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Faculty Development, Undergrad Research, Chase, RIC $800,000




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Fac Dev

Research-Related External Grants $1,600,000




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“We are closing a decade of transformation as Norwich has invested to improve our academic balance by nurturing the creative and scholarly efforts of our faculty and students. Resources from both endowed funds and external grants have grown and multiplied, and the resulting scholarly output has mimicked those investments.” – David S. Westerman

A decade has passed since Norwich established a formal program to nurture undergraduate research, with the centerpiece being our faculty-mentored summer research fellowships. Endowed support for these fellowships comes from the Chase Endowment for Academic Excellence and the Weintz Research Scholars Program, and is supplemented by external grants applied for and obtained by faculty. As the Associate Vice President for Research, I feel proud to see this program grow exponentially over the past ten years, from 4 fellowships in 2003 to 42 fellowships in 2013. Just as our student program is evolving, the Norwich faculty is also in transition: More than 50 percent have never known a time when Norwich did not have a formal undergraduate research program. Income for Faculty Development Funds continues to grow and is now supplemented by the Chase endowment. These Chase monies have allowed our research release program to grow so that each year, 20 percent of eligible faculty are able to take advantage of a reduced teaching load in order to pursue research in their fields. This competitive program approaches “research” in its broadest sense, supporting the full range of discipline-driven scholarship, as well as research into current best practices in teaching and learning. These efforts are capped with targeted reinvestment of recovered indirect cost (RIC) funds to support the University’s research mission. I salute President Richard W. Schneider, the Board of Trustees, alumni, and friends for the extraordinary gifts that provide the internal funding noted above, and my hat is off to our faculty and staff for their extraordinary success in generating external funding in the form of grants and contracts. Scholarly-active faculty—possessing an unshakable commitment to teaching—exemplify the University’s mission to provide a full range of educational opportunities for students. On the pages of this report you will have the opportunity to read about the accomplishment of several of these outstanding teacher-scholars. Before closing, I would be remiss if I failed to call attention to the success of our Solar Decathlon Team of students and faculty, guided by Professors Matthew Lutz and Michael Puddicombe, and supported by a myriad of corporate and independent partners. Their ultra-efficient solar-powered home, the Delta T-90, matched their vision and commitment to elegance, practicality, and affordability, just as our University’s founder, Captain Alden Partridge, would have envisioned. Our team finished first among equals in affordability, but quite unexpectedly, they won something more important than first place overall. Solar Decathlon director and founder Richard King and his wife, Melissa, announced a new award in memory of the qualities of Byron Stafford, a pivotal organizer of the event who died in May 2013. They described Byron as honest, caring, humble, intelligent, fair, reliable, steadfast, and genuine, and said the inaugural award would go to Norwich University. A most fitting tribute to our students and the institution they represent.

David S. Westerman Charles A. Dana Professor of Geology Associate Vice President for Research

Archaeology and Preservation of the Easter Island Moai A new project got underway this past year as Norwich’s Prof. Richard Dunn made three visits to Rapa Nui (aka Easter Island), collaborating with Dr. Jo Anne van Tilburg of the Cotsen Institute – UCLA and Cristián Arévalo Pakarati from Rapa Nui, co-directors of the Easter Island Statue Project. Dunn’s work focused on characterizing the present and past geologic settings of the Rano Raraku crater, the quarry site for all moai. This work involves collaboration between UCLA, Norwich University, Texas A&M, and the island of Rapa Nui.


A WOMAN OF SUBSTANCE: REINA PENNINGTON, PhD Charles A. Dana Professor of History


THE INCREDIBLE JOURNEY: TRAVIS MORRIS, PhD 2013–14 Board of Fellows Faculty Development Prize








A CATALYST FOR TRANSFORMATION Norwich University: A Showcase for the Vermont Genetics Network











Charles A. Dana Professor of History

A Woman of Substance: Reina Pennington, PhD


Norwich history professor Reina Pennington’s non-professional life can be summed up in three words: gardening, German shepherds, and guns—or the Three Gs, as she calls them. The term accurately describes her 20-acre property in Vermont, which includes a shooting range, a German shepherd named Gunner, and a vegetable garden.

But her life came full circle when, while working on her PhD in History at the University of South Carolina, an assistant professorship opened up at the oldest private military college in the country. “I was thrilled to get the offer. Academic jobs are few and far between, especially in military history and Russian history,” Pennington says. “My military experience wasn’t really an asset in the academic world. To be offered a position at Norwich, where almost all my courses would be in military history, and where most of my students would be commissioning or serving their country in other ways—that was a dream come true.”

Her professional life is not nearly as concise. Currently in her 15th year on the faculty, the awardwinning teacher, author, and historian is currently at work on her third book, What Russia Can Teach Us About War, and has been retained as a consultant for a film on the “night witches,” Soviet women who flew night bombers in World War II. All of which is, of course, in addition to a full teaching load, not to mention seminars, independent studies, and senior honors projects.

And although Pennington had other irons in the fire, the fact that the job was in Vermont clinched the deal. “I’ve always loved the mountains. I lived in Colorado, Utah, and Alaska, and I was always happiest in the Rockies. But I knew from my summer at Norwich back in 1977 that Vermont was also a great place to be. I spent weekends alone out in the woods in a canvas tent that a cadet let me borrow. So ending up on my own 20 acres in the Green Mountains is perfect for me!”

How the University’s newest Charles A. Dana Professor landed on The Hill is a story in itself. While attending Norwich’s Russian School in the summer of 1977, the young Soviet Area Studies major at the University of Louisville never imagined she would end up as a professor there 22 years later. Recruited by her college’s Air Force ROTC program for her Soviet knowledge and Russian-speaking ability, Pennington had her sights set on the military.

Pennington, who received the 2003 Homer L. Dodge Award for Outstanding Teaching, is famous for her unconventional methods. She sets the tone for each course with an introductory PowerPoint presentation of rolling quotes that relate to the topic, accompanied by music from the time and place. In her favorite course, “The Second World War,” students are assigned to teams representing the major participants in the war (US, UK, USSR, Germany, and Japan); throughout the semester, they must present the goals and point of view of their team in debates. Instead of lectures, there are “events discussions,” in which students choose the events to be discussed, and lead the discussions. Mike Anton, a 2010 History and Studies of War and Peace graduate who went on to earn his Master of Arts in Military History from Norwich in 2013, called it “the most fun class experience I have ever had.”

For almost a decade, Pennington served as an Air Force Intelligence Officer specializing in Soviet fighter tactics; and although she had initially intended to have a longer military career, it ended abruptly when, as she puts it, “The Soviets went away as ‘the bad guys’ in the 1980s,” and the Air Force no longer needed Soviet analysts.

He is not alone in his assessment. In a recent appraisal of Pennington, Chair of History and fellow Dana Professor Dr. Gary Lord wrote, “Students…describe her courses as ‘perfect,’ or ‘absolutely extraordinary,’ or ‘wonderful…’ One student, searching for an appropriate superlative, resorted to the inventive neologism ‘fandamntastic.’” But teaching represents only one side of the academic coin. Praised by Lord as “one of the most productive scholars in the University,” Pennington has authored more than 20 published articles and book chapters in addition to her two historical tomes, and her paper presentations, panel discussions, and interviews have earned widespread acclaim. In her “spare” time (that is, when not on her shooting range with her Glock 9mm in hand in summer, or skiing in the woods behind her house with Gunner in winter), Pennington lends her military history acumen to several prestigious historical organizations, foremost among them, the Board of Trustees of the Society of Military History, and as a Presidential Counselor of the National World War II Museum in New Orleans. The ultimate team player, Pennington has also served Norwich as a volunteer in vast and sundry ways during her time on The Hill: She is currently the vice chair for the Faculty Senate and is a member of the Committee on Academic Technology. But perhaps most notable—and in the tradition of innovation that Norwich has been known for since its founding in 1819—Pennington’s body of work is truly groundbreaking. “She has developed a novel, interpretative framework for viewing the combat participation of women in warfare in ways that inform and significantly extend the boundaries of scholarship in military history,” Lord says.


Occasionally a new faculty member arrives on The Hill and in no time at all it seems like he or she has been here forever. Perhaps it was the fact that he earned the honor of Distinguished Military Graduate on his diploma from Northern Illinois University. Or maybe it was due to his four years as an active duty infantry officer with the 10th Mountain Division in upstate New York. But whatever the reason, it didn’t take Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice Travis Morris long to get his feet underneath him at Norwich. In fewer than three years he has made a big splash: Last April, the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies, a non-partisan policy institute headquartered in Washington, D.C., named him an Academic Fellow for 2013–14, and this past fall he was awarded the Board of Fellows (BoF) Faculty Development Prize, a prestigious honor that includes an $8,000 honorarium. Morris’ career path from night beat police officer to lecturer at the International Symposium on Terrorism and Transnational Crime at the Turkish National Police Academy in Antalya, Turkey, seems a bit incredible at first glance. But there were signs early on. As a child, young Travis sat around the dinner table, enthralled by the Israeli fighter pilots who came to visit his parents’ home. Later, while working the graveyard shift for the Lexington, Ky. police department, he would listen to audio recordings on the History of the Middle East between making drunk driver arrests. At some point along the way, the notion of becoming an academic started to take hold, and he 4

enrolled for a Master of Science in Criminal Justice at Eastern Kentucky University (EKU), while still keeping his night job. Although his studies at EKU focused on the Israeli National Police, it was while taking a course in criminological theory that Morris found himself “fascinated by scholarly work that attempted to explain crime.” The professor who taught the course challenged his students to view the world of crime through a different lens. According to Morris, “[The professor] changed the direction of my career.” Hooked on academia, he pursued a doctoral program at the University of Nebraska/Omaha, where he became a Presidential Fellow focusing on terrorism propaganda in the context of culture and history. Already known as an expert on justice in the Middle East, Morris will use the BoF Faculty Development Prize to continue his research into violent jihadism and neo-Naziism propaganda “using novel approaches of examining the language through network text analysis.” According to Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs Dr. Guiyou Huang, the Faculty Development Prize offers a powerful incentive for faculty to conduct scholarly work in their field, but like a lot of top prizes, its impact extends far beyond the actual award. “Not only does the Prize reward one person or team, but it motivates many others to strive and reach for the top,” Huang said. Morris’ original research proposal was peer reviewed and revised—and narrowed—before being submitted and winning the BoF Faculty Development Prize. Since receiving the award, the research has been done, the paper written and reviewed internally, and submitted to The Journal of Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression. Currently, the manuscript is undergoing further revision before resubmission.

Morris pursues scholarly research to expand the base of knowledge and make an impact. In 2011, as a Research Associate for Margolis Healy and Associates—a professional services firm specializing in campus safety, security, and regulatory compliance for higher education and K-12—Morris was part of a research team funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance to identify best practices and evidencebased university campus crime prevention programs across the nation. In 2012, as a Research Associate for the Vermont Center for Justice Research, he developed a seminar on evidence-based policing for Vermont law enforcement executives that has the potential for statewide impact. The team’s findings have the potential to impact federal funding streams, crime prevention best practices, and campus safety nationwide. According to Director of the School of Justice Studies and Sociology Dana Professor Stan Shernock, Morris brings “uncommon leadership and insight into any endeavor he undertakes, whether in the classroom, in service to the University, or in his research.” Receiving among the highest student evaluations in the College of Liberal Arts, a student described him as an “inspirational teacher” who “stimulates deep thought that many people wouldn’t venture into.” The classic teacher-scholar, every life experience informs Morris’ unfolding professional career—his newest project is his first book, which he will be working on over the next couple of years. Dr. Morris sees his scholarship as strongly informing and influencing his teaching. As a student, he experienced the inherent power of influence professors possess as role models, and he hopes to pay that legacy forward. “Our current students are our future leaders,” Morris says. “I want them to know that you impart who you are by what you do.”

2013–2014 Board of Fellows Faculty Development Prize

The Incredible Journey: Travis Morris, PhD


Dana Research Fellowships These fellowships, supported by endowed funds from the Charles A. Dana Foundation, are awarded to tenure-track faculty on a competitive basis to support research, creative or scholarly projects.

Elizabeth Gurian

Lawyers’ Perceptions of Female Homicide Offenders Lawyers’ perspectives on homicide cases offer a unique opportunity to reexamine discourses of violent female offenders. As agents of the criminal justice system and consumers of media reports, lawyers have a distinct perception of criminal offenders. However, the use of lawyers as a resource to understand any kind of criminal or violent offending is an area currently lacking in academic literature. In general, Dr. Gurian’s research aimed to expand the understanding of female criminality beyond the stereotypes and limited narratives that currently pervade the criminal justice system, media, and society at large. Specifically, this research explored lawyers’ perceptions of risk, culpability, and motive with respect to female homicide offenders.

Rob Knapik

Properties of Liquid Scintillator for the SNO+ Experiment Dr. Knapik’s fellowship supported the commissioning of a research lab at Norwich that will contribute to the SNO+ experiment. SNO+, the follow-up experiment to the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO), aims 6

to measure the absolute mass scale of neutrinos and discover if neutrinos are their own antiparticles. Approximately 100 scientists from 20 universities are collaborating on the project on a multipurpose neutrino detector located two kilometers underground in a Canadian nickel mine. The Norwich lab now has the capabilities to precisely measure the amount of light generated when high-energy particles move though liquid scintillators. Future experiments will be conducted to help decide the exact chemical mixture of scintillator to be used in the SNO+ experiment.

Tara Kulkarni

Tracking Pharmaceutical and Personal Care Products from Septic Tank Effluent in Washington County Groundwater It is estimated that approximately 50 percent of the population in Vermont uses a septic tank system for onsite wastewater management. The goal of Dr. Kulkarni’s study was to locate such systems in the vicinity of the Dog River and determine their potential for release of contamination into the river. Preliminary research from this project was used to develop a successful proposal to the Vermont Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR). This was a pilot study along the six major tributaries of the Dog River (Cox Brook, Union Brook, Sunny Brook, Bull Run, Stony Brook, and Felchner Brook) to determine the impact of phosphorus releases from Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems (OWTS), mainly septic systems on surface water bodies, in a changing climate.

Reina Pennington

The Myth of Lidiia Litviak: Rumor, Hearsay, and Evidence about the World’s First Female Fighter Ace Soviet pilot Lidiia Litviak shot down more than a dozen enemy aircraft in 1942–43. Tragically, she went missing in action in August 1943. Years later,

her remains were identified and, in 1990, Mikhail Gorbachev named her a Hero of the Soviet Union. But a rumor persists that Litviak survived, defected to the Germans, and was secretly living in Switzerland. Dr. Pennington’s article sought to identify what is myth and what is truth about her last flight, disappearance, and death. Dr. Pennington is also creating a companion website that will include primary source documents, interviews, a comprehensive bibliography, and other collateral materials.

Sean Prentiss

Finding Abbey: a Journey Home Edward Abbey was a seminal environmental writer and the author of Desert Solitaire, The Monkey Wrench Gang, and 19 other books. After his death, Abbey’s friends carried his body into a remote desert, where they secretly buried him. In Finding Abbey, a work of creative nonfiction, Assistant Professor Prentiss retraced much of Abbey’s life and then headed deep into the desert in search of his grave and spirit. Prentiss is also the co-editor of a forthcoming anthology on creative nonfiction, The Far Edges of the Fourth Genre, which will be published by Michigan State University Press in 2014.

Peter Stephenson

Empirical Validation of the Keppel-Walter Typology Applied to Cyber Physical Crime This research used a hybrid of Odds Ratio, Pearson Correlation, and degree analysis of linked elements for 967 cases to analyze the Keppel and Walter classification model for understanding sexual murder. Keppel and Walter have suggested four sub-types: power assertive, power reassurance, anger retaliatory, and anger excitation, and results from Stephenson’s work reveal several meaningful results. First, the four sub-types separated neatly over the cases analyzed. Second, because the universe consisted of

actual cases, roughly 30 years old, solved and with data collected contemporaneously by investigators, there were no pure results. Interactions between sub-types, as expected in live data, were present and usually explainable. Third, because of the original data collection techniques and lack of rigor, there were a few pollutants that appeared as outliers. Taken together, these results show that the sub-types appear, when tested across actual cases using multiple statistical analysis methods to avoid bias, to be clearly defined by the actual elements of the crimes in the analyzed dataset.

Amy Woodbury Tease

Call and Answer: Muriel Spark and Media Culture Dr. Woodbury Tease’s “Call and Answer: Muriel Spark and Media Culture” has contributed to the growing body of scholarship on 20th-Century writer Muriel Spark, as well as to broader critical conversations within the new modernist studies, global modernisms, and media studies. Specifically, it reads the telephone in Spark’s postwar novels Memento Mori (1959) and The Girls of Slender Means (1963) as an antagonistic medium of communication that exposes a postwar anxiety about communication and surveillance. The article argued that reading Spark’s postwar novels through the lens of contemporary media culture gives us new purchase on her as a writer informed by Machine Age modernism, but whose preoccupation with media demands that we also consider how her particular historical moment breeds a culture of surveillance that we are inextricably tethered to today.

Curriculum Development Fellowships Curriculum Development Fellowships are awarded to tenure-track faculty on a competitive basis for projects involving the development of courses or curricula beyond the scope of ongoing revisions. Joe Latulippe

Gina Sherriff

Dr. Latulippe’s research focused on the study of active learning and the use of clickers in mathematics courses. The objective was to discern whether active learning through the use of clickers increased student achievement. Clickers were introduced in the fall of 2013, and their impact was immediate. Although clickers have been used successfully in many disciplines, their use in Mathematics remains limited; consequently, this work served to bolster the body of knowledge on the technique.

Dr. Sherriff ’s curriculum development fellowship served to develop a Spanish course with a servicelearning trip to Nicaragua. The course—tentatively planned for spring 2014—will offer students the opportunity to enhance their Spanish-speaking skills, discover and become familiar with contemporary life and culture in Central America, and gain hands-on experience living and working in a foreign country. After significant language and cultural training in the Norwich classroom, students will travel to San Ramón, Nicaragua, to participate in community-building exercises such as leading a day camp for the children of migrant coffee workers, developing the local mobile library, or assisting with a new micro-business training program. The volunteer activities are co-organized by Planting Hope, a Montpelier-based nonprofit with years of experience in Nicaragua.

Active Learning and the Use of Personal Response Systems in Calculus

Central America: Language and Culture, with Service-Learning trip to Nicaragua


Undergraduate Research Fellowships 2013 These Summer Research Fellowships, funded by the Chase Endowment for Academic Excellence and the Weintz Research Scholars Program, are awarded on a competitive basis to support original research and creative or scholarly projects beyond work leading to completion of the student’s degree.

Defining 21st-Century Literacy: An Undergraduate Perspective

The Black and Tans: Constabulary or Terrorists?

Young adults have become contributors to cyberspace material; yet, experts and students alike agree that they may be inadequately nurtured in the basic skills of technology. In addition, many sources have identified a need for students entering the workplace to be “techsavvy,” yet rarely are such skills delineated. Public and private educational institutions continue to maintain individual standards for student skills surrounding technology, ethical responsibilities, and devices. This project investigated the existing definitions of 21stCentury literacy and ultimately created a definition based primarily on student use.

The Black and Tans: Constabulary or Terrorists? examined the Royal Irish Constabulary (R.I.C.) and their actions, including the burning of homes, torture, intimidation, and murder during the Irish War of Independence from 1920–21. Using a variety of sources—to include primary documents gathered from multiple archives in Dublin, Ireland, and witness statements from the Irish Bureau of Military History archives—the actions of the R.I.C. were compared to the United Kingdom’s definition of terrorism to determine if the R.I.C. could be considered a state terrorist organization.

Tolkien’s Linguistics of Architecture

Genetic and Morphological Divergence in an Isolated Central Vermont Population of Brook Stickleback (Culanea inconstans)

Baylee Annis ’14 English (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Seth Marineau)

Jade Burkart ’15 Architectural Studies (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Timothy Parker)

This project examined architecture as language and then used that knowledge to analyze architecture in J. R. R. Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings Trilogy. This work started with looking at how architecture and language function as a direct result of a culture, which led to analyzing what cultural information was projected from a structure. Next, the Lord of the Rings Trilogy was read, noting the different cultures and how their architecture reflected their values. The descriptions in the books were then compared to what forms took shape in the trilogy’s films.

Hobbit Architecture 8

Joseph Dvorak ’14 Studies in War and Peace (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Steven Sodergren)

Emily Flinn ’14 Biology (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Karen Hinkle)

The Brook Stickleback is a species of fish that has recently been discovered in Northfield. This particular fish must have been around far longer in this area and could not have possibly just shown up in recent years. Sometime during the last ice age it was possible for this tiny fish to enter our region though one of two ways—from near Mississippi or from Maine. DNA sequencing and these cladagrams were used to determine if species found in Northfield relate more closely to those found in Maine or Mississippi.

Finite Element Modeling and Verification Testing of Tempered/ Laminated Glass

Peter Gill ’14 Mechanical Engineering (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Edwin Schmeckpeper) This project studied the strength of tempered/ laminated glass, which may have the potential to replace asphalt in roadways while absorbing solar rays. The project’s originator, Solar Roadways, hopes results will provide the data necessary for promoting their vision for clean, renewable energy, while decreasing the need for petroleumbased asphalt.

Analyzing Cellular Effects of an Environmental Toxin Using Short Time Series Microarray Data Jacob Griffin ’14 Biology (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Karen Hinkle)

The toxin 3-trifluromethyl-4-nitrophenol (TFM) is a lampricide currently being used in the Lake Champlain tributary system to selectively kill sea lamprey larvae; however, non-target species have also experienced mortality. Ongoing work has used microarrays and the measurements of the effects of TFM on gene expression in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This particular study analyzed several different methods used to filter the massive amount of data from the microarrays and then compared the results. 

Investigation of Functional Consequences of a NovP site in the SRC Family Kinase FYN

Wes Jansen ’14 Biology (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Karen Hinkle) Phosphorylation—adding a phosphate chemical group to a target protein—results in conformational changes that can alter a biological pathway. Recent studies have identified several phosphorylation sites on Fyn, a protein known to be important in brain development. The overall goal of this project was to test whether phosphorylation of Fyn at these sites reduced or altered binding to other protein substrates.

Automation of a Submarine

Kenneth Knight ’15 Electrical and Computer Engineering (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Jacques Beneat) This research project used a microcomputer to allow an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) to move and maintain its course in an environment similar to that of Europa, a moon of Jupiter predicted to have life underneath the ice crust. The objective was to formulate which gridding patterns—such as the flower or the square— work best. The results could be applied to future navigation of AUVs under the ice, as well as other navigational robots.

Collecting elusive Turbellarian flatworms. 9

Soil-Cement: Impacts of Cement Content, Water Content, and Curing Condition on Unconfined Compressive Strength of Soil-Cement Prapat Kotpat ’14 Civil Engineering (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Adam Sevi)

Soil-cement is a strength-improved material used in civil engineering construction. The objective of this research was to find the effects and relationships to the strength of soil-cement caused by three major variables: cement content, water content, and curing conditions. Silty soil is available locally in Northfield, Vermont. The soil sample of this study was silt obtained from the “North Hall” dormitory construction site at Norwich University. Cement content, water content, and curing condition were varied to produce the soil-cement specimens for subsequent strength testing.

Animal Architecture: On the Integration of Rain Gardens, Green Roofs, and Native Landscaping into an Architectural Project Acting in Conjunction to Restore Habitats of Indigenous Vermont Species Nevin Leary ’14 Architectural Studies (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Danny Sagan)

Can buildings not only act as ‘sustainable’ human entities, but contribute to indigenous species in Vermont? This study focused on the design and integration of green roof and living wall systems, soil studies, biome studies, species habitat and diet studies, edible plant replacement, and site water management systems, while considering site-harvested materials and earth-sheltering systems. The result was a “howto” manual on the integration of these ideas into an 1,800-square-foot residence. 10

Passenger Zeppelins in the 1920s: Symbol of an Era of Opulence and Nationalism

Measures of EEG Alpha Coherence as an Index of Increased Relaxation Following Transcendental Meditation Practice

The zeppelin was a German invention, and only the Germans were good at making them. Therefore, the flights of the Graf Zeppelin and Hindenburg were a source of German pride in a world where everyone saw Germany as a war-mongering nation. This research project focused on passenger zeppelins as a symbol, not of power and money, but of Germany’s return to engineering greatness following World War I.

Alpha coherence is a brain wave analysis that provides an index of balance. During the past two years, Transcendental Meditation (TM®) technique was taught to random samples of cadets attending Norwich University. Using data from a sample of 120 cadets, decreased levels of self-reported stress and anxiety were found following TM® training. It was predicted that the EEG alpha coherence will be greater in this sample, with those experiencing less reported stress showing the highest EEG alpha coherence.

James Letcher ’15 History (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Emily Gray)

Pervious Concrete: A Testing of Traits and Researching Global Feasibility Susan Limberg ’14 Civil Enginering (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Edwin Schmeckpeper)

Pervious concrete is pavement that allows water to flow through it, thus reducing the need for external storm-water systems. Previous research methods used to compact concrete produced irregular results. In this study, a vibrating table maximized the compaction without sinking the cement paste to the bottom of the sample. The samples cured in a lime-bath for 28 days. They were oven dried and tested for void content, permeability, and compression. The data was assessed and will be used as the foundation for future work in the field.

Emily Lobacz ’14 Psychology (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Kevin Fleming)

Paving the Way to an Antibiotic: Developing a Method for Observing the Reaction of GatCAB Jordan McCarthy ’14 Chemistry (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Ethan Guth)

This research explored various procedures for mass synthesis of the enzyme GatCAB from various strains of E. coli bacteria. Over the summer, ten batches of E. coli were grown and harvested for enzyme production. As a result, a much greater understanding of culturing, harvesting, and analyzing GatCAB was achieved, and the success rate for producing E. coli had increased dramatically by the end of the summer.

The Architecture of Insanity: a Study of Rhetoric in Edgar Allan Poe’s Short Fiction Evanna Mills ’14 Political Science

(Faculty Mentor: Prof. Amy Woodbury Tease) This project focused on how insanity manifests in literature, specifically through the works of Edgar Allan Poe. By closely examining The Cask of Amontillado, The Black Cat, and The Tell-Tale Heart, the researcher analyzed how Poe constructs insanity in his works and found that Poe maintains insanity to be a natural extension of the human condition.

Exploring Magmatic Flow by Analyzing Fabric: Elba Island, Italy Joshua Olden ’14 Geology (Faculty Mentor: Prof. David Westerman)

How were the magmatic rock bodies on Elba Island, specifically the Portoferraio porphyry, emplaced roughly eight million years ago? Using measured crystal orientations in igneous rock, “snapshots” of the waning stages of flow were obtained. Understanding patterns of magma flow helps geologists reconstruct emplacement of such intrusions, which are commonly associated with metallic ore deposits.

Automated Underwater Vehicle: Communications Kenneth Owens ’15 Electrical and Computer Engineering (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Jacques Beneat)

This project involved building a wireless monitoring system on an AUV that could both actively observe and, if need be, control the vehicle from an on-shore

computer. The application of this research allows for an open-source system that can be easily adapted to transmit more data and even live video or data collected from any other experimental equipment that could be placed on the AUV itself.

UAV-Enabled Extension of Wireless Connectivity

William Perry ’16 Computer Science (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Jeremy Hansen) This project looked to address the need for a highly adaptable, rapidly deployable, mobile communication infrastructure for the data age. A small quadri-copter was chosen as the platform from which to base this network, with the Raspberry Pi piggybacking on it as the workhorse providing infrastructure. An extremely problematic proof-of-concept model highlights the potential for this “off-the-shelf ” technology to revolutionize the way the world around us interacts.

How Does the Freedom Fighter/Terrorist Paradigm Unfold in Film for the IRA and al-Qaeda Over Time? Gianni Pratico ’14 Criminal Justice (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Travis Morris)

This research sought to answer the question: How is the freedom fighter/terrorist paradigm framed over time in film in relation to the IRA and al-Qaeda? Using a comparative research design, the portrayal of both groups in film was examined. The significance of this research is that it can provide us with a model of perception that audiences may have for future groups.

Humanitarian Factors vs. Risk Factors: The Making of a Combat Veteran and a Criminal Offender Roxanne Rodriguez ’14 Criminal Justice (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Elizabeth Gurian)

Criminologists have suggested that “risk factors” such as poor parental and peer figures, antisocial behavior, or poor school performance can help explain the behavior of individuals society considers “malevolent” (serial homicide offenders). In contrast, “humanitarian factors” such as positive parental and peer figures, altruism, or good school performance may help explain the behavior of “benevolent” individuals (police officers, firefighters, or military servicemen). This research explored how risk factors and humanitarian factors may explain behavioral differences between violent offenders and military servicemen, and why these individuals choose such different life paths.

The Shift in American Attitudes Regarding Thomas Paine from 1776–1809 Morgan Ross ’15 History (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Gary Lord)

Today, American political activist Thomas Paine is typically revered for his powerful writings during the American Revolution. However, during his own time, public opinion began to shift as a result of his writings during the French Revolution, specifically, The Rights of Man (1791), and a subsequent publication, Age of Reason (1795), regarding Deism. This project analyzed the change in public opinion of Paine from his publication of Common Sense in 1776 to his death in 1809. 11

Innovative Insulin Pump Through Use of Modern Technology

The Effects of Traumatic Images on Heart Rate and Galvanic Skin Response

Narrative Architecture: An Investigation into the Cultural Value of Craft

Ian Sellers ’15 Mechanical Engineering (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Michael Prairie)

William Tinney ’14 Criminal Justice (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Kevin Fleming)

Daniel Wheeler ’15 Architectural Studies (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Tolya Stonorov)

Insulin pump technology has been around since the early 1960s; however, it wasn’t widely used until the 1970s. Current insulin pumps revolve around the same basic principles as past pumps, and have three parts: the delivery mechanism, the battery, and the circuitry. This research focused on the delivery mechanism where the largest opportunity for miniaturization exists. Rather than using the traditional piston assembly, it employed a piezoelectric diaphragm that vibrates when a voltage is applied. That vibration can be directed into a cavity that will cause a large pressure change to pump insulin. The deflection of a piezoelectric diaphragm is small enough that it can be used to pump a controlled volume of insulin over a given time.

Traumatic experiences are the basis for a wide range of psychopathologies including depression, anxiety disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Prior research at Norwich University has shown that pupil dilation occurs for trauma-relevant stimuli in both veterans and cadets. This study measured physiological responses—including heart rate and galvanic skin conductance—to traumatic images: specifically the presentation of baseline neutral set of stimuli for one minute, followed by traumatic images from the IAPS database for one minute, and a return to baseline set of neutral images for one minute. It was predicted that both heart rate and galvanic skin response would increase in response to the traumatic images.

This project studied architecture’s role in reflecting the story of a culture through highly crafted buildings. To facilitate this investigation, first-person observation and documentation of Swiss architect Peter Zumthor’s buildings was achieved through travel to Switzerland and Austria. Documentation was achieved via a multimedia approach. In contrast to the written word or imagery, architecture possesses the unique ability to provide historic narrative through an individual experience, expressed through its human creation.

Analyzing Multiple Intelligences as Affected by the Education of Music or Second Language

Underwater Object Detection

This software engineering project explored the possibility of using a non-relational database to link together various pieces of custom software. Large corporations such as Google and Amazon use non-relational databases to deal with large data sets. However, in laboratory settings adoption has been minimal. This exploratory work has been successful, and the now-working database acts as the intermediary between the computer-controlled oscilloscope, data analysis software, and the webbased front end monitoring tools. The laboratory setup on campus is being used to measurement optical properties of a liquid scintillator that will be used in a large underground experiment that investigates the fundamental properties of neutrinos.

Meagan Snyder ’14 Spanish (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Diane Byrne) Using the perspective of a bilingual Vermonter to interpret her findings, this researcher analyzed the Vermont school curriculum to see how the study of non-native language might enhance that curriculum. Results suggest that learning a second language has a significant influence on multiple intelligences, and that foreign language courses should not be systematically viewed as “disposable” or “extra.” 12

Nathan Tong ’15 Electrical and Computer Engineering (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Jacques Beneat) The objective of this project was to create an active sonar prototype capable of underwater object detection using sensors operating in the ultrasonic/ sonar frequency range. The hardware development was largely based around the capabilities of the Arduino embedded systems platform—the brain of the unit—while software development focused on digital processing of the signals from the receiver circuit, in addition to controlling the initial ping transmission. The prototype is currently able to detect objects between 0.5 and 1 meter.

Light Yield Measurements of Scintillator Branden Wilson ’16 Computer Science (Faculty Mentor: Prof. Robert Knapik)

Charles A. Dana Professor Emeritus of Biology Edward Carney with a student. 13

A Catalyst for Transformation Norwich University: A showcase for the Vermont Genetics Network

Norwich University biology professor Karen Hinkle with her lab assistant, Anthony Sassi. A 2011 Norwich graduate with a bachelor’s in biology, Sassi recently earned a master’s in parasitology from McGill University. His work at Norwich is funded through May 2014 by Hinkle’s VGN grant. 14

VGN-funded Norwich Faculty When Norwich University biology professor Karen Hinkle sat down next to Bryan Ballif at a Vermont Genetics Network workshop and dinner in 2011, little did she know she was on the brink of an exciting new adventure. Though Hinkle was already well-familiar with Ballif—a noted University of Vermont professor and leading biologist in the study of brain development— and though she had met him before in passing, the VGN function offered the ideal blend of timing and opportunity. The two struck up a conversation, during which Hinkle mentioned her upcoming sabbatical. On the spot, Ballif offered Hinkle a position in his lab, and thus began a professional relationship that has transformed Hinkle as a scientist and a teacher. Hinkle worked in Ballif ’s lab at UVM for the 2011–12 academic year, assisting him in the study of Fyn, a protein involved with brain development. “There are some newly identified molecular [on-off] switches on this protein that can change its structure, and so can change its function,” Hinkle explains. If the molecular switches play a role in the regulation of the Fyn protein, they could be potential targets for pharmaceutical therapies. The Fyn protein is not only involved in brain development, but is also implicated in a variety of cancers. Imagine the possibility of flipping a molecular switch as a therapy for cancer. Hinkle says, that is of course, way down the line. Right now, their primary focus is analyzing the function of the switches. Hinkle came on board Ballif ’s National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded project after he had already identified the molecular switches of many different proteins. Her research—analyzing three sites on a single molecule where switches may be found—was an offshoot of Ballif ’s larger-scale project. When Hinkle’s

sabbatical concluded in 2012, she brought her “little chunk” of the research back to her lab at Norwich (a lab she had built and gradually outfitted since VGN began funding her scientific research efforts in 2005), and continued the work she had begun at UVM. Bryan Ballif reflects that throughout his career (and despite his independent nature) he has found mutually beneficial success in working hard with strong individuals. “So, when I learned that Karen was considering a sabbatical position close to home, it was a no-brainer to offer her a position in my lab.” Ballif already knew from Hinkle’s reputation that she was energetic and well-regarded, and that his students would benefit from her experience and wisdom, but beyond that he saw the advantage of having a seasoned PhD join his efforts on the NSF grant. “I realized that it would be a great opportunity for Karen to explore new avenues of research that she could bring back to Norwich and her students. What a great way for us to work together to educate students while exploring our scientific scholarship. Win! Win! Win!” Now friends, Hinkle and Ballif have carried on their collaboration: They were recently co-authors on a paper based on their research, published in FEBS Letters. And while the National Science Foundation remains the primary funding source for Ballif ’s Fynprotein research, much of the support for Hinkle’s participation is made possible thanks to annual awards from the Vermont Genetics Network.

Carole Bandy and Kevin Fleming Professors of psychology

Funded: 2006 – present ($333,861) Research: Perception of Threat in Military vs. Civilian Students: Eye-Movement and Brain ERP Data

Natalia Blank

Associate professor of chemistry Funded: 2007 – 2011 ($221,109) Research: Synthesis of Chiral 1, 2-Diamines via Asymmetric Addition of RLi to 1,2-Diimines

Megan Doczi

Assistant professor of biology Funded: 2012 – present ($135,000) Research: Developmental Regulation of Kv1.3 Channels in Neurons of the Avian Hypothalamus

Ethan Guth

Assistant professor of chemistry Funded: 2013 ($25,000) Research: Mechanistic Investigation of the Bacterial specific Amidotransferase GatCAB

Karen Hinkle

Associate professor of biology Funded: 2005 – present ($465,274) Research: Functional Investigation of Novel Phosphotyrosines in the Src Family kinase Fyn

Darlene Olsen

Building Bridges Karen Hinkle knows firsthand the value of the VGN/ higher-ed partnership, which enables her to participate in important scientific research that raises both her profile and that of the University, while reinforcing Norwich University’s mission as a teaching institution. The research is based at UVM, but Hinkle has taken an arm of that project and transported it to Northfield,

Associate professor of mathematics Funded: 2008, 2011 – present ($82,926) Research: The KZ Algorithm for Statistical Analysis of Long Time Course Micorarray Data

Elizabeth C. Wuorinen

Associate professor of physical education Funded: 2006 – 2011 ($303,950) Research: Exercise Intensity and Appetite Suppression 15

giving herself and her students the opportunity to work on research of high scientific significance. The VGN research grant—an award of $65,000 for academic year 2013–14—allows Hinkle the flexibility of a reduced teaching load: three classes per semester versus the customary four. She spends one day a week at UVM attending meetings and working in Ballif ’s lab, and she maintains an active lab at Norwich University. The funding also allows her to offer compensation to undergraduate research technicians. This collaboration between a top-rated scientist from the State of Vermont’s flagship research institution and a biology professor from a small, independent, military college did not come about purely by chance. Building bridges so that the Bryan Ballifs and Karen Hinkles can work together is one of the key functions of VGN, an organization created to cultivate scientific research in Vermont. Drawing funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), VGN is based at the University of Vermont under the direction of Judith Van Houten, University Distinguished Professor and George H. Perkins Professor of Biology. As principal investigator, she administers the awarding of grants and fellowships with $16.5 million from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences as part of the NIH initiative, IDeA Networks of Biomedical Research Excellence (INBRE). Norwich University, one of the organization’s seven Baccalaureate Partner Institutions statewide, has grown and thrived over a 13-year affiliation with VGN. “The Vermont Genetics Network invests in faculty, students, and laboratory space in order to build cultures of research at institutions of higher education in Vermont,” says VGN Director Van Houten. “Faculty, students, and administrators at Norwich University have embraced the mission of VGN and leveraged VGN’s investments in order to enrich undergraduate education through research experiences.” 16

According to David Westerman, associate vice president for research at Norwich University, having a scholarly-active faculty improves the quality of the education that you are able to provide to the students. “There is overwhelming evidence that faculty who are engaged in asking questions and engaged in scholarly work bring that sense of excitement and curiosity to the classroom, which in turn enhances the teaching and the learning experience,” Westerman says.

Ripple Effect As Norwich University’s VGN Baccalaureate Partnership evolves, Norwich gains visibility as an institution known for valuable contributions to science at the international, national, and state levels. Three years ago, Norwich added educational outreach to its VGN-related assets when it became home to the VGN Outreach Program, which came with three grant-funded university staff positions. Van Houten recognizes the Outreach Program for the value it brings to Vermont’s culture of science: “Norwich University graciously hosts an office for VGN staff who travel through Vermont bringing state-of-the-art technology and protocols to college classrooms through our Outreach Program.” At the local level, the VGN-Norwich partnership has also created a campus-wide “ripple effect.” Guiyou Huang, senior vice president for academic affairs at Norwich University, believes that the VGN-funded Norwich faculty and students are setting an example of interdisciplinary and interinstitution collaboration that elevates the whole of the University. “Our faculty are very committed to STEM education and to student research,” Huang says. “That’s a very important message to spread to the rest of the community. The faculty deserve commendation for what they do, especially the ones involved in VGN.”

A Catalyst for Transformation Having been funded by VGN for various projects virtually since the day she landed on the institution’s doorstep, Hinkle is able to offer a long perspective on the Vermont Genetics Network’s contribution to the transformation of Norwich University. “It’s been really cool to see that progression from where my life was as a teacher-scientist at Norwich in 2003 and where it is ten years exactly later, 2013. I can honestly say that VGN support has been the catalyst for that.” Since Norwich began its partnership with VGN 13 years ago, annual grant awards have increased from less than $25,000 to nearly $1 million. This meteoric rise in support indicates that Norwich is doing something right. In fact, Van Houten has called Norwich University “a showcase for the best of VGN.” Norwich University President Richard W. Schneider believes the impact of the partnership extends far beyond measurable results. “Vermont Genetics Network has given our great institution the resources to play an important role in the advancement of science and medicine,” Schneider says. “VGN is tied, indelibly, to Norwich University’s success, and we will continue to answer VGN’s generosity with excellence.”

- Elizabeth C. Wuorinen

“ ,


- Megan Doc

- Natalia Blank


- Kevin K. Fleming

- Darlene Olsen 17

Independent Study Leaves ISLs are awarded based on scholarly proposals, and are intended to enhance the professional effectiveness of faculty through study, research, writing, travel related to professional development, and/or practical experience in the faculty member’s field.


Fundulus heteroclitus

Edward Carney

Kevin K. Fleming

Dr. Carney’s research focused on isolating and identifying the bacteria associated with the surface of the teleost fish, Fundulus heteroclitus, obtained from both New Bedford Harbor (a superfund site) and from the coastal waters at Sandwich, Mass. The isolated bacteria were assessed for their ability to break down dioxins and other polychlorinated hydrocarbons associated with the superfund site. The goal of the study was to determine if the two bacterial populations exhibited significant differences in their polychlorinated hydrocarbon degradation profile, which could result in their possible use in bioremediation. The bacteria from the two sampled fish populations appeared to be significantly different, possibly reflecting the selective pressures exerted by their respective environments.

Dr. Fleming’s research examined both the ERN (error-related negativity) and the novelty P300 (an event-related potential component elicited in the process of decision-making) as predictors of trauma and stress reactions in military cadets as well as in combat veterans. A significant negative correlation was found between the P300 amplitude for attended tones and the ERN negative deflection in the weapon identification task, r (25) = -.393, p = .043. Higher amplitude P300s were associated with deeper ERN deflections. This result suggests that the novelty P300 and the ERN originate from the same frontal midline source, possibly the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). However, the connection between ERN and pathology are less clear. The ERN did not correlate significantly with measures of PTSD, hypervigilance, dissociative experiences, and depression, while the novelty P300 correlated significantly only with trauma, r (25) = -.388, p = .046.

A Molecular Bacterial Profile of the Surface of the Teleost Fish, Fundulus heteroclitus, and Assessment of Metabolic Abilities to Biodegrade Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB) and other Cyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Predicting Stress and Trauma Reactions using ACC-Generated ERPs

R. Danner Friend

Building Upon Scholarship and Expertise in Aerospace Engineering Dr. Friend’s research on CubeSats (a class of miniature spacecraft designed primarily for missions in near earth orbit) focuses on investigating the feasibility of implementing an autonomous navigation system for a future Lunar Mission. At Goddard Space Flight Center, Friend presented the results of his research to NASA subject-matter experts—a precursor to his presentation to an international forum at the Second Interplanetary CubeSat Workshop at Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y. in May 2013. He also authored “Development of Aerospace EngineeringFocused Undergraduate Research at a Small University: Accomplishments and Lessons Learned,” which was accepted for publication and presentation at the 2013 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference and Exposition in Atlanta, Georgia. Additionally, he created teaching materials to help students master the more complex concepts in celestial navigation.

Scott Page

Molecular Phylogeny of New World Monkeys as Inferred from Two Unlinked Nuclear Loci and Whole Mitochondrial Genome Phylogeny of Terrestrial Vertebrates Dr. Page’s first project, in collaboration with Dr. Chi-Hua Chiu of Kent State University, examined the evolutionary relationships among the New World Monkeys using DNA sequence data from the gamma1 and gamma2 globin genes as well as the data from the serum albumin gene. The second project utilized the complete mitochondrial genome sequence data for over 200 living terrestrial vertebrate species, each representing a distinct Genus. The data was used to reconstruct the phylogenetic relationships of this diverse group of vertebrates who share a common ancestry going back more than 350 million years. Work was also begun on a supplementary evolutionary biology textbook.

Jamie Demers (left) and Karina Delgado (center), with mentor, Professor R. Danner Friend, receiving awards for Excellence in Mentored Undergraduate Research at the Vermont Space Grant Consortium Awards Ceremony.

Lea Williams

Ellen N. La Motte: The Making of a Nurse, Activist, and Writer Dr. Williams focused on part of her long-term project—a biography of Ellen N. La Motte (18731961), a nurse, writer, and activist. As part of this effort, she wrote an article about the development of La Motte’s views regarding the prevention and treatment of tuberculosis, particularly her controversial statements about the uses and limits of education as a tool in the fight against the disease. The article is currently under a second review with a peer-reviewed journal. Williams also reviewed recent scholarship about women and World War I, and began drafting a piece on how La Motte began work as a war nurse, and strategies she used to bring those experiences into written form.

Ellen N. LaMotte is the subject of a biography being written by Lea Williams. 19

New Faculty

Norwich University is pleased to mark the arrivals and advancements of twelve “new” faculty in the tenure-track ranks. Nine are new faces on campus, including a new director of the school of nursing, two advanced from non-tenure track to tenure-track, and one moved from dean of a school to dean of a college.



Assistant Professor of Accounting and Finance

SEAN KRAMER Assistant Professor of Mathematics




Area of Specialty: Microbiology

Area of Specialty: Asset Pricing, Initial Public Debt Offerings, Earnings Management

Area of Specialty: Dynamical Systems, Oceanography, Remote Sensing, Synchronization

Area of Specialty: Chinese Language and Culture

Area of Specialty: Modern Religious Architecture

Area of Specialty: Political Psychology, Legislative Behavior

Dissertation Title: “The Effect of Firm-Specific Stock Returns Variation on R-Square: From the Perspective of the Accrual Anomaly”

Dissertation Title: “Oceanographic Modeling with Hyperspectral Satellite Imagery”

Dissertation Title: “Images of China in 20th-Century Colonial Discourse”

Dissertation Title: “The Modern Church in Rome: On the Interpretation of Architectural and Theological Identities, 1950–80”

Dissertation Title: “The Behavioral Consequences of Personality in State Legislatures”

Assistant Professor of Biology

Dissertation Title: “A Study of Global Gene Expression in the Cyanobacterium Nostoc punctiforme During Nitrogen Starvation and the Effect of hetF and hetR” Degrees: PhD Microbiology, 2011, University of California, Davis; BS Microbiology, 2002, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.


Degrees: PhD Economics, 2009, Graduate Center, City University of New York; MA Economics, 2001, CUNY; MS Finance, 1998, Drexel University; MBA, 1995 Chinese Culture University; BA International Trade, 1992, Chinese Culture University.

Degrees: PhD Mathematics, 2013, Clarkson University; MS Mathematics, 2011, Clarkson University; MA Mathematics, 2008, Villanova University; BA, Mathematics and Secondary Education, 2005, Eastern University.

Assistant Professor of Chinese

Degrees: PhD Comparative Literature, 1995, University of Texas at Austin; MA English, 1986, Jinan University; BA Sichuan Institute of Foreign Languages, China.

Assistant Professor of Architectural History

Degrees: PhD Architectural History and Theory, 2010, University of Texas at Austin; MA Philosophy, 2001, California State University, Long Beach; Bachelor of Architecture, 1990, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona.

Assistant Professor of Political Science

Degrees: PhD Political Science, 2013, University of Illinois; MA Political Science, 2012, University of Illinois; BA Political Science, 2008, Furman University.







Area of Specialty: Architectural Design: materiality, fabrication, and craft

Area of Specialty: Visual Attention, Human Memory, Information Processing

Area of Specialty: Corrections, Mixed Methods, Philosophy of Justice 

Area of Specialty: Digital Design, Delineation

Area of Specialty: Organic Chemistry

Area of Specialty: Psychiatric and Clinical Nursing, Nursing Administration

Thesis Title: “‘Between the Office’: the Relationship of the Female Garment to Architecture”

Dissertation Title: “When Nothing Captures Attention: Novel Objects Automatically Capture Visuospatial Attention”

Dissertation Title: “Mapping Knowledge  Transfer: Latvian Canadian Cooperation and Justice Reform”

Degrees: PhD Cognitive/ Experimental Psychology, 2013, University at Albany; BA Psychology, 2007, University at Albany.

Degrees: PhD Criminology, 2009, School of Criminology, Simon Fraser University; LLM International Law and Legal Studies, 2001, Durham University; BA Political Science, Dalhousie University.

Assistant Professor of Architecture

Degrees: Master of Architecture, 2003, University of California, Berkley; BA, Art and Third World Studies, 1998, Oberlin College.

Assistant Professor of Psychology

Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice

Dean of the College of Professional Schools, and Professor of Architecture

Thesis Title: “One Place[s] for Living with the Wind, an Exploration of Dynamic Environments” Degrees: Master of Architecture, 1997, Cranbrook Academy of Art; Bachelor of Architecture, 1992, Carnegie Mellon University.

Dean of the College of Science and Mathematics, and Professor of Chemistry

Dissertation Title: “The Use of B-Haloboranes in Solution and on Alumina in Organic Chemistry” Degrees: PhD Organic Chemistry, 1997, University of Tennessee; BS Chemistry, 1992, Elizabethtown College.

Director of the School of Nursing, and Associate Professor of Nursing

Dissertation Title: “The Effects of the Selective Early Retirement Board (SERB) on Field-Grade Army Nurses” Degrees: PhD Organizational Behavior and Development, 1998, George Washington University; MSN Psychiatric-Clinical Nurse Specialist, 1976, The University of Texas; BS Nursing, 1971, Wagner College.


Research Release Awards Faculty Release-time Awards, funded by the Chase Endowment for Academic Excellence, enhance the professional productivity of tenured and tenure-track faculty by providing 25 percent release time from teaching to work on a scholarly project related to their professional development.

Carole Bandy

Jacques Beneat

Dr. Bandy successfully completed a replication of the 2011–2012 longitudinal study on cadet resiliency training and its effects in preventing a debilitating response to threat. Sixty freshman cadets were randomly assigned to either the immediate resilience training or delayed training platoons. A battery of 10 questionnaires was administered to all of the rooks on the fourth day of rook week, prior to the intervention, again after nine weeks, and once more after six months. In addition, neural and behavioral measures were obtained for each subject at baseline and again after six months. Scoring and analysis of all of the questionnaire data was completed and the results fully replicate the strong effect sizes for the 2011-2012 cohort. To summarize, negative feeling states including depression, anxiety, stress, and disordered moods all decreased significantly among the TM®-trained rooks compared to the control rooks. Likewise, positive orientation such as resilience, behavioral and emotional coping, and constructive, cause-effect thinking all increased significantly. Significant changes in brain Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) were also found over time for the TM®-trained group but not for the controls. P300 to novel sounds was diminished for the TM®-trained platoon as was hyper-vigilance.

Dr. Beneat, along with his colleague Dr. Friend, has worked at laying the foundation for CubeSat satellite research at Norwich University since spring 2010. A CubeSat is a miniature, cube-shaped satellite with 10-centimeter sides weighing less than 1.3 kilograms. In fall 2012, release time from Norwich University was used to conduct research for the design and development of a CubeSat attitude and position determination board that can be used for autonomous navigation of a CubeSat spacecraft. The board will complement navigation using GPS positioning data and software developed by Goddard Space Flight Center (called GEONS) by providing attitude and position data based on celestial images when traveling beyond GPS coverage for autonomous Moon missions.

A Longitudinal Study for Building Resilience to Stress in Freshman Cadets

Frederick Douglass was the subject of research by Patricia Ferriera on anti-slavery efforts in Ireland. 22

Star Tracker for Autonomous Attitude and Positioning Determination System

Testing the CubeSat camera prior to launch.

Brett Cox

Modern Masters of Science Fiction: Roger Zelazny Dr. Cox’s ongoing project will result in a book-length study of the work of the American science fiction and fantasy writer Roger Zelazny (1937–1995). Zelazny’s award-winning novel Lord of Light (1967) was a high point of the 1960s “New Wave” of literarily ambitious science fiction (and, decades later, the basis of the unproduced screenplay at the heart of the events dramatized in the film Argo). His Chronicles of Amber fantasy novels (1970–1991) were a precursor to, and a strong influence on, George R.R. Martin’s Game of Thrones novels. The book will survey Zelazny’s career while interrogating the commonly-held critical stance that Zelazny’s later work never matched the brilliant innovations of his early fiction.

Patricia Ferriera

Irish Merchant Princess and Abolitionist: The Story of Isabel Jennings Dr. Ferreira continued exploring Frederick Douglass’ anti-slavery tour in Ireland during the height of the cataclysmic famine. When Douglass, the 19th Century’s foremost abolitionist, published his 1845 autobiography in Boston, he risked capture back into slavery. He fled first to Ireland where, despite desperate conditions of poverty and starvation, he was embraced and supported. In fact, a Dublin press was the first to publish Douglass’ autobiography outside the United States. Ferreira is currently engaged in studying one of Douglass’ closest Irish compatriots, Isabel Jennings from Cork. The study includes transcribing and annotating Jennings’ letters to illustrate how a woman confined by the parochial and patriarchal mores of Irish society garnered the pluck to become a formidable figure in the spirited Hibernian AntiSlavery Society. Dr. Ferreira’s work on Irish anti-

slavery efforts led National Book Award winner Colum McCann to enlist her as a research consultant for his newly released novel TransAtlantic (Random House, 2013).

Seth H. Frisbie

Inventing an Instrument for the Ultra-sensitive Measurement of Arsenic in Drinking Water

Dr. Frisbie continued research on refining the prototype for ultrasensitive measurement of arsenic in drinking water. Safety issues associated with the prototype were addressed. A series of experiments determined the sources of unsafe pressure buildup; controls were installed to fix this problem. Other experiments determined why highly combustible hydrogen gas was released and additional controls were installed that solved this problem. The printed circuit board that controls the flame ion detector (FID) subsequently failed, and it was determined that it was more cost-effective to replace the FID with a photoionization detector (PID). A PID was identified and ordered that can measure arsenic in water to less than 100 parts per trillion once it is incorporated in the prototype.

Ethan Guth

Development of a Novel Assay for Activity of the Bacterial Transamidase GatCAB Despite the seemingly endless diversity in the natural world, the fundamental features of all living organisms are remarkably similar: all organisms define the cell as the basic unit of life, the activities of which are

governed by the cell’s genetic material, DNA, decoded as functional molecules called enzymes. From this perspective, enzymes can be seen as the effector molecules of the cell and, by extrapolation, life itself. The purpose of Dr. Guth’s research is to understand how these specific pieces of biochemical “machinery” function at the detailed level through biophysical characterization, including pre-steady-state and steady-state kinetics, fluorescence biosensor, and site-directed mutagenesis. Currently, work is centered on an interesting enzyme called GatCAB, found only in bacteria. A better understanding of this particular enzyme could lead to the development of novel antibiotics, the need for which is steadily increasing due to the alarming rise in the incidence of multidrug–resistant bacteria.

Tara Kulkarni

Modeling Exposures from Vapor Intrusion in Vermont Vapor Intrusion (VI) occurs when Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) migrate from the contaminated soil and groundwater into indoor spaces of overlying buildings through passageways such as cracks in basements or foundations. This pathway remains one of the top environmental issues across the nation, with limited guidance on assessing and mitigating VI exposures. Dr. Kulkarni’s project compared the recent final guidance published by the United States Environmental Protection Agency with the April 2012 Vermont guidance, to serve as the basis for a framework to address VI incidents in Vermont. VOC exposure data from Vermont sites were also modeled using equations from the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry to determine the potential risk to adults and children from such exposures.


The writings also showed how religion and writing combined to create individual spiritual power. (Primary writings by: Abigail Adams, Esther Edwards Burr, Elizabeth Cranch Norton, Anna Green Winslow).

Carl Martin

Spectres of Chivalry in Marlowe’s Edward the Second Dr. Martin’s release-time project expanded a conference paper on Christopher Marlowe’s history play Edward II (1592–3) into an article for a peerreviewed journal. Recently renamed “‘Words will serve’: Edward II’s Military Pretensions,” the paper argued that Edward II, which concerns the unsuccessful reign of the eponymous English king, interrogated the aspirations of aristocrats to demonstrate their power through personalized military activity. The play shows us an ineffectual king confronted by a rebellious nobility that celebrates its heroics but which, like the king, actually relies upon rhetorical devices that shield them from combat: truce, ransom, even assassination. Since Marlowe wrote when Elizabeth I ruled Britain, the play can be understood as a commentary on the end of patriarchal politics underwritten by male chivalric exploits.


“The Creation of Identity: Women’s Writing as Power in Eighteenth-Century Boston.” Eighteenth-Century letter and diary writing was widespread among literate women on both sides of the Atlantic. This writing allowed women to create public representations of their identities within the private space of the home, which they then used to situate themselves within the larger society. While superficially discussing acceptable female topics, many critiques were aimed at the status quo, gendered and otherwise, displaying a covert deployment of personal power. In addition, these writings had to endure the control of later generations, so they also had to survive the moral judgment of the more restrictive 19th-Century societies.

Christine McCann

Kathleen McDonald

Response to Desert: Spiritual Mentoring in the Latin West

In Their Own Words: The Private Writings of Eighteenth-Century Bostonian Women

Robert McKay

Dr. McCann’s research investigated the dynamics of Christian spiritual mentoring relationships in the later Roman Empire, a time when Christianity was becoming widespread. Her research focused on the interest that elite Western Christians took in the new monastic movements in the deserts of the Eastern Empire. Most Eastern monks and nuns were not from the elite levels of society; thus, Western Christians found it necessary to adapt the practices of Eastern spiritual mentoring for a different milieu. McCann examined the works of three influential Westerners, St. Augustine of Hippo, St. Jerome, and John Cassian to show the range of responses to desert monasticism. Their attitudes influenced Western Christianity for centuries, as their works were read and copied in the monasteries of Western Europe.

“I am stubborn, willful, disobedient: EighteenthCentury Boston Women, Religious Expectations.” In 18th-Century Boston, the socially dominant group comprised white, literate, neo-Calvinist males. The private writings of the sisters, daughters, wives and mothers of these men were the focus of Dr. McDonald’s article, and they foreground how crucial the religious teachings were for these individuals. However, they also described when these teachings failed the women, and illustrated the difficulties that arose when the belief that religion could conquer all encountered challenge. In addition, this article highlighted the key role literacy played in allowing these women to work through joys, tragedies, and perhaps more importantly, the minutiae of daily life.

Dr. McKay’s project involved a reinterpretation of the ethical theory of Samuel Clarke (1675–1729). Clarke was an important English philosopher of the early 18th Century, one of the so-called British Moralists of the period between Thomas Hobbes and Jeremy Bentham. As a pupil and associate of Sir Isaac Newton, he was also known as a sophisticated defender of the latter’s theory of space and time (the Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence of 1715–16) and of their common, mildly heretical, theological opinions (Scripture Doctrine of the Trinity, 1712). His reputation as a moral philosopher rests on his 1705 Boyle Lectures on “The Unchangeable Obligations of Natural Religion.” Since the reawakening of interest in Clarke’s work in the late 19th and 20th centuries, he has been cast, and generally dismissed,

Samuel Clarke’s Place in the History of Ethics

as a “rational intuitionist.” Dr. McKay contended that this anachronistic characterization resulted from too superficial a reading of the Lectures. In fact, what Clarke proposed is an intriguing defense of natural law theory which survived many of the common objections to such theories and anticipates the rationalist ethics of Immanuel Kant (Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, 1785) and Alan Gewirth (Reason and Morality, 1978).

Dan McQuillan

A New Approach for Calculating Crossing Numbers of Complete Graphs Dr. McQuillan’s research focused on what appears to be a child’s game, but whose solution is currently unknown to mathematics. If one places 13 points anywhere on a sheet of paper and joins each pair of points with a line, the lines may be curved, and some lines will have to cross other lines. But how many crossings will there be between the lines? The smallest possible number of line crossings over all such paper drawings is called the crossing number of the complete graph with 13 vertices. There is a conjecture for the minimum number of crossings in the complete graph with n points, and it is verified (essentially by computer) up to n=12. However the standard methods are known to be ineffective for more than 12 points. This project introduced and developed an entirely new method for attacking this problem, providing the first complete written proof of the conjecture for n=9 and n=10 along the way.

Kyle Pivetti

“We’ll Remember with Advantage”: National Memory and Literary Form in Early Modern England Professor Kyle Pivetti continued revisions to a book that rethinks the development of English nationhood in the l6th Century. Authors of this period understood that elements like rhyme, meter, or even imagery help readers memorize lines of verse. These acts of memory, Pivetti suggested, proved essential to the nation-state that was only just beginning to emerge at the time. In other words, the writers of early modern England not only recognized the mnemonic potential of their forms, but also took advantage of those forms to help readers “memorize” the nation itself. Since a group of individuals requires a shared past to become a single nation, this book argued that we might discover that very “past” in something as seemingly innocuous as a pair of rhymed lines.

Michael W. Prairie Assistive Technology

Imagine someone who plays a musical instrument suddenly losing the use of one of his hands, either through disease or trauma. Such a loss can be severely debilitating, not only in the things the victim can no longer do, but also in the depression that follows. The overall goal of Dr. Prairie’s project was to establish a focus area in assistive technology for teaching embedded systems, with is first objective being the development of a fretting mechanism for a guitar to allow a person to play it with only the picking hand. The main tasks were to establish requirements and generate external support to sustain the project. To date, several potential sources of funding are being explored, and a proof-of-concept prototype was constructed. Once a full, working system is built and in the hands of therapists and their patients,

the therapeutic benefit of an assistive technology guitar can be established.

Sean Prentiss

Finding Abbey: a Journey Home in Search for Edward Abbey’s Life and Hidden Grave and My Place in the West Assistant Professor of English Sean Prentiss used his release-time award to heavily revise his book project, Finding Abbey: a Search for Edward Abbey and His Hidden Grave. The book details Prentiss’ journey as he travels America learning about Edward Abbey, an American author and essayist noted for his advocacy of environmental issues, criticism of public land policies, and anarchist political views. Over the course of two years, Prentiss visited many of the areas in which Abbey lived and worked and interviewed some of Abbey’s closest friends. To complete his journey, Prentiss searches for Abbey’s hidden desert grave.

Steven E. Sodergren

The Culture of Indiscipline: Soldier Discontent and the Court Martial within the Army of the Potomac, 1864–5 Dr. Sodergren’s research demonstrated how throughout the increasingly bloody campaigns of 1864, Union soldiers experienced a reawakening of the independence and republican spirit commonly felt by American citizen soldiers. This manifested itself in the growing dissatisfaction expressed towards their officers and the widespread indiscipline witnessed in camp and on the battlefield. A review of court-martial records from the Army of the Potomac demonstrated that while desertion and incidents of insubordination grew in number, the conviction rate dropped, and military courts reduced charges and sentences in order to keep men in the fight. Ultimately, military authorities demonstrated a willingness to forgive 25

soldier indiscipline and independence in the interest of maintaining the integrity of Union forces at a critical period of the Civil War.

Lea Williams

Ellen N. La Motte: The Making of a Nurse, Activist and Writer Dr. Williams is working on a long-term project: a biography of Ellen N. La Motte (1873–1961), a nurse, writer, and activist. She focused on researching background sources to establish a stronger foundation for her analysis of La Motte’s nursing philosophies. She drew on this research as she drafted an articlelength piece about La Motte’s training at Johns Hopkins Training School for Nurses, from which she graduated in 1902, and her research and publications, particularly those about tuberculosis. La Motte became an expert in the field of tuberculosis while working in Baltimore, where she published and gave talks that reached a national and international audience. The article analyzed the development of La Motte’s views regarding the prevention and treatment of tuberculosis, particularly her controversial statements about the uses and limits of education as a tool in the fight against the disease.

Amy Woodbury Tease

Modernism in the Age of New Media Amy Woodbury Tease’s Modernism in the Age of New Media examined the electronic literature of Young-Hae Chang Heavy Industries, a collaborative web art group based in South Korea whose digital texts directly reference—and in some cases rewrite— the work of canonical modernists such as Ezra Pound and Samuel Beckett. Woodbury Tease read these digital works as inheritors of a distinctly modernist preoccupation with media that raised questions about the confluence of media and art, the construction of human as a media subject (that is, as acted upon and simultaneously constructed by media), and the text as a form of mediation. 26

External Grants Funded During Academic Year 2012–13 $2,717,429 Principal Investigator:

Joseph Byrne

Principal Investigator:

Jan Hansen

Project: Internship Program Support

Project: Nurse Faculty Loan Program

Grantor: Vermont Department of Labor

Grantor: US Health Resources and Service Administration

Amount: $12,000

Amount: $133,568

Principal Investigator: Megan Doczi (and student)

Principal Investigator: Karen Hinkle (and student)

Project: Developmental Regulation of Kv1.3 Channels in Neurons of the Avian Hypothalamus

Project: Functional Investigation of Novel Phosphotyrosines in the Src Family Kinase Fyn

Grantor: Vermont Genetics Network

Grantor: Vermont Genetics Network

Amount: $87,938


Principal Investigator:

Principal Investigator: Matt Lutz

Steven Fitzhugh


Project: SmartGrid

Project: Solar Decathlon



Vermont Transco

US Department of Energy

Amount: $32,761

Amount: $100,000

Principal Investigator:

Principal Investigator: Darlene Olsen

Danner Friend

Project: National Space Center – Student Mentored Research


The KZ Algorithm for Statistical Analysis of Long Time Course Microarray Data



Vermont Genetics Network


Amount: $45,000

Amount: $34,298

Principal Investigator:

Michael Puddicombe

Principal Investigator:

Peter Stephenson

Project: Interdisciplinary Project: CyberCorps: Environmental Scholarship for Service Entrepreneurship Grantor: National Science Grantor: National Collegiate Inventors Foundation and Innovators Alliance Amount: $26,500

Amount: $947,636

Principal Investigator:

Principal Investigator:

Vermont Genetics Network Coordinator Bioinformatics Specialist Bioinformatics Analyst Outreach Technician Outreach, Administration, and F&A Proteomics and Microarray Project

Project: Pipeline Safety Grantor: Vermont Department of Public Safety Amount: $94,526 Principal Investigator:

Stewart Robertson

Project: Project GO Grantor: Institute of International Education Amount: $141,000 Principal Investigator:

Edwin Schmeckpeper

Project: Contextual Research Empirical: A Direct Method for Teaching and Measuring Engineering Professional Skills Grantor: National Science Foundation

Amount: $80,000 Principal Investigator:

David Westerman

Project: Collaborative Research: Field-based Projects in Geophysical Methods with Applications to the State of Vermont Grantor:

National Science Foundation

Amount: $89,486 Principal Investigator: David Westerman/ George Springston

Principal Investigator:

Project: Geological Mapping in Vermont

Project: Information Assurance Scholarship Program Grantor:

National Security Agency

Amount: $98,704


Grantor: International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium, Inc.

Amount: $41,270 Peter Stephenson


Project: Cyber Forensic Professional Certification Education Development

Image courtesy of Bryan Ballif.

Michael Puddicombe

Peter Stephenson

Grantor: Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation Amount: $60,913

Norwich University biology professor Karen Hinkle calls biology major Zachary Fulton “the worm guy.” Fulton joined Hinkle’s team in 2011 as a Vermont Genetics Network Summer Fellow at the University of Vermont, where Hinkle partners with noted cell biologist Bryan Ballif in the analysis of the Fyn protein. Fulton studied the protein in isolation on Caenorhabditis elegans, or C. elegans, microscopic worms used regularly in neuroscience and molecular biology. Norwich student research technician Liz Chapdelaine worked with various aspects of human cells and cultures to observe changes in Fyn binding. Pictured are Fulton and Chapdelaine in Ballif’s UVM lab. Hinkle says the cultivation of the student-scientist is one of the most rewarding aspects of her work. 27

Faculty Publications Books Stephenson, P. R. and Gilbert, K., Investigating Computer-Related Crime, 2nd Edition, CRC Press, 2013.

Papers, Chapters, Short Stories Aten T. M., Redmond, M. M., Weaver, S. O., Love, C. C., Joy, R. M., Lapp, A. S., Rivera, O. D., Hinkle, K. L., Ballif, B. A., 2013, Tyrosine phosphorylation of the orphan receptor ESDN/ DCBLD2 serves as a scaffold for the signaling adaptor Crkl.: FEBS Letter 587, 2313-2318. Bacquart, T., Bradshaw, K., Frisbie, S., Mitchell, E., Springston, G., DeFelice, J., Dustin, H. and Sarkar, B., 2012, A survey of arsenic, manganese, boron, thorium, and other toxic metals in the groundwater of a West Bengal, India neighbourhood: Metallomics, 4, 653-659. Cox, F. B., 2012, Kevin Brockmeier: American Writers Supplement XXII, Detroit, Charles Scribner’s Sons. ---, 2013, Maria Works at Ocean City Nails: New Haven Review, 87-102.


Knapik, R., 2013, Characterization of the Hamamatsu R11780 12 in. photomultiplier tube: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 162-173.

Gray, E. F., 2012, Liebe deinen Nächsten: Konfessionelle Feindseligkeit und Zusammenarbeit während der Reformation in Augsburg: in Evans, S. and Schahadat, S., eds., Nachbarschaft, Räume, Emotionen, Bielefeld, Transcript Verlag.

Latulippe, C. and Latulippe, J., 2013, Student perceptions of writing projects in a university differential-equations course: International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, doi: 10.1080/0020739X.2013.826387.

Özcelik, D., Barandun, J., Schmitz, N., Sutter, M., Guth, E., Damberger, F. F., Allain, F. H.-T., Ban, N. and Weber-Ban, E., 2012, Structures of Pup ligase PafA and depupylase Dop from the prokaryotic ubiquitin-like modification pathway: Nature Communications, doi:10.1038/ ncomms2009.

Latulippe, J. and Switkes, J., 2011, Even with THAT Step Size?: The Mathematics Magazine, 84(5), 377-385.

Prentiss, S., 2012, What we learn about love, we learn from the quarries: Fugue, 53-63.

---, 2012, Lutheran churches and confessional competition in Augsburg, 1525-1750: in Spicer, A., ed., Lutheran Churches in Early Modern Europe, Aldershot, Ashgate. Guino-o, M. A., Zureick, A. H., Blank, N. F., Anderson, B. J., Chapp, T. W., Kim, Y., Glueck, D. S. and Rheingold, A. L., 2012, Synthesis and structure of platinum Bis (Phospholane) complexes PT(DIPHOS*)(R)(X), catalyst Precursors for asymmetric Phosphine Alkylation: Organometallics, 31, 6900-6910. Gurian, E. A., 2013, Explanations of mixedsex partnered serial homicide: a review of sociological and psychological theory: Aggression and Violent Behavior, 18(5), 520-526.

Daneshbod, Y. and Latulippe, J., 2011, A look at damped harmonic oscillators through the phase plane: Teaching Mathematics and its Applications: An International Journal of the IMA, 30(2), 62-69.

Jarry, P. and Beneat, J., 2012, Miniaturized Microwave Fractal Filters (M2F2): Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, 1-18.

Deschamp, B. and Latulippe, C., 2013, A first-year experience sequence for science and mathematics majors: Journal of College Science Teaching, 42(6), 34-37.

Jones, S., Tefe, M., Appiah-Opoku, S., 2013. Proposed framework for sustainability screening of urban transport projects in developing countries: a case study of Accra, Ghana: Transportation Research Part A, 21-34.

Donley, K.M., and Reppen, R., 2012, Using corpus tools to highlight academic vocabulary in sustained content language teaching: in Biber, D. and Reppen, R., eds., Corpus Linguistics, London, Sage, 4, 7-12.

Olson, J., 2012, The subvariety lattice for representable idempotent commutative residuated lattices: Algebra Universalis 67, 43-58.

Fawley, N. and Krysak, N., 2012, Information literacy opportunities within the discovery tool environment: College and Undergraduate Libraries, 19(2-4) 207-214.

Kim, P., Latulippe, J., Muehlbacher, S., Shen, E. and Shun, K., 2011, Genetic algorithm and the pendulum problem: The Mathematical Scientist, 36(2), 133-146.

Margolis, G. and Shtull, P., 2012, The police response to mental illness on campus: Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 26, 307-321. Margolis, G., Healy, S., and Shtull, P., 2012, 10 steps for managing campus special events: NASPA Leadership Exchange, 10(3), 31-32. Mathai, E. and Olsen, D., 2013, Studying the effectiveness of online homework for different skill levels in a college algebra course: PRIMUS: Problems, Resources, and Issues in Mathematics Undergraduate Studies, 23(8), 671-682. McCann, C., 2013, Incentives to virtue: Jerome’s use of biblical models: Studia Patristica, 69, 107-113. Miller, M., 2013, Reflections on Genjokoan, Kintsugi, and participation mystique: mutual transformation through shared brokenness: Spring: A Journal of Archetype and Culture, 89, 115-124. Morris, W. T., 2012, Achieving national security: comparing four state security models: Police Practice and Research: An International Journal, 13, 121-137. ---, 2012, The connection between stigma, power, and life chances: a qualitative examination of gender and sex crime in Yemen: Sociological Focus, 45, 159-175.

Puddicombe, M., 2011, The contingencies of project management: a factor analytic approach to complexity and novelty: International Journal of Construction Education and Research, 7(4), 259-275. ---, 2012, Novelty and technical complexity: critical constructs in capital projects: Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 138(5), 613-620. ---, 2013, A conceptual model for the management of construction projects: producers, production and planning: Engineering Project Organization Journal, 3(2), 86-99. Sevi, A. and Ge, L., 2013, Cyclic behaviors of railroad ballast within the parallel gradation scaling framework: Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 24(7), 797-804. Shenoy S., and Kulkarni, T.A., 2012, Cultural ambiguity, ethnic identity, and the bicultural experience: South Asian Indian parents and their American-born kids: in Gonzalez, A. and Harris, T.M., eds., Mediating Cultures: Parenting in Intercultural Contexts, Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 17-29. Shernock, S. and Russell, B., 2012, Gender and racial/ethnic differences in criminal justice decision making in intimate partner violence

cases: Partner Abuse: New Directions in Research, Intervention and Policy, 3(4), 501-530. Stallings-Ward, J., 2013, The Ludic utopias of Gerardo Diego’s ultraist poetry: in Da Silva, Z. S. and Pell, G. M., eds., At Whom are We Laughing?: Humor in Romance Language Literatures, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 302-316.

---, 2012, Love Letters Made Easy: in Harbison, L., ed., The Best Women’s Stage Monologues and Scenes 2011, Hanover: Smith and Kraus. Cox, F. B., 2012, Next Morning: Kestrel, A Journal of Art and Literature. Galligan-Baldwin, J., 2013, A Scream (Digital Photo 19” x 13”): Up Close and Personal National Juried Photo Exhibition, Los Angeles, CA.

Miller, M., 2013, The Psychology of Religion and Spirituality for Clinicians: Using Research in Your Practice by Aten, J., O’Grady, K. and Worthington Jr., E.: International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 23(1-2). Prentiss, S., 2012, Buying a House: in Rosa, A. and Eschholz, P., eds., Models for Writers, Short Essays for Composition, 11th edition, Bedford/ St. Martin’s Press.

Tchantouridze, L., 2012, Unipolarity: theories, images, and Canada’s foreign policy priorities: Canadian Foreign Policy Journal, 18(2).

---, 2013, Spaceboy (Digital Photo 11” x 17”): Up Close and Personal National Juried Photo Exhibition, Los Angeles, CA.

---, 2012, Riverblood: Blueline.

Tchantouridze, L., and Dessayn, R., 2012, Realpolitik and the Russo-Georgian war: three years on: Central Asia and the Caucasus, 13(1).

Prentiss, S., 2012, Burn the Silo: The Meadow, 20.

---, 2011, Coming to Turns: Backcountry Magazine, 17.82: 26-27.

Vieira, A., 2013, Facilitating cross-cultural communications: interpreters and cross-cultural competence: in Sands, R. G. and Greene-Sands, A., eds., Culture, the Flipside of the COIN: Cross-Cultural Competence for a 21st Century Military, Lanham, Lexington Books, 195-210. ---, 2013, Minority groups and the informal economy: English speakers in Quebec’s Eastern Townships: in Fulkerson, G. M. and Thomas, A. R., eds., Readings in Critical Rural Theory, Lanham, Lexington Books, 97-100. Williams, L., 2012, Larry Heinemann: American Writers Supplement XXII, Detroit, Charles Scribner’s Sons, 103-117 Winicki-Landman, G. and Latulippe, C., 2012, Posters: More than just for looks: Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, 18(1), 10-13.

Essays, Exhibits, Plays, Poems Beckwith, J. 2013, ‘The Man in the Hat’ and ‘Filmed in Baghdad’ Monologues: in Gardner, L. and Moore, D., eds., The Last Frontier Theatre Conference, The Best of the 2009-12 Workshops, Newburyport, MA, Focus Publishing.

---, 2013, Electric Juarez: The Meadow, 91. ---, 2013, Our Scars: Five Poems: The Meadow, 92. Schaller, A. W., 2013, Exhibition of Table of Abundance, acrylic on canvas, 46.5” x 66”, in juried exhibition American Dream at Studio Place Arts, Barre, Vermont. ---, 2012, The Billboard Building Series-21 Collages: Gallery at Simon Pearce.

Reviews, Notes, Entries Barnard, W. H., 2013, The Gray Jay species: in Renfrew, Rosalind B., ed., The Second Atlas of Breeding Birds of Vermont, University Press of New England. Brucken, R. M., 2013, Rwanda: in Piehler, G.K., ed., Encyclopedia of Military Science, Sage Publications. Frisbie, S.H., E.J. Mitchell, H. Dustin, D.M. Maynard, and B. Sarkar, 2012, World Health Organization discontinues its drinking water guideline for manganese: Environmental Health Perspectives, 120, 775-778. Lord, G. T., 2013, Norwich University: in Piehler, G.K., ed., Encyclopedia of Military Science, Sage Publications.

---, 2013, Empty Set: RiverLit, 3(1), 6-8.

---, 2012, Tonight (the Big Dipper, You Leaving): Brevity, ---, 2013, The Rains of ‘55: Quarter After Eight: A Journal of Innovative Literature, 19: 100-109. ---, 2013, Clarion, Pennsylvania, memoir: New Madrid: Journal of Contemporary Literature VIII(1), 40-42. ---, 2013, Searching for His Hidden Grave: Steam Ticket: A Third Coast Review, XVI: 69. Sherriff, G. L., 2011, Backlands: The Canudos Campaign by Euclides da Cunha: in The Literature of War, St. James Press. ---, 2011, Royal Commentaries of the Inca and General History of Peru by El Inca Garcilaso de la Vega: in The Literature of War, St. James Press.

---, 2011, Facundo: Civilization and Barbarism by Domingo Faustino Sarmiento: in The Literature of War, St. James Press. ---, 2011, I, Rigoberta Menchu: An Indian Woman in Guatemala by Rigoberta Menchú: in The Literature of War, St. James Press. ---, 2011, Red April by Santiago Roncagliolo: in The Literature of War, St. James Press. ---, 2011, The Araucaniad by Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga: in The Literature of War, St. James Press. ---, 2011, The General in His Labyrinth by Gabriel García Márquez: in The Literature of War, St. James Press. Vieira, A., 2013, “Liar’s Loans” and “Predatory Lending,” in Salinger, L., ed., Encyclopedia of White-Collar and Corporate Crime, 2nd Edition. Sage Publications.

Editorships Jacques Beneat, Editorial Board, International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering Melvin Miller, Editorial Board, Journal of Adult Development Xiaoping Song, Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Chinese Teacher’s Association of Canada David Westerman, Associate Editor, Terra Nova

---, 2011, Autobiography of a Runaway Slave by Miguel Barnet: in The Literature of War, St. James Press. ---, 2011, Discovery and Conquest of Mexico by Bernal Díaz del Castillo: in The Literature of War, St. James Press. ---, 2012, Open Letter to the Military Junta by Rodolfo Walsh: in The Literature of Propaganda, St. James Press. 29

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2013 Academic Research Report