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Adjective Clauses Relative Pronouns

Pronoun

who

Refers to

Example

a subject noun a person The woman

who(m)

who called you is here.

an object noun a person The woman whom you met is here.

that

a subject or object noun a person or thing The telephone that is red is here.

which

a subject or object noun a thing The telephone which is yours is here.

Wrong*

* The telephone is here which is yours. Wrong because the pronoun must be next to the word it modifies.

Only an object pronoun can be omitted.

Pronoun

Refers to

Object Pronoun May be Omitted

who(m)

an object noun

The woman [whom] you met is here.

that

an object noun

The telephone [that] you bought is here.

which

an object noun

The telephone [which] you bought is here.


Pronomes Relativos