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PITZER’S oUTBACK PRESERVE

California Sagebrush Artemisia californica

Family: Asteraceae (SUNFLOWER). Other common names: coastal sage brush. Generic common name: SAGEBRUSH. Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Fall. H & W=3-5’.

Black Sage Salvia mellifera Family: Lamiaceae (MINT). Generic common name: SAGE. Characteristics: Native, White, Blue, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring. H & W=3-5’

White Sage Salvia apiana

Family: Lamiaceae (MINT). Generic common name: SAGE. Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring. H&W=3-5’ &

Deergrass Muhlenbergia rigens Family: Poaceae (GRASS). Generic common name: MUHLY. Characteristics: Native. Tan, Evergreen, H=2-3’, W=3-4’, Sun- Part sun.

California Buckwheat Eriogonum fasciculatum

Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT). Other common names: Eastern Mojave buckwheat, coastal California buckwheat, leafy California buckwheat. Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT. Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer. H = 3-5’ to W10’, Sun to Part sun.

Datura Datura wrightii Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO). Other common names: sacred thorn-apple, toluaca, toloache, western Jimsonweed, hairy thorn-apple, devils trumpet. Generic common name: JIMSON WEED, THORN-APPLE. Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring to LateSummer. H=3’ up to W10’ .

Toyon Heteromeles arbutifolia

Family: Rosaceae (ROSE). Other common names: Christmas berry. Generic common name: CHRISTMAS BERRY, TOYON. Characteristics: Native, White, Fruit Red Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer. H=8-20’ W=10-20’, Sun.

Coast Live Oak Quercus agrifolia

Family: Fagaceae (BEECH, OAK). Other common names: California live oak, encina. Generic common name: OAK. Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring. Male and female blossoms. H =20-50’. W=35’, Sun- part Sun.

Hollyleaf Cherry

Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia Family: Rosaceae (ROSE). Generic common name: PLUM. Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring. H=5-20’, W=10’, Sun to part Sun.

Poison Oak Toxicodendron diversilobum Family: Anacardiaceae (SUMAC, CASHEW). Other common names: Pacific poison oak, western poison oak. Generic common name: POISON OAK, POISON IVY. Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring. Dry bare twigs. Vine.

Golden Currant Ribes aureum

Family: Grossulariaceae (GOOSEBERRY). Generic common name: CURRANT, GOOSEBERRY. Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring. H. 3-4’ W. 4-6’

Coastal Prickly Pear Opuntia littoralis

Family: Cactaceae (CACTUS). Other common names: western prickly pear. Generic common name: PRICKLY PEAR. Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring. H. 3-4’ W. very large clumps.

Our Lord's candle Hesperoyucca whipplei Yucca whipplei.

Family: Agavaceae (AGAVE, CENTURY PLANT), Other common names: chaparral yucca. Generic common name: SPANISH BAYONET, YUCCA. Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring. H. 3-4’. W. 3-4’

Scale Broom Lepidospartum squamatum

Family: Asteraceae (SUNFLOWER). Other common names: broomsage, California broomshrub. Generic common name: SCALE-BROOM, BROOMSAGE. Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer H. 3-4’. Clumps Very large.

Yerba Santa Eriodictyon crassifolium var. nigrescens

Cane Cholla Cylindropuntia parryi = C. californicum var. parkeri

Family: Cactaceae (CACTUS). Other common names:, snake cholla, California cholla. Generic common name: CHOLLA. Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring. H. to 6’ W. spreading

Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE), Hydrophyllaceae (WATERLEAF). Other common names: bicolored yerba santa, felt leaved Yerba Santa. Generic common name: YERBA SANTA. Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring,

Redberry Rhamnus crocea

Family: Rhamnaceae (BUCKTHORN). Other common names: redberry buckthorn, spiny redberry. Generic common name: BUCKTHORN. Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring. H=3-6’ W=3-6’

Coffeeberry Frangula californica ssp. californica = Rhamnus californica ssp. californica. Family: Rhamnaceae (BUCKTHORN). Other common names: California coffeeberry. Generic common name: COFFEE BERRY. Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring. H=5-15’. W=8-10’

Wild Cucumber Marah macrocarpa

Family: Cucurbitaceae (GOURD). Other common names: Manroot, Cucamonga manroot. Generic common name: MANROOT, WILD CUCUMBER. Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous vine, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring. Caudiciform.

California Fuchsia Epilobium canum ssp. canum

Other scientific names: Zauschneria cana. Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE). Other common names: hummingbird trumpet, Generic common name: FIREWEED, WILLOW HERB. Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Large, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Summer. H=1-2’.W=2-4’. Sun to Part sun

Brittlebush Encelia farinosa Family: Asteraceae (SUNFLOWER). Other common names: incienso, goldenhills, desert brittlebush. Generic common name: BRITTLEBUSH. Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Large, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer. H=2-4’. W=2-4’. Sun- part sun. Foothill Penstemon

Penstemon heterophyllus

Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT). Other common names: bunchleaf penstemon. Generic common name: BEARDTONGUE, PENSTEMON. Characteristics: Native, Blue, Large, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring. H=1-2’.W=1-2’. Sun-Part sun.

Mule Fat Baccharis salicifolia spp. salicifolia Family: Asteraceae (SUNFLOWER). Generic common name: FALSE WILLOW, BACCHARIS. Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer. H to 10’. W. to 6’ Male and female blossoms.

Hybrid Desertbroom Baccharis sarothroides x pilularis Family: Asteraceae (SUNFLOWER). Other common names: Broom Baccharis. Generic common name: FALSE WILLOW, BACCHARIS. Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer. This hybrid of two native species is actually an escaped cultivar with a form intermediate between its parents.

Nevin’s Barberry Berberis nevinii

Family: Berberidaceae (Barberries) Origin: California (U.S.A.) Evergreen: Yes Flower Color: Yellow Bloomtime: Spring Synonyms: [Mahonia nevinii] Height: 6-10 feet Width: 6-12 feet

Mountain Lilac Ceanothus ‘Concha’

Family: Rhamnaceae (Buckthorns) Origin: California (U.S.A.) Evergreen: Yes Flower Color: Dark Blue Bloomtime: Spring Parentage: (C. papillosus var. roweanus x C. impressus?) Height: 6-8 feet Width: 8-12 feet

Coast Range Melic

Melica imperfecta Family: Poaceae (Gramineae) (Grasses) Origin: California (U.S.A.) Flower Color: Tan Bloomtime: Spring Height: 1-3 feet Width: 2-3 feet Exposure: Sun or Shade

Bigberry Manzanita Arctostaphylos glauca Family: Ericaceae (HEATH). Generic common name: MANZANITA. Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Fall. Height 5-14’, Width to 10’

Bush Monkey Flower Mimulus aurantiacus Family: Phrymaceae (LOPSEED), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT). Other common names: sticky monkey flower, island monkeyflower. Generic common name: MONKEYFLOWER. Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Large, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Purple Nightshade Solanum xanti Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO). Other common names: chaparral nightshade. Generic common name: NIGHTSHADE. Characteristics: Native, Large, Clusters, Herbaceous, Woody, Perennial, Flower Color: Purple, Bloomtime: Winter/Spring Height: 1-3 feet Width: 2-3 feet Exposure: Sun or Shade

Caterpillar Phacelia Phacelia cicutaria Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE), Hydrophyllaceae (WATERLEAF). Generic common name: PHACELIA. Characteristics: Native, White, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Sapphire Wool Star Eriastrum sapphirinum Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX). Other common names: sapphire eriastrum. Generic common name: WOOLLYSTAR. Characteristics: Native, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.

Yellow Pincushion Chaenactis glabriuscula Family: Asteraceae (SUNFLOWER). Other common names: yellow chaenactis, common yellow chaenactis. Generic common name: PINCUSHION, DUSTY-MAIDENS. Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Laurel Sumac Malosma laurina Family: Anacardiaceae (SUMAC, CASHEW). Generic common name: LAUREL SUMAC. Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer. H=15-20’. W= 15’

Lemonadeberry Rhus integrifolia Family: Anacardiaceae (SUMAC, CASHEW). Other common names: lemonade sumac. Generic common name: SUMAC. Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring. H=10’, W=10’ Elderberry

Elderberry Sambucus nigra ssp. caerulea Sambucus mexicana. Family: Adoxaceae (MUSKROOT), Caprifoliaceae (HONEYSUCKLE). Other common names: blue elderberry. Generic common name: ELDERBERRY. Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

California Sun-cup Camissoniopsis bistorta Camissonia bistorta. Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE). Other common names: southern suncup, sun cup. Generic common name: SUN CUP. Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Bigpod Ceanothus Ceanothus megacarpus var. megacarpus Family: Rhamnaceae (BUCKTHORN). Generic common name: CALIFORNIA-LILAC, CEANOTHUS. Characteristics: Native, White, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring. Communities: Chaparral, Yellow Pine Forest, Pinyon-Juniper Woodland

California Peony Paeonia californica Family: Paeoniaceae (PEONY). Generic common name: PEONY. Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.

California flannelbush, California fremontia, Flannel bush Fremontodendron californicum (Torrey) Cov. Fremontodendron californicum, a dicot, is a shrub that is native to California and is also found outside of California, but is confined to western North America. Communities: Chaparral, Yellow Pine Forest, Pinyon-Juniper Woodland . Family: MALVACEAE (CNPS + PLANTS: STERCULIACEAE)Related:

Giant Wild Rye Elymus condensatus = Leymus condensatus.

Purple Needlegrass Stipa pulchra =Nassella pulchra.

Family: Poaceae (GRASS). Other common names: giant rye, Generic common name: WILD RYE, Characteristics: Native. H=4-6’, W=2-3’;Sun- Part sun

Family: Poaceae (GRASS). Other common names: purple stipa, purple tussockgrass. Generic common name: NEEDLEGRASS. Characteristics: Native. H 2-3’. W 2’.


Outback Preserve Plant Identification Guide