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4 Septermber 21, 2012 The Phillipian NEWS Abbot Academy Principals 1829-1857 Charles Goddard 1829-1831 Charles Goddard, first Principal of Abbot Academy, could be frequently found sitting in an art classroom of Abbot Hall, surrounded by sharpened colored pencils, drawing boards and wooden stools. In addition to his role as the first headmaster of the Academy, Goddard instructed young women in drawing. Prior to the Academy’s opening, the school characterized Goddard as an individual whose “character, education, manners and experience would inspire confidence in all,” according to “Academy Hill: The Andover Campus, 1778 to the Present.” Under Goddard, Abbot taught English, history, geography, mathematics, chemistry and both ancient and modern languages. Goddard’s passion for teaching was evident in his lessons, which motivated his students to learn. Mary Ann Durant Bullard AA’37 described his attitude as “wide awake, almost sportive,” as written in “A Singular School.” Though he served as Principal for only two years, Goddard’s tenure shaped the face of Abbot and laid the foundations for a school that would endure for more than a century. Reverand Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth 1838-1839 Reverend Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth, fourth Principal of Abbot Academy, was also a clergyman, teacher and beekeeper. Born in Philadelphia, Langstroth graduated from the Divinity School at Yale University in 1831 and taught there before moving to Andover. During his time as Principal, Langstroth also served as a pastor at Andover’s South Congregational Church. Known as the “father of American beekeeping,” according to “A Singular School,” Langstroth received the first United States patent for a beehive design that most beekeepers still use today. After two years as Principal, Langstroth retired to work full time at his parish. Reverand Samuel Lamson 1832-1834 In the dim hours of the morning, a buggy full of enthusiastic Abbot Academy students rattled down a dirt road headed toward the ocean. During his tenure, Reverend Samuel Lamson, second Principal of Abbot Academy, began organizing off-campus excursions for students, including one to the nearby beach. Some trips left campus as early as four o’clock in the morning, but they always drew a throng of eager students. In his two years as Principal, Lamson was known for his compassion towards students. In “A Singular School,” M. Carey Thomas, the first female President of Bryn Mawr College recalled, “Of all the teachers, no one knew so well as [Lamson] to reach the conscience in matters generally considered too trivial.” Reverand Timothy Dwight Porter Stone 1853 After the resignation of Reverend Asa Farrell in November 1852, Abbot Academy was at a loss for leadership. Peter Smith Byers, Phillips Academy faculty member, was asked to fill the slot of school principal in the fall. After receiving the invitation, Byers surveyed and observed the school. Unfortunately, what he found did not live up to his expectations. Before he had even served one day as principal of the academy, Byers turned down the offer and abdicated his position as president, according to Lloyd. 1835-1838 Sharing his love for astronomy and meteorology with many students, Reverend Samuel Gilman Brown, third Principal of Abbot Academy, helped integrate the natural sciences into Abbot’s curriculum. Brown, who served as Principal for three years, was known for his kind, understanding and daring character. His scientific knowledge benefited students in more ways than one, as one Abbot alumna said in “A Singular School,” “I had been terribly afraid of lightning till Mr. Brown gave us a lecture one evening.” Brown was one of the most beloved principals because he understood the needs of young girls. In “A Singular School,” an alumna is quoted: “We caught his enthusiasm, and strove to study well so as to not disappoint him.” Brown exuded passion in all the subjects he taught, which ranged from astronomy to English literature. 1839-1842 Reverand Asa Farwell Reverend Timothy Dwight Porter Stone, fifth Principal of Abbot Academy, was known at the school as a cheerful man who kept the Academy in “perfect order,” as Julia Ann Pierce said in “A Singular School.” Stone, a graduate of Andover, was a vivacious man who brought new ideas to Abbot. Most notably, he opened an Abbot Commons in Davis Hall. While he was at the school, he managed to balance being a writer, father and a landlord for Abbot boarders. Desiring that Abbot Academy prepare young women for the teaching profession, Stone implemented a three-year course called “The Abbot Female Seminary” as one of the school’s main offerings. “All the studies here [are designed to] render Young Ladies qualified to impart as well as to acquire knowledge,” Stone is quoted in “A Singular School.” 1842-1852 Nancy Judson Hasseltine 1854-1856 Peter Smith Byers Reverand Samuel Gilman Brown Nancy Judson Hasseltine, seventh Principal of Abbot Academy, increased Abbot’s reliance on women as the first female Principal of the Academy. Hasseltine formally severed ties with the Andover Theological Seminary and stopped allowing Abbot students to attend lectures at Phillips Academy. The young Principal made many changes to the school during her two-and-a-half year tenure. Smith Hall, the school’s first dormitory, was built and opened in 1856 after Hasseltine asked the Trustees for a school dormitory. On top of teaching up to six hours a day, Hasseltine managed to strengthen the English curriculum, supervise her assistants and keep the business affairs of the school organized. People said that Hasseltine “taught everything as if it were her favorite study” and possessed “a tremendous sense of duty,” according to “A Singular School” by Susan McIntosh Lloyd. Articles by Rani Iyer, Andrew O’Brien, Ian Whittall, Anika Kim, Rhaime Kim and Rebecca Cheng. Photos by Stephen Moreland. Sources: “A Singular School: Abbot Academy 18281973,” by Susan McIntosh Lloyd Sequal to Annals of Fifty Years: A History of Abbot Academy,” by Philena McKeen “Abbot Academy Sketches,” by Katherine R. Kelsey Reverend Asa Farwell, sixth Principal of Abbot Academy, led the school for ten years, a longer tenure than any previous Abbot Principal . Farwell was also one of the last of two men to serve as Principal of Abbot until 1968. During his time as Principal, Farwell started a small riding school in Draper Hall to benefit the Abbot students. He emphasized the importance of physical activity in daily life. “Walking in the open air and riding on horseback, is regarded as highly useful not only in affording a pleasing relaxation … but in avoiding those diseases to which the studious are always exposed,” wrote Farwell in Abbot Academy’s 1844-1845 catalogue, according to “A Singular School.” Farwell was fired from the school in September of 1848, after 27 Abbot students and 10 of their fathers petitioned for his removal because he was “wholly lacking in that gentlemanly deportment and refinement of manner which are best calculated to make favorable impressions in the formation of female character,” according to a “A Singular School.” Born in Dorset, Vermont in 1812, Farwell was educated at Burr Seminary, Middlebury College and the Andover Theological Seminary. Maria Jane Bancroft Brown 1856-1857 Maria Jane Bancroft Brown, eighth Principal of Abbot Academy, encouraged the young women of Abbot not to fight against inequality of power but to be a “co-operating power,” according to “A Singular School,” by Susan McIntosh Lloyd. “[Brown] advised her graduating Seniors to welcome the difference between their own futures and the ‘active life’ open to male graduates of ‘classic halls,’” wrote Lloyd. Maria Jane Bancroft Brown taught female students in Virginia prior to being appointed as Principal of Abbot Academy. Brown also taught at Exeter, Northampton, Norton, Springfield, Brunswick and Lawrenceville. Her haughty and cultured demeanor incited both obedience and admiration amongst her students. Brown served as the Principal of Abbot for only a little bit over a year. Eventually, she resigned for a position at a school in the South. Subscribe!

CXXXV, Issue 16: Abbot Academy Principals

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