Leadership Dynamics (PA 390)
This course will expose you to 2,500 years of dynamic thinking about leaders and leadership, from the classical world to the post-modern.
W I N T E R 2 0 1 2 PA 390 | Leadership Dynamics School of Public, Nonprofit, and Health Administration Grand Valley State University Photo: Auschwitz Birkenau Course Description and Objectives This course will expose you to 2,500 years of dynamic thinking about leaders and leadership, from the classical world to the post-modern. You will come to understand ten big ideas about leadership; ever-changing sources and deployments of authority; iterations of the leader's and follower's place in society; and the latest thinking on leader-follower synchronicity, pervasive leadership, and leaderlessness. In the first half of the semester, special attention will be drawn to the challenges of modernity and ideas about leadership and followership that culminated in World War II totalitarianism -- a watershed development that left us searching for new answers to age-old questions about human nature, interaction, and leadership. In the second half, we will refocus on these questions and examine postmodern hypotheses rising out of the social, natural, and formal sciences. Professor Brian Flanagan | (616) 331-2770 | firstname.lastname@example.org Wednesdays, 6-8:50 PM, 2123 Au Sable Hall, GVSU-Allendale _______________________________ In This Syllabus: Course Description -- 1 Required Reading -- 2 Course Requirements -- 3 Calendar -- 3 Office Hours -- 3 Blackboard -- 3 Ten Big Ideas -- 3 Wheelhouse Talks -- 3 Syllabus Detail -- 4 Bibliography -- 9 Throughout, we will interact with the leadership canon and encounter numerous examples of leadership by men and women, living and dead. We will see how dynamic ideas are put into practice in the real world -famously, infamously, and anonymously. 1 PA 390: Leadership Dynamics W I N T E R 2 0 1 2 Required reading This course is built around five core books, supplemented by downloadable chapters and journal articles. Books Machiavellli Freud Arendt Kellerman Gardner The Prince The most famous book on politics ever written, The Prince remains as lively and shocking today as when it was written almost five hundred years ago. Initially denounced as a collection of sinister maxims and a recommendation of tyranny, it has more recently been defended as the first scientific treatment of politics as it is practiced rather than as it ought to be practiced. Harvey C. Mansfield's translation of this classic work is the definitive version for scholars, students, and those interested in the dark art of politics. Civilization and Its Discontents Written in the decade before Freud's death, Civilization and Its Discontents may be his most famous and brilliant work. It has been praised, dissected, lambasted, interpreted, and reinterpreted. Fundamental questions: What influences led to the creation of civilization? Why and how did it come to be? What determines civilization's trajectory? Freud's theories on the effect of the knowledge of death on human existence and the birth of art are central to his work. The Origins of Totalitarianism In her monumental study, Dr. Arendt focuses on the two genuine forms of the totalitarian state in history -the dictatorships of Bolshevism after 1930 and of National Socialism after 1938. Identifying terror as the very essence of this form of government, she discusses the transformation of classes into masses and the use of propaganda in dealing with the nontotalitarian world, and in a brilliant concluding chapter analyzes the nature of isolation and loneliness as preconditions for total domination. Leadership Leadership, says Harvard Professor Barbara Kellerman, "is all about what leaders should learn -- but it is decidedly not, deliberately not, about what leadership education has lately come to look like." Instead, Leadership is a concise collection of great leadership literature that has stood the test of time. Every single selection has had an impact on how and what we think about what it means to lead. And every one has had an impact on leadership as an area of intellectual inquiry -as well as on the course of human history. Leading Minds: An Anatomy of Leadership Applying a cognitive lens to leadership, Gardner identifies one of its crucial but hitherto neglected components: the mind of the leader and the minds of his or her followers. Effective leaders create new stories that wrestle successfully with stories that already populate the minds of their followers. Gardner imposes his highly original framework on a wide spectrum of leaders that range from political, business, and military leaders to those individuals who provide leadership in the arts, sciences, and professions. Book chapters and journal articles are linked within this syllabus. Click the green arrows to access PDF copies, password "." 2 PA 390: Leadership Dynamics W I N T E R 2 0 1 2 Course Requirements Successful students will complete assigned readings, tweet highlights and reactions, participate fully in class discussion, and demonstrate creativity & mastery in written assignments. Note on Twitter: You are asked to set up a Twitter account for use throughout the semester. Read about Twitter if you have not used it before, and follow me at @briantflanagan and your classmates at @hauensteingvsu/ldw12. Brevity is king on Twitter. Your goal should always be to express a complete thought within each 140-character tweet. Ten Big Ideas Theories About Leadership 1. "Great Man" Great leaders are born. They rise when there is great need, and they shape history. 6. Environmental Leaders design cultures that motivate people and elevate values. 20% -- Preparation Your participation will reveal the quality of your preparation, which will be graded objectively week by week. Assessment is based on tweets in advance of class, attendance, and in-class participation. 2. Trait 7. Situational Some particular combination of Effective leaders adapt their traits, inherited and acquired, style to fit tasks and the makes a great leader. psychological needs of followers. 20% -- Reflection Sign up to complete two optional readings from our syllabus. For each, tweet 1-5 "ideas worth spreading" prior to the associated class period and come prepared to discuss. Before the next class, submit a brief (2-3 page) reflection paper relating it to assigned readings and our ongoing exploration of leadership. 3. Behavioral/Style Leaders are made. Great 8. Contingency leadership is defined by learned Effective leaders adapt their behaviors and styles. style and organization to fit the environment. 4. Transactional Leaders instruct, set expectations, reward and punish, bargain, and collaborate. 9. Functional Dynamic leaders meet a variety of group needs toward group cohesion and effectiveness. 30% -- Midterm Paper Write a 7-10 page paper drawing on Niccolo Machiavelli, Sigmund Freud, or Hannah Arendt and supporting readings. Get creative! and share your thesis in 140 characters or fewer on Twitter before February 15. Your paper is due February 22. 5. Transformational Leaders raise morality, and inspire enthusiasm and energy toward a shared vision. 10. Servant Great leaders are humble stewards, who serve and sacrifice for the group. 30% -- Final Exam We will have a comprehensive, take-home final exam that advances the themes of this course. When completing your exam, draw on relevant assigned readings and at least six optional readings. Your final exam is due on April 18. Calendar # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Office Hours Topic Notes 527C DeVos Center GVSU Pew Campus, Grand Rapids I am available Monday through Friday, from 7 AM to 5 PM. Please email email@example.com or call (616) 331-2770 to set up an appointment. Ideal Leaders, Premodern to Modern The Individual and the State Heroes and History Charisma and the Crowd Transaction and Transformation Follower's Responsibility Transition Sociology ... Authority 2.0 Anthropology ... Culture Design Psychology ... Sensing Neurobiology ... Syncing Physics ... Order and Chaos Rick DeVos Exam Due Mayra Martinez Thesis Due Paper Due Andy Dillon Marsha Rappley Date 1/11 1/18 1/25 2/1 2/8 2/15 2/22 2/29 3/14 3/21 3/28 4/4 4/11 4/18 4/25 Introductions, Definitions, and Themes Blackboard Our syllabus and course information are available on Blackboard. Please submit your reflections, midterm paper, and final exam through the "Assignments" tab on our Blackboard course page. Wheelhouse Talks Earn extra credit worth 2% of your total grade by attending and reflecting on a Wheelhouse Talk by GVSU's Hauenstein Center. You may earn credit for attending up to 2 talks (4%). Calculus ... Limits, Derivatives, and the Infinite Series Conclusion 1/18 -- Marsha Rappley 2/1 -- Andy Dillon 3/14 -- Mayra Martinez 4/11 -- Rick DeVos 3 PA 390: Leadership Dynamics W I N T E R 2 0 1 2 1/11 Introductions, definitions, themes Sources "Subject of This Book," Barzun "Understanding the Basics," Bennis "The Crisis of Leadership," Burns "What is Leadership?" DePree "Human Development & Leadership," Gardner "The Nature of Leadership," Gardner "Through the Organization Behavior Lens," Glynn Introduction to Leadership, Kellerman "What Leaders Really Do," Kotter "Advancing Leadership Theory & Practice," Nohria "Timeless Leadership," McCullough "What Is Leadership?" Porter and Nohria "Philosophers and Kings," Rustow "Simpler Way to Lead Organizations," Wheatley Introduction to Certain Trumpets, Wills "Managers and Leaders," Zaleznik "Economic Perspective on Leadership," Zupan 1/18 Ideal leaders, pre- 1/25 The individual modern to modern and the state Assigned readings The Prince, Machiavelli Tao Te Ching selection, Lao Tsu Analects selection, Confucius The Republic selection, Plato Lives selection, Plutarch Assigned readings The Prince, Machiavelli The Prince selection, Machiavelli Leviathan selection, Hobbes Second Treatise of Government selection, Locke On Liberty selection, Mill Queen Elizabeth I selection Optional readings "Twilight of the Idols," Dizikes "Uses of Great Men," Emerson Abraham Lincoln selections Henry V, Acts III & IV, Shakespeare Optional readings The Federalist No. 16, Hamilton The Federalist No. 51, Madison "Federalism as a Mask," Hitler "Ways CEOs Lead," Farkas and Wetlaufer "Leadership That Gets Results," Goleman Additional sources "Discipline of Building Character," Badaracco "Leadership Lessons from Lincoln," Goodwin "Good Society and the Good Soul," Williamson "Fears on Winston Churchill," Video "RSA: 21st Century Enlightenment," Video "TED: Doris Kearns Goodwin," Video Additional sources "Development of the Individual," Burckhardt "The Early Years," Gardner Declaration of Independence, Jefferson "What Every Leader Needs to Know," Kellerman "Patterns of Aggressive Behavior," Lewin, et. al. "TED: Itay Talgam," Video "Tilbury Speech" (Glenda Jackson), Video "Tilbury Speech" (Anne-Marie Duff), Video "Tilbury Speech" (Cate Blanchett), Video "Tilbury Speech" (Helen Mirren), Video Syllabus Explained Each week, you are responsible for "Assigned readings," including our five core books and dozens of downloadable book chapters and journal articles. (Click green arrows and enter our password -- "" -- to download.) You will have two weeks each to complete Machiavelli and Freud, and three weeks to complete "Part Three" of Arendt. All "selections" can be found in Kellerman's Leadership. Come to class prepared to discuss each of our assigned readings in depth. Additionally one student will be responsible for bringing us up to speed on each of the "Optional readings." You will have an opportunity at the beginning of the semester to select your two optional readings, which will be the subject of your two reflection papers. We will make use of multiple learning formats, but come prepared to engage with your classmates! 4 PA 390: Leadership Dynamics W I N T E R 2 0 1 2 2/1 Heroes and history 2/8 Charisma and the Assigned readings crowd Civilization and Its Discontents, Freud Heroes, Hero-Worship, & the Heroic selection, Carlyle The Study of Sociology selection, Spencer "Great Men & Their Environment" selection, James War and Peace selection, Tolstoy Optional readings Optional readings "The Hero and the God," Campbell "Passages," Nietzsche "Heroic Power in Carlyle and Tolstoy," Stambler Review of The Fiery Chariot, Berrington "Shrinking History," Parts One & Two, Coles Gandhi selection "Letter from Birmingham Jail" selection, King The Crowd, pp. 7-20, LeBon Additional sources "Monomyth in Cameron's Terminator," Palumbo "Id, Ego, and Superego," Video "Joseph Campbell and the Power of Myth," Video "TED: Victor Frankl," Video Additional sources "The Case for Charisma," Bennis and Zelleke "Heroes and Ideologues," Burns "Charisma," Conger and Kanungo "The Ugly Face," Gareth Morgan "Charismatic Leader: King David," Wills "TED: Derek Sivers," Video The Goebbels Experiment, Film Assigned readings Civilization and Its Discontents, Freud Freud selection Social and Economic Organization selection, Weber 2/15 Transaction and transformation Assigned readings The Origins of Totalitarianism, Part III, Arendt "What is to Be Done?" selection, Lenin "Communist Manifesto" selection, Marx and Engels Optional readings "Transactional to Transformational," Bass "Advancing Diversity Agendas," Kezar and Eckel "Styles ... in the Voluntary Sector," Rowold "Applicability of Bass's Model," Spinelli Additional sources The Origins of Totalitarianism (xxiii-xl), Arendt "The Power of Leadership," Burns "Interests, Conflict, and Power," Morgan "Mechanization Takes Command," Morgan Animal Farm, Orwell 1984, Orwell Nineteen Eighty-Four, Film Authority "But whoever steps out of line, violates the laws or presumes to hand out orders to his superiors, he'll win no praise from me. But that man the city places in authority, his orders must be obeyed, large and small, right and wrong." -- Creon in Sophocles's Antigone "It wasn't Zeus ... who made this proclamation.... Nor did that Justice, dwelling with the gods beneath the earth, ordain such laws for men. Nor did I think your edict had such force that you, a mere mortal, could override the gods, the great unwritten, unshakable traditions." -- Antigone in Sophocles's Antigone "My beloved subjects, a new era is about to dawn. I, Bloom, tell you verily it is even now at hand. Yea, on the word of a Bloom, ye shall ere long enter into the golden city which is to be, the new Bloomusalem in the Nova Hibernia of the future." -- Bloom in Joyce's Ulysses PA 390: Leadership Dynamics 5 W I N T E R 2 0 1 2 2/22 Followers' responsibility Assigned readings The Origins of Totalitarianism, Part III, Arendt Eichmann in Jerusalem selection, Arendt Obedience to Authority selection, Milgram 2/29 Transition Assigned readings The Origins of Totalitarianism, Part III, Arendt "Alfred Sloan: The Business of America," Gardner "The Essentials of Leadership" selection, Follett Leadership selection, Burns 3/14 Sociology ... authority 2.0 Assigned readings "Leading in a Changing Environment," Gardner "The Political Power of Social Media," Shirky "The Revolution Will Not be Tweeted," Gladwell "Religious Authority & the New Media," Turner Optional readings "Historiography of the Holocaust," Balfour "How Bad Leadership Happens," Kellerman Optional readings "Who Mattered and Why," Isaacson "The Dark Side," Kellerman Optional readings "Collaboration Rules," Evans and Wolf "Leading Change," Ganz Additional sources "Embracing the Absurd," Barzun Sophie Scholl: The Final Days, Film Additional sources "Participative Premises," Max DePree "The GE Revolution," Tichy and Sherman "1984 Apple's Macintosh Commercial," Video Sophie Scholl: The Final Days, Film "Leadership Beyond National Boundaries," Gardner "Classical Sociological Approaches...." Guillen "Weber's Categories of Authority...." Harrison Additional sources "Hutchins: Higher Learning to America," Gardner "Six Degrees of Louis Weisberg," Gladwell "The Great Cognitive Surplus," Shirky and Pink "Leadership In the Age of Social Media," Video "TED: Clay Shirky," Video "TED: Seth Godin," Video Responsibility "We know enough if we know we are the king's subjects. If his cause be wrong, our obedience to the king wipes the crime of it out of us." -- Bates in Shakespeare's Henry V "If [these men] die unprovided, no more is the king guilty of their damnation than he was guilty of those impieties for the which they are now visited. Every subject's duty is to the king, but every subject's soul is his own." -- Henry in Shakespeare's Henry V "And yet the menace of the years / Finds and shall find me unafraid. / It matters not how strait the gate, / How charged with punishments the scroll, / I am the master of my fate: / I am the captain of my soul." -- Henley in Invictus 6 PA 390: Leadership Dynamics W I N T E R 2 0 1 2 3/21 Anthropology ... culture design Assigned readings "Tribal Storytelling," DePree "Head, Heart, and Guts," Tichy and Sherman "Margaret Mead...." Gardner 3/28 Psychology ... sensing Assigned readings "What Makes a Leader?" Goleman "The Leadership Repertoire," Goleman, et. al "Human Development and Leadership," Gardner "Margaret Thatcher," Gardner 4/4 Neurobiology ... syncing Assigned readings "Primal Leadership," Goleman, Boyatzis, McKee "Resonant Leadership," Goleman, et. al "Eleanor Roosevelt," Gardner Optional readings "Pope John XXIII...." Gardner "Jane Addams & Hull House...." Knight "Leading Change...." Kotter "Space Is Not Empty," Wheatley Optional readings "Psychological Perspectives...." Chatman "A Clinical Approach...." de Vries & Engellau "Life Cycle Theory...." Hersey and Blanchard "I Am Prepared to Die" selection, Mandela "New Psychology of Leadership," Reicher, et. al. Additional sources "Creating a Transparent Culture," Bennis, et. al. "Leading with Love...." Bryant "Cult-Like Cultures," Collins "The Uncompromising Leader," Eisenstat, et. al. "Innovation at the Intersection," Johansson "Cultivating a Culture...." Kusy and Holloway "Is Your Culture Broken?" Matthews "Creating Social Reality," Morgan "Strong Culture Plus Higher Purpose...." Video "TED: Simon Sinek," Video Additional sources "Adult Identity and Presidential Style," Barber "The Need to Belong," Baumeister and Leary "Paradox of Performance," Denison, et. al "Lessons from the Past, Implications...." Gardner "The Leaders' Stories," Gardner "Paradox of Great Leadership," Goffee & Jones "Cognitive Control of Emotion," Ochsner & Gross "Moments of Greatness...." Quinn "TED: Dan Pink," Video "Managers and Leaders," Zaleznik Optional readings "Level 5 Leadership," Collins "George C. Marshall," Gardner "Unifying Neural Theory...." Keysers & Gazzola "Emotion and Cognition," Phelps Additional sources "Brain Scientist Explains Leadership," Joni "Mindful Leadership," Sethi "Self and Social Cognition," Uddin, et. al. "Dr. Dan Siegel," Video "TEDxBlue with Daniel J. Siegel," Video Human Dignity "There will be no loyalty, except loyalty to the Party. There will be no love, except the love of Big Brother. There will be no laughter, except the laugh of triumph over a defeated enemy. There will be no art, no literature, no science.... If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face -- forever.... If you are a man, Winston, you are the last man." -- O'Brien in Orwell's 1984 "But there remains also the truth that every end in history necessarily contains a new beginning.... Beginning, before it becomes a historical event, is the supreme capacity of man.... This beginning is guaranteed by each new birth; it is indeed every man." -- Arendt in Origins of Totalitarianism PA 390: Leadership Dynamics 7 W I N T E R 2 0 1 2 4/11 Physics ... order and chaos Assigned readings "Participative Nature of the Universe," Wheatley "Self-Organizing Systems," Wheatley "J. Robert Oppenheimer," Gardner Optional readings "Roving Leadership," DePree "Leadership in a (Permanent) Crisis," Heifetz "The Work of Leadership," Heifetz and Laurie "Building Learning Organizations," Senge "The New Order," Tichy and Sherman Additional sources "Chaos Theory and Leadership Studies," Burns "Understanding Empowerment...." Eylon "A Contingency Model...." Fiedler "The Tasks of Leadership," Gardner "Renaissance in Nonprofit Leadership," Hansen "The Response to Crisis," Kuhn "A Contingency Theory...." Lorsch "SuperLeadership," Manz and Sims "Learning and Self-Organization," Morgan "Nature Intervenes," Morgan "Unfolding Logics of Change," Morgan "Quantum Leadership...." O'Grady 4/18 Calculus ... limits, 4/25 Conclusion This is a beginning. Further reading.... derivatives, and the On Becoming a Leader, Bennis infinite series Assigned readings "A Generation of World Leaders," Gardner "Civil Disobedience," Thoreau "The Servant as Leader," Greenleaf America in the King Years, 1954-1968 (3 v), Branch Brands on Franklin, Jackson, and the Roosevelts The Awakening, Chopin Fast Company An Autobiography, Gandhi Optional readings "Seven Lessons of Leadership," Gergen "The Model," Hunter "How Bad Leadership Happens," Kellerman "Crozer Seminary," King "The Mark of a Winner," Tichy 5 Minds for the Future, Gardner True North, George Team of Rivals, Goodwin Harvard Business Review The Medici Effect, Johansson Portrait of An Artist, Joyce Speeches and Writings, Lincoln Additional sources "Building Relationships...." Carucci Afterword in Flawed Giant, Dallek Epilogue in Nixon and Kissinger, Dallek "Discovering Authentic Leadership," George "Lessons from Mayo Clinic," Seltman and Berry "Transformational Versus Servant...." Stone et. al "The Age of Jackson," Wilentz and Natfali TED: Steve Jobs," Video The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt, Morris 1984 and Animal Farm, Orwell Shakespeare's Histories and Tragedies Human Potential "But I don't want comfort. I want God, I want poetry, I want real danger, I want freedom, I want goodness. I want sin.... I'm claiming the right to be unhappy." -- Savage in Huxley's Brave New World "The only people for me are the mad ones, the ones who are mad to live, mad to talk, mad to be saved, desirous of everything at the same time, the ones that never yawn or say a commonplace thing, but burn, burn, burn like fabulous yellow roman candles exploding...." -- Sal in Kerouac's On The Road "We can build ... organizations where people continually expand their capacity to create the results they truly desire, where new and expansive patterns of thinking are nurtured, where collective aspiration is set free...." -- Senge in The Fifth Discipline 8 PA 390: Leadership Dynamics W I N T E R 2 0 1 2 Eisenstat, Russell A., Michael Beer, Nathaniel Foote, Tobias Fredberg, and Flemming Norrgren. "The Uncompromising Leader." Harvard Business Review 4 (2008): 5157. Emerson, Ralph Waldo. "Uses of Great Men." In The Oxford Book of American Essays, edited by Matthew Bender, ch. 9. New York: Oxford University Press, 1914. Evans, Philip, and Bob Wolf. "Collaboration Rules." Harvard Business Review 4 (2005): 96104. Eylon, Dafna. "Understanding Empowerment and Resolving Its Paradox: Lessons from Mary Parker Follett." Journal of Management History 1 (1998): 1628. Farkas, Charles M. "The Ways Chief Executive Officers Lead." Harvard Business Review 3 (1996): 110122. Fiedler, Fred E. "A Contingency Model of Leadership Effectiveness." In Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, volume 1, edited by Leonard Berkowitz, 150190. New York: Academic Press, 1964. Freud, Sigmund. Civilization and Its Discontents. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2010. Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand. An Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments with Truth. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1993 (1948). Ganz, Marshall. "Leading Change: Leadership, Organization, and Social Movements." In Handbook of Leadership Theory and Practice, Ed. Nitin Nohria and Rakesh Khurana. Cambridge: Harvard Business School Press, 2010, 527568. Gardner, Howard. 5 Minds for the Future. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business Press, 2007. Gardner, Howard. Leading Minds: An Anatomy of Leadership. New York: Basic Books, 1996. Gardner, John W. On Leadership. New York: Free Press, 1990. George, Bill. True North: Discover Your Authentic Leadership. San Fran: Jossey Bass, 2007. George, Bill, Peter Simms, Andrew N. McLean, and Diana Mayer. "Discovering Your Authentic Leadership." Harvard Business Review 2 (2007): 129138. Bibliography Apollo 13. DVD. Directed by Ron Howard. 1995; New York, NY: Universal Studios Entertainment, 2006. Arendt, Hannah. The Origins of Totalitarianism. New York: Harcourt, Inc., 1976. Badaracco, Jr., Joseph. "The Discipline of Building Character." Harvard Business Review 2 (1998): 115124. Balfour, Danny L. "Historiography of the Holocaust." American Review of Public Admin. 2 (1997): 133144. Barber, James "Adult Identity and Presidential Style: Rhetorical Emphasis." Daedalus 3 (1968): 938968. Barzun, Jacques. From Dawn to Decadence: 1500 to the Present. New York: Harper Collins, 2000. Bass, Bernard M. "From Transactional to Transformational Leadership: Learning to Share the Vision." Organizational Dynamics 1 (1990): 1931. Baumeister, Roy F., and Mark R. Leary. "The Need to Belong: Desire for Interpersonal Attachments as a Fundamental Human Motivation." Psychological Bulletin 3 (1995): 497529. Bennis, Warren. On Becoming a Leader. Twentieth Anniversary Edition. New York: Basic Books, 2009. Bennis, Warren, Daniel Goleman, and Patricia Ward Biederman. "Creating a Transparent Culture." Leader to Leader 4 (2008): 2127. Bennis, Warren, and Andy Zelleke. "Barack Obama and the Case for Charisma." Christian Science Monitor, February 28, 2008. Berrington, Hugh. "Review Article: The Fiery Chariot: British Prime Ministers and the Search for Love." British Journal of Political Science 3 (1974): 345369. Big Think. "Strong Culture Plus Higher Purpose Equals Profit." Accessed December 15, 2010. Bryant, John Hope. "Leading With Love in a Fear Based World." Leader to Leader 2 (2010): 3238. Burckhardt, Jacob. Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy. London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co., 1892. Burns, James M. Leadership. New York: HarperCollins, 1978. Burns, John S. "Chaos Theory and Leadership Studies: Exploring Uncharted Seas." Journal of Leadership and Organization Studies 2 (2002): 4256. Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Third Edition. Novato, CA: New World Library, 2008. Carucci, Ron. "Building Relationships That Enable NextGeneration Leaders." Leader to Leader 4 (2006): 4753. Charters of Freedom. "Declaration of Independence." Accessed October 27, 2010. Chatman, Jennifer A. and Jessica A. Kennedy. "Psychological Perspectives on Leadership." In Handbook of Leadership Theory and Practice, Ed. 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New York: HarperCollins, 2007. Denison, Daniel R., Robert Hooijberg, and Robert E. Quinn. "Paradox of Performance: Toward a Theory of Behavioral Complexity in Managerial Leadership." Organizational Science 5 (1995): 524540. DePree, Max. Leadership is an Art. New York: Dbleday, 1989. De Vries, Manfred Kets and Elisabet Engallau. "A Gergen, David. Eyewitness to Power: The Essence of Clinical Approach to the Dynamics of Leadership. New York: Simon & Schuster, Leadership and Executive Transformation." 2000. In Handbook of Leadership Theory and Practice, Ed. Nitin Nohria and Rakesh Gladwell, Malcolm. "Six Degrees of Lois Weisberg." Khurana. Cambridge: Harvard Business New Yorker, January 11, 1999. School Press, 2010, 183222. Gladwell, Malcolm. "Small Change: Why the Dizikes, Peter. "Twilight of the Idols." New York Times, Revolution Will Not Be Tweeted." New November 5, 2006. Yorker, October 4, 2010. PA 390: Leadership Dynamics 9 W Glynn, Mary Ann and Rich DeJordy. 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