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THE e-NONGQAI Un-official Police Gazette for VETERANS of the former South African Police Force and for those interested in the history of our Police, Defence and our National Security January 2014; Vol 5 no 1 DIE e-NONGQAI Nie-amptelike Polisiekoerant vir VETERANE van die ou Suid-Afrikaanse Polisiemag en vir diegene wat belangstel in die geskiedenis van ons polisie, verdediging en nasionale veiligheid Januarie 2014; Vol 5 Nr 1

Geluk!

Your national security history magazine without malice. malice. U nasionale veiligheidsgeskiedenistydskrif 1

sonder kwaadwilligheid. kwaadwilligheid. Om die verlede te bewaar sonder om in die verlede te leef. leef

To preserve the past without living the past.

WIE IS ONS? / WHO ARE WE? We are an informal group of police and defence veterans who would like to foster an interest in South Africa’s police, defence and national security history from 1652 with cut-off-date 1994; when the new South Africa came into being. We only tell and explain what we did; for we were the “on the spot” eyewitnesses! In fact we are the ones you saw in the news reels of the time following orders from parliament. However we have to debate the incidents because our memory is fallible as we grow older. In the terms of the day "we earned the T-shirt and right to tell our stories for you to enjoy with malice towards none." In the suburbs we see so many gardeners wearing those T-shirts! We all can learn from the past.

HBH

Anemari Jansen

Johan Jacobs

Ronnie Beyl

Lt-Col W Marshall

Adv Els

R.I.P. – Bruce Jones

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• The Editorial Team Editor: HB “Hennie” Heymans, MA (Brigadier, SAP & SSSC - Ret) Ass-Editor: J Jacobs (CPO SA Navy & Marines - Ret) SA Railway Police: Brig R Beyl Legal Advisor: Col Len Els, MMM, LLD, SC Special Correspondent: Anemarie Jansen (MA) Defence: Lt-Col W Marshall Technical: Bruce Jones – he sadly passed away on 9 Dec 2013. Our heartfelt condolences to his family.

• Skrywers van Rubrieke / Authors

Japie (Jakes) Erasmus

Bert ‘Gibba” Gerber

Kol Van Rensburg

Genl Westraat

LEGALITIES This publication is not intended to be a comprehensive review of all developments in policing/ national security or to cover all aspects of those referred to. Readers should take legal and other advice before applying the information contained in this publication to specific issues or transactions. The eNongqai contains various and sundry personal opinions of different correspondents and neither the compiler of eNongqai nor eNongqai will be held responsible for any of their comments which is entirely their own and not necessarily that of eNongqai or its publishers.

• To all future correspondents This condition must be placed at the end of your article: "The author of this article shall indemnify and hold harmless eNongqai and its publishers from any and all third-party claims, proceedings, actions, expenses, and damages (including attorney fees) in connection with a breach or alleged breach of the representations and warranties made in this article." This is not a literary magazine, but a magazine by and for veterans of the SA Security Forces; we want to capture the words and moods as written by our former veterans. 3

CONTENTS WIE IS ONS? / WHO ARE WE? ............................................................................................ 2 •

The Editorial Team ...................................................................................................... 3

Skrywers van Rubrieke / Authors ............................................................................. 3

LEGALITIES ............................................................................................................................ 3 •

To all future correspondents................................................................................... 3

WELCOME & GOOD WISHES / WELKOM & GOEIE WENSE ...................................... 7 OUR FRONT PAGE ................................................................................................................ 7 MOMENT OF SILENCE / OOMBLIK VAN STILTE ......................................................... 8 PERSONALIA VANAF 21 NOV TOT 04 JAN 2014: JOHAN JACOBS ......................... 9 •

Afsterwe ........................................................................................................................ 9

Siekboek......................................................................................................................... 9

Verjaarsdae.................................................................................................................. 10

Kennisgewings en reunies ........................................................................................ 10

Verlowings, huwelike & geboortes ......................................................................... 10

Allegaartjie .................................................................................................................. 11

WE WILL REMEMBER THEM / SAL ONS OU KENNISE OOIT VERGEET? ............ 12 •

In Memory: To all our friends in the former SA Forces - in honour of all our

fallen comrades! ................................................................................................................ 12 SA POLICE / SA POLISIE .................................................................................................... 17 •

‘n Bosstorie: Japie Erasmus ....................................................................................... 17

SAP-Afgetrede Lede: Jaareindfunksie: Skaap op die Spit: 30 Nov 2013 ............ 19

Opening van “Genl Johan Coetzee-polisiestasie” : Ryno Human ...................... 23

Memorial Tabloids Johannesburg Central: Brig David Botha............................. 26

Kol Makink [Wachthuis] en mev “Bets” Makink (Speurdiens) .......................... 28

My Pa die Polisieman: Lt-Kol MJJ van Rensburg (SALM) .................................. 29

Die hoogverraadsaak 1956: Maj Pieter Swanepoel ............................................... 31

South African Police Officer Memorial: Gerhard Engelbrecht, NZ.................... 32

Polisie-veteraan: Eddie Hall ..................................................................................... 33 4

Die Donkielong is stil ................................................................................................ 33

EENHEID 6 – HOOFSTUK 15 ............................................................................................. 34 •

“Dis donker daar buite...” deur Bert ‘Gibba” Gerber ........................................... 34

SA RAILWAYS POLICE / SA SPOORWEGPOLISIE....................................................... 43 •

Sondagkerk: Kaptein Thys du Plessis ..................................................................... 43

SA DEFENCE FORCE / SA WEERMAG ........................................................................... 45 •

Rememberance Day: Craig Pedersen ...................................................................... 45

SA Colours: Lt-Col William Marshall ..................................................................... 47

Die Rooi Telefoon ....................................................................................................... 47

Final Phasing out of the Impala MK I&II- South African Air Force ................... 50

NATIONAL SECURITY / NASIONALE VEILIGHEID .................................................. 53 •

No arrests in murder of ex-Rwanda spy chief ....................................................... 53

Problems facing Liberalism ...................................................................................... 54

A Point to Ponder ....................................................................................................... 54

Was pres Mandela ‘n Kommunis? ...................................................................................... 55 •

ANC suppresses real history to boost its claim to legitimacy ............................. 55

Precis en Vryvertaling ............................................................................................... 57

Kommentaar HBH ..................................................................................................... 58

MILITARY HISTORY / MILITÊRE GESKIEDENIS ......................................................... 58 •

Boere helde tydens die Anglo-Boere-Oorlog (Johan Jacobs) ............................... 58

Rapportryer JP (Jannie) Jacobs (1870 – 1960). ............................................................... 58 BOOKS / BOEKE ................................................................................................................... 61 •

Empires of the Dead .................................................................................................. 61

Unmaking of the torturer: Elaine Bing.................................................................... 63

Die SAW in die Grensoorlog .................................................................................... 63

Lothar Neethling – ‘n Lewe Vertel .......................................................................... 65

South African Mobile Watch: Paul Els .................................................................... 66

Discovering the Battlefields of the Anglo-Zulu War: K Gillings ........................ 67

'Mean Streets’ & ‘Rhodesia Special Air Service - The Men Speak’ ..................... 67 5

Dana Snyman.............................................................................................................. 68

MILITARIA / MEDALJES, UNIFORMS ENS ................................................................... 68 Sers Andre Steenkamp: Dewald Nel ....................................................................... 68

INTERNATIONAL FORCES / INTERNASIONALE MAGTE ....................................... 70 •

US Navy's Most Intimidating Creation Yet Just Hit The Water ......................... 70

Politie in België ........................................................................................................... 73

JMH Jewell MBE (RAF): Dave Holmes (BSAP) ..................................................... 75

A story in pictures you won't forget easily.... ........................................................ 76

NICE TO KNOW................................................................................................................... 80 •

Absolutely Fascinating Errors in judgment ........................................................... 80

Puns for those with a slightly higher IQ!................................................................ 82

Jean & Lydia van der Rul (België) ........................................................................... 84

Robert Maaswinkel (België)...................................................................................... 84

Johan en Dalene Giliomee......................................................................................... 85

Paul Els ........................................................................................................................ 85

Ook met dank, ondermeer, beste wense ontvang van: ........................................ 85

VERSOEK MBT INLIGTING EN FOTO’S........................................................................ 86 Gideon Lotz: Oos-Kaap ............................................................................................. 86

THE MARKET PLACE / DIE MARKPLEK ....................................................................... 86 Mont Blanc Pen: Laurette Jones ............................................................................... 86

OOR ‘N KOPPIE KOFFIE .................................................................................................... 87 Drie minute om! ......................................................................................................... 87

CONCLUSION / SLOT ........................................................................................................ 91 ‘n Nuwe Tye, nuwe Teikens? Teikens van die Tye? ............................................. 91

• •

Kontakbesonderhede ............................................................................................. 92

Annexure “A” /Bylaag “A”: The SA Military History Society: Cape Branch .............. 93 •

News Letter No 415 ................................................................................................... 93

Annexure “B” /Bylaag “B”: The SA Military History Society: Cape Branch.............. 101 •

News Letter No 416 ................................................................................................. 101 6

WELCOME & GOOD WISHES / WELKOM & GOEIE WENSE Allow me a word of welcome and a few Hier aan die begin van die nuwe jaar words here at the beginning of the year:

enkele woorde van dank:

Thank you for all your good wishes Baie dankie vir al die goeie wense during Christmas and the New Year. A ontvang hier oor Kersfees en Nuwe Jaar. wonderful and prosperous year to you ‘n Voorspoedige nuwe jaar aan u almal. all.

Ons het almal ‘n besige tyd agter die rug.

We all have been extremely busy. HBH HBH het opgetree as “polisie-adviseur” acted as “Police Advisor” for a historical in ‘n geskiedkundige film. Vir die doel film being shot in Southern Africa. For het hy Soweto, Johannesburg, Lanseria, this purpose he has been to Soweto, Natal en Ethiopië besoek. Johannesburg,

Lanseria,

Natal

and

Ethiopia.

Sy Moeder (93), sy hond en vriend Bruce Jones is die een na die ander oorlede.

His Mother, his dog and our friend Bruce Elke persoon verwerk sy pyn op sy eie Jones passed away, one after the other. manier. Each person suffers grief in his own particular way.

Agv ander take het ons egter nie tyd gehad om die Desember 2013 uitgawe uit

Due to other duties we did not have time te bring nie. Jammer daar is ook nog baie to bring out the December 2013 issue!

eposse om te lees – meer as 800.

OUR FRONT PAGE My pa, AO DJ Coetzee, tydens 'n medaljeparade te Karasburg in Februarie 1984. Saam met hom is die destydse AG van Suidwes, Danie Hough. Die persoon op die foto in die ry agter hulle, wat afkyk

grond

toe,

was

my

SB

te

Keetmanshoop, AO Toes Pretorius. Was 'n baie trots dag vir my, want ek en my pa was saam op die parade - beide in vol uniform – Dalene Steenkamp (SuidAfrikaanse Polisie – Afgetrede Lede.) 7

MOMENT OF SILENCE / OOMBLIK VAN STILTE

Twee ou strydrosse – genl Roy During en AO Jan van Wyk 2014 het aangebreek en wie weet wat alles vir ons voorlê? Die situasie in ons land die afgelope jaar het ons by tye onrustig gemaak – nie meer, ʼn gevoel van hartseer laat posvat. Maar dan was daar weer tye wat ʼn groot dankbaarheid jou omsluit het – dankbaarheid oor die vele kere dat die Here op soveel maniere in ons midde aanwesig was. En aan die begin van hierdie nuwe jaar wil ons laag voor ons Hemelse Vader buig en erken dat ons van Sy grenslose liefde en groot genade diep afhanklik is. En ons gebed is dat die Here ons as nasie sal help om in die nuwe jaar so veel mooi 8

moontlikhede wat in medemenslikheid opgesluit is, positief te ontwikkel en in Sy naam te ontplooi. Hand aan hand stap ons saam vorentoe in die wete dat die vryheid van ons volk nie in sy wette en howe lê nie, maar in elke man se hart! Aan al ons vriende en oud-kollegas en veral vir Hennie en almal wat bygedra het om eNongquai so ʼn groot sukses te maak, ʼn hartlike woord van dank en voorspoed vir die toekoms! Roy During: lt-genl Kaapstad

PERSONALIA VANAF 21 NOV TOT 04 JAN 2014: JOHAN JACOBS • Afsterwe Dit is met innige leedwese dat ons die We deeply regret to announce the deaths afsterwe van die volgende oudlede van of the following former members of the die Mag of die van ons vriende moet force or those of our fiends: aankondig: Sondag 01 Des: Kapt Herman Calitz, Bevelvoerder Veediefstal Eenheid Bethulie. Vanmiddag oorlede in 'n ongeluk net buit Bethullie. Maandag 02 Des: Kapt Spider Terblanche van Aliwal Noord is oorlede. Hy was ook verbonde aan Bethlehem Honde Eenheid as speurhondgeleider! Dinsdag 17 Des: George Ferreira wat gedurende die laat 70's sersant te Sundra SAP was, is oorlede aan 'n hartaanval. Donderdag 02 Jan: Kol Marius Visser – oud-SAP en SWAPOL lid - is vanoggend oolede. Vrydag 03 Jan: JJ (Koos) Rossouw 1956-07-15 tot 2014-01-03. Laaste standplaas : Upington Voertuigdiefstal-eenheid.

• Siekboek Ons wens die ondergenoemdes alle beterskap toe:

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Donderdag 05 Des: Vir julle wat vir genl. Erwin Dorffling en Stompie Mare van Pietersburg ken. Beide lede ly aan erge alzheimers. Genl. Dorffling1 is die week in ‘n kliniek in Naboomspruit en Stompie is al 3 maande in versorgingsoord in Pietersburg.

• Verjaarsdae Ons wens die volgende hartlik geluk: Donderdag 05 Des: Baie geluk aan kol. Dries Struwig, jare lank verbonde aan die veiligheidstak John Vorster en wat baie jare op die grens deurgebring het, in Caprivi, wat vandag verjaar. Vrydag 06 Des: Baie geluk aan genl. Johan Viktor wat vandag 84 word! Saterdag 14 Des: Dit is vandag Frans Diff de Villiers se herdenking van sy geboorte dag! Donderdag 19 Des: Koos Brits, baie geluk met jou verjaarsdag. hoop jy geniet 'n wonderlike dag in die teenwoordigheid van vriende en geliefdes. Vrydag 20 Des: Is Andre Saayman se verjaarsdag vandag! Saterday 21 Dec: Paul Du Preez reports : My father Harry Du Preez is celebrating his 84th birthday today. Saterdag 21 Des: Vandag is dit genl. Le Roux Stemmet en genl. George Fivaz se verjaardag. Woensdag 25 Des: Kol. Dennis (Dan) Mahoney, vroeer jare van veiligheid John Vorsterplein is vandag 84 jaar oud! Saterdag 04 Jan: Is Johan Du Toit Boning se verjaarsdag vandag!

• Kennisgewings en reunies Maandag 16 Des: Jan Blackie berig: Ons was 'n groot klomp veterane by die SAW en Koevoet gedenkmure vandag. Kapelaan het 'n diens gehou en daar is kranse gelê. Lekker om almal te sien en weer te ontmoet. Saluut almal.

Verlowings, huwelike & geboortes

Ons wens die volgende hartlik geluk: Lede sal genl (komm) Dorfling onthou – hy was gedurende die 1970’s ‘n TIN-instrukteur in die SAP Kollege – HBH.

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Saterdag 23 Nov: 'n Oud-lid, Oom Jorrie Jordaan voorheen van Rustenburg gaan vandag op 70jarige ouderdom weer in die huwelik tree! Donderdag 05 Des: Hugo Hannemann het vir die eerste keer oupa geword van ‘n seuntjie! Donderdag 05 Des: 'n Oudlid by name Eddie Wall (88) en sy vrou Anna (82) op 1 November 2013 hulle 65ste huweliks herdenking gevier het. Donderdag 19 Des: Johan Jacobs se 32 jarige huweliksherdenking met Jeanette Jacobs. Vrydag 20 Des: Robert Brand vier sy 33 ste huweliksherdenking met Tianni Brand!

• Allegaartjie Saturday 07 Dec: Paul Greyling comments: Today the Klerksdorp Branch of the Legion hosted their annual lunch for widows of our fallen hero's. Present was the National President, Lgr Godfrey Giles, National Secretary, Lgr Marietta Venter, NEC member Lgr Demitri Friend. Saterdag 07 Des: Jacques Greeff berig: Klaar gelees aan Moord en Roof van Albert Blake. Hy het die boek baie geniet. Lekker gewees om van bekendes te lees o.a Petro Heyneke en hy skat Jan Nortje wat hy reken is Tiny Nortje (help my reg). Ek beveel die boek aan vir die lesers op die blad. Saamgestel deur Johan Jacobs: Kontak besonderhede; selnr

0769287320/Epos=jhnjacobs65@gmail.com

GROETE TOT DIE VOLGENDE PERSONALIA

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WE WILL REMEMBER THEM / SAL ONS OU KENNISE OOIT VERGEET? It has been custom for readers of this magazine to drink a toast to “ABSENT FRIENDS” on sunset the last day of the year. Here are some of the photographs received from all over the world:

• In Memory: To all our friends in the former SA Forces - in honour of all our fallen comrades!

Daryl Phipson from Paradise Point, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Gerome Baker in the Gulf of Thailand. 12

•

Nick Cunningham from the Australian outback...feeling the arse end of a cyclone.

13

Pottie Potgieter at Port Edward, South Africa.

Johan Henning (SA Marines), Neels Malan (1st Parachute Batt) and Thomas Campari de Witt ( MI) at Nelspruit, South Africa.

Peter Cartwright from Seattle, USA. 14

Eric & Lynette Van de Venter with Johan & Jeanette Jacobs in Boksburg.

•

•

Clinton Agnew and friend from Warsaw, Poland.

From Sweden: Hi guys

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Here is a pic and a toast to the memory of fallen comrades and your efforts. My Swedish wife met me while I was still serving and supports the cause. All the best for 2014 from Stockholm Sweden Roger Summersett

Pottie Potgieter skryf: More Hennie Ek heg hierby twee foto’s aan wat gisteraand deur Sandy van my geneem as toe ek met sonsondergang 'n drankie gedrink het op ou vriende en kollegas wat nie meer met ons is nie; maar beslis nie vergeet is nie! Hulle sal vir ewig in ons gedagtes bly voort leef. Die foto is in my voor erf te Port Edward geneem en is die son agter die wolke agter my, besig om te sak.

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Weer eens 'n groot woord van dank aan jou en al die wat deel vorm van jou span met die publikasie van die eNonguai. Groot groete aan jou, en mag die nuwe jaar vir jou en jou geliefdes net die mooiste inhou. Pottie Potgieter. From the UK Wayne Hoeftmann, London, UK.

SA POLICE / SA POLISIE • ‘n Bosstorie: Japie Erasmus Naand oom Hennie, Geseënde Kersfees. Laat ek julle van ‘n ander avontuur in Ovamboland vertel. Eers dit. Party ouens beskou mos nie ‘kontak’ as ‘n avontuur nie. Natuurlik is dit ‘n avontuur. Van die ouens sien dit mos so, as hy nog kan dink : “O hel, nou wat nou…….” Ander geniet dit, en doen net wat ‘n man moet doen. Later in die kantien word gelag en gespot oor wie wat aangevang het toe die skietery begin. Dames, dames, daardie aand hoort geen vrou in die boskroeg nie. Taal en drank, dan is die manne, sal maar sê, bietjie rof van praat. Kom ek vertel hierdie een: Itali, die weermag-basis, het ons laat weet dat vyf van hulle Ovambo’s nog nie terug is nie. Hulle het vir ‘n naweek huis toe gegaan, en het na meer as ‘n week nog nie teruggekeer nie. Onthou, die Ovambo’s en dissipline was nog nie maats nie. Die witvelle het dit nog in hulle koppe probeer inkry. Hy het nie verstaaan wat is AWOL

17

en sulke dinge nie. Om sommer ‘n dag of twee weg te bly was vir hulle nie ernstig nie, maar na meer as ‘n week se wegbly beteken dit iets is iewers verkeerd. Itali het gesê sover hulle weet is een van die manne se stat in ons gebied, en al wat ons van hulle kon kry was die manne se name. Die ‘buddies’ van ons, het nie die ‘buddies’ wat weg is geken nie, en dit het beteken die wêreld waar ons moes soek was groot. (Die Ovambo soldate wat saam met SAP of Weermag gewerk het, is ‘Buddies’ genoem, hy was jou vennoot in die stryd teen terrorisme.) So het ons toe die bosse ingevaar. Net van stat tot stat gery, navrae gedoen, gevloek, en gesukkel. Die derde dag, ons was nog ‘n ent van die statjie af, toe kry mens daardie reuk... ‘n Dooie mens se reuk is ‘n lelike reuk, hoe meer dae, hoe erger die reuk. Dit trek sommer so in jou klere in. Al vyf die gesoekte buddies was daar. Vier was dood, en die vyfde een het teen skuins pale gelê wat moes dien as sy bed. Mens kan dit nie verstaan nie, maar ‘n stok-ou vrou, wie se stat dit was, het hom net daar versorg. Sy stap tussen die lyke deur, versorg hom, en dan gaan sit sy maar weer daar naby hom. Hoekom sy niemand die woord laat kry het nie, kan mens nie verstaan nie. Almal was kaal en al stokstyf opgeblaas. Uniforms, skoene, en gewere was deur die terroriste weggedra. Die gewonde een was ook kaal en nugter weet hoekom hy lewendig gelos is. Hy het net een skoot deur hom gehad. Onder sy regter knie. In my lewe het ek nog nie sulke groen op ‘n swart vel gesien nie. Die groen was al halfpad boontoe op die bo-been en sterk oppad voet toe. Gangerine. O magtag, maar daardie reuke. Met radio kon ons net reëlings tref vir casevac en het ons gewag vir ‘n helikopter. Die buddies was baie ongelukkig en hulle het inligting probeer kry. Seker al ding van betekenis wat die ou vrou hulle kon vertel, is; dat sy weet van ‘n stat in die rigting van Angola, waar terroriste slaap. Sal ek dit maar mooi stel, ‘n statjie met paar … prostitute. Toe wou die buddies eers ontplof. Dit was asof die terries hulle een voor was. Daar was nie keer aan die Buddies nie en die chopper het skaars gelig, toe is ons al oppad in die stat se rigting. Nou was dit doodsake. Gelukkig het ons die stat maklik gekry. Ons blankes het effens in sekere opsigte onttrek. Hierdie was meer ‘n ding vir die swartes. Terroriste sou in elk geval nie hierdie tyd van die dag in ‘n stat wees nie. Met ons aankoms by die stat, was daar reeds, as ek reg onthou, vier swart dames buite die kraal. Hulle het gedoen wat seker vir hulle ‘n dans was, sulke rondtrappery 18

daar in die stof. ‘n Groot nuwe radio het eenkant op ‘n stomp gestaan en blêr. Teen die droeë houte wat die kraal toegemaak het, het twee nuwe fietse gestaan. Ons het so skuins eenkant, weg van die ingang, half onder ‘n boom gestop. Die buddies het uitgespring, die ‘dames’ bestorm en begin slaan en skop en nog meer sulke rowwe dinge. Die radio is in stukke geskop, die fietse se speke is uitgeskop, en hulle het alles afgebreek, alles wat hulle kon. Ons was vyf blankes en het net gekyk, daar in die skaduwee by die Hippo bly sit. Een buddy het besluit die stat moet brand en het die houte vir die muur om die kraal aan die brand begin steek. Dit het sommer groot brandstigting begin word toe daar skielik mense deur die vlamme by die ingang uithardloop. Ses SWAPO’s. Hulle het ons seker al gesien toe hulle binne was en het met die uithardloop so vol bravade op ons begin skiet. Twee RPD’s en vier AK47’s. Ag wat. Ek het baie respek vir hulle skietgoed, dit is dalk die beste, maar hang ook af wie gebruik ‘n R1. Al wat hulle kon raaksiet was ‘n ……prostituut, dood. Ons het nie gewondes of verdagtes gevat nie. Sê maar die telling was 6/0. ‘n Paar dae in die veld het mooi en vinnig met die regte lawaai geëindig. Dames, dink nou aan daardie aand se gespot in die boskroeg. Jy weet, polisiemanne en prostitute. Dit is beter om net te dink en te glimlag.

• SAP-Afgetrede Lede: Jaareindfunksie: Skaap op die Spit: 30 Nov 2013 Saamgestel deur Johan Jacobs met foto’s deur Jeanette Jacobs

Na ‘n week van onweer, donderwolke, storms en hael hier aan Gauteng en die gevoel dat ek dalk die skaap op die spit moet uitstel weens die onweer word ons verras met heerlike sonskyn en mooi weer in Montana. Neelsie was reeds vroeg op die perseel om toe te sien dat die lapa skoon is terwyl ek en Pat die skaap om 08h00 gaan optel het. Die spitbraai was by 08h30 aangesteek. Hugo Hannemann het eerste opgedaag gevolg deur die ander gaste en toe begin die kuier en gesels van polisie-sake tot huidige politieke stand en KOMPOL’s! David 19

Botha het interessante staaltjies vertek van sy tyd as SB by John Vorster Plein en JP Swanepoel van sy tye in Sudan en in Malawie. Pine Pienaar was op sy stukke met grappe en kwinkslae. Die dames het ook lekker met mekaar gesels en ouder gewoonte het Neelsie Borea en Jeanette Jacobs stukke gekuier so deur Jeanette se foto sessies. Dankie Piet Kierie Fourie vir die donasie om die skaap aan te koop en te braai. Volgende jaar beplan ons met die samwwerking van Petra Swanepoel ‘n wegbreek naweek na ‘n vakansie-oord by die Vaalrivier. Ons gaan vroeg al reëling begin tref...so vriende/vriendinne maak julle self reg vir ‘n lekker opskop...selfs die wat vér bly is ook welkom...’watch this space’!

Die venue met sy dammetjie en lapa.

Die skaap op die spit en Pat Breedt die sjef.

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Piet ‘Kierie’ Fourie van Drie-Riviere en Hugo Hannemann van Pretoria.

Hugo kuier saam met die dames lnr Neelsie Bornea. Irene van Vuuren en Tina Jacobs. Regs sit Pine Pienaar en sy vrou Bets.

Daan en Pine se eggenotes Bets en Jakkie kuier lekker saam.

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Die sjef, Pat, geniet ook sy menu saam met Irene.

Daan van der Watt geniet ook die ete en ouma Tina Jacobs skep vir haar waatlemoen. [Sit nou net en dink aan Ou Daan se kostelike storie: “Kry die honde!” U sal maar moet wag vir ons Feesbundel om die kostelike verhaaltjie te lees – HBH.]

JP Swanepoel en David Botha met Pat Breedt.

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Jeanette Jacobs, die fotograaf, en Neelsie Borea.

Laat die middag is die skaap finaal gestroop: Hier geniet Abrie Grobler en sy vrou, Hanlie, asook Pine Pienaar die laaste stukkies vleis... Pat kyk toe dat hulle die vleis opeët!

• Opening van “Genl Johan Coetzee-polisiestasie” : Ryno Human Goeie Dag ‘n Jaar terug of so, vir u ‘n program van die opening van “Generaal Coetzee Polisie Stasie’ gestuur. Ek het so ruk terug die fotos van die opening ontdek en wil dit ook graag met u deel. Ryno Human

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Genl Johan Coetzee na aftrede in pak klere met hoed.

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Enige iemand wat gewonder het hoe mens die “Johan” in Johan Coetzee moet spel, kyk gerus na die generaal se naam op die muur. Oor die jare het verskeie mense sy naam as “JOHANN” in verskeie geskrifte aangegee. Nou wèèt ek ook hoe sy naam gespel moet word.

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•

Baie dankie Rynou!

• Memorial Tabloids Johannesburg Central: Brig David Botha

RIP: Illegible, illegible & Const CJ Veldsman

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RIP: Sgt N McLeod & Detective CA Mynott

Sgt R Mansfield & Sgt N McLeod

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RIP: Sgt George McInroy, Det/Const SJ Kruger, Const R G Holmes •

It is believed that the plaques were stolen – HBH.

• Kol Makink [Wachthuis] en mev “Bets” Makink (Speurdiens)

Onse redakteur het nou die dag lekker gesels met kol Makink voorheen van die SAP Biblioteek te Hoofkantoor. Bets het net so lekker gesels oor die “ou dae” toe sy nog ‘n tikster verbonde aan die speurdiens was. Ons sal eendag spesiaal ‘n besoek aan 28

die Makink’s bring en ‘n paar van die kostelike verhale vir die geskiedenis aanteken en vir ons lesers se kennisname publiseer. Bets was ook op ‘n stadium die befaamde genl “Suiker” Britz se persoonlike tikster. Kol Makink het my ‘n sakboekie gegee van ‘n offisier ene “Colin” Steyn. Ek het die “Colin” Steyn goedgeken, hy was eers konstabel te SAP Van Reenen en later offisier te Durban-Sentraal circa 1965. “Colin” wat gehakkel het, het later ‘n advokaat geword.

• My Pa die Polisieman: Lt-Kol MJJ van Rensburg (SALM) My pa die polisieman

Die konstabel van die Drakensberge, die wit Zulu van die Tugelarivier. Gestewel met leer en kamaste uit die tyd van negentien vyf en dertig. Sy perd neem hom oor die land sonder teerpaaie of voetpaaie. Oor sy kop kners die witbors kraaie, die ooste en die weste son was sy horlosie. Polisieman lewe in twee wêrelde. Die een is die khaki- bos van sonde, die ander God se skone natuur. Ja, sy beroep is in die boom van goed en kwaad. Hy lees die voetspore van misdaad, sien die saad van onreg soos doring draad. Is daar êrens vorentoe `n einde? Helaas nee, die groot Boek het dit so bepaal. Die winters betrag die Polisieman op sy perd en plak nog sneeu op die berge. Die somers is brandende drake. Wat vuur blaas oor die geel gras vlakte. Die blou berge lê soos `n konsertina, uitgerekte voue in die hellings van die kranse. Agter hulle sal hy die moordenaar vind want die konstabel is die Reg se kind. Die wetboek is dik en geduldig, die vraag is altyd, skuldig of onskuldig. Maar die Wet kan nie vergewe, 29

die prys moet betaal word om te lewe. In die tronke loseer armes en rykes, Hulle het geploeter in die akkers van onreg. Ongeregtigheid het nooit `n tekort aan dissipels, as een kom gaan die ander verpletterd weg. Misdaad voer misdaad soos kunsmis, `n wêreld plaag sonder insek-doder. Wanneer die klagstaat boeke vol is, Sal die Skepper die Groot Boek beredder. Misdaad is die parasiet van die eeue, wat sy saad in die paradys ontkiem het. Sy teelaarde het die mens besoedel. Sy slagoffers is grafstene van baie monumente. Polisieman kruip diep in die onder wêreld, dis `n donker plek sonder sterre en maan. Hier is `n eie regering van misdaad, `n braakland vir die konings van geweld. In die hof word die waarheid dun gestryk. Polisieman betwis sy saak in erns. Die regter sit op sy bank met sy wit pruik. Die prokureur vra net dertig silwer stukke. Die hof is `n atletiese stryd van woorde, dit word `n olimpiade van `n wettespel. In die woorde stryd word lig en donker, Hel. Vir wie word die kruis gelig? Die beskuldigde of die Dienaar. Drie en veertig jaar het onreg in sy kop gekolk. Brigadier se slaap word sy spook. Sy oë kyk nog deur die lewens rook. Daar is nie meer môres om te vertolk. Brigadier! Seun van die Drakensberge, wit Zulu van die Buffelsrivier en die Tugela. Vandag word jy geëer in die helde akker. Jy is so vry soos die wind oor die Tugela. Vlieg hoog met die Arende in jou romantiek. Laat die vleuels van jou perd jou neem na vrede. MJJ van RENSBURG, September 6, 2013.

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• Die hoogverraadsaak 1956: Maj Pieter Swanepoel So skryf oud-pres Mandela self oor die hoogverradsaak wat in 1956 begin het: “… Several police witnesses, especially Head Constable Truter, Sgt’s. Muller, Ngcai and Swanepoel (not the same as Colonel Swanepoel who in the 60s gained notoriety for his brutality as Security Branch police officer), gave a sober and balanced account of the policy of the ANC and its allies. They also agreed that our struggle was non-violent and that the violent speeches delivered by some of us did not express the policy of the organisation. The evidence of the defend witnesses on policy were even more sober and balanced than that of the police and a wealth of relevant material in this regard was placed before the court. In particular they emphasised the crucial fact that the principles set out in the Freedom Charter would be realised through non-violent means. The police had also seized from a collection of Marxist literature and notes I made from this material, especially from the Communist Manifesto and from the three volumes on dialectical materialism by Maurice Cornforth. In my evidence, I told the court that I was a nationalist who fought against all forms of national oppression and injustice, that I was opposed to the division of society into classes and was attracted by the idea of a classless society which I considered to be the core of Marxism. http://www.nelsonmandela.org/images/uploads/LWOM.pdf Page 292 •

Oom Swannie, ook destyds bekend as “Pietertjie” die korrespondent van die Nongqai in SWA, is een van ons “ou” vriende. Hy is ‘n skrywer van verskeie boeke en het afgetree as senior beampte by Nasionale Intelligensiediens. Hy en genl Johan Coetzee was troepmaats en het al hul eksamens so saam-saam deurgekom.

Die Bybel sê mos: “Jy mag geen valse getuienis teen jou naaste spreek nie.” Dis darem ‘n pluimpie as ‘n man ‘n goeie naam het. The Treason Trial was a trial in which 156 people, including Nelson Mandela, were arrested in a raid and accused of treason in South Africa in 1956. The main trial lasted until 1961, when all of the defendants were found not guilty. During the trials, Oliver Tambo left the country and was exiled2. Whilst in other European and African countries he started an organisation which helped bring

2

I don’t know if this fact is true. As far as I know we never “exiled” people - HBH

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publicity to the African National Congress's cause in South Africa. Some of the defendants were later convicted in the Rivonia Trial in 1964. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1956_Treason_Trial

• South African Police Officer Memorial: Gerhard Engelbrecht, NZ

Hello Brigadier Hennie The South African Police Officer Memorial is pleased to announce the Recorded Memorial Tribute that brings to you the stories of the brave officers of the South African Police who made the ultimate sacrifice for us. Uniquely recognize each donor at the end of every Tribute. These Tributes will be placed in the archives of the South African Police Officer Memorial and can be accessed by the Officer’s family, their unit/station collages and friends. Celebrate the lives of fallen heroes whose service and sacrifice is honoured at the South African Police Officer Memorial Page thus further enhancing the belief “It is not how these Officers died that made them heroes, it is how they lived.” Recorded tributes provide the unique opportunity for the donor (family, friends and collages) to personally connect with the families, community, agencies and the current Officers whose service and sacrifice every day makes our communities safer. Help tell the stories of our fallen South African Police officers. – visit http://www.southafricanpoliceofficersmemorial.com/help-memorial.html To read about " Beyond the call of Duty: These are the Untold stories....South African Police Officer bravery, courage and sacrifice. Remarkable untold stories of our Fallen Police officers - some of whom were off duty at the time - risking life and limb to stop criminals in their tracks or rescue members of the public from almost certain 32

death. :- visit http://www.southafricanpoliceofficersmemorial.com/stories-of-theirbravery.html Groete Gerhard http://www.southafricanpoliceofficersmemorial.com/

• Polisie-veteraan: Eddie Hall Brig Hennie, Ek het hierdie berig vandag in ons plaaslike koerant gekry. Dit is nogal interressant. Ek ken nie die Eddie Hall nie maar hy is blykbaar 'n oud-lid. Ek het sy adres opgespoor maar hy was nie tuis om my enige verdere inligting te gee nie. Ek sal so spoedig moontlik probeer om 'n onderhoud met hom te reël en jou van verdere inligting te voorsien. Ek dink dit kan wel in die eNonquai gebruik word. Die Redakteur van die Koerant het geen probleem dat ons die berig gebruik nie, solank ons net meld dat dit in die Klerksdorp Rekord geplaas was. Groete Paul Greyling Die berig is in PDF-formaat. Ek kan dit ongelukkig nie hier gebruik nie - HBH

• Die Donkielong is stil Die meeste van ons het seker 'n weduwee en weesfonds dans gereël of een bygewoon. Met so 'n geleentheid sou jy altyd probeer om die polisie se dansorkes vir die geleentheid te kry en dan was die spesifieke opdrag, sorg asseblief dat Manie Bodenstein en Hansie Roodt albei in die orkes moet wees. In die jare 80' was die polisie bevoorreg om die dienste van hierdie twee musiekmakers te kon hê. Dis dan met ‘n tikkie nostalgie en hartseer dat ons afskeid neem van Oom Manie Bodenstein wat op 17 Oktober 2013 oorlede is.Manie Bodenstein kan met reg die koning van die konsertina genoem word. Tot die musiekskat van boeremusiek het

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hy 'n groot hoeveelheid albums opgeneem en uitgegee. Benewens die konsertina het hy ook die mondfluitjie bespeel. Hy het reeds op 8 jarige leeftyd begin musiek maak. Hy is op 85 jarige ouderdom oorlede. Oom Manie het tot die musiekgeskiedenis van die Sa Polisie bygedra. Ons eer graag sy nagedagtenis Hennie Westraat: Lt-genl

EENHEID 6 – HOOFSTUK 15 Waarskuwing – Taal & Geweld

Hierdie hoofstuk is nie vir die “feint-hearted” bedoel nie. Indien u maklik ontstel word, moet asb nie verder lees nie: Gaan voort na ander berigte!

Hierdie hooftuk

word onveranderd geplaas. Hierdie is ‘n amateur geskiedkundige tydskrif vir veterane van ons veiligheidsmagte. Ons sienings en taalgebruik verskil. Let op die gebruik van die woord: Veiligheidspolisie. Daar was verskillende magte – daardie wat ons gedink het bestaan en daardie magte wat werklik op die grond, waar die têkkie op die teer klap, bestaan het! •

Hoe kan ons ooit behoorlik dankie sê? Ek weet nie ...

Ons is soveel, aan so min, verskuldig.

Saluut! HBH

• “Dis donker daar buite...” deur Bert ‘Gibba” Gerber Redigering: Anemari Jansen Foto`s: Bert Gerber en Anemari Jansen Dit is `n windstil en bitter koue nag. Winter en baie donker daar buite. Dit is die jaar 1987. Die res van die wit bevolking van Suid Afrika lê rustig in hulle warm beddens en slaap terwyl alle hel besig is om te woed in die townships. Die land brand maar die wit bevolking is nie regtig bewus van die werklike toedrag van sake 34

nie a.g.v. die Noodtoestand wat afgekondig is. Die pers is gekniehalter en kon gelukkig nie al die feite openbaar maak nie.

Ek was `n nat-agter-die-ore AO by Onluste-Eenheid 6, pas twee en twintig jaar oud, en in bevel van `n seksie jong polisiemanne besig om huispenetrasies uit te voer in een van die talle townships wat onder Eenheid 6 se beheer geval het. Dit was in samewerking met een van die Veiligheidspolisie-takke van die Oos Rand. Huispenetrasie in daardie dae was geen grappies nie, aangesien ons glad nie enige “high tech gadgets” gehad het wat ons as hulpmiddels kon gebruik het nie. Dit was jy, jou geloof, jou Berretta 9mm-pistool of `n opvou-kolf R1 of Berretta pompaksie haelgeweer, en as jy gelukkig was, `n Maglite 6-sel flits. Sjoe, so `n flits was iets besonders want die vervaardiger het beklemtoon dat dit sommer as `n “moering tool” ook gebruik kon word!! Negentig persent van al die lede het egter sulke “cheapie” flitse gehad wat gewoonlik net so een nag deurgemaak het. Dit het nooit

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as `n moering tool gewerk nie. Van “bullet proof vests” was daar nie sprake nie. Dié wat die eenheid gehad het, was lomp en baie swaar en definitief nie ideaal as jy vinnig moes beweeg nie. Is feitlik nooit gebruik nie (ek kyk met kwylende mond na al die TV-stories en dokkies oor die SWAT-spanne met al hulle high tech gadgets. As dit maar so was in daardie jare, het ons die vyand nog erger bloedbek gebliksem.) By party van die adresse wat ons besoek het was daar tot somtyds vyf tot ses wonings (shacks) wat deursoek moes word. Dan is ons letterlik so agt tot tien man sterk. Dit klink genoeg, maar `n man verdwyn of raak maklik soek in al die ontelbare stegies en gangetjies tussen die wooneenhede en/of shacks. Onthou - beligting en straatligte was daar nie, en as daar was, was dit maar skraps. Dit is dus pikdonker. sommer baie fokken donker!! Bangwees of enige huiwering kon tot die dood van `n makker lei. Vrees vir die onbekende het `n daaglikse metgesel geword. Ja, ek was baie kere skytbang gewees, maar die adrenalien het `n verslawende uitwerking op ons gehad. Sintuie word later so skerp soos `n luiperd wat in die nag sy prooi jag. Jy het later die lewenswyse van die bevolking in die township soos `n ensiklopedie gelees, en elke liewe geluid het `n storie vertel. `n AK-47 of Tokarevrondte hardloop soos warm mes deur botter deur so `n sinkstruktuurtjie. Skuilplek was daar maar bra min. Maar `n Groter Hand het ons beskerm en ek dink ons beskerm-engele het ook hare op hulle tande gehad. Daar was geringe beserings, maar in my tydperk by die Eenheid en op my “watch” het geen lid sy lewe verloor tydens enige huispenetrasie-insidente nie. Ons leermeesters, sers. Larry Hanton en maj. Hein Kilian het ons besonder goed vir ons taak voorberei. Ingeoefen en nogmaals ingeoefen.

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Soos reeds genoem was huispenetrasie nie vir sissies nie, want 100% van die tyd het jy glad nie geweet wat agter die volgende deur vir jou wag nie. Vra maar vir Pom Le Grange wat een aand pens en pootjies tussen `n man en sy vrou in die bed beland het toe hy `n binnedeur wou skouer: die deur was toe hoeka `n swaaideur soos in die kroeĂŤ van ouds. Die man het Pom met `n paar haastige houtjies bygedam. Chaos! As ek na `n fliek kyk en ek sien enige swaaideure, pak `n verwoede lagbui my beet.

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Die Veiligheidspolisie se inligting was maar baie keer hel suspect gewees. Maar dit was ons kos, ons was verslaaf daaraan. Adrenalien junkies. Omrede ons jong manne in die barrakke gebly het, was daar altyd op ons knoppies gedruk om sodanige huispenetrasies op `n baie kort kennisgewing te doen. Yesterday, ek wens ek was vergoed vir elke deur wat ek in my tyd by die Eenheid oopgehardloop of oopgeforseer het. As ek daardie “HIGH,” voordat jy deur `n deur beweeg het in die onbekende en stikdonkerte in, kon geblik het en dit verkoop het, was ek vandag `n multi –miljoener. Richard Branson se gat!! Wanneer die oomblik aanbreek, word die deur oopgeforseer en die penetrasie-span penetreer met spoed en soos `n goed geoliede masjien.“Vula, vula lemati!!” (maak oop die deur.) Pandemondium breek los. Bevele word uitgeskreeu en elke vertek word so gou as moontlik beset en beveilig. Die huisbewoners is vreesbevange en gaan onbedaarlik aan die skree en huil. Kru taal is aan die orde van die dag en `n Babelse verwarring heers vir `n wyle todat almal tot bedaring gebring word. Dan volg die Veiligheidspolisie se lede. Die ondervraging begin. “Obani kamu lak” (Wat is jou naam?) Waar`s jou ID? Die volledige deursoeking van die huis, vir enige verbode materiaal of vuurwapens en ammunisie, volg met militêre presisie. Met `n baie bekende en kontroversiële persoon se arrestasie was `n FI -Russiese handgranaat in die toilet se boonste spoelbak gevind!! Sal nooit vergeet van `n operasie saam Eugene de Kock se eenheid in Dayveyton, toe ek deel was van die huispenetrasie-span nie. Die huis is gepenetreer en weer eens het absolute chaos geheers. Kyk, Eugene de Kock het nie kak gevat nie.Op die stadium was hulle eenheid op soek na `n verdagte man vanuit Mosambiek wat met wapens sou smokkel. Ons is aangesê om die huis uiters noukeurig te deursoek. Was met deursoeking in die hoofslaapkamer besig toe ek `n pak komberse en duvets begin uitskud. Die volgende oomblik val `n Russiese F1-granaat met n dowwe geplof reg tussen my bene. Ek het gevries en kon net skree: “Granaat!” Groot Moans van Heerden was op daardie stadium saam met my in die kamer, met nog `n paar 38

lede wie se name my ontgaan het. Groot Moans het `n dubbelbed getrap dat dit behoorlik dubbel vou soos hy met `n vaart uit die kamer uitbeweeg het. `n Helse konsternasie om vier lede gelyktydig deur `n standaardgrootte deur te kry. Gelukkig vir my en my nasate was die veiligheidspen nog in die granaat. Dit kon baie lelik gewees het maar ons het later lekker gegiggel oor die voorval. Die reuke en geluide van so `n township sal my altyd bybly en tot vandag toe nog laat ou rioolwater my gedagtes terugflits na menige dae wat ek in die townships deurgebring het. Maar laat ek myself vir `n wyle bekendstel en `n bietjie meer vertel oor die werksaamhede van Eenheid 6 en enkele persone wat my pad gekruis het terwyl ek op die Eenheid gedien het. My naam is Bert Gerber, alias Gibba. Ek was `n sers. en toe `n baie jong adj.-off. wat onder die bevel van maj. Hein Kilian (later kolonel) gedien het. Onluste-eenheid 6 het eers bekendgestaan as Reaksie-eenheid 6. Hein Kilian was dan ook stigterslid en brein agter die Reaksie-eenheid. Dit was eers net `n eenheid met `n handjievol uitgesoekte lede, wat hoë-risiko arrestasies en deursoekings gedoen het. (`n Taakmag in die kleine.) Ons stasie-polisiemanne het altyd na hulle verwys as die Boomklim Squad! Die onluste-toestand in S.A. het so versleg gedurende die middel 80’s, dat `n groter eenheid met meer mannekrag nodig was om die talle townships aan die Oos Rand te polisieër. `n Magdom mense wat deur `n handjievol brawe, toegewyde en gedissiplineerde polisielede beheer is. Ek wens ek het in daardie jare `n video-kamera gehad waar ek kon afneem as daar so `n skare van tien- tot vyftien-duisend sterk in `n straat opbeweeg en ons is net twee of drie Casspirs met plus minus dertig man aan boord, wat die skare tegemoet moet gaan en uitmekaar moet dryf. As die skote klap laat spaander die mense, en die eerste ding wat agterbly is die skoene. Lyk dit soos `n uitverkoping by Shoe City. Skoene te kus en te keur. “Fokkit,” my hare staan weer eens orent soos `n Fox-terrier wat leeu sien. Onbeskryflik!! Maar ons het dit gedoen vir Volk en Vaderland, net om 39

deur die politici uitverkoop te word. Vir wat het Kallie van Zweel in my arms gesterf!!! Kallie van Zweel was `n baie groot vriend van my op die Eenheid. Hy het `n oorplasing na die Boksburg Speurtak gekry. Tydens woeste onluste en oproer in Tembisa het hy ook daar diens gaan verrig. Hy het die vlamme van `n Molotof Cocktail op `n polisieman se huis se stoep probeer blus. Sonder om seker te maak wie buite is, het die polisieman blindelings deur die voordeur gevuur. Kallie is drie keer getref. Weermag-medics het noodbehandeling op hom by die basis in Tembisa toegepas maar dit was tevergeefs. Die Alloutte-helikopter het reeds opgewarm om hom te casavac. Dis was donker daar buite... Hein Kilian het geglo: “`n gesonde liggaam huisves `n gesonde gees.” Van ledigheid op die Eenheid was daar nie sprake nie. Met behulp van sers. Baksteen Marais en sy broer Johan, het ons waarlik bakstene geskyt tydens ons PT-sessies. Hulle was fiksheid-bedonnerd! Wie van Eenheid 6 (beginjare) sal ooit die Duiwel-se-Tiet of die Bosbus vergeet? Ek laat dit maar aan julle ou manne oor om dit “stap-vir-stap te verduidelik “ aan al die Haasmanne wat daarna sal verneem. Ons Eenheid se rugbyspelers wat vir Oos-Rand Polisie rugby gespeel het was altyd die fiksste!! Hein se bynaam onder ons manne op die Eenheid was dan ook heel gepas “Rambo.” Hoe dan anders? Wie van die Eenheid se manne kan ooit sy geel Ford Sierra vergeet. Fanaties oor voertuie, dié is hy vandag nog! Hein Kilian het geen nonsens geduld nie, maar hy het sy Eenheid se manne deur dik en dun bygestaan. Soos genoem, Eenheid 6 was geleë in Dunnottar. Nie die stad van die toekoms nie en daarom moes ons dan baie kere ons eie vermaak reël, tot ergernis van die onmiddelike bewoners. Wie was die traangas-gooiers van Dunnottar Hotel? Hein Kilian het menige vure geblus. Kolonel moes eerder `n brandweerman geword het? Dissipline was nie onderhandelbaar nie. Amen! Ek dink 90% van die manne wat onder Hein Kilian se bevel gedien het, het die dissiplineaspek in sy of haar latere jare tot voordeel gebruik. Dankie!

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So kan ek `n paar manne wat saam my deel was van Eenheid 6, met deernis opnoem. Oorlede Swys Roux. Die lekkerste bier was `n Shebeen-bier. Ons het altyd van die ongewenste biere “Quarts” verwyder en as Swys so `n kouetjie gevat het het hy altyd gese: “`n Groot Man drink `n Groot Bier.” Casspir bestuurder par exellance. Oorlede AO Toit Wessels: `n Legende in sy eie tyd. Veral Katlehong met `n ysterhand regeer. Hoor hom nou nog - as die “paw-paw die fan strike” en dit gaan groot in die townships, sal hy altyd geskree het: “Jirre Menere, waar is nog ammunisie!!” Ek en my seksie het dan ook altyd gesorg dat ons op sy Casspir was want sy sneller-vinger het behoorlik gejeuk. Dries Smal. Wat `n voorreg om as flank agter hom, as stut, in die skrum te gesak het. Sien hom nou nog hardloop soos `n vlakhaas met sy groot lyf toe `n lid per ongeluk `n haelgeweer afgevuur het vanuit die Video-Eenheid se bussie, en die klomp lood hom in die sitvlak gepeper het. Hussain Bolt se moer. Weer eens chaos, maar tot groot vermaak van al die ander lede op die toneel. Lag mos altyd die lekkerste vir ander se teenspoed. Deon “Doeba” Doubell. Hy is De Vos, die man van Kamer 23. Altyd aan die scheme om vleis te braai en bier te drink. Niks snaaks as ons sommer so 3-4 keer per week vleis gebraai het nie. Barracks-braai moes deur almal in die barrakke een keer per maand bygewoon word. Verpligtend, geen verskonings is geduld nie. Dan is daar behoorlik gekuier en die koues het gevloei, goedgunstiglik geskenk deur een of ander Shebeen-eienaar. Dis dan hier waar al die onheil uitgebroei het. Gelukkig het daar nooit enige Harvard van die Lugmag se vliegskool op Dunnottar iets oorgekom tydens nagvlug-sessies nie. Het soms gelyk soos Bagdad se hemelruim toe Amerika Irak aangeval het. Ek dink die langste wat `n braai aangegaan het was drie dae. Vuur het aanhoudend gebrand en daar was genoeg kole om drie osse gaar te maak. Onthou die manne nog “Koppe, Koppe,” tydens so `n braai! Was `n ritueel gewees, as `n persoon dit sou skree moes almal na die persoon toe beweeg en met hulle 41

koppe teen mekaar `n kringetjie vorm. Dan is daar een of ander onverstaanbare wysheid kwytgeraak!! Ek en Doeba het dan ook `n hoender-boerdery by die Eenheid gehad, wat Rainbow Chickens sou laat skaamkry. Skenkings natuurlik met vergunning van die inwoners in die townships. Ek, Basie Lotz, Kallie van Zweel, Doeba en Swys Roux was die ‘manne’ van die barrakke. Ons woord was gewoonlik wet. Oorlede klein Dammies Booysen het van Brakpan af gekom en ek het hom die bynaam Damduiker gegee wat natuurlik Dammies sou word. Ek glo nie daar is baie wat sy regte naam geken het nie. Baie gewilde en pragtige seun gewees. Mal oor motorfietse en het dan ook verongeluk op een. Spoed was sy passie. Bez Bezuidenhout. `n Hart so groot soos n leeu s’n en nie `n bang haar op sy kop nie. `n Operator of note. Het hom graag aan my sy gehad wanneer ons situasies moes trotseer. Hy is nou `n uiters bekwame professionele jagter en leef sy passie ten volle uit. Ek kan ongelukkig nie almal by naam noem nie, hierdie is maar net enkele persone wat my pad op die Eenheid gekruis het. Julle almal was ysters en het op jong ouderdomme harde manne geword. Vrees, dood en verwoesting het ons daagliks gevolg. Ons Casspirs was ons huise en kastele waar ons somtyds tot twee en sewentig uur in moes opereer. Hierin is geslaap, geëet en geveg. Ons was daar in die voorste linies en het die township-geweld van die 80’s en 90’s eerstehands ondervind, terwyl die res van Suid Afrika se wit bevolking relatief veilig en met oogklappe deur die lewe gegaan het.

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Foto: Van links na regs is: Louis Pretorius, Stephen Barber, Jurie van Staden, Bert “Gibba” Gerber, Janine Coetzee en Hein Kilian – almal oud-SAP-lede van die voormalige Eenheid 6. Wat `n voorreg was dit nie gewees nie en as ek dit weer kon doen sou ek sonder om te skroom weer eens in die voorste linies geveg het met die manne van Eenheid 6 aan my sy. Ek salueer julle!!!

SA RAILWAYS POLICE / SA SPOORWEGPOLISIE • Sondagkerk: Kaptein Thys du Plessis Praat al weer nie van nou se tyd nie. Praat van vervloë se dae. Dit is die tyd gewees toe Kerk toe gaan ’n ernstige saak was. Nie soos vandag waar dit moeitevolle arbeid geword het om net aan te trek, wat te sê nog van Kerk toe gaan. Daardie tyd was dit ook ’n familie-ding gewees. Almal moes gaan. Geen uitsondering nie. Slegs die dood

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kon dit verhoed, maar dan moes jy maar nog steeds gaan nadat die dood jou ingehaal het. Dit was dan ook nog ernstige, statige mense wat soontoe gegaan het. Almal het spesiale gesigte gehad wat hulle moes Kerk toe dra. Elkeen het gelyk asof hy vir sy eie dood kom haal het. Geen glimlag, grynslag of grinnik nie. Selfs die kinders was die vrees van verdoemenis ingeboesem as hulle nie kan gedra nie. Die Kerk toe gaan het dan natuurlik vroeg oggend begin. Families was groot in daardie tyd. So is dit dan reeds ’n halwe dag se werk om agt kinders ordentlik te kry vir Kerk. Geen merk of kol. Die seuns in hul wit hempies en swart broekies met die rooi dasse. Lyk glad soos termometers in die depressie tyd. Die dogters soos engeltjies met hul wit rokkies uitgedos. Sulke ronde-rand hoedjies met rekkies onder die ken is die kroon van die uitrusting. As die kinders dan reg is, moet hulle op die ’verandah’ gaan sit en wag op die riempiesbank. Geen speel of mors nie. Bewaar jou as jou klere ’n merkie aan het. Pa en Ma sal dan daar in die binnekamer hulself dan regmaak. Die reuk van Vitalis in die hare en Old Spice op die wange dryf uit na buite waar die kinders sit en wag. Daar word nie geroer. Dan kom Ma uit op die stoep. Netjies. Handskoene aan en breërand-hoed op die kop. Nagemaakte pêrels met bypassende oorbelle wat spesiaal vir Sondae is. Die ligte reuk van Eau de Cologne hang om haar. Die hare is alles mooi ingewerk onder die hoed in met so ’n groot hoedespeld met pêrel-kop wat dit alles vashou. Nou staan al die kinders soos kuikens langs Ma. Almal is netjies, suiwer skoon vir die dag van Kerk. Dan kom Pa om die hoek met die groot trok met die tuisgemaakte dak van sinkplate. Lyk kompleet soos ’n plakkershut op wiele. Dieselfde trok wat deur die week skape vervoer moet na Pa-hulle se skapies na die Kerk vervoer. Baie versigtig word daar opgeklim in die trok en dan begin die aantog Kerk toe. Stof staan en oë knip en knyp teen die stof. Dan einde ten laaste kom die trok aan voor die Kerk. Pa draai die trok mooi om en trek met die agterbak tot binne in die hek van die Kerk. Dan moet die klomp skapies nou so in ’n ry afklim binne in die Kerk se werf in. Soos elke ander keer voor en daarna. Soveel voorbereiding om sprankelend skoon en netjies te wees om Kerk toe te gaan. Net om daar aan te kom vol stof en strepe. Het 44

naderhand in die kleinbrein begin dink: ‘Ons moet seker maar net netjies wees vir die vertrek slag’. Want skoon en netjies arriveer agter op ’n skaaptrok is nie werklik moontlik.

SA DEFENCE FORCE / SA WEERMAG • Rememberance Day: Craig Pedersen Morning Brigadier A poem I wrote a few years ago, perhaps it’s of interest to readers being November. Regards Craig: November 28, 2011 at 9:30pm

Remembrance Day 11/11/11

We did what we had to do,

“What is that flower there?”

we fought the best we could.

my young son said to me

Even though we fought,

I’ve seen you wear it year on year

in a fight few understood.

what is it supposed to be? So every year this time It’s called a poppy son,

on Poppy day you’ll see

it’s red and black and bright.

This very special flower

I wear it once a year -

it's - a reminder just for me

To remind me of a fight. “That sounds strange” he said

It helps me to remember,

and looked a little sad.

the friendships I once had

He’d never heard me speak of fights

the friends who never came back home.

to him I’m just his dad.

And yes, it makes me sad.

“Was it when you went to school

It’s more than just a flower it’s a special sign.

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did someone bully you?

It shows that I remember

I want to understand dad,

at this special time.

won’t you tell me who?” I sat beside him and tousled

The friends I had and have no more

his blonde hair.

- they died so we could live.

It’s not just one single fight

There is no greater gift

and yes son I was there.

a man could ever give.

It’s all the wars been fought

Because they gave, I can live

since many years ago.

and be here to be dad.

In places near and far

To stop just once a year

and some you’ll never go.

and remember the lives they never had.

For years we’ve fought in wars

“Dad can I have one too -

few we understand.

a poppy just like yours?

Yet what we do recall

To remember the brave men like you

is every single man.

who fought in all the wars?”

“Was it a long war dad, and for what did you fight?”

I’ll wear it once a year, I’ll wear it like you do-

I smiled and swallowed,

then I’ll remember too.

Yes, my boy, so you sleep tight at night.

I’ve never fought a war or even had a fight thanks to men like you.

We fought for peace - if that makes sense.

I dried a tear and looked at him,

To protect a way of life

I looked him in the eye.

and build a future hence.

My youngest son honoured me by thanking those who died.

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“Dad, who was on your side were their friends and others?”

I took my poppy carefully

They were my boy and really so much more -

and pinned it to his chest.

to me they were like brothers.

he smiled at me and said “I’ve got it dad – now you can have a rest. “

“Where are they dad, these brothers?

………

I’ve never seen or heard of them?”

And on this day, and at this time

A tear formed in my eye as memories flooded back,

as we stop and as we think.

some were still but boys not all became grown men.

Let’s raise a toast to those not here to join us for a drink.

War is hard my boy and not everyone comes home.

I thank them for what they did

It’s sad and hard to

that we may carry on.

come back home alone.

That I may live this day enjoying freedom with my son.

• SA Colours: Lt-Col William Marshall Our new website can be found at: http://mechinf.wix.com/sa-colours Greetings, William.

• Die Rooi Telefoon ‘n Staaltjie uit my vloot-dae deur Johan Jacobs In die Suid-Afrikaanse Vloot- en Mariniers het ek menigte mense teëgekom, snaakse karakters wat jou laat skater het en ander wat weer baie ernstig was. Veral somige

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dienspligtiges kon jou baie laat lag met van hulle kwinkslae en naïwiteit oor militêre lewe.

Mariniers borswapen Ek was in Walvisbaai aan ’n Mariniers eenheid verbonde en ons eenheids hoofkwartier was in die sogenaamde ‘bunker’ gehuisves. Die bunker was so ’n paar kilometers op die Rooikoppad uit en was ’n groot sand duin met ’n drie verdieping kompleks onder die duin in die grond, jeens die naam bunker! Ons eenheid was in die heel onderste verdieping net onder die operasionele vloer. Ek het ’n groot ruim kantoor gehad met ’n lekker lessenaar gerangskik in ’n T-formasie waarom ons altyd vergaderings gehou het. Op my lessenaar naas my Telkom-telefoon was ’n rooi telefoon wat nie gekoppel was nie en almal wat my kantoor besoek het, het altyd die telefoon beloer omdat dit rooi was. Ons ken moes die ‘rooi telefoon’ konsep wat ons altyd in die movies gesien het! Tot vandag weet ek nie waar daardie telefoon vandaan gekom het nie, die was maar net daar.

Die bunker soos dit vandag lyk: die ingang na die terrein met sy waghuis en ingang by die bunker self. Foto: Chris Engels Eendag kry ons ’n Staande Mag Baasseeman (korporaal) wat na ons eenheid verplaas is, hy was enkellopend en een van daardie droë snaakse ouens, die roomysteen-die-voorkop-outjie, julle ken mos daardie soort, hy was ook baie lief vir sy zol sigaretjie saans en elke oggend het hy gelyk asof hy in Walvisbaai se mis gestaan het, 48

vaag, dik en hangend. Hy was ook ‘n groot fliek-gogga en het baie van my rooi foon gehou en hom elke keer ‘ge-eyeball’. Eendag vra hy my: “Chief waar kry jy daardie foon, is mos net ‘high command’ wat sulke fone het” verwysing na die flieks waarin die President van die VSA ’n rooi foon konneksie na Moskou het. Hy het my menigmale daarna die selfde vraag gevra waarop ek hom eendag ernstig en met ’n geglimlag geantwoord het, “dit is my konneksie na Moskou toe, maar jy moet vir niemand vertel nie, want ek is besig met jou sekerheidsklaring en ek wil sien of jy ’n geheim kan hou.” Hy het so ’n ernstig trek oor sy mistige gesig gekry “regtig Chief!...nee Chief! Ek sal niemand vertel nie Chief...ek sweer ek sal niemand vertel nie.” Ek het diep binne my kliphard geskater van die lag en het die storie maar so gelos en elke keer as hy my besoek kyk hy met groot oë na die rooi foon terwyl ek geglimlag het oor my Moskou storie. Later kry ons woord dat verskeie oorseese ‘VIP’s ons gaan kom besoek en dat alles ‘ship shape’ moet lyk aangesien ons die eerste besoek punt gaan wees vir hulle toer vêrder op na die grens toe. Die Mariniers moes die voorbeeld van paraatheid. netheis en dissipline vir die hele SA Weermag stel. Ons Namacurra hawepatrollie bote was nie meer in ’n goeie grys verf kleur kondisie nie en ek wou dit oor laat verf vir dié besoek. Die stoor het nie meer ‘battleship grey’ verf in die stoor gehad nie en Simonstad het nie voorraad gehad nie.

Namacurra op hoë spoed ’n Week voor die groot besoek het ons nog nie verf nie en ek wil bakstene bollie van kwaadgeid. Ek het ’n Adjutant-Offisier kollega in Durban geken wat in bevel van die stoor was en hom op die Maandag ’n week vanaf die besoek genader vir hulp, ek was verheug om te hoor dat hy my met verf kon help, maar die vraag was hoe kry ons dit in Walvisbaai, dit is aan die ander kant van Suider-Afrika! Ek was bekend vir my organisasie vermoë en kon ys in die woestyn organiseer en binne ’n dag reël ek dat die verf vanaf Durban na Waterkloof lugmagbasis vlieg en die Donderdag na Walvisbaai. Woensdag kom kerm die baasseeman by my oor hy nie verf kan kry nie en skielik vlieg daar ’n stout gedagte by my op en ek gryp die 49

rooi foon en skakel...ek praat in ’n gebrabbel Engels: “Hallo is thats Moscow, please mag I speak to Admiraal Smirnofski, thas is Scorpion from Sud Afri navi”...ek hou so ’n rukkie aan “Admiraal good day, I em looking fo paint” en verduidelik aan hom my situasie terwyl die baasseeman rondtrippel van beangsgeid. Ek staan op agter my lessenaar en klap my hakke teen mekaar: “thank u Admiral I find submarine do not worry” en sit die foon neer. Die Baasseeman wou iets oorkom: “Chief was dit Moskou” blaas hy uit sy mond en vetterige gesig soos ’n ‘blaasoppie’ vis. “Môre kry ons verf, baie verf, die Russe het baie, hulle sal ’n duikboot stuur met die verf en ek sal dit gaan optel môre oggend baie vroeg,” sê ek vir hom. Ek wou ook iets oorkom van die grap en kon nie wag dat hy die kantoor verlaat sodat ek lekker kon lag nie. Donderdag oggend stuur ek een van my seksie-leiers om die verf op die lughawe te gaan haal en kon ons die bote Vrydag begin verf. Die Baasseeman was onder die indruk ek het die verf by die duikboot gaan haal en die seksie-leier is die dood voor oë gesweer as hy sou sê waar hy die verf gekry het. Maandag oggend toe die gaste arriveer is ons eenheid in ‘ship shape’ en was hulle baie beïndruk deur ons eenheid se paraatheid en ook die partytjie wat daarna gehou was. Die Baasseeman het nooit die waarheid gehoor nie en hy het daarna baie meer respek vir die rooi foon gehad. As ons vasgeval het met iets het hy na die rooi foon geloer asof om te sê: “Moskou help ons asb.” Ek wonder net waar daardie Baasseeman vandag is en sou hom graag die waarheid wou vertel het! En wraggies sonder dat ons vlootmanne iets daardie tyd geweet het, het ons werklik ‘n rooi-telefoon-spioen in Simonstad gehad! LEGAL NOTE: The author of this article shall indemnify and hold harmless eNONGQAI and its publishers from any and all third-party claims, proceedings, actions, expenses, and damages (including attorney fees) in connection with a breach or alleged breach of the representations and warranties made in this article.

• Final Phasing out of the Impala MK I&II- South African Air Force By CO Maryka Lynn (via J Jacobs)

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Impala’s MK I and II

After four decades of hard work the South African Air Force’s (SAAF’s) Impala MK I & MK IIs finally turned in their wings at their decommissioning parade at Air Force Base Hoedspruit. This occasion, on 30 November 2005, brought together those crews who, since the Impala’s inception in 1966, had the privilege of flying and maintaining this graceful aircraft. Seven Impalas, consisting of four MK I and three MK II aircraft, made full use of this last opportunity to show off their abilities. The seven pilots who had the privilege of flying this display were the Officer Commanding 85 Combat Flying School, Lt Col Koos “Rapier” Kieck, Maj Jaco “Weasel” Labuschagne, Maj Paul “Cruiser” Coetser, Capt Collin “Stingray” Sparke, Capt Catherine “Siren” Labuschagne, Capt Jacques “Panther” Mouton and Lt Lance “Lancelot” Mathebula.

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The display pilots The display started with a Delta formation fly-past and continued with a sequence of low-level aerobatic displays, a four-ship pitch and fan air-to-ground mock attack, two solo displays by “Weasel” and “Cruiser”, and a last Vic formation fly-past before breaking away to do their final landing on South African soil. After completing a combined shut-down of the Impala’s Bristol Siddeley Viper Turbojet engines, the pilots with their respective ground crew paid their last respects to this faithful aircraft and marched away. Earlier on the same day, Class 2 of 1968, including Lt Gen Gagiano (CAF), Maj Gen Labuschagne (GOC), Brig Gen Barker (OC AFB Makhado), Brig Gen Hartogh (Inspector General), Lt Col Kieck and Col du Toit (Navigator), who did their pupil pilot’s training on the Impala, also bid farewell to this aircraft with a last backseat sortie. During the early nineteen-sixties the Air Force embarked on a long-awaited programme of modernisation of its main equipment. It also saw the re-establishment of a South African aircraft industry – the Atlas Aircraft Corporation. The Italian Macchi MB-326 was the first aircraft to be manufactured under licence by this Corporation in Kempton Park. The Corporation recruited skilled aircraft workers from all over the world, including French, Dutch and British technicians, as well as Italians, Greeks, Germans, Poles, Yugoslavs, Czechs, Belgians, Americans, Canadians and South Africans. The 1968 October edition of the South African Panorama magazine described the factory metaphorically as a linguistic Tower of Babel, but without the confusion which characterised the Biblical story. “Notwithstanding the many nationalities, a spirit of cooperation is evident throughout the factory. The factory with all its manifold departments and sections, ranging from air-conditioned instrument laboratories to sizeable metal-pressing units runs as a single well-oiled combination.” Sixteen Impalas were imported from Italy, ready for assembly at AFB Ysterplaat. Delivery of the first of these (with tail number 476 and now known as an Impala MK I) was taken in November 1966. The official symbolic handing-over to the SAAF took place on 3 June 1966, with the dual-seater MK I (tail number 460). Since that day, 151 MK I (MB-326M) dual-seater and 100 MK II (MB-326KC) single-seater Impala aircraft have been manufactured, the last delivery being that of an MK II with tail number 1099 in 1982. The Impala aircraft has seen service as an ab initio trainer, a primary jet trainer and an operational light attack fighter. It also served from 1968 for almost three decades as the aircraft of the SAAF’s aerobatic team, the Silver Falcons. In all, the Impalas

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operated from 10 SAAF bases and both Regular Force and Reserve Force pilots flew this aircraft with great distinction in times of war and peace. Fourteen Impala MK IIs previously belonging to the SAAF will soon grace Brazilian skies. The Brazilian Air Force recently bought these aircraft together with their support components and are in the process of rebuilding the aircraft with the SAAF’s assistance. Even though the Impala will always be remembered with nostalgia and affection, this is the dawning of a new era in the SAAF, and the Hawk, which will now have very big shoes to fill, is awaited with great expectation and enthusiasm.

Mr A. Goncalves, aircraft

Mr R. May from England works

The official opening of the

worker from Portugal busy

on a new Impala's landing gear

factory on 24 Nov 1967

with a cockpit assembly

NATIONAL SECURITY / NASIONALE VEILIGHEID • No arrests in murder of ex-Rwanda spy chief 2014-01-05 14:42 Patrick Karegeya, Rwanda's former spy chief. (File, AP) Johannesburg - No arrests had been made by Sunday following the murder of former Rwandan spy chief Patrick Karegeya in Johannesburg, the Hawks said. "We have made satisfactory progress, No arrest has been made," Captain Paul Ramaloko said. Karegeya's body was found in a room in the Michelangelo Towers hotel in Maude Street, Sandton, on Wednesday afternoon. A bloodied towel and rope were found in the hotel room safe. "There is a possibility that he might have been strangled," Gauteng police spokesperson Lieutenant Colonel Katlego Mogale said on Thursday. Karegeya, 53, booked into the hotel on Sunday. He was the former head of Rwanda's external intelligence service and had been living in exile in South Africa for a number of years. On Friday, Mogale would neither confirm nor deny reports that security camera footage from the hotel formed part of the investigation. "It is police procedure, 53

where a crime was committed and CCTV footage of the scene exists, [for it] to be viewed by investigators," she said. - SAPA http://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/No-arrests-in-murder-of-ex-Rwandaspy-chief-20140105

• Problems facing Liberalism One of the greatest problems liberalism faces is its desperate shortage of adherents who recognize the brutal reality of an illiberal world, and who know that it is not possible to preserve freedom and everything that goes with it unless the defenders are as hard, single-minded and, when it becomes necessary, ruthless as our enemies - Bernard Levin in The Times.

• A Point to Ponder

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Was pres Mandela ‘n Kommunis? • ANC suppresses real history to boost its claim to legitimacy 03 Jan 2014 00:00 Stephen Ellis. The ANC's key statement of principles, the 1955 Freedom Charter, was written by white communists, writes Stephen Ellis.

"He who controls the past controls the future. He who controls the present controls the past." Recent events made me think of these words by George Orwell, the novelist who had such insight into the methods of totalitarian governments. Within hours of Nelson Mandela's death, the South African Communist Party (SACP) at last admitted what I and some other historians had discovered through patient research – namely, that Mandela was at the time of his arrest in 1962 a member not only of the party, but also of its central committee. It is astonishing that so many people lied about this for so long. Maybe the SACP's chieftains will now admit that the ANC's key statement of principles, the 1955 Freedom Charter, was written by white communists. The suppression of knowledge about South Africa's past goes far beyond these two examples. Three years ago, while I was researching my book External Mission, I was astonished to order files from a public archive and to find them empty. I asked the archivist what had happened. Some ANC heavies had taken away the papers, he told me.

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Many historians in South Africa have stories like this. The National Archives in Pretoria has become notorious for its inability to transmit public records for study. Various SACP and ANC archives mysteriously appear and then disappear. The Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory seems to have been active in suppressing public discussion. All of this matters because, as Orwell understood after experiencing communist manipulation during the Spanish Civil War, controlling the past is a vital technique of totalitarian government. Successive ANC governments have done everything to burnish the myth of the armed struggle, which was always more theatrical than real. The ANC insists that the South African Defence Force was smashed at the 1987-1988 battle of Cuito Cuanavale in Angola, when this is blatantly untrue. A generation of South Africans has been told that the ANC single-handedly brought about the downfall of apartheid, when the truth is that it was the work of many other actors in society, not to mention the ending of the Cold War. There is no space for the younger generation to learn about black consciousness. There is not even any room to debate apartheid properly, which has to be kept as a monolithic evil in contrast to which the ANC can underline its own claim to legitimacy. The point is to cut off the possibilities of clear thinking for anyone who wonders what sort of country South Africa really is and what sort of government it has. For these reasons, those South Africans who think "so what?" when they learn that Nelson Mandela was an SACP member are wrong. They need to understand that the armed struggle was originally the work of the SACP, decided at a conference in Emmarentia in December 1960 that was attended by just 25 people. Mandela was one of the few black people present. The ANC as an organisation in fact never voted in favour of armed struggle. Mandela was given the task of persuading the sceptical ANC president, Albert Luthuli, to accept the policy retrospectively. Luthuli refused, but he conceded that he could tolerate the military organisation Umkhonto weSizwe if it was entirely separate from the ANC. As the ANC's grip on historical memory loosens, rethinking the past becomes a politically explosive activity. I have lost count of the times that radical, angry young black South Africans have asked me why the transition from apartheid left so much of the country's wealth in the hands of whites. Many Afrikaners wonder how, from a position of strength and in control of a proudly undefeated defence force, the National Party managed to give so much away in such a short time. What was the real nature of the violence in the transitional period? If it wasn't all the work of a mysterious third force, where did it come from?

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Maybe the public humiliation of President Jacob Zuma by the crowd who booed him at Mandela's memorial service will be the starting point for the more extensive debates that are necessary if we are to see a more healthy politics emerge. "Officially invented history always prepares its own destruction," the late Frederik van Zyl Slabbert wrote. "The burden of the lie becomes too great to bear." This moment of truth may now be coming to South Africa. Stephen Ellis works at the Afrika-Studiecentrum, Leiden, the Netherlands. His book, External Mission: The ANC in Exile, 1960-1990, is published by Jonathan Ball. http://mg.co.za/article/2014-01-02-anc-suppresses-real-history-to-boost-its-claim-tolegitimacy • Precis en Vryvertaling Die las van die leuen in ons Suid-Afrikaanse geskiedenis word nou te groot om te dra. Suid-Afrika se oomblik van die waarheid breek nou aan. Binne enkele ure na oudpres Nelson Mandela se afsterwe, het die Suid-Afrikaanse Kommunistiese Party (SAKP) bevestig dat Mandela tydens sy inhegtenisneming gedurende 1962 nie net 'n lid van die SAKP was nie, maar ook lid van sy sentrale komitee. Ellis vind dit merkwaardig en opmerklik dat so baie mense vir so lank daaroor gelieg het. Die SAKP se leiers sal seker nou erken dat die ANC se belangrikste verklaring van beginsels, die (verbode) 1955 Freedom Charter, deur wit kommuniste opgestel is. Die ANC dring daarop aan dat die Suid-Afrikaanse Weermag tydens die 1987-1988 slag van Cuito Cuanavale in Angola verpletter is. Dit is blatant onwaar. 'n Generasie Suid-Afrikaners word wysgemaak dat die ANC eiehandig die ondergang van apartheid bewerkstellig het. Die waarheid is dat dit die werk van baie ander akteurs was, om nie te praat van die einde van die Koue Oorlog nie. Daar is geen ruimte vir die jonger geslag om te leer oor swart bewussyn. Daar is geen ruimte om apartheid behoorlik debatteer. Wat almal nodig het is om te verstaan dat die gewapende stryd oorspronklik die werk van die SAKP was. ‘n Besluit is by 'n konferensie te Emmarentia in Desember 1960 geneem, wat bygewoon is deur net 25 mense. Mandela was een van die min swart mense teenwoordig.

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Die ANC as 'n organisasie het in werklikheid nooit ten gunste van die gewapende stryd gestem nie. Mandela is die taak gegee om ‘n skeptiese ANC president, mnr Albert Luthuli3, oor te haal om die beleid terugwerkend aanvaar. Luthuli het geweier, maar hy het toegegee dat hy die militêre organisasie Umkhonto weSizwe kon duld slegs as dit was heeltemal apart van die ANC sou bestaan. Baie Afrikaners wonder hoe die Nasionale Party, vanuit 'n posisie van geweldige MAG terwyl in beheer van 'n trots onoorwonne weermag, daarin kon slaag om so veel weg te gee in so 'n kort tyd? Wat was die werklike aard van die geweld in die oorgang tydperk ? As dit nie was al die werk van 'n geheimsinnige derde mag, waar het dit vandaan gekom?

• Kommentaar HBH Die veiligheidstak het so baie keer beweer dat bepaalde mense kommuniste was. Hy wat beweer moet bewys! Die kommuniste het ondergronds opereer en dit was uiters moeilik en ‘n tydrowende proses om altyd stawende getuienis te kry vir die bewerings. Die bewerings was soms slegs op omstandigheidsgetuienis gegrond en na diepe studie van al die beskikbare feite. Ons het egter met die legkaart gesit – ons het die groter prentjie geken en gesien - maar ons moes sorgsaam en sorgvuldig al die verskillende deeltjies van die legkaart “invul”. [Na baie jare op die kommunistiese lessenaar is daar vandag nog baie vrae in my gemoed.] Ek dink daar was baie wat die spreekwoordelike net ontglip het. Die kommuniste was slim en uitgeslape mense. Ons was beskuldig dat ons ‘n kommunis onder elke bed en agter elke bos gesien het. Vandag lees ek ook hoe simpatiek die kommunis die Afrikaner, na die AngloBoereoorlog, gesind was. Verarmde en verpletterde Boere mans en –vroue is as werkers veral in die WWR uitgebuit. (Maar dis ‘n ander storie vir ‘n ander dag.)

MILITARY HISTORY / MILITÊRE GESKIEDENIS • Boere helde tydens die Anglo-Boere-Oorlog (Johan Jacobs) Rapportryer JP (Jannie) Jacobs (1870 – 1960). [Met vergunning van Afrikaner Boere Geskiedenis].

Albert Luthuli het die Nobelprys vir Vrede ontvang. Hy was ‘n Christen en iemand wat geweld afgesweer het – HBH. 3

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Mnr. J.D. du Plessis het dié merkwaardige verhaal oor Johannes Philippus (Jannie) Jacobs geskryf. Oom Jannie is op 24 September 1870 en net voor sy 90ste verjaardag op 19 September 1960 oorlede. Hy was van Koppie Alleen, Boshof. Hy was 'n pragtige Christen - 'n nederige mens wat die gebod van die liefde uitgeleef het en iemand vir wie 'n mens maklik lief geword het.

Hy is in die geveg by Graspan gewond en moes duidelik besef het wat op hom kon wag toe hy hom die oggend van dié gebeurtenis waarvan ek hieronder vertel, saam met sy vriend en mede-rapportryer in die waagstuk begewe het. Sy maat was 'n Van Zyl - ongelukkig het ek nie meer besonderhede van hom nie. 'n Mens wonder of dit koue staalharde vasberadenheid was en of dit roekelose waaghalsigheid was? Tog het hulle hul besluit met dood veragtende waaghalsigheid uitgevoer. Dit het só gebeur:

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Hulle was op 'n oggend iewers in die Suid-Vrystaat, naby Donkerpoort, met 'n rapport op pad na die kommando van genl. Koos de la Rey. Hulle het vooraf afgespreek dat as hulle met die rapport gevang word, waarvan elkeen 'n afskrif gehad het, hulle dit sou fyn kou. Toe hulle die oggend aan die westekant van 'n steil randjie wakker word, moes hulle tot hul groot ontnugtering ontdek dat hulle aan hul suide- en westekant deur 'n klomp Tommies bedreig word en dat hulle vir seker gevang sou word as hulle nie vinnig 'n plan sou maak om uit die omsingelingsbeweging te ontsnap nie. Die Tommies aan hul westekant het reeds geprobeer om hul ontsnaproete na die noorde af te sny. 'n Paar honderd tree voor hulle het 'n diep spoelsloot verbygeloop en hulle het gelukkig opgemerk dat daarin ook Engelse was.

Wat moes hulle doen? Hulle het besluit om op 'n stappie nader aan die sloot te ry en te maak of hulle nie van die vyand se teenwoordigheid in die sloot bewus was nie. Binne trefafstand sou hulle die perde met los teuels op volle vaart op die sloot afjaag en met die perde dwarsoor die sloot probeer spring . . . en dit het hulle gedoen. Oom Jannie se perd het los oor die sloot gespring. Hy kon net voel hoe sy perd met sy een agterpoot 'n stuk van die wal aftrap. . . maar hy het weggekom! Die gevaar was egter nie verby nie. 'n Paar Tommies het hom op hul perde agternagesit en hom probeer vang. Gelukkig was daar 'n klompie bome en hy het daartussen ingejaag, afgespring en terwyl hy dooierus oor 'n boomstam aangelĂŞ en korrel gevat het, het hy die voorste Tommie terwyl hy aangejaag gekom het bo van sy perd afgeskiet.

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Die Tommie se perd het op volle vaart aangehardloop gekom, natuurlik sonder sy ruiter. Oom Jannie se perd het gerunnik en die swart perd het langs sy perd kom staan. Die ander Tommies se moed het hulle begewe en hulle het omgevlieg en na die veiligheid van die sloot terug gevlug - onder Oom Jannie se dodelike geweervuur uit. Oom Jannie het die swart perd gevang en met altwee perde weggejaag. Watter lot het sy vriend Van Zyl getref? Sy perd het met sy borskas teen die sloot se wal beland en homself morsdood gespring. Ruiter en perd het tussen die Tommies geval. Vriend Van Zyl het die rapport fyngekou en as beloning vir sy dapperheid het die spul Engelse hom gruwelik geskop. Hy is gevang en het die oorlog in 'n krygsgevangenekamp oorleef. Oom Jannie het sy rapport veilig afgelewer en boonop die Tommie se swart perd aan De La Rey vir 30 goue ponde verkoop.

BOOKS / BOEKE • Empires of the Dead Empires of the Dead: How One Man’s Vision led to the Creation of WWI’s War Graves David Crane Collins via Ray Hattingh. The Spectator - Clip This Article Location 1194 | Added on Sunday, 17 November 13 06:19:24. 'Empires of the Dead: How One Man’s Vision led to the Creation of WWI’s War Graves', by David Crane. The Menin Gate Memorial at Ypres lists 54,389 missing. Ware was determined that every individual casualty should be honoured. Gavin Stamp Empires of the Dead: How One Man’s Vision led to the Creation of WWI’s War Graves David Crane Collins, pp.304, £16.99, ISBN: 9780007456659 We constantly need to be reminded that the consequence of war is death. In the case of the First World War it led to death and destruction on an inconceivably vast scale. To convey the enormity of what the industrialised slaughter that supposedly civilised governments unleashed between 1914 and 1918, film-makers like to pan the camera over a vast sea of white crosses. But if they do, that cemetery will probably be French or American. It will certainly not be British. The only cross in a cemetery maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission will be a free-standing one with a bronze sword attached, a rather ‘Onwards Christian Soldiers’ symbol designed by Reginald Blomfield. The graves themselves are marked by standard identical headstones, whether the body beneath (if identified) is that of an officer or private soldier, whether Anglican or Catholic, Jewish, Muslim or Hindu. That the 61

misused and squandered casualties of what certainly was a world war received such a dignified treatment in death was unprecedented (there are no cemeteries filled with the thousands who died at Waterloo) and, in the British empire, was largely the creation of one extraordinary man, Sir Fabian Ware. Appalled by the indifference of the military to what happened to soldiers after they were killed, Ware established the Graves Registration Unit within the Red Cross. In 1917 the Imperial War Graves Commission was founded which created the calm, elegant cemeteries which, as David Crane writes in this superb study, ‘along with the trenches — their mirror image and polar antithesis — are how most of us now see the first world war’. What is not generally appreciated is how many cemeteries there are: almost 1,000 along the line of the Western Front in Belgium and France, some very small, all carefully landscaped and planted. And they are elsewhere: in the mountains of North Italy, in Macedonia and Greece, Palestine and, of course, at Gallipoli. Nor were the ‘missing’ forgotten — the half-million men whose bodies were never found or identified. Ware’s desire to honour every individual casualty held, for their names were carved on a series of Memorials to the Missing. And these are deeply impressive — and impressively non-triumphalist — structures, mostly classical in style, for the IWGC employed distinguished architects — Blomfield, Sir Herbert Baker, Charles Holden, Sir Robert Lorimer, Sir John Burnet — and one genius who was instinctively in tune with Ware’s vision, Sir Edwin Lutyens. It was a colossal achievent. Rudyard Kipling (the Commission’s literary advisor) called it ‘The biggest single bit of work since any of the pharaohs — and they only worked in their own country.’ The story of the foundation and achievements of the War Graves Commission has been told before, but never so well or so perceptively. Crane brings out the complexities of Ware’s character, which owed much to his Plymouth Brethren background. Before the war, he had been the editor of the right-wing, imperialist Morning Post , and I had not fully grasped before how much Ware’s vision, almost his religion, was imperial, something encouraged by his time in South Africa as part of Milner’s kindergarten, where he absorbed ideas about Britain’s global destiny and ‘race patriotism’. Crane also brings out Ware’s brilliance as a diplomat, and his steely resolve, in successfully overcoming opposition to applying that vision to the treatment of the dead. For opposition there was: those, with the means to do it, who wanted to bring bodies home for private burial; those who wanted to raise their own headstones and monuments and those, in positions of authority — bishops, headmasters and the like — who wanted overt Christian symbolism in the British cemeteries. But Ware, like Lutyens, fully appreciated that men of all faiths (or none) had been flung into the conflict, and that all deserved equal honour. The irenic wisdom of Ware’s policy may be appreciated by visiting a French, German or American war cemetery, where lines of crosses are painfully interrupted by a Star of David or an Islamic archshaped stone. But Crane also brings out the paradoxes in Ware’s achievement: that his concern with individual casualties and democratic, non-sectarian equality of treatment required the assistance of the state that had been so cavalier with their lives; that ‘while the Commission served two masters, its first allegiance… was 62

always to the Empire and not to the bereaved relative.’ It is also painful to read how Ware’s (and others’) sincere belief that the war cemeteries were an irresistible argument for peace made him a prominent appeaser in the 1930s: ‘If the history of war graves teaches one lesson it is that while the “tongues of the dead” might say what they must, the living will hear what they want.’ David Crane writes that The man who made it possible for a country to come to terms with the unbearable debt it owed its dead is scarcely better known now than those whose graves only bear the inscription ‘Known unto God’. This is not quite true. Stephen Wyatt’s radio play about Fabian Ware: Memorials to the Missing was broadcast by the BBC in 2007 and won awards. And next year an English Heritage blue plaque will be unveiled on his London home.

• Unmaking of the torturer: Elaine Bing LAPA | October 31, 2013 | Kobo Edition (eBook) Three policemen tell the horrifying stories of what they had done during the apartheid years how, where and whom they had tortured. They don’t try to negate their part in the events and in fact have taken a great risk in telling their stories.

• Die SAW in die Grensoorlog Leopold Scholtz praat oor sy nuwe Grensoorlog-boek Deur Leopold Scholtz op 15 Julie 2013 Dr. Leopold Scholtz, buitelandse korrespondent van Media24 en vermaerde historikus, het sopas sy nuwe boek, Die SAW in die Grensoorlog 1966-1989, die lig laat sien. Eugene Brink, redakteur van die Groot Debat, het met hom gesels oor onder meer sy doel met die boek, die heilige koeie wat hy daarin probeer slag het en die kritiek wat hy te wagte kan wees.

EB: Wat het jou laat besluit om hierdie boek te skryf? En hoekom nou? 63

LS: Daar is verskriklik baie misverstande oor die oorlog. Vanuit die kant van Kuba, Swapo, die ANC (en selfs akademici wat van beter behoort te weet) kom ‘n stroom sienings wat nie anders nie as pure propaganda beskryf kan word. Onder ons eie mense hoor jy ook allerlei stories wat ver van die waarheid is. Ek het gedink die tyd het aangebreek, 25 jaar ná die oorlog, om die werklike verhaal te vertel. EB: Hoe het jy jou navorsing gedoen? Waarheen het jy oral gereis om onderhoude te voer en inligting in te samel? Watter primêre bronne het jy gebruik wat nuut is? LS: Ek het uitvoerig gebruik gemaak van argivale bronne in die Dokumentasiesentrum van die SANW. Dit gaan om memorandums, teleksboodskappe, verslae, vergaderingnotules, ensovoorts. Ek het verder telefoniese of e-posonderhoude met verskeie veterane, veral offisiere, gevoer. Daarby het ek byna alles wat op papier of die internet gepubliseer is, geraadpleeg. EB: Hoe het jy die boek aangepak? Tematies, chronologies, ens.? Hoekom het jy dit so gedoen? LS: Die boek is sowel tematies as chronologies. Ek begin chronologies met die voorgeskiedenis en Operasie Savannah, en volg dit dan tematies op met die ontwikkeling van ‘n nuwe strategie en operasionele doktrine. Daarna kom al die oorgrens-operasies tot 1984 chronologies aan die beurt, afgewissel met ‘n tematiese behandeling van die teeninsurgensie-oorlog in Suidwes self, die wel en wee van Swapo in ballingskap, en die rol van die rolspelers in die Angolese Burgeroorlog. Ten slotte word ek opnuut chronologies met Operasies Moduler, Hooper en Packer, asook die laaste Kubaanse bemoeienis. Ek het my maar eenvoudig deur die materiaal laat lei; dit het natuurlikerwys so geval. EB: Watter heilige koeie het geslag in hierdie boek? Hoe het jou Afrikaner-identiteit jou werk aan hierdie boek beïnvloed? LS: Veral twee heilige koeie word in die boek geslag, en ek weet ek gaan uit verskillende oorde daarvoor gelooi word. Die een is dat ek die destydse opponente se propaganda oor hoe goed en edel hulle was en hoe verderflik die nare, rassistiese Suid-Afrikaanse regering was, soos ‘n ballon deurprik. Ek laat my nie deur politieke korrektheid lei nie; slegs die feite soos hulle veral in die argivale bronne voorkom. Die tweede is die feit dat die strategiese leiding van die SAW in 1987-1988 op generaalsvlak nie goed was nie. Ek is trouens reeds hieroor gelooi. Maar ek is ‘n akademiese historikus wat op ‘n ongemaklike stoel sit. Ek kan my ook nie laat lei deur mense se strewe om goed in die geskiedenis te lei nie. As ek foute identifiseer, moet ek dit noem. 64

EB: Behoort Afrikaners skaam te wees oor die Grensoorlog se oorsake, aard en verloop? LS: Afrikaners hoef nie skaam te wees oor hul rol in die oorlog nie. My gevolgtrekking is dat die manne in uniform, objektief gesien, tyd gewen het om te keer dat Swapo en die ANC die mag deur die loop van ‘n geweer oorneem en ‘n kommunistiese diktatuur in Namibië en Suid-Afrika vestig. Hul historiese rol was om ons ‘n kans te gee om ‘n stabiele demokrasie in ons land te vestig. Dit het nie heeltemal geslaag nie, maar wel grotendeels. Ons het nou ten minste, om die Engels te gebruik, ‘n “fighting chance” (as ons net vir Zuma kan oorleef!). EB: Na jou mening, was hierdie oorlog geregverdig en nodig (brei dalk bietjie uit oor die internasionale dimensie van die oorlog)? Wie het die oorlog gewen en watter ander gevolgtrekkings kom na vore uit die boek? LS: Dit is nie my taak as historikus om te besluit of die oorlog geregverdig was nie. Ek kan wel die boustene lewer vir ander om gevolgtrekkings te bereik. Wat ek kan konstateer, is dat die manne in uniform help keer het dat Suid-Afrika vandag ‘n kommunistiese staat is. Dit is immers ‘n feit dat die USSR en Kuba daarop uit was om Namibië en Suid-Afrika oor te dra aan Swapo en die ANC, wat in dié tyd nie anders as kommunistiese organisasies beskryf kan word nie. Of dit ‘n goeie ding is, is vir ander om oor te besluit. http://maroelamedia.co.za/blog/die-groot-debat/leopold-scholtz-praat-oor-sy-nuwegrensoorlog-boek/ •

Kommentaar: Ingeligte lesers sal ‘n klein foutjie raaklees reg aan die begin mbt die slag van Ongulambashe (26 Augustus 1966.)

• Lothar Neethling – ‘n Lewe Vertel Dié storie is ook belangrik vir SA: 2014-01-04 22:50

Marinus Wiechers Lothar Neethling – ’n lewe vertel deur Annette Jordaan. Uitgewer: Litera. Prys: R250. Resensent: Marinus Wiechers. Ek het die boek dadelik deurgelees omdat Lothar Neethling so bekend vir my was as vriend van my broers en die meeste van sy vriende, Thys Pieterse, Koos Smit, Dieter Oosterhof. Lothar se ma was in ’n stadium ons Afrikaansonderwyseres. Dit was die jare vyftig, ons jeugjare, die jare van onskuld. 65

’n Mens kan die biografie, geskryf deur sy (aangenome) suster Annette Jordaan, op twee maniere lees, vir eers as die merkwaardige geskiedenis van ’n Duitse wesie wat in sy nuwe vaderland en met nuwe ouers, ’n skitterende akademiese en beroepsloopbaan voltooi het as hoof van die forensiese afdeling. Dis in die eerste plek ’n familieverhaal wat soos ’n goeie roman opbou na ’n dramatiese hoogtepunt – die hofsaak en die lastereis en die Waarheids-enVersoeningskommissie. Lothar Neethling – ’n lewe vertel is die storie van die polisie se slim en gewilde forensiese deskundige wat sy naam verdedig teen bewerings dat hy middels voorsien het om mense aan die slaap te maak of te vermoor. Hy wen uiteindelik die saak oor “die ergste naamskending denkbaar”, maar sy openbare beeld is geknou en vrae en opvattings bly tot ná sy dood spook, met pynlike gevolge vir sy naasbestaandes. Die boek bestryk die laaste jare van sy siekte en verswakking. Die geskiedenis van die Neethling-familie is hier met sorg en liefde opgeteken. Tweedens is die boek ’n geskiedenis van bewoë tye in ons geskiedenis, die Bosoorlog, onluste, Vlakplaas. Dit is uiters noodsaaklik dat die soort verhale oorvertel word, want dit is die enigste manier hoe ons met die geskiedenis sal kan lewe – soos die Duitsers sê, “eine Uberwaltigung der Vergangenheit”, met verwysing na die verwerking van hul grusame verlede. Met enkele uitsonderings (Magnus Malan, Jannie Geldenhuys) is boeke oor dié tyd gewoonlik deur “strugglers” geskryf en daar is min boeke wat die hoofspelers se persoonlike lewe, oortuigings en worstelinge so simpatiek vertel. Maar die boek is geen hagiografie nie, eerder die eerlike weergawe van ’n historiese gegewe wat met groot simpatie en liefde vertel is. Sonder ’n bewuste goedpratery. Prof. Marinus Wiechers is ’n regskenner. http://www.rapport.co.za/Boeke/Nuus/Diestorie-is-ook-belangrik-vir-SA-20140103

• South African Mobile Watch: Paul Els “In the late 1950’s two military units were established to assist in any national emergency or natural disaster. In the short period of the existence of these units, they assisted in a number of such requirements, which included suppressing uprisings, building bridges, supplying water and transporting sheep”. The book is A5 in size; 130 pages and has 190 photos. The book is available from Groep 7 Publishers at R130. Their e-mail address is epos@groep7.co.za and cell number is 082 4490 574”.

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• Discovering the Battlefields of the Anglo-Zulu War: K Gillings Ken Gillings (R250.00 + shipping) Paperback / 256 pages ISBN: 978-1-920143-90-9 100 b/w illustrations, 20 maps (via William Marshall)

Interest in KwaZulu-Natal’s battlefields – especially those of the Anglo-Zulu War – has soared since the film Zulu first screened in 1964, followed by Zulu Dawn in 1979 (the centenary of the Anglo-Zulu War). During the centenary, the famous battlefields of Isandlwana and Rorke’s Drift were made ‘tourist-friendly’ by the then Natal Provincial Administration and controls were put in place by the heritage authorities to prevent relics from being plundered. Supported by effective marketing from the Battlefield Route Association and the KwaZulu-Natal Provincial Tourism Authority, the battlefields have become a must-see. Indeed, Rorke’s Drift has become a tourist icon. Specialist battlefield guides have been trained and are considered to be among the best in the world. New hotels and lodges have been built with battlefield tourism resulting in the creation of an estimated 7,500 permanent jobs in what is termed the Battlefield Region. There are, of course, many more Anglo-Zulu War sites to be seen: Discovering the Battlefields will enable visitors to find them and to read an account that is not too lengthy yet has sufficient content to bring it to life. GPS co-ordinates will enable those wishing to undertake a journey of exploration. The book is also a useful training manual for prospective battlefield guides. Above all, however, the author shares his knowledge gleaned from over 50 years of researching the Anglo-Zulu War. He has blended first-hand accounts passed on from participants on both sides to subsequent generations with official or newly-researched information that has become available in recent years. It is written in a style that is neither technical nor dramatic, is extensively illustrated with photographs of personalities and places and includes comprehensive maps of all the battle sites.

• 'Mean Streets’ & ‘Rhodesia Special Air Service - The Men Speak’ Dear K, 67

Just read 'Mean Streets' enjoyed it as I relate to a lot of what you describe. Am reading the ‘Egg Breakers’. Unfortunately I could not download some of your other books. Also finished reading Rhodesia Special Air Service - The Men Speak, to me was fascinating, as I was on the 'other side' as you might know, in Mozambique Security Forces, actually as liaison officer with SAP Security Police, my counterpart, at the time Major Hennie Heymans, a very good friend that along the years of official contacts, and private ones, become good friends and truly respected each other, the first Police Commissioner I met when we started liaison was Gen Visser4, J. Coetzee was then brig and head of SAP Security Police, code name we gave him (out of respect) was 'the Fox'. My email is .... Send me yours, it is a much private way to keep in touch.

C

• Dana Snyman “In Dana se nuutste boek het hy 'n mooi storie oor treine en die mense wat daarop gewerk het.” Hennie Westraat. •

Kort en kragtig van die “nag-sersant” in Hermanus, dankie, genl.

MILITARIA / MEDALJES, UNIFORMS ENS • Sers Andre Steenkamp: Dewald Nel More Hennie, Hoop alles gaan nog goed daar by julle. Ek het so ‘n paar vragies op twee verskillende onderwerpe wat jy ook dalk interessant mag vind: 1. Ek glo die eerste aangehegde foto is van ‘n treindrywer se hoedwapen toe dit nog die Suid-Afrikaanse Spoorwee en Hawens was, maar ek is nie 100% seker of ek reg is nie. Die embleem in die middel glo ek was die van Spoornet en ek neem aan dat “Hawens” waarskynlik ‘n anker of so iets gehad het en SAL die bekende

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Lt-Gen Kobus Visser – then Head of the CID – HBH.

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springbok? Ek glo die kenteken se voorganger was die kenteken in die tweede aanhangsel, maar ek weet nie wanneer dit vervang is nie. 2. Die derde foto is van ‘n groep medaljes wat ‘n vriend van my onlangs aangeskaf het. Ek het reeds die sitaat van sersant Andre Steenkamp in die boek Gallantry Awards of the South African Police deur Terence King gekry, maar ek het gehoop jy mag dalk meer inligting oor die sers Steenkamp hê? Enige hulp sal baie waardeur word. Groete / Best regards Dewald Nel

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Antwoord: HBH 1. SAS &H se “laaste” kenteken, op die pet deur spoorwegmanne gedra. 2. Die oorspronklike SAS & H kenteken gedra deur uniformpersoneel van die SAS. 3. Ons vra ons lesers vir meer inligting oor sers Steenkamp.

INTERNATIONAL FORCES / INTERNASIONALE MAGTE • US Navy's Most Intimidating Creation Yet Just Hit The Water Received from Tubby Myburg The US Navy just put its newest destroyer, the USS Zumwalt, into the sea. Constructed by General Dynamics with weapons systems and software from other companies, the Zumwalt "DDG-1000" Guided Missile Destroyer is like the iPhone 6 of naval ships.

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Its "tumblehome" hull avoids enemy radar while composite armour absorbs it, advanced weaponry strikes from more than 100 miles offshore, Linux-based networking in the bridge allows for purchase and implementation of off-the-shelf software, and an all-electric drive system keeps her purring quietly like a well-fed tiger. Lucky for America's rivals, at about 87 percent completion, the Zumwalt is not quite ready to start making the rest of the globe flinch yet.

The USS Zumwalt hit the water Oct. 29 and is due to start patrolling by 2014. The Zumwalt was originally estimated to cost about $3.8 billion, but so much technology was crammed onboard that its cost has nearly doubled, and after the first three are built, production will stop. With all the new weapons systems the Navy wants aboard the Zumwalt, planners installed a power plant that could provide power to 78,000 homes (around 78 megawatts). Such power could enable the first uses of the Navy's magnetic rail gun project, which combines magnetic currents and electric fields to fire projectiles at 7 times the speed of sound. Computers and automation have reduced the crew to bare bones 158. (By comparison, the USS Barry Arleigh-Burke Class requires 210 sailors.) Sean Gallagher of Arstechnica referred to the Linux-powered Bridge as a "floating data centre" and wrote that it was akin to the bridge on Star Trek's Starship Enterprise.

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On the outside, the USS Zumwalt not only looks cool (rule #1), but it's a full 100 feet longer than existing classes of destroyer. According to the Navy's press release, "The shape of the superstructure and the arrangement of its antennas significantly reduce the ship's radar cross section, making the ship less visible to enemy radar at sea." The hull of the ship is made of a composite material which effectively absorbs radar waves. Construction of the ship required General Dynamics to build a special $40 million "Ultra Hall" to hold the pieces. The Zumwalt's weaponry is tailored for land attack and close-to-coast dominance and will also have a sensor and weapons suite optimized for littoral warfare and for network-centric warfare.

BAE Systems Land and Armaments developed the ship's advanced gun system (AGS), which will be able to fire advanced munitions and the Zumwalt Class vessels have two landing spots for helicopters. Zumwalt has a peripheral vertical launch system (PVLS), which consists of 20 fourcell PVLS situated round the perimeter of the deck. The ship also has space for two medium-lift helicopter systems. And finally, the new Long Range Attack Projectile (LRAP) — The DDG 1000 will be armed with tactical tomahawks, standard missile 72

SM-3s, and the evolved Sea Sparrow missile. With the "tumblehome" hull reducing drag and radar detection, along with such advanced weapons, it's like the Zumwalt is the Navy SEAL of ships — always operating under cover of night, a ninja of the sea.

• Politie in België Beste Brig. Hennie Heymans, Johan Victor las dit artikel op de website van HLN.be en dacht dat het jou zou interesseren: "Brigadier, Meegaande artikel ter inligting. Die polisie hier trek ook maar swaar ,'n Mens sou dit nie by 'n eerste wêreld land verwag nie. Groete uit België. Johan Victor" http://www.hln.be/hln/nl/957/Binnenland/article/detail/1757604/2013/12/13/Brandwe er-en-politie-raken-slaags-op-betoging.dhtml UPDATE Een duizendtal actievoerende brandweermannen hebben deze voormiddag aan de Wetstraat in Brussel in een kortstondige confrontatie de politie natgespoten met water en schuim. De verhitte gemoederen bedaarden snel en de actievoerders beperkten zich vervolgens tot het bezetten van de straat in afwachting van het overleg tussen een brandweerdelegatie en minister van Binnenlandse Zaken Joëlle Milquet (CdH).

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Hoe lui die woorde van die Gilbert & Sullivan liedjie? When constabulary duty's to be done (to be done) Ah, take one consideration with another (with another) A policeman's lot is not a happy one 74

Ahhh When constabulary duty's to be done, to be done, A policeman's lot is not a happy one5

• JMH Jewell MBE (RAF): Dave Holmes (BSAP) Hi Hennie! Life is full of minor histories. Just fyi, JMH Jewell was my Godfather, my Dad’s best friend. Regards Dave From: Dave Holmes Sent: 06 November 2013 12:09 PM To: 'Thomas Holmes'; 'Richard Parker'; Subject: JMH Jewell MBE (RAF) He was known as Mark Jewell, went to Kingswood College and was my Dad’s best friend. Apparently they were inseparable. He was awarded the MBE (Military) for exploits with the Italian Partisans after being shot down in Italy whilst flying a Spitfire. He died in Durban after the war from lung complications (Pulmonary embolism) from which he suffered after being shot down again, after his escape from Italy, this time in a high-altitude de Havilland Mosquito, which de-pressurised when it was hit by flak over Berlin. I have his MBE. Before all of this, he was my Godfather, who of course I never knew. His cricket history is tabled here; http://www.espncricinfo.com/england/content/player/15695.html Dad and Dave

Dear Dave,

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http://lyricsplayground.com/alpha/songs/p/policemanssong.shtml

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Please send us a pic of his MBE and other medals. I have published your e-mail as we have an ex-colleague doing a book on South Africans in the SAAF & RAF. He might find this snippet of information interesting. HBH

• A story in pictures you won't forget easily.... Focus on the man in the first two picture . . .it’s him throughout the series below. . . God bless him!

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If he is a hero...........She is an angel.

If you care to offer the smallest token of recognition and appreciation for our armed forces, please remember our men and women who have served and are currently serving our country. And remember those who have given the ultimate sacrifice for freedom.

NICE TO KNOW • Absolutely Fascinating Errors in judgment Received from Barry Taylor

''The Bomb will never go off; I speak as an expert in explosives." - - Admiral William Leahy, US Atomic Bomb Project "There is no likelihood man can ever tap the power of the atom." -- Robert Millikan, Nobel Prize in Physics, 1923 "Computers in the future may weigh no more than 1.5 tons." -- Popular Mechanics, forecasting the relentless march of science, 1949 "I think there is a world market for maybe five computers." -- Thomas Watson, chairman of IBM, 1943 "I have travelled the length and breadth of this country and talked with the best 80

people, and I can assure you that data processing is a fad that won't last out the year." -- The editor in charge of business books for Prentice Hall, 1957 "But what is it good for?" -- Engineer at the Advanced Computing Systems Division of IBM, 1968, commenting on the microchip. "640K ought to be enough for anybody." -- Bill Gates, 1981 This 'telephone' has too many shortcomings to be seriously considered as a means of communication. The device is inherently of no value to us" -- Western Union internal memo, 1876. "The wireless music box has no imaginable commercial value. Who would pay for a message sent to nobody in particular?" -- David Sarnoff's associates in response to his urgings for investment in the radio in the 1920s. "The concept is interesting and well- formed, but in order to earn better than a 'C,' the idea must be feasible" -- A Yale University management professor in response to Fred Smith's paper proposing reliable overnight delivery service. (Smith went on to found Federal Express Corp.) "I'm just glad it'll be Clark Gable who's falling on his face and not Gary Cooper" -- Gary Cooper on his decision not to take the leading role in "Gone with the Wind." "We don't like their sound, and guitar music is on the way out" -- Decca Recording Co. rejecting the Beatles, 1962. "Heavier-than-air flying machines are impossible" -- Lord Kelvin, president, Royal Society, 1895. "If I had thought about it, I wouldn't have done the experiment. The literature was full of examples that said you can't do this" - - Spencer Silver on the work that led to the unique adhesives for 3-M "PostIt" Notepads "Drill for oil? You mean drill into the ground to try and find oil? You're crazy" -- Drillers who Edwin L. Drake tried to enlist to his project to drill for oil in 1859. 81

"Stocks have reached what looks like a permanently high plateau." - - Irving Fisher, Professor of Economics, Yale University, 1929. "Airplanes are interesting toys but of no military value." -- Marechal Ferdinand Foch, Prof of Strategy, Ecole Superieure de Guerre, France. "Everything that can be invented has been invented" -- Charles H. Duell, Commissioner, US Office of Patents, 1899. "The super computer is technologically impossible. It would take all of the water that flows over Niagara Falls to cool the heat generated by the number of vacuum tubes required." -- Professor of Electrical Engineering, New York University "I don't know what use any one could find for a machine that would make copies of documents. It certainly couldn't be a feasible business by itself." -- The head of IBM, refusing to back the idea, forcing the inventor to found Xerox. "The abdomen, the chest, and the brain will forever be shut from the intrusion of the wise and humane surgeon," -- Sir John Eric Ericksen, British surgeon, appointed Surgeon-Extraordinary to Queen Victoria 1873. And last but not least... "There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home." -- Ken Olson, president, chairman and founder of Digital Equipment Corp., 1977

• Puns for those with a slightly higher IQ! Received from Tubby Myburg Those who jump off a bridge in Paris are in Seine ... A man's home is his castle, in a manner of speaking. Dijon vu - the same mustard as before. Practice safe eating - always use condiments. Shotgun wedding - A case of wife or death. 82

A man needs a mistress just to break the monogamy. A hangover is the wrath of grapes. Dancing cheek-to-cheek is really a form of floor play. Does the name Pavlov ring a bell? Condoms should be used on every conceivable occasion. Reading while sunbathing makes you well red. When two egotists meet, it's an I for an I. A bicycle can't stand on its own because it is two tired. What's the definition of a will? (It's a dead giveaway.) Time flies like an arrow. Fruit flies like a banana. In democracy your vote counts - In feudalism your count votes. She was engaged to a boyfriend with a wooden leg but broke it off. A chicken crossing the road is poultry in motion. If you don't pay your exorcist, you get repossessed With her marriage, he got a new name and a dress. The man who fell into an upholstery machine is fully recovered. You feel stuck with your debt if you can't budge it. Local Area Network in Australia - the LAN down under. Every calendar's days are numbered. A lot of money is tainted - Taint yours and taint mine. A boiled egg in the morning is hard to beat. 83

He had a photographic memory that was never developed. A midget fortune-teller who escapes from prison is a small medium at large. Once you've seen one shopping centre - You've seen a mall. Bakers trade bread recipes on a knead-to-know basis.. Santa's helpers are subordinate clauses. Acupuncture is a jab well done. LETTERS / BRIEWE

• Jean & Lydia van der Rul (België) Liefste allemaal, Prettige feesten aan al onze Zuid-Afrikaanse vrienden. Voor 2014 een jaar vol vreugde en vooral in goede gezondheid. Van Lydia en Jean (België).

• Robert Maaswinkel (België)

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• Johan en Dalene Giliomee Liewe Familie en Vriende,

Mag die vrede en vreugde van hierdie feestyd met julle wees, vir nou, en in die jaar wat voorlê. Alles van die mooiste vir 2014. Liefdegroete,

Johan en Dalene

• Paul Els TO ALL THAT MENT SO MUCH TO ME IN 2013 - I WISH YOU ALL THE BEST FOR 2014.

You made a difference to my life in your support and believe in me. May our friendship grow more and more in the coming year. Remember to bow your heads to the sunset tonight for those who cannot share it with us.

• Ook met dank, ondermeer, beste wense ontvang van: Genl en mev JV van der Merwe Gideon Serfontein: Bond van Oud-polisiebeamptes Brig Stan Gillham Genl JAP Burger Genl Martin Nel Ger en Jos Sevink Willie & Marietjie du Plessis

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VERSOEK MBT INLIGTING EN FOTO’S • Gideon Lotz: Oos-Kaap Help asb: 1. Gedurende 1976/7/8 het 5 SAP-lede oor brug geloop by die Victoriawaterval terwyl hulle grensdiens gedoen het. Wat het met hulle gebeur? 2. Kan iemand my help met foto’s van die “London bomaanval op die ANC se kantoor”?

THE MARKET PLACE / DIE MARKPLEK • Mont Blanc Pen: Laurette Jones

Goeie Middag Hennie, Baie dankie vir jou hulp indien jy iemand kry wat belangstel sal ek dit opreg waardeer die penne retail gewoonlik vir R1500 maar ek sal tussen R600 en R800 86

aanvaar ek het die geldjie nodig en ek het reeds een. Opreg dankie. Lekker aandjie vir jou en Petro en ‘n wonderlike week wat voorlê. Groete, Laurette Jones.

OOR ‘N KOPPIE KOFFIE • Drie minute om! Die laaste drie maande van 2013 het met rasse skrede verby gesnel. Hoe ouer ek word hoe vinniger gaan die tyd verby! Ek wou nog die lente en sy somer geniet toe is die jaar al verby. Swem? Nie eenmaal geswem nie! Maar die swembad is egter “reg vir inspeksie”. Ons staan nou amper in Februarie 2014. Maar ek het tyd afgeknyp om na die rose te ruik! Verby, man, heel te maal verby – soos die tyd op ‘n parkeermeter of toe ons nog deur die sentrale langafstand oproepe gemaak. U onthou nog daardie stemmetjie: “Drie minute om”. Ja dis amper soos die valdeur by die galg. Tyd wag vir niemand nie! Hy volg sy eie vasgestelde ritmiese gang. Ek het verlede jaar redelik hard gewerk aan verskeie skryfsels. Voorts het ek skrywers gehelp met navorsing vir hul boeke, het ook in 2013 verskeie doktorale studente met navorsing gehelp en die korrekte inligting vir ‘n fliek bekom. [Ek het al voorheen met flieks gehelp maar dit was op ‘n baie lae profiel.] Ek vind egter: Hoe meer ek mense help; hoe meer help ek daardeur myself. Daardie soort hulp dra by tot mens se eie ontwikkeling en insig. Ja, daar is tans ‘n verskriklike versugting na kennis. Ek onthou altyd die woorde van genl Johan van der Merwe tydens ‘n DK-konferensie te Ladybrand: “Jul meetsnoere moet ‘billik, eerlik en regverdig’ wees”. En so gaan dit ook met ons ‘polisiegeskiedenis’. Die waarheid is soos ‘n leeu. Sodra jy hom het uit sy kuil losgelaat, kan hy vir hom self sorg. Wees eerlik oor die geskiedenis. Ons ou SAP het deurlopend reusewerk gelewer mbt ons taak en funksies soos omskryf in die polisiewet, Wet 7 van 1958. Ons het min tyd vir nabetragting gehad en vir oefeninge. Ons is maar elke keer in die diepkant ingegooi en moes dan swem om te keer dat ons verdrink. Maar

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niemand het gesê dit sal maklik wees nie. Ons het oorleef. Ons wou maar net dien en beskerm ... Die Beskikker van ons Lewenslot het ons geroep vir diè taak. En soos gesê dit was geen maklike taak nie. Ons is ook gevolglik met die swaard van gesag bekleë. Ons het oor vreeslike wye magte beskik. Dit was ‘n vreeslike gewigtige taak (en soms ‘n gewetenssaak.) Soms baie moeilik. Dink maar daaroor na: -

‘n Hartchirurg studeer etlike jare voordat hy iemand kan opereer; en

-

‘n Regter is darem ‘n eers gesoute regsman voordat hy iemand lewenslank tronk toe stuur.

Eendag wanneer ons voor die Finale Regbank moet verskyn sal ons finaal rekenskap moet gee van ons dade, selfs daardie dade (of versuime) wat ons amptelik verrig het. Ek dink die Almagtige gaan ook na ons gesindheid kyk toe ons ons take uitgevoer het. ‘n Konstabel het maar slegs ses maande basiese opleiding nodig en mits die omstandighede dit regmatig regverdig dan kan hy sommer ‘wild en wakker’ onder die moordenaars begin skiet... sommer outematies, instinktief tree hy op want hy is immers goed opgelei. Tog maak ons ook foute! Soms tree iets in en ons luister na daardie stemmetjie in ons binne-oor en dan tree ons nie op nie. Ek onthou goed, tydens ‘n dolle-vaart agtervolging, hoe ek op ‘n dief aangelê het – dit sou ‘n kopskoot wees. Toe bêre ek maar my rewolwer ‘vir ‘n ander dag’ en ‘vir ander omstandighede’ en hy ontvlug met sy buit die digte bosse in. Tog iemand wat geen kwalifikasies nodig het vir sy werk, is die politikus, die gewone LV. Slegs die nakoming van sekere basiese vereistes is nodig voordat jy deel van die wetgewer kan word. Dit is die ou wat die wette maak en die ou wat jou indirek betaal. Ek het ook heelwat rondgetoer vanjaar. Was twee maal per trein na Durban. Was op ‘n lang en stadige reistog na Kaapstad en het dan teruggevleig. Was ook per vliegtuig na Durban, Addis Ababa en Lilongwe. Meer as 60 jaar gelede as seuntjie het ek ‘n dogtertjie in ons straat leer ken. Vandag woon sy in Amerika en ons het na baie jare mekaar weer ontmoet en gesels ons soms per epos. So het ek meeste van my skoolvriende opgespoor en vind dit oulik om met mense soos Paul Wolfaart en Attie Labuschagne, wat saam met my in Gr 1 (1952) was, weer te ontmoet. My ou skool vriendinnetjie van Std 5 ook weer raakgeloop. 88

Hierdie jaar op 13 Januarie sal dit 50 jaar gelede wees dat ons die eed van getrouheid afgelê het aan die mense van Suid-Afrika. Saam met ons in die kollege was Johan Visage. Genl Tienie Cronje het net na my in die ry gestaan. Daar was ook in ons troep Leon Wessels en Paul Eilers wat onderskeidelik politkus (minister)

en

filmpersoonlikheid geword het. Dit was ‘n voorreg om in die SAP Kollege te gewees het. Ons opleiding was deurgans goed. Ek sou, sonder om te spog, sê dit was van wêreldgehalte. Ons het die aanslag wat teen ons gevoer was, deurgans op alle vlakke bekamp. Ons was alom teenwoordig en sigbaar. Dit is jammer dat die polisie vandag nie meer voetpatrollie stap nie. Daar is steeds plek vir Bobbies op rondtediens. Praat van dissipline? Bring dril terug na stasies en distrikte (clusters). Niks is beter vir disspline as dril nie. ‘n Man wat gedril is, ken van bevele uitvoer. Ek onthou nog van die instrukteurs. Maj Solomon – amper blind – by die tale afdeling wat gesê het: “A policeman is not above the law, but subject to the law like any other citizen.” Daar was ‘n rits van “helde” in die kollege – kol Daantjie Maritz, maj Vingers Snyman, AO Bokkie Breedt, sers Tulleken, sers Kraai Lesch en tientalle ander legendes en Springbokke! Ja, op wetenskaplike vlak het ons ook goed gevaar; ons het veral met rasseskrede, na die aanstelling van dr Lothar Neethling, vooruit gegaan. Ons Casspir is nog ‘n sukses verhaal. Ons het goeie toerusting, goeie uitrusting en goeie opleiding ondergaan. Dit het vir alle takke gegeld: uniform, veiligheid, intelligensie, TIN, speur en krimtak. Wat die polisie se beeld betref het die afdeling openbare betrekkinge reuse werk verrig om ons te bemark. Ons berede afdeling, veral tydens die opening van die parlement, het ook die kalklig gesteel. Ons onluste-eenheid en ons spesiale taakmag was uit die boonste rakke. Moet nie al die propaganda glo nie! Ek het gevind dat die waarheid altyd seëvier! Ek sluit die 50 jaar af met politici wat my beindruk het: Adv CR Swart, adv BJ Vorster en mnr Adriaan Vlok. Ons kommissarisse was oor die algemeen goed – die Voorsienigheid het bepaal dat ons die regte kommissaris in elke tydsgewrig gekry het. Genl Keevy en genl Joubert het my as jong man geweldig beindruk en toe later mense soos genl Mike Geldenhuys, genl Johan Coetzee, genl Hennie de Witt en ons 89

laaste kommissaris, genl Johan van der Merwe. Manne wat uit een stuk gekap is, manne wat rotsvas – en kern gesond - met albei bene vas op die grond kon staan. Mens moet leiers hê waarna mens kan opsien. Dis Sondagaand, genl Mike Geldenhuys ons doyen skakel, ons

gesels oor die

resensie van die boek wat oor genl Lothar Neethling in Rapport verskyn het. Na sy aansluiting in die vroeë 1940’s lê die Mag nog na soveel jare nog na aan sy hart. Ek kyk terug op ‘n halfeeu – 50 glorie jare! Ja, daar was oomblikke van hartseer, skok en ontnugtering; maar oor die algemeen was dit goeie tye. Oor die algemeen het ons goeie manne met goeie inbors gehad. Die sterk punt van die polisie is sy spanwerk; sy situasionele leierskap en bron van ervaring waaruit hy kan put. Die humor – ons was ook maar feilbare mense wat onomkeerbare foute gemaak het. Foute soms met dodelike gevolge; maar tog snaaks! Wat het my die meeste beindruk? Die die polisie op voetsoolvlak. Ek sou sê die wyse-gryse swart senior konstabels wat ons almal “polisiewerk” geleer het en ons sersante van destyds

wat “alles geweet het.” En tog wil ek ‘n lansie vir ons

generaals breek: Ja ons het goeie polisiegeneraals gehad. (Ja, daar was ook baie “goeie” offisiere wat nie generaalsrang bekleë het nie, mense soos brig CC von Keyserlingk en baie ander.) Wat hou die toekoms in? Ek weet glad nie. Daar is net te min tyd, te min tyd vir lees, vir my seël- en munt versameling; vir my model treine en vir my boeke- en dokumentversameling. Te min tyd vir navorsing en skryf. Ek het ‘n fink sekretaresse en grafiese kunstenaar nodig. Ek bly besig; maar oefen te min! My nuwejaarsvoorneme is om meer te skryf en minder gesellig te wees; want die tyd is so min! Maar bovenal, bly mens plat op die grond, neem tyd om na die rose te ruik en waardeer die skepping in al sy vorme. Die beste goed is altyd gratis! Bly weg van twisgieriges en meng met mense wat jou ophef en waardeer. Meng met mense wat jou liefhet met al jou gebreke en jou aanvaar soos jy is! ‘n Lekker dop met ‘n pel is goudwerd!

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CONCLUSION / SLOT Die e-Nongqai bevat die uiteenlopende en diverse persoonlike menings van verskillende korrespondente en die opsteller van e-Nongqai kan nie vir enige deel van die inhoud daarvan in sy persoonlike hoedanigheid verantwoordelik gehou word nie. The e-Nongqai contains various and sundry personal opinions of different correspondents and the compiler of e-Nongqai cannot be held responsible for any of their comments. Enige advertensies of enige sake voortspruitend is tussen u en die ander party. May our friendship never come apart, Especially when it's straight from the heart!

• ‘n Nuwe Tye, nuwe Teikens? Teikens van die Tye?

Dankie aan almal wat gehelp het om hierdie uitgawe ’n sukses te maak! Baie welkom aan ons nuwe lesers!

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Kontakbesonderhede / Contact details

Hennie Heymans: heymanshb@gmail.com [tel 012 329 4229] Johan Jacobs: jhnjacobs65@gmail.com Anemari Jansen: anemari@koorsboomcottage.co.za Ronnie Beyl: rbeyl@iburst.co.za William Marshall: mechinf@netactive.co.za Greetings – Groete Salute! Saluut! Hennie Heymans No 43630 © 2014

Onthou u nog die Unie van SA se kenteken?

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Annexure “A” /Bylaag Bylaag “A” “A”: The SA Military History Society: Cape Branch • News Letter No 415 With the kind permission of the Chairman, Johan van den Bergh

NEWSLETTER N0 4 415 – NOVEMBER 2013 SUMMARY OF THE LECTURE DATED 12 SEPTEMBER 2013 (NEWSLETTER NEWSLETTER NO 414) 414

Our speaker on 12 September 2013 was Major Helmoed Römer-Heitman who discussed the African military situation with a major emphasis on South Africa and its peacekeeping operations. Why this interest in Africa? We have vital interests an and d assets outside of our borders. We have the largest economy in Africa, with 21.7% of Africa’s GDP and the 28th biggest economy in the world, so we need to have a stable and prospering regional economy outside of South Africa’s borders to enable us to increase ease our business with the countries of sub sub-Saharan Africa. Our military involvement is in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Central African Republic and the South Sudan/ Darfur area, and with ships operating in the Mozambique Channel. One of the world’s most important shipping routes is round the Cape and there are vital oil and gas resources on both the African East and West coasts. If we are to be taken seriously by the rest of the world we need to be part of the peacekeeping activities in our continent. This is something our politicians have yet to learn – our forces are too small, the equipment and the support capabilities are just not adequate. The budget does not allow for peacekeeping operations in three or four countries at a time. The troops do their best and this best is often quite outstanding. The blame rests with the politicians who do not provide sufficient funds and expect expe miracles to be performed. We do not have enough suitable transport aircraft. Our C130’s are the oldest still operating in the world and cannot carry the equipment needed. The Airbus A400M would fit the bill but the SANDF’s order was cancelled and we had to hire Antonov 124 and Illyushin 76 aircraft to transport our troops and their equipment at great cost. The result of this lack of resources will be loss of lives as happened in the Central African Republic. Government must provide the tools and force numbers nu needed to carry out regional missions, if these are to be carried out successfully.

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Our troops in the Southern Sudan/Darfur area were at battalion strength, but without air support or armour. The opposition were Jangaweed, NLF and JEM rebels, well-armed and -trained and mounted in “technicals”.6 One of their raids started in Chad and crossed a large area to Omdurman, showing expertise in logistics. In skirmishes with these our troops did well. We have had a battalion in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where it is hilly and rugged, with dense indigenous forest and a thick cover of bush. Roads are few and far between and in very poor shape, as illustrated by our speaker. There are few paved airfields, most are just gravel strips which become swamps in heavy rain and there are no railways in most of the east. The government is attempting to stop rebellions in the east with little success as these are supported from outside the DRC. The quality of the various rebel groups varies from ill-disciplined rabble to welltrained, disciplined and heavily-armed armies. Our troops have done quite well but consist in the main of a battalion of infantry without armour or artillery. Air support is scanty, being mainly UN-seconded contingents from member countries. They are based at Goma, near Lake Kivu. Besides various rebellions, both internal and externally supported, there are further problems related to illegal mining and logging – some of these are also interwoven with the rebellions. Our most recent involvement has been in the Central African Republic. In December 2012 a rebellion started and the African Union got involved in trying to stabilize the situation. At the end of 2012, our government sent a training team to Bangui to train government troops while trying not be seen to be overtly supporting President Bozize of the CAR. There were also other African Union (AU) troops from Republic of Congo, Chad, Cameroon and Gabon, and some French troops with Armoured Personnel Carriers (APCs) and Infantry Combat Vehicles (ICVs) guarding the airport. It was then decided that we should send a force apparently to protect the training team. This consisted of a paratroop company and some Special Forces troops, armed with nothing heavier than 81mm mortars, a pair of 107mm rocket launchers and 12,7mm Heavy General-Purpose Machine-Guns (HGPMGs). Armour, artillery and air support were non-existent and transport consisted of Special Forces light airborne jeeps and some Gecko vehicles – the latter being a six-wheeled, all-terrain utility vehicle designed for logistical support in order to transport supplies and equipment from landing zones. The rebels broke the ceasefire and advanced rapidly on the capital Bangui. They were at first poorly armed but transported by trucks. Later they were more numerous and better armed and trained. There were more vehicles, radios and heavier weapons. Many of them were not CAR citizens. The local army was small and not very well trained. By March, Bangui was in danger. Our force was deployed north of the town with the Special Forces deployed furthest forward and the Para company with its machine guns and two 81 mm mortars in support. The Special Forces were outnumbered heavily and retired, only to run into an ambush. They fought their way through this and joined the main force, which carried out a fighting retreat to Police College which basically indefensible and there they made a stand, repelling the Seleka rebels with heavy losses. They eventually made their way back to the airport from which they and the 15 dead were flown back to South Africa. 6

A technical is a type of improvised fighting vehicle, typically a civilian or military non-combat vehicle, modified to provide an offensive capability similar to a military gun truck. It is usually an open-backed civilian pickup truck or four-wheel drive vehicle mounting a machine gun, light anti-aircraft gun, recoilless rifle, or other support weapon. [Wikipedia]

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The troops had done an excellent job and distinguished themselves. As usual, there was no air, artillery or armoured support. Efforts were made to send aircraft and helicopters up in support but, with the lack of suitable aircraft, to no avail. A disaster was avoided by the troops but political will was, as usual, not supported by any attempt to provide the means, even if the means were available. Our speaker compared this with what happened in Mali. During 2012 a rebellion started in that country and, by mid-2012, the north had fallen to the rebels. The conflict became a war between Islamists and Tuaregs and the war spread to the south. France, the previous colonial power, was asked for help. The rebels were well-equipped, not only with “technicals” but also with MRLs and APCs and 23mm guns. The French responded with forces flown in from France, using French Air Force C130’s and other aircraft. These were later supported by RAF, USAF and RCAF C17s and C130s from Belgium. Heavy equipment was moved by sea in French naval vessels to the Cote D’Ivoire and thence by road to Mali. France had some troops in West Africa and there was a force from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in place. A counter-offensive was launched by French, Malian and ECOWAS forces which was successful. This was supported by French Rafale and Mirage 2000 aircraft, operating first from France using FAF tankers and the from Bamako in Mali. The French used AMX10 armoured cars, APCs and selfpropelled artillery and had air support from Puma and Tiger helicopters. Rather different to or response in the Central African Republic! Our speaker then looked at the general military situation in Africa, showing us slides of the conflict areas. Only the southern end of Africa seems to be peaceful! There are a number of problems common to all African countries. The first of these is piracy on both the west and the east coasts. The Somali problem is spreading south to the Comores, Madagascar and Tanzania. The pirates are better equipped, using satellite navigation, fast skiffs, mother ships and modern communications and it is obvious that the pirates are being controlled from the Persian Gulf area or elsewhere. Even tourist beaches are no longer immune. Yachting in this area is becoming dangerous and navies are too weak to counter the problem. The same applies to the West Coast of Africa, with the problems spreading from Nigeria west and south. Piracy here includes hijacking oil tankers and transferring the oil to other ships, as well as stealing oil from pipelines and attacking oil exploration and production platforms. The navies in the area are doing their best to improve their capabilities. South Africa has a frigate or other naval vessel and a submarine in the Mozambique Channel on antipiracy patrol. This has had some success. A further problem is the narcotics trade. Africa is increasingly becoming a transit area for drugs moving from South West Asia to Europe and the USA and from South America to Europe. The trade is worth billions and the traffickers are using hi-tech equipment, including aircraft, submarines, torpedoes and ultra-fast boats to move their drugs. They are totally ruthless and, in Africa, will destroy any government opposing them. They will finance any insurrection to help them achieve their goals. Lesser problems include illegal mining and logging.

Maj Heitman then spoke of individual countries:

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• Sudan and South Sudan – there is heavy fighting on the borders between these two with aircraft and heavy weapons in use by both sides. Darfur is a problem area and there are other small rebellions in progress; • Ethiopia and Eritrea – these have border problems which now and then break into open hostilities, a simmering pot waiting to boil over; • Somalia – a lawless, unstable country wracked by fighting between the various warlords and with an Islamist organization Al Shaheeb trying to take over and riding into neighbouring countries; • Egypt, Libya and Tunisia – in varying degrees of destabilsation after the “Arab Spring”, fighting between Islamists and more moderate groups, no functioning government in any of these; • Madagascar and the Comoros – unstable and a pirate threat; • Tanzania and Malawi – border dispute in Lake Malawi, pirates off the coast and secessionists in Zanzibar; • Kenya – troops in Somalia, instability in the NW area; • Uganda – problems with the Lord Army, troops in Somalia, guerrillas from the DRC; • Rwanda and Burundi – basing guerrillas operating in the DRC, the former has troops in Somalia; • Zambia—border dispute with DRC in the Lake Mweru area; • Democratic Republic of Congo – has never had a stable government, constant conflict and neighbours harbouring armed groups attempting to take over all or part of the country, secessionist movements in various parts of the country, border problems with neighbours; • Republic of Congo – wants Cabinda, has simmering insurgencies; • Angola – secessionists in Cabinda, border problems with DRC and Republic of Congo, simmering instability in the interior, Piracy problems; • Moçambique – RENAMO is greatly dissatisfied with the economic imbalance due to severe nepotism benefitting only the ruling elite of FRELIMO, in spite of the peace accord, just when the economy is improving; • West Africa – nearly every country (Chad, Central African Republic, Mali, Niger) has an unstable government, many are having or have just had a rebellion or civil war. Of these, especially Senegal, Sierra Leone and Gambia are having problems with Islamist insurgencies; • Mauritania, Cameroon and Guinea Bissau – have border problems and instability problems, and • Nigeria -- Islamist Boko Harem insurgents active in the north, piracy and secessionist problems. All of the West African countries have problems with piracy, criminal activities, Islamist insurgency activity, tribal differences and cross-border trouble-making. It does not look as if this will soon change for the better in the foreseeable future. Algeria, Morocco and the southernmost countries in Africa seem to be the most stable ones. For the moment, that isPP Our Defence Budget is the second lowest of the big five in Africa (South Africa, Egypt, Angola, Algeria and Nigeria). Our Defence Spending as percentage of GDP and Defence Spending as % of Government Spending is the lowest of the big five. The Treasurer, Mr Bob Buser, thanked Major Heitman for his most informative and interesting talk and presented him with the customary gift.  SUMMARY OF THE LECTURE DATED 10 OCTOBER 2013 (NEWSLETTER NO 415)

Our speaker on 10 October 2013 was fellow-member Dr Dan Sleigh, the distinguished historian and author who was recently decorated with the Order of Oranje Nassau by Queen Beatrix of the

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Netherlands for his outstanding contribution to the recording of the history of the Dutch East India Company. Dr Sleigh introduced his illustrated talk on the violent uprising which took place on the Dutch East India Company hooker Meermin in February 1766 by explaining why the use of slaves in the Cape was necessary. The Cape was a refreshment station used by the Dutch to supply fresh meat and vegetables to their ships plying the route from Holland to the Indies and back. The company was a commercial venture whose resources were always over-extended. Most of their always scarce resources were put to use in the Indies and they had used slaves there prior to the establishment of their refreshment station at the Cape. At the Cape labourers were required to cut, dig out and move timber for firewood and construction, to build buildings, for fishing, sealing and whaling, for salt works, brick-manufacturing, farming, gardening and for domestic work. Dr Sleigh showed us drawings of the Company’s gardens at Cape Town and Newlands and explained that meat, vegetables and fruit were needed for the crews of the Company’s ships, the garrison of some 600 men, the officials in Cape Town and the 57 outstations. He explained how important a steady supply of timber was for construction in that pre-industrial age and as firewood. Wood-cutting denuded the area near the mouth of the Salt River to such an extent that the South Easter blew so much sand into the sea that the beach line was extended into Table Bay by 1 metre per annum. The manpower at the Cape was never sufficient and the use of slaves was, at the time, the solution to the problem. Slaves were obtained in the Dutch East Indies, Madagascar and from Arabs in Zanzibar. They were transported in Company ships. Our speaker showed us a drawing of the Meermin (Dutch for Mermaid), a type of vessel known as a hooker, which operated as a slave ship between Madagascar and the Cape. She was built and launched in Amsterdam in 1760. She had three masts, was square-rigged, 33,5m (110 feet) long with a beam of 10,4m (34 feet) and was manned by a crew of 56. Dr Sleigh also showed us plans of the ships boats, one of which was a sail driven launch. During the Cape winter gales, Company ships spent their winter months in the safer anchorage of Simon’s Bay. This is where the Meermin prepared for her voyage to Madagascar, loading trade goods, food, water and firewood. Her officers included the Captain, 1st Mate, 2nd Mate and 3rd Mate. She also carried a doctor, shipwright, sail maker, smith and gunner as warrant officers. Before leaving Simon’s Bay, her Captain Jan Theunisz handed over command to Gerd Muller, who received all the ship’s papers including the very detailed instructions regarding the control over the slaves and their treatment. Our speaker pointed out the main rules, which were as follows: - Slaves were to be shackled and kept below, with men and women separated. - They were allowed on deck in small numbers only to prevent any disturbances. - Their shackles were to be checked daily and they were to be searched for hidden weapons. - Armed guards were to be placed at the hatchways and loaded firearms were to be kept at hand if needed. The Meermin left Simon’s Bay on 23 May 1765 for Tulear in Madagascar. Here the captain met the local King and Queen where the trade goods (including guns, gold and liquor) that the company’s men brought along, were exchanged for slaves. These included unwanted wives among others! This was the normal practice – local rulers sold their own people to the slavers! The King presented Capt Muller with a number of locally-made swords. Having loaded 140 slaves, Meermin then set off on the return voyage to the Cape on 20 January 1766.

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Dr Sleigh showed us a map of the route followed by the ship to and from Madagascar. Capt Muller did not follow his instructions very carefully and, on 18 February 1766, he ordered the slaves who were walking on the deck to clean and sharpen the swords which had been presented to him by the king. Their leader, one Masafaan, gave the signal and the slaves attacked the watch on deck, killing the 1st Mate, doctor and seven sailors. Some of the crew sought safety up the foremast from where they hurled the primitive hand grenades stored there, at the slaves. These missiles were, however, largely ineffectual as they were avoided with ease by the flight-footed slaves. Some members of the crew who survived the slaughter on the deck, escaped by climbing down the rudder and through a porthole into the Gunroom, where they were safe, but had to spend the next few days without food or water. On the fourth day, the crew attempted to recapture the ship, armed with pistols and cutlasses, but they were not successful and lost five men killed or died of wounds. The captain was seriously injured and incapacitated. Third Mate Gulic then decided to scare the slaves by exploding half a barrel of gunpowder. In so doing his face and hands were badly burnt. He then threatened to blow up the ship. Midshipman Leij negotiated with the slaves and a truce was concluded. Only three members of the morning watch had survived and the slaves made them sail the ship back to Madagascar but, knowing nothing of navigation, they did not realise that the seamen continued to steer towards the Cape, during the period from 21 February to 23 February. On 23 February 1766, they sighted land and, at midnight 24 February, they Meermin dropped anchor in Struys Bay. Some of the slaves went ashore in the ships boats, so dividing their force. The crew then rose against the remaining slaves out of sight of the beach and many slaves were killed and others taken prisoner. The slave leader Rijsaaka and four others then paddled to the beach to reconnoitre. They saw herdsmen and thought that they were back in Madagascar. On 26 February news that Meermin had anchored in Struys Bay reached Secretary Mentz in Swellendam. He called up the local Commando and headed for Struys Bay. A day later, the news reached Stellenbosch and Landdrost Le Sueur called up his Commando and advised the Council of Policy in Cape Town. The Council of Policy sent soldiers in the company ships Neptunus and Snelheijd to Struys Bay on the 28 February. The captured slaves were sent overland under escort to Cape Town and Landdrost Le Sueur took command on 3 March. A bottle thrown overboard and containing a letter from the embattled crew washed ashore and fortuitously was found, asking that three signal fires be lit. This was done and the Meermin’s anchor cable was cut by the surviving crew members, which set the ship adrift, and it subsequently ran aground on the beach. The cooper, Rijk Meijer, swam ashore and met with Landdrost Le Sueur, advising him of the state of affairs on the Meermin. The slave leader and others paddled ashore with the cook, Lubbers, and the slaves were fired on by the commando. The slave leader was killed with others and renewed fighting broke out on the ship and the rest of the slaves surrendered. On Sunday 9 March provisional repairs were completed and the rest of the crew came ashore. The remaining slaves disembarked on the 10th and, on 17 March, the Neptunus and Snelheijd arrived. Landdrost Le Sueur handed over command to Secretary Mentz and returned to Stellenbosch.

From the 8th to the 10th of April 1766, the auction of the hull and contents of the Meermin and her flotsam and jetsam was held at Struys Bay. These items included copper pots, lanterns, candlesticks, etc. Our speaker explained that good timber was very scarce at the time so the wreck was broken up

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and the wood turned into tables and all types of furniture, as well as building material, by the local farmers. The slaves appeared before the Court of Justice at the Castle of Good Hope in Cape Town. In terms of Roman Dutch Law rebellion against his master by a slave was a capital offence. At the trial, the Court heard the sad tale of Masafaan who had been a successful farmer in Madagascar until he was summoned to meet his king at Tulear. There he was stripped, beaten and bound and sold into slavery to the Dutch. He wept when he recalled his children. In view of these mitigating circumstances, Masafaan was not executed but was sent to Robben Island to make lime from sea shells, to be used in buildings such as the Castle. He died a few years later. The captain of the Meermin, Gerd Muller, was found guilty of infringement of the regulations relating to the transportation of slaves. He was sent back to Holland where he forfeited his pension and other benefits. He died not long afterwards. Slides of the various court documents were shown by our speaker, who also showed photographs of the splendid model of the Meermin built by Brian Donnelly for the VOC Foundation and which is now on display in the Old Slave Lodge (S A Cultural History Museum) at the top of Adderley Street, in Cape Town. Commander Bisset thanked Dr Sleigh for bringing another chapter of our early Cape history – an aspect that went unrecorded until now - so vividly alive. He reminded the audience that our speaker had given us many other fascinating talks since joining the Cape Town Branch in 1977. He thanked Dr Sleigh on his pioneering work and presented him with the customary gift.  Members We welcome Mr and Mrs J M Hobbs who joined the society this month and hope to see them at our future meetings.  Books Members who indicated that they would like to purchase a copy of Dr Sleigh’s book, The Taking of the Slaver Meermin, are reminded that copies will be available at the next meeting. Price: R180,00  The book Sporting Soldiers - South African Troops at Play during World War I by Prof. Floris van der Merwe is now on sale. Prof Van der Merwe has liaised with the chairman and will make copies available to be on sale to members at the next meeting of the Cape Town Branch. With the advent of the centenary of the First World War (WWI) in 2014, the timely appearance of “Sporting Soldiers” will tie in nicely with the society’s planned lecture series during the WWI centenary period It definitely will find a worthy niche in the ranks of the expected surge of centenary writing about WWI, and will certainly appeal to those interested in military history.

“Professor Floris van der Merwe has a long professional career as an accomplished scholar of sport in history. “Sporting Soldiers” is his research in book form about sport in the British and South African Forces during World War One. His wonderful ability to evoke the social world of his historical subjects,

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using incidents and episodes to enable readers to relive the small enjoyments, frustrations and sporting triumphs of his subjects. Photographs, graphic representations and other visual imagery are used, that adds seamlessly to the narrative.

The book comprehensively covers the Great War from a South African perspective, starting with the position of the Union of South Africa in the overall context of WWI. The chapter on South African prisoners of war is the first comprehensive coverage of this topic to be published. His incisive feel for the role of depressive forces, such as ‘Barbed-Wire Disease’, social class, colonial identities and racial segregation for example, shows how his study covers more than just sport. It is clear how important sport and organised recreational activities were as a release from the stress and strain of war. With “Sporting Soldiers”, scholars and lay persons alike can learn more about it.” [Extract from a review by Prof W.R. “Bill” Nasson of Stellenbosch University.] Price: R195,00  Forthcoming Meetings: 14 NOVEMBER 2013: COMMEMORATING THE FALLEN: THE ORIGIN & HISTORY OF POPPY DAY (REMEMBRANCE DAY) AND THE ROLE OF THE COMMONWEALTH WAR GRAVES COMMISSION by Brig Gen John del Monte & Johan van den Berg The 11th of November is traditionally “Poppy Day” and dates back to the commemoration of the fallen of World War One. How did this tradition originate, what is it all about and what happens behind the scenes? The red remembrance poppy has become a familiar emblem of Remembrance Day due to the poem "In Flanders Fields" by John McCrae.* The use of the poppy to symbolize the fallen dates back to ancient times where legend had it that the flower only proliferates wherever blood had been spilt in battle. The current Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC, preceded by the Imperial War Graves Commission, formed in 1917) whose principal function is to mark, record and maintain the graves, and places of commemoration of Commonwealth of Nations military service members who died in the two World Wars. Gen Del Monte recently attended the reburial of the remains of SA Scottish soldiers recovered from the battlefields of Ypres, which he will also cover in the lecture. This month’s talk will form the inaugural lecture of the planned series of lectures of the Cape Town branch to coincide with the centenary of the First World War. The South African Military History Society has planned a programme of lectures to be presented by all four branches countrywide, in the course of 2014-2018, to commemorate the battles, soldiers and civilians who participated in this tumultuous event. The arrangement is that at least two lectures a year will be devoted to the First World War over the next four years. * The story of John McCrae and his well-known poem will be the subject of a lecture in the near future. DECEMBER: No meeting as the Cape Town Branch will be in recess.

16 JANUARY 2014: SUBJECT AND SPEAKER TO BE ANNOUNCED CLOSER TO THE DATE

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(Please note that the January meeting always takes place on the THIRD THURSDAY of the month due to the festive season/school school holidays)

Annexure “B” /Bylaag “B”: The SA Military History Society: Cape Branch • News Letter No 416 With the kind permission of the Chairman, Johan van den Bergh BOB BUSER: Treasurer/Asst. Scribe

RAY HATTINGH: Secretary

Phone: 021-689-1639 1639 (Home)

Phone:: 021-592-1279 021 (Office)

Email: bobbuser@webafrica.org.za

Email: ray@saarp.net ray@saarp.

NEWSLETTER No 416 - JANUARY 2014 The topic for 14 November 2013 was Commemorating The Fallen: The Origin & History of Poppy Day (Remembrance Day) and the Role of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) (CWGC).. The first part of the lecture was presented by fellow-member Brig Gen John del Monte whose topic covered events around Poppy Day. The second part of the lecture, to be presented by the Chairman, Johan van den Berg, would have dealt with the role played by the CWGC in commemorating the fallen of World War One. However, it was not to be - as the evening unfolded, the positive and spontaneous response to Brig Gen Del Monte’s retelling of his experiences during his recent visit to Ypres and Flanders, necessitated a re-assessment assessment and re re-adjustment adjustment of the evening’s proceedings whereby, by virtuall unanimous agreement by the audience, it was decided (on the chairman’s suggestion) to postpone it until the January meeting and present it then as a fully-fledged lecture. Our Speaker introduced his talk by explaining the term “Remembrance” – a memory off a person or event and the ability to recall past events. This pre pre-supposes supposes that we knew the person/s or events and therefore can recall them, which is not always true. The closest meaning in our military context is a way of showing respect for someone who o has died for an important event and a reminder to people and governments of the horrors of war. 101

Throughout history remembrance has been practiced in many differing forms and influenced by culture in poetry, triumphal arches, memorials, obelisks, oratory and wreaths. Today remembrance takes many forms – cenotaphs, memorials and the honouring of an unknown soldier, flags at half-mast, two-minute silence, the wearing of medals on the right side, the wearing of the red poppy and the sounding of the Last Post. An example of the last of these is the sounding of the Last Post by buglers at the Menin Gate in Ypres every evening. By 15 July 2015, this unique and moving ceremony will have been done 10 000 times! To commemorate this event, the Last Post Association will print a limited edition book in 2015. Or speaker the read Laurence Binyan’s well-known ode to the fallen, frequently used as an act of remembrance: They shall grow not old as we that are grow old Age shall not weary them nor the years condemn At the going down of the sun and in the morning we will remember them [With the response] We will remember them The most used symbol of remembrance in the world is the wearing of a red poppy during the period up to the 11th of November. Legend has it that the poppy goes back to the time of the Mongol leader Genghis Khan and is symbolic of the spirit of service and sacrifice. Where his hordes fought and blood was spilled, there white poppies appeared in profusion, growing to a height of one metre. Some say that the white poppies turned red where blood was spilt the most. This phenomenon followed his hordes across Asia. It is also believed by some that the poppy was in fact brought to Eastern Europe by Genghis Khan and grew there as a companion weed to wheat and other grains. Wherever these grain crops from the Steppes were sold, the poppy seed went too, and, by the time of the First World War some seven hundred years later, the red poppy grew alongside almost every grain crop throughout Europe. The Red Poppy of Flanders, also known as the Corn Poppy (popaver rhoeas), is also found in the Maghreb, the Levant and all over Europe. In Germany it is known as Klatschmohn or Flandern Mohn. Through the centuries, an even stranger event occurred. Emperors and kings marched their armies across suffering Europe in bloody conflict and everywhere, on battlefields which afterwards became bare wastes, there sprang up the poppy, its symbol carpeting the graves of the men who had died. During the Napoleonic Wars, battlefields were seen to be covered by poppies. Again during the First World War the battlefields of France and Flanders were covered with poppies after battle. Why? Scarlet corn poppies grow naturally in conditions of disturbed earth throughout Western Europe. The destruction caused by the Napoleonic Wars and, again in late 1914, as the First World War raged and again ripped up the earth, resulting in bare land being transformed into fields of blood red poppies, growing round the bodies of the fallen soldiers. Even today one still sees clumps of red poppies in the Somme area and in Flanders, but not in the profusion existing during the war. 102

Our speaker then explained why the red poppy came to be chosen as the flower of remembrance. On 8 December 1915, a poem by a Lt Col (Dr) John McCrae entitled “In Flanders Fields” was published in the British magazine Punch. This was written in memory of a close medical friend who had been killed in France. In Flanders fields the poppies grow between the crosses, row on row That mark our place and in the sky the larks, still bravely singing, fly Scarce heard amid the guns below We are the dead. Short days ago we lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow Loved, and were loved, and now we lie in Flanders Fields Take up our quarrel with the foe, to you from failing hands we throw The torch; be yours to hold it high. If ye break faith with us who die We shall not sleep, though poppies grow in Flanders Fields Lt Col John Alexander McCrae7 was born in Ontario on 30 November 1872. He trained as a physician, but became an artillery officer, serving during the Anglo-Boer War of 1899 – 1902. During the years 1901 to 1911, he was Professor of Pathology at the University of Vermont, but also taught at McGill University in Canada. During the First World War, he initially served in the front lines at a First Aid Station between Poperinghe and Ypres (where he, as a matter of interest, wrote his now-famous and immortal poem). He subsequently was promoted and appointed as Commanding officer at the 3rd McGill Canadian General Hospital at Boulogne in France.He tragically contracted and died of pneumonia and meningitis on 28 January 1918 at the very same base hospital where he worked himself into the ground in an effort to save the lives of his fellow soldiers wounded in battle. The day before he died, McCrae said to his doctor “Tell them this: If ye break faith with us, we shall not sleep”. Paradoxically, contrary to popular belief, the adoption of the red poppy as symbol of the now well-known remembrance of the sacrifice of Commonwealth soldiers during World War One, did not originate in Great Britain. It was started in the United States of America, followed by France. Nine months after the death of John McCrae and two days before the Armistice was declared at 11am on 11 November 1918, Moina Michael, a professor at the University of Georgia in the USA, was working in the YMCA Overseas War Secretaries’ headquarters during its annual conference in New York. While flipping through a copy of the Ladies Home Journal, she came across McCrae’s poem and was so moved that she vowed to always wear a red poppy in remembrance. That same day she was given 10 dollars by the conference delegates as thanks for her hard work. This she spent during her lunch break on buying 25 red silk poppies. Returning to the venue with one of these pinned to her coat, she distributed the rest amongst the delegates. Since this group had given her the money with which to buy the flowers, Prof Michael saw this as the first sale of memorial poppies. She then

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The story of John McCrae and his well-known poem will be the subject of a lecture sometime in the future.

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threw her efforts into campaigning to get the poppy adopted as a national remembrance symbol in the USA. After returning to the University of Georgia, Professor Michael taught a class of disabled veterans. Realising how much support such men needed, she came up with the idea of selling artificial poppies to raise funds for America’s disabled veterans. She retired in 1938 and lived out the rest of her life in the university town of Athens and was buried in its historic cemetery. She died in 1944, the last full year of the Second World War By then the poppy sales originated by her had raised more than 200 million dollars for the rehabilitation of war veterans. In 1920, the National American Legion’s 29th annual conference proclaimed the poppy to be the official symbol of remembrance. Present at the conference was Madame Anna Guerin from France. She was inspired by Moina Michael’s idea of the poppy as a memorial flower and also believed that the scope of the memorial poppy could be expanded to help the needy. She came up with the idea that artificial poppies could be made and sold as a way of raising money for the benefit of the French people, especially the orphaned children, who were suffering as a result of the war. She returned to France after the conference and founded the “American and French Children’s League” through which she organised French women, children and war veterans to make artificial poppies out of cloth. Anna was determined to introduce the idea of the memorial poppy to the nations which had been allies of France during the First World War. During 1921, she made visits or sent representatives to America, Australia, Britain, Canada and New Zealand. She went in person to visit Field Marshall Earl Haig, founder and President of the British Legion, and persuaded him to adopt the Flanders Poppy as an emblem for The Legion. This was formalised in 1921. Initially they were made by French women and children. In 1922 the Poppy factory was established in the Old Kent Road, South London. This was the idea of major George Howson MC, founder of the Disabled Society for disabled ex-servicemen and women. By making artificial poppies for sale in November each year, the factory could employ five disabled men during the year. By 1933 the demand for poppies was such that the Poppy Factory had to move to larger premises in Richmond, Surrey. The demand for poppies continue to grow each year. Currently the Poppy Factory is producing nearly 40 million poppies for wreaths, sprays and buttonholes per annum. Over time the poppy appears everywhere and in many forms, but the message remains the same “Lest We Forget”. Since 1994 the words “Haig Fund” are no longer inscribed on the black button in the centre of each poppy. Instead it reads “Poppy Appeal”. Between 1926 and 1933 discussions took place between The British Legion and a number of “anti war” lobby groups, predominantly the Co-operative Women’s League. They requested that the words “Haig Fund” be removed from the black centre of the poppy and replaced with the word “Peace”. They were not successful 104

and then decided to produce their own white poppy, worn for the first time in 1933 advocating peace and pacifism. This was not meant as a slight on Remembrance. Gen Del Monte recently attended the burial of the remains of SA Scottish soldiers recently recovered from the Flanders battlefields, at Tyne Cot Military Cemetery on the outskirts of Ypres. What was particularly moving were the number of excellent photographs he took during the event, as well during the playing of the Last Post at the Menin Gate. He also found the time to visit a number of famous landmarks in and around Ypres, amongst other the well-known rest haven for all ranks, popularly known as “Toc ‘H’”, in Poperinghe.

“LEST WE FORGET” Today it is not just about remembering those soldiers who never returned from the battlefield, and forever rest on foreign soil – whether in a known grave, or only “Known Unto God” - but also those veterans who did, injured or uninjured, but now are in need of assistance. To mark the solemnity of the occasion and show solidarity with the fallen soldiers, veterans and their families of all wars of the past 100 years, the Chairman asked the audience to rise and keep a minute’s silence – Lest We Forget. The Chairman, Johan van den Berg, thanked Gen del Monte for his fascinating talk which appropriately followed closely on the Annual Remembrance Day services and wreath laying ceremonies worldwide. He then presented our speaker with the customary gift. 

MembersIn Memoriam It is great sorrow that we announce the passing of Major General Graham Dunbar Moodie SM (age 101), on the night of 16/17th November, 2013. Gen Moodie would have turned 102 on the 3rd of January, 2014. Gen Moodie was born on 3 January 1912, matriculated in 1928 and studied Botany and Zoology at Rhodes University for his BA degree. He attended the Permanent Force cadet course in 1934 and was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in January 1935. He joined the SA Artillery before the outbreak of war in 1939 and was posted to Coast Artillery. He filled various Coast Artillery posts as Battery Commander, Chief Instructor and Director: Coast Artillery, mostly on Robben Island. He tried hard to get a posting "Up North" where his brothers were serving as volunteers, but was not allowed to, because of the importance of his tasks in Coast Artillery on Robben Island. After the war he attended the "Long Gunnery Staff Course in England and later was South Africa's first Military, Air and Naval Attaché in Germany. He returned to South Africa to be Army Chief of Staff (Deputy Chief of the Army) and promoted Major General. He retired when he turned 60 in January 1972 and took over the "Honeywood" farm to go back to his great love of beekeeping. His wife, Sheila, died some years ago, but Gen Moodie carried on with the bee-farming at "Honeywood" for many years, together with his son John and his family. 105

Gen Moodie is being survived by his two sons, daughter and their families. Our sincerest condolences go out to the family and Maj Tony Gordon and his family, who had been close family friends over the years. Finances A number of members have not yet paid their 2013 subscriptions. Your prompt payment would be appreciated. 

Books Members who indicated that they would like to purchase a copy of Dr Sleigh’s book, The Taking of the Slaver Meermin, are reminded that copies will be available at the next meeting. Price: R180,00  The book Sporting Soldiers - South African Troops at Play during World War I by Prof. Floris van der Merwe is now on sale. Prof Van der Merwe has liaised with the chairman and will make copies available to be on sale to members at the next meeting of the Cape Town Branch. With the advent of the centenary of the First World War (WWI) in 2014, the timely appearance of “Sporting Soldiers” will tie in nicely with the society’s planned lecture series during the WWI centenary period It definitely will find a worthy niche in the ranks of the expected surge of centenary writing about WWI, and will certainly appeal to those interested in military history. “Professor Floris van der Merwe has a long professional career as an accomplished scholar of sport in history. “Sporting Soldiers” is his research in book form about sport in the British and South African Forces during World War One. His wonderful ability to evoke the social world of his historical subjects, using incidents and episodes to enable readers to relive the small enjoyments, frustrations and sporting triumphs of his subjects. Photographs, graphic representations and other visual imagery are used, that adds seamlessly to the narrative. The book comprehensively covers the Great War from a South African perspective, starting with the position of the Union of South Africa in the overall context of WWI. The chapter on South African prisoners of war is the first comprehensive coverage of this topic to be published. His incisive feel for the role of depressive forces, such as ‘Barbed-Wire Disease’, social class, colonial identities and racial segregation for example, shows how his study covers more than just sport. It is clear how important sport and organised recreational activities were as a release from the stress and strain of war. With “Sporting Soldiers”, scholars and lay persons alike can learn more about it.” [Extract from a review by Prof W.R. “Bill” Nasson of Stellenbosch University.] Price: R195,00 106



Forthcoming Meetings: 16 JANUARY 2014: COMMEMORATING THE FALLEN: THE HISTORY OF THE COMMONWEALTH WAR GRAVES COMMISSION (CWGC) AND ITS ROLE IN WORLD WAR ONE by Johan van den Berg Up to the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902) the British Empire dealt in a haphazard way with the remains of its soldiers that laid down their lives for King/Queen and Empire, a neglect that was often the source of political scandal. The Imperial War Graves Commission (IWGC), formed in 1917, set out remedy this state of affairs. Although formed to perform a functional service, its progenitor – Fabian Ware – also had an ulterior mission in mind: Strengthening the Imperial ideal and fusing the British commonweal into a unitary whole. The IWGC’s successor was the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) as we know it today. Its principal function is to mark, record and maintain the graves, and places of commemoration, for the members of the military of the Commonwealth of Nations who died on active service, not only in the two World Wars, but all conflicts up to the present day. January’s talk will be the second in a planned series of lectures to be presented by the Cape Town branch over the next five years, to commemorate the centenary of the First World War, starting this year. The South African Military History Society has planned a programme of lectures to be selected and presented, individually, by all four branches countrywide, in the course of 2014-2018, to commemorate the battles, and honour the memory of all soldiers and civilians – on all sides - who participated in this tumultuous event. To this day the impact of the “Great War” - and outcome on all terrains of society has not yet fully been realised, nor thoroughly analysed. At least two lectures a year will be devoted to the First World War over the next five years. 13 FEBRUARY 2014: OPERATION DINGO: THE GREATEST BATTLE OF THE RHODESIAN BUSH WAR by Ian Pringle On 23 November 1977, an armada of helicopters and aeroplanes, carrying elite SAS and RLI troops, took off from Rhodesian airbases and crossed the border into Mozambique. Their objective was the headquarters of Robert Mugabe’s Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army (ZANLA), the so-called Chimoio Complex in Mozambique, where thousands of insurgent forces were concentrated. Codenamed Operation Dingo, the raid was planned to coincide with a meeting of Robert Mugabe and his war council at the targeted HQ. It would be the biggest conflict of the Rhodesian Bush War. The successful execution of the operation, performed in the face of overwhelming odds, was based on split-second timing and the immaculate coordination of all arms, which was, all things considered, really meagre. The success of the operation exceeded the wildest of expectations of its planners and participants, but it was a gamble that could just as well have gone terribly wrongPP..

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Ian Pringle is the author of the book on the same subject, titled Dingo Firestorm: The Greatest Battle of the Rhodesian Bush War, published both overseas and locally. Our speaker is himself an accomplished aviator and well-known amongst the aviation fraternity for his involvement with flying the ex-RAF jets based at Thunder City, near Cape Town International Airport. 13 MARCH 2014: EMPIRE, WAR & CRICKET IN SOUTH AFRICA: LOGAN OF MATJIESFONTEIN by Dr. Dean Allen Cecil Rhodes is on record as saying he had only met two creators in South Africa, one being himself and the other James Douglas Logan. Born in Reston, Scotland in 1859, Logan emigrated to South Africa at the age of nineteen. Based upon years of research in South Africa and the United Kingdom, and using original archive material (including many unseen photographs) Dr Allen’s fascinating talk is based upon his forthcoming book and explores how James Logan made his fortune in late nineteenth century South Africa through business, politics and a high profile association with the British Empire’s favourite sport – cricket. James Logan became known as the ‘Laird of Matjiesfontein’ after the Karoo town he had developed. This famous town is today a national heritage site and a popular tourist destination for South African and international visitors. This talk will explore how Matjiesfontein was created and how James Logan developed this little town in the Karoo into a renowned health resort attracting the rich and famous of the late nineteenth century. The talk will also explain how James Logan was instrumental in developing the game of cricket in South Africa and examine the controversial but little-known 1901 South African cricket tour to England – a venture funded by Logan himself in the midst of the Anglo-Boer War. Matjiesfontein’s pivotal role in the war is explored alongside James Logan’s exploits during this time. Dr Dean Allen is a native of Somerset in the West Country of England, and his long association with South Africa began in the mid-1990s when he began his studies at Stellenbosch University. Currently a lecturer in Sport Management at Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Dean has taught at Universities in South Africa, Australia, Northern Ireland and England and is widely published in the areas of sports history and sociology. It was during research for his Master’s Degree (that focused on Sport during the Anglo-Boer War) that Dean first visited Matjiesfontein and a fascination for the history of cricket and this region led to a PhD that was completed in 2008. His book Empire, War and Cricket in South Africa: Logan of Matjiesfontein was published in February 2014 and is a result of that doctoral study. Professor Albert Grundlingh, Chair of History Department, Stellenbosch University, had the following to say about the book: It is more than just a sports history and also more than just a political history. Its strength is the way in which it melds the two to provide a new perspective on a turbulent South African past.

(Please note that the January meeting always takes place on the THIRD THURSDAY of the month due to the festive season/school holidays) 108

BOB BUSER: Treasurer/Asst. Scribe Phone: 021-689-1639 (Home) Email: bobbuser@webafrica.org.za

RAY HATTINGH: Secretary Phone: 021-592-1279 (Office) Email: ray@saarp.net

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