Issue 3: Electric Bike Magazine
Electric Bike Magazine Issue Three, including reviews of the Powabyke X-24, EBCO UCR60, Daum Trekking-H Premium, Kudos Tourer Nexus-8, Bosch pedelec system, BionX e-bike kit and more. Plus a full beginner's guide, crank drive vs hub motors, and the latest electric bike news.
Issue 3 www.electricbikemag.co.uk �2.50 where sold Six electric reviewsl Full beginner's guidel Crank vs hub drivel ON TEST: Powabyke X-24 EBCO UCR60 BionX kitl lKudos Tourer Nexus-8 Bosch crank drive Daum TrekkingHl e for easily. easily the most economic power assisted transport there is. easily the lowest prices guaranteed. easily the most comprehensive range. easily delivered and pre-assembled. easily the best finance arrangements. WE STOCK: The Gepida Range of Electric Bikes The Powabyke Range of Electric Bikes The Raleigh Range of Electric Bikes The IZIP Range of Electric Bikes The GoCycle Range of Electric Bikes The Reptila 900 Electric Bike Ladies & Gents The Ultra Motor A2B Hybrid Electric Bike The Ultra Motor A2B Metro Electric Bike The Green Edge Black Star 2 Folding Electric Bike The Wisper 906 XC Tourer Electric Bike The Wisper 905 SE Sport Electric Bike The Wisper 905 SE City S Electric Bike The Wisper 905 ECO Electric Bike The Wisper 805 FE Folding Electric Bike The Wisper 705 SE Ladies Electric Bike The Wisper Alpino Range of Electric Bikes The Powacycle Salisbury LPX Electric Bike The Powacycle Windsor LPX Electric Bike The Powacycle Puma / Lynx LPX Folding Electric Bikes The Powacycle Milan 2 Electric Bike The Infineum Extreme Electric Bike The Viking Range of Electric Bikes and many more........ as well as a comprehensive range of Tricycles NEW LONDON SHOWROOM NOW OPEN! To nd out more about our fantastic range and unprecedented knowledge of electric bikes in the UK contact us on: Tel: 01580830959 www.e-bikesdirect.co.uk or www.tricyclesales.co.uk Head o ce & showroom - Unit 6, Midicy Oast, Bodiam Business Park, Bodiam, East Sussex. TN32 5UP New London showroom - E-Bikesdirect London, 14 Ingate Place, Battersea, London. SW8 3NS It is advisable to contact us prior to coming for a demonstration TM Contents From the editor Welcome to the third edition of Electric Bike magazine! Four more electric bikes go under the spotlight this issue in our full reviews. Testing several bikes side by side is always illuminating: there are really very significant differences to be discovered even between bikes at similar price-points. I hope the reviews give you some idea of these differences: often it's not a case of better or worse, just of the designers working towards different objectives. My aim in reviewing is always to tease out the strengths and weaknesses of each design decision, so that you as a reader can match them up against your own priorities and budget to make a choice. Or even better, to make a shortlist for test-riding at a dealer or manufacturer's showroom. We've had great support from both advertisers and readers over the last few months, and as a result we've been able to add 12 extra pages this issue. That has allowed us to accommodate even more reviews, extra articles, a page of your letters, and more even more advice. It has taken rather longer than originally planned to bring this issue together, for which apologies � I hope you think it's worth the wait. 4 News All the latest from the electric bike world 8 8 14 6 Letters Your queries, suggestions and comments 8 Review: Powabyke X-24 14 Review: EBCO Urban Commuter UCR60 18 Short review: Bosch assisted Haibike MTB 20 Review: Kudos Cycles Tourer Nexus-8 26 Review: 20 Daum Ergo-Bike TrekkingH Premium 30 Short review: BionX power assist kit 32 Dealer locator Find your nearest electric bike dealer Peter Eland 26 38 Electric Bikes � the low down Author Richard Peace offers a beginner's guide 42 Decisions, decisions Crank drive vs hub motor, and derailleur vs hub gear ELECTRIC BIKE Electric Bike magazine is published quarterly by Velo Vision Ltd. ISSN: 2045-3183 (Print) ISSN: 2045-3191 (Online) Velo Vision Ltd York Eco Business Centre Amy Johnson Way York YO30 4AG Tel/Fax 01904 692800 firstname.lastname@example.org www.electricbikemag.co.uk Editor/Publisher: Peter Eland Art Director: Brian Holt Web Programmer: Simon Ward Editorial Assistant: Sue Archer Photo Assistant: Debz Butterworth Printer: Stephens & George Magazines Ltd Cover photo: Peter Eland Subscribe to Electric Bike 38 UK subscriptions cost just �10 (including UK postage) for a year (four issues). Back issues are also available while stocks last (�2.50 each). To order, call us on 01904 692800 with card details, order securely online at www. electricbikemag.co.uk or send a cheque (to `Velo Vision Ltd' please) to Velo Vision, Freepost RSBT-TLTE-RBHU, YORK YO30 4AG with your name and address. Please specify with which issue you'd like the subscription to start. Readers outside the UK should order via the website. We can send Electric Bike to anywhere in the world! Issue 3 Electric Bike 3 + NEWS Ten year battery warranty unveiled The Electric Transport Shop, with branches in Oxford, Cambridge, Bristol and London, have come up with a unique ten-year battery guarantee scheme intended to remove the worry of high battery replacement costs for electric bike users � even daily riders who are hard on batteries! It's tied in with a twice-annual (paid) service at their stores, but a heavy user would probably need that anyway unless intending to do their own maintenance. You'll have to contact The Electric Transport Shop for full details, terms and conditions, but this is a welcome development. www.tets.biz Royal rider P Storck Raddar move to Gateshead assist. The Prince made his way around the gardens, inspecting the eco-vehicles and sustainable garden displays, but he seemed particularly taken with Ivy, and expressed an interest in finding out what she was capable of. After quick instructions from myself, the gravel path was cleared of VIP guests and off he shot, even going off-piste onto his royal lawn! It was a fantastic and enjoyable moment for the Prince and spectators, most of all Ivy, having a royal bottom perched on her!" www.spencerivy.com Storck Raddar UK are now trading from their new offices in Gateshead, overlooking the River Tyne. The Raddar range of pedelec bikes "combine Swiss motors and German design and engineering for smooth reliable power." Storck are also collaborating with Cosworth, best known for their motorsport engines, and who are diversifying into clean energy, saying electric bike technology is "an exciting new area". www.storck-raddar.co.uk rince Charles added some royal pedalling to proceedings at the Bridgestone Eco-Rally which he was hosting at Clarence House in London. In attendance was Va Hua, director of Spencer Ivy, one of whose Panasonic-powered electric bikes we'll be reviewing next issue. He'd brought with him `Ivy', a unisex stepthrough model. Va describes how it happened: "I arrived at the event in my lounge suit (as per invitation guidelines), sweat-free thanks to the power Juicy's celebrity cyclist Juicy Bike in Buxton also had a brush with celebrity over the summer, reports company head Bob Wales. Apparently TV presenter Julia Bradbury was in town and enjoyed her ride on a Juicy Bike Classic around the grounds of Buxton's Pavilion Gardens. Julia was, says Bob, surprised and impressed by the experience, and is reported to have said "I must have one of these!" Juicy Bike are soon to reveal a new model, the Juicy Merlin, which will act as a showcase for a host of extras and upgrades soon to become available for their Sport range, including remote lock-out air shocks, hydraulic brakes and swept handlebars. They've also hinted at a Sport `Lite', with rigid road forks and 8Ah LiPo battery, intended for shorter road commutes. It's been a busy year for Juicy. "We have recently moved into a wonderful new warehouse, with a dedicated, modern, bright workshop and now have excellent facilities to custom-build bikes," says Bob. "That's important because this year I've noticed a marked increase in younger, fitter riders who simply see the sense of electric bikes and who want to show off their own design choices. We can now respond to customers who want their own unique bike by providing a menu of options that we will build in, especially for them, here in the UK." Juicy have also recently added two new dealers to their list: Green Electric Transport in Weymouth and Rusty's Cycles in Scunthorpe. www.juicybike.co.uk 4 Electric Bike Issue 3 NEWSI Congratulations to the following: 50cycles, who have been named Distributor of the Year by German e-bike manufacturer Kalkhoff. It's the second time they've won the award, the first being back in 2008 at the end of their first year importing the brand. The trophy will soon take pride of place in their Richmond showroom. www.50cycles.com Following up last issue's report of police on electric bikes, E-Bikesdirect sent us this shot of bikes which they supplied recently to Wealden Police, a division of the Sussex police force. They're based around Wisper bikes, with custom graphics and other modifications. www.e-bikesdirect.co.uk Infineum have launched a new bike for the UK, the �1699 Continental (pictured above), a model which is already a good seller in mainland Europe, they say. It employs their unique stackable battery system, letting you add packs for extra range, all locked in place for security. A crossbar frame version, the Continental GT, will also be available shortly. We'll be reviewing an Infineum machine in a future issue! www.infineumbike.co.uk Farewell John Gallahue, Irish electric bike pioneer Hase Bikes, our advertisers from Germany, whose Klimax 2K weather-proofed and e-assisted trike (pictured above) earned the prestigious Eurobike Green Award. It has also been recognised with two international product design awards: a Gold iF award and the `red dot' award. A new `5K' version of the machine is also under development with a 500W motor, to be licensed under German's moped regulations. www.hasebikes.com Powabyke, who collected two top awards from Able magazine at the 2011 Mobility Roadshow. The two winners were the Powabyke XLS (with the low step through frame) and their tricycle model, the Powatryke Cruiser, which was commended "for its unique qualities as a pre-mobility vehicle designed for those with limited use of their legs". www.powabyke.com York retailer and Gazelle importers Cycle Heaven, who recently opened a new store in a great location at York's train station. www.cycleheaven.co.uk Marty Mannering of Goeco writes: John Gallahue of Ballylanders, Co Limerick and president of the Irish Electric Bike Association, sadly passed away on Sunday 29th May 2011. A man of great charisma, pride and enthusiasm, he would always give advice and guidance when called upon without hesitation. An established author, singer and businessman in his own right, he never closed his door to any entrepreneur, especially those battling against the many barriers with Ireland's bureaucratic systems When the Irish Electric Bike Association was formed in 2009, we approached John to be the president to which he answered "It would be my honour": the type of response we had come to expect. The picture shows John helping to tackle rural isolation with an electric tricycle fitted with the first bicycle roof in the country. A small tribute to John can be read on the Goeco website: www.goeco.ie. He will be sadly missed by all at Goeco; John did more to help our development in Ireland than any other individual and stepped forward with a helping hand whenever we asked. A true gentleman and friend. Sincere condolences to John's family, friends and colleagues from us all at Electric Bike and, I'm sure, from all in the electric bike industry. Issue 3 Electric Bike 5 + LET TERS I request that you include the motor wattage in your reviews (and any other motor size options) as many countries have limits as to the size allowed. You can take it as read that the motors in bikes we test are rated at 250W continuous (to comply with UK/EU regulations) unless stated otherwise. Jon Bendtsen writes: Your report from EuroBike about all the different electric assist options made me think we need a standard for physical crank motor size and placement. We have a cassette standard, a standard for pedals, and to some extend for cranksets, so why not for motors? Happy to float the idea but I can't see it happening. Everyone in the industry has their own ideas about what works best, and there's little commercial incentive to make parts interchangeable between brands. There is an organisation (see www.energybus.info) pushing for battery connectors to be standardised but even that doesn't seem to have made much headway. Crank drive motors from Pacific (right) and Bosch (top): what chance a standardised mounting system? Thank you for the many letters we've received after the first two issues, with encouragement, suggestions, questions and even the occasional constructive criticism! Sadly we only have space here for a few. If you have any thoughts of your own we'd love to hear them. You can e-mail to email@example.com, send messages by post to the editorial address (see page 3) or by fax to 01904 692800. If you can include a picture, please do! Tom Daggett writes: I just recently signed up for a subscription to Electric Bike magazine, and I was wondering if you have any plans to review the Dahon Boost. I'm curious to know how it stacks up compared to the other bikes you're reviewing. That's a tricky one. I was well advanced in arranging a review via Dahon's UK distributors Zyro when it was announced in June that Dahon and Zyro are to end their collaboration after the 2011 model year. I still hope to review the Boost but wouldn't like to say exactly when. Paul Bradley writes: I have an electric bike I want to sell (Salisbury LPX). Is there a section to advertise second hand bikes in your magazine? No: the gaps between issues are too long for this to be practical. But you're very welcome to use the busy free small ads facility on the website forum of our sister publication Velo Vision: you'll see a link from www.velovision.com Magennis Weate writes: I am glad to have stumbled onto your magazine and will attempt to subscribe from Australia. Can Paul Youe writes: Firstly may I congratulate you on a great magazine. You mention you will be doing a review of the Wisper DaaHub (pictured above) when you get your hands on one. Have you any idea when this will be, as I may wait until you have published your findings before I make a purchase. It should be reviewed in Issue 4. With a bit of luck you'll have been able to try it for yourself before then! in Issue 2 (see above), but despite having sent them three e-mails I am still waiting for a reply. I am trying to find out who imports these kits and what they cost. As far as I'm aware there is as yet no EU importer. Sadly, I suspect the company will have little interest in dealing with individuals: they would want distributor orders in the 100s or preferably 1000s to make export viable. But the kit does look interesting, and the company do now have some extra details on their website (see www.achieverbike.com). Fietsen Koen writes: Do you know if the Electric Wheel Company (who produce the Nano motor for Brompton) still exists? One of our customers here in Belgium has one of their systems, keeps having problems with it, but there seems no way to reach them by phone or e-mail. I received several similar queries � it appears that the company did have some staffing issues earlier this year but they are now apparently back up to speed. William MacDonald writes: I am trying to find out about the Achiever retro-fit crank drive electric assist system which you pictured 6 Electric Bike Issue 3 On Bike The Specialist Electric Bike Shops in both Presteigne and Kidderminster. Come and get expert advice on all the best makes and models and try them on quiet, traffic free roads. E bike specialist www.onbike.co.uk We always have at least 15 demonstration bikes you can come and ride including the full range of eZee and E-motion bikes plus models from EBCO, Wisper, Raleigh, Daum, Batribike and more. KIDDERMINSTER 01299 251514 Wednesday - Saturday 10.30am-4.30pm Unit 330, Hartlebury Trading Estate, DY10 4JB PRESTEIGNE 07944 636080 Ring Pete first The Workhouse The Industrial Estate Presteigne, Powys LD8 2UF + ON T E S T X-24 The X-24 is the latest �999 flagship model from Powabyke, a long-established and best-selling brand since the very start of the recent electric bike renaissance. So how does their top model measure up? 8 Electric Bike Issue 3 Powabyke ON Powabyke Torq ON TEST: TEST: Ezee X-24 P owabyke can justifiably claim to be among the pioneers of modern electric bikes in the UK, with their first machines sold back in 1999. Since then they have sold tens of thousands through an extensive dealer network, and they now also have distributors in the USA, the Netherlands, Ireland and Sweden. Specialising in affordable machines with popular appeal, Powabyke doubtless owe much of their enduring success to a fine track record in supporting their bikes even several years after purchase. An online parts shop (for both consumers and dealers) provides instant access to spares and upgrades to fit machines going back many years. Their range was revamped in 2010 with the launch of the `X-Bike' concept. As you'll see when we examine the X-24, the key idea behind the X-bike is to use small, handy battery packs rather than one huge one � so it's easy to carry a spare if necessary. For shorter trips, you're not carrying extra battery weight around unnecessarily, and of course you only pay for extended capacity (in the form of an extra battery) if you need it. The other concept embodied in the X-bikes, say Powabyke, is modularity. The various electronic components are all plugged into each other, so if any part were to fail then it can be quickly and easily swapped out. The current Powabyke range consists of the X-24 as tested here (RRP �999), along with crossbar and step-through framed versions of the X-6 (�899, with six-speed gearing). All come in two frame sizes. There's also the Powatryke Cruiser (from �1024), a three-wheeler with a low step-through frame which is a popular option to provide independent mobility for the less agile, or for anyone with balance difficulties. Spare batteries for the X-24 cost �299 (36V, 6Ah) and a spare charger is �89. The standard warranty is for five years on the frame and one year on all other parts including the battery, excluding wear items. A three-year `total cover' extended warranty is available for �99. Our review bike was delivered direct from Powabyke, so we handled the pre-delivery assembly and checks which would normally be done by your dealer. Our machine was the smaller (18") frame size. Specification Weight overall (inc batteries): 22.09 kg Battery weight: 1.79 kg Bike only weight: 20.3 kg Charger weight: 0.38 kg (inc. mains cable) Battery type: Li-Ion Battery capacity: 216 Watt hours (6Ah 36V) Gearing: 24-speed Shimano Alivio derailleur gears. 28/38/48 T rings, 11-32T sprockets. Ratios 24-120" Brakes: Shimano Alivio V-brakes Lighting: none Other accessories fitted: mudguards, carrier rack, stand, bell. Price as tested: �999 ABOVE: The X-24's electrical system is built onto an essentially standard bike frame, giving the machine `normal bike' proportions and looks. � ON THE BIKE If you like your bikes shiny, then the X-24 won't disappoint! The mirrorfinished alloy frame looks reassuringly substantial, with oversized tubing and the tidy, scalloped joints typical of TIG-welding. It's complemented by silver components throughout, with the odd bit of black for contrast. The electrical system is fitted around what is essentially a standard bike frame, so the X-24 retains very much `normal bike' looks and geometry. The motor is in the front wheel, the lithium-ion battery pack is attached to the frame where you might often find a water bottle, and the control electronics are tucked away in front of the rear rack. The battery is a tidy little thing in its alloy case. It attaches to the bike via a neat alloy mounting, and it's wedge-locked in place by an unobtrusive Allen-key grub screw � Issue 3 Electric Bike 9 + ON T E S T the 700c wheels. Spoke tension was minimal on the front wheel on our bike, but that's the sort of thing that a dealer would pick up and fix before delivery. The back wheel was well-built. The two-legged alloy stand and the substantial rear rack are both solid and welcome accessories, as are the fitted mudguards � the front one could be a bit longer perhaps, to prevent muck being thrown onto the chainrings. No lighting system is fitted. A wide, soft saddle is fitted on top of a short-travel suspension seatpost. A minor niggle is that the box for the control electronics gets in the way when you open the quick-release to adjust the saddle, making it tricky to undo far enough. The seatpost is also a rather loose fit in the frame, although it's perfectly secure once the quick-release is tightened. Like the suspension seatpost, the suspension forks are unbranded and have quite short travel � maybe 40mm or so, which is fine for road use. There's no adjustment to match rider weight. Finally, the handlebars. They're supported on an angle-adjustable stem which puts them high enough to achieve a comfortably upright riding position. The combination of riser bars and ergonomically-shaped grips make for a comfortable `cockpit', although the grips rely on friction to secure them to the bars � so they gradually twist away under palm pressure. `Lock-on' types with a clamp would be better. The twist-grip throttle is activated by your right hand. The X-24 comes with a compact, silent charger which is light enough to take with you. It plugs straight into the battery pack, either on or off the bike. On the bike this would be easier were the pack a little further up the frame: it's a tight squeeze to get the plugs in and out against the downtube. It would also be good if the XLR socket on the battery were the other way up, so that you can see and more easily press the little tab which releases the plugs. � ON THE ROAD Powabyke provide a suitable `key' for your keyring. Arguably not as secure as a full locking system, but you'd be unlucky indeed to come across a thief targeting batteries. The control box is perhaps less of a thing of beauty than the battery: its alloy shell is secured to the carrier rack stays via a simple metal plate and two screws, which on ours resulted in it being noticeably off-centre. The clamp screws also pull the aluminium case out of flat, so there's a distinct gap between the end plates and the case edges. It's of no real consequence � hard to see how much water could get in � but surely a more elegant solution is possible without excessive cost. The components are all joined together by wires fitted with heavy-duty XLR connectors, the only exception being the motor wiring which employs a two-part waterproof connector. On ours, I noticed the insulation on the wire from the controller had split where it entered this connector, which might compromise its waterproofing � but we had no problems even after riding in the wet. All the cables run outside the frame tubes for easy access, so if any part needed replacing, you'd just snip a few cable ties to remove it before plugging in a new one. As its name suggests the X-24 has a 24-speed derailleur transmission. Gear changers and handlebar-mounted `trigger' shifters are from Shimano's mid-range Alivio groupset, a good quality set. The crankset has nonreplaceable chainrings and a plastic guard ring. The V-brakes are likewise Shimanobranded with Alivio levers, and they work against deep-section alloy rims, built with stainless steel spokes into ABOVE: The 1.79 kg battery is fitted where a water bottle might otherwise go; it's secured and released via the red-handled Allen key shown above. BELOW: Adjustable stem and ergonomic grips are both welcome features. The X-24 has a throttle to control the motor, and it's activated after a couple of pedal strokes. The key switch on the controller (it's a captive key by the way, so no putting it on your keyring...) has two `on' settings: in the first the motor cuts out after a moment if you stop pedalling (assuming you keep the throttle twisted). In the second, the throttle keeps working even if you stop pedalling, so you are pulled along without the need to pedal. Braking doesn't cut the motor, incidentally. What does is taking your hand off the throttle to indicate right! Once the motor has stopped, in either mode you'll need a few more pedal strokes to start it up again. The motor response is certainly powerful, whisking you up to speed swiftly. There's a whine from the motor which is clearly audible but not excessive, changing note as you go through the speed range. The motor's speed is quite easy to modulate using the throttle, so you don't have to charge around at top speed all of the time (unless you want to!). Talking of top speed, our X-24 had rather a high one. On the flat and under electrical power alone, no tailwind, the motor didn't cut out until almost exactly 30 km/h � whereas the UK's legal limit is 25 km/h (15 mph). I measured it several times to be sure. Powabyke looked into this and found that our review bike was set up for the USA market; UK retail ones all have the correct 25 km/h limit, they say. The motor is also impressive on hills: the sound deepens a bit as it works harder, but it pulls along well as long as you keep the speed up. The 24 gears are probably overkill for all but really hilly terrain, where they'll be particularly good on hill starts, but for flatter areas, the cheaper 6-speed option should be more than enough. As with many electric bikes, I found you actually use relatively few gears in normal use � a lowish one for starting off and a higher one for cruising near the cut-out speed. 10 Electric Bike Issue 3 ON Powabyke Torq ON TEST: TEST: Ezee X-24 The trigger to shift the rear gears is somewhat awkwardly placed, well inboard of the throttle grip, so even with my big hands it was a bit of a stretch to the levers. But as above, the gears weren't really an issue on my mainly flat commute. My journey to work is five miles each way, just the sort of trip the X-bikes are made for (and realistically, aside from real cycling enthusiasts, few will commute more than five miles or so by bike). Even though I'm a heavy rider, the X-24 would comfortably manage a one-way trip relying mostly on battery power. But it would then need a charge before the return trip: attempting a ten-mile stretch on one charge was touch and go to have any power left at the end. Lighter riders and those who put in more pedal effort will get better results, of course. But even for a modest commute, it does mean carrying the charger with you and being punctilious about setting the battery on charge after each ride � it's good practice to do that with all lithium batteries, anyway. HIGH POINTS: Powerful motor No-pedalling mode Modular electrics Company track record Easy spares availability Wide gear range Relatively light Spare batteries are relatively lightweight and compact LOW POINTS: Limited range Motor noise Not fully lockable battery Some design niggles for the picky No lights � SUMMARY Unassisted, the X-24 was fine to ride for get-me-home purposes, and in this state the gear range did receive a bit more of a workout than when under power. The brakes were fine. As is often the case, I wasn't convinced how much difference the suspension forks and seatpost really made to the ride quality, but the comfy saddle certainly made a major contribution. GOOD FOR: Riders with generally short journeys Those who prefer not to pedal Riders who couldn't lift a heavier bike Available from: Powabyke dealers: for the full listing see www.powabyke.com or phone 01225 786791. The Powabyke X-24 was an interesting machine to review. It's a straightforward throttle-type machine in many ways, with a powerful (but not especially quiet) motor and a rarenowadays no-pedalling mode. I also very much like the modular design, so that parts (easily available via Powabyke's online shop) can simply be swapped out if necessary, even by a non-technical user. I did pick up on a number of design/ build niggles. Powabyke do say that this, the excess speed and other issues I mentioned will be checked and/or fixed in future bikes, and to be fair none of them really make all that much difference to the usability of the bike. At �999, the X-24 comes in under the �1000 limit for the `Bike to Work' incentive scheme for UK taxpaying employees, and if your journeys are generally short, it's a machine which will pull you along with some power, pedalling or not, and it's also reasonably lightweight to lift, and normal-looking to boot. There are bikes in the same price-bracket with more range, certainly, but they may not have the X-24's other qualities. As ever, which approach is best for you is simply a question of where your priorities lie. If you're not as mechanically picky as I am, then I doubt you'll notice the niggles: the X-24 will do the job, and the backup of a company which has sold perhaps more (in the region of 40,000, I'm told) electric bikes than any other in the UK has to be a reassuring encouragement to give it a try. Peter Eland Autumn 2010 Electric Bike 5 + ON T E S T Urban Commuter UCR60 The UCR60 is one of six bikes offered by EBCO, a company new to electric bikes but with an enviable bike industry background. We tested it: does this �1499 bike measure up to expectations? EBCO 14 Electric Bike Issue 3 ON TEST: Ezee Torq ON TEST: EBCO Urban Commuter UCR60 A fter several years of planning and preparation, EBCO launched last year with a compact range of six bikes, all using the TranzX PST electric assist system from JD Group of Taiwan, a well established system also used on many bikes in mainland Europe. Behind the company are Rick and Paul Stanforth, widely known in the UK cycle industry as the founders of Saracen, in its time one of the bestselling mountain bike brands in the country. EBCO is based in Warwick, and as well as selling direct via their showroom and website, the bikes are available via a network of around 30 selected dealers across the UK. Alongside the UCR60 in the range is the low-step-through equivalent, the UCL60, at the same �1499 price; then two models (UCR30 and UCL30) at �1099 with more modest battery capacity and specification. Finally, two versions of the modernist 20"-wheeled `Eagle' bike at �1599, with even larger battery packs, complete the line-up. There's a single frame size for the UCR60, which EBCO say will suit riders with inside leg measurements from around 28" to 37". The UCL low stepthrough version is slightly smaller. EBCO bikes come with a five-year frame warranty, and one year for parts and battery. The battery is, they say, expected to withstand around 500 charge cycles before it starts to lose significant capacity � so about two years in daily use. Spare battery cost is to be confirmed. Our bike was supplied direct from EBCO, needing only minor assembly and a charge before the first ride. Specification Weight overall (inc batteries): 25.8 kg Battery weight: 3.1 kg Bike only weight: 22.7 kg Charger weight: 1.45 kg Battery type: Lithium-polymer Battery capacity: 240 Watt hours (10Ah 24V) Gearing: Shimano 8-speed Nexus hub gear. 38T ring, 16T sprocket. Ratios 34-104" Brakes: Shimano IM-80 roller brakes front and rear Lighting: front LED, rear LED Other accessories fitted: mudguards, carrier rack, stand, bell. Price as tested: �1499. � ON THE BIKE The UCR60 isn't the first and won't be the last bike to go for an all-black colour scheme: it's smart, discreet and doesn't show the dirt. The matt finish on this bike seems tough, and the colour co-ordination extends to pretty much every component bar the front hub motor and the rear hub gear, both silver. The graphics are also agreeably understated. The high and wide-swept handlebars are one of the first things to strike you about this bike. The long angleadjustable stem, which you can lock and unlock without tools, lets you position the bars anywhere from low down and forwards to upright and close, and at the angle of your choice. ABOVE: The display unit is built into the handlebars, and you can adjust the angle as you ride for the best view. RIGHT: The electric assist is controlled via this cluster of big, rubbery buttons near the lefthand grip. Well-shaped ergonomic grips, solidly secured to the bars via a clamp system, support your wrists. Curving between the grips is a rigid plastic `bow' which holds the electric assist display console. This can be simply pivoted around by hand to suit the angle at which you've set the bars. Sometimes it was handy to swivel the control downwards to avoid reflections in strong sun, too. The electric system's controls are clustered on a separate unit near your left hand. Four large, rubbery buttons are provided for assist mode, `turbo', Issue 3 Electric Bike 15 + ON T E S T HIGH POINTS: Great build quality and attention to detail Low-maintenance parts and design Comfortable ride and easy adjustment Smooth powerful assist Understated good looks LOW POINTS: Battery capacity not huge Not the lightest bike Not quite silent Assist doesn't start immediately when setting off Only a single frame size available GOOD FOR: power on/off and lights on/off. It's easy to use and feels solid. At first glance you might miss the front suspension: unlike most which have the suspension in the fork legs, as for motorbikes and most mountain bikes, this bike uses rigid fork legs and places the suspension element within the fork shaft. It's an arrangement which is arguably tidier, especially given the relatively short suspension travel, 35mm. This is fine for road use, where it just has to deal with vibration on poor surfaces and the occasional pothole. Mountain bike users need considerably more, but longer travel also means more dive under braking. So it's an appropriate choice here. A rubber bellows keeps dirt out of the moving parts. The fork also accommodates the motor in the front wheel, a fairly bulky unit. I thought the cable arrangements particularly neatly done, with a plastic shroud giving a clean exit from the hub, and a reassuringly chunky metal connector to attach it to the bike's wiring � which in turn is neatly secured with P-clips to the fork blade. On the other side, the motor has a Shimano roller-brake fitted, the latest IM-80 model which is noticeably more powerful than previous versions. It's a sealed unit which is pretty much impervious to the weather, and requires very little maintenance. A good choice for an urban commuter machine. Further items of note on the fork include the LED headlight, powered along with the matching rear unit via the main battery (with several hoursworth of light available even after the battery is empty for motor use). There's also a steering damper fitted, essentially a spring working between fork and frame to keep the front wheel from flopping round when the bike's parked. The spring's too weak to affect the handling as you ride, but it's a great help when propping the machine up on its stand. The transmission is via an 8-speed Shimano hub gear, with twist-grip shifter on your right hand. The rustproof-coated chain is protected by a plastic guard, keeping trousers tidy. Like the front wheel, it's built into a good quality Alex 700c rim with stainless spokes, and fitted with Kenda 40mm wide tyres complete with reflective stripes on the sidewalls. Mounted to a substantial rear carrier is the 240Wh (10 Ah, 24V) lithium-polymer battery, with the wires running from it neatly down a channel on the back of the seatpost, and thence inside the frame until they emerge near the fork crown. Everyday commuters The maintenanceaverse (within reason!) Anyone looking for a smart, fully-equipped machine � ON THE ROAD The battery itself is removable (by key, of course) by sliding it out of the rear of the rack. This is optional: you can charge it in place instead if you prefer; just lift a rubber cover on the side of the battery and plug the charger in. It all seems well-designed, rattle-free and secure. What's left? EBCO have decided not to include a suspension seatpost (as you'll have read in past reviews, many don't perform that well anyway) and instead there's a good alloy seatpost and a wide, supportive saddle. They've also added folding pedals � they are solid enough when riding, but can be flipped open to lay flat against the cranks. Possibly handy when storing the bike away! Available from: EBCO: Tel 01926 437700 or see www.ebco-ebikes. co.uk Contact EBCO or see their website for a list of dealers The character of the UCR60 can be varied quite noticeably by simply moving the handlebars � from a very upright cruiser-style bike to a crouched-over more sporty ride. Occasionally, facing a howling headwind on the way home, I would drop the bars for some aerodynamic gain: the tool-free adjustment really is handy. The character of the UCR60 can be varied quite noticeably by simply moving the handlebars... Either way, it feels like a solid and stable bike; like many electric bike it's not exactly light (at around 26 kg), so this is perhaps to be expected. But the short-travel front suspension, solid seatpost, secure brakes and general rattle-free construction all combined to make it feel dependable. The brakes pull you to a halt silently and strongly, gear changes are dramafree, and thanks to that steering stabiliser, even parking it is easy: just drop the two-legged stand and it stays secure, without the front wheel flopping round. Unassisted, it rides well: not a speed machine but apart from a little extra weight, it's much like any other bike. The decent tyre pressure and good gears make for fine get-youhome riding � but of course the whole point is to add in electric assist. The TranzX system used in the UCR60 is of the `pedelec' type: it senses how hard you're working (via a sensor in the bottom bracket) and Hub gears mean you can shift gears even when stopped, and the chainguard protects your clothing. 16 Electric Bike Issue 3 ON TEST: Ezee Torq ON TEST: EBCO Urban Commuter UCR60 The battery slides into the substantial rear rack and locks in place. The pedals fold flat(ish), possibly handy for storage. matches your effort via the motor. Setting off from a standing start there is a slight delay before the power cuts in, a turn of the pedals or so, but then it responds smoothly and powerfully, with only a light buzz to let you know the motor's working. The power assist can be set to three levels, with an additional `turbo' boost effectively providing a fourth level. It did feel a little less eager in the lowest setting, but I couldn't really tell all that much difference between the rest of them, and even the `Turbo' boost button seemed to have little real effect. With my five-miles-each-way commute not really threatening the range, it was very tempting to leave it on Turbo all the time. Even in this mode, it is good to use the gears to best advantage, especially for that first turn of the pedals before the motor assist takes the load off your legs. One of the features of the hub gear used on this bike is that it can be shifted at a standstill, so it's easy to select a lower gear before you set off. � SUMMARY Once you get going, the electric assist makes accelerating up to the standard 15 mph easy, and the cut-out at that point is handled smoothly: as your speed dips below the motor picks up again gently. As with many electric bikes, you quickly get the knack of riding at just below the cut-out speed, so that you're covering the maximum distance with minimum effort. Hillclimbing is pretty good too: all but the steepest gradients don't slow you down excessively, though they do eat battery of course. At 240 Wh the capacity of the UCR60's battery pack isn't among the largest around (nor is it the heaviest, of course...) but on the flat and with a heavyish rider (me) putting in modest work on the pedals, it managed 30-odd miles per charge, in line with EBCO's claims. That's enough for most there-andback commutes with charge to spare, away from the worst hills at least. too is the way that low maintenance and practicality has been designed in from the start. This should be a bike to transport you year round and in all weathers with a minimum of attention. It's also a comfortable bike and easily adjusted to get a good fit. The TranzX system also impressed, with well-behaved power assist, a good display and intuitive controls. The delay before it kicks in when setting off might be a drawback for some riders, although the gears compensate to an extent. More effective `economy' settings might also be good to let you really stretch out the battery capacity if you run short, but that's a minor matter. Overall this felt to me like a quality bike with handsome looks and functionality to match; it has the backup of a well-funded and experienced company too. If the price is in your budget ballpark, it should be on your shortlist and a target for a test-ride. The level of fit and finish on the UCR60 is most impressive, and so Peter Eland B I K E S The K L I M A X of all-weather mobility! Ride to work in morning rain with the Foldable Fairing, and back home in the afternoon sun "with the top down". With powerful electric assist, you can master even hilly stretches sweat-free. And always nice and dry: The K L I M A X 2 K makes it possible. w w w. h a s e b i ke s . c o m Electric bikes Come and see our range of bikes from: Daum � Batribike � Velospeed ***** Five star electric bikes (as reviewed in A to B magazine) Pugh's Garden Centre, Ty-nant Road, Radyr, Cardiff. CF15 8LB The Old School House, Ambury Road, Aldworth, Berks RG8 9TJ 01635 579304 � www.velospeed.co.uk � firstname.lastname@example.org Please contact us to arrange a visit Autumn 2010 Electric Bike 5 + ON T E S T Bosch at the beach We take a first ride of the new Bosch powerassist system, fitted on a Haibike mountain bike, at the beach near Felixtowe, courtesy of importers Justebikes. e mentioned the Bosch e-bike crank drive system last issue in our Eurobike report, but all the indications were then that it would take a year or so to reach the UK. Not so: it's here already! Justebikes in Leiston (near Ipswich) in Suffolk, who also import European brands Koga, Sparta and Hercules, already have bikes with the Bosch system in stock � specifically two models from German company Haibike. They kindly let us test-ride the first to arrive, the offroad eQ Xduro FS (�2759). Since our visit they have added another model, the on-road eQ Trekking (�2395). We were keen to get a proper ride on the Bosch system: the credibility of a household brand name like Bosch entering the electric bike field is a welcome move. But how does W their drive system measure up? Justebikes dropped me and the Haibike just north of Aldeburgh on the Suffolk coast, and I rode the machine over a mixture of road and beach to the Martello tower a few miles south of the town. The battery is a 288 Wh (36 V, 8Ah) unit, mounted to the downtube above the crank motor � both have chunky, power-tool-style looks. The display console is smart and clear, and quickly removable as an antitheft measure. As for most crankdrive machines, there's no throttle, although you can set varying power assist levels. The bike instead senses your pedalling effort and adds to it. The Haibike it's fitted to is a serious mountain bike, with long-travel suspension front and rear. I'm no MTB ABOVE: With the Bosch drive unit mounted within the main frame triangle there's plenty of ground clearance. 18 Electric Bike Issue 3 ON TEST: ON TEST: Ezee Torq Bosch eQ Xduro FS expert but can say that it all looks like top quality stuff, as it should be for the price... I set off on sandy, gravely beach � unassisted a real chore to ride through, with the bike bogging down easily and requiring low gears, reminding me why I'm not really fit enough for full-on mountain biking! Switch on the Bosch system, though, and the experience is transformed. The motor drive gets your speed up without excessive effort, so that you can ride through the terrain and really take advantage of that suspension travel. And in contrast to electric cycling on the road, where the 15 mph assist speed limit often seems frustratingly low, off-road it was just fine: at my skill level at least I wouldn't have wanted to go any faster through the bumps... I was too busy steering and balancing, and enjoying the novel feeling of off-roading without the effort, to really gauge the Bosch system's responsiveness until the beach section ended and a road began. Some experimenting with starting off, ABOVE: A spoke-mounted magnet on the rear wheel lets this sensor feed back your riding speed to the control electronics. BELOW: Bosch's smartlydesigned display unit, easily removable when you park the bike. low-speed riding etc. proved that the system is well-behaved: it responds pretty much instantly to your pedalling (from the very first moment as you set off) and also cuts out well. At high power levels it does kick in powerfully enough to really make the bike feel alive. The drive isn't silent: it has a mechanical-sounding buzz which is low-pitched enough not to be annoying, but it is just loud enough to be audible to passers-by. My conclusions? First, that mountain bikes and electric assist are a fantastic combination: it can only be a matter of time before it really catches on. Second, that the Bosch system is a good performer. I felt it was noticeably more lively/powerful than the widely-used Panasonic or Yamaha crank drive systems, but possibly a tad noisier. It certainly looks well made and appealing. It'll be interesting to see, though, whether it eventually appears on sub�2000 bikes. At the moment it seems to be fitted to machines only at the top end of the range, while the other crank drive systems I mentioned are rather more affordable. Justebikes do say there is a �2099 model coming for 2012. As far as I can judge from the test ride, it has the edge in terms of lively performance, certainly in styling, but at a price. It's early days yet of course, with the Bosch system in its first year on the market, and it'll be fascinating to see how it develops. We'll doubtless have a full review in due course. Peter Eland Justebikes: Tel 01728 830 817 or see www.justebikes.co.uk No.2 Electric Bike 3 + ON T E S T Tourer Nexus-8 Kudos Cycles Newcomers this year to the electric bike industry, Kudos Cycles are keen to make waves with their 2011 range. Among their launch offerings is the Tourer, which we reviewed in its �925 hub-geared version. 20 Electric Bike Issue 3 ON Tourer Nexus-8 ON TEST: Kudos Cycles TEST: Ezee Torq K udos Cycles launched earlier this year, and they've come to market in a fullhearted fashion, offering a range of 11 bikes. The operation's parent company, Rally Design, is a successful car parts supplier which has been trading now for 38 years, and is still family-owned and run. Specification Weight overall (inc batteries): 27.7 kg Battery weight: 4.72 kg Bike only weight: 22.98 kg Charger weight: 0.66 kg (inc. mains cable) Battery type: Lithium iron phosphate Battery capacity: 360 Watt hours (10Ah 36V) Gearing: 8-speed Shimano Nexus hub gear. 38T ring, 16T sprocket. Ratios 34-104" Brakes: V-brake front, Shimano roller brake rear Lighting: front LED, rear LED Other accessories fitted: full chaincase, frame lock, mudguards, carrier rack, panniers, stand, bell Price as tested: �925 Both operations work from a base in Swalecliffe, Kent, where their warehouse was recently extended to accommodate the stock of Kudos bikes and spares. Test rides are available by appointment, and at many events which Kudos attend. The machines cover a wide range of styles, from cruiser to folder, modern to retro. Kudos operate a comprehensive online shop with every spare part for each model. For all bikes, the warranty covers frame and battery for two years, while controller, charger and all other nonwear parts are covered for one year. Kudos claim to offer unusual value for money when it comes to specification by buying in bulk and selling direct to consumers and via a select dealer network. If you buy direct, the bike arrives fully checked, with the only assembly required being to re-fit the handlebars. Our bike is the Tourer, a model which comes in two versions. The `Deore-9' version uses derailleur gearing and costs �845, while the one we tested, the `Nexus-8' version, uses hub gearing and costs �925. Kudos actually sent us both models, and as BELOW: A nice wide saddle, the framemounted lock for the rear wheel and the luggage elastics are all good features. � ON THE BIKE you'll see elsewhere in this issue, we've taken the opportunity to explore some of the differences between the two drivetrain types. But this review will concentrate on the hub geared version. Only a single frame size and colour is available, about an 18" frame. Spare batteries (36V, 10Ah) cost a reasonable �208.80. All prices include VAT. Our review bike arrived direct from Kudos rather less assembled than a customer's bike would, but after a short spannering session it was ready to go. The Tourer is an interesting mix of influences: the alloy frame and the handlebars both show their mountain-bike heritage, while the chaincase, wide saddle and frame lock remind me of a Dutch town bike. Kudos market this bike as `designed for long range touring', which it will do, but it looks more like a commuter bike to me. Either way, it's smart enough in a bold white colour scheme for the frame, and black or grey for just about everything else. Kudos have bucked the trend for electric bikes, even the very Issue 3 Electric Bike 21 + ON T E S T console, light switch, brake lever cutouts) are all tidied using some rather basic-looking heatshrink tubing: one length had already split under the strain. Not the neatest wiring I've seen, perhaps. The battery pack on the other hand is a tidy unit, slotting into the rack via a metal guide rail, and locking into place. Kudos have chosen lithium iron phosphate packs for their bikes, saying that while this type is not at the cutting edge when it comes to capacity per unit weight, it is safer in the event of damage or short circuit, more environmentally friendly and also expected to last longer in use than most lithium-ion or lithiumpolymer types. The unit fitted here is a 36V, 10Ah pack. There's a charging socket and four-level charge display hidden under the fold-out handle, so you can charge on or off the bike. The charger is silent and fairly compact. The handlebar control unit offers five levels of power assist, and a clear display of speed, distance and battery state. There's a backlight for night use. The button labelling might be clearer perhaps, but it's of no matter � you very soon get the hang of using it. Opposite the display on the bars is the twist grip for the hub gears, a Shimano Nexus 8-speed. The whole chain drive is concealed (and protected from dirt) by a three-part plastic chaincase, which comes apart easily for maintenance or rear wheel removal. Of course the chaincase also completely removes any risk to your trousers from grease marks or getting caught in the chain. More bikes should have them. Brakes are in the form of a Shimano roller brake at the back, and V-brakes at the front. The roller brake rear is cheapest, to use suspension forks and seatpost, instead providing relatively lightweight, rigid items for both. To my mind, lack of suspension is in this situation a positive bonus: the cheap units never work well anyway, they introduce play and `brake dive' which makes the handling less precise, and they can sap your energy as you pedal. Plus suspension is heavier and requires more maintenance. That's not to knock good (usually more expensive) suspension: it can make a real difference to comfort � but if a bike's parts budget is tight, then I'd suggest that suspension isn't a priority. Most electric bikes are used on roads, which may not be perfect but do tend to be essentially flat... In any case, both tyres and saddle provide a suspension effect on any bike. The Tourer's saddle is wide and supportive, and the 700c wheels are shod with 40 mm wide Kenda tyres (with welcome reflective sidewalls, which illuminate in the headlights of cars approaching you side-on). There's masses of clearance in both frame and fork for wider tyres if you did want a little extra comfort. The handlebars are MTB riser type, supported by a fixed-angle stem, and with round rubber grips which unfortunately (as on several other bikes I've reviewed recently) `squirm' under palm pressure, rather than being properly locked onto the bars. The round profile isn't very comfortable to hold, either � I'd upgrade to ergonomically-shaped ones which support your palms. For me, a fairly tall rider at 6' 2", the riding position is moderately leaned-forward. An angle-adjustable stem would have been welcome, so that I could have raised the bars up and towards me. One could be added cheaply enough if your taste matches mine. Then again, for longer rides many would prefer to be a little more leaned-over; it's more aerodynamic and it also tends to make climbing a bit easier. The major contributor to easy climbing is the motor, a well-proven Bafang unit, fitted into the front wheel. A connector behind the fork joins it to the bike: the cable then joins the other wiring which passes through the frame to the battery and controller which are mounted at the rear rack. The various wires which leave the handlebars (for control HIGH POINTS: Excellent display Rigid forks rather than cheap suspension Good to get a hub gear, full chaincase, great stand and lights for the money Spares easily available and reasonably priced Reliable Bafang motor Two year warranty covers battery LOW POINTS: Battery capacity not huge Not the lightest bike Not quite silent Assist doesn't start immediately when setting off Only a single frame size available GOOD FOR: Those wanting the motor to do most of the work Commuters seeking a low-maintenance e-bike sub �1000 Riders who value keeping clothing muck-free! Available from: Kudos Cycles: Tel 01227 792 792 or see www.kudoscycles.com � ON THE ROAD BELOW: Shimano Nexus hub gears are good to see at this price, as is the full protective case around the chain. That finned ring beyond the hub is the cooling disk for the roller brake. great � smooth if not overly powerful, and works well in all weathers. The V-brake has a bit more power, but can suffer more in the wet, so it's not a bad combination. Also fitted are good mudguards and an excellent stand, which swings out way to the side to provide stable support. There's good bright LED lighting front and rear, running from the main battery (even if `empty' for motor power) and controlled by the red handlebar-mounted button. Mounted to the frame at the back is a frame lock: very popular overseas, this is a device which lets you lock the back wheel in an instant, with a steel bar passing between the spokes. It'll immobilise the bike, but not prevent it being carried away. A handy bit of extra security. Finally, the Kudos comes with a set of black panniers which drape over the battery pack and rear rack, secured there via straps. Not perhaps the most robust, capacious or waterproof panniers ever but hey, they're free, and will be useful for quick errands. But the main reason they're included is again for security, to conceal the battery and make the bike less obviously electric to the casual onlooker. Not a bad idea at all. The Tourer's electric assist is fairly simple: you choose one of five power levels, then once you've pedalled a couple of turns the motor kicks in at that power, propelling the bike until you either squeeze a brake lever or stop pedalling. This does mean that instantaneous, fine control of the power isn't really possible: changing the power level involves repeated button presses, not easy to do in a hurry. In practice, though, you swiftly adapt and learn to anticipate the motor power. The Bafang motor gives its usual hum, audible to passers-by if there's no traffic, but not particularly annoying and very hard to hear over traffic noise. It pulls you up to speed well, and will maintain the pace up modest hills. If the speed does drop below around 12 km/h or 8 mph, though, you can hear it starting to strain and it's best to help out with some pedalling. I wouldn't say this is a hillclimb specialist bike, but it does have enough gears to get up 22 Electric Bike Autumn 2010 ON Tourer Nexus-8 ON TEST: Kudos Cycles TEST: Ezee Torq almost anything if you can provide moderate pedal input. The system does favour letting the electrics pull you along, I think, rather than encouraging pedalling. If you want to contribute meaningfully to acceleration you need to actively change gears to keep up. Instead, it's far easier to stay in a lowish gear for those initial unassisted moments, then just keep your feet moving so that the motor doesn't cut out, as it drags you up towards 25 km/h. Going much faster (by pedalling) than `assist speed' involves so much extra effort that it's very easy just to stay just below and let the motor do the work. Unpowered, I found the bike rode well. It's when you have no power that you particularly appreciate the lack of excessive suspension: your work's all going towards motion, not bouncing up and down. Only my hands and wrists suffered at all from bumps, under power or not, and that's more due to the uncomfortable grips than any lack of suspension. I did sometimes feel the handling ABOVE: A Bafang motor, as seen on many an electric bike over the years. BELOW: I've seen neater routing for the wires and cables. The LED lights are good, though. � SUMMARY was a little ponderous, and I suspect this may be the result of that fairly heavy battery, placed high up and to the rear. It's also quite noticeable when wheeling the bike around. Like all such things, you quickly get used to it. The accessories fitted to the Tourer really do increase the ease of use � especially if, like me, you just tend to ride in `normal' clothes. The chaincase means there's no need to even tuck in a trouser leg, and the side stand makes it easy to prop the bike up wherever you are. One minor niggle is that the bulk of the battery makes it a bit difficult to attach certain panniers to the rear rack � there's not much room behind the rail for the hooks. But it's hard to be too critical about this when Kudos have provided a set of panniers free with the bike! The Kudos Tourer makes many design choices with which I would agree, going for simplicity over complication. I'd probably make a few changes to the stem and grips to make the riding position more comfortable for my taste, and eventually change the tyres for fatter ones, but nothing's an urgent upgrade. Overall it's well equipped for the money, and some of the details are excellent, such as the backlit display. That said, it isn't a silent bike, some of the cosmetics and details aren't flawless, and it's not an especially light machine. But at a price of �925, the Tourer is a definite and worthwhile step up from the cheapest bikes around, and its low-maintenance design, complete with full chaincase, rivals bikes considerably more pricey. It's good to see a two year battery guarantee, and replacement batteries are also very reasonable as these things go. The availability of a full set of spares online is also a reassuring sign. Overall the Kudos put in a very solid performance: if you're looking for a sub-�1000 all-weather, all-year round ride, it should be on your shortlist. Buyers' Guide ELECTRIC BICYCLES Technology - Out mid December Peter Eland History Everything you always wanted to know about electric bikes, with expert opinion on: * The different technologies * The latest models * Using and maintaining electric bikes * Their green credentials and their pros and cons And lots more... �12.95 - 256 pages - 170 photos, diagrams, graphs and tables ISBN: 978-1901464245 Available online via www.electricbicyclesbook.com or through all good bookshops and selected bike shops ELECTRIC BI C YC L E S The Complete Guide David Henshaw & Richard Peace Foreword by Dick Strawbridge Autumn 2010 Electric Bike 5 "A Rolls Royce on 2 wheels" Mick Brown MD. 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Findingtheperfectratioiseasyandspontaneous. � KingLCDProgrammablePedalAssistance � ByadjustingtheratioyoucancontinuouslyandseamlesslyshifttheN360to maintaintheperfectcadencethroughouttheride � WiththeN360continuouslyvariabledrivetrain,you'realwaysincontrolinaway nootherfixedgearsystemcanmatch.Smoother,simplerandmoreenjoyable forall.Neverfearshiftingagain. � ARollsRoyceon2wheels "Purrs like a Rolls Royce" byo-26nuv �1249 FREE UK DELIVERY INC VAT IF YOU ARE NOT COMPLETELY DELIGHTED WITHIN 28 DAYS WE WILL COLLECT AND REFUND YOUR MONEY www. .COM TRADE ONLY ENQUIRES - PLEASE ASK FOR CREDIT APPLICATION FORMS new Electric bike range Folding Frame 20" Alloy folding frame 20" Wheel 6 Speed Shimano gears 36v 10aH Li-ion battery 250w Brushless geared motor 25 miles/40km Range 4-6 hrs Charging time Pedal assistance with throttle controller byo-20fd �575 FREE UK DELIVERY INC VAT INC VAT Folding Frame chameleon 24 24" Aluminium folding frame 24" Wheel with Double Rim 6 Speed Shimano Gears 36v 10aH Li-ion Battery 250w Brushless Motor 25 miles/40km Range 4-6 hrs charging time Pedal with throttle controller chameleon 20 byo-24fd �749 FREE UK DELIVERY INC VAT mount ain bike 26" Aluminium frame 26" Wheel with double rim 6 Speed Shimano gears mount ain bike 28" Aluminium frame 28" Wheel double rim 8 Speed with roller brakes 36v 10aH Li-ion battery 250w Brushless geared motor 4-6 hrs Charging time King LCD programmable Pedal assistance byo700mtb �1199 FREE UK DELIVERY INC VAT ibex 26 ibex 28 36v 10aH Li-ion battery 25 miles/40km Range 250w Brushless motor Suspension ball saddle 25 miles/40km Range 4-6 hrs Charging time Pedal with throttle controller byo-26mtb �799 FREE UK DELIVERY INC VAT Call 02392 488362 email: email@example.com AUTHORISED ONLINE RESELLER www.sophies-cycles.co.uk + ON T E S T Ergo-Bike TrekkingH Premium The Ergo-Bike from Daum Electronic brings a fresh design approach from Germany, with its own crank-drive system, distinctive battery case and GPS-equipped display. How does it perform? Daum 26 Electric Bike Issue 3 ON TEST: Premium ON TEST: Daum Ergo-Bike TrekkingHEzee Torq D aum are a well-established fitness and gym equipment manufacturer based in Germany, and the machine we tested is one of a range of three `Ergo-Bike' electric bikes. Ours was the `TrekkingH' model; a mixte frame (semi-low step-through) is also available as the `TrekkingD', while the `Comfort' has a very low step-through frame. Two frame sizes are available for each design, and colour choice is silver or black for each. `Classic' or `Premium' versions of each are offered, the main difference being the addition of GPS and mobile phone functionality to the display of the Premium models. Our test bike was a black `Premium' with a smaller (48 cm) frame. Daum are represented in the UK by Velospeed, based in a quiet village between Reading and Oxford, with lovely riding to hand on and around the ancient Ridgeway, which is close by. Their showroom also holds bikes from E-Motion, Batribike and Gocycle. The Daum bikes are also sold by Onbike in Kidderminster. All of the Daum models sell for the same prices: �1950 for the Classic and �2350 for Premium versions. All come with a two-year guarantee including the battery. Daum-specific optional extras are limited to the heart-rate monitor chest belt (�67.99). Spare batteries cost �399, and a spare charger is �169. A number of standard bike accessories such as baskets can of course also be fitted. Shimano hub gear, and there's a separate chain tensioner at the back to keep the chain tight as it wears. The V-brakes fitted may be less fashionable than disk brakes right now, but they're dependable, simple and powerful enough. It would all look very normal Specification Weight overall (inc batteries): 25.6 kg Battery weight: 3.6 kg Bike only weight: 22 kg Charger weight: 1.09 kg Battery type: Li-Ion Battery capacity: 342 Watt hours (9.5Ah 36V) Gearing: 8-speed Shimano Nexus hub gear. 38T ring, 21T sprocket. Ratios 26-80". Lighting: front LED, rear LED Other accessories fitted: bell, mudguards, carrier rack, stand. Price: �2350 (note mechanically identical Classic is �1950) and `non e-bike' were it not for the massive battery box which sits above the rear carrier � a very solid rear rack, incidentally, with a handy set of extra rails to support panniers. Initially I'd assumed that this box was in fact the battery, but no, there's a separate, noticeably smaller 36V, 9.5Ah battery inside it which you can simply pull out for charging (having used the key to unlock it of course). It looks very much like a generic Chinese battery pack, in an extruded aluminium case, but Velospeed say it's equipped with extra battery monitoring circuitry, and that it uses higher grade cells than most. The big battery box is equipped with rubber BELOW: The battery case dominates the bike visually � although arguably the huge display console gives it some competition! Otherwise, the bike's a fairly normallyproportioned diamondframed machine. � ON THE BIKE P h o t o : D a u m El e c t ro ni c I picked up the Daum fully-assembled from Velospeed, so there was no assembly to contend with. First impressions were of a very sleekly fi nished bike: the matt black fi nish on the frame, smooth welding at the joints and all-black components combine for a classy, but not showy, look. The alloy frame is pretty much a standard diamond frame shape, with just one extra tube above the motor. Bike parts are all of a good quality, with branded suspension forks and seatpost, a good set of mudguards and kickstand thrown in. A plastic chaincase conceals the motor, and also offers plenty of protection to keep your trousers free from chain dirt. The transmission is via an 8-speed Issue 3 Electric Bike 27 + ON T E S T THE DISPLAY � ON THE ROAD It's hard to sum up in a few words all that the display console on the Daum can do. Indeed, it's hard to get your head around it on the bike unless you have a real need: I, like most riders I suspect, just settled for the very clear display of speed, charge level and distance remaining. Time, temperature and distance covered are also given, all displayed very legibly via the LCD screen, with a backlight for when it's dark. Delve into the menus, however, and there's a fair bit more to discover. You can record your heartrate, speed and distance against time on an SD memory card, which slots into the display, and then later analyse it on computer. The SD card also handles software updates. Our `Premium' version adds in a GPS system, allowing the bike to determine its location by satellite and to record your route with even more accuracy. With an altimeter also built in (working on the air pressure principle, to complement the GPS altitude determination) height and gradients can also be recorded. It's possible to get the system to adjust assist levels according to gradient, and it'll even recommend which gear you should be in! The final extra for the `Premium' is the GSM module, which effectively means that the console has its own built-in mobile phone, complete with SIM card. This means that the bike can send its position to a remote operator � perhaps a hire company � so that it can be kept track of at all times. If it's stolen, a `theft' function can be set up remotely via the Daum website so that the bike sends a text message (with its GPS location) to the owner next time it's switched on. It's all exceedingly clever, and Daum also provide software for your computer to import the route data and to convert it to KML format for display via Google Earth, or to GPX for other route-sharing applications. Pre-prepared routes can also be downloaded to the console, and they're displayed as a rudimentary but zoomable line map for you to follow. This would be ideal for hire operators, who might send bikes off preprogrammed with a scenic route for their customers to follow. If the preceding two paragraphs make sense to you, you may well enjoy the extra functions offered by the `Premium'. If not, the simpler and cheaper Classic console is probably the one to choose! The first impression of the bike is one of solidity � everything is rigid, rattle-free and secure. There's little flex in the bars, and the front suspension travel is modest enough to keep dive under braking to a minimum. But it is also responsive enough to take the harshness out of the ride. Wheeling the bike around, I occasionally felt the weight of that high-up battery, but on the road never. It certainly didn't seem to affect handing at speed, which was solid and stable, levels of control helped doubtless by the relatively wide handlebars. The brakes also functioned fine with good levels of stopping power. ...the Daum's convenient controls and power level system can really help you eke out its capacity when necessary HIGH POINTS: Excellent build Well-behaved electric assist Quiet if not quiet silent Clear console display Unique console functionality LOW POINTS: Bulky battery box on rack Battery capacity not massive Noisy motor, even after resonance fixed Heavy bike thanks to huge battery Not cheap (but nor are the parts) So to the electric assist element. As a crank-drive pedelec system, the motor kicks in when you put pressure on the pedals, matching your efforts with electric `boost'. The level of assistance is set by the `Mode' buttons near you left hand, easily accessible as you ride. The assistance is smooth and quiet � not quite silent � and it's very well-behaved. Standing at the lights ready to set off, there's none of the occasional `kickback' you get with some crank drives. Then setting off, it adds in power with a gentle buzz, and straps so that you can easily attach loads to the top of it, and it will certainly protect the battery itself from knocks. As mentioned, the motor is concealed around the bottom bracket � it's a 250W brushless motor system with, says the manual, a two-speed gearbox built in (though I never felt or heard it operate). And it apparently not only has torque sensors built in but also tilt sensors, and there are cut-out contacts on the brake levers too. It's all controlled by the substantial display console. No flimsy plastic here � it feels like you could lift the bike by it! I've described some of the functions on offer separately above. A smaller switch unit with four buttons by your left hand lets you set power assist level as you ride, cycle through the display models (`scan') or activate the `push assist' � a low-speed motor assist mode to help you push the bike when walking with it, up a ramp out of a cellar for example. There's a lighting system running off a hub dynamo in the front wheel, so it's completely separate from the electric assist system, and both front and rear lights are excellent LED type units. Finally, a kickstand is fitted to a purpose-made mount point on the frame near the rear axle. GOOD FOR: Hire operators People who like recording, sharing or analysing route maps Those worried about theft Anyone looking for understated style and quality Available from: UK importers: Velospeed: Tel 01635 579304 or see www. velospeed.co.uk Also from dealers including Onbike: Tel 01299 251514 or see www.onbike.co.uk Manufacturer: www. daum-electronic.de with a quick cut-out as you stop. The transition to pure pedal power at the legal limit of 15 mph is well handled; it cuts in and out smoothly as you transition around the critical speed. The 8-speed Shimano hub gearing system worked well with the crank drive: shifting was drama-free, and if you didn't manage to ease off the 28 Electric Bike Issue 3 ON TEST: Premium ON TEST: Daum Ergo-Bike TrekkingHEzee Torq pedalling before shifting, it would cope with some shifting under load. With the electric assist to help, low gear was fine even on fairly steep hills. As well as our usual testing around York (fairly flat) I took the bike to the Tour de Presteigne and rode it on the hilly 60-mile day ride which had been organised for the Saturday, taking us to Hay-on-Wye and back despite the rain. Many thanks to Velospeed � SUMMARY Good quality SR Suntour forks, complete with preload adjustment to match rider weight. Also note the tidy guide for the hub dynamo cable. for being so understanding about its mucky state when I handed it back. The Daum acquitted itself very well on this ride, making it to within a few hundred metres of the finish before the battery finally cut out. I'd been putting in a fair bit of pedal effort, and turning the power off or down to minimum on the flats and downhills, but it's worth noting that every other bike on the ride with similar battery capacity had swapped to a fresh pack en route. I suspect I was just pedalling a lot more than the others, but it does also show that the Daum's convenient controls and power level system can really help you eke out its capacity when necessary. It's hard to fault the build quality or the comfort and solidity of the Daum. I do have some aesthetic reservations about the rather strange design choice that is the huge battery box, but that's a minor matter with no real consequences for the ride. With prices from �1950, it's not exactly cheap, but the bike parts and component quality are in line, and all I can see points to the drive and battery being of really good quality too. The elaborate display system was good to use, and reassuringly solid and waterproof. For private users, however, the advanced GPS and SIMcard features of the `Premium' version seem like pure overkill. But for hire applications or geeks they could be fantastic, and if you're a pessimist, the theft prevention aspect could be attractive too. Anyway, if you don't want these bells and whistles, just go for the Classic version instead. Overall, the Daum we tested was a high-quality, durable bike ideal for hire services who want little hassle and can employ its advanced features to good effect. For private users, you're paying for industrial-style quality which should provide good, dependable cycling performance, and if there are a few features left unused, so what? It'll still be a pleasure to ride. Peter Eland The IRISH Electric Bike Experience 3 day trips 7 day trips 2 day bike testing weekends A legendary Irish welcome is promised with electric bike enthusiasm thrown in from Ireland's only electric bike specialist. Top of the range electric bikes, top of the range fun & craic! Visit www.goeco.ie or www.electricbikeholidays.ie Well then are ya coming? No.2 Electric Bike 5 + ON T E S T BionX: the boost which brakes A first impressions report on the BionX power assist system, in the form of a kit fitted to a Dahon Cadenza full-size folding bike... T he BionX power assist system was initially developed in Canada, and immediately gathered a reputation for being really good kit. Unfortunately, for several years manufacturers and consumers alike found supply difficulties frustrating. Now, though, they seem to have sorted that out and in the UK, distribution is in the capable hands of well-established trade supplier Zyro. Kits to fit to an existing bike are available with prices running from �1079.99 to almost �1800. Zyro sent us a well-used Dahon Cadenza demo bike with a kit already fitted, along with other (not relevant here) upgrades and modifications. It's not obvious, but this bike can be folded in half via hinges hidden in the frame tubes � and having the kit fitted doesn't affect this. Our kit uses a substantial 37V, 9.6Ah battery pack. You'd best hope you don't need more, as a spare costs an astonishing �1049.99! It's a curvaceous unit fitted to a bracket on the downtube, with a key lock to release. It can also be charged in situ via the XLR socket on the side. The cables to motor and handlebar display unit are led out from the battery mounting bracket (so they stay in place if you remove the battery). There's plenty of heatshrink and insulation to protect the cables as they exit � the rest of their runs to motor and controller are tidied with cable ties. The whole rear wheel is supplied with the kit (either 700c or 26") and the cable enters the motor on the non-drive side, with a connector ABOVE LEFT: As you can see here, the rear wheel version of the BionX motor can be fitted with a disk brake. The neoprene sleeve on the chainstay protects the motor cable and connector. ABOVE RIGHT: Spare batteries are fearsomely expensive, so take care of the one that comes in the kit! hidden below the chainstay under a protective cover. The motor is equipped with a standard disk brake mount, and on the drive side with a mounting for a screw-on freewheel. The handlebar console fits on a nice solid bracket, and is quickly removed if necessary. Here you can select the various power assist levels, see speed, distance, charge level etc. A secondary cable runs from the console bracket to the front brake lever, where a small magnet and 30 Electric Bike Issue 3 ON TEST: Ezee Torq ON TEST: BionX ABOVE: The display is easily removed. LEFT: Magnet and pick-up on the brake lever let you control the regenerative braking. sensor allow the brake lever to control one of this system's key features � the regenerative braking function. The idea is to set the sensor so that when you just tweak the lever, it switches the motor from assisting you to acting as a generator and slowing you down, feeding some energy back into the battery as it does so. When it's set up right you can use this effect to slow down without using your normal brakes at all. If that's not sufficient stopping power, just squeeze the lever a bit harder and the brakes engage as normal. So how did it work? Well, it feels like one of the most powerful systems I've tried: after an initial half turn of the pedals, the motor kicks in and at the full assist level, it simply whisks you up to 15 mph smoothly and silently � so quickly in fact that I got into the habit of simply leaving the bike in top gear: nothing else is needed! The power the motor gives is nominally 300% of your effort: in reality this is enough that you rarely need to put in significant work yourself to get the bike up to full speed. At lower power levels it works well with you if you want more of a cycling workout, feeling natural and responsive. And the range seemed really good too: depending on your pedalling effort and all of the other factors, the quoted 50-odd miles doesn't seem unrealistic. The regenerative braking also worked remarkably well � you save the wear and noise of `conventional' braking, and it slows you really noticeably. Great for descents or stops planned ahead, but you definitely need good brakes too for more urgent stopping. So, all in all the BionX seems to live up to expectations, with completely silent power assist which is strong, smooth and responsive, with the added bonus of regenerative braking which really works. But the price for the kit alone is more than many midrange complete bikes � which means it's a substantial investment indeed. Peter Eland Available via Zyro dealers: see www.zyro.co.uk See the latest juicybike Built for the UK & European Markets Electric Trikes also Available electric bikes from only Stockists around the UK Dealer Enquiries Welcome �714 at www.batribike.com Powashop Buying your electric bike parts has never been so easy! Order Powabyke parts, accessories & upgrades online Batteries, ignition keys, circuit boards, chargers, adaptors and much more... BUXTON Stylish Sport, Urban and Classic bikes available to test ride now great quality, great spec, great price ECO - REPUBLIC.COM 01298 214040 Cavendish Arcade SK17 6AL 3 No.2 Electric Bike Free delivery when purchased online Go to www.powabyke.com to nd Powashop on the homepage 154 154 160 156 160 156 155 155 157 157 159 159 111 111 21 21 20 20 19 19 69 69 82 82 79 79 75 84 75 84 78 78 76,81 77 76,81 77 83 53 83 53 80 52 80 52 12 16 102 12 102 16 13 13 164 15 164 15 163 18 14 163 18 14 17 17 109 109 110 110 105 105 106-108 106-108 146 146 145 145 124 124 126 126 125 125 46 46 Electric Bike's dealer locator 89 89 28 27 28 27 29 112 29 112 128 128 129 129 130 130 127 127 88 88 85 85 87 87 115,116 115,116 W 103 103 104 104 11 11 132 132 47,50 47,50 131 131 118 118 117 117 166 166 162 162 165 165 139 139 151 151 66 66 41 41 136 136 86 137 137 86 138 138 55 150 150 113,114 10 113,114 10 67 67 24 23 24 23 25 25 26 26 68 68 48 48 49 49 9 9 167 167 91 to 101 77 8 8 6 91 to 101 1 21 2 3 6 90 90 70 3 44 72 70 72 133,134 71 133,134 71 74 74 119 135 73 119 135 73 122,123 56 122,123 56 30 30 148 45 45 147 121 147 51 148 55 121 149 61 57 51 149 55 61 57 59,60 64 141 59,60 44 64 141 44 58,65 54,62,63 142 58,65 54,62,63 142 33 33 140,144 143 38 40 140,144 143 43 38 40 43 32 32 39 31 39 31 35 34 35 34 36 36 168,169 168,169 37 37 elcome to this issue's dealer locator! Readers in Scotland, please don't write in � your map is over the page! To make it easier to locate a local shop we've sorted the whole listing into England, Scotland and Wales first, then by county. The shops listed are from the dealer networks of Raleigh and Wisper Bikes . Dealers with extended descriptions and highlighted in blue are Electric Bike advertisers, too, and of course many dealers will carry other brands not detailed here as well. The shops listed are featured because their participation helps support this magazine. As readers, please support them too, and do mention Electric Bike if you call. Finally, if you're an electric bike dealer and would like to be listed next issue, please do get in touch! Guernsey Guernsey 170,171 170,171 Map outlines courtesy of www.comersis.com Jersey Jersey 11 Cambridgeshire The Electric Transport Shop Hope Street Yard Hope Street Cambridge CB1 3NA 01223 247410 www. electricbikesales.co.uk Ten+ major brands stocked, conversions, custom builds, repairs. Ask about 10 year battery warranty, e-bike hire, more. 12 Cheshire Cyclelife Lymm 1 Birchbrook Road, Heatley Lymm WA13 9RR 01925 753424 www.cyclelife.com 13 Cheshire John Geddes Cycles 43 Widnes Road Widnes WA8 6AZ 0151 4207797 www.johngeddescycles.co.uk 14 Cheshire Morreys of Holmes Chapel 8-10 The Square Holmes Chapel CW4 7AD 01477 533125 www.cyclelife.com 15 Cheshire The Bike Factory 153-161 Boughton Chester CH3 5BH 01244 317893 www.thebikefactory.co.uk 16 Cheshire P and H Lawnmowers and Cycles 173-175 Market Street Hyde SK14 1HF 0161 368 1558 17 Cheshire Supreme Cycles 42-52 Earls Street Crewe CW1 2AT 01270 585640 18 Cheshire The Bike Factory 153-161 Boughton Chester CH3 5BH 01244 317893 www.thebikefactory.co.uk 19 Cleveland Cyclelife Stockton Skinnergate Cycles Stockton Brunswick Street Stockton on Tees TS18 1DU 01642 606520 www.skinnergate.co.uk 20 Co Durham Cyclelife Durham A1 Motorstore, Front Street, Framwellgate Moor Durham DH1 5AU 0845 6521442 www.directcarparts.co.uk 21 Co Durham Geared 4 The Old Bank, Newmarket Consett DH8 5LQ 01207 504652 22 Cornwall Aldridge Cycles Cambourne 38 Cross Street Cambourne TR14 8EX 01209 714970 www.aldridgecycles.co.uk England: 01 Avon Atmosphere Electric Bikes (Bristol) 137 St Georges Road Bristol BS1 5UW 0117 9087153 www.electricbikes.org.uk Long established e-bike centres with a stunning range of brands, workshop, demo area at superb prices. 02 Avon Gardiner Homecentre Old Bread St Broad Plain Bristol BS2 0JP 0117 9292288 www.gardinerhaskins.co.uk 03 Avon The Electric Transport Shop St Gabriel's Bus. Park St Gabriel's Rd Bristol BS5 0RT 0117 955 2271 www. electricbikesales.co.uk Ten+ major brands stocked, conversions, custom builds, repairs. Ask about 10 year battery warranty, e-bike hire, more. 04 Avon Take Charge Bikes 3 Georges Place Bath BA2 4EN 01225 789568 www.takechargebikes.co.uk 05 Bedfordshire Cyclelife Edlesborough Janes Ltd, 4-8 High Street, Edlesborough Dunstable LU6 2HS 01525 220208 www.cyclelife.com 06 Berkshire Berkshire Cycles 207 High Street Crowthorne RG45 7AQ 01344 774520 www.berkshirebikes.com 07 Berkshire Berkshire Cycles 18-20 Wokingham Road Reading RG6 1JQ 0118 9661799 www.berkshirebikes.com 08 Berkshire Berkshire Cycles 186 Loddon Bridge Road Woodley RG5 4BS 0118 9695776 www.berkshirebikes.com 09 Berkshire Velospeed The Old School House, Ambury Road, Aldworth Reading RG8 9TQ 01635 579304 www.velospeed.co.uk Bikes from Daum, Batribike and Velospeed. Try out our bikes in the quiet Berkshire countryside. 10 Buckinghamshire Cyclefleet Ltd The Bicycle Workshop Rookwood Frith Hill Great Missenden HP16 0QS 01494 868607 32 Electric Bike Issue 3 DEALERS 23 Cornwall Clive Mitchell Cycles 6 Calenick Street Truro TR1 2SF 01872 276930 www.clivemitchellcycles.co.uk 24 Cornwall Aldridge Cycles Camborne 38 Cross Street Camborne TR14 8EX 01209 714970 www.aldridgecycles.co.uk 25 Cornwall Hayle Cycles 36 Penpol Terrace Hayle TR27 4BQ 01736 753825 26 Cornwall The Cycle Centre 1 New Street Penzance TR18 2LZ 01736 351671 27 Derbyshire Hassop Station Ltd Monsall Trail Cycle Hire Hassop Station nr Bakewell DE45 1NW 01629 810588 www.hassopstation.co.uk 28 Derbyshire Juicy Bike 5 The Colonnade Buxton SK17 6AL 01298 21 40 40 www.juicybike.co.uk Best kept secret: style, quality and excellent value. Great range available, all under �900. 29 Derbyshire Samways Cycles 20-22 Ashbourne Road Derby DE22 3DR 01332 368849 www.ukcyclestore.com 30 Devon Bike-It Barnstaple The Warehouse, Mill Road Barnstaple EX31 1JQ 01271 323873 www.bikeitbarnstaple.co.uk 31 Devon Braking Wind Cycles 2 Park Road Dawlish EX7 9LQ 01626 865161 www.brakingwindcycles.co.uk 32 Devon Exmouth Cycle Hire 1 Victoria Road Exmouth EX8 1DL 01395 225656 www.exmouthcyclehire.com 33 Devon Partridge Cycles Superstore A38 Kennford Exeter EX6 7TF 01392 833303 www.partridgecycles.co.uk 34 Devon Simply The Bike 100-102 Belgrave Road Torquay TQ2 5HZ 01803 200024 www.simplythebike.co.uk 35 Devon Bigpeaks.com Bigpeaks Centre Linhay Business Park Ashburton TQ13 7UP 01364 654080 36 Devon Plymouth Cycle Scene Hyde Park House Mutley Plain Plymouth PL4 6LF 01752 257701 37 Devon Trading Post 31 Fore Street Kingsbridge TQ7 1PG 01548 852923 38 Dorset Cycle Path Unit Q Link Mall, 1st Floor Dolphin Centre Poole BH15 1TF 01202 680123 www.cycle-paths.co.uk 39 Dorset Cyclelife Weymouth 28 Abbotsbury Road Weymouth DT4 0AE 01305 781831 www.cyclelife.com 40 Dorset Cyclelife Christchurch Cyclexperience 179 Barrack Road Christchurch BH23 2AP 01202 486278 41 Dorset Cyclelife Gillingham Wheels Cycles Station Road Gillingham SP8 4QA 01747 825757 42 Dorset Cycle Paths Unit Q Link Mall, 1st Floor Dolphin Shopping Centre Poole BH15 1TF 01202 680123 www.cycle-paths.co.uk 43 Dorset Dorchester Cycles 31 Great Western Road Dorchester DT1 1UF 01305 268787 www.dorchestercycles.co.uk 44 Dorset Wheels Cycles Station Road Gillingham SP8 4QA 01747 825757 www.wheelsofdorset.com 45 East Sussex E-BikesDirect c/o MTF Enterprises Ltd, Unit 6, Midicy Oast Bodiam Business Park Bodiam TN32 5UP 01580 830959 www.e-bikesdirect.co.uk Quality bikes, low prices, assembled delivery, finance, test facilities, London showroom now open. 46 East Yorkshire Cyclelife Bridlington Hilderthorpe Cycles, 40 St Johns Street Bridlington YO16 7JS 01262 677555 www.hilderthorpecycles.co.uk 47 Essex Colchester Cyclestores 50 St Johns Street Colchester CO2 7AD 01206 563890 www.colchestercyclestores.co.uk 48 Essex Cyclelife Brentwood B & M Cycles & Toys, 13 High Street Brentwood CM14 4RG 01277 214342 www.cyclelife.com/brentwood 49 Essex D2 Leisure Group Unit 3/4 Falcon Park, Luckyn Lane, Pipps Hill Ind Estate Basildon SS14 3AL 01268 288208 www.d2leisuregroup.co.uk 50 Essex Cyclelife Colchester 26 St Botolphes Street Colchester CO2 7EA 01206 530073 www.cyclelifecolchester.co.uk 51 Gloucestershire Williams Cycles 82-86 Albion Street Cheltenham GL52 2SE 01242 512291 www.williams-cycles.co.uk 52 Greater Manchester Cyclelife Failsworth Rowbothams, 470 Oldham Road Failsworth M35 OFH 0161 6811671 53 Greater Manchester Winstanleys BMX 8 Martland Court, Martland Point Industrial Estate Wigan WN5 0LU 01942 205463 www.winstanleysbmx.com 54 Hampshire Cycle World - Portsmouth 373 London Road Portsmouth PO2 9HJ 02392 666500 www.cycleworld.co.uk 55 Hampshire Cycle World Wessex Unit 9 Bourne Centre Southhampton Road Salisbury SP1 2NY 01722 440372 www.cycleworld.co.uk 56 Hampshire Cyclelife Farnborough Silvester Brothers, 5 Cove Road Farnborough GU14 0EH 01252 543778 www.silvesterbros.co.uk 57 Hampshire Cyclelife Petersfield Rear of 40 Dragon Street Petersfield GU31 4JJ 01730 266644 www.cyclelife.com 58 Hampshire Cyclexperience - Brockenhurst The Island Shop, Brookley Road Brockenhurst SO42 7RR 01590 624207 www.cyclex.co.uk 59 Hampshire Hargroves Cycles 453 Millbrook Road Southampton S015 0HX 02380 789170 www.hargrovescycles.co.uk 60 Hampshire Peter Hansford Cycles Bridge Road, Parkgate Southampton SO31 6BX 01489 573249 www.peterhansford.co.uk 61 Hampshire Team Hybrid Unit F3, Knowle Village Business Park, Mayles Lane Knowle PO17 5DY 01329 832068 www.teamhybrid.co.uk UK distributor for Falco E-Motors. Dealers for Raleigh, Ultra Motor, Wisper E-Bikes. 62 Hampshire Solent Cycles 159 West Street Fareham PO16 0DZ 01329 822608 www.solent-cycles.co.uk 63 Hampshire Town Bikes 2 Portland Buildings Stoke Road Gosport PO12 1JH Hampshire England 02392 584410 www.townbikesgosport.co.uk 64 Hampshire Emsworth Car and Cycle 41-43 North Street Emsworth Portsmouth PO10 7DA 01243 372742 65 Hampshire CycleX Ltd Brookley Road Brockenhurst SO42 7RR 01590 623407 66 Herefordshire Mastercraft Cycles 39 Bridge Street Hereford HR4 9DG 01432 274047 www.mastercraftcycles.co.uk 67 Hertfordshire Cyclelife Royston 44a High Street Royston SG8 9AW 01763 247911 www.cyclelife.com 68 Hertfordshire Cycle Experience Ltd Unit 4c Beaumont House Hedley Road St Albans AL1 5HH 0845 4348451 www.cycleexperience.com 69 Isle of Man Outdoors Albert Road Christian Street Ramsey IM8 2EL 01624 811550 www.outdoorcycles.com 70 Kent Bigfoot Bikes 50 Hayes Street Bromley BR2 7LD 0208 4625004 www.bigfootbikes.com 71 Kent Bike Bike Sevenoaks 53-55 High Street Sevenoaks TN13 1JF 01732 464997 72 Kent Cliftonville Cycles 166 Northdown Road Cliftonville Margate CT9 2QN 01843 291650 73 Kent Cycles UK 111 High Street Tonbridge TN9 1DL 01732 365718 www.cyclesuk.com 74 Kent Lean Machines 36 Kirbys Lane Canterbury CT2 8AG 01227 811 717 www.leanmachines-kent.co.uk We offer quality electric 2 wheelers: innovation and attention assured! Come and see us! 75 Lancashire Bikes Direct 365 Granby Marketing Services, Stanley Street Blackburn BB1 3BW 0844 8119784 www.bikesdirect365.com 76 Lancashire Bill Nickson Cycles 55A Towngate Leyland PR25 2FQ 01772 422259 www.billnicksoncycles.com 77 Lancashire Cyclelife Accrington A1 Motorstores Market Street Church Accrington BB5 0DP 01254 389911 www.a1motorstores.co.uk 78 Lancashire Cyclelife Blackpool 5-21 Vicarage Lane, Marton Blackpool FY4 4EF 01253 763442 www.samtaylorbikes.co.uk 79 Lancashire Cyclelife Fleetwood Brooks Cycles & Leisure 4 & 8 North Albert Street Fleetwood FY7 6AA 01253 872169 www.brookscyclesandleisure.co.uk 80 Lancashire Cyclelife Leigh Ratcliffe's Cycles 113A Bradshawgate Leigh WN7 4ND 01942 673481 www.ratcliffesofleigh.co.uk 81 Lancashire Cyclelife Preston Sutcliffe's Cycles 26 Ribbleton Avenue Ribbleton Preston PR1 5RY 01772 796176 82 Lancashire Oggys Cycles 34 Regent Road Morecambe LA13 1QN 01524 832860 www.morecambecyclecentre.co.uk 83 Lancashire Valley Scooters 136 Blackburn Road Bolton BL1 8DW 01204 532183 84 Lancashire On Yer Bike Queen Street, Off Queens Lancashire Way Burnley BB11 1AT 01282 438855 www.onyerbikeonline.com 85 Leicestershire 50cycles (Loughborough) Unit 21, Gordon Road Loughborough LE11 1JP 0800 0288 116 www.50cycles.com New 50cycles showroom, headquarters and workshop. Test ride bikes from our entire range. 86 Leicestershire Bikes & Sports 6-10 Stockwell Head, Hinckley Leicester LE10 1RE 01455 617202 www.bikesandsports.co.uk 87 Leicestershire Cyclelife Coalville Coalville Cycles 28 Belvoir Road Coalville LE67 3PN 01530 832179 www.cyclelife.com 88 Leicestershire Top Gear Electric Bikes 82-86 Leicester Road Mountsorrel Loughborough LE12 7AN 0116 237 6800 89 Lincolnshire J.C. Cook 125 Pasture Street Grimsby DN32 9EE 0800 0560380 www.jccookcycles.co.uk 90 London 50cycles (London) 82 Hill Rise, Richmond upon Thames TW10 6UB London 0800 0288 116 www.50cycles.com Test ride electric bikes from Kalkhoff, Oxygen, Freego and Gocycle in nearby Richmond Park. 91 London W Bicicletta Limited 5 Pall Mall Deposit 124-128 Barlby Road London W10 6BL 0208 9682155 92 London Bike Republic Unit 2 Premier Park Park Royal London NW10 7NZ 0208 4001251 93 London Cyclelife Mill Hill 8 Bittacy Hill Mill Hill NW7 1LB 0208 3465784 www.cyclelife.com 94 London Cycles UK 135 Creek Road Greenwich SE8 3BU 0203 4177237 www.cyclesuk.com 95 London Cycling Made Easy 18 Chipstead Valley Road Coulsdon London CR5 2RA 02086 608823 www.cyclingmadeeasy.co.uk 96 London E Chamberlaine & Son 75 Kentish Town Road London NW1 8NY 0207 4853983 www.chamberlainecycles.co.uk 97 London T Ditchfield Ltd 792-794 High Road, Leyton E10 6AE 0208 5392821 www.ditchfields.co.uk 98 London E-bikesdirect (London) 14 Ingate Place Battersea SW8 3NS www.e-bikesdirect.co.uk Quality bikes, low prices, assembled delivery, finance, test facilities, London showroom now open. 99 London Electric Zero Ltd 6 Heath Street Hampstead NW3 6TE 0207 7943373 www.vitaelectric.co.uk 100 London The Bike Shop 2288-290 Lee High Road Lewisham SE13 5PS 0208 852 6680 www.bikeshoplewisham.co.uk 101 London The Electric Transport Shop 183 York Way London N7 9LN 0207 4822892 www.electricbikesales.co.uk Ten+ major brands stocked, conversions, custom builds, repairs. Ask about 10 year battery warranty, e-bike hire, more. 102 Merseyside Quinns Bike Centre 379-385 Edge Lane Liverpool L7 9LQ 0151 2286262 www.quinnsbikecentre.co.uk 103 Norfolk Cycles UK Norwich Pilch (Lower Ground Floor) 1517 London Street Norwich NR2 1JE 01603 624253 www.cyclesuk.com 104 Norfolk Transport Electric 16 Longs Industrial Estate, England Lane Gorleston NR31 6NE 01493 603388 www.transportelectricuk.com 105 North Yorkshire Bike-It Cycle Warehouse Victoria Courtyard, 131 Victoria Road Scarborough YO11 1SP 01723 507332 www.bikeitcyclewarehouse.com 106 North Yorkshire Cycle Heaven 2 Bishopthorpe Road York YO23 1JJ 01904 636578/651870 www.cycle-heaven.co.uk Your classic all round bike shop, but well known for utility roadsters, folders and electric bikes. 107 North Yorkshire Get Cycling 22 Hospital Fields Road Fulford York YO10 4DZ 01904 249581 www.getcycling.org.uk 108 North Yorkshire Shannons Cycle Centre 169-171 Boroughbridge Rd York YO26 6AN 01904791610 www.shannonscyclecentre.co.uk 109 North Yorkshire Electric Mountain Bikes Kirkbymoorside 01458 550304 www.electricmountainbikes.com Very powerful custom-built e-bikes & conversion kits. MTB/Hybrid, commuting, folding, tandems. Electric Goat, Heinzmann, Gruber, BionX. 110 North Yorkshire Trailways Old Railway Station, Hawsker Whitby YO22 4LB 01947 820207 www.trailways.info 111 Northumberland Cyclelife Alnwick The Great Outdoor Store, Unit 10, Oak Drive, Lionheart Ent. Park Alnwick NE66 2EU 01665 602925 www.cyclelife-alnwick.co.uk 112 Nottinghamshire Powered Bicycles 50-52 Main Street Long Eaton NG10 1GN 0115 9727201 www.poweredbicycles.co.uk 113 Oxfordshire Reg Taylor 285 Iffley Road Oxford OX4 4AQ 01865 247040 www.regtaylorcycles.co.uk 114 Oxfordshire The Electric Transport Shop 125 Magdalen Road, Oxford OX4 1RJ 01865 243937 www.electricbikesales.co.uk Ten+ major brands stocked, conversions, custom builds, repairs. Ask about 10 year battery warranty, e-bike hire, more. 115 Rutland Rutland Cycling Whitwell Car Park, Bull Brigg Lane, Whitwell Oakham LE15 8BL 01572 737624 www.rutlandcycling.com Issue 3 Electric Bike 33 116 Rutland Rutland Water and Cycle Unit 3 Manton Engineering Wing Road Manton LE15 8SZ Rutland England 01572 737624 www.rutlandcycling.com 117 Shropshire Honda Equipe Ludlow 158 Coronation Avenue Ludlow SY8 1DP 01584 874738 118 Shropshire Plush Hill Cycles 01694 720133 8 The Square Church Stretton SY6 6DA www.plushhillcycles.co.uk 119 Somerset The Bicycle Chain Salmon Parade Bridgwater TA6 5PY 01278 423649 www.bicyclechain.co.uk 120 Somerset Cyclelife Crewkerne Serv-u, 10 Market St. Crewkerne TA18 7LA 01460 76191 www.cyclelifecrewkerne.co.uk 152 121 Somerset Cyclelife Wellington Kings Cycles, 7 Corn Hill Wellington TA21 8LU 01823 662260 www.kingscycles.co.uk 153 122 Somerset Kings Cycles Shop Station Road Taunton TA1 1NL 157 Somerset154 England 01823 352272 160 156 155 123 Somerset Reaction Electric 159 84 Priory Bridge Road Taunton TA1 1QA 01823 274444 www.reactionelectric.co.uk 124 South Yorkshire Barnsley Bicycle Centre 16 Doncaster Road Barnsley S70 1TH 01226 287770 125 South Yorkshire Fosters Cycles Thames Street Rotherham S60 1LU 01709 371576/820293 www.fosterscycles.co.uk 126 South Yorkshire Hudson Cycles 4 Eva Building, King Avenue Rossington DN11 0PF 01302 868889 www.hudsoncycles.co.uk 136 Atmosphere Electric Bikes (Coventry) 18 Chequer St, Bulkington Coventry CV12 9NH 02476 490339 www. electricbikes.org.uk Long established e-bike centres with a stunning range of brands, workshop, demo area at superb prices. 137 West Midlands Chris Dodd & Sons 8 Manor Court Road Nuneaton CV11 5HY 02476 385160 138 West Midlands Coventry Cycle Centre 140 Far Gosford Street Coventry CV1 5DY 024 76222997 www.coventrycyclecentre.co.uk 139 West Midlands Pedals Plus Power Halfpenny Green Vineyards Tom Lane Bobbington DY7 5EP 01384 221766 140 West Sussex Barreg Cycles Main road Fishbourne PO18 8AN 01243 786104 www.barreg.co.uk 141 West Sussex Kardinal Mobility 82-84 Broadwater Street West Worthing BN14 9DE 01903 211931 142 West Sussex Cyclelife Centre Shoreham 38-42 Kingston Broadway Shoreham by Sea BN43 6TE 01273 596368 143 West Sussex Cyclelife Centre Worthing 31 Chatsworth Road Worthing BN11 1LY 01903 823370 111 144 West Sussex Stowaway Bikes Unit 4, Premier Business Park, Main Road Birdham PO20 7BU 01243 550042 www.stowawaybikes.co.uk 21 145 West Yorkshire Don's Cycle Centre 20 15b Barnsley Road South Elmsall WF9 2QW 01977 642593 19 146 West Yorkshire The Bike Shop - Leeds 110 78-84 Crossgates Rd, Crossgates Leeds 109 LS157NL 0113 2328483 www.leedsbicycle.com 160 Renfrewshire The Bicycle Chain 3 Collier Street Johnstone PA5 8AR 01505 335551 161 Shetland Eric Brown 01595 692709 North Road Lerwick ZE1 0NT GY1 6HU 0148107781 456372 www.sarniacyclehire.co.uk 170 Jersey Lawrence De Gruchy 46 Don Street St. Helier JE2 4TR 01534 730090 firstname.lastname@example.org 171 Jersey Lawrence De Gruchy Les Vaux Store, La Routede la Monnaie Trinity JE3 5DG email@example.com Wales: 162 Ceredigion New Image Bicycles 29/30 Pendre Cardigan SA43 1LA 01239 621275 www.newimagebicycles.co.uk 163 Flintshire All About the Bike Unit 10 Pinfold Workshops Pinfold Lane Buckley CH7 3PL 01244 552000 164 Flintshire Graham Weigh Cycles 3/5 Chester Road East Shotton CH5 1QA 01244 831110 www.grahamweighcycles.co.uk 165 Powys Onbike (Presteigne) The Workhouse, The Industrial Estate Presteigne LD8 2UF 07944 63 60 80 www.onbike.co.uk Electric bike superstore with over 15 demonstration bikes. Unbiased expert advice on all the major brands. 166 Powys Heart of Wales Bikes Oxford House High Street Llandrindod Wells LD1 6HE 01597 825533 www.heartofwalesbikes.com 167 Full Charge Ahead Electric Cycles Pugh's Garden Centre, Tynant Road Cardiff South Glamorgan CF15 8LB 0845 619 8976 www.fullchargeahead.com South Wales' electric bike shop. Sales, service, repairs for most brands including Wisper and Raleigh. Ireland 172 GoEco Electric Bike Holidays Eyon Cappamore Co Limerick Ireland 00353 61 381427 www.goeco.ie Ireland's electric bike specialists with over six years' experience, trained technicians & world leading brands to facilitate the electric bike holiday experience. 154 160 156 1 155 69 172 127 Staffordshire Cyclelife Burton-on-Trent 69 Sheffield Cycles, 156 Station Street 147 Wiltshire Batchelors 105 Ltd Bikz Burton On Trent DE14 1BS 01283 532155 24 Market Place Warminster 82 46 128 Staffordshire Cyclelife Chasetown BA12 9AN 01985 213221 www.bikz.co.uk 106-108 Sanders Cycles 1 High Street Chasetown 79 Burntwood WS7 3XE 01543 686102 146 75 84 148 Wiltshire Cyclelife Salisbury 78 Hayball Cyclesport, Black Horse 76,81 77 129 Staffordshire Cyclelife Lichfield Chequer, 26-30 Winchester Street Salisbury 145 Freedom Cycles The Bus Station 124 83 53 SP1 1HG 01722 411378 www.cyclelife.com 89 80 52 126 12 102 125 16149 Wiltshire Cycleworld Wessex 13 Unit 9, Bourne Centre, Southampton Road Salisbury 164 15 28 SP127 0845 6526501 www.cycleworld.co.uk 1NY 163 18 14 29 112 17 150 Wiltshire E Motion Electric Vehicle Co. Ltd Channel Islands 168 Guernsey Adventure Cycles Grande Rue, St Martins GY4 6LH 01481 232855 www.adventurecycles.net 169 Guernsey Sarnia Cycle Hire Officemaker, Unit 1, Church Road Industrial Estate, St Sampsons 162 16 30 36 24 23 25 26 166 162 373 Cricklade Road Swindon 127 128SN2 1AQ 01793 251200 www.e-motionevc.co.uk 115,116 129 85 151 Worcestershire Onbike (Kidderminster) 103 88 130 Unit 330, Hartlebury 118 87 104 Industrial Estate Kidderminster DY10 4JB 136 117 139 01299 2586 14 www.onbike.co.uk 137 15 138 Electric bike superstore with over 20 151 132 demonstration bikes. Unbiased expert advice on 165 11 all the major brands. 66 47,50 67 131 5 161 41 167 150 113,114 9 10 68 Shetland 48 49 91 to 101 90 70 152 Angus Lawntech 133,134 71 Unit 20 Manhattan Works Dundonald 74 135 73 119 Street Dundee DD3 7PY 01382 459459 122,123 56 Birmingham Rd Lichfield WS13 6HU 01543 411633 30 148 Fife The Scottish E-Bike Centre 153 45 www.freedomcycles.co.uk 147 121 61 57 51 149 55 1-9 Plantation Street Lochgelly KY5 59,60 44 9LP 01592 780528 www.ebikescotland.com 64 141 130 Staffordshire Powastation 58,65 54,62,63 142 6 Three Spires House Station Road 33 40 140,144 143 38154 Lanarkshire Cyclelife Bikechain 43 Lichfield, WS13 6HX 01543 419419 32 1417 Dumbarton Road, Scotstoun 39 31 131 Suffolk Alford Bros Felixstowe Glasgow G14 9XS 01419581055 35 34 119-121 Hamilton Road Felixstowe www.bikechainglasgow.co.uk 36 168,169 IP11 7BL 01394 284719 155 Lanarkshire FreeFlow Bikes Ltd 37 24 23 132 Suffolk Byways Bicycles Unit 5 South Cathkin Farm Rutherglen 25 Guernsey 170,171 Priory Farm, Priory Lane Darsham 26 G73 5RG 0141 632 2733 IP17 3QD 01728 668764 156 Lanarkshire Freeflow Glasgow www.bywaysbicycles.co.uk Jersey 924 Pollockshaws Road Glasgow 133 Surrey PowaRider Electric Bikes G41 2ET 0141 632 2733 Unit G3a The Mayford Centre Mayford 157 Midlothian Electric Cycle Company Green Woking GU22 0PP 01483 801026 133-135 Granton Rd Edinburgh EH53NJ 134 Surrey Greased Lightning Cycles 0131 5534900 www.electriccyclecompany.co.uk Access, Unit F Dolphin Ind. Est. 158 Morayshire Bikebug 01667 455416 Windmill Rd Sunbury TW16 7HT Falconers Lane Nairn IV12 4DS 08444 145192 www.greasedlightningcycles.com 21 3 4 Scotland: 78 6 158 72 152 153 154 160 156 158 157 155 159 111 135 Cyclelife Cyclelife Centre Guildford 19 Woodbridge Road Guildford GU1 1DY 01483 504932 159 Peeblesshire B Spoke Cycles Old Tweed Dale Garage Innerleithen Road Peebles EH45 8BA 01721 723423 www.bspokecycles.co.uk 21 20 152 19 e-bikes e-bikes with style. TOURER A bike designed for long range touring, choose between the simplicity of the Nexus 8-speed internal hub or the lightness and speed of the Shimano Deore 9speed Derailleur gearing. With its 36v x 10Ah long range battery and easy riding stance it will comfortably and speedily eat up the miles. � Aluminium 6061-T6 frame � Solid front forks � Shimano Deore 9-speed Derailleur or Shimano Nexus 8-speed hub � 700c dual wall rims � Reflective Kenda tyres � Velo Plus saddle � Deore-'V' brake front & rear, Nexus-'V' front, roller rear � 36v x 10Ah LiFePO4 battery � 3-position PAS, LCD display � Spanninga LED integral lights � Art Certificate anti-theft lock � Weight 21.30kgs � Ideal rider height 165-190cm �925 �845 Deore-9 Nexus-8 SPARE BATTERY �208.80 SPARE BATTERY �237.60 One of our best value cycles, the styling looks so right from all angles. Strong purposeful frame and powerful front forks combined with 21speed Shimano gearing. The mountain climbing ability of this cycle was confirmed when French racer, Bertrand Maucout won the steep climb up the Alpe d'Huez known as `Mont�e �lectrique' using this bicycle, the climb of 1860 metres altitude, stage lengths 16km, 21 climbing slopes of average incline 7.9% is a real test for the bike. Maucout broke the world record for the climb and finished 91 seconds in front of second placed finisher at an average speed of 27kph. � Aluminium 7005-T6 frame � Zoom dual crownforks � Shimano 21-speed derailleur � 26" x 1.5 dual wall rims � Reflective Kenda tyres � `V' brake front & rear � 36v x 9Ah LiFePO4 battery � 3-position PAS, LED display � LED integral lights � Available in silver or satin black � Weight 23.90kgs � Ideal rider height 165-190cm �695 SPORT Available in black or silver KING Our top of the range mountain bike. Absolute top specification with 6061-T6 ally frame, Shimano Alivio 24-speed gearing, Tektro hydraulic disc brakes and RST front forks. A bike for a true e-bike enthusiast, you and the powerful motor combined will really power up hills. Everybody who rode this bike described its hill climbing abilities as awesome and the downhill as exciting. A true King among electric bikes. � Aluminium 6061-T6 � 36v x 10Ah LiFePO4 battery � RST forks � 3-position PAS, LCD display � Shimano Alivio 24-speed Derailleur � LED lights � 26" x 1.75 dual wall rims � Available in white � Reflective Kenda tyres � Weight 23.20kgs � Velo Streamline saddle � Ideal rider height 160-185cm � Tektro hydraulic disc brakes, front & rear �945 SPARE BATTERY �208.80 SPARE BATTERY �277.92 The optional carbon frame and special Panasonic battery reduces overall weight to 19.65kgs. The clever controller will optimise battery power plus rider power to efficiently climb hills. Top specification including Rock Shox front forks, hydraulic disc brakes and Shimano Alivio 24-speed gearing. Our current flagship bike. � Carbon fibre frame � LED lights � RockShox forks with lockout � Weight 19.65kgs � Shimano Alivio 24-speed Derailleur � Ideal rider height: � 26" x 1.75 dual wall rims 48cm frame 150-175cm � Reflective Kenda tyres 51cm frame 160-190cm � Velo Streamline saddle � Tektro hydraulic disc brakes, front & rear � 36v x 10Ah Panasonic battery � 5-position PAS, LCD display �1395 KING CARBON All prices include 20% VAT Kudos CYCLES Unit 4, St. Augustine's Business Park, Estuary Way, Swalecliffe, Kent CT5 2QJ, UK Tel. 0044 (0) 1227 792792 Fax. 0044 (0) 1227 794888 www.kudoscycles.com Subscribe to Electric Bike magazine Issue 2 www.electricbikemag.co.uk If you'd like future copies of Electric Bike delivered to your door, why not subscribe? It costs just �10 (including UK postage) for a year (four issues). Back issues are also available while stocks last. TO ORDER: Reviews: four e-bikes Basics: reality check Report: Eurobike Introducing Velo Vision � Electric Bike's sister publication The eclectic cycling magazine ISSUE 41 JUNE 2011 �6 11/03/2011 11:46 ON TEST: Wisper 906 Alpino Gazelle Orange Pure Innergy lJuicy Bike Sport 2011 Kalkhoff Pro Connect Disc 01 Cover2.indd 1 Call us on 01904 692800 with card details Order securely online: www.electricbikemag.co.uk Send a cheque (to `Velo Vision Ltd') to Velo Vision, Freepost RSBT-TLTE-RBHU, YORK YO30 4AG with your name and address. Please specify with which issue you'd like the subscription to start. Readers beyond the UK should order via the website. We can send Electric Bike to anywhere in the world! The publishers behind Electric Bike have for the last ten years published Velo Vision, a premium subscription cycling magazine covering bikes for transport and touring, with a particular emphasis on innovative and specialist designs. It's an international forum for transport cycling culture and bicycle design. You can read much more (and there's even a free sample issue to download) on the Velo Vision website: www.velovision.com VISITS: BURROWS, ICE REPORT: SPEZI 2011 01 Cover3.indd 3 REVIEWS: ROTOVELO VELOMOBILE DAHON IOS XL FOLDER JANGO FLIK FOLDER PAPER BICYCLE 12/06/2011 10:22 Want to try a sample copy? Simply add �1 to any subscription order and we'll include a recent Velo Vision issue. Or send �3 for a sample copy by itself. Award Winning Gazelle E-Bikes and Classic Dutch Bikes Falcoe e-motors ONE MOTOR FOR THE WHOLE WORLD WORLDWIDE RELEASE - 3.5kg, 250W to 1000W, 55Nm motor. Revolutionary Multi-Phase, Multi-Pole, Brushless, Gearless Motor Technology. Gazelle Orange Pure Innergy Available from: Cycle Heaven of York www.cycle-heaven.co.uk Phone us now for a test ride on: 01904 636578/651870 Also: Brompton, Birdy, Dahon, Airnimal, etc. High Efficiency High Torque Light Weight � �� Zero Cogging High Power �� MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE European Distribution: Telephone: +44 (0)1329 832068 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.teamhybridebikes.com Unit F3, Knowle Village Business Park Mayles Lane, Knowle Hampshire PO17 5DY Cycle Heaven Ltd 2 BISHOPTHORPE ROAD YORK YO23 1JJ ElEctric BicyclEs Taking you furTher, fasTer Tackle the steepest hills with ease. Spencer Ivy electric bikes use the reliable and efficient Panasonic motor and battery system that has 3 levels of assistance and is capable of 50 miles of assisted riding pleasure. Made in Germany, the motor and battery comes with a 2 year warranty. Continental "Offering almost everything the casual commuter could possibly want... one of the best we have come across to date." The Bicycle Buyer magazine " The bike rides beautifully, the battery life was plenty and it's a stunning design that's guaranteed to turn heads." London Cyclist www.InfineumBike.co.uk Salisbury Windsor 5% discount n on bikes whe you mention this advert Lithium Polymer Battery www. .co.uk Premium Electric Bicycles 01279 821243 email: info@PowaCycle.co.uk Akhter House Perry Road Harlow Essex CM18 7PN JN-1515 14.4.2011 prices subject to change without notice. E&OE To book a test ride go to www.spencerivy.com or call us 020 3021 3388 connect with us: + E-BIKE BASICS Electric Bikes � the low down Richard Peace, co-author of the recently-published book Electric Bicycles � The Complete Guide, gives us his beginner-friendly overview of today's electric bikes. 38 Electric Bike Issue 3 IE-BIKE BASICSI What are electric bikes? Electric bikes allow you to add power from a small electric motor to your pedalling effort; they are not mini electric motorcycles as they almost all still require pedalling. They do make pedalling easier, especially up hills, into headwinds and with heavy loads. Subject to a power assist speed limit of 15 mph or 25 km/h (though you can use pedal power alone above this limit) and a motor rating of 250W, they are treated exactly the same in UK law as non-electric bikes � no need for any red tape whatsoever. How long have electric bikes been around? You might think of electric bikes as a phenomenon of the last few years, but the 19th century saw an electric machine produced by Humber, a tandem used as a `pacer' (to literally set the pace) for the Bol d'Or 24-hour track race in 1899 in Paris. The 1920s and '30s saw a number of designs intended for public use, one example being the EMI/Philips system. Petrol power overshadowed electric bikes in the post-war years, but the oil crises of the '70s saw an increasing number of designs come and go (including the well-known Sinclair C5). The '80s and '90s saw steady technological progress, meaning a reduction in weight of electric bikes and extending battery range. As we move into the 2010s, electric bikes' popularity has built to the extent that they now account for a significant proportion of bike sales � up to around one in four in the Netherlands, perhaps the country leading the European field in electric bike take-up, with Germany close behind. P h o t o : D a u m El e c t ro ni c What designs are there? There are two main designs, based on how motor power is applied: Pedelecs: here the power is activated by your pedalling motion, so as you pedal you feel the motor magically helping push you forwards, measuring your effort and adding to it. They tend to be the most efficient systems and to give good smooth assistance over a wide speed range. E-bikes: these usually use a throttle to control the motor power level, but you will have to spin the pedals round (though not necessarily put any effort in) to activate the power. Bikes can also be classed according to whether they have a crank motor (usually located near the pedals and driving through the chain) or a hub motor, located in the wheel hub (front or rear). Crank motors are usually more reliable but more expensive and may not be as good at speedy hill climbing as some hub motors (although crank drives are, paradoxically, often best for very steep hills). BELOW: An EBCO Eagle tackling the 50-mile ride in the Welsh hills which formed part of this year's Tour de Presteigne event. Aren't they expensive? Models start at a few hundred pounds, but �1000 seems to be the starting point for good quality bikes from well-known firms. Electric bikes are eligible for the government `Cycle to Work' tax subsidy in the same way that non-electric bikes are: this allows taxpaying employees to save on bike purchases by paying for them via their employer through salary reduction. P h o t o : W i s p e r B ike s What batteries are used and what mileage do they achieve? Most electric bikes use lithium batteries of one description or another, which currently tend to have a life expectancy of around two years before capacity drops below about 80% of the `new' value � though tests suggest longevity is improving beyond this in the newest batteries. Some companies still use nickelmetal hydride battery packs, which last longer but have a lower capacity for the same weight, and a few still even use relatively very heavy and low capacity (but markedly cheaper) lead-acid batteries. Current average range for an electric bike is around 20-25 miles, but large capacity batteries mean some designs can reach 40 miles+. Issue 3 Electric Bike 39 + E-BIKE BASICS Range figures are of course highly dependent on rider weight, terrain, wind and other contingencies. Beware of exaggerated mileage claims on very many electric bikes! Also make sure you check out the price of replacement batteries which are often the most expensive long term cost (�300 and up) � try and get a battery guarantee of two years minimum. How light are the bikes and how light might they become? Bikes of 20 to 25 kg are commonplace and the lightest models are sub15 kg (for example, from UK make Cytronex). The UK-designed GoCycle comes in at under 17 kg. Some bikes obviously choose to trade off a little extra weight against using higher capacity batteries. The trend towards lighter motors and higher power density batteries (more capacity for the same weight) P h o t o : W i s p e r B ike s Buying Tips Factors to consider: How hilly is the terrain � if it's very hilly a crank drive could be a good option (it drives through all gears, even the lowest), or if you go for a hub motor, make sure it is geared for steep hills or is a `high torque' model. Dealers will advise. How much range do you need? The higher and more consistent speeds of electric bikes mean up to a 15 mile commute (taking about an hour) is now within the range of even the less fit rider. Just about all current batteries will easily do this unless it's particularly hilly, and a top-up at work should mean a full battery for the return journey. For touring or serious hills you might want to look at models with the largest batteries out there � currently a capacity around 500 Watt hours (Wh) is at the top end of the range. Go for the longest guarantee period you can � especially on the batteries. With replacement lithium batteries well into the hundreds of pounds, a two year battery guarantee is the minimum you should look for. There are several extended warranties available � for example from Koga and 50 Cycles (Kalkhoff), but the longest currently is a ten year warranty from the Electric Transport Shop, although this ties you into a twice-yearly service to keep the warranty valid. As you might expect, price tends to correlate to quality. �1000 seems to be the starting point for decent quality bikes from European and Japanese firms. Whilst there are some decent machines at the cheaper end of the market (which tends to be dominated by Chinese makes, rebranded for the UK), you're also more likely to find some less reliable bikes. Well-known brand names are perhaps the most likely to hold spares for their electric bikes on a long term basis, though a number of other more specialist but well-established UK companies should also be safe bets. Folding electric bikes are just starting to become feasible, although the majority are heavy and inconvenient to fold. However, there are some good options. A kit conversion of the Brompton from the Electric Wheel Company is probably currently the best bet. Kits can be fitted to convert existing bikes to electric, usually by replacing the front wheel with a new motorised one. The results can be good, although it's often hard to integrate the electrics as neatly and reliably as on a purpose-made bike. Most of the above considerations apply equally to kits. Only consider fitting one yourself if you're technically competent and confident. For off-road use or regular heavy load carrying, Heinzmann make one of the toughest add-on motor kits around, if somewhat noisy by today's standards. Electric Mountain Bikes are one of the few companies offering services in this specialised area of kit fitting. should continue to see weight creep down, although huge reductions aren't likely in the short term. Apart from racing models, even `normal' unassisted bikes tend to weigh over 15 kg once you've added accessories such as mudguards, carrier rack etc., so there isn't huge scope for further savings. Read more Electric Bicycles � The Complete Guide by Richard Peace and David Henshaw is available online from www.electricbicyclesbook.com or phone 01305 259998, and also via the book trade. It's 256 pages, around A5, full colour, and costs �12.95. ISBN 978-1901464-24-5 40 Electric Bike Issue 3 �1599 inc. VAT For details of the full range and where to buy go to: www.ebco-ebikes.co.uk + E-BIKE BASICS Decisions, decisions... If you're in the market for an electric bike you're faced with a bewildering set of choices. We'll tackle more in future issues, but for now we'll start with two fundamental decisions: motor position and gearing. Crank drive vs hub motor What's the best place to put the motor in an electric bike? There are two main options: either the motor goes into one of the wheels (hub motor), or it sits in the middle of the bike between the pedals (crank drive), driving the wheels through the chain and any gearing system which the bike may have. The vast majority of electric bikes use hub motors, and the main reason is simplicity. You simply replace one of the wheels with an electric one, and everything else including the frame can be standard cycle parts, with a few tweaks perhaps to accommodate controller and battery pack. In contrast, a crank drive almost invariably requires a specially-made frame, and these systems tend to be pricey partly for that reason. So why even consider crank drive? The answer is to do with how electric motors work. Generally, a motor is at its most efficient over a limited range of speeds, and outside that range it'll either lose power (so it won't pull you along so well) or efficiency (so more of the energy from the battery goes to heating up the motor windings, instead of into rotation). Or both! An electric bike can be travelling under power at any speed between zero and 25 km/h. That means that a typical hub motor has to provide power from zero to around 200 rpm. That's a huge range for the motor designer to optimise over, although as you'll have read in the reviews, many ABOVE: Crank motors, like this one on a Daum bike, tend to be at the pricier end of the market. But they're efficient, usually reliable and if you can put in modest effort, great on even the steepest of hills. hub motors do make a very good job of it thanks to modern control electronics. But it's a real challenge to make a motor efficient both when pulling you up a steep hill at walking pace (say 5 rpm) and bowling along at 25 km/h (200 rpm). In contrast, a crank motor drives the bike via the gearing on the bike, which is designed so that you can 42 Electric Bike Issue 3 E-BIKE BASICSI LEFT: The line-up of bikes which we reviewed in Issue 1 offers examples of crank drives from Panasonic and Yamaha, plus hub motors in both front and rear wheels. keep pedalling at a comfortable pace (typically 50-70 rpm) while the bike speed varies. Just as your legs work most efficiently over that relatively limited speed range, so does the crank drive motor. For that hypothetical walking-pace hill, you'll be in a low gear and the crank drive motor can be assisting your pedalling over the same, limited 50-70 rpm range for which it will have been optimised. An automobile analogy is rather apt. Using a hub motor is equivalent to driving everywhere in third gear: the motor is straining as you set off, and screaming when you get up to speed. With crank drive, you can use the gearbox to keep the engine at a comfortable rev-count while the speed of the vehicle varies. ABOVE: The Panasonic system has the battery mount built into the crank drive unit. A range of battery capacities are available from many different vendors; the Kalkhoff bike seen here (from 50Cycles) uses one of the largest, with a capacity of 468 Watt hours (18Ah, 26V). But that points up another advantage of the hub system: its ease of use, especially if you're not keen on frequent gear shifting. With crank drive you really need to be changing gears as the terrain alters to take best advantage of the system. With a hub motor, it doesn't really matter: it'll provide assist whichever gear you're in. Then again, crank drive can claim an advantage in another area: packaging. With motor, any sensors and often also the battery pack all in a single, mostly sealed unit, the amount of wiring on the bike is much reduced, generally good for reliability. Crank drives have a reputation for efficiency, too. Because it stays in its most efficient speed range, the crank motor should offer a better range for a given battery capacity than a hub drive. Against this, a crank drive puts more strain on the bike's transmission, which will wear out faster. There are only a handful of crank drive systems (Panasonic, Yamaha, Bosch and Daum are the main ones) currently available, all at the pricier end of the market. All use `torque sensing': they measure your effort and add to it from the very first push on the pedals as you set off. I hear that cheaper systems with throttletype controls are in the offing too, though � watch this space. In contrast, there are a multitude of well proven hub motors at all price points. Some of the more expensive also use torque sensing controls, others use a throttle (or power level settings), generally combined with a pedal rotation sensor, to let you add power whenever you're pedalling. So which is best for you? I think the answer is only really clear-cut if you regularly tackle really steep hills, know how to use your gears and just want some help pedalling: here a crank drive is hard to beat. It's also the system of choice if you really want to eke out the maximum range from a battery. But otherwise, hub motors can do a perfectly good job, and often for less money. If you want torque sensing you can have it, or stick to simpler controls. A hub motor is probably the more obvious choice if you prefer being pulled along to pedalling. So as ever, the answer is `it depends'. If you possibly can, do try both layouts for yourself before you buy! Issue 3 Electric Bike 43 + E-BIKE BASICS Hub gear strengths Low maintenance. Hub gears can go for literally years before requiring attention. All the delicate internals are sealed away inside, either in an oil bath or `sealed for life' in grease. No real need to clean the chain. Of course a clean chain is good, and will be smoother and last longer, but unlike a derailleur system, a hub gear will work just as well however caked in gunk your chain may be. An even better solution is to fit a full enclosing chaincase, which keeps dirt off the chain and grease off your trousers. This isn't possible for derailleur gears. The wide chains used on hub gear systems last much longer than the narrow, more delicate ones used on derailleur systems. They're usually cheaper, too. You can shift at any time � either at a standstill or while pedalling. Hub gears are much less easily damaged by unskilled riders than derailleur gears. Hub gears vs derailleurs Cycle gearing is a bit of a Marmite subject: endlessly fascinating for some, and a complete turn-off for others. So I'll try to keep this brief! But it's a subject worth considering, as it'll affect both how your bike rides and how well it performs longer-term. One spark for these musings was the chance to ride two Kudos bikes, identical apart from the choice of gearing. I've also ridden many, many of both types over several decades, admittedly mostly on non-electric bikes. The two types you'll see on electric bikes are: Hub gears. Here there is just a single toothed gear at both pedals and rear hub, linked by the chain, and all of the gear-shifting mechanism is enclosed within a fat rear hub. Derailleur gears. For this type, there are multiple cogs on the back wheel and often several at the pedals. The chain which runs between the two is guided by shifting mechanisms onto different cogs to select the various gears. The mechanisms are called `derailleurs', a French word roughly meaning `de-railers' (think trains). All they do is to shove the chain sideways off of one sprocket so that (if all goes well) it falls neatly onto the next. The inventor is said to have remarked "C'est brutal, mais ca marche" (It's brutal, but it works). Nowadays, after around a century of development, shifting is usually far from brutal, thankfully. Traditionally, racing and touring bikes use derailleur gears, while bikes used for everyday transport favour hub gears, especially on mainland Europe. So where do electric bikes fit in? I'll nail my colours to the mast and say that for most riders, hub gears are the way to go. As you'll see from the list of pros and cons (right), derailleur gearing usually offers a wider range of gears, can be lighter, and can be marginally more efficient, but electric bikes make all of those factors more or less irrelevant. Who cares about a few grams weight difference when you're carrying a massive battery? Who needs super-low gears when the motor helps you up the hills? And who cares about miniscule extra drag when it's vastly outweighed by motor power? Hub gears provide enough gear range for the majority of electric bike users in a far simpler, more robust package than derailleurs. It's much easier to enclose the chain, and there are no fiddly mechanisms to get caught. Clumsy use can damage derailleurs: especially shifting at a standstill then rolling the bike backwards. Not so hub gears. Hub gears also offer the huge benefit of being able to shift gears at a standstill: ideal if you've been cruising under power and stop in top gear. Changing down while you wait for the lights to change means you can set off in a comfortably low gear, especially good if your electric assist is slow to kick in. Derailleurs should always be shifted only while pedalling. That said, derailleurs are popular for a reason, especially among the more sporty type of cyclist. They offer a lively feel to the ride which hub gears can't match, and the `snick' as the chain drops into the next gear is very satsifying. Derailleurs can also do sterling service providing gearing at price-points where hub gears are out of reach, or where hubs just don't have the range. In serious hills, for riders who want to pedal well above the 25 km/h limit, or for people who like to fix things themselves, derailleurs still have much to offer. So did riding the two Kudos machines change my mind? Jumping from one to the other, the main difference was in the handling, which I put down to the derailleur bike having the motor in the rear wheel. The steering was perhaps a bit lighter under power with the rear motor, but really it isn't a major issue. Remembering to shift down before stopping was more of a concern, though you get used to it quickly. Both were actually fine as far as riding went, but I'm a mechanically inclined and experienced rider. For non-enthusiasts I'd suggest hub gears every time: they're just more abuse-proof. Indeed, it's longer-term that I'd expect the lowmaintenance aspects of the hub gear to shine through, and to justify the price difference (�80, in this case). The choice is yours. Hub gear weaknesses Weight: most hub gear systems weigh more than a derailleur set-up of comparable range. Efficiency: hub gears are very slightly less efficient than a clean derailleur drive. But the difference narrows as the derailleur chain gets dirty, and most riders will never notice a difference � especially if you add electric assist. Emergency repair: if a hub gear does break when you're on the road there's not usually much you can do, whereas derailleur gears can often be temporarily fixed. Cost: there are a lot of highlystressed, precision-formed gears and other parts in a hub gear, and this can only be made so cheaply. Spares and repair. UK bike shops have for many years struggled to competently repair hub gear bikes, and to get the spares. That's improved in recent years, especially for the common Shimano Nexus hubs. Motor placement. Having hub gears in the back wheel generally means that a hub drive motor has to go in the front, whereas with derailleur gearing there are many motors designed to fit into the rear hub too. Some people prefer the handling of rear motors, but there's not much in it, in my view. Peter Eland 44 Electric Bike Issue 3 CALLING ALL ONLINE MERCHANTS AND DEALERS Are you looking to simplify your SEO efforts, improve the effectiveness of your PPC ad campaigns, and build your credibility and market presence? We have the following high quality, memorable domain names for sale, on a first-come, first-served basis. Give your customers something truly easy to remember so that they will find you again, and stand out from the competition! 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