Progressive Publication of the Claremont Colleges
t h e T O N M R E A C L ' the rockin boat april 2 0 ol IX 12| v |iss 4 TALENT GRAB How Claremont recruiting favors big business Pg. 16-17 Pg. 7 CLAREMONT DOMINATES FULBRIGHT AFFIRMATIVE ACTION GOES TO COURT Pg. 14-15 Thank You, C�sar Ch�vez The Claremont Colleges don't cancel class that often � I'm pretty sure we've never had a snow day, and even Presidents Day evades recognition. But there's always been that Friday at the end of March when the dining halls serve brunch and day class � thank you, science GE � I'd like to take a moment to honor the man we are celebrating this March 30: C�sar Ch�vez. For those of you who didn't attend California public schools, Ch�vez was a Latino civil rights hero who brought national attention to the plights of farm workers. In the 1960s and 70s, working conditions and wages for the men and women who grew our nation's produce were pitiful. Ch�vez, along with Dolores Huerta, stepped in to form the United Farm Workers of America. To make their union effective, Ch�vez and Huerta didn't just sign workers up for their cause � they built connections and asked for a deeper commitment. The union's most prominent action was the table grape boycott. To gain national support for their cause, striking grape growers travelled throughout the country to share their stories. In 1970, grape growers contracted with the union and workers won their rights. In this spirit, Pomona's dining hall workers have been trying to unionize for the past two years. And while I support their cause, I think we can all agree that the working conditions in Frary are far supein the 1960s. Especially as students, we're fortunate not to face struggles on the level of those experienced by the farm workers. But when we leave the Claremont bubble, many of us will go on to advocate for social change. In doing so, we must resist the temptation to restrict our activism to creating � or worse, simply sharing � a YouTube video. While we may spend more time on Facebook than interacting with our real-life friends, Ch�vez's organizing strategy of face-to-face connection-building is still the most effective way to gather support for a cause. Which brings me to Kony 2012. Controversy aside, releasing a 30-minute video that has generally evaded mass-media attention and having it go viral overnight is impressive. If its goal was to make Joseph Kony famous, the campaign has been Gets Better" campaign reaches LGBTQ teens who may not otherwise hear a supportive message � that's an innovative and productive use of digital communication. But neither campaign involves the shoeleather, grassroots organizing that made Ch�vez's advocacy successful. And that's why they'll only skim the surface of the larger problems. On the second anniversary of the passage of the Affordable Care Act, I joined the Twittersphere in saying #ThanksObamacare. My tweet was picked up by a GOP parody account and re-tweeted by 50+ strangers. That may have been great for my Klout score, but I doubt my tweet Comparatively, about a month ago I attended an Obama campaign volunteer training in the Claremont village. I was asked to share why I personally support the president � and my story made a woman cry. That's the kind of connection that promotes progress, whether to unionize farm workers or reelect Barack Obama. This C�sar Ch�vez Day, let's commemorate Ch�vez's legacy by remembering that achieving social change takes hard work. Tweet all you want � but tell your story to your roommate, too. april 2012| vol IX iss 4 the CLAREMONT EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Alyssa Roberts PUBLISHER Chelsea Carlson EDITOR EMERITUS MANAGING EDITORS Alex Heiney CAMPUS Sam Kahr WEB EDITOR NATIONAL Kathryn Yao Russell M. Page INTERNATIONAL Samantha Morse COPY EDITORS ILLUSTRATORS Angela Zhou, Caitlin Kenney, Chelsea Carlson The Claremont Port Side is dedicated to providing the Claremont Colleges with contextualized, intelligent reports to advance debate among students and citizens. This is a progressive newsmagazine that offers pertinent information and thoughtful analysis on the issues confronting and challenging our world, our country, and our community. Each article in the Claremont Port Side the Claremont Port Side, its editors, its staff, or the Claremont Colleges. Letters, Questions, Comments? email@example.com Campus Progress works to help young people -- advocates, activists, journalists, artists -- make their voices heard on issues that matter. Learn more at CampusProgress.org. Single copies ar e fr ee, to pur chase additional copies please contact us. firstname.lastname@example.org international Arab Spring Continues Syrians advocate against authoritarian regime By Deborah Frempong Staff Writer, PO `15 By now, we've all heard the story: On December 17, 2010, a Tunisian street vendor named Mohamed Bouazizi set himself on and her aides. Unbeknownst to him, this action would soon become the catalyst for the uprising in the Arab World known today as been forced from power, with civil uprisings and major protests breaking out in Algeria, Iraq, Jordan and other countries. in response to the protests and is essentially massacring its citizens. According to the United Nations, there have been between 9,100 and 11,500 uprising-related deaths in been reported cases of kidnapping and torturing of anyone who dares to speak out against the government, whether they are a declared protester or not. there are large restrictions for humanitarian aid. Much international pressure has been applied to Bashar's regime through sanctions and removal of foreign ambassadors, be struck." ian people, there are several hindrances to their movement. The involvement of Islamist groups such as Al-Qaeda and Hizbut-Tahrir has from supporting the movement with arms because of fears that these weapons will fall into the hands of terrorist organizations. Also, despite the increased pressure against President Bashar al-Assad, there are countries such as Russia, Venezuela, and Iran which continue to support the calling for a change in political rule. On January 26, 2011, after a reported case of calling for political reform and the reinstatement of civil rights. Over 120,000 protesters have called for the resignation of President state of emergency since 1963. Azmi Hauron PZ `15, whose parents are Port Side that the uprising ia's authoritarian regime mirrors many of its neighbors' governments that have collapsed, from California, the issue is not as distant from the Claremont Colleges as one may expect. Many students and faculty were born in the Middle East or have close connections with the Arab world. Hauron is just one student who has been personally affected by However, the government is not without percent of the country does not support the current president, mainly from populations in rural areas. However there is still a respectable amount of support for Bashar coming from other Alawis as well as upwho are simply worried for their lives if they were to speak their minds. Bashar al-Assad was initially praised as a reformer of security and economic conditions, yet the uprisings begun as a result of the terrible economic conditions and lack of civil liberties." about a month. Not being able to visit the country itself is very emotionally taxing because I feel a genuine connection with my more is not being able to seriously improve the situation quickly and watch the death toll increase," he explained. Hauron raises an important point about the limitations of aid, especially by individuals. When asked what � and, by extension, students in Claremont seeking to alleviate human rights abuses � are many online groups that anyone can donate to or sign a petition for, but unfortunately no matter how interested someone is, It is appalling when a government starts killing its own people. Leaders are elected to help their citizens, to protect them and than validated in asking for their rights and in demanding accountability from their government. However, the ethnic and sectarian undertones in this struggle leave people wondering about the future stability of the oil-rich nation. people will remain strong and the international community will assist in championing their aspirations for basic human rights and an accountable government. international Should we celebrate "Man's Day" too? By Elham Yusuf-Ali Staff Writer, CMC `15 March 8, 2012 marked the celebration of International Women's Day, when women across the globe are appreciated with gifts some cultures, a reprieve from household responsibilities. In India, women marched in solidarity and women-led organizations marked their legacy in newspapers and television reports. In Russia, the day is actually a public holiday. In our very own enthusiasm the validation of this day. Claremont McKenna's Gender Equality Task Force celebrated all week by organizing speakers on women's issues, a petition for reproductive rights, a clothing drive, and other activities. ing that it isolates men. This criticism raises questions about how to bridge the genders in issues of inequality. Those who support International Women's Day are now looking for ways to foster understanding and support from men on that day and also for Contemporary critics of International Women's Day question the microscopic focus on women because it alienates men. Audrey Bilger, CMC Professor of Litera- As a discipline that grapples with questions of justice, inclusion, and belonging, International Women's Day is an imporinterview with the Port Side, Claremont International Women's Day inspires us to learn about women's experiences around the world and to advocate for International Women's Day over a hundred years ago, women's rights have made great strides around the globe, and those advancements are worth celebration." Though the day serves as a reminder of women's history and a marker of achievement, it is also important to investigate how the day continues to shape Women's men as there are with women, women are a focal focus on this day because they are a more disenfranchised group than men in a multivariable system. It is imperative to investigate the interlocking systems of oppressions." It is fundamental to contextualize the issue of inequality between both genders based on social and cultural interwoven webs. Therefore, though this day focuses on women's issues, there is no assertion that women's issues are more important than men's issues. Additionally it is necessary to incorporate men into International Women's Day and therefore minimize negative views that stem from alienation. Bilgwomen too. We are used to putting men's accomplishments as a universal ideal. We should also put women's perspectives set aside one day to appreciate women? An even more pressing question involves the - 1913-14 IWD USED TO PROTEST WWI 1971 5,000 WOMEN PROTEST IN LONDON DEMANDING CHILDCARE, EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES, AND EASIER ACCESS TO SAFE ABORTION 1909 ON FEB. 28TH, THE U.S. OBSERVES THE FIRST NATIONAL WOMEN'S DAY 1948 THE UNITED NATIONS ADOPTS THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS international as universal and not only as a `women's' perspective." from universal gender equality. In looksystems are coded with gender and privilege hyper-masculinity. This not only impairs women but men as well. Men hold earn only 77 cents on the male dollar, and the media continues to subjugate women for their sexuality. On the other hand, men who do not conform to ideals of hyper-masculinity, such as fathers who prefer to stay home and raise their children, are ridiculed and emasculated. One step towards altering this oppressive system can be taken in International Women's Day, a day that in some cultures valorizes those who perform domestic work. Reducing the stigma of strong move towards equality. In trying to correct system of imbalances, Bilger physical being and gender divide." But perhaps a International Women's Day is not necessarily the best way to reduce the gender divide. Caitlin Highland CMC `14, an International Relations major, believes that it is more important to focus on domestic women's issues than international ones. Highland asserts that education is key in alerting both women and men to the great inequalities in our own country. However, she also noted women [would] affect change in the international hemisphere." As an advocate for equal opportunities, Highland believes that International Women's Day is part of a larger scheme of gender equity involving men advocatin women's issues." Highland explained that similar concerns affect both genmaternity leave to take care of her newborn, so should a man in order for him to be with his family at that important time." Lastly, Highland argued that we can bridge women's studies and men's towards a common goal." International Women's Day is an excellent place to establish mutual respect for both women and men. Despite such leaps in female empowerment worldwide, there is still much to be done to accomplish gender equality. Ac- Women's Day is integral in drawing aterty, disenfranchisement, violence, and lack of access to education and health care, which deny women full rights and limit their freedoms and opportunities." Awareness is one element but action is tial to remember that this action cannot ing equality and freedom for all people will take continued effort and vigilance throughout the year." Though originally celebrated to appreciate women in the domestic realm, International Women's Day has grown into a global activist movement by women and men for women and men. The day should not be used to isolate the genders but unite them in countering similar plights and vanquishing inequalities. In striving for equality between men and women, International Women's Day develops unique intellectual frameworks and teaches students how power, privilege, and difference shape our individual identities and society as a whole. 2008 SEXUAL VIOLENCE RECOGNIZED AS MATTER OF INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY 1979 U.N. ADOPTS AN BILL OF INTERNATIONAL RIGHTS FOR WOMEN 2010 U.N.WOMEN 1975 INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S YEAR CELEBRATED AND U.N. HOLDS ITS FIRST OBSERVANCE OF IWD CREATION OF 1982 WOMEN IN IRAN PROTEST ON IWD BY DISCARDING THEIR VEILS national Democracy.com The internet is changing activism, but it has limits By Chelsea Thompson Contributing Writer SC `14 This past year has unlocked the potential power of the internet as a political tool. lutions to the Facebook-organized Workers for Justice protests right here in Claremont, the internet's capacity for rapid information-sharing across vast distances has indicated the growing power of the web in mobilizing citizens around causes. Two particular instances in recent months highlight the power of the internet an adPlanned Parenthood confrontation and the protests surrounding the controversial net in new and interesting ways. The ideological mobilization around these issues took place almost entirely on social media sites and political news blogs -- although there were no physical marches, the rapid spread of information facilitated a mass response, highlighting the unique way in which the web is able to assist democratic movements. Proponents of the internet are claiming that we have entered a new era of internet fessor Alex Juhasz cautions against such one would want to argue that the new networked platforms for media expression are not useful for political expression and organizing," said Juhasz, who teaches classes on the politinot true, but I think that's a very simplistic way of thinking about them. It allows us to not notice the ways that they are not serving us." ing political transparency. Thanks to the internet, it's a lot easier for the public to understand and evaluate the process." tunity to spread and gather political innot just the internet but social media in particular to be able to spread political commentary or analysis or information," are sold to us and understood as forms for democratic expression and the broadening of voice are unsuccessful at this point in what their potential radical possibilities owned by corporations that have other needs than our radicalized free speech." nomics major, is also dubious about the typical narrative of the internet as a demogovernment likes to make us believe that freedom of speech isn't violated as much as it actually is," said Yakobi, whose status as an international student gives her sorship that I notice when I'm looking at news." However, despite censorship and corporate ownership of social media platforms and news sources, the internet can still be used to promote transparency in politics that is crucial to the democratic process. along information and share his own political opinions. Juhasz, however, is critical of the wide big myths about internet communication is that the more people that hear you the better, there's some sort of un-thought through premium on numbers," said Judoesn't mean anyone's listening and it doesn't mean what you're saying has any effect. There's this illusory feeling of having participated by speaking. When one is attempting to be political, it is not just that your opinion is expressed, it's that after your opinion is expressed something that sprang up online a few weeks ago aims to do just this: turn talk into action. But whether the actions that the campaign promotes � to donate to Invisible Children and make Joseph Kony a household name � will actually help lead to his arrest is controversial. Juhasz discourages thinking of the internet as a democratic end in itself, instead viewing it as part of a total experience that results in political action on the the pulse of the world and think about the ways these technologies buttress, effect, contribute to, augment, and alter behaviors that we've already had as human beings, but ultimately come back to that pulse." ernment at Claremont McKenna. The website aims to clarify the redistricting process, which often redraws the borders of congressional districts for purely political reasons. not only because it makes it possible for everyone to get access to this process, but source is incredibly powerful in improv- international Fostering Fulbright Despite 5C popularity, relevance of Fulbright in question By Julia Starr Staff Writer, CMC `12 This month, students across the 5Cs will or rejection from the Fulbright Program, program which funds recipients to study, conduct research, or teach abroad. The program operates in over 155 countries, and has funded approximately 307,000 individuals over the past six and a half decades. As our fellow classmates come one step closer to participating in next year's Fulbright Program, we should reof a half-century old program in today's geopolitical atmosphere. bring a little more knowledge, a little more reason, and a little more compassion into world affairs, and thereby to increase the chance that nations will learn at last to law by President Truman in 1946, the Fulbright Program began in the wake of pressures to establish itself as a world hegemon and promote a wider understanding of its founding principles and character. Congress was keen on avoiding the potential carnage of a World War III and believed that educational exchanges would foster a community of nations reluctant to take up arms against each other. After successful exchanges in Western European countries, the Fulbright Program expanded to regions of Asia as well as Latin America. A focus on American studies and English instruction encourages an increase in international knowlInherent in the exchanges are the social interactions grantees experience on a dayto-day basis; the program relies on this human interaction to build and strengthen a global net of camaraderie, which diminishes the risk of cultural ignorance and misunderstanding. Although World War II may appear long past to young adults today, the risk of misunderstanding foreign peoples, leading to xenophobic and uninformed decision-making, remains a threat to international harmony. The recent rise of Islamophobia in America is an example of how harmful stereotypes can be perpetuated about a country, region, or group of people. tunity to live and work abroad," conductorder to establish mutual understanding ivia Uranga CMC `12, submitted an application to teach English in the Middle Eastern country of Bahrain. As a Middle Olivia spent a semester studying abroad in Oman, and hopes that by living and working in Bahrain she can continue perfecting her Arabic and become immersed once again in Middle Eastern culture. In two cultures together is invaluable." In recent years, the Claremont Colleges have performed exceptionally well in Fulbright acceptances. Pitzer College has been ranked #1 by the Chronicle of Higher Education as the top producer of colleges for the past eight years. Approximately a quarter of Pitzer students apply for fellowships each year, and about a quarter of these applicants receive them � last year 19 Pitzer students accepted Fulbright scholarships. The other 5Cs also performed well in the 2010-2011 Fulbright cycle, with awards granted to 15 students from Pomona, three from CMC, Mudd. On campus and abroad, debate continues over the contemporary relevance of the Fulbright Program. However, positive feedback received from past Fulbright participants and the enthusiasm of current applicants indicates a healthy trajectory of the program into the future. The effects on the international community fact that misconceptions of foreign cultures remain today reinforces the necessity of programs that encourage bilateral cooperation and mutual understanding. C MC ` 1 2 , Ful b ri g h t Fi n al i st Olivia Uranga advisor, spoke with the Port Side about the strengths and character of Fulbright the individual as well as the community abroad and at home, and people get to bright they really stress that you have a long-standing passion for all things international." This of course does not imply that applicants are limited to International Relations majors; this year applications came from such varied disciplines as economics, literature, language, and philosophy. Among the positive attributes of Fulbright are points of contention that question the contemporary relevance and ultimate impact of the program, which may deter potential applicants from applying. Erica Bellman CMC '12 stated - " " Any organization that brings two cultures together is invaluable. campus Caucasian Culture Club Controversy Pitzer reacts to fake club proposal By Arielle Zionts Staff Writer, PZ `14 On February 19, Pitzer students discovered, through the unmonitored list serthat identity the same way that anybody else does," explained New Resource program for students of non-traditional student Michael Ceraso PZ `15 and Dante Pronsato CMC `14. They means to be white in America." During discussion, many in attendance questioned whether the club was a serejected the proposal. Three days later, students learned that the CCC was promade by three students in a Pitzer media studies course. For the next week, the CCC proposal was in the spotlight, as student-talk debates raged, Pitzer's Black that the proposers mistakenly associated American culture with whiteness and repeatedly contradicted themselves when explaining the purpose of the club as well as their own views on race. After students expressed their confusion, anger, and frustration in regards to this proposal, the CCC was unanimously rejected. addition to echoing concerns similar to pointed out the CCC's clear allusion to the KKK, and debated the concept of that the proposal had garnered more student-talk discussion, and wondered CCC proposal, or if the administration to the Pitzer community. Evelyn Cheung PZ '13 wrote that she thought Pitzer ataware and socially conscious enough to understand the political implications behind every one of their actions and words." Many emails contained very strong opinions, and students were not afraid to explain why the proposal personally offended them. Other students responded with jokes and sarcasm. In a sarcastic monologue, Yohai laud the effort of these students to bring to the forefront a diverse and beautiful array of traditions and histories so often marginalized in western culture." Another student, who preferred to renian, I think it's high time there were a club to bring our plight to the forefront! I should point out, though, that among Caucasians, there is little fraternity." An Explanation Pitzer students received an email with a letter written by Alvaro Parra PZ '12, CMC '14. They explained that the CCC ing a documentary that aims to explore and critique the concepts of `color-blindness,' `white privilege,' and the constructions and perceptions of race at Pitzer College." They understood that some people were offended by the proposal, but felt that mote truthful dialogue and reactions about race and ethnic identity, something that is often times shrouded in hyper politically correct discourse at the Claremont Colleges." Once the true nature of the proposal was revealed, Pitzer students returned to student-talk saying they felt used, and questioned whether the project was approved by a professor or went through Pitzer's Institutional Review Board. Hascalovici thing for the good of dialogue is not only an egregious lie but personally insulting to of this project." policy. Many Pitzer students and faculty still hold passionate opinions relating to this controversy, as it combines complicated and often emotionally charged topics like racism, academic and artistic freedom, and ethics. The Club and Student Reactions The purpose of the club, according to its to promote and celebrate the variant aspects of Caucasian culture." Activities would inof our favorite Caucasian artists...as well as the observance of traditionally Caucastudents at Pitzer to feel they are also a part of a culture which contains a plethora of beautiful, folkloric traditions." The CCC proposal was the last topic to fair to see that we [Caucasian people] deserve an identity and deserve to embrace Ayanna Harris PZ `13 characterized stufending the club, pleading to move on campus of the project and his intentions. regarding" the CCC proposal. dra Juhasz similarly noted the tradition of controversial mockumentaries speOn a broader note, she points out that, throughout the world of art-making, there have been controversial and provocative pieces of art." Regarding students' reactions to this project, she lation to this situation, which again was extremely complicated, was all about some people's vulnerability, and not about those people's power. This sort of default, that everyone is vulnerable, is simply not true. Marginalized people are vulnerable in certain situations and not in others, and have diverse reactions to the same situations." While the Pitzer community has diverse opinions regarding this project, most can agree upon the fact that overall, Pitzer's student body successfully and passionately stood up to the proposal of the -- later known to be fake -- Cauca- important to have this discussion since student-talk can be impersonal and misleading, and with something this politically charged, it's very important to physically interact with each other as people... not as student-talk personalities." Regarding her personal view of the project, she this was the only or best way to capture it." The next day, at the request of Pitzer's Faculty Executive Committee, the Media new ethics policy. Two days later, a week professors Jesse Lerner and Ruti Talmor questions regarding the CCC proposal, the documentary, and the new media studies policy. Despite their efforts, however, people failed to address whether [the documentary project] was right or wrong, or whether the draft would have prevented it," Holstege explained. He believed it from the issues raised simply because the proposal was unanimously rejected, to intimating that students who were outraged were `overreacting.'" volunteers who are giving their time." It is now known that Parra and his two peers' project was part of their Pitzer Media, co-taught by Professors Lerner and Talmor. Over email Parra explained, ong tradition of mockumentary...which at times lie and deceive in order to tell the truth about something." Despite their original intent, however, Parra and the others are no longer following through with their original plan; instead, they are interviewlike to share their opinions or reactions Pitzer Responds sent out an email inviting people to atand what this means in relation to recent events such as the `experiment' to bring a Caucasian Culture Club to our school." About two dozen individuals attended expressed their frustrations with the project, while Parra explained the background many students...showed that they had a very sophisticated understandings of both the construction of race and of white privilege...Pitzer should feel really good about its students; how articulate they were and how able they were to disagree civilly, but forcefully." Hopefully Pitzer students and the rest of the 5Cs will continue to use and share their knowledge about race and related topics in positive ways. This can only be accomplished however, by having meaningful and productive discussions concerning not only race but also academic freedom, artistic freedom, and ethics at the Colleges and in society. A look at some of Claremont's infamous alumni By Aly Minamide Copy Editor, CMC `15 Graduates of the Claremont Colleges go on to accomplish great things in their lives: Claremont McKenna alumnus Henry Kravis co-founded a private eqMudd grad Dominic Mazzoni created the Audacity sound editing program; GabriRepresentative from Arizona, studied at Time magazine for founding Natural Capitalism, Inc.; and Walt Disney Company Executive Roy E. Disney graduated from Pomona. Those are just a few of our famous alumni. However, not everyone who completes his or her four years in the Claremont bubble becomes a superstar. Perhaps the most Randy Kraft was born on March 19, 1945, in Long Beach, CA. The fourth child and only son of Harold and Opal be," according to Bill Manson, a longtime friend interviewed by Dennis McDougal for a biography on Kraft called Angel of Darkness. Kraft grew up in Westminster surrounded by conservative Presbyterian families, excelling academically in both junior high and high school. His fellow students recognized him as studious and likable but quiet, only becoming animated when discussing his staunch Republican political views. Then Kraft entered CMC, at that time known as Claremont Men's College. He resided in Green Hall for all four years infamous Claremont College alumnus is Randy Kraft CMC `67 who became known and, just like the freshmen today, had many interesting experiences. For example, Mcthat the seniors built themselves an illegal brewery... but the dean found out about it and made them destroy it. To show how civilized he was, he shared a bottle with the boys before he made them get rid of it." Not much has changed, it seems. Kraft made a place for himself at CMC, pursuing a major in economics, engaging in political conversation as he had since a young age, and enrolling in CMC's Refor two years. One classmate's impression was kind of a stereotyped Orange County conservative Republican John Bircher." But that changed in the following summers, when Kraft not only realized he was politically liberal, but also accepted that he was gay, which he had suspected from high school but had never addressed. The political change became clear to everyone, but Kraft did not reveal his newfound sexuality to anyone but his family, so his CMC friends were left clueless until years later. By his fourth year at CMC, Kraft had developed a major case of senioritis, which meant that, like a large portion of the student population, he spent most of his study time cramming, often pulling allsigns of suspicious behaviors; he would disappear at odd hours of the night, according to his roommate, and often walked around the dorms wearing black and holding a beer bottle. Mike Dono- at least 16 people, though he is suspected of killing over 50 others. While Kraft is the only known serial killer among Claremont's alumni, the other colleges do not lack their share of violent graduates. A Killer's Human Side Left to right: Kraft at CMC, during his trial van, who lived in Green at the same time as Kraft, described him to McDougal as a little tuft at the bottom of his chin... And his sense of humor was strange. He would make snide little comments that were jokes or something, but they seemed funny only to him. Not funny ha-ha but strange funny. Odd funny." Despite suspicions from a few individuals, Kraft generally displayed a friendly disposition, and none of his critics ever confronted him, even after he graduated to graduate with his class in 1967, due to Although he was discharged from the Air Force when he disclosed his sexuality, Kraft pursued a relatively normal career after college, entering into the computer programming business and impressing both colleagues and friends. That is, until late one night on May 14, 1983, when two California cops stopped Kraft on a highway for drunk driving and discovered in his vehicle not only the dead body of a Marine but also an envelope containing the photographs of 47 different men, placed in gruesome positions and appearing asleep or dead. In cryptic code names for 67 of his victims. For instance, PARKING LOT referred to 19-year-old Keith Daven Crotwell from Long Beach, California, who was last seen leaving a parking lot with Kraft, and whose severed head was found in a Long Beach jetty, while his remaining skeleton was discovered in El Toro, over half an hour away. Kraft's methods of killing were varied, ditions would make even the most seasoned Hollywood horror-watcher cringe. Often sexually abused, the young male hitchhikers were shot, strangled by their own belts, or killed by a combination of body parts were missing, examples being the eyes, hands, and genitalia. Randy Kraft was sentenced to the death penalty in 1989, but still resides today on on. Twenty-two of his listed victims have Essig was charged with attempted murder but pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity, and was committed to a state mental institution. Alexander G. Valentine, a former Harvey Mudd student, was 18 when he alledgedly beat his mother, Diane Valentine, and his father, Kenneth Valentine, to death with a pipe wrench on August 2, 1996. According to a North County Times article, the murders took place You know, there's a part of me that you will never know. R andy K raf t C MC ` 67 Infamous... But Not Alone Is CMC's name and reputation tarnished had no idea [about Kraft]," she admitted, its bad apples." After all, Kraft is not the only infamous Claremont alumnus. On October 30, 2000, former Pomona student Jared Essig reportedly stabbed dormitory. Essig had just been released from jail for shoplifting, vandalism, and public drunkenness, and had spent time in mental hospitals during his sophomore year, according to a 2000 Los Angeles Times parking lot when Essig began giving him nonsensical directions. As the professor told the Los Angeles Times of his mind. He gets these psychotic breaks. He has paranoid episodes, too. That's all." Despite losing three pints of felt no resentment toward his attacker. " " Mudd and, after his mother found out, took all measures to make sure the information was not conveyed to his successful engineer father, the end result being the murder of both parents. He was sentenced in February 1998 to a life prison term without the possibility of parole, despite his protests that the police had fabricated his confession. Valentine attempted to obtain a new trial for himself in 2005, but was denied by the appeals court. be aware of your surroundings. In the Claremont bubble we often forget that there are dangerous individuals and situations out in the world, ones in which our lives or the lives of others could be fellow students, especially if you notice unusual or destructive behavior. One of Randy Kraft's most chilling yet illuminating statements from his college years was, a part of me that you will never know." campus From price to quality, inequalities are vast within 5C housing By Jonathan F. Rice Staf f Writer, PZ `13 Although the Claremont Colleges are known for high-quality residence life, a number of students are left with unappealing dorms, and some with considerably high room charges. Even as Pomona and Pitzer tout on their websites that the facilities are so wonderful that faculty and staff live in them, in reality the quality varies. During the room selection process each spring, there are always coveted rooms. Whether it is newer residence halls like CMC, respectively, or lively halls like North and Browning at Harvey Mudd dorm. During room draw, planning and strategizing for rooms on campus beroom. However, not every student is tions. Masked by the colleges' meticulous groundskeeping and numerous construction projects are residence halls that few students covet. construction and are showing wear and tear. Although some Pitzer students seem to enjoy Mead Hall for its suite-style livfew supporters. son PZ '14, a resident of Holden Hall. claims that she spent two days bleaching year students. In contrast, juniors and seniors usually select four of the six North At Claremont McKenna, the majority of the 13 residence halls are holdovers from the institution's post-war past. The older dorms at CMC show their true military ing full-size beds. mona's residences, one need only look at of the campus. According to the College's For an institution whose residence halls eton Review on multiple occasions, Pomona's dorm quality is far from consistent. not by their modern amenities, but by their old-fashioned charm. Joanie PradCMC's housing, with the lively North college's dorms comes from their beauty. Quad acting as a happy medium of the two. you complained about something, I don't know what it would be," she said. Pradhan claimed that Kimberly Hall � originally designed for Harvey Mudd's female students � is the least desirable dorm on campus because of its utilitarian aesthetic. At Harvey Mudd, the personalities of each hall's residents, rather than the builddents queried put less of a premium on the quality of the room, but on the culture. As anyone who has walked through Harvey Mudd's campus and heard the high. Measuring Quality in the complex of Pitzer, Atherton, and maining two halls, Holden and Mead, built between 1964 and 1968, house the the rest of Pitzer's on-campus students. In the years since construction, they have seen few updates to their cinder-block Claremont Hall, completed in 2008, remains the most modern and distinct dorm at the College, save for the three elevated pus. The senior apartments, of course, also remain ever popular. The four halls in North Quad were built between 1948 and 1950, though they all received renovations in 2003. The halls in Mid Quad, however, have a more textured past, built between the mid-50s and early-60s, and renovated in the late 90s. From speaking with students, the dimly lit and relatively isolated halls of Benson and Berger in Mid Quad are the least favored on campus. $3,500 $3,617 $3,902 $4,432 SCRIPPS HOUSING FLAT RATE COST OF CMC STANDARD DOUBLE COST OF PITZER STANDARD DOUBLE COST OF PITZER STANDARD SINGLE The Cost of Residence Life With the variances in quality of life throughout the Consortium, it is no surprise that housing fees at each college are different. According to information on tuition and fees compiled from the college's websites, the best bargain comes semester for housing, regardless of the size or type of room. Harvey Mudd and spectively for 2011-2012. CMC and Pitzer both price their rooms based on type and size. A standard dou- grades, who have more choices for housing, would be able to select rooms based to pay a premium. Pricing rooms this way could also segregate the colleges socioeconomically; lower-income students may not be able to pay for the higher-priced rooms. Of course, another issue for the colleges, beyond quality of life, is the ability to live in residence halls at all. Over the past years, a number of the campuses, most had to house students at Pomona or in off-campus apartments due to lack of space. As yield rates grow, the colleges are faced with housing more students than expected. With high costs and the sales pitch of a residential college experience, it is very discouraging when a student does not even get the chance to live in a less desired dorm on their campus. Looking to the future, most of the Claremont Colleges realize the need to modernize dorm facilities to match rising expectations and class sizes. Pomona Pomona Halls, while Pitzer College has already instituted a three-phase Residential Life Project to replace all existing dorms with new facilities, the second of which will be completed this summer. Claremont McKenna introduced a new Master Plan that calls for the building of Mudd have also looked into new buildings, the latter on Linde Athletic Field. Even if all of the housing in Claremont had the perfect amenities, favorites would still emerge. From the location of the building to the residents, there are a multitude of factors that make a dorm popular. Based on the current situation, as long as students continue to voice their concerns and comments, even in the face of rising costs, the schools will feel pressure to improve housing options and overall availability. most expensive rooms in the consortium - I would want to live off campus unless I really needed to." Dorm Reform With the construction of new dorms on campus, differences between the dorms are becoming more apparent. One way the administrations can address these discrepancies is by pricing dorms based on overall quality. Instead of simply adjusting by single, double, or apartment, the colleges could divide costs in other ways. For example, a full size bed in the new size in Walker. There could be issues with the fairness of this model. Considering that at Pitzer el was implemented, students in upper Berger Hall, C MC P hoto by Ka yla Benker national By Quinn Chasan Staff Writer, CMC `13 the spots in the freshman class since its inception in 1998. However, after Grutter, the University began to incorporate race freshman class. Fisher's case is twofold policy has made the University of Texas one of the most diverse institutions in the also contends that the school's rationale is exactly the type of racial balancing that the Court in Grutter indicated would be unconstitutional. Here at the Claremont Colleges, we have the luxury of approaching diversity in a different way. Whereas the University of Texas has to factor in innumerable variables due to its public nature, the 5Cs are only partially funded through federal funds, and therefore can interpret diversity in a differently. Adam Miller, Associate Dean of Admissions for Claremont McKenna, explained the process as more of an ex post examination. Due to the applicant pool difference � about 31,400 versus about 4,600, respectively � CMC can look at the breakdown of each applicant pool, see who is applying, who isn't, listic review and is more about outreach," ented, is a global institution. Where we recruit has a direct correlation to who applies." Matthew Bibbens, CMC's General Coun- of background." In this way, CMC is not factoring in any sort of set quota or single ethnic pool pool of an institution through recruitmative action" in the traditional sense. The University of Texas' announcement fall is one that could have drastic effects on the way employers, college admissions, case may have vastly different implications for different institutions, including the Claremont Colleges, and it all depends mative action. At its inception, President Lyndon B. mative action as not simply a force of freedom, but of actively bringing racially disadvantaged citizens to be equally free from economic bonds as well. This original purpose is important to keep in mind moving forward, and will shape the debate in the upcoming case Fisher v. University of Texas. held a University of Michigan law school policy in Grutter v. Bollinger University's right to factor in race slightly during the admissions process to increase diversity. The 5-4 decision was based on the fact that Michigan was not assigning measurement to race in the admissions process per se, but simply looking at is as another factor in the admissions process like leadership or community service. " socioeconomic and racial breakdown of progressing on that front. the state, on the other hand, could easily be taken as an implementation overreach the other Claremont Colleges will have to pay attention to the decision in Fisher, it is very plausible that the ruling may change versity of Texas was using it, but not in the way CMC has traditionally taken race into account. that decision in Fisher, a case in which Abigail Fisher, a white female, is suing the University of Texas for racially discriminating against her application. The Uniin which any student in the top 10 percent of his or her high school in Texas is granted automatic admission into the alized holistic process. There are both is making several claims that the Court could choose to focus on or ignore. On top of her basic claims, Fisher is asking Grutter, which, if they do so, could completely that play a role." Bibbens elaborated that whole picture. There are no separate admission tracks for any student, regardless Grutter. Chief Justice Roberts was not yet a justice when the Court decided Grutter, but - " If the original intention of the legislation was primarily an economic one, then it may be time to rethink national tion, as well as Justice Alito, which makes for a majority of the Court. One of the most plausible directions the Court can take is to reiterate the messages in Grutter. While the line between quantitative and qualitative measurements for admissions is hazy, the University publicly stating that it accepts minorities to better represent the state population sounds Court explicitly forbid in Grutter. George Thomas, CMC Associate Professor of Government specializing in American Constitutionalism, proposes another solution that calls the University's bluff in its stated goal of fostering diversity. Thomas' argument would make diversity equally as important as any other metric of admission, if not more ing academic standards to increase any diverse aspect of an institution could compromise that institution's retention of elite status as an institution." This is try to walk, and exactly what has gotten them into trouble. Finally, the Court could take up Fisher's Grutter tive action. This result is conceivable with the current makeup of the court. Without Grutter, there are other cases to tive action in similar ways, but they all essentially stem from Grutter, so overturning that case will effectively overturn the similar message in subsequent cases. Overall, Fisher action conversation at the federal level, the law in a number of ways. As Proaction was originally intended to help out economically disadvantaged minorities, and the Court may want to examine how effective it has been at helping those burdened minorities versus those who are more privileged." Questions of race and economic status are not as cut and dry as they were on the coattails of desegregation. A harsh criticism lobbied minorities who are not economically disadvantaged relative to the societal norm. If the original intention of the legislation was primarily an economic one, then it to continue progressing on that front. It helped make great strides in racial equality, but to continue to do so, it likely needs reform. WRITERS, DESIGNERS, CODERS, & ILLUSTRATORS campus Traditional on-campus recruiting is exclusive and expensive By Summer Dowd-Lukesh Staff Writer, SC `14 Claremont students are undoubtedly familiar with job recruitment emails, newsletters, and pamphlets around campus. Recruiting at the 5Cs is vigorous and often obvious, but it doesn't equally represent all industries. Last November, Yale senior Marina Keegan wrote an op-ed for the New York Times in which she argued that the recruitgraduating seniors to step away from soand preliminary pricing information. While information sessions and emails to the general student bodies are free, career fairs are not. Harvey Mudd, for example, Partnership Program" which includes access to r�sum� books, sponsorship of a career event, and more. Of the companies recruiting on campus, the majority come from industries that heavily use on-campus recruiting, such as business, and engineering. Most of these types of companies are well represented the ones that have traditions in on-campus recruiting, that's why they're here," said Kerry Martin, Assistant Director of lege. in that sort of on-campus recruitment because they simply do not have the resources or the infrastructure to compete with these larger, capital-rich companies, explained Martin. Or, perhaps these industries do not need to come to Clareareas that need to recruit on campus... because they get thousands of unsolicited resumes," concluded Martin. Consequently, the more established companies are more pervasive in the on-campus recruitment culture, easily targeting students in a variety of academic disciplines as potential future employees. Recruiters have meals with students, set up booths to talk up their industry, and publicize internship opportunities. This sets students up to be more informed about the careers offered by these industries than others, ultimately making students more likely to pursue those industries after graduation. Furthermore, recruiters allow students to make a personal connection with people in the industry. This means that when senior thesis is coming to a close and job opportunities seem sparse, students have someone to call. Case Study: Consulting Coming to campus to entice students to tempt to show future Claremont Col- consulting for large companies is the best option on the table. But does it work? example of the role a company may play early on in a student's career, a role that ends up after graduation. Dustin Godevais PO `14 attended Deweek-long, all expenses paid trip to Atlanta offers college students the opportunity to network with business professionals and recruiters while supporting younger students in at-risk communities through community service. off for a low cost opportunity," said and mentoring. I didn't know I would get it when I applied, to be honest." Godevais found out about this Alternafamily friend, but it was also heavily publicized on campus through emails and newsletters to the Claremont community. Godevais, who was already considering I want a cool location, a decent salary, something that is intellectually stimulating, and something that at least somewhat has prospects for the future. Ultimately I want what a lot of people want: I want ably not. But the fact that such a large percentage of students at top-tier schools enter an industry that isn't contributing, creating or improving much of anything saddens me." The Claremont Colleges do not go unto choose from some of the best and the brightest in the nation. The Pomona Colover 500 on-campus recruiters per year at Pomona alone, and with our wide range of academic backgrounds and focuses attracting a variety of different industries, the grand total is undoubtedly much higher. Recruit on Campus? Pay a Fee. Recruiters have a one-stop website where they can peruse what Claremont has to offer � Claremont Colleges Advantage. candidates at top ranked undergraduate and graduate schools...Quantitatively skilled candidates with a liberal arts per- campus power, I want to have an impact, and I Godevais sees consulting as a viable opbusinesses to improve their strategies and deal effectively with problems they run up against. His opportunity to spend spring break with Deloitte only strengthened his resolve that this was an industry in which he could succeed and be rewarded for his strengths. Francesca Ioffreda CMC `10 interned for Deloitte after her sophomore year, which she says helped provide her with an idea internship experience was the catalyst to pursuing consulting," explained Ioffreda. recruiting sessions to get a feel for all the ployees." The internships she found while in school and the opportunities to network at CMC set her up for a future career in that inloitte, after spending time abroad with a Fulbright Fellowship. When Ioffreda talks about the merits of consulting, she sounds like any good reence numerous clients, thereby providing exposure to different working environments, business challenges, and project teams. Consulting also provides a steep learning curve and helps hone a solid and transferable skill set i.e. presentation, communication, analytic." Godevais understands these reasons to go into consulting, but he is also convinced that consulting is a good way to use your talents helping people who sulting, you work with a lot of different For both Godevais and Ioffreda, oncampus recruiting by Deloitte strongly affected their goals and career choices. For Ioffreda, her time interning with the pus showed her that consulting was her best option. Godevais hopes to eventually work in the public sector, but sees consulting as a productive, important and world. Were it not for recruitment strategies on campus, would these two have gone into the consulting world? While it's not inhera loss for students and for the American community when students are convinced early and often that going into those industries is their best option before they get all the information about other careers. For Godevais, consulting is one of the few careers he has extensive knowledge about, and he is likely to be inclined to be more comfortable sticking with what he knows. If other industries recruited like Deloitte, perhaps students would be more likely to pursue a larger variety of careers. tive options, we still have over half of CMC's employed class of 2011 going into business, investment banking, consulting, tries and in 2010 Pomona sent about a quarter. As we begin the job search, we must be aware that some industries have the ability to recruit more aggressively than others. Money and traditional resource alloconsulting take aggressive approaches to recruiting. As college students, we have to investigate proactively, looking into different industries besides just those proffered to us. A variety of careers can be just as rewarding, if not more so, than working for a large corporations and or in the You're Hired? Here in Claremont, we study everything from neuroscience, to creative writing, to economics and politics. Our student body is diverse, and our postgraduate pursuits should be as well. While many students do pursue alterna- the smart kids get to spread the love around," he said. campus Queer in Claremont Gender-neutral housing step to promote LQBTQ understanding By Veronica Salas Contributing Writer, CMC `14 Tuesday, March 27, marked a rare spirit by the College's Alliance for Queer Una group that strives to foster healthy dialogue about queer issues and create safe spaces for those at the 5Cs who identify as queer, the event encouraged tee all day" as a means of demonstrating their solidarity with LGBTQ youth. one's repudiation of the sexuality-based bullying many encounter nationwide. memorandum, which must now receive a green light from the Board of Trustees before taking effect, many students were concerned that uni-sex dorm bathrooms on college campuses. The event acknowledges the unique struggles LGBTQ people face, such as elevated incidences of suicidal behavior due to harassment over their identity. As demonstrated by student reactions to the gender-neutral housing Residential Life Committee in February, it is clear that more awareness about queer issues is necessary at the Consortium. emerged as an event in fall 2010 in response to the series of highly publicized suicides by young gay men, achieving considerable uncomfortable exchanges between residents of the opposite sex. Others voiced downright confusion as to why a change in housing policy was even necessary; after all, they reasoned, CMC does not have a high transgender population. Given that most discussions centered on the proposal's logistics in terms of altering the status quo, these views may constitute legitimate, even well-intentioned, concerns. Nevertheless, the intricacies and sensitivities surrounding gender and sexual identity should carry more weight in conversations about queer issues if we hope to enhance cross-cultural understanding on campus. Institutionalized conceptions of gender, such as those espoused in housing and restroom arrangements, force individuals to cast their lot with either men or women when neither descriptor may campus ently, dominant social structures impose a binary on society whereby people must categorize themselves under one of only two groupings. Through these restrictive lenses, people expect others to express corresponding traits of masculinity or femininity and exhibit heteronormative sexual behavior, i.e. attraction to women if male and attraction to men if female. Often our gender identity, our sense of being a man or a woman, will match our we receive depending on our sex organs, hormones, and chromosomes. Plainly, that scheme, as illustrated by the growing number of demonstrations about queer umbrella term, referring to anyone who is gender-nonconforming. This lack of conformity can manifest in countless ways and to varying degrees, ing masculine or feminine clothing and mannerisms even when doing so diverges from convention. The media does not frame the debate about equal marriage rights as a queer issue, yet bi- and homosexuality constitute two pronounced aspects of identity that tread against entrenched social norms for gender. tral housing might deter prospective queer students from attending CMC and may deny current students a comfortable atmosphere to explore their identity. Failure to install uni-sex bathrooms compels non-normative students into spaces where their peers may likely reject them with apprehension and icy stares. Jonathan Williams HMC '13 and Naomi Bosch PO'15 reassured the Port Side, however, that there are a number of measures people can take to make the Consortium more inviting to gender-nonconforming students like themselves. For one, we need to correct the gross misconceptions ety's cookie-cutter images about gender. eryone's identity falls within the binary. that we stop assuming others have a boyfriend or girlfriend simply based on their dress. Finally and perhaps most importantly, becoming an ally means intervening when others are misgendered and if a ence to an unfavorable occurrence. Both agreed such empathy would brighten their outlook on student life at the colleges. Though not the only Claremont College with a macro-culture caustic to queer experiences, CMC is the lone undergraduate institution in the Consortium that has not changed its housing policies to accommodate all students. After this year, that reality may no longer ring true. The College has seen unprecedented queer activism in recent months, most notably the Shifting Perceptions series at the Athenaeum sponsored by CMC's 2011-2012 Resident Aswith rave reviews about the Ath talk de- Mauri Navarro PO'14 explained to the Port Side what he has observed to be the most pejorative, upsetting transgressions non-normative students shoulder in the college setting: micro-aggressions. Microaggressions refer to the commonplace body language and verbal expressions individuals from powerful and privileged groups use to perpetuate an oppressive ideology related but not limited to wealth, educational level, race, religion, gender expression, and sexual orientaclude overt insults about a queer person's lifestyle or more cloaked snickering at someone's unconvenhurtful is daily existence," he said, as the binary and micro-aggressions shove queer people into a box. In short, each day domisuggest that gender-nonconforming individuals live in an environment where they do not belong. In light of the prejudices queer students endure, neglecting to emphasize the negative implications of inaction on housing policy and other issues borders on callousness. Failure to institute g ender-neu- the momentum in cultivating a more tolerant campus climate. Everyday should be the The tents are gone, but Occupy Claremont lives on By Emma Brillhart Contributing Writer, SC `14 Occupy Claremont may have suffered one blow at the hands of Claremont's City Council, but the movement isn't going sion, and some believed that a compromise could have been reached to allow the tents to stay standing. The Occupy Claremont movement is mostly made up of Claremont residents, many of them residents of Pilgrim Place, a senior community dedicated to serving others. According to Emma French PZ '13, herself and about two or three students from the Claremont Colleges are currently involved, although that number are in ways more productive now that we are not diverting so much energy to sustaining the physical occupation in front of city hall. We still meet weekly...and I meet with the Homes Foreclosure Committee every Thursday." In addition to these meetings, the movement also organized a bank protest in front of the Claremont Wells Fargo in conjunction with MoveOn Claremont that took place over spring break. Protesters called on President Obama serves as the head of the Federal Housmaintain the presence of the camp. Rather than mourning the end of the encampment, members of the Claremont movement commemorated the end of the physical presence of Occupy Claremont City Hall on February 25. The event featured speakers, food, and live music performed by the Pilgrim Pickers of Pilgrim Place, and was co-sponsored by Occupy Claremont, Direct Action Claremont, Eco Center, and Food Not Bombs. According to the movement's website, the purpose Occupy has had around the country and even the world. It is meant to publicize the fact that we are being evicted, but to do it in a positive, self-empowering way that communicate[s] the fact that we're not going to stop meeting and organizing." Occupy Claremont activists are adamant that the movement is not over simply because they have a smaller physical presence. French is very optimistic about the movement going forward, sayFannie Mae and Freddie Mac, two major players in the national subprime mortgage many liberals in the past months, and activist group Rebuild the Dream recently delivered a petition with 85,000 signatures French estimates that there were about thirty to forty protesters at the event. rum" in front of City Hall on March 25 to address the issue of bank foreclosures on homes in the Claremont community. Acin Claremont were foreclosed in 2011, and there were 38 foreclosures in January 2012 alone. The Foreclosure Forum featured speakers from Occupy L.A., Alliance of Californians for Community Empowerment, and Prudential California Realty. Clearly, Occupy Claremont is resolute in not just in Claremont but also around the country. Despite the ordinance and the lack of a physical encampment, it seems likely that the city of Claremont will continue to see many demonstrations and events organized by the movement throughout the next few months. Whether more students will get involved remains to be seen. After spending months camped out in front of Claremont City Hall, Occupy Claremont experienced a setback on January 24, when the City Council unanimously approved an ordinance requiring the movement's tents to be removed from the front of the building within twentyeight days. The ordinance explained that the tents, there since November, were a compared the tents to abandoned cars, and another insisted that this was not a repression of citizen protest, but merely an enforcement of the protection of been passed throughout the country to limit local branches of the nationwide Occupy movements, which were based ment in New York City. The ordinances often limit the use of camping equipment in city parks and in front of government and public buildings. Members of the movement were understandably disappointed by the City Council's deci- We are the 99% OCCUPY CLAREMONT food not BOMBS!