Explanation Texts Power Point
This is a presentation that I used to introduce a unit on explanation texts.
By R. Simpkin 2007 Adapted from The National Literacy Strategy Grammar for Writing p154/5 To tell readers how or why something works. Purpose General statement to introduce the topic, e.g. in the autumn some birds migrate A series of logical steps explaining how or why something occurs, e.g. because hours of daylight shorten Steps continue until the final state is produced or the explanation is complete. Present tense, e.g. many birds fly south Time Connectives, e.g. then, next, several months later because, so, this causes Causal connectives, e.g. Titletells readers what is being written about Sometimes includes how or why May be in the form of a question Eg Why do sloths hang about?. diagrams, charts, illustrations, flow charts help to explain. first paragraph introduces the subject to the reader Organise the writing and illustrations to explain: what you need, how it works, why it works (cause and effect), when and where it works, what it is used for.' Glossary defines words in the passage that readers may not know. Interest the reader with exclamation, eg Beware whirlwinds can kill! Or use questions, e.g. Did you know that...? Draw the reader in, e.g. strange as it may seem..., not many people know that... Finally ... reread your explanation, pretending you know nothing about the subject is it clear?