Facilitating Mode Shift: Investing in Bicycle-, Pedestrian- and Transit-ripe Communities
In light of the budget deficits and resource constraints faced at both the federal and local level, the aim of this paper is to highlight policies and related investments that have the potential to be most cost-effective in facilitating bicycling, walking and public transit use. Land use, and its inherent connection to transportation, health and the environment, is at the forefront of this discussion. This paper synthesizes existing research identifying key land use characteristics that have proven successful in facilitating bicycling, walking and transit use. Communities with high levels of bicycling, walking and transit use typically reflect supportive land use characteristics, such as higher density, mixed land uses, connected street networks and access to regional employment centers. This paper looks at increasing densities, transportation systems, and travel habits of residents in selected census tracts within the central Puget Sound region.