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Unpleasant Truth Editor-in-Chief Dr. A. K. Rastogi

Sub Editors Vijay Bala Udey Bhan Mani Shankar Ojha

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National Ad Sales Anurag (9811120650) Ankush (9811913101)

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Administration Anurag Rastogi (M. D.) Varsha

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Legal Consultants Surendra Singh (Maj. Retd.) R. T. Hingorani Ravi Sahgal

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Unpleasant T r u t h The media watches everyone but itself, there is a question which should be asked How many ‘sting operations’ has the media done on any of its own, say on the ‘Paid News’ controversy? The morality of sting operations is a debatable topic but the larger point demanded a response. The media does investigative stories practically every week but does it deliberately avoid turning the gaze inwards? Is everything as it should be with the Indian media – newspapers or television channels? Even with the relatively free, noisy media we have it is difficult to answer that in the affirmative. Take the controversy over ‘paid news’ which involves entering into deals with politicians or corporates to pass off views and product promotion as news. The Press Council of India has set up a committee to look into it. It was reported that the committee has enough evidence. The Editors’ Guild denounced the phenomena of paid content. According to reports, some executives in the news business accept being paid for news in private but won’t do it in public. The upshot is hackneyed but bears repetition it is easier to preach and prescribe than practise. No exceptions or are there? Despite the economic downturn, India’s media have continued to grow, albeit at a slower rate in the past two years, though the prediction to return to double-digit growth in 2010 is made. Indian newspapers are thriving and TV news channels, both in English and in Indian languages, are multiplying. Competition is cut-throat, but the established groups are raking in huge profits. Media exposés have shown that several organisations have been selling news space to politicians at election time, disguising what are essentially adverts as news. The Press Council of India has set up a committee to investigate violations of the journalistic code of fair and objective reporting. The “paid news” phenomenon also violates an Election Commission rule that limits a candidate’s expenditure. The Hindu newspaper reported that while the chief minister of Maharashtra, Ashok Chavan, in elections to the state assembly, showed an expenditure of just £72 on advertising, stories extolling his achievements appeared for several days in rival newspapers. If the stories had been advertising, as they appeared to be, Chavan’s bill would have been many times higher. January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 7

Sound Bite

What They Said... There are two sides to this. First, telecom frequently offers new products and services and price offerings keep changing - these need to be regularly communicated. Also, since many of these offerings are targeted at specific geographies, OOH becomes very relevant to announce these local services. Second, significant spends go into national thematic campaigns like ‘Walk and Talk Pradeep Srivastava, Chief Marketing Officer, Idea Cellular It is a process of consolidation that will result in efficient management and create more value for shareholders. Through this, we will be able to capture growth in a better manner Atul Das, Executive Vice-President, Corporate Strategy and Business Development, ZEEL Analysis of performance of what works better with the audience within the movie space indicates that it’s action flicks that are popular and deliver better, in comparison to comedy or romance. With the movie business getting bigger and with the market maturing; the generic movie platform will have to pave the way for genre-specific offerings. And the best opportunity and prospectus in such a scenario lay within the action genre MK Anand, Chief Executive Officer, UTV Global Broadcasting With weekend programming, we are attempting to create a new time band. For several weeks, we have been the leading GEC on weekends. With 190 GRPs in the previous week, we wish to capitalise on the fertile ground by offering viewers content that fits well with their likes and dislikes Ajit Thakur, Business Head, Sony Entertainment Television It’s amazing how many international business travellers are unaware that one could cut international roaming costs by switching to country specific SIM cards such as Clay Telecom’s, instead of using their own network’s international roaming facility, which costs them a bomb Munish Dhawan, Executive Director, AB&M Communications 8 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | January 2010

Did You Know That?

5 facts about global warming. 1. Global warming is the gradual increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere and oceans in recent decades, caused by the emission of gases that trap the sun’s heat in the Earth’s atmosphere. 2.

Latest report. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change concluded it was “very likely” — or more than 90 % probable — that human activities led by burning fossil fuels explained most of the warming in the past 50 years.


There is general agreement that our planet is naturally warmed to some extent by atmospheric gases, principally water vapor, in what is often called a “greenhouse effect”. Carbon dioxide is a minor greenhouse gas. In the atmosphere there is over a hundred times the concentration of water vapors, which is the dominant greenhouse gas.


All forms of life at Earth needs “greenhouse effect”. Without the “greenhouse effect” we would all be dead.


Over the last million years the Earth has fluctuated between colder and warmer periods. The shifts have occurred in roughly 100,000year intervals thought to be regulated by sunlight.

compiled from internet resources

Around The World

CTC Media to launch in North America

CTC Media Russia’s leading independent media company, announced the launch of international broadcasting under the CTC brand in North America through the DISH Network Corporation ( DISH), one of the country’s largest payTV providers with 13.6 million subscribers. The international version of CTC will be a 24-hour family entertainment channel

with a programming grid consisting of CTC (80%), Domashny and DTV content. Viewers will have the opportunity to watch formats that have proven popular with Russian audiences, such as ‘Margosha’, ‘Daddy’s Girls’, ‘Ranetki’, ‘Cadets’, ‘I Want to Believe!’, ‘Say What’s Wrong’, and many more. CTC Media content will be distributed by Ethnic Channels Group, Inc. (USA). CTC Media will also provide Ethnic Channels Group with nonexclusive rights for its content distribution via cable, satellite, video-on-demand (VOD), and a number of other broadcasting systems.

CCTV to launch internet channel China Central Television (CCTV) will formally launch a national Internet television station using the domain name of CNTV. On November 13, announced that its 2 online video products, and, have been put into trial operation. serves as a community where users can share their uploaded videos and communicate with each other. provides video services including live online broadcasts, video on demand, and 7×24 replays. The National Internet television station is positioned to be a global, multi-lingual and multi-terminal platform. Based on video and audio interaction, it is characterized by both the Internet and a television station. Traditional television media’s entry into the online video market with television stations integrated with Internet will definitely influence the current video websites.

Second TV station For Zimbabwe Zimbabwe will soon see the introduction of a second television station that will broadcast under the state controlled Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation’s (ZBC’s). This is coming at a time when private media players have been waiting for the newly set up Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe (BAZ) to call for radio and television licence applications in line with the Global Political Agreement (GPA) that brought about Zimbabwe’s new unity government. It is also coming at a time when Zanu PF is decrying and decampaigning exiled radio stations, that are challenging ZBC’s monopoly. ZBC, the country’s sole broadcaster, has been accused of being a mouthpiece for President Robert Mugabe’s Zanu PF party. Prime Minister Tsvangirai’s MDC says ZBC TV continues to make broadcasts biased against his party, now in government, in violation of the GPA, which says it must provide balanced and fair coverage to all political parties.

BBC Worldwide launches three more channels Hong Kong Cable, one of Hong Kong’s largest pay-TV operators, will have access to BBC Lifestyle, BBC Entertainment and CBeebies. The three channels will join BBC Knowledge, which launched on the platform less than two months ago, and BBC World News. All five channels will be available free of charge to all Hong Kong Cable* subscribers from 22 December to 21 January 2010, after which they will be part of the BBC Family Pack. During the freeview period, viewers who purchase a 12-month subscription to the BBC family pack will get the channel free for an extra month. In Hong thse channels are subtitled in Chinese.

January 2010

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National News

Govt gets tough on DD carriage

The Government has once again reminded all state governments to assure that the MSO and DTH ooperator are folloeing the mandate to carray DD and parliament channel on there network. The Ministry said compliance should be ensured

through authorized officers such as the subdivisional magistrates, district magistrates, or commissioners of police who responsible for implementation of the Cable TV Networks (Regulation) Act 1995. While TRAI has not issued any subscription rates for DTH services, the Minister said the regulator had issued a consultation paper in March this year which tariff at the subscriber end is one of the issues.

I&B ministry to organise community radio consultations In a move aimed at encouraging more community radio stations in India, the ministry of Information and Broadcasting is organising a series of state-level workshops across the country. The ministry has already held three consultations in November at Rajashthan, Shillong and Haryana. C o m m o n w e a l t h Educational Media Centre for Asia are the facilitators for the workshop. This initiative funded by MIB is part of the eleventh five year plan 2007-2012 to create awareness about community radio stations at a national and state level. According to Information and Broadcast Ministry website, the ministry has received 100 applications, out of which 60 Letter of Intent has been issued. The ministry has signed agreement with 36 applicants and 19 community radio stations are operational in the country.


TRAI seeks views on Tariff related issues The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) released a s u p p l e m e n t a r y consultation paper (SCP) on Tariff related issues for DTH services. This supplementary paper specifically deals with the certain aspects of Tariff related issues as applicable to tariff dispensation for basic and add-on packages in case of DTH services. This supplementary consultation paper is in continuation with the consultation paper issued on “DTH Issues relating to Tariff Regulation & new issues under reference� dated March 06, 2009. Written comments on the issues raised in this supplementary consultation paper are invited from the stakeholders.

Government approves modified HITS guidelines

The government approved modification of policy guidelines for down linking of television channels to enable broadcasters to provide their content to satellite-based Headend-Inthe-Sky (HITS) service providers. After approval of the government, the existing clause 5.6 of the down linking guidelines has been amended to allow broadcasters to provide their content t o a n a p p r o v e d H I T S o p e r a t o r. I t c a n potentially eliminate carriage fees. Under HITS, the cable operator downloads the signals and distributes them in cable homes.

Global warming causes crop failures, especially in the tropics, where temperatures are already on the edge of what is tolerable for many foodcrops. These failures could lead to famines if warming continues.

10 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide |January 2010

In The News

UTV action launched

UTV Global Broadcasting has launched UTV Action, the channel was be rolled out on January 1, 2010. Following the launch of UTV Action, the company will pull the curtains down on its existing movie channel UTV Bindass Movies, which was launched two years back. The movie channel will showcase fast-paced and high-octane Hollywood movies, dubbed in Hindi. Alongside, some of the latest action movies from Bollywood will also be broadcast. Besides the media blitzkrieg announcing the launch of UTV Action, the channel is getting into a five- city hunt for the best freestyle footballer from India, who will be sent to the 2010 FIFA World Cup finals in South Africa, as part of a talent hunt called Red Bull Street Style. In an attempt to reach out to the trade fraternity, UTV Action is getting into an Action Weekend activity, where it will offer lucky winners the opportunity of skydiving in a foreign location.

BIG TV improves interactivity Big TV, the DTH arm of the Reliance ADA Group, has entered into a strategic partnership with the ad network start-up,, to monetise its video on demand (pay per view) and interactive offerings. For the interactive services, there are plans to offer advertising solutions including static and dynamic banner ads, branded skins and sponsorships of entire interactive sections or channels. The ads will be interactive in nature and Networkplay will also

create landing pages for the ads. This implies that if a user clicks on a banner ad by pressing a red button available on the Big TV remote control, it will redirect users to a landing page, where more information about the advertised brand will be offered.

ETC to be merged with ZEEL Zee Entertainment Enterprises (ZEEL) for the merger scheme, the company’s board approved share swap ratio of 10 ZEEL equity shares of Re 1 each for every 11 stocks of Rs 10 each held in ETC Networks. The board of directors of the company also approved March 31, 2010, as the appointed date for merger of ETC Networks with itself, After the merger, the company would demerge its education business into a separate entity Zee Learn Ltd. For the demerger, the board approved share entitlement ratio of one share of Re 1 each of Zee Learn for every four stocks of Re 1 each held in the company. April 1, 2010, has been fixed as appointed date for demerger. The education operations of ETC span across child education and youth vocational training business through multiple products such as Kidzee, Kidzcare, Zee Institute of Media Arts and Zee Career Academy.

AsiaSat to provide DTH service in Vietnam The Vietnam Multimedia Corporation (VTC) has signed a lease agreement with Asia Satellite Telecommunications (AsiaSat) for capacity on AsiaSat 5 satellite. VTC will use multiple Ku-band transponders on AsiaSat 5 for its new premium direct-to-home (DTH) service in Vietnam. The new DTH service, to launch early this year, will distribute up to 30 High Definition (HD) and 70 Standard Definition (SD) channels to households in Vietnam. The new package will offer a wide variety of premium content ranging from sports, entertainment to technology and lifestyle, addressing the interests of the Vietnamese public, the company said in a release. January 2010

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One of the reasons for Hindi GECs exploring the regional angle is the increasing competition from regional channels. In certain states, such as Maharashtra and Bihar, regional channels are Believe it or not, the same old family dramas and kitchen politics still rule on Indian television; but they are now packaged in a brand new ‘regional wrapping’. Whether for me-too-ism or a well thought out idea; general entertainment channels are adding the red hot ‘regional’ tadka to daily soaps. The concept of adding a regional flavor is not new, as every character needs to be given a name and address and the storyline needs to follow a particular culture. What’s different is that content producers are now trying out regional cultures other than the ubiquitous Gujarati and Punjabi – which again was inspired by the Hindi film industry. The entry to new regional cultures started with Balika Vadhu on Colors, which was based on a family in Rajasthan. Another show, Yeh Rishta Kya Kehlata Hai on STAR Plus is also based on Rajasthani culture. The storyline of Na Aana Iss Des Laado on Colors had characters from Haryana. The next destinations for television broadcasters were Bihar and Uttar Pradesh (UP). Four shows – Agle Janam Mohe Bitiya Hi Kijo, Bhagya Vidhata, Mitwa Phool Kamal Ke, Maat-Pitah Ke

Charno Mein Swarg – had storylines based in either Bihar or UP. Delhi, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra featured as backdrops in shows such as 12/ 24 Karolbagh, Yahan Main Ghar Ghar Kheli and Bairi Piya, respectively. According to industry experts, one of the reasons for Hindi GECs exploring the regional angle is the

doing really well and have emerged as tough competitors for the GECs

Indian GECs focusing on regionalism increasing competition from regional channels. In certain states, such as Maharashtra and Bihar, regional channels are doing really well and have emerged as tough competitors for the GECs. Thus, efforts are being made to divert audience from regional channels to the GECs,” explains Priya Mishra, creative head, Zee TV. Another significant change in the storylines of today’s shows is that the nuances of cultures and traditions are followed diligently, right from the dialect to the costume. This is in sharp contrast to previous shows, where most storylines were city-based; and

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protagonists lived in palatial houses and flaunted designer jewellery and apparel, irrespective of the culture they represented. Indeed, a lot of research is involved today in making the plot realistic. “Since these programmes deal with sensitive issues, which may become controversial in nature, producers/directors conduct extensive research in different pockets to study the thoughtprocess of people there – their rituals, beliefs, customs and traditions – before launching the programmes. They do review reactions of people belonging to


particular regions to take care of their sentiments, beyond TAM ratings. For example, Colors has done several road shows in the interiors of Rajasthan, UP and Haryana to understand audience’s reactions to their shows. Hope people learn out of such bold programming and evolve in their thinking and living,” says Atrayee Chakraborty, director, Planning Sciences, Lintas Media group. Most industry observers agree that this ‘my state, my culture’ formula would definitely not alienate those people, who do not belong to the community being depicted in the show. It is not just the people of a particular community or the region depicted in the show who are relating to it; viewers from other communities are also showing equal interest in these programmes. They are enamoured with the style, culture, tradition, and practices of communities shown in these programmes. So, it’s both the familiarity factor and the charm of knowing the unknown that works for such soaps. Also, it’s a winwin deal for the TV channels. However, channels are also careful about not going overboard with regionalism and do take creative liberty in many instances. The channels deliberately tone down the regional factor of such shows, so that people from other communities do not completely feel alienated. On the other hand, broadcasters also use these storylines to their advantage. If a certain TV channel is weak in a particular region, making a show based on that

region will definitely get more audience and s i m u l t a n e o u s l y, popularity will go up. Also, if a particular channel is doing well in a particular area, doing that region specific show will further push the TRP. If issue-specific soaps such as Balika Vadhu, focusing on child marriages in rural Rajasthan, and

It is not just the people of a particular community or the region depicted in the show who are relating to it; viewers from other communities are also showing equal interest in these programmes. They are enamoured with the style, culture, tradition, and practices of communities shown in these programmes

Na Aana Is Des Laado, a soap on female infanticide set against the backdrop of Haryana, brought in the small-town viewers; Bidaai, a soap set in Agra, and Yeh Rishta Kya Kehlata Hai showcasing Jaipur, worked extremely well among the up-country audience. Similarly, Bhagyavidhaata on Colors and Agle Janam Mohe Bitiya Hi Kijo on Zee shifted the focus to the unexplored territory of Bihar and adjoining areas. “Bihar was missing in the prime time for a long time now. After Maila Anchal, nothing much was done on Bihar. But in the last six to seven months, when it was known that Patna was a potential TAM city, a lot of shows with focus on Bihar are being made. This, however, seems to be a refreshing retreat; as there was too much of Gujarat, Rajasthan and Punjab all this while. Although the trend of adding a regional touch to shows means good business for the channels as of now; industry observers fear that too many shows on similar lines would spoil the broth. Oversaturation, they feel, would lead these soaps to the fate of ‘K serials’. The only way to prevent this, they predict, is by focusing more on content. Today, viewers are spoilt for choice in terms of TV programmes. No wonder, viewer loyalty is very low. The only thing that sells today is strong and gripping content. Creativity and innovative ideas are always appreciated. So, programme makers have no other way, but to don creative hats to make their shows entertaining. Coming up with region-specific shows just for the heck of the trend is no solution. When it comes to trends, one thing that’s constant is ‘change’. K serials made way for these desi dramas, which will be replaced by something else in due course of time. All that’s advisable here is to make hay till the stars shine, and of course, till the next big thing arrives. 

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 15


A new era of war

DTH may be the next Telecom Story of the country. But, it has one new competitor now. The Indian government has approved Information & Broadcasting (I&B) Ministry proposal on policy guidelines issued for Headend In The Sky (HITS) operators . This is in line with TRAI’s effort to move

to High Quality media signal transmissions in the country. Headend In The Sky (HITS), is a digital distribution platform. HITS serves the whole country providing its signals through satellite to many Multi System Operator (MSO)/cable operators


2. 3.



who can further send the signals to the customers using their network. The essential difference between a HITS operator and a Multi System Operator (MSO) is that the former transmits the bundle of channels to the cable operators using a satellite, whereas the latter does the same through cable. HITS is a digital delivery mode of distribution of TV channel and it would speed up the process of digitalization of cable services located in Non-CAS areas of the country. H I TS would not only help increase the penetration of cable market further into rural areas where it has been absent because of unviability but will also help in further reduction of prices of set top boxes and will also lead to further consolidation of the cable market.

DTH operates only on Ku-Band (Kurtz-under band). Whereas HITS is allowed to operate in both the traditional ‘C-Band’ as well as the Ku-Band’. The quality may be better on HITS transmitted channels as the Ku Band is vulnerable to rain which causes deterioration in signal strength. As HITS relies on the existing and widely available Cable TV Network, there would be NO extra hardware installations and thus pricing are well lower than DTH’s. No worry about Pay per channel and other On Demand Services as in DTH’s. Cable operator can pull all available channel in the country and it will turn out to be lot cheaper (Economies of Scale) this way. FDI cap for Cable TV Operators and DTH Providers is at 49%. Where as for HITS, it is now set to 74%. So, foreign players are launching their brands in India. This can lead more competition in this TV Signal distribution space and we can expect prices to be slashed down as we are seeing in Mobile Tariffs In DTH the consumer get the chance to enjoy value added services but whereas the whole story will be different for the HITS user. They will not get the chance to enjoy the additional services

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Report Aavishkar Media Pvt. Ltd. has organized SATAB SYMPOSIUM, on 21st December 2009 at Hall No. 8, Pragati Maidan,. Along with Dr. A.K. Rastogi (President All India Aavishkar Dish Antenna Sangh), Broadcasting Media observer Lt. Colonel V.C. Khare (Retd), Subhash Grover (W.W.I.L.), Rahul Nehra ( Regional Director, Latence Asia), Sameer Narsiakar (N.D.S.), Amit Kharbanda ( MY Box) and many other pioneers and stakeholders of this industry from all over the union joined this open discussion. Symposium started with the key notes which were prepared by president of A.I.A.D.A.S. Dr. A.K. Rastogi. The whole event was divided into two parts the first part was dedicated to Govt. policies and technological revolution. The second part was based on distribution and combined movement for this industry. Colonel V.C Khare started the discussion with the focus on government policy. According to him either the operators don’t understand the policy or they don’t even know about that. Colonel Khare regretted that though the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) is trying its best to restructure this industry, even a questionnaire has been made, but a negligible number of operators have answered that questionnaire. He even added that Analog system will never die. Last Mile Cable operator has to upgrade there network. F.D.I. has been increased to 74% because neither of the company wants it to be limited at 49%. While commenting on HITS Colonel Khare said that has shown there response towards HITS. Subhash Grover ( W.W.I.L.) said that HITS is a nice model and cable operator should except it. According to him with the help of HITS cable operator can easily compete with IPTV or DTH. Rahul Nehra (Regional Director Latence Asia) said if we want to deliver 400 to 500 television channel to consumer that can only be done with the help of cable operator. Cable operator can play the role of ideal medium for local advertisement. Amit Kharbanda

(My Box) said that it will be more beneficial to produce Set Top Box in our own country rather than importing them from other country. He even suggested that cable operators should not panic in case of technological revolution. According to him Indian cable operator have to upgrade there quality of service and bring some change in there platform. According to Sameer Narsikar (NDS) cable operators has not been able to upgrade themselves as per the market requirement, it is necessary for there survival. He even added that DTH services have a fix interval of time. If consumers don’t pay the bill the connection is taken out. In case of operators this rule is not applicable. They carry on there services. At the first part of discussion the topic which was

On the other hand Hanfi from Rajasthan said that this industry is 20 Year old young girl, we have to protect her bad eyes. Even Hanfi suggested an organization. Khurshid from Gogdhra focused on awareness of cable operator. Sushant Maiti said we have great chances of development with the help of technology. We should welcome new technology and use then for our benefit. At the Symposium everyone suggested a national organization. “SATCAB FORAM” name was chosen for that organization. The suggestion to have 5 members from each and every state was accepted by all. For this FORAM Shailainder Chopra of Haryana and Sunny Gill of Punjab announced to provide 11 members form each state. Subhash Bante of Nagpur has taken the responsibility of

SATCAB SYMPOSIUM taken in prime focus was “Licensing of Cable TV” in Haryana. Ashok Chawla & Shaili Chopra from Haryana commented that media has not supported them on “licensing”. They even added that at present they have received stay from the government, but we all have show unity on this topic. While commenting on distribution founder and president of All Indian Aavishkar dish Antenna Sangh, Dr. A.K. Rastogi added that before this industry go under the arms of darkness and violence we all have to take some combined steps to save this industry. He even suggested that operators should have a united committee to interact with government and resolve internal problems. Sunny Gill from Punjab said that if Chandrashekhra Rao can force government to make Telangana, then why can’t we cable operators jointly can force the government to fulfill our demands. Subhash Batra of Maharastra said that cable TV industry is a teenage boy And we have discipline him otherwise he will go out of control. January 2010

Maharastra and Vidharbha. Asim Hanfi (Rajsamand) has taken the responsibility of Rajasthn and Khurshid( Godhra) has taken the responsibility of Gujrat. “SATCAB FORAM” was the only point which was accepted by all them. Few of the issues which will be narrated in front of the government with the help of this “FORAM” are-: Cable TV should receive the status of industry There should be Cable TV council like Press Council Share of cable operator should decided in Govt. advertisement Govt. should provide fiber optical cable at lower prices Govt. should free this industry from all kind of taxes With the formation of “SATCAB FORAM” Sat cab Symposium 2009 came to an end. All the operators has promised to strengthen the organization, and taken the pledge to each and every thing to strengthen this industry.  | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 19

Technology Update There are six DTH operators in the country, but how varied are they? Essentially, all of them provide almost the same number of channels at digital quality which is hard for the average eye to differentiate. So how do these companies get customers to buy their product? The Indian Direct-To-Home (DTH) TV market is an anomaly when compared to international markets. The more mature US

The Indian Direct-To-Home (DTH) TV market is an anomaly when compared to international markets. The more mature US and UK markets have just two major players. In India, the last five years has seen as many as six DTH operators enter the fray with more waiting to launch

enlisted McCannWorldgroup for the rebranding. DishTV have now moved into a sixplayer market. This brings in the need to differentiate themselves from other brands. They felt a more emotional positioning. Positioning based on functional attributes alone is not sustainable

DTH operators fighting for identities and UK markets have just two major players. In India, the last five years has seen as many as six DTH operators enter the fray with more waiting to launch. Add to this the impending launch of Headend-In-The-Sky (HITS) and it becomes imperative for DTH companies to find a differentiator. DishTV, the country’s first DTH service, set the ball rolling last month when it decided to totally revamp its brand image. It

because the competitors will soon have the same thing. The differentiator is the emotional connect, we will be the first to do this in the industry. While DishTV is leveraging the emotional connect of a family in watching TV, Sun Direct, the newest player in the market, hopes that bringing in HD content will drive its future growth. Sun Direct’s in the constantly changing viewership dynamics, to keep the viewers continuously

Indias wait for 3G

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Technology Update happy they need to offer them new options. HD is another first from the Sun Direct stable. they believe HD is the future of television and as far as viewing is concerned, it is a visual delight. There are 1.50 lakh HD TVs in the country. HD content is sure to expand with the growing sales of HDTVs in the country. By the end of the fiscal, they expect to be in at least 45,000-50,000 of the homes with HDTVs. The company launched HD services and set-top boxes at a premium price range earlier in December, only a couple of weeks after DishTV rebranded itself. But according to Interactivity Tata Sky’s response might seem muted but the company has stuck

The key to growth will be focus on technology and service. With players such as BigTV and Videocon D2H already in the market the competition is set to go up another notch in the DTH segment. Going forward, the two growth drivers for DTH would be HD services and interactivity. The companies that get this right should have an edge.

by its initial focus area. The company has kept its focus on interactive services. Its educational interactive services are the biggest differentiator for the company. The total viewing time of Tata Sky viewers is 180 minutes. Of this, about 17-18 per cent of the total viewing time is spent on there interactive services. This has reaffirmed there focus on interactive services. The advantage with Tata Sky’s interactive services was that it brought the functionalities of a PC to the TV. People who aren’t used to a PC find our interactive services useful. That’s why there interactive services are targeted at people who aren’t comfortable using a computer. This opens up a large market, not only in the Tier II-Tier III cities, but also in the larger cities. The company’s Active Education service is now being used across 850 schools and they hopes to get a similar response from housewives for its Active English service. The company’s twopronged approach in targeting audiences also brings in Tata Sky+, which allows users to record shows. Tata Sky+ is most popular amongst people in the metro cities who don’t often have time to watch shows on TV. Technology, content While the other players are promoting their distinguishing features, Airtel DTH has pushed its core features of technology, January 2010

content and service to draw in more customers. Acording to them Airtel Digital TV has three pillars of differentiation, technology, content and service. They offer the highest standard of technology a combination of the latest MPEG4 standard with DVB S2 technology, which translates into exceptional picture clarity and consistent high-quality audio. There nextgeneration interactive applications offer interactivity where customers can book movie tickets at PVR, browse shopping ideas, get updates on the latest city traffic situation and track their stock prices — from their TV sets. They have also invested in a back-up uplink site in Bangalore to give our viewers the advantage of the ALC satellite, besides providing larger dishes (20 per cent bigger) in high rainfall areas. The company’s brand communication of vast entertainment has remained a year after launch, and Airtel DTH plans to keep this communication going forward. According to them they launched with the aura of the vastness of entertainment that would bring magic to the home and followed that up with creating differentiation on there technology pillar the universal remote, the iTV applications such as widgets and finally the MPEG4 DVBS2 story. The key to growth will be focus on technology and service. With players such as BigTV and Videocon D2H already in the market the competition is set to go up another notch in the DTH segment. Going forward, the two growth drivers for DTH would be HD services and interactivity. The companies that get this right should have an edge. But at the end of the day, there needs to be an individuality that companies need to carve out. India has a large population so there might be space for six players, but with DTH requiring heavy investment, mergers and acquisitions could be the next big thing in the industry.  | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 21

Radio Waves

Community Radio Station to Start at Shivpuri Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, Government of India has signed a Grant of Permission Agreement f o r establishing,

maintaining and operating a Community Radio Station at Sambhav Social Service O r g a n i z a t i o n , S h i v p u r i , M . P. Letter of Intent had been issued to the Institute after recommendations of Inter Ministerial Committee for seeking requisite clearances from various Ministries. The Community Radio Station is expected to be operational within three months as per the agreement. With this, the

Not repeating any song through the day Radio One has adpoted a fresh approach to provide listeners the luxury of enjoying maximum songs throughout the day. As part of the ‘Maximum Music. Maximum Choice’ programming innovation, the radio station across its network is playing varied songs, from the 70s to the latest hits every hour. The radio station has decided not to repeat any song the entire day. The music station has been applying the strategy of playing 13 songs every hour since July 2009; hence, reducing the talking by the music jockeys. Radio One prefers the term ‘music jockeys’ to ‘radio jockeys’. Moreover, the music jockeys at Radio One try to go beyond regular talking. They announce a lot of behind-the-song information, such as the singers, music directors, lyricists and much more.

FM radio industry seek 5-yr license extension The private FM Radio industry has reached out to the government for an urgent rescue policy under which the license period would be extended by five years to a total 15 year. This was essential to make the business viable and make a success of the proposed Phase-III FM Radio Broadcasting Policy. So far, promoters have funded a One Time Entry Fee (OTEF), made capital expenditure and suffered accumulated losses to the tune

of over Rs 2,400 crore. Still, there has been no return on capital. The situation was critical now as only six years are left on the 10-year license term and there wasn’t sufficient time left to recoup losses or get a reasonable return. To make their dire situation apparent, radio company owners have agreed to share the financials of the industry and show proof of the accumulated losses and how there was no chance of any return on capital in the remaining six year of license. January 2010

number of CRS will increase to 61in the country. The aim of the organization is to empower community members to create and access information relevant to their local development needs. Literacy and overall educational attainment are far lower among women than men in this area. The focus community is the Sahariya tribe which is traditionally a hunting and gathering society.

Big FM ties up with BBC for content The Big FM shook hands with BBC world service for providing the entertainment updates or content. This content will be then used by Big FM for entertaining and updating the 32 of its FM radio stations. Big FM is operated by the Reliance Media World. Reliance Media World also revealed the cities where the entertainment updates from BBC will be available to the audiences. These cities are – Agra, Aligarh, Allahabad, Amritsar, Asansol, Baroda Bhopal, Chandigarh, Delhi, Goa, Guwahati, Indore, Jammu, Jamshedpur, Jhansi, Jodhpur, Kanpur, Kolkata, Kota, Mumbai, Patiala, Rajkot, Ranchi, Shimla, Sholapur, Srinagar and Surat. | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 22

Radio Waves FM radio industry in India in the form of mergers and consolidations is the only solution, that appears to be playing on the minds of several FM players might just reignite the radio industry by bringing the medium on the national advertising map but opinions are mixed about the effects of this trend on the industry. Marketing alliances between radio stations for monetisation and sustainability has become a

finances for the coming year, are earmarking investments in radio sector. The corporate profiles looking at radio investments include media conglomerates and financial companies. There might be news of flux in ownership of radio stations in 2010 with media ownership gaining ground. The current Information and Broadcast ministry regulations restrict the tradability of radio licenses till the completion of five years of

Merger the only solution for FM industry

standard in the Indian radio industry. But now radio stations are eyeing station acquisitions to increase their footprint and corporate houses are planning investments to break into the Indian radio business. A lot of companies are looking at radio and while planning

existence, which ends in 2010. The Association of Radio Operators of India (AROI) has been lobbying with the government to reduce the restriction of tradability of license from the current five years to three years. Apart from

this, other regulations like nonavailability of multiple frequencies, license term period of ten years also pose a hindrance for the industry. Even big players would not hesitate to give away ownership of their non viable stations in the smaller towns. On the other hand, big conglomerates are on the look out for stations in money making smaller towns to increase their footprints. Many stand alone stations in smaller towns confirm on condition of anonymity that they have been approached and lured with the promise of big m o n e y. T h e s e s t a t i o n s , a r e however still considering these business propositions over giving up their stations to these bigger players. The Phase II policy of limiting ownership of radio broadcasters in a city might pose a hurdle in the proposed acquisitions however. The radio industry is hopeful that if I&B considers allowing multiple frequencies in Phase III, there might be a surge in radio acquisitions next year. Figuring out ways to sustain themselves, there might be an interesting battle if smaller stations plan such consolidations throughout the country. This might encourage more advertisers to invest in the medium if smaller players deliver value for money. There is also a downside to such alliances as it might result in further price wars where players would be forced to sell their inventory at lower costs. In the current scenario, the Indian radio industry comprises a large number of players, making it difficult for advertisers to reach them. Consolidation could enable the radio broadcasters to package radio stations and sell them to a d ve r t i s e r s i n c l u s t e r. T h e consolidated group can also provide the advertiser a national reach and command a higher price for their inventory. 

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 23

Telecom Waves With prices seemingly at an alltime low in the telecom space in India, one wonders where the ball will roll next. where the price war is headed; what will follow next; and most important, whether consumers even care for such severe divisions of currencies in the telecom world - fractions that don’t even exist outside of As low as it gets The concept of per second billing isn’t altogether new. Orange (now Vodafone) had launched it a few years ago in the UK, but definitely not at the kind of price points Indian telephony is now privy to. The strategy was beneficial for Orange, as its ARPU (average revenue per user) was high.

The probability is that prices would be commoditised even further festive pricing, group pricing, pricing for family/friends and bundling of offers; alongside, crossselling with other categories, such as movies, credit cards, or earning free talk time by shopping at a mall, could also take place.

In India, however, the last three quarters show steadily declining ARPUs for telecom players. In such a scenario, there is obviously high reliance on bringing in the volumes, so that low profit margins caused by low pricing could be evened out. Price is the ultimate envelope to push for the telecom industry; and players have got it right with the ‘per second’ route. But this will only become more and more ridiculous. This could mean the ‘half paisa’ route (which MTNL has already forayed into) or ‘packet second’ routes - where a cluster of seconds are packaged together at a very low price. F u r t h e r m o r e , denominations that have gone out of vogue, such as the ‘anna’, will

The price war in Indian telecommunication industry probably be brought back. One could have communication on the lines of ‘Rediscover the value of money once again’; something about going back to the good old days when everything cost so little. The probability is that prices would be commoditised even further festive pricing, group pricing, pricing for family/friends and bundling of offers; alongside, cross-selling with other categories, such as movies, credit cards, or earning free talk time by shopping at a mall, could also take place. However, with the complexities of such tariff plans, won’t the task of communicating these to consumers become an additional headache for telecom players. As

24 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide |January 2010

per research conducted by chlorophyll, post-paid customers rate convenience higher than prices. But the pre-paid consumer’s mindset is a different one - such customers know all the details of various plans/bundles, both for their brand as well as that of the competition. Hence, telecom operators could come up with innovative bundles/ slabs; for instance, for a certain amount per call, one gets 120 calls free and gets charged Re 1 for the next 150, and so on. Further, telecom will continue doing what it does best - tell halftruths by projecting the larger picture, the ‘1000 minutes free’ (with conditions) kind, adds Khalap. Such low pricing, although incredible, could actually serve a

Telecom Waves

purpose for consumers, particularly in the case of international roaming, as this is one area where even a slight reduction in prices makes a huge difference to consumers. Furthermore, low prices would also make sense when mobile number portability steps into India (around December end), where

These price points can’t be profitable in the long run, not with the current volumes and not until rural India is completely covered. Maybe VAS (value added services) is what telecom players will rely on to compensate.

discount prices would play a key role in ensuring that people don’t switch their service provider. The impending entry of large players such as UniNor, Datacom and Etilsalat-Swan Telecom is another factor to be considered. Brand consultants foresee that these new players will target the ‘second customer’, or the individual who is looking for a second connection - for instance, one for business and one for personal use. Virgin homes wouldn’t be profitable in this case, as their ARPU is low. low pricing alone cannot bring in the volumes to sustain profit margins, unless it is backed by great quality of service. If a telecom player offers 1.5p per second, but with a better service/ network than the 1p per second players, he will win. These price points can’t be profitable in the long run, not with the current volumes and not until rural India is completely covered. Maybe VAS (value added services) is what telecom players will rely on to compensate. Communication needs are huge in this country and the affordability factor of telephony is low; so the only way to bridge that gap is to bring down prices and have VAS pay for the difference. The newspaper industry is a classic comparison to make, where ad revenues, more often than not, beat subscription revenues. Similarly, with ARPU going down, texting and VAS (including gaming and entertainment) are likely to fetch January 2010

operators the green bucks. Possibly, telecom’s growth could come from convergence, or from serving non-telecom needs. Vodafone Essar, with over 250 tariff plans in the country today, the entire market is gravitating towards ‘headline’ pricing (competitive ‘branding’ of a price bundle); and this, when pricing as a strategic sustained advantage probably doesn’t exist in telecom. To the biggies like Vodafone, new players have been left with no option but to come up with such prices, but their network and distribution is only a fraction of the incumbents. The only thing left for them to do is competitive pricing in the hope for volumes. But even then, in today’s scenario, subscriber addition is no guarantee to revenue growth. Big players with larger volumes of subscribers are the ones who will actually profit from such a business model. The smaller ones will bleed, as efforts like these will end up looking like a gimmick. After all, no one will change their mobile numbers because of such tariffs. When number portability comes in, that is when the choice of service provider will play a crucial role. The tonality and brand halo are important cues in the telephony space, now more than ever.  | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 25

Te l e c o m Wa v e s

3G mobile services may get delayed

The much awaited auction of spectrum for 3G mobile services is likely to be delayed by more than a month and may commence from the first week of March next year, the schedule for which is to be announced soon. The auction process may start in last week of February or the first week of March. The revised schedule was being worked out, taking into account the

outcome of the last meeting of a n Empowered Group of Ministers, where the Defence Ministry agreed to vacate spectrum. The Government has estimated to generate over Rs 25,000 crore from the sale of 3G spectrum and has fixed a reserve price of Rs 3,500 crore for panIndian spectrum. Despite crunch of spectrum, the Government has decided to auction four slots, besides the one each already given to two telecom PSUs – BSNL and MTNL.

Uninor Launches Mobile Services in India Uninor , a Joint venture between the second biggest realtor in India, Unitech Ltd and the Norway Based Telenor, 6th largest mobile communications group in the world has now ventured into the already overcrowded Indian Telecom industry by announcing the launch of GSM services in 7 different circles i.e Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh East and West, and Bihar including Jharkhand recently.

India’s urban tele-density crosses 100 per cent mark The rural tele-density in the country stands at 18.97 per cent as compared to the urbanteledensity of 101.38 per cent as on 30 September. The country’s overall tele-density is 44.87 per cent as on 31 October this year as against global tele-density of 78.11 per cent on 31 December 2008 (last available). Expressing concern at the digital divide between urban and rural regions, the Prime Minister, Dr Manmohan Singh, said that the Government will aim to double the rural tele-density from 20 per cent at present to 40 per cent in the next three years.He also said that a programme for providing broadband connectivity to all 2.5 lakh gram panchayats in the country will be completed by 2012.

Cloud Computing Now on Broadband Device Tata Teleservices has announced the launch of Nova Navigator, powered by Novatium for its Photon Pro and Photon Plus community in India. This is for the first time that a cloud computing can now be accessible on a mobile broadband device. Nova Navigator is an ‘obsolescence-proof computing service’, with manageability carried out centrally through the server, where the subscriber would automatically get ‘on air’ upgrades totally free of cost from anywhere across the world. Nova Navigator is a ‘zero maintenance’ access device and is easy to Plug & Play anywhere. With features such as 3G support, it has the technical superiority to match up with all software advancements like plug and play printer support, faster browsing and multimedia amongst others.

There were 27 named storms in 2005, a higher number of severe storms and hurricanes than ever before in a single year. The high storm volume may be connected to warmer temperatures in the Atlantic. January 2010

| Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 26

Technology News

NDS to stop piracy NDS, the leading provider of technology solutions for digital pay-TV, today reiterated that its market-leading conditional access (CA) technology, NDS VideoGuard® continues to successfully protect Mediascape, the Philippines’ premier digital satellite pay-TV provider, ensuring that the service remains unaffected by piracy. Mediascape has a complete end-to-end solution from NDS centred around NDS VideoGuard conditional access, which secures over 60 of the world’s leading pay-TV platforms worldwide and 111 million active devices, plus NDS MediaHighway® set-top box software and an NDS customised electronic programme guide (EPG). According to CASBAA, the Cable & Satellite Broadcasting Association of Asia, pay-TV piracy in Thailand and Pakistan continues to undermine market growth. In the Philippines, revenue leakage from piracy costs the government approximately US$39 million per year and is an ongoing issue which seriously affects operators’ revenues and their potential to grow their subscriber base.

Latens expansion in India Latens, leader in software Conditional Access and Middleware for Pay TV, continues to grow and strengthen its presence in India. Since opening its new Research and Development facility in Hyderabad earlier this year, Latens has significantly increased its work force in India and continues to recruit. Latens CAS is a standards compliant, downloadable solution offering Pay TV operators a more dynamic and secure anti-piracy strategy at a much lower cost than traditional card based systems. Built on open standards technology, Latens CAS gives operators greater freedom of choice and flexibility when choosing set top boxes to fir their business.

Comcast rolls out Web TV service Comcast Corp has rolled out an ondemand, Webbased service for subscribers to both its video programing and Internet access in a bid to keep customers from dropping their cable subscriptions in search of free shows online.The new service is called Fancast XFINITY TV, and is the largest implementation of a cable industry initiative called TV Everywhere to make popular shows available over the Web

to paying subscribers. Cable TV programmers like Time Warner Inc and Viacom Inc are working with pay-TV providers like Comcast, Time Warner Cable Inc and satellite Xfinity is currently only available to the millions of customers who subscribe to both Comcast’s digital cable and Internet services.

D2H launched Videocon d2h, the Direct-to-Home arm of Videocon Group, announced the phased launch of its DTH with the world’s first Satellite LCD, Satellite TV, Satellite DVD as well as the Satellite Box (STB). The latest entrant in the ever growing DTH segment, Videocon d2h has made the entry as the world’s first company offering a range of satellite products. Videocon d2h has partnered with Irdeto as it offers pay-TV operators a versatile, modular and scalable Conditional Access system (CAS) that protects content conveyed over cable, satellite, terrestrial, IP, mobile and hybrid networks. Similarly they are also associated with Tech Mahindra as their IT partners and IBM to provide a world-class technology infrastructure. January 2010

| Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 29


k c a B h s Fla

and V T ble a C stry u n d a i n Ind ng I i t s a dc Broa 009

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President of France announced aid for news paper in France CNN added three new national correspondents Delhi HC allowed smoking scene in films Google India launched mobile campaign on Internet awareness Radio City 91.1 launched Radio City school of broadcasting CNNIBN honored distinguish achiever ZEE TV launched Dance Indian Dance Jan Sandesh launched with Tag line “Apna Pradeh, Apna Desh” Space Toon launched in India Provision or long distance calling card receives approval




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30 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide |January 2010

STAR signed digital distribution deal in Vietnam Govt. formed group of ministers to look into 3G Special custom duty exemption for publishing sector Special audit of R-Comm in terms of clause 22.5 & 22.6 Indian edition of Wall street Journal launched

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I&B ministry made documentary on H1N1 virus TRAI asked DoT to delay distribution of n e w license Govt. Decided to monitor phone calls

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ZEE TV launched Jhansi Ki Rani Star news launched on mobile TATA SKY crosses 4 millio subscriber

ZEE News launched in U.P.

BBC launched Persian channel on YOU TUBE ZEEL take complete ownership of ZEE studios NGC on mobile handsets NDTV launched independent group


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Radio Frequency circuit for 4G launched

Haryana Govt decided to auction cable TV license Dish launched new brand logo

TRAI allowed phone number portability Govt. interfere Bharti MTN deal UTVi joined hand with Telangana TV TRS launched Telangana TV

Successful launch of Protostar 2 sattelite Prosal for 11 Digit acess code forwaded AIR win three award in International Radio Festival TDSAT rejected the petition fiked by B.S.N.L. Fever FM launched two new shows

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ESPN launched interactive cricket quiz “Stumped” Big TV added ten new channels

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TNT launched bunch of New shos Govt. Begin crack down on content code violation KIDDI launched on demande shows on TV

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ZEE TV launched “AAPKI ANTARA” Indian mobile Subscriber base crosses 400mn Mobile number beginning with 8

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17th Convergence India 2009 organized at Pragati Maidan Sat Max received the rights of IPL

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Abu Dhabi Media Company launched channel Balika Vadhu received notice from I&B ministry India TV join back N.B.A. Microsoft Yahoo agree search tieup Big FM launched first private FM station in Himachal Pradesh Dish TV announced JOB search on DTH



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Internet completed 20 years



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Direct TV and National Football league signed agreement Sajay Bhel CEO reliance Big TV


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CABSAT MENA organized in Dubai


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SAB TV received leadership award HC asked TRAI to fix DTH tariff Sahara Samay upgrades with omneon spectrum

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Scripps buy majority takes in NDTV lifestyle Oprah decides to end show Telephone number of 11 digits Ad rates hiked on Sun TV

BIG FM ties up with BBC for content CCTV launched internet channel in China DTH comes under TAX net Comcast roll out web TV service Govt get tough on DD carriage Clod Computing launched in India SATCAB Symposium organized at Pragati Maidan

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 31


Who says TV screen is crowded ? Four new Hindi general entertainment channels (GECs) were launched in the past 18 months. That brought the total to 13 in one of the most over-served markets in the country, the Hindi speaking states. Has that increased clutter? Surprisingly, no. According to a TAM Media Research report, ‘The Impatient Generation; TV Consumption Behaviour Study 2009’, it actually led to an increase of three per cent in the viewership share of Hindi GECs. That, among many other insights, is what the study, which covers TV viewing behaviour in India between January and June 2009, highlights. It confirms something we guessed all along - that fragmentation is increasing and attention spans are decreasing. The time spent on TV on weekends has fallen by three

minutes, especially among young people and (surprise) the elderly. However, the TAM report also busts some popular myths about TV viewing, especially the ones perpetuated by TV critics. That people are tired of soaps and are watching reality shows. The viewership share of reality shows on Hindi GECs has actually dropped by four per cent over the same period last year. This happened even though the amount of reality programming on air remained the same. And that of serials increased by one per cent, even as the programming hours remained the same. In other languages - Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi - while reality shows get a nice chunk of viewership, soaps walk away with anywhere between one-third to half the viewership in that genre. In markets like West

32 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide |January 2010

Bengal, the share of reality shows has dropped by half. The other major bit of news is the rise of news channels in Indian languages other than Hindi, even while the share of Hindi news dropped somewhat. That is not surprising. Almost every major broadcast network in the country has launched news channels in Marathi, Tamil and Telugu, among several languages. Since these would have a more local flavour, people prefer to watch the news in their own language. The report makes a basic point. That, when it comes to understanding consumer behavior on television, the weekly highs and lows in TVRs do not matter. It is the long-term trend channel share or genre share over several quarters - that really shows what is happening in the broadcasting business. 

Channel Scan

STAR World alters programming schedule

In New Year STAR World will bring programmes to the viewer in a new schedule that is easy to remember and will e n c o u r a g e appointment viewing. The channel, which airs classy English entertainment series in all genres, has decided on this new schedule after much deliberation. The basic premise for this schedule is that

unlike in other markets, Indian audiences like to come back for programmes every day of the week at the scheduled hour. To consolidate the core viewership and considering the viewing habits in India, the channel has decided to cl a s s i f y their programmes into weekdays, weekends, late. As part of the strategy, all genres, such as c o m e d y, drama, reality and thriller will be included from January till June; and new shows will be brought in month after month

BSkyB and MGM launch HD channel BskyB and MetroGoldwyn-Mayer are launching a highdefinition film channel, the Hollywood studio’s first in the UK, to showcase the studio’s back catalogue. The MGM HD channel, a joint venture between the two companies and the studio’s first branded channel in the UK, went on air this afternoon. MGM’s channels are available in more than 130 countries, with recent launches including HD channels in the US, Latin America, Poland and Israel. The channel will feature a full programme schedule, 24 hours a day and seven days a week, showcasing HD remastered movies from the MGM library. Highlights on MGM HD in the coming months include films from The Pink Panther series, Woody Allen films such as Annie Hall and Manhattan as well as library titles such as The Apartment, Network and Moonstruck. MGM HD launched on Sky channel 345 and is the 37th HD channel available to Sky’s 1.6 million HD viewers. to join hand with NDTV Imagine Online and mobile video service is in news lately for their latest television maneuver. They sign a contract deal with NDTV Imagine recently to get content from the latter on their social TV network. This is not the first time we have covered about a content sharing deal especially by online TV networks to increase their viewership. The content sharing model also creates a great amount of advertising opportunities as NyooTV hasn’t been in the business for too long. AKG Technologies launched it earlier this month calling it as a ‘one-stop shop for premium visual entertainment.’

BBC World News launches ‘The Yearbook’

BBC World Newsannounces the launch of a new series of vignettes, called The Yearbook, which will be sponsored by whisky brand Chivas Regal. The Yearbook series follows the stories of six real life school friends from Singapore, whose lives have taken different and interesting routes since

they left school. Each 1 minute vignette takes up the story of a different individual, while showing how the friends have maintained their relationships together since they graduated Chivas Regal is to sponsor the series and will also be taking a supporting advertising campaign online on from January 2010. TheYearbook vignettes will run in BBC World News Asia Pacific feed from this week until the end of March. Advertising for the brand will also appear on BBC Knowledge.

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 33

Channel Scan

UTV Motion sells TV rights of 18 movies for Rs 95 crore UTV Motion Pictures has sold TV rights of seven of its films even before their theatre release as part of a Rs 95-crore syndication deal. Shahid Kapoor-starrer ‘Chance Pe Dance’, ‘Phillum City’ (John Abraham), ‘Paan Singh Tomar’ (Irrfan) and ‘Peter Gaya Kaam Se’ and three other yet-to-be-released movies are among the 18 films for which the production company has signed non-exclusive deals with entertainment channels Colors and NDTV Imagine. Colors and NDTV will have the right to telecast only a fixed number of runs of each movie, leaving UTV with the option of further monetising these films with syndication deals with other channels.

Vindoo Dara Singh is Bigg Boss 3 winner Vindoo Dara Singh, the son of popular wrestler Dara Singh has made a name for himself with Bigg Boss 3, and has been selected as the worthy winner this

season!! For the uninitiated, Vindoo had been named as the ‘Villain’ of the house by

most of the contestants, but his smart play and the way in which he has spoken his mind throughout the eighty plus days stay in the house has made him the clear winner!! The Season Finale saw some s c i n t i l l a t i n g performances coming from Rohit Verma, Kamal Rashid Khan, Vinod Kambli, Claudia Ciesla, Sherlyn Chopra, Raju Srivastav, Shamita Shetty, Aditi Govitrikar, Tanaaz Irani, Bhaktyaar Irani. The special

rendition of Ismail Darbar’s song on his stay in the house brought back the old memories. All contestants were present on the night of the Season Finale.

SAB to launch comedy fiction show SAB, the family comedy channel by Multi Screen Media (MSM), will launch a first-of-its- kind silent comedy show in the third week of January. The show, tentatively titled Sab Chup Raho, will be a weekly to be aired on Fridays. The timing of the show is being worked out. Anooj Kapoor, business head, SAB TV informs that the new half-hour show will be aired between 9 pm and 11pm. During this time band, the channel airs the rerun of Taarak Mehta Ka Oolta Chashma. Within a span of two years, SAB has managed to climb from being the No. 8 player in the television space to becoming the No. 6 player, leaving STAR One and Sahara One far behind. As per media experts, the channel’s performance in recent times is reflected in the fact that SAB is the first choice of media planners and advertisers, when it comes to choosing a platform amongst the secondary set of channels.

34 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide |January 2010

Colors acquires 9XM’s EPG slot

The Hindi entertainment channel Colors has acquired the Sky Digital EPG Slot from INX Media’s soon to close channel 9XM. Colors is planning to launch in US and UK simultaneously. The channel will be available on Dish Network, with a new name Aapka Colors, while in UK Colors will replace 9XM on Sky EPG 829. The channel aims to launch in both the markets in January-February and for the UK audience,Colors will be available through the Multi Screen Media’s bouquet

Channel Scan

Comic books now available on mobile Cartoon Network has tied up with a Mumbai based mobile entertainment firm, Nazara Technologies, which will convert the print version of comic books related to characters such as Ben 10, The Powerpuff Girls, Johnny Bravo and Dexter, for mobile consumption. The comic strips will be available for download on G P R S - e n a b l e d handsets for variable charges such as Re 1 for a day, Rs 10 for a week and Rs 30 for a month. The download facility will be accessible only to subscribers of Airtel, Idea, Reliance Mobile and Tata Docomo. Later, a downloadable application will also be launched, which will enable consumers to download a complete comic book.

Flight of the hawkz

Restructure distribution network Sun TV Network Ltd will restructure its distribution business to create two verticals each for managing south Indian and international businesses and to expand in north, west and East Indian markets. The key focus is to distribute Sun TV channels across the globe via all fixed networks including cable, direct-to-home, internet protocol television etc, it said in a statement to the Bombay Stock Exchange.

Sanjhi Dophar on Colors

Looking to usher in the New Year with a big bang, Colors has announced a new line-up of shows including a game show, to be hosted by Abhishek Bachchan.In the coming month, Colors will make a foray into the afternoon band with a bouquet of shows targeting 25 yrs+ women across various segments. “Now that our prime time is settled and going from strength to strength, especially with the launch of two new shows: Laagi Tujhse Lagan and Yeh Pyaar Na Hoga Kam., The channel has also lined up world television premiere of movies such as Dev D and Do Knot Disturb for the coming month. This whole forays has been named as “Sanjhi Dopahar”

Discovery to launch three new channel Discovery Networks Asia-Pacific is all set to launch three new 24-hour channels (licensed under Discovery Communications India) in India - Discovery Science, Discovery Turbo and Discovery HD. The company plans to launch Discovery Science and Discovery Turbo on both analog and digital platforms, while Discovery HD, offered in 1080i along with 5.1 surround sound, will be launched on the digital platform. All three channels will be available in English. The network launches increase the breadth of Discovery’s television offering in India to six channels. It currently broadcasts three networks in India: Discovery Channel, Discovery Travel & Living and Animal Planet. The three networks reach 109 million cumulative subscribers with programming customised in English in Hindi.

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 35

Entertainment For the couch potato 2010 is sure to be a roller coaster ride with an entertaining line up of television programming all set to hit the sets. Along with the social dramas that are a hit nowadays, mythology, family fights and love tiffs are also in the race for the big, bad TRP battle. Let’s take a quick peek into the upcoming schedule. ‘Kalki’ is Smita Thackeray’s ambitious show having Ashutosh Rana in lead while it has been rumoured that Amitabh Bachchan and Jackie Shroff had been approached for significant roles. It’s said to be mythological story about lord Vishnu’s 10 avatars. ‘Devi’ will air on NDTV Imagine which will have story of a girl-child who is considered as a goddess as her birth brings rains in the village after a long drought. ‘Do Saheliya’, which obviously is about two friends will mark Sudha Chandran’s comeback. JD Majethia’s untitled show once again brings a family drama which revolves around lives of four sisters. In competition is Asit Modi’s untitled show as he also brings a serious family drama. Audience will be in splits as SAB TV comes up with a silent comedy ala Charlie Chaplin movies. NDTV’s funny Family show ‘Ghar Ki Baat Hai 2’ will tickle audience’s funny bone. There are different genre shows coming up this year that may be breathers for audience from same old stuff like YRF’s ‘Seven’ a sci-fi fiction, ‘Powder’ a thriller chase drama based on underworld crime stories. Ekta Kapoor’s detective show will be competing with ‘Crime Patrol’ that returns back after long break for its second season and with similar themed show from the production house of Red Chillies. Romance will also show its magic this year as shows like ‘Do Hanso Ka Joda’ and ‘Paheli’ are love stories with a difference

Some new year gifts from GECs In this new year GECs are aiming to expand there viewership zone and upgrade there TRP with the help of new shows

Indias wait

which will compete to gain audience attention. YRF’s ‘Rishta.Com’ has two partners of a matchmaking company falling in love while ‘Mahi Way’ is the story of a cute, fat girl who doesn’t believe that being fat will obstruct her from meeting her dream boy and will mark Sharon Prabakar’s TV debut. Social Dramas will also be seen on TV with ‘Dil Chahta Hai’ having Rajesh Kumar playing lead role of fat man with some

36 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide |January 2010

obsessions and ‘Traffic Signal’ where three different women share their life experiences will be aired. ‘Visarjan’ on ‘Colors’ has the story of a village girl marrying a rich old guy to protect her identity will also compete in this category. Seems like 2010 will be a treat with numerous kind of shows coming up and all set to impress viewers and gain viewership. So, viewers get set to watch the drama, romance, reality, comedy and let the begin! 

Sports News

BCCI defends Kotla track The Indian cricket board in its bid to defend the Ferozeshah Kotla from being banned for World

Cup matches has questioned match referee Alan Hursts’ report on the pitch fiasco in its draft reply to the International Cricket Council (ICC). BCCI, in its draft reply has stressed on the fact that the “pitch might be poor but it was not unfit for playing.” Hurst had reportedly in his

Mercedes gunning for top three Mercedes GP have set their sights on a top-three finish in the 2010 constructors’ championship.The team won last year’s drivers’ and constructors’ championships under the banner of Brawn GP and many believe they will be thereabouts again this year following the signing of Michael Schumacher. All of Formula One wants Michael back. So many of the other team principals and team owners have spoken to them in the last few weeks and said ‘we really hope that Michael comes back and joins your team’ because it’s not just good for our team, but it’s good for all the F1 teams, it’s good for the sport and I think it will help us build more and more fans around the world

report had said that the Kotla pitch was unfit. The BCCI has apparently based its report on the fact that the match continued till the 24th over before the officials deemed the track dangerous for playing. The draft reply also says that of the 130-odd balls bowled, only a few behaved dangerously. The venue faces strict

sanctions, ranging from warning to a fine to a ban of 12-24 months from the ICC. ICC chief match refree Ranjan Madugalle and general manager (cricket) Dave Richardson will decide on the sanctions after they receive the reply from the BCCI. If the BCCI is successful in convincing the duo that the track was poor then they may escape with a fine of just $15,000.

Clijsters begins season with win Kim Clijsters got her 2010 season underway with a 6-2 6-1 victory over Tathiana Garbin in the first round of the Brisbane International on Sunday. Making her first tournament appearance since October, the top seed dropped her opening service game but soon started producing powerful ground strokes that proved too much for her Italian opponent. The Belgian proceeded to claim 11 of the last 12 games and sealed victory in just under an hour. She will play home favourite Alicia Molik in round two, the

Australian needing three sets to beat Russia’s Ekaterina Makarova 6-4 1-6 6-4. Molik saved three break points at 4-4 in the deciding set before breaking Makarova’s serve to love in the 10th game to claim her first WTA tour victory in two years. Former world number one Justine Henin, who is coming out of retirement, plays second seed Nadia Petrova of Russia

Phil Taylor nails 15th world title Phil Taylor won the PDC World Championship final on Sunday with a 7-3 victory over Simon Whitlock at Alexandra Palace. Taylor trailed the Australian by two sets to one but produced a stunning run of form to seal his 15th world title. The number one opened with a 180 and although Whitlock won the leg, the unseeded 40-year-old lost the first set. However, Whitlock surprised Taylor, winning the next two sets to take a surprise 21 lead. Taylor, who was outscored in 180s but hit finishes of 170, 167 and 161 in his run of five successive winning sets, claimed a £200,000 winners’ cheque - the highest ever paid out in darts’ history. January 2010

| Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 39

Policy Issues

FM industry has asked I&B to expand there licence period for 5 years, according to them they have faced heavy loss and they will not be able to support phase III auction in these circumstances

I&B to check financial disease of radio firms The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (I&B) may soon examine the financial details of leading FM companies to get a measure of financial losses, operational expenditure and other details before announcing the policy for the third phase of private FM radio broadcasting (FM-III). This comes after the owners and promoters of several leading FM radio brands met Ambika Soni, the I&B minister, recently to ask for an extension of their 10-year radio licences (2006 to 2015) by another five years (till 2020) before announcing FM-III, due to mounting losses and non-viability of FM radio business under the current norms. The I&B ministry is keen on the FM-III policy, which will see an additional roll out of over 700 FM stations. But, because of concerns raised by the current radio operators, it has not been able to place the FM-III draft policy for Cabinet approval. Around 40 radio companies operating 251 private FM radio stations between them say their combined losses have crossed Rs 2,300 crore in just four years of their operations, on an annual revenue of only around Rs 800

I&B ministry may rope in the sector regulator, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Trai), to look at the issue of extension of radio licences of current operators by another five years while it sends the note on FM-III for cabinet approval.

40 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide |January 2010

crore. Because of this, investors are not willing to put in more money for participating in FM-III, unless the government addresses their immediate concerns, operators say. According to the pioneers of FM i n d u s t r y, o n c e t h e OT E F i s amortised to over 15 years instead of 10 years now, the radio industry will become lucrative for investment due to the increased time-based valuation. They want to tell the government that the FM radio business can become viable, provided it makes certain changes in the FM-III policy. According to I&B they are open to addressing the concerns of existing radio firms and will do everything possible within the law to help them. I&B ministry may rope in the sector regulator, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Trai), to look at the issue of extension of radio licences of current operators by another five years while it sends the note on FM-III for cabinet approval. Top I&B officials and the owners and promoters of several FM radio companies will meet to discuss the matter. They are going to discuss three things with the I&B officials. Current losses faced by radio industry, how increasing the licence period will not cause a loss to the government exchequer, and solutions to any possible legal hurdles in getting the licence period extended. Several radio companies have told the I&B ministry that FM-III may become unviable for them under the present conditions. According to them the 700-800 new stations proposed in FM-III are all in smaller towns and districts, where the potential to earn revenue is minimum. Radio has become an organised sector; therefore, government needs to be more responsive in its approach, going forward. 


New sports editor of BBC

The BBC has appointed David Bond as its new Sports Editor to succeed Mihir Bose.David, currently the Sports Editor at the Daily Telegraph, will take on his new role in the New Year. As the senior on-air specialist for the BBC’s sports news journalism, David will provide analysis and context to the major sports news stories and events - such as the 2010 World Cup and the 2012 Olympic Games - across the BBC’s news and sports services on TV, radio and online.

Amit Nag new CEO Digicable

Amit Nag is all set to join Digicable as a chief executive officer. Amit Nag who was with Indian Cable Net has quit the company and is all set to join Digi-CableComm Services. Digicable Network had expanded it in eastern region in June 2008, when the comany acquired majority stakes in CableComm.

Chris Albrecht to head Starz Chris Albrecht, the former chairman and CEO of HBO, joined Starz as its new president and chief executive. He will oversee all the Starz LLC entities. Those include the Starz Entertainment premium movie service, as well as Overture Films, Anchor Bay Entertainment and Film Roman. Albrecht spent more than 20 years at HBO, where he was chairman and CEO from 2002 to 2007. During his tenure, HBO produced such critically acclaimed series as “Sex and the City,” “The Sopranos,” “Six Feet Under” and “Entourage.” His most recent position was as founder of Foresee Entertainment. He replaces Robert Clasen, who is retiring.

Radio gets an ombudsman My FM has appointed an ombudsman to help reinforce its relationship with listeners and advertisers. It has got on board Giraj Sharma, founder, BehindTheMoon Consultants, to act as an ombudsman for the radio station. An ombudsman is a person who acts as a trusted intermediary

between an organisation and the internal or external constituency representing the broad scope of constituent interests. In print and TV industry, the concept is an old one, with newspapers such as The Hindu having ombudsmen to address and clarify the doubts raised by readers. My January 2010

Arun Bhatnagar quits Prasar Bharti Arun Bhatnagar, a retired IAS Officer has bid adieu to the Prasar Bharati, the Broadcasting Council of India, which runs public broadcasters All India Radio and Doordarshan. He was acting as the Chairman of Prasar Bharati. He had joined Prasar Bharti in May 2008. His tenure was to end in March 2011 He had first sent in his

resignation in early March but the govt. had put off a decision on it because of the coming Lok Sabha elections at that time. After UPA came in to power in May he sent in his papers again to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Arun Bhatnagar had quitted in the course of internal discord between CEO B S Lalli and differences among the members of the Board. The CEO will preside over the board meeting until a new chairman is appointed, according to the Prasar Bharti Act 1990. FM plans to introduce and familiarise the concept of an ombudsman through extensive on-air promotions on its stations. It will also employ advertisements and direct mailers targeted at its dedicated listeners and clients to communicate that the radio station now has a facilitator to address their reservations related to the medium and the brand. | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 41

Sports Mania The Sports sector in India represents a vast chunk of under utilized talent. India is a huge country and our past clearly shows presence of immense talent lying in all parts of the country. In the past we have produced brilliant sportsmen that the world remembers till today, which clearly proves existence of immense talent in our country! But today, sadly, Sports is one field which is being neglected by citizens and government alike. Cuba, a small island nation that has maintained its prestige among the global sports ĂŠlite for the past three decades. This has been primarily due to the effectiveness of a mass, free physical education system which

the government has supported through the ups and downs of the national economy. Indian sports system on the other hand is characterized by lack of infrastructure, funds and inefficiencies. The Sports Authority of India, the apex body f o r promoti ng a nd ma na gi ng sports activities in the nation is run by bureaucrats rather than technocrats! A peek into the Sports system in India shows that there are primarily 3 kinds of organisations working for the cause- one is the Ministry of Sports and Youth Affairs, then the Sports Authority of India (SAI) and finally various Sports Federations. It is here that we encounter the first biggest flaw

in our sports system-these three organizations function basically as separate entities with little coordination or accountability to each other. Consider the much awaited C o m m o n We a l t h G a m e s f o r instance. Discussion is abuzz about various issues such as infrastructure for the games, roads, metro, tourism, hotels etc. But little importance is given to the thing most closely related to the Common Wealth Games-that is SPORTS. Not many know the state of those working in the SAI that has been caused due to these games. They have been displaced from the stadiums where they used to coach, naturally because of renovation

Is Govt. really concerned about other sports

42 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide |January 2010

Sports Mania India. Today these two games have not only lost their status but

work, but unfortunately without an efficient alternative plan of action. Some of them have been on deputation to schools or other Sports institutes or posted out of Delhi-however, a big majority is simply sitting at home and doing nothing! To add to that, a vast population of youngsters, who were earlier involved in sports, now do not have any place to go to! Of course the elite can still pay a bit more and join some campbut what about the not so elite who used to come to SAI to nurture their talent or interest? India lacks sports culture. Sports as a profession still does not have the social recognition it deserves. Being a sports coach is still not regarded in the same light as say a University lecturer though they both might be paid the same amount as salary. This problem lies is deep rooted in first-our minds and then in our system. Education and Sports are usually regarded as two things that are mutually exclusive rather than being two important parts of a bigger whole. We p e r h a p s h a v e f a i l e d t o recognize and nurture some things that we’ve always had. Hockey originated in India-our national game. In 1982 Asian Games, Hockey and Kho-Kho were used as our demonstrative games-something exclusive to

Sports as a profession still does not have the social recognition it deserves. Being a sports coach is still not regarded in the same light as say a University lecturer though they both might be paid the same amount as salary. This problem lies is deep rooted in first-our minds and then in our system. January 2010

also have been forgotten over time instead of being promoted by us. Instead, after the Asian Games, specialists were called from India to conduct coaching camps in countries like Australia a n d G e r m a ny, w h e r e Hockey is now a popular sport. Though Hockey enjoys an international status today, but we do not have a proper hockey team! Our players can not afford hockeys made of fibre glass because most of them are from the not so elite sections of society There have been some policies that our government took up in the past-one was starting a network of Special Area Games (SAG) where they targeted specific areas to tap talent. One major discovery was made in the tribal areas of Bihar. Under the SAG, people immensely talented in archery were found. They were nurtured, trained and as a result got our country great laurels. But soon, they were forgotten along with the SAG schemes. There is a similar plan under consideration where in the authorities plan to de centralize games to the Panchayati level which would help tap rural talent. This was being promoted by ex Minister for Sports and Youth Affairs, Manishankar Iyer who was soon shifted to some other portfolio and like many other things-this plan too was forgotten. If we want to see that Hockey enjoys the same status it did earlier and we win the International Hockey Tournament! it would require investment from the governments end and passion from those who have ever been involved in sports and would love to see it be respected. A passion that should be channelized into changing a mind set, supported by sound policies that genuinely aim to change the status of sports in our country  | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 43

From here & There

High court stay on cable TV auction Cable operators all over the country must be having a sign of relief. The Chandigarh High Court granted a stay on a proposal by the Haryana government to auction cable TV in the state. A consortium of cable operators had taken the Haryana government to court seeking redressal following a notice issued by it calling for applicants for auction of cable TV licenses for three years in the state.

DTH to cost more in Delhi TAN goes live with Microsoft

Times Audience N e t w o r k ( TA N ) , t h e digital video arm of the Times Group announced the launch of the live stream for Times Now, India TV and Zoom. Web users can now watch the television feed of India’s leading English,

Hindi and entertainment news channels on In Phase I of the launch, users will be able to watch the webcast with their Facebook friends while getting real-time updates on the latest headlines from the TimesofIndia and EconomicTimes. The live-stream will be powered using Microsoft Silverlight 3.0.

The Delhi government has introduced two Bills: to tax television through DTH (Direct to Home) services. Currently, the cable television subscribers are required to pay entertainment tax but no such tax is levied on the subscribers receiving DTH service. The government is eying an additional revenue of Rs 7.2 crore (Rs 72 million) per annum from this provision. The amendment also covers the provision of levying of licence fee on the bookmakers who are operating in the Delhi Race Course and Club, which will provide additional revenue of Rs 56 lakh (Rs 5.6 million) per annum.

Overhead cables to go underground All overhead cables in and around Delhi will be moved underground before the Commonwealth Games next year, Home Minister P. Chidambaram said in Lok Sabha. Delhi Power ministry has asked providers of cable TV, internet and telephone services to remove overhanging wires from poles. Cable TV and communications industry agreed on cleaning up the layout of the wirings but said consumers would suffer if the underground plan was forced. Smaller cable operators said the plan for a common underground duct could not be implemented before the Games and it might not be feasible to remove overhanging wires completely as in some areas they were needed for last-mile connectivity in the absence of underground networks.

January 2010

| Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 44

From here & There

AIR to expand its coverage in India Radio covers 24.55 per cent area of the c o u n t r y through FM broadcasting, a service that is operation in 172 towns and cities. a total of 251 private FM channels were broadcasting in 26 states and union territories in the country, no study had been carried out about the area they covered. The government had approved schemes for installing AIR FM

transmitters at 195 more places during the tenth Five Year plan. Maharashtra has the highest number of private FM channels at 32, followed by Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh with 21 each, and Rajasthan with 19 stations. Kerala has 17, while Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh have sixteen each, Karnataka has 14, Andhra Pradesh has 13, and Punjab has 12. All other states and Union territories have stations in single digits among which Delhi leads with eight private stations.

Panel to monitor TV content In a development that could raise serious questions about the freedom of the press, the Maharashtra government has set up a committee of secretaries to monitor the nature of content being telecast by the private channels in the state. The state committee will be headed by the information and public relations secretary and will have five officials from other departments, including home, women, and child welfare. The committee’s brief would be to act as a watchdog for the channels and recommend actions to be taken to the central committee if it came across “objectionable contents.”

Super Idols of India In celebration of 60 years of Indian Republic, IBN7 - India’s Channel of Impact along with Bajaj Allianz - India’s leading private insurance company, present ‘IBN7 Bajaj Allianz Super Idols’ - an initiative in partnership with Dainik Bhaskar that will recognize, celebrate and honour those achievers with disabilities who have soared beyond conventional barriers to realise their chosen dreams. IBN7 in its continuing endeavor to present positive journalism will showcase 20 truly inspiring individuals, who have overcome debilitating physical challenges through super human efforts to achieve acceptance and success. IBN7 will showcase the stories of these Idols under various categories in special ½ hr shows that will be telecast every Sunday 10:00 PM, from 3rd Jan – 24th Jan, 2010. Also, IBN7 will conduct a panel discussion along with different NGOs on the facilities available for the differently abled, the hurdles, empowering the disabled, their contribution to the country etc on 23rd January, Saturday@ 8 PM.

Airtel DTH to replace world space channels

The DTH service from Bharti Airtel announced recently that it would

be replacing the 10 World Space Satellite Radio channels on its DTH platform with 10 All India Radio channels. The plan has started effectively from January 1, 2010. Bharti Airtel Limited is a flagship company of Bharti Enterprises. The replacement would be automatic and subscriber would not have to give any additional cost for the Music plus Top Up and for those who January 2010

were receiving the World Space channels as part of their subscription pack. The customers of Airtel digital TV with this plan can enjoy listening to 10 All India Radio channels. The list of the channels includes - FM Gold, FM Rainbow, AIR Punjabi, FM Rainbow-Bangalore, AIR Tamil, AIR Ragam, AIR Telugu, AIR Bengali, AIR Gujarati and AIR Urdu.

| Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 45

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crkuk Fkk fd og T;knkrj bykdksa esa dscy Vhoh ds fy, fdjk;k dSls r; djsxh vkSj ykxw djus dh j.kuhfr D;k gksxhA VªkbZ us bl dke esa enn ds fy, vusZLV ,saM ;ax dks pquk FkkA mls dscy vkSj czkWMdkfLVax dkjksckj ds lHkh i{kksa ls foRRkh; vkadMs+ tqVkus dh ftEesnkjh nh xbZ FkhA dbZ dscy vkWijsVjksa us bl izfØ;k esa vkusZLV ,saM ;ax dks 'kkfey djus ij mQaxyh mBkbZ rFkk vkadM+sa lqjf{kr j[kus dh mldh {kerk ij Hkh lokfy;k fu'kku yxk;kA fdjk;k r; ds eqís ij gh czkMW dkLVjksa o dscy m|ksx vkSj VªkbZ ds chp Buh gqbZ gSA czkWMdkLVj fdjk;s ds eqís dks cktkj ij NksM+ nsuk pkgrs gSa] tcfd dscy vkWijsVj vkSj forjd pSuyksa dh dherkas ij lhek vkSj dekbZ esa fgLlsnkjh pkgrs gSaA

fgV~l ds fy, MkmQufyafdax xkbMykbu esa la'kks/u ljdkj us fgV~l lsok iznkrkvksa ds fy, MkmQufyafdax xkbMykbu esa la'kks/u fd;k gSA lwpuk ,oa izlkj.k ea=kky; dk dguk gS fd lSVsykbV Vhoh pSuy flXuy ^fjlsLi'ku fMdksMlZ* fgV~l vkSj vkbZihVhoh vkWijsVjksa dks miyC/ djk;s tk ldrs gaAS blls igys MkmQufyafdax xkbMykbu ds rgr ds ;s cz k W M dkLVj }kjk mlh ,e,lvks vFkok dscy vkWijsVj vkSj MhVh,p lsok iznkrkvksa daiuh dks eqgS;k gksrs Fks] ftgksaus viuk iathdj.k djk j[kk gSA lwpuk ,oa izlkj.k ea=kky; dk dguk gS fd ;fn MkmQufyafdax xkbM ykbu dh /kjk 5-6 dks gjh >aMh fey tkrh gS] rks vkosnudrkZ daiuh lSVsykbV Vhoh flXuy ^fjlsI'ku fMdksMlZ* mlh dscy vkWijsVj@,e,lvks dks eqgS;k djk,xh tks dscy Vhoh ,DV 1995 vFkok MhVh,p vkWijsVj MhVh,p xkbMykbu ds rgr iathd`r gksaxsA blh rjg vkbZihVhoh lsok iznkrkvksa ds fy, lacaf/r VsyhdkWe vFkkWfjVh lss ykblsal izkIr gksuk pkfg,A January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 49

PkpkZ es a

93 gtkj djksM+ dk gksxk ehfM;k

uacj ou Vhe ls eqag eksM+ jgs gSa cM+s czkaM Hkys gh orZeku esa Hkkjrh; fØdsV Vhe us lHkh dks iNkM+ ua- ou Vhe gksus dk xkSjo gkfly dj fy;k gS ysfdu blds ckotwn Hkh Hkkjrh; Vhe dh eqf'dysa de gksus dk uke ugha ys jgh gSaA gky gh esa ,yth ek:rh] lqtqdh vkSj ,fMMkl tSls dbZ cM+s czkaMkas us dgk gS fd Hkkjrh; fØdsV daVªksy cksMZ (chlhlhvkbZ) dks Vhe LikWUljf'ki ds csl izkbl esa dVkSrh djuh gks x h] rHkh iz k ;ks t dks a dh fnYkpLih c<+sxhA cksMZ us Vhe bafM;k dh vxys pkj lky dh LikWUljf'ki Mhy ds fy, 510 djksM+ #i;s dk

csl izkbl r; fd;k gSA blds igys Hkkjrh; Vhe dk LikWUlj lgkjk xzqi Fkk] ftlus pkj lky ds fy, 400 djksM+ #i;s pqdk, gSaA ysfdu tc gky gh esa cksMZ us fIkQj ls cksfy;ka vkefU=kr dh rks mlus csl izkbl dks c<+kdj 510 djksM+ #i;s dj fn;kA vkSj ftldk urhtk ;g gS fd vHkh rd ,d Hkh fcM IkQkeZ ugha fcdk gSA chlhlhvkbZ ds c<+s csl izkbl ij ek:rh dk ekuuk gS fd fØdsV dh dher dkIkQh T;knk gS vkSj bldh txg fganh fIkQYeksa U;wt pSuyksa vkSj nf{k.k Hkkjrh; Vhoh pSuyksa ij foKkiu nsuk T;knk vljnkj vkSj lLrk gSA

izlkj.k vf/dkj [kjhnus ds pyu esa cnyko fiNys&2&3 o"kksaZ esa fIkQYeksa ds izlkj.k vf/dkj [kjhnus dh dherksa esa deh ns[kh xbZ gSA dqN lky igys ,d fIkQYe ds izlkj.k vf/dkj [kjhnus ds fy, tgka izlkjdksa dks 4&5 djksM+ #i;s [kpZ djus iM+rs Fks] ogha vc Ms<+ ls 2 djksM+ :i;s esa ckr cu tkrh gSA fIkQYeksa ds izlkj.k vf/dkj [kjhnus okys pSuyksa dh lwph esa dylZ] lksuh ,uMhVhoh beSftu] vkSj th Vhoh 'kkfey gSaA fIkQYeksa ds izlkj.k vf/dkj [kjhnus esa deh dk dkj.k fo'ys"kd ;g ekurs gaS fd dbZ dbZ Vhoh pSuYl ,d gh fIkQYe ds izlkj.k vf/dkj [kjhnrs gSaA 50 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide |January 2010

,lkspSe dh ,d fjiksVZ crkrh gS fd o"kZ 2013 rd 11 IkQhlnh dh o`f¼ nj ls c<+rs gq, Hkkjrh; ehfM;k ,oa euksjatu m|ksx 93]200 djksM+ :i;s dk gks tk,xkA fIkQygky ;g vkadM+k 60]000 djksM+ #i;s dk gSA vè;;u esa ;g Hkh dgk x;k gS fd fiazV ehfM;k m|ksx 2013 rd 5-6 IkQhlnh nj ls c<+sxk vkSj bldk vkdkj 21]300 djksM+ #Ik;s dk gks tk;sxkA fIkQygky ;g 16]500 djksM+ #i;s dk gSA blh rjg js f M;ks foKkiu m|ksx o"kZ 2013 rd 19 vjc dk gks tk,xkA ;g vHkh 10 vjc :i;s dk gSA

czkWMcSaM ij uSuks Vhoh

VkVk VsyhlfoZlt s us ok;jySl czkWMcSMa IkQksVkWu Vhoh mrkjk gSA ftls miHkksDrk vius lSVVkWi ij ns[k ldrs gSaA blds fy, t:jr gksxh IkQksVkWu Iyl MkVk dkMZ dhA fdlh nwjlapkj daiuh dh vksj ls 'kq: dh xbZ ;g igyh Vhoh lsok gSA blesa 75 #i;s eghus ds fdjk;s ij 40 pSuy ns[ks tk ldrs gSaA pSuyksa esa bZ,lih,u] LVkj LiksV~lZ] ,uMhVhoh] lh,uchlh] Vhoh&18] lh,u,u] iksxks vkSj dkVZuw usVodZ 'kkfey gSaA VkVk IkQksVkWu Iyl ds iksLVisM xzkgd bl Vhoh ij yxHkx lh/k izlkj.k gh ns[k ldsaxsA vxys rhu eghus esa daiuh dh ;kstuk bl ij 10 pSuy ykus dh gSA

fu'kkuk czkWMdkfLVax ,.M dscy Vhoh O;olk; dks izpyu esa vk, vHkh Hkkjr esa yEck nkSj ugha chrk gS] vfirq vHkh rks 'kS'kodky iw.kZ dj ;g O;olk; viuh fd'kksjkoLFkk rd gh igaqp ik;k gSA bldh vkd"kZd pdkpkSa/ fo'o Hkj ds /udqcsjksa dks yqHkk jgh gSA ek=k vV~Bkjg o"kksZa ds vYidky esa gh ftl izdkj ls ;g O;olk; izxfr dh lhf<+;ka IkQkanrk gqvk f'k[kj dh vksj vxzlj gS mls ns[krs gq, vHkh ;g dg

ljdkj }kjk cuk, tkus okys dkuwu ifjiDo lkfcr ugha gks ikrs gSaA bu v/dpjs dkuwuksa esa ckj&ckj la'kks/u djus dh vko';drk iM+rh gS] ysfdu gjsd ckj ,slh gh ,d vkSj vko';drk izrh{kk esa [kM+h gksrh gSA loZizFke lu~ 1994 esa dscy VSSyhfotu uSVodZ vf/lwpuk tkjh dh xbZ] tksfd 1995 esa ^dscy VSyhfotu uSVodZ (fu;eu)* vf/fu;e&1995 dgyk;kA rc ls ysdj vc rd dscy Vhoh ,DV esa

tgk Bgfj,! ,d u, n'kd ^2010* esa izos'k ls iwoZ lksfp, rks lgh Mk- ,-ds- jLrksxh____________ ikuk cgqr dfBu gS fd Hkfo"; esa ;g fdruh mQapkb;ksa dks Nq,xkA Hkkjr esa bls vadqfjr djus okys ns'kHkj ds dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa ds fu;U=k.k ls rks ;g O;olk; cgqr vkxs c<+ gh pqdk gS] ysfdu iw.kZr;k fonsf'k;ksa ds dCts esa gh uk pyk tk, ,slh lEHkkoukvksa ls Hkh vc bUdkj ugha fd;k tk ldrk gS] tcfd fdlh Hkh eqYd dk pkSFkk LrEHk ekuk tkrk gS ehfM;k dksA czkWMdkfLVax esa rks fons'kh pSuy iw.kZr;k Nk gh x, gSa] ysfdu xzkmQ.M ij vHkh Hkh iwjh rjg ls Hkkjrh;ksa dk gh fu;U=k.k gSA rduhdh ØkfUr ds lkFk XyksCykbZts'ku ds nkSj esa oSls rks bu ckrksa dks ladfq pr gh dgk tk,xk ysfdu jk"Vªh; lqj{kk vFkok tufgr dh j{kkFkZ ehfM;k dh Hkwfedk dk fo'ks"k egRo gqvk djrk gSA ;g ckr rc vkSj Hkh fof'k"V gks tkrh gS tc ,sls laosnu'khy ekeyksa esa Hkh

vusd ckj la'kks/u fd, tk pqds gSa vkSj vc fIkQj blesa ,d vkSj la'kks/u fd;k tkuk gSA fIkQj Hkh dbZ vkSj la'kks/uksa dh xqatkbZ'k cuh gqbZ izrhr gks jgh gSA vFkkZr dgus dk rkRi;Z ;g gS fd tks dkuwu izpyu esa gaS og iw.kZr;k ifjiDo ugha gS] ,oa tks la'kks/u fd, tk jgs gSa muls Hkh ;gh izrhr gksrk gS fd og Hkh ifjiDork Hkjs ugha lkfcr gksaxsA muds ckn Hkh dkuwu esa vkSj la'kks/uksa dh t:jr cuh jgsxhA D;ksafd czkWMdkfLVax ,.M dscy Vhoh O;olk; ij jk"Vªh; fgrksa dks è;ku esa j[krs gq, O;olk; ds fodkl dh vko';drkuqlkj ugha cfYd dkuwu t:jreankas dh t:jrksa ds fglkc ls cuk, tkrs jgs gSaA ge lHkh tkurs gSa fd izlkj.k fo/s;d (czkWMdkfLaVx fcy) ij ppkZ,a [kwc gqbZa ysfdu mls ykus dh fgEer dksbZ Hkh ljdkj ugha dj ldhA t:jreUnksa

ds fglkc ls Mh-Vh-,p- ds fy, Hkh dkuwuh la'kks/u dj fn;k x;k vkSj dSl ds fy, HkhA dSl ij vf/lwpuk tkjh fd, tkus ds ckn gh ljdkj dks ;g le> vk ik;k fd ek=k vf/lwpuk tkjh dj fn, tkus ls dSl ykxw ugha djok;k tk ldrk gS] blhfy, MkmQufyafdax uhfr cuh rc dgha tkdj pSuyksa ij udsy Mkyh tk ldhA rc Hkh dSl dk izFke pj.k gh ykxw djok;k tk ldk] og Hkh fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; ds ncko ds dkj.k vU;Fkk ljdkj dh bl ekeys esa dksbZ fnYkpLih ugha FkhA mlh izdkj ls ekuuh; lqizhe dksVZ ds funsZ'kksa dk ikyu djrs gq, ukWu dSl ,fj;k esa dscy Vhoh dh njsa fu/kZj.k ij VªkbZ IkQkbuy rd igqap xbZ gSA fu.kZ; tks Hkh gks ysfdu fPkUrk dk fo"k; ;g gS fd bl ekeys esa ns'kHkj ds dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa us viuh dksbZ Hkh izfrfØ;k VªkbZ dks ntZ ugha djokbZ gSA dscy Vhoh ds

eqdkcys esa Mh-Vh-,p ds ckn vc fgV~l dks Hkh vuqefr ns nh xbZ gS vkSj fgV~l esa fons'kh fuos'k dh lhek 74» dj fn, tkus ls dbZ fons'kh dEifu;ksa dks Hkh bl {ks=k esa tksj vktekbZ'k ds fy, Hkkjr esa vkus dk U;kSrk ns fn;k x;k gSA tcfd blls iwoZ okyaVjh dSl ds fy, ns'k ds 55 'kgjksa dh ?kks"k.kk dh gh tk pqdh gSA bl O;olk; dh lcls vge dM+h gSa dscy Vhoh vkWisjVj] tksfd ;g lsok miHkksDrkvksa

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 51


rd igqapkrk gS vkSj miHkksDrkvksa ls lsok 'kqYd Hkh izkIr djrk gS tksfd czkWMdkLVlZ ,e-,l-vks- lfgr VSDl ds :i esa ljdkj dks Hkh igqaprk gSA blh jkf'k esa ls ,d va'k pSuy fM"VªhC;wVlZ dks o ,d va'k gkMZos;j okyksa dks Hkh tkrk gS tcfd vkWijsVj vkSj rduhf'k;u ds ifjokj Hkh blh jkf'k ij fuHkZj gksrs gaSA blh ckr dks nwljs 'kCnksa esa lh/s&lh/s rjhds ls bl

O;kolkf;d izfrLi/kZ gks] ysfdu jaft'ksa ugha pkfg, o uk gh ,sls O;olk; esa vkijkf/d Nfo okyksa dh ,UVªh gksus nsuh pkfg,A rduhdh f'k{kk ds fy, vc ekxZ [kksys tkus pkfg,A bl O;olk; dks baM"Vªh dk ntkZ feys o leqfpr fodkl ds fy, bls lHkh izdkj ds djksa ls eqfDr fnyokbZ tkuh pkfg,A

rjg Hkh dg ldrs gSa fd vHkh ns'kHkj ds djksM+ksa dscy Vhoh miHkksDrkvksa rd lh/ h igqap vkWijsVjksa dh gh gS vkSj vkWijsVj ftlls pkgas mlls tqM+ ldrs gSaA bl izdkj ns[kk tk, rks vHkh ;g O;olk; iw.kZr;k ns'kHkj ds dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa ds dCts esa gh gSA bl gdhdr dks fuxy ikuk ckdh ds fy, cgqr dfBu gksrk tk jgk gSA ysfdu yk[k pkgus ij Hkh fdlh esa bruk lkeF;Z ugha gS fd miHkksDrkvksa dks lh/ s&lh/s viuh >ksyh esa Mky ldsA gkykafd iatkc ,oa mM+hlk dks NksM+dj ns'k Hkj dh fLFkfr esa dksbZ fo'ks"k vUrj ugha gSA vHkh rd vkWijsVjksa dks viuh >ksyh esa >Vd ysus dk flyflyk pyrk jgk gS] ysfdu Hkfo"; esa lh/s&lh/s miHkksDrk ySiVkWi esa lek fy, tk ldrs gSaA ,slh fLFkfr;ksa esa ,d u, Hkfo"; dh vksj c<+rk gj dne lewph baM"Vªh ds fgr esa Hkh gks ldrk gS vkSj iwoZ dh Hkkafr vius&vius LokFkZ lk/ us rd gh lhfer Hkh jg ldrk gSA esjs bl okD; dk Hkko fcYdqy Li"V gS fd D;k ge iwoZ esa dh xbZ xYkfr;ksa] dks lq/kjrs gq, Hkfo"; dks loZfgr esa ubZ rjg ls jpsaxs ;k fIkQj egklaxzke dh ,d ubZ fdrkc fy[ksaxs\ Hkkjr esa miHkksDrkvksa dk bruk

52 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | January 2010

cM+k [ktkuk gS fd dbZ vkSj dEifu;ka Hkh mrj vk,a rks Hkh miHkksDrkvksa dk VksVk ugha iMs+xkA miHkksDrkvksa dh Hkqxrku {kerk Hkh Bhd&Bkd gS] uk ys ik,a ds fy, ge lc ftEesnkj gSaA vius&vius esa my>s jgs] geus dHkh Hkh l;qaDRk iz;kl fd, gh ugha gSaA ysfdu ge djsa rc ifj.kke lq[kn vkSj pkSadkus okys vk,axsA geas Lo;a feydj lewph baM"Vªh ds csgrj Hkfo"; ds fy, la;qDr iz;kl djus gksxa As njsa fu/kZj.k dh izfØ;k fu.kZ;d nkSj esa gS] lHkh dks mldk gd feys vkSj miHkksDrkvksa ij Hkh uktk;t cks> uk yknk tk, dk fu.kZ; ge vkilh lg;ksx ls gh dj ldrs gSaA ns'k ds djksM+ksa dscy Vhoh miHkksDrkvksa esa Mh-Vh-,p viuh Hkkxhnkjh c<+k gh jgk gS] tcfd pkS[kV ij vkbZihVhoh Hkh nLrd ns jgk gS vkSj vc fgV~l Hkh ikao ilkjsxk ysfdu dscy Vhoh Hkh Hkxsxk ugha] cfYd igys ls csgrj O;olk; curk tk,xkA D;ksafd dEIVh'ku ls DokfyVh esa lq/kj gksus ds lkFk&lkFk njsa Hkh c<+rh tk,axhA O;kolkf;d izfrLi/kZ gks] ysfdu jaft'ksa ugha pkfg, o uk gh ,sls O;olk; esa vkijkf/d Nfo okyksa dh ,UVªh gksus nsuh pkfg,A rduhdh f'k{kk ds fy, vc ekxZ [kksys tkus pkfg,A bl O;olk; dks baM"Vªh dk ntkZ feys o leqfpr fodkl ds fy, bls lHkh izdkj ds djksa ls eqfDr fnyokbZ tkuh pkfg,A lSVVkWi ckWDl lfgr vusd ,fDoIeSUa V ij vk;kr 'kqYd dh NwV ds lkFk&lkFk ,d lfefr xfBr gksuk pkfg, tks ljdkjh vFkok xSj ljdkjh okrkZykiksa esa baM"Vªh dk ftEesnkjh ds lkFk izfrfuf/Ro djs ,oa lHkh i{kksa ds chp okrkZ ds ,sls nkSj de ls de gjsd rhljs eghus rks vo'; gksus pkfg, ysfdu eghus esa ,d cSBd jhtuy LRkj dh Hkh vo'; gksuh pkfg,A blh izdkj ls fujUrj iz;kl fd, x, rc fuf'pr gh lewph baM"Vªh ds fy, lq[kn ifj.kke vk,axsA 

fjiksVZ Hkkjrh; czkWMdkfLVax ,.M dscy Vhoh baM"Vªh ds orZeku gkykrksa ls fey jgs Hkkoh lEHkkoukvksa ds ladsrksa ij baM"Vªh ds lHkh i{kksa ds izeq[kksa ds lkFk ,d fnuh fopkj eU=k.kk dk vk;kstu dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa dh jk"Vªh; laLFkk ^vkWy bafM;k vkfo"dkj fM'k ,f.Vuk la?k* }kjk ^lh-,Vhoh ,.Vjizhfu;lZ Dyc dh lgHkkfxrk esa fd;k x;kA czkWMdkfLVax ,.M dscy Vhoh baM"Vªh esa layXu ns'k ds fofHkUu jkT;ksa ds 'kgjksa esa fLFkr fof'k"V O;fDRk;ksa

lSVdSc flEiksft;e ds vk;kstu esa Hkkx ysus ds fy, lwpuk o izlkj.k eU=kky; ,oa VSfydkWe jSX;qysVjh vFkkWfjVh vkWIkQ bf.M;k (TRAI) dks Hkh llEeku fuefU=kr fd;k x;k Fkk] ysfdu flEiksft;e esa lfEefyr gksus ls Hkh T;knk t:jh vU; dke jgs gksaxsA blhfy, nksuksa dk ekxZn'kZu ugha fey ldk] tcfd lSVdSc flEiksft;e dk vk;kstu j[kus dh i`"BHkwfe esa lcls cM+k dkj.k gh VªkbZ dh Hkwfedk jgh Fkh] D;ksafd ukWu dSl ,fj;k esa dscy Vhoh dh njsa fu/kZj.k izfØ;k esa dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa dk lg;ksx uk fey ikuk cgqr gh nqHkkZX;iw.kZ dgk tk,xkA lewph dscy Vhoh dE;qfuVh ds fy, blh izdkj ds dbZ vkSj egRoiw.kZ elyksa ij baM"Vªh ds fHkUu i{kksa dks ,d lkFk cSBkdj xEHkhj eU=k.kk ds fy, flEiksft;e vk;ksftr fd;k x;kA flEiksft;e esa Hkkx ysus ds fy, vkus okyksa dh lqj{kk o lqfo/k dks ns[krs gq, vk;kstu izxfr eSnku ds dkUIkzQaSl gky esa vk;ksftr fd;k x;kA nks pj.kksa esa lEiUu gq, lSVdSc flEiksft;e esa ljdkjh uhfr;ksa&rduhdh ØkfUr ,oa forj.k iz.kkyh o ijLij lEcU/ ksa dks ysdj foLr`r ppkZ,a gqbAZa ljdkjh uhfr funsZ'k ds vUrxZr ukWu dSl ,fj;k ds fy, dh tk jgh njsa r; djus ij VªkbZ dh izfØ;k ij dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa dh ykijokgh ds dkj.kksa ij xEHkhj eU=k.kk ds lkFk&lkFk fgV~l dks vuqefr fn, tkus vkSj fIkQj fons'kh fuos'k dh lhek c<+k dj 74» dj fn;s tkus ij Hkh ppkZ gqbZA blh izdkj flEiksft;e ds f}rh; pj.k esa fM"VªhC;w'ku ij dkIkQh foLrkj ls ppkZ gqbZA lHkh eqís ij ckr djrs&djrs vUr esa vkilh lEcU/ksa esa c<+rh tk jgh [kVkl ij xEHkhj ppkZ dh xbZA bu lHkh elyksa ds foLrkj esa tkus ds fy, baM"Vªh dh tfVyre gksrh tk jgh

xw¡t lSVdSc flEiksft+;e dh Mk- ,-ds- jLrksxh____________ dks Dyc dj xfBr gq, lh,Vhoh ,.Vjizhfu;lZ Dyc esa pSuy fM"VªhC;wVlZ ,e-,l-vks- gkMZo;s j baM"Vªh ds eSU;qIkQSDplZ lfgr ns'k ds lqifz l¼ Mhyj&VsMlZ bEiksVjZ vkSj ize[q k dscy Vhoh vkWijsVj Hkh 'kkfey gSaA baM"Vªh dh Hkkoh lEHkkoukvksa ij lHkh i{kksa ds fof'k"V O;fDr;ksa ds lkFk xEHkhj eU=k.kk gsrq vf/d ls vf/d lkfFk;ksa ds lg;ksx dh vko';drk dks ns[krs gq, gfj;k.kk ls 'kSysUnz pksiM+k ,oa iatkc ls lUuh fxy lg;ksxh cusA gkykafd ukxiqj] dkuiqj] xqtjkr] dksydkrk jktLFkku eè;izns'k vkfn lfgr vU; izns'kksa dk Hkh flEiksft;e esa izfrfuf/Ro jgk ysfdu gfj;k.kk] iatkc dh la[;k lokZf/d jghA

orZeku fLFkfr;ksa dks igys le>uk gksxkA vc loky ;g gS fd bu lcdks le>us dh dksf'k'k djus okyk gS dkSu\ czkMW dkLVlZ ,e-,l-vks- rks viuh&viuh t:jr ds fglkc ls eSuqiqys'ku ykWfcax dj og lc gkafly dj gh ysrs gSa tks mUgsa pkfg,A blfy, mUgsa bu elyksa esa flIkQZ bruh lh fnyPkLih gksrh gS fd vkf[kj ckdh dh ,sls ekeyksa ij jk; D;k gS ;k nwljs ,sls elyksa ij vkf[kj dguk D;k pkgrs gSa\ tcfd lcls detksj dM+h ds :i esa baM"Vªh dh lcls etcwr /qjh dh Hkwfedk fuHkk jgk ns'k dk dscy Vhoh vkWijsVj ,sls ekeyksa ds izfr vHkh fpfUrr gh ugha gS o uk gh mls bl baM"Vªh ds Hkfo"; esa >kadus dh vHkh IkQqlZr gSA og tSlk gS] tgka gS mlh esa vfrO;Lr vkSj eLr gSA tcfd Hkfo"; esa xHkZ esa tks Hkh dqycqyk jgk gS mldk lcls T;knk izHkko Hkh mlh vkWijsVj ij fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA ckr xouZesaV ikWfylh dh fd tk, rc Hkh ogka dksbZ Hkh dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa ds fgr dh lkspdj dke ugha dj jgk gS o uk gh VªkbZ vkWijsVjksa ds fgrksa dh j{kk ds fy, dke dj jgh gSA ysfdu czkWMdkfLVax ,.M dscy Vhoh baM"Vªh ds Hkfo"; ij ljdkjh izfØ;k,a tkjh gSAa dscy Vhoh ds ,dkf/dkj ds Hkze dks rksM+us ds fy, gh ljdkj us Mk;jsDV Vw gkse (DTH) dks izpyu dh vuqefr nhA MhVh,p ,d csgrj izfrLi/hZ lkfcr gqvk gS dscy Vhoh dk] tcfd vc ,d vkSj izfrLi/kZ (HITS) ds :i esa izpyu esa vk,xh ftls ljdkjh vuqefr fey xbZA bruk gh dkIkQh ugha cfYd fgV~l ds fy, fons'kh fuos'k dh lhek esa o`f¼ fd, tkus ls bl {ks=k esa dbZ fons'kh dEifu;ksa ds Hkh mrj vkus dh lEHkkouk,a cyorh gks xbZ gSaA ftldk izHkko lh/s&lh/s dscy Vhoh baM"Vªh ij iM+sxkA rc baM"Vªh dk izpfyr orZeku <+kapk iwjh rjg ls cny Hkh ldrk gSaA ,e,l-vks- ds fu;U=k.k ls Hkh ckgj gks ldrh

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fjiksVZ gS ;g baM"VªhA lEHkkouk,a ;g Hkh gSa fd gekjs cM+s ,e-,l-vks- Hkh fgV~l iz.kkyh ij tk ldrs gSaA fgV~l ds izpyu esa vkus ds ckn de ls de fMthVy iz.kkyh ;qDr dUVªksy :e dh la[;k lhfer gks tk,xhA rc ,d rjIkQ ls Mh-Vh-,p- vkSj nwljh vksj ls fgV~l dscy Vhoh miHkksDrkvksa dks viuh >ksfy;ksa esa Mkyus ij dEIkVh'ku djsaxsA blfy, ljdkjh uhfr&funsZ'kksa ij lewph baM"Vªh ds lkFk ,slh xEHkhj eU=k.kk furkUr vko';d FkhA baM"Vªh eas rduhdh lEHkkouk,a Hkh ,d ubZ fn'kk ns ldrh gaS] lewph dscy Vhoh dE;qfuVh dksA ns'kHkj ds dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa ij gh rduhdh ØkfUr dk lcls T;knk izHkko iM+xs k tcfd og bl elys ij vHkh xEHkhj gh ugha fn[kkbZ ns jgk gSA VSDuksykftdyh cnyko esa dbZ dkuwuh tfVyrkvksa ls Hkh nks pkj gksuk iM+sxk baM"Vªh dks] ysfdu vHkh og le; gS tc bu lc elyksa ij ,d lkFk cSBdj ckr dh tk ldrh gSA ;gh og le; gS tc bl baM"Vªh dks loZfgr esa lgh fn'kk dh vksj c<+k;k tk ldrk gSA baM"Vªh ds Hkfo"; esa fM"VªhC;w'ku ds {ks=k esa Hkh [kklh mBk iVd dh lEHkkouk,a cu jgh gSa] tks fd dkIkQh dqN rks rduhdh rkSj ij pqukSrh cusxh] tcfd lSVsykbV pSuyksa ij miyCèk ukuk izdkj ds dk;ZØeksa foKkiuksa ls Hkjk dkUVsaV~l dh DokfyVh dk egRo dscy Vhoh ds lkeus Mh-Vh-,p- o fgV~l dh pqukSrh Hkh de ugha gksxh tcfd vkbZihVhoh Hkh vc pkS[kV rd igqap gh x;k le>sAlSVdSc flEiksft;e esa dscy Vhoh ,DV dks ysdj Hkh foLr`r ppkZ dh xbZ vkSj czkWMdkfLVax dh vko';drk ij Hkh ppkZ gqbZA D;ksafd vHkh gky gh esa gfj;k.kk ljdkj }kjk tkjh dh xbZ vf/ lwpuk us lewph dscy Vhoh dE;qfuVh dk è;ku viuh vksj [khapkA lwpuk o izlkj.k eU=kky; Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk cuk, x, ^dscy Vhoh ,DV&1995* dh vuns[kh djrs gq,

gfj;k.kk jkT; ljdkj }kjk tkjh dh xbZ dscy Vhoh O;olk; ij dCtk djus dh ljdkjh vf/lwpuk ij mPp U;k;ky; dh jksd yxk fn, tkus ds ckotwn Hkh lewph dE;qfuVh ds fy, ;g Hkkjh fPkUrk dk fo"k; rks gS gh] D;ksafd bl elys ij lwpuk o izlkj.k eU=kky;] Hkkjr ljdkj ,oa jSX;wysVj (fu;ked) dh Hkwfedk fuHkk jgh VªkbZ us Hkh dksbZ fn'kk funsZ'k ;k lq>ko tkjh ugha fd;k gS gfj;k.kk ljdkj dks flEiksft;e esa reke leL;kvksa ds lkFk&lkFk fHkUu jkT;ksa esa yxk, x, djksa ij Hkh xEHkhj ppkZ dh xbZA bl lUnHkZ esa loky ;g Hkh lkeus vk;k gS fd dsUnzh; ljdkj }kjk cuk, x, dkuwu ^dscy Vhoh ,DV &1995* ds vUrxZr py jgh dscy Vhoh baM"Vªh ij dksbZ jkT; ljdkj dSls dj ykn ldrh gS\ ;gka ;g Hkh mYys[kuh; gS fd fHkUu jkT; ljdkjksa }kjk fluseSVksxzkIkQh ,DV ds vUrxZr dscy Vhoh ij euksjt a u dj yxk dj olwyk tk jgk gS tcfd dscy Vhoh ,DV&1995 ,oa fluseSVksxzkIkQh ,DV nksukas vyx&vyx gSaA gkykafd dsUnzh; ljdkj }kjk dscy Vhoh ls lsokdj Hkh olwyk tk jgk gSA fHkUu jkT;ksa esa euksjaTku dj olwyus ds fy, leku njsa Hkh ugha gS o uk gh ,d leku dkuwu gSaA ftlds dkj.k gjsd jkT; dh vyx leL;k,a gSa bl lnaHkZ esaA ,slh gh leL;k,a dSfjt IkQhl dks ysdj fHkUu czkWMdkLVlZ dks Hkh gSa dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa ls] ysfdu D;k blds fy, dscy Vhoh vkWijsVj gh nks"kh gSa\dscy Vhoh esa ubZ dEifu;ksa dk ,e-,l-vks- ds :i esa izos'k baM"Vªh ds lkjs lehdj.k fcxkM+ nsrk gSA tc Hkh FkksM+k lk fLFkj Lkh gksus yxrh gS ;g baM"Vªh rHkh blesa u, fx¼ mRkj vkrs gSa vkSj fIkQj ls Hkwpky mB tkrk gSA ;gh Øe ckj&ckj nksgjkrs &nksgjkrs fIkQj mlh gkykr esa tk igaqprh gS baM"VªhA blls mitrh leL;kvksa dk eqdfEey lek/ku Hkh vc ns'kHkj ds dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa

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dks gh <wa<uk gksxk] vU;Fkk lkSgknZiw.kZ lEcU/ksa esa nwfj;ka o dMqokgVsa c<+rh gh tk,axhA vkilh laca/ksa esa c<+rh [kVkl lnSo lcdks cspSu fd, jgsxh o lekt esa Hkh Nfo fcxM+rh tk,xh] ftldk ykHk lh/s&lh/s dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa ds izfrLif/Z;ksa Mh-Vh-,p ;k fIkQj fgV~l dks feysxkA ,sls gh vusd elyksa ij lkjs fnu pyh xEHkhj eU=k.kk esa ns'k Hkj ds izfrfuf/ ;kas us Hkkx fy;kA lSVdSc flEiksft;e esa fo'ks"k vfrfFk ds :i esa i/kjs duZy (iwoZ) ohlh- [kjs us lHkh elyksa ij gjsd ftKklk dk lUrq"V tokc fn;k] tcfd lqHkk"k xzksoj }kjk fgV~l dks dscy Vhoh dk Hkfo"; crk;k x;kA rduhdh tkudkjh ds fy, ekbZckDl ls vfer [kjcUnk ,uMh,l ls lehj ujlhdj ,oa ysVasl ,f'k;k ls jkgq y us g jk 'kfey gq , A flEiksft;e esa ;g Hkh fu.kZ; fy;k x;k fd ,slh ppkZvksa ds nkSj Hkfo"; esa Hkh tkjh jgsaxsA de ls de jk"Vªh; Lrj ij =kSekfld vkSj jhtuy Lrj ij izR;sd ekfld flEiksft;e vk;ksftr djrs gq, lkFk esa iM+kslh jkT;ksa dks tksM+rs gq, {ks=kh; Lrj dh 'kfDr laxBu dk flyflyk Hkh c<+k;k tk,xkA ehfM;k ds fo'ks"k /qjh dk nkf;Ro fuHkkus ds ckotwn Hkh gekjs izfr ehfM;k dh roTtks uk fn, tkus dk bykt Hkh Hkfo"; esa djuk gksxkA 'kh?kz gh lSVdSc flEiksft;e dh vksj ls Hkkjr ljdkj ,oa VªkbZ dks Hkh baM"Vªh dh leL;k,a j[kh tk,axh ,oa lSVdSc flEiksft;e ls baM"Vªh dk jk"Vªh; laxBu ^lSVdSc IkQksje* dk Hkh xBu fd;k tk,xk] ftlesa izR;sd jkT; ls de ls de ikap&2 izfrfuf/ ysdj vxyh cSBd ekpZ esa fnYyh esa cqykbZ tk,xhA vkfn&2 ppkZvksa ds lkFk cgqr lh ppkZ,a fnuHkj gqbaZ] fIkQj 'kh?kz gh la;qDr iz;klksa ls bl baM"Vªh dks ,d ubZ fn'kk nsus dh 'kq:vkr flEiksft;e ls dh xbZ gSA 

fjiksVZ 21 fnlacj%ubZ fnYyh% izxfr eSnku] gky uEcj 8 dkUIkzQsal gky esa vkfo"dkj ehfM;k izk- fy- }kjk lSVdSc flEiksft;e 2009 dk vk;kstu fd;k x;kA vk;kstu dk 'kqHkkjEHk nhi izTTofyr dj fd;k x;kA nhi izTtoyu Hkkjr ds dksus&dksus ls vk;s dscy Vhoh vkWijsVj izfrfuf/;ksa ds lkFk vkWy bafM;k vkfo"dkj fM'k ,aVhuk la?k ds vè;{k Mk- ,- ds- jLrksxh czkWMdkfLVax ehfM;k baM"Vªh vkCtcZj ysduZy (fjVk;MZ) oh-lh-[kjs flVh lSVy s kbV ds lqHkk"k xzksoj] ysVsal ,f'k;k ds jhtuy

djrs gq, duZy oh-lh-[kjs us dgk fd ljdkj dh tks uhfr;ka gSa] vkWijsVj mUgsa le>rs ugha] ;k fIkQj mUgsa ekywe gh ughaA mUgksaus fgV~l ij cksyrs gq, dgk fd fgV~l ij dsoy dqN gh ,e,lvks dh izfrfØ;k vkbZ gaAS ;g vius vki esa 'kkspuh; fo"k; gS fd ljdkj tc fdlh fo"k; ij vkWijsVjksa ls izfrfØ;k ekaxrh gS] rks mls mEehn ls Hkh de tokc feyrs gSaA dscy vkWijsVjksa dks lacksf/r djrs gq, duZy oh-lh-[kjs us dgk fd ,ukykWx flLVe dHkh ugha [kRe gksxkA dscy nksuksa gh flLVeksa (,ukykWx vkSj

MhVh,p daifu;ksa ls izfrLi/kZ dj ldrs gSaA mUgksasus dgk fd fgV~l vkWijsVj vkSj dscy vkWijsVj feydj dke djsaA ysVsal ,f'k;k ds jhtuy Mk;jsDVj jkgqy usgjk us dscy vkWijsVjksa dks lacksf/r djrs gq, dgk fd vxj miHkksDrkvksa dks 400 ls 500 pSuy eqgS;k djkuk gS] rks ;g dscy vkWijsVjksa }kjk gh laHko gSA yksdy foKkiu dh ckr gks rc Hkh dscy vkWijsVj gh bldk ekè;e cu ldrs gSaA ogha ^ekbZ ckWDl* ls vk;kstu dk fgLlk

lSVdSc flEiksft;e &2009

Mk;jsDVj jkgqy usgjk] ,uMh,l jhtuy lsYl dscy IysVIkQkWeZ] ,uMh,l lehj ujfldj] ekbZ ckWDl ds vfer [kjcank ,oa us fd;kA vk;kstu dks nks Hkkxksa esa ckaVk x;kA igyk Hkkx tgka ljdkjh uhfr;ksa ,oa rduhdh cnyko ij dsfUnzr Fkk] ogha nwljk Hkkx fMLVªhC;w'ku ,oa lHkh i{kksa ds ijLij lkSgknZiw.kZ laca/ksa ij dsfUnzr FkkA ljdkjh uhfr;ksa ij dk;ZØe dh 'kq:vkr

fMthVy) ds fy, iw.kZr% ikjn'khZ gSA ykLVekbZy vkWijsVjksa dks vius usVodZ esa lq/kj dh t:jr gSA 49 izfr'kr ,IkQMhvkbZ dksbZ daiuh ugha pkgrh blfy, bldh lhek c<+kdj 74 izfr'kr dj nh xbZ gSA flVh lSVsykbV ds lqHkk"k xzksoj us fgV~l ij vius fopkj j[krs gq, dgk fd fgV~l vPNk ekWMy gSA bls dscy vkWijsVjksa dks Lohdkj djuk pkfg,A mUgksaus dgk fd vkWijsVj bls viukdj vkbZihVhoh ,oa fofHkUUk

ljdkjh uhfr;ksa ij dk;ZØe dh 'kq:vkr djrs gq, duZy oh-lh[kjs us dgk fd ljdkj dh tks uhfr;ka gSa] vkWijsVj mUgsa le>rs ugha] ;k fIkQj mUgsa ekywe gh ughaA mUgksaus fgV~l ij cksyrs gq, dgk fd fgV~l ij dsoy dqN gh ,e,lvks dh izfrfØ;k vkbZ gaSA ;g vius vki esa 'kkspuh; fo"k; gS fd ljdkj tc fdlh fo"k; ij vkWijsVjksa ls izfrfØ;k ekaxrh gS] rks mls mEehn ls Hkh de tokc feyrs gSaA

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 57


cus vfer [kjcank us dgk fd lSVVkWi ckWDl fons'kksa ls eaxokus dh ctk; vius ns'k esa budk fuekZ.k djuk T;knk csgrj gSA mUgksaus dgk fd dscy vkWijsVjksa dks fdlh ubZ rduhd ls ijs'kku gksus dh t:jr ughaA vesfjdk esa rduhdh cnykoksa ds nkSj esa Hkh dscy vkijsVjksa dh vge Hkwfedk gSA Hkkjr esa dscy vkWijsVjksa dks vius IysVIkQkWeZ esa lq/kj ,oa miHkksDRkkvksa dks csgrj lqfo/k,a nsuh gksxhA jhtuy lsYl dscy IysVIkQkWeZ ^,uMh,l* ds lehj ujfldj us dgk fd vkt dscy vkWijsVj dkIkQh vkxs tk pqds gSa] fdUrq cktkj ds vuqlkj [kqn dks vixzsM ugha dj ik;s gSa] ftldh l[r t:jr gSA mUgksaus dgk fd MhVh,p lsokvksa dh ,d fuf'pr frfFk gS vkSj fcy is ugha] rks dusD'ku dV] okyh ckr gS ysfdu dscy vkWijsVj ds lkFk ,slk ugha gSA os viuh lsok,a tkjh j[krs gSaA lSVdSc flEiksft;e ds igys Hkkx esa ns'k ds fofHkUu fgLlksa ls vk, vkWijsVjksa us vfrfFk;ksa ds le{k vius loky j[ks] ftudk iSuy us ck[kwch tokc fn;kA vk;kstu ds igys Hkkx esa ftl fo"k; ij

[kkl rkSj ls ppkZ dh xbZ] og Fkh gfj;k.kk esa ^dscy Vhoh ij ykblsal*A gfj;k.kk ls vk, v'kksd pkoyk] 'kSyh pksiM+k us vius fopkj j[ksA mUgksaus dgk fd ^ykblsaflax eqís* ij ehfM;k us mudk lkFk ugha fn;kA mUgksaus dgk fd vHkh rks dksVZ ls bl eqís ij ^LVs* fey x;k gS] ysfdu gesa bl ij ,dtqVrk fn[kkuh gksxhA vk;kstu ds nwljs Hkkx esa fMLVªhC;w'ku ij cksyrs gq, vkWy bafM;k vkfo"dkj fM'k ,aVhuk la?k ds vè;{k ,oa dk;ZØe ds vk;kstd Mk- ,ds - jLrks x h us dgk fd fnYyh es a fMLVªhC;w'ku ds dkj.k dkIkQh ekjdkV eph gqbZ gSA blls igys fd baM"Vªh va/dkj ds xrZ esa pyh tk;s gesa feydj bl baM"Vªh dks cpkus ds fy, lkFkZd iz;kl djuk gksxkA fMLVªhC;w'ku ij lHkh vkWijsVj ,der fn[ksA mudk dguk Fkk fd lHkh dscy vkWijsVjksa dks laxfBr gksdj bl leL;k dk gy [kkstuk gksxkA lHkh us ljdkj dh bl ckr dk iqjtksj fojks/ fd;k fd vkWijsVj vius okLrfod xzkgd ugha crkrsA iatkc ls vk, lUuh fxy us iatkch Hkk"kk esa cksyrs gq, dgk fd tc panz'ks[kj jko vu'ku ij cSBdj rsyaxkuk jkT; dh ekax

58 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide |January 2010

ljdkj ls iwjh djok ldrk gS] rc ge lHkh dscy vkWijsVj ,dtqV gksdj ljdkj ls viuh ekax D;ksa ugh euok ldrsA egkjk"Vª ls vk, lqHkk"k ckars us dscy Vhoh baM"Vªh dks 20 lky dk cPpk dh laKk nsrs gq, dgk fd cPpk toku gks x;k gS] ml ij udsy Mkyus dh t:jr gS vU;Fkk og fcxM+ tk,xkA mUgksaus Hkh ,d laxBu dh ckr dhA ogha jktLFkku ls vk, guhIkQ us dgk fd dscy Vhoh baM"Vªh iq-u gksdj L=khfyax gSA tYnh gh bldk fyax ifjorZu dj nsuk pkfg,A D;ksafd lHkh dh utj bl ij yx xbZA guhIkQ us Hkh laxBukRed ,drk dh ckr dhA xks/jk ls vk, [kq'khZn us dscy vkWijsVjksa dh tkx:drk ij cy fn;kA lSVdSc flEiksft;e 2009 esa ftl ij lHkh dh lgefr cuh og Fkk] lSVdSCk IkQksjeA ;gka lHkh us feydj lSVdSCk IkQksje dk xBu fd;kA bl IkQksje ds tfj, ljdkj rd ftu ckrksa dks igaqpk;k tk,xk muesa 'kkfey gSa& & dscy Vhoh dks baM"Vªh dk ntkZ fn;k tk,A & iSl z dkSfa ly dh rjg dscy Vhoh dkaSfly cusA & dscy vkWijsVjksa dks ljdkjh foKkiu fn;k tk,A & ftyk Lrj ij ekWuVfjax desVh esa vkWijsVjksa dk izfrfuf/Ro gks & ljdkj dh IkQkbcj vkfIVd dscy vkWijsVjksa dks fj;k;rh njksa ij feysAa & ljdkj dscy dks lHkh djksa ls eqDr j[ksA bl rjg lSVdSc flEiksft;e 2009 dk lSVdSc IkQksje ds xBu ds lkFk lekiu gqvkA lHkh dscy vkWijsVjksa us vkilh Hkkxhnkjh ,oa laxBu dks etcwr djus ds ok;ns ds lkFk ;g iz.k fy;k fd os baM"Vªh dks etcwr djus dh gj laHko dksf'k'k djsaxsA 

VS D uks y ks t h is pSuyksa }kjk dh tkuh okyh mxkgh esa fujUrj c<+ksRrjh fd, tkus dh i`"BHkwfe esa ;gh eq[; dkj.k crk, tkrs gSa fd vkWijsVjksa ds dusD'ku cgqr T;knk gaS tcfd og is pSuyksa dks Hkqxrku cgqr gh de dusD'kuksa dk dj jgs gSaA izR;sd o"kZ u, ,xzhesVa esa dusD'kuksa dh la[;k c<+k;s tkus ij vkWijsVjksa o pSuy fM"VªhC;wVlZ ds chp [kklh [khaprku tSls jLe vnk;xh lh cu pqdh gSA bl elys dk vk'p;Ztud igyw ;g gS fd gjsd pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj] fdlh u fdlh xqzi ;kfu fd pSuy cqds dks fjizstsaV djrk gSA tSls fd th&VuZj ou vykbal ;k fiQj LVkj MSu vkfn&vkfnA cqds esa ,d ugha vusd pSuy gksrs gSaA gj ,d is pSuy ds fy, vyx&vyx ,xzhesVa dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa ls djok, tkrs gSaA

,d pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj tc fdlh vkWijsVj ds lkFk fdlh is pSuy dk ,xzhesaV lkbu djokrk gS rc mlds cqds essa 'kkfey fdlh nwljs is pSuy ls fHkUu gqvk djrk gS ,xzhesaVA vFkkZr izR;sd is pSuy dk jsV vkSj LySc fHkUUk gksrs gSaA tcfd pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj vkSj vkWijsVj ogh gksrs gSaA

,d pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj tc fdlh vkWijsVj ds lkFk fdlh is pSuy dk ,xzhesaV lkbu djokrk gS rc mlds cqds essa 'kkfey fdlh nwljs is pSuy ls fHkUu gqvk djrk gS ,xzhesaVA vFkkZr izR;sd is pSuy dk jsV vkSj LySc fHkUUk gksrs gSAa tcfd pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj vkSj vkWijsVj ogh gksrs gSaA vFkkZr ,d pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj ou vykbUl dks fjiztsUV djrk gS] rc lksuh dk LySc fMLdojh ds LySc ls fHkUUk gksrk gSA vkWijsVj ogh vkSj vkWijsVj ls ,xzhesaV djokus okys pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj Hkh ogh gSaA rc LySc ds ekeys esa lksuh& fMLdojh dk LySc Hkh ogh gksuk pkfg,] ysfdu ,slk gksrk ugha gSA D;ksafd lksuh vkSj fMLdojh ds jsV Hkh fHkUu gksrs gSaA

v.MjfMDys ; js ' ku dh gS vr% ;g fMDys;js'ku djus okyk dscy Vhoh vkWijsVj ugha cfYd og pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj gS tks / hjs&/hjs vkWijsVjksa ls dh tkus okyh olwyh esa yxkrkj o`f¼ fd, tk jgk gSA ,d pSuy ls vkjEHk dj ,d&,d djds vc vusd pSuyksa dk Hkqxrku og dscYk Vhoh vkWijsVjksa ls olwy jgk gSA pSuy fMLVªhC;wVj dks vPNh rjg ls tkudkjh gksrh gS fd dscy vkWijsVj ds fdrus duSD'ku gSa vkSj mlls pSuy pykus ds ,ot esa fdruh olwyh dh tk ldrh gSA njvly fdlh Hkh pSuy dks izlkfjr djokuk dscy Vhoh vkWijsVj dh ugha


Mk- ,-ds- jLrksxh____________ ou vykbUl ds cqds esa vHkh 20 pSuy gSa] tcfd th VuZj ds xqPNs esa rdjhcu 35 pSuy gSaA blh izdkj ls LVkj MSu vFkok vFkok vU; cqds izpyu essa gSa] ysfdu is pSuy fM"VªhC;wVlZ ,slk D;ksa djrs gSa ;g muls dksbZ iwNus okyk ugha gSA mudh ethZ ekuus ds fy, vkWijsVjksa dh foo'krk ns[kh tk ldrh gS] ugha rks dksbZ ,d pSuy ;k fiQj iwjk cqds gh gksrs nsj ugha yxrh gSA ckr

cfYd czkWMdkLVj dh t:jr gksrh gSA izlkj.k gksus ds ckn gh mldh fMek.M cu ikrh gSA blhfy, tc Hkh fdlh is pSuy dks yksdfiz; cukus ds fy, mlds izlkj.k dk nkf;Ro is pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj ds lqiqnZ fd;k tkrk gS rc mldh nj bl fglkc ls j[kh tkrh gS fd vkWijsVj ij de ls de vkfFkZd cks> iM+s] D;ksafd og vkWijsVj vU; pSuyksa dk vfFkZd cks> <+ks

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 63

VS D uks y ks t h gh jgk gksrk gSA fdUgh dkj.kkas o'k ;fn pSuy dk jsV T;knk j[kk tkrk gS] rc mldk LySc fuEurj j[k fn;k tkrk gS] D;ksafd igyk VkxsZV pSuy ds fy, yksdfiz;rk gkafly djuk gksrk gSA yksdfiz;rk ik ysus ds ckn dscy Vhoh vkWijsVj dh etcwjh Hkh cu tkrk gS pSuy dks izlkfjr djukA etcwjh cu tkus ds ckn pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj dk joS;k vyx gks tkrk gS vkWijsVjksa ds lkFkA rc rd pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj ds fy, ,xzheSaV fjU;w djokus dk dkj.k vk tkrk gS ftlds fy, dscy Vhoh

FkksM+k uk uqdj ds ckn vkWijsVj dksbZ fodYi uk ns[k veweu ?kqVus Vsd gh nsrk gS] ysfdu dbZ ekeyksa esa pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj dh tcnZLrh ds f[kykIkQ vkWijsVj fonzksgh cu tkrk gSA dHkh&dHkh ,sls elys VhMhlSV esa Hkh igqap tkrs gSa ;k fIkQj dscy vkWijsVj ds ;gka ls izlkj.k cUn Hkh dj fn;k tkrk gSA

vkWijsVj ij fd, tkus okys Hkqxrku esa o`f¼ djus dk nckc cuk;k tkrk gS ghA FkksM+k uk uqdj ds ckn vkWijsVj dksbZ fodYi uk ns[k veweu ?kqVus Vsd gh nsrk gS] ysfdu dbZ ekeyksa esa pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj dh tcnZLrh ds f[kykIkQ vkWijsVj fonzksgh cu tkrk gSA dHkh&dHkh ,sls elys VhMhlSV esa Hkh igqap tkrs gSa ;k fIkQj dscy vkWijsVj ds ;gka ls izlkj.k cUn Hkh dj fn;k tkrk gSA fdlh Hkh yksdfiz; is pSuy dk izlkj.k can djokuk dscy Vhoh vkWijsVj ds fy, vPNk ugha gksrk gSA ysfdu ,slh ukScr vDLkj vk tkrh gSA blh le; ds fy, dksbZ Hkh pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj dscy Vhoh vkWijsVj ds lkFk Hkjok, x,] fHkUu pSuyksa ds ,xzheSVa l dks myVrk&iyVrk gS] D;ksfa d vc mu ,xzhesVa l ~ dh dscy Vhoh vkWijsVj ds lokyksa ds tokc esa t:jr iM+ ldrh gSA rc vkWijsVj ds okLrfod duSD'ku fdrus gSa vkSj og Hkqxrku fdrus duSD'kuksa dk dj jgk gS dk Li"Vhdj.k Hkh fd;k tk ldrk gS ;gka lcls cM+k loky ;g gS fd vkWijsVj ls is pSuy ds fy, djok, tkus okys ,xzheSaV esa mlds duSD'kuksa dh la[;k fy[kokrk dkSu gS\ cgqr gh de vkWijsVjksa dks ;g tkudkjh nh tkrh gS fd mlls djok, x, ,xzheSVa esa fdrus duSD'kuksa dh la[;k ntZ dh xbZ gSA oSls rks dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa dks bruk vf/dkj gh ugha fn;k tkrk gS fd ftl ,xzhesaV ij muls lkbu fy, tkus gaS og igys mUgsa i<+us ds fy, ns fn;k tk,] i<+us ds ckn mudh lgefr gks rks muls lkbu Hkh djok, tk,aA foMEcuk ;g gS fd tc fdlh pSuy ds fy, pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj ,xzheSVa lkeus j[krk gS rc vkWijsVj pqipki crk, tkus okys LFkkuksa ij cl lkbZu fd, tkrk gSA vkWijsVj ls lkbu djok dj ml ,xzheSaV dks Hkjus dk dke Hkh ckn esa pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj gh iwjk djrk gSA vkWijsVj ds ikl rks ml ,xzhesaV dh dksbZ dkWih Hkh ugha gksrh gS

64 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide |January 2010

ftl ij mlus lkbu dj pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj dks Fkek fn;k gSA dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa ls vyx&vyx LyScksa ds vUrxZr ,xzhesaV pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj gh djokrs gaS] tcfd ml pSuy fM"VªhC;wVj ds ikl pSuyksa dk iwjk xqynLrk gksrk gSA lHkh dqN tc czkWMdkLVlZ us gh r; djuk gks r k gS rc Hkyk vkW i js V jks a ij vUMjfMDys;js'ku dk vkjksi D;ksa\ dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa dh v.MjfMDys;js'ku dh vkf[kj vko';drk gh D;k gS\ bl loky dks TRAI ,oa lwpuk o izlkj.k eU=kky;] Hkkjr ljdkj nksuksa dks feydj fopkjuk pkfg,A D;kafs d lewpk leqnk;&O;olkf;d csbZekuh dsoy mUgha fLFkfr;ksa esa djrk gS tc bZekunkjh ls thou;kiu dj ikuk lEHko gh uk gks o uk gh O;olk; dks cUn dj mlls Hkkx tkus ls dksbZ lek/ku fudyrk gks rc vkjksiksa dk cks> Hkh dU/ ksa ij yknuk foo'krk cu tkrk gSA blfy, dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa dks O;olkf;d ikjnf'kZrk ds fy, isfz jr fd;k tkuk pkfg, uk fd lnk ds fy, muds ekFks ij ,slk vkjksi fpidk nsuk pkfg,A vkWijsVjksa ij ;gh vkjksi ljdkjh rU=k Hkh yxkrk gS fd vkWijsVj iwjs duSD'kuksa dk dj Hkqxrku ugha djrs gaSA ;g vkjksi xyr ugha gaS ysfdu mudh foo'krk D;k gS mls Hkh rks tkuuk pkfg,A ftl fnu Hkh ljdkj ;k fIkQj is pSuy czkWMdkLVlZ dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa ls lkS izfr'kr duSd'kuksa dk Hkqxrku ysuk pkgsaxs] mlh fnu dscy Vhoh miHkksDrkvks dks dscy dh lgh dher dk Hkh irk yxsxk vkSj ljdkj ;k fIkQj czkWMdkLVlZ dks Hkh miHkksDrkvksa ds lEeq[k viuh okLrfod fLFkfr dk Hkku gks tk,xk ysfdu ;g rHkh gks ldrk gS tc czkWMdkLVlZ ds lkFk ljdkjh i{k Hkh tufgr esa bZekunkjh ls ,slk djuk pkgsaxsA blds fy, ns'kHkj ds dscy Vhoh vkWijsVjksa dks 'kk;n gh dksbZ ijs'kkuh gks] D;ksafd vkWijsVj dks rks mldk gd bZekunkjh ls fey gh tk,xkA 

iQks d l

18 o"kksZa ls vf/d dk yEck lIkQj r; dj pqdh dscy Vhoh baM"Vªh dks lgh fn'kk dh vksj ys tkus ds fy, vkWy bafM;k vkfo"dkj fM'k ,aVhuk la?k ds vè;{k Mk-,-ds- jLrksxh ds usr`Ro esa izxfr eSnku esa lSVdSc flEiksft;e dk vk;kstu gqvkA fHkUu jkT;ksa ls flEiksft;e esa Hkkx ysus igqaps czkWMdkfLVax ,.M dscy Vhoh lsok O;olk; esa layXu ize[q kksa ds lkFk&lkFk ys- duZy (fjVk;MZ) oh-lh-[kjs] MCY;w-MCY;w-vkbZ-,y ds dalyVSaV lqHkk"k xzksoj] ysVsal ,f'k;k lss jkgqy usgjk] ,uMh,l ds lehj ujfldj ekbZ ckWDl ds vfer [kjcank Hkh lgHkkxh cusaA vk;kstu dks nks Hkkxksa esa ckaVk x;kA igyk Hkkx tgka ljdkjh uhfr;ksa ,oa rduhdh cnyko ij dsfUnzr Fkk ogha nwljk Hkkx fMLVªhC;w'ku ,oa lHkh i{kksa ds ijLij lkSgknZiw.kZ laca/ksa ij dsfUnzr FkkA fnuHkj pys lSVdSc flEiksft;e esa baM"Vªh ds jk"Vªh; laxBu dh vko';drk dh ckr gj fdlh us tksj nsdj dghA blfy, laxBu ds xBu gsrq ^lSVdSc IkQksje* dk uke loZlEefr ls r; gks x;k] lkFk gh ns'k ds fHkUu jkT;ksa ls de ls de ikap&ikap izfrfuf/ IkQksje ds lnL; cukus dk izLrko Hkh ikfjr gqvkA ^lSVdSc IkQksje* ds fy, 'kSysUnz pksiM+k us gfj;k.kk dk ,oa Jh lUUkh fxy us ia t kc dk nkf;Ro la H kkyrs gq , X;kjg&X;kjg lnL;ksa dh ?kks"k.kk dh] tcfd egkjk"Vª fonHkZ dk nkf;Ro ukxiqj ls i/kjs Jh lqHkk"k ckars us o jktLFkku dk izfrfuf/Ro vlhe guhIkQ(jktlean) us o xqtjkr dk izfrfuf/Ro xks/jk ls i/kjs Jh [kq'khZn us fd;kA blds lkFk

gj rhu eghus ij ,d jk"Vªh; Lrj o gj eghus ij jkT; Lrj ds vk;kstu dk Hkh fu.kZ ; fy;k x;kA lkFk gh ekpZ eghus esa izxfr eSnku esa daotsZal bafM;k ds nkSjku jk"Vªh; lEesyu ds vk;kstu dh

?kks"k.kk dh x;h gSA bl rjg lSVdSc flEiksft;e 2009 dk lSVdSc IkQksje ds xBu ds lkFk lekiu gqvkA lHkh dscy vkWijsVjksa us vkilh Hkkxhnkjh ,oa laxBu dks etcwr djus ds ok;ns ds lkFk ;g iz.k fy;k fd os baM"Vªh dks etcwr djus dh gj laHko dksf'k'k djsaxsA 

czkWMdkLV ,oa dscy Vhoh baM"Vªh dk

lSVdSc IkQksje

lSVdSc IkQksje ds xBu ds rgr ftu ckrksa dks ljdkj rd igqapk;k tk;sxk muesa 'kkfey gSa& & & & & &

dscy Vhoh dks baM"Vªh dk ntkZ fn;k tk,A iSzl dkSafly dh rjg dscy Vhoh dkaSfly cusA dscy vkWijsVjksa dh ljdkjh foKkiukas esa Hkkxhnkjh r; gksA ftyk Lrj ij ekWuVfjax desVh esa vkWijsVjksa dk izfrfuf/Ro gks ljdkj dh IkQkbcj vkfIVd dscy vkWijsVjksa dks fj;k;rh njksa ij feysaA & ljdkj dscy dks lHkh djksa ls eqDr j[ks vkfn&2A January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 65

VS D uks y ks t h fnYyh ds nf{k.k bykds lfgr ns'k ds pkj egkuxjksa esa daMh'kuy ,Dlsl flLVe (dSl) dks ykxw gq, 31 fnlacj 2009 dks rhu lky gks x;s gSaA mYYks[kuh; gS fd jkt/kuh fnYyh lesr eqacbZ] pSUubZ vkSj dksydkrk ds nf{k.k {ks=k dk dscy vkijs'ku 31 fnlacj] 2006 dh jkr dSl ds gokys dj fn;k x;k FkkA dsUnzh; lwpuk ,oa izlkj.k ea=kky; dk nkok Fkk fd bl ubZ izo`fRr ls u dsoy miHkksDrk dks vPNh vkSj lLrh lsok feysxh] cfYd ljdkjh euksjatu dj dh pksjh Hkh :dsxhA ysfdu ,slk dqN Hkh ugha gqvkA cgjgky] fnYyh dh ckr djsa] rks nf{k.k if'pe fnYyh ftyk ds dqN fgLls lesr nf{k.k ftyk esa dSl ykxw gSA ckdh fgLls esa ,ukykWx flLVe ds rgr dscy vkijs'ku py jgk gSA djhc nks gtkj dscy vkWijsVj fnYYkh esa viuh lsok,a ns jgs gSaA crk nsa fd VªkbZ dks dqN ,slh f'kdk;ras feyh gSa fd dSl uksfVIkQkbM ,fj;k esa is pSuy fcuk lSVVkWi ckWDl ds Hkh fn[kk, tk jgs gSaA dSl ds ckjs esa crkrs pysa fd dSl ds fy, ,d lSVVkWi ckWDl yxkuk gksrk gSA ;g lSV VkWi ckDl dscy vkWijsVj eqgS;k djkrk gSA bldk [kpZ rdjhcu 1000 ls 1500 #i;s rd vkrk gSA vxj ?kj esa nks ;k nks ls vf/d Vsyhfotu lSV gSa] rks

blds fy, vyx&vyx lSVVkWi ckWDl yxkuk gksrk gSA gka vxj vki is pSuy pkgrs gSa rks blds fy, lSVVkWi ckWDl yxkuk vfuok;Z gksrk gSA vxj ,d ls vf/d Vhoh ij is&pSuy ns[kuk gS] rks gj Vhoh lSV ds fglkc ls is pSuy dk ewY; nsuk gksxkA vxj flIkQZ IkzQh&Vw&,;j pSuy ns[kus gSa] rks lSVVkWi ckWDl dh t:jr ugha gSA ^dSl dk fdLlk* dqN xzkgdksa dks le> esa ugha vk;k] rks os MhVh,p dh 'kj.k esa Hkh x,A ;gka ;g Hkh crkuk t:jh gS fd bl le; miHkksDrkvksa dks dscy vkWijsVjksa ds ekè;e ls dscy Vhoh lsok fey jgh gS] dSl esa Hkh dscy vkWijsVj gh dscy lsok igqapkus dk ekè;e gksrk gSA tcfd MhVh,p esa ughaA MhVh,p esa dscy Vhoh lsok,a xzkgdksa dks Mk;jsDV czkWMdkLVlZ ds ekè;e ls feyrh gSaA dscy vkWijsVjksa ds fodYi ds :i esa dSl dks ugha ns[kk tk ldrk gSA tcfd dSl vkSj dscy dk fodYi MhVh,p gSA fnYYkh esa MhVh,p /kjdksa dh la[;k Hkh c<+ jgh gSA MhVh,p ds lSVVkWi ckWDl dh dher yxHkx 2000 #i;s gSA blds vykok gj eghus 150&200 #i;s fcy vkrk gSA ;gka ;g Hkh mYys[kuh; gS fd ?kj esa ekStwn vxj nks Vsyhfotu esa MhVh,p lsok pkfg,] rks nks lSVVkWi ckWDl yxkuk t:jh gSA tcfd dscy Vhoh esa

dSl gqvk rhu lky dk

66 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | January 2010

,slk ugha gSA ,d ckj vki pkgs ftrus Vhoh lSVksa esa yxk ldrs gSaA [kSj dSl dks ysdj ljdkj vHkh dksbZ Bksl j.kuhfr ugha cuk ikbZ gSA tcfd fgV~l (gsMs.M bu n LdkbZ) dks Hkh vuqefr nh tk pq d h gS A fgV~ l ykxw gks u s ds ckn miHkksDrkvksa dks dscy Vhoh ds dbZ fodYi fey tk,axsA ns[kuk vc ;g gksxk fd miHkksDrk fdls viukrs gSa] dscy Vhoh] dSl] MhVh,p ;k fgV~lA

egaxk gS dSl fnYYkh ds nf{k.k bykds esa] tgka dSl ykxw gS ogka ds yksxksa dh f'kdk;r gS fd ;g dkIkQh egaxk gSA ,d rks lSVVkWi ckWDl [kjhnus dh etcwjhA nwljk is pSuy ns[kus ds fy, gj eghus fcy Hkjuk iMrk gSA ?kj esa vxj nks Vhoh lSV gksa] rks nksuksa ds fy, vyx&vyx lSVVkWi ckWDl [kjhnus iM+rs gSaA dqy feykdj dg ldrs gSa fd dSl dks ysdj nf{k.k fnYyh ds yksxksa dk vuqHko dM+ok gSA ,sls esa iwjh fnYyh esa dSl ykxw djus dh ckr dk D;k rqd jg tkrk gSA ljdkj miHkksDrkvksa dks ,slh lsok,a eqgS;k djk, tks lLrh gks] ,oa lHkh dks ilan vk,A

dSl xkFkk • 2002 essa dSl dk dUlsIV igyh ckj lq"kek Lojkt ds lwpuk ,oa izlkj.k eaf=kRo dky esa lkeus vk;kA • 2003 esa bls pkj egkuxjksa esa ykxw djus dh ckr dgh xbZA • 2004 esa jfo'kadj izlkn us bls pSUubZ esa ykxw djus dh ckr dh • 2005 esa dSl dks BaMs cLrs esa j[k fn;k x;kA t;iky jsM~Mh us bl ij jkT;ksa ls ppkZ dhA • 2006 esa vkf[kjdkj dSl ykxw gks gh x;kA 

fo'ys " k.k ehfM;k og ekè;e gS ftlds }kjk ge vius fopkjksa dks nwljksa ds lkeus j[krs gaSA lwpukvksa dk vknku&iznku djrs gaS ,oa fofo/ fo"k;ksa dk Kku vftZr djrs gaSA ehfM;k dks yksdra=k dk pkSFkk LraHk Hkh dgk tkrk gSA ehfM;k us vkt rsth ls fodkl fd;k gSA ehfM;k ds :iksa ftuesa lekpkj i=k] jsfM;ks] Vsyhfotu ds lkFk&lkFk baVjusV 'kkfey gS] dk viuk egRo gSA ;gka ge ehfM;k ds bUgha :iksa dh ppkZ dj jgs gSaA orZeku esa lekpkj i=k dk tks Lo:i gS] mlls vyx gVdj izkjafHkd nkSj dk Lo:i jgk FkkA igys pkSikyksa] iu?kVksa] eafM;ksa vkfn lkoZtfud txgksa ij tgka O;fDr ,df=kr gksrs Fks] ogha uxkM+k ;k MqxMqxh ctkdj] equknh (?kks"k.kk) lqukus dh izFkk FkhA jktk dh vksj ls iztk ds fy, Hkh gkFkh&?kksMk+ as ij cSBdj blh rjg lkoZtfud lwpuk,a ,oa vkns'k izlkfjr fd, tkrs FksA euq"; us tc ys[ku vkSj Hkk"kk dk fodkl dj fy;k] rks mldh vfHkO;fDr dk Lo:i cnykA ekS;Zdky esa mYys[k feyrk gS fd tulk/kj.k dks muds ;ksX; lwpukvksa ls voxr djk;k tkrk FkkA pk.kD; ml dky ds egku dwVuhfrK FksA jkT; esa ?kV jgh ?kVukvksa ds fooj.k ds fy, mUgksaus vk/qfud laoknnkrkvksa dh rjg dk;Zdq'ky xqIrpj j[kus dh lykg nh FkhA v'kksd us Hkh blh iz.kkyh esa f'kykys[kksa dks viuk;kA eqxy lezkVksa us viuh dhfrZ vkSj lkezkT; dh [kkst [kcj ds fy, U;wt ysVj laLFkk fodflr dhA vkf[kjh eqxy ckn'kkg cgknqj 'kkg tiQj ds dky esa gkFk ls fy[kk gqvk ^fljkt my v[kckj* fudyrk FkkA vo/ ds uckoksa ds ;gka Hkh v[kckj uohl gqvk djrs FksA N=kifr f'kokth] ukuk iQM+uohl jktiwr] fl[k rFkk ejkBk njckj esa Hkh lekpkj ys[kd FksA ijarq vkt ftl vFkZ esa v[kckj dks fy;k tkrk gS ml vFkZ esa ;s [kjs ugha mrjrsA u rks buesa tutkxj.k dk Loj Fkk vkSj u gh yksd eaxy dh HkkoukA vke vkneh ls Hkh budk dksbZ ljksdkj ugha FkkA thou ds fofo/ {ks=kksa ds izfr Hkh ;s mnklhu FksA Hkkjr esa lu~ 1766 esa vaxzsth i=kdkfjrk ds cht fn[kkbZ nsrs gaSA Hkkjrh; i=kdkfjrk ds vkfn iq:"k fofy;e cksYVl us i=kdkfjrk dh uhao j[kus dk iz;kl fd;kA vaxt sz daiuh muds bl dk;Z ls ckS[kykdj cnyk ysus ij mrj vkbZ vkSj mUgsa tcju fczVsu Hkst fn;k x;kA Hkkjr esa 29 tuojh] 1780 dks dydÙkk esa ^caxky xtV* uked v[kckj dk izkjaHk fd;k x;kA ysfdu fgaanh dk igyk v[kckj tqxy fd'kksj 'kqDy ds lEiknu esa ^mnUr ekrZ.M* uke ls 30 ebZ] 1826 dks dydÙkk ls izdkf'kr gqvkA 11 twu] 1846 dks dydÙkk ls gh ^ekrZ.M* uked lkIrkfgd ikap Hkk"kkvksa eas izdkf'kr gqvkA 1848 esa bankSj ls iafMr izseukjk;.k us ^ekyok* v[kckj fudkykA 1857 rd fuajrj dqN izeq[k i=k

ehfM;k% dy vkt vkSj dy Hkku mn;_______ fudyrs jgsA buesa loZfgrdkjh /eZizdk'k] rRocksf/uh] lR; nhid vkfn i=kksa us i=kdkfjrk ds {ks=k esa foLrkj dj fy;kA bu v[kckjksa ds izdk'ku esa tks 'kgj izeq[k jgs Fks os gSa& Xokfy;j] cjsyh] vgenkckn] ykgkSj] tEew d'ehj vkfnA dydÙkk ls gh izFke nSfud ^lqèkko"kZu* fudyk] ftlus vaxzsth gqdwer ds fo:¼ >aMk cqyan fd;kA Lora=krk ls igys fganh i=kdkfjrk us ysftLysfVo dkmafly (fo/ku ifj"kn) esa Hkkjrh; izfrfuf/Ro] izkarh; ysftLysfVo dh ekax] fczfV'k laln esa Hkkjrh; izfrfuf/Ro dh ekax] vkfFkZd 'kks"k.k] Lons'kh vkanksyu] lkekftd lq/kj vkfn ij Lo;a dks dasfnzr fd;k FkkA fczfV'k 'kklu us i=kdkfjrk dks /jk'kk;h djus ds mís'; ls izsl vf/fu;e 1857] jsX;wys'ku vkWiQ fizafVax izsl ,.M U;wt isilZ ,DV 1867] xyk?kkasV izsl vf/fu;e 1878] vkWfiQ'k;y flØsV~l vf/fu;e] 1889 rFkk jktnzksg vf/fu;e January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 69

fo'ys " k.k 1898 vkfn oS/kfud vojks/ iSnk fd,A fdarq ns'k dh Lora=krk ds fy, izfrc¼ i=kdkjkas us gj laHko iz;kl dks viuk;k vkSj vktknh dh vy[k txk, j[khA ns'k dh vktknh ls igys i=kdkfjrk ,d fe'ku FkhA fe'ku 15 vxLr] 1947 dks iwjk gqvkA ns'k dks vktknh feyhA vktknh ds ckn lafo/ku esa nh xbZ vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=krk ekSfyd vf/dkj cu xbZA jk"Vª dks fdl izdkj etcwr cukuk gS] vke turk dh ckrksa dks dSls 'kklu rd igqapkuk gS] lekpkj i=k bldk ekè;e cu x,A ;kuh turk dh vkokt cu x, lekpkj i=kA èkhjs&/hjs nSfud i=kksa dh la[;k c<+rh x;hA buesa jktLFkku if=kdk] nSfud HkkLdj] nSfud tkxj.k] uoHkkjr VkbEl] iatkc dsljh] fgUnqLrku vkfn ds uke izeq[krk ls fy;s tk ldrs gSaA

fd;kA 26 vxLr] 1927 dks dydÙkk dsanz dk Hkh mn~?kkVu gqvkA jsfM;ks czkMdkfLVax dk ckn esa uke cnydj ^bafM;u LVsV czkWMdkfLVax* lfoZl dj fn;kA blh chp vkfFkZd ladV ds eísutj fczfV'k ljdkj us 5 ebZ] 1932 dks ;g fu.kZ; fd;k fd ^bafM;u LVsV czkWMdkfLVax lfoZl* dh lsok ;fn lqpk: :i ls tkjh j[kuh gS] rks mls fu;fer èku dh miyC/rk cuh jguh

jsfM;ks izlkj.k ckr jsfM;ks dh djsa] rks Hkkjr esa jsfM;ks izlkj.k dh 'kq:vkr futh daifu;ksa ds ekè;e ls gqbZA VkbEl vkWiQ bafM;k o Mkd rkj foHkkx us feydj cEcbZ ls jsfM;ks dk;ZØeksa ds izlkj.k dh 'kq:vkr dh FkhA enzkl ds izslhMaslh jsfM;ks Dyc us 31 tqykbZ] 1924 dks gYds&iQqYds euksjatd dk;ZØe 'kq: fd, FksA Dyc ds lHkh lnL;ksa ds lg;ksx ls ,d 'kkWVZ oso VªkalehVj yxk;k x;k FkkA fdarq ;g xfr vf/d le; rd tkjh ugha jg ldhA jsfM;ks izsfe;ksa us izsl izfrfuf/;ksa ds lkFk feydj ljdkj ls okrkZ tkjh j[kh vkSj jsfM;ks LVs'ku LFkkfir djus dh izfØ;k dks r; djus ds fy, fopkj fd;kA ekpZ 1926 esa ^bafM;k czkMdkfLVax* daiuh

pkfg,A bl izk;kstu gsrq mlus bafM;u ok;jySl VsyhxzkiQh ,DV ykxw fd;kA ljdkjh rkSj ij xzkeksiQksu ds fjdkWMksaZ vkSj jsfM;ks lSVksa dks eaxkus ds 'kqYd esa 50 izfr'kr dh o`f¼ dh xbZA dk;ZØeksa esa visf{kr lqèkkj ds fy, fnYyh esa jsfM;ks LVs'ku cukus dk iQSlyk fd;k x;kA 1 ekpZ] 1935 dks Hkkjr ljdkj ds m|ksx o Je foHkkx ds fu;a=k.k esa daVªksyj vkWiQ czkWMdkfLVax dk in fufeZr fd;k x;kA bl ij chchlh ds vf/dkjh yk;uy fiQYMsu dks fu;qDr fd;k x;kA Hkkjr tSls ns'k esa rRdkyhu le; esa izlkj.k dh mi;qDr O;oLFkk djuk ,d pqukSrh Hkjk dk;Z FkkA 8 twu] 1936 dks ^bafM;u LVsV czkWMdkfLVax lfoZlst* dk uke cny dj ^vky bafM;k jsfM;ks*(,vkbZvkj) dj fn;k x;kA fnYyh dasnz ls tc jsfM;ks izlkj.k 'kq: gq, rks muesa 'kgjh o xzkeh.k nksuksa {ks=kksa ds Jksrkvkasa dh ilan 'kkfey dh xbZA ^vky bafM;k jsfM;ks* ds vU; dsanzksa dh LFkkiuk djus ds mís'; ls tuojh 1937 esa vkWy bafM;k jsfM;ks dk laLFkkiu izHkkx [kksyk x;kA blh o"kZ ,d vuqla/ku foHkkx Hkh [kksyk x;kA fnYyh esa gh 9 flracj] 1937 esa vky bafM;k jsfM;ks ds izFke lEiknd(lekpkj) Jh pkYlZ okUlZ us dk;ZHkkj laHkkyk vkSj lekpkj izlkj.k gsrq laVs ªy U;wt vkxsuZ kbts'ku xfBr fd;k x;kA vkdk' ds fo"k; esa tkudkjh miyC/ djkus ds dk fuekZ.k gqvkA daiuh us ljdkj ls 13 flracj] 1926 dks fy, ^bafM;u fyluj* if=kdk dk izdk'ku fd;k x;kA fganh esa izlkj.k djus dk ykblasl izkIr fd;k vkSj cacbZ o dydÙkk esa ;g ^lkjax* uke ls vkSj mnwZ esa ^vkokt* uke ls izdkf'kr gksus ehfM;e osc VªkalehVj yxk, x,A 23 tqykbZ] 1927 dks Hkkjr ds yxhA vkdk' ds mn~Hko o fodkl dh izfØ;kvkas ij n`f"V rRdkyhu ok;ljk; ykMZ bfoZu us cEcbZ LVs'ku dk mn~?kkVu 70 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | January 2010

fo'ys " k.k Mkysa rks izeq[k ?kVukØeksa dk fooj.k laf{kIr :i ls fuEufyf[kr rjhds ls lwphc¼ fd;k tk ldrk gS% 1919 fczVus esa igyk izlkj.k Vªkl a ehVj psEclZiQksMZ esa ekdksuZ h }kjk LFkkfirA 1920 fo'o Hkj eas jsfM;ks izlkj.k dsanz [kqysA 1921 2 uoacj dks vesfjdk esa igyk jsfM;ks izlkj.k dsanz ihV~lcxZ esa 'kq: fd;k x;kA 1922 fo'oHkj esa 100 ds djhc jsfM;ks izlkj.k dsanz [kqysA 1923 fczVsu esa igyk iksVsZcy jsfM;ks fjlhoj cktkj esa izk;ksfxd rkSj ij Hkstk x;kA twu ekg esa cEcbZ esa jsfM;ks Dyc dh LFkkiuk rFkk izlkj.k 'kq:A dksydkrk esa jsfM;ks Dyc dh LFkkiukA 1926 Hkkjr esa fof/or jsfM;ks izlkj.k 'kq: o ykblsaflax izfØ;k 'kq:A 1927 23 tqykbZ dks eqEcbZ esa bafM;u czkWMdkfLVax dEiuh dh LFkkiuk o eqEcbZ esa gh jsfM;ks LVs'ku 'kq:A 1930 bafM;u LVsV czkWMdkfLVax lfoZl dk xBuA 1933 ch-ch-lh- }kjk 'kkWVZ osc vksojlht lfoZl izkjaHkA 1935 30 vxLr dks fiQYMsu izlkj.k lsok ds igys daVªksyj cusA 1936 1 tuojh dks fnYyh esa vyhiqj jksM ij ^fnYyh jsfM;ks LVs'ku* dh LFkkiukA 8 twu dks bafM;u LVsV czkMW dkfLVax lfoZl dk uke cny dj vkWy bafM;k jsfM;ks dj fn;k x;kA 1941 24 vDVwcj dks Hkkjrh; lwpuk izlkj.k ea=kky; dh LFkkiuk dh xbZA 1943 ubZ fnYyh esa czkWMdkfLVax gkmQl dh LFkkiuk gqbZ o vkWy bafM;k jsfM;ks bl bekjr esa djus yxkA 1947 Hkkjr dh Lora=krk o lÙkk gLrkarj.k dk lh/k izlkj.k vkWy bafM;k jsfM;ks }kjk iwjs ns'k esa fd;k x;k 12 uoacj dks egkRek xka/h us igyk jsfM;ks izlkj.k Hkkjrh; turk ds uke laizsf"kr fd;kA

blh izfØ;k esa ,iQ,e cSaM dk tUe gqvk gSA iw o Z es a 'kkW V Z os o o ehfM;e oso ds vusd pSuy dk;Zjr FksA fdarq ,iQ,e ds vkxeu us nq f u;k gh cny nhA izlkj.k dk O;kid {ks=k] èofu dh csgrj izLrqfr o dk;ZØeksa dk oSfoè; ,iQ,e jsfM;ks dh fo'ks"krk gSA Hkkjr eas vusd futh laLFkkuksa dks ,iQ,e jsfM;ks ds ykblsal fn, x, gSaA ;s ns'k ds pkjksa egkuxjksa eqEcbZ] fnYyh] dksydkrk] psUubZ ls ysdj cM+s 'kgjksa rd esa viuk tky iQSyk jgs gSAa jsfM;ks fephZ] jsfM;ks flVh] jsM ,iQ,e] ,iQ,e xksYM vkfn izeq[k ,iQ,e jsfM;ks LVs'ku gaSA

Vsyhfotu izlkj.k ckr Vsyhfotu dh djsa rks 15 flracj] 1959 dks Hkkjr esa Vsyhfotu dh 'kq:vkr gqbZA vkdk' Hkou ds ,d fgLlsa eas cuk, x, NksVs LVwfM;ks dk mn~?kkVu MkW- jktsUnz izlkn us fd;kA nwjn'kZu ds izFke funsZ'kd ^'kSysUnz 'kadj* FksA izFke VªkalehVj 500 okV dk Fkk vkSj ;g chl fdeh ds nk;js esa izlkj.k dks lqfuf'pr

,iQ-,e- cSaM czkWMdkfLVax jsfM;ks vius fodkl ls ysdj orZeku rd dHkh Hkh vizklafxd ugha jgkA mlds vk;keksa ,oa izLrqfr;ksa esa le; o lekt dh ekax ds vuqlkj ifjorZu gksrs jgs gSAa vkt viuh ;ksX;rkvksa ds cy ij gh jsfM;ks Vsyhfotu ,oa baVjusV tSls ekè;ekas ds chp Hkh viuh fof'k"V txg cuk, gq, gSA laiw.kZ fo'o esa vkt Hkh jsfM;ks lcls lLrk f'k{kk] lwpuk o euksjt a u ekè;e ekuk tkrk gSA fodkl dh

dj ldrk FkkA 1960 esa Lora=krk fnol lekjksg dk lh/k izlkj.k nwjn'kZu ls fd;k x;k FkkA 'kq: esa Vsyhfotu lSV cgqr egaxs FksA ,sls esa lkeqnkf;d lSV ds ekè;e ls dk;ZØe fn[kk, tkrs FksA ;s lSV ;wusLdks ls vuqnku ls feys Fks vkSj bu lSVksa ds lkFk n'kZdksa ds VsyhDycksa dh LFkkiuk dh xbZ Fkh] tgka fu;fer n'kZd lnL; Vsyhfotu dk;ZØe dk ykHk mBkrs FksA Vsyhfotu ds fodkl dh J`a[kyk esa 15 vxLr] 1965 dks vky January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 71

fo'ys " k.k bafM;k jsfM;ks dk ,d cM+k gky Vsyhfotu LVwfM;ks esa cnyk x;kA lkFk gh dk;ZØe fuekZ.k o izlkj.k dh xq.koÙkk dks lqèkkjk x;kA lekt] laLd`fr] f'k{kk] lekpkj ds i{kksa dks blls tksM+k x;kA 16 tuojh] 1967 dks bafnjk xka/h us d`f"k n'kZu dk;ZØe dh 'kq:vkr dhA 2 vDVwcj] 1972 dks cEcbZ esa o 26 tuojh] 1973 dks Jhuxj esa nwjn'kZu dsanz 'kq: fd;k x;kA 29 flracj] 1973 dks ve`rlj dsanz 'kq: gqvkA 27 vizSy] 1975 esa tkya/j dsanz LFkkfir gqvkA 9 vxLr ]1975 dks dydÙkk dsanz 14 vxLr 1975 dks enzkl rFkk uoacj 1975 esa y[kumQ dsanz 'kq: gks x,A vizSy 1976 esa nwjn'kZu jsfM;ks ls Lora=k ,oa vyx izHkkx cuk vkSj bldk viuk vyx ls egkfuns'kky; cukA mYys[kuh; gS fd Hkkjr esa mixzg VSDukWykWth ls lacafèkr igyk iz;ksx Fkk ^lsVsykbV baLVªD'kuy Vsyhfotu ,DlisfjeasV* (lkbV) tks l=k 1975&76 esa fd;k x;kA lkekftd f'k{kk ds fy, ;g vius vki esa vfHkuo iz;ksx fo'oHkj esa igyk iz;kl FkkA 1982 esa fnYyh o vU; VªaklehVj ds chp mixzg }kjk fu;fer laidZ ds lkFk jk"Vªh; izlkj.k dh 'kq:vkr gqbZA lkFk gh nwjn'kZu us jaxhu izlkj.k dh 'kq:vkr Hkh dhA fnYyh esa vk;ksftr gq, ,f'k;kbZ [ksyksa ds eísutj ;s iz;kl 'kh?kz o viwoZ Lo:i esa ykxw gq,A 1992 ls Vsyhfotu lqfo/kvkas esa fujarj fodkl gks jgk gSA nwjn'kZu us rhu Lrjksa okyh cqfu;knh lsok pykbZ gS] tks jk"Vªh;] izknsf'kd o LFkkuh; Lrj ij dk;ZØe esa mu ?kVukvksa] eqíksa vkSj lekpkjksa ij cy fn;k tkrk gS] ftlesa lewps jk"Vª dh fnYkpLih gksrh gSA bu dk;ZØeksa esa lekpkj] foKku] lkaLd`frd if=kdk,a] o`Ùkfp=k] lhfj;y] laxhr&ukVd o iQhpj fiQYe 'kkfey gksrh gaSA 1984 esa fnYyh esa nwljs pSuy ^esVªks* dk izlkj.k 'kq: gqvkA ftldk mís'; egkuxj ds fofo/ oxksZa dks dk;ZØe ns[kus dk ,d vU; fodYi miyC/ djkuk FkkA ckn esa ;g lqfo/ k eqEcbZ] dksydkrk o psUubZ ds n'kZdksa dks Hkh lqyHk djkbZ xbZA 1993 esa bu pkj {ks=kksa ds HkwfLFkr VªkalehVjksa dks mixzg ls tksM+k x;k rkfd 'kgjh n'kZdkas dks euksjatu dk csgrj fodYi miyC/ gks ldsA ns'k ds vU; Hkkxksa ds n'kZdksa ds fy, Hkh ;g lqfo/k orZeku esa lhèks izlkj.k ds :i esa lqyHk djkbZ xbZ gSA nwjn'kZu us vius varjkZ"Vªh; Lo:i dks Hkh fu[kkjk gSA varjkZ"Vªh; pSuy] nwjn'kZu bafM;k 1995 ls dk;Zjr gSA bldk izlkj.k ,f'k;k] vÚhdk o ;wjksi ds 50 ns'kksa rd igqap jgk gSA vesfjdk o dukMk gsrq blds izlkj.k ih- ,,l-&1 vkSj ih-,-,l&4 ls fd, tk jgs gSaA blds dk;ZØe 24 ?kaVs izlkfjr gksrs gaSA 72 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | January 2010

baVjusV lekpkj i=k] jsfM;ks ,oa Vsyhfotu ds ckn ckr djrs gSa baVjusV dhA dEI;wVj o lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh ds fy, baVjusV ,d ,slk lapkj ekè;e gS] tks laiw.kZ txr ij Nk;k gqvk gSA lwpuk o Kku dk ;g vFkkg HkaMkj gSA ^baVjusV* ls tqM+rs gh O;fDr ds fy, Kku o lwpuk dh vFkkg nqfu;k lkeus vk [kM+h gksrh gSA baVjusV dk ;g vFkkg lalkj ?kjsyw daEI;wVj ls ysdj cM+&s cM+s O;kolkf;d laLFkkvksa ds dEI;wVj rd viuk deky fn[kk ldrk gSA ,d ^eksMse* VsyhiQksu ykbu] baVjusV dusD'ku dh enn ls dEI;wVj baVjusV lqfo/k dk nkrk cu tkrk gSA vius mn~Hko dky esa fdlh us ugha lkspk Fkk fd ;g ekè;e ,d ^fDyd* ds b'kkjs ij iwjs fo'o esa lwpuk ra=k lfØ; dj ldsxkA bldh 'kq:vkr 1960 ds vafre n'kdksa dh nsu gSA rc ;wukbZVsM LVsV ljdkj us ,d ,sls ra=k dh LFkkiuk ds fo"k; esa lkspk] ftlesa

lHkh lapkj ykbuksa dks U;wfDy;j ;q¼ dh n'kk esa lqpk: j[kk tk ldsA os ,d dsanzh; daVªksy ugha pkgrs Fks] D;ksafd ,slh n'kk eas blls tqM+k laiw.kZ ra=k csdkj ,oa vizHkkoh gks ldrk FkkA mudh ,Mokal fjlpZ izkstsDV ,tsUlh (,vkjih,) us fodsanhz d`r O;oLFkk dk ,d uewuk rS;kj fd;kA tks 1969 esa rS;kj gqvk vkSj blus fo'ofo|ky;ksa dks ^vikZusV* uke ls tksM+kA /hjs /hjs ;g ra=k lfØ; gqvk vkSj laiw.kZ fo'o dks blus baVjusV uke ls tksM+ fn;kA baVjusV ftls laf{kIr esa ^usV* dgk tkrk gS dk lcls egRoiw.kZ igyw gS oYMZ okbM oscA bldh lsokvksa esa izeq[k gS& bysDVªkWfud esy ,oa pSfVax] lpZ] MkmQuyksM vkfnA 

pS u y dk;Z Ø e

,uMhVhoh beSftu dks [kjhnus dh eatwjh feyh cksMZ us iz.ko jk; dh daiuh ,uMhVhoh ds euksjatu pSuy beSftu dks 12-65 djksM+ MkWyj esa [kjhnus dh eatwjh ns nh gSA ;g vf/xzg.k Vkbe okuZj dh daiuh VuZj ,f'k;k iSlsfIkQd osaplZ djsxhA crk;k tk ehfM;k eqxy dgykus okys jgk gS fd foÙkh; ladV ls :iVZ eMksZd dh daiuh Vkbe tw> jgh ,uMhVhoh dks bl okuZj us dgk gS fd mlds lkSns ls dqN jkgr feysxhA

gkFk ds b'kkjs ls pysxk Vhoh tYn gh ,slh rduhd vkidks ns[kus dks feysxh] ftlds tfj, vki gkFk ds b'kkjs ls Vhoh dks vkWu&vkWIkQ dj ldsaxs] pSuy cnyuk laHko gksxkA ;kuh fjeksV dh dksbZ t:jr ugha gksxhA mYys[kuh; gS fd Hkkjrh; ewy ds ,d oSKkfud jes'k HkkLdj vkSj eSlkpqlVS l ~ baLVhV~;Vw vkWIkQ VSDuksykWth ehfM;k ySc ds muds ny us vke ,ylhMh LØhu dks vc ,d Vhoh esa rCnhy fd;k gSA bl LØhu dks dksbZ Hkh O;fDr fcuk Nq,] gok esa gkFk feykdj fu;af=kr dj ldrk gSA

tcku laHkky ds 90 ds n'kd esa nwjn'kZu ij ,d 'kks dkIkQh pfpZr FkkA bldk uke Fkk tcku laHkky dsA ;g iqu% izlkfjr fd;k tk,xkA fdUrq n'kZd bls vc gkse Vhoh ds tfj;s NksVs insZ ij ns[k ldsaxsA njvly 'ksek: daiuh us bl /kjkokfgd dh ohlhMh ,oa MhohMh cktkj esa mrkjh gSA n'kZd ?kj esa bldk yqRIkQ mBk ldrs gSaA

;'k pksiM+k dk tknw vc NksVs insZ ij Hkh pysxk

o"kZ 2009 esa pSuyksa dks tkjh fd, x, 50 uksfVl

th gka n'kZdksa esa viuh jksekafVd fIkQYeksa ds tfj, vyx igpku j[kus okys e'kgwj fIkQYe fuekZrk ;'k pksiM+k vc NksVs insZ ij Hkh viuk tknw fc[ksjus tk jgs gSaA pksiM+k ds okbZvkj,IkQ Vhoh us vius ikap dk;ZØeksa ds izlkj.k ds fy, lkekU; euksjatu pSuy lksuh ,aVjVsuesaV Vsyhfotu ls fo'ks"k le>kSrk fd;k gSA ;s dk;ZØe 'kqØokj 'kfuokj vkSj jfookj dks jkr esa 8 ls 10 cts ds chp izlkfjr fd, tk,axsA

vkifÙktud lkexzh ds izlkj.k dh f'kdk;rsa feyus ds ckn bl lky (o"kZ 2009) esa fofHkUu pSuyksa dks djhc 50 uksfVl tkjh fd, x;sA blds vykok vHkh rd 512 futh mixzg Vhoh pSuyksa dks vifyafdax vkSj MkmQufyafdax fn'kk funsZ'kksa ds rgr btktr nh xbZ gSA buesa ls fLkIkQZ 485 Vhoh pSuyksa dks Hkkjr esa MkmQufyad djus dh btktr nh gSA ckdh 27 pSuyksa dks Hkkjr ess flIkQZ vifyad djus dh btktr feyh gSA blds lkFk gh ns'k ds 55 'kgjksa esa dSl ykxw djus dh Hkh ;kstuk gSA mDr ckrsa xr fnuksa jkT;lHkk esa iz'udky ds nkSjku lwpuk ,oa izlkj.k ea=kh vafcdk lksuh us dghaA January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 75

pS u y dk;Z Ø e

vè;kRe ds lgkjs n'kZd tqVkus dh dksf'k'k bu fnuksa ftu nks pSuyksa esa tcjnLr izfrLi/kZ ns[kus dks fey jgh gSA muds uke gSa dylZ vkSj LVkj IylA dHkh uacj ou dh dqlhZ ij o"kkasZ fojkteku jgus okys LVkj Iyl dks vc dylZ us tks VDdj nh gS] mlls ikj tkus ds fy, LVkj Iyl vè;kRe 'kks 'kq: dj jgk gSA blds fy, mldh dbZ Vsyhfotu /kjkokfgd fuekZrkvksa ls ckr py jgh gSA oSls mlus fiNys fnuksa ^izfrKk* uked 'kks 'kq: djds Hkh n'kZd tqVkus dh ,d dksf'k'k dh gSA

pSuyksa dks ;wVhoh us csps 18 fIkQYeksa ds jkbV~l

NksVk inkZ vc NksVk inkZ ugha jgk D;ksafd NksVs insZ ij vc n'kZd mu fIkQYeksa dk etk Hkh ys ldsxa s tks flusek?kjksa esa fjyht Hkh ugha gqbZ gSaA gky gh esa ;wVhoh eks'ku fiDplZ us viuh lkr fIkQYeksa ds Vsyhfotu vf/dkj flusek?kjksa esa fjyht fd, tkus ls igys gh csap fn;sA ;g fIkQYesa gSa 'kkfgn diwj dh ^pkal is Mkal*] tkWu vczkge dh ^fIkQYye flVh* bjIkQku [kku vfHkuhr fjyht gksus okyh ^iku

flag rksej* vkSj ^ihVj x;k dke ls* rFkk rhu vU; fIkQYeas mu 18 fIkQYeksa esa 'kkfey gSa] ftuds fy, izksMD'ku daiuh us ,aVjVsuesVa pSuy dylZ vkSj ,uMhVhoh beSftu ds lkFk ukWu ,DlDywflo Mhy ij nLr[kr fd, gSaA gkfy;k eanh ds ckn ;g ckWyhoqM fIkQYeksa ds fy, lcls cM+s Vhoh djkjksa esa ls ,d gSA vke euksjatu pSuyksa us djhc rhu lky igys cM+h ckWyhoqM fIkQYeks ds lSVsykbV vf/dkjksa ds fy, Hkkjh&Hkjde jkf'k pqdkuk 'kq: fd;k Fkk D;ksafd NksVs insZ ij fIkQYeksa ds fy, n'kZdksa dh vPNh [kklh rknkn gSA

,uMhVhoh us ykap fd;k osc iksVZy

?kVrs fj;fyVh 'kks ds n'kZd

fiNys Ms<+ o"kZ esa 4 u;s fganh euksjatu pSuy ykap gq,A vc budh dqYk la[;k 13 gks xbZ gSA VSe dh ubZ fjiksVZ n bEislVas tsujs'ku% Vhoh daTe'ku fogsfo;j LVMh 2009 ds eqrkfcd dqy n'kZdksa dh rknkn esa euksjatu pSuyksa ds n'kZdksa dh la[;k rhu IkQhlnh c<+h gSA bl fjiksVZ esa bl o"kZ tuojh ls ysdj twu rd n'kZdksa ds Vhoh ns[kus ds rjhds esa cnyko ds vkadM+s ekStwn gaSA ;g bl ckr dh iqf"V djrk gS fd Vhoh cktkj vc VqdM+ksa esa caVrk tk jgk gSA yksxksa esa ,d pSuy dks è;ku ls ns[kus dh izo`fRr ?kVrh tk jgh gSA gÝrs ds var esa Vhoh ij ,d pSuy ij xqtjus okyk oDr flIkQZ rhu feuV dk jg x;k gSA crk nsa fd vDlj yksxksa ds fnekx esa ;g ckr jgrh gS fd yksx Vhoh ij / kjkokfgd dks de ilan djrs gSa vkSj fj;fyVh 'kks dks T;knkA tcfd gdhdr ;g gS fd fganh euksjatu pSuy ij fj;fyVh 'kks ds n'kZdksa dh rnkn chrs o"kZ ds eqdkcys bl o"kZ ?kVdj 4 IkQhlnh jg xbZ gSA

lekpkj pSuy ,uMhVhoh us fgUnh osc iksVZy ykap fd;k gSA ,e-,uMhVhoh [kcj-dkWe uke ls cus bl osc iksVZy dks ykal ,atsYl fLFkr flLVe lss fodflr fd;k x;k gSA bl iksVZy ij fo'o jktuhfr] [ksy] fctusl vkSj euksjatu dh [kcjksa ds lkFk&lkFk <+sjksa IkQksVks usV mi;ksxdrkZvksa ds fy, ges'kk miyC/ jgsxhA daiuh dk nkok gS fd mi;ksxdrkZ dHkh Hkh fdlh Hkh le; bl iksVZy ij vius ilanhnk 'kks dks ns[k ldrs gSaA 76 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide |January 2010

pS u y dk;Z Ø e

foanw nkjk flag cus fcx ckWl&3 ds fotsrk vkf[kjdkj fcx ckWl&3 ds fotsrk dk uke ?kksf"kr gks gh x;kA egkjk"Vª ds yksukokyk esa fcx ckWl&3 dk xzSaM fIkQukys gqvkA xSazM fIkQukys esa izos'k jk.kk vkSj iwue f<Yyu dks iNkM+rs gq, fcanq nkjk flag bl fj;fyVh 'kks ds fotsrk cusA fcanq dks buke Lo:i ,d djksM+ :i;s buke dh jkf'k feyhA fcx ckWl vferkHk cPpu tSls gh fcanq dks ?kj ls ckgj ysdj vk, iwjk gky rkfy;ksa dh xM+xM+kgV ls xwat mBkA thr ls mRlkfgr fcanq us dgk eSus vius thou esa ,d lkFk ,d djksM+ :i;s dHkh ugha dek;s FksA lkFk gh mUgksaus ;g Hkh dgk ;g esjh ftUnxh dk csLV fnu FkkA

ltu js >wB er cksyks lc Vhoh ij >wB dk lgkjk tc galh etkd ds fy, gksrk gS rc jkspd ?kVuk,a lkeus vkrh gSa ysfdu dHkh&dHkh tc ogh >wB xaHkhj :i /kj.k dj ysrk gS rc cgqr lh leL;k,a mRiUu gks tkrh gaSA lc Vhoh ij gky gh esa 'kq: gq, / kjkokfgd ^ltu js >wB er cksyks* ds dsUnzh; ik=k }kjk Hkh ,slk gh ,d >wB cksyk tkrk gSA bl

,d >wB ds bnZ&fxnZ ,slh ?kVuk,a ?kVrh gSa ftUgsa ns[kdj n'kZd galus dks etcwj gks tk,axAs NksVs insZ ds tkus&ekus fuekZrk funs'Z kd foiqy 'kkg us ^ltu js >wB er cksyks* ds funsZ'ku dh ckxMksj

laHkkyh gSA bl u, galrs xqnxqnkrs /kjkokfgd esa lqehr jk?kou] Vhdw rYlkfu;k] vijk esgrk] veh f=kosnh vkSj jktho Bkdqj izeq[k Hkwfedkvksa esa gSaA

;w,uvkbZ dh Vsyhfotu lsok vkjEHk gky gh esa ;w,uvkbZ dh Vsyhfotu lsok Hkh vkjEHk gks xbZA yksdlHkk vè;{k Jherh ehjk dqekj us ;wukbVsM U;wt vkWIkQ bafM;k (;w,uvkbZ) dh Vsyhfotu lsok dk mn~?kkVu fd;kA mn~?kkVu ds ekSds ij yksdlHkk vè;{k us ;g mEehn trkbZ fd ;w,uvkbZ Vsyhfotu vkus okys le; esa ns'k ds fodkl vkSj lekt dh csgrjh esa vewY; ;ksxnku nsxkA lkFk gh yksdlHkk vè;{k us ;g Hkh dgk fd dk;Zikfydk fo/kf;dk vkSj U;k;ikfydk ds lkFk&lkFk yksdra=k ds pkSFks LrEHk ehfM;k dks lekt dks gj n`f"V ls csgrj cukus esa gjlaHko ;ksxnku nsuk pkfg, vkSj bl ekeys esa fdlh rjg dk le>kSrk ugha gksuk pkfg,A

lu Vhoh ds iquxZBu dh rS;kjh

lu Vhoh usVodZ fyfeVsM ds pSuyksa dh igqap ns'k ds dksu&s dksus o fons'kksa es igqp a kus ds fy, gky gh esa lu Vhoh usVodZ fyfeVsM us iquxZBu ;kstuk ds rgr daiuh dks nks fgLlksa esa ckaVus dk IkQSlyk fd;k gSA ,d fgLlk nf{k.k Hkkjr vkSj varjkZ"Vªh; dkjksckj laHkkysxk vkSj nwljk ns'k ds mRRkjh] if'peh vkSj iwohZ fgLls ds cktkjksa esa lu Vhoh dh igqap c<+k,xkA iquxZBu dh rS;kjh ds ckjs esa daiuh dk dguk gS fd u, laxBu dk edln ?kjsyw vkSj varjkZ"Vªh; Lrj ij Lku Vsyhfotu ds pSuyksa dh igqap] dscy] MhVh,p vkbZihVhoh vkfn ekè;eksa ls c<+kus dh gSA

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 77

iQks d l ckWyhoqM baM"Vªh dks orZeku esa vxj lcls vf/d fdlh leL;k us cspSu dj j[kk gS rks og gS ik;jslh dh leL;k usA ckWyhoqM baM"Vªh igys ls gh ckWDl vkWfIkQl ij fIkQYeksa dh yxkrkj vlIkQyrk dks ysdj fpfUrr gS mQij ls ik;jslh ds d"V us baM"Vªh dks vkSj cspSu dj fn;k gSA dHkh og fnu Hkh gqvk djrs Fks tc ckWyhoqM dh fIkQYe vius fjyht ds lkFk gh vPNh [kklh dekbZ djrh FkhA bu fIkQYeksa dks ns[kus ds fy, ml le; n'kZdksa esa bruk vf/d Øst gqvk djrk Fkk fd yksx gÝrk Hkj igys gh fVdV cqd djk ysrs FksA fIkQYe ds igys 'kks dks ns[kus dh nhokuxh ml

ysfdu orZeku esa ik;jslh ds bl /a/s us u dsoy fganh fIkQYe baM"Vªh dks cspSu dj j[kk gS cfYd blus izksM~;wlj ls ysdj ,fDtchVj vkSj gkse ohfM;ks rd lcdh uhan gjke dj j[kh gSA ;g ik;jslh dk [kkSIkQ gh gS fd vkt ckWyhoqM ds fnXxt flrkjs Hkh viuh fIkQYe dh lIkQyrk dks ysdj fjyht ds vUr rd vk'kafdr jgrs gSaA vxj bl lky dh dqN fxuh pquh fIkQYeksa dks NksM+ fn;k tk; rks vf/ drj fIkQYe fVdV f[kM+dh ij Ýyki gh lkfcr gqbZ gSaA

le; ds n'kZdksa esa gh ns[kus dks feyrh FkhA ^'kksys*] ^fnyokys nqYgfu;ka ys tk;saxs*] ^ge vkids gSa dkSu* tSlh fIkQYeksa us ml le; flusek?kjksa esa lcls vf/d pyus o dekbZ dk fjdkMZ cuk;k Fkk rks blhfy, fd ml le; ik;jslh dk /a/k bruk

j[kh gSA ;g ik;jslh dk [kkSIkQ gh gS fd vkt ckWyhoqM ds fnXxt flrkjs Hkh viuh fIkQYe dh lIkQyrk dks ysdj fjyht ds vUr rd vk'kafdr jgrs gSAa vxj bl lky dh dqN fxuh pquh fIkQYeksa dks NksM+ fn;k tk; rks vf/drj fIkQYe fVdV f[kM+dh

ik;jslh ds lEeq[k ckWyhoqM baM"Vªh gqbZ ykpkj euh 'kadj vks>k______________

IkQyk&iQwyk ugha FkkA ysfdu orZeku esa ik;jslh ds bl /a/s us u dsoy fganh fIkQYe baM"Vªh dks cspSu dj j[kk gS cfYd blus izksM~;wlj ls ysdj ,fDtchVj vkSj gkse ohfM;ks rd lcdh uhan gjke dj

78 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide |January 2010

ij Ýyki gh lkfcr gqbZ gSAa ,slk ugha gS fd ik;jslh dk ;g edM+tky flIkQZ ckWyhoqM baM"Vªh rd gh lhfer gS] bldh tM+sa rks Hkkjr] nf{k.k iwoZ ,f'k;k vkSj if'pe ,f'k;k rd tk igqaph gSA vxj vkadM+kas ij

iQks d l utj Mkysa rks ;g irk pyrk gS fd lu 2009 esa gh fIkQYe m|ksx dks ik;jslh ds dkj.k djhc 95-9 djksM+ MkWyj dk uqdlu gqvkA ;gh ugha ;w,l&bafM;k fctusl dkmafly vkSj vULVZ;ax dh ,d fjiksVZ ds

ikbjslh dh bl leL;k ls futkr ds fy, baM"Vªh ds Ng f[kykM+h ekstj cs;j bjkst baVjVsuesaV] Vhoh 18] ;wVhoh] fjyk;al] ;'kjkt fIkQYEl us bl leL;k ls fuiVus ds fy, iwoZ iqfyl vkWfIkQlj vkIkQrkc vgen dh vxqokbZ esa ,aVh ikbjslh lsy bafM;k flusek jkbV~l ,lksfl,'ku (vkbZlhvkj,) dk xBu fd;k gSA fiNys rhu eghuksa esa ;g 300 Nkis ekj pqdh gSA vc ns[kuk ;g gS fd vkbZlhvkj, dk xBu vkSj ljdkj ds u, iz;kl ikbjslh dh bl leL;k ls baM"Vªh dks futkr fnyk ikrs gSa ;k ughaA

eqrfcd rks bl tkyh /a/s ds dkj.k Hkkjrh; fIkQYe m|ksx esa 572000 ukSdfj;ksa dk uqdlku gqvk gSA ik;jslh ds bl IkQYkrs&iQwyrs cktkj us mu ckyhoqM funsZ'kdksa dh Hkh uhan mM+k j[kh gS ftudh Hkkjh&Hkjde ctV okyh fIkQYesa gÝrs Hkj Hkh fVdV f[kM+dh ij vPNh [kklh dekbZ ugha dj ikrh A NksVs ctV o u;s dykdkjksa dks ysdj cuk;h x;h fIkQYeksa dh lIkQyrk rks vc ik;jslh ds dkj.k nwj dh dkSMh cu x;h gSA ik;jslh dh gh nsu gS og flusek?kj tgka dHkh fVdV ds fy, /Ddk&eqDdh dk utkjk ns[kus dks feyrk Fkk og flusek?kj vc /hjs&/hjs cUn gksus ds dxkj ij gSa ckWyhoqM baM"Vªh ftldks ik;jslh ds IkQYkrs IkQwyrs cktkj us vkt iwjh rjg ls viuh pisV esa ys fy;k gS dks ysdj u dsoy baM"Vªh cfYd ljdkj Hkh fpfUrr gSA ,slk Hkh ugha gS fd ljdkj us blds fy, dne ugha mBk, gSA ljdkj vkSj fIkQYe m|ksx nksuksa us gh fIkNys dqN eghuksa esa ik;jslh dks jksdus ds fy, dbZ dne mBk;s gSaA ysfdu blds ckotwn Hkh ik;jslh dk m|ksx /a/k iwjh rjg ls IkQy&IkQwy jgk gSA egkjk"Vª ljdkj us tqykbZ ekg esa ,d u, fo/s;d ds rgr bl tkyh /a/s dks jksdus ds fy, ohfM;ks ik;jslh dks egkjk"Vª fizosa'ku vkWIkQ Msatjl ,fDVfoVht (,eihMh) ds rgr ,d vijk/ djkj fn;kA bl dkuwu ds rgr tks O;fDr igyh ckj ohfM;ks ik;jslh ds fy, fxjÝrkj fd;k tk;sxk ml O;fDRk dks Ng eghus ls ysdj rhu lky rd dh ltk nh tk ldrh gS ;k fIkQj mlds mQij 50000 #i;s ls ysdj nks yk[k #Ik;s rd dk tqekZuk Hkh yxk;k tk ldrk gSA egkjk"Vª ljdkj }kjk ik;jslh ds bl /a/s dks vijk/ ?kksf"kr djus vkSj blds fy, dM+h ltk fu/kZfjr djus ds ckotwn Hkh ;g

m|ksx /a/k IkQy&IkQwy jgk gS rks blls ;g iw.kZr;k vanktk yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd orZeku esa bl leL;k dh tMa+s fdruh xgjkbZ rd igqap pqdh gSA ikbjslh dh bl leL;k ls futkr ds fy, baM"Vªh ds Ng f[kykM+h ekstj cs;j bjkst baVjVsuesaV] Vhoh 18] ;wVhoh] fjyk;al] ;'kjkt fIkQYEl us bl leL;k ls fuiVus ds fy, iwoZ iqfyl vkWfIkQlj vkIkQrkc vgen dh vxqokbZ esa ,aVh ikbjslh lsy bafM;k flusek jkbV~l ,lksfl,'ku (vkbZlhvkj,) dk xBu fd;k gSA fiNys rhu eghuksa esa ;g 300 Nkis ekj pqdh gSA vc ns[kuk ;g gS fd vkbZlhvkj, dk xBu vkSj ljdkj ds u, iz;kl ikbjslh dh bl leL;k ls baM"Vªh dks futkr fnyk ikrs gSa ;k ughaA baM"Vªh vkt vxj bl leL;k ls tw> jgh gS rks mlesa dgha uk dgh dscy vkWijsVjksa dh Hkh ize[q k Hkwfedk gSA ,d nwljs ds miHkksDrkvksa dks viuh vksj [khapus esa tqVs dscy Vhoh vkWijsVj bu fIkQYeksa ds fjyht ds lkFk gh lhMh ij fIkQYe pyk nsrs gaS ftlls yksxksa dks fIkQYe dk yqRIkQ ?kj ij cSBs gh fey tkrk gSA dbZ fIkQYeksa ds fjyht ds lkFk gh mldk dscy ij izlkj.k gksuk vc vke ckr gks x;h gS vkSj vc yksx ;g Hkh tku pqds gSa fd vkeqd fIkQYe tc ge fjyht ds lkFk gh vius Vhoh lsVksa ij ns[k ldrs gSa rks D;ksa fiDpj gky ds pDdj yxk;asA le; jgrs vxj bl ik;jslh ds cktkj dks c<+us ls jksdk ugha x;k rks ckWyhoqM baM"Vªh dks ?kkVs ls mckjk ugha tk ldsxkA 

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 79

rduhdh txr~

ik;jslh dks eaqgrksM+ tokc nsus dks rS;kj ,uMh,l ,uMh,l yxkrkj is Vhoh vkWijsVjksa dks lqjf{kr daVVas eqg;S k djkus ds fy, vxzlj gSA 70 ls Hkh vf/d ns'kksa ds 'kh"kZ is Vhoh IysVIkQkWeZ ,uMh,l ds mRiknksa dks lqjf{kr ekurs gSaA fiNys fnuksa ,uMh,l ds daMh'kuy ,Dlsl VsDuksykWth ,uMh,l ohfM;ks xkMZ us fIkQyhihal dh MhVh,p iznkrk daiuh ^ehM;ktdsi* dks ;g fo'okl fnyk;k fd mldh lsok,a ik;jslh lss vizHkkfor gSaA ehfM;ktdsi ds eSusftax Mk;jsDVj ^csuth IkQukaZMht* dk dguk gS fd gekjh flXuy fMthVy Vhoh lsok dks cgqr gh etcwr 'kq:vkr feyh gS vkSj ;g ns'k dk rsth ls mHkjrk is&Vhoh IysVIkQkWeZ gSA gekjh bl miyfC/ ds ihNs ,uMh,l dh lqjf{kr lsok gSA

dscy Vhoh dks feysxk okbZ&IkQkbZ dk lkFk

euksjatu ds {ks=k esa tYn gh ,d Økafrdkjh eksM+ vkus okyk gSA vc Vsyhfotu rd dscy] vkbZihVhoh ;k baVj,fDVo MhVh,p lsokvksa ds tfj;s igqap tYn gh ok;jysl gksrs gq, okbZIkQkbZ baVjusV ls tqM+ tk,xkA bldk eryc ;g gS fd fMthVy dscy Vsyhfotu miHkksDrk (tks lSVVkWi ckWDl ds tfj;s dscy ns[krs gaS) viuk Vhoh lSV ?kj ds fdlh Hkh dksus esa ys tk ldrs gSaA ;k fIkQj nwljs ;k rhljs Vsyhfotu lSV ij dscy ns[kus ds fy, mUgsa u rks vf/d iSls nsus gksaxs] u gh dscy rkjksa dk mi;ksx djuk gksxkA gkykafd ;g rduhd egaxh gS D;ksafd ok;jySl lSVVkWi ds fy, xzkgdksa lkWÝVos;j daMh'kuy ,Dlsl vkSj is Vhoh ds dks 6 gtkj :i;s vnk djus gksxa As ;g ykxr lkekU; lSVVkWi fy, feMyos;j {ks=k esa 'kh"kZ daiuh ysVsal dk ckWDl dh dher lss rhu xquh gSA Hkkjr esa foLrkj tkjh jgsxkA o"kZ 2009 ds 'kq:vkrh eghuksa esa gSnjkckn esa u, vuqla/ku ,oa fodkl dh ubZ lqfo/k eqgS;k djkus okyh daiuh ysVsal Hkkjr esa vius dk;ksZa dks c<+kus esa tqVh gSA is Vhoh vkWijsVjksa ds fy, ysVasl ds dSl fLkLVe ,d ojnku gaSA ;g lLrs gksus ds lkFk&lkFk ik;jslh lss eqDr gaSA ysVsal ds jhtuy Mk;jsDVj ,f'k;k jkgqy usgjk dk dguk gS fd ysVsal esa ge Hkkjrh; is Vhoh baM"Vªh dh isphnfx;ksa ,oa blds egRo dks le>rs gSaA ysVsal dk foLrkj gesa is Vhoh vkWijsVjksa ds vkSj utnhd vkus] rFkk mUgsa fMthVy Vhoh ds lekukUrj lsok eqgS;k djkus esa enn dj jgk gSA

ysVsal dk Hkkjr esa foLrkj tkjh jgsxk

DykmM daI;wfVax dks lqjf{kr cukus dh tíkstgn

DykmM daI;wfVax dks yksxksa ds chp T;knk ls T;knk yksdfiz; cukus ds mís'; ls

fofHkUu da i fu;ka blds izpkj&izlkj esa tq V h gS a A DykmM daI;wfVax ,d ,slh rduhd gS ftlds ekè;e ls xzkgdksa ds MkVk dks lqjf{kr j[kk tkrk gSA gkykafd xzkgdksa dks bldh lqj{kk ij lansg gS] blfy, bls T;knk xzkgd ugha fey jgs gSaA vc

80 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide |January 2010

daifu;ka xzkgdksa dh bl 'kadk dks nwj djus ds fy, mUgsa tkx:d djus dk iz;kl dj jgh gSaA mYys[kuh; gS DykmM daI;wfVax ij xzkgdksa dk Hkjkslk tkx gh jgk Fkk fd uoEcj 2009 ds vafre fnuksa esa DykmM ls tqM+h ,d cM+h daiuh ds MkVk gSd gksus ds ckn fIkQj ls yksxksa ds eu esa vleatl dh fLFkfr cuh gqbZ gSA

ekbØkslkÝV bafM;k daiuh dh ekuas rks DykmM dks vf/d lqjf{kr cukus ds mís'; ls daiuh 24 ?kaVs bl ij utj j[krh gSA ,plh,y VSDuksykWth bafM;k fy- daiuh Hkh bldh lqj{kk esa eqLrSn jgrh gS] vkSj og DykmM daI;wfVax dks vU; ikjaifjd lekèkkuksa dh rqyuk esa vf/d lqjf{kr crkrh gSA


fj;fyVh 'kks% c<+rh izfrLi/kZ

bl le; yxHkx lHkh euksjatu pSuy dksbZ u dksbZ fj;fyVh 'kks fn[kk jgs gaSA pSuyksa ds lkeus ;g pqukSrh gS fd og vius 'kks dks vU; pSuy ds 'kks ls csgrj cuk,a] rkfd mldh n'kZd la[;k c<+sA n'kZd la[;k c<+sxh] rks Vhvkjih c<+sxhA Vhvkjih c<+sxh rks foKkiu c<+saxsA dqy feykdj dg ldrs gSa fd Vhoh pSuyksa dks foKkiu lss eryc gS] og foKkiu ikus (dekbZ ds fy,) ;g tksM+&rksM+ djrs gSaA vc rks foKkiunkrk Hkh n'kZdksa ds ,d cM+s lewg rd vius mRikn igqp a kus ds fy, fØdsV ds ctk; fj;fyVh 'kks dks vius fuos'k dk ,d csgrj ekè;e eku jgs gSaA mYys[kuh; gS fd bl o"kZ fgUnh euksjatu pSuykas us yxHkx nl fj;fyVh 'kks 'kq: fd;s gaSA ftuesa VSe ds vkadMs +

crkrs gSa fd ^[krjksa ds f[kykM+h* nwljk lcls T;knk ns[kk tkus okyk 'kks lkfcr gqvkA ogha ^lp dk lkeuk* uacj ou fj;fyVh 'kks cuk gqvk FkkA ^lp dk lkeuk* cs'kd [kRe gks x;k gS] ysfdu fj;fyVh 'kks esa izfrLi/kZ vHkh cjdjkj gSA ^ckfydk o/w* dylZ ij izlkfjr gks jgk gSA bl 'kks ds ckjs esa bruk gh dgk tk ldrk gS fd blus Vhoh /kjkokfgdksa ds ns[kus dk vFkZ gh cny fn;kA igys tgka ^lkl&cgw* Vkbi /kjkokfgdksa dh ekax jgrh Fkh] ogha vc ^ckfydk o/w* ds n'kZd nhokus gks x;s gSaA bl le; LVkj Iyl ij py jgs] ^ijIkQsDV czkbM* fj;fyVh 'kks dks Hkh n'kZdksa dk Hkjiwj Lusg fey jgk gSA ckr ^fcx ckWl&3*

dh djsa] rks blesa fcx&ch dk gksuk gh vius vki esa vuqie gSA n'kZd bl 'kks dks fcx ch dh mifLFkfr dh otg ls Hkh ns[k jgs gSaA fj;fyVh 'kkst dh IkQsgfjLr esa ;g 'kks vPNs ik;nku ij gSA mYys[kuh; gS fd dylZ pSuy ij ^fcx ckWl&3* dks 'kq: gq, vHkh ,d eghuk gh gqvk gSA blus dbZ mrkj&p<+ko ns[k fy;sA deky-vkj-[kku ftl rjg ls 'kks ls ckgj gq,] ;g fj;fyVh 'kks cukus okyksa ds fy, ,d lcd gSA dylZ dk ;g 'kks dbZ ckj fooknksa esa Hkh vk pqdk gSA gkykafd fooknksa ls fj;fyVh 'kks dk pksyh&nkeu dk lkFk gSA blfy, 'kk;n ;g dguk vuqfpr ugha gksxk fd tc rd fj;fyVh 'kks pysaxs] fookn Hkh cus jgsaxsA fooknksa ls pSuy ek=k bl rjg cp ldrs gaS fd og vius 'kks dh v'yhyrk dks R;kxsa] ,oa n'kZdksa dk LoPN euksjatu djsaA ,slk euksjatu ftldk yqRIkQ ifjokj ds lHkh yksx ,d lkFk cSBdj mBk ldsaA 

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 81



Hkkjrh; dscy Vhoh ,oa czkWMdkfLVax baM"Vªh o"kZ 2009% dc] D;k gqvk\ • • • • • • •

oS'kkyh lkjsxkekik (thVhoh) dh fotsrk cuhaA Vsu LiksV~lZ dks JhyadkbZ fØdsV ds izlkj.k vf/dkj feysA ,IkQ,e jsfM;ks LVs'ku jsfM;ks flVh us czkWMdkfLVax Ldwy ykap fd;kA ,LLky xzqi us IkQjhn dqjS'kh dks fctusl gsM fu;qDr fd;kA vuqjkx csnh th E;wftd ds fctusl gsM cusA thVhoh ij Mkal bafM;k Mkal dk izlkj.k 'kq:A ^Lis'k Vwu fdM~l Vhoh* ykap fd;k x;kA

82 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | January 2010




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vçz Sy • • • • •

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iatkch Vhoh ^tl iatkch Vhoh* vesfjdk ds fM'k usVodZ ij miyC/A uSc 'kks esa eksukdZ us thrk ekfj;ks vokWMZ 2009 lat; ekatjsdj bZ,lih,u LVkj LiksV~lZ dh desaVjh pSuy esa 'kkfeyA fIkQth esa ehfM;k ij izfrca/ yxkA vtyku 'kkg gkWdh di esa Hkkjrh; Vhe dh thrA fjlSV&2 dk lIkQy iz{ksi.kA v:.kk 'kekZ cuha nwjn'kZu dh igyh efgyk Mk;jsDVj tujyA

izlkj Hkkjrh ds ps;jeSu v:.k HkVukxj us bLrhIkQk fn;kA ,;jVsy us eSupsLVj ;wukbVsM ds lkFk le>kSrk fd;kA vkbZih,y&II esa MsDdu pktZlZ dh thrA oksMkIkQksu ds twtw foKkiu dks isVk vokWMZ feykA vafcdk lksuh lwpuk ,oa izlkj.k ea=kh cuhaA

tw u


,uMhVhoh beSftu dk izlkj.k vesfjdk esa 'kq:A U;wt dkWjiksjs'ku dkssLVkj us fo;ruke esa vkbZihVhoh ,oa MhVh,p daiuh ds lkFk le>kSrk fd;kA VªkbZ us dscy Vhoh ,oa czkWMdkfLVax lsokvksa dh xq.kork ekudksa ls lacfa /r funZs'k tkjh fd;sA vkWLdj iqjLdkjksa esa LyeMkWx feysfu;j dh /weA

nqcbZ esa dSclsV eSuk ( CABSAT MENA)(3&7ekpZ) dk vk;kstuA jk"Vªh; IkQqVckWy yhx vkSj Mk;jsDV Vhoh ds chp djkjA lat; cgy fjyk;al fcx Vhoh MhVh,p ds lhbZvks cusA 17 osa daotsZal bafM;k 2009 dk vk;kstu izxfr eSnku esa fd;k x;kA baVjusV us 20 o"kZ iwjs fd;sA

tq y kbZ

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vkbIkQk vokM~lZ 2009 dk forj.kA lksuh us ykap fd;k ^bl taxy ls eq>s cpkvks*A vkbZlhlh V~osUVh&20 oYMZ di ikfdLrku us thrkA 22 u;s pSuyksa dks vifyafdax vuqefr feyhA lkSHkkX; fefFkyk pSuy ykapA Mkal ds ckn'kkg ekbdy tSDlu dk fu/uA

LVkj Iyl ij ^lp dk lkeuk* 'kq:A ^[kqnk ds fy,* fIkQYe dk izhfe;j fjyk;al MhVh,p ijA bafnjk uw;h cuha lhbZvks vkWIkQ n bZvjA eqDdsckth lhjht ds IkzsQapkbth vf/dkj ohfM;ksdkWu dksA ekstj cs;j vkSj fIkQfyIl ds chp le>kSrkA January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 83



vDVw c j

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Lokbu Ýyw ok;jl lss nqfu;k esa gM+dEiA lwpuk ,oa izlkj.k ea=kky; us Lokbu Ýyw ij MkWD;wesUVªh fIkQYe cukbZA LVsIkQsfu;k IkQukZafMt cuha fel ;wfuolZ 2009A ihVj lksucxZ dksuSDl bafM;k ds lhbZvks cusA xkSre xaHkhj VsLV esa uacj&1 cYysckt cusA [kcj ygfj;k dks ;wusLdks dk iqjLdkj feykA IkQkWDl LVkj LVwfM;kst us ekbZ use bt [kku ds izlkj.k vf/dkj [kjhnsA fnyhi lju th VuZj ds dscy lsYl izeq[k cusA

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Xykscy okfeZax dks lefiZr psruk ;k=kk&2009 dk vk;kstuA nwjn'kZu us iwjs fd;s 50 o"kZA dylZ ij fcx ckWl dk izlkj.kA fuf[ky :axVk xwxy bafM;k ds ekdsZV gsM cusA ;wVhoh vkSj CywecxZ ds chp djkjA vks'ku lSV&2 ykapA vfer flUgk okW;l vkIkQ bafM;k ds u, ekfyd cusA eksuk clq us ^bl taxy ls eq>s cpkvks* dk f[krkc thrkA ^dkathoje* dks loZJs"B fIkQYe dk jk"Vªh; iqjLdkjA


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dscy Vhoh ykblsal dks ysdj gfj;k.kk esa coky gkse 'kkWi&18 pSuy dk izlkj.k fM'k Vhoh ij 'kq: r:.k dkR;ky fcx ,IkQ,e ds lhbZvks cus 'kksHkuk Hkjfr;k IkQksClZ lwph esa 'kkfeyA Msu usVodZ us is'k fd;k vkbZihvksA fM'k us ykap fd;k u;k czkaM yksxksA eqds'k dqekj ekS;Z Vhoh ds Mk;jsDVj cusA lc Vhoh dks yhMjf'ki vokWMZA

LVkj U;wt ij ^LVkj [kcj* dk izlkj.k 'kq:A eUuk Ms dks nknk lkgc IkQkYds vokWMZA psruk ;k=kk&5 dk lIkQyrk iwoZd lekiuA bZ,lih,u vkSj Ckhih,y ds chp djkjA gsear c`toklh fyfVy pSEil ds fotsrk cusA iquhr xks,udk ^thy* ds ,eMh cusA u;k vkWijsfVax fLkLVe foaMkst&7 ykapA

lSVdSCk flEiksft;e 2009 dk vk;kstuA dSl us iwjs fd;s rhu o"kZA pSuyksa dks 2009 esa tkjh fd, x;s 50 uksfVlA fcanq cus fcx ckWl&3 ds fotsrkA jktnhi ljnslkbZ nksckjk ,fMVlZ fxYM ds vè;{k fu;qDrA

84 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | January 2010

In the Spotlight

tokgj xks;y vfrfjDr mikè;{k% (,Llsy xzqi)

ckr Hkkjrh; dscy Vhoh ,oa czkWMdkfLVax baM"Vªh dks ubZ fn'kk nsus dh gks] ;k fiQj lekt ds xjhc rcdksa dh enn dh gks] bu lcds chp tks ,d uke mHkjdj vkrk gS og gS&tokgj xks;yA tokgj xks;y czkWMdkfLVax baM"Vªh esa ,d igpkuk uke gSaA mUgksaus vius dSfj;j dh 'kq:vkr lu~ 1971 esa ,Llsy xzqi daiuh esa iQwM izkslsflax vkSj VªsfMax vkWijs'kal ls dh FkhA Hkkjr esa ,Llsy oYMZ (Fkhe ikdZ) dks liQyrk iwoZd fuekZ.k djkus dk Js; Hkh tokgj xks;y dks tkrk gSA o"kZ 1990&94 esa jkek ,lksfl,V fYk- vkkSj ,Llsy baMLVªht fy- dh ,DliksVZ vkWijs'kal dh ftEesnkjh tokgj xks;y ij gh FkhA orZeku esa ,Llsy xzqi ds vfrfjDr mikè;{k ds in ij vklhu tokgj xks;y fM'k Vhoh ds fctusl gsM Hkh jg pqds gSaA fM'k Vhoh ds ckjs esa tSlk fd ekywe gS fd ;g Hkkjr dh igyh Mk;jsDV Vw gkse (MhVh,p) lsok gSA bldh 'kq:vkr th ,aVjizkbtst ds ,Llsy xqzi }kjk o"kZ 2004 esa gqbZ FkhA vkt ;g MhVh,p lsok fujUrj izxfr ds iFk ij gSA bldk Js; tokgj xks;y dks gh tkrk gSA mUgksaus fM'k Vhoh dk fctusl c<+kus ds fy, reke j.kuhfr;ka cukbZ] mu ij vey djrs gq, MhVh,p izfrLi/kZ ds nkSj essa Hkh fM'k dks vkxs dh iafDr esa ys vk,A th lewg ds eqf[k;k lqHkk"k panzk ds NksVs HkkbZ tokgj xks;y reke lkekftd laLFkkvksa ls Hkh tqM+s gSaA buesa ^vxzksgk fodkl VªLV* dk uke loksZifj gSA ;g laLFkk xjhc rcdksa ds enn ds fy, gj le; rS;kj jgrh gSA blds vykok tokgj ,slh lkekftd laLFkkvksa ls Hkh tqM+s gSa tks xjhc rcds ,oa t:jreanksa ds fy, vLirky] dkWyst pykrh gSA mYys[kuh; gS fd tokgj xks;y ,d gksugkj fctusleSu ds :i esa ml le; lkeus vk;s Fks] tc lqHkk"k pUnzk dh vksj ls mUgksaus flVh dscy esa 50 izfr'kr dh fgLlsnkjh ckcr :iVsZ eMksd Z ls ckr dh FkhA ;g o"kZ 1990 dh ckr gSA cgjgky tokgj xks;y dh Hkkjrh; czkWMdkfLVax ,aM dscy Vhoh baM"Vªh ij etcwr idM+ gSA og 28 vxLr January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 87

In the Spotlight

2009 dks Hkkjrh; czkWMdkfLVax iQkmaMs'ku (vkbZch,iQ) dh 10 oha tujy ehfVax esa yxkrkj pkSFkh ckj vè;{k pqus x;s gSaA tokgj xks;y dh baM"Vªh ij xgu tkudkjh ,oa lekt ds yksxksa ds fy, dqN djus dk tquwu] mUgsa nwljksa ls vyx djrk gSA

vkSj bu ckrksa ij D;k dguk gS tokgj xks;y dk orZeku ifjizs{; esa dscy Vhoh ,oa czkWMdkfLVax baM"Vªh ij vkidk utfj;k D;k gS\ Hkkjrh; dscy Vhoh baM"Vªh ds ckjs esa eSa ;gh dgwaxk fd ;g fujUrj vkxs c<+ jgh gSA ysfdu vU; rduhfd;ksa tSls MhVh,p] dSl ds ckn vc fgV~l ds vkus dh ckr tks gks jgh gS] blls bl baM"Vªh dks izfrLi/kZ feyh gSA blfy, eSa ;gh dgwaxk fd bl baM"Vªh dks vkxkeh fnuksa esa viuh ;kstukvksa esa dqN u;kiu ykuk gksxkA

dSl ij vkidh D;k jk; gS\ blesa dksbZ nks jk; ugha fd dSl us dscy Vhoh baM"Vªh ls tqM+s yksxksa ij ncko cuk;k gSA blesa ykLVekbZy vkWijsVj] ,e,lvks lHkh 'kkfey gSaA ;gka baM"Vªh dks laxfBr gksuk gksxk rHkh og bldk eqdkcyk dj ldsxhA

MhVh,p ds vkus ls dsscy Vhoh ij D;k izHkko iM+k gS\ tgka rd eSa le>rk gwa MhVh,p ds vkus ls dscy Vhoh ij T;knk izHkko ugha iM+k gSA dscy Vhoh xzkgdksa dh igyh ilan gksrk gSA gka] 5 ls 7 izfr'kr xzkgd b/j ls m/j ;kuh MhVh,p ij tkrs gSaA bldh otg ;g gS fd MhVh,p fMthVy ekè;e ls viuh lsok,a igqapkrs gSa] tcfd dscy ,ukykx ij gh py jgk gSA ;gka eSa bruk t:j dgwaxk fd dscy Vhoh dks fMthfVykbts'ku ij è;ku nsuk gksxkA

,e,lvks vkSj ,y,evks esa vki D;k varj ns[krs gSa\ cM+s ,e,lvks tSls flVh dscy] gSFkos] bu dscy usV ds ckjs esa tgka rd eSa le> jgk gwa] ;s fMthVy dh vksj c<+ jgs gSa] ysfdu ,y,evks 'kkar gSaA budh rjiQ ls Hkh fMthVy izfØ;k rsth ls viukbZ tkuh pkfg,A

dscy Vhoh ds cktkj esa izfrLif/Z;ksa ds lkeus [kM+k jgus ds fy, vki D;k ea=k nsaxs\ fliQZ ,d gh ea=k gS og ;g gS fd fMthfVykbts'ku dks viuk,aA vk'kk djrk gwa fd o"kZ 2010 esa fnYyh esa tc dkWeuosYFk xsEl dk vk;kstu gksxk] rc rd dscy Vhoh baM"Vªh iwjh rjg fMthVy gks tk;sxhA

fgV~l dk bu fnuksa cgqr 'kksj lquus dks fey jgk gS] vki D;k dgsaxs\ fgV~l ikWfylh ljdkj ds ml y{; dks iwjk djus esa ennxkj lkfcr gksxh] ftlesa mlus 2012 rd ns'k dks fMthVy djus dk ok;nk fd;k gSA crk nwa fd fgV~l ls MhVh,p daifu;ksa dks izfrLi/kZ feysxh ij ;g ns'k ds fy, fgrdkjh gS D;ksafd ,ylhvks }kjk vaMj fMDys'ku ls ;g mudh j{kk djsxhA gka] bl ikWfylh esa VSfjiQ vkMZj dks ysdj tks 'kadk cuh gqbZ gS] og Bhd gksuk pkfg,A 88 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide |January 2010

uofu;q D r

MsfoM ckaM chchlh ds u;s LiksV~lZ ,fMVj

vfer ukx fMth&dscy dkWe lsok ds lhbZvks cus vfer ukx dks fMth&dscy dkWe lsok dk eq[; dk;Zdkjh vf/ dkjh (lhbZvks) cuk;k x;k gSA mUgksaus bafM;u dscy usV esa vius in (lhbZvks) ls bLrhIkQk ns fn;k gSA fMthdscy dkWe lsok ds ps;jeSu fnyhi flag dk dguk gS fd vfer viuh iwjh Vhe] ftlesa lsYl] ekdsZfVax] rduhdh] ,dkmaV vkfn 'kfey gaS] ds lkFk ^fMth* esa 'kkfey gks jgs gSaA mYys[kuh; gS fd twu&2008 esa fMth dscy usVodZ (Hkkjr) us dksydrk fLFkr dscy dkWe daiuh esa Hkkjh fgLlsnkjh dh FkhA

latho JhokLro gkssaxs lgkjk le; ds u, lhbZvks gky gh esa chchlh us MsfoM ckaM dks u;k LiksV~lZ ,fMVj cuk;k gSA os vHkh rd Msyh VsyhxzkIkQ ds LiksV~lZ ,fMVj ds :i esa gh dke ns[k jgs FksA MsfoM chchlh ds lax viuh bl ubZ ikjh dh 'kq:vkr u, lky esa djsaxsA bl in ij MsfoM ckaM ls igys fefgj cksl chchlh ds LiksVl ~ Z ,fMVj FksA mUgksua s gky gh esa bl in ls bLrhIkQk ns fn;k FkkA

chchlh bafM;k ds ,fMVj latho JhokLro vkSj LVkj U;wt ds misUnz jk; lgkjk le; ds lax ubZ ikjh dh 'kq:vkr djus

tk jgs gSaA latho JhokLro dks lgkjk le; xzqi dk lhbZvks vkSj ,fMVj bu phIkQ cuk;k x;k gS tcfd misUnz jk; dks lgkjk le; dk u;k U;wt Mk;jsDVj vksj ,fMVj cuk;k x;k gSA lgkjk le; ds us'kuy vkSj jhtuy pSuyksa ds vykok fizaV ehfM;k Hkh buds dk;Z{ks=k ds nk;js esa jgsxkA gkykafd vHkh lgkjk le; dhs rjIkQ ls bl ckr dh vkf/dkfjd iqf"V ugha

dh xbZ gS ysfdu fiQj Hkh ;g d;kl yxk;s tk jgs gSa fd

fnlEcj ds var ;k tuojh ds 'kq: esa nksuksa viuk&viuk inHkkj laHkky ysaxsA

v:.k HkVukxj dk bLrhIkQk Lohdkj

jktnhi ljnslkbZ fIkQj cus ,fMVlZ fxYM ds vè;{k

ljdkj us izlkj Hkkjrh ds ps;jeSu v:.k HkVukxj dk bLrhIkQk Lohdkj dj fy;k gSA Kkr gS fd HkVukxj us blh lky ebZ ekg esa vius in ls bLrhIkQk fn;k FkkA blls igys fnYyh gkbZdksVZ us HkVukxj ls dgk Fkk fd og vius in ij cus jgsA pwafd dksVZ izlkj Hkkjrh ds eq[; dk;Zdkjh vf/dkjh ch-,l-ykyh ds dk;Zdky dks vkxs c<+kus ds fy, mudh lykg pkgrh gSA mYys[kuh; gS fd izlkj Hkkjrh ,DV 1990 ds varxZr ps;jeSu dh vuqifLFkfr esa lhbZvks lHkh ehfVax dh vè;{krk djrk gSA

vkbZch,u 7 ds ,fMVj bu phIkQ jktnhi ljnslkbZ dks ,d ckj fIkQj ,fMVlZ fxYM dk vè;{k pquk x;k gSA ,d ckj fIkQj ,fMVlZ fxYM ds vè;{k dk inHkkj laHkkyus okys jktnhi ljnslkbZ iSls ysdj [kcj Nkius ds /a/s ds f[kykIkQ ,d eqfge NsMxas+ As jktnhi ljnslkbZ us dgk fd ,fMVlZ fxYM isM U;wt ds /a/s ds f[kykIkQ izLrko ikfjr djsxkA jktnhi us lkFk gh ;g Hkh dgk fd u, lky esa flaxy IokbaV ,tsMa k ;gh gksxk fd isM U;wt dh izFkk ij yxke yxkbZ tk,A fnYyh esa gq, pquko esa bafM;u ,Dlisl z dh dwxh diwj dks tujy lsØVs jh pquk x;k tcfd jksfgr caly dks dks"kkè;{k pquk x;kA January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 89

fo'ys " k.k fofHkUu laLd`fr;ksa o lH;rkvksa dks vius esa lesVs gekjk ns'k vkt ls ugha iqjkru dky ls v{kq..k cuk jgk gSA ^lp dk dbZ ckg~; vkØe.kksa dks >syus ds lkeuk* djkus ckotwn Hkh gekjh ns'k dh lH;rk o ds uke ij laLd`fr esa dHkh Hkh dksbZ cnyko ugha vk;k gSA ysfdu orZeku esa ,slk izrhr ,sls iz'uksa dks gks jgk gS tSls dh Hkkjrh; laLd`fr j[kk tkrk gS vc v{kq..k ugha cuh jg ik;sxhA ipkl fd vxj dksbZ lky esa Vhoh us lewps ifjn`'; dks O;fDr vius fdl rjg ls cnyk gS ;g orZeku esa izR;{k :i ls utj vk jgk gSA vxj ifjokj lax ns[kk tk; rks fiNys ipkl lky dk cSB dk;ZØe Vhoh bfrgkl ,d izdkj ls nwjn'kZu ns[k jgk gS rks dk gh bfrgkl gSA futh pSuyksa dh pkgs og [kcfj;k pSuy gksa ;k fIkQj og vo'; gh euksjt a u pSuy dh mez rks vHkh iPphl ml dk;ZØe lky gh gSA ysfdu bu iPphl lkyksa ls viuh nwjh esa bu euksjatu pSuyksa vkSj [kcfj;k pSuyksa us vkilh izfrLi/kZ esa ,d nwljs cuk ysxkA ls vkxs fudyus dh gksM+ esa ,sls dk;ZØeksa o [kcjkas dks bZtkn fd;k tks dgha ls Hkh Hkkjrh; lH;rk o laLd`fr ds n`f"Vdks.k ls fIkQV ugha cSBrs gSaA gekjk ns'k tks fd ,d vjc ls vf/d vkcknh okyk ns'k cu x;k gS vkSj ftldh vkt Hkh 70» ls vf/d tula[;k xkaoksa esa fuokl djrh gS dk Vhoh ij fdruk bruk Øst gS rks LokHkkfod gS bldk vlj Hkh mu ij O;kid :i ls iM+ jgk gksxkA dHkh n'kZd ^ge yksx*] cqfu;kn] ^jkek;.k* tSls mu lhfj;yksa dks ns[kk djrs Fks ftlls mUgsa thou dh dbZ dMqoh lPpkbZ;ksa ds ckjs esa tkudkjh feyrh Fkh ysfdu vkt dk n'kZd ^lp dk lkeuk* ^fcx ckWl*] ^jk[kh dk Lo;aoj* tSls mu dk;ZØeksa dks ns[k jgk gS tks gekjs lekt ds fy, dgha ls O;kid vlj gS ;g txtkfgj gSA NksVs lgh dk;ZØe ds :i esa utj ugha vkrs gaSA cPpksa ls ysdj uo;qod o efgyk,a lHkh ,d rjIkQ tgka Lo;aoj ds uke ij eghuksa vkt Hkh tc Vhoh lsV ls fpid tkrs gaS igys ls gh n'kZdksa dks vius lkFk tksM+ rks mUgsa vius dke dh Hkh lq/&cq/ ugha fy;k tkrk gS rks ogha nwljh rjIkQ v'yhy jgrh gSA ckr lkIkQ gS fd vxj vkt Hkh gjdrksa ds }kjk ^fcx ckWl* ds ?kj esa n'kZdksa esa Vhoh ds dk;ZØeksa dks ysdj ukVdh;rk iSnk dj n'kZdksa dks Vhoh lsV ls

Vhoh ns[k curk vkSj fcxM+rk Hkh gS ns'k

90 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | January 2010

euh 'kadj vks>k____________ fpidkus dk uk;kc rjhdk fudkyk tkrk gSA Vhvkjih c<+kus ds fy, 'kks ds lkFk&lkFk vk/h jkr ds oDr mlh 'kks dks vudV djds Hkh fn[kk;k tkrk gSA ftlesa ;g fn[kk;k tkrk gS fd fdlh lsysfczVh us fdldks dkSu lh xkyh nhA ^lp dk lkeuk* djkus ds uke ij ,sls iz'uksa dks j[kk tkrk gS fd vxj dksbZ O;fDr vius ifjokj lax cSB dk;ZØe ns[k jgk gS rks og vo'; gh ml dk;ZØe ls viuh nwjh cuk ysxkA dk;ZØe esa cnyko t:jh gS ysfdu ogha rd tgka rd lkekftd e;kZnkvksa dk mYya?ku ugha gksrk gSA Vhoh dk;ZØeksa dk vlj Hkkjrh; n'kZdksa ij

fo'ys " k.k

le; lkekftd e;kZnkvksa dk ikyu dSls gksrk gS bl fo"k; ij ifjokj ds O;fDr;ksa esa ppkZ gqvk djrh Fkh ysfdu vkt dqN Vhoh ds lkeus lhfj;yksa dks NksM+ nas rks 'kk;n gh ,sls dksbZ tc dksbZ n'kZd lhfj;y gksaxs ftu ij ppkZ gksrh gksxhA cSBrk gS vkSj orZeku esa ;g fLFkfr flIkQZ euksjatu pSuyksa dh gh ugha cfYd [kcfj;k pSuyksa dh Hkh [kcfj;k pSuy gSA lwpuk vkSj tkx:drk dk vk/kj cukus dks ns[krk gS rks okys ehfM;k dks ges'kk ls ljkgk vkSj flIkQZ blhfy, dHkh&dHkh dkslk Hkh tkrk jgk gSA tkudkjh rkfd mls dHkh&dHkh fdlh ds fy, j{kk djus okyh <+ky curh gS rks fdlh ds fy, okj ns'k&nqfu;k dh djus okyk gfFk;kj vkSj bl ekeys esa pkSFks lgh tkudkjh LrEHk dh Hkwfedk dgs tkus okys [kcfj;k fey ldsA ysfdu pSuy iwjh rjg ls viuh Hkwfedk lax U;k; ugha dj ik;s gaAS Hkwr&izrs ] ra=k&ea=k] luluh mUgsa tkudkjh dh ds uke ij vIkQokg ls ifjiw.kZ ,slh [kcjsa ctk; ,slh [kcjsa izlkfjr dh tkrh jgh gSa tks dgha ls Hkh fn[kk;h tkrh gaS vk/qfud ih<+h ds fy, lH; [kcjsa ugha dgh tk;saxhA Vhoh ds lkeus tc dksbZ tks fdlh gkWjj n'kZd cSBrk gS vkSj [kcfj;k pSuy dks 'kks ls de ns[krk gS rks flIkQZ blhfy, rkfd mls ugha gksrhA ns'k&nqfu;k dh lgh tkudkjh fey ldsA fdruk gksrk gS ;g jkek;.k vkSj egkHkkjr ysfdu mUgsa tkudkjh dh ctk; ,slh tSls lhfj;yksa ds izlkj.k ds le; ns[kus [kcjsa fn[kk;h tkrh gaS tks fdlh gkWjj 'kks dks feykA bu /kjkokfgdksa dks ns[k ml ls de ugha gksrhA ns'k esa Lokbu Ýyw dk

ekeyk gks eaqcbZ es gq, vkradh geys dh dojst gks ;k fIkQj y[kumQ ds Lekjdksa vkSj LFkyksa ij fn[kkbZ xbZ [kcj dk ekeyk gks [kcfj;k pSuyksa dh Hkwfedk ij loky gh mBs gSaA Lokbu Ýyw ds ekeys esa rks ,slh [kcjsa izdkf'kr dh xbZa tSls fd ;g chekjh iwjs ns'k esa yksxksa dh ftanxh dks gh Bi dj nsxhA Vhoh ij ,slh Hkzked [kcjksa dk izlkj.k n'kZdksa ds fy, dgha ls mfpr tku ugha izrhr gksrkA Vhoh lapkj dk ,d l'kDr ekè;e gS vkSj mldk mi;ksx bl rjg ls gksuk pkfg, rkfd ,d lH; vkSj lqlaLd`r lekt dk fuekZ.k gks ldsA Ukk fd ,slh luluh iw.kZ [kcjksa dk izlkj.k tks fd lekt ij udkjkRed izHkko MkysaA lekt esa vkt Hkh ,slh reke dqizFkk,a izpfyr gSa ftu ij dk;ZØe rS;kj dj lekt esa Økafrdkjh ifjorZu yk;k tk ldrk gSA jk[kh dk Lo;aoj o lp dk lkeuk dh txg vc mu dk;ZØeksa dh lekt dks t:jr gS tks lekt o jk"Vª ds fy, fgrdkjh gksaA vxj bl lapkj ds lk/u dk le; jgrs lgh lnqi;ksx u fd;k x;k rks fuf'pr gh blds if.kke Hk;kog :i esa lkeus gksaxsA Hkzked vkSj luluh iw.kZ dk;ZØe o [kcjsa cukdj Vhoh txr dks mQapkbZ;ksa ij dHkh Hkh ugha igqapk;k tk ldrkA 

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 91

fo'ys " k.k 7 fnlacj ls 18 fnlacj] 2009 rd MsuekdZ dh jktèkkuh dksius gsxu esa tyok;q lEesyu vk;ksftr fd;k x;kA bl lEesyu esa 192 ns'kksa ds izfrfufèk;ksa us Hkkx fy;kA dksius gsxu lEesyu esa fdlus D;k [kks;k] D;k ik;k fd ckr djsa rks lcls T;knk ftl ns'k us bl lEesyu esa [kks;k og gS phuA phu dks la;qDr jk"Vª ds LoPN rduhd esdsfuTe ds rgr lcls T;knk iQaM feyuk FkkA la;qDr jk"Vª ds iznw"k.k ls tqM+s phu ds vkadM+ksa ij Hkjkslk ugha FkkA nqfu;k ds lkeus phu dh dybZ u [kqy tk;s blfy, mlus iQaM VªkaliQj ;kstuk dk [kqydj fojksèk fd;kA ;g lkiQ gS fd [kqn ds cpko ds fy, phu us Hkkjr] czkthy vkSj nf{k.k vizQhdk ds lkFk feydj ,d xBtksM+ cuk fy;kA rkfd fodkl'khy ns'kksa ds fgrksa ds uke ij vius fgr dh j{kk dh tk ldsA Hkkjrh; ou vkSj i;kZoj.k ea=kh t;jke jes'k dh vksj ls ns'k ds fgrksa dks loksiZ fj j[kus lacaèkh c;ku nsus ds ckn xBcaèku cukus dh phu dh dksf'k'k esa vkSj rsth vk xbZA dqN fnuksa igys phu ds rsoj fcYdqy vyx FksA v#.kkpy izns'k esa nykbZ ykek ds nkSjs dks ysdj og dbZ ckj Hkkjr dks èkedkus vkSj izrkfM+r djus okyk joS;k viuk pqdk FkkA ysfdu viuk fgr lqjf{kr j[kus dh pkg esa blus dkcZu mRltZu ds ekeys esa fodkl'khy ns'kksa dh ,drk dk;e djus ds fy, Hkkjr ds fy, ea=kh ds rkSj ij ,d nwr Hkh Hkst fn;kA tgka rd dksisugsxu lEesyu dh ckr gS rks ;gka phu viuk fgr lqjf{kr j[kus esa iwjh rjg dke;kc jgk gSA phu dks bl ekeys esa rnFkZ uhfr dh t:jr Fkh vkSj dksisugsxsu esa ;gh gqvkA phu dks iQaM gkfly gks ldrk Fkk] ysfdu og dkcZu mRltZu esa dVkSrh ds ekudksa dks iwjk djus ds i{k esa ugha FkkA

dksisugsxu% D;k [kks;k] D;k ik;k vxj dksisugsxu esa ckrphr dksbZ lkFkZd :i ysrh rks Hkkjr dks T;knk iQk;nk gks ldrk FkkA ysfdu vc Hkh Hkkjr dh fLFkfr pyrh Vªsu ds HkhM+ Hkjs vukjf{kr fMCcs esa ?kqlus dh tíkstgn djus okys ds rkSj ij gh cuh gqbZ gSA dksisugsxu esa Hkkjr dh lkSnsckth vkSj Xykscy okfe±x de djus ds blds utfj;s ls Hkkjr nwljs ikys ds ns'kksa ds lkFk [kM+k gks x;kA

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nwljh vksj vxj dksisugsxu esa ckrphr dksbZ lkFkZd :i ysrh rks Hkkjr dks T;knk iQk;nk gks ldrk FkkA ysfdu vc Hkh Hkkjr dh fLFkfr pyrh Vªsu ds HkhM+ Hkjs vukjf{kr fMCcs esa ?kqlus dh tíkstgn djus okys ds rkSj ij gh cuh gqbZ gSA dksisugsxu esa Hkkjr dh lkSnsckth vkSj Xykscy okfe±x de djus ds blds utfj;s ls Hkkjr nwljs ikys ds ns'kksa ds lkFk [kM+k gks x;kA D;ksVks izksVksdksy] ftlesa fodflr ns'kksa ls ekud dVkSrh dh mEehn dh xbZ Fkh] dh f[kykiQr djds Hkkjr us lS¼kafrd :i ls thr Hkys gkfly dh gks] ysfdu rsth ls iznwf"kr gksrh nqfu;k esa blus vius drZO;ksa dks iwjk ugha fd;k gSA vkxs vkus okys le; esa fodkl'khy ns'k Hkh T;knk iznw"k.k iSnk djsaxsA phu bl le; nqfu;k esa lcls cM+k xzhugkml xSl iSnk djus okyk ns'k gSA Hkkjr Hkh dksbZ cgqr ihNs ugha gSA gkykafd nksuksa dk nkok gS fd mUgsa fodkl djus dk vckèk vfèkdkj gkfly gS] ysfdu blls i;kZoj.k ij iM+us okys vlj dk [kkfe;ktk rks Hkqxruk gh iM+xs kA

D;ksVks izksVksdkWy ij fofHkUu ns'kksa dh fLFkfr tyok;q ifjorZu ij vk;ksftr dksisugsxu lEesyu esa 'kkfey vfèkdrj ns'kksa us bPNk trkbZ fd D;ksVks izksVksdkWy ds izkoèkkuksa dk nwljs nkSj esa foLrkj fd;k tk;sA lkFk gh gfjr izkS|ksfxdh ds fy, fodkl'khy ns'kksa dks vkfFkZd enn Hkh nh tk;sA D;ksVks izksVksdkWy tyok;q ifjorZu ij la;qDr jk"Vª ds izk:i lEesyu (;w,u,iQlhlhlh) dk fgLlk gSA ;g ,d varjkZ"Vªh; i;kZoj.k lafèk gS] tks la;qDr jk"Vª lEesyu esa jph xbZ FkhA blds rgr dkcZu mRltZu esa deh ykus dh vfèkdka'k ftEesnkjh fodflr ns'kksa dks lkSaih xbZ gSA ;g 2012 rd izHkkoh gSA

fo'ys " k.k dksisugsxu lEesyu dh 'kq#vkr esa ;w,u,iQlhlhlh ds dk;Zdkjh lfpo oks fn cks,j us dgk fd vfèkdka'k ns'kksa us lkiQ dj fn;k gS fd os D;ksVks izksVksdkWy dks tkjh j[kuk pkgrs gSaA lkFk gh mUgsa gfjr izkS|ksfxdh dh vksj eksM+us ds fy, izfro"kZ 10 vjc MkWyj dh t:jr iMs+xhA

Hkkjr D;ksVks izksVksdkWy esa la'kksèku ds f[kykiQ ;wjksih; la?k dh vksj ls fodkl'khy ns'kksa

ij tyok;q ladV dh vfèkd ftEesnkjh Mkyus okyk vkSj D;ksVks izkVs ksdkWy ls vfèkd O;kid izLrko is'k fd;s tkus ds chp Hkkjr us dksisugsxu tyok;q ladV lEesyu esa D;ksVks izksVksdkWy esa fdlh Hkh la'kksèku dk fojksèk fd;k gSA NksVs iz'kkar }hih; ns'k rqokyw us D;ksVks izksVksdkWy esa ,d vkSj izksVksdkWy tksM+s tkus dk izLrko j[kk gSA Hkkjr] phu] nf{k.k vizQhdk vkSj czkthy vkfn fodkl'khy ns'k ,d izksVksdkWy dh voèkkj.kk ij dk;e gSaA rqokyw ,d ,slk NksVk&lk }hih; ns'k gS tgka yksx leqnz ry ls nks ehVj dh mQapkbZ ij jgrs gSaA c<+rk ty Lrj mldk ukeksfu'kku feVk nsxkA rqokyw ds izfrfufèk b;ku izQkbZ us dksisugsxu tyok;q ladV lEesyu ds ea=kh dksuh gsxkMZ ls u;s izkVs ksdkWy ds izLrko ij fopkj&foe'kZ ds fy, rRdky ,d laidZ lewg xfBr djus dh vihy dhA u;k izksVksdkWy fodflr ns'kksa vkSj mHkjrh vFkZO;oLFkkvksa dh vksj ls Ms<+ fMxzh dh lhek ls de xehZ vkSj ckè;dkjh dVkSrh ds izkoèkku tSlh dM+h dkjZokbZ dh ckr djrk gSA

gsxkMZ dks bl eqís ij xfrjksèk iSnk gksus ls lhvksih ds dkedkt dks jksduk iM+k Fkk] D;ksafd vkLVªsfy;k vkSj ;wjksih; la?k tSls dqN ns'k bldk leFkZu dj jgs gSaA nwljh vksj Hkkjr vkSj phu tSls fodkl'khy ns'kksa o lmQnh vjc tSls rsy mRiknd ns'kksa us bl vkèkkj ij bldk fojksèk fd;k gS fd D;ksVks izksVksdkWy ls dksbZ HkVdko ugha gksuk pkfg, tks vesfjdk dks NksM+dj vkS|ksfxd ns'kksa ij dkuwuu ckè;dkjh izfrcaèk Fkksirh gSA Hkkjr vkSj nwljs ns'kksa dks lansg gS fd u;s izksVksdkWy dks ;wjksih; la?k dk leFkZu D;ksVks izkVs ksdkWy dks detksj djus dh lkft'k Hkh gks ldrh gSA D;ksVks izksVksdkWy ,uDl&1 esa j[ks x;s 37 vkS|ksfxd ns'kksa ds fy, ckè;dkjh y{; r; djrk gSA blds rgr mUgsa 1990 ds foijhr 2008&12 ds chp xzhu gkml xSlksa ds mRltZu esa ikap izfr'kr dh deh djuh gksxhA ysfdu rqokyw vkSj NksVs }hih; ns'kksa ds xBcaèku (,vks,lvkbZ,l) dk dguk gS fd dksisugsxu lEesyu esa ,d ,slk nLrkost rS;kj fd;s tkus dh t:jr gS tks D;ksVks izksVksdkWy ls vfèkd etcwr gksA D;ksVks izkVs ksdkWy u rks vesfjdk ij vkSj u gh mHkjrh vFkZO;oLFkkvksa ij dksbZ nkf;Ro Mkyrk gSA lEesyu dk egRoiw.kZ mn~n's ; D;ksVks izksVksdkWy dks 2013 ls 'kq: gks jgs nwljs izfrc¼rk pj.k esa ys tkuk gS tgka dVkSrh djus okys fodflr ns'kksa dks ,uDl ch dh lwph esa Mkyk tk;sxk tks Hkkjr vkSj phu dh 'kh"kZ izkFkfedrk gSA

tyok;q ifjorZu% ,d utj Xysf'k;j% vkdZfVd egklkxj esa ciQZ dk LFkk;h doj gj lky gkWySaM (41 gtkj oxZ fdeh) ds cjkcj fldqM+ jgk gSA èkqzoksa ds ckn lokZfèkd 15 gtkj Xysf'k;j fgeky; esa gaSA 1950 ds n'kd ds ckn nks gtkj fi?ky pqds gSaA ;gh xfr jgh rks 2035 esa lkjs Xysf'k;j xk;c gks tk;saxsA

rkieku% fiNys lkS lky esa nqfu;k dk vkSlr rkieku 0-74 fMxzh lsfYl;l jgkA ;g 2005 ds vfèkdre rki ls ek=k 0-03 fMxzh lsfYl;l gh de FkkA leqæ dk Lrj% 1870 ds ckn ls egklkxjksa esa tyLrj 1-7 feeh dh lkykuk xfr ls 20 lseh c<+ pqdk gSA lkbafVfiQd desVh vkWu vaVkdZfVdk fjlpZ ds eqrkfcd bl lnh ds var rd leqnz dk tyLrj pkj iQhV ls T;knk c<+ tk;sxkA ;g iwoZ esa yxk;s vuqeku ls nksxquk gSA tyLrj esa ,slh o`f¼ ls eqacbZ] dksydkrk] psUubZ tSls gekjs rVorhZ 'kgjksa lfgr nqfu;k ds lHkh rVorhZ 'kgj [krjs esa iM+ tk;saxsA xzhu ,uthZ t:jh% dks;ys vkSj dPps rsy tSls mQtkZ ds ijaijkxr lzksrksa ls lcls T;knk dkcZu xSlsa fudy jgh gSaA fiQygky bUgha dk lcls T;knk bLrseky gks jgk gSA Xykscy okfe±x jksdus ds fy, mQtkZ ds u;s rjhdksa dks T;knk ls T;knk viukuk gksxkA taxy esa vkx% rkieku c<+us ds lkFk taxyksa esa vkx yxus dh ?kVuk,a c<+h gSaA ouksa esa vkx yxus ls fudyh dkcZu MkbZvkDlkbM gok esa ekStwn dqy xSl dk 20 izfr'kr fgLlk gSA izkÑfrd vkink,a% Xysf'k;jksa ds fi?kyus ls nqfu;k Hkj ds igkM+h bykdksa esa ck<+ o HkwL[kyu dh ?kVuk,a c<+ ldrh gSAa vkdZfVd esa ciQZ fi?kyus ls leqnz ry esa Hkwdai vk ldrk gSA blls nqfu;k esa lqukeh dk [krjk c<+xs kA [kk| o ty ladV% rkieku c<+rk jgk rks bl lnh ds var rd [ksrksa esa mit 20 ls 40 izfr'kr ?kV tk;sxhA vkèkk fMxzh rkieku Hkh c<+k rks Hkkjr esa xsgwa dk ,d&pkSFkkbZ mRiknu de gks tk;sxkA lsgr dh fpark% rkieku c<+us ls yw dk izdksi c<+ ldrk gSA xeZ tyok;q] c<+rh ueh vkSj ckfj'k ds cnyrs Lo:i ls eysfj;k] Msaxw] ihfy;k o dbZ rjg ds efLr"d Toj ds ekeys c<+ ldrs gSaA ikuh dh deh ls fdMuh dh leL;k,a iSnk gks ldrh gSaA 

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 93

la p kj txr~

MhVh,p daifu;ksa dh ubZ lsok,a MhVh,p daifu;ka oSY;w ,sMsM lsokvksa dks ysdj dkIkQh xaHkhj gSaA vkenuh c<+kus ds fy, ;s daifu;ka u, uqL[ks vktek jgh gSaA bl dM+h esa VkVk LdkbZ us vius xzkgdksa dks vaxzsth fl[kkus ds fy, ubZ lsok ykap dh gSA bl lsok dk mís'; efgykkvksa dks cksypky dh ljy vaxzsth Hkk"kk fl[kkuk gSA ogha fM'k Vhoh tYn gh 4&6 oSY;w ,sMsM lsok,a ykap djuh okyh gSA ;s lsok,a ekUlVj MkWVdke] ;k=kk MkWVdke dh rjg gh gksaxhA blds vykok lu MhVh,p Hkh ubZ lsokvksa dks cktkj esa mrkjus dh rS;kjh esa gSaA

vc lsyIkQksu cspus dh rS;kjh esa xwxy

tkjh gS eksckby daifu;ksa esa izkbl okj

eksckby txr esa py jgh vkilh izfrLi/kZ esa vc ,d vkSj uke 'kkfey gksus tk jgk gSA baVjusV lsok,a eqgS;k djkus okyh daiuh xwxy Hkh vxys o"kZ ls eksckby gSaMlsV fcØh ds dkjksckj esa dne j[kus tk jgh gSA daiuh ;s IkQksu osaMjksa ;k Mhyjksa dks ugha nsxh] lh/s xzkgdksa rd igqapk;sxhA okWy LVªhV tuZy ds lw=kksa us crk;k fd xwxy ds fy, usDll ou czkaM ds bl eksckby dk fuekZ.k ,pVhlh dkWiZ dj jgh gSA

jsfM;ks daifu;ksa ds foÙkh; ifj.kke tkaps xk ea=kky;

eksckby daifu;ksa ds chp tkjh vkilh izfrLi/kZ us miHkksDrkvksa dh pkanh dj j[kh gSA izfr lsdsaM iSlk olwyus dks ysdj eksckby daifu;ksa ds chp fNM+h tax esa fiNys fnuksa ,eVh,u Hkh dwn iM+kA ,eVh,u us vU; eksckby daifu;ksa dh lsok ds ykHk dks ihNs NksM+rs gq, vk/k iSlk

izfr lsdsaM dkWYk dh lqfo/k 'kq: dh gSA gkykafd ;g lsok ,eVh,u,y usVodZ ij dh tkus okyh dkWy ij gh ykxw gksxhA 3 th lsok iznku dj jgh ,eVh,u,y dh bl igy ls mlds xzkgd ns'kHkj esa ,d iSlk izfr lsdsaM dh nj ij ohfM;ksa dkWy dj ldsaxsA ogha ch,l,u,y us Hkh iksLVisM o jksfeax njsa ?kVk nh gSaA iksLVisM ij vc T;knk IkzQh dkWYl dh lqfo/ k feysxh tcfd u, Iyku 1500 ij ns'kHkj esa pkSchlksa ?k.Vs vlhfer IkzQh dkYl dh tk ldsaxhA

futh ,IkQ,e jsfM;ks m|ksx ds fy, cgqr laHko gS fd tYn gh lwpuk ,oa izlkj.k ea=kky; muds foÙkh; ifj.kkeksa dh tkap djsxkA ea=kky; dk ;g iz;kl ml oDr ns[kus dks feyk] tc fiNys fnuksa lwpuk ,oa izlkj.k ea=kh vafcdk lksuh jsfM;ks ds izeq[k czkaM izfrfuf/;ksa ls feyhaA izfrfuf/;ksa us vafcdk ds lkeus ekStwnk 10 o"kZ dh vof/ okys jsfM;ks ykblsal dh vof/ 5 o"kZ vkSj c<+kus dh xqgkj yxkbZA bl le; ns'k esa yxHkx 40 jsfM;ks daifu;ka 251 futh ,IkQ,e jsfM;ks dk ifjpkyu dj jgh gSaA cgjgky jsfM;ks daifu;ksa dh mDRk ekax ij lwpuk ,oa izlkj.k ea=kky; us muls fiNys o"kZ ds foÙkh; vkadM+s fn[kkus dh ekax dh gSA 94 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide |January 2010

iQks d l

lIkQyrk dh lhf<+;ka p<+uk gj fdlh dk [okc gksrk gS] ysfdu ;g [okc ogh lkdkj dj ikrs gSa tks vius eafty dks ikus ds fy, vfUre {k.k rd iz;kl djrs gSaA vkSj ;gh tquwu o tTck vkt dbZ ,sls f[kykfM+;ksa esa utj vkrk gS ftUgksaus u dsoy [ksy dh fo/k esa cfYd dkjksckj dh nqfu;k esa Hkh viuh cqyafn;ksa dk >aMk xkM+k gSA th gka ;gka ge ckr dj jgs gSa dfiy nso] egs'k Hkwifr] vrqy oklu]

og gS dfiy nso dk ukeA ;g mudk tquwu o tTck gh gS fd mUgksaus fØdsV ls fjVk;j gksus ds ckn vesfjdk dh daiuh ekLdks ykbfVax ds lkFk feydj nso ekLdks ykbfVax izkbosV fyfeVsM [kksyh gSA fØdsV ds ckn fctusl ds f[kykM+h cu eSnku esa mrjus okys dfiy nso dk dguk gS fd ^vHkh rd geus xksYIkQ] gkWdh] Vsful LDoS'k vkSj fØdsV LVsfM;e esa gh ykbV yxkus dk dke fd;k gS ysfdu vc ge iQqVcky gkWlZ

vc f[kykM+h de dkjksckjh T;knk cu x;s gaS f[kykM+h ohjsUnz lgokx] lfpu rsUnqydj tSsls mu f[kykfM;ksa dh ftUgksaus u dsoy [ksy dh nqfu;k esa vius [ksy dkS'ky dk yksgk euok;k cfYd dkjksckj dh nqfu;k esa Hkh cqyafn;ksa ds >aMs xkM+ jgs gaSA dfiy nso us Hkys gh fØdsV ls lU;kl ys fy;k gS ysfdu vkt Hkh yksdfiz;rk ds ekeys esa og u;s f[kykfM;ksa ij Hkkjh gh utj vkrs gSaA ;g yksdfiz;rk mUgsa lkSxkr ds :i esa ugha cfYd muds vFkd ifjJe us mUgsa fnykbZ gSA 1983 dh oYMZ di dh thr tc Hkh n'kZdksa ds tsgu esa vkrh gS rks ,d gh uke muds eq[k ij gksrk gS vkSj

jkbfMax vkSj vU; [ksyksa ds LVsfM;e dks Hkh tksM+us dh ;kstuk cuk jgs gSaA cgqr de gh yksxksa dks ;g irk gksxk fd Hkkjrh; fØdsV Vhe ds dHkh rst xsanckt jg pqds vrqy oklu us djhc 14 lky igys gh ^dkWesV bafM;k izkbosV fyfeVsM* uke ls daiuh 'kq: dh tks ekscby IkQksu dh ,Dlsljht dh Mhyj vkSj jhVsfyax dk dke djrh gSA ;g vrqy oklu dh dkjksckj dh nqfu;k esa lIkQyrk dh gh nsu gS fd daiuh ftldh lkykuk xzksFk jsV 30 IkQhlnh vkSj VuZ vksoj 50 djksM+ ls vf/d gS vc daI;wVj vkSj vkbZikWM ,Dlsljht vk;kr djds vius czkMa

1983 dh oYMZ di dh thr tc Hkh n'kZdksa ds tsgu esa vkrh gS rks ,d gh uke muds eq[k ij gksrk gS vkSj og gS dfiy nso dk ukeA ;g mudk tquwu o tTck gh gS fd mUgksaus fØdsV ls fjVk;j gksus ds ckn vesfjdk dh daiuh ekLdks ykbfVax ds lkFk feydj nso ekLdks ykbfVax izkbosV fyfeVsM [kksyh gSA

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 97

iQks d l use ls cspus dh ;kstuk cuk jgh gSA [ksyksa dh nqfu;k ds ;s egkjFkh tks fd vkt dkjksckj dh nqfu;k ds u, f[kykM+h cu jgs gaS dks 'kksgjr vkSj iSlk nksuksa gh [ksy txr dh nqfu;k ls feykA iSlkas dh cjlkr bu f[kykfM+;ksa ij lIkQyrk dh mapkbZ dks Nwus ds ckn fdl dnj gksrh gS ;g orZeku esa lHkh dks irk gSA vke ?kjksa ls vk, f[kykM+h Hkh jkrks&jkr djksM+ifr cu tkrs

lkSjo xkaxqyh tks fd ges'kk ppkZvksa esa jgrs gaS rFkk ftudk rkyqd ,d lIkQy fctusl ifjokj ls gS dh vkØked j.kuhfr [ksy ds eSnku esa gh ugha cfYd vc fctusl ds eSnku esa Hkh ns[kus dks fey jgh gSA ges'kk ls dqN gVdj djus dh lksap j[kus dh gh nsu gS fd lkSjo xkaxqyh us ikfjokfjd i`"BHkwfe ls vyx dkjksckj pqukA

gS rks fLkIkQZ blhfy, D;ksafd vkt ds ;wFk vkbZdkWu cu pqds bu f[kykfM+;ksa dh foKkiu txr esa lcls vf/d fMekaM gSA vkSj LokHkkfod gS fd tc fMekaM gksxh rks iSlksa dh Hkh cjlkr gksxhA dkjksckj dh nqfu;k esa vkt vxj ;s f[kykM+h lIkQyrk gkfly dj jgs gSa rks dgha u dgha ml lIkQyrk esa mudh [ksy dh nqfu;k esa cVksjh xbZ miyfC/;ksa dk Hkh ;ksxnku gSA oSls rks vxj ns[kk tk; rks fctusl ds dkjksckj esa cgqr lh ,slh 'kf[l;r Hkh gSa ftUgksua s [kqn eqdke gkfly fd;kA ysfdu vxj lgh ek;uksa esa ns[ksa rks ;g eqdke rc r; djuk vklku gks tkrk gS tc iSlk vkSj IkQse nksuksa gh vkids ikl gksaA lkSjo xkaxy q h tks fd ges'kk ppkZvksa esa jgrs gaS rFkk ftudk rkyqd ,d lIkQy fctusl ifjokj ls gS dh vkØked j.kuhfr [ksy ds eSnku esa gh ugha cfYd vc fctusl ds eSnku esa Hkh ns[kus dks fey jgh gSA ges'kk ls dqN gVdj djus dh lksap j[kus dh gh nsu gS fd lkSjo xkaxqyh us ikfjokfjd i`"BHkwfe ls vyx dkjksckj pqukA 2004 esa jsLrjka dkjksckj ls tqM+s nknk us dydRrk esa lkSjo n IkQwM iSosfy;u* uke ls jsLrjka [kksykA nknk vc Hkfo"; esa vkSj jsLrjka [kksyus dh pkgr j[krs gSaA bl ekeys esa ekLVj CykLVj lfpu rasnqydj vkSj eqYrku ds lqYrku Hkh ihNs ugha gaSA juks dk vackj [kM+k djus okys lfpu rsanqydj dk Hkh eqacbZ esa viuk jsLVksjsaV gSA oh: dks rks gfj;k.kk ljdkj us ogka LiksV~lZ vdkneh cukus ds fy, 23 ,dM+ tehu dk vkoaVu Hkh dj fn;k gSA ,slk ugha gS fd flIkQZ fØdsV f[kykM+h gh fctusl dh nqfu;k esa u, f[kykM+h cudj mHkjs gSaA Vsful dh nqfu;k esa viuk ijpe ygjkus okys egs'k Hkwifr us rks lky 2002

98 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | January 2010

esa gh Xyksc LiksVZ bafM;k izkbosV fyfeVsM dh 'kq:vkr dh FkhA egs'k Hkwifr dh ;g daiuh fo'o Lrj ij lsysfczVh eSustesaV dk dke ns[k jgh gSA vkSj blesa lSIkQ vyh [kku] lkfu;k fetkZ] ykjk nRrk] nhfidk iknqdks.k tSls lsysfczVh Hkh 'kkfey gSaA [ksy dh nqfu;k ds bu flrkjksa dk dkjksckj dh nqfu;k esa Hkh lIkQyrk ds >.Ms xkM+uk ;g n'kkZrk gS fd [ksy fd nqfu;k ds ;s flrkjs vc okLro esa dkjksckjh nqfu;k ds Hkh csrkc ckn'kkg cuus dh bPNk j[krs gSaA ysfdu tc ;gh dkjksckj dh nqfu;k iwjh rjg ls f[kykM+h dks fctusleSu cuk nsrh gS rks dgha u dgha mldk [ksy izHkkfor gks r k gS A Hkys gh vf/drj lIkQy f[kykfM;ksa us nksuksa gh {ks=kksa esa lIkQyrk vftZr dh gS ysfdu orZeku esa dqN ,sls Hkh f[kykM+h gaS ftu ij iSlk] fctusl vkSj XySej dh nqfu;k dk vljnkj izHkko jgk gSA vkSj ;gh dkj.k gS fd orZeku ds f[kykM+h] f[kykM+h de dkjksckjh T;knk cuss gq, utj vk jgs gSaA 


vc vkbZih,y dh rtZ ij vkbZch,y

fcx Vhoh us fd;k IkQkWDl LVkj ls le>kSrk vfuy vackuh dh Mk;jsDV&Vw&gkse daiuh fjyk;al fcx Vhoh us IkQkWDl LVkj ds lkFk bldh fIkQYe vorkj ds fy, foi.ku laca/h le>kSrk fd;k gSA lw=kksa ls feyh tkudkjh ds vuqlkj nksuksa daifu;ksa ds chp ;g le>kSrk 20 djksM+ #Ik;s esa gqvk gSA vorkj ,d 3Mh dkYifud fIkQYe gS] ftls cukus esa tsEl dSejksu dks djhc pkj lky dk le; yxk gSA IkQkWDl LVkj bl fIkQYe dks nqfu;kHkj esa ,d lkFk

iznf'kZr dj jgh gSA bl le>kSrs ds ckn fcx Vhoh dks vorkj ds fo"k; oLrq ds igys izpkj&izlkj dk vf/dkj gksxk] ftldk izlkj.k MhVh,p ds tfj, fd;k tk,xkA

vkbZih,y VwukZesaV dh n'kZdksa esa c<+rh nhokuxh o bl VwukZesaV dh lIkQyrk dks ns[k vc Hkkjrh; ckLdsVckWy egkla?k Hkh vxys o"kZ ls bafM;u ckLdsVckWy yhx (vkbZch,y) 'kq: djus tk jgk gSA ;gh ugha blds fy, mlus vk/h ls vf/d rS;kfj;ka Hkh iwjh dj yh gSA vkbZch,y VwukZesaV ds vk;kstu dh 'kq:vkr ds ckjs esa ch,IkQvkbZ egklfpo gjh'k 'kekZ us dgk fd egkla?k us u flIkQZ is'ksoj yhx 'kq: djus ds fy, [kkdk rS;kj dj fy;k gS cfYd og vxys lky ls dkWyst vkSj Ldwy yhx 'kq: djus dh Hkh ;kstuk cuk jgk gSA lkFk gh 'kekZ us ;g Hkh dgk fd geus iQsp a kbth vkSj 'kgj ij vk/kfjr nksuks

ekMy rS;kj dj fy;s gSaA buesa ls fdls pquk tk,xk] ;g izk;kstdksa ls ckr djus ds ckn gh r; gksxkA bl chp varjkZ"Vªh; ckLdsVckWy IkQsMjs'ku (IkQhck) us Hkh ch,IkQvkbZ ds ,sls iz;kl dh ljkguk djrs gq, viuh vksj ls gjlaHko enn dk oknk fd;kA

fM'k Vhoh dh ?kj vkbZ ftanxh fM'k Vhoh us ^?kj vkbZ ftnaxh* uke ls ,d u;k dSaisu 'kq: fd;k gSA blds tfj, ns'kHkj ds n'kZdksa rd izHkko'kkyh <ax ls igqap cukus dh dksf'k'k fM'k Vhoh us dh gSA bl dSaisu ds fy, daiuh us rhl djksM+ dk ctV r; fd;k gSA fIkQYkgky fM'k Vhoh ds ikl 63 yk[k miHkksDrk gaSA mEehn gS fd foÙk o"kZ ds var rd 70 yk[k miHkksDrk gks tk,axsA

varjkZ"Vªh; fØdsV txr esa Hkkjr dh fdjfdjh Hkys gh Hkkjr us Jhyadk dks ijkftr dj ,dfnolh; lhjht dks vius uke dj fy;k ysfdu tks dqN dksVyk ds eSnku ij gqvk mlls Hkkjr dh varjkZ"Vªh; fØdsV txr esa tedj tx galkbZ gqbZA fIkQjkst'kkg dksVyk ds eSnku ij gqbZ bl ?kVuk ds ckn ,d ckr rks lkIkQ gS fd 'kk;n gh vc fnYyhoklh fo'o di eSp dk vkUkUn fnYyh esa mBk ldsaA chlhlhvkbZ dh fip desVh ds ps;jeSu nythr flag dh ns[kjs[k esa dksVyk dh fip cuh Fkh nythr us bldh ftEesnkjh ysus ls bUdkj Hkh ugha fd;kA ysfdu chlhlhvkbZ us eSp ds jn~n January 2010

gksus dks xaHkhjrk ls fy;k ,oa rqjUr nythr flag ds usr`Ro okyh ikap lnL;h; fip ,oa xzkmaMl desVh dks c[kkZLr dj fn;kA Hkys gh ;g dM+h dkjZokbZ chlhlhvkbZ us dh ysfdu dksVyk esa tks dqN gqvk og nksckjk ugha gksxk dk D;k izek.k gSA | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 99


January 2010

| Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 100


Government of India

Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Dr. Manmohan Singh Hon'ble Prime Minister

Mahanagar Doorsanchar Bhawan, (next to Zakir Hussain College) Jawaharlal Nehru Marg (Old Minto Road) New Delhi-110 002 Phone: +91-11-2323 6308, 23233466, 23220534, 23213223 Fax: +91-11-23213294 E-mail:

148, South Block, New Delhi-110001 Tel.: +91-11-23012312, 23017660 Fax : +91-11-2301 7660

Sh. P. Chidambaram Union Minister of Home Affairs North Block, New Delhi-110001 Tel.: +91-11-2309 2462, 2309 4686 Fax : +91-11-23017419

Sh. M.Veerappa Moily Shastri Bhawan, New Delhi Tel.: +91-11-23387557, 23384567

1. Sh. J.S. Sarma, Chairman Tel.: +91-11-26161236, 26166026 Email: Fax : 011-2323 6026

Ministry of Information & Broadcasting

2. Sh.R.K. Arnold, Secretary Tel.: +91-11-22337448, 23211847 Ext.-201 Fax: +91-11-23222816

Union Law Minster

3. Smt. Sadhana Dikshit, Pr.Advisor (IFA) Tel.: +91-11-23221856, 23220379 Ext.:139 Fax: +91-11-23235249 Email:

A-Wing, 5th Floor, Shastri Bhawan, Rajendra Prasad Road, N Delhi-110001 Tel.: +91-11-23384340, 23384782, 23387837 Fax : +91-11-23384286

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Smt. Ambika Soni

4. Shri Lav Gupta, Pr. Advisor (FN) Tel.: +91-11-23216930, 23235623 Ext.:131 Fax: +91-11-23235270 Email:

Union Minister of I & B Email:

Sh. Choudhary Mohan Jatua

5. Shri Parameswaran N., Pr. Advisor (RE) Tel.: +91-11-23233291 Ext.: 401 Fax: +91-11-23235161 Email:

Minister of State - I & B Tel.: +91-11-23073424, 23073423 Email:

Sh. S Jagathrakshakan Minister of State - I & B Tel.: +91-11-23384214, 23385583 Email:

6. Shri. K. J. S. Bains, Adv (Legal) Tel.: +91-11-23237024 Ext.: 134 Fax: +91-11-23211040 Email:

Sh. Raghu Menon Secretary - I & B Tel.: +91-11-23382639,23383513 Fax: +91-11-23386530 E-mail :

Sh. Uday Kumar Varma Addl. Secretary - I & B Tel.: +91-11-23387558 Fax: +91-11-23387617 E-mail :

Ms. Zohra Chatterji Joint Secretary - I & B Tel.: +91-11-23382597 Fax: +91-11-23381043 E-mail :

January 2010

7. Shri MC Chaube, Advisor (Qos) Tel.: +91-11-23230404 Ext.: 601 Fax: +91-11-23213036 Email: 8. Shri Subodh K Gupta,Adv (B&CS) Tel.: +91-11-23237922 Ext.: 901 Fax: +91-11-23220442 Email:

| Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 101


Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India),

Telecom Disputes Settlement & Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT)

Shri Arun Bhatnagar, Chairman Part-time Members Shri R. N. Bisaria Shri George Verghese

Shri B S Lalli, Chief Executive Officer

Smt. Mamta Shankar Dr. Sunil Kapur Lt Gen Utpal Bhattacharya Shri Sunil Dang

Nominated Member Shri Uday Kumar Verma, (Additional Secretary, MIB)


1. Sh. Baljeet Singh Lalli

2. Sh. L.D. Mandloi (DD)

3. Sh. A.S. Guin

Tel.:+91-11-26876882, 26873411 Fax - +91-11-24105171, 26876882 E-mail -, 1. Hon’ble Justice Mr.S.B. Sinha Chairperson 9, Tyagraj Marg, New Delhi Tel.: +91-11- 26882176, 26881721

Ex Officio Members Ms. Aruna Sharma, Director-General (Doordarshan) Shri G. Jayalal, Director-General (Akashvani)


Room No.282 (2nd Floor) & Room No.478 (4th Floor) Hotel Samrat, Chanakyapuri, Kautilya Marg, New Delhi - 110 021

2. Mr.G.D.Gaiha Member Tel.: +91-11-26882417


CEO, Prasar Bharati

D.G. Doordarshan


23737603, 23352558 PTI Building, Parliament Street, Fax: 011-23352549 New Delhi-110001 23386055 Mandi House, Copernicus Marg, Fax: 011-23385843 New Delhi-110001 E-mail :

23388113 Copernicus Marg, New Delhi-110001 Fax : +91-11-23384279 E-mail :

3. Mr. Arvind Chawla Advisor Tel.: +91-11-24122217 4. Mr. Gautam Chatterjee Director Tel.: +91-11-24104702 5. Mr. Om Prakash Sharma PPS to Hon’ble Chairperson Tel.: +91-11-23014989, 23017031 6. Mr. Sanjeev Pandey Asistant Registrar Tel.: +91-11-24105171

All India Aavishkar Dish Antenna Sangh. (Regd.) Dr. A. K. Rastogi President B-262, Indra Nagar, Delhi-110033 Ph. : +91-11-27672736, 27682112 E-mail : Website :

CATV ENTREPRENEURS CLUB Dr. A. K. Rastogi - Convener B-262, Indra Nagar, Delhi-110033 Ph. : +91-11-27672736, 27682112 E-mail : 102 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | January 2010


ADVENTURE CHANNEL ANIMAL PLANET/ DISCOVERY CHANNEL ..................... VIVEK ARORA +91-11 4149 1100 9/1-B, Qutab Inst. Area Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi- 110 067

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC/ ...................... PIYUSH HISTORY CHANNEL +91-11-26319950 News Television India (P.) Ltd. 205, 206, Okhla Ind. Estate, Ph-III, New Delhi- 110 020

EAGLE CABLE COMM. ................... ASHOK VERMA J/12, Jangpura Extn. New Delhi-110014

DTH BHARTI TELETECH ................. SANJEEV KASHYAP Bharti Teletech P. Ltd. Sec- 39, Unitech Cyber Park, Tower- B, 8 th Flr., Gurgaon (HR) Ph: 0124 4244 000/ 08


DD DIRECT ............................... VINOD KAPOOR Doordarshan Bhawan Copernicus Marg, Mandi House Delhi-110 001

DISH TV ............................................. ANJALI

BUSINESS CHANNEL CNBC / AWAAZ ............................. PIYUSH GOEL Mr. Asim Mukadam ................ (R. M. West) P. R. Vasu .......................... (R. M. Gujrat) Priya Mukherjee ................... (R.M. South) Express Trade Tower, Plot no. 15- 16, Film City, Sec.- 16A, Noida.

NDTV PROFIT .................. ROHIT LAMBA, VIKRAM +91-11-26446666 W-17, Grater Kailash Part-1, New Delhi - 110017

+91-120-2511064 / 78 New Era Ent. Network Ltd. FC-19, IInd Flr., Sec-16A, Noida- 201 301

TATA SKY ................................ VIKRAM MEHRA +91-22-6613 3000 / 3284 3rd Floor, Bombay Dyeing, A. O. building, Pandurang Budhkar Marg, Worli, Mumbai – 400 025

ENGLISH NEWS CHANNEL BBC WORLD ..................................................

ZEE BUSINESS ....................... ROHIT MAHAJAN, ........................................ SAMEER AHUWALIA +91-11-2511064 -73 19, film city, Sec. -16A Noida (U.P.) - 201301

COPY RIGHT HOLDER CABLE VIDEO INDIA LTD. .................... P. SAMRAJ +91-11-26963368 J-8, Bhim Nagri, Safdarjung Enclave (Opp. St. Paul’s School) New Delhi-110016

HEMA SURI (NORTH) E- 21, IInd Flr., Hauz Khas Market, New Delhi- 110016 Ph: 46083800

S.SATHYANARAYANAN (SOUTH) +91-80-22351070-72 212, Prestige Centre Point 7, Edward Road, Bangalore-560 052 Email :

SUNIL JOSHI (WEST & EAST) +91-22-30652121 803-806, Vaibhav Chambers Opp. Income Tax Office Bandra Kurla Complex, Bandra (East)

CHANNEL NEWS ASIA ........ SIDHARTH SRIVASTAVA NOVEX COMMUNICATION P. LTD. ....... PREETI JANI +91-22-67045840 B-301, Remibizcourt, 9 Shah Industrial Estate Off Veera Desai Road, Andheri (W) Mumbai - 400 058 Fax : 022-67045840, E-mail : Website :

PRIME PROTECTION ................... SATISH KAPOOR 9810049058 F-39 (Basement), East of kailash, New Delhi-110048

+91-124-5049989 MCN International P Ltd. C-1070, IInd Flr., Sushant lok - I, Gurgaon- 122 002 MOb : 98101 55580 E-mail:

CNN IBN .................................... PIYUSH GOEL R. M. North & east +91-120-434 1818

ASIM MUKADAM ................... (R. M. WEST) P. R. VASU ....................... (R. M. GUJRAT) PRIYA MUKHERJEE ............... (R.M. SOUTH) Express Trade Tower, Plot no. 15- 16, Film City, Sec.- 16A, Noida.

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 103


HEADLINES TODAY ................... RAJMOHAN NAIR 91-11-2368 4878 Videocon Tower, E-1, Jhandewalan Extn. New Delhi – 110 055

NDTV 24 X 7 ............................. ROHIT LAMBA +91-11-26446666 New Delhi Television Ltd. W-17, Greater Kailash-I New Delhi- 110 048 Fax: 011-26461740, 26219746

TIMES NOW .................................. TAPAS ROY +91-11-43505316 Express Building, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi- 110 001

ENTERTAINMENT CHANNEL B4U MOVIES ......... ALKESH KANANI (INDIA-HEAD) +91-22-40902400 B4U Television Network Pvt. Ltd. B-47, Paramount Building, 2nd & 3rd floor, Fame Adlabs, New Link Road, Andheri (West), Mumbai-400 053

R.O. NORTH & EAST DEVINDER VERMA 011-41617646-47 K-13, I Floor, South Extn, part-II New Delhi-110 049 Mob : 09810036390


CHANNEL SITI ................. RAMESH RAHEJA (V.P.) +91-11-27101145- 54 B- 10, Lawrence Road, industrial Area, New Delhi-35 E-mail:

Real Global Broadcating P. Ltd....... Priti Jamwal/ Aditi Chada Sumer Plaza, 3rd Flr., Marol Maroshi Road, Andheri (E), Mumbai- 400 059 +91-22-6785 4800

SET DISCOVERY P. LTD. ............. ALL INDIA-SALES 2nd Floor, 9/1 B, Secular House, Qutab Institutional Area, Arun Asaf Ali Marg, New Dehli – 110067. Tel – 011-51643826/ 21 / 22 Fax: 011- 51643820 Email :

WEST, EAST, NORTH 1 AND NORTH 2 Rajib Mukherji - Vice President Interface Building No. 7, IIIrd Floor, Malad Link Road, Malad (West), Mumbai - 64 Tel +91 22 40421612 Fax +91 22 66407565 Email:

WEST 1 - GOA, MUMBAI AND REST OF MAHARASHTRA Kishore Shetty - Regional Manager Interface Building No. 7, IIIrd Floor, Malad Link Road, Malad (West), Mumbai - 64 Tel +91 22 40421643 Fax +91 22 66407565 Email:

EAST - WB, BIHAR, ORISSA AND NORTH EAST Trinanjan Maity - Sr. Regional Manager 3C, 3rd floor, Shivangan 53/1/2, Hazra Road, Kolkatta - 700 019. Tel.: 033 - 24542188 /24767055 Fax : 033 - 24767057 Email :

NORTH 1 & NORTH 2 Jagraj Singh Sanghera - Asstt. Vice President 2nd Floor, 9/1 B, Secular House, Qutab Institutional Area, Arun Asaf Ali Marg, New Dehli – 110067. Tel – 011-51643826/ 21 / 22 Fax: 011- 51643820 Email :

NORTH 2 - DELHI AND RAJASTHAN Omesh Uppal - Sr. Regional Manager 2nd Floor, 9/1 B, Secular House, Qutab Institutional Area, Arun Asaf Ali Marg, New Dehli – 110067. Tel – 011-51643826/ 21 / 22 Fax: 011- 51643820 Email :

NORTH 1 - PUNJAB, J&K, HARYANA, HP, UTTRANCHAL Nitin Mehra - Regional Manager 2nd Floor, 9/1 B, Secular House, Qutab Institutional Area, Arun Asaf Ali Marg, New Dehli – 110067. Tel – 011-51643826/ 21 / 22 Fax: 011- 51643820 Email :

SOUTH 1, SOUTH 2 AND CENTRAL Narasimhan RVL – Vice President Presige Nugget Unit : 302, 4th Floor, 126, Infantry Road, Banglore - 560001. Tel : +91 80 22869151-54/56/59 Fax : +91 80 22869157/50 Email


SAHARA TV ............................... VIVEK SHARMA (R. M. Distribution) +91-11-23704111/ 4100 Sahara India TV Network 2nd Floor, Dr. Gopaldas Bhawan, 28, Barakhamba Road, New Delhi- 110 001 E-mail :

Nageshwar Raju - Sr. Regional Manager Presige Nugget Unit : 302, 4th Floor, 126, Infantry Road, Banglore - 560001. Tel : +91 80 22869151-54/56/59 Fax : +91 80 22869157/50 Email :


+91-522-2326811 Sahara India Tower, 7, Kapoorthala Complex, Lucknow-226 024

Rajesh Chandramohan - Sr. Regional Manager 31/1, Old No. 12, Shaffee Mohammed Road Thousand Lights, Chennai - 600006 Tel : 044- 28294415 / 4421 Email :



+91-33-22827137-38 Assities lucknow add n ph no. Shahra One Media & Entertainment Ltd. Kolkatta

Prashant Kumar Jha - Sr. Regional Manager E-5/16, F (101) Bittan Market Arera Colony, Bhopal - 462016 Tel: 0755 - 5277864 Fax: 0755 - 5277864 Email:


104 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | January 2010



COLORS .................................... D K DASGUPTA

CEO STAR DEN Media Services Pvt Ltd. 7th Floor Blue Wave Building, B/H, kuber Chambers, Off Link Road, Andheri (W) Mumbai – 400053 Ph: 022-67346734

Viacom 18 media pvt ltd 3rd Floor, Simran Center, Parsi Panchayat Road, Andheri (E), Mumbai -400069 T: 022-66025300

MR. MUJEEBUDDIN MOHAMMED Head- Sales(Analog) STAR DEN Media Services Pvt Ltd. 7th Floor Blue Wave Building, B/H, Kuber Chambers, Off Link Road, Andheri (W) Mumbai – 400053 Ph: 022-67346734

ZEE TURNER ................................. DINESH JAIN +91-120-6766481 2nd Floor, Plot No. 9, Film City, Sec-16, Noida-201301 Fax : 120-6766465

HEAD OFFICE +91-22-28342505 Anjani Complex, IIIrd Floor, Off Andheri Kurla Rd, Opp.Darpan Cinema Andheri (E), Mumbai-110 021


ZOOM ........................................... TAPAS ROY

Head - Digital, Strategy & Marketing STAR DEN Media Services Pvt Ltd. 7th Floor Blue Wave Building, B/H, Kuber Chambers, Off Link Road, Andheri (W) Mumbai – 400053 Ph: 022-67346734

+91-11-56353535 Express Building, 9-Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi- 110 001

MR. RANA AMITABH SINGH Head -Region West (Maharashtra, Goa, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh) STAR DEN Media Services Pvt Ltd. 7th Floor Blue Wave Building, B/H, Kuber Chambers, Off Link Road, Andheri (W) Mumbai – 400053 Ph: 022-67346734

INX MEDIA P. LTD. ...................... AROON MOHAN Inx. media P. Ltd. 6th floor, Apsara Mall, Grant Road, Lamintan Road, Mumbai-400 007 Ph.:022-66019999

UTV BROADCASTING .............. SAMEER GANPATHY Parijaat House, 1076, Dr E Moses Road, Worli Naka, Mumbai-400018 Ph.: +91-22-24920802, 24905353 Email:

MR. SHAJI MATHEWS Head -Region South & East (Karnataka, A.P, Kerela, Tamil Nadu, North East,Orrisa, Bihar, Chattisgarh, West Bengal, Kolkata) Embassy Point, 3rd Floor, 150, Infantry Road, Bangalore, 560001 Ph: 080 - 66947827

HINDI NEWS CHANNEL NEWS-24 ........ VISHAL SANKPAL/MAHESH SHARMA Bag Films & Media Ltd. F.C.-23, Sec.-16A, Film City Noida-201301 (U.P.) 0120-23911503


DD NEWS ................................ DEEPAK SANDHU

Head - Region North STAR DEN Media Services Pvt. Ltd. (Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, U.P, H.P, J&K) 205, Okhla Industrial Estate, Phase III, New Delhi – 110020 Ph: 011 - 66567827Turner International ........ Siddharth Jain 5th Floor, Radisson Commercial Plaza, National Highway no. 8,

DE TV ............................... VIKAS ARORA (M.D) / R.C.RAINA ( C.E.O)

Mahipalpur, New Delhi-110037 Tel: 41699100

R.No. 531A, Doordarshan Bhavan, Coppernicus Marg, New Delhi-110001 011-23383396

+5th Floor,Surya complex, The Mall Ludhiana Punjab (India) 0161-3012000,0175-5050625

SAHARA SAMAY ...................... PARBHAT DABRAL Sahara India Complex, C-2/3/4, Sec. 11, Noida-201301 (U.P.) 0120-25073737-47

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 107


ZEE NEWS ................................. ROHIT KUMAR,

INDIA TV ........................................... SOURAV

F.C.-19, Sec.-16A, Film City Noida. 201301 (U.P.) T: 0120-33139000

9811675580 17-B & 17-C, Film City, Sector-16, Noida-201301 (U.P)

MH-1 NEWS ......................................... ASHOK +91-11-2769 3923/ 1923 M.H.One Tv Network Ltd. 2, SSI Ind. Area, G T Karnal Road, Delhi-110 033

STAR NEWS ............................ RAHUL MAHAJAN Star Media Ltd. D.L.F. Centre, 7th floor, 4 Sansad Marg, New Delhi-110001 011-51002103

AAJ TAK ............................... RAJMOHAN NAIR (G. M. Distribution) +91-11-2368 4878/4888 Videocon Tower, E-1 Jhandewalan Extn., New Delhi-110 055

IBN 7 ........................................ PIYUSH GOEL

KIDS CHANNEL ANIMAX .................... JAGRAJ SINGH SANGHERA (Sr R.M.) Interface Building no.- 7, 3rd Flr., Malad Link Road, Malad (W), Mumbai- 400 064

CARTOON NETWORK ....................................... +91-120-6766481 2nd Floor, Plot No. 9, Film City, Sec-16, Noida-201301 Fax : 120-6766465

HEAD OFFICE +91-22-28342505 Anjani Complex, IIIrd Floor, Off Andheri Kurla Rd, Opp.Darpan Cinema Andheri (E), Mumbai-110 021

R. M. North & east +91-120-434 1818

ASIM MUKADAM ................... (R. M. WEST) P. R. VASU ....................... (R. M. GUJRAT) PRIYA MUKHERJEE ............... (R.M. SOUTH) Express Trade Tower, Plot no. 15- 16, Film City, Sec.- 16A, Noida

P7 NEWS ............................... JYOTI NARAYAN PEARLS BROADCASTING CORPORATION P. LTD. C-55, SECTOR-57, NOIDA (U.P.) Phone : 0120-4777999/3352650 Fax No : 0120-47777944/3352644

JAIN TV ...................................... ANKUR JAIN +91-11-6506 0622 Jain Studio Campus, Scindia Villa, Ring Road, Sarojini Nagar, New Delhi- 110 023

LIVE INDIA .................................. MANISH RAJ +91-2240230602 Adhikari Chambers, Oberoi Complex, New Link Road, Andheri(W), Mumbai-400053

NDTV INDIA ............................... ROHIT LAMBA +91-11-2644 6666 New Delhi Television Ltd. 207, Okhla Industrial Estate, Ph: III, New Delhi- 110 020

SUDARSHAN TV ............... SURESH K CHAVHANKE +91-120-2521166 SMS 676731 A-88, Sector-4, Noida, UP-201301 Email:

TOTAL TV ..................................... ROHIL PURI +91-11-43219999 1206-07, 12th Floor, New Delhi House, Barahkhambha Road, New Delhi- 110001 E-mail:

AZAD................................ SANJAY KANTOOR B- 30 Sec. -5, Noida (UP) Ph: 0120 4000 000, 99996 44138

108 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | January 2010

DISNEY CHANNEL ......................... KAPIL SAHNI +91-11 4164 1610-13 C-301, III Floor, Ansal Plaza, Khel Gaon Marg, Andrews Ganj New Delhi-110049

MUMBAI +91-22-56516657 4th Floor, Peninsula Tower-I, Ganpatrao Kadam Marg, Mumbai-400 013 Fax : 56516667 e-mail :

POGO .......................................................... +91-120-6766481 2nd Floor, Plot No. 9, Film City, Sec-16, Noida-201301 Fax : 120-6766465

HEAD OFFICE +91-22-28342505 Anjani Complex, IIIrd Floor, Off Andheri Kurla Rd, Opp.Darpan Cinema Andheri (E), Mumbai-110 021

SPACETOON ............. MR. YEZDI SODAWATERWALA Kids Media India Pvt Ltd (A Subsidiary of Spacetoon) Trans Avenue, 1st Floor, Below VLCC, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Nagar, Next to Versova Tel Excng, Mahda, Andheri 9W) Mumbai

HEALTH/LIFESTYLE CHANNEL CARE WORLD ............................ ATUL B. SARAF +91-22-26733190/91 Take Care TV Pvt. Ltd. B-16, Hari Om Chambers, 7th Floor, Veera Industrial Estate, Andheri(W), Mumbai-400 053 Fax : 022-26733189

SHAKTI TV ................................................... Corp. off.: C-3/16, Rajouri Garden New Delhi-110 027




BTV ............................................................


+91-0731-404 3333 Bhaskar Multinet ltd. 4/54, IInd floor, Dainik Bhaskar Bldg. A. B. road, Press Complex,Indore.

DIGICABLE NETWORK P. LTD. .......... SISSIR PILLAI Digi House, B- 8, Marol Industrial Area, Next to MIDC Police Station, Andheri (E), Mumbai- 400093 Ph: 022 4288 8888

HATHWAY CABLE & DATA COM/WIN CABLE ........... +91-22-2600 1306 Rahejas, 4th floor, Main Avenue, Santacruz (w), Mumbai-400 054

ALOK GOWIL +91-11-26188548 AB/6, Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi-110029

IMC LIMITED .......................


+91-22-28390005, 49- 50, MIDC, Andheri (E) Mumbai Fax: 28324110

ANIL MALHOTRA +91-11-2272 6247 Plot No. 10, Sawitri Plaza Local Shopping Complex, IInd Mandavali, Fazal Pur, Patparganj, IP Extn.New Delhi-110092 e-mail

WWIL ................................. SUDHIR AGGARWAL +91-11-27101145 B-10, Lawrence Road Ind. Area, Delhi-110 035

DEN P. LTD. ............................... S. N. SHARMA +91-11-40501719 B-65, Okhla Indl. Area, Ph-1 New Delhi-20

PUBLIC BROADCASTER DOORDARSHAN .......................... MANISH DASAI +91-11-23387786 Doordarshan Bhawan Mandi House, Copernicus Marg New Delhi-110 001 G.V. Rao +91-22-2493 4672Doordarshan Building, Worli, Mumbai-400 018

GYAN DARSHAN................ ....... K RAVI KANTH,

+91-022-40902400 B4U Television Network Pvt. Ltd. B-47, Paramount Building, 2nd & 3rd floor, Fame Adlabs, New Link Road, Andheri (West) Mumbai-400 053

R.O. NORTH & EAST DEVINDER VERMA +91-09810036390 K-13, Ist Floor, South Extn, Part-II, New Delhi-110 049 +91-11-4161 7646/47

R. O. SOUTH (BANGALORE) VIJAY SIMHA Mob. 09886299399, +91-080-2075160 208 A, Cears Plaza, 136, Residency Road, Bangalore-560025

BALLE-BALLE .................................... J.K. JAIN +91-11-51643171-33

DELHI OFFICE 268, Masjid Moth, Near Uday Park, New Delhi-110 049 Direct : 51643170

DIVYA ........................... BALJINDER S. MAHANT Vice President SCO 306, Sector-38D, Chandigarh (M)09814022773 (LL) +91-172-5051031

ETC MUSIC CHANNEL ....................... ASHUTOSH +91-22-2673 2033 7-B, Saha Ind. Estate Off. Veera Desai Road Andheri (W), Mumbai-400 053

RAJEEV SHARMA +91-11-26190901 L-9, Green Park Extn. New Delhi-110 016

MH 1 ........................................................... +91-11-2769 3923/ 1923 M.H.One Tv Network Ltd. 2, SSI Ind. Area, G T Karnal Road, Delhi-110 033

DIRECTOR (EMPC) +91-11-2953 3079,29534299 IGNOU, Maidan Garhi, New Delhi-110 068 email.

LOK SABHA .................................................. +91-11-23737141, 23739642 23, Mahadev Road, Behind Akashvani Bhawan, New Delhi - 110 001

MTV ................................. SANJEEV HIRAMATH +91-22-56622424 MTV Networks India Private Limited 36B, Dr. R. K. Shirodkar Marg, Parel(East), Mumbai-400012 DID : 022-56547720

January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 111

INFO BANK FAHEEM/ ROHIT +91-124-5060461-64 308, Tower B, Global Business Park, Mehrauli-Gurgaon Road, Gurgaon-122002 Fax : 0124-5060470

SANGEET BANGLA ............... PRASHANT CHOTANI +91-33-22273770-72 Sangeet Bangla Network P. Ltd. 54/1, Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Road, 6th Floor, IT Building, Kolkata-16 E-mail :

9X MUSIC ............................... RAJESH MATHUR Inx. media P. Ltd. 6th floor, Apsara Mall, Grant Road, Lamintan Road, Mumbai-400 007

REGIONAL CHANNEL AAKASH BANGLA ................... SOMNATH GANGULI 9830320085 225 E, A.J.C. Bose Road, 5th FloorKolkata-700020

AMRITA ................................... A. AYYAPPADAS +91-11-2338 6839 Flat No.- 9, 2nd Flr., Sagar Appartments, 6 Tilak Marg, New Delhi- 110 001

GEMINI TELEVISION ........................... GIRIDHAR +91-44- 24323505 367/369, IInd Floor, Anna Salai, Teynampet, Chennai. 600 018

JAK COMUNICATIONS ..................... B. HARI RAJ +91-44-6377060 # 402, J K Complex, C.T.H. Road,Avadi, Chennai-600 054 E-mail :

JAYA TV ................................ T.R. MANJUNATH +91-44-2321073 48, N P Jawaharlal Nehur Road, Ekkaduthangal, Chennai-600 097 E-mail :

MAA TV ........................... V. JANAKI RAMA RAJU +91-40-55781678 6-1-85/9, “Sarala Sadan”, Opp. Telephone Bhavan Lakdi-Ka-Pool, Hyderabad-500 004

MIRACLE NETWORK-TBN ................. SALVARAJ A Ph : +91-44-24988006 32, D’ Monte Colony, T.T.K. Road Alwarpet, Chennai-600 018

MIRACLENET ............................... P E ANTONEY +91-44-24988004/6 P O Box 8611, Teynampet, Chennai-600 018 1600-334477(Toll Free)

NEPAL1 ...................................... (DIST. HEAD)

+91-471-268503 IIIrd Floor, Centre Plaza, Vazhutacuad, Trivandrum-695 014 Kerala

+91-11-41512434 Tv Live IDIA Pvt. Ltd. 601, 6th flr. Kanchenjunga Bldg. Barkhamba Road, Con-place, New Delhi-110001 Ph. : 91-11-41512323 , Fax : 91-11-23317800

ASIANET KAVERI ...................... SHABEER BAKER

PUNJAB TODAY ................................ J.K. JAIN

+91-11-25588023 N-402, Manipal Centre Kikenson Road, Bangalore-560 042


ASIA NET ........................... V. KRISHAN KUMAR

ETV ......................................... I. A. UTHAIYA +91-8415-246555 Extn. 6704 3rd Floor, UKTV Bldg, Ramoji Filmcity, Rangareddy Dist. Hyderabad-501 512

RANTU DEB +91-120-2515902/03 FC- 11, Sec.- 16 A, Film City Noida : 201 301

SUBHASH KULKARNI +91-22- 6345721 Kolsit House, 31, Shah Industrial Estate, Off Veera Desai Road, Andheri (W),Mumbai-400 053 E-mail :

ETV BANGLA ..................... BISWAJIT GUHA ROY Senior Manager, +91-933-1082200, 033-22277294 Etv Bangla, 55 B, Mirza Ghalib street Kolkata-700 016 email:,

112 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | January 2010

268, Masjid Moth, Near Uday Park, New Delhi-110 049 Direct : 51643170

RAJ TELEVISION NET. LTD. ....... R. RAGUNATHAN +91-44-24334149,24351898 12-B, Poes Road, IIIrd Street, Teynampet, Chennai-600 018

RAKESH PATHAK +91-11-5160 6865(Manager Sales) 1416, Ansal Tower, 14th Flr., 38, Nehru Place, New Delhi- 110 019

STAR ANANDA ..................... PROSUN BANERJEE +91-33-22600726 ABP TV, ABP TV PVT.LTD. 4, C R Avenue, Kolkata-72

SUN TV ...................................... P. SARVANAN +91-44-2457424 268/269, IIIrd Floor, Annasalai Teynampet, Chennai-600 018


TEJA TELEVISION ................... A. BALAKRISHNAN +91-40-23358767 Uma Aishwarya House, 8-2-502/1/AG Road No-7, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad-34

UDAY TV ............................. T.R. SUDARSANAM +91-44-24323505 268/269, Anna Salai, Teynam Pet, Chennai-600 018

VIJAYA TELEVISION ........................................ K. SRIDHAR/ MR. ROHIT ADYA +91-44-28224722 “Vijay TV House No. 15”, 15th, Jagnathan Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai-1

SPIRITUAL CHANNEL AASTHA .................................... ARVIND JOSHI +91-22-5694 1471-4 Vaman Centre, Ist-Floor, Makwana Road, Off Andheri-Kurla Road, Marol, Andheri, Mumbai-400 013 Fax : 022-5694 1475

DAY STAR ....................... JASPER NEW PRABHU +91-44-26533191 Day Star Television Network 995, H.I.G. 12th Cross Street Mugappair, ERI Scheme, Chennai (TN)-37

SPORTS CHANNEL DD SPORTS ................................ MANISH DASAI +91-11-23387786 Doordarshan Bhawan Mandi House, Copernicus Marg New Delhi-110 001

ESPN STAR SPORTS ...................... ROHIT ARORA +91-124-4147777-87 ESPN Software India P. Ltd. 7th Flr., Tower (C), Infinity Towers DLF Ph-IInd Gurgaon 122002 (HR)

NEO SPORTS .............................. ARUN PODDAR +91-22-2635 2000 Nimbus communication Ltd. Nimbus Centre, Oberoi Complex, Andheri West, Mumbai – 400 053. India Fax No. : + 91 22 26352123

TEN SPORTS ................ MURTUZA MADRAS WALA +91-22-66623101 Taj Television 403, Manish Commercial Center, Dr. A. V. Road, Worli, Mumbai 25

ZEE SPORTS .................................................. +91-120-2488109 FC-18, Sec-16 A, film city, Noida (U.P.) – 201301 India Fax : 2488110

GOD TV ...................................... A. SALVAREJ New No. 36, Old No. 1440, H Block 13th Main Road, Ananagar, Chennai-600040 Ph.: 044-26762727

SADHANA TV ...................................... DEEPAK +91-11-9999004877 Sandesh Telefilms P. Ltd. C-457, Sec.-10, Noida 201301 (U.P.)

SANSKAR TV ................................................. Sanskar Info TV PVt Ltd. B-10, MIDC, Andheri(E), Mumbai

SATSANG ..................................................... Sanskar Info TV PVt Ltd. B-10, MIDC, Andheri(E), Mumbai

ZEE JAGRAN ................................. ANIL ANAND +91-120-2511064 FC-19, IInd Flr., Sec-16A, Noida- 201 301


-------------FOR :------------ADVERTISEMENT BOOKING CALL : +91-9811120650, +91-9811913101 E-MAIL January 2010 | Aavishkar Dish Antenna Programme Guide | 113


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