What Can I Do with a Master's Degree in International Peace Studies?
The Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame prepares students for careers in policy analysis, political change, organizational leadership, and conflict analysis and transformation. Join us.
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UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME 1 Contents Peace studies 6 Classes 8 Career paths 12 Faculty 14 Internships 18 Connections 22 Alumni 26 Notre Dame 30 Scholarships /financial support 32 Frequently asked questions 34 Apply 36 Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies | 2 >> Change the world Now more than ever, the world needs skilled analysts who understand global and local dynamics and who take strategic action for peace and justice. The Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies prepares students for careers in policy analysis, political change, organizational leadership, and conflict analysis and transformation. Join us. kroc.nd.edu UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 3 What can I do with a masterâ€™s degree in international peace studies? 2 | Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies >> Shape the future Students come to the Kroc Institute from all over the world, with an extraordinary array of academic interests and professional experience. They share a commitment to work on peace and justice in local, regional, and global settings. Christina Shaheen â€™09 interned at the International Womenâ€™s Commission for a Just and Sustainable Peace in Jerusalem. She now works at U.N. Women in New York. UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 3 >> Work for peace “We are teachers, first and foremost. Nothing is more important to us than shaping new generations of young professionals who work for justice, human rights, and peace.” — R. Scott Appleby Professor of History John M. Regan Jr. Director of the Kroc Institute Nobel peace laureate Shirin Ebadi, of Iran, with Scott Appleby. 4 | Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 5 6 | Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies >> Explore peace studies Peace studies draws on a range of disciplines–political science, history, sociology, anthropology, psychology, law, theology and more–to address the world’s greatest challenges and shape the future of humanity and the planet. Denis Okello ’06 interned at the Henry L. Stimson Center in Washington, D.C., before becoming the National Information Officer at the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Kampala, Uganda. UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 7 >> Immerse yourself In the classroom The masterâ€™s curriculum centers on rigorous interdisciplinary coursework. You'll take foundational classes in peace and justice theory; specialized classes on contemporary conflicts and strategies of peace; classes focused on a career track; and a capstone course that integrates theory and practice. Peter Wallensteen is the Richard G. Starmann Sr. Professor of Peace Research at the Kroc Institute and the Dag HammarskjĂśld Professor of Peace Research at Uppsala University in Sweden. 8 | Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 9 >> Recent peace studies classes* Foundations in Peace Studies Contemporary Conflict and Peace Processes Economics of War and Peace Gender and Peace Studies Globalization, Democracy, and Development in the Middle East International Migration & Human Rights Modern Middle East Peacebuilding and Public Policy Structural Violence Religion, Culture and Peacebuilding Nonviolent Social Change Global Politics and Peacebuilding Colonialism and Its Legacies Conflict Transformation and Strategic Peacebuilding Political Economy of War and Peace Politics of Reconciliation Ending Political Violence Trauma and Peace Studies Modernity and Reformation in Islam Islamic Ethics Social Movements in Political Perspective International Migration and Human Rights Universal Protection of Human Rights International Humanitarian Law The United Nations and Counterterrorism International Cooperation World Order, Conflict Resolution and the United Nations Borders, Boundaries and Frontiers Modern Genocide International Peace Research Modern Religion, Conflict and Violence * For details on the curriculum, please visit kroc.nd.edu. 10 | Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies Susan St. Ville, Ph.D., is director of the masterâ€™s program. UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 11 Go places Hala Fleihan ’07 interned at Catholic Relief Services in Cambodia and now works as a training and development officer at Bank Audi in Lebanon. Anton Murra ’12 (opposite, left) interned with Catholic Relief Services in Mindanao in the Philippines. Patrick William Otim ’10 (opposite, right) interned at the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation in Cape Town, South Africa. 12 | Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies >> Career paths Upon entering the program, you'll choose one of the following professional tracks.Â Each track offers core knowledge and skills relevant for work in that area within the broad field of peace studies. >> Policy Analysis and Political Change For students pursuing careers in policy advising in government or intergovernmental or nongovernmental organizations; political organizing and advocacy; and human rights implementation, monitoring, and evaluation. >> Organizational Leadership and Management For students pursuing careers in local and international nonÂgovernmental organizations, governmental and intergovernmental agencies, and religious and other civil society organizations. >> Conflict Analysis and Transformation For students pursuing careers in mediation and facilitation from the grassroots to the international level, restorative justice, and program development and training in conflict transformation. UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 13 Learn from experts >> the professors The Kroc Institute's interdisciplinary faculty includes historians, political scientists, anthropologists, sociologists, legal scholars, and experts in areas ranging from religion and ethics to counterterrorism and global peace and justice. R. Scott Appleby (Ph.D., history, University of Chicago) Professor of History, John M. Regan Jr. Director of the Kroc Institute Strategic peacebuilding; the role of religion in violence and peacebuilding Catherine Bolten (Ph.D., anthropology, University of Michigan) Assistant Professor of Anthropology and Peace Studies Structural violence; youth and conflict; post-war poverty and development David Cortright (Ph.D., political science, Union Institute) Director of Policy Studies Social change; peace movements; security and counter-terrorism; economic sanctions; U.S. and U.N. policy in Iraq and Afghanistan Hal Culbertson (J.D., University of Illinois) Executive Director Management of international NGOs; design and evaluation of peace initiatives John Darby (Ph.D., sociology, University of Ulster) Professor of Comparative Ethnic Studies Ethnic conflict; peace processes and peace accords Larissa Fast (Ph.D., conflict analysis and resolution, George Mason University) Assistant Professor of Conflict Resolution Humanitarian aid and politics; development and conflict; conflict analysis and resolution; peacebuilding; NGO security Pamina Firchow (Ph.D., Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies) Associate Director of Doctoral Studies International development studies; transitional justice; theories of revolution and political violence Robert C. Johansen (Ph.D., political science, Columbia University) Senior Fellow; Professor Emeritus of Political Science International peacebuilding and human rights; the United Nations; international ethics; the International Criminal Court Madhav Joshi (Ph.D., political science, University of North Texas) Research Assistant Professor Post-civil war transition to democracy; peace duration; peace accords and peace processes Asher Kaufman (Ph.D., history, Brandeis University) Associate Professor of History and Peace Studies Politics and society in Lebanon and Syria; Israeli policy in the Middle East; boundaries and nationalism 14 | Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies John Paul Lederach (Ph.D., sociology, University of Colorado) Professor of International Peacebuilding Peacebuilding practice; conflict transformation in Central and South America, Africa, Northern Ireland, Nepal, the Philippines and other parts of the world George A. Lopez (Ph.D., political science, Syracuse University) Hesburgh Chair in International Peace Studies The United Nations; international relations; state violence and coercion; war and terrorism; economic sanctions; gross violations of human rights Julie Macfarlane (LL.M., University of London, Ph.D., University of the South Bank) Adjunct Professor of the Practice Dispute resolution; mediation; conflict resolution interventions Bernie Mayer (Ph.D., University of Denver, social work/conflict resolution) Adjunct Professor of the Practice Conflict intervention; mediation; ethnic relations; conflicts among governments, corporations and NGOs Mary Ellen O’Connell (J.D., Columbia University) Robert and Marion Short Chair in Law and Research Professor of International Dispute Resolution International legal theory, international law on the use of force, international dispute resolution A. Rashied Omar (Ph.D., religious studies, University of Cape Town) Research Scholar of Islamic Studies and Peacebuilding Islam; religion and violence; interreligious dialogue and peacebuilding; post-accord peacebuilding Atalia Omer (Ph.D., religion and society, Harvard University) Assistant Professor of Religion, Conflict and Peace Studies Ethno-religious nationalism; diaspora activism; religion and political theory Daniel Philpott (Ph.D., political science, Harvard University) Associate Professor of Political Science and Peace Studies Reconciliation; religion and global politics; humanitarian intervention; the justice of war Gerard F. Powers (J.D., University of Notre Dame) Professor of the Practice of Catholic Peacebuilding Religion, ethics, and international affairs; religion and peacebuilding; policy studies; legal and moral norms on military force; Catholic social teaching Emad Shahin (Ph.D., international relations, Johns Hopkins University) Henry R. Luce Associate Professor of Religion, Conflict and Peacebuilding Islam and politics; democracy and political practice in Islamic law; Islamic movements in the Middle East and North Africa Jason Springs (Ph.D., religion and society, Harvard University) Assistant Professor of Religion, Ethics and Peace Studies Religious ethics; tolerance; pluralism; conflict transformation Susan St. Ville (Ph.D., theology, University of Chicago) Director of the Master’s Program Trauma and peacebuilding; gender issues in war and peace; psychological effects of violence Ernesto Verdeja (Ph.D., political science, New School for Social Research) Assistant Professor of Political Science and Peace Studies Political violence; comparative genocide; transitional justice; forgiveness; reconciliation Peter Wallensteen (Ph.D., Uppsala University) Richard G. Starmann Sr. Professor of Peace Studies; Dag Hammarskjöld Professor of Peace Research, Uppsala University Peace and causes of war; conflict resolution, prevention and mediation; sanctions; peacebuilding and the U.N. UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 15 David Cortright, director of policy studies, and other Kroc Institute faculty members are regularly consulted by policymakers, international organizations, government officials, businesses, and foundations. 16 | Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies >> Faculty outside the classroom* These are just a few of the positions held by Kroc Institute faculty members in recent years. Chair of the Board of Directors and Interim Executive Director, The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists Coordinator, Catholic Peacebuilding Network Senior Research Associate, Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs Consultant, Physicians for Social Responsibility Consultant, U.N. Department of Humanitarian Affairs, Miskito/Sandinista negotiations in Nicaragua Consultant, peacebuilding efforts in Somalia, Northern Ireland, Colombia, the Basque Country, the Philippines, Tajikistan, Nepal Co-chair, Chicago Council on Global Affairs Task Force on Religion and the Making of U.S. Foreign Policy Founding Director, International Conflict Research Institute Member, American Academy of Arts and Sciences Honorary President, Ethnic Studies Network Consultant, Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict Advisor, International Peace Academy Consultant, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Senior Associate, International Center for Religion and Diplomacy Consultant, CORDAIDâ€”Dutch humanitarian organization Trainer in reconciliation, Great Lakes region of Africa, Catholic Peacebuilding Network Advisor, Government of Northern Ireland Research Fellow, Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace Board member, Institute for the Study of Genocide Trustee, Healing of Memories Institute, South Africa Member, Genocide Prevention Committee, International Association of Genocide Scholars Advisor to NGOs in Nepal on design and implementation of peacebuilding activities International advisor, Knowledge Forum on Religion and Development Trustee, Desmond Tutu Foundation Member, U.N. Panel of Experts for Sanctions on North Korea * Visit kroc.nd.edu to learn more about the Kroc Instituteâ€™s core faculty and the more than 50 faculty fellows who contribute to teaching and research related to peace and justice. UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 17 Get to work 18 | Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies >> Global internships In the second year of the master’s program, you’ll work for 6 months at an organization focused on peace and justice in Asia, Africa, the Middle East or the U.S. Selected field site partners Israel/Palestine Center for Research & Information, Jerusalem Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, Cape Town Women for Women International, Washington D.C. Holy Land Trust, Bethlehem Acholi Religious Leaders Peace Initiative, Gulu, Uganda Stimson Center, Washington, D.C. IDASA: An African Democracy Institute, Cape Town Sabeel Ecumenical Liberation Theology Center, Jerusalem Human Rights Focus, Gulu, Uganda Catholic Relief Services, Phnom Penh/Davao City/Kupang/Baltimore Rabbis for Human Rights, Jerusalem Catholic Parliamentary Liaison Office, Cape Town International Women’s Commission, Jerusalem Applied Research Institute–Jerusalem, Bethlehem Uganda Land Alliance, Kampala Institute for Justice and Reconciliation, Cape Town Palestinian Initiative for the Promotion of Global Dialogue and Democracy (MIFTAH), Ramallah Foundation for Human Rights Initiative, Kampala Refugee Law Project, Kampala International Centre for Transitional Justice, Cape Town The AIDS Support Organisation, Kampala and Gulu Advocates Coalition for Development and Environment, Kampala Caritas Internationalis, Gulu, Uganda Search for Common Ground, Washington, D.C. and Jerusalem The Justice and Reconciliation Project, Gulu, Uganda Initiatives for International Dialogue, Davao City, the Philippines Meedan Mekonnen ’07 interned with Refugees International in Washington, D.C., and is now a research analyst with UNICEF in New York. UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 19 John Filson â€™07 interned in Jerusalem and now works for the 3P Human Security Initiative in Washington, D.C. 20 | Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies Conduct research >> Examine world challenges While in the field, you'll be immersed in contemporary issues of peace and justice. When you return to campus, you'll develop a master’s project that integrates theory learned in the classroom with practical work “on the ground” in local and global settings. UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 21 >> Make connections Engage with world leaders, senior scholars, policymakers, government and U.N. officials, authors and artists, human rights activists, journalists and filmmakers. Francis Deng, Special Advisor to the U.N. on the Prevention of Genocide and Mass Atrocities, speaks with students after delivering the 17th Annual Hesburgh Lectures in Ethics and Public Policy at the Kroc Institute. 22 | Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 23 >> Visiting lecturers The world comes to campus Rose Gottemoeller, Assistant Secretary of State and U.S. Nuclear Arms Negotiator Abel Barrera Hernández, Founder and Director, Tlachinollan Human Rights Center in Guerrero, Mexico; Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award Laureate Archbishop Desmond Tutu, 1984 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Charles Villa-Vicencio, Senior Research Fellow, Institute for Justice and Reconciliation, Cape Town, South Africa Rev. Bryan Hehir, Parker Gilbert Montgomery Professor of the Practice of Religion and Public Life, Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government Francis Deng, Special Advisor to the U.N. on Prevention of Genocide and Mass Atrocities Martin Macwan, Scholar-activist for Dalit human rights and Robert F. Kennedy Laureate Lee Hamilton, U.S. Congressman, former Vice-Chair of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks and former chairman of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs Cynthia Enloe, Research Professor of International Development and Social Change and Women’s Studies, Clark University Michael Walzer, Professor Emeritus, School of Social Science, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton University Major General William F. Burns, U.S. Army, Retired Antonio Donini, Senior Researcher at the Feinstein International Center at Tufts University Jean Bethke Elshtain, Laura Spellman Rockefeller Professor of Social and Political Ethics, University of Chicago Divinity School Paul Collier, Director, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford Martha Minow, Dean and Jeremiah Smith, Jr. Professor, Harvard Law School Mary Kaldor, Professor of Global Governance & Director of the Centre for the Study of Global Governance, London School of Economics Shirin Ebadi, 2003 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Archbishop John Baptist Odama, Archdiocese of Gulu, Uganda Martha Nussbaum, Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Ethics, University of Chicago Law School Jack DuVall, President and Founding Director of the International Center on Nonviolent Conflict Michael Ignatieff, Member of Canadian Parliament and former director of the Carr Centre for Human Rights and Policy, Harvard University Amartya Sen, 1998 Nobel Laureate in Economics John Prendergast, human rights activist and co-founder of the Enough Project 24 | Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies At the podium and in the classroom, clockwise from upper left: Jean Zaru, Palestinian peace activist and author; Archbishop Desmond Tutu, 1984 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, with Kroc Institute faculty member Rashied Omar; Irene Perurena â€™91, Director of International Organizations and Cooperation, Ciudad del Saber in Panama City, Panama; John Prendergast, human rights activist and co-founder of Enough: The Project to End Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity. UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 25 >> Join a global network Leadership in peacebuilding Graduates of the Kroc Institute's master's program work at every level of society—in the public, private, and nonprofit sectors; in large cities and remote villages; and in multinational institutions and community-based organizations around the world. Protecting human rights Hannah Wu ’91 Human rights specialist, U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Bangkok, Thailand Hannah Wu works closely with civil society and government representatives around the world to implement human rights norms such as the right to liberty, freedom from torture, and protection from arbitrary arrest. Her work has taken her to Albania, Cambodia, China, Macedonia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Tajikistan, and many other places. Pursuing international justice Xabier Agirre Aranburu ’95 Senior analyst, Office of the Prosecutor, International Criminal Court, The Hague, Netherlands Xabier Agirre Aranburu seeks international justice from his position at the heart of the International Criminal Court, reviewing witness statements, videos, photos, and other evidence documenting atrocities and crimes against humanity in the Central African Republic, Darfur, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Uganda. Preventing conflict Brian McQuinn ’03 Dialogue and conflict resolution specialist Brian McQuinn is a conflict resolution specialist who has worked in conflict-affected countries with the United Nations Development Programme and the Carter Center. He co-founded the Human Wildlife Conservation Collaborative and is a lead trainer for the United Nations System Staff College course on Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding. Responding to violence George Wachira ’91 Senior research and policy advisor, Nairobi Peace Initiative George Wachira and four other peacebuilders founded Concerned Citizens for Peace in Kenya only a day after violence erupted following the 2008 election crisis. The organization has become a prominent forum for dialogue and a voice for tolerance and nonviolence. Resolving community disputes Zoughbi Zoughbi ’89 Founder and director, Wi’am/Palestinian Conflict Resoluton Centre, Palestine Zoughbi Zoughbi founded Wi’am/Palestinian Conflict Resolution Centre to offer mediation, training, and counseling to help resolve community disputes. It includes a trauma-coping program for children, leadership training for women, and nonviolence education programs for people in the West Bank. Wi’am was honored with the 2010 Peacebuilding Award from World Vision International. 26 | Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies Martin Ewi â€™01, political affairs officer for the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, and Rosette Muzigo-Morrison â€™93, legal affairs officer, U.N. International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, at work in The Hague in the Netherlands. UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 27 Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies | 30 >> Kroc alumni in action Human Rights Officer, U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights Project Officer, Catholic Relief Services, East Jerusalem Disaster Technology Integration Specialist, American Red Cross Senior Technical Manager, Democracy and Governance, Management Systems International, Washington, D.C. Ambassador of Romania to Croatia International Relations Expert, Institute for Trade Studies and Research, Iran Chief of Media and Public Information, U.N. Development Programme, East Timor First Secretary, Brazilian Embassy, Beijing Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Specialist, Colombia Economics Correspondent, Reuters, Beijing National Coordination Officer for Peacebuilding, U.N. Mission in Liberia Legal Services Director, Ugandan Human Rights Commission, Kampala Senior Associate, International Center for Transitional Justice, New York Founder and Director, Wi’am/Palestinian Conflict Resolution Centre, Palestine Senior Analyst, Office of the Prosecutor, International Criminal Court, The Hague Programme Manager, Iraq Refugees, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation Director, Maryknoll Bolivia Mission Immersion Program, Cochabamba, Bolivia Coordinator, Restorative Justice Program and Conflict Mediation Services, Ontario Mediator, Restorative Justice Program of the youth justice system, United Kingdom President, Chilean Council for Transparency Refugee Resettlement Program staff member, Catholic Charities Manager, U.N. Trust Fund for the Elimination of Violence Against Women Director, Nairobi Peace Initiative (NDI–Africa), Nairobi Chief of Staff, President’s Office, MacArthur Foundation Director, South Asian Community Centre for Education, Research and Action Co-founder, Human Wildlife Conflict Collaboration, Bethesda, Maryland Senior Vice President for Anti-Money Laundering, Citigroup, New York Program Officer for Africa, National Endowment for Democracy Policy Director, U.S. Jesuit Conference, Office of Social and International Ministries Environmental Specialist, the World Bank, Washington, D.C. UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 29 Experience Notre Dame | Kroc for International Peace Studies | Peace 32 30 Institute Kroc Institute for International Studies >> About the University Home to 12,000 students–about 3,500 of them graduate students–Notre Dame is a leading Catholic research university with global connections. We welcome master’s students in peace studies from many religious and secular traditions who are committed to a common intellectual life in pursuit of peace and justice. For more information about the University of Notre Dame, visit nd.edu. UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 31 Fulfill a vision >> Scholarships and financial support Admission to the masterâ€™s program is highly competitive. Admitted students (up to 20 each year) receive a scholarship that covers the full cost of two years of graduate tuition at the University of Notre Dame. Master's students also receive a stipend for housing and living expenses and support for the 6-month internship, including travel to and from a Kroc Institute field site in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, or the United States. 32 | Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies Groundbreaking 1988 â€” Philanthropist Joan B. Kroc and the Rev. Theodore M. Hesburgh, C.S.C., president emeritus of Notre Dame, break ground on the Hesburgh Center for International Studies, home of the Kroc Institute. Mrs. Kroc's generosity has made it possible to underwrite the graduate education of more than 500 peacebuilders around the world since 1986. UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 33 Frequently asked questions What is the master’s degree in international peace studies? The Kroc Institute’s master's degree is a post-graduate, full-time, residential program at the University of Notre Dame. Does the Kroc Institute offer specializations within the master's program? Yes. Upon enrolling at the Kroc Institute, students choose one of 3 professional tracks within the curriculum: Policy Analysis and Political Change; Organizational Leadership and Management; or Conflict Analysis and Transformation. Students take 3 courses in their track and take internship positions that reflect their professional interests. What are the degree requirements for the master's? The program is two full academic years (four semesters), including 13 classes and a one-semester internship. All students take foundational courses in peace studies; classes offering knowledge and skills specific to one professional track; and electives related to global politics, human rights, religion, culture, and political economy. A capstone course, including a major project that integrates theory and practice, also is required. What are the qualifications for admission? The program is limited to students who have at least a bachelor’s degree or the equivalent from a four-year college or university. Applicants are selected on the basis of grades, professional experience, exam scores, TOEFL scores (when applicable), and recommendations. Students must make a compelling statement in their application about how the master’s degree will advance their goals for work in peace and justice. How much work experience is required for admission to the program? Most successful applicants will have worked for at least two years (paid or volunteer) in areas related to peace and justice. When are classes in session? Classes are in session from the last week in August through the first week of May (internships run from July through December). Do you offer scholarships? The Kroc Institute offers students who are accepted into the master’s program a full scholarship and a stipend for housing and living expenses for two years. Graduate stipends are intended to cover costs such as housing, telephone, food, books, supplies, and travel for students while in residence at Notre Dame and during internships at the Kroc field sites. 34 | Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies What resources do you offer for professional development? Faculty members advise students on professional development. The Kroc Institute’s career development staff works with individual students and offers seminars on professional development. The University of Notre Dame’s Office of Career Services also has a staff dedicated to helping students realize their career goals. In addition, one of the Kroc Institute’s greatest assets is its alumni network of dedicated graduates at work around the globe. Do I need to submit test scores? U.S. citizens are required to take the Graduate Record Examination, the standardized exam used for admission to all graduate schools in the United States. International students who are not native English speakers or who have not studied at a university in which English is the primary language of instruction are required to take the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) or the International English Language Test (IELTS). All classes are taught in English. Who makes the admissions decisions? The Kroc Institute’s Master’s Admissions Committee (consisting of faculty) carefully reviews each applicant’s personal and professional experience to assess readiness for graduate study at the Kroc Institute. What is the size of the master’s class? Each master’s class in peace studies consists of a maximum of 20 students. Where do students live? Most students live in graduate student housing on campus. Off-campus rental housing also is available. Visiting campus Because so many prospective students to the Kroc Institute live outside of the United States, students are not required or expected to visit. Students who would like to visit the Kroc Institute to learn more about the master’s program may do so by appointment. Email your request to firstname.lastname@example.org. How do I apply? Please apply online. All the information you need, and application instructions, are available at kroc.nd.edu. The application deadline is December 15 of each year. UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME | 35 The University of Notre Dameâ€™s Tantur Ecumenical Institute, located on a hill in Jerusalem near Bethlehem, is home for 6 months to masterâ€™s students who pursue internships in Israel and Palestine. 36 | Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies Apply Apply online by December 15. kroc.nd.edu Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies Hesburgh Center for International Studies University of Notre Dame Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 USA Telephone: 574-631-6974 Email: email@example.com Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies Hesburgh Center for International Studies University of Notre Dame Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 kroc.nd.edu Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies | 40