Leadership Dynamics (PA 390)
This course will expose you to 2,500 years of dynamic thinking about leaders and leadership, from the classical world to the post-modern.
W I N T E R 2 0 1 2 PA 390 | Leadership Dynamics School of Public, Nonprofit, and Health Administration Grand Valley State University Photo: Auschwitz Birkenau Course Description and Objectives This course will expose you to 2,500 about leadership and followership totalitarianism -- a watershed new answers to age-old questions years of dynamic thinking about that culminated in World War II development that left us searching for about human nature, interaction, and leaders and leadership, from the leadership. classical world to the post-modern. In the second half, we will refocus on You will come to understand ten big these questions and examine post- ideas about leadership; ever-changing modern hypotheses rising out of the sources and deployments of authority; social, natural, and formal sciences. iterations of the leader’s and follower’s place in society; and the latest thinking on leader-follower synchronicity, pervasive leadership, and leaderlessness. In the first half of the semester, special attention will be drawn to the challenges of modernity and ideas PA 390: Leadership Dynamics Professor Brian Flanagan | (616) 331-2770 | email@example.com Wednesdays, 6-8:50 PM, 2123 Au Sable Hall, GVSU-Allendale _______________________________ In This Syllabus: Course Description — 1 Required Reading — 2 Course Requirements — 3 Calendar — 3 Office Hours — 3 Blackboard — 3 Ten Big Ideas — 3 Wheelhouse Talks — 3 Syllabus Detail — 4 Bibliography — 9 Throughout, we will interact with the leadership canon and encounter numerous examples of leadership by men and women, living and dead. We will see how dynamic ideas are put into practice in the real world -famously, infamously, and anonymously. 1 W I N T E R 2 0 1 2 Required reading This course is built around five core books, supplemented by downloadable chapters and journal articles. Books Machiavellli Freud Arendt Kellerman Gardner The Prince Civilization and Its Discontents The Origins of Totalitarianism Leadership Leading Minds: An Anatomy of Leadership Written in the decade before Freud’s death, Civilization and Its Discontents may be his most famous and brilliant work. It has been praised, dissected, lambasted, interpreted, and reinterpreted. In her monumental study, Dr. Arendt focuses on the two genuine forms of the totalitarian state in history -the dictatorships of Bolshevism after 1930 and of National Socialism after 1938. Identifying terror as the very essence of this form of government, she discusses the transformation of classes into masses and the use of propaganda in dealing with the nontotalitarian world, and in a brilliant concluding chapter analyzes the nature of isolation and loneliness as preconditions for total domination. The most famous book on politics ever written, The Prince remains as lively and shocking today as when it was written almost five hundred years ago. Initially denounced as a collection of sinister maxims and a recommendation of tyranny, it has more recently been defended as the first scientific treatment of politics as it is practiced rather than as it ought to be practiced. Harvey C. Mansfield’s translation of this classic work is the definitive version for scholars, students, and those interested in the dark art of politics. Fundamental questions: What influences led to the creation of civilization? Why and how did it come to be? What determines civilization’s trajectory? Freud’s theories on the effect of the knowledge of death on human existence and the birth of art are central to his work. Leadership, says Harvard Professor Barbara Kellerman, “is all about what leaders should learn -- but it is decidedly not, deliberately not, about what leadership education has lately come to look like.” Instead, Leadership is a concise collection of great leadership literature that has stood the test of time. Every single selection has had an impact on how and what we think about what it means to lead. And every one has had an impact on leadership as an area of intellectual inquiry -as well as on the course of human history. Applying a cognitive lens to leadership, Gardner identifies one of its crucial but hitherto neglected components: the mind of the leader and the minds of his or her followers. Effective leaders create new stories that wrestle successfully with stories that already populate the minds of their followers. Gardner imposes his highly original framework on a wide spectrum of leaders that range from political, business, and military leaders to those individuals who provide leadership in the arts, sciences, and professions. Book chapters and journal articles are linked within this syllabus. Click the green arrows to access PDF copies, password “●●●●●.” 2 PA 390: Leadership Dynamics W I N T E R Course Requirements Successful students will complete assigned readings, tweet highlights and reactions, participate fully in class discussion, and demonstrate creativity & mastery in written assignments. Note on Twitter: You are asked to set up a Twitter account for use throughout the semester. Read about Twitter if you have not used it before, and follow me at @briantflanagan and your classmates at @hauensteingvsu/ldw12. Brevity is king on Twitter. Your goal should always be to express a complete thought within each 140-character tweet. 20% — Preparation Your participation will reveal the quality of your preparation, which will be graded objectively week by week. Assessment is based on tweets in advance of class, attendance, and in-class participation. 2 0 1 2 Ten Big Ideas Theories About Leadership 1. “Great Man” 6. Environmental Great leaders are born. They rise when there is great need, and they shape history. Leaders design cultures that motivate people and elevate values. 2. Trait 7. Situational Some particular combination of Effective leaders adapt their traits, inherited and acquired, style to fit tasks and the makes a great leader. psychological needs of followers. 3. Behavioral/Style 20% — Reflection Sign up to complete two optional readings from our syllabus. For each, tweet 1-5 “ideas worth spreading” prior to the associated class period and come prepared to discuss. Before the next class, submit a brief (2-3 page) reflection paper relating it to assigned readings and our ongoing exploration of leadership. 30% — Midterm Paper Write a 7-10 page paper drawing on Niccolo Machiavelli, Sigmund Freud, or Hannah Arendt and supporting readings. Get creative! and share your thesis in 140 characters or fewer on Twitter before February 15. Your paper is due February 22. 30% — Final Exam We will have a comprehensive, take-home final exam that advances the themes of this course. When completing your exam, draw on relevant assigned readings and at least six optional readings. Your final exam is due on April 18. Leaders are made. Great 8. Contingency leadership is defined by learned Effective leaders adapt their behaviors and styles. style and organization to fit the environment. 4. Transactional Leaders instruct, set expectations, reward and punish, bargain, and collaborate. 9. Functional 5. Transformational 10. Servant Leaders raise morality, and inspire enthusiasm and energy toward a shared vision. Great leaders are humble stewards, who serve and sacrifice for the group. Dynamic leaders meet a variety of group needs toward group cohesion and effectiveness. Office Hours Calendar # Date Topic 1 1/11 Introductions, Definitions, and Themes 2 1/18 Ideal Leaders, Premodern to Modern 3 1/25 The Individual and the State 4 2/1 Heroes and History 5 2/8 Charisma and the Crowd 6 2/15 Transaction and Transformation Thesis Due 7 2/22 Follower’s Responsibility Paper Due 8 2/29 Transition 9 3/14 Sociology ... Authority 2.0 10 3/21 Anthropology ... Culture Design 11 3/28 Psychology ... Sensing 12 4/4 Neurobiology ... Syncing 13 4/11 Physics ... Order and Chaos Rick DeVos 14 4/18 Calculus ... Limits, Derivatives, and the Infinite Series Exam Due 15 4/25 Conclusion PA 390: Leadership Dynamics Notes Marsha Rappley 527C DeVos Center GVSU Pew Campus, Grand Rapids I am available Monday through Friday, from 7 AM to 5 PM. Please email firstname.lastname@example.org or call (616) 331-2770 to set up an appointment. Andy Dillon Blackboard Our syllabus and course information are available on Blackboard. Please submit your reflections, midterm paper, and final exam through the “Assignments” tab on our Blackboard course page. Mayra Martinez Wheelhouse Talks Earn extra credit worth 2% of your total grade by attending and reflecting on a Wheelhouse Talk by GVSU’s Hauenstein Center. You may earn credit for attending up to 2 talks (4%). 1/18 — Marsha Rappley 2/1 — Andy Dillon 3/14 — Mayra Martinez 4/11 — Rick DeVos 3 W I N T E R 2 0 1 2 1/11 Introductions, definitions, themes 1/18 Ideal leaders, pre- 1/25 The individual modern to modern and the state Sources Assigned readings Assigned readings “Subject of This Book,” Barzun The Prince, Machiavelli The Prince, Machiavelli “Understanding the Basics,” Bennis Tao Te Ching selection, Lao Tsu The Prince selection, Machiavelli “The Crisis of Leadership,” Burns Analects selection, Confucius Leviathan selection, Hobbes “What is Leadership?” DePree The Republic selection, Plato Second Treatise of Government selection, Locke “Human Development & Leadership,” Gardner Lives selection, Plutarch On Liberty selection, Mill Queen Elizabeth I selection “The Nature of Leadership,” Gardner “Through the Organization Behavior Lens,” Glynn Optional readings Introduction to Leadership, Kellerman “Twilight of the Idols,” Dizikes “What Leaders Really Do,” Kotter “Uses of Great Men,” Emerson The Federalist No. 51, Madison “Advancing Leadership Theory & Practice,” Nohria Abraham Lincoln selections “Federalism as a Mask,” Hitler “Timeless Leadership,” McCullough Henry V, Acts III & IV, Shakespeare “Ways CEOs Lead,” Farkas and Wetlaufer “What Is Leadership?” Porter and Nohria Optional readings The Federalist No. 16, Hamilton “Leadership That Gets Results,” Goleman “Philosophers and Kings,” Rustow Additional sources “Simpler Way to Lead Organizations,” Wheatley “Discipline of Building Character,” Badaracco Additional sources Introduction to Certain Trumpets, Wills “Leadership Lessons from Lincoln,” Goodwin “Development of the Individual,” Burckhardt “Managers and Leaders,” Zaleznik “Good Society and the Good Soul,” Williamson “The Early Years,” Gardner “Economic Perspective on Leadership,” Zupan “Fears on Winston Churchill,” Video Declaration of Independence, Jefferson “RSA: 21st Century Enlightenment,” Video “TED: Doris Kearns Goodwin,” Video “What Every Leader Needs to Know,” Kellerman “Patterns of Aggressive Behavior,” Lewin, et. al. “TED: Itay Talgam,” Video “Tilbury Speech” (Glenda Jackson), Video “Tilbury Speech” (Anne-Marie Duff), Video “Tilbury Speech” (Cate Blanchett), Video “Tilbury Speech” (Helen Mirren), Video Syllabus Explained Each week, you are responsible for “Assigned readings,” including our five core books and dozens of downloadable book chapters and journal articles. (Click green arrows and enter our password -- “●●●●●” -- to download.) You will have two weeks each to complete Machiavelli and Freud, and three weeks to complete “Part Three” of Arendt. All “selections” can be found in Kellerman’s Leadership. Come to class prepared to discuss each of our assigned readings in depth. Additionally one student will be responsible for bringing us up to speed on each of the “Optional readings.” You will have an opportunity at the beginning of the semester to select your two optional readings, which will be the subject of your two reflection papers. We will make use of multiple learning formats, but come prepared to engage with your classmates! 4 PA 390: Leadership Dynamics W I N T E R 2 0 1 2 2/1 Heroes and history 2/8 Charisma and the Assigned readings crowd 2/15 Transaction and transformation Civilization and Its Discontents, Freud Assigned readings Assigned readings Heroes, Hero-Worship, & the Heroic selection, Carlyle Civilization and Its Discontents, Freud The Origins of Totalitarianism, Part III, Arendt The Study of Sociology selection, Spencer Freud selection “What is to Be Done?” selection, Lenin “Great Men & Their Environment” selection, James Social and Economic Organization selection, Weber “Communist Manifesto” selection, Marx and Engels War and Peace selection, Tolstoy Optional readings Optional readings Optional readings Review of The Fiery Chariot, Berrington “Transactional to Transformational,” Bass “The Hero and the God,” Campbell “Shrinking History,” Parts One & Two, Coles “Advancing Diversity Agendas,” Kezar and Eckel “Passages,” Nietzsche Gandhi selection “Styles … in the Voluntary Sector,” Rowold “Heroic Power in Carlyle and Tolstoy,” Stambler “Letter from Birmingham Jail” selection, King “Applicability of Bass’s Model,” Spinelli The Crowd, pp. 7-20, LeBon Additional sources Additional sources “Monomyth in Cameron’s Terminator,” Palumbo Additional sources The Origins of Totalitarianism (xxiii-xl), Arendt “Id, Ego, and Superego,” Video “The Case for Charisma,” Bennis and Zelleke “The Power of Leadership,” Burns “Joseph Campbell and the Power of Myth,” Video “Heroes and Ideologues,” Burns “Interests, Conflict, and Power,” Morgan “TED: Victor Frankl,” Video “Charisma,” Conger and Kanungo “Mechanization Takes Command,” Morgan “The Ugly Face,” Gareth Morgan Animal Farm, Orwell “Charismatic Leader: King David,” Wills 1984, Orwell “TED: Derek Sivers,” Video Nineteen Eighty-Four, Film The Goebbels Experiment, Film Authority “But whoever steps out of line, violates the laws or presumes to hand out orders to his superiors, he’ll win no praise from me. But that man the city places in authority, his orders must be obeyed, large and small, right and wrong.” “It wasn’t Zeus ... who made this proclamation.... Nor did that Justice, dwelling with the gods beneath the earth, ordain such laws for men. Nor did I think your edict had such force that you, a mere mortal, could override the gods, the great unwritten, unshakable traditions.” — Creon in Sophocles’s Antigone — Antigone in Sophocles’s Antigone PA 390: Leadership Dynamics “My beloved subjects, a new era is about to dawn. I, Bloom, tell you verily it is even now at hand. Yea, on the word of a Bloom, ye shall ere long enter into the golden city which is to be, the new Bloomusalem in the Nova Hibernia of the future.” — Bloom in Joyce’s Ulysses 5 W I N T E R 2 0 1 2 2/22 Followers’ responsibility 2/29 Transition Assigned readings The Origins of Totalitarianism, Part III, Arendt Assigned readings The Origins of Totalitarianism, Part III, Arendt “Alfred Sloan: The Business of America,” Gardner “Leading in a Changing Environment,” Gardner Eichmann in Jerusalem selection, Arendt “The Essentials of Leadership” selection, Follett “The Political Power of Social Media,” Shirky Obedience to Authority selection, Milgram Leadership selection, Burns “The Revolution Will Not be Tweeted,” Gladwell Optional readings Optional readings “Historiography of the Holocaust,” Balfour “Who Mattered and Why,” Isaacson Optional readings “How Bad Leadership Happens,” Kellerman “The Dark Side,” Kellerman “Collaboration Rules,” Evans and Wolf Additional sources Additional sources “Leadership Beyond National Boundaries,” Gardner “Embracing the Absurd,” Barzun “Participative Premises,” Max DePree “Classical Sociological Approaches....” Guillen Sophie Scholl: The Final Days, Film “The GE Revolution,” Tichy and Sherman “Weber’s Categories of Authority....” Harrison Assigned readings 3/14 Sociology ... authority 2.0 “Religious Authority & the New Media,” Turner “Leading Change,” Ganz “1984 Apple’s Macintosh Commercial,” Video Sophie Scholl: The Final Days, Film Additional sources “Hutchins: Higher Learning to America,” Gardner “Six Degrees of Louis Weisberg,” Gladwell “The Great Cognitive Surplus,” Shirky and Pink “Leadership In the Age of Social Media,” Video “TED: Clay Shirky,” Video “TED: Seth Godin,” Video Responsibility 6 “We know enough if we know we are the king’s subjects. If his cause be wrong, our obedience to the king wipes the crime of it out of us.” “If [these men] die unprovided, no more is the king guilty of their damnation than he was guilty of those impieties for the which they are now visited. Every subject’s duty is to the king, but every subject’s soul is his own.” “And yet the menace of the years / Finds and shall find me unafraid. / It matters not how strait the gate, / How charged with punishments the scroll, / I am the master of my fate: / I am the captain of my soul.” — Bates in Shakespeare’s Henry V — Henry in Shakespeare’s Henry V — Henley in Invictus PA 390: Leadership Dynamics W I N T E R 2 0 1 2 3/21 Anthropology ... culture design 3/28 Psychology ... sensing 4/4 Neurobiology ... syncing Assigned readings Assigned readings Assigned readings “Tribal Storytelling,” DePree “What Makes a Leader?” Goleman “Primal Leadership,” Goleman, Boyatzis, McKee “Head, Heart, and Guts,” Tichy and Sherman “The Leadership Repertoire,” Goleman, et. al “Resonant Leadership,” Goleman, et. al “Margaret Mead....” Gardner “Human Development and Leadership,” Gardner “Eleanor Roosevelt,” Gardner “Margaret Thatcher,” Gardner Optional readings Optional readings “Pope John XXIII....” Gardner “Jane Addams & Hull House....” Knight “Leading Change....” Kotter “Space Is Not Empty,” Wheatley Optional readings “Level 5 Leadership,” Collins “Psychological Perspectives....” Chatman “George C. Marshall,” Gardner “A Clinical Approach....” de Vries & Engellau “Unifying Neural Theory....” Keysers & Gazzola “Life Cycle Theory....” Hersey and Blanchard “Emotion and Cognition,” Phelps “I Am Prepared to Die” selection, Mandela “New Psychology of Leadership,” Reicher, et. al. Additional sources Additional sources “Managers and Leaders,” Zaleznik “Brain Scientist Explains Leadership,” Joni “Creating a Transparent Culture,” Bennis, et. al. “Leading with Love....” Bryant Additional sources “Mindful Leadership,” Sethi “Cult-Like Cultures,” Collins “Adult Identity and Presidential Style,” Barber “Self and Social Cognition,” Uddin, et. al. “The Uncompromising Leader,” Eisenstat, et. al. “The Need to Belong,” Baumeister and Leary “Dr. Dan Siegel,” Video “Innovation at the Intersection,” Johansson “Paradox of Performance,” Denison, et. al “TEDxBlue with Daniel J. Siegel,” Video “Cultivating a Culture....” Kusy and Holloway “Lessons from the Past, Implications....” Gardner “Is Your Culture Broken?” Matthews “The Leaders’ Stories,” Gardner “Creating Social Reality,” Morgan “Strong Culture Plus Higher Purpose....” Video “TED: Simon Sinek,” Video “Paradox of Great Leadership,” Goffee & Jones “Cognitive Control of Emotion,” Ochsner & Gross “Moments of Greatness....” Quinn “TED: Dan Pink,” Video Human Dignity “There will be no loyalty, except loyalty to the Party. There will be no love, except the love of Big Brother. There will be no laughter, except the laugh of triumph over a defeated enemy. There will be no art, no literature, no science.... If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face -- forever.... If you are a man, Winston, you are the last man.” — O’Brien in Orwell’s 1984 PA 390: Leadership Dynamics “But there remains also the truth that every end in history necessarily contains a new beginning.... Beginning, before it becomes a historical event, is the supreme capacity of man.... This beginning is guaranteed by each new birth; it is indeed every man.” — Arendt in Origins of Totalitarianism 7 W 4/11 Physics ... order and chaos Assigned readings “Participative Nature of the Universe,” Wheatley “Self-Organizing Systems,” Wheatley “J. Robert Oppenheimer,” Gardner Optional readings I N T E R 2 0 1 2 4/18 Calculus ... limits, 4/25 Conclusion This is a beginning. Further reading.... derivatives, and the On Becoming a Leader, Bennis infinite series Assigned readings “A Generation of World Leaders,” Gardner “Civil Disobedience,” Thoreau “The Servant as Leader,” Greenleaf America in the King Years, 1954-1968 (3 v), Branch Brands on Franklin, Jackson, and the Roosevelts The Awakening, Chopin Fast Company An Autobiography, Gandhi “Roving Leadership,” DePree “Leadership in a (Permanent) Crisis,” Heifetz Optional readings 5 Minds for the Future, Gardner “The Work of Leadership,” Heifetz and Laurie “Seven Lessons of Leadership,” Gergen True North, George “Building Learning Organizations,” Senge “The Model,” Hunter Team of Rivals, Goodwin “How Bad Leadership Happens,” Kellerman Harvard Business Review Additional sources “Crozer Seminary,” King The Medici Effect, Johansson “Chaos Theory and Leadership Studies,” Burns “The Mark of a Winner,” Tichy Portrait of An Artist, Joyce “The New Order,” Tichy and Sherman Speeches and Writings, Lincoln “Understanding Empowerment....” Eylon “A Contingency Model....” Fiedler Additional sources The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt, Morris “The Tasks of Leadership,” Gardner “Building Relationships....” Carucci 1984 and Animal Farm, Orwell Afterword in Flawed Giant, Dallek Shakespeare’s Histories and Tragedies “Renaissance in Nonprofit Leadership,” Hansen “The Response to Crisis,” Kuhn “A Contingency Theory....” Lorsch “SuperLeadership,” Manz and Sims Epilogue in Nixon and Kissinger, Dallek “Discovering Authentic Leadership,” George “Learning and Self-Organization,” Morgan “Lessons from Mayo Clinic,” Seltman and Berry “Nature Intervenes,” Morgan “Transformational Versus Servant....” Stone et. al “Unfolding Logics of Change,” Morgan “The Age of Jackson,” Wilentz and Natfali “Quantum Leadership....” O’Grady TED: Steve Jobs,” Video Human Potential “But I don’t want comfort. I want God, I want poetry, I want real danger, I want freedom, I want goodness. I want sin.... I’m claiming the right to be unhappy.” — Savage in Huxley’s Brave New World “The only people for me are the mad ones, the ones who are mad to live, mad to talk, mad to be saved, desirous of everything at the same time, the ones that never yawn or say a commonplace thing, but burn, burn, burn like fabulous yellow roman candles exploding....” — Sal in Kerouac’s On The Road 8 “We can build ... organizations where people continually expand their capacity to create the results they truly desire, where new and expansive patterns of thinking are nurtured, where collective aspiration is set free....” — Senge in The Fifth Discipline PA 390: Leadership Dynamics W Bibliography Apollo 13. DVD. Directed by Ron Howard. 1995; New York, NY: Universal Studios Entertainment, 2006. Arendt, Hannah. The Origins of Totalitarianism. New York: Harcourt, Inc., 1976. 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