2014 McNair Scholars Research Symposium
CSUS McNair Scholars Program
What’s on Sacramento State’s Plate? Brandon Venerable-McNair Scholar; Mentor– Dr. Mical Shilts Oral Presentation 3:00 pm (Redwood Room) High rates of obesity in the United States are correlated to chronic diseases like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. Fruit and vegetables play a key role in preventing these illnesses. The purpose of the study was to analyze the fruit and vegetable intake of a sample of Sacramento State students (n=32). A cross-sectional design was used where data collection included a survey and food record. Demographic variables (income, ethnicity, gender, BMI) were compared to fruit and vegetable intake. On average, students did not meet fruit and vegetable recommendations. Qualitative themes indicated three main obstacles to consumption: time, preparation, and access. The Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978: Communication and Collaboration Between Tribes and the County Governments Erika Salinas-McNair Scholar ; Mentor- Dr. Annette Reed Oral Presentation 4:45 pm (Redwood Room) The Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) is a federal law aimed at preserving cultural and familial ties among Indian children and families. This can be achieved through effective communication and collaboration between tribes and county governments; however, evidence in literature has shown disconnect between the two. The researcher will conduct five face-to-face interviews with tribal ICWA workers by asking a set of 18 questions used to analyze their relationship with county CPS workers. The results from this study can better determine how to sustain or improve the relationship between tribes and the county to maximize the effectiveness of the ICWA. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, SACRAMENTO Indigenous Identity and Aspirations for Higher Education Eddie Triste- McNair Scholar; Mentor– Dr. Manuel Barajas Oral Presentation 4:00pm In the past 30 years, Mexican-origin indigenous migration has significantly increased. However, little is known about youth with an indigenous upbringing who grow up in the United States within a Eurocentric educational and societal context. This study uses in -depth interviews with indigenous students to explore the following: How does indigenous student’s identity formation affect their aspirations to a higher education? How does their indigenous social capital help or hinder their academic achievement? The study compares the academic success of students with strong connections with their indigenous community and culture, to those who have become more distant form it; and seeks to understand the roles of social and cultural capital in educational Double Consciousness: A Theoretical Analysis Booker Cook- McNair Scholar; Mentor– Dr. Ricky Green Oral Presentation 5:00 pm (Redwood Room) This study addresses the issues African Americans face as a result of double consciousness as defined by W.E.B. Du Bois (1903). Although the first research was done in the late 19th century it applies to today’s mindset of the African American. Many research studies have focused on double consciousness and the aftermath. This research is designed to delve deeper into the meaning laid out in “The Souls of Black Folk” and the aftermath in today’s world for the African American. The key questions addressed are: Causes, Effects and Resolutions. MCNAIR SCHOLARS PROGRAM RESEARCH SYMPOSIUM 2013-2014 COHORT APRIL 14th, 2014 11:30 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. University Union Redwood Room Latino Parents’ Perceptions of the Individual Education Plan (IEP) Meeting Alejandra Montelongo-McNair Scholar; Mentor– Dr. Robert Kraemer Oral Presentation 4:15 pm (Redwood Room) The Individual Education Plan (IEP) is a meeting composed of a group of professionals who are experts in the child’s different areas of need. Through an IEP meeting a child can qualify for special education services. The IEP stresses that the parents are also active members of the IEP team and have the right to have a say in their child’s education. However, cultural and language differences exists between the professionals and the parents, which could create a lack of understanding between both groups and could affect the amount of involvement of native Spanish speaking parents in the IEP process. How School Diversity, Peer-Relations, and Ethnic Identity Shape Ethnocultural Empathy Dominic Rivera-McNair Scholar; Mentor– Dr. Greg Kim-Ju Oral Presentation 5:15 pm (Redwood Room) The shifts in the ethnic composition of the U.S have resulted in public schools becoming more culturally diverse, making culture -related issues more salient for certain groups (Santos, Ortiz, Morales, & Rosales, 2007). In the current study, ethnic differences in school diversity (diversity), peer -relations (crossrace friendships/same-race friendships), ethnic identity, and ethnocultural empathy (empathy) were examined among a sample of 102 college students (77 Asian/Pacific Islanders, 20 Latinos, 6 White Americans). Additionally, diversity, peer-relations, and ethnic identity were examined in relation to empathy. Results of MANOVA indicated that there were ethnic differences among each study variable, except for cross-race friendships. Poster Presentations 3:15 p.m. - 4:00 p.m. Natural Hair: Oppositional Culture in a CMC Environment Theodore Harrison III- McNair Alum Oral Presentation 4:30 pm (Redwood Room) This investigation looks at the convergence of African American women’s social movements and computer mediated communication (CMC). The project explores how African American women use “Natural Hair” as an expression of oppositional identity in a Multi-Linear Computer Mediated Communication environment. Utilizing ethnographic field interviews and based on Bisin, Patacchini, Verdier, & Zenou’s theory on formation and persistence of oppositional cultures, the present study examines the role of the CMC environment (YouTube videos, Websites, Facebook Fan Pages, and Instagram) in the formation and persistence of the “Natural Hair” oppositional culture. You feel me! The use of you feel me in a teenage African American speech community Ijeoma Onenuju-McNair Alum Oral Presentation 5:30 pm (Redwood Room) This project focuses on the discourse marker you feel me, as a component of AAVE and how one student used it to critique his microenvironment. Y ou feel me is a multi-functional lexical phrase which allows the speaker to boost or hedge the strength of their speech act while also providing the addressee better access to the intended message. Four basic functions of you feel me were identified in the text: 1) verbal filler, 2) signal, 3) contextualization cue and 4) an affirmative. Findings revealed that you feel me was a critical component of the students critique and that it implicitly provided a larger analysis of hegemony. “Before you can make a dream come true, you must first have one." -Dr. Ronald E. McNair How Black Panther: The Animated Series Counters the Idea of Black Male Inferiority Katreena Alder-McNair Alum Oral Presentation 11:45 am (Redwood Room) When Reginald Hudlin's Black Panther: The Animated Series (2009) aired on Black Entertainment Television (BET) in 2011, audiences were introduced to a new kind of black superhero. The present research views and analyzes episodes of Black Panther: The Animated Series (2009) and using a Cultural Studies approach the researcher pays close attention to the program's depictions of race. Specifically, the researcher examines the physical representation, attitudes, and behavior of the lead male character, T'Challa, to observe what strategies are employed to counter the idea of an inferior black male. Comparison Between Collagenase Adipose Digestion and StromaCell Device for Mesenchymal Stem Cell Separation Albert Millan- McNair Scholar; Mentor– Dr. Tom Landerholm Oral Presentation 12:45 pm (Redwood Room) Traditional collagenase adipose digestion for mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) separation contains toxins that are harmful for regenerative applications. An alternative method such as StromaCell was developed by MicroAire Aesthethics to employ a non-enzymatic method for MSC separation. Running StromaCell against collagenase method was done to ensure a direct comparison between the three main contributing factors for MSC separation such as process time, cell numbers, and toxicity. A comparison between the two methods is needed to see if a non enzymatic method could be used for MSC separation, rather than the traditional collagenase method. Migration of Mixteco Women Guadalupe Ferreyra- McNair Scholar; Mentor– Dr. Julie Figueroa Oral Presentation 2:00 pm (Redwood Room) Mixteco is the third largest Mexican indigenous group located in the southern state of Oaxaca. They call themselves the Ñuu Savi or people of the rain. Mixtecos have a long history of migration in Mexico and the United States. In the state of California, thirteen percent of farm worker force comes from the Mixteco community. Mixteco indigenous women are often ignored because of gender, ethnicity, economic and migration status. The purpose of this study is to understand the leading experiences of migrant Mixteco women and investigate if such experiences have an impact on their traditional gender roles. “My Prince Charming Will Come Soon, Right?”: How Existential Void leads to Self-Objectification in Women Ariel Mosley- McNair Alum; Mentors– Dr. John Dovido, Dr. Lawrence Meyers Oral Presentation 12:00 pm (Redwood Room) Self-Objectification theory illustrates that women may internalize the idea that their bodies exist for the pleasure of others, and thus willingly self -objectify their own bodies (Saguy et al., 2010). Furthermore, internalized beliefs that they should be cherished and protected by men may limit women’s personal feelings of purpose, and lead to a lack of purpose and personal meaning, a state known as an existential void. This study evaluates a model in which internalized gender beliefs and existential void were used to predict self objectification. Existential void fully mediated the effect of internalized gender belief on self- objectification in the hypothesized model. Treatment Outcomes for African American Women with Breast Cancer: Does Income Matter? Angelica Ward- McNair Scholar; Mentor– Dr. Michelle Dang Oral Presentation 1:00 pm (Redwood Room) The high rates of breast cancer diagnosis among African American women in all income brackets raises questions about why the disease is so prevalent for this ethnic group. The researcher used an interdisciplinary perspective to interpret findings; and reviewed current literature to examine income and ecological components as factors that may contribute to an increase in breast cancer among African American women. Current research reveals that variations in follow-up treatment, barriers to care, and ethnic background are significant factors to health outcomes. This research highlights the call for new advances in breast cancer treatment and an ecological approach to addressing health disparities in the prevention and treatment of breast cancer in the African American community. Man Enough: Somatoform and Eating Disorder Symptomology Among " African American, Caucasian, and Hispanic/Latino Varsity/NCAA Division 1 Male Athletes John Ramos- McNair Alum Oral Presentation 2:15 pm (Redwood Room) The goal of the research was to evaluate the effect of ethnicity on the prevalence of subclinical eating and somatoform disorder symptomology in the competitive male athlete population. A survey was administered to 119 male athletes which assessed symptomology. Some results are consistent seminal literary works, while restrictive dietary patterns were found to be more prevalent among Hispanic/Latino male athletes. Mammy Depictions in Film Dorian Love- McNair Scholar; Mentor– Dr. Carmen Stitt Oral Presentation 12:15 pm (Redwood Room) Stereotypes in film play a vital role in affecting the beliefs and perceptions about one’s own body. One stereotype to emerge from motion pictures is the mammy figure. The mammy archetype is often overweight in appearance and takes care of White families in the South. African American women may be particularly at risk for the continued themes presented with these stereotypes. The purpose of this research is to examine students’ perceptions about their bodies, self-esteem, and eating behaviors after viewing mammy depictions in film. A cross-sectional survey was administered via an online survey format. Results will be discussed in terms of beliefs and behaviors among African American women compared to other demographic groups. Context and Motivations of Adolescent Drug Selling: A Comparative Analysis of the Black Male and Female Samples Starr Daniels- McNair Alum; Mentor– Dr. Jennifer Murphy Oral Presentation 1:15 pm (Redwood Room) In two separate studies the researcher attempted to answer the question: What influences a person to sell drugs during adolescence? Qualitative phone interviews were conducted using a grounded theory approach. Black males between ages 18 40 were the first sample interviewed, and black females between the ages 18 -41 were the second sample interviewed. The researcher identified similarities and differences among the two groups, and this comparative analysis helps to strengthen insight on identifying populations that are at a high risk for adolescent drug selling. Including Black Women in the Definition of Faculty Diversity Nyree Hall- McNair Scholar; Mentor– Dr. Jessie Gaston Research in Progress—No Presentation The California State University system lacks a proactive policy in the recruitment, retention, and promotion of tenured Black female professors. This study uses the qualitative research methods of questionnaires and focus groups to investigate Black female professors and the challenges they face at a large western US university. The areas of focus include their institutional experiences with mentorship, and support within their individual departments, with particular attention to the tenure process. The study further explores department attitudes towards their research areas, their curriculum and teaching styles, along with a discussion of how their experienced obstacles have affected student outcomes. Ethnicity, Living Arrangements, and Parenting Styles as a Predictor of Self-Reported Child Abuse Among College Students Vanessa Mendez- McNair Scholar; Mentor– Dr. Phillip Akutsu Oral Presentation 12:30 pm (Redwood Room) Child abuse remains a pervasive problem in the United States and additional formal research is necessary to better understand this issue. In studying child abuse, past literature has shown limitations in the research that include problems in how child abuse is defined by researchers and culturally diverse groups, and the omission of fathers’ roles in relation to parenting styles as critical factors. This study examines the relationship of ethnicity, parenting styles, and living arrangements to self-reported child abuse by surveying college students. Overall, these findings will expand our knowledge about risk factors for child abuse and the development of prevention strategies. Noninvasive Brain Computer Interface Method with Electroencephalography (EEG) Usage Roberto Chacon- McNair Scholar; Mentor– Dr. Jose Granda Oral Presentation 1:45 pm (Redwood Room) Noninvasive Brain Computer Interface utilizes tools, such as Electroencephalography (EEG), that extract brain frequencies to attempt control of complex machinery often used by individuals with physical impairments. Because surgical procedures cannot be performed on the human brain, external EEG sensors can only read partial brain data. Previous research looks at how the EGG sensors link to other devices and machinery, and how participants perform during training sessions. Utilizing data from a series of training exercises with multiple human subjects, this particular research project attempts to explore how altering the EGG sensors instead can enhance the reading of the data and thus improve the control of external devices. Anxiety of Female Authorship– Ann Radcliffe’s A Sicilian Romance and Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus Rachel Huizar- McNair Scholar; Mentor– Dr. David Toise Oral Presentation 2:45 pm (Redwood Room) While female writers dominated the publishing of English prose fiction in the 18th century, the tradition of the English novel was widely accredited to male authors. Some later literary mechanisms, such as the female gothic and frame narratives, allowed female writers to critique the socialization of women in literature while appearing to concede to the patriarchal structures. This paper argues that Ann Radcliffe’s A Sicilian Romance and Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus use the gothic paradigm and frame narratives to portray the psychological harm to female identity and women’s growing distrust of language to convey feminine desires in a patriarchal structure.