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Mail Bid & Internet Auction

April 30, 2011

Autographs ♦ Coins ♦ Currency ♦ Americana

Lot 157: c. 1840 Superb Ornate Hand-Painted Silk Masonic Apron with Fringe

Early American History Auctions, Inc.

Ramblings Knowledgeable Collectors Stand To Make Great Near Term Gains Collectors who have been selectively buying items based on rarity, content and market value will find that America’s new goal of inducing inflation will work to their significant advantage. I was truly awestruck on Friday, October 15th, when the chairman of the United States Federal Reserve, Mr. Ben Bernanke stated his case that the inflation rate in the United States was “TOO LOW.” He continued that in recent years the historic rate for inflation would be in the 2% range and we have more recently been running at about half of that level. Therefore, this was a clear sign to Mr. Bernanke and the Federal Reserve that the creation of more “Fiat” Paper Money and pushing up inflation to at least double its current level, seemed to be the correct course of action AT THIS TIME. In essence, there would be more paper money pumped into circulation, which in theory should cause an uptick in consumer demand and ultimately to higher employment, better housing prices, more stability in the economy… all sorts of good things for America. Collecting Colonial & Continental Currency tells the long term history of American Paper Money. Early American History Auctions clients will certainly recall any number of previous “Ramblings” where I have discussed the history of Fiat paper money. In fact, comparisons to the price of Gold and its impact on other hard assets, including Collectables has been a recurring theme. Right now, even as I was completing the cataloging of this very sale, Bernanke has stated that inflation was too low and he and the Federal Reserve want to stimulate it. Inflation, as an official Federal Reserve policy, is happening as you read these words. All this is nothing new as historically it has been happening in America since paper money was first issued in 1690. “Collectables” historically prove to be an excellent store of value, purchased with an educated eye towards rarity, availability and what appears to be popular or undervalued in today’s market. Did you know that Early American History Auctions has created and greatly expanded our ONLINE HISTORY STORE? Each week or so, we have been adding new items and emailing “update” notices. At this time, there are about 2,000 collector items for immediate sale, first come, first served. Please “Bookmark” our website and sign up for our email update service at: www.EarlyAmerican.com.

Dana Linett, President

Bid by Mail

Bid by Phone

Bid by Fax

Early American History Auctions, Inc.

(858) 759-3290

(858) 759-1439

Phone Bids Accepted daily 9:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M. Pacific Time up through

Fax Bids are accepted 24 hours each day up through Closing at 5:00 P.M. (PST)

P.O. Box 3507 Rancho Santa Fe, CA 92067 Mail Bids must be received by

Saturday, December 11, 2010

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Saturday, December 11, 2010

Saturday, December 11, 2010

Closing Live on EarlyAmerican.com & ArtFact.com • Sunday, December 12th • Starting at 9:00 AM Pacific Time * Phone & Fax Bidders: Please Mail in your Signed & Dated Original Bid Form, Marked “Phoned” or “Faxed” with the date transmitted, at top.

Visit Our Website for Full Color Images: Catalog Price $30

www.EarlyAmerican.com

Auction Lot Viewing is Available via Express Mail / Federal Express Please Phone for Items of Interest !

EarlyAmericanHistoryAuctions,Inc.

P.O. B ox 3507 • Rancho Santa Fe, CA 92067 • (858) 759-3290

or

Fax (858) 759-1439

EarlyAmericanHistoryAuctions,Inc.

P.O. Box 3507 • Rancho Santa Fe, CA 92067 • (858) 759-3290 • Fax (858) 759-1439

April 30, 2011 Internet & Mail Bid Auction •

NAME:__________________________________________________________

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COMPANY:_ ____________________________________________________

Bus. Phone:____________________________

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FAX:__________________________________

CITY:________________________________STATE:_______ZIP:__________

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Dealer or Auction House References NAME:____________________________________________

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Please execute the following bids at the April 30, 2011 • Internet & Mail Bid Auction. The prices given for each lot are my limit unless an increase is specified below. I understand that you will buy below these limits, as possible, as per the Terms of Sale. I also understand that there is a 18% Buyer’s Fee, (2% discount for payment by check), plus shipping, that will be added to the total amount of my successful bids.

If necessary, please increase my bids by:  10%

 20%

 33.3%

( Any bids placed below any “low estimate” will automatically be raised to reflect this increase. )

 Special Instructions ___________________________________ * Notice: Bids below 60% of the “Low Estimate” will typically not be accepted. Lot #

Bid

Office Use

Lot #

Bid

Office Use

Lot #

Bid

Office Use

I have read the April 30, 2011 • Internet & Mail Bid Auction Catalog terms of sale and agree to them. I understand that an 18% Purchaser’s Premium will be added to the price of each lot in the invoice. A two percent (2%) Purchaser’s Premium Discount will be granted on purchases paid by cash, check or money order. I understand that full payment is due upon receipt of the sale invoice. I understand that I am responsible for the total amount if I win all my bids.

SIGNATURE (Bid Form must be signed): _____________________________________ DATE:______________ Page 

Lot #

Bid

Office Use

Lot #

Bid

Office Use

Lot #

Bid

Office Use

I have read the April 30, 2011 • Internet & Mail Bid Auction Catalog terms of sale and agree to them. I understand that an 18% Purchaser’s Premium will be added to the price of each lot in the invoice. A two percent (2%) Purchaser’s Premium Discount will be granted on purchases paid by cash, check or money order. I understand that full payment is due upon receipt of the sale invoice. I understand that I am responsible for the total amount if I win all my bids.

SIGNATURE (Bid Form must be signed): _____________________________________ DATE:______________ Page 

Table of Contents

Mail & Internet Auction • Absentee Bids Closing: Saturday • April 30, 2011 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Autographs.................................................................................................................... 1-48 Colonial America ........................................................................................................49-58 American Revolution...................................................................................................59-75 Washington Related.....................................................................................................76-81 Post Revolutionary War to Civil War . ......................................................................82-91 Mexican-American War.............................................................................................92-101 Civil War..................................................................................................................102-113 Lincoln Related........................................................................................................114-119 Black History & Slavery..........................................................................................120-126 Decorative Arts: Paintings, Prints, Glass & Textiles...............................................127-137 Posters, Political, Silk Ribbons & Historic Flags....................................................138-154 Americana & Western Americana...........................................................................155-164 Continental & Colonial Currency, Lottery Tickets & Fiscal Paper................. 165-229 Encased Postage Stamps & Stamps..................................................................... 230-243 Fractional Currency, Obsolete Currency & Miscellaneous Currency.............. 244-261 Colonial & Washington Coinage........................................................................ 262-278 Medals & Indian Peace Medals and Tokens........................................................ 279-335 Ancient & World Coinage.................................................................................. 336-346 Miscellaneous Coinage & Related....................................................................... 347-349

Visit our Amazing Internet Site with Each Photograph Enlarged and in Full Color !

www.EarlyAmerican.com

E arly A merican History A uctions , I nc . Dana Linett, President • Barbara Linett, Accounting John Ingle, Production Manager • Robert Hirsch, Photography • Mark Zunker, Inventory Manager

P.O. Box 3507 • Rancho Santa Fe, CA 92067 • (858) 759-3290 • Fax (858) 759-1439 Page 

Early American History Auctions • Terms & Conditions of Sale BY PARTICIPATING IN THE AUCTION EACH BIDDER ACKNOWLEDGES THAT THE BIDDER HAS READ AND UNDERSTANDS AND AGREES TO THESE TERMS & CONDITIONS OF SALE. (PLEASE REFER TO SECTION 12 “DEFINITIONS”)

1. General Terms. All Bidder(s) at the Auction acknowledge and agree that the following General Terms shall apply at all times to the conduct of the Auction: a.

b. c.

d. e.

f.

g. h. i. j. k.

l.

m. n.

The Auction is by public mail/phone/email/internet/and/or fax. Absentee Bid Closing Date: April 30, 2011 at 5:00 p.m. PST. Absentee Bids will be executed over EarlyAmerican.com and ArtFact.comTM on Sunday, May 1, 2011, beginning at 9:00 a.m. PST. The Auction is conducted in accordance with the regulations of the State of California and the City of San Diego. Any Bid in the Auction automatically constitutes acceptance by the Bidder, and is deemed to incorporate by reference these General Terms and Conditions. A Purchaser’s Premium of eighteen percent (18%) on each individual Lot will be automatically added to all purchase(s) made by successful Bidder(s); (or twenty-one percent (21%) of the “Hammer Price” if a given Bid is placed through “ArtFact. com”) it being understood that EAHA may waive such fee for reacquisition(s) by Consignor(s). The Consignor(s) may Bid and purchase Lot(s) in the Auction and Consignor(s) that Bid(s) on his/hers/its own Lot(s) in the Auction may pay a different fee than the Purchaser’s Premium charged to all other(s). If the Consignor shall re-purchase a Lot that is either returned to the Consignor or otherwise dealt with or disposed of in accordance with the Consignor’s direction, EAHA reserves the right to make appropriate adjustments. EAHA reserves the right to include in the Auction its own Merchandise and have direct or indirect interests in any of the Lot(s) offered for sale in the Auction. EAHA may bid for its own account on any given Lot(s) at the Auction. EAHA may have information about any given Lot(s) that may not be publicly available, and reserves the right to use such information without making disclosure in the Catalog. All Lot(s) may, at EAHA’s sole discretion, carry a Reserve. All Lot(s) will be sold to the highest Bidder as determined by the Auctioneer. If any dispute arises of and concerning a given Bid at the Auction, the Auctioneer’s decision shall be considered absolute and final. No “Unlimited” or “Buy” Bid(s) will be accepted by the Auctioneer at the Auction. Any announcements made on the day of the Auction shall take precedence over any terms that may be contained in the Catalog and/or other announcements and/or documentation. The Auctioneer reserves the right, without recourse from any Bidder or Consignor, to postpone or delay the Auction, for a reasonable period of time, due to any significant event which, in the sole judgement of the Auctioneer, makes it inadvisable to hold the Auction as scheduled.

2. The Bidding Process. All Bidder(s) in the Auction acknowledge and agree, as a condition to the acceptance of a Bid by the Auctioneer, that: a.

The Auctioneer may open or accept a Bid on any Lot by placing a Bid on behalf of the Consignor. The Auction Date printed on the Catalog cover is the last day that bids are accepted through any means, EXCEPT for those bidding through ArtFact.com who are permitted to continue bidding until each Lot is closed on the day following. c. The Auctioneer, at his sole and exclusive discretion, may accept or decline a given Bid, and/or challenge any Bid or any increment thereof. d. Bids below the Low Estimate, which includes any requested increase(s), will not be reduced. e. Bids below sixty percent (60%) of Low Estimate are considered frivolous and will not be accepted. f. In the event of a tie, the Lot will be awarded to the bid with the earliest postmark. g. All Bid(s) must be for an entire Lot; it being understood that each Lot constitutes a separate sale. h. No Lot will be broken up unless otherwise permitted by the Auctioneer, and Lot(s) will be sold in their numbered sequence unless the Auctioneer directs otherwise. i. All Merchandise shall be sold in separate Lot(s) to the highest Bidder as determined by the Auctioneer in his sole and exclusive discretion. j. If a Lot is awarded to the wrong Bidder due to an administrative error, the highest Bidder will prevail. All Bidders agree to post-Auction corrections without protest or negative feedback. k. The Auctioneer shall have the right, at his sole and exclusive discretion, to adjudicate all bidding disputes and shall have the right, to rescind the acceptance of any Bid and/or place a given Lot(s) for re-Auction. l. The Auctioneer’s decision on all Bid disputes shall be deemed to be binding and final. m. If there should be any Material Error in descriptions contained in the Catalog creating a Significant difference from the value paid, a given Lot may be returned by a successful Bidder for Review, but only if prompt written notice is first received by EAHA not later than seventy-two (72) hours of receipt of the Lot(s) by the Bidder; it being understood that any such Lot(s) must be received by EAHA no later than fourteen (14) calendar days after the Auction Date and be in the same condition, in their original, sealed Holders, as when the Lot(s) were first delivered to the Bidder; it being further understood that late remittance(s) constitute just cause by EAHA to revoke any return privilege(s) otherwise available. n. Any Lot returned for Review will be at the sole expense of the Buyer, as well as the return expense should the claim be rejected. o. EAHA shall not be responsible for any errors in the bidding process, and the Bidder assumes full responsibility to ensure the Bid on a given Lot is correct. Bidders using eBay acknowledge that due to the bidding process and speed of auctioneer it is possible to be awarded a lot in error. Instances of “awarding” a lot due to missing a bid or some other error may cause an eBay bidder to have their winning bid rescinded by the auctioneer. In such instance, the eBay bidder will be notified of the error and agrees that no further protest, or negative feedback will result on their behalf. p. The Auctioneer shall timely announce the Hammer Price for each Lot sold at the Auction. q. EAHA reserves the right to withdraw any Lot(s) prior to the Hammer Price being accepted by the Auctioneer. r. N o B i d d e r s h a l l h a v e a r i g h t t o c l a i m a n y s p e c i a l or consequential damages from EAH A for any reason whatsoever.

3. Bidder Registration Required. All Bidder(s) in the Auction acknowledge and agree, as a condition to the acceptance of a Bid by the Auctioneer, that: a.

b.

4. Prices, Payment and Delivery. All Bidder(s) in the Auction acknowledge and agree, as a condition to the acceptance of a Bid by the Auctioneer, that: a.

b.

Page 

It/he/she duly registered to Bid at the Auction having fully completed and transmitted to EAHA the necessary Auction Bid form(s). The invoice describing a given Lot by number shall include the Merchandise described in the Catalog by the Cataloguer.

All payment(s) for Merchandise shall be made by check, money order, cashier’s check, bank wire, credit card or in cash (U.S. currency only); Bidder(s) who have not established credit with EAHA must first furnish satisfactory credit references to EAHA and/or deposit at least twenty-five percent (25%) of their total Bid(s) for that Auction, or such other amount(s) as EAHA may, in its sole and absolute discretion, require before such Bid(s) will be accepted; it being understood that deposit(s) submitted will be applied to purchases and any remaining deposit(s) will be refunded upon clearance of funds. b. A two percent (2%) Purchaser’s Premium Discount will be granted on purchases paid by cash, check or money order. c. California Sales Tax of 8.25% will be added to California residents; San Diego County residents add 8.75%. d. Payment shall be due immediately upon receipt of notification and payment is deemed delinquent, and in default if not made in good funds in full within fourteen (14) days of the Auction Date. e. On cash transaction(s) exceeding Ten Thousand Dollars ($10,000), a Treasury Form 8300 must be filed. f. Lot(s) will not be shipped before all funds are fully received by EAHA. g. EAHA reserves the right to extend credit and impose periodic charges on any accounts past due. h. The Bidder agrees to report to EAHA any damage or breakage that occurs to Merchandise in the original Holder and packaging during shipment within 3 days of receipt of package. The original packaging MUST be saved, complete and intact, as required by the insuring company. Failure to meet either of these requirements will release EAHA of any further liability or payment for such damages. i. Successful Bidder(s) agree to pay reasonable attorney’s fees and costs incurred by EAHA to collect on any past due account(s). j. Bid(s) will not be accepted from any individual(s) under the age of eighteen (18) years old without a parent or guardian’s written consent and express acceptance of these General Terms and Conditions. k. If a corporation is the Bidder, the authorized corporate representative must provide EAHA, at the time of registration, with proof in the form of a legal document acceptable to EAHA confirming the representative’s express authority to Bid in the Auction for and on behalf of the corporation. l. A shipping and handling charge will be added to each invoice to adequately package, ship and fully insure Merchandise. Bidder may request that EAHA increase the insured value of the purchased Merchandise above the successful Bid price for the Merchandise purchased at Auction by making a special arrangements in writing with EAHA, prior to shipment. m. All Auction Lot Holders are for short term use and should be changed by the new buyer for proper long term storage.

5. Financial Responsibility. All Bidder(s) in the Auction acknowledge and agree, as a condition to a.

the acceptance of a Bid by the Auctioneer, that:

In the event a successful Bidder fails to make payment when due, EAHA reserves the right, in its sole and exclusive discretion, to rescind the sale or to resell the Lot(s) in a commercially reasonable manner (which may include a public or private sale); it being understood that the Bidder agrees to pay for the reasonable cost of such a sale, together with any incidental costs of sale, attorney’s fees and costs, costs of the Cataloguer and any other reasonable charge(s). b. EAHA shall have the right to offset any sums due to EAHA, and to make such offset(s) from any past, current, or future consignment(s), or purchase(s) that are in the possession or control of EAHA. c. EAHA shall automatically have a security interest to secure any indebtedness due by a successful Bidder(s); it being understood that the Bidder consents to granting EAHA the right to file a Uniform Commercial Code “Financing Statement” to secure EAHA’s financial interest. d. If a given invoice submitted to the successful Bidder by EAHA is not paid for in full when due per the invoice terms, the unpaid balance shall accrue penalty interest at the rate of one-and-one-half percent (1-1/2%) per month until fully paid; it being understood that in such event the penalty interest rate shall exceed the interest permitted by law. e. Bidder agrees to pay all reasonable attorney’s fees, court costs and collection costs incurred by EAHA in attempting to collect past due invoice(s). f. If the successful Bidder for a given Lot(s) consists of one or more person(s) or entit(ies), each shall be jointly and severally liable to EAHA for any payment(s) due for Merchandise purchased.

6. Guarantees of Authenticity.

Unless otherwise indicated in the Catalog, the Merchandise offered for sale at the Auction shall be guaranteed by EAHA to be authentic and as described in the Catalog; it being understood that SUCH GUARANTEE SHALL BE VALID FOR A PERIOD OF THIRTY (30) CALENDAR DAYS ONLY FOLLOWING the Auction Date; it being further understood that after thirty (30) calendar days, no purchased Merchandise can be returned by a successful Bidder(s) under any circumstances; it being further understood that this limited guarantee is extended only to the original Purchaser of record, and to be effective requires the timely presentation of the original sales invoice as well as verification that the item of Merchandise is in the same exact condition as when originally sold. After thirty (30) calendar days, should any claim regarding authenticity of the Merchandise arise, at the sole discretion of EAHA, EAHA may elect to assign any rights it has against the original Consignor it may hold. It being understood and agreed that such an assignment, if granted by EAHA, shall not be considered an obligation and EAHA shall be completely removed from any further involvement or responsibility.

7. Descriptions and Grading.

d.

a. Bidder(s) acknowledge that all gradings of coin Merchandise sold in the Auction have been determined by independent grading services, and/or by EAHA; it being understood that the successful Bidder(s) acknowledge that the grading of rare coin(s) and currency is subjective and accordingly may differ among independent grading services and among expert numismatists, and that such grading may have a material effect on the ultimate Auction value of the coin Merchandise. b. EAHA shall not be responsible for the grade(s) assigned by independent grading services, and makes no warranty or representation regarding such grade(s). All third party graded lots are sold “AS IS” and are not returnable. c. Lot description(s) are based solely upon an examination of the coin(s), and are not intended to describe in detail any perceived special characteristics; it being understood that Bidder(s) acknowledge that coin grading and perception(s) are inherently subjective. d. EAHA does not warrant the accuracy of the description(s) and the photograph(s) and the color of photograph(s) contained in the Catalog, and that the Bidder acknowledges and agrees that the actual Merchandise offered for sale may vary in size and/or scale and/or color from any photograph(s) and/or description of the Lot in the Catalog. e. There can be no claim that any verbal description of the Merchandise, provided by EAHA or any employee, varies and/or alters the description contained in the Catalog.

e.

8. Disclaimer and Warranties. All Bidders in the Auction acknowledge and agree, as a condition to the acceptance of a Bid by the Auctioneer, that: NO WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE IS MADE OR IMPLIED ON ANY LOT IN THE CATALOG, AND NO WARRANTY, WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, IS MADE WITH RESPECT TO ANY LOT EXCEPT FOR A WARRANTY OF TITLE; IT BEING UNDERSTOOD THAT ALL LOTS OFFERED FOR SALE ARE SOLD ON AN “AS IS” BASIS AND THAT THE PURCHASER CONSEQUENTLY ASSUMES ALL RISKS CONCERNING AND RELATED TO THE GRADING, QUALITY, DESCRIPTION, CONDITION, AUTHENTICITY, AND PROVENANCE OF A GIVEN LOT.

9. Waiver and Release.

All Bidders in the Auction acknowledge and agree, as a condition to the acceptance of a Bid by the Auctioneer, that:

BIDDER EXPRESSLY WAIVES AND RELEASES, AND FOREVER DISCHARGES EAHA FROM ANY AND ALL CLAIMS, RIGHTS, DEMANDS AND CAUSE(S) OF ACTIONS AND SUIT(S), OF WHATEVER KIND OR NATURE, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, CLAIM(S) BASED UPON AUCTIONEER’S NEGLIGENCE, WHETHER IN LAW OR EQUITY OR WHETHER KNOWN OR UNKNOWN, SUSPECTED OR UNSUSPECTED, WHICH BIDDER MAY CLAIM TO HAVE WITH RESPECT TO AND/OR ARISING OUT OF, OR IN CONNECTION WITH ANY CHALLENGE TO ANY MERCHANDISE PURCHASED AT THE AUCTION, THE AUCTION PROCEDURES, OR THE PURCHASE OF ANY LOT(S); IT BEING THE INTENTION THAT THIS WAIVER AND RELEASE SHALL BE EFFECTIVE AS A BAR TO EACH AND EVERY CLAIM, DEMAND, CAUSE OF ACTION AND/OR SUIT OR CONTROVERSY THAT MAY ARISE HEREUNDER OR BE RELATED TO THE AUCTION ALL BIDDER(S) BY SUBMITTING A BID IN THE AUCTION KNOWINGLY AND VOLUNTARILY WAIVE ANY AND ALL RIGHTS AND BENEFITS OTHERWISE CONFERRED UPON THE BIDDER BY LAW OR BY THE PROVISION(S) OF SECTION 1542 OF THE CALIFORNIA CIVIL CODE, WHICH READS IN FULL AS FOLLOWS: “A GENERAL RELEASE DOES NOT EXTEND TO CLAIMS WHICH THE CREDITOR DOES NOT KNOW OR SUSPECT TO EXIST IN HIS FAVOR AT THE TIME OF EXECUTING THE RELEASE, WHICH IF KNOWN BY HIM MUST HAVE MATERIALLY AFFECTED HIS SETTLEMENT WITH THE DEBTOR.”

10. Disputes and Arbitration.

All Bidders in the Auction acknowledge and agree, as a condition to the acceptance of a Bid by the Auctioneer, that:

a.

b.

c.

If a dispute arises concerning ownership of a given Lot that has been Bid upon or concerning proceeds of any sale, EAHA reserves the right to commence a statutory Inter-Pleader or similar proceeding at the expense of the Consignor and successful Bidder and any other applicable party, and in such event shall be entitled to its reasonable attorneys’ fees and costs. Neither EAHA nor any affiliated or related company shall be responsible for incidental or consequential damages arising out of any failure of these General Terms and Conditions, the Auction or the conduct thereof and in no event shall such liability exceed the Purchase Price, premium, or fees paid. If the Bidder fails to comply with one or more of these General Terms and Conditions, then, in addition to all other remedies which it may have at law or in equity, EAHA may at its sole option either rescind the sale, retaining all payments made by Bidder as liquidated damages; it being recognized that actual damages may be speculative or difficult to compute, or sell a portion or all of the Lot(s) held by EAHA, in a quantity sufficient in the opinion of EAHA to satisfy the indebtedness, plus all accrued charges, and EAHA may sell such portion at an Auction or private sale conducted by EAHA and charge a seller’s commission that is commercially reasonable. More than one such sale may take place at the option of EAHA. Notice of the sale shall be by U.S.P.S. Mail, Return Receipt Requested to the address utilized on the Bid Sheet, Auction Consignment and Security Agreement or other last known address by EAHA. The proceeds shall be applied first to the satisfaction of any damages occasioned by Bidder’s breach, then to any other indebtedness owed to EAHA, including without limitation, commissions, handling charges, the expenses of both sales, reasonable attorneys’ fees, costs, collection agency fees and costs and any other costs or expenses incurred.

f.

It/he/she shall be liable to EAHA if the proceeds of such sale(s) insufficient to cover the indebtedness. The rights granted to the Bidder(s) under the within General Terms and Conditions are personal and apply only to the Bidder(s) who initially purchase the Lot(s) at the Auction, and no rights may be assigned or transferred to any other person or entity, and any attempt to assign or transfer any such rights shall be absolutely void and unenforceable. ANY DISPUTE ARISING OUT OF OR RELATED TO THESE GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS, THE AUCTION OR ANY LOT, WITH THE SOLE EXCEPTION OF ACTIONS BY EAHA TO COLLECT THE PURCHASE PRICE AND OTHER DAMAGES, SHALL BE SUBMITTED TO BINDING ARBITRATION WITH THE VENUE OF ALL HEARINGS TO BE IN SAN DIEGO AND PURSUANT TO THE RULES OF THE AMERICAN AR BITR ATION ASSOCIATION AND/OR THE PROFESSIONAL NUMISMATICS GUILD (“PNG”) AT”EAHA’S EXCLUSIVE OPTION.

11. Miscellaneous Terms.

All Bidders in the Auction acknowledge and agree, as a condition to the acceptance of a Bid by the Auctioneer, that:

a.

b.

c. d.

These General Terms and Conditions and the Auction shall be construed and enforced in accordance with and governed by the laws of the State of California, regardless of the location of the Auction. These General Terms and Conditions, and the information on EAHA’s website, constitute the entire Agreement between EAHA and the Bidder(s) and supersede all other agreements, understandings, warranties and representations of and concerning the Auction and subject matter hereof. EAHA will not be responsible for damage due to irradiation by the U.S. Post Office. If any part of these General Terms and Conditions, or any term or provision of any part is held to be invalid, void, or unenforceable by any court of competent jurisdiction, the remaining portion(s) shall remain and be in full force and effect.

12. Definitions a. The term “Absentee Bid” shall mean all Bids placed via mail, phone, fax, email and website. b. The term “Auction” shall mean an auction authorized and conducted under the auspices of “EAHA” and under these General Terms and Conditions. c. The term “Auction Date” shall mean the date the Auction is conducted. d. The term “Auctioneer” shall mean an individual(s) duly licensed and designated by “EAHA” to conduct the Auction. e. The term “Bid” shall mean a bona fide Bid made by a “Bidder” which is officially acknowledged and accepted by the Auctioneer at the Auction on the Auction Date. f. The term “Bidder” shall mean an individual or entity that submits a legally binding and bona fide Bid to the Auctioneer at the Auction. g. The term “Catalog” shall mean the official publication issued by EAHA and transmitted to potential Bidder(s) in advance of the Auction. h. The term “Cataloguer” shall mean the individual(s) that has described the “Lot(s)” contained in the Catalog for the Auction. i. The term “Consignment Agreement” shall mean the written agreement(s) between “EAHA” and a given “Consignor” available at “EAHA’s” offices. j. The term “Consignor” shall mean the owner of the “Merchandise” offered for sale by “Lot” at the Auction. k. The term “Description” shall mean the written remarks describing the features of a Lot combined with the corresponding photograph of said Lot. l. The term “ArtFact.com” shall mean the Internet accessible service provided by Artfact, LLC. m. The term “EAHA” shall mean collectively Early American History Auctions, Inc. and/or any subsidiary or affiliated entity and/or Officer(s), Director(s) and/or employee(s) of EAHA. n. The term “Fair Market Value” shall mean the sale price a given Lot is expected by the Cataloguer to realize at the Auction from the Bidder(s). o. The term “Hammer Price” shall mean the successful Bid in the Auction as determined by the Auctioneer on the Auction Date. p. The term “Holder” shall mean the original frame, container, case or clear plastic sleeve, labeled with the “Lot” number, in which the “Merchandise” is delivered by the Consignor to the successful Bidder at an Auction. q. The term “Lot(s)” shall mean the article(s) comprising the Merchandise offered for sale at the Auction. r. The term “Low Estimate” shall mean the low range of the sale price that a Lot is expected by the Cataloguer to realize at the Auction. s. The term “Merchandise” shall mean personal property described in the Catalog and offered for sale by Lot at the Auction. t. The term “Purchaser” shall mean the successful Bidder at the Auction on the Auction Date. u. The term “Purchaser’s Premium” shall mean the commission that is automatically charged by “EAHA” to each successful Bidder at the Auction in a sum equal to eighteen percent (18%) of the “Hammer Price” (or twenty-one percent (21%) of the “Hammer Price” if a given Bid is placed through “ArtFact.com”. v. The term “Reserve” is a confidential price below which the Auctioneer will not sell a given Lot, and/or will re-purchase on behalf of the Consignor or EAHA. w. The term “Settlement Date” shall mean a time forty-five (45) days after the Auction Date.

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Autographs

Robert Anderson “The Hero of Fort Sumter” Asks God to Save the Union in this Very Rare War-Date Signed Letter

1 ROBERT ANDERSON (1805 - 1871). Union Commanding Officer who Surrendered Fort Sumter to the Confederate forces at the start of the Civil War. In recognition of his stand at that fort, President Lincoln appointed him Brigadier General. July 11, 1861-Dated Civil War Period, Autograph Letter Signed, Robert Anderson, 2 pages, 7” x 4.75” to a Edward M. Thomas Esq. at Washington, DC, Very Fine. There is an old catalog description affixed at top, not affecting any text and which appears easily removable plus some silk prior mounting along the extreme left edge. This letter is in solid overall condition being boldly written, easily readable and having an impressive large full signature, “Robert Anderson” at its conclusion. It reads, in full:

“Dear Sir: — I have the pleasure to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 4th inst. & I thank you for your kind interest it expresses in my welfare. - My health has, I think, been already slightly improved by my short stay here.

I shall, in compliance with your request, inclose the Autograph, written as you suggested. - Hoping that God will so control and direct those who are in authority that Peace and Harmony and confidence may be restored to our beloved Union. - (Signed) Robert Anderson”

Robert Anderson’s actions at Fort Sumter made him an immediate national hero. He was promoted to brigadier general, effective May 15. Anderson took the fort’s 33-star flag with him to New York City, where he participated in a Union Square patriotic rally that is thought to have been the largest public gathering in North America up to that time. Anderson then went on a highlysuccessful recruiting tour of the North. His next assignment placed him in another sensitive political position, commander of the Department of Kentucky (subsequently renamed the Department of the Cumberland), in a border state that had officially declared neutrality between the warring parties. He served in that position from May 28, 1861, until failing health required his replacement, by Brigadier General William T. Sherman, on October 6, 1861. Therefore, any actual War-Date Signed Letter by him is extremely rare, quite valuable and treasured by Civil War and Autograph collectors.................................................................. (2,750-3,250)

On April 10, 1861, Brig. Gen. Pierre G. T. Beauregard, in command of the provisional Confederate forces at Charleston, SC, demanded the surrender of the U.S. garrison of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. The artillery attack was commanded by Brig. Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard, who had been Anderson’s student at West Point. Garrison commander Robert Anderson refused. On April 12, Confederate batteries opened fire on the fort, which was unable to reply effectively. At 2:30 p.m., April 13, Major Anderson surrendered Fort Sumter, evacuating the garrison on the following day. He died in 1871 and was buried at the West Point cemetery.

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––––––––– 1891 “Susan B. Anthony” Signed Autograph Letter & More

2 SUSAN B. ANTHONY (1820-1906) American Civil Rights Leader who played a pivotal role in the 19th Century Women’s Rights Movement to Introduce Women’s Suffrage into the United States. April 18, 1891-Dated, Autograph Letter Signed, “Susan B. Anthony,” at Washington, Very Fine. This original, clearly written letter is one and one-half pages, and measures 4.5” x 8”, inviting an unnamed recipient to hear a “distinguished English woman” speak at the Universalist Church. Her signature is exceptionally large, measuring 4.5” long. This letter reads, in full: “Parlor - 59 - Ness’ House Washington - April 18/91 — My Dear Friends, It will - I am sure not be amiss for me to enclose Miss Johnson’s card inviting you to meet the distinguished English Woman - Who makes but the briefest visit to Washington. - But if you cannot call on Judy - don’t fail to her on Monday night at the Universalist Church - I am told there she is by far the most able & eloquent of all the English speakers women of course! - Truly yours, - (Signed) Susan B. Anthony” This letter is hinged to a heavier and slightly larger paperboard backing for a prior display and is placed along side of a black and white print image of Anthony. In addition, also laid down onto the flip side of this same paperboard is a Typed Letter Signed, “S. B. Elkins,” dated August 19, 1895 at Bedford, PA. This additional Typed letter, likely regarding his review of a manuscript regarding Politics, addressed to Mr. Frank G. Carpenter of Washington D.C. It reads, in part: “You will find manuscript herewith returned. As you will see, I have made some changes in the text, particularly in speaking about Sherman, Blaine and Grant, and the Presidential candidates. You know, one has to be careful, and it wont do to tell all the facts for fear of bringing on controversies...” Stephen B. Elkins served in Andrew Johnson’s and Grant’s administrations, he was the Secretary of War under President Benjamin Harrison, and served in the U.S. Senate until his death in 1911. (2 items).................................................... (1,800-2,200)

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Major General John Armstrong The “Hero of Kittanning”

Benedict Arnold III 1752 Signed Document - Father Of The American General and Historic Traitor Settles His Store Business & Merchandise Accounts with the Future Governor of Connecticut “Jonathan Trumble”

4 BENEDICT ARNOLD, III, The Father of American Revolutionary War General and Famous Traitor, Benedict Arnold V. Along with...

Jonathan Trumble, Sr. (1710-1785), (Originally spelled: Jonathan Trumble, was later changed for an unknown reason) was one of the few men who served as Governor in both a pre-Revolutionary Colony and the post-Revolutionary State of Connecticut. January 31, 1752-Dated, Manuscript Document Signed, “Bened(ick) Arnold,” 4 pages, about 8.25” x 6.25” on laid period paper, being an accounting and payment receipt for purchased items and other expenses on account with Jon(athan) Trumble, over two years, from 1750 until payment in 1752, Very Fine.

3 JOHN ARMSTRONG, Sr. (1717 - 1795). The Colonial Military “Hero of Kittanning,” Victor of the Battle near Fort Pitt in the French and Indian Wars; Civil Engineer; Major General in American Revolutionary War; friend of George Washington; Continental Congressman and the Surveyor of Carlisle, Pa. February 17, 1763, Autographed Document Signed, “John Armstrong,” as Judge, at Carlisle, Pa, measuring 5.25” x 7.5” in Choice Extremely Fine. This rare, boldy written original legal document reads: “On Condition that Charles McSwain personally appear at the next Court of Oyerinterminer, to be held at Carlisle for the County of Cumberland there to give Evidence for ye King agst a Certain Art Donnely, if required thereto by the Judges of said Court, and not depart ye Court without License. - Acknowledged this 17th Day of Feby 1763 - before John Armstrong”. This impressive, well written and very clear document has a small, very clean split on fold at signature repaired on verso with archival tape, and looks excellent overall. A rare French and Indian War era document signed by this scarce, historic American military hero................................................................................ (400-500)

Of particular interest is a specific reference made to this account on November 14th, “by L (pound) raisins for my son.” That reference would have been for his son, either Joseph Trumbull (1737-1778), first Commissary General of the Continental Army and an early member of the Board of War, or for Jonathan Trumbull, Jr. (17401809), Aide-de-camp to General George Washington from 1781 to the end of the war; Governor of Connecticut 1798-1809 at this time receiving this special “raisin” sweet treat.

There are several lists of accounting and balances of merchandise and transactions of the period between Arnold and Jonathan Trumble. Near the bottom of the final page is the statement, in full:

“1752 January 31st - Then Settled with Jon. Trumble & Declare That I have Answered the Several Orders That are mentioned on the other side & balanced his Account, & given Bread for the Remaining Balance - As Witness my Hand - Bened Arnold”

Overall, this remarkable document is Signed by Benedict Arnold three times within the body and the text. It is well written in rich brown ink and very clear, being easy to read. There are folds and some deft archival sealed fold splits and a few trivial wear holes at the intersections. The quality, handmade “GR” and British Crown laid period paper has held up very well. Other important and historic names that we note being written upon this account include; Sam(uel) Huntington and Abel Buel.

Collectors and historians can imagine how the intercourse of commerce has brought these two important figures from early Connecticut history together. Each of them will be part of history in their own right. However, the acts and actions of their respective sons will each ultimately leave their marks on the course of American history forever!........................................................ (2,500-3,500)

General Benedict Arnold was born the last of six children to Benedict Arnold III (1683–1761) and Hannah Waterman King in Norwich, Connecticut, in 1741. He was named after his great-grandfather Benedict Arnold, an early governor of the Colony of Rhode Island, and his brother Benedict IV, who died in infancy before Benedict Arnold V was born. Only Benedict and his sister Hannah survived to adulthood; his other siblings succumbed to yellow fever in childhood. Through his maternal grandmother, Arnold was a descendant of John Lothropp, an ancestor of at least four U.S. presidents. The Arnold family was well off until the future general’s father made several bad business deals that plunged the family into debt, and became an alcoholic, forcing his son to withdraw from school at 14 because the family could not afford the expense. His father’s alcoholism and ill-health prevented him from training Arnold in the family mercantile business, but his mother’s family connections secured an apprenticeship for Arnold with two of her cousins, brothers Daniel and Joshua Lathrop, who operated a successful apothecary and general merchandise trade in Norwich.

5 FRED ASTAIRE & GINGER ROGERS. Pair of Signed B&W Photographs, “Fred Astaire” in red ink on a white portion, of a bust portrait of the older actor in formal attire, 10” x 8”, Very Fine. Plus, Signed B&W Photograph, “Blessings from Ginger Rogers” in purple marker, 10” x 8”, Very Fine. (2 items).......... (200-250) Page 

War of 1812 Robert Bowie Signed Maryland Commission

6 ROBERT BOWIE (March 1750 – January 8, 1818). 11th Governor of the State of Maryland, from 1803 to 1806, and from 1811 to 1812. March 16, 1812-Dated War of 1812 Period, Partially-Printed Document Signed, “Robt. Bowie,” as Governor, Very Fine. This is an original State of Maryland Militia Commission made to “James Amoss, Jr., 1st Lieutenant of Captain Paca Smith’s Troop of Horse, attached to the Seventh Regimental Cavalry...” This impressive document measures about 9.75” x 14.5” including its large outer margins. There is a virtually invisible fine thin archival reinforcement strip placed along the vertical centerfold on the blank reverse, plus some scattered minor tone. It is nicely printed in black script text upon laid period paper that has a central watermark “1798”, with a decorative outer border design and completed in rich brown ink. The large bold brown signature “Robt. Bowie” measuring a large 2.5” long at the lower right. A rarely encountered, historic War of 1812, Robert Bowie signed Maryland military Commission..................................... (400-500)

1848 Men Involved With John Brown’s Harpers Ferry Raid Including Fontaine Beckham, Harper’s Ferry Mayor Killed

8 CHARLES X (1757-1836) King of France (1824-1830). March 6, 1785-Dated Document Signed, “Charles Philippe,” 1 page, on vellum, 15” x 12” at Versailles, in French untranslated, Very Fine. Letter of validation boldly signed as Comte d’Artois, his title before his ascension to the throne of France. Countersigned by Oursin de Monchevrel, Receiver General. Signature a little light but entirely legible. Normal folds, minor toning, very small hole at bottom margin tape repaired on verso. Accompanied by French postcard portrait vignette. (2 items)............................................. (200-300)

As King, he attempted to restore Absolutism by dissolving the Chamber of Deputies and terminating freedom of the press. He abdicated as a result of the July Revolution of 1830 and later fled to England.

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7 (HARPER’S FERRY RAID, BY JOHN BROWN, PARTICIPANTS FROM VIRGINIA). April 5, 1848-Dated Pre-Civil War Era, Partially-Printed Document Signed Twice (front and back), by Fontaine Beckham, Mayor of Harper’s Ferry who was killed by John Brown’s men during the famous Raid on Harpers Ferry, Also Signed on the reverse by James H. Holt, who captured one of Brown’s men (a free black man) John L. Copeland, during that Raid, Choice Extremely Fine. This original, historic Document is 1 page, very boldly printed on period wove paper. It fully completed where required in easily readable, deep rich brown ink, having excellent clear signatures, being only folded for storage. It is a legal Court Summons of Jefferson County, VA (now West Virginia) to bring John Brighton to court to answer for a debt of $6.58 owed by Brighton to James H. Holt. This official Document Signed Twice (front and back), by Fontaine Beckham, Mayor of Harper’s Ferry, who was killed by John Brown’s men during the raid on Harpers Ferry. It is also Signed on the reverse by James H. Holt, who captured one of Brown’s men (a free black man) named John L. Copeland, during that raid. It is said that Holt put a gun to Copeland’s head when captured and he fired, but the powder was wet and the gun failed to discharge. After pistol whipping Copeland, Holt dragged him ashore and, with others, tried to Lynch Copeland with a rope made of handkerchiefs tied together, but was prevented from carrying it out. Copeland was tried and hanged two months later. Fontaine Beckham was the third of the five men killed and was the most prominent. He was killed along the railroad, near a watering station. Besides being Mayor at the time of the raid, he was a County Magistrate (in which capacity he signs this document), and a Station Agent for the B & O Railroad. Beckham’s death so infuriated the towns people that they seized one of John Brown’s men who had been captured, and riddled his body with bullets. This wonderful Document is also Signed Twice on its reverse side by George Koonce (1818-1908), who served the summons. This action indicating that he had executed the writ and that the debt owed to Holt was being assigned to him (view vertically). Koonce also had a noted role in defending Harper’s Ferry shortly after the Civil War broke out. On April 18, 1865, Harpers Ferry was approached by 2,000 Virginia soldiers. The Armory was only guarded by 42 Regular U.S. Army soldiers. Koonce responded to a request for help by the officer and led some local militia in stopping the larger Virginia Army at Smallwood’s Ridge, near Bolivar. This gave time for the Union Officer to burn the arsenal and the armory. Koonce and his men fled North and didn’t return again to Harpers Ferry until the Union again got control of the town in 1862. Koonce lost his home and his business as a result of his involvement in the April 1861 fight. After returning, he operated a general store in Harper’s Ferry with a Mr. Horner from 1863 to 1864. Following the war, Koonce served as a Member of the West Virginia House of Delegates (1865-1867) and a Member of the West Virginia Senate (1870-1871). A truly remarkable and unique document that would fit into any better collection of John Brown, Harper’s Ferry Raid, Abolition, Black History or Civil War signed documents........ (1,200-1,800)

Historic “CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES”

9 (CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES). c. 1810-40 Early 19th Century, Presentation Decorative Printed Broadside headed, “CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES - Adopted 1788,” 1 page, measuring about 29” x 21.5” laid onto linen and attached to a wooden top and bottom turned end scroll for display, Very Fine. This original Broadside of the Constitution was meant to be hung on display, no date, no place or printer. It is printed upon heavy wove period paper, laid onto a silk or fine linen backing, which is also brought forth onto the front right and left edges then hand-stitched as long-term added support and edge protection. The top and bottom wooden pieces are glossy golden in color having ornate turned end caps at the bottom. This decorative Broadside is in whole and solid condition having some expected surface wear and apparently has been rolled and displayed a number of times. There is some minor internal scattered wrinkling and deft sealed splits to the heavy rag wove paper, and much of the protective hand-stitched edge silk has frayed along the edges, not affecting the document. At the bottom of the printed text an early, period notation reads, “Presented to Mr. Aaron Morse by his Brother Joshua Morse.” There are several highly ornate outer decorative devices used in combination to form an outer border, within are two tall supporting decorative Greek style columns. In a large rectangular central box above the text is a wonderful American Eagle measuring 7.75” from wind tip to wind tip, with “E PLURIBUS UNUM.” between. Below, is the text of the Constitution, inclusive of Articles I through XII and stating “Ratified 1789 - 1804”. We have seen similar design styles of printed items as found in the Smithsonian Institution collection as illustrated in “Threads of History.” This Broadside is Not Listed in “Threads” and we have not seen or know of any other copy. An original printed draft copy of the four-page newspaper printed document went on the block on Nov. 19, 2005 at Freeman’s in Philadelphia. Estimated to sell for $80,000-$120,000, the United States Constitution sold for $207,225. This current museum quality example is extremely rare. Even being early 19th Century, this Decorative Printed Broadside printing of the “CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES” on its original wooden scroll, presents very well and is once again ready for prominent display.............. ................................................................................. (6,000-8,000)

1707 Early Colonial New York Governor George Clarke & Land Grant Signed Document For “Viscount Cornbury”

10 GEORGE CLARKE (Born 1676). Appointed Secretary of the Province of New York in 1703, Acting Governor of New York from 1736-1743, built an Estate named Hyde Park on Long Island. February 20, 1797-Dated, Manuscript Document Signed, “Geo. Clarke,” as probate clerk of New York for “Edmund Viscount Cornbury,” being an issued Land Grant, Fine. This original document dated 1707, measures 10” x 13” where George Clarke has signed a grant of probate as the Clerk to Lord Cornbury, to Mary Kniffen, the wife of the late Samuel Kniffen. She has inherited his entire estate, but must also be responsible for paying any debts owed. Samuel Kniffen, was the Constable and Tax Collector of Rye, New York in 1701. It is Signed by George Clarke at lower right. The Document itself having a fully intact embossed wax and paper Official Seal at the upper right. There are some archival strips of tape for reinforcement on the blank reverse side where some fold lines were splitting. Overall, a very collectable document even condition................................................................ (600-800)

1884 “CUSTER POST MARCH” Historic Sheet Music

11 (GEORGE ARMSTRONG CUSTER). 1884-Dated, Historic Printed Sheet Music, “Custer Post March” published by W. E. Adair, Cohocton, New York, copyright 1884, used, Fine. “Dedicated to the Officers of Custer Post, No. 81, G.A.R., Bath, N.Y.” The pages are boldly printed in deep black, slight uniform tone, and in overall very nice condition. There is some outer edge wear and roughness, small removed old tape traces at the spine, plus some small sealed splits from actual proir use. It measures 10.5” x 13.75” having 3 printed sheets (consisting 4 pages of musical notation, and 1 page of advertising, plus the front title page with an outstanding engraved portrait of George Custer in his classic military uniform. We sold a similar example in our EAHA Auction, August 28, 2010, Lot 34 which sold for $708. A great item for display that is absolutely perfect for any George A. Custer related collection. This current piece is only the second we have offered....................... (600-800) Page 

Snuff Box With “Declaration of Independence” & Signers

12 (DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE). c. 1825 Fifty Year Anniversary of the Signing, original Commemorative Papier Mache Snuff Box with the full text of “The Declaration of Independence,” Choice Very Fine. Facsimile Printed, on an 89 x 21.5mm (3.5”) diameter round snuff box, .75” high, with a decoupage print lid and base featuring the full printed text of “The Declaration of Independence” printed in tiny text upon a tan label placed upon the black painted snuff box. The lids bears the title and text, in full: “In Congress, July 4th 1776, The Unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen United States of America” and followed by of the actual Declaration. The base, in addition to the remainder of the text, bears the facsimile signatures of the Original Signers. John Hancock’s name vastly out-sizing the others, as usual and as found upon the original. Overall in excellent quality, having some trivial edge chips and expected wear on the lid and base, which do little to affect the strong body of the text. A beautiful item with undeniable historic value, that is an excellent addition to any “Declaration of Independence” related collection. Very rare indeed....................................................... (1,800-2,400)

“Wm. Donnison” Signed Letter to Major General Goodwin 13 WILLIAM DONNISON (c. 1757-1834). Revolutionary War Continental Army Officer, serving at various times as an Aid to Governor Hancock, Adjutant General of the Massachusetts Militia, and a Judge of Common Pleas, he also uncovered a major political scandal during the Federalists and Anti-federalists debates over the ratification of the United States Constitution. September 18, 1790-Dated, Manuscript Letter Signed, “Lieutenant Wm. Donnison,” at Boston, Fine. This original Signed Manuscript Letter measures 9” x 7.25”, 1 page, from Lieutenant Wm. Donnison to General Goodwin. It is regarding Military Commissions for General Goodwin’s Brigade. General Goodwin was a MajorGeneral of the Militia of Maine (then still part of Massachusetts) from 1783 to 1815. This historic Signed Letter has some outer margin chipping with some loss to the period laid watermarked period paper, slightly affecting the boldly written, clear deep brown ink text as shown. It reads, in full: “Boston Septr. 10, 1790 - General Goodwin — I must ask your excuse for delaying to answer you until this day - the reason is I could not procure the Commissions for your Brigade until yesterday when General Cobb received them from my office and proposes sending them by Mr. Robins. With regard to Inspection Rolls I will observe - It was not my plan to have any, for the reason I will mention - It will take one half of our Militia Captains half a day to fill up one of them on the field, and when done be very liable to error - I have therefore decided that every Captain bring a Roll of his train band men and deliver it to the Inspector - and have directed the Inspector in the mode of taking the slate of the Arms to himself the adjutant can examine and count the war Rank while the Inspector does the same with the first and the Inspector will put the whole down in a book I have sent for that purpose, properly ruled — Yr. Hubl. Servant Wm. Donnison” Docket on reverse reads: Genl. Donnison Letter - Sept. 18, 1790 - abt. Commission etc”................................................... (300-400) Page 10

Queen Mother “Elizabeth’s” Personal Checkbook Register

14 ELIZABETH, Consort of George VI and Queen Mother of Elizabeth II. This is an original, Partially-Printed Used Checkbook, with the manuscript register belonging to the Queen Mother, as Queen and Queen Mother, 6” x 2.5”, Very Fine. The checkbook originally contained 24 checks (none present), which were written over a period of nine years, from 1948-56. The register and the check stubs are written in the Queen’s hand. Six of the checks were made out to “The King” and one to “Princess Elizabeth.” Another notation is for “The King’s Thoroughbred Stud.” Other recipients of the Queen’s checks included Lady Carew Pole, Lady Jean Rankin, Lady Katharine Seymour, and the Duke of Beaufort. The amounts of the checks varied from £55 to £10,000. No checks were written after May 1951 until February of 1955, during which time George VI died (1952) and Princess Elizabeth became Queen Elizabeth II. The checkbook has brown paper covers with marbled end papers; there is a one-inch split at spine. Notations are neatly written in black ink. Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon had married George, Duke of York and second son of George V, in 1923. Upon the abdication of Edward VII in 1936, George succeeded to the throne as George VI and Elizabeth became Queen. They had two children, Elizabeth and Margaret. We are told that the provenance of this checkbook is from Princess Margaret’s son David, Viscount Luiley................... (2,000-3,000)

Three Personal Letters By Henry Clay Frick “America’s Most Hated Man”

15 HENRY CLAY FRICK. Group of 3 Autographed Letters Signed, two to his sister, Mrs. Overholt in Wooster, Ohio., Signed only with his nickname. All are written upon “H.C. Frick” letterhead, with accompanying stamped and postmarked envelopes. All 3 letters in Extremely Fine condition. Lot includes: 1. April 5, 1894-Dated, Autographed Letter Signed, apologizes for not attending a funeral due to “much trouble in the coke region,” 7.75” x 9.5”. 2. May 26, 1902-Dated, Autographed Letter Signed, “Clay”giving the go ahead to “build your house and I will furnish the money as needed,” 10.5” x 8”. 3. June 5, 1893-Dated, Autographed Letter Signed, “Clay” addressed to Master Karl Overholt, (perhaps a nephew), an invitation to visit, measuring 7.75” x 9.5.” Archive of three great very personal and tender-hearted letters from a leading figure of the Industrial Age who was once known as “America’s most hated man.” (6 items)................ (900-1,000)

1882 “THE TRIAL OF GUITEAU THE ASSASSIN”

17 (CHARLES JULIUS GUITEAU) (September 8, 1841 – June 30, 1882) American Lawyer who Assassinated U.S. President James A. Garfield on July 2, 1881 and was executed by hanging. 1882 Published, 1st Edition, Illustrated Hardbound Book entitled, “THE TRIAL OF GUITEAU, ASSASSIN OF PRESIDENT GARFIELD,” by H.G. and C.J. Hayes, Fine. This historic, quite scarce 1st Edition is by Hubbard Bros., with “Special Stenographic Reporters for the N.Y. Associated Press,” 25 illustrations, of Guiteau, President Garfield, trial witnesses and scenes, the assassination of Garfield, and more. Some actual use wear to the corners, shelf wear to top & bottom of spine and some light foxing to a few pages. The front cover has a great embossed illustration of Guiteau (in gold) peering from behind his prison cell bars. Gold stamped title on spine, measures 5” x 7.5” with 544 pages.

A truly fascinating detailed account of the life and trial of Charles Guiteau, for the killing of President Garfield the year before this book was published, written by the reporters who covered the trial................................................................................. (250-300)

“John Hancock” Signed 1767 Massachusetts Lottery Ticket

Scarce “George Gershwin” Signed Personal Imprint Check

16 GEORGE GERSHWIN (1898-1937). Popular American Composer of Porgy & Bess fame. April 10, 1932-Dated, PartiallyPrinted Document Signed, “George Gershwin,” 6 5/8” x 2 3/4” being his personal check, Choice Very Fine. His personal, imprinted check is drawn on The National City Bank of New York, for $90, made payable to Lenox Hill Hospital. It is completed in Gershwin’s own hand and boldly signed. His political satire, Of Thee I Sing was the first musical comedy to win a Pulitzer Prize. Most regard the opera Porgy & Bess in collaboration with his brother Ira to be his masterpiece. Trivial hidden 3/8” tear at bottom edge and small hole punch cancels to the check starting at the top of the signature. A lovely signed check................................................. (900-1,000)

18 JOHN HANCOCK, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, President of the Continental Congress, Governor of Massachusetts. April 1767, Partially Printed Document Signed, “John Hancock,” being a Pre-Revolutionary War Lottery Ticket, 1.75” x 3.5,” Choice Very Fine. This spectacular John Hancock item, though small, is important because it is from early in his public career. He signed this Lottery Ticket the year after his first election to the Massachusetts General Court. This example has nice sharp printed text and just some light handling circulation and has a slight deft sealed split near the signature. Overall, it has a nice even appearance and a large, rich brown ink signature “John Hancock”. A similar John Hancock signed example of a Faneuil Hall lottery ticket sold for $23,000 in a major New York City auction, in about the same condition in 2007. This magnificent museum quality, historic item is certain to be a centerpiece and highlight for the successful bidder’s collection... (12,000-16,000) John Hancock’s (1737-1793) political career began in 1764, the year he inherited his uncle’s fortune and shipping business, when he became a Boston Selectman (member of the city council). In 1766 he was elected to the Massachusetts General Court. During the 1770’s his fame as a patriot spread and he was elected or appointed to increasingly important offices.

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John Hancock Ships a Bag Containing “500 Dollars” Document Completed Entirely In John Hancock’s Hand

19 (JOHN HANCOCK). September 30, 1764-Dated, PartiallyPrinted Shipping Document, at Boston, unsigned, the completed Manuscript Text in the hand of John Hancock, Fine. This original form is printed on early laid period paper, measures 4.5” x 9” with its original black wax seal appearing very distinct in the upper left corner. Some small edge chinks affect some of the manuscript text in the upper right corner. It is even in tone with some deeper tone areas and tipped to a larger sheet. There is very bold, clear rich brown manuscript portions by John Hancock and deep black printed text. It is also accompanied by a circa 1850 Engraved Print of John Hancock with his famous engraved facsimile signature below, 9” x 5” Very Fine. Below the seal is the notation: “1 Bag of 500 Dollars.” This late French and Indian War period document is a receipt for the transfer and shipping of a bag of 500 (Spanish Milled “Pillar” Dollars) from the Hancock’s Wharf Office to “JOSIAH STOVER.” This money to be transported to “Thomas Williams Esq., StoreKeeper & Paymaster to the Honorable Board of Ordinance ... Port of Annapolis, Royal.” At this time in his life, young John Hancock was employed as a clerk in the office of his uncle and surrogate father, Boston merchant, Thomas Hancock. This rare document shows the importance of hard silver coinage payment being transferred and made to fund the British American War efforts of the period. (Manuscript text confirmed as that of John Hancock by John Reznikoff.) A most important Early American financial and shipping document. (2 items)................................................................... (1,200-1,400)

21 JULIA WARD HOWE (1819-1910). American Abolitionist, Social Activist, and Poet, most famous as the Author of “The Battle Hymn of the Republic” (1862). June 14, 1895-Dated, Autograph Letter Signed, “Julia Ward Howe”, 4 pages, with integral leaf, 5” x 7”, Very Fine. Howe was the first woman elected to American Academy of Arts and Letters. On her return home from a trip to Baltimore, here Howe extends her appreciation and thanks to a doctor for his and his wife’s gracious hospitality. It reads, in very small part: “Here I am, safe and sound, after a comfortable journey. Miss Gilman proved a very pleasant traveling companion ... Your cheque for ten dollars arrived this morning ... I shall always remember my visit... with sincere pleasure ...” This letter is nicely penned and signed, having slight tone, a couple lines of text from last page penned at the left edge on reverse side. Scarce and popular......................................................... (200-300)

Historic Isaac Hull Court-Martial Appointment

1762 “Thomas Hancock” Signed Payment Boston Receipt

20 THOMAS HANCOCK (1703 - 1764). Merchant in Colonial Boston, Smuggler, became one of Boston’s wealthiest men. He passed his business and fortune to his nephew John Hancock. April 29, 1762-Dated, at Boston, Manuscript Document Signed Twice, “Thomas Hancock, Esq.,” first in Third Person, within the header of the text, and second, as Endorsed on the blank reverse, Choice Very Fine. This is a Payment Receipt, where Thomas Hancock has purchased of Robert Peiyson, some pine shingles and Boating Dock fees at Clark’s Warfe. This original document measures 4” x 6” has faint light folds and is in overall in very nice, clean, fresh looking condition on choice laid period paper. This is a lovely quality, early “Thomas Hancock” Twice Signed item, just as the young John Hancock became a partner with his Uncle Thomas........................................................................... (400-500) Page 12

22 ISAAC HULL, Early American Naval Hero. Letter Signed, “Isaac Hull,” September 7, 1807, 1 page, 8” x 10”, on laid paper with integral address leaf, Very Fine. Minor weakness and loss at folds, not affecting body of letter. Written as Captain commanding United States Gun Boat No. 10, to a Lt. Warrington, Commander of U.S. Gun Boat No. 63, it reads: “In consequence of orders received from Commodore Stephen Decatur to convene a Court Martial on board the United States Frigate Chesapeake on Thursday the 17th Inst. for the purpose of trying a Seaman belonging to Said Ship- I do hereby appoint you a member of said Court, and have to request that you give your attendance.” An important, early American naval document, boldly signed by Hull.......................................................................... (2,000-2,500)

Helen Keller Seeks Funds for The American Foundation for Overseas Blind

Three William Irvine Signed Checks (Society of Cincinnati)

23 WILLIAM IRVINE (1741 - 1804). American Physician, Soldier, and Statesman from Carlisle, Pennsylvania, Revolutionary War Continental Army Brigadier General, Represented Pennsylvania in both the Continental Congress (1787–88) and the United States House of Representatives (1793–1795), Intimate Friend of George Washington. Treasurer of the Society of The Cincinnati. Lot of (3), Partially-Printed Documents Signed, “Wm. (William) Irvine,” (as Treasurer of the Society of The Cincinnati) apparently being Checks issued from The Society Of The Cincinnati, all on the Bank of the UNITED STATES, Philadelphia, being Cut-Cancelled, measuring about 2.5” x 6.5” as follows: 1. February 29, 1804-Dated. “Wm. (William) Irvine,” (as Treasurer of the Society of The Cincinnati), check from The Society Of The Cincinnati to George Hunter for $12.00, Extremely Fine. Burn area at the the bottom left hand corner with some text and paper affected. 2. May 11, 1804-Dated, Similar check, for $28, made out to “Jno. (John) Hunter” and has a small water spot on the bottom right hand corner touching into the right portion of his last name. 3. February 7, 1804-Dated, Similar check, also Signed by Brigadier General William Irvine as the Treasurer of The Society of The Cincinnati, being made out to “John Wilmer”. Burn area at the bottom left hand corner with some text and paper affected. These check are quite presentable and very scarce, all being boldly printed in black with rich deep brown manuscript portions and the vivid large signature of “Wm. Irvine.” (3 checks)........ (500-600)

Andrew Johnson Ornate Mititary Appointment of MAJOR GENERAL WILLIAM S. HARNEY BY BREVET - Together with Its Original Presentation Storage Tube

25 HELEN KELLER. September 27, 1951, Typed Letter Signed, “Helen Keller,” in pencil on American Foundation for Overseas Blind, Inc. letterhead, New York, one page, measuring 11” x 8.5”, Choice Extremely Fine. Her letter, addressed to a “Mr. Luhrs”, contains an appeal for funds for her efforts to assist the blind overseas. Keller’s signature is carefully written at the bottom of the page, measuring over 2” long. A heartfelt letter, with excellent content, that reflects Keller’s writing ability and clarity of mind in pursuit of bettering the lives of deaf and blind people. The letter is offered with a self-addressed stamped envelope, directed to the American Foundation for Overseas Blind, Inc., measuring 6” x 3.5”, together with the original transmittal envelope (9” x4”) as well as a 7” x 4.5”, 4 page printed brochure for the foundation. (4 items)......................................................................... (600-800)

24 (ANDREW JOHNSON), 17th President of the United States who succeeded to office after the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. July 28, 1866-Dated, Partially-Printed Document, Stamped Signature, “Andrew Johnson,” as President, being an Ornate Military Appointment on Vellum, measuring 20” x 15.5”, Washington, DC, Choice Near Mint. Large American Eagle and decorative militaria vignettes at top and bottom. Johnson signed such commissions only until June of 1865 after which a steel stamp of his signature was used. His signature is well stamped in deep black being 3” across and also Hand-Signed, “Edwin M. Stanton” as Secretary of War, in light brown ink. This is the original Official Presidential Military Appointment of William S. Harney (1800-1889), as “Major General BY BREVET...” from July 23, 1864, “for long and faithful services.” This Commission by President Andrew Johnson is also accompanied by its impressive Presentation, Japanned and Gold Lettered original metal transmittal tube, complete with its original end cap, which reads, “Commission of Bvt. Major General WILLIAM S. HARNEY, United States Army.” William S. Harney became the First Prisoner taken by the South in the Civil War! At the start of the Civil War, in 1861, some of William’s old comrades of the Indian and Mexican Wars became political leaders. In February, Abe Lincoln became the new President of the U.S., and four days later, Jefferson Davis was elected President of the Southern Confederacy. William Harney was then the Commander of the Department of the West in St. Louis, Missouri. In April 1861, he was ordered to report to Washington by Lincoln’s new Secretary of War, Simon Cameron. The train on which he was traveling was stopped at Harper’s Ferry, and a young confederate office boarded announcing “General Harney, sir, you are my prisoner!” He was told a Confederate battalion had surrounded the train, sent with orders to intercept him before he reached Washington. In this way, William S. Harney became the first prisoner taken by the South in the Civil War. Later, in Virginia, William received apologies for the manner in which he was brought there, and he was offered a Confederate command under Robert E. Lee. He had previously served with Lee in the U.S. Army in the Mexican War. William refused, and he was allowed to continue on his trip to Washington. This document has a vivid docket in the upper left is beautifully written in bold attractive red ink, the full original rich blue embossed Official Paper Seal is complete and fully intact. Other than for some handling of this vellum document, it is extremely clean, fresh and has never been folded, having been properly stored in its presentation transmittal tube. Of historical note, this a Very Rare Commission to “Major General by Brevet,” being kept together with its original Presentation transmittal tube. (2 items).....................................................................................................................................................................................................(600-1,000) Page 13

Outstanding Content “Stan Laurel” Typed Letter Signed Fabulous Laurel & Hardy History, Insight and Commentary

Unique Abraham Lincoln Signed 1861 Telegraph Company Four Line Reply Signed “A. Lincoln” at Washington, D.C.

26 STAN LAUREL (Arthur Stanley Jefferson) (1890-1965). Early Comic Actor, Writer and Film Director, famous as the first half of the comedy double-act Laurel and Hardy. His career stretched from the silent films of the early 20th century, until after World War II. December 27, 1958-Dated, Typed Letter Signed, “Stan Laurel” at The Oceana Apartment Hotel Letterhead, Santa Monica, California, Choice Very Fine. This original TLS is written to Glenn Laxton, measures 7.25” x 10.5” and is accompanied with its Original Mailing Envelope. There are six tape remnants on back side with light show-through to the front at left and right. This important and historic content letter has some outstanding thoughts and comments as conveyed by Stan Laurel. It reads, in full:

27 ABRAHAM LINCOLN (1809-1865). Martyred, Sixteenth President of the United States. May 9,1861-Dated Civil War Period, Partially-Printed Document Signed, “A Lincoln” as President, measuring 8.25” x 5.25” with marginal repairs, Appearance of Very Fine. This printed “The Magnetic Telegraph Company” transmittal form was sent by William Phillips at Springfield, IL on May 9, 1861 and reads: “to A. Lincoln — Will you accept a regiment commanded by me for the war - Wm. Phillips.” This message is recorded as being received at Washington the same day. While there appears to be no record of his appointment as an army officer, it is quite probable that Phelps was a member of the Pioneer Midwest merchant family and previously well-known to Lincoln. He was also well-known to Lewistown residents. In 1849, while still a Prairie lawyer, a William Phelps from Lewistown, IL, wrote him to request he use his influence to get Joel Wright of Canton reinstated as the Postmaster [from the papers of Robert Todd Lincoln Collection]. Mr. Phelps (1809-1899) was earlier a Riverboat Captain who was trading in furs with the Native American Indians in the region, before buying extensive tracts of farm lands in the Lewistown area and becoming one of its leading merchants. The President then forwards this request to the War Department, writing a four line note at the bottom which reads: “I think the name is Wm Phelps - He is a good man. Will the War Department please answer him? - (Signed) A. Lincoln”. Lincoln’s note is darkly penned and he Signs here in medium brown ink, that is very clear and legible. Historically, this is signed less than one month after the outbreak of the Civil War at Fort Sumter on April 12th. Phelps was undoubtedly responding to President Lincoln’s urgent call for a Volunteer army. This War-date Telegraph form has a very pleasing overall appearance, having some restoration to the blank margin at top and upper right side, affecting a few letters. Otherwise, there is some very minor ink bleed in last word of Lincoln’s written text, some expected light tone, with an earlier mounting strip on blank verso. The paper repair to the top portion does not affect any of the handwritten portions. This fairly extensive, specific note of a Wartime command, given in response to a Patriotic request, makes this a very unique Abraham Lincoln and Civil War item. It appears nice for proper framing and display, specially having all of the text, printed and manuscript, plus Lincoln’s signature all on the face side of this document. A wonderful, quite historic autograph piece that would be excellent for display...................... ................................................................................. (5,500-7,500)

Dear Glenn Laxton: Thanks yours, 20th inst. Thought the snapshot was very good, I think you do resemble me - maybe with a derby it would be much better. No, the critics were never too enthused about L&H, but it never bothered us, we preferred the Public’s opinion, after all they are the real critics, if they liked us, that was the main thing & all that was necessary as far as we were concerned. There was never any rift between L&H over anything - do’nt understand what you mean, we were very close friends in all our 30 years of association. You mention that “Pardon Us” was a silent film - that was our first Feature length in Sound. Mrs Laurel & I have been married since ’46. Yes, I appeared many times in New England - many years ago when I was in Vaudeville - before I ever met Mr. Hardy. The late Mike Todd wanted us to appear in ‘Around the World in 80 Days’ film, but we were both very ill at the time & were unable to make it unfortunately. No, I have’nt seen Billy Gilbert for a long time, I saw him last a few years ago at a party at Eddie Cantor’s home in Beverly Hills, Have only seen him since on TV. Well I hope this covers your questionaire, so all for now, Hope you had a nice Xmas & wish you a Happy & Healthful New Year. My regards & best - Sincerely: (Signed) - Stan Laurel” An article from the “Standard-Times” (Rhode Island), 1995 reads: “When he was 15 years old, Attleboro (Mass.) Cable TV news anchorman Glenn Laxton wrote to his movie idol, Stan Laurel — the thin half of the famous comedy duo Laurel and Hardy. For the next decade, the two corresponded on a regular basis. During the ensuing years, Mr. Laxton also managed to collect a substantial amount of Laurel and Hardy memorabilia. The letters and memorabilia have been combined into ‘Mr. Laurel and Mr. Hardy,’ an exhibit opening Sunday at the Carpenter Museum in Rehoboth (Mass.).”

The very historic and superior personal insight expressed by Stan Laurel in this letter makes it specially important and highly unusual. A great letter for Laurel and Hardy, early American comedy and film collectors alike. (2 items)...................................... (600-900) Page 14

“Benjamin Lincoln” G. Washington’s Trusted Major General

Rare 1762 Aaron Lopez Signed Document At Newport, RI

28 BENJAMIN LINCOLN (1733 1810). French & Indian War Soldier and American Revolutionary War Major General Continental Army, notable for overseeing the largest US surrender of the war at Siege of Charleston, and for being the officer who formally accepted the British surrender at Yorktown. October 20, 1804-Dated, Partially-Printed Document Signed, “B. Lincoln” as Collector for the Port of Marblehead, MA. (near Boston and Charlestown), on period watermarked fine quality laid paper, measuring about 10” x 5”, Very Choice Crisp Near Mint. This exceptional quality Signed document is recording a cask of 55 gallons of wine to be taxed. There is a sharp, wonderful official Embossed Seal with an American Heraldic Eagle at top left, being boldly printed, with traces of original press text embossing within the paper, and vividly completed in brown ink and has never been folded............................................................................. (275-350)

30 AARON LOPEZ (1731-1782). Historic Colonial and Revolutionary War Era Jewish American Patriot, Merchant, Slave Trader, Newport, Rhode Island. This lot is an original Trio of Manuscript Receipt Documents. They are well written and easily readable, individually dated 1762, 1763 and 1783 at Newport, Rhode Island, each Very Fine. One is from Merchant Aaron Lopez, who has fully handwritten and Signed within the text on the invoice dated 1762, an invoice being for goods sold to a John Gorton. This Document is 3” x 5” and entirely in the hand of Lopez. The other two receipt documents, dated 1763 and 1783, are not in the hand of Lopez and are from to other merchants to John Gorton, having nothing at all to do with Lopez, but is still a listing a goods including blades, razors and other goods. (3 items)...................................................................... (800-1,000)

Militia Order Mourning the Death of George Washington From Levi Lincoln to Lexington & Concord Minuteman Willliam Green who was also Wounded at Bunker Hill 29 LEVI LINCOLN, SR. (1749 - 1820) - (GEORGE WASHINGTON - Related). American Patriot, Massachusetts Minuteman and Member of House of Representatives and Senate, United States Congressman, President Jefferson’s Secretary of State who also appointed him Attorney General of the United States, Governor of Massachusetts, who was distantly related to Abraham Lincoln. (December 1799) Death of George Washington Period, Autograph Letter Signed, “Levi Lincoln,” regarding a Militia Order to Mourn the recent Death of George Washington, “our late Commander in Chief,” Very Fine. George Washington died on December 14, 1799 at age 67. This is an original letter, measuring 12.5” x 7.5” that is boldly written and addressed in rich brown ink on clean period watermarked laid paper by Levi Lincoln. It was folded and sealed, having an integral address panel addressed to Lincoln’s Massachusetts “Brother” (in arms), William Green as “Adjutant Green of the 1st Reg.(iment) 1st Brig(ade)”. This well written letter is in nice quality, having expected folds and just a small splits where opened. It reads, in full: “Brother Green — At a Meeting of the Officers last evening, at which I was to have given you notice, but which was most accidentally neglected, it was voted unanimously that we attend Public worship the next Sabbath in Uniform with Side Arms & Crape on the Left arm in pursuance of General Orders filed at Boston on the occasion of the death of our late Commander in Chief that we meet for this juxtapose at Chamberlain’s at the ringing of the first bell in the morning, and that your Humble Servant be directed to request the company of Adjutant Green. - (Signed) Levi Lincoln”. The reverse side docket reads: “L. Lincoln - Letter for the officers to appear in mourning.” William Green entered the service on April 19, 1775 during the Battle of Lexington and Concord at the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, as a Minuteman who served as Adjutant, a staff officer under Colonel William Prescott, and was later ordered commissioned on May 26th. He was wounded at the Battle of Bunker Hill on the 17th of June 1775. William Green died in 1810. This is a truly remarkable and historic letter, directly involving two of the first participants who served at the very outbreak of the American Revolutionary War and now serving together in the honoring and commemoration of their General and President George Washington, “our late Commander in Chief”.........................................(4,000-5,000)

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Early U. S. Loan Office Form Issued to Prominent Jewish Bostonian Merchant David Lopez 31 DAVID LOPEZ, Prominent Jewish Bostonian, United States of America Loan Certificate Form, Fine. 1782-Dated, Printed document on watermarked laid paper. United States of America Fourth Bill of Exchange for $12 or 60 Livres Tournois payable to Paris. 4.0” by 8.0” Signed by Michael Hillegas as Treasurer and Nathaniel Appleton for the State of Massachusetts. Anderson US94 5B. Issued to David Lopez from the prominent Boston Jewish family. Countersigned on the verso by Lopez with ink corrosion causing a lower left body hole. Small ink hole in the Hillegas signature. Overall Fine............................................ (1,500-2,000)

According to the “American Jewish Historical Society,” David Lopez, was brother to Aaron Lopez and Abraham Lopez. He died in Boston in 1797 “ where he had been living for some years. He left an estate of upwards of £1300 which he distributed amongst his nephews and nieces.” From his will: “In the name of God, Amen, I, David Lopez of Boston in the County of Suffolk, and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, being sick and weak in body, but of sound mind, memory and understanding. Praised be God for it, and considering the certainty of death and the uncertainty of the time thereof, and to the end I hereunto set my hand and seal this eighth day of December In the year of the Christian Era, One thousand seven hundred and ninety seven. David Lopez. (Seal)”

1848 Thomas L. McKenney’s ( Author of “History of the Indian Tribes” ) Letter Written to Dolley Madison “...to report to the President, the state of revolt in which the Troops on Windmill Hill, were thrown, on the Appearance of General Armstrong among them, after the Conflagration of the Capitol...”

“It is for History I ask this Information” 32 THOMAS L. McKENNEY, Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Autograph Letter Signed, “Tho L McKenney”, addressed to Dolley Madison, December 29, 1848, New York City, three pages, 7.5” x 10”, Very Fine. This letter partially reads:

“...I hope to be excused for taxing your memory... the

Aside from some light soiling, one small perforation, and some browning on the center crease, the document remains in very good condition. A few unrelated pencil notations and a brief red manuscript biography of McKenney appear on the blank back panel......................................................................... (4,000-5,000)

only Interview I ever had with Mr. Madison, upon any subject connected with General Armstrong, was on F. Street, (he being on horseback) when I was Commissioned by General Smith, in Company with Major Williams to report to the President, the state of revolt in which the Troops on Windmill Hill, were thrown, on the Appearance of General Armstrong among them, after the Conflagration of the Capitol... It is for History I ask this Information — as well as to shew before it shall have passed to the final record, the falsehood of connecting me with this ‘Hanson and Bavie’ Committee...”

Thomas L. McKenney, 1785-1858, a Georgetown merchant, was appointed Superintendent of Indian Affairs in 1816 by President James Madison. He went on to author the 3-volume “History of the Indian Tribes” and maintained a relationship with the Madison Family. McKenney was heavily involved in the intrigue. Armstrong was at the time Secretary of War, while James Monroe was serving as Secretary of State. The committee, allegedly organized by disgruntled Washington citizens following the British capture of the city, saw that Monroe took Armstrong’s place. Whispers spread that Monroe had a hand in the coup, a charge Monroe denied until his death.

Want to see Full Color Enlargements of every photographed auction lot ? Visit our Internet Site: www.EarlyAmerican.com Page 16

Interviews and First-Hand Investigation of the 1857 Morman “Mountain Meadows Massacre”

Two Guns White Calf - The Model For The Buffalo Nickel 34 (NATIVE AMERICAN INDIANS), TWO GUNS WHITE CALF, Blackfoot Indian Chief Who Claimed to Pose for Front of Buffalo Nickel. Sepia Photo Signed with his familiar pictograph signature in black ink at bottom right, no date, 3.25” x 5.5”, Choice Very Fine. An absolutely gorgeous, resonant real-photo postcard, one insignificant light crease at lower right corner barely detracting from this crisp image....................(1,500-2,000)

Historic 1685 William Penn Signed Land Patent Document On Vellum For Property In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 33 (MORMONS). This important historical lot features two typed manuscripts, c. 1860 and c. 1940s, featuring interview transcripts and a statement of an investigator of the September 11, 1857 “Mountain Meadows Massacre” of Arkansas emigrants to Utah Territory by local Mormon militia. These original documents recount the first-hand recollections of Gladys McConnel (whose great-grandfather and great-uncle lived in Cedar City, Utah), Mabel (the daughter of Chief Kanosh of the Paiute Indians), Mrs. Wetherill (an anthropologist who was adopted by the Navajo and allowed to witness sacred ceremonies), and others who were familiar with Mormon history in Utah. The 14” x 9” document is bound at the top, has a light-blue paper cover, and approximately 50 pages detailing the massacre and subsequent concerns. “Miss McConnel was born and raised in Cedar City. Her Great Grandfather, Jehial McConnel was one of the first settlers in Parowan and built the first house in Iron County…. Miss McConnel has made a study of Southern Utah history and has compiled many of the stories told to her by the old people down there…” McConnel provides great background information, stating: “It is my belief, from what I have been able to learn, that Isaac Haight was at the head of the entire Massacre. Haight was the head of the militia in Cedar City… It is absolutely correct that the ‘white men’ from Cedar City and the other towns, who joined in the Massacre, were dressed as Indians and painted as Indians… It is not likely that the true story of the Mountain Meadow Massacre will ever be know, because after the Massacre, all of those who had participated in it were so terrified that they swore themselves to ever-lasting secrecy… There were plenty of Indians who also joined with the whites in the Massacre…. The thing that was so disgraceful about the whole proceedings was that the white flag of truce was accepted until the Mormons and the Indians could take away the firearms of the emigrants, separate the men, women and children and get them out of their camp… the entire group old enough to talk and understand was killed…” The second manuscript is a 19-page, typed statement submitted in February 29, 1860 by William H. Rogers to a newspaper, “The Valley Tan”, of Great Salt Lake City, explaining his investigation of the “Mountain Medows Massacre.” Measuring 12” x 8”, the folded, carbon copy on onionskin paper also recounts the investigation soon after the massacre: “Bishop Lee told the emigrants that the Indians had gone off over the hills, and that if they would lay down their arms and give up their property, he and his party would conduct them back to Cedar City…. The emigrants, trusting to Lee’s honor and to the sincerity of his statement, consented to the terms… After they had proceeded about a mile on their way, on a signal given by Bishop Higby,… the slaughter began. The men were mostly killed or shot down at the first fire and the women and children who immediately fled in different directions, were quickly pursued and dispatched….” Both documents exhibit wear on the covers and edges, but the pages are crisp and legible. There is a great wealth of knowledge here—about the massacre, the Mormon settlements, and the Paiute Indians of the region. (2 items)....... (2,500-3,000)

35 WILLIAM PENN (1644 - 1718). Founded the Province of Pennsylvania, the British North American Colony that became the U.S. State of Pennsylvania. The Democratic principles that he set forth served as an inspiration for the United States Constitution. Ahead of his time, Penn also published a plan for a “United States of Europe.” Manuscript Document Signed, “Wm Penn,” as Proprietor and Governor of Pennsylvania, on Vellum, 1682, Philadelphia, 9” x 12”, Very Fine. This being an original Pennsylvania Land Patent (grant) to Thomas Cross for a 250 Acre tract of land in Philadelphia County. The boundaries of the tract are described in detail, and it is payment specified. The heading of the document has “William Penn” written in large letters measuring about 1’ tall x 6.5” long. The vellum document tie at the mid-bottom edge is present, with the clear brown ink signature “Wm Penn” to its left, which is signed at the folded-over portion. The entire face side is very well written and clear, being on clean vellum that has some typical folds. It is attractive, far superior to most seen, and excellent for display. The normally blank reverse side has two different endorsements and a signed statements. One is an agreement that is signed by “Thomas Cross” with his “X” Mark, which is witnessed by two other men. On the opposite panel is the well written, official Recording of this Land Grant Document by the Patent Office in Philadelphia, dated October 1st, 1685. Penn’s father, Sir William Penn, was an English naval commander who took part in numerous naval victories. William Penn inherited from his father a large financial claim against Charles II, and received as payment the Grant of Pennsylvania in 1681. In 1682, he received the “lower counties” (now Delaware) from the Duke of York (the future James II). This land grant in 1684 was an early one, close to Philadelphia, made while Penn was in America inspecting his province from 1682 to 1684............. (4,500-5,500) Page 17

Robert Ripley’s Signature... Believe It Or Not !

1908 Signed Engraving of President Theodore Roosevelt

36 ROBERT LEROY RIPLEY (1893 - 1949). American cartoonist, entrepreneur and amateur anthropologist, who created the world famous Ripley’s Believe It or Not ! Autograph Signature Albumn Sheet Signed, “Ripley — BELIEVE IT OR NOT” in deep black crayon, measuring 4” x 5”, Choice Near Mint. No visible marks or tears, being very clean and pleasing. This wonderful example is in near mint condition and is ready to be displayed!... ....................................................................................... (275-325)

David Rittenhouse Signed Receipt From Samuel Meredith On The Account of Valley Forge Officer Andrew Norny

38 THEODORE ROOSEVELT (1858-1919). Twenty-Sixth President of the United States. November 11, 1908-Dated, Signed Engraving of President Theodore Roosevelt, “To Wm. F. Stone with the regards of Theodore Roosevelt Nov 11th 1908”, 8.25” x 6.75”, nicely matted and framed to overall size of 15.25” x 13.75”, Very Fine. Some light dampstaining seen running through the sentiment, and having some unevenness of the ink in the date. William F. Stone was Sergeant-at-Arms for the Republican Party Headquarters. Ready for hanging on display.............. (800-1,000)

“Theodore Roosevelt” Signed Presidential Document 37 DAVID RITTENHOUSE. American Astronomer, Inventor, Clockmaker, Mathematician, Surveyor, Scientific Instrument Craftsman. Rittenhouse was a Member of the American Philosophical Society and the First Director of the United States Mint. SAMUEL MEREDITH. Appointed by George Washington as the First Treasurer of the United States from 1789 to December 1801. ANDREW NORNY. Served in the Revolutionary War, endured Valley Forge, later Appointed as Brigadier General. Extraordinary Manuscript Autographed Document Multi-Signed, “Andrew Norny,” “Sam. Meredith” and “Dav. Rittenhouse,” April 24, 1795, Philadelphia, 8” x 7.5” by sight, Choice Extremely Fine. This is an original Sixty Day Sight Draft authorizing the payment of “Five Hundred and thirty three dollars and thirty three cents” to David Rittenhouse from (General) Andrew Norny. Rittenhouse signs that he has received payment in full. Rittenhouse’s signature is bold and clear. The document is folded (as it was apparently mailed in letter form) and docketed on the reverse (which can be identified by looking through the paper itself). It is very nicely, professionally matted and framed to 19” x 13” for display with a 6” x 4.5 period engraved image by “C. Gobrecht, Sculptor” and “C.W. Peale, Printer,” of David Rittenhouse, as “President pf the American Philosophical Society” with an engraved brass plate below bearing his name. An amazing, beautifully written and presented financial document signed by three very important and historic Early American Revolutionary War Patriots. The finest quality example we have seen................................. (4,000-5,000) Page 18

39 THEODORE ROOSEVELT (1858-1919). Popular, Dynamic Twenty-Sixth President of the United States. September 19, 1908-Dated Partially-Printed Document Signed, “Theodore Roosevelt” as President, Washington, D.C., 20” x 16” laid down onto heavy stock for display, Choice Very Fine. This is an original Military Appointment for John Holtman, making him a Captain in the Philippine Scouts. The official War Office Seal is affixed in lower left corner, countersigned by Luke E. Wright as Secretary of War. Appears not folded and display well with a massive, large size full “Theodore Roosevelt” signature...................... (600-800)

Handwritten 1845 Letter Signed by Financier Russell Sage

40 RUSSELL SAGE, Financier and Speculator, Credited as the Originator of Stock Market Options. May 22, 1845, Autographed Letter Signed, “Russell Sage,” 1 page plus integral address page, 10” x 8,” with 2 private postal handstamps, Very Good to Fine. This Russell Sage business letter, written at Troy, N.Y. on blue paper, is addressed to Charles M. Connelly in New York City. Sage’s clear signature completes the brief message. The address page has a red oval handstamp reading, “Forwarded by Brainard & Co. from Troy” and a red rectangular handstamp reading, “Collect Six Cents for Hale & Co.” This letter is complete and quite presentable, though it has a damp stain across the center of both pages. A small triangular piece has been cut out of the margin of the address page (not affecting any content) where the wax seal tore away. At the time this letter was written, Sage was a wholesale merchant in Troy. Later he would become a U.S. Congressman and through association with Jay Gould, would become much wealthier. An important autograph in American Business................... (350-450)

“E. Simpson Commander U.S. Navy” Signed CDV Photo

41 US NAVY COMMANDER EDWARD SIMPSON (1824-1888). United States Navy Civil War Commander, and later Rear Admiral. c. 1860s Civil War Period, Carte De Visite, Seated three quarter length Portrait Photograph of United States Navy Civil War Commander (and later Rear Admiral) Edward Simpson, Signed “E. Simpson Commander U.S. Navy,” Choice Extremely Fine to Near Mint. This original, very rare, Signed CDV Photograph measures approximately 2 1/8” x 3 3/8” and is mounted on its original, square corner, gold ruled CDV Card Mount to 2 5/8” x 4”. The portrait is Signed and Inscribed by Commander Simpson on the card mount below the image reading, “E. Simpson Commander U. S. Navy”.

This image was likely taken in 1860 or 1861 while Simpson served afloat in the Brazil Squadron. Printed below the image and on the reverse of the card mount are the photographer’s mark of Courret Hermanos of Lima, Peru and is in excellent condition. The Image exhibits sharp focus, strong contrast and rich tonality. Both the Albumen Photograph and the Card Mount are clean and crisp and very well preserved. The Autograph and inscription is dark and bold and neatly executed. Extremely rare and beautiful in quality........................................................................ (400-500)

Revolutionary War Continental Army General Heman Swift Was With Washington at Valley Forge & Aided Lafayette

42 GENERAL HEMAN SWIFT (1733-1814). Commander of the Seventh Regiment of the “Continental Line” of the Continental Army, personal friend of General George Washington and member of his staff who wintered with him at Valley Forge. At the Battle of Brandywine, September 11, 1777, Col. Swift aided the wounded General Lafayette, and was made a BrigadierGeneral on September 30, 1783. February 14th, 1783-Dated Revolutionary War Period, Autograph Document Signed, “H. Swift Colo 2d Connecticut Regt,” being completely handwritten and signed by Col. Swift, Choice Very Fine. This document measures 8” x 4.5” being well written and easily readable in rich brown ink on period laid paper. It reads, in full:

“Camp Highland Feby ye 14th 1783 —— I Certify that George McKinsey belonged to the late 5th Connecticut Regiment as a Soldier before the first day of January 1780 and before the first day of January 1781 and is now in actual Service in ye 2d Connecticut Regiment. — Certifyed pr — (Signed) H. Swift Colo 2d Connecticut Regt.”

(To) “The Honle Committee of Pay Table Hartford”.

At the Battle of Brandywine, September 11, 1777, Col. Swift removed his sash to wrap it around the waist of a wounded General Lafayette. The bloodstained sash is in the collection at Fraunces Tavern in New York City. Lafayette was so touched by Swift’s gesture that at the end of the war he presented to Swift his epaulets, chapeau, sword, and sash. Swift also fought at Germantown on October 4, 1777, and Wintered at Valley Forge with General George Washington, 1777-1778. There is a famous painting depicting Col. Swift aiding a wounded General Lafayette. A scarce, historic document signed by Revolutionary War General Heman Swift.... ....................................................................................... (475-550)

On March 27, 1758, Heman Swift was commissioned by Thomas Fitch, Governor of Connecticut, first Lieutenant, Ninth Company, under Col. David Worcester, for the invasion of Canada and served through the French and Indian War. In 1777, the Continental Congress established a permanent army assigning each state, based on its size, a quota of regiments. During the Revolutionary War, 27 infantry regiments were assigned to the “Connecticut Line”. These “lines” as a body formed the “Continental Line.” In this new formation, Colonel Heman Swift of Cornwall, Connecticut, was given command of the Seventh Regiment. Colonel Swift was a personal friend of General George Washington and was held by him in high esteem. He was a member of General Washington’s staff and wintered with him at Valley Forge. Swift fought bravely throughout the war and was made a Brigadier-General on September 30, 1783, the year he retired from the military. After the close of the war, from 1789 to 1802, he served as a member of the upper house of the Connecticut State legislature.

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Two Touching Letters by President Taft & His Wife Helen

43 WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT & HELEN H. TAFT. 1. January 2, 1911, Typed Letter Signed, “Wm H Taft,” in fountainpen ink, on “THE WHITE HOUSE” stationery, addressed to John Shaffer of “The Evening Post,” Very Fine. President Taft acknowledges the well-wishes of Shaffer. Letter with original folds and minor soiling. 2. April 8, 1939, Autograph Letter Signed, “Helen H. Taft”, in dark ink on blue, “Wyoming Avenue” letterhead, Washington, DC, and addressed to Edward Ford: “I am very sorry for your sake - And I hope that you will soon be well...,” Very Fine. Accompanied by an original envelope of transmittal, with Helen H. Taft’s Free Franked Signature. (2 items)......................................................................... (400-600)

Limited Edition Set of Two Books Signed “Harry Truman”

Three Original Acts of the Second Congress Signed in Print by George Washington All Three on One Document

45 (GEORGE WASHINGTON). March 2, 1793-Dated, Printed Official Congressional Broadside, 1 page, printed on both face and back, measuring 13” x 8” the first being titled, “An ACT supplementary to the act for the establishment and support of Light-Houses, Beacons, Buoys, and Public Piers.” Signed in type George Washington, as President, Choice Extremely Fine. This Act states, “A continuation of the First Congress’s act of 6 December 1790,” simply noting... “That all expense, which hall accrue from the first day of July next inclusively, for the necessary support, maintenance and repairs of all light-houses, beacons, buoys, the stakeage of channel on the sea-coast, and public piers, shall continue to be defrayed by the United States...” and is also signed by Jonathan Trumbull, as Speaker of the House, and by John Langdon as President Pro Tempore of the US Senate. There is a horizontal center fold split and upper left corner tip having been reinforced with nearly invisible thin archival silk tape.

44 HARRY TRUMAN (1884-1972). Thirty-third President of the United States. July 25, 1961-Dated, Limited Edition Set of Books Signed, “Harry Truman,” his autobiography in two volumes, Memoirs: “Year of Decisions”, Limited Kansas City Edition, Doubleday. Garden City. 1955, and Memoirs: “Years of Trial and Hope.” Doubleday. 1956, Very Fine. Each volume is individually Signed in full, and inscribed: “To Chad Morse with kind regards from Harry Truman 7/25/61”; and “With very best wishes to Chad Morse from Harry Truman in remembrance of a wonderful luncheon he enjoyed.” Both books are bound in black cloth with silver facsimile signatures on front boards, 8.5” x 5.5” with Dust jackets lacking. Both with minor use, evidence of corner bumping. (2 volumes)................................................... (600-800)

General Hugh Mercer (January 17, 1726 – January 12, 1777) was a soldier and physician. He initially served with British forces during the Seven Years War (French and Indian War) but later became a Brigadier General in the Continental Army. He was a close friend to General George Washington. Mercer died as a result of his wounds received at the Battle of Princeton and became a fallen hero and rallying symbol of the American Revolution.

Woodrow Wilson and Wife Edith’s Signed Letters 46 WOODROW WILSON & EDITH BOLLING WILSON. 1. November 9, 1912, Typed Letter Signed, “Woodrow Wilson,” in fountain-pen ink, on his watermarked, personal stationery, at Trenton, NJ, 9.75” x 8”, Choice Extremely Fine. Addressed to Andrew Freeman of New York City, acknowledging Freeman’s message of Congratulation. One vertical fold through “W” of Woodrow Wilson’s first name, from the envelope insertion. 2. December 27, 1934, Autograph Letter Signed, “Edith Bolling Wilson,” in black ink on S Street stationery, Washington, DC, two pages on a folded sheet, 6.5” x 4.75”, Choice Very Fine. To Mrs. Charles Warren, of Washington, sending her Christmas and New Year’s greetings. Includes her original hand-addressed envelope of transmittal. A lovely, beautifully written and flowing personal letter. (3 items)......................................................................... (500-600)

Page 20

The other side has two short Printed Acts. The second Act is titled, “An ACT for the relief of Simeon Thayer” and the third, “An ACT providing an annual allowance for the Education of Hugh Mercer.” This was to help support the SON of the famous Hero and Revolutionary War General, who was killed in action at Princeton. Both of these acts have the same printed signatures, including George Washington at their respective conclusions. This scarce, three Congressional Act document is quite attractive, being nicely printed in black upon clean, period laid paper. A historic set of three official Acts that would display nicely. (1,200-1,600)

Colonial America

War of 1812 Levin Winder Signed Maryland Commission

1719 Summons of a Woman Accused of Giving Birth Within Five Months of Marriage Committing Fornication!

47 LEVIN WINDER (September 4, 1757– July 1, 1819). 14th Governor of the State of Maryland, from 1812 to 1816. During the Revolutionary War, he was appointed Major of the 4th Maryland Regiment, attaining Lieutenant Colonel at war’s end. After the war, he served with the Maryland militia at the rank of Brigadier General. He also served in the Maryland House of Delegates from 1789 to 1793. May 31, 1813-Dated War of 1812 Period, Partially-Printed Document Signed, “Lev Winder,” as Governor, Very Fine. This is an original State of Maryland Militia Commission made to “Sheppard C. Leakin, Captain of a Company in the Sixth Regiment of the Militia of this State in the City of Baltimore.” This impressive document measures about 9.5” x 14.5” including its large outer margins. There is a virtually invisible fine thin archival reinforcement strip placed along the vertical centerfold on the blank reverse over some small splits and fold holes, plus one small hole at the right central border and having some scattered minor tone. It is nicely printed in black script text upon laid period paper that has a central watermark “I I I”, with a decorative outer border design and completed in rich brown ink. The large bold brown signature “Lev Winder” measuring a large 2.25” long at the lower right. A rarely encountered, historic War of 1812, Levin Winder signed Maryland military Commission.... ....................................................................................... (400-500)

49 October 30th, 1719-Dated Early Colonial Period, Manuscript Document Signed, “E Brenton” as Clerk, to the Sheriff or Constables of Dartmouth, County of Bristol (Massachusetts), Regarding a Legal Writ Summons for Fornication, About Fine. This is a truly classic, historic Colonial American “Blue Laws” Document dated in 1719. It concerns the Legal Summons of a woman accused of giving birth to a baby, within five months of her marriage, and thus committing the illegal and immoral Act of fornication.

It has some heavy age tone along much of the far left side, having some minor edge and fold chips and small splits mostly away from the text. The majority, being about 80% or so is quite clean and easily readable, being well written on clean period laid paper. This outstanding period content handwritten document reads, in full:

“Bristol - To the Sherriff of s[ai]d County of Bristol his under Sherriff or Deputy Or either of the Constables of Dartmouth Greeting - In his Majesties Name you are hereby required to summon Mary the Wife of Nathaniel Sherman of a witness village in - Dartmouth that the officer at the Court of Genl. Sessions of s[ai]d place to be held at Bristol for s[ai]d County on s[aid] second Tuesday of January next to answer to a presentation of s[ai]d Grand jury. Exhibitted against her for having a Child Born of her body within five months after marriage etc. Do & perform what by s[ai]d course she shall be ordered & not to depart, the land without service: faile not & make return hereof with your doings thereon unto s[ai]d Court Dated att Bristol this thirtyith Day of October in s[ai]d Ninth year of his Majesties Reign Anno Domini 1719 - E. Brenton Cler[k]”

The reverse is docketed “Sherman’s Sum[m]ons” with a written statement “by virtue of this with thin written menched (mentioned) summons I have summoned the person whose name is with thin this sum[m]ons mentioned upon the 6th day of this Instant January: 1720. - Henry Samson Constable”

A very scarce, truly wonderful and important example, showing the Puritans harsh demands and their stringent religious beliefs that often led to severe consequences for one’s personal and moral behavior......................................................................... (700-800)

Great-grandson of 1620 Mayflower Pilgrim Leader at Plymouth and Massachusetts Governor Edward Winslow 48 EDWARD WINSLOW, Sr. (1713-84). Revolutionary War Tory, Brother of Major General John Winslow (French and Indian War) and the Father of the Co-founder (and Governor) of New Brunswick, Canada. November 11, 1770-Dated, Partially-Printed Document Signed, “Edward Winslow, Sr.,” as Clerk, at Plimouth (Plymouth), MA., Very Fine. This 1 page, 5.5” x 7.75” Document being a Legal Court Order Writ, ordering the sheriff to attach the goods of John Jones of Plymouth, to help ensure that Jones would show at court to answer a legal complaint instituted by Nathaniel Goodwin of Plymouth regarding a debt owed to him. This order is from the Court of Common Pleas, with the Chief Justice at the time being Edward Winslow’s own brother, General John Winslow. There is some traces of archival silk and heavy prior glue mounting traces on the reverse right and left side edges. The original red wax Seal is intact, being overall very well printed upon laid watermarked period paper, and is completed in rich brown ink the is easily readable. The signature “Edward Winslow, Sr.,” is particularly nice, being deep bold brown, large and vivid. Edward Winslow, Sr. (1713-84) was the Great-grandson of 1620 Mayflower Pilgrim Leader at Plymouth, and Massachusetts Governor Edward Winslow. Edward Winslow (October 18, 1595 – May 8, 1655) was an English Pilgrim leader on the Mayflower. He served as the Governor of Plymouth Colony in 1633, 1636, and finally in 1644. His testimony in Mourt’s Relation is one of only two primary sources of the “First Thanksgiving” in existence...... ....................................................................................... (600-900)

Edward Winslow Sr., was the great-grandson of Governor Edward Winslow (1595-1654), who came to Plymouth on the ship Mayflower in 1620, and served as an intermediary with the Indians.

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“1730” Dated Engraved Large German Pewter Tankard

50 1730-Dated, Hand-Engraved Large German Pewter Tankard, 9” Tall x 6” Base, Choice Very Fine. This is a wonderful, decorative European, early 18th Century German Pewter Tankard, with engraved initials and date, “MAH 1730 FG”. There is an engraved landscape, accomplished in wriggle work, with a design of a woman at a well and a hunter, and dated “1730.” The lid has a 1.5” high applied decorative medallion. There is a well done repair to the neck hinge. This large early tankard is the type and style that was brought to the American Colonies and used in homes and taverns. This example is in very nice condition having no major marks or defects, and would be excellent for any Colonial period display............................................................................ (700-900)

Pewter Flagon Hallmarked “I (J) DOREY A CAEN - 1763”

51 1763-Dated Colonial Era, Lidded Pewter Flagon, Hallmarked “I (J) DOREY A CAEN - 1763,” Impressed initials “FP”, Very Fine. Dated 1763, this early Pewter piece measures about 7” tall x 5” wide, with its original lid and handle still fully intact, having a pleasing pewter color surface patina. The top lid has several Hallmark punches, including one reading “I (J) DOREY A CAEN - 1763”. This being for the maker, French pewtersmith Jacques Dorey of Caen, France, who was operating around the middle of the eighteenth century. The marking shows a central Royal Crown over a crescent having a star within its design. A second mark, which is weakly struck and thus partly obscured, shows “CAEN” and a similar date. Impressed initials “F P” are likely for an early owner. The thumb latch consists of two full dimensional ornate acorn devices. There are some minor surface dents and abrasions being overall a great example of an American use piece that is excellent for display....................................................... (600-900) Page 22

1734 Colonial New York Palding and Banker Families Deed

52 May 6, 1734-Dated Colonial New York, Manuscript Document, Ornate Land Deed Indenture, Choice Very Fine. This is a beautifully scribed and written large size Manuscript Deed, measuring approximately 13” wide and 16.5” tall, boldly and clearly written upon laid period paper, a few trivial expected folds, having excellent signatures and original red wax seals, dated 1734. It is from Colonial New York, and is connected with the prominent Palding and Banker families. The text reads, in part: “This Indenture Made the Sixth Day of May in the seventh year of the Reign of our Sovreign, Lord, George the Second by the grace of God, of Great Brittan France & Ireland, King Defender of the Faith: and in the Year of our Lord, one Thousand seven hundred & thirty-four, Between Abraham Palding of the City of New York, Cartman & Mary... his Wife of the one part, and Christopher Banker of the same City Merchant of the other Part...” that involves the sale of “two Lotts of ground... for the sum of Twenty One Poundes ten shillings curr.t money of New York, as by Deed of Conveyance from Frederick Willems & Mary Jo his Wife...” The property described includes land as, “All that certain Lott of Ground No. 14, Being one of the Lots above mentioned, Situated, lying, & being in Montgomerie Ward within the said City, On the east Side of Queens Street, which leads to Freshward, Bounded westward by the sd. Queen Street...” plus much more. Abraham Paulding (Palding) born c. 1697, is listed as the family name of Joost Palding, his father, who arrived from Cassant, Holland in 1664. His signature appears in the 1710 records of the Old Dutch Church in Westchester County, correctly spelled “Palding.” There are also signatures of both Joseph and Abraham Palding in the 1737 New York City census. One feature that makes this Colonial era manuscript even more interesting are the signatures of the women who use an “X” signatures as their marks, including Rebeca Montaigna and Mary Palding. There are two original red wax seals by the signatures of Abram Palding and his wife Mary. Edward Pomant is also signed as one of the witnesses. This highly ornate, authentic document was written in 1734 and is in an excellent state of preservation. A historic, very impressive looking early New York City manuscript document that presents beautifully for display.............. (500-600)

1739 Land Transfer at Southold, Long Island, New York

53 March 17, 1739-Dated, Manuscript Document Signed, “John Arnold,” with his Red Wax Seal, Choice Fine. This historic, early Colonial New York original legal document is dated in 1739. Here, John Armstrong of Southold, Long Island has sold to John Griffin also of Southold, land by the Sawmill Creek in Southold. It is Signed by John Armstrong,plus Sarah Wood and Thomas Wood as witness. This large official legal Document measures 15” x 12” having some mild expected tone and folds, else in overall nice shape and easily readable, with clearly written text on period laid paper. A nice early Colonial New York document that would be very nice for display.................................................. (300-400)

1760 Benjamin Franklin “The Pennsylvania Gazette” Issue

“... Begatt me with Child, of a Bastard Child which I am now Pregnant...I Pray that you would give out a Warrent” 56 March 3, 1774-Dated Pre Revolutionary War Period, Manuscript Legal Court Document, Official Complaint and Testimony regarding the Father of an expected Bastard Child, Choice Very Fine. This wonderful content, historic 7.5” x 9.25” Colonial American Manuscript was written in 1774 as true copy of a legal examination, as there were no Xerox machines or carbon paper for duplicate copies in the day. It is very well written upon handmade laid period paper which has the paper makers watermark, and is in excellent condition. This official court copy concerns, in part:

“The Book of The Courts of Welthy Pratts Complaint and Examination. Bristol: To Ephraim Leonard Esq one of His Majestys Justices of The Peace A Complaint of me The Subscriber Welthy Pratt of The District of Mansfield in The County of Bristol a Single Woman in His Majestys behalf Against Job Brintnell of said Mansfield A Minor (Son of Nathaniel Brintnell Late of Mansfield Deceased) for That The said Job brintnell at said Mansfield sometime in The Forepart of November last according to the best of my Rememberance Begatt me with Child of a Bastard Child which I am now Pregnant with and I Pray that you would give out a Warrent against The said Job Brintnell so That He May be Dealt With as The Law in this Case Directs Signed Wealthy Pratt Mansfield March The 2nd 1774. — A True Copy of The Complaint Attest - Ephm Leonard Justice of The Peace. Bristol Memorandum That at Mansfield on The 3rd Day of March 1774 The above Named Wealthy Pratt appeared and was Examined upon Oath concerning Her being with Child of a Bastard Child The above named Job Brintnell being Present.Question The First Are you with Child of Bastard Child Answer — YES. Question The second who Begatt you with Child of The Bastard Child that you are now Pregnant with Answer — Job Brintnell. Question The Third When was you Begatt with Child Answer — Sometime in The forepart of The Month of November last according to The Best of my Rememberance. Sworne and Examined by me Ephm Leonard, Justice of The Peace.”

This intense legal examination by the court and lodging of a complaint was officially the first step that one had to take in order to receive some Welfare from the town, giving the town a way to make the alleged father, Job Brintnell, responsible to make payment instead of the town towards the welfare of the mother and expected bastard baby................................................................... (600-800)

1776 “Innholder” License Dartmouth in Massachusetts Bay

55 (BENJAMIN FRANKLIN). July 10, 1760-Dated, No. 1646, Philadelphia, PA. Colonial American Newspaper, Printed by B. Franklin. July 10, 1760-Dated. No. 1646. Philadelphia, PA. This is a scarce printing of a very historic Colonial American Newspaper, “The Pennsylvania Gazette,” on the bottom of the back page reading, “Printed by B. Franklin, Post-Master, and D. Hall, at the New Printing Office, near the Market.,” Choice Very Fine. It has a three-column layout, 4 pages, measuring 15.5” x 10”, disbound with a rough, irregular left spine with significant separation. There is a period notation written in brown below the masthead which reads, “Almost all the Newspaper - missed in this year.”

The print quality is excellent, being sharp and deep black. The subtitle of the masthead reads, “Containing the freshest Advices, Foreign and Domestick.” With news from abroad, a few woodcut illustrations, as well as numerous advertisements for land, various goods, services, notices of Runaways of Servants and Slaves and other ads. The final ad on the back page reads, “To Be SOLD - A LIKELY young Negroe Wench. She can wash and iron, and is a very good Cook. Enquire at the New-Printing Office.” (Ben Franklin’s Shop)......................................................... (900-1,200)

57 M a r c h 1 1 , 1 7 7 6 - D a t e d Revolutionary War Period, Manuscript Document, Court License for a Public House, Town of Dartmouth, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Very Choice Very Fine. This well written and very clean official Document, 1 page, measuring 8” x 8.5” being executed in the historic year of 1776. It is is on handmade period laid paper and is in clean, pleasing overall condition.

“To The Honoured Court of General Sessions of The Peace to be Holden at Taunton on The Second Tuesday of March Instant. Then may inform your Hon’s That The Widow Mary Shearman was recommended by us The Subscribers at this Court of Sessions as a Person Suitable for an Innholder in The Town of Dartmouth in The Massachusetts Bay Colony in New England but not being able to make application her self employed another Person to do it for Her who Neglected it and that by that means did not get Licensed. We The Subscribers Judge it necessary sd House should be Licensed as it stands in a Public Place & has been Improved as aq Public House this some Years, would therefore Pray your Hon’s She may be Licensed at This Term. Dartmouth March 11 1776 Signed William Tallman & Jabor Barker Jn. Selectmen Town of Dartmouth.”

On Verso it States Mary Shearmans Appropriation...... (300-400) Page 23

Colonial Era Walnut and Brass Wax Seal Stamp

54 c. 1760 Colonial Era Wax Seal Stamp, Choice Extremely Fine. This is an original walnut and brass, handmade Wax Seal Stamp, of about 3” long. It has an early decorative and ornate turned walnut handle, and the brass wax seal stamp is about .5” long. The brass end which leaves an impression resembles that of a round patch with a mesh pattern of small points. This example is in really great, museum quality condition.................................... (275-350)

American Revolution British Parliment “An Act for punishing Mutiny and Desertion... better Payment of the Army and their quarters, and for extending... to His Majesty’s Marine Forces in America.”

Rare Early New York Revolutionary War Era Map Reprint

59 November 29, 1774 continued October 26, 1775 Revolutionary War Period, First Edition, King George III British Imprint, An Act Extending a Previous Act titled, “An Act for punishing Mutiny and Desertion, and for the better Payment of the Army and their quarters, and for extending the Provisions of the said Act to His Majesty’s Marine Forces in America.” London, Printed in 1776 by Charles Eyre and William Strahan, 12” x 7.5”, 4 pages, Choice Near Mint. This original Printed Act has 4 pages, measures 12” x 7.5” is boldly printed on bright, clean, crisp period paper, in Choice Near Mint condition. It is more fully titled, “An Act for punishing Mutiny and Desertion, and for the better Payment of the Army and their quarters, and for extending the Provisions of the said Act to His Majesty’s Marine Forces in America.” with British Royal coat of arms upon its front. It is in excellent, fresh clean quality, having choice eye appeal. This Act was passed by the Parliament which began on November 29, 1774 and ran until October 26, 1775. Given the state of American and British relations at this time, particularly in Boston, Massachusetts, “it has been found necessary that the said Act should be continued for a further term...” A most historic, truly provocative early Revolutionary War period British document, in superb condition.......................................................... (800-1,000)

Revolutionary War Era Pewter Officers “Whistle” 58 (1781-Dated) New York Revolutionary War Map, c. 1870 Early Hand-colored Reprint, Placed Upon A 20” x 12” Wooden Presentation Mount For Display, Very Fine. This is a very early c. 1870 Early Hand-colored Reprint of this important 1781 Revolutionary War Map of New York. It is full titled, “CHART and PLAN of the HARBOUR of NEW YORK & the County Adjacent, From SANDY HOOK to KINGSBRIDGE. Comprehending the WHOLE of NEW YORK and STATEN ISLANDS, and PART of LONG ISLAND & the JERSEY SHORE: And SHEWING the DEFENCES of NEW YORK. Both by Land and Sea. Published in London, November 30, 1781 by J. Bew.”

The central printed Map itself measures 10.75” x 18” being Handcolored and mounted to a 20” x 12” gold painted decorative wooden presentation frame. There is light surface wear, yet is very detailed, identifying each Fort, various major Towns and British General Howes troop landings. This historic early reprint was produced c. 1870 for the “Manual of the Common Council of New York”. With an original being worth thousands of dollars, this near century and a half old special presentation is worthy of once again being placed on display........................................................... (500-700) Page 24

60 c. 1775 Revolutionary War Era, Military Officers Whistle, Made in Pewter, Choice Very Fine. This original Revolutionary War Era Whistle, measures about 2” long. It is made out of Pewter and is very similar in style to several others we have offered over the years. This type of whistle was used for signaling, alarms, giving drill and other commands to the soldiers. This whistle is whole, solid and complete having no damage, with a nice natural patina. It has a small hole in the neck for wearing on a lanyard. We have sold others, including a couple made out of horn and pewter in the past, selling in the $250 to $400 range. This is a museum quality Military Officers Whistle that would be excellent for any period display............................................................................ (300-400)

Rare Identified Revolutionary War Handmade by Lieutenant William Murray Horn Cartridge Box of Museum Quality

61 c. 1775 Revolutionary War Period, Handmade Horn Cartridge Box, Identified to American Soldier Lieutenant William Murray of New York, Very Fine. This is an authentic, New York, handmade Horn Cartridge Box that was very likely carried all through the Revolutionary War by Lieutenant William Murray. He served as a soldier from the Battle of Montreal in 1775 throughout the Revolutionary War, right up to the battle and surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown, Virginia in 1783. It measures 3 3/16” tall x 2 7/8” wide at the bottom and is 37/8” wide at the top. The top lid opens back with four small metal arms that are attached to the back of the lid to its top, at the back of the box for ease of opening. Hand Carved into the front central design is “WM” (over) “MURRAY”. There is a horn arm on the back, which is slightly open on its bottom to facilitate being attached to a belt for carrying. This original Cartridge Box in very good, yet well used condition. The hand engraved name of William Murray on the front is faint, both from age and wear from hard actual usage, still it remains quite visible and fairly easy to read. It is stated that this piece was bought by James Dunn in 1936, along with his musket powder horn in Ticonderoga, New York, from a local historian whose family had lived on the lake since before the Revolutionary War, who had collected artifacts from that area. William Murray was from Schenectady, New York. He enlisted in 1775 in Captain Cornelius Van Dyck’s New York Company, which served under the American General Montgomery’s command. He took part in the American invasion of Canada and in the Battles of St. John’s, Chamblee, and Montreal Canada. In the Spring of 1777 he enlisted in Captain Robert McKean Company and served while taking part in the Battles of Monmouth, and the Battle and siege of Yorktown, Virginia. Murray was present and a part of the ceremonies of Lord Cornwallis’ famous surrender at Yorktown, Virginia. He served until June 8, 1783 when he was officially discharged from the American army. This historic horn comes with a family letter from Dunn’s grand daughter who inherited his very large collection of over 1500 artifacts from this area & historical research. A remarkable original artifact with a great history that spans virtually the entire American Revolutionary War period. It is identified to the specific owner, and is certainly an item of museum display quality.... (800-1,000)

Hessian Mercenary Revolutionary War Era Artillery Badge

62 c. 1775 Revolutionary War Period. Artillery Badge. Hessian (German Mercenary) Troops. Cast Bronze. With its Original Shank. Choice Very Fine. This original, whole and complete bronze Badge, was used by the Hessians (eighteenth-century German regiments in service with the British Empire as mercenary troops) brought across the Atlantic during the American Revolutionary War to serve the British Crown. They actively took part in major battles of the Revolutionary War (1775-1783), perhaps the most notable being the Battle of Trenton, New Jersey. This example is in very nice impressive condition with excellent details and a lovely, natural rich patina. An excellent example for display...... ....................................................................................... (300-400)

Original Revolutionary War Officers Iron Camp Stove

63 c. 1775 Revolutionary War Period, Officers Hand-forged Iron Camp Stove, Very Fine. This is an original and very rare, Revolutionary War Era Military Camp Stove, made and used circa 1775. The consignor states that this stove was acquired from a major Revolutionary War Collection. This type of stove can be found in the “Collector’s Illustrated Encyclopedia of the American Revolution” by George C. Neumann & Frank J. Kravic, as shown and listed on page 95. That description reads, “Portable iron brazier which held coals in the bottom for a variety of uses, e.g. heating wig curling irons, cooking or just adding heat to a room or hut.”

This rare Camp Stove measures approximately 8.5” x 8.5” and is 7” high. The overall length with the handle measures approximately 13.25” long. Its condition is very good for its age having an expected slight surface rust original patina on the Hand-forged heavy iron surfaces. The wooden handle is lacking while the top grate lifts properly and is well attached. Overall, this is a most attractive original Hand-forged Iron Camp Stove from the Revolutionary War. It is the best example we have offered, and thus would be excellent for any historic Revolutionary War period display........ .................................................................................... (800-1,000)

Revolutionary War Era Bullet Mold With Original Handles 64 c. 1776 Revolutionary War Era, Bullet Mold, Brass, with its Original Wooden Handles Intact, Choice Very Fine. This nice quality, original Revolutionary War Era, 4.25” long Bullet Mold is said to have been from an Amherst, New Hampshire estate collection. Diameter of lead ball is approximately 10 mm. It is hallmarked “87” at the top outer left brass rim. The original wooden handles are present with one having a small .75” hairline crack remaining solid and whole, with a wonderful, original patina from actual use. A really nice complete example that would display very well........................................................................ (300-400)

Page 25

1777 American Revolutionary War Rhode Island Laws Etc.

65 August 1777-Dated Revolutionary War, Imprint, of the Rhode Island, General Assembly, Signed in Print by “Nicholas Cooke, Governor,” regarding Acts and Laws, Providence, Printed by John Carter, Choice Very Fine. This is a very scarce, original Revolutionary War Imprint, Rhode Island, by the General Assembly, dated August 1777. Its header reads, in part: “At the General Assembly of the Governor and Company of the State of Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations, begun and holden by Adjournment, at Providence, within and for the State aforesaid, on Monday the Eighteenth Day of August, in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy-seven.” This historic Imprint has 22 pages, measures 12.5” x 8” (310 x 200 mm), being string bound with the embossed paper State Seal at the top left corner. It is somewhat worn, specially at spine with some very minor marginal edge splits, loss on the Seal, most pages a bit rough at the top of spine. The final page is replaced by mid-twentieth century library facsimile, and has an older library inventory label at bottom of front page (easily removable). Overall, this period imprint has internally choice, crisp pages that are bright and clean, with significant original press text embossing within, thus in excellent condition. The legislation passed included a provision for a paid Bounty for the “Fifteen Months Brigade or Boat Service...”; Price Fixing for certain articles necessary for the army including rum, sugar, and coffee; funding for clothing for the soldiers; the reassignment of town meeting places for Whig inhabitants of occupied Newport and like towns; an Act “to prevent the distilling into any kind of Spirits whatever, Wheat, Indian Corn, Rye, Barley, Oats, or Cider” in order to ensure a food supply for the state and the army; and much, much more fine historic Revolutionary War content. Very Rare. Evans 15568; Alden, Rhode Island, 691; OCLC 191270563...... ....................................................................................... (500-600)

1778 Revolutionary War Soldiers Manuscript Enlistment “for the Preservation of the liberties of America...”

66 June 8, 1778-Dated Revolutionary War, Manuscript Document Signed, “Jacob Walker,” of Scituate, Rhode Island, Very Fine. This is a rare, original and fully authentic Revolutionary War Enlistment Paper, measuring about 5.5” x 8” for Jacob Walker of Scituate, Rhode Island, dated June 8, 1778. This Document is for the Enlistment of Jacob Walker as a soldier into the military service from Rhode Island, and “for the Preservation of the liberties of America and the defense of the United States in general and for this State in particular.” This enlistment is dated from 8 June 1778 and the term of service is to last until the 16th of March 1779, “unless sooner Discharged.” It’s headed “Scituate” and dated on its reverse, which also bears Jacob Walker’s signature at the bottom. This historic enlistment is in very clear and readable condition, with a clean centerfold tear and a 2” tear in the horizontal fold at right being reinforced with scrap book paper around its edges. The ink is bold brown and very legible. It reads, in full:

“I the subscriber do hereby solemnly engage and inlist my self as a soldier in the pay of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantation for the preservation of the liberties of America and the defence of the United States in general and for this State in particular from the day of my inlistment untill the Sixteenth Day of March in the year of our lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy nine unless sooner discharged by the general assembly of said State and hereby promise to submit myself to all the orders and Regulations of the army and faithfully to observe and obey all such orders as I shall receive from time to time from my officers. — Witness my hand this Eighth Day of June in the year of our lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy eight. — (Signed) Jacob Walker” The reverse reads: “Scituate June 8th Day 1778 - Recd of Isaac Hopkins twenty pound LM for inlisting as a Soldier into the Service of State of Rhoede Island and Providence Plantations as witness my hand. - Jacob Walker”

This is Jacob Walker was born c. 1753 and died in 1822. He had settled on a farm in the neighboring town of Foster, Rhode Island and is buried in the Paine Lot, on Paine Road, in that town (no doubt named after the famous Revolutionary War writer and Patriot, Thomas Paine), his wife was Hannah Chase c. 1758-1839. This is a historic and excellent, original American Revolutionary War enlistment document that is rarely encountered so complete in its text, and pleasing in quality..................................... (1,200-1,500)

c. 1780 Silver Hilted Revolutionary War Officer’s Sword

67 c. 1780 Revolutionary War Era, Silver Mounted Hunting Sword, appearance of Hungarian or Polish Royalty in its Design, 23.5” overall, 18.25” decorated blade, Fine. This is an original, Revolutionary War Era fancy design, high quality Sword, that is typical in style as would be also carried by a higher ranking military officer. The style of the Silver cross-guard, ferrule and washer, and button top pommel, with an overall appearance of Hungarian/Polish royal family in style. It is hallmarked on both sides of the cross guard. The ebony grip has an ornate spiral groove design. The blade is straight with a shallow groove on both sides once past the four inches of flat metal, upon which are several hand engraved designs including; “Winged Angels” on either side, plus a “Running Boar” and “Stag.” There is light even pitting along the blades full length and retains much original patina. There are two fine lengthwise cracks to the ebony grip, one being the full length, the other half way through the grip. The pommel cap shows some typical wear, is completely original, and is fully intact. A very original condition, important addition of a late 18th century Sword, quite typical in its use at the time as an American Revolutionary War Era ranking military officer’s weapon............... ................................................................................................................................................................................................................(1,600-1,800) Page 26

Revolutionary War British Crown Badge-Emblem In Brass

Exceedingly Rare Revolutionary War Military Document Certifying the Official Awarding of the “Badge of Merit”

Lot 68

Lot 69

68 c, 1780 Revolutionary War Period, British Crown BadgeEmblem. Brass. from Charleston, SC, Choice Very Fine. This is an obvious British Crown Design, Badge-Emblem or perhaps a partial cartridge box plate decorative piece. It is certainly of the Revolutionary War era. It was stated to have been found in an early known British military location in Charleston, SC. A wonderful, original relic of the American Revolutionary War and the British occupation of Charleston. It is about the size of a quarter, 1” x .75” in solid brass and is quite handsome with nice natural patina having an open design of the Crown. A great relic that will fit into your Revolutionary War collection, having nice details which will look great on display...................................................... (300-400)

c, 1780 Charleston, SC Excavated “British Crown” Badge 69 c, 1780 Revolutionary War Period. British Crown BadgeEmblem. Excavated from Charleston, SC.. White metal. Very Good. This is an obvious “British Crown” designed BadgeEmblem, or perhaps a partial cartridge box plate. In any event it is a small decorative piece, measuring .75” x .5” with some expected roughness to its outer surfaces. It is certainly of the Revolutionary War era, stated to have been found in an early military location in Charleston, SC. A wonderful, original relic of the American Revolutionary War and the British occupation of Charleston....... ....................................................................................... (250-300)

Charleston, S.C. Revolutionary War British Decorative Clip

71 c. June 1783 Revolutionary War Period, Partially-Printed Document, No Date or Place, Certifying the Official Military Award of the “Badge of Merit,” from General George Washington, to Thomas Halsey, Signed by Colonel P. Cortlandt of the New York, Very Fine. This remarkable, exceedingly rare Partially-Printed small form measures 5.25” x 2.75” and was issued about June of 1783, being the date that General George Washington authorized certain soldiers to receive this special Award. This Official Military Document is Certifying the awarding of the “Badge of Merit” to, “THE above Thomas Halsey - has been honored with the Badge of Merit for Six Years faithful Service.” and Signed by “P. Cortlandt, Col.” It is boldly printed in deep black upon clean period laid paper. There is an extensive manuscript note on the otherwise blank reverse side (dated at New York in 1799) which appears totally unrelated. THOMAS HALSEY is listed as being an Enlisted Soldier in Colonel Josiah Smith’s New York Regiment of Suffolks County Militia, Captain Peirson’s Company, signed as part of the Company of Minute men of Bridgehampton mustered according to the regulations of the Provincial Congress of New York, training on May 29, 1775. This being further recorded and documented on June 17, 1776. Halsey continued his service for a full Six Years throughout the course of the American Revolutionary War. This is an extremely rare, completely authentic, original Revolutionary War Period printed military certification of the historic “Badge of Merit” Award having been issued to Thomas Halsey by George Washington. This “Badge of Merit” Award Certification form being one of only two we have ever seen........ ................................................................................. (3,500-4,000)

Charleston, South Carolina Discovered “Liberty Cap” Pin

70 c. 1780 Revolutionary War Period, British Decorative Metal Clip, Brass, Very Fine. This original, undoubtedly rare Revolutionary War period Hand-forged decorative brass clip, is said to have been found in a Charleston, South Carolina ex: military site. It appears to have been a clip or type of buckle. It has the nice original color with a light natural surface patina. The bottom lip has been partially curled, two small clips are at top, overall being whole and solid. The decorative design work on this piece is extensive for its overall size, with a large British Crown at the central portion. An unusual, interesting and quite attractive item that would look nice in any collection or display.......... (300-400)

72 Revolutionary War to Federal Era. Decorative Political Pin or Badge. “Liberty Cap” Design. Brass. No Date or Maker. Excavated. Fine. According to the consignor, this item was Discovered in Charleston, South Carolina. This unique styled decorative Political Pin or Badge has a basic “Liberty Cap” design with a decorative thin outer double border rim. It measures a nice 2.75” tall x 2.25” wide at its base. It appears to have once had decorative purpose and there are two partial attachment point for a vertically attached pin (missing), as there are some flecks of soil material indicating excavation. A very nice, highly unusual and possibly unique discovery of an American Revolutionary War theme to Federal era piece from Charleston, SC. We can only speculate as we have never seen another......................................................... (300-400) Page 27

George Washington Related Hand-Painted Miniature of George Washington On Ivory

Lot 73

Lot 74

1785 British Lt-General Hugh Earl Percy Engraved Portrait 73 September 30, 1785-Dated Engraved Portrait of British Earl, Percy, Historic Revolutionary War Era Military Figure, Published by John Fielding, London, 1785, Choice Crisp Mint. This original print measures 7.5” x 4.5”, being a Plate or Frontispiece from a period British magazine. Hugh Percy (1742 - 1817), was a British Earl with the military rank of Colonel. He famously led the “relief column” at the Battle of Lexington and Concord. Percy’s intelligent actions probably saved the British forces from complete disaster that day. Percy’s illegitimate half brother was James Smithson whose bequest founded the Smithsonian Institution. An exceptional quality period engraved portrait of British Earl Percy.......................................... (350-400)

76 c. 1790s Post-Revolutionary War Era, George Washington Portrait Likeness, Oval Hand-Painted Miniature On Ivory, Framed, Very Fine. This original Hand-Painted Miniature on Ivory measures about 2.75” tall x 2.25” wide and is housed in a period black painted wooden frame, having a decorative brass interior surround, to 5” x 4.5”. This painted portrait is not dated, yet there is a very light artist’s signature “ViValaro” (?) at the rim edge just above the right shoulder. This artist is likely not an American for if he were, it would certainly have had a more accurate portrait of George Washington in his military uniform. There is some flaking of the paint, mostly at the extreme left central rim edge, showing some of the underlying white ivory. The Portrait is shows him in a high color military uniform jacket that is blue in color, having gilt lace trim and a red inner liner with a black silk shirt beneath. ................................................................................. (2,800-3,600)

Rare 1786 Engraved Portrait of British Army Captain Asgill 74 April 1, 1786-Dated, Engraved Portrait of British Army Captain Asgill, Historic Revolutionary War Era Military Figure Published by J. Fielding, London, 1786, Choice Crisp Mint. This original print measures 7.5” x 4.5” being a Plate or Frontispiece from a period British magazine. Charles Asgill (1762 - 1823), was a British Army Captain in the 1st Foot Guards, now called The Grenadier Guards, under Lord Cornwallis. Following the capitulation of Yorktown, Virginia, in October 1781, he became a prisoner of war............................................................ (350-400)

Rare Type George Washington Portrait Pinback Badge

“JOURNALS OF EACH PROVINCIAL CONGRESS OF MASSACHUSETTS IN 1774 AND 1775” 1838 Publication

77 c. 1830. Decorative Pinback Badge. George Washington Portrait. White Metal or Tin. Lacking pin. Very Fine. This original Pinback Badge is 1.25” (35mm) in diameter. This is the very first example of this very rare style Pinback Badge we have encountered. It has a central printed engraved early portrait of George Washington facing left, surrounded by an outer wide border that has numerous decorative devices. There is some chipping and tone to the paper at the outer edges of the central portrait, not affecting the image itself. A wonderful, extremely rare piece that is most certainly missing in virtually every Washingtonia collection. .................................... (275-350)

75 1838-Dated, First Edition Book entitled, “THE JOURNALS OF EACH PROVINCIAL CONGRESS OF MASSACHUSETTS IN 1774 AND 1775 AND OF THE COMMITTEE OF SAFETY,...” Published under the supervision of William Lincoln in Boston, by Dutton and Wentworth, Fine. This is a very rare, original First Edition printing of this title from 1838, measuring 9.5” x 6.25”. It has 779 pages that are leather-bound, with red and gilt impressed titled binding on its spine. It contains a discussion of events subsequent to the Battle of Lexington and Concord, and the end portion of its title reads: “...WITH AN APPENDIX, CONTAINING THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE COUNTY CONVENTIONS – NARRATIVES OF THE EVENTS OF THE NINETEENTH OF APRIL, 1775 – PAPERS RELATING TO TICONDEROGA AND CROWN POINT, AND OTHER DOCUMENTS, ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION.”

The binding is tight. There is some wear to external binding with one .5” tear to the bottom edge and wear from use to the outer leather cover. Some very light age and foxing throughout and minor water stains taht are not very distracting. The frontis has a wonderful decorative device near bottom displaying a Seal surrounding the Paul Revere engraved vignette of the 1775 Minuteman with his “Sword In Hand” and a copy of the “MAGNA CHARTA” held in his other. This being similar in the vignette style to that was used on some issues of Massachusetts Colonial Currency, that were engraved by Paul Reeve during the Revolutionary War years of 1775 and 1776. A rarely encountered historic book with superb content about the American Revolutionary War........... (350-400) Page 28

Rare Engraved Profile Portrait of George Washington, Esq.

78 1796-Dated Post Revolutionary War Period, Engraved Profile Portrait of George Washington, Esq. - President of the United States...,” Framed, Choice Crisp Near Mint. This is an extremely fine quality, very rare original and handsome engraved profile of President George Washington, taken... “From his Profile taken in 1791”, noted in the printed text as “Published by J. Easton, Salisbury, 1796”. This being the original, first printing with the slightly weak 1796 date. A similar, but later version of this print sold recently (August 30, 2009) at an online auction for $750. This original being far more rare and valuable. It is nicely matted and framed within black painted wood with gilt inner trim. The print itself appears virtually pristine, measuring about 5.5” x 4” (sight) and framed to 9.25” x 7.5” being ready to be hung on display. An important and beautiful period profile Portrait of the first President of the United States, George Washington................ (1,200-1,600)

c. 1824 LaFayette’s Tour George Washington Gilt Buttons

79 c. 1876 (1824) Marquis de Lafayette’s Tour of the United States Period. Lot of Three. Gilt-Solid Brass Commemorative Replica Buttons. With Original Shanks. Choice Near Mint. This is an original lot of (3) Gilt Solid Brass Buttons, 20 mm, being later 19th Century Commemorative Replicas of the Washington Portrait Buttons presented to Lafayette during his 1824 farewell visit to the United States. Each button is marked on its back, “Presented to General Lafayette by L.H. & Scovill Button Manufacturers”. Each is in wonderful, virtually new condition having just some light friction and are mostly brilliant gilt in appearance. A scarce set that is rarely encountered by collectors. (3 buttons)...................................................................... (250-300)

c. 1905 C.D. Kenny Co. Coffees & Teas Washington Tin

80 c. 1905, Colorful Lithographed Advertising Sign on Tin, George Washington’s Birthday Premium, Self-Framed, Extremely Fine. This is a wonderful, original Kenny Company, Lithograph Portrait Sign on Tin. It measures 4 7/8” x 6 7/8” and features an embossed border in the form of an elaborate, gold gilt, gesso frame. This plaque features a classic, striking bust portrait of President George Washington at its center, surrounded by a laurel wreath, and surmounted by a spread wing Heraldic American Eagle perched upon a Federal shield. A banner below the portrait has text that reads “Pater Patriae”. The only other text is written in small letters on the inner edge of the raised “frame” at the bottom which reads, “Compliments of C. D. Kenny Co.” It is marked at the bottom on the inner edge of the raised “frame” with the name of the manufacturer, “Kaufmann & Strauss Co. N.Y. - 1355”. The Chromolithography is of excellent quality as would be expected from the outstanding craftsmen employed by this premier maker of tin lithographed advertising items.

This beautiful Washington’s Birthday, Premium Advertising Sign / Plaque is an original, given away as a Washington’s Birthday Premium to promote their line of coffees and teas, as well as their retail stores in Baltimore, Maryland. The lithography is bright, crisp and colorful, making an outstanding display piece. There are a few very small and scattered surface nicks on the central image area within the embossed “frame” and some more extensive surface nicks on the edges of the Tin outside the raised “frame” that are unobtrusive and this Sign / Portrait displays beautifully. Very scarce.................................................................... (400-500)

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Post-Revolutionary War Era 1795 Treaty of San Lorenzo ( Pinckney’s Treaty ) Transferring Administration In Natchez, Louisiana from Spain to the United States 82 (1795 PINCKNEY’S TREATY) MANUEL LUIS GAYOSO DE LEMOS (1752 - 1799). Spanish Governor of Louisiana (1797 to 1799), an Official in Spanish Louisiana since 1787, Manuel de Lemos also Served as Governor of the Natchez District. c. 1797 , Important Autograph Letter Signed, 8 pages, measuring 9” x 7.5” being written at New Orleans, Louisiana, (no date) certainly written circa 1797, to Stephen Minor (1760-1815), who had succeeded Gayoso as the Acting Governor of the Natchez District. This extensive letter is concerning the impending transfer of the official Government Administration in Natchez from Spain to the United States. The top right corner of each page has been torn and expertly restored with close matching paper, in blank. There is some loss of text in those corner portions. It has some scattered moderate ink show-through and dampstaining (considering the humid conditions present in Spanish Louisiana), still it remains quite readable, and in fairly good, solid overall condition. The 1795 the Treaty of San Lorenzo (Pinckney’s Treaty) confirmed the boundary between Spanish Louisiana and Florida and the US placing the Natchez district under control of the United States. Gayoso, in preparation for the transfer writes to Minor, now the acting governor of the district concerning political unrest and confusion in light of the impending transfer of sovereignty, as well as the arrival of surveyor Andrew Ellicott who was to mark the new boundary between the United States and the Spanish possessions of Louisiana and the Floridas, and it reads, in part:

“... Every body is now very busy gathering their crops; what a fine argument will be to them, to see the effects of their neglecting their farms, for they must see and feel it. I dare say you will take advantage of this circumstance to convince them of their error. I have seen your circular letter to the people, it is well founded, that I am likewise glad that you made of it the use that was necessary without making a point of publishing it at all hazzards (sic), there I see your prudence and I approve one and the other. Be very cautious about anything concerning (Andrew) Ellicott - now and then there is no harm in whipping them lightly, but now say any - that may tend to justify their former conduct, this is a most delicate matter that themselves proof (sic) the propriety of what they have done. You know intimately (sic) as well as myself that they went astray for a great while, indeed there is no occasion of any other proof than their won correspondence which they have published. I am sorry for the loss of our friend Bernard another must be elected in his place and be careful that the writ of election communicated to the townships and that the elections may be made out in the country with every possible precautions to prevent animosities of the parties. It is surprising how sickly the town has been at Natchez... How is our friend Dunbar and how is McIntosh and the few like minded friends in the country. Tell me your opinion about Cochran, has he not be(en) too warm on the occasion? I am afraid he has, for I find his repeated in the debates and what can not be without taking a very active what great harm Hutchings and sent to Philadelphia. There is no harm in his going but there must be a great deal of precaution taken with regards to what he calls the committee of safety and correspondence for he might by writing to them to set the country in a greater confusion than even in that it has been, be very cautious with regards to that. The said committee must have no power to assemble the people, nor anything that may alter the agreement that our laws shall subsist, if they would act at their own digression the political notions would entirely be overthrown and I should then find myself under the disagreeable necessity of compelling by force their proper conduct. I expect that the two gentlemen sent from Congress will arrive soon. My beautiful Galiotte will be ready at the end of the present week and I (am) ready to take a trip to Baton Rouge if they will meet me there in case they should not choose to come down all the way. I hope that their presence will quiet the minds of the people and wish they would arrive. Whenever (Anthony) Hutchings wants a passport (word missing) to him but without expressing more”. Hutchings (c. 1724-1811) was a New Jersey born veteran of the French and Indian War who grew up in North Carolina and followed his brother to Natchez in 1772 establishing himself as a planter. He became the first justice of the peace at Natchez and represented the district in the Assembly at Pensacola. He fled during the American Revolution but returned in 1785, taking the oath of allegiance to the U.S. in 1798. “Making a record perusal of your last letter I find that I had passed over one of the most important pages which contained the last information you got from Ellicott. The plan combined between our envoy and Blount with regard to money making might have a probably appearance enough, but my dear friend, how is it possible that our envoy should attack Blount and the minister of state in the manner that he did, would no Blount expose him if this consideration was not in the way. I might to form an opinion on the subject, but those circumstances are so striking that there is no resisting the reflections they offer”. Interestingly, William Blount (1749 - 1800) had become embroiled in a major scandal in 1797, when a letter revealed that Blount was hatching a plot to incite the Creek and Cherokee Nations of Native American Indians, into an attack on Spanish West Florida. Blount was impeached and expelled from the Senate for his actions. Whether Gayoso was aware of this historic matter is unclear, but he did foresee other difficulties in the impending transfer, in part: “... As to the 2 Governors of this Province being determined not to give up the country a person must be void of knowledge of our (word missing). However the world so strangely attends that I do not think anything impossible or at least the politics of courts are such that they will make anything appear in the light that they please. It will be very curious to see our Envoy counteracted with the same reasons with which he charges others. Tell me all you know about it and you may assure Ellicott that it is my honor to obey and comply exactly with the orders of my court, but that nothing will give me more pleasure than to see the end of our political differences and that though I do not intend to follow the operation of viewing the line, I will certainly go to see the first setting of for the sake of shaking hands with him. If the King finds it convenient to the general interest of his dominions to give up a little portion for other advantages what right have I to oppose it, nor what do I care if I lose nothing and it is my Master’s will. It would appear that the people of the Western Country were informed of the victorious proceedings of power to me - give me a little satisfaction by pledging him on his voyage. Enclosed I send my answer to the Committee of Correspondence, close it and send it to the proper person, you will be surprised with my title, but the contents of their address deserves it, they express themselves in the most regular terms and their plan is full of respect for our government and for that of the U.S. expressed in the most delicate manner and it is my opinion that their object fulfilled there will be no further disturbance on their part and you may make very good use of them, by all means, it is a good policy to have their confidence and I believe my letter will please them...”.

Gayoso adds, hurriedly in a postscript before the departure of the courier: “PS - the Courier arrived, informs expectations of approaching general peace. The congress was held it is said that the English were disposed to restore all their conquest and Gibraltar (not). Bonaparte was at the head of a formidable Army at Calais, probably to give an influence - to our negotiations.” This is a most remarkable and historically important letter. It was written by the Spanish Governor, detailing numerous intrigues attending the official transfer of the Natchez District from Spain, to the United States. An impressive content letter which belongs in a major collection or institution................................................................................................................................................................................................(4,000-5,000) Page 30

James Monroe Imprint On the Eve of the War of 1812 !

83 June 15, 1812-Dated, First Edition, Imprint of the Printed Letters between Secretary of State James Monroe and British “Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary” Augustus J Foster, Choice Very Fine. This is an original Imprint (printed just 3 days prior to declaring war, by order of the U. S. Senate entitled, “Message from the President of the United States Transmitting copies of Letters Which Have Passed Between the Secretary of State and the Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of Great Britain.” Washington City, printed by R.C. Weightman, 1812. 9.25” x 5.75”, Calf spine and green paper over boards, 15 pages. Modern rebind tight, clean, quite handsome, booklet slightly age toned, with mild bit of wear. This attractive First Edition of this brief interesting correspondence made on the eve of the War of 1812 between then Secretary of State James Monroe and British “Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary” Augustus J. Foster, which took place between June l0th and June 14th. Madison had sent a list of American grievances against the British government to the U.S. Congress on June lst, and did not formally sign a declaration of war until June l8th. This interim exchange between the two country’s diplomats represents a last ditch and ultimately failed effort to “play nice”. Foster in his two flowery letters maintaining that Great Britain’s actions simply show it defending itself against French aggression, and Monroe in his single letter maintaining that “it is impossible for me to devise, or conceive any arrangement consistent with the honor, the rights and interests of the United States” without Great Britain taking certain actions. A few days after this last letter the U.S. entered its first formally declared war with another nation... Great Britain!................................................................. (400-600)

1817 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Official Election Notice and Appointment to the House of Representatives

84 October 17, 1817-Dated, Partially-Printed Document Signed by Eleven Electors, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Fine. This is an original, 8.25” x 6.5”, Appointment of Andrew French, Esq. to the House of Representatives for Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. It has been Signed by eleven electors, four of which are listed as “Return Judges.” This original document has been laid down onto a heavy card for prior display, otherwise being easily readable, having some light folds, minor edge rub, and some expected spots. This is the first of this form we have seen. It is no doubt exceedingly rare as such..................................................................... (400-500)

Letter Regarding the Marquis de Lafayette’s Triumphant Return Tour of America in 1825

85 (MARQUIS DE LAFAYETTE). June 25, 1825-Dated, Historic Content, Autograph Letter Signed, “Orrin,” 3 pages, 4to., Union College [Schenectady, N.Y.], 9.5”x 7.75”, Very Fine. This original letter is written to an old classmate, Dr. Dennis Cooley in Monticello, Ga., concerning seeing the Marquis de Lafayette during his triumphant return to America in 1825. There is some expected light toning at the edges, some fold weakness and minor, partial separations. He writes, in part: “Union College - June 25, 1825, — My Dear Brother... O, let me tell you something wonderful, worthy to be remembered to tell to my children and they again theirs! I saw La Fayette two weeks ago. He visited Schenectady on his way from the western states to Boston. June 17, he was to lay the first stone of a monument to be erected on Bunker Hill. I am glad to see La Fayette honored. He has done much for America. He spent his fortune and a considerable portion of his life in her cause, and that at a time when no nation, land and no other individual would raise a hand to vindicate her rights, and the citizens of this country, whose liberty he has thus helped to achieve, cannot too respect him; but yet they might do this in a manner in which they would at the same time respect themselves. They might honor him and not disgrace themselves. But it does look so boyish, foolish and more than foolish to see the height of extravagance they go to in some place which he is merely to pass through with scarcely time to look to the right or left!...” In 1824, at the invitation of Congress, Lafayette returned to the United States embarking on a 14-month tour that took him through 24 States. In consideration for his services during the American Revolutionary War, Congress awarded him $200,000 & a Township of 24,400 acres. This is a truly historic letter that would be a fabulous addition to any better collection regarding Lafayette’s triumphant return tour of America in 1825.............. (1,000-1,500)

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“Gen. Lafayette” Folk Art Style Reverse Painting on Glass

Caleb Cushing’s Handwritten and Signed Eulogy to the Marquis De Lafayette Delivered in the House of Representatives

86 CALEB CUSHING (1800-1879) & (MARQUIS DE LAFAYETTE). Massachusetts Statesman, Lawyer, Author, United States Representative and U.S. Attorney General under Franklin Pierce. February 25, 1839-Dated, A.Ms.S. 1p. 4to., [Washington], being his eulogy to Lafayette delivered in the House of Representatives, 9.5”x 6.5”, Choice Extremely Fine. Well written in rich brown on early, period wove paper. There is some expected light marginal toning, one small 1” edge tear at top, overall in excellent overall quality. Cushing writes, in full: “Regard him in the New World as a youthful leader of the armies of independence; follow him in Europe amid the opening splendors of the French Revolution, the favorite of an admiring nation; accompany him, driven into exile by factions he could not control, to the dungeon of Olmute; contemplate him, withdrawn from the blighting allurements of the Empire to the shades of La Grange, or issuing thence only to rebut the usurper; study him as one of the trusted leaders of a constitutional Opposition; or behold him once more the arbiter of his country’s destiny, at the epoch of the Three days: & you see in all the changes of such a life, in either hemisphere, in camps or in councils, in prosperity or adversity, but one man ever before you, — ever the same ardent lover of liberty, -ever the same unwavering supporter of public order, ever the same firm & disinterested patriot, ever the same generous, conscientious, frank-hearted, honorable, true-minded — La Fayette. — (Signed) C. Cushing, - House of Representatives - 25 February 1839” A truly remarkable, original historic document of memorial and tribute which is written entirely in Caleb Cushings own hand, and delivered on the floor of the House of Representatives................. ................................................................................. (3,500-4,500) Page 32

87 c. 1824 Marquis de Lafayette’s Triumphant Return Tour of America Period, Hand-painted, Folk Art Style, Portrait of Lafayette, Reverse Painting on Glass titled, “GENERAL LAFAIETE” (sic), Hardwood Framed, Choice Very Fine. This impressive, early Hand-painted “GENERAL LAFAIETE” (sic) central image, measures about 9.5” x 7” (sight) being housed in a simple period wooden frame to 12.25” x 10”. The highly colorful, bold painting of the Marquis de Lafayette with gold, brown, red, blue, green and white details. The central Portrait of Lafayette in his dress military uniform is quite nice, having a handsome Folk Art Style, depiction of the French officer who was so very beloved by Americans. It has smooth brushstrokes and subtle, delicate execution, possibly being imported. The painting is strong and vibrant, with almost no distractions. It appears virtually impressive and vibrant today as is was when made nearly 200 years ago with only minor irregularity to the lower white area, attesting to its originality. It is simply a great, decorative piece.

This wonderful Reverse Painted Glass portrait is of the famous American Revolutionary War hero and French Revolution leader, General Lafayette. Lafayette served directly under General George Washington, who treated him as if his own son, with great honor and distinction. He soon became a highly respected officer revered by American citizens. In 1824, upon President James Monroe’s invitation to visit the United States as the “Nation’s Guest,” Lafayette accepted. He returned to America and began his grand tour visiting all 24 States. This impressive, period Folk Art style portrait was most likely made for sale to the U.S. market during this period of Lafayette’s heightened popularity. The wooden frame has some expected minor original surface nicks and scuffs, with a brass ring on the upper central reverse for hanging on display. The Hand-lettered name in the large white bottom border reads, in a quaint misspelling, “General Lafaiete.” Note that the letter “N” is reversed, besides the obvious spelling error.

We have recorded two other similar Reverse Painted examples sold in our EAHA Auctions, April 23, 2005, Lot 345, selling for $2,875 and the other offered on June 10, 2006, Lot 488, selling at $2,750. This is a fresh, excellent opportunity for collectors, which took half a decade to appear..................................... (2,500-3,000)

Beautiful 1824 “LA FAYETTE” Tour White Silk Ribbon

Rare 1855 Charter of the AETNA INSURANCE Company

88 1824 Lafayette Commemorative Silk Ribbon, “The Companion of Washington, the Nation’s Guest.” Black imprint on White Silk. Very Choice About Mint. This is an original c. 1824 Military bust in elaborate sunburst, sold by H. Korn, Philadelphia, measuring the full size of 7” x 1.5”. A simply terrific and historic item, commemorating Lafayette’s triumphant return to America! According to the reference book “Threads of History”: “Lafayette revisited the U.S. from July 1, 1824 to September 1825. He was presented with a specially built carriage upon his arrival, and entertained at receptions and balls during his entire visit. In gratitude for his aid during the Revolution, Congress voted him the sum of $200,000 and a township of land. He was overwhelmed by the reception. One of the highlights of his trip was his visit to Mount Vernon and the grave of his war companion and commander, George Washington, who had been then dead for a quarter of a century. Ten years after his visit, on May 20, 1834, Lafayette died in Paris.”......................................................................... (350-450)

91 1855-Dated, Original Imprint, Charter of the AETNA INSURANCE Company, Hartford, Connecticut, Very Fine. Authentic 1855 Charter of the AETNA INSURANCE COMPANY of Hartford, Connecticut, 4 pages, measuring 13.75” tall and 8.5” wide. This official printed copy is noted upon the top of its title page, “Filed May 26th 1855, T. C. Rowles, Clerk” and is also hand Signed, “Tho(mas) A. Alexander” Secretary with the embossed Seal of the AETNA INSURANCE COMPANY within the paper. This imprint is also notarized at Hartford, CT, on July 1, 1854, hand Signed by “Henry Fowler” Justice of the Peace. This may be some sort of official amendment to the charter to facilitate its move to Hartford. The inside page lists various assets of the company totaling just over $500,000 at that time. In 1850, Aetna Insurance Company organizes an Annuity Fund to sell life insurance. Aetna Insurance Company turns to a Hartford, Conn., judge, Eliphalet A. Bulkeley, who was a general counsel to the company and also on its board of directors. Judge Bulkeley had been the president of the Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Company, which was, when founded in 1846, the first life insurance company in Connecticut. He was chosen to head the Annuity Fund operation, and in the summer of 1850, the department commences business. In 1853 the Annuity department separates from Aetna Insurance and is incorporated as Aetna Life Insurance Company. The company’s first president is Eliphalet A. Bulkeley. The name “Aetna” is retained to take advantage of the good reputation of the original Aetna, and because three years of life policies already had been issued under that name. The name was inspired by an 11,000-foot volcano on the eastern shores of Sicily, Mt. Etna, then the most active volcano in Europe. Awed by the strength of the mountain, they named their fledgling venture Aetna Insurance Company. 1854 - Aetna hires its first full-time employee, Thomas O. Enders. 1857 - Aetna moves to new offices on Hungerford and Cone Streets in Hartford, Connecticut. An extraordinary original document that should likely be in the archives of an Insurance or Hartford, Connecticut Museum, if not at AETNA itself !..................................................... (1,800-2,000)

Impressive 1824 “The Nation’s Guest, Lafayette” Silk

89 1824 Commemorative Silk Ribbon, “The Nation’s Guest, Lafayette,” Black imprint on White Silk, Choice Extremely Fine. This is an original c. 1824 Silk Ribbon with a Military Bust of Lafayette in an oval laurel wreath, American Heraldic Eagle on Shield above holds scroll reading “LA FAYETTE,” measuring to a full size of 7.25” x 1.75”. Inscribed “THE NATION’S GUEST” and “Sold by H. Korn, 82 N. 2nd St. Philada”. Boldly printed being well centered and having excellent eye appeal for display. A simply terrific and historic item, commemorating Lafayette’s triumphant return to America!....................................... (300-400)

1834 “LaFayette-Died” Commemorative Medal Silk Ribbon 90 1834 “LaFayette Died” Death Medal Ribbon. White Silk, black and copper imprint, measuring to a full size of 6” x 2.5”, Extremely Fine. This original Commemorative Silk Ribbon shows drapery over facsimile image of François Caunois’ 1834 Lafayette “Death” Medal. It reads, “LAFAYETTE - DIED - May 21st 1834 - Aged 70 Yrs.” The Marquis de Lafayette was actually 77 years old at his death............................................................... (300-400)

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Mexican-American War

No Slavery In The Mexican War’s Newly Won Territories

Scarce 1840s Mexican War Service “Declaration”

92 1840s, Mexican War Service Declaration Certificate, Unused, Choice Very Fine. This rare form is printed in black on white period paper, measuring 4” x 7.5” and is headed “Declaration.” Its text, however, reveals that this certificate was to be used to record a soldier’s service during the Mexican War. The text reads:

“The state of ..... County of .... On this ..... day of .... 184- .... before the subscriber, a Justice of the Peace in and for the county aforesaid, personally appeared ...... who being sworn according to law, declares that he is the identical .... who was a ..... in company .... in the .... regiment of .... in actual service during the war with Mexico. That he, the said .... enlisted on the .... day of .... 184- to serve for .... and was discharged at ..... on the ..... day of .... 184- by reason of .....” Handwritten on the back is a notation (which may not be related to this document): “H. S. Summaries Ward. Vouchers in guardian’s a/c.”

Aside from some light brown stains at the left and right ends from an old mounting, this unusual, certainly rare document remains in excellent overall condition. A historic Mexican War Service form missing in virtually every collection.............................. (500-600)

94 February 16,1847-Dated Mexican War Era, Printed U.S. Senate Document, Being a Resolution by the Pennsylvania Legislature that Slavery be Prohibited in any New Territory Acquired as a Result of the Mexican War, Choice Extremely Fine. This is a scarce, original printed document dated 1847, being a Resolution adopted by the Pennsylvania Legislature, requesting that the state’s Congressmen seek to prohibit slavery from any new territory the United States might acquire as a result of the war with Mexico, and is signed in type by members of the state’s legislature. The original resolution is dated February 16, 1847. This printing of the resolution is from the U.S. Senate Journal, later in 1847, near the end of the 29th Congress. This print measures 9” x 5” and is printed on one side only, the back being blank. Likely disbound from the Senate Journal and trimmed, this print is in wonderful condition, without folds or tears, and only lightly age toned. A fine item which would display well................................... (800-1,000)

1846 Texas-Mexican War Army Recruiting Broadside Ordering Volunteers To Report - Previously Unrecorded

93 (TEXAS - MEXICAN WAR). May 30, 1846, Mexican War Broadside, ordering Volunteers to report to the Brigade Inspector of the Pennsylvania Militia, and requiring uniforms in accord with regulation, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, Choice Extremely Fine. Measures 9” x 12” on choice crisp paper with deckled edges, as issued. Text reads, in part:

“To the Volunteers and citizens residing within the bounds of the 1st Brigade 4th Division, P.M. [Pennsylvania Militia]… notice is hereby given that all offers of services on the part of volunteer companies… must be made to the Governor of the Commonwealth through the undersigned Brigade Inspector. The laws of this State require the uniform of volunteers to be the same as that worn by the same description of force in the United States army…. The requisition upon the Governor of this Commonwealth, being for Six Regiments of Infantry, the services of no other description of volunteers will be accepted.”

Precipitated by the annexation of Texas in December 1845, the Mexican War was formally declared on May 13, 1846. At the time, the nation’s armed forces consisted of a small regular army and an aggregate of state militias, all of which had different regulations, uniforms and chains of command. When the call-to-arms went out, thousands of men responded, and the infrastructure to process recruits and organize them into volunteer regiments had to be hastily improvised. This broadside, printed on May 30, reflects the state of confusion that existed early in the conflict, as local governments scrambled to meet enlistment quotas and outfit men properly for the march south.

This original broadside may be the only single surviving example of this exceedingly rare, if not unique, historic Broadside. Not found in either of the major collections at the University of Texas or Library of Congress, its importance and rarity cannot be overstated. Printed in the bold typefaces so characteristic of the era, and in a remarkable state of preservation (like it was posted yesterday), it has tremendous presence… is of museum quality and excellent for display..............................................................................................................................................(4,500-5,500) Page 34

No Slavery In The Mexican War’s Newly Won Territories

Extraordinary Texas-Mexican War Field Press Broadside Printed by the Advancing American Army by Gen. Worth

94 February 16,1847-Dated Mexican War Era, Printed U.S. Senate Document, Being a Resolution by the Pennsylvania Legislature that Slavery be Prohibited in any New Territory Acquired as a Result of the Mexican War, Choice Extremely Fine. This is a scarce, original printed document dated 1847, being a Resolution adopted by the Pennsylvania Legislature, requesting that the state’s Congressmen seek to prohibit slavery from any new territory the United States might acquire as a result of the war with Mexico, and is signed in type by members of the state’s legislature. The original resolution is dated February 16, 1847. This printing of the resolution is from the U.S. Senate Journal, later in 1847, near the end of the 29th Congress. This print measures 9” x 5” and is printed on one side only, the back being blank. Likely disbound from the Senate Journal and trimmed, this print is in wonderful condition, without folds or tears, and only lightly age toned. A fine item which would display well................................... (800-1,000)

“Santa Anna’s March” Music Sheet Composed by an American Officer in the Mexican-U.S. War

95 1847, Music Sheet: “Santa Anna’s March,” by W.C. Peters, Published by W.C. Peters, Cincinnati, OH, Choice Fine. 13” x 10,” 5 pages, uncolored engraved cover. The full title reads: “Santa Anna’s March to which is added a Popular Melody Composed on the Battlefield of Buena Vista by an American Officer. Arranged for the Piano Forte and Inscribed to Miss Fitzgerald by W.C. Peters.” The piece is designed for one or two performers. Some modest dampstaining and toning, reinforced spine, horizontal fold along the middle—not affecting the overall presentation or value of this important historical item............................... (1,200-1,500)

96 (TEXAS - MEXICAN WAR). 1847 Mexican War Broadside, an order Abolishing Taxes in occupied areas, General Headquarters, Puebla, Mexico, Choice Extremely Fine. Measures 5.75” x 9”, printed in Spanish on excellent crisp pale green paper, backed with polyester. Translation in full:

“GENERAL HEADQUARTERS. - Puebla, May 27, 1847 - By this order, it is hereby decreed that all rights, taxes or tolls, be they internal, local or international, on all types of provisions that are needed by or handed over to the United States troops, are hereby abolished and it is prohibitive to charge these tariffs, while the said troops are occupying the area; this decree covers all points of the rearguard and up to thirty leagues on both sides of the line of occupation. - By order of General Worth. - W.W. Mackal, A.A.G.”

One of many General Orders printed on army field presses as American forces advanced towards Mexico City and occupied territory along the way. This order, which prohibited Mexican provincial governments from collecting taxes on goods sold to American troops, was issued by Gen. William J. Worth, a veteran of the Seminole War. Worth had fought under Zachary Taylor in the northern campaign that culminated with the capture of Monterrey. Transferred to the command of Winfield Scott, he distinguished himself in the victorious advance from Vera Cruz to Mexico City, which Worth was the first American to enter, receiving the surrender of the capital. In 1848 he was given command of the Dept. of Texas, but his career was cut short by cholera................ ................................................................................. (3,000-4,000)

Page 35

1848 Hand-Color Broadside and Map of the U.S. & Mexico Outstanding Historic Mexican-American War Period Map

1848 Mexican War Extensive Thirteen Page Massachusetts Militia Roster of All 700 Soldiers

( Our Back Cover Image )

97 1848-Dated, Hand-colored Broadside Map headed, “ORNAMENTAL MAP OF THE UNITED STATES & MEXICO,” Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1848, Published by Ensigns & Thayer, 50 Ann Street, New York, Very Fine. This is an authentic Huge, Patriotic and Historic Mexican-American War Period Broadside Map measures 30.5” x 22.5” includes a rare central Hand-colored Map titled, “Map of the United States and Mexico, Including Oregon, Texas and the Californias.” It is surmounted by portraits of General Taylor and General Scott, dressed in their military uniforms, being on either side of the central President George Washington. Below at bottom are colorful geographic scenes of the “Great Temple Dedicated to the Sun,” Mexico, “The Halls Of The Montezumas,” and at the bottom center an American Flag Steam Ship named “UNION” with text below reading “An American Exhibiting To The Sovereigns Of Europe The Progress Of His Country.”

This self proclaimed “Ornamental” Mexican War period Broadside is accomplished with a Hand-colored and Hand-carved woodblock engraving process. Multiple colors include red, green, yellow, blue, and black against a slightly toned off-white period paper sheet that has been archivally laid down upon modern cloth fabric for preservation. There are some deft sealed and repaired edge splits and a small repaired absence to the extreme outer margins, including a fine sealed 3.5” split at top center, yet they are not distracting to the printed portions. Other text block devices located at the right and left sides of the central map include information on the States of the Union at that time, including the latest “Possessions,” of California and Texas. Another text block in yellow reads, “Distances In Mexico.” The map itself is titled, “Map of the United States and Mexico - Including OREGON, TEXAS and the CALIFORNIAS.” It has both heavier outline and lighter colored areas which identifies; “New California,” “New Mexico,” “Oregon Territory,” “Missouri Territory,” “Sioux District,” “Indian Territory,” as well as the other then existing states. There is no doubt that this Patriotic Broadside was produced in the celebratory atmosphere in the wake of, and surrounding the American victory over Mexico in 1848. This impressive historic display piece is ready for proper framing, as it would present very well on display...................... (2,500-3,500) Page 36

98 May 1848-Dated, Mexican War Period, Manuscript Massachusetts Militia Roster Document, with Original Silk Tie, Choice Extremely Fine. This original, 13 page, handwritten, 9.75” x 8” historic document is dated May 1848. It is a list of the names of all 700 members of the Massachusetts Militia who lived in Cambridge, as recorded in the city Assessors Office, signed by Lucius R. Paige, City Clerk. The men listed were enrolled for the year 1848 and were ready and able to serve their country, should the Mexican War elevate to a larger campaign. It is nicely tied together being bound with a green ribbon and is in excellent overall condition. A very scarce, original Mexican War Militia Roster Document....................................................................... (400-500)

1847 Mexican War Document Recruiting Musicians Signed by James W. Denver the Civil War General & Denver, CO!

99 JAMES W. DENVER (1817 - 1892). American Politician, President Abraham Lincoln Commissioned Denver a Brigadier General in 1861, Lawyer, and esteemed Actor. The city of Denver, Colorado, is named after him, as is the Denver Omelette. April 7, 1847-Dated Mexican War Period, Manuscript Document Signed, “James W. Denver, Capt US Infantry,” Choice Very Fine. This very clean original document measures 7.25” x 12” has light folds, some light show-through and is in excellent, boldly written and signed condition, contracting two musicians to serve with the 12th US Infantry in 1847 during the Mexican War. Reverse side docket added and dated on May 10th, 1847. This is a truly great content Mexican War Document Recruiting Musicians document and JAMES W. DENVER signature............................. (500-600)

Civil War & Related

Important Mexican Civil War of 1857-1861 Letter to United States Minister to Mexico, John Forsyth Jr.

Extremely Rare Original Confederate Privateer Commission

100 (MEXICAN CIVIL WAR 1857-1861). c. 1858, Manuscript Letter Draft, Unsigned, Undated, written to United States Minister to Mexico, John Forsyth Jr., from the Vice-Consulate in Mexico, two sides of 1 page, 10.5” x 8,” Very Fine.

This historic letter was apparently written in haste and is not totally clear whether this letter was written from Mexico City to Forsyth, who was then out of the country, or whether this was written from a U.S. Vice-Consulate somewhere in Mexico to Forsyth in Mexico City. When President Santa Ana was overthrown in the 1855 Revolution of Ayutla, Ignacio Comonfort became President. The new constitution of 1857 led to a civil war (the War of Reform) from December 1857 through January 1861. Two governments were established, the conservatives in Mexico City and the liberals in Vera Cruz. The liberals eventually won and the United States recognized their government, led by Benito Juarez. Forsyth had been appointed Minister to Mexico in 1856, but in 1858 he demanded his passport and withdrew from the U.S. Legation. This letter describes military movements in Zacatecas, in central Mexico, by Miguel Miramon (1831-1867). Also mentioned is an insult to the English flag and the looting of its treasury. The writer states that he expects to be under bombardment within a few days and will be unable to protect the American flag. This letter reads, in part:

“...Since four months the ( ) Army has entered this state...At first owing to their small number there was on their part a show of respect to liberty, life and property. After some 300 men were sent from this place to a hacienda near to the Mineral de Catorce, to be defeated by less than two hundred of them, and when reinforcements from the frontier to the number of 3000 with artillery marched there, the law concerning bandits and revolutionaries formulated by the Government of Mexico, there has been no limit to the destruction carried on by Vidanori (?) captains.....Miramon and his 3000 on the way from Zacatecas to this place, has felt the sharp fire of their rifles. The gallant little army, cut their way through the enemy causing some loss, but suffering almost a defeat. Zacatecas was the next scene of carnage. Without knowing the full particulars of the action, sufficient it is to say that Miramon with most of his officers and his troops fallen prisoners with all their artillery after 8 hours combat....”

This important and historical letter draft is in excellent condition with light age toning. A fabulous find for anyone interested in Mexican History...................................................... (1,000-1,200)

102 c. 1860 Civil War Period, Partially-Printed Document, Confederate (Privateer) Naval Commission, Unaccomplished, Very Choice Extremely Fine. This is an extremely rare, original and fully authentic, Confederate (Privateer) Naval Commission Form, measuring a large size of 16.5” x 20” being virtually mint state with a few vertical folds. Here JEFFERSON DAVIS, - President of the Confederate States of America.” is thereby authorizing a vessel and its Captain, in part: “Commander, to act as a.Private Armed Vessel in the Service of the CONFEDERATE STATES, on the high seas, against the United States of America, their Ships, Vessels, Goods and Effects, and those of their citizens, during the pendency of the War now existing between the said CONFEDERATE STATES and the said United States...” These official Confederate forms when fully completed and executed, are typically filled out and personally signed by President Jefferson Davis. The use of these forms were disregarded in the late spring of 1861, as they are imprinted with the city of Montgomery as being the then Confederate capitol. Any such fully completed and signed form is considered exceedingly rare and is extremely valuable. This unaccomplished example is in excellent condition, having a centerfold and just some light wrinkles, being boldly printed and attractive for display. A rare opportunity to acquire an original Confederate Privateer Commission that is missing in most every Confederate and Civil War Naval related collection..................... ................................................................................. (1,600-1,800)

John Forsyth Jr. (1812-1877) is best known as an American journalist and editor. After his time as Minister to Mexico (1856-1858), he was part of a delegation from Georgia to the Confederate government being formed in 1861.

Broadside For The Reunion of Mexican War Veterans 101 1899 Broadside For The Reunion of Mexican War Veterans. Broadside issued in 1899 by “The New England Association Of Veterans Of The Mexican War,” measuring 8.5” x 5.5”, notifying members that “The Fifty-first Anniversary of the return home of the Massachusetts Regiment of Volunteers in Mexico, will be celebrated Wednesday, July 19, 1899, by a Reunion and dinner at ‘Squantum Inn,’ Squantum Park....” Gen. Samuel E. Chamberlain is the Commander of the association. Choice Extremely Fine..... ....................................................................................... (300-400)

 Page 37

Rare Original Confederate Field Press Printed Broadside Issued in August 1863 by General “Fightin’ Joe” Wheeler

Congress Thanks Farragut Capture Mobile Bay In Civil War

104 February 17, 1866-Dated, (David G. FARRAGUT) Official Congressional Resolution Printed Document, at Washington, DC, Navy Department General Orders, No. 73, Choice Near Mint. This original Printed Document is 1 page, measures 8.5” x 5.25” (215x140 mm), on period white wove paper, being the Navy Department General Orders, No. 73. It is printing the text of the Congressional Resolution which reads, in part: “...tendering the thanks of Congress to Vice-Admiral DAVID G. FARRAGUT, and to the officers, petty officers, seamen, and marines under his command, for their gallantry and good conduct in the action in Mobile Bay on the fifth of August, 1864.” It is signed in print at its header conclusion by, “GIDEON WELLS, Secretary of the Navy. An important, never even folded, very historic original Naval honor made to David G. FARRAGUT..... ....................................................................................... (200-300)

103 August 3rd, 1863-Dated Civil War Period, Confederate Field Press Printed Broadside, Choice Extremely Fine. This is a very rare, original and fully authentic Confederate Field Printed Broadside, measuring 6.5” x 12” issued by Major General Joseph Wheeler, being General Orders No. 10, at Head Quarters, Wheelers Cavalry Corps. This general order encourages the Cavalry officers to the importance of their adopting all means in their power to insure promotion to the valorous, skillful, and efficient officers and to the soldiers of their respective commands, with instructions for such recommendations, etc. It reads, in part: “...This is do to those who by their patriotic devotion to duty, and their valor and skill exhibited in the field, have shown themselves worthy of advancement. It continues, ... the President to make promotions... by appointing officers and soldiers who have been distinguished for exhibiting valor and skill. The order continues with a example of a recommendation for promotion. (Signed in type) - Maj. Genl. Joseph. Wheeler.” In December 1862, the Union Army of the Cumberland began to advance from Nashville against Bragg’s army and Wheeler, now commanding all of the Army of Tennessee’s cavalry, skirmished aggressively to delay their advance. He drove into the rear of the Union army, destroying hundreds of wagons and capturing more than 700 prisoners. After the Battle of Stones River, as Bragg’s army withdrew to the Duck River line, Wheeler struck the Union supply lines at Harpeth Shoals on January 12–13, burning three steamboats and capturing more than 400 prisoners. Bragg recommended that Wheeler be promoted as a “just reward” and he became a Major General on January 20, 1863. Wheeler led the army’s Cavalry Corps from January to November 24, then again from December to November 15, 1864. For his actions on January 12–13, 1863, Wheeler and his troopers received the “Thanks” of the Confederate Congress on May 1, 1863. This well centered, fully margined and very clean example is in excellent condition on fine white wove period paper. It has a few light folds, being fairly well printed for a field document, and is attractive for display. There are no significant defects or distractions. A rare opportunity to acquire an original Confederate Field Press Printed Broadside, in recognition of the valor of their soldiers, that is missing in most every Confederate and Civil War related collection...................................................... (1,400-1,800) Page 38

Lot 105

Lot 106

105 c. 1864 Civil War Era, Albumen Photograph of General U. S. Grant, Gilt-brass Frame, Choice Mint. An original, 1” x .75” Albumen Photograph of General Grant housed in an ornate, giltbrass frame..................................................................... (275-325) 106 c. 1864 Civil War Era, Albumen Photograph of General U. S. Grant, Gilt-brass Frame, Choice Mint. An original, 1” x .75” Albumen Photograph of General Grant housed in an ornate, giltbrass frame. Chest-up image of Grant with the text “Gen. U.S. Grant” above. Scarce.................................................... (275-325)

Color CDV Image Civil War Union Major Robert Anderson

107 c. 1860s Civil War Period, Carte de Visite, Hand-Colored, Image of Union Major Robert Anderson, who was The Hero of Fort Sumter, Very Fine. This is an original Carte de Visite that is Hand-colored photograph mounted on heavy stock measuring to 3.75” x 2.5” of Union Major Robert Anderson in a 3/4 length pose of Anderson in uniform. Back stamp reads, “Charles D. Fredricks & Co. [Specialite,] 587 Broadway, New York.” Old identification on the reverse with some minor tone on this very rare Hand-colored image of the famous Union Major Robert Anderson.... (275-350)

Historic CDV Image of a Civil War Period “Drummer Boy”

108 c. 1862 Civil War Period, Carte de Visite, Image of a Drummer Boy, Union and likely New York, Choice Extremely Fine. This original Carte de Visite Photograph is mounted on heavy stock measuring to 4” x 2.5” of a Civil War period Drummer Boy. This full length pose of a young boy in a military uniform carrying a Civil War period drum and drum sticks. Back stamp reads, “J.J. Butman, Main St., Little Falls, N.Y.” Gold gilt outer border, very clean and crisp with a sharply detailed image. A very popular very motif and scarce............................................................. (300-400)

Confederate CDV Image Davis, Lee, Jackson, Beauregard

111 c. 1865 Civil War Period, Confederate Carte de Visite Images of Davis, Lee, Jackson and Beauregard, Very Fine. This historic Carte de Visite photograph is mounted on heavy stock measuring 4” x 2.25” having images of four Confederate leaders, Jefferson Davis, Generals Lee, Jackson and Beauregard. All four men are shown in portrait style within small ovals. No back stamp, but the images are identified by a Civil War period handwritten list on the blank reverse side. Minor tone. A very rare CDV with a Confederate leader grouping we have not previously offered....... ....................................................................................... (300-400)

Patriotic Civil War Union Silk Ribbon Philly July 4th, 1863

Very Rare Civil War CDV Collage Image of Union Officers

109 c. 1864 Civil War Period, Carte de Visite, Collage Image of Union Officers, by Anthony, Very Fine. This original Carte de Visite photograph mounted on heavy stock measuring 4” x 2.25” of Civil War period Union Officers. General Grant is at top center and the largest image. Back stamp reads, “Published by E.& H.T. Anthony, 501 Broadway, New York. Manufacturers of the best Photographic Albums”. Upper right corner of photograph has slight wrinkle, overall a wonderful collage of Union Officers. Extremely rare!.............................................................. (300-400)

112 Silk Ribbon For the “1776 Celebration By The Friends of the Union At Philadelphia, July 4th, 1863,” Gilt Gold Print on Pink Silk, Choice Extremely Fine. This is an original, 7” x 2” Silk Ribbon for a Patriotic Union rally, with bright gold lettering on pink silk, with design of a Patriot climbing upon an American Flag pole, a hammer held in his right hand. A great image, that is very rare and the first we have offered.......................... (250-300)

Very Rare Civil War “Union Cavalry Leaders & Raiders” CDV with George Armstrong Custer & Others by Anthony 110 c. 1864 Civil War Period, Carte de Visite titled, “Union Cavalry Leaders & Raiders” by Anthony, Choice Very Fine. This original Carte de Visite photograph is mounted on heavy stock card measuring to 4” x 2.5” displaying a fabulous montage of 12 different important “Union Cavalry Leaders & Raiders” in a portrait style. Back stamp reads, “Published by E. & H.T. Anthony, 501 Broadway, New York. Manufacturers of the best Photographic Albums”. One outstanding feature being an image of George Armstrong Custer in his military uniform amongst this most famous grouping. A very rare CDV being the first of this type we have offered...................................................... (600-800)

 Page 39

Abraham Lincoln Related

First Edition 1885 “Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant”

1861 CDV Photograph of President Abraham Lincoln Rare Original O-49 “Inkwell” Photograph By Alexander Gardner

113 1885/86-Dated. First Edition. Full Set of Two Books entitled, “Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant,” Volumes 1 & 2 (Complete), Published by Charles L. Webster & Company, New York, NY, Fine. Both books in this complete set measure to 9” x 6.25” and volume one consists of 584 pages and volume two has 647 pages. Both volumes are in used condition, bearing few signs of wear. The original green covers remain intact, the front hinge cracked and partially loose on Volume 1. Frontispiece loose in Volume 2, boards with typical rubbing, bumped corners, worn edges, the print is bold and clear and the interior quite nice.

The facsimile of the original Terms of Lee’ s Surrender as written by General Grant is wholly intact. Also includes the printed “facsimile” inscription by Grant that reads, “These volumes are dedicated to the American soldier and sailor. - U.S. Grant., New York City, May 23d, 1885.” While many mistakenly believe such sets were inscribed by Grant’s own hand, he actually died days after the manuscript was handed over to the publisher and never lived to see the manuscript in book form. An impressive, original complete set of books which has a golden embossed image of Grant on its covers. (2 Book Set)............................................ (500-600)

114 c. 1861 Civil War Period, Carte de Visite Photograph of President Abraham Lincoln, by Alexander Gardner taken at Mathew Brady’s National Portrait Gallery on February 24th, 1861, Choice Crisp Extremely Fine. This is the rare original, O-49 “Inkwell” Photograph by Alexander Gardner, that was taken at Mathew Brady’s National Portrait Gallery on February 24th, 1861. This beautiful, historic image is one of five portraits that were taken of the Lincoln this day, which are collectively known as the “Inkwell Portraits”. This variant is designated as “O-49” by Ostendorff. The Photograph itself measures about 2 1/8” x 3 1/4” and is mounted on its original, gold border, square corner CDV Card Mount to an overall size of 2 3/8” x 4”. The back of the card mount carries the official Anthony / Brady backstamp.

This Civil War period, CDV Photograph of Abraham Lincoln is in excellent condition. The image exhibits a sharp, crisp focus and very good contrast. Both the Albumen Photograph and the Card Mount are clean and exceptionally well preserved. An excellent example of this rare, President Abraham Lincoln “Inkwell Portrait” variant. One of the very finest museum quality examples we have seen, and it certainly worthy of a premium bid as such................. .................................................................................... (900-1,200)

115 No Lot.

“Mourning” Carte de Visite Image of President Lincoln 116 c. 1865 Post Lincoln Assasination, Carte de Visite, “Mourning” Image of President Lincoln, Very Fine. This historic Carte de Visite photograph is mounted on heavy stock measuring 4” x 2.5” having a Portrait Image of President Abraham Lincoln with a heavy outer black “Mourning” border. No back stamp, having minor tone and some slight corner wear. The blank back has an old mounting trace at its center. A scarce Lincoln Assassination “Mourning” Carte de Visite........................................... (400-600)

Impressive 1865 Abraham Lincoln Mourning Ribbon

Lot 116 Page 40

Lot 117

117 c. 1865, Abraham Lincoln, Mourning Ribbon, Black Print on Paper, Choice Very Fine. This original, 7.75” x 2.5” Lincoln memorial ribbon has rich black printing on white period wove paper. There is a large, bold central oval Portrait of Abraham Lincoln facing right, with text above reading “In Victory” and below, “We Mourn a Martyred Patriot.” A thick black border surrounds the portrait. A horizontal fold runs through Lincoln’s hair and a second one runs across just below the lower text, overall being very clean, well centered and very bold in appearance........ ....................................................................................... (350-400)

Black History

Historic Civil War “Photo Op” That Never Really Happened

118 1884-Dated, Famous Civil War Theme Cabinet Card, Composite Advertising Souvenier Photograph, Entitled “Union Commanders,” with President Abraham Lincoln, Very Fine. This original 6.5” x 4.25” Cabinet Card shows a Historic Civil War theme Composite Photographic Image of a seated President Abraham Lincoln, flanked by: Admiral Farragut, General W. T. Sherman, General George H. Thomas, General George G. Meade, General/President Ulysses S. Grant, General Joseph Hooker, General Philip H. Sheridan and General Winfield S. Hancock.

19th Century Black History African Head Design Pipe Bowl

120 19th Century, Black History Related Pipe Bowl, African Head Portrait Design, Clay, Fine. This is an original, authentic Black History related Pipe Head, no stem present, made of fired Clay, measuring about 1.25” high. It was formed in a mold, joining the two halves with a fine seam at center. This is an above average example that was actually used, the left side slightly darkend from smoke and having a deeply designed hair and facial details with ears intact as part of his profile. An important, sad reminder of the previous history of American racial exploitation..... (250-300)

Scarce Frederick County, Maryland Slave Tax Document

Grant stands to Lincolns left and appears in suit and tie rather than uniform. Below the image is printed, “Copyrighted by the Notman Photo Co. Limited, Boston. - With Compliments of the Travelers Insurance Company.” Also, at bottom of card is printed, “Union Commanders. - The Notman Photo Co. Limited. 3 Park St. Boston”. Large backstamp printed in gold ink, “With Compliments of - The Travelers - Life and Accident Insurance Company, - Of Hartford, Conn.” Minor scattered toning, the upper right corner is bent, overall a truly wonderful and extremely rare image. The very first we have offered.............................................. (400-500)

121 1858-Dated Pre Civil War, Partially-Printed Document, lists SLAVE, for payment of Tax on owning a Slave(s), Used, Choice Crisp Near Mint. This rare, original document was made to “Mr. Richard Cranswick” and to be presented “To the Sheriff of Frederick County” for collection of his State and County personal property assets for 1858. This document leaves room to put in how many Slaves were owned. This item being boldly printed in deep black on bright, fresh white wove period paper that has not been folded and having impressive overall eye appeal..................... (275-375)

Lincoln Ribbon with Quotation From Gettysburg Address

Excellent Content 1862 Richmond, Virginia Slave Auction Letter Written Upon Civil War Union Patriotic Stationery

119 Woven Souvenier Silk Ribbon with Portrait of Abraham Lincoln, American Flag and Quotation from the Gettysburg Address, Adhered upon its original souvenier Calendar Sheet, Choice Mint. This beautiful multicolored woven silk ribbon, measuring 13.5” x 2.5” including its original red tassel at bottom. It has has a heraldic eagle with shield and 44 star American flag at the top, a portrait of President Lincoln in the center with a scroll below reading “Emancipation Proc(lamation),” and a quotation at the bottom with words taken from the Gettysburg Address and the Second Inaugural Address. This bright, clean Silk Ribbon is stitched in red, blue, black, brown and gray. It is affixed at the very top to a slightly larger heavy wove paper sheet, having a printed calendar for the year 1916 below. It has the text, “This is a Specimen of ‘Art in Weaving’ Made in Paterson, N.J. ‘The Silk City.’” Other examples of this ribbon have sold at auction for as much as $800. This example is in virtually mint condition and is perfect for display.......................................................... (400-500)

122 September 9, 1862-Dated Civil War Period, Southern Slave Owner’s Slave Auction Sale Letter, Written Upon Civil War Union Patriotic Stationery, Choice Extremely Fine. This is an original, very rare Civil Wardated Southern Slave Owner’s, 2 pages, 7.5” x 4.5”, Manuscript Letter with instructions for the Immediate Sale of his two Slaves. It is written by Charles Cook, on colorful red and blue printed “Union” Patriotic Stationery, a vignette at top left depicting General George B. McClellan, sent from Howletts, [Va.], Sept. 9, 1862 to Slave Auctioneers, Dickinson & Hill, at Richmond. This letter regards the sale of his two Slaves, who had most likely runaway, since another person here is also specifically mentioned, “Robert Lumpkin” who was a well known and infamous Richmond Slave Dealer, who is known to have jailed and punished runaway Slaves. This great content letter reads, in part:

“you will please sell the two negroes referred to at the first favorable moment you will not pay Mr. [Robert] Lumpkin [Richmond slave jailer] anything, as I prefer to settle his bill myself. Please do the best possible for me in the sale of the two negroes. Susan is not more than 18 years old probably not over 16 and perfectly sound and healthy. The woman Elizabeth is about 26, I think, and is perfectly sound as far as I am informed; they were both raised on this place. I will be in Richmond some day this week”.

A most unusual association of a Slave auction house and also a known Slave jailer! In addition, this Slave owner is writing to his auctioneer on all-American “Union” red, white and blue patriotic stationery. This is quite amazing, unusual and the very the first we have seen and unique as such!........................... (1,200-1,500) Page 41

1862 Richmond, Virginia Slave Auctioneer Sale Letter by the Commander of the Third Brigade of Northern Virginia

1863 African American Negro Troops by the Union Army

124 1863-Dated American Civil War Period. 1st Edition. Pamphlet Imprint titled: “General Washington and General Jackson on Negro Soldiers,” Advocating the Use of African American / Negro Troops by the Union Army, by Henry Carey Baird. Philadelphia, Very Fine. This very rare and historically important Civil War Pamphlet measures approximately 5 5/8” x 8 5/8” and contains 8 pages, with its content and theme being a convincing treatment of the past strength, valor and patriotism of the American Negro Soldier. It is self bound (as issued) and is in very good condition, being complete and intact with no evidence that the pamphlet had ever been bound into a volume. The pages are generally clean with a few small spots, some light edge wear and a light central vertical crease.

123 October 10, 1862-Dated Civil War Period, Manuscript Letter by Colonel Alexander G. Taliaferro, 23rd Virginia, a Southern Slave Owner’s Slave Auction Sale Instruction Letter, Choice Very Fine. This is an original, Civil War-dated Southern Slave Owner’s, 1 page, 9” x 5.75”, Manuscript Letter having urgent instructions for the Immediate Sale of his two Slaves. It is written by written by Col. Alexander G. Taliaferro, 23rd Virginia, Rapidan Station, [Va.], Oct. 10, 1862 to Slave Auctioneers, Dickinson & Hill, at Richmond. This very direct letter regards the sale of his Slave Servants by this well known Richmond Slave Auction company. This historic content letter reads, in part: “Sell my Servants at the earliest possible moment! Do not defer it even for a Day! They may decline rapidly and are now high. Sell all”. This letter is Signed by Taliaferro as Commander of the Third Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. Alexander Galt TALIAFERRO (1808-1884) was a William & Mary College graduate who married Chief Justice John Marshall’s granddaughter. He practiced law at Culpeper, Virginia. Became Captain of the 13th Virginia on May 28, 1861, then Lt. Colonel of the 23rd Virginia on Sept. 12, 1861. He was wounded in the shoulder at Kernstown, Va. and later in the hand at Second Manassas, afterwards transferred to the Invalid Corps in 1865. A most desperate sounding letter of instruction to this Slave Auction House, which is nicely written and clearly readable in deep brown ink upon plain period paper, having a thin prior mounting strip trace along the extreme right reverse edge.................... (600-800)

1-Star Rarely Encountered Vintage “LIBERIA” Flag

Page 42

Through the use of numerous and extended quotations from Revolutionary War General George Washington and also War of 1812 General Andrew Jackson, the author expounds on the historically record of the use of African American Troops during the American Revolution and the War of 1812. There are many passages quoted from both Washington and Jackson extolling the virtues and courage of the Negro Soldier. At the end, the author asks the question... “If our fathers and grandfathers saw fit to arm and employ Black Soldiers in the defense of this nation, why should we hesitate to do so now?” Certainly, this 1st Edition. pamphlet would be an important addition to any Civil War and/or Black History collection or library. The first we have offered of this important Black History imprint.................................... (400-500)

125 c. 1890s Parade Size Flag, Country of “LIBERIA,” Printed with 1-Star and 11-Stripes, on Cotton Muslin Cloth, Choice Extremely Fine. This rare Printed Parade Flag displays only 1-Star and 11-Stripes being of the early, turn of the 19th century era and measures 17” x 11-3/8”. The Liberian flag bears close resemblance to the flag of the United States, showing the ex-American Slave origins of the country. The Liberian flag has similar red and white stripes, as well as a blue square with a white star in the canton. The eleven stripes symbolize the signatories of the Liberian Declaration of Independence, red and white symbolizing courage and moral excellence. The white star represents the freedom the ex-Slaves were given, above the blue square representing the African mainland. It is basically a copy of the United States flag, The Liberia flag was officially adopted on July 26, 1847. This historic flag for collectors of Black History, with an important connection to the United States and Slavery.............................................. (275-375)

1891 “History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 1863-1865”

126 1891-Dated, 1st Edition, Hardcover Book, Cover entitled, “A BRAVE BLACK REGIMENT,” Black History Related Civil War Union Regimental History of the 54th Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Colored Infantry, Choice Very Fine. This is the rare original, 1st Edition volume that is fully titled, “History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 1863-1865”, By Luis F. Emilio, Boston, 1891, Published by The Boston Book Company. Historically exceedingly important, this 1st Edition Regimental History of the 54th Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry which was among the first, and the most storied of all Black / African American Union Regiments to serve during the Civil War. This is the very Regiment whose story was told by the Academy Award Winning Motion Picture, “Glory”. This outstanding Civil War Regimental History measures about 6,25” x 8.5” and contains 410 pages, plus 9 maps (two of which are fold-outs), as well as numerous photographic plates depicting officers and enlisted members of the 54th Mass. Offered here is the first Regimental History of the first Civil War regiment comprised of Free Black Volunteers, from a Northern state. It was led by Colonel Robert Gould Shaw, a Boston abolitionist. Among its members, were two sons of Frederick Douglass. In 1863, the 54th Regiment led the attack on Fort Wagner, at the entrance of Charleston Harbor. They lost the battle and 50 per cent of the unit were killed or wounded, including Colonel Shaw. Several weeks later, a replenished 54th again lead an attack on Fort Wagner and this time captured the Fort. The unit continued to serve until the end of the war, with most of their battles fought in South Carolina. The existence of the 54th Mass encouraged the formation of more Union Black regiments and eventually 180,000 black soldiers were serving in the Union army. This important, Black regiment, Civil War Regimental History is in very nice overall condition. It is bound in its original green cloth with gilt lettering that is sound, intact and very well preserved. The gilt lettering on the spine and front cover is crisp and bold with no fading or wear. The extremities are lightly bumped and the cloth is very clean except for a light, 1.5” diameter small stain at the bottom of the rear board. The interior pages are complete, tight and very clean throughout with a couple of leaves exhibiting very minor edge chips caused by the publisher’s miss-cutting of the signatures. There is some soiling and a couple of small stains to the fore edge and the block is very slightly cocked. Overall, this is an exceptionally well preserved example of this very rare and historically important, Civil War Regimental History. This Volume is one of the rarest and most desirable of Civil War Regimental Histories. As this description is written, at the present time only three examples of this 1891, 1st Edition are offered for sale by online Book Dealers. One in listed in “very good condition” at $3,000., a second (Ex-Library Edition) at $1,950. and the third (with ex-library markings), a cracked spine and frayed extremities is offered at $1,350. This current example is superior in its quality to any of the above. This book related the story of the 54th Massachusetts Colored Regiment in great detail and with wonderful images and photographs. It directly relates to the famous Monument across from the Massachusetts State House on Boston Common, that is in honor of Robert Shaw and the 54th Regiment, as depicted by remarkable sculptor, Augustus St. Gaudens..............................................................................................................................................................(1,800-2,400) The 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment that saw extensive service in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The regiment was one of the first official black units in the United States during the Civil War. The 1st South Carolina Volunteer Infantry Regiment, recruited from freed slaves, was the first Union Army regiment organized with African American soldiers in the Civil War, though many had fought in the American Revolution and the War of 1812 on both sides. The regiment was disbanded after the Civil War, but retains a strong legacy. A monument, constructed 1884–1898 by Augustus Saint-Gaudens on the Boston Common, is part of the Boston Black Heritage Trail. A famous composition by Charles Ives, “Col. Shaw and his Colored Regiment”, the opening movement of Three Places in New England, is based both on the monument and the regiment. Colonel Shaw and his men also feature prominently in Robert Lowell’s Civil War Centennial poem “For the Union Dead” (1964); Lowell invokes the realism of the Saint-Gaudens monument in this stanza:

Decorative Arts Painting Of Civil War Union General Nelson Miles Wearing His Medal Of Honor

127 c.1880’s, Oil Painting of Union General Nelson A. Miles wearing the Medal Of Honor, Choice Very Fine. This wonderful portrait depicts General Nelson A. Miles, in full dress uniform, wearing the Medal Of Honor he earned at the Battle of Chancellorsville (May 1863). The unsigned portrait, done in oil on pressed board, measures 6.25 x 4.5,” and is presently housed in an old wooden frame. Apart from a few tiny scuffs, this painting is in great condition. Nelson Appleton Miles (1839-1925) as a Colonel of the 61st New York Infantry during the Civil War, earned a Medal Of Honor for his actions at the Battle of Chancellorsville (May 1863) in which he was severely wounded. He was promoted to Major General in 1865 and after the war commanded forces in the western Indian Wars. Unpopular with superior officers and even presidents, he was forced to retire in 1903.............. (2,000-3,000) Page 43

Wonderful Capt. Cook Prints of Alaska from the 1700s

Printing Block for the Medallion of German Physician “Willich” Dated 1550

128 c. 1750, Hand-Engraved Wooden Printing Block, for a Large Medallion of Jodocus Willich and dated 1550, About Extremely Fine. This rather large, impressive hand-engraved, wooden printing block, measuring 3.25” x 3.25” (print size 3”), is for a Portrait Medallion of German physician, Jodocus Willich (1501-1552), at age 49. This medallion is inscribed in Latin around the large central portrait, and Willich’s the date of the medallion, “15 - 50” being on either side of his head. This printing block is in excellent condition, aside from a small 1” section of the outer edge having broken away (now missing), taking a few letters of the inscription with it. Originally trained as a priest, Willich is best known for his four volume work on anatomy published 1543-1544. A very rare, likely unique and highly unusual, printing block representing a historic piece of early Medical History................. (1,000-1,500)

130 c. 1781, 11 Prints of Alaska, the American Northwest, and the Arctic, Choice Very Fine to Extremely Fine. These original prints were published in London by Alexander Hogg for use as illustrations in a book describing Captain James Cook’s Voyages. Each print is disbound and measures 9.75” x 14.75” and include the following titles: 1. The Inside of a House, in Nootka Sound; 2. The Tschuktschi, and their Habitations; 3. The Inside of the House in the Morai, in Atooi / Canoes of the Oonalashka; 4. A View of the Habitations in Nootka Sound; 5. A View of Snug Corner Cove in Prince William’s Sound; 6. Natives of Oonalashka, & their Habitations; 7. Portrait of a Man of Oonalashka / Portrait of a Woman of Oonalashka; 8. View of the Inside of a Winter-Habitation in Kamtschatka; 9. Exact Representation of the Inhabotants of Norton Sound, and of their Habitations, &c.; 10. A View of the Town and Harbor of St. Peter and St. Paul, in Kamtschatka; 11. The Inside of a House, in Oonalashka

Most of these imprints are in excellent condition for framing and display, though a couple have tight bottom margins, affecting the title; others have some light scattered foxing. Lot sold “as is”. (11 prints)....................................................................... (1,000-1,200)

Mint “Dr. Franklin Aged 84” Engraved Copper Plate Print

Hand-Engraved Original Woodblock Printing Plate of “A Priest Being Burned at the Stake”

129 c. 1750 (or earlier), Original Printing Hand-carved Woodblock & Print, of a Priest Being Burned at the Stake, Likely New England, Choice Extremely Fine. 2” x 2.25” x 1”- thick woodblock and its matching 2” x 2.25” uncolored modern print impression from the block, matted to 11” x 8.5.” A detailed graphic that would have accompanied an 18th century anecdote about witches and “maleficia”—the threat to do evil work on behalf of the devil. (The bottom of the block has a white tag noting that the image is possibly illustrated on p. 299 of an unnamed text about woodcuts). The woodblock is black in color from actual use and has a split from age but is still capable of printing sharp images. (2 items)................................................................... (2,000-2,500)

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131 (c. 1800) Print of Benjamin Franklin at Age 84, Engraved by D. Edwin, Uncolored, Later struck impression Off the Original Copper Plate, Very Choice Mint. This beautiful, stippled portrait of Benjamin Franklin, no date or place, is Signed in the Engraved Print by C.W. Peale (as the painter) and D. Edwin (as the engraver). Captioned, “Dr. Franklin Aged 84,” below the bust. The image shows an older, bespectacled view of Franklin. This lovely portrait was printed from a Copper Plate measuring 6.25” x 4” with a deep prooflike impression, into an overall larger later era white heavy wove paper sheet, to the overall size of 10” x 8.” This historic image is a copy of Charles Willson Peale’s portrait of Franklin made in 1785, upon Franklin’s return from completing peace negotiations in England (now on display at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts). Edwin must have made this engraving sometime in or after 1790, subsequent to Franklin’s death at age 84. A wonderful fresh looking print, the original engraved printing plate now being over 200 years old, which is highly suitable for framing and display....................................................... (300-400)

Historic Liverpool Creamware

Rare Large Colorful Historic Liverpool Creamware Pitcher

Wonderful and Unusual c. 1790 Liverpool Creamware Mug With A “Surprise” Ceramic Hand-Painted “FROG” Inside!

132 c. 1790, Rare Liverpool Creamware Mug, Masonic Transfers, With a Surprise... Ceramic Hand-Painted “FROG” Inside, Choice Extremely Fine. This wonderful, very rare design Liverpool Creamware Mug measures 4.75” tall x 3.5” at its base. It has a vivid black Masonic transfer showing a large Temple at center, with various typical Masonic symbols including; the Sun, Crescent Moon, “All Seeing Eye,” a Compass and much more. The Temple building is flanked on each side by tall columns topped with globes. On the left stands “Justice” holding her Scales and Sword. On the right stands “Knowledge” holding her Magnifying Glass. Under the building is the poem which reads: “The world is in pain, Our secrets to gain, But still let them wonder agaze, They ne’er can devine, The word nor the sign Of a Free an Accepted MASON.” Below the poem is, “J. PHILLIPS & Co. Sunderland Potery.” As a special added surprise feature, inside this Mug is a 2.75” tall Hand-painted green Ceramic Frog looking upwards and as made. There are no chips or detractions, as this mug is in excellent quality. A truly great, piece and the first we have seen with a cute looking Frog inside!.............................................................. (1,000-1,500)

133 c. 1805, Historic Liverpool Creamware Pitcher, with Seven Different Transfers, including: “WASHINGTON IN GLORY,” a Colorful 15-Star American Flag Sailing Ship with “INDUSTRY” below and “FRANCIS STEVENS” under spout and more, Choice Extremely Fine or better. This is an original, quite magnificent looking, Historic Liverpool Creamware Pitcher which measures a large size of 10.5” tall x 5.5” at its base. There are Seven separate Transfers, one either side and two located below the spout. There is a large, scarce style “Washington in Glory” memorial black transfer, added below the text: “AMERICA IN TEARS” and “A MAN without example A PATRIOT without reproach.” Under the spout are two smaller transfers, “FRANCIS STEVENS” within a wheat and laurel wreath and an early style Federal American Heraldic Eagle with 15 Stars, representing the 15 United States at that time. The other large transfer in a highly Colorful 15-Star American Flag Sailing Ship. Under the Sailing Ship is the legend “INDUSTRY” and the words, “When this you see, Remember me, Tho’ many Leagues We distant be.” An additional small transfer is found under the handle, being is a floral design. This outstanding Historic Liverpool Creamware Pitcher is in excellent quality. It is clean and bold with one faint tone spot upon the base rim at bottom beneath the spout. This highly colorful and impressive Liverpool Pitcher is of museum quality and ready for placement on display............. ................................................................................. (3,750-4,500)

Liverpool Creamware Pitcher With Legends: “THE BLESSINGS of PEACE” and “THE MISERIES OF WAR” 134 c. 1810, Historic Liverpool Creamware Pitcher “THE BLESSINGS of PEACE” and “THE MISERIES OF WAR,” Very Choice Extremely Fine. This quality Liverpool Creamware Pitcher measures 8.5” tall x 4.5” at its base. There are two black Transfer scenes displayed. One side has “Peace” consists of a mother reading to her three children under a tree, with a group of older children and the father doing the harvest in the background. The other side has a “War” scene, which shows two wounded men on the ground, one being tended to by a woman and the other one has a man rushing to his side to give aide. In the background are two buildings, apparently representing their homes, burning. An excellent example having no cracks, chips or noticeable detractions, thus excellent for display......................................... (1,800-2,400)

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Early Child’s Printed Handkerchief “Jack the Giant Killer”

135 c. 1800 Child’s Printed Cotton Textile Handkerchief headed, “Jack the Giant Killer,” featuring vignette images depicting scenes from the British Fairy Tale of the same name, Likely American made, possibly British, Choice Very Fine. This late 18th or early 19th Century, Red Printed on Textile measures about 10” x 7.75” and is made of a delicate and finely woven white cotton fabric. The fabric is well printed, clean and has no staining, soiling or foxing. It features twelve different scenes from the story, “Jack the Giant Killer,” including images of at least seven different Giants (one, two and three headed variations).

Each scene is captioned with text such as “Jack Killing Giant Cormorant”; “Jack Outwitting the Welsh Giant”; “Jack Cutting Off a Giant’s Head” (this is not a tale for the squeamish child); etc. The scenes are separated by a geometric pattern and there is a simple, printer’s border around the edges. This early textile is undated and unsigned by the manufacturer but the style of the illustrations, date it to the late 18th or very early 19th century. The image are very similar to those found in very early, illustrated Chap Books of this classic story. A very rare and highly attractive, c. 1800 Printed Children’s Handkerchief similar to several other examples illustrated in THREADS OF HISTORY, pages 80 and 129 (later issues) this specific design NOT LISTED IN “THREADS,” also the first we have seen.................................................. (800-1,000)

Nice Indian Wars Era United States Army Officers Photo

137 c. 1885 Indian Wars Period, Oversized Mounted Cabinet Photograph, measuring a large size of 7.5” x 9.5”, taken of Seven United States Army 6th Infantry Officers and Non-coms, Choice Very Fine. This original, oversized mounted Cabinet Photograph was taken by an unknown photographer circa 1885. Their hat insignia identifies them as 6th Infantry, as they pose at the opening of a tent. There are two soldiers who are holding their Staff Officers swords, possibly of National Guard, not regular army. It is in very nice condition with one small corner water stain at the lower left that does not intrude into the main image itself. Scarce, specially in this large size and having such sharpness, excellent tone and clarity............................................................... (300-400)

Rare Snuff Box for Zachary Taylor “Gen. Zach. Taylor. Old Rough and Ready The Hero of the War with Mexico” 136 GENERAL ZACHARY TAYLOR. Decorative Historic Bust Portrait Snuffbox, Choice Extremely Fine. Zachary Taylor (November 24, 1784 - July 9, 1850) was the 12th President of the United States (1849-1850). Taylor was a historic American military leader who ran as a Whig in the 1848 Presidential election, defeating Lewis Cass. Taylor was the last President to hold Slaves while in office, and the last Whig to win a Presidential election.

This is an original round Commemorative Memorial Snuffbox, having a central Bust Portrait of a rather senior Zachary Taylor facing right in his civilain dresscoat printed in black, upon a bright golden-copper reflective background. It measures 3.5” in diameter and .75” high. The text surrounds the portrait reads, “GEN. ZACH. TAYLOR. - Old Rough and Ready - The Hero of the War with Mexico”. There are some minor edge chips, deft conservation and actual honest wear. Overall, this is an attractive, museum quality snuff box that has a great image and is vastly superior to most encountered of this genre. Very rare....................... (2,500-3,000)

Known as “Old Rough and Ready,” Taylor had a forty-year military career in the United States Army, serving in the War of 1812, the Black Hawk War, and the Second Seminole War. He achieved fame leading American troops to victory in the Battle of Palo Alto and the Battle of Monterrey during the Mexican–American War. As president, Taylor angered many Southerners by taking a moderate stance on the issue of slavery. He urged settlers in New Mexico and California to bypass the territorial stage and draft constitutions for statehood, setting the stage for the Compromise of 1850. Taylor died just 16 months into his term, the third shortest tenure of any President. He is thought to have died of gastroenteritis. Only Presidents William Henry Harrison and James Garfield served less time.

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Scarce 1918 World War I “Jewish Welfare Board” Poster

138 November 11, 1918-Dated WW I, “Jewish Welfare Board,” Patriotic Fundraising Poster, Very Fine. This 32” x 22” TwoColor, Brown & Blue Poster is by Sidney Reisenberg being signed in the printed poster, and printed by Alex Gravure, Inc, New York, for the Jewish Welfare Board. There are some very tiny edge wrinkles, two fine 2” long edge splits at left that are repaired on the reverse, plus some moderate humidity tone at the bottom and left sides. This historic WW I Poster depicts a blue “Star of David” to the left of a wonderfully depicted Doughboy, a soldier raising his hand toward the viewer. It asks civilians to contribute to the United War Work Campaign of 1918. At top it reads, “Civilians, When we go through this we need all the help and comfort you can give.” At bottom, “The Jewish Welfare Board, United War Work Campaign - Week of November 11, 1918”.

The poster’s artist, Sidney H. Riesenberg, became noted as both a major illustrator and a painter. He did covers and interior work for such magazines as Harpers, Scribners, Collier’s and the Saturday Evening Post. Riesenberg’s paintings were mainly of a Western genre, his original oils are actively sought after and have been setting record prices at recent auctions. He reached his peak as an illustrator during WW I, being personally inspired by the war effort. His major works include “Remember The Flag of Liberty” (the famed immigrant 3rd Liberty Loan poster) and the dramatic “Over The Top For You.” A nice even tone runs through the piece, and it is in truly excellent condition. We have sold other examples of this classic poster for upwards of $1,200 in prior auctions....... ....................................................................................... (600-800)

New York In Flames & The Statue Of Liberty Destroyed

140 World War I, Liberty Bonds Poster, “That Liberty Shall Not Perish From the Earth” by Joseph Pennell, Showing New York in Flames and the Statue of Liberty Destroyed, Extremely Fine. This stunning World War I Liberty Bonds Poster, done in orange and brown, shows a squadron of (German) biplanes flying over New York City to bomb it, while it is already in flames. The Brooklyn Bridge has collapsed and the Statue of Liberty is in ruins, with a U-boat skulking nearby. Printed by Heywood, Strasser & Voigt Litho Co. in New York, this 40.5” x 28” poster was originally to be titled “Buy Bonds or you will See This,” but the publisher changed the title. This poster is also known to have been printed by Ketterlinus in Philadelphia. The phrase, “That Liberty Shall Not Perish From the Earth” was probably suggested by the ending of Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address. This poster is in nice, solid considtion with some trivial edge roughness at its bottom edge. Although the print run of this poster exceeded more than two million copies the poster is very tough to find because it was printed on an exceedingly poor paper stock. A heart-stopping image, perhaps more appropriate today than 97 years ago, specially with it appearing so close to the imagery of New York City from “9-11”............................................................................. (600-800)

Bold & Historic “Philadelphia” 1960s TWA Travel Poster 139 c. 1960s, TWA Travel Poster titled, “Philadelphia,” With the Benjamin Franklin Statue, by “Litho in U.S.A.-5-E.L.” Choice Very Fine. This fabulous large and colorful, original TWA Travel Poster measures 40” x 25”. Poster is advertisement for TWA, Trans World Airlines, flying to Philadelphia. Depicts an early airliner flying over Independence Hall and a statue of William Penn. Vibrant colors of red, white blue and bronze. Signed in print by the lithographer, “Swanson”. Minor edge wrinkling at the lower right corner. A magnificent, highly patriotic promotional Poster for “Philadelphia” naturally with Benjamin Franklin. A great display item!......................................................... (500-600)

 Page 47

Historic Political

Very Rare Style Andrew Jackson Silk Mourning Ribbon

Original 1843 Poem Ridicules Wisconsin’s 2nd Governor

141 Frederic Augustus Sprague (1794-1865). Prominent Physician from Eagle, Wisconsin and State Senator. December 23, 1843Dated Autograph Letter Signed, “Frederic A Sprague”, 2 pages, measuring 12.5” x 8” with Integral Stampless Address Leaf, Very Fine. This boldly writtem, brown in upon period paper letter has some very minor tone with some minor edge repairs. Frederic Sprague comments to Jonathan Parsons (a new member of the Territorial Legislature), on political matters and his personal scorn for Wisconsin’s second Territorial Govenor, James D. Doty. It reads, in part:

“i was pleased to hear...that old Coon Doty out of the way and some decent man in his place,... then you and the honorable Gentlemen who compose our Legislature, might enjoy yourselves this winter, and do a great deal of good for the Territory & the people... that old Coons message (i think) is an insult to the Legislature and to the people... i often wonder what such things as Gnats, Musquetoes, Skunks, Doty and Snakes were made for... perhaps were it not for these infernal creatures, we Badgers who are Blest...” Sprague then transcribes what appears to be an original 6 stanza poem, a satire on Doty and the politics of the day. It begins: “So let old Doty still go on, With all his monkey shines, - He soon must up Salt River go - And leave us here behind.” (2nd stanza:) “Yes up Salt River he must go - Along with ‘Tyler too’ - And Webster, Ewing, Henry Clay, - And all the federal Crew.” (3rd Stanza:) “And then no more these Coons will sing, - ‘We’l Burst the Dutchmans Boiler’ - But all must go to catching froggs - Along with ‘Captain Tyler’.” ( 4th stanza:) “And then (i think) you’d laugh to see, - So many hairy Coons - Groaning because they lied so much - About the ‘Golden Spoons’.” (5th stanza:) “Their is no use for us to try - To ever till the ground, - While that old Coon is at the Helm - And others lurk around.”(Last stanza:) “But when the Coons they are all dead - Or up salt river gone, - Then we once more will start the plow, - And try to raize some Corn.”

143 c. 1845, Andrew Jackson Memorial Silk Mourning Ribbon, Choice Very Fine. This is an original, 6.75” x 3” Andrew Jackson Mourning Ribbon, printed in black on white silk. It is extremely well centered and printed. The central design is surrounded by a thick black “mourning” frame, with a portrait of Jackson at the top. Below that portrait is a dramatic action scene of Jackson riding into battle with an American Flag behind him, flanked by black flags as drapery and an American eagle, shield, cannon, muskets and drum, with the text, “General - Andrew Jackson - The Hero - Battle of New-Orleans. Below: “Born March 15th, 1767. - Died June 8th, 1845. - Aged 78 Years.” Some traces of old hinges at top and bottom. Overall, quite pleasing and rare, being the first of this impressive design we have offered..................... (400-600)

Superb Quality “The Union and the Constitution” Silk 144 c. 1860 Civil War Period, Colorful Patriotic Silk Ribbon, “The Union and the Constitution,” Superb Mint. This original 5.75” x 2.5” highly colorful Red, Black and Blue on White, Patriotic Silk Ribbon has a vignette of “Lady Liberty” Standing and holding a 34-Star American Flag and Sword. Behind her is the United States Capitol Building of the day with a flag flying atop. A stack of cannon balls to her right and an American Heraldic Eagle with shield to her left. The legend, “The Union and the Constitution” at bottom. The vertical scalloped edges are a nice decorative touch, as made. This ribbon is bright, fresh, never folded or creased, making it a superb example for display...........................(400-500)

A superb Wisconsin Territorial period content, historic Letter and original Political Poem, that simply doesn’t hold back!................ ....................................................................................... (600-900)

Gorgeous Henry Clay Silk Presidential Campaign Ribbon 142 May 24, 1844-Dated, Henry Clay Presidential Campaign Silk Ribbon, Sullivan-Fischer HC-46. Very Choice Mint. This exceptional quality Henry Clay, Dubbed the “Great Compromiser,” Presidential Campaign Silk Ribbon measures 6.75” x 2.75,” and was engraved by Bannerman. It is boldly printed in black on white silk. This specimen has excellent centering with wonderful eye appeal. This piece features a nice central portrait image of Clay, here called “Harry of the West.” An American Heraldic Eagle is perched above his oval portrait. This silk ribbon was made for the “YOUNG MENS WHIG NATIONAL - CONVENTION held in BALTIMORE. - May 24, 1844.” with the text below reading, “The Farmer of Ashland - Honor to whom Honor is due”. A truly marvelous, beautiful and historic, scarce Political silk ribbon...... ....................................................................................... (400-500)

Page 48

Jefferson Davis & Alexander Stephens Confederate Presidential Electoral Ticket From the State of Virginia

“LLOYD’S NEW POLITICAL CHART, 1861. With a Map of the United States, Showing the Free States, Border Slave States, Cotton States, and Territories in Different Colors.”

145 (JEFFERSON DAVIS & ALEXANDER STEPHENS), President and Vice President of the Confederate States of America. Original and authentic Printed “Electoral Ticket For President And Vice President,” for the Confederate States of America. It is well printed black ink on yellow-tan wove period paper, for the State of Virginia, measuring approximately 5” x 3.5”, Choice Extremely Fine. Header reads: “For President JEFFERSON DAVIS, Of Mississippi / For Vice President ALEXANDER STEPHENS, Of Georgia.” Other VA. State candidates for offices are printed below, including at top: JOHN R. EDMUNDS, of Halifax (VA). John R. Edmunds (b. c1812), of Halifax County, was a wealthy planter who constructed a vital link of railway for the Confederacy, was pardoned June 16, 1865. Signed in ink on the back by the Southern voter who cast this ballot. Some slight chipping, otherwise bold, clean and clear. Very Rare on this color paper and is a very nice example for display................. (375-450)

Impeachment Trial of President Andrew Johnson Ticket

146 April 30, 1868-Dated, Engraved Admission Ticket, to the Gallery of the United States Senate for the Impeachment Trial of President Andrew Johnson, Very Fine. This original Admission Ticket measures 3.5” x 3” and is printed in black on heavy, bright yellow card stock. It was apparently used, as there is no left side stub present. It was printed by Philp & Solomons of Washington, D.C. A diagonal crease runs from the top to bottom. The text is printed in black ink and reads: “U. S. Senate - Impeachment of the President - Admit the bearer - April 30th, 1868 - Gallery” and is Signed in Print by the Sergeant at Arms, George F. Brown. This Ticket is for Impeachment proceedings in the Senate Chamber taking place on April 30, 1868. An impressive, highly colorful example of this very historic and monumental American political event............................................................................... (450-650) On May 26, 1968, the Senate acquitted President Johnson of all the articles of impeachment which were brought against him earlier by the House of Representatives. The House had voted on February 24 to impeach the president by a vote of 126 to 47. The Senate vote to acquit was 35 to 19, just one short of the two-thirds required for conviction and removal from office.

147 1861-Dated Civil War Period, Hand-colored Printed Broadside, “LLOYD’S NEW POLITICAL CHART, 1861. With a Map of the United States, Showing the Free States, Border Slave States, Cotton States, and Territories in Different Colors.”, Published by H.H. Lloyd & Co., Choice Very Fine. This outstanding, original Broadside Poster measures 35.25” x 27.25” (by sight), professionally framed under glass for display to an overall size of 40.75” x 32.75” in a decorative, inner gilt lined wooden frame. It is simply a fantastic piece of Civil War Period Political Americana. It includes a veritable almanac of information that has outstanding imagery to decorate any wall, replete with numerous historic Portraits including; President Abraham Lincoln and his Cabinet, Lt. Gen. Winfield Scott, Maj. Robert Anderson, and others. Each portrait is accompanied by its biography.

Various other charts show; “Popular Vote for President, 1860.,” the “Relative Rank of States for Different Decades.,” the “Population of the United States.,” the “Population of Territories in 1860.” and others. There are some sealed internal tears, minor edge chips at the upper corners and is overall truly a very nice, museum quality decorative item, that seems perfect for Abraham Lincoln, Political Prints or Civil War collectors alike.......................... (1,500-2,000) Page 49

“Proclamation ! - JAMES A. GARFIELD is dead !”

148 September 23, 1881-Dated, President James A. Garfield Mourning Broadside, Pella, Iowa, Printed by “Blade” Steam Printing House, Very Fine. This large, original Black Bordered “Mourning Broadside” measures 21.5” x 14” and is headed: “Proclamation!” Printed in deep black on off-white wove period paper, with a heavy black outer border. Some trivial tone, paper loss at the centerfolds from actual use. The text reads, in full:

“JAMES A. GARFIELD is dead! The peoples’s chosen magistrate, honored and esteemed by millions, is no more! It is, however, unnecessary to proclaim this sad fact to the citizens of Pella. The dreadful intelligence has reached the ears of and brought deep grief to every heart within her corporate limits. In view of the terrible calamity which has befallen our beloved country, and that heartfelt sympathy so universally expressed in behalf of the bereaved family may in a public manner be shown, I earnestly request that upon Monday, the 26th inst., the day upon which the President’s remains will be laid to rest, that the citizens of Pella abstain from their business avocations, that the churches and business houses be appropriately draped in mourning, and that upon that day ALL attend religious services, due notice of which will hereafter be given. - Given under my hand, at Pella, Iowa, this 23rd day of September, A.D. 1881. - H.M. McCully, Mayor of Pella.”

Teddy Roosevelt “He’s Good Enough for Me” Silk Ribbon

150 1904 Presidential Campaign Multi-colored Silk Ribbon, Theodore Roosevelt, With its Original Pin, Choice Extremely Fine. This origin, large size 9.5” x 3” Silk Ribbon, still has the original pin for mounting to a coat lapel. Multi-colored, with “Republican Party” at top and a circular bust of Teddy Roosevelt enclosed by crossed flags. Below that is a full length figure of a printer pointing to a streamer inscribed with, “He’s Good Enough for Me” and an inscription that reads, “and so is the whole Republican Ticket” below. A panel listing Roosevelt and Fairbanks and the candidates for seven local offices on left side and a keystone inscribed “Election Tuesday November 8th 1904” at bottom. Some red color stain at the extreme right edge. Listed as “TR-33” on page 321 of “American Political Ribbons and Ribbon Badges 1825 - 1981”, by Edmund B. Sullivan and Roger A. Fischer........ ....................................................................................... (200-300)

Theodore Roosevelt “Stand by the Republican Party” Silk

This authentic 1881 dated Broadside has full broad margins and it well centered, making it excellent for proper framing and display............................................................................ (250-350)

Teddy Roosevelt Rough Rider On Carrying A Large Flag

151 Presidential Campaign Multi-colored Silk Ribbon, Theodore Roosevelt, With its Original Pin, Choice Extremely Fine. This original, large size 9.5” x 3” Presidential Campaign Silk Ribbon, still has the original pin for mounting to a coat lapel. Multi-colored, with “Stand by the Republican Party” at top and a globe with a map of the United States enscribed “World Power” and surmounted by four flags with pennants reading, “Sound Money, Patriotism, Protection and Progress”. A list of candidates for eight local offices flanked at sides by entwined columns. A circular bust of Teddy Roosevelt at bottom. Listed as “TR-22” on page 319 of “American Political Ribbons and Ribbon Badges 1825 - 1981”, by Edmund B. Sullivan and Roger A. Fischer............... (200-300)

1906 Theodore Roosevelt “Fair Play & A Square Deal” Silk 149 Republican Campaign Multi-colored Silk Ribbon, Theodore Roosevelt, With its Original Pin, Choice Extremely Fine. This original, large size 9.5” x 3.25” Silk Ribbon, still has the original pin for mounting to a coat lapel. Multi-colored, with “Republican Party” at top with Teddy Roosevelt in Rough Rider attire riding a horse and carrying a large flag with a streamer reading “Stalwart Republicanism to the Front”. Under that is a celluloid bust of Weaver enclosed by a wreath with “Our Next Mayor” on a scroll above and “John Weaver” on a bow below. “Magistrate James Fealy” on a scroll, with “Election Tuesday” on a panel and “February 17th 1903” on a shield at bottom. Listed as “TR-8” on page 318 in “American Political Ribbons and Ribbon Badges 1825 - 1981”, by Edmund B. Sullivan and Roger A. Fischer. Very scarce......... ....................................................................................... (275-350) Page 50

152 1906-Dated Local Political Campaign Silk Ribbon, Theodore Roosevelt, “Fair Play & A Square Deal,” With its Original Pin, Choice Mint. This original, large size 9.5” x 3” Silk Ribbon, still has the original pin for mounting to a coat lapel. Boldly printed in blue on off-white silk, with “Fair Play & A Square Deal” at top and a drawn bust of Roosevelt framed by a rosette and two streamers inscribed, “Republican Ticket 1906”. Lower text reads, “Vote For Magistrate Charles P. Rooney and the Whole Republican Ticket” inside an ornate frame. Minor folds. Listed as “TR-41” on page 322 of “American Political Ribbons and Ribbon Badges 1825 - 1981”, by Edmund B. Sullivan and Roger A. Fischer...................................(200-300)

Historic Americana

c. 1820s Mary Steiner’s Bound Sheet Music of Popular Songs American Printed In Baltimore and Philadelphia

Rare Design “LA FAYETTE - Born 1757 - Died 1834” Silk

153 1834 The Nation Mourns a Hero Gone. Black imprint upon White Silk, measuring a large 8.75” x 2.5”, Extremely Fine. This is an original Commemorative Silk Ribbon having a thick memorial black bar over the bust of Lafayette, aged head with Laurel wreath and also in a large Laurel, “THE - NATION MOURNS - A HERO GONE”. Intricately patterned square depicts urn on tomb, “LA FAYETTE - Born 1757, - Died 1834. At base LONG TRIED - AND - NEVER FOUND WANTING.” Some light folds, minor scattered stain and tone with several pinholes at the base where this ribbon was previously attached and actually worn! A very scarce design.................................................................. (375-450)

155 c. 1820s Bound Volume, Sheet Music, Twenty Eight Popular Songs and Tunes, Most Published by G. Willig or John Cole (Baltimore circa 1820), 12” x 9” Sheets, With actual period notations, Mixed Condition, Fine to Very Fine. This in an original, fully authentic Bound volume of about 28 different pieces of Sheet music of popular songs and tunes belonging to “MARY STEINER” that name being gold embossed into the hardcover. most published by G. Willig or John Cole, Baltimore (circa 1820) and in Philadelphia in the same timeframe. The printed pages are heavy wove rag-cotton period paper, printed in black. About ONE THIRD of the pages are Defective, having significant tears, chips or other assorted defects (not counted here towards the overall valuation). Two Thirds are still quite nice, being whole, solid well printed and complete. The cover shows wear, the pages are sometimes heavily worked with, having the owners notations and extensive musical comments, sold “as is” as such. It would seem that Mary Steiner was a musician herself, perhaps a performer or music teacher? She was definitely heavily using this book and its contents!

Rare 39-Star American Flag Made Circa 1875 “Dakotas”

A sampling of the various Songs and Tunes Include: “Auld Lang Syne”, “Drunken Sailor, or Columbus”, “The Queen of Prussia’s Favorite Waltz”, “New Orleans and Prague Waltzes, many, many more, etc... This is a wonderful, heavily used and obviously prized bond volume of post War of 1812 era, early American printed sheet music, in a very original presentation......................... (800-1,000)

Rare Circa 1850 Original “Kentucky Rifle Gunpowder” Can

154 c. 1875, 39-Star American Flag, Printed Cotton, Choice Near Mint. This rare parade size, 39-Star American Flag measures about 12” x 16.5” and is boldly printed on white cotton. This is a very rare and “unofficial” American Flag. In the 1875-76 period the Dakotas were first thought to be entered as one state within the Union. This Flag was likely produced during that time frame. Ultimately, the Dakotas actually became two separate States in 1889. This Flag has a rare configuration and pattern. It is in excellent overall condition having only some very light water traces along the right side and has been folded, apparently never used. A most historic American Flag. We previously sold a similar 18” x 30” 39-Star Flag on printed cotton in our EAHA Auction of May 16, 2009, Lot # 569, graded Extremely Fine (with some problems) at $1,711. This historic example appears to be in about equal overall quality...................................................................... (1,200-1,600)

156 c. 1850s, Original “KENTUCKY RIFLE GUNPOWDER” Can, Hazard Powder Co., Hazardville, CT, About Fine. This original 3.75” x 4” x 2” thick, metal can, is lacking the cap but contains a more modern cork. The body of the can is painted black with age-toned black and white printed label—illustrated with a frontiersman with beaver hat shooting a rifle, with his trusty dog at his feet. Label with minor chipping and scrapes. Minor wear to paint finish. Similar to the example printed on page 126 of “Gun Powder Cans & Kegs: the Bacyk Collection” by Bacyk, Bacyk & Rowe (1998) with a slightly different label................... (450-500) Page 51

c. 1840 Spectacular Hand-Painted On Silk Masonic Apron The Best Quality Masonic Apron We Have Ever Seen !

Superb 1886 “Battle Of Bunker Hill” Souvenir Pillow

( Our Front Cover Image )

158 1886-Dated, Souvenir Silk Embroidered Pillow, “Battle Of Bunker Hill,” Choice Near New. This original Souvenir Silk Embroidered Pillow of the “Battle Of Bunker Hill,” measures about 5” x 5.5”. It has a decorative central black printed on silk image of the monument, with Colonel William Prescott, the colonel who commanded the rebel forces at the Battle of Bunker Hill on June 17, 1775 upon it. It is told often told that Prescott cautioned his men “Do not fire until you see the whites of their eyes”. This Pillow reads “Bunker Hill 17th June Assoc. 1775 - 1886”. The pillow has four decorative round golden devices in the corners and an outer lace and silk fringe. Overall, it is in excellent condition with the exception of a couple of light age spots. Undoubtedly extremely rare. This example being the very first we have seen and offered..................................................................... (300-400)

1893 Worlds Fair Quilt With Portraits of Famous Inventors

157 c. 1840, Superb Ornate Hand-Painted Silk Masonic Apron with Fringe, Housed in a Custom Plexiglas Frame, Choice Near Mint. This original, full size and colorful 18” x 17” Masonic Apron is made from brilliant crimson red Silk background with a beautiful multicolor Hand-Painted devices. It is remarkable and highly unusual, with a fabulous scene of an Native American Indian offering his Peace Pipe to a White Man, dressed in his claw hammer coat and stove top beaver hat (who looks remarkably like Abraham Lincoln but is not), with a teepee in a stand of trees in the woods behind them. Traditional typical Masonic symbols are present including; a Sun, Crescent Moon and Seven Stars, the All Seeing Eye, Justice Scales, Clasped Hands, and a Laurel Wreath are all present, being hand-painted in bright gold gilt. There is an impressive braided border in blue and white thread, with the apron and bib having dark forest green fringe.

This Masonic apron remains in superb original condition. It has no tears, no stains or defects and only a few tiny areas of paint loss on creases that do not distract. This extraordinary specimen has been professionally and archivally mounted on linen within a valuable custom made thin box frame made out of protective Plexiglas on its front and all four sides for viewing. This spectacular Hand-Painted On Silk Masonic Apron is the single finest design and Masonic item in general, that we have ever encountered. It is absolutely unique in its design, of museum quality in its extraordinary state of preservation, and is ready for immediate and prominent display. (Ex: Rex Stark Americana Catalog 2003.).............. (6,000-8,000) Page 52

159 1893, Worlds Columbian Exposition Quilt, Decorated on Both Sides with Portraits of Famous Inventors and Scenes from the Fair, Made for Cochrane’s Turkey Red Works, Choice Very Fine. This spectacular quilt, made as a souvenir for the 1893 Chicago Worlds Fair, measures 8 feet in length by 6.5 feet in width, and is decorated with an ornate, brown and orange print on both sides, depicting George Washington and 3 famous inventors, and scenes at the Fair. This print, repeated 4 times on each side, has a bird’s-eye view of the fairgrounds, looking inward from the shore of Lake Michigan, surrounded by smaller scenes and portraits of George Washington, Samuel F.B. Morse (inventor of the telegraph), George Stephenson (inventor of the locomotive), and Robert Fulton (inventor of the steamboat). This whole designed is labeled, “Souvenir World’s Columbian Exposition Chicago 1893.” Hidden in the design near Stephenson’s portrait is an advertisement for “Cochrane’s Turkey Red Works, Malden, Mass.” Founded by Alexander Cochrane in the late 1850’s, the Cochrane Chemical Works (also known as the Malden Chemical Company) produced Turkey Red dye for textiles. This quilt must have been made for the Cochrane company, which, likely had an exhibit at the Fair, as there is another quilt with a different Columbian Exposition design, which was also made for Cochrane. One side of the quilt offered here has a dark red border around the edges, no doubt colored with Turkey Red Dye. This quilt is in excellent condition, with some very light soiling here and there. A wonderful piece of Americana from the highly collectible Worlds Columbian Exposition........... ................................................................................. (2,400-2,800)

Matched Set of Lindbergh “Spirit of St. Louis” Airplanes

Tragic Four-Page Letter Regarding the Historic Galveston, Texas Tornado Disaster of 1900 !

160 September 8-9, 1900, Tragic Letter from H.J. Lister to his Sons after a Tornado Destroys Galveston, Texas, Very Fine. This four-page letter is written on two sheets, measuring 10.25” x 7.75” and 8.5” x 6.25”, and contains a detailed, eyewitness account of the disaster to Galveston, Texas, which was flooded by 5 to 10 feet of water after a tornado hit the island. H.J. Lister, owner of a savings and loan association, describes the high winds and rising water from Saturday, June 8, to the aftermath of drowned families, destroyed houses, railroad tracks, and dead animals: “Dear Boys: Supposing that the newspapers had given you an account of the fearful disaster that has overtaken this town… We had a very narrow escape… A tropical storm had been reported in the Gulf for two or three days. It struck here on Saturday morning early and by 9 A.M. the water was dashing over the wharves on the bay front and the wind blowing at a furious rate… Still I did not apprehend any serious danger, but it continued to rise and at 3.30 P.M. I sent the clerks home & drove out home myself. Water up to the seat of the buggy most of the way… The water came to a standstill about 10 P.M…. The slates blew off the roof & the rain came in on us… When morning came we were surrounded by a great mass of debris of all kinds & beyond that – the sea! The entire island was under water from 5 – 10 ft. Some houses were standing on the other side of our street, beyond that everything was swept clear to the gulf. Entire town is a wreck, scarcely a house that was not badly damaged or demolished entirely. The loss of life is fearful. Yesterday and to-day they are gathering corpses all over & loading them on barges & taking them out to sea to bury them there… Our own loss is considerable… Anna & I worked at saving what we could but this morning the stench from dead animals & corpses which were all around us was so great… We are cut off from the outside world & don’t know what the storm did up in the state or at New Orleans… Estimates now reach 1500-3000 dead… with love to both. Papa.” This riveting account rivals current descriptions of the 2005 Hurricane Katrina, which devastated New Orleans!... (800-1,200) One of the worst disasters of the 20th century, the Galveston Tornado killed about 7,200 people. In contrast, the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 took the lives of 452 people. Galveston was located on a thin island across the bay from where the Trinity River emptied into the Gulf of Mexico. By the summer of 1900, Galveston was the largest port in Texas, exporting grain, but in the face of the storm, the city was defenseless—the entire island was only a few feet above sea level and nothing separated the city from the sea. No seawalls, no barriers or levees. The dead bodies were dumped at sea, but they floated back to the city, where they had to be piled up and burned because it was not possible to bury them quickly enough. Massive looting and thefts occurred, but eventually order was restored and precautions against future storms—a 17-foot high sea wall, and raising structures some 13 feet—were built.

161 c. 1927, Matched Original Pair of Charles Lindbergh “Spirit of St. Louis” Celluloid Airplanes, (1) Pinback and (1) Pencil Topper, both Choice New. This is an original, truly wonderful, Matched Set of Two celluloid “Spirit of St. Louis” airplanes, made to commemorate Charles Lindbergh’s historic flight from New York to Paris. The pencil topper measures 2” x 2” with a white fuselage and black wing, and the Pinback measures 2.5” x 2” with a black fuselage and white wing. Each plane has printing on top of the wing, “Spirit of St. Louis” “New York to Paris May 21, 1927”. Housed in a 5.5” x 4.5” Riker mount. The finest quality examples we have seen and the first matched set we have offered............... ....................................................................................... (400-500)

1881 View Book Scenes of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad

162 1881-Dated, Folding View Book titled, “Album of Baltimore & Ohio R. R. Scenery,” Scenes along the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Choice Extremely Fine. This scarce, original View Book measures 6” x 3 3/8” and contains 12 wonderful period Folding Panels of Sepia Toned Views. It was published and copyright in 1881 by Wittemann Bros. of New York. The interior plates were engraved by Louis Glaser, with fantastic views from Harper’s Ferry to the Cheat River. Views include “Relay Station”; Harper’s Ferry; John Brown’s Fort; U.S. Armory; Jefferson Rock; Potomac River; Cumberland Narrows; Wills River; City of Cumberland; Oakland Hotel; Deer Park Hotel; Queen City Hotel; Savage Mountain; Cranberry Grade; Great River Gorge; etc.

“Phone Backs” are Available ! Just Bid at Least the High Estimate & Ask !

This outstanding folding View Book is titled, “Album of Baltimore & Ohio R. R. Scenery” on the elaborately embossed and decorated, green cloth front cover. It is in excellent condition, being sound and fully intact. It is clean and crisp with just a hint of light edge wear. The interior plates are complete, tight, crisp, clean and in excellent condition throughout. A scarce, very lovely high quality piece of early railroad related Americana...................... (250-300) Page 53

Historic Original Matched Pair of 1942 Japanese-American Citizen West Coast “Internment Order” Broadside Posters

163 1942-Dated, World War II Period, Matched Pair of Official U.S. Army Japanese Internment Broadside Posters, measuring 22” x 14”, Choice Crisp Extremely Fine. These are the original historic, Broadside Posters that were issued by the U.S. Army in 1942 directly regarding the Internment of Japanese-American citizens. Each is boldly printed in deep black on white paper, meant to be posted within special locations for display in various communities around California, providing notice of these Special Orders and how to comply. 1. The first Broadside is entitled, “Notice. Headquarters Western Defense Command and Fourth Army, Presidio of San Francisco, California, April 28, 1942. Civilian Exclusion Order No. 25,” by Lt. Gen. J.L. DeWitt, at San Francisco, being an announcement regarding Japanese Internment, in 1942. This specific order was for the County of Multnomah, Oregon, having its town name specifically imprinted. John L. DeWitt administered the Japanese internment program. This Broadside is a list of the four major points, under Order No. 25. 2. The second Broadside is entitled, “Western Defense Command and Fourth Army Wartime Civil Control Administration, Presidio of San Francisco, California, April 28, 1942, Instructions to All Persons of Japanese Ancestry.” This Broadside gives instructions for the evacuation and the location of the Civil Control Station, “Salvation Army Headquarters Building, 20 Southwest Sixth Avenue, Portland, Oregon.” This is the first example of Order number 25 which we have offered. There is slight expected edge tone to the heavy white card stock attesting to its originality, and very minor edge chips on each broadside, they have never been folded, and are in very nice strong condition, being ready for proper framing and display. We have previously sold a similar, single example of the Order No. 99 in our EAHA Auction, May 10, 2007, Lot 610, which sold at $1,888. and also a single example of Order No. 41, which sold in our EAHA Auction, March 27, 2010, Lot 400, at $1,062. This current auction is for Two Matched, yet with different information, Broadsides, having been issued for the same location. (2 Broadsides).......................................................... (1,500-2,000) After the December 7 attack on Pearl Harbor, Proclamation #2525 gave blanket authority to the Attorney General to do a sweep of suspects. By the end of the Month, all Japanese banks, cameras, arms, and short wave radios had been seized and Japanese schools were closed. The Internment of Japanese people in California began in January. After the Pearl Harbor attack, anti-Japanese hysteria swept the country. On February 19, 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, authorizing the War Department to remove “all persons” from designated military areas. Over 110,000 Japanese-Americans, more than two-thirds of whom were born in the United States, were required to report to internment camps for the duration of the war. They were forced to give up their property and their jobs and to live in remote areas in the interior of the country, surrounded by barbed wire and watch towers, manned by guards who were instructed to shoot anyone who tried to leave. A vivid reminder of a very dark day in the history of our country.

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Extensive Specialized Collection of 28 Original Wells Fargo Postal Envelopes and Related Postal History Books

164 Wells Fargo Postal Envelope Specialized Collection and Postal History Books, Twenty Eight Items, average of Very Fine. This is an original Collection of early Wells Fargo Postal Envelopes, plus related information, that is the effort of one collector on this extremely popular Western Americana and Philatelic related topic. We are providing a simple listing of each item below. We strongly suggest that interested bidders view each individual Postal Cover comprising this collection which can be viewed in full and in detail on our auction website: www.EarlyAmerican.com.

1.1850’s, Gold Rush Era, Wells Fargo & Co. Cover, Mailed from Sonora, CA to San Francisco, with very rare green “Express” cancellation, Very Fine. 2. Wells Fargo & Co. Cover, Civil War Era, Mailed from Benicia, California to Yreka City, Very Fine. 3. Civil War Era, Wells Fargo & Co. Cover, Mailed from Visalia, CA to San Francisco, with “Express” instead of date in cancellation, Very Fine. 4. 1860’s, Pacific Union Express Co. Cover, Mailed from Santa Rosa, California to San Francisco, Extremely Fine. 5. Civil War Era, Langton’s Pioneer Express Cover, Mailed from Forest City, California, also stamped by Wells Fargo & Co. at Marysville, CA, Very Fine. 6. 1860’s, Wells Fargo & Co. Cover, Mailed from Elko, Nevada to San Francisco, Choice Very Fine. 7. 1860’s, Pair of Wells Fargo & Company Covers, Mailed from Gilroy and Downieville, California, (2) items. Choice Very Fine. 8. 1870’s-1880’s, Lot of (3) Wells Fargo & Co. Covers, Mailed from Santa Barbara, San Jose, and Marysville, California, Fine to Extremely Fine. 9. c. 1869, Wells Fargo & Co. Cover, Mailed from Treasure City, Nevada to San Francisco, CA, Choice Very Fine. 10. 1869 Postally Used, Wells Fargo Cover, Mailed from San Luis Obispo with “Express” cancellation, Very Fine. 11. 1886, Wells Fargo & Co. Cover, Mailed from Portland, Oregon to San Francisco, CA, with “Express” cancel, Very Fine. 12. Ten Postally Used, Wells Fargo & Co. & Western-related Postal Cover Envelopes, Lot of Ten, average Fine. 13. March 30, 1978, Auction Catalog for Sotheby Parke Bernet Stamp Auction Co., 9.25” x 8.5”, 64 pages plus covers. Sale was for “Western Expresses - Postal History.” Fine. 14. 1965 Booklet, “Stage Lines and Express Companies in California” by Waddell F. Smith. 9” x 6”, 24 pages plus covers. Very Fine. 15. 1936 Booklet, “Pony Express” by Edward S. Knapp. 9” x 6”, 28 pages plus covers. Very Fine. 16. 1926 Book, “The Overland Mail” by Le Roy R. Hafen, 9.5” x 6.5”, 361 pages plus covers. Fine.

A nice collection that would be a good core to collecting this historic Western field within the Philatelic realm. (28 items)................................................................. (2,800-3,800)

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Colonial & Continental Currency

Colonial Notes Printed by B. Franklin

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Gem June 18, 1764 Benjamin Franklin Printed Note

Rare October 1, 1755 Benjamin Franklin Printed PA. Note

165 Pennsylvania. October 1, 1755. Ten Shillings. Plate A. Printed by Benjamin Franklin Issue. Conservation. Very Good. Fr. PA68. This very early and highly elusive, Benjamin Franklin printed Ten Shillings note is well centered on both sides and has a clearly printed “Printed by B. FRANKLIN” legend on the lower reverse. The reverse has been silked, which is an old archival method of preservation, having a fine layer of thin silk mesh added to the surface for reinforcement, while still allowing all of the text and designs to show through. There are some deft sealed edge splits and pinholes, mostly at the centerfold area. Partial signatures are visible and the date of October 1755 is quite clear and readable. Overall, there is even wear from circulation for the grade and it is a very collectable example of this Benjamin Franklin Issue rarity. This 10s denomination is the most rare with only 6,000 notes issued. Of those, only a mere 3,000 notes would have plate letter “A” printed upon them. The current Newman book records an auction price of $1,725 hammer in January 2005 for a similar note graded Fine. In addition, the Friedberg Paper Money reference lists it as Very Rare, therefore without a specific value. As Franklin issue notes have become more popular since, this note should fit well for many collectors.......................................... (1,250-1,500)

167 Province of Pennsylvania. June 18, 1764. Three Pence. Plate “C”. “Printed by B. FRANKLIN” Issue. Gem Crisp Uncirculated. Fr. PA-115. This is a sharply printed, crisp, simply gorgeous “Printed by B. FRANKLIN” Three Pence denomination note. It has four great wide margins providing near perfect centering on both the face and back sides. The sharp, vivid dark printing has created significant amounts of original press text embossing still retained within the crisp bright paper. The bold deep brown signature of “J. Wharton” along with the serial number, further enhances the stunning eye appeal of this historic Benjamin Franklin imprint note. The current 5th Edition of Eric Newman’s reference, “The Early Paper Money of America” lists a value of $4,000 in “Choice Uncirculated,” whereas there is no listing available for this “Gem” quality. The last example we offered was in our EAHA Auction of December 11, 2010, Lot 211, graded Very Choice CU, which sold for $3,068. This current example is certainly finer................ ................................................................................. (3,500-4,500)

June 1764 Pennsylvania Note “Printed by B. FRANKLIN”

May 1, 1758 “Printed by B. FRANKLIN” Delaware Note

166 Delaware. May 1, 1758. Twenty Shillings. “Printed by B. FRANKLIN” Issue. British Lion vignette. Choice Fine. Fr. DE-60. This pleasing, evenly circulated note has a nice, whole and clean appearance. It has clear, quite well printed black text and “Lion” vignette on the upper reverse. It is well centered on both its face and back. This note has a very similar appearance to that of the plate note as illustrated for this issue on page 123 of the current 5th edition of “The Early Paper Money of America” by Eric Newman. It is listed there with a value of $1,000 in Fine and has no higher condition grade listed. This is a particularly pleasing and collectable note for this scarce “Printed by B. FRANKLIN” issue............................................................................... (600-800)

168 Province of Pennsylvania. June 18, 1764. Twenty Shillings. Plate A. “Printed by B. FRANKLIN” Issue. Very Fine. Fr. PA-126. This is a very clean and even appearing Benjamin Franklin printed note which is well centered on both its face and back. All three signatures are clearly readable, having even wear from circulation, including Jonathan Evans, Thomas Wharton and Enoch Story. This is the first example of this issue we can recall having offered bearing the Story signature. There is some light conservation to the corner tips and centerfold. All of the printed text being clear and the reverse “Nature Print” and “Printed by B. FRANKLIN” text complete. Scarce, having all three original signatures intact....................................................... (1,000-1,200)

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Continental Currency

February 26, 1777 Continental Note PMG Choice Uncirculated-63

Bold 1776 Continental Congress “FUGIO” Design Note

169 Continental Congress. February 17, 1776. One Third of a Dollar. Plate “A”. “FUGIO” Design. Choice Crisp About Uncirculated. Fr. CC-20. This is a gorgeous and quite impressive Continental “FUGIO” note. There are four full margins on both the face and back, allowing for near perfect centering. It is very sharply printed, having just one ultra-faint, near invisible horizontal centerfold. This vivid note is printed in deep black on fresh, clean crisp period paper. The rich deep red signature of “N. Sellers” and the serial number add great color and superior eye appeal. All details of the Thirteen Linked States and the obverse “FUGIO” design are sharp and distinct. An impressive looking note for serious, quality minded collectors..................................................... (1,400-1,800)

171 Continental Congress. February 26, 1777. Five Dollars. Baltimore Issue. PMG graded Choice Uncirculated-63. Fr. CC-58. This lovely note is boldly printed and has four full margins on both its face and back. Colorful brown and red signatures and its serial number add to this crisp notes overall eye appeal........... ................................................................................. (1,000-1,200)

Gem Uncirculated September 26, 1778 Sixty Dollars Note

Gem Uncirculated November 2, 1776 $30 Continental Note

170 Continental Congress. November 2, 1776. Thirty Dollars. Philadelphia Issue. Gem Crisp Uncirculated. Fr. CC-54. This very scarce Thirty Dollars denomination is the highest and most popular of the issue. This note is boldly printed on very crisp, bright, fresh appearing paper. The serial number and signatures are nicely written in red and brown. The centering is excellent on both its face and back. There are traces of original press text embossing of the letters and devices still retained within the superbly crisp paper. An impressive, full Gem Uncirculated note that is certain to be either lacking, or in need of a significant upgrade in many collections. The current 5th Edition of Eric Newman’s reference, “The Early Paper Money of America” lists a value of $2,400 in “Choice Uncirculated, whereas there is no listing in “Gem” quality...................................................................... (1,600-2,000)

172 Continental Congress. September 26, 1778. Sixty Dollars. Gem Crisp Uncirculated. Fr. CC-86. This is a gorgeous example of this Continental Congress Philadelphia currency issue. The face and back are both beautifully centered within four full margins. The printed text and designs are sharp, crisp and vivid. Significant traces of original press text embossing remains within the fresh, bright paper. The deep bold red and brown signatures add rich color to this notes exceptional eye appeal. A note for the discriminating collector, which will certainly prove virtually impossible to find any nicer...................................................................... (800-1,000)

Want to see Full Color Enlargements of every photographed auction lot ? Visit our Internet Site: www.EarlyAmerican.com

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January 14, 1779 Fifty-Five Dollars PCGS Ch. AU-58 PPQ

173 Continental Congress. January 14, 1779. Fifty-Five Dollars. PCGS graded Choice About New-58 Premium Paper Quality. Fr. CC-98. This Continental Congress issued note is very well centered with four full even margins perfectly surrounding the face design. Printed in red and black, very clean in appearance, having sharp edges and corner tips providing for its “PPQ” status........... ....................................................................................... (500-600)

Connecticut Currency June 1, 1773 Ten Shillings With “No Cancel” PMG EF-40

174 Colony of Connecticut. June 1, 1773. Ten Shillings. No Cancel. PMG graded Extremely Fine-40 Fr. CT-171. The number of Connecticut Colonial notes printed on this much scarcer issue, is due to only £12,000 being approved for all of the combined denominations. They are extremely rare to locate uncancelled. This current note has NO hole or slash cancel, and does not even have any redemption registration written upon its back. All three red signatures remain clearly readable. Both the face and back are quite well centered and nicely printed in deep black. The current Newman reference lists a value of $900 in Very Fine, with no higher quality listed. In fact, this note also appears quite similar to the Newman plate note, illustrated on page 109, which are remarkably only 10 digits off from its serial numbers, being #1437 and #1447. It is also the Second Finest of only four, to be PMG Certified. An important addition for a high quality Connecticut or Colonial Currency collection............................... (1,200-1,800)

Outstanding 1781 “Reward” Payment For Apprehending A Colonial Currency Counterfeiter Of Connecticut Notes

175 February 16, 1781-Dated Revolutionary War Period. Manuscript Document Signed, “Oliver Wolcott, Jr,” being a Warrant Authorizing Payment of a Ten Pounds Reward to two Westchester New York men for Apprehending a Counterfeiter of Connecticut Currency. Litchfield, Connecticut. Choice Very Fine. Rare Counterfeiting of Colonial Currency related Document, dated February 16, 1781 Manuscript Warrant Payment Authorization from George Pitkin, Clerk to John Lawrence, Treasurer and countersigned by “Oliver Wolcott, Jr.”. This document is authorizing the payment of “10 pounds in the late emmissions...” to Gould and Noah Bouton of Salem, New York, as a reward for apprehending, and bringing to conviction one Luke Merritt for the Counterfeiting Bills of Credit on the State of Connecticut. This wonderful “Reward” document is very clean and bright, having bold easy to read text and signatures. It is noted on the reverse :Gould & Bouton - Order on ye Treasurer - L10 (Pounds). A great, historic document reflecting the actual capture of a notorious Counterfeiter and the “Reward” presented to his captors! To our best knowledge, this is the only such specific Revolutionary War Period, Connecticut Currency Counterfeiting document known...................................................... (1,800-2,000)

Georgia Currency Exceedingly Rare 1762 Issue Georgia “Slave” Note

176 Province of Georgia. 1762. Five Shillings. “Slave” Vignette. Backed General Restoration. PMG graded Very Good-6. Fr. GA-40. An extremely rare and historic very early Georgia Colonial note that has a whole and complete appearance with bold black printing. All five signatures are fairly clear, the African “Slave” woodblock printed image is extremely sharp and distinct in detail. Originally, mistakenly listed as an “Indian” vignette, it is known today that the vignette image is that of a Black African Slave, possibly depicted to show as royalty and wearing his Chieftains feathered headdress. This research was verified when a woodblock image of runaway slaves in an early Georgia newspaper also matched the vignette image on this note. This type is very rarely seen. It is one of only a few examples we have ever seen or offered in over 30 years. The Boyd-Ford Collection had one sole example only. Technically, held to a strong light there are voids present and the note is backed upon older thin white paper for preservation and has some general restoration, as so noted on the holder. However, this note presents well, with a nice bold face, with a very sharp Slave vignette. The extreme rarity of this note is such that this grade should be considered fully acceptable to collect. This is an essential Georgia note “Key” rarity with the important “Slave” vignette. Ex: EAHA Auction, August 29, 1992.... (2,000-2,500) Page 57

Fully Signed & Issued 1773 Georgia Twenty Shillings Note

Scarce Ten Dollars Orange Seal “Millstone on Palm Tree”

179 Georgia. 1776 Orange Seal. Ten Dollars. “Millstone on Palm Tree” Vignette. Very Fine. Fr. GA-83. This $10 denomination note has a scarce Orange Seal. It is even in circulation and is quite clean in appearance. There are no major defects, with all five signatures and its serial number clearly written in light to medium tan ink. This note is printed in deep rich red and black with a clear orange seal. This major Orange Seal type “Millstone on Palm Tree” vignetted note should be strongly considered........ ................................................................................. (1,400-1,800)

Serial Number “3” June 8, 1777 Georgia Currency Note 177 Georgia. 1773. Twenty Shillings. Fully Signed and Issued. Contemporarily Backed, Moderate Conservation. PASS-CO graded Very Fine-25. Fr. GA-48. This important Georgia Colonial rarity is fully signed and has a serial number, all written in rich brown ink. It is Contemporarily backed, and has moderate conservation, as so noted upon its holder. This note is typeset printed in deep black and red, with all of the text clear and readable. Even given the conservation provided over two centuries, this note displays well. This 20s denomination constitutes the entire run of this issue, being only issued in this single denomination and type. Few of these rare notes exist today, as they were only exchangeable to the Georgia Treasury until September of 1776 and invalid thereafter. Signed by; James E. Powell, William Young, Noble Jones, Noble Wimberly Jones, Joseph Clay, Thomas Shruder and Samuel Farley. Extremely rare, only a handful or so being known. Ex: NASCA, Criswell-Gibbons Part IV, April 1982, Lot 67........ (3,000-3,500)

1776 Revolutionary War Georgia “Crown” Vignette Note

180 Georgia. June 8, 1777. Four Fifths of a Dollar. Serial Number “3”. “...for the Support of the Continental Troops” issue. PMG graded Extremely Fine-40 Exceptional Paper Quality. Fr. GA102. Remarkable having the Serial Number “3” !.. (1,500-2,000)

May 4, 1778 Georgia Twenty Dollars “Rattlesnake” Seal

178 Georgia. 1776. Sterling Denomination Five Shillings. “Crown” Vignette, “Light Conservation”. PASS-CO graded Very Fine-35. . Fr. GA-66. It is curious to note that even though this issue was also authorized by the Continental Congress, and that the Revolutionary War has been raging for a year since 1775, this denomination was include a Royal “Crown” for its vignette at lower right. This larger size, higher denomination 5s note has a very clean overall appearance, four full margins and nice centering. There is a minor repair to the upper right corner tip and some trivial splits. The black printing is strong and sharp, the five signatures and serial number are bold brown and attractive. An excellent example of this major denomination and Georgia type................. ................................................................................. (1,400-1,800) Page 58

181 Georgia. May 4, 1778 Blue-green Seal. Twenty Dollars. “Coiled Rattlesnake” Vignette. PMG graded Choice Very Fine-35 Exceptional Paper Quality. Fr. GA-122. This impressive, large format typeset Georgia Twenty Dollar note has dark black and red printed text and a light blue “Coiled Rattlesnake” vignette seal at the lower right. The margins at left and at bottom are both Jumbo adding the the eye popping boldness of this beautiful note. Judge for yourself, as this note appears conservatively graded and the print quality suggests a grade of Extremely Fine.... (1,600-1,800)

Massachusetts Currency

Gorgeous Certified Georgia 1786 Two Shillings Six Pence

Choice Paul Revere “Codfish” Note PMG Uncirculated-62 The Single Finest Note Certified By PMG

182 State of Georgia. October 16, 1786. Two Shillings Six Pence. PASS-CO graded Choice About Uncirculated-58 Superior Paper Quality Rating. Fr. GA-128. This note has an overall rather superb appearance with perfect centering of the deeply printed text and designs. The signatures are bold red and brown, on fresh bright clean white laid paper. The rich red serial number 123 adds to its impressive eye appeal. According to the PMG population report, this note would rank as their Finest Certified. ................................................................................. (3,500-4,000)

Impressive October 16, 1786 Five Shillings Georgia

185 Massachusetts State. October 16, 1778. One Shilling Six Pence. Paul Revere Engraved “Codfish” Issue. Corner repair. PMG Net graded Uncirculated-62. Fr. MA-261. This One Shilling Six Pence note is Crisp Uncirculated and a very nice example of the popular Paul Revere engraved 1778 “Codfish” issue. This note is particularly well centered on its face and sharply printed overall. It is boldly signed by Richard Cranch at bottom and has a vivid brown serial number. The appearance and eye appeal is very Choice, this note being net graded due to a virtually invisible corner repair at the upper right. The reverse Pine Tree is bold. A highly desirable note which is listed at a value of $2,500 in Ch. CU in the current Newman reference. The Single Finest Note Certified By PMG.................................................... (2,000-2,250)

Paul Revere Engraved October 16, 1778 “Codfish” Note

183 State of Georgia. October 16, 1786. Five Shillings. Restored corner. PASS-CO graded Very Choice Crisp Uncirculated64 Superior Paper Quality Rating. Fr. GA-129. This superb Georgia note has a remarkable, bold and vibrant appearance. This impeccable quality note has four very large to huge margins that highlight the vivid text and devices. The holder notes a restored corner. This appears to be referring to a removed ancient hinge trace on the upper right corner tip. Even so, the extra large margin paper tip could simply be trimmed off of that huge margin.......... ................................................................................. (6,500-7,500)

186 State of Massachusetts. October 16, 1778. Four Shillings & Six Pence. Due date of October 18, 1784. Paul Revere Engraved Second “Codfish” Issue. Light conservation. Very Fine. Fr. MA265. This denomination was the very highest of this historic Paul Revere Engraved, October 16, 1778 dated “Codfish” issue. Also a Revolutionary War period note, it is well centered, particularly on the face side, and has a clean, evenly circulated appearance. There is some deft sealed splits and conservation to the centerfolds and corner tips. The signature of “G. Partridge” at the bottom is boldly written in rich colorful brown ink and is quite attractive. An affordable, example of this major type.................... (450-550)

Maryland Currency June 28, 1780 Maryland “Guaranteed” Issue $3 Note 184 State of Maryland. June 28, 1780. Three Dollars. “Guaranteed” by the United States Issue. Fully Signed. Choice Crisp Uncirculated. Fr. MD-117. This rare 1780 issue was fully “Guaranteed” by the United States and carried a 5% Annual Interest. There is an actual Interest Payment schedule that is printed on the face at the lower left. This note is printed in red and black and has exceptional overall eye appeal. The printing is sharp and bold on paper that is very fresh, clean and bright. It has full signatures on its face and also upon the reverse United States “Guarantee” line........................................................................... (1,800-2,400)

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Popular Paul Revere Engraved “Rising Sun” Issue Note

187 Massachusetts State. 1779. Four Shillings. Paul Revere Engraved “Rising Sun” Issue. Due date of December 1, 1782. Conservation. Extremely Fine. Fr. MA-272. This historic issue was engraved on a Copper Plate by the hand of the famous silversmith and American Revolutionary War patriot, Paul Revere, Jr.. The issue has become known as the “Rising Sun” issue for its obverse vignette design. This example is very well printed and centered on both the face and back sides. The “Rising Sun” vignette is extremely sharp and clear in detail, and there is only light handling from circulation present. There is a deft seal to a small tear left of the Pine Tree trunk with some light conservation. There are no heavy folds or detractions. Overall, the appearance is quite pleasing, strong and sharp, signed at bottom by Richard Cranch......................................................................... (800-1,000)

1779 Paul Revere Engraved “Rising Sun” Issue Note

188 Massachusetts State. December 1, 1779. One Shilling Six Pence. Paul Revere Engraved “Rising Sun” Issue. Crisp Very Fine. Fr. MA-267. Attractive for its grade, having an expertly sealed centerfold split on this popular Revolutionary War Paul Revere Engraved currency issue................................................ (500-700)

Exceedingly Rare January 26, 1776 New Hampshire Note Typeset Issue Printed by Daniel Fowle of Portsmouth

190 Colony of New Hampshire. January 26, 1776. Two Dollars. Portsmouth Issue. Printed by Daniel Fowle. Due Date of January 26, 1783. Minor edge restorations. PCGS graded Apparent Extremely Fine-40. Fr. NH-154. Only 3,176 of these notes were printed, of which all were to be returned back into the Treasury by January 26, 1786, at the latest. This note is whole and solid, having a couple of tiny deft sealed edge splits, not nearly close to being restorations as stated on its holder. This important note is one of a mere handful or so thought to still exist and is one of the Finest Known of those few, and possibly the only one known of this specific printed Due Date. The back has the imprint at bottom, “PORTSMOUTH, - Printed By Daniel Fowle, - 1776.” This great rarity is very well printed, has four full margins on both its face and back and is nicely signed in dark brown ink by John Smith and Phillips White. PMG reports having graded one example as VF-25. This note appears a bit fresher that the current 5th Edition Newman plate example for the issue, as illustrated on page 242. That very plate note having sold in the F.C.C. Boyd/Ford Collection Sale of May, 2005 graded there Extremely Fine, at $11,500. This note is the Finest Certified..................................... (8,000-10,000)

April 29, 1780 New Hampshire PMG Ch. AU-58 “EPQ”

New Hampshire Currency August 24, 1775 New Hampshire Three Pounds PCGS AU

189 Colony of New Hampshire. August 24, 1775. Three Pounds. Redemption Due Date of December 10, 1777. PCGS graded About New-50. Fr. NH-141. A scarce, fully authentic and genuine Colony of New Hampshire August 24, 1775 issue note. It is nicely printed uniface upon a white period laid paper. This note is very well margined with three full plus an excellent large curve to the left side indent, as made. This note appears virtually crisp Uncirculated to the naked eye and the reverse side is completely clean and free of any distractions. A most striking and appealing uncancelled type note bearing a light red serial number and the signatures of Nicholas Gilman and E. Thompson... (2,500-3,000) Page 60

191 State of New Hampshire. April 29, 1780. Two Dollars. “Guaranteed” Issue. Hole Cancel. PMG graded Choice About Uncirculated-58 Exceptional Paper Quality. Fr. NH-180. This impressive note is well centered and boldly printed in both red and black. Three rich red and brown signatures and serial number add color and eye appeal. This rare “Guaranteed” by the United States Issue bears a 5% annual interest. It is fully signed, including upon the reverse “guarantee” line. An interest rate schedule is actually printed in bold black upon the lower left corner. This cataloger can not find any actual fold in this gorgeous note and believes it to be too conservatively graded. This note is ranked as the Finest PMG certified.......................................................... (1,000-1,200)

New Jersey Currency

Rare October 20, 1758 Fifteen Shillings New Jersey Note Amazingly One of Only 2,000 15s Notes Printed

Gem New Jersey June 14, 1757 Thirty Shillings

194 New Jersey. October 20, 1758. Fifteen Shillings. Plate B. Moderate conservation. PASS-CO graded Very Good-10. Fr. NJ-124. Notes of this scarce issue are rarely encountered and most often in extremely worn or tattered condition. This note is well worn from circulation and remains mostly readable, there being some moderate conservation, as so noted on its holder. A total of only 2,000 notes were authorized to be issued in 1758 and if divided by the four different plate numbers, only 500 Plate “B” notes were printed. It is quite miraculous that any examples even exist to this day and it seems to be remarkable that you can still buy this very rare note for this price, right now. We would be surprised to see more than one note of this issue listed on the PMG “Population” report.............................................. (400-500)

April 16, 1764 Red & Blue Printed Six Pounds Note

192 New Jersey. June 14, 1757. Thirty Shillings. Plate B. PMG graded Gem Uncirculated-65 Exceptional Paper Quality. Fr. NJ-106. This beautiful note is of a significantly rare issue, and one of the Finest known to exist. The paper is clean and crisp, the print is strong and sharp, with three excellent signatures adding further color and eye appeal. The reverse is perfectly centered and the paper retains slight impressions of the original press text embossing. Now, please consider that this is the year 2008. How old is this note? Compared this note and its rarity to far more common and modern Large Size notes worth about $6,000. Doesn’t this note seem like an extraordinary bargain that should have an extra zero placed onto our price? This note should prove just how undervalued these Colonials are in general. They are so affordable and seem more than ready to make a major upward move in market value, very soon.................................................................. (5,000-6,000)

195 New Jersey. April 16, 1764. Six Pounds. Red & Blue Printed Face. Choice Very Fine. Fr. NJ-169. Only 917 notes printed. This evenly circulated note has a nice clean appearance for its grade. It is well centered on both face and back, with the two signatures with wear and readable. The Red & Blue printed face is quite bold in its print quality and this note is a most acceptable example for collectors. These colorful notes are always in popular demand as is reflected in the 5th Edition of Newman, listed value of $1,250 in VF. Even at that low amount, they represent a fabulous and truly astounding value in today’s market.................... (800-1,000)

Scarce New Jersey November 20, 1757 Six Pounds Note

193 New Jersey. November 20, 1757. Six Pounds. PMG graded Fine-12. Fr. NJ-113. This pleasing, highest denomination note of this issue is well printed in both red and black. Only a mere 1,100 of these £6 notes were printed. The denominational symbol for this £6 note was two small suns, which are quite bold on this example along with the other design elements that are clear and dark as well. According to the current PMG population report, only a single VF note is higher in grade. A hugely, underrated and undervalued note in today’s collector marketplace.... (800-1,000)

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New York Currency

Extremely Rare 1786 New Jersey PMG Finest Certified

Exceedingly Rare December 10, 1737 New York Note Early Colonial Issue Printed By John Peter Zenger

196 State of New Jersey. 1786. One Shilling. Plate A. PMG graded Very Fine-25. Fr. NJ-211. This One Shilling denomination is the lowest of the issue. That means its general circulation would have been the greatest, just as it is for One Dollar Bills today. Most were turned in and destroyed by the date they were made invalid in 1799 as legal tender. It is remarkable that this note is available to collectors and in such a pleasing, lightly circulated quality. There are four full margins on both sides, the red and black print is strong and the signatures are deep, bold brown. A significant rarity and the Finest Certified by PMG................... (3,000-3,500)

PASS-CO Choice AU-55 “SPQR” City of New Brunswick March 10, 1796 Four Pence Change Note

197 New Jersey. City of New Brunswick. March 10, 1796. Four Pence. PASS-CO graded Choice About Uncirculated-55 Superior Paper Quality Rated. Not listed in Friedberg. This outstanding quality Four Pence small change note has deep black printed text and border designs. It has four full margins and very nice overall centering on both its face and back with a clean appearance. Another tremendous rarity as their known population is tiny, and the Finest Certified to our best knowledge.............. (1,500-2,000)

198 Colony of New York. December 10, 1737. Two Pounds. Original. Repairs, conservation, backed. Appearance of Fine. Fr. NY99. This is an exceedingly rare early New York colonial issue that was printed by the famous Newspaper publisher, John Peter Zenger. It is an original note is well centered and has a number of repairs and restoration, mostly to the upper central portion. Deft conservation provides an overall appearance of a solid Fine. Signatures are well worn yet mostly visible. This note has been backed with contemporary laid paper and is very clean and even in its appearance on the reverse. The Seal of New York vignette at the right side is fully printed and very clear. An important, highly historic note that is missing from virtually every collection, likely having less than a dozen examples known to exist........................ ................................................................................. (4,000-4,500)

PMG Gem Uncirculated-65 Exceptional Paper Quality The Finest NGC Certified Note Tied with One Other.

199 Colony of New York. August 25, 1774. “New-York Water Works” Issue. One Shilling. PMG graded Gem Uncirculated-65 Exceptional Paper Quality. Fr. NY-168. A truly gorgeous, crisp note printed in red and black and the paper retaining significant amounts of original press text embossing. The Finest NGC Certified Note, being tied with one other................................ (1,600-1,800)

Scarce 1790 “City of New York” Three Pence Note 200 New York. City of New York. February 20, 1790. Three Pence. About Very Fine. This boldly printed, small size note is signed in the typeset printed text, “D. Phoenix, City Treasurer.” It is fully readable, with decent eye appeal for the grade. A rare note that is becoming ever more valuable with collectors............... (400-500)

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North Carolina Currency

Extremely Rare August 21, 1775 North Carolina Three Dollars “Hillsborough” Issue Note with “Masonic Emblem”

“Winged Stirrup” Vignette Used For 1734 & 1735 Issues

201 North Carolina. April 4, 1748. Thirty Shillings. “Winged Stirrup” vignette. Multiple splits and tears, repairs. PCGS graded Apparent Very Fine-25. Fr. NC-68. Only a mere 2,000 notes of each denomination from this early 1748 North Carolina issue were printed. The “Winged Stirrup” vignette on this 30 Shillings denomination is once again used from the “unobtainable” 1734 and 1735 issues. This note has a whole and solid appearance, with four full outer margins present. As typical, there are multiple splits and central pinholes that led to the Apparent grade by PCGS....... ................................................................................. (1,000-1,200)

Full Text March 9, 1754 North Carolina Ten Shillings Note

202 North Carolina. March 9, 1754. Ten Shillings. “Bird” vignette. Edge and internal splits. PCGS graded Apparent Very Fine30. Fr. NC-77. This early North Carolina note has a whole and solid appearance. It enjoys full text, a large left border design and “Bird” vignette displays sharp in detail on this example. All four signatures remain visible, though two are light having faded. The blank reverse is quite clean, with just one period notation. Some typical edge and internal splits, along with some early restorations resulted in the Apparent grade from PCGS, still far above average for this scarce 1754 issue............................................... (500-650)

203 North Carolina. August 21, 1775 Hillsborough Issue. Three Dollars. “Masonic Emblem” vignette. Fold and edge split restorations. Moderate conservation. PASS-CO graded Very Fine-25. Fr. NC- 148. This North Carolina, Revolutionary War issue is exceedingly rare. Only 4,000 notes were printed. Collectable examples are highly prized by collectors. It also has some expert archival restoration, there being a small .75” x .5” repair to the upper center edge, to the left of the centerfold and the upper corner tips. There are some deft sealed edge splits and scattered pinholes. Trimmed at right, some contemporary notations are on the blank reverse. Overall, this rare $3 denomination note has the eye appeal of Very Fine............................... (4,500-5,000)

Very Rare One Quarter Dollar With “Sea Urchin” Vignette

204 North Carolina. April 2, 1776. One Quarter Dollar. “Sea Urchin” vignette. Split repair, closed pinholes. PMG Net graded Very Fine-30. Fr. NC-155. Likely the Finest PMG has certified of this rare “Sea Urchin” vignetted, major listed type. This outstanding quality note is very clean, well centered and very nicely printed. The border designs are full, the text sharp and the “Sea Urchin” vignette perfectly detailed. The reverse is clean and free from any period notations. This rare 1776 Revolutionary War low denomination note is extremely difficult to locate with this vignette and there are no apparent repairs to the naked eye, with one tiny deft sealed split at the top centerfold. Deep brown serial number and signature of William Williams, who has signed at bottom. A most impressive note, missing in most North Carolina and Colonial Currency collections................................................ (2,000-2,500) Page 63

Gorgeous Certified $2 1/2 “Liberty Cap over Altar” Note & The Friedberg Book “Plate Note” For North Carolina

205 North Carolina. April 2 1776. Halifax Issue. Two Dollars and an Half. “Liberty Cap over Altar” vignette. Minor restorations at bottom edge. PCGS graded Apparent Extremely Fine45. Fr. NC-159b. This remarkable and historic North Carolina Revolutionary War note is stunningly beautiful. The paper is bright, fresh and clean having vivid sharp printed text and designs. There are four full margins, of which the top is huge and the left is Jumbo. The red and brown signatures include, William Haywood, William Williams, J. Webb and David Sumner. There is a dark patch of surfaces ink along the far right plate edge, as made and some deft sealed edge splits at bottom. The blank reverse side is perfectly clean and bright being completely free of any defects or period notations.

The “Liberty Cap over Altar” with “Liberty In Our Native Land” American Patriotic vignette and legend, is sharp and distinct. Listed in Newman at a value of $1,500 in Very Fine with only dashes in any higher quality. PMG reports their finest graded example to be EF-40. This note is finer in its eye appeal, and among the very finest known for this issue and denomination. In addition, this is the current Friedberg, “PAPER MONEY OF THE UNITED STATES” Reference Book “Plate Note” for North Carolina, as found illustrated on page 22, within the Colonial Currency section........ ................................................................................. (2,750-3,250)

1776 North Carolina $7-1/2 Note with the Historic “United States Flag with 13 Stripes and the Union Jack” Vignette

206 North Carolina. April 2, 1776. Halifax Issue. Seven Dollars And An Half. “United States Flag with 13 Stripes and the Union Jack” vignette. Engraver’s Initials “G L”. Conservation. Fine to Very Fine. Fr. NC-164. This important note has both an unusual odd denomination and a spectacular “United States Flag with 13 Stripes and the Union Jack” vignette. The is some light expert conservation with sealing some edge splits. This note is fairly even in circulation, the printed portions are quite well centered within four virtually full margins. The four signatures are clear and readable, being written in red and brown ink. This rare denomination also has the Engraver’s Initials “G L” printed as part of the left border design at the bottom. The US Flag vignette is nice and clear, well printed with full definition. A rarely encountered, extremely popular major collector type, displaying a rare 1776 design of a United States Flag.................................................... (1,400-1,800) Page 64

Historic 1776 North Carolina Note Coiled Rattlesnake Vignette & “DON’T TREAD ON ME” !

207 North Carolina. April 2, 1776. Revolutionary War Halifax Issue. Twenty Dollars. “Coiled Rattlesnake” vignette. “DON’T TREAD ON ME” legend. Light conservation. Choice Very Fine or better. Fr. NC-169. This wonderful Revolutionary War North Carolina note is the highest denomination of this extremely popular 56-note April 2, 1776 issue. With only 5,000 printed, it is also the lowest amount issued due to its high Twenty Dollars value. It bears the classic, early American design vignette of a Coiled Rattlesnake surrounded by the motto, “DON’T TREAD ON ME” at the lower left. There are very minor and virtually invisible deft sealed edge splits and light conservation. It is very clean and even in its overall appearance, having some typical period notations upon the blank reverse.

From its face, this is a very pleasing example, being well printed and nicely centered within four full margins. All of the outer border designs are present and the text and devices are clear. The four brown and red signatures are clearly legible. The current Friedberg reference lists a value for this note at $2,400 in Very Fine, while Newman shows a value of $3,000 in Very Fine, neither show a value in higher grade. The important Coiled Rattlesnake vignette is exceptionally sharp and crisp in detail, adding further to the superior eye appeal. An important “Key” note of this series that is of Condition Census quality and would be a proud centerpiece in any North Carolina or Colonial Currency collection................. ................................................................................. (2,800-3,400)

Scarce “Peace on Honourable Terms” North Carolina Note

208 State of North Carolina. May 15, 1779. Twenty Dollars. “Peace on Honourable Terms” motto. Repair. Choice Crisp Extremely Fine. Fr. NC-185. This impressive looking note is unusual in that it retains such huge margins on both sides. It is well printed upon thick laid paper, showing wide margins and all of its outer border designs. Other than for a nicely repaired 1.5” right edge central split and some marginal conservation, it is completely original. This note has excellent printed text and the well written red and brown signatures of John Hunt and John Taylor, which is similar to the Newman plate note found on page 324. One of only 10,000 Twenty Dollar notes were printed.............................. (800-1,000)

Pennsylvania Currency

Gorgeous PMG Choice Uncirculated-64 Fourteen Shillings

“Relief and Employment of the Poor in Philadelphia” Note

211 Pennsylvania. March 25, 1775. Fourteen Shillings. Plate A. Inverted Reverse. Second Cape Henlopen “Lighthouse” Issue. Hinged. PMG graded Choice Uncirculated-64. Fr. PA-173. Only 3,000 notes were printed, of which a mere 1,500 would carry plate letter “A.” This outstanding quality note has the full eye appeal of Gem. It has excellent centering with four full margins on both its face and back. The black printed text and designs are bold and sharp, including the large vignette on the reverse side of the Cape Henlopen Lighthouse. The crisp, fresh paper retains traces of original press text embossing, attesting to its complete originality. The edges and corner tips are extremely sharp, as well as having vivid bold brown and red signatures. This significant note is a Pennsylvania rarity in this exceptional high quality. It is the Second Finest Fr. PA-173 Note to be PMG Certified. A true opportunity for quality minded Colonial and Pennsylvania Currency collectors.................................................. (1,400-1,600)

209 Pennsylvania. March 10, 1769. Twenty Shillings. “Relief and Employment of the Poor in the City of Philadelphia” Issue. Very Fine. Fr. PA-145. This note is well printed and clean in appearance with a deft sealed centerfold edge split. A better quality example of this scarce issue........................................... (500-600)

March 20, 1773 “Lighthouse” PMG Graded AU-53 “EPQ”

PASS-CO Gem CU-65 July 20, 1775 Twenty Shillings

210 Pennsylvania. March 20, 1773. Four Shillings. Plate B. First Cape Henlopen “Lighthouse” Issue. PMG graded About Uncirculated-53 Exceptional Paper Quality. Fr. PA-159......... ....................................................................................... (500-600) 212 Pennsylvania. July 20, 1775. Twenty Shillings. Plate A. PASSCO graded Gem Crisp Uncirculated-65. Fr. PA-178. This is a gorgeous, fully original crisp note. It has bold black printed text and designs on fresh looking, clean paper, with vivid brown signatures and serial number. Both sides are quite well centered. A premium quality Gem, having only 3,500 notes originally printed. Rare in this Gem quality................................................ (600-800)

Uncirculated October 25, 1775 Two Shillings & Six Pence

213 Pennsylvania. October 25, 1775. Two Shillings and Six Pence. Plate A. Very Choice Crisp Uncirculated. Fr. PA-188. This crisp, boldly printed note has three full margins plus the eye appeal of a Gem, with the right margin just a hair too close and a trivial bump to the upper left corner tip. The reverse is better centered with four full margins present. Vivid deep brown signatures and faint traces of original press text embossing remain in the very fresh, original paper....................................................... (375-450) Page 65

Very Choice December 8, 1775 Forty Shillings PA Note

Rhode Island Currency Exceedingly Rare Partial February 14, 1743 Rhode Island

214 Pennsylvania. December 8, 1775. Forty Shillings. Plate B. Choice Crisp About Uncirculated. Fr. PA-196. This beautiful note has the eye appeal of a virtual Gem with excellent print quality on fresh, clean crisp paper. It has nice red and brown signatures and four full, close margins on both its face and is somewhat off-center on its back. There is an ultra faint centerfold that is extremely hard to locate.......................................................................... (300-400)

Finest Certified Uncirculated April 20, 1781 Thirty Shillings

216 Rhode Island, February 14, 1743, 10 Shillings, Partial Note and Backed, About Very Good. An exceedingly rare early note, having partial pieces missing and backed on the verso with Colonial era laid paper. The date, denomination, and significant design portions remain fully visible. It is important to note that according to authority and author, Eric Newman, each of the four quarter pieces of this note were each printed with the notes value, and then able to be separated and used as factional money, being the value of half or one quarter, (depending upon the portion) presented. These early notes also tended to separate at the folds naturally, from circulation. Even in this quality, it is perhaps one’s only opportunity to ever own an example of this issue. Worth of expert, archival restoration...................................... (1,000-1,500)

January 15, 1776 Rhode Island Rarity The Single Finest PMG Certified Example

215 Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. April 20, 1781. Thirty Shillings. “Dunnap” Error. PASS-CO graded Crisp Uncirculated-62. Fr. PA-252. This note is extremely bold in appearance, having rich deep black printed text and devices. It has two huge margins at left and top, the other two being understandably close. The paper is fresh and clean with nice red and brown signatures adding some color to the face. The corner tips are razor sharp except the lower right tip which was nibbed. There have only been two notes graded by PMG as VF-30 and AU-55. This note is the Finest Certified, and the only to be rated as Uncirculated, to our best knowledge. ................................................................................. (2,500-3,000)

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217 Colony of Rhode Island. January 15, 1776. Twenty Shillings. Split and corner repairs. PMG Net graded Very Fine-25. Fr. RI-226. A superior, truly remarkable quality example of this elusive early Rhode Island typeset issue. This note has four full obverse margins, the left being particularly large. All of the text is clear and fully readable, with the designs distinct. Rich red and brown ink signatures add to this notes superior eye appeal. Only 6,000 of these notes were printed in 1776. They were all called in for full redemption back into the Treasury by 1778. An important Colonial and Rhode Island currency rarity that is in remarkable quality and reins as the single Finest to be PMG Certified........... ................................................................................. (1,800-2,000)

PASS-CO Superb Gem CU-68 “SPQR” 1786 Rhode Island

South Carolina Currency Exceptional November 15, 1775 Two Pounds Note

218 State of Rhode Island. 1786 Act. One Shilling. PASS-CO graded Superb Gem Crisp Uncirculated-68 Superior Paper Quality Rated with Jumbo Margins. Fr. RI-292. This magnificent quality note has four Jumbo margins of clean, fresh laid paper surrounding boldly printed black text and designs. The blank reverse side is perfectly clean and fresh with much of the original press text embossing remaining clearly visible in the paper. This note is the single Finest Known Certified, as PMG records CU-67 EPQ as their finest graded. This superb note is from a magnificent original cut sheet of four, all with the mated serial number 11,502. It is a fresh, bold and attractive as from the day they were printed......... ....................................................................................... (700-900)

Rhode Island May 1786 Nine Pence Note Jumbo Margins PMG Gem Uncirculated-66 “Exceptional Paper Quality”

220 South Carolina. November 15, 1775. Two Pounds. “Hand of Friendship versus a Hand Holding a Dagger” Vignette. Latin Motto Translates “Accept Whichever of These You Prefer.” Backed, Moderate Conservation. PASS-CO graded Very Fine35. Fr. SC-110. This very rare note has been archivally backed long ago and has some moderate conservation. Only 10,000 notes were authorized to be printed. This note is of a higher denomination and has a unique, unmistakable vignette seal design at the lower right. The engraver’s theme for this particular note is unmistakable in its message. Either the British accept American Colonial terms for added measures of Independence and Freedom or the bloody War will continue! This note has excellent eye appeal created by the well printed text, bold brown signatures and four huge margins. There is some deft expert archival repair to the centerfold noted on its holder as moderate conservation and is archivally backed, typical of these early notes after surviving for over two and a quarter centuries. The thematic “Hand of Friendship versus a Hand Holding a Dagger” vignette at lower right is sharply printed and having the 1775 date and devices very clear. This note remains quite clean and even in overall appearance, the face easily choice EF in eye appeal. One of the nicest examples of this important, historic, South Carolina Revolutionary War note, one would hope to encounter.............................................................. (1,800-2,400)

Rare April 10, 1778 South Carolina “Sun” Vignette Note

219 State of Rhode Island. May 1786. Nine Pence. PMG graded Gem Uncirculated-66 Exceptional Paper Quality. Fr. RI-291. This Gem CU-66 “EPQ” note has some trivial faint scattered tone and is perfectly centered within four Jumbo Margins. The bold red and brown signatures add great color to this magnificent note..... ....................................................................................... (500-600)

221 South Carolina. April 10, 1778. Fifteen Shillings. “Sun” vignette. Repairs and conservation. Choice Very Fine. Fr. SC-150. This type is one of the three highest denominations for this issue, all of which are far more rare that the lower denominations. This example is well printed with nice centering within four full wide to close margins. The printed text and Sun vignette are nice and clear, the vignette being particularly sharp and vivid. There are some deft repairs and conservation to the left quarter that are well executed. Three thin strips of reinforcement paper are located along the centerfold and the left side on the blank reverse. This note has pleasing overall eye appeal and bears the signatures of John Beale and John Peronneau............................... (1,000-1,200) Page 67

“Prometheus bound and attacked by a vulture” Vignette

Virginia Currency Important April 5, 1759 Two Shillings and Six Pence Virginia Colonial Note The First VA-26 We Have Offered

222 South Carolina. February 8, 1779. Seventy Dollars. “Prometheus bound and attacked by a vulture” vignette. Stains painted over, repaired splits. PCGS graded Apparent Very Fine-25. Fr. SC156. This popular $70 Revolutionary War South Carolina note is blessed with three Super Jumbo Sheet Edge Margins, plus a smaller “huge” one at top. The holder comment of “stains painted over” is nonsense as there is no actual paint present and there are indeed some small repaired edge splits and some humidity discoloration (tone). The signatures are all present in bold brown and the reverse vignette is printed fully upon the paper. Overall, a collectable VF note with monstrous margins...................................... (800-1,000)

February 8, 1779 Ninety Dollars by Coram PMG AU-50

223 South Carolina. February 8, 1779. Ninety Dollars. “Hercules Strangling a Lion” Reverse vignette. Repairs. PMG graded About Uncirculated-50. Fr. SC-158. This is a bright, bold example of this popular type, which displays the reverse vignette, “Hercules Strangling a Lion” engraved by Thomas Coram. The face is particularly bold, with choice print quality on fresh, clean laid period paper. The edges and corner tips are sharp, the paper is solid, having no repairs or detractions. Three boldly written signatures add to this crisp notes impressive, vivid eye appeal..... ................................................................................. (1,800-2,000)

224 Virginia. April 5, 1759 Act. Two Shillings and Six Pence. Backed. Conservation. About Fine. Fr. VA-26. This is an exceptional, very early Colonial Virginia note rarity, which is rarely ever available to collectors. All were to have been turned back into the Treasury for redemption and all were to be destroyed by 1769. This example is one of less than a handful known. It has old thin archival style fiber paper collector backing which is partially transparent to the blank reverse. There are deft sealed edge splits and some basic conservation. The face is very well centered on the laid period paper, and though worn from circulation most of the printed text and designs remain clear, as does the deep brown serial number and signature of John Randolph. Certainly, this extraordinary rarity ranks as one of the Finest known. A rather similar 10s denomination note grading slightly finer, was sold in the CAA Auction of September 2002, Lot 495, where it saw a hammer price of $8,000 and was it there described as follows: “This is the first early Virginia we have ever had the opportunity of offering in our 30 plus rare-currency sales. The note is in beautiful shape for this early issue. The centerfold has been lightly strengthened, as have two of the corner tips as split restoration is so noted on the holder. The body of the note and all the text, as well as the signatures, are legible and perfectly natural. There are some typical period notations on the blank reverse. Early Virginias are virtually never seen, and this extremely important piece will be eagerly sought by this colony’s specialists, most of whom do not own a single example dated prior to 1773. Needless to say, this entire issue is unpriced in both Newman and Friedberg. We would not be at all surprised if this treasure were to realize... $15,000-up.” That was a somewhat strong estimation, though all the notes on pre-1773 Virginia are exceedingly rare. Early American History Auctions offered a rare 10s note certified by PMG in our EAHA Auction, February 10, 2007, Lot 755, PMG graded Fine-15, which sold for $7,960. To date, the PMG population report for this note stands at Zero, no 2s6d having been certified and it is the only example we know of on the market......................... (6,000-8,000)

Want to see Full Color Enlargements of every photographed auction lot ? Visit our Internet Site: www.EarlyAmerican.com Page 68

Impressive “Ashby” Engraved July 17, 1775 Virgina Revolutionary War Period Large Format Bank Form

225 Current Money of Virginia. July 17, 1775. Handwritten Date. Large Size Note. Twenty Shillings. Choice Very Fine. Fr. VA77b. This is a terrific example of the Large Format John Ashby engraved bank form, being engraved and signed in the left margin print by the engraver “Ashby”. This note has a large portion of the left indent margin is still intact, with much of the word “VIRGINIA’ still present and ‘DEATH TO COUNTERFEIT” in full. There are a few typical light folds. The printed text is sharp and fully readable, and the manuscript portions are sharply written in bold brown. Endorsement on the blank reverse of “Robert Carter Nicholas Treas.” recording this note as the Treasurer of Virginia. A very clean and pleasing, fully original “Ashby” high quality note........................................................................... (1,400-1,600)

Virginia October 16, 1780 One Hundred Dollars Note

227 Treasury of Virginia. October 16, 1780. One Hundred Dollars. PCGS graded Apparent Very Fine-30. Fr. VA-192. Lower left corner missing, is noted on the holder. This note is well centered, printed on Thin Rice Paper, and has a small corner nib at the lower left, as mentioned. This is actually a very nice, clean and well printed note that has the eye appeal of Extremely Fine. (275-325)

Choice Uncirculated May 1, 1780 Virginia $2 “Guaranteed”

Rare October 20, 1777 Eight Dollars PMG Choice Unc-63

226 Trasury of Virginia. October 20, 1777. Handwritten Date. Eight Dollars. PMG graded Choice Uncirculated-63. Fr. VA-129. This Virginia note is crisp and has solid paper with sharp edges and corner tips, with some faint tone to the right edge. It is unusually well margined for any Virginia note, allowing it to have choice centering. Any note of this issue being certified as PMG Choice Uncirculated-63 is truly quite a rarity...................... (1,400-1,800)

228 State of Virginia. May 1, 1780. Two Dollars. “Guaranteed by the United States” Issue. Fully Signed. Very Choice Crisp Uncirculated. Fr. VA-172. This impressive quality note is printed in both red and black and has been fully signed on both sides, including on the “Guarantee” endorsement line on the reverse. There are four full margins on the reverse, that provide nice centering and has a Jumbo sheet margin at right. This note is a Gem though the face is a bit tight at left, with a Jumbo sheet margin at right. Its bold brown signatures and serial number and deep black and red printed text and designs, all add colorful eye appeal upon this fresh, bright original paper. This note paid a 5% Yearly Interest and the payment schedule is printed in the lower left corner. According to some experts, the United States government has never actually canceled the “Guaranteed” 5% yearly interest payment promised.................................................... (1,200-1,500)

Scarce “William Imlay” Signed Connecticut “United States” Loan Form 229 April 16, 1793, United States Loan Office Form, Connecticut, Anderson CT-56, Very Choice Extremely Fine. Rarity-5 (Rare). Signed by William Imlay and issued for $42.46. Printed by Francis Bailey on fine quality hand made laid paper bearing a “SANDY RUN” watermark. This certificate is related directly to the transference of the nation’s capitol from Philadelphia to Washington, DC under what was known as the “Assumption Act” (in order to persuade the South to assume a disproportionately larger share of the Revolutionary War debt, the government agreed to relocate the capitol to a Southern State). This example has a nearly invisible slit-cancel and retains a huge right side margin that nearly doubles the entire width of this document. Impressively mounted and matted for display and ready for framing. An important piece of Connecticut and United States fiscal history.......... (800-1,000)

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Encased Postage Stamps Of the Civil War Era

Rare “S. Steinfeld” New York Encased Postage Merchant

Silvered One Cent Joseph Bates “FANCYGOODS” 1 Word

230 EP-6a, HB-49, S-26. One Cent. JOSEPH BATES. “FANCYGOODS” One Word. Partially Silvered reverse. Choice About New Rated as Rarity-6 (16 to 20 known) according to Fred Reed. This beautiful encasement has only some slight friction and has a lovely natural chestnut color with the back near 60% coated with original Silvering. The stamp is a vivid, bright deep blue and well centered. The mica is crystal clear, near perfect and clear. This type is unpriced in “Civil War Encased Postage Stamps” by Fred Reed in this high quality. Since 1995, this is only the second Silvered example of EP-6a we’ve offered, the first sold in our EAHA Auction of December 2009, Lot 529, selling for $1,416. This specimen is worthy of a serious premium for its lovely retained Silvering.......................................... (1,200-1,500)

233 EP-27, HB-221, S-165, Reed-ST01. One Cent, S. STEINFELD. NY. Choice About Uncirculated. Rated as Rarity-7 (11 to 15 known) according to Fred Reed. This is a truly beautiful, vibrant example of the 1¢, S. Steinfeld, which is a highly desirable rarity with about a dozen or so specimens believed to exist. This example is certainly to be ranked among the very Finest known. The bright, fresh and deep blue George Washington stamp is highly attractive, centered a bit to the left. It is perfectly seen through exceptionally crystal clear, unbroken mica. The case is a beautiful natural chestnut in color, and highlighting the sharp reverse legends are traces of original Silvering within the central letters. Always known to collectors as a significant and highly popular Encased Postage Stamp rarity. This one is certainly among of the very finest in this outstanding, high quality. This rare, major merchant type remains one of the “Key” merchants towards completing a full thirty-four merchant type set of Encased Postage Stamps........ (3,500-4,500)

“White The Hatter” New York Merchant Type Rarity-7

Outstanding One Cent “Gage Brothers & Drake” Rarity-8

231 EP-15, HB-120, S-88, Reed-TH01. One Cent. GAGE BROTHERS & DRAKE, Tremont House. Chicago. Choice About New. Rated as Rarity-8 (5 to 10 known) according to Fred Reed. This is a very important rarity towards the full completion of a Encased Postage Stamp collection. The stamp is perfectly centered and retains its full original bold blue appearance. The mica is quite clean and near perfect, with one thin 1/4” natural surface lamination above the top left moon. The case is a lovely golden-chestnut in color having a little sign of actual circulation and having lots of bright original Silvering on the central reverse. All details of the legends are very clear. This EP number is rarely ever encountered. The last EP-15 we sold was in our EAHA Sale, February 10, 2007, Lot 777, also graded About New, selling at $6,195. An impressive example if this significant Encased Postage Stamp rarity.............................................................. (4,000-5,000)

One Cent North American Life with Curved “Insurance” 232 EP-24A, HB-189, S-140, Reed NA01CU. One Cent. NORTH AMERICAN LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY, Curved “INSURANCE”. Choice About New. Rated as Rarity-6 (16 to 20 known) according to Fred Reed. This is a premium quality example of this scarce major Curved “INSURANCE” type. The stamp is a fresh, rich and vivid deep blue in color, seen under crystal clear, near perfect mica. The case has a rich natural appearance, being a glossy chestnut in color and extremely sharp in detail with no defects whatsoever, with distinct letters of the legends. It is a nice looking specimen with excellent eye appeal. This EP number is extremely scarce and more difficult to locate than Reed’s rarity might suggest, as this is only the seventh we have offered over three decades............................................................ (1,500-2,000) Page 70

234 EP-30, HB-234, S-178, Reed-WH01. One Cent. WHITE THE HATTER. New York, Very Fine. Rarity-7 (11 to 15 known) according to Fred Reed. This White the Hatter is a highly popular rarity due to its great merchant name and as a major “Key” type towards collecting the complete 34 Merchant set. This White The Hatter is certain to attract attention from all sorts of collectors including, Encased Postage Stamps, New York City, Tokens, Numismatic Rarities and perhaps even Hat collectors. This piece has a small thin portion of the mica at the top rim edge missing and shows overall light circulation. The perfectly centered deep blue stamp has some light tone and is seen under partially crazed mica. The reverse legends remain very sharp and the case well sealed and defect free with some deep charcoal toning over the majority of the reverse.

There were only two examples of the EP-30 in the important Stack’s Auction of the John J. Ford, Jr. Collection of June 2004, where both were graded Choice Extremely Fine and they sold for $3,738 and $3,450 respectively. A more pleasing example we offered was graded Choice Very Fine, being part of the Dr. Gratz collection, which brought $3,245. Here is an opportunity to acquire a much more affordable type example of White the Hatter. (2,000-2,500)

Silvered Three Cents “Ayer’s Cathartic Pills” EP-32a

235 EP-32a, HB-6, S-3. Three Cents. AYER’S CATHARTIC PILLS. “Long Arrows”Type. Silvered. About New. Rated as Rarity-1 (common) according to Fred Reed. This is a very original Encased Postage Stamp from a more common Merchant, yet very unusual being nicely Silvered on its back showing only faint friction. The red stamp is has some typical light waviness at center and is very clean. The mica has a few tiny natural specks within its layers and is unbroken and clean otherwise. The defect-free case is a pleasing golden-chestnut in color, with nearly 95% of the original Silvering retained on the reverse side highlighting its legends and devices. Encased Postage Stamps with near full original reverse Silvering are quite rare.................................................................. (700-800)

Scarce Three Cents “Brown’s Bronchial Troches” Rarity-6

Gorgeous Three Cent “J. Gault” Plain Frame Rarity-7 or 8

238 EP-46, HB-129, S-95, Reed-JG03. Three Cents. J. GAULT. Plain Frame. Choice About Uncirculated. Rated as a Rarity-7 (11 to 15 known) according to Fred Reed. We have offered just five prior examples of this 3¢ denomination over the past three and a half decades. There was only one solitary piece was offered in the celebrated John J. Ford Collection sale of June 2004. This current specimen is quite outstanding. The clean red George Washington stamp is clear having nice even eye appeal. It is well centered, just a bit to the right. The mica is excellent, being near perfect, crystal clear with smooth surfaces that show just a touch of faint friction. The case is clean, defect free and smooth. This 3¢ denomination is definitely rarer than even the more popular higher values of 24¢ and 30¢ for this merchant. In fact, it has about the same number of auction appearances as the rare One Cent and Ninety Cent denominations in Fred Reed’s (1891 through 1994) auction survey report. It is a denomination certainly missing in most collections. The Finest prior example we have offered was in our EAHA Auction, September 13, 2007, Lot 3104, graded Choice AU, which sold for $1,947. Here is an important opportunity for collectors looking to complete a full Encased Postage or “J. Gault” denomination set...................................................... (2,000-2,500)

One of Only About Three Known Specimens To Exist !

236 EP-38, HB-63, S-32, Reed-BT03. Three Cents. BROWN’S BRONCHIAL TROCHES. Choice Extremely Fine. Rated as Rarity-6 (16 to 20 known) according to Fred Reed. The red George Washington portrait stamp is very well centered having a light diagonal crease. It is seen through perfectly clear, unbroken mica having just a few trivial natural internal layer laminations. The rich chestnut case is very clean and defect-free, having sharp clear legends on its reverse. Only about a dozen examples of this scarce Encased Postage Stamp number are actually known.......... (800-1,000)

Choice “Burnett’s Standard Cooking Extracts” Rarity-6

237 EP-40, HB-82, S-53, Reed-BE03. Three Cents. BURNETT’S STANDARD COOKING EXTRACTS. Choice About Uncirculated. Rated as Rarity-6 (16 to 20 known) according to Fred Reed. This Three Cent denomination of “Burnett’s Cooking Extracts” is occasionally available, but it is far more scarce than either the Five or Ten Cents of this same issue. This is one of the very finest examples in quality we have offered. The perfectly centered stamp is fresh, being a deep rich red in appearance. The mica is perfectly clean and clear with just some light friction from minor circulation at best. The case is completely defect-free and has a lovely, glossy natural even golden-chestnut color with traces of original mint luster remaining within the excellent reverse legends. Every tiny detail of the reverse legends are distinct, showing virtually no wear whatsoever. We sold a similarly graded example in our EAHA Auction, February 13, 1999, Lot 572, graded Choice AU, which sold for $1,207. A truly superb looking example.............. ................................................................................. (1,200-1,800)

239 EP-49, HB-149, S-107, Reed-IH03. Three Cent. HUNT & NASH, IRVING HOUSE. New York. Plain Frame. About New. Rated as Hi Rarity-8+ (About 5 known) according to Fred Reed. However, it is widely accepted that there are only about three known to exist. Two examples were in the historic offering of the Stack’s, John J. Ford Collection Sale, Part IV, June 2004. This current example is Lot 520 of that collection (no insert tag). In Bowers & Hodder’s “The Standard Catalogue,” Michael Hodder also suggests that less than five examples are known. There are only dashes in place of values in all grades due to its great rarity. The fresh, vivid red stamp is perfectly centered, very bold, bright and clean. The mica is virtually perfect, being extremely clean and crystal clear with one wispy natural surface lamination layer at left. The reverse case is exceptionally sharp and defect-free with a subdued golden-brassy luster having been cleaned long ago. This offering is a highly important opportunity, one not to be missed by any serious Encased Postage Stamp collector. We have sold the following examples of this exceptionally rare Merchant variety; Lot #1142, June 23, 1989 (later re-offered again as Lot 658 of February 1993). Nearly three years ago we sold one of the John Ford, Jr. examples as Lot 794 of our February 2005 sale, selling for $3,540. Lot 828 of our EAHA, August 25, 2007 Auction sale brought $3,305. Overall, this is a wonderful looking, superior quality example of a highly important Encased Postage rarity. As one of only about Three Known to exist, serious consideration is important........................................ (5,000-6,000) Page 71

Elusive EP-63 Five Cents “AYER’S SARSAPARILLA”

Collection of Twenty Seven “Ayers American Almanacs”

240 EP-63, HB-33, S-16. Five Cents. AYER’S SARSAPARILLA. Medium letters. Very Fine or better. Rated as Rarity-6 (16 to 20 known) according to Fred Reed. The rich deep brown stamp is perfectly centered, sharp and bold. The mica is very clear and as a few trivial natural surface laminations. The case is quite clean and a nice golden-chestnut with some deeper scattered charcoal tones. This rarely encountered number is an important and quite collectable example for this type and scarce five cent denomination............. .................................................................................... (800-1,200)

Bold 5¢ “Burnett’s Standard Cooking Extracts” Boston

243 “AYER’S” Encased Postage Stamp Related, Collection of Twenty Seven All Different, “AYER’S American Almanacs,” Average grade Very Fine. This hard to recreate, very interesting Collection of Twenty Seven different “AYER’S American Almanacs” which include the years: 1868 to 1873, 1875 to 1878, 1880 to 1890, and 1891 to 1896. A few exhibit some minor expected foxing and some minor handling problems with most being quite nice and clean and sold “as is” as such. Overall a very fine grouping for any Match and Medicine or Encased Postage Stamp related “AYER’S” collection. (27 Issues)......... (500-700)

Obsolete Currency & Related One of Kentucky’s Earliest “Frontier-Issued” Banknotes

241 EP-70, HB-83, S-54. Five Cents. BURNETT’S STANDARD COOKING EXTRACTS, Boston, Choice Extremely Fine. Rarity-4 (31 to 40 known) according to Fred Reed. This is a beautiful, bold looking example which might have graded About New but for one small natural piece of the central mica lacking from Jefferson’s mouth and right cheek, with a fine central lamination in the mica to the left moon. The stamp itself remains a rich original deep bold brown. The case is a lovely lustrous chestnut in color, having superb defect free smooth surfaces that appear virtually New. Surprisingly, we have not offered another for over three years, since 2008. Overall, this is a very attractive, collectable example.......................................................................... (500-600)

Extremely Rare Twelve Cents “Lord & Taylor” New York

244 The Kentucky Insurance Company. Lexington, KY. Five Dollars. Contemporary Counterefeit. Dated 1803. Very Fine. Haxby KY-170 C36. Hughes 403. This very important “Frontierissued” note, which is dated 1803 is absolutely one of the earliest known notes to be actually issued in Kentucky for circulation, even as a Contemporary Counterfeit. No Genuine notes from this plate type are known. Contemporary counterfeits from this current plate, are ever rarely seen. There is a small right-end professionally sealed split which does not detract from the great rarity and desirability of this important note. It is bright and vivid, with two small pen cancels on the right signature. This historic, major Kentucky note is a significant rarity for placement into a serious Obsolete and/or Kentucky currency collection........................................ (600-800)

242 EP-153, HB-172, S-125, Reed-LT12. Twelve Cents. LORD & TAYLOR, New York. Plain Frame. Extremely Fine. Rated as Hi Rarity-8 (5 to 10 known) according to Fred Reed. An important Encased Postage Stamp “Key” and Twelve Cents denomination. There are estimated to be no more than six examples known of this significant rarity. This is a very collectable example, net graded Extremely Fine as there is a small 1/4” void in the mica from below Washington’s chin to the bottom rim edge. The deep black stamp is very clean and sharp in appearance, centered slightly to the right. The mica has some light surface lamination at lower left. The case itself easily grades Choice About New as all details of the legends are superbly sharp, defect-free with a perfect glossy, natural chestnut color. According to a prior owner, the pedigree for this piece is the famous Arnold Pearl Sale in 1969 (no insert tag included)............................................................ (3,000-3,500)

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245 Boston, MA, The Massachusetts Bank, $2, 1700s, Later Proof Impression on Bond Paper, Choice Extremely Fine. Haxby MA-270 G74. PRF-R5. Small format plate proof done in the 19th Century. Text with date designated “17,” a series listed in Newman. A choice example from this eight peice set of small size, square shaped notes. Wide left edge margin and a single punch hole cancel..................................................................... (500-600)

Superb Grade “1800” Dated “Bank of Baltimore” $20

1817 Michigan Territorial Bearer Scrip Signed Rarity

246 The Bank of Baltimore. Baltimore, MD. Twenty Dollars. Contemprary Counterfeit. No Cancel. Choice Very Fine or better. Haxby MD-15 C86. Shank 5.5.51. One of the finest quality early issue historic Maryland Obsolete Era Banknotes any collector will likely encounter, of any type. This note is boldly printed and has not been canceled. It is from a well executed “C” position Counterfeit plate, with an important engraved “1800” date. The signatures are bold and very accurate representations. Listed in Shank et al as 5.5.51 and in high grade. This note was certainly a deceptive Counterfeit. This early American bank commenced its operations on January 2, 1797 with $1,200,000 in capital. The initial series 1797 notes are listed by Eric Newman in his major reference, “The Early Paper Money of America”. This extremely early note was issued only three years later, and is perhaps almost as rare as the first issues. There are a few very minor nicks at the right end. Overall, this is a very solid and well printed historic note................................................................................. (400-500)

248 Detroit, MI. Bearer Scrip Signed by Brewster & Dorr, “at my shop in Detroit”. 25 Cents. 1817. Fine. Haxby-Not Listed. Bowen 2. This is one of the earliest notes on Michigan Territory, and is noted as such within the typeface located on the end panels. As such, this is an extremely interesting layout and historical issue. Signed and issued, exceedingly rare........................ (1,000-1,500) William Thomson Collection, CAA FUN 1-2004, Lot 17369

Superb 1830’s Bank of Michigan Five Dollars Proof Note With Seated Man and Dog As Used on the “Kirtland” Series

Fantastic Experimental Engraver’s Hybrid Test Proof Note

249 Detroit, MI. The Bank of Michigan. Five Dollars. Gem India Paper Proof. Haxby MI-140 G24 Lee DET 6-26. PRF-R6/5. This impressive, early 1830’s Proof is from a sheet, initially sold in the ABN sale. Engraved by Draper, Underwood, Bald, & Spencer. This is the first of this type we have offered and is the “Plate A” example from a stunning sheet that came from the 1990 ABN Sale and held by its former owner for two decades. Recently, this became one of only four single proofs which likely will constitute the supply forever. Gorgeous black inks on white India surfaces. Seated man and dog as used on the Kirtland note series. Lovely panel ends on each side. The condition is perfect in all respects. Magnificent. The very First of this rare Gem Proof Bank of Michigan note to be offered by Early American History Auctions........ (800-1,200)

247 Boston, (MA), The Charlestown Bank, New Bedford, New Brunswick (Canada). New England Bank Note Co.. Fifty Dollars. Engraver’s Hybrid Titled Test Note. Gem India Paper Proof. Haxby-Unlisted. Plate G. Printed on India paper. PRF R8. This remarkable Proof note is likely Unique. It has the imprint of the New England Banknote Company. Vignettes include, at left of top center a period haywagon scene. At the lower left is a sailboat and at the lower right, is Justice seated. This is the sole example known to us and a very unusual and complex experimental note in having the use of two countries which is basically unheardof. We believe this note was likely in the John J. Ford holdings. A tremendous opportunity to acquire the single example of this wonderful design. This note is fresh, clean and bright exhibiting excellent overall eye appeal. Ex: Haverford Collection; 2000 Strasburg Sale #201 (R.M. Smythe & Co., September 15-16, 2000, Lot 1244).................................................................. (1,800-2,000)

Stylish American Eagle Vignetted $10 Michigan India Proof

250 Detroit, MI. The Bank of Michigan. Ten Dollars. Gem India Paper Proof. Haxby MI-140 G28 Lee DET 6-34. PRF-R6/5. As we have stated numerous times, Michigan Proofs are usually tough to find. Last year’s 52 Collection Proof sale had but one Michigan Proof note, if that is any indication. The ABN Archives did not have many either, as compared to some other states. This beautiful early 1830’s Proof note is from a sheet, initially sold in the ABN sale, then held by its owner across two decades. It is Engraved by Draper, Underwood, Bald, & Spencer. At the top center is a vignette of a large American Eagle, and at the ends are identical panels with a seated Native American Indian. We have offered only one other, quite some time ago and it sold for a good price. This example is in superior condition to that prior note. This is the “Plate D” or bottom impression, off the once four-subject sheet. A very stylish, and of course, very rare Bank of Michigan Gem India Paper Proof............................................... (800-1,200) Page 73

Stacked Coins Vignetted “Bank of Albany” Note Showing a Row of Five Qverlapping Draped Bust Dollars ! Made Payable to GENERAL MIFFLIN

251 The Bank of Albany. Albany, New York. Five Dollars. Dated 1812. Contemporary Counterfeit. Fine. Haxby NY-30 C76. Plate E. No imprint. High Rarity-5. This note has a fabulous and exciting vignette on its left end, showing a vertical row of five overlapping Draped Bust dollars that appear (on two) to be dated “1801”. There is text in the center, with the right end vignette of Ceres standing, printed in red. Printed on period wove paper, having a few expected trivial few nicks and pinholes. This is a very scarce, early United States Silver Dollar, “Coin” vignetted series, that in this case is superior in grade to the recent Larry Stack Collection notes. This important design type and issue as illustrated in the Newman reference “The Early Paper Money of America” on page 296 as a pre-1800 early New York Bank, this current note being in superior quality to the Newman plate. Also, made payable to GENERAL MIFFLIN...................... (800-1,000)

254 Philadelphia, PA, John Thompson Groceries at 130 North Water Street, 50 Cents, Dec. 10, 1814, Fine. Haxby PA-Not listed. Hoober 305-889 A rare note with a full width naned signature. Top center with vignette of goods and barrells, the imprint of Lafourcade, Printer, 159 N.3rd St. at the bottom. Excellent grade with very slight corner nick at the lower right............... (450-550)

1863 Sheet Music “HOW ARE YOU GREEN-BACKS”

Starr Test Note Progress Proof on India Paper

252 New York, NY, The Mechanics’ Bank in the City of New York, Five Dollars, February 10, 1824. E. & C. Starr Test Note Progress Proof on India Paper. Choice About Uncirculated. Haxby NY-1745-Not listed. PRF-R7. A very rare black and white proof with the imprint of Executed by E. & C. Starr. This has none of the colors used on the final test notes for this mysterious, Congreve Patent style firm. Great eagle vignette at the top center and using these bank titles with or without permission as further, deep research would be needed to find out. We have seen only one other B&W of this style. Some minor handling..... (500-600)

255 May 3, 1863-Dated. First Edition. Historic Printed Sheet Music Titled, HOW ARE YOU GREEN-BACKS, Sung by Dan Bryant, Words by E. Bowers, Arranged by Charles Glover, Published by Wm. A. Pond & Co. New York, Very Fine. This original 13 1/8” x 10 1/8” period Sheet Music has 3 pages of song plus cover. It is very clean and vivid in appearance with some light age tone, disbound, a period light red stamp for “John F. Ellis, Pianos & Music, Penna. Ave., Washington, D.C.” (which seems most appropriate), in oval at center near the bottom . Printed in bold black and green, with the central devices of a fantasy, period, $10 Federal Styled Note with two others beneath, showing Dan Bryant (the singer) in an oval vignette at left. This “Note” is Signed by Bryant and William A. Pond, the Publisher of the “Popular comic Song.” A light pencil notation on the cover reads, “Compliments of S. Mello, Washington, D.C. May 3, 1863”. A great piece that works with Large Size, Federal Currency, or any collection of “Green Backs.”.............................................................. (400-600)

The Haxby Plate Note

Intricate Patterns and Dies With Portrait of General Greene

253 Wilmington, NC. The Bank of Cape Fear. Three Dollars. Dated June 9, 1817. Plate C. Contemporary Counterfeit. The Haxby Plate Note. Choice Crisp About Uncirculated. Haxby NC-90 C40. This is a very scarce, High Rarity-5 contemporary counterfeit, with the imprint of Leney & Rollinson, N. Y. at bottom center. The top central vignette displays Commerce Seated, with engraved Shaded End Panels, a “THREE” left and “3” at right. This Plate C counterfeit is extremely high grade for such an early North Carolina major type. It is bright, vibrant, and looks just as a brand new note. This is the outstanding Haxby Plate Note, with a pedigree from the 2003 CAA Cincinnati Sale, Lot 1549. This is a distinguished pedigree for certain, and only the second we have catalogued for sale......................................................... (750-950)

256 Plate 43, Formerly from the Cyrus Durand Archive Book. Portraits, Dies and Grillwork. An interesting Durand plate arrangement, the patterns quite intricate on a 10” x 10.25” heavy wove page. Eleven elements, all printed in black. Bottom center, large portrait of unidentified jurist (by his dress, Judge Story?) flanked by two ornate circular lathe frames, underneath narrow strip of grillwork. Above, piece of wider grillwork with repeating THREE micro-lettered pattern. General Greene above. Five other lathe pieces. A few petty foxing and glue specks. Interesting plate and striking portraiture. Formerly from the 52 Collection; private purchase, Anthony Terranova........................................ (350-400)

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Superb Numerical “3” Plate from Durand Archive With Small Oval Portrait of President George Washington 257 Plate 33, Formerly from the Cyrus Durand Archive Book. Grand Ornate “3” with Dies and Vignettes. The amazing and all unique constructions featuring India die proof elements showcasing Cyrus Durand’s awesome patents on this 10” x 10.25” heavy wove sheet. The plate with five elements, all printed in black, is superb. Very immense and ornate “3” at center. 50mm by 75mm. Left and right, identical micro-lettered ONE counters. At bottom, Capitol of Tennessee (pencil corner notation as such) and at top, small oval portrait of Washington (used on Plate 1 and others in the book, see the Stack’s sale catalogue). The center portion is incredibly masterful in execution, but we are not certain of its practical usage. It might only have been used for sample sheets or other projects. Some glue traces seen on perimeter of two India paper elements. Formerly from the 52 Collection; private purchase, Anthony Terranova........................................ (450-600)

Striking Color Cyrus Durand Array 258 Plate 51, Formerly from the Cyrus Durand Archive Book. Portrait, Dies, Grillwork and Color Counters. Though the color is brief, striking in the balance and contribution to the overall production. Fifteen elements, thirteen printed in black and three in deep carmine. The elements in this case affixed to the 10” x 10.25” page guard, not a page, with ghosting to the verso of the prior Plate 50. Male portrait affixed center of wide piece of grillwork with repeating micro-lettered THREE pattern. 90mm by 42mm. Flanking, black cycloidals with carmine counters affixed at center. “X” left and “10” right. Above central, spoked cycloidal with carmine piece set in middle, three small pieces around.

Bottom, incredibly intricate and large “N” with micro-lettered ONE pattern. Flanking, smaller cycloidals. Extreme bottom, wide piece of grillwork with repeating micro-lettered ONE pattern, incredibly fine lined. An intricate and desirable multi-color plate. The lathe work is amazing on this example. The placement on the page guard may or may not have been an accident since it seems to fit the center of the book position well. There is some glue wrinkling and ghosting seen from the next Plate 52. This plate related to the five full proof banknotes in the Durand archive book. There were realtively few color plates in the book making them all the more important. Formerly from the 52 Collection; private purchase, Anthony Terranova........................................................ (450-650)

High Denomination Cyrus Durand Archive Book Counters 259 Plate 68, Formerly from the Cyrus Durand Archive Book. Counters, Lathe Pattern and Grillwork. Great Danforth, Wright & Co. era work. There are seven elements, all printed in black. Horizontal axis with row of counters on a 10” x 10.25” heavy wove page. Center, intricate cursive ONE on cycloidal. Flanking, M-ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS- counter and right C-ONE HUNDRED-DOLLARS from same series. All DW style. The last two are the first seen by us. Above, strip of nine repeating THREE hexagonals with 1 counter extreme top. Below center, strip of micro-lettered repeating FIVE grillwork with 10 counter at bottom. Another distinctive layout and handsome array. High quality plate as were several in this section of the book. Formerly from the 52 Collection; private purchase, Anthony Terranova..... ....................................................................................... (300-400)

Impressive Allegorical Figure of George Washington with Commerce and Agriculture Hand-Engraved Steel Printing Plate

260 c. 1870 Engraved Steel Die Printing Plate, Allegorical Figures of Commerce and Agriculture with central George Washington Portrait Vignette, 4.75” x 2.25”, Choice Extremely Fine. This wonderful Engraved Steel Die Printing Plate from the American Bank Note Company Archives has lovely light silver-gray color with deeper gray around the vignettes. The Portrait of George Washington is after Gilbert Stuart, displayed in oval frame with “Commerce” at left and “Agriculture” at right. Other devices scene in this plate include implements of the allegorical figures, plus Ships and a Locomotive in the distance at either side. An attractive Printing Plate was used as a bank note vignette for currency design. Engraved identification number. Ex: Stack’s J.A. Sherman Collection Sale, August 2007, Lot 96, where it realized $863. Today, these rare and popular die vignette plates are in demand and sell for more.................................. (800-1,000)

Impressive Allegorical Figure of “Liberty” Seated with a Liberty Cap On Pole Hand Engraved Steel Printing Plate

261 c. 1870 Engraved Steel Printing Plate, Allegorical Figure of “Liberty” Seated with a Liberty Cap On Pole and a Fasces Vignette, 2” x 2.5”, Choice Extremely Fine. This original hand-engraved Steel Printing Plate has excellent eye appeal. The surfaces are medium steel-gray in color with the engraving sharp and attractive. Engraved identification number with “Midd Hard” scratched on the plain back for type identification, together with its original heavy card protective sleeve. A rare a highly impressive type that likely would have been used by the American Bank Note Company on currency, bonds and the like for its vignette style and decoration. Very rare. (2 items)................................... (700-900)

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Colonial Coinage

Choice 1723 Rosa Americana Penny NGC Graded AU-55

262 1723 Rosa Americana Penny, NGC graded About Uncirculated55 Brown. This is a perfectly centered coin on both sides, having a very sharp strike such that all details remain very distinct and clear. This example has excellent original rich chestnut with a glossy appearance on the surfaces, which creates excellent overall eye appeal. The coin is virtually defect free being a very nice, high quality example. Current 2011 Red Book lists this major type at a value of $1,500 in AU-50 and $3,500 in MS-60. A lovely, very pleasing high quality coin........................................ (1,000-1,500)

Pleasing 1724 Wood’s Hibernia Halfpenny ANACS EF-40

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Gorgeous 1787 Machin’s Mills Halfpenny PCGS EF-45

266 1787 Machin’s Mills Halfpenny. PCGS graded Extremely Fine45. Rarity-4. This coin is very well centered and has relatively smooth, evenly worn defect-free surfaces. It has chestnut to medium-brown color and decent details. Listed on page 64 of the 2011 Red Book, with a value of $2,300 in “EF.” This coin is particularly attractive, being exceedingly sharp for the grade, and with a “1787” date that is fully upon the planchet. It appears to have been somewhat conservatively graded. Machin’s Mills coinage rarely is encountered with such superb looking glossy surfaces and sharpness of detail............................... (1,500-2,000)

Pleasing Circulated 1787 Nova Eborac Copper Facing Left

263 1724 Wood’s Hibernia Halfpenny. Martin 4.5 K-4. ANACS graded Extremely Fine-40. Rarity-2. This quality Wood’s Hibernia Halfpenny has the scarcer 1724 date. It has nice original chestnut-brown color. The strike is nice, both sides have smooth, glossy hard surfaces and is strong at the peripheries which have sharp, perfect edges. This is a premium quality coin for its grade of this scarcer Wood’s date. Listed on page 43 of the 2011 Red Book, with a value of $850 in “EF.” A very nice 1724 example of this type.......................................................................... (400-600)

Impressive 1788 Vermont Copper Mailed Bust Right

1785 Nova Constellatio Copper “Small Date” NGC VF-25

264 1785 Nova Constellatio Copper. “CONSTELLATIO,” SMALL DATE with Pointed Rays. NGC graded Very Fine-25 Brown. This major listed “Small Date” type has nice natural chestnutbrown color, smooth hard surfaces and is well centered on both sides. There are no noticeable marks or detractions and the central “eye” is weak as is typical of the variety. Listed on page 52 of the 2011 Red Book, with a value of $3,500 in “VF.” Overall, a most pleasing specimen of this important 1785 “CONSTELLATIO” type........................................................................... (2,000-2,500)

Choice Quality 1787 Connecticut Copper With Great Color 265 1787 Connecticut Copper. Draped Bust Left. “ETLIR”. PCGS graded Extremely Fine-45. This pleasing 1787 Connecticut Copper has light, even honest circulation. It has overall excellent eye appeal for the grade, being a perfect natural medium brown in color, with nice hard surfaces and exhibits some sharp details. Listed on page 60 of the 2011 Red Book, with a value of $1,450 in “EF.”.......................................................................... (700-900) Page 76

267 1787 Nova Eborac Copper. Seated Figure Facing Left. PCGS graded Very Fine-35. This medium chestnut-brown coin has lovely, smooth hard surfaces with some softly struck peripheral details for the choice grade of VF-35. Overall, there are no detractions worthy of mention. Listed on page 65 of the 2011 Red Book, with a value of $900 in “VF.”............................. (750-850)

268 1788 Vermont Copper. Mailed Bust Right. Ryder-16. W-2120. About Uncirculated. Rarity-1. This more common Vermont Copper variety has glossy medium chestnut color with some scattered deeper brown tones with only a slight hint of light wear to its highpoints. The centering of both its face and back are near perfect, with just a hint of trivial roughness in areas. The rims are quite sharp and mark free, on this variety that is always found weakly struck at the centers, as made. This is a very nice coin that would fit well into any collection of high quality Vermont Coppers, or Colonial Coins in general as an example of this major listed type................................................................. (1,400-1,800)

Exceedingly Rare George Washington Related “Long Live The King” Coat Button

Well Detailed 1820 North West Company Token

269 1820 North West Company Token. Struck in Brass. W-9250. Breen-1083. Holed at top as intended. Very Fine. 132.8 gns. This major, highly popular 1820 North West Company Token has details that are superior to most seen, with King George IV’s profile portrait well-detailed. The lower portion of the reverse is similar in being quite strongly detailed. Holed at top as made for suspension and bundling. The surfaces have an attractive, mostly hard dark brown color, with scattered minor pitting and some scaling across the King’s bust, which is very typical of this issue. It has a far better appearance than the vast majority (and there are not that many) of surviving examples. Perhaps the finest known is illustrated on page 74 of the 2011 Red Book, where it is valued at $12,000 in Very Fine condition. Collectors who are familiar with this rare issue will note that this current specimen has an overall quite impressive appearance, which is rarely encountered. An important opportunity to acquire a rather pleasing and highly elusive, North West Company Token...................... (6,000-8,000)

1783 Washington “Unity States” Cent NGC Mint State-62

272 c. 1789. Colonial Era Coat Size Button. “Long Live The King” Legend. Brass. The Model for the George Washington Inaugural Buttons. With Original Shank. Excavated. Very Good. 32mm diameter. This is an original example of the very rare, brass Uniform Coat Button, which has the inscription, “Long Live The King” around an empty circular center. Surrounding rays radiate outward, beyond the central inscription. The blank back has the Original Shank still fully intact at center. The Albert reference does not list this exact button, though the same style is used for the “Long Live The President” button. Two examples of this button design are included as part of J. Harold Cobb George Washington button collection (though that one was of a totally different British Hand-engraved Design and called a “George III” in the master listing.) This current example does read “Long Live The King.” and was collected by Cobb along with his Inaugural types as an associated button. Images of this can be seen online with the posted Cobb Collection information.

This button was excavated. It is dark brown in color and now exhibits overall surface porosity. The inscription “Long Live The King” is fairly clear and readable. A number of different button types were made at the time of George Washington’s inauguration as America’s first President at New York City in 1789. Several types were inscribed “Long Live The President” in a style fully similar to this button. A rare and historically important button associated to the George Washington inaugural era types............. ................................................................................. (1,200-1,800)

270 1783 Washington and Independence “Unity States” Cent. NGC graded Mint State-62 Brown. This medium brown lustrous coin has perfect centering on both sides, a wonderful sharp strike and glossy overall underlying satiny luster. There are no marks or defects, only the slightest hint of ancient cabinet friction that does not affect its choice eye appeal. Listed on page 76 of the 2011 Red Book, with a value of $2,500 in “UNC.” Very scarce in this high Mint State quality, specially in that it is a very early superb strike having almost no trace of the normal reverse striations................ ................................................................................. (1,500-2,000)

Single Item or Major Collection –––––––––––––– Your Important Material Should be Consigned to one of our Upcoming Sales

George Washington Buttons Extremely Rare George Washington Inaugural Button “Eagle with Star” Type Original Shank Albert WI-12B 271 (1789) George Washington Inaugural Button. Large Size. “Eagle & Star” type. With its Original Shank. Albert WI-12B. NGC Certified GENUINE. Extremely Fine. 35 mm. Rarity-5 (Only 8 Examples of this rare variety are Known). This is the Large Coat Button Size and the variety with the border consisting of 54 incuse dots. Small denticles subvariety. This piece is well preserved and has its original shank on the back. The 2005 revised edition of Cobb’s catalog of George Washington Inaugural Buttons states that Only 8 Examples of this rare variety are Known. Exceedingly rare. Accompanied by its NGC Photo Certificate Certified GENUINE................................................ (4,000-5,000) Page 77

Unlisted Heraldic Eagle Early George Washington Button

Exceptional (1789) Brass “Long Live The President” with Wreath Type George Washington Inaugural Button

273 (1789) George Washington Inaugural Button. “Long Live The President” with “Wreath” Type. Brass. Pant Button Size. With Original Shank. Albert WI-17B. NGC Certified GENUINE. Choice Near Mint. 15mm. Pant Button Size. Rarity-5. In this type of Washington Inaugural Button, the inscription “Long Live The President” surrounds a wreath with an empty interior. This type comes in 2 sizes, the button offered here being the smaller of the two varieties. This button is in excellent, original condition. The brass has the correct color, is smooth and hard and does not appear to have ever been buried. The original shank is attached, complete and present on the back. There are slight traces of original Silvering still retained within the obverse devices and on the reverse side. Albert’s Rarity-5 indicates that only 6 to 10 examples are known. A wonderful example of an early button made to celebrate George Washington’s first inauguration. An example of this variety, in choice condition, sold in Stack’s January 21, 2003 sale for $5,250 (hammer price). Another example in Extremely Fine was sold by Heritage in February 2007 for $5,975. One of the Finest Known and of museum quality............................................. (5,000-6,000)

Washington Inaugural Button “Long Live The President” One of Two or Three Known Type Lacking In The Cobb Collection

274 (1789), George Washington Inaugural Button. with “Long Live The President.” Albert WI-18A. With its Original Shank. NGC Certified GENUINE. Fine. Rarity-7 (Only Two or so Known). 20 mm. This is the type with a ring of 15 stars in the center, surrounded by an incuse ring, outside of which is the incuse inscription: “Long Live The President.” This button is smaller than most Washington Inaugural buttons, but there is a still smaller, 15 mm version of this button type (Albert WI-18B). The button offered here is partially weak, making the stars and incuse ring difficult to discern. This button includes the original shank on the back, and is darkly patinated.

It is rated as Rarity-7, which is Albert’s highest rarity rating, indicating that only one or two examples are known. The J. Harold Cobb collection of Inaugural buttons, sold by Stack’s January 21, 2003, did not contain an example of this variety. We have found no other sales of this button since 2003. This is one of two known examples, no others of this significant type having been offered at auction to our knowledge. Accompanied by its NGC Photo Certificate Certified GENUINE............................... (2,500-3,000)

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275 c. 1800s, George Washington Button. Heraldic Eagle with 15Stars. Unlisted Type. Brass. No shank. About Very Good. 20 mm. This well worn, actually used brass button has a design with 15 incuse Stars at the top, “Washington” incuse below, along with an incuse American Heraldic Eagle at the bottom. The shank was attached to the center of this side. The outer facing side of this button is completely blank and smooth, as made. This piece is not listed in the George Washington section of Albert’s “Record of American Uniform and Historical Buttons,” and may possibly be a unique design type. The use of 15 Stars typically would be for the number of official States, which would indicate a time period of about 1792 or some time later (as the design suggests), with the introduction of Kentucky in 1792. An exceptional rarity missing in every Washington related button collection........ (1,200-1,400)

Fugio Cents 1787 Fugio Cent “Cross After Date” Type Newman 1-B

276 1787 Fugio Cent. Pointed Rays / UNITED STATES. “Cross After Date” type. Newman 1-B. Choice Very Fine. 130.1 grns. Rarity-6 (13-30 known) for the variety. This attractive example has smooth, hard somewhat glossy medium brown surfaces. The planchet is nearly defect-free with a surface irregularity at the lower obverse edge at 5:00, which says a lot about the quality when you’re talking about Fugio Cents. The surfaces have smoothed down over time by the light even wear this coin has received. The obverse shows no multiple clash marks and has excellent detail to the Sun, Sundial FUGIO and date, with a clearly seen “Cross After Date.” The reverse links are extremely sharp and clear with sharply detailed, easily readable central legends. Fugio Cent variety collectors will appreciate the condition and rarity of this scarce “Cross After Date” major type................................. (3,750-5,500)

1787 Fugio Cent “Club Rays” Type Newman 3-D

277 1787 Fugio Cent. Club Rays / UNITED STATES. Newman 3-D. Extremely Fine. 160.1 grns. Rarity 3. This popular and major Fugio Cent type has nice centering and clear details, including the large Club Rays. It has nice, natural chestnut color and the surfaces have a very faint wispiness, apparently within the planchet as made. A very nice looking collectable example in unusual high quality...................................................................... (1,200-1,800)

“Loss of the Somers” Mexican War Medal NGC MS-66

Gorgeous 1787 Fugio Cent Newman 8-B PCGS AU-55

278 1787 Fugio Cent. Pointed Rays / UNITED STATES. 4 Cinquefoils. Newman 8-B. PCGS graded About Uncirculated55. This wonderful 1787 Fugio Cent has sharp, distinct details and appears to be fully Uncirculated to this cataloger’s eye. There is no sign or any actual wear and the surfaces are a perfect light brown, hard and smooth. The strike is so sharp that there is die clash seen on the reverse. A tiny edge clip is located at 5:00, so small that it is virtually hidden by the PCGS holder. This lovely coin is very pleasing................................................ (2,000-3,000)

Historic Medals 1777 “France Prepares to Aid America” Silver Medal

280 1846-Dated. (c.1900) “Loss of the Somers,” Mexican War Naval Medal. United States Mint Struck in Bronze. NGC graded Mint State-66. Julian NA-24. 57.3 mm. 93 gm. This exceptional, “Loss of the Somers” Naval medal has a lovely, deep natural chestnutbrown color and is in superb overall quality, being NGC certified and graded Mint State-66. This medal is the only and Finest in quality of this vintage, certified by NGC. Accompanied by its NGC Photo Certification graded MS-66................. (1,000-1,200) This United States Mint made medal, was produced circa 1900 to our best knowledge. We are aware of only a small group of this special vintage and type that were recently discovered, and unpublished until now. Also to our best knowledge only one of each design is known. It is possible that others may exist. They are clearly not originals or 19th century restrikes. These medals have a distinct appearance. They are certainly the “only ones recognized” for what they are. Also, they are apparently even rarer than the medals that were produced by the Mint with the green experimental finish, that were used for only a few years at the turn of the 19th century. According to Joe Levine, he has not seen any of this vintage previously, over many decades of specialization and as a top authority in the field. We know of none other of these medals, other than a few sold through Presidential. It is difficult to to estimate their market value as they are of a later issue, and the “originals” have been widely collected since made. However, this vintage of issue appears to be vastly more rare than the “originals,” if not unique. The true rarity of these medals is unknown. However, the fact that they have just come to the attention of longtime specialists in the field is a good indication of their great scarcity.

c. 1885 Tiffany & Co. “Long and Faithful Service” Medal

279 1777-Dated Revolutionary War Period. “France Prepares to Aid America” Medal. Obverse 1. Struck in Silver. Reeded Edge. Jeton. Betts 558. NGC graded Mint State-62. 28.9 mm. 6.9 grams. This satiny and lustrous French Jeton, bears the portrait of the French King Louis XVI on the obverse, with the legend, “LUDOV. XVI. REX CHRISTIANIS”. The central vignette design on the reverse shows a scene of a seated figure of Mars (the god of war) with spear and shield. To his left, a standing figure of Peace lays one hand upon his shoulder and with the other holds an olive branch. The legend reads, “PACEM ARMA TUENTUR, (arms preserve peace) EXTRAORDINAIRE DES GUERRES 1777”.

This attractive medal has lovely golden-russet and silver toning that is somewhat stronger at the peripheries. According to Marvin & Low, “It was the custom of the different Departments of the French Government to issue jetons occasionally, having reference to some special event in their administration, and this piece belongs to that class. From its device it seems to allude to the fact that France was preparing to take an active part in the alliance with the Colonies against Great Britain; hence, although it bears no direct allusion to America, Mr. Betts included it in his list.” Thus, this specimen is a directly related and would be a quite important addition to any Revolutionary War period medal collection.................. (600-750)

The French were interested in America and its quest for independence primarily as a counter to British power and influence following the Seven Years War. While their participation in the American Revolution was selfserving, there is no doubt that their assistance was critical to American victory.

281 c. 1885, “Long and Faithful Service” Medal, Tiffany & Company, Bronze, the historic 7th Regiment of the New York State Militia, Extremely Fine. This is an original, antique bronze “Long and Faithful Service” Medal, made by Tiffany & Co. circa 1885. It was presented to Lieut. Stephen W. Merritt of the 7th Regiment of the New York State Militia for his “Long and Faithful Service.” This scarce medal hangs from its original bright red silk ribbon that has some damage and a short tear into the left edge, which is still fully attached to the top Pinback. The reverse flat side is ornately personalized being engraved to “Lieut. Stephen W. Merritt”. The total length, with the ribbon, is about 4” while the actual bottom portion of this medal measures 1.75” x 1.75”.

This medal is marked “Tiffany & Co. Pat. March 3, 1885” in tiny letters at the reverse side bottom. The Seventh Regiment Armory, located at 643 Park Avenue also known as Park Avenue Armory in New York, New York, United States, is an historic brick building that fills an entire city block on New York’s Upper East Side. A scarce, nicely designed and rarely encountered, c. 1885 Tiffany & Co. “Long and Faithful Service” Medal.................... (250-350) Page 79

Tiffany & Co. 7th Regiment New York Award Badge & Pins Plus Rare 25” Long NY Militia Custom Trophy Belt

Large Indian Peace Medal Proudly Displayed and Worn By “WAT-CHE-MON-NE, An Ioway Chief” Original Print

282 Late 19th to Early 20th Century, Tiffany & Company, Collection of Award Pins, Badges and 3” wide by 25” long Custom Trophy Belt, the historic 7th Regiment of the New York State Militia, Gilt Bronze, Choice Extremely Fine to Near Mint. This is an original, antique

Collection of antique 7th Regiment New York Pins and Badges. The gilt bronze pin seen in the second picture was made by Tiffany & Co. and I believe it was given to a member of the 7th Regiment Rifle team which he participated in from 1933 through 1939. The name on the back of the pin is “C.H.Sample”. This nine piece, sectional pin, measures 2” wide by 5.5” long and is marked “Tiffany & Co.” on the back. Also included in this Tiffany & Co. 7th Regiment lot is a truly wonderful, 25” long impressive and decorative, Custom Silk Trophy Belt Ribbon with a gorgeous Gilt Bronze and Colored Enamel Buckle at middle. The right side of the buckle has what appears to be a British Royal “Coat of Arms” while the other side has an beautiful American Heraldic Eagle design pained with red, white and blue. This wonderful Trophy Belt was likely given to a member of the 7th Regiment, New York Rifle Team for winning a match against a British team, sometime in the late 19th or early 20th century. This Belt measures 3” wide by 25” long, with some of the silk beginning to fray, while being in overall nice condition, the buckle itself, which has no makers mark, is in extremely choice condition! The Seventh Regiment Armory, located at 643 Park Avenue also known as Park Avenue Armory in New York, New York, United States, is an historic brick building that fills an entire city block on New York’s Upper East Side. A unique, and quite impressive collection, being the first we have seen of its design.

284 1836-Dated, Hand-colored Lithograph, “WAT-CHE-MONNE, AN IOWAY CHIEF,” John T. Bowen, Published by F.W. Greenough, Philadelphia, PA., Framed, Choice Extremely Fine. This historic Hand-colored Lithograph measures 16” x 10.5” and is professionally matted and framed to an overall size 20.5” x 15”. This handsome portrait of the Native American Indian Chief is shown proudly wearing his large size Silver Indian Peace Medal around his neck on a blue silk ribbon. This image appears choice mint having a small light 1.75” x 1” spot in upper left corner in the outer field, not near the image of the Chief. This original 1836 dated image is both perfect and ready for display for any Native American and/or Indian Peace Medal collector.......... (800-1,000)

Largest Size Abraham Lincoln Indian Peace Medal Listed As Number 57 “100 Greatest American Tokens & Medals”

(2 items)......................................................................... (600-900)

Indian Peace Medals Madison Indian Peace Medal In Bronze Signed By Reich

283 1809 James Madison Indian Peace Medal. Largest Size. Struck in Bronze. Signed by Engraver John Reich. Fine. Julian IP-5b. Belden-20. 76 mm. This Largest Size Indian Peace Medal was struck in bronze at the United States Mint in Philadelphia, sometime after 1846 (when a new reverse die replaced the old broken one). The obverse die was signed by the engraver, John Reich, with a simple “R.” on the rim at the base of the obverse, in this case being barely visible. To our knowledge, this is the only die signed by Reich. This medal is the largest of three bronze sizes produced.

The reverse of this piece differs from that on the previously issued Jefferson medal in that the Indian’s arm appears plain. On the Jefferson medal, the Indian’s arm was cuffed with a Federal eagle. This was later deemed to be inappropriate, and so the die design was slightly changed. This medal was improperly stored, the surfaces have deep, reddish-brown colors with some scaling, spotting and mottled colors from improper previous storage, and cleaning having now naturally mostly retoned. This medal is indeed in collectable condition, and as such is a great value for the budget minded looking for an affordable specimen.................. (450-575) Page 80

285 1862-Dated. Abraham Lincoln Indian Peace Medal. Struck at the United States Mint in Bronze. Engraved by Salathiel Ellis (Obv.) and Joseph Willison (Rev.). Largest Size. Choice Mint State. Julian IP-38. 76 mm. This historic design of the Abraham Lincoln Indian Peace Medal is listed as Number 57 In the popular reference book entitled, “100 Greatest American Tokens & Medals” and also as Number 27 in F.P. Prucha’s reference, “Indian Peace Medals in American History” (1971). It was struck at the United States Mint using the Original dies, and struck in its largest size. The obverse engraved by S(alathiel). Ellis, with his name and the word “Patented” located below Lincoln’s shoulder. This impressive Lincoln medal has a perfect and natural, even chestnut-mahogany color upon its hard, glossy surfaces. The very peak of the highpoint of Lincoln’s hair shows just a touch of cabinet friction, the rims are struck high and sharp.

The reverse is truly beautiful, the design being taken from the die for the reverse of the James Buchanan medals. It shows an American Indian brave scalping another, the head of an Indian woman at the bottom, a quiver of arrows and a bow and a peace pipe, an Indian in feathered headdress plowing a field. This important American medal also includes the First Depiction of a Baseball Game being played in metallic form. On the center of the reverse is a design showing children playing Baseball. Other imagery includes; ships in the harbor, a church, and a homestead. All of these wonderful features make it a most desirable, authentic Abraham Lincoln Indian Peace medal from the United States Mint.... (1,800-2,200)

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United States Coinage

Pretty 1806 Draped Bust Half Cent

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Popular 1795 Liberty Cap Large Cent

286 1806 Draped Bust Half Cent. Small 6. Stemless Wreath Variety. Mint State-60. An impressive and satiny coin that has smooth rich brown color and hard surfaces............................. (800-1,000)

291 1795 Liberty Cap Large Cent. Plain Edge. S-76b. Extremely Fine-40. 170.1 grns. This evenly chocolate coin has mostly smooth and glossy surfaces with just a bit of scattered micro-porosity on the reverse that is not unattractive........................... (1,500-2,000)

Pleasing 1798 Draped Bust Large Cent ANACS EF-40

287 1809 Classic Head Half Cent. Mint State-60. Some faint cabinet friction on the face of the even brown coin. There are several hairlines in the left obverse field, having underlying traces of scattered mint red........................................................... (400-500)

292 1798 Draped Bust Large Cent. ANACS graded Extremely Fine-40 This well struck, very clean and smooth chocolate-brown coin has a pleasing appearance with some scattered faint contact ticks that are located primarily on the obverse........ (1,500-1,800)

Nicely Detailed 1802 Draped Bust Large Cent

288 1857 Braided Hair Half Cent. Choice Mint State. Attractive, tan and brown surfaces with considerable gloss on both sides. This was the last year of both the type and the entire denomination — the mintage is a mere 35,180 coins!......................... (275-350)

1793 Flowing Hair Large Cent “Wreath” Type Reverse

289 1793 Flowing Hair Large Cent. “Wreath Vines and Bars” Reverse. S-11a. Corrosion. NGC graded “Very Fine Details”. This rich, medium brown coin has a decent appearance with a bold 1793 date present, which is not nearly a detrimental as the ANACS holder suggests. The reverse has more roughness and less clarity of details, Corrosion is accurate. A decent value for collectable filler of this important date and type........................ (2,250-2,750)

1793 Flowing Hair Large Cent “Wreath” Type Reverse 290 1793 Flowing Hair Large Cent. “Wreath Vines and Bars” Reverse. Sheldon-6. Corrosion. NGC graded “Fine Details”. Rarity-3. This rich, medium brown coin has a decent detail........ ................................................................................. (1,500-2,000)

293 1802 Draped Bust Large Cent. Stemless Wreath Type. Extremely Fine-40. This light to medium chestnut coin has a very clean overall appearance and excellent details...... (600-800)

294 1835 Coronet Head Large Cent. Head of 1836. Newcomb 7. About Uncirculated-58. Rarity 2 (Common). Glossy natural brown and lustrous. The outline of Liberty’s face shows a great double profile................................................................. (200-300)

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1885 “Key” Date Liberty Head Nickel ANACS AG-3

Attractive 1795 Flowing Hair Half Dollar

295 1885 Liberty Head Nickel. ANACS graded About Good-3. The date is nice and clear for this affordable “filler” grade. (300-350)

Important 1796 Dated Bust Dime “Likerty” Major Type

296 1796 Bust Dime. “Likerty” LM-1. Environmental Damage. NGC graded “Very Fine Details.” This coin is nice and sharp in detail with silver-gray tones highlighting the devices, having nice eye appeal. A very decen, affordable specimen of this scarce very early major type............................................... (2,400-2,800)

300 1795 Flowing Hair Half Dollar. Extremely Fine. This historic coin has silver-grey color and very nice contrast of the sharp details. One small nick in the upper right field and some faint hairlines from circulation on the obverse. Having some very faint, hard to see hairline scratches on the reverse. An important, valuable and very collectable coin................................................ (3,500-4,000)

Scarce 1800 Draped Bust Dime NGC “EF Details”

297 1800 Draped Bust Dime. Eagle and Shield Reverse. Improperly Cleaned, Repaired. NGC graded “Extremely Fine Details.” This is a very attractive coin due to its excellent sharp details. It has smooth, bright silvery lightly cleaned surfaces, with an excellent strike and eye appeal for its grade............................ (2,000-2,500)

301 1807 Draped Bust Half Dollar. Heraldic Eagle Reverse. Very Fine. Only 301,076 coins were issued, of which this is a pleasing example having a very clean and even natural appearance. The surfaces and mark free with just a couple of tiny chatter nicks in front of the “1” in the date and hidden within the reverse shield. The medium gray fields are very smooth and the outer stars, date and legends are sharp in detail. The rims are sharpe and completely free any of nicks or bumps. A very clean, collectable example of this early Draped Bust Half Dollar type........................ (400-500)

Superb Tone 1885 Seated Liberty Quarter ANACS MS-64

298 1885 Seated Liberty Quarter Dollar. Superbly Toned. ANACS graded Mint State-64. Scarce date with only 13,600 minted! The surfaces are brilliant and fully original having magnificent toning to both sides. The obverse Blue-green and gold and the reverse mostly dazzling golden with russet and blues at the peripheries. The surfaces are satiny and blazing on this conservatively graded beauty....................................................................... (1,200-1,500)

Important “Key” Date 1916 Standing Liberty Quarter 299 1916 Standing Liberty Quarter Dollar. Extremely Fine-40. This important “Key” Date 1916 Standing Liberty Quarter has excellent choice eye appeal. There is light, even honest wear from circulation with only one hard to see tiny tick on the obverse to the left of the knee. This coin is well struck with a pleasing white appearance with traces of underlying luster in places. Some faint natural golden tone adds to its appeal. A truly important American rarity, having a total mintage of only 52,000........... (7,000-8,000)

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302 1830 Capped Bust Half Dollar. SEGS graded About Uncirculated-53. This coin has nearly full white cartwheel luster with no toning, and only minor abrasions in the fields. Likely lightly cleaned................................................................ (275-350)

1796 Draped Bust Silver Dollar NGC Cleaned “EF Details”

303 1854-O Liberty Seated Half Dollar With Arrows. PCGS graded About Uncirculated-55. Lightly toned with lilac and golden pastels with steel-gray about most of the legends on the reverse. Nicely struck, with full radial lines in the stars and with full feather details on the reverse. The Arrows were added to the date to alert the public that the weights of the coins had changed, appearing only 1853-1855.............................................................. (275-350)

Pleasing 1795 Flowing Hair Silver Dollar

306 1796 Draped Bust Silver Dollar. Small Date. Large Letters. BB-61. Bolen-4. Improperly Cleaned. NGC graded “Extremely Fine Details.” This early 1796 date dollar has a very attractive obverse for the grade, with natural light to medium silver tone and some golden-russet highlighting the legends and devices............. ................................................................................. (3,500-4,000)

Attractive 1796 Draped Bust Silver Dollar

304 1795 Flowing Hair Silver Dollar. Three Leaves. BB-26. Extremely Fine. Rarity-6. This early date, major type coin has smooth surfaces that are an even rich natural silver-grey. There a some faint adjustment marks and the rims are virtually free of nicks, with nice eye appeal...................................... (4,500-5,500)

Attractive 1795 Draped Bust Silver Dollar

307 1796 Draped Bust Silver Dollar. Large Date. Small Letters. Bolen-5. Very Fine. This early 1796 date Draped Bust Dollar has a very attractive obverse for the grade, with natural light to medium silver tone and natural golden-russet and blue at the upper obverse rim, highlighting those legends. One tiny extra metal cud on the reverse I near the rim. Simply a nice, clean collectable type coin for the grade..................................................... (3,000-3,500)

1798 Draped Bust Dollar ANACS Graded Fine-12

305 1795 Draped Bust Silver Dollar. Small Eagle Reverse. Extremely Fine. This nice looking 1795 Draped Bust Dollar has nice silver-gray color with a bit of faint gold toning with some bit deeper tones near the peripheries. There are light hairlines on the surfaces, perhaps lightly cleaned long ago and has a very trivial contact tick to the upper obverse rim at 1:00 and one tiny tick on the back jaw and a few faint adjustment marks on this attractive, well struck dollar. ................................................................................. (4,000-5,000)

308 1798 Draped Bust Silver Dollar. Thiteen Stars Obverse. Heraldic Large Eagle Reverse. BB-124. Bolen-24. ANACS graded Fine12. This popular major Draped Bust Silver Dollar type has even natural silver-grey color and a nice overall appearance. Only a couple of surface nicks are present and this is an attractive coin for the grade. A nice, respectable collector coin..... (1,500-2,000)

Pleasing 1799 Draped Bust Silver Dollar 309 1799 Draped Bust Silver Dollar. PCGS graded Genuine. About Extremely Fine. This pleasing 1799 Dollar has very smooth surfaces that are virtually mark-free with light, even wear and just one hidden contact mark behind the hair ribbon. There are no rim bumps or bruises, as they remain sharp and well detailed. Nice light silver-grey in color with some faint golden overtones and slightly deeper tone at the edge below the Heraldic American Eagle........................................................................ (2,000-2,500)

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Choice Circulated 1799 Draped Bust Silver Dollar

310 1799 Draped Bust Silver Dollar. Bolen-10. Extremely Fine. This is a very attractive Dollar of this popular 1799 date. It has smooth surfaces with light, even wear being virtually mark free. There are no rim bumps, as they remain sharp. Medium silver-grey in color..................................................................... (2,750-3,250)

311 1846 Seated Liberty Silver Dollar. Extremely Fine. A pleasing, well struck example which is fully white, likely having been cleaned a long time ago now having natural golden-russet tones about the peripheries...................................................................... (450-550)

Rare “Key” Collector Date 1889-CC Morgan Silver Dollar

314 1889-CC Morgan Silver Dollar. Good-4. This evenly circulated “Key” date coin has no major detractions...................... (400-500)

Rare “Key” Date 1889-CC Morgan Silver Dollar

315 1889-CC Morgan Silver Dollar. Extremely Fine. This evenly circulated “Key” collector date coin has no major detractions, just one tiny contact mark under the M in the right obverse field and no rim bumps........................................................... (1,400-1,800)

Popular “Key” Date 1894 Morgan Silver Dollar

312 1872 Seated Liberty Silver Dollar. Extremely Fine. This coin is completely white with a soft frosty appearance, the devices being well struck and sharp. One short, shallow scrape seen under the Liberty Cap. The reverse is particularly bright with a semi-prooflike appearance..................................................................... (400-500)

313 1877-S Trade Dollar. Chopmarked. NGC graded “Uncirculated Details”. Brilliant white and flashy with some scattered hairlines on the obverse. The reverse is semi-PL........................ (350-450)

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316 1894 Morgan Silver Dollar. About Uncirculated-50. Rare “Key” collector date. Lightly cleaned long ago, now having natural goldenrusset light toning about the devices and peripheries, highlighted by underlying luster................................................. (1,200-1,500)

317 1934-S Peace Dollar. NGC graded About Uncirculated-50. ... ...................................................................................... (350-375)

Flashy Mint State 1859-D Indian Princess One Dollar Gold

Popular 1878 “Indian Princess” Three Dollars Gold

318 1859-D Indian Princess $1 Gold. Mint State. This satiny smooth coin has rich natural color and a very pleasing appearance, with one tiny obverse rim tick at 9:00. A very pretty Indian Princess One Dollar Gold coin............................................... (2,550-3,250)

1836 Classic Head $2.50 Gold Script “8” NGC AU-58

324 1878 Indian Princess Head $3 Gold. PCI graded Mint State-64. A sharp, pleasing coin that was very lightly cleaned long ago, thus I would net grade it to MS-63. It has a very smooth satiny overall appearance and is very pleasing to the eye.............. (3,000-3,500)

1806 Gold Five Dollars Half Eagle “Round Top 6” Type

319 1836 Classic Head $2.50 Gold Quarter Eagle. Script “8”. NGC graded About Uncirculated-58. Well struck and having a lot of rich color with underlying luster.............................. (1,800-2,000)

Affordable 1851-C Liberty Head $2.50 Gold Quarter Eagle

325 1806 Capped Bust Right $5.00 Gold Half Eagle. Heraldic Eagle Reverse. “Round Top 6” with “7 x 6 Stars”. Extremely Fine. Rarity-2. This scarce early 1806 date is well struck with nice details and even wear. It appears to have been lightly cleaned long ago now naturally retoning, and having no detracting marks or bruises.................................................................. (4,500-5,500)

Flashy 1837 Classic Head $5 Gold Half Eagle

320 1851-C Liberty Head $2.50 Gold Quarter Eagle. Rim Filing. NGC graded “About Uncirculated Details”. Lovely, rich original golden mint bloom with minor rim filing at 10:00 on the obverse..................................................................... (1,500-2,000)

321 1874 Liberty Head $2.50 Gold Quarter Eagle. Extremely Fine. This scarce 1874 date had a low mintage of only 3,920................ ....................................................................................... (300-400)

326 1837 Classic Head $5 Gold Half Eagle. Large Date. Large 5. About Uncirculated-55. Frosty and having lots of eye appeal with just some tiny chatter in front of the mouth..... (1,500-2,000)

1904-S Liberty Head Half Eagle NGC Mint State-63

Popular 1854-O Indian Princess Head Three Dollars Gold

322 1854-O Indian Princess Head $3 Gold. Extremely Fine. Scarce having only 24,000 mintage at the New Orleans mint.................. ................................................................................. (1,500-2,000)

Scarce 1855 Indian Princess Head Three Dollars Gold 323 1855 Indian Princess Head $3.00 Gold Piece. Choice Extremely Fine. This coin has a pleasing appearance.............. (1,400-1,800)

327 1904-S Liberty Head $5 Gold Half Eagle. NGC graded Mint State-63. A wonderful, dazzling coin with near prooflike frosty lustrous fields on the obverse and reverse, with that better date... ................................................................................. (2,600-2,800)

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1912 Indian Head $5 Gold Half Eagle ANACS MS-64

Commemorative Half Dollar 1936 Cincinnati Commemorative Half Dollar “P-D-S” Set

328 1912 Indian Head $5 Gold Half Eagle. ANACS graded Mint State-64. ................................................................ (1,800-2,000)

1913 Indian Head Gold Half Eagle ANACS MS-63

332 1936, 1936-D, 1936-S Cincinnati Commemorative Half Dollar Set. ANACS graded Mint State-64. This satiny white coin has some natural faint golden toning with scattered deeper areas on this matched PDS set. (3 coin set)................................. (850-950)

Commemorative Gold 329 1913 Indian Head $5 Gold Half Eagle. ANACS graded Mint State-63. ................................................................ (1,000-1,200)

1904 Louisiana Purchase Expo $1/2 Gold NGC MS-64

Scarce 1799 Gold Eagle with “Small Stars” 37,449 Minted

333 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition Gold 1/2 Dollar. NGC graded Token Mint State-64. A flashy, deep prooflike and rich golden coin with light cameo to its highpoints.............. (275-350)

Hawaii Coinage

Very Pretty Choice Mint State 1883 Hawaii Quarter

330 1799 Capped Bust Right $10 Gold Eagle. Small Stars. Irregular Date. Breen 6840. BD-8. About Uncirculated-50. Rarity-5. This flashy, lustrous coin has a bold appearance, lightly cleaned at some point in its past, having some faint hairline scratches that are hard to detect. A popular, rare $10 Gold Eagle............ (9,000-10,000)

California Gold 1872 California Gold Indian Dollar BG-1120 PCGS MS-62

334 1883 Hawaii Quarter Dollar. Choice Mint State. Nice light cartwheel golden-russet toning adds eye appeal to this satiny near Gem coin........................................................................ (400-500)

1995 Lincoln Cent Mint Error Struck on a Foreign Planchet

331 1872 California Gold Indian Head Round One Dollar. BG-1120. PCGS graded Mint State-62. Rarity-5. A flashy golden example with frosty semi-prooflike fields and slightly deeper cameo to the highpoints................................................................. (1,200-1,400)

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335 1995 Lincoln Cent. Struck on a Foreign Planchet. NGC graded Mint Error Mint State-62 Red. A frosty reddish, really cool Mint Error!.............................................................................. (250-350)

Ancient Coins

Silver Tetradrachm of Antiochus VII

Scarce Greece, Sicily Silver Tetradrachm

336 (490-485 B.C.) Greece. Sicily. Silver Tetradrachm. S-737. Very Fine. Obv: Slow quadriga driven by male charioteer, Nike flying above crowning horses. Rev: Diademed head of Artemis- Arethusa of Archaic style with four dolphins around. This pleasing, silver coin has lots of satiny luster within the recessed devices.............. ................................................................................. (1,000-1,200)

340 (138-129 B.C.) Greece. Seleucid Kingdom. Antiochus VII. Silver Tetradrachm. Choice Extremely Fine. SMA-282. 16.63 gms. Obv: Diademed head of Antiochus VII. Rev: Athena standing left holding Nike and resting hand on cylindrical shield. This impressive, extremely clean and satiny smooth coin has excellent eye appeal and traces of faint golden-russet overtones on the satiny surfaces.......................................................................... (400-500)

Choice Mint State Rome Severus Alexander Silver Denarius

Scarce Greek Messana Silver Tetradrachm

337 (461-396 B.C.) Greek. Sicily. Messana. Silver Tetradrachm. ICG graded Very Fine-30. Obv: Mule Biga right. Rev: Hare right. Medium silver-gray in color, well centered with some weakness at the outer edge and overall even wear................... (1,000-1,200)

341 (222-235 A.D.) Rome. Severus Alexander. Silver Denarius. Choice Mint State. Obv: Bust of Severus Alexander. Rev: Italia standing. Bright, sharp and lustrous.............................. (300-400)

Gold Dinar of Kushan

Pleasing Silver “Owl� Tetradrachm of Athens, Greece

338 (393-339 B.C.) Greece. Athens. Thick Planchet. Silver Tetradrachm. Extremely Fine. Obv: Helmeted Bust of Athena. Rev: Classic Owl standing right with olive sprig and crescent moon. A frosty looking, clean and sharp example of this very popular silver ancient coin type.................................................. (650-750)

342 (310-345 A.D.) Kushan. Sava-Shaka. Gold Dinar. Extremely Fine. 7.6 grams. Obv: King standing with trident and banner. Rev: Goddess Ardoksho seated. Lovely, natural rich golden color...... ....................................................................................... (400-500)

World Coinage

Greek Thrace Lysimachus Silver Tetradrachm

1652 Salzburg, Austria Box Taler

339 (323-281 BC). Greece. Thrace. Lysimachus. Silver Tetradrachm. Extremely Fine. 16.97 grams. Muller 409. Obv: Diademed head of deified Alexander the Great right with horn of Ammon. Rev: Athena enthroned left, holding Nike, with elbow on shield. Very even natural color........................................................... (600-800)

343 Austria 1652 Box Taler. Salzburg. Very Fine. Slight bend in one side, having even wear and quite clean. One could place a 1652 Pine Tree Shilling inside!..................................... (225-275)

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Silver “Petrus” Armchair Ashtray with Linked Coins

Collection of Ten Pleasing Spanish Milled Pillar Dollars ( View All Ten Coins on Our Website: www.EarlyAmerican.com )

344 Lot of Ten. Spanish Milled Pillar Dollars. Mexico & Lima Mints. Very Fine to About Uncirculated, Average of Extremely Fine. This collection is comprised of both natural and some coins having been cleaned, a few lightly polished. None of these sharp looking coins are the so called Sea Salvage type. All are very clean in appearance, very well detailed and pleasing as such. The 1770 toned example looks virtually Mint State and is quite beautiful. A very useful dealer or collector lot and sold “as is” as a collection. They include; Mexico Mint: 1739, (2) 1741, 1742, 1747, 1753, 1770-toned, 1771 plus; LIMA Mint: 1753 and 1757. This is a very useful, valuable group of attractive, well detailed early Pillar Dollars. (10 coins)................................................... (2,500-3,000)

345 Armchair Ashtray with Embedded and Linked Silver Coins, Choice Extremely Fine. This silver ashtray is 3.5” in diameter, with stamped floral designs and a large, embedded 2000 Reis “Petrus” silver coin (1889) at its center. Linked to each side of the tray are a total of eight silver coins: 2000 Reis Petrus (1889), “1000 Reis” coin (1889), and two smaller denomination Petrus coins (500 and 200 Reis, 1859). The cigarette holder on the rim of the curved ashtray is a bent 200 Reis Petrus, and the silver and gray patina on all surfaces is quite nice. A very interesting memento for the coin collector!..................................................... (400-500)

1850 Appointment of the Master of the British Royal Mint Vellum Document with Enormous Wax Seal

346 1850, Appointment to the Office of Director of the Tower Mint in London, of Sir John Frederick William Hershel, Choice Extremely Fine. This is a truly magnificent, Ornate Partially-Printed with central Manuscript text Vellum Document with its original, massive Official wax Seal of Queen Victoria completely intact. It is the official Appointment of Sir John Herschel as Master of the Tower Mint (Royal Mint) in London.

Sir John Frederick William Herschel (1792-1871) was an English Astronomer, Chemist, Writer, and one of the early developers of the new field of Photography. The only son of the famous astronomer Sir William Herschel (1738-1822), John Herschel begame a prominent figure in 19thcentury British science, making significant contributions to mathematics. For a time he worked as an astronomer with his father, and later moved to South Africa for 4 years to map the southern skies. His work in chemistry led him to photography, where he developed the concept of positive and negative images, and was the first to photograph the spectra. He received a number of medals and other honors, and was appointed Master of the Royal Mint (London) in December 1850. He resigned that post in February 1855.

This wonderful document, measuring 21” x 30” has ornately decorated black printed border designs on three sides with docketing and signatures of four government officials being hand written at the bottom. The actual appointment statement is handwritten in old script, with the name of the appointee and some other entries in an 1800’s cursive script. There is a 2” x 1.5” period blue £100 British tax stamp in the upper left corner.

The beautiful wax seal, measuring 6.25” in diameter and 1” thick, is attached to the document by blue and gold cords. The obverse side of this tan color wax seal depicts Queen Victoria, with crown, orb and scepter, seated on her throne, flanked by 2 female attendants. A coat of arms appears below, and the whole is surrounded by a wreath. The reverse of the seal shows the Queen seated side-saddled on a powerful horse. This seal is housed for protection in its original circular black tin case, with a light blue protective padding at top and bottom. This impressive wax seal is in excellent condition, aside from some trivial chips on the outer edges. The vellum document attached to this seal is in excellent condition having expected folds to fit within the custom golden beach wood case in which it is housed. This is an absolutely beautiful, extremely impressive and historic official Appointment by the Queen of the Master of the British Royal Mint in 1850...............................................................(5,000-6,000) Page 88

Popular “Tammany Hall” Mechanical Bank “Patd. 1873”

“Ephraim Brasher” Made Colonial Era Silver Serving Spoon

347 c. 1780, COLONIAL ERA LARGE SILVER SPOON, Produced by Ephraim Brasher, NY, Choice Near Mint. This is a very large and impressive 9” long, original coin Silver Serving Spoon, with fancy engraved initials on the handle end. There are two very sharp and distinct “EB” hallmarks stamped on the bottom side of the handle. Overall a most beautiful example. Brasher is listed in “The Book of Old Silver” by Seymour Wyler, as producing silverware out of New York, from 1766 onward. He was a prominent New York City gold and silversmith. In 1787 Brasher appears to have joined with the New York silversmith and noted swordmaker, John Bailey in requesting a franchise to produce copper coins for the State of New York. The legislative record for February 12, 1787 stated, “the several petitions” of Brasher and Bailey were filed with the state. Because of the ambiguous wording it is not known if the petitions were joint ventures or simply individual petitions that just happened to have been submitted on the same day. Their petitions, along with the petition of their competitors, were denied a few months later when the state decided to refrain from the minting of coppers (see the Machin’s Patterns section for additional details). Soon after the unfavorable judgment Ephraim Brasher turned his attention from coppers back to designing and minting a few pattern gold doubloons. Apparently he had been working on a Lima style gold piece the preceding year................. ................................................................................. (1,800-2,400)

348 c. 1873-5, Tammany Mechanical Coin Bank, with “TAMMANY BANK” designed on both sides, Fine. Stamped with “PATd DEC 23, 1873” on the back and “TAMMANY BANK” on both sides, about 5.75” x 3.5”. Needs some repair to the bobbing head, and rotating right arm and hand that deposits coin into slot above left pocket. Most, about 70%, of the original black, gold, yellow and brown colors of paint are still present, but is worn on knees, legs, hands, face and feet with some overall discoloration due to age. Replacement screw in the original bottom sliding cover. Dressed-up figure of “Boss Tweed,” wearing a bow tie, vest and jacket, and seated on a wicker style chair, ready to drop a coin into his vest pocket. Tammany refers to the political machine in New York City during the 1800s, famous for an unusually high degree of corruption, as illustrated by this scarce bank............. (400-500)

“The Silver Coinage of Massachusetts” by Sydney P. Noe

349 “The Silver Coinage of Massachusetts” by Sydney P. Noe., Reprinted in 1973 by Quarterman Publications, Original Dust Jacket, Choice Extremely Fine. Copyright 1943 and 1947, reprinted in 1973 by Quarterman Publications of Lawrence, MA., 246 pages, 9.25” x 6.25”. Original dust jacket with a few edge tears and library tape thin traces, while the interior is near Mint. This is truly a “must-have” reference book for the serious collector of Massachusetts Silver. It has been the standard reference for the series since it first appeared in 1943. This quality reprint has been out of print and unavailable for decades. It includes fabulous plates, additional sections on the “Secret of the Good Samaritan Shilling” and an outdated yet fun to review Price Guide that now leaves us drooling for those “good old days”. Very scarce and in collector demand............................................................ (225-275)

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April 30, 2011

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Lot 97: 1848-Dated Hand-colored Broadside Map “ORNAMENTAL MAP OF THE UNITED STATES & MEXICO”

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April 30, 2011 - Auction Catalog