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FINDING 13 The starting points of the various process models seen in this study vary significantly. CPS process models tend to begin further upstream than most design process models. Design process models most often start with a “brief� which is a framed or semi-framed challenge. Today these starting point differences have significant implications in highly complex organizational, and societal situations where often no defined brief exists. Humantific for OPEN Innovation Consortium 50 Innovation Methods Mapping

Innovation Methods Mapping

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