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Education in Africa: Progress at Risk 2086: When the last girl in Africa will complete primary school In 2000, world leaders promised to get every child into school by the end of 2015 in Millennium Development Goal (MDG) two. This goal was revolutionary but attainable. However, in the last few years, political commitment to education for all children has slipped and the financing needed to achieve it has declined – particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, home to over half of the world’s out-of-school population. countries that are still a long way from universal access to education, plan to reduce their education spending. It is widely accepted that countries should allocate at least 20% of their budget to education. Yet, 25 countries, including the Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, dedicate less than 3%. Some countries, like Ethiopia, have resisted the trend and increased their education budgets. However, 16 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, International donor aid to basic education is also falling rapidly – by 10% between 2010 and 2012. Between 2011-2012 aid for education to Mali alone fell by $45 million and to Ethiopia by $23 million. Since 2010, 12 African countries have seen cuts in their aid to basic education of $10million or more and current aid across the continent is at the same level as in 2008. Progress in financing education and getting children into school in sub-Saharan Africa has almost ground to a halt. Currently, 22% of primary school age children are out of school. Education Emergency: Progress on education in Africa at risk Progress across Africa to get all children in school and learning has stalled. If nothing is done to reverse current trends, there will be millions more children out of school in Africa in 2025 than there are today. With the 2015 MDG deadline fast approaching, African leaders and donors must keep their promise and take urgent action to ensure all children are in school. For many, even a basic primary education remains a matter of life and death. Attacks on education – and on students – are on the rise. More than 12 million of the nearly 30 million out-of-school children in Africa live in conflict or emergency settings. Financing for education is declining fastest in these fragile settings – where it was already inadequate. Efforts like the Safe Schools Initiative in Nigeria – launched in the wake of the #BringBackOurGirls outcry around the world – are part of the solution. But far more resources and commitment are necessary to get all children everywhere in safe schools and learning. Leaders must do more. Now. 38.4 36.3 35.1 34.4 32.7 31.2 2002 2003 2004 50% The increase in survival past age five for a child born to a mother who can read. 2005 2006 29.7 29 29.7 2007 2008 2009 64% If all girls had secondary education in sub-Saharan Africa, child marriage would fall by 64% 30.4 2010 70% 36.4 29.7 2011 If all women in sub-Saharan Africa completed their primary education, maternal mortality would fall by 70% 2015 2025 Credit: GPE/Midastouch MILLIONS OF CHILDREN 50 Almost two in three out-of-school girls sub-Saharan Africa, are expected never to go to school. Join the 500-Day 2015 Countdown Campaign – find out more about the #EducationCountdown at 2 OUT OF 3

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