Madeley High School Madeley High School Special Educational Needs Policy Background During the 1980’s the philosophy and practice of Special Education Needs was the forefront of Government legislation. a) The Education Act 1981 This was largely influenced by the Warnock Report of the late 1970’s, which broadened discussion on Special Educational Needs by suggesting that 1 in 5 children in mainstream education would experience a learning difficulty at some point. “ . . . Their learning problems, which may last for varying periods of time, will stem from a variety of causes. But, unless suitable help is forthcoming, their problems will be reinforced by prolonged experience of failure . . . “ (WARNOCK) The 1981 Act also promoted parental rights in formal assessment procedures and recommended that most pupils with special educational needs should have a mainstream education. b) Education Reform Act 1988 This established the National Curriculum and the right of all children in L.E.A. maintained schools to receive this broad balanced curriculum. It reaffirmed the philosophy of the 1981 Act in that pupils with SEN should receive a mainstream education provided that their personal needs could be met without detriment to the interest of their peers, and that the LEA’s available resources were efficiently used. c) The Code of Practice (on the identification and assessment of Special Educational Needs) The 1993 Education Act required the Secretary of State to issue a Code of Practice giving practical guidance to local education authorities and the governing bodies of all maintained schools on their responsibilities towards all children with special educational needs. It has been estimated that 20% of the school population will have special educational needs at some time during their school career.