Modern Plastics & Polymers - October 2010
‘MODERN PLASTICS & POLYMERS’, the numero uno monthly B2B magazine for the plastics & polymers industry, offers the latest trends, in-depth views & analysis, and technical information on the world of plastics materials, machinery and products. Suffi ce to say, the key decision makers among plastics processors, mould makers and user industries regularly refer to it for their business information needs.
Also available in Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Taiwan, China & Hong Kong EDITORIAL The `K' catalyst T he timing seems to be just right! With K 2010 - the biggest show on earth for the plastics & rubber fraternity � returning this month after three years, it is heartening to see brisk economic recovery in the global mega trends, especially that of the emerging markets. Beyond the slowdown, it is more reassuring to observe that the pace of business revival has been quite faster than the rate at which it slumped last year. As the market dynamics evolve, innovative products along with state-of-theart manufacturing processes will harbinger added change. The focus will be on leveraging highly flexible and customised manufacturing processes to substantially raise productivity levels coupled with better product quality and less downtime. However, at the moment, ensuring product availability and maintaining delivery timelines with necessary service support seem to be the main focus of the industry. The question is � how does an organisation make that differentiation and get an edge over the competition? Well, going by the changing user perspective, the answer lies in delivering complete solutions rather than merely supplying some products. Besides, with eco-awareness on the rise, it is imperative for the industry to continuously Editor Manas R Bastia Senior Correspondent Shivani Mody (Bengaluru) Features Writer KTP Radhika Jinoy (Delhi), Annabel Dsouza Correspondent Geetha Jayaraman (Delhi) Copy Desk Marcilin Madathil Products Desk A Mohankumar Group Photo Editor & Creative Head Shiresh R Karrale Design Sharad Bharekar Production Pravin Koyande, Dnyaneshwar Goythale,Vikas Bobhate, Ravikumar Potdar, Ravi Salian, Sanjay Shelar, Lovey Fernandes, Pukha Dhawan, Varsha Nawathe, Abhay Borkar, Akshata Rane Marketing & Branding Jagruti Shah, Ganesh Mahale CEO-Publishing Sandeep Khosla Associate Vice President Sudhanva Jategaonkar Printed by Mohan Gajria and published by Lakshmi Narasimhan on behalf of Infomedia 18 Limited and printed at Infomedia 18 Ltd, Plot no.3, Sector 7, off Sion-Panvel Road, Nerul, Navi Mumbai 400 706, and published at Infomedia 18 Ltd, `A' Wing, Ruby House, J.K.Sawant Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai - 400 028. Modern Plastics & Polymers is registered with the Registrar of Newspapers of India under No. trim down the carbon footprint on the part of both producers and end-users. Technology upgradation is another area that calls for immediate attention as well. In a holistic view, it is essential to practise continuous improvement in all aspects of business. While the sudden slump of last year has thrown several unique challenges, it has also brought in many new prospects. As `constantly changing customer needs' is the only `constant factor' in the manufacturing arena, the role of visionary organisations that pursue innovation (in products & processes) and smart talent management may provide that additional winning edge. This Special Edition reflects all these and more! Turn to the exclusive `Leaders Speak' section in `K Special' to discern what some of the captains of the global plastics industry have to say. Believe, you will gain from exploring this eclectic mix of latest news, views and analysis as much as we enjoyed putting it together! At this `K', our coordinates are Hall: EN1 / Booth: 03. Hope to see you there! Editorial Advisory Board A E Ladhabhoy Plastics Technologist Dr Sushil K Verma Former Director General, CIPET Dr Swapan K Dhara Regional Technical Head, Basell Polyolefins India Pvt Ltd Mohan K Jain MD, Indoplast & past president, AIPMA P P Kharas Chairman, Ecoplast Raman M Patel Chairman, Industrial Products Mfg Co Vijay Merchant President, Polycraft Manas R Bastia Editor email@example.com Subscription Sunder Thiyagarajan, General Manager-Copy Sales, Sheetal Kotawadekar, Senior Manager Tel: 91-22-3003 4631 / 4633, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Editorial & Business Office Infomedia 18 Ltd, Special Interest Publications Division, `A' Wing, Ruby House, J. K. 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Editor: Manas R Bastia October 2010 | Modern Plastics & Polymers 23 CONTENTS 47 Design Innovations 42 Product designs and innovations 'K' 2010 Special Curtain Raiser 48 54 61 K 2010: A `K'aleidoscope of opportunities In the News Leaders Speak Arvind Mehta, CMD, Welset Plast Extrusions Pvt Ltd and Immediate Past President, Plastindia Foundation Bipin Shah, Vice President, Plastindia Foundation C N Doshi, Chairman, Rajoo Engineers Ltd Frank Peters, Member of the Management Board, KraussMaffei Technologies GmbH Gerardo Chiaia, President, Asia-Pacific, Europe, Middle East and Africa, Husky Kurt L Freye, Director of Sales Worldwide, Reifenh�user Kiefel Extrusion GmbH Rajesh Nath, Managing Director, German Engineering Federation (VDMA) India R K Shethi, Managing Director, Maharashtra Maha Polyplast Pvt Ltd Satish Padmanabhan, Chief Executive Officer, STEER Engineering Pvt Ltd Subba Bangera, Managing Director, Sidel India Vijay Merchant, President, Polycraft and Member of Governing Council, ICPE 100 86 K 2010 Showcase 102 Facility Visit 100 Neoplast Engineering Pvt Ltd: Pursuing the `neo' way Sector Watch 102 Injection moulding: Shaping a new world Market Trends 109 Ancillary equipment: Riding the automation wave Know-How 116 Design automation in mould design: Gaining an engineering edge Manoj Mehta, Country Manager - India and SAARC Operations, Dassault Syst�mes SolidWorks Corp 109 Performance Metrics 120 Transmission laser welding of thermoplastics: Securing the joints Courtesy: BASF SE Management Mantras 126 ERP in SMEs: Mapping the route to excellence Satish Radhakrishnan, Consultant, Savoir Faire Management Services Pvt Ltd Advertorial 130 Projecting `A promising Pune' Details on page no. 107-108, 141-142 REGUL AR SECTIONS Editorial......................... 23 National News............... 26 Asia News ..................... 32 World News................... 38 Events Calendar........... 132 Book Shelf .................... 136 Product Update............. 138 Product Inquiry............. 149 Advertisement Inquiry........ 151 Product Index............... 154 Advertisers' List ............ 162 Cover photo courtesy : Messe D�sseldorf GmbH Highlights of Next Issue Sector Watch : Polymer Processing Market Trends : Dies & Moulds Industry Update : IT & Automation for Plastics Industry Note: ` stands for Indian rupee, $ stands for US dollar and � stands for UK pound, unless mentioned otherwise 24 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 NATIONAL NEWS EXPORTS RECYCLING Europe's plastic recycling industry is too dependent on China and it aims at opening up scrap exports to places like India, the Middle East and Africa, according to their trade groups. "China and Hong Kong together comprise 90 per cent of Europe's 3.3 million metric tonne of scrap plastics exports in 2009, leading to a dependency that is a serious problem for Europe," said Surendra Borad, Chairman, plastics committee of the Brusselsbased industry trade group, the Bureau of International Recycling. BIR will open markets in India. It believes that India could easily import up to one million metric tonne of plastic for recycling every year, five times the current levels. According to Borad, the Indian Government considers plastic scrap a waste, rather than a potential resource, so it limits imports. Besides PET, about 30 companies can import plastic waste for recycling. BIR is in touch with the Environment Ministry in India to ensure that there are no new restrictions. ACHIEVEMENT India to be a new market for European recyclers Indian plastics exports to rise by 10 per cent in 2010-11 India's plastics exports are likely to grow by 10 per cent in the current fiscal from an estimated $ 3.2 billion in 2009-10 on account of demand revival in the Western markets. The exports were impacted during the last fiscal due to demand slowdown in the US and the EU, which together account for over 30 per cent of the outward plastic shipments. Manoj Agarwal, Chairman, Plastics Export Promotion Council, said, "Exports are showing signs of recovery in the Western markets. We expect that exports would grow by about 10 per cent in 2010-11." While the exports in the current year are likely to grow over 2008-09, the expansion would be less than what it was in the JOINT VENTURE pre-economic crisis years. Earlier, exports were growing between 15 and 20 per cent, he added. The Council said that if the government provides marketlinked incentives for the US and the EU to plastics exporters, it would significantly enhance overseas shipments. Plastics exporters get such incentives in several African and Asian countries. When the proposed plants of oil companies like ONGC and GAIL would become functional, the availability of raw material for the plastics sector would increase, which in turn would help the industry. First anniversary of LANXESS India celebrated in Nagda On the completion of one year of operations, after the acquisition of the chemical and wind-power businesses of a leading Indian chemicals company, LANXESS in Nagda, Madhya Pradesh, celebrated its first anniversary on September 1, 2010. To commemorate the occasion, Joerg Strassburger, Managing Director and Country Representative, LANXESS India and Neelanjan Banerjee, Director, LANXESS India addressed all Neelanjan Banerjee, Director, LANXESS India employees. For LANXESS, the plant in Nagda is integral to the company's growth strategy in India. Additionally, the 20hectare site has commendable infrastructure and offers room for capacity expansion in line with the growth in customer demand. During last year, the plant has earned several laurels for LANXESS. One example is the recognition from Indian Chemical Council which bestowed the Water Resource Management Award on the company for the innovative use of biological sewage treatment and subsequent post-treatment by reverse osmosis (RO) technology to recycle domestic sewage water and harness it for industrial use. Strassburger congratulated the team in Nagda for having run operations successfully. Banerjee added, "I am also proud of the team and I am hopeful that we will together reach an even higher level of performance in the times to come." Yapp sets up JV fuel tank plant in India China's Yapp Automotive Parts and its Indian partner, Zoom Developers have set up a joint venture YAPP Automotive Parts and Zoom Developers enter JV blow-moulding plant at a Ford Motor supplier park in Chennai. The $ 12.8 million plant will have a capacity of about 250,000 tanks a year, of between 30 and 100 litre. This is a significant expansion into India's growing market for Yapp, China's largest maker of plastic fuel tanks. Yapp, based in Yangzhou, Jiangsu province, owns 51 per cent of the venture with Zoom taking 49 per cent. Mumbai-based Zoom is a diverse conglomerate with interests in engineering, infrastructure and IT. According to Zoom's website, its plastic fuel tank production uses JSW co-extrusion sequential blowmoulding machines. It acquired both mono-layer and multi-layer HDPE fuel tank production equipment from Nissan Motors. Yapp claims 50 per cent of the market for plastic fuel tanks in China and supplies to both domestic companies and the Chinese factories of global automakers like Ford, General Motors, Volkswagen AG, Audi AG, Hyundai Motors, etc. 26 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 NATIONAL NEWS SUPPORT SME plastics exporters call for government aid for growth Indian plastic exporters are seeking government support, as the sector, which largely comprises small and medium enterprises, has been facing many challenges. Manoj Agarwal, Chairman, Plastics Export Promotion Council, said, "The plastics industry is passing through a difficult phase. The Eurozone crisis and volatility of the Rupee are posing problems, while infrastructure and AWARD lengthy documentations at lower levels are longterm challenges." The Indian plastics industry is fragmented with around 25,000 firms employing over 3.5 million people. Over 85 per cent of the industry comprises SMEs, with the SSI sector dominating at over 75 per cent. The industry has over 2,200 exporters. While the government has provided additional options for forex risk management in terms of over-thecounter hedging tools, the exporters in the SME sector that dominate the plastics industry are not geared for forex hedging. Major trading partners of the Indian plastics sector, like the EU and the US, have shown negative growth in the recent months. INFRASTRUCTURE India gets `green' roads through recycled plastic KK Plastic Waste Management collects thousand of tonnes of waste plastic from garbage bins across India's IT hub through a network of municipal workers, rag pickers and its own employees. The plastic is then shredded and mixed with asphalt to form a compound called polymerised bitumen. When used in paving, it withstands monsoons, daily wear & tear to reduce pot holes better than traditional methods. Professor C E G Justo, highways and roads expert, said, "The process of mixing plastic waste in road construction enhanced the performance of the road. It (waste plastic) gets into some of the voids of the bituminous mix and makes it more resistant to deterioration under wet weather conditions." Ahmed Khan, the MD of the firm, said, "Every day 10,000 tonne of waste plastic is generated and it all goes into landfills, where it does not bio-degrade." The company has contributed towards laying about 1,400 km (870 miles) of roads with its product. three-layer pipe plant, which is used for hot- and cold-water transportation. The enterprise, established in 1989, has installed more than 1,100 plastics extrusion lines globally till date. It manufactures machines for PVC pipes, wires & cables, plastic coating, blown film, etc. Its investment in plant and machinery increased from ` 56.86 lakh in 2006-07 to ` 89.61 lakh in 2008-09. The company exports to Nigeria, Bahrain, Uganda, Kenya and Republic of Yemen. Sai Machine Tools bags first prize for quality products in plastics processing machinery Indore-based Sai Machine Tools has been awarded the first prize for quality products in micro & small enterprises in the plastics processing machinery category by the Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises. Ashok Jaiswal, Managing Director, received the National Award from President Pratibha Ashok Jaiswal Devisingh Patil, in a ceremony recently held at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi. Sai Machine Tools aims at continuous improvement in developing quality products and has developed attractiveness of Orissa as an investment destination for French companies in the PCPIR at Paradeep, Orissa, which is under the process of approval by Government of India. He mentioned that within the proposed PCPIR of Orissa, there could be SEZs, plastic parks and growth centres, which would provide investment opportunities in the entire value chain of petrochemicals. During the visit, the Central Institute of Plastics Engineering & Technology (CIPET) of India French investments sought in petrochemicals PCPIR The Minister of State for Chemicals and Fertilisers, Srikant Kumar Jena, recently addressed a large number of industry associations and consultancy groups at the Investor Meet in Paris to promote the policy resolution for promotion of petroleum, chemicals and petrochemical investment regions (PCPIR) policy of the Government of India. He emphasised on the 28 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 Srikant Jena signed an MoU with the European Higher Institute for Enterprise & Techniques at a formal ceremony in France in the presence of Jena. NATIONAL NEWS REVIVAL Indian Oil to revive stalled petrochem, LNG projects Indian Oil has recently revealed its plans to use the proceeds of its followon public offering to revive shelved petrochemical and liquefied natural gas projects. India's largest listed petrochem company by sales had to put some projects on hold because its cash flow was restricted after it sold auto and cooking fuels at state-set discounted SUSTAINABILITY prices. It is now planning a follow-on public offering by January, through which it will sell fresh shares equivalent to 10 per cent of its equity to raise about ` 100 billion ($ 2.15 billion). Brij Mohan Bansal, Chairman, Indian Oil, said that the share sale proceeds will help the company to revive petrochemical projects in Orissa and Gujarat, as well as a 2.5 million tonne LNG terminal and an associated 1,000 MW power plant in Ennore, Tamil Nadu. The petrochemical project in Orissa is likely to cost ` 150 billion, while the one in Tamil Nadu will cost about ` 80 billion. These plans follow the government's decision to lift state control on gasoline prices and eventually deregulate diesel prices. The federal government owns 78.92 per cent of Indian Oil. It plans to sell 10 per cent of this stake through the follow-on offer to raise funds for infrastructure and social welfare. NEW LOGO Kabra in a new avatar Kabra, a Kolsite group company has been in the business of manufacturing extrusion machinery and equipment for the past four decades. A strong foundation of ethics and infallible Bioplastic unit commissioned in Ahmedabad Greendiamz Biotech, manufacturer of environmentally safe plastic products, has set up its first unit to manufacture sheets and bags dedicated to only bioplastic. The product, called Truegreen, will serve as an alternative to plastic for consumer and industrial products. Truegreen film is made from Biolice raw material, INNOVATIVE CAMPAIGN which is a biodegradable polymer. Biolice is certified as `Kompostierbar', which is in accordance with European Standard EN 13432. This guarantees the product's complete decomposition by soil bacteria within 180 days to produce good quality humus, suitable for use in gardening or agriculture. Greendiamz Biotech has tied up with French firm Limagrain for sourcing Biolice. The Ahmedabad facility is spread across an area of 7,200 square yard. The unit has a capacity to produce 4,000-5,000 tonne of bioplastic film, sheets and other products. It has been set up at an investment of ` 40 crore. The company intends to provide biodegradable packaging solutions to the sports brand, Reebok. quality has rewarded it with success and has helped it position itself as a trusted partner for various industries in India and abroad alike. Kabra has recently launched its new logo, communicating to the world that its values are deeply imbibed in the roots of the company. With partnerships like Battenfeld Cincinnati and American Maplan Corporation, Kabra has enriched the Indian industry with German and American technology respectively. Its `dedication to technology' is evident with its constant innovations and technological collaborations. Kabra has had a tradition of customer service since its inception. Business continuity of its customers at all costs has always been a top priority at Kabra. Such is its `devotion to service'. These values have helped it to serve the industry with top quality extrusion machines and rise in ranks to the global stage. Grundfos flags off `Incredible Indian Pump Yatra' in Ahmedabad Grundfos India, a subsidiary of Grundfos, Denmark, has recently flagged off an innovative initiative, `Incredible Indian Pump Yatra', in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. A fully equipped business lounge on wheels, the vehicle has a series of interactive displays of a wide range of industrial pumps, and will introduce breakthrough technologies, as it travels to various cities in the country. The vehicle, with a floor space of 800 sq ft, will enable the visitors to gain hands-on experience on Grundfos products and solutions. The new range of pumps introduced by the global major has design features that not only conserve energy but also save space. Ranganath N K, Managing Director, Grundfos Pumps India Pvt Ltd, said, "Our intensive research in the market revealed that in many engineering industries, there exists a great potential for energy savings, even in the small and medium range pumps. Grundfos has energy-efficient pumps to address this gap." 30 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 ASIA NEWS NEW FACILITY MTR technology used in a new plant for OCTAL OCTAL Petrochemicals recently signed a contract with Uhde Inventa-Fischer to build a 550,000 tonne per year plant for the production of PET resin. The contract for delivery of two lines, unique to OCTAL, will use the state-ofthe-art melt-to-resin (MTR) technology DEMAND DROP proprietary to Uhde Inventa-Fischer. The expansion to OCTAL's existing capacity will be built at OCTAL's existing PET complex in Salalah, Oman. This new plant will transform OCTAL into the largest packaging-grade PET manufacturer on one site. The first plant produces PET sheets and bottlegrade chips, which also use Uhde Inventa-Fischer's MTR technology. MTR technology has considerable advantages in terms of quality, investment costs, raw material usage and utilities consumption, resulting in a significantly lower carbon footprint of the production. In addition, it offers other benefits in terms of cost savings, enhanced productivity and efficiency, which will provide a competitive edge to the company. and has remained at this level at the start of the week. The spread was valued at plus $ 2.50 per tonne in backwardation earlier this month. Backwardation refers to a market where spot prices are higher than future prices, representing strong demand for prompt cargoes. Contango refers to a market where spot prices are lower than future prices, signifying weak demand for prompt cargoes. H2-October naphtha crack spread against October ICE Brent crude futures weakened to $ 101.20 per tonne from $ 117.08 per tonne in early September. While the arbitrage window to ship European naphtha to Asia remained shut, the old cargoes of 100,000-150,000 tonne of Mediterranean naphtha, due to land in Asia in October, is faced with problems in securing buyers. maintained prominence due to certain restrictive environments or performance requirements. This could be where high temperatures are encountered or where chemical resistance is of importance or weight is a consideration or even where f u n c t i o n a l stability has to be maintained. Singapore has NOVEL TECHNOLOGY Coal-to-olefins company in China sets up UNIPOL polypropylene plant The use of UNIPOL polypropylene (PP) technology from Dow Basic Plastics Licensing and Catalysts, a business group of Dow Chemical Company (Dow), continues to grow at a rapid pace in China. China Shenhua Coal to Liquid and Baotou Coal Chemical Company is the latest company to start up a plant using this technology and is the first in China to manufacture PP made from coal-generated olefins. According to the company, its gassification technology converts coal Decline in Asian naphtha prices amid surplus stock and dwindling demand The demand for Asian naphtha has dwindled, as Asia's top spot naphtha buyer, Formosa Petrochemical Corp, did not issue a tender to seek the petrochemical feedstock ahead of a major cracker shutdown. As per ICIS, the spread between H2-October and H2-November contracts flipped to a contango of minus 50 cent/bbl, into a synthesis gas (or syngas); syngas is used to produce methanol, which is transformed into olefins � a building block for producing polypropylene. UNIPOL PP process technology is an all gas-phase process for producing the broadest range of polypropylene resins. Its simple design is consistent in product quality and energy efficiency, requiring no equipment for handling, separating or recycling solvents. The fluidised-bed reactors and high performance systems give manufacturers the flexibility to produce homopolymers, random co-polymers and impact co-polymers. been chosen as the venue since the polymer manufacturing and compounding industries, as well as the plastics processing and fabrication industries, are well advanced. This conference, therefore, would be of significant interest and provide a suitable forum of discussion, for global manufacturing companies, resin manufacturers, compounders, designers, process engineers, R&D specialists, plastics fabricators & material suppliers. EVENT High performance thermoplastics conference in Singapore Following the successful conferences on high performance thermoplastics held in Singapore in 2006 and India in 2007, Chatsworth Hall has announced the latest conference to be held in Singapore in 2011. Engineering plastics are finding new applications in areas where traditional materials have always 32 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 ASIA NEWS APPROVALS Environmental clearance granted to Sinopec-Kuwait refinery in China China has g r a n t e d environmental clearance and approved technical review of a $ 8.7 billion refinery and petrochemical joint venture between Sinopec and Kuwait. The venture, to be built in southern coastal city Zhanjiang, includes a 3,00,000 bpd refinery and a 1 million tps ethylene complex. The project awaits final state approval. The venture will be equally owned by Sinopec Group. Kuwait could scout for a second or third foreign partner for joint funding upon final approval. This venture will mark the foray of Kuwait into direct marketing and retail access in China. China, the world's fastest expanding major fuel market, has long been dominated by oil duopoly Sinopec and PetroChina. For China, which now imports over half of its crude requirements, a commitment to receive long-term oil supplies from an exporter such as Kuwait is essential. Kuwait, the world's seventh-largest crude exporter, aims eventually to export 500,000 bpd of crude to China, or double its target for this year. 300,000 tpa high density PE (HDPE) line, a 600,000 tpa linear low density PE (LLDPE) facility, a 700,000 tpa polypropylene (PP) plant and a 600,000 tpa monoethylene glycol (MEG) plant. Under the Phase II expansion project, Petro Rabigh would produce 2.5 million tpa of ethylene and propylene-based derivatives, including ethylene, polyethylene (PE), propylene, polypropylene (PP), propylene oxide and mono ethylene glycol. Petro Rabigh will de-bottleneck its ethane cracker at its existing refinery facility to produce an additional 300,000 tpa of ethylene. Among the new units planned are a 2,500-3,000 tpa naphtha reformer, which could produce 200-400 tpa of benzene and 800-850 tpa of paraxylene (PX), and a 90-120 tpa low density polyethylene (LDPE) line. The company would also produce more than 18 million tpa of petroleum-based products. MEG DEMAND South Korea's auto industry driving MEG demand in Asia Strong growth in sales figures in South Korea's automobile industry is driving demand for mono ethylene glycol (MEG). In August, South Korea's number one and the world's fifth-largest automaker Hyundai Motors reported a 17 per cent jump in EXPANSION PLANS Petro Rabigh to focus on fastgrowing markets of China, India R a b i g h Refining and Pe t r o c h e m i c a l Co (Petro Rabigh) plans to focus on the fast-growing markets of China and India as it undergoes expansion of its complex. As per ICIS, the expansion plans are part of a $ 10 billion development plan, as reported in Dimensions International. Saudi Aramco and Sumitomo Chemical awarded a feasibility study contract for the Phase II project to Japanese engineering and construction company JGC Corp last year, which is due to be completed in October this year. The Petro Rabigh complex currently houses a 1.3 million tpa ethane cracker, a PETROCHEMICALS sales, affiliate Kia Motors witnessed a 55 per cent jump in sales. Both these automakers would introduce newer models this year. Even SSangyong Motors, which is in bankruptcy protection and has signed a preliminary acquisition agreement with India's Mahindra and Mahindra, saw its sales more than triple last month from a year ago. MEG is used in the production of anti-freeze technology fluid used in automobile radiators. Outage fails to disrupt styrene monomer shipment from Pars Petrochemical to China Pars Petrochemicals will ship upto 30,000 tonne of styrene monomer (SM) to China, despite the Assaluyeh plant being shut for over a week. Supply gap will be provided by the sufficient stockpile produced prior to the shutdown of its 600,000 tonne per annum SM plant. Under current plans, 15,000 mt of SM was expected to arrive in China by mid-September, while the second batch of 15,000 mt was expected by end of the month. The shutdown of its Assaluyeh SM plant was attributed to a disruption in the supply of feedstock benzene from its Borzouyeh Petrochemical's 430,000 tpa plant. The shortfall in benzene was a result of plans to shift production to gasoline, to cope with a shortage caused by a cut off in sales of gasoline to Iran due to international pressure. Hence, normal operations at SM plant will restart by early October, once Borzouyeh resumes normal production of benzene. October 2010 | Modern Plastics & Polymers 35 ASIA NEWS EVA RESINS INVESTMENT ENVIRONMENT ISSUES DuPont's first EVA facility set up in China Chinese consortium to invest $ 1 billion in petrochemical projects in Iran A Chinese consortium is in a deal with National Iranian Petrochemical Company (NIPC) to invest $ 1 billion in petrochemical projects in Iran. It is the first time Chinese companies will participate in the construction or development of petrochemical projects there. Negotiations are also underway with several other countries for the development of Iran's petrochemical industry. NIPC is also negotiating with Pektim Company (Turkey), and Yurukum Company (Singapore) about the construction of two methanol blocks, and with a company from Oman concerning the construction of urea and ammonia blocks in Hormuz. The company is in talks with Russia's Sibour for building three petrochemical plants. Around 61 petrochemical projects Kuokuang complex will ensure competitiveness of Taiwan's petrochemical sector Taiwan's Minister of Economic Affairs has stated that though the planned Kuokuang petrochemical plant has met with opposition on environmental concerns, its construction seems imperative to ensure the competitiveness of Taiwan's petrochemical DuPont has announced that production for ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) resins has begun at its joint venture, Beijing Hua Mei Polymer Company Ltd in Beijing. The facility is DuPont's first operation to make EVA in China. "With local production, we have strengthened DuPont's position in the world's fastest growing EVA market and can better support our customers as they grow and expand to specialty products for highvalue applications," said William J Harvey, President, DuPont Packaging & Industrial Polymers. DuPont will market the EVA products under the trademark of Elvax. The new facility follows the same global standard operating procedures and quality control processes as the products manufactured in other DuPont locations to ensure products meet the same high quality and performance specifications. The joint venture will supply a broad range of high-quality specialty EVA products and will serve market segments such as packaging, adhesives, wire and cable, footwear, renewable energy and electronics. EMERGING OPPORTUNITIES are to be carried out in Iran during the Fifth National Development Plan, raising the country's petrochemical output to 100 million tonne per annum. The construction programme requires a total of $ 43 billion in investment. Contracts have already been signed for 28 of these projects. wishes to join the ranks of the major global petrochem makers who have a presence in China. sector. The Minister, however, acknowledged, and accepted that the environmental concerns are legitimate. Hence, the government will need to strengthen its role in strictly monitoring the sector to put the minds of residents living near the complexes at ease, while maintaining an appropriate scale of production. The Kuokuang complex, which has faced strong resistance, is to replace the fifth naphtha complex operated by state-run CPC Corporation that was committed to relocation by the government 20 years ago. The Minister contended that the Kuokuang project is a vital investment for Taiwan's economy, as it cannot enjoy persistent growth without a sound petrochemical industry. Without the complex, midstream and downstream producers would be likely to leave Taiwan, leaving the local industry out of balance. The CPC Corp chain would be weakened, reducing the competition faced by the Formosa Plastics Group. However, PTT's investment plans will depend on market demand with a focus on the lifestyle of its biggest markets � ASEAN and China. The new criteria for investment will require the adaptation of human management, as a novel way of thinking is needed to serve the new policy of the company. Its new investment strategy allows various options, from joint ventures, mergers and acquisitions to greenfield investment. Thai olefin major PTT Chemical exploring to invest in China In a bid to exploit rapid demand growth in China, Thailand's PTT Chemical is seeking an opportunity to invest in new chemical production in the country. The company, South East Asia's largest olefin maker, views China as its largest export market, and 36 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 WORLD NEWS COLLABORATION Powerful co-operation between blow-moulding equipment manufacturers Kautex Maschinenbau has recently taken over international sales and services for Rikutec equipment. Both companies manufacture blow-moulding machines, but cater to different segments of the blow-moulding industry. They had collaborated on several projects in the CLEAN LABEL past. "Through our focussed partnering in services and sales, blow-moulding machine buyers will benefit in the future from a single source supply of a wider range of equipment solutions and service capabilities. The intended cooperation is not a joint venture. Both companies will remain separate corporate entities," explained Andreas Lichtenauer, Managing Director, Kautex Maschinenbau. Elaborating on the same, Bodo Richter, Managing Director, Rikutec, said, "With Rikutec's multilayer accumulator heads, Kautex Maschinenbau GmbH will expand its product portfolio and service business in the area of large industrial packaging applications. And, in return we will participate in Kautex' global sales and service network." Both are leaders in extrusion blow-moulding technology worldwide. CAPACITY ADDITION New thermoplastic material produces recyclable fibrereinforced material A proprietary, multi-matrix, thermoplastic material when combined with a variety of core materials produces a fibre-reinforced, thermoplastic structural panel. This can be formed, when required, into a wide variety of products. It has been developed by AeroQuest Technologies. The environmental benefits of this material are that it is recyclable and produces no volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Its market benefits are that products made of this material are lightweight, highly impact-resistant, durable & impervious to water and most chemicals. additives helps customers to accelerate OK Compost approval of their products. Also, PolyOne can formulate applicationspecific solutions that are certified in advance," said Marcel Dart�e, Global Marketing Director - Biopolymers, PolyOne. Deliberating on the future goals, John Van Hulle, President, Global Color, Additives and Inks, said, "This achievement underscores PolyOne's long-term commitment to sustainability, and represents the culmination of several years of developmental work. We will continue to expand the range of OK Compost certified solutions to support our customers in meeting the preferences of eco-conscious consumers." resistance, higher stress & crack resistance, good organoleptics and processing advantages. Typical customer applications include thinwall packaging, caps & closures, large blow moulding and textiles for packaging. "Multimodal HDPE grades offer significant cost savings through processability improvements, downgauging and energy savings," explained Tassilo Bader, Vice President, Polyethylene and Polyolefins Solutions � Europe, Asia & International, LyondellBasell Industries. PolyOne achieves key certification for eco-friendly colourants and additives PolyOne Corporation, a premier global provider of specialised polymer materials, services and solutions, announced the grant of OK Compost certification by AIB Vin�otte to its OnColor BIO & OnCap BIO masterbatches. This is the first time that this grant has been awarded to a full range of colourants and additives. AIB Vin�otte, an independent inspection organisation, grants OK Compost certification after verifying that a product meets EN 13432, a standard for compostability recognised in Europe, Asia and North America. The OK BUSINESS EXPANSION Compost label on a product guarantees that the item is biodegradable in an industrial composting plant. In order to qualify for this label, manufacturers must demonstrate that all components of a product or package, including inks, pigments and additives, meet EN 13432. "With environmentally-conscious consumers becoming more aware of the OK Compost certification, its demand is growing for packaging and consumer goods that earn this label. Using our exclusively certified colourants and advanced cascade process (ACP) high-density polyethylene plant in M�nchsm�nster, Germany. The startup follows two years of construction, preparatory tests and test-runs on the plant's components. The plant enhances LyondellBasell's flexibility to supply advanced HDPE grades to customers in Europe and the Middle East. Hostalen ACP technology surpasses standard bimodal HDPE performance by producing resins with an advanced toughness/ stiffness, balance, superior impact LyondellBasell starts operations at HDPE plant in M�nchsm�nster, Germany LyondellBasell Industries has started operations at the 320,000 tonne per annum Hostalen 38 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 WORLD NEWS SALE ACCOLADE Treofan plans to sell Belgium operation Treofan Group, the biaxiallyo r i e n t e d polypropylene film producer, is considering the sale of Treofan Benelux, which owns a production site in Li�ge, Belgium. Interaction with a number of potential investors are at an advanced stage and negotiations could be concluded within the next few months. The Raunheim-based Treofan recently announced, "Our strategy is to focus on a smaller range of specialty BOPP films, especially in the areas of tobacco, electronics and in-mould labels," said Carlo Ranucci, CEO, Treofan. Treofan intends to maintain close ties with the Belgian operation after the completion of the envisaged transaction. A tolling agreement would enable the Li�ge site to produce up to 20,000 metric tonne of BOPP annually for Treofan. Treofan would also cede some distribution rights of Treofan's products to the new Belgian entity. ACQUISITION BASF wins environmental award for i-flow car BASF has won an �koGlobe environmental award for its contribution to the i-flow concept car, which was designed using the company's coatings, lightweight plastic solutions and solar cell technology. The carbon emissions from the Hyundai i-Flow diesel-hybrid concept car are 85 g/km, well below the levels of comparable conventional cars, says BASF, which claims its contributions to the design, account for half of the emission reduction. "The i-flow is an impressive proof of the chemical industry's crucial contribution to the environmentfriendly car of the future. BASF helps carmakers achieve their sustainability goals," said Dr Wolfgang Hapke, Head, Performance Polymers Division, BASF. BASF unveiled the i-flow technology at a VDI NEW MATERIAL German Engineers Association conference in March, when it stated that the roof glazing of the car will probably be composed of polycarbonate when it hits the market in 2011. The company also provided solar cell technology for the transparent roof, and infrared-transparent & infrared-reflecting pigments for cool plastic interior surfaces. The company's plastic materials are used for the car interior. Ultramid Balance polyamide is used for seat frames, Steron reverse-coated breathable polyurethane for cladding of the partially transparent seats and Elastoskin polyurethane coatings for the dashboard & interior trim. Sibur buys films and tapes company Novatek-Polymer Russian petrochemicals group Sibur Holding has acquired the polymers business of the country's second ranked natural gas producer, Novatek group. Sibur sees NovatekP o l y m e r , manufacturer of plastics pipeinsulation, tape and packaging films, as a ready downstream outlet for its increasing polyolefins production. For Novatek, which operates in the gas-rich, autonomous, northern Siberian territory of Yamalo-Nenets, the deal will allow to focus on its gas extraction and processing. Novatek-Polymer, based in Novokuibyshevsk in Russia's Samara region, manufactures polyethylene and polypropylene films and insulation tapes. It is the largest producer of corrosionresistant materials used to insulate underground pipelines in Russian and the CIS states. It makes heat-shrinkable tape and sleeves to protect welded pipe joints, polymer tape and wrap. In 2005, the company extended its range with the launch of a biaxially orientated polypropylene (BOPP) film production line to manufacture packaging for the food, tobacco, perfume, pharmaceuticals and textile industries. Recently, the company has seen decreasing demand for cold applied tapes in favour of heat-shrinkable insulation tape, for which the consumption is growing. Recyclable alternative for composite car parts Researchers from the Fraunhofer Institute for Chemical Technology (FICT) in Pfinztal have developed a new method for producing thermoplastic fibre-reinforced composite materials, designed for large-scale vehicle construction. According to FICT, after these materials have reached end-of-life, they can be shredded, melted down and reused to produce new high-quality parts. Researchers also claim that the materials can perform significantly better in crashes compared to the current materials in use. Moreover, thermoplastic components reinforced with textile structures absorb the forces generated in a collision through viscoelastic deformation of the matrix material without splintering. Automakers have traditionally constructed such parts from composites using a thermoset matrix. However, according to FICT, this process is potentially hazardous, as thermoset composites tend to delaminate into sharpedged splinters in a collision. It is also difficult to implement efficiently under mass production. 40 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 WORLD NEWS EXPANSION Purac expands the potential of lactides Dutch lactides specialist Purac, which supplies lactides that other companies use to manufacture the biopolymer polylactic acid (PLA), is broadening the potential of materials made from its products. The company is planning this move with an investment in the US and co-operation with Arkema of France. In the US, it plans to build a 15 million manufacturing facility for biomedical polymers, to support the growing resorbable polymers business of Purac Biomaterials. The construction of its US plant will begin in 2011 and is expected to complete before the year end. The collaboration with Arkema is in functional lactide-based block co-polymers, which Purac says will enhance the thermomechanical and physical properties of many bio-based polymers, such as PLA, resulting in a wider range of potential applications. These copolymers are produced by combining Arkema's organic catalysis ring-opening polymerisation technology with Purac's L- and D-Lactide monomers. Arkema's anionic and controlled radical polymerisation technologies are used to make the company's nanostrength materials. LICENSING Green Polymer looking to license recycling technology Green Polymer Technologies has started marketing its proprietary technology, which uses a chemical process to combine different types of plastics, to processors or end-users who produce large amounts of their own mixed-plastic scrap. During 2003-07, Green Polymer's technology was used by New Frontier Industries -- a recycling firm that combined mixed plastic to make lumber extrusions. New Frontier operated a 22,000-sq ft plant in Milton, NH, but eventually shut it down because of fund constraints. Donald Sullivan, Founder and President, Green Polymer, said, "Repelletising and reusing mixed plastic scrap through Green Polymer's technology is an economically-viable approach. One needs to have more capital in a standard plastic recycling operation, because hand sorting is not financially-viable." Sullivan estimated that a recycling plant or system using Green Polymer's technology could be built and installed for about $ 4 million. By using the firm's technology, mixed plastic scrap can be repelletised and used in products ranging from sound barriers -- as New Frontier's material was used -- to mouldings, trim and decking extrusions. October 2010 | Modern Plastics & Polymers 41 DESIGN INNOVATIONS Plastic materials are strong yet lightweight, versatile and flexible, allowing technological innovation and design freedom. Besides, design is increasingly viewed as an important strategic resource. This column focusses on the role of technologies adopted by leading design-driven companies in the development of radical as well as breakthrough innovations in products. QProducts has launched the QDesk, which uses rotomoulding to produce a school desk that is as sturdy as the non-plastic one. Since it is made from 100 per cent polyethylene, the QDesk is easier to manufacture because of the uniform material and it will not corrode like metal or warp like wood. The ergonomics of this design is ensured through its smooth surfaces and rounded features, considering the hours, a child spends at a school desk. The final geometry is produced using a mould with only 4 pieces that minimise part demoulding time. QDesk's unique stiffness is achieved by an optimisation process that involves an iterative procedure of mechanical simulations and successive geometry modifications using concurrent engineering. With zero maintenance expenditure and occasional washing, the QDesk is also relatively inexpensive. Rotomoulded plastic school desk Vaccine-delivery through microneedle Researchers from Emory University and Georgia Institute of Technology have studied the benefits of a dissolving microneedle made from poly-vinyl pyrrolidone, a polymer material that has been shown to be safe for use in the body. Just 650 micron in length and assembled into an array of 100 needles, the dissolving microneedles penetrate the outer layers of skin. This vaccine-delivery patch allows people without medical training to administer vaccines, while providing increased immunisation against diseases like influenza. After being introduced into the skin, the microneedles dissolve in bodily fluids, leaving the water-soluble backing, which can be discarded easily. This microneedle patch is made by mixing freezedried vaccine with vinyl-pyrrolidone monomers. It is then placed into moulds and polymerised at room temperature using ultraviolet light. This research was supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). 42 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 DESIGN INNOVATIONS Aerodynamic oars for lower friction The Dreher Aero Scull is a revolutionary oar with regard to its design, manufacturing processes and even the type of carbon used. The resulting oar attempts to eliminate boat-speed decrease due to air resistance of the oar shaft and blade as they both move in the same direction at maximum velocity. The major innovation here is an aerodynamic shaft and hydrodynamic blade system that is more efficient by optimising the oar shaft and blade shape as they move through water and air. A side benefit of the aerodynamic shape is a thinner but much wider shaft where the blade attaches to the shaft, resulting in much more resistance to twist than a circular shaft. The Aero blade/shaft system is closest to the adjustable area blade when the blade is buried deeper at mid-stroke. The manufacturing method reduces drag on the shaft and allows for a moulded-in seat for the sleeves. Delphi's plastic case radio design for vehicle weight reduction Delphi Corporation's ultra light radio design available on Chevrolet and GMC pick-ups and SUVs boasts of an insert-moulded electro magnetic compatibility (EMC) shielding. The ultra light radio's plastic Faraday cage offers robust, integrated mechanical assembly features and weight saving without any structural modification to the vehicle. This enclosure is made from a plastic conducting material to block out external static electrical fields. This efficient assembly process reduces cycle time and eliminates 29 screws per radio -- a weight saving of 22 per cent or 1.2 pound. The plastic case protects the contents from the thermal extremes and intense vibration of the vehicle. Prepaid energy meter for efficient electricity distribution Keeping in mind the poor people of Colombia, South America, who are not able to pay for a constant energy supply at home, ICIPC has developed the prepaid energy meter. This device is capable of reading a code number that is entered by the consumer and connects the energy for a stipulated time period determined by the prepayment. It is manufactured from recycled PET soda and water bottles, thereby promoting environmental sustainability and public health. In order to enhance consumer acceptability, it appears nature-friendly through its leafshape design into which the keyboard and the display are inserted. The organic, streamlined and compact design allows different colours, textures and finishes for increased appeal. This meter allows people to buy a minimum prepaid energy of $ 1 equivalent to approximately 24 kWh of energy supply or 2 hours of light. 44 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 `K` SPECIAL Curtain Raiser ........................................................................................................................ 48 In the News .......................................................................................................................... 54 Leaders Speak ...................................................................................................................... 61 Arvind Mehta, CMD, Welset Plast Extrusions Pvt Ltd and Immediate Past President, Plastindia Foundation Bipin Shah, Vice President, Plastindia Foundation C N Doshi, Chairman, Rajoo Engineers Ltd Frank Peters, Member of the Management Board, KraussMaffei Technologies GmbH Gerardo Chiaia, President, Asia-Pacific, Europe, Middle East and Africa, Husky Kurt L Freye, Director of Sales Worldwide, Reifenh�user Kiefel Extrusion GmbH Rajesh Nath, Managing Director, German Engineering Federation (VDMA) India R K Shethi, Managing Director, Maharashtra Maha Polyplast Pvt Ltd Satish Padmanabhan, Chief Executive Officer, STEER Engineering Pvt Ltd Subba Bangera, Managing Director, Sidel India Vijay Merchant, President, Polycraft and Member of Governing Council, ICPE K Showcase .......................................................................................................................... 86 October 2010 | Modern Plastics & Polymers 47 CURTAIN RAISER A `K'aleidoscope of opportunities As the plastics industry worldwide leaps ahead putting behind the setbacks of economic downturn, K 2010 returns to leverage upon this opportunity. With an increased emphasis on energy efficiency and sustainable development, the world's largest plastics and rubber trade fair will showcase the latest trends and innovations in this industry. Besides the leading European players, promising Asian markets like China, Japan, India and Taiwan are likely to steal the show. T he environmental concerns are on the agenda of all responsible industries. Moreover, all the industrial segments are being proactive to make the most out of the emerging opportunities globally, especially following the aftermath of economic downturn. The plastics industry is also not far behind. The upcoming K 2010, the world's leading plastics and rubber trade fair, is all set to highlight the prowess of this industry. Held every three years since 1952, the K show will take place from October 27 to November 3, 2010, at the D�sseldorf Exhibition Centre, Germany. Following the success of K 2007, the latest edition of the trade fair seems to open up new avenues of business for all players in the plastics industry, with almost 3,000 exhibitors from 56 countries representing all sectors of the industry, which will display and launch their range of equipment, technologies and achievements. Werner Matthias Dornscheidt, President & CEO, Messe D�sseldorf, says, "K 2010 will play its part in demonstrating the undiminished innovative power of the plastics industry and expand international business relationships still further." Prospects for the plastics industry PlasticsEurope, an independent association of plastics producers, estimates that 260 million tonne of plastics were produced worldwide prior to 2008. However, a 6 per cent drop in production was witnessed by the end of 2008, which collapsed further to 15 per cent in 2009. The decrease in international market volume of plastic products resulted in reduced capacities and shutdown of production lines. However, bringing cheer in 2010 is a study by the British market research firm, Applied Market Information (AMI), which estimates modest growth of 1 to 2 per cent as processors are building up their capacity utilisation again to keep abreast with the demand for polymers, since some raw materials have become scarce. For 2011 and 2012, AMI forecasts growth rates of 2 to 3 per cent. The cornerstone of this revival is the breakthrough in plastics material technology that has found increased applications in reducing 48 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 CURTAIN RAISER energy consumption and carbon emissions. Denkstatt, an Austrian sustainable development consultancy, revealed that the use and recycling of plastics conserved 5 to 9 times more carbon dioxide than is emitted during its production. "These savings alone contribute 38 per cent towards achieving the original Kyoto targets of EU-15, or 15 per cent towards achieving the EU-27 targets for 2020, thereby saving 780 million tonne of carbon dioxide. Without plastics, the Kyoto targets simply would not be achievable," observes Ulrich Reifenhauser, Chairman, Exhibitors Council, K 2010. With a separate product category called Recycling Lines, K 2010 focusses on efficient polymer energy management. According to the figures of PlasticsEurope, the average plastics recycling rate in Europe is 21.3 per cent, while the average energy recycling rate is 30 per cent. Countries like Switzerland, Denmark, Germany, Sweden, Belgium, Austria, the Netherlands and Norway have recycling turnovers of more than 80 per cent. As this healthy practice is being adopted on a wider scale, the amount of plastics disposed off in landfills remains constant. Machinery like PET recyclers and extruders will find exhibition space at K from companies such as Starlinger, Erema. Growing markets Germany and Italy have traditionally been dominating the plastics industry, together accounting for about 40 per cent of plastics consumption in Europe. As established West European and US markets for plastics have become saturated in recent years, there is tremendous scope for expansion in Asia and the Middle East. This is evident from their per capita plastics consumption of only about 20 kg, which could increase almost 90 per cent to 36 kg by 2015. Therefore, these Asian companies have created large, cost-efficient plants located in close market proximity to serve the growing demand. China has replaced Germany in 2009 as the world's leading plastics producer with a total marketshare of 23.5 per cent. It is, therefore, not surprising that developing markets like India, China and Turkey will occupy a combined exhibition space of 14,100 square metre at K 2010. Besides, leading players from Germany, Italy, Austria, France & the US, Taiwan also remains a consistent exhibitor with 5,300 square metre of display area this year. Building upon this trend, the main product categories at K 2010 are: Raw materials and auxiliaries Semi-finished products, technical parts and reinforced plastics Machinery and equipment for the plastics & rubber industries Services for these industries Lead exhibitors Raw materials seem to be the dominating sector among Indian companies exhibiting at K this year. Reliance Industries will focus on PE and PET, while SCJ Plastics will showcase its range of additives and pigments. Plastiblends India will display masterbatches and other biodegradable materials. Technovinyl will exhibit styrenics, PVC and TPE-based materials. In contrast, European processors will showcase machinery and equipment, enlightening visitors with the latest developments such as laser transmission welding. Reinhard Proske, President, GKV, avers, "Technical knowhow and the ability to innovate are the two essential factors for the success of the German plastics processing industry. The government should invest in education and training to sustain that, along with more support for R&D and less red tape." Injection and blow moulding capacities will remain the focus areas, with specialised innovative methods like co-injection, in-mould decoration, insert moulding, foam injection moulding, gas & water-assisted injection moulding, combined processes, thin-wall technology, micro & nanotechnology taking the centrestage. End-user segments are incorporating polymers into their specialised applications on an unprecedented scale. For instance, North America annually consumes about 5,00,000 tonne October 2010 | Modern Plastics & Polymers 49 CURTAIN RAISER K 2010: In a nutshell K 2010 October 27 When November 3, 2010 Where D�sseldorf, Germany Organisers Messe D�sseldorf Net exhibition 1,68,167 square space metre Exhibitors 3,114 Visitors expected 2,42,000 Countries to be 59 represented Official website www.k-online.de k-online@messeContact source duesseldorf.de What of plastic materials in automotives using reasonable approximations of more than 50 kg a piece for about 10 million vehicles sold to their regional auto industry in a year. Also, US Freedonia Group estimates that global demand for flexible packaging will rise by an average of about 3.5 per cent per annum in the coming years from 16 million tonne in 2008 to ultimately almost 19.5 million tonne in 2013. The fastest growth in packaging industry is expected in the developing regions of Asia, Latin America, Eastern Europe and Africa as well as in the Middle East. Therefore, industries like automotive, packaging, electrical engineering, electronics, communication, construction and medical technology will benefit greatly from the K extravaganza. To complement the exhibition, a special seminar titled `Visions in Polymers' will be conducted by the German plastics industry to emphasise on various future-oriented elements. In daily panel discussions, experienced users will address questions pertaining to the issues like energy-efficiency and resource conservation. Speakers will provide insights on development trends that can be discerned and the innovations in the pipeline. Innovation Compass A new entrant into the K portfolio this year is an online tool called Innovation Compass (IC), which is intended to provide a competitive 50 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 edge to leaders in the state-of-theart technology through interaction. Guided by a Scientific Council of renowned academicians and scientists, a few guiding themes of IC will be: Functionalised plastics, components and surfaces Fibre composite hybrids and their processing Processed polymers for lightweight engineering, for instance, foams Integrated manufacturing processes Energy efficiency Material efficiency "Nanotechnology is regarded globally as an `enabler' for innovative products and processes. Nano-scale particles like SiO 2 , TiO 2 , ZnO 2 , layered silicates (montmorillonite) and carbon nanotubes will improve the mechanical properties of existing polymers. Predominantly, the aim here is to achieve high stiffness and strength combined with high toughness & heat resistance," says Prof Heinrich Hartwig H�cker, Scientific Council, K 2010. Fibre composites are another family of polymers that are gaining momentum in application. "Because of their outstanding potential for lightweight construction in combination with top-class mechanical performance, composites like carbon, glass and aramid fibres are in demand. To meet this demand, processes like liquid composite moulding process (LCM), resin transfer moulding (RTM), single-line injection (SLI), vacuum infusion process (VIP) and the seeman composite resin infusion moulding process (SCRIMP) have been developed for sectors like aerospace, aviation, automotives, energy generation, sports and bioengineering," adds Prof Volker Altst�dt, Scientific Council K 2010. Wood plastic composites (WPC), used for outdoor ground coverings and vehicle interiors, are now a phenomenon accepted by the global market. The German Nova Institute estimates worldwide manufacture of WPC to be 1.5 million tonne and anticipates this figure to triple by about 5 million tonne per year by 2015. Renewable raw materials find increased attention at K this year, following the efforts towards sustainable development. Researschers at Freedonia predict that the consumption of bioplastics will quadruple to 9,00,000 tonne, with a value of about $ 2.6 billion by 2013. "Apart from conserving fossil resources and the CO 2 -neutral utilisation of biopolymers, renewable raw materials offer a major opportunity for the development of innovative products & processes, and they also increase the reliability of feedstock supplies. There are thus good reasons for the plastics industry to look at the enormous potential that renewable raw materials offer today. On a promising note Greater promise for the international plastics sector seems to be coming from developing countries in Asia. The China Plastics Processing Industry Association (CPPIA) reported a production value of 677.6 billion yuan in November 2009. This corresponds to almost 68 billion Euro and represents a growth of 9.5 per cent relative to the previous year. European exporters of plastics processing machinery consider China as an integral part of the advancement in the coming years. Relocation of whole production sectors like mobile phones and home entertainment electronics from Europe and North America to China will be deliberated at K 2010. The upcoming edition of K will serve as an ideal platform to track the emerging trends in sophisticated injection-moulding machines, compounding, extrusion and blow moulding. As EUROMAP concludes "D�sseldorf's K show is the year's highlight. We expect the economic situation to improve further, by the time the event takes place � and that this meeting of the plastics and rubber world will favour the upswing." IN THE NEWS Automatik Plastics Machinery to unravel new pelletising solutions Hall 09/A04 Koch-Technik to showcase EXAKO Hall 10/A21 As a provider of pelletising technologies for all pallet shapes, Automatik Plastics Machinery GmbH is all set to present its latest advances in production systems for cylindrical and spherical pellets at K 2010. The event will also mark the first major public appearance by Automatik following its recent merger with Maag Pump Systems AG. The company is planning a unique display organised around five `theme parks', of which four will be dedicated to the growing markets for biopolymers, CC-PET, micro pelletising and fibre-reinforced thermoplastics. The fifth theme park will feature the company's comprehensive programme of aftersales service. Theme parks for biopolymers and fibre-reinforced thermoplastics will feature EBG belt conveyor pelletising system using PRIMO Plus 200 dry cut strand pelletiser. The system offers a broad range of options, from air & water cooling to a combination of both, providing great flexibility to optimise the system for specialised applications. The pelletiser will also feature a completely changeable cutting head. In a few minutes, the cutting head can be replaced, enabling downtime to be kept to an absolute minimum. Koch-Technik, Werner Koch Maschinentechnik GmbH is planning to display its machines for mixing, dosing, conveying and drying plastics materials. Among the exhibits is a unique product EXAKO, a gravimetric direct dosing device for use in injection-moulding machines, which will be presented to the international audience for the first time. This system guarantees total accuracy in dosing the smallest quantities, irrespective of external influences. It combines the highly accurate chamber volumebased method of dosing with a gravimetric system. Tiny quantities (1g-55g) can be added to a main component. The EXAKO is fitted with scales that register the actual weight and compare the value with the calculated set weight using the control system newly developed by KOCH. The enclosed chamber volume means that it is possible to add quantities that are accurate up to +/- 3 grains in 1,000. This unit is based on a SIEMENS PLC S7 control component. It enables to store recipes & all other values, and documentation for the dosing procedure. system offers decisive advantages. Its uniform distribution guarantees trouble-free, pinch-off for the best possible moulding of the articles at full clamp force available for all mould thicknesses. The new clamping system is prepared for additional installation of bottom calibration, and therefore, permits top and bottom calibration. Mould widths in the range of 350-700 mm are offered and clamp force of 10-24 tonne is provided. BEKUM is also presenting the EBLOW 307 DL model with a clamp force of 10 metric tonne at the K Show. extruders type 19, and the conical twin screw extruder, for raw material & recipe development, material testing, quality control parallel to production, optimisation of the production process, laboratory-scale production of samples for further investigations. The state-of-the-art CAN bus technology is the basis for the modular configuration, self-validation & realtime transmission of events and actual values of the Plastograph� EC plus. BEKUM to display its expertise in Hall 14/C03 blow moulding technology BEKUM, known worldwide for its innovation in blow moulding technology, will present the next generation blow moulding machines in the BM Series at the K Show. The BM- 07 Series features a completely new clamping system design and modular construction. The highlight is that BM-07 machines are available in two versions: with traditional hydraulic clamping system and, in a new, fully electric EBLOW version with persuasive advantages. The EBLOW system guarantees low maintenance actuation, energy savings of upto 50 per cent, and reduced dry cycle times for production that is up to 15 per cent faster. The new design of the BM-07 Series clamping measuring range of 200 Nm and a speed range from 0.2 to 150 min-1, the Plastograph� EC plus is an efficient measuring drive for practice-oriented measurements with the Brabender� series of 30 and 50 measuring mixers, Economical torque rheometer for mixers and extruders from Hall 10/A22 Brabender The Brabender� Plastograph� EC plus, the economical table-top version of the universal torque rheometer Plasti-Corder� LabStation for applicational investigations or processing tasks in laboratories and simulation will be showcased at the upcoming K event. With its digital 3.8kW motor, a torque 54 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 IN THE NEWS Maag Pump Systems develops latest Hall 9/B05 recycling screen changer Considering all requirements of direct recycling processes, such as the fabrication of food-wrapping films from PET bottle flakes in one-process step exclusively, Maag Pump Systems has introduced the latest generation of screen changers. This innovation will be displayed at K 2010. The company's newly developed product line of CSC/BF-PE Screen Changers is able to meet these demands of customers, thanks to the automatic cleaning of the screens that can be adjusted to any kind of process. Upon the introduction of production line specific set points into the control system, the backflush filter changes to the operating mode and starts the fully automatic cleaning of the screens, which is controlled by pressure or time and depends on the level of dirt accumulation. The quantity of material needed for backflushing of the screens is collected in a permanently flushed accumulating space. It then cleans the dirty screen cloth outside the production process by backflushing. In this way, variations in pressure and volume can be prevented to an extent and the effects on the final product are minimised. The flow channel geometry, which is entirely free from dead spots and the free setting of backflush pressure, quantity and time facilitates the processing of all marketable recycling plastics and thermally-sensitive polymers. The product line of CSC/BF-PE Screen Changers will be available in all sizes and can be incorporated into any existing extrusion lines even later. Husky's novel injection moulding systems Hall 13/A59 Husky will present its solutions for the beverage packaging, closures, medical & food packaging markets that offer suitable technologies for meeting specific applications and business needs of customers. The UltraSync plate actuation, PRONTO configurable systems, and integrated Altanium temperature controllers will be on display. Other products include Encore, a new program designed to help customers maximise the useful life of existing Husky equipment and ProAct, a flexible maintenance program targeted at improving asset availability and performance. while providing highly accurate measurements. The Gneuss melt pressure transducers are characterised by their high measurement accuracy and nontoxic medium. They operate equally well when compared with conventional sensors. In most cases, they are more accurate than conventional sensors, with better temperature behaviour. The NTXTM melt pressure sensors can be used without any restrictions on high temperature applications and have an extremely low temperature drift. The mercury-free sensors have the same advantages as all the Gneuss measurement technology products, such as special surface treatment for better abrasion resistance and protection against products with high adhesion properties. French Pavilion to host Mat�riautech Halls 1, 3, 5 and 8A High-precision Hall 9/A38 & environmentfriendly melt pressure transducers from Gneuss Kunststofftechnik The melt pressure transducers from Gneuss Kunststofftechnik GmbH that are mercury-free will be exhibited at K 2010. With the change to the non-toxic medium NTXTM Gneuss, from Bad Oeynhausen, Germany sets new standards with regard to safety and environment-friendly products Melt Pressure Transducer and Melt Temperature Sensor The French Pa v i l i o n , organised by UBIFRANCE, the French agency for international b u s i n e s s development, will host 70 companies representing the entire plastics manufacturing industry, from raw materials to equipment and finished products. It is being organised in partnership with industry associations recognised for their skills and expertise. The French Pavilion will host the Mat�riautech, a tool for creating ideas that invites users on a `sensory voyage' through the world of plastics. It will feature everything needed for selecting the right material with full control over users' impressions on the product: colours, effects, transparency, feel, smell, sound, etc. The Mat�riautech will enable productive exchanges between creators looking for information on plastics and industries promoting their products. With its annual business volume of about 30 billion, France occupies second place among the major players in the plastics sector in Europe. October 2010 | Modern Plastics & Polymers 55 IN THE NEWS Maillefer to display tube & pipe extrusion lines Hall 12/C06 Maillefer will exhibit a series of innovations for its tube & pipe extrusion lines. The Swiss company is eager to share the results of its new developments and improvements in products with its partners and customers at what appears to be a promising show � K 2010. Bruckmann Steuerungstechnik to showcase the `ONE' Hall 09/A57 Owing to the good response received during the last K-show in 2007, Bruckmann Steuerungstechnik GmbH will introduce its complete range of automation systems to the visitors at this year's K. The complete product line of the ONE system family will be exhibited, especially operating and automation systems, ONEoperate used for controlling and operating a complete extrusion line with pelletiser, film or sheet systems including conveyance and dosage of raw materials. Furthermore, the visualisation and control system ONEview upto the storage and analysis of process data via the PC-based software ONEdatagate can be seen. Last year, a new version of the latter was released and is now introduced to the large audience. Special strength of this program is its configurability. The different systems will be installed at three points. Here, the visitor has the possibility to directly see the system family in co-operation and also test it. Br�ckner Servtec presents service concepts in film production The heating and plumbing pipe section will feature the new Maillefer forming & welding components used in manufacturing PEX-AL-PEX composite pipe. Several characteristics are worth citing, like easier forming tool set-ups, elimination of wear and dust from TIG grounding, improved weld surveillance, etc. Maillefer has undertaken the re-designing of all the components on the PCL line. The result is improved performance, efficiency, ease of operation and processing quality. Maillefer will put the equipment on display, and in addition, present its portfolio, which includes extrusion lines for blown fibre tubes and microducts, medical IV tubes, automotive fuel line tubes with six or more functional layers, and gas & water pipes. Highly engineered tube & pipe extrusion, for example, large multi-layer flexible pipes for the sub-sea oil & gas industry, is the company's specialty. Hall 3/C73 Br�ckner Servtec presents a new generation of remote service tools within its product line TRAVIS (Tools for Remote Audio and Video in Service): `Mentor' and `Callisto'. These are suitable for rough industrial environment and enable efficient after-sales services, thereby decreasing reaction times. Callisto features a headset with HUD (Head Up Display), microphone, camera & loudspeakers and Hands remain free for working with the TRAVIS Callisto is worn in a vest on the body. The user's hands remain free for working due to this wearable computing concept. However, he can still access the line's visualisation, circuit diagrams, drawings, etc. of film, bulk injection moulding and blow moulding p a r t s and bales of foamed plastics, etc in one single step to the required granule size for further treatment. The grinding chamber is directly linked to a feed hopper. With the help of a PLC-controlled RAM, the material is forwarded to the rotor. So for many materials, a two-step size reduction will no longer be necessary. Herbold specialises in the pulverising of granulated plastics and plastic waste; and numerous other applications in waste recovery. Herbold Hall 9/B42 Meckesheim to unveil granulators of the HB Series The machine and plant manufacturer HERBOLD MECKESHEIM GmbH will present new developments for sizereducing and recycling plastic waste at the K 2010 trade show. These advancements include Herbold Wet Shredder Type HGM, Granulators of the HB Series, Optimised Plastcompactor and New Fine-Grinding Series. Among them, HERBOLD's range of granulators has been enlarged by the new ones in the HB series and will be presented for the first time at the K 2010. With this granulator, it is now possible to reduce size of whole bales 56 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 IN THE NEWS STEER continues to lead technology advancements with generation next co-rotating twin-screw extruders, which will be on display at the K show. The recently launched STEER OMEGA H class range of extruders is the talk of the industry for its enhanced mixing & melting capabilities, and for winning industry awards for innovations in plastics processing machinery. STEER OMEGA has grown in stature due to its control over the amount of work done and residence time, thereby becoming `the best value option' for the compounding industry. STEER OMEGA H class extruders are loaded with characteristics that revolutionise efficiency in handling difficultto-process materials and other applications, which need lower residence time and tightening of residence time distribution. OMEGA extruders have a proven 25 per cent increase in volume and the OMEGA H class carries higher torque compared to established extruders. The use of STEER patented intake screw elements, SFV & RFV, has contributed towards overcoming feed limitation in processing low bulk dense material, and these elements are a standard in the OMEGA H class extruder. The tighter screw-to-screw clearance and the patented STEER Special Elements offer superior mixing and melting due to enhanced smearing, stretching & stirring effects. STEER to display cutting-edge extruders Hall 12/ D33-1 BREYER to showcase high performance vented extruders Hall 16/C18 BREYER has been a leading player in designing and manufacturing single screw extruders for processing thermoplastics. Among these, vented single screw extruders display outstanding performance. The company will be exhibiting a high performing 75 mm extruder with significantly increased output capacity at K show. Depending on material properties, throughputs of up to 550 kg/h (980 - 1.200 pph) at moderate speed ranges of approximately 200-250 rpm can be realised using this machine, along with superior degassing performance. The extruder screw is driven by a powerful, water cooled and silently operating direct coupled AC motor. The extruder, considered to be a design study, showing a fully covered execution not only fulfills latest safety requirements, but also accommodates the most sophisticated state-of-the-art industrial design. All BREYER extrusion lines processing high quality PC and PMMA sheet or even films for optical application follow the vented process. the masterbatch or different material combinations have tendencies to accumulate static charges. However, these static charges cause problems for a homogeneous mixture and directly influence the blending result. The new mixing bowl with integrated `charge breakers' produces a uniform mixture of the single components, which were precisely dosed in the previous step by the WITTMANN specific RTLS (= Real Time Live Scale) method. WITTMANN presents `A box full of innovations' Hall 10/A04 The participation of WITTMANN at K 2010 comes under the banner `A box full of innovations'. It will showcase more than 70 products. These include robots and automation systems, in-mould labelling systems, mould temperature controllers, granulators, material drying, conveying & blending. The new gravimetric blender GRAVIMAX 14V presents itself at the K with a completely new material mixing bowl, which opposes the creation of static charges in the masterbatch. Usually machines, the new MGF system is driven by a motor that is smaller than the one in the earlier feeder, but delivers material at rates of up to 36 kg (80 lb) per hour, compared to the previous top throughput of 13.6 kg (30 lb). Yet, the feeder is nearly 40 per cent less expensive than competing gravimetric models. The accuracy of the MGF feeder stems from the use of load cells to monitor the loss in weight of colourant in a hopper (mounted on the load cell) as the material is fed into the processing machine by an auger. Software in the Maguire's lowcost gravimetric feeder doubles throughput Hall 10/A26 An advanced model of the Maguire� MGF gravimetric feeder provides more than double the throughput of the original system, but has the same compact size and offers the same substantial price advantage over competing gravimetric units. The company will showcase this product at K 2010. Used for feeding colourants and additives into plastics processing feeder-control scans data on colour consumption every half second and automatically adjusts dispensing when a predetermined amount of accumulated error is detected. Thus, the system provides real-time control and absolutely smooth metering consistency. 58 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 LEADERS SPEAK "The next decade will present golden opportunities for the Indian plastics industry" Arvind Mehta Chairman and Managing Director, Welset Plast Extrusions Pvt Ltd, and Immediate Past President, Plastindia Foundation The polymer industry in India is growing at a phenomenal rate of 20-24 per cent since the last oneand-a-half year. The Indian plastics processing industry has undergone a sea change, after remaining a small segment over the past 50 years. PLASTINDIA 2009, the secondlargest plastics exhibition in the world, has broken the myth and proved to the world at large that the plastics industry of India, although small, can match the world standards, along with China & other countries. India can be an alternative global sourcing hub for processed plastics. This has reassured our self-confidence for growth. tie-up will help to do small things, but with scope for expansion. The technically educated and trained professional team should have an open mind to accept and try new ideas with a proactive tendency. The team members should be ready to change with time to satisfy the needs of end-customers. Of course, the goal for making profit cannot be undermined. The right steps Right from administration to marketing, appropriate strategies should be adopted. Looking at the acute shortage of trained manpower, one has to concentrate on automation, so that productivity is not only maintained, but also increased. In locations where trained manpower is available, one can have less automation and save capital cost. There are tremendous export opportunities for finished products and machinery-makers as well, with the Indian plastics industry being trusted as a quality producer. Further, good marketing tie-ups will help to grow fast. With a growth rate of 20 per cent today and per capita consumption of 8 kg against world average of 27 kg, the next decade will present golden opportunities for the Indian plastics industry with excellent growth likely in all sectors. Expanding frontiers Today, the entire industry is bustling with expansion activities. It is racing ahead with rapid strides. Of the polymer produced, nearly 6.6 million tonne are sold out. All machinery manufacturers are dealing with adequate orders; the average waiting period is 3-4 months. The per capita growth has leaped from 6 kg to 8 kg now. This is a record since the inception of plastics industry in India. Our interest lies in how entrepreneurs in this domain can encash this opportunity and gain profits. To achieve this objective, one should have tie-ups with good financial institutions or banks. The October 2010 | Modern Plastics & Polymers 61 LEADERS SPEAK "The Indian contingent, instead of looking at products only, should explore new technologies" Bipin Shah Vice President, Plastindia Foundation After the meltdown in 2009, the developed countries in Europe reduced the machine manufacturing capacity to counter the repercussions caused by the financial crisis. Though China too was affected, since the last 9 months, it has made a tremendous comeback registering a steady growth rate of around 9-10 per cent. As far as delivery of the machines is concerned, the Western European countries are providing machines after around 6-9 months, depending upon the technology. Run-of-the-mill machines like regular stretch blow or injection blow or injection-moulding machines are available on request. As far as technology is concerned, emphasis is on productivity, energy-efficiency and mega volume production through automation. However, a different trend is witnessed in terms of new product lines where multiple processors are involved: today everything is on line. In the case of new technologies, the focus is on nanotechnology, hybrid materials, renewable fibre materials etc. Thus, plastics processing segment is faced with new challenges, particularly in distributing new materials to make good homogenous composites and stable under-shearing forces, in compounding. is an upscale of around two to three times in all sectors. People have now realised that though there are huge issues pertaining to plastic recycling, there is no other alternative materials available; and they give preference to polymers over glass, metal or other competitive materials. Key demand drivers As a result of significant growth in sectors like pharma, agriculture, automation, telecommunication & transport, there is a need for new technology & materials. In the emerging economies such as China, India and South-East Asia, the retail revolution that has just set in (last three years) will drive the commodity material demand for another 5-10 years. Overall, there is an increase in the food and produce. Food processing sector is giving an extension of life with use of polymer; agriculture production is now reaching directly into the hands of retailers in unit consumption portions. On K 2010 The Indian contingent, instead of looking at products only, should explore new technologies, be it compounding, tailor-made blends, new methods of processing, etc. This does not necessarily mean that we need not look at mega volumes produced. Besides, adoption of automation for energy-efficiency, recycling will remain a challenge in the Indian market. Recent trends Everyone is talking in terms of mega volumes depending upon the cultural need of the geographic area, but there 62 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 LEADERS SPEAK Your vision and action plan The advancements in technology have enabled less use of materials for the same functionality. Besides, we need to look at biodegradability internally; fibre composite and use of starch & cellulose to create polylactide; and other co-polymers that can be obtained from sugar or starch. At present, these products may be costlier for the Indian market. Reinforcing fibres include flax, hemp and jute, which can also be explored to make wood plastic composites. One new area of polymer products is marine plants, which are noted for the non-use of oil or agricultural land. The products like lingrin can effectively reduce carbon sink; use of microorganism for bioplastics can also help to supplement the demand of polymer. Nano car and nano-particles are much talked about! The nanocomposites for new technology in blending will improve strength and stiffness through the use of nanoscale silica in polymer. Besides, the deployment of nano-composites for glow properties will assure efficient heat transfer. There will be a great challenge in injection moulding to avoid phase separators and agglomeration in processing. Efforts are on to develop technologies that take into account resource efficiency and sustainability. There will be compounds for electrical and thermal conductivity. New polymers will have self-heating ability, self-cleaning capability, antistatic behaviour, etc and research is on to make anti-bacterial ironic conduction and biocompatibility. These new applications will bring futuristic growth to the processing industry. Plastic and rubber will be used for lightweight construction. They will encompass electrical, automation, aerospace and electrical engineering products. New polymers for medical technology options, innovations and communication technology need to be adopted for the Indian environment. The India advantage India ranks third in the world market. What is desired in India is to learn to manufacture volume outputs with the help of automation, taking into account energy-efficiency. It is pivotal to first produce materials with international standards on a permanent basis to compete in the world market. Apart from commodity plastics, we must concentrate on using engineering materials, its processing methodology; and explore other methods instead of just following standard processing techniques, and concentrate on different visibility. In addition, we must enter the area of white goods in an exponential way. We have proved to the world that we are good in packaging activity and commodity plastics conversion. We must come out of our shell `Small is beautiful' and take the stride forward by embracing automation, sustainability and efficient production. The advantage of cheap labour is lost against efficiency, and we will have to learn to play within 15-20 per cent. The country should focus on the cluster marketing approach for each product, and improve efficiency of conversion on a yearly basis. Also, we should commit ourselves to reduction in conversion cost, say by 2-3 per cent by adjusting volume demand and efficiency of production. Creation of expertise for a given commodity for a given mass volume production is the need of the hour. Indian environment has many advantages. The growth along with economic power is unabated. We can only become the manufacturing hub, if we meet international quality standards and efficiency for production. The challenge is immense, however the scope is infinite for exponential growth and financial support is available. All we need is zeal, integrity and commitment to serve products with international standards. Let's go `green' in the next decade. We must come out of our shell `Small is beautiful' and take the stride forward by embracing automation, sustainability and efficient production. October 2010 | Modern Plastics & Polymers 63 LEADERS SPEAK "We expect K 2010 to open new market avenues for us" C N Doshi Chairman, Rajoo Engineers Ltd In the plastics processing industry, the supply is more than the demand on a global scale, and thus, the competition has increased. The differentiators include technology levels, energy-efficiency and wastage levels. The emerging trends in technology reflect increased automation adoption and the ability to use recycled material more efficiently. We see this trend coming to India too. brand. While Rajoo will be present in the `extrusion' area, Wonderpack's focus will be on the `thermoforming' section. The merged entity will provide end-to-end solutions to the industry worldwide � sheet extrusion systems and thermoforming solutions � not only for the disposable container industry, but also for automotive and white goods industry. We expect to achieve an even higher level of global recognition during our journey in becoming one of the most trusted and outstanding solution providers for plastics extrusion machinery worldwide. We are in the process of joining hands with selected overseas partners to diversify our product portfolio � both for organic and inorganic growth. Automation benefits In the last couple of years, the trend has been towards higher capacity levels with increased levels of automation. Processors are keen to take advantage of high-capacity machines, which offer several benefits including better energy-efficiency, low labour costs and improved quality consistency. Major growth drivers The plastics processing industry is driven by developments in different sectors such as agriculture, organised retail, infrastructure, pharmaceuticals, foods and beverages, among others. The India advantage Currently, there is a narrow technology gap between India and the world in terms of plastics processing industry. Low costs are surely one of the factors to encourage outsourcing of manufactured components. But India also provides a pool of Englishspeaking engineers and technologists not only for outsourcing manufacturing activities, but also for `research and development'. The knowledge of polymer processing & behaviour is strong and many innovations have also taken place in the plastics & packaging industry. Yet another great advantage is that India offers a ready market for these products. Views on K 2010 `K' offers a prestigious platform to reach out to the whole world. It is the best showcase of technology for machinery manufacturers like us who have a major export component in the top line. We expect the forthcoming K 2010 to open new market avenues for us (Hall no 15 D � 58). Furthermore, for the first time, Wonderpack (recently merged with us) and Rajoo will share a common platform and Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 64 LEADERS SPEAK "This year's K will help to pursue the upturn of the sector" Frank Peters Member of the Management Board, KraussMaffei Technologies GmbH The market is witnessing rapid change in the needs of customers, who are looking for multi-functional solutions and innovative, as well as individual process solutions. First and foremost, processors are now aware of the need to improve production and create higher efficiency. The so-called one-shot-processes help to increase production efficiency enormously. A combination of injection moulding, extrusion and reaction processing with adapted automation also enables to improve logistics. products in reference to our K-show motto `Technology� - Changing the Rules'. We expect an ongoing trend towards energy-saving and efficientprocessing solutions to meet the demand for improved production. Awareness on energy-efficiency will also lead to new fields of applications where plastic parts can be deployed to conserve energy. Light-weight structures in cars, for example, can save fuel but will need adapted processing solutions. We plan to make our customers aware of the benefits of state-of-the-art machines and our Technology�-Know-how, which is unique in the market. Injection moulding scenario The biggest challenge is to meet the growing expectations of customers who are strongly focussed on energy-saving technology, and we believe that our BluePower project came just in time. Today, we also offer a complete range of production solutions, for instance, injection moulding compounder (IMC) technology, multi-components, and automation. Your vision Our main focus will be on technologies � the Technology� platform of KraussMaffei. All three major processing technologies like reaction technology, extrusion (profiles, pipes, compounding) and injection moulding are also available in India, either independently or combined in one machine. A wide range of modern machine modules and processing knowhow enables us to stay ahead in the Indian market, where KraussMaffei is present not only in terms of sales but also efficient after-sales services. End-user sectors driving demand Besides electronics, the automotive and packaging industries are the main technology boosters for plastic applications. Automotive and all kinds of packaging products will grow in India catering to the domestic market as well as for exports to Europe and the US. Prospects in India First of all, India has the language advantage, with English being the most widely used language. Besides, India has a strong focus on European technologies. In the automotive sector, for example, one can find manufacturing plants of all major European players. Opportunities at K 2010 This year's K will help to pursue the upturn of the sector. KraussMaffei will demonstrate several high-quality 66 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 LEADERS SPEAK "Our plan for India is similar to how we started in Shanghai" Gerardo Chiaia President - Asia-Pacific, Europe, Middle East and Africa, Husky Many manufacturers are becoming increasingly aware of sustainability and the need to minimise the impact their business has on the environment. Lowering part costs, reducing scrap, improving quality and operational efficiency are all beneficial from both a business and green perspective, as these efforts save money and reduce environmental footprint. Many new entrants as well as experienced manufacturers are looking to work with one experienced supplier who can provide a complete turnkey system. Rather than purchasing a collection of discrete pieces of equipment, manufacturers are increasingly demanding an injectionmoulding workcell that is optimised as a whole to maximise performance, increase quality and reduce waste & energy consumption. They are also seeking suppliers who can provide the after-sales services to keep the systems running at peak efficiency. A number of factors, including rising resin & transportation costs, growing environmental awareness and consumer demand, are coming together to create an ever-increasing need for light-weight packaging. As a result, manufacturers are looking for suppliers who can provide not only the products, but also the services and expertise to help them produce increasingly light-weight, yet highly-functioning parts. End-user sectors driving demand Developing markets, with the emerging middle-class, will certainly drive an increased need for all types of convenience packaging. Suppliers who will successfully meet the needs of these emerging markets are those who will maintain and continue to develop a global manufacturing footprint with a wide range of sales & service support to effectively meet the local needs of manufacturers, in their language and time zone. Many new entrants into the emerging markets are also looking for experienced suppliers who have the capabilities and depth of knowledge to support the development of their projects, from part concept through to completion. 68 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 LEADERS SPEAK Expectations from K 2010 Husky is looking forward to K 2010 as the show will give us the opportunity to demonstrate our capabilities as a leading global partner for complete injection-moulding solutions. We will showcase a wide range of technologies, services and support that help customers to be more competitive, sustainable & profitable. Exploring new avenues Over the next several years, the plastics industry in India and the neighbouring countries is projected to potential grow for significantly. investments in The the future great in India indicates that we are at the forefront of this growth. Our goal is to be a leader in servicing this this new India. have sales, market, facility Once customer which is with being set why we a up have in the manufacturing invested in domain ground-breaking Chennai, new and complete, support, 3,300 square metre (35,520 square ft) facility will sourcing teams. The location will also support Husky's growing hot-runner business in the region by providing local hot-runner and mould refurbishing to reduce lead-times. Advantage India India has a well-educated workforce that is a valuable resource. Our plan for India is similar to how we started in Shanghai. There, we learned that establishing a local team is critical to establishing a company's culture and values, but also create an environment where team members can intimately understand the unique needs of a particular market and work to meet these needs in the most effective and responsive way possible. In addition, India has a distinct advantage with regard to geographic location. Being located in between the Far East and Middle East naturally makes it a central business hub of the region. October 2010 | Modern Plastics & Polymers 71 LEADERS SPEAK "We see India as a key market for our continuous growth" Kurt L Freye Director of Sales Worldwide, Reifenh�user Kiefel Extrusion GmbH The global market for blown film machinery has seen resurgence in growth since the end of the 4th quarter of 2009. An enormous increase in blown film sales are being witnessed, as a result of pent-up demand since the first quarter of 2008 due to caution in the face of the financial market uncertainty, and the volatility in the resin market during the same period. Key growth areas depend on which region of the world is being considered, as each area has unique trends. goods. This mainly concerns lidding sheets for laminating to BOPP BOPET , and BOPA, thermoforming sheets, bag-in-box packages and bags of all types. It should be noted that a 7-layer film is the established standard in the market today. The migration to 9-layer technology is driven by improved film characteristics, down-gauging and cost savings. At K 2010, we are presenting the new EVOLUTION 9-layer blown film extrusion line. The EVOLUTION 9-layer system uses the most advanced technologies available in the packaging industry today. The system's centrepiece is its extruder/film blowing die combination. The new extruder excels through its great flexibility in the processing of polyolefins and raw barrier materials such as ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH), PA and polyethylene terephthalate glycol (PETG), and it has an extremely wide throughput range at low melt temperatures. The EVOLUTION 9-layer blown film line is designed to handle a wide range of film recipes, resin structures and layer thickness ratios commonly used in the industry today. Growth prospects Generally speaking, barrier film packaging is witnessing growth in markets where the middle-class is growing; HDSS bag growth is seen in areas where new crackers are coming online; milk film packaging is moving into barrier films from 3 layers, and lamination films are continuing to grow. Increasing demands for truly flat film, not just with better gauge accuracy, are rising with increase in the speed of gravure and flexo presses. Reifenh�user Kiefel Extrusion is uniquely positioned to meet all these market demands and more, with our new generation of blown film equipment - EVOLUTION, which we will present to the market at K 2010. Strategies for India Our efforts in the Indian market have been intensified and we are making significant investments in the Indian market because we see it as a key market for continuous growth at Reifenh�user Kiefel Extrusion. Leveraging K 2010 Market trends clearly show the food industry's growing needs for packaging that prolongs the shelf-life of packaged 72 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 LEADERS SPEAK "K 2010 would offer the ideal platform to find optimal solution for Indian customers" Rajesh Nath Managing Director, German Engineering Federation (VDMA) India For many years now, the factors like ever-increasing population and ongoing substitution processes in favour of plastics segment have combined to foster the steady expansion of the sector. Plastics play a major role in the 21st century lifestyle. The growth rate of plastics industry is around 6-8 per cent per annum. More than 35 per cent of the capacity is in AsiaPacific region and around 28 per cent of the capacity is in North America. Western Europe contributes to around 21 per cent of the entire capacity. These regions form the major polymer production regions of the world. Today, as demand and production are set to grow, plastics processing machinery manufacturers need to accelerate innovation in energyefficient technology as well as ensure greater visibility and accountability into its production process. `packaging', which accounted for over 35 per cent of the global consumption. Among the individual plastics materials, polyolefin accounted for 53 per cent of the total consumption, (PE with 33.5 per cent, PP with 19.5 per cent) followed by PVC � 16.5 per cent, PS � 8.5 per cent, PET & PU � 5.5 per cent, styrene co-polymers (ABS, SAN, etc) � 3.5 per cent, and other engineering & high performance & specialty plastics, blends, alloys, thermosetting plastics � 13 per cent. Growth drivers The Indian plastics industry is all set to grow between 10-12 per cent yearon-year in this decade. The present per capita consumption of 4-5 kg is likely to grow beyond 7 kg in 2010. Moreover, according to an industry estimate, the consumption level, which is expected to reach 8 million tonne in 2010, could even touch 10 million tonne, provided some of the constraints and challenges facing the industry are resolved. Further, the consumption could reach a high of 12 million tonne by 2012. That is reason enough for those in the plastics industry to cheer. It has been estimated that PET, PP and PE (LLDPE, LOPE and HDPE) would be the three dominant plastics materials in the world for the converters as well as end-users. Besides, the government's current emphasis on infrastructure development Plastics industry: An overview During the last few years, the plastics and petrochemicals sector had been facing a rough period due to steep rise in oil prices that adversely affected the global economy. However, Asia remains the world's largest plastics consumer for several years, accounting for about 30 per cent of the global consumption. Next to Asia is North America with 26 per cent share, then comes Western Europe with 23 per cent share in the global market. The key growth segment remains 74 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 LEADERS SPEAK will lead to a further increase in the demand for plastics, not to forget the fact that consumer electronics and automobiles have surfaced as the major consumer of components made out of plastics. Healthcare is yet another sector that uses plastic in a big way for packaging. Similarly, moulded furniture, made out of plastics, is becoming increasingly popular, thereby contributing in a big way to the demand and use of plastics. Given the various applications of plastics, the industry is, therefore, no longer restricted to simple processing. expected to be the third-largest by the turn of this decade. Plastics industry, one of the fastest growing in India has a vital role to play in its development. Indian plastics industry is expanding at a phenomenal pace. Major international companies from various sectors such as automobiles, electronics, telecommunications, food processing, packaging, healthcare, etc have set up large manufacturing base in India. Therefore, demand for plastics is rapidly increasing and soon India will emerge as one of the fastest growing markets in the world. The next two decades are expected to offer unprecedented opportunities for the plastics industry in the country. This would necessitate industry initiatives to foster investments, grow the market, upgrade quality standards, enhance global participation, and encourage the Indian industry to adopt & adapt to world-class technology and manufacturing practices. K 2010 platform The total number of exhibitors this year is 3,100 and targeted visitors are about 2,50,000. The number of German exhibitors at K 2010 totals 1,058. The contingents from China, India and Taiwan will be strongly represented this year. For the first time, exhibitors from Armenia, Chile, Indonesia, Pakistan and Vietnam will participate in the K trade fair. The show will focus on engineering plastics, innovative & application-oriented plastic compounds and environmentfriendly production lines. At K 2010, the main theme of VDMA Plastics and Rubber Machinery Association is to include piracy protection, market surveillance, energyefficiency and education. Further, with increase in export of German plastics processing machinery to India by 39 per cent in the first quarter of 2010, the German manufacturers are upbeat about the future development in the Indian plastics industry. Hence K 2010 would offer the ideal platform for technical discussion to find optimal solution for the Indian customers. Indian plastics industry is expanding at a phenomenal pace. Major international companies from various sectors such as automobiles, food processing, healthcare, etc have set up large manufacturing base in India. Favourable factors for business in India India is projected to see the largest growth in its share of foreign investments across all sectors and is likely to become the world leader for investment in manufacturing. Domestic demand is high and growing steadily, thanks to an expanding economy. There is substantial local demand for many products. In India, engineering skills, especially in the IT sector are exceptionally high. Further, fullyowned subsidiaries are allowed here, so that international players can have complete control over operations. Added to this is the well-established IPR regulation, which is becoming increasingly important. India has good English-speaking, young population, educated manpower generated from the high standard engineering and management colleges. Hence, the country offers a conducive opportunity for overseas players to set up manufacturing facilities. Future plans Over the years, India has made significant progress in the industrial world with healthy economic growth. On purchase power parity basis, it is one of the top five global economies and is October 2010 | Modern Plastics & Polymers 75 LEADERS SPEAK "From the product development perspective, India is a large and lucrative market" R K Shethi Managing Director, Maharashtra Maha Polyplast Pvt Ltd Currently, the demand for plastics processing machinery is increasing worldwide, sectors, with a rise in the applications of plastic parts in various especially automobiles, infrastructure, material handling and communication. India is emerging as a global hub for plastics machinery moulds and products. opened the doors for growth of this industry. Development of latest software for CAD/CAM and 3D modelling has opened a new era for novel product applications. The development in of latest technologies rotomoulding machinery, especially the device to monitor internal temperature of the mould, the process control by PLC and the programmable cooling systems, has opened the market for various industrial and custom-moulding products. These products are impossible to manufacture by any other process. New trends in rotomoulding There has been a significant growth in the rotomoulding industry worldwide over the last two to three years. In India, the industry is growing at a rate of almost 15-20 per cent per annum. The advancements in rotomoulding technology, moulds and new materials have resulted in a significant rise in its applications. Earlier, the rotomoulding process was considered to be slow, but the development of advanced machinery consistent can be with PLC control and on and multi-arms has led to high productivity, quality considered low-cost par with with products. Moreover, now rotomoulding injection & blow moulding processes. CNC-machined moulds complicated design & shape and `unique design freedom' have also Major usages The major application of rotomoulding process is in the area of water tanks, which covers almost 70 per cent of market in India and remaining 30 per cent is dominated by industrial container, material handling products, textile parts, automobile parts and various custom-moulding products. The water tanks segment is also growing as construction and building industry is witnessing a boom, since the last three to four years. The other major end-user sectors that are growing include infrastructure, 78 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 LEADERS SPEAK material handling equipment, like, stress-free products, one-piece seamless construction, no limitation for product size and capacity, part design freedom, flexibility of double wall construction, moulded metal inserts, mould-in graphics, etc. This will definitely help in giving a boost to this industry. unleashed a new era for various rotomoulded products. Hence, the future of rotomoulding looks bright, and by 2012 the growth of this industry would touch 20-25 per cent. underground manhole, septic tanks, traffic system, solid-waste management, automotive parts & fuel tanks, chemical & textile containers, toys & playground equipment, etc. It is expected that by 2015 other new products will cover almost 60 per cent of rotomoulding products and the remaining 40 per cent will constitute water tanks. Shaping India As far as rotomoulding is concerned, India is the fastest growing country in the world. Also, it is a mature industry. The quality and technology of machines are on par with international standards. The quality of the moulds can also be compared with those in advanced countries like the US, Australia and UK. From the product design perspective, Indian technocraft are and quite mould advanced manufacturers Roadmap to future growth By 2012, India is poised to become the third-largest plastics consuming country that the in the world. The rotomoulding industry is thriving in India and the quest for new applications and products is obvious. From the product development perspective, India is a large and lucrative market. The developments and taking place have in industries such as infrastructure, construction automotive Leveraging K 2010 At K 2010, I expect rotomoulding industry would display its products with vigour. However, the most important thing is that visitors and users should understand this technology, product development and various new applications better. They should appreciate the inherent properties of rotomoulding technology, and equipped with the latest software, which help in the development of world-class products. October 2010 | Modern Plastics & Polymers 79 LEADERS SPEAK "The technology trend is towards energy-efficiency and automation" Satish Padmanabhan Chief Executive Officer, STEER Engineering Pvt Ltd The last six months have seen perceptible changes in the demand for polyolefin from China, the US, India and Turkey. The requirement for plastics processing machinery follows the polyolefin consumption curve. The plastics processing machinery manufacturers are yet to ramp up capacities to meet this demand surge. Producers in the Middle East & Asia region who enjoy a competitive cost advantage, especially for polyethylene, are seen moving towards manufacturing value-added products. The technology trend is towards energy-efficiency and automation. output, low-energy consumption and manufacturing costs. Opportunities galore at K 2010 It will offer a huge opportunity to STEER to enhance its visibility and showcase its superior technology and customer services. As several global compounders are sourcing from Asia, it will prove to be a promising platform for STEER and many Indian manufacturers to win their confidence and ensure continued cooperation. Fulfilling the vision STEER's founder Dr Babu Padmanabhan's goal is to contribute meaningfully to the Vision 2020 of our Former President Dr APJ Abdul Kalam. STEER aims at contributing substantially to the country's per capita consumption of plastics from the current 5-6 kg per person to 12 kg in the near future. The company is well-equipped to handle this requirement of the Indian market. STEER will serve the Indian customers with its generation-next extruders that offer high-speed as well as good returns, at a low investment, while allowing to process the most difficult materials. India as a country offers cost advantages and is also one of the most favourable destinations for manufacturing. Our own experience with a large global marketshare for EPZ products is an evidence of this fact. Upcoming trends in extrusion Speed and cost are the emerging trends in the extrusion market. High speed, huge returns, and a low investment enable manufacturers to enhance their output and financial gains. The speed of the extrusion process results in overcoming the difficulties that one encounters on account of speed constraints. Higher speed without advancement in the mixing and melting technology will result in a sudden increase of materials temperature, thermal decomposition and unstable operations. It also calls for improvement in the material of construction of the screw & barrel to overcome the need for highwear resistance and improved life. A significant trend over the last two to three years is the availability of efficient and high performance plastics extrusion machinery that provides high 80 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 LEADERS SPEAK "The K fair is an ideal platform to train our middle management team on upcoming changes around" Subba Bangera Managing Director, Sidel India Since the year 1983, I have been a regular visitor to K fair, a real window to the world of plastics and its applications. We get insights about all the innovations across the world. The K fair is also an ideal platform to train our middle management team on upcoming changes around. households compared to 22 million today. This statistical information is evidence enough as to why K fair is important to all of us. Recent trends Speaking industry, specifically and PET, in of blowing particular, spectacular growth has been witnessed The growth story of India Today, drastic urbanisation is being seen in India, and this is driving numerous in applications of plastics water in the last five years in the country. We are not anywhere near to what China is today, but that is a good sign because we will have to catch up with China in the next 10 years. Mineral water market is growing at 30 per cent; the juice and nectar sector is growing at 40 per cent. While CSD growth is not as robust as others, the conversion of glass to PET is drastic, and every year, we see at least 15 per cent conversion happening. The need for 2.3 litre of beverage by a healthy human being is catered today by a meagre three per cent in the packaged form. By the next 5 years, this figure is expected to rise to 10 per cent. For every addition infrastructure projects, distribution, housings, automobiles, packaging material for cosmetics, household items, consumer appliances, food & beverages, healthcare needs etc. The MGI report on India estimates five times GDP growth by 2030, growth of 590 million living in cities, which is nearly twice the population of the US, and an addition of 270 million working age population. Around 70 per cent of our net new employment will be generated in cities, which means 91 million urban 82 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 LEADERS SPEAK of one per cent, beverage in packaged form will require 27 billion bottles of 350 ml. This means a market for 300 preform making machines and equivalent number of PET blowing machines for high-speed line in the next five years. The conversion of glass to PET will be seen more visibly in pharma, country liquor, beer and branded liquor. The K 2010 advantage Today, everyone is looking at equipment that can deliver higher output with lower energy consumption, lesser floor space, but with more efficiency. The weight of the bottles has been reduced by around 20 per cent for most of the applications. The balance between CAPEX and OPEX is the key buying factor. Due to drastic changes in product lifecycle, all buyers desire a payback of maximum three years. The PET industry has changed a lot in last 10 years. From output per cavity of 1,200 in 1996, we are today witnessing 2,200 per cavity with lower energy consumption. Moreover, all this has become possible without any increase in equipment cost. In some cases, it is lower too. The industry is no more a converter industry. In fact, the end-users are opting for direct buying. Indian visitors will look at value for money for the equipment sourced. The hawk-eye approach of the Indian industry is well-recognised by the equipment manufacturers. My analysis has revealed that the local food & beverage brands will demand medium-speed machine to suit the SME pattern and also for the franchise approach across the country. I foresee some drastic changes in the way equipment is built today. The possibility of having custom-made equipment to suit particular application is not far off. Several combi machines will be seen around for all the applications, thus reducing the floor space and manpower to run the operations. Changes will be seen in power cost reduction with new heating technologies. This K fair will be an interesting platform for Indian buyers. October 2010 | Modern Plastics & Polymers 83 LEADERS SPEAK "The scale of operation will become vital for Indian processors in this decade" Vijay Merchant President, Polycraft, and Member of Governing Council, ICPE With considerable growth taking collected in most cities. Besides, there are seven or eight medium size PET recycling units. It is likely that a few more PET bottle-to-bottle recycling projects may come up in the next two to three years. There are around two or three plastic waste-to-fuel oil projects already operating in South India, and based on their success, several others may come up in the North. In addition, this trend is expected to continue with more medium size fuelfrom-waste plants likely to emerge in the coming years. place in the plastics industry in India and China, almost all reputed Indian machinery manufacturers appear to have good bookings on hand. The large size processors in India continue to buy some machines with hightech controls and high-throughput processing, mostly from overseas suppliers in Europe and in some cases, China. This is despite the fact that a few Indian companies are now offering machines with good quality standards. Some Indian companies with to international the American especially machines tie-ups and for as cater European injectionthey are Demand drivers Among the major end-use sectors driving the demand for plastics in India are packaging, infrastructure, housing and automotive. The woven markets, moulding competitively priced. Latest trends in recycling On the recycling front, small & medium size machines for mechanical recycling are being installed in nearly all states. This is because with more use, more commodity plastic waste is sack & tape sectors and the extruded film are reportedly set to expand faster profiles than & others. Plastic pipes, rotomoulded products are likely to show growth during the next five years. With organised retail 84 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 LEADERS SPEAK growing at 30 per cent annually, and disposable incomes rising, packaged goods will drive film markets' rapid growth. Housing will drive the growth of PVC products in doors, flooring, windows as also electrical segments. the look out for plastics machinery to feed demand of the huge infrastructure sector, as investments announced The Indian edge The advantage Indian processors still enjoy is the possibility of starting off in small & medium scale when there is still some protection; and learn about market demands, and then with some confidence quickly by the Planning Commission clearly establish huge spending on roads, electrification, telecom etc. If one were to learn from the Prospects at K 2010 Indian manufacturers will get an opportunity to closely observe what machine suppliers from advanced rapid growth China has made in plastics processing, the scale of gear up for mass production to serve both the domestic & export markets The auto in the sector gains near vendors in this future. have way operation will become vital for Indian processors in this decade. Only those processing polymer in thousands of tonne per month will survive both in the domestic & export markets, with almost all countries lowering tariffs, making it imperative to produce highquality goods in large volumes at the lowest cost. countries like Germany, Italy, Austria, Japan, and even China have to offer to improve productivity & realised huge during the last three years. Today, the two- and four-wheeler producers are chasing component suppliers with huge orders, as India is becoming a hub for export of small cars across the world. competitiveness together with reliable quality of finished plastic products. K 2010 will cater to the needs of several Indian businessmen who are on October 2010 | Modern Plastics & Polymers 85 SHOWCASE Single screw and barrel 8B, Hall 0 9 G24-1 Foam extrusion lines , Hall 3 C91 Zhoushan Huayu Machinery Manufacturing Plant offers single screw and barrel for extruders. The screw is available in diameter ranging from 20 to 500 mm with a maximum screw length of 10,000 mm. The barrel's inner bore diameter is 500 mm. The conical twin screw and barrel are available in size ranging from 35/75 to 92/188 and the parallel twin screw and barrel is available in size ranging from 35/35 mm to 250/250 mm. Zhoushan Huayu Machinery Manufacturing Plant Zhejiang - China Tel: +86-580-880 3886 / 5118; Fax: +86-580-880 3885 Email: email@example.com Sunwell Global offers foam extrusion lines for food and protective packaging applications. The company's tandem extrusion lines can process EPS, EPE, and EPP at an output of 150 kg/h to 1,000 kg/h. Raw materials are automatically loaded and blended before being fed into the primary extruder to produce a homogeneous melt. Hydrocarbon or CO2 gases are precisely metered using triple head ATEX compliant, diaphragm pumps with mass flow measurement to ensure a consistent foam density and quality. The secondary extruder cools the melt using a high mixing, low shear screw with a two stage seal design to ensure no leakage through the rear. Barrel water cooling is controlled through motorised valves to minimise temperature variation particularly important when producing absorbent foam. Sunwell Global Ltd Changhua Hsien - Taiwan Tel: +886-4 853 4810, Fax: +886-4-853 4847 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org In mould labelling machine 2, Hall 1 1 A51-5 Chuan Lih Fa Machinery Works Co offers in mould labelling machine for coating, direct printing, shrinkage foil printing and for sticking labels. Its features include product and label join in one artistic appearance, flexibility in artwork change, long lasting & difficult to peel-off, anti-counterfeit, environment-friendly, etc. This machine is equipped with high precision servo controlled robot arm, label supplying system, stable cooling/drying system, etc. Chuan Lih Fa Machinery Works Co Ltd Tainan Hsien - Taiwan Tel: +886-6 2532 111, Fax: +886-6 2533 311 Email: email@example.com Rubber injection moulding machine 4, Hall 1 B57 Tung Yu Hydraulic Machinery Co offers close loop rubber injection moulding machine. It is equipped with injection unit with close loop to control the injection speed and pressure more accurately. The hydraulic unit is located at the right side of press to decrease the occupied space. The main frame and lateral ejector is controlled by linear transducer, set-up on HMI. Its special design for the casting of main cylinder lowers the press height. Tung Yu Hydraulic Machinery Co Ltd Nantou County - Taiwan Tel: +886-49 225 3588, Fax: +886-49-225-2998 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Bag making machine 2, Hall 1 2 A51-5 Cosmo Machinery Co offers high speed six tracks T-shirt bag & bottom sealing bag making machine. The whole process from film roll to finished bag takes place in one process flow and is controlled by the computer. It automatically stops when the bag gets jammed or the film is broken. It is equipped with cold and hot pin. Automatic film feeding, coordination free from tension adjustment are the main features of this machine. It is equipped with servo motor for easy adjustment for bag length and production speed. Cosmo Machinery Co Ltd Taipei Hsien - Taiwan Tel: +886-2 2680 6116; Fax: +886-2 2680 6118 Email: email@example.com 86 Modern Plastics & Polymers | October 2010 Capillary rheometer 0, Hall 1 G66 Gotech Testing Machines offers 'CR-6000' capillary rheometer. It is a high shear rate capillary rheometer to determine the flow behaviour and viscosity of high polymer, polymer, thermoplastics and elastomers. The rheometer is designed to help & provide researchers with important scientific data with detailed analysis. Gotech Testing Machines Inc Taichung - Taiwan Tel: +886-4-235 9006: Ext 204, Fax: +886-4-2359 0062 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org SHOWCASE Slitting machine , Hall 3 C51 Converting HCI Equipment Co offers `FSL-T' slitting machine, its maintains which parental quality, such as easy-to-use durability, and stability in operation. The machine is provided with 1,000 mm diameter of shaft-less unwind stand. It is equipped with automatic tension control system with 3-vector motors. The slitting machine is equipped with touch-based control computer system. HCI Converting Equipment Co Ltd Taichung � Taiwan Tel: +886-4-2359 0632 Fax: +886-4-2359 0710 Email: email@example.com PE stretch blown film machine 6, Hall 1 B77 Chyi Yang Industrial Co offers PE stretch blown film machine for producing PE stretch film & PE cling film. It comes with a liquid PIB injection system to inject the liquid adhesive into the screw to get the sticky film and fully automatic cut and changing reels winder. The co-speed controller controls the speed of take-up unit and winder, so that the film does not over stretch. This machine can produce 10 rolls of film having width 300 mm or 6 rolls of film having width 500 mm at one time, and the output can be 100-150 kg/hr for 1-layer 75 mm extruder. The rewinder machines are used in rewinding the jumbo roll to small rolls