Sustainable Solutions 2012
Sustainable Solutions 2012 Magazin
Sustainable 2012 Sustainable Sweden in action 3 Jan Eliasson 3 Lena Ek 3 Gunilla Carlsson 3 Sustainable Urban Planning 3 What Sweden does 28 68 The report ”A Future Worth Choosing” has produced 56 recommen dations on how sustai nable development can be achieved. Sweden’s Minister for Internatio nal Development Coope ration, lists the most important items. When constructing new residential areas, the builders can plan for sustainable environme nts from the beginning. Hammarby Sjöstad and Norra Djurgårdsstaden in Stockholm are two examples of developing urban neighbourhoods. 36 80 Sweden’s Environme nt Minister, Lena Ek sees herself as a coach who creates environ mental benefits. Her basic approach is that it should be easiest, cheapest and most fun to be environmentally friendly. In Linköping, young people can attend a cutting-edge upper- secondary educational programme. Folkunga School’s sustainable development program me is Sweden’s most up-to-date social science education. 44 86 A new chapter of the groundbreaking, out door exhibition, Hard Rain will tour through Sweden during 2012. The Swedish Inter national Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) has funded a two-year tour. Her goal was to work at a publicly traded, international company doing what is personally important to her. As Sus tainability Manager at technology consulting firm ÅF, Alice Bah Kuhnke has finally found the perfect job. 6. United Nations leads the way to a sustainable world. 14. Rio+20 is all about our children’s future. 18. Enjoy Developing Sweden. 24. Focus on the Green Economy in Rio de Janeiro. 34. Conference on sustainable living and inno vative solutions. 46. A nature-based high-tech society. 48. From Stockholm to Rio. 50. Vatten rike biosphere reserve. 52. Seeing the wood for the trees. 54. Capturing the sun. 56. A connected world. 57. An eco-smart society for all. 64. Managing waste a step towards renewal. 74. The goal is clear. 76. Airlines look for a new landing strip. 84. Kindergarten in China inspired by Swedish model. 92. Sweden in action. Editorial production: Dynamo Press AB Translation: Accent Språkservice Print: Tryckmäklaren i Norr AB 2 Sustainable Solutions Whole Earth? A 8 From 1 July, Social Democrat poli tician and former Swedish Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jan Eliasson, will become the UN’s Deputy SecretaryGeneral. Eliasson will thereby take on the most senior UN post assigned to a Swede since Dag Hammarskjöld served as Secretary-General. ligning human systems and natural systems is the theme for this magazine and for an exhibition and seminar tour throughout Sweden and world wide supported by Sida Partnership Forum. It is about Sweden in action and reinventing the modern world. It is about sustainable innovations, sustainable produc tions and sustainable lifestyle. And it is about bringing partners from private, public and civil sectors together with researchers to explore solutions and deliver green growth and human rights. There is no single “solution”, but there are thousands of solutions: small individual acts; big government poli cy changes; radically new forms of global governance and co-operation; new and renewable energy systems; cap-and-trade systems to establish a high price for car bon; new technology standards; new technology. We’ll need them all. The new WHOLE EARTH? exhibition points to the tasks ahead. A few key points: Build or rebuild cities to make them super-efficient for the 6–7 billion people who will live in them by 2050. Produce twice as much food as today without using any more land or water; doing it in ways that bring dig nity to the billions who will still be living on farms and in rural villages. Use water efficiently (or by 2050, some 4.5 billion could be living in countries chronically short of water). Preserve the ecosystems that make life on earth pos sible. Changes in attitudes are needed to drive these and other changes toward a new world of human activity and living everywhere. All countries are “developing countries” now, needing to develop new, lower-carbon ways of heating, air-conditioning, moving around, manufacturing, farming and prospering. So too today, all our problems, all our solutions, are connected. And it gets personal. It is time to know what you are going to do now. Now read on … Lloyd Timberlake and Mark Edwards, Hard Rain Project Dag Jonzon, Sida Partnership Forum Sustainable Solutions 3 4 Sustainable Solutions Vote for climate neutrality! We Swedes are a peace-loving bunch, but get aggressive about the environment. We like neutral â€“ and we like climateneutral mass transit systems. This includes airports. We plan zero carbon emissions by 2020. Thatâ€™s what Swedavia means by aggressive! Check in at www.swedavia.com Sustainable Solutions Swedavia is a state-owned group that owns, operates and develops 11 airports across Sweden. 5 UN leads the way to a sustainable world Given that the world consists of just under 200 countries with wildly varying goals and interests, we need an organisation able to bring us together to achieve a sustainable world. The United Nations has taken on this task. Text: Mikael Söderlind I n 1981 American environ mental scientist and author Lester Brown introduced the concept of “sustainable de velopment”. The term gained international attention in 1987 with the publication of the UN report entitled “Our Common Future”, also known as the Brundtland Report. Since then, the United Nations has been the leading promoter of the concept and actively works to bring nations together to de velop strategies for creating a sustainable world. In the past 20 years, the UN has organised two major envi ronmental and sustainable de velopment conferences: the first in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992 and the second in Johan nesburg, South Africa in 2002. Both conferences brought to gether representatives from the majority of the world’s na tions and tens of thousands of 6 other stakeholders. They also resulted in several key docu ments that have since served as benchmarks for working with environmental and sus tainability issues around the world. This summer will see the third milestone in this series of major UN conferences – Rio+20. The UN will also organise a number of other conferences and summits to discuss global development issues. The re sults of the 2000 summit, ini tiated by former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, are parti cularly relevant today. At the time, member countries voted to adopt the Millennium De claration. This declaration includes se veral goals to be achieved by 2015. One of these goals focuses on sustainable development. It states that, by 2015, the e very country’s policies must integrate the principles of sustainable development and that the world must reverse the current decline in natural resources by this date. The goal also requires that the world’s countries address future clima te change by reducing their greenhouse gas emissions. The UN also hosts the Divi sion for Sustainable Develop ment (DSD), which focuses solely on sustainable development issues. Its mission inclu des integrating social, econo mic and environmental dimen sions into these efforts. The division works to achie ve this at international, natio nal and regional levels and to promote sustainable develop ment throughout society. Mor eover, the DSD strives to ensu re the ability to measure progress as these principles are implemented. Sustainable Solutions Sustainable Solutions 7 8 Sustainable Solutions The UN has a central role to play From 1 July, Social Democrat politician and former Swedish Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jan Eliasson, will become the UN’s Deputy SecretaryGeneral. Eliasson will thereby take on the most senior UN post assigned to a Swede since Dag Hammarskjöld served as Secretary-General. Text: Gunnar Andersson E liasson has already un dertaken a long list of imposing assignments on behalf of the United Na tions. These include being appointed by Ban Ki-moon as one of 15 ambassadors respon sible for lobbying to achieve the UN Millennium Goals. He is also the only Swede ever to have served as Chair of the UN General Assembly, and in 2006, he was appointed the UN Special Envoy to Darfur by Kofi Annan. Eliasson has also served as the UN’s Under-Se cretary-General for Humanita rian Affairs. He has earned a reputation as a thoughtful negotiator in difficult situations and he en joys great respect at the UN Sustainable Solutions and in many parts of the world for his ability to resolve con flicts and serve as a unifying force. ”I am honoured that the Se cretary-General has appointed me to this important position within the UN. I will do my best to defend the role of the UN in the world. In this time of upheaval and conflict, a strong United Nations is needed more than ever,” says Eliasson. The former Swedish politici an is already working with the UN Millennium Development Group, of which Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda, and José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Pri me Minister of Spain, share the chairmanship. Apart from Eliasson, the 15 other mem bers of the group include Nobel Laureates Muhammed Yunus as well as Jeffrey Sachs, Graça Machel and Ted Turner. Seventy-one-year-old Elias son will now become Secre tary-General Ban Ki-moon’s right-hand man and Deputy Secretary-General of the UN. He will assume the position from 1 July. ”I took some time to consider the offer before I responded, but I feel that you have to serve if you are called,” Eliasson reveals. Eliasson has known Ban Kimoon for many years. His as signment as Deputy SecretaryGeneral will include diplomatic missions, mediation, conflict resolution and addressing development issues. 9 ”I had preliminary discus sions with him [Eliasson]. Con sidering that he has such broad and extensive experience in cri sis management and mediation, it is always natural that he could use his diplomatic skills in addressing many important and serious political crisis issues. And he should also be involved in development is sues,” explains UN SecretaryGeneral Ban Ki-moon. The UN has a plan for the next five years that Eliasson be lieves to be very wise. ”It’s revolves around sustai nable development; conflict pre vention; dealing with countries in transition phases, such as Arab countries; peace and secu rity; and the situation of women and young people. These are very big issues, and they aren’t something that just the UN, but the entire international commu nity, should address. Nonethe less, we hope that the UN can be a catalyst in these areas. It’s an ambitious, but necessary agenda,” Eliasson concludes. Eliasson believes that the UN’s role in global efforts towards sustainable develop ment must be a central one. ”But the UN cannot drive this work forward on its own,” he says. ”In addressing this issue, all parts of society must take part and contribute. But the UN can certainly be normative.” For Eliasson, sustainable de velopment is one of the critical issues for the future. ”Sustaina bility is obviously very im portant because we live in a world that must conserve re sources for our children,” he says. ”The lifestyle we choose is therefore important, and clima te change must be a priority.” He is not yet certain just how he will promote sustainability 10 Facts: Jan Eliasson Born: 17 September 1940 in Gothenburg, Sweden. Family: Married with three adult children Education: Degree in Economics from the School of Business and Economics at Gothenburg University, 1965 Positions and assignments: 2012–Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations 2010–Member of the UN Millennium Goals Group 2006–2008–UN envoy in Darfur 2006–Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs 2005–Chair of the UN General Assembly 2000–2005–Swedish Ambassador in Washington 1994–2000–State Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs Sustainable Solutions 1992–1994–UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanita rian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator 1991–1992–Vice President of the UN Economic and Social Council 1988–1992–Permanent Representative of Sweden to the UN. President of the United Nations Trust Fund for South Africa 1983–1988–General Director for Political Affairs at the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs 1980–1986–Participated in the UN mediation team in the war between Iran and Iraq. Later, Eliasson also served as a mediator in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict for the OSCE. Sustainable Solutions 1980–1983–Director for Political Affairs in the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs 1977–1980–Deputy Director of the Press and Informa tion Department, Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs 1974–1977–First Secretary, Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs 1970–1971–First Secretary at the Swedish Embassy in Washington 1968–1970–Secretary at the Swedish Embassy in Washington 1967–1968–Secretary at the Swedish Embassy in Bonn 1967–1968–Attaché, Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs 11 at the UN and whether or not he will attend the Rio+20 conference. ”But my involvement will fo cus both on these critical, topi cal issues and on the longterm, silent disasters like poverty and climate issues.” As a member of the UN Mil lennium Development Group, Eliasson is already well up-todate on sustainability issues. ”The UN Secretary-General has given me special responsi bility for goal number 7, which is to ensure sustainable deve lopment.” The Swedish diplomat is ba sically an optimist who does not worry overly, but who be lieves that peace, climate chan ge and human rights are key is 12 sues that must be resolved. With his broad experience, expertise and long career, he hopes to contribute a great deal to the UN’s work. ”I have mediation expe rience, an extensive contact network and have been Chair of the UN General Assembly. I have also held the position of UN Mediator in Darfur, and have worked to achieve the UN’s Millennium Development Goals; eight quantifiable goals aimed at improving the lives of the world’s poor. I hope my ex perience will be of value to the Secretary-General and the UN.” Eliasson feels that Sweden can play a major role in global efforts to achieve sustainable development. ”Sweden has to be progressive and to help drive development forward. As for the development of new environmental technology, more people have to realise that this will be a real industry of the future, in which Sweden should take the lead. I believe that achieving this requires even closer coopera tion between research and in dustry.” He also believes that there is already broad and strong environmental awareness in Sweden, but that we all need to take greater responsibility and to realise that we have no other choice. ”I often say that we have a plan B, but we have no planet B.” Sustainable Solutions INNOVATION IN SUSTAINABILITY AND ITÂ´S FROM BRAZIL. www.marcomstore.com.br ECO CARBON BLACK HAS BECOME REALITY. Carbon black is an important raw material for world industry. It's used by chemical industries, rubber goods manufacturers and numerous other areas. Eco Carbon Black, exclusively from Senergen of Brazil, is an innovative product, produced from scrap tires - a significant environmental issue nowadays. When it comes to innovative technology focused on sustainability, Senergen is the benchmark. Transformation of waste into new raw materials Manufacturing process free of greenhouse gases Senergen's Environmental Solution is a real breakthrough. Waste transformation eliminates large volumes of pollutants, generates jobs, savings and added value to your business. Sustainability in every way: environmental, social, economic. Senergen Factory Unit in Lorena, Brazil Meet Senergen at Stockholm +40 +55 11 4195-4512 email@example.com www.senergen.com.br Rio+20 is all about our children’s future Alva Snis Sigtryggsson has been appointed to represent the National Council of Swedish Youth Organisations at the UN. She will participate in the Swedish government’s delegation to the Rio+20 Summit held later this year. 14 Sustainable Solutions Text: Gunnar Andersson E ach year the National Council of Swedish Youth Organisations (LSU) appoints young people to represent Sweden’s youth at various UN conferences. The idea is to increase oppor tunities for young people to become involved, influence and be empowered – even in international settings – th rough their youth organisa tions. This year’s representative to the UN summit on sustainable development, Rio+20, is Alva Snis Sigtryggsson. She is 18 years old, lives in Stockholm and works with the group Na ture and Youth Sweden (Fält biologerna). ”I will mainly be working on green economy issues in the lead-up to Rio+20. It’s an ex citing field that is constantly evolving at pace with the reali sation that we must promote other values than solely eco nomic ones. Young people will play an important role in this process both before, during and after the Rio summit,” says Snis Sigtryggsson. LSU is a coordinating body for youth organisations in Sweden. It develops young leaders and their organisa tions while also working to improve conditions for young people in Sweden and around the world. The LSU organisation is non-profit, non-partisan and without religious affiliations. It is both by and for youth or ganisations. LSU brings to gether 73 independent, demo cratically organised, national organisations that, combined, have more than half a million young members. Sustainable Solutions One of these is Alva Snis Sigtryggsson, who will repre sent LSU at Rio+20. She be lieves it is important to consi der young people’s perspective, given that older people may not bother to crea te a sustainable future for themselves. ”It is us – not they – who will live with the consequenc es of decisions made or bypas sed,” she explains. ”But I also believe that our particular ge neration is special. Our up bringing has largely been cha racterised by the worst aspects of an old system and it is only getting worse. Even so, we know more clearly now than ever before what has to be done and how we should do it. We are also young enough that the old system hasn’t influen ced our way of viewing the problems too deeply. This ma kes us radical and able to crea te the world we want.” Though Snis Sigtryggsson places great emphasis on the younger generation, she hasn’t lost faith in today’s adults. ”Young people are not yet the decision-makers and have limited sway over the de bate, while our opinions are viewed with scepticism. If we are going to have any ability to make decisions later when we are adults, long-term decisions have to be made today,” she adds. ”As I said earlier, I really be lieve that our generation has great potential to break with old norms and build a new world based on what we think is important – that both natu re and people thrive and that the economic system is shaped based on these conditions.” It is also important to re member that young people are by no means a homogeneous group. No one asks whether adults are able to contribute a unique perspective. The big gest problem is that the exten sive knowledge young people have is not leveraged by today’s decision-makers, which results in undeveloped discussions without nuances. This applies to all aspects of sustainable development. Snis Sigtryggsson believes that young people need to be included in every forum ima ginable so that they can be in volved in and influence sustai nable development efforts. ”Young people need to be in volved not just where they are welcomed, but on every front – whether it be working with politicians, businesses, private individuals, organisations or others in positions of power.” Channels young people can use to exert influence may in clude traditional and social media, campaigns and apply ing pressure. ”They can also arrange di rect meetings with individuals whose decisions can be influ enced – lunch with a company manager or a local politician, for example,” she explains. She also believes in the need for a common goal to connect as many parts of the youth movement as possible in order to bring the young generation together. ”We need collaboration from unexpected quarters, many different perspectives and greater breadth. That would make our demands hard to ignore,” Snis Sig tryggsson concludes. 15 40 years since the first UN summit The world only began to take environmental issues seriously in the early 1970s after the United Nationsâ€™ first environmental conference. Since then, the environment and, more recently, sustainable development in general have had their own agenda at the UN. Over the years, three major global conferences have taken place. In addition, annual Conferences of the Parties (COPs) are held to discuss the progress made to date in addressing climate issues. Text: Mikael SĂśderlind 16 Sustainable Solutions Stockholm 1972 In 1972 global environmental is sues finally gained the world’s at tention. In this year the UN organi sed its first ever environmental conference, the UN Conference on Human Environment, in Stock holm. Actually, the conference yielded few concrete results but it has strong symbolic significance since it marked the beginning of environmental efforts at the inter national level. One of the conference’s key suc cesses was the formation of the United Nations Environment Pro gramme (UNEP), an organisation that coordinates the UN’s environ mental activities. The conference also resulted in the Stockholm De claration of 26 principles, 21 of which form the basis for interna tional environmental law. Rio de Janeiro 1992 Twenty years after the historic Stockholm Conference, the UN Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janei ro also had a significant impact on environmental thinking. This sum mit adopted the principle that all development must be sustainable, which means that economic, social and environmental factors must be considered when making deci sions. The also summit adopted the well-known Agenda 21 (an action plan for the twenty-first century) and four additional documents: the Rio Declaration, the Forest Prin ciples, the Convention on Biologi cal Diversity and the United Na tions Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Johannesburg 2002 The 2002 Earth Summit in Johan nesburg is widely viewed as the third milestone in the process of achieving sustainable develop ment. The summit attracted Sustainable Solutions 20,000 participants from 189 member countries and from inter national and non-governmental or ganisations. It resulted in a politi cal declaration and an implementation plan for sustaina ble development. The summit once again stressed that all development must be sustainable and that eco nomic, social and environmental aspects must be integrated. Annual negotiations on the Kyoto Protocol Since 1995 countries that adop ted the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) have met annually to discuss the management of climate issues. Sin ce 1997 negotiations related to the Kyoto Protocol have also been held in meetings known as Conferences of Parties (COPs). In 2006 the COPs were combined with the Meetings of the Parties (MOPS). These meetings are held primarily for signatories to the Kyoto Proto col. Countries that have not ratified the protocol may participate as ob servers, however. Facts: COP 3 1995: COP 1 in Berlin, Germany, 1996: COP 2 in Geneva, Switzerland, 1997: COP 3 in Kyoto, Japan, 1998: COP 4 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1999: COP 5 in Bonn, Germany, 2000: COP 6 in The Ha gue, Netherlands, 2001: COP 6 in Bonn, Germany, 2001: COP 7 in Marrakech, Morocco, 2002: COP 8 in New Delhi, In dia, 2003: COP 9 in Milan, Italy, 2004: COP 10 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2005: COP 11/MOP 1 in Montreal, Canada, 2006: COP 12/MOP 2 in Nairobi, Kenya 2007: COP 13/MOP 3 in Bali, Indonesia 2008: COP 14/MOP 4 in Poznań, Poland 2009: COP 15/MOP 5 in Copenhagen, Denmark, 2010: COP 16/MOP 6 in Can cún, Mexico, 2011: COP 17/MOP 7 in Durban, South Africa, 2012: COP 18/ MOP 8 in Qatar 17 It has been argued that the UN Conference on the Human Environ ment began the modern era of international environmental action. Some claimed even greater achievements for that gathering in Stockholm in 1972. Anthropologist Margaret Mead told the delegates gathered there that the event was “a revolution in thought fully comparable to the Copernican revolution by which, four centuries ago, men and women were compelled to revise their whole sense of the earth’s place in the cosmos. Today we are challenged to recognize as great a change in our concept of man’s place in the biosphere.” Enjoy Developing Sweden Text: Lloyd Timberlake. T he Stockholm conferen ce Declaration stated that “Man has constant ly to sum up experience and go on discovering, inventing, crea ting and advancing. In our time, man’s capability to trans form his surroundings, if used wisely, can bring to all peoples the benefits of development and the opportunity to enhance the quality of life. Wrongly or heedlessly applied, the same power can do incalculable harm to human beings and the human environment.” It added: “In the developing countries most of the environ 18 mental problems are caused by under-development. Millions continue to live far below the minimum levels required for a decent human existence, depri ved of adequate food and clo thing, shelter and education, health and sanitation.” The Stockholm Action Plan makes less compelling reading: a long list of 109 very vague re commendations such as “It is recommended that Governme nts be mindful of activities in which there is an appreciable risk of effects on climate…”. However, the main purpose of the conference was not to argue science or develop treaties but to coordinate international po licy, the little that existed at the time. Thus in the Action Plan, the words ozone and bio diversity do not appear, and there is virtually no reference to climate change besides the one quoted above. Yet the conference “marked the entry of the environment onto the international agenda. There was wide agreement among governments. The mee ting paved the way for the esta blishment of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and for many of the Sustainable Solutions Mrs. Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India, being greeted by Mr. Maurice F. Strong, Secretary General of the Conference, upon her arrival at the Fokets Hus buil ding to attend the Conference. conventions, treaties, and pro tocols that followed. It also made clear, in its Declaration and in the speeches of many of the delegates from the develo ping world, that managing en vironmental challenges in poo rer countries requires a certain amount of economic growth and specific forms of develop ment. It argued that develop ment and the environment were not mutually exclusive, but it did not convincingly in tegrate the two. Fifteen years later, the Brundtland Report did this by developing and championing Sustainable Solutions the concept of sustainable de velopment, which it defined as forms of development that meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Thus environment and de velopment were shown to be inseparable, two sides of the same coin. The report, by the World Commission on Environment and Development (or the Brundtland Commission, after its chair, Norwegian Prime Mi nister Gro Harlem Brundt land) also brought the concept of sustainable development into the real world by noting that it “is not a fixed state of harmony, but rather a process of change in which the ex ploitation of resources, the di rection of investments, the orientation of technological development, and institutional change are made consistent with future as well as present needs. We do not pretend that the process is easy or straight forward. Painful choices have to be made. Thus, in the final analysis, sustainable develop ment must rest on political will.” 19 From left: Mr. Kurt Waldheim, Secretary-General of the United Nations; King Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden; and Mr. Maurice Strong, Secretary-General of the Conference, just before the Swedish welcoming ceremony at Stockholm’s Royal Opera House which preceeded the official opening of the Conference in the afternoon at the Folkets Hus. President Thabo Mbeki of the Republic of South Africa addresses the opening plenary meeting of the World Summit on Sustainable Development. The Brundtland Report was also forceful on a concept that is really the theme of this pa per: all environmental and de velopment challenges can be boiled down to the problem that human systems are out of sync with natural systems. The Brundtland commissioners wrote almost 25 years ago: “the real world of interlocking economic and ecological sys tems will not change; the poli cies and institutions concer ned must.” In 2010, 29 international companies, members of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) issued the report Vi sion 2050, in which they tried to envision a sustainable pla netary society by the year 2050 and to lay out the paths to get there. Vision 2050 had three main findings. The first is that “bu siness as usual” would lead to vast societal disasters – bad nance, information/communi cation technology, and part nerships. The third finding was that for there to be any chance for a sustainable world by 2050, much must be ac complished in the present de cade: 2010-2020, a period the report labeled the “turbulent teens.” The key question is whether or not Sweden, and Swedes, care. Global warming means that we are all “developing countries” now, with wealthy countries like Sweden needing to develop new forms of ener gy, to use clean tech to develop its way into sustainability. Sweden is relatively clean and green, but it is using more than its share of global resour ces. Do Swedes want to deve lop in the right direction? Or are they happy to rest on their green and well-developed lau rels? These questions about what Swedes are going to do lead to 20 for humanity and thus bad for business. The second is that “the transformation ahead re presents vast opportunities in a broad range of business seg ments as the global challenges of growth, urbanization, scar city and environmental change become the key strategic dri vers for business in the coming decade. In natural resources, health and education alone, the broad order of magnitude of some of these could be around US$ 0.5-1.5 trillion per annum in 2020, rising to bet ween US$ 3-10 trillion per an num in 2050 at today’s prices, which is around 1.5-4.5 % of world GDP in 2050. Opportu nities range from developing and maintaining low-carbon, zero-waste cities and in frastructure to improving and managing biocapacity, ecosys tems, lifestyles, and liveli hoods. Enabling these changes will also create opportunities for fi Sustainable Solutions Maurice F. Strong, Secretary-General of the Conference, making a state ment. At centre is Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim, and at right is Ingemund Bengtsson, Minister of A griculture of Sweden and President of the Conference. [5–16 June 1972] a very nasty issue: motivation. Why should any of us who is well off and lives in a prospe rous, comfortable country bother to change toward more sustainable ways of doing things? The short answer is “to save our human civiliza tion.” But, strangely, that may not be motivation enough. Let us look at climate change, be cause it combines so many dif ferent ecological issues: spreading deserts, changing water availability, deforesta tion, changing farming reali ties, etc. To manage climate change we must move away from carbon as the basis of our energy systems. We have the technology to do this, and as we use this technology, we will improve it and it will become cheaper. We know, because many learned reports have told us so, that if we start decarbo nizing our economy now, we will save money. So we have the science, technology, and Sustainable Solutions the economic motivation. But that is not the way the world works. The average adult Swede does not suffer from carbon-based energy. S/ he benefits: most cars and houses still require carbon fu els. All airplanes do. Carbon dioxide takes a long time to rise into the upper atmosphere and start playing its “green house” role. So the carbon doing the damage now was re leased not by this generation but by previous generations. The CO2 released by this gene ration will hurt future genera tions. The CO2 now in the at mosphere is killing and destroying the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of pe ople, but these are not Swedes; they are in dryland Africa, or under the melting glaciers of the Andes and the Himalayas. However, every generation of well-off people – those causing the problem – will be in the same situation: wanting to de lay action until the NEXT ge neration takes over. But the actions required will get harder for each generation. As a species, we are not evol ved enough to tackle challen ges that threaten mainly poor people in other parts of the globe and people not yet born. In this case, we lack the legal, ethical, and moral toolkit to “save our human civilization.” US philosopher Stephen Gardiner describes this plight eloquently, and argues that it is so difficult it corrupts us in several ways. We pretend the science is controversial and unclear. We pretend the solutions are more difficult than they are. We pre tend we are negotiating solu tions when we are not. And we pretend we are making pro gress in those negotiations, when we are not. Gardiner wrote this piece before the 2009 Copenhagen meeting of the parties to the UN 21 climate treaty. As he pre dicted, despite everyone pre tending to negotiate in good faith, no progress was made. Yet most observers, even envi ronmentalists, said things like: “Well yes, it was a disappoint ment, but actually a great deal of progress was made at Co penhagen.” So as we discuss what Swe den will do now, we can never lose sight of the question: why will Sweden do it? It will take leadership from the top of the political, business and NGO worlds. And it will take grass roots leadership to create a bottom-up movement to stif fen the resolve of Sweden’s leaders. And Sweden must de cide how to partner with all the other developing countries facing the same challenges. Gro Harlem Brundtland, Prime Minister of Norway, addresses a press conference. 19 October 1987, United Nations, New York. 22 Sustainable Solutions The fast track to leading Swedish environmental technology The magazine Miljöaktuellt (Environmental News) and its publisher IDG are investing heavily in green technologies with several new initiatives to create Sweden’s central platform for environmental technology information. The goal is to provide a meeting place for customers, investors and technology companies. M iljöaktuellt and the publisher IDG have chosen to invest heavily in green technologies through a number of new pro jects: the news site M-Teknik, the magazine Green Solutions from Sweden (which it bought in February), and the extensi ve online service Swedish Greentech Industry Guide. Swedish Greentech Indu stry Guide (www.greensweden. se) is a searchable database that lists all Swedish green tech companies and shares informa tion about their services and products. This is a smart catalogue of Swedish green tech companies with optimised information for international customers and in vestors. In February, the environme ntal magazine Miljöaktuellt purchased Green Solutions from Sweden, an exclusive cof Sustainable Solutions racts and the policy decisions that affect the green tech sec tor. ”We want to excel at finding and collecting the news needed by the green tech industry, whether you are a contractor, supplier, investor or buyer of green tech,” says M-Teknik’s chief editor Jon Röhne. fee table magazine focused on describing the Swedish envi ronmental technology market to foreign investors and buyers. This independent magazine will be published twice a year and distributed through IDG and through international and national partners. The third investment by Mil jöaktuellt and IDG launched last autumn, the website Mteknik. This news site focuses on research, new and exciting technologies, industry cont Facts Read more At www.greensweden.se you can find over 1000 Swedish green tech companies. At http://m-teknik.idg.se you can read about politics, technology and contracts from green technology Sweden. For more information or to find out how you can be a part of the platform, contact Arash Sangari, Ph: +46-(0)763-41 06 63, firstname.lastname@example.org 23 In late June the UN will hold its next major conference on sustainable development. This time, the spotlight will be on the Brazilian capital of Rio de Janeiro. The programme is ambitious and participants have many challenges to address. Focus on the Green Economy in Rio de Janeiro Text: Mikael Söderlind I n 2010 the UN General As sembly decided that a con ference on sustainable de velopment would be held in 2012. The conference, known as Rio+20, will be held 20-22 June in Rio de Janeiro. As the name indicates, 20 years have now passed since the last ma jor UN environmental meeting took place in Rio. The meeting was historically important and laid the groundwork for Agen da 21, a global programme for sustainable development. The Brazilian government hopes that Rio+20 will be the largest conference in United Nations history. Diplomat Lau demar Aguiar, Head of Logis tics for Rio+20, estimates that 150 heads of state and 50,000 other attendees will convene, including diplomats, journa lists, business people, politici ans and environmental acti vists. The fact that all 30 hotel chains in Rio de Janeiro are 24 more or less fully booked during the conference gives an indication of the scale of inte rest. Ten thousand campers are also expected in the city. Several of the world’s leading heads of state, such as German Chancellor Angela Merkel, King of Spain Juan Carlos I and Russia’s former president Vladimir Putin, have been invited to Rio+20, though it is still unclear just who will attend. British Prime Minister David Cameron has declined to participate, despite heavy criticism, and will ins tead send Deputy Prime Minis ter Nick Clegg. President Ba rack Obama has also declined to attend, although representa tives from his administration will be present. The main themes for Rio+20 are the green economy in the context of sustainable development, the eradicating poverty and the institutional framework for sustainable de velopment. The framework in volves discussing how to for mulate rules and structure its organisation. Member states, interest groups and commit tees will hold a large number of meetings during the conferen ce to discuss everything from sustainable tourism to the green economy in the energy sector. The summit has a tight ly packed programme, to say the least. The main objectives of the conference are to secure rene wed political commitment to sustainable development, to assess the progress and short comings of the implementation of commitments from past sus tainable development summits and to address new issues and challenges currently emerging. The outcome of the conference will largely depend on the qua lity of regional and national preparations. Sustainable Solutions Sustainable Solutions Seven priority areas for Rio+20 3 Jobs. The economic recession has taken a toll on both the quantity and quality of jobs available. A well-functioÂ ning labour market is crucial for the 190 million people currently unemployed and the more than 500 million job seekers who will emerge over the next ten years. 3 Energy. Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces today, whether it be jobs, security, climate change, food production or rising incomes. We need to develop sustainable energy solutions to strengthen economies, protect ecosystems and achieve equity. 3 Cities. Cities are hubs of commerce, culture, science, production and more. Many challenges exist in maintaining cities in a way that continues to create jobs and prosperity without exhausting resources. 3 Food.It is time to develop new approaches to growing, distributing and consuming food. If done right, agriculture, forestry and fisheries can provide nutritious food for all, while also generating decent incomes. 3 Water. Clean, accessible water for all is an important feature of the world we want to live in, and there is enough fresh water on our planet to achieve it. Bad economics or poor infrastructure, however, cause millions of people to die each year from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene. 3 Oceans. Our oceansâ€™ currents, temperature and living creatures drive global systems that make Earth habitable for humankind. Throughout history, oceans and seas have also been vital for trade and transportation. Managing this global resource carefully is crucial to a sustainable future. 3 Disasters. Disasters caused by earthquakes, floods, droughts, hurricanes, tsunamis and more can have devastaÂ ting impacts on people, environments and economies. Making smart choices allows both people and ecosystems to recover from disasters faster. 26 Sustainable Solutions Sustainable Solutions 27 Sweden has an international reputation for promoting sustainable development. This reputation is, of course, based on the nation’s efforts as a whole. ”I believe and hope that Sweden is perceived as a country that is at the forefront of sustainability issues internationally‚ both in terms of work in our own country and international work,” says Gunilla Carlsson, Sweden’s Minister for International Development Cooperation. Fifty-six points to address Text: Gunnar Andersson The UN Conference on the Human Environment was held in Stockholm in 1972. It was the first in a series of conferen ces on sustainable develop ment held every ten years; in Nairobi in 1982, in Rio de Ja neiro in 1992, in Johannes burg in 2002 and preparations are now in full swing for the next conference in Rio, to be held 20-22 June. ”Ever since the Stockholm conference in 1972, Sweden has maintained a high profile internationally in terms of sus tainability issues. This year we are organising the conference Stockholm +40 – Partnership Forum for Sustainable Deve lopment where we will have yet another chan ce to push the sustainability agenda.” Carlsson believes that an in ternational consensus is im portant to achieving progress within sustainable develop ment. ”Each dimension of sustai nable development – the eco nomic, social and environmen tal – are, in many respects, 28 inter-related. What one coun try does affects other countri es. There may also be additio nal costs that prevent countries from moving ahead in the pursuit of sustainable development on their own. That’s why international con sensus and cooperation are so important,” adds Carlsson. Gunilla Carlsson is one of 19 high-ranking politicians from different parts of the world who have sat on the UN High Level Panel on Global Sustai nability Panel (GSP). The pa nel was started by Ban Kimoon in August 2010 and was jointly led by Finnish Presi dent Tarja Halonen and South African President Jacob Zuma. ”The UN Secretary General’s decision to ap point a High Level Panel on Global Sustainability is partly a result of the conclusions pre sented by the International Commission on Climate Chan ge and Development, which I chaired,” explains Carls son. The Panel’s task was to develop a new vi sion for sustainable growth and prosperity and to suggest ways on how this should be implemented. The final report ”A Future Worth Choosing” was presented in Sweden on 24 February and is an important contribution to the Rio+20 Conference. ”Much of the report’s mes sage is evident in its title – ’A Future Worth Choosing’,” says Carlsson. ”Our basis for sus tainable development is all the millions of choices made every day by individuals, businesses and governments. Our com mon future is bound up with all of these decisions. The challenge we face is making sustainable choices possible. That’s why the Panel’s Sustainable Solutions Sustainable Solutions 29 report concludes that sustaina ble development is fundamen tally linked to people’s ability to influence their future, de fend their rights and their abi lity to express their opinions.” The report also highlights how important it is that all players contribute to sustaina ble development – not just go vernments and organisations, but also business. ”Through coalitions and partnerships, innovative stake holders can lead the way, which in turn can create tre mendous leverage, where oth ers can see the profitability of the sustainable options,” Carlsson explains. 30 Carlsson believes that an im portant starting point in all matters related to sustainable development is to put people first and to build on each person’s rights and needs. ”Every person’s right to sha pe their lives and influence de velopment in their village, their city and their country is a fundamental prerequisite for sustainable development. For me, a key issue is to clearly de monstrate the importance of democracy and respect for hu man rights, in order to create a sustainable society,” Carlsson continues. Another key issue that Gu nilla Carlsson wishes to high light is the role of business as a driving force behind sustaina ble development. She believes that well-functioning markets pave the way for increasing growth and reducing poverty, but also for innovation and smart solutions for responding to today’s challenges. ”Business has a crucial role in meeting the challenges that must be overcome if we are to achieve the goal of sustainable development. We need to bet ter use the expertise, resources and innovativeness of private industry in the future. In itself, economic growth is not a thre at to the environment and in many respects is necessary to Sustainable Solutions protect the environment. Sus tainable prosperity will be made possible through new and innovative forms of coope ration between governments, companies and organisations. For business to play its role in promoting sustainability, countries need to develop eco nomic instruments that stimu late the move towards green and inclusive growth,” says Carlsson. According to Carlsson, an other factor in successful sus tainable development is utilis ing the potential of youth. She believes that today’s young pe ople are healthier and better educated than any previous ge neration, and that we must al low the world’s youth to take part in all aspects of society and make the most of their ide as and enthusiasm. The report also states that Gro Harlem Brundtland’s ana lysis as contained in the ”Re port of the World Commission on Environment and Develop ment: Our Common Future” is as relevant today as it was 25 years ago – sustainable deve lopment is only possible when all three dimensions – econo mic, social and environmental development – are included. Brundtland defined these th ree dimensions of sustainable development and the sustaina bility panel has identified what the stakeholders – governme nts, businesses and private in dividuals – need to do to realise the vision. ”I see the fact that the panel agreed on a common vision and 56 recommendations as an im portant success in strengthe ning the international con sensus on how to tackle the major global challenges we face today. The report will be an im portant prelude to the political processes that we now have be fore us, such as the UN Confe rence on Sustainable Deve lopment to be held in Rio in June of this year,” says Carlsson. Fifty-six specific recommendations. The report has produced 56 specific recommendations on how sustainable development can be achieved. Here, Carlsson lists some of the most important items, related to how we can bolster empowerment of citizens, how to create a sustainable economy and what political action is required. 3 1. Governments should respect, protect and promote human rights, including a person’s right to take part in the government of their country, directly or through freely chosen representatives, as established by the UN’s Univer sal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948. 3 2. Governments should accelerate the implementation of measures to promote gender equality and women’s rights, including rights to property, equality of access to credit and financial services, equal opportunities to parti cipate in political processes and access to sexual and reproductive health services and rights. 3 3. Governments, the private sector and private individuals should cooperate and form partnerships in order to of fer vocational training and provide support to young entrepreneurs. 3 4. Governments should establish price signals that value sustainability. In particular, governments can: a) esta blish pricing instruments that include external environmental costs, such as emissions trading and carbon tax, by 2020 and b) phase out subsidies on fossil fuels by 2020. 3 5. Governments should develop sustainability criteria for cost-efficient public procurement. 3 6. Governments should promote the inclusion of long-term sustainability criteria in investments and transactions made by companies. 3 7. Governments and private enterprise should build strategic partnerships to implement investments for sustainable development. 3 8. Governments should ensure good governance – including democracy, human rights, principles of the rule of law – and promote youth participation in decision-making at all levels. 3 9. Governments should agree to develop universal sustainability objectives that includes all three dimensions of sustainable development. An expert committee should be set up to establish these objectives before they can be finally adopted by UN member states. 3 10. The UN Secretary-General should lead a collaboration between relevant international organisations – inclu ding UN agencies, international financial institutions like the World Bank and IMF, the private sector and other stakeholders – to regularly produce a ”Global Sustainability Development Outlook Report” which collates existing information into an integrated analysis of sustainable development. Sustainable Solutions 31 The members of the Secretary-General’s High-Level Panel on Global Sustainability, co-chaired by Tarja Halonen (front, sixth from left), President of Finland, and Jacob Zuma (front, fourth from right), President of the Republic of South Africa, pose for a group photo at UN Headquarters. Pictured front row, from left: Connie Hedegaard, European Union Commissioner for Climate Action; Micheline Calmy-Rey, President of the Swiss Confederation for 2011 and Minister for Foreign Affairs of Switzerland; Jairam Ramesh, Minister of Rural Development of India; Izabella Monica Vieira Teixeira, Minister of Environment of Brazil; Kevin Rudd, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Australia; Ali Baba can, Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey; Gunilla Carlsson, Minister for International Development Cooperation of Sweden; James Laurence Balsillie, Chair of the Board of Canada’s Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). Back row, from left: Alexander Bedritsky, Adviser to the President of the Russian Federation and Special Envoy for Climate Change; Hajiya Amina Az-Zubair, Senior Special Assistant/Advisor to the President of Nigeria on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); Han Seung-soo, Chairman of the Governing Board of the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI); Freundel Stuart, Prime Minister of Barbados; Yukio Hatoyama, Member of the House of Representatives of Japan; Gro Harlem Brundtland, Chair of the World Commission on Environment and Develop ment; Julia Carabias, Environmentalist and former Secretary of the Environment of Mexico; Janos Pasztor, Director of the Secretary-General’s Climate Change Support Team; Cristina Narbona Ruiz, Spanish Ambassador to the Orga nisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and former Minister of Environment of Spain; Zheng Guoguang, Administrator of the China Meteorological Administration. 32 Sustainable Solutions Facts: Gunilla Carlsson, Minister for International Development Cooperation, Sweden 3 Governmental posts: 2006 – Minister for International Development Cooperation 3 Swedish Parliament 2002–2006, Member of Parliament 2004–2006, Deputy Chair of the Committee on Foreign Affairs 2002–2006, Deputy Member of Committee on EU Affairs 2004–2006, Alternate Member of the Swedish Delegation to the Nordic Council Sustainable Solutions 2003–2004, Member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs 2002–2004, Member of the Committee on EU Affairs 2002–2003, Member of the Committee on Education 2002–2006, Member of the War Delegation 3 The European Parliament 2004–2006, Vice Chair of European People’s Party 1995–2002, Member of the European Parliament and EPP-ED Group 1999-2002, Leader of the Moderate Party delegation in the European Parliament 33 Conference on sustainable living and inno vative solutions Over the course of three days, international stakeholders will gather in Stockholm for discussions on sustainable development and to find common messages to relay to decision-makers at the upcoming UN conference Rio+20. Text: Gunnar Andersson T he ”Stockholm+40 – Partnership Forum for Sustainable Develop ment” conference is being organised in commemoration of the first UN Conference on the Human Environment, held in Stockholm in 1972. Stakeholders from the inter national community will gather April 23-25 for discus sions on sustainable develop ment and its challenges. During the conference, the bu siness community, civil society, researchers, decision-makers and young people will discuss sustainable solutions within the fields of technology, pro duction and lifestyle. The idea is to combine their different perspectives to try to create a holistic view of what we can do to achieve sustainable develop ment. The Stockholm+40 con ference will have three main themes: sustainable innova tion, sustainable production and sustainable living. The Swedish government’s Minis 34 ter of Environment, Lena Ek, and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Gunilla Carlsson, will host the conference. On 5 March, the Swedish Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Foreign Affairs held a meeting in preparation for Stockholm+40. There, Mi nister of Environment Lena Ek stressed the importance of the 1972 conference and the pro gress that has been achieved since then. She also noted, ho wever, that much remains to be done and that more people must become involved in envi ronmental work. Minister Gunilla Carlsson pointed to Stockholm+40 as a step leading up to the large Rio+20 Conference on Sustai nable Development, to be held in Rio de Janeiro this summer. ”I look forward to seeing Sweden now create its own in ternational arena to address sustainability issues in prepa ration for Rio+20. I am parti cularly pleased that we are Sustainable Solutions doing so through close cooperation bet ween the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Environment. Stock holm+40 will allow us to be even more specific about what we actually need to do to achieve sustainable development,” Carlsson said at the meeting. The overall objectives of the conference are to offer key stakeholders a platform for dialogue on practical measures for promo ting sustainable development and to deve lop clear messages and recommendations for how sustainable innovation, sustaina ble production and sustainable living can be promoted and developed, and thereby demonstrate to decision-makers at Rio+20 how a green economy can be rea lised. Forming new alliances for sustaina ble development is also a key objective of Stockholm+40; alliances that may lead to the realisation of decision-makers’ com mitments as made in Rio and at previous UN meetings on sustainable development, and to clearly highlighting young people’s views, proposed solutions and approaches. Stockholm+40 – tre teman: Sustainable innovations The time for old technology and old attitudes that consume too much of the earth’s resources is over. We now need new solutions developed through close cooperation between those involved in re search, business and industry and the financial sector. Several examples of creative innovations and collaborations will be highlighted. Sustainable production Creating incentives for companies to adapt their production to more sustainable solutions and to take greater social responsibility demands that decision-makers, researchers and businesses rethink their approaches and take innovative measures. These stakeholders will meet at the conference to demonstrate what has already been done and to gain inspiration and new ideas for productive solutions. Sustainable living Today, we know that the ecological footprint of the average person is too large. How do we find a sustainable balance that allows everyone to have a decent life without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs? Young people have a central role to play here and during Stockholm+40, they will have the opportunity to express their views on how we can create a sustainable society. Source: regeringen.se Sustainable Solutions 35 36 Sustainable Solutions ”It should be fun to be environmentally friendly” In her role as Sweden’s Environment Minister, Lena Ek sees herself as a coach who creates environmental benefits. Her basic approach is that it should be easiest, cheapest and most fun to be environmentally friendly. Text: Mikael Söderlind Sustainable Solutions 37 I t is challenging to be assig ned to one of the most im portant environmental posts in Sweden, making it all the more important to recharge your batteries from time to time. ”On weekends I often take long walks to sort through my thoughts and think strategical ly about the way forward. This time is very important for me because of the way my every day life is organised; my mo ments communing with nature are sacred. I also read a lot and play the piano,” Ek reveals. Life is hectic for Lena Ek. She begins her day by reading documents at breakfast. After wards, her work involves eve rything from negotiations to conferences. Her evenings are also often busy with meetings, after which she spends more time reading documents. Ek sees herself as a coach who has been given the oppor tunity to create both competi tive advantages and environ mental benefits. Her goal is to hand on a world that the next generation can feel optimistic about. In fact, Ek has been in terested in the environment since childhood. ”My involvement is born from a sense of justice and from a love of the Swedish fo rest and archipelagos. I’ve been interested in environmental is sues since I was a little girl.” Ek will soon co-host the Stockholm+40 conference to gether with Swedish Minister for International Development Cooperation, Gunilla Carlsson. The conference will celebrate all those who have worked to promote environmental issues since the first UN environment conference in 1972 and will also act as a forum for discus 38 sing future challenges. The meeting will bring together a range of stakeholders. ”These include researchers, business representatives, deci sion-makers, private persons and young people. We hope to be able to peer into the future together and to define strate gies for what can and should be done to promote more sus tainable innovations, to shift to sustainable production and to persuade us all to live more sustainably,” says Ek. Later this summer Ek will travel to Rio de Janeiro and the UN’s widely promoted sustai nability conference, where she will be active in both negotia tions and other, related events. From the Ministry of Environ ment, Environmental Ambas sador Anna Lindstedt, political staff members and officials will accompany Ek. One of the conference’s main themes is the green economy and Ek re veals that Sweden will focus on several important issues within the field. ”In the on-going negotia tions about the green economy, Sweden is focusing specifically on water, energy, sustainable agriculture, sustainable cities, chemicals and biodiversity. The Swedish Government be lieves in emphasising all three dimensions of sustainable de velopment – economic, social and environmental – when dis cussing the green economy.” When it comes to environ mental efforts in Sweden, Ek is particularly proud of how far Sweden has come in relation to the climate target and Road map 2050, which encompasses all sectors of society. This includes reducing cli mate emissions by 40 per cent by 2020, making Sweden’s ve hicles fossil fuel-free by 2030 and making Sweden neutral in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. Ek also highlights Sweden’s efforts in support of Non-toxic Living, which she believes will be of great im portance, as well as Sweden’s work on issues related to water and the oceans, where, she argues, the country lies at the forefront internationally. Given that her own work days are so hectic, Ek acknow ledges that she does not live a completely sustainable life, at least not in the long run. ”Personally, perhaps I should take it a bit easier. But otherwise I really try to make my life as sustainable as pos sible in different areas. I take the train as much as possible, for example. My attitude is that it should be easiest, cheapest and most fun to be environmentally friendly.” Facts about Lena Ek Born: 1958 in Mönsterås, Sweden Education: Law Degree Political party: The Centre Party Political career: District Chair of the Centre Party in Östergötland County 1993-1995, Mayor of Valde marsvik Municipality 1994-1998, county council member and deputy of the board of Östergötland County Council 1994-1998, Member of the Swedish Parliament 1998-2004, Member of the European Parlia ment 2004-2011. Current position: Swedish Envi ronment Minister since September 2011 Current: Host of Stockholm+40 and one of Sweden’s representatives at the Rio+20 conference. Sustainable Solutions Sustainable Solutions 39 Unique concept for marketing green technology C lean Tech Region Solu tions is entrepreneur Lars Ling’s company, which uses a unique concept to market and support cleantech businesses with base in Väster norrland and Jämtland, as well as Sweden, promoting Green Solutions from Sweden to ex port markets through partners. The concept includes conferen ces, inspirational lectures on good examples, workshops and the Green Solutions from Swe den magazine that now has been acquired by the media group IDG, International Data Groups Swedish division Miljö aktuellt, focusing on Green So lutions. Another success was The Clean Tech Region’s Green Solutions Round the World Tour that started on 26 Janua ry and lasted for 28 days. Lars Ling visited 11 cities in four different parts of the world. “I had booked meetings with key people at Swedish embas sies and Export Council offices, which had in turn invited im portant local contacts. In total, I met around 600 people,” says Lars Ling. The tour confirmed the great interest in sustainable solutions. He believes that there has been a great deal of interest in Green Solutions from Sweden. “The aim of the trip was 40 simple. To establish contacts and open doors for green tech nology businesses,” he says. And it was successful – the round trip has resulted in a number of definite partner ships that may be important to the business’s potential ex ports. “I am on the way to creating partnerships with parties in Singapore, Australia, Japan, In dia the US and China, among other places.” Clean Tech Region Solutions has already led to concrete deals for several companies on a number of markets says Lars Ling. There is enormous potential for exporting Swedish products and services in the field of Cle anTech. The market is estima ted at EUR 3100 billion by 2020, according to a report pre sented by Minister for Enter prise and Energy, Maud Olofs son, during Sweden’s EU presidency 2009. The Clean Tech Region´s concept assists innovative Green companies to find customers, partners and capital and grow and expand into global markets through partners. The world tour has continued and the U.S. market with New York and San Fran cisco, with great interest at the Wall Street Green Summit and CleanTech Open forum, have created new opportunities with concrete interest from Inves tors, companies and projects. For more information contact email@example.com Sustainable Solutions Sustainable Solutions 41 Meeting the needs of all The planet is too small and interconnected for the rich to be comfortable and secure while billions suffer poverty. Poverty is disastrous for people and the planet. Over three billion people, almost half the world population, live on less than $2.50 a day; and more than fourfifths live in countries where the income gap between the rich and poor is widening. Aside from being a personal tragedy, poverty can keep people from taking part in solutions– for themselves or their societies. The only way poor people can adapt to climate change is through having sufficient income, savings, insurance, and mobility. Governments cannot solve poverty, but they can set up the conditions whereby people can pull themselves out of penury: access to credit and education for all; enforcing fair laws fairly; streamlining bureaucracies; and creating effective safety nets for the poorest. Poor-country governments would be helped in this effort if allthe richer countries kept their promises: to establish a global trade regime that helps countries t rade out of poverty; to increase aid; and to help poorer countries adapt to climate change. Read more: www.hardrainproject.com www.sida.se/Global/12691_ Business_ for_Development_ memorandum_C4.pdf www.sida.se/English/Partners /Private-sector/Innovationsagainst-poverty/ Photo: Mark Edwards Hard Rain: Whole Earth? Aligning human systems and natural systems 44 Sustainable Solutions A new chapter of Mark Edwards’ groundbreaking, internationally acclaimed outdoor exhibition, Hard Rain will tour through Sweden during 2012. The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) has funded a two-year tour of Hard Rain: Whole Earth? to principal cities throughout Sweden, featuring customized content that illustrates Swedish sustainable development projects at home and in the majority world. Text: Dag Jonzon M ark Edwards’ inspirational exhibition and talk, Hard Rain: Whole Earth? , Is an urgent appeal to students and the general public to find new ways of influencing political decision- makers to priorities sustainable development. – The key challenge is to find new ways to show political and business leaders support for sustainable de velopment. Governments can’t get ahead of their electorates. They un derstand the need for sustainable development, but it is not a priority – voters are not urging them loudly enough to act in favor of the future. What’s needed is a new kind of joi ned-up campaign designed and led by tomorrow’s decision-makers – students at universities now, says Mark Edwards. The idea for Hard Rain came to Mark when he was lost in the Sahara desert. He was rescued by a Tuareg nomad who took him to his people and played him Bob Dylan’s song “A Hard Rain’s A-Gonna Fall”: “Sad fo rests”, “dead oceans”, “where the people are many and their hands are all empty.” As Dylan piles image upon image, Edwards had the idea to illustrate each line of the song. In the years that follow, he travels around the world on assignments that allow him to capture the photo graphs that turn Dylan’s prophetic words into images of the real world. Sustainable Solutions It graphically illustrates our head long collision with nature. The exhi bition contains images some visitors may find disturbing. More than 15 million people on every continent have viewed it in city centers, botanic gardens, uni versities, and at the United Nations headquarters since its launch at the Eden Project in May 2006. One of the most successful photographic exhibitions ever created, it has att racted huge public and critical ac claim, along with the support and endorsement of political and envi ronmental leaders across the world. The new exhibition Whole Earth? Aligning human systems and natu ral systems, developed by Mark Ed wards with leading environmental commentator and writer Lloyd Tim berlake, responds to thousands of requests for an exhibition that illus trates solutions to the problems highlighted in Hard Rain. It is desig ned to engage the next generation of decision-makers – students at uni versities now – as well as the general public, in the campaign for sustaina ble development. – It shows that we have the tech nology (mostly) to deal with our glo bal problems – the vision has been written out often enough – but go vernments need grassroots support if they are to scale up these solutions and move towards sustainable deve lopment Mark says. 45 From Stockholm to ÂŠ Chris SteeleÂPerkins Bo Landin outside Parliament House, one of the venues of the 1972 environment meeting. 46 Sustainable Solutions o Rio Bo Landin, science journalist and biologist Stockholm, 1972. For the first time, world leaders gathered to discuss the environment under the leadership of the United States. ’’I was 20 years old and the youngest journalist re porting from the summit. While Scandinavians discus sed saving the environment, envi ronmental activists from Asia, Africa and Latin America were talking about the universal right to welfare and democracy and elimi nating poverty. We had just seen the first images of earth photographed from space – a planet encapsulated by a lifesustaining but thin and delicate at mosphere. In Stockholm, two world views collided: North and South, with contrasting perspectives on sustai nable development on our shared planet. Today, many people look back on that conference in Stockholm as the beginning of an era of environmental awareness and action. In Sweden, a strong and infor med public opinion evolved, pushi ng government and business to adopt new laws and regulations in favour of the environment.I perso nally witnessed how the Environ mental Images (Miljöbilder) televi sion programme in the late 1980s helped turn the public against the production of bleached paper. Consumer pressure and environ mental journalism led to the intro duction of eco-friendlier paper. Forty years after Stockholm, it is time for a new environmental sum mit. The third time around, world leaders have another chance to take public opinion on sustainable development seriously. Sustainable Solutions 47 Nature- based hightech society In Sweden, forest literally surrounds us. Trees – along with hydro power, wind and sun – have been crucial resources in reducing Sweden’s carbon emissions and driving renewal in the cities and urban areas where nine out of ten Swedes live. Text and interviews: Dag Jonzon Senior Programme Manager at the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) ’’I n the last twenty years, Sweden has invested billions of kronor in re newable energy and sustaina ble urban development initia tives funded by central government, municipalities and private business. After centuries as a poor agricultural nation, Sweden is on its way to becoming a natu re-based high-tech society. To day biofuel is Sweden’s most important energy source. 48 Sweden has been a strong voice at environmental conser vation summits in Stockholm, Rio and Johannesburg, and Sida has helped to advance Sweden’s high international standing in environmental is sues. However, Sweden is finding it hard to meet its national en vironmental goals in climate change, marine pollution, a toxin-free environment and biodiversity. Swedish consumption pat terns have a negative global impact: if everyone in the world shared our living habits, we would need three planets. The exhibition demonstra tes that all nations are develo ping countries now. Our challenge is to work to gether for fair and globally sustainable development. Sweden’s vision is to contribu te to world-leading solutions for a sustainable future. Sustainable Solutions Sweden’s forests are a crucial r esource in reducing carbon emissions and driving urban renewal. Sustainable Solutions 49 Vattenrike biosphere reserve The city of Kristianstad is built on a delta and has adapted to climate change by building reinforced dikes and adopting surveillance systems to protect from the flooding that can result from extreme weather conditions. Kristianstad’s Vattenrike is an internationally recognized wetland region, designated by UNESCO as Sweden’s first biosphere reserve in 2005. Carina Wettemark, ecologist at Vattenrike ’’I t’s wonderful to work in such a large region with many contrasts, from very dry land to flooded mea dows,” says Carina. “We have a rich heritage and vibrant agricultural sector that play a crucial role in making Kristianstad so environmen tally and culturally special.” Carina stays in close touch with farmers who are commit ted to sustainable agriculture and with golf greenkeepers who manage their courses so that more than 50 different species of wild bee can coexist with local golfers. “We rely on bees to pollinate many of our fruit trees and flo wers. To save the threatened Megachile lagopoda bee we plant Greater Knapweed, a plant with large flowers that attract the bees. Knapweed thrives along sandy roadsides but has declined in recent years because roadside verges are cut too early.” Vattenrike’s mix of wetland and sandy grassland makes it a unique environment, Carina explains. “We have so many species here that aren’t common any where else. When cattle graze they disturb the ground, and the flora and fauna benefit from that.” Facts ■ 3 “Biosphere” means all parts of the earth’s surface and atmosphere in which living organisms exist, or that are capable of supporting life, including all organisms and the ecosystems that sustain them. 3 Vattenrike covers most of Kristianstad municipality and is located along the lower 30 kilometres of the River Helge in the north-eastern corner of Skåne. The River Helge is Skåne’s largest waterway and home to Sweden’s widest expanse of wet meadows. 3 The Vattenrike visitor centre, located just outside Kristianstad town centre, highlights ways to preserve bio diversity and informs people about the environment and ecology. 50 Sustainable Solutions © Chris SteelePerkins Carina Wettemark has found her dream job in Sweden’s only biosphere reserve. Sustainable Solutions 51 © Chris Steele-Perkins Joakim Byström inspects Absolicon’s concentrated solar collection panels 52 Sustainable Solutions Capturing the sun Joakim’s interest in solar power began at a young age, via a fascination for mathematics. When he learned the equation explaining the shape of a parabola, he was hooked. Joakim Byström, CEO of Absolicon ’’I drew my first solar panel when I was 11, and ever since then it was a model I wanted to build,” he recalls. Eventually he did, joining up with fellow students in physical engineering at Uppsala Univer sity and environmentalists he met at study groups to build so lar panels and research oppor tunities and solutions for solar power. These efforts led to a concen trated solar collection facility that produces electricity, heat and cooling systems for large properties, public buildings, and for global export. The unique design needs just one-tenth of the photovoltaic cells of standard solar panels to generate equivalent electricity. It uses heat four times more ef fectively, capturing up to 50% of incoming solar radiation. “There are two units in my home town of Härnösand,” Joa kim says. “One’s on the roof of the newly redeveloped hospital and the other’s in a major park ow ned by the municipal energy company Hemab, and is con nected to the district heating network.” “I see the sun as the only pos sible energy source to turn to for the majority of the world’s population,” Joakim says, ad ding with a chuckle, “The sun and that parabolic equation will rule the future!” Facts ■ 3 Solar cell prices have fallen by 50 per cent over the last two years due to rapid growth in demand. The industry has generated 75,000 jobs in Europe, and projections indicate 1.4 million new jobs by 2020. 3 The solar energy that hits the earth’s surface in the course of one hour is sufficient to meet the energy needs of the entire globe for a year. 3 The roof of a standard Swedish home receives about five times more solar energy than the total energy the house uses. Sustainable Solutions 53 © Chris Steele-Perkins The Domsjö bio-refi nery has attracted new investment and Gunilla Kihl oversees all production. 54 Sustainable Solutions Seeing the wood for the trees A former pulp mill, in 2002 Domsjö became Sweden’s first working bio-refinery and also hosts a large biogas facility, although its major production is speciality cellulose as a substitute for cotton and silk. Biofuels are produced through the gasification of black liquor, a natural by-product. Gunilla Kihl, environmental engineer at Domsjö ’’O ur main business is processing cellulose to make viscose fibre for the textile industry,” Gunil la explains. “We also produce lignin, which when dried makes cement manufacturing more eco-friendly by reducing water, bioethanol and biogas con sumption. Many people are surprised at all the different ways you can use a natural raw product such as wood.” Gunilla praises the foresight of the investors who saw poten tial when the factory was threa tened by closure in the late 1990s. “Today there are more than 30 companies here, and to gether we’re developing tomorrow’s bio-refineries using the expertise from Sweden’s chemical and forestry indu stry.” The venture to produce vis cose fibre from cellulose beca me a real success story. New In dian owners bought the factory in 2011 and are aiming to make Domsjö part of the world’s largest producer of clothing made from natural wood fibre instead of cotton, which has a negative environmental impact. “I’ve always wanted to work here,” Gunilla says. Her wish came true when she gained her environmental engineering dip loma. Today, she’s in charge of the production process and of en suring the bio-refinery meets environmental standards. Facts ■ 3 Investments in black liquor gasification for electricity or fuel production have enabled Sweden to reduce national CO2 emissions by 10% and provide road vehicles with 45 billion litres of biofuel. 3 Forests are a key resource for developing sustainable cities in Sweden. The country has invested heavily in district heating and biofuel-fed combined heat and power (CHP) systems with high electricity yields. 3 Biofuel has become Sweden’s most important energy source, accounting for 32% of national energy usage, compa red to 29% for oil-based fuel, according to March 2010 statistics from Svebio, the Swedish Bioenergy Association. Sustainable Solutions 55 © Chris Steele- Perkins Creative environ ments generate conditions for growth and deve lopment at Söråker Community Centre. A connected world “As young people, we have the sharpest skills and we keep things moving to make sure the centre works as a meeting place for people of all ages,” says Emelie Öberg, who leads a weekly art group for children at Söråker Community Centre and exhibits her paintings there. Emelie Öberg, Söråker Community Centre ’’W e run the place ourselves. Using young entrepre neurship as our method and culture as our tool, we’ve deve loped a democratic arena and digital meeting place. Nothing should be impos sible here: every dream, idea and fancy has its place. And 56 getting involved should be fun.” The centre’s proactive, inno vative spirit and revitalization of the grassroots concept has yielded fruit. ”We use words like desire, respect and trust to convey our values and the centre and our methods have become an ex ample for all of Sweden,” We get study visits from Ro sengård in Malmö, Hammar kullen in Göteborg and Boo Community Centre in Nacka.” “We educate young people about culture and provide a ve nue where people can feel comfortable about talking.” Emelie says. Sustainable Solutions An ecosmart society for all S GUEST COLUMNIST: JOHAN ROCKSTRÖM, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, STOCKHOLM ENVIRONMENT I NSTITUTE Sustainable Solutions even billion people share the earth, and together we are facing a new reali ty – a new era in which people are the dominant force for change on our planet. ’’For the first time, we have scientific evidence that we have used almost all our environmental space on the globe. No longer can we rule out dire, dire consequences if we continue on the same path. This presents us with a huge social justice dilemma. The way I commute to work in Stockholm directly affects whether a Kenyan farmer can produce food for his family. The way companies and communities manage the Amazon rainforests affects rainfall patterns and tempera tures in Africa. My consumption affects the rate that ice melts in Antarcti ca. This determines how the Inuit live – and it also affects weather patterns for you and me, because Antarctica is a key regulator of global climate. All countries face the chal lenge of cooperating in a glo bal shift towards an eco-smart society for all: now and in the future. What is certain is that sci ence today shows there is no competition between environ ment and progress. Quite the opposite: a sustai nable environment is the basis for development and wellbe ing, for rich and poor econo mies alike.” 57 58 Sustainable Solutions Malmö aims to be Sweden’s most climatesmart city Sweden’s third largest city has set ambitious targets to help it become the most climate-smart city in the country. The municipal organisation is to be completely carbon neutral by 2020 and by 2030, the city will use only renewable energy sources. Text: Mikael Söderlind I n the 1970s a series of cri ses hit Malmö. The city’s largest employer, Kockums Shipyard, reduced its workfor ce, people moved away from the city and several other types of manufacturing jobs disappea red in short succession. Even worse, in the early 1990s much of what was left of the manu facturing industry was shut down completely. In 2002 the dismantling of the famous Kockums Crane, a well-known landmark in the old shipyard, clearly marked the end of the city’s industrial era. In recent years Malmö has slowly but surely transformed itself into a knowledge-based city with a new sense of opti mism. At the same time there has been a significant increase in the municipality’s and priva te stakeholders’ commitment to environmental issues – so Sustainable Solutions much so that Malmö now aims to become Sweden’s most cli mate-smart city. A number of environmental goals point the way forward. ”We don’t have many goals, but achieving them will require broad-ranging solutions. We are breaking down our environme nt programme into action plans that extend over one election cycle at a time. The action plans also define responsibility for the various measures required to achieve the goals,” says Malmö’s Director of Environ ment, Katarina Pelin. The vision for 2020 is that the city will be more compact, greener and more diverse. Flex ibility, multi-functionality and area efficiency are key words spearheading the city’s concen tration. Public transport, parti cularly rail transport, must be expanded; the range of sustai nable goods and services must increase; and Malmö residents need to conserve more resour ces in their day-to-day lives than they do at present. One of the most ambitious of Malmö’s comprehensive envi ronmental goals is making the municipal organisation carbon neutral by 2020. What’s more, by 2030, it is planned that 100 per cent of the city’s energy will come from renewable sources. To achieve this, city residents will also have to do their part. By 2020, each person must re duce their energy use by 20 per cent, followed by another 20 per cent by 2030. ”Reducing energy consump tion is a huge challenge, but we have calculated our need for different energy types and the size of the facilities required. Based on current technology, wind and biogas will be our 59 main resources,” explains Pelin. There are already several ex amples indicating that Malmö is a leader in green technology and sustainable development. In 2008, the world’s third lar gest offshore wind farm, Lill grund, opened just outside Malmö. The park supplies enough electricity to power more than 60,000 ordinary houses. In the long-term, elec tric cars are expected to consu me a large percentage of the 60 park’s electrical production. Currently, charging points are being installed at strategic lo cations and the municipality is investing in both electric ve hicle and bicycle fleets. Today, the city has about 400 km of bicycle paths and bi cycling makes up 30 per cent of all transports. The city plans to expand this network further in the future. For those who are unable to use two-wheeled transport, another opportunity exists to travel in a relatively environmentally friendly way: Skånetrafiken’s green city bu ses use a 50-50 mix of biogas and natural gas. Malmö has also provided two good examples of sustaina ble construction. The Bo01 neighbourhood in the Western Harbour district combines contemporary archi tecture with ecological sustai nability, while eco-neighbour hood Augustenborg is one of the largest initiatives in Europe to convert an existing residen Sustainable Solutions tial area into an eco-neigh bourhood. Locally generated energy will eventually provide all of Bo01’s energy needs. This will come from renewable sources, such as solar, wind, and water power, and from energy gene rated from the area’s refuse. There is even a refuse suction system installed, which trans ports refuse to collection points on the outskirts of the area. Another important element Sustainable Solutions is the neighbourhood’s green areas. These include alder marshes, oak and beech groves and a variety of biotopes. Large green areas also help to further promote biodiversity. The de sign of the neighbourhood in cludes an environmentally friendly transport system that makes it easy to get to and from Bo01 by bus. The city offers few opportu nities to grow plants – roof tops, however, are an untapped resource. Malmö is home to the largest botanical roof garden in the Nordic region, the Augus tenborg Botanical Roof Gar den, with mosses, sedums and herbs covering 10,000 square metres. ”Lots of plants in the city help us deal with two of the consequences of climate chan ge – more rain and a warmer climate. The plants can absorb large amounts of rainwater. When this water evaporates, it cools down the surroundings,” says Louise Lundberg, Project 61 Manager for the Roof Garden. Lundberg looks forward to the day when it will be pos sible to produce food on the city’s rooftops. The idea could possibly con tribute to Malmö’s efforts to use only organically produced food in its own operations by 2020. To achieve this, 1,500 cooks, educators and other staff have been trained in food and sus tainable development. There are clearly many examples of ambitious envi ronmental projects under way in the city. Malmö mayor, Ilmar Reepalu, explains that there are several reasons for Malmo’s environmental focus. ”When Malmö’s private sec tor more or less collapsed in the mid-1990s, we were forced to begin a comprehensive transformation of the city. This coincided with the requi rements that came out of the UN Rio ’92 Conference, where the agenda for the twenty-first century was developed. These visions fit well with our visions for Malmö. At the same time, the Swedish go vernment announced it inten ded to focus on creating a green welfare state. The sup port and help of the central government made it possible to start this great transforma tion,” he says. The fact that Reepalu is Chairman of the EU Committee of the Regions’ Environment Committee, and will also be part of the Swedish delegation travelling to Brazil to attend the UN summit Rio+20, demon strates that his commitment to the environment has gained in ternational recognition. However, he won’t be talk ing much about Malmö’s envi ronmental efforts at these meetings. ”As chairman of the CoR’s Environment Committee I will talk about the role of cities in general in reducing climate impact, more than just Malmö’s role, but where Malmo’s solutions can be used as good examples, I will high light them. I will talk about the roles of local governments in Europe and the world and what needs to be done in terms of planning, transport and building requirements in order to reduce climate chan ge,” says Reepalu. Comprehensive enviromental objektives for the City of Malmö 3 Reduce energy consumption by at least 20 per cent per person by 2020 and by another 20 per cent by 2030. 3 Provide 100 per cent of energy needs for Malmö’s municipal operations from renewable energy by 2020. The ambition is for as much of this energy as possible to be produced locally. 3 Reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40 per cent from 1990 levels. 3 Prepare Malmö for changes in temperature, increased sea level and increased precipitation. 3 Massive expansion of rail-bound and other electrically powered public transport. The bicycle path network will also be expanded and the opportunities to tranship goods by sea and rail will also improve. 3 Supply 100 per cent of Malmö’s energy needs from renewable energy by 2030. 62 Sustainable Solutions nam ibia colom bia Another perspective Sida Partnership Forum is Sweden’s most important arena for people working with development cooperation. We turn ingrained opinions on their head, and set up new perspectives in the fight against poverty. Sida Partnership Forum – Sweden’s most important arena for development cooperation workers. www.sida.se/spf Managing waste a step towards renewal ”This area has become very much better” says Allan Jensen with a broad smile on his face. “We were always scared before, and were only able to be here in pairs. Since 2005 it’s no longer a problem. I’m not afraid to walk around alone. Everywhere, even in the basements.” Allan Jensen is deputy landlord at Egeparken in Vollsmose. The change that he is talking about is a truly impressive story. 64 Sustainable Solutions T his housing estate just outside Odense in Den mark is very like the mo notonous s uburban areas that were often constructed in Eu rope in the 1970s. Foursquare tower blocks up to 10 storeys high in long rows and comple mented by long rows of just as foursquare terraced houses. Like many of these subur ban areas, as time passed a numbers of people of various nationalities moved in. Volls mose soon became known as one of the worst housing esta tes in Denmark. Segregation, high unemployment, violence, fires and criminality were terms that crossed people’s minds when Vollsmose was mentioned. In 2001 Odense’s Andelsbo ligforening (private residential society), Fyn’s Almennyttige Boligsellskab (public residen tial society) and Boligforening en Höjstrup (the Höjstrup re Sustainable Solutions sidential society), the three owners of the housing estate contacted Envac Denmark to discuss a better waste collec tion system. The system was to be part of a general impro vement of the environment and also of the surroundings, including playgrounds, shops and workplaces. Vollsmose was to undergo a complete fa celift. The waste disposal problem in Vollsmose had become ur gent. It had been necessary to close off the refuse chutes in the blocks of flats on account of health risks to the careta kers of the buildings. Rubbish bins had instead been grouped on so-called waste disposal is lands in the car parks and the aim was for residents to dispo se of their rubbish there. This did not work out. Rubbish was dumped here and there and as a consequence there were pro blems with foul odours, rats and other vermin. The bins gave rise to fires which contri buted to increasing social pro blems in Vollsmose. The situa tion got out of hand and the Odense waste disposal team no longer wanted to operate in the district. The decision was taken to open the refuse chutes and connect them to a system of underground pipes. It was also decided to install outdoor refu se inlets for a second fraction in front of the buildings: paper and newspapers for recycling. Vollsmose is still the only va cuum waste collection plant in Denmark to handle more than one refuse fraction. Residual mixed recyclables from the re fuse inlets and the paper frac tion are sucked separately in the same underground system of pipes at a speed of 70 km/h to a terminal in the district. ”We were rather dubious about whether or not the 65 sorting of household waste would work in this district”, says Niels Erik Pedersen, MD at Envac Danmark. ”But the results have far exceeded all our expectations.” ”Immedia tely after the vacuum waste collection system was taken into use in August 2005 we had a spot of trouble with dis cipline”, remembers Allan Jensen. ”But since the Envi ronment Ambassadors got started and the children here have gone through training as Environment Detectives there have been very few problems.” ”The quality is so high that we have no problem in getting the papermill to accept the collec ted paper”, affirms Jensen. Odense Renovation who are responsible for refuse collec tion in Vollsmose are very sa tisfied, and not only because costs of refuse collection have been reduced. The collection of skips from the Envac termi 66 nal takes very little time and only occurs twice a week, which means saving costs for staff and time. All the safety risks that staff were previously exposed to have been elimina ted. The difference between the past and the present when it comes to the handling of refu se is like night and day. ”Refu se is no longer unhygienic, and nobody needs to touch it.” ”We used to be 6 people working for 7 hours on Mondays, 6 hours on Thursdays and 3 hours on Fridays, just with cleaning and dealing with the rubbish bins”, Allan Jensen tells us. Nowadays the respon sibility is mine alone when it comes to the handling of refu se in this district, and I only need to spend about one hour a day on it to see that everyth ing is in working order.” And that it certainly is. The district is very clean and well cared for. No litter or rubbish, no discarded furni- ture, va cuum cleaners or mattresses etcetera dumped anywhere. Bulky refuse, glass, metal and electronic apparatus are dispo sed of at a recy- cling station in the area which is open daily. ”We’ve had a fantastic amount of help from women from the Environ- ment Am bassadors”, Jensen points out. ”Without their contribution we would never have suc ceeded in achieving all this.” Vollsmose has become a model and an inspiration to many. Vi sits by other municipal di stricts from Denmark and ab road have been frequent. ”Amongst other things study visits here are part of the training course for careta kers”, Allan Jensen tells us, and he can proudly testify to the fact that this type of hou sing district really can be changed for the better. Sustainable Solutions The underground solution for a sustainable waste handling Envacâ€™s automated vaccum waste collection system removes waste in residential areas, public spaces, large-scale catering establishment as restaurants and airports, city centre and hospitals in over 30 countries. Instead of being transported by lorries through the city, waste travels by air via an underground pipe network. At speeds of up to 70kp the waste transports over distances as long as 2km to a central collection point. This invisible solution freeing up space and contributes to a better environment on a local and global level. Envac has developed an international presence with 37 offices across 21 countries in Australia, Europe, North and South America, the Middle East and Asia. Envac - a sustainable contribution to the city environment Envac AB, Fleminggatan 7, 112 26 Stockholm, Sweden, Phone +46 8 785 00 10, www.envacgroup.com New Neighbourhoods are built with sustainability in mind When constructing new residential areas, the builders can plan for sustainable environments from the beginning. Hammarby Sjöstad and Norra Djurgårdsstaden in Stockholm are two examples of developing urban neighbourhoods where developers planned for this from the outset. Text: Mikael Söderlind 68 Sustainable Solutions Sustainable Solutions 69 Many people want to live in Stockholm. By 2030, the city is expected to attract 200,000 new residents, for whom there currently is no available hou sing. In expectation of this growth, the construction boom is unprecedented. The neigh bourhoods of Norra Djurgårds staden and Hammarby Sjöstad are being built to the north and south of the city centre. In both cases, the creation of sus tainable environments was planned from early in the pro cess. The area just south of the city centre, now known as Hammarby Sjöstad, was for merly a run-down, slum-like industrial port with a bad re putation. In 1994, the first re sidential buildings were com pleted and the following year, efforts to build a wholly new neighbourhood began. In 1996, city politicians decided to rebuild the area as an ex ample of environmental adap tation. Since that time, techni cal installations, buildings and traffic environment have been made greener. By 2017, when Hammarby Sjöstad is expected to be com pleted, its residents will provi de 50 per cent of the fuel re quired for their energy needs. The household waste currently collected within the neigh bourhood is already used as an energy source to produce di strict heating and electricity, and waste water is used as fuel for the production of both di strict cooling and heating. The energy company Fortum has developed the systems used. Waste management in Ham marby Sjöstad is divided into three different levels – proper ty-based, block-based and area-based. The waste that is 70 heaviest and generates the big gest volumes – household was te, food waste, newspapers and paper – is sorted and placed in different refuse chutes inside or adjacent to the properties. Residents dispose of this was te in waste chutes close to their buildings. A large number of these chutes are linked by under ground pipes to a central col lection station, to which the waste is carried by vacuum suction. An advanced control system sends the various frac tions to the right containers. Rubbish trucks then collect the waste at a central location, thus avoiding having to travel into and around the residential area, which reduces environ mental impact. Waste that does not belong in the property-based refuse chutes can be left in the blockbased recycling rooms. This category includes packaging, bulky waste, electrical waste and textiles. Less common waste items (that are also es pecially hazardous to the envi ronment) such as paint, var nish, glue residue, nail polish, solvents, chemicals and batte ries, are left at an area-based environmental station, known as ”GlashusEtt”, which also serves as an environmental in formation centre. The average Stockholmer uses approximately 180 litres of water a day. The aim for Hammarby Sjöstad is to redu ce this figure to 100 litres per person, per day. Thanks to eco-friendly installations, they have already reduced usage to 150 litres per day. Another goal is to significantly reduce the level of environmentally hazardous chemicals in waste water that is returned to the archipelago and to create a cleaner residual product in the form of sewage sludge. One of the intentions behind this is that 95 per cent of the phosphorous should be extrac ted and returned to farms. At present, four different treatment lines for waste wa ter are being tested in the neighbourhood, in the new Sjöstadsverket waste water treatment plant. Water equiva lent to that used by 600 people will be purified using chemi cal, physical and biological processes. To, in order to mini mise the amount of pollutants, storm and waste water from industry have been excluded. The sewage sludge formed in the treatment plants is a re source in itself. It is biodi gested to produce biogas – that is, one of the most eco-friendly fuels – can be pro duced. Biogas is used in cars and buses and in the 1,000 gas stoves used in Hammarby Sjö stad. Road storm water – that is, rain and melted snow from ro ads –contains a lot of pollu tants, something that has also been taken into consideration in Hammarby Sjöstad. This water is channelled into two closed settling tanks, where it is allowed to stand to allow pollutants to sink to the bot tom. Afterwards, it is released into the archipelago. Other storm water from the different neighbourhoods is either filte red through soil or is channel led directly to Sickla Canal, Hammarby Canal or Danviks kanal Canal. The sun’s rays are especially appreciated in Hammarby Sjö stad. They are captured by so lar panels erected on nume rous façades and roofs. Some Sustainable Solutions of these supply electricity to the buildings’ public areas, while others heat water. Seve ral roofs in Hammarby Sjöstad are in full bloom. Not because they are uncared for, because, in fact, their greenery is enti rely planned. Here, sedum plants grow with the aim of collecting rainwater and slo wing its downward fall to al low it time to evaporate. In 2011, ground was broken at the site of the four first blocks to be built in the Norra Djurgårdsstaden neighbour hood, which lies directly adja cent to the northernmost part of Stockholm’s city centre. This has been described as one of Europe’s most extensive ur ban development areas and is expected to be completed in 2025. By that time, 10,000 ho mes and 600,000 m2 of office space will be ready for use. In total, the district will cover an area of 236 hectares. Project Manager Staffan Lorentz says that they will build several hundred apartments a year. ”About 500 apartments per year will be built and so far the city has designated land for Sustainable Solutions 3500 dwellings. Twenty-five building contractors are invol ved in construction in the Gas verket area. At Södra Värta hamnen, it has been zoned for offices and other facilities, and planning is also under way for SEB bank’s new head office and a large shopping centre. In addition, Värtapiren pier will also be expanded and a new ferry terminal for Stockholm’s harbours will be built,” ex plains Lorentz. There are many similarities between Norra Djurgårdssta den and Hammarby Sjöstad, not least of all when it comes to environmental planning. Norra Djurgårdsstaden will also extract nutrients from waste water and return them to farmland, and in the Hjort hagen area, the goal is that all food waste will be converted into biogas. Additionally, all apartments will be fitted with garbage disposal units. A sys tem that uses three different rubbish chutes and vacuum suction will also be introdu ced. Money will be invested in renewable energy, in particular (both solar and wind power), which sometimes provide lots of energy and sometimes, no thing at all. Together with a number of other stakeholders, Fortum is conducting a re search and development pro ject related to a smart electri city grid in Norra Djurgårdsstaden. The grid will even out variations in con sumption. For end-customers, smart electricity grids offer a host of advantages. ”For example, they will ex perience increased comfort thanks to home automisation, the ability to influence pos sible emissions of carbon diox ide and increased control of the energy system. The latter means that they can be more active consumers and can react to price fluctuations at Nordpool, as well as exercise greater control over consump tion,” explains Marie Fossum, Vice President for New Busi ness at Fortum. Fossum also mentions that there are a number of other in teresting energy innovations in the pipeline. ”Among other things, we 71 will focus on new solutions for network monitoring, the use of electronic vehicles and char ging solutions, as well as the integration of local power pro duction through solar panels. We also have plans to investi gate the possibility of creating energy depots for customers and networks. Stockholm’s comprehensive city plan stipulates that all planning should promote walking and bicycling, and this philosophy will be follo wed diligently in the planning of Norra Djurgårdsstaden. The area will include numerous walking and bicycle paths, but also a wealth of other sustai nable transport options in the form of subways, buses, trams, boats and car pools. There will also be facilities for charging electric cars throughout the area. Proximity to the majority of amenities, combined with eservice solutions, are expected to reduce the need for trans port. Outdoor settings should be green. Urban wetlands act like sponges, absorbing rainwater that falls during heavy down pours and this evens out water flow. When trees are planted, preference will be given to oaks, because they comprise their own ecosystem and con tribute to a great biological di versity as they age. Staffan Lo rentz feels that the neighbourhood’s many green areas are particularly exciting. ”In Norra Djurgårdsstaden, both roofs and walls will be able to be used in the same way as gardens, parks and artificial wetlands. The green area factor should promote both biological diversity and social recreation, and should prepare the neigh bourhood to manage climate change. Comprehensive plan ning has been taken to a new level in planning for the con struction of Norra Djurgårds staden,” adds Lorentz. The vision for Norra Djur gårdsstaden includes three overarching goals, the first of which aims to make the neigh bourhood completely fossil fuel-free by 2030. This is a sig nificantly tougher target than what has been set up for Stock holm as a whole, which has a deadline of 2050. By 2020, the area must also be adapted to weather changes in climate, such as increased precipitation and elevated sea levels, and the idea is that each resident will emit less than 1.5 tonnes of carbon dioxide each year. This can be compared with the aver age for a normal Swede today, which is 4.5 tonnes. Moreover, Norra Djurgårds staden is one of 17 projects around the world included in the Climate Positive Develop ment Program – a global cli mate programme initiated by the Clinton Climate Initiative in cooperation with the U.S Green Building Council. This is one of the reasons why the neighbourhood will serve as a test site for research projects within sustainable energy sys tems, with local production of electricity and heat. Facts: Hammarby sjöstad Facts: Norra Djurgårdsstaden 3 Construction period: 1995–2017 3 Area: 180 hectares 3 Dwellings: 11,000 3 Office space: 150,000 square metres 3 No. residents at completion: 25,000 3 Total investment: SEK 35 billion 3 Construction period: 2011–2025 3 Area: 236 hectares 3 Dwellings: 10,000 3 Office space: 600,000 square metres 3 No. residents at completion: 25,000 3 Total investment: SEK 50 billion 72 Sustainable Solutions Next generation solar energy Electricity and heat for hospital in India Heating a public bath in Sweden Solar cooling at a Swedish hospital District heating installation in Sweden Use the sun to power your business! With Absolicon solar concentrators, it is easy to power your business. We track the sun during the day and concentrate the rays of light to produce hot water, electricity and steam. Solar steam is used to power industrial processes and for solar cooling. We deliver turnkey systems worldwide – please contact us for a quote! Absolicon Solar Concentrator AB • Matrosgatan 5 • SE-871 33 Härnösand, Sweden • Phone: +46-611-55 70 00 • Fax: +46-611-557210 • VAT: SE556729-0183-01 • E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org • Web: www.absolicon.com The goal is clear: Fossil fuel-free by 2020 74 Sustainable Solutions The vision is for operations to require no fossil fuels. Swedavia has already come far in this effort – the company has achieved a sixty per cent reduction in emissions over the past seven years. Text: Mikael Söderlind O perating a well-functio ning airport requires many things to fall in place. Baggage handling and infrastructure have to run smoothly, and travellers and goods must be inspected to maintain a good level of securi ty. Several airports also require a certain range of shops, res taurants and cafés. State-ow ned Swedavia is responsible for all of this as both owner and operator of eleven of the country’s airports. In recent years the company has distin guished itself for its ambitious environmental efforts. The primary objective of Swedavia is to eliminate all ty pes of fossil fuels, something they hope to achieve by 2020. In fact, the company is already well on track to achieve this. Since 2005 it has reduced emissions of carbon dioxide from fossil fuels by 60 per cent, and in 2006 it became the first major Swedish company to be totally carbon neutral. Remain ing emission are offset by purchasing carbon credits that reduce emissions in developing countries. Lena Wennberg, sustainabili ty manager at Swedavia, has a clear plan for meeting the 2020 target. ”We will achieve this by using green electricity, using only renewable energy and re placing fossil fuels in our ve hicles to renewable fuels. Even our fire drills now mainly use renewable liquids,” she says. Sustainable Solutions Contaminated water can be a major source of environmental contamination, but Swedavia’s airports collect waste water from vehicle washes, fire drill sites, workshops and plane toi lets and send them to treat ment plants. Oil separators and control of chemicals minimise environmental impact. Among other things, we ensure that the highly hazardous glycol used for de-icing aircraft is sucked up by means of special vehicles and then recycled. Of all the environmental ini tiatives undertaken over the past few years, Lena Wennberg is most proud of the fact that Swedavia has five airports that have received the highest level of Airport Carbon Accredita tion (ACA). Only nine airports across Europe have reaching this level. Airport Carbon Ac creditation means that an air port has calculated its own car bon emissions, set targets, reduced emissions and engaged relevant stakeholders. Lena Wennberg is also proud of the company’s energy efforts. ”Our goal is to decrease en ergy use by 30 per cent by 2020 compared to 2005 levels. To succeed, we are involving all our employees, investing in new technology, optimising ex isting systems and making a number of environmental in vestments. Total energy con sumption has declined by 28 per cent since 2005, and in 2011 alone it decreased by 11 per cent,” says Lena Wennberg. Swedavia, together with the Air Navigation Services of Swe den (LFV), initiated what is called green approaches. A green approach means that the aircraft descends continuously from its cruising altitude to the runway. This eliminates almost any need for engine thrust, which saves fuel and reduces emissions. Calculations show that carbon dioxide emissions are reduced by between 150 and 450 kg per approach. The goal is for eight of ten ap proaches to be green by 2012. ”We collaborate with airlines and air navigation services to improve the potential for green approaches. To succeed with these efforts, predictability and cooperation among all the sta keholders are required. More than 50 per cent of all landings are green landings, which in 2011 reduced carbon dioxide emissions by approximately 13,000 tonnes,” says Lena Wennberg. Facts about Swedavia 3 Owner: Swedish state 3 Turnover: SEK 4.7 billion in 2011 3 No. of employees: 2,500 3 Owns the following airports: Stockholm Arlanda Airport, Lulea Airport, Ronneby Airport, Göte borg Landvetter Airport, Umeå Airport, Kiruna Airport, Bromma Stockholm Airport, Åre Öster sund Airport, Sundsvall Härnö sand Airport, Malmö Airport, Visby Airport. Swedavia is also a co-owner of Göteborg City Airport. 75 Airlines look for a new landing strip… Text: Kaj Embrén . Blog: www.kajembren.com. Twitter: twitter.com/#!/kajembren J ust before Christmas 2011 the European Union Court of Justice successfully upheld EU law to include foreign airlines in its Emission Trading Sche me (ETS). From 2012, the EU Aviation Directive will force all airlines to buy car bon credits for flights in and out of Europe. The response from large parts of the avia tion industry has been hu gely disappointing. As the world’s only man datory programme to add ress emissions from avia tion, the Directive’s measures have provoked a chorus of criticism from In dia, China and, in parti cular, the US. Many airlines outside Europe have reacted angrily to the decision as it will increase the cost of fly ing to the continent. True, if they cannot increase their 76 efficiency or absorb this ex pense it will have to be pas sed on to customers, but this negative attitude towards a progressive policy is sadly reminiscent of the wider ongoing climate negotiations. Whilst airlines may not be the biggest emitter of greenhouse gases (2-4%), this figure will rise signifi cantly if action is not taken. Global urbanisation means we now have more than 400 cities with populations over 1m, in a system already ser ved by 1700 active airlines across 44,000 airports. The se airports are increasingly important hubs and the burgeoning size and inter connectivity of cities, espe cially in Africa, China and India, can only worsen the damage caused by airlines. But this growth also re presents vast commercial potential for the aviation industry and serves to strengthen its opposition to change. Sector-based inte rest organisations (in this case airlines) and national government representatives are almost always the big gest threat to attempts to solve the issue of climate change. The stronghold of lobbyists in Washington (a total of about 25,000) ensu res that commercial inte rests influence decision ma kers in both Congress and Senate, drastically curbing the impact of environmen tal concerns. True to form, the voices of the aviation industry were heard the loudest after the EU ruled against them. In a letter to the EU that was undoubtedly the result of pressure from lobbyists, Hillary Clinton criticised the ETS and portrayed Europe’s forward-thinking approach as a sign of its increasing isolation. This marks a sad depar ture from the approach ta ken by her husband, Bill Clinton, whose Climate In itiative encouraged airlines to work together with city airports to build more effi cient (and therefore sustai nable) transportation hubs. His C 40 network, along with the European Committee of Regions, is working on new agree ments between governors and mayors in Europe, In dia, US and China. Cities there are beginning to build new networks and sustainable strategies, in cluding the use of publicprivate partnerships. This innovative ap proach (which also pro motes cooperation on emission trading) repre sents a better platform for a new type of dialogue. There is also compelling evidence in Europe that these solutions can benefit the airlines and the planet. We can look to Sweden for evidence of just how successful these collabora tive models can be. Sweda via, which owns and ope rates 11 of the country’s airports, was the first ma jor Swedish company to become climate neutral. Since 2003 the company has reduced the carbon di oxide emissions from its airports by a staggering 73 percent. The target is to achieve zero emissions by 2020 through a compre hensive set of measures that expand year-on-year. Both Swedavia and SAS (Scandinavian Airlines) have been working with voluntary cap-and-trade agreements to help keep emissions in line with Ky oto targets. It is this cooperation between airline and air port that has impressed the most. Take Stockholm’s Arlanda Air port, for instance, which now uses a carbon-neutral aquifer (a groundwater re servoir that acts as a ther mos) to cool all airport buildings during the sum mer, including the termi nals. What’s more the aqu ifer also stores heat that can be used in the winter for ground heating sys tems at aircraft parking stands and to pre-heat ventilated air in buildings. There are many similar opportunities lying around the corner. The Joint Im plementation (JI) project, for example, aims to invol ve the airlines in projects that will stimulate techno logy development in part nership with the airports they serve. But as well as the power of collaboration, Swedavia’s example shows the power of localised ini tiatives. Air traffic largely flows in and out of cities and it may be at this level that meaningful change can be implemented. Rather than relying on in ternational sanctions or national governments re gulating from under the thumbs of aviation lobby ists, we should be encoura ging each city to find its own solutions and work with local governments and businesses on sustai nable city models. Mayors, not ministers, are best placed to find pragmatic and imaginative solutions. Airports and airlines may not like Europe’s at tempts to cut emissions, but the ETS is here to stay. So instead of embarking of futile attempts to stop the EU in the courts, they should work towards deve loping new partnerships and best practise to sup port more sustainable cities. 77 A sustainable society – a utopia that can be realised if we really want to As members of a sustainable society, we should not constantly focus on what we cannot do. On the contrary, we should be seeing the opportunities for improvements these changes lead to. I magine a cityscape where the buildings minimise the energy required to maintain the right temperature, whether it is a cold winter night or hot summer day. Visualise walking through a lush park in the city, breathing fresh air and visiting a local farmers’ market with fresh food, all within walking distance from your home. Continue this thought expe riment, seeing yourself taking a quiet and comfortable ride in your car, without the rumbling noise of a combustion engine burning fossil fuels. Instead, you only hear a quiet whistling of the wind outside as you 78 make your way to work or tra vel through the countryside on a longer journey. See yourself taking advantage of an in frastructure that allows you to cross a continent with highspeed trains while sitting com fortably and enjoying the landscape, the lakes and the rivers. Imagine a manufacturing in dustry that has less impact on our climate and that can take advantage of natural resources while increasing profitability, all the while offering a safer workplace. Imagine that this is possible today. Today’s technology can i mprove efficiency and reduce the energy consumption of our homes radically. This, in turn, reduces our carbon footprint and lowers costs. Car manu facturers have come a long way in improving the efficiency of their powertrains. Today, pure electric cars and plug-in hy brids have even better range than many conventional cars while they have significantly less impact on the climate. With increased use of recycled materials, the manufacturing industry can reduce its con sumption of natural resources and its environmental impact. Sustainable Solutions Respect Sustainable Business is not an ordinary environmental consultancy W e play a key role in de veloping a brighter future for our custo mers, for the environment and for humanity. We don’t believe in sacrifi cing what is good, just the op posite. We believe that impro Sustainable Solutions ving our daily routines by making them sustainable, we can all have a richer and more enjoyable life. We work closely with our clients and in networks to make global behaviour patterns sustainable. Respect provides a wide range of services, such as sus tainable development, carbon offsetting and sustainable com munications. We always aim to achieve profitability for our clients by doing good. 79 Sustainable development in schools In Linköping, young people can attend a cutting-edge upper- secondary educational programme. Folkunga School’s sustainable development programme is Sweden’s most up-to-date social science education. In fact, it is the only one of its kind. Text: Gunnar Andersson C ourses are conducted in collaboration with resear chers at Linköping Univer sity, government agencies, busi nesses and municipalities. Students work in teams to ex pand their knowledge of social studies, biology, sociology, the environment, economics and leadership. The programme con nects how people think and act with how society is designed and what consequences this has for the environment. The idea is for pupils to explo re problems and find solutions by working across disciplines. With a project-oriented ap proach, part of instruction oc curs outside the classroom, such as through taking samples of wa tercourses or discussions with policy-makers and researchers. ”The basic idea of this pro gramme is Earth System Science (ESS), where you look at diffe rent systems in a holistic con text, which systems and proces ses affect each other and are interdependent. We simply be lieve this is the best way to un derstand larger problems,” says 80 Jimi Nilsson, who is part of the programmes administrative group. The scientific method is a common thread throughout the programme. Students should be come familiar with approaches from various scientific traditions – both humanistic and social sci ence methods with qualitative and quantitative studies, and na tural science methods, such as chemical analysis and environ mental surveys. Jimi Nilsson says that a holis tic approach is needed with many social issues to allow the students to see the causes, con sequences and solutions. This comprehensive approach also al lows students to see which ac tors, political and ethical deci sions, and actions underlie the problem. Climate change is an example of a social issue where a comprehensive approach is very important. In these classes, they strive to highlight solutions. Ins tead of concluding with a focus on the problems, they focus on discussions of how solutions can be implemented. ”I would be extremely happy if we some students become in volved in research, the private sector or politics and that they take a positive approach to all the issues they will be resolving in the future,” says Jimi Nilsson. The programme also includes special advanced courses in eco logy and ecosystem change, en vironmental psychology and sustainable urbanisation. Throughout the academic pro gramme, students work with re searchers and instructors at Lin köping University. Third year stu dents also take an interdiscipli nary university course connect with the Environmental Science programme. ”In addition to the educatio nal effect of testing university studies, the purpose of the coo peration with the university is to provide students with researchrelated and relevant instruction. A pillar of education has always been to examine what is being discussed today and to not spend time on outdated stu dies,” explains Jimi Nilsson. Sustainable Solutions Sustainable Solutions 81 GUEST COLUMNIST: MATS DENNINGER, THE SWEDISH GOVERNMENT’S SPECIAL COORDINATOR FOR SWEDISH COOPERATION WITH CHINA IN THE AREA OF ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY AND SUSTAINABLE URBAN PLANNING. Great potential for green technology exports to cities I am Special Coordinator for Swedish Cooperation with China in the Area of Energy and Environmental Technolo gy and Sustainable Urban Planning. In December 2010, the Swedish government deci ded to extend and expand my assignment to also include Russia and India. My work is coordinated through the secre tariat for the Swedish Government’s International Environmental Technology Co operation (IMT). My most im portant task is to help increase Swedish green technology ex ports to the three countries. The China Statistical Year book 2011 puts China’s urban population at more than 50 per cent of its total population for the first time ever. In 2011, an enormous 21 million citizens – or almost 60,000 people a day – were either born in or moved to Chinese cities. At present there no equivalent figures for India are available, but we can be quite sure that more than 10 million Indians moved to cities for work and education. Glo bally, we’re witnessing urbani sation on a scale of perhaps 100 million per year. Obvious ly, this places huge demands on the planning of and invest 82 ment in different types of in frastructure. This includes eve rything from water and sewage facilities to housing and trans port. Sweden can contribute advanced technology and a comprehensive approach to the development of new, sus tainable cities. We work primarily with pu blic sector clients. As such, co operation with Swedish em bassies, consulates-general, the Swedish Trade Council and relevant public authorities is crucial in providing support for Swedish businesses. Our ambition is to lower entry th resholds and facilitate busi ness for commercial players. To do so, part of our work in cludes conducting market ana lyses and different types of promotional trips to identify business opportunities, both geographically and thematical ly. We are also often involved in organising both incoming and outgoing delegations to and from our focus countries. Naturally, being able to be in volved in planning and develo ping a city or a neighbourhood is appealing. It opens up the opportunity to introduce our own, integrated vision – Sym bio City – and also to create the preconditions that will al low Swedish suppliers to com pete for business. At times it may be a long road from plan ning to contract, which is why we also work with different market segments, such as di strict heating and cooling, waste management and air and water purification. In summary, in 2010, green technology exports to China, India and Russia reached a combined value of just under SEK 4 billion. These markets are growing quickly and are not yet as large as our nearby Euro pean export markets. But they are getting closer and the need for smart solutions for sustai nable cities will definitely con tinue to grow‚ not least of all in China, India and Russia. Sustainable Solutions The Swedish public sector has an important role to play in the shift towards a sustainable society. Swedish municipalities important to sustainable development Text: Gunnar Andersson T hrough public procure ment, service production and by acting as a key po litical arena, municipalities and county councils can serve as important players in the pro cess. Each of Sweden’s 290 muni cipalities is working to achieve the goal of sustainable develop ment. While it is true that each has adopted a different ap proach, in line with their widely differing circumstances, each also possesses local autonomy that provides a local tax base from which to work. This, in turn, generates significant opp ortunities to steer activity in fa vour of sustainable develop ment. ”Swedish municipalities have been working on Agenda21 sin ce 1992, but, aside from that, sustainable development is a natural inclusion in all commu nity planning and in the natio nal environmental objectives that everyone is working to ac hieve,” explains Peter Wenster from the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Re gions (SALAR), which serves as a political lobby group for Swe dish municipalities. Swedish municipalities and county councils have the ability Sustainable Solutions to impose requirements that promote sustainable develop ment. One way they can do so is through service production. Waste management, for ex ample, is one area where they can be involved in and contri bute to the development of green technology. ”In addition, municipalities also have an important role to play as a political arena for dia logue that can help promote changes in consumption and production behaviour,” Wenster adds. Moreover, municipalities and county councils can quickly and concretely contribute to sustai nable development through pu blic procurement. Public pro curement comprises approximately 25 per cent of Sweden’s GNP. By including not only environmental requi rements in procurement pro cesses, but also social and ethi cal criteria, they can influence not only the business world’s work in support of sustainable development, but also ordinary people’s ability to choose sus tainable solutions. ”Environmental, social and ethical requirements can be in cluded in everything,” Wenster believes. Tougher requirements in connection with public pro curement in Sweden also have a follow-on effect on sustainable development far beyond its bor ders. ”Because a lot of the goods we procure are imported, even producers who are located far from Sweden are encouraged to improve their efforts in support of sustainable development,” Wenster explains. Wenster believes that work to promote sustainable develop ment is conducted in a kind of symbiosis with Swedish busi ness. Large companies have the ability to invest resources in the long-term development of pro ducts and solutions that pro mote sustainable development. That said, the business commu nity also needs to be spurred to action. Municipalities can be involved and influence develop ment work by refusing to satis fy themselves with existing products and solutions, asking instead for new, innovative op tions. ”The Swedish public sector is an important customer and bu siness will produce the pro ducts and services its custo mers demand,” Wenster concludes. 83 Kindergarten in China inspired by Swedish model Outside Shijiazhuang south-west of Beijing in China, a private industry group led by the car company Hebei Ronghua Dongfeng has joined forces to build a preschool for up to 550 children. Text: Gunnar Andersson T he preschool can accom modate around fifty children overnight for parents working in another town or on night shift. Two of the buildings are dorms for both children and teachers. There will also be four compul sory school classes in the area. 84 Even in Chinese terms, this is a large preschool. Even so, the size of the indi vidual children’s groups will be smaller than in Sweden and staffing levels higher. The industry group hired Swedish technology consultan cy Sweco to design and build the preschool. There is an ideo logy behind the basic idea for the project, according to Jonas Kjellander, project architect at Sweco. ”It is about instilling an ob vious and concrete sustainable approach in these young child ren. This has far greater and Sustainable Solutions more long-term importance than the measurable effects on the environment and energy consumption in this particular facility. So the design should also present a sustainable ap proach in as clear and educa tional manner as possible,” he says. Local conditions also sup ported taking an ecological approach for the pre-school. Transportation options to the site 20 minutes outside the city of Shijiazhuang are limited. ”On the positive side, this also means that there is room for local energy solutions, such as geothermal, solar and the production of biogas from the school’s own waste. There are also plans to have small scale animal farming and the roofs are mostly grass- covered,” explains Jonas Kjellander. In general, a balance has been found between technical solutions and local building ex pertise and tradition. For example, the small-scale biogas production is a simple Sustainable Solutions and proven local technology. However, some technical solu tions have been brought in from Sweden. ”Geothermal heat using boreholes is a typical Swedish technology applied here locally and using storm water, grey water, and sewage are also typical Swedish solutions,” says Jonas Kjellander. The goal is a preschool set ting achieving an international standard that is adapted to a school with high educational aspirations. This approach can make Xian Xian preschool a leading model in the development of kindergartens in China. Sweco has taken inspiration and ideas for the pre-school project from different places. ”We have taken inspiration from previous projects where we have expanded on some ba sic concepts. We have also been inspired by the Reggio Emilia educational philosophy. In ad dition, we draw on local buil ding traditions, such as the open-air, fully enclosed court yards on a small scale,” says Jonas Kjellander. The preschool has two of these courtyards enclosed by one-storey buildings, even though the school is predomi nantly built two to three floors high. ”The façade is characterized by walls of natural stone, which is traditionally used in local buildings and landsca ping. Farming terraces in the area already use local stone material,” he says. The complex is about 15,000 square metres, and includes accommodations for staff and children, an indoor swimming pool, conference and research facilities, and office space. The property is mostly mountainous terrain, with up to 60 metres height difference across approximately 11 hecta res (27 acres). Construction of the pres chool is in full swing. The basic building and the first phase should be completed by the end of the year. 85 From TV personality to sustainability manager Her goal was to work at a publicly traded, international company doing what is personally important to her. As Sustainability Manager at technology consulting firm ÅF, Alice Bah Kuhnke has finally found the perfect job for her. Text: Mikael Söderlind A lthough it has been more than a decade since Alice Bah Kuhnke left her career in television, it is impossible to ignore the fact that she is still best known for her work on the children’s pro gramme Disney Club and her own acclaimed talk show Alice Bah. One hundred and fifty episodes of Alice Bah were broadcast in 1998 and 1999 before gave up working in tele vision. 86 Much has happened since then, and Alice’s focus is now on sustainability issues. In fact, as Sustainability Manager at technology consulting com pany ÅF, she now devotes all her time to this cause. She does not miss working in TV. From Alice’s perspective, her TV job was just one amongst many she has had. While it taught her a lot, she has not desire to pursue it further. Her commit ment to the environment and sustainability are all too im portant, and these types of is sues have always had a place in her life since childhood. ”I was lucky to have parents who made sure I understood that the world was bigger than our little village in the heart of the Swedish province of Små land and that – as someone who had everything in the way of peace, freedom, food on the table and a roof over my head – I had a responsibility toward Sustainable Solutions Sustainable Solutions 87 the world in general and, more specifically, to those who have so much less.” Before becoming Sustainabi lity Manager at ÅF, Alice also served as Operations Manager for the Idéer för Livet (Ideas for Life) foundation started by Skandia, Secretary General of the Rättvisemärkt organisa tion (now Fairtrade) and Di rector of the think tank Sek tor3. She describes her time at Rättvisemärkt as wonderful and dynamic and says that she came into her own in working to engage, build up and rally support. Even so, she has diffi culty saying whether she is able to influence sustainable development more now than she could then. ”My current job at ÅF is so much more difficult and the circumstances are so very much more complex. It’s a pu blicly traded company with many influential stakeholders – not least of all the owners – who want a return on their in vestments. It is an organisa tion made up of people from many parts of the world with different corporate cultures. Everything is more difficult and therefore – from my per spective – also much more fun. I honestly don’t know at which of these two places I have made the most difference. They can’t be compared, but I do know that I should be here at ÅF right now.” Even before Alice began working as Sustainability Ma nager at ÅF, she had decided that she wanted to work at a publicly traded, international company. She had lots of diffe rent plans, but ultimately cho se to take the job at ÅF. ”When ÅF offered me the job, I was thrilled to have the chance to work at an organisa tion with thousands of talen ted engineers who daily work to solve problems for every possible type of company all over the world. It is a dream come true for anyone wanting to work in support of a more sustainable world. Name a challenge, we have it!” A typical workday begins no later than 6 AM. Alice is at the top of her game between 6 AM and 9 AM, when she solves all the major problems. This is the time of day when all things are possible, as she puts it. Next come a lot of short meetings and replying to e-mail. She also spends a lot of time esta blishing and developing the company’s processes and pro cedures so that they meet the sustainability requirements the company wants to achieve. Her duties also include train ing staff, reporting to the company’s owners and sup porting the organisation in its everyday work. Alice is upfront about the fact that the ÅF Group prima rily works with sustainability in order to make money and not just because it looks good in the public eye, which might be a sensitive issue in some cases. ”We can’t spend our time doing something that doesn’t make money. It’s simply not possible. But it would be insa ne to do these things just be cause it gives good PR – surely there have to be cheaper ways to build a good profile.” When asked if she herself is living a life that could be con sidered sustainable, she rep lies: ”To a certain extent, but you can always do more. But I have a biogas car, I use the train, I actively choose the type of electricity I buy, I eat lots of fish and I make other active choices with sustainability in mind.” Facts about Alice Bah Kuhnke 3 Born: 1971 in Malmö, Sweden 3 Home town: Horda in the Swedish province of Småland 3 Currently lives in: Nacka, Sweden (just outside Stockholm) 3 Family: Husband and three children 3 Education: Degree in Political Science 3 P rofessional career: TV host, Operations Manager for the Idéer för Livet foundation at Skandia, General Secretary at Rättvisemärkt (now Fairtrade), Director of Sektor3 3 Current position: Sustainability Manager at technology consulting firm ÅF 3 O ther: Serves on the boards of Doberman, the Royal Dramatic Theatre and other organisations. Has been elected to the assembly of the Church of Sweden. 88 Sustainable Solutions GUEST COLUMNIST: SUNITA NARAIN COMMENTS ON SUSTAINABLE I NNOVATIONS OR NOT: Flush and Forget – not the way to the future O ur cities must re-invent and re-work the met hods and technologies of conveying water and dispo sing of waste. This system of water-waste management, first invented in the water-and-mo ney-rich industrialised world and imitated mindlessly here, can work well only for some. We know India is urbanising fast, literally exploding at the seams. Currently, some 340 million people live in cities; by 2030, as estimated, this num ber will double. Such impinges directly on water use and was te discharge. At the same time, even by 2030, as much as 60 per cent of Indians will conti nue to live in rural areas. They will continue to depend on agriculture. How, then, will the water be shared? Life is about re-inventing the water-to-water cycle. It would not be wrong to say the technology of toilets—an equipment to handle human excreta in a safe and hygienic manner—has been the least re searched in the world. But we are not learning lessons from cases where sewage systems are failing to keep up with the excreta challenge. The problem is the current sewage collec tion and conveyance paradigm Sustainable Solutions is based on centralised sys tems. These rely on using a lar ge quantity of clean surface water to transport a small amount of human excreta th rough expensive sewer lines to an expensive sewage treatment facility, which cannot cope with the amount of waste ge nerated and releases it untrea ted into the environment. In this way, this system has beco me part of the environmental problem and not the solution. Toilets need to be re-engine ered, so that they are afforda ble and can function to reuse and recycle the excreta genera ted. This is a technology chal lenge we have to work on, using the most advanced sci ence and the most traditional knowledge. We know frontier technologies for toilets exist in space programmes. We also know traditional water sys tems were engineered in our villages to optimise use of scar ce resources. We need the inge nuity of science to take us to the next generation of sanita tion technologies. But all this requires a major change in mindset so that the rich cities of poor India find innovative answers in their water and excreta manage ment. Modern technologies for cleaning waste are out of the fi nancial reach of the waste-ac cumulating societies of the po orer world. They are too expensive to install and even more expensive to run. It is here that the challenge lies: to reinvent the paradigm of waste treatment by reinven ting the paradigm of waste ge neration itself. Cities must look at their waste economy and invest in reuse. For instan ce, Singapore uses expensive membrane technology that completely cleans up wastewa ter, making it potable new wa ter. This is at the expensive end. The other alternative is our cities leapfrog to minimise on generating waste or ensure the waste is segregated—hous ehold waste from industrial waste—so that what is relati vely less toxic can be cleaned up and then used to recharge groundwater or irrigate fields. This is the win-win formula for the future. 89 SSG makes sustainability a standard Developing common standards within industry leads to greater availability, operational reliability, personal safety and thus also increased sustainability. SSG Standard Solutions Group has so far drawn up more than 450 technical standards. “W hatever the area in which we produce a stan dard, the key is to achieve ener gy efficiencies and use as few resources as possible in pro duction,” explains Jonas Berg gren, CEO of SSG Standard So lutions Group AB, and continues: “Our owners and customers have amassed enormous expe rience in making investments. Our task at SSG is to refine that knowledge and transfer it into standards that can be used to support procurement, plan ning and design,” says Jonas Berggren. Where there have previously been a number of different standards – since manufactu rers have been able to set their own – it has been difficult to compare and contrast products with each other. SSG’s stan dards have enabled the indu stry to put pressure on suppli ers more easily. Those who want a chance in the procurement process need to meet the requirements set. 90 “And here it is important to stress how significant the con cepts of sustainability and life cycle economy are. Whatever the area in which we produce a standard, the emphasis is on meeting a need, but naturally with an eye on creating energy efficiencies and using as few resources as possible in the production process. In addi tion, the number of stock items can be reduced. In other words, common standards are a key stop on the necessary road towards increased sustainabili ty,” says Berggren. Facts: SSG 3 SSG is owned by the seven biggest forest industries in Sweden and the company’s services are used by se veral of the large industries in Euro pe, such as Akzo Nobel, Atlas Cop co, Billerud, Boliden, Borealis, Holmen, Korsnäs, LKAB, Mondi, M-real, Northland Resources, Ny nas, Outokumpu, Perstorp, Sandvik, SCA, Scania, Shell, Siemens, Smur fit Kappa, SSAB, Stora Enso, Södra and Vattenfall. Sustainable Solutions Safer life for the contractor L aunched five years ago, SSG Entre – interactive safety training for indu stry contractors – is taking Nordic industry by storm. SSG Entre is helping to make major savings out at the industrial facilities, while also ensuring safer workplaces. SSG Entre continues to grow and is now well on its way to becoming an industry stan Sustainable Solutions dard. At the current time, 129 of Sweden’s industrial plants require their contractors to have completed the SSG Entre Basic Training Course and to be equipped with an Entre passport. Almost 90,000 contractors have been approved since the start in late 2006. SSG has also devloped an interactive, web-based envi ronmental training course adapted for and aimed at all personnel in the forest indu stry. It is called SSG Personal En vironmental Certificate. The purpose of the course is, at a low cost, to give all employees a basic level of environmental knowledge as well as an in sight into the environmental effects of the plant’s activities. 91 Sweden in action Environmental technology is an industry undergoing brisk development both in Sweden and globally. At many locations all over Sweden new innovations are being created, technical solutions are being deve loped and smart systems are being packaged. We are here offering a selection of what is taking place in the environmental-technology industry in Sweden. 92 Sustainable Solutions FOCUS ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY Momentum is a company that sells building sys tems that handle the control of energy expen diture and reporting in a simple and user friend ly way. The system provides answers to questions such as which properties have the highest consumption per square meter and the consumption l this year compared to last year. Property managers, controllers and finance ma nagers can themselves produce expense reports and make comparisons between different buil dings. The system also allows benchmarking between the various real estate compa nies in the market. President and owner of the company is Bengt Ostling and the company is headquartered in Falun. www.momentum.se HYPER BUS Hyper Bus stands for Hybrid and Plug-in Ex tended Range Bus system. It’s about a concept with entirely new technology that allows the plug-in hybrid to run on battery power longer than earlier models, and about charging sta tions where it can recharge its batteries in just a few minutes while waiting at the end of the line. It can be divided into four sub-areas; • demonstration of plug-in technology for hybrid buses • rapid-charge stations • tests in real city environments on existing bus routes, and the publication of results and eperiences from the project. Business Region Göteborg, Göteborg Energi, City of Gothenburg Traffic & Public Transport Authority, Volvo Buses and Västtrafik are be hind the demonstration project. Hyper Bus re ceives EU funding through the Life+ program. www.hyperbus.se GREEN CHEMISTRY The Gothenburg region is the hub for the che mical and petrochemical industry in Sweden. It includes the refining industry gathering the full national production of transportation fuels. Large investments have improved competitive ness, increased exports and developed a strong er contribution to a more sustainable society. The companies in the Chemical Cluster has joi ned together in a shared vision “In 2030 Ste nungsund industry park will be the hub for the manufacturing of sustainable products within the Swedish chemical industry” This includes a Sustainable Solutions major shift towards renewable feedstock’s and energy suppliers, continued product develop ment towards sustainable applications and a step change in energy efficiency and integra tion. The operations are based on renewable feedstock and energy, contributing towards a sustainable society. An important focus is strengthening the network between industry, society, and research. CLIMATE SMART CITY D ISTRIBUTION This is an initiative to develop more efficient and climate-friendly solutions for city distribu tion. The aim is to cut the emissions of greenhouse gases from freight transports within the city of Göteborg’s environmental zone by 50 percent. Freight delivery companies, vehicle manufactu rers, fuel suppliers and governmental organiza tions demonstrate the potential of new and ex isting technology, renewable fuel use and freight transport coordination. Focus areas for Climate Smart City Distribu tion: • More efficient city distribution • Renewable fuels • Energy-efficient vehicles Another important goal is forming a model that could be exported to urban areas around the world, dealing with the challenges of an expanding transport sector. www.klimatsmartcitydistribution.se FLEXIFUEL DEMONSTRATION PLANT In Kalmar you find a demonstration plant for a combination of heating systems with new tech nology, where different system concepts and control strategies are measured and evaluated. The plant contains solar panels, air / water heat pumps, geothermal heat pump, pellet boilers and storage tanks for low-and high-grade heat. 93 In a web-based control and data system, the per formance of various components is being deter mined individually. The plant heats an industri al building with a maximum power demand of 120 kW. The plant is operated by Euronom AB. www.euronom.se KVILLEBÄCKEN In Kvillebäcken an entirely new district will be built – the first to be built by the new environ mental standards set by the City of Gothenburg. Besides being an attractive area meeting resi dential, commercial and recreational needs, the New Kvillebäcken is also meant to provide an innovation platform and a test bed for new technology solutions in practice. Kvillebäcken will become a showcase for applied technologi es and smart solutions in a vibrant urban envi ronment. It also provides opportunities to de monstrate how environmental technologies can be integrated into the urban planning process. The new district will serve as a demo site where the co-operating companies together can new develop new solutions and this altogether will attract new clean tech companies to the Goth enburg region. DISTRICT HEATING MOSKOGEN CHP plant Moskogen produces district heating for Kalmar city and suburbs as well as renewa ble electricity equivalent to 1/3 of Kalmar’s electricity needs. The plant is fed with biomass 94 from the forest in the form of wood chips, bark and residues from forestry and wood industries as well as a small amount of peat. In a CHP plant electricity and heat are produ ced. In this way the energy content of the fuel is better utilized. The CHP plant resembles a giant pressure boiler, where steam from boiling water runs turbines, which in turn are running gene rators that produce electricity for transport into the electricity network. The residual heat of the steam is transferred to the district heating sys tem, which in turn heats our homes and hot wa ter in the taps. The heat is passed to customers through insulated pipes buried in the ground. CHP is both more efficient and more environ mentally friendly than many other ways to produce electricity and heat. www.kalmarenergi.se THE ICE ARENA HEATS THE SWIMMING POOL Arena Oskarshamn consists of an ice rink, gym and office space, swimming pool, leisure pool, café facilities and an outdoor artificial frozen bandy rink that in summertime is the football field with artificial turf. The fact that everything is located in the same place means that the condenser heat from coo lers for the ice rink and bandy rink can be used to heat the entire facility – the pool water in the three basins, air, and almost all tap water - in hockey and bandy season. One of the coolers is Sustainable Solutions also used as a heat pump when the bandy rink is not in active mode and heats the domestic hot water, bathing water and the water for heating the premises of the plant. The heat in the shower water is utilized in a heat exchanger before the water goes into the sewer system and heats so incoming water in a first step. The heating system is also connected to the district heating in Oskarshamn in order to be able to buy the heat if necessary. ” Currently, we saved about 1 000 000 kWh per year. That means a reduced carbon dioxide emission by more than 600 tons per year” says Olof Eriksson, Plant Manager Arena Oskars hamn. Wetland Park – For a cleaner Baltic Sea When arriving at Kalmar city from the south entrance you can see the Wetland Park Kalmar Dämme, a constructed wetland of great natural beauty. The facility with low-tech purification methods includes several basins that are drow ned by Törnebybäckens water, a creek loaded with nutrients from the airport and from far ming. The wetland park reduces nitrogen and phosphorus that otherwise would have been ad ded to the Baltic Sea. Kalmar Airport is a supplier of nitrogen from urea which is used to keep the runways free from ice. Farmers in the area also add a significant pro portion of nutrients into Törnebybäckens water. Thanks to the plant, the water is largely puri fied. In connection with the construction of Kal mar Dämme an accessible area for recreation was created, that provided a very good develop ment of a rich flora and fauna of the wetland de pendent species in favour. It is nature’s own cleaning system, where se ries of natural processes occur that reduce ni trogen and phosphorus. Kalmar Dämme has a Sustainable Solutions total water area of about 18 hectares. Vatten och Samhällsteknik AB has developed the basic concept, engineering consultancy, en vironmental impact assessment and project planning. Read more at www.vosteknik.se Rapid Chargeable Electric Buses Hybricon offers the world’s first Rapid Charge able Electric Buses with unlimited range and built for the Nordic winter climate. A public transportation system with CO2-zero driving, noise reduction. The Ultra Rapid Charging sta tions with slide-in charging technology offers a high efficient, sustainable and energy saving model for tomorrow’s city buses today. www.hybricon.se Energy effective aerators Sorubin sells energy effective aerators for the water utilities and process industries. Custo mers make substantial electricity savings in an energy intense industry. An experienced mana gement team leads the way to continued growth in Sweden and abroad on a 5bn market. Sorubin has issued new shares yearly and went public 2012. www.sorubin.com 95 BUILDING SUSTAINABLE CITIES Umeå have created a sustainable city in close collaboration with two universities and the bu siness world. Kompetensspridning i Umeå AB was therefore founded with the purpose to ex port the knowledge of building sustainable ci ties. Kompetensspridning i Umeå AB is happy to share the experience with technical visits, education, trainee and feasibility studies. www.technicalvisitsumea.se DISTRICT ENERGY Mittel Fjärrvärme is specialised in building and maintaining qualitative systems for district ener gy. Mittel’s unique and patented Mittel TSC sys tem is an advanced method for case jointing of pre-insulated pipes with welding sleeves that makes the joints as strong and durable as the pi pes. Joints often corrode, resulting in huge ener gy losses and expensive repairs, but with Mittel TSC this can be kept at a minimum. Mittel con tributes to higher quality district energy systems, energy savings and reduced CO2 emissions. www.mittel.se THE INTERACTIVE RECYCLING ROOM A monitor is placed in the local recycling room to give information about how to recycle, to dis play the total amount of recycled waste and how this can be used to create new products. With help of IT the dull recycling room is turned into a more interesting place that motivates people to recycle more. www.faltcom.se 96 A FAN THAT QUIETS ITSELF Did you know that even extremely low decibel levels can result in hearing damage? The com pany RotoSub has an exciting invention that changes the sound picture radically. Their tech nology makes it possible for fans and turbines to silence themselves. RotoSub was founded in 2004 with a clear target: create a new market based on their own invention. In brief, their smart invention means that noise from fans and turbines can be signifi cantly reduced. This is interesting in many con texts, such as aircraft engines, ventilation drums or gas turbines. Lars Strömbäck founded and runs the compa ny together with Mårten Oretorp. The patented RotoSub technology has a fun ction that allows a fan or turbine to act as a loudspeaker. This function can be used to create very high sound pressure at low frequencies This has particular interest in the processing industry where products need to be massaged or shaken by sound. “An anti-sound is then created, which Sustainable Solutions bsorbs the noise. The advantage is that no a extra components are needed — the fan or tur bine quiets itself. The technology also facilitates use of more efficient fan solutions with greater effectiveness, without the sound problems that are otherwise associated,” Lars explains. AIR FILTER SAVES ENERGY The times are very good for Dinair. Their new air filter has increased sales by 30 per cent. Customers find it appealing that the filter is en vironmentally sound – but also that it lowers energy costs. Fredrik Särnehed is CEO and part owner of Dinair together with Patrik Ödling. Dinair’s ne west product is the GreenFlo filter, made from more than 50 percent PLA fibres rather than petroleum-based fibres. PLA is short for poly lactide and is produced from lactic acid extrac ted from corn starch or plant residue. Air flows very easily through the filter, which means that energy consumption in a ventilation system can be reduced by up to 20 percent. “Our primary market so far is in Scandinavia. The plan is that our production unit in Riga will become a bridgehead to Eastern Europe and Russia. All markets with a climate like Scandi navia require ventilation with heat recycling. The need for our filter products will increase strongly in these markets in the years ahead,” says Fredrik Särnehed. It all started two years ago, when Kristian Er iksson and Erik Lindén took the big step of star ting their own business, Enbio. Now these two young entrepreneurs are eager to succeed in the business world. Through software support, En bio works with customers looking for quality, economical biofuel and biomass — a completely new and unique service. They are currently as sisting a number of district heating plants from north to south with fuel acquisition. The custo mers have established specific requirements of quality and price for fuel selection. Enbio’s mis sion is to serve as a kind of procurement sup port, making sure the customers find what they are looking for. Enbio operate primarily in Öst ergötland, which is a region where a strong knowledge base has developed in biofuel and biomass, with Holmen Paper, E.ON in Norrkö ping and Tekniska Verken in Linköping. SOFTWARE PROVIDES BIOFUEL Two young, hungry entrepreneurs have taken a great leap into the biofuel arena. With a new kind of software they help their customers iden tify the best, most economical biofuels. Sustainable Solutions 97 FRESH AIR Air Star produces and sells ventilation units to improve the indoor climate and reduce energy costs. The ventilation units are based on tried and tested technology that has been developed using new innovations. Supply and exhaust air alternate every 30 seconds; the heat in the ex haust air is recycled in a heat exchanger and then reused in the supply air. The units also have an additional heating function, which me ans they don’t only provide ventilation, but also heat. They also have dust and particle filters that clean the air. The basic principle is that a venti lation unit takes care of a room’s ventilation and heating; each unit has a capacity of around 20–35 sq. m. of living space, depending on the model. http://airstar.se TORREFIED FORESTRY WASTE By roasting biomass, the company BioEndev has managed to produce a new type of energy raw material – a powder, a kind of ”green coal”, which has a high energy content and can be used both for heating/electricity generation and for future production of chemicals and fuels, as it can be refined into biosynthetic gas. The technique behind the roasted and powde red biomass is called torrefaction. This involves roasting biomass - wood from forestry thinning out and clearing operations, for example - at 250-300 degrees in the absence of oxygen. The torrefied product has a high specific energy con tent and can be easily and cheaply ground into powder. It is particularly cheap when compared to traditional biomass. www.bioendev.se WATER TREATMENT The patented solution, Järven Ecotech floating baffles/walls, is a cost effective and natural way to treat surface water in the recipient. Järven Ecotech floating baffles/walls are an alternative to surface water basins and sedimen tation tanks, and they melt naturally into the surroundings and efficiently clean surface water with the help of nature. The solution is based on Järven’s tried and tested float walls, which di rect the surface water through a natural purifi cation process. Surface water purification with Järven Ecotech does not require any land and it can be adapted for construction alongside mari nas, bridges, gangways etc. www.jarven.se SYNTHESIS GAS FROM BIOMASS The Swedish clean-tech company, Cortus, has succeeded for the first time, in a 500 kW gasifi cation plant, to produce synthesis gas from bio mass without traces of hydrocarbons. It has previously not been possible to produce completely pure biogas from biomass without generating impurities of hydrocarbons. This has been a problem for both producers and users of biogas. ”With a synthesis gas, free of hydrocarbons from biomass gasification, new opportunities open to produce bio-based chemicals and fuels in conventional synthesis processes with a much simpler, and therefore cheaper, initial gas-clea ning system,” says Klas Engvall, professor in Chemical Engineering at KTH, The Royal Insti tute of Technology in Stockholm. ”Our test results are extremely encouraging. Producing syngas from biomass without any traces of hydrocarbons, even methane, is unique. We have shown that the process can deliver the gas composition that has previously only been seen in theory. This is great news,” says Rolf Ljunggren, CEO of Cortus AB. www.cortus.se YOU ARE WE. Cleantech is the name weâ€™ve given to solutions and products that are conducive to a sustainable society and a better environment. At ssg, we work on the industrial aspects of a number of projects and ideas that lie at the cutting edge of development. MEET Us AT sPCI 2011 â€“ sTAnd A21:20. WWW.ssG.sE Everything we do is aimed at reducing environmental impact and the waste of resources. Our unique services help to optimise resources and this in turn leads to more efficient production. Together we can make things greener. WE ARE ALL TOGETHER.