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Stress and Health Stress and Health 21: 77–86 (2005) Published online 3 March 2005 in Wiley InterScience ( DOI: 10.1002/smi.1042 Exploring the relationship of emotional intelligence with physical and psychological health functioning Ioannis Tsaousis1,*,† and Ioannis Nikolaou2 1 Department of Sciences in Preschool Education and Educational Design, University of the Aegean, Greece 2 Department of Management Science and Technology, Athens University of Economics and Business, Athens, Greece Summary This study investigates the relationship of emotional intelligence (EI) characteristics, such as perception, control, use and understanding of emotions, with physical and psychological health. In the first study, 365 individuals filled in measures of EI and general health. It was hypothesized that EI would be negatively associated with poor general health. In the second study, 212 working adults completed the same measure of EI and another measure, which apart from the standard information regarding physical and psychological health, provided also information about other health related behaviours, such as smoking, drinking, and exercising. It was also hypothesized that EI would negatively correlate with smoking and drinking and positively correlate with exercising. The findings confirmed both hypotheses and provided further support on the claims that there is a relationship between EI and health functioning. Additionally, in a series of hierarchical regression analyses the unique contribution of each of the EI scales on the overall health score were investigated. The findings are discussed in the context of the importance of emotional competences on health and personal lifestyle, while implications for practice and directions for future research are proposed. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Key Words emotional intelligence; physical health; psychological health; smoking; drinking; exercise Introduction In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in the theoretical development of the * Correspondence to: Ioannis Tsaousis, Tsakalof 10, Rd., Maroussi—Athens, 151 26—Greece. † E-mail: Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. concept of emotional intelligence (EI) in an attempt to identify whether or not this newly introduced concept accounts for variance not already accounted for by intelligence and/or personality in various areas of human transactions. Although the construct of EI is not a new concept (see Gardner, 1983; Thorndike, 1920) it was Goleman’s (1995) influential book Emotional Intelligence, which made the concept widely popular. Received 5 April 2004 Revised 9 December 2004 Accepted 15 December 2004

Emotional Intelligence and Physical and Psychological Health

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