallery, New York, 2004. His later installations included Serpentine Gallery, The Ark and Den Haag, Netherlands, all 1998. In addition to Little Sparta, Finlay created another equally poetic garden in France, unknown to anyone except his closest associates. It was celebrated in his book Fleur de L’Air: A Garden in Provence, published by Wild Hawthorn Press in 2004. There was an eightieth-birthday show at Inverleith House, Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh, in 2005. He was shortlisted for the Turner Prize in 1985. The Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art holds a body of work by him.

Painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in Glasgow, daughter of the artist Helen Hay. Annie Finlayson studied at Glasgow School of Art, 1960; gained her National Diploma, Kingston School of Art, 1960–4; and her master’s, first class, Royal College of Art, 1965–8. At the Royal College she won the Henriques Gift, 1968. Finlayson was assistant to Bridget Riley and Peter Sedgley at St Katherine’s Dock Scheme for Artists’ Studios, 1969–71; to Alistair Grant, 1971; to Leonard Rosoman, for large murals, 1972–4; and to Ken Baynes, design consultant, during preparation of WAC exhibitions, 1972–6. Finlayson’s teaching experience comprised visiting lecturer, Exeter College of Art, 1970–1; Vauxhall Manor Secondary School, 1971–2; part-time lecturing at City and Guilds School of Art, 1976– 8; Kingston Polytechnic, 1976–90; Berkshire College of Art, 1978–84; and London Guildhall University (Sir John Cass), 1984–5. She travelled extensively in Europe and North America. Finlayson participated in numerous group exhibitions, in 1984 winning the RA Daler-Rowney Watercolour Award. Solo and two-artist exhibitions included New Art Centre, 1969; Triad Gallery, 1975; Oxford Gallery, at invitation of Carel Weight, 1976; Stirling Gallery, also at his suggestion, 1982; Adam Gallery, 1985; and Thornton Bevan Arts,

1997. In 1995, Finlayson married the ceramist and designer John Barham Adams, also Royal College of Art-trained, whose father John Adams was founder, managing director and designer of Poole Pottery and whose daughter, Louise Adams, was art director at Royal Crown Derby China. Bolton Museum and Art Gallery, the Bank of Boston and Glyndebourne Opera House are among collections holding the work of Finlayson, who latterly contracted and died from multiple system atrophy.

Donald FINLEY 1902–1981 Artist and writer, born in

Australia at Victoria, studying art in Melbourne at its National Gallery. He moved to England and became films and exhibitions officer at Australia House, 1945–67. An industrious man, Finley helped found the Australian Artists’ Association in London. He had an interest in amateur theatricals, and in the Association’s first exhibition at the RWS Conduit Street gallery in 1953 showed two stage designs. In 1963 his book Modern Australian Painting was published, an excellent, well-illustrated account. The National Library of Australia, Canberra, holds Finley’s archive, and typescript of John Peter Russell: the lost impressionist 1858–1930, compiled between 1963 and 1981.

Ann FINLAYSON 1943–1999

Jean FINN: see Jean Drew

Painter, sculptor, administrator and teacher, who grew up near Brooklands, Surrey. His father was an architect. After serving in World War II in the Royal Air Force, training as a pilot in Canada, Finn taught in Somerset, then became head of Falmouth School of Art, 1958–72, and Bath Academy of Art, Corsham, 1972–82, starting to paint full time in the latter year. Earthy, luminous colours were a characteristic of his work, which was shown in Artists from Cornwall, RWA, 1992. He also took part in mixed shows at Newlyn Orion Gallery, Penzance, at the Wolf at the Door gallery there and at Penwith Society of Arts. Solo shows were held at Festival Gallery, Bath, 1978; Newlyn Orion, 1989; and Newlyn and Falmouth Art Galleries, both 2001. Lived in St Just, Cornwall. Michael FINN

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1921–2002

Paul FINNEGAN fl. from early 1980s– Figurative artist whose work had a strong decorative element, he graduated from University of Ulster in Belfast, Northern Ireland, 1981, where he remained. Showed widely through Ireland and had work chosen for shows in England, France and Scotland. Took part in RUA Exhibition, Ulster Museum, and in Oireachtas, both 1986; in 1994 participated in Works on Paper and Beyond the Partitions, put on by Queen Street Studios, Belfast, with which he was associated. Solo shows included several in Belfast: Crescent Arts Centre, 1983, Fenderesky Gallery, 1984, and Art Advice Gallery, 1989, and his Head to Head was shown at Zakks Barbers Shop, 1990.

Artist, and teacher in a range of modern media, including installation and performance, schooled at Pontyberem, studying foundation nearby at Dyfed College of Art, Carmarthen, 1981–2. Then gained an honours degree in fine art, photography, at Glasgow School of Art, 1984–7; his postgraduate diploma there, 1987–8; and a fine art master’s in photography at University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, America, 1992–4. Awards included 1st and 2nd Prizes for colour photography, National Eisteddfod of Wales, 1990; Thomas and Elizabeth Williams Scholarship, 1992–4; fellowship, American Photography Institute, 1995; and joint winner, Eighth Oriel Mostyn Open Exhibition, 1996. Later residencies included Light Work Visual Studies, Syracuse, New York, 1999. Had considerable teaching experience in Britain and America, including assistant professorship in photography, University of Michigan, 1995. From 1996, Finnemore was a self-employed photographic artist and teacher, including Bournemouth & Poole College of Art & Design; Swansea Institute of Higher Education, University of Wales Institute, Cardiff; and University of Wales College, Newport. His work was widely published and featured in group exhibitions. Later solo shows included Oriel 31, Newtown, 2001. English and Scottish Arts Councils; Oriel Mostyn, Llandudno; and several American public collections hold examples. Lived

in Pontiets, Carmarthenshire.

Hubert Arthur FINNEY 1905–1991 Painter, draughtsman and teacher who in 1915 was invited to attend evening classes at Bromley School of Art, in 1918 winning a trade scholarship to Beckenham School of Art. Finney studied painting with Amy Katherine Browning and etching with Eric Gill. Around 1927 he won a scholarship to the Royal College of Art, where he studied under William Rothenstein, who befriended and drew him, other artists encountered there including Barnett Freedman, Percy Horton, Albert Houthuesen, Morris Kestelman and Gerald Ososki. In 1929 after graduation he took up a travelling scholarship, returning to teach part-time at Chelsea School of Art under Percy Hague Jowett, then Harold Sandys Williamson. In the period 1927– 34 Finney exhibited several times at the NEAC and in 1935, after the birth of his first son, Brian, his painting Mother and Child was sold to Carlisle Art Gallery. Finney joined the light rescue service of Civil Defence in 1939 and lost touch with the Royal College, which was evacuated. After teaching for a time at Sutton School of Art until illness intervened, he then taught part-time under Anthony Betts at Reading University and was in charge of life drawing there when he retired in 1970. Although he was reclusive and hated showing his work, Finney did exhibit at the RA Summer Exhibition, with the PS, RP and at the Paris Salon. A large solo exhibition took place at the University of Oxford’s Institute of Education in 1964.

Peter FINNEMORE 1963–

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Rose FINN-KELCEY 1945– Sculptor, performance and installations artist, teacher, born Northampton. She studied at the School of Art there, at Ravensbourne College of Art and Chelsea School of Art for postgraduate work. Finn-Kelcey usually created for a particular space, such as Steam Installation, 1992, for Chisenhale Gallery, likened to a huge steam press. Group exhibitions included the Arts Council’s The British Art Show, 1984; Shocks to the System, Royal Festival Hall and tour, 1991; and Young British Artists II, Saatchi Gallery, 1993, which, like Arts Council, holds her work.

Solo shows included Bureau de Change at Matt’s Gallery, 1988, Camden Arts Centre, 1997, and The Irish Museum of Modern Art, Kilmainham, 2003. Teaching included Byam Shaw School of Art. Lived in London.

poetry. Work held by National Portrait Gallery.

Sylvia FINZI 1948– Painter, draughtsman, printmaker and teacher who studied at Slade School of Fine Art. In 1983 she was visiting artist at Westfield College and she taught as visiting lecturer at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art and at Munich’s Volkshochschule. She was commissioned to make a mural for a new wing of Lewisham Hospital in the late 1980s. Finzi took part in many group exhibitions, including 1982 Hayward Annual and Woodlands Art Gallery in 1988. Also had a series of shows in England and abroad, including Swiss Cottage Gallery, Central Library, 2006. Victoria & Albert Museum and Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, hold examples. Lived in London.

Richard FINNY 1909–1987 Painter, draughtsman and

teacher, born in London. After Dulwich College Finny attended Byam Shaw School of Drawing and Painting. He won the Rome Scholarship for mural painting in 1929, the youngest winner at the time and the first from Byam Shaw. His two years in Rome, however, were overcast by the depression which was to plague the rest of his life. In 1934 he began teaching art in schools, including Oundle. During World War II he was in Royal Engineers’ camouflage section, seeing service in India and Burma. Unable to paint on demobilisation, he joined the Old Bleach Linen Company in Northern Ireland as assistant to director of design and publicity, but after two years returned to London to paint, then teaching, which he did until 1966. Alcoholics Anonymous helped him overcome a drink problem, but depression continued. Retrospective at Byam Shaw in 1988, proceeds to Medical Research Council. Finny’s output was small, as he was so self-critical, but he did show at RA and Nineteen Thirties Society. Lived in Camberley, Surrey.

Liza FIOR 1962– Architect and teacher who was involved in muf (see separate entry). Fior studied at the Polytechnic of Central London and Canterbury College of Art and taught at the Architectural Association, 1989–95, and Royal College of Art, 1998–00. Salvatore FIORELLO 1976– Painter, born in Wales,

who gained a diploma in art and design at Hull College, 1993–5; a fine art honours degree, painting, University of Central England, Birmingham, 1995–8; and his master’s in painting at Royal College of Art, 1998–00. He won the George Jackson Educational Award, 1995–6; Laing Painting Prize, 1998; T I Group Scholarship, 1998– 00; Henderson Parkinson Travel Award (Italy) and John Crane New York Travel Award, both 1999; and Stephenson Harwood Prize, 2000. Group shows included Winter Exhibition, Ferens Art Gallery, Hull, from 1995–6; De Fine Art, Custard Factory, Birmingham, 1998; and On Swedish Ground: Young European Contemporary Art, Kristinehamns Konstmuseum, Sweden, 2000. Among solo exhibitions were Laurent Delaye Gallery, 2001. There, Fiorello showed emptied urban environments, uninhabited but “giving the impression of a space being watched.”

Joy FINZI 1907–1991 Portrait draughtsman of great sensitivity, musician and writer, born as Joyce Black in London where she studied at Central School of Arts and Crafts with John Skeaping. She married the composer Gerald Finzi in 1933 and they built their home at Ashmansworth, near Newbury in Berkshire, just before World War II, where she died. When early in the war Finzi founded the Newbury String Players she was administrator and played in the violins. She was careful in nurturing Finzi’s work even after his terminal illness was diagnosed in 1951 and after his death founded the Finzi Trust. Many of her drawings were of musicians and writers, including Ralph Vaughan Williams, Howard Ferguson, Helen Sarah FIRMIN 1933– Versatile artist, designer and Thomas and David Jones. Her Portrait Drawings teacher, born and lived in London, who gained her were published in 1987 and several volumes of 44

painting diploma at St Martin’s School of Art, 1950–5, and her master’s in contemporary art practice from Kingston University, 1996–8. Working at the London College of Printing as a student of Francis Carr, whom she married, Firmin helped pioneer the use of screenprinting as a fine art medium, as shown in an exhibition at the College’s Eckersley Gallery in 2002. Firmin taught at Croydon College of Art and St Martin’s and was a freelance textile and wallpaper designer. Sea, sky and land were themes in her work which included installation, mixed media and book art. She was involved in forming The Paper Group from 1995, during which time it went on tour, and later combined digital art with conventional media and investigated art for healing. Firmin was a member of the Landscape & Arts Network and the Women’s Art Library. Group shows included International Book Art, New York Public Library, 1984; Pitshanger Museum and Gallery/ Chapman Gallery, Salford University, 1997–8; and Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, tour, 1999–00. Among solo exhibitions were ICA, 1970; Gardner Art Centre, Sussex University, 1982; Barbican Centre, 1991; and First Edition, Canary Wharf, 2002. British Museum and Victoria & Albert Museum hold examples.

His first solo show was at Dudley Museum & Art Gallery, 2002.

Painter who worked initially as an art adviser before becoming a fulltime artist in 1998. During his career he travelled widely, painting in oil, tempera and watercolour. His pictures, sometimes on a vast scale, explored the effects of man and nature on changing landscapes. These included Crete, Italy and around Bembridge, in the Isle of Wight, where Island Fine Arts showed his work. Firmstone was an associate of RWS, showed elsewhere in London, won a number of awards and had work in corporate and private collections.

David FIRMSTONE 1943–

Painter, especially of still life which latterly moved towards abstraction, born in Saltaire, Yorkshire. She rarely left the West Riding. Firth was born into prosperous circumstances, her father a Bradford textile manufacturer, surrounded by paintings and art books. Studied at Bradford School of Art from 1914–21, although her mother’s health prevented regular attendance. Teachers were Fred Stead and Harry Butler. Eventually set up her own studio and additionally studied with Bertram Priestman and Arthur Reginald Smith, although for 20 years Firth Christopher FIRMSTONE 1937– Originally trained found little time to paint, showing occasionally at as an architect, by the time he was included in RA, LG and in Yorkshire. After the death of her Contemporary British Art at The Millinery Works, parents and brother, in 1948 Firth settled in Ilkley 2003, Firmstone was mainly a painter. During his and began painting seriously again, attending architectural career he specialised in art gallery Maurice de Sausmarez’s art history lectures, and museum work, being responsible for major travelling extensively in Italy and establishing a shows at the RA, Birmingham Museum and Art keen local following for her work. This included Gallery, Victoria & Albert and London Museums textile collage flowerpieces and Tulips, sold to and the Tate and National Portrait Galleries. Wakefield Art Gallery in 1950. Had three solo Firmstone designed the Victoria & Albert shows at Hawksworth Gallery, Ilkley, between Museum’s twentieth-century British art and design 1984–7, then in 1988 Bradford Art Galleries and gallery and helped restore and adapt the Strand Museums, which holds her work, organised a block of Somerset House for the Courtauld Gallery. touring exhibition. His many mixed exhibitions as a painter and Mark FIRTH 1952– Sculptor, installations artist and draughtsman included RIBA; Singer & teacher, whose work reflected his family’s Friedlander/Sunday Times Watercolour background –Thomas Firth & Sons of Sheffield, Competition, at Mall Galleries; and RBSA, where later Firth Brown, world-famous specialist steel he was awarded the Caran D’Ache Prize in 1998. forgers and precision-machiners – and his own as Margaret FIRTH 1898–1991

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a mathematician and engineer. Firth was drawing resident at Glyptoteket Museum, Copenhagen, 1970–1; studied mechanical engineering at Birmingham University, 1971–2; attended Camberwell School of Art, 1972–6; then Slade School of Fine Art, 1976–8. He won a travel scholarship to Japan, 1979; research grant into lasers/holograms as sculptural media, 1980; and taught in British art schools, 1980–90. Commissions included White Noise, Greater London Council, 1983; Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, America, 1992–3; and 150th Anniversary Sculpture, Institute of Actuaries, 1998. British Airports Authority, Scottish Equitable and Derek Stow and Partners hold examples. The show Mass and Symphony, at Jill George Gallery, 1998, demonstrated Firth’s fascination with the infinite number of ways aluminium cubes and bars could be reshaped and toned by milling, boring, cutting and turning and then finished. There was another Jill George exhibition in 2001.

them AQA, New York, 1997; Counting Coup, Theater for the New City, New York, 2001; Arch Gallery, 2003; Portobello Film Festival, Bowieart Screening, 2004; and London>Vienna, Kunsburo, Vienna, Austria, 2005. Doug Fishbone/Cathie Pilkington was at Program in 2005.

Alfred Hugh FISHER 1867–1945 Painter, printmaker

and writer, born in London. After working in a city office he gained a scholarship to Royal College of Art, then studied in Paris. For three years he travelled the British Empire as artist attached to the Visual Instruction Committee of the Colonial Office, writing books including Through India and Burmah with Pen and Brush. He was a prolific exhibitor at RE of which he was an associate, RA, NEAC and elsewhere. Lived in Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire.

Andrea FISHER 1955–1997 Artist and lecturer whose

Fish fl. from c.1913–1964 Painter, illustrator and textile designer, born in Bristol, Anne Harriet Fish in 1918

married Walter Sefton. She studied under Charles Orchardson, John Hassall, at the London School of Art and in Paris. She exhibited at RA and Fine Art Society, which gave her a solo show. Did extensive work for Punch, Tatler, Vanity Fair, Vogue and Cosmopolitan and illustrated a number of books including her own Awful Weekends and Guests, 1938. Her work was stylish and Beardsleyesque with a satirical tinge. Tall and and rather grand in manner, she lived in St Ives, Cornwall, where she collected some good local paintings and was a member of the Penwith Society of Arts and St Ives Society of Artists.

Artist, born in New York, who participated in the inaugural Bowieart exhibition BLOC at the County Hall Gallery in 2005. He was described as “the artist who recently brought 30,000 bananas to Trafalgar Square who is transporting soil from Israel onto the gallery floor of County Hall, a minimal gesture with massive geo-political clout.” Fishbone graduated in music from Amherst College, Massachusetts, 1988–91, gaining his fine art master’s in London at Goldsmiths’ College, 2001–3. He took part in numerous mixed shows internationally, among

Doug FISHBONE 1969–

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education included London School of Economics, visitor by special permission, 1972–3; honours degree in history, University of Sussex, 1973–4; seminars in phenomenology and psychoanalytic theory, Philadelphia Association, London, 1974– 5; sculpture, Sir John Cass School of Art, 1977; advanced course diploma in sculpture, St Martin’s School of Art, 1978; honours degree in fine art (sculpture), St Martin’s, 1980; and her master’s degree, with distinction, social history of art, University of Leeds, 1982. Fisher gained many awards and residencies, in Britain and America, lectureships from 1983–96 including St Martin’s, South Glamorgan Institute for Higher Education, Goldsmiths’ College and Jan Van Eyck Academie, Maastricht, Netherlands. Her publications included Let Us Now Praise Famous Women: Women Photographers for the US Government, 1935– 1944, which appeared in 1987, on which she curated an exhibition at the National Museum of Photography, Film and Television, Bradford. Took part in numerous group shows in Britain and abroad. Had solo shows at DIY Gallery and The Drawing Room, both 1986, later ones including Museum voor Modern Kunst, Arnhem, Netherlands, 1997. In 1999, Gimpel Fils held a show to celebrate Andrea Fisher – installations

photographs, a full catalogue of her work, the first book published by the Andrea Fisher Memorial Trust, which also organised an annual lecture.

D’Art Contemporain, Geneva, 2003; and Aftermath, Studio Voltaire, 2004. Fisher was latterly a signed artist with Rokeby Gallery.

Artist and teacher, born in London. He studied at Winchester School of Art, 1967; St Martin’s School of Art, 1967–70; and Royal College of Art, 1970–3. He won an Abbey Major Travelling Scholarship, the John Minton Award and the Anstruther Award, 1973. From 1974–94 Fisher taught at Royal College of Art, from 1993 being fine art course director at Goldsmiths’ College. Fisher was keen that an artist should not repeat himself, his own work employing mixed media and an interest in unconventional tapestry. Royal College holds his Mixed Media Composition, 1974, the Arts Council his tapestry Blindfolded, 1977. From 1989 Fisher translated and illustrated a series of European poets for Cahill Press. Fisher showed regularly in London. He was a prizewinner in the 1976 John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, also showing in the 1995–6 show. Lived at Weston, Newark, Nottinghamshire.

Painter and designer for films and the theatre, born in London. Studied art in Hampstead, 1940–1, then at St Martin’s School of Art with Ruskin Spear, 1943–6. Was a member of the Society of Industrial Artists and Free Painters and Sculptors, also exhibiting at NS, ROI, LG and Piccadilly Gallery. Solo exhibitions included Loggia Gallery, Barbican Centre and Salon des Nations in Paris. Lived in Paris, France.

Chris FISHER 1950–

Don Mulready FISHER 1923–

Felicity FISHER 1922– Painter and printmaker, born

in Chelsea, who as Felicity Sutton attended Chelsea Art School, in 1939, under its principal Harold Williamson, tutors including Henry Moore, Ceri Richards, Geoffrey Monk and George Day for wood engraving. During World War II she was attached to the Directorate of Camouflage, 1941– 4, returning to study at Chelsea, 1945–7. She was a member of the AIA and took part in group shows at the RA, SWA and RP. In 1948 she married the classical scholar Henry Fisher (1918–2005), eldest son of Archbishop Lord Fisher of Lambeth, who became a distinguished lawyer, banker and president of Wolfson College, Oxford, 1975–85, knighted in 1968. Her sensitive 1949 study of him accompanied his obituary in The Times. Felicity Fisher listed the “French Impressionists, Vuillard. Portraits, people and places at home and abroad” among her influences and work themes. She studied at the Royal College of Art as a mature student and at Goldsmiths’ College after having a family, etching under Paul Drury and lithography with Edwin La Dell, “making etchings at home with a small press from T N Lawrence as well as wood engravings.” Lady Fisher had two exhibitions in Haslemere, one shared with Kate Ponsonby; two at The Diamond Gallery, Londonderry; and two in Marlborough, Wiltshire, to which the Fishers moved in 1985. The Ashmolean Museum in Oxford holds prints by her.

Craig FISHER 1976– Artist

who gained his art and design foundation diploma from Wigan and Leigh College, 1995–6; graduated with honours in fine art from the University of Northumbria, Newcastle upon Tyne, 1996–9; and was awarded his master’s degree in fine art from Goldsmiths’ College, University of London, 1999–00. He was Saatchi fellow at Goldsmiths’, 2000–1; fine art fellow at Cheltenham, University of Gloucestershire, 2001– 2; and similarly a fellow at ECAV, École Cantonale D’Art du Valais, Sierre, Switzerland, 2002–4. Fisher’s work was covered extensively in the art and consumer press and he took part in many group shows in Britain and abroad. Latterly these included Stranger than Fiction, Nylon, 2002; Ex Voto Schloss Leuk, Leuk, Switzerland, 2003; and Boys Who Sew, Crafts Council and tour and But not as we know it, Kontainer Gallery, Los Angeles, California, America, both 2004. Among his solo exhibitions were Recent Work, Cinch, 2000; Break Glass in the Event of an Emergency, solo window installation, Bowieart at the Tardis, 2001; Clear Gareth FISHER 1951– Versatile sculptor and teacher, and Presentable Danger, Hall Palermo, Appartment born in Keswick, Cumberland, who from early on 47

was influenced by the American sculptor Donald Judd. Fisher’s mature work reflected contemporary issues, was built in plaster and used found material and could take some time to complete. He attended Edinburgh College of Art, 1969–76. Went on to live in Dundee, Angus, where he lectured in sculpture at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art. From 1978 Fisher showed at New 57 Gallery, of which he was chairman, 1979–80, and Talbot Rice Gallery, both in Edinburgh; Artists’ Space Gallery in New York; Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax; Hatton Gallery in Newcastle upon Tyne; Camden Arts Centre; and Third Eye Centre, Glasgow. A 1986 solo exhibition at The Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, toured Scotland; later one-man shows included Galleria Antonia Jannone, Milan, Italy, 1998. From 1984–6, Fisher was chairman of the Blackness Public Arts Programme, Dundee, where the Museum and Art Gallery holds his work.

1969; Gast der Berliner Kunstlerprogram des DAAD, 1973–4, 1994; Pollock-Krasner Foundation, 1993; and John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship, 1993–4. Had extensive teaching experience, including Goldsmiths’ College, 1978– 9, and Bath Academy of Art, 1980–2, mainly in America. Fisher said that his lineage was “directly from the teaching of Josef Albers”; he later spent some time with Albers and at Goldsmiths’ “once taught a variation on Albers’ excellent colour course”. Participated in numerous group shows internationally, British ones including the Arts Council’s British Art Show with tour, 1984; Vessel, at Serpentine Gallery, 1987; and Todd Gallery, from 1994. Showed solo extensively with Nigel Greenwood Gallery until 1989; later solo shows included Lawrence Markey Gallery, New York, 1994, and Galerie Rochefort, Montreal, 1995. Fisher’s work was included in several dozen international public collections, Arts Council, Geoffrey FISHER 1953– Constructions artist, most Leeds City Art Gallery and Victoria & Albert of whose works were “conceived as belonging to Museum having examples. a series of inter-related pieces that can exist independently but have different meanings when Myrta FISHER 1917– Painter, initially in oil, later viewed in series. Their structure is based upon a in acrylic, and teacher, born in Wimbledon, Surrey. concern with repetition, grids and scale”. Fisher She attended Huddersfield Art School, 1935–7, obtained an honours degree in fine art from then Slade School of Fine Art, 1937–40, being a Hornsey College of Art, 1973–6; assisted various Henriques Scholar. She had periods of full-time artists living abroad, 1977–87; and worked in art and part-time teaching after World War II and had education from 1989. In 1999, he obtained regional a year in Greece, 1954–5, a student of the British Arts Council funds to join a tour of contemporary School at Athens. Showed with AIA and art. Showed in group exhibitions at England & Co Eastbourne Group, of which she was a member, from 1997, in 2000 sharing a trio exhibition, for many years, solo exhibitions including AIA, Ansdell Gallery, The Grange in Rottingdean, and Constructions, there. two private shows in Newhaven. Harold Mockford, Janice FISHER 1971– Artist who graduated in Braque and other early twentieth-century painters printmaking from the Royal College of Art in 2000. were influences. Towner Art Gallery, Eastbourne, Shortly after, she shared a show with Elizabeth holds her work. Lived in Newhaven, Sussex. Haven at Elgin, work referring to the past. Norman FISHER 1958– Painter of landscapes, Joel FISHER 1947– Sculptor, draughtsman and usually small and in oil on board, which had a teacher, born in Salem, Ohio, America, who lived luminous quality. He was born in Darlington, in Britain periodically from 1970, mainly between County Durham, and studied at Humberside 1976–83. He graduated from Ken on College, College of Higher Education. Concentrated on 1969, Magna Cum Laude, Phi Beta Kappa. Gained painting the Humberside estuary and Wolds region. a number of awards, prizes and fellowships, Fisher set up and administered the Unit 50 Studios including Thomas J Watson Traveling Fellowship, on the River Hull in 1983 and was a leading 48

member of Hull Artists’ Group. There was a major show of his landscapes at Scarborough Art Gallery in 1990 and in 1991 he was included in Images of the Yorkshire Landscape, organised by Sheeran Lock at Leeds Civic Hall.

painter Avigdor Arikha absorbed the rule that a picture should be finished in one session and chose to paint in front of the subject. The male nude was a favourite. She collaborated several times with the poet Thomas Meyer on fine, limited edition books. Died in London where British Museum Roger FISHER 1919–1993 Marine painter, born in holds her work. Dover, Kent. After Clifton College he was 37 years in the Royal Navy, which gave his pictures great Stefani Melton FISHER 1894–1963 Painter, notably authenticity. Was elected to RSMA in 1983, also of portraits, printmaker and teacher, son of the showing with Wapping Group of Artists and Armed artist Melton Fisher, born and lived in London. He Forces’ Art Society. Royal Naval Lifeboat was educated at Westminster School, studying then Institution and Yarrow Shipbuilders hold examples. at Byam Shaw and Vicat Cole School of Art and Lived in Snape, Suffolk. Royal Academy Schools. Became art master at Dulwich College. Was a member of ROI and PS, Rowland FISHER 1885–1969 Marine and landscape also showing at RA, RI and elsewhere. painter in oil and watercolour and ship modeller, born in Gorleston, Norfolk, son of a master mariner. Tyson FISHER fl. from c.1920–1962 Painter of murals Originally he wanted to go to sea but instead and stage sets as well as pictures, born in Waterloo, worked at Jewson & Sons timber yard, Great Lancashire. Studied art in the south of France. Yarmouth, for 50 years, becoming president of the Lectured on art and was a member of the Liver local Society of Artists. In addition to Norfolk Sketching Club. Exhibited RCamA, Walker Art scenes he painted landscapes after trips to France, Gallery, Liverpool and RWS. Lived at Crosby, the Netherlands and Italy. Fisher was a member of Lancashire. the RSMA from 1938, later joined the ROI and St Ives Society of Artists, in Cornwall, and exhibited Gerald FISHON fl. from mid-1950s– Painter whose at RA, RBA, RI and RWS as well as on the work showed the influence of such artists as continent. His work reflected the tranquillity and Beckmann, Nolde and Soutine, born in London. hostility of the sea, as in examples offered by In 1955 he studied at St Martin’s School of Art with James Bonhams in The East Anglian View, Lynford Hall, Dring. Subsequently he attended City & Guilds of London Art School, Sir John Cass College and Morley College, Mundford, 2000. A large collection of his more teachers including Maggi Hambling, John Bowles and David vigorous pictures hangs in the James Paget Hospital Graham. Fishon worked as a commercial artist, helping to prepare major exhibitions on the history of the Crusades and at Gorleston.

Figurative painter and printmaker, born in New York, her mother an artist. In 1968 graduated from California Institute of the Arts. After working for a year at Gemini print studio in Los Angeles moved to London, becoming studio assistant to R B Kitaj, whom she married in 1983. Her fluent, colourful work became popular through the 1989 picture Boating at Regent’s Park, commissioned by London Underground and used for the poster Days on the water. Had solo show at Lefevre Gallery, 1993. Fisher’s pictures were commonly modest in scale. She admired the work of Delacroix, Monet and Matisse, from the Israeli

French Revolution. In 1976 he showed a self-portrait in the Whitechapel Art Gallery exhibition of East End artists. Fishon also participated in two two-man shows at Primrose Hill Gallery, 1989–93.

Sandra FISHER 1947–1994

Painter and teacher, born near Accrington, Lancashire, married to the painter Patricia Fishwick. He attended Liverpool School of Art, 1940–2, then after Naval service returned to complete his studies, 1946–7, including art teacher’s diploma. Fishwick combined a busy painting career with teaching at Exeter College of Art, becoming principal, 1958–84. He was a member of the Newlyn Society from 1952–83 and exhibited at the Penwith Society in 1950s–1960s Clifford FISHWICK 1923–1997

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of the insurrection that led to the Paris Commune of 1871, shown at The Economist, 2002. Fitton did a foundation art and design course at Norton College, Sheffield, 1991–2; graduated with honours in fine art, Nottingham Trent University, 1994–7; gained his master’s in fine art at Chelsea College of Art & Design, 2000–1; with a teaching fellowship there, 2001–2. Lectured at Nottingham and Chelsea and at De Montfort University, Leicester. He curated several shows, at Nottingham Trent, Zwemmer Gallery and VTO, and took part in group exhibitions, including Nerve, ICA, 1999; and Museum Magogo, Glasgow Project Space in 1999 and PB Gallery, Melbourne, Australia, 2000.

and had a solo show in 1983. Fishwick showed solo at St George’s Gallery, in 1957, others including Dartington Hall, 1959; Exeter University, 1961; Plymouth City Art Gallery, 1966; Essex University, 1976; Spacex Gallery, Exeter, 1982; and works of the 1950s at Austin/Desmond Fine Art, 1989, with other works, 1990. Also showed with Bruton Street Gallery. The Universities of Exeter and Plymouth jointly supported memorial exhibitions in 1998. Over the years Fishwick’s style changed as certain influences took effect, the Neo-Romantics, the Cornish painters and the second School of Paris painters such as Nicolas de Staël. His later work was darker, more loosely put together and more abstract. Public galleries in Exeter, Plymouth and Bradford hold examples. Lived in Topsham, Devon.

Artist in oil, pen and watercolour and teacher, born in Liverpool, where she attended the College of Art, 1947–9, then Exeter College of Art, 1949–52, where she was taught by Clifford Fishwick, whom she married. She taught history of art at Exeter College, 1972– 84. Patricia Fishwick was a member of Newlyn Society of Artists, 1952–83. also a member of the Kenn Group of Artists and Exeter Society of Artists. She took part in RWA shows, John Moores Liverpool Exhibition and Westward Television Open Art. Solo shows included Exeter University. Plymouth City Art Gallery holds her work. Lived in Topsham, Devon. Patricia FISHWICK 1929–

Anoushka FISZ 1969– Photography-based artist, born

and lived in London, who in 1988–90 served an apprenticeship with Plichta, Hollywood portrait photographer of the post-World War II years. Fisz worked in Paris, 1990–2. Group exhibitions included Air de Paris “La Table”, Paris, 1998. Solo exhibitions included Galerie Pierre Nouvion, Monaco, 1997; Jason McCoy inc, New York, 1998; and Alien Sex Mother, The Mayor Gallery, 1999. Ben FITTON 1972– Artist and lecturer who created

silhouettes of historically significant images from wooden garden trellis-work, as with his La Barricade de la Rue Basfroi, based on a photograph

Painter, advertising and poster designer, draughtsman and printmaker, born in Oldham, Lancashire, where he was educated at a board school. Was apprenticed as a calico designer in Manchester where for some years he attended the School of Art part-time, getting to know the painter L S Lowry. In London attended evening classes under A S Hartrick at Central School of Arts and Crafts from 1925, in 1928 marrying the artist Margaret Cook and settling in Dulwich, where he continued to live. The 1930s were very active for Fitton, who exhibited at such venues as RA and NEAC; was appointed art director for the C Vernon and Sons advertising agency; had his first one-man show, in 1933, at Arthur Tooth and Sons; and began to teach in that year at Central School. Fitton’s father had been a trade union leader, active in the Labour movement, attitudes which left their mark on Fitton. He became active in AIA, drew cartoons for the Daily Worker and Left Review and became known for his brilliantly witty and adroit caricatures of political leaders such as Mosley, Churchill and Mussolini. Other work over the years included posters for London Transport; illustrations for Lilliput and other magazines; wartime work for the Ministry of Food, Ministry of Information and Ministry of Education; and a number of notable film posters. Elected RA in 1954. In his pictures Fitton was a shrewd and perceptive observer of London low life, of its cafés, markets and characters. A Very

James FITTON 1899–1982

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English Painter was a Fitton show at Crane Kalman also showed with UA, at Loggia Gallery and widely Gallery, 2004–5. in the provinces, especially Home Counties. Farnham Art Society member who lived in Judith FITTON: see Judith DAVIS Aldershot, Hampshire.

Margaret FITTON 1902–1988 Painter, illustrator and sculptor, born in London, married to the artist James Fitton. Her mother had studied at Royal Academy Schools and her uncle had founded the Cook School of Art. She studied at Central School of Arts and Crafts under Bernard Meninsky and met her husband in a lithography class there in the 1920s. Renoiresque in appearance, she modelled for a number of artists including Barnett Freedman. First job was illustrating books for Warne & Company and also illustrated for Lilliput and The Listener. Sculpted a head of her husband, who frequently used her as a model. Exhibited RA, AIA, LG, Arts Council and Storran Gallery. In 1937 the critic Anthony Blunt wrote that Margaret Fitton’s Ironing and Airing was the one submission worth noting in an RA spring exhibition. She was an AIA and Arts Club member and lived in London.

Pete FITZGERALD fl. from late 1960s– Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, printmaker and teacher, born in Woolwich, southeast London. He studied at Central and Camberwell Schools of Art. Went on to teach in London social priority schools, in 1978–9 painting on secondment at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art. Had a solo show at Woodlands Art Gallery, 1981. The works on show, heads and figures, were, according to Fitzgerald, “not arrived at by abstracting down from a human starting point, but rather in a building up of shapes until a human presence is suggested”.

Painter, whose work included landscapes and richly coloured still life, who initially studied at York Art College, 1963– 5, then Sunderland Art College, 1965–7. While living abroad she graduated in 1978 from the Open University, gaining her master’s degree in 1988 from the University of Kent. Had a studio at Montpellier, in the south of France, also having lived in the Middle and Far East. Showed at Catto and Medici Galleries, Nevill Gallery in Canterbury, Adam Gallery in Bath and Bourne Gallery, Reigate, where she had solo exhibitions in 2001 and 2003. The second show followed a visit to the Hawaiian islands. Fitzgerald’s work was featured at length in Simon Jennings’ 2003 volume The Artist’s Colour Manual. Lived in Kent. Sue FITZGERALD 1946–

Patrick Michael FITZGERALD 1965– Artist, born in Cork, Ireland, who graduated with first-class honours and his master’s in fine art from Chelsea School of Art in 1988. He moved to Bilbao, Spain, where he settled. Fitzgerald won many awards, including the Purchase Prize, VIII Biennial of Pamplona, and artist-in-residence, Sirius Arts Centre, Cobh. In 2003, Fitzgerald shared an exhibition at Rubicon Gallery, Dublin, with Andrew Bick. By that time, his paintings had become quite sculptural, as the gallery described them, “with slight openings and incisions, awkwardly projecting from the wall as much as 15 or 20 centimetres, so that the whole painting as an object becomes evident. The ‘figure’ elements are always off-centre, creeping in from the edge or edge off it, trapping the paintings and the gaze in a moment of tension.”

Elizabeth FITZHERBERT: see Elizabeth MACFADGEN

Painter, born in Wembley, Middlesex. He studied at High Wycombe College of Higher Education, 1981–2, then Canterbury College of Art, 1983–6. Took part in group exhibitions in Aylesbury and Canterbury in mid1980s and participated in John Moores Liverpool Peggy FITZGERALD 1923– Painter and Exhibition, 1987. Lived in Aylesbury, draughtsman, born in Hastings, Sussex, where she Buckinghamshire. attended the High School, then the School of Art, 1944–6. Free Painters and Sculptors member who Leo FITZMAURICE 1963– Artist who did a foundation art and design course at Leicester David FITZJOHN 1963–

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Polytechnic, 1988–9; gained a first-class fine art honours degree from Liverpool Polytechnic, 1989– 92; his master’s at Manchester Metropolitan University, 1992–3; and a postgraduate certificate in education at Bolton Institute, 1995–6. Group shows included Northern Young Contemporaries, Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester (prize winner), 1993; Select, Bluecoat Gallery, Liverpool, 1996; 9th Oriel Mostyn Open, Llandudno, 1997–8; and in 1998, mounted by the group Core, All in the Mind, at West Cheshire Hospital, Chester, a former mental institution, and Turnpike Gallery, Leigh. There, Fitzmaurice played on the notion of the patients’ childlike dependence on the institution and its staff by making deliberately confusing collages of words and pictures from children’s books, displaying them behind the glass of fire alarms. Fitzmaurice was artist-in-residence at Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, 1996, with a solo show, later ones including Bond Gallery, Birmingham, 1997. He was included in the 2004 John Moores Liverpool Exhibition. Arts Council holds his work. Lived in Heswall, Wirral.

down-and-outs in London. Group shows included South London Art Gallery, 1971; Lufthansa Gallery, 1973; Leighton House, 1975; 1917 Gallery, Spilsby, 1981; Pfalzgalerie, Kaiserslautern, West Germany, 1985; and Galerie Hüsstage, Hertogenbosch, Netherlands, 1987. Had solo exhibitions at Usher Gallery, Lincoln, 1983; Blackfriars Art Gallery, 1988; Usher Gallery, Lincoln, 1989, and Guildhall Museum, Boston, 2000. Westminster and Swindon Education Authorities hold examples. Lived in New Bolingbroke, Lincolnshire.

Prolific artist whose life in parts remains a mystery. Her father was in the Army, so her childhood was unsettled, and she was educated by a governess. She attended Royal Academy Schools, 1933–8, winning the Landseer Prize and a Silver Medal for a painting of two figures from life. After teaching art for a time Fitzwilliams went into a convent, but near to taking her final vows she became ill and left. She then taught at Llandysul County School, for girls, near Newcastle Emlyn, Cardiganshire, location of her family home Cilgwyn. Joyce was to live in its dower house for a time with her mother. Eventually she went to America and taught art at the Annie Wright Seminary, Tacoma, Washington state, run by a cousin. She was there, 1960–8, was known as Miss Joyce and in 1967 gained her master’s degree from the University of Puget Sound. Fitzwilliams’ output moved from straight figuration towards Surrealism, and in America she took up screenprinting. Learning that she had cancer, Fitzwilliams went to the Philippines hoping for a faith healing cure. This did not happen and she died in Honolulu, Hawaii. An endowment fund was donated to the Seminary (now the Annie Wright School) in her memory. National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, holds her picture Hafod. Joyce FITZWILLIAMS 1912–1969

Andrew FITZPATRICK 1966– Stylish painter whose

work had a narrative element, as in his canvas Before the Opera, in The Caledonian Show III, The Contemporary Fine Art Gallery, Eton, 2001. Fitzpatrick studied drawing and painting at Glasgow School of Art under Geoffrey Squire. Other exhibitions included a retrospective at Meddeus Kunst, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1993, and Emotion Recollected at The Edinburgh Gallery, Edinburgh, 1998.

Mary FITZPAYNE 1928– Figurative painter and draughtsman, born in Catterick, Yorkshire, full name Alice Mary FitzPayne, who married the artist Eric Doitch. Obtained her diploma from Leeds College of Art, 1941–7; studied etching, lithography and painting at Central School of Art, 1948–9; then was in the painting school at Royal College of Art, 1949–52, teachers including Carel Weight, Rodrigo Moynihan and Ruskin Spear. Taught art to adults part-time. FitzPayne created imaginative compositions in oil, her charcoal and pen-and-ink drawings focusing on the circus and

Sculptor in a variety of materials, draughtsman, film and furniture maker and teacher, born in Prestatyn, Flintshire. He studied at St Martin’s School of Art, 1964–6, receiving the ICA Dover Street Materials Award in 1965. In 1972 he won the Gulbenkian Barry FLANAGAN 1941–

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Foundation Grant to work with the dance company Strider, three years later gaining an Arts Council Award, which allowed him to undertake kiln work. Flanagan’s teaching included St Martin’s School of Art, 1967–71, with further sessions at Newport School of Art and Omaha Municipal University, Nebraska. After a first solo show at Rowan Gallery in 1966, Flanagan showed there many times, and also exhibited solo at Hester van Royen Gallery and Waddington Galleries as well as widely overseas. In 1978 had one-man show at Serpentine Gallery, later ones including Tate Liverpool, 2000. Among his commissions were Peter Stuyvesant Sculpture Project, Cambridge, 1972, and City Square, Ghent, 1980. Exhibition at Yorkshire Sculpture Park, 1992. Arts Council holds a wide selection of Flanagan’s work. He was elected RA in 1991.

the relationship began to disintegrate. During their last trip to Capri, Flanagan told Fields that “he did not want to be a kept man, and though they remained close friends until his death in 1976, what little was left of their love affair ended abruptly.” Bret recounts that later Fields gave Flanagan “a large sum of money which enabled him and [his writer friend] Henry Savage to open a clubrestaurant in Knightsbridge – it became a popular retreat for painters and actors.” Among Flanagan’s exhibits was the landscape Cagnes, France, at the RA Summer Exhibition in 1939.

Painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. He studied at Belfast College of Art, 1949–53, in 1954 starting to teach at St Mary’s College of Education. Flanagan was a notable landscape watercolourist. He participated in many mixed exhibitions, including Four Ulster Painters, at Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol, 1965; Two Irish Painters, with Colin Middleton, Herbert Art Gallery and Museum, Coventry, 1968; The Gordon Lambert Collection, at Hugh Lane Municipal Gallery of Modern Art, Dublin, 1972; Armstrong Gallery, New York, and Smithsonian Institution, Washington, and tour, 1986; and Contemporary Artists from Ireland, Austin/Desmond Fine Art, 1990. Flanagan had a solo show at CEMA, Belfast, 1961, later exhibitions including an Arts Council of Northern Ireland 1967–77 retrospective in 1977 and Places, 1960–85, Fermanagh County Museum, 1986. Lived in Belfast. Terence P FLANAGAN 1929–

John FLANAGAN 1889–1976 Irish painter and film-

maker who in 1928 at the Café Royal was introduced by Augustus John to the singer Gracie Fields. The “every-scatty” Flanagan, who rented a studio from John in St John’s Wood and made a modest living as an artist, painted Fields’ portrait. Although she was still married to her first husband, the impresario Archie Pitt, she moved in with Flanagan who accompanied her on her first trip to America in 1930, where she was booked for two weeks at the Palace Theatre, New York. They also visited Dublin and Donegal Bay after her big 1931 film hit Looking on the Bright Side. In 1933, the contents of Flanagan’s studio were moved to Capri, for which Fields had formed her long-standing attachment. Two years later, the much-praised film Riders to the Sea was released, based on J M Synge’s play, which Flanagan had travelled to the west of Ireland to shoot. The director was Brian Desmond Hurst, the production/releasing company Flanagan-Hurst, MGM, leading players including Sara Allgood, Denis Johnstone, Kevin Guthrie and Rita Mooney. Fields funded the film, according to David Bret in his 1995 Gracie Fields The Authorized Biography, which details Flanagan’s relationship with her. He says that Fields hoped to have a child by Flanagan but failed, after which

Dennis FLANDERS 1915–1994 Artist in watercolour,

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carbon pencil and black and brown ink, born in Walthamstow, Essex. He attended Merchant Taylors’ School, worked for periods in chartered accountancy, interior decorating, then printing, then became a freelance artist. “The beauty of Britain and its architecture and landscape” were leading themes in Flanders’ work; as well as the early English watercolourists he cited Piranesi, Meryon, Muirhead Bone, F L Griggs and Henry Rushbury as influences. Flanders’ art education was evening classes at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art. By the early 1990s he had completed

over 3,000 drawings, mainly of Britain, also of Venice and Rome. Flanders was a member of RWS and RBA and an honorary freeman of the PainterStainers’ Company. Flanders’ books, such as Dennis Flanders’ Britannia, 1984, and Dennis Flanders’ London, 1986, were celebrated with shows at Fine Art Society and Guildhall Library. The Library and Guildhall Art Gallery hold an extensive collection of his work. Lived in London.

Grosvenor Gallery; and Aitken Dott, Edinburgh. Lyon & Turnbull, Edinburgh, held a show of Flattely’s work over 50 years in 2003. Aberdeen, Cheltenham, Dundee, Glasgow and Hull public galleries hold Flattely’s pictures, as do RSA, RWA and The Nuffield Foundation, private collections including HRH The Duke of Edinburgh. Lived in Beaminster, Dorset.

Joseph Otto FLATTER 1894–1988 Versatile artist, born

Moyna FLANNIGAN 1963– Painter, born in Scotland, who gained an honours degree at Edinburgh College of Art, 1985, then her master’s degree from Yale University School of Art in America, 1987. She had obtained a Yale University Scholarship in 1985, other awards including Scottish Arts Council Artists Award in 1994, and Scholar, British School at Rome, 1997. In 1999, Flannigan was a finalist for The NatWest Prize, showing figurative pictures that were “less about the individual but rather are representative of social and psychological ideas… a gallery of human types”. Flannigan was artistin-residence at Aberdeen Art Gallery, 1990. Showed widely in Scotland and had a solo exhibition at 369 Gallery Edinburgh, 1990, later ones including William Jackson Gallery, 1994, Lotta Hammer, 1998. Aberdeen Art Gallery, City Art Centre in Edinburgh and Scottish Arts Council hold examples.

in Vienna, Austria, where he enrolled at the Academy of Fine Arts in 1914. Had to serve as an infantry officer for over three years before he could resume his Academy studies, supported by work as an itinerant portrait painter. In 1934 Flatter married the concert pianist Hilda Loewe, settling with her in England in 1935. Shortly before World War II Flatter produced a series of cartoons warning of the Nazi threat. Nevertheless, when war began he was interned on the Isle of Man, although he was soon released to do extensive propaganda work for the Ministry of Information and the exiled Belgian government. Flatter was commissioned as an Army captain and made an Official War Artist at the Nuremberg Trials. After the war Flatter found it hard to resume his career as a portrait painter, in which Rembrandt was always his main inspiration. Instead he bought and restored Old Masters. His own final series of pictures was in tempera, many influenced by the death of his wife in 1976; much of the work was satirical, drawing on literature and personal experience, and it also emphasised essential human values. Imperial War Museum holds a large collection of Flatter’s war illustrations. Some were included in Art in Exile in Great Britain 1933–45, Camden Arts Centre, 1986. Lived and worked in London.

Alastair FLATTELY 1922– Painter and teacher, born

in Inverness, who was educated at Maiden Erlegh School, Reading, and Glasgow University, gaining a postgraduate scholarship, Edinburgh College of Art, 1949–50. He obtained an Andrew Grant Travelling Scholarship to Spain, 1950–1 and Fellowship in Painting, 1953–5. Flattely won a Charles Jervase Prize, 1950, and Stewart Prize, 1952, both RSA. He lectured at Edinburgh College of Art, 1952–3; Gray’s School of Art, Aberdeen, 1955–9; and was principal there, 1972–87, having been vice-principal and then principal of Gloucester College of Art, Cheltenham, 1960–72. Flattely was a member of RWA. His exhibitions, restricted by teaching commitments, included Wildenstein; Roland, Browse & Delbanco; Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh; Upper

Zena FLAX 1930– Artist and designer, born and lived

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in London. She attended Chelsea School of Art, 1949–53, focusing on illustration, then became interested in etching, which she pursued at Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1953–5. Worked as a graphic designer. Showed etchings at Whitechapel Art Gallery, RA Diploma Gallery, elsewhere in London and in the provinces. Was a member of Printers Inc. Workshop. Exhibited with it at Ben

Uri Art Society, which holds her work, in 1990, and in 1991 had a solo exhibition at Sternberg Centre for Judaism. In 2004, she participated in a four-artist show at The Stables Gallery, Dollis Hill.

Exhibited extensively at RA from 1925 – he was elected RA 1956 – and otherwise showed mainly at RWS, NEAC, RBSA and RP. Also had a oneman show at Ruskin Gallery, Birmingham, 1925, and won a silver medal at Paris Salon. Moved to London after retirement from teaching in Birmingham in 1951 to give more time to students at Royal Academy Schools, where he had been appointed assistant keeper. RA, Leeds City Art Gallery, other provincial and foreign galleries hold his work. Memorial exhibition in Birmingham, 1965; retrospective John Lindsay Fine Art, Solihull/Belgrave Gallery, 1981.

Hugh FLEETWOOD 1944– Writer and painter, born in Chichester, Sussex, who on leaving school at 17 went to live in Paris, later Rome, eventually being based in England. His second novel, The Girl Who Passed For Normal, won the John Llewellyn Rhys Memorial Prize; his sixth, The Order of Death, was made into a film starring Harvey Keitel and John Lydon (Johnny Rotten). Fleetwood also wrote film scripts in Italy and designed the jackets for several of his books. Alongside writing Fleetwood was a self-taught painter using a dark palette, his figurative pictures reflecting his love of early Italian painting. Initially he showed in Rome and Spoleto. To coincide with publication of his novel Brothers, in 1999 the St Raphael Gallery in London gave him a first exhibition in Britain.

Artist who gained his master’s in fine art from the University of Sussex. His video installations were shown widely in Britain and on the continent. Took part in the Brighton International Arts Festival. Public commissions in which Fleischer was involved included the Coventry Blue Ribbon Sculpture, 1998, and Watford Memory Wall, 2000. Carl FLEISCHER 1968–

Painter, born in Huddersfield, where he studied at the School of Art, 1947–53. On graduating he began work in a graphic studio, started up his own business, then retired early to return to full-time painting. Showed with RBSA, NEAC and ROI, where in 1997 he won the president’s prize and was elected a full member. Fleetwood produced richly coloured and textured acrylic landscapes and coastal scenes of his native Yorkshire, also still lifes with a distinctive flattened perspective. His sell-out solo show at Panter & Hall in 2001 was the first of a series. Neville FLEETWOOD 1932–

Bernard FLEETWOOD-WALKER 1893–1965 Painter

and draughtsman mainly of figures and portraits. Born in Birmingham, where he lived most of his life. Initially was a modeller and metalworker, then studied painting at Birmingham School of Arts and Crafts, followed by London and Paris. Wounded and gassed during World War I service in Artists’ Rifles, but continued to paint and draw. After war taught for about 10 years at King Edward’s Grammar School, Aston, in 1929 leaving to teach at Birmingham School of Arts and Crafts.

Sculptor in various materials, notably a pioneer in the use of carved Perspex and water, and teacher, born in Bratislava, Slovakia, then part of Hungary. He studied medicine and art at the Prague Academy, winning a scholarship to the Master School of Sculpture in Vienna, also studying in France and Italy. Fleischmann taught art in Vienna, 1935–7, and also held classes for the Czech Army. After periods in South Africa, Bali and Australia, where he lived from 1939, he settled in London from 1948, there exhibiting at RA, NS and RBA. Public galleries in Bratislava, Sydney and Blackburn, Lancashire, hold his work, which is contained in buildings and churches in Britain and abroad. Fleischmann was a devoted Roman Catholic. He was the only artist to sculpt four Popes from life. Among his many other portrait sitters were the industrialist Lord Robens, the singer Kathleen Ferrier and the actor Trevor Howard, in National Portrait Gallery. Fleischmann’s work was originally figurative, becoming more abstract from the 1960s. He was a fellow of the RBS. Died in Tenerife, Spain. Joanna Barnes Fine Arts held a Arthur FLEISCHMANN 1896–1990

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centennial celebration show in 1996, which toured to the Mestke Múzeum, Bratislava, Slovak Republic, and the Slovak Institute, Vienna, Austria, both in 1997. In 2002, the Museum Arthur Fleischmann opened in Bratislava. The Arthur Fleischmann Foundation Ltd was established as a registered charity, website www.fleischmann.org.uk.

printmaking and in watercolour. Glasgow School of Art holds Fleming’s fine picture The Painters Robert Colquhoun and Robert MacBryde, who were his pupils. Died in Aberdeen.

Painter and draughtsman, born in Glasgow. She studied at the School of Art there, 1953–8, and at Patrick Allan-Fraser School of Art, Hospitalfield, Arbroath. Showed Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, RSW of which she was a member and elsewhere. Paisley Art Gallery and the Nuffield Foundation hold her work. Lived in Crail, Fife.

Jean FLEMING 1937–

Painter and lecturer, his figurative work related to public concerns and social issues. After some years in the Royal Navy and British Merchant Navy, Fleming graduated from University of Ulster, Belfast, 1987–91, completing a postgraduate diploma in applied arts in 1992. Ran workshops at Ulster Folk and Transport Museum, Harmony Hill Arts Centre and the Slane Arts and Crafts Gallery. Also lectured to such bodies as the Northern Ireland Patchwork Guild and Quilt Art Workshops as well as his old university. Took part in many group shows in Belfast, including Arts Council Gallery, 1988, and in 1994 Works on Paper and Beyond the Partitions, organised by Queen Street Studios, Belfast, with which he was associated. His solo show Echoes toured Northern Ireland, 1993–4. George FLEMING 1941–

Ian FLEMING 1906–1994 Painter, printmaker and teacher, born in Glasgow where he attended the School of Art, 1924–9. Chika Macnab and Charles Murray were his initial printmaking teachers, then he worked with Robert Sargent Austin and Malcolm Osborne for several months of a travelling scholarship at Royal College of Art, additional studies being made in France and Spain. Fleming taught at Glasgow School of Art, 1931–48, at Hospitalfield from 1948–54, then he was principal of Gray’s School of Art, Aberdeen, 1954–72, where he developed printmaking. Fleming was elected RSA in 1956. Having been a permanent member of the council of the Society of Artist Printmakers, he was in 1974 appointed chairman of Peacock Printmakers. Fleming scored an early success in 1931 when he engraved Gethsemane, bought by the French government and also in the collection of Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art. His later work was notable for experiment both in

Watercolourist, draughtsman and academic registrar at Glasgow School of Art. He was born in Dumbarton, Dunbartonshire, and studied at the Academy there. Went to Glasgow School of Art, 1930–5, his teachers including W O Hutchison, then in 1943 to Art Students’ League of New York. Fleming was made a member of Society of Industrial Artists and Designers, 1956, RSW, 1960, and an honorary member of Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, 1985. Also showed at RSA and in private galleries. Public galleries in Glasgow and Paisley hold examples. Lived finally in Crail, Fife. John B FLEMING 1912–1991

Printmaker, designer and illustrator who showed in range of exhibitions. He was born in Middlesbrough, Yorkshire, and grew up in London. Leaving school in 1963 he rejected formal art training, instead working in an advertising agency. While serving in several agencies he began to make prints, initially lithographs, in 1968 moving back to Yorkshire where he ran his own design business from 1972– 6. After a return to London and becoming a freelance illustrator Fleming gradually concentrated on printmaking. Meticulously detailed areas of printing in otherwise simple images often produced an ethereal, dreamlike result. Ken FLEMING 1944–

Peter FLEMING 1949– Painter and teacher, born in

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London, who studied at Hammersmith College of Art and Building, was married to the Austrian artist

Irmgard Parth and lived in Austria during the summer. He taught part-time for many years and often worked to commission. Fleming exhibited widely in Europe and America, venues including the RA, London, and Galerie Hilger, Vienna. He said that in his pictures he was trying to share “small moments of vision.” Fleming was shortlisted in the 2003 Singer & Friedlander/Sunday Times Watercolour Competition.

Alan FLETCHER 1931– Designer and writer, born in Nairobi, Kenya, who fast rose to fame in the 1960s as one of the first generation of Royal College of Art graduates to call themselves graphic designers. He also studied at the Central School of Arts and Crafts and Yale University School of Art. Fletcher began his career in New York, where he worked for the Container Corporation, Fortune magazine and IBM. After returning to London in 1962 he co-founded Fletcher/Forbes/Gill, which served such clients as Pirelli, Cunard, Penguin Books, British Petroleum and Olivetti. He cofounded Pentagram in 1972 and created design programmes for Reuter, Lucas Industries, The Mandarin Oriental Hotel Group, Victoria & Albert Museum, Lloyd’s of London, Daimler Benz, Arthur Andersen and ABB. In 1992 he left Pentagram to work alone, among his clients Dentsu, London Transport, Shell and Toyota; he was design consultant to Phaidon Press and Novartis Campus. By this time Fletcher had established an international reputation. He gained gold and silver awards from the British Designers & Art Directors’ Association (D&AD), of which he was president in 1973, and from the New York “One Show”. In 1977 he shared the D&AD President’s Award for outstanding contributions to design with Pentagram partner Colin Forbes. The Society of Industrial Artists and Designers in 1982 awarded Fletcher its Annual Medal for outstanding achievement in design; in 1993 he gained The Prince Philip Prize for the Designer of the Year; and in 1994 he was inducted to the “Hall of Fame” of the American Art Directors’ Club. Among Fletcher’s books was Beware Wet Paint, 1996, and The Art of Looking Sideways, 2001. His exhibition Thoughts On A Wall was held at England & Co in 2002.

Versatile, prolific painter and designer, son of the artists Rowland Hilder and Edith Blenkiron. He graduated with first-class honours from Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1961, having studied painting, lithography, etching and design under his father, Sam Rabin and Ivor Roberts-Jones. Flemming then produced racing car designs for clients including Jack Brabham and Bruce McLaren, in 1970 returning to full-time painting. He was a keen yachtsman, manned many vessels and maintained his own yacht on the Medway. Travelled extensively in Europe, often working on the spot, using traditional techniques and a modern palette. Took part in many mixed shows, including RA, RI, RSMA, Wapping Group of Artists, at Cowes Gallery in the Isle of Wight and widely elsewhere in London and the provinces. Solo exhibitions included Duncan Campbell Fine Art, 2001 and 2003. Lived in London. Anthony FLEMMING 1936–

John FLEMONS 1934– Abstract painter and teacher who studied at Chelsea School of Art, 1951–3, then 1955–8. Then went on to University of London Institute of Education, 1958–9, and Birmingham School of Art Education, 1970–1. Flemons won the Morland Lewis Travelling Scholarship (second prize), 1956, (first prize), 1958. He taught at Morley College as head of art and design. Was included in Woodlands Art Gallery 1982 show Artists in Adult Education. Other exhibitions included John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1961, Gallery 273 at Queen Mary College, 1975, and Brunel University, 1977. Had a solo exhibition at Morley Gallery in 1993. Lived in London.

Painter, draughtsman and printmaker, born in Glasgow. He studied at the School of Art there, 1952–5, and was awarded a travelling scholarship to Italy in 1957, where he died in an accident the following year. Consequently Fletcher���s exhibiting career was short, although his work was shown in London and New York in the late 1950s and he was included

Alan FLETCHER 1936–1958

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in Painters in Parallel at Edinburgh College of Art London boroughs hold examples. in 1978. Scottish Arts Council, Dundee and Aberdeen Art Galleries and Glasgow University Eileen FLETCHER 1948– Self-taught painter who began painting in 1970, influenced by medieval, hold his work. Oriental and primitive art and who admired artists Amanda FLETCHER 1960– Painter of still life in the such as Rousseau, Chagall and Richard Dadd, Old Master tradition with a warm, individual style, whose apparently naïve images found a reflection as in her contribution to Old & New at Wolseley in her own acrylics and gouaches on board. Born Fine Arts, at The Gallery in Cork Street, 2002 and in Liverpool, after a period in London she moved 2003. Born in London, Fletcher was educated in to the Isle of Man in the mid-1970s, settling in England and the studio of Cecil Graves, Florence, Laxey and bringing up a family. Group shows Italy. Lived in Sweden from the late 1980s, included RA Summer Exhibition from 1972; 7 travelling widely elsewhere in Europe and in Dials Gallery, 1981; and Summer Show 2 at Serpentine Gallery, 1983. America. Artist-craftsman and teacher who worked for the Coalbrookdale Company, Shropshire, as a boy, from 1885–8 studying part-time at the local School of Art. He was a disciple of the art-into-manufacture-inspired principal Augustus Spencer who, upon becoming head of Leicester School of Art in 1888, took Fletcher onto his staff. When Fletcher succeeded him, 1900–20, he and his students produced many pieces for the Dryad Metal Works, influenced by the Arts and Crafts movement. Fletcher was subsequently principal of Birmingham School of Art, 1920–7. He contributed to The Ethelfloeda Fountain, part of which was subsequently moved to the City Rooms, Leicester.

Frank Morley FLETCHER 1866–1949 Noted colour woodblock printer, painter and teacher, born in Whiston, Lancashire. He studied at Atelier Cormon, in Paris. Fletcher was head of the art department at University College, Reading, 1898– 1906, from 1908 being director of Edinburgh College of Art. In 1923 he left Edinburgh for California, three years later being naturalised an American citizen. Fletcher showed paintings and prints at RA, ROI, RSA, Paris Salon and especially at IS, of whose council he was a member, 1903– 9. He was responsible for promoting the colour woodcut in the Japanese style and in 1916 published Wood-block Printing. Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art holds his colour woodcut Girl Reading.

Benjamin FLETCHER 1868–1951

Doreen FLETCHER 1952– Painter and teacher, born

in Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, who depicted urban landscapes, which included London’s East End where she lived, and latterly views of southern France eastern Europe. Did a foundation course at Newcastle School of Art, 1972–3, then gained distinctions at Croydon College of Art and Design, 1973–6. From 1982 was a visiting lecturer at Croydon College and elsewhere in London. Later awards included a prize in the Art of Housing Competition, 1997–8. She took part in extensive group shows. Exhibited solo at City Museum & Art Gallery, Stoke, 1980, later ones including Wigmore Hall and Ogilvy & Estill, Conway, both 1999. Public galleries in Stoke and Newcastle, Foreign Office, Corporation of London and several

Geoffrey FLETCHER 1923–2004 Draughtsman in pen,

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ink and wash, painter in oils, illustrator and writer, born in Bolton, Lancashire, to which he finally returned. After studying at the Bolton School of Art, in 1945 Fletcher attended the Slade School of Fine Art under Randolph Schwabe. London became Fletcher’s enduring interest and during these early years he relaxed in the capital’s remaining music-halls which, with the songs he learnt in them and offbeat aspects of the city, remained a passion. While still at University College he studied with Sir Albert Richardson at the Bartlett School of Architecture. In 1950 Fletcher’s drawings began to appear in The Manchester Guardian and he contributed to

Sphere, recording old and changing London, in 1958 being taken on by The Daily Telegraph. During the next 30 years hundreds of his drawings accompanied its diary column. Fletcher’s first book was The London Nobody Knows, 1962, and a documentary film with that title, directed by Norman Cohen, scripted by Fletcher, with James Mason as the guide, was produced by British Lion Films in 1967. Another 17 London-oriented titles appeared, the last being London a Private View, 1990. Fletcher also produced The Elements of Sketching, in 1966, one of several such manuals. He campaigned for the preservation of the best of historic London, being aggrieved at such wanton destruction as the demolition of The Coal Exchange. His work became so well known that on one occasion, as he was sketching, a passer-by tapped him on the shoulder and said: “You must change your style. You are too much like Geoffrey Fletcher.” Fletcher also travelled in France, the Netherlands and Italy, the last documented in his book Italian Impressions, 1974, also drawing the figure and still life. He exhibited at the RA, RBA, NEAC and in the north of England. The Guildhall Library print room and Guildhall Art Gallery hold large collections of his work, the latter organising the exhibition Geoffrey Fletcher’s City Sights in 2005.

Lived for some years in Earley, Berkshire.

Michael FLETCHER 1944– Painter and teacher, born in Gloucestershire, who studied at Chelsea School of Art, 1962–6. He went on to teach at Putney School of Art and was included in 1982 Woodlands Art Gallery show Artists in Adult Education. Other exhibitions included Young Contemporaries and Arts Council’s Young Contemporaries Travelling Exhibition, 1965, LG from 1973 and South London Art Gallery, 1980.

Paul Wilfred FLETCHER 1928– Sculptor and teacher, born in Harold Wood, Essex, who studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art under Sam Rabin and Ivor Roberts-Jones, 1949–52, then at the Royal College of Art, 1952–6, with John Skeaping and Leon Underwood. He taught at Hammersmith and Ravensbourne Schools of Art and Bournemouth & Poole College of Art. Fletcher joined the RBS in 1958, resigning in 1992, by which time he was a fellow, from 1997 being a member of the SPS. Group exhibitions included RA Summer Exhibition; Summerleaze and Bruton Galleries; and The Gallery in Cork Street. Fletcher carried out many public commissions for banks, schools, churches, building societies and development schemes, private commissions coming from Sir Hugh Casson, Gordon Maynard, Hanslip FLETCHER 1874–1955 Watercolour painter Henry Morris, Hugh Harrison and others. Lived and printmaker with a special interest in London’s at Brinecombe, Templecombe, Somerset. architecture. Born in London, he was educated at Rosamund M B FLETCHER 1914–1993 Sculptor and Merchant Taylors’ School. Became a member of letterer, daughter of the artist William Blandford the Art Workers’ Guild. Fletcher’s work featured Fletcher, born in Dorking, Surrey. She studied at regularly in London’s serious daily and Sunday Ruskin School of Drawing in Oxford and Slade newspapers, and he exhibited RA, Goupil Gallery, School of Fine Art. Was a member of the Guild of NEAC, RI and in other London galleries. The Lettering Craftsmen and a fellow of RBS. Guildhall Library and Southampton Art Gallery Fletcher’s work was heavily biased towards hold his pictures. Lived in London. religious subjects. She showed at RA and RBA,

but much of her output is in churches, schools and in Bradford, Yorkshire, where he studied and taught religious houses in Britain and abroad, as in St at College of Art. His teachers there, 1915–18, Mary’s Convent, Ascot; St Mary’s Roman Catholic included Fred Stead. Was then at St Martin’s School Primary School in Wimbledon; and Richmond of Art under John Allen, 1921–2, after spending Roman Catholic Secondary School. In 1948 1920 in Paris at Atelier Colarossi. Showed at RA, Fletcher gained both the RBS’s Feodora Gleichen Goupil Salon RBA and widely in the provinces. Memorial Fund award and Olympic Bronze Medal. Henry FLETCHER 1901– Painter and teacher, born

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She lived in Oxford, later at St Francis Convent, explore relationships made on a personal, cultural Braintree, Essex. and international level.” Flewitt did a fine art foundation course at Wirral Metropolitan College, Saul FLETCHER 1967– Artist employing Birkenhead, 1999, then was a graduate student at photography, born in Barton, Yorkshire, who North West Wales Institute, Wrexham, until 2002. worked as a stevedore in Hull, 1983–9. Took part From 1998, she carried out a series of commissions, in group shows at Photographers’ Gallery from including Groundwork Wirral, Ellesmere Port, 1995; in Photography, Drawing at Anton Kern chainsaw sculpting project, 2001; Artswave, Kisses Gallery, New York, America, 1997; and View One, Across the Irish Sea, Wales and Ireland, from 2003; Mary Boone Gallery, New York, 1998. Anton Kern and Artscare, Building Blocks, Carmarthen, from gave Fletcher solo exhibitions from 1997; Sadie 2004. Among her group exhibitions were Black Coles HQ in 1998; and Kolnischer Kunstverein, Sheep Gallery, Hawarden, 2001; Sam Slone Cologne, Germany, 1999. Lived in London. Gallery, Edinburgh, 2002; West Wales Arts Centre, Fishguard, from 2003; and Sculpture Cymru James FLETCHER-WATSON 1913–2004 Watercolourist, mainly of landscape, and teacher, Group, Terrasa, Barcelona, Spain, 2004. She lived Little Newcastle, Haverfordwest, born in Coulsdon, Surrey. He was a student at Royal in Pembrokeshire. Academy School of Architecture, gaining a silver

medal for design, 1936, but as a watercolourist was essentially self-taught, between 1930–4, concentrating on Cotman and the Norwich School. During World War II he was in the Army as a major, working in camouflage and runway construction in India and Burma. He taught at summer schools and wrote several instructional books. FletcherWatson was elected RI in 1952, RBA in 1957. He showed at RA and at Paris Salon in mixed exhibitions and had solo shows in own gallery at Windrush, Oxfordshire, where he lived, in Australia and America and at Chris Beetles Ltd, 1989. Fletcher-Watson said that he was “a strong believer that we should maintain the traditional thread from the early watercolourists right through to the future and let the modern ideas come and go as they please on the way.”

Painter and draughtsman, born in Germany, who moved to England in 1939. In 1954–5 he was included in an exhibition called Four Palettes at Derby Museum and Art Gallery. The year after he died Derby was given three pictures by Fliess’ brother, Dr Robert Fleiss of New York, through the artist Clifford Hall. Ben Uri Art Society also holds examples. Charles W FLIESS

Painter, born in Findochty, Banffshire. Studied at Gray’s School of Art, Aberdeen, under D M Sutherland. Showed RA, RSA, SSA, Leicester and Redfern Galleries and NEAC. Lived for many years in London. Alex FLETT 1914–

Sonya Dawn FLEWITT 1967– Sculptor-artist who wrote that her work “develops primarily through body casting and expressive painting. Working between the figurative and expressive forms, I use plaster, aluminium, canvas and wet mediums to

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1899–1956

Claude FLIGHT 1881–1955 Painter, printmaker, interior designer and sculptor. Born in London, Flight trained as an engineer, then became a librarian, in 1906 beginning seven years of beekeeping and farming in Sussex. Began to study at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art, resuming his studies in 1918 after Army service, with a special interest in lino-cutting, of which he was to become a master. In the 1920s began to exhibit on the continent, in 1925 having lino-cuts bought by the Contemporary Art Society and the British Museum. Two years later formed interior decorating business with the artist Edith Lawrence, experimenting with lino-cutting, textiles, picture panels and wall hangings. In 1931 had one-man show at Redfern Gallery, in 1935 a joint exhibition with Edith Lawrence at the French Gallery. They were responsible for the First Exhibition of British LinoCuts at the Redfern in 1929, an annual event until 1937. During World War II many of Flight’s

London News, Sketch and Tatler. He wrote for The Artist and The Studio and several books on watercolour painting. Lived at Burgess Hill, Sussex.

paintings and colour blocks were destroyed by enemy action. For a time Flight was editor of Arts and Crafts Quarterly, and he also published a number of books, including Lino-Cuts. S C KainesSmith called Flight “the only true futurist that this country has produced”. His vital, dynamic prints were early recognised as masterpieces in a neglected medium. In later life lived with Edith Lawrence at Donhead St Andrew, Wiltshire. Memorial show at Parkin Gallery, 1973.

Painter and teacher, born in Woking, Surrey. Studied at Kingston School of Art and Royal College of Art and eventually became principal of Eastbourne School of Art, latterly the College of Art and Design. The local Towner Art Gallery holds his work. Lived in Eastbourne, Alex Russell FLINT 1974– Representational painter Sussex. included in Artists of Fame & Promise at Panter & Hall, 2003, by which time Flint had shown Purves FLINT 1883–1947 Landscape artist and nationally. Studied with Ted Seth Jacobs at L’École printmaker, born in Edinburgh, son of the artist Albert Defois, in the Loire Valley, France, and at Francis Wighton Flint and younger brother of the painter William Russell Flint. His full name was Studio Charles H Cecil, Florence, Italy. Robert Purves Flint. He was educated at Daniel E M FLINT 1883–1968 Painter and teacher, born in Stewart’s College in Edinburgh and served in the Loughborough, Leicestershire. She attended Army in France in World War I. He was a member Birmingham School of Art. From 1914 she was of RSW and an associate of RWS and was a prolific principal of Lichfield School of Art and from 1915– exhibitor, also showing at Leicester Galleries, Fine 49 art director of Queen Mary’s Grammar School Art Society, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine for Boys, Walsall, where she originally went Arts and elsewhere. Lived for many years in temporarily and made a lasting impression. Known Whitstable, Kent. as Emma, she was acknowledged to be a strict disciplinarian who did not suffer fools gladly; she Robert FLINT 1880– Sculptor in wood and stone, was also a character, who prior to World War I was born at Shoreham-on-Sea, Sussex. Studied at riding a motorcycle with her mother in the sidecar. Putney School of Art under Charles Doman, 1929– Shortly before her death she was made mayor and 39, then City and Guilds, London, 1939–41. He when she successfully fought to get an art gallery exhibited at the RA and in the provinces and his in Walsall it was named after her. Miss Flint set work is held by Russell-Cotes Art Gallery and up Queen Mary Grammar School’s art sixth form Museum, Bournemouth. Was elected RMS in 1948. and in the year after her death 32 old boys were Lived at Southwick, Sussex, and was a member attending Birmingham School of Art. Showed at of the Society of Sussex Artists. RA, RBSA and RWA and lived in Walsall, William Russell FLINT 1880–1969 Watercolourist, Staffordshire. printmaker and illustrator, born in Edinburgh. He Geoffrey FLINT 1919–

was the son of the artist Francis Wighton Flint, painter. Studied at the Grosvenor School of Modern elder brother of the landscape painter Purves Flint Art, Royal Academy Schools and in Paris. Son of and father of the artist Francis Russell Flint. Sir William Russell Flint, RA, Francis was an Apprenticed when he left school to a firm of official Admiralty artist who exhibited at the RA, lithographers, Flint attended art classes, and after RSA, elsewhere in Britain, Africa, Canada and the moving to London at the turn of the century worked USA. His pictures were mainly of marine subjects as a medical illustrator before joining The and they were reproduced in many publications, Illustrated London News’ staff. In his spare time including Royal Academy Illustrated, Illustrated he studied at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art. His Francis Russell FLINT 1915–1977 Oil and watercolour

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first book illustration success was H Rider Haggard’s King Solomon’s Mines, 1905, to be followed by many titles including The Song of Songs, 1909, Charles Kingsley’s The Heroes, 1912, and Homer’s The Odyssey, 1924. Took up etching, which he studied at Hammersmith School of Art, 1914. After service in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve and Royal Air Force in World War I Flint continued to establish his reputation as a technically superb watercolourist and skilled etcher. His books, such as Models of Propriety, 1951, and Minxes Admonished or Beauty Reproved, 1955, gained him great popularity, along with prints produced for wide distribution, but his concentration on semidraped pin-ups in continental settings took him out of critical favour. He was a prolific exhibitor, especially at Fine Art Society, RWS, RSW and RWA, and his work is in many public collections around the world. Elected RA, 1933, and knighted, 1947. Lived in London.

Leeds, 1996. In 1993 Flood completed a series of etchings of the playwright Samuel Beckett, A Beckett Metamorphosis, and The Leeds Centenary Print Edition, both published by Sheeran Lock Fine Art. Two years later, Flood finished a residency with Opera North; in 1996 was commissioned by the Christian charity Caring for Life to produce drypoint etchings; and in 1996–7 Opera North commissioned Flood for portrait work. Commissioned portraits included Geoffrey Lehmann, R A Clegg, Charles and Elizabeth Noble and the Solabarrieta family. National Library of Ireland, West Yorkshire Playhouse, Leeds City Art Gallery and Leeds General Infirmary and Thomas Danby College hold examples. Flood was based in Leeds.

Painter of pictures and murals working in tempera and watercolour. Born in London, sister of the sculptor Francis W Sargant, she studied at the Slade School Helen FLOCKHART 1963– Painter, born in Hamilton, of Fine Art under Alphonse Legros and in Paris, Lanarkshire. She studied at Glasgow School of partly at Atelier Colarossi. Exhibited RA, NEAC, Art, 1980–5, then in following year at State Higher SWA and elsewhere. She was interested in the School of Fine Art in Poznan, Poland. Flockhart’s theory of colour, on which she wrote. The Tate work was reminiscent of primitive paintings and Gallery owns her work. She designed her own was influenced by naïve, folk art pictures and icons. house at Marlow, Buckinghamshire, but died at Woman’s role as Maiden, Madonna and Mother Twickenham, Middlesex. were features of her meticulously painted canvases. She showed solo in Poznan in 1986 and at Ron FLORENCE 1935– Sculptor, conservator and Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, 1990. In 1992–3 restorer, originally known as Ron Florenz, a South she appeared in Through Women’s Eyes at African who moved to Nottingham in the late Edinburgh City Art Centre. Won the Noble Grossart 1960s, who for a time ran a gallery there at Canning Painting Prize, 2000, in 2001 having a solo Circus. He came of a talented family, his brother exhibition, The Verdant Maze, at Rebecca Hossack being the London impresario Norman Florenz, his Gallery, with another there, Dryland, Wetlands, in nephew Trevor Jones, who wrote acclaimed music for the 1981 John Boorman-directed Arthurian film 2003. Scottish Arts Council holds her work. Excalibur. Florence went on to run Florence Alan FLOOD 1951– Painter and etcher, born in Conservation and Restoration in Long Eaton, Lancashire, who attended Blackburn School of Art Nottingham. Among his portrait sculptures was a and Leeds School of Fine Art. He began his career joint one in bronze of HRH The Prince of Wales as a freelance illustrator, but after six years resumed and Lady Diana Spencer, shown at Mall Galleries painting. Flood’s subjects included portraits, in 1981. He also sculpted Dame Joan Sutherland, cityscapes, interiors and still life. Exhibitions the opera singer, and Dr George Birkbeck, founder included Blackburn and Manchester City Art of the Mechanics’ Institute. Desford County Galleries, National Portrait Gallery, Leeds Primary School has Florence’s stylised cold-cast University Gallery and Opera North Grand Theatre, bronze and steel Child and Bird, presented in 1983. Mary Sargant FLORENCE 1857–1954

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Ron FLORENZ: see Ron Florence

University of Essex Gallery, Colchester, 2000; Migration, Focal Point and Norwich Arts Centre, 2001 and 2002 respectively; and Over The River, firstsite, Colchester/Wolsey Art Gallery, Ipswich, 2002. Lived in Gestingthorpe, Essex.

Cedric FLOWER 1920–2000 Painter, draughtsman, stage designer, illustrator and writer, born in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, eventually settling in the state at Werri Beach. Flower left school to work as a commercial artist, attending evening classes at the Dattilo Rubbo Studio. From 1950–5 he was overseas, in Britain “making a living in the more mundane branches of advertising” and taking part in the first Australian Artists’Association exhibition at the RWS Conduit Street gallery, 1953. Back in Australia, he had many solo shows in Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide, becoming known for pictures with a strong decorative quality. His books include Duck and Cabbage Tree, 1968; The Antipodes Observed, 1974; and Illustrated History of New South Wales, 1981. National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, and other Australian public collections hold examples.

Landscape painter. Initially educated in Switzerland, he studied art under Bertram Nicholls, then went on to show at the RA, RBA and ROI, also becoming a member of the Society of Sussex Painters. His work was reproduced by the art dealer Frost and Reed and the greetings card firm Raphael Tuck. Lived at Steyning, Sussex. Peter FLOWERS 1916–1950

Christina FLOYD 1949– Artist

and teacher, born in London, who studied at Central School of Art, 1968–9, Hornsey College of Art, 1969–72, then Royal College of Art, 1972–5. She taught at University of Pittsburgh, in America, 1975–8, later teaching part-time at Stourbridge College of Art and Hull College of Higher Education. Group shows included Northern Young Contemporaries, at Whitworth Art Gallery in Manchester, 1974; Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, 1976; and Summer Show 3 at Serpentine Gallery, 1980. There she exhibited work in a variety of media. Solo exhibitions included, 1977, University of Pittsburgh, which holds her work, as does Leicester Education Authority. Lived in Ilford, Essex.

Painter, designer and teacher, born in Ashbourne, Derbyshire. Flower attended Cardiff College of Art, 1947–53, then held a number of teaching posts, returning to Cardiff College, 1964, to study graphics and photography. He then joined Rhondda Borough Council, in Wales, as a graphic designer and photographer. Showed Royal National Eisteddfod, SWG and WAC, which holds his work. Nigel A FLOWER 1931–1985

Sculptor, photographer and teacher who graduated with honours in fine art, sculpture, at Goldsmiths’ College, gaining a master’s in sequential illustration and photography at the University of Brighton. Taught the art foundation course at Braintree College, 1992–5 (also having a residency there), then was senior lecturer, University of Brighton, from 1995. Other residencies included schools for the visually impaired, dockyards and salerooms. Won a photography commission, Beaford Photographic Archive, north Devon, and a sculpture commission, Stitching Promoties, Hook of Holland, Netherlands, both 2000, and a photography bursary, Focal Point Gallery, Southend/Norwich Arts Centre, 2001. Exhibitions included This Flat Earth, Terry FLOWER 1953–

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Donald Henry FLOYD 1892–1965 Painter of the Monmouthshire landscape, born in Plymouth, Devon, where he studied at Plymouth College, 1908–12, with the Cornish artist John Barlow. During World War I served with the Devon Regiment in India and Egypt, painting while offduty. In 1920 married a Newport, Monmouthshire, teacher Annie Rogers, moving to Chepstow to live. Became a regular exhibitor at RA, 1920–1950. In 1948, was commissioned by Ceylon government to produce a suite of 68 pictures to celebrate independence. Many public and private collections hold Floyd’s work, shown in A Feeling for Landscape by Newport Museum and Art Gallery in 1998.

Joan FLOYD: see Joan MANNING-SANDERS

island of Ibiza, 1951. In 1953 he took part in the first Australian Artists’ Association exhibition at the RWS Conduit Street gallery and had a solo show of paintings at the Piccadilly Gallery. Flugelman held a number of teaching posts in Australia, notably at the University of Wollongong, where he was made a professional fellow from 1991. After early developing as a painter, despite the crippling limitations of polio he became noted as a sculptor, winning many awards and competitions, his metal sculptures being well suited to public places. Commissions included University of New South Wales, 1964; Festival Hall, Adelaide, 1973; and Lawrence Hargrave Memorial, Wollongong, 1988. Later solo exhibitions included Irving Sculpture Gallery, Sydney, 1988. National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Wollongong University and other Australian public galleries hold examples.

Ceal FLOYER 1968– Artist employing slide projection and such objects as bulb and flex, and film, who was born in Karachi, Pakistan. Obtained a degree in theatre studies at Dartington College of Arts, 1989–90; did an art and design foundation course at Sir John Cass School of Art and Design, 1990–1; obtaining a degree in fine art at Goldsmiths’ College, 1991–4. Group shows included Hit & Run, Tufton Street, 1992; Fast Surface, Chisenhale Gallery, 1993; General Release, Scuola di San Pasquale, Venice, 1995; British Art Show 4, with tour, 1995–6; and Days Like These, Tate Britain, 2003. She had solo shows at Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, 2001, and Lisson Gallery, 2002 and 2006. Humour was a defining factor in Floyer’s work, her dry wit often depending on double meanings and careful timing.

Peter FLUCK 1941– Versatile artist and illustrator Brian FLYNN 1964– Artist, born in Toronto, Ontario, who studied at Cambridge High School for Boys Canada, who did a foundation year at Dundas and School of Art and who became famous when Valley School of Art there, 1985–6; gained an the Luck and Flaw partnership, formed with Roger honours diploma in painting at Alberta College of Law, 1974–82, spawned the hugely successful 18- Art, 1988–92; then his master’s in fine art at series television satire Spitting Image, which ran University of Ulster, from 2001. Showed widely from 1982–94. Prior to that, Fluck had worked as in Canada, including The Object Singular: The an artist-reporter and illustrator, 1961–70, then as paintings of Brian Flynn and Mary Lottridge, Art cartoonist and caricaturist, 1970–82. From 1994, Gallery of Peel, Brampton, 1999. He was also he was a freelance artist and sculptor of abstract included in Small Islands, Big Ideas: New work kinetics, with interests in ceramics, printmaking by artists based at the Queen Street Studio, Belfast, and electronic music working with the University at Irish Art Centre, New York, America, in 2001; of York. Fluck’s exhibitions included Chaotic and in 2002 was in Souvenirs, DeLeon White Constructions (with Tony Myatt), Tate Gallery St Gallery, Toronto, and in The Hunting Art Prizes, Ives and Edinburgh International Festival, both at Royal College of Art. There, Flynn showed The 1997; RIBA, 1999; and in 2004 the Study Gallery Power Dot Series, “a very important departure”. in Poole and Yew Tree Gallery in Cornwall, where In these, he “contrasted imagery and icons from he lived at Cadgwith. various art historical periods with more contemporary references,” being interested in “the Herbert FLUGELMAN 1923– Sculptor, painter, printmaker and teacher, Bert Flugelman was born difference between past and present aesthetics.” in Vienna, Austria, settling in Australia in 1938. Lived in Belfast.

He attended the National Art School and East Sydney Technical College, both in Sydney, 1947– 50, then travelled and worked in Britain, continental Europe and America, 1951–6. Support from the RA enabled Flugelman to work on the

Painter, sculptor in ceramic and metal, printmaker and teacher, born in Ireland. Over many years of exhibiting in mixed and solo shows Flynn built a name primarily as a sculptor whose work had a notable animal energy, its own

Michael FLYNN 1947–

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symbolism, humour and a special concern with organs of touch. His reputation was especially strong on the continent, where he worked and taught, as he did in colleges of art in Britain. Group shows included International Print Biennale, Epinal, France, 1977; Fire and Smoke, Midland Group, Nottingham, and touring, 1983–4; Sculpture from Wales, Oxford Gallery, 1987; and Gainsborough’s House, Sudbury, 1991. Selected one-man exhibitions included painting, Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, 1975; Sculpture in Ceramic and Bronze, 3D Gallery, Bristol, 1986; Goya Gallery, Antwerp, 1991; and Martin Tinney Gallery, Cardiff, 1993. Flynn’s ceramics were included in A Serious Magic at Newport Museum & Art Gallery, 2004–5. Crawford Municipal Art Gallery, Cork; Crafts Council; and Victoria & Albert Museum hold his work. Lived in Cardiff.

University School of Architecture, 1995, with two others in 1996 at Royal Northern College of Music, Manchester, and Galerie Zunge, Berlin, Germany, another at Tib Lane Gallery, Manchester, 2004.

Pat FOGARTY 1940–1999 Illustrator, painter of portraits and abstracts, photographer and teacher, born in Cradock, Cape Province, South Africa, full name Patricia Marion Fogarty, who retained her childhood nickname Piffy. She was a charismatic figure, small and combative, a natural entertainer and mimic who was obsessed by Hollywood movies and who became a skilled punter on the horses. Lived for a time with her farming family in Grootfontein in what was to become Namibia. Graduated in art from Port Elizabeth Technical College, 1959–62, but disliked Apartheid and in 1965 moved to England where she taught art. She also painted on the Greek island Skiathos; designed film posters in Paris; then returned to England in 1975, settling in north London. There she took up freelance commercial illustration, noted for her working speed. Clients included The Daily Telegraph, Reader’s Digest, Tesco and Penguin Books, for which she completed a classic bookjacket portrait of the writer John Mortimer. As computer-generated images eroded the need for her type of work, Fogarty, who had been for several years a volunteer for the Lesbian and Gay Switchboard, began studying therapy and counselling and helped out at an HIV/Aids centre. Died of cancer.

Trevor FLYNN 1955– Artist who gained a Leicester

Polytechnic graduation travel award, 1975–8. Group appearances included Whitechapel Open, Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1984; A London Reflected, Artworks Space, 1985; The South Bank Picture Show, Royal Festival Hall, 1987; and MA Degree Show, at Goldsmiths’ College, and East End Open Studios, with Barbican Arts Group, both 1989. In 1986 Flynn had a solo show with the Mario Flecha Gallery.

Florian FOERSTER 1968– Printmaker, painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in Oldenburg, West Germany, who moved to England in 1989. He did a foundation course at Manchester Polytechnic, 1989–90, from 1990–3 obtaining a fine art degree, art and design, at Liverpool and Manchester Polytechnics, specialising in printmaking (in 1991 spending several months travelling in Brazil, studying printmaking at the Museu Lasar Segall, São Paulo). From 1993–4, taught printmaking parttime at Salford University College. Between 1994– 7, Foerster obtained a structural engineering degree at Manchester Victoria University. Group exhibitions included Skelmersdale Arts Centre, 1993; MAFA Open, 1994 (awarded a print prize, another in 1996); Tib Lane Gallery, Manchester, from 1994. Had a solo exhibition at Liverpool

Painter, ceramic sculptor and teacher, born in Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire. From 1942–4 she studied at Preston and Liverpool Arts Schools part-time, then worked widely in England and Wales as a radiographer during the rest of the war. In 1945 settled in North Wales and studied etching and sculpture, in 1964–7 studying painting and ceramics at Bath Academy of Art, Corsham. Did a variety of teaching in the Oswestry, Shropshire, area where she lived. Fogg was a member of WIAC, The Welsh Group and Free Painters and Sculptors. Showed at Royal National Eisteddfod, RCamA, WAC and elsewhere and had a series of solo shows. Among her commissions

Mary FOGG 1918–

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was a Mother and Child for St John’s Church, sold well. Years later, Canadians would seek out Stoke-on-Trent. University College of Wales, Foggie’s Scottish works. Showed at Royal Aberystwyth, holds her work. Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, RSA, SSA, Aberdeen Artists’ Society, RSW and elsewhere. David FOGGIE 1878–1948 Painter, draughtsman and Solo shows included Old Gala House, Galashiels, teacher, born in Dundee, where he studied at the 1952, and Galashiels Public Library, 1972. Lived High School. Encouraged by the local Art Society partly in Edinburgh, partly in Mull, where he died. and with £30, Foggie went to Antwerp to study art, remaining ten months on that sum. After further Brian FOJCIK 1960– Figurative painter and studies there Foggie established himself as an artist draughtsman, born in Kirkcaldy, Fife, who studied in Dundee. In 1919 he moved to Edinburgh, where at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee, he obtained a part-time teaching post at the College 1979–83, with a postgraduate year, 1983–4. Prizes of Art, held until 1939. Foggie was elected RSA included John Milne Prize in Painting; George in 1930, six years after being made RSW, then in Duncan of Drumfork Travelling Scholarship, both 1932 he was made secretary of the Academy, a at Duncan of Jordanstone; Elizabeth Greenshields post he held until his unexpected death during an Award, 1988; and Maude Gemmell Hutchison attack of asthma, which had plagued him since his Prize, RSA Summer Exhibition. Fojcik was elected early thirties. Foggie’s abilities as a fine painter to SSA in 1992 and to SSWA in 1993. Group shows and superlative draughtsman have been for many included Gallery 22 and Compass Gallery, both in years underrated. He was a master of the human Glasgow, and RSA, all 1988; RA Summer figure, but he never became a society portraitist Exhibition, 1989; and Roots, Kirkcaldy Museum and lack of commissions forced him to select and Art Gallery, 1993. Had a solo show at Gallery models from manual workers, professional models, 22, Cupar, 1984, later ones including The Scottish members of his own family or friends – especially Gallery in Edinburgh, from 1993, and Thackeray people of character. He painted at every Gallery, 1996. opportunity. Examples of his work are in galleries in Dundee, Paisley, Edinburgh, Aberdeen, Glasgow Peter FOLDES 1924–1977 Artist and film director, and elsewhere. The National Portrait Gallery has animator and scriptwriter, born in Budapest, a series of Edinburgh portraits. Centenary show Hungary. He studied at Courtauld Institute from 1978 at Dundee Museums and Art Galleries. His 1946, also at Slade School of Fine Art and had an son was the painter Neil Foggie. Lived in exhibition at Hanover Gallery, 1953. At the Courtauld, Foldes met his future wife, Joan, also Edinburgh. born in 1924. They were encouraged to make films Neil FOGGIE 1912–1995 Artist and teacher, born in by John Halas (who with Joy Batchelor made the Balmullow, Fife, son of the artist David Foggie pioneering 1955 British cartoon film Animal Farm, and married to the painter Margaret Hendry. Foggie based on George Orwell’s novel). Peter and Joan was predominantly a landscape painter, mostly in made two together, the latter, A Short Vision, being oil, who drew cartoons as Du Brouillard. He screened at Tate Britain in 2003, an animated attended Edinburgh College of Art, 1930–4. Was painting preoccupied with the threat of nuclear art master at Dollar Academy, 1934–48 (interrupted war. In the year that film appeared, Foldes returned by war service with the Argyll & Sutherland to painting, moving to Paris, then resumed filming, Highlanders, where he rose to major), then was having his greatest success in France from the midprincipal art teacher at Galashiels Academy, 1948– 1960s. Among his titles was Bilitis, 1968, and a 72. In 1955–6 Foggie made a teaching exchange Canadian film, La Faim, about world famine, 1973. to Toronto, Canada, where modern Canadian In the year of his death a documentary about Foldes, painting, especially the work of the Group of Image de Peter Foldes, drew attention to his Seven, impressed him, and where he showed and contribution as an early computer-animation man. 66

Tate Gallery archive has his striking Self-Portrait, 1953. After Peter Foldes died in Paris, his wife continued to live there. She made other animated and live action films and wrote poetry.

Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and was a member of Chelsea Arts Club. Sometimes signed work E F. Ted Folkard lived latterly in Builth Wells, Powys, having moved to Wales in 1972, and solo exhibitions in the principality, where he became Sydney FOLEY 1916–2001 Representational painter, recognised for wood-carvings in churches. Other especially of scenes with a watery theme. These materials employed included ciment fondu and included the Rivers Thames and Medway, East clay. Aged 91, Folkard wrote: “I truly believe that Anglia and on the continent, especially Venice. my work is improving. I have been called a Born in London, Foley attended Tottenham County ‘liberated academic’. I like to have adventures with School, winning a Saturday morning scholarship clay.” Folkard’s later output included a six-foot to Hornsey School of Art until World War II figure of Gaia, the earth goddess, commemorating interrupted. He joined the Royal Artillery, 1939– the 1993 National Eisteddfod and sited at the entry 46, after D-Day serving in France and northwest to County Hall, Powys, and a life-size figure of Europe, on demobilisation returning to a career in Henry VII, centrally placed in Hay-on-Wye. education administration with Surrey County Museum of Modern Art, New York, America, and Council. From 1963 was able to devote more time National Museum, Tokyo, Japan, hold examples. to painting, showing with the ROI (winning its Stanley Grimm Prize) and RSMA, of both of which Peter FOLKES 1923– Painter in oil, watercolour and he was a member, the London Sketch Club and the acrylic, and teacher, born in Beaminster, Dorset. Wapping Group of Artists of which he was Studied at West of England College of Art, Bristol, president, 1992–7. Had several solo shows with 1941–50, his studies being interrupted by Army The Century Gallery, Datchet, which held one in service, 1942–7, abroad. He went on to become his memory, 2001. Lived at Laleham, Surrey. head of the department of fine art, Southampton Institute of Higher Education, retiring in 1989. Charles FOLKARD 1878–1963 Illustrator and painter, Became a tutor for Artscape Painting Holidays and born in London, father of the sculptor Edward a consultant and demonstrator for Winsor & Folkard. He attended Goldsmiths’ College School Newton. In 1963 Folkes won a Goldsmiths’ of Art, Blackheath, Sidcup and St John’s Wood Travelling Scholarship which enabled him to travel Schools of Art and is most famous for creating the widely in America. In 1959 he was elected RWA, comic strip for children Teddy Tail in the Daily in 1969 RI, holding senior positions with both Mail in 1915, which lasted for 45 years. Also drew bodies. Had a series of solo shows, beginning with for other newspapers, for magazines and illustrated Rumbold Gallery, Midhurst, 1962, later ones several dozen books. These include Aesop’s Fables, including RWA, 1986, and St Paul’s School 1912; Mother Goose’s Nursery Rhymes, 1919; and Gallery, 1992. Arts Council and RWA hold his George Macdonald’s The Princess and the Goblin, work. Lived in Swaythling, Southampton. 1949. Lived in London for some years, finally in Heathfield, Sussex. Ron FOLLAND 1932–1999 Largely self-taught artist in oil, acrylic and watercolour, who studied for a Edward FOLKARD 1911– Sculptor, of figurative time in Paris having been born in Portsmouth, work and teacher, son of the illustrator Charles Hampshire. He was noted for his landscapes, Folkard, born in London. He studied at Goldsmiths’ especially of English villages. Folland twice College School of Art and the Royal Academy achieved the number one position in the Fine Art Schools and was elected a fellow of the RBS in Trade Guild nationwide poll and was for many 1955. His teachers included Clive Gardiner, Walter years from 1965 rated in the Top Ten Artists Poll Russell and John Skeaping. Taught at Royal more times than any artist. His solo shows included College of Art. Showed at RA, RBA, LG and Royal Frost & Reed, Bristol, from 1976; To-Day, 67

Southern Television, from same year; Frost & Reed, Worthing, 1978; and St Helier, Jersey, 1980. His limited-edition prints sold widely and included Spires of Paris, Springtime in London and Dimanche. Collectors around the world hold examples. Lived in Ickenham, Middlesex.

Academy. Lived in Bristol.

Victorine FOOT 1920–2000 Artist in oil, watercolour

and pastel and teacher, born in Pembury, Kent, from 1946 married to the sculptor Eric Schilsky. She studied at Central School of Arts and Crafts, Chelsea School of Art and Edinburgh College of Ursula FOOKES 1906–1991 Lino-cutter and painter Art, teachers including Morris Kestelman, Ceri in oil and watercolour, whose early life is a mystery. Richards, Leonard Rosoman and William Gillies. She studied at the Grosvenor School of Modern After settling in Edinburgh she taught at the Art, 1929–30. Her highly stylized work showed College. Foot was one of Jack Beddington’s Young the influence of one of its founders, Claude Flight, Artists of Promise in the 1957 book of that title. who included it in exhibitions at the Ward Gallery Painting “moments that surprise me”, she exhibited in the 1930s, a period when Fookes travelled and at LG, NEAC, RA, RSA and SSA in mixed shows, painted abroad with her artist friend Pauline Logan, having several solo exhibitions at Scottish Gallery, with whom she shared a studio in Pimlico, and Edinburgh, from 1969. Scottish Arts Council and produced more conventional Post-Impressionist War Artists’ Advisory Committee acquired her works. These were exhibited at NEAC, and she work, Foot having worked under the Directorate also showed at Redfern Gallery and SWA. In 1939 of Camouflage during World War II. Fookes, her mother and an aunt moved to Lymington, Hampshire, where she did war work, Winslow FOOT 1939– Sculptor, painter and teacher then she travelled to the continent in 1945, running who studied at Philadelphia Museum College of a mobile canteen for the troops. Later settled in Art in America, 1956–9, concentrating on sculpture Norfolk and bird watching became a keen interest, and three-dimensional design. He returned to while the art work had diminished. It was only England, instructed in sculpture and photography after her death that a body of pictures was found, at Plymouth College of Art, then from 1963–8 reviving interest in her earlier output, and dealers taught at Leeds College of Art and was included began to show them. Fookes’ diary of her time in in its staff exhibition The Teaching Image at Leeds Germany, 1945–6, was edited for private City Art Gallery, 1964. Was later on the staff of circulation by Alan Guest, a copy being placed in Wolverhampton Polytechic in the product design department, then lived in London. In the 1980s, the Imperial War Museum. Foot turned from sculpture to boat-building, Susan FOORD 1945– Painter, born in London, who although he eventually returned to it, from the early studied at Jacob Kramer College and at Leeds 1990s with the sculptor Marigold Hodgkinson Polytechnic faculty of art and design. She created tackling large site-specific and kinetic works. Leeds small, delicate pictures which tended “to be Museums and Galleries hold sculptures by Foot. evocative of landscape or seascape and sometimes still life”. Showed at RA, RWA (elected in 1997), Enid FOOTE WATTS 1924–2003 Artist working in Dean Clough, Halifax, Manchester Academy of mixed media who studied at Glasgow School of Fine Arts, Waterman Fine Art, in Hong Kong at Art and Washington Art Centre. She was a member Gallery 7 and in Eight by Eight at Pallant House, of Glasgow Women’s Art Society and the Paisley Chichester, in 1997, the year she had a solo Art Institute, where she won the William Bowie exhibition with Offer Waterman & Co Fine Art. Award in 2001. For many years she showed with Other solo shows followed, at RWA in 1999, Adam the RSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, Gallery, London 2000-1-3 and Bath 2005. Work also with the Wren Gallery, Burford, and held held in Provident Financial Collection, RWA regular exhibitions at Torrance Gallery, Edinburgh. Permanent Collection and Arts Club, Royal Her work was held by private collections in 68

Scotland, England and America. Critics referred to Foote Watts as a Romantic Colourist. She enjoyed painting the Clyde valley, also the Scottish islands and on the continent. Wren Gallery gave her a memorial show in 2003.

Centre, Warwick, hold examples.

Ronald FORBES 1947– Painter and teacher, born Braco, Perthshire. He studied at Edinburgh College of Art, 1964–9, with Robin Philipson, and at Jordanhill College of Education in Glasgow. Forbes taught at Bell College, Hamilton, then was appointed Leverhulme Senior Art Fellow at Strathclyde University, Glasgow. He next moved to Cork where he was head of painting at Crawford School of Art, returning to Scotland in 1978 to be artist-in-residence Livingstone, West Lothian. He then lectured at Glasgow School of Art for four years, from 1983 being on the staff of Dundee College of Art. In the early 1970s Forbes was founder-chairman of the Glasgow League of Artists and when in Livingstone was chairman of the Art Foundation there. He won a number of awards for films. Forbes had solo shows at Compass Gallery in Glasgow, Drian Galleries, Third Eye Centre in Glasgow and at Seagate Gallery, Dundee, 1990. Arts Council of Northern Ireland, Cork Art Gallery and SAC hold his work. Lived in Livingston, West Lothian.

Arthur FORBES: see Arthur FORBES-DALRYMPLE

Donald FORBES 1952– Painter in oil, by profession

a restorer with National Gallery in Edinburgh, where he lived. He was born in Glasgow, studying at its School of Art, 1970–4, teachers including David Donaldson. Showed with RSA and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, solo exhibitions including Lillie Art Gallery, Milngavie. Harry FORBES 1949– Self-taught draughtsman and

maker of assemblage sculptures using found objects and pigment. A group was offered at Bonhams, Knightsbridge, in 2002. Had solo exhibitions in London, Paris and West Germany. Forbes originally lived in London, later Leicestershire.

Michael FORBES 1968– Artist, born in Dingwall, Ross and Cromarty, where he attended the Academy, 1979–85, starting to paint full-time in 1989. In 1997, Forbes was a finalist in the J D Fergusson Arts Award for the most promising young Scottish artist. Group exhibitions included Myth and Symbol, Inverness Art Gallery, 1993; Compass Gallery, Glasgow, 1995; and RSA, 1996. Solo exhibitions included Eden Court Theatre, Inverness, 1989; Flying Colours Gallery, Edinburgh, 1991; and Chalk Farm Galleries, from 1996. United Distillers holds his work.

Painter, born and based in London, who trained at Wimbledon School of Art, 1973–7, and the Slade School of Fine Art, 1977– 9. He went on to work in the technical services department of the Tate Gallery. Forbes produced paintings concerned with theories of colour and language in the manner of the Systems Group: groups of multi-coloured squares and rectangles. His work was included in A Disquieting Suggestion, John Hansard Gallery at the University of Southampton, 1988. Arts Council and Conoco

Painter and teacher, born in Dublin, who was married to the artist Elizabeth Armstrong. Forbes studied at Lambeth School of Art, Royal Academy Schools, 1874–8, then for two years in Paris. He was influenced by Jules Bastien-Lepage. Settled in Cornwall in 1884, became a leading member of the Newlyn School of open air painters specialising in local landscapes and the lives of fishermen and their families. The Tate Gallery’s picture The Health of the Bride is a good example. Forbes was a founder-member of NEAC in 1886 and two years later began showing with RA, being elected RA in 1910. Also travelled extensively on the continent. With his wife he founded the Newlyn School of Art in 1899, and he remained an influential teacher for many years. Died in Newlyn. Stanhope Alexander FORBES 1857–1947

Richard FORBES 1953–

Painter and lecturer, born in Newry, County Down, Northern Ireland, who gained a distinction on his foundation course at John Moores University, Liverpool, 1991–2, Stephen FORBES 1973–

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graduating with honours from there, 1992–6. From 1996–7, Forbes held painting and research scholarships and lectured at St Helens College, from 1998–01 gaining a postgraduate diploma in fine art from the Royal Academy Schools. He was a visiting lecturer at St Helens College and Liverpool University’s department of fine art. Forbes’s group exhibitions included St Helens Open, Merseyside, 1998; RA Summer Exhibition, from 2000; Flash, Adelaide Street, Belfast, 2002; and Living for the City, Waterfront Hall, Belfast, and RUA, Ulster Museum, Mills Selig Prize, outstanding work by a young artist, both 2004. Among his solo shows were Pierre Victoire Buildings, Liverpool, 1996; Leisure, Elaine Somers Gallery, Belfast, 2003; and Activity, Tom Caldwell, Belfast, 2005.

Fine Art, University of Cape Town, 1951–3, then 10 years later with Bernard Adams in London. Showed NS of which she was a member, ROI, RP and elsewhere and had a number of solo shows including British Council, Munich, West Germany, where she lived for some years.

Sculptor making publicly commissioned works in metal who graduated from Coventry University in 1995. Ford was a member of Coventry Arts Exchange, with that organisation working on the ceramic Snake in the Grass, at Trentham Road, in the city, 1997, commissioned by Coventry City Council. Other notable pieces by Ford are the painted metal Giant Vacuum Cleaner, Chainset and Handlebars, 1998, behind a community centre, made for Groundwork Coventry; and his scrap-metal, child-oriented construction Schlanke Meth, at Wainbody School, Coventry, commissioned by Arts Exchange. Ford also completed sculptures for other sites in England and Wales including the kinetic piece Rotor-Relief, 1998, for Wysing Arts, Cambridge. Jonathan FORD 1971–

Arthur FORBES-DALRYMPLE 1912– Painter in oil,

gouache, pastel and watercolour. Born in Edinburgh, he studied under Henry Massey at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art, 1930–2, and at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art under Clive Gardiner, 1932–4. Exhibited RA, NS, ROI, NEAC, RBA and extensively in Paris, including the Salon. Ken FORD 1930– Sculptor, draughtsman and teacher, Sometimes signed work Forbes. Lived in London. born in Birstall, Leicestershire, whose interest in the countryside was fostered by visits to his Deborah FORD 1968– London-based graphic grandparents. Although as an artist Ford’s main designer who studied at Coventry Polytechnic, interest became landscape and the human being 1987–90. In her final year she completed the bronze within it, he had “no desire to be descriptive; I relief Cofa’s Tree, said to be the origin of the name consider myself to be a mystical artist, that is to Coventry. It was placed in the foyer of Friars House say, I wish to indicate the cause behind the effect.” Ford attended Gateway School, Leicester, 1943– in the city’s centre. 6, winning the Sir Jonathon North Gold Medal, George Henry FORD 1912–1977 Sculptor, studied at 1944. Studied at Leicester College of Art and Hornsey School of Art under Harold Youngman. Design, 1947–9, winning The Clephan Prize, 1947; Exhibited RA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Royal College of Art, 1950–4, winning The Arts, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, and elsewhere Continuation Scholarship, 1953; and won Prix de in the provinces. His teak figure Eve is in the Rome for Sculpture, 1955, attending the British collection of Bradford City Art Gallery. Work also School, Rome, 1955–7. In 1961 Ford won the featured in Arthur T Broadbent’s monograph National Sculpture Competition, Newcastle upon Sculpture Today in Great Britain 1940–1943. He Tyne. Became head of sculpture at Leicester was a fellow of the RBS and lived in London. Polytechnic, 1967–8, from 1998 being a visiting lecturer at the Elisabeth Frink School of Sculpture, Jane FORD: see Jane TRESIDDER Stoke-on-Trent. Took part in many group Jenifer FORD 1934– Painter, born in Cape Town, exhibitions, solo shows including Goldmark South Africa. She studied at Michaelis School of Gallery, Uppingham, 2002. Public sculpture 70

commissions included Charles Keene College Courtyard, Leicester, 1960; Sir Frank Whittle Commemorative Sculpture, Lutterworth, 1987; and Surrey Heath House, Camberley, 1993.

posts, being vice-principal of Birmingham College of Art for some years, then dean of art and design at Birmingham Polytechnic. Lived at Sutton Coldfield, Warwickshire.

Artist in various media and teacher, born in Cardiff, who studied at Bath Academy of Art, 1978–82, with an exchange term at Cooper Union, New York, then Chelsea School of Art, 1985. Her group shows included Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester, 1982; Serpentine Gallery, 1983; Sculpture in the City, Bath, 1986; Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, 1988; and Six of the Best at Christopher Hull Gallery, 1989. Had a solo show at Nicola Jacobs Gallery, 1987; Benjamin Rhodes, Gallery, 1991; and Spacex Gallery, Exeter, 1996. In Ford’s sculpture exhibition Desperados, at Houldsworth Fine Art, 2001, the gallery was cluttered with soft, benign, childlike figures, dressed as for a playground, yet the patterns and textiles of their skin disguised their faces. Violence lurked within calm, horror within charm. At De La Warr Pavilion, Bexhill-on-Sea, 2003, Ford showed animal figures, which she called “sculptures dressed up as animals which are dressed up as people.” In that year, Ford also exhibited a major installation at the Dick Institute, Kilmarnock, and had a solo show, The Great Indoors, at Harris Museum and Art Gallery, Preston. Arts Council, Contemporary Art Society and Unilever plc hold examples.

Mary FORD 1944– Painter of figurative pictures, of

Laura FORD 1961–

restricted palette and simplified form to emphasize their abstract qualities, born in London. She was brought up in Cornwall from the age of six, having “an idyllic childhood” on the family ketch moored at St Mawes. From 1970–6 attended Byam Shaw and Royal Academy Schools, where William Scott taught her. The work of the St Ives painters Alfred Wallis (“painted purely from the heart”) and Ben Nicholson (“I admire the sophistication”) was a strong influence. Group exhibitions included New Contemporaries, 1972; Wills Lane Gallery, St Ives, from 1975; Eastgate Gallery, Chichester, 1987; and Roy Miles Gallery, 1994. Had solo exhibitions at Sadler’s Wells Theatre, 1975, and Eastgate Gallery, 1986. There was a further solo exhibition, Horizons, at Oliver Contemporary in 2003, coinciding with publication of the Tate’s 2004 diary series, for which Ford’s work Boats – Antibes, 1979, was chosen from its collection to illustrate the front cover. Truro Crown Courts and Slaughter & May held Ford’s work.

Painter and black-and-white draughtsman who handled a wide variety of subjects, including portrait commissions. He studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, Leslie FORD 1885–1959 Pastel and watercolour artist, 1937–40, teachers including Clive Gardiner. Went born in Bow, London. Studied at West Ham School on to do war artist work, several pictures being of Art under Mervyn Lawrence and Arthur Legge. held by Imperial War Museum. Ford’s War Exhibited PS, RI and elsewhere in London. Was Weapons Week in a Country Town is illustrated in an active member of the Wapping Group of artists, Eric Newton’s 1945 book War Through Artists’ of which he was secretary for a time after World Eyes. Ford showed RA, RBA, NEAC, Towner Art War II, and the Langham Sketch Club. Sunderland Gallery in Eastbourne and at Paris Salon and Museum and Art Gallery holds his work. Lived at continued painting at an advanced age despite being profoundly deaf. Lived in Winsor, Gidea Park, Essex. Southampton. Malcolm Stephen FORD 1914– Painter, printmaker and teacher, born in Newport, Monmouthshire. He Peter FORD 1937– Artist and printmaker, born in studied at Newport School of Art and Royal Hereford, where he attended the College of Art, College of Art. Did work as a book illustrator and 1955–6. Was then at St Mary’s College for teacher jacket designer and held a number of teaching training, at Strawberry Hill in Twickenham, 1957– Michael FORD 1920–

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60; Brighton College of Art, 1960–1; and London University Institute of Education to gain diploma in education of maladjusted children. Among Ford’s awards were a bursary from Scottish Arts Council, 1976, and a South West Arts Minor Award, 1980, the year he took part in its touring show Seven Print Makers. In 1977 Ford was elected a member of the Printmakers’ Council, in 1979 a participating member of World Print Council. He was also an associate of the RWA, a senior fellow of the RE and a member of the International Association of Papermaking Artists. Residencies included Openshaw Print Residency, Cumbria, 1994; Boise State University, Idaho, America, 1996; Art in Action, Oxford, 1999 and 2000; and Nature in Art Museum, Gloucester, 1999. Among his mixed exhibitions were the RA Summer Exhibition from 1975, and among later ones the 12th Norwegian Print Triennale, Fedrikstad, 1999; International Print Triennale, Cracow, Poland, 2000; and In Praise of Trees at Salisbury Arts Festival and Stephen Lacey Gallery, both 2002. Later solo shows included Printspace, 2002. From 1987, Ford ran the Off-Centre Gallery, in Bristol, where he lived. Many international public and corporate collections held Ford’s work, including Tate Gallery, Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, Unilever and Prudential Insurance.

competitions in New South Wales from 1976. Had solo exhibition at Arcana Gallery, Kelso, 1977, and Montmartre Gallery, Canberra, 1982. In 1982 gained Warringah Contemporary Art Prize, in 1983 Blackheath Art Prize. After returning to Britain Fordham showed in mixed exhibitions in south of England and had a one-man show at Albion Gallery, Lewes, 1990. Several public collections in Australia and Bank of Ireland hold work.

Mollie FORESTIER-WALKER 1912–1990 Painter and draughtsman. Brought up in Devon, she studied at the West of England School of Art, in Bristol, and privately with T P Anderson. During World War II the War Artists’ Advisory Committee bought her portrait of Wing-Commander Guy Gibson for the Imperial War Museum. Exhibited RP, NS, PS and Paris Salon, where she gained an Hon. Mention in 1949. Lived in London and at St Mawes, Cornwall.

Designer, calligrapher, illustrator and artist, born in Reading, Berkshire, where he settled at Earley. Studied parttime at the local university. Worked for Oxford University Press, Macmillan and others. His book Record of a Pilgrimage was published in 1936. Showed with Reading Guild of Artists and had work bought by the Corporation and Art Gallery. Reginald William FORD 1909–c.1973

Abstracted landscape painter working in mixed media, born in London. Fordham studied for an interior design diploma in London, 1967–71, obtained a diploma in art, Alexander Mackie, Sydney, Australia, 1976–9, postgraduate work at Alexander Mackie, 1981. In 1984 gained a Bachelor of Arts degree at City Art Institute, Sydney. Lived in Sydney, 1974–87, showing regularly in mixed exhibitions and

Art critic and writer, teacher and painter, born in Hastingleigh, Kent. He studied at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1947–9, under William Coldstream and Victor Pasmore. Was senior lecturer at the Slade School of Fine Art, 1950–64; head of the department of fine art at Goldsmiths’ College, 1964–70; lecturer in the department of art at Reading University, 1971–2; visiting professor, Cooper Union, New York, 1973–4; associate dean, New York Studio School, 1974–5, visiting professor, 1975–02; professor of painting, Yale University, 1975–91, dean of the school of art, 1975–83, and William Leffingwell Professor of Painting, 1991–4 (emeritus). He held a number of official appointments, including trustee of the Tate Gallery, 1964–71 and 1972–4 and of the National Gallery, 1966–72. Was president of LG, 1964–71. Wrote books on a series of artists, including Klee, Vermeer, Soutine and Manet. Tate Gallery holds his work. Lived at Elmsted, Kent, and New Milford, Connecticut, where he died. Forge was originally a figurative artist, with a deep attachment to the Kent landscape. His last show of figurative work was at the AIA Gallery in 1963, immediately after which he flew to America, where a meeting with the artist Robert Rauschenberg opened up his Andrew FORGE 1923–2002

Chris FORDHAM 1949–

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vision. This was the beginning of a 40-year exploration in which dots and dashes, which Forge termed “sticks” dominated his output. Later exhibitions included a retrospective at Yale Center for British Art, 1996, and Watercolours, with Garth Evans, Kendall Art & Design, Hudson, New York, 1998.

Painter in oil, born in Birkenhead, Cheshire, self-taught apart from criticism from his friend and noted local teacher Will Penn. Became a freelance decorative artist and signwriter and was curator of the Williamson Art Gallery and Museum. Two key influences on Forrest’s pictures were “the story of landscape and transient effects of sunlight and shadow across sea and land”. Forrest was a member of RCamA. Exhibited in groups including Festival of Britain and Merseyside Artists, both at Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool; Atkinson Art Gallery, Southport; Grosvenor Museum, Chester; MAFA; and Williamson Art Gallery. Had solo shows with RCamA, Conway; Rushworth’s Gallery, Liverpool; and Lady Lever Art Gallery, Port Sunlight. There was a retrospective at RCamA, 2003. Lived in Trefriw, Gwynedd. Edwin FORREST 1918–2002

Charlotte FORMAN fl. from 1950s– Painter, illustrator

and teacher who trained at the Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1940–3 and 1946–8, then Bath Academy of Art, Corsham, 1957–9. She taught at Southwark College, in London schools and adult education. Did book illustrations and jacket designs for such publishers as Michael Joseph, Victor Gollancz and Bodley Head. Her pictures, in a detailed style, were shown at LG, Pictures for Schools, AIA, Hampstead Artists’ Council, South London Artists and in a four-man show at Woodlands Art Gallery, 1981. Norman John FORREST 1898–1972 Sculptor in wood. He studied under Thomas Good at Edinburgh Robert FORMAN 1912– Interior decorator and artist College of Art. Went on to exhibit at RSA, SSA, in wash and pen and ink, born in Berwick-upon- Royal Glasgow Institute of Fine Arts as well as in Tweed, Northumberland. He was self-taught. London and the provinces. Forrest did a lot of Wrote a number of books, including The Art of ecclesiastical work as well as sculptures for the Scraperboard and Design for Commercial Artists. liners Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth. His work Lived in Redland, Bristol. often has a strong, elemental, primitive quality in the manner of Epstein. Illustrated in Eric Newton’s Archie FORREST 1950– Artist and teacher, born in monograph British Sculpture 1944–1946. Lived Glasgow where he studied at the School of Art, 1969–73. He was then a teacher at Dunbartonshire in Edinburgh. schools, 1974–85, and a tutor at Glasgow School of Art, 1978–85, in the latter year becoming a fulltime artist. Forrest was a prolific exhibitor in group shows, including Kelly Gallery in Glasgow, Lillie Gallery in Milngavie, Fine Art Society in Glasgow and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, to which he was elected in 1988. He was a winner of its Torrance Award and of the Benno Schotz Sculpture Award, Scottish Amicable Painting Prize and Arthur Andersen Award. Forrest painted a lot in France and Italy, his one-man shows including a series of own-studio exhibitions and Portland Gallery, 2003. The Duchess of York, Scottish National Portrait Gallery and Glasgow Art Club hold his work.

Painter, and teacher, brought up in Grenada until in the late 1960s he moved to London. He attended Central School of Art and Design, 1975–9, and Royal College of Art, 1980–3, a Rome Scholarship in the latter year taking him to the British School in Rome, 1983– 5. A Harkness Fellowship took him to live in New York, 1986–8. Forrester’s pictures were commonly on a large scale, mixing West Indian and European culture, Rastafarianism and traits to be found in German Expressionism and Italian Futurism, with bold, radiating lines of brilliant colour. He had his first solo show at Riverside Studios in 1983; another at Commonwealth Institute in 1986; was included in Exhibition Road show in 1988 at Royal College of Art which, like the Arts Council, holds Denzil FORRESTER 1956–

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his work; and had a further solo exhibition at 198 Sea, at Oliver Contemporary, 2004. Oliver Gallery in 1995. Taught at Morley College and Contemporary gave Forshall a solo show in 2005, was involved in the Islington Arts Factory. the year after she returned to England after two years living in Spain. John FORRESTER 1922– Painter, born in Wellington, New Zealand. Forrester began painting Cyril FORSSANDER 1913– Medical practitioner and in the late 1930s, soon after going overseas where artist, born in London, educated at Highgate he associated with modern art groups. He was in School, who studied medicine at the Middlesex South Africa, 1939–45. After war service he lived Hospital Medical School. After war service in the in St Ives, Cornwall, 1953–8, from 1958–60 in Royal Air Force and a period in general practice, Italy, then from 1960 in Paris. Among his solo he went to North America where he took up a shows in England were Gimpel Fils, 1955, and research fellowship in applied physiology at the McRoberts and Tunnard, 1962, and he also University of Pennsylvania, then joined the exhibited in France, including Galerie du Fleuve, Department of Tuberculosis Control in British 1965, and New Zealand. Forrester was interested Columbia, Canada, where he urged patients to use in the relationship between pictures and art therapy; latterly he was with the Canadian architecture and in the 1950s was appointed design Foreign Service as a consultant and medical attaché consultant to the Sheffield, north Yorkshire, Park overseas. Forrsander wrote extensively on the Hill high-rise housing development. He was relationship between the body and its environment, included in Belgrave Gallery’s 1992 shows British an offshoot of which was his booklet The Meaning abstract art of the 50s and 60s. Arts Council holds of Imagination, Hanover Press, 1995, dealing with his canvas Two of a Kind, 1962. Julian Hartnoll such topics as language and its restrictions on and Paisnel Gallery also handled Forrester’s work. creativity. Forssander was a pupil of the artist R O Dunlop and studied life drawing at the Anthony Gordon FORSEY 1926– Painter and Philadelphia School of Fine Art. Exhibited widely printmaker, born in Birmingham, where he studied with the Federation of British Artists, Federation at the College of Arts and Crafts. He also studied of Canadian Artists and American Physicians’ Art etching and engraving with Robert Austin at the Association and held many solo shows in England, Royal College of Art. Exhibited RA. Lived for North America and France, where he settled in some time in London. Brittany at Perros-Guirec. An exhibition there in 2005–6 covered work from 1950. Catherine FORSHALL 1958– Painter and

draughtsman with a special interest in the landscape of the Lot region, France, where she settled in 1985. She was born in Scotland, studied art in Florence, with Signorina Simi, moved to London to begin a career in ceramic restoration, then returned to Scotland to paint. As a developing painter, apart from self-tuition she learned a lot from her friend and mentor Professor George Harris, an American, who had taught in Alcatraz prison. Had a first solo show in 1988 in Cahors, began to exhibit regularly at Salon d’Automne, Paris, other shows taking place elsewhere in France and New York. Had a first solo show in London in 1996 at Portland Gallery, others including Elgin Gallery, 2001, and a shared exhibition with Julian Meredith, River &

Self-taught painter who gained a Bachelor of Science degree in biochemistry from York University, 1981–4. Group appearances included Summer and Winter Exhibitions, St James’ Gallery, Bath, 1987–92; Singer & Friedlander/Sunday Times Watercolour Competition, from 1991 (second prize, 2005); Compass Gallery, Glasgow, from 1998; SSA and Aberdeen Artists’ Society, both 2000; and RSW, 2001, winning the John Grey Award. Held a series of solo exhibitions in France and Scotland from 1994, later ones including Collective Gallery, 2002, where Forster’s The Personville Animation consisted of panels, or stills, with text taken from the 1929 Dashiell Hammett novel Red Harvest and

David FORSTER 1962–

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magazines such as The Saturday Evening Post (Gem Thief was used as an episode in the television series 77 Sunset Strip, winning an Emmy Award in 1959), Ellery Queen Mystery Magazine (winning a best first story award) and Argosy. After returning to Canada and the death of his wife in 1974, in 1975 Forster moved to England to care for his widowed sister and thereafter lived at Treen, Cornwall, with his second wife, Gloria Ochitwa, whom he had met earlier in Canada. Forster’s art evolved into luminous colourism, the Canadian art historian Paul Duval writing: “As a colorist, Forster must be considered among the pre-eminent of the twentieth century.” Although he showed with the Newlyn Society of Artists for some years, the rather reclusive Forster was largely unknown in Britain. However, he had many exhibitions around the world at important venues, including retrospectives at The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, Canada, 1993, and Galerie d’Art Déclic, Luxembourg, 2002. Other shows included one in 2002 at the MacLaren Art Centre, Barrie, Canada, which holds over 2,000 of his drawings. After his death, Messum’s handled his work.

the thematically linked 1965 Jean-Luc Godard film Alphaville. Theatre Royal in Bath, the Abbey dean and chapter there and corporate collections in England and France hold examples.

Sculptor, born in Dorchester, Dorset, who studied with Willi Soukop and Elisabeth Frink at Chelsea School of Art, 1962. She became an associate of RBS in 1970. Exhibitions included Ewan Phillips Gallery and David Paul Gallery, Chichester. Lived in West Lavington, Sussex.

Juliana FORSTER 1943–

Michael FORSTER 1907–2002 Painter, draughtsman,

muralist, art critic and writer, born of British parents in Calcutta, India, educated there at La Martinniere College and in England at Lancing College. Forster studied art at the Central School of Arts and Crafts under Bernard Meninsky and William Roberts, then in Paris at Atelier Colarossi. In 1928, he began travels which would take in Canada, America, Mexico and the Caribbean. In Canada he did commercial work and mingled with the Group of Seven, A Y Jackson a friend and mentor. In America he was a set designer for Selznick International Pictures and launched his exhibiting career with the CSGA at the New York World’s Fair, 1939, organised by the National Gallery of Canada. He then had his first solo show in 1941 at the Picture Loan Society, Toronto. As an Official War Artist for the Canadian Navy in World War II, Forster broke with convention and produced realist, abstract and surreal works; contributed to the 1946 War Art Show in Toronto; and had 27 pieces acquired by the Ottawa War Museum. He became a Canadian citizen and married Adele Davis. Settled in Montreal in the 1950s, Forster painted, exhibited and was art critic for The Standard before, in 1952, moving with his wife to Mexico, where they stayed 11 years. Forster worked on murals, taught stained glass design at the Universidad Ibero-Americano; was befriended by the artists Diego Rivera and Rufino Tamayo; painted, in 1960 having a big solo exhibition at the Museo Nationale de Arte Moderno, a rare honour for a foreigner; and, when money was short, wrote fiction as Michael Forrestier. His stories appeared in

Noel FORSTER 1932– Abstract painter and teacher,

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born in Seaton Delaval, Northumberland. He studied at University of Newcastle upon Tyne from 1950–3 and 1955–7. During the 1960s had solo shows at Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, and University of Sussex, while taking part in group exhibitions, including John Moores Exhibition, Liverpool; there he gained a third prize in 1972 and a first prize in 1978. From 1970–1 Forster taught at Minneapolis College of Art and Design, teaching at Slade School of Fine Art from 1971. In 1975–6 Forster won an Arts Council Major Bursary, became artist-inresidence at Balliol College, Oxford, and showed at Museum of Modern Art there. In 1975–6 won an Arts Council Major Bursary, in 1976–8 the Gulbenkian Award. Was principal lecturer in painting at Camberwell College of Art, 1983–90, then at Chelsea College of Art and Design, 1990– 7. From 1987 Forster showed solo regularly with Anne Berthoud Gallery, among his many other one-man exhibitions being a series at Flowers East

from 1999. In 2005, Forster shared an exhibition with Julia Farrer and John Carter at The Eagle Gallery. Lived in London and France.

School of Art. Signing his work G M F, he exhibited mainly landscapes and townscapes at RA, RI, Fine Art Society and the Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. Eton College as well as galleries in Leeds, Stoke-on-Trent and Newcastle upon Tyne hold his work. He wrote several books on the art and craft of pottery. Lived at Woore, near Crewe, Cheshire.

Rebecca FORSTER 1960– Artist, born in St Albans,

Hertfordshire, whose output ranged from zinc sculptures to three-dimensional, paper-based works. She completed a foundation course at Hertfordshire College of Art and Design, 1978–9; fine art, sculpture, honours degree, Norwich School of Art, 1979–82; postgraduate course, Cyprus School of Art, 1987–8; and a diploma in the conservation of architectural stonework, Weymouth College, 1990–1. Numerous group shows included Life’s Too Short, Eridanus Gallery, Nicosia, Cyprus, 1988; Disordine, Galleria Spaziotemporaneo, Milan, Italy, 1993; Sentimento della Citta, Fondazione Corrente, Milan, 1995; Isole Felici, Palazzo Verbania, Luino, Italy, 1997; and Out of the Blue, Mashrabia Gallery, Cairo, Egypt, 1999. Later solo exhibitions included England & Co, 2000. Forster lived and worked in the United Kingdom and in Milan.

Painter in oil who studied at Cambridge University. Studied art at the Slade School of Fine Art, 1932–3, with Randolph Schwabe, then two years later in Florence. Showed RA, Leicester Galleries, NEAC and in the provinces. Lived in London. James FORSYTH 1910–

Stained glass and pottery designer and watercolourist, born in Cresswell, Staffordshire, daughter of the ceramic designer Gordon Forsyth. She was encouraged to work in clay from an early age and trained in ceramics at Burslem School of Art. Lack of work prompted her to enter the Royal College of Art with a national scholarship to study pottery, but having seen the glass in Chartres Cathedral she instead studied glass design with Martin Travers. Exhibited at RA and at public galleries in Bristol and Stoke-on-Trent. During World War II attached to the research department of the Ministry of Town and Country Planning she worked on two major surveys, on Oxford and Canterbury, then returned to glass work. An ardent Catholic, she especially liked making windows for Catholic churches, and among her major commissions are a transept window at the Benedictine Abbey in Fort Augustus. Her most significant works are in two cathedrals, Guildford and Norwich, and in St Columba’s Church in Pont Street, London, where she lived. Moira FORSYTH 1905–1991

Artist, born in Saltburnby-the-Sea, Yorkshire, who studied at Manchester Polytechnic, then the University of East London. His work Plug in Painting No. 2: Office in a Big Town was shown at Andrew Mummery Gallery, 1999, and in 2001 Mummery gave him his first London solo show. This stemmed from five years’ work in which Forster was “developing a project which attempts to define his painting in the faces of processes which exist outside the twodimensional frame.” Other group shows included Sub-Lima, Conductor’s Hallway, 1997; Roomworks, Sali Gia Gallery, 1998; and Paint Too, Northern Gallery for Contemporary Art, Sunderland, 2000. Lived in County Durham. Richard FORSTER 1970–

Gordon Mitchell FORSYTH 1879–1952 Painter, stained

glass artist and potter, born at Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire. He studied at Gray’s School of Art, Aberdeen, and at the Royal College of Art, completing his studies in 1903. He worked as a designer at Pilkington Tile and Pottery Company as well as serving as art director at Stoke-on-Trent

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Philip FORTIN 1901–1985 Painter, printmaker, sculptor, draughtsman and teacher, born in London. He was a talented violinist who early had to choose between a career in music and art. Attended St Martin’s School of Art, 1917–20, under the sculptor Harry Parr, then the Royal College of Art, 1920– 3, teachers including Gerald Moira and William Rothenstein. Showed at Zwemmer Gallery, New

Burlington Galleries and elsewhere. Did some advertising work, occasionally condensing his name as a signature to Pif, by which he was generally known to his students and family. Fortin held several teaching posts, including Ipswich School of Art. On retirement in 1962 he moved from the Suffolk town to Cassis, in the south of France. Exhibited abstract paintings and drawings there and in Marseilles, jointly with his wife Yetta. After her death Fortin became reclusive, describing himself as an “aggressive eccentric”, but he remained a great communicator on art, history and music and an enthusiastic advocate of the twentieth century. He returned to live with his daughter in St Osyth, Essex, where he died.

at the Collective Gallery in Edinburgh and Southwark College Gallery and group exhibitions at Spacex Gallery, Sheffield, Pomeroy Purdy and Herbert Art Gallery, Coventry. In 1991 she took up a fellowship at Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture in America, then in 1992–3 was the visiting fellow in painting at Winchester School of Art. Frank FORTY 1902–1996 Painter and draughtsman,

by profession a surgeon, who during his student days lived in Edgbaston, showing with the RBSA, 1932–40, living at the same address as artist Gerald C Forty and influenced by his painter friend Bernard Munns. After marrying an anaesthetist, Irene Maude, Forty moved to Mill Hill, northwest London, joining the Mildon Art Society; then Edgware, joining the Edgware General Hospital; and finally Stanmore, Middlesex, where he joined Stanmore Society of Artists. In 1969 began showing with RBA, RSMA and Paris Salon; in 1970, when he was also accepted by the PS, the Salon gave him an Hon. Mention. In addition to his many views of the countryside north of London, Forty worked in Ireland, France, Spain, Portugal and Italy. His early style was formal but in later years it became freer with vibrant colour, under the influence of the French Impressionists. Geoffrey Norman – Affordable Collectables, Hitchin, posthumously showed Forty’s work.

Artist in various media, designer, book illustrator and teacher, born in Harrow on the Hill, Middlesex. She was married to the artist Ralph Nuttall-Smith. She studied at Tunbridge Wells School of Art with E Owen Jennings and then at Central School of Arts and Crafts with John Farleigh and Bernard Meninsky. She was an arts and crafts teacher, 1940–1; an Auxiliary Territorial Service signals operator, 1942–3, being discharged with a pension and war grant after injury; an illustrator of children’s books, 1944–89; and a textile designer, 1947–50. Fortnum was noted for her sprightly line as a book illustrator, notably accompanying Michael Bond’s many Paddington Bear books; in 1975 her own Running Wild appeared. Fortnum also did work for Imperial Chemical Industries and for BBC Television programmes, Playschool and Jackanory. Exhibited at The Minories, Colchester, British Museum, Victoria & Albert Museum and in regional books shows, as well as abroad. Lived in West Mersea, Essex. Peggy FORTNUM 1919–

Painter, ceramist, printmaker and calligrapher and teacher, born in north London. He studied at Hornsey School of Art, 1945–52, teachers including Russell Reeve, Allin Braund and Henry Holzer. Held several teaching posts, eventually becoming head of ceramics at Norwich School of Art, 1953–82. Was a member of Federation of British Artists, Norwich Twenty Group and SGA and showed with RI and East Anglian Artists. University of East Anglia holds his work. In 1957 Forward was chosen for inclusion in Jack Beddington’s Young Artists of Promise, his picture Hayfever, 1954, being illustrated. Signed some work with initials only. Lived in Norwich, Norfolk. Hubert FORWARD 1927–1998

Rebecca FORTNUM 1963– Painter who was born and

continued to work in London. She attended Oxford University to read English, 1983–6, before gaining a Master of Fine Arts degree from Newcastle University, 1986–8. Travelled to New York on a Northern Arts Travel Award in 1989, then held the 1989–90 fellowship in painting at Exeter College of Art. She exhibited widely, including solo shows

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Anthony FOSTER 1909–1957 Sculptor in stone and wood and teacher, born in India, father of the sculptors Peter and Stephen Foster. He was a pupil of Eric Gill, 1930–8. Worked as a sculptor, 1939– 57, farming as a conscientious objector from 1941– 5. Taught at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1953–7. Foster’s work was figurative with a strong Christian content. He showed at RA and Ashley Gallery. Died in London.

9; graduated with honours, Edinburgh College of Art, 1979–82; gained a postgraduate diploma in sculpture, Edinburgh College of Art, 1982–3; a diploma in art therapy, Hertfordshire College of Art and Design, 1983–4; and her master’s there, 1988–90. She won an Andrew Grant Travelling Scholarship, 1982. Foster was an art therapist in mental health services, 1984–92; visiting lecturer, Newcastle College of Art and Camberwell College of Arts, 1985 and 1992 respectively; full-time sculptor, 1992; lived with Balinese family of artists, 1993–4; and was a visiting lecturer, Kent Institute of Art and Design, 2000, where she had solo shows in Maidstone and Rochester. Later group exhibitions included England & Co, 2000.

Arthur Bell FOSTER: see Arthur BELL-FOSTER

David FOSTER 1961– Having studied at Goldsmiths’

College, 1981–4, Foster was included in Pick of the Graduates, Christie’s, in the latter year. Other appearances included New Contemporaries, ICA, 1986; Camden Arts Centre, 1987; and Six British Artists, Selected Work, Rijksakademie Gallery, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1989. In that year Foster obtained his master’s degree from Goldsmiths’ and took part in East End Open Studios, based at Unit 7, Peckham Road.

Painter and sculptor, born in Halifax, Yorkshire, who settled nearby at Skipton. He studied at Bradford College of Art, 1968–70, Leeds Polytechnic, 1970–3 and Royal College of Art, 1973–6. His work could be fetishistic, with overt sexual imagery, sculptures using a range of materials. Showed in north of Deryck FOSTER 1924– Marine artist with a strong interest in sailing, born in Bournemouth, England, solo exhibitions including Cartwright Hampshire. After King’s School, Canterbury, he Hall, Bradford, 1978. His large Untitled, of 1976– studied at Southern School of Art, 1939–42, 9, in oil, acrylic and industrial paint, was included teachers including Leslie Ward and Geoffrey in Arts Council’s 1981–2 tour Fragments Against Baker, then Central School of Arts and Crafts, Ruin, being taken into the collection. 1946, where John Farleigh, Laurence Scarfe and John FOSTER 1951– Sculptor, born in London. He Jesse Collins were on the staff. In 1957 Foster was studied at Epsom School of Art with Peter Hide, included in Jack Beddington’s book Young Artists 1969–73. Foster was then at Stockwell Depot, of Promise, his Lady Francesca Entering St Vaast 1973–5; Triangle Workshops, New York State, with illustrated. Was a member of RSMA and has work Anthony Caro, 1982 and 1985; and in 1986–8–90 in National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. Lived organised Hardingham Sculpture Workshops. His in Yarmouth, Isle of Wight, later in Bailey’s Bay, Lazy E, made in steel painted and waxed, an Bermuda. abstract piece, was shown in the show East at

Sculptor, lecturer and art therapist whose mesmeric works were created from found objects. There were strong organic references in her pieces, which were influenced by the Scottish countryside of her childhood; the work of Kurt Schwitters, notably Ambleside Merz, at Hatton Gallery, Newcastle University; and Indonesia, especially Bali. Foster did a foundation course at Newcastle College of Arts and Technology, 1978–

Graham FOSTER 1950–

Norwich Gallery, 1991. Foster’s publicly sited sculpture includes Untitled, 1980, in metal, commissioned by Peterborough Development Corporation for Herlington Township Centre. Lived in Hardingham, Norfolk.

Fiona FOSTER 1961–

John Ernest FOSTER 1877–1968 Painter, born in Hull,

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Yorkshire, son of a nurseryman which encouraged him to garden and paint flowers. Landscapes and nudes were other subjects. Foster studied at the

Royal College of Art. As a young man he spent some time in Cork, Ireland, before returning to Yorkshire, then settled for many years at Dedham, Essex. Showed at RA Summer Exhibition, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, RI, London Salon and elsewhere. Ferens Art Gallery, Hull, has Foster’s oil on canvas Delphiniums and Roses, 1928, presented by the artist in 1954 in memory of his wife.

teaching of Leonard Walker. Was then at Royal Academy Schools and Central School of Arts and Crafts, where she learned wood engraving under Noel Rooke. She illustrated several dozen books, notably titles by Viola Bayley and Pamela Brown. Never had a solo show, but was a prolific exhibitor with RA, RE, SWE, NEAC, at the Paris Salon and the Art Institute of Chicago. Her sketches of children, called Let’s Do It, was published in 1938. Died in Wincanton, Somerset.

Judith FOSTER 1937– Artist and teacher who, according to the artist and critic Colin Moss, had “the unique ability to see her subject as a collection of impersonal, abstract shapes, which she rearranges on her own terms.” She was born in London and after studies at Ipswich School of Art attended the Royal College of Art, with an Abbey Scholarship in 1962. Taught in further and adult education. Mixed shows included Young Contemporaries; Arnolfini, Bristol; Drawings for All, Gainsborough’s House, Sudbury; and Suffolk Group, of which she was a member. Manor School of Ballet, Edinburgh; Cleveland Bridge Gallery, Bath; and John Russell Gallery, Ipswich, gave her solo exhibitions. In 2000–1 Drawing in the Dark, at and about Christchurch Mansion, Ipswich, stemmed from 18 months working there. Bedford Education Authority and Ipswich Borough Council hold examples. Lived at Bramford, Suffolk.

Sculptor in stone and wood and letter-cutter, son of the sculptor Anthony Foster and older brother of the sculptor Stephen. He attended High Wycombe College of Art under Darsie Rawlins, then City and Guilds of London School of Art, 1964. Worked as a sculptor and letter-cutter, 1965–72, emigrated to Australia, 1972–6, then from 1976 worked in Britain. Church work was especially important in Foster’s output and he acknowledged his father, Eric Gill and David Jones as “exerting a strong influence”. His Saint Martin and Beggar is in St Martin’s Church precinct, Basildon, Essex. Lived at Watlington, Oxfordshire. Peter FOSTER 1943–

Lilian Lee FOSTER 1897– Painter, born in Boston, Lincolnshire. She was educated in Boston, then studied at Leeds College of Art, 1928, with the watercolourist and etcher Harold Holden. She showed widely at public galleries in Leeds, Bradford, Hull and Lincoln and at RWA. Was a member of Lincolnshire Artists’ Society.

Her favourite medium was wood engraving, and she also painted portraits in oil and watercolour, did pen and ink book illustration, silkscreen printing and extensive publicity work for firms such as Kodak, Cadbury and Nestlé. Born in Seaton, Devon, Foster – who married the artist and writer Dudley Jarrett – began studies at St John’s Wood School of Art during World War I, where she was influenced by the

Painter and printmaker of landscapes and portraits, who favoured what he called “runny” paint, his work reminiscent of the grand manner, fluidity and light of John Singer Sargent. The artist John Ward was a hero and mentor. Foster was born in London, where later mainly lived and worked, but was brought up in Norfolk. He was educated at Harrow School and Trinity College, Oxford, where he read history, studying art at Studio Simi in Florence, Italy, 1963– 6, and at the City and Guilds of London Art School, 1967–70, where “etching was the thing that interested me most and I did almost no painting.” He was a frequent exhibitor at RA Summer Exhibition, became a member of the RP in 1976 and was its vice-president, 1991–4, also belonging to the Art Workers’ Guild. He showed regularly at the RA and in 1972 won a Lord Mayor’s Award. Had solo shows at Jocelyn Fielding Fine Art, 1974; Spink & Son, from 1978; a retrospective at Rafael Valls Ltd, 1999; and Partridge Fine Arts, 2003. Richard FOSTER 1945–

Marcia Lane FOSTER 1897–1983

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Foster’s portraits included HRH The Princess of Wales; Lord Mexborough; Lord Trend; and Lady Fulford. Eton College; Lincoln College, Oxford; The Royal College of Pathologists; and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow owned examples.

following year he was in Sculpture at Canterbury.

Lesley FOTHERBY 1946– Painter and teacher, born

in London. Studied at Bath Academy of Art, Ravensbourne College of Art and Leicester Polytechnic. She left teaching in 1984 to become a professional watercolourist. Exhibited regularly Tony FOSTER 1946– Artist, administrator and at Royal Horticultural Society, winning two of its teacher, born Lincolnshire, who studied at silver medals. She had a first solo show at Chris Birmingham College of Arts and Crafts, 1972–4, Beetles Ltd in 1985, others following. and at Cardiff School of Art, 1976–8, with an interval teaching in the Cayman Islands. Began Clare FOTHERINGHAM 1890– Painter in oil and work as an arts organiser, notably with South West watercolour. Born at Ovenden, Halifax, she studied Arts, Exeter. Then in 1986 he returned to painting at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1909–14, full-time, having established a studio at under Frederick Marriott and Percy Buckman. She Tywardreath, near Par, Cornwall. He became a went on to teach art and exhibited widely, including renowned traveller who walked hundreds of miles RA, RI, SWA, RSA and RBA. Lived at in wild places to paint “a celebration of the Hollingbourne, Kent. wilderness and the idea of a journey or series of James FOTHERINGHAME 1970– Painter interested journeys”. His Thoreau’s Country was featured at in depicting wildlife who studied at MidYale Center for British Art, New Haven, Warwickshire College, 1989–90; Nottingham Trent Connecticut, 1985; John Muir’s High Sierra at University, 1990–3; and Royal Academy Schools, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, 1989; and 1993–6. Group exhibitions included RA Summer Rainforest Diaries at Royal Albert Memorial Exhibition from 1994, the year he was awarded Museum and Art Gallery in 1993. Foster’s work the British Institution Fund, W H Patterson Prize was included in the Newlyn Orion Galleries 1989 and gained third prize, Singer & exhibition A Century of Art in Cornwall 1889– Friedlander/Sunday Times Watercolour 1989. In 1988 Foster was awarded the Yosemite Competition. Had a solo show at Cadogan Renaissance Prize and his work is in the collection Contemporary, 1995, another at New Grafton of Yosemite National Park. Denver Art Museum Gallery, 1997. holds a major series. In 2001, Frye Art Museum, Seattle, organised a retrospective which toured Fougasse 1887–1965 Cartoonist, illustrator and America. Lived in Tywardreath, Cornwall. designer, real name Cyril Kenneth Bird. After Cheltenham College, Bird studied engineering at Simon FOSTER-OGG 1960– Sculptor and teacher. King’s College, London, but also attended classes He studied at Maidstone College of Art, 1982–3, at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art and and Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1983–6. Bolt Court, Fleet Street. World War I injuries For three years, 1978–81, he had been a prevented his practising as an engineer, so took stonemason working on Canterbury Cathedral. He course with Percy V Bradshaw’s Press Art School, went on to teach at Kent Institute of Art & Design, and his work soon appeared in Punch. He became South Kent College and Portland Sculpture Park, art editor of the magazine in 1937, then was editor where he had a residency, from the early 1990s. four years from 1949. Bird’s sparse, graphic style Public commissions were carried out for became famous during World War II when he Whitstable Sea Front in 1990 and Portland designed posters for the government, notably Sculpture Park in 1991. Among Foster-Ogg’s group Careless Talk Costs Lives. He also exhibited appearances were Light Waves Dark Tidings at extensively at the Fine Art Society and at RSA. Herbert Read Gallery, Canterbury, in 1991; in the Illustrated a number of books, including A Gallery 80

of Games, 1921, The Changing Face of Britain, 1940, and A P Herbert’s A School of Purposes, 1946. Was master of the Art Workers’ Guild for a time and on the council of both the Imperial Arts League and the SGA. Married to the artist Mary Holden Bird. Lived at Laughton, Sussex.

Museum, Canterbury, in 1983, shared a show at New Grafton Gallery in 1981 and had a solo exhibition there in 1986. Fountain’s pictures frequently featured gardens and plants, painted with great intensity.

Sculptor and medallist, born in New Zealand, who lived and worked in Auckland, London, Rome and Paris. She graduated in sculpture and design at Elam School of Fine Arts, University of Auckland, 1979–82, studying at Scuola della Medaglia, Rome Mint, Italy, 1985– 6. Awards and residencies included Queen Elizabeth II Arts Council Major Travel Grant, 1984; residency at National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, and Prix de Sculpture, first prize, French Mint, both 1990; and Lipworth Foundation Sculpture Prize, 1993. She won a number of commissions from the British Art Medal Society, 1985–90. Group shows included National Exhibition, Crafts Council, Wellington, 1981; MAFA Open, 1988; and Press Museum, Istanbul, 1996. Was a frequent solo exhibitor from 1983, later shows including Simmons Gallery, 1997. Marian FOUNTAIN 1960–

Helen FOULDS 1902– Painter and teacher, born in Romiley, Cheshire. She obtained a Froebel diploma, studying art at Camden Art Centre, Hampstead, where she also exhibited. Showed at SWA, RWS and had solo exhibitions in post offices in London, where she lived.

Painter, born in Leeds, Yorkshire, who attended Jacob Kramer College, Leeds, 1981–2; graduated from Trent Polytechnic, Nottingham, 1982–5; and studied for his master’s at Chelsea School of Art, under Jennifer Durrant, 1987–8. Foulds was Barclays Bank Young Painter of the Year, 1988. Group shows included East End Open Studios, at Metropolitan Wharf, 1989, Beautiful, Oxo Tower, 2000, and John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 2002. Showed solo in Germany and new abstract work in gloss paint, Broadbent, 2004. Lived in London. Christian FOURNIER 1962– Abstract painter, born in Livry-Gargan, near Paris, France, mainly Cherryl FOUNTAIN 1950– Painter and teacher. She working in oil but also mixed media. From 1979– studied at Reading University, 1968–72, and Royal 82 studied graphic design at Lycée Corvisart in Academy Schools, 1974–7. From 1973 she taught Paris, then attended L’École des Beaux-Arts there, in Kent schools and education centres. Fountain 1982–5, gaining a part-time diploma at City of won a number of prizes and awards, which included London Polytechnic, 1987–91. To support his a bursary from the Worshipful Company of Painter- studies and painting Fournier did a number of jobs: Stainers, in 1975, also the David Murray in Paris, 1984–5, working as a lay-out artist, other Studentship for Landscape Painting. She won the positions including sales assistant in a London card Studentship again in 1976, the year she won the shop. Exhibitions included Southwark Open, 1995, Richard Jack Award for Portraiture. In 1977 she and 1995–6 his Untitled canvas appeared in John gained the British Institution’s First Prize for Moores Liverpool Exhibition. Drawing and a first prize in the Observer Jubilee Print Competition. The Italian Government bursary Nancy FOUTS fl. from late 1960s– Artist and gallery for landcape painting and study of art history, which owner, born in America, who studied at Chelsea took her to Perugia, was won in 1978, three years School of Art, 1964–8, then Royal College of Art, before winning the Richard Ford Award to study 1968. She established the Shirt Sleeve Studio, then in the Prado Museum, Madrid. As well as in 1987 the Fouts and Fowler Gallery. She had a exhibiting at RA from 1975 and in other mixed first solo show at Angela Flowers Gallery in 1974 shows including Maas Gallery and Piccadilly and in 1994 was an Artist of the Day there, chosen Gallery, Fountain had a solo show at Royal by Les Coleman. Mark FOULDS 1963–

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Painter in oil and teacher, born in Eastbourne, Sussex, son of the artist Arthur Reeve-Fowkes. He studied at Reading University, 1938–40 and 1946–8, under Anthony Betts. Fowkes first taught at Winchester School of Art, then for 30 years at Gray’s Art School in Aberdeen, resigning as senior lecturer in the painting school in 1980, moving to live in York. He was a figurative artist, working from drawings made in and about York and in and around Italy, which he visited annually. Piero della Francesca, Seurat and Balthus were influences. Group exhibitions included NEAC, Michael Parkin Gallery and Scottish Arts Council tours. Had a solo show at Douglas and Foulis, Edinburgh, 1970, later ones including Abbot Hall, Kendal, and Charlotte Lampard, both 1989. Scottish Arts Council, Aberdeen Art Gallery and HM The Queen and HRH The Duke of Edinburgh hold examples.

Arnaud Art Annual Exhibition, Guildford, from 2003. Fowler had a solo show at Carlyle Gallery in 2003.

Painter and draughtsman, born in Haslar, Hampshire. She studied privately and at Slade School of Fine Art. Was a member of RWA and ROI. Exhibited in mixed shows at RA, NEAC, RSA and in the provinces, won first prize in Laing Competition in 1979 and gained gold and silver medals at Paris Salon. Had a series of solo shows. Lived in London.

printmaking in 1978 after retiring from a career in chemical engineering, having attended Birkbeck College at London University. Fowler joined SGA in 1982, becoming a member of its council in 1985. Showed with Society of Botanical Artists, NS and Mall Prints. Buxton Museum and Art Gallery holds his work. Lived in Lower Whitley, Cheshire.

David FOWKES 1919–

Kenneth FOWLER 1955– Painter, born in Hull, who

over the years worked as a window-cleaner and as a life-boatman based at Withernsea. His witty, mannered, figurative picture The Exhibition, 1983, was shown in the 1984 Winter Exhibition at Ferens Art Gallery, Hull, which acquired it for its collection.

Richard FOWLER 1921– Sculptor in all threedimensional materials and teacher who studied at West of England College of Art in Bristol and at the Royal College of Art. He was a member of Cheltenham Art Group and showed at RA and RWA and in 19 Young Sculptors at Hillfield Gardens, Gloucester, 1962. Fowler became head of sculpture at Gloucestershire College of Art and Design, Bertha FOWLE 1894–1964 Painter of miniatures, Cheltenham. After retirement, Dick Fowler lived flowers and landscapes, born at Gravesend, Kent. in France. Studied and taught at the School of Art there. Ron FOWLER 1916– Versatile printmaker, born in Exhibited RA, RMS and RI especially, SWA and London. He studied at Glasgow School of Art, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. HM Queen Mary 1941, Warrington School of Art, 1955, and Chester bought her work. Lived at Gravesend. College of Adult Education, 1979–80. Began LeClerc FOWLE fl. from 1950s–1992

Alex FOWLER 1975– Painter of portraits, landscape

and still life, born in London, who did a foundation course at Chelsea College of Art and Design, 1994– 5; gained his master’s with honours in the history of art from Edinburgh University, 1995–9; then completed a two-year portrait painting diploma at Heatherley’s School of Art, 1999–01. He painted portraits to commission and became a member of the RP and NEAC. Group exhibitions included Works on Paper, Cedar House Gallery, Ripley, and Carlyle Gallery, Chelsea, both 2003; and Yvonne

Sculptor, full name Kenness George Kelly, born in Kingston, Jamaica, mainly self-taught and practising from 1980. Fowokan was involved in promoting African history and art to schools and other educational institutions around Britain. Commissions included three pieces for Greater London Council South Bank Spring Festival, 1983; two for Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham Marcus Garvey centenary, 1987; and one for African Peoples’ Historical Foundation building, Brixton, 1988. Exhibitions included Brixton Art Gallery opening show, 1983; 198

FOWOKAN 1943–

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Gallery, from 1988; RA Summer Exhibition, 1991; exhibition with South African Association of Arts, and Transforming the Crown, Harlem Studio Cape Town, 1986, later ones including Trinity Arts Museum, New York, America, 1997. Centre, Tunbridge Wells, and St Martin-in-theFields, both 1990; and Trinity Arts Centre, 1996. Christine FOX 1922– Sculptor and teacher, born in Ernst & Young and PPP Ltd hold examples. Lived Bridlington, Yorkshire, who specialised in in Cranbrook, Kent. sculpture at Bath Academy of Art in Corsham, 1956–9. She was a part-time lecturer in sculpture Mary FOX 1922– Painter and printmaker, born in at Cambridgeshire College of Arts & Technology, Atherstone, Warwickshire, who studied at Leicester 1964–88. Took part in many sculpture park shows, School of Art, 1939, then lithography at the Central including Sculpture in a Garden, Tatton Park, School of Arts and Crafts. She was very influenced Cheshire, 1982; Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Bretton by the work of Polish and German painters, Hall College, Wakefield, 1986; and Art of including several who moved to England, Sculpture, Broxbourne Civil Hall, Hertfordshire, particularly Zdzislaw Ruszkowski, Walter Nessler 1993. Showed annually with Cambridge Society and Jan Wieliczko. Group shows included RA, of Painters & Sculptors from 1970 and in the NEAC, WIAC, Christopher Hull Gallery and the Studios & Sculpture Gardens Open, triennially Camden Annual. Had a series of shows at John during the Cambridge Festival, from 1975. Solo Whibley Gallery from 1960, later ones including exhibitions included Richard Bradley Atelier, Sue Rankin Gallery, 1986, and Stables, Norfolk, 1972; Marjorie Parr Gallery from 1976; Birmingham, from 1993. Her work was included Gilbert Parr Gallery, 1980; and latterly Sculpture in Ian Simpson’s 1990 book The Challenge of into Landscape at Peterborough Arts Centre, 1990, Landscape Painting. Arts Council; Victoria & and Landscape of Trees, Broughton House Gallery, Albert Museum; Nuneaton, Beecroft in Southend Cambridge, 1995. Sculpture bought for public and Portsmouth Art Galleries; and many education places included Axe Carrier, Clare Hall Garden committees held Fox’s work. Lived in London. Court, Cambridge University, 1975; Batrachian Cascade, Stony Stratford, Milton Keynes, 1981; Peter FOX 1952– Artist notable for mixed-media Gathering of Owls, Darwin’s Aviary, New Hall, assemblages. He studied at Kettering Technical Cambridge University, 1992; and Sentinel, Girton College and Falmouth School of Art. Fox College, Cambridge, 1993. Worked in Coton, envisaged Art as having power to counter potentially technologically harmful forces. He Cambridge. showed in groups at Newlyn Orion Gallery, Kathleen FOX 1948– Artist employing oil on board, Penwith Gallery and in Art in Boxes, England & oil on gesso and collage and three-dimensional Co, 1991. His solo exhibitions included Falmouth work in bone and wax, born in Durban, South School of Art, Yeovil Museum and Salthouse Africa, her son being the painter Nicholas Fox. Gallery, St Ives, Cornwall. She studied in Durban, 1966–70, and in Cape Town with Michael Pettit, 1980–1. She was a member Lesley FOXCROFT 1949– Abstract sculptor, born in of the Women’s Art Library, South East Arts and Sheffield, Yorkshire. She studied at Camberwell Hourglass. Fox defined her artistic interests as School of Arts and Crafts, 1970–4. Her group “mystery, ambiguity, dreams and childhood shows included Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, memories, subconcious levels of thought, 1981, Victoria Miro, 1991, and in 1993–4 she was mythology, forces that move beneath the in the Arts Council’s touring Recent British observable surface of reality”. Group exhibitions Sculpture. Her solo shows included Konrad Fischer included Forum Gallery, Cape Town, 1981; UVA, Gallery, Düsseldorf, 1974, Museum of Modern Paris, 1991; England & Co, 1992; Rye Art Gallery, Art, Oxford, 1975, Laure Genillard Gallery, 1988, Rye, 1994; and Mall Galleries, 1995. Had a solo and Cairn Gallery, Nailsworth, 1993. Foxcroft’s 83

exhibition Combination was at Annely Juda Fine “to look at things properly for the first time,” as Art in 2004. Lived in London. the collector Tim Sayer wrote when Foy showed solo with Beardsmore Gallery in 2001. There was Maurice FOXELL 1888–1981 Watercolour painter, a further exhibition there, Isolation, in 2003. After artist in pastel, lino-cutter and wood engraver. From school Foy was initially a Punk musician, playing an ecclesiastical family, Maurice Foxell, who took in four bands, then he attended Rochdale College holy orders, was educated at Christ’s Hospital and of Art & Design, 1981–3, and Ravensbourne Queen’s College Oxford. Exhibited at the Abbey College of Art & Design, 1983–6. Afterwards he Gallery and Walker’s Galleries in the inter-war worked continuously as an artist, apart from two years. Was a Knight Commander of the Royal more years in a band. In 1996–8 he attended Victorian Order and lived in retirement in Goldsmiths’ College for history of art/theory and Lingfield, Surrey. was a LG member, 1996–9. Other shows included LG 80th Anniversary Open, Barbican Centre, Nigel FOXELL 1931– Draughtsman and watercolourist, and versatile writer, born in London Daler-Rowney Prize winner, 1993; The 2nd where he continued to live. He studied at various Christmas Cabinet Art Show, Blue Gallery, 1995; evening classes in London, notably at Central Inside Out, Start Gallery, with John Crossley, 1999; School of Arts and Crafts under Merlyn Evans. and Karl Hofer Gesellschaft, Berlin (Cheltenham Had an especial interest in depicting aspects of Open Drawing Tour), 2000. London before demolition and lectured on architecture for Workers’ Educational Association. Ran the private Earl’s Court Gallery at his home in Earl’s Court. Showed at RBA, East Kent Art Society and elsewhere.

Richard FOZARD 1925–2000 Printmaker, painter and

Printmaker, draughtsman and painter, born in Baarn, Netherlands, who initially worked under her maiden name Marianne Ockinga. She studied at Bath Academy of Art, Corsham, 1960–3, then Rijksakademie, Amsterdam, 1963–6. Took part in mixed shows in Netherlands, having a solo exhibition at Galerie Merlo, Amsterdam, 1984. English mixed exhibitions included the RA Summer Exhibitions, RE, Printmakers’ Council and The Square Gallery. Among her solo exhibitions were the Upper Street Gallery, 1976; White Space Gallery, 1985; and a series at Mary Kleinman Gallery. AMRO Bank in Netherlands holds her work. She lived in north London. Marianne FOX OCKINGA 1943–

Painter, draughtsman and musician, born in Manchester, who was indebted to the Abstract Expressionists and Mark Rothko. Childhood convalescence from eye operations, including periods of blindness, “heightened his sensitivity to his surroundings,” compelling him Steven FOY 1961–

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teacher, born in Leeds, Yorkshire, who, according to his obituarist Richard Robbins, “seemed to step straight out of the Old Testament”, preaching “morality based on ‘the conscience of humanity, the underlying forces of nature’ and the ability of art to express them.” He began work at 14 for Gilchrist Bros, process engravers, who paid for evening studies in design and life drawing. Early in World War II Fozard returned to Yorkshire, working on country estates, which he enjoyed, then served widely abroad in the Royal Navy, honing his technique by taking an art correspondence course. Demobilised in 1946 Fozard studied painting and illustration full-time at Leeds College of Art, then engraving at the Royal College of Art with Robert Austin. After freelance work on fashion and children’s books for Odhams Press, in 1951 Fozard won the print Prix de Rome, spending three years exploring southern Europe. He was appointed to the printmaking staff of Royal College of Art in 1956 under Julian Trevelyan; collaborated with S W Hayter and others in Paris editioning for many artists and galleries; in 1961 moved to Hornsey College of Art, later merged with Middlesex Polytechnic, teaching part-time. After retirement he continued to promote printmaking,

demonstrating at craft festivals. There was a memorial exhibition at Middlesex University in 2002. Died at Minety, Wiltshire.

Guild. From 1920–45 he showed at RA, being elected RA in 1942 but retiring in 1953. By the end of World War II he had found that his eyesight was insufficient for the type of detailed work he did. Frampton was a slow worker, producing meticulous portraits of singular realism which nevertheless often give a sense of unease, of the slightly sinister. After years of obscurity a retrospective at the Tate Gallery in 1982 revived his reputation. His subjects included King George VI, Sir Johnston Forbes-Robertson the actor and the architect Sir Edwin Lutyens. Tate Gallery and Imperial War Museum hold his work. Died in Wiltshire.

Rose FRAIN 1939– Artist and lecturer using a range

of media, born in County Durham. She graduated with fine art honours from the University of Durham, King’s College, Newcastle, 1958–62, taught by Victor Pasmore, Richard Hamilton, Lawrence Gowing and Ralph Holland. Frain taught in the extra-mural department at King’s College and at Newcastle College of Art and Industrial Design. In 1971 she moved to Edinburgh, where in 1973 at the University’s Moray House Institute she gained her teaching certificate. In 1989 Frain had a solo show at 369 Gallery, Edinburgh. Projects from 1986–96 explored A Feminine Symbolic and installations including Towards an Archaeology of the Unconscious, 1994, and Love, Work and Knowledge, 1996, in an art train moving across Europe (Zij Sporen), were realised. From 1992–4 she undertook higher research with Griselda Pollock at Leeds University. From 1998 Frain’s project was This Time in History, citing critical moments. Examples included Radio Vaticana, an installation realised during her Scottish Arts Council residency in Rome, 2000, and What I brought with me, 2003. Frain was a frequently invited guest artist at institutions across the United Kingdom and abroad. Examples of her work are held by the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art in Edinburgh, the Victoria & Albert Museum, and New Hall at Cambridge University.

Russell FRAMPTON 1961– Painter, designer and jazz

guitarist producing landscapes with a strong abstract element. He was born in Warsash, Hampshire, and attended Portsmouth Art College, 1978–9; graduated with honours in fine art from Exeter College of Art and Design, 1979–83; gained his teaching certificate at Exeter University, 1993– 4; and his master’s in fine art postgraduate diploma from Plymouth University, 1998–01. As a digital set designer at the University Frampton used computers to manipulate scanned images of the early stages of his paintings to achieve the final canvas, on which he built up complex surface levels using layering techniques. He lived in the West Country, where the coastal and moorland environment of Devon and Cornwall were important inspirations. Music often set the mood for his pictures. Participated in many British and Japanese group exhibitions and showed solo at Meredith FRAMPTON 1894–1984 Painter and etcher, Highgate Fine Art from 2000. born in London, full name George Vernon Meredith Frampton. He was the son of Sir George Frampton, Peter de FRANCIA 1921– Painter, draughtsman, sculptor of Peter Pan, his mother being the artist teacher and writer, born in Beaulieu, France. He Christabel Cockerell. Meredith Frampton attended studied at Academy of Brussels and Slade School Westminster School, had additional art tuition, then of Fine Art, 1938–40. In the late 1940s and early after some months in Geneva learning French 1950s de Francia worked in Canada, was at the enrolled at St John’s Wood Art School. From 1912– American Museum in New York and for several 15 and in later years during some evenings he years was in British television, responsible for arts studied at Royal Academy Schools, winning a first programmes. From 1954–61 he taught at Morley prize and a silver medal. After World War I Army College and St Martin’s School of Art; was at Royal service Frampton began his professional career. College of Art from 1961–9; then after a few years He was already a member of the Art Workers’ at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art in 1972 de 85

Francia joined Royal College of Art as professor of painting, a position he held until 1986. He was held in high regard as a teacher. He was an acknowledged and published expert on Fernand Léger, his important study appearing under the Yale University Press imprint in 1983. De Francia was a fine draughtsman who worked in series, his figurative pictures often having a political or social message. Retrospectives at Camden Arts Centre, 1977 and 1987. After the Bombing was at James Hyman Fine Art in 2005. Arts Council holds his work. Lived in London.

Williamson, Swindon School of Art, 1948–50 with Harold Dearden, and the East Anglian School of Painting and Drawing with Cedric Morris. Exhibited SWA and widely in East Anglia including Norfolk and Norwich Art Circle, of which she was a member and which holds her work. Lived in Norwich.

Abstract artist, born in Newtownards, County Down, Northern Ireland. He studied at St Martin’s School of Art, 1981–5, then Chelsea School of Art, 1985–6. Was included in New Contemporaries at ICA, 1983; Whitechapel Open, 1990; Twelve Stars, Arts Council Gallery, Belfast, and tour, 1992–3 (Francis’ work Union 2, of 1992, was shown there, being acquired for European Parliament Collection); in 1993 won the Grand Prize at Tokyo International Print Exhibition; and was in the 1995–6, 1997–8 and 2002 John Moores Liverpool Exhibitions. Later solo shows included Harewood House, Leeds, 1996, Mary Boone Gallery, New York, 1997; and Milton Keynes Gallery, 2000; there, Francis worked from the body’s microbiology plus his antiquarian prints of dissections, diseases, flora and fauna. There were also exhibitions at Michael Kohn Gallery, Los Angeles, California, in 2003, and Maureen Paley/Interim Art in 2004. His work was collected widely in the United Kingdom and abroad.

Mark FRANCIS 1962–

Angela FRANCIS 1960– Figure painter and musician,

born in Jamaica, who lived in London. She graduated from Birmingham Conservatoire in 1985 with a degree in piano and composition, taught piano and composed for string quartet, piano, voice and choir. Art education included part-time course at Bournville and Chelsea Schools of Art and Richmond College. The female figure, often solitary, was the subject of Francis’ oils. Later solo shows included Duncan Campbell Contemporary Art from 1996. Brian Jabez FRANCIS 1927– Glass engraver, born in

Dersingham, Norfolk. Attended London and Nottingham Universities and studied art at Canterbury and Exeter Colleges of Art. Showed RMS and SGA, of which he was a member, and overseas. Paris Salon medallist. Lived in Thorney, Cambridgeshire. Mike FRANCIS 1938– He was born in Tooting, south London, lived for a while in Sidcup and settled in Eric Carwardine FRANCIS 1887– Architect, born at Eltham. While training to become an illustrator, St Tewdric, near Chepstow, Monmouthshire. Francis studied at St Martin’s and Central School Francis studied with the Royal Academician and of Art. Joined the Furneaux Gallery in 1960, where architect Sir Edward Guy Dawber. Francis’ work he had his first solo show; in 1972 won the National was shown at the RA and RWA, which holds it in Gallery’s 150th anniversary poster award; also the permanent collection. The Architectural Review exhibited with Nicholas Treadwell in Britain and and Country Life printed examples. Lived at West widely abroad. Had a solo show at Whitford Fine Monkton, Taunton, Somerset. Art, 1998, which comprised Super-Realist pictures strong in sexual allusion and innuendo. Jamaican Iris FRANCIS 1925– Painter and printmaker, born in Dereham, Norfolk. Studied at Slade School of Embassy and a number of corporate collections, Fine Art, 1942–3 and 1945–6, with the intervening including Pears and Shell UK, hold examples. two years at Norwich School of Art; then at There were five further shows at Whitford, 1999– Manchester School of Art, 1947–8, with Harold 04. 86

Sylvia FRANCIS 1910–1996 Versatile artist, designer and teacher in various media, born Sylvia Barrett in Plumstead, Kent. After training at Blackheath School of Art, 1925–8, she worked in London commercial studios including Raphael Tuck, continuing her art studies part-time. During World War II, Sylvia served in drawing offices for the War Department and married Alphons Kowalewski, but when the marriage failed she changed her name by deed poll to Sylvia Francis. After the war she taught painting while still studying, showing regularly at the RA Summer Exhibition, RP, PS, RI and elsewhere. For the last 25 years, Francis spent much of each year painting in East Anglia from her family base near Huntingdon. Bonhams offered her pictures, designs and sculptures in The East Anglian View sale, Lynford Hall, Mundford, in 2000, with ceramics by her cousin Kay Hill.

and widely in Europe and held several exhibitions; in 1930 the Munich Pinakothek bought a landscape and the art historian Hans Tietz wrote a monograph cataloguing Frankl’s etchings. Emigrated to England in 1938. Participated in the Venice and São Paulo Biennales and the Pittsburgh Triennale and in 1961 the president of Austria, which he occasionally visited, bestowed the title professor on Frankl. After his death in Vienna there was a memorial show at Hayward Gallery in 1970 organised by the Arts Council which, like Pallant House Gallery Trust in Chichester, holds Frankl’s work, with another exhibition at Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, in 1997. There is a Gerhart Frankl Memorial Trust, based in London.

John FRANKLAND 1961– Artist working in a wide

range of materials, born in Rochdale, Lancashire. He did a foundation course at the College of Art there, 1979–80, then an honours degree in fine art at Goldsmiths’ College, 1980–3. After leaving college Frankland supported himself as a carpenter and decorator, refurbishing old houses. Was included in Young British Artists IV at Saatchi Gallery, 1995. The work Ohne Titel employed part of a tree trunk and paint; Untitled was a garden shed in reflective silver polythene over wood. Was also included in British Art Show 4, and tour, 1995– 6. Had solo exhibitions with Hales Gallery fom 1993 and one at Matt’s Gallery, 1996: What you lookin’ at? Lived in London.

Francyn fl. c.1940–1970 Painter, born in Portsmouth,

Hampshire, whose real name was Cynthia Dehn Fuller. She showed with WIAC and NS both of which she was a member, Hampstead Artists’ Council and Free Painters and Sculptors and abroad and had several one-man shows. Lived in London.

Artist, born in Berlin, Germany, who was brought to England by her family in 1939, settling in London’s East End. Attended St Martin’s School of Art, 1947–52, but taught social work at the London School of Economics. Her book People had an introduction by the artist and critic Mervyn Levy. Ben Uri Art Society, which has her Portrait of a Woman, gave her a show in 1962, three years after she committed suicide. Memorial show, Boundary Gallery, 2001. Eva FRANKFURTHER 1930–1959

Trevor FRANKLAND 1931– Artist and lecturer, born

Gerhart FRANKL 1901–1965 Artist in various media

who developed his own techniques and who late in life pursued religious themes. He was born in Vienna, Austria, the only son of cultured parents, and briefly studied chemistry before concentrating on art. Although he studied for several months in 1920–1 with Anton Kolig in Noetsch, Frankl was mostly self-taught, not wishing to join any art movement. From 1922 he travelled in North Africa

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in Middlesbrough, Yorkshire, who studied at Laird School of Art, Birkenhead, and Royal Academy Schools. He lectured part-time at Medway and Hornsey Colleges of Art and at Middlesex University. Frankland was elected a fellow of the RE, 1993; member LG, 1996; and full member RBA and RWS, of which he was hon. curator, in 1998. Won a large number of awards, later ones including John Purcell Paper Award, 1992, Wandsworth Arts Grant Aid, 1994, and the St Cuthbert’s Mill and RBA de Laszlo Medal, both 2001. Took part in numerous group shows in Europe, Australia, North America and India. including Singer & Friedlander/Sunday Times

Watercolour Competition and Exhibition, 1994; Images from Shakespeare, National Theatre, 1995; and National Print Exhibition, Mall Galleries, 1996. Later solo shows included Middlesbrough Art Gallery, 1988, and Chelsea Arts Club, 1999. He served on British committee of the International Association of Art Critics. His piece of garden art: Summer River Bed, Winter Flood Plain, was featured in several television programmes, 1988– 92. Middlesbrough Art Gallery; Shipley Art Gallery, Gateshead; Williamson Art Gallery, Birkenhead; and other public and corporate collections hold examples. Lived in London.

Painter and teacher, born in Durban, South Africa. She studied at University of Natal, 1967–72, gaining a postgraduate honours degree; gained an education diploma at University of Cape Town, 1975; settled in London in 1979, obtaining a postgraduate diploma in art and design from Goldsmiths’ College, 1979–80; her master’s degree in painting, Royal College of Art, 1986–8; then was at British School at Rome, 1988–9. For many years she undertook part-time teaching and she travelled widely. Took part in many group shows, solo exhibitions including Artist of the Day, selected by Jennifer Durrant, Flowers East, 1989; and Crane Kalman Gallery from 1991. Graves Art Gallery in Sheffield holds her work which used a rich and vibrant palette and imagery derived from such subjects as graffiti, textile decorations, mythical birds or fish. Jenny FRANKLIN 1949–

Sculptor in a variety of materials, born in Oxford. He studied at Banbury School of Art, 1972–3, St Martin’s School of Art, 1973–4, worked as a landscape gardener in southern Spain, then studied at West Surrey College of Art & Design, Farnham, 1975–7. His exhibitions included South Hill Park Arts Centre, Bracknell, from 1979; Johnson Wax Kiln Gallery, Farnham, 1981; Aspex Gallery, Portsmouth, and Reading Museum and Art Gallery, 1982; and in 1983 a Goldsmiths’ show at Woodlands Art Gallery. Alan FRANKLIN 1954–

Sculptor and teacher, born in Petworth, Sussex. From 1933–9 he worked as a lithographic artist, for the last three years studying part-time at Croydon School of Art. He resumed his studies there after Army service in World War II, resolving to be a sculptor. From 1947–50 studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art under H Wilson Parker, in 1950 being assistant to Frank Dobson for Festival of Britain work. Started showing at RA. From 1949 Franklin began a series of teaching posts, culminating in his appointment as head of sculpture at the West Surrey College of Art and Design, in Farnham, Surrey, 1969–81. Showed widely in Britain and abroad and carried out many private and public commissions, figurative and abstract. Franklin’s involvement in Buddhism, Indian and Chinese art and philosophy gave his work qualities of tranquillity and harmony. Retrospective at West Surrey College of Art and Design, 1988, and touring. Lived in Farnham, Surrey.

Painter, notably in tempera, born in Natal, South Africa. He studied at Michaelis School of Fine Art, Cape Town, graduating in 1977. Was a member of SWLA, showing elsewhere in Britain and abroad. National Gallery of Botswana holds his work. Lived in Teddington, Middlesex.

Kim Hunsdon Eastwood FRANKLIN 1955–

Ben FRANKLIN 1918–1986

L Michèle FRANKLIN 1958– Painter, printmaker, sculptor and teacher, born in Vermont State in America, of American/British nationality. Attended Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, gaining an honours degree in fine art with a commendation for sculpture. In 1984 studied etching there, also at International School of Graphics, Venice. In 1981 did part-time teaching including art therapy, women’s art classes, in 1988 taking up post of associate lecturer at Camden Adult Education Institute. Mixed exhibitions included RA, 1982; Wapping Wall Studios, 1984; Ben Uri Art Society, 1987; and Whitechapel Open Studios – At Home, 1992. Shared a show at Sue Rankin Gallery, 1992, solo exhibition at The Sternberg Centre for Judaism, 1999. Ben Uri holds her work. Lived in London. Kristian FRANKS 1976– Artist, born in Birmingham,

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who graduated in fine art from Ruskin School of

Drawing and Fine Art, Oxford, 1995–8, gaining a master’s degree at Chelsea College of Art and Design, 1998–9. Was included in group show at Museum of Modern Art, Wales, Machynlleth, 2000. In same year had solo shows Space is for Free, Colombia University, New York, in America, and The Language for the Kiss, Cannes, France. Lived in Borth, Cardiganshire.

Committee, and on the councils of the SSA, Aberdeen Arts Society, RSA and RSW. He won the inaugural Noble Grossart Prize in 1996.

Artist, born on Vanuatu, who graduated at La Trobe University, in Australia, 1987–9; gained a postgraduate diploma in fine art from Victorian College of the Arts, Melbourne University, 1992–3; and his master’s in fine art, Barcelona, Spain, and Winchester, 1995–6. He had a series of solo exhibitions at Darren Knight Gallery, Melbourne, from 1997, also in that year at Panorama Gallery, Barcelona. In 1997 Fraser participated in The Large Print Show, Christchurch Mansion, Ipswich, commenting about his Dry Shave print of a razor: “Contemporary objects imbued with a quiet force and beauty are the essence of my work.” He was then based in Sheerness, Kent, with an address in Sale, Victoria, Australia. Cameron FRASER 1968–

Sculptor, born in Yorkshire, who graduated from Goldsmiths’ College School of Art in 2000 with the sculpture Foooooom!, acquired by the British Council. He then participated in several London exhibitions (VTO, Cell Project Space and Hallucinating Love at Asprey Jacques) and in two British Council shows: London Orphan Asylum, 2000, and Tailsliding, which toured Scandinavia in 2002. In that year Franks had a first solo exhibition at Asprey Jacques, introducing a mythological theme with three new pastel-shaded Styrofoam, steel and epoxy resin sculptures; also, his work transcendent plastic infinite, which referred to and parodied the new, large, colourful abstract sculpture that appeared in Britain in the 1960s, was included in the Art Now programme at Tate Britain. Matt FRANKS 1970–

Colin FRASER 1956��� Teacher and painter of still life

and interiors whose work included a strong autobiographical symbolism, born in Glasgow. He gained an honours degree at Brighton and had a first solo show there in 1978. Many others followed, including Catto Gallery from 1994 and Alexander FRASER 1940– Painter and teacher, born The Gatehouse Gallery, Giffnock, Glasgow, 2004. in Aberdeen. He studied at Gray’s School of Art Also exhibited in RA Summer Exhibitions and there, 1958–62, completing a postgraduate year. with NEAC and RWS. Spent many years perfecting A Travelling Scholarship took him to France and the egg tempera process. Moved to Sweden in Italy. Fraser won a number of awards including 1985, where he lived in Lund and taught at its the RSA Guthrie Award, the Sir William Gillies School of Art. Bequest allowing him to travel in Egypt. Fraser joined the staff of Gray’s School and became senior Donald Hamilton FRASER 1929– Painter, printmaker, lecturer in charge of painting. From the mid-1960s writer and teacher, born in London. He studied at he had a steady stream of solo exhibitions, St Martin’s School of Art, 1949–52, having his figurative and abstract work, including 57 Gallery, first solo show at Gimpel Fils in 1953. Showed Edinburgh; Sheffield University; Compass Gallery, frequently there and at Paul Rosenberg & Co in Glasgow; Aberdeen Art Gallery; Talbot Rice Art New York and elsewhere abroad in mixed Centre, Glasgow, 1987; and Cyril Gerber Fine Art, exhibitions. The ballet and landscape were Glasgow, 1995. In that exhibition Fraser showed common themes in his work, which was largely small paintings and drawings intended to engage figurative and influenced by the School of Paris, the viewer’s imagination and which were “open where he studied under a French Government to interpretation”, tinged with a Surrealist oddness. Scholarship, 1953–4. Taught at Royal College of Among Fraser’s administrative roles were serving Art, 1957–83. Was elected RA in 1985 and was a on Grampian Hospitals and Health Care Art Project member of Royal Fine Art Commission in 1986. 89

Jean FRASER: see Jean DUNCAN

There was a print retrospective at CCA Galleries, 2000. He shared an exhibition with Tom Coates at W H Patterson, 2003, having had a 50-year retrospective there in 2002. His wife Judy was also an artist. Arts Council holds his work. Lived in London.

Painter of landscapes, who attended Ipswich School of Art, 1988–90. As well as Spain, France and Ireland, Fraser especially depicted the river, marshland and beach at Shingle Street, Suffolk, “making discoveries that are increasingly lyrical and mysterious,” according to painter Maggi Hambling. Mixed shows included New Grafton Gallery, from 1990; Cinema Gallery, Aldeburgh, 1991; Haste Gallery, Ipswich, 1993; RA Summer Exhibition, 1996; and from 1994 the John Russell Gallery, Ipswich, which gave him a solo exhibition in 2000. Jeremy FRASER 1941–

Elizabeth FRASER 1914– Sculptor in various materials and painter, born in Teddington, Middlesex. She studied at Birmingham, Central and Westminster Schools of Art and at Edinburgh College of Art under the sculptor Eric Schilsky. Showed with SPS of which she was a member, RA and in the provinces, having a series of solo exhibitions. Lived in London.

Versatile artist, maker of boxed sculptures which he called 3D collages, inspired by a single object for which he created a life history. Born in Ealing, Middlesex, Fraser early wanted to be an artist, from 12 inspired by Surrealism, notably Magritte, Ernst and de Chirico and the wonders of the Science Museum. He graduated from the Central School of Art and Design, 1973–7, where he was interested in performance art, particularly lighting and building, while carrying on his own sculpture. Fraser used objects from the Greenwich foreshore near his home, or, in the case of his show Gas Pie, at The Mayor Gallery, 1998, ideas gleaned on a trip to eastern Europe. Work themes included “disasters, airships, evolution”. Neil Fraser 1955–

Painter in oil and watercolour, stained glass designer but especially an outstanding pen and ink draughtsman. Fraser studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art under Frederick Marriott, Edmund J Sullivan and Clive Gardiner, all strong black-and-white men. He exhibited at the RA and SSA, but it is on the printed page that he established his reputation. He worked for the Folio Society, Golden Cockerel Press, Radio Times, The Studio and Punch, among many others. Murals were done for the navigators memorial in Westminster Abbey and Babcock House, and a huge one in connection with the Festival of Britain in 1951. Latterly Fraser said that he preferred commissions which meant he could use his imagination and did not have to represent reality. A wide-ranging exhibition of Fraser’s work was held at the Royal College of Art in 1991, sponsored by British Gas, Fraser having invented Mr Therm, the gas symbol. The firm was one of Fraser’s many industrial clients. Lived at Hampton, Middlesex. Eric FRASER 1902–1984

Artist, notably a draughtsman, and teacher, whose work was influenced by Op Art, Celtic designs and the computer at various stages. He was born in Belfast, Northern Ireland, and studied at the College of Art there, 1960–5, and Hornsey College of Art, 1965– 8. Returned to Belfast to teach, appointments including a lectureship at Ulster College. In 1974 he gained a travel bursary from Arts Council of Northern Ireland, which holds his work, to research computer art in North America. Exhibitions included the Arts Council of Northern Ireland’s Gallery in Belfast, Octagon Gallery in the city and Third Eye Centre, Glasgow. Norman FRASER

Painter, printmaker and teacher, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland. Fraser studied at Leeds College of Art, 1949–53, then at Royal College of Art, 1955–8. He taught at Hornsey College of Art and was head of the BA Hons Fine Art course at Middlesex Polytechnic. Lived in Shepperton, Middlesex.

Ian FRASER 1933–1987

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1943–

Simon FRASER 1950– Artist, born in Inverness, who

Loughborough College of Art; in 1986 gained an honours degree and printmaking prize from Sunderland College of Art and Design; and also attended Cyprus College of Art. After a 25,000mile motorcycle journey through Asia and Australia in 1989 she settled in St Ives, Cornwall, starting to paint and make prints. In 1990 Frears was one of 10 invited artists in a portfolio of etchings to raise money towards building Tate in St Ives. In 1992 she took an exhibition of her own and other St Ives’ artists work to Bangkok, Thailand, the profits building a school for Karen tribe children; and as a Porthmeor Printmaker made a lino-cut for a portfolio to help fund renovation of Porthmeor Print Workshop. Taught widely in Cornwall. Exhibition venues included Marsden Contemporary Art; Adam Gallery, Bath; and in St Ives at the New Craftsman, Penwith Gallery and William Miller FRAZER 1864–1961 Landscape New Millennium Gallery, where she had solo painter, born at Scone, Perthshire, who attended shows in 2003 and 2005. Falmouth College of Art, Perth Academy, then studied at Royal Scottish Sunderland University, Cornwall County Council Academy Schools, winning the Keith Prize, then and Royal Cornwall Museum hold examples. in Paris. Elected RSA in 1924. Exhibited there and prolifically at Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Harry FRECKLETON 1890–1979 Painter in oil, born Arts, and at RA, RBA, RHA and ROI. Closely in Nottingham, where he continued to live. He was involved with Scottish Arts Club, of which he was the husband of the artist Vera Freckleton. He for a time president. Lived in Edinburgh. attended Nottingham School of Art, 1904–12, his teachers including Wilson Foster, and was Nigel FREAKE 1959– Painter, born in London, who influenced by the local painter Arthur Spooner. studied at Exeter University/College of Art & Freckleton worked as a lithographic artist, served Design, 1978–81, then Goldsmiths’ College, 1991– in the Army during World War I, worked as an 3. He was finalist, New Art Award for artist for New Zealand Ciné Studios and then ran Postgraduates, in the latter year. Group exhibitions his own photographic business, 1924–65. He included Library Gallery, Exeter University, 1982; showed at RA, RP, RBA and with the Nottingham Spacex Gallery, Exeter, 1983; Cable Street Studios Society of Artists of which he was a member. Open Studios, 1990; Into the Nineties 5, Mall Represented in public collections in Nottingham, Galleries, 1993; and Cable and Wireless, 1995. In Blackpool, Huddersfield and elsewhere. Blush, shared with Julie Major at Paton Gallery, 1996, Freake showed work indicating Carl André’s Vera FRECKLETON 1899–1989 Painter and Minimalist influence. Painted in acrylic and miniaturist, noted for her work on ivory, born in synthetic resin on linen, the paintings had as their Nottingham, where she continued to live. She was origin dresses, patterned fabrics on a moving the wife of the painter Harry Freckleton, and her female body. The Courtauld Institute East Wing uncle Arthur Redgate and grandfather Sylvanus Redgate were both Nottingham artists. Studied at Collection holds Freake’s work. local College of Art, 1917–20. She showed her Naomi FREARS 1963– Artist and teacher, born in work at RMS, 1955–74, of which she became a Leicestershire, who did a foundation course at full member in 1971. Also exhibited at Paris Salon studied at the Ruskin School of Drawing, Oxford, and Gray’s School of Art, Aberdeen, 1968–72. Whether he worked in oil on canvas or in colour or black-and-white etchings, Fraser’s art was permeated by poetry and mythology, especially Celtic myth. He illustrated the poetry of George Mackay Brown, Aonghas MacNeacail and T S Eliot. Group shows included Contemporary Landscape, Edinburgh City Art Centre, 1985, and Newcastle Maritime Festival, Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle, and The Human Touch, Fischer Fine Art, both 1986. He had a series of solo shows throughout Britain, starting with Bristol Arts Centre and Plymouth Hoe Theatre, both 1979, later ones including An Lanntair, Stornoway, and Peacock Printmakers, Aberdeen, both 1985, and Artspace Galleries, Aberdeen, 1986.

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where she gained an Hon. Mention in 1955, a silver with Gordon Yapp and Alex Jackson she went on medal in 1965 and a gold medal in 1972. to co-found the Birmingham Pastel Society, holding a first show. She studied at King Edward Jane FREDERICK 1969– Painter, lecturer and VI School, Birmingham, where she lived, and art muralist, born in Lincoln, who gained a general at East Anglian School of Painting with Cedric art and design diploma at Lincolnshire College of Morris. Became a member of RBSA in 1978 and Art and Design (where she later taught), 1985–7; PS in 1983. She won the Feeney Award, a fine art honours degree at Nottingham Birmingham, 1977, PS’ Herring Award, 1983, and Polytechnic, 1987–90; and her teacher’s certificate Pastel Society of Canada Award, 1989. Took part at University of Central England, Birmingham, in Five Artists at RBSA Galleries, Birmingham, 1992–3. Other teaching venues included 1990. Solo shows included Birmingham Bournville College of Art, Birmingham; North University; Oxford University; Keele University; East Worcestershire College; and Colchester Walsall Art Gallery; Royal Shakespeare Theatre, Institute. Was artist-in-residence, Barr-Beacon Stratford-upon-Avon; and in America. School, Birmingham, 1993. She was shortlisted for the NatWest Art Prize, 1995 and 1998. In 1997 Katerina FREDYNA 1906– Painter and draughtsman, she gained a Lottery-funded commission for notably in gouache, born in Kharkov, Russia. After Brookside Primary School, Telford, and a murals education there she studied at St Martin’s School commission for J Sainsbury, Stamford House. of Art from the mid-1950s under Muriel Mixed shows included Singer & Pemberton. Was a member of WIAC, Free Painters Friedlander/Sunday Times Watercolour and Sculptors and Campden Hill Club, also Competition, Mall Galleries, 1989; Ipswich Open, exhibiting at Whitechapel Art Gallery, Camden Christchurch Mansion, Ipswich, 1995; and the BP Arts Centre and at Paris Salon. Bibliothèque Portrait Award, National Portrait Gallery, from Nationale, Paris, holds her work. Lived in London. 1998. Among her later solo shows were The Green Room, at Minories Art Gallery, in Colchester, Susan FREEBOROUGH 1941– Figurative sculptor Essex, where she lived, 1999, in which Frederick who gained a first-class honours degree at explored the “many similarities between the Chichester College of Higher Education, 1986, language of garden design and that of painting”; then an honours degree in fine art at Cheltenham and Artist Space there in 2005, in which she turned College of Art, 1991. Between 1991–2 she was the downstairs area “into a temporary studio to employed by Pangolin Editions sculpture foundry at Chalford, Gloucestershire. Showed in degree create her large-scale snapshot paintings.” exhibition at Cheltenham College and in Fresh Art Waveney FREDRICK 1911–1999 Artist in various at Business Design Centre, Islington, both 1991, media, notably pastel and charcoal, born in Luton, and in 1st RWA Open Sculpture Exhibition, 1993. Bedfordshire. Until she married a schoolteacher, Lived in Sheepscombe, Stroud, Gloucestershire. John Fredrick, in 1969, she was known by her maiden name, Waveney Payne. Under this name, Colin FREEBURY 1946– Painter producing large as a keen viola player she helped found the Midland gestural abstracts in which pastel colours were String Quartet, her playing career being cut short predominant, born in London. Studied for his art by tuberculosis and the loss of a lung; made an and design diploma at Falmouth School of Art, impressive career as a librarian, expanding the gaining a teaching qualification from Cardiff Shakespeare Library and its seven-volume University. In 1979 became a member of Penwith Shakespeare Bibliography catalogue, published in Society of Arts and worked in a studio in Penwith 1969; and established her early career as an artist, Gallery, St Ives, Cornwall. Exhibitions included in 1950 founding the Harborne Group, which Rainyday Gallery, Penzance, 1994, and The Edge aimed at jettisoning academic restraints. In 1984 of Beyond, Belgrave Gallery, 1995. 92

Artist and teacher, born in Toledo, Ohio, America, who graduated with a fine arts degree from Miami University of Ohio, earning a master’s (cum laude) from the University of Iowa in 1962, studying under the noted printmaker Mauricio Lasansky. Freed also studied at the Royal College of Art, London. His awards included a Fulbright Grant, 1963–4; World Print Competition, 1977; Nattie Marie Jones Fellowship, 1983; Virginia Museum of Fine Art, 1983–4; Faculty Grant-in-Aid, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1983–4 and 1989–90; and Theresa Pollak Prize for Excellence in the Arts, Richmond, Virginia, 2001. After Fulbright, Freed returned to America to teach sculpture, design and children’s classes at the Toledo Museum of Art School. He moved to Richmond in 1966 to start a printmaking programme at Richmond Professional Institute, which later became Virginia Commonwealth University, eventually becoming professor of printmaking with his own studio in Richmond. As well as working in Paris for four months after being granted a studio apartment and a Virginia Museum of Fine Arts Fellowship, Freed held a number of visiting lectureships, including Central School of Art, 1969, 1976, 1977, 1986 and 1989; Ruskin School of Drawing, Oxford, 1970 and 1972; University of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1974 and 1997; Loughborough School of Art, 1976 and 1986; Is Bisonte, Florence, Italy, and Brighton School of Art, both 1989; and Reading University, 1992. Freed took part in many international mixed shows, later solo exhibitions including a retrospective at Anderson Gallery, Virginia Commonwealth University, 2001. Among the large number of notable public collections holding his work are the Art Institute of Chicago; Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge; Library of Congress, Washington; Museum of Modern Art, New York; Victoria & Albert Museum; and Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.

largely taught himself basic education, music and to draw. By 1916 he was able to earn his living as a draughtsman to a monumental mason. For five years he studied part-time at St Martin’s School of Art. The personal influence of William Rothenstein enabled him to study full-time at the Royal College of Art, 1922–5. Then he went through a lean period as a freelance. After two years he was commissioned to illustrate Laurence Binyon’s poem The Wonder Night, he began to exhibit at the NEAC and became a pioneer in reviving colour lithography. At various times taught at the Working Men’s College, Crowndale Road, Ruskin School of Art, Oxford, and the Royal College of Art. Official war artist in World War II. By his death Freedman had established an enviable reputation as an illustrator and designer of posters, stamps, books and book-jackets. He believed there was no such thing as commercial art, “only good art and bad art”. First exhibition at the Literary Bookshop, Bloomsbury, 1929; memorial exhibition Arts Council, 1958, and tour; Manchester Polytechnic, which holds the Freedman archive, held a major show in 1990. Freedman lived in London, married to the artist Beatrice Claudia Freedman. Tate Gallery holds his work.

David FREED 1936–

Barnett FREEDMAN 1901–1958 Painter, printmaker, draughtsman and teacher, born in east London to a poor Jewish family recently arrived from Russia. He was bedridden for several years as a child and

Artist, illustrator and teacher, born in Formby, Lancashire, of Sicilian ancestry. She worked as Beatrice Claudia Guercio, her maiden name; Claudia Freedman; or just C F. Was married to the artist Barnett Freedman. She studied at Liverpool School of Art under Frederick Carter, then at the Royal College of Art with Malcolm Osborne. Exhibited at RA and Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. In addition she did a wide variety of graphic work, designing an alphabet for the Baynard Press; producing designs for advertising; as well as drawings for the General Post Office, Fortnum and Mason, Medici Society and Curwen Press. Among books illustrated were her own My Toy Cupboard; the Little Book of Parables, 1944, perhaps her most important work in this field, for which her husband did the page lay-outs; and Eleanor Graham’s Beatrice Claudia FREEDMAN 1904–1981

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editing of The Puffin Book of Verse, 1953. Victoria Kent, Norfolk, Somerset and Wiltshire hold & Albert Museum holds her work. Lived in London examples. for many years, but died in Sussex. Barbara FREEMAN 1937– Painter, printmaker, Claudia FREEDMAN: see Beatrice Claudia FREEDMAN sculptor and installations artist, and teacher, born in London. She studied at St Martin’s, Camberwell Constance FREEDMAN 1927–1982 Sculptor in a and Hammersmith Colleges of Art, gaining her variety of materials and painter, wife of a furniture diploma in 1962, doing a postgraduate diploma at manufacturer, Joseph Freedman. She studied at Sir University of Leeds, 1972. Taught part-time in John Cass School of Art, 1963–8. In 1979 she was several colleges. Freeman made sculpture until awarded a Church Fellowship for environmental 1982, when she changed to painting and and functional sculpture. For most of her life printmaking, including mixed media pieces. She Freedman lived in Hackney, east London. The travelled widely, which was reflected in the Chalmers Art Gallery there holds her portrait bust subjects of her work, both figurative and abstract, of Big Dave, a market character, and in 1980 Prince often using a rich palette. She was a member of Philip unveiled her powerful Javelin Thrower, in the Association of Irish Artists. Group exhibitions welded copper, which stands outside the Britannia included Magnetic North, Orchard Gallery, Leisure Centre, Shoreditch. Generals Eisenhower Londonderry, 1987; Art London 89, Art Fair, 1989; and Montgomery were portrayed by her and her and Abstract Representation, Triskel Arts Centre, head of the ballet dancer Anton Dolin is on Cork, 1991. Was later represented by Hart Gallery, permanent view at Sadler’s Wells Theatre. Showed Nottingham. West Yorkshire County Council, at RA, Whitechapel and Ben Uri Galleries, Paris Leeds City Council and University of Bradford are Salon and elsewhere abroad and had a series of among British and foreign collections holding solo exhibitions, including Chalmers, 1969–72, examples. Lived in Belfast, Northern Ireland. and Brunswick Gallery, 1977. She was a member of SPS and was made a fellow of RBS in 1978. Barry FREEMAN 1947– Artist and teacher who was Freedman died in the Royal Marsden Hospital, largely self-taught, although he did study part-time Fulham. at St Martin’s School of Art and Morley College. Landscapes, coastal and figure pictures in oil and Anthony FREEMAN 1939– Painter, born in Surrey, pastel were a strong feature of his output. Freeman who attended Kingston School of Art. While a worked as a demonstrator for the artists’ materials student there, in 1960 he sold a sombre self-portrait firm Daler-Rowney and taught at Earnley to the collector Ruth Borchard and it is included Concourse, Chichester. He was a member of PS, in Philip Vann’s book Face to Face, published in other venues including Fairfield Halls, Croydon, 2004 by Sansom & Company Ltd/Piano Nobile 1985–9; Edwin Pollard Gallery, 1987; RBA, 1990; Fine Paintings. Freeman exhibited with Young Bourne Gallery, Reigate, 1990–1; and in 1992 he Contemporaries and at the RA Summer Exhibition. shared a three-man exhibition at Anna-Mei Chadwick. Freeman won the Willi Hoffmann-Güth Arthur FREEMAN 1927– Painter, born in Maidstone, Kent, where he studied at the College of Art. He Award, PS, 1995; Highly Commended Award, was an experienced watercolourist, from the early Daler-Rowney, PS, 1995; and George Barnes 1970s developing a new interest in seascapes, given Award for pastels. His work was featured in many a solo show at Thackeray Gallery, 1978. Mixed books. exhibitions included Roland, Browse and Delbanco; Campbell and Franks; Mercury and Belgrave Galleries. City of Glasgow, Government Art Collection and the county collections of Essex,

Esther J FREEMAN 1939– Sculptor who worked in

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a variety of traditional and modern materials. She studied at West of England College of Art in Bristol and at the Slade School of Fine Art. Her plaster

Vienna, Austria. She studied art there and with Arthur Segal in London. Exhibitions included Loggia Gallery, Cockpit Theatre, Ben Uri Gallery, Hampstead Town Hall and Royal Over-Seas League. Lived in London.

Sculpture of Haptikos, of 1962, was included in that year in 19 Young Sculptors at Hillfield Gardens, Gloucester, at which time she was living in London.

Painter, notably of meticulously placed and richly coloured still lifes in which the frames enhanced and complemented the work. She studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art in the 1950s, tutors including Adrian Ryan, Sam Rabin and Kenneth Martin. In the 1970s she returned to study at Bath Academy of Art and Bath College of Higher Education, from then on continuing to work in life classes. She showed at the RWA, Bath Society of Artists, NEAC Laing Landscape Exhibition, South West Academy and RA, having a solo exhibition at Duncan Campbell Fine Art in 2003. Freeman lived in Bath, Somerset. Janet FREEMAN 1933–

Mary FREEMAN 1888–1974 Watercolourist, born on

St Patrick’s Day and known as Pat. She trained at Kingston School of Art, having been born in Surbiton, Surrey, then lived for 40 years in Shere, only moving to an old people’s home in Woking in her seventies when she became ill. She was then still painting and was known for her watercolours of local woods and the market and cafés of Guildford. A group of her paintings was donated to Guildford House Gallery, and there are works by her in other galleries in the southeast of England.

Painter, printmaker and illustrator, born in London, who studied at Bath Academy of Art, 1976–7, and Chelsea School of Art, 1977–80. His Arts Council residencies included the Royal Surrey County Hospital, 1986; Park Barn School, Guildford, and Epsom Hospital, both 1990; and Folly Hill School, Farnham, and Winston Churchill School, Woking, both 1991. Among Freeman’s group exhibitions were National Portrait Gallery, John Player Portrait Award, 1984 and 1989; Bluecoat Gallery, Liverpool, 1985; Association of Illustrators Gallery, 1986; New Ashgate Gallery, Farnham, 1989; Collins Gallery, University of Strathclyde, 1994; and The Folio Society Jubilee Exhibition, British Museum, 1997. Freeman’s drawings and prints illustrated a series of books, including The Graphic Guide to Thatcher, Ed Harriman, 1986; Eight Scandinavian Poets, 1992; and A Life Going On, poems by David Allison, 1993. Regular solo shows included Camden Arts Centre, 1988; Royal Festival Hall, 1991; Balliol College, Oxford, 1994; Helsinki City Library Gallery, Finland, 1995; Southampton City Art Centre, 1996; and Descent to Byworth at Abbott and Holder, 2002. He lived in Guildford, Surrey. John Tatchell FREEMAN 1958–

Lily FREEMAN 1920– Painter and lecturer, born in

Visionary painter, draughtsman, printmaker and adult educationist, born in Swansea. Having always lived near the sea, except for London in the 1960s where a post on a Fleet Street newspaper “nearly stifled creative work,” he “found that the rhythm of the tides deeply influenced his work and outlook,” and returned to Swansea. Among Mike Freeman’s series of paintings were Shipwrecks, from the early 1970s; the Book of the Crab, begun in the early 1980s; and Canute, exhibited at The Bar Covent Museum, York, 1993. Other solo shows included a 1964–84 retrospective at Glynn Vivian Art Gallery & Museum, Swansea, 1985, and Queen’s Hall, Narberth, 2001. A seventieth-birthday retrospective was at Neath Museum & Art Gallery in 2006. Freeman was an erudite musician and musicologist and the relationship between art and music was important to him. He was an expert on the life and music of the composer Joseph Holbrooke, on whom he wrote. Freeman produced witty, figurative programme illustrations for concerts by the PM Music Ensemble at the Norwegian Church Arts Centre, Cardiff Bay, and Marco Polo and Naxos used his pictures on their compact discs. For several decades Freeman’s students showed annually as The Theodore Painters at the Port Talbot Art Centre. In 2000, he formed the Friday Group there; it saw “the handling of paint, and Michael FREEMAN 1936–

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other traditional two-dimensional media as still sufficient for the presentation of vital artistic ideas.” WAC, Glynn Vivian and many private collections in Britain and abroad hold Freeman’s work.

at its Open Sculpture Exhibition in 1996. He was elected RWA in 1998 and sculpted and painted fulltime. Freeman shared a show with his wife at Duncan Campbell Fine Art in 2006. Lived in Bath, Somerset.

Ralph FREEMAN 1945– Painter of abstract pictures in oil and watercolour, collagist, relief-maker, designer and teacher, born in London. He studied at St Martin’s and Harrow Schools of Art, 1961– 5, then worked as a jazz pianist, artist and designer in London, Hamburg and Frankfurt. Commissions included murals and social, film and exhibition posters, 1965–74. He also lectured at Bournemouth College of Art. Later commissions included the stage set for Nevermore at Half Moon Theatre, 1985, and a series of works on Man, Spirit and Energy, 1990. Freeman was a member of Newlyn Society of Artists and Penwith Society of Arts. Mixed show appearances included Boundary and Ben Uri Galleries, Camden Arts Centre and Anderson O’Day. He had a solo show at Camden Arts Centre in 1983, later ones including several in Milan and Hamburg, Royal Cornwall Museum Galleries, Truro, 1992, and The New Millennium Gallery, St Ives, 1999 and 2003. Lived in St Ives, Cornwall.

Painter, miniaturist and illustrator, he was a frequent solo exhibitor at Tib Lane Gallery, Manchester, from 1970. Later solo shows included Linton Court Gallery, Settle; Oriel 31, Welshpool; and Austin/Desmond Fine Art. Freer also appeared in mixed shows at Agnew, Hamet Gallery and New Grafton Gallery. He illustrated books for Cambridge University Press and T R Henn’s autobiography Five Arches. Freer was noted for his landscapes, notably those of the English countryside, which had a fine sense of atmosphere. Allen FREER 1926–

Mavis FREER 1927– Landscape painter and teacher

who was born in Chesterfield, Derbyshire. From 1943–9 she studied at the School of Art there and Goldsmiths’ College School of Art. Taught parttime at Grinling Gibbons School, Deptford. Showed frequently in mixed shows and had a solo exhibition in Canterbury in 1976, another at Woodlands Art Gallery in 1977.

Richard FREEMAN 1932– Versatile artist and teacher

whose work included painting, ceramics and sculpture, married to the painter Janet Freeman. Between 1950–6, Freeman studied at Goldsmiths’ College and Chelsea School of Art and taught in London schools. Between 1956–72, he was selfemployed with his own studio-workshops, was a founder-member of the Craftsmen Potters Association and exhibited in Britain and abroad, through the Design Council, Heal’s, Liberty, Primavera and other outlets. During 1972–82, Freeman lectured part-time in ceramics and sculpture at Bath Academy of Art and Bath College of Higher education, part-time study at Bristol University achieving a Master of Education degree, while continuing to exhibit in London and the provinces. Between 1982–97, Freeman became a full-time senior lecturer at Bath College of Higher Education, incorporating Bath Academy of Art, exhibiting at the RWA from 1992, winning a prize

Roy FREER 1938– Painter using a rich palette, and

teacher, born in Birmingham. He trained at Bournville School of Art and Birmingham College of Arts and Crafts between 1956–8. He was a member of ROI, PS and RI whose later work became looser and broader, more about the substance of colour, brushmark and paint. Freer took part in many mixed shows, including RA Summer Exhibition, NEAC (of which he also became a member), Linda Blackstone Gallery in Pinner and Adam Gallery in Bath. A large number of solo exhibitions included Anna-Mei Chadwick, 1993, Catto Gallery, 2002, and Chappel Galleries, Chappel, 2005. Among his awards were the RI bronze medal in 1986; ROI Cornelissen Prize same year; PSCD Soar Prize, 1990; and ROI Catto Gallery Prize, 1992. Open University holds his work. Lived in London.

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Hubert Andrew FREETH 1912–1986 Etcher and painter, especially of portraits and figure subjects. Born in Birmingham, he attended the School of Art there, then won an engraving Rome Scholarship in 1936, subsequently spending three years at the British School in Rome. During World War II he was an Official War Artist in the Middle East, his drawings and prints being bought by the War Artists’ Advisory Committee. Work also owned by British Museum and many other public collections. Freeth contributed to the Pilgrim Trust Recording Britain project and was widely anthologised in collections of war artists’ work. Exhibited RA, and was elected RA 1965, also RE, RWS, RP and elsewhere. Freeth was noted for his superbly accomplished etchings. Taught at St Martin’s School of Art and Central School of Arts and Crafts. Lived at Northwood, Middlesex.

Brighton. At that time he was based in Halifax, Yorkshire, but by late 1940s, when he showed at RA Summer Exhibitions, Freeth was living in Bromley, then Beckenham, Kent, where he taught at the Art School. He retired as head of painting at Ravensbourne College of Art (formerly Bromley) in 1977. He was remembered by a former colleague as “a sound man, rather retiring, a loner”.

Chloe FREMANTLE 1950– Painter, born in London,

output including abstract work, who studied at Byam Shaw School of Art, 1968–72. She then lived in Italy, Scotland and France, 1972–82; in London and New York, 1982–7; then settled in London. Held many solo exhibitions from 1973, later ones including Jernigan Wicker Gallery, San Francisco, California, 1996; Chelsea & Westminster Hospital and Eagle Gallery at Sheridan Russell Gallery, both 1999; and Curwen Gallery, 2002. J Walter Peter FREETH 1938– Printmaker and teacher, born Thompson, De Beers, Mobil and other corporate in Birmingham, who studied at Slade School of collections held work in Britain and abroad. Fine Art, 1956–60, gaining the Prix de Rome for engraving, 1960. He taught at Royal Academy Annie FRENCH 1872–1965 Watercolourist, illustrator, Schools and Camden Institute. From 1973 showed designer and teacher, born in Glasgow and married at RA, elsewhere in mixed shows in London, as to the artist George Wooliscroft Rhead, who well as extensively abroad. Elected RA and RE, predeceased her by 45 years. French studied at 1991. Elected RA and RE, 1991. From 1987 had Glasgow School of Art under Fra Newbery and solo shows at Christopher Mendez, 1987–9, others taught in the department of design there from 1909, including Friends Room at the RA, 1991; Santa but after marrying Rhead she settled in London in Maria a Gradillo, Ravello, Italy, 1997; Word Play, 1915. She was a prolific exhibitor at RSA and RA, 2001; and Christ Church Picture Gallery, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, also Oxford, in 2005. He shared an exhibition with showing at RHA, RA and elsewhere. Her work Marianne Kreeger at Beardsmore Gallery, 2002. was highly detailed, mixing Art Nouveau, the style British Museum, Victoria & Albert Museum, Arts of Jessie M King and a touch of Aubrey Beardsley. Council and Metropolitan Museum hold his work. Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art holds several works by her. Lived in London. Painter, draughtsman and teacher who worked for a time as a designer/painter on porcelain, studied at Royal College of Art for four years, then travelled in France and Spain. He joined the Army in April 1941, from September that year serving as a sapper with Headquarters, 9th Armoured Division. War Artists’Advisory Committee bought several works by Freeth, in collections of Imperial War Museum and Royal Pavilion Art Gallery and Museums,

Dick FRENCH 1946– Painter, born in South Shields,

Thomas FREETH 1912–1994

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County Durham. He studied at Sheffield College of Art, 1962–7, his teachers including Robin Plummer and Kevin Farrell, then at Royal College of Art, 1967–70, under Carel Weight and Peter Blake. For a time he was resident artist at Lanchester Polytechnic, Coventry. He won the Harmstone Bequest, 1967, and Burston Award in 1970. Among mixed exhibitions were John Moores Liverpool Exhibitions, 1976 and ’87, in both of

which he won prizes, as well as City Artists, 1985– Valence School he joined the Royal Navy, 1941– 6. Had solo shows at South Hill Park in 1985 and 7, training at Dartmouth Naval College and holding City Artists Gallery, 1986. Public galleries in commissioned rank. Frere-Smith studied at Wolverhampton and Sheffield hold his work. Lived Wimbledon College of Art, 1947, then sculpture in London. at Royal College of Art, 1949–52, graduating top of his year. In 1950 he married Patricia Ryall, a Stanisław FRENKIEL 1918–2001 Painter, dress design student at Wimbledon; although they writer and teacher, born in Cracow, Poland, where separated in 1972 and eventually divorced, they he attended the Academy of Fine Arts, 1937–9. had 12 children, several pursuing artistic careers. During the Nazi occupation he escaped to Lvov, He started teaching at Burslem College of Art, was arrested by the Russians and deported, in 1942 1952, other posts including part-time at Norwich joined the Polish Army in Russia and travelled to School of Art, Yarmouth College of Art and finally the Middle East, moving to London in 1947. His full-time at Lowestoft College. Having worked Beirut Drawings 1944–7 was published in 1986. with a stonemason on church restoration in the Frenkiel was eventually emeritus reader at London 1950s, in the 1960s Frere-Smith’s sculpture University and head of the Institute of Education, developed into abstract and geometric forms using 1973–83. He was a member of LG and the metal and wire. In 1959, he started making Association of Polish Artists in Great Britain and drawings based on impossible geometry “as part RWA. His colourful figurative paintings were of research into the creation of lightweight, mobile, shown in Britain and continental Europe, and he airborne, multi-dimensional expressive forms.” was included in City Art Centre, Edinburgh, 1993 Worked with the architect Ernö Goldfinger on the show Polish Roots – British Soil. His solo 1960s Elephant and Castle redevelopment. He won exhibitions included Grabowski Gallery from an international sculpture competition in Milan, 1960; Tamara Pfeiffer Gallery, Brussels, from Italy, 1974. Latterly, after ill-health had hindered 1973; Newman Galleries, Philadelphia, from 1976; hand-eye co-ordination, Frere-Smith’s work a Polish retrospective tour, 1981–3; and became more figurative and he turned to ceramics retrospectives at Bloomsbury Gallery, London and mosaics. Transcendental meditation, University, 1983–7. That university, the University mysticism and the cultures and beliefs of primitive of Pennsylvania and several Polish collections, societies were important to him. He showed including University of Toruń, hold his internationally, solo exhibitions including King’s work. Lived in London, where Frenkiel attended Lynn Festival, 1962; Drian Galleries, from 1965; an exhibition at POSK Gallery days before his Maddermarket Theatre, Norwich, 1987; Burnham death. There was a small retrospective at RWA, Overy, 1997; and a retrospective at Buckenham 2003. Galleries, Southwold, 2003. Frere-Smith completed sculptures for many public buildings, M Hanbury FRERE 1866–1956 Watercolour and pastel artist, born at Horham, Suffolk. Studied at churches and shopping centres and has work in the Wimbledon with Leonard Pocock and Alfred Sainsbury Centre at University of East Anglia. He Drury, then exhibited in London and in East Anglia. lived in Briston, Norfolk. HM Queen Mary bought her work. Lived in Annabel FREUD 1952– She was the youngest Norwich. daughter of the painters Lucian Freud and Kitty Garman and with her sister Annie spent a number Matthew FRERE-SMITH 1923–1999 Sculptor in various materials and teacher, son of barrister of her early years at their grandfather Jacob Percival Frere-Smith, born in London, whose initial Epstein’s house. His sculptures and magnificent education at a small Quaker school excited an collection of African carvings made a strong interest in painting and drawing. After Sutton impression and from childhood Annabel 98

demonstrated a precocious talent for the visual arts. featuring the sculptor Alexandra Williams-Wynn. After studying English at university, she achieved Tate Gallery, Arts Council and other major a diploma from Kensington School of Art and collections hold his work. Freud was granted the studied printmaking at Camberwell School of Art. Order of Merit in 1993. Until 1953 he was married Annabel’s work employed diverse techniques and to the painter Kitty Garman, their daughters styles. Like that of her mother, it often had personal Annabel and Annie Freud also being artists. and familial origins, as in her double portrait of herself and Lucian in his studio at Glen Artney. Jacqueline FREWING 1937– Sculptor in a variety of Her pictures were included in Kitty Garman and materials, painter in oil mainly of portraits and teacher, born in West Wickham, Kent. She studied Co at New Art Gallery Walsall, in 2003–4. at St Martin’s School of Art, 1955–8, with Vivian Lucian FREUD 1922– Painter and teacher, born in Pitchforth, Frederick Gore, Anthony Caro and Berlin, son of Ernst Freud, architect, and grandson Elisabeth Frink. After a short period as a freelance of the analyst Sigmund Freud. Arrived in England illustrator, Frewing was involved in advertising, in 1932 and became British subject seven years 1960–5, then had family commitments for almost later. During the next few years studied at Central 20 years; from 1985 returned to Brighton School of Art, East Anglian School of Painting and University to retrain, diversifying into oil painting, Drawing and Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, sculpture and teaching, teachers including Helen having first one-man show in 1944 at Lefevre Collis and Robert Ellis. As a sculptor Frewing said Gallery. In 1946–8 visited France and Greece and that her “working approach is to build with clay, in 1951 won Arts Council Prize at Festival of rather than to scrape away, which accounts for the Britain Exhibition. Three years later a group of his textured surface typical of my work”. Was a works was shown at British Pavilion at Venice member of the Society of Sussex Sculptors and Biennale. Taught at Norwich School of Art and Three Counties Sculpture Society. Showed widely Slade School of Fine Art. A series of solo shows in Sussex and at Westminster Gallery, SWA. Had in 1970s at Anthony d’Offay Gallery and a one- a solo show at Kilvert Gallery, East Grinstead. man exhibition at Davis & Long Company, in New Lived in Copthorne, West Sussex. York, consolidated Freud’s position as a leading British realist painter, notable for his almost David FRIED 1958– Artist who worked in a wide clinically raw portraits and nude studies. There range of media, including three-dimensional, born was a retrospective at Hayward Gallery in 1988 and based in London. He did a foundation course and in 1993 a major show at Whitechapel Art at East Ham Technical College, 1975–6; gained Gallery was toured to Metropolitan Museum, New an honours degree in fine art at Middlesex York, and Reina Sofia, Madrid. Several critics Polytechnic, 1976–9; obtained a master’s in termed Freud Britain’s greatest living painter. Tate painting, Royal College of Art, 1980–3; then Britain’s 2002–3 retrospective spanned more than studied for a postgraduate diploma in art therapy 60 years of Freud’s output. Timothy Taylor at Hertfordshire College of Art, 1990–1. Notable Gallery’s 2003 show covered 1940 drawings, then teachers included the sculptor Paul Neagu and the Lucian Freud: Etchings 1946–2004 was at the painter John Loker. From 1992 was a member of Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, the British Association of Art Therapists, from Edinburgh, there was an exhibition of recent 1993 the Japanese Vintage Motorcycle Club. paintings at the Wallace Collection and Acquarella, Illustrated many German publications, notably New York, organised a show. In 2005 there was a books by Erich Fried and Geoffrey Trease, and survey show of his etchings at Marlborough Fine was included in Peter Marcan’s 1992 publications Art and a major retrospective at Correr Museum An East London Album and A Bermondsey and in Venice during the Biennale, including work Rotherhithe Album. Fried tended to show at publicly funded venues and public spaces 99

temporarily converted for exhibitions rather than London. commercial galleries, and had no dealer.

Artist mainly in oil paint, born in Berlin, Germany. He arrived in England in 1939, Australia in 1940, and studied painting as an ex-service student at East Sydney Technical College, 1947–50, returning to London in 1950, settling in Blackheath. Friedeberger won the Mosman Art Prize, 1949, the Europe Prize, Ostende, 1964 gold medal. An important series of Friedeberger’s pictures was about children. From the 1970s his paintings were not about something outside themselves. “I want them to have a presence with a convincing reality of their own.” As well as many group shows in Europe and Australia from 1944 Friedeberger had solo exhibitions at Hamilton Galleries and New Gallery, Belfast, 1963; Warwick Arts Trust, 1986; Eva Jekel Gallery 202, 1990; and a retrospective at Woodlands Art Gallery, 1992. Klaus FRIEDEBERGER 1922–

Arthur FRIEDENSON 1872–1955 Painter of landscapes and coastal scenes, born in Leeds, Yorkshire. After apprenticeship to a sign painter, from late-1880s he studied at Académie Julian, Paris, and at Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts, in Antwerp. Worked in Netherlands, where he was influenced by local landscape painters. From about 1910 he worked at various locations in Dorset, dying at Parkstone after prolonged ill-health. Friedenson showed prolifically at RA, Fine Art Society, Goupil Gallery and elsewhere, and Tate Gallery holds his work. Alexander FRIEDMAN 1972– Painter and printmaker

who graduated with honours from the University of the West of England, 1992–5, gaining his postgraduate diploma in fine art from the Royal Academy Schools, 1995–8, appearing in the final year show there. Friedman won a Vincent Harris Mural Prize, 1996, and in 1997 a Minigowa Scholarship to Japan and Landseer Scholarship. Exhibitions included Making a Mark, Mall Galleries, 1996; Premiums, RA, 1997; and National Print Show, Mall Galleries, and RA Summer Exhibition, both 1998. He lived in east

Donald FRIEND 1915–1989 Versatile artist and writer,

born in Cremorne, Sydney, Australia, as Donald Moses, son of a grazier Leslie Moses, who adopted his mother’s surname around 1920. Donald claimed paternal descent from Oscar Wilde’s foe the Marquis of Queensberry, through the maternal line from John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, reputed author of the Restoration farce Sodom, of which Friend in 1980 produced an illustrated edition; this aristocratic pedigree determined many of his adult attitudes. While still at school he began art lessons with Sydney Long, leaving home after his father opposed an artistic career, in 1934 joining Anthony Dattilo Rubbo’s classes. Friend moved to England in 1936, studying at Westminster Art School under Mark Gertler and Bernard Meninsky, experiencing bohemian penury, homosexual adventures and designing costumes for Sadler’s Wells Ballet. He shared his first group show with Augustus John, Walter Sickert, Stanley Spencer and Tiepolo at R E A Wilson’s Gallery and helped paint a mural for the Australian Wool Corporation at the British Empire Exhibition, Glasgow, both in 1937, having his first solo show at Wilson’s, 1938. In 1942, after extensive travels, back in Sydney he had a first Australian one-man exhibition at Macquarie Galleries; had a work acquired by the National Gallery of New South Wales; joined the Army; and developed a strong friendship with Russell Drysdale. In 1945, Friend was commissioned as an Official War Artist, accompanying an invasion force into Borneo. After demobilisation in 1946 he resumed a busy exhibiting career. Friend returned to Europe and London in 1949, in 1950 having a successful drawings show at the Redfern Gallery. Several visits to England followed, part of extensive foreign travels, especially to Bali, Indonesia, among his English showings being a solo exhibition at Heffer Gallery, Cambridge, 1953, and inclusion in Recent Australian Painting, Whitechapel Gallery, 1961. Illness plagued his final years. Friend was a prolific writer, whose diaries are held by the National Library of Australia. He died at Woollahra, New

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South Wales. The Art Gallery of New South Wales, printmaker and teacher, born Thurlow, Suffolk. which holds Drysdale’s portrait of the artist, gave Studied at Guildford School of Art, 1947–9, and Chelsea School of Art, 1949–53, under Willi him a retrospective in 1990. Soukop and Bernard Meadows. She taught at Ian FRIEND 1951– Sculptor, born in Eastbourne, Chelsea School of Art, 1951–61, St Martin’s School Sussex. He studied at Exeter College of Art, 1969– of Art, 1954–62, and at Royal College of Art, 1965– 70, Birmingham College of Art, 1970–3, and Slade 7. After early exhibiting with LG, Frink had a oneSchool of Fine Art, 1973–5. In latter year gained man show at St George’s Gallery in 1955 and four Boise Travelling Fellowship. Group exhibitions years later at Bertha Schaefer Gallery, New York. included Third British International Drawing Over the years she established herself as a sculptor Biennale, Dorman Museum, Cleveland, 1977; concerned with themes, such as goggle men, House Gallery, 1979; and Serpentine Summer running men and horses with and without riders. Show 1, 1980. Also had a solo exhibition at House She worked on many major public commissions, Gallery, 1978. Lived in London. such as Wild Boar for Harlow New Town; Blind Beggar and Dog, at Bethnal Green; and a noble Ian FRIERS 1910–1975 Sculptor who was by profession a civil servant, brother of the artist horse and rider, Piccadilly, London. The predatory Rowel Friers. After initial education at the Model and the vulnerable are both important aspects of School and College of Technology in Belfast, Frink’s work. She was elected RA in 1977 and five where he was born, Friers was a self-taught artist years later became Dame Elisabeth Frink. Made a who held senior positions in the RUA. He exhibited Companion of Honour, 1992. Exhibited there, RHA and in Bradford, CEMA in Northern extensively internationally, with work in major Ireland buying his work. Lived in Dundonald, collections including Tate Gallery and Arts Council. While fighting cancer Frink struggled to County Down. complete her last commission, a monumental but Rowel FRIERS 1920–1998 Painter, cartoonist, book unusual figure of Christ for the front of the Anglican illustrator, stage designer and muralist, born in cathedral in Liverpool, unveiled a week before her Belfast, Northern Ireland, brother of the artist Ian death in Woolland, Dorset. There was a memorial Friers. He attended Belfast College of Art on a show at Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Bretton Hall, scholarship, having trained in lithography with S 1994, an extensive survey of work, 1963–89, at C Allen, Belfast. Most Irish newspapers went on Jerwood Sculpture Park, Great Witley, 2000, and to use Friers’ work, plus periodicals such as Radio a show at Djanogly Art Gallery, Nottingham, 2001. Times and Dublin Opinion. He was noted for his Frink’s son was the painter Lin Jammet. amusing caricatures of notabilities, such as the politicians Enoch Powell and Ian Paisley, in the Paul FRIPP 1890–1945 Painter, draughtsman, National Portrait Gallery. Ulster Museum and Art photographer and teacher, born in Mansfield, Gallery and Arts Council of Northern Ireland also Nottinghamshire, into a family which on both sides hold his work. He was a member of RUA and Ulster included artists. He attended Bristol and Leicester Watercolour Society. Friers was granted an Schools of Art, then in 1909 won the Bennet honorary master’s degree by the Open University Scholarship and a free studentship to the Royal for contributions to art. He showed with CEMA, College of Art; returned to Leicester for two years RHA, Arts Council of Northern Ireland and in the to train for his painting diploma; and postponed American tour of Contemporary Ulster Artists. His return to the Royal College when World War I books included Wholly Friers and The Revolting began. He was commissioned in the Army and served in Gallipoli, Egypt and Palestine, was Irish. Lived in Holywood, County Down. mentioned in dispatches and was twice wounded. Elisabeth FRINK 1930–1993 Sculptor, draughtsman, With a miniature camera in his tobacco pouch he 101

took hundreds of films (in 1931 Fripp was elected a fellow of the Royal Photographic Society and he won several medals). Returned to Royal College in 1919, graduating in 1921. Taught at Cheltenham Ladies’ College, becoming a member of Cheltenham Camera Club and then its president and showing with Cheltenham Group of Artists, 1921–32. Also showed at RA and NEAC. After heading the Art Schools at Bideford and Bath Fripp was appointed principal at Carmarthen, where he died. He was a big, humorous, enthusiastic man, always preoccupied by some invention or idea. Fripp was celebrated with a show at Cheltenham Museum and Art Gallery, 1986. Carmarthen Museum holds examples. Painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in London. He studied at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, where he later taught, and at St Martin’s School of Art. His teachers included Victor Pasmore and R V Pitchforth. Frith also taught at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art. Exhibited RA, Wildenstein and Redfern Galleries and elsewhere. Did lithographic work for the catering firm J Lyons & Co and had work bought by Contemporary Art Society. Lived in London. Clifford FRITH 1924–

Edgar Silver FRITH 1890–1974 Sculptor and teacher,

Exhibited at Smiths Galleries, the Illustrators’ Gallery and National Portrait Gallery and in 1993 had a solo show at John Adams Fine Art Ltd with Canon Gallery of restaurant watercolours done while illustrating the Craig Brown Table Talk column in the Sunday Times. In 2000, Frith’s Pallant House, Chichester, show East Head, West Wittering provided a visual record of a disappearing coastline near where he lived at Earnley, Sussex. His Marine Watercolours were exhibited at Canon Gallery, Petworth, 2003. Lucy FROBISHER: see Marguerite FROBISHER

Painter and teacher, born Lucy Marguerite Frobisher in Leeds, Yorkshire. She studied at the Kemp-Welch School of Painting from about 1911, and like her teacher specialised in animal subjects. Between 1916–21 Frobisher returned to Leeds, then went back to Bushey, lived with Kemp-Welch and became secretary of her school. Two years after it was closed, in 1928 Frobisher opened her own, as The Frobisher School of Art. Although she continued to teach until her death, from the early 1940s until Kemp-Welch died in 1958 Frobisher again lived with her as friend and companion. Kemp-Welch left Frobisher her property and pictures and for some years from 1967 a Lucy Kemp-Welch Memorial Art Gallery existed, until the pictures had to be put into store. Frobisher exhibited widely, including RCamA and SWA both of which she was a member, also RBSA, Paris Salon, RSA and other venues. Bushey Museum has shown her work. Marguerite FROBISHER 1891–1974

born and lived in London, son of the sculptor William Silver Frith. Studied at Kennington and Lambeth Schools of Art and Royal Academy Schools and went on to become head of the sculpture section at City and Guilds of London Institute, Kennington and Lambeth Art School. Joined Art Workers’ Guild in 1923 and was made an associate of RBS in 1932. Showed at RA, Fanchon FRÖHLICH fl. from 1960s– Printmaker, philosopher and painter, born in Iowa, America, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and elsewhere. as Fanchon Angst. She studied philosophy at Michael FRITH 1951– Painter and illustrator, born University of Chicago, continuing her studies with in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, who studied Rudolph Carnap and doing postgraduate work in graphic arts at Canterbury College of Art. Among Oxford with Sir Peter Strawson. A section of her his many illustrative jobs was sketching the trial thesis on The Logical Qualities of Material Objects of the politician Jeremy Thorpe at the Old Bailey was published in Mind. Married the theoretical and, for Independent Television News, that of the physicist Herbert Fröhlich. Began painting under Yorkshire Ripper murderer, Peter Sutcliffe. He also her married name, studying at Liverpool College painted the portrait of the publisher Robert of Art under a postgraduate scholarship; with Peter Maxwell for the National Portrait Gallery. Lanyon in Cornwall; Japanese ink painting with 102

Goto San in Kyoto; and etching with S W Hayter, of Atelier 17, in Paris. Hayter’s ideas were important to Fröhlich, who wrote papers for conferences and contributed to books on such subjects as aesthetics and the relation of physics to biology. Formed a group of artists known as Collective Phenomena in Liverpool, where she lived, in 1990. In the group, “two or more painters intertwine their strokes and areas of colour on the same canvas according to visual counterpoint.” Exhibited at Picton Library, Liverpool, in 1992, and in Paris in 1994 “where several people painted before the audience accompanied by music by a composer improvising according to our movements” and had work exhibited. Exhibited her own work in Atelier 17 shows internationally, also in Japan and at Liverpool Academy. Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, and Bowes Museum, Newcastle, hold Fröhlich’s work.

revitalised the arts in the city after World War II. She showed with the New Scottish Group and designed the costumes and set for the ballet The Harvesters, put on in 1961, dance in Scotland having been given new life with Margaret Morris’ Celtic Ballet Club, the Celtic Ballet of Scotland and the resulting Scottish National Ballet. Frood had a number of solo shows in Lanarkshire and Glasgow, latterly her work was exhibited in America and Japan and in 1989 Cyril Gerber Fine Art, Glasgow, held a show linking her with the New Scottish Group. Landscape painter, born in Denmark, who spent her adult life in England. She began to paint in 1960 and gained her master’s degree in art therapy. The coasts of Denmark and Suffolk and landscape of the Lot Valley, in France, were Froom’s inspiration. She was included in a three-artist exhibition at The Halesworth Gallery, Halesworth, in 1999.

Michala FROOM 1925–

Hester FROOD 1882–1971 Painter, draughtsman and printmaker, notably of architectural subjects, born in New Zealand. She was educated at Exeter High School and studied art in the city and at Atelier Colarossi, Paris, for six months. In 1906 on a visit to Scotland she met the artist David Young Cameron who said that he would teach her to etch. She early on showed at RA and RSA with success and had a first solo show at Colnaghi’s in 1925, followed by another at Dunthorne’s in 1927. Towards the end of World War II Frood had the first of two shows in Glasgow, and in 1946–9 final exhibitions with Colnaghi’s. By then she was long settled in Topsham, Devon. Fry Gallery put on a show of her work in 1990. British Museum, Victoria & Albert Museum and Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art hold examples.

Gloucestershire, who lived and worked in Glasgow. He studied at the School of Art there, 2000–4. Frost’s atmospheric Et Nunc et Semper, of 2004, and The Fallen, of 2005, were included in the exhibition The Valley at Bloomberg SPACE, in 2005. Of his work, the catalogue said: “Frost’s landscapes typically have a low horizon line, with the features looming over us. They give the impression that the viewer is standing at the bottom of a hill or in a valley, looking up at the land rising away from them. The world they portray is decrepit, abandoned, forlorn.” Frost’s other shows included Voodoo Shit, Hales Gallery, and New Generation, Compass Gallery, Glasgow, both 2004.

teacher, born in Motherwell, Lanarkshire. She studied at Glasgow School of Art and taught at Bellshill Academy. Early on she showed with RSA and RSW and with the arrival of the painter J D Fergusson and his dancer wife Margaret Morris from France in 1939, and the influx of foreign painters such as Josef Herman and Jankel Adler, Frood became part of a movement which

in Bedford. Andrew Frost studied at Lanchester Polytechnic, Coventry and Reading University. In 1979–80 Frost was in Rotterdam on a Royal Netherlands Scholarship, then in 1982 visited America on a Boise Travel Scholarship. He then became Henry Moore Foundation Fellow in Sculpture at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts. His sculptures utilised a range of materials, from

Millie FROOD 1900–1988 Painter, draughtsman and

Alistair FROST 1981– Painter, born in Cheltenham,

Andy FROST 1957– Sculptor and draughtsman, born

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wood and steel to plastic and fibreglass. Although they had titles such as Batmobile (1983, Arts Council collection) and El Cid Chancing his Arm and could be entertaining and amusing, Frost’s creations were often quite frightening and dynamic depictions of energy and power. He showed in a number of British galleries, was included in New Contemporaries at ICA, was in the 1983 Whitechapel Open Exhibition and in the Welsh Sculpture Trust’s Margam event Sculpture in a Country Park in the same year.

Anthony FROST 1951– Painter in acrylic and teacher,

born in St Ives, Cornwall. His family moved to Banbury when he was young and he went to the Art School there, 1967–70, then Cardiff College of Art, 1970–3. Returned to live in Cornwall in 1974, at Morvah, with a studio in Penzance. He commonly worked to a background of Rock music and designed an album cover and backdrop in 1990 for the world tour of a favourite group, The Fall. Frost was much in demand as a teacher of colour to children. He said he wanted his own pictures “not to be influenced. I want them to be colour and shape. I don’t want people to see things in them … It’s like creating your own language.” Took part in many mixed exhibitions, solo shows including Newlyn Art Gallery, 1979, later ones Gordon Hepworth Gallery, Newton St Cyres, and Royal Cornwall Museum Galleries, Truro, both 1991. Contemporary Art Society, Nuffield Trust and John Moores hold examples. His father was the artist Terry Frost. C J Fenton FROST: see Cyril James FROST

Portrait painter and printmaker, born in Croydon, Surrey, who studied at the School of Art there under Francis Jackson. Exhibited RA, RP, UA and RBA, sometimes signing his work C J Fenton Frost. Lived at Banbury, Oxfordshire. Cyril James FROST 1885–

Portrait painter in oil and pastel. Born in London, Frost studied art at St Martin’s School of Art and Putney School of Art. Exhibited RP. He illustrated Ernest Savage’s book

Dennis FROST 1925–

Painting in Pastel and Joe Singer’s Figures in Pastel and it is in this medium that many think Frost’s best work was done. Lived at Eastergate, near Chichester, Sussex.

Painter of detailed landscapes which can have a surreal element, born in Auckland, New Zealand, who did a foundation course at Central St Martins School of Art, 1989– 90, graduating with honours from London Guildhall University, 1992–7. Mixed shows included Art Aid, Cornhill, 1995, and Whitechapel Open, Whitechapel Gallery, from 1996. Had solo shows with Ellipse Gallery, Brussels, Belgium, 1997, and Jill George Gallery, 2001 and 2003. The Saatchi Collection holds her work.

Jill FROST 1964–

Painter, craftsman, jeweller and teacher, born in London. She was educated partly in England at Roedean School, partly in South Africa and attended Worthing and Wimbledon Schools of Art and the Royal College of Art, 1957–60. Went on to teach at Birmingham Polytechnic. Showed at London Design Centre, elsewhere in Britain and on the continent and in America.

Shirley Jane FROST 1935–

Sculptor, born in Bath, Somerset, using a variety of materials, whose output was characterised by an interest in natural objects, their place within an environment and their relationship to culture, myth and history. Frost drew inspiration from wide travels, including the Central Americas and Scandinavia, where he was based in Bergen, Norway. Frost attended Bristol Polytechnic, 1979–80; gained a fine art honours degree from Wolverhampton Polytechnic, 1980– 3; and obtained his master’s in sculpture from the Royal College of Art, 1983–6. From 1984 held many residencies, later ones including Dumfries and Galloway, 1997. Group shows included Mikkeli Taide Museo, Finland, 1988; Nordnorsk Samtidskunst, Norway, 1991–6; and Høstutstillingen, Oslo, 1994–6. Had a solo exhibition at Oulu Taide Museo, Finland, 1988, later ones including Victoria Art Gallery, Bath, 1997. Several Norwegian collections, including

Stuart FROST 1960–

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its Arts Council, hold examples.

Painter, printmaker and teacher, born in Leamington Spa, Warwickshire. Did a variety of jobs after leaving school, then served in the Army and was held as a prisoner of war. Imprisoned in Bavaria he met the painter Adrian Heath who encouraged Frost to paint in oil. After the war Frost studied in the evenings at Birmingham College of Art, then at St Ives School of Painting and at Camberwell School of Art in the late 1940s. Frost later went on to teach at a number of art schools, including periods at Reading and Newcastle Universities and at Banff Summer School, Canada. Frost began abstract painting in 1949, shortly before returning to St Ives where he worked, 1950–2, as assistant to the sculptor Barbara Hepworth. Frost is notable for his use of primary colours and of shapes reflecting Cornish marine life, its bobbing boats and heaving water. Completed much work in paint and collage, which has a spare, taut quality. He exhibited widely internationally and in England, notably at Redfern Gallery, New Art Centre, Austin/Desmond Fine Art, and Belgrave Gallery, with a retrospective at RA, 2000. Tate St Ives and Belgrave Gallery both gave Frost shows in 2003, Belgrave Gallery St Ives showing works on paper from the artist’s studio in 2004 and 50 Years of Prints in 2006. Frost, whose son was the artist Anthony Frost, was elected RA in 1992 and was knighted in 1998. Tate Gallery holds his work. Had a studio at Newlyn, Cornwall. Terry FROST 1915–2003

Winifred FROST: see Wyn BORGER

Sculptor, whose output included installations and performance pieces, and teacher, born in Hengistbury Head, Dorset. Direct contact with the public was important to Froud when creating works, which included materials such as plastic waste pipes and computer printouts. Froud studied at Bournemouth and Poole College of Art, 1975–6; Brighton Polytechnic, 1976–9; and Royal College of Art, 1979–82 (he later taught there part-time). In 1982–3 he worked and travelled in South America. Awards included Cox Award; Royal College Award to work in Carrara, Italy; Jonathan FROUD 1958–

British Council Royal Wedding Award; Royal College Major Travelling Scholarship; a Henry Moore Foundation Award; Greater London Arts Association Award; and Chelsea Arts Club/Guinness Award for Most Promising Young Sculptor. In 1984–5, Froud was Fourth Merseyside Artist in Residence at the Bridewell Studios and Walker Art Gallery, having a solo show at the Walker in 1985. Other exhibitions included New Contemporaries, ICA, 1979 (where he was a prize winner); Quarries, Camden Arts Centre, 1983; and Drawings, Chelsea School of Art, 1985.

Martin FROY 1926– Painter, mural artist and teacher,

born in London. After studying history at Cambridge University and service in the Royal Air Force, Froy was at Slade School of Fine Art, 1949– 51, being Gregory Fellow in Painting at University of Leeds, 1951–4. From 1953–8 Froy was artistconsultant to Coventry’s city architect. He also designed murals for the Belgrade Theatre there. From 1953–5 Froy taught engraving at Slade School of Fine Art; taught at Bath Academy of Art, 1954–65; was head of painting at Chelsea School of Art, 1966–72; being professor of fine art at University of Reading, 1972–91, then emeritus. Froy had a solo show at Leicester Galleries in 1961, others following at University of Sussex, Arnolfini Gallery in Bristol, Park Square Gallery in Leeds, and Reading University in 1979. His paintings, constructions and drawings, 1968–82, were shown at Serpentine Gallery, 1983. Arts Council holds several examples of his work. Painter and teacher, born in Theydon Bois, Essex. Studied under Maurice Feild at the Downs School, Colwall, and attended Bryanston, where he continued to paint. Was at Edinburgh College of Art, 1946–7, then Camberwell School of Art, 1948–50, and was Rome Prize winner 1950. Having been taught by Victor Pasmore and Claude Rogers at Camberwell, Fry was a natural participant in the 1948 Wakefield City Art Gallery Euston Road Group show. He became member of teaching staff at Bath Academy of Art in 1954, joining Camberwell two years later. Had first one-man show at St George’s Gallery in Anthony FRY 1927–

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1954 and in New York at Durlacher Bros in 1961, later ones including Browse & Darby Gallery, 1999 and 2002. Also showed at LG of which he was a member, ICA, RWA and elsewhere. Arts Council and Tate Gallery bought his work. Lived in Box, Wiltshire.

Gladys Windsor FRY 1890– Artist in various media and teacher, married to the painter Windsor Fry. She met him in 1906 when he was teaching and she was a student at Hammersmith School of Art, marrying him 16 years later. She also studied with the Horsham-based artist Florence Davey and with G H Catt, in Chichester. Fry was a King’s Prize winner for design and gained City and Guilds embroidery honours. Her publications included Working Drawings for Embroidery and Embroidery and Needlework. Showed at RBA, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, at the Festival of Britain in 1951 and in the provinces. Lived for many years at Hove, Sussex, later in Brighton.

James FRY 1911–1985 Artist in watercolour, pastel and oil, photographer and designer, born in London, who studied at Watford School of Art under Arthur Scott. During World War II Fry was a committed conscientious objector who worked in forestry alongside German and Italian prisoners. Fry was employed as a colour retoucher on the magazine Picture Post and designed neck-ties for Liberty. In 1954, disenchanted with commercial life in London, he moved to Corfe Castle, in Dorset, where he set up his studio. Fry was with his wife Ivy a committed environmentalist, teetotal, living frugally eating a vegetarian diet, who shunned television, the telephone and newspapers and never learned to drive. He cycled around the county carrying a camera loaded with colour transparency film, which he would later project to complete a painting on canvas. Friends called Fry “the last of the English Impressionists”, because of his fascination with the play of sunshine and reflections on water. When they complained that he charged too little for his pictures, he replied: “I charge what I think is right. I couldn’t live with myself if I charged more.” When Ivy died seven years after him, a collection of nearly 7,400 slides taken in

and around the Purbecks was found, 295 being donated to The Dorset County Museum by a family member. It holds several of his paintings and in 1999 included him in the published series Dorset Worthies.

Lawrence FRY 1948– Artist, composer and musician,

born in London, who lived in Wales from 1967. He studied biochemistry and African history at University College of North Wales, Bangor. Fry began painting in oil in the late 1960s, inspired by the abstracts and landscapes of L S Bangdel, from 1990 working mainly in pastel and watercolour. He said that his paintings paid “close attention to visual detail in order to explore the emotional impact of significant places, objects and memories.” Exhibitions included a one-man, Gardens, Ferns and Waterfalls, at Taliesin Arts Centre, University of Wales Swansea, 2001.

Arts administrator and artist, born in London, full name Arthur Malcolm Fry, son of a bricklayer who became a clerk of works. After Latymer Upper School, Hammersmith, in Bournemouth – where the family had moved Fry worked for an estate agent, attending spare-time classes at Bournemouth College of Art, teachers including Leslie Ward; worked as an engineering draughtsman for the Post Office until World War II; was sent to France as a member of the supplementary reserve of officers, at Dunkirk being taken prisoner-of-war in Germany, where he painted scenery for theatricals; and retired as a major two years after hostilities, having been an art instructor. After briefly being director of the Central Institute for Art and Design, he was for three years registrar of the RI, then for 26 years secretary of the RWS, simultaneously secretary of the RE, Imperial Arts League, London Salon of Photography, SM and the SPS, which he helped to found. Fry oversaw the move of the RWS and RE to the South Bank, inaugurated 1980, three years after he was made a member of RWS and prior to his retirement in 1983. He then concentrated on his own watercolours, mainly of English and French landscapes. Fry showed in the main London galleries, in the provinces and abroad

Malcolm FRY 1909–2000

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and had a series of one-man exhibitions. Bournemouth Corporation holds his work. Died in Orpington, Kent.

Painter who grew up in England and Italy, studying under Prima Conti at the Accademia delle Belle Arti, Florence, in the 1970s. He then collaborated with other artists and musicians in Italy and travelled extensively in Europe and West Africa. From 1990 he had a studio near Dieppe, France. Fry’s work was shown in nine group and three solo exhibitions, in 1993, 1995 and 1998, at Christopher Hull Gallery, with a oneman at The Charleston Gallery, near Firle, in 1996. In 2001 and 2003 Archeus Fine Art gave him solo exhibitions of abstract work. Mark FRY 1952–

the Royal Fusiliers, 1914–19, and was renowned for his physical fitness and brilliance as a swordfighter. Fry was a prolific exhibitor, showing many times with RBA of which he was a member, RA, RHA, RI, ROI and elsewhere. Liverpool Corporation bought his picture Youth and Age. Lived in London.

Painter, wood engraver and teacher, born in Leeds, Yorkshire, where she studied at the College of Art, 1926–31. Went on to teach at Bath School of Art for a period, living in Bath, Somerset. She exhibited Redfern Gallery and in north of England galleries, Wakefield and Harrogate Art Galleries buying her work. Ninetieth birthday exhibition, One Point of View, RBSA, 2000, coincided with the publication Maxwell FRY 1899–1987 Architect, teacher, painter of Before the war…and long ago, Fryer’s and collector, born in Wallasey, Cheshire, full name reminiscences and prints. Later lived at Harborne, Edwin Maxwell Fry, educated at the Liverpool Birmingham. Institute and Liverpool University School of Architecture, graduating in 1923. With several Stan FRYER 1906– Painter and draughtsman, born other forward-looking architects in 1931 he and lived in Manchester, who studied at the local established the Modern Architectural Research School of Art, in Italy and Africa. He did a (MARS) group, which was influential in Britain considerable amount of illustrative work for and abroad. In 1943 with his second wife Jane national and provincial press. Showed at RI, Drew he was appointed town planning adviser in RCamA, with Army Art Society, UA and widely West Africa and in 1951 he went to India as senior in the provinces. architect with Le Corbusier for Chandigarh, the new capital city of Punjab. Fry’s books included Wilfred Moody FRYER 1891–1967 Painter, Autobiographical Sketches and Art in the Machine commercial draughtsman and teacher, born in Age. In his later years he became the RA’s professor London. Studied at Bradford School of Art. of architecture and turned to painting. He had been Exhibited RA, RBA, RI and widely in the elected a fellow of RIBA in 1930, winning its Gold provinces. Was a member of Croydon Art Society; Medal in 1964. Fry was elected RA in 1972 and Langham Sketch Club, of which for a time he was showed with Drian and Fieldborne Galleries. He chairman; and the Wapping Group of Artists, of was a noted patron of young artists. Lived finally which he was president. Lived at Addiscombe, Surrey. at Cotherstone, County Durham. Painter and teacher, full name Harry Windsor Fry, born in Torquay, Devon, married to the artist Gladys Windsor Fry, whom he met while he was teaching at Hammersmith School of Art. He was educated privately in Torquay, studying at St John’s Wood School of Art and Royal Academy Schools, where he was a medal winner. During World War I he served with

Windsor FRY 1862–1947

Katherine Mary FRYER 1910–

Akiko FUJIKAWA 1948– Printmaker, born in Kyoto,

Japan, married to the artist Geoffrey Earle Wickham. She gained her bachelor’s degree at Kohka College, Kyoto, 1970, then studied traditional Japanese woodblock printing, moku hanga, at Asahi School of Art, 1977–81, with Takeji Asano. From 1980 showed with Shinanokai Group in Kyoto, in 1985 taking further courses with

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Japanese masters. In 1986 set up Chapel Studio, Burnham-on-Crouch, Essex, with Wickham. Took part in open exhibitions at Beecroft Gallery, Southend-on-Sea, from 1990. Solo shows included Mildmay House, Burnham, 1993. British Museum holds her work.

solo show at Woodstock Gallery in 1958; Gallery One, 1961; Marlborough New London Gallery, 1964; Park Square Gallery, Leeds, 1972; there was a major retrospective at Serpentine Gallery, 1974; a selective one at Yorkshire Sculpture Park, 1997; another key show at Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, 1998. Arts Council, West Riding Education Raf FULCHER 1948– Sculptor and teacher, born in Authority, Ferens Art Gallery in Hull and Essex, who studied at University of Newcastle Australian and American collections hold upon Tyne, 1966–72. Went on to teach at examples. Lived in London. Sunderland Polytechnic, settling at Ramshaw, Bishop Auckland, County Durham. Fulcher James FULLARTON 1946– Painter and lecturer, born worked in a variety of materials and was included in Glasgow, where he studied at the School of Art in the Serpentine Gallery/South Bank Centre’s The under David Donaldson, gaining his diploma in Sculpture Show, 1983, at that time contending that 1969. From that time he painted full-time while British art was “characterised by a peculiar reserve lecturing for Scottish Arts Council. He won the or reticence when dealing with the intensely David Cargill Award, 1976, the Britoil Award, subjective”. His Garden Front, of 1981, was sited 1986. Fullarton used a broad palette, with colour at Jesmond Metro Station, Newcastle. Later works the dominant feature, for portraits, landscape and included The Swirle Pavilion, 1998, at Quayside, still life in oil and acrylic. Showed with RSA and Newcastle. This ambitious construction is both Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. Solo sculpture and architecture: a big gilded orb within exhibitions included Lillie Art Gallery, Milngavie; a spherical metal frame set upon a stone and John D Kelly Gallery and Ewan Mundy Fine Art, concrete pavilion opening towards the River Tyne both Glasgow; Macaulay Gallery, Stenton; new and sited beside the Gateshead Millennium Bridge. paintings at Roger Billcliffe Gallery, Glasgow, 2001; and Thompson’s Gallery, 2004. Lillie Art George FULLARD 1923–1973 Sculptor in metals, Gallery, Robert Fleming Holdings and Royal wood, rubbish and objects from toy shops. Was College of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow, hold also an outstanding draughtsman and teacher. Born examples. Lived in Straiton, Ayrshire. in Sheffield, Yorkshire, the son of a miner, he studied art at the College of Art there, 1938–42. Cynthia Dehn FULLER: see Francyn After war service in the Army, during which he was badly injured at the battle for Cassino, Fullard Dorothy FULLER 1904– Painter and teacher who studied at Royal College of Art, 1945–7 under the was born and lived in Brighton, Sussex, for many sculptors Frank Dobson and Richard Garbe, then years. Her earlier work was signed with her lived in Paris. From 1963 he was in charge of the unmarried name Dorothy Sawyers. She studied at sculpture department at Chelsea School of Art. Brighton College of Art, 1919–26, with Louis Militarism and ships and the sea were leading Ginnett; gained the Turner Gold Medal and British themes in Fullard’s work, which was always an Institutional Scholarship in 1927, then the Edward exploration into unknown possibilities. He said Stott Travelling Scholarship and Gold Medal in that “the artist works towards the miracle of making 1929, while studying at Royal Academy Schools visible that which apparently did not exist.” He under Walter Westley Russell; then travelled showed in John Moores Liverpool Exhibitions abroad, 1929–30. Taught at Worthing College of from 1957; Contemporary British Sculpture, the Art, 1931–42. She was a member of Sussex Arts Council touring show, from 1958; Gimpel- Women’s Art Club and Reynolds Club and showed Hanover Gallery, Zürich, 1963; British Sculpture at RA and public galleries in Brighton and Hove. at Redfern Gallery in 1972, and elsewhere. Had a 108

John FULLER 1954– He attended St Albans School of Art, 1972–3, graduating with honours from Goldsmiths’ College, 1973–6. Mixed exhibitions included Sculpture ’75 ILEA, Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1975; Paul-Louis Weiller Sculpture Competition, Académie des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1976; Contemporary Printmakers’ Council Print Fair, Arnolfini, Bristol, 1988; and East End Open Studios, at Chisenhale Studios, 1989. In 1979, Fuller had a solo show at Hertfordshire College of Art and Design, St Albans.

Leonard John FULLER 1891–1973 Portrait, figure, still life and landscape painter in oil. Fuller studied art at Clapham School of Art and the Royal Academy Schools, then began his notable career as a teacher of painting and drawing at St John’s Wood Art Schools 1922–32. From 1927–37 was assistant art master at Dulwich College, where he had been educated. In 1938 Fuller moved to St Ives, Cornwall, where he founded the St Ives School of Painting, which he ran until he died. Although Fuller was a painter of a traditional kind, he was open to new ideas, advocating a more tolerant approach to modern art in 1953 in St Ives, four years after the founding of the Penwith Society of Arts, of which he was elected chairman. Advanced artists such as Terry Frost and Bob Law were to study with Fuller. Fuller exhibited widely, including RA, RSA, RP and Paris Salon, where in 1927 he gained a silver medal. Newport City Museum and Art Gallery and Plymouth City Museum and Art Gallery hold his work. Lived in St Ives.

Painter and draughtsman, born in Leamington Spa, Warwickshire. He attended Mid-Warwickshire College of Art, 1960– 2, then Hornsey College of Art, 1962–4, in the latter year being awarded a Guggenheim-Mckinley Scholarship, American Workshop, Italy. Fuller’s work was abstract with references to landscape and figurative allusions and was described as having “painterly elegance and wit”. Among Fuller’s group appearances were Richard Demarco Gallery, Edinburgh Festival; Arnolfini Gallery in Bristol; Angela Flowers and Redfern Galleries and

Martin FULLER 1943–

Barbican Centre. After a solo show at Arnolfini in 1968, many others followed including Camden Arts Centre, 1971; RZA Galerie, Düsseldorf, Germany, 1983; with a retrospective at Warwickshire Art Gallery & Museum, Leamington Spa, 2001. In 2003, Two Queer Fellows was a shared exhibition with Edward Burra at Jonathan Clark. Fuller’s prizes included Discerning Eye, Modern Painters Prize, Mall Galleries, 1996, and first prize, Hunting Art Prizes, Royal College of Art and Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, 1997. Bristol City Art Gallery holds his work. Lived in London, but for a time was artist-in-residence in Santa Fe, America.

Versatile artist and teacher, born in Suffolk, originally known as Rosamund Steed. She studied at St Martin’s School of Art and printmaking at the Royal College of Art. Returned to Suffolk in 1972, after living in Bristol and at Sevenoaks, Kent. Fuller ran courses in printmaking at her home in Laxfield and also taught at The Print Workshop, Gainsborough’s House, Sudbury. Exhibited widely in the provinces, solo exhibitions including outdoor sculptures at Gainsborough’s House in 2001. She had begun making these in 1988. Although ephemeral, Fuller liked “to change the landscape briefly and then return it to its original state. The pieces live on in the memory of the viewer and the artist uses them as inspiration for prints and drawings developed in the studio.” She took part in Landscapes & Figures at North House Gallery, Manningtree, in 2004. Moss FULLER 1937–

Overton FULLER fl. c.1940–1960 Painter whose full

name was Violet Overton Fuller. After education in Belgium and Wales she attended Beckenham School of Art, under Percy Hague Jowett, the Central School of Arts and Crafts with Robert Kirkland Jamieson and St Martin’s School of Art. She was especially fond of painting flowers. Her husband was an Indian Army officer, so that she exhibited partly in India, but also widely at RWS, UA, BWS, SWA, PS, WIAC. Figurative painter employing a rich and vibrant palette, born in

Richard Lee FULLER 1944–

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Ashtead, Surrey. He studied at Epsom and Guildford Schools of Art, gaining his master’s in fine art from the Royal College of Art. Fuller painted full-time from the late 1980s, having several successful exhibitions at the Hyde Park Gallery and Claremont Fine Art. In 2002, there was a solo show at Gallery 27. He had then “recently completed a 12-month private commission for a mural depicting scenes from his client’s life, including 64 individual portraits of family and friends.” Lived in Putney, southwest London. Ron FULLER 1936– Maker of witty animated models

and toys, printmaker and teacher, born in Cornwall. He studied fine art at Plymouth, Falmouth and the Royal College of Art, then taught printmaking in Bristol and in London colleges. In 1972, Fuller moved to Laxfield, Sussex and reduced his teaching commitments to concentrate on toys and models, gaining international recognition. He used largely traditional techniques in painted wood and sheet metal and was influenced by folk art. His masterwork was his contribution to The Ride of Life, an extraordinary fairground-style ride made in sections by over 20 artists, commissioned for a shopping centre in Sheffield, but not installed. It was resurrected for Fuller’s solo show at Gainsborough’s House, Sudbury, 1996. Violet FULLER 1920– Artist in watercolour and oil,

Art. He took part in many group shows in Britain and abroad, later ones including Transmission Gallery in Glasgow, Project Space in Athens, Greece, and Gwangju Biennal, Gwangju, South Korea, all 2001; Felixleiter Raum für Kunst, Berlin, Germany, 2002; Collective Gallery in Edinburgh and Bloomberg New Contemporaries, Cornerhouse in Manchester and 14 Wharf Road, London, all 2003; and Wider Than The Sky, Neon Gallery, and Quodlibet, Galerie Daniel Buchholz, Cologne, Germany, both 2004. Fullerton had solo exhibitions at Art in the Square, Glasgow, 2001; Andrew Mummery Gallery and Tramway, Glasgow, both 2002; Generator Projects in Dundee, and Are You Hung Up? at Transmission Gallery and Counter Gallery, all 2003; and Suck on Science, at CCA, Glasgow, and Art Now, Tate Britain, both 2005. Suck on Science, an installation of works incorporating painting, sculpture and film, the Tate explained, explored “the transmission and reception of information. Fullerton’s work, consists of two apparently distinct strands which appear to share little aesthetic common ground: portrait paintings skilfully executed in the tradition of eighteenth-century English painters such as Gainsborough, and more conceptual works that span screenprints and film.” Fullerton lived and worked in Glasgow. Hamish FULTON 1946– Artist, born in London, who

created “art resulting from the experience of individual walks”. Between 1964–9 Fulton studied at Hammersmith College of Art, St Martin’s School of Art and the Royal College of Art. From 1969 he made walks through several continents, adhering to strict, self-imposed programmes, such as “a continuous 106-mile walk without sleep”, featured in Into the Night at Annely Juda Fine Art, 1993. Showed frequently and widely in Britain and abroad, and numerous public collections, including Tate Gallery; Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris; Metropolitan Museum, Tokyo; and The Brooklyn Museum, New York, hold examples. There were solo exhibitions at the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, University of East Anglia, Norwich, 2001; Michael FULLERTON 1971– Artist, born in Bellshill, Strathclyde, who studied at Glasgow School of and Tate Britain, 2002; and Maureen Paley/Interim born in north London, who studied at Hornsey School of Art, 1937–40, with Russell Reeve, then at Stroud School of Art, 1942–4. She “concentrated mainly landscape, the elements and the quality of light” in her work. Fuller, who did graphic work, was a prolific exhibitor. She was a fellow and founder-member of the Free Painters and Sculptors, having solo shows including the Loggia Gallery, Woodstock Gallery and Old Bakehouse Gallery, Sevenoaks. Mixed shows included RA, RBA, RI, and NEAC. London Boroughs of Enfield and Haringey hold her pictures. Lived in Woodingdean, Sussex.

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Art, 2005. That show, entitled To Worcester 8 and a number of studio shows. Arts Council and Miles, covered a walk from Saltwood, near Dover, public galleries in Auckland and Wellington, New to the Stiperstones in Shropshire by the Welsh Zealand, hold examples. border, 320 miles in 14 days in the spring of 1972. Alan FURNEAUX 1953– Musician-turned-painter Gillian FURLONG 1948– Figurative painter, born in whose work included colourful Mediterranean and Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, who attended north African scenes, inspired by the work of Epsom School of Art, 1965–7, then Camberwell Patrick Heron and Terry Frost. Furneaux was born School of Arts and Crafts, 1967–70. She was in London and from 16 did a two-year foundation awarded the David Murray Landscape Prize by course at Reigate School of Art. Then, after 20 RA, 1968, and showed often at its Summer years in a rhythm and blues band, in 1990 he moved Exhibition. Her many other shows included John to the southeast of England where his grandfather Davies, Stow-on-the-Wold, from 1979; Fenny artist George Hann revived Furneaux’s interest in Lodge Gallery, Bletchley, from 1985; John Noott, painting. Furneaux completed a series of pictures Broadway, from 1991; The Discerning Eye, Mall for Royal Caribbean Cruise Line. He showed in Galleries, from 1997; Thompson’s Gallery, from the south of England, venues including The 1999; and 30th Anniversary Exhibition, The Arundel Furniture Company, Arundel; The David Bourne Gallery, Reigate, 2001. Lived in Curzon Gallery; and a studio show, Brighton, Leatherhead, Surrey. Sussex, all 1999. There was a solo exhibition at The City Gallery, 2001. William FURLONG 1944– Artist and teacher, born in Surrey, who attended Guildford School of Arts James FURNEAUX 1935– Watercolourist, printmaker and Crafts, 1960–5, then the Royal Academy and teacher who gained his diploma from Gray’s Schools, 1965–8. Went on to be head of the School of Art in Aberdeen, where he continued to foundation department at Wimbledon School of live, in 1958, the year he won the RSA ChalmersArt. With Michael Archer he ran Audio Arts (see Jervis Prize. Exhibited for many years with RSA, separate entries). Furlong’s solo audio installation SSA and Peacock Printmakers in Aberdeen. Was Sound Garden was staged at Serpentine Gallery, included in Six Members of Staff, Aberdeen 1998, another at South London Gallery, 2002–3. College of Commerce, at Artspace, 1981; 10 NorthLived in London. East Artists, Artspace Aberdeen Edinburgh Festival show and tour, 1981–2; and Scottish Print Open Stephen FURLONGER 1939– Sculptor in all media Three, organised by Dundee Printmakers’ and teacher, born in Hindhead, Surrey. He studied Workshop, 1983. Solo shows included Aberdeen at Christchurch University, New Zealand, and Arts Centre, 1978, and restaurant at Aberdeen Art Royal College of Art under Bernard Meadows. Gallery, 1997. Furlonger was a Gulbenkian Rome Scholar who did part-time teaching at various colleges. Then Paul FURNEAUX 1962– Painter and printmaker, born taught full-time at Lanchester Polytechnic and in Aberdeen. He studied at Edinburgh College of became head of sculpture at Central School of Art Art and won a postgraduate diploma with & Design and Central St Martins College of Art distinction. Furneaux’s pictures are singular, being & Design. Furlonger wrote that most of his work inhabited by mystical figures. The painter won “has involved the use of water as a medium.” many awards. These included the RSA’s Keith Collective exhibitions included Towards Art II; Award for Best Student in 1986; Young Scottish Survey ’68: Abstract Sculpture, at Camden Arts Artist of the Year, sponsored by Miller Homes, Centre, 1968; Jubilee Show of British Sculpture, which provided him with a studio in Paris for a Battersea; and Hayward Annual, 1978. Solo year; and the Sunday Times Scotland Mayfest exhibitions included Galerie Swart, Amsterdam, Award in 1989. After working in Paris he had a 111

solo show at Todd Gallery and at Compass Gallery, Hotel in Penzance, Nina Zborowska, Wills Lane Glasgow, with one of wood block prints at The and many private collections hold works. Firth Gallery, Edinburgh, 2001. Aberdeen Art Gallery is among several public collections holding John FURNIVAL 1933– Artist in pen and ink, mixed media, printmaker and teacher, born in London. his work. He attended Wimbledon College of Art, 1951–5 Bettina FURNEE 1963– Sculptor in a variety of and Royal College of Art, 1957–60. In 1960 he materials, and letter-cutter, born in the Netherlands. moved to Gloucestershire, settling in Woodchester. After studying art history at Leiden she trained He taught at Stroud and Cheltenham Art Colleges with the noted Cambridge-based letter-carver, until 1966, when he taught initially at Bath sculptor and typographer David Kindersley. The Academy of Art and then at Bath College of Higher result is evident in her 1995 work Moon Pool, Education. With Dom Sylvester Houédard set up carved in Stancliffe stone, and sited at University Openings Press in 1964 and with him staged many of Warwick Business School. Furnee was shows of concrete poetry stemming from schemes shortlisted for a water feature in the Royal Pump worked on at Bath Academy with students. Took part in international shows and had retrospective Rooms, Leamington Spa, 1999. at Laing Art Gallery in Newcastle upon Tyne in Jane FURNESS 1931– Painter, artist in collage and 1971. The following year he won Arts Council mixed media, draughtsman and teacher, full name Prize at International Print Biennale, Bradford. Valerie Jane Furness, who was born in South Arts Council holds his work. Molton, Devon. She studied at Wimbledon School of Art with John Ward and Gerald Cooper, also at Christian FURR 1966– Painter whose “main aim is University of London Institute of Education. to contemporise the classical figurative genre.” He Landscape, the human figure and a series based was born in Heswall, Wirral, Cheshire, studied on families in part of Bristol were among her foundation at Wirral Metropolitan College, subjects. From 1957–63 worked in Cornwall, Wallasey, and graduated with first-class honours showing regularly at Newlyn Gallery and Penwith in fine art from De Montfort University, Society of Arts, joining it in early 1960s. She later Leicestershire. Furr was a prolific mixed-show lived and taught in London, Bristol and Cornwall, exhibitor, including National Portrait, Francis Kyle was head of art at Red Maids’ School, Bristol, and Mall Galleries. He won an Elizabeth 1979–86, and taught in illustration department of Greenshields Foundation Scholarship, 1991, and Falmouth College of Art, 1986–95. Returned to Winsor & Newton Young Artist’s Award, ROI, Clifton, Bristol, Furness travelled extensively 1993, and his work received considerable national abroad, returning regularly to work in her Penzance and specialist press coverage. Had a joint exhibition studio. Furness had numerous solo exhibitions, at Tricycle Gallery, 1993. Solo exhibitions included including Oxford Gallery, Oxford, 1963; Humanist Duffer of St George, 1993, and Royal Over-Seas Association, 1970; Penwith Gallery, St Ives, 1980; League, 1993 and 2001. Aged 28, Furr became the retrospective of figurative and abstract work, youngest artist to officially paint Queen Elizabeth Penlee House Museum, Penzance, 1989; Wills II, for the Royal Over-Seas League headquarters, Lane Gallery, St Ives, 1990–03; Nina Zborowska, after the Queen chose him from a shortlist. There Painswick, 1991–5; Lauderdale House, Highgate, were many other British and overseas private and 1995; and Wilton’s Music Hall, 1998, where official commissions, including Cardinal Cormac Furness’s work was linked to the launch of an opera Murphy O’Connor and portraits of two bishops by Alwynne Pritchard. Furness had a show at the for Westminster Cathedral. Furr was a member of RWA’s Mary Fedden Gallery in 2005 accompanied the Chelsea Arts Club. He lived in Richmond-uponby Morocco: Paintings and Poems, a book of her Thames, Surrey. paintings with poems by Denay Howard. Queen’s 112

Patrick FURSE 1918–2005 Artist and teacher, born in London, son of Sir Ralph Furse, for a time Winston Churchill’s private secretary. Patrick’s sisters Jill, the actress, and Theresa were successively married to the glass engraver Laurence Whistler. Having entered Eton College on a scholarship, Furse was encouraged to paint and etch by Robin Darwin. He abandoned reading classics at Balliol College, Oxford, and enrolled in London at Byam Shaw School of Drawing and Painting. Through Jill, he was able to draw backstage at the Royal Opera House and Sadler’s Wells. During World War II Furse served in the Rifle Brigade, was involved in air reconnaissance and Army-Royal Air Force liaison and work with the Polish Air Force, was mentioned in dispatches and left with the rank of major. He then worked as a storyboard artist in films; with his wife Elisabeth Haden-Guest opened a prints and antiques shop near Sloane Square; while continuing to paint, sculpt and deal in pictures ran a restaurant and club called Bistro; worked as darkroom assistant to the fashion photographer Claude Virgin; and in the late 1950s concentrated on enamelling. In 1959 he took on the enamelling department at the Central School of Arts and Crafts, running it for 24 years with distinction, experimenting with new mixes of metal and glass oxides to create rich colours and tackling large works. He collaborated with the noted enameller Stefan Knapp on installations at Terminal 2 at Heathrow Airport and Sidney Nolan’s Eureka Stockade mural for the Reserve Bank of Australia, Melbourne. After retirement, Furse continued to paint, also studying Arabic calligraphy and Chinese.

Artist in various media, film and stage designer. Born at Ightham, Kent, he studied under Henry Tonks at the Slade School of Fine Art, 1920–4, after education at Eton College. Exhibited at the Leicester and Berkeley Galleries and the Salon d’Automne, Paris. The Imperial War Museum holds his work. Furse was principally known as a theatrical designer, of settings and costumes. He had to his credit dozens of productions at major London theatres, such as the Roger FURSE 1903–1972

Old Vic, Lyric and Haymarket, plus provincial and foreign venues. He also designed costumes and armour for Laurence Olivier’s film Henry V, in 1944, plus other notable films such as Odd Man Out, Spartacus and The Roman Spring of Mrs Stone. Lived in London.

Hideo FURUTA 1949– Artist and teacher, notable as

a sculptor, born in Hiroshima, Japan. From 1969– 71, Furuta attended Tokyo Visual Art College, Tokyo, for foundation and sculpture; for five years, after involvement in the student movement, studied art, mathematics and physics; concentrated on etching and engraving at Hijiyama Art College, Hiroshima, 1977–8; then comparative philosophy and aesthetics at Hiroshima University, 1978–80. He worked as a quarry man at Ishizaki Quarry, Kurahashi Island, 1982–3. After a period teaching in Chile in 1984, Furuta in 1985 began teaching and sculpting in Wales, and went on to hold a large number of posts and residencies in Britain; was a visiting lecturer at Trondheim Art College, Norway, in 1991; and was Henry Moore Fellow in Sculpture at Northumbria University, Newcastle, 1992–4. His sound works and public performances included an African Drum Performance there, 1993. Furuta took part in many group shows in Britain and abroad. He had a solo exhibition of silkscreen prints at Saeki Gallery, Hiroshima, 1977, later ones including sculptures, drawings, photos and video works at University Gallery of Newcastle, 1997. This featured granite and basalt spheres and cones, carved at a quarry on the Solway Firth, when Furuta was described as “an artist who powerfully embodied a synthesis of conceptual and physical concerns”. By that time, Furuta’s public commissions numbered almost a score, later ones including a monumental outdoor sculpture for Gateshead Sculpture Park, Gateshead: Axiom, in white granite and black basalt, 1993–6. In 2000– 1, Furuta’s sculpture Juxtapositions was shown in Regent’s Park under the auspices of Daiwa Foundation Japan House. Collections holding his work included Margam Sculpture Park, Port Talbot; Edinburgh Printmakers’ Workshop, Edinburgh; Gallery Oriel 31, Newtown; and Glynn

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Vivian Art Gallery and Museum, Swansea. Anne FURZER: see Anne ENGDAHL

Anne FURZER-ENGDAHL: see Anne ENGDAHL

Irena FUSEK-FOROSIEWICZ fl. from 1950s–2002

Painter, born in Charewicz, Poland, where she studied at the High School of Agriculture in Warsaw and during the World War II German occupation took part in that city’s uprising. After the war she was one of the organisers of opera in Silesia, working there from 1945–58. She then settled in London and studied with the School of the Academic Community of Wilno University and Marian Bohusz-Szysko. Working in the PostImpressionist tradition of colour and light, she made the landscapes of the Sussex Downs, Italy and Spain her main themes. Was active in the Association of Polish Artists in Britain. Took part in group exhibitions at POSK Gallery, in 1982 having a solo shows there and at Christ’s Hospital Arts Centre, Horsham. In 1996, she had another at the Polish Cultural Centre. Toruń University, Poland, holds her work, as do many private collections in Britain and abroad.

Władisław FUSEK-FOROSIEWICZ 1907–1983 Painter, born in Poland, who at the

Cracow Academy of Fine Arts in 1931 gained his painting and teaching diploma. Before World War II he took part in the Annual Exhibition of Painting in Cracow and won a Ministry of Communications Award, 1938. In 1939, he joined the Polish Army, in 1940 the Polish Underground Army, in 1945 leaving the country to join the 2nd Polish Corps in Italy. At the British 8th Army Art Festival in Rome, 1946, he was awarded 1st Prize in the

figurative section. Fusek-Forosiewicz then moved to England and settled in Sussex, although he continued to travel occasionally to Africa, Italy, France and especially Spain. Group exhibitions included Contemporary Art by Polish Artists abroad at Imperial College, 1970, and annual shows of the Association of Polish Artists in Great Britain, of which he was a member. In 1974, he was awarded the Garby Prize. Among his one-man exhibitions were Edinburgh, 1955; Ipswich, 1959; Accra, Ghana, 1960; and POSK Gallery, 1975, 1979 and 1981. Fusek-Forosiewicz’s painted landscapes, still lifes and portraits, showing a PostImpressionist influence and vibrant use of colour. His painter contemporary Stanisław Frenkiel said of his work that it was “pervaded by unabashed thirst for sensuous textures brought out by light.” The Cracow National Museum in Poland and many private collections around the world hold examples.

Painter, collagist and teacher who did figurative and abstract work, with a special interest in weather and the sea. He was born in Southampton and educated in Bournemouth, Hampshire. Studied at City & Guilds Art School, St Martin’s School of Art, 1946– 9, and Royal College of Art, 1949–52, under Rodrigo Moynihan. Taught at St Martin’s and from 1964 was head of fine art at Wimbledon School of Art. Showed at RA, Young Contemporaries and in the provinces and had a first solo exhibition at Beaux Arts Gallery in 1956. Tate Gallery and Arts Council, which in 1976 staged a retrospective, hold examples. Lived for many years in London and was married to the artist Evelyn Williams. Michael FUSSELL 1927–1974

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