23 Open Innovation, defined as multiple, internal and external humans engaging together to address challenges with open tools, has been part of applied creativity (CPS) history since the 1940s. The much later arriving reformulated 2003 version of Open Innovation significantly narrowed the focus to the question of who participates. This study returns the conversation to earlier broader considerations of what Open Innovation is today and might be in the future, including the consideration of methods and tools.
Humantific for OPEN Innovation Consortium
Innovation Methods Mapping