Winter Survival Guide
Fairbanks, Alaska, winters are known for being cold, dark and very long. We asked readers for tips on how to cope and they had some terrific ideas.
Fairbanks, Alaska October 6, 2012 The voice of Interior Alaska since 1903 newsminer.com See what advice our readers have for surviving a Fairbanks winter WINTER 2012-13 GUIDE Sam Harrel/News-Miner 2 20 years in Alaska comes with many wintry lessons Winter Survival Guide Fairbanks Daily News-Miner SURVIVAL TIPS Sheila Teal: Don't panic and don't listen to all of the horror stories. Dress in layers and slow down on the roads! Tiffany Nicholas: Keep warm clothes, winter gear, blankets, and hand/feet warmers in the vehicle. Annie Gray: Turn on your headlights (yes, even during the day) Use your turn signals!! and start braking waaaayyy ahead of time. I arrived in Alaska in February 1991, leaving the early year warmth of Sacramento behind. The cold -- probably a deep, bitter cold of a whopping 5 degrees above zero -- greeted me at Anchorage International Airport. It was the first real winter of my adult life. And so began the many years of cold-weather lessons learned from frigid fingertips, numb toes and, later after moving to Fairbanks, vehicles that either wouldn't start or that couldn't grip the road. Take my five-speed, milk chocolate-colored, goldstriped, T-top 1985 Camaro Z28, which my new employer had shipped up to Anchorage for me. What a beautiful car. Especially with those wide tires that did so well on California's freeways. It's just that, well, I seem to recall my that my sweet, high-powered ride couldn't make it up the ever-so-slight rise on Denali Street to my 12th Avenue condo in Anchorage. A tap on the gas pedal and my eight cylinders would spin the wheels aggressively on the winter-slickened road. Nowhere to go but sheepishly back down. Bummer. And not cool- Julie Stricker photo Snow blows across the Steese Highway just north of Fairbanks. With snow on the ground 6 to 8 months of the year and temperatures that frequently fall to 40-degrees below Fahrenheit and colder, a winter in Fairbanks can be daunting. But for many Fairbanksans, it's their favorite season. looking, either. The car had to go. I've learned a lot over the years, much of it through my own mistakes and some of it from the mistakes and advice of others. I know a lot more about materials, about what my body can and can't endure in the cold, about what to expect (and not to expect) from a vehicle. I know how to get a small child bundled up just right for school. And, of course, some mistakes I just keep on making. This year's edition of the Daily News-Miner's Winter Survival Guide draws on the advice of Alaskans, especially those in the Interior. We asked readers for their advice for people about to experience their first Fairbanks winter. You'll see their responses throughout the pages. There's great advice inside. Heck, I'm sure there's even some advice for me after 20 years in Alaska. --Rod Boyce Managing editor firstname.lastname@example.org Twitter: @FDNMeditor Donna Kelly Shepherd: I always keep a winter gear bag in my van in winter with extra essential items. Extra gloves, hats, blankets, flashlight, matches, etc. It's better to be prepared and not need it, then to need it and not have it. Gayle Ernst: Leave now...Get out of Alaska while you can!! Just kidding! Headlights are a must 24/7 and don't think you are invincible! Ronnie Rosenberg: Something on domestic animal care. Many animals suffer from frostbite and worse in our winters. How much can I plow? Depends. How much you got? PL O WS ... and the Grizzlies to push them! YAMAHA Grizzly 550 YFM5FGA In stock and ready to play. Your job just got easier. 1817 College Rd. � 907-452-3455 � 1-800-478-3455 � www.alaskafuncenter.com AL ASK A F UN CENTER 50400198-10-6-12WS Saturday, October 6, 2012 Winter Survival Guide 3 SURVIVAL TIPS Charlotte Peterson: Take your vitamin D3 during the long dark months, get exercise, go out and find stuff to do. Winter tires are essential, and make sure to slow down. Sharon Rutland: Get in where it's warm and don't come out til May! Annie Gray: Oh yes, Charlotte! Invest in good winter tires! (I love my Blizzaks) and I know they are expensive, but they are worth it for your/ your children's safety! Danielle Kinville: Leave early to get where you're going so you can take it slow and steady! Brakes are not your friend on ice. Blair Kirby: Auto start! Allison LeBon: Get a winter front for the grill of your vehicle. It will keep you nice and warm during the cold winter days! They are available at Alaska Tent & Tarp. Jeny Hovis: Get a nice coat and boots. It's easy to be scared by the prices, but they're so important you really have to maybe chip away at the budget in other areas so you can have a good coat and boots. Debbie Es: Winterize your car and don't freak out when you wake up to square tires in the a.m. :) a nd C l Got snow? Be careful not to invite injuries, accidents By ROXIE RODGERS DINSTEL Cooperative Extension t happens every year here in Alaska. The snow falls and we are left with piles of the stuff to move. It is beautiful, but treacherous -- in more ways than one. Sidewalks are unsafe if not cleared, but the shoveling can be a danger to you. Think in terms of unaccustomed physical labor and back problems. People don't think that when you start shoveling snow, it is like picking up heavy weights in the cold, on a slippery surface, and dressed in heavy clothing. This is a prescription for injury. First, let's look on the bright side. The good news is that snow shoveling for at least 15 minutes counts as moderate physical activity. According to the surgeon general, we all should aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity most days of the week. A 170-pound person shoveling for 30 minutes will burn about 250 calories. Not a bad investment on the calories-burned scale. The bad news is that researchers have reported an increase in the number of heart attacks among snow shovelers after heavy snowfalls. The rise may be due to the sudden demand that shoveling places on an individual's heart. Since snow shoveling is a demanding task, it causes the heart to pump faster. In I Choose a plastic shovel rather than metal because it is lighter to lift. A nonstick surface can be produced at home. Simply coat the blade of the snow shovel with vegetable oil. This will also help to make shoveling less tiring. cold weather, blood vessels contract, which can cause a heart attack since the blood is trying to pump harder to get blood to the extremities. After only two minutes of shoveling, heart rates for sedentary men go to levels higher than those recommended for aerobic exercise. If you experience chest pain, shortness of breath or other symptoms of a heart attack, call 911 immediately. Far more common are shoveling-related injuries like pulled muscles and strained backs. These can be avoided by using the right equipment and proper snow shoveling methods. The weather can make shoveling more difficult. Cold air makes working and breathing hard. You are also at risk of hypothermia if you aren't properly dressed for the weather. So do you throw in the shovel (towel)? Not necessarily. Snow shoveling can be good exercise when performed correctly and with safety in mind. Think heart-healthy and back-friendly when shoveling. Please see SNOW, Page 4 ~ Service Heating ~ Offering our 28 Point Annual Service check! The most thorough service check in the North Star Borough We recommend an annual service maintenance of your heating system to improve the efficiency of your unit. We service all makes of Boilers and Forced Air Furnaces. Call to schedule your appointment today! Locally owned & operated Serving FNSB for over 16 years Licensed Bonded Insured 18401688 10-6-12 WS ood � Loggi rew ng Fi �L ! 1 %6( !33(1!36/7 1 Log Wood 3 Cord Loads $550 Birch Stove Length 1 Cord Load $325 Birch 12402688 10-6-12 WS "The Door Store" M IKE Jeff Ward 907-388-8605 907-488-4049 R K OO D LO CO M R ME A CI L & E AV TR RS I Se Se D N RE ce E ce i i K rvr v D SI T EN IA www.WardWoodWorksAK.com r ea � Hydro-a ing xe L Call 13401312-10-6-12WS DR. DOOR 457-7221 Fax: 457-7211 2626 Phillips Field Rd. Fairbanks, AK 99709 Bonded & Insured Lic #23550 www.Klondikedoor.com 4 SNOW: Proper technique, tools a must Sweat can turn clammy on your skin and cause problems. Shovel as soon as the snow Your skin should remain warm (not hot) and dry. starts to accumulate. ShovelPick the right shovel for ing snow is much easier if you you. It should be constructed keep up with it. Rather than for snow removal, with a shoveling away at two feet of no-stick surface and of lightsnow, shovel snow when an weight construction. Choose inch or more hits the ground and shovel more often rather a plastic shovel rather than metal because it is lighter to than waiting until shoveling lift. A non-stick surface can is a big chore. be produced at home. Simply If you are inactive and coat the blade of the snow have a history of heart trouble, talk to your doctor before shovel with vegetable oil. This will also help to make shovelyou take on the task of shoving less tiring. eling snow. A smaller blade will Warm up just as you would for exercise. Loosen your mus- require you to lift less snow, putting less strain on your cles by marching in place or stretching before tackling the body. Consider buying a benthandle shovel that's designed sidewalk. Warm muscles will work more efficiently and are to prevent too much stooping. Space your hands sevless likely to be injured. eral inches apart on the tool Drink plenty of water. grip to increase your leverDehydration is just as big an issue in cold winter months as age. Begin shoveling slowly to avoid placing a sudden it is in the summer. demand on your heart. Pace Avoid caffeine or nicotine yourself and take breaks as before beginning. These needed. are stimulants, which may Shovel the worst part first. increase your heart rate and Shovel the deepest spot at the cause your blood vessels to constrict, placing extra stress end of the driveway where the snow plow dumps the snow on the heart. Dress in several layers and first. This area will need to be done without a doubt. You remove layers as needed. Be may find it unnecessary to sure to remove clothing as shovel areas that are not as you heat up while shoveling. Continued from Page 3 Winter Survival Guide deep. If the goal is to get your vehicle out of the driveway, do that first before shoveling extra space around the cars. Protect your back from injury by lifting correctly. Stand with your feet about hip width for balance and keep the shovel close to your body. Bend from the knees (not the back) and tighten your stomach muscles as you lift the snow. Push the snow when possible -- don't lift it. Don't throw it over your shoulder or to the side since this twisting motion can stress your back. If you need to move the snow to one side, reposition your feet to face the direction the snow will be going. For very light snow removal, a broom can work. Most importantly -- listen to your body. Stop if you feel pain! Keep your heart and your back healthy as you tackle shoveling this winter. Roxie Rodgers Dinstel is a professor of extension on the Tanana District Extension faculty. Questions or column requests can be e-mailed to her at email@example.com or by calling 907-474-2426. The Cooperative Extension Service is part of the University of Alaska Fairbanks, working in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Fairbanks Daily News-Miner SURVIVAL TIPS Vicki Rayburn: Go out to activities: music, theatre, sports, etc. take up a hobby. Like your home. Get it comfortable. You will be spending a lot of time there. Valerie Davis: Studded tires. Christina Uticone: Oh, and if you have a good camera, study up on how to shoot the aurora, & buy a tripod! Lara Poirrier: Slow down on the roads. Besides the ice, you have these large things called moose that can kill you if you hit them. Angela Sorlie Benjamin: Do not let the cold/ dark intimidate you and keep you inside. If you are worried the dark months will depress you, buy a bright halogen lamp for your living room. We had one the first time we lived here, and it was like our own mini sun! Also, stock up in good lip balm and lotion. Otherwise you will dry right up! TEXT OR DRIVE PICK ONE � Providing a Quality, Encompassing Driver's Education Program � Instructor has over 23 years of experience � Classes available all year � Administration of driver's license tests � We are a contractor for Ft. 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It's all fun and games until you put your vehicle into a snow bank at -30 and all you have is a hoody and a pair of jeans to keep you warm until help arrives. Also, fourwheel-drive, whilst incredibly useful for getting traction on slick surfaces, does not, contrary to popular belief, do a thing to help you stop. Give yourself a good buffer between you and the vehicle ahead of you so you have an `escape route' if the guy ahead of you jams his brakes. It's far cheaper to call a tow truck to pull you out of the soft stuff than it is to call the first responders to extricate someone's exhaust pipe out of your forehead. Athena Garris: All-weather or studded snow tires!!! Watch out for moose! Delaney Dixon MacMillan: Driving a 4wheel drive vehicle does not mean you are good to go. Start out slow and give yourself extra time to slow down. � Average date of first low temperature of -20 or below: Nov. 19 �Average date of last low temperature of -20 or below: March 14 � Average number of days with a low temperature of -40 or lower: 11 � Average number of days with low temperature of -20 or lower: 47 (Information as of 2010 is based on National Weather Service records dating back to 1930, with some earlier records included as noted.) TIRE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS Selling With its new Multi-Cell compound and advanced 3-D Sipe technology, the Bridgestone Blizzak WS70 delivers improved snow and slush performance, and is a reliable ride in icy conditions. It's a tire that will help get you to your destination-regardless of the weather forecast. BLIZZAK The Bilzzak DM-V1 stands out from other winter tires due to its versatility. The new Tube Multi-Cell and NanoPro-Tech rubber compound help improve snow, ice, wet and dry performance by making the tire more flexible to changes in conditions. 10 Limited to Stock on Hand % OFF SNOW TIRES 18400577 10-6-12 WS Thru Oct. 31, 2012 11401918-10-6-12WS Cushman at Van Horn � 452-7131 Saturday, October 6, 2012 Winter Survival Guide 7 Eric Engman/News-Miner A skier crosses Ballaine Lake in January 2012. Fairbanks Transit NEW ROUT ES to Sa Van H lcha & orn Rd . Save Gas , Save Money , Ride the Bus! 1740308310612W S 459-1011 � See our maps and schedules online at www.fnsb.us/macs/ 8 Saving energy is as easy as turning off the lights Winter Survival Guide Fairbanks Daily News-Miner SURVIVAL TIPS Glenn J Gambrell: Adequate gear in the car, no matter how short the trip. Force your teens to wear the correct clothes, even if it is not "cool." Babies get frostbite real quick. Need to run the car for a few (meaning less than 5) minutes before taking off. Happy lights help. Find time to go out in the sun during December-January Jennifer Ippolito: Buy good winter gear (not necessarily fashionable), plug in your car, check your heating oil level often, slow down on the roads (even if it appears dry!)...meet up w/ people in person often (don't hide on Facebook ;). Enjoy the novelty of living here..people wait a lifetime & wipe a savings account just to visit! Brian Pearce: Keep busy, drink plenty of water and don't put your tongue on a steel pole. W temperature in a room." Buffalow said, "Insulated curtains also help because hen you were a they act as an additional layer teenager, your of insulation." parents probably Paul Frantz, chief marnot only told you keting officer of the energy to "turn down that music" supplier Energy Plus, advises but to also turn off the lights that you "take control of when you left a room. You home temperatures." may or may not have listened "In winter set your therthen, but now as an adult, mostat to 68 degrees or less you really should pay attenduring the daytime and 55 tion to what experts have to degrees before going to sleep say about conserving energy. -- or when you're away dur"It's amazing what a difing the day," he says. "During ference simple behaviors can the summer set thermostats have on your comfort -- and to 78 degrees or more." energy bills -- in your home," Frantz also suggests using says Barbara Buffaloe, susappliances efficiently. Set your tainability manager for the refrigerator temperature at city of Columbia, Mo. "Just 38 to 42 F, while your freezer something as simple as open- should be set between zero ing and shutting curtains or and 5 F. blinds can really affect the "Use the power-save switch By DIANE SCHLINDWEIN Creators.com if your fridge has one, and make sure the door seals tightly," he says. "You can check this by making sure that a dollar bill closed in between the door gaskets is difficult to pull out. If it slides easily between the gaskets, replace them." The upcoming fall and winter holidays will have you spending more time in the kitchen. Frantz says to avoid "peeking" inside the oven more than necessary. "Check the seal on the oven door and use a microwave oven for cooking or reheating small items," he says. When meals are finished, use your dishwasher wisely. "Wash only full loads in your dishwasher, using short cycles $878 + 10d = $2,000? If that math doesn't make sense to you . . . keep reading. Because your check or credit card payment of $878 is worth $2,000 bucks for 10 days on non current can-Am ATV's, Side by side Ski-doo Snowmachines, Outboards, and more. Here is a list of just a few items that qualify: (for the FULL LIST as well as prices, payments, etc. just go to www.compeaus.com or stop by) Item #1) 2012 Can-Am Outlander 500 XT Item #2) 2012 Can-Am Outlander 800 XT yellow Item #3) 2012 Can-Am Commander 800 XT yellow SSV Item #4) 2012 Can-Am Commander 1000 XT silver SSV Item #5) 2012 Ski-doo Summit 146 800 E-tec black Item #6) Yamaha 150 (20") outboard Item #7) Yamaha 40 jet outboard Item #8) Evinrude 200 hp (20") outboard Item #9) Evinrude 50 hp (20") outboard Item #10) 201- SJX 2170 blue loaded w/canvas (D) w/trailer Item #11) 2010 SJX 2170 Camo w/Bl Ice demo w/trailer Item #12) SeaArk 1660 w/Yamaha 40 jet on trailer pkg See Sales dept. for details. Limited to stock on hand. First come first served. 13402886 10-6-12 13402874-10-6-12WS 4122 Boat St. � 479-2271� www.compeaus.com (across Airport Way from West Fred Meyer) Saturday, October 6, 2012 9 Some of the services we provide: � � � � � � � � � 4x4 fuel delivery trucks Competitive pricing Friendly staff Budget Payment Plans Auto-service available Prompt payment discounts Call-in delivery service Environmentally conscious 24-hour Emergency Service Aviation: � � � � � Off Airport Deliveries Full into-plane service at Fairbanks International Airport 24-hour self-serve Avgas Cardlock "Fairbanks International Airport/Chena Marina Airport" Full service FBO on West Ramp of Fairbanks International Airport Pilots' lounge on the East Ramp of Fairbanks International Airport Products we deliver: � � � � � Heating Oil Diesel Fuel Unleaded Fuel Jet-A Fuel Avgas HOME HEATING OIL P .O. Box 60669, Fairbanks, Alaska 99706 www.alaskaaerofuel.com � email: firstname.lastname@example.org Servicing Nenana, Salcha, Fox, North Pole and Fairbanks 11401175-10-6-12WS Locally Owned and Operated Since 1982 10 ENERGY: Gram was right: put on a sweater some cellphone chargers pull electricity when no phone is for all but the dirtiest dishes," plugged in. he says. "This saves water "The energy used by these and the energy used to pump electronics when not in use and heat it. Air-drying, if you is called `vampire load,' and have the time, can also reduce it's a waste of energy that energy use." can add up over the course Buffaloe says some appliof a year," she says. Instead, ances even use energy when Buffaloe suggests plugging in they are off. Small electronics small electronics and chargers with LED lights and/or clocks to a power strip that allows on them are constantly pullyou the ease of turning off ing electricity. multiple `vampire loads' with "The little red light on the click of one switch. the DVD player and televiBuffaloe says to remember sion doesn't have to be on to control "the power you when you're not watching have on your own comfort." television," she says. "Even "Your grandmother was on Continued from Page 8 Winter Survival Guide to something when she said, `You're cold? Put on a sweater.' Every blanket or layer of clothes adds an additional layer of insulation to your body -- making you more comfortable in your own home or on the go. "You know that adding more insulation to your attic is good for your home energy bills," Buffaloe concludes. "Put that into practice with adding an additional layer onto your own body and you won't have to turn up the thermostat as high -- and thus heat more space than you're even occupying." Fairbanks Daily News-Miner SURVIVAL TIPS Phillip Henize: Don't cry, tears will freeze! Deanna `Oliver' Short: Remember the person in front of you, you know, the one going slower than you, is taking percautions for road conditions and so should you!!....pass them and do something stupid could cost you your life!..... remember it's all about layers, if it's cute it's not warm!.....and watch out for moose! 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Also, be sure to keep extra hats, gloves, boots, shovel, blankets, etc in your vehicle because they could save your life if you go into the ditch at -40. Finally, winter in Fairbanks is what you make of it. If you spend all of your time indoors and complaining about the cold, then it's not going to be enjoyable. But if you get out and take up some of the local winter activities (skiing, snowboarding, snowshoeing, hockey, fine arts, etc.), then it never seems so bad. Nancy DeWitt: Don't waste your money on cheap boots. Invest in the best. Proper insulation pays dividends A s first-time homeowners, my husband and I had a lot to learn. Our first lesson came in the form of a gas bill. It was $800 for the month of January. "How is that possible?" we asked. We had been very conservative with how much heat we used, even sleeping with extra blankets. So we took further action, determined to drive our gas bill lower. We only kept the heat on in our kids' rooms and proceeded to walk through the house bundled up for the month of February. Then the bill came for February: $750. What?! How could that be? We had done everything we could to use as It is more economical to set all of your thermostats to remain at the same temperature throughout the day and night. little gas as possible. We then contacted a heating and air conditioning company, which sent people to take a look. And so our first lesson in house owning began. First, it is more economical to set all of your thermostats to remain at the same temperature throughout the day and night. It is much more expensive to turn them off and then on again. OK, so they set our entire house to 68 degrees. Second, and this is the most important part, our attic was not insulated properly. So how should we go about doing this? There are three main types of insulation: batts, blown and sprayed. Batts are large pieces of insulation that hold together because they're made of long, interweaving fibers with adhesive binders. The two kinds of batts you're most likely to encounter are fiberPlease see INSULATE, Page 12 of Fairbanks In-home Shopping Service... WE BRING YOU THE BEST BRANDS Complimentary on-site consultation for busy customers. Budget Blinds has more energy efficient window coverings to choose from! 25% OFF Thru 11/30/12 Call DEBBIE for details 907-328-9926 Debbie Petersen, Owner or visit us online at www.budgetblinds.com/fairbanks 18401313-10-6-12WS 12 INSULATE: Earn back initial investment the gaps and giving you a good, complete layer of insulation. glass and cotton. In terms The third major type of of their insulating quality, insulation is spray foam. they're pretty much equivalent. The problem with batts This is the most expensive of the three. According to is that they don't cover the our contractor, it is the best entire space and are known at keeping the heat inside to leave gaps or spaces. The second type of insula- when it is cold outside and the hot air outside when the tion is blown. There are two weather is warmer. This type types of blown insulation, of insulation comes in spray fiberglass and cellulose. Celcans and is composed of lulose comes from recycled newspapers. Fiberglass comes resin and certain chemicals. When sprayed, the chemicals from sand. Whether you use cellulose or fiberglass, blown and resin create a foam that expands and solidifies in insulation is great at filling Continued from Page 11 Winter Survival Guide place. Now it was time to do some price investigating. We had three different contractors come over and give us price quotes. Naturally, we went with what seemed to be the least expensive while the most capable. We used the spray foam because in the end, we would save money, even though there was a significant cost upfront. On a Friday morning, three men from Poland came over and went to work. They took up the old wood planks that were in the attic and began filling the spaces. After about five hours, they were finished. My husband and I went up to the attic and saw the brand-new spray foam covering the floor of the attic. It looked and felt much better. So time went on, and we anxiously waited for our next gas bill. Finally, the envelope arrived. I quickly opened it. A huge smile formed on my face as I saw the total: $200 for the month. Wow, what a huge savings. And the following month, as spring came, it was $150. At this pace, we'll earn back our investment in insulation in no time. Fairbanks Daily News-Miner SURVIVAL TIPS Christina Moore: Add some kitty litter, a tampon, a screwdriver, water and an air compressor to your emergency road-side kit. Cat litter for traction if you get stuck. A tampon makes a great temporary tire plug for large hole in your tire: Take it out of the casing, use the screwdriver to plug the hole just like you would with a small tire plug (use the screwdriver in the middle of the plug and push in, leaving some on the outer side of the tire). Pour water on it to make it expand, and air up your tire! (I've done this before. It works surprisingly well) Megan Horton: You cannot fudge on tires here. Good winter tires are a must. Try to get out and stay busy. Lack of sunlight is a very real issue after a while to some. Remote start is a must-have if you have little ones; your fancy heated seats won't help their poor bums in frozen car seats! Keep plenty of warm extras and a few random other emergency supplies in the car just in case. Fred Klingener: Don't wear pierced earrings. Don't count on propane as backup heat. The first night at -50F, light a candle, step outside and watch. Powerful, portable and reliable, it delivers maximum output with minimum effort. Weighing 44 lbs. Fitted with Yamahas most technologically sophisticated muffler, its whisper quiet. And if you need extra juice, the EF2000iS has you covered � a convenient, parallel function lets you connect two generators to deliver up to 30 maximum amps. 3 year warranty. 18401680 10-6-12WS ALASKA FUN CENTER 1817 College Rd � Fairbanks � 907-452-3455 www.alaskafuncenter.com HOME WEATHERIZATION Renters and homeowners with low to moderate income may be eligible for thermal doors, windows, insulation, air-sealing, weather-stripping and heating system repair at absolutely no cost. Save money on your fuel and electric bills! The paperwork is extremely simple! The weatherization program provides weatherization work on houses, apartments, & mobile homes for qualified households. A household is automatically eligible if any household resident documents receipt of SSI, Energy Assistance (LIHEAP), ATAP, TANF, Senior Care Benefits, APA/IA or Food Stamps. Homes weatherized before April 2008, are eligible to be re-weatherized. Annual Income Guidelines Size Max. Income Denali Nenana Household FNSB Borough & Delta 1 $59,300 $68,500 $49,800 2 67,700 78,300 56,900 3 76,200 88,100 64,000 4 84,600 97,800 71,100 Call Interior Weatherization, Inc. today for details! 452-5323 or Long Distance 1-800-478-5323 713 15th Avenue Download application at: www.interiorwx.org 13402836-10-6-12WS EQUAL HOUSING OPPORTUNITY Funded by Alaska Housing Finance Corp., US Dept. of Energy, and the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) Saturday, October 6, 2012 Winter Survival Guide 13 SURVIVAL TIPS Amber Holliday-Stinnett: Don't leave anything in the car. Invest in booties for your pets. Have a backup plan in case your car is frozen. Keep backup supplies and water on hand at home. Plan for a backup heat source. Anna Maria K. Salinas: Don't let the whole day go by without seeing the sun, really. Even if it's for a few minutes, let that big orb hit your retinas for a minute. It'll help you mentally more than you think ;] Steve McGrogan: FYSA has a couple of sessions of youth soccer that go through the winter to keep kids busy! helps them fight the winter blues and gets them out of the house. Insole King: As tempting as it might be, DO NOT EAT YELLOW SNOW Tips for capturing a great aurora borealis photograph G etting a good aurora photo can be a challenge. It takes patience and skill. Where to turn for advice if you're new at aurora photography or want to improve at what you're doing? Here are some tips, which we published here in late 2010. The advice is as good today as it was then. � Check the aurora forecast at UAF's Geophysical Institute's website at www.gi.alaska. edu/AuroraForecast. Photo-worthy aurora is probably a level 3 (moderate) or higher. � Single-lens reflex (DSLR) cameras are the best way to get a good shot. They have the features that allow for better aurora photos. � ISO levels, shutter speed and lens width work off each other to produce a good photograph. ISO is the measurement of sensitivity to light. With higher ISO levels, a person can take photographs in darker areas. More sensitivity to light reduces the need for a long exposure. Long exposures capture more movement. Lens width will determine the span of the photograph's coverage. � Don't have a DSLR camera? You can try it with a point-and-shoot camera. You just have to try a bunch of different settings to see what works. John Hagen/News-Miner file photo With the Mushers Hall in the foreground, the aurora lights up the sky over Fairbanks. � Trying different exposure lengths gives different results. If the exposure is left on for 10 minutes, the picture's whole sky might be covered by the aurora, but you won't get the good definition of a shorter exposure. Starting at about one minute, long exposures can capture the movement of the stars across the sky. � Bundle up. Clear nights tend to be the coldest, and photography can be an inactive venture. 14 Winter Survival Guide Fairbanks Daily News-Miner SURVIVAL TIPS Natalie Ott Schuldt: My top advice: studded tires, washable wool long underwear, wool boot liners, start enjoying outdoor sports (no matter the temperature outside), and take up a fun and productive indoor hobby. For parents of young children- fun places to go and run around: Morris Thompson, UAF museum, Wood Center at UAF, Bounce and Play. Fred Meyer's free babysitting playplace is a lifesaver for a frazzled parent in dead of winter. Heather Curran Zimmerman: Remember to plug your car in when it's -10 or colder or you won't be going anywhere! Andrea Perry: Take vitamin D starting in November and continuing at least until February. Annie Duffy: Download one of the aurora forecast apps for your phone, iPad, etc., and make sure you see it for yourself as soon as possible. Angela Sorlie Benjamin: Always wear appropriate shoes/boots when you are in the car. Even if you are just going to be at the corner for the school bus stop. I once got stuck in the snow in our driveway after my son got on the bus, and I had to walk to the house in slippers. Learned lesson: you never know. Jacki Makinen: I love seeing the comments about if it's cheap or looks cool, it won't keep you warm. Winter gear is not about making a fashion statement, it is about making a life statement! If you can't find anything fashionable that you would wear, visit the Fur Factory. If you won't wear fur, move. Wes Tritt: Dress in layers. Pets need extra care in winter By REBA LEAN email@example.com � Originally published October 2010 ogs, cats and other pets face a difficult season. People who might be worried about whether or not their car will last through the cold or if their pipes will freeze should also consider their pets that normally spend time outdoors. Dr. Val Stuve at Aurora Animal Clinic can think of many issues pet owners face with winter approaching. Cats that normally spend a lot of time outdoors in the summer eating mice and voles should get checked for worms, and the same goes for dogs. Stuve said that there are new topical medicines that make it easy to remove parasites. Antifreeze for cars is a major attractant for animals; its sweet taste is hard to ignore but is extremely dangerous to consume. Pets can end up with kidney blockage, which is difficult to both diagnose and treat. Owners should be aware, especially if they're located farther away from town, that winter is trapping season. Animals that get caught in traps can have severe loss of circulation to their extremities, creating a huge risk of frostbite. Sometimes amputation is the only option. Outdoor dogs need adequate housing and extra nutrition. Stuve recommends that when checking a dog's weight by feeling its ribs, check without gloves on. "You should be able to barely feel the ribs," he said. If fingers can fit between the ribs, the dog is most likely malnourished. While outdoor pets are the major concern for pet owners, D See us at the Go Winter Show Oct 13 & 14, Carlson Center Space #110 Alaska Quality Insulators, Inc. Local owned since 1977 www.alaskaqualityinsulators.com 488-3832 email: firstname.lastname@example.org Now available thru Alaska Quality Insulators Help avoid a fire ... let's clean your chimney. Chimney Service Wood-burning, oil fired, dryer vent flues, and air duct cleaning. Professionally cleaned and repaired. Licensed, certified & insured. 16401309-10-6-12WS Firesafe Call for scheduling at 488-8944 www.firesafechimneys.com Visit us at the Winter Show at the Carlson Center www.canvasAK.com 2081 Van Horn Rd. #4 4557722 18402630-10-6-12WS (Across the street from Northern Power Sports) Please see PETS, Page 14 Saturday, October 6, 2012 Winter Survival Guide 15 SURVIVAL TIPS Magali Philip: Do not buy the 25-below rated boots. They are actually not even good at zero. Get the 40 below and you will start to get cold at 20 below! Stay away from cheap winter clothes brand but buy trusted brand. Buy local! Magali Philip: Sleeping bag or heavy blanket, headlamps, gloves and hand/foot warmer in your car! All the time! Rixa Evershed: A good attitude and a warm coat! Julie Robinson Beede: Stay at home moms with young children (5 and under) can join www. meetup.com/modmamas for regular playdates to get out of the house. Laura Minerva-Fields: Keep an emergency kit in your car with bunny boots, winter gear, jumper cables, a candle and lighter (to keep your hands warm) flares and a blanket! PETS: Care Continued from Page 14 Tracy Brand: Auto start and a garage Magali Philip: Lithium batteries for all your headlamps and other battery-operated things that Greg Musgrave: My advice is to move to Hawaii you take outside! ;) ...... Raymond C. Whitlow: Winter in Hawaii Alaska Phoenix: Have a candle and matches in the car. It can raise the temperature enough for you to stay alive while you are waiting for someone. Susy Loschiavo: Get out now while you still can!!! indoor pets need a little extra consideration in the winter months, as well. Fall is the best time to help the animals prepare for the real onslaught of cold. At Blue Ribbon Grooming in Fairbanks, Beverly May has winter preparation for pets down to a science. Nails tend to grow longer during the winter months, when the rocks and dirt that normally keep the length down have disappeared underneath snow. May advises pet owners to keep their pets' regular appointments with groomers. Giving an indoor or outdoor pet an extra thought this season could make it much more comfortable or even save its life. Many coldweather informational brochures are available at local veterinary offices. SUPER SAVINGS! CELEBRATING 50 YEARS! MT. AURORA/SKILAND 2012-13 EARLY BIRD DISCOUNT RATES Adults ..........................................$350 Students(7-17)/Military, College...$250 Seniors (60 & Older) ...................$250 SEASON PASSES ON SALE NOW! EARLY BIRD SEASON PASS FOR 12-13 SEASON DEADLINE IS November 1, 2012! TIRE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS DAILY TICKET RATES Adult(18+)...............................$30 Students(7-17)/Military,College. . .$25 Seniors (60 & over)..................$25 Child 6 and under. . .ALWAYS FREE (no other discounts apply) 10 Weathermaster S/T 2 18400564 10-6-12 % OFF 456-SNOW www.skiland.org Ski, Inc., 2315 Skiland Rd., Fairbanks, AK 99712 Phone: (907) 389-2314 � Fax: 389-2002 � email: email@example.com PAYMENTS MUST BE RECEIVED BY November 1, 2012 Please list name followed by pass type. Name(s): _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Address: ________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Phone: Home _______________ Work ___________________ ___ Adults at $350 each = __________ ___ College/Military (with ID) at $250 each = __________ ___ Student (7-17) at $250 each = _________ email: ___________________ ___ Seniors (60 & over) at $250 each = __________ TOTAL ENCLOSED = __________ Through October 31, 2012 COOPER WINTER TIRES Discoverer M+S Cushman at Van Horn � 452-7131 Limited to Stock on Hand 18400575 10-6-12 WS 16 Paid Advertising Content Fairbanks Daily News-Miner NOKIAN TIRES AVAILABLE IN FAIRBANKS AT METROPOLITAN GARAGE 455-7450 NORDIC SMART Located on the banks of the Nokia River, Nokian Tyres has been producing tires for a Nordic climate since 1904. In 1936 they produced the world's first snow tire, the Hakkapeliitta, and made coldweather climate history. Since then, Nokian has remained the worldwide leader in winter driving safety. Nokian's philosophy: Tires are the only things connecting you to the ground. And, as Interior Alaska knows, this close to the Arctic Circle there often is no ground. Tires are the only thing connecting you to ice and snow. Now at its new location: 3208 INTERNATIONAL STREET. their studded line of tread, Nokian responded by developing a lightweight carbide-titanium stud that lasts and grips, as well as satisfies DOT demands. HIGHER MPG The tire industry has developed a term known as "rolling resistance." Low rolling resistance translates to broad fuel savings over the life of a vehicle. In plain English, "rolling resistance" refers to the amount of energy it takes to smash a round piece of rubber flat for an instant, as a tire grips the road. This momentary deformation of the tire, and the amount of energy it requires, can be regulated with smart structural and material choices in tire design. The downside of creating a tire with low rolling resistance is that it focuses on getting rid of the connection between the tire and the road. Through creative chemistry, metallurgy and design, Nokian has developed the leading ice and snow tires with the most economic rolling resistance in the industry. FRICTION TIRES Getting good at the connection between vehicles, ice and snow has been Nokian's sole focus for over 70 years. Their line of tread includes "Friction" tires as well as studded tires. Friction tires (known as studless tires in the U.S.) were developed for the shoulder seasons of spring and fall when weather is often unpredictable. the cold, dark and ice. Their challenge isn't to find new markets, but to try and satisfy one very demanding clientele. Made in Finland, Nokian Tires are one of the few things made specifically for Fairbanks. See the research and full line of tires at www.nokiantyres.com, or visit www.metropolitangarage.com. Mitchell Expressway 30th Avenue Industrial Avenue Interior Womens Health Chinook Charter School Lathrop Street SERIOUS STUDS But when winter finally settles in, it is time to get real and carry some bite. Tire studs are serious Finnish business. When legislation instituted harsher restrictions on road wear in Europe, Nokian refused to hang up its cleats. Instead of abandoning NORDIC SMART Nokian has done one thing for over 70 years: Manufacture tires for people who live near the Arctic Circle. They have never branched out to find other markets. They are at home, much like Interior Alaska, in 3208 International Street METROPOLITAN GARAGE WWW.METROPOLITANGARAGE.COM SPECIALIZING IN SUBARU, TOYOTA AND HONDA REPAIR SINCE 1997 18401802 10-6-12 WS