The Legend of Sleepy Hollow - Study Guide
The Legend of Sleepy Hollow Study guide... to enhance educational experiences!
presents Based on the story by Washington Irving Presented by Theater IV STUDY GUIDE The Legend of Sleepy Hollow is set in Tarrytown, a place where strange things happen and the townsfolk seem entranced by tales of spirits and superstitions. Ichabod Crane, a welleducated teacher who comes to live in this small enchanted village, meets a mysterious fate. He attends a party at the home of Katrina Van Tassel, a young lady with whom he is much smitten. During the festivities, he is humiliated by his egotistical rival, Brom Van Brunt and rushes out of the party wondering if he has been the target of a cruel joke. His horse is later found grazing alone, near his trampled hat and the mysterious remains of a slimy pumpkin. Whatever happened to Ichabod? No one knows for sure. Perhaps he left town. Perhaps he was the victim of a cruel prank. Or, as legend has it, perhaps he met the dreaded Headless Horseman who allegedly haunts Sleepy Hollow. Main Cast School headmaster, very superstitious Ichabodâ€™s sweetheart, daughter of a wealthy farmer Ichabod Crane handsome town hero, Ichabodâ€™s rival the ghost of a Hessian soldier, silently rides his horse at night Brom Van Brunt Katrina Van Tassel Headless Horseman John Quidor The Headless Horseman Pursuing Ichabod Crane Oil on canvas; 1858 Courtesy of Smithsonian Amercian Museum Entranced: To fill someone with wonder and delight, holding their entire attraction. outcome, condition or end. Glossary Smitten: Captivate or influence and dominate by some special charm, art or trait and with an irresistible appeal. sense of self-importance. Fate: An inevitable and inescapable Egotistical: An exaggerated Washington Irving was born on April 3, 1783, the same week New York citizens learned of the British ceasefire that ended the American Revolution. Irvingâ€™s mother named him after the hero of the revolution, George Washington. He was the youngest of eleven children. His older brothers and sisters supported his early writing career, which allowed him to travel the Hudson River Valley and throughout Europe. He traveled through Spain and was appointed the Spanish ambassador in 1842. He returned to America in 1846 and settled in Tarrytown until he died November 28, 1859 and was buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery. Gilbert Stuart Newton, Washington Irving Oil on canvas, 1830 Historic Hudson Valley, Tarrytown, NY During his travels, Irving wrote a collection of short stories under pseudonyms, or pen names. As Americaâ€™s first best-selling author, Irving argued for stronger laws to protect American writers from copyright infringement. He was also an editor of several magazines and published the poem by Francis Scott Key that later became our national anthem. Did you know ? Who Were the Hessians? The best-known mention of a Hessian soldier is in “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.” The headless horseman is said to be the ghost of a Hessian soldier who silently rides through the battle scene each night in search of his head. Hessian soldiers were mercenary troops used by the British during the American Revolution. They were from a province in Germany called Hesse-Kassel. To improve national finances, Germany hired out the soldiers to other countries in return for money. Loyalists were upset that Britain was sending foreign troops to fight their own countrymen. This caused the British to lose support, even among those who didn’t agree with the Revolution. The surprise attack by George Washington in December of 1776 is a well-known battle with the Hessians. Washington crossed the Delaware River into Trenton, New Jersey at night and surprised the soldiers in their beds. Oil on canvas; 1851 Courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum of Art Above: Hessian Soldiers Below: Emanuel Leutze Washington Crossing the Delaware Mercenary: A person who takes part in a conflict and is compensated by one of the parties. Loyalist: American colonists who remained loyal to the British monarchy during the Revolutionary War. Tell a Scary Story! The people in The Legend of Sleepy Hollow like to tell the story of the Headless Horseman. Brom used the tale to scare and intimidate Ichabod. Think about stories you like to hear and television shows you like to watch. Are they scary? Are they unpredictable? We like stories that are interesting, have a twist or surprise and might even be a little scary. Using the story map below, write your own story and add a surprise ending. title and author characters setting theme problem solution with a surprise Explore Cartogr aphy As a traveling teacher, Ichabod Crane would have valued a good map to travel from village to village. Elements of a Good Map Cartographyâ€“ The study and practice of making maps. The Compass Rose The Compass Rose uses degrees, or quarters, to display the orientation of the cardinal directions - North, East, South and West. The circle can be very simple with only 4 directions, or complex with 32 points. Map Key The Map Key A table of symbols used on a map. Also called a map legend. Land Water Mountains Forest Small Town City River Hospital P Police F Fire Station Park Road Map Making 101 1. Study the elements of a good map. 2. Choose a familiar place that you would like to map, such as a neighborhood, your school grounds or your favorite park. 3. Create a key to label your map. Include important elements such as water fountains, office buildings, restrooms, trails and streets. 4. It is important to draw your map as accurately as possible. Things to look for and discuss after the show During the performance, pretend the actors and actions of the play are real. Part of this pretending includes accepting certain theatrical ways called theatre conventions. Here is what you want to look for. • Look for actors talking directly to the audience. Why do you think the playwright asked them to do this? • Look for the same actor playing several characters. Why do you think the producer didn’t hire more actors? • What are some ways the settings changed? How to play your part Attending a play is different from watching television and movies. The actors are right in front of you telling a story through words, songs, action, costumes, props and set. You have to watch and listen carefully to understand the story. To book a trip, call 304-561-3562 more info? www.theclaycenter.org/education One Clay Square, Charleston, WV (exit #100, Leon Sullivan Way) 10 YEARS CELEBRATING