Mills Quarterly summer 2012
Summer 2012 Mills College alumnae magazine
A preSident'S yeAr FAc u lt y r e S e A r c h r e v e A l e d AwArd -winning wordS Mills Quarterly Summer 2012 DNA of The dance M I L L S C O L L E G E A N N U A L F U N D Mills supports her academic and extracurricular endeavors. Her parents support Mills. Rose Sarinas-Wong '14 is a sophomore planning to double-major in French and economics. She is thrilled with the academic work she's doing at Mills and values the supportive relationships she has with faculty members and fellow students. This year, Rose founded a new student club to promote self-awareness and strength through martial arts and self-defense. R ose's parents, Priscilla Sarinas and Kim Wong, contribute to undergraduate student scholarships through the Mills College Annual Fund so other students are able to experience all the College has to offer. Priscilla says, "Mills is a jewel. The College has been such a source of happiness for Rose, and we want to share it. I think everyone should give according to their capacity and what is in their heart. A Mills education is unique, and it's worth investing in." Help expand students' access to education at Mills. Make your gift to the Mills College Annual Fund by calling 510.430.2366 or visiting www.mills.edu/giving. 5 Mills Quarterly 10 Summer 2012 5 Lessonsofmyfirstyearby Alecia A. DeCoudreaux 14 contents As she approaches her first anniversary as head of the College, President DeCoudreaux discusses the most noteworthy things she has learned about the Mills campus and community. 10 TheDNAofdanceby Ann Murphy The Mills Dance Department was founded on a code of experimentalism and innovation. Today, faculty and students continue to pursue a diverse and dynamic evolution of their art. 14 Inquiringmindsby Kate Rix Original academic research by three young professors enriches their disciplines and informs their classroom teaching. � Margaret Hunter describes the sociocultural implications of skin tone. � Martha Johnson explains food policy and political power in Africa. � Christie Chung discusses emotional memory in the aging brain. 32 Thewritestuffby Maya Weeks, MFA '12 Selected writings from the winner of this year's Mary Merritt Henry Prize for outstanding poetry by a graduate student. Departments 2 22 29 MillsMatters ClassNotes InMemoriam The Mills Quarterly has a new online look! Check out the iPad- and iPhone-compatible flipbook style on the Mills College alumnae community, alumnae.mills.edu/quarterly. On the cover: MolissaFenley'75 andPeilingKao,MFA'10,performed inLisserHallinFebruary.Photoby KurtLoeffler. Ps Mills Matters Mills faculty featured in Princeton Review's Best 300 Professors Mills College has two of the best professors in the country, according to The Princeton Review. Professor of Mathematics Zvezdelina Stankova and Professor of Anthropology Robert Anderson, MD, are featured in The Princeton Review's new publication, the Best 300 Professors. Selected for their teaching ability and accessibility, the final group of "best" professors constitutes less than .02 percent of the roughly 1.8 million postsecondary teachers across the United States. The impressive roster of top professors was determined using qualitative and quantitative data collected from college students by both The Princeton Review and RateMyProfessors.com. The Princeton Review notes how Stankova expects the best from students, pushing them to reach their potential and expand their skills and enabling them to solve mathematical problems with self-confidence and maturity. Editors of her profile also point out that, "If she can make her students as passionate about math as she is, then something's gone well." Anderson, who has been teaching at Mills for more than 51 years and is affectionately known as "Dr. Bob," is credited for being passionate about educating students and building genuine connections to help them succeed. The Princeton Review editors also note that according to Anderson, "the joy of being an anthropologist lies in the fact that we study people by living in a community." "We are pleased that the extraordinary commitment of two of our faculty members has been recognized with the welldeserved distinction of `best professor,'" says Mills Provost Sandra Greer. Zvezdelina Stankova You can name a scholarship at Mills College today! Pay tribute to those who inspire you while you open doors for Mills students With a gift of $5,000 or more to the Mills College Annual Fund by June 30, you can name an undergraduate scholarship or a graduate fellowship in honor or in memory of a family member, friend, professor, mentor, or organization. In the fall semester after you make your gift, the entire amount will be awarded to one student. Join with friends to name a scholarship Last fall, the Alumnae of Color Committee of the Alumnae Association of Mills College celebrated its 20th anniversary by creating the Alumnae of Color Scholarship in honor of President Alecia A. DeCoudreaux. As of May, they had exceeded their original $5,000 goal and raised more than $10,000! Their scholarship will make a tremendous difference in the life of a student. Create your named scholarship today Call 510.430.2366 or email email@example.com to find out how! Volunteers, including those pictured here, raised more than $10,000 for the Alumnae of Color Scholarship. Campus kudos A selection of recent achievements by faculty, staff, and students The staffoftheCampanil, Mills' student newspaper, took home four awards from the California Collegiate Media Association this year, earning top honors for the best personal opinions column, best arts and entertainment story, best arts and entertainment column/criticism, and best features-page design. DianaO'Hehir, professor emerita of English and founder of the Creative Writing Program at Mills, has completed a new book of poems. Walk Me to Schenectady is both a collection of elegies for O'Hehir's husband, Mel Fiske, and a work of art in itself: the fine letterpress clothbound edition was designed and produced at Arion Press in San Francisco and published by Depot Books in Mill Valley. The John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation has awarded RonNagle, professor emerita of art, with a 2012 fellowship in fine arts. These prestigious fellowships are bestowed to individuals in recognition of prior achievement and exceptional promise in a variety of fields. Professor of Psychology CarolGeorge led four symposia at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality Assessment in March; her book, The Adult Attachment Projective Picture System, was also published that month by Guilford Press. BarbaraLiSanti, professor of mathematics and computer science, has published With Cream and Sugar: An Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming in Java, with co-author Lydia Mann (BVT Publishing, 2012). Associate Professor of Chemistry KristinaFaul and a colleague from the University of the Pacific were awarded a two-year, $50,000 University of Southern California Sea Grant to study the role of small upstream reservoirs in trapping organic carbon, nutrients, and metals in the San Francisco Bay Area. One of their two test sites is the Leona Creek/Lake Aliso system at Mills. DaveKeeports, professor of chemistry and physics, presented papers at national meetings of the American Association of Physics Teachers in August 2011 and February 2012. Professor of French and Francophone Studies BrindaMehta gave the plenary address at the Arab Studies Symposium at Columbia University in February. She has also been named to the advisory board of the prestigious Proceedings of the Modern Language Association. Professor of Public Policy Carol Chetkovich spoke on "Social Movement Theory, Occupy Wall Street, and Social Change" at a conference of the Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and Voluntary Action, held in Toronto in November. Diana O'Hehir, Carol George, and Kristina Faul Cost-of-learning adjustment At its meeting in February, the Mills College Board of Trustees approved a modest rise in tuition and fees for the 2012�2013 academic year. Full-time undergraduate students will pay $38,850, an increase of 2.1 percent over last year. This is the lowest percent tuition increase at Mills since 1994 and is less than half of the average tuition increase--5.6 percent--at other Scientific American: More than 150 people attended a lecture by internationally recognized microbiologist Rita Colwell on April 17 in Littlefield Concert Hall. In this inaugural Russell Women in Science Lecture, Colwell described her ground-breaking research on the ecology, genetics, and transmission of the cholera bacteria. Before the lecture, Colwell met with science faculty and spoke with students over lunch about the challenges she has faced in her career as a woman scientist. The Russell Women in Science Lecture Series is made possible thanks to the generous support of former trustee Cristine Russell '71, pictured above left with (left to right) Colwell, President Alecia A. DeCoudreaux, and Provost Sandra C. Greer. California liberal arts colleges. Full-time graduate students at Mills will pay $28,850, which is a 2 percent increase. Meal plans will increase by 2.8 percent and housing by 2 percent, but efforts are being made to keep room and board prices low. The College is offering discounts on housing options for continuing undergraduate students based on the number of semesters the student has attended Mills, or a $500 discount per semester for graduate students. Summer 2012 3 w Gifts and grants support College goals Mills College gratefully acknowledges the following grant, gifts, and bequest distributions of $50,000 and more received between November 1, 2011, Volume XCX Number 4 (USPS 349-900) Summer 2012 President Alecia A. DeCoudreaux VicePresidentforInstitutional Advancement Cynthia Brandt Stover SeniorDirectorofCommunications Dawn Cunningham '85 ManagingEditor Linda Schmidt DesignandArtDirection Nancy Siller Wilson ContributingWriters Ann Murphy Kate Rix EditorialAssistance Allison Marin '12 The Mills Quarterly (USPS 349-900) is published quarterly by Mills College, 5000 MacArthur Blvd., Oakland, CA 94613. Periodicals postage paid at Oakland, California, and at additional mailing office(s). Postmaster: Send address changes to the Office of Institutional Advancement, Mills College, 5000 MacArthur Blvd., Oakland, CA 94613. Copyright � 2012, Mills College Address correspondence to the Mills Quarterly, Mills College, 5000 MacArthur Blvd., Oakland, CA 94613. Letters to the editor may be edited for clarity or length. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: 510.430.3312 Printed on recycled paper containing 10 percent post-consumer waste. and March 1, 2012. The Mills College School of Education has been awarded grant funding from the S. D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation for a new initiative to better prepare and motivate youth to engage in the democratic process. In partnership with the National Writing Project and the Oakland Unified School District, the grant will support improved digital media literacy and civic engagement across all district high schools. Professor Joseph Kahne and Ellen Middaugh, research director of the Civic Engagement Research Group of Mills College, will serve as co-principal investigators for the project. Jacklyn Davidson Burchill '44 and her husband, Philip, contributed to Mills' Greatest Need through the Mills College Annual Fund. Betty and Gordon Moore also lent their support to Mills' Greatest Need as well as to the Hellman Summer Science and Math Fellows Program. The College received a generous bequest distribution from the estate of Jean Carruthers Wilson '49 of San Anselmo, California, to support the F. W. Olin Library. Professor of Studio Art Hung Liu and her husband, Jeff Kelley, have created the Hung Liu Endowed Fellowship in Art, which will be granted every year in perpetuity to an outstanding entering first-year student in Mills' MFA Program in Studio Art. More than meets the eye: At first glance, Sylvia Sleigh's 1968 painting Lawrence and Susana Delgado in an Interior (oil on canvas, 48 x 72 inches) looks like a typical portrait of two figures. But according to Mills College Art Museum Director Stephanie Hanor in an interview with SF Weekly, a deeper look reveals multiple levels of social commentary. The man's exposed ankle hints at a vulnerability and objectification usually reserved for women in the long history of art. In addition, the painting intentionally portrays its subjects as equals, though Lawrence Alloway, an influential critic and curator at the Guggenheim Museum, almost surely wielded more power than the Argentinean printmaker Susana Delgado. The Mills College Art Museum received the painting for its permanent collection from the estate of Welsh-born feminist and figurative painter Sylvia Sleigh (1916�2010) because of the museum's long-standing commitment to supporting women artists and to training art historians. Mills students may see the painting "as an example of how artists can use their work to forward political views and question historical traditions in art," said Hanor. DeCoudreaux honored by Leadership California In recognition of her dedication to women's education and her 30-year career of leadership, President Alecia DeCoudreaux received the Trailblazer Award from Leadership California, a 20-year-old organization dedicated to advancing the leadership role women play in impacting business, social issues, and public policy across the state. DeCoudreaux was one of four honorees at the "Legacy of Leadership" awards ceremony in San Francisco on April 30. "It is an honor to receive the Trailblazer Award from Leadership California," said DeCoudreaux. "Throughout my corporate career, I have had tremendous respect for education. I believe my passion for and commitment to women's education, as well as my direct experience in the management of a women's college, will help me build on the successful legacy of Mills as a nationally recognized model for women's higher education." 4 M i l l s Q u a r t e r ly Lessons of my first year By Alecia A. DeCoudreaux When I began my role as president of Mills College last summer, I felt a strong identification with the entering Class of 2015. All of us, together, were embarking on a challenging and exciting experience that would introduce us to a world of new knowledge, broaden our perspectives, and enable us to find the inner resources necessary for our success. As we complete this academic year, I'm pleased to share the observations and lessons that I have found most valuable and remarkable during my first two semesters at Mills. Summer 2012 5 Campus connections: From left, President DeCoudreaux introduces a panel of speakers during Reunion 2011; on stage at Convocation moments before her inauguration ceremony; speaking with students who completed Oakland summer internships; with her husband, Jos� Andrade, and the Mills Cyclone; and during a special welcome event staged by students last September. 1 My greatest unexpected pleasure this year has been sitting in on classes. It has been a joy to see our faculty and our students in action, to see the faculty members come alive in front of the class, and to see the students recognize how their thinking can evolve over the course of an hour or a semester. At a ballet class taught by Professor Sonya Delwaide, I saw how much the students benefited from having a live accompanist who worked hand in hand with Sonya. In Professor Greg Tanaka's class in the School of Education, I sat in a fascinating small-group discussion between practicing teachers about how best to have conversations around race on campus. To prepare for English Professor Ajuan Mance's lesson on Zora Neal Hurston's Mules and Men, I did the assigned homework beforehand, so during the class I could appreciate how extremely well prepared the students were for the discussion. I even attended Maia Averett's math class on topology, but must admit I had a bit more trouble understanding this material! Being with students is always a pleasure--whether in or outside of the classroom--and seeing our faculty teach has been a great inspiration for me this year. 6 M i l l s Q u a r t e r ly 2 I have seen that one of the greatest points of distinction of the Mills faculty is their commitment to students. When I attend department meetings, I always hear faculty speak about what students are interested in and how to help students learn. The consistently student-centered nature of the conversations has deeply impressed me. It's clear that the faculty know their students--not just that they're able to call students by name, but that they are cultivating individual learning relationships with each one. In return, I have seen how committed Mills students are to their studies, even as they juggle classes with work and family and all their other activities. 3 Mills students are unique in their deep commitment to activism and social justice. There are some colleges where students think and talk about issues, but Mills students do something about the issues that are important to them. One of my early experiences on campus was attending student presentations on the summer internships they undertook to help build a stronger community in Oakland (see the winter 2012 Mills Quarterly). Their work strengthened educational opportunity for youth, provided mentorship, and helped maintain the city's cultural richness. Closer to home, students even protested near my front yard following some necessary, but painful, cuts to the campus budget and personnel last winter. At the same time, they were very respectful in the way they presented their anger and concerns, and the actions paved the way for meaningful dialog. Most recently, this year's graduating seniors focused their activism on fundraising for the College: as of Commencement on May 12, a very impressive 42 percent of the Class of 2012 contributed to the senior gift campaign, which will fund a scholarship at Mills. This result shows a great appreciation for their experiences here and an exceptional level of commitment to the College and to women's education. Mills students truly rise to a challenge and put their ideals into action. the kinds of experiences that will motivate students not only to stay through graduation but also to come back as alumnae after they've graduated. We've got to develop the relationships--both for residents and commuters--that bring students back as alumnae. That's how we will feed the future of the College. 5 We must continue to invest in the primary goals of the College: academic excellence and an outstanding student experience. While it is true that we need to make wise and careful choices about our use of resources, we remain committed to providing an exceptional undergraduate education for women as well as innovative graduate programs for women and men. We must maintain our tenure-track faculty positions and continue to provide the necessary support and services that our students rely on. In addition, I recognize the need for Mills to be competitive with other institutions in hiring new professors and in offering financial assistance to students who will benefit from the Mills experience. To that end, I have asked the members of my cabinet to think quite broadly about the strategic investments that will most effectively advance the College. For example, we could build on Mills' strong foundation in the sciences, particularly in view of the fact that we hear so much about the challenges women encounter in studying science at large universities. A place like Mills, with the close, supportive relationships that students have with their faculty, is a wonderful environment for young women to study science. But we also need to consider investments that go beyond specific academic programs, such as upgrading information technology on campus. In the fall, the College will begin a new strategic planning process, since our current strategic plan will then be in its final year. We will engage many voices in this conversation so that whatever plan we put in place takes into account the diverse concerns of the Mills community and merits broad support from all stakeholders. It will be an exciting opportunity for the community to come together once again and consider what choices can be made to steer Mills towards a strong and healthy future. Summer 2012 4 The most urgent issue facing Mills today is undoubtedly the challenge of balancing our budget. In September, I announced a significant budget shortfall and, since then, we have taken many steps to address it. I know these are unpleasant circumstances, but this challenge has spurred us to coalesce as a community around our shared commitment to this institution. Many people have expressed their support and their desire to help in any way they can. Three staff members offered to take additional furlough time, saying they wanted to do more to demonstrate their support. I am so proud of the way individuals have stepped up--and indeed, of the way the entire community has come together in the face of this challenge. This has been extraordinary. Improving our enrollment numbers is a critical piece in solving our budget issues. We're currently conducting a national search for a vice president for enrollment management who will play a leading role in this effort. It is also important to attract more students to the residential options available on campus, both to help with the College's financial stability and to create a stronger sense of belonging among students. This is just one of 7 6 Alumnae will help us propel the College into the future. Meeting alumnae at events around the world this year has been another one of the great pleasures of my first year as president. From Boston to Hong Kong, it has been wonderful to walk into a room and feel the energy of Mills alumnae. At all of these gatherings, I've asked alumnae to tell me what they value most about Mills. I've found that as diverse and opinionated as Mills alumnae are, they value many of the same things, such as the independent thinking skills that they developed at the College, close relationships with professors, the experience of "finding their voices" here, and the friendships they made. (A report on these common themes appears at right.) Furthermore, alumnae want to make sure that current and future students enjoy the same kind of educational experience that they did. At each event, I also felt the excitement that our alumnae have about being with one another and heard many express the desire to come together more often. Re-engaging alumnae with one another and with the College is critical to Mills' future. If more alumnae were to network with each other and with current students, to volunteer, and to make regular gifts, I'm confident that we can preserve those qualities that alumnae most value about Mills and continue to meet the evolving educational needs of our students. Learning from alumnae Since October, more than 600 alumnae and friends enjoyed the opportunity to meet President Alecia DeCoudreaux at 18 events across the United States and in Hong Kong. At each event, the President invited attendees to participate in a conversation about two key questions. Here is an overview of their responses. What do you value about Mills? At almost every event, alumnae proudly repeated the refrain, "I found my voice at Mills!" Mills shapes women into "independent and fierce thinkers," said one alumna, a theme that many others echoed: "I learned to think for myself," "to stand my ground," "to not be afraid of taking risks." These qualities have practical value for careers and the community: "I stand out significantly among my peers in the workplace; I am valued for my ability to speak my mind and say what others won't." In addition, "Mills gave me the courage to be an activist," "to make a difference in the larger community," and "to give back through public service." Despite being made up of such fierce thinkers, the Mills community is remembered as "welcoming" and "supportive." Alumnae value the "physical beauty of the campus" and are most appreciative of the "caring," "family-like relationships" they found as students. Classmates have become "life-long friends" and professors have continued to be "my mentors to this day." Alumnae also value the small class sizes that make such relationships possible as well as the role of faculty in creating this environment: "they encouraged cooperation over competition." Alumnae said they benefited from the rigorous academic standards to which their professors held them. "The faculty really pushed me to work harder and be the best I could be," explained a grateful alumna. Another recalled "teachers who encouraged me to resubmit poorly drafted papers until they weren't just better but excellent." Among academic disciplines, the fine arts were most often mentioned as high points of the Mills experience. A number of alumnae also expressed appreciation for the scholarship support they received from the College. The College "opened doors," said many alumnae. "Mills gave me the opportunity to broaden my vision of what was possible," one explained. The liberal arts at Mills "taught me to think critically" and "encouraged creativity"; they also provided "strong preparation for graduate school" and "to compete in the job market." Another ingredient of the mindbroadening Mills experience valued by alumnae is the community's diversity of race, geographic origin, nationality, 7 The greatest skills I have relied on this year have been patience and listening. I am learning a great deal from many different people in many different venues, from alumnae events to faculty meetings to my open office hours on campus. To be certain that I truly understand what each person is saying to me�to understand the implications of their word choices--I have had to listen more carefully than I have ever listened before. 8 Finally, I have learned that Mills is indeed a very special place. Many people told me so during my interviews for the position of president and throughout my first few months of visiting the campus. At the end of my first year in office, I now understand this statement in a much more personal way. As I've listened to alumnae and other donors tell me why they value Mills, as I've watched professors in action in the classroom, as I've heard out the concerns of students, and as I've worked side-by-side with trustees and my staff colleagues, one quality in particular stands out for me: the amazing level of commitment people have to Mills and to each other. I see this in the enthusiasm alumnae bring when they come together and talk about the future of the College, in professors' love of teaching, in students' passion for making a difference in the world, in all the ways our trustees, volunteers, and staff go the extra mile for Mills. This, to me, says a lot about the strength of this community and the potential to build an even stronger College. I have felt warmly welcomed into the Mills community from the start. But now I know how truly privileged I am to be serving this College as president. 8 M i l l s Q u a r t e r ly Faces and places: The President heard from more than 600 alumnae at receptions held throughout the country this past year, including (from top left) Cynthia Jackson Cummings '88, who described what she values about Mills at a meeting in Oakland. Other alumnae who attended such meetings are Ellen McDaniels Sanford '88 and Helen Drake Muirhead '58 in San Francisco; Karen Kang '76 in Palo Alto, California; (row 2) Laura Custard Hurt '93 and Linda Pitts Custard '60, along with Mary Lois Hudson Sweatt '60, MA '62, in Dallas; Gertrude Fleischmann Gibbs '40 in Portland, Oregon; (row 3) Betty Chu Wo '46 in Honolulu; Marilyn Morris Campbell '54, Ginnie Dobbins Chappelle '54, and Gretchen FitzGerald Chesley '68 in Seattle; and Marilyn Blinn Blen '88, who presented a shirt designed during the Strike of 1990 to the President. DeCoudreaux has also visited alumnae groups in Chicago, Monterey, San Diego, Los Angeles, New York, Boston, Walnut Creek, Hong Kong, Oakland, Washington DC, Mountain View (California), Irvine, and Denver in her inaugural year as the leader of Mills College. and age, which creates "the opportunity to hear different voices." Finally, alumnae at almost every event voiced deep appreciation for the "power of a women-only education" where "women role models" and a "sense of sisterhood" lead to "women's lifelong learning and success." spoke with pride of their role as class agents in raising annual fund donations. "Wonderful, empowering feelings accrue when one gives a financial gift to support the College," explained an alumna who asserted that giving "is part of being a woman who understands the role of financial responsibility in our lives." Another common thread is the desire to become more active in regional alumnae clubs and networks. "I feel re-engaged!" said many. Other alumnae would like to connect with the Alumnae Association of Mills College; serve on committees; register with the online alumnae community, alumnae.mills.edu; keep informed about the College through email and the Mills Quarterly; and watch more online video of classes and College events. "College does not stop after graduation," said one. "I would love to help out in whatever I can do to bring other alumnae `back home' to Mills." To learn more about ways to come "back home" to Mills, contact Alumnae Relations at 510.430.2123 or visit alumnae.mills.edu. Summer 2012 How do you want to participate in the College's future? Alumnae expressed enthusiasm for helping with student recruitment, including international recruitment. One said, "I speak well of Mills when I hear young women talk about looking for colleges; I had a good experience at Mills and I wish the same for others." They also expressed strong interest in student mentoring and networking. The importance of giving to the College--especially to support scholarships--was emphasized at every event. Alumnae cited the need to "create a stronger culture of giving back to Mills"; several 9 The DNA of dance I f there are genetic codes Collaboration and experimentation are the building blocks for an astounding evolution of art By Ann Murphy Photos by Kurt Loeffler for college depart- ments, then Mills College Dance Department DNA was encoded more than 70 years ago, when visionary choreographer, educator, scholar, and filmmaker Marian Van Tuyl arrived from the University of Chicago. She plucked classes out of physical education and placed them into the Division of Fine Arts and, with this bold move, defined the actions of the moving body as worthy of the kind of study previously reserved for "high art." But Van Tuyl didn't rest there. She understood, as few in the field at the time did, that dance is capacious, and that all dances, like all people, are worthy of attention and study. Before long she defined Mills as a vital hub of dance diversity, mastery, thought, and experimentation. In the intervening years, innumerable changes have swept through the department as well as the field. Faculty and department heads have come and gone, dance language has constantly morphed, even dancewear itself has radically changed from thick cotton and wool leotards and tights 10 M i l l s Q u a r t e r ly to body-hugging second skins made of nylon. The motifs and concerns so critical to those early days, such as the torso's contraction and release or the portrayal of archetypal figures from literature and legend, are now often hidden among hybrid influences, if they appear at all. The curriculum has evolved to encompass theater arts classes, including acting fundamentals and costume design, and technology that allows for live video feeds in performance. But these changes haven't altered Van Tuyl's founding code, because what she envisioned and then brilliantly built was an evolving formula that subscribed to John Dewey's conception of art as a social phenomenon. She believed that "every good dance has social significance . . . being `a thing of action, possessed of form.'" In her personal papers, now housed in the Special Collections of Mills' F. W. Olin Library, she explains that a dance or a department is modern because "it subtracts certain elements from the total scale of possibilities . . . leaving a structural configuration which we recognize as of our time." Today, with a faculty committed to aesthetic and cultural diversity and interdisciplinary collaboration, that formula is leading to exciting innovations that harken back to the department's founding while continually moving forward. "When you think of innovation, it's not that something is wholly new," explains Associate Professor of Dance Sonya Delwaide, who has been on faculty for nine years and helped maintain and vitalize the department's commitment to experimentation. "To be innovative you need to be creative all the time--and to recreate with that which you have already created. It's the day-to-day innovation that matters," she says. "It's about not sitting in your chair." Such experimentation was on display this spring, when dance faculty got out of their chairs to conduct a joint seminar with the Bodies in motion: JudeneSmall,left,performsattheMFAdance concertinApril.MarianVanTuylinthe1940sandCuauhtemoc Perandain2012(above);AlexandraMichel,ElizabethMorales, NatalyMorales,AdaLangley,AlanaGiannatto-Ortiz,andAshley Ramirez(right).Nextpage:Alsoappearinginthe2012MFAconcert wereKristinTorok;CarlyBoland;JudeneSmall,DeannaBangs, CaitlinSavage,andAshleyYee. MFA programs in creative writing. They began in Haas Pavilion Studio 117, where Associate Professor Molissa Fenley '75 and Peiling Kao, MFA '10, demonstrated excerpts of Fenley's spare, poetic dance, while the students responded in writing. Next, the poets and fiction writers reacted to dance film clips, writing collectively within the dictates of a distinct writing genre--from news to science fiction. What resulted was a rich text collage evocative of far more than the dance alone. "Over the years we've been trying to keep as much collaboration as possible going with the Music Department. Now we're working with visual arts and creative writing," says Fenley, who notes that Van Tuyl herself launched similar relationships with nationally recognized artists--including choreographer Merce Cunningham, composer John Cage, and photographer Imogen Cunningham--as well as with faculty members such as Professor Arch Lauterer, who was skilled in set and lighting design, and composers Darius Milhaud, Lou Harrison, and Henry Cowell. This summer, Fenley embarks on a project with photographer and Professor of Studio Art Catherine Wagner and is already spearheading an October celebration at the College of renowned Mills composer Pauline Oliveros, one of the leading avant-garde musicians of the 20th century (see sidebar, page 12). Collaboration finds further expression in ongoing partnerships with external arts and education organizations. For example, Patricia Reedy '80, MA '00, director of Luna Dance Institute, Summer 2012 11 joins the department every year as an adjunct to teach pedagogy and place Mills dance students in local schools as apprentice teachers. Other alumnae bring their high school students to campus to learn and view performances, while during National Dance Week in April, people from the community are invited to classes in the Mills dance studios. The department has also expanded to include acting classes through a partnership with Berkeley Repertory Theater and has become the home base for a renascent Oakland Ballet. These and other collaborations break down barriers between disciplines, departments, schools, and geographical locations, and encourage Mills dance students to see themselves in fluid relationship with the community. Collaborations are also a locus of invention and sharing and, often, a source of magic and surprise. Yes We Canfield! AdanceeventinhonorofPaulineOliveros Pauline Oliveros turns 80 this year. To honor her, the Fine Arts Division will mount Event with Canfield, a site-specific work using elements of Merce Cunningham's dance, Canfield, as it was performed by the Merce Cunningham Dance Company at the opening of Mills' Haas Pavilion in 1971. Mills dancers will be accompanied by professors from the Music Department, who will interpret a madcap score by Oliveros, originally commissioned by Cunningham. The score, In Memoriam: Nikola Tesla, Cosmic Engineer, calls for the musicians to roam Haas Pavilion with oscillators and walkietalkies in order to discover the resonant frequency of the venue. Former Cunningham dancer and visiting artist Holley Farmer will set and oversee the production. The Art Department will recreate the lighting design of the first performance of Canfield, based on drawings by conceptual artist Robert Morris. Earlier in the week, Oliveros and her collaborator, Carol Ione, will lead workshops on Deep Listening and Listening to Dreams on campus. artists and scholars who make experimentation their lifeblood because, she believes, the most meaningful innovation arises from a ground of artistic mastery. The impact on the students of such mastery is significant, she says, because "students are then learning from highly skilled people who are in constant touch with the art's developments and who are pushing themselves to respond to those shifts. They are then able to bring those impulses into the classroom." But the students aren't the only beneficiaries. Faculty members interact to discover ways in which their differences can foment creativity in the classroom, in the department at large, and in their own work. Visiting Artist Shinichi Iova-Koga, for example, has asked his Mills colleagues to take turns coming to rehearsals to "wreck" his work--pulling it apart and reconfiguring the parts-- in order to inject the unforeseen into the pattern and shake up his own dancemaking habits. It is one version of a vibrant model that prompts everyone to push his or her own limits and to value failure as much as success and questions over answers. With this example before her, the student ballerina who studies dancehall I n h e r year s as h ead of t h e de part m e nt , Delwaide has never forgotten the importance of invention to dance making. She has nurtured a faculty of accomplished 12 M i l l s Q u a r t e r ly or the Graham dancer who plunges into hula comes to understand that she isn't going to lose what she loves; she is going to challenge, question, and expand it. "I don't know what art is without experimentation," says Fenley, who continues to create and perform widely with her own company. Much of Fenley's work reveals deep Yoruban dance and music influences absorbed during her childhood in Nigeria that are, in turn, fused with modern dance forms she acquired as an undergraduate at Mills. "In the Mills Dance Department, this tenet is quite pronounced; we acknowledge experimentation and give it a name." In such a climate it becomes unexceptional for students to create sound compositions as they choreograph a group dance, or to bring voice and drama into an assignment. In one of Fenley's courses, students take concepts central in the work of a visual artist like Cindy Sherman or Vincent Van Gogh and translate them into solo work. In criticism and theory class, they view live dance performances then write news reviews, poetic responses, and theory-driven analyses, probing how writing genres alter the focus and tone of the dance conversation. In general, it is these kinds of hybrid discourses both in the studio and in the classroom that prompt students to grow exponentially as artists and to evolve into intensely inquisitive, eloquent, and thoughtful citizens. Perhaps nowhere are the results of that process more graphic and exciting than when graduating MFA candidates present their concert work. This year, on a Friday night late in April, the rich aesthetic and movement diversity of Mills' small cadre of student dancers demonstrated the outcome of multiple points of collaboration and experimentation. A small army of students ran the show featuring 14 dance graduate students, a halfdozen undergraduates, composers from the MFA programs in music, and several videographers. In the plaza outside Lisser Hall, about 100 people were invited to gather in a large circle, standing shoulder-to-shoulder, facing inward, and slowly rotating clockwise. Cuauhtemoc Peranda, MFA '12, entered the ring and began his solo to the sound of electric pow-wow, weaving together motions from the round dance, the gestural language of voguing, and abstractions of Aztec Huitzuilopochtli or hummingbird dance. Having come to Mills two years ago directly out of Stanford, where he majored in chemistry, Peranda also incorporated dance vocabularies that included extensions and curves of Merce Cunningham's angular technique and classical ballet steps. From this mix, he devised his own hybrid language that celebrated multiple cultures and temporal realities. When Kristin Torok, MFA '12, took to the stage, her only visible partner was a chunk of styrofoam that seemed as hard for her to budge as Sisyphus' massive rock. Her invisible partner was yet more formidable: each time Torok conjured up enough existential will to shove the boulder into the abyss beyond the back curtain, some inexorable force hurled it back onstage. Again and again, the trial continued until at last she ignored the rules of this absurd universe, effortlessly picked up the burden, and walked off as the front curtain came down. Ada Langley, MFA '12, a gifted costume designer who grew up in Tennessee, took inspiration from early 20th century German expressive dance and applied cartographic concepts of space in order to invest direction and location with symbolic, not simply utilitarian, significance. Caitlin Savage, MFA '12, a burlesque dancer in her spare time, explored gender identity with pathos and irony. Carly Boland, MFA '12, explored family tragedy and endurance, while Elizabeth Morales, MFA '12, drew out the correspondences between dance and architecture. Judene Small, MFA '12, meanwhile, merged her experience of Jamaican dancehall and abstract modern dance into a complex whole. When Van Tuyl came to Mills more than 70 years ago, she spliced creative ferment into the department's DNA, expressed through an ethos of openness, courage, and innovation. Today, each Mills dancer keeps that legacy alive as they blend genres, create modern rituals, and open themselves to the new and unknown, pouring intelligence and eloquence into physical expression. Every day they explore an art form that puts the soul as well as the body on the line and, as they do, they never stop searching for an apt understanding of dance in our time. Ann Murphy is a nationally known dance critic and writer trained in both ballet and modern dance. An assistant professor of dance at Mills, she teaches dance history, theory, criticism, and dance theater and will head the department in fall 2012. She and Molissa Fenley have recently completed "Rhythm Field: The Dance of Molissa Fenley," a book profiling the artist's 35-year career. Summer 2012 13 14 M i l l s Q u a r t e r ly Inquiring minds Research projects by three professors challenge the status quo By Kate Rix Photos by Dana Davis From the lecture hall to the seminar room, Mills professors are known for their great teaching, but they're also deeply engaged in research that enriches their field and student experience. Some of the freshest scholarly work happens all across the Mills campus, adding new dimensions to the College's already robust academic culture. We recently sat down for conversations with three young faculty members and asked them to describe their research focus, their studies before Mills, and what excites them about their work. It came as no surprise that each of these women conducts research that challenges the status quo within their disciplines. Each has undertaken pioneering lines of inquiry that leave no assumption unexamined and often fly in the face of conventional thinking. Margaret Hunter, associate professor of sociology, looks at the tangible benefits of lighter skin and Caucasian facial features in the global market. Along with examining issues of gender and race, Hunter has also published cutting-edge research on the sociology of hip-hop culture and serves as a peer reviewer for nearly a dozen academic journals. Martha Johnson, assistant professor of government, focuses on Africa and the continent's complex policies related to food and agriculture. Combining her extensive field research and data analysis, she has discovered surprising trends: rather than being dictated by foreign governments, international agencies, and entrenched systems of favoritism, African democracies are far more independent and responsive to citizen lobbying than previous studies suggest. Finally, Associate Professor of Psychology Christie Chung shared results of her studies on the changes in emotional memory that take place with aging. Chung, who has taught previously at Claremont Graduate University and California State University at Fullerton, involves her students directly in research studies and has listed two Mills students as co-authors on published papers. � is tock photo.coM/ tja sa Zurga The relevant and insightful studies by these professors is the heart of the vital teaching and research at Mills. Inquiry such as theirs is taking scholarship to another level, a deeper level, where humanism and the intrinsic value of critical thinking thrive. Summer 2012 15 Pale by comparison Margaret Hunter on skin tone and privilege There's an expression: The darker the berry, the sweeter the juice. It can mean that things get better with age--the riper, the better--or that it's what's on the inside that counts. Or it can be a compliment about the beauty of dark skin. Margaret Hunter offers this expression as an exception to the rule in our society. It's an anomaly, she says, for darker to be more desirable. In general, it's quite the opposite. Hunter came to Mills in 2007 and is now head of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology and holder of the Edward Hohfeld Chair. As a mixed-race person, she wanted to understand the dynamics of skin tone--specifically the benefits that light skin and Anglo facial features confer--and has integrated that inquiry into her sociological research on gender and race relations. "Lighter-skinned people of color enjoy privileges that darkskinned people of color do not," Hunter says. "We know this because we see such different outcomes for people of color based on skin tone." In college she worked on a project studying skin color stratification for African Americans in schools. While in graduate school at UCLA, she expanded her work to compare skin tone in the Latina population of Southern California. In one study, she found that of women of color with similar family backgrounds who have the same level of education and live in similar types of cities, the lighter-skinned women earn about $6,000 more a year than the darker-skinned women. "I was surprised myself," she says. "Everyone senses that it's true, but these statistics quantified that understanding." Her findings dovetail with work by other researchers that shows that lighter-skinned men of color receive more lenient prison sentences than darker-skinned men for similar crimes. And the list goes on: Lighter-skinned people achieve more years of education, marry higher-educated spouses, and live in more integrated neighborhoods. They also suffer from less depression and have higher self-esteem. Hunter's research has found links between skin tone and what a potential employer or teacher might call a "cue of competency." Lighter skinned people are more associated with qualities like ability, intelligence, and kindness. As one example, she asserts that teachers are more likely to send darkskinned children to the principal's office. "Light skin is a form of social capital," she says. "In our society there is discrimination against darker skin even within racial groups." This work has evolved into a broader look at the concept of beauty as an investment. Women spend mightily on their "Light skin is a form of social capital. In our society there is discrimination against darker skin even within racial groups." 16 M i l l s Q u a r t e r ly "Skin tone is connected to status and labor," Hunter says. "In former colonies, people may be trying to look like the group who was in charge." Another major point of inquiry in Hunter's work brings a fresh, scholarly examination of the ways that race, gender, and conspicuous consumption intersect in the media of the hip-hop movement. Her course on the sociology of hip-hop looks at the roots of the movement and its trajectory into a multi-billion dollar music industry. "I grew up on early hip-hop," she says, "which grew out of the end of the civil rights movement and the divestment of public services in the 1980s." Race and gender representation in hiphop music have always been problematic, she notes, but with huge commercial success certain themes have surfaced, particularly in music videos, invoking imagery from strip clubs and pornography. "The `rap lifestyle,' marketed to consumMargaret Hunter ers through multiple media outlets, focuses on the consumption of designer clothes, jewelry, cars, and liquor, often sold by the rap moguls' companies," Hunter wrote in appearances because they expect a return on their money spent. They're more likely to get that return, Hunter argues, if they invest in plastic surgery, hair straightening, and skin lightening products. The global marketplace favors Caucasian features, Hunter argues, and around the world people of color will go to great lengths to make themselves look whiter. Creams that actually bleach the skin are less common in the United States, largely because the FDA does not approve their active ingredients--some of which can potentially damage organs or cause cancer--but in India, Latin America, and Japan, the market is exploding. By 2015 the global market is expected to reach $10 billion, due in part to a growing market for products aimed at men. (In India one of the most popular products is "Fair & Lovely," which has a companion product for men called "Fair & Handsome.") an article published last year in Sociological Perspectives. "Rap music videos advertise these products, as well as the consumption of women of colors' sexual performances." Some of the world's wealthiest entertainers are successful hip-hop artists. Some, including Snoop Dogg, even produce their own porn videos. "They are shot drawing from the conventions of porn," Hunter says. "He's called the host and he's surrounded by a cadre of scantily clad women." These videos are extremely lucrative--so much so that Forbes magazine features the "Cash Kings" list, an annual accounting of hip-hop's top earners. "This rap culture isn't the only expression of hip-hop today, but it's the most popular and has edged out much of the diversity of earlier hip-hop," Hunter says. "The more violent and crazy and outrageous, the better. Everybody seems to like things that are over-the-top." Summer 2012 17 A chicken in every pot Martha Johnson on food policy and political power in Africa In the academic field of African studies, African governments are commonly described as corrupt and motivated by patronage. Martha Johnson's research looks at the exceptions to that rule. An assistant professor of government at Mills since 2010, Johnson's work examines African continental politics on several levels, but most extensively focuses on food policy. In particular, she studies the ways that West African governments have responded to increased imports of food from the United States and Europe into Senegal, Ghana, and Cameroon. By comparing these three countries, Johnson's research reveals shifting incentives and sources of political influence. "So much of what is written about African policy describes it as being dictated by outside countries and international agencies," Johnson says. "In fact, the cases I studied looked a lot like politics in any developed country." Since the mid-1990s, West African countries have experienced major surges in food imports. Many food staples entered the region from Europe and the United States at such a high rate that domestic food producers couldn't compete. Imported chicken, onions, rice, wheat, powdered milk, vegetable oil, and tomato paste filled marketplaces at prices African consumers couldn't refuse. In some communities, imports began to replace local products and undermine domestic food production. Johnson has examined how West African governments responded to the import surges and, more specifically, to demands for stricter trade policies from domestic producers. Rather than following the narrative of past research of African politics, Johnson's analysis reveals an ideological shift in Africa itself. Martha Johnson 18 M i l l s Q u a r t e r ly Each of the three countries she studied demonstrated a high degree of trade independence; each governement was motivated not by patronage or outside pressure, but by citizen lobbying. In Ghana, farmers went directly to the government to push for a new tax on imported chicken. In Cameroon, farmers developed a media campaign to convince consumers that imported chicken was dangerous to eat. Senegalese poultry producers took this strategy a step further, lobbying their government to enforce the "cold chain" of refrigeration requirements. These inspections were so cumbersome and expensive that imported chicken disappeared from the Senegalese market for a brief period. in North African politics. As a graduate student in political science at Berkeley, she worked with political science professors David Leonard and Leonardo Arriola and spent time in both Senegal and Burkina Faso as a research associate with the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. She continues to collaborate with Arriola in an ongoing survey of female political leaders in Africa. By combing through a massive data set drawn from 47 countries between 1975 and 2005, Johnson and Arriola are determining the conditions that make a country more likely to have women in executive governmental posts. "The true measure of political worth in African pol- "Much of what is written about African policy describes it as being dictated by outside countries and international agencies. In fact, the cases I studied looked a lot like politics in any developed country." "I was surprised to find that these changes did not come from the outside," Johnson says. "There is in fact a larger shift taking place in a growing number of Africa's countries that looks different from the colonial model. Senegal and Ghana have been democratic for a while. People in those countries talk about median voters and public opinion. Cameroon is more authoritarian, but even they were responsive to lobbying by the public." Across the region, West African chicken farmers organized and conducted trainings in how to lobby government and do public relations. They also coordinated with political activist groups in Europe. Democracy, especially in Senegal and Ghana, is mature enough at this point to foster this type of citizen initiative, Johnson says. She published the results of this research late last year in the Journal of Modern Africa Studies and is developing a book that builds on her work comparing the lobbying strategies of West African farmers. Johnson first became interested in Africa as an undergraduate at Smith College, where she worked closely with a government professor who specialized itics is becoming a minister," Johnson says. "Members of parliament are elected, but they just provide a rubber stamp. Ministers are appointed. This study will measure women's political influence." Becoming a minister requires a level of political acumen typically reserved for men in African countries. Ministers generally act as agents on behalf of presidents, working in the home districts to bring in votes. The process of cementing and maintaining district power is highly fraternal, and female politicians have typically struggled to compete for power. Women can achieve a certain level of political momentum and clout, but they come up against ageold customs that reward bosses, brokers, and "big men" with political posts in exchange for services and favors. The only exception, Johnson says, are countries that have committed to maintaining a certain quota of women in governmental leadership. "It doesn't matter how wealthy a country is, or how literate its female population may be," Johnson says. "What does seem to have a political effect is whether the country has a quota to guarantee more women in legislature." Summer 2012 19 The persistence of memory Christie Chung on aging and cognition Whether you're likely to describe gray hair as distinguished or dowdy, the changes to our bodies and brains as we age are inevitable. Some would even say depressing. But there's one change we can look forward to. Research shows that as we get older we experience fewer negative emotions. It's not that we don't retain sad memories; we simply choose not to retrieve them. The phenomenon is called the positivity effect. "Older people do tend to regulate their emotions better," says Associate Professor of Psychology Christie Chung. "The brain shrinks and there is some loss in short term memory. Perhaps we don't want to use those limited resources to remember negative things." Chung, who joined Mills faculty in 2007 and directs the Mills Cognition Laboratory, studies changes in emotional memory throughout aging. Her research is now focused on asking, Does this effect exist across cultures, and does it influence an older person's attitude about aging itself? Collaborating with student research assistants to select test participants, conduct interviews, and process results, Chung has interviewed older adults in the United States, China, Hong Kong, and Afghanistan, and has found that the positivity effect is widespread, but not universal. Her two most recently published scholarly articles were co-written with student researchers from the Mills Cognition Lab. This year, the International Journal of Aging and Human Development is publishing "A Cross-Cultural Examination of the Positivity Effect in Memory: U.S. vs. China," which Chung co-authored with Ziyong Lin '12. Another research assistant, Frishta Sharifi '08, traveled to Afghanistan to interview elders. Sharifi's first surprise was that she was not able to find many adults over the age of 70. The second was that she found no positivity effect at all among those interviewed. "It was very sad. The war likely affected older adults' Christie Chung way of processing emotional memory," Chung says of the Afghani subjects. 20 M i l l s Q u a r t e r ly Their comparative work has revealed other differences. Older adults in both the United States and China clearly demonstrated the positivity effect in the types of memories they recalled, but their shared positivity didn't extend to their attitudes about aging. When asked to give five words or phrases to describe the changes that take place as we age, American adults used negative terms. Chinese older adults used more positive words like "wisdom" and "helping others." Not only was their outlook on aging significantly rosier, they also recalled less negative information. with them," she says, "yet they were surprisingly similar to older adults born in the United States." Chung became interested in memory while studying cognitive psychology at the University of Toronto, where her thesis advisor was Professor Lynn Hasher. Hasher developed the Inhibition Deficit Theory, which proposes that as we age we aren't as good at regulating which information enters our working memory, making us more distractable. Chung's interest in aging and memory was also spurred by her own grandfather's struggle with memory loss. "My grandfather was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease and spent the last few years of his life in a nursing home in Hong Kong," Chung says. "I wanted to learn more about cognitive aging so that I could understand the reasons for his sufferings. Due to some of his experiences, I was also determined to someday examine the cross-cultural effects of aging." She completed her graduate work at Claremont Graduate University and post-doctoral research at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and now teaches courses in the fundamentals of psychology, statistics, and cognitive psychology at Mills. She is also a frequent speaker at College and alumnae events and has presented her research at conferences of the American Psychological Association, the International Neuropsychological Society, and others. For all of the nuanced ways that older people struggle to keep their brain capacity strong and robust, there "My grandfather was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease. I wanted to learn more about cognitive aging so that I could understand the reasons for his sufferings. I was also determined to examine the cross-cultural effects of aging." "This shows that cultural differences do make a difference in cognitive processing of information," Chung says. Interestingly, her work also found that ChineseAmerican immigrant elders have a negative view of aging, reflecting western culture, even if they live exclusively with other Chinese-American immigrants. The attitudes of a person's current geographical location, Chung says, is a much bigger factor in determining a person's attitude about growing old than researchers expected. "You would expect that immigrants who have just come here from China would bring their attitudes are also some real physiological benefits to a few more candles on the birthday cake, Chung adds. As the brain ages, it shrinks--but not uniformly. The hippocampus, a part of the brain that is involved in forming and storing memory, doesn't shrink much. Neither does the amygdala, which processes emotion. "Older adults can remember bigger vocabularies than younger people. Our semantic memory increases as we grow older," Chung says. "Our memory function does change, but those changes may not be as big as people used to think." Summer 2012 21 Wynetta left a legacy for Mills students. You can too. Wynetta Spencer Kollman '73 (1952�2009) Wynetta studied chemistry at Mills and earned a PhD in the same subject at Howard University. She had a long career with the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Wynetta drew up her will at age 44 and included a bequest to the College to create a scholarship for women of color majoring in science. A will allows you to provide security for the people you love, pass on favorite possessions, and identify and support the institutions that are important to you, including Mills. You can leave a lasting legacy at the College with your planned gift. Cynthia Alcazar '12 Cynthia, a biology major from San Diego and a member of Mills' soccer team, was awarded the Dr. Wynetta S. Kollman Scholarship in 2010�11. To learn more about creating a legacy of your own at Mills contact us toll-free at 1.877.PG.MILLS (1.877.746.4557) or email@example.com. If you've already included Mills in your estate plans, please let us know. InMemoriam NoticesofdeathreceivedbeforeMarch26,2012 Tosubmitlistings,firstname.lastname@example.org 510.430.2123 MaryParkerGrady'46, March 18, in McMinnville, Oregon. She is survived by two children and her niece, Jennifer Rugg '79. JoanBromleyBurke'47,MA'49, January 22, in San Francisco. She worked with Bank of America in Japan for many years; later in life she aided seniors with their financial management. Survivors included a son. DorisEllsworthRogers'47, February 6, in Las Cruces, New Mexico. She taught piano for over 20 years and served multiple terms as president of the Las Cruces Piano Teachers Association. She is survived by her husband, Joe; four children; and two granddaughters. JeanneNelsonSzabo'47, March 10, in Brunswick, Georgia. An artist and teacher, she ran her own gallery and art studio and was a grand master at bridge. Survivors include her two sons. BarbaraNormanMakanowitzky'48, November 18, 2011, in Philadelphia. She wrote several books, including Tales of the Table and Requiem for a Spanish Village, and translated many Russian classics for publication. She also worked for the US State Department and was fluent in Russian, French, Spanish, and Catalan. BarbaraFosterKrattli'49, October 31, 2011, in San Diego. While her husband's naval career took their family to many homes, she took jobs and volunteer opportunities to help her children and community. She is survived by three sons and three grandchildren. AliciaKircherLydon'49, February 1, in Lake Forest, Illinois. She lived in Rome and London for several years; after settling in Chicago, she supported the Art Institute and was a docent at the Botanic Garden. She is survived by three children and four grandchildren. Alumnae DorothyShubartRosenwald'36, March 11, inKansas City, Missouri. She was a local president, national VP, and a life board member of the National Council of Jewish Women, which honored her with the Hannah G. Solomon Award in 1973. She also served on the board of several social welfare and service organizations. Survivors include a son and a grandson. AlexandraOatesOutram'37, November 22, 2011, in Surrey, England. Survivors include a daughter. IdaShimanouchi'38, January 20, in Medford, New Jersey. BillieBellWoolworth'38, January 11, in San Leandro, California. A lifelong teacher in the Berkeley and Albany public schools, she also hosted several foreign exchange students. She is survived by three children and five grandchildren. ClaireRubendallHoppe'39,January 2, in Lincoln, Nebraska. She enjoyed golf, cards, yoga, volunteering, and travel. Survivors include three children and three grandchildren. ElenoreDavisSmith'40, March 12, in Glendale, Missouri. Survivors include three children and eight grandchildren. Margery"Diz"DismanAnson'42, March 19, in San Francisco. She was a creative metalworker, a member of the Concordia Club, and a volunteer for the Emanu-El Residence Club, Homewood Terrace orphanage, Mount Zion Hospital, Strybing Arboretum, and the Institute on Aging. She is survived by two sons and four grandchildren. KathrynLeeHolcombDole'42, December 29, 2011, in Santa Barbara, California. She supported her husband's career as an artist and academic; she also was involved with cooperative nursery schools and developed a line of children's dress-up clothing. She is survived by seven children and 17 grandchildren. Charlotte"Jeanne"MetzSellers'42, November 24, 2010, in Downs, Kansas. MarciaGambrellHovick'43, January 31, in Monterey, California. She worked on and off stage at Golden Bough Circle Theatre, founded Staff Repertory Players, and ran the Children's Experimental Theatre for half a century. She authored many original works. She is survived by three children and several grandchildren. FrancesSmyrlJennings'44, May 22, 2011, in Tucson, Arizona. She owned the Roswell Trading Company and worked for 20 years with state agencies serving children and people with developmental disabilities. Also a volunteer for the library, hospice, zoo, and botanical gardens, she is survived by two children and two grandchildren. PersisRitchieLedbetter'44, December 19, 2011, in Lodi, California. She was active in the Lodi Women's Club and Omega Nu philanthropic organization, was a charter member of the Squares Dance Group and the Woodbridge Golf and Country Club, and sat on the Lodi Memorial Hospital Board of Directors for 20 years. Survivors include her husband, Keith; a daughter; and two grandchildren. LydiaNelsonMcCollum'43, a longtime leader of Mills alumnae in Colorado, died December 22, 2011, in Denver. McCollum worked as a travel agent for several companies, including McCollum Travel Agency, which she owned with her husband. She also served on the board of the Rocky Mountain Chapter of the Arthritis Foundation and was a member of the Montview Boulevard Presbyterian Church. But she put her dedication to Mills into action in her years of service as a class agent and regional governor of the Alumnae Association of Mills College. A generous donor to the College, she and her husband endowed the Lydia Nelson McCollum Scholarship to support undergraduates from the Rocky Mountain region. She is survived by four children, including Mary Lou McCollum Steenrod '70, and seven grandchildren. Summer 2012 29 DianaWuLiu'51, December 24, 2011, in Edmonds, Washington. She was a well-known Chinese-cooking instructor and co-authored the Gourmet Guide to Chinese Cuisine with her sister. She frequently hosted fundraisers and befriended visiting Chinese students and creative artists. She is survived by three children, including Debra Liu '77; a granddaughter; and her sister, Lily Wu Tang '51. MargaretStevenProsser'51, November 8, 2008, in Mercer Island, Washington. Survivors include a son and her sister, Kathleen Steven Hoch '53. JocelynMartinMannellMendel'54, March 6, in Sausalito, California. She is survived by her husband, Jim; four children, including Meagan Mannell-Julian '78; and 10 grandchildren. PhoebeMcCabeWiethoff'56,March 19, in Wayzata, Minnesota. She was a seasoned traveler, avid movie buff, loyal Neil Sedaka fan, and a dedicated wife and mother. She is survived by two daughters. RobertNelson,MFA'59, January 9, in Laytonville, California. Trained as a painter, he collaborated with other artists, the San Francisco Mime Troupe, and the composer Steve Reich, MA '63, to create witty and popular experimental films. Survivors include three children. JanineSemereauFreyermuth'68, December 4, 2011, in Belvedere, California. She devoted much of her time to family and friends and throughout her life maintained a dedication to the welfare of animals. She leaves behind a daughter, a son, and three grandchildren. SuzanneDuPrauRogers'68, March 9, in Belvedere, California. She earned a master's degree in early childhood education and made a career working with young children and those with disabilities. She was also a talented writer, humorist, and graphic artist. Survivors include her daughter and two sisters. CherylScott'69, April 1, 2011, in Berkeley, California. ChristinaWardMiller'71, December 25, 2011, in Albuquerque, New Mexico. She was the manager of library and information services at the Prevention Research Center in Berkeley before moving to Albuquerque, where she worked as a taxonomy editor. A world traveler and animal lover, she is survived by her sister, Kathleen Miller James '69. NancyMartinHarper'80, February 3, in Pleasant Hill, California. Survivors include her daughters Kristin Harper Bush '78 and Kim Harper Brooks '90, and nieces Marian Harper Weldin '62 and Nettie Harper '65. RobertFoote,MA'99, January 18, in Sunny Isles Beach, Florida. YasmeenVaughan'03, December 15, 2011, in Oakland, California. Survivors include her father and mother, Deborah Brooks Vaughan, MA '71. SpousesandFamily WilliamBrowningBarnes, father of Diantha Browning Mollahan '83, October 27, 2010, in Capitola, California. HarperBates, son of Marlene Allen Bates '65, December 6, 2011, in Portland, Oregon. CharlesFortmiller, husband of Gladys Aronson Fortmiller '49, November 3, 2011, in Talent, Oregon. CameronFuller-Holloway, son of Melody Fuller-Lewis '82, January 15, in California. RichardHunter, father of Sandra Hunter '91, May 22, 2011, in Yountville, California. NancyParsonsJones, mother of Margot Jones Mabie '66, February 14, in Rochester, New York. GiftsinMemoryof ReceivedDecember1,2011�February29,2012 TimannaBennett'02 by Marcia Randall '02 MarilynFryeBettendorfby her daughter, Marilyn "Lyn" Barrett '75 LoisMitchellBlackmarr'40,MA'42, by Jane Van Rysselberghe Bernasconi '53 Doris"Dorie"HillmanBlackwell'41 by Jane Cudlip King '42, P '80 DorotheaBlocher by her daughter, Alice Knudsen, MA '05, EdD '07, P '05 DarlBowers, husband of Anita Aragon Bowers '63 and father of Jeannette Bowers '84, by Ellen Locke Crumb '59, P '94, Deborah Zambianco '70 LindaNelsonBranson'77by her husband, James Branson TerryFoskettCamacho'61 by Mary Doerfler Luhring '61 MarianVanTuylCampbell by Rebecca Fuller, MA '54 Evelyn"Peg"Deane'41 by her sister, Margaret Deane DorisDennison by Rebecca Fuller, MA '54 SusanDickson'63 by Anne Williams Nash '63 Sybil"Syb"JohnsonDray'41 by her sister, Sarah Johnson Stewart '56 VirginiaFleming by Anne Lehmer '89 ErnestFlores by his sister, Joan Flores '01 Mr.andMrs.FrankFong, parents of Borgee Chinn '41 and grandparents of Nancy Ng, MFA '92, by Gaynor Chinn and Momi Chang '74 CharlesDavidFortmiller, husband of Gladys Aronson Fortmiller '49, by Pauline Royal Langsley '49, P '78, P '83 TimothyFrancis by his mother, Jamey Coopman Francis '60 Barbara"Bobby"ColemanFrey'68 by Patricia Abelov Demoff '68 I first met MaryvonneGellyMardaci'52 during a research stay in Paris in 1989�1990; my wife, Suzanne, and I maintained a steady and treasured friendship with her in the years that followed. Our get-togethers included a stay with her at her family home in Brittany and many visits with her and her family in the Paris area. Madame Mardaci was a loyal friend and supporter of Mills. During our occasional hostings of alumnae in France, she was invariably present and always up-to-date on events at the College. A precious member of the extended Mills community, she passed away in Boulogne, France. --Remembered by Professor of History Bert Gordon 30 M i l l s Q u a r t e r ly CorinneMarshKeith, mother of Rebecca Marsh Shuttleworth '64, October 1, 2011, in Greenwich, Connecticut. MiklosKossa, father of Christina Kossa '89, December 18, 2011, in Berkeley, California. FrankLaycock, husband of Lenore Mayhew Laycock '46 and father of Vera Laycock Lethbridge '70, January 2, in Oberlin, Ohio. GoodwinPelissero, father of Candace Pelissero '68, February 8, in Santa Barbara, California. CecilRiley, father of Susan Riley Levy '80, December 29, 2009, in Orinda, California. Vivienne"Bubbles"Sigman, mother of Tari Sigman Bowman '68, April 24, 2011, in Sherman Oaks, California. NancyWarner, mother of Nangee Warner Morrison '63, January 18, in Buffalo, New York. KwongChoiYue, father of Ruby Yue Sze '72 and Josie Yue '78, in Hong Kong. Facultyandstaff GloriaHermsenEdick, December 10, in San Leandro. She spent her career as an executive secretary at Mills College, Holy Names College, and Samuel Merritt College in Oakland. She is survived by her husband, Donald; two children; and two grandsons. JuliaMies, March 10, in Oakland. A former director in the Office of Institutional Advancement at Mills, she served the College from 2002 to 2009 with creativity, perseverance, and humor. A Rockridge area resident for more than 30 years, she was active in school, community, and rebuilding efforts from the 1991 Oakland Hills fire. She leaves behind her husband, Will, and two children. JanineSemereauFreyermuth'68 by Susan Stern Fineman '68 DenisonGlass'83 by Lisa Ellerbee Gleaton '85 RhetaDattnerGoldberg'61 by her daughter, Rae Ann Goldberg '73 CarolineGoodwin'22,P'52, by her daughter, Alice Goodwin Lenz '52 DenyseGross'72 by her husband, Kenneth Morrison MildredRodgersHauck,MA'39, by the Mills College Club of New York F.WarrenHellman by Marc Fairman, Barbara Hunter '57, Sue Ann Tucker '68 WilliamandJacquelineHennighby their daughter, Susan Hennigh '72 Merrill"Jane"BristowHintikka'60 by Joyce Howard '72 CorinneMarshKeith by her daughter, Rebecca Marsh Shuttleworth '64 ElizabethTrowbridgeKent'23 by Ann Eddy Smith '59, P '82 MarjorieWoolwineKnightly'56 by Sarah Johnson Stewart '56 TeriLauderbach, mother of Nicole Harrison '96, by Heather Herrera '94 EleanorLauer,MA'40, by Rebecca Fuller, MA '54 EdwardLeFevour, husband of Julia Darley LeFevour '73 and father of Julianna LeFevour Francis '90, by Leslie Woodhouse '90 SylviaJaureguyLove'47 by her husband, William Love Jennifer"Jenny"Makofsky'91 by Lisa Bach '90 EloiseRandlemanMcCain'57by her husband, Leonard McCain Boitumelo"Tumi"McCallum'08 by Lynn Andrews LydiaNelsonMcCollum'43, P'70, by Pauline Royal Langsley '49, P '78, P '83 DianeMcEntyre by Elizabeth Kelley Quigg, MA '89 GeorgianaMelvin by Mariah Imberman deForest '59 Margery"Footie"FooteMeyer'45 by Tom Van Saun JudyMollica by April Ninomiya Hopkins, MFA '03 EvelynOremland by her husband, Jerome Oremland LindaPopofsky by Lisa Borden '84 RosemaryBrussoPurser'57 by Diane Lindner Reuler '58 MarySeberRyan by her son, Dan Ryan EleanorMarshallSchaefer'29 by Nicole Bartow NancySchalk'49 by Pauline Royal Langsley '49, P '78, P '83 SusanRubensteinSchapiro'52 by Kathleen Burke and Ralph Davis, Lawrence Lee, Evelyn Moore, Helen Drake Muirhead '58, P '88, P '93, William Schapiro Margaret"Peg"HudelsonScherer'49 by Pauline Royal Langsley '49, P '78, P '83 AnneSherrill by Cynthia McLaughlin '74 Vivienne"Bubbles"Sigman by her daughter, Tari Sigman Bowman '68 ClaireMcAdamSmith'44 by Karen Gillogly Lang '74 KathrynSt.ClairAnderson by her daughter, Maren Anderson Culter '69 JamesWanzer by his mother, Sue Ann Coopman Peterson '55 NancyWarner, mother of Nangee Warner Morrison '63, by Susan Stern Fineman '68, Los Angeles Mills College Alumnae HughWass by Warren Wass JuliettePerrinWeston1907 by her daughter, Nancy Weston's estate ChristinaWolfe,mother of Shannon Wolfe '96, by Kayvaan Ghassemieh BillieBellWoolworth'38 by her son, William Woolworth P=parent; For information about making a tribute gift, contact 510.430.2097 or email@example.com. Summer 2012 31 The write stuff Named for a fictional character, Maya Marie Weeks, MFA '12, writes to prove that she actually exists. Born and raised on the central coast of California, she has lived as far north as Copenhagen, Denmark, and traveled as far south as Santiago, Chile. Oakland is the farthest she has ever lived from the ocean. These works are excerpted from the collection of poems that earned her Mills' 2012 Mary Merritt Henry Prize for outstanding poetry by a graduate student. Anachronism just the ticket to Strasbourg. A phantasmagoric commute, no space between here and now. Seersucker boundary. Alsatian Riesling/sixteen years of chickens. Pop cork, cue, enter recurring dream. Girlghost in undergrowth. A silhouette without a head. The body ticking. Platform transient. Sweltering country in aftermath of 24 Hour Fitness. A swimming pool! No, a lake. No bush around which to beat. Superhuman tastebuds annex faulty Bordeaux to well-adjusted fowl. Glass doors a shadow slips through. Despite a common misconception that different sections of the tongue specialize in different tastes, all taste sensations come from all regions of the tongue More cognac, sure--I want my glass as full as everyone else's; I want Gaspard to continue in caricature: Gallic mustache, cooking and accent. For a man whose nose is his work, vanillin is a no-go. Ampersand satellite trapped in media discourse between a vitriolic diatribe and Captain James Cass, hoping for a phone call. He who prefers dreams to death reacts to the future. Being Maya I've had it with illusion. There are things we can do in the world and together: Make a trip to Home Depot. Construct walls and windows. $600 still seems like an awful lot for a space in a warehouse. If you're offering me gifts, just get this: I'd always rather have food than flowers. Things come together Packed for Yosemite as if going to Iceland for the weekend. California refinance 2.75%: budget for a newer, more beautiful future. Los Banos: A Chevy Kind of Town. Wind at 60 miles per hour, hotter than the burgers coming straight out of the drive-thru. It's a wonderful feeling to leave the car at home. Some of our friends are too good to be true. Career strangers go hiking together. The atmosphere is ripe with topics to talk on that we pick at like yesterday's poultry. 32 M i l l s Q u a r t e r ly AlumnAe tr Avel 2013 AustraliaandNewZealand This 14-day land and sea journey includes four nights in New Zealand's spectacular Southern Alps and a special scenic cruise on breathtaking Milford Sound. In Australia, enjoy three nights in Sydney and a threenight cruise aboard the 25-cabin Coral Princess, which is specially designed to navigate the waters and wonders of the Great Barrier Reef. January 17�30, 2013 From $3695 (not including airfare, taxes, and fees) FromCannestoVenice: JewelsofAntiquity Sail along the beautiful French Riviera. Immerse yourself in the charm of Provence, the spirit of Cannes, the beauty of Florence, the history of Rome, and the romance of Venice--plus visits to several additional ports aboard the MV Aegean Odyssey. May 28�June 12, 2013 CruisingtheBalticSea: ChangingtheTidesofHistory Mikhail Gorbachev and Lech Walesa are exclusive speakers for this tour; travelers will also enjoy special early entry to the State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg and a private concert in the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki. Round out your journey of this richly historic region with stops in Helsinki, Tallinn, Riga, Gdansk, Copenhagen, and Oslo. June 13�24, 2013 TreasuresofEcuador Explore Quito's Centro Historico, the vibrant city of Cuenca, and the Amazon rainforest. Stand at the equator at the Middle of the World Museum! This tour is limited to 28 travelers. February 5�16, 2013 SeetheAAMCtravelwebsite ataamc.mills.edufordates, prices,andfullitinerariesasthey becomeavailable.Forreservations oradditionalinformation,call theAlumnaeAssociationof MillsCollegeat510.430.2110 firstname.lastname@example.org. SorrentoontheDivine AmalfiCoast Discover five UNESCO World Heritage sites from your home base at the deluxe Hotel Plaza Sorrento: Amalfi Coast, the historic center of Naples, the amazing Greek ruins in Paestum, and the well-preserved ruins of Herculaneum and Pompeii. Groups are limited to 36 travelers on this Alumni Campus Program. April 17�25, 2013 China:TheYangtzeRiver Discover the secrets of China's mystique and its timeless treasures, from Beijing's Tian'anmen Square and the Forbidden City to the Terra Cotta Warriors in Xi'an and Buddhist cliff carvings in Dazu. Explore world-class cities and famous landmarks, including the Summer Palace, the Great Wall, and the Three Gorges region as you travel by land and water. September 10�23, 2013 WaterwaysofRussiafrom MoscowtoSt.Petersburg Join PresidentAleciaDeCoudreaux on this cruise aboard a 56-cabin deluxe river ship, featuring visits to several UNESCO World Heritage sites and extensive guided tours of Red Square, St. Basil's Cathedral, and the State Hermitage Museum. July 24�August 3, 2013 The State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg VillagesandVineyards oftheMosel,Rhine,and MainRiverscruise The Mosel River is perhaps the most beautiful river in Germany, winding between steep, vine-laden banks. The mighty Rhine offers charming towns and the legendary Lorelei Rock. The Main River flows past storybook villages and pristine countryside. Enjoy them all on this seven-night cruise aboard the 146-passenger MS Amadeus Brilliant. October 14�22, 2013 TreasuresofEastAfrica featuringTanzaniaandKenya Your wilderness dream becomes reality on this once-in-a-lifetime adventure. Spot zebra grazing across grass-filled plains, cheetahs stalking their prey, or lions stretching lazily in the sun as you explore the spectacular national parks of Tanzania and Kenya in custom 4x4 safari vehicles with expert guides. Excursion limited to 28 travelers. October 19�November 12, 2013 Mills Quarterly Mills College 5000 MacArthur Blvd. Oakland, CA 94613-1301 510.430.3312 email@example.com www.mills.edu Address service requested Periodicals postage paid at Oakland, CA, and at additional mailing office(s) Reunion 2012 September 27 through September 30 Every alumna is invited. Honoring the Golden Girls of 1962 and alumnae from class years ending in 2 or 7 Highlights include: � Convocation on September 28 � Updates from President DeCoudreaux, members of her cabinet, and leaders of the Alumnae Association of Mills College � Class Luncheon and AAMC Awards Ceremony For more information REunIon HoTlInE: 510.430.2123 EmAIl: firstname.lastname@example.org WEb: alumnae.mills.edu/reunion � Special gatherings for MBA alumnae, Golden Girls, alumnae of color, and LGBTIQ alumnae � Alumnae volleyball match and Mills community tennis tournament � After-hours drinks and music at Reinhardt Alumnae House � Class dinners and photos � Faculty and student presentations about their academic projects � A celebration of Julia Morgan, including a guided tour of the Julia Morgan-designed buildings on campus and an exhibition of drawings and photographs � And much, much more! Schedule updates will be posted online at alumnae.mills.edu/reunion. Brochures with full schedules and registration information have been mailed to all alumnae from class years ending in 2 or 7 and all alumnae in the Bay Area; they are available to other alumnae by request.