Valley Farmer - Spring Edition
Spring Farm Stories
A special supplement to the Daily Sun News and Sun News Shopper • March 19, 2013 NEWS ‘toDay’S local newS toDay’ DAILY SUN 2 - Daily Sun News Timing key to fight powdery mildew by Laura Gjovaag Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 PROSSER – Michelle Moyer, viticulture specialist at WSU Extension, told attendees at the March grape fieldman’s breakfast at Café Villa in Prosser that they need to be concerned about the sexual habits of powdery mildew. “When it overwinters, it finds a partner, puts on a little Marvin Gaye music and reproduces little cleistothecia,” she joked, before describing how spores burrow into tiny crevasses in the bark of grape vines to wait for the perfect conditions in which to spread. Powdery mildew is not a new disease for grapevines, but it is a persistent one that develops over two years, so a year without preventative measures can result in an outbreak the next year. Moyer said the traditional way to deal with the fungus is by applying sulfur. But to get into the cracks in the bark that the spores are hidden in takes a lot of work and a lot of water. Fortunately, there are other methods to control and contain the mildew, some of which are being tested further by WSU Extension. One factor that’s been determined is the timing of preventative methods. “Powdery mildew is kind of a fair weather beast,” Moyer told the group, describing the ideal temperature as over 50 degrees but not too hot or sunny. A couple of recent years with ideal weather meant many area grape growers saw infections in their vineyards. Because the mildew easily dies in direct sunlight, it generally doesn’t spread very well across rows unless there is a strong wind. In addition, the spore needs to land on green and growing areas of the plant to latch on, so if the plant is past certain growing stages, it’s no longer susceptible to the mildew. Applying preventative measures before or when the weather is ideal and at times the plant is susceptible means the farmer can use less fungicide and doesn’t have to apply as frequently. “The methods for controlling this mildew were calendar-based 100 years ago,” said Moyer. “Then we moved to waiting for the right conditions. Now we know a combination of the two methods is more effective.” Moyer also mentioned that fungi like powdery mildew need to have a healthy host in order to thrive. “Humans are most susceptible when we are weak,” she said. “This is a different type of pathogen. It does not want a stressed plant. It’s very sensitive to the moods of the host.” This means that the fungus will prefer to attack a plant that is young and healthy. Moyer also told the group that WSU Extension has been working on a method of leaf removal combined with fungicide that is showing a lot of promise, but requires another year of testing before it can be announced. Moyer said that powdery mildew isn’t a new problem, but methods for dealing with it have advanced. “We’ve known how to deal with it for more than 100 years,” said Laura Gjovaag/Daily Sun News Michelle Moyer of WSU Extension lets grape growers know that an updated guide for pest management in grapes is available at the WSU Extension website at http://extension.wsu.edu. Moyer. “But our standards are higher now.” WSU Extension also has updated its pest management guide for grapes in Washington. Moyer had a copy of the guide to show and told attendees they could order a copy or download a PDF version online at the WSU Extension website at http://extension.wsu.edu. ‑ Laura Gjovaag can be contacted at 509-837-4500, or email LGjovaag@ DailySunNews.com Advertiser's Index 2nd Harvest___________________________ B-6 ACE Hardware, Sunnyside_______________C-3 ACE Hardware, Grandview_ _______________7 All West Select Sires______________________2 Argus Insurance, Inc._ ____________________3 Ben Sartin - State Farm Insurance_ _________12 Benton REA_ _________________________ B-3 Bickleton’s Market Street Café____________ B-4 Bleyhl Country Store_ ____________________8 Bleyhl Petroleum_ _______________________3 Blueline Equipment Company, Inc._ _________ 6 Bos Refrigeration Inc.___________________C-2 Central Machinery Sales Inc.______________12 Cliff’s Septic Service_ ____________________ 4 Columbia Bank_________________________11 Columbia River Steel & Construction_ ______11 Commercial Tire_______________________ B-3 Davis Pumps & Electric Motors Inc._ ______C-5 Deon Herndon, ARA____________________C-2 Empire Heavy Equipment Repair____________9 Farmers Equipment Company_ _______ 14, B-11 Golden West Seed Co._ ________________ B-10 Grandview Lumber____________________ B-10 Husch & Husch Fertilizer & Chemicals_____ B-6 Ideal Lumber & Hardware Supply, Inc.______15 Irrigation Specialists____________________C-2 K&U Auto Parts________________________13 Les Schwab Tire Center_ _________________ 16 Lower Valley Machine Shop, Inc._ __________15 LTI Inc.________________________________5 Marchant Home Furnishings_ _______________9 Merit Resource Services_________________C-5 Mountain View Equipment Company_____ B-11 Natural Selection Farms Inc._ _____________ B-7 Northwest Ag Plastics Inc._________________7 Owens Cycle Inc._ _________________ B-5, C-3 Oxarc_______________________________ B-13 Pacific Steel & Recycling________________ B-7 Papa Murphy’s_ ________________________10 Port of Sunnyside_____________________ B-16 RDO Equipment Co.___________________ B-15 R.E. Powell Distributing Co._ _____________10 R.H. Smith Distributing Co., Inc.__________ B-5 Robinson Drilling & Development, Inc.____ B-10 Sage Bluff Alpacas______________________13 Silbury Hill Alpacas____________________ B-4 Silk Road Solar________________________C-2 Speck Motors_ _______________________ B-10 Sunnyside Physical & Sports Therapy________7 Sunnyside Physical Therapy Services______ B-8 Sunnyside Community Hospital___________C-5 SS Equipment_________________________ C-4 Sunnyside Dairy, LLC_ ___________________ 6 Sunnyside Glass_ ______________________C-7 Sunnyside New Holland, LLC____________ B-9 Sunnyside Tire Factory_________________ B-14 Toppenish Livestock Commission_________ B-7 Valley Auto Parts_ _____________________ B-10 Valmont Northwest Inc._ ________________C-8 Van Belle Excavating, LLC_ ______________12 Western Stockmen’s___________________ B-14 Wilbur Ellis_____________________________5 Yakima Specialties, Inc._________________ B-8 Yakima Valley Fair & Rodeo_ ____________ B-5 Technician Service, Linear Evaluations, Reproductive Consulting and Breed Leading Beef and Dairy Genetics YOUR SUCCESS Our Passion Alan Yost 509‐546‐7855 Bill Van de Graaf 509‐840‐2868 P.O. Box 507 • Burlington, WA 98233 • 1‐800‐426‐2697 www.allwestselectsires.com email@example.com March 19, 2013 PROSSER – Washington State University experts offers a web site for agricultural industry professionals called the Irrigated Agriculture Information Service. The site is at http://extension.wsu.edu/irrigatedag and is designed to provide users with a customizable source of timely irrigation information. The service is completely free and was developed by a team of WSU Extension irrigation and agronomy experts. The system is based on a user-defined set of interests. Users are then emailed alerts and other information based on their customizable preferences. The system is currently equipped with more than 35 topic areas, from apples and cattle production to drip irrigation and wine grape growing. Once users create an account and set up topic preferences, they can log back in at any time and change their information preferences. “We want to provide members of the irrigated agriculture industry with only the information they want, when and where they need it,” said Andy McGuire, a WSU Extension educator based in Grant County. “We want to get research results and other information out as quickly as possible to those that use it on a daily basis.” WSU Extension offers irrigation information service Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - 3 McGuire says the program is also cost effective. “This system replaces an older print-based information-delivery system,” he explains. “That not only saves money, it expedites the delivery of specific information to specific audiences. Email gives users the ability to receive timely water-management information at home, in the office, or on a smart phone.” Alerts will be topic specific, McGuire said. For instance, WSU’s pest-monitoring team will quickly notify potato growers if crop-damaging insects have been spotted in potato fields. Water management is a key issue faced by all agricultural producers, McGuire said. Properly managing a precious resource potentially affects producers’ economic bottom line. Likewise, good irrigation practices help reduce dust in cities and reduce the loss of valuable soil. Did you know? Washington state is the ninth largest grower of crops in the U.S. Your Full Service Propane, Lubricants & Fuel Professionals Serving Yakima to the Tri-Cities Since 1964. Petroleum Division Manager Claude Zehnder Propane Supervisor Mark Baker bleyhl petroleum 940 E. Wine Country Road • Grandview www.bleyhl.com Call Us Today at 1-800-676-4550 Petroleum Manager Justin Carey COMMERCIAL INDUSTRIAL AGRICULTURAL RESIDENTIAL Office Staff Sonya Cortina & Donna Schmitt Outside Sales Buddy Schembri Outside Sales Doug Creach 4 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 ‘Dairy for Life’ helping lives in the Yakima Valley by John Fannin The Darigold lot in Sunnyside recently saw the circling of the wagons, so to speak. Make that circling of the milk wagons, as six tanker trucks of milk ringed the lot last month to announce Dairy for Life, a push by six local dairies to provide $60,000 for milk purchases benefitting food banks from Pasco to Yakima. “The Dairy for Life program will provide milk for folks that we think need and will appreciate it,” said Bill Wavrin, the Mabton dairy farmer who is one of the participants in the donation effort. Wavrin is also on the board of directors for the Northwest Dairy Association, which owns and operates Darigold. Participants in the program are Wavrin’s Sunny Dene Ranch LLC, DeRuyter Brothers Dairy, Skyridge Farms, deVries Family Dairy, Cow Palace and Sunnyside Dairy. The Dairy for Life idea was sparked last fall. “There was a pent up desire among dairy farm families to build on existing community service activities but until now there really wasn’t a mechanism in place,” explained Wavrin. “Dairy farmers are always thinking of ways to give back to the communities that have supported us. Often when I spoke with neighboring dairy farmers I found we were all looking for a concerted and ongoing effort in this regard.” The dairies came together late last year, and donations followed suit to allow free milk to start flowing to food banks in January of this year. Over the course of 2013, the dairies will commit $60,000 for the purchase of 25,000 gallons of milk to be distributed by Second Harvest. The total represents a year’s supply for those served by food banks. The non-profit is, in turn, getting the milk out to more than 50 food banks, including those in Sunnyside and Grandview. Cassie Hurley is Second Harvest’s development director for the TriCities, and she says many food banks lack sufficient refrigeration space to store large amounts of milk. As a result, her agency regularly distributes the donated milk – provided in gallon jugs - from a distribution center in Pasco. “Second Harvest is great at logistics,” said Wavrin. “They have cold warehouses in Pasco and Spokane and are able to distribute the fresh milk to the food banks.” This isn’t the first time dairies in John Fannin/Daily Sun News this area have partnered with food Dairy representatives Genny DeRuyter and Bill Wavrin display a small sample of their product for banks. KAPP TV’s Eugene Buenaventura while announcing the Dairy for Life program in Sunnyside last see “Dairy” next page month. Quality Portable Toilet and Sewer Services! •Portable Chemical Toilets & Service •Electronic Septic & Pipe Locator Farmers! Call Us First! 6 TRUCKS TO SERVE YOU! Same Day Service Most Cases! •Sewer & Drain Cleaning •Irrigation Lines Rodded New Units In Stock To Meet New Regulations! Cliff’s Septic service Sunnyside 837-2117 • Wapato 877-3365 • Grandview 882-2195 1-800-231-8470 Let us clean & service your chemical toilets on a regular schedule! Serving The Valley Since 1948 March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - 5 Dairy continued from page 4 In 2011 and 2012, local dairy farmers conducted a handful of food drives in Yakima and the Tri-Cities to benefit Second Harvest and other area food banks. Jon Wheeler is dairy manager for Sunnyside Dairy, and he says it’s an honor to serve the community in this way. “I think it’s great that we get to give back,” Wheeler says. “It’s a moral thing to do as a food provider and based on my faith.” The idea of sharing with the community was echoed by Wavrin’s brother, Sid. “Life’s been good to us and it’s good to give back.” Genny DeRuyter of DeRuyter Brothers Dairy pointed out that Dairy for Life will bless the Valley’s future. “We know there are a lot of children who go to school without nourishment,” she said. “This is a way we can help them and give back to the community.” With 2013 already a quarter of the way complete, dairy families are taking a big picture view of Dairy for Life. Their hope is for the program to not just be a one-year effort, but to circle the milk wagons and make this an on-going outreach for years to come. “In this economic crisis there are many people who are food insecure,” says Bill Wavrin. “We’re in the food business. We can help.” - John Fannin can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org or at 837-4500. John Fannin/Daily Sun News Dairy farmers responsible for a $60,000 grant to provide a year’s supply of milk to local food banks include: (L-R) Heather deVries, Tom deVries, Jake DeRuyter, Caitlin DeRuyter, Genny DeRuyter, Bill Wavrin, Jon Wheeler, Lori Wheeler and Sid Wavrin. Proud to Help Local Farms Flourish ! WE’RE “DESIGNED FOR WINE” WE’RE “DESIGNED FOR WINE” WE’RE “DESIGNED FOR WINE” BECAUSE YOUR WINE DESERVES THE BEST. BECAUSE YOUR WINE DESERVES THE BEST. BECAUSE YOUR WINE DESERVES THE BEST. BECAUSE YOUR WINE DESERVES THE BEST. WILBUR ELLIS IDEAS TO GROW WITH Your tree and vine expert Serving your organic and conventional needs for over 50 years. The LTI family would like to thank the Wine makers and Wine Grape Growers of Washington. It is a continuing pleasure to serve you. The LTI family would like to thank the Wine makers and Wine Grape The LTI family would to thank the Wine makers Growers of Washington. It like is a continuing pleasure to serve you. www.shiplynden.com The Lynden Family of Companies and Wine Grape Growers of Washington. The LTI family would like to thank the Wine makers and Wine Grape www.shiplynden.com The Lynden ofserve Companies Innovative multi-modal transportation solutions Growers ofa Washington. It is a continuing pleasure to you. It is continuing pleasure toFamily serve you. Innovative multi-modal transportation solutions www.shiplynden.com 1301 W. Wine Country Rd. Grandview 1-888-596-3361 The Lynden Family of Companies 1-888-596-3361 1-888-596-3361 882-4334 Innovative multi-modal transportation solutions 6 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 WSU team studies how insect spreads crop disease by Rachel Webber PROSSER - Thrips may be tiny, but the insects cause billions of dollars in damage to crops each year, which is why Washington State University is part of a five-year, $3.75 million project to study the insects’ role in virus transmission and strategies for pest management. Specifically, the multi-institutional, multi-disciplinary research team is generating new knowledge on thrips-transmitted tospoviruses - infectious agents that spread and cause damage to a variety of crops, causing them to wilt and eventually die. Tospoviruses also damage the quality of fruits and vegetables produced by their infected plants, said Naidu Rayapati, a researcher at the WSU Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center in Prosser and co-principal investigator on the U.S. Department of Agriculture grant. Before joining WSU in 2004, Rayapati worked with tospoviruses at the University of Georgia and at the nonprofit International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics headquartered in India. “We’d like to study how these viruses spread and contribute to the evolution of new strains,” Rayapati said. “For example, can a single insect acquire and transmit two viruses to the same plant simultaneously?” The project will focus on areas in California and the southeastern U.S. where thrips damage is most severe and causes major crop loss. Rayapati said the team is also interested in understanding how management techniques applied in one region might work in another. “As a team we are bringing different expertise to bear on a common problem,” he said. “We hope to generate appropriate knowledge of thrips and tospoviruses and come up with improved strategies that can really help provide management of thripstransmitted tospoviruses to multiple crops in different regions.” Rayapati is actively recruiting graduate students and undergraduate students, with an emphasis on students from minority communities in the Yakima valley, to begin work on the project for summer and fall 2013. “This project has an extension component in terms of working with the stakeholders to convey science-based information for practical applications, but what we are also focusing on is training the next generation of scientists,” he said. The grant is funded through the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative of the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, with $670,000 allotted to WSU. The collaboration includes entomologists, plant pathologists, molecular breeders and extension faculty from University of photo courtesy WSU Thrips may be small insects, but they are part of a big research effort underway in Prosser. California Davis, Kansas State University, North Carolina State University, Cornell University, University of Georgia and the USDA-Agricultural Research Service U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory. - Rachel Webber is with WSU’s College of Agricultural, Human and Natural Resource Sciences Did you know? Washington state ports are the closest mainland U.S. ports to Asia. In fact, about twothirds of all Washington agricultural exports are destined for Asia. Ships can arrive up to two days sooner in key ports such as Tokyo and Busan. Airfreight can arrive in Beijing in less than 15 hours. See what We support the dedicated, hardworking farmers and ranchers because can do for you serious We’re about Agriculture is the Lifeblood of our Business! Here at Blueline Equipment Company Inc., we specialize in designing and building equipment for the Orchard and Vineyard industry. We also build custom and specialty items unique to your operation that are not currently in production. Milk Happy Cows • Production Efficiency Happy People • Environmental Stewardship Stop by any of our 5 locations and see what Blueline can do for you! www.bluelinemfg.com Our main office is located at 1506 E. Mead ave. UNION GAP, Wa 98903 509-248-8411 Sunnyside 509-839-2066 walla walla 509-525-4550 pasco 509-544-6678 george 509-785-2595 UNION GAP 509-248-8411 March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - 7 Becoming a ‘washivore’ means supporting your local growers by Amber Schlenker Fruits and vegetables are an essential part of a balanced diet. Not to mention, neighbors in Central Washington know that the healthy fruits and veggies they consume are for the most part grown, cultivated and harvested by friends, family and acquaintances in their hometowns. In an effort to spread the news, Washivore. org has dedicated a website to supporting Washington agriculture by listing reasons why one should consume Washingtongrown produce. Washivores, says the website, are those who are dedicated to consuming local products whenever accessible. That may be easier than one thinks, because Washington state ranks 20th of all 50 states when it comes to size, yet the state produces more types of crops than any other state except California. In the production of commodities, including apples, pears, raspberries, cherries, Concord grapes, hops, lentils and spearmint oil, Washington ranks first. A Washivore can also take pride that the local food consumed was most likely produced by family-owned farms. Washivore. org says of the 39,000 farms in Washington, 95 percent are family-owned and operated. In addition to the balanced diets that farms across the state provide, Washington is the only state in the nation that commercially grows super foods like blueberries, blackberries, cranberries and Concord grapes. The state many call home is also the second-largest producer of premium wines in the United States, with more than 740 wineries and 350 wine grape growers. The state’s agricultural industry, worth $38 billion annually according to Washivore. org, contributes 12 percent to the state’s economy and employs 160,000 people. The agricultural industry is also the state’s largest employer. These are just a few of the reasons consumers can and should, according to Washivore. org, continue to eat and buy Washingtongrown produce. ‑ Amber Schlenker can be contacted at 509-837-4500, or email ASchlenker@DailySunNews.com Daily Sun News file photo Workers cut fresh asparagus at a Sunnyside-area farm. G R A N DV I E W 224 Division St. 882-3365 Daily Sun News file photo Asparagus is locally grown, produced and harvested in Washington state, and in Yakima County. These photos depict what many Sunnyside area locals can find freshly cut each spring season. Spring planting doesn’t wait for injuries Recycle Plastic Containers FREE Bring them to us or for large amounts, we can come to you. W We have PAINT and all the tools for your painting project including the barn! Recyclable plastic can include plastic containers that held pesticides, micro-nutrients, adjuvants and cleaners. We also recycle plastic containers from other industries such as golf courses and lawn and tree care companies. orthwest Ag Plastics, Inc. Recyclers hether on the links, in the field or in the office, everyone is an athlete, and injuries can set back your entire team. When injury strikes, see Sunnyside Physical & Sports Therapy for all your therapy needs. S U N N Y S I D E Ag container recycling’s greatest advantages: 509-457-3850 or 509-930-2335 email@example.com • Recycles a product for a second life • Increases grower environmental awareness • Saves growers the costs of landfill ‘tipping’ fees &SPORTS PHYSICAL T H E R A P Y Here to serve you. 1405 East Edison Ave. • Sunnyside Rakes • Hose • Shovels Potting Soil • Fertilizer Gloves • Seeds Hand Tools Hoe • Sprinklers For more info, go to www.nwagplastics.com 837-7400 Factory authorized sales and service center. 8 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 What’s good for California may not be for local cherry growers by John Fannin In 2012 both Washington and California enjoyed banner cherry harvests Only problem is the two states saw their shipments overlap by about three weeks. In other words, the end of California’s cherry growing season extended 22 days into the start of Washington’s. “The more overlap you get it tends to keep labor and prices down,” says Mike Gempler, executive director for the Washington Growers League. “There’s the need for cherry pickers and if there are a lot still in California they’re not up here,” he added. “That’s a big stressor. If the cherries are ready to be picked you have to pick them. They’re very perishable and you have to get them out to market.” Gempler says California’s cherry shipping season generally runs from mid-May to about midJune. Washington’s season starts in June and runs through August. The hope each year, he adds, is that California’s season finishes by July 4, which is prime time for Washington cherries. The issue isn’t that Washington and California overlap – it’s bound to happen given that one state ends DSN 2013 SPRING FARMER ISSUE * ½ page horizontal full color and the other starts in the same month – but it’s the duration of the overlap. That’s according to B.J. Thurlby, president of the Washington State Fruit Commission who, like Gempler, is based in Yakima. The 22-day overlap in 2012, for example, was nearly three times longer than the eight days just the year before. Thurlby said Washington state shipped a bumper crop of 19 million boxes of cherries in 2012, and California enjoyed its second all-time best total of 8.5 million boxes. Because of the extended shared shipping season last year, he notes California purchased less than half of the normal amount of cherries from this area in 2012, a total of 900,000 boxes compared to 2 million in 2011. He adds even with a long crossover season like 2012, there’s still room for optimism. “Pricing wasn’t bad last year, we just had to make sure we had significant promotions elsewhere in the world for our early growers,” Thurlby says. There are other positives for growers here in that he notes Washington cherries are often preferable to consumers. Thurlby says that’s because this state pro- photo courtesy WSU For more than three weeks last year, buyers had their choice of Washington and California cherries hitting the market at the same time. That overlap was nearly three times longer than that experienced in 2011. duces bigger fruit and delivers a standard box that weighs 20 lbs. compared to the 18 lb. boxes of cherries California ships. “There are good sugars in our cherry crop,” Thurlby says. That means a better tasting product at market. see “Cherry growers” next page Bleyhl Country Store Sunnyside * Pasco * Grandview * Zillah * Toppenish Mixed Breed Meat Chicks Sale March 6-30, 2013 We reserve the right to substitute with item of equal or greater value. $ #44444 by special order, including Rhode Island Red, Barred Plymouth Rock & assorted Bantams, mixed ducks & turkey chicks; prices vary by breed Other breeds & pullets available .99 www.bleyhl.com Ea. 10 ½” Reflector, SJTW 8’ Cable #74959610 Instant warmth for poultry & piglets, helps minimize piling Brooder Lamp $ Heat Bulbs ry Poult ins Vitam ock In st Flip Top Chick Feeder #45503023 Hinged top for easy filling; head sized openings minimize feed spills & wasteful scratching Your Choice! 125W or 250W Clear #45504503 #449735042 $ Automatic Waterer 1 99 Ea. 9 99 20 Ga. 1” Mesh 36” x 50’ Poultry Netting Ea. $ $ New Smaller Bags! The Perfect Size For Owners With Only a Few Chickens Grainland 5lb Chick Feed Adult Scratch Grains Cracked Corn 99 Start & Grow Medicated 5Lb Bag Poultry $ 5Lb Bag or Flock Raiser Crumble 2 99 Ea. $ 3 Gal. Plastic #699616 24 $ 99 Ea. 20 Ga. 1” Mesh 72” x 150’ 16 $ #3367211 #3363610 99 Ea. 8499 Ea. $ 4 49 Ea. #4015, #40203553 $ Oyster Shell 5lb Bag #60442 5lb Bag Grit 2 4 Ea. #40203554 99 Ea. #60440 3 99 Ea. $ #40203385 4 99 Ea. March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - 9 Empire Heavy Equipment Repair 3071 E. Edison Avenue • Sunnyside (509) 840-1149 EQUIPMENT SALES & SERVICE photo courtesy WSU Rainier cherries are sweet cherries with creamy-yellow flesh. The Rainier was bred as a cross-pollinator by Harold Fogle, a USDA breeder who worked at the WSU research station in Prosser. The diversity, size and sweetness of this state’s cherry crop is an advantage that helps overcome an overlap between the start of this state’s cherry season and the end of California’s. We come to you l today e o J ll a C an ow he c d h e e s to an ack up b u o y t ge FAST running mobile repair service Cherry growers continued from page 8 Since this state has a longer growing season than California, there is also the ability to sell more fruit later in the summer and in some rare instances early fall. Regardless of whether there is a long or short overlap between Washington and California, the bottom line to finding a good cherry price point, Thurlby notes, is shipping a quality product “If we have the right quality the transition is seamless in prices between their crop and ours,” he says. - John Fannin can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org or at 837-4500. specializing IN Feed Trucks ■ Feed Mixers ■ Forklifts ■ Tractors ■ Loaders ■ Sun rise comes early ... you need a good night’s sleep All forms of farm, dairy & industrial equipment repair Backhoes ■ Semi Trucks ■ Dump Trucks ■ we do it all!! and much more! Free Delivery Set Up and Removal “Just minutes from anywhere.” 509-882-1247 • 1-800-525-4467 Mon-Sat 9-5:30 • Thur ‘til 9 I-82 Exit 73 • Wine Country Road Grandview www.marchanthomefurnishings.com For more information contact: Joel Gonzalez (509) 840-1149 Your local dealer representative 10 - Daily Sun News Peas and grains: a complete package Forage producers get more bang for their buck with a three-way grains and legume blends captured by a stand’s leaf mass and its eventual tonnage at harvest. “We known that the more sunlight a crop captures the higher its yield,” he says adding that stands that exhibit multiple layers or strata of leaves, collecting sunlight on both horizontal and vertical plains, are theoretically more likely to excel at this task than stands relying on single leaf canopies. “This is the premise behind planting grains which grow vertically with legumes that spread horizontally.” Fransen is quick to point out that the candidates for such a blend must be carefully selected for compatibility noting that the density balance between the upper and lower leaf strata must be such that enough light penetrates the upper canopy to sustain growth of the lower ones. This is no simple task and requires of the decision maker an in depth understanding of how each plant functions both individually and as part of a blend. “Only when that person knows exactly how these varieties and genotypes perform can he start putting them together in a systematic way,” he says. “Otherwise he is playing a guessing game.” A nutritional bonus For Fransen the advantages associated with matching the right grains to the right legumes don’t end at more tons of forage per acre. “Each plant contributes to an overall nutritional profile that is hard to beat,” he says adding that this is a classic case of the whole being greater than its individual parts. He cites, as an example, a three way blend involving annual small grains and a compatible pea. “By adding peas to small grains some of the quality parameters are improved,” says Fransen. “For instance your protein should be higher while your percentage of your crude fiber should drop improving the Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 It’s a given that wide open spaces below the leaf canopy lead to less leaf mass at harvest. Now, by combining the growth traits of three distinctly different forages, those yield-robbing gaps, once so common, are finally being filled in. Steve Fransen, WSU forage agronomist, explains that there is a direct correlation between how much sunlight is successfully forage’s overall digestibility.” Tapping the potential One Northwest seed development company that is exploring the potential of small grain and pea blends is Progene LLC of Othello. Over the last decade the company’s research team has been screening grain and pea varieties for compatibility in a three way blend. Owner and plant breeder Kurt Braunwart sees Progene’s efforts broken into two stages. “First, we had to determine which two small grains were most compatible,” he recalls. “Then we had to find a pea that matched the profile of grains we selected.” Even prior to launching their quest for a high performing three way small grain and legume blend Progene’s researchers had discovered that there were definite nutritional advantages to using two small grains over one when compatibility was an established fact. “This was evident when we paired two highly compatible forage grains; EverLeaf 126 oat and Trical Merlin triticale,” says Braunwart. “In our field trials the 126/Merlin blend had the best quality (protein) of any blend and better quality than either 126 oats or Merlin triticale by themselves.” Designer pea While selecting the right forage grains for the three way blend was a relatively straight forward process finding the right pea for the see “Peas and grains” next page nd ma de d fresh. ome bake H e gr 2695 E. Lincoln Ave. Suite A, Sunnyside, WA Open: 11-9 Seven Days a Week We accept Visa, Master Card, Quest Cards & EBT Cards 839-3333 nd ma at . de d fresh. ome bake H e gr Pepperoni Pizza Hawaiian Pizza photo courtesy WSU Large Large Three-way grain blends are offering positive signs for increasing yields for peas and grains. $ 00 5 Three 100% real cheeses with 60 slices of premium pepperoni $ 00 $ Expires 3/28/2013. Not valid with any other offer. Coupons cannot be sold, transferred or duplicated 7 Three 100% real cheeses with Canadian bacon and pineapple Expires 3/28/2013. Not valid with any other offer. Coupons cannot be sold, transferred or duplicated Large Chicken Bacon Artichoke De’lite $ 00 A Powell Christensen Company 9 Grilled chicken, artichoke, herb and cheese blend Stuffed Pizza Any Large Expires 3/28/2013. Not valid with any other offer. Coupons cannot be sold, transferred or duplicated 11 00 Expires 3/28/2013. Not valid with any other offer. Coupons cannot be sold, transferred or duplicated 501 E. Wine Country Rd. Grandview, WA 98930 800-572-9634 Grandview 151 N. Commercial Ave Pasco, WA 99301 509-547-6122 Pasco 69443 Hwy 97 Toppenish, WA 98948 509-865-3415 Toppenish 948 May Street Walla Walla, WA 99362 509-547-6122 Walla Walla 311 West I Street Yakima, WA 98902 509-453-3191 Yakima Call ahead! We’ll have it ready for you! ’t forget to 839-3333 Donof Soda & Cheesy Bread! pick up a 2 Liter at . Ha Ha March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - 11 If you still see us as just a bank, dig a little deeper. Ag Services from Columbia Bank, to help you grow. • • photo courtesy WSU • Operating loans to equipment loans. All your banking needs under one roof. From a safe, stable community bank. WSU forage agronomist Steve Fransen is working on research for higher yield crops. Peas and grains continued from page 10 blend would prove more difficult. “What we had to select from were spring peas that matured too early and fall peas that started too slowly to keep up with the grains,” he says. “Neither type worked well with our oats and triticale.” The researchers at Progene were faced with a serious germplasm issue. “What we needed for our three way blend was a forage pea that performed halfway between the spring and winter varieties and, at the time, it didn’t exist,” recalls. Braunwart “If our three-way blend was to work the way we wanted it to work we had to design one.” Over the next decade Progene’s crop development team engaged in a systematic search for the pea cross that would possess the required traits. “Not only did we need a pea that matched the growth cycles of the grains from planting to forage harvest but we also needed to consider yield and palatability,” says Braunwart. Sunnyside Branch 509-837-3350 2690 E Lincoln Avenue Janice Weets, VP Branch Manager Verden Haddox, VP Commercial Banking Officer ColumbiaBank.com Member FDIC Equal Housing Lender You’ll notice the difference. CRSC Building For Your Future Veldhuis Dairy Barn, Mabton e’re proud of the many new projects we’ve completed in the Lower W Valley. Whether it is a New Processing Plant, Dairy, Christian Center, Manufacturing Plant,Winery, an Alaskan Cannery or your next project, Columbia River Steel is here for you. At Columbia River Steel and Construction we believe that all projects are more than steel, lumber and concrete. Our skilled craftsmen are dedicated to providing the best quality materials and workmanship in the most cost-effective manner. Whether a small addition or a complete new facility, we will work with you to make sure its done right. Columbia River Steel & Construction Helping Build The Local Economy! Blueline Mfg. building next to SunnyView Park on Yakima Valley Highway. Oregon State: CCB#155421 • Agricultural, Commercial and Industrial Buildings. • Pre-Engineered Steel Buildings. • Manufacturing Buildings Locally at our Grandview Plant. #COLUMRS0150Z 813 Wallace Way • Grandview, WA 98930 www.crsconst.com • (509) 882-4680 12 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 Genetically modified foods up for a big fight by Laura Gjovaag Washington State Initiative 522 was submitted to the legislature earlier this year, and if it passes, it would require labeling that indicates whether or not genetic engineering was used to create food products. To say that the idea of requiring this type of labeling has caused a debate would be a vast understatement. Arguments on both sides of the issue are being presented to the legislature and, if Washington lawmakers do not act on the initiative, it will go before the people to be voted on. The text of the initiative describes genetically engineered food as being produced from an organism in which genetic material was changed either through in vitro nucleic acid techniques (altering the organism’s DNA by adding hereditary material prepared outside the organism) or by cell fusion where the donor cells are not within the same taxonomic family. Foods produced through mutagenesis, selective breeding or somaclonal variation (plants produced through tissue cultures) are not included in the definition. The “Yes on I-522” campaign argues that polls show most consumers want genetically modified foods to be labeled, that international trade of food grown in the United States is being threatened due to bans on genetically modified food in other countries and that agriculture resistant to herbicides have meant that more herbicides are applied to crops, potentially damaging soil. Opponents to the initiative argue that the label as required in the initiative doesn’t provide any useful information and amounts to being a scare tactic by implying something is wrong with the foods. It’s also been noted that having a Washington-state-only label will add an unreasonable burden on small- and medium-sized companies that would have to comply with the new law. In addition, United States consumers have been eating foods with genetically modified ingredients in them since 1996 with no documented cases of ill effects. Further, opponents of labeling note that consumers concerned about genetically modified foods can already select food that are certified organic, as that label prohibits genetic modification. A similar proposition in California went before voters in 2012 and lost. Initiative 522 is an initiative to the legislature, which means that if the legislature does not approve it in the current session it will go before voters in the next general election. ‑ Laura Gjovaag can be contacted at 509-837-4500, or email LGjovaag@DailySunNews.com An initiative being considered in the Washington state legislature would require labeling to indicate if a food product contains genetically modified organisms. Proponents say it would give consumers more information while opponents say it is a scare tactic that implies something is wrong with the food. graphic by Job Wise/Daily Sun News Agent Ben Sartin 1112 Yakima Valley Hwy. Sunnyside, WA 98944 Farming. It’s more than a business, 509-837-3800 Se Habla Español IT’S A WAY OF LIFE. • Irrigation Systems • Settling Ponds • Gravel Hauling • Utilities (new & repair) • Concrete/Asphalt Prep • Driveways • Site Prep (prep & removal) (new & resurfacing) Protect your property (trenching, install & repair) with Farm Ranch insurance from State Farm® . For comprehensive coverage on your home, outbuildings, equipment and livestock, contact me today. Proudly serving the Lower Yakima Valley License# VANBEBE919NP KYLE VAN BELLE Available for Sale: Topsoil • Gravel • Landscape Rock 509-781-0551 Like a good neighbor, State Farm is there.® statefarm.com™ State Farm Insurance Companies Home Offices: Bloomington, Illinois Central Machinery Sales Inc. 405 Scoon Rd. • Sunnyside, WA • (509) 837-3833 March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - 13 USDA to survey farmers on planting plans for 2013 by John Fannin Workers are needed to harvest crops and wages on farms have been rising as the demand for labor increases. Labor shortage not due to low wages by Laura Gjovaag “It’s not that American workers don’t want to work hard,” said Dan Fazio, director of the Washington Farm Labor Association. “It’s just that they don’t want this kind of seasonal job that lasts only five months and doesn’t pay enough to support them for the rest of the year.” Fazio said the labor shortage in the agricultural areas of the state last year resulted in many farms taking advantage of the federal guest worker program. “You know there was a shortage when every application for guest workers was approved,” he said. “One of the requirements to prove the farms can’t find domestic workers is to advertise the jobs across the United States.” In addition, guest worker jobs have a higher minimum wage. This year the minimum is $12 an hour. “It really proves the need is desperate,” Fazio said. “Last year the minimum was $10.92, but it’s gone up because the prevailing wage being paid to agricultural workers has also gone up.” Fazio said the industry has consistently increased wages over the last five years by as much as 5 percent a year. “We have the stats to prove that wages in agriculture are going higher,” he said. Last year the state’s apple and cherry harvests used about 4,000 guest workers. Fazio expect that number to increase 10 to 20 percent this year. He said Americans would be willing to take the job if they could make enough to live on, or get ahead. He noted American workers who take dangerous fishing jobs in Alaska as an example. But while farm jobs don’t have a high enough wage for Americans, they appeal to Mexicans. “These workers (coming from Mexico) earn $10 a day at home,” Fazio said. “Here they can make $100 a day. They can work in America during the harvest season six or seven years and save up enough to buy their own farm back home.” The guest workers that he works with generally don’t plan on living in the United States. They just need money to live comfortably at home. Fazio also said that some sort of immigration reform is necessary. He estimated the number of farm workers not authorized to work in the United States to be 40 to 50 percent of seasonal workers. Even with those workers, farms have faced a shortage of labor. “Something will need to be done,” he said. ‑ Laura Gjovaag can be contacted at 509-8374500, or email LGjovaag@DailySunNews.com To plant or not to plant? That is the question the federal government hopes to find out in the weeks ahead. It’s all part of the USDA’s plan over the next few weeks to survey tens of thousands of growers about their planting intentions for 2013. The results of this survey will help all participants in the ag-related fields to determine what to expect this growing season after a drought-hampered 2012 season. “The information we collect from producers in March establishes a trend that we’re likely to see in the entire growing season,” said Bob Bass, National Operations Division director for the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The service is conducting the survey, and Bass says it’s important to get a handle on what farmers are planning for 2013. “This year, after a weather-plagued 2012 season, it’s more important than ever to understand planting intentions for this year.” Most survey participants should have received their questionnaires in the mail by now. The USDA says trained interviewers will visit those who do not respond to answer any questions they may have and to help them fill out their survey forms. “These surveys require a pretty quick turnaround so that the information is as current as possible,” added Bass. “We also recognize that farmers have a very busy time ahead of them and we want to let them get back to the task at hand as soon as possible.” As with all of its surveys, The National Agricultural Statistics Service keeps all individual responses confidential. The published reports will include only national and state aggregate data, ensuring that no individual operations can be identified. - John Fannin can be reached at 837-4500 or at email@example.com Did you know? Washington state is number two in the country in production of apricots, asparagus, grapes, potatoes, green peas and corn for processing, onions and nectarines. This state is also second in the nation in exporting seafood and in the diversity of crops grown, more than 300. When you can’t afford to wait! Hydraulic hose failures used to mean long, costly downtime. No more! We make Gates factory-quality hyrdraulic hose assemblies to exact specifications . . .in minutes. 1/4 inch to 2 inch Meet the lovable and profitable the perfect livestock for small acreage! Farm tours daily by appointment. Call today to schedule yours! ALPACA Auto Parts 404 S. 7th St. Sunnyside K&U Auto Parts 104 7th St. Zillah Zillah Prosser, WA - 509.786.4507 www.sagebluffalpacas.com (509) 837-5603 (509) 829-6653 Your Federated Auto Parts Professionals 14 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 An apple a day keeps doctor away by Amber Schlenker Whether they’re red, yellow, pink or white, apples are all precious in many health professionals’ sight. Apples truly are the “super fruit” for everyone according to the U.S. Apple Association. A popular saying, speaking to the rich healthy powers of apples is, “an apple a day keeps the doctor away.” Research has verified this statement and recent studies have linked apples and apple products to helping with everything from weight loss to different types of cancer, heart disease, type-2 diabetes and even asthma. “Fresh apples are a very healthy nutrition option, since they are low in saturated fat, sodium and cholesterol” said Nancy Hultberg, Chief Nursing Officer at Sunnyside Community Hospital. “In addition, they are a good source of Vitamin C and dietary fiber.” Dropping pounds The U.S. Apple Association says apples can also assist in weight loss. Studies show the im- pact of fruit intake on weight loss found that overweight women who ate the equivalent of three apples or pears each day lost more weight on a low-calorie diet than women who didn’t add fruit to their diet. In addition to lower blood pressure and a trimmer waistline, apple product consumers are also at a reduced risk of metabolic syndrome, which comes with a cluster of health issues related to diabetes and heart disease, according to apple health benefits facts listed by the US Apple Association. Peel and all The national association also notes apples for their antioxidants, and two thirds of the antioxidants are found in the apple’s peel. Antioxidants take on a role of maintaining good health in the human body. For more information on the nutrition facts and research findings of apples, visit www.usapple.org. ‑ Amber Schlenker can be contacted at 509-837-4500, or email ASchlenker@DailySunNews.com Rod Smith/Daily Sun News Apples are said to have ample amounts of antioxidants and vitamin C. Local health professionals say daily apple consumption adds to a low saturated fat, low sodium and low cholesterol diet. 0% 2.9% FOR 12 MONTHS AND FREE AFS PRO 700 TOUCHSCREEN COLOR DISPLAY up to $5,000 value OR FREE LUXURY SUSPENDED CAB* OR FREE DEF SUPPLY PACKAGE*** ON ANY NEW, IN-STOCK CASE IH MAGNUM SERIES TRACTORS OFFER ENDS MARCH 31, 2013 With models ranging from 234 to 389 max boosted engine horsepower, the most comfortable cab and the tightest turning radius in the industry, the next generation Magnum series tractors are a great choice your row crop operation. See your local Case IH dealer for details. EFFICIENCY WITHOUT The ONLY authorized Case IH dealer in the Yakima Valley SACRIFICES. FINANCING FOR 48 MONTHS ON CASE IH MAGNUM™ SERIES TRACTORS INDUSTRY LEADING FEATURES. Enjoy the smooth ride and comfort with the new optional suspended cab feature and the fingertip control with the New MultiControl Armrest console. The new generation of Magnum tractors will keep you comfortable, moving and more efficient. Who could ask for more? You did and we delivered! Stop in and see us today. FARMERS EQUIPMENT COMPANY 181 Factory Rd. Sunnyside, WA 509-837-2580 • www.farmersequip.com Sunnyside, WA 98944 509-837-2580 www.farmersequip.com 181 Factory Rd EFFICIENCY WITHOUT SACRIFICES. * Offer ends 3/31/2013. 3/31/2012. Customer participation subject to credit qualification and approval by CNH Capital America LLC. See your Case IH dealer for details and eligibility requirements. Down payment may be required. Not all customers may qualify for this rate or term. CNH Capital America LLC standard terms and conditions will apply. Taxes, freight, set-up, delivery, additional options or attachments not included in suggested retail price. Offer subject to change or cancellation without notice. March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - 15 State plans ag seminars Growers here in Washington state will have a one-stop opportunity to reach markets in Asia and Mexico thanks to a series of seminars planned next month by the state’s Department of Agriculture. The ag department, headed by Sunnysider and farmer Dan Newhouse, is bringing in buyers from China, Japan, Korea and Mexico in the hopes increasing agricultural exports to those countries. “Washington food and agricultural businesses not already exporting may be missing the boat—as well as the potential for reaching lucrative export markets in Asia and Mexico where consumers are hungry for agricultural products grown, raised or processed in the Evergreen State,” Newhouse said in a press release issued by his office. Two of the three 90-minute marketing seminars with will be held near Sunnyside. The first is in the Tri-Cities on Monday, April 15, and the second is Tuesday, April 16, in Yakima. The final seminar will be held in Seattle on Wednesday and Thursday, April 17 and 18. Based on the information exchanged in the consulting session, the Washington State Department of Agriculture will then work to organize meetings between foreign buyers and small ag businesses here in Washington. In September, these foreign buyers will then visit participating Washington firms, sample their products and explore new business partnerships. All of this is funded by a federal grant from the State Trade and Export Promotion program developed by the U.S. Small Business Administration. To register for these export seminars, contact Julie Johnson at jjohnson@agr. wa.gov or (360) 902-1940. Nutrition affects calf health and herd productivity for years Proper cow nutrition affects calf performance, health and survivability more than any other factor. That’s according to the LSU AgCenter, which notes problems are magnified in heifers if they are not properly supplemented. Here are some of the problems the AgCenter says can be encountered if cow nutrition is lacking during gestation of the calf. - Increased Dystocia Underfeeding Late-gestation cows can lead to more weak calves and stillbirths, mostly due to prolonged labor. Weak calves are more likely to get sick and die, and they have decreased performance. - Weak calves Birth weights of calves will decrease, as will brown fat storage (important for generating warmth). Both are important for calf vigor and survivability in the short term and reducing sickness and death rates in the long term. - Sick calves A decrease in calf birth weight and vigor increases the chances of calves not getting colostrum in time. To compound this, cows that are nutritionally deprived cannot produce good colostrum. Both of these problems lead to failure of passive transfer (FPT) in calves. Calves with FPT are more likely to get sick and die. Even if calves survive an illness, they do not grow as well as healthy calves. - Vaccine responses Having a scours problem and decided to vaccinate the cows prepartum to protect the calves? Cows can only respond to a vaccine if they have proper energy, protein and mineral levels in the diet. If a cow isn’t taking in enough protein to maintain her body condition, she can’t make antibodies, which are protein, and put them in her colostrum for her calf. Therefore, vaccinating cows to protect calves through colostrum will only work with proper cow nutrition. Calf vaccine response is also poor in calves that don’t get adequate colostrum. So even if vaccines are administered, calves will still get sick and possibly die. The outcome means fewer and lighter calves at weaning. - Infertility Females in poor body condition don’t breed back readily. Letting cows drop to body condition score of four instead of maintaining them at five can drop conception rates by 15 percent. Dystocia rates also increase as body condition drops. Increased dystocia leads to poor conception rates and delayed conceptions. The bottom line is that winter feeding costs are a major expense in cow-calf herds. So, selecting a winter feeding program that is cost-efficient is imperative. However, making sure nutrient requirements are met during this time is critical to future profitability. An investment now can pay dividends for years to come. Farm fresh from A to Z Whether it’s apples or zucchini, there’s produce growing for most of the year here in the Yakima Valley. Below, courtesy of the state’s Department of Agriculture, is an overview of what’s fresh from April through November in the Yakima Valley. April Asparagus May Asparagus and chard June Asparagus, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, chard, currants, gooseberries, peas, raspberries, rhubarb, strawberries and zucchini July Apricots, green beans, beets, boysenberries, cantaloupe, carrots, cherries, sweet corn, cucumbers, currants, gooseberries, loganberries, marionberries, melons, peaches, potatoes, raspberries, rhubarb, squash, tomatoes, watermelon and zucchini August Apples, blackberries, cantaloupe, carrots, sweet corn, cucumbers, eggplant, huckleberries, hops, loganberries, marionberries, melons, nectarines, okra, peaches, pears, peppers, plums, potatoes, prunes, raspberries, rhubarb, squash, tomatoes and watermelon September Apples, blackberries, cantaloupe, carrots, Indian corn, sweet corn, cucumbers, eggplant, grapes, huckleberries, hops, onions, peaches, pears, peppers, plums, potatoes, prunes, pumpkins, raspberries, rhubarb, squash, tomatoes and watermelon October Apples, carrots, grapes, huckleberries, onions, potatoes, pumpkins, raspberries and rhubarb November Apples and potatoes FREE DELIVERY IN THE LOWER VALLEY Big Project? Complete Industrial Hardware Welding - Fabrication Machine Work Metal Spraying Proud supporter of our valley's farmers After Hours Call 786-7617 104 W. 5th St. Grandview Roofing Plywood/OSB Lumber BCI Flooring Glu Lam Beams Blocks & Brick Fencing You Name It! Call (509) 865-4912 Large Selection! Great Prices! 882-3881 IDEAL (509) 865-4912 Lumber & Hardware Supply Inc. OPEN: Mon. - Fri. 7 am - 5 pm Saturday 7 am - 2 pm 827 W. First Ave. • Toppenish 16 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 Spring 66 94 starting at t Best Tire Value eclIpse P155/80R-13 Promise SUNNYSIDE GRANDVIEW PROSSER Se Habla Español Your size in stock, call for size & Price aLL-season reLiabiLity 70,000 miLe warranty Our Most Popular ON SALE! • Our Most Popular ON SALE! • Our Most Popular ON SALE! Long Lasting tread eclIpse eclIpse657 2 Your size CALL in stock, call& for size & Price YOUR SIZE IN STOCK, CALL7 FOR SIZE & PRICE YOUR SIZE IN STOCK, FOR SIZE PRICE 7 5 the eclipse is a quality all-season tire 6 aLL-season reLiabiLity 00 that features the latest in tire design economicaLLy priced and performance. its advanced tread aLL-season reLiabiLity 70,000 miLe warranty 0 0 pattern provides quality handling for mer at 66 94 66 64 00 94 Your siz starting at starting at starting at y courser sTr/lTr P155/80R-13 G P155/80R-13 raTe sT s stock, call for size YourIc size &ng Price starti uin 70,000 miLe warranty Long Lasting tread Your Long Lasting tread increased vehicle ice safety. e & Pr e in Your siz stock, call fo r siz 64 ng starti at -14 185/65R 70 stock, ng at starti R-15 P205/70 & Price e in st 96 ock, ca ll for at 185/65R-14 -14 175/65R Price size & S priced • RotAtion tionS aLLy Mounting • AiR CHECKS AiR CHE•CKS RoAd•HRotA AzARd • FlAt REpMou AiR t REpAiR omic nting • A ARd FlA econ RoAd HAzARd • FlAt REpAiR RoAd H z t wet LLen exce tion ee fr AtionS Rot ac • CKS tr g • AiR CHE t REpAiR free free Mounting • AiR CHECKS • RotAtionS free rn mode ason aLL-sen desig size in call fo r size exceLLent wet S • RotAtion traction Mounting •HAAfr iR CHECKS t REpAiR zARd • FlA RoAd ted ow ra and sn mud g ridin et Qui ee YOUR SIZE IN STOCK, CALL FOR SIZE & PRICE TREAD DESIGN MAY VARY aLL-season tread design economicaLLy priced Mounting • AiR CHECKS • RotAtionS RoAd HAzARd • FlAt REpAiR 122 17 free starting at see us first 235/75R-15 657 modern 185/65R-14 economicaLLy priced P205/70R-15 aLL-season exceLLent wet design size in stock, call for size & Price traction Your size in stock, call for size & Price RoAd HAzARd • FlAt REpAiR Mounting • AiR CHECKS • RotA tionS economicaLLy priced modern RoAd HAzARd • Fl At REpAiR aLL-season exceLLent wet design traction starting at 64 starting at aLL-season Light truck tires amerIcus If we can’T GuaranTee 00 IT, we won’T sell IT! ® , FReS Se, DeN 00 w ne 2 • Ba Page FReS Page 2 • BaSe, DeN, IT, nTee uara G ’T can If we starting at Mountin ARd • FlA RoAd HAz Your size in stock, call for size & Price 70 free P225/75R-16 00 open counTry a/T II Your size in stock, call for size & Price Mounting • AiR CHECKS • RotAtionS RoAd HAzARd • FlAt REpAiR InTroducInG The P205/70R-15 70 IT! amerIcus sell on’T we w GOOD Mounting • AiR CHECKS • RotAtionS RoAd HAzARd® • FlAt REpAiR THRU ApRil 3 30, 201 free starting at 24/7 On the farm service! Farmers Ranchers Dairymen Sunnyside after hours for your ag tire needs! GOOD THRU ApRil 30, 2013 free Mounting • AiR CHECKS • RotAtionS free Mounting • AiR CHECKS • RotAtionS RoAd HAzARd • FlAt REpAiR free Page 2 • BaSe, DeN, FReS Your size in stock, call for size & Price If we can’T GuaranTee IT, we won’T sell IT! 165 free If we can’T GuaranTee IT, we won’T sell IT! ® Mounting • AiR CHECKS • RotAtionS 05 40 % more tread Life RoAd HAzARd • FlAt REpAiR enhanced traction the open country a/t ii has improved durability through a new wear resistant tread compound. unique tread block shape, sipes and deep grooves provide enhanced traction in rain, mud, and snow. new stabilizing tie bars in the tread improves braking in dry conditions and ®reduces irregular wear. GOOD THRU ApRil 30, 2013 GOOD THRU ApRil 30, 2013 509-840-1024 509-391-0102 509-391-2504 • Shocks • A lig n me n t s Grandview After Hours Prosser after hours , DeN, FReS We're More Than A Tire Store Bat t erie s • B ra k e s Brandon Manager Asst. Manager Mike Manager Collin Asst. Manager Edward Mac Brown Owner Manager Jere Asst. Manager Matt Sunnyside • 16th & Lincoln Ave. 837-2002 Grandview • 812 W. Wine Country RD. 882-1269 Prosser • 310 Wine Country Rd. 786-2540 We do brakes ✔ Over 30 Years Experience ✔ Premium Quality Brake Parts ✔ Professionally Trained technicians ✔ Best Brake Warranty FREE brake inspections free estimates same day service (on most vehicles) shocks & struts MOUNTAIN RYDER XT Our Most Popular Full Size Truck Application Batteries for every need KYB STRUTs The Most Complete Line of Premium Struts • Auto • RV • Marine • Lawn & Garden Stop in for a free battery check OPEN MON.-FRI. 8 TO 6 SAT. 8 TO 5 Se Habla Español Ask For Details About OuR... 90 Days same as cash March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - B-1 B section A special supplement to the Daily Sun News and Sun News Shopper • March 19, 2013 NEWS ‘today’S local newS today’ DAILY SUN B-2 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 Dissatisfaction growing with labeling of organic foods by Laura Gjovaag The certified organic label doesn’t always mean what consumers think it means. A push-back has started against a label that was originally meant to help consumers find healthier food, but now has been diluted enough to make savvy consumers look closer. The organic movement The original goal of the organic movement was to produce food that is free of pesticides and other contaminants that may have a detrimental effect on the health of consumers. The movement for organic foods has been around for more than a century, ever since the introduction of synthetic fertilizers and the application of pesticides in increasingly industrial agricultural operations began to concern some farmers. With the publication of “Silent Spring” by Rachel Carson in 1962, a general awareness of the potential dangers of pesticides began to create a demand for pesticide-free foods. By the 1980s consumer groups started to create certification programs for organic foods and pressured governments to do the same. In 1990 the Organic Foods Production Act began to establish what could be labeled as “certified organic” in the United States. However, critics say the rules have developed some glaring exceptions over the years. The national list of allowed and prohibited substances includes some items that those in the organic movement do not believe should be permitted, which has led to some dissatisfaction. The hops exemption One example used by critics of the USDA’s organic labeling program was the exclusion of hops from the requirements of organic farming. Beer made with hops grown with prohibited substances was still considered organic beer and could be labeled as such. The justification for the exemption of hops was that not enough different types of hops were being grown organically to meet the market demand. In Laura Gjovaag/Daily Sun News 2010 the committee that han- Organic produce must adhere to strict guidelines to be certified, but some exceptions in processed dles organic standards decided foods have led to concerns that the label is being diluted. to phase out the exception. As of Other critics note that smaller sumers, the demand for food that the beginning of 2013, hops are Cornucopia Institute in May of now required to be grown to the 2012 claims the USDA has “in- operations may have difficulty is raised responsibly will also regular organic standards in or- appropriately favored corporate obtaining the organic label de- grow. agribusiness over the interests of spite following a majority of der to be considered organic. ethical businesses, farmers and the rules and regulations. Such ‑ Laura Gjovaag can be contacted at Corporate organic operations also note that sustain- 509-837-4500, or email LGjovaag@ A paper released by the consumers.” ability is not a requirement under DailySunNews.com the USDA’s rules for organic production, nor are labor issues addressed. A sustainable future To satisfy consumers conAILY UN cerned by the perceived dilution of the organic label, other movements have developed that promote eating locally or sustainable farming practices. Whether or not consumers continue to trust and buy items labeled as certified organic depends on many factors, critics say, including future decisions by the USDA. But as concerns about the food supply chain – including worries about genetically modified organisms – grow among con- NEWS Salutes Our Local Farmers ‘TODAY’S LOCAL NEWS TODAY’ D S Did you know? In 2010, Washington exported more than $6.1 billion worth of food and agricultural products. Did you know? Among all U.S. states, Washington is number one in the harvest of: apples, sweet cherries, pears, concord grapes, red raspberries, carrots for processing, hops, spearmint and peppermint oil, as well as wrinkled seed peas. Bringing you local news, sports and weather. Watch for business, lifestyles, health, and stories on your friends and neighbors. Call 837-4500 to subscribe! Only $5.50 per month or $66 per year. Laura Gjovaag/Daily Sun News All food certified to be sold as organic in the United States must meet the same criteria, regardless of the origin of the food. March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - B-3 Cherry, stone fruit growers approve $5 million assessment by Brian Clark PULLMAN – Cherry and stone fruit growers throughout the state have agreed to make a $5 million investment over the next eight years at Washington State University research and extension centers in Prosser and Wenatchee. This builds on a similar measure voted on by apple and pear growers in 2011 to galvanize cooperation between the industry and WSU. “The close partnership between Washington’s tree fruit industry and Washington State University continues to be transformational,” said WSU President Elson S. Floyd. “Working together for more than a century, we have helped to make Washington a world leader in tree fruit production. “The assessment by cherry and stone fruit growers, in combination with the $27 million investment in WSU made by apple and pear growers in 2011, helps to ensure that our partnership in progress continues for an even brighter future for our state,” he said. “We are extremely grateful for the industry’s confidence and investment in WSU.” State Department of Agriculture officials certified the election results Monday, Feb. 4. Separate ballots were mailed for cherries and stone fruit. The referendum was approved by 338 of the 565 ballots cast by cherry growers, a 59 percent approval rate, and 32 of the 47 ballots cast by stone fruit growers, a 68 percent approval rate. Cherry growers will be assessed $4 per ton and stone fruit growers $1 per ton. This investment comes at a time when the state’s $46 billion food and agriculture industry continues to increase its contribution to the state’s economy. Annually, the Washington tree fruit industry accounts for more than $7 billion of economic impact, with more than a third of that derived from exports. When cherry and stone fruit growers rejected a similar measure in 2011, many industry leaders felt it was imsee “Fruit growers” next page Irrigation pipe and power lines LOOK UP… & LIVE!! 1-800-221-6987 www.bentonrea.org play crucial roles on today’s farms. But the two should never come into contact with each other. it’s time to move irrigation pipes, ladders, antennas or anything in the air: BENTON REA reminds you that when Survey the area to make sure you are not near a power line. B-4 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 Growing YVCC viticulture and enology program meeting needs of wine industry, students by Jennie McGhan GRANDVIEW – The viticulture and enology program at YVCC’s Grandview campus is in its fifth year, and Ag Department Chair Trent Ball said the program continues to grow. Yakima Valley Community College in the fall of 2007 opened its Workforce Education see “YVCC” next page Yakima Valley Community College at its Grandview campus provides students an opportunity to work in the teaching winery. Here, Jensena Newhouse (center) gains experience promoting the wines produced by students during a July 2012 Tri-chamber social. Also pictured are Melodie Smith (left) and Nicole Carter. Jennie McGhan/Daily Sun News Fruit growers continued from page B-3 perative to try again. “The Board of the Washington State Fruit Commission voted unanimously to re-run the referendum, and we are thrilled growers affirmed the importance of this investment,” said Gip Redman, a cherry grower and chair of the commission. “Now the entire Washington tree fruit industry is involved in the efforts on our behalf at the WSU research and extension centers in Prosser and Wenatchee - efforts which keep our industries globally competitive.” Jim Doornink, chair of the Washington Tree Fruit Research Commission, said approval of the special project assessment further cements a long-standing partnership between WSU and the state’s tree fruit industry. “This investment builds on the strategic road map outlined by the industry and WSU over a decade ago for all our commodities,” said Doornink, who raises cherries, apricots, peaches, pears and apples in the Yakima Valley. “That trajectory has continued according to plan with WSU’s strategic hires, the commission’s continued funding of priority projects, and now this industry-wide support to make our research and extension partnership with WSU unequivocally the best in the world.” “We compete in a global market, and this investment ensures we will continue to be leaders in innovation while maintaining economic prosperity for Washington growers,” said Jake Gutzwiler, a cherry grower and quality control manager for Stemilt Growers who added that research and innovation have always been at the heart of the Washington tree fruit industry’s success. Gutzwiler is also chair of the WSU Endowment Advisory Committee, which, along with WSU administrators and researchers, has been guiding decisions about how to direct funds from Washington apple and pear growers’ $27 million investment. “We’ve been developing a list of industry needs in terms of research and extension,” he said. “The challenge has been developing these needs for only apples and pears, when cherries and stone fruit are a significant part of our industry. “We just saw the hiring of Desmond Layne, a leader in the delivery of scientific information to producers through extension,” Gutzwiler said. “And with the recent hire of Stefano Musacchi, a worldrenowned pomologist (fruit scientist), the industry investment has already attracted two of the best scientists in the world to work right here in Washington. “With the additional $5 million investment by cherry and stone fruit growers, we can ensure these new positions represent the full Washington tree fruit industry,” he said. Dan Bernardo, vice president for agriculture and extension and dean of the WSU College of Agricultural, Human and Natural Resource Sciences, agreed. “The full support of the tree fruit industry is a testament to three critical factors,” he said. “The first is the commitment and foresight of an extremely progressive industry. The second is the long history of quality contributions by our gifted and dedicated scientists and extension professionals at WSU who work tirelessly to serve the industry. And third is the trust and respect built between the two during a century-long partnership.” Bernardo said WSU has been making significant and strategic investments in all areas of tree fruit research and extension over the past decade. For the special project assessment, WSU is working closely with the industry-appointed Endowment Advisory Committee to ensure their dollars are directed where they will have the most impact. Bernardo will continue to work directly with the committee to ensure industryendowed programs perform at the highest level and produce results for the growers and shippers of Washington. Floyd announced WSU’s historic comprehensive fundraising effort - “The Campaign For Washington State University: Because the World Needs Big Ideas” - in December 2010. The tree fruit industry’s combined commitment of $32 million will be counted toward the campaign’s $1 billion goal. Donors, businesses and organizations have committed more than $758.1 million to the campaign to increase support for WSU’s students, faculty, research and extension programs and to leverage the university’s impact across the state, nation and world. - Brian Clark is with WSU’s College of Agricultural, Human and Natural Resource Sciences 2361 Scoon Rd. Sunnyside (509) 837-8012 or (509) 840-0306 We invite you to visit our Proud Supporter of our Agricultural Heritage see Hope to ! o o s you n and discover alpacas! family farm untry drive o c ly e r u is le a Take try our to p u e m o c d n a Mouth Watering Burgers or Hand Dipped Old-Fashioned Ice Cream Cones for quality alpaca clothing, yarn, fiber and souvenirs. farm store Shop our www.silburyhillalpacas.com Open Friday - Sunday 11 am - 4 pm Or call us to schedule a visit. Or find us online at 106 East Market Street Bickleton, WA 509-896-2671 • Bickleton.org March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - B-5 YVCC continued from page B-4 Center in Grandview. The center houses the college’s programs for students interested in receiving education for careers in the health care field, as well as in the wine industry. “We’ve been gaining, growing strong ever since,” he said. The viticulture and enology program was designed to help meet the wine industry needs, as well as to provide Yakima Valley residents the opportunity to seek careers in the industry. Christa Leach is a current student in the enology program. She works in the laboratory in the program, but said she has a desire to seek a career in wine marketing. She is pursuing a degree in winery technology and will graduate this coming June. Those goals keep her motivated. “I feel that by going through this program I will be able to easily talk to clients about grape growing and winemaking,” she said. Ball said industry leaders have come to recognize the quality of the students and the educational programs available at the college. YVCC, he said, “…has developed partnerships in the wine industry, which helps the program grow.” Ball said it is through those partnerships that students are provided internship opportunities, and often times permanent job placements. Because the students are often high-caliber employees, the wineries for which they work are able to see first-hand what is offered at YVCC. That turns into more partnerships in the industry. With success comes growth. The program, said Ball, has grown exponentially. He said students have an opportunity to gain more hands-on opportunities. An on-site vineyard furthers those opportunities. There is a teaching winery and two incubator wineries, as well as many field trips to provide students a clear vision of the various job opportunities in the wine industry. The two incubator partners are Mark Wysling of Parejas Cellars and Kevin Cedergreen of Cedergreen Cellars. Ball said Parejas provides unique opportunities for the students participating in the viticulture and enology program because the wines created by Wysling are Spanish varietals. The teaching winery produces between six and eight varieties of wine each year, but the addition of Spanish varieties broadens the experience for the students. Ball said students help with fermenting, filtering and blending wines. The first graduates of the program earned their degrees in 2009. Since then, nearly 30 students have taken on jobs in the wine industry, according to Catherine Jones. She teaches some of the courses provided at the college and oversees the grant programs that make it possible to provide hybrid and online classes. “A lot of students work in the industry while continuing their education,” he said, noting community colleges provide a unique educational experience. They give students the opportunity to take the number of classes they can fit into their schedules while continuing to work. “The benefit to the students is that they can work and learn simultaneously,” said Ball. Currently, he said there are 35 students enrolled in the program. The students can focus on several different careers in the wine industry. Ball said the careers include marketing, farm management, viticulture technicians, laboratory technicians, assistant winemak- ers, cellar workers, cellar masters, tasting room attendants and tasting room managers. Classes provided by YVCC have increased by approximately 25 percent over the years. A grant from the National Science Foundation in 2010 has also allowed the program to become more “hybrid,” said Ball. He explained there are more courses available to students via online and classroom training. “That allows us to expand the offerings.” Leach has taken advantage of those offerings, stating she has taken winery compliance and fruit wine production courses that are 100 percent online. “The hybrid classes I have taken are essentials of winemaking, winemaking and advanced winemaking,” she said, adding a list of seven other hybrid courses to her transcript. She said she chose online classes over traditional instructor-led courses because of the convenience. “Online and hybrid classes were especially great to have in the fall when I was interning at Snoqualmie Winery. I am in the Navy Reserves so having online and hybrid classes means I don’t miss out when I have to participate in drill,” said Leach. She said her family, especially her husband, supports her efforts to earn a college degree. “They know I am working towards a degree that will help me be successful in life.” Leach said that support in addition to the ability to take courses that are flexible made it easier to focus when she was serving as an intern. “I knew I didn’t have to rush to get to class right after work,” said Leach, adding she can access recordings of any classes she misses or when she wants to review something that is talked about during a particular class. Ball said the viticulture and enology program at YVCC is industry-driven. “As the industry continues to grow and develop, the program is modified to meet the industry needs.” He said that is why the adviso- ‑ Jennie McGhan can be contacted at 509-837-4500, or email JMcGhan@ DailySunNews.com ry board - consisting of growers, producers, owners and entrepreneurs in the industry - guides the process of the program. 2014 SNOWCHECKSELECT ENDS APRIL 23, 2013 TO CUSTOMIZE YOUR UL TIMA TE SLED. // MORE CUSTOMIZATION // LIMITED-EDITION SLEDS // EASY ORDERING PROCESS NOW IS THE TIME TERRAINDOMINATION.COM 1707 N. 1st Street • Yakima, WA 98901 s n e 509-575-1916 Ow Trade-Ins Welcome 2014 SNOWCHECK SELECT OFFER CHOOSE FROM ANY 2014 POLARIS® SNOWMOBILE EXCEPT 120 INDY® cycle, iN c. 4 POLARISTAR ® ESC OR 2 YEAR YEAR POWERTRAIN WA RR A NT Y & $ 600 WORTH OF UP TO GE A R 2014 SNOWCHECK FINANCING OFFER O SPECIAL SNOWCHECK FINANCING OFFER % INTEREST F OR 1 2 MON T H S* *On approved Polaris purchases. Minimum Payments required. No Interest Charges for 12 months. Offer may not be combined with certain other offers, is subject to change and may be extended or terminated without further notice. Minimum Amounts Financed, Interest Charges, and penalties for accounts non current, may apply. Subject to credit approval. Approval, and any rates and terms provided, are based on credit worthiness. Other financing offers are available. See your local dealer for details. Financing promotions void where prohibited. Offer effective on all new Polaris snowmobiles purchased from a participating Polaris dealer between 3/4/13 and 4/23/13. Four-year extended Service contract is available on new 2014 snowmobiles. Offer is valid only in the U.S. and Canada and does not apply to prior purchases. Four-year extended service contract consists of 12 months’ factory warranty, plus 36 months’ POLARISTAR Protection Plus ESC. Subject to $50 deductible, no mileage limitation. See your dealer for complete details. TERRAIN DOMINATION Polaris® recommends that all snowmobile riders take a training course. Do not attempt maneuvers beyond your capability. Always wear a helmet and other safety apparel. Never drink and ride. ©2013 Polaris Industries Inc. Look Look For For 4H 4H & & FFA FFA Members Members at at these these upcoming upcoming events: events: R.H. Smith Distributing Co., Inc. Eddie Herrera Central Washington Jr. Livestock Show April April 28-30, 28-30, May May 1 1• •Toppenish Toppenish Rodeo Rodeo Grounds Grounds 5 Transport Units to Serve Your Needs! Yakima Valley Fair & Rodeo August August 7-10 7-10 • • Grandview Grandview this ad sponsored by the Daily Sun News Gas or Diesel ex 108 www.rhsmith.com 882-3377 Transport Operations (509) 840-1704 Phillips 66 Company 315 E. Wine Country Rd. Grandview B-6 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 Research seeks to improve fertility of local dairy cows by Kathy Barnard, WSU News Your surplus food will help feed thousands of people in Eastern Washington. Second Harvest is a charitable food distribution center that feeds thousands of people each week through neighborhood food banks and meal centers in Eastern Washington. Donating your surplus or unsaleable products can be a cost effective solution for you by improving your bottom line while benefiting your community. Please contact Second Harvest to learn more. Donation Examples: Apples • Stone Fruits • Potatoes • Onions • Carrots • Pears “Second Harvest has been a pleasure to work with and we love knowing that our fruit can be used for such honorable community efforts.” John Gebbers, GM Gebbers Farms PULLMAN - In the 1980s, the conception rate in an average herd of dairy cows was around 50 percent; today that number has dropped to 35 percent. A team of scientists led by Washington State University’s Tom Spencer is turning to advanced genomics technology to address what has become a challenging issue facing the dairy industry. “Besides feed cost, infertility is one of the most costly issues for the dairy industry,” said Spencer, who holds the Baxter Endowed Chair in Beef Cattle Research in the Department of Animal Sciences at WSU. “In general, there has been a 1 percent per year decline in fertility.” An infertile animal has to be culled from the herd, he explained, leaving the producer with the expense of supporting the animal until infertility is confirmed, as well as the cost of replacing the animal. Barrier to competitiveness “Fertility is a complex polygenic trait, so it is harder to select for than other traits,” Spencer said. “If we can identify and isolate the multiple genes responsible for fertility, we may be able to tell earlier what cows are going to be fertile – maybe as early as at birth.” The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Institute for Food and Agriculture has invested $3 million to help address cattle infertility, which is one of the biggest barriers to global competitiveness for American dairy farmers. The five-year grant, announced earlier this year, includes scientists from WSU, University of Idaho and University of Florida and components in research, outreach and teaching. The goal of the project is to increase the sustainability, profitability and international competitiveness of the U.S. dairy industry, Spencer said. “Our hypothesis is that dairy cow fertility can be increased through genetic selection for maternal fertility in heifers and cows and the use of sires with high daughter pregnancy rates,” he said. Identifying, isolating multiple genes The research component will begin by focusing on identifying genetic markers for fertility in dairy heifers and cows. Spencer and WSU animal scientist Holly Neibergs, as well as Joe Dalton from the Department of Animal and Veterinary Science at the University of Idaho, will work with select dairy producers in the Northwest to collect cattle DNA and blood samples and identify which genes are associated with fertility. University of Florida animal scientist Pete Hansen and John Cole, research see “Fertility” next page 1234 East Front Avenue • Spokane, WA 99202 • (509) 252-6241 5825 Burlington Loop • Pasco, WA 99302 firstname.lastname@example.org • 2-harvest.org Fighting Hunger Since 1971 For four generations, Husch and Husch has been meeting the fertilizer needs of Valley farmers. We have the experienced employees, the equipment, the product and the expertise to assure you of a professional job. Call now for a timely application. ...serving the Valley’s farmers for more than 70 years, Husch & Husch, Inc. of Harrah can help you maximize profits! Call Today! (509) 848-2951 Custom Row/Crop Spraying Liquid or Dry Blends Custom Fertilizers with chemicals... one pass operation Orchard Products • Chemical • Liquid Injection after hours you may reach oUr sales representatives • Soil Testing • Complete Line of Fertilizers • liquid • dry • acid base • organic • Farm Chemicals • Seed Products • corn • alfalfa • Custom blends • Manufacturers of liquid fertilizers and liquid foliars • Custom Hydro-Seeding State-of-the-Art Liquid Plant Ron Voss, CCA 305-1363 David Anderson 727-1363 728-5555 Ed Boob 728-0901 Kelly Husch Pat Leneave 969-0067 March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - B-7 Fertility continued from page B-6 geneticist at the USDA Agricultural Research Service in Beltsville, Md., will pursue the second research step: identifying and isolating the factors contributing to daughter pregnancy rates based on the sire’s genetics and select sires that transmit high fertility genes to their daughters. Outreach to dairy farmers The outreach component has three parts and is led by Dalton. A team led by Albert DeVries, an economist in the University of Florida Department of Animal Sciences, will evaluate the efficiency and profitability of increasing fertility in dairy cattle using genetic selection tools. The results of that cost-benefit analysis will be available online and will include a worksheet to help dairy farmers determine if the new technology makes sense for their specific situations. Outreach also will include working with focus groups to better understand dairy farmer needs and to test the understanding of and the best way to describe genomics to the target audience. Dale Moore, director of veterinary medicine extension at WSU, will lead that part. The third part entails transferring the technology of improving fertility using genetic selection tools to dairy farmers, dairy farm personnel and their advisors – in both English and Spanish – using DAIReXNET and extension road shows. DAIReXNET is an online resource for the dairy industry. Dalton and Mirielle Chahine, also of the University of Idaho, will focus extension work on developing bilingual educational opportunities for current and prospective dairy employees. “Ultimately, the focus of our outreach component is to provide educational opportunities and tools to dairy producers, their employees and allied industry to increase fertility and the sustainability of dairy businesses,” Dalton said. Complementary pursuits The USDA grant dovetails with a grant Spencer and Neibergs received last year from the National Institutes of Health to study infertility in beef heifers and use that information to help increase the success of human pregnancies. “It is a really cool opportunity,” Spencer Stewardship of our Land... Natural Selection Farm’s soil amendment programs offer a comprehensive, cost effective nutrient program designed to increase organic matter and balanced microbial activity, improve water retention, and reduce erosion and nutrient leaching. NSF restores the sustainability, vitality and productivity of our soils through the recycling of nutrient rich products that were once placed in landfill or incinerated. Our Soil * Our Strength photo courtesy WSU WSU researchers Holly Neibergs and Tom Spencer are at work to improve the fertility rate of dairy cattle. said. “At the end of the day, through USDA and NIH, we hopefully will be able to impact a large segment of animal agriculture in the United States and leverage our findings for the benefit of both beef and dairy cattle. It’s exactly the way it should be – working together on a common goal and having a positive effect on animal agriculture.” info@NaturalSelectionFarms.com www.NaturalSelectionFarms.com 509-837-3501 Ag exports up in Washington This state’s food exports continue to grow dramatically, with a record $8.6 billion in sales of Washingtonorigin food and agricultural products reaching foreign markets in 2011. In 2012, Washington State Department of Agriculture export trade specialists assisted more than 200 firms in making international sales totalling $120 million, up from $94 million in assisted sales for 2011. In the business world, time is money, and you can trust Pacific to consistently and accurately handle all your steel orders. We offer a large selection of steel items including, but not limited to: Steel Tubing Concrete & Pipe Reinforcing Rectangular Rebar Square • Round Remesh Expanded Bar Products Metal & Grating & Structural Steel Expanded Metal Components Grate-X Flats • Strips Bar & Safety Grating Angles Stainless Products Channel Aluminum Flat Rolled Tubing Products Pipe Sheet • Plate Diamond plate Steel Sales Commercial & Consumer Recycling Recycling Buying Newspaper Serving the Northwest’s Beef and Dairy Cattle Marketing Needs Steel • Stainless Steel Brass • Copper Aluminum • Cardboard Aluminum Cans Batteries (Truck & Car) Scrap Iron Yakima Recycling Location 409 Butterfield Road 409 Butterfield Road • Yakima Steel Sales Location 453-1852 Toppenish 509-865-2820 John Top • Jeff Wiersma Committed to a Tradition of Quality and Trust 453-1852 Toll Free: 1-888-621-1101 www.Pacific-Steel.com B-8 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 Keep your garden ‘growing like a weed’ by Amber Schlenker When getting ready to plant the annual garden, there may be a few helpful tips to keep your garden growing like a weed all summer long. In Ruralite’s February 2013 issue, author Kris Wetherbee says planting certain vegetation next to each other may help, or hurt the growth of that plant. Allies, as they are called, help improve the flavor of neighboring vegetables by providing nutrients. Wetherbee says deep-rooted plants such as comfrey or buckwheat are able to dig deeper for the nutrients a neighbor plant may be in need of. In addition, other plants like peas, beans lupines and clovers have the ability to transport nitrogen from the air into their roots, where bacteria in the plant can convert the nitrogen into a helpful nutrient. Protective plants like Marigolds are also a good example. Weatherbee says Marigolds protect and help their neighbors because of the thiopene in their roots. Thiopene is a substance that is toxic to certain types of soil-dwelling roundworms. Planting Marigolds next to your beans and tomatoes, two plants known to be susceptible to round-worm pests, may help ward off those plant-damaging worms. Pest-repelling plants also include rose- mary, safe, lavender, oregano and other strong smelling plants. Their repellant quality has to do with the strong odors, says Wetherbee, which thwarts aphid attacks on susceptible neighboring plants. Other defensive gardeners may plant marigolds and garlic along the perimeter of the garden in order to repel aphids and beetles. Another way to keep pesticides on the down low is to sow plants that attract bug-eating birds, which include nectar, seed and fruit-bearing plants. “Companion planting is all about diversity, which is key to any healthy garden,” Weatherbee advises. “So go ahead and experiment with your own companion plantings. Knowing when to begin planting in your region is also a must, according to experts at the Washington State University Master Gardeners’ program. The frost-free season in the inland Northwest, according to Master see “Growing like a weed” next page Strategically planting vegetation could help repel pests and give the plants in your garden added nutrients for a healthier, more fruitful garden this summer. Daily Sun News file photo Farming is hard work Get back into planting shape with us! SUNNYSIDE PHYSICAL THERAPY SERVICES www.yakimaspecialties.com 839-0414 • Se Habla Español 841 E. LincolnAve. March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - B-9 Growing like a weed continued from page B-9 Gardeners, is usually between May 15 and September 15. This varies from year to year and there are many microclimates. Also, when considering the space allotted for the garden, vegetables do best in full sun, with a minimum of six hours each day. Master Gardeners say a few of the leafy vegetables, such as lettuce and spinach, will grow in partial shade. Morning sun only may be sufficient for beets and carrots. Experts also say planting garden rows north to south for maximum light is a good idea. Gardeners should also keep in mind that good drainage is necessary. â€‘ Amber Schlenker can be contacted at 509-8374500, or email ASchlenker@DailySunNews.com Daily Sun News file photo Daily Sun News file photo Gardeners should keep in mind that good drainage is necessary. Companion planting is all about diversity, which is key to any healthy garden. 526 W. Yakima Valley Highway â€˘ Sunnyside, WA 98944 Take I-82 Exit 63 from Yakima or the Tri-Cities SUNNYSIDE NEW HOLLAND, llc. 509-837-2714 The highest company honor that recognizes outstanding achievement in all facets of business management and customer satisfaction. www.ssnh.com LOCAL enough to KNOW YOU, but big enough to meet ALL your needs! See us for all your harvest and rental needs. 30-300 hp B-10 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 Valley Auto Parts Weatherhead Hydraulic Hoses d u o r P Full Line of Tractor Fluids : k c & Much More! to sto Sunnyside 201 N. Sixth St. 837-6701 Grandview 233 Division St. 882-1078 (509) 829-9500 • ZILLAH Proudly Serving The Valley For 23 Years www.pioneer.com SEED CORN All purchases are subject to the terms of labeling and purchase documents. ®, SM TM Trademarks and service marks, registered or applied for, of Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc. Des Moines, Iowa, U.S.A. ©1998 PHII. GRANDVIEW LUMBER Building Material 710 West Country Rd. Grandview, WA 98930 Office: 509-882-2298 RES. 509-882-5039 FAX: 509-882-3440 CELL: Domestic, Irrigation & Community Wells 509-830-1418 Fleet & Commercial savings! 509-837-5501 www.cspeckmotors.com The best coverage in America Whichever comes first. See dealer for details. 61 E. Allen Rd., Sunnyside • I-82, Exit 69 All prices plus tax and license and a documentary fee of up to $150. Prices subject to prior sale. *Must trade-in a 1999 or newer GM vehicle. **Must own or lease a 1999 or newer GM Truck. Hurry, sale ends 3/31/13. Huge Inventory! Choose From our • 2 WD • 4 WD • Ext. Cabs • Crew Cabs 2013 silverado 1500 wT • Farm Trucks • Work Trucks Sale • Commercial Trucks $19,850 MSRP Speck Disc. Customer Cash Trade In Bonus* Truck Loyalty** $24,925 $625 $2,500 $1,000 $1,000 Vin#1GCNCPEX8DZ252589 2013 silverado 4x4 Ext. Cab WT MSRP Speck Disc. Customer Cash Trade In Bonus* Truck Loyalty** $34,565 $1,316 $3,000 $1,000 $1,000 Vin#1GCRKPE72DZ273250 SAVE $5,125 SAVE $6,316 2 Year/24,000 mi. maintenance See Dealer For Details $ 24,249 Sale 2 Year/24,000 mi. maintenance See Dealer For Details March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - B-11 Fruit ’n sun IN STOC 75N, 9 N and 105 5N K! JAVIER LOPEZ EFFICIENCY WITHOUT SACRIFICES. 2.9% 0% Amber Schlenker/Daily Sun News season FOR 60 MONTHS rental FINANCING FOR 48 MONTHS ON /lease ™ ON ANY NEW, IN-STOCK TRACTORS CASE IH MAGNUM SERIES options CASE IH FARMALL available 75N, 95N, 105N TRACTORS INDUSTRY LEADING FEATURES. Enjoy the smooth ride and comfort with the new optional suspended cab feature and the fingertip control with the New MultiControl Armrest console. The new generation of Magnum tractors will keep you comfortable, moving and more efficient. Who could ask for more? You did and we delivered! Stop in and see us today. Machinery Sales Thanks to sunny days and the rich agricultural industry in the Lower Valley, area residents can enjoy fresh-cut, fresh picked fruit and vegetables any time they are available. Lydia Hernandez cuts fruit at the Mexican Fresh Fruit stand near Lincoln Avenue and South 16th Street in Sunnyside during a sunny March afternoon, with a long line of waiting customers. FARMERS EQUIPMENT COMPANY 181 Factory Rd Sunnyside, WA 98944 181 Factory Rd. Sunnyside, WA 509-837-2580 509-837-2580 www.farmersequip.com www.farmersequip.com The ONLY authorized Case IH dealer in the Yakima Valley * Offer ends 3/31/2012. Customer participation subject to credit qualification and approval by CNH Capital America LLC. See your Case IH dealer for details and eligibility requirements. Down payment may be required. Not all customers may qualify for this rate or term. CNH Capital America LLC standard terms and conditions will apply. Taxes, freight, set-up, delivery, additional options or attachments not included in suggested retail price. Offer subject to change or cancellation without notice. (509) 643-4249 Over 30 years of serving farmer’s needs. Sales, parts and service Store hours: Monday-Friday 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. 521 Midvale Road, Space B • Sunnyside Known for its American made reliability. Parma boxes come with standardized running gear. Custom configurations available. we are here when you need us — Our business is keeping your equipment running. The premier chopper available on the market. Known for high production, ease of handling, user friendly comfort and exceptional product support. B-12 - Daily Sun News Fertilizer company growing in Mabton by Jennie McGhan Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 MABTON – Peter Aleman was working for a fertilizer company in the Yakima and Columbia region when he decided to branch out and start his own company, Bio-Gro. He formed the company in the late 1980s, according to Bio-Gro Research and Development Manager Eric Harwood. “He found the perfect location near Mabton,” said Harwood, stating the company has been contributing to the Mabton and Lower Yakima Valley economy ever since it was formed. The company, he said, manufactures more than 100 different products. “Our humic acid fertilizer is the primary product manufactured at the facility,” said Harwood, noting the company produces both organic and conventional fertilizers for agricultural use. Humic acid fertilizer was the first product manufactured by Aleman’s early venture and the company continues to grow. Olga Turnbull is the company’s international sales and marketing manager. She said the company produces approximately 2 million gallons of fertilizer each year and as many as 30 people are employed by Bio-Gro during the peak times. Harwood said “We market our products primarily in Washington, California and Wisconsin.” However, he said, Bio-Gro products are distributed in at least six other states, including Florida, Nebraska, Idaho, Oregon, Michigan and Arizona. “We are a wholesale operation,” said Harwood, noting the company has two warehouses from which the company’s fertilizer products are distributed, one in the Fresno, Calif. area and one in Grand Jennie McGhan/Daily Sun News Eric Harwood, research and development manager at Bio-Gro, stands beside a screening device that makes the company’s fertilizer more refined and liquified to keep fertigation lines from being plugged. Marsh, Wis. The company has been expanding its reach into international markets, as well. Harwood said Bio-Gro recently shipped products to Ireland. With the expansion Turnbull, a veteran employee, took on new responsibilities. Harwood said, “The company doesn’t compost plant or animal products.” He said its fertilizers are made from natural products like humigant, a bi-product of lignite coal. The company’s conventional fertilizers, said Harwood, are specifically formulated for different crops. The products are made for both soil and foliage application processes, depending on the needs of the grower. “Some crops we capitalize on include potatoes destined for potato chips in Wisconsin and Washington, as well as strawberries grown in California,” said Harwood. “We don’t produce nitrogen-based fertilizers,” he said, stating the humic acid fertilizers help plants absorb nutrients better. Harwood said the humic acid fertilizer increases nutrient availability, efficiency and retention. It helps stimulate and improve soil microbiology. Turnbull said Bio-Gro completes a soil analysis for growers to determine which of the company’s products will provide the best results. Harwood said the soil analysis is conducted at an outside lab, but the company has an in-house lab that ensures the integrity of Bio-Gro’s fertilizer products. In addition to contributing to the local economy, Harwood said Bio-Gro is focused on its philanthropy projects, as well. The company sends two cents for every gallon of fertilizer product sold to Africa. Those contributions funded the construction of an orphanage and now are being used to construct a greenhouse and other facilities like a chicken coop to help the see “Fertilizer company” next page Jennie McGhan/Daily Sun News Two cents for every gallon of Bio-Gro fertilizer sold is sent to Africa. The contributions funded the construction of an orphanage there. March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - B-13 Jennie McGhan/Daily Sun News Employees of Mabton’s Bio-Gro are proud of the company’s support of local schools and an orphanage in Africa. Pictured are (front L-R) Debbie Wyatt, Trudy Thomas, Eric Harwood, Lori Emard and Olga Turnbull; (back L-R) Steve Blodgett, Don Thomas and Doug Sandvick. Fertilizer company continued from page B-12 orphanage to become self-sustaining. The company also supports local schools in the Lower Yakima Valley, according to Harwood. He said Aleman is very proud of all his company has been able to accomplish in this way. ‑ Jennie McGhan can be contacted at 509-837-4500, or email JMcGhan@DailySunNews.com Always… OPEN TO THE PUBLIC! Retail Sales -Industrial Quantities Your “Single Source” Supplier Welding Products-Industrial supPlies industrial, medical & specialty gases rental equipment-safety supplies beverage systems-fire equipment welding inspection & testing WELDING EQUIPMENT SERVICE AND REPAIR! dAILY RENTALS-WEEKEND RENTALS 509 sCOON rD. • sUNNYSIDE (509) 837-6212 WWW.OXARC.COM Jennie McGhan/Daily Sun News Bio-Gro near Mabton uses large mixers to manufacture its humic acid fertilizer and other products sold to members of the agricultural industry. BOISE • COEUR D’ALENE • COLVILLE ELLENSBURG • HERMISTON • LA GRANDE LEWISTON • MOSES LAKE • NAMPA • OKANOGAN SUNNYSIDE • PASCO • SANDPOINT • sPOKANE WALLA WALLA • WENAtCHEE • YAKIMA B-14 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 Waiting for water specials this month’s “Pride” Special D Calf Starter 50 Lb. Bag $ Chick Starter 50 Lb. Bag Tim Graff/Daily Sun News These many rolls of irrigation hose hang on hop poles along Emerald Road south of Sunnyside waiting to be strung out and filled with water to nourish this coming year’s hops. $ Did you know? Washington state is the third largest exporter of food and agriculture products in the United States. 304 Yakima Valley Highway • 836-0267 Mon – Fri 8:00 – 5:30; Sat 8 – 12. Closed Sunday 13 49 14 Fencing EFFECTIVE MARCH 4-31, 2013 99 • Behlen • Powder River • Hutchinson Western new lower pricing! Hanging and Ground *select items/retail price Chicken Feeders & Waterers* 20 % OFF SAVE FUEL and time too! Make Sunnyside’s Tire Factory your ONE STOP SHOP! SERVICES: • Hot Oil Engine Flush • Coolant Flush • Transmission Flush • Differential Service • Transfer Case Service • Air Induction Cleaning • Power Steering Flush • Brake Fluid Flush • Air Conditioning Service Tire Factory is locally owned and operated. A huge selection of tires and wheels is featured for every use and vehicle. The staff prides itself in going “that extra mile” to serve their customers ... like on-the-farm service. Our trained mechanical techs are available to help with a variety of services. Family Owned & Operated The Greene Family Dave & Nancy (Owners) Rob, Dan & Kerri Relax by our fireplace and enjoy free refreshments! While your car is being serviced. 1410 Yakima Valley Hwy. • Sunnyside • Customer Lounge www.sunnysidetirefactory.com 839-8473 March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - B-15 B-16 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Yakima County is the largest county in Washington State for the number of farms (3,730), acres farmed (1.7 million) and ranks second for market value of production from agriculture sales ($850,000,000) ...it's what we do at our Wastewater Treatment Facility M ark Twain once observed that in the west “Whiskey’s fer drinkin’. Water’s fer fightin’.” While here in the Yakima Valley it may be more appropriate to say that milk is for drinking, water is definitely the source of great controversy and consternation. In the early 1970s, the water problem for the City of Sunnyside was treatment of wastewater. In order to alleviate capacity problems at the city’s wastewater treatment plant, the Port of Sunnyside built its Industrial Wastewater Treatment Facility. Routing wastewater from area’s food processing industries to the Port’s facility, rather than to the city’s municipal treatment plant, allowed the city to continue its population growth without having to add costly additional wastewater treatment capacity. In keeping with Sunnyside’s agricultural heritage, the Port of Sunnyside land applies treated industrial wastewater. Treatment Recycling... March 19, 2013 The Port of Sunnyside operates a state-of-the-art, ecologically sound, Industrial Waste Water Treatment Facility (IWWTF) permitted by the Washington State Department of Ecology. The Port serves sixteen food or food related industries, a steel fabricator and one pipe manufacturing plant. The Facility is located on approximately 550 acres including 3 treatment lagoons and 400 acres of sprayfields. In 2012, the Port received 42,845,100 cubic feet of water discharged from the industries (320,482,348 gallons). The 2012 breakdown is as follows: Darigold 60%, Valley Processing 10%, Independent Foods 15%, Johnson Foods and Johnson Cannery 8%. The balance of our influent, 7% came from Centennial Tank, DRR Fruit, LTI/ Milky Way, JM Eagle and Yakima Chief. of the wastewater discharged from the Sunnyside food processing industries begin in a series of aerated lagoons. Air is supplied to the water in these lagoons. This air aids microbes in the water to use contaminates as food. After flowing through the aerated lagoons, the water is stored in a forty-acre storage lagoon until it is sprinkled on alfalfa. The treatment of the water is completed by the soil/plant system, with most of the water being taken up by the vegetation. The Port of Sunnyside will continue to seek ways to attract new industry to the community, as well as to provide opportunities for expansion of our existing industries. As it considers options for furnishing additional low cost industrial wastewater treatment capacity, it will explore methods using the wastewater it receives to address other water issues the Lower Yakima Valley faces. The harvest is then cut and sold to local daries and beef cattle ranches. This process is referred to as “cradle to grave recycling.” 2640 E. Edison Ave., Suite 1 P.O. Box 329, Sunnyside, WA 98944 - (509) 839-7678 After the industrial waste water has been treated and processed, it is applied to 400 acres of alfalfa fields. Tours of the facility and sites may be arranged for interested parties by calling 839-7678 We would like to extend our gratitude to both the farmers and industries in our area for helping our community prosper. Arnold Lee Martin President Jim Grubenhoff Vice President Jeff Matson Secretary March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - C-1 C section A special supplement to the Daily Sun News and Sun News Shopper • March 19, 2013 NEWS ‘today’S local newS today’ DAILY SUN C-2 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 Hybrid program provides additional learning opportunities for wine specialists by Jennie McGhan GRANDVIEW – Students participating in the Yakima Valley Community College viticulture and enology programs have greater opportunities to learn using what program director Trent Ball calls a hybrid program. The program integrates online coursework with hands-on classroom instruction. “Some lecture-based classes can be taught online,” Ball explained, stating the flexibility of the online classes provides students the opportunity to maximize their time on campus. Ball said the ability to integrate online courses with the traditional classroom work was made possible via a National Science Foundation grant. see “Hybrid program” next page Yakima Valley Community College Grandview campus offers what are called hybrid courses in viticulture and enology, giving students the ability to receive classroom instruction mixed with online instruction. Time in the classroom also provides an opportunity to interact with students on the Yakima campus as seen on the monitors in the background. Jennie McGhan/Daily Sun News ARA DEON R HERNDON, ARA Accredited Rural Appraiser Rural Real Estate Appraiser 4514 Independence RD Sunnyside WA,98944 Cell: 509-830-0653 Fax: 509-839-3831 email@example.com Commercial • Homes • Cabin • Remote Properties Your Affordable Hot Water Solution Sales & Installation Card Enterprises - Charlie & Linda Card Specializing in Farm and Facility Appraisals in South Central Washington (509) 786-4970 • (509) 788-1234 The sun is shining keep smiling & we will keep you in hot water cardeel894jm Welcome Farmers! Design Sales Service Excellent Service rices! At Wholesale P able! Deliveries Avail Branch Manager Roger Candanoza Bos Refrigeration • A/C • Heating • Sheet Metal When You Buy from Irrigation Specialists Free Design Do-It-Yourself Irrigation Company in the Northwest The Largest Featuring Universal Gear Boxes Drivelines Pivot Orchard & Vinyard Sales Jon Hayter Authorized Dealer #BOSRE✩✩964P5 Grandview 815 Wallace Way (509) 882-2060 (509) 547-1761 (509) 488-5623 1-800-959-1535 1-800-959-1536 2410 N. 4th Ave. Pasco 1155 S. Broadway Othello Orchard & Vineyard Design John Mayo 3940 Alexander Road • Sunnyside, WA 98944 (509) 839-3466 March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - C-3 Hybrid program continued from page C-2 He said the college was provided the ability to design the principles for online instruction using the grant funding. “It’s a different structure,” said Ball, stating the goal of the program is to provide students the same experience online as they would have in a lecture hall. Students still have labs, discussions and practical application work that must be completed on campus. However, there are discussion boards, videos and modules online to further the educational experience. Ball said many of Yakima Valley Community College’s students must balance their educational needs with work and family. In the fall, several of the viticulture and enology students serve as interns at area wineries. That, said Ball, can make it difficult to arrive on campus in a timely fashion. Online courses, said Ball, are taught in blocks lasting one week each. There are milestones that must be reached to achieve academic progress. With the online courses, a student can log in at specified times for the purpose of interacting with classmates. They can at other times log in at their convenience to view lectures via video. Ball said the model is considered student-centered because it places more control of the learning process in the hands of the student. He said it empowers the students, helping them to better retain the information learned. The students are more proactive, according to Ball. In the classroom, winemaking students work on hands-on activities like measuring titrations, filtration and bottling. The viticulture students are involved in learning pruning techniques, how to gather bud counts and canopy management. “The advantage of a hybrid program is that it allows students to use all facets of the brain,” said Ball, stating students are obtaining knowledge via auditory, visual and hands-on learning. Ball said the students are also better able to focus on the coursework during their down time, time when other responsibilities aren’t a distraction. ‑ Jennie McGhan can be contacted at 509-837-4500, or email JMcGhan@ DailySunNews.com Students taking online courses in viticulture and enology at Yakima Valley Community College also spend time in the classroom. Here, students learn about Eastern European terroirs in Catherine Jones’ classroom from guest presenter Jack Watson (left). Jennie McGhan/Daily Sun News CHAIN SAWS STARTING AT $17995 AmericA’s FAvorite $1000 PLUS IN AMERICA. % # 1 2.99 REBATES UP TO * * FINANCING A S LOW AS ** BUILT IN AMERICA. BLOWERS STARTING AT $14995 TRIMMERS STARTING AT $16995 FS 40 C-E TRIMMER stihl is the 16995 BG 55 selling BrAnd oF hAndheld outdoor Power equiPm sAve ! ride today find your$20 $ BG 55 HANDHELD BLOWER MS 170 CHAIN SAW $ 14995 $ 17995 16” bar † Lightweight, fuel-efficient trimmer Proven handheld blower at an affordable price Great for quickly cleaning driveways, sidewalks and hard-to-reach places Optional vacuum and gutter kit attachments available Lightweight saw for woodcutting tasks around the home IntelliCarb™ compensating carburetor maintains RPM level Anti-vibration system for more comfortable operation STIHL Easy2Start™ hanDhELD system makes BLOwER starting almost effortless $ 14995 SimpleProven and reliable handheld blower starting procedure at an affordable price with stop switch Great for quickly cleaning driveways, that returns to the sidewalks start position for and hard-to-reach places added convenience Optional vacuum and gutter kit attachments available O MS 250 Chain Saw Offer good through 12/31/11 at participating dealers while supplies last. Features great power-to-weight ratio for quick work of firewood cutting and around-the-home tasks Includes side-access chain tensioner for easy chain adjustment 6 1 9 1 5 s 7 5 9 0 5 n we Trade-Ins Welcome WaS $ 319 95 now just 1707 N. 1st Street • Yakima, WA 98901 $ F $ 299 95 MS 290 STihL FaRM BOSS® 39995 20" bar ms 2 *Offe CYCLE, IN C. 18” bar Our #1 selling chain saw model Features adjustable automatic bar and chain oiler and side-access chain tensioner for ease of use ch All prices are SNW-SRP. Available at participating dealers while supplies last. †The actual listed guide bar length can vary from the effective cutting length based on which powerhead it is installed on. © 2013 STIHL Automatic bar and chain oiler lets operator concentrate on cutting, not bar lubrication Includes IntelliCarb™ compensating carburetor to help maintain engine’s correct RPM and carburetor preheat shutter for summer/winter operation DOUBLE YOUR WARRANTY when you purchase a 6-pack of stihl hp ultra oil or moto-mix. See dealer for details. warranty COUNT ON US FOR: double your All prices SNW-SR when you PurchAse A 6-PAck oF stihl hP ultrA oil Double limited warranty protection applies to STIHL g non-income producing, family and household purpose Eastway Shopping Center 837-6401 • free set-up • Reliable advice • in store parts Did you know? Japan, Canada, China, Taiwan and the Philippines are the top five markets for Washington agricultural exports. HOURS: Mon.-Fri. 8-7 • Sat. 8-6 • Sun. 9-5 Visa, Mastercard, Discover and American Express Honored at Participating Ace Stores. Har dw are Hardware two factory-trained technicians on staff to handle your repair needs! OF THE authorized stihl service center *A majority of STIHL products are built in the United States from domestic and foreign parts Offers good on new and unregistered units purchased between 3/1/13 and 4/30/13. *On select models. See your dealer for details. **Rates as low as 3.99% for 36 months. Offers only available at and components. “Number one selling brand” is based on syndicated Irwin Broh Research as participating Polaris® dealers. Approval, and any rates and terms provided, are based on credit worthiness. Other ﬁnancing offers are available. Applies to the purchase of all new, qualiﬁed ATV and well as independent consumer research of 2009-2012 U.S. sales and market share data for the RANGER models made on the Polaris Installment Program from 3/1/13 to 4/30/13. Fixed APR of 3.99%, 6.99%, or 9.99% will be assigned based on credit approval criteria. An example of monthly *“Number one selling brand” is based on syndicated Irwin Broh Research (commercial well as independent consumer research of 2009-2011 U.S. sales andrequired marketon share data for the gasoline-powered handheld outdoor power payments required landscapers) on a 36-month as term at 3.99% is $29.08 per $1,000 ﬁnanced. An example of monthly payments a 36-month term at 9.99% APR is $32.26 per $1,000 ﬁnanced. See equipment categ gasoline-powered handheld outdoor power equipment category combined sales to consumers and participating retailers for complete details and conditions. Warning: The Polaris RANGER and RZR are not intended for on-road use. Driver must be at least 16 years old with a valid driver’s license to commercial landscapers. STIHLdealers.com operate. Passengers must be at least 12 years old and tall enough to grasp the hand holds and plant feet ﬁrmly on the ﬂoor. All SxS drivers should take a safety training course. Contact ROHVA at www. rohva.org or (949) 255-2560 for additional information. Drivers and passengers should always wear helmets, eye protection, protective clothing, and seat belts. Always use cab nets. Be particularly careful PleAse AlwAys weAr Protective APPArel oPerAting Any outdoor Power equiPment. on difﬁcult terrain. Never drive when on public roads or paved surfaces. Never engage in stunt driving, and avoid excessive speeds and sharp turns. Riding and alcohol/drugs don’t mix. Check local laws before riding on trails. ATVs can be hazardous to operate. Polaris adult models are for riders 16 and older. For your safety, always wear a helmet, eye protection and protective clothing, and be sure to take a safety training course. For safety and training information in the U.S., call the SVIA at (800) 887-2887. You may also contact your Polaris dealer or call Polaris at (800) 342-3764. ©2013 Polaris Industries Inc. STIHLde C-4 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 In it for the long haul WSU apple breeding program nears 20th year by John Fannin WENATCHEE – WA 2, WA 5, WA 38. They sound like names of secret agents, or maybe an odd Bingo game. But they are actually new breeds of apples produced by WSU’s Tree Fruit Research and Extension Center in Wenatchee, which is funded by growers and WSU. Getting the breeds to market requires upwards of 15 or even 18 years. That’s according to Dr. Kate Evans, an apple breeder at WSU’s Wenatchee center. “For the most part it’s on the longer side than on the shorter side,” Evans said of the time needed for apple breeding. She says the process all starts with cross pollinating two “parents” or apple breeds. “We end up with orchards full of several thousand unique seedlings,” Evans said. Apple breeding is so time consuming, she adds, because of the painstaking process to determine which one of the thousands of seedlings is the best prospect for initial development. Then there are additional phases where the chosen seedling is propagated, multiplied and refined year after year. Then there’s the time needed for that perfect seedling to mature and produce enough woody tissue to sup- port growth and, eventually, produce fruit. For example, WA 2 was the first apple created in Washington for Washington’s growing climate. WSU’s Wenatchee center started work on that new breed in 1994 but it didn’t get to growers – who call it Crimson Delicious – until 2009. In fact, the process takes so long that Dr. Bruce Barritt, who started WSU’s apple breeding program in Wenatchee, retired in 2008 before WA 2 came to fruition. Evans started working at the Wenatchee center in 2008, moving here from England, where she was also involved in apple breeding. She’s tickled to have been on board in time to see WA 2, the state’s first apple, go to market. “It’s very exciting,” Evans says. “For an industry of this size it’s about time the state had its own apple.” She says the apple breeding program started here because prior to that time there were no apple variesee “Long haul” next page Even sweeter, tarter and crisper than WA 2, WSU’s WA 38 may reach growers this year as part of the university’s apple breeding program. photo courtesy Dr. Bruce Barritt xers for Beef and Dairy EQUIPMENT 149 HP, 3+ yds. Bucket Capacity 65ZV-2 shown Rotomix/2005 Peterbilt 1355 TM USED MIXERS* *Partial inventory listing - please call or check our website for complete list of available used equipment! $79,000 Rotomix 455 455 Pull Type $19,900 $37,000 Rotomix/1996 International Truck 1355TM $55,000 Supreme International 900T 110 Factory Rd. Sunnyside* (509) 836-0602 sseqinc.com Standard-Duty Dual-Spindles DS120 shown 120-inch, Pull Type Auto-Mix Vertical 1505 shown 1100 to 1500 cu. ft. Truck, Trailer, or Stationary Glider Models Available y authorized dealer in eastern Washington Truck Mount Twin Screw Feed Processor 1072 cu. ft. • 1200T shown e have affiliated with Empire Heavy Equipment Repair to and Repair Service provide Local, On-Site Parts Your only Authorized Dealer in Eastern Washington for Sales, Parts & Service Call Joel today at (509) 840-1149 W Turbo-Mist S38P500TSC shown 500 Gallon Capacity Available at Loewen Honey Vac® Model 5000 shown EQUIPMENT S S S.S. EQUIPMENT ww.sseqinc.com ww AGRICULTURE Christmas Valley (541) 576-3026 Hermiston (541) 567-3001 Hines (541) 573-1280 ipmen LaGrande t (541) 963-8144 sequ .c o m Lakeview (541) 947-2188 ww.s 11 LOCATIONS TO SERVE YOU Moses Lake Othello Pasco Quincy Walla Walla (509) 764-8447 (509) 488-9606 (509) 547-1795 (509) 787-3595 (509) 522-9800 5 Bar Series Basket Rake *not an authorized New Holland location G2-5 shown with Full Tine Option, 24” Diameter Drive March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - C-5 Long haul continued from page C-4 ties specifically bred and selected for the growing conditions in this state. And that’s important, she adds, because Washington state has prime growing conditions for apples. “We have very low humidity and that’s a big influence,” Evans said. “We don’t have the prevalence of diseases there are elsewhere.” While noting the risk for apples here is primarily sunburn from summer heat, she says the fall climate in Eastern Washington is perfect for apple growing. “In the fall when the apples are ripening we have a really good temperature difference between day and night and that helps them to ripen up nicely and color.” The result of apples bred for Washington’s conditions is WA 2 – a cross between Splendour and Gala with a firm, crisp sweet taste with a good amount of tartness – and WA 38 – a product of Honey Crisp and Enterprise apples that’s even more crisp sweet and tart. But not all of the apple breeds reach growers and markets. While WA 2 was released in 2009 and WA 38 will hopefully be released this year, WA 5 ended up being a no go. Evans says that’s because though WA 5 tasted and looked great, it did not fare well in storage. It’s been nearly 20 years since WSU started its apple breeding program, and Evans says its not resting on the good results with WA 2 and WA 5. In fact, she says the next breed or breeds of apples are already in the pipeline. It’s too soon to say which one will make it, or what number it will be given, but Evans says right now she has 24,000 seedlings in the ground at the Wenatchee center. “The thing about the breeding program is that it’s an ongoing process, every year we make new crosses, new pollinations,” Evans says. “It’s a long term commitment to move things forward.” But the commitment to new apple breeds is one she’s happy to make. “That’s basically what it’s like to be a tree fruit breeder,” Evans says. “As breeders it’s a legacy we leave behind.” Dr. Kate Evans M ERIT Toppenish (509) 865-5233 Wapato (509) 877-7271 “Steps to a Brighter Tomorrow” RESOURCE SERVICES Effective Treatment With Caring, Competent People Can Make A Difference 702 E. Franklin Avenue P.O. Box 997 Sunnyside, WA 98944 (509) 837-7700 SALES • SERVICE • INSTALLATIONS berkeley pumps & ELECTRIC MOTORS INC. Domestic & Irrigation Pumps • Submersible • Irrigation • Turbine • Sump Pumps • B & B Chlorinators Flex-Con Pressure Tanks DAVIS PUMPS Franklin Pumps goulds water systems Yakima (509) 469-9366 837-5303 Service All Brands Domestic & Irrigation Pumps 2500 Sunnyside/Mabton Hwy. READY TO HELP • Staffed By All Board Certified Physicians • Level IV Trauma Certified Emergency Room • 13 Expanded and Renovated Treatment Rooms (Thanks to Community Support) 24/7 Irma Mejia, R.N. 10th & Tacoma • 837-1500 If you are in an emergency call 9-1-1 F C-6 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 Zirkle expands services to include wine crush facility by Jennie McGhan PROSSER – Zirkle Fruit Company in Prosser wants to serve a variety of fruit growers in the area and last year embarked on a new venture. The company added a new grape crush facility for wine grape growers and wineries in the Yakima Valley. The facility was constructed last year and opened to wineries during the October 2012 crush season, according to Cellar Master Erubiel Clara. There are two winemakers at the facility, David Forsythe and Frederique Spencer. Their combined 50 years experience in winemaking helps the facility produce a quality product, according to Operations Manager David Copeland. Copeland and Forsythe have experience working for Hogue Cellars and Mercer Estates. Spencer hails from France, but has been making wine in Washington for nearly 20 years. She said, “This facility is really unique.” Spencer said she has worked in cramped quarters, but the Zirkle Wine Co. facility is spacious and has the capacity to store 1.2 million gallons of wine. There are also plans to add more storage tanks at the facility. She is also proud of the company’s foresight and care of the grapes to be processed at the facility. The hoppers used for receiving Jennie McGhan/Daily Sun News Zirkle Wine Co. has storage tanks in its newly constructed grape crush facility to hold approximately 1.2 million gallons of wine. The tanks are different sizes for custom crush wines. the grapes are separated according to white and red grapes. They are also 18 feet above the ground level to allow a gravity fed conveyor system transport the grapes from the hopper to the crush facility. Enologist Becca Bailey said, “The process is gentler on the fruit.” Once the crushed grapes are in the storage tanks, said Clara, there is a system that removes the carbon dioxide from the tanks. Spencer said a vacuum is attached to the top of each tank during the fermentation process. She said another part of the system for red wines is the pump-over process used to keep the berry in contact with the juices, the “must,” for continuous extraction of tannins. “It’s like a coffee machine,” said Spencer, stating the juice is taken from the bottom of the storage tank and continually sprayed back into the top of the tank, giving the wine more color and tannins. “It’s very efficient,” she said. Clara said the facility is a custom crush facility, producing wines for various wineries in the area. Spencer said, “We follow the instructions from the client winemakers.” Bailey said each winemaker has his or her own protocols that must be followed by Zirkle Wine Co. “As the enologist, it’s my job to ensure the quality is maintained,” she said, stating each wine must be sampled and tested on a daily basis. For that, Zirkle Wine Co. has provided her a lab on site that is filled with the equipment needed to ensure the integrity of the product. Spencer said, “As a custom crush facility, Zirkle is trying to offer services like filtration, storage see “Zirkle expands” next page Jennie McGhan/Daily Sun News A state-of-the-art centrifuge is used at Zirkle Wine Co. Here, Cellar Manager Erubiel Clara and Winemaker Frederique Spencer talk about a request from a customer that wants to use the centrifugation process prior to fermentation. March 19, 2013 Valley Farmer - Spring Edition Daily Sun News - C-7 Zirkle expands continued from page C-6 and centrifugation.” She said the company is exploring the bulk wine market and last year made its own Riesling for that purpose. “That’s what is great about the wine industry…they are always trying something different.” Spencer continued, stating Zirkle has a customer that is interested in attempting the centrifugation process before the grapes are fermented. Typically, she said, centrifugation takes place after the fermentation process. Clara said Zirkle decided to venture out into the field of winemaking because the company currently owns approximately 3,000 acres of vineyards. Spencer said, “This allows the company to further its diversification…one of the challenges is each year training a new crew with little to no experience.” Clara said the permanent staff, however, met the challenge in 2012 and looks forward to a second season. ‑ Jennie McGhan can be contacted at 509-837-4500, or email JMcGhan@DailySunNews.com Jennie McGhan/Daily Sun News Samples from the custom crush wines being produced at Zirkle Wine Co. are taken each day to ensure quality. Zirkle Wine Co. Cellar Manager Erubiel Clara and Enologist Becca Bailey smell samples of wine made from pears and grapes before taste testing them. Jennie McGhan/Daily Sun News 1200 E. Lincoln • Sunnyside 837-5133 Replacing Windows In Your Business or Home is a Snap! Ask us about retro-fit windows WE DO MORE THAN BREAKAGE REPAIR! See us for replacement doors and windows, shower doors and tub enclosures. • Skylights • Shower doors • Garden windows • Solariums • Mirrors Also at Jennie McGhan/Daily Sun News • Table tops • Therma-Tru & Fiber Classic doors • Alside & Atrium windows • Summit windows and patio doors • Arcadia commercial entries the glass connection on lincoln Complete Auto Glass Replacement and Repair Services - One Convenient Stop! Winemaker Frederique Spencer draws wine from a barrel at Zirkle Wine Co. She said the wine was made specifically for Zirkle Fruit Company in an effort to explore the bulk wine market. C-8 - Daily Sun News Valley Farmer - Spring Edition March 19, 2013 Valley速 is the only irrigation company that designs, engineers and manufactures its gearboxes in the USA. The Valley Gearbox is the cornerstone of the center pivot and linear machines whose reputation for reliability stands tall worldwide. Visit valleygearbox.com to learn more about the one gearbox that is proudly AMERICAN MADE, VALLEY STRONG. 1 2 See for yourself why Valley速 is the best value in the industry. Come out and walk our machines. See up close why industry experts, independent lab tests and, most importantly, growers themselves consider Valley to offer the highest quality, for the best value. See how our commitment to the little things make Valley the best-selling machine in the industry. 1 3 2 3 The closer you get, the better we look. Sunnyside, WA Pasco, WA Basin City, WA Hermiston, OR 509-837-9006 509-547-1623 509-269-4725 541-564-0490 319 South Hill Rd. - Sunnyside, WA Northwest Inc.