Native Seed - Spring 2012
Native Seed is the award-winning newsletter of Adkins Arboretum.
Adkins Arboretum, a 400-acre native garden and preserve, promotes the conservation and restoration of the chesapeake region’s native landscapes. Native See Conservation for a For nearly thir ty years, Adkins Arboretum was recognized as “the arboretum of the Delmarva Peninsula”—a unique Arboretum with a conservation mission focused on “local” before “buying local” and “eating local” were concepts the public understood, translated in arboretum-speak as “plant local.” In 2010, however, the adoption of a new strategic plan recognized that the Arboretum had expanded its mission from a botanical focus on native plant conservation to the broader purpose of teaching land stewardship practices in the Chesapeake Bay region. Under this broader mission, the Arboretum makes clear the link between native plants and land stewardship and, in turn, the connection between land conservation and a healthy Chesapeake Bay. Contents Letter from the Making the Connection d Volume 17, Number 2 Spring | Summer 2012 Director. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Partnering for children and the environment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Kelli magaw welcomed as 2012 Arboretum Intern . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 new members. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Membership Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 nursery notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Allison’s Super Volunteers . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Volunteer opportunities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 h e a lt h y b ay Making this connection is made easier by the fact that the Arboretum is blessed with great plant diversity. Located where the Piedmont meets the Coastal Plain, where northern and southern plant life overlap, its diverse habitats support more than 600 species of native wildflowers, shrubs, trees, grasses, and ferns. While Tuckahoe State Park manages its deer herd, no fences are needed to protect the Arboretum’s living collection. Walk into the Arboretum woods and you will not see deer browse or large colonies of invasive non-native garlic mustard, English ivy, or barberry dominating the forest floor—common sights in natural areas of the Northeast. (cont. on page 4) Program Listing Insert art exhibits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 art programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–3 stewardship programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–6 speaker series. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–7 bus trips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 walks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 calendar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–11 youth programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (continued on page 4) adkinsarboretum.org If the Arboretum was run like a movie theater, the admission fee would be $37.50, staff wo uld hawk junk food along the paths and prohibit picnicking, and the names of corpo rat e advertisers and upcoming programs and events would be po sted on any hard surface that holds a nail. The chance is nil that this strategy would successfully gene rate the funds that are ne eded to keep the Arboretum’s doors op en daily at a price well be low half the cost of a movie ticket. Th e “movie theater strategy ” would result in a ticket price that wo uld prohibit most from vis itin g, and without visitors, the Arb oretum would not exist . Fortunately, Adkins Arb oretum is able to thrive under another model. This issue of Nativ e Seed is dedicated to the generous visitors, members, and sup porters who underwrite all that is possible at the Arboretum , including its modest en trance fee. We are celebrating you by highlighting in this iss ue the programs, services, and initiatives that your sup port makes possible, from the Nativ e Plant Nursery, to the go at herd, to the art exhibits, Paw Paw Pla yground, Funshine Garde n, a stunning array of nature-related pro grams for adults and yo uth, and award-winning publicat ions. Thank you for all you do to make the Arboretum a valued and unique resource for reside nts of this region, as we ll as for those who seek the Arboretum as a respite, a destinatio n, and a waystation while they are visiting the Eastern Shore . My best, Dear Friends and Supporters, Ellie Altman, Executive Director Adkins Arboretum is operated by the not-for-profit Adkins Arboretum, Ltd. under a 50-year lease from the Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Adkins Arboretum, a 400-acre native garden and preserve, fosters the adoption of land stewardship practices for a healthier and more beautiful world. Native Seed is published by Adkins Arboretum three times a year. 12610 Eveland Road P.O. Box 100 Ridgely, MD 21660 410-634-2847 410-634-2878 (fax) email@example.com www.adkinsarboretum.org Hours 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. daily except Thanksgiving and Christmas Admission $5 for adults $2 for students ages 6–18 free to children 5 and under Admission is free for members. Board of Trustees Officers Ms. Sydney Doehler, President Mr. Luther Tucker, Vice President Ms. Margaret Worrall, Secretary Mr. Greg Williams, Treasurer Members Mr. Lawrence Blount Ms. Patricia Bowell Mr. Henry Brandt Ms. Mary Jo Kubeluis Ms. Barbara McClinton Ms. Nancy Jane Reed Ms. Mary Ellen Valliant Ms. Judith Van Dyke Mr. Alan Visintainer Trustees Emeriti Ms. Kathleen Carmean Dr. Peter Stifel Staff Ellie Altman, Executive Director Robyn Affron, Receptionist Diana Beall, Assistant Receptionist Matt Duckworth, Seasonal Groundskeeper Meg Gallagher, Advancement Assistant Joanne Healey, Nursery Manager Jenny Houghton, Youth Program Coordinator Kelli Magaw, Intern Kate Rattie, Director of Advancement and Planning Michelle Smith, Bookkeeper Ginna Tiernan, Adult Program Coordinator Allison Yates, Facilities Maintenance Coordinator Jodie Littleton, Newsletter Editor Joanne Shipley, Graphic Designer Photos by Ann Rohlfing Illustrations by Barbara Bryan adkinsarboretum.org 2 Partnering for Children and the Environment By Jenny Houghton, Youth Program Coordinator will support the Partnership in reaching its goals. Governor O’Malley has also announced $1.4 million in funding for natural playgrounds. Plans are underway to expand the Arboretum’s Paw Paw Playground, installed by a local Eagle Scout in late summer of 2011, as part of this statewide initiative. A workshop on creating natural playgrounds was held at Cylburn Arboretum in February 2012 as part of a conference sponsored by GBCAN, the Greater Baltimore Children and Nature Collaborative. GBCAN promotes the idea that “a caring relationship between children and nature creates healthier lives and more vibrant communities.” The conference served as a meeting place for adult and youth leaders representing the sectors of education, business, health, faith, and the arts for a discussion about how to connect children to nature in schoolyards, parks, and community green spaces. Camp Bumblebee. Chesapeake Bay Eco-Explorers. Paw Paw Playground. These words may conjure images of tadpoles, garden trowels, and dip nets. Of children looking for dragonfly nymphs in the wetland or examining a monarch chrysalis in the South Meadow. Adkins Arboretum is proud to provide children with hands-on, experiential learning. The Arboretum is also proud to support and enrich its youth education programs through partnerships with cutting-edge environmental initiatives that extend from the state of Maryland to the White House and beyond. In February, as the Arboretum’s Youth Program Coordinator, I presented at the 2012 MAEOE conference. The Arboretum is a longtime member of MAEOE, the Maryland Association for Environmental and Outdoor Education. MAEOE is a nonprofit organization that provides environmental educators with professional development and networking opportunities. “Let nature be your teacher.” —William Wordsworth Through MAEOE’s support, educators are empowered to build an environmentally conscious citizenry for a sustainable future. Former Arboretum Children’s Program Coordinator Coreen Weilminster serves as president of MAEOE’s board of directors, and I am in the process of becoming a nationally accredited Environmental Educator through MAEOE. MAEOE has been instrumental in assisting the Maryland State Department of Education with the formulation of new environmental literacy graduation requirements. As part of these requirements, schools must provide students with meaningful outdoor environmental education each year. To help schools achieve these new goals, a meeting on environmental literacy requirements was held in 2011 at Arlington Echo, a popular Anne Arundel County nature center, and a February 2012 environmental literacy workshop was held at Chesapeake College, pairing Eastern Shore school systems with area environmental centers. In late January of this year, Governor O’Malley affirmed his commitment to the environment by re-establishing the Governor’s Partnership for Children in Nature, whereby state, federal, county, and private organizations work together to expand opportunities for children to learn about and play in nature. The Arboretum signed the Governor’s Participation Pledge and Relationships among diverse groups are similarly fostered in First Lady Michelle Obama’s Let’s Move! initiative, founded to address the challenge of childhood obesity. According to the Let’s Move! website, childhood obesity rates in America have tripled over the past three decades. Today, nearly one in three American children are overweight or obese. Let’s Move! promotes healthy food choices and physical activity. The Arboretum is a member of Let’s Move!: Youth participating in Arboretum programs are involved in a variety of physical activities, including hiking, outdoor games, trail clearing, and gardening. Gardening goes hand-in-hand with healthy eating, and meadow berries and vegetables harvested from the Funshine Garden are always popular with Arboretum summer campers. Also popular with Arboretum summer campers is the “Web of Life” activity, in which students explore interrelationships among living creatures. Just as living creatures depend upon one another to grow and thrive, so too must environmental organizations. By taking its place in this web, Adkins Arboretum is committed to nurturing the next generation of environmental stewards. 3 410.634.2847 (Making the Connection continued from pg. 1) The Arboretum carries out its conservation mission in myriad ways—through education programs for youth and adults; through guided walks and plant sales that provide an up-close look at native flora in natural and cultivated settings; through community outreach; and through initiatives onsite that demonstrate low-impact conservation measures and ecological restoration projects. By immersing visitors in the pleasures of the natural world, the Arboretum is teaching critical lessons about preserving our natural environment for future generations. Established in the 1990s, the Arboretum’s native meadows are important education tools. Children fascinated by milkweed, caterpillars, and butterflies learn about the relationship between plants and pollinators as well as the roles played by the mammals, insects, and birds that thrive in meadow habitat, a threatened habitat on the Eastern Shore. The Arboretum meadows also demonstrate how homeowners can contribute to the Bay’s health by planting native grasses in lieu of lawn, thus preventing harmful runoff and providing precious wildlife habitat. Given time, meadow reverts to forest. The Arboretum suppresses this natural phenomenon by managing its 100 acres of native meadow with techniques that include mechanical removal of woody plants, mowing, burning, and selective application of herbicide to encourage the growth of native grasses and wildflowers. These techniques educate homeowners, gardeners, and more than 20,000 annual visitors about the benefits of a native landscape and the practices needed to maintain it. and shrubs. The Arboretum’s goats are the first step toward establishing these areas as healthy forest. A partnership between the Arboretum, University of Maryland Eastern Shore (UMES), and University of Maryland Agricultural Extension (UMAE), the targeted goat grazing program provides data to a UMES/ UMAE initiative that promotes grazing as a widespread practice in the Delmarva agricultural community and educates visitors about the benefits of grazing over more traditional, less sound management techniques. Located at the headwaters of the Choptank River on the Tuckahoe River, the Arboretum is committed to implementing and demonstrating land stewardship practices that improve the health of the Bay and its local lands, rivers, and streams. In 2008, an initiative was launched to implement best management practices at the Native Plant Nursery by reducing stormwater runoff and the amount of nutrients flowing to the Bay. As part of the Nursery Greening Program, the Nursery irrigation system was updated to ensure more efficient water distribution to nursery stock. Rain barrels collect roof runoff that is then used for watering plants. Compost bins are used to recycle plant debris and organic waste, and a rain garden installed in 2010-2011, with support from National Park Service Chesapeake Bay Gateways Network, collects stormwater and irrigation runoff and prevents nutrients and pollutants from entering the Tuckahoe River. Japanese honeysuckle The Arboretum will break ground this fall on its largest conservation initiative to date. Community support of the Campaign to Build a Green Legacy has made possible Phase I, the Native Garden Gateway, of an ambitious long-term goal to enhance the Arboretum’s 30-year-old facilities. This project will redesign the Arboretum’s entrance while demonstrating low impact stormwater management practices that protect water quality. Currently, visitors reach the Arboretum along a blacktop lane and park in a one-acre asphalt parking lot that diverts rainwater directly into Blockston Branch, a small tributary that transects the Arboretum and flows to the Tuckahoe River. Construction of the Native Garden Gateway will result in the removal of this asphalt parking area and the conventional underground stormwater management system. A new circular drive lined with parking areas will both change the Arboretum entrance dramatically and reduce impervious surface. Instead of reaching the Arboretum via a sea of asphalt and concrete, visitors will immediately be immersed in the beauty of plantings that showcase ornamental native wildflowers, trees, shrubs, grasses, and plants. A native meadow will be established where the parking lot now stands, and gentle swales will be graded and planted to slow, filter, and absorb stormwater runoff. The Native Garden Gateway will celebrate the region’s unique flora and teach visitors about the link between native plants, land stewardship, and a healthy Chesapeake Bay. For more information about the Native Garden Gateway, the Campaign to build a Green Legacy, or sustainable practices for the home landscape, visit adkinsarboretum.org or call 410.634.2847, ext. 0. Oriental bittersweet, Japanese honeysuckle, knotweed, multiflora rose, trumpet creeper, and lespedeza are plants that readily invade the Arboretum’s forest edges and meadows. These invasive and aggressive plants can grow so densely that they bend tree saplings, suppress native plants, and make areas impassible for people and equipment. In 2011, Shared Earth Foundation supported the Arboretum’s pilot targeted goat grazing program, which uses goats to control these undesirable plant species. Browsing animals with an appetite for a wide variety of plants—including thorny, woody plants that many other animals will not eat—goats can be used to quickly clear away brush for access to pursue treatment methods such as cutting, mowing, and herbiciding. Cute, entertaining, and a favorite of family visitors, the Arboretum’s goat herd is now three members strong: Lily, Pufferfish, and Rosie. In exchange for food and lodging, they clear overgrown areas so that staff can access the sites for further clearing and replanting of desirable native tree saplings adkinsarboretum.org 4 Kelli Magaw Welcomed as 2012 Arboretum Intern The Arboretum welcomes and gratefully acknowledges its new members. Ms. Nancy Allred and Mr. Will Davis Mr. Tristan Arthur Mrs. Ruth Barbour Ms. Diane Brendsel Dr. Edward Burka Ms. Joan Campbell Ms. Maureen Chapman Mr. William Cook Mr. Kevin Cornell Ms. Melanie Crowder Ms. JoAnn Devigne Ms. Sue Dwyer Ms. Lori Elburn Mr. and Mrs. Alfred L. Evans Mr. Ryan Ewing Ms. Geraldine Fisher Ms. Margaret Gardner Ms. Stephanie Goddard Ms. Marguerite Gulbrandsen Ms. Patricia Hamsher Mr. and Mrs. Patrick E. Hartford Ms. Christine Hazel Ms. Marian Hengemihle Mr. and Mrs. Ron Houghton Mr. and Mrs. Ted Hresko Ms. Alice Ingerson Mr. Charles S. Jacquette Mr. and Mrs. Chris Jennings Ms. Kelly Jones and Mr. Louis Ritter Ms. Rebecca Jones Mr. Howard Joseph Ms. Denise Kaczmarcyk Mr. and Mrs. Vern Kemp Mr. and Mrs. Steven Kline Ms. Peri Lane and Mr. Stephan Abel Ms. Erin Lassen Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Leigh Mr. Elliot Liberman Ms. Shelley Lippincott and Mr. Ben Armiger Ms. Patricia Martin Maryland Public Garden Consortium Ms. Betty McAtee Mrs. Louise Merriken Ms. Donna Morea and Mr. Jeff Chandler Mr. and Mrs. Neil Mufson Ms. Laura Napoli and Mr. Thomas Watson Mr. Lee Nelson Ms. Michelle O’Connor Ms. Fariba Partawi Ms. Judy Pascal Mr. Jeff Powell Ms. Doris Price Ms. Kathrine Roznowski Mr. and Mrs. Jonn Scott Mr. and Mrs. Chuck Shlagel Ms. Alice Smith Mr. and Mrs. Hank Smith Ms. Diane Y. Soone Mr. and Mrs. John Paul Spies Ms. Chase Tanner Mr. Tom Tate Ms. Susan Tessem Ms. Mary Uyeda Ms. Christina Vieglais Mr. and Mrs. Paul Weber Mr. Dennis Wielepski and Ms. Joan Davis Ms. Kathryn Wood The Arboretum is pleased to announce that Kelli Magaw of Eldersburg, MD, has joined the staff as the 2012 intern. A recent graduate of East Carolina University, Kelli “has the qualities that we look for in an intern,” says Joanne Healey, Nursery Manager. “As a recent graduate with a degree in biology and concentrations in ecology and environmental biology, she will receive excellent professional experience during her internship that will prepare her for a career in the private or public sector. She is excited about being at the Arboretum, and the staff is excited to welcome her.” This year marks the first time that the Arboretum internship— originally a summer job—has been expanded to a six-month position. This opportunity provides students and recent graduates with a more intensive experience and affords time to complete research and other projects undertaken during the internship. In addition to working in the Native Plant Nursery, Kelli will assist the staff with visitor services, membership and volunteer services, grounds maintenance, and caring for the Arboretum goat herd. Upcoming Programs and Events OCTOBER SEPTEMBER 6 Tails and Trails Dog Walk 7 Fall Harvest 14–16 Fall Native Plant Sale Weekend 24 The High Line Bus Trip 22 Backyard Hobby Farm Field Trip 29 Magic in the Meadow 30 Fall Tent Symposium Membership form By becoming a member of the Arboretum, you are making a significant contribution to the conservation of the natural heritage of the Chesapeake Bay. For your convenience, you may join online at www.adkinsarboretum.org. Name spouse name Address City State Zip Phone Fax B Individual $50 B Household $75 B Grandparent $75 B Contributor $100 B Supporter $250 B Sustainer $500 B Leon Andrus Society $1000+ B Garden Club or Nonprofit Organization $100 B Business $500 Membership dues Additional contribution Total enclosed I would like to pay by credit card: $ $ $ email Account # Make checks payable to Adkins Arboretum and mail to: Advancement Department, P.O. Box 100, Ridgely, MD 21660 Adkins Arboretum is a nonprofit organization. Contributions are tax deductible to the fullest extent allowed by law. Exp. date Signature / CCC 5 410.634.2847 es ot N ry se Nur By Joanne Healey, Nursery Manager Allison’s Super Volunteers By Ginna Tiernan, Adult Program Coordinator The following are questions frequently asked about the Arboretum’s Native Plant Nursery: 1. I have a buffer management or mitigation plan from my county that I have to follow. Do you carry the plants listed in the plan? The Native Plant Nursery assists homeowners in purchasing native plants for buffer management and mitigation projects. During the open season, April through October, the Nursery stocks many of these plants. Special orders can be arranged. 2. What is the most popular plant you sell? The most popular perennial by far is butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa). Gardeners love the bright orange color and the fact that they are helping to save the monarch butterfly’s summer habitat. River birch (Betula nigra) and sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana) are the most commonly sold trees. Each has its own unique qualities, but the fact that they can withstand wet soil conditions makes them especially popular on the Eastern Shore. 3. What are your hours? Do I need an appointment to visit the Nursery? No appointment is necessary, and you don’t have to be a member to shop (members receive a discount on their purchases, however). The Native Plant Nursery is open Monday through Friday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. You will find a great selection of wildflowers (more than 80 species), trees, shrubs, grasses, and ferns. Credit cards are accepted. 4. Can you identify a plant for me? This is a very commonly asked question. Sometimes more details are needed to solve the mystery, sometimes not. We also recommend contacting the University of Maryland Home and Garden Information Center for help in identifying plants: hgic.umd.edu. The Native Plant Nursery is open throughout the growing season. Plants may also be ordered at adkinsplants.com for pickup at the Nursery. Members receive a 10% discount on plants; members at the Contributor ($100) level and above receive a 20% discount. For special orders or for more information, call 410-634-2847, ext. 32 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. It’s no wonder the Arboretum’s maintenance coordinator, Allison Yates, received a standing ovation at the first Annual Volunteer Appreciation Brunch she attended. Having worked at the Arboretum for just a few months, she had already endeared herself to staff, volunteers, visitors, their dogs, and all others who cross her path with her hard work, good humor, and generous spirit. Allison is responsible for maintaining everything within the Arboretum’s 400 acres, including the Visitor’s Center, Nursery, and greenhouses—but she is not entirely alone. She has her ‘super’ team of volunteers that includes Doug Smith, Zaida Wing, William D. Jason, Jr., and Jon Ingersoll. It took one cup of coffee two years ago for Doug Smith to fill out a volunteer application and join forces with Allison. Doug is Allison’s problem solver extraordinaire and general construction guru. He fixes, repairs, and reconstructs everything, from the Visitor’s Center pergola to a washed-out bridge. He climbs and trims trees and maintains and monitors the bluebird boxes. Soon he will build platforms for the rain barrels at the Nursery building. Allison knows that she needs to keep Doug busy, and she does a great job! Doug Smith Mark your calendar for the Fall Native Plant Sale, September 14–16 adkinsarboretum.org It is hard to remember the Arboretum without Zaida Wing. Zaida is a docent and longtime volunteer who works to keep the lovely front entrance gardens trimmed and weeded. She works long and hard hours. With a keen gardener’s eye, she needs little instruction. Zaida moonlights with Nursery Manager Joanne Healey, helping to maintain the nursery stock, propagate plants, transplant seedlings, and set up for the Arboretum’s plant sales. Zaida Wing 6 Teach, interpret, plant, enjoy! Volunteer Opportunities The Arboretum’s volunteers are a committed, energetic, and talented group involved in all aspects of the Arboretum— from maintenance to program development, from propagation to fundraising. They generously donate their skills, knowledge, and experience and are essential to the Arboretum’s smooth operation. As a young not-for-profit organization with a small staff, the Arboretum could not offer its current programs, events, and activities without volunteers. Their contributions make an important and significant difference. For more information about volunteer opportunities, contact Ginna Tiernan, Adult Program Coordinator, at 410-634-2847, ext. 27 or email@example.com. Rhododendron flammeum oconee azalea Left to right: William D. Jason, Jr., Allison Yates, Jon Ingersoll William D. Jason, Jr. recently joined Allison’s team and specializes in caring for the Arboretum goat herd. Generous and thoughtful, he enlightened the staff to his Zen-like way early on by gently suggesting that a new goat—a bit of a bully— not be named Cruella. Instead, he advised that she might be misunderstood. William is also instrumental in cleaning up tree cones from the State Highway Administration forest mitigation planting along Eveland Road. Look for William driving a golf cart as he travels through the Arboretum and clears the walking paths of woody debris. Master Naturalist Jon Ingersoll also joined Allison’s team recently. Jon travels from Vienna to clear vines and brush from around the 44 trees highlighted in the Arboretum’s new Tree Brochure. His work will help visitors identify the native trees highlighted on this new walking tour. Many thanks to these super volunteers for keeping high standards at the Arboretum and for meeting the promise to visitors of a rewarding visit. Maryland Master Naturalist Program Coming This Fall The Arboretum will offer the Maryland Master Naturalist Program for the Coastal Plain this fall. This program engages Eastern Shore citizens as stewards of Maryland’s natural resources and ecosystems through science-based education and volunteer service in their communities. First offered in 2011, Maryland Master Naturalist training also serves as the Arboretum docent training program. Participants will learn about Maryland’s natural history, flora and fauna, principles of ecology, human interaction with the landscape, the science of science, and teaching and interpretation. Following completion of the program, trainees must complete 40 hours of volunteer work for the host. Contact Ginna Tiernan at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information. 7 410.634.2847 Adkins Arboretum P.O. Box 100 Ridgely, MD 21660 410-634-2847 www.adkinsarboretum.org Non Profit Org US Postage PAID Mail Movers TE A D HE T E S AV Please join us on Saturday, September 29 for Magic in the Meadow, the Arboretum’s annual fundraising gala. This casual yet elegant event celebrates the beauty of the Arboretum’s 400 acres of majestic native gardens, meadows, and forests while directly supporting the Arboretum’s education and conservation programs. You’ll enjoy sumptuous hors d’oeuvres, cocktails, and a dinner prepared by PeachBlossom, along with accompanying dinner wines. Live and silent auctions will offer an exciting array of wonderful travel opportunities, local experiences, jewelry, and incomparable art and collectibles. Tickets are available June 1 and are $125 per person ($75 per ticket is tax deductible), with tables of ten available for reservation. Guests can choose to sit with friends or simply join a table of Arboretum supporters for a fun evening under the twinkle-lit tent. To purchase tickets or to learn more about sponsorship opportunities, visit magicinthemeadow.org, e-mail email@example.com, or call Meg Gallagher at 410-634-2847, ext. 23. Printed on recycled paper.