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gzavnili mcxeTidan aprili. 2013. #N 1

Ggzavnili

2

Ggzavnili

eklesia werovanSi. fiqria fiCxaZis foto.

s a r C e v i istoria • mcxeTa - rogorc turistuli qalaqi • mcxeTa - maradiuli qalaqi

5 6-7

• muzeum-qalaqad wodebul qalaqSi muzeumebi ar funqcionirebs?!

8-9

sazogadoeba • mcxeTis reabiliatacia M,,Made in China…’’ • mcxeTis mcxovrebTa gasaWiri da turistebis imedze darCenili umuSevrebi • ,,saqarTvelos patara elCebi’’ mcxeTaSi • mcxeTis gasaWiri • sazRvars miRma

interviu

10-12 13 14-15 16 17

• givi giutaSvili: ,,mcxeTa marto mcxeTelebis sakuTreba ar aris ‘‘!

18-19

• ,,damzadebulia saqarTveloSi...’’

20-21

ekonomika

fotoreportaJi • garevaWroba mcxeTaSi

22-23

reportaJi • RmerTebis qalaqi qarTulad, anu saxlSi dabrunebis ocneba • erTi dRe Zegvis bavSvTa saxlSi • es miwa wmindaa, is gvaZlierebs da sulierad gvkurnavs

kultura

• folkloruli ansambli ,,mcxeTa’’

sporti • ,,qalamnebidan Cempionobamde da kidev...’’ • niCbosnebi axali bazis molodinSi

24-25 26-27 28-29 30-31 32-33 34-35

redaqtoris sveti

4

Ggzavnili

daaxloebiT ori Tvis win, Tsu-s meeqvse kor­pusSi, Cveni pirveli leqcia Sedga. Kkar­gad gvaxsovs Ais sixaruli, rodesac gavigeT, rom am semestrSi muSaoba aras­ tandartul pirobebSi mogviwevda _ Tbilisidan gasvlas da regionebSi muSaobas vgulisxmob. gadavwyviteT, pirveli nomeri saqarTvelos istoriul qalaq mcxeTaze gagvekeTebina. SevecadeT, mkiTxvelisTvis maqsimalurad migvewodebina da Segvexsenebina is Temebi, romlebic dResdReobiT gansakuTrebulad aqtualuria Zveli dedaqalaqisTvis. Mmiuxedavad imisa, rom wina semestrSi ramdenime Jurnali gamovuSviT, regionebSi muSaoba CvenTvis sakmaod gamomwvevi aRmoCnda. Mam SemTxvevaSi redkolegias kidev ufro meti pasuxismgebloba daekisra, mogveZiebina da gagvegzavna mkiTxvelisTvis mesiji dedaqalaqis gareT mimdinare saintereso da aqtualuri Temebis Sesaxeb, gagvekeTebina reportaJebi regionis masStabiT, gagveziarebina Cveni STabeWdilebebi. rac Seexeba Jurnalis saxels, ar dagimalavT da getyviT, rom yvelaze didi problema Jurnalze muSaobisas, swored saxelis SerCeva iyo. Aam SemTxvevaSic vecadeT, rom saxeli, Jurnalis Tematikidan gamomdinare, simboluri yofiliyo da Cveni ,,gzavniliT” regionebidan mkiTxvelisTvis saTqmeli migvewodebina. imeds vitovebT, rom universitetis farglebSi gamosuli pirveli studenturi-saswavlo regionuli Jurnali, yvela gemovnebis mkiTxvelisTvis saintereso iqneba. vimedovnebT, rom Tqveni mxridan “gzavnili” dadebiT Sefasebebs daimsaxurebs.

istoria

mcxeTa - rogorc turistuli qalaqi ...

uZvelesi da istoriuli qalaqi mcxeTa unikaluri kulturis ZeglebiT iuneskos msoflio memkvidreobis nusxaSia Sesuli da qarTuli kulturis erT-erT yvelaze mniSvnelovan keras warmoadgens. sveticxovliT, jvriT, samTavroTi da uamravi sxva istoriuli ZeglebiT is dRemde izidavs aTasobiT turists. miuxedavad amisa, tu­ ristebis raodenobis gazrdas mcxeTis ganviTarebam Seuwyo xeli. galamazebuli mcxeTa TvalSi sacemi gaxda damTvaliereblisaTvis. imisaTvis, rom turistTa nakadi gaizardos, xolo adgilobriv mosaxleobas meti Semo­ savali gauCndes, aucilebelia turistuli infras­truqturis gamarTva. rogorc Cans, sxva dar­gebTan SedarebiT, mcxeTa-mTianeTSi yve­la­ ze didi potenciali swored turizms aqvs. 2011 wels mcxeTaSi Seiqmna sainformacio cen­tri, romelic mcxeTaSi Casul ucxoel Tu qar­Tvel stumrebs maRali donis momsaxurebas sTa­vazobs. sainformacio centris erT-erTi mTavari funqciaa, rogorc Sida turizmis, ase­ ve Semoyvanis turizmis mimarTulebiT muSaoba. aq Casul stumrebs saSualeba aqvT, maqsimalurad miiRon srulyofili informacia. 2011 wels aseve turizmis ganyofilebis monawileobiT Seiqmna mcxeTis turistuli ruka, romelic erov­nulma saagentom qarTulsa da inglisur enaze dabeWda da mcxeTis mTavar avtosadgomzec daamontaJa. turizmis ganviTarebisTvis xelSewyobis miz­niT, mcxeTis municipalitetma CineTidan Ca­ moitana 3 eleqtromobili. Seiqmna mcxeTis mi­ moxilviTi turebi eleqtromobiliT da amJamad igi uZveles sataxto qalaqSi Camosul turis­ t­Ta Soris didi popularobiT sargeblobs. tu­rizmis ganviTarebis mizniT, dResdReobiT sa­qarTvelos mTavrobis erT-erT mTavar prioritets qveynis turistuli infrastruqturis ganviTareba da turistuli momsaxurebis xarisxis zrda warmoadgens. Semosuli turis­ te­bisa da sxvadasxva segmentis dadgenis mizniT, mcxeTis turizmis sainformacio centris mier Ca­tarebulma kvlevebma cxadyo, rom 2011 wlis man­Zilze, mcxeTaSi Semosulma adgilobrivma Tu ucxoelma turistTa raodenobam 200000_s mi­aRwia, rac gasul wlebTan SedarebiT TiTqmis or­jer metia. turistuli sezoni mcxeTaSi wlis oTxive

se­zonze aqtiuri xalxmravlobiT gamoirCeva. Tum­ca, zafxulis periodSi stumarTa raodeno­ ba sagrZnoblad matulobs. es imis maCvenebelia, rom qalaqi mcxeTa sul ufro metad momxibvle­ li xdeba saqarTveloSi Camosuli stumrebisTvis. mcxeTaSi turistebis mkveTrma raodenobam momca saSualeba ramdenime turists gavsaubrebodi. amerikeli stumari aRfrTovanebuli iyo daT­valierebuli adgilebiT: `ukve mesamed vimyofebi saqarTveloSi, mag­ ram mcxe­Ta­Si Camosvla ver movaxerxe. axla aq pirvelad var. rogorc yvela sxva danarCeni adgilebi saqarTveloSi, mcxeTac Zalian lamazi da istoriuli qalaqia. davaTvaliere qalaqSi mdebare yvela eklesia-monasteri da gavecani aq momxdar istoriul faqtebs Tu movlenebs. mcxeTis Sesaxeb Cemma megobarma miambo, romelic aseve stumrad iyo Camosuli saqarTveloSi. es patara qalaqi itevs Zalian did istorias. minda aRvniSno isic, rom qarTvel xalxs gansakuTrebuli damokidebuleba aqvT turistTa mimarT da aseve araCveulebrivi stumarmar-spinZlobis tradiciac. bevrjer vyofilvar evropis sxvadasxva qveyanaSi, magram aseTi gansakuTrebuli kerZebi arsad damigemovnebia”, _ ganacxada man CvenTan saubarSi. mcxeTSi mosul stumrebs aseve saSualeba eZlevaT daaTvalieron da SeiZinon adgilobriv mewarmeTa mier Seqmnili xelnakeTi suvenirebi. arCevani aqvT ewvion iseT kvebis obieqts, romelic qarTuli tradiciuli samzareulos mravalferovnebiT gamoirCeva da datkben qalaqis ulamazesi xedebiT. mcxeTaSi Camosulma ebraelma turistma, romelmac miambo, ra iyo misi Camosvlis mizezi saqarTveloSi, aRniSna, rom saqarTvelo sxva yvela danarCeni qveynebisagan gansxvavebiT, aris Zalian iafi: „me maqvs veb-saiti, romelzec vdeb informacias sxvadasxva qveynis Sesaxeb. davdivar qveynidan qveyanaSi da vagroveb informacias xalxze, kulturaze, sakvebze da msgavs Temebze. namyofi var Zalian bevr qveyanaSi. amjerad Cemi Seswavlis obieqti aris saqarTvelo, kerZod ki mcxeTa. aq pirvelad var. mcxeTaSi movinaxule TiTqmis yvela monasteri da saintereso adgilebi. movixible quCebis proeqtiT da saxlebis fasadebiT, ramac didi STabeWdileba moaxdina Cemze. xolo rac Seexeba qarTvel xalxs, evropelebisagan gansxvavebiT isini Zalian Tbilebi arian. aseve unda aRvniSno, rom saqarTveloSi Zalian gemrieli kerZebia, yvelaze metad momewona mcxeTis xinkali da mimaCnia, rom is marTlac safirmo kerZia saqarTveloSi. miuxedavad imisa, rom bevrs vmogzaurob, saagentos momsaxureobiT arasodes vsargeblob. TviTon Camovdivar da adglzeve vgegmav yvelafrs. vapireb, rom mcxeTidan wavide afxazeTSi, saerTod moviaro kavkasia da am yvelafris Sexasaxeb Cems veb-gverdze avtvirTo“ _ miambo ebraelma turistma rejev eliam (Regev Elya).  

xatia lelaZe Ggzavnili

5

istoria

mcxeTa - maradiuli qalaqi mcxeTa surnelia siZvelisa, saqarTvelos damwvari qimeraa, misi damqrali sunTqva dResac acocxlebs religur arss, saqarTvelos taxtebsa da maRal brwyinvalebas... giorgi leoniZe

c

alke samyaro aTasi saocrebiT, idumalebiT, ferTa TamaSiT, siwminde da matiane saqarTvelos qristianobisa, mexsiereba qristiani erisa – es mcxeTaa, saqarTvelos Zveli dedaqalaqi, sadac Tanamedrove yofiT gadaRlili am mefuri qvebis CrdilSi isvenebT, Tqvens sulSi Zveli simSvide da surneli Sedis da saqarTvelos sxeulis Sexebas grZnobT. Uukanasknel periodSi istorikosebma e.w ,,maradiuli qalaqebis” cneba Semoitanes, romlis mixedviTac calkeuli qalaqebi yoveli kulturis ganviTarebaSi gansakuTrebul rols asruleben. saqarTvelos istoriaSi mcxeTa swored amgvar maradiul qalaqad SeiZleba ganvixiloT, radgan es uZvelesi qalaqi rva saukunis ganmavlobaSi aRmosavleT saqarTvelos, kerZod, iberiis samefos politikur, ekonomikur da religiur centrs warmoadgenda. Sesabamisad, mcxeTis istoria da qarTuli civilizaciis istoria mWidrodaa dakavSirebuli erTmaneTTan. mcxeTa did saqaravno gzajvaredinze mdebareobda, aq modiodnen mefeebi, elCebi, Tu vaWarTa qaravnebi, ubralo mogzaurebi Tu meistorieni. mcxeTis ganumeo-

6

Ggzavnili

rebeli silamaze – caSi aWrili qarTlis mTebi, vercxlis sartyeliviT mbzinvare mtkvari, zurmuxtisferi talRebiT momquxare aragvi da am or mdinares Soris samkuTxedad gawolili mTagoriani adgili xiblavda berZen, romael, arab Tu Cinel stumrebs, mtrebsa Tu mokeTeebs. Zveli dedaqalaqis ubnebi axlandeli mcxeTis mopirdapire mxares, mtkvris marjvena napirze mdebareobda. aq iyo armazcixe, samefo rezidencia - ,,sajdomeli didTa mefeTa”. mtkvris marcxena napirze ki mdebareobda Tavad mcxeTa da masSi Semavali odesRac calke samosaxloebi – wiwamuri, sarkine, zemo avWala, kaloubankodmani. isini dedaqalaqis vrcel Semogarens qmnidnen. Zveli qveynebis civilizaciis msgavsad, qarTlis samefos Camoyalibebuli socialuri struqturac hqonda. saistorio wyaroebis mixedviT, mcxeTa iyo qarTuli politikuri da kulturuli elitis samyofeli. Eis elitanaziarebi Cans imdroindel msoflio kulturas, rasac adasturebs arqeologiuri masalebi. mMosaxleoba mravalricxovani da mravalerovanic iyo, aq qarTvelebis garda, cxovrobdnen berZnebi, asirilebi, somxebi, xazarebi. ma-

istoria

tianeTa cnobiT, gansakuTrebiT didi iyo nabuqodonosoris mier ierusalimis darbevis Semdeg mcxeTas Sexiznuli ebraelTa kolonia. swored amitom moixseniebdnen mcxeTas axal ierusalimad. saqarTvelos uZvelesi dedaqalaqi Tavis RmerTebis panTeoniTac Zveli samyaros nawili iyo. istoriis mecnierebaTa doqtoris, Tsu-s profesoris - mariam CxartiSvilis TqmiT, mirian mefis dros warmarTuli panTeoni iTvlida sul Svid kerps da maTi Semomateba TandaTan xdeboda. mTavari kerpebi am panTeonSi iyvnen gaci da gaimi da maT Soris mdgari armazi, romelic saistorio qronikebSi moixsenieba, rogorc ,,RmerTi RmerTTa armaz”. xolo mogvianebiT, gaqristianebis procesSi moxda mcxeTis xelaxali sakralizacia, Seiqmna am qalaqis sruliad axali koncefcia. rogrc qalbatonma mariamma CvenTan saubris dros aRniSna, es koncefcia iyo mcxeTis gaazreba axal ierusalimad, rac saqarTveloSi uflis kvarTis CamobrZanebas ukavSirdeboda da rac qarTuli eTnikuri rCeulobis ideologiis Semadgenel nawilad unda ganvixiloT. albaT SeuZlebelia mcxeTis istoriaze isaubro da gverdi auaro mas, ramac dafara qarTuli genia da qarTuli rasac – sveticxoveli, taZari, romelmac ,,mTeli saqarTvelo Seiwira: Tavisi raindebis zRva jarebiT, simdidriTa da keTildReobiT”. sveticxoveli gamoirCeva aramarto Tavisi mxatvrul-arqiteqturuli RirsebiT, didebulebiTa da harmoniulobiT, aramed im gansakuTrebuli roliTac, romelic man saqarTvelos istoriaSi

Seasrula: ,,es gaugebari taZari ganagebda saqarTvelos, rogorc didi monarqi, diriJori da umorCilebda erTs zneobriv xelmwifebas, erT rwmenasa da wesyobilebis ganmtkicebas.” – ambobs giorgi leoniZe. Mmas Semdeg, rac mefeTa taxtma axlad daarsebul TbilisSi gadainacvla, mcxeTam dakarga Tavisi saero da politikuri mniSvneloba: ,,mcxeTas moakldeboda da tfilisi ganZlierdeboda, armazi aRoxreboda da kala aSendeboda” – vkiTxulobT qarTlis cxovrebaSi, Tumca saukuneTa manZilze es uZvelesi, misteriebiT aRsavse qalaqi, umTavres saeklesio centrad darCa. ACadixar mcxeTaSi da xedav, aq yvelaferi TiTqos isea, rogorc adre, isev erTvis erTmaneTs mtkvari da aragvi, isev dahyurebs mcxeTas jvris monasteri, isev mSvidad dgas sveticxoveli, sadac yvelaze meti sanTeli inTeba da aTasi savedrebeli swvdeba ufals. xedav da grZnob, rom saamayo warsulis simbolod qceul qalaqSi saqarTvelos maradiuli da fantastiuri suli kidev ar gamqrala.

cisia cercvaZe

Ggzavnili

7

istoria

muzeum-qalaqad wodebul qalaqSi muzeumebi ar funqcionirebs?! ,,muzeumi ar daxurula, ubralod sxva SenobaSi gadavida. is Senoba, romelSic Cven viyaviT, gaiyida da mTavrobam axali, alternatiuli Senoba SemogvTavaza. Cven gadmogveca `karibWis~ Senoba. Ggadmocemis procesi dasrulebis stadiaSia. Senobis pirveli sarTuli ukve Cvens mflobelobaSia. molaparakeba meore sarTulis gadmocemaze mimdinareobs. Aam yvelafris dasrulebis Semdeg vapirebT saremonto samuSaoebis dawyebas” - nikoloz maisuraSvili, mcxeTis arqeologiuri saxelmwifo muzeum-nakrZalis mmarTveli.

1940 wels armazis arqeologiur-arqiteqturul nakrZalad gamocxadebiT, q. mcxeTis kulturuli memkvidreobis Tanamedrove gagebiT dacvas daedo safuZveli. 1950 wels mcxeTaSi amoqmedda ,,saxelmwifo arqiteqturuli nakrZali”, xolo 1966 wels nakrZalSi Sevida mTeli qalaqi. Uukve 1968 wlidan mcxeTa qalaq-muzeumia. dRes, mcxeTis muzeumis adgilsamyofeli Tavad mcxeTelebmac ar ician. amboben, muzeumi daxures da aRar funqcionirebso. nikoloz maisuraSvili ver asaxelebs zust dros, rodis dasruldeba es yvelaferi da rodis SeZlebs xalxi muzeumSi misvlas da gamofenis naxvas. muzeumis Senobis gayidvam da axali mSeneblobis dawyebam xalxSi gaurkvevloba gamoiwvia. AalbaT amitomac ambobdnen, muzeumi aRar funqcionirebso. amJamad muzeum-nakrZali Zveleburad 22 TanamSromliT ganagrZobs muSaobas. Tumca, gamofenis gareSe. muzeums axal Senobas uSenebdnen. realurad es Senoba, iusticiis saxli unda yofiliyo da Senobis 80% muzeumis iqneboda, danarCeni 20% ki iusticiis. mSeneblobis dros gaTvaliswinebuli

8

Ggzavnili

iyo samuzeume moTxovnebi. iusticiis saministro muzeumisTvis inventaris yidvasac apirebda da samomavlo gamofenebsac gegmavdnen. Ppasuxs imaze, Tu ratom SeCerda mSenebloba, aravin iZleva. muzeumis direqtori ambobs, rom ,,albaT es aramiznobrivi xarji iyo, sad iusticiis saxli da sad muzeumi”. mcxeTaSi arsebobs muzeumi, romelic droebiT gamofenis gareSea darCenili. ,,didi mcxeTis arqeologiur saxelmwifo muzeum-nakrZalSi” daaxloebiT 25 aTasi eqsponatia daculi. aq vxvdebiT sxvadasxva periodis unikalur arqeologiur nimuSebs, maT Sorisaa: miwaTmoqmedebaTa uZvelesi iaraRebi, preistoriuli xanis sabavSvo saTamaSoebi, antikuri xanis oqromWedlobis artefaqtebi da berZnuli epigrafiqis nimuSebi. Mmuzeum-nakrZalis (romelic msoflio da erovnuli mniSvnelobis arqeologiur Zeglebs aerTianebs) gare xedi ase gamoiyureba: daiaT xevi, samTavros arqeologiuri veli, karibWe, armazcixe, armazis xevi, akldama. Mmuzeums gaaCnia Tavisi fondebi, monitoringi, biurokratiis aparati, saganmanaTleblo samsaxuri. muzeumSi daculia mcxeTisa da misi istoriuli ubnebis arqeologiuri Zeglebidan momdinare mravalferovani masala, brinjaos xanidan _ gvian Sua saukuneebis CaTvliT, aseve eTnografiuli artefaqtebi. muzeumSi daculi koleqciebis ZiriTad

istoria

nawils Seadgens saqarTvelos pirveli dedaqalaqis _ mcxeTis da mcxeTis teritoriaze arqeologiuri gaTxrebis Sedegad aRmoCenili, SemTxveviTi monapovari da SeZenili moZravi Zeglebi. safondo masalebidan gamoiyofa sami mniSvnelovani koleqcia: brinjao adrerkinis xanis liTon-mqandakeblobisa da sameTuneo nawarmis Zeglebi, antikuri xanis oqromWedlobisa da minis koleqcia. xolo calke aRsaniSnavia gvianantikuri xanis berZnulenovani epigrafiuli Zeglebi _ armazisa da antioqiis taZris teritoriidan.

Ddidi mcxeTis arqeologiuri saxelmwifo muzeum-nakrZali daaxloebiT erT TveSi Seudgeba aqtiur muSaobas. axali SemarTebiT, SenobiT, inventariT da ra Tqma unda gamofenebiT.

lela CanTaZe

Ggzavnili

9

sazogadoeba / reabilitacia

mcxeTis reabilitacia M,,Made in China…’’ ,,sakuTari xeliT avaSene saxli. movidnen, yvelaferi Camoangries da gadaakeTes. saxlis irgvliv rkinis aivani mqonda gakeTebuli da moSales, qalaqis iersaxes amaxinjebso. rkina xiT Caanacvles da xis axali moajirebi gaakeTes. aTovs, awvims da nel-nela xec fuWdeba, iSleba da Zirs cviva” – ambobs mcxeTis mkvidri oTar koSiriZe. mcxeTis istoriuli ubnebis reabilitaciis pirveli etapi 2009 wlis TebervalSi daiwyo da 2012 wlis bolomde gagrZelda. saqarTvelos imJamindeli xelisufleba mcxeTis arqiteqturul memkvidreobas ucxoeli turistebis mosaxibl ganZad miiCnevda da uswrafesi tempiT cdilobda dadgenili normis farglebSi mis „gaprialebas“, istoriul ubnebSi sruliad axali Senobebis „qarTul stilSi“ Senebas, Tu ucxoeli specialistebis mier daproeqtebuli „Tanamedrove“ nagebobebis swraf aSenebas. reabilitaciis proeqti miznad isaxavda sveticxovlis mimdebare teritoriaze mosaxleobis sacxovrebeli saxlebis _ mansardebis, aivnebis, saxuravebisa da ezoebis mTlianad ganaxlebas da Zvelis _ axliT Secvlas. aseve im sacxovrebeli saxlebis sayrdeni kedlebis gamagrebas, romlebic siZvelis gamo wlebis manZilze avariul mdgomareobaSi imyofebodnen. rogorc adgilobrivebi amboben, istoriuli ubnebisa da mTlianad qalaq mcxeTis reabilitaciiT zogierTma mcxovrebma sargebeli naxa, zogierTs ki seriozuli ziani miadga.

10

Ggzavnili

reabilitaciis proeqtSi moeqca qalaq mcxeTis erT-erTi ubani – mamulaSvilebis quCa. qalaq mcxeTis istoriul ubanSi, mamulaSvilebis quCaze, 8 sacxovrebeli saxlis reabilitaciaze adgilobrivi biujetidan gamoyofili iyo 415 000 lari. samuSaoebs ,,Sps artesi“ axorcielebda. aRniSnul reabilitacize brZanebuleba mTavrobis 24.05.2011 wlis #1137 dadgenilebiT gaica. am quCaze reabilitirebuli rva saxlis mcxovrebTagan Cveni Jurnali ramdenimes gaesaubra. aRmoCndnen proeqtisadmi rogorc dadebiTad, ise uaryofiTad ganwyobili mosaxleebi. ,,Cemi saxli ise gaalamazes, me cxovrebaSi magas ver gavakeTebdi. ezoSi erTi gasacodavebuli qoxi medga, saxuravi dazianebuli hqonda, kramitebi Camtvreuli iyo. axali saxli ar auSenebiaT, ukve arsebuli Senobis farglebSi ki, risi SesaZleblobac hqondaT, gaakeTes: fasadi gaalamazes. masalis xarisxze verafers getyviT, magram rom vuyureb, momwons. Cemi saxlic sxva garemontebuli saxlebis rigSi Cadga’’ – gviTxra mamulaSvilebis quCis erT-erTma mcxovrebma. mamulaSvilebis quCaze proeqtiT ukmayofilo mcxovreblebic arian, maTi TqmiT, mxolod ziani miadgaT. dadgenili normebi maTi saxlebisTvis Seusabamo gamodga da axla yovelTviurad ufrodaufro uaresdeba sayrdeni kedlebis mdgomareoba, Camodenili wvimis wyali azianebs iataksac da kedlebsac. gansakuTrebulia, mamulaSvilis quCis ori mcxovrebis situacia, rom-

reabilitacia / sazogadoeba lebTan samuSao jer kidev dausrulebelia. erT-erTi aseTi dausrulebeli proeqtis Sesaxeb gvesaubra mcxeTis mkvidri gulsunda gedevaniSvili: ,,saxli me avaSene, kramitiTac me davfare, rodesac reabilitaciis farglebSi Cemi saxlis jeric dadga, vcdilobdi Tavidan ameridebina mTeli procedura, radgan manamde cudis meti araferi msmenoda am reabilitaciis Sesaxeb. moxuci qali ver SevewinaaRmdege da, bolos da bolos, neba davrTe, daewyoT muSaoba. SemosasvlelSi axali dagebuli filaqani ayares, iersaxes amaxinjebso. axladgadaxuruli aivnis saxuravic moxsnes. saxlic damimaxinjes da axla gadauxuravi aivanic mifuWdeba. amas garda, aivnis kedlebs ukve wvimis wyali afuWebs, xis fanjdebic lpeba da tydeba’’ – ambobs gusunda. rogorc man gviTxra, aivnis saxuravis gadaxdis process arc daswrebia, manamade sxva problemas agvarebda, romelic muSebma Seuqmnes. ukve gadaxdili saxuravis Sesaxeb ki uTxres, rom momdevno dRes moakiTxavdnen da Tavidan gadaxuravdnen. ,,ra meSveleba axla, aris raime gza? 2012 wlis zafxulis mere velodebi rom vinme gamoCndeba. erTxel qalaq mcxeTis gamgeobamdec SevZeli Casvla, magram CemTvis aravin moicala, imedic ki aravin momca, samarTalia es?! “ – ambobs gulsunda gedevaniSvili. reabilitaciis procesSi gamoyenebuli masala zog SemTxvevaSi ar iyo kargi da vargisi gamosayeneblad. amis Sesaxeb saubrobs mcxeTis mkvidri oTar koSiriZe. ,,xis masala umetes obieqtze iseTi hqondaT mitanili, rom ar Seesabameboda standarts. Tumca, standartebze ra unda vTqva, rodesac xe iyo sveli, wyliani. nebismierma durgalma icis, rom axladmoWrili xis egreve daWra da masalad gamoyeneba ar SeiZleba. masala unda iyos gamomSrali. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, roca is ukve gamoSrobas daiwyebs, daemateba mzis sxivebi, perioduli wvimebi da masala daiwyebs standartebis darRvevas, ver SeinarCunebs micemul figuras da SesaZloa daiwyos rRveva da cvena, swored aseTi masaliT ga­akeTes

Cemi sax­lis aivani. wina­aR­mdegobac ver ga­vuwie. miTxres rom es aris mTavro­bis ,,prika­zi’’ da veraviTar SemTxvevSi ver Secvlidnen’’. mTavrobis ki­dev erTi ,,prika­zis’’ saxelwodebiT moinaTla ma­mu­laSvilebis istoriul ubanze dawyebuli, Tumca, jer dausrulebeli fasaduri reabilitacia. ,,roca Cemi saxlis reabilitacia daiwyes, saxlSi ar viyavi, samwuxarod, meuRle myavda mZimed avad da saavadmyofoSi viyavi. remontic Cemi nebarTvis gareSe daiwyes. saxuravi gadaxades axladgaremontebul Senobas. ramdenime dRis

gagrZeleba

Ggzavnili

11

sazogadoeba / reabilitacia ganmavlobaSi ase datoves. wvimis gamo ver agrZelebdnen muSaobas, magram saxuravgadaxdil SenobaSi rom wyali Cavidoda da gaafuWebda Sida kedlebs, infrastruqturas, amaze aravin ifiqra. bolos da bolos, movidnen da gadaxures saxlis naxevari. Semdeg isev problema gamoCnda _ qalaqSi arcerTi muSa aRar datoves. gamgeobaSi vikiTxe da ase miTxres, sareabilitacio procesebi Sewydao’’ _ mogviyva guram qarCaiZem. amis Semdeg gamgeobas sTxova dawyebuli saqmis dasrulebaSi mainc daxmarebodnen. ,,gamgeobaSi TxovniT mimarTvis Semdeg gamomigzavnes masala da erTi damxmare. TviTon momiwia saqmis bolomde miyvana. ra eSveleba Senobis SigniT gafuWebul remonts da muSebis mier dalewil kafels? Cemi saxsrebiT amis gakeTebas veRar SevZleb. qalaq mcxeTis gamgebelma miTxra, rom axla yvela saxis saremonto samuSao gaurkveveli vadiT SeCerebulia. yovel dRe velodebi gamoxmaurebas, vimedovneb, sul upatronod ar mimagdeben’’ – ambobs 64 wlis guram qarCaiZe. misive TqmiT, reabilitaciis miRma darCa misi kidev erTi saxli, romelic, saubedurod Tu sasixarulod, mTavari quCidan ar Canda da mis remontze fiqric zedmeti iyo. rogorc mcxeTis municipalitetis oficialur saitze gamoqveynebuli oficialuri dokumentebidan vigebT, arqiteqturul-samSeneblo saqmianobis procesSi mcxeTis municipalitetis gamgeobis zedamxedvelobis samsaxuri uflebamosilia, Seamowmos mSenebare Senoba-nageboba saproeqto, normatiul da saxelmZRvanelo dokumentaciasTan Sesabamisobaze. Aucilebelia, kanonmdeblobiT dadgenil organizaciulsamarTlebrivi wesrigis uzrunvelyofaze zedamxedveloba mSeneblobis dawyebidan mis dasrulebamde. kontroli Senoba-nagebobebis gafarToebisa da rekonstruqciis normebis dacvaze. istoriebis magaliTze Cans, rom municipalitetis gamgeobis zedamxedvelobis samsaxuri araTu muSaobis procesSi, aramed arc samuSaoebis dasrulebis

12

Ggzavnili

procesSi ar misula obieqtze saqmis gasacnobad, sxva SemTxvevaSi mSeneblobebi dasrulebul saxes mainc miiRebda da sanaxevrod gadaxurul saxuravs ar datovebdnen. saqarTvelos regionuli ganviTarebisa da infrastruqturis ministris daviT narmanias TqmiT, mcxeTis reabilitaciasTan dakavSirebul nebismier sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT unda mivmarToT qalaq mcxeTis raionul administracias, radgan ,,saqarTvelos regionuli ganviTarebisa da infrastruqturis saministros ar ganuxorcielebia mcxeTis reabilitacia da arsebuli problemebis mogvarebis sakiTxic ar exeba’’. mcxeTis municipalitetis gamgeblis givi giutaSvilis ganmartebiT ki, dResaTvis samSeneblo samuSaoebi SeCerebulia da mxolod aRdgenis SemTxvevaSi Tu moxerxdeba arsebuli problemebis mogvareba.

lali Sengelia

profesia / sazogadoeba

mcxeTis mcxovrebTa gasaWiri da turistebis imedze darCenili umuSevrebi reabilitaciis Semdeg mcxeTa sruliad Seicvala , ucvleli darCa mxolod istoriuli Zeglebi , maT restavracia Cautarda da ufro TvalsaCino gaxda rogorc adgilobrivebisTvis, aseve turistebisTvis. Seicvala mTlianad qalaqi, ganaxlda saxlebi, Seicvala fasadebis dizaini, gadaixura da xis aivnebi gaukeTda saxlebs, mowesrigda parkingi da bazroba, romelic sveticxovlis win iyo gamarTuli. gadakeTda garaJebi da ezoebi. am ukanasknelT mcire xanSi sul sxva daniSnuleba miiRes _ maTma umravlesobam sastumros, kafe-restornis da suvenirebis maRaziebis funqcia SeiTavsa. mcxeTa, miuxedavad imisa, rom arc adre ganicdida turistebis naklebobas, qalaqis restavraciis Semdeg turistebisYTvis kidev ufro saintereso gaxda. gaCnda imedi, rom es yovelive qalaqis ekonomikur mdgomareobaze dadebiTad aisaxeboda da mosaxleobis finansuri mdgomareoba gaumjobesdeboda. Tumca, imedi imedad darCa, umuSevarTa ricxvi ucvlelia, samuSao adgilebi ki Semcirda _ ra sawarmoebic muSaobda, isic daixura da, faqtobrivad, mcxeTa turistebis imedze cxovrobs. yoveli dRe mcxeTaSi turistebiT iwyeba da mTavrdeba. mosaxleobis umravlesoba qarTuli tradiciuli xelovnebis nimuSebiT vaWrobs da TavianT Tavs mcire mewarmeebs uwodebs. lamazad gamofenili qarTuli suvenirebi da tkbileuli STambeWdavia da mimzidveli nebismieri damTvaliereblisTvis, miT umetes, ucxoeli turistisTvis. rogorc CvenTan saubarSi kerZo mewarmeebi amboben, isini siamovnebiT gacvlian Taviss bizness stabilur samuSaoze. maT urCevniaT fiqsirebuli xelfasi da gansazRvruli samuSao saaTe­bi . mcxeTis mkvidri, qalbatoni marina, dilas, rogorc yovelTvis, Tavisi daxlis galamazebiT iwyebs da ambobs, rom, mcxeTaSi dasaqmebis mxriv mZime mdgomareobaa, bev­­ri umuSevaria, radganac qa­­laqSi arsebuli fabrika-qar­­xnebi daixura, saxelmwifo da­we­se­bulebi ki imdenad

cotaa, rom mcxeTelebs Tavis gasa­tanad suvenirebiT vaWroba uw­evT. samuSao adgilebis uqon­lobis gamo axalgazrdo­ba TbilisSi wavida, zogic saz­RvargareTada moxucebis mo­ savlelad qalbatoni lamarac msgavs mdgomareobaSia: `umuSevari var, Cemi meuRle muSaobs dacvaSi , 200 lari aqvs xelfasi . 2 mcirewlovani Svili myavs da es Tanxa wamlebSic ar myofnis. dedamTil-mamamTili pensionerebi arian. Cemi mamamTili axla sveticxovelis win dgas, ukravs da mReris. Cemi ojaxis mTeli Semosavali es aris, yoveldRe imaze miwevs fiqri, Cems Svilebs ra vaWamo da Tavi rogorme gavitanoT, neta rame aSendes da rame samuSao adgili gamoCndes, rom vimuSaoT da imdeni mainc gvqondes, rom saarsebod gveyo”, _ gviTxra qalbatonma lamaram. `ojaxSi eqvsi Sromisunariani varT, dasaqmebuli - mxolod ori. Cemi ojaxis mTeli Semosavali es suvenirebis maRaziaa , romelic me da Cemma meuRlem gavxseniT 1 wlis win, roca SemcirebaSi movyeviT da gagvaTavisufles. ver vityvi rom yoveldRiuri SemosavliT kmayofili var , Tumca saarsebo minimumi maqvs da amisTvisac madloba ufals”, _ gangvicxada iqve momuSave qalbatonma ninom, romelmac, sxva respondentebis, msgavsad gvaris gamxela ar isurva. mcxeTelebis umravlesobisTvis maTi ojaxis saarsebo minimumi turistebzea damokidebuli, magram weliwadis yoveli dro gansxvavdeba. turistebis ricxvi sezonurad xan klebulobs, xan- izrdeba. miuxedavad imisa, rom axla gazafxulia da turistTa moZaleba SeimCneva, ar unda dagvaviwydes rom zafxuls Semodgoma da zamTari mosdevs , rac nebismieri turistisTvis araxelsayrelia kulturuli memkvidreobiT tkbobisTvis.

salome quTaTelaZe Ggzavnili

13

sazogadoeba / Pprofesia

,,saqarTvelos patara elCebi’’ mcxeTaSi mTel msoflios movdeT, rom saqarTvelo turizmis qveyanaa, rom gvaqvs unikaluri buneba: mTebi, zRvebi, mdinareebi da, ai, marTlac, ,,msoflio ekonomikurma forumma” mogzaurobisa da turizmis konkurentunarianobis 2013 wlis msoflio reitingi gamoaqveyna, romelSic msoflios 140 qveyana moxvda. reitingSi saqarTvelom 7 punqtiT gaaumjobesa mdgomareoba da 4,10 quliT dRes 73-e adgilidan 66-ze gadainacvla. albaT amitomacaa, rom turistul kompaniebs axla ufro metad sWirdebaT kadrebi. bolo dros xSirad vawydebi xolme iseT gancxadebebs rogorebicaa: ,,gidebis mosamzadebeli skola” an ,,gidi-turizmis menejmentis kursis Seswavla”, ,,gidebis gadamzadebis centri” da sxva. es gancxadebebi sazogadoebis sakmaod didi nawils, gansakuTrebiT ki axalgazrdebs izidavs. ,,imisaTvis, rom gidad daregistirde, sami safexuris gavlaa saWiro: Seavso aplikacia, gairo treningi _ ,,Tbilisis turi” da bolos, Caabaro gamocda. Tumca Semdeg, gidebs periodulad uwevT kvalifikaciis asamaRlebeli treningebis gavlac” _ aRniSna saubrisas gidebis asociiaciis prezidentis asistentma konstantine TedoraZem. rogorc zogierTi dainteresebuli piris saubridan Cans (romlebic ar arian dasaqmebuli am kuTxiT), gidis profesia _ es maTTvis samuSaoc ki ar aris, piriqiT: dasveneba, eqskursiebi, axali nacnobobaa. erTi SexedviT sakmaod advili unda iyos turistebis gaZRola, Tan amaSi fulsac ki gixdian, magram realurad, nuTu marTla ase advilia profesia gidoba?! amis gasarkvevad mcxeTis gzas davadeqi. mcxeTis imitom, rom es aris qalaqi, romelic yovelTvis Sedis turistur samarSruto turSi. Sesabamisad, gidebi aq yvelaze aqtiurad muSaoben. mec swored es mindoda: uSualod gavsaubrebodi da, amavdroulad, davkvirvebodi maTi saqmianobis processac. sveticxovlis mimdebare teritoriaze xalxi ireoda, aq iyvnen rogorc ucxoeli turistebi, ise qarTveli damTvaliereblebic. mokled, yvela gidi dakavebuli iyo. didi xnis lodinis Sem-

14

Ggzavnili

deg, rogorc iqna, Tavisufali gidic ,,gamoviWire”. SoTa 21 wlisaa da Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetSi swavlobs. amasTan SeTavsebiT gidadac muSaobs. moswons rasac akeTebs. uwevs ucxoelebTan urTierToba, maTgan bevr axal sazRvargareTul ambavs igebs da esmis am ambebis moqalaqeobrivi Sefaseba. amasTanave aumjobebsebs ucxo enebis codnas da agrovebs sakmaris jibis fulsac. am dadebiTi faqtorebis miuxedavad, igi sirTuleebsac awydeba: ,,droisa da daRlilobis faqtori, mudam maRal xmaze saubari, mravalricxovani jgufis wevrebis yuradRebis mobilizeba da sxva”. swored jgufis marTvas miiCnevs umTavres saqmed ufro metad gamocdili gidi _ darina megreliSvilic, misTvis es aris is Tandayolili sfecifikuri unari, romlis gareSec warmatebuli gidi ver iqnebi. swored am Temebze vsaubrobdiT sveticxovlis ezoSi manam, sanam turistebis axali nakadi ar Semovida, turis bolos maTac gavesaubre. maT aRniSnes, rom gidis momsaxureba Zalian moewonaT, radgan maTi eqskursia mravalefrovani da saintereso gamovida. mokled, es statia ase ,,mSvidi” da mimoxilviTi iqneboda, rom ara qalbatoni cicino zivzivaZe. axla ukve damoukidebeli gidi. damoukidebeli, radgan rogorc TviTon ambobs, ukanonod gaaTavisufles. swored amitom Zalian didi survili hqonda, rom statiaSi mis problemazec damewera. qalbatoni cicinos TqmiT, igi muzeumis yofili gidia 35wliani gamocdilebiT, dRes ki `usamarTlobis msxverplia~, radgan ukananonod gaaTavisufles. aseve aRniSna, rom mcxeTaSi momuSave ,,gidebis asociaciis” wevrebi aviwroeben, Seuracxyofas ayeneben da muSaobaSic xels uSlian. amasTan dakavSirebiT sarCelic ki Seitana, Tumca, rogorc ambobs, uSedegod. masTan saubris Semdeg, am sakiTxiT davinteresdi da iq momuSave gidebsac gavesaubre. maTac daadastures, rom es problema realurad arsebobs da rom maTi muSaobis procesSi yvelaze did sirTules warmoad-

sazogadoeba

gens. qalbatoni cicinos saqcieli, maTi TqmiT, turistebis gakvirvebasac ki iwvevs. xSirad saqme Zalovan struqturebamdec midis, Tumca es yovelive sabolood kanoniT mainc ar regulirdeba. am TemasTan dakavSirebiT komentaris gakeTeba ,,gidebis asociaciaSic� viTxove. rogorc iq momuSave erT-erTma pirovnebam gviTxra (mis survilidan gamomdinare saxelsa da gvars ar vasaxeleb), qalbatoni cicino maTi wevri iyo, magram garkveuli wesebis darRvevis gamo, ramdenime gafrTxilebis micemis Semdeg igi gaaTavisufles. swored aman gamoiwvia uTanxmoeba. misive TqmiT, asaociacias ar aqvs aranairi problema qalbatoni cicinos damoukidebel saqmianobasTan. sTxoves kidec mas, rom orive mxares individualurad emuSava, yovelgvari garTulebebis gareSe. Tumca qalbaton cicinosa da asociacias Soris e.w kohabitacia mainc ver Sedga. amis Semdeg maleve Seveswari erT saintreso faqts - mcxeTaSi, sveticxovlis galavanTan policiis manqana idga. qalbatoni cicinosa da patrulis TanamSromlis saubari

sakmaod emociuri iyo. imdenad, rom turistebis yuradRebasac iqcevda. sainteresoa, netav ras fiqroben ucxoeli stumrebi, roca xedaven dapirispirebul gidebsa da patrulis TanamSorlebs, romlebic konfliqtis daregulirebas cdiloben? netav, rogori warmodgena eqmnebaT qveynis moqalaqeebsa da zogadad sazogadoebaze? erTi saJurnalo werili yvelafers ver daitevs, amitom Cems saTqmels aq davasruleb. davamatebdi mxolod imas, rac muSaobis procesSi davinaxe: profesia _ gidi sakmaod rTuli, Sromatevadi, magram amavdroulad sasiamovno saqme yofila da rac mTavaria, davrwmundi imaSic, rom am profesiis adamianebi tyuilad ar uwodeben TavianT Tavs ,,saqarTvelos patara elCebs�.

ana kakuria

Ggzavnili

15

sazogadoeba

mcxeTis gasaWiri mari 29 wlis: ,,saqarTvelos istoriuli dedaqalaqi”, ,,qristianobis akvani”, ,,qalaqmuzeumi”, ,,iuneskos msoflio kulturuli memkvidreoba”, ,,turistebis sayvareli adgili” _ yvela es epiTeti qalaq mcxeTas ekuTvnis. erTi SexedviT, Zneli warmosadgenia, ra unda uWirdeT mcxeTis macxovreblebs. erTi bedniereba xom isaa, rom aseTi qalaqis mkvidri xar. Tumca, roca materialurad giWirs, albaT, gaviwydeba mcxeTis didebuli warsuli da aRarc iseTi qveynebidan Camosuli turistebi gxiblaven, sadac didi albaTobiT, Sen verasodes waxval. mcxeTis mosaxleoba, 2002 wlis sayovelTao aRweriT, 7.7 aTasi kacia. Tu erTi dRiT didubis avtosadgurSi mixval da mcxeTa-Tbilisis mimarTulebiT moZravi mikroavtobusebis ganrigs an dRis bolos gayiduli bileTebis raodenobas daivTli, rTuli dasadgeni ar iqneba, rom qalaqi SromiTi resursebis naklebobas ar ganicdis. am dakvirvebiT aseve gaigeb, rom qalaqisTvis damaxasiaTebelia qanqariseburi migracia, anu diliT mosaxleobis umetesoba saswavleblad da/an samuSaod midis dedaqalaqSi da saRamos saxlSi brundeba. es imis eWvs badebs, rom mcxeTaSi samuSao adgilebis problemaa. Cven davinteresdiT, sad aris dasaqmebuli mcxeTis mosaxleoba da ra aris maTi ojaxebis Semosavali.

giorgi 45 wlis: ,,Cveni ojaxis Semosavali Zalian mcirea, dReSi 5 lari. naTesavs aqvs sursaTis bazarSi daxli da Cemi meuRle muSaobs gamyidvelad, me ki umuSevari var. 2 Svili gvyavs, mcirewlovanebi, ufrosi mecxre klasSia. am TanxiT Zlivs gagvaqvs Tavi.Aarc socialuri daxmareba gvaqvs. yvelam kargad icis, bavSvebs ramdeni ram sWirdebaT, Cven ki fuli kvebisTvisac ar gvyofnis. kargi iqneba Tu damatebiTi samuSao adgilebi Seiqmneba mcxeTaSi, radgan Cemnairi bevria''.

16

,,farexSi gaxsnili gvaqvs suvenirebis maRazia da esaa Cveni ojaxis Semosavlis ZiriTadi wyaro. arsukiZis quCa, sadac vcxovrobT, ganaxlebuli mcxeTis mTavari quCaa, amitom aq mravladaa aseTi maRazia. ase vTqvaT, damTvaliereblebisa da turistebis keTil nebazea damokidebuli Cveni finansuri mdgomareoba. rogorc vTqvi, es mTavari quCaa da ase Tu ise gvaqvs Semosavali, magram ra qnas iman, vinc sxva quCaze cxovrobs?!

nino 58 wlis: ,,profesiiT pedagogi var. skolaSi vmuSaobdi, Tumca ramdenime wlis win SemcirebaSi movyevi da axla imave skolaSi biblioTekari var. Cemi xelfasi 107 laria, rac saarsebo minimumze naklebia. dReSi 6-7 saaTi vmuSaob da pensiaze naklebi xelfasi maqvs. ojaxSi me da Cemi Zma varT. is umuSevaria. maRali qulis gamo verc socialurad daucvelTa siaSi movxvdiT. netav, Tu icis ganaTlebis ministrma, rom skolaSi pedagogebis garda sxva personals aseTi dabali xelfasebi aqvs?! amboben, cota xanSi aravis ar eqneba saarsebo minimumze dabali Semosavalio da amis didi imedi maqvs'.

Temuri 25 wlis: ,,amJamad dasaqmebuli ar var. Cemi mSoblebi ki muSaoben. deda Sef-mzareulia da baTumSi muSaobs, mama _ TbilisSi mSeneblobaze. gamodis, rom me maT xarjze vcxovrob. Cemi megobrebis umravlesoba umuSevaria. axalgazrdebis dasaqmebisTvis mcxeTaSi aranairi piroba araa Seqmnili. Zalian cota saxelmwifo samsaxuria, Tumca maT umetesobaSic araadgilobrivebi muSaoben''.

giorgi 23 wlis: ,,me profesiiT ekonomisti var da sadazRvevo kompania ,,aldagi bisi-ai”-Si vmuSaob, TbilisSi. mamaCemic TbilisSi muSaobs, sagzao kompaniaSi. dedaCemi ki diasaxlisia. Cvens ojaxs materialurad ar uWirs, Tumca es imas ar niSnavs, rom mcxeTis mosaxleoba uzrunvelyofilia samuSao adgilebiT, piriqiT. dedaqalaqi ase axlos rom ar iyos, albaT, ufro rTuli situacia iqneboda''.

nana 51 wlis: ,,ukve ramdenime kviraa samsaxurs veZeb. ara erTxel Semoviare mTeli qalaqi, Tumca veraferi vipove. yvelanair samuSaoze Tanaxma var, oRond rame gamoCndes da xelfasi mqondes. meuRle da dedamTili pensionerebi arian da maTi pensia jamSi 200 laria, Cveni ojaxis Tviuri Semosavali. mcxeTaSi bevri dawesebuleba araa, Sesabamisad, samuSao adgilebic SezRudulia. iqneb axali xelisufleba mainc dagvexmaros''.

naTia barbaqaZe Ggzavnili

sazogadoeba

sazRvars

miRma

„da aRaSena qalaqi Sesakrebelsa Soris mtkvrisa da aragvisasa da uwoda saxeli mcxeTa. qalaqi mcxeTa gandidebuli iyo umetes yovelTasa da uwodes deda qalaqad”, _ ase aRwers mcxeTis daarsebas „qarTlis cxovreba”. mas Semdeg didi dro gavida, „bevrma wyalma Caiara”. rogoria qalaqi dRes? mcxeTa qveynis erT-erTi yvelaze mimzidveli qalaqia, istoriuli ZeglebiT, qarTuli, tradiciuli suvenirebiTa da tkbileuliT movaWre adgilobrivebiT, mofusfuse damTvaliereblebiT da.... sazRvriT, romlis miRmac sibinZurea. sazRvari, romelmac qalaqi orad gayo, erTi _ dasufTavebuli nawili da meore _ dausufTavebeli. am or nawils erTmaneTisgan arc meti, arc naklebi erTi nabiji aSorebs. nabiji win da... pirdapir grZeli quCabandia. erTnairi, rZisfrad SeRebili Robeebi. kramitiT daxuruli saxlebi. sufTa qvafenili, romelzec uadgilod mxolod sakuTar Crdilsa da alublis yvavilebis furclebs amCnev. marjvniv, saxlebis gaswvriv kedlebze gamokidebuli suvenirebia: Salis windebi, fafaxebi, Teqis saTamaSoebi, qudebi, yvavilebi. iqve etlSi gabmuli TeTri cxeni morCilad elodeba patrons. Tu misiT dainteresdebi, Sav Ceqmebsa da cilindrSi gamowyobili meetle gagexumreba, _ „maia hqvia, moferebiT makos veZaxio”. ufro win sveticxoveli, romlis danaxvisas uneburad gagondeba sityvebi, _ „ aTaswleulebi walekaven irgvliv yovelives. mxolod sveticxoveli darCeba, rogorc RmerTTan da sikvdilTan mebrZoli iakobi”. garSemo xalxia, qarTvelebi Tu ucxoelebi. es qalaqis is nawilia, romelic yvelaze xSirad xvdeba maTi fotoaparatebis obieqtivSi. aq is xedebia, romlebsac yvelaze metad akvirdebian. nabiji ukan da... gzis ganapiras ferdobi mdinaris gaswvrivaa gaSlili. Tu specialurad ar gadaxedav, gzad mimavali verc ki SeamCnev. daakvirdebi da nagavsayrels hgavs. plastmasis boTlebi, sayofacxovrebo narCenebi, feradi polieTilenis „parkebi”. es qalaqis is nawilia, romelsac arc ki uyureben, TiTqmis veravin amCnevs. miuxedavad imisa, rom mopirdapire mxares mosaxleoba cxovrobs, lamazi saxlebi da sufTa ezoebia, rogorc etyoba arc misi dasufTavebiT iwuxeben Tavs. problema manam iwyeba, sanam danagvianebul adgils SeamCnev. iwyeba ara arsebuli faqtiT, aramed adamianis azrovnebiT. erTi mxriv, roca Seuferebel adgilas yris nagavs da meore mxriv, roca sxvis mier dabinZurebuls xedavs, magram arafers akeTebs, ar reagirebs. es gacilebiT didi problemaa, vidre quCaSi mimofantuli plastmasis boTlebi an nayinis qaRaldebi. amgvarma damokidebulebam qalaqSi xelovnuri sazRvrebi gaaCina. sufTaa is adgili, romelsac xedaven, dabinZurebulia, is romelic Tvalsaa mofarebuli. magram ra azri aqvs msgavs sisufTaves? es damaluli narCenebi, romlebic adamianis gulgrilobas amJRavnebs, bevrad ufro saSiSia, vidre Cvens Tvalwin dayrili nagavi.

salome gorgoZe

Ggzavnili

17

politika /interviu

mcxeTa qveynis erT-erTi yvelaze gamorCeuli, qalaq-muzeumis statusis mqone, administraciuli centria. qalaqis marTvis specifikaze, arsebul problemebsa da prioritetebze municipalitetis gamgebels givi giutaSvils vesaubreT. man yuradReba gaamaxvila qalaqis cxovrebaSi turizmis mniSvnelobasa da sarestavracio samuSaoebze. aseve, soflis meurneobis ganviTarebis axali proeqtis dadebiTi da uaryofiTi mxareebic Seafasa.

givi giutaSvili: ,,mcxeTa marto mcxeTelebis sakuTreba ar aris''! - mcxeTa 1968 wlidan atarebs qalaqmuzeumis statuss da iuneskos msoflio memkvidreobis nusxaSia Setanili. ra specifikaa msgavsi statusis mqone qalaqis marTvaSi? - ra Tqma unda, raxan mcxeTas qalaqmuzeumis statusi aqvs, sxva qalaqebTan SedarebiT ufro gansakuTrebuli midgoma sWirdeba. es Znelic aris, sapasuxismgebloc da imavdroulad sasixaruloc. mcxeTa marto mcxeTelebis sakuTreba ar aris, is mTeli qveynis sakuTrebaa, yoveldRiurad uamravi adgilobrivi Tu ucxoeli stumris maspinZelia. es ki valdebuls gvxdis, rom nebismier wuTs mzad viyoT, rom Rirseuli maspinZloba gavuwioT maT. - rogorc mcxeTis gamgebeli, rogor afasebT qalaqis rols qveynis ekonomikur cxovrebaSi? - miuxedavad imisa, rom mcxeTa patara qalaqia, Tavisi wvlili Seaqvs qveynis ekonomikur ganviTarebaSi. erTi mxriv, turizmi, romelmac xeli Seuwyo adgilze mcire da kerZo biznesis ganviTarebas. ramac Seicvala qalaqis infrastruqtura, gaixsna ara erTi restorani, kafe, sastumro, romlebSic adgilobrivi mosaxleobaa dasaqmebuli da es maTi Semosavlis ZiriTadi wyaroa. meore mxriv, sawarmoebi, sxva regionSi ar meguleba imdeni qarxana, ramdenic aq aris: „barambo“, „zedazeni“, „nataxtari“, „berta“, wylis Camosasxmeli qarxana „sno“. am yvelafers, ra Tqma unda, Tavisi mcire wvlili Seaqvs qveynis ekonomikur ganviTarebaSi.

18

Ggzavnili

- ra problemebi aqvs qalaqs am etapze? - rogorc mTel qveyanaSi, mcxeTaSic erT-erTi yvelaze didi problema umuSevrobaa. Cven, Cveni mxriv, yvelafers vakeTebT, rom mosaxleoba dasaqmdes. vcdilobT, movizidoT investiciebi, rom meti fuli daabandon mcxeTaSi, magaliTad, turizmis ganviTarebis mxriv, rac TavisTavad gulisxmobs infrastruqturis mowyobas, iqneba es restornebi, dasasvenebeli adgilebi, sastumroebi Tu savaWro obieqtebi. es ormagad sasargebloa, rogorc adgilobrivebisaTvis, ise qalaqis dasaTvaliereblad mosuli stumrebisaTvis. garda amisa, aucilebelia qalaqis gareTac aSendes qarxnebi, rac kidev erTi mniSvnelovani resursi iqneba imisTvis, rom mosaxleoba dasaqmdes da Sesabamisad arsebuli socialuri Tu ekonomikuri problemebi gadaiWras. Cemi, rogorc mcxeTis munici palitetis gamgeblis prioritetic es aris, mosaxleoba dasaqmdes da xalxi kmayofili iyos aq cxovrebiT. - mcxeTa turistuli zonaa, ra keTdeba imisTvis, rom is ufro mimzidveli gaxdes turistebisTvis? - SarSandeli monacemebiT orma milionma adgilobrivma da ucxoelma turistma naxa mcxeTa. wina wlebTan SedarebiT es gazrdili maCvemebelia wels ufro metsac velodebiT. aRsaniSnavia, rom es, Tavis mxriv, im sareabilitacio samuSaoebis damsaxurebaa, rac bolo periodSi mcxeTaSi Catarda. ganaxlebuli da galamazebuli qalaqi ufro

interviu /politika mimzidveli da sainteresoa yvelasTvis. gamomdinare iqedan, rom turistebisgan miRebuli Semosavali, adgilobrivi mosaxleobisaTvis erT-erTi ZiriTadi Semosavlis wyaroa, vcdilobT, turizmi kidev ufro ganvaviTaroT, rasac ZiriTadad infrastruqturis keTilmowyobiT da komfortuli garemos SeqmniT vaxerxebT. - qalaqis kulturuli Zeglebis restavracia ramdenime welia mimdinareobs. ra etapzea amJamad sarestavracio samuSaoebi? - SeiZleba iTqvas, rom sarestavracio samuSaoebi Sua etapzea. ZiriTadi nawili, rac gulisxmobda sveticxovlis garSemo quCebis restavracias, dasrulebulia. magram, mcxeTis istoriuli ubnebis daaxloebiT mesamedi, jer kidev ar gakeTebula. amjerad samuSaoebi SeCerebulia, magram aucileblad ganaxldeba, Tumca ver getyviT konkretulad rodis. es imazea damokidebuli saxelmwifo ra Tanxebs gamohyofs sarestavracio samuSaoebis dasasruleblad. - gazafxulia, sasoflo-sameurneo samuSaoebis dasawyisi. rogor mimdinareobs es procesi mcxeTaSi? - rogorc mTel saqarTveloSi, aqac daiwyo sasoflo-sameurneo samuSaoebi. mTavrobis programa, romelic soflis meurneobis aRorZinebas isaxavs miznad, ukve amoqmedda. xalxs TandaTan baraTebi urigdebaT, romelTa daxmarebiTac SeZleben moxnan, daTeson, kultivacia Cautaron naTesebs. Tumca raRac xarvezebma iCina Tavi. es gasagebicaa, yovelTvis, roca axal saqmes iwyeb, Tavidan mas problemebic axlavs Tan. jerjerobiT yvela msurveli vauCeriT ver dakmayofilda, moTxovna metia, vidre baraTebis raodenoba. es, Tavis mxriv, samuSaoebis dawyebas agvianebs. zafxuli axlovdeba, miwebi daTesilic unda iyos ukve, axla ki mesamedi miwebisa jer kidev dasamuSavebelia. - im SemTxvevaSi Tu baraTebis darigeba gaWianurdeba da glexebs sakuTari saxsrebiT mouwevT miwis damuSaveba, aris perspeqtiva imisa, rom danaxarji mogvianebiT aunazRauroT? - ra Tqma unda, es baraTi, marTalia, fulad ar gaicema, magram glexs nebismier dros SeuZlia misi gamoyeneba, SeuZlia sasoflo-sameurneo maRaziaSi wa-

vides da saWiro ram gamoitanos, iqneba es iaraRi, saTesi, sasuqi Tu sxva. vfiqrob, es programa efeqturi iqneba. cxadia, radgan pirvelia, daxvewa sWirdeba. am yvelafrisTvis mzadeba Semodgomidanve rom dawyebuliyo, es problemebi aRar Seiqmneboda. Tumca es arc mTavrobis bralia da arc xalxis. darwmunebuli var momdevno wels ufro momzadebuli Sexvdeba, rogorc mosaxleoba, ise saxelmwifo.

salome gorgoZe

mcxeTis municipalitetis gamgebeli: givi giUUutAAaSvili da mcxeTis municipalitetis sakrebulos Tavmjdomare: ilia iordaniSvili Ggzavnili

19

ekonomika / saTburi

,,damzadebulia saqarTveloSi...” ,,damzadebulia saqarTveloSi” _ am niSniT adgilobriv bazarze werovnis sasaTbure meurneobaSi moyvanili pomidvris Semdeg bosteulis kidv erTi saxeoba _ ,,werovnis kitri” gamoCnda. meurneobaSi produqciis warmoebisTvis saWiro yvela teqnikuri piroba ukve Seqmnilia. momxmareblis moTxovna gansazRvravs, gagrZeldeba Tu ara momavalSi am bostneulis moyvana. Aaleqsandre zubiaSvili (saTburis agronomi, soflis meurneobis doqtori): ,,kitri pirvelad mogvyavs, es sacdeli variantia. sakmaod kargi mosavali gvaqvs. zogadad, kitri pomidorze swrafad izrdeba da ufro uxvmosavliania, magram zustad ver getyviT, CavanacvlebT Tu ara pomidors kitriT an moviyvanT Tu ara kidev. es adgilobrivi bazris moTxovnazea damokidebuli. razec meti moTxovna iqneba, Cvenc imas vawarmoebT. Cven gvindoda gagvego, ramdenad SegveZlo saTburSi arsebuli pirobebiT kitris moyvana. ase vTqvaT, es pirveli cda, eqsperimenti iyo, romelmac gaamarTla. Tu bazarze am bostneulze moTxovna ufro meti iqneba, vidre pomidorze, Cven mzad varT saTburis specializacia SevcvaloT. ,,werovnis kitri” fasiTa da xarisxiT importirebul produqcias konkurencias gauwevs. axlaxan aRebuli mosavali ki, ZiriTadad, gorisa da Tbilisis bazrebSi gaiyideba”. saTburis mSenebloba, saxelmwifos iniciativiT 2011 wlis noemberSi daiwyo da proeqtis pirveli nawili 2012 wlis ianvarSi dasrulda. farTobi 0.85 heqtaria. saTburis werovanSi aSenebis mTavari mizani adgilobrivi devnilebisTvis samuSao adgilebis QSeqmna iyo. aRniSnuli meurneoba imiTaa unikaluri, rom aq pomidvrisa da kitris moyvana Tanamedrove teqnologiis _ ,,hidroponikis” gamoyenebiT xdeba. rac gulisxmobs imas, rom bostneulis CiTilebs miwasTan Sexeba ar aqvs. isini qoqosis qerqze izrdeba, romelic aumjobesebs nayofis gemo-Tvisebebs. mcenares sakvebi, wyali da saWiro nivTierebebi wveTovani morwyviT miewodeba.YsaTburSi haeris temperatura, wneva da tenis raodenoba avtomaturad, specialuri kompiuteruli programis gamoyenebiT regulirdeba. es yvelaferi saxelmwifos saSualebas aZlevs, naklebi muSaxelis gamoyenebiT, maqsimaluri mogeba miiRos.

20

Ggzavnili

aseTi teqnologia gamoiyeneba israelSi. Tu am qveynis magaliTs gaviTvaliswinebT, sadac mosaxleobis mxolod 2 procentia dasaqmebuli soflis meurneobaSi, xolo moyvanili produqti aramarto Sida moTxovnilebebs akmayofilebs, aramed eqsportzec gaaqvT, e.i. ,,hidroponika” sakmaod warmatebulad muSaobs. rogorc aRvniSneT, mcenares miwasTan Sexeba ar aqvs, ase rom Wia-matli naklebad eseva. Sesabamisad, Sxam-qimikatebiTac iSviaTad iwamleba. swored amis gamoa aq moyvanili bostneuli ekologiurad sufTa da jansaRi. gegmiuri Sewamvlis ararseboba ki saTburSi dasaqmebuli mamakacebis ricxvs maqsimalurad amcirebs. saTburSi amJamad 17 qali da 6 kacia dasaqmebuli. yvelani liaxvis xeobidan da axalgoridan devnilebi arian. roca isini werovanSi Caasaxles, aq Zveli saTburi funqcionirebda da dRevandeli muSaxelidan 5 qalbatoni iq muSaobda. xolo axali saTburis aSenebis Semdeg, isini aq gadmoiyvanes. Tan maT samuSao gamocdileba hqondaT, ramac didad gauadvila administracias saqme. danarCeni muSaxeli ki gasaubrebiT SeirCa. aleqsandre zubiaSvili: ,,gasaubrebis dros upiratesoba im adamianebs mieniWaT, romelTa ojaxebSic aravin muSaobda, raTa maT saarsebo minimumi hqonodaT. TiToeul qals dReSi 15 lari aqvs, Tan produqciis daxarisxebis dros, SedarebiT naklebi xarisxis pomidvirisa da kitris garkveuli raodenoba rCeba, romelsac inawileben da saxlSi miaqvT. devnilebs didi yuradReba da siTbo sWirdebaT. Cven yvelanairad vcdilobT davexmaroT maT mcire nawils mainc. roca sezoni mTavrdeba, sanam axal nergebs davrgavT, raRac saqmes mainc gamovuZebniT, rom fuli gamoimuSaon”. dasaqmebulebi samuSao pirobebiT kmayofilebi arian.Aadministraciis gadawyvetilebac moswonT - muSaxelis gasaubrebis formiT ayvanasTan dakavSirebiT. maTi TqmiT, xelmZRvaneloba samarTliania. Nnino mWedliZe: ,,me aq Zveli saTburidan gadmomiyvanes. samuSao pirobebiT kmayofili var. sawuwuno namdvilad araferi maqvs. xelfasi yovelTvis Tavis drozea. Tan transporti ar mWirdeba, aqve vcxovrob. es ki didi SeRavaTia. mZime samuSaoc ar aris. qalebs mce­ nareTa gasxv­la, Tavebis ga­dax­veva da na­yo­­fis

saTburi / ekonomika

mokrefa gve­­valeba. Dyvelas didi imedi gva­­qvs, rom saT­bu­­ris farTobi ga­­izrdeba da uf­ro meti dev­ni­li dasaqmdeba”. giorgi Wo­ve­liZe: ,,erTi we­lia vmuSaob saTburis dacvis samsaxurSi. ro­gorc iciT, aq dawyebulia mSe­neb­loba da bevri samuSao nivTi da iaraRia. teritoriac sakmaod didia da Cveni mTavari movaleoba am farTobis dacvaa, rom vinmem rame ar moiparos, ar daazianos. pirobebiT kmayofili var, Tumca ufro kargi iqneba Tu dacvis biWebis raodenoba gaizrdeba. eqvsni varT da yovel meore dRes gviwevs morigeoba sam-sam wevrs, rac cota arakomfortulia. sxva saqmes veRar vaswrebT. yovel mesame dRes rom vmorigeobdeT ukeTesi iqneba”. nino barbaqaZe: ,,muSaoba SarSan daviwye. gasaubreba gaviare da amiyvanes. Yyvela samarTlianad SegvarCies. arc erTi adamiani ar dauCagravT. samuSao pirobebi momwons da aranairi pretenzia ar maqvs am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. kviraSi maqsimum 5 dRe vmuSaobT. dReSi eqvsi, xan rva saaTi, rogorc saqmes sWirdeba. Sroma damRleli da mZime ar aris. xelfasic samuSaos adekvaturi maqvs da yovelTvis Tavis droze. erTi sityviT, kmayofili da madlobeli var. ubralod, kargi iqneba Tu saTburs gaadideben, raTa dasaqmebuli devnilebis ricxvi gaizardos. es Cven Zalian dagvexmareba. Tan axla, roca kompania ,,berta” gaCerda da iq momuSave devnilebi samsaxuris gareSe darCnen”. proeqtis Tanaxmad, werovnis sasaTbure meurneobas 2012 wlis bolosTvis 3-jer meti teritoria unda moecva, raTa adgilobriv bazarze importirebuli pomidvris moculoba Semcirebuliyo da Tan devnilebisTvis damatebiTi samuSao adgilebi Seqmniliyo. rogorc cnobilia, saqarTveloSi sursaTis bazari pomidvriT maisidan oqtombris bolomde marneulidan da lagodexidan maragdeba. oqtombridan ivnisamde adgilobrivi bazris mcire nawili werovnisa da ramdenime sxva sasaTbure meurneobaSi moyvanili pomidvriT ivseba, xolo bazris danarCeni nawili importirebul pomidors uWiravs, romelic TurqeTidan da iranidan SemoaqvT.Ewerovnis saTburSi sezonze 200-dan 300 tonamde mosavlis miRebaa SesaZlebeli, es ki Zalian mcire raodenobaa bazris moTxovnasTan SedarebiT.

gegmis mixedviT, werovanSi samSeneblo samuSaoebi daiwyo, magram oqtombris Semdeg SeCerda, rasac xelisuflebis cvlilebas ukavSireben. aleqsandre zubiaSvili: ,,saTbu­ris farTobs wina mTav­robis dapirebiT proeqtis me­ore etapze 3 heq­tari unda Seedgi­na. samSeneblo samuSaobi da­iw­yo. Kkarkasi aSe­ne­­bulia, magram ar­­Cevnebis Semdeg, qve­­yanaSi mimdina­re movlenebis ga­mo, mSenebloba Se­­Cerda. es saxelm­wi­fo proeqtia da imedi gvaqvs saTburis mSe­nebloba gagrZeldeba, radgan ,,qarTuli ocnebis” erTerTi mTavari winasaarCevno dapireba soflis meurneobis ganviTareba, xelSewyoba iyo. amasTan, gazrdili farTobis pirobebSi 3-jer meti devnili dasaqmdeba. es ki maTTvis didi daxmareba iqneba. proeqtis erT-erTi mTavari mizanic xom es aris”. dResdReobiT werovanSi mdebare sasaTbure meurneoba sruli datvirTviT muSaobs. adgilobrivi bazris garkveul segments Tanamedrove teqnologiis gamoyenebiT warmoebuli pomidvriT amaragebs. eqsperimentsac atarebs (kitris moyvana) sawarmos warmadobis gazrdis mizniT. amasTan, es saTburi devnili, 23 adamianisTvis Semosavlisa da ojaxis gamokvebis mTavari wyaroa. aq ,,gaCaRebuli” muSaoba agrZnobinebT, rom xelisuflebas isini axsovs da zrunavs maTze. didi imedi aqvT, rom aSenebuli karkasi karkasad ar darCeba da male maTi araerTi Tanasofleli Caebmeba Sromis FferxulSi.

naTia barbaqaZe

Ggzavnili

21

fotoreportaJi garevaWroba mcxeTaSi mcxeTaSi mosaxleobis umetesoba xelnakeTi nivTebis gakeTebiT irCens Tavs. mcxeTis quCebSi, xSirad, vxvdebiT garemovaWreebs, isini yovelTvis iqceven sazogadoebis yuradRebas. maTi nivTebi Zalian moswonT turistebs da samaxsovrod miaqvT TavianT qveynebSi.

ZiriTadad vxvdebiT : Teqis, minanqris, Tixis, xis da a.S xelnakeT nivTebs. es yvelaferi SeiZleba mcxeTis savizito baraTadac CavTvaloT. iq Casul adamianebs mcxeTa aseTi nivTebis gareSe verc ki warmoudgeniaT. nivTebi, romlebic mcxeTis quCebSia gamotanili Zalian alamazebs iqaurobas.

nanuli 52 wlis:

nivTebis gakeTeba daaxloebiT 20 wlis win daviwye. yovelTvis miyvarda qsova, samkaulebis gakeTeba. qsova bebiam maswavla 15 wlisas, vqsovdi, roca Tavisufali dro mqonda, Semdeg ki aqtiurad Sevudeqi am saqmis keTebas, radgan erTaderTi Semosavlis wyaroa Cemi ojaxisaTvis.

22

Ggzavnili

nodari 59 wlis:

me da Cemi vaJiSvili daaxloebiT 5 welia dakavebuli varT am saqmianobiT, ZiriTad saqmed ver miviCnevT, radgan klientebis naklebobas ganvicdiT, Tumca interesi Zalian didia, turistebs Zalian moswonT Cveni nivTebi da yiduloben xolme.

Mmzia 47 wlis. Teqaze didi xania vmuSaob. es CemTvis Tavidan gataceba iyo, mere ki am saqmem Zalian gamitaca da profesiad iqca CemTvis. davamTavre saqarTvelos teqnikuri universiteti, profesia _ iuridiuli. swavlasTan erTad vakeTebdi Teqis nivTebs: Sarfebs, qudebs, xelTaTmanebs da sxva. nivTebi gamqonda gamofenebze da did mowonebasac imsaxurebda. mere cxovreba ise warimarTa, rom ver movaxerxe Cemi profesiiT memuSava, amitom, gataceba Semosavlis wyarod vaqcie. myavs ori Svili nino da mariami. orives gamosdis TeqasTan muSaoba. jer patarebi arian Tumca xSirad mexmarebian Cemi profesiis ganviTarebaSi. myidvelebis naklebobas ar viCivi, gansakuTrebiT turistebi interesdebian Cemi namuSevrebiT. me Cemi profesiiT kmayofili var, vakeTeb imas, rac miyvars, msiamovnebs da amasTan erTad mcirediT ojaxsac vexmarebi.

fotoreportaJi moamzades: lika CaCuam da lela CanTaZem

Ggzavnili

23

reportaJi / sociumi

RmerTebis qalaqi qarTulad, anu saxlSi dabrunebis ocneba werovanSi SesvlisTanave braziliuri filmis, RmerTebis qalaqis pirvelive wuTebi maxsendeba, sadac udabur adgilas, mcxunvare mzis qveS gaSenebuli qviSiani geto Cans. RmerTebis qalaqSi yvelas aqvs raRac ocneba, romelic am getoSi cxovrebis gadatanis saSualebas aZlevs. werovanSi iZulebiT gadaadgilebuli pirebi cxovroben da ocneba maTac aqvT – maT saxlSi dabruneba surT. aq yvela saxli erTnairia da vinmesTan misvla rom mogindes, rigisa da saxlis nomris gareSe verafers gaxdebi. kiTxva-kiTxviT ki SegiZlia miagno sasurvel saxls, mosaxleoba soflebis mixedviT aris gadanawilebuli da rogorc ityvian, sofelSi yvela yvelas icnobs. mec amebna gza da sasurvel saxls kiTxva-kiTxviT mivageni. winaswar vicodi, romel ojaxSic unda mivsuliyavi. miuxedavad imisa, rom dilis 11 saaTi iyo, ukve gausaZlisad cxeloda. saxlebs Soris gza ar aris dagebuli. asfalti mxolod or quCazea _ eklesiamde misasvlel gzaze da centrSi, sadac Tbilisidan Camosuli oficialuri pirebi da maTi ucxoeli stumrebi iyrian Tavs. xeebsa da balaxsac erTaderT adgilas, eklesiis ezoSi SexvdebiT, sxvagan isini ubralod ar arsebobs. rogorc iqna, sasurvel saxls mivageni. oroTaxian saxlSi iluriZeebis xuTsuliani ojaxi cxovrobs. isini axalgoris raionis sofel ikoTidan arian devnilebi. saxlSi Casvlas ver axerxeben xolme. garda imisa, rom wasasvlelad saxsrebi sWirdebaT, droTa ganmavlobaSi Casvlis mizezic aRar aqvT. omma da upatronobam saxli sul gaaverana. miuxadavd imisa, rom ojaxi siduxWireSi cxovrobs, socialur daxmarebas mainc ar iReben. Cemi stumrobis dros saxl-

24

Ggzavnili

Si mxolod ojaxis ufrosi – koba iluriZe, misi Svili ana da deda, dariko damxvdnen. erTi SexedviT, Cveulebrivi ojaxia. bebia, Svili da SviliSvilebi. magram mainc aris maTSi raRac gansakuTrebuli, rac sxvebisgan gamoarCevs. misaReb oTaxSi erTi didi sawoli, ori gatexili skami da erTi gatexili magida dgas. erTaderTi, rac konteqstidan amovardnilad SeiZleba eCvenos adamians, es ganvadebiT nayidi saSualo zomis plazmuri televizoria. swored es gaxda kidec socialuri daxmarebis moxsnis mizezi. koba sakmaod maRali, welSimoxrili, axalgazrda mamakacia, romelsac gasakvirad grZeli xel-fexi aqvs. is ojaxs xelosnobiT arCens: ,,mudmivi samsaxuri ar maqvs. Semosavals xelosnobiT vSoulob. aq mcxovrebTa umetes nawils es problema aqvs. mudmiv samuSaos ver vpoulobT. socialuri agentebi rom iyvnen mosulebi, saxlis daTvalierebis Semdeg Segviwyvites socialuri daxmareba. raxan saxlis win saCrdilobeli gaakeTeT da axali televizoric SegiZeniaT, ese igi sakmarisi Semosavali gaqvTo. axla ukve axal nivTze ki ara, imazec ki uwyveten socialur daxmarebas, ojaxSi vinme sigarets Tu eweva. mkvdrebi xom ar varT, xuTi wlis ganmavlobaSi xeli ver gavanZrioT da salxs rame ver SevmatoT? es imas xom ar niSnavs, rom daxmareba aRar gvWirdeba? saZineblebi saTavsoebad gvaqvs gadakeTebuli da amis gamo, rogorc xedavT, misaReb oTaxSi gvZinavs. dagvpirdnen saTavsoebs migiSenebTo, magram dapireba dapirebad darCa. aravin gamoCenila, rom ramiT dagvxmareboda.” darikom erT-erT saZinebelSi Segvaxeda, romelsac daniSnulemisamebr ki ar iyeneben, aramed saTavsod aqvT gadakeTebuli. sawolze saTamoSoebi awyvia, skamze Cemodani

sociumi/ reportaJi devs, romelSic tansacmelia, magidaze kobas xelsawyoebia moTavsebuli, iatkze ki SuSis qilebi da tomrebSi gadanawilebuli sakvebi devs. amis Semdeg dariko samzareuloSi SemiZRva, romelic iseTi pataraa, ori adamiani erTad ver daeteva. sayofacxovrebo nivTebic erTmaneTze awyvia. TefSebi da Wiqebi macivris Tavzea moTavsebuli, qvabebi da tafebi gazquraze. sxva yvelaferi ki patara magidaze. rodesac meSvideklasel anas vkiTxe, moswonda Tu ara adgilobrivi skola, guldawyvetilma miTxra, rom seqtemberSi Tavis klaselebs saxelmZRvaneloebi dauriges, mas ki ar misces: ,,klasSi mxolod 3 moswavles ar Sexvda wignebi da erT-erTi me viyavi. roca vikiTxe, Tu ratom ar momces saxelmZRvaneloebi, maswavlebelma mipasuxa, rom sia misi Sedgenili ar iyo da ar icoda, ra kriteriumebiT SeirCnen moswavleebi.” koba saxlis Txel kedlebs maCvenebs: ,,zamTarSi qars ver ikavebs da zafxulSi sicxes. sicxes rom Tavi davaneboT, zafxulSi uaresi safiqrali gvaqvs: qvewarmavlebi mravldebian, aq ki TiTqmis yvela ojaxSi bavSvia da gveSinia xolme saTamaSod gaSveba. wina zafxuls pirdapir saxlis win vipove uxsenebeli da movaswari momekla, magram sxva dros bavSvi rom gadaeyaros? arc magis mosagvareblad Camodis vinme, rom dagvexmaros.” am dros oTaxSi mezobeli Semovida da isic CaerTo saubarSi. lia gvritiSvilic sofel ikoTidan aris: ,,rac Seexeba saxls, koba marTals ambobs. kedlebi imdenad Txelia, riTac unda gaaTbo, siTbos mainc ver iWers. Cven, devnilebi yvelaze Zviriani gaziT vTbebiT. me ar maqvs magdeni saSualeba, rom gazSi amxela Tanxa vixado da SeSis Rumels viyeneb. isic ise aSavebs am mocucqnul oTaxs, sunTqva Wirs xolme. Tavidan oTxni vcxovrobdiT, mere Cemma biWebma colebi moiyvanes da am or oTaxSi eqvsi adamiani vcxovrobT. damxarebas mxolod me da Cemi ufrosi biWi viRebT. marto Cven varT ikoTSi Cawerilebi da imitom. axla gvpirdebian, gagezrdebaT daxmarebao. vnaxoT ras izamen, egre imden rames gvpirdebodnen da araferi Segvisrules.” saubris bolos mravalSviliani ojaxi movikiTxe. mindoda, maTac gavsaubrebodi. aRmoCnda, rom zustad iluriZeebis win cxovrobda aseTi ojaxi, magram ratomRac saubari ar moisurves. qalbatonma liam SemomTavaza, Tavis mezoblad mcxovreb student gogonasac gavsaubrebodi, magram manac uariT gamomistumra. samarSruto taqsamde qalbatonma liam mimacila. gzaSi imave problemebze mesaubreboda, razec iluriZeebi miyvebodnen. saaTs davxede da 2 saaTi gamxdariyo. iseTi sicxe iyo, erTi suli mqonda transportSi Cavmjdariyavi da saxlSi davbrunebuliyavi. rodesac qalbatoni lia damemSvidoba da saxlis gzas gaudga, maSin

davfiqrdi, rom mis msgavsad, aq mravali adamiani versad gaeqceva gausaZlis sicxes. aq bavSvebi balaxis nacvlad talaxSi da mtverSi TamaSoben. aq yvelas erTi ocneba aqvs... p.s. saxlSi misvlisTanave daviwye werovanSi gadaRebuli fotoebis daTvaliereba da mivxvdi, ratom vifiqre iluriZeebze gansxvavebulebi arianmeTqi. samive, patara anac ki, gadaRlili TvalebiT icqirebian obieqtivSi da yvelam kargad viciT, rom es fizikuri daRliloba ar aris.

fiqria fiCxaZe Ggzavnili

25

reportaJi / sociumi

erTi dRe Zegvis bavSvTa saxlSi

Zegvi mcxeTa-mTianeTis regionis sofelia, Mmtkvris marjvena mxares, mcxeTidan daaxloebiT 9 kilometrSi mdebareobs. uZvelesi istoriuli Zeglebis garda, romlebic sofel ZegvSia SemorCenili, es sofeli wminda giorgi mTawmindelis dedaTa monasterTan arsebuli sareabilitacio centriT aris cnobili. M diliT adre, swored am sareabilitacio centrSi wasasvlelad vemzadebi. daaxloebiT naxevarsaaTiani mgzavrobis Semdeg ukve bavSvTa saxlTan var. ezoSi Sesuls mxolod gaRimebuli damlagebeli da gakvirvebuli ZaRlebi mxvdebian. bavSvebis xma ar ismis. Mmxolod mitovebul saTamaSoebs Tu naxav. qariani dRea da sakmaod civa. damlagebelma SenobaSi SemipatiJa. TavSesafris ambebs misi xelmZRvaneli _ nana gogoWuri miyveba. Zegvis bavSvTa saxlis saxeliT cnobili TavSesafari, 2004 wlidan wminda giorgi mTawmindelis dedaTa monasterTan arsebuli sareabilitacio centris saxeliT funqcionirebs. dReisaTvis is 60 adamianis saxlia. Zegvis bavSvTa saxli, 1995 wels patriarqis davalebiT dedaTa monastris winamZRvarma, deda mariamma (jafariZe) daaarsa. axla aq bavSvebTan erTad martoxela dedebi, moxucebi, Sromisuunaro da fsiqonervuli paTologiebis mqone pacientebic cxovroben. TavSesafarSi ZiriTadad Tbilisidan arian Casulebi. 2008 wels,

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Ggzavnili

centrma sakuTari iniciativiT, agvistos omis Sedegad dazaralebuli 15 adamianic Seifara. TavSesafris ezoSi kerZo saxlebsac naxavT. sacxovrebeli sareabilitacio centrma im daojaxebul wyvilebs auSena, romlebmac TavSesafris teritoriaze darCena da cxovreba gadawyvites. Aaqve Sendeba dedaTa monasteric. sareabilitacio centri sapatriarqos dafinansebiTa da kerZo SemowirulobebiT arsebobs. rogorc centris xelmZRvaneli ambobs, gansakuTrebiT gadasaxadebis dafarva uWirT. Ma.a.i.p. (arakomerciuli arasamewarmeo iuridiuli piri) statusis gamo, centri iuridiuli pirebisTvis specializebul komunalur gadasaxads ixdis, rac zamTarSi TavSesafris erT-erTi mTavari problemaa. ,,am TveSi gadmocemuli dafinansebiT mTlianad ver davfareT komunaluri gadasaxadebi. gaTbobas sicivis gamo oqtomberSi vrTavT. organizaciis statusis gamo erT kubur metr gazSi 1 laramde vixdiT. wels gazis xuTi Tvis gadasaxadi 18 000 laramde gvaqvs. Tu eleqtroenergiis gadasaxads ar gadavixdiT, CagviWrian. TiTqmis mTeli Cveni dafinanseba gadasaxadebSi midis�. Mmiuxedavad problemebisa, sareabilitacio centri bavSvebis saskolo, samgzavro da abiturientis mosamzadebel xarjebs Tavad uzrunvelyofs. TavSesafridan eqskursiebzec dadi-

sociumi/ reportaJi

an da dasasvenebladac. Mmeore sarTulze Zveli wignebiT momaragebul biblioTekasac naxavT. rogorc sareabilitacio centris xelmZRvaneli ambobs, es yvelaferi mcxeTis gamgeobis, sakrebulosa da satransporto gaerTanebis daxmarebiT xorcieldeba. ,,moxucebs Zalian uyvarT cirki. Aamitom cirkSic xSirad davdivarT. Aam dReebSi dagegmili gvaqvs wavideT Sida qarTlSi da movilocoT monastrebi. Ggvian Semodgomaze viyaviT kaxeTSi. zafxulSi zRvazec davdivarT. wels Tbilisis meriam borjomSic dagvpatiJa. gansakuTrebuli madliereba minda gamovxato mcxeTis xelmZRvanelobis mimarT. mcxeTis sapatrulo policia da mcxeTis gamgeoba mxars gviWeren. rac mTavaria mcxeTis satransporto gaerTianebis _ ,,mcxeTaavto�-s mxridan�. Senobidan gamovdivar da saubarSi garTuls ukve bavSvebic gareT mxvdebian. sicivisa da qaris miuxedavad, mainc mzad arian suraTebis gadasaRebad. Uubralod dganan da pozireben, Tundac saTamaSo manqaniT. ar vici ra xdeboda meore sarTulze, sadac fsiqonervuli paTologiebis mqone adamianebi, moxucebi da martoxela dedebi cxovroben. Tumca, am vizitis Semdeg SemiZlia vTqva, rom im problemebis miuxedavad, rac SeiZleba iq mcxovreb bavSvs, moxucsa Tu martoxela dedas hqondes, aq Semxvedri yvela adamiani mainc mzad aris sakuTari siTbo gagiziaros.

mariam leJava

Ggzavnili

27

reportaJi / religia

28

Ggzavnili

religia / reportaJi

,,es miwa wmindaa, is gvaZlierebs da sulierad gvkurnavs”. diliT maRviZaras Cveuli xmauri maRviZebs. vcdilob, gonebas movuxmo da viazrovno. dila rogorc yovelTvis erTferovania. mxolod mikroavtobuszea gansxvavebuli warwera _ ,,mcxeTa“. mcxeTaSi Casuli uzarmazar galavanTan vCerdebi, sadac uamravi adamiani xelgawvdili zis da daxmarebas iTxovs. galavanSi Sesvlisas vcdilob, koncentracia movaxdino. Cemi fiqrebis gadmocema imaze Zneli aRmoCnda, vidre megona. Znelia, imaze ilaparako, rasac ver xedav, magram gwams, grZnob da ubralod giyvars. ,,swored RmerTia siyvaruli” _ ambobs mama gabrieli. swored mama gabrielze minda visaubro. wmindanze, romelic saswaulebs axdens da axdenda maSinac, roca xorcSesxmuli adamiani iyo. Sevdivar dedaTa monasterSi, sadac mama gabrielia dasaflavebuli. man Tavad iwinaswarmetyvela Tavisi gardacvalebis dRe da isurva am adgilze dakrZaluliyo. ,,erTxel kibeze CamovdiodiT, is gaCerda da miTxra 2 welSi movkvdebi da zustad aq damasaflaveTo da adgili mimiTiTa“ - ambobs deda paraskeva. miuxedavad imisa, rom saflavTan uamravi adamiania da iq misvla Wirs, irgvliv mainc saocari simSvidea. saflavTan miaxloebuli adamianebi Tavqve emxobian, saflavze jvrebs da im adamianebis nivTebs awyoben, viszec wmindans SesTxoven. saflavze uamravi feradi yvavilia, romlebsac deda paraskeva uvlis. yvavilebi yvela sezonze xarobs da sxva adgilze gadargvisTanave Wkneba. deda paraskeva saflavis qvasTan zis. mlocvelebi krZalviT uaxlovdebian da dalocvas sTxoven. deda paraskevas patimari uaxlovdeba da dalocvas sTxovs, mama gabriels ki - Sendobas. am scenis Semxedvares mgonia, rom es aris adgili, sadac adamiani WianWvelas emsgavseba. yvela Tavis rigs elodeba. erT-erTi moxuci urigod gaatares. rogorc SemdegSi gavarkvie, am moxuces simsivne sWirda. rodesac moxuci deda paraskevas miuaxlovda da dalocva sTxova, deda paraskevam uTxra: ,,ra kibo, ra janze xar naxe, Sen araferi gWirs”. amis Semdeg jibidan raRac nivTi amoiRo da moxucs im adgilze dausva, romelic stkioda. ramdenjerme SevamCnie, rom deda paraskevam es nivTi mlocvels dausva. Jurnalisturi cnobismoyvareobis dasaZlevad mec mivedi dalocvis saTxovnelad. aRmoCnda, rom deda paraskeva mlocvelebs qvas usvamda. mlocvelebis dakvirveba ganvagrZe. Tavidan megona rom momeCvena, magram mere davrwmundi, rom isini saflavidan aRebul miwas Wamdnen. kiTxvaze Tu ratom akeTebdnen amas, aseTi pasuxi miviRe: ,,misi miwa wmindaa, is gvaZlierebs da sulierad gvkurnavs”. mec vcade igive gamekeTebina, magram zeTiTa da cremliT gajerebuli miwis gemos meti veraferi vigrZeni. mlocvelTa nakadi ar wydeba. saflavs sami ada-

miani uaxlovdeba. 6 Tvis likas gulis mankiT aris daavadebuli. ,,yvelafers vakeTebT, rom kargad iyos. movediT, rom wminda mama gabriels vTxovoT Sewevna da wyaloba“ ambobs likas deda_qalbatoni marina. qalbatoni Zalian aRelvebulia da amitom masTan saubris gagrZelebas ver vaxerxeb. iqve, gverdiT mdgomma qalbatonma iam TavisiT wamoiwyo CemTan saubari. ,,Cemi 6 wlis Svili, beqa daunis sindromiT aris daavadebuli. sul mindoda CemTvis deda daeZaxa. bevri gamigia mama gabrielis saswaulebze da gadavwyvite aq movsuliyavi. mjeroda, rom Tu guliT viwamebdi da vilocebdi, saswauli moxdeboda da moxda kidec. rogorc ki saflavs gavcdiT, beqam deda damiZaxa. eniT auRwereli sixaruli iyo es CemTvis”. es ambavi erT-erTia im uamrav ambavs Soris, romlebsac mama gabrielze hyvebian. mama gabrieli (eriskacobaSi goderZi vasilis Ze urgenaZe) 1929 wlis 26 agvistos daibada da 1995 wlis 2 noembers gardaicvala. uflisa da adamianebis usazRvro siyvaruli _ es iyo misi cxovrebis morali. gansakuTrebiT surda adamianebs erTmaneTis mimarT damokidebuleba SeecvalaT. imedia, Cven, misi sulieri Svilebi SevecdebiT aRvasruloT is anderZi, romelic man deda paraskevas daubara: ,,simdabliT da sikeTiT iyaviT, RmerTi da adamiani giyvardeT, radgan aseTi adamianebi gadarCebian”.

naTia kilasonia

Ggzavnili

29

kultura

sazogadoebisaTvis arc ise cnobili folkloruli ansambli ,,mcxeTa” didi xnis Zebnis Semdeg aRmovaCine. ansambli 13 kacisagan Sedgeba. yvelaze patara wevri 21 wlisaa, yvelaze didi _ ki 40 wlis. Cawerili aqvT erTi albomi , romlis prezentacia maisSi igegmeba. gavesaubre ansamblis erT-erT damaarsebelsa da wevrs, baton levan baxtaZes, romelsac didi wvlili miuZRvis ansamblis CamoyalibebaSi.

folkloruli ansambli ,,mcxeTa” - batono levan ras saqmianobT? - 2006 wlidan vmuSaob mcxeTis municipalitetis kulturis, turizmis, sportisa da axalgazrdul saqmeTa samsaxuris kulturisa da ZeglTa dacvis ganyofilebis ufrosad. aseve var ansambl „mcxeTis“ erTerTi wevri da var ansambli „qalTa gundis” xelmZRvaneli. - rodis Seiqmna ansambli „mcxeTa“ ? - ansambli „mcxeTa“ 2010 wels Seiqmna. rodesac muSaoba mcxeTaSi daviwye, mcxeTas folkloruli ansambli ar hyavda. iyo raRac ansambli, sadac asakovani mamakacebi moyvarulis doneze mRerodnen. Semdeg es ansambli maleve gauqmda. yovelTvis mqonda survili, ukeTesi ansambli yofiliyo mcxeTaSi. 2009 wlis 7 agvistos omis wlisTavisaTvis xelisuflebis dakveTa iyo, rom yvela qalaqsa Tu regionSi unda emReraT „mravalJamieri“. rodesac jeri mcxeTaze dadga aRmoCnda, rom mcxeTas ansambli ar hyavda. am periodisaTvis me saqarTveloSi ar vimyofebodi. didi wvalebis Semdeg movaxerxeT da daviqiraveT erT-erTi ansambli, romlebmac imReres „mravalJamieri“. rodesac saqarTveloSi Camovedi moviTxove, rom aucileblad unda Seqmniliyo ansambli, romelic mcxeTis saxe iqneboda, amis saWiroeba namdvilad arsebobda. Sevitane mcxeTis municipalitetSi proeqti, dagvimtkices da 2010 wlidan ukve ansamblma moRvaweoba daiwyo. - rogor SeirCa ansamblis wevrebi? - 18 ianvars, naTlisRebis dResaswaulze, sveticxovelSi wirvaze viyavi, sadac iyvnen mgaloblebis gundi. rodesac maTi galoba movismine momewona da vifiqre: axalgazrdebi arian da maTTvis didi stimuli iqneba axa-

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Ggzavnili

li ansamblis Camoyalibeba, romlis wevrebic TviTonve iqnebian-meTqi. mere Caviyvane kaxaber onaSvili da ansablidan moxda biWebis amorCeva, romeli xmebic dag­vaklda, Tbilisidan CamoviyvaneT da ase SevavseT ansambli. - ratom gadawyviteT, rom ansamblisTvis „mcxeTa“ dagerqmiaT? - radgan es uSualod mcxeTis ansambli unda yofiliyo, saxelze didi xani arc gvifiqria. gadavwyviteT saxeli „mcxeTa“ dagvetovebina, romelic mcxeTis savizito baraTad iqceoda. Tan Zvel ansamblsac „mcxeTa“ erqva da davutoveT igive saxeli, ubralod ansamblis wevrebi Seicvalnen. - vin aris ansablis xelmZRvaneli? - ansamblis xelmZRvaneli aris kaxaber onaSvili, romelic Cemi megobari da Zalan niWieri adamiania. is ansamblis daarsebisTanave misi xelmZRvanelia da Zalian didi wvlili miuZRvis mis SeqmnaSi. - repeticiebi sad tardeba? - Cveni repeticiebi yvelaze xSirad xelovnebis skolaSi tardeba. xandaxan kulturis saxlis administraciul SenobaSic. axla, rodesac albomi iwereboda repeticiebs kviraSi 3-jer vatarebdiT da darbazis uqonlobis gamo cota gagviWirda. - sponsori Tu gyavT? - generaluri sponsori ar gvyavs, ZiriTadad mcxeTis municipaliteti gvafinansebs. - marTavT Tu ara koncertebs? - diax, koncertebs xSirad vmarTavT. erTi koncerti konservatoriaSi gvqonda. Tu raime RonisZieba tardeba, TiTqmis yvelaferSi viRebT monawileobas. 10-15 ivniss qalaq baTumSi tardeba festivali da iqac miwveulebi varT.

kultura - jgufis romelime wevri simRerebs xom ar wers? - ara, samwuxarod, simRerebs arcerTi Cvengani ar wers. Cven ZiriTadad xalxur simRerebs vasrulebT. - qveynis farglebs gareT Tu gqoniaT koncertebi? - latviaSi gvqonda 2011 wels. 2010 welis oqtomberSi, mcxeTaSi, sazeimo vaxSamze Camosulni iyvnen latviidan stumrebi. iq ansamblis wevrebma ramdenime simRera SevasruleT, romelic Zalian moewonaT. aRfrTovanebulebi iyvnen Cveni samzareuloTi, bunebiTa da simReriT. 2011 wels dagvpatiJes latviis erT-erT ulamazes qalaqSi _ kuldigaSi. rogorc saqarTveloSi aRniSnaven mcxeTobas, Tbilisobas, quTaisobas, isinic aRniSnavdnen kuldigobas. latviaSi erTi kvira davrCiT. yoveldRe koncertebi tardeboda. maT aseTi tradicia aqvT, rom Tu sadme maRazia, kafe an saloni arsebobs, yvela warmodgens TavianT Tavs. Cvenc miviReT am RonisZiebaSi monawileoba. qalaqis SuagulSi dadgmul didi gemze tardeboda koncertebi. Cven sami koncerti gavmarTeT da pirveli koncertis Catarebis Sedmeg ise movewoneT iqaur xalxs rom gvaCerebdnen, CvenTan fotoebs iRebdnen da sul ,,saqarTvelos�A gaiZaxodnen. miuxedavad imisa, rom qalaqSi Zalian wvimda, meore da mesame koncertze uamravi xalxi movida. iqidan Zalian kmayofilebi da nasmianovnebi CamovediT. 2012 welsac viyaviT miwveulebi, magram usaxsrobis gamo samwuxarod, veRar wavediT. - moavlisTvis ra gegmebi gaqvT? - me piradad Zalian bevri gegmebi da proeqtebi maqvs, romlis damtkicebasac velodebi. Cemi didi survilia, rom mcxeTaSi aucileblad iyos Teatri. 2012 wels Camovayalibe axalgazrduli Teatri, romelmac maisidan daiwyo funqcionireba, magram darbazis uqonlobis gamo speqtaklebi aRar idgmeboda. rac Seexeba ansambls, Cvenc Zalian didi gegmebi gvaqvs. maisSi albomis prezentacia gvaqvs, ivnisSi baTumSi varT festivalze miwveulebi. aseve gvinda, konservatoriaSi CavataroT Cveni solokoncertebi. darbazis daqiravebas vapirebT da vnaxoT ramdenad gamogviva. aseve Cveni didi survilia, saqarTvelos yvela regionSi moewyos koncertebi, sadac folkloruli ansamb-

lis wevrebi miiReben monawileobas. aseve survili gvaqvs sazRvargareTac CavataroT koncertebi, magram es yvelaferi Tanxebzea damokidebuli. piradad Cemi didi survili iqneba, rom mcxeTis mosaxleobam xelovnebiT icxovros. es yvelaze aucilebeli da mniSvnelovania.

lika CaCua

Ggzavnili

31

sporti

,,qalamnebidan Cempionobamde da kidev...’’ ,,Camovida rurua? ese igi pirvel adgilze fiqri aravis SeuZlia!''

,,...sakuTari Tavi maSin aRmoaCina, roca ori wyvili qalamani did simdidred miaCnda. skolisken mimaval gzaze zamTarSi qalamans Wyapa-Wyupi gaudioda. amitom Cala gamudmebiT CanTaSi edo. skolis karTan qalamnebi unda gamoecvala...” ase iwyeba berZnul-romaul WidaobaSi, msoflios oTxgzis Cempionis, roman ruruas, avtobiografiuli wigni. 1942 wlis 25 noembers martvilis raionis sofel muxurCaSi daibada. izrdeboda ise, rogorc yvela bavSvi _ Sromasa da sicelqeSi. Tanatolebs Soris sportul SejibrebebSi upiratesobas yovelTvis grZnobda da swored aman afiqrebina bedi sportSi ecada. Tavidan fexburTeloba undoda. mis am gadawyvetilebaSi soflis erTaderT radios didi wvlili miuZRvis. yuradRebiT usmenda ,,box, rixian xmas, fexburTis matCi rom mihyavda”. sul ainteresebda rogori iyo stadioni, rogor itevda amden xalxs. 1955 wlis zafxulSi miznis misaRwevad Tbilisis gzas daadga: ,,maxsovs autaneli sicxe da sulTaxuTva, maSin vagonSi fanjrebi

32

Ggzavnili

ar iReboda. didubis sadgurSi gamogvicxades, _ moemzadeT, TbilisSi SevdivarTo. gzaSi Zveli Sarvali mecva, dedaqalaqs axliT unda Sevxvedrodi, hoda gamovicvale”. saWidao darbazSi SemTxveviT moxvda. uyurebda varjiSs da ufro da ufro moswonda es Zalismieri Serkineba. mere viRac WaRara kacma Widaoba SesTavaza da gulmac sabolood tatamisken gauwia. arasodes ufiqria, rom araswori arCevani gaakeTa. miznis misaRwevad Tavs ar zogavda. arc sirTuleebs uSindeboda. iyo SemTxvevebi roca travmebisa da tkivilebis miuxedavad mainc varjiSobda, Tanac dReSi orjer (swored aqedan dainerga orjeradi varjiSi WidaobaSi). ufro metic, erT-erTi orTabrZolis dros me-7 da me-8 nekni gaitexa, TamaSis dasrulebamde 5 wuTi iyo darCenili. igebda, magram eqimebma Sexvedridan moxsnes, Tumca xaliCidan fexi ar moicvala, Widaobis gagrZeleba sikvdilTan TamaSis tolfasi iyo, magram mainc gariska da ori gatexili nekniT Sexvedra moigo.

sporti ,, Cemi Widaoba yvelas moswonda. yvelgan, sadac Cems gamosvlas gamoacxadebdnen, darbazidan gasuli xalxi ukan morboda da es me stimuls mmatebda. me maTTvis unda meWidava...” rogorc miTxra arc bedisweris sjera da arc iRbalis swams. miaCnia, rom adamiani bedsac da iRbalsac yoveldRiuri cxovrebiT Tavadve qmnis. ,,Cemze veravin ityvis, rom me gamimarTla da ama Tu im Sejibrze SemTxveviT gavxdi Cempioni. TiToeul gamarjvebas uzarmazari energia Sevalie, bolomde davixarje“. magram xalxTa mesame spartakiadisTvis oTxyurian balaxs mainc eZebda. gagonili hqonda, Tu ipovi bednierebas mogitanso. moZebna kidec, mowyvita, wignSi saguldagulod Seinaxa da spartakiadazec gaiyola. ,,gamarjvebis cxvirsaxocic” hqonda _ mamidis gauToebuli cxvirsaxociT pirvelad moskovSi iWidava da Cempioni gaxda. Semdeg kvlav iWidava da kvlav Cempioni gaxda. mokled es cxvirsaxoci arasdros gaurecxavs, yvelagan Tan dahqonda da Sejibrsac sul igebda. cxovrebaSi baton romans, Turme sul oTxi mizani hqonia: yofiliyo kargi sportsmeni, hyoloda kargi ojaxi, aeSenebina saxli da yofiliyo sxvebisgan damoukidebeli. oTxive mizani ganaxorciela. ukve kargi sportsmeni iyo, roca ojaxis Seqmna daisaxa miznad. ,,SemeZlo ojaxis Tanamgzavrad Tbilisuri elituri ojaxis Svili amerCia. me xom im dros Zalian popularuli gaxldiT, magram Cemi mSoblebis daCrdilvas moveride. isini Cveulebrivi, rigiTi adamianebi iyvnen _ mama-kolmeurne, deda-meCaie. amitom mindoda Cemi meuRle ubralo ojaxidan, Tavmdabali adamiani yofiliyo”. gaumarTla da qalbatoni galina gaicno. man Tavisi moqmedebiT, CacmulobiT, kulturiTa da sisadaviT moxibla batoni romani. ai, ase Seqmna kargi ojaxi. Tumca raRacebze guli mainc swydeba: ,,sabWoTa kavSirma ngreva rom daiwyo 49 wlis viyavi. am asakSi qarizmatuli wlebi ukan rCeba da adamianebi dabrZenebuli azrovnebiT moqmedeben. mqonda energia, Zala, Wkua, goneba, saqmis keTebis unari da survili. 20 weli ise gavida, rom Cems qveyanas veraferSi gamovadeqi. arada, ramdeni ramis gakeTeba SeiZleboda?! yvelaze didi sinanuli, rac gamyveba samareSi, es usaqmuri, mocdenili wlebia”. SiSiT arafris eSinia. fiqrobs, rom cxovrbaSi yvela sirTulis daZleva SeiZleba, Tu saqmes sworad miudgebi. cxovrebac Sejibria, Tavad ki Sejbrebisas yovelTvis igebda. igebda imitom, rom sxvebze ukeT azarovnebda, fiqrobda da Tan siaxleebs nergavda. yovelTvis yvelaze did yuradRebas sunTqvas aqcevda: ,,magaliTad iwyeb urTierTobas anu Widaobas adamianTan, pirvel rigSi usmen rogor sunTqavs, Tu is ufro swrafad sunTqavs gamodis, rom ufro met energias xarjavs. is Tavisi sunTqviT maRla miiwevs, Senc misdev. is miva umaRles wertilze, daiRleba, kargavs azrovnebis unars da

fiqrobs mxolod imaze rogorme Tavi gadairCinos. am dros ukve wagebulia. sunTqva dedaa azrovnebisa, deda xom iciT yvelaferia. sunTqvac asea, maszea dafuZnebuli azrovneba. Tu kargad sunTqav, kargad azrovneb. amitom me did mniSvnelobas vaniWeb sunTqvas”. dasasruls batoni romani qarTul WidaobaSi dRes arsebubul situaciazec gvesaubra. miaCnia, rom Cveni sportis meTodika ukve daZvelebulia, daberebulia, Tumca momavali Taoba moswons: ,,me Widaoba didi xania ar minaxavs, magram ramdenime dRis win viyavi CxorowyuSi, bavSvebis Sejibrze. iq vnaxe fandebi, romlebic Cemi drois Semdeg ar minaxavs me vnaxe Widaoba! didebi ase ar ibrZvian, Tavs ufrTxildebian. bavSvi ki bolomde ixarjebian”. *** batoni romani Zalian kargi respondenti aRmoCnda. didxans visaubreT Zvelasa Tu axalze, istoriasa Tu literaturaze, soflis meurneobasa Tu Tanamedrove teqnologiebze, Tavis fiqrebze, mosazrebebze, survilebze. bevri saintereso miTxra, yvelaze metad ki erTi citata damamaxsovrda da rogorc statiis avtori Tavs uflebas mivcem da am werils swored am sityvebiT davasruleb: ,,adamians survili arasodes eleva, survili ar kvdeba, ar berdeba, survili yovelTvis cocxalia da mudam axalgazrdaa. survili rom ar iyos, arc iscocxle iqneboda, Cveni cxovreba surviliTaa, midis da midis yoveldRe win. sicocxlec survilia, ginda da ginda... raRacis survili yovelTvis ebadeba adamians, Tundac is, rom sikvdilis win ginda didxans icocxlo. erTaderTi, rac ar kvdeba Cvens cxovrebaSi, es survilia, mudam Tan gvaxlavs da ase iqneba yovelTvis”.

ana kakuria

Ggzavnili

33

sporti / niCbosnoba

niCbosnebi axali bazis molodinSi xalxur niCbosnobas didi xnis istoria aqvs. niCbosnobis saerTaSoriso federacia, romelic 118 qveyanas aerTianebs, darsda 1892 wlis 25 ivniss turinSi. saqarTveloSi akademiuri niCbosnoba 1950-ian wlebSi gavrcelda, roca litviidan navebi Camoitanes, moawyves saniCbosno bazebi da gaxsnes saswavlo jgufebi. niCbosnobis sami saxeoba arsebobs: akademiuri niCbosnoba, baidarka da kanoe. niCbosnoba kargad ganviTrda saqarTveloSi. dRes ukve niCbosnobis bazebi, rogorc Tbilissa da quTaisSi aseve mcxeTaSic aris. 1956 wels ssrk-s xalxTa pirveli spartakiadis brinjaos medlebi swored mcxeTelma kanoistebma: mose mamulovma da grigol urTaSvilma aiRes. mcxeTaSi niCbosnebs aqvT saSualeba axali navebiT gavidnen wyalze da ivarjiSon. xolo rac Seexeba darbazs, amJamad sportsmenebi darbazis gareSe arian darCenilebi da mxolod wyalze varjiSis saSualeba aqvT. axali bazis mSenebloba, romelic aRWurvili iqneba rogorc sportdarbaziT, aseve sporcmenebisTvis saWiro sxva mniSvnelovani atributebiT, axlac mimdinareobs. amJamad mcxeTaSi niCbosnobiT dakavebulia 12 sportsmeni. gavesaubre ramdenime sportsens, romelebic ukve wlebia dakavebulni arian am sportiT da aqtiurad varjiSoben.

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Ggzavnili

rogorc 21 wlis sportsmeni soso aRniSnavs: ,,mcxeTaSi niCbosnoba sakmaod popularulia. axalgazrdebis umetesoba dainteresebulia am sportiT, magram garkveuli pirobebis gamo ver axerxeben varjiSs. umetesoba ukmayofiloa arsebuli pirobebiT. ar gvaqvs SesaZlebloba imisa, rom sportsmeni maqsimalurad moemzados SejibrebisTvis. Cven yvelafers vakeTebT, rom nebismier Sejibrze kargi Sedegi vaCvenoT. Tumca unda aRvniSno isic, rom axla mimdinareobs bazis mSenebloba da imedi gvaqvs, rom pirobebi gaumjobesdeba da xels Segviwyobs imaSi, rom ukeTesi Sedegi vaCvenoT“. 21 wlis giorgi 9 welia am sportiTaa dakavebuli da ukeTes pirobebs elodeba: ,,am dargSi araerT warmatebas mivaRwie da sportisadmi didi siyvarulis gamo, pirobebis miuxedavad ar minda Tavis danebeba. axali bazis mSenebloba imedis da stimulis momcemia CvenTvis. miuxedavad imisa, rom Sejibrebebze wasasvlel Tanxebs saxelmwifo gvifinansebs, aseve didi stimulis momcemi iqneba, sportsmenebs mciredi Tanxa rom gvqondes stipendiis saxiT“. axlaxan mcxeTis mTavari mwvrTneli dima lolua imyofeboda eqvs sportsmenTan erTad „amier kavasiis Ria Cempionatze“, ro

niCbosnoba / sporti

axlaxan mcxeTis mTavari mwvrTneli dima lolua imyofeboda eqvs sportsmenTan erTad „amier kavasiis Ria Cempionatze“, romelic azerbaijanis qalaq mingeCaurSi, mingeCauris wyalsacavze gaimarTa. Sejibrze wasulebi iyvnen farnavaz kapanaZe, nodar martoleki, arCil baiaSvili da niCbosnobis erTaderTi sportsmeni gogo _ ani gvilava. sportsmenebma sakmaod kargi Sedegebi aCvenes da ukve dabrunebulebi aqtiurad emzadebin momdevno SejibrisTvis. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom saqarTveloSi mcxeTis niCbosnobis skola erT-erTia, romelic dRemde ganagrZobs arsebobas. bazis mSenebloba imeds iZleva, rom niCbosnoba ufro ganviTardeba. axalgazrdebSi ufro met interes gamoiwvevs da sportsmenTa raodenobac gaizrdeba. Tumca bazis dasrulebis zust dros veravin asaxelebs. imis miuxedavad, rom bazaze mSenebloba axlac mimdinareobs, sportsmenebi mainc varjiSoben da aqtiurad emzadebian SejibrebebisaTvis. maTi sportisadmi aseTi damokidebuleba imis maCvenebelia, rom axalgazrdebi mzad arian yvelanair pirobebSi warmatebisTvis ibrZolon. Tumca maTac aucileblad sWirdebaT stimuli imisaTvis, rom ufro mondobebiT ivarjiSon, rac aisaxeba miRweul warmatebebze.

xatia lelaZe

Ggzavnili

35

ivane javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifOo universiteti, socialur-politikur mecnierebaTa fakuLlteti JUurnalistikis mimarTulebis saswavlo studenturi Jurnali. rEedaqtori: mariAam leJava nomris redaqtori: cisia cercvaZe stilist-koreqtori: fiqria fiCxaZe teqNnikuri redaqtOri: lali Sengelia reDdkolegiis wevrebi: Aana kakuria, lika CAaCua, lela CAanTaZe, salome quTaTelaZEe, xatia lelaZe, naTia barbaqaZEe, ilia qibrowaSvili, salome gorgoZe, naTia kilasonia. konsultanti: maia toraZe Ggzavnili

Ggzavnili


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