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Middlebury College

Rohatyn Center for InternationalAffairs

A N N U A L R E P O RT 2002-2003

Student interest in international affairs at Middlebury is reflected in the huge crowds for events like Elie Wiesel’s address in the fall of 2002.Above, the audience overflows Mead Chapel and gathers on the lawn to hear Wiesel’s “Reflections on September 11 One Year Later.” Photograph by Bob Handelman

A Year of Distinction

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S PAGE THREE ANNOUNCES, the

high point of academic year 2002-2003 was the rededication of the Center in the name of Felix and Elizabeth Rohatyn.The Rohatyns’ generous gift will ensure that our programs and activities need not be tied to the economy’s ups and downs. It is a distinct honor and pleasure to direct a Center bearing the Rohatyn name. Energized by the October dedication ceremonies, academic year 2002-2003 was an especially rich and productive one. We launched a new competition for grants to fund undergraduate student research abroad, and five promising scholars-in-the-making received grants to conduct overseas research for their senior honors theses. The October 2002 symposium on ethnonationalism in the contemporary world was the culminating event in our Crossing Borders program with The Ford Foundation. The conference brought to Middlebury a dozen renowned scholars of nationalism to celebrate the work of distinguished visiting scholar Walker Connor. In conjunction with the Foreign Language Division, RCFIA inaugurated the Language, Mind, and Culture Colloquium. Building on the work completed under the auspices of the Ford grant, the College secured a new Title VI grant from the U.S. Department of Education that will enable us to implement the Arabic language component of our present offerings in Middle Eastern studies, while expanding the range of our cocurricular offerings.

The year also brought an impressive expansion, both in breadth and depth, of our cocurricular programming, which would have been wholly impossible without the ideas and commitment of other college departments and organizations. The working paper series continued to develop and grow, publishing five more titles and serving as a forum for provocative work in progress across the disciplines.The RCFIA Assistant Director Charlotte Tate and Program Coordinator Martha Center was especially Baldwin

RCFIA Director Allison Stanger and Felix G. Rohatyn ’49, former U.S. ambasador to France

pleased to provide an important forum for thoughtful discussion of contentious issues during the recent U.S. war with Iraq, hosting speakers whose views spanned the full political spectrum. Our activities were enhanced by executive-in-residence visits from Vic Micati, former member of Pfizer Inc.’s Corporate Management Committee, and Antonia Ax:son Johnson, owner and chair of the Axel Johnson Group. Jessica Korn, founding editor-in-chief of the Gallup Management Journal and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, joined us as visiting professor in May of 2003. Through it all, RCFIA staff played their usual indispensable role in ensuring smooth day-to-day operations through all requisite transitions. It is impossible to imagine this year’s achievements without the outstanding work of Charlotte Tate, together with Martha Baldwin and Carolann Davis and the support of countless faculty members whose creativity and initiative make RCFIA such an exciting and engaging place to be.We look forward to another action-packed year and hope that you will be a part of it.

Allison Stanger Director, Rohatyn Center for International Affairs Professor of Political Science

ROHATYN CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

ANNUAL REPORT 2002-2003

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GETTING IN T OUCH Allison Stanger Director, RCFIA Professor of Political Science 802-443-5023 stanger@middlebury.edu Charlotte Tate Assistant Director, RCFIA 802-443-5795 tate@middlebury.edu Martha Baldwin Program Coordinator, RCFIA 802-443-5324 baldwin@middlebury.edu Carolann Davis Program Coordinator, International Studies, and International Politics and Economics 802-443-2319 cadavis@middlebury.edu

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 2002–2003

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Mark Williams, Director, International Politics and Economics Jeffrey Cason, Director, International Studies Erik Bleich, Director, European Studies David Macey, Director, Russian and East European Studies and Director, Off-Campus Study Mark Williams, Director, Latin American Studies (fall ’02) Jeffrey Cason, Director, Latin American Studies (spring ’03) Don Wyatt, Director, East Asian Studies Michael Katz, Dean, Language Schools and Schools Abroad

Table of Contents 1

MESSAGE FROM THE DIRECTOR

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RCFIA DEDICATION

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SYMPOSIA

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LECTURES AND EVENTS

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EXECUTIVE-IN-RESIDENCE PROGRAM

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COLLOQUIA

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WORKING PAPER SERIES

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INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH TRAVEL GRANTS

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INTERNATIONAL THESES

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STUDENT INTERNSHIPS

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SELECTED FACULTY PUBLICATIONS 2002-2003

I NTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE Jeffrey Cason (International Studies) Shihani DeSilva ’03 (Student Member) Michael Katz (Language Schools and Schools Abroad) Christopher McGrory Klyza (Environmental Studies) Thomas Moran (At-large Faculty Representative) Edward Perry (At-large Faculty Representative) Allison Stanger (Chair) Charlotte Tate (RCFIA) Mark Williams (International Politics and Economics)

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RCFIA WEB SITE WWW.MIDDLEBURY.EDU/~RCFIA

PHOTOGRAPHY COVER: antique map by Digital Vision; B&W images by Joshua Drake Principal photography by Carolann Davis; additional photography by David Carlson, Joshua Drake and Eric Skovsted.

ANNUAL REPORT 2002-2003

RCFIA Dedication

Elizabeth Rohatyn, Felix Rohatyn, Middlebury College President John McCardell, Chair of Middlebury’s Board of Trustees Churchill Franklin, and Allison Stanger

“I believe that market capitalism is the best economic system ever invented for the creation of wealth. But it must be fair, it must be regulated, and it must be ethical...Only capitalists can kill capitalism.” —Felix Rohatyn

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In conjunction with the dedication, Felix G. Rohatyn, United States ambassador to France from 1997 to 2000, gave a talk titled “American Democracy: Freedom, Fairness and Wealth.” Rohatyn graduated from Middlebury in 1949. Ambassador Rohatyn is the president of Rohatyn Associates, a New York firm that he founded in April 2001, which provides financial advice to corporations. Prior to his appointment as ambassador to France, Rohatyn was a managing director of the investment bank Lazard

N OCTOBER 2002, MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE’S CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS was rededicated as the Rohatyn Center for International Affairs. Middlebury College received a gift from the Felix and Elizabeth Rohatyn Foundation to be used to establish an endowment for the center. The endowment will support the center’s lectures, symposia, executive-in-residence program, and international colloquia, and will provide funding for visits to campus by international leaders, scholars, diplomats, and executives.

Felix Rohatyn and Prindle Wissler, widow of Rohatyn’s Middlebury mentor, Professor Benjamin Wissler

Frères and Company in New York, which he joined in 1948, becoming a partner in 1961. From 1975 to 1993, he was chairman of the Municipal Assistance Corporation (MAC) of the City of New York, where he managed the negotiations that enabled New York to pull itself out of its financial crisis in the 1970s. Rohatyn is a trustee of the Center for Strategic and International Studies and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

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Symposia October 4–5 “Ethnonationalism in the Contemporary World” · This symposium was the culminating event in Middlebury College’s three-year Crossing Borders initiative, generously supported by The Ford Foundation.Topics included primordialism, ethnicity, racism, ethnic conflict, territorialization, sovereignty, and homeland making. The conference brought to Middlebury a dozen of the world’s foremost scholars of nationalism to celebrate the accomplishments of Distinguished Visiting Professor and Scholar-in-Residence in Political Science Walker Connor, himself a member of that same group.

From left to right: Donald Horowitz (Duke University), Robert Kaiser (University of Wisconsin, Madison), Provost Ronald Liebowitz, Allison Stanger, William Safran (University of Colorado), William Douglas (University of Nevada),Walker Connor, John Stone (Boston University), John Edwards (St. Francis Xavier University), John Coakley (University College Dublin), Erik Bleich, and Brendan O’Leary (University of Pennsylvania)

“The national bond is subconscious and emotional rather than conscious and rational in its inspiration.” —Walker Connor

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OCTOBER 31–NOVEMBER 1 South Asian Club Symposium on the Arts “Dubbing Culture: Reinventing India in Film, Literature, and Music” (a student-organized event) · Keynote address: “Transliterating Traditions” by Arshia Sattar, filmmaker and critic; maker of the documentary Kings, Lovers and Thieves NOVEMBER 7–9 Islamic Society Symposium “Shattering the Myth: Islam, the Media, and Orientalist Stereotypes in the American Consciousness” (a student-organized event) · Keynote address and screening: “A Veiled Revolution: The Myth of the Muslim Woman” by Elizabeth Fernea, filmmaker, author of In Search of Islamic Feminism NOVEMBER 16–17 “Post-Communist Agrarian Reform in Eurasia: The Road Ahead” · Over the past 10 years, agriculture in the former Soviet bloc has not responded well to privatization and the introduction of market-driven forces; output and productivity have fallen almost everywhere. This symposium identified institutions that support the development of agricultural markets. It drew a wide range of academic and government experts from both the U.S. and overseas to discuss the critical components of agricultural progress: land ownership, financing, technical assistance, and the

ANNUAL REPORT 2002-2003

creation of new markets—particularly those that require products from new or rehabilitated farms. FEBRUARY 27–MARCH 1 Ninth Annual African Symposium “Power and the State in Africa: Negotiating the Future”—a student-organized event · Keynote addresses: “West African Conflicts and Prospects for Resolution” by William Reno, associate professor of political science, Northwestern University; “Rethinking the African State in Pan-African Perspective” by Guy Martin, visiting lecturer of political science, Georgia State University and adjunct professor of political science, Spelman College MARCH 14–16 Alianza Latinoamericana y Caribeña Symposium “Resurgence of Leftist Governments in Latin America” (a student-organized event) · Keynote address: “The Resurgence of a Political Left in Latin America” by Margaret Randall, internationally acclaimed feminist, writer, photographer, and activist; author of Coming Up for Air (2001) and When I Look into the Mirror and See You (2002) APRIL 11 “The Globalization of Japan” · Despite its decade-old economic doldrums, Japan remains the second-largest economic power in the world today. This symposium brought to Middlebury College a panel of three of the nation’s top Japan scholars to discuss Japan’s influence on other nations and global effects on Japan in the post-Cold War era. The panelists were Carol Gluck, George Sansom Professor of Japanese History, Columbia University; Susan Napier, associate professor of Asian studies, University of Texas, Austin; and Theodore

Nadia Horning, David Rosenberg, Kiki Taylor ’03, Janine Knight ’03, and Naima Gregory ’03

Bestor, professor of anthropology, Harvard University. APRIL 12–13 “Middlebury College Refugee Camp Simulation” (a student-organized event) · Keynote addresses by Allison Anderson Pillsbury, Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children, and Hiram A. Ruiz, United States Committee for Refugees USCR), and Immigration and Refugee Services of America (IRSA) APRIL 25–26 “France 2003: The Challenge of Change”—cosponsored by the French Cultural Service of Boston · Like any country or society today, France faces a number of challenges. Pressures to change come from within and without and affect everything—from political structures to the economy, from society to culture, from a sense of national identity to defining one’s role on the international scene. In the case of France, there are special pressures at work. Like the U.S., France has seen herself as an exception, and indeed exceptional, a model for others to contemplate and from which to take inspiration. This symposium brought together colleagues to speak on a number of topics that highlight some of the major forces at work for change in France and promoted discussion about both France and the U.S. in that light. MAY 2–4 “Middlebury AIDS Forum”—organized by the Middlebury College chapter of the Student Global AIDS Campaign · Keynote address: “Fighting AIDS from Capitol Hill” by Vermont Representative Bernie Sanders

Photo: Left (back row) Neil Waters, Robert Pekkanen, Ted Bestor (front row) Susan Napier, Carol Gluck, and Carole Cavanaugh

Symposia ROHATYN CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

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Lectures and Events

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URING THE 2002–2003 ACADEMIC YEAR,

RCFIA sponsored and supported a wide array of cocurricular international events that spanned the globe and crossed the disciplines.

SEPTEMBER John Hamilton Fulton Memorial Lecture in the Liberal Arts: “Reflections on September 11 One Year Later” by Elie Wiesel, Andrew W. Mellon Professor in the Humanities, Boston University; founding chairman of the United States Holocaust Memorial Council; winner of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the United States Congressional Gold Medal, the Medal of Liberty Award, the rank of GrandCroix in the French Legion of Honor, and the 1986 Nobel Prize for Peace

“The very traits that make people good leaders are the same traits that make them more likely to exploit their positions for private gain.” —Alice Rivlin Annual Vermont Global Symposium with Thomas Friedman, three-time Pulitzer Prize winner; cosponsored by Champlain College, St. Michael’s College, and Vermont Council on World Affairs “September 11, 2001: One Year After” open microphone session “The Coming War with Iraq: How Did We Get Here?” by Scott Ritter, former chief inspector of the United Nations Special Commission to Disarm Iraq (UNSCOM) “Why America Needs the Proportional Representation Electoral System” by Terry Bouricius ’76, senior analyst at the Center for Voting and Democracy and former member

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of the Vermont House Representatives from the Progressive Party “What We Learned: Perspectives and Commentary from the World Summit on Sustainable Development” by Chris Howell ’04.5 and Bennett Konesni ’04.5 Rick Fantasia, professor of sociology, Smith College, presented and discussed Sociology Is a Martial Art, (La sociologie est un sport de combat), a film on the life and work of French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, directed by Pierre Carles, France 2001 “An Evening of Israeli and Palestinian Poetry” with readings by Aharon Shabtai of Tel Aviv, poems in Hebrew; Taha Muhammad Ali of Nazareth, poems in Arabic; Peter Cole, translation “Campaign Finance Reform and First Amendment Freedoms” by William K. Sessions III ’69, United States District Court Judge OCTOBER “Celebrating Internships” panel presentations and discussions with Middlebury College students “Varieties of Post-Atheist Experience: Minimal Religion and Sectarian Consciousness in Late Soviet Russia” by Mikhail N. Epstein, Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of Cultural Theory and Russian Literature, Emory University and author of Cries in the New Wilderness: From the Files of the Moscow Institute of Atheism “Media and Civil Society in New Democracies” by Tomáš Klvana, deputy editor-in-chief, Hospodarské noviny, Prague, Czech Republic “Darwin and Japanese Politics: Electoral Change and the Evolution of Japan’s LDP” by Ellis Krauss, professor of Japanese politics and policy making, Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies, University of California, San Diego “Strategy, Ethics, and the War on Terrorism” by Albert C. Pierce, director, Center for the Study of Professional Military Ethics, U.S. Naval Academy

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Hilda Llorens, Allison Stanger, and Sylvia JalilGutierrez

“Reading the Literatures of India: Transnational and Vernacular Postcolonialisms” by S. Shankar, assistant professor of English, University of Hawaii, Manoa “How the New Security Regime Affects Women, Children, and Communities” by Anannya Bhattacharjee, program officer, Unitarian Universalist Veatch Program “Liberty versus Security? A Progress Report on the U.S. PATRIOT Act” by Ben Scotch, executive director, Vermont chapter, American Civil Liberties Union “Institutional Change and Firm Creation in East-Central Europe” by Gerald A. McDermott ’88, assistant professor of management, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania “American Democracy: Freedom, Fairness, and Wealth” by Felix G. Rohatyn ’49, former U.S. ambassador to France; former managing director, Lazard Frères and Company; former chair, Municipal Assistance Corporation (MAC) of the City of New York “Globalization and Democracy” by Michael Hardt, associate professor of literature and Italian, Duke University; coauthor of Empire (with Antonio Negri)

“We’re All Mexican Here: Gender, Migration and Work in the Poultry Industry” by Steve Striffler, assistant professor of anthropology, University of Arkansas

“China Conquers Nature: Human Rights and Environmental Degradation under Maoism” by Judith Shapiro, professor, American University; author, Mao’s War Against Nature

An evening of traditional Peking opera by the Yeh Yu Chinese Opera Association of the greater New York area

“War on Iraq: Where Are We Now? Where Are We Going? Where Should We Go?” by Laurie Mylroie, American Enterprise Institute

“Slavery as a Medieval MuslimChristian-Jewish Interface:The ‘Trial’ (1330) of the Master-Murdering Slave ’Abd Allah of Mallorca, and its Implications” by Larry J. Simon, associate professor of history, Western Michigan University “Transnational Crime in the Era of Globalization” by Louise Shelley, professor, Department of Justice, Law, and Society, and founder and director, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center, American University

“Searching for Shuangqing, China's Peasant Woman Poet” by Paul S. Ropp, professor of history, Clark University “Empowering Gender: Zapatista Men and Women in Global Context” by Sylvia Jalil-Gutierrez, Department of Anthropology, Central Connecticut State University “Democratization of Indonesia” by Annette Clear, assistant professor of politics, University of California, Santa Cruz

“Good People in Evil Times” by Svetlana Broz, granddaughter of communist Yugoslavia’s leader, Marshal Tito A performance by Huun Huur Tu from the Tuvan Republic, known worldwide for its throat singing (xöömei) “Resource Wars: The New Geography of Global Conflict” by Michael T. Klare, director, Five College Program in Peace and World Security Studies, Hampshire College

Forest Hill, Buky Schwartz, artist

NOVEMBER “Chinese in Japan” by Robert Efird, University of Washington

JANUARY “VideoConstructions” by Buky Schwartz, visiting professor, Middlebury College; video artist; sculptor

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“Dealing with Justice in the Aftermath of Genocide: The Case of Rwanda” by Charles Mironko, visiting instructor of Swahili language and culture, Middlebury College; visiting fellow, Watson Institute for International Studies, Brown University “Despotism in Brussels? Misreading the European Union” by Andrew Moravcsik, professor of government and director, European Union Program, Harvard University “Madness East and West: A Russian Psychiatrist Looks at America” by Vladimir Andreevich Dvoretsky, Society of Igumen Taisy, Inc. “The Jewish Contribution to German Theater: Multiculturalism or Assimilation?” by Peter W. Marx, Department of Theatre Studies, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz, Germany

“The Other War: U.S. Progress in Fighting Poverty and Desperation in the Developing World” by Brian Deese ’00, Center for Global Development “Petroglyphs and the Nomadic Traditions of Mongols Past and Present” by Esther Jacobson-Tepfer, Kerns Professor of Asian Art History, University of Oregon MARCH “Spanish around the World: Results from the Last Century of Language Contact” by John Lipski, professor of Spanish and linguistics, Pennsylvania State University “The Politics of Preferential Trading: Implications for the World Economy” by Mireya Solís, assistant professor of politics, Brandeis University

“Burning Questions: Globalization and the Discourse of Indian Feminism” by Rashmi Varma, assistant professor of English, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

FEBRUARY “Preserving Good Minds: Soviet Research on the Brains of Its Dead Heroes” by Monika Spivak, senior research fellow, Andrei Bely Museum, Moscow; research fellow, Moscow University Institute of World Culture

“Ibn `Asakir: Muslim Historian and Advocate of Jihad against Christian Crusaders” by James Lindsay, Department of History, Colorado State University “At War with Diversity: U.S. Language Policy in an Age of Anxiety” by James Crawford, former editor of Education Week, author of Hold Your Tongue: Bilingualism and the Politics of English Only “Population, Consumption, Power, and International Ethics” by Paul R. Ehrlich, Bing Professor of Population Studies and director of the Center for Conservation Biology, Stanford University; author of The Population Bomb

Saadia Pekkanen, Mireya Solis, and Mark Williams

Lecture by Nanako Kurihara, awardwinning documentary filmmaker, on her film Ripples of Change, tracing the contemporary impact of the 1970s women’s movement in Japan

“Geometry and Anguish: Lorca’s New York” by Anthony L. Geist, professor of Spanish and comparative literature, University of Washington

“Iraq, War Propaganda, and Challenges to U.S. Democracy” by Joshua Meyrowitz, professor of communication, University of New Hampshire

“Greed, Ethics, and Public Policy” by Alice M. Rivlin, director, Greater Washington Research Program, The Brookings Institution; former vicechair, U.S. Federal Reserve Board;

“Andrei Sakharov and the KGB” by Alexander Gribanov, archivist, Andrei Sakharov Archives and Human Rights Center, Brandeis University “The Don Quijote Theme in

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“A Sorcerer’s Path” by Paul Stoller, Department of Anthropology, West Chester University of Pennsylvania

APRIL “The Struggle for Old Belief: Religion and Postsocialist Change in the Russian Urals” by Douglas Rogers ’95, Ph.D. in anthropology, University of Michigan

“Pathologies of Power: Health, Human Rights, and the New War on the Poor” by Paul Farmer, professor of medical anthropology, Harvard Medical School; author of Infections and Inequalities “Human Rights after September 11: What Changed and Who Noticed?” by Peter J. Rosenblum, clinical director, Harvard Human Rights Program; lecturer, Harvard Law School

former director, White House Office of Management and Budget; founding director, Congressional Budget Office

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ANNUAL REPORT 2002-2003

Dostoevsky” by Alexander Gribanov, archivist, Andrei Sakharov Archives and Human Rights Center, Brandeis University

“Language Acquisition” by Steven Pinker, Peter de Florez Professor, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; author of The Language Instinct, How the Mind Works, and The Blank Slate

“Civil Society in Japan” by Frank Schwartz, Harvard University

“Human Rights and U.S. Military Assistance to Latin America: Training Protectors or Perpetrators?” by Father Roy Bourgeois, Maryknoll priest; director, School of the Americas Watch

“Who’s Next? Asian Views of the New American Preventive War Policy” by Hendro Sangkoyo, Indonesian Institute of Technology

“Chechnya: Russia’s Forgotten War and Its Human Rights Impact” Amnesty International speaking tour with Eliza Mouseeva and Bela Tsugaeva, Memorial in Narzan, Republic of Ingushetia, Russian Federation

Doug Rogers ’95 and David Napier

Doug Rogers ’95, a newly minted Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of Michigan, returned to his alma mater to speak with students in Professor David Napier’s senior anthropology seminar about graduate opportunities in cultural and international studies. He also gave a public talk on his ongoing research with Old Believers in Russia, titled “Religion and Modernity in Contemporary Russia.”

“The Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Lessons from Comparative Analysis” by Eva Bellin, associate professor of government, Harvard University “Language and Culture Revisited” by Claire Kramsch, professor of German and foreign language acquisition, University of California, Berkeley; author of Language and Culture and Context and Culture in Language Teaching

“Why Japan Isn’t Changing: The Persistent Drag of Relational Politics” by Walter Hatch, assistant professor of government, Colby College

MAY “Election 2000 and the Limits of American Democracy” by Alexander Keyssar, Matthew W. Stirling, Jr. Professor of History and Social Policy, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University “Writing of the South Asian Diaspora” by Mariam Pirbhai, Department of English, University of Montreal “Who Owns the Past? Native American Perspectives on Archaeology and History” by Donna Roberts Moody and John Moody of the Abenaki Nation

“International Human Rights and the Status of Women in Africa” by Betty Mould-Iddrisu, chief state attorney, Ministry of Justice, Accra, Ghana; chairperson, African Women Lawyers Association

Lectures and Events ROHATYN CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

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Executive-in-Residence Program

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EXECUTIVE-IN-RESIDENCE PROGRAM, distinguished leaders visit the Middlebury College campus to share practical knowledge and insights on current international trends and issues. The Executive-in-Residence Program provides a unique and invaluable opportunity for visiting professionals to exchange views on critical international concerns with College faculty and students. Executives-in-residence participate in the stimulating Middlebury College experience by lecturing in college classes, leading policy seminars, and conducting career conversations. Each program is tailored to the strengths and experience of the individual leader.

EXECUTIVE-IN-RESIDENCE 2002–2003

HROUGH THE

RCFIA activities were enhanced by the continued presence of visiting scholars Stanley Sloan, president of Vienna International Consultants, and Madeleine Kunin, former ambassador to Switzerland and former governor of Vermont.

Stanley Sloan

During January 2003, Victor Paul Micati ’62 returned to campus for a rich Executive-in-Residence Program and a taste of “real Vermont winter.” A compelling role model for students interested in health care and international issues,Vic Micati was executive vice president of the Pfizer Pharmaceuticals Group of Pfizer, Inc. before retiring in 1999. Responsible for Pfizer’s European pharmaceutical operations as well as the consumer health care business, he also served as a member of the Corporate Management Committee. Mr. Micati joined Pfizer in 1965 and held a variety of marketing and product development positions throughout his career; he was appointed president of European operations in l990. Mr. Micati holds a B.A. in chemistry from Middlebury College and an M.B.A. in marketing from the Columbia University Graduate School of Business. Executive-in-Residence Vic Micati participated in a range of educational opportunities that included · Public lecture on “The Tensions of Global Health Care” · Career conversation with students on “Doing Business in Europe: An Insider’s Guide” · Lunchtime discussion on health insurance and the pharmaceuticals industry with members of the Health Insurance Review Committee (HIRC), students in the Pre-Medical Society and Operation Smile, and other interested individuals · Guest lectures in “Industrial Strategies and International Trade” taught by Assistant Professor of Economics Thierry Warin, “Law and Medicine: An Introduction to the American Healthcare System” taught by Paul Testa ’92, and “Practical Human Biochemistry” taught by Associate Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry Robert Cluss

Madeleine May Kunin

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ANNUAL REPORT 2002-2003

Mid-February featured a stimulating executive-inresidence visit by Antonia Ax:son Johnson, a fourthgeneration owner and chair of the Axel Johnson Group. An international group of companies consisting of four legally and financially independent business groups, the Axel Johnson Group is composed of Axel Johnson AB, which provides consumer goods and services for the Nordic market (supermarkets, department stores, and food distribution); Axel Johnson International AB, which specializes in the trade and distribution of industrial and consumer goods in the European market; Axel Johnson Inc., which is active primarily in North America and provides products and services in the business areas of energy and environment; and AxFast BV, which specializes in real estate for trade and distribution in Sweden. Concern for the environment is a long-standing tradition in the Axel Johnson family and has become a hallmark of the Axel Johnson Group of companies. Antonia Johnson is cofounder of the World Childhood Foundation and chairs the City Mission of Stockholm. She attended Radcliffe College (1963-64) and completed a degree in economics and psychology at the University of Stockholm in 1971. Her daughter, filmmaker Caroline Mörner Berg, is a member of Middlebury College’s class of 1991.

In a rigorous national competition, RCFIA intern Samia Amin ’03 was selected as one of ten Carnegie junior research fellows. Amin will assume her responsibilities at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace for the 2003–2004 program year.

During her time on campus, Antonia Johnson (pictured here with Jeffrey Cason) participated in a number of executive-in-residence activities, among which were · Career Conversation with students on “International Business: A Woman’s View from the Top” · Guest lecture to students in “International Political Economy” taught by Associate Professor of Political Science Jeffrey Cason, · “International Environmental Politics” taught by Professor of Political Science David Rosenberg, and “Environmental Economics” taught by Assistant Professor of Economics Jonathan Isham, discussion theme: the merits of private versus public ownership; sustainable development in the global economy, and corporate global responsibility · Discussion among Antonia Johnson, Caroline Mörner Berg ’91, students in “Foundations in Women’s and Gender Studies” taught by Professor of Theater and Women’s and Gender Studies Cheryl Faraone, and students in “Leadership: Politics and Personality” taught by Frederick C. Dirks Professor of Political Science Michael Kraus; discussion themes: gender, generational change, and leadership

Brian Deese ’00, former junior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, is presently a researcher at the Center for Global Development in Washington D.C. and special assistant to Gene Sperling, former National Economic Advisor to President Clinton.

Executive-in-Residence Program ROHATYN CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

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Colloquia

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HROUGH THE INTERNATIONAL

STUDIES COLLO-

QUIUM, students, faculty,

staff, and members of the community beyond the College gather over lunch to learn about current international research activities. Our speakers include Middlebury College faculty and alumni as well as other scholars and professionals in the international arena.

INTERNATIONAL STUDIES

COLLOQUIUM SEPTEMBER “Learned Magic in EighteenthCentury England: Astrologers, Alchemists and Freemasons” by Paul Monod, professor of history, Middlebury College “Global Governance by Starbucks, Coke, and MTV: Apocalypse or Opportunity?” by Jessica Korn, founding editor-in-chief, Gallup Management Journal

OCTOBER “Women’s Political Participation in Ireland, North and South” by Yvonne Galligan, director, Centre for Advancement of Women in Politics, Queens University, Belfast “The Argentine Meltdown and Its Impact on Latin America” by Gerald A. McDermott ’88, assistant professor of management,Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania “A Feminist Critique of Work: From Wages for Housework to Basic Income” by Kathi Weeks, associate professor of women’s studies, Duke University NOVEMBER “Recalibrating Andy Warhol’s Place in Art History from Charlatan to Master” by John Hunisak, professor of history of art and architecture, Middlebury College “Culture Matters: The Role of Difference in the Evolution of Conflict and Cooperation” by Allison Stanger, professor of political science, and director of the Rohatyn Center for International Affairs, Middlebury College DECEMBER “Ore Reforms: Greening the International Mining Sector” by Saleem Ali, assistant professor of environmental studies, School of Natural Resources, University of Vermont; research scholar, Watson Institute for International Studies, Brown University

Jessica Korn and Allison Stanger

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ANNUAL REPORT 2002-2003

JANUARY “The Role of Women in Economic and Political Development: Lessons from the Middle East and South West Asia” by Isobel Coleman, senior fellow on U.S. foreign policy, Council on Foreign Relations “What Is a Poet? The Intellectual in Il Postino and Ardiente Paciencia” by Gloria Estela González, assistant professor of Spanish, Middlebury College, and Thomas Van Order, visiting assistant professor of Italian, Middlebury College MARCH “Courting Democracy in Mexico: Party Strategies and Electoral Institutions” by Todd A. Eisenstadt, assistant professor of political science, University of New Hampshire; former awardwinning journalist, Nashville Tennessean APRIL “The Future of Wild Places: Global Challenges to Parks and Protected Areas” by David Mulenex, counselor for environment, science, and technology, U.S. Embassy, Rome, Italy “A Constant Revolution: Reform versus Tradition in Iran” by Hamid Dabashi, Hagop Kevorkian Professor of Iranian Studies and director of graduate studies, Center for Comparative Literature and Society, Columbia University

MAY “Art, Politics, ‘Modernity,’ and National Identity: The Challenge of Pluralism within Twentieth-Century Chinese Painting” by John Berninghausen, Charles A. Dana Professor of Chinese, Middlebury College

NATIONALISM COLLOQUIUM Meeting on a monthly basis, the Nationalism Colloquium provides an interdisciplinary forum for faculty to discuss the complex subject of nationalism. Facilitated by Distinguished Visiting Professor and Scholar-inResidence Walker Connor and faculty co-convenor Michael Kraus, the 2002–2003 Nationalism Colloquium centered on such themes as antisemitism in France, quotas at American universities, Swiss identity, and intellectuals and their homelands. Works discussed included Vichy France and the Jews by Michael R. Marrus and Robert O. Paxton, and Alexander de Conde’s Ethnicity, Race, and American Foreign Policy: A History. A highlight of the 2002-2003 Nationalism Colloquium was the College’s October symposium on “Ethnonationalism in the Contemporary World,” which honored the accomplishments of Walker Connor. The symposium brought students and faculty colleagues from a wide range of institutions together with many of the world’s foremost scholars of nationalism to discuss issues such as primordialism, ethnicity, racism, ethnic conflict, territorialization, sovereignty, and homeland making. The papers appear in the newly released volume Ethnonationalism in the Contemporary World: Walker Connor and the Study of Nationalism (Routledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics), edited by Daniele Conversi.

LANGUAGE, MIND, AND CULTURE COLLOQUIUM During the 2002–2003 academic year, the Foreign Language Division and the Rohatyn Center for International Affairs launched the Language, Mind, and Culture Colloquium. Faculty coconvenors were Associate Professor of Japanese Carole Cavanaugh and Professor of French Carol Rifelj. Several times a semester, interested faculty met to discuss readings related to nonEnglish languages, literatures, and cultures.The group also discussed texts by speakers slated to lecture on campus, including Steven Pinker, Peter de Florez Professor in the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; and Claire Kramsch, Professor of German and Foreign Language Acquisition at University of California, Berkeley. Among the readings discussed were · “What is Cultural Studies?” by Jonathan Culler · “Acquiring Competence in a Second Language: Form and Function” by Catherine Dougherty · “Language Emergence” by Brian MacWhinney · “Boom to Bust: Official English in the 1990s” and “The Political Paradox of Bilingual Education” by James Crawford · Steven Pinker's book, The Language Instinct

Professor of History of Art & Architecture John Hunisak relaxes before his presentation on the place of Andy Warhol in global art history.

“Thinking of language as an instinct rather than a cultural invention inverts the popular wisdom.” —Steven Pinker

Colloquia

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Working Paper Series

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ROHATYN CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS WORKING PAPER SERIES publishes analytical papers on international matters broadly defined. Through publishing works by scholars from a range of institutions, the series aims to invigorate research and intellectual life at the College and beyond. RCFIA working papers reflect a high level of research quality, and all prospective papers are

RCFIA WORKING PAPERS

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Stanley Hoffmann (Harvard University), “The European Union and the New American Foreign Policy” (2001) Jeffrey Carpenter (Middlebury College) and Juan Camilo Cardenas (Javeriana University, Colombia), “Using CrossCultural Experiments to Understand the Dynamics of a Global Commons” (2002) Carolyn Durham (The College of Wooster), “The FrancoAmerican Novel of Literary Globalism: The Case of Diane Johnson” (2002) Russell J. Leng and Adil Husain ’02 (Middlebury College), “South Asian War Games” (2002) Jean-Philippe Mathy (University of Illinois), “The System of Francophobia” (2002) Felix G. Rohatyn (Rohatyn Associates), “Freedom, Fairness, and Wealth” (2002) Erik Bleich (Middlebury College), “The Legacies of History? From Colonization to Integration in Britain and France” (2002)

reviewed double-blind by an outside reader. Each publication in the series is available electronically through the Web site www.middlebury.edu/~rcfia/papers/index.html, or as a handsomely bound volume upon request from RCFIA. Allison Stanger, director of RCFIA and professor of political science, is the executive editor of the series; Robert Pekkanen, Luce Junior Fellow in Asian Studies, is the editor. For further information on the RCFIA working paper series and procedures for submission of potential papers, see www.middlebury.edu/~rcfia/papers/ procedures.html.

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Neil DeVotta (Michigan State University), “Uncivil Groups, Unsocial Capital: Whither Civil Society and Liberal Democracy in Sri Lanka?” (2003) Ethan Scheiner (Stanford University), “The Underlying Roots of Opposition Failure in Japan” (2003) Yvonne Galligan (Queens University, Belfast), “Women in Politics in Ireland, North and South” (2003)

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International Research Travel Grants

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2002–2003, THE ROHATYN CENTER initiated a new program to fund overseas research for Middlebury students working on senior theses or projects. Students from any discipline or program whose proposed projects are international in orientation are eligible to apply. Funding is provided by RCFIA, and the College’s International Committee awards the grants. All recipients are named Undergraduate Research Associates of the Rohatyn Center for International Affairs during their senior year. N ACADEMIC YEAR

FOR INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

New grants for senior work revitalize international research at Middlebury. Shihani DeSilva ’03, student representative to the International Committee in 2002–2003, entered Harvard Law School in the fall of 2003.

Five grants were awarded to fund research abroad during the spring and summer of 2003. This year’s grant winners are · Lila Buckley ’04, who will research birthing practices among the Chinese diaspora of Montreal, as influenced by Canadian governmental policy and rhetoric. · Brian Hoyer ’03.5, who will travel to Tanzania Lila Buckley ’04 (right) to study the distribution of and her roommate, food aid among Congolese Yanfeng, in Harbin, refugees. · Rituraj Mathur ’04, China who received a grant for travel to India to research development under the threat of violence in Assam. · Kristina Rudd ’04, who will travel to Uganda to study the effects of resettlement efforts on access to medicine. · Andrei Takhteyev ’03, whose grant enabled him to travel to Germany to research German immigration policy and the integration of Russian Germans.

Brian Hoyer ’03.5 with refugees in Tanzania. “...reading the development literature is completely different from learning at the local level,” he says.

For further information on the International Research Travel Grants program, see http://www.middlebury.edu/~rcfia/ student_research_grants.html.

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International Theses SENIOR THESIS FORUM

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ROHATYN CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS SENIOR THESIS FORUM provides an opportunity for Middlebury College students to showcase their international research to an audience of faculty, staff, and students. Although seniors’ work must be on an international topic, the students may be majors in any department or program. The result is a rich array of internationally oriented honors theses. All presenters have been nominated by a faculty advisor. We list the original titles for theses written in a language other than English, but all presentations are in English. HE ANNUAL

Samia Amin: “Machiavelli's Prince: Dictatorships in the Modern Era” Ella Catherine Apgar: “The Connection Between International Economic Integration and Increased Repression in China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region” Anna Bautista: “An Insight into Hui Identity through Zhang Chengzhi’s Novella, Yellow Mud Hut” Shihani deSilva: “Creating Peace: Negotiating with Terrorists” Julia Fein: “‘Constructive Engagement’: Land, Justice and Peasant Politics in Ireland and Russia: The Land War of 1879-82 and the Revolution of 1905” Brian Harding: “Memory on Display: World War II through the Lens of American and Japanese Museums” Michael Hatch: “Exploring and Transcending Modern China: The Figurative Works of Tian Liming and Liu Qinghe” Rika Kido: “International Organizations: An Arena for Proactive Japanese Foreign Policy?”

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Elif Kiratli: “Die Rückforderung verlorener Identitäten: Die soziale Integrations der zweiten Generation türkischer Frauen in die heutige deutsche Gesellschaft” (Reclaiming Lost Identities: The Social Integration of Second Generation Turkish Women into Contemporary German Society) Yoshitake Komada: “The Thought of Meiji through Fukuzawa Yukichi and Okakura Tenshin” Kent Newman: “En el nombre de Dios y con el poder de España: La falta de una gran estrategia de Felipe II y las implicaciones religiosas y políticas” (In the Name of God and with the Power of Spain: The Lack of Grand Strategy in the Foreign Policy of Philip II) Ivaylo Petev: “Bulgarian Ethno-Politics: Liberal Democracy Deterred” Stephanie Savell: “Problematizing the Anthropology of the Baka in Southeast Cameroon” Aaron Steen: “Foreign Direct Investment and Regional Inequality in China” Rebecca Sendker: “Le Triptyque turc: Entre la PESC, l'Otan et le Moyen Orient” (The Turkish Triptych: CSFP and NATO) Andrei Takhteyev: “Deutsche unter Deutschen? Die Einwanderungspolitik der BRD und die Eingliederung von Russlanddeutschen” (Germans among/under Germans? The FRG’s Immigration Policy and the Integration of ‘Russia’Germans) Edwin Van Bibber-Orr: “Wan Wei, Meng Haroan, Li Bai, and Du Fu: Four Poets of the High Tang and an Unwritten Rule” Sarah Weston: “Government Response to Epidemics in Latin America: Health Policy Formation in a Changing World” Heidi Wheeler: “A Policy Missing in Action: Race and Race Frames in Italian Political Development” Laura Zarchin: “The Evolution of the Gender Wage Gap in Russia, 1995–2001”

ANNUAL REPORT 2002-2003

International Theses Awards THE SENIOR HONORS THESIS AWARD IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS AND ECONOMICS was established by the Geonomics Institute and is given annually to the best senior honors thesis in international politics and economics. 2003 SENIOR HONORS THESIS AWARD IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS AND ECONOMICS

THE INTERNATIONAL STUDIES AWARD is given annually to the best senior honors thesis in international studies, broadly conceived. Candidates for the prize may come from any major at the College, so long as the thesis work is international in orientation. The thesis may be written in English or in a foreign language. 2003 INTERNATIONAL STUDIES AWARD

Ivaylo Petev: “Bulgarian Ethno-Politics: Liberal Democracy Deterred”

Photos: Opposite page, Michael Hatch, Elif Kiratli, Guren Benligil (Kiratli’s mother), and Guntram Herb, professor of geography; Above (top row), Shihani deSilva, Rika Kido, Sarah Weston, Heidi Wheeler, Samia Amin, Ivaylo Petev, Rebecca Sendker, Elif Kiratli, and Andrei Takhteyev; (bottom row) Michael Hatch, Anna Bautista, Edwin Van Bibber-Orr,Yoshitake Komada, Ella Catherine Apgar, Brian Harding, Laura Zarchin, Julia Fein, Kent Newman, and Aaron Steen.

Michael Hatch: “Exploring and Transcending Modern China: The Figurative Works of Tian Liming and Liu Qinghe” Elif Kiratli: “Die Rückforderung verlorener Identitäten: Die soziale Integrations der zweiten Generation türkischer Frauen in die heutige deutsche Gesellschaft” (Reclaiming Lost Identities: The Social Integration of Second Generation Turkish Women into Contemporary German Society)

International Theses ROHATYN CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

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Student Internships RFCIA INTERN PROGRAM ACADEMIC YEAR 2002–2003 Samia Amin ’03 Vinay Jawahar ’03 Martin Rajcan ’06 In July 2003,Vinay Jawahar ’03 assumed his responsibilities as Program Assistant, Democracy and Andean Region Projects, for the Inter-American Dialogue in Washington, DC.

program. The Humana Foundation is a source of international internships for students—selected through a competitive process—who are interested in medical or public health issues. The foundation offers two funded experiences in Romania each summer. In addition, the Ronald H. Brown Class of 1962 Endowment and the Felton Family Fund provide funding for unpaid international and domestic internships for students, who are selected through a competitive process. Sponsored by the Clarence and Anne Dillon Dunwalke Trust, the College offers credit-bearing internships for Middlebury students at the C.V. Starr-Middlebury Schools Abroad. In addition, noncredit-bearing internships are offered for Middlebury and non-Middlebury students through our programs abroad.

OVERSEAS INTERNSHIPS 2002–2003

David Haglund, Martin Rajcan and Courtney Hillebrecht

SUMMER 2003 David Haglund ’06 Courtney Hillebrecht ’04 Martin Rajcan ’06

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verseas internships provide a unique opportunity for students to deepen immersion and enhance their cultural and language learning. While abroad, Middlebury students pursue credit- and noncreditbearing internships in fields as diverse as diplomacy, international finance, law, environmental policy, economic development, journalism, cinema, and fashion. Middlebury College students may locate and engage in internships over winter term or during the summer before or after a study abroad

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ARGENTINA Michelle Blank: Poder Ciudadano Damien Chaviano: Estudio Bertolo y Capozzi Hannah Huegel: Oficina del Plan Estratégico, Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires Helene Songe: Centro de Gestión y Participación Vecina

FRANCE Alysson Bloomer: Charles Mouraud nursery school Lauren Bowe: Ecole Primaire de la rue de l'Ourc Javier Fernandez Riveiro: Assemblée Nationale Meredith Giersch: Enfance et Partage Julia Herwood: Callegari Grey Advertising Caroline Jacobson: Lycée Paul Claudel Elizabeth James: Lucas de Nohu Brendan Johnson: Charles Mouraud elementary school Colin Lewis-Beck: Ecole Primaire de la rue Bignon John McKinley: Charles Mouraud elementary school Joseph Manganiello: College Giacometti Daniel Russell: Pote à Pote Christopher Shields: Assemblée Nationale Sardar Shokateyev: Multi Thématiques

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Julie Stevens: Cinéaste Milen Todorov: Confrontations Wallis Wagenseil: Fairchild Publications Alexandra Watson: Lycée Rose Bertin RUSSIA Ladislav Beranek: National Public Radio, Moscow Bureau Julia Myers:Yaroslavl International Investment Center Elaine Robbins: Russian Orphan Opportunity Fund David Hunter Smith: Gazeta.ru GERMANY Robin Dean: Art Gallery Swetha Sridharan: Berlin House of Representatives

SPAIN Donald Anselmi: Colegio Público Aldebarán Amy Dorrien: Colegio Senara Sarah Griggs: Plataforma de Organizaciones para la Infancia Patrick Kane: Federación de Empresarios de La Rioja Kristen Kincaid: Richmond Publishing Carolyn Kormann: Sotheby’s Laura Martin: Solidarios Ekaterina Nikolova: Economistas Sin Fronteras Joseph Palombo: Comisiones Obreras Francine Segovia: Solidarios Alexander Westra: Analistas Financieros Internationales and Cooperación Internacional

ITALY Jennifer Carson:Vista Magazine Jennifer Henzi: Annulliamo la Distanza Aubrey McGovern:Vista Magazine Christopher Richards: Clinica Veterinaria Campo di Marte Morgan Wilson: Frattelli Alinari

URUGUAY Kathryn Biggam: Centro Latinoamericano de Economía Humana Hubert Janicki: Idem Jesse Rutschman: Casa de la Mujer Kristen Sutcliffe: Alianza Uruguayo-Norteamericana Amy Wegner: Casa de la Mujer

2002–2003 LUCE FUND FOR ASIAN STUDIES STUDENT RESEARCH ASSISTANTS Ashley Calkins ’06 Grace Hardy ’03 Rika Kido ’03 Nicole StaMaria ’06

Student Internships ROHATYN CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

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Selected Faculty Publications 2002-2003 Eve Adler. Vergil’s Empire: Political Thought in the Aeneid. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. Cries in the New Wilderness: From the Files of the Moscow Institute of Atheism, by Mikhail N. Epstein. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Paul Dry Books. Translation and introduction by Adler. Julia Alvarez. Before We Were Free. New York, New York: A. Knopf. Erik Bleich. Race Politics in Britain and France: Ideas and Policymaking since the 1960s. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Robert Buckeye. The Munch Case. East Middlebury,Vermont: Amandla Publishing. Jeffrey W. Cason. Development and Democracy: New Perspectives on an Old Debate. Hanover, New Hampshire: University Press of New England. Coeditor with Sunder Ramaswamy. Jonathan T. Isham. Social Capital and Economic Development: Well-Being in Developing Countries. Northampton, Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishers. Coeditor with Thomas Kelley and Sunder Ramaswamy.

Marjorie Lamberti. The Politics of Education: Teachers and School Reform in Weimer Germany. New York, New York: Berghahn Books. Ana MartinezLage. Tú dirás! Boston, Massachusetts: Thompson Heinic. 3rd edition. Coeditor.

Charles A. Dana Professor of Chinese John Berninghausen

Elizabeth Napier. F.T. Marinetti: Selected Poems and Related Prose. New Haven, Connecticut:Yale University Press. Translator. Victor Nuovo. John Locke:Writings on Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Editor. Saadia Pekkanen. Picking Winners? From Technology Catch-up to the Space Race in Japan. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. Sunder Ramaswamy. Development and Democracy: New Perspectives on an Old Debate. Hanover, New Hampshire: University Press of New England. Coeditor with Jeffrey W. Cason. Social Capital and Economic Development: Well-Being in Developing Countries. Northampton, Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishers. Coeditor with Thomas Kelly and Jonathan Isham. Stanley R. Sloan. NATO, the European Union, and the Atlantic Community. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Director of International Studies Jeffrey Cason

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Simon Isaacs ’03.5 shares donated books with students in a township near Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

“THROUGH THE SUPPORT OF THE ROHATYN CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS, I had the opportunity to join the Global Health Council’s delegation to the 2002 UN World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa.The Summit brought together tens of thousands of participants including heads of state and government, representations from NGOs, businesses and civil society to negotiate Agenda 21, the global action plan for sustainable development agreed upon ten years earlier at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. “I spent the weeks prior to the summit working with an AIDS and education organization in the townships surrounding Port Elizabeth, South Africa. I arrived in Johannesburg haunted by the faces and voices I had seen in Port Elizabeth.The images I carried with me on to the airplane, albeit painful, were a blessing.They gave me a sense of purpose. Like so many other delegates, I had originally planned on simply being a member of the audience, content to watch the intergovernmental negotiations unfold. However, returning from the townships, such a mission seemed not only unfulfilling, but also unjust. It was now my duty to reiterate the tales of suffering in the townships. My privilege of attending the summit demanded an obligation to make an impact. “While at the summit, I served as the ‘health expert’ and spokesperson for the Youth Caucus. I held interviews and met with presidents, secretaries of state, and other world leaders.Working with various ministers of health, I suggested text for the final ‘political declaration,’ a nonbinding declaration accompanying the plan for action.The summit was clearly an invaluable personal experience. “However, despite my efforts (not to mention those of thousands of delegates) what was actually achieved in Johannesburg? The summit’s critics argue that the negotiated agreement, watered-down by American and European negotiators, will have little effect over issues such as consumption, health, the environment, and poverty. Yet, even if such allegations can be substantiated, by no means was the summit fruitless in its mission.The thousands of partnerships, business deals, and bilateral agreements between constituents are where progress towards a sustainable future was forged.Are these initiatives adequate? Certainly not, but it is a significant step towards creating a new ethic for global conservation and stewardship.” —Simon Isaacs ’03.5

Middlebury College

Rohatyn Cente r for Inte rnational Affair s Robert A. Jones ’59 House Middlebury College Middlebury,VT 05753 U.S.A.

Robert A. Jones ’59 and Felix G. Rohatyn ’49

Nonprofit Organization U.S. Postage PA I D Middlebury College


RCFIA Annual Report 2002-2003