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HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

1

Finding the best way through healthcare reform is our job. So you can do yours. The health reform law is big, confusing and headed your way. And though we didn’t make the law, we can help you make sense of it. At SelectHealth, we have clear answers—without government-speak or insurance jargon. We can also tell you if your small business qualifies for a tax credit. To find out more, call or visit us online. Get clear answers. 855-442-0220 • selecthealth.org/reform

2 HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

Healthy-Utah.com

DAVID S. GOURLEY, M.D.

B REAT H E

E AS I E R !

N O

L I M I TS!

CLINICAL RESEARCH

We are currently involved in Clinical Research Trials. We are currently enrolling patients in Allergy and Asthma trials and are working towards other major clinical trials involving Immunology. For more information or questions please visit our Research page or contact Suzy or Kristina in our Research Department at 801-775-9807

Unprecedented Patient Results 801.775.9800 Facebook.com/HealthyUT

www.rockymountainallergy.com L AY TO N | M U R R AY

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SUPERGRIN ORTHODONTICS

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Dr. Berg uses Fast-track Braces, Invisalign and other techniques to help you get the best results in the shortest amount of time and has been creating SuperGrins since 2002.

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Healthy-Utah.com

Who Do Winning Athletes Trust to Elevate Elevate Th Their eir Vision? Vision?

HOOPES VISION &Hoopes

All-Laser

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As a mogul skier on the US Ski Team, everyI was focused what to expect duringand the surgery. It was also eyes, on safety impressive that I never waited even ten minutes competition I compete in is important. Several proven results. At my checkup the next morning, I was times I have had my contacts blur while I am part to start my exams or the procedure! already seeing better than 20/20! Now way through my mogul run, or upside down in Since my procedure, I am Iseeing than I ever I had many questions – Who can trust?betterfree a backflip. glasses and contacts, I can did with my prescription eyewear! Thanks to from Dr. Who has the most experience? Who has push This is the main reason I decided to have Lasik Hoopes and the rest of the staff at Hoopes Vision, harder in training and focus on The answer to fear at Hoopes Vision, however I had nothe ideamost how advanced I’m ablelasers? to train and compete without not I love. Thanks, Hoopes Vision! theofsport incredible it would be for daily life as well. being able to see at any given moment. Thanks, my questions led me to Hoopes Vision. Dr. Hoopes! When I met Doctor Hoopes at the first appointment, he was personable and took the time to Heather McPhie, US Ski Team, Park City Utah Jen Hudak, Jen Hudak, Professional Professional Skiier, Skiier, Member Member of of the the U.S. U.S. Freeskiing Freeskiing Team Team review my chart with me and walk me through

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April

2014 VOL. XIV № 4

ON THE COVER McCall Mecham from Alpine, Utah is a Utah State University Honor Student majoring in Child Life Studies, with a minor in Sign Language. She’s an avid runner, dance instructor, and overall outdoor enthusiast, and is active in her church, loves laughing with friends and family, traveling, snowboarding, rollerblading, reading and sleeping! P H OTO B Y T I F F I N E E D AW N . C O M

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Content

11 Habbits of Fit People

Do you know people that seem to effortlessly maintain a fit physique? While they certainly pay attention to their diet and exercise regimens, they seem to be genetic “freaks of nature”. In actuality, fit people tend to adhere to several common practices that give their metabolism and physique an extra boost.

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Tapped Out

BREAKING NEWS: Water is important. A bit of an understatement, we know, but we feel like it can’t be said enough. But is your tap water safe? New reports suggest that there are almost 20 million cases of waterborne illness each year. We have very strict standards for water quality in the US, but is it enough?

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Clearing the Air

Not All Soaps Created Equal

Soap has so many uses. We use it to clean our clothes, our dishes, and, when the occasion calls for it, our children’s mouths. What you might not know is that not all soaps are created equal. We’ve got the low-down on the different kinds of soap and their uses, so you can make the best choice for you and your family. Spoiler alert: the most expensive is not always the best.

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The Medical Marijuana Controversy

Hash, pot, mary jane weed—whatever you call it, people are talking about it. People all across the country clamor for its legalization and in a few states it’s already legal. So, what’s everybody arguing about? See what both sides have to say about the marijuana controversy.

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*Cough* How about that fresh mountain air, right? *Cough* Not so much. We have an air pollution problem in Utah Valley. We call it inversion, and it really cramps our style. So, what are we doing to fix it? As it turns out, there are plenty of green initiatives taking place right here in Utah. Plus, we’ve got tips on how you can make a big difference through small means.

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GREEN: The Color of Weight Loss?

We don’t know about you, but we support any and all efforts to make losing weight as easy as taking a pill. If the TV ads are to be believed, scientists may be closer to that magic weight loss pill and we have the color green to thank for it. Unfortunately, we suspect it might be a little too good to be true.

Healthy-Utah.com

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Healthy

EDITOR'S NOTE

Imagine.

UTAH

APRIL 2014 VOLUME XIV, № 4

Things That Make You Go Hmmm… I HAVE ALWAYS ENJOYED BRAINTEASERS – quirky questions and considerations; things that make you go hmmm. I’ve heard it said that the quality of your life correlates to the quality of the questions you ask. One of the best ways to ensure a high quality of life now and in the future is to ask direct, reasonable questions. Such questions can range in importance from ‘How can I add a little fun to my life right now?’ or ‘Should I study or go to a movie?’ to asking ‘What am I doing right now that’s life affirming?’ or ‘Is this the person I should marry?’ By simply contemplating these questions, we take the first step towards reshaping our future. The future is always out there, but I have now lived long enough to realize that the future is imminent, and tomorrow quickly becomes today. So what will tomorrow bring? What realities will our children inherit? I read a thought provoking quote today from Mark Plotkin, PhD., President of the Amazon Conservation Team. He says:

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF John A. Anderson | john@healthy-mag.com

“If the current rate of destruction continues unabated, there will be little or no rainforest left on our planet by the year 3,000. How extraordinarily ironic that as Mother Nature becomes ever more promising as a source of new raw materials for medicines, we are destroying ecosystems at an ever increasing rate. Hopefully, it is not too late to take a moment to pause and reflect on the toll our society takes on the health of our planet and decide how we can make a mid-course correction.”

DESIGN EDITOR Phillip Chadwick | design@healthy-mag.com PHOTOGRAPHER Tiffinee Smart | tiffineedawn.com MANAGING EDITOR Michael Richardson | michael@healthy-mag.com

CONTRIBUTING WRITERS Brooke Kittel, Darrin F. Hansen, Greg Marshall David Joachim, Douglas H. Jones, Robert Jones, Andy Peiffer, Lisa Mathews, Stuart B. Porter, Mark Saunders

• When will we find the cure to AIDS? To Cancer? To Diabetes? Etc.

CIRCULATION Healthy Utah® is distributed widely to more than 800 locations along the Wasatch Front. It is also direct mailed to doctors, dentists, practitioners, health clinics, banks and other businesses along the Wasatch Front.

Healthy Utah® Magazine 256 Main St., Suite F l Alpine, UT 84004 (801) 369-6139 l info@healthy-mag.com To be included in our free online directory, or to advertise or get content published please e-mail us at info@healthy-mag.com

• Will genetic re-engineering replace cosmetic surgery?

PLEASE NOTE: The content in this publication is meant to increase reader awareness of developments in the health and medical field and should not be construed as medical advice or instruction on individual health matters, which should be obtained directly from a health professional. The opinions expressed by the authors and advertisers are not necessarily those of the publisher. Call for reprint permission.

• How will we receive medical care? • What role will touch and face-to-face contact play in healing? • Who will pay for medical care in 2100? What will it cost?

FACEBOOK.COM/HEALTHYUT

• What will the life expectancy be in 2100?

T WIT TER: HEALTHYMAGAZINE

• Will people be able to live as long as they can afford to live?

PINTEREST.COM/HEALTHYMAG

• Will people achieve greater happiness by living longer?

P H O T O B Y T I F F I N E E D AW N . C O M

MARKETING DIRECTOR Timothy Howden | timothy@healthy-mag.com

CIRCULATION MANAGER Ron Fennell | distribution@healthy-mag.com

• In 2100 what will keep people from catching the common cold?

Healthy Magazine is dedicated to using recyclable materials.

• What is the utmost, grandest hope you have for human health in 2100? Things that truly make you go ‘Hmmm…’

PUBLISHER Kenneth J. Shepherd | ken@healthy-mag.com

DIRECTOR OF OPERATIONS Lyn Timboe | lyn.timboe@healthy-mag.com

• How will people choose their weight in 2100 – through genetics, food, chemicals, or by regulating diet and exercise?

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MEDICAL DIRECTORS Steven N. Gange, M.D. Lane C. Childs, M.D.

ONLINE EDITOR Taylor Smith | taylor.smith@healthy-mag.com

The health of our planet in 1,000 years; now there’s a brainteaser. Think about the health of society in just 100 years. Considering the advancement made in healthcare alone over the past 100 years, it’s intriguing to cogitate the next 100 years:

• Will the most common diseases be caused by biological elements such as bacteria or viruses, or by non-biological causes such as pollutants or radiation?

WRIT TEN BY JOHN A. ANDERSON, EDITOR IN CHIEF

®

stardocs media Copyright © 2014 Stardocs, LLC. All rights reserved.

Healthy-Utah.com

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HEALTHY UTAH H E A LT H D I R E C TO R Y ALLERGY & ASTHMA

DOUGLAS H. JONES, MD

Rocky Mountain Allergy, Asthma & Immunology

801-775-9800 rockymountainallergy.com

PHILLIP C. HOOPES, JR., MD

Hoopes Vision Correction Center

801-568-0200 hoopesvision.com

A N E S T H E S I O LO G Y

EYE CARE

Office-Based Anesthesia Services

Hoopes Vision Correction Center

SLOAN TAYLOR, M.D.

PHILLIP C. HOOPES ,MD

972-897-4475 Healthy-Mag.com/sloantaylor

801-568-0200 hoopesvision.com

B A R I AT R I C M E D I C I N E

HORMONE THERAPY

DARRIN F. HANSEN MD, FACS

Utah Lap Band

801-LAP-BAND (801-527-2263) utahlapband.com

ROBERT JONES, DC

Utah Wellness Institute

801-576-1155 utahwellnessinstitute.com

C A R D I O LO G Y

INFERTILIT Y

Jordan Valley Medical Center

Utah Fertility Center

AMANDA DONOHUE, DO

801-263-2370 jordanvalleymc.com

COSME TIC SURGERY

DR. DAYNE PETERSEN

NuVista Plastic Surgery

801-261-5791 nuvistaplasticsurgery.com

D E N TA L : FA M I LY

RYAN S. MCNEIL, DDS

Midvale Family Dental

801-255-4555 UtahSmileDocs.com

D E N TA L : G E N E R A L

WILLIAM CARROLL, DDS

Roseman University of Health Sciences 801-302-2600 www.roseman.edu

D E R MATO LO G Y / S K I N C A R E

DOUGLASS FORSHA, MD

South Valley Dermatology

801-569-1456 southvalleydermatology.com

DIABETES

LAURA WESTERN

JDRF - Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation 801-530-0660 utah.jdrf.org

FITNESS

BROOKE KITTEL

Treehouse Athletic Club

801-553-0123 TACFitness.com

INSURANCE

STEPHEN L. BARLOW MD, VICE PRESIDENT

SelectHealth

801-442-5038 selecthealth.org

INSURANCE

DENNIS HARSTON MD, MBA, CMO

Altius Health Plans

800-377-4161 altiushealthplans.com

10 HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

EYE CARE

RUSSELL A. FOULK, MD

801-492-9200 utahfertility.com/

M E N ’ S H E A LT H

LANE C. CHILDS, MD, FACS

Western Urological Clinic 801-993-1800 wucmd.com

M E N ’ S H E A LT H

STEVEN N. GANGE, MD, FACS

Western Urological Clinic 801-993-1800 wucmd.com

M E N ’ S H E A LT H

ANDREW PEIFFER, MD, PHD

Men’s Health Center

801-580-8855 Healthy-Mag.com/Men

OBSTETRICS & OBGYN

MARK SAUNDERS, MD

Obstetrics & Gynecology Personal Care 801-692-1429 drsaundersobgyn.com

ORTHODONTICS

CHRISTOPHER A. BERG, DDS, MS

SuperGrin Orthodontics 801-224-5058 www.supergrin.com

ORTHODONTICS

BRANDON W. FAIRBANKS, DMD

Fairbanks Orthodontics

801-766-4660 fairbanksorthodontics.com

SPINE CARE / SURGERY

SCOTT ADELMAN, MD

The SMART Clinic

801- 676-7632 thesmartclinic.com

SPINE CARE / SURGERY

MICHAEL GIOVANNIELLO, MD

The SMART Clinic

801- 676-7632 thesmartclinic.com

TO B E CO N S I D E R E D F O R A B C 4 ' S H E A LT H Y U TA H P R O V I D E R D I R E C TO R Y , E - M A I L D I R E C TO R Y @ H E A LT H Y - M A G . CO M O R C A L L 801. 369. 6139 Healthy-Utah.com

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HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

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F Fitness

WANT TO GET INTO SHAPE? OF COURSE YOU DO.

HERE ARE 12 WAYS TO BECOME AN:

action fig Kick it into gear starting today and reap the benefits of a healthier, happier you.

12 HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

Healthy-Utah.com

1 Make exercise a part of daily life. Ever y little bit helps, including household chores, climbing stairs, and walking for transportation.

2 Get a medical check-up before beginning a formal exercise program, especially if you are older than 40, have medical problems, or have not exercised previously.

3 Take the time to exercise. Exercise is time-consuming, but it is important for health. Experiment with various schedules until you find a way to fit exercise into your life. Even people who have to sacrifice sleep or recreation generally find that exercise provides ample compensations in energy, efficiency, and enjoyment.

4 Make cardiovascular exercise a priority. Examples include walking, biking, jogging, aerobic dance, swimming, cross-country skiing, and singles racquet sports. Treadmills, stair climbers, exercise bikes, ski machines, and rowers provide similar exercise indoors. Choose the activity that is best for you. Consider your athletic experience, body build, time, finances, and personal preference. A mix of activities will provide balance, flexibility, and variety.

5 Warm up before each aerobic exercise session and cool down afterward. Ten minutes of stretching and light calisthenics are ideal and will also provide flexibility training. Consider additional stretching exercises for flexibility; they will help prevent injur y by correcting the stiffness that results from sedentar y living and the muscle tightness that can develop from a steady diet of aerobic and resistance exercise.

6 Build in two or three sessions of strength training using low-resistance, high-repetition exercises to keep your muscles and bones strong as you age.

7 Exercise regularly. Unless you are ill or injured, tr y to exercise nearly ever y day. Start with two or three sessions a week, but build up steadily, aiming for 30 minutes of moderate to intense exercise or 45-60 minutes of mild to moderate exercise on most days. Alternate harder workouts with easier ones.

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from a trainer, or by joining a health club.

11 Exercise safely. Walk or jog facing the traffic. Bike with the traffic, always wearing a helmet. Avoid heavy traffic and be cautious about remote areas, especially if you are alone. Wear bright clothing and reflecting gear after dark. Adjust your routine in weather that is hot, cold, or wet.

12 Listen to your body. Learn about the warning signals of heart disease, including chest pain or pressure, disproportionate shortness of breath, fatigue, or sweating, erratic pulse, lightheadedness, or even indigestion. Don’t ignore aches and pains that may signify injur y; early treatment can often prevent more serious problems. Don’t exercise if you are feverish or ill. Work yourself back into shape gradually after a layoff, particularly after illness or injur y.

8 Eat and drink appropriately. Don’t eat during the 2 hours before you exercise, but drink plenty of water before, during, and after exercise, particularly in warmer weather.

9 Dress appropriately, aiming for comfort, convenience, and safety rather than style. Use good equipment, especially good shoes and socks.

gure WRITTEN BY HEALTHY MAGAZINE

10 Consider getting instruction

M

aking exercise a part of your life can pay off in many ways. It can make you look and feel better. Take time for yourself to exercise every day. Motivate yourself by celebrating your successes and by getting positive feedback from supportive family and friends. A good approach is to evaluate yourself every week or two weeks. However, don’t over-monitor yourself by doing a self-assessment every day. That’s just likely to end in frustration. Don’t compare yourself to others. Accomplish your goal in a way that’s best suited to you. Remember, physical activity does not have to be part of a formal program. Become more active throughout the day.

HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

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FITNESS

11 Habits

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of Fit People

Healthy-Utah.com

DO YOU KNOW PEOPLE THAT SEEM TO EFFORTLESSLY MAINTAIN A FIT PHYSIQUE? WHILE THEY CERTAINLY PAY ATTENTION TO THEIR DIET AND EXERCISE REGIMENS, THEY SEEM TO BE GENETIC “FREAKS OF NATURE”. IN ACTUALITY, FIT PEOPLE TEND TO ADHERE TO SEVERAL COMMON PRACTICES THAT GIVE THEIR METABOLISM AND PHYSIQUE AN EXTRA BOOST. 5 1

EDUCATE themselves regarding nutrition and exercise. Knowledge is power!

EXERCISE IN THE MORNING. Many people find too many diversions as the day progresses. Fit your workout in early and get it over with!

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2

3

4

Look for ways to “MIX UP” their fitness routine. The body is constantly adapting to the forces imposed upon it. If you do the same thing at the gym everyday, you’ll limit your results and eventually hit a plateau.

AVOID FAD DIETS. If it sounds too good to be true, it is. Maintaining an ideal weight is about sustainable, life-long lifestyle changes – not the trendy weight loss gimmick of the moment.

MAKE EATING OUT THE EXCEPTION RATHER THAN THE RULE. Restaurant food is notoriously loaded with excess fat and calories. If you cook it yourself, you control what you put in your body.

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EAT WHAT THE CAVEMEN ATE. Think unprocessed, whole foods like grass-fed beef and poultry, wild-caught seafood, and plenty of organic fruits and vegetables.

MAINTAIN TIDY HOMES. These folks perform indoor and outdoor chores themselves rather than hiring these tasks out or forgoing them all together. Just think of the added calorie burn per hour: Vacuuming = 238 calories; mopping floors = 250 calories; trimming bushes = 215 calories; mowing the lawn= 408 calories.

PURGE THE JUNK IN THEIR REFRIGERATORS AND PANTRIES. Don’t fool yourself. If your weakness is mint chocolate chip ice cream and you have mint chocolate chip ice cream anywhere in your living space, you WILL indulge yourself. Wave the white flag and surrender those things that you cannot resist to the garbage can. Don’t set yourself up for failure.

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HAVE AN EXERCISE BUDDY. It doesn’t matter if that buddy is an acquaintance, friend, cycling club, group exercise instructor or personal trainer. Numerous studies have shown that exercise consistency markedly increases when you have a support and accountability framework in place.

HYDRATE, HYDRATE, HYDRATE WITH WATER. Water is the magic elixir. It flushes toxins from the body, reduces bloating from excess dietary sodium and assists in maintaining proper fluid balance in the cells. When cells are lacking in water, they shrivel resulting in muscle fatigue. Ideally, one should consume 64 ounces of water daily. This number increases as heat, humidity and/or activity level increases. .

FORGIVE THEMSELVES FOR SETBACKS AND MOVE FORWARD. So you missed a workout? So you had a piece of cheesecake for dessert? So what! Chronically fit people jump right back in the exercise and nutrition “saddle” after small setbacks.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Brooke Kittel

Treehouse Athletic Club 801-553-0123 TacFitness.com Treehouse has also been named among the TOP 20 GYMS in AMERICA by FITNESS MAGAZINE and has received Draper Business of the Year, Sandy Business of the Year and many other accolades. Treehouse offers family fitness in a beautiful and fun environment. TAC has state-of-the-art equipment, certified personal trainers and many programs and events that help keep you excited about working out and staying fit.

HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

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F Fitness

School PE

Can Make Kids Less Active, Study Finds WRITTEN BY C AITLIN SC HILLE

E

lementary school physical education classes can be very helpful. They can facilitate social growth and an enjoyment of physical activity. However, a study from Brigham Young University indicates that PE classes can have a negative impact on their young students. This study showed that children who were bullied during PE class were less active one year later. Unfortunately, overweight students are more likely to be bullied in PE classes, and these children perceived their overall health to be lower than that of their non-bullied counterparts. However, this study demonstrated that this correlation doesn’t just apply to overweight children, it also holds true for normal-weight children who were bullied in PE class. Dr. Chad Jensen, the lead author on the study and a psychology professor at BYU, stated that “our finding that this applies to normal-weight kids also was novel.” Previous studies had already shown the connection existed for overweight children, but not for children of a normal weight. Normal-weight students who were bullied in PE class were less physically active one year later. Jensen asserts that if these children can learn to see themselves more positively in terms of their physical and social abilities, they will see improvements in their health. Jensen hopes that this study will encourage elementary schools to create safe environments where kids feel comfortable during physical activity.

16 HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

Healthy-Utah.com

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HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

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F Fitness

Fresh Air Workouts Fit people balance gym time and sunshine

W

orking out outdoors can be one of the best ways to switch up your workouts and avoid hitting a plateau. If you ever fall into a rut at the gym or need a way to take your workouts to the next level to drop your body fat percentage and give you a tighter and toned look then here are a few tips you can use right away.

HIT THE HILLS Hill running/workouts are an excellent way to build up your legs and stimulate your body’s natural fat burning and muscle building hormones. If you are someone who has struggled with sculpting your legs to have a more muscular look or dropping body fat then hill running can be that missing link. What you will want to do is find a hill with a decent incline that will challenge you. There are several ways to tackle a hill. • Sprints of ten to forty yards with a thirty to sixty second rest in between each sprint. • Run for a dedicated time (like fifteen minutes), going up and down the hill to create a dynamic the body is not used to.

18 HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

For variety: run backwards up the hill and jog forward coming down the hill. This will create a different feel and challenge the body, therefore helping you break through or even avoid a plateau.

Remember the more variety you have in your workouts the better and more consistent your results and progress will be.

PLYOMETRIC POWER The next technique you can use while working out outdoors is plyometric exercise. These exercises are designed to target different muscle fibers which can help in building more muscle and burning more fat.

as thirty to sixty second rounds. The goal is to do the jumps as quickly as possible, while staying safe, to boost your heart rate up and challenge new muscle fibers. Truly fit people utilize both the gym and the outdoors for maximum muscle gain and fat loss. The key to success in outdoor workouts is to allow creativity while simultaneously still pushing yourself. Take techniques that you use in the gym and utilize those same fundamentals outdoors and add on to them. Most importantly have fun and remember this is a lifestyle.

The first exercise you can use is what we call a jump squat. With a jump squat you want to get yourself in a squatting position and then jump as high as you can. Once you land on the ground, jump right back up and repeat this movement for repetitions or a set time such as thirty to sixty second rounds.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Greg Marshall

Greg Marshall is the sales and personal training manager at The Gym at City Creek, Salt Lake City, and The Gym at Station Park, Farmington, UT. He has run the personal training departments in up to eight locations at once, owned his own personal training company and has been in the industry five years. To contact Greg for a free consultation email him at gregmarshall17@gmail.com

The next exercise you can use is a bench jump or curb jump. You will want to find a stable bench or a curb where you jump on and off of for repetitions or a set time such

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Grow Green

Healthy

Green Sheet VERY FUNG SHUI:

According to the Canadian Horticultural Therapy Association, “people working at computers in an office with plants were 12% more productive and less stressed than people doing the same job in an office without plants.” In 2012, nearly half of Americans had gardened in the past year. -Scarborough research group

$70 worth of planting yields $530 worth of produce. -National Gardening Association, 2009

80 percent of gardeners are satisfied with their lives, versus 67 percent of nongardeners. -Gardener’s World Regular gardening can prolong life by as much as 30 percent among 60+ year olds.

A PERSON’S GARDEN IS A SANCTUARY FOR THE SOUL:

Numerous studies have shown that regular physical activity reduces your risk of premature death, heart disease, obesity, high blood pressure, adult-onset diabetes, osteoporosis, stroke, depression and colon cancer. Gardening and yard work contributes to healthy active living, and are part of all three types of physical activity—endurance, flexibility and strength. Heavy yard work like raking and carrying leaves contributes to both endurance and strengthening activities, while all those stretches and contortions in the garden can help increase and maintain your flexibility.

What can be done to protect against frost? Strawberries and

raspberries can be protected by covering the planting with a tarp at sundown and then removing it in the morning after the air temperatures are above freezing. Rocks or pipe can be used to hold the tarp in place on breezy nights. The tarp will retain sufficient heat radiating from the soil to protect the flowers from injury.

Apply water in the cool of the morning or evening when the

wind is calm, the sun is less hot, and water loss through evaporation is minimal. Balancing plants’ water needs is like having a healthful diet. Think moderation. Provide your plants with enough water for good health, but don’t flood them with it.

Grow Green: the healthy benefits of gardening.

Active living fosters outdoor physical activity and solutions to growing environmental issues. We only have one life to live and we only get one chance with our planet, so why not do all we can to protect our land, enhance and restore Mother Earth? When you Go Green, you’re not only improving your own health you’re preserving the health of your environment. Gardening is not only considered an alfresco hobby, it promotes active living and allows us the chance to be a positive contributor to the natural environment. In addition to your fitness resolutions, make “going green” a habitual decision, and take an active role with the environment. If not for yourself, for the sake of exercise and fresh air.

Share the Green

Make plans to plant a community tree. It may boost the well-being of the whole neighborhood. Communal gardening and planting may help improve the quality of life for all parties involved, according to a study. Researchers discovered that community gardening activities imparted feelings of achievement, satisfaction, and aesthetic pleasure upon participants. Social Science & Medicine 2012

organic thoughts

Going organic may boost your intake of cancerfighting antioxidants. Experts tested antioxidant content of corn that had been grown with and without use of pesticides and found corn grown without the chemicals had almost 60% more flavonoids compared to the corn grown with pesticides. Flavonoids are a type of antioxidant nutrient associated with reduced cancer risk. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 2010

-British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2013

Main Squeeze Field of Dreams:

Going organic with your condiments could be a wise nutrition choice. Compared to non-organic ketchup, organic

Gardeners consume some veggies more frequently than nongardeners. 

ketchup appeared to contain 3 times as much lycopene in a lab analysis. Lycopene is an antioxidant that may help reduce the risk of prostate cancer and heart disease. Other sources of lycopene include watermelon, and pink grapefruit.

Watch how shadows and sunlight hit the ground to determine how much shade exists during the growing season under deciduous trees (which drop their leaves in fall). This test will determine which shade-loving plants will thrive there.

20 HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2009

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Go Gre 18 Ways

TO SAVE THE PLANET Follow the easiest guide ever to help make your life more earthfriendly!

W R I T T E N B Y TAY L O R G R A N T P H O T O G R A P H Y B Y T I F F I N E E D AW N . C O M

22 HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

Healthy-Utah.com

een!

I believe a leaf of grass is no less

than the journey-work of the stars.

Walt Whitman

Think you could lead a more eco-friendly life? Here are the best, most effective steps you can take, from the EMA (Environmental Media Association).

USE A SMARTER PAINT. According to the EPA, the air inside your home is up to three times more polluted than the air outdoors. Much of this pollution comes from paints and finishes. If you are going to repaint any rooms

Reduce the water temperature at home

Repair those leaks

in your house, look for low or no-VOC (volatile

Is the temperature of your shower scalding hot? If you

When cleaning your house or making repairs, be sure

organic compounds) paint for the project.

cool your water heater from 140°F to 120°F, you'll prevent

to check your house for leaky faucets or running toilets.

burns and save up to 10% of your home's energy use.

Fixing can save you up to 2,700 gallons of water per year.

Cut down on your food miles

Recycle rather than trash

produce the equivalent amount

Food typically travels 1,000 miles before it gets to you,

Sort and recycle your waste. If we could convince every

of light as the standard incan-

and each of those miles involves the emission of CO2. Cut

American to recycle even just the Sunday paper each

descent bulbs but consume 1/3

back by supporting your area's agriculture: visit a farmer's

week, we could save over 500,000 trees, every week.

of the energy required. They

BUY AND USE BETTER BULBS. Compact fluorescent light bulbs

also have a lifespan 10 times

market, look for regional produce at the grocery store or

Don't speed

longer than standard bulbs. So

Speeding on the road will decrease a car's fuel

when your bulbs burn out, re-

economy by as much as 7 percent. If only 1/3 of all drivers

place them with CFL's. Changing

Did you know that each week the average American

decreased their speed by 5 miles per hour it would save

out just 5 bulbs can save almost

household makes 19 different car trips of 7 miles or less?

about 2.5 billion gallons of gas. Take your foot off the

500 pounds of CO2 and $40 in

If we combined or skipped two of those trips we could

pedal!

energy costs per year.

Pump them up

USE BETTER ENERGY.

create a garden of your own

Combine your trips

save 3.6 billion gallons of gasoline.

Reuse your towels

Riding on under-inflated tires can decrease your car's

Electricity consumption accounts for 40% of

When staying in hotels, use your sheets and towels more

mileage. Surprisingly, about 25% of all cars on the road

the CO2 emissions in the United States. Switch

than once. Doing so will save the hotel an estimated 72,000

have under-inflated tires. If all drivers checked their air

to a supplier that generates electricity through

gallons of water and 480 gallons of detergent per year.

pressure it could save over 800 million gallons of gasoline.

renewable sources such as wind, water and or

Do the drive-through

Take efficient showers

electricity is a simple process that only requires

If you must wash your car, take it to a car wash. Profes-

Did you know that showers account for 32 percent of a

a phone call and helps to cut down on emissions

sional car washes use an average of 32 gallons of water

home's water usage? By installing a low-flow showerhead

from coal generated power plants.

per vehicle, but cleaning your car in the driveway can use

a family of four can save up to 20,000 gallons of water

up to 10 times more water.

each year.

Stop your idling

Carry reusable bags

By turning your thermostat down two degrees

If your car is idling for more than 30 seconds and you're

In the United States we consume approximately 100

in the winter and up two degrees higher in the

not in traffic, turn it off. An idling car gets 0 miles to the

billion plastic bags each year. Try using and reusing a

summer you can save loads of energy. You will

gallon. If the average American can reduce their idling

canvas bag for your shopping and you will save almost

also save about 3% on your heating bill for every

by 2 minutes, our country can save 400 million gallons of

1000 bags per year.

24-hour period that you do so.

solar power. If available in your area, switching

ADJUST YOUR THERMOSTAT.

gasoline each year.

Let the dishwasher work

Set up a recycling program On average, up to 80% of a school's waste stream can be

Scrape your dishes off rather than pre-rinsing before load-

recycled, and about ½ of that waste is in paper form. Work

ing the dishwasher. You'll save as much as 20 gallons per

with your neighborhood or child's school and make sure

full load, and your dishes will be just as clean.

that recycling is taking place.

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HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

23

A recent report from the Associated Press found that trace amounts of pharmaceuticals, including antibiotics, anticonvulsants, mood stabilizers and sex hormones were found in the drinking water of more than 40 million Americans.

Tap Out

Is your tap water something to be feared? W R I T T E N B Y M I C H A E L R I C H AR D S O N

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Healthy-Utah.com

Those berated for flipping on the tap for a drink instead of using the filtered pitcher or refrigerator water probably don’t have a good defense for their action. And those berating probably don’t have a great reason for the reprimand other than “well it’s filtered.” The truth is there’s a lot of confusion about tap water and its safety. The confusion stems from the wide variety of problem-causing contaminants in water. Possibly the most dangerous are illness-causing microbes, which can find their way into drinking water in a number of ways. Researchers from the University of Arizona estimate that there are 19.5 million cases of waterborne illness each year in the United States, either from community groundwater systems, noncommunity systems, or municipal surface water systems. The United States has strict standards for water quality, and a central goal of community water systems is to remove dangerous microbes. But there is always some risk of getting sick from the water coming out of your faucet, according to the University of Arizona’s Kelly Reynolds, MSPH, PhD. “All water systems fail at one point or another,” says Reynolds, who serves as the Director of the Environment, Exposure Science and Risk Assessment Center (ESRAC). As the treated water finds its way to your house through the established pipes and waterways, there is always some chance of contamination. There is danger even when the water has reached your house, as water left stagnant in pipes, during vacation for example, can allow bacteria to grow. So go buy a filter, right? Well, filters you’ll find at the store generally aren’t built for bacteria, but affect the aesthetics of water, meaning the taste and smell, and remove nonliving contaminants. To purify water from microbes at your home, you’ll need a more complicated system, according to Reynolds. This will generally cost about $800-$1600 to install, and a couple hundred dollars a year to maintain, which will make financial sense to some, but not others. So why does anyone buy PUR, Brita and ZeroWater filtration systems? Because microbes are just part of the battle. Courtesy of mainstream media, we now know that pharmaceutical waste is finding its way into drinking supplies. A recent report from the Associated Press found that trace amounts of pharmaceuticals, including antibiotics, anti-convulsants, mood stabilizers and sex hormones were found in the drinking water of more than 40 million Americans.

And it doesn’t stop there. Inorganic, organic and radiological substances called “total dissolved solids” (TDS), which includes arsenic, chromium-6, benzene, lead, aluminum, chlorine, chromine, copper, perchlorate, mercury and other metals can be found dissolved into your drinking water, according to Matthew Chilton of ZeroWater, a water-filter company that uses ion filtration to remove TDS. While they don’t fight microbes, sink attachments and pitcher filters can serve to remove most pharmaceuticals and dissolved solids, and things like pesticides and personal care product waste that have seeped into our water. Most use a carbon system, pushing water through a carbon filter, which removes much of the undesirable taste and odor, along with most of the dissolved solids and contaminants like road salts, lead and other minerals that can creep into the water as it travels from the source to your house. “It’s a matter of knowing what you’re drinking,” says Chilton. The first step in protecting your family is to understand the water challenges specific to your area. One area may be at high risk for arsenic, another for lead, and so on. The filter you decide on for your home should be based on local dangers, which information the EPA provides. Reynolds says that some people need to be especially careful, like the very young, the elderly and those who are immunocompromised. Sometimes specific illnesses make a person more susceptible to illness from water.

IS BOTTLED WATER A SAFE ALTERNATIVE? Bottled water is generally safer than tap water, Reynolds says. If water is cleaned, put into bottles, and shipped, it is less likely to have contaminants than water that is piped underground for miles to your home, as these miles put the water at risk for contamination from outside sources. Not all bottled water is created equally, however.

THE WORST TAP WATER The tap water in all of these cities contains numerous toxic chemicals exceeding health guidelines set up by government agencies.

LEARN MORE ABOUT OUR LOCAL TAP WATER SAFETY: > http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/drinking/public/drinking-water-faq.html > http://water.epa.gov/drink/local/ Facebook.com/HealthyUT

?

• • • • • • • •

Jacksonville, FL San Diego, CA Riverside, CA Las Vegas, NV Omaha, NE Houston, TX Reno, NV Pensacola, FL

THE BEST • • • •

Des Moines, IA Austin, TX Miami, FL Birmingham, AL

Source: Environmental Working Group (EWG)

HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

25

WHEN BOTTLED WATER FIRST BECAME A THING, OUR IMMEDIATE REACTION WAS EITHER “WHY” OR “THAT’S STUPID.” NOW MANY OF THE FORMER NAYSAYERS PICK UP BOTTLED WATER WITHOUT A SECOND THOUGHT, LEAVING REUSABLE WATER BOTTLES OF YESTERYEAR DRY AND BURIED IN SOME CUPBOARD OR DUMP.

g n i tt u P n o p a aC Bottled r e t a W

Many see this as more of a tragedy than a simple hydration transition, because of the waste bottled water creates, waste that reaches into our wallets and infiltrates our environment. But there is something convenient about disposable water containers, helping us forget the waste. For example, what am I going to do with a water bottle all day when I’m in a place that doesn’t have easy water access? Unfortunately (fortunately?) fanny pack prejudice still looms over our country. It’s much easier to grab a bottle, chug, dispose, and go hands free the rest of the day. Others say they prefer bottled water because it is cleaner, free from the contaminants in tap water of the area, which does in fact have merit. Bottled water haters aren’t having any of these excuses. They use the following stats as ammunition.

Plastic Ocean: Bottled water by the numbers More than

50 billion

bottles of water are bought each year. 26 HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

4/5

About of these bottles end up in a landfill and aren’t recycled.

Each second,

1,500

plastic water bottles are consumed in the United States.

17barrels million of oil are used in the production of bottled water each year.

Gallons of bottled water consumed, per person: 1980: 2.7 1990: 8.8 2000: 16.7

2011: 29.2

Healthy-Utah.com

Who Cares…

Numbers, numbers, numbers. So many numbers. Some don’t care, while others are taking action. More than a dozen universities have banned bottled water sales, including Washington University and Harvard’s School of Public Health. Some cities have stepped it up as well. New York, Seattle, San Francisco and Chicago’s Cook County have all banned the use of government funds to purchase bottled water. At smaller levels, bloggers, artists and activists are busy using those numbers. One person set up a stand and sold bottled air. When people laughed and wouldn’t pay, he’d ask them about their bottled water habits. But all these people have a balancing act to master, since we can’t forget what bottled water is replacing, namely soda and sugary drinks. For about two decades, soda was the number one drink in the US. Now, water is king. The average American drinks 17 percent less soda now than in 1998. That cuts more than 11,000 calories per person per year, according to Health magazine. See the glass half full, say obesity experts, and don’t push people away from water, whatever form it comes in. But the logic is still lacking, according to Author Peter H. Gleick, who writes in his book, Bottled and Sold: The Story Behind Our Obsession With Bottled Water, that people usually say they buy bottled water for four reasons: fear of their tap water, convenience, taste and style. “So we’ve turned to the bottle, convinced that paying a thousand times more for individually packaged plastic throwaway containers of water than for readily available tap water is an act of rationality rather than economic, environmental and social blindness,” he writes.

Bottled Money Bottled water costs 1,000 times more than tap water. Two liters of tap water a day will cost the average person 50 cents a year. Americans spent $21.7 billion on bottled water in 2011. Facebook.com/HealthyUT

PRODUCT REVIEW

Water Filter Pitchers

PUR 11 CUP PITCHER This PUR pitcher removes a wide variety of potential contaminants such as agricultural pesticides, industrial pollutants, pharmaceuticals and heavy metals. Lead is a common contaminant that this pitcher can handle. We like the thumb activated fill lid, and how this pitcher is neither too big or too small.

ZEROWATER 10 CUP PITCHER Using a combination of carbon filtration and an ion exchange array, the ZeroWater filter is the most complete potable water filter we found. The company name is based on the idea that their filter allows you to drink nothing but water; no dissolved solids, no contaminants, no anything else. The ion filtration involves positively and negatively charged beads that serve to remove inorganic material. We really like the spigot in the back of the pitcher which allows it to stay in the refrigerator.

EDITOR’S CHOICE

Healthy

TM

FAVORITE HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

27

Clearing the

Air

A fresh look at the some of our “green” initiatives for air quality and renewable energy. W R I T T E N B Y TAY L O R S M I T H

28 HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

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E

Everybody’s looking to “go green” these days. Planes, trains, and automobiles are all looking for sustainable sources of energy to keep us moving, while scientists and researchers everywhere are searching for the next breakthrough in ways to harness the forces of nature with wind turbines, hydroelectric energy and solar panels. Simply put, it’s a hot topic and it’s getting hotter. There are a lot of good reasons for fervor—rising energy costs, finite and diminishing amounts of petroleum and other fossil fuels, and the ever-increasing scrutiny of pollution’s effect on the environment, to name a few. There are a few things we can all agree on: no one wants to breathe dirty air, or drink contaminated water, or pay thousands upon thousands of dollars in fuel costs just to get to work. Here in Utah, we have our own environmental challenges. Air pollution and energy are topics that affect everyone, not just large corporations and industries. When it comes to what we, as individuals, can do to make a difference, we often feel that environmental issues get addressed on the larger scale—in state and national capitol buildings—not in smaller local arenas. But that’s just not true.

THE AIR UP THERE

Let’s take air quality, for example. In Utah, we have a unique set of circumstances that makes us especially prone to inversion. What is inversion, you ask? Inversion, or temperature inversion, occurs when a warmer and less dense mass of air moves over a colder, denser mass of air. This creates a non-circulating layer that can trap pollutants in the air, resulting in a smoggy, irritating haze. Furthermore, during the summer and winter months, when inversion is most common in Utah, we get very few crosswinds that would help to clear the air. All of these factors combine to awful effect, making life miserable for some who are especially sensitive to bad air. Research shows that people with chronic lung and heart disease, such as asthma or chronic allergies, cardiopulmonary disorder or heart failure, are at an especially high risk for aggravating their disease. Air pollution can even increase the risk of heart attack. So, what’s being done to combat bad air quality?

THE SMALLER SCALE

Groups like the Utah Clean Air Partnership (UCAIR) are working hard to make a real difference by acting as a “go-between” for policy makers and their constituents, facilitating important and needed legislation, while also trying to cushion the blow in the event that legislation may have adverse effects on industry. “Our mission is to educate, provide grants and loans and build partnerships with other groups to provide better air quality,” says Ted Wilson, director of UCAIR and former mayor of Salt Lake City. When describing what the average person can do to make a big difference, Wilson says, “It starts with what you do everyday.

Continued on page 30

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Continued from page 29 If one person carpools or takes TRAX to work, they cut their contribution to air pollution by 20 percent for that week.” He goes on to say that positively affecting air quality doesn’t require a major change in lifestyle. It’s the simple things that can have the biggest difference—especially as more people get on board. “Turn off your engine while you’re waiting to pick the kids up from school. Chain your errands so you cut down on the number of cold starts for car. These things make a real difference,” Wilson says. Improving air quality doesn’t mean you have to buy an electric car and put up a wind turbine in your backyard. Those things would definitely decrease your footprint, but let’s face it: changes like that don’t happen overnight and, more often than not, they’re not cheap. That’s why the simple stuff really matters.

THE LARGER SCALE

The need for renewable sources of energy is based on an indisputable fact: finite fuel sources are, well, just that: limited. There’s only so much crude oil in the world; there’s only so much coal. Additionally, we now know that burning fossil fuels has harmful effects on the environment (most notably in air quality) and the ozone. As it stands currently, U.S. power plants used renewable energy sources—hydroelectric, wood, wind, organic waste, geothermal and the sun—to produce 12 percent of our electricity in 2012. The remaining 88 percent came from fossil fuels or

30 HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

nuclear energy. The potential for pollution from sources like coal is well documented. Solar and wind energy can drastically reduce the amount of pollutants in the air. Furthermore, a study recently published in the Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences shows that it is actually cheaper to replace a typical coal-fired power plant with a wind turbine than it is to keep the old plant running. “Burning coal is a very costly way to make electricity. There are more efficient and sustainable ways to get power,” says Dr. Laurie Johnson, chief economist in the Climate and Clean Air Program at the Natural Resources Defense Council.

A FEW FACTS ABOUT WIND AND SOLAR ENERGY IN UTAH:

THE PRO’S AND CON’S

Despite its costs, many still argue against pouring money into solar, wind, geothermal, etc. claiming it will reduce the number of jobs for American workers or that solar and wind energies are inefficient and subject to the weather, so they can’t be trusted or relied upon. Furthermore, solar energy is still so expensive that the average homeowner cannot likely afford the cost of rigging up their home with a photovoltaic (PV) system. According to the latest statistics, the average cost of installing a 600 sq. ft. PV system, which is the size needed to power the average home, is $55,000. While solar energy may be expensive, it is clearly the most abundant resource available, meaning the upside is far greater. And, according to the Political Economy Research Institute at the University of Massachusetts, for every $1,000,000 invested in solar energy, there will be an additional 14 jobs for American workers. Compare that to 13 for wind power, 5 for natural gas and 7 for coal, and solar energy proves to be a better investment. Ultimately, cleaning up the air and finding sustainable sources of energy are issues that should unite us, not divide us. No matter where we stand politically, we can all agree that we all deserve clean air to breathe and sooner or later (hopefully sooner), we’ll have to find some other source of energy. We can’t always control legislation and what happens on the larger scale for sustainable energy solutions, but we can make small changes that, when added together, can make a huge difference.

The sun beams down enough energy in one hour to satisfy a year’s worth of energy needs for the entire planet. UTAH RANKS 27TH in cumulative installed solar capacity. Utah is considered to be one of the best states for solar energy production. Thanks to the rising price of oil, the rapidly falling cost of solar technologies and improvements in efficiency, SOLAR ENERGY HAS GROWN STEADILY BY 20 PERCENT OVER THE LAST 15 YEARS. Utah’s wind turbines currently account for 1.8 % of the state’s electricity. Wind turbines will help Utah avoid 500,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions per year. That’s the equivalent of taking 90,000 CARS OFF THE ROAD.

Healthy-Utah.com

When:

Saturday, May 17, 2014 1 p.m. – 4 p.m. Open House

OFFER is Planting Seeds of Hope to commemorate Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/ Have you or someone you know Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & Fibromyalgia been diagnosed with Chronic Fatigue Awareness Day this year byorhosting an Syndrome Fibromyalgia? open house.

Planting Seeds of Hope for Dr. Lucinda Bateman will give a brief presentation at 1:30 p.m. and again at 3 p.m.

Where: Division of Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired 250 North 1950 West Salt Lake City, Utah 84116

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & Fibromyalgia Easy to find – One block north of W. North Temple, two blocks west of Redwood

Has your fatigue or body pain gone

Join us to connectundiagnosed? with other patients and families and learn about CURRENT infor Do you suspect that you are mation on a variety of illness among the 1-4management million people the CDC topics at the Informationestimates Stations.has Chronic Fatigue Syndrome? Of the 5

The event is free but weestimated need you million to suffer with Fibromyalgia? to RSVP.

The Organization for Fatigue Fibromyalgia For more detailed information and to RSVP Education and Research (OFFER) is a Utah visit the Eventbrite page: non-profit founded in 2002 to provide desperately needed There will be plenty of chairs, tables and gathering areas http://goo.gl/tHgvOP or resources, support and hope A Patient and Family Event Sponsored by OFFER to patients and their families. UPCOMING PATIENT AND FAMILY EVENTS to sit and rest and to share information and friendship. www.offerutah.org/2014Mayactivity.html

SAT. MAY 17, Awareness Event in SLC: Planting Seeds of Hope

Check-out OFFER’s website to learn more about upcoming events, subYouth Room | OFFER Conference Registration | OFFER Boutique | scribe Drawings | Refreshments commemorate Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/ to monthly e-news publication. 1 p.m. – 4 p.m. Open House Educational/support meetings 1st Wed. each month at Salt Lake County council chambers When:

SAT. SEPT.May 13,17, Patient Sheraton. OFFER is Planting Seeds of Hope to Saturday, 2014 Conference at SLC downtown Dr. Lucinda Bateman will give a brief presentation at 1:30 p.m. and again at 3 p.m.

OFFER

Where: Division of Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired 250 North 1950 West Salt Lake City, Utah 84116

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & Fibromyalgia Awareness Day this year by hosting an open house.

Join us to connect with other patients and offerutah.org families andfor learn about CURRENT infor The Organization support@offerutah.org on a variety of illness management Fatigue &mation Fibromyalgia facebook/offerutah topics at the Information Stations. Education & Research The event is free but we need you 801-328-8080

Easy to find – One block north of W. North Temple, two blocks west of Redwood

to RSVP.

For more detailed information and to RSVP visit the Eventbrite page: There will be plenty of chairs, tables and gathering areas http://goo.gl/tHgvOP or to sit and rest and to share information and friendship. www.offerutah.org/2014Mayactivity.html

LOOK AS YOUNG AS YOU FEEL

Youth Room | OFFER Conference Registration | OFFER Boutique | Drawings | Refreshments

OFFER

The Organization for Fatigue & Fibromyalgia Education & Research

Are varicose or spider veins causing you to suffer from unsightly, uncomfortable, heavy, and fatiqued legs? offerutah.org Suffer no more.

support@offerutah.org facebook/offerutah

The Vein Care Center at Jordan Valley Medical Center focuses exclusively on the treatment of veins. Care is provided by Dr. Craig Wilkinson, who is board-certified by the American Board of Surgery. He offers years of experience and expertise, combined with the latest treatment options.

801-328-8080

The Vein Care Center is the only practice in the market to offer IV sedation to minimize discomfort during and after the procedure. You deserve the attractive and comfortable legs you once enjoyed. Don’t delay. Call for a consultation today.

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Vein Care Center Where healthy legs begin.

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HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

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Green Cleaning How homemade cleaning products are greener for the environment and your wallet

Glass Cleaner

• 2 cups water • 1/2 cup white or cider vinegar • 1/4 cup rubbing alcohol (70 percent concentration) • 1 to 2 drops of orange essential oil, which gives the solution a lovely smell (optional)

WR I T T E N B Y A NG E L A S I LVA

Great for: Windows and mirrors How to use: Combine ingredients

F

rom carpet and upholstery to dishes and laundry, nearly every surface of your home can be cleaned safely, effectively and inexpensively with homemade cleaning products. Many people have turned to making their own cleaners to avoid the toxins and harsh chemicals found in commercial cleaning products. Asthma, allergies, chemical burns, and poisonings are among some of the concerns associated with the chemicals in cleaning products as evaluated by a group of researchers known as the Environmental Working Group. Making your own cleaning products is not only safer for your health and the environment, but will save you money. Some initial concerns many people have when presented with the idea of making their own cleaning products are the availability of the ingredients and the difficulty of making the cleaners. As it turns out, you probably already have a lot of the ingredients needed to make these homemade cleaning concoctions in your home. Simple, inexpensive household items such as vinegar, baking soda, and hydrogen peroxide can be used for a variety of cleaning tasks. Vinegar can be used either in solution or undiluted to tackle dirt, soap scum, hard water deposits, and even as a general disinfectant. The natural deodorizing properties of baking soda along with its slight abrasiveness make it useful as a scrub for grime or water deposits. Hydrogen peroxide can be used for window cleaning and even removing stains from clothing or upholstery. One of the most regularly purchased but most expensive cleaning products is laundry detergent, but you can even make that yourself, too. Here is a simple recipe for powdered laundry detergent that costs about $0.05 per load. All of the required ingredients are available at local merchandise or hardware stores.

32 HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

and store in a spray bottle. Spray some solution on a paper towel or soft cloth first, then on the glass. To get smudge-free glass, rub vertically on one side and horizontally on the other. Hint: Don’t clean windows on a hot, sunny day, because the solution will dry too quickly and leave lots of streaks.

Homemade Powdered Laundry Detergent Ingredients

›› 1 bar of Fels-Naptha soap (under $2 per bar) ›› 2 cups of Arm & Hammer Super Washing Soda (under $3.50 for 55 ounces) ›› 2 cups of Borax (under $4 for 76 ounces)

Scrub

• Half a lemon • 1/2 cup borax (a laundry booster; find it in the detergent aisle)

Blender or food processor

Great for: Rust stains on porcelain or enamel sinks and tubs

Instructions

How to use: Dip lemon into borax

Cut the bar of soap into the smallest pieces possible so they are manageable to the blender or food processor. Add the washing soda and borax to the cut-up soap pieces, and blend thoroughly. Transfer the soap into a large jar or storage container of your choice. Use 1/8 of a cup for normal loads of laundry and ¼ of a cup for heavily soiled loads of laundry. This recipe makes enough soap for 48 loads of laundry.

and scrub surface; rinse. (Not safe for marble or granite.)

Grease Cleaner

• 1/2 cup sudsy ammonia mixed with enough water to fill a one-gallon container. (Sudsy ammonia, which has detergent in it, helps remove tough grime.)

Great for: Oven hoods, grills How to use: Dip sponge or mop in solution and wipe over surface, then rinse area with clear water.

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RESEARCH STUDY PARTICIPANTS NEEDED Do you have a health indication listed? Call for a conямБdential screening.

OVERACTIVE BLADDER HOT FLASHES ANNUAL PAP SMEAR AMENNORHEA (LACK OF MENSTRUAL CYCLES)

ENDOMETRIOSIS Corner Canyon OB/GYN ASK FOR RESEARCH

Inquire online at www.PROSLC.com

CALL 801-352-9228

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All study medical and laboratory (x-rays, MRI, if applicable) provided by study. Time and travel compensation available. Health Insurance not needed.

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Old Dish Soap Bottles Make pancake batter, put it in a (very) wellcleaned dish soap bottle. Not only does it give you perfect-sized pancakes, but keep left-over batter in the fridge for and easy breakfast tomorrow.

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35

Not all SOAPS are created equal W RIT T EN B Y A NG EL A S I LVA

W

e all want to do what’s best for ourselves and our families when it comes to preventing illnesses. One of the most basic ways to prevent illness is through hand-washing. But how do we know if the soap we’re using is actually helping to eliminate germs and clean our hands? Here are a few tips to make sure you’re using the best soap to get rid of germs.

LIQUID OR SOLID? Whenever

possible, use liquid soap instead of bar soap. Bar soap often sits in water between uses and can be heavily contaminated with bacteria. In addition, young children often lack the dexterity to effectively use bar soap and many people do not rinse the bar of soap after using. Skin infections can be spread by sharing bar soaps.

NAME BRAND OR STORE BRAND?

Most soaps contain the same basic structure – a salt from a fatty acid. These salt molecules attach to the dirt, oil or grime on our hands and suspend them in the water until we rinse them away. A lot of soaps differ in price because of added fragrances or moisturizers. For the purpose of cleaning hands, store-brand soap is just as effective as expensive name-brand soap. Any additional qualities of soap can help other hand conditions, such as dryness.

PLAIN OR ANTIBACTERIAL?

Recent research has shown that antibacterial soap is no more effective at killing germs than plain soap. In fact, antibiotic soaps may even contribute to bacterial resistance. The main ingredient in antibacterial soap, called triclosan, has not only been suspected of creating bacterial resistance but may also alter the way hormones work in the body. Because of these claims and since antibacterial soaps are so widely-used, the FDA released a statement saying that they will be further investigating the effectiveness of triclosan to ensure safety for consumers. Plain soaps should be used in the home and in public places, but hospital settings may require antibacterial soap.

IF I’M ALLERGIC TO SOAP, WHAT ARE MY OPTIONS?

An allergy to soap is called Contact Dermatitis. A reaction most often includes a rash, which may sometimes be painful or itchy. The allergy is most often in response to the added fragrances or colors to the soap. A few product lines offer hypoallergenic soaps for those who suffer from this allergy. Aveeno products are recommended because they contain colloidal oatmeal as an active ingredient, which has anti-itch properties. Olive Oil soaps often have less added preservatives and fragrances, making them safe for people with allergies.

36 HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

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The Controversy of

Medical Marijuana

M

Marijuana has become a heated topic in this country. Once seen only as an illicit recreational drug, it is now popular opinion that marijuana has legitimate medicinal uses. There are varying opinions on its merits and its unfavorable results. Discovery Health lists five common uses of medical marijuana. First of all, it has been shown to be effective in reducing symptoms of nausea. A study by the National Cancer Institute demonstrated that two marijuana-based drugs, dronabinol and nabilone, were effective in alleviating the nausea and vomiting that result from chemotherapy treatment. Through internal chemical mechanisms, marijuana dulls senses to symptoms. Medical marijuana has also been shown to stimulate appetite in those who experience an unhealthy decrease in appetite, such as patients with HIV/AIDS or late-stage cancer. However, it can also increase appetite in those at a healthy weight, leading to overconsumption of unhealthy foods. For those suffering from muscle tension, medical marijuana can be an effective tool to relax tense muscles. In a study by the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, medical marijuana can not only relax tense muscles, but can also decrease tremors and muscle stiffness. Furthermore, medical marijuana has shown to be effective in the management of general chronic pain. Lastly, those suffering from insomnia may experience relief by taking medical marijuana. The National Cancer Institute reported that not only did test patients experience a reduction in insomnia, but also experienced more restful sleep.

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WRITTEN BY BY C AITLIN SCHILLE

Some states, such as Washington and Colorado, have completely legalized marijuana. According to the Huffington Post, it is estimated that Washington State has approximately 750,000 marijuana users, who consumed 135 to 225 metric tons of the drug in 2013. Other states may follow suit due to the economic benefits Washington State and Colorado have experienced. Both states have placed a 25% tax on marijuana. According to entrepreneur. com, Colorado will see $70 million in additional taxes, with that revenue being put toward public schools. Because legal marijuana can replace more dangerous illegal drugs, the Cato Institute estimates that legal marijuana sales, reduced drug enforcement for hard drugs, and increased tax revenue would be worth $17 billion to states. So, with the various health benefits of medical marijuana, why hasn’t it been legalized across the board?

The fact remains that marijuana is a highly addictive drug The National Institute on Drug Abuse defines marijuana as highly addictive, or the state where an individual has great difficulty controlling drug use and are unable to cease drug use even when it negatively impacts other areas of life. Because it is so highly addictive, quitting marijuana can result in withdrawal symptoms such as irritability, sleeping

difficulties, cravings, anxiety, and aggression. Marijuana can also negatively affect the children of users, particularly during pregnancy. Studies indicate that children exposed to marijuana in utero have problems with neurological development. Negative effects on the health of the user are also apparent. Marijuana targets the areas of the brain, which control balance, coordination, posture, and timely reaction to stimuli. Additionally, many marijuana users experience memory impairment. This drug affects more areas of the body than just the brain. Use of marijuana increases heart rate, raises blood pressure, and reduces the body’s ability to transport oxygen. Some are also concerned that those desiring medical marijuana need more education on the side effects and risks of marijuana use, even in medical form. Furthermore, there are concerns about those who would abuse the system and claim medical use in order to legally secure the drug. While the argument for the legalization of medical marijuana has valid and tempting points, the fact remains that marijuana is a highly addictive drug. As it stands, the drug may pose too many dangers to the user and others to be able to be appropriately sanctioned by a government. Sources: www.drugabuse.gov/publications/marijuana-abuse/marijuana-addictive www.drugabuse.gov/publications/marijuana-abuse/can-marijuana-use-during-pregnancy-harm-baby www.drugabuse.gov/publications/marijuana-abuse/how-does-marijuana-use-affect-your-brain-body health.howstuffworks.com/wellness/drugs-alcohol/5-common-uses-of-medical-cannabis.htm#page=1 www.wkbw.com/news/249344781.html www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/12/18/washington-marijuana-use_n_4467244.html www.entrepreneur.com/article/230942

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Green Smoothies   An Expert’s Guide

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Healthy-Utah.com

10 Minutes a Day to Change Your Nutrition Forever

WRITTEN BY ROBYN OPENSHAW GreenSmoothieGirl.com founder and nationwide lecturer

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T

The green smoothie craze is sweeping the nation! Everyone wants to be healthier, and no one wants to slave away in the kitchen for hours.   But I’ve already been a believer for 20 years. I used to weigh over 200 pounds, and had 21 diagnosed diseases. I was depressed, low-energy, and an unhappy young mom whose main goal in life was to survive until I could climb in my bed at night again. I also had a very sick baby, who had life-threatening asthma and was below the 5th percentile for weight at 15 months old. He was on lots of drugs, including steroids, antibiotics, and bronchodilators.   As “standard of care” medicine failed me, I began to look for other solutions, besides the many drugs we were prescribed for our many problems. I discovered the possibility that the Standard American Diet could be at the root of our troubles. A holistic practitioner told me to eliminate processed meat, dairy, and white flour and sugar. I made a goal to eat a 60 to 80 percent raw, 95 percent plant based diet.   That has now been my diet for 20 years. At 135 pounds, I eat more food than I did when I weighed 206—and I actually enjoy it more! Within a year of making that game-changing shift to whole foods, my baby returned to full health, and a normal weight, and would never need medications again. In 2012, he led his team at Timpanogos High School to the Utah state 4A baseball playoffs and was named MVP for his clutch pitching, two grand slams, and grace under pressure. My baby boy is now 6’4” and got to live his destiny, instead of languish in hospitals as a Failure to Thrive baby.   And I lost 70 pounds without counting calories, and without suffering. All we did is learn to eat whole, unprocessed foods. And we stopped eating the soda, hot dogs, nachos, ice cream, chips, popsicles, raisin bread, dairy milk, and all the other inappropriate food that we had been our staples.

Continued on page 40

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Continued from page 39

---------- Smoothie Guide ----------Make sure your green smoothie isn’t really a high-sugars fruit smoothie, with a handful of greens added. Try to keep the greens content as high as possible. Most people do great with a 1:1:1 ratio of water, greens, and fruit. If you are used to your foods being very sweet, try to wean yourself off, but use stevia (an herbal sweetener) if this recipe isn’t sweet enough for you:  

GreenSmoothieGirl’s

Fast Green Food

Green smoothies are the only “fast food” that, by drinking a quart (4 cups) a day, can give you 10 or more servings of raw, leafy greens and fruit, with minimal prep time in the kitchen. Kale, collards, chard, spinach, cabbage—all that good stuff that you mean to eat, but never makes it into your diet? Just throw it in the blender. Don’t cook it. Just blend it.   At GreenSmoothieGirl.com, which I founded, we teach simple ways to eat whole foods to restore good health, with minimal effort. And we prove that eating right can be delicious, and even inexpensive.   We find that green smoothies give people a jump start. All by itself, the green smoothie isn’t enough to supplant the toxic Standard American Diet. But my research shows that people begin to notice very significant health gains by implementing this one great habit. Many wonder, “If I feel this good adding raw plant foods my diet, how much better will I feel if I learn and do more?”   Then our hope is that people will tackle more of the habits we teach that have served human beings well for thousands of years, before, as a culture, we adopted the S.A.D. (Standard American Diet) and the drug approach to health.   We teach many nutrition habits that are game-changers. But we start with green smoothies, since just about anyone will implement them, and the only equipment you need is a blender.   In my nationwide speaking tour, I visit 86 cities this year to give a lecture about how good nutrition affects every aspect of life. From regaining your energy and finding your weight, to finding your ability to advance your career, to your ability to love others better, and even to finding your life’s highest purposes, choosing good fuel is foundational! Eating lots of plants in their natural state is the #1 key to that.   

ROBYN OPENSHAW has degrees from BYU and the University of Utah and is the author of 14 books, including the bestselling The Green Smoothies Diet and the course 12 Steps to Whole Foods. She is the founder of GreenSmoothieGirl.com, a top-rated wellness site teaching people to eat whole foods. She lectures in an 86-city tour in 2014 promoting her two new books, How to Eat Right In the Real World, and How to Raise Healthy Eaters. She is a competitive athlete and single mom of 4 teenage and young adult children.

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Ultimate Green Smoothie  

       

• 2 3/4 cups water • Spinach, kale, collards, chard, etc., added to the water until, blended, it reaches the 5 1/2-cup mark • Banana, apple, mixed berries, etc., added to the mixture until, blended, it reaches about 7 ¾ cup mark • 1 scoop GreenSmoothieGirl TriOmega (sprouted broccoli, chia, flax seed for essential fatty acids) • 1 scoop GreenSmoothieGirl Vanilla or Chocolate Organic Vegan protein powder (for slowing impact on blood sugar, building muscle mass)

  Blend all for 90 seconds on high speed, or until smooth!   What types of greens should you use? What matters more is, use a wide variety, and choose organic options! Remember, primates, with whom we share 98% of our DNA, graze in the forest. They have no degenerative disease while living in the wild. They don’t eat exclusively giant tubs of spinach! Nor do they eat one tree down to a nub. They graze on a variety of greens, because each has a different nutritional profile.

Blender Choices A high-powered blender like a Blendtec, is a great investment, to improve your health. Blendtec is a local Utah company and makes the best blender in the world. I use mine for not just supersmooth green smoothies, but also salad dressings, soups, desserts, and more. The possibilities to make whole foods that taste great are endless! Costco has a great deal on Blendtecs, and a great warranty.

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41

GREE N The Color of Weight Loss?

Are GREEN TEA and GREEN COFFEE BEAN weight loss pills all they’re claimed to be? WRITTEN BY BY TAYLOR SMITH

42 HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

Healthy-Utah.com

Some are claiming that we’re closer than you might think to that magic weight loss pill and that we have the color green to thank for it.

WEIGHT LOSS PILLS—WE DISMISS THEM OUT OF HAND, LARGELY BECAUSE WE THINK THEY’RE TOO GOOD TO BE TRUE. IF THERE WERE SOME MAGIC PILL THAT COULD HELP US LOSE WEIGHT, OBESITY WOULDN’T BE A WORLDWIDE EPIDEMIC PROJECTED TO BE THE NUMBER ONE CAUSE OF DEATH AROUND THE WORLD BY 2015, WOULD IT? Some are claiming that we’re closer than you might think to that magic weight loss pill and that we have the color green to thank for it. Green tea is well documented for containing large amounts of a powerful antioxidant called polyphenols, which has been shown to help fight cancer, heart disease and bad cholesterol. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, “Green tea has been extensively studied in people, animals and laboratory experiments” and studies suggest that green tea may be helpful at treating a number of health conditions from bladder and stomach cancer to obesity. A study from Japan indicated that taking 690 mg of catechins, believed to be the active fat-fighting agent in green tea, for 12 weeks reduced body fat. This study supports the popular idea that green extract can boost our metabolism and help us burn away that extra fat. Another popular, although less studied, health food is the green coffee bean, which, according to a preliminary study published by Dovepress scientific research journal, helps reduce the body mass index (BMI) of overweight individuals over a 22-week period. These 16 individuals (eight men and eight women) all had similar diet and exercise patterns. All 16 participants showed statistically significant weight loss, many of them moving back into the normal BMI range. Furthermore, 14 of the 16 participants were able to

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maintain their weight loss after the completion of the study. Skepticism remains, however, and continues to surround nutraceuticals like green tea extract and green coffee bean extract. As it stands, there is only one FDA approved over-thecounter weight loss aid, and it does not make use of the active ingredients in green tea or green coffee bean extracts. The fact that these supplements and weight loss aids are not yet FDA approved is important. The proponents of green tea and green coffee bean extract will tell you the FDA is on the payroll of the big pharmaceutical companies, so they don’t want the public to have access to these miracle pills. On the other hand, the FDA counters that there’s not enough scientific evidence to support these rather lofty claims. In fact, most researchers who study the effects of green tea and green coffee bean extract are quick to report that there remain gaps in clinical evidence and that further research is necessary. Dr. Vinson, head author of the study published by Dovepress, admits, “There have been few human studies with green coffee extract,” while others agree that we simply do not know enough about the nature of these nutraceuticals to substantiate any claim for weight loss. Furthermore, the FDA issues warnings on an almost weekly

basis about dietary supplements and weight loss aids that contain hidden ingredients that are sometimes banned in the US for being damaging to our bodies. Countless others have been warned for making false or otherwise unsubstantiated health claims. So, what does this mean? Simply put, the jury is still out on green tea and green coffee bean extracts. It is entirely possible that supplementing a healthy diet and regular exercise with one of these fat-burners could help you achieve your weight loss goals. Yet, these weight loss aids might do harm as well. Because green tea and green coffee bean extracts almost always come with caffeine, the possibility for complications with other medications is a real hazard. Some people unwittingly stick to their normal dietary habits, which may include lots or coffee or soda, and end up taking in too much caffeine. This can affect heart rhythm or sleep patterns and result in many other potential side effects. If there’s any take away from the green tea and coffee extract debate it’s that there’s no easy fix to obesity. Neither green tea nor green coffee bean extract claim to make people skinny with no effort on their part. They might help you lose weight, but only if you’re already moving. They won’t do the work for you. If you’re looking for a little extra help, it might be worth a try, but just remember, there’s no substitute for eating right and regular exercise.

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PASTELS The key to dressing for spring when it still feels like winter W R I T T E N B Y AU B RY LY B B E RT

OUTERWEAR

Shades of pink and blue are popular options when it comes to spring outerwear. For cooler climates, a pastel wool blend is both functional and fashionable. Need something light? Go for a faux leather jacket in powder hue. 

Pastel Car Coat ($145): Find more great styles like this at oasis.andotherbrands. com

Zara Pastel Coloured Faux Leather Jacket ($129):  Find this and more styles at www.zara.com

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POLISH AC C E S S O R I E S

Pastel accessories really pack a punch. Simply add a structured purse or statement necklace to incorporate spring’s candy colored trend.

A little bit of polish goes a long way, especially when it’s made by Deborah Lippman, I’ve found. The Spring Reveries Nail Collection features the season’s sweetest pastels and provides long-lasting wear.

Lavendar Jacarandas Handbag ($68): You can find this bag and other great accessories at www.shabbyapple.com

Anthropologie Mayura Necklace ($58):  www.anthropolgie.com Deborah Lippman Spring Collection via Sephora ($18): www.sephora.com

SHOES

Shoes are a great way to incorporate a pastel pop of color. Try a pair of pale pink heels for a weekday, office appropriate look. On the weekends, replace the heels with seafoam green sneakers to run errands or grab brunch.   

Everly Suede Pump ($245):  www.jcrew.com

Pastel Green Superga ($75): www.superga.co.uk

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GO GREEN recipes

Kale Waldorf Salad This version of the classic American salad replaces iceberg lettuce with heart-healthy kale and the mayonnaise with a delicious oil-free blended dressing. The key is to cut the kale very finely to allow it to soften properly. Makes 1 to 2 main-course or 3 side salads 1⁄4 cup raw cashews, soaked (see Tips) 2 cups thinly sliced trimmed kale (see Tips) 2 tbsp cold-pressed (extra virgin) olive oil 1⁄4 cup freshly squeezed lemon juice, divided 1 tbsp apple cider vinegar, divided 2 tsp fine sea salt, divided 1 cup thinly sliced tart apple, divided 1⁄2 cup thinly sliced celery, divided 1⁄2 cup filtered water 1⁄2 cup walnuts, halves or pieces 1⁄4 cup raisins

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1. 2.

In a bowl, toss together kale, olive oil, 2 tsp lemon juice, 1 tsp cider vinegar and 1 tsp salt. Set aside to soften for 10 minutes. Transfer to a serving dish. In a blender, combine 1⁄2 cup apple, 1⁄4 cup celery, water, soaked cashews and remaining lemon juice, vinegar and salt. Blend at high speed until smooth and creamy. Pour over softened kale. Add walnuts, raisins and remaining apple and celery and toss. Set aside to marinate for 5 minutes. Serve immediately.

Tips

To soak the cashews for this recipe, place in a bowl and add 1⁄2 cup water. Cover and set aside for 20 minutes. Drain, discarding soaking water, and rinse under cold running water until the water runs clear. Before chopping the kale, remove the long stem that runs up through the leaf almost to the top of the plant. Use only the leafy green parts.

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Moroccan Chickpea Stew This slightly sweet and savory dish is perfectly spiced, and I guarantee it will excite your palate. You will need to start this recipe well ahead of time in order to accommodate soaking the chickpeas. Makes 4 servings

• • 1⁄2 cup 1⁄2 cup 3 cups 2 tbsp 2 2 tbsp 1 tbsp 1 tbsp 1⁄2 tsp 1⁄4 tsp Pinch Pinch Pinch 1 cup 1 cup 1⁄2 cup 1⁄2 cup

Spiral vegetable slicer (optional) Electric food dehydrator dried chickpeas, soaked (see Tips) dry-packed sun-dried tomatoes, soaked (see Tips, left) chopped tomatoes chopped red onion cloves garlic raw agave nectar freshly squeezed lemon juice ground cumin ground cinnamon ground turmeric fine sea salt freshly ground black pepper cayenne pepper sweet potato strips (see Tips) roughly chopped cilantro leaves finely diced carrot finely diced red bell pepper

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1. 2. 3.

In a food processor, process chopped tomatoes, onion, garlic, soaked sun-dried tomatoes and 1⁄4 cup of their soaking liquid, until smooth. Add agave nectar, lemon juice, cumin, cinnamon, turmeric, salt, pepper and cayenne and process until incorporated, stopping the machine once to scrape down the sides with a rubber spatula. Transfer to a bowl. Add sweet potato, cilantro, carrot, bell pepper and soaked chickpeas and stir well. Transfer to a shallow casserole-type dish and dehydrate at 105°F for 30 minutes, until mixture is warmed through.

Tips

To soak the chickpeas for this recipe, combine in a bowl with 2 cups water. Cover and set aside in the refrigerator for at least 8 hours or overnight. Drain and rinse well under cold running water. To soak the sun-dried tomatoes for this recipe, place in a bowl and cover with 1 cup water. Set aside for 30 minutes. Drain, reserving liquid. If using a spiral vegetable slicer (often called a spiralizer) to make sweet potato strips, fit the machine with the smallest blade. Position the peeled sweet potato according to the manufacturer’s instructions and cut into thin strips. If you do not have a spiralizer, use a vegetable peeler, preferably Y-shaped, to make long, thin slices. If you are using a dehydrator with fixed depth between the racks, divide the mixture between 4 smaller dishes that fit on the racks and use multiple racks, as necessary.

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the science of a

STOMACH ache

WRITTEN BY KARLI MOATS

T

he stomach ache: our worst enemy.  

We are all familiar with the sudden uncomfortable pain that pokes our bellies at the most inconvenient times.  Whether it be those churning sounds on a date, or a necessary grocery stop for Tums, we have all experienced those moments of tummy defeat.  And yet, the pivotal questions still remain.  Why does my stomach hurt? What are those weird sounds transpiring from my belly? Let’s dissect these intestinal issues and finally put a stop to these avoidable aches!

A great place to start when dealing with your stomach is to ask yourself a simple question:  What have you put in your body today?  If sugar is found anywhere in your answer, we have found a major culprit.  Sugar, although it may be a treat for your tastebuds, can be destructive to your belly.  When sugar enters our bodies it begins to be broken down first in the mouth and then in the stomach.  Minerals and vitamins are sent throughout the body to help break down sugar and assist in digestion.  However, when extreme amounts of sugar are recognized, our bodies are in a state of confusion, ultimately leading to our stomach’s demise.  Sugar can sabotage your body and cause fat storage. Excess glucose involves a very simple concept. Anytime you have filled your body with more fuel than it actually needs (and this is very easy to do when eating foods with high sugar content), your liver’s sugar storage capacity is exceeded. When the liver is maximally full,

48 HEALTHY UTAH APRIL 2014

yourself carry around the whole box of M&M’s.  If you really need them, put 5 in a baggy and take that with you.  The sugar rush is still there, with half the calories and half the stomach ache.

the excess sugar is converted by the liver into fatty acids and returned to the bloodstream, where it is taken throughout your body and stored wherever you tend to store adipose fat cells, including, but not limited to, the popular regions of the stomach, hips, butt, and breasts.  Our bellies are overworked, causing us to feel sluggish, sleepy and sick.  

3 . D O N ’ T CO N F U S E S T R E S S AND HUNGER —

Stress is another major catalyst of stomach issues. When we are stressed we often are quick to eat whatever is around us.  A bag of cookies, those greasy chips, anything we can get our hands on.  In result, we feel sick, guilty and even more stressed than when we started.  When we feel those moments of chaos coming over us, don’t reach for the food, instead reach for the things that calm you down.  Whether it be a stroll in the park, listening to a song, or some breathing exercises, your tummy will thank you for handling your hectic days without stuffing your face.

S O N O W W H AT ?

We know the science of stomach aches, but how do we put a stop to belly pains forever?  The answer is short and sweet, stop and talk to your tummy.  In health, it is important to be realistic.  In this day and age it’s not realistic to cut out all sugar intake.  We are in a war zone of desserts, high-fructose corn syrup and artificial ingredients.  But here are a couple of ideas:

1. F R U I T F R E N Z Y —

Stomach issues are common. Honestly, if we wanted to be rid of them forever we would need to say no to food, stress and frankly, everyday life.  However, through the careful watch of our diets, especially sugar, we can tame these frequent aches. If you are having recurrent pains, or showing severe symptoms, see a doctor.  Belly aches can be linked with gallstones, Gastroesophageal reflux disease, appendicitis and even cancer.  Do not hesitate to see a professional. Listen to your body and be kind to your tummy.  Trust me, our bellies will thank us.

When your body is craving that candy bar, reach for a piece of fruit instead.  Fruit contains natural sugars that are easier for your body to break down.  You will still get that sugary buzz you wanted, but you will feel more full and your stomach will smile.

2. C U T I T I N H A L F —

Sugar is like a drug. It is one of those things you know you should not overeat, but one sweet bite and you are hooked.  It sends your brain on a roller coaster ride wanting more.  So why are we so surprised when we tell ourselves we will have one M&M and next thing we know the whole box is gone? Here is a solution— portion control.  Don’t let

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GET YOUR LIFE BACK ON TRACK WITH NEW SPINE TREATMENTS. thesmartclinic.com

Herniated disc? Spinal problems? Think major surgery is your only option? Not anymore. Ground-breaking procedures

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SMART F.I.T.

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Spinal Cord Stimulation: Tiny electrical impulses are sent to the nerves through small, flexible medical wires. Those impulses mask the pain signals going to the brain Discography: Investigates and establishes the role of intervertebral discs in the production of low back pain. Radio frequency (RF) Nerve Ablation: A therapeutic procedure designed to decrease or eliminate pain symptoms within spinal facets by temporarily deactivating minor nerves around the spine. Rehabilitation Therapy: Land and aquatic based therapies administered by certified physical therapists, athletic trainers and sports kinesiologists.

SMART F.I.T. (Functional Innovative Training) is a dynamic fitness program created by our physicians, physical therapists, and personal trainers. It is a multifaceted approach to fitness and wellness. The innovative cardiostrengthening program is based on exercise science and is individualized for your specific goals. It is designed to burn fat and strengthen muscles, as it synergistically improves your cardiovascular system. Since there is no set way of training, the body must be constantly challenged in different ways in order for the muscles to adapt and respond to functional activities. The program incorporates plyo-metrics, kickboxing, stability training, cardiovascular training, functional movements, suspension training, balance awareness, and strength training. Group sessions are available (2-5 at a time). Visit www.thesmartclinic.com to get started today.

The SMART Clinic, fully staffed by board certified physicians, provides a comprehensive diagnostic, management and treatment facility with hospital and surgery center credentialing-the highest credentials possible. Their ground breaking endoscopic and minimally invasive treatments are equally as effective as conventional surgery-without the risk, pain, scarring and lengthy recovery associated with traditional, invasive procedures.

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--------------------------------

HEALTHY MAGAZINE

-------------------------------ADVISOR BEAUTY CLIENT CLIENT CONTENT CONTENT

Herbs that are very effective at relieving pain, itch and inflammation include: White Willow Bark, Arnica Montana, Calendula, St. John’s Wort and Poke.

Rash Relief WRITTEN BY STE VE N R . F RANK

Herbs that are very effective at relieving pain, itch and inflammation include: White Willow Bark, Arnica Montana, Calendula, St. John’s Wort and Poke.

A

rash can be caused by any number of things from an allergic reaction to infection. Often times, they appear and disappear on their own and the cause is never truly known. In some cases, the rash can persist for long periods of time and cause significant skin damage. These are usually called eczema or acute contact dermatitis. In either case, certain requirements need to be met in order to cause repression of the condition. Eczema is often a combination of a bacteria and a virus or a bacteria and a fungus. This difficult combination must be approached with more than a symptom relieving steroidal cream or it will persist. Getting rid of the cause requires antifungal, anti-bacterial and anti-viral agents. But first and foremost, the symptoms of a rash usually include pain, itching and inflammation. These need to be dealt with for the comfort of the patient. Herbs that are very effective at relieving pain, itch and inflammation include: White Willow Bark, Arnica Montana, Calendula, St. John’s Wort and Poke. The combination of these herbs quiets the over-active nerves allowing for a relief from the pain, itch and inflammation. Since the cause of the outbreak can be fungal, bacterial or viral, we need some herbs that will address these causative agents and stop their progress. For this, one can utilize: Poke, Chaparral, Blood Root, Neem, Burdock and Humic Acid. This powerful group of natural constituents will shut-down the invasions that cause most cases of eczema. Stopping the cause is essential to healing the skin. The third step in the holistic process of relieving the dermatitis is to help the body heal the damaged skin. More rapid skin repair is accomplished by employing cell proliferators. These are Calendula, Chickweed and of course Comfrey. One can also enable healthy skin by providing essential oils that are found in a tropical oil blend. This wonderful balance of herbs and oils can be set in a base of Aloe Vera to condition the region and balance the skin while the healing process advances. This three step process of relieving the symptoms, treating the cause and then enabling the body to repair the damage is the cornerstone of a truly wholistic formulation.

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Steve Frank

Nature’s Rite 1-800-991-7088 MyNaturesRite.com Steve Frank is an Herbalist with many years of experience in treating health issues using indigenous plants and herbs. He has studied the actions of these natural remedies in the clinic and the laboratory so that he can combine the best that science and ancient wisdom have to offer. Mr. Frank can be reached with questions at stevef@ NaturesRiteRemedies.com His blog can be found on www. MyNaturesRite.com

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-------------------------------ADVISOR BEAUTY CLIENT CLIENT CONTENT CONTENT

Don’t Forget Your

Sunscreen! W

hile I hope you have been wearing your sunscreen all winter long, spring is a great time to remind you just how important sunscreen is. As a plastic surgeon, I have done a lot of skin cancer reconstruction in my practice. While reconstruction can get you great results, I would much rather get to see you for the exciting parts of remaking your life through plastic surgery. The scary parts, like cancer, are much less fun. So put sunscreen on every day. This is especially true for your face. You may not think you are in the sun enough to make facial sun screen all that important. But I disagree! According to the Centers for Disease Control, statistics updated in 2014 show that Utah has among the highest rates of skin cancer in the nation. Sadly, Utah also has among the highest rates of death from melanoma, an aggressive form of skin cancer (www.cdc.gov/cancer/skin/statistics/ state.htm). The Utah Cancer Association Network claims that “Utah has one of the two highest rates of skin cancer in the country” (www.ucan.cc). Why? We don’t know all the reasons. Part of it is Utahn’s healthy outdoor lifestyle. Statistics show that Utah is the 7th least obese state and our high school kids are the 3rd least obese (http://fasinfat. org/states/ut/). That’s fantastic news. But we need to do a better job of protecting our skin while we are outside being healthy. A second factor to consider is the population makeup of Utah. There are a lot of people here of Northern European descent living in a very sunny, high altitude climate (think pioneers). Our skin is just not prepared to handle those kinds of conditions. There are both health and beauty reasons to remember your sunscreen. Sun

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rays damage skin cells. That damage can change the texture and quality of your skin. Radiation increases damage to skin that contributes to wrinkles and dark spots. We have dark spots, called sun or age spots, because our skin cells are essentially damaged. They can no longer regulate their production of melanin and so they overproduce this skin pigment causing a darkening of the skin. Some products remove these dark spots by bleaching the skin from the outside in. Generally, this won’t repair the actual cells so, while the effects may be masked, the damage remains. In our office we sell a skin care line called NIA 24 that is a niacin based skin care regime that repairs skin cells from the inside out. Continued sun damage can lead to skin cells so damaged that they can no longer regulate their ability to reproduce or replicate. That is what we call skin cancer. Fortunately, not all skin cancer is fatal. Many skin cancers grow and destroy skin and surrounding structures. This type of skin cancer will require removal and probable reconstruction of the skin surface, but those cancer cells rarely spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma is different. Melanoma is an aggressive form of skin cancer that can spread to other organs and parts of the body. Melanoma can be fatal. Do your research. SPF standards are not regulated by the FDA and many claims are not validated by research. There are a few companies that have taken the time and expense to validate their own products. A great over-thecounter facial sunscreen is Neutrogena Healthy Skin with Helioplex. Neutrogena

has gained industry respect for their SPF testing. Wear facial sun screen every day, not just to the pool, lake, or on a hike. Make it a part of your morning routine. Sometimes facial sunscreen can replace your facial moisturizer and that’s a great way to remember your daily application. If not, use a dedicated sunscreen in addition to your daily moisturizer. The level of sun protection found in makeups and moisturizers is inadequate to truly protect your skin. Consider how thickly you cover your kids in sunscreen when you are at the pool. You would never consider covering your own face with that much makeup. Your sheer level of makeup coverage is not an adequate protective layer. Healthy skin is beautiful skin. Beautiful skin is a great confidence booster. Take care of yourself and put your best, healthiest, face forward.

ABOUT DR. PETERSEN

Dr. Dayne Petersen

NuVista Plastic Surgery 801-261-5791 nuvistaplasticsurgery.com Dr. Petersen is a Board Certified Plastic Surgeon.  Before moving to Utah, he was a faculty member teaching plastic surgery at the University of Oklahoma. He also runs Utah Breast Oasis, where women can donate new and gently used bras to women in need.

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JDRF & University of Utah

Unite for a Cure

T

he JDRF (Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation) and the University of Utah have joined forces to fight against the rising number of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in Utah. Today, between 6,750 and 13,500 people* in the Beehive State have T1D, an autoimmune and chronic disease in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, a hormone required for life. The University of Utah Health Sciences Center has aligned with the JDRF to conduct important cutting edge research to further JDRF’s mission to progressively remove the impact of T1D from people’s lives and to achieve a world without T1D. JDRF is currently the leading global organization funding T1D research. “JDRF is pleased to join with Utah’s preeminent medical research and clinical institution to raise awareness, provide treatment for those suffering from diabetes, and ultimately find a cure,” said Carol Hatch, JDRF Utah chapter board president. “The state of Utah, like our nation as a whole, faces a serious diabetes health emergency and it is our goal to do everything we can to empower our community to fight this devastating disease.” The University of Utah has been a leader in diabetes care and research for many years, both in-state and nationwide. The new partnership will seek to raise funds for diabetes research at the University of Utah, raise awareness about T1D, and provide essential care for those affected by this disease. Additionally, the partnership

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will encourage University researchers to apply for JDRF grants, and expand University clinical trials and clinical services to the thousands of Utahns affected by diabetes. “JDRF is a critical advocate for T1D research and for improving care for complications of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes,” said Dr. Dean Li, associate vice president for research and chief scientific officer for health sciences. “JDRF funding enabled my research group to develop a new molecular therapy to treat vascular complications of diabetes. The leverage of JDRF research grants is transformative, and I will encourage our diabetes investigators to fully engage in this new partnership.” Dr. Li is part of a diabetes-focused, interdisciplinary team of physicians and scientists who champion research within the University’s health system that will lead to new treatments and innovations for patients, concentrating on diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome. Research currently being conducted at the University includes: • • • • • •

Novel treatments for diabetic retinopathy Iron metabolism and diabetes Fruit flies as a model system for studying diabetes Novel biomarkers to predict T1D risk Cell to cell signaling in the pancreas New models to treat peripheral neuropathy

More than 80 percent of JDRF’s expenditures directly support research and research-related education. To learn about diabetes-focused clinical research opportunities at the University as they arise, please send an email with your name and email address to: amy.davis@utah.edu. Or, to make a gift to diabetes research, please contact Wendi Tanner at wtanner@jdrf.org. *Utah Department of Health

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Aimee Greenholtz JDRF - Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation 801-530-0660 jdrf.org

Aimee is a content editor for healthfuldiabetes.com, affordablediabetes.com and dollardiabetesclub.com. Having this disease for more than 20 years and being a pastry chef, Ms. Greenholtz knows the importance of living healthfully and enjoying life. She can be reached at agreenholtz@keyvive.com.

As the largest charitable supporter of T1D research, JDRF is currently sponsoring $530 million in scientific research in 17 countries.

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The Laser Dentistry

Revolution in Utah

T

he advent of the laser for use in medical procedures has provided incredible health benefits to millions of people. And while many may be aware of practical applications of laser technology in fields such as dermatology and optometry, this technology also provides dental patients with a wealth of important benefits. The FDA-approved DEKA CO2 dental laser can be used to provide a level of accuracy, precision and predictability not previously available for a wide variety of treatment procedures and provides Utah dental patients several key benefits. Using the DEKA soft tissue dental laser during dental-related surgical procedures helps reduce bleeding, controls post-operative swelling, minimizes tissue damage to surrounding tissue, and often eliminates the need for sutures. “Apex Dental is committed to providing our patients the safest, most advanced procedures available anywhere, which is why we proudly use a state-of-theart DEKA CO2 soft-tissue laser,” Dr. John Kwant, a dentist at Apex Family and Cosmetic Dentistry, explained. Despite the incredible benefits that laser dentistry provides, Apex Family & Cosmetic Dentistry is one of only 5% of Utah dentists currently taking advantage of this technology to provide their patients with the most cutting-edge dental care available.

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THE FOLLOWING COMMON DENTAL TREATMENT PROCEDURES BENEFIT GREATLY FROM DENTAL LASER TECHNOLOGY: GUMMY SMILE (SMILE DESIGN): Dental lasers can be used to reshape the gumline on patients to expose more of the tooth and improve the cosmetic appearance of a gummy smile. COLD SORE OR CANKER SORE TREATMENT: Cold sores and canker sores can be a painful thing to deal with. Fortunately, a quick and comfortable laser application can provide increased comfort and much quicker healing time. In many cases, the area treated will not develop a canker sore or cold sore later on.

DENTAL IMPLANTS AND OTHER ORAL SURGERIES: Most types of oral surgeries, including key parts of placing dental implants, can benefit from laser dentistry. Using the dental laser instead of a metal scalpel can reduce bleeding, swelling and discomfort. The laser can also sterilize areas affected to reduce incident of infection. These benefits combined can result in shorter and more comfortable healing time for patients. GINGIVITIS THERAPY: Gingivitis and periodontal disease are a leading cause of tooth loss, and it is estimated that 80% of the adult population has gum disease of some form. Our Utah dentists can use the DEKA CO2 laser to treat gingivitis and help improve the health and appearance of your gums.

GAPPED TEETH/TONGUE TIED: A small area of tissue connects the lip to the gums and another connects the tongue to the bottom of the mouth. A tissue attachment that is too restrictive on the underside of the tongue can be responsible for a variety of problems from babies unable to breast feed well, to speech impediments. Laser dentistry is an excellent solution for these problems as the patients are often young and laser frenectomy will be a more comfortable procedure, requiring no stitches or shots.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr. Joseph S. Maio D.D.S.

Apex Family & Cosmetic Dentistry 801-576-1155 apexfamilydental.com Dr. Maio grew up in Riverton, Utah. He received his undergraduate education in Denver, Colorado at the prestigious private institution, Regis University, where he graduated Magna Cum Laude. He has been recognized as an American Top Dentist for 4 consecutive years, as chosen by the Consumers Research Council of America.

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STOP SUFFERING! MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY PROVIDES RELIEF FOR HEADACHE AND MIGRAINE SUFFERERS. Over 45 million Americans suffer from headaches and migraines. Over 900,000 Americans experienced a migraine attack yesterday. Migraines represent one of the most active patient communities on the internet, with over 1,000,000 related searches each month.

A

ccording to the National Headache Foundation, over 45 million Americans suffer from chronic, recurring headaches. About 20 percent of children and adolescents also have significant headaches. And, according to the American Migraine Foundation, 36 million Americans (about 12 percent of the population) suffer from migraine headaches. One-in-four households in America have a member with migraines. They are three times more common in women than men, with migraines affecting 30 percent of women over their lifetime. Many people who suffer from headache problems have spent significant time and money looking for a solution. They have visited multiple health care professionals and tried various medications and therapies without much relief. Now, a new diagnostic and treatment system has been introduced to dental offices called TruDenta. This leading edge technology allows professionals to quickly pinpoint the problem and successfully alleviate the pain.

Q: Dr. McNeil, when a patient who has suffered from migraines or chronic headaches comes to you, what is done initially to determine what could be the source of their symptoms?

A: The new technologies we use allow us to screen patients using a digital force analyzer to measure the different dynamic forces in the mouth (musculature, joints, teeth) to pinpoint imbalances. This allows us to determine the type of treatment or combination of therapies that might be needed. We also use a computerized tool that measures the cervical range of motion and identifies dysfunction or disability in the muscles of the head and neck. In a 15-minute screening appointment we can quickly rule in or rule out whether the patient’s headaches are related to improper or imbalanced forces.

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Q: Does the program involve pain, needles or prescription medications?

A: No. In fact, it’s exactly the opposite. There is no pain whatsoever with our treatments. The TruDenta treatments are conservative and non-invasive and the program is specifically designed to help get patients off prescription medications. Most clients report that the therapies are very relaxing, and most experience pain relief after just one or two treatments.

Q: Give us an example of the kinds of treatments you might perform on a chronic headache sufferer.

A: Because headache and migraine sufferers have many sensitivities that can trigger pain, our treatment plans are designed to be slow, conservative and effective. We use a combination of FDA approved medical devices to reduce inflammation and restore blood flow in the muscles and tempromandibular joint (TMJ). Additionally we use low-level cold laser therapy to help restore energy at a cellular level. What really makes this system unique is the blend of treatments: neuromuscular sports medicine – targeting muscles and nerves – combined with advanced dental treatments targeting TMJ dysfunction and muscle imbalance.

Q: What kind of results have you seen?

A: The results have been amazing. We have treated a number of patients who have been plagued with severe headaches and migraines for more than 10 years, robbing them of countless hours of their lives every week. These patients are crying in my office desperate for help. When you can completely take away their pain in a matter of weeks, it becomes a life changing experience for the patient. As a health care professional, the ability to help clients become free of pain is the most rewarding part of my practice.

Q: What else can the TruDenta technology and training you have received be used for? A: The TruDenta system is not only effective on patients with headaches, migraines and TMJ problems, but also patients who clench or grind their teeth, suffer from vertigo, or have tinnitus (ringing of the ears). We can also help patients who are suffering as a result of head or neck injuries from sports related traumas, falls or car accidents.

ABOUT THE DR. MCNEIL

Dr. Ryan S. McNeil, D.D.S Midvale Family Dental PC

6895 South 900 East Midvale, UT www.MidvaleFamilyDental.com Dr. Ryan S. McNeil, D.D.S is a certified

TruDenta Provider. If you would like to learn more about TruDenta, or to find out if you are a candidate for this treatment, please visit our website at utahsmiledocs.com or call to schedule a Complimentary Consultation. 801-255-4555 

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Imagine SLIT life Optionwithout for Seasonal Allergies ALLERGIES & Nothing to ASTHMA! Sneeze At

S

easonal allergies, sometimes referred to as hay fever, are an inflammatory disease that causes sneezing, itchy/ watery eyes, itchy/runny nose and congestion. For millions of sufferers, antihistamines and nasal corticosteroid medications provide temporary relief of symptoms. For others, allergy shots (subcutaneous immunotherapy) are a long-term, effective treatment alternative. Allergy shots involve frequent injections of increasing amounts of allergen extract. They can be effective at controlling symptoms of allergic rhinitis, but the injection schedule can be difficult to maintain, local reactions to the injections are common, and severe allergic reactions and even deaths have been reported. Another form of therapy is currently being investigated for use in the United States. Sublingual Immunotherapy (SLIT) involves a dosing schedule of increasing amounts of allergen, much like the shots. However, rather than shots, the allergens are administered in a liquid or

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tablet form under the tongue. SLIT is currently being used in Europe and some countries in South America. Based on reviews of research projects done both here in the US and overseas, SLIT has the potential to be a safe and effective treatment for allergies SLIT appears to have a favorable safety profile. There are reports of anaphylaxis with SLIT, but the incidence is rare. The primary symptoms reported by subjects receiving SLIT included mild “local” itching/burning of the mouth or lips, increase in rhinitis symptoms, gastrointestinal symptoms, and rarely, an increase in asthma symptoms. The reactions reported by subjects receiving SLIT were only significant enough to make the subject stop taking SLIT in less than 5% of the cases. SLIT has been studied in children as young as a year old. The effectiveness of SLIT has been studied in both adults and children. Overall, while it may be more convenient, it is not as effective as allergy shots. A majority of studies have been done in dust mite or grass aller-

gic individuals. Most of those studies showed effectiveness, however, some demonstrated no efficacy. The variation in effectiveness had been attributed to the differences in the dose of allergen used for the various studies. It seems to be not as effective when mixing multiple allergens as well. There is very limited data on using multiple allergens. In general, the higher doses of allergen appeared to have the largest impact on symptom improvement. SLIT has potential to become a useful treatment of allergic rhinitis and asthma. Several questions need to be answered before SLIT is routinely used in the US. Although the optimal starting dose and dosing frequency for maintenance has been established for some allergens, (e.g., grass), these questions have not been answered for many other allergens. Once the dosing questions have been

addressed, the cost-effectiveness of SLIT needs to be established. There will likely be several SLIT products approved by the FDA this year and next year. It will be important to consult with a physician trained in their usage to determine what plan is best for you! Contact 801-775-9800 or visit www.rockymountainallergy. com.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Douglas H. Jones, MD

Rocky Mountain Allergy, Asthma & Immunology 801-775-9800 rockymountainallergy.com Dr. Jones specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of all conditions relating to allergies, asthma and immune system disorders. He is board certified by the American Board of Allergy and Immunology and the American Board of Internal Medicine. He earned his MD from Penn State University and completed his specialty training at Creighton University.ars.

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BIRTH CONTROL

S

o you just had baby #3 and you are now wondering the best method for birth control so as to not have 4 children under the age of 5.( Not that such would be a bad thing , but you want a little space and sanity for a while.) What method of contraception is best for your particular situation? Or, perhaps you just got engaged to the man of your dreams, and are wondering what method of contraception to use prior to starting your family. Or, maybe you are 38 and not sure if one more child is in your plans. Whatever the case may be, you need some straight answers regarding birth control but hear so many different things from your friends. As a practicing OB/GYN, I am amazed at some of the common myths and outright lies and misconceptions regarding contraception. By far the most common myth is that oral contraceptive pills cause weight gain. THIS IS AN OUTRIGHT LIE! A very large number of scientific, and well designed studies blow this myth out of the water. It has been proven beyond a doubt that oral contraceptive pills do not cause weight gain. Eating too much and not exercising enough is the cause of weight gain in women taking “ the pill.” In fact, of all the common birth control methods currently available, the only one proven to actually cause weight gain is the Depo-Provera injection. The Depo-Provera injection of 150 mg each 3 months has been shown to cause an average weight gain of 5 pounds the first year and 3 pounds per year thereafter. Because this shot is “deposited” in the muscle, it starts to accumulate over time and may take up to 3 years to conceive after receiving several injections. For this reason and

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Myths

the weight gain involved, I am definitely NOT a fan of the Depo-Provera injection. Another common misconception is regarding the IUD or Intra-Uterine Device. It was thought at one period of time that the IUD worked by causing an early abortion. This has since proven to be false. Although the complete method of how an IUD works is not fully understood at present, it is known that fertilization typically does not occur at all when utilizing the IUD. By washing out the fallopian tubes of women who were using the IUD as a birth control method, no fertilized ovum or early embryos were noted. This means that fertilization did not actually even occur at all. It is believed that the IUD creates a “hostile intra-uterine environment” and kills the sperm prior to allowing fertilization to occur. Obviously no birth control method is 100% fail proof, and some pregnancies still do occur with any method of contraception. The failure rate of the Mirena IUD is about 0.4% and the copper IUD failure rate is approximately 0.8%. This compares to the failure rate of about 8% for the pill. Another myth surrounding the IUD is that it takes a long time to conceive after it is removed. This is also false, as I have seen numerous patients conceive literally within days of having the IUD removed. It is widely held that using condoms as a method of contraception is not very effective. In fact, when used correctly, both the pill and condoms are equally effective with a failure rate of about 1%. The problem arises when pills are missed or when condoms are not used correctly or when improper lubricants are used along with the condoms.

It is also widely held that both vasectomies and tubal ligations are virtually 100% effective. This is not the case. The failure rate of tubal ligations in general is about 1% and for vasectomies it is approximately 0.5%. The most effective permanent method of birth control, (other than a hysterectomy) is the ESSURE device. It is a surgical procedure that can typically be performed in your doctor’s office via hysteroscopy. It is nearly 100% effective with a failure rate of 0.03% ( 3/10,000 ) . This does not include the failure rate of 3% of the time when the device cannot be placed into both tubes at the time of surgery. As a woman of reproductive age, you deserve straight and honest answers from your health care provider. Practicing OB/GYN’s tend to have the best knowledge base when it comes to this issue. If you have further questions regarding available methods of birth control or other women’s health issues call Dr. Saunders OB/ GYN at 801-692-1429 or visit our website at drsaundersobgyn.com.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Mark Saunders, MD Obstetrics & Gynecology Personal Care 801-692-1429 drsaundersobgyn.com

Dr. Mark Saunders is a wellrespected board certified obstetrician and gynecologist that has been practicing in the American Fork area for over 18 years.

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“I Feel Terrible . . . in Spurts.”

T

his is a comment a patient of mine made to me recently when she came in for her initial hormone checkup. “Explain a little more,” I asked, as she looked at her husband for a little moral support. “Well, I have my good days and bad days, but I think my bad days are coming too frequently. The straw that broke the camels’ back was about two months ago when I woke up in the middle of the night. I thought I was having a heart attack, so Jason rushed me to the emergency room.” “Let me guess,” I blurted out. “It wasn’t a heart attack, was it?” “Nope,” she said, shaking her head. “It was a panic attack.” For this 41- year old lady, it went downhill from there. Her doctor had put her on Xanax, a drug for treating anxiety that unfortunately has many side effects that bothered her. But she didn’t want to take it any longer because it made her “feel weird all the time.” Knowing where she was going with all this, I asked, “How are you sleeping?” At this point her husband started laughing, “She doesn’t sleep,” he said with a slightly irritated attitude. I could tell her failing health was beginning to affect their relationship. “Any other problems that are really bothering you that I should know about right now?” “Yeah, I ache all over.” “You ache all over? What do you mean?” “My doctor diagnosed me with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). He said that’s why I ache all over. My muscles

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are just sore all the time—but he doesn’t know what’s causing it. I think that’s the main reason I don’t sleep well at night, and why I’m so grouchy to my kids. I feel like the Wicked Witch of the West most of the time. But then every once in a while the aching goes away and my energy gets better for a while.” I then asked, “So, what did your doctor do for this fibromyalgia? Did he give you a prescription?” “Yes. He wanted me to take an antidepressant and something called Lyrica—but I read about them both on the Internet and they both scared me too much. Jason and I decided to try an alternative route. That’s why we’re here.” I wish this were an isolated case history, but it’s not. I know her doctor means well. He is trained very well in pharmacology (the study of drugs). And that is what he will use. But in the end a treatment like this is what we call “chasing symptoms” and is meant to suppress the symptoms—not get to the root cause of the problem. FMS and hypothyroidism have many symptoms in common: fatigue, aching, constipation, hair loss, cold hands and feet, “brain fog”, exhaustion, dry skin, weight problems, or inability to

exercise without totally wiping the person out physically and mentally. So if you or someone you know have many of the above symptoms, or have been diagnosed with FMS but are not getting any call us, because THIS IS A PROBLEM WITH HORMONES, NOT A LACK OF DRUGS. Dr. Robert Jones is the Clinical Director at the Utah Wellness Institute and Center for Hormone Therapy in Draper, Utah. 801.576.1155 www.utahwellnessinstitute.com ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Robert Jones, D.C.

Utah Wellness Institute Hormone Therapy 801-576-1155 utahwellnessinstitute.com Having a healthy balance of hormones is critical to a fulfilling life—and this is our specialty. Our wellness program also includes nutritional analysis and modifications, whole-food dietary supplementation, personalized exercise programs, a blockbuster medical weight loss program if needed and education regarding your pH balance.

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Lap Band Secret Information Revealed

You’re Not So Hungry!

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hat? That’s it? It’s true. The solid silicone ring around the top of the stomach helps people feel less hungry. Lap-Band puts pressure on the top of the stomach causing nerve signals to be sent to the brain, making us feel like the stomach is already partially full. Studies have shown that even without eating, people feel less hungry with a Lap-Band adequately adjusted. The Lap-Band helps people feel satisfied on small meals, which means fewer calories are taken in and weight loss can occur without hunger struggle.

• Recovery is about 5-7 days to get back to full time desk work—a little longer for more strenuous jobs.

The ADVANTAGES of LAP-BAND

• Regular short office visits provide the best weight loss results.

• It is the safest weight loss surgery available. • It is usually an outpatient procedure, meaning after the operation people go home the same day.

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• It is adjustable—the tightness is customized to each patient’s needs during office visits. • It is reversible—the band can be removed. • Malnutrition of vitamins minerals or protein is rare.

HOW WELL DOES IT WORK? I’m glad you asked! Long-term studies show that people keep off about 50% of their excess weight.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Darrin F. Hansen, MD, FACS Utah Lap-Band 801-523-6177 DrDhansen.com UtahLapBand.com

Dr. Hansen is a Center of Excellence surgeon for the LAP-BAND procedure. This credential is given to surgeons who maintain the highest standards for bariatric patient care. With over ten years of weight loss surgery experience in Utah and over 1000 LAP-BAND procedures combined with ongoing advanced training and techniques, patients have the best chance for excellent results.

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JESSICA LANG DANCE

George S and Dolores Dore Eccles Center for the Performing Arts, Park City, Utah Founded in 2011, Jessica Lang Dance is a New York City-based dance company dedicated to enriching and inspiring global audiences by immersing them in the beauty of movement and music. Hailed as “a master of visual composition” by Dance Magazine, Lang seamlessly incorporates striking design elements and transforms classical ballet language into artfully crafted, emotionally engaging contemporary works.

16-20 SALT LAKE COMIC CON FANXPERIENCE 2014

Salt Lake Convention Center, Salt Lake City, Utah The 2014 Salt Lake Comic Con FanXperience will take place April 17-19, 2014 at the Salt Palace Convention Center. The SOLD OUT 2013 Salt Lake Comic Con broke records including largest first year Comic Con in North America and was the largest convention ever in the state of Utah with over 72,000 Attendees. Dan Farr Productions has now booked virtually the entire Salt Palace Convention Center and is lining up a world class entertainment extravaganza for our awesome fans. Attendance to this event is expected to exceed 100,000. Thank you for your support!

24-26 ACCELERATE

Rose Wagner Performing Arts Center, Salt Lake City, Utah We close out the 50th Anniversary Season accelerating forward with a dynamic integration of media and performance between New Yorkbased choreographer Doug Varone and University of Utah professor Ellen Bromberg. Ellen is an award-winning choreographer, filmmaker, media designer and the Founding Director of the International Screendance Festival. Doug is a multi-award winning choreographer and Artistic Director of Doug Varone and Dancers.

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MOMMY AND ME

LDS Hospital, Salt Lake City - 1:00 AM The class gives women the chance to learn skills and develop confidence in their new roles as mothers and caregivers, whether they’re a first-time mom or a veteran.

BREAST CANCER SUPPORT GROUP

Every Second Monday of the month @ 6:00 PM John and Karen Huntsman Cancer Center, Murray Dealing with cancer can be physically and emotionally trying for patients and loved ones. We offer programs designed to help meet the needs of everyone affected and work to treat the whole person—not just the disease. Some patients and loved ones find it helpful to join support groups, which provide a safe place to share thoughts and feelings with others who deal with similar challenges. This support group is for women with breast cancer. It is led by a licensed social worker to help members explore their feelings, discuss their experiences, and gain support from others. Held every other Monday from 6:00 - 7:30 p.m.

Weekly PRE-DIABETES CLASS

Every Wednesday @ 4:00 PM Cottonwood Diabetes Center, Suite 310, Murray This class provides a basic overview of Pre-Diabetes for those who might be at risk or interested in learning more about Type II Diabetes. This class offers the basics of blood sugar testing, meal planning, carbohydrate counting, and lifestyle changes.

april races

APRIL

HOME SCHEDULE

4 NEW ORLEANS 8 DALLAS 11 PORTLAND 14 LOS ANGELES LAKERS

11 Run Your Dance Off Provo, UT 12 Herriman Half 12 Run For Your Life Diabetes! 5K Race and Health Fair, SLC, UT 19 Salt Lake City Marathon 26 Balanced Man Triathlon 26 Earth Day 10K 26 Thanksgiving Point Half Marathon, 5K 26 The Hero Dash 5K 5-3 Fourth Street Clinic Triathlon & 5K

REAL SALT LAKE Home Games 19 PORTLAND @ 7:30 PM 26 VANCOUVER @ 7:30 PM

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IL DIVO

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SWITCHFOOT

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CHRVCHES

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INGRID MICHAELSON

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ELLIE GOULDING

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EnergySolutions Arena, Salt Lake City, Utah Classical crossover group Il Divo are on the road in support of their brand new show, “A Musical Affair – The Greatest Songs Of Broadway Live.” See them April 15th at EnergySolutions Arena! www.ildivo.com/us/events

15/IL DIVO

The Depot, Salt Lake City, Utah See Scottish synthpop group CHVRCHES when their tour supporting “The Bones of What You Believe” with guests The Range hits The Depot April 22nd.

Saltair, Magna, Utah Spend an evening with Ingrid Michaelson when she brings her tour in support of her upcoming album, “Lights Out,” with guests Storyman and The Alternate Routes April 29th at Saltair.

Saltair, Magna, Utah Be at Saltair when Ellie Goulding brings her tour with special guest Rudimental to town May 1st! Doors open at 7 PM, all ages.

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29/INGRID MICHAELSON

The Complex, Salt Lake City, Utah The Complex will rock when Switchfoot brings their Fading West Tour to town April 22nd. Be there! Doors open at 6 PM, all ages show.

22/Chrvches 5/JESSICA LANG DANCE

5/1 ELLIE

GOULDING Facebook.com/HealthyUT

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Health plans for every need and budget

We have coverage types for everyone including group health, individual and family, medicare advantage, dental, wellness programs, and more!

Help secure your physical and financial health with Altius Health Plans. To find out how, call your Altius broker or our local office at:

(801) 355-1234 www.altiushealthplans.com

This is a partial description of products underwritten by Altius Health Plans and in no way details all of the benefits, limitations, or exclusions of the plans. Please refer to the Member Handbook and Medical Benefits Brochure to determine exact terms, conditions and scope of coverage, including all exclusions and limitations and defined terms.

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EXERCISE to ALLEVIATE BACK PAIN

step 1, call 801.262.5711

step 2, talk to St. Mark’s Spine Center

At Utah’s most comprehensive spine and back facility, we diagnose the problem and explain all possible treatment options. We then help you decide what treatment plan is best for your individual situation. Which means we never recommend surgery unless it fits your needs. Exercise your right to live without back pain by calling 801.262.5711.

StMarksSpineCenter.com

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Healthy Utah | April '14