AUGI | AEC EDGE
Spring 2009 premier issue
PREMIERE ISSUE spring 2009 Make Room for Revit w w w. a u g i a e cedge.com w w w. a u to d e s kc a ta l o g .c o m/AECEdge REVIT CROSS-DISCIPLINE REVIT ARCHITECTURE REVIT STRUCTURE REVIT MEP AUTODESK INSIDERS 60 Days to Save Special Financing Available From Flatbed to 54" Fits your Budget and Workow AEC, Technical/CAD, GIS and Graphics Archiving, Copying, and Sharing User-Friendly Nextimage Software High Performance for the Real World Superior Product Quality and Reliability The widest selection of no compromise scanner solutions When we say no compromise scanning and copying, we mean it! We know that requirements vary depending on the type of documents you work with, so we've made sure you can nd the right wide format scanning solution to t your business needs. With an impressive product portfolio of 8 Contex HD and 4 SD Series scanners in 19 different congurations, we are condent we have the solution you are looking for. Why compromise? Please contact us at SalesAmericas@contex.com or visit our website www.contex.com for more information. All of the Above Contex Americas, Inc. www.contex.com Toll Free: 877-226-6839 (877-2-CONTEX) Phone: +1 (240) 399 5600 spring 2009 AUGI AEC edge contents features 18 33 48 27 a trainer's PersPectiVe: KeyRequirementsforaSuccessful BIMImplementation a general contractor's Venture into biM and Vdc reVit in a large firM AtaleofimplementingRevit getting oriented witH reVit's coordinate systeM Make rooM for reVit: KeyRequirementsforaSuccessful BIMImplementation a tutorial for line based faMilies reVit in HigH scHool MeetTwoProgressiveTeachersandtheir program growing reVit structure integrating analysis PrograMs witH reVit structure reVit ready - looking back spring_2009 5 6 9 President's Message editor's Message Revit CRoss-DisCipline How can tHe introduction of business & software systeMs affect your business? How to "biM-enable iPd" a little HelP froM My friends CollaborationbetweenConsultants extending biM design Value UsingtheRevitAPI 30 Revit ARChiteCtuRe 42 18 21 24 45 48 50 54 54 58 60 62 Revit stRuCtuRe www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge Number of Seats 1 5 10 25 50 100 250 500 1000 Worldwide Corporate To be updated CAD Formats Print Formats List Price Sale Price $249 $149 $499 $399 $899 $699 $1,699 $1,499 $2,999 $2,499 $4,999 $3,500 $9,999 $5,000 $14,999 $7,500 $19,999 $10,000 $40,000 $25,000 Per Seat $149 $80 $70 $60 $50 $35 $20 $15 $10 CADzation has been creating the highest quality PDF files for AutoCAD users since 2001. We were the first company to create lines merge PDF files from AutoCAD drawings as well as the first company to batch process multiple formats into a single PDF file. Now in these competitive times we are making it even easier for you to PDF enable your entire company with AcroPlot Pro. AcroPlot Pro is the ultimate solution for converting AutoCAD � DWG files to PDF and DWF. AcroPlot Pro gives CAD Users all the additional settings and controls they need to create high quality PDF, DWF or Image files. Now including PDF editing and markup for the complete PDF solution for all of your needs. Output Formats Office Formats BMP JPG CALS GIF Image Formats BMP GIF CALS GP4 JPG ... > Batch Conversion of files to PDF, DWF, or image formats. > Convert DWG, PLT, TIFF, CALS, GP4, DOC, XLS, and more. > Includes a high quality Windows � printer driver for creating PDF's from any Windows program. > "Lines Merge" support creates PDF or DWF files that view and print exactly as they would from AutoCAD. > Automatically create bookmarks and file names using block attributes, layout or source file names. > New Feature - Edit and Markup PDF files. Add, delete, resize, and rotate pages. Markup PDF files with ease and so much more. Click Here To See Our Video "We made AcroPlot Pro our standard utility as a replacement for Acrobat Writer on every workstation. Our CAD users enjoy the batch processing for DWG files and the fast conversion. Also the PDF file sizes are a lot smaller compared to other products. We found AcroPlot Pro an excellent product for it's price and it's capabilities." Jimmy Nguyen Corporate CAD & IT Manager Kimley-Horn and Associates, Inc. Corporate Headquarters USA 518 South Route 31 Suite 200 McHenry, IL 60050 847.973.9460 Phone 866.845.6881 US Toll Free http://www.cadzation.com Visit www.CADzation.com to download a full working trial version today! AcroPlot Pro and AcroPlot Repro are trademarks of CADzation. AutoCAD, Autodesk, and DWF are registered and or trademarks of Autodesk, Inc. MS, Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. Acrobat is is a registered trademark of Adobe, Inc. All other brand names, product names, or trademarks are property of their respective owners. Copyright � 2009 CADzation. All rights reserved worldwide. table of contents (cont.) contents special sections & departments Revit Mep 66 69 72 76 How to Play nice: SharingRevitModelsBetweenDisciplines fiVe stePs to success witH reVit MeP: TheReality Putting tHe `i' in your biM content: RevitMEPfamiliesthatcapturedesignintent reVit MeP iMPleMentation at cta grouP AStrugglewithPromise contributed wHite PaPer ConceptualDesignModelinginAutodeskRevitArchitecture2010 autodesk insiders Revit:AnAutodeskDesign/BuildProject augi local cHaPter focus SouthCoastRevitUserGroup(SCRUG) attorney at large AchievingIPDin3DTM inside track ThelatestAutodeskAEC relatedinformation! Head's uP RecentKnownIssuesandProblemsdocumented byAutodeskandAUGImembers AuGi AeC eDGe www.augiaecedge.com www.autodeskcatalog.com/aecedge karen Popp firstname.lastname@example.org stephen stafford email@example.com Publisher Editor Contributing Writers david baldacchino, Jarrod baumann, bill brown, lay christopher fox, bruce gow, laura Handler, anthony Hauck, Jim keller, Joel londenberg, Michelle louw, robert Manna, toby Maple, Matt Mason, damon ranieri, Jamie richardson, James salmon, elizabeth shulok, david thirlwell, cyril Verley & tom weir stephanie rohrer 415.255.0390 x13 firstname.lastname@example.org kali snowden email@example.com karen Popp 415.255.0390 x19 firstname.lastname@example.org Production/Art Director Traffic Coordinator Advertising / Reprint Sales DepARtMents 11 33 36 39 56 64 Extension Media, LLC - Corporate Office Vince ridley email@example.com President karen Murray firstname.lastname@example.org Vice President, Marketing and Product Development Vice President, Business Development Vice President, Sales Melissa sterling email@example.com embedded electronics Media Group clair bright firstname.lastname@example.org AUGI Board of Directors President Mark w. kiker Senior Vice President richard binning bill adam Vice President/Secretary Treasurer John Morgan chris lindner steve stafford Peter Jamtgaard Members at Large 64 Cover image modeled and rendered by Matthew Cash using Revit Structure 2010 AS WELL AS Advanced AEC Solutions Autodesk, AutoCAD, Autodesk VIZ, Autodesk Architectural Desktop, Autodesk Revit, Autodesk Building Systems, Autodesk MapGuide, Autodesk Civil Design, Autodesk Inventor and DWF are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk, Inc. in the U.S.A. and/or in certain other countries. All other brand names, product names, or trademarks belong to their respective holders. Published by: The AUGI AEC Edge Magazine is published by Extension Media LLC and AUGI. Extension Media LLC and AUGI makes no warranty for the use of its products and assumes no responsibility for any errors which may appear in this publication nor does it make a commitment to update the information contained herein. The AUGI AEC Edge Magazine is Copyright �2009 AUGI. No information in this magazine may be reproduced without expressed written permission from AUGI. All registered trademarks and trademarks included in this magazine are held by their respective companies. Every attempt was made to include all trademarks and registered trademarks where indicated by their companies. www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 President's Message ...the brainchild of the augi board has moved from concept to completion. and boy was it a long trip... spring_2009 t heinauguralissueofAUGIAEC Edgeisareality.Thebrainchild of the AUGI Board has moved fromconcepttocompletion.Andboy wasitalongtrip. cometofruitionandExtensionMedia'spartnershipwithAUGI hasmadeitpossible. AUGIAECEdgeisdedicatedtobringingourmemberscurrent, actionable,practicalcontenttothoseinvolvedintheArchitectural, Engineering,ConstructionandOwnersmarketplace.Thecontentisopentoallmembers,butwillfocusontheindustriesthat design,engineer,constructandmaintainthebuiltenvironment. DesigntoolsrangefromAutoCAD,AutoCADArchitecture,the Revit platforms, 3DS Max and Design, Navisworks, programmingtoolsandmayevenspilloverintoCivil3D,Map,Inventor, Mayaandothersastheytouchthismarket.Wearenotlimitedto justsoftware,wemaydiscussmethods,emergingtrends,project spotlights,CADandBIMManagement,education,trainingand more.ThisisreallyyourmagazineasmembersofAUGI.We encourageyoutohelpusdefinewhatyouwanttosee. Weplanonpublishing4timesannuallysolookformoretocome. Ifthisprovessuccessful,wemaybranchoutintootherindustries thatourmembershipmayreflectanddesire. Send me an email with suggestions or comments at email@example.com Thanksandenjoy, It all started as a brainstorming idea I shared amongst the Board members to see if it was a good concept. After manydiscussionsandconversations,wedecidedtoshareouridea withotherstoseeiftheythoughtitwasviable.InearlyAugust of2008,IapproachedKarenPoppofExtensionMediatodiscuss theidea.KarenhadhelpedAUGIinthepastbyplacingAUGI adsinotherpublicationstheyproducewithAutodesk.ExtensionMediawasgraciousenoughtopromoteAUGIforfree. KarenandIdiscussedthepositiveimpactthattheindustrymight seefromapublicationthatwasfocusedonAECwithaRevitfocusedpremiereissue.Thosetalksleadtoanagreementandthat agreementleadtotheproductionofthismagazine. Duringtheperiodofcontentcreationandsponsorshipgathering, theeconomytookamajorhit.Weallfeltitanditimpactedall ofusinsomeway.Thiscausedalongerleadtimeinthefunding process,sothemagazineexperiencedmultipledelaysinproductionaswesoughttogetthewordout. Well�ittookawhilelongerthanIimagined,butIamnotin thepublishingindustry.Wearecommunitybuilders.Extension Mediahasthepublishinggurus.ManythanksgotoKarenfor pulling it all together. Her tireless devotion to see this effort Mark W. Kiker AUGIPresident www.AUGIaecedge.com Editor's Note ...yes, this issue is focused on revit partly because it is timely to do so ... hisfirstissueofAUGIAECEdgeisfocused on, the oft repeated acronym these days, BIM (Building Information Modelling) and Autodesk's Revit platform products; Revit Architecture, Structure and MEP. We have articles for whichaportionarededicatedtoeachoftheproducts andanotherportionthatoffertheinsight,knowledgeandopinions ofcontractors,consultantsandevenalawyer! Inadditiontotheseproductfocusedarticleswehavefourdepartments: AUGI Local Chapter Focus, Inside Track and Head's Up. We'll use these to spotlight a Local Chapter in AUGI,touchoncurrentnews,someinside"scoops",ifpossible, andlistsomeoftherecentissuespostedatAUGIorAutodesk's "Known Issues" knowledge base. In the future we hope to includedepartmentsforNewsBriefsandproduct,hardwareand peripheralequipmentreviews. t AUTHORS Iwanttothankeachoftheauthorswhocontributedtheirwork tothisissue.Forsomewritingcomesnaturallyandforothersit isthelastthingtheywanttodo.Fortunatelythesepeoplealso happentoliketo"sharethewealth,"sotospeak.ItisatraitcommontosomanyofAUGI'smembersandwhatmakesitaspecial organization.Averyspecialthankyoutoourvolunteerauthors (in alphabetical order): David Baldacchino, Jarrod Baumann, Bill Brown, Lay Christopher Fox, Bruce Gow, Laura Handler, Anthony Hauck, Jim Keller, Joel Londenberg, Michelle Louw, RobertManna,TobyMaple,MattMason,DamonRanieri,Jamie Richardson,JamesSalmon,ElizabethShulok,DavidThirlwell, CyrilVerley,&TomWeir. THANKS I also want to thank Karen Popp and Stephanie Rohrer with ExtensionMedia.Thismagazinewouldnotbeavailabletoyou withoutKaren'stirelessefforttosecurefundingandsupportfor it.Editingisn'tmyvocationandStephaniemadetheexperience easy!Thankyouboth!! It is my hope that you'll find the information we've provided usefulandthatyou'llsupportAUGI,oursponsorsandadvertisers.Consideringtheeconomichardshipmanyarefacinginthis industryatthistimewecanallusealittlesupport!Ifyouhave questions/suggestionsorwouldliketoofferyourtalentasanauthorpleasesendmeanemail:firstname.lastname@example.org Thanks for reading! AN APOLOGy Already?Yes,thisissueisfocusedonRevit;partlybecauseitis timelytodosoandpartlybecausemylifeisconsumedbythese productsanditiswhereIcouldreadilydrawontalentedpeopleto contributearticles.AsMarkKikermentionedinhisPresident's Message,assumingthisissueprovessuccessful,wehaveeveryintentionofexpandingthereachofthispublicationsothatitcanbe usefulandrelevanttoourmembers,andothers,whouseanyof themanyotherproductsthatAutodeskproduces. Pleasedon'ttakethisinitialfocusasaslighttowardtheproduct youhappentousetodoyourworkintheAECsector.Andyes, inthisissuewehavetheA&EcoveredbutnoC(Civil).Welook forwardtobeingabletoincludearticlesthatmorefullyrepresent ourmember'sinterestsinthefuture. Steve Stafford AUGIAECEdgeEditor MemberAUGIBoardofDirectors2006-08 AUGIRevitCommunityForumManager www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 Three Essential Resources for Design Professionals Using Autodesk Applications Diamond Sponsor Purchasing guides for CAD professionals Diamond Sponsor Purchasing guides for CAD professionals Autodesk � Autodesk Partner Solutions � Printed on recycled paper The Autodesk� Partner Solutions Resource Catalog � North America & Europe Editions � � � Delgo, image courtesy of Fathom Studios Resource Catalog Europe 2009 Partner Solutions Resource Catalog 2009 2008 provides valuable information to: Locate vendors, products and services to get to market faster Find off-the-shelf applications that can save you time Discover add-on's to complement and extend Autodesk applications Quickly connect to Autodesk authorized training centers (ATCs�) � � www.autodeskcatalog.com/europe Platinum Sponsor Gold Sponsor Platinum Sponsor Media & Entertainment www.autodeskcatalog.com Technology Innovators Special Issue 2009 Gold Sponsor www.autodeskcatalog.com autodesk KEYWORD catalog.com SEARCH NORTH AMERICA EDITION | EUROPE EDITION BROWSE DESIGN CENTERS RSS | SUBSCRIBE | ADVERTISE | ABOUT US | CONTACT HOME | NEWS | RESOURCES | WHITE PAPERS | VIDEOS | BLOGS | BUILDING DESIGN | MEDIA & ENTERTAINMENT | INFASTRUCTURE | MANUFACTURING | PROCESS & POWER SUBSCRIBE TO E PRODUCT ALERTS AUTODESK TECH VIDEOS | BUiLDiNG DesiGN | | MeDia & eNtertaiNMeNt | | PrOCess & POwer | | eUrOPe eDitiON | TOP STORIES AND NEWS Visit www.autodeskcatalog.com to stay current on news, product announcements and information on Autodesk-compatible applications. Compare product research and read complete feature articles and case studies. First Name Last Name Company Email SUBSCRIBE | iNFrastrUCtUre | | MaNUFaCtUriNG | NYacad Releases SolidStructural v.9.6 for AutoCAD Supports history based and direct modeling; available `later this year'... | New white PaPers | Memory Trends Highlight Multi-core Hits EDA Software Collaboration Models Analog IP Integration Requires Multi-core Hits EDA Software at log IP Integration Requires US CAD Releases Styles Template for AutoCAD Civil 3D Supports history based and direct modeling; available `later this year'... Amazon Reduces AutoCAD LT Price to $975 Supports history based and direct modeling; available `later this year'... Adiitional Videos iCADsales.com Releases progeTABLE Supports history based and direct modeling; available `later this year'... COMING SOON! BE FIRST TO KNOW! Order your FREE copy TODAY AUGI | AEC Edge will deliver mission-critical, game changing, industry leading, best practice advice on the AEC industry Feature articles divided by discipline focus Q&A BLOGS/TWITTER ED's EDIT Life on the Treadmill How many engineers think of their career as being spent on a treadmill? It is a larger portion than most.y SYCODE Releases 20 Import/Export Plug-Ins for Bricscad Supports history based and direct modeling; available `later this year'... More News More White Papers IN THE NEWS | aUtODesK | Feb 6-Autodesk Unveils AutoCAD 2010 SmartPurger 2.8 Released to Work with AutoCAD 2010 Feb 6 | CaD, CaM, Cae | Feb5- Ideate Offers SmartBIM Tools for Revit Users Informative Graphics Releases Redact-It Desktop 1.1 Feb 6-Autodesk Unveils AutoCAD 2010 SmartPurger 2.8 Released to Work with AutoCAD 2010 | aeC | Feb 5- SYCODE Releases 20 Import/Export Plug-Ins for Bricscad Cadsoft Releases Envisioneer for Czech Republic pdf 20-20 Technologies Offers Financing for Home Improvements ICS Sells ArchiLogs Log Home Add-On for ArchiCAD 12 JOHNS'S JAM What does Impinj, Virage and Intel have in common? I read in my local newspaper earlier this week that BE FIRST TO KNOW! Inside Track Order your FREE copy TODAY Heads Up! Reporting Upcoming Events News Briefs known Issues and bugs Columns on Revit Arch, Revit MEP,by Feature Revit Structuralarticles divided discipline focus Q&A News Briefs Inside Track QRA News Briefs Inside Track Heads Up! Upcoming Events MENTOR MAGIC Can ASIC I read in my local newspaper earlier this week that Carnegie-Mellon professor Randy Pausch More Autodesk Unveils AutoCAD 2010 SmartPurger 2.8 Released to Work with AutoCAD 2010 www.augi.com www.autodeskcatalog.com For All Marketing Inquiries Contact: FEATURED WHITE PAPERS Memory Trends Highlight Evolution and Revolution The German word Fahrvergn�gen directly translated means "the joy of driving", and anybody who has ever driven a performance car on the German Autobahn knows what I mean... by Kontron More Announcements AUTODESK DATASHEET DIRECTORY Multi-core Hits EDA Software at Its Core The German word Fahrvergn�gen directly translated means "the joy of driving", and anybody who has ever driven a performance car on the German Autobahn knows what I mean... by Kontron Collaboration Models The German word Fahrvergn�gen directly translated means "the joy of driving", and anybody who has ever driven a performance car on the German Autobahn knows what I mean... by Kontron More Featured White Papers FEATURED VIDEOS Collaboration Models The German word Fahrvergn�gen directly translated means "the joy of driving", vergn�gen directly translated means "the joy of driving", The German word Fahrvergn�gen directly translated means "the joy of driving", vergn�gen directly translated means "the joy of driving", The German word Fahrvergn�gen directly translated means "the joy of driving", vergn�gen directly translated means "the joy of driving", The German word Fahrvergn�gen directly translated means "the joy of driving", vergn�gen directly translated means "the joy of driving", The German word Fahrvergn�gen directly translated means "the joy of driving", vergn�gen directly translated means "the joy of driving", Time-saving answers for design professionals attendees -- pick up applications Autodesk Universityusing Autodesk your FREE copies FEATURED ARTICLES Collaboration Models HP and Autodesk IMAGIN iT-- Beyond Software. A Solutions Provider. Collaboration Models Simulate Camera Defocus with GenArts' Sapphire Plug-ins Industrial design company helps make change easier Collaboration Models TurboSquid cornerstone of the exploding 3D art industry ARTVPS � High Productivity Rendering Solutions Adding Quality and Value to your Autodesk 3D System See Complete List Collaboration Models CONTEX�Quality, Speed and Performance Set Our Scanners Apart From Competitors! of the 2007 editions at the Extension Media Booth #576 www.autodeskcatalog.com or subscribe online at www.autodeskcatalog.com DIGITAL EDITIONS CALENDAR OF EVENTS International Test Conference EDAC Kaufman Awards 28 Oct 2008 - Santa Clara Convention Center 28 Oct 2008 - Santa Clara Convention Center More Articles Mentor User2User 28 Oct 2008 - Santa Clara Convention Center feature focus by: Michelle Louw Revit Cross-Discipline how can the introduction of business & software systems affect your business? rememberbeinginmymidtwentieswhenthe concept of a duplicable-business-system was introducedtome.Myperspectiveaboutbusinesschangedforever.Ifoundmyselfre-evaluating everything I had previously understood about smartbusiness.Ibegantolookforopportunities tounderstandtheskillbehindguidingacohesiveteam,consisting of individuals with their own agendas, their own ideas and theiruniquewaysofdoingthings. IbegantoseeMcDonald'sassomuchmorethanjustaburger fast-foodeaterythataskedyouto"upsize"ateveryopportunity. Developingsmartbusinesssolutionsisaboutsomuchmorethan justmassproduction,greedorlimitingtheself-expressionofthe individual.It'saboutdevelopingastrategytocreateorder,tofacilitate communication and the sharingofknowledgein sucha way that the whole team heads in the same direction, towards acommongoal.Globalstatisticsreflectthataround80%ofall businessesstartedwillfailwithintheirfirst5yearsand80%of theenterprisesthatsurvivethefirst5yearswillfailinthesecond5years.Let'sfaceit...theoddsaren'tgood.Systemization isonepartofthepuzzleinassistingbusinessesinbecomingand remainingsuccessful. Refining your business system may involve minor tweaking of your current business processes or just simple and consistent documenting of team knowledge. You could introduce regular trainingworkshops,refinesomeofficestandardsordosomething moredramaticlikeaddanewdocumentationplatformtoyour officeenvironment. Introducingnewsoftware,suchasRevit,intoyourofficecaninitiallybedisruptive,stressfulanddaunting.Changingaprimary documentationplatformwillinherentlyraiseanyunresolvedissues,someofwhicharenotsoftwarerelatedatall,butarerather management,workflowordocumentationissuesthatmayhave remainedunnoticedoruncheckedforsometime.Thisevaluation processhowevercanbeaninvaluableopportunityforacompany torefreshandreviewofficeprocessesandstandardswhichmayno longerbeasefficientorevenasnecessaryastheyoncewere.The key to a successful implementation is to embrace this developmentprocessandtotakethetimetoevaluateandreviewprevious waysofdoingthings. i MostexperiencedRevituserswillacknowledgethatthereisoften morethanonewaytoachieveaparticularoutcomeusingvarious tools;howevereachoptionhasasetoframificationsthatneedto be understood and considered before deciding on a best documentationapproach.ByaskingquestionsabouthowBIM-capable software,suchasRevit,canimprovetheaccuracyandconsistency ofyourdocumentationyouwillinstinctivelyre-examineprevious workflowsandbegintofindwaystostreamlineandimprovethe documentationflowandoutputwithinyourcompany. Sohowdoessystemizationrelatetotheconstructionindustryor affectyourspecificbusiness? Itisimperativetoreviewourofficeprocessesandtochallengehow weorder,find,edit,manage,distribute,updateandcollatedata, projectfiles,drawings,warranties,legalpapersetc.Ibelievethat theindustrypursuitoftheBIMideal,theadvancementinsoftwaresandnewtechnologiesallraisearealthreatofinformation overload. Without good office systems disorganised companies couldsoonlosemuchoftheirprofitsastheybecomemoreand moreinundatedwithallkindsofinformation. Herearesomebriefexamplesofwhatasystem-based-solutioncan prevent,therebysavingtime,frustration,inefficiencyandmoney. � Losingafilethatsomeonehasaccidentallydeletedmovedor altered. � Not being able to determine the most current version of a workingfileinstantly. � Inheritingaprojectfilewherenoofficeconventionsorapparentlogichasbeenapplied. � Findingcorruptfilesthathavenotbeendeleted,archivedor worse,arestillinuse. � Transmittals or revisions have not been accurately maintainedormanaged. � Insufficient or irregular protection and back-up of data on servers. � Tasks are often repeated by several team members due to insufficientcommunicationoralackofshareddatacollaboration. Itintriguesmewhysomesystemsworkwellandwhyothersare ignoredandfail.Whatisthesecret? Ithinkthereareseveralfactorsthatseemtofacilitateasuccessful outcomewhenrefiningacompany'sprocesses. spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com feature focus Revit Cross-Discipline Herearesomesecretstomakingitwork: � Management&leadersmustsupportthenewinitiativeand revisedsystem. � Avoidcreatingprocessesthatcreateadditionalworkloadfor teamswithminimalbenefit. � ABusinesssystemandoutlinedprocessesneedtobesimple, easytofollowandshouldreduceconfusion. � Anysystemworthcreatingisworthmaintainingandmonitoring. [Document management and process procedures clearly.] � Createwellconsideredsystemsolutionsthatpre-emptpossiblehurdlesorrisksoffailure. � Thesystemisdesignedtoimproveefficiencyand/oroutput accuracy. � Don't try to appease everyone but remember to consider the impacts on otherdepartments. � Where possible create processesthatcanbesupported across several, if not all, departments to ensureminimalvariances in procedures. Consistencyandsimplicityisthe key. � Steer clear of creating a system that is too inflexible. � Resist the temptation to create a procedure for absolutely everything.Avoidmicro-management. Onceyouhavecapturedsomeofthevaluableknowledgethekeyis toreproduceitamongstyourstaffmembers.Thiscanbeachieved intheformofreferencemanuals,intranetortrainingandinductions.Ifyoutakethetimetoformalisethetransferofknowledge throughvarioustrainingmaterialsyouwillbeensuringthecorrectknowledgeisduplicatedthroughtheofficeenvironmentand thateveryoneisfollowingthesameprotocols.Considersetting apartnership/buddyprogrammewithinyourfirmthatsupports andencouragesthesharingofknowledgeandmentorship. Whilst working at Woolworths I created a Revit user guide whichprovedtobeausefultooltoensureeveryonewasheading inthesamedirection.IdocumentedtheRevitsystem,expected document outputs and company specific Revit practices. This guidebecameaninvaluablemeans to ensure existing and new staff had a consistent reference to workfrom;therebyensuringthat six documentation offices across Australia all produced identical workingdrawingsandstaffcould switch across projects, if needed, withoutanyconfusionwithregard to project and office standards as wellascontentlibraries. In my experience Revit's performanceabilitycanbedramatically improveduponbycleveranddisciplinedprinciples.Ihavefound that a well considered and consistently followed convention for shared parameters, family sub-categories, view templates and family namingcanmakeaworld ofdifference tohowdatacan becontrolled,maintained,repairedandmonitored.Whatexcites memostaboutRevitishowthesoftwareexcelsinanenvironment oforderandhoweasyitcanbecometoidentifyinconsistenciesif chosenstandardsarecloselyfollowed. Ithinkthekeythingtokeepinmindistocreatesystemsthat areclear,simpleandf lexible.Seeforyourselfhowsystemization could benefit you, your team and create a better work environment. BestofLuck! Michelle Louw worked for Benn Design in the architectural and the Revit Training & Implementation division for several years. Since then she has found a passion for system development, content creation and Revit� management. She has worked in national Revit System roles for Woolworths and Mirvac Design. Michelle is now working for PDT Architects, www.pdt.com.au, in Brisbane, Australia as the Revit & BIM Manager. She has also recently started her own blog http://bimboombam.wordpress.com ...80% of the enterprises that survive the first 5 years will fail in the second 5 years. let's face it... the odds aren't good... Knowledge and industry experience can be a company's most valuableasset.Essentiallyknowledgemanagementoffersacompanysomeprotectionandensuresthatvaluableknowledgeand experienceisduplicatedthroughouttheoffice.Besurethatwhen senior orlong-term staff members leave your firm that they do notwalkoutthedoorwiththeirwisdom.Takethetimetocapturesomeoftheirinsightandfundamentalknowledgeofoffice protocolssothatyoucanusetheknowledgetotrainandco-ordinateyourstafftoharnessteamstrengths.Rewardpersonnelwho are eager to contribute to knowledge management and try and discourageaself-centredworkethosthatperpetuateanisolated learningenvironment. Herearesomethingsthatmaybeworthdocumenting: � What are the desired project workflows and office procedures? � Howdovariousdepartmentsinteract? � Howisdatamanaged,edited,repaired,updatedand/orissued? � Whoisaccountablefordocumentingandupdatingrelevant procedures?[Securitypermissions] � Howshouldstaffmembersbenotifiedofchangesinprocedures? 10 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 | contributed wHite PaPer | department contributed white paper Conceptual Design Modeling in Autodesk Revit Architecture 2010 In building design, visualizing a form in the earliest stages enhances a designer's ability to communicate ideas; and the ability to analyze and evaluate these forms yields an advantage in predicting and optimizing the real-world performance of � the built project. These attributes form a core value of the building information modeling (BIM) process, for which Autodesk � Revit Architecture software is purpose-built to support. Using a speculative urban high-rise project as the model for exploration, this white paper details how CASE Design, a design technology consultancy based in New York City, utilized the new conceptual design tools in Revit Architecture to more easily create massing designs; explore design alternatives based on qualitative and quantitative feedback; and address various environmental, constructability, and aesthetic concerns that arose during project realization. 1. Parametric Massing Design: The Challenge of the Building Form While approach and attitude about design may differ from firm to firm, most designers would agree that iterative design can lead to more optimal solutions. However, several concerns arise, such as: How does a designer find the right solution for any given project? How can design criteria be used more effectively to evaluate possible design solutions? And finally, how can technology help make this exploration and discovery process more informative and more efficient? With regard to the specific project explored in this white paper, several key constraints affected the outcome of the design. 1.1 Site and Context Requirements The site for the tower is located on the edge of a high-rise business district, adjacent to a low-rise residential district near a waterfront. The site is an undeveloped triangular parcel bordered by two major streets. An existing secondary street to the north of the site will be closed and incorporated into the buildable footprint of the parcel. 1.2 Programmatic and Planning Requirements The program of the tower will be a mixture of hotel (7,000 square meters) and residential (19,000 square meters) space, with the hotel occupying the lower section of the building. The unusual shape and context of the site present challenging planning requirements. The design must meet the stated programmatic requirements within a tight footprint of 951 square meters, while not exceeding 150 meters in height. Furthermore, the design should minimize the impact of overshadowing on the adjacent buildings and streets. 1.3 Environmental Requirements Complicating things further is a requirement calling for a building form that is designed for solar collection. With this added requirement for energy reduction, the exterior shell of the form will utilize special photovoltaic panels to make best use of the solar energy available to the site, which will translate to lower operating costs. spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 11 department contributed white paper | contributed wHite PaPer | CONCEPTUAL DESIGN MODELING IN AUTODESK REVIT ARCHITECTURE 2010 2. Massing Approach: Creating the Building Form The new Conceptual Mass environment supports both surface and solid modeling workflows. The solid modeling workflow maintains the benefits of working with mass families, such as the use of the Building Maker tools, while also providing new direct manipulation tools that significantly enhance the ability to create faster, iterative design models. With these new tools, surfaces can now be created and manipulated, or they can be thickened to create solid masses. Both surfaces and the solid faces also now serve as the basis for the new custom panel families. This white paper focuses primarily on the solid modeling workflow--the most appropriate technique for a volumetric design--and demonstrates how these masses can be incorporated into a Revit Architecture project. 2.1 Maximizing Buildable Volume To visualize the extents of the maximum buildable volume, the full parcel is extruded to the maximum height (150 meters) using the Create Form button, a new context aware geometry creation feature that replaces individual modeling commands such as Extrusion, Sweep, and Blend. This conceptual mass family is placed into a Revit Architecture project containing the site and surrounding context. Levels are then used to create mass floors from the maximum buildable volume, and a mass floor schedule is generated showing a total buildable area of 35,205 square meters. Conceptual Mass in the Project Environment Mass Floor Schedule Although these results might be ideal for the developer, they leave much to be desired from both urban and aesthetic perspectives. In addition, city planning officials would likely have concerns. However, by utilizing the new conceptual mass tools in Revit Architecture, these issues can be more readily addressed. 2.2 Responding Intuitively to Urban Context For the tower to respond to its urban context, the programmatic volume requires fundamental modifications to create better public space at the street level. To address this, the north face of the conceptual mass is split using the Add Profile and Add Edge tools, allowing for a more generous pedestrian walkway and providing better light and air to the adjacent building to the north. 1 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 2 | contributed wHite PaPer | department contributed white paper CONCEPTUAL DESIGN MODELING IN AUTODESK REVIT ARCHITECTURE 2010 Performing this action allows the design team to manipulate the conceptual mass in a variety of ways. In this situation, the lower section of the mass is moved away from the adjacent building. As a result of moving the east face of the conceptual mass, an entrance plaza and public space adjacent to the low-rise residential district can be created. With the quick edits in place, potential city planning concerns have been addressed. 2.3 Increasing Project Precision In order to understand the impact that design modifications have on the programmatic requirements, the conceptual mass is updated in the Revit Architecture project. Accordingly, the mass floors and corresponding area schedule in Revit Architecture are both automatically updated to reflect changes. With modifications in place, the current conceptual mass is now 1,990 square meters over the program target. Up until this point, design modifications have been made graphically via direct manipulation techniques. In order to better control the precision of future modifications, reference planes and parameters are now added, enabling increased degrees of control through numeric input. With the introduction of bidirectional parameters, the model is modified using both numerical and graphical means. Changes made using the direct manipulation tools will now conversely update the numerical parameters in the model. The introduction of parameters also provides the flexibility to make changes directly from within the project environment, giving the design team instant feedback from area schedules. The tower design now satisfies the requirements of both the client and city planners; however, additional steps should still be taken to further refine the building form and environmental impact. 2.4 Minimizing the Impact of Shadows Reducing the overshadowing of the tower on neighboring buildings and streets becomes the primary concern at this stage of the design process. By enabling the interactive shadow tools within Revit Architecture, the design team can quickly identify troublesome areas. To address these areas, the west face of the conceptual mass is altered to reduce the impact of shadows on the existing towers to the west of the site. With this simple action, the project team reduces the effects of overshadowing, sculpts the top of the tower, and verifies that modifications meet program targets. spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 3 13 department contributed white paper | contributed wHite PaPer | CONCEPTUAL DESIGN MODELING IN AUTODESK REVIT ARCHITECTURE 2010 2.5 Maximizing Solar Collection With the building form beginning to take shape according to programmatic and site requirements, consideration is now given to designing for solar collection. Autodesk EcotectTM Analysis 2010 software, an interactive early stage building performance simulation tool, is used for solar insolation analysis. After importing the building form into Ecotect Analysis, tests reveal that the buildings to the west cast shadows across the western face of the tower, while the southern face, particularly near the top, is largely unobstructed. Based on the information provided by Ecotect Analysis, the southern face is further refined in Revit Architecture. Using the Add Edge tool, an edge is added to the south face, creating a top vertex that is then modified via direct manipulation. The result is a decreased angle of incidence to the sun. � Performing a second insolation analysis of the updated building form with Ecotect Analysis reveals an increase in solar radiation, indicating that the surface is now positioned to maximize photovoltaic panel solar collection. 2.6 Exploring Design Alternatives Using the completed mass as an underlay, additional design options are more readily explored. For this purpose, a series of profiles are created using "associative" 3D snapping, constraining sketches to the base mass, while a curvilinear tower is lofted through these profiles. The design is then modified by changing parameters, with revisions automatically reflected in both mass options. With the mass family updated and loaded into the Revit Architecture project, switching between mass types can be performed more quickly and seen together within the updated area schedule. Parameter-Driven Design Options Curvilinear Tower Option The second curvilinear mass adds additional floor area, but also reduces the overall height of the building form. The result is a new building form that still meets area targets, but also slightly reduces the shadows it creates on neighboring buildings. 3. Custom Panelization: Creating the Custom Panel In addition to the new Conceptual Mass environment, Revit Architecture now provides an environment for the creation of custom panel families and tools to automate their population onto the surfaces of mass forms. The result is a simplification of a once complex technique, now making it more readily accessible to all building designers. When creating Panel Design there are three key requirements for the design of custom panels. 4 1 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 | contributed wHite PaPer | department contributed white paper CONCEPTUAL DESIGN MODELING IN AUTODESK REVIT ARCHITECTURE 2010 Solar Shading The envelope panelization should vary in density and depth based on orientation and adjacent buildings, providing solar shading that will minimize heat gain due to direct solar radiation. Cost and Constructability The designer should use precise material takeoffs and surface area calculations to assist in determining the feasibility of different panelization designs. Additionally, with respect to the construction process, a decision should be made as to whether off-site or on-site fabrication is the more cost-effective and appropriate solution. Aesthetics The panel pattern should be iteratively studied and aesthetically related to the geometry of the mass, ultimately contributing to the iconic qualities of the tower design. 3.1 Defining the Pattern In order to quickly test different paneling options, the Divide Surface tool is used on the faces of conceptual masses. Initially, the isocurves (UV) of the surfaces are displayed based on either the number or spacing specified in the options bar. These curves and their intersections form the basis of various predefined patterning options selected from the Change Element Type drop-down list. Visibility of these patterns is toggled using the Pattern Visibility button. Spacing, rotation, and justification of the pattern are easily controlled by directly interacting with the model and receiving instant visual feedback. Divided Surface Hex Surface Pattern Arrow Surface Pattern These patterns become the basis of user-defined panels created in the new custom panel family environment. After evaluating several options on each mass, the rhomboid and hexagonal patterns are selected for their respective aesthetic associations with the faceted and curvilinear masses respectively. 4. Designing the Panel: Panel-Based Solar Shading The patterns are now used to understand the potential effects of orientation and solar radiation on the panels. By exporting this model to Ecotect Analysis and running a solar insolation analysis, the project team is able to determine which faces are receiving the most direct solar radiation and the resulting amount of shading required. 5 spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 1 department contributed white paper | contributed wHite PaPer | CONCEPTUAL DESIGN MODELING IN AUTODESK REVIT ARCHITECTURE 2010 The information resulting from this analysis will become useful in determining the panelization approach and the panel configuration on each mass by informing the shape of the frame and density of the panels. 4.1 Customizing the Panels Within the new custom panel family environment, a rhomboid pattern is used as the basis for a new panel family. The width and depth of the frame are controlled using interactive dimensional parameters. In order to vary the density of the panels, the project team mimics a process of recursion, where the first panel is divided into four, and then subsequently each of these panels are further subdivided into four additional panels. Using visibility parameters, different types are created within the panel family. This allows the project team to vary the density of the panel based on solar shading and collection, as well as constructability and aesthetic considerations. Finally, the faces of the frame are painted, which allows material takeoffs to be extracted from the project once panels are applied. Another custom panel family is created for the curvilinear mass using the Hexagon pattern. Rather than controlling the frame width by changing a dimensional parameter, a graphical control rig is created by using offset reference planes that drive a named parameter. Like the rhomboid panel, materials are painted on the frame, making it possible to schedule surface area after the panels have been populated. 4.3 Populating the Panels onto the Building Form With two panel families created and loaded into the conceptual mass model, new panel types are chosen from the Change Element Type drop-down list, making it possible to apply panels to each face of the mass. Individual modifications are then made to the panels based on existing solar performance and aesthetic requirements. This is done by selecting the appropriate panels and switching between the different types that were created within the panel family. In accordance with the panel requirements, denser panels are used in areas of greater solar exposure. 4.4 Using Quantitative Data to Inform Final Design Decisions Now that the panelization approach for each mass has been determined, scheduling tools are used from within the Revit Architecture project to quickly calculate the number of panels and the surface area of each material used. 1 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 6 | contributed wHite PaPer | department contributed white paper CONCEPTUAL DESIGN MODELING IN AUTODESK REVIT ARCHITECTURE 2010 Since the underlying masses are controlled parametrically, the project team can continue to update and refine the design based on this information, incorporating real-time feedback and modifications, until it is finally concluded that the preliminary design with the custom rhomboid panel patterning is the most optimal design solution for project requirements. Conclusion This white paper and speculative project have demonstrated some of the potential uses of the new conceptual design tools available in Autodesk Revit Architecture 2010 software. The enhanced intuitive design environment helps give designers a notable advantage through the pairing of robust parametric modeling tools for earlier concept development with an already comprehensive and mature BIM platform. The result is a natural extension of the Revit Architecture design environment into a highly capable conceptual design solution for sophisticated form exploration, custom patterning, and panelization. About the Authors CASE Design, Inc. CASE is a design technology consultancy based in New York City. CASE provides strategic advising to architecture, engineering, and construction firms seeking to transform their practices through technological innovation. We help our clients identify and implement technologies that enable more effective coordination, communication, collaboration, and information exchange. For more information, visit us online at www.case-inc.com. Autodesk, Autodesk Revit Architecture and Autodesk Ecotect Analysis are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk, Inc., and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. All other brand names, product names, or trademarks belong to their respective holders. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product offerings and specifications at any time without notice, and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. � 2009 Autodesk, Inc. All rights reserved. spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 7 17 feature focus Revit Cross-Discipline by: Laura Handler how to "BiM-enable ipD" ostrecently,Ifinishedworkingonthefirst IPDprojectontheeastcoast(how'sthat forasuperlative),Autodesk'sAECHeadquartersinWaltham,MA.Tocciwasawardedthe project with KlingStubbins in May of 2008 and obtained the Certificate of Occupancy on January15,2009.MyroleontheprojectwasasTocci'sBIMLead; togetherwiththeBIMLeadfromKlingStubbins,SarahVekasy, IwasresponsiblefortheBIM(youknow,BuildingInformation Model)onthisveryveryBIM-enabledproject. Our process wasn't perfect; we didn't have too many IPD role modelstolookupto(Ithinktherehavebeenlessthan10IPD projectsinthecountry..ever),butitworked.Idon'tknowifwhat wedidcouldbereplicatedonotherprojects,byotherteams,but perhapsIcanprovideajumpingoffpoint. M soMe BACkGRounD on ipD Iwon'tpretendthatIcanactuallyexplainthecontractualintricaciesofIPD(forthat,GoogleHowardAshcraft),butitishelpful tounderstandalittleaboutIPDbeforegettingtothe"howto". PureIPDrequiresasingletri-partycontractbetweentheprinciple participants: owner, architect and builder. There are 4 overarchingprinciplesthatsupportIPD: � Earlysubstantiveinvolvementofkeyparticipants � Joint risk and reward through an incentivized profit pool �noonewinsunlesseveryonewins � Jointprojectmanagementwithdecisionsbyconsensus � Zerolitigation TocciheldIPDsubcontractswithkeysubcontractorsthatheld themtothosesameprinciples. Figure 1: The project's BIM Execution Plan (BEP) developed by Tocci, KlingStubbins and Autodesk 18 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 feature focus Revit Cross-Discipline plAnninG BIM-Enabled IPD requires a shared model between design and construction.Thereisno"ourmodel"and"theirmodel".Weused severalRevitfilestocompriseourmodel.Ourmodelswereorganizedbydiscipline;everyonehadaccesstoeverything,atalltimes. (SeeFgure1) Before any modeling happened on the project, Sarah & I sat downtoestablishandnegotiateallofourBIMStandards,which wedocumentedinourBIMExecutionPlan(BEP),seeFigure01. WehadtofigureouttechnicalRevitthingslikeworksets,phases, andbrowserorganization,butother,more"social"processes,for instance,protocolsforwhenacentralfilecrashes.Wealsothough outsomewaytoachieve"gatekeeping"(translation:tomakesure thatIdidn'tinadvertentlymoveanythingIwasn'tworkingon), butwedidn'tendupusinganyofthembecausetherewassomuch trustintheteam. Oneofourmajorplanningactivitieswasmergingourindividual Revittemplatestocreateaprojecttemplate.Wemostlyusedthe standardswedevelopedanddocumentedinourBEP,butwedid runintosomeissuesthatwehadn'tconsidered.Forinstance,we hadtofigureouthowtohandletheprojectnumberbecausewe havedifferentprojectnumbers(itactuallywasn'ttheworld'smost creativesolution�wejustaddedaparameterforasecondproject numberforToccitouse). Figure 2: Reviewing the process for modeling walls in three components Moreimportantly,Ireallythinkthatitcreatedasenseofteam andunderstanding.During"their"deadlineweeks(forinstance, permitdeadline),Ireallyfeltthestressandtension,andonmore "fun"days(forinstance,thefoldingpaperdaysduringdesignconcept),Iwasabletounderstandtheconceptbehindtheirdesign. SinceIunderstoodwhythingswerehappening,Iwasinamuch betterpositiontocommunicatetootherteammembersatTocci. Co-loCAtinG Akeycomponenttointegrationfortheprojectwasco-location. Duringthedesignperiod,IworkedtwodaysperweekatKlingStubbins'office,at"my"desknexttothedesignteam.Originally, thiswasonlyoursolutionformodel-access�wheneverIneeded todoworkinthe(our)models,IwouldjustgotoworkatKlingStubbins.Co-locatinggavemetheopportunitytoinputcontent into the model as well as export information, but the majority ofmyworkatKlingStubbinswasn'tactualmodelcontribution.I wasabletoreviewanddocumentmaterialselectionsandoptions, reviewscheduleandmilestones,explainmodelingstrategy,plan meetings,etc.Alotofthiscouldhavebeenaccomplishedoverthe phone(andonthedaysthatIworkedintheToccioffice,itwas), butitwaseasierinperson.(SeeFigure2) MoDelinG stRAteGy ModelstrategywasbigpartofourBEP,butsomeoftheitems didn'tgetresolvedforseveralweeks. WAlls We knew from the start that we would eventually model walls as three components, in the method ala construction, but we couldn'tfigureoutwhen.Weendedupdoingitafewweeksbeforethepermitsetwentout.Afterafewdiscussions,weagreed onamulti-stepplantodothis.Theprocesswastoolengthyto describe,butitstartedwithKlingStubbinsdoingsomeorganizationworkinthemodelwithwalls(settingwalllocationas:Core Centerline).Then,Icameinandstarted"breaking".Ihadavery systematicapproach,includedbothtrackingprogressandaccu- Figure 3: Illustrating the wall breaking concept spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 1 feature focus Revit Cross-Discipline racy in Revit and on a printed 2D RCP (with several colors of highlighter,ofcourse). Theresultingwallswerealittlebitmoredifficulttoworkwith, butwemadedo.Althoughthereweresomeissueswithgraphics (in a view set to coarse, the edge of each wall can still be seen, makingdrawingslook"muddy"),Ithinktheymadedetailingwall sectionsslightlyeasier(atleastthatiswhatKlingStubbinssaid!). And the walls made construction much more streamlined; we usedthemodelforpartitionlayout(directtoTotalStation)and visualscheduling. Figure5),sothatthefieldstaffwouldhaveabettersenseofthe overalldesignintentfortheaffectedareas. Forthisproject,weplacedbetween12and14renderingsonsite. EventhoughwehaveasharedmodelwithKlingStubbins,these areTocci-producedrenderings.Wedefinitelybenefitedfromthe renderingsthatKlingStubbinsdidduringdesignbecausealotof thecustommaterialswerealreadysetupandwehadaccesstoall oftheJPGsKlingStubbinsused. Itwasreallyexcitingtoplacetheboardsonsite-whenIplaced them, the drywaller came over and started discussing how the cantileveredpieceofthecurvedwallcouldbesupportedaswell astheidealsequenceforinstallingthedrywallandthemetalceilings.Itwasexactlywhatwewerehopingwouldhappen! Editor's Note: If you are interested in learning more about this project, Autodesk created a video and it is posted at Youtube. You can watch the video using this web address: http://www.tocci.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=articl e&id=325&Itemid=356 Laura Handler is the Virtual Construction Manager at Tocci Building Corporation, a construction management firm outside Boston, working to implement and integrate virtual construction into current practices. She began working with Tocci, implementing VDC/BIM, in June of 2006. Laura also manages Q5, a subsidiary of Tocci, which provides VDC and IPD Facilitation Services. Laura serves as a leader of the AGC BIMForum, Boston Revit Users and Group and other industry organizations. She publishes her thoughts about her work at bimx.blogspot.com. The Tocci Building Companies provides leading building services throughout the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic. Our philosophy is simple -- we all work for the project. We collaborate with our partners to actively serve the project, deferring individual objectives, to compel superior job performance and unqualified success. Q5 leverages Tocci's knowledge and experience with VDC and IPD to provide facilitation services for projects around the world. KlingStubbins is an internationally recognized design firm with over sixty years of experience providing professional services in all major disciplines within the realm of architecture, engineering, interiors, planning and landscape architecture. KlingStubbins is committed to design excellence and quality, in design, technology and service. We are nationally recognized leaders in sustainable design, consistent with our commitment to support the communities within which we work and live. We are innovators in project delivery, including BIM technology. Above all, we are focused on the needs of our clients, integrating their business drivers into the creative process, resulting in projects of enduring value. liGhtinG FixtuRes Thelightingfixturedebatewasn'thow,butwhere:inthearchitectureRVTortheMEPRVT.Architectureplacesthelightsand referencesthemindesigndocuments,butMEPneedstoconnect toandcoordinatewiththem.Weknewthattheycouldn'tbein bothmodels(forquantitytakeoffreasons),butcouldn'tfigureout thebestwaytoapproachthemforquitesometime. Iwon'tgetintotheheateddebatewewentthrough,butluckily, we came to a conclusion just before we needed to start placing them.ThelightswereplacedandannotatedintheMEPmodel, byarchitecture,andthenarchitecturereferencedspecificviewsin thelinkedfiles. on site NaturallythereisagreatdealmoreIcouldwriteaboutourexperiencesoncewegottoworkonsite.I'lltouchonjustonefor thisarticle.Wepostedtheserenderingsonsite(SeeFigure4and Figure 4 & 5: Renderings installed on-site 0 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 feature focus by: Bruce Gow Revit Cross-Discipline A little help From My Friends collaboration between consultants hisisabriefoverviewofconceptsthatyou canutilize whenyouhavean allRevit environmenttogreatlyimprovecollaboration between building professionals and deliver your projectsontimewithhigherqualityandimproved efficiency.Youcanbegintostudytheseconcepts furtheriftheyapplytoyourprojectneeds. t linkinG Files Linkingisthepreferredmethodforcollaborationandthesubject of this article. Linking allows use of Copy / Monitor to alertteammembersthatacopied/monitoredobjecthasbeen amended by another team. Each team is in control of its own partoftheproject. Onepossibledisadvantageisthatsometimesanelementmaybe createdbyeachdiscipline.AnexampleofthisisaWC(toilet) createdinitiallybythearchitectthenrecreatedbytheMEPteam. OnlytheREvitMEPWCintheirfilecanbeconnectedtoaSanitaryandColdwatersystem. Itispossibletouseaworksharedprojectinacollaborativeenvironment,butthatisthesubjectofanotherarticle. sAMe veRsion TheteammustbeawareoftheversionsofRevitthataretobe usedinacollaborativeenvironment.Thisisnowaloteasierasall 3Revitplatformsrefertotheyearrelease.Iftheprojectistospan across a time zone when a new release is made, the team must collectively agree that all members will upgrade at a particular timeornot. sAMe BuilD Itisimportantthateachdisciplineisrunningthesamebuildof Revit,withineachoffice&discipline.Ifthisisnotthecase,errors couldresultwhenaSaveToCentralisdone.Youcandetermine whichbuildyouviaHelpmenu>ProductLicenseandInformation.ThebuildisdisplayedattheverytopasshowninFigure1. MAnAGeMent EachteamforalargeprojectshouldhaveaBIMManageraspart oftheirstructure.TheBIMmanagerisanexperiencedRevituser whoalsounderstands,intimately,thedemandsofhisownaswell astheotherdisciplines.TheBIMManagerswilldetermineand agreetotheteams'responsibilitiestominimiserework.Asanexample,Thearchitectsmaynotmodelthesanitaryfittingsforthe Figure 1: PRODUCT LICENSE AND INFORMATION spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 1 feature focus Revit Cross-Discipline reasonmentionedpreviously.TheArchitectsmayberesponsible fortheceilingsbecausetheyarecontrollingtheceilingheightand thegridsetout.Inthiscase,theMEPBIMManagermaydeterminethatthelightandMechanicalfittingsarenottobehosted elements. If the ceiling is moved they will need to move these fittingsindependently. begintosearchformorearcaneissuesbychoosingtheircategoriesinstead. Copy / MonitoR tool TheCopy/Monitortoolnotonlycopiescertainelementsfrom thelinkedfiletothehostfile,butalsosetsupamonitoringprocess sothatifachangeismadeinthelinkedfile,theuserofthehost filewillbealertedwhenthelinkedfileisreloaded.Thereareonly certainelementsthatcanbecopiedandmonitoredfromeachofthe 3Revitplatforms:Grids,Levels,Columns,Walls&Floors. YouwillnotethattheMEPteamcannotcopy/monitorceilings, forinstance.Itisimportanttobeselectiveaboutwhatiscopiedas Revitwillslowdownsignificantlyiftoomanyelementsarecopied.AtaminimumateamshouldplantouseCopy/Monitorfor LevelsandGrids. RelAtionships In a traditional arrangement, the Architect will commence the projectandgetthefundamentalsofthedesignworkedoutina digitalform.TheStructuralEngineerandMEPEngineerswill then get this prelim design from the Architect and commence theirowndesignworkanalyzingthebuilding'srequirementsand beginintegratingtheirworkwithinthecontextofthearchitecturalframework.TheArchitectwouldthenreceiveandreviewthe StructuralEngineer'smodelbylinkingitintotheirownmodel. Theworkflowrelationshipbetweeneachfirmischaracterizedby usingthesefeatures:LinkingModels,Copy/MonitorandresultingCoordinationReviewsandInterferenceCheck. WhataretheEngineersinterestedincopying/monitoringfrom theArchitectsModel? Levels Level and Grid Standards Level and Grid Standards Walls Floors Will they be used for structure or willthestructurebeoffset? Dotheyagree? Willtheyberevised?Aretheysplit orcontinuous? Arestructuralwallsindicated? AreStructuralfloorsshown?Will theyberevised? CooRDinAtion RevieW A Coordination Review warning displays, when monitored elementshavebeenmodifiedandlinked.ThewarningscanbereviewedusingtheCoordinationReviewcommand.Warningsare applicable to elements in the current project or between a host andalinkedproject.Warningscanoccurbecauseoftheseviolations/conditions: � Anoriginalmonitoredelementfromthelinkedprojecthas changed. � A copied monitored element in the host project has changed. � Boththeoriginalmonitoredelementandthecopiedelement havechanged. � Theoriginalelementinthelinkedfilewasdeleted. � Thecopiedelementinthehostfilewasdeleted inteRFeRenCe CheCk TheInterferenceChecktoolfindsintersectionsbetweenthesolid geometryorvolumeofelementsinaproject.Thesecanbeasetof selectedelementsorallelementsinthemodel.Itisimportantto understandthatprocessingtimeusingthistoolcanvarygreatly. Inalargemodel,simplycheckingallcategoriesagainsteachother canresultinareportthatwilltakeaverylongtimeandisnot recommended. Toreduceprocessingtime,selectalimitedsetofelementsora limitednumberofcategories.Considerthe"lowhangingfruit". Everyprofessionalhasasenseofwhichthingstendtoexperience interference coordination problems, like structure and HVAC equipment. Interference Checking is fundamentally between Categoriesofelementswhetherinlinkedfilesorwithinthesame project.Limitingthetooltoacoupleofexpectedcategoriesata timemeanfewerreturnsandeasierverification/resolution.This means that you work through the various expected conflicts to verifyifyouhaveanyatall.Oncethoseareworkedoutyoucan WhatistheArchitectinterestedincopying/monitoringfrom theotherModels? Levels Grids Sometimes,iftheyaddnewLevels Sometimes,iftheyaddnewGrids Primarily the Architect will run Interference Checking against elementsintheStructuralEngineersModel. ARChiteCt & Mep enGineeR TheArchitectwillissuerevisionsastheprojectprogressestothe MEP engineer. The MEP Engineer will position the architects designincontext,createhisownspacesandzones,commence analysisandthenstartonthedesignfortheMEPsystems.The MEPEngineerusesLinkedModelsandCoordinationMonitor as their primary coordination tools. In some cases, the MEP teammaymonitorlevelsintheArchitectsdesign.TheArchitect willcoordinatewiththeMEPEngineerbyusinglinkedmodels WhatistheMEPEngineerinterestedincopying/monitoring fromtheArchitectsmodel? Levels Level Standards Sometimesthismaybenecessary Dotheyagree www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 feature focus Revit Cross-Discipline TheArchitectisprimarilyinterestedinrunningan Interference Check againsttheMEPelementsinthelinkedmodel. Structural Engineer 1.ReceivestheArchitectsrevisedmodel.Savesitinthesame locationasthepreviousversion. 2.Whenitisreloaded,theymaybealertedtochangesbythe Coordination Monitor for Monitored or Copied elements only. 3. Follow the process outlined above for the architect and Interference Check. Note that commentsmaybeaccessedusing the"InaLinkedProject"tab. MEP Engineer: 1. Receives the Architects and/ or Structural Engineers model andthenlinksitintohisownproject,savinginthesamelocationas stRuCtuRAl enGineeR AnD Mep enGineeR BothpartiesuseLinkedModelsandInterferenceChecking. A CASE STUDY TO ILLUSTRATE THE PROCESS Structural Engineer 1.Receives the Architects model, then links it into hisprojectmodelfile.Uses OrigintoOrigintolink. 2.ChangesVisibilitysetting to Architecture ( or Coordination) 3.Selects Tools > Copy/ Monitor>SelectLink(selectsthearchitecturalmodel) 4.Monitors or Copy/Monitors the elements in the architecturalmodelthathedeemsnecessary. 5.Developsthestructuralmodel. you can begin to study these concepts further if they apply to your project needs... MEP Engineer 1.ReceivestheArchitectsmodel,thenlinksitintohisproject modelfile.Heselectsthelinkandcheckstheparameterfor RoomBoundingintheTypeProperties.(Allowsthelinked filetodeterminespaces)UsesOrigintoOrigintolink 2.Changes Visibility setting to Architecture ( or Co-ordination) 3.Selects Tools > Copy/Monitor > Select Link ( selects the architecturalmodel) 4.Monitors or Copy/Monitors the elements in the architecturalmodelthathedeemsnecessary. 5.SetsuphisownSpacesandZones. 6.DevelopstheMEPmodel Architect 1.Receives the Engineering models and links them to their modelfileusingOrigintoOrigin. 2.ReviewandCoordinateReviewwarningsandresolvethem. 3.Run Interference Check between selected elements of the linkedmodelsandtheirs. 4.Ifnecessaryelecttocopyandormonitorengineeringlevels fromtheothermodels. When Models Change 1.Awarningdialogueappearswhentherevisedmodel'slinkis loaded. 2.Thechangescanbeviewed�Tools>CoordinationReview >SelectLink. 3.The Coordination review dialog reveals the alert and gives the host the opportunity of Accepting, Rejecting or DoingNothing.(IfaMonitoredelementhaschanged,then Modify,RenameorMoveareavailable) 4.Thearchitectreviseshismodelasnecessaryandreissuesitto theconsultants. thepreviousversion. 2.ReviewandCoordinationReviewitemsifnecessary. 3.UseInterferenceCheck.(Tools>InterferenceCheck>Run Check.) 4.AddressanyelementsidentifiedbytheInterferenceCheck.( OpenanInterferenceReport).Refreshaftereachconflictis resolved.(Tools>InterferenceCheck>ShowLastReport) Theprocessisreiterated.Eachdisciplineaddressissuesrelative totheircontextbutinthefullknowledgeofthebuildingmodel. Naturallyyourprojectconditionsmayvary.Itisimportantthat eachfirmcommunicateswitheachotherfrequentlyandthateach firm'steamunderstandsthesetools.Withoutthemtheproject's collaboration/coordination effort may not be improved much overexistingpractices. Bruce is a registered architect who has worked as everything from print boy to director. His architectural background includes work on a wide range of project types, including commercial high-rise, hospitality, health care, and residential/commercial developments. He is a Revit; Implementation Architect/Applications Engineer with KarelCAD. He works in Australia and New Zealand, where he demonstrates Autodesk products; trains and implements Revit; Architecture, Structure, and MEP; and supports Autodesk products for a broad client base. Bruce is active in the Revit community, organizing the Revit User Group Brisbane (RUGB ). He is a moderator for the Autodesk User Group International Revit Community , a speaker at Revit conferences, and he writes a blog on Revit topics called "Revitalise". spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 3 feature focus Revit Cross-Discipline by: Matt Mason extending BiM Design value using the Revit Api napplicationprogramminginterface(API) allows users and developers to extend the capabilities of an existing application by writing a program or script that adds new functionalitytothesoftware.TheAutodeskRevitAPI allows programmers to change elements in the BuildingInformationModel(BIM)directlyortoaccessthedata toperformspecializedtasks. Powerusersandsoftwaredevelopersaretakingadvantageofthe Revit API to create their own customtools.ByusingtheRevit API, they are able to enhance Revit's power to improve workflows and create better building designsfaster.ThisarticlewillintroducereaderstotheRevitAPI andpresentsomeofthewaysthat developersanddabblersalikecan useittosuperchargeRevit. a � basicdesignautomationandconfiguration � simplefamilycreationandmanagement � automatedexportandprinting Somefunctionsthatstillneedrefiningtoday,butwillnodoubtbe bettersupportedinfuturereleasesinclude: � interactive(pickandplace)applications � larger-scaledesignautomation � batchautomation the revit aPi is still relatively "young," especially compared to autocad... pRoGRAMMinG: vstA veRsus visuAl stuDio Autodesk offers two ways to learn how to program with Revit. Developers can choose between different programming environments: Microsoft Visual Studio orMicrosoftVisualStudioToolsforApplications(VSTA). A WoRk in pRoGRess The Revit API is still relatively "young," especially compared to AutoCAD with its more than 25-year history of APIs and customizations. Autodesk officially introduced the Revit API in Revit 8, just over four years ago. Since then, it has steadily expandedandimproved.Whiletherearestillsignificantlimitations,theAPIhasnowreachedapointwhereitisquiteusefulfor solvingawidevarietyofproblems.Thekeyistounderstandthe strengthsandweaknessesoftheAPIandwhetheritpresentsa goodfitforyourparticularneed. SomefunctionswhichareagoodfitfortheAPItodayinclude: � dataextractionandimport � geometryextraction � propertymanipulation � buildinganalysis For people already familiar with programmingAutoCAD,theVisualStudio approachissimilartoprogrammingAutoCAD.NETorObjectARX, in which commands are built separately, compiled, and thentestedinsidetheCADsystem. ProgrammingusingVSTAisconceptuallysimilartoVisualBasicforApplications(VBA),wheredevelopersworkinsideofthe CADsystemandbuildprojectstoembedintoaRevitdocument ortokeepinaseparateprojectfile. The good news is that the debate about whether touseVSTA orVisualStudioisrarelyaboutthe"power"ofaparticularapproach,whichwasoftenthecasewhenworkingwithAutoCAD. WeighingthebenefitsofVSTAorVisualStudioismoredependentonthespecificprojectobjectives--specifically,deployment issuesandwhowillbedoingthedevelopment.Bothusethesame languages (Visual Basic.NET or C#) and the API is almost Figure 1: Manage Ribbon Tab - Macros Panel - VSTA Tools (Macro Manager & Macro Security) www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 feature focus Revit Cross-Discipline Figure 2: The Add-Ins Ribbon identical.However,VisualStudiohasapproximatelytenpercent morecapabilitiesinRevitthanVSTA. Intermsofcost,VSTAisfreeandincludedintheRevitinstallin Revit2010products).Thefree"Express"versionofVisualStudiohasenoughcapability�withafewlimitations.Progressively morepowerfulversionscomewithhigherpricetags.Thebiggest benefitofVisualStudioisthatitiseasiertodevelopapplications withsecuresourcecode.InVSTA,thesourcecodetendstobe visibletoanyoneinterested.Therearealsodifferentapproaches todeploymentofapplications in theVSTAversus VisualStudio approaches. For the serious developer, Visual Studio also providesaccesstoanext-generationuserinterface,databaseintegration,andothertools. UsingVSTA,all"macros"areaccessibleonthe"Manage"ribbon under"MacroManager".UsingVisualStudio,thedeveloperdefines "Commands" which are available on the "Add-Ins" ribbon under "External Commands." Visual Studio also allows programmerstodefine"Applications"torunwhenRevitstartsup, aswellastofurtherenhancetheuserinterface,includingmaking simpleRibbonBarPanels.WhileVSTAisagoodwayto"dipa toe"intotheRevitAPI,themoreseriousprogrammerwillwant touseVisualStudio.(SeeFigures1and2) lookinG At visuAl BAsiC CoDe The sample source code below (Figure 3) shows an example of whatprogrammingwiththeRevitAPIislike,includingscanning theRevitprojectforcertainelements(rooms),theninteracting withtherooms.Inthiscase,itshowshowtoreadinformation, such as the perimeter, or write information, such as the Room FloorFinish.(SeeFigure2) ConFiGuRinG Revit FoR ADD-ins Do-it-yourself programmers who create Add-Ins that perform a useful function can modify the REVIT.INI file to tell Revit wheretolookforthenewAdd-In.AnexampleisAvatech'sDoor MarkUpdateadd-in,whichautomatesdoormarkupdateswhen changesinevitablyoccur. ToaddasimplecommandtoRevit,userscanaddorupdatethe [ExternalCommands]sectionoftheirINIfile(Figure3). Figure 3: Programming with Revit API Using Visual Basic spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com feature focus Revit Cross-Discipline onboththeAUGIandAutodesksitesspecificallytargetingRevit developmenttopics. Figure 4: Updating the External Command Section of Revit's INI File The"ECCount"setting(Figure4)describeshowmanyExternal CommandsareintheINIfile.Thenprogrammersneedtodefinethefollowingfourlines(Figure5)foreachcommand(where <num>indicatesthenumberofeachcommand): External Applications are similar to External Commands, but insteadofencapsulatinganewRevitcommand(whichrunson adocument),theExternalApplicationworkswiththeRevitapplication in general. It can be used for mundane purposes like Figure 5: Explaining each line of information that you need to add. matt mason blog spot settingupacustomizeduserinterface(withcustomcommands, menus, and toolbars)--or for more interesting purposes like keepingtrackofdifferenteventswithinRevit. ConfiguringRevittoworkwithExternalApplicationsissimilar toExternalCommands,butinadifferentsectionwithintheRevit.INIfile. EACount,asseeninFigure6,referstothenumberofExternal Applicationsandeachapplication musthaveaClassNameand anAssemblyPath. TheRevitAPIhasnowreachedastageofmaturitywhereitcan significantlyimprovehowfirmsleverageRevit.AsBuildingInformationModelingcontinuestoenterthemainstream,theearly adoptersoftheRevitAPIwillhaveevengreateradvantagesover theircompetitors.ForthosewhohavepreviouslyperformedcustomizationsinAutoCAD,perhapsnowisthetimetolookatthe RevitAPI. Matt Mason and his software team at Avatech Solutions engineer new applications that improve the bottom line by automating and streamlining processes for manufacturing, architecture, engineering, and facilities management organizations. Matt has a long history orchestrating systems integration and software development in computer-aided design for manufacturing. He speaks about software development at Autodesk events across the country, and blogs at http://cadappdev.blogspot.com WhAt's neW in the Revit 2010 Api: GeoMetRy (Part of the What's New in the Revit 2010 API series) TheGeometryareaoftheRevitAPIhasafewinterestingand helpfulenhancementsinthe2010version. Probablythemostobviousoftheenhancementsweremadeto supportRevit'snewconceptualmassingcapabilities. HERMITESPLINE WhiletherewaspreviouslyaHermiteFaceclasstorepresent thesurface�wenowhaveaHermiteSplineelementforthe splinesthatcanbecreated(whichwillprobablyresultinmany moreHermiteFacesaswell�sinceitonlytakesonebuttonto gofromsplinetoface). Figure 6: Configuring Revit to Work with External Applications The Revit Software Development Kit (SDK) download, availablefreefromAutodesk,containsatoolcalledthe"RevitAdd-in Manager"thatautomatestheprocessofloadingAdd-Instothe Revit.INI file. Commercial developers create install programs that modify the Revit.INI file automatically, so this process is notusuallynecessaryforcommercialsoftware.Finally,moreadvancedfirmsmaykeepacentralizedcopyoftheREVIT.INIfile thatisdeployedtoeachmachineinanautomatedfashion. leARninG the Api AnyonecandownloadthefreeRevitSDKfrom(http://usa.autodesk.com/adsk/servlet/index?siteID=123112&id=2484975) The SDK provides good documentation, beginning with the "Help"file.Italsoincludesa"GettingStartedGuide,"aswellas amorein-depth"DeveloperGuide."Autodeskhasalsoposteda videotrainingclassontheSDKpagetitled"DevTV:IntroductiontoRevitProgramming."Finally,therearediscussionboards www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge The HermiteSpline exposes its control points and tangent vectors(nicetouch).WARNING:Forthoseofyouwhohave been using Tessellation � like we have on our Earth Connector application � be prepared for an explosion of points asRevitUsersstartusingsplines.The5-pointsplineshown abovetessellatedinto287points...(Iprobablyhavetostart investingsomementalenergyina"reduce"function�because that'sprettyheavy!). POINT AsIjokedaboutinoneofthepreviousposts�Autodeskhasfinally brokendownandaddedthePointconcepttoRevit(yes,yes�theXYZ classwastherebefore�butPointsarenowfirstclassgeometricobjects). View full article online at: http://cadappdev.blogspot.com spring_2009 feature focus by: Cyril Verley Revit Cross-Discipline A trainer's perspective: key requirements for a successful biM implementation ovingtoBIMisa"businessdecision".It's less about a simple "CAD upgrade" and moreaboutadeliberatebusinessdecision madebyownerswhoknowthatBIMwillimpact theirfirmatalllevels.Oncetheownershavemade thisdecision,thefirstaspectofthisventureisfor theownerstosupporttheirstaff. The key group of individuals needing the most support during this transition is the project managers. They are the ones who areresponsibleforprojectdeadlines.Theyneedtobetoldbythe ownersofthecompanythatBIMisthestrategicfutureoftheir firmandthattheownerswillsupporttheirneedsinordertoget the job done. It is fair to say that architectural firms who have madeasuccessfultransitiontoBIMhavedonesowithaggressive supportfromthefirm'sownersandexecutivestaff.Saidanother way,otherfirmsstumblewithimplementingBIMbecausetheir Project Managers lack the support from the owners and their projectsinevitablyreturnto2DCAD. The move to BIM is a gradual change. One should avoid an overnight,office-wideshifttoBIM.Instead,thechangeisdone projectbyproject.Asnewprojectsentertheoffice,BIMteams areappliedtothoseprojects.AsforexistingCADprojectsthat arepast30%DD,itisrecommendedtheyremainin2DCAD. Itisessentialtohandpicktherightprojectmanagerandteam membersforthefirm'sfirstBIMproject.Lookforpeoplewhoare "open-minded"andflexiblewhenitcomestotheirworkmethods withCAD.BIMdemandsgreatpatiencefroma"new"userand the PM must understand that his or her team will go through variouslevelsoffrustrationduringtheir"first"BIMproject.One should also be looking for team members who are enthusiastic andenjoysharingtheirknowledgewithothers.Oncethefirstset ofnewusershasgonethroughtheirfirstBIMproject,theycanbe plantedintofutureprojectteams.Onemustbeawarethatoncea firstteamgetsthroughthepainfullearningcurve(andyes,itwill be"painful"attimes)duringtheirfirstBIMproject,theybecome ahugeassetandsupporttofutureteamsnewtoBIM. One other key aspect of a proper BIM implementation is the translation of your existing office CAD standards into BIM. Projectmanagerscanbequitepassionateaboutthegraphicqualityoftheirprojects.IfthePMmakesaprintofaplan,section andelevationviewoftheir"new"BIMprojectanddiscoversthat the lineweights, dimension tick marks and text heights don't matchtheirexistingofficegraphicstandardsperfectly,heorshe M couldpotentiallyclosetheBIMprojectthatdayandreturnto2D CAD.OnecanexpectanexperiencedBIMusertotakeabouta weektotranslateexisting2DCADbasestandardssuchastitle blocks,lineweights,dimension/textstylesandcustomdoorand finish schedules. Once the BIM standards are set, the training ofthestaffshouldbegin.Ifthetrainingisdonefirst,yourfirst BIMprojectwillnothavetheproperofficeBIMstandardgraphic settings. RequiReMents FoR pRopeRly tRAininG youR oFFiCe stAFF in BiM WhenmovingtoBIM,itisnotsimplyanannualsoftwareupgradethattheCADuserscanteachthemselves.BuildingaBIM modelrequiresthere-educationofstaffonhowaprojectisdesignedanddocumented.Iftheusersarenotproperlytrainedand useBIMlike2DCAD,theirchancesoffailurearequitehigh.If thefirm'smovetoBIMistobesuccessful,trainingisrequired.If trainingforthestaffisnotplanned,makingthechangetoBIMis notrecommended. Oneshouldalsoconsiderdifferenttypesoftrainingforvarious staff within an office. The most important group that requires training first is the firm owners and senior staff. This is best providedthroughahalf-daypresentationthatexplainsanddemonstrateswhyBIMisanessentialbusinessdecisionfortheirfirm. Itisimportantthatthisgroupunderstandsalltheramifications ofthischangeanditsimpactonalllevelsoftheirbusiness. The next group of users that requires training is that of the projectmanagerswhodonotuseCADday-to-day.Asingleday hands-onclassshouldbeenoughtimetoteachthesePMshowto maneuverthroughtheBIMmodel,findviews,addanote,check adimension,viewasheetandmakeaplot.It'scriticalthisgroup understandsandcancontributetotheorganizationoftheirprojectwiththeirteam.Iftheyarenotincluded,theymightbecome alienatedfromtheBIMprocess.Thiscanhavenegativeimplicationsontheprojectandresultinnegativityforfirmwidesuccess oftheimplementation.ProjectMangersneedthiskindofinclusionintheprocess. Thefinalgrouptobetrainedistheproductionusers.Theirhandsonclassisthemostintensiveandwilltakethelongest.Thisclass should be for "production users" who will be using BIM dayto-day.Theidealattendeeforthisclassisaprojectmanageror projectarchitectwhousesCADdaily.Thesearetheperfectusers given their knowledge and past architectural experience. They spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 7 feature focus Revit Cross-Discipline willbetheonestomentortherestoftheproduction(junior)staff. Expectthistypeofclasstobesplitintotwo,one-weeksessions. � Sincetheusersareactually"working"ontheirofficeproject duringclasstime,thefirmcanexpectthat40to50%ofclass timebecomes"billabletime"totheproject. tRAininG BiM With "tRAin the pRojeCt"� In our industry, there are many companies that provide BIM training (for production users) with a three-day class using a "generic"buildingtypethathaslittleornoconnectionwiththe typesofprojectsdesignedinanactualoffice.Thistraininghas seensomesuccessbutitisnotthemosteffectivetypeoftraining. Instead, the "ideal" training experience for production users is atrainingprocesspioneeredbyCDVSystemscalled"Trainthe Project"�whichmeanstotrainononeortwooftheclient'sown "live"officeprojectsusingtheclient'sowncomputerswithinthe client'sofficeenvironment.ThistypeoftraininghasbeensuccessfullyusedatfirmssuchasHOK,SOM,AECOMandNBBJ.Itis anintenselyfocusedlearningexperiencefortheproductionstaff, teachingexactlywhattheyneedtoknowtobuildtheirliveoffice projects using BIM. If the questions of the users attending the trainingpertaintobuildingacurtainwallorcustomstairthey designedwithintheirownproject,theirclasstimewillbemore focusedandmoreproductive. LearningBIMisaverylargeundertaking.Thequantityofwhat needstobelearnedistheequivalentoflearningAutoCADand ArchitecturalDesktopsimultaneously.Thebestoddsofsuccess come from dividing the "Train the Project" training into two parts.Theusersspendtheirfirsttrainingsessiongoingthrough allthecommandstobuildallthemajorcategoriesoftheirproject (i.e.usingwalls,doors,windows,floors,roofs,noting,dimensioning, sheet setup, printing, etc). Once that first training session is completed, the users continue working on their project for a periodofaboutseventotenweeks.Duringtheseventotenweek period,aspertheinstructionsfromtheirBIMtrainer,eachuser will keep a log of questions regarding the construction of their newBIMproject.Whenthesecondsessionof"TraintheProject" training occurs, each user will present, during class time, a list ofBIMquestionsspecificallyrelatedtotheirproject.Oncethose questionsareanswered,theclasscontinueswithmoreadvanced BIMfeatureswhichdrilldeeperintotheprogramandwhichare alwaysrelatedtotheirproject-specificissues. Therearebonusesthatcomewith"TraintheProject": � TheproductionusersarelearningBIM. � These same users are learning BIM by building their own "live"officeprojects. � With the guidance of the trainer, the users are also learninghowtobuildandorganizetheirliveofficeprojectfrom scratch. � By the timethe first week long session of training is done, whattheyhavebuiltduringclasstimebecomestheiroffice projectgoingforward. � If the BIM office standards were done properly, the users wouldalsobelearninghowtousetheirnewofficestandards duringclasstimeANDfortheirfirstproject. When shoulD "tRAin the pRojeCt" oCCuR? Forfirmsinterestedintheideaof"TraintheProject",itisrecommendednottotrainonaprojectthatisinschematicdesign.It's difficultenoughtolearnanewBIMsoftwareprogramwhileat the same time keeping up with ongoing project deadlines. It is asking too much of any user to have them learn BIM, keep up with project deadlines and use BIM as an "SD design tool" on theirfirstBIMproject.Twooutofthreeisokay,butifusersare toldtheyneedtodoallthree,thereisthehighprobabilitythat theirfirstBIMprojectwillfailandreturnto2DCAD. Instead,thistypeoftrainingshouldbescheduledwhentheoffice projecthasbeenbroughttothestartofdesigndevelopmentlevel usingexisting2DCAD.IftheprojectisataDDlevel,themajor design decisions have already been made, allowing the users to focus on specific modeling issues during the class. In the class, theDDsetofCADfilesareimportedintotheplanviewofthe BIMmodeland"traced"bytheusers.Theusersthencontinue buildingtheirprojectmodelwhilelearningBIM. UsingBIMasaSDtoolispossiblebutnotforauser'sfirstproject.OncetheusershavegonethroughacompletedBIMproject inDDandCDs,theyknowhowtomaneuverthroughtheentire BIMprogram.TheirnextBIMprojectcanthenstartatanearlier phaselikeschematicdesign. WhAt hAppens AFteR the FiRst Week oF tRAininG? Toreiterate,implementingBIMrequireschangesatalllevelsof an organization. Once the first week of training is completed, therearesomekeyprotocolsthatmustbeputinplaceifBIMis toflourishwithintheoffice.First,theprojectuserswhohavebeen trainedMUSTremainontheprojectusingBIM.Theyarenew toBIMandinordertotakefulladvantageofthetraining,they needtoremainworkingontheirprojectforatleastseventoten weeks. Once they have gone through this initial learning curve andhavecreatedtheirlistofadvancedBIMquestions,theyare thenreadyfortheadvancedtrainingclass.If,however,theyare pulledfromtheirBIMprojecttooearlyandputontoanon-BIM, 2DCADproject,theywilllosetheirBIMtrainingwithinseven totendaysandwillberequiredtorepeatthefirstBIMtraining. AnotherkeyaspectofasuccessfulBIMtrainingexperienceisto place the desks of allthe team members close together. Unlike 2DCAD,BIMprojectsdemandmorecommunicationbetween theteammembers.Iftheteamisspreadthroughouttheoffice, communication becomes more difficult among team members and will negatively impact on the quality and quantity of their BIMwork.ItisalsorecommendedtoseatnewBIMusersnextto experiencedusers.Tobeanexperienceduser,onefirstneedsto crossthelearningcurveonatightrope.Ifthereissomeoneclose bytoofferslight"nudges"ofhelp,theywillmakethattrekmore quicklyandlesspainfully. spring_2009 8 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge feature focus Revit Cross-Discipline AllusersnewtoBIMwillexperiencevariouslevelsoffrustration: itisunavoidable.Thecauseisaformof"2DCADBrainwashing". AllusersnewtoBIMneedtimetobreakthemselvesfromtheir past2DCADhabits.Infact,oneshouldnotbesurprisedtohear commentsfromgreenBIMuserssuchas:"Icandrawthisfaster using2DAutoCAD".Don'tworry.Ifyoutellthemtopersevere andyougivethemtheopportunitytogetthroughthisverysteep learningcurve,theywillgetthroughitandbecomebelieversof BIM. Again, be sure to seat your team properly to reduce the frustrationtheywillexperience. monthstoayearormorewhilepreparingtheirstaffbeforeannouncingtheiruseofBIM.Thisisanimportantpointtowait untilyourofficeisfullyentrenchedinBIMbeforemakingany formalannouncement. BIM'sultimateimpactwithinanAECfirmisthecalltobring the three major parties of a project more closely together: the Owner,theArchitectandtheBuilder.BIM'seffecttoathreeway contract,knownas"IntegratedProjectDelivery"isthepinnacle ofcontractualcollaboration.RecognizingIPD'smomentum,the AECindustryisprovidingnewcontractualdocumentationsuch astheAIAdocument:C195SinglePurposeEntityAgreement for IPD or the Consensus Doc 301 for IPD. These contracts considertheimplicationsofallowingtheowner,thecontractor andthearchitectopenaccesstotheBIMproject.Thisaccessibilityhopestokeepprojectsontime,onbudgetandwithreduced constructionerrors.However,onemustalsoconsidertheliabilityofaBIMaswellasthepotentialexposurenotonlyofallthe datainthemodelbutalsoofalltheinherentBIMstandardsof thefirm,initselfrepresentingasubstantialinvestment.Moving toBIMisasoberingendeavor;onewhichinvolvessupportfrom theowners,Executivestaffandawellthoughtoutplanofaction. The benefits of BIM far outweigh the challenges and bring the patientuserclosertotherealbuilding,allowingamorecomplete viewofthemodel.ThereisnodoubtBIMisheretostayandwill continuetoimpactthebusinessofdesignandconstructionfor yearstocome. EditorsNote:Thisarticlewaswrittenandintendedasacompaniontoanotherarticlewrittenandpublishedelsewhereearlierthis year.Initsoriginalcontextthisarticlewastitled"TheBusiness ofBIM-Part2".Unfortunatelyweareunabletoincludethefirst part"TheBusinessofBIM-Part1".Ifyouareinterestedinreadingthiscompanionarticleyoucanfindithere: h t t p : // w w w . c d v s y s t e m s . c o m / c o n t e n t / i n d e x . php?option=com_content&view=article&id=111:the-businessof-bim-part-1&catid=17:press-releases&Itemid=30 *"Train the Project "training was inspired by a comment made by a client of CDV Systems nearly five years ago. During a BIM class, this client commented that his concern was not the cost of the training, but rather the loss of $65,000 per week of "non billable hours" as a result of BIM training on a "generic model". Within a week of that conversation, CDV Systems developed its unique approach to BIM training. BiM's RetuRn on investMent Again,theBIMlearningcurveissteep.ThereshouldbenoexpectedROIfromauser'sfirstproject.Infact,theprojectmight break even or require additional time to complete. However, onceauserhasgonethroughaDDandCDprojectexperience, thestartoftheirnextBIMprojectwillbethestartofROI.So, dependingonthesizeofyourprojects,itcouldbefivetoseven monthsbeforeaROIisseen. But keep in mind: if your first BIM project is well built, you should see a savings during the construction administration phaseofthatproject.Again,iftheessenceofBIMis"acoordinateddocumentset",thenCAshouldbeapleasantsurprisewith fewchangeorders. Movingforward,oncetheteammembershavebeengiventheopportunitytoexperienceBIMonatleastonecompletedproject,a dramaticsavingoftimewillberealized.TheBIMprojectteams willnotrequireasmanypeople,theywillproducemodelsmore quicklyandtheywillbeabletocreate3Dvisualsatafractionof thecostofsendingitoutofhouse.Andagain,therewillbethe addedbonusofasmoothCAphase. One more recommendation for offices ramping up with BIM: Most BIM products have all kinds of "nifty" features such as rendering,animation,photorealisticimaging,marketinggraphics, etc.WhiletheteamnewtoBIMmightstartoffattemptingtofocus ontheseadvancedfeatures,theymustbetoldtheirprimaryfocus fortheirfirstBIMprojectisa"coordinateddocumentset",nothing more.Timeandagainprojectteamsspendpreciousbillableproject timeon3Dgraphicsandlosesightoftheirprimaryfocus. GoinG FoRWARD With BiM One final thought: For years we have been numbed by all the promiseswehaveheardconcerningwhat2DCADwillfix.BIM isnowhereanditcouldnotbemoreexciting.Duringthetime yourofficeisbringingBIMonline,itisrecommendedtorequest yourbusinesspartner,yourprojectmanagersandyourproduction staff to avoid sharing any details about the use of BIM at yourofficetofolksoutsideyouroffice. That'sright.Youshouldnottellyourcolleagues,yourcompetitorsandespeciallyyourclientorcontractoraboutthedetailsof yourBIMusage.Timeandagainaprojectmanagerproclaimsto hisorherclientthevirtuesofBIMandwhentheclientdemands resultsaweeklater,theproductionusersareunabletoperform because they are still green to BIM. Many firms have waited spring_2009 Cyril Verley, founder of CDV Systems has been practicing architecture for 23 years, registered for 18, an AEC consultant for the past 15 years with the last 7 years focused on Revit services (14 months prior to Autodesk's purchase of Revit). He can be reached at email@example.com. CDV Systems, Inc. (www.cdvsystems.com), founded in 1993, is a privately owned consultancy offering a full range of on- and off-site Autodesk Revit Architecture, Structure, MEP and CodeBook services for all user levels for clients worldwide. For more information, please contact us at http://www.cdvsystems.com/content/index.php?option=com_contac t&view=contact&catid=11&id=1 www.AUGIaecedge.com feature focus Revit Cross-Discipline by: David Thirlwell A General Contractor's venture into BiM and vDC recent phone conversation with our local softwareresellerstarted:"Pleasehelp!I've beensellingalotofRevitandNavisworks licenses to local Contractors because they love whatBIMcando.AndI'mholdingalotofclasses andmostofthestudentsarepickingupthesoftware well." And he continued, "But, I keep getting calls a few weeksfollowingthetrainingasking,`Nowwhat?Nowthatmy teamknowshowtousethesoftware,howdowedoBIM?'How's anyoneelsedoingBIM?...andIdon'tknowwhattotellthem!" Coincidently,IwascontactedbySteve StaffordwithAUGIthenextdayto writeanarticleabouthowBIMis being utilized by General Contractorsanditsbenefits. a MotivAtion FoR ADoptinG BiM My Employer, Current Builders looked to BIM technology in order to save money and pursue a fundamentally improved method of delivering all of ourprojectson-time,atorunderbudget.Asaresult,wehave been successfully preventing significant coordination errors of all kinds on a full range of projects. Resources such as the AGC's Contractor's Guide to Building Information Modeling andnumerousConstructionUsersRoundtable(CURT)whitepapershavegivenCurrentBuilders'leadershipanavenuetoward changingthewayweplanandperformasacompany.Thesepapers emphasize that although Building Information Modeling is technical and quite expensive, mastering the technologycan andhashadindustry-alteringeffects.Further,applyingBIMeffectivelyofferspredictable,consistentandreliablewaystoplan and prevent many problems with the entire building process including the building lifecycle. The benefits reach all corners oftheAECindustry,muchlikethesamefundamentaltechnologyandprocesseshavedoneandcontinuetodoforEngineering andManufacturingindustries.Theincreasingcomplexityofthe buildinglifecycleprocesses,legalrequirements,anddocumentation shouldresolvetheentireAECindustrytoreducedelays,rework, legaldisputesandmiscommunication.BIMpresentsuswith thecapacitytoaccomplishthesereformations. DeFininG BiM AnD vDC There are seemingly endless variations of the compositionanddefinitionof`BIM' and if there is a consensus onthefundamentalmeaningthenIcertainlymissed thememo.Muchtothe chagrin of those who advocate an all-encompassing de f i n it ion of BIM, we've opted to limit the acronym to regard the fundamental t e c h n o l o g i e s centered on relationalbuildingdata. At Current Builders and 30 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 feature focus Revit Cross-Discipline other industry organizations, it is becoming established that Building Information Modeling (BIM) refers to a set of tools (i.e. the technology, toolset, or `means') and Virtual Design and Construction (VDC) encompasses the processes, goals and concepts (i.e. `methods') of applying BIM as well as other technologies.VDCinvolvesthe communication and collaborationbetweenprojectparticipants usingtoolsetsasdiverseasBIM and product lifecycle management (PLM) systems as well as estimating and scheduling systems. model.Regardlessofthenumberofteammembersexchanging nativeBIMmodels,awell-managedVDCenvironmentshould be able to leverage relevant information into BIM. The team shouldalsobeabletoextractcoordinateddataoutofBIMand intothefieldviadataanddrawings. At Current Builders we have been mostly limited to lonely BIM due in large part to the availability of BIM collaborators on previous projects. Yet, we have had the luxury of developing an effective and unrestrictive implementation plan aswellasaverypracticalsetof deliverablesalongtheway.This VDCenvironmentallowsusto focus on our greatest immediate cost-saving potential: the prevention of design and constructability issues. As most of us know, errors and omissions acrossallplanningprocessesare often discovered just before or atanytimeafterworkhasbeen performed: resulting in delays accompaniedbyreworkand/orredesign.Thedelays,therework, and the redesign often have unintended consequences which propagateadditionalissuesthroughlaterstagesofconstruction. I have observed that Contractors and leaders in related fields are less interested in the technical`means'ofBIM,than in the processes and `methods' of VDC. Therefore, Contractors are trying to get a grasp of what BIM means in the greater paradigm of VDC and of any changes to traditional project relationships, such as Integrated Project Delivery (IPD),thatmaybeacceleratedasaresult.WhileafloodofarticlesaboutBIM focus onwhat can be doneusing BIM, most donotevenhintathowtoachieveastrategyforapplyingthese capabilities.Thislackofstrategiccommunicationisparticularly trueinregardtoconstruction-relatedapplications.Furthermore, thereareveryfewsourcesthatdescribewhatVDCproduction mightcompriseforaContractor. ...applying biM effectively offers predictable, consistent and reliable ways to plan and prevent many problems with the entire building process including the building lifecycle... iMpleMentinG vDC ForCurrentBuilders,VDCisstilllargelybeingintegratedinhouse in the absence of BIM collaboration with other project teammembers.JohnTocci,Sr.oftheAGC'sBIMForumhas coined the term "lonely BIM" to refer to this typical, earlyadoption arrangement. This is not to say that we have or are going-it-alone,butthatcollaborationwiththeowner,designers, andsubcontractorsisperformedthroughlivemeetingsand/ora semi-manualexchangeofdataasopposedtoanativeBIMcollaborative environment or "social BIM." The major distinction isthatunderlonelyBIM,thereisagreaterrelianceonthecompetenceoffewerindividualstoconstructthediscipline-specific BIMmodels:oftenfromexistingconstructiondocumentation. VDCinthelonelyBIMscenariothusreliesonasingleorfew project team members for the authoring of a combination of BIMs representing each critical discipline to accurately represent the contract documents. However, a well-managed VDC environmentrequiresthatallnecessaryprojectteammembers areabletostudyandprovideinputtotheBIMdevelopment.In the Current Builders VDC environment this is accomplished vialivemeetingsonlineorofflineaswellasthroughthereview andmarkupofthinBIMmodelssuchasaDWForNavisworks vDC in DesiGn-BiD-BuilD pRojeCt DeliveRy Thisdeliverymethodinherentlycreatesanextremeenvironment forBIMandVDCandwillcontinuetodosountilallpartiesare BIM-enabledandinteroperabilityisnolongeramajorconcern. Don'texpectthistobethecasesoon.Todate,CurrentBuilders hasnotyetreceivedaBIMfromanoutsidepartyforprojectuse. Thissimplifiesourinteroperabilityconcernssinceweareableto defineallaspectsoftheBIMtomatchourparticularneeds,but alsoinvolvesasignificantupfrontexpensefor2Dconversion(i.e. interpreting the Construction Documents into BIM) thereby limitingBIMalmostentirelytoapost-bidstart. The resulting fast-track nature of this VDC scenario places Current Builders' foremost concern with a fully-coordinated project.Theproductofthiscoordinationeffortisafieldpackagethatprovidesbothtask-orienteddrawingstofieldlaborand comprehensive visualization and planning material to project management at all levels. As this VDC package continues to develop from project to project, the management teams will increasingly leverage BIM and related systems and collaborate with other project participants to troubleshoot, update, manageandanalyzetheproject.Thiscollaborativeeffortincludesall projectpartieswithparticularemphasisonthedesignteamand ownerearly-onandthenwithtradesubcontractorsthroughout buildingsystemscoordination. spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 31 feature focus Revit Cross-Discipline Results FRoM An on-GoinG vDC pRojeCt Current Builders has developed a preliminary analysis of our largest and most complete VDC project to help measure the effectthatthetechnologyandprocesseshavehadonhistorical costs.WhiletheVDCprocesshadnotyetincorporatedmany oftheefficienciesincludinganalysisimprovementstoclashdetectionandfielddeliverables,theresultshavebeenimpressive. Forthesepreliminarymetrics,weusedthetotalnumberofRFIs asopposedtochangeorders,astheyrepresentamoreaccurate relationshiptototalcostover-runs.Usingfourverysimilarand recent (non-VDC) projects as a benchmark set, we have comparedslightlyprojectedfigurestothein-progressVDCproject (now justweeks fromcompletion of the two-year project). We wereabletocutthenumberofactualRFIstolessthanhalfof thebenchmarkaverage.Additionally,manyofthemostsignificantissueswereidentifiedandresolvedpriortoanyfieldwork beingcarried-out.Asaresult,theadministrative,per-RFIcost wascutto1/5thofthebenchmarkaverage.Alargefactorinthis improvedperformancehasbeenthecomprehensiveandunambiguous methods of RFI issue discovery and communication withtheaidofBIMtechnology. The results of these improved numbers are dramatically expressed in the total additional project costs. Total additional projectcostsincludetotalcostover-runs+BIM/VDCcosts. Total cost over-runs were calculated using: actual + projected RFIs&ChangeOrdersaswellasestimateddelaycostsforthe Owner,Contractor,andArchitect.BIM/VDCcostsarebased upon the costs of 2D conversion (i.e. BIM creation) as well as administrative and capital overhead (including all VDC). Using this formula, the over-runs were reduced to approximately 1/15th of the total additional project cost benchmark average (i.e.RFIadministration+ChangeOrders/2+alldelaycosts). For full disclosure, the average of total Change Orders on the fourbenchmarkprojectswascutinhalftoprovidearudimentary,conservativemethodofdepictingChangeOrdersdirectly related to coordination issues: using company experience and a rough survey of project data. Finally, with the extraordinary efforts of the project management team as well as an effective VDCprogramtheprojectwillcompletemonthsaheadofschedulewhereaseachofthebenchmarkprojectsweredelayedmany monthsbeyondtheprescribedcompletiondate. Althoughtheresultingsavingsintime,directandindirectcosts arespecifictotheissuesthataroseonthisoneparticularjob,we haveseenproportionatelysimilarresultsonanumberofother projects. With such impressive results, BIM and VDC have beenmandatedforeveryCurrentBuildersprojectinthefuture. ducedesignsusingBIM.Thus,wearebeginningtoincorporate awiderrangeofBIMcapabilitiestoprovideamorecomprehensivesetofprojectplanningandmonitoringinformation.Weare seeking to expand our VDC environment to incorporate 4D simulationand5Destimatingdataandexpandingourcapacity toworkwithBIMfromothersoftwareplatforms.Atthesame time,wearefocusingagreatereffortonsecuringdesign-build andevenintegratedprojectdelivery(IPD)contractsinorder toleverageBIMandVDCmorecomprehensivelyintheplanningprocess. suGGestions FoR ADoptinG BiM AnD vDC AsstatedinthenowagedAGC'sContractor'sGuidetoBuilding InformationModeling,implementationofBIMrequiresunwaveringandcomprehensivesupportfromtheverytopofacompany aswellasapersistentanddedicatedchampiontointerjectthese newtoolsandstrategies.Thispersonmay,ormaynothaveCAD experience, but he or she should be well aware of the distinctionbetweentheresponsibilitiesandliabilitiesofprofessionals andthemeansandmethodsofthecontractor.Inmycase,Iwas hiredbyCurrentBuildersbecauseofmycross-disciplineexperienceinordertoaddressBuildingInformationModelingand VirtualDesign&Construction.IwaschosentoresearchBIM, itsimplementationandmanagemodelproductionaswellasfield application.Icouldnotdothissuccessfullywithoutthefullsupportfromthehighestlevelsofthecompany. ABout CuRRent BuilDeRs Current Builders has delivered quality construction projects throughoutFloridaformorethan30yearsandisnowperforming work throughout the Southeast United States. We offer a full range of construction management and project managementserviceswithinmanystandarddeliverysystemsincluding design-build, design-bid-build, and construction managementat-risk.CurrentBuildersalsoself-performsconcretestructures includingtunnelform,tilt-wall,andGarageBeamsystems.The Current Builders team has built hundreds of successful commercial,industrial,multi-family,assistedlivingandgovernment developmentprojectsthroughoutFlorida. David Thirlwell is the BIM / VDC Manager for Current Builders at the corporate headquarters in Pompano Beach, FL. David earned both a Bachelors degree of Design in Architecture in 2001 and a Masters degree of Building Construction in 2007 at the University of Florida. He has approximately eight years of total work experience amongst architectural, specialty engineering, and construction fields. He draws upon more than fifteen years of computer hardware and software knowledge. This experience includes numerous feature-based, parametric modeling systems. David was hired by Current Builders in May of 2007 and was tasked shortly thereafter with an executive mandate to explore and champion the adoption of BIM and to guide its integration into our company operations and culture. WheRe ARe We GoinG FRoM heRe? CurrentBuildersiscontinuouslypursuingadvancementinBIM andVDCcapabilities.Whilethegreatesteffortoneveryproject is likely to center on clash detection and the resolution of problemsinprojectdocumentation,weexpectthattheseverity of these issues will decline as more disciplines adopt and pro- 3 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 by: Anthony Hauck autodesk insiders Revit: An Autodesk Design/Build project spring_2009 ello,mynameisAnthonyHauck.Before becoming Autodesk's Revit Platform ProductManager,Ispenttenyearsasan architect,cadconsultantandprojectmanagerfor various design and construction firms, followed by more than a decade in the IT department of alargeArchitectureandEngineeringfirm.Movingfromaprofessionaldesignfirmtoasoftwarecompanyseemedlikeamajor culturalchangeatfirst,whatwithlearninganeworganization, new profession, and new industry, but as the shock subsided, I cametorealizethatI'dreturnedtomyroots.Creatingsoftware isn'tlikemanufacturingwidgetsasmuchasitrecallsdesigning andconstructingabuilding. H pRoGRAMMinG Monthsandsometimesyearsbeforeadeveloperdefineshisfirst new variable on a project, Revit product managers are gathering requirements from a wide range of constituencies. Just as an architect sits down with a client to understand the needs a newbuildingmustsatisfy,productmanagersarecombingmany sources to understand Revit user needs. Customers meetings, briefings,surveysandfocusgroups,AUGIforumsandwishlists, supportrequests,corporateinitiatives,andAutodeskDeveloper Network feedback all contribute to the product manager's requirementsforthenextrelease. Ifyouhaveanydesignexperiencewithaninstitutionalclientsuch asauniversity,youalreadyunderstandthisprocess;youmeetand conversewithmanyconstituenciesforyourdesign.Eachdepartment,sometimeseachfacultymember,hasspecificrequirements for the new facility. Merely understanding client issues is demanding, but articulating those needs properly is the first step insatisfyingthem.Whenthesameissuesarisefrommanyconstituencies,prioritiesforyournewbuildingoryournewsoftware becomeclearer.Thesoftwareproductmanager'staskthenseems deceptivelysimple.Heorshemustpresentthelistofidentified problemsandrequeststoateamofoverachievingproblemsolvers withonemandate:meetthecustomerneed. www.AUGIaecedge.com 33 autodesk insiders ConCeptuAl DesiGn Theproductmanagernowengagesinaseriesofdiscussionswith product designers, software developers, and quality assurance testers. Seemingly obvious issues can initially appear murky to people who haven't talked to dozens of customers for months. Problem statements are collaboratively adjusted, refined, and clarified, sometimes with help from customers who raised the issues. When everyone on the team understands the problem, theproductmanagercanexpectthemtostudyitforatimeand returnwithanestimatedmagnitudeofthesolution. Ifyouweredesigningabuildingforauniversityclient,you'dbe in that pleasant time of design possibilities when clients think they'llbegettingeverythingtheywant.Unless,ofcourse,they've builtafewbuildingsonthecampusinthepast,inwhichcasethey alreadysuspectyou'llbetellingthemthey'reoverbudget. When it looks as if the product manager has requested more resourcesthantheproductdesign,development,andqualityassurance departments can offer, he or she advocates, negotiates, adjustsscopeandemploysalotofcreativethinking.Sometimes projects are deferred, consolidated, or assigned more modest goals.Sometimesaprojectcanbescheduledovermorethanone release,splittingtheresearchandexecution.Someprojectswill be reallocated to corporate development teams to produce servicesformultipleproducts.Someprojectsaresimplydropped. Giventhistaskinabuildingdesignproject,youmightbecombiningsciencelabsorschedulingthemintoanotherfundingphaseto bringyourprojectbackonbudgetarytrack,orconvincingtheclientthattwowingslookalotbetterthanthreeanyway. Most software product managers are former users of the software,andlikemanyarchitecturalclients,theywanteverything, andtheywantitnow.Buttheyknowthattime,space,physics, availableexpertiseandexpenditureshavetobeconsidered.Prioritiesarereordered,newscopeisdeterminedaswemoveinto thenextphase. DesiGn DevelopMent Nowdesignersearntheirpaychecks.Architectsfindouttheirdecisionshaveunforeseenimplications,andtheymakeadjustments tothebuildingdesign.Theyalsodiscoverunanticipatedbenefits andsynergiesinthedesign,andrealizeopportunitiestheyhadn't predicted.Thebuildingprojectteamresearchesaspectsofthedesignmorethoroughly,questioningexpertsofallkindsandhaving manyproductivehallwayconversations. Thesamecreativeprocessappliestosoftwaredesign.Inahighly collaborative process, product designers will conduct rigorous customerresearchonearlyprototypes,developersconfirmthat the new feature is not destabilizing other parts of the product, andQAisassemblingtestplanstoensurecoverageofallthefeature's interactive permutations. The communication within the teamisconstant.Productmanagersattendmanymeetingswith theteamtodeterminehowalotofsmartandexpensivepeople aregoingtospendthenextseveralmonthsoftheirlives.Timeis irreplaceable,andthere'sneverenoughofit. ConstRuCtion DoCuMents Thousands of decisions make up a project. When designing a building,youselecteverythingdowntothehingesandlocksets, the light bulbs and the signage fonts. The product design and developmentdepartmentsoftheRevitteammakesimilardecisions,downtoindividualmessagesandicons,mappingoutsubtle behaviors,doingtheirbesttodramaticallyimprovetheuserexperience.Aftermuchdiscussionbetweenallthedepartments,the designs are complete, well documented, scheduled, resourced, andreadyforassembly. ConstRuCtion AboutathirdofthewaythroughtheRevitproductcycle,developersbegincodingnewfeatures.Justasgeneralcontractorswill issueRequestsforInformationtoarchitects,developmentleads areaskingproductdesignersandprojectmanagerstoclarifyintentoraskingthem tomakeajudgmentcallwhenalternatives appear.Evenasthenewfeaturesaretakingshape,theRevitteam adjustsasitsunderstandingbecomesmorethorough. Maybe you've been sent into the field for your new university building,becauseanunforeseensiteconditionhasbeenrevealed. The construction crew is staring at you, waiting for a decision. OntheRevitteam,sometimesthesoftwareproductmanageris inthisposition,sometimestheproductdesigner,andsometimes it'stheleadorindividualdeveloper,butsomeonemakesthecall, dealswiththeimplications,andtheworkproceeds. sCheMAtiC DesiGn TheProductDesignteamstudiesthepresenteduserissuesand beginstosketchoutpossiblesolutions,workingtheirwaytoward asolidifieddesign.Featureteamsformaroundprojects.Justasa buildingprojectteamwouldhaveprofessionalsfocusingonthe showcase atrium while other experts think about the best way toorganizethelibrary,softwareexpertsandexperienceddesignersaresettlingonsomelargedecisionsinvariousfeatureprojects that will guide the remainder of the development cycle, and they'reincludingtheproductmanagersinaseriesofdiscussions whichboildowntoasinglequestion:Willthisproposalsatisfy theexpressedneed? Afterafewormanyiterations,theteamandtheproductmanagersaresatisfiedwiththeproposedsolutions,developmenthas agreedthatthevariousapproachesareworkable,andqualityassurancehasanideaofwhatthey'lltest. Inyouruniversityfacilityproject,yourclientshaveacceptedthe renderingsandthebasicorganizationofthebuilding. 3 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge WAlkthRouGh When the project is nearing completion, the clients will start showing up on site more often, examining the realized design. Insoftware,thispracticecorrespondstotheBetatestingperiod when selected customers put the developing product through its paces, discovering issues ranging from performance lags to displayproblemstounexpectedinteractionswithexistingdata, generatinginformationforthenextstage. spring_2009 autodesk insiders punCh list Qualityassurancehasbeenwithusallalong,testing,advising, and communicating some of the most urgent customer needs they'rehearingfromsupport.Developmentmarksfeaturescode complete, and the QA folks start breaking them. Through automatedandmanualtesting,QAaccumulateslistsofproblems they'vediscoveredalongwiththosereportedbycustomertesters, and development fixes them, working in a rapid feedback loop. AnyofthevariousdepartmentsontheRevitteamcanfileaproblemreportforinvestigation,butit'sQAthattakesthelead,like an architect walking through the completed building, noticing missinglockerdoorsanddamagedsinksneedingreplacement.In softwaredevelopment,they'rebugs,andthedeveloperswillspend acoupleofmonthsfixingthem. oCCupAnCy Otherwise known to the Revit team as "shipping the product". Autodeskcustomersletusknowhowperceptiveweare,orhow deficient, and we're listening closely because about six months beforeshippingtheproduct,theproductmanagershadalready startedresearching,thinkingandwritingaboutthenextrelease, andtheywanttomakesurethey'reontherighttrack. MAintenAnCe Every year there's a budget to improve your building, or your software.Youcanrenovate,refinish,constructadditions,ordynamiteobsoletesections,butyou'vegottobecertainthebuilding, orthesoftware,isgoingtostandupwhenyou'redone.Asboth architectandfacilitiesdirector,youadvocatefortheusersofthe facilityandprotecttheintegrityofthebuildingorthesoftware, andensurethattheproductyoucareaboutwillberelevantand usefulforalongtimetocome. ConClusion The process of building a software release is so similar to the architecturaldesignandconstructionprocessthatmyinitialunfamiliaritywiththeindustrygavewaytoaquickerunderstanding thanIhadanticipated.AftermorethantenyearsfocusingonIT supportforarchitectsandengineers,it'sbeenagreattransition tofocusagainondetailedprojectstohelpoutsomeofthebest clientsintheworld,thecustomersofAutodesk. Anthony Hauck has been involved in architecture, engineering, construction and technology for more than 20 years. As an architect, millwork project manager, software developer and IT Director, he has always looked to technology to help solve the problems facing the AEC industry. He joined Autodesk in 2007 as the Revit Platform Product Manager and is responsible for the technological portfolio of the Revit vertical products and the development of the Revit API spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 3 department by: Stephen Stafford AUGI local chapters AuGi local Chapters: south Coast Revit user Group Editors Note: This section will be dedicated to introducing our readers to a Local Chapter. Local Chapters are the physical side of the organization. Many members carry on real friendships and relationships via the website but they may never actual meet each other face to face or shake one another's hands. Our Local Chapters on the other hand are real, face to face and every bit as important to the organization as a web site. In contrast many of the members of a Local Chapter may rarely interact with each other on the web. The ideal situation, we believe, is when our members find a balance between our real and virtual presence as a resource. Some members don't have an option to attend a Local Chapter meeting because one doesn't exist near them. This is an opportunity to start one and the AUGI web site is the place to find some resources and to ask for help! We hope you can connect with a Local Chapter and if not maybe you are the right person to start one! If you'd like your chapter included in an article like this one in the future just send me an email: firstname.lastname@example.org the FiRst? This Revit User Group is one of the earliest to form. Its first meeting was either October of 2000orJanuary2001.Unfortunatelywecouldn't ascertainwhichiscorrectpriortopresstime.We believe that the very first Revit user group was RUGI (Revit Users Group International), which also started the RUGI web site. Robert and Jerry Cox started the group in Floridaandthewebsitesprungfromthat.TheRevitTechnology Corporation(RTC)fundedthesiteasithostedmostifnotallthe availablecontentthatdidn'tshipwithRevitalready.Theirsiteis nowclosedandthecontentthatwasstoredthereisnowinthe AUGIExchangeaswellasscatteredaroundthewebatplaceslike RevitCity. GettinG stARteD SouthCoastRevitUserGroup(orSCRUGasitsmembersknow it)wasstartedbyJimBalding,theDirectorofWimberlyLabs, the technology R&D arm of Wimberly Allison Tong & Goo (WATG).Theirfirstmeetinghadabouttwentypeopleandthey spring_2009 3 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge department AUGI local chapters hada"ShowandTell"aswellasa"Q&A"session.WATGprovidedthevenueaswellasfoodanddrink.JimandWATGwere very early adopters as they were part of the "alpha" evaluation groupoffirmsthatwereapproachedbyRTC,theseearlypreviews weresimplycalled"pre-releaseversionX".Fromallaccounts,Jim isearlyadopter#4.Thegroupdecidedtomeetquarterly.Theaverageattendancewasaround35 peopleforthefirstfewmeetings. A couple years later at the encouragementofthemembership, ChuckKeeley(theBuildingTerritory Manager for Autodesk) andAutodeskthegroupstarted meetingmonthly. have to wait outside until we were done with the presentation, everyonesigned.Hestartedtodemorelease1.0claimingittobe 7.0.Keepinmindthatthisgroupnowhadsomeveryexperienced Revit users, one who shall remain nameless who actually used release 1.0 too, and they were all lured in although some were abitconfused,includingthelocalterritorysalesmanagerfrom Autodesk. Sadly Jim couldn't keep the charade going very long because he was trying so hardnottolaugh.Whenhesaw thatevenChuckKeeleyseemed tobuyithegaveinandtoldeveryonethetruthafterjustafew minutes but every person was fooledoratleastabitconfused, MissionAccomplished! AutoDesk! In February of 2002 Autodesk and RTC announced a slight changeinplans,AutodeskintendedtopurchaseRTC!Thesale wasinthespringof2002.WithAutodeskcamesomechangesto thegroup,namelyintheformofmoresupport.Thegroupfound salesstaffandlocalresellerswerewillingtohelpoffsetthecost forfoodandbeveragesaswellasAutodesksendingvariousstaff topresentatmeetingswhentheywerealreadyintheregionfor otherreasons.Thegrouphadpreviouslyenjoyedvisitsfromsome oftheRTCstaffbutthefrequencyofthesevisitsincreasedabitas wellashowmuchcouldbesharedwiththeattendees. speCiAl Guests Alittlenamedropping,thegroupgottomeetLeonidRaizand IrwinJungreiswhotogetherfoundedRTC.DavidConant,who is the first person hired by RTC with a professional architecturalbackgroundwhichmakeshimaroundemployee#3,visited the group at various times both before and after the Autodesk purchase.ThegroupalsometMartyRozmanith(originalProductManager),MattJezyk(currentProductDesigner)andDave Lamont(CEOofRTC). ...augi and the revit users in southern california certainly appreciate their dedication... FAvoRite MeMoRies While preparing this article I happened to speak with Chuck Keeleyandhesharedacoupleofhisfondmemorieswithme. "For me one of the most memorable things Jim ever did at one meeting was when a newbie asked how easy it was to learn Revit and Jim asked him, "Have you ever seen Revit or used it before?" He answered no. Jim asked him to "take the wheel" and sit behind the laptop. He asked him to draw a wall without offering any help. He did it. Then Jim asked him to put a door in the wall. He figured it out." Andonemore. "I met an architect named Donald Sutherland when he walked into a SCRUG meeting for the first time at WATG. I asked him if he was a Revit user. He said he just bought it a few months earlier. I asked him how it was going so far and he said he had finished 6 small projects and finished construction documents already. (Donald informed us since that these six projects consisted of a 24,000 SF commercial building, a 4,000 SF medical tenant improvement and four (4) 2,500 SF cottage type houses including some custom families) I was shocked. He said the projects were small projects, but I was still taken back by how fast someone could use Revit productively. I then asked him where he was trained. He said he trained himself with the tutorials and with the AUGI support groups. That just proved to me that Revit was intuitive and that smart dedicated people could learn it on their own." ApRil Fools 2004 Onemeeting(April1,2004)inparticularholdsaspecialplace inJim'smemory.AtthetimeIhadrecentlyjoinedWATGmyself and Jim was planning the next meeting and discussing the agenda.Hehadjustbeengivenpermissiontoshowthesoontobe availablerelease7.0andhementiontomethatitwouldbeinterestingtocomparerelease1.0with7.0.Atsomepointduringthe discussionitchangedfromcomparingthemtousing1.0asanimposterfor7.0.Jimcouldn'tresistandtookittoanotherlevel.He contactedSteveBurri,theproductsupportmanageratthetime, andaskedhimifhecouldprovideafakebutconvincinglooking Non-DisclosureAgreement(NDA)thatJimcouldaskthemeetingattendeestosign.Therewasalsoanaccompanyingcoverletter explainingtheimportanceofthesecrecyandhowAutodeskhad reducedtheexecutableandfilesizesbyusing"stack-bitdatapacking".Thisgaveacertainlegitimacytothecharade. AsthemeetingbeganJimmadeabigdealoutoftheNDAsigning process,evensayingthatanyonewhowasn'twillingtosignwould spring_2009 pAssinG the toRCh In2005Jimdecideditwastime,afterfive(5)years,topassthe leadership ofthegroupontosomeoneelse.Thegroupheld an electioninMay2005andtherewasatiebetweenJayHolland andMiguelCuevassotheybothagreedtosharetheresponsibility torunthegroup.JayandMiguelhavebothworkedforanumber ofareafirmsthathavebeenusingRevitformanyyearsnow.Jay recently started his own consulting firm called BIM Mentors. TodaythegroupmeetsattheofficesofLPA,Inc.inIrvine,CA. TheystillmeetonthethirdThursdayofnearlyeverymonth.We saynearlyeverymonthbecauseoccasionallytheycancelameeting around holidays, otherwise they meet very regularly. They nowhavebetween30and100peopleatthemeetingsthesedays, www.AUGIaecedge.com 37 department AUGI local chapters highernumberswhenthepresentationsareparticularlycompelling as can be expected. Their greatest draw is usually the eve ofnewreleases.FortheRevit2009releasetheyhadtosplitthe meetingintotwoseparatesessions.Thecurrentmembershipis inexcessof400people.SCRUGisanaffiliatedAUGIchapter. TheyrequirelittlesupportfromAUGIandtheyreceivesponsorshipsupportfromAutodeskviaChuckKeeleyandlocalresellers sothatmembershipremainsfree. Revit focused local Chapters los AnGeles - LARevitUserGroup(variousfirmshost) - LAMEPUserGroup�Arup lonG BeACh -LBRevitUserGroup�LBCommunityCollege oRAnGe County - SouthCoastRevitUserGroup�LPA - OCRevitStructureUserGroup�KPFF - OCRevitMEPUserGroup�LPA inlAnD eMpiRe - RUGIE(RevitUserGroupInlandEmpire)WLC&HMC sAn DieGo - SDRUG - SDStructuralUserGroup - SDMEPUserGroup�BarnhartHeery Figure 1: Local Chapters Focused on Revit in Southern California leGACy SCRUGspawned,insomefashion,nearlyallthecurrentusers groups in Southern California which boasts quite a few now! SpecificallythesegroupswereformedbymembersofSCRUG: RUGIE-RevitUserGroupInlandEmpire(ScottDavis),SDRUG - San Diego - Revit User Group (Cathy Hadley), LA RUG-LosAngeles-RevitUserGroup(TomWeir&JayZallan).Thereareothersandtheremaybesomepastrelationship withSCRUGthatweareunawareofatthiswriting.Thefollowingimage(Figure1)showsthecurrentcomplimentoftheLocal ChaptersfocusedontheRevitplatformproductsinSouthern California. thAnks!! Jimcertainlyputalotofeffortintothegroupovertheyearsand now Jay and Miguel have been ensuring that the group stays strong. AUGI and the Revit users in Southern California certainly appreciate their dedication. The group would not have enjoyedthehighqualityfoodandbeveragesaswellasfirstclass venueaccommodationswithoutthededicationandcareprovided byareafirms,theAutodeskresellersandAutodesk.Sowe'd(Isay "we"asamemberofSCRUGmyselfandasanAUGImember) liketosaythankstoChuckKeeley(Autodesk),RayDube(L.A. CAD/U.S.CAD),resellersKELAR,CVIS,Microdeskandhost firmsWATG,LPA,Carter-BurgessandCH2MHill. Itjustwouldn'thavehappenedwithoutyou!! ThankstoJimBalding,ChuckKeeley,ScottDavisandJayHollandforthebackstoryandfactchecking. Compiled and written by: Steve Stafford erenceto0,0,0).(Thenextstepwillbetorecognize`NewUCS'in theAutoCADexport,rightRichard?) Yes, viewpoints are exported from Revit, but graphic overrides aren'tmaintained.We'realittlefrustratedwiththat. Theimprovementstoclashdetectionarereallyexciting.Clashreportsarenormallysocumbersome,withhundredsorthousandsof clashesinalist.Theabilitytoorganizethingsbyfoldersishelpful; the automated "group clases involving item" is even better. New graphicabilitiesinclashdetectionarereallyhelpful:theanimated transitionfromclashtoclash,theabilitytoviewaclashincontext andthetransparentdimmingwillbereallyhelpfulduringcoordinationmeetings.Oh,andweappreciatetheadditionalclashstatus of"reviewed",butwhycan'twemakecustomstatuses? Welovethisrelease-infact,we'vealreadyupgradedtoit(stillusingbetaofcourse)forcurrentprojectsbecausethenewfeatures areworthit. View Laura Handler's blog online at: [bim]x blog spot My tAke on nAvisWoRks 2010 IjustreadthroughVolker'spostonNavis2010andfounditvery informative,butofcourse,Ihavecommentsofmyown!Ienjoyed particpiatinginthe2010beta,andwasthrilledtoseesomeofmy requestscometofruition(probablybecauseeveryoneelsewasrequestingthemtoo!). Theupdatestotheinterface(ViewCube&SteeringWheel)are helpful.AlthoughIinitiallyhatedViewCube,Ireallylikeitnow andamhappytoseeitinNavisworks(andIlovethatwecanactuallyturnitoff,too!). And yes, as Volker mentioned, there are improvements to the measuretool,sectioningandvisualization(finally-ahorizonin Navisworks). Firstandforemost,sharedcoordinatesarefinallyrecognizedfrom Revit.Sonow,wedon'thavetoworryabout`OverrideTransform' justbecausesomeonesetupthevariousmodelsoutofallignment. I see this fix as a huge benefit to collaboration. Often times, we havenocontroloverwhereotherpartiesplacetheirmodel(inref- http://www.bimx.blogspot.com 38 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 by: James L. Salmon, Esq. attorney at large Achieving ipD in 3D TM Achieving integrated project Decisions, Design and Delivery through Collaborative Agreements, Building information Models and lean Construction Methods spring_2009 the inteGRAteD Revolution Building Information Model software, advanced hardware,leanconstructionmethodsandrelated businessprocessimprovementsenableIntegrated ProjectDeliverythatsavestimeandmoneywhile improving building quality. Integrated Project Delivery(IPD)isrevolutionizingthebuildingindustry. One critical element in the successful implementation of IPD istheabilityforprofessionalstoquicklyseeproblemsandsolutionsthroughvisualrelationaldatabasesthatareknowninour industry as Building Information Models (BIM). When combinedwithprovenLeanConstructionmethodsBIMproducesa surprisingarrayofbenefits. BIM and Lean Construction dramatically improve business processes and enhance productive and profitable collaboration amongindustryprofessionalswhoseinterestshavetraditionally been adverse. The advanced visuals and professional collabora- tioninherentinBIMandLeanConstructionhaveleadtoanother criticalelement;newcontracts(CollaborativeAgreements)that enhanceconfidenceinthesenewbusinessprocesses,reducerisks and increase rewards. Deploying BIM and Lean Construction methodsthroughCollaborativeAgreementsinanIPDenvironmentresultsinIPDin3DTM. suCCess oF ipD in 3D TM teAMs IPD in 3DTM is the innovative project delivery model advocated byCollaborativeConstructionResourcesandbolsteredbyanew generationofCollaborativeAgreements.IPDin3DTMempowers owners,designers,contractorsandothersinvolvedinthebuilding industry to use new visualization tools and processes with confidence.IPDin3DTMalsoempowersstakeholderstoachieve integratedDecisions,DesignandDelivery,allofwhicharecriticalforsuccess. IPDin3DTMenablesproactiveuseofinformation-richBIMand proven Lean Construction methods within the framework of a www.AUGIaecedge.com 3 attorney at large new generation of Collaborative Agreements to create graphic representationsofkeyprojectdatathatpromptbetterdecisions, morecompleteandtimelydesignsandmoreefficientdeliveryand production.TeamsthatuseIPDin3DTMtoolsandprocessessave timeandmoneywhileimprovingquality. Government reports, industry BIM Awards, and independent academic case studies demonstrate integration produces high-quality projects on-timeand under-budget. Sophisticated consumers of complex design and construction services are demandingcollaborativeteamsutilizeintegrateddecisionmaking processes to enhance design and delivery, which in turn saves timeandmoneyandincreasesquality. Intelligent and effective use of these powerful new tools and processesisenhancedbynewlegalinstruments.Overthepast severalyears,anewgenerationoflegalagreementsknownasCollaborativeAgreementshasbeguntoemerge. Insurance industry statistics indicate approximately 80% of all construction claims originate with owners or members of the project team. Contractual provisions that substantially reduce the number of such claims -with contractual waivers and laddered collaborative dispute resolution mechanism-will,ataminimum, reducelitigationcostsandproject relatedinsurancepremiums.But useoftheseinnovativeCollaborativeAgreementsinanIPDin3DTM environmenthavethepotentialto revolutionize project delivery in many other important ways that reduce costs and shorten constructionschedules. fortheAIA'snewGeneralConditionsDocument,AIAA2952008andthelatestgenerationofAIAIPDDocumentsreleased October17,2008. Collaborative Agreements recognize and leverage the critical natureofparties'relationships.Thisnewgenerationofagreementsisbasedonexistingand valued relationships while traditional transactional agreements create legal relationshipswithoutreferenceto the quality of the underlying relationships. Collaborative Agreements deployed in an IPD in 3DTM environment enable use of advanced visualization tools to align economic interests forthebenefitoftrustedbusinessrelationshipsovertime.Keyprovisionsincludethosethat callforwaiverofclaimsrelatedtodecisionsmadebyconsensus, laddereddisputeresolutionmechanisms,theuseofthirdparty independents as dispute reviewers and the use of "pain sharegainshareagreements." Traditionalcontractscanbemodifiedtoincludeoraccommodatemanyoftheseapproachesbutareoftenexecutedwithno suchmodifications. Waiverofclaimsforconsequentialdamagesrelatedtodecisions madebyconsensusisacriticalfeatureofafullyfunctionalCollaborativeAgreement.Suchwaiversdonotmeanthepartieswill never disagree or have disputes, it simply means that an entire categoryofclaimswillbeeliminatedbyconsensusoftheparties and claims that do surface among the parties will be resolved throughpredeterminedstepsoutlinedin"laddered"Alternative DisputeResolution(ADR)provisionscontainedintheCollaborativeAgreement. ...intelligent and effective use of these powerful new tools and processes is enhanced by new legal instruments... CollABoRAtive AGReeMents seRve As the keystone thAt suppoRts ipD Integrated Project Delivery has been touted in the U.S. building industry for many years. Only recently, however, have the disparatelegal,designandconstructioncommunitiescoalesced behindaprojectdeliverymodelthatempowersstakeholders to takeadvantageofdesignanddeliveryinnovationssimultaneously. Thekeystonethatsupportstheeffectiveandsimultaneoususeof innovationsmanifestedinBIMandLeanConstructionmethods isthenewgenerationofCollaborativeAgreements. TheConsensusDOCS300StandardFormofTri-PartyAgreementforCollaborativeProjectDelivery,releasedinSeptember, 2007,wasthefirstsuchagreementreleasedonanationalscale andwasquicklyfollowedbysimilarofferingsfromtheAmerican Institute of Architects (AIA). The Integrated Project DeliveryGuide,(IPDG)createdbytheAIACaliforniaCouncil andpublishednationallybyAIA,providesagoodoverviewof IntegratedProjectDeliveryconceptsandservesasabackbone 0 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 attorney at large LadderedADRclausesarenotnew,buttheuseofanIndependentDisputeRevieweroraDisputeReviewBoardasastepon theladderismoreunique.ADRmechanismscanberendered evenmoreeffectiveifthepartiesagreetoforegotraditionallitigation and adopt binding mediation / arbitration as the ADR mechanismonaprojectwidebasis. Binding subcontractors to these innovative resolution mechanismscanbeabittrickyaslienstatutesinmoststatesbarparties fromwaivingtheirlienenforcementrights.Goodlocalcounsel can help you craft joining agreement that address these issues, and still bring your subcontractors on board as collaborative membersofanIPDin3DTMTeam. Painsharegainshareagreementsareanotherkeytothesuccessof anIPDin3DTMTeamandareanexcellentmechanismforaligningeconomicinterestsofteammembersinadvanceandensuring allpartiesareworkingtogethertoachieveintegrateddeliveryin ways that optimize the whole, rather than the disparate parts. Theseagreementsarecomplex,butwellworththeeffort. Collaborativeenterprisesthatdevelopahighleveloftrustamong teammembersarebetterpositionedtoactintheircombinedstrategicinterestsandtosuccessfullyrespondtoevolvingeconomic andtechnologicalenvironments.Experiencedprojectmanagers consistentlyconfirmtrustisimportanttosuccessfulprojectdelivery. IPDin3DTMandtheinnovativetoolsrequiredtoachieveitoffera foundationfromwhichIPDin3DTMTeamMemberscanpursue trustbasedbusinessmethods. Entities and persons who deliver design, construction, maintenanceandothersservicestothebuildingindustrymustadaptto theuseofinnovativenewtoolsthatincreaseefficiencyandproductivityorfindthemselvesandtheircompaniesatacompetitive disadvantage. Those who master these tools will have a competitiveadvantageinthedramaticallychangingeconomicmarket place.Thosewhodon'twillfail. James L. Salmon, Esq. President, Collaborative Construction Resources, LLC is a collaborative consultant and the creator of these IPD in 3DTM concepts. Salmon advocates the use of advanced BIM technologies, Lean Construction methods, Collaborative Agreements and other IPD in 3DTM processes. His Collaborative BIM Advocates group provides free membership, national networking opportunities, custom symposiums and online webinars. James Salmon, Esq would like to thank Michael Bordenaro, CoFounder of the BIM Education Co-opTM for editing assistance with this article. BuilDinG tRust is CRitiCAl to AChievinG pD in 3DTM IPDin3DTMisbestimplementedonprojectswithauthenticcollaborativeteamsformedattheinsistenceofenlightenedowners willingtoinvestinhighqualityplanning,design,productionand deliveryefforts.IPDin3DTMTeamscannotbeformedintheabsenceoftrust.Collaborationandtrustcannotbeestablishedina vacuumandrequirecommittedstakeholderswhoclearlyseethe potentialrewardsoftheircollaborativeefforts. NoneofthetoolsnecessarytoachieveIPDin3DTMcanbesuccessfullydeployedintheabsenceofopenandhonestcommunications amongteammembersusingIPDin3DTM.Buildingtrustamong IPDin3DTMTeamMembersisadifficult,butcriticalprocess. Trust is the foundation for organizational commitment to any collaborative endeavor. Collaborative teams, especially of the caliberrequiredtoachieveIPDin3DTMmustbuildtrustamong thevariousteammembers. ThenewgenerationofCollaborativeAgreementsthatformthe contractualframeworkforIPDin3DTMarea PRODUCTofthe partiestrustedbusinessrelationships,not the BASISforthose trustedbusinessrelationships. Don't Think Do-Revit blog spot some thoughts about Revit files STCisnomore.Nowit'sSWC.Tomethisisharder tosayandawkward.IthinkImayjuststickwith saying"sync"fromnowbutamsaddenedbytheloss oftherevitlanguage.STCwasoneofthosephrases thatyouknewyouwerepartofanexclusiveclubbeinga"reviteer".Saythepasswordandyougettojoin ourclub.Ohwell.Autodeskobviouslythoughtitwas confusingtousers."Syncronizing"ismoreappropriatetowhatyouareactuallydoing. Toviewthisblogonlinegoto: http://dorevit.blogspot.com/ ConsuMeRs oF BuilDinG inDustRy seRviCes Will BeneFit FRoM ipD in 3DTM Sophisticated consumers of building industry services see increasedefficiencyandproductivityinalmosteveryothersector oftheeconomy.Theyarestunnedanddismayedwhentheconstruction industry insists on delivering services in accordance with project delivery methods that date to business processes developedintheaftermathofWorldWarII. spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 1 feature focus Revit Architecture by: Robert Manna Revit in a large Firm a tale of implementing revit MynameisRobertMannaandIamastaffarchitect/BIM implementer. I'm writing to share our implementation story with the hope that it will helpyoutohelpothersasweallworktochange ourprofession(s)orpossiblytoconfirmandvalidateyourownfirm'sexperiencedoingsoaswell. advantage of this new approach to design and documentation withthesedevelopmentsintechnology?Noneoftheattendees knewitatthetime,butthatmeetingwasthestartofourBIM implementation.Evenatthatpointwemadesomekeydecisions thathaveguidedoureffortsovertheyears. The critical philosophical point was our vision of Revit as one piece of a larger practice change, from a 2D document-based workflow,toaninformation-modelbasedworkflow.Revitwould be one of a set of tools we will use together, to drive building design. Thefirstandmostcriticaldecisionwasastrategicone:Implement BIM broadly across the whole organization. Notonly didwewanttoseeallofficesadoptthetechnology,wewanted everyone to move at the same rate, and to work together as much as possible. When it came time to plan how we would achieve these ends,welookedatanumber of approaches, but a fewimportantpointsbear mention. A major decision was to focus on education and training, which we described as "training our way out of this mess." Burt Hill historicallyprovidedinternaltraining,forexampleon 2DMicrostation,anditbecameapparenttousthat ourownBurtHillexpertscouldprovidebetter relevant training and coaching than external trainers we were familiar with. External trainersknew(butnotalways)whichbuttons to push, but too often missed the critical impacts that changing software andworkflowshaveonpractice. Another choice made after that meeting was that the effort to implement BIM shouldbedoneasa"project"withaseparate budget and manager, not simply an "IT" effort. This was important as the majority of stARtinG out sMAll (in A BiG FiRM) InDecemberof2003,myfirm'sinvolvementwithRevitbegan with a single project team of four people who decided to try thisup-and-comingpieceofsoftwareonahigh-riseresidential project.AtthetimeBurtHillhadabout350staffmembersin sixregionaloffices.Today,BurtHillnowaninternationalArchitecture, Engineering, Planning and Design firm has 1,000 peoplein12officesspreadaroundtheglobe.Duringthistime of extraordinary growth, a team of dedicated individuals have worked together to implement Revit architectureasourtoolofchoicefor ArchitectureandInteriordesignand documentation.Now,fiveyearslater we'veusedRevitforoveronehundred projectsandamajorityofourArchitecture and Interiors staff have been trainedtouseRevit. FiRM stRuCtuRe Burt Hill strives to be a single firm andwhileeachofficehasuniqueattributesthedistributionand application of new tools like Revit and a process like Building InformationModeling(BIM)areconsideredimportantenough thattheyshouldbeappliedinallofficesinthefirm,asequally as possible. In 2006 our CEO issued a challenge for the firm toplantobe100%BIMbyAprilof2009.Howhavewedone? We'llanswerthatalittlelater.Thedecisiontoissuethisdeadline wasbasedonahandfulpilotprojectsthattookplaceinvarious officesoverthepreviousthreeyears.Thefirstpilotranforalmost ayearbeforetwomorepilotsstartedalmostsimultaneouslyin early2005. GettinG stARteD Inthefallof2005,representativesfromthepilotprojectteams mettodiscussthestatusofRevitandwhetheritwasworthwhile tocontinuetousethesoftware.Thepurposeofthemeetingwas notjusttoevaluateRevit,buttoconsiderthisnewworkflowand thetoolsthatwerebeingused;wasthereanopportunitytotake revit would be one of a set of tools we will use together, to drive building design... www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 feature focus Revit Architecture the"team"hasbeenmadeupofprofessionalswhomalsopractice architecture(andwhattheyteach). suCCess Thanks to these early decisions and planning, our efforts have met with reasonable success. The largest project to date is the completionofoursecondpilotproject,the120,000sqftDorrance Hamilton Building. Another important measure, we believe,isthatwehavehadveryfewemployeeswhowantedto gobacktousingCAD.Peopleattimesmightbefrustrated,or angeredbylimitationsorbugsinthesoftware,buttheywantto remainengagedwiththesoftware. Weareveryproudofourowneducationprogram.Initiallywhen therewereonlyafewprojectsweengagedintwodayblitzsessions to teach and help start a team off on the right path. As thenumberofprojectsincreasedwedecidedthisrequiredareal educationcurriculum.Using"college"asamodel,westartedand continuetodevelopabroadseriesofcoursesbrokenupbyskill levelandtopic,withidentified"tracks".In2008wedelivered more than 100 courses, with 68 course hours available to teach.Thecoursesteachnotonlywhichbuttonstopush, buthowtoapplythetool(s)inpractice,bestpractices, andanyissues/limitationthatmayexist. Aspartofthesystem,oureducatorsneverteachintheirhome officeaswefindthatitlendsgreatercredibilitytooureducator becausethestudentsarenotalready"too"familiarwithhim/her. Thiswaytheydon'twalkintoaclasswithpredeterminedideas abouttheirexpertise.Aspartofoureducationeffortwe'vealso invested in a wiki to document the curriculum and provide a sourceofinformationthatalluserscancontributeto. Wehavebeenverysuccessfulgettingfeedbackfromouruserbase aswellasprovidinginformation.Forexamplewedoamonthly e-newsletterviae-mail.Itisshortandfollowsasetformatand thetextiskepttoafewsentencesorbulletpointswithimages asnecessary.Thisallowsustoprovideuseful,quickandeasyto absorbinformationtoeveryone.Wesolicitfeedbackusingour SurveyMonkeyaccount.Thesurveyswereoriginallybornofthe desire to get immediate feedback when an education course is complete, however we've also found it useful for learning what users need in the way of content, or what we can do better to servetheirneeds.Surveysarea"windowlookinginto"ourprofessionalstaff,allowingthemto guide and participate more directly in our BIM implementation. lessons Inthelastfiveyearstherearesomethingsweknownowthat wewishweknewthen! Perhaps the biggest thing that we did not fully grasp when we started was the impact the process of change would have on our firm and business as a whole. We have since learned that it is critical to "manage expectations" and set realistic goals, otherwise it is very easy to lose support and momentum. spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 3 feature focus Revit Architecture 2DCADhashistoricallybeentheapplicationof"draftingtechnique"tothecomputer.Theconceptthatour"finished"product (drawings) is actually a by-product of another process (modeling)isnotsomethingalwayseasily"taught".Thereforewestrive tohavestaff,whohaveadiverserangeofprofessionalexperience and opinion(s), participate in the implementation to ensure that we have a balanced approachtoservingalltheprofessionalswithinourbusiness. plAn, plAn, AnD plAn soMe MoRe While we have done a fair amount of planning, what we never did, due to our organic growth was to truly sit down and define a clear set of goals; or what it would mean to be successful (particularly after the CEO's deadline). Wehavefoundthatthechange in process affects so much of our business that the bigger task has become change management. In fact the specific software we are talking about does not actually matter to us nearlyasmuchaswemustteachtheprocesschangeof"modeling todesignandthendocument".However,thistypeofchangeis disruptivetotheprocessofourcorebusiness,whichisdeliveringcompleteddesigns.Thefearintroducedbysuchchangemust be dealt with, and the only way to deal with it, is to plan and strategizeforit. it is critical to reward hard work and loyalty. a $30 steak, or even a trip to autodesk university is a small expense when compared to the latent knowledge highly involved staff carry with them... projectteamsliketheeducationgroupalsotalkandmeetregularly.Theefforttotransformtheprocessbywhichwepractice ourbusinesshasreachedbeyond"IT",whichhasrequiredusto realizethatwhilewemightseethattherearecertainoutcomes forthefirmthatwouldbebeneficial,thereareonlyspecificgoals thattheBIMImplementationteamcanreachontheirown.We cannot for instance, change our Human Resources department, or our business technology group. We must operate within certainconstraints. ConClusion Burt Hill continues to work hard at our BIM implementation. Earlier we wrote that our challenge was to be 100% BIM by April 2009. We revised this earlier "simply stated" goal to, being able to support 100% of Architecture and Interior projects using Revit as the primary tool,whichwebelieveisasubtle but critical distinction. It is "easy" to turn teams loose with the software and hope for the best.Itisacompletelydifferent mattertobeabletodothatand havesuccessfulprojects.Thekeyisbeingabletoprovidethesupportrequiredtoachievethatsuccess. Wealsohavetobepatient.Consideringthetypicalsizeanddesign schedule of most of our projects, we have yet to see very many"returns"onprojectsdesignedusingRevit.Todate,we've hadthreelargebuildings(nearly)completedaswellasavariety ofsmallprojects.2009and2010willbewhenwestarttoseea greatdealofourworkactuallybuiltandwelookforwardtoseeingthefinishedbuildings! Robert currently lives in Philadelphia with his wife Krista, herself a Revit expert, and is planning an eventual move back to the Boston Area. Robert graduated from RPI and has been with Burt Hill for six years, working on a number of projects including the Dorrance Hamilton Building. Robert currently divides his time between writing curricula, lending support to project teams, and managing content firm wide. In 2008 he received a Burt Hill Internal Research Grant to explore Crowd Simulation as a generative tool. Sometime in the future he'll work on a real project and build a house outside of Boston (designed in Revit). Robert blogs at http://dorevit.blogspot.com and can be reached via e-mail at email@example.com ReWARDinG eFFoRt Itiscriticaltorewardhardworkandloyalty.A$30steak,oreven atriptoAutodeskUniversityisasmallexpensewhencompared to the latent knowledge highly involved staff carry with them, particularlywhengoingtogreateffortstotrainanddisseminate knowledge. The ability to recognize these people also requires thattheseniormanagementofthefirmsupportthisprocessof transition.Assuchwearecontinuouslymodifyinghowwework toembracethefuture,tryingtofindnewwaystomeasurewhat andhowwedoourwork.Thereareanynumberofwaystoshow talentedandmotivatedstaffthattheyaretrulyappreciatedand it is critical to success considering that this transition involves suchahighdegreeofchange. Aspartofthewillingnesstoplan,wehavealsobeenwillingto paythecost.Thecoreplanninggroupofaboutsixpeoplehave regularconferencecalls,andmeetinpersonquarterly.Smaller www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 feature focus by: David Baldacchino Revit Architecture Getting oriented with Revit's Coordinate system ost new Revit users that make the switchfromaCADplatformoftenfind themselves a bit confused about Revit's seemingly invisible coordinate system and unfamiliar terminology. On closer inspection one candrawmanysimilaritiesbetweenthetwo.The following is an imaginary conversation between an inquisitive newcomerandaseasonedRevituser... M SharedCoordinateSystem(auniqueoriginandorientation).The read-only text box "Angle from Project North to True North" displaystherotationbetweentheProjectCoordinatesystemand theSharedCoordinatesystemfortheselectedLocation.Project NorthistheYaxisoftheProjectCoordinatesystem,whileTrue NorthistheYaxisoftheSharedCoordinatesystemofthecurrentLocation.(SeeFigure1) WhAt ARe shAReD CooRDinAtes? Alldesignapplicationsneedacoordinatesystemtolocateobjects inspace.Revit'scoordinatesystemmightseeminvisibleatfirst, but it is there nonetheless! In fact, it is very similar to the one in AutoCAD. The Project Coordinate system in Revit is fixed, justliketheWorldCoordinateSystem(WCS)inAutoCAD.But whatistheUserCoordinateSystem(UCS)inAutoCADequivalenttoinRevit,youmightask?InRevititiscalledtheShared Coordinate System, and just like a DWG can house multiple UCS's,anRVTprojectcanhavemultipleSharedLocations. WhAt Does the "MAnAGe plACe AnD loCAtions" in My pRojeCt Do? ThisdialogisequivalenttotheoneinAutocadwhereyoucansee thevariousnamedUCS's.EachNamedLocationstoresaunique WheRe is My pRojeCt CooRDinAte systeM oRiGin? Whenyoustartanewprojectfromthe"default.rte"template,the Originislocatedsomewherenearthecenterbetweentheelevationannotation.Thereisnovisiblecue,butthereisasimpleway tolocateitaccurately.AssumingyouhaveAutocad,startanew DWGfile,drawa"crosshair"centeredon0,0,0(WCS)andkeep a saved copy handy. Now link this file in a Revit plan view by usingtheOrigintoOriginoption.ThiswilllineuptheWCSof thisDWGtotheProjectCoordinateSystemorigin.The"crosshair"intheDWGmarkstheoriginandorientationoftheProject CoordinateSystem.Youcanmarkitwithsomereferenceplanes, pinthemtopreventunwantedshifting,andthendeletethelink. Rememberthatthiscoordinatesystemisunmovable;theorigin andorientationarefixed,justliketheWCS.Youcoulddothisin Figure 1: Manage Place and Locations spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com feature focus Revit Architecture orientation,youcanusethe"SpecifyCoordinatesataPoint"tool oracquirecoordinatesfromtheaforementioned"Origin"DWG whenlocatedattheProjectorigin.(SeeFigure3) Figure 2: DWG file linked using Auto - Origin to Origin youroffice'sprojecttemplatessoeveryonecaneasilyidentifythe ProjectOrigin.(SeeFigure2) i'M not FolloWinG WhAt you MeAn By "ACquiRe CooRDinAtes". CoulD you elABoRAte FuRtheR? TherearetwowaystomodifyaSharedCoordinatesystem.You candothatbyAcquiringCoordinatesfromaDWGfile/RVT project,oryoucanSpecifyCoordinatesatalocation.Typically, wewouldusetheAcquiretoolwhenlinkinginaDWGsurvey or a Site RVT project, after positioning and orienting the link properlyinrelationtothebuilding.Thisprocedureisthemost "transparent" and does not require us to be bothered with originlocations.Whenyouacquirecoordinates,thehostproject's SharedCoordinatesystemisalignedwiththeDWG'sWCSor toaUCSthatRevitrecognizes,ortothelinkedRVTproject's SharedCoordinatesystem. i tRieD this But Revit sAys thAt it CAnnot ACquiRe CooRDinAtes FRoM A MoDel With Multiple nAMeD loCAtions. WhAt's hAppeninG? IfthishappenedwhenacquiringfromaDWG,thenRevitfound multipleUCS'sthatitrecognizesanddoesn'tknowwhichoneto use.YoucanacquirefromDWG'sthathaveonlyonerecognizableUCS.IntheabsenceofsuchUCS,theWCSwillbeused instead.ThesamewillhappenwithalinkedRVTprojectcontainingmultiplenamedlocations.Inthesecases,youmighthave tomanuallyspecifycoordinatesatapointtolocateyourShared CoordinateSystem. There is however another way to acquire coordinates in such situations.Selectthelink,gotoitspropertiesandatthebottom, clickthatlittlebuttonontheright(probablyitissaying"<Not Shared>").Inthe"ShareCoordinates"dialog,clickthe"Change" button and select the UCS or Location you want to record as yourhostproject'sSharedcoordinates.Thenselectthe"Acquire" option and click "Reconcile". Since Revit is also not capable of publishing coordinates from projects containing multiple locations,thistechniquewillhelpyouachievethatgoaltoo. WhAt's All this ABout puBlishinG CooRDinAtes? Acquiringforcesyourproject'ssharedcoordinatesystemtoalign to the link's UCS or current Location. Publishing does the inverse: it takes your shared coordinate system and forces your link'sUCSorcurrentLocationtoaligntoit.Whenyoupublish, youneedtosavethesechangestoyourlinkthroughtheManage Linksdialogifyouwanttoretainthem,whichwillmodifythe linkedDWGorRVT.Ifyouforget,Revitwillpresentyouwith theoptiontodosowhenclosingyourproject. eARlieR you MentioneD thAt Revit ReCoGnizes CeRtAin uCs's in A DWG link. hoW Does it Do thAt? RevitrecognizesaUCSinaDWGifthenameisprefixedwith "REVIT60-".SoforexampleifyounameaUCSas"REVIT60spring_2009 WheRe is My shAReD CooRDinAte systeM oRiGin? Whenyoustartaprojectfromthedefaulttemplate,youwillfind that there is already a location called "Internal". In contrast to Autocad,aRevitprojectalwayshasaLocation,whereasaDWG doesnotneedtocontainanamedUCS."Internal"'sSharedcoordinateoriginandorientationcoincidewiththoseoftheProject Coordinate system. It is important to note that changes to the SharedCoordinatesystemareautomaticallysavedtothecurrent Location. If your Shared coordinate system has been modified and you want to control the location of the Shared origin and Figure 3: DWG file linked using Auto - Origin to Origin www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge feature focus Revit Architecture Site",RevitwilldisplaythisasaLocationcalled"Site".Ifthere are other UCS's that do not follow this naming pattern, Revit willignorethem. dependontheactiveview'sorientation.Forthepurposesofthis example,let'sassumethatTrueNorthis30degreesofftheWest ofProjectNorth. a)IfyoulinkintoaplanviewsettoProjectNorth,theDWG willbeorientedsotheYaxisisverticalinyourview,regardlessofwhethertheoptionischeckedornot.Inotherwords, theYandXaxeswillcoincidewiththeProject'sYandX axes. b)IfyoulinkintoaplanviewsettoTrueNorth,theDWG's YandXaxeswillmatchtheSharedCoordinate'sYandX axes.Inthiscase,theYaxiswillbeverticalinyourview.If theoptionisunchecked,thedwg'sYandXaxeswillmatch theProject'sYandXaxes,whichinthiscasewouldresultin yourlinkbeingrotated30degreestotheEastofTrueNorth. Anotherwaytothinkaboutthisisconsiderthatmostelevations drawnincadareinModelSpaceandusingaPlanorientation,of thepossible3DvieworientationsinAutoCAD.Inaplanview inRevit,ifyouimportanelevationfileandleavethisoptionuncheckedyourelevationwill"lie"onthefloor.Ifyouimportthis fileintoanelevationviewandleaveituncheckeditwillstill"lie" onthefloor.However,ifyouCheckthisoptionthefilewillnow beorientedparalleltotheviewand"standup"likeaproperelevation. WhAt hAppens When i use the tool "RotAte tRue noRth"? ThistoolhastobeusedinaplanviewsettoTrueNorthorientation. When you use it, you're changing the orientation of your Shared Coordinate's Y (True North) and X axes in relation to theProjectCoordinateSystem.Thedefaultrotationpointisyour ProjectCoordinateSystem'sOrigin(anotherwayofpinpointing thatorigin!).Keepinmindthatifyourotateaboutapointother thantheSharedorigin,theSharedoriginwillberelocatedalong thecircumferenceofacirclewithradiusequaltothedistancebetweentheSharedoriginandtherotationpoint. WhenyouRotateTrueNorth,theendresultwillseemasifthe buildingturnedinthesamedirectionasyourspecifiedangle,but themodelgeometrydoesn'tactuallymove. Imagineyouhave2sheetsofglassontopofeachother:Onthe bottomistheSharedCoordinatesystemandontopistheProject Coordinatesystemandthemodelgeometrytiedtoit.Let'ssay yourotate20degreesclockwise.SincetheviewisfixedtoTrue North,thebottomlayerdoesn'tmoveandthetoplayer(theProjectCoordinatesystemandmodel)rotates20degreesclockwisein relationtotheSharedsystem.ButkeepinmindthattheProject Coordinatesystemisfixed,soinrealitytheSharedCoordinate systemhasrotatedby20degreesanticlockwise!Thisiswhywhen you rotate True North in one direction and you have a linked DWGorRVTplacedbySharedCoordinates,itwillseemtorotateintheoppositedirectioninaplanviewsettoProjectNorth. Ifunlikeme,youdon'tcareaboutunderstandingexactlywhatis happening "behind the scenes", I suggest you think of this tool as"RotateBuildingwithRespecttoTrueNorth"instead,which willhelpyoutobettervisualizetheendresult. When i use the speCiFy CooRDinAtes At A point, it shoWs My elevAtion As 4'-0". Why is thAt? Thishappensmostlywhenpickingsomethinginaplanviewin the host or linked project, and is less common with flat DWG links.Thetoolisactuallypickinganedgeatthecutplaneofyour view,whichisprobablysetto4'-0".Togettheexactelevation,use thetoolina3Dviewtobesureyouarepickingthecorrectpoint. Ohlookatthetime!Thisfeatureisquitecapablebutitdoestake somegettingusedto.Nexttimearoundwe'lltacklethenewfeatures inRevit2010aswellascontinueourdialog!Thanksforreading! David Baldacchino works for SHW Group in Texas where he practices architecture and also helps manage their BIM implementation effort. He is passionate about Architecture & Design, but also cares a lot about the project delivery process. He presented Revit classes at Autodesk University 2008 and they were very well received. He is currently serving as Product Chair for the Revit community at AUGI. He writes the Revit blog: Do u Revit? I do! Its focus is on the Revit platform, discussing techniques, software issues & bugs as well as sharing tips and discussing BIM topics. He married in 2003 and now he and his wife Lori just recently left on a journey of a lifetime hoping to be able to adopt a child from the Ukraine! Blog Address: http://do-u-revit.blogspot.com/ WhAt hAppens When i ReloCAte My pRojeCt? Whenyouusethistool,you'rerelocating/movingtheSharedCoordinatesystem'sOriginbyacertaindistance inanydirection. ThesameeffectcanbeachievedbyusingtheSpecifycoordinates ataPointtool,whereyoucanalsospecifyadifferentanglebetweenProjectNorthandTrueNorth,achievingthesamething astheRotatingProjectNorthtool.Ifyoupickapointthatisnot thesharedoriginandspecifyadifferentangle,theSharedCoordinateSystemwillrotatearoundthatpoint,thusdisplacingthe SharedOrigintoanotherlocationrelativetotherotationpoint asexplainedearlier.ThisishardtoseeinaviewsettouseTrue North,sotostudythisbehavior,tiletwowindows:onesetwith TrueNorthandonesetwithProjectNorth.Itwillbealoteasier toobservethisbehavior. WhAt Does the option "oRient to vieW" Do When i link/iMpoRt My DWG? This option is only available when "Current View Only" is unchecked.When"OrienttoView"isselected,theendresultwill spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 7 feature focus Revit Architecture by: Lay Christopher Fox Make Room for Revit: key requirements for a successful biM implementation eaders of AUGIWorld Magazine may be familiarwithmyseriesofarticlesonRevit ArchitectureandRevitStructure.I'mvery pleasedtobecontributingtothisissueofAUGI AEC Edge. In this article I'll cover some "best practices"withRevitArchitecturewhenworkingwithInteriors. ThefirsttopicI'dliketocoverconcernsaRevitobjectthatyou can'tseeinmostviews,theRoom.Roomsholdinformationabout thespacestheydefine.Theypickupbordersfromwalls,floors, ceilings, roofs and user drawn room separation lines. Rooms automaticallyknowtheirdimensions:beingabletosubdividea designbyareaandvolumeputsanimmenseamountofusefulinformationatyourfingertips.Whetheryourbuildingsaresmallor large,relativelysimpleorintenselycomplex,properuseofrooms willenableyoutocollateanddisplayspatialpropertiesandcalculationsquicklyandeffectively.RoomscombinewiththeColor Scheme property of orthographic views (plans, elevations, sections)toletyouplacecolorfillsinstantly.Theabilitytorepresent copiesofafloorplansidebyside,coloredbydepartment,floor finishorothervariable--andtochangetheseviewsinrealtime-makesadesigner'sconversationwithclientsorreviewersquicker andmorecomplete. Therealutilityofroomsappearsnotincoloredviews,butinthe prosaicRoomSchedulesyoucansetupinanybuildingmodel, evensmallresidences.Roomschedulesallowyoutosliceanddice the spatial information you have painstakingly created by placing all those walls. Quantity statistics for floor coverings, wall finishesandapplieddecorationsareautomaticandreliablewhen youplaceandschedulerooms.Forcommercialproperties,design firmscannowconsiderfacilitiesmanagementservicesasapossiblerevenuestreambecausetrackingroomoccupancyovertime issoeasy. Here's my "best practice" tip No. 1: Create a room schedule in yourprojecttemplatesandfillitinwithroomsnamedaccording toyourusualpractice.Evenwiththesmallestresidentialprojects whereyouwillnotbothertonumberrooms,youwillre-usethe same room names (living, bedroom, bath) over and over again; save yourself some repetitive typing and pick the name of the roomyouareplacinginaprojectofftheavailablelist.Revitwill showtheroomsinthescheduleasNotPlaceduntilyoucreate roomobjectsandassignthem.(SeeFigure1) r Figure 1: Create your room names in an empty schedule, and assign rooms from the list Thesecondscheduletocreate,ifyouhaveanysortofroomclassificationsystem,isaRoomKeyschedule.Inthisscheduleyou defineroomtypes,orRoomStyles,thenameRevitwillgivethis schedulebydefault.ThenameyougivetheKeyinaKeySchedule isavailableasafieldinyourregularroomschedule,soyoucan assignakeytoeachroom.TheKeySchedulewillincludeother fields,suchasfinishes;eachrowisaroomstylethatdefinesfinish values.Intheroomschedule,youassignstylestoroomstodrive roomfinishdesignations,whichwillsaverepetitivetypingeven if you have only ten rooms in your project. If you design office towers,hotelsorcommercialspaces,RoomKeyschedulesarenot optional companions to your room schedules, but the efficient waytopopulatevaluesthatwillinevitablyrepeat.Onceyoucreate"Carpet1"and"Carpet2"asfloorfinishestheywillappearin alistsoyoudon'thavetotypethesamethingoverandover,but pickingseveralvaluesinroompropertyfieldsorineachrowofa scheduleissimplyaskingforneedlesserrortocreepin,besides beingawasteoftime.(SeeFigure2) 8 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 feature focus Revit Architecture Figure 2: Room Keys, from their own schedule, fill out fields in the Room Schedule automatically If you know your room types before you know your rooms, create yourRoomKeyschedulefirst,and making your Room Schedule will beslightlysimpler.AswithaRoom Schedule,onceyouhaveaworking RoomKeySchedule,putitinyour projecttemplate! Youcancollectfinishestogetconvenient area totals by making very simpleschedulesthatdonothaveto appearondocumentpages.Aswith allschedules,youcanexportthese tospreadsheetapplications very quickly. Save to the samefilenameandlocation to provide updated figures astheprojectdevelops. Mylastpointaboutrooms takes us out of Revit Architecture, at least temporarily. Room elements are important and useful in Revit Architecture; their equivalents in Revit MEP--Spaces--are fundamental. Spaces in MEP holdenergyusageinformation such as lighting and ventilation requirements and heat loss calculations. MEP puts the required fieldsintothepropertiesof pre-existingornewspaces, andtheuserpopulatesthe valuesduringMEPoperations. MEP places spaces automatically where rooms exist. Revit Architecture can read thesefields,butdoesnotcreatethembyanycurrentlyavailable tool, although you can always create custom parameters. (See Figure4) Mypointisthis:greendesignrequirementswillonlygrowinimportance over the coming years. Energy usage calculations will verysoonbepartofmostifnotallbuildingapplications.InRevit, roomobjectsarethevehiclesforenergyinformation.Therooms youplaceinRevitArchitectureforspatialcalculationsareused by Revit MEP to provide energy use parameters. External energyanalysispackagescanreadandworkwiththedatainRevit's rooms to verify energy consumption for a given design. Firms designing energy-conscious buildings will develop methods of combiningroomspaces,systemsdataandexternalenergycalculationssothattheycaniteratedesignstoreachsustainabledesign goals.Itallbeginswiththeroom. Chris Fox is the Revit editor for AUGIWorld, and has written numerous articles on Revit Architecture, Revit Structure and Revit MEP. He has written Autodesk Official Training Courseware for Revit Architecture and Revit Structure and Introducing and Implementing Revit Architecture 2009, published by Autodesk Press. Chris recently moved from the US to Australia, and is leading training classes in Revit through corporate, university and technical school contacts there. You can reach him at chris.fox@ archimagecad.com. Figure 3: Finish Schedules provide totals by Finish type. Figure 4: Energy and ventilation properties of Spaces in MEP spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com feature focus Revit Architecture by: Toby Maple A tutorial for line Based Families his short tutorial is intended to introduce you to the Detail Component Line Based Family.Itwillshowyouhowtomakeyour own "arrow" that can be used to indicate a slopingslab,astair"down"arroworperhapsasimple leader without text. Keep in mind that there are many practical examples of line based detail componentfamiliesinthestocklibrariesofmetricandimperial DetailComponents. Let'sgetstarted! Therearetwofamilytemplatesfor"2pick"familiesorotherwise knownasLinebasedFamilies(similarforImperialcontent). � MetricDetailComponentlinebased.rft � MetricGenericModellinebased.rft In a default installation of Revit these reside in C:\Documents andSettings\AllUsers\ApplicationData\Autodesk\RAC2009\ MetricTemplates MetricDetailComponentlinebased. t Figure 2: Checking the Family Category Assignment Figure 1: Choosing a Family Template 1)FilemenuNewFamily MetricDetailComponentline based.rft(SeeFigure1) 2) Settings menu Family category and Parameters Detail ItemsYoucan'tchangethis.ThishowRevitknowswhatcategory toputtheobjectunder.Wheneveryoustartanewfamilyyouhavea secondchancetoassignthecorrectcategorywiththisdialog. 3)DesignBar FamilyTypes ClickNewtoaddatleast1new Type�ifyoudon'tdothis(SeeFigure2)yourfamilymaynot updateproperlywhenreloadedintoaProject.(SeeFigure3) 0 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge Figure 3: Add a new Family Type spring_2009 feature focus Revit Architecture NotethatyoucannotdeleteorrenametheLengthparameteras ithasbeenlockedoutbythedevelopers. 4)ClickOK 5) Settings menu Object styles - Add your Company's predefined Object Styles before you Load this into any Project!!! Otherwiseyouwillendupwithunusedsub-categories.Let'suse thesubcategory"ARROW".ClickOK Figure 6: Adding Labels/Parameters to Dimensions 8)TheParameterpropertiesdialogappears.(SeeFigure7) Figure 4: Add a object style 6)SketchusingReferenceLINEStomakecontrollingthearrow headanglepossible.ReferenceLineshaveactualendpointsthat honourtheirlocationwhereasReferencePlanesdonot.Always useReferenceLinestodefineAngularconstraints.Adddimensionstocontroltheanglewithinthefamily. Figure 7: Creating the Angle Parameter Name:"ArrowHeadAngle" Group:Dimensions(Thisiswhereitwillappearintheproperties dialogboxintheProject) Choose"Type",not"Instance"(ThismeansallFamilytypesofthe samefamilywillusethisparameter) 9)Testyourwork!Itisimportantto"flex"thefamilytomake sureitworksBEFOREaddinganymoregeometryorlinework. (SeeFigure8)Changetheangleifitworksmoveahead,otherwisefigureoutwhatwentwrongnow.Itisnofuntobacktrack whenyouencounteraproblemonlytolearnitwasaminorthing youdidmanystepsearlier. Figure 5: Sketching/Adding Reference Lines 7)AddAngulardimensionsbetweenthenewReferencePlanes and the existing Reference Plane. Click on "Label" on the OptionsBarandselectAddParameter. spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 1 feature focus Revit Architecture Figure 8: Testing/Flexing the family 10)Weneedtoaddaparametertocontroltheheadlengthtoo. ADDDimensions(Itisimportanttodimensionfromtheinside totheoutside,Revittakesthisintoaccountwhentryingtocontrolthedimensionparameters.) Figure 10: Define Head Length Parameter Figure 11: Creating new Family Types Figure 9: Dimensions to define Head Length 11)ApplyLabelstoeachdimensionaccordingtothefigure10. ThistimeitisaninstanceparametersoIcancontroleachfamilies headlengthindependentlytootherfamilies.(SeeFigure10) 12) Create "family types" so there are several "Angled Heads" withintheonefamily.(SeeFigure11) a)OpenFamilyTypesDialogagain b)ClickRename c)RenametheexistingType1to45� d)AddafewmoretypesasshowninFigure12anddon'tforget tochangetheparameter"ArrowHeadAngle"tomatchyour newtypes. Figure 12: Adding new Angle Family Types www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 feature focus Revit Architecture TIP: To create a degree symbol for fonts that support it: With Numeric Lock enabled on the numeric keypad, press and hold the ALT key and then press 0, 1, 7, and 6 on the numeric keypad. Release the ALT key. You can also copy and paste a symbol from the Windows Character Map application if a degree symbol is part of the font that you are using. 13)TimetoaddthelineworkandconstrainittoourReference Linesaswenowknowthesework.Clickon"Lines"fromtheDesignBarandselect"Arrow"fromtheTypeSelector.Remember wecreatedtheObjectStyleearlier?(SeeFigure13) TIP:Togetthecopyrightsymbol,sameasearlier!TheCopyright symbol�codeisALT+0169. 14)Youmaywanttoadda"ControlDoubleArrow"tomakeita biteasiertoflipinaProject.(SeeFigure15) Figure 15: Adding a Control - double arrow 15)Savethefamilyandloaditintoaproject,testyourwork! Congratulations!YourfirstDetailComponentLineBasedfamily!Thesearetheessentialstepsforanysuchcontent.Remember todefinetheReferencePlanesorLinesfirst,thenadddimensions andparameterfollowedbytesting.Aftertestingprovesyourconceptsareworkingthenaddthelinework! GoodLuck! Toby is driven to manage HASSELL's ongoing implementation of Autodesk Revit globally, as part of their Building Information Modeling (BIM) solution. He has extensive expertise in overcoming challenges in introducing this technology across organizations. As the Revit Systems Manager for Woolworths Limited, he implemented the BIM standards, methodology and workflow, created content, and trained 20 existing personnel as well as 5 external drafting companies (total 100+ people) in these standards. He then worked for AEC Consulting Services implementing & mentoring the use of Revit into many organizations and differing disciplines. He also taught Revit students (through AEC Systems) scheduled training and on-site. Toby is the Group BIM Manager for HASSELL. He manages the Revit system nationally, and specifically BIM as a methodology, not just as a drafting tool. He has 3 children under 3 years old - so nothing fazes him anymore! Figure 13: Line work using Pick and Lock UsethePickandLockOption.Youwillalsohavetochangeyour dimension"HeadLength"todimensiontheHeadlineworknotthe RefLineinthepreviousstep.Flexthefamilyafewmoretimesto makesureitallworksbyopeningupthefamilyTypesDialogand changingthenamedropdownandclickingApply.(SeeFigure14) Figure 14: Flexing the Family and "Built By" spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 3 feature focus Revit Architecture by: Mark Kiker & Steve Stafford Revit in high school Meet two Progressive teachers and their program Who ARe they? TheyareGlenStevensonandBillBrownandthey arefull-time"Drafting"teachersatSantiagoHS. Theythinkthattheirschoolmaybetheonlyone, atthistimeinthestateofCalifornia,thathastwo fulltimeteacherslikethem.SantiagoHighSchool inCorona,CAislocatedneartheI15andI91interchange.There areabout4000studentsinthecomprehensivehighschoolthatis partoftheCorona-NorcoUnifiedSchoolDistrict. ABout the pRoGRAM They put together an Architecture/Engineering/Manufacturing/Computer Animation program that utilizes Autodesk'ssoftwaresuchasAutoCAD,Revit, Inventorand3DStudioMaxaswellasa couple other products that are not part of the Autodesk portfolio. The Corona-Norco Unified School District is very supportive of Industrial Technology programs like Engineering and Architecture. Greg Lomeli, their Curriculum and Instruction support at the districtlevel,hasbeenaninvaluablesupporterofthe program.Hefacilitatestheacquisitionofalltheexpensive hardware, software, and training necessary to runaprogressiveEngineeringandArchitectureprogram. SantiagoStudentsstartoutinacoursewrittenbyGlenand Billcalled"IntrotoEngineeringandArchitecture".Students start by sketching and board drafting, Yes, using parallel rules and triangles. Bill says, "We feel students need to physically measure utilizing decimal inch, metric, andarchitecturescalestogetabettersenseofproportion.Theyneedtobeabletolayoutdrawings, scaledrawings,projectviews,andletteraccording to industry standards". Santiago students make blueprints, how very "old-school", of their drawings and, after a re- view,havetheopportunitytomakerevisionsiftheyarenotupto industrystandards. Theirgoalistoguideandifnecessarychangethemindsetoftheir studentssotheyunderstandthatdrawingsmustbecorrect,not closetocorrect.Ifachangehastobemade,theymakeit!Intheir firstquarterstudentsdonottouchthecomputer,theyarelearning thephysicalsideofthingsasmentionedbefore.StudentsstartAutoCADtrainingduringtheir2ndquarter.TheyutilizeAutoCAD todrawmechanicalobjectsutilizingorthographicprojectionand dimension their work using ANSI standards. During their 3rd quartertheyutilizeAutoCADtocreateasetofconstructiondrawings.Thestudentsaregivenadesignproblem,asmallresidential program,tosolveandcreatetheConstructionDocuments.During their4thquartertheyutilizeAutoCAD and SketchUP to create 3D models, both a r c h i t e c t u r a l and mechanical. Students comingoutofthisfirst class have a decent skill-set and are ready for the next step(s) in the curriculum. Students that are interested in pursuing Architecture as a career take Bill Brown's www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 feature focus Revit Architecture ArchitectureDesignclasses.Revitisusedtocreatetheworking drawingsforstudentdesignedwork.Studentsget180-360hours ofRevittrainingandpracticethroughthe1-2yearstheyspendin theArchitectureDesignclasses. 25"architectureclassatRCC-NorcoisnowaRevittrainingclass. Billiscurrentlyteachingtheclass,buthopestoturntheclassover toaRevitprofessionalnextFall. inspiRAtion AnD AChieveMent Six years ago Bill saw a Revit 5.1 workshop at SantaBarbaraCityCollege and felt it was the future. A month later, ADTwasgonefromhis program and Revit was implemented.Sincethen some students that have been part of this Architecture design program havewonthelast5CaliforniaSkillsUSA/VICA . state championships in Architecture and have been in the top 8 in the nationforthelast3years inarow.Studentsinthisprogramhaveworkedrightoutofhigh school for Revit-using companies such as Friedmutter Group, WLCArchitectsandHMCArchitectsjusttonameafew.Students attend AUGI Revit User Groups in Rancho Cucamonga andIrvinetonetworkwithprofessionalsandlearnthelatestRevittrends. A stAte GRAnt Bill recently won a state grant to provide training to teachers, fromthemiddleandhighschoollevelstothecommunitycollege anduniversitylevels,inCaliforniatoproperlyuseRevitsoftware through 14 monthly workshops. Professional Revit users are currently teaching teachers how to use Revit at Santiago High SchoolonceamonthonaSaturdayfrom8-4.Billrecruitedsome reallyknowledgeableRevitusersfromavarietyoflocalfirmsand consulting organizations to teach each session. The workshop topicsincludeSchedules,Families,Massing,Site work,Structural,Constructiondocumentsand details, Central files and Work sharing, Graphics, Materials and Rendering, Integratingothersoftwareprograms into Revit, and Curtain Walls/ Storefronts.Thebestpartisthe workshops are FREE to the teachers!Thegrantalsopaid forsoftwaretobeginimplementationofRevittraining at Riverside Community College (RCC). The "ARE ..."we feel students need to physically measure utilizing decimal inch, metric, and architecture scales to get a better sense of proportion ... enGineeRinG too! SantiagostudentsalsohaveanexcellentpathwayinEngineering. GlenStevensontakesthemfromtheIntrotoEngineeringclasstoanadvanced CAD class that utilizes Autodesk Inventor to design or reverse engineer and draw parts to industry standards. They also study Design Manufacturing where students use Inventor along withMasterCAMsoftwaretoproduce partsutilizingCNC(computernumerically controlled) technology. Santiago students entering Engineering schools haveabigadvantageinthattheyknow how to graphically communicate their design ideas (with current technology) to industry standards before they step footonacollegecampus. the FutuRe Santiago'sArchitectureandEngineeringprogramisalwayslookingforpotentialemployersofitsgraduatingstudents,aswellas tofindexcellentguestspeakers.Theirfundamentalgoalistopreparetheirstudentsforrealwork.Theystronglyencouragetheir studentstopursuesummerinternshipswhiletheyareincollege to gain "real-world" knowledge that will enhance their college experience,andbetterpreparethemtobeproductiveemployees immediatelyaftercollege.ForBillandGlen,theirbeliefandeffort in this program has provided some of the most rewarding momentsoftheircareers. Ifyou'dlikemoreinformationabouttheirprogramyoucanreach themviaemail: BillBrown:firstname.lastname@example.org GlenStevenson:email@example.com This article was prepared/edited by Steve Stafford from documents provided to AUGI AEC Edge by Bill Brown. spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com department by: Stephen Stafford inside track the latest autodesk aec related information! FeAtuReD iteM - AutoDesk lABs web address: http://labs.autodesk.com/ A little bit about them in their own words: "Autodesk Labs is home to innovative new technologies and collaborative development. Its mission is to involve you, the customer, in the progress of design technology solutions. We're not a beta program (although Autodesk does have an active beta community), or a usability team, because the technology we work with is too new to be a product. The user feedback that you provide to Labs is really on product ideas, while they're still in an early conceptual stage. The best way to learn about Autodesk Labs is to start experimenting yourself." You can use this address to visit their "About" page: http://labs.autodesk. com/about/ Therearetworecent additionsspecificallyfocusedonRevitproducts;Revit STLExporterandRDBLinkToolforRevit. We'llgiveyoutheinformationyouneedhereto findthemthere. Revit STL Exporter PostedonApril4,2009 BlogPosttitle:Revit STL Exporter now in the labs webaddress:http://labs.autodesk.com/ utilities/revit_stl/ What does it do? "It is a proof of concept tool that is intended to be used with the Revit 2010 products. They write, "It is designed to take a 3D Revit building information model and create an STL file that can be used for 3D Printing. We invite you to take it for a spin and see what you think. We look forward to hearing your feedback". www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 department inside track RDB Link Tool for Revit - Posted on May 7, 2009 BlogPostTitle:RDBLinkforRevitFamilyNoAvailableon AutodeskLabs webaddress:http://labs.blogs.com/ its_alive_in_the_lab/2009/05/rdb-link-for-revit-family-nowavailable-on-autodesk-labs.html What does it do? Quoted from the Lab's overview:"The RDBLink tool allows the user to export data from the elements in a Revit project and maintain relationships against data that exists outside of Revit. The tool allows for both import and export of the project data and will allow the user to make changes on the database side that affect the data within the project once imported. Also, during subsequent exports of the data to the same database, only data from the project will be affected, so any new fields or tables added to the database for your own purposes will remain intact along-side the newly exported data. The RDBLink import tool provides a grid view of the data to allow the user to make any final edits before import. This grid control also allows the user to create Revit Shared Parameters which will add new fields for those parameters to the database in the related tables. Changes to these new fields within the database will update these Revit Shared Parameters upon future imports." Buildz http://buildz.blogspot.com ThisblogisnotsanctionedbyAutodeskbutbelongstoZach Kron,anarchitecturaldesignerandsoftwareanalystwith Autodesk.Usingthetagline"PracticalNotesonMaking ImpracticalThings"Zachhasbeenpostingveryinterestingexamplesof"impractical"thingsthat hehasmadewhile"proofing"or "testing"thenewmassingcapabilitiesofRevit2010. Beyond the Paper http://blogs.autodesk.com/beyond_the_paper Usingthetagline"Advocating advancedtechnologiesforbringingdesign,review,virtualization, andsimulationinenvironments" authorVolkerJosephsharesinformationregardingtheNavisworks productlineandAutodeskDesignReview/DWF. ...the user feedback that you provide to labs is really on product ideas, while they're still in an early conceptual stage... estABlisheD: BIM & BEAM http://blogs.autodesk.com/bimandbeam Usingthetaglineofsimply"BimandBeam"authorsNicolas Mangon,WaiChuandTomCulottacontributepoststhat supporttheRevitStructureproduct.TipsandTricksaswellas recentfeatureupdatesorextensionsarefrequentitems. Inside the System http://blogs.autodesk.com/inside-the-system Usingthetagline"TheMEPBIM.Sustainability.NewTechnology"authorKyleBernhardtsetthestandardforAutodesk RevitbloggerswithhisinitialeffortssupportingtheMEP product.Hisfrequentinsightfulpostswithsupportingshort videoshaveyettobeoutdonebyanyotherAutodeskblogger. KylewasformerlytheProductManagerforRevitMEPand hasmorerecentlytakenanewrolesupportingtheproducts thatfocusonsustainabledesignlikeEcotectandGreenBuildingStudioinadditiontoRevitMEPusingabroadertitleof IndustryProductManager It's Alive in the Lab http://blogs.autodesk.com/labs Usingthetagline"It'sAliveintheLab"authorScottSheppard asbeenevenmoreprolificthanJeremyorKylewithhisnearly twoormorepostsadayhabit.Indicative,webelieve,ofthe nearlyoverwhelmingnumberofthingstheyareworkingon"In thelabs". Information Compiled from the Autodesk web site: www.autodesk.com by Steve Stafford AutoDesk BloGGinG: Revit AnD BiM ReCent ADDitions: The Revit Clinic http://revitclinic.typepad.com Usingthetagline"PreventativeandRehabilitativeBIMCare" authorsHarlanBrumm,KathrynPoulos,RyanDuelland JeremySmithcontributepoststhatdealwithissuesreportedto themintheirrolesintechnicalsupportaswellastipstoavoida triptotheclinicinthefirstplace. The Building Coder http://blogs.autodesk.com/thebuildingcoder Usingthetagline"BloggingabouttheRevitAPI"authorJeremy Tammikhasbeenprolificintheinformativepostsaboutusing theAPIthathasbeensteadilyincreasingwhatispossible. Inside the Factory http://blogs.autodesk.com/insidethefactory Usingthetagline"DesigningtheRevituserexperience"authors TomVollaro,ErikEgbertson,TsvetanTsvetanovandLilli Smithshareinsiderstoriesofthemanymonthsofresearchthat wentintothe2010releasefortheRevitplatform.Theyarealso beginningtousetheblogasawaytogarneruserinput. spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 7 feature focus Revit Structure by: Tom Weir Growing Revit structure l ikeplantingayoungtreeonawarmspring day Revit implementation requires lots of nurturing in order for it to grow and bear fruitandforittobecomearobustpartofthedesignprocesswithinyourfirm. Thisarticlewillfocusonthosestepsthatweretakenbymyfirm, Brandow&JohnstonStructural&CivilEngineerstoaccomplish this goal. We are five years into our implementation of Revit Structureandnowallsignificantnewprojectsaredevelopedusing BIMtechniques.Wehavecompletedover200buildingsinareal productionsettinginthepastfouryears.Projectshaveincluded suchprojectsasmulit-building schoolcampuses,churches,and mid-riseofficebuildings.Wehaveworkedwithprojectsthatuse steel,masonryandwoodastheirprimarymaterial. When Autodesk bought Revit we were already searching for a productthatwouldmoveusintothe3Ddesignworld.2DCAD reached a peak with Autocad R14, the best 2D CAD release ever.Themarchtoward3Ddesignthenbeganforusinearnest. Thevenerablethirdpartyadd-onSoftdeskStructuralhadbeen boughtanddeadendedbyAutodesksowewerelookingforareplacement.WestartedtryingtoimplementADT3.3butaftera year-and-a-halfrealizeditwasaverypoorproduct.Atthatpoint Revit was bought by Autodesk and we realized now that they hadtwocompetingproductsintheAutodesklineup.Seeingthe implications for the future we dumped ADT and immediately jumpedontheRevitbandwagon. So what strategy did we use to implement Revit? Basically we keptour2DAutocadprocessgoingthenstartedasecondparallel processinwhichweincreasinglyusedRevit.Ididtheon-board tutorialsandstartedmyfirstprojectinproductioneightweeks later, a large parking structure. I picked the parking structure becauseIreasonedthatthoughitwaslargeithadaminimumof objectsthatwouldneedtobemodeled;suchthingsasconcrete columns,PTbeams,andshearwalls.Nothingtoocomplicated aboutthem.Ihaveseenotherfirmsstartwithprojectslikealarge medicalcenter.Notsuchagoodideaforafirstproject. Figure 1: Steel dome structure on a large church project InnovationiscrucialthesedaysintheAECfieldasthetechnology weusesorapidlychangesandevolves.Wegetthat!Webelieve thatweenhanceourcompetitiveadvantagethroughouradoption of the building information modeling process. Of paramount importancetooureffortistoincreaseourresponsivenesstoour clientsbybettercommunicatingourstructuraldesignintentand anticipating design problems early on during the course of the projectthroughthebuildingofthevirtualmodel. While the virtual model is a tremendous visualization tool we cannotaffordtobuilda3Dmodelaloneforonlythatpurpose. WithRevitwekilltwobirdswithonestoneandderiveboththe visualization benefits and the construction documents at the sametimeandforthesamecost. Figure 2: Our first project was this large parking structure. Think of how many objects need to be modeled WestartedbyonlydoingaportionoftheprojectinRevit.Thisis agoodstrategytofollow.Youcanfairlyeasilydostructuralplans andelevationssowestartedthere.TypicaldetailsandothersectionsweredoneinAutocad.Thisenabledustokeepusingallof ourresourcesasefficientlyaspossible.Whileasmallgroupof spring_2009 8 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge feature focus Revit Structure enthusiasticReviteersworkedonRevitotherscouldstillbeusing AutocadastheygotuptospeedwithRevit.Thenonthenext projectwegotalittlefurtherwiththeuseofRevit.Slowlyoverfour yearswemanagedtocompletelytransformourin-houseprocesses. Thatmaximizedtheuseofstaffandsoftwarelicensesaswetransitionedfromonetechnologytoitssuccessor.Westayedonthistack forseveralyearsuntilallaspectsofaprojectcouldbecompleted usingRevitStructure.BythenourwholestaffhadlearnedRevit tosomedegree.Iwilladmitthatwehavenotgottentoofarinthe useoftheanalyticalmodel.Wehadtoomanyproblemswiththe integrationlinksandfewengineerslearningenoughRevittogetit towork. yourproblems.Forthatreasonwetrytotaskourassignmentsto eachpersonaccordingtotheirlevelofunderstanding.Someone canbeaddingbeamtagsintoamodelandinthatwaybecomemore comfortableintheRevitmodelingenvironmentwhilenothaving toberesponsibleforthewholeproject. Wealsohavetofocusalotofattentiononhowmuchtomodel. WhenwestartedusingRevittheextentofourmodelbuilding reflectedthescopeofourcontract.Wewerebasicallycreating theconstructiondocuments.Onehastobeverycarefulnotto modelmorethannecessaryasitiseasytogetcarriedawayand blowyourfeerightoutofthewindow. Astheyearspassedwestartedtolookbeyondsimplyproducing documentstoprovidingaBIMsolutionforthejob.Weemphasizethattheintegrityofthemodelmustbemaintainedinorder foratrueBIMsolution.Itiseasytogetintoatimecrunchand startfakingthingsin2Djusttogetyourjobout.Buttheproblem isthemoreyoufakemodelingthelessintegritythemodelwill have.Sowhenyoustartdoingclashdetection,ifyouareworking withanarchitectwhoisalsomodeling,orsupplyingthemodelto adownstreampartnerliketheconstructionteamyoudonothave anaccuratemodel. Figure 3: Retrofit of NBC Universal's famous Stage #1 was done 100% in Revit Structure for the new Tonight Show Start the project in Revit, partially or not, and if all hell breaks loose,forwhateverreason,simplyexportthewholeprojecttoAutocadandcompleteitthere.Thatisagreatreliefvalveforstressed outdesignteamswhoarestrugglingtotransitiontoBIMbutalso mustadheretoprojectdeadlines.Asfarasweareconcernedprojectdeadlinesalwaystrumpsoftwareimplementation. RememberthatRevitisnotlikeAutocad.When2DCADwas first implemented in the 1980's it was a direct transfer of hand draftingtechniquestocomputeraideddraftingtechniques.That isbasicallyalinearevolutionwhilethetransitiontoRevitfrom2D CADisaquantumleap.Ialwaysdiscouragepeoplefromthinking, "IdiditthiswayinAutocad,nowhowcanIdoitthatsamewayin Revit?"Don'tgothere!Thetechniquesaresosignificantlydifferentthatyouwillundoubtedlyproducebadresults. Wedecidedtousea5yearimplementationprocessthatwouldtake ustothepointwherewewouldbeprovidingafullBIMsolution toourclients.Thatwouldalsoallowourstafftimetotransition tothisnewwayofworking.Wefirststartedtrainingthosewho were enthusiastic, who had some modeling sense, and who had "Stickwithitness"inordertoworkthroughthefrustratinganddifficultdevelopmentthatisrequired.Ourtrainingwasdonealmost entirelyin-house.Wehaveweeklytrainingsessionsthatfocuson issuesfromthepreviousweek.Whiletrainingisimportantpeople tendtoneedtobeinarealproductionsettingtocementtheirlearning.Traininghasnonecessitytoit.Inrealproductionyoudon'tgo homeuntilthedeadlineismetsoyouarehighlymotivatedtosolve spring_2009 Figure 4: An entire high school campus with seven buildings InsummarythisisanexcitingtimeintheAECfield.Theintroductionofbuildinginformationmodelingisdrasticallychanging thewaywedoourwork.AtBrandow&Johnstonwebelievewe arebetterabletoanticipatedesignproblemswhenwecreateour virtualmodel,aswellasbettercoordinatewithourarchitectand otherdesignteammembers.Wealsoareabletohelpownersbettervisualizetheirproject.Forusthereisnoturningbacktothe oldwaysofworking.Ifyouhavenotdonessoyetitisalsotimefor youtomakeyourmovetothefuture. Tom is Associate Principal and Director of BIM & CAD Operations at Brandow & Johnston Inc., a structural and civil engineering consulting firm, where he has worked for the past 28 years. An early adopter and enthusiast of Revit modeling software, he is the founder and co-president of the Los Angeles Revit Users Group. Tom wrote the first AOTC Revit Structure Essentials manual for Autodesk, is a moderator on the AUGI Revit Structure forum, and has taught at Autodesk University for the past four years. He is a frequent speaker and is co-author of Mastering Revit Structure 2009 published by Wiley Publishing. www.AUGIaecedge.com feature focus Revit Structure by: Elizabeth Shulok integrating Analysis programs with Revit structure f you have ever exported a Revit� Structure model to an analysis program, youmayhave wondered how all of your building data is transferredfromoneapplicationtoanother.Or perhapsmorelikely,youmayhavewonderedwhy it wasn't all transferred correctly on the first attempt! It's just beamsandcolumns,sowhyisexportingsuchaproblem? IntegratinganalysisproductswithRevitStructurepresentsmany interestingchallenges.Thelevelofcomplexity dependsgreatly on how different an analysis program is from Revit Structure. However,therearemanycommonissuesthatallanalysislinks mustaddress.Asasoftwaredeveloperwhoworkedonthelink betweenRevitStructureandtheRAMStructuralSystemTM, andiscurrentlyworkingonalinkbetweenRevitStructureand Bentley Systems' STAAD.Pro�, I know first-hand the types of challengesfacedbysomeoneattemptingtolinkRevitStructure withananalysispackage.Let'sexaminejustafewofthem. i andwhichweremerelyaccommodationsforanalysisandshould beignored. ChAnGe MAnAGeMent Another important issue when developing a bi-directional link betweenRevitStructureandananalysisprogramishowtoidentifyandmanagechangestothestructure. Thekeytomanagingchangeistosomehowmaintainalinkbetweencorrespondingelementsofthetwoprograms.Identifying correspondingelementsonexportisfairlystraightforward,even inthecaseofmulti-storycolumnsorcurvedbeams,whereone Revit element may correspond to multiple analytical elements. The challenge is storing this information so it can be retrieved whentheRevitmodelisupdatedfromtheanalysismodel. Revit provides a mechanism for storing data with certain elementsviaaSharedParametersfile.Sincemostanalysisprograms havesomekindofuniqueidentifierforelements,thatvaluecan bestoredwiththecorrespondingRevitelement.Thevaluecanbe seenintheElementPropertieswindow,andcanbeaccessedprogrammaticallywhenimportingchangesfromtheanalysismodel. vARiAtions in sCope Notwostructuralmodelingprogramshandlethesamescopeof structures.Invariably,whenexportingfromRevit,therewillbe somemodelingconditionintheRevitStructuremodelthatcannot be modeled in the analysis program. A good analysis link mustbeabletoanticipateandaddresssuchlimitations. For example, the Revit Structure model may have multi-story columns,wallswithmorethan4nodes,orcurvedbeams�situations which invariably cannot be handled by the one analysis programyoudependon.Typicallytheanalysisprogramhassome waytoapproximatethoseconditionscloselyenoughforanalysis purposes,butthismayrequirespecialmodelingmethods.How thenshouldtheseconditionsbehandledonexport? Oneless-than-idealoptionistosimplyignoremembersthatcannotbeexported"as-is"totheanalysisprogram.Andwhenthere isnogoodwaytoapproximatetheconditionintheanalysisprogram,thismaybetheonlyoption. If, however, the developer can anticipate the way the engineer wouldmostlikelymodeltheconditionintheanalysisprogram, the data can be automatically adjusted on export. Multi-story columnsarebrokenateachlevel,aboundingrectanglereplaces a wall polygon with more than four nodes, and a curved beam isconvertedintoaseriesofbeamsegments.Ofcourse,changing the data to accommodate the analysis program presents its ownchallenges.Wenowneedtoconsiderwhichchangeswere intentionallymadeandshouldbesentbacktotheRevitmodel 0 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 feature focus Revit Structure Unfortunately,therearesomelimitationstosharedparameters. Whiletheyworkfineforelementssuchasbeams,columns,and braces,theycannotbeassignedtoallcategoriesofelements,such asmaterials,types(i.e.sectionprofiles),orgrids.Thislimitation makesit morechallengingtokeeptrack oftheseitems in abidirectionallink. thatthedouble-anglesectionsinRevitarelimitedtoafixednumberofspacingvalues(0",3/8",or3/4"),imaginethefuntryingto mapdouble-anglesectionsfromananalysisprogramthatallows theengineertoenteranydecimalvalueforthespacing. Concrete sections provide their own fun. Remember that we cannot store the analysis program's unique ID for a concrete section with the Revit type, so wemustfindanotherwaytodetermine if an element's size has been changed by the analysis program. An obvious solution forconcretesectionsistousethe nameasanidentifier.Sincethey donothavestandardnameslike steelsections,wecansimplypass theRevitnameforthesectionto ouranalysisprogramandassume ifthenamevariesonimport,the sizehaschanged. However,whatiftheengineerchangedthenameofthesectionin ordertocomplywithcompanystandards,withoutchangingthe actualdimensions?OrconsiderSTAAD.Pro,whichnamesprismatic sections automatically based on dimensions, rather than allowinganametobespecified.Inthiscase,wemustresortto comparingdimensionsoftheconcretesectionsinordertoidentifyachange,orwesimplyupdateeveryconcretememberinthe Revitmodel. Thesearejustafewofthemanyissuesananalysislinkmustanticipateandaddress.Asyoucanseefromthisshortintroduction, thereareavarietyofcomplicationsunderlyingwhatmay,atfirst glance, appear to be a simple data exchange. The difference of methodologiesandnomenclaturesmaypresentchallengesforintegration,buttheabilitytoleveragebestofbreedmodelingand analysistoolsisusuallywellworththeeffort. Elizabeth Shulok is the founder and President of Structural Integrators, LLC, a software company based in Southern California that provides integration tools for the structural engineering industry. Prior to starting Structural Integrators in 2007, she spent nearly 9 years as a software engineer at RAM International and Bentley Systems, specializing in interoperability issues. She has worked extensively with the Revit API over the last 4 years. She can be reached atShulok@structuralintegrators.com. seCtion pRoFiles Now that we have examined two high level concerns of integrating an analysis program withRevitStructure,let'slook at just the issues dealing with sectionprofiles.Althoughthis seemslikeitwouldbeoneofthe most straightforward parts of theprocess,itcanbethemost time-consumingtoaddress. Just considering the standard AISC steel sections, one program might use a fractional valueinthenameofasection(i.e.HSS20X12X5/8)whileanotherusesadecimalnamingconvention(i.e.HSS20X12X.625). Thisisasimpleexamplethatcanbeovercomewitheitherautomatic name conversions or text files that map one name to the other. However,doubleangles,oratleastAmericandoubleangles,are morecomplicated.Inadditiontoastandardnameforthesingle angleused,therearetwootherpiecesofinformationassociated withdoubleangles:thespacingbetweenthemandwhetherthe longorshortlegsoftheanglesareback-to-back. ... why it wasn't all transferred correctly on the first attempt! it's just beams and columns, so why is exporting such a problem?... TheAISCshapesdatabaselistsdoubleangleswithallthisinformationencapsulatedinthename:a`2'atthestartofthenameto denotethatitisadoubleangle;thenthesingleanglename;the spacing,ifany,isdenotednext;andfinally,forangleswithlegsof unequallength,either`LLBB'or`SLBB'isappendedtotheend. AlthoughRevitfollowstheAISCconvention,analysisprograms varyintheiruseofnomenclature.ThetwoIhaveworkedwith allowtheengineertoseparatelyspecifytheangleprofile,whether shortorlonglegsareback-to-back,andthespacing.Considering spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 1 feature focus Revit Structure by: Jamie Richardson Revit Ready - looking Back How it all started am Jamie Richardson, the CAD/BIM manThe biggest obstacle that needed to be hurdledduring the first ager at Ericksen Roed & Associates where I fewmonthswasfullyobtainingExecutiveManagementBuy-into have workedfor almost13years now. I have usingRevitStructureonourprojects.Yes,wehadpurchasedthe alwayshadaninterestinCADrelatedprograms software, but how does using this software change our current andespeciallyliketheproblemsolvingthatcan work flows or how much information should we be modelgoalongwithusingthem.Infact,Iamthatguy ing?Weneededtodiscussthesethingswithotherdesignteam that solves a Revit related problem today, than dreams about members during the contract stage of these projects with the it that night tocomeback the next day with 3or4 more soluunderstanding of what software package we would be using to tionsthatarebetterthantheoneIhadthedaybefore.Iknow... produceconstructiondocuments.Ialsosoonrealizedthatvery mywifetellsmeeveryday.HowdoI fewpeopleoutsideofthedesignteamswere makeitstop?Anyways,Iwouldliketo trulythinkingaboutRevitandsomeactu... if an answer can't be allythoughtitwascalledsomethingafrog brieflytellourstoryabouthowwegot startedusingRevitStructureatErickwould say "Rivit". I also realized that the found, move forward senRoed. knowledge a typical user needs to know is much different than the knowledge of an with what makes the EveryfirmlookingtoimplementRevit executive. I quickly continued to educate hopefullyhastheopportunitytohave myself to further understand the capabilimost sense... atleastoneindividualthathaspassion tiesofthesoftwareaswellasdeterminehow forthesoftware.Someonewhodoesn't itwouldfitintoourexistingenvironment. sit back and wait to be told how the software is going to work or what it Todothis,Iwasmodelingmycurrentprojtakestorollitouttousers,butsomeonewhowilldigin,findthe ectsusingRevitStructureoverlunchandafterhoursinaddition answersand,ifananswercan'tbefound,moveforwardwithwhat toworkingontheminAutoCADforproduction.Thiswasnot makesthemostsensefromsearchingthroughresourcesavailable onlyanexcellentwayofselfteaching,butitallowedmetoadd tothem.Inourcase,thisindividualhappenedtobeme.Without 3D views to enhance current projects that were being done in atleastoneuserlikethis,itcanbedifficulttokeepupwiththe AutoCAD.Itisamazinghowmuchhypewasbuiltupwiththose everchangingcapabilitiesofthesoftwareaswellasthenewwork reviewing the documents when they started seeing these views flowscreatedthatneedtobedifferentfromwhen2DCADsoftshowingupinourset.Weactuallyreceivedcallsfromcontractors warepackagesareused. tellingushowmuchtheylikedseeinga3Dviewforacomplicated areaofthebuilding. Our Revit Structure implementation started about 4 years ago whenIreceivedapostcardinmymailboxannouncingthefirst Strong efforts were made to contact our clients and those who release of Revit Structure. From that point on, things moved wereinchargeoftheirRevitimplementationtohelpusgetagood forwardratherquickly.ThefirstthingIdidwasgatherupthe understandingofhowtheywereusingRevitinproductionand executivesofthefirmalongwithsomeofourpowerusersfrom howwecouldcollaboratetogetheronprojects.Networkinglike boththeengineeranddraftingsideandarrangedanonsitedemo thiswithourclientsallowedustoeducatethemaboutwherewe toshowthemwhatthebenefitsofusingthesoftwarecoulddofor werewithimplementingRevitStructureaswellasshowthemthe us.Afterthisdemo,wewereconvincedenoughtobuytwoseats limitationsthatwemayhavemodelingcertainstructuralsystems. ofRevitStructure.Theonlythingwehadtodothenwasfindthe WithmostofourArchitecturalclientsstartingtouseRevit,we timetouseit.Atthetimewereallydidnothavethemanpower prettymuchdoverightintoworkingonprojectswithuserslearntoswitchovernordidwehavethetimetotrain,andofcourse ingastheygo.TypicallyanarchitectwillstartoutwithoneRevit westillwerenotquitesurewhatweweregettingourselvesinto. projectwhereweweregettingmultiplerequestsfromvariouscliWhatwedidhavewasafewofourlargerclientsmakingastrong entstodotheirprojectsinRevitStructure.Wedefinitelyhadto commitmenttoswitchfromArchitecturalDesktoptoRevitArbeselectiveinchoosingwhichprojectsmademoresensetomodel chitecture. This was probably one of our biggest motivators to withthecurrentcapabilitiesofthesoftware. continueonwithoureffortstoimplementRevitStructureinto ourenvironment.Ifwedidn't,thenweknewthatwecouldpotenAs I was educating myself, I tried to educate everybody else. I tiallyloseprojectstothosethatwereusingRevitStructure. made my best attempt at taking everything that I learned and shareditwiththosearoundme.TwiceaweekIhadlittleRevit ShowandTellsessionsinthelunchroomwhereIwouldshow www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 i feature focus Revit Structure thosethatchosetoattendwhatwasgoingon.IshowedthestructuralmodelsthatIcreatedandwalkedthroughhoweasyitwasto createschedulestoshowinformationfromthemodel.Thisreally gotalotofattentionandslowlycreatedmoreinterestthroughout the office as well as started to spread the conversations outside theofficetoourclients.Withallthisconstantactivityoftalking about Revit Structure it was easy to see who were going to be ourRevitpowerusers.Thosewhocontinuallyshowedupforour Revitdiscussionsorthosewhocontinuallyaskedquestions,was agoodindicationthattheyhadaninterestaboutbeingpartofthe firstwaveofuserstolearnandhelpimplementRevitStructure. the Revit ReADy plAn After these few months of working on Revit and actually havingaprojectalmostcompleted,wefoundthatwewereproducing projectsinRevitStructurebutdidn'tquiteknowwherewewere goingwithitall.Whatwouldbeournextsteps?Wefeltthatwe wereeducatedenoughtostartworkingonmoreprojects,butwe wouldneedmorepeopleinvolved.Upuntilnowmostofthetime involving education was either while working on a live project, overlunch,atnight,oronweekends.Weneededtogetaplanin placewhichwouldallownewuserstogetinvolvedandnotexpect themtoworkextrahourstolearnitall.Wealsoneededtomake surethat,asacompany,alloftheexecutivesandemployeesunderstoodwhatourplanwassoastheytalkedaboutRevitwith outsideclientstheywereeducatedenoughtohavetheconversationsandletthemknowwhatourplanswere.Thisiswhenwe decidedtoputinplacethe"RevitReadyPlan".Thisplanbasically stated byJanuary1,2007, Ericksen Roed&Associateswillbe readytoproduceasmuchworkinAutodeskRevitStructureas ourclients'request.Thiswasourfirstbigcommitmentinsaying thatwewoulduseRevitStructureinlieuofAutoCAD.ARevit projectwouldbe100%Revit,theuseofAutoCADwouldnotbe acceptablenorwoulditbeasafetynettofallbackon.Wewould makeitwork.Wealsodevelopedthe"RoadmaptoRevitPlan"to helplayoutourinitialplansforimplementationandleteveryone inthecompanyknowthedirectionwewereheadingandwhy.We highlighted things that we thought we needed to focus on and outlinedabasicmethodfortraining.Theseplansallowedusto haveaclearpaththateveryoneunderstoodaswellasasetgoal forustoachieve. WoRDs oF ADviCe Iwouldliketoshareafewwordsofadvicethatweusedalongthe wayasweprogressedthroughoutimplementation. spring_2009 � Communicateinternally,communicateexternallyandkeep thecommunicationongoing.TheuseofRevitonaprojectis stillnewtoeverybodyandthenewworkflowsinvolvedneed tobecommunicated. � Findyourkeypeoplethathavethemotivatinginterestand putthematthetopofthepyramidwheretheywillprepare andenforceyourstandards.Ourpyramidstartedoutwith me,wehave2to3userswhoarenowsophisticatedenough withRevitwheretheyareourgotopeopleforothersjoining theteam. � We started out with what I call Baby Steps; we only did whatwefeltwewerecapableofdoingatthetimeandstayed withinthelimitationsofthesoftware.Ineverreallysetout onthisjourneywiththeideathatwehadtooutdothenext guy.MymaingoalswerethatIwantedeveryRevitprojectto beagreatexperienceforeveryoneinvolvedthroughoutthe constructionteam,westillneededtoissueagoodsetofconstructiondocumentsonpaperandIwantedthemotivation levelofthoseinvolvedattheirhighest. WheRe ARe We noW? Alothashappenedsincethatinitialyearofgettingupandrunning,todaywearemovingfullsteamahead.Wehavedefinitely reach the point where we no longer ask "should we do this in Revit Structure?" rather we say "why would we not do this in RevitStructure?".Notcountingamultitudeofmarketing/preproduction projects, our now dozen users are in the process of completingour38thprojectproduced100%inRevitStructure. Wearecontinuallyadaptingtotheeverchangingworkflowand are putting more and more information into our models. Our client relationships are getting stronger and our collaboration workflowsarebecomingmoreefficient.Ibelievethatabigpartof oursuccessfulimplementationisthatourexecutivemanagement didn'tshyawayfromthisthingcalled"Revit"4yearsago.They jumpedonboardimmediatelyandhavesupportediteversince. Jamie D. Richardson is a CAD\BIM Manager at Ericksen Roed & Associates, a Structural Engineering firm based in Saint Paul, MN. Jamie has been instrumental in the rollout of several versions of AutoCAD as well as the implementation of Revit Structure. He has been an avid speaker on Revit Structure at Autodesk University and is a coauthor of the books Mastering Revit Structure 2009 and 2010. www.AUGIaecedge.com 3 department by: Stephen Stafford head's up heAD's up! recent known issues and Problems documented by autodesk and augi members hot issues ReMinDeRs Source - Autodesk Revit Architecture Service & Support WebAddress:http://usa.autodesk.com/adsk/servlet/ps/index?s iteID=123112&id=2956546&linkID=9243099 pRoDuCt keys FoR AutoDesk Revit pRoDuCts Issue: You want to know what the product key for your Autodesk�Revit�2010-basedproductis Solution: Revit2010-basedProductKeys: � 240B1-RevitArchitecture2010 � 241B1-AutoCADRevitArchitectureSuite2010 � 595B1 - AutoCAD Revit Architecture Visualization Suite2010 � 255B1-RevitStructure2010 � 256B1-AutoCADRevitStructureSuite2010 � 297B1-RevitMEP2010 � 257B1-AutoCADRevitMEPSuite2010 � 589B1-AutodeskRevitMEP-B2010 sWitChinG to pRe-2010, oR "ClAssiC" useR inteRFACe Issue:Youwanttoknowifyoucanswitchyouruserinterface backtothepre-2010userinterface. Solution:Thereisnowaytoswitchyouruserinterfacebacktothe userinterfaceusedinpre-2010Revitproducts. www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 department head's up unABle to FinD CoMMAnD on RiBBon in AutoDesk Revit 2010 BAseD pRoDuCts Issue:YouwanttoknowwhereRevit2009menucommandsare locatedonthenewRevit2010ribbons. Solution:ThereisaspecialguideinRevit2010-basedproducts tohelpshowyouwheretoolsinthe2010userinterfacearelocatedcomparedtopreviousversionsofRevitproducts.Toaccess thistool,clickthearrownexttothequestionmarkbuttoninthe upper-rightcornerofthescreenandselecttheWhereismyCommandoption. LARGE DWG IMPORTS (PRESENT IN PREVIOUS RELEASES AND STILL IN 2010) �DWGimportswithentitiesfurtherthantwomilesapart(afterscaling)maycauseaccuracyissuesandarenotallowed. VerylargeDWGimportsshouldbesubdividedintosmaller files. �DWGimportswithcoordinates(beforescaling)longerthan tendigitsmaybetruncatedtozeroandbecomecorrupted. AUTOMATIC JOIN GEOMETRy (PRESENT IN PREVIOUS RELEASES AND STILL IN 2010) ResettinG the Revit ARChiteCtuRe 2010 useR inteRFACe Issue:YouwouldliketoresettheAutodesk�Revit�Architecture 2010userinterface(i.e.theRibbon,QuickAccessToolbar,and ProjectBrowser)backtotheout-of-the-boxversionandremove anycustomizationthathasbeenapplied. Solution: Download a script to automate the repair from this address: http://images.autodesk.com/adsk/files/autodesk_revit_architecture_ui_reset.vbs Youcandothisyourselfaswell,visitthisaddressfortheexplicit instructions: http://usa.autodesk.com/adsk/servlet/ps/item?siteID=123112& id=13126319&linkID=9243099 �Hierarchaljoiningrulesbetweenelementcategoriescannot bechanged.e.g.SlabsalwayscutcolumnswhentheJoinGeometrycommandisused. �AutomaticJoinGeometrydoesnotoccurbetweenWalland Slabcategories. � It is not possible to disable automatic Join Geometry, but joinscanbemanuallyun-joined. �Joinedgeometrymayimpactperformance. NETWORK DEPLOyMENT (PRESENT IN PREVIOUS RELEASES AND STILL IN 2010) � The deployment will fail if the computer creating the deploymenthasthesameRevitArchitectureversioncurrently installed.Youmustuninstalltheconflictingversionpriorto creatingthedeployment. OPENING REVIT ARCHITECTURE fROM A REVIT fILE ICON knoWn issues - Revit 2010 only Source - Autodesk Revit Known Issues Documentation for Revit 2010 WINDOWS VISTA OS WITHOUT SP1 INSTALLED �SomeRevitfunctionality,suchastheAltkeyandright-clickingontheRibbon,maycauseunexpectedresultsifService Pack1isnotinstalled.PleaseupgradeyourWindowsVista OStoincludeSP1. WINDOWS VISTA OS USING WINDOW AERO COLOR SCHEME �Double-clickingaRevitfileicononlyopensthelatestbuildof RevitArchitecture,ifitisthemostrecentlyinstalledversion onyourcomputer. KEyNOTING �Sometasksmaycausetheribbontoshowasablankgraphic. Hover over the blank area with your cursor to restore the ribbon. WINDOWS ExPLORER AND REVIT-BASED PRODUCT THUMBNAIL PREVIEWS � Currently, Revit Architecture supports only one keynote tablefileperproject.Userscan,however,combinemultiple keynotestandardsintothissinglefile. �Currently,freeunassociatedkeynotesnotsupported,noris keynotingofdetaillines(suchasbattInsulation).Youcan, however, keynote a nearby element and move the free end leadertothedesiredlocation. UN-ENCLOSED ROOM RE-TAG �Revit-basedproductthumbnailpreviewsmaydisplayincorrectly,showingonlyasRevitfileicons,inWindowsExplorer windows. ROOM BOUNDING INSTANCE PARAMETERS (PRESENT IN PREVIOUS RELEASES AND STILL IN 2010) �Currently,ifaroomtagforanunenclosedroomisdeleted,it isnotpossibletoaddaroomtagbacktotheroomwithout firstmakingitaproperlyenclosedroom.Usearoomseparationlinetofixtheroompriortore-tagging. Editor's Note: This represents just a selection of issues that are more likely than some of the others to affect users. Please remember to visit the Autodesk Support website for the latest information on documented issues. Information Compiled from the Autodesk web site: www.autodesk.com by Steve Stafford �Currently,notallroomboundingelements(suchasin-place ceilingsandin-placefloors)haveanon/offRoomBounding parameter. spring_2009 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge feature focus Revit MEP by: Jarrod Baumann how to play nice: sharing revit Models between disciplines anyarchitecturalfirmshavebeenusing Autodesk'sBIMplatform RevitArchitectureforquitesometime.Asoflate, consulting engineering firms are joining in the BIMprocessandallpartiesinvolvedhaveakeen desireandneedtomakegooduseofeachother's3Dmodels.As alwaystakingaplungeintoanynewsoftwareplatformisnoteasy. Makingthischange,however,canbeverybeneficial! Nothing encourages the coordination phone calls like a 3D viewofaroomshowingHVACductsprotrudingintotheliving or working spaces, or sloped sanitary piping piercing a tapered girder.Solet'stalkabouthowtogetyourmodelstointeractwell witheachother,producinggood3Ddesignsandcleanconstructiondocuments. M model.Ifthearchitecturaldesignerdeletedthewall,thiswould alsodeletethe"wallbased"receptacleinthesamefashionthata windowinthewallwouldbedeleted.However,evensomeA/E firmschoosetoseparatetheirmodelsanduseaprocesssimilarto theonebelow. Workinginaconsultingengineeringfirmwillmeanreceivingthe architecturalplansfromsomeoneelse.LinkingRevitmodelsis very analogous to xref 's in AutoCAD. In AutoCAD we would receivethe.dwgfile,stripitofmostofthedata,leavingonlythe geometry we will directly reference and then link this reduced sizefilebymeansofthexrefcommand. TheprocesscanbequitesimilarwithRevit.Afterreceivingthe file,youcandeleteanyoralloftheviews,Iprefertoleavefloorplan viewsforreference,andthenpurgethefile.Allofthisispurely forreducingthefilesizeandspeedingupthesoftware.Nextyou createanewRevitprojectfile,usingatemplate,andlinkthearchitecturalfileintoyourproject.Theviewsthatweredeletedin thelink,havenoaffectonthe3Dgeometryinthemodelleavingit asthereferenceforyourRevitprojectfile.Youwouldthencreate views,insertequipment,modelandannotatewithmuchthesame workflowasthearchitecturaldesigners. Sometime later the architect and other consultants will likely wanttodothesame-linkyourmodelintotheirprojectfiles.As you know an MEP consultant's model contains only MEP objects.Itwillnotcontainwalls,floors,ceilingsandsoon.Sowhen anarchitectlinkstheMEPmodelonlyducts,pipes,conduits, lightfixturesetc.willbeadded.Thisprocessallowseachofthe projectteammemberstocompiletheirowncopyofacomplete building model. The ability to see how all disciplines interact with your design is a tremendous benefit to our industry. The bestwecoulddobeforethis3Dworkflowwastodevelopsections in the "crucial areas". These non-interactive sections just don't compare to a parametric 3D modelwith liveviewsthatupdate automaticallyasrevisionsaremade. When there are revisions we all swap models again and if you arecarefulaboutreusingthesamefilenameandplacingitinthe samelocation,theupdatedlinkfilewillloaduponopeningyour project.Thisbeingtheworkflowbringsusbacktothetitleofthe article"HowtoPlayNice".Whataresomegoodmethodsforall involvedtomakeourmodelseasierforotherstouse? Figure 1: "Ductwork routed through vaulted ceiling space" First,abitofbackground.InanArchitecture/Engineeringfirm, it'spossibletohaveallthedifferentdisciplinesoperatingonthe samecomputernetworkandworkingdirectlyonthesameRevit model.Thiswouldprovidethegreatestdegreeofinteractionand coordination between the architectural designers and the variousengineeringdisciplinedesigners.Forinstance,a"wallbased" electricalreceptaclecouldbeplacedonawallora"ceilingbased" light fixture in a ceiling as soon as they exist in the common www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 feature focus Revit MEP Rules to plAy By: CoMMon oRiGin point Havingapredictablelinkingpointisessential.Sincethearchitect typically goes first, their model will have an origin (0,0,0 point)alreadyestablished.Consultantswhencreatingtheirproject file, link in the architect's building model using the "File > Import/Link>Revit..."commandandthedefaultisthe"Auto �CentertoCenter"option.ThisisapoorchoicebecauseRevitis usingacenterpointbasedonthemodeledgeometryinthelinked file and your model will have different 3D extents, making the swappingofmodelslaterunpredictable.Establishingacommon originpointbetweenallteammembersisassimpleasusingthe "Auto�OrigintoOrigin"optioninstead. If you have already been misled by the default option, you can easilyadjusttheoriginpointofyourmodeltomatchthatofthe architectsusingthe"Tools>SharedCoordinates>SpecifyCoordinatesataPoint"commandwithinRevit. Firstyouwillneedtoknowwherethatoriginisinthearchitecturalmodel.Simplyusethesamecommandwithinthearchitect's model to identify a point and do the math from there. By the way,formulti-buildingsites,keepyoureyesopenforanupcomingarticleregarding"SharedCoordinates". DeletinG oBjeCts vs. ChAnGinG types This applies to everyone creating elements that will host other elements,butprimarilytothearchitectcreatingthewalls,floors, andceilings.Whenmakingchangestothearchitecturalmodel onecommonthingtodoisdeleteanobjectandredrawit.This isentirelyreasonableforthearchitectbutcancreatemorework for your consultants. As an example, let's say you are adjusting a room layout and want to change a wall location. If you move thewallandsendyourconsultantstheupdatedmodel,thentheir facebasedlightfixturesorreceptacleswillusuallymovewithit automatically.Ifyoudeleteandredrawthewall,however,these elementswillbeorphanedandwillneedtobere-hostedtothe newwall.Thesamegoesforchangingawallorceilingtype.Select itandchangethetypeinsteadofdeletingandre-creatingit. GooD DRAFtinG/MoDelinG stAnDARDs A good case study to illustrate this would be a restroom toilet stall.Thisisusuallyafamilyinthearchitect'smodelmadeup ofseveralothernestedfamiliesandlinework.Thewatercloset isonenestedfamily,thepartitionsandgrabbarsandsoonare another,andthedisabledaccessclearanceisusuallydrawnwith symboliclines.Thevisibilityforeachoftheseitemswillneedto behandledindependentlybytheplumbingconsultant. The stall family for instance, might be of the family category "SpecialtyEquipment"whilethewaterclosetisanestedfamilyof the category "Plumbing Fixture". The plumbing consultant will typicallyneedtoshowthestallpartitionsbutwilloftenwantto turnoffvisibilityofthearchitectsplumbingfixtureandplacehis own.Thisisrequiredbecausetheplumbingconsultantisresponsible for making the detailed fixture selection and will need to schedule,annotateandconnectpipingtotheelementwithin Figure 2: Using the Origin to Origin option for linked models Thisisthebestpracticeforeveryonelinkinginanother'smodel includingthearchitectwhenreceivingtheconsultant'smodels. Figure 3: Identify / Set your model origin point spring_2009 Figure 4: Shared plumbing fixture www.AUGIaecedge.com 7 feature focus Revit MEP hisownmodel.Thislevelofinteractioncannotbeaccomplishedthrough the linked building model. So, the key to making this control possible for the consultant is to ensure that the nested plumbing fixture within thestallfamilyis"Shared".Usethe "Settings>FamilyCategoryandParameters"command. ...the architect can use the linked lighting model to produce perspective views ... sibility rests with the mechanical and lighting engineers. However, a well constructed architectural model will make the task of detailed analysis muchlessdifficult. The disabled access clearance lines will generally have to be turned off entirely in order not to obscure the pipingsysteminplanview.Theopportunityforpoordrafting standardsisshownwhenthearchitecturalreviteerdoesn'tusea singlestandardizedlinestyletorepresentsimilarsymboltypes throughoutaproject.Thismeansthattheplumbingconsultant spendsnumerousadditionalhoursfindingthespecificcategories oflinestylestoturnoffinhisconstructiondocumentviews. In practice this includes things like simple wall joins, appropriate family categories and accurately modeling buildingelementsthatarebehindthe scenes.Forinstance,unconnectedwall heights should accurately reflect intendedconstruction.Bothfullheight wallsthatextendtothestructureaboveandwallsthatstopatthe ceilingshouldbemodeledthatway. We,thecompositeprojectdesignteam,alreadyputatremendous amountofinformationintoour"BuildingInformationModel", addingabitmoreincreasesitsusefulnessexponentially. Inclosingitcanbesaidthatgoodconsistentstandardsshouldbe oldhattoallofusbutitseemswealwaysneedtobereminded whenstartingsomethingnew.It'sjustliketakinglittleJohnnyto theparkforthefirsttimeandremindinghimtoshareandplay nice. Jarrod Baumann is currently the BIM/CAD Manager for Design West Engineering, creating standards for and supporting the engineering and production staff of the mechanical, plumbing and electrical design departments. He has had much practical experience utilizing AutoCAD since 1995 and Revit MEP� since its release in 2006 on a wide variety of MEP projects in the commercial, educational, medical, and residential fields. Jarrod has led the team tasked with implementing Revit MEP for Design West Engineering as well as assisting major HVAC manufacturers with developing their Revit content for distribution. let theRe Be liGht Lightingcomponentsanddesignareanimportantaspectofany aesthetically pleasing architectural design. It should be one of our goals as cooperative BIM modelers to reduce the need for duplicateelementswithinthecompiledbuildingmodels.Inthis effortitwouldbedesirableforthelightingdesignertomodeland placelightingfixturesinlieuofthemresidinginthearchitect's model.Thismeansadditionaleffortforthelightingdesignerto createreasonablyaccurateanddetailed3Dfixturesthatalsocast light wellwithin arendered view. If this is done, the architect canusethelinkedlightingmodeltoproduceperspectiveviews, renderedorotherwise,intheirclientpresentationsandconstructiondocuments. Figure 5: Accurately modeled building elements GReen-Alysis Energy efficient construction is an important goal for everyone in our industry to pursue. BIM has the potential to make this pursuiteasier.Inordertofulfillitspotential,designersfromall disciplineswillneedtocooperateinthecreationofhighquality models for use in model based analysis. Much of that respon- 8 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 feature focus by: Damon Ranieri Revit MEP Five steps to success with Revit Mep: the reality his year our firm was able to identify a significantly sized project to apply Revit MEP,fromconceptthroughconstruction documents.Wearea300personplusintegrated AECpractice.Theteamconsistedof10membersofourMEP staff dedicated to the project. Although the experience proved challengingfortheteam,theknowledgewegleanedwasinvaluable. t consistent training is an absolute must in this working environment. ... 5400QuadCoreWorkstationswithVistaBusiness64bit,running 16Gb of RAM, and had ATI Fire GL 256MB Graphics Cards. While throwing hardware at any workflow issue is an expensivesolution,therealityistheteamwillneedthiswiggle roomiftheyaregoingtostayonschedule. Image 1: A screen shot of part of our MEP model. The key to delivering projects with this tool is mitigating the mostcripplingweaknessofRevitMEP:sluggishmodelperformance.Thisrealitymakesorbreaksthedecisiontoapplythis tool to future projects. The promise of increased productivity wasratherelusiveduringthisprocess,butwewereabletokeep the team afloat with the proper hardware, consistent training, regularmodelmaintenance,strictmodelingpractices,andstrict savingpractices. step 2: Consistent tRAininG: Consistenttrainingisanabsolutemustinthisworkingenvironment.WecontractedwithaRevitconsultantoutofRhodeIsland for a week of implementation training. This was followed by a weekofover-the-shoulderdirectprojecttrainingfromthesame consultinggroup.Duringpreliminarystudiesandschematicdesign,weofferedin-housebi-weeklytradespecificworkshops.As newhireswereaddedtotheteam,thefirmutilizedtheapplicationspecialistsfromtheITdepartmenttodeliveraweeklong in-house version of direct project training. Finally, we utilized webconferencingtodeliverone-on-onetrainingonspecifictopics asneededduringtheentiredurationoftheproject.Theamount of information needed for each team member to be successful is vast. Even power-users, who can remember all the different concepts,willneedtheirmemoriesrefreshedwhenitcomestime toperformthetaskathand. step 3: ReGulAR MoDel MAintenAnCe: Asstatedearlier,inefficientmodelingpracticesareafactoflife asafirmbeginstransitioningintothisnewapproach.Bysetting uparegularscheduleformodelmaintenancetheteamwasable tokeepahandleonsavingandregenerationtimes.Thismaintenanceinvolvedaddressingthelinkedcentralfilesfromtheother trades, the central file itself, the modeling and the size of the centralfile. linkeD CentRAl Files: Aboutmidwaythroughdesigndevelopmentitwasdecidedthat linkingdirectlytothearchitecturalmodelbecametoocumbersome.Thedesignerswerealreadyspendingafairamountoftime waiting for each other to save, if the architects were accessing step 1: pRopeR hARDWARe: Overthenextfewyears,thereisagoodchancethatusersonany RevitMEPprojectwillbenewtotheproduct,andwilllikelynot beusingthebestmodelingpractices.InaWorksharingEnabled projectthisnotonlyslowstheindividualdown,butcanhobble theentireteamwithasluggishmodel.Bythetimeourteamwas working on construction documents, they were running Dell spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com feature focus Revit MEP theircentralfile,thattimewastackedon.Thesolutionwashaving each trade save a detached copy of their central file to an isolatedlocationtwotothreetimesaweek.Thisalsomitigated thefrustrationofMEPdesignerswhoweretryingtolayoutareasthatkeptchangingwitheachSaveToCentral. circuitswerenotgoingtobemodeledbecameacrucialpartof improvingmodelperformance. CentRAl File: The model manager began coming in late on Monday so she couldbeginamaintenanceprocessonthemodelaftertheteam didtheirfinalSaveToCentralfortheday.ThisincludedacompressedSaveToCentral,PurgeAll,andSaveAsoftheproject toanewCentralFile.TheactofdoingaSaveAsonaCentral Filerewritesthedatabasewithouttheresidualdatafromdeleted andpurgedinformation,temporaryinformation,andavariety oferrors. MoDelinG: Atseveralpointsduringtheprojectthemodelbecamesosluggishthatdesignstoppedandalleffortsshiftedtocleaningupthe file.Whenthewarningslistreached200to300warnings,the performanceoftheCentralFileseemsto MoDel size: Oncethe120Mbfilesizewasreached,adecisionwasmadeto break up the work so the model could return to an acceptable sizeandlevelofperformance.Inthiscase,all2Dwork,details, schedules,etc.werebrokenouttoaseparateCentralFile,and the3Dmodelwasisolatedintheoriginalcentralfile.Themodel returnedtothe120Mbsizefairlyquicklyandideasweretossed aroundabouthowtosplitupthe3Dwork.TheMEPfamilies often have connections to systems belonging to multiple disciplines, so having separate mechanical, electrical and piping models would become difficult to coordinate. Separating the modeleithergeographicallyorbyHVACzoneswasconsidered moreseriously.Duetotheprojectschedule,splittingupthe3D workneveroccurred. Image 3: A hosted family and its Visibility Settings. Image 2: Caption: Just some of the warnings we encountered. slowdownsignificantly,15to20%byourestimates.Theteam utilizedtheSystemBrowsertomovedevicesandequipmentto thesystemorcircuittheywereultimatelyintendedtobeon.The programisconstantlyre-calculatingsystemtotals,andthelarger the system, the longer it takes before it moves on to the next. Theprogramconsiders50ormorepartsonanydefaultsystem a warning, which compounds the sluggishness. It also spends longeronopensystems,attemptingtocalculateflowvaluesfor afiniteamountoftimeoneachopenconnector,pipeandduct. Capping or terminating open pipes, ducts and removing connectors from electrical devices and equipment families whose step 4: stRiCt MoDelinG pRACtiCes: Anoffshoreconsultantwasusedtobuildmanyofthefamilies usedatthebeginningoftheproject.Theyweregivenspecificinstructionsonhowwewantedthefamilypartsassembledsothat theregenerationtimeofgraphicscouldbemanaged.Theywere toldthemajorityofpartsweretobefacebased,non-hosted,or non-hosted/workplanebaseddependingonthepart.Theywere nottoletany3DentityshowintheCourseDetailLevelviews. Thefamilies'3Dmodelsweretobeassimplisticaspossible.Only enoughdetailtoprovideadequatecollisiondetectionandidentificationwhilecoordinatingwaspermitted.Whenthemodeling shiftedtothemorespecificneedsofthedesignersandtechnical leadersinvolved,moreofthisworkwasdoneinhouse,applying thesesamefundamentalrules.Theteambecamefairlyadeptat creatingandadjustingfamilies,andupdatingthesedefinitions inthemodel. 70 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 feature focus Revit MEP Moving forward we will apply this experience and knowledge to future projects at the very beginning and leverage the biM workflow... Image 4: Save to Central history exported and reviewed in Excel. step 5: stRiCt sAvinG pRACtiCes: Managingthesavingprocessisparamounttokeepingtheteam productive in this working environment. The Save To Central processislinear,sowhenthemodelbeginstoperformsluggishly, theReloadLatestandSaveToCentraltimescanreachupwards of20to25minutesaperson.Theleadershipexperimentedwith staggeringtheteammembers'starttimes,sonotwoindividuals weretryingtoexecutetheirfinalSaveToCentralofthedayat thesametime.Asimple2DSavePagewascreated,anditwas required that before a Save To Central was executed only this page could be showing on the user's screen, allowing Revit to resolvethesavingprocessmorequickly.Instantmessagingand Autodesk's Worksharing Monitor was installed on all team members workstations so they could communicate when they were about to Save To Central, or see if anyone else was saving.TeammemberswereencouragedtomakeuseoftheEditing RequestsfeaturetoavoidasmanyextraSaveToCentralsduring thedayaspossible.Worksetswerealsocreatedforeachtrade, linked file, and common element set, and the team members wereinstructedtoonlyopentheworksetstheyneededfortheir day'stask.Thefewerworksetstheyinitiallyopened,thelesstime ittooktoSaveToCentral.Unfortunately,whenthetimecame to coordinate a discipline's design against the other trades, all worksetsneededtobeloaded. ConClusion: Ultimately,therealityofworkingwithRevitMEPisthatmany featuresthatareincludedarenotfullydevelopedandreadyfor a consulting engineering group, very few performed without some kind of workaround. Therefore, the overall performance ofthemodeloftencommandedtheattentionoftheteam.The focusonperformanceinvolvessomucheffortthatanyproductivityadvantageweexpectedtorealizewasnonexistent.Inorder forafirmlikeourstofullyadoptRevitMEPforallprojectswe needtofeelconfidentthattheaveragemodelcanprovideatleast the same productivity we see out of our traditional 2D CAD production.Movingforwardwewillapplythisexperienceand knowledgetofutureprojectsattheverybeginningandleverage theBIMworkflow.WeremainhopefulwiththepromisedimprovedperformanceinthenewnewreleaseofRevitMEP,that wecanconfidentlycontinuetotakeadvantageofBIMtobetter understandmorecomplicateddesignsandlayouts,communicate designintenttoplayersoutsideoftheMEPteam,andparticipateinvirtualclashdetectionearlierintheprojectprocess. Damon J. Ranieri is an applications specialist at OWP/P, focusing primarily on the MEP Department. Damon has been heavily involved in the migration of MEP design to BIM since 2004 at this and his previous firm. Currently he is developing in-house Revit training and documentation, and is studying the current strengths and limitations of interoperability between the trades' preferred software. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 71 feature focus Revit MEP by: Joel Londenberg putting the `i' in your BiM content: Revit Mep families that capture design intent astyear,atAutodeskUniversity2007,Imet someoneinthehotelelevator.Hepointed tomyRevitMEPpinandaskedhowitwas goingusingthesoftware.Isaidthattherewere somefrustrationsbutweweredoingok(therewas nopointinbragging,theelevatorridewastooshort).Hisanswer tomewas"Yeah,maybewhentheygetmorecontent."Thenthe doorsopenedandhewalkedout. Thisideaofwaitingforsomeoneelsetomakemycontentdidn't seemtofit.I'veworkedinseveralofficesthatusedAutoCAD. Notoneofthemusedonlyblocksmadebyothers.Eachfirmhas alwayssetitsownstandardsforwhatisshown,howitlooksand soon.EvenwhenAutoCADfileswereavailablefromoutside, ineverysinglecasetheygotmodified;cleanedup,paireddown, spruced up, and so on. Why wouldn't this same idea apply to RevitMEP? Longstoryshort(toolate,Iknow)�wehaveeithermodeledfrom scratchorheavilycustomizednearlyeveryfamilythatisusedin ourprojects.Thismeanseverypieceofequipment,airterminal, receptacle,symbol,lightfixture,plumbingfixture,exitsign,piping and duct system family, view reference, annotative tag and levelhead(didImissany?). We'vedonethisnotbecausewewanttoworkforRevit,butbecausewewantthesoftwaretoworkforus. Figure 1: Preset Duct Rise Drop symbol options l ourfamilies.Theycanbeeasiertouse,provideuserfeedbackand helpwithcoordinatedconstructiondocuments. Aswegothroughthis`HowTo'wewillmainlyfocusonthemore MEP specific parts of the family construction. All disciplines needflexible3Dgeometry,sotherearemanysourcesforlearning moreaboutthat. Revit is eAsy? Thereisadifferencebetweensomethingbeingeasyanditbeing simple.Tobehonest,RevitMEPisn'teitherone.Thereisinherentcomplexityinanypieceofsoftwarethatintendstomimic buildingsystemswithenoughaccuracythatitcanassistinthe engineering calculations, produce 3D models for visualization and clash detection, and coordinated 2D documentation. Any interfacethatwouldinteractwiththiscomplexmodelisgoingto bedifficulttomaster.Inaddition,thereareanumberofthings that we just can't change. Much of the functionality is simply hardcodedlike,forinstance,thedisplayoptionsforDuctRise Dropsymbols.(SeeFigure1) Despitetheseobstacles,therearecertainlyenoughbenefitstobe worthitspursuit. SohowcanwegetRevitMEPtopayusbackforourefforts,how canwegetRevittoworkforus?Onewayisbycarefullycrafting "We . . . ARe . . . FAMily" Let'sbeginwithanAirTerminalfamily.Thiswillgiveusseveral examplesofhowwecanputmoreofthe`I'inourBIMmodel. Evenifyouarenotanair-headlikeme,thiswillstillbeusefulfor learningthefamilybuildingprinciples. One of the most detailed Air Terminals supplied by Autodesk OOTB(outofthebox)is"SupplyDiffuser-RectangularFace Round Neck - Hosted.rfa". This is a face hosted family that changes size based on a handful of built in family types. It is appropriately generic so that Autodesk is not unfairly promotingonemanufactureroveranother.However,whenitcomesto actualuse,thereisnotenoughinformationbuiltinforittobe helpfulwithdaytodaydesignanddrafting,aswellasbeingmodeledsomewhatinappropriatelyfordisplayinaproject. Whenconsideringhowyourmodelisorientedtotheceiling,it isgoodpractice tomodelitprotrudingdownbelowtheceiling plane.Inasurfacemountedframe,thismimicsreality,theframe isbelowtheceiling.Foralay-in-gridceilingtheairterminalis technicallyabovetheceilingplaneasitsetsontopofthet-bar. spring_2009 7 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge feature focus Revit MEP Modelingthistechnicallyaccuratecasewouldcausetheproblem oftheairterminalnotbeingvisibleinacameraviewunlessthe ceilingwasspecificallycut(thisisnotpossiblewithalinkedarchitecturalmodel).Also,ifyoumodelittobeexactlycoincident withtheceilingplane,Revitwillnotknowthecorrectwaytodisplayeachofthetwocoincidentsurfaces.However,ifyousimply protrudeitslightlybelowtheceilingplane,itisvisiblewhenyou expectittobe. The Min/Max parameters are for reference only and do not limittheactualflowsettingwithinRevit,i.e.theywillnotpreventyoufromassigningaflowoutsideofthisrange.Youcan, however, use these parameters for your drafters/designers to makeselectionsfrom. eMBeDDinG intelliGenCe Youcanalsousetheseparameterstocreateimmediateuserfeedbackwithintheprojectinjust4easysteps! Gotothe"Ref.Level"viewandcreatesomesortofwarningthat willnotifythedrafterwhileplacingAirTerminalsintheproject. Youcanusesymboliclinesshapedlikethecommon"NoSmoking" sign.Sothatthisuserfeedbackneverprintsonourconstruction documents,setthesymboliclinestypeto<Invisiblelines> Figure 2: Revit's display of coincident surfaces MostfirmswillwanttobasetheirRevitfamilies,AirTerminalor otherwise,aroundthespecificmanufacturerthatisintheirstandard specification. One common Air Terminal manufacturer hasfacesizesthatadjustwitheachnecksizealongwithoptional framesformountinginlay-in-gridceilings.Youwillwanttoset upyourfamilytypestoreplicateyourofficestandardswithsuch considerationsasairflow,noisecriteria,pressuredrop,etc.Any givenairterminalsizewillhaveaneffectiverangeofFlowthat meets these standards. Once you make those determinations fromthemanufacturer'scatalogdata,youcanstorethateffective rangeineachfamilytype.Asyoucanseefromthescreenshot below,MinFlowandMaxFlowarebuiltinparametersforallAir Terminals.Todothis,simplysetupfamilytypestorepresentthe sizeyoudesireandinputyourchosenflowrange.Forexample, givena6"necksizeyoumaychoosetolimitthedesignflowto between0and95CFM. Figure 4: User feedback � Step 1 Next,selectthesymboliclines,andassignthevisibilityofthese linestoanewparametercalled"CFM_Error" Figure 5: User feedback � Step 2 Figure 3: Min/Max CFM parameters spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 73 feature focus Revit MEP Finally assign a formula to the CFM_Error parameter that is activatedwhentheflowisnotwithinyoursetrangei.e.outside yourcompanystandard.NotethatthecurrentFlowsettingin thescreenshotisgreaterthantheMaxFlowparameter,causing theboxtobechecked. location and air flow need to be identified. The size of an Air Terminal can be determined with the assistance of the family. Fornon-typicaldesigns,theMin/Maxdoesnotpreventyoufrom specifyingoutsidethatrangewhenyouwantto. ContRollinG GeoMetRy Anotherfeatureyoumightliketoaddisabetterdisplayofthe lay-in-gridpanel.Todothiswewillonceagainbelinkingourgeometrytoflexibleparameters.Whatweareaimingforisagood displayofthe24"x24"panelina3Dview,aswellasinplanview. First,let'srevisittheextrusionthathangsbelowtheceilingplane. Intheimageabove,itisjustpeggedtotheedgeofthefacesize.A moreaccuratedisplayshouldshowitabout2"largerthantheface sizeforasurfacemountframeandafixed24"x24"forthegrid ceilingframe.Tosatisfybothofthesesituations,youwillneed todimensionthelengthandwidthoftheextrusionandlabelthat parameter"Frame_Size".Mypreferredmethodforkeepingthis extrusioncenteredisbyusingadimensiontothecenterreference planes,withaformuladrivingittobehalfthesize. Figure 6: User feedback � Step 3 Once you have set the Min and Max flow parameters for your variousAirTerminalfamilytypes,youcanthenplacethemin yourproject.Thisexampleshows3familytypesizes.Currently allthreesizesshowthesameflowrate,however,thisisbelowthe minimumflowsettingsforthetwolargersizefamilies.The"No Smoking"symbolisonlyvisiblewhenyoueitherselectorhover overtheincorrectlysizedfamily. Figure 8: Flexible model geometry Figure 7: User feedback � Step 4 What have you accomplished by this basic process? You have nearlyeliminatedtheneedtokeepthemanufacturer'scatalogon yourdeskbecausemostoftherelevantdataisstoredinthefamily.Thereisalsolessworkrequiredfortheengineer/designerto conveythedesigntothedrafters.Fortypicalsituationsonlythe YouwillalsoneedaparametertosettheAirTerminalaseither surfacemountorgrid.Tocreatethisparameter,usetheaddbutton in the family types dialog box, name it "T_Bar", discipline "Common",type"Yes/No".Itcanbeeitherinstanceortypedependingonyourpreferenceforselectingitwithinaproject.Once youhaveboththeseparameters,useaconditionalstatementto either drive the frame size to be 2" larger than the face or 24" independent of the face. As you can see from the images, this "Yes/No"parameterdrivesthedimensionalparameterswhich,in turn,drivesthemodelgeometry. 7 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge spring_2009 feature focus Revit MEP michelle louw blog spot Revit technology Conference 2009 � Melbourne Australia Hieveryone I'mworkingonafewexcitingprojectsandtimeis flyingbysoforgivemybriefinvitebutIwantedtoat leastmakethetimetoletyouknowaboutthisevent andwhatI'mcurrentlyworkingon. ManyofyouwillalreadyknowabouttheRevitTechnologyConferencethatisbeingheldinMelbourne thisyear(2009)butforthoseofyouwhowanttofind outmorepleaselookupthefollowinglink: http://revitconference.com/rtc2009/rtc2009_ events.htm ToregisterfortheRTC2009: https://www.amlink.com.au/secure/ei/getdemo. ei?id=2168&s=_0RW11D6P2 Iwillbespeakingattheeventmyselfagainthisyear andamlookingforwardtosharingmoreofmyexperience.Iwillpostmytalkhandoutonthisblogafter theeventforanyonewhocan'tmakeit. 18TH Of JUNE, THURSDAy, STREAM 4 (1.4.3) � INDUSTRy PANEL BITTER OR BETTER Figure 9: Flexible model geometry � Option 1 Figure 10:Flexible model geometry � Option 2 JustlikeRevitMEPasawhole,craftingfamiliesmaynotbeeithereasyorsimple.However,aftersometimeisspentincareful creation,usingthesefamiliesinyourprojectscanbeboth. Joel Londenberg is currently a Revit Project Manager for Design West Engineering. He leads their mechanical and plumbing design and supports electrical design for a wide range of projects. These projects are in fields such as retail, commercial, educational, medical, custom homes and multi-family housing, and ranging in size from 3,000 to 300,000 square feet. He has also worked for manufacturers performing equipment design using various 3D software packages. Joel has also been part of the team tasked with implementing Revit MEP for Design West Engineering as well as assisting major HVAC manufacturers with developing their Revit content for distribution. Ihavebeeninvitedtobeapartofanindustrypanel. Wewillbetalkingaboutthelessonswehavelearnt throughourvariousimplementationjourneyswith MattRumbelow.Ithinkthiswillbeaninvaluabletalkforanyonewhoisbeginningontheirown implementationjourneyorformanagementwhoare findingtheimplementationprocessmoredifficult thantheyhadoriginallyanticipated.Therewillbea wealthofexperienceonthepanel. 19TH Of JUNE, fRIDAy, STREAM 2, (2.2.1) � ADVANCED REVIT fAMILIES AND GENERATIVE COMPONENTS IhopetoprovidesomeinformationonExternal tools,whatthatallmeansandwhatitmakesavailable forManagementanddrafters.I'vehadtodoalotof researchtogetsomeoftheinformationandamstillin theprocessoffindingoutmore...I'llalsobetakinga closerlookathowcomponentscanhelpyoucreatea standardisedandautomatedRevitofficesystem. Hopetoseeyouthere;-) Michelle ToviewMichelle'sblogonlinegoto: http://bimboombam.wordpress.com/ spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 7 feature focus Revit MEP by: Jim Keller Revit Mep implementation at CtA Group a struggle with Promise evitwasfirstintroducedin2007toourfirm whenBIMwasthenewexcitingbuzzword intheA/Eindustry.Itseemedlikeanyone fortunate enough to use Revit on their projects wouldsoonbetheindustryleaderforallothers to follow. However, implementing Revit throughout all of our officesanddisciplinesprovedtobeatoughersell.Ourarchitects and structural engineers embraced Revit early on as Revit Architecture had been available much longer.WhenwerolledMEPoutto our engineers in 2008, it was a differentstory.Theyrealizedthatthere was a major difference in maturity betweenthesoftwareapplications. r familiaritythatAutoCADgavethem.Althoughtheycontinued workingbyportingthingsbackandforthbetweenthetwoproducts,thingsstartedtoclickovertimewithMEP.Theyrealized thatthepromiseandcontinuityRevitbroughttotheirproject wastoobigtobeignored.Theyalsorecognized,RevitMEPwas key to CTA's cornerstone belief in providing the best possible integrateddesign. not us! It seemed easy for our engineers to findreasonsnottogetinvolvedwith Revit MEP. MEP's saving grace was that our firm had made a commitment to BIM from the beginning. Withenergyandloadanalysis,along with interference checking, the engineers realized what a benefit this product would be for our clients. However, a deeply ingrainedengineeringmentalityof"Ihaveaprocessthatworks, whychange"meantthataeasyorseamlessMEPintegrationinto CTA'sintegrateddesignphilosophywouldbeachallenge. ...anyone fortunate enough to use revit on their projects would soon be the industry leader for all others to follow ... GettinG BetteR! In order to get our engineers to feel comfortable with the output of their drawings, we had to have a sit down with themandlistentotheir concerns. One item for example,electricallythe symbols were quite different.Thesymbolsthat cameoutoftheboxlefta lot open to interpretation in our engineer's opinion. Theywerenotusedtoseeingsymbolsforlighting,power,etc. beingdisplayedinthemannertheywere. Inanotherinstancetheyhadbeenfrustratedbecausetheydidn't realizethattheycouldgaincontrolofhowthelinkedArchitectural and Structural models were displayed. To facilitate our discussionswehadthemprintoutviewsandsheetsandmarkup anythingtheyfeltdidn'twork.Wetookthosemarkupsandwent intoourRevitMEPprojectandmadetherequiredadjustments. Whenitcametoaddressingtheirsymbolconcerns,weendedup creating or editing the families so that the 2D symbology was exactlywhattheywereusedtoseeing.Insomecasesthisrequired us to build all new content, in other cases it was just a matter of manipulating what was there. Once we had their buyoff, we implementedthesechangesinourofficeMEPtemplate. Onourfirstproject,assoonastheengineersenteredtheschematic design phase, mixed emotions became apparent. While many of them understood the potential MEP could bring, it didn'tkeeptheirfrustrationlevelsfromrunninghigh.Wefound outtherewereseveralissuestoovercome.Firstofall,ourengineerscamefroma2Dbackgroundthatallowedthemtoeasily control the look and feel of their drawings. Now came Revit MEPandwiththat,theperceptionthatcontrolovertheirdrawingswasslippingaway. thinGs look DiFFeRent! Thesymbols,lineweightsandgeneralappearanceoftheirdrawingsweredifferentnow.Theengineersfeltthattheclaritythey were used to was gone from their documents. The temptation todomuchoftheirworkbackinAutoCADprovedtoogreat. Theengineersneededreadability;theyneededthecomfortand 7 www.autodeskcatalog.com/AECEdge ReFleCtion Itwasn'tuntilwegottheprojectoutthedoor,andhadachance to sit down with the entire team, that the benefits could be fullyrecognized.Whileourengineerswerefocusedontheir tasksandtheirownMEPmodel,theydidn'tcompletely appreciatethebenefititgavetoourownStructuraland spring_2009 feature focus Revit MEP Architecturalfolks.ThisisimportantbutmoresobecauseCTA isamulti-disciplinefirmandwehavetheaddedmotivationtobe bettercoordinatedthanseparatefirmsmighthave.Weenjoya levelofaccessandcontroloverthewholeprocessthatseparatefirmsdonot. at times, but at this point Revit MEP became real. Our other officessawthedevelopmentandwhatwasaccomplished.Soon they wanted to be a part of what was going on. They realized thatbasedonthedirectionwewereheading,iftheydidn'tget onboard,theywouldbeleftbehind.Thosewhobravedourfirst project came out looking like war heroes. They also brought credibilitytothesoftware,andtheycontinuetobeadvocatesfor RevitMEP. While it may still be a small step with Revit MEP and our engineers,thevaluetheygainedinusingRevitwillkeepthem wantingmore.Benefitssuchastheabilitytogeneratethreedimensional drawings and integrated design far outweighed the negatives.IntimeandapplicationourengineersseeRevitMEP playingalargerollasananalyticaltool.EnergyAnalysis,static calculations,loadsanalysis,andcostestimatesarejustafewof theitemsthatkeepthempressingon.Long-termgoalshavethem workingonwaystodelivertheintelligentmodeltothecontractor andclientandremovingpaperdocumentsasanecessity. Jim Keller is an Associate with CTA Architects Engineers and is their BIM Manager. CTA is a 400 person firm that provides A/E services nationally and internationally. do-u-revit blog spot it Doesn't Fit? Duetothelearningcurvetheengineersweregoingthroughwiththeir firstproject,itwastakingthemlonger to produce drawings. However, Revit MEP ended up saving the team time and money as drawing duplicationwaseliminatedandinterference and conflicts became visible. For example we had an instance where our HVAC team could not get all of their equipment into the basement area. This was easily visible when they started to layout all of their ductwork and ran someinterferencechecking. Withthewaythestructure was designed at first, there just wasn't enoughroom.Asaresult of this discovery, our structure team made some changes, and just two feet was addedtothebasement area. This level of coordination and integration provided the opportunity to easily catch a real problemanditwasmadepossible andrealbecauseweusedRevit. Once the engineers were able to focus on the larger picture, they quicklysawhowRevitMEPcould playamuchlargerrollinwhatthey aredoingtoday. lookinG AheAD Finally getting a project done that utilizedalldisciplinesinRevitmade itamucheasierdecisiontostartthe nextproject.Beforewefinishedour firstproject,theperceptionwasthat producing documents with Revit MEP couldn't be done. Once completed, those who stayed withtheprojecthadsomebraggingrights.Sureitwaspainful some thoughts about Revit files SonowwiththenewfeaturebuiltintoRevitthat recognizesthe"DNA"ofacentralfileandautomaticallycheckstheoptiontocreatealocalfilewiththe appendedusername,addingtheword"central"at theendcouldactuallycauseconfusionwhenyour localfileisnamedmyproject_Central_dbaldacchino. rvt.Thisiswhywe'reprobablygoingtostickwitha scriptforcreatinglocalfileslikeinthepast,sowecan controlthenamingconventions,besidessomeother benefits.Hopefullywe'llhaveanevenbetteruserfriendlyversion,whichisstillintheworks. Thatbringsmetothepurposeofthispost:Whydon't thedevelopersimplementafileextensionsystemthat identifieswhattypeoffilewe'redealingwith?Perhaps .rvcforCentralfiles,.rvlforLocalfilesandleavethe .rvtfornon-worksetenabledfiles.Thiswouldmakeit totallyclearwhatyou'redealingwith,eliminatingthe needforarcanenamingconventions.Aunique,easily identifiableiconforeachfiletypewouldalsobeavery welcomeaddition. ToviewDave'sblogonlinegoto: http://do-u-revit.blogspot.com/ spring_2009 www.AUGIaecedge.com 77 Three Essential Resources for Design Professionals Using Autodesk Applications Diamond Sponsor Purchasing guides for CAD professionals Diamond Sponsor Purchasing guides for CAD professionals Autodesk � Autodesk Partner Solutions � Printed on recycled paper The Autodesk� Partner Solutions Resource Catalog � North America & Europe Editions � � � Delgo, image courtesy of Fathom Studios Resource Catalog Europe 2009 Partner Solutions Resource Catalog 2009 2008 provides valuable information to: Locate vendors, products and services to get to market faster Find off-the-shelf applications that can save you time Discover add-on's to complement and extend Autodesk applications Quickly connect to Autodesk authorized training centers (ATCs�) � � www.autodeskcatalog.com/europe Platinum Sponsor Gold Sponsor Platinum Sponsor Media & Entertainment www.autodeskcatalog.com Technology Innovators Special Issue 2009 Gold Sponsor www.autodeskcatalog.com autodesk KEYWORD catalog.com SEARCH NORTH AMERICA EDITION | EUROPE EDITION BROWSE DESIGN CENTERS RSS | SUBSCRIBE | ADVERTISE | ABOUT US | CONTACT HOME | NEWS | RESOURCES | WHITE PAPERS | VIDEOS | BLOGS | BUILDING DESIGN | MEDIA & ENTERTAINMENT | INFASTRUCTURE | MANUFACTURING | PROCESS & POWER SUBSCRIBE TO E PRODUCT ALERTS AUTODESK TECH VIDEOS | BUiLDiNG DesiGN | | MeDia & eNtertaiNMeNt | | PrOCess & POwer | | eUrOPe eDitiON | TOP STORIES AND NEWS Visit www.autodeskcatalog.com to stay current on news, product announcements and information on Autodesk-compatible applications. 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