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The News Magazine of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy

Academic Pharmacy NOW Learning

Apr | May | Jun 2010

Volume 3 Issue 2

Enhanced by Simulation

University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy Associate Professor Amy L. Seybert debriefs students during a patient simulation with high-fidelity human patient simulators at the Peter M. Winter Institute for Simulation, Education and Research (WISER) at the University of Pittsburgh. Student Pharmacists participate in clinical pharmacotherapy patient-case scenarios throughout the curriculum.

American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Discover 路 Learn 路 Care : Improve Health

table of contents

News in Brief 5

News Briefs

8

In Memoriam

11 12

Features 2010 AACP Annual Meeting

Capitol Hill News

Will

on the

2010 AACP Walmart Scholars

20

Helping in Haiti

Faculty News 45 47 55

26

All Over the Map: Update

Promoting Pharmacy to the Next Generation

36

30

Simulation in Pharmacy Education

Faculty News Photo Credits

Members Working for You

Cau Mem tion: ber Wor s at k

The Last Word

Cover: University of Pittsburgh Page 8: Araujo: University of Florida; DiGangi: University of Minnesota Page 9: Leader: The University of Louisiana at Monroe; Lemberger: University of Wisconsin-Madison Page 10: Morrissey: Nova Southeastern University; Shukla: The University of Tennessee; Trager: University of Washington Page 12: Sarah Kiewel/University of Florida Page 20: top: Campbell University; bottom: The University of Oklahoma Page 21: The University of Oklahoma

2

22

Hill

Blood Pressure: Less is Not Always More

16

Expanding Our Horizons

academic Pharmacy now  Apr/May/Jun 2010

Page 24: Koda-Kimble: (c) majedphoto.com; Kohn: David Etchison, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Page 25: Derendorf: University of Florida Page 27: Dr. LaDonna M. Oelschlaeger, Loma Linda University Pages 28–29: University of Washington Pages 30, 33: University of Washington Page 32: University of Maryland Page 34: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Page 35: Virginia Commonwealth University

Pages 36–38: University of Connecticut Page 39: Purdue: Photos by John Underwood of Purdue University and are courtesy of Information Technology at Purdue (ITaP) Page 40: top: University of Minnesota; bottom: University of Maryland Page 41: top: The Ohio State University; bottom: Ohio Northern University Page 42: University of Pittsburgh Page 43: Courtesy of the UW School of Nursing Page 47: Maureen O. Thielemans, AACP

letter from the editor

Dear Colleagues: This issue of Academic Pharmacy Now comes just as the Class of 2010 walks across the stage and embarks on the earliest days of their careers as pharmacists. I had the opportunity to address several classes as part of their commencement activities in May and found it very interesting to contrast the circumstances around my own graduation era 30 years ago with the realities and opportunities confronting the talented Class of 2010. The greatest similarity between then and now is the job market for pharmacists and other health professionals. Capitation-era professionals flooded a health system that was suffering from a recessionary period in 1980. Today, like then, our major metropolitan areas had virtually no openings for pharmacists, nurses and other health professionals, especially those where multiple schools were producing graduates. I told the Class of 2010 that the job market is the only commonality between the reality of 1980 and 2010. As I prepared my remarks for graduation, I was bombarded by publications, presentations and conversations that offered brilliant vistas of the profession’s future. The inclusion of Dr. Marie A. Smith’s article, “Why Pharmacists Belong in the Medical Home” in the May issue of Health Affairs, and her presentation at a National Health Club briefing, caused great excitement in national pharmacy association circles. Her article includes five concrete examples of evidence-based practice models where pharmacists’ contributions to medication management have made a marked difference on patient outcomes. Such a paper could hardly have been envisioned in 1980, let alone be published in a prestigious health policy journal. Other examples of pharmacists in the patient-centered medical, or health, home will be featured in an upcoming issue of APN. Learning that is enriched by simulation is another striking difference between then and now. Not that I am complaining, but my curriculum found me in lab at least three afternoons a week! Pharmaceutics, A&P, pharmacology, analytical and medicinal chemistry courses all solidified my learning in the time-tested environment of the lab with a wide range of “experiments,” including live rat care for many weeks! Today, an equally wide range of simulated experiences supplant the time- and resource-intensive lab component of pharmacists’ education and a review of the evidence on simulation supports this transition. Your colleagues share in this issue how simulation is being used in didactic, laboratory and experiential learning across the country. This is a timely contribution as the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education board, with contributions from appointees by AACP, the American Pharmacists Association and the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy, has empanelled a working group studying simulation in pharmacy curricula. Their deliberations will guide the accrediting body on evaluating the appropriate places where simulation can enhance student pharmacist learning, including in the interprofessional education context. Despite the understandable tight labor market of the moment, I had no problem telling the Class of 2010 that I envied the opportunities before them in the first 30 years of their careers. Sort of makes you want to start again, doesn’t it? Sincerely,

Lucinda L. Maine, Ph.D., R.Ph. Executive Vice President and CEO

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about us

Academic Pharmacy NOW

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Established in 1972 as AACP News, Academic Pharmacy Now features comprehensive news stories that reflect the discovery, learning and caring of more than 100 U.S. colleges and schools of pharmacy. It is the only magazine focused strictly on the advancements of pharmacy faculty and their students. The magazine is distributed to all U.S. pharmacy institutions as well as more than 3,200 individual AACP members across the country. Published quarterly as a membership service by the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Inc. For address change, please return mailing label with current school affiliation.

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©2010 by the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy. All rights reserved. Content may not be reprinted without prior written permission. We welcome your comments.

Executive Vice President/Executive Editor

Digital Requirements

Lucinda L. Maine

Academic Pharmacy Now supports a digital workflow and requires digital ad submission. Ads must be submitted as press-ready pdf files or tiff files. Fonts and images must be embedded. All images must be saved as at least 300 DPI @ 100% of finished size. Ads may be submitted as grayscale or 4-color CMYK. Full-page ads run 8.5� by 11� with a full bleed; half-page ads run 5.5� by 8.5� with a two-sided bleed. For any questions on ad requirements, e-mail Tricia Ekenstam, art director, at tekenstam@ aacp.org. To submit advertisements, simply e-mail ads directly to Rebecca Morgan, senior editor, at rmorgan@aacp.org or Maureen O. Thielemans, managing editor at mthielemans@aacp.org.

Senior Editor

Rebecca M. Morgan rmorgan@aacp.org Managing Editor

Maureen O. Thielemans mthielemans@aacp.org Art Director

Tricia Ekenstam

Issuance & Closing Dates Frequency: 4 issues a year

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American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Discover · Learn · Care : Improve Health

Issue Closing Date

Jan/Feb/Mar

December 15, 2009

Apr/May/Jun

March 15, 2010

Jul/Aug/Sep

Oct/Nov/Dec

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academic Pharmacy now  Apr/May/Jun 2010

June 15, 2010 September 15, 2010

news in brief

News Briefs Acupuncture May Help Pregnant Women with Depression, Says UT at Austin Pharmacy Researcher Acupuncture may hold promise for depression in pregnant women, says a new study co-authored by a University of Texas at Austin College of Pharmacy researcher. The findings, published in the medical journal Obstetrics & Gynecology, show that 12 acupuncture treatments over eight weeks might help reduce the severity of depression symptoms. “The protocol we have tested was effective, indicating that acupuncture may be a viable alternative to treat depression during pregnancy,” said Dr. Rosa N. Schnyer, clinical assistant professor in the College of Pharmacy, whose research has focused on the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment for major depression in women, and who was one of the leading investigators in the study. The study on depression and pregnant women, led by researchers at Stanford University, followed 150 pregnant women with major depression. Researchers found women who received depression-specific acupuncture were more likely to have a treatment response—meaning the severity of their symptoms fell by at least half and they no longer met all of the criteria for diagnosing major depression. It is estimated that 3 to 5 percent of pregnant women are diagnosed with depression. Although antidepressant medications are one treatment option, there are safety concerns. Because of the potential for harm from medications, many pregnant women with depression may prefer psychotherapy or other non-drug options.

Outreach Effort at The University of Georgia Provides Healthcare for Migrant Farm Workers “Poverty has a tremendous impact on healthcare,” said Dr. Trina J. von Waldner, director of The University of Georgia College of Pharmacy’s Office of Postgraduate Continuing Education and a strong advocate for public health programs. Von Waldner developed a two-week summer program for student pharmacists to experience working in healthcare clinics set up for migrant farm workers in south Georgia. Last summer’s initial group of six second-year student pharmacists, all with a working knowledge of Spanish, had such a rewarding learning opportunity that von Waldner plans to make the outreach program an annual event.

For more than 15 years, the Farm Worker Family Health Program (FWFHP) has been a community partnership designed to increase the delivery of healthcare services for migrant farm worker families. The two-week summer experience brings together more than 100 students and faculty members from five different colleges and schools. Together, they provide physical examinations, health screenings, physical therapy, health education, pharmacy services and dental care to approximately 1,000 migrant farm workers and their children at eight farm camps in the Colquitt County area. The student pharmacists, she said, developed a two-pronged approach for providing pharmacy services to this underserved population: health education for the summer school children and patient care at the field clinics. Typically each morning the student pharmacists worked at the school reviewing charts and providing health education. They also provided many basic pharmacy services such as inventorying medications and supplies, entering data into the computer and filling prescriptions at the base pharmacy.

West Virginia University Grant Puts Focus on Health Disparities The West Virginia University (WVU) School of Pharmacy is one of only two schools nationwide to receive $1.5 million over the next three years to continue studies of the state’s health disparities. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality grant involves faculty collaboration from all four health professions schools at WVU: pharmacy, dentistry, nursing and medicine. Health disparities are inequalities in the prevalence of disease, health outcomes or access to care when comparing one population to another. “West Virginians are afflicted with many chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer and diabetes,” said Dr. S. Suresh Madhavan, chair of the WVU School of Pharmacy Department of Pharmaceutical Systems and Policy. “High smoking, obesity and low physical activity rates add to the problem.” Because the state has such high mortality rates and disease prevalence, the West Virginia Collaborative Health Outcomes Research of Therapies and Services (WV CoHORTS) Center was established in 2006, Dr. Madhavan said. Under his direction, the team of scientists at the WV CoHORTS Center will house state and federal healthcare data to help document disparities; foster partnerships and projects that bring researchers together; include a mentoring program for junior faculty members; and aim to achieve more federal grant funding.

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news in brief

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Organizes Medication Cleanout The Texas Panhandle Poison Center (TPPC), which is managed by the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC) School of Pharmacy, joined forces with the Amarillo Independent School District’s Safe Schools/Healthy Students initiative to conduct a medication cleanout program last fall.

Whelpley, long-time dean of the college and prominent national figure in pharmacy. The unrestricted gift will be used to support future growth opportunities, strategic plan implementation efforts and major academic initiatives, said President Thomas F. Patton. Over a 56-year period, the trust grew from $200,000 to nearly $12 million—more than 50 times its original value. The $5.9 million gift to the college amounts to half the value of the trust.

The program was designed to encourage residents to clean out their medicine cabinets and bring in any unused, expired or no-longer needed medications for proper disposal. TTUHSC School of Pharmacy assistant professor and TPPC director Dr. Jeannie Jaramillo said these drugs are often the cause of accidental poisonings, abuse and misuse, and that simply tossing them into the trash or flushing them down the toilet can harm the environment.

Samford University’s McWhorter School of Pharmacy is partnering with the American Diabetes Association for the second consecutive year for the annual Step Out Walk to Fight Diabetes.

Collection took place at the TTUHSC campus in Amarillo and at one of the city’s high school campuses. Forty-five staff, students and volunteers were on hand to make sure the drivethrough and drop-off format ran smoothly at each site. Dr. Jaramillo said 870 pounds of drugs were removed from medicine cabinets and taken out of circulation, including 70 pounds of controlled substances.

Last fall, Samford held a health fair in conjunction with Step Out, sponsored by the Academy of Student Pharmacists and the American Pharmacists Association. The 7-team health fair featured booths where more than 100 attendees were screened for diabetes, hypertension, cholesterol or bone density for osteoporosis. They could also find out more information about asthma and smoking cessation, heartburn or immunizations.

VCU Dean Appointed New Dean’s Chair

Last year, the school as a whole was the top fundraising team for Step Out with $4,558.60, which was raised by four teams. Team Jacob, the second-year student pharmacists’ team, was the top fundraising team within the school and had the largest team represented on Oct. 3 at the 5K walk/run. They named their team and raised funds in honor of second-year student pharmacist and class president Scott Keith’s son, Jacob Keith, who is affected by Type 1 diabetes.

Dr. Victor A. Yanchick, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Pharmacy dean and immediate past president of AACP, has been appointed to the Archie O. McCalley Dean’s Chair, effective Jan. 1. The endowed chair is named for Archie Owens McCalley of Richmond, Va., who earned his B.S. degree from the school in 1927. A member of the professional pharmacy fraternity Phi Delta Chi and former owner of a People’s Drug Store in Richmond, McCalley died in 1999 at age 93. The endowed chair is the result of an unrestricted gift of $1.2 million from the McCalley estate. “We are confident of your ability to remain highly productive throughout your academic career and of your continued commitment to excellence and ensuring student success. …It is truly an honor to serve VCU with a colleague of your accomplishment and stature,” said VCU President Michael Rao in a letter to Yanchick.

St. Louis College of Pharmacy Receives $5.9 million from the Laura Whelpley Trust

Samford University Fights Diabetes on Foot

This year the school hopes to not only be the top fundraising team again, but also to raise more money for diabetes research. Associate Professor of Pharmaceutical Science Dr. David R. Luthin, the Step Out chair this year, hopes to raise more than $150,000 for ADA with approximately 40 corporate teams, 30 organizational teams, and 30 friend and family teams.

U.S. Surgeon General Delivers Commencement Address at ACPHS U.S. Surgeon General Dr. Regina M. Benjamin served as Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Science’s (ACPHS) 2010 commencement speaker on May 8 at its 130th commencement ceremony.

“It is especially opportune to have the Surgeon General speak to our graduates and our community at a time when the issue of quality and affordable healthcare continues to be a concern The St. Louis College of Pharmacy has received the largest for many Americans,” said Dr. James J. Gozzo, president of gift in the school’s 146-year history—$5.9 million from a trust ACPHS. established by the late Laura Whelpley, wife of Henry Milton

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news in brief

Dr. Benjamin is the 18th Surgeon General of the United States “As Surgeon General, I want to provide the nation with the best Public Health Service. As “America’s Doctor,” she helps pro- scientific information available on how to live healthier lives,” tect and advance the health of the nation through educating said Dr. Benjamin. “I will also try to bring clarity and underthe public and advocating for effective disease prevention and standing to the overwhelmingly confusing conversations about health promotion programs. The Office of the Surgeon Gen- health and healthcare. eral is also responsible for elevating the quality of public health practice in the professional disciplines through the advance- “Institutions such as Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences play an important role in this process, by educating tomorment of appropriate standards and research priorities. row’s pharmacists and other healthcare professionals,” she said.

NACDS Foundation Recognizes Future Leaders of Pharmacy The National Association of Chain Drug Stores (NACDS) Foundation announced that it has awarded $196,000 in scholarships to 93 student pharmacists, a 14 percent increase in scholarship dollars from 2008 when the Foundation awarded 85 student scholarships totaling $172,000. The NACDS Foundation Pharmacy Student Scholarship supports the academic development of student pharmacists who are dedicated to improving the general public health and have expressed an interest in community pharmacy practice. Students representing 59 colleges and schools of pharmacy in 29 states and the District of Columbia received scholarships. “These scholarships are a fitting tribute to the industry’s past and its firm commitment to its future,” said NACDS Foundation President Edith A. Rosato, R.Ph.. “It is with sincere gratitude that—on behalf of these 93 students—I thank the generous benefactors of the NACDS Foundation for their support of pharmacy education and patient health.” In 2009, the NACDS Foundation awarded four named scholarships honoring distinguished individuals and organizations

who share the commitment to pharmacy’s role in public health. This year’s Robert J. Bolger Scholarship recipients are Munashe Kaseke from Drake University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences and Christine Yocum from Palm Beach Atlantic University Lloyd L. Gregory School of Pharmacy. Recipients of the Taro Research Foundation Scholarship are Maurice Alexander from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Eshelman School of Pharmacy and Steven Zona from the University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy. Two new scholarships were awarded this year, the Edmond Fougera Scholarship and the Leonard J. DeMino Scholarship. Crosby Amoah from the University of Charleston School of Pharmacy and Melissa Palchak from the University of Michigan College of Pharmacy received the Fougera Scholarship, and Megan Elias from the University of Rhode Island College of Pharmacy and Evan Schnur from the St. Louis College of Pharmacy were awarded the DeMino Scholarship. To view the full list of student pharmacist scholarship recipients, visit the NACDS Foundation Web site.

AJPE Features Article on Use of Pediatric Human Patient Simulation The use of simulation in training student pharmacists is being implemented at colleges and schools of pharmacy throughout the country. Academic Pharmacy Now takes a look at what some institutions are doing to utilize simulation in their curriculum in the article featured on page 36. In a recent issue of the American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education (volume 72, issue two), a team of pharmacy educators and practitioners from Samford University, the University of Alabama at Birmingham and the Children’s Hospital of Alabama, sought to assess the impact on learning of adding a pediatric human patient simulation to a pharmacy course. Authors Dr. Kim W. Benner, Dr. Nancy M. Tofil, Dr. Marjorie Lee White, Dr. Mary A. Worthington and Lynn Zinkan led the simulation activities in which student pharmacists, who

were enrolled in a pediatric elective course at Samford University McWhorter School of Pharmacy, participated in one inpatient and one outpatient scenario using a pediatric patient simulator. Immediately following each case, reflective debriefing occurred. Forty-two students participated in the simulation activity over two academic years. When given a pre-test and post-test, 95 percent of students’ scores improved. The student pharmacists felt the learning experiences were positive and realistic. Study conclusions indicated that students’ knowledge and application of skills improved through the use of pediatric simulation exercises. To read this article in its entirety, as well as other original peer-reviewed articles that advance pharmacy education, visit the AJPE Web site at www.ajpe.org.

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In Memoriam Dr. Oscar E. Araujo, beloved professor emeritus and friend of the University of Florida (UF) College of Pharmacy, passed away Feb. 20, 2010. He came to the United States in 1946 from Brazil to attend Purdue University, where he obtained a Ph.D. in 1957. He taught for five years at Ohio Northern University before accepting a position at the UF College of Pharmacy in 1962.

Oscar E. Araujo

Frank E. DiGangi

Araujo loved teaching and had a special relationship with his students, learning all of their names and keeping in touch with many of them long after their graduation. His distinguished career with UF spanned from 1962 to his retirement in 1995 as professor emeritus of pharmacy practice and dermatology. Beginning in 1968, he served as advisor to Kappa Epsilon Fraternity and the national chapter of the fraternity named him outstanding advisor in 1992. Araujo received numerous awards from the college during his career at UF, including

He is survived by his wife of 60 years, Betty Araujo, a daughter, Linda (Thomas) Eady of St. Augustine; a son, Steve Araujo of Bonne Terre, Mo.; two grandsons, Michael (Karla) and Brian (Katie) MacWilliams, both in the U.S. Air Force; and four step-grandchildren, Kristina, Courtney, Kimi and TJ. Memorial gifts may be made to the Oscar Araujo Scholarship Fund, Development and Alumni Affairs, College of Pharmacy, P.O. Box 103570, Gainesville, FL 326103570 or to E.T. York Hospice Care Center, 4200 NW 90th Blvd, Gainesville, FL 32606.

Dr. Frank E. DiGangi, former associate dean of the University of Minnesota (U of M) College of Pharmacy, passed away on March 2, 2010 at the age of 92 in Darien, Conn.

70 years,” said Associate Professor Bruce Benson, who was hired by DiGangi in 1975. “While he will be greatly missed, his positive impact will endure through pharmacists for many years.”

Professor Emeritus DiGangi, Ph.D., had a long history at the university. He came to U of M in 1942 as a doctoral student in pharmaceutical chemistry. In 1948 he joined the College of Pharmacy faculty as an assistant professor in pharmaceutical chemistry. From 1969 to 1976, he served as assistant dean of students and in 1978 became the college’s associate dean for administration until his retirement in 1985.

DiGangi was born Sept. 29, 1917, to Maria Gracia (Zafonte) and Leonardo DiGangi in West Rutland, Vt. He served as an officer in the U.S. Navy in the Pacific from 1943-1946. His wife, Genevieve (Colignon) DiGangi, predeceased him in 2009 after a marriage of 63 years. They resided in Minneapolis and St. Paul for 61 years.

DiGangi received numerous awards and distinctions during his career, including the Lawrence C. and Delores M. Weaver Medal and the Harold R. Popp Award, which is sponsored by the Minnesota Pharmacists Association and recognizes one pharmacist annually for their outstanding service to the profession of pharmacy. In addition to his family, one of his greatest pleasures was the more than 2,000 student pharmacists he taught, counseled and advised. “Dr. DiGangi was an extraordinary friend of the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy, student pharmacists and all of Minnesota pharmacy for close to

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Teacher of the Year, which he was named three times, the Lederle Pharmacy Faculty Award and the Distinguished Pharmacy Service Award. He was a member of the Florida Pharmacy Association and the Alachua County Association of Pharmacists.

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DiGangi is survived by his sister Elsie Dykes of Fair Lawn, N.J.; daughters Ellen (Philo) Hall of Northfield, Vt. and Janet (Dale) Greenwood of Stamford, Conn.; grandchildren Philo (Elizabeth) Hall of Washington, D.C., Nathan (Monena) Hall of Denton, Texas, Kirsten Hall of Washington, D.C., Erin and Kira Greenwood of Stamford, Conn.; one great-grandchild, Phoebe Hall; and many nieces and nephews. Memorial donations can be made to the Frank E. DiGangi Scholarship Fund, University of Minnesota Foundation, 200 Oak St. S.E., Suite 500, Minneapolis, MN 55455 or you can donate online at www.giving. umn.edu/digangi.

W. Greg Leader, dean at The University of Louisiana at Monroe (ULM) College of Pharmacy and friend, colleague and mentor to pharmacy faculty and students alike, passed away on April 17, 2010. He was 45 years old.

and appreciation of his family, colleagues, students and his profession will never be forgotten...because his legacy will live forever in our hearts and within our University of Louisiana College of Pharmacy.”

Leader received his Bachelor of Science degree as a magna cum laude graduate of ULM (then Northeast Louisiana University) in 1986, his Doctor of Pharmacy degree in 1991 from the University of Kentucky (UK) College of Pharmacy, and completed a fellowship in the area of clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacology at UK in 1993.

During his time at ULM, Leader assisted in the development of the Louisiana Medicaid Prior Authorization Program, now housed in ULM’s Office of Outcomes Research and Evaluation. His professional interests included the clinical application of pharmacokinetic principles, disease state management in the areas of asthma and allergic rhinitis, instructional development in the area of distance education and student pharmacist leadership.

Prior to joining the faculty at ULM, Leader was an assistant professor of clinical pharmacy at the West Virginia University School of Pharmacy. In March 1999, he was appointed as an associate professor in the Department of Clinical and Administrative Sciences at ULM and clinical coordinator of the northern region of the state. In January 2000, Leader was named the interim director of the Department of Clinical and Administrative Sciences and subsequently became the head of the department in March 2001. Leader was appointed assistant dean of student and professional affairs in July 2003 and on March 23, 2010, he was named the College of Pharmacy’s permanent dean after serving as interim dean since January 2009. Former ULM colleague Dr. Lamar F. Pritchard, currently dean at the University of Houston College of Pharmacy, remarked in a tribute to Leader that “He was a keystone to our college’s success. His many talents, his deep love

Dr. August P. “Gus” Lemberger, 84, passed away on Tuesday, Feb. 16, 2010 with family members at his side. Lemberger was born Jan. 25, 1926 in Milwaukee, Wis. He attended and graduated from Marquette High School in 1943. Following in his father’s footsteps, he pursued a career in pharmacy attending the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW) and receiving both his B.S. and Ph.D. degrees in pharmacy. Lemberger was one of UW’s first male cheerleaders and was a devoted Badger fan. He served in the U.S. Army during World War II from 19441946 and was stationed in Japan, achieving the rank of First Lieutenant. Lemberger was a member of the School of Pharmacy faculty at UW from 1953 to 1969. He later served as dean at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy from 1969 to 1980 and then returned to UW as dean of the School of Pharmacy. Prior to his retirement in 1991, he held numerous professional appointments and positions, including his term on the Accreditation Council for Pharmaceutical Education and his chairmanship of the Joint AACP-AFPE commission to study graduate education in the pharmaceutical sciences. Among the many honors Lemberger received during his professional career are the University of Wisconsin Kiekhofer Memo-

W. Greg Leader

Leader was a member of the inaugural class of AACP’s Academic Leadership Fellows Program. He helped secure more than $9 million in grants and contracts during his career and served on a subsection of the editorial board for the Annals of Pharmacotherapy as well as the Louisiana Society of Health System Pharmacists Board of Directors. In 2002 he was the recipient of the ULM College of Pharmacy Outstanding Faculty Member Award. Leader is survived by his wife Barbara Grigg Leader; two children, Christopher Leader and Alyssa Leader; father, David Leader and wife, Sandy; sister, Tari Allen and husband, Bobby; nieces, Myranda Allen Mire and husband, Tagan, Lakin Allen LeBoeuf and husband, Gilbert; greatniece, Aubrey Mire; and a host of friends and colleagues at ULM.

rial Teaching Award (1957), the Rho Chi Lecture Award (1988), selection as the first Takeru and Aya Higuchi Memorial Lecturer by the Academy of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Japan (1989) and the Distinguished Service Profile Award of AFPE (1990). He was a member of many professional associations including the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, American Pharmacists Association, American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists and the Rho Chi Society. Lemberger is survived by his beloved wife of 62 years, Charlyne, and their seven children, Dr. Michael (Roseann) Lemberger of Spokane, Wash., Mary (Roger) Wright of Madison, Wis., Dr. Thomas (Ellen) Lemberger of Worthington, Ohio, Dr. Terrence (Lisa) Lemberger of Verona, Wis., Ann (Frederick) Kasten of Madison, Wis., Kathryn (Dennis) O’Keefe of Park City, Utah, and Peter (Amy) Lemberger of Madison, Wis., as well as 12 grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.

August P. Lemberger

Memorials may be made to St. Thomas Aquinas Church, 602 Everglade Dr., Madison, WI 53717; the UW Foundation c/o August and Charlyne Lemberger Fund, U.S. Bank Lockbox, Box 78807, Milwaukee, WI 53278-0807; or the charity of your choice.

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In Memoriam It is with deep regret that the Nova Southeastern University College of Pharmacy announces the passing of its colleague, Dr. Joseph Morrissey, on April 6, 2010.

Joseph Morrissey

Morrissey obtained his Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1993 and did his postdoctoral training at the University of Miami. Before joining the College of Pharmacy, Morrissey was senior scientist for the EME labs at Motorola for more than 12 years, conducting studies on the effects of radio frequency waves on human body and human cells, a subject by which he became internationally known.

included assessing the effects of mild hyperthermia on the effectiveness of common chemotherapeutic agents used against breast cancer. His long-term goal included future clinical applications of localized radiofrequency energy to enhance drug pharmacokinetics for cancer therapy. His teaching experience includes the teaching of genetics, cell and developmental biology and cancer biology courses at Broward College as well as at Nova Southeastern University, and most recently an immunopharmacology course to student pharmacists. He was well liked by faculty, students and staff, and will be missed immensely.

Morrissey joined the college on May 1, 2009 as an assistant professor. Since then, his research efforts

Dr. Atul J. Shukla, professor of pharmaceutical sciences and director of the pharmaceutical research, development and training laboratory at The University of Tennessee Health Science Center (UTHSC) College of Pharmacy, passed away from complications of lung cancer on Oct. 28, 2009.

Atul J. Shukla

After earning his Ph.D. at The University of Georgia, Dr. Shukla joined the faculty of The University of Tennessee in 1989 and established laboratories in pharmaceutical solid-dosage forms. He created the popular hands-on course in tablet technology

University of Washington (UW) alumnus and Professor and Chair Emeritus Dr. William “Bill” Trager passed away on Nov. 24, 2009. He was 72 years old.

William F. Trager

Trager received his Ph.D. in medicinal chemistry focusing on conformational analysis and nuclear magnetic resonance from UW in 1965 under the supervision of the recently deceased professor emeritus of medicinal chemistry Dr. Alain Huitric. He went on to do his postdoctoral studies at the Chelsea School of Science and Technology in London, studying alkaloid structures with Sir Arnold Beckett. In 1967, he joined the faculty of the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) School of Pharmacy as an assistant professor of medicinal chemistry. While at UCSF, he acted as director of the high-resolution mass spectrometry center. It was here that is his interest in drug metabolism, which would be the focus of his life’s research, began. In 1972, Trager was recruited back to the UW School of Pharmacy to be a professor of medicinal

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academic Pharmacy now  Apr/May/Jun 2010

for the training of students and pharmaceutical industry employees utilizing state-of-the-art manufacturing and laboratory equipment, most of which he obtained through donations. Shukla’s research involved biodegradable gels, controlled release systems and transdermal drug delivery systems, in addition to tablets and capsules. He was awarded the 2009 UTHSC Outstanding Teacher Award, presented by the campus Student Government Association Executive Committee and he was a member of the Rho Chi Society.

chemistry. He was the chair of the department from 1980 to 1983 and an adjunct professor in the UW Department of Chemistry. Trager was an outstanding, encouraging mentor to 22 graduate students and 12 postdoctoral fellows. During his career, he published more than 200 research papers and was a co-author of two books. He was internationally renowned for his work on warfarin metabolism and mechanisms of warfarin drug interactions. He also was the principal investigator for nearly 20 years of a National Institutes of Health Program Project Grant for investigating drug interactions. Trager received the Alumnus of the Year Award from the UW School of Pharmacy in 2001 and he remained with the university until his retirement in 2004. As an alumnus and emeritus faculty member, he stayed active with the School of Pharmacy, its faculty and staff. The School of Pharmacy and the wider research community have lost a brilliant mind and a kind soul. He is survived by his loving wife of 25 years, Caryl, and seven children from his blended family.

Capitol Hill News

Will by Will Lang

on

he brief Hill news tin 

Preparing for Healthcare Reform Implementation The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) will be responsible for the implementation of many of the provisions authorized in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 [PL 111-148]. Beginning as early as fall 2010, and for several years to come, HRSA will implement more than 50 provisions authorized in the landmark legislation. As with all federal legislation there is good news and bad news. The good news is that many of the provisions for which HRSA will take the lead reflect a congressional intent to reorganize our healthcare system into one that is more attuned to the needs of patients versus the volume of care necessary to maintain an operating margin, as well as an intent to improve care quality by increasing access to better coordinated care versus a hodge-podge of providers often creating problems for patients rather than solving them. The bad news is that this intent, to a large extent, authorizes program development but too frequently provides no dedicated funding stream. Many of the health professions related provisions include authorizing language that states “such sums as necessary” for the amount of funding to be appropriated annually or long-term for the authorized program. This authorization without appropriation is familiar ground for agencies like HRSA that are within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Thankfully, the secretary is given some discretion to transfer funds among agencies and programs, but to a limited extent. As stated above, HRSA will be the lead agency responsible for implementing 50+ provisions for which 19 are to be implemented by the end of 2010. Just six of these 19 programs include direct appropriations within the legislation. Faculty members at colleges and schools of pharmacy should be prepared to review grant proposals, often within short time frames, that may not explicitly state or indicate eligibility for academic pharmacy. Some grants of this type will be associated with the improvement of medical education for physicians and other providers designated within the Public Health Service Act (PHSA) as primary care providers. For example, existing language authorizing the primary care training grants under Section 747 of Title VII within the PHSA was amended to include language that creates a preference for funding grants that “proposes innovative approaches to clinical teaching using models of primary care, such as the patient centered medical home, team management of chronic disease, and interprofessional integrated models of health care that incorporate transitions in health care settings and integration physical and mental health provision…” As recognition of the importance of the integration of clinical pharmacy services into the medical home increases, successful grantees will certainly benefit from the inclusion of pharmacy faculty as a member of the grant team. The good news is that this section has funding of $125

million for FY 2010 but includes “such sums as necessary” for fiscal years 2011 through 2014. Similarly, the interdisciplinary, community-based linkages program, authorized under Section 751 of Title VII of the PHSA, commonly referred to as Area Health Education Centers (AHEC), was amended. This is a program with a wide authorization that includes encouraging the interest of individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds into health professions education as well as improving the care to individuals from underserved communities and populations. While the amending language of PPACA maintains eligibility primarily within medical schools, it does include clarifying language that will require successful grantees of AHEC infrastructure grants to “Conduct and participate in interdisciplinary training that involves physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, nurse midwives, dentists, psychologists, pharmacists, optometrists, community health workers, public and allied health professionals, or other health professionals, as practicable.” Again the good news here is that the AHEC program will receive annual appropriations of $125 million for each of fiscal years 2010–2014. It is clear that over the next few months and the next few years, federal agencies will be implementing a large number of provisions within the healthcare reform legislation. Many of these will provide new opportunities for academic pharmacy involvement. Yet, many of these opportunities may be somewhat less than explicit as to what that involvement might be. Therefore, continued diligence by you and the AACP staff will ensure that congressional intent of increasing individual access to highquality patient-centered, team-based care becomes a reality. AACP has placed a document on its Web site that lists many of the provisions of interest to academic pharmacy and includes implementation dates of the provisions. The document can be found by visiting www.aacp.org, then clicking on Advocacy under Policy and Advocacy. Next, click on Policy and Advocacy Updates, then Final Reform Provisions–March 31, 2010. To keep abreast of new grant opportunities, every faculty member should sign up for regular notices of federal grants through www.grants.gov. To find out more about the programs implemented by the Health Resources and Services Administration visit www.hrsa.gov. To read the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in its entirety, or to search for any of its provisions, go to http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=111_cong_ bills&docid=f:h3590pp.txt.pdf. academic Pharmacy now  Apr/May/Jun 2010

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news in brief

UF Pharmacy Researcher Urges Caution in Reducing Blood Pressure in Patients with Diabetes, Coronary Disease For patients with diabetes and heart disease, less is not always more—at least when it comes to blood pressure. New data shows an increased risk of heart attack, stroke or death for patients having blood pressure deemed too high, or too low, according to Dr. Rhonda Cooper-DeHoff, an associate professor of pharmacy and medicine at the University of Florida (UF). She reported her findings at the American College of Cardiology’s 59th annual scientific session in Atlanta.

with diabetes. But efforts to reduce systolic blood pressure to below 130 did not appear to offer any additional benefit to diabetics with coronary artery disease compared with reduction of systolic blood pressure to between 130 and less than 140. Cooper-DeHoff’s study reveals for the first time that this group of patients also had a similar increase in risk when their blood pressure was controlled to lower than 115 systolic—the range recommended as normal by the American Heart Association (AHA).

She recommends raising the systolic bar above 120 for blood pressure in patients with diabetes and coronary artery disease, saying that levels between 130 and 140 appear to be the most healthful. Based on hypertension treatment guidelines, healthcare practitioners have assumed that with regard to blood pressure, “the lower, the better,” Cooper-DeHoff said. But the International Verapamil SRTrandolapril study, known as INVEST, suggests that the range considered normal for healthy Americans may actually be risky for those with a combined diagnosis of diabetes and coronary artery disease.

Dr. Stephan Brietzke, an endocrinologist who did not participate in the research, was intrigued by the findings, saying that they parallel recent studies looking at blood sugar control, which suggest a U-shaped curve with higher cardiovascular risks at both “too high” and “too low” extremes.

Dr. Rhonda Cooper-DeHoff, associate professor of pharmacy and medicine at the University of Florida, conducted a study that reveals an increased risk of heart attack, stroke or death for patients having blood pressure deemed too high or too low.

“Our data suggest that in patients with both diabetes and coronary artery disease, there is a blood pressure threshold below which cardiovascular risk increases,” Cooper-DeHoff said. As many as two out of three adults with diabetes have high blood pressure. Normal blood pressure as defined by the American Heart Association is less than 120 systolic and less than 80 diastolic. Blood pressure greater than 140 is still associated with a nearly 50 percent increase in cardiovascular risk in patients

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Brietzke, an associate professor of clinical medicine at the University of Missouri-Columbia since 2002, led a multidisciplinary team that developed Veterans Health Administration and Department of Defense collaborative guidelines for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. He sees this as an important study for doctors treating patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

“Identifying thresholds of when to initiate treatment, and when to say ‘good enough,’ is extremely important not only to optimize patient outcomes, but also to help reduce unnecessary costs of care,” Brietzke said. AHA reports that heart disease or stroke is the top cause of death for people with diabetes, affecting more than 60 percent of patients. High blood pressure, common in diabetes, doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease.

news in brief

Students at UT Austin Test-drive Graduate School At The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), increasing numbers of students are taking graduate school out for a test drive before committing to the full journey. Since its inception in 1997, the Intellectual Entrepreneurship (IE) Consortium—whose goal is to “educate citizen-scholars”— has served more than 5,000 UT Austin undergraduate and graduate students. The consortium, which is a collaboration of 11 UT colleges and schools, is part of the Division of Diversity and Community Engagement.

for scholarly audiences, participating in seminars, serving as teaching and research assistants, publishing articles in professional journals and becoming members of scholarly organizations and learned societies. This unique perspective of education permits the student to discover his or her own passions and to develop strategies to advance exploration and learning. Under the leadership of Dr. Richard Cherwitz, IE has evolved into a vision and philosophy that extends to all levels of education, changing the model of higher education from “apprenticeship-certification-entitlement” to “discovery-ownershipaccountability.”

Many of these students participate in IE’s Pre-Graduate School Internship, a program established in 2003 and designed to provide a glimpse into the journey of graduate study. By fall 2010, the program will have served nearly 1,000 students. This spring, there are more than 100 IE interns working in 12 of “Intellectual Entrepreneurship is a philosophy and vision of edthe UT colleges and schools and representing more than 30 ucation viewing academics as innovators and agents of change,” Cherwitz said. “It focuses on creating cross-disciplinary and academic programs. multi-institutional collaborations designed to produce intelSixty percent of spring interns are among the first generation lectual advancements with a capacity to provide real solutions in their families to attend college or are underrepresented mi- to society’s problems and needs.” nority students, the highest percentage since the program beKatie Lee came to The University of Texas knowing that she gan. In addition, 72 percent of interns are women. wanted to pursue a degree in pharmacy, but she wasn’t quite For Tiffany Nguyen, a natural science student considering sure where that would lead her. An internship under the direcpharmacy graduate programs, it brought a chance to take part tion of Dr. Maria A. Croyle, associate professor of pharmaceuin a national scientific conference. Katie Lee found that the tics, gave her a glimpse into the possibilities. Katie applied and IE internship solidified her resolve to go to pharmacy school was approved for an IE travel grant to attend a meeting of the where she is now in her first year. Rogelio Martinez, a senior American Society of Gene Therapy in San Diego, Calif. She is neurobiology student considering pharmacy studies in gradu- in her first year as a Longhorn student pharmacist. ate school, had the opportunity to learn about the workings of a research lab before being awarded an Undergraduate Re- Fellow intern Marc Fleming is a pharmacy administration gradsearch Fellowship. Marc Fleming, a current pharmacy gradu- uate student who aspires for a career in pharmacy academia. ate student, used his time as a mentor to fine-tune his advising Although he has been a teaching assistant for four years, his experiences mentoring students in the IE program have given skills in anticipation of a career in academia. him a different experience, similar to being an advising or maThe goal of the IE Pre-Graduate School Internship is to con- jor professor. “This experience has given me even more insight nect undergraduates with faculty and veteran graduate stu- into what is required to guide a graduate student through the dents in their proposed field to explore the unique aspects of learning process, while managing my own research and comgraduate study that distinguish it from the undergraduate ex- mitments,” he said. perience. These aspects include conducting research, writing

academic Pharmacy now  Apr/May/Jun 2010

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news in brief

UM Scientists Find New Use for Nearinfrared Spectroscopy: Pill Quality Scientists at the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy have successfully used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR), a method already used to test farm product quality, to predict how quickly pills dissolve in the body. The experiments could lead to cost savings for drug makers and more consistency in the quality of pills, said Dr. Stephen W. Hoag, a professor of pharmaceutical sciences at the School of Pharmacy. In a study published last month in the International Journal of Pharmaceutics, Hoag and his colleagues used NIR to accurately predict the dissolution rate of a matrix-type controlled release tablet. Matrix tablets release their medication from the inside controlled by physical polymers that slow the process.

NIR technology measures properties of materials using part of the infrared portion of the light spectrum. It has widespread use in quality measurements in crop production, forage, fruits, food processing, baking products, timber, meats and non-food agriculture. In the 1990s, it began to show up in the pharmaceutical industry. The technology is especially useful in analyzing pills because it responds to both chemical and physical properties. Hoag said the technology accurately predicted how quickly matrix pills of the drug thiophylline dissolve, which gives an indication of its dissolution rate in the human body.

“This is a fundamental change because the drug industry used to In 2008, the team successfully tested NIR technology on coated tab- test a pill for dissolution, then send a sample for analysis to a wet lets that release slowly because of compounds in the coating. The lab,” says Hoag. “Now with near-infrared, high-speed computers team develops systematic methods for formulating controlled and and software, you can get information in real time. So instead of evaluating each step and waiting three days for samples to come immediate release tablets. back, it is instant. It impacts inventory, materials, space for storage “This may be a very narrow topic, but I think it will someday have and shortens the manufacturing time—all things that have financial huge implications for pharmacy, as [NIR] can also do ID testing, implications.” that is, it would relieve pharmacists of the need to routinely inspect Hoag said in the competitive pharmaceutical industry, cost savings every prescription,” said Hoag. with NIR identification could trickle down to the patient. Although Using NIR for identifying ingredients in pills will also help regula- the profit margin on the average pharmaceutical is often very high, tors. “For identification testing, anytime you bring in a material in a small cost savings in production with NIR testing may make a difthe drug making process, the FDA wants real data proving that the ference to companies as they produce more complex biologics, or material really is that material.” He said it may be possible to use the biology-based, therapies. new technology to avert consumer disasters such as the tainting of cough medications in 2006.

but two. One is an not just one person one is a student is or th au e Th 1. dent affairs and associate dean of stu issions administrator. m recruitment and ad .S. and the m the northern U fro ils ha or th au 2. One hern U.S. other from the sout e PharmCAS ve served on th ha s or th au th 3. Bo r many years. Advisory Panel fo training admissions travel the country s or th au th Bo armCAS and 4. schools about Ph staff at pharmacy PharmAdMIT. Alabama avid University of plished an is or th au accom 5. One e other author is an football fan and th ice skater.

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Diary of a PharmCAS Super-User Since April 2009, Academic Pharmacy Now has featured a series of diary entries from a PharmCAS Super-User, documenting their experience from the launch of the program to present time. Can you guess to whom the diary belongs? Use these clues to help you, then turn to page 25 to discover the author!

A complimentary, turn-key quality improvement program for pharmacy students What is the EPIQ program? Educating Pharmacy Students and Pharmacists to Improve Quality (EPIQ) was developed as a quality improvement educational resource to be used by pharmacy faculty and others to educate pharmacy students, pharmacists, and other stakeholders about measuring, reporting, and improving quality in pharmacy practice.

Why was the EPIQ program developed? The American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) and the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) have recognized the needs for future pharmacists to understand quality improvement. They have encouraged the addition of “quality improvement” (QI) to the curricula of Colleges of Pharmacy. (ACPE 2007) The ACPE states in their accreditation standards effective July 1, 2007 (p14): “ As recommended by the Institute of Medicine for all health care professionals, pharmacists must be educated to deliver patientcentered care as members of an interprofessional team, emphasizing evidence-based practice, quality improvement approaches, and informatics.”

Who developed EPIQ? The Pharmacy Quality Alliance (PQA, Inc.), www.PQAalliance.org, is a consensus-based organization involving over 50 stakeholder organizations that are committed to improving medication use through pharmacistdelivered care and services. PQA provided a grant to the University of Arizona to coordinate the development of this EPIQ program by the following pharmacist educators: Terri L. Warholak, Ph.D., R.Ph.; Donna West, Ph.D., R.Ph.; and David Holdford, R.Ph., M.S., Ph.D. to create the EPIQ program. An advisory board helped identify materials and guide the project.

What content does EPIQ include? Complete educational materials (slides, speaker notes, activities, readings, assessment questions, etc.) for the following topics: Module I: Status of Quality Improvement (QI) and Reporting in US Health Care System Module II: Quality Improvement Concepts Module III: Quality Measurement Module IV: Quality-Based Interventions and Incentives Module V: Application of QI to the Pharmacy Practice Setting

Ready for distribution to schools/colleges of pharmacy for educational use. If you would like a copy of the EPIQ program, a complimentary, turn-key quality improvement program for pharmacy students— or know someone who might —please contact:

Terri Warholak, Ph.D., R.Ph. warholak@pharmacy.arizona.edu or 520.235.5529

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news in brief

AACP Walmart Scholars Program AACP is pleased to announce that the 65 student/faculty recipients for the 2010 AACP Walmart Scholars Program have been chosen. AACP and Walmart share the commitment to help colleges and schools of pharmacy ensure there is an adequate number of well-prepared individuals who aspire to join the faculties of our expanding programs across the country. The goal of this scholarship program is to strengthen the recipient’s skills and commitment to a career in academic pharmacy through participation in programming and activities at the 2010 AACP Annual Meeting and Seminars. The program provides $1,000 travel scholarships to 65 student/faculty pairs from AACP member institutions to attend the AACP Annual Meeting and the AACP Teachers Seminar in Seattle, Wash., July 10–14, 2010. This momentous program continues to grow each year, thanks to Walmart’s support and dedication. The 2010 AACP Walmart Scholars Program recipients are: 1. Tamunosa Abbey, Wingate University Faculty Mentor: Carolyn Ford

15. Tamara Davidson, Virginia Commonwealth University Faculty Mentor: Spencer E. Harpe

2. Samuel Aitken, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York Faculty Mentor: Peter M. Brody Jr.

16. Katherine Denney, The University of Oklahoma Faculty Mentor: Alan R. Spies

3. Brian Bachyrycz, University of Connecticut Faculty Mentor: Fei Wang

17. Jefmar Dickey, Loma Linda University Faculty Mentor: Jerika T. Lam

4. Kassy Bartelme, University of Minnesota Faculty Mentor: Andrew P. Traynor

18. Joseph Dikun, Northeastern Ohio Universities Colleges of Medicine and Pharmacy Faculty Mentor: Dale E. English II

5. Gillian Bell, The University of Tennessee Faculty Mentor: Katie J. Suda

19. Shimeka Edwards, The University of Tennessee Faculty Mentor: Debbie C. Byrd

6. Gregory Bogart, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Faculty Mentor: Benjamin Chavez

20. Holly Epperly, University of Minnesota Faculty Mentor: Jeannine M. Conway

7. Ashley Branham, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Faculty Mentor: Macary Weck Marciniak 8. Christina Bulkley, The University of Oklahoma Faculty Mentor: Lourdes G. Planas

21. Nnamdi McAnthony Ezenyi, Appalachian College of Pharmacy Faculty Mentor: Sarah T. Melton 22. Matt Felbinger, University of Pittsburgh Faculty Mentor: Neal J. Benedict

9. Andrew Bzowyckyj, University of Minnesota Faculty Mentor: Todd D. Sorensen

23. Thomas Franko, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia Faculty Mentor: Laura A. Mandos

10. Erika Caine, The University of Arizona Faculty Mentor: Marion K. Slack

24. Kisha Gant, Xavier University of Louisiana Faculty Mentor: Janel Bailey Wheeler

11. Amanda Carter, Midwestern University–Glendale Faculty Mentor: Michael A. Dietrich

25. Mallory Garfield, Harding University Faculty Mentor: Susan M. Grace

12. Ashley Castleberry, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Faculty Mentor: Amy M. Franks

26. Carissa Garza, University of the Incarnate Word Faculty Mentor: William D. Linn

13. Chris Chapleau, Samford University Faculty Mentor: Michael G. Kendrach 14. Sheila Cohara, University of Cincinnati Faculty Mentor: Shauna M. Buring

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27. Brandon Gufford, University of Nebraska Medical Center Faculty Mentor: Dennis H. Robinson 28. Nick Hagemeier, Purdue University Faculty Mentor: Holly L. Mason

news in brief

2010 Recipients 29. David Jacobs, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York Faculty Mentor: Gayle A. Brazeau 30. Nancy Jamieson, Wayne State University Faculty Mentor: Denise H. Rhoney 31. Amy Kennedy, Virginia Commonwealth University Faculty Mentor: Gary R. Matzke 32. William King, South Carolina College of Pharmacy Faculty Mentor: Amy N. Thompson

49. Prabu Segaran, University of Hawaii at Hilo Faculty Mentor: Anna Barbato 50. Michelle Serres, The University of Toledo Faculty Mentor: Megan A. Kaun 51. Anokhi Shah, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia Faculty Mentor: Lisa E. Davis 52. Janet Shaw, University of Maryland Faculty Mentor: Hoai-An Truong

33. Emily Kirchner, Shenandoah University Faculty Mentor: Karen K. Schultz

53. Mami Shindo, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences–Worcester Faculty Mentor: Alice Gardner

34. Konstantin Kleyman, The University of Georgia Faculty Mentor: Alan P. Wolfgang

54. Adam Sieg, South Carolina College of Pharmacy Faculty Mentor: John A. Bosso

35. Julie Lauffenburger, University of Pittsburgh Faculty Mentor: Susan M. Meyer

55. Ashley Stubblefield Crumby, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Faculty Mentor: Kendrea M. Muldrew

36. Christine Lee, University of Florida Faculty Mentor: Richard Segal 37. Ashley Mays, Auburn University Faculty Mentor: Jessica Starr 38. Sara McElroy, University of Washington Faculty Mentor: Nanci L. Murphy 39. Brooke Melicher, North Dakota State University Faculty Mentor: Donald R. Miller 40. Molina Mhatre, The University of Oklahoma Faculty Mentor: Beth H. Resman-Targoff 41. Donna Morgan, Purdue University Faculty Mentor: Patricia L. Darbishire 42. Jennifer Greene Naples, Thomas Jefferson University Faculty Mentor: Emily R. Hajjar 43. Shannon Neubauer, Creighton University Faculty Mentor: Julie Stading 44. Kyle Null, The University of Mississippi Faculty Mentor: Alicia S. Bouldin 45. Diane Ogborn, The University of Utah Faculty Mentor: Karen M. Gunning 46. Natasha Petry, North Dakota State University Faculty Mentor: Christian B. Albano

56. Sheryl Thedford, University of Maryland Faculty Mentor: Raymond C. Love 57. Sarah Tischer, Drake University Faculty Mentor: Robert P. Soltis 58. Rodney Brigg Turner, Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Mentor: Sachin S. Devi 59. Lauren Vandall, University of Charleston Faculty Mentor: Krista Capehart 60. Jason Williamson, Ferris State University Faculty Mentor: Adnan Dakkuri 61. Sarah Witkowski, Wilkes University Faculty Mentor: Marie Roke-Thomas 62. Maria Wopat, University of Wisconsin–Madison Faculty Mentor: Beth A. Martin 63. Sherry Yang, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Faculty Mentor: Kelly Scolaro 64. John Yates, The University of Tennessee Faculty Mentor: Andrea R. Franks 65. Clayton Yu, Nova Southeastern University Faculty Mentor: Stephanie Ballard

47. Jennifer Piccolo, Northeastern University Faculty Mentor: Jenny A. VanAmburgh 48. Shannon Proctor, Mercer University Faculty Mentor: Christine M. Klein

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Honoring Excellence in Assessment The AACP Award for Excellence in Assessment recognizes outstanding Doctor of Pharmacy assessment programs for their progress in developing and applying evidence of outcomes as part of the ongoing evaluation and improvement of pharmacy professional education. Recipients of the award will present their winning portfolio at the 2010 Annual Meeting in Seattle, Wash. on Sunday, July 11 at 2:45 p.m. The award-winning programs are: Assessment of a College-wide Teaching Goal and Related Curricular Methods was designed by Drs. Charles R. Phillips and Raylene M. Rospond from the Drake University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences. The college has a long commitment to excellence in teaching and to both program and course level assessment. It has implemented a single, commercially available evaluation system for courses and instructors. With the use of this reliable and valid instrument, the college has been able to set a specific goal for measuring effectiveness of teaching and has also undertaken a comprehensive review of the teaching methods and key objectives utilized in the Pharm.D. curriculum. The development, implementation and the assessment of this college-wide teaching goal, as well as the annual analysis of the teaching methods utilized by faculty, are described. Using results from course evaluations each year, converted scores for the ‘progress on relevant objectives’ are analyzed and summarized using an SPSS routine. These converted scores allow for benchmarking between faculty, as well as to a national database of educators. College results are tabulated and presented to the faculty with the progress made toward the college teaching goal. Further analysis of the results also helps identify areas for faculty development and improvement for the next academic year, as well as any specific areas of the curriculum that need to be addressed by a particular college committee or work group. The college has collected more than two years worth of aggregate data encompassing over 200 course offerings. To date, the college teaching goal has not been met. This has prompted discussions as to what additional data need to be gathered and what improvement measures can be taken. The performance data has initiated other actions, including faculty review of how their courses are taught and whether or not they are truly emphasizing the objectives they have attached to their courses. Other discussions resulting from the process revolve around the appropriate balance of teaching methods employed and the balance of objectives being emphasized across the curriculum.

IPPE: End of Experience Survey was designed by Dr. Pauline A. Cawley, Dr. Reza Karimi and Kristine B. Marcus from the Pacific University Oregon School of Pharmacy. Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experiential Education (IPPE2) at the beginning of the school’s second year was redesigned to provide twoweeks of simulated health-system pharmacy experience. Students first spent four weeks (160 hours) as a pharmacist intern in community-based practice, followed by two weeks (80 hours) of independent study completed by the students remotely under the supervision of the school’s faculty. Throughout all six weeks

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of the IPPE2 the students had assignments and the opportunity for online discussion to connect classroom concepts to real life practice and to prepare them for their expanded role as a pharmacist intern. The redesigned IPPE2 included providing students with daily assignments designed to progressively build knowledge and confidence related to patient-centered pharmacy care. This curriculum change was planned with built-in assessment to evaluate if this time would provide enhanced insight into patientcentered care and better prepare students for the challenges of pharmacotherapeutics introduced in the didactic sections of the P2 year. P3 academic Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiential Education (APPE) students helped write many of the assignments and assessments, with faculty supervision. The variety of assignments included calculation puzzles, Learning Bridges, common laboratory results, medical abbreviations, self-study computer modules on patient case assignments, simulated medical charts and orders, and weekly reflections. Assessment goals were to: i) explore if this approach assisted students in the transition from a primarily science-based first year to the more clinically-based second year of the program; ii) examine student, preceptor and faculty impact, and iii) identify any areas of the curriculum that could be improved upon to enhance students’ skill level and confidence when entering the experiential and therapeutics arenas. The assessment activities built into IPPE2 included: student personal reflections and survey data, electronic discussion board participation, preceptor feedback and faculty reflections. Examination data was compared from one year to the next on similar examination questions. Internal benchmarking demonstrated students were better prepared for the P2 curriculum upon the completion of the IPPE2. The majority of students indicated that by the end of week six their understanding of the roles of clinical pharmacy in community, ambulatory and acute care were enhanced, providing the opportunity for a good “head start” to the P2 year. During the initial didactic P2 blocks, faculty felt the summer activities allowed for more productive and rich discussion of the role of pharmacists in patient-centered care, and allowed for new material to be introduced that previously was uncovered. The following areas of P1 curriculum will be targeted for improvement to better prepare students for IPPE2: self-care/over the counter medications, Top 200 drugs, patient counseling practice and calculations.

Recognizing Innovations in Teaching Each year, the AACP Council of Faculties recognizes the novel teaching, learning strategies and assessment methods of three faculty teams as part of the Innovations in Teaching competition. This year’s winners will participate in a special session at the 2010 AACP Annual Meeting and Seminars in Seattle, Wash. on Tuesday, July 13 at 8:00 a.m. The award-winning programs are: The Pharmacy Curricula Vidcasting Project was designed by Dr. Seena L. Haines of Palm Beach Atlantic University Lloyd L. Gregory School of Pharmacy and Dr. Jenny A. Van Amburgh of Northeastern University School of Pharmacy. This vidcasting project was a collaborative between two private universities in two distinct courses. The project spanned a semester (16-weeks) in the fall (2008 and 2009) of the third professional year in the disease prevention and health promotion course at Palm Beach Atlantic University (PBAU) and the spring of the second professional year in the self-care therapeutics course at Northeastern University School of Pharmacy (NU-SOP). Components of this assignment include: developing a treatment, storyboard, electronic documentation log, filming, editing, presentation with debriefing, rubric-based assessment and peer/ student evaluations. Equipment necessary for filming was provided by our respective media departments. The course concluded with an awards ceremony honoring superlative recipients and the top three YouTube videos released on the public domain and internal PBAU/NU-SOP Web pages, TV stations, and the Palm Beach County digital square. Formative and summative assessments were implemented to evaluate student and community reactions, peer assessment, visibility and ratings by Internet users, and attribution of usage by other organizations. This process can be adapted to any course in any professional year and numerous health curricula, as well as serve as an ideal project within an interdisciplinary course. Results indicate increased student selfesteem, respect for peers, creative and critical thinking abilities.

Defining a Learning Process for Strengths Education in Pharmacy: An Eight Year Journey was designed by Dr. Kristin K. Janke from the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy–Twin Cities campus, Dr. Andrew P. Traynor from the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy–Duluth campus and Dr. Todd D. Sorensen from the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy–Twin Cities campus. Research has shown that a high level of engagement in work is critical for creating innovation and success within an organization. Through the work of Gallup, this type of engagement has been clearly linked to alignment between an individual’s talents and strengths, and the work they do each day. The StrengthsFinder™ assessment tool was developed to assist individuals describe their talents and define their unique strengths, which are activities tied to Signature Themes of talent that make a person feel strong. For pharmacy to achieve its potential in serving patients and society, we must identify and productively engage the strengths of each pharmacist. We have applied lessons from the “strengths revolution” to the development of a learning framework com-

prised of three competency levels defined across a 5-stages of content. This framework has been used to develop instructional programs for multiple audiences of learners. Nearly 600 pharmacists and student pharmacists have completed the StrengthsFinder™ assessment and participated in live or Web-based programs that assist in translating general strengths principles into a pharmacy context. Evaluations have demonstrated an enhanced understanding of personal strengths and an ability to identify areas for personal development. Learning strategies developed based on years of experience are well-received and shown to assist learners in achieving defined competencies. This success is supporting integration of “strengths” curricular thread, which will engage all students at our institution. This work is also serving as a key point of engagement between the school and the local pharmacy community.

Learning Bridge: An Integrative Tool that Bridges Didactic and Experiential Curricula to Positively Affect Student Learning, Preceptor Training, and Faculty Teamwork was conducted by Dr. Reza Karimi, Dr. Pauline A. Cawley and Dr. Cassandra S. Arendt, all from the Pacific University Oregon School of Pharmacy. A Learning Bridge (LB) has been developed to assist the School of Pharmacy’s first professional year (P1) students in integrating P1 didactic learning with introductory pharmacy practice experiences (IPPE). Thirteen LB assignments were designed based on biomedical, pharmaceutical and social/behavioral/administrative sciences during the 2008–2009 academic year. These assignments were pharmacy related and designed to be completed at a pharmacy site, requiring students to be self-directed and use site-accessible tools to answer questions relating to the didactic materials covered concurrently within the P1 year. Each assignment was shared with students and preceptors prior to biweekly IPPE days. At the conclusion of fall and spring semesters, the team conducted five surveys to collect students’, preceptors’ and faculty’s feedback to measure the effectiveness of the LB process. Our results provided compelling evidence that the LB process played an instrumental role in promoting students’ interaction with their preceptors, active learning, selfdirected learning and critical-thinking skills. In addition, preceptors believed that the LB process familiarized them with our P1 curriculum and assisted them in invigorating their knowledge of the curricular topics. Furthermore, faculty believed the dynamic of their teamwork was increased by generating LB assignments. Our results indicate that the LB process integrates didactic and experiential realms and the results were sufficiently encouraging to incorporate the LB process into our Pharm.D. curriculum.

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Helping in HAITI Students and faculty from The University of Oklahoma and Campbell University provide much-needed healthcare to Haitians The pharmacist code of ethics is spoken by incoming student pharmacists at a White Coat ceremony during their first year of professional studies. The student agrees to the statement that they will “consider the welfare of humanity and relief of suffering” their primary concerns.

important part of their pharmacy education and knew even before they stepped off the plane in Haiti that this week would shape their world-view. They also knew that on a very small scale, they would practice being pharmacists for a week in a diverse interprofessional setting.

But how is that carried out in real life as students trudge through biostatistics and medicinal chemistry classes? Where do they find balance between the textual knowledge they are required to obtain and yet develop eyes that will consistently see through a lens of compassion?

“I always knew that I wanted to do compassionate work; my choice to be a healthcare professional is just a vehicle to offer comfort and give hope to people,” said Hooper. “Eventually, I would really like to meld my profession with compassionate work, possibly in a clinic overseas.”

During The University of Oklahoma (OU) spring break, March 12–21, a team of 65 students and professionals from the Christian Medical and Dental Student Association at the OU Health Sciences Center spent a week in Haiti, serving those who were devastated by the monumental earthquake on Jan. 12. All seven colleges were represented: Medicine, Nursing, Dentistry, Pharmacy, Public Health, Allied Health and Graduate.

The team of 65 divided into six groups, each with a student pharmacist/faculty member, and served in the tent cities in Port-au-Prince, as well as in a remote village and mountain-top clinic. The students saw more than 2,000 patients in their five days at the clinic. Many of the patients complained of multiple ailments such as headache, acid reflux, infection and dehydration. The students’ knowledge was immediately put to use since they knew how to order the correct dosages of the right medications. Their role was clinical in nature; they counseled patients on every prescription, used weight-based dosing methods and conducted therapeutic interchange when needed.

Student pharmacists Timmelyn Buchanan, Kate Denney, Allison Hooper and Jeffrey Samuels, along with assistant professor of clinical and administrative sciences Dr. Brooke Honey, joined the 65-person team. The students all agreed that this was an Top: Graduates of Campbell University’s College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Nishan Gunawardena and his wife Gail Warner, stand in the pharmacy area of the field hospital in Haiti where they volunteered.

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Bottom: Fourth Year Student Pharmacist Katherine Denney of The University of Oklahoma.

Also answering the call for help was a group of Campbell University pharmacy graduates who volunteered to care for the earthquake victims.

feature story

Drs. Nishan Gunawardena, Gail Warner, Roger Reeder and Megan Lockamy arrived in Port-au-Prince in early May and were immediately assigned to a field hospital located on the capital city’s airport grounds and sponsored by the University of Miami Global Institute and Project Medishare, a humanitarian organization collaborating with the University of Miami’s Miller School of Medicine, to supply medical volunteers to Haiti. The field hospital consisted of four large tents and many smaller tents with a total capacity of 200 patients. According to Gunawardena, hundreds lined up to be treated each morning and each morning a great number were turned away. Most of the patients were amputees, many had sustained other injuries, some had bacterial infections caused by surgery and unsanitary conditions, many suffered from chronic disease states such as hypertension and diabetes, and others had more acute problems like tuberculosis and malaria.

“Anyone can make a difference,” Warner said. “All you need is the willingness to do so.”

Gunawardena and the group worked as pharmacists, providing oral, intravenous and topical medications to patients in all departments of the hospital—adult to pediatric and neo-natal. Since all of the medications were donations, the pharmacy would not always have what the doctor requested and a lot of time was spent searching for the best alternative based on what the pharmacy had in stock.

“We had to make critical decisions concerning areas in which we had little experience such as pediatric drug dosing,” Gunawardena added. “You really had to rely on your basic knowledge of pharmacy and say, ‘Okay, what can I use as a substitute?’” As donations started to dry up, the pharmacists were called upon to help develop a formulary for the hospital in order to purchase medications in the most cost-effective manner. The Campbell group members agreed that they were definitely able to use what they had learned in the classroom. “Anyone can make a difference,” Warner said. “All you need is the willingness to do so. None of us had ever done anything like this and we did not feel very prepared for the trip. But we all shared a desire to help in whatever way we could, so we did our best and we figured it out as we went.”

Top: Fourth Year Student Pharmacist Allison Hooper of The University of Oklahoma. Middle: From left: Fourth Year Student Pharmacist Allison Hooper, Assistant Professor of Clinical and Administrative Sciences Dr. Brooke Honey and Fourth Year Student Pharmacist Jeffery Samuel. Bottom: Fourth Year Student Pharmacist Timmellyn Buchanan (green shirt).

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Expanding Our news in brief

2010 AACP Annual Meeting and Seminars

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Horizons The world’s pharmacy educators will convene at the 2010 AACP Annual Meeting and Seminars in Seattle eager to shape the future of global healthcare. With exciting programs related to assessment, department chairs, experiential education, faculty development, leadership and management, research and science, and student affairs, AACP is poised now more than ever to help our members solve the issues of today...and tomorrow. AACP stands ready to explore new developments in pharmacy education and practice. Attendees will be armed with the latest tools, programs and services to prepare the next generation of pharmacists, educators and pharmaceutical scientists. Join us in Seattle, July 10-14, for incredible opportunities for growth and development as pharmacy academia continues to expand its educational horizons!

July 10–14 | Seattle www.aacp.org/annualmeeting10 academic Pharmacy now  Apr/May/Jun 2010

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Celebrating Excellence in AACP will honor three educators for their lifetime achievements in the pharmacy profession and two authors of the best paper published in the American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education at the 2010 Annual Meeting and Seminars. AACP Immediate Past President Dr. Victor A. Yanchick, dean of the Virginia Commonwealth University School of Pharmacy, will engage recipients of the Robert K. Chalmers Distinguished Pharmacy Educator Award, Paul R. Dawson Biotechnology Award and Volwiler Research Achievement Award in a dialogue on excellence during the 2010 Awards Robert K. Chalmers Distinguished Pharmacy Educator Award Mary Anne Koda-Kimble, Pharm.D., dean of the School of Pharmacy at the University of California, San Francisco, will receive the 2010 Robert K. Chalmers Distinguished Pharmacy Educator Award for her excellence as a teacher, her outstanding achievements as a researcher and scholar, and her overall impact on pharmacy education and the profession.

Mary Anne KodaKimble, Pharm.D. Dean University of California, San Francisco School of Pharmacy

Koda-Kimble is a nationally-recognized educational leader and student advocate. Her international reputation is as a founding and continuing editor of Applied Therapeutics, a textbook widely used by health professional students and practitioners throughout the world, and as a frequent invited speaker to pharmacy school audiences on topics ranging from over-the-counter medications to emerging issues in pharmacy and education. Throughout her nearly 40-year career she has held many leadership positions, including serving as presi-

dent of AACP, as a member and officer of the Board of Directors of the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education and as a member of AACP’s Commission on Implementing Change in Pharmacy Education. She is the recipient of many teaching and practice awards. Her accolades include the 2010 Remington Honor Medal, the profession’s highest honor administered by the American Pharmacists Association (APhA), the 2008 Outstanding Dean Award from the APhA-Academy of Student Pharmacists and the 2002 APhA Daniel B. Smith Practice Excellence Award. She also received the 2007 Paul Parker Medal for distinguished service from the American College of Clinical Pharmacy. The award, named for the late Robert K. Chalmers, former AACP president and distinguished educator, consists of a Steuben glass owl sculpture and a monetary prize.

Paul R. Dawson Biotechnology Award Harold L. Kohn, Ph.D., will receive the 2010 Paul R. Dawson Biotechnology Award for his contributions to contemporary teaching and scholarship in biotechnology.

Harold L. Kohn, Ph.D. Kenan Professor of Medicinal Chemistry and Natural Products University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Eshelman School of Pharmacy

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Kohn is the Kenan professor of medicinal chemistry and natural products at the UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy. He is recognized worldwide as an accomplished and innovative medicinal chemist and a leader in molecular therapeutics. One of Kohn’s most significant achievements is the development of a drug treatment for a subset of epileptic patients. Lacosamide, a first-in-class anti-epileptic drug, is now marketed in the United States and Europe for treatment of partialonset seizures. Throughout his distinguished career, Kohn has made notable contributions to biotechnology and the academic community. From 1999 to 2005, Kohn served as

chair of UNC’s Division of Medicinal Chemistry and Natural Products in the pharmacy school, where he restructured the division to meet the challenges currently facing many academic medicinal chemistry programs. External funding for the division tripled and publications increased under his chairmanship. Kohn’s research studies have led to more than 160 peer-reviewed papers published in leading journals and nine patent filings in the United States and more than 25 abroad. These investigations have provided the framework for the training of 28 doctoral, seven master’s and 30 postdoctoral students. The award is named in honor of Amgen former vice president of marketing and sales, Paul R. Dawson, a staunch supporter of education in biotechnology. It consists of a double helix glass sculpture and a $10,000 cash prize.

Education Plenary on Tuesday, July 13 at 10:00 a.m. Recipients of these three prestigious awards will lead attendees in a candid and engaging discussion of their views on what qualities mark excellence in pharmacy education and research. Receiving the award for the best paper published in the American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education in 2009 are two authors from The University of British Columbia. The Rufus A. Lyman Award will be presented at the AACP Closing Banquet on Tuesday, July 13 at 7:00 p.m. when the Association celebrates its collective accomplishments over the past year. Volwiler Research Achievement Award Hartmut C. Derendorf, Ph.D., will receive the 2010 Volwiler Research Achievement Award for his outstanding research and contributions to the field of pharmaceutical sciences. Considered a pioneer in the field of pharmacokinetic/ pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modeling, Derendorf’s textbook, Handbook of Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Modeling, published in 1995, was the first comprehensive summary of the state of the art in the field. He has published more than 340 scientific publications and given over 650 presentations at national or international meetings. He has published six textbooks in English and German and is editor or associate editor of four scientific journals.

Derendorf joined the University of Florida in 1981 as the postdoctoral fellow of the 1980 Volwiler Award recipient Edward R. Garrett. He is currently distinguished professor and chairman of the Department of Pharmaceutics at the UF College of Pharmacy. Described as an integral component in the college’s teaching of biopharmaceutics, pharmacokinetics and clinical pharmacokinetics, Derendorf has received the UF Research Foundation Professorship, the CVS Pharmacy Endowed Professorship, the International Educator of the Year Award and the UF Doctoral Advisor/Mentoring Award. The award consists of a gold medal and a monetary prize, and was established in honor of the late Ernest H. Volwiler, Abbott Laboratories former president and research director.

Hartmut C. Derendorf, Ph.D. Distinguished Professor and Chairman of the Department of Pharmaceutics University of Florida College of Pharmacy

Rufus A. Lyman Award Authors of “An Enhanced Community Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience Model to Improve Patient Care” will receive the 2010 Rufus A. Lyman Award for the best paper published in the American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education in 2009. Rosemin Kassam, B.Sc. Pharm, Pharm.D., and Mona Kwong, B.Sc. Pharm, M.Sc., of the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences at The University of British Columbia, authored the paper which quantifies the benefits of an enhanced advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) community pharmacy model compared to the traditional program by comparing basic and comprehensive pharmaceutical care provided by students and assessing preceptors’ perceptions of the APPE. The authors conducted a pilot study consisting of one enhanced APPE arm and two traditional APPE (control) arms. The enhanced APPE included a preceptor education program, a 5-day, on-site student orientation and an 8-week experience completed at one community site instead of at two. Results indicated that student pharmacists participating in the enhanced program were able to provide better patient care, which included

more student-led interventions for optimizing new and refill prescriptions as well as comprehensive pharmaceutical care consultations. Kassam is an associate professor in the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences at UBC. She joined the university in 1999 as its first director for the Structured Practice Education Program, bringing more than a decade of experience in community and hospital practice. Kwong is a coordinator for the Structured Practice Education Program, lecturer and research associate in the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences at UBC. As a primary care pharmacist and manager of Howe Street Pharmacy in downtown Vancouver, Kwong is involved in various community-outreach initiatives aimed at optimizing medication management for the most vulnerable, such as those with HIV/AIDS, mental health problems, the terminally-ill, and seniors. The award is presented as a framed certificate along with a stipend of $5,000 to be shared by the authors of the paper.

Rosemin Kassam, B.Sc. Pharm, Pharm.D. Associate Professor The University of British Columbia Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Mona Kwong, B.Sc. Pharm, M.Sc. Coordinator for the Structured Practice Education Program, Lecturer and Research Associate The University of British Columbia Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Thomas TenHoeve III, Associate Dean for Student Affairs, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy Jonathan M. Parker, Student Recruitment and Admissions Administrator, Samford University McWhorter School of Pharmacy

Diary of a PharmCAS Super-User Answer:

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Academic Pharmacy Continues to Make Global Impact For the past two years, Academic Pharmacy Now has featured pharmacy faculty and students who are acting globally to improve the healthcare of people around the world. This issue shares more rich evidence of the connections created between educators and students to teach, consult, collaborate in research, and provide outreach to underserved people in many areas of need all over the globe.

Malawi

Ethiopia

Malawi

two separate warestorage areas included acy arm ph e Th y iversit ated in these ware2008, Loma Linda Un st of the medications loc Mo s. use ho r ntries, During the summer of ege hla lsc nations from other cou ers Dr. LaDonna M. Oe uses were received as do ho acy pharmacy faculty memb to arm ph lif. th Ca bo es, of gel e organization veled from Los An including the U.S. Th th bo and Dr. Jerika T. Lam tra acy for e arm enc ph eri ure exp fut ful they explored vided a very use pro ses ou reh s wa on ati Makwasa, Malawi where sdic bal mi zing the me while enhancing their glo r and Lam. While organi ege hla lsc Oe and o es research opportunities du dat e n Th tio . ed expira the School of Pharmacy al supplies, they review sion as new faculty at ian culture, and medic law pletion of the project, Ma com the the ut on abo Up ge s. storage condition hoped to gain knowled as rse ove the re dications from medisha me ted e system, and y had successfully separa the learn about the healthcar s in future colleagues. cal supplies, placing item voyage with fellow and se. ou reh wa er oth the or the e on acotherapy visited arm ph of s to sor fes d pro oar The assistant n of They used cardb d in the small rural tow ate loc , artal el spi lab Ho and ulo Malam various make signs as an abundant source for Makwasa, which serves earch eas in the warehouses for res and ng ini healthcare tra ons and medical clinical opportunities, The hospital has 245 medicati e. car cal uti ace arm ph in the area of occu- supplies, which provided cent of these beds are per 75 e, rag ave on beds and month, easy access for the pharately 6,000 patients per im rox app ves ser It d. pie equipped macy personnel and n and children, and is most of which are wome assisted them in idenrooms. oratories and operating with x-ray machines, lab tifying drugs used in m fro teers treatment and prevenof a group of 11 volun Oelschlaeger was part ns, cia ysi tion of specific conditwo pharmacists, two ph Dr. LaDo nn the U.S., which included of e on of e wif tions and disease sor of ph a M. Oelschlae e students and the leg arm ger, assis col six , list nge n, eva an itio ns, uses card acotherapy at tant pro cia add ysi In ph . tes the e sta sid Loma Lin fe board to working along da Unive sth m e a ke w e a abl e. the physicians. While re si s car rsity, t wa gns and houses fo ien m pat tea of s the ect asp ny la r medica ma plies. b to e d l ose a exp re s wa a r tions and s Oelschlaege ients to the to give the physimedical in supstaff would present pat all The hospital’s medical of con uld list a wo r ns cia er which Oelschlaege attending physician, aft ions were less than the medications dit con rile ste e Th ts. sult with the patien s available currently stored re no narcotic analgesic desirable and there we the pain in the pharmacy and re flammatory drugs we so non-steroidal anti-in . The pharmacy warehouses. en) ph ino (outside of acetam ice cho of s on ati dic me ited use possible care with the lim team provided the best ge and Oelschlaeger and Lam led ow kn l ica clin g lyin app le, ilab ava s on of medicati e. returned to Loma providing supportive car and ng osi gn dia for ise expert Linda University with the ide ins a new outlook on life, the pharmacy located The team also visited and all sm s wa eager to share her designated area hospital facilities. This re atu per tem of newfound knowledge oid dev s wa of global healthcare control. There tor era rig ref with fellow and future a small s as an abunfew a d cke sto colleagues. Malamulo Hospital in Malawi serve that opportunities, al clinic us vario for e sourc dant drugs but it was apin the area of rch resea and ng traini hcare healt parent that there pharmaceutical care. sup row was a nar ply of medications available for hospitalized patients.

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The missi o included n group of 11 vo lun Lo sors of p ma Linda Unive teers from the U rs h .S. schlaege armacotherapy D ity assistant pro fesr rs evangelis and Jerika T. La . LaDonna M. O m t, e one of th six college stud , two physicians, le physic ents and an ians. the wife of

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Ethiopia

As Dr. Peggy S. Odegard and Donald Downing gav e their macists could presentation in the brigh ease t classroom at Jimma Un iversity the burden in Ethiopia, they didn’t on the expect the Ethiopian ph armacy system if the students, faculty and pra y were ctitioners in the audien ce to be allowed to do so rapt. The University more. of Washington (UW) pro fessors of pharmacy were just giving a basic overview of phar- As a first step toward maceutical care and ph armacy practice in other University of nations. making this happen, Specifically, they were exp the Ethiopian trainWashington laining that Japan and Micro- ees and UW nesia, like Ethiopia, are fac ulty trying to move their ph armaceu- members we tical care model into on Country: Ethiopia re invited e that focuses more on patient to meet with care, rather than prima adminisrily on dispensing medic ations. trators and physicians “It turned out a lot of the at the Jimma Univerm were self-conscious ove r the sity belief that their country’s Medical Center. pharmacy practice system was While behind others in the wo there, the group rld,” said Downing. “W e didn’t ma realize how important de a case to the leadershi it would be for them to p for increasing under- ph stand that they weren’t armacists’ responsibilitie so far behind other nat s in hospitals. ions.” Odegard and Downing “At a minimum, we wa were in Jimma, Ethiop nted to suggest that ia with the professor of public hea y have pharmacists out lth Dr. Andy S. Sterga on the wards and chis in clin November, training the ics of the hospitals,” sai Ethiopians on patient-fo d Downing. cused pharmaceutical care and pharmacovigilance (th e sci- The pitch pro ence and application of ved successful. Jimma drug safety). University Medical Center has indicated that it Their weeklong trip wa cleared pharmacists to s funded by the Streng start providing pharthening ma Pharmaceutical System ceutical care in hospital s (SPS) project. Sterga wards as of Dechis is cem one of AACP’s 2010 An ber. nual Meeting Science Plenary keynote speakers and a principal investigator on UW’s Downing, Od SPS project, which is par egard and Stergachis t of Management Scienc also had es for a handful of suc The University of Washington Health (MSH)—an intern cessful meetings with ational nonprofit organi Pharmacy professors received Ethiozation pian public hea that helps developing lth officials. By the tim nations strengthen the from the Ethiopians. Peggy S. e they ir health left Ethiop systems. from left, Donald Downing is n ia, they felt hopeful tha t they had and Andy S. Stergachis is sixth helped set in motion a movement toward posiOdegard and Downing tive change. joined him for the Ethiop ia SPS project because of their expertise in implementi ng pa- Proposals for tient-focused pharmace improving Ethiopia’s ph utical care models in com armacy munity system are con and hospital practices in tinuing to move forwa the United States. rd. Most recently, students and fac ulty members from the While in Ethiopia, they Jimma University Schoo conducted five days of l of Pharmacy helped training up for almost 40 pharmacy date a Parliament pro and healthcare represent clamation about the atives, role including faculty memb student pharmacists pla ers, students and dea y in residencies. ns fro m four Ethiopian schools of pharmacy, governme nt offi- The UW fac cials from Ethiopia’s equ ulty members plan to ivalent of the Food and continue Drug to work with Administration, and the the Ethiopian pharmaci president of the Ethiop sts via ian teleconferencing Pharmacy Association. , e-mail and conferenc e calls during the next two yea rs of the SPS grant. In Ethiopia, a number They hope to help them of government regulatio implement ever-more ns pre- cha vent pharmacists from nges, thereby improvin providing basic services g health outcomes such as for blood pressure tests or Ethiopian Ethiopians. vaccinations. Given the limited books th pharmacy traine healthcare resources in es show a this east African nation Odegard t UW pharmacy , phar, second professo fr

third from om left, a n pharmaci left, delivered on d Don sts, who b raised th ehalf of books. e funds to

n (UW) School of a warm welcome Odegard is fourth ninth from the right from the right.

w off th e te ors Peg xtgy nald Dow S. nin f UW stu g, de o donate nt the

Honduras when certain of alternative therapies arph t den stu and ome short in the field University of Maryl ently medications bec rec s wa se ane Alb m did just that. Oral antimacist Willia iversity and Albanese Un te Sta n the new Pen the by invited agents rapidly became ernational net- fungal int an topical e, en gad wh s Bri al ion dic ect Me standard for inf r tee un vol and bs clu ted; older heartburn work of university ping cream was exhaus elo dev to vel tra t tha s organization was given out when the lthcare, medication hea ter bet of d supplies nee in countries proton pump inhibitor iversity’s stu- newer un ir ramine the hyd y pan hen om dip acc and to depleted; ssion to Hon- were stantly con s wa g sin dents on a medical mi do (Benadryl) e the dat mo om duras. being changed to acc being n tha her ient rat ple of Hondu- sleep-weary pat of an d nee Mired in poverty, the peo in e eon e nations dispensed to som tsid ou m fro p hel me ras welco its population anti-histamine. as more than half of m any medical of the trip, Albanese lives over 20 miles fro ru- At the conclusion the gst on at am s wa It . professional observe the curriculum American was able to al ntr of l Ce s oo thi Sch of and es ryl lsid ral hil iversity of Ma pices of a local the Un he aus ion the act h der eac un y, in ntr nt cou acy inhere s able to uti- Pharm doctor, that Albanese wa d while in Honduras. me for per . skill set lize the full extent of his blood, sweat and tears ived in “For all of the arr ts ts den stu of m tea When the gh as students, the patien und run- we go throu gro the the p hit y rea the to ue pa, tin gal Teguci nduras will con night, medica- of Ho studies.� ning. During the first ts of our well-rounded efi ben en im reg o int ed kag tions were pac els written in specific dosing and lab each bag. EvSpanish were affixed to easy-to-move o erything was packed int lessons were te inu t-m suitcases and las of certain medgiven for those unsure guage. ical information and lan up completed For three days, the gro on that inssi mi a rigorous medical 0 patients 50 ly gh rou cluded screening re, dispensing for high blood pressu providing 4,132 prescriptions and 30,000 multivitamins. acy for the As director of pharm ickly make qu to had trip, Albanese on the ges han erc int ic therapeut gnodia a spot after being given are ts den Stu sis from the doctors. ge led ow kn ir the taught to use

University of

Maryland

Country: Honduras

feature story

Faculty and Students Mentor the Future Leaders of Pharmacy From coast to coast, colleges and schools of pharmacy are getting involved in their local communities to launch programs that promote careers in the health sciences to children of all ages. In the second of a two-part series, Academic Pharmacy Now features more programs at member schools across the country that are undoubtedly inspiring the next generation of pharmacy practitioners, scientists and educators.

Tools You Can Use Looking for new and inventive ways to promote science education in K-12 classrooms? The National Academies Press (NAP) publishes more than 200 books a year on a wide range of topics in science, engineering and health, capturing the most authoritative views on important issues in science and health policy. Many titles are available in electronic Adobe PDF format. Hundreds of these books can be downloaded for free by the chapter or the entire book, while others are available for purchase. To learn more about NAPs classroom resources, visit its Web site at www.nap.edu.

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academic Pharmacy now  Apr/May/Jun 2010

Project HOPE student interns participate in a pharmacy workshop led by University of Washington student pharmacists in 2009.

University of the Pacific, Washington State University, The University of Arizona With the goal of improving science education in grades K-12, three schools of pharmacy partnered to demonstrate that student pharmacists can be effective at teaching elementary schoolchildren some basic science principles.

Literacy: Service Learning,” puts Pharm.D. students in the classroom to teach health information to kids. Lindsey has taught the seminar-style elective for five semesters; 32 Pharm.D. students have completed the course.

Judi S. Wilson, director of science education in the San Joaquin County Office of Education in Stockton, Calif., initially thought to call on retired health professionals to teach the science lessons until she talked with Dr. James W. Blankenship, professor of pharmacology and toxicology at the University of the Pacific Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy, who suggested using student pharmacists.

“We started by forming strong partnerships with several K-12 schools,” Lindsey said. “We collaborated with the UA College of Education outreach director and a retired teacher for help with choosing schools with a service learning, health or science focus.”

With a national Science Education Partnership Award they developed HealthWISE, a program of science lessons for students in the second and fifth grades, which was created by modifying existing elementary school curriculum. When it came time to field test the program, Blankenship called upon former colleague Dr. Raymond M. Quock, chair of the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences at the Washington State University College of Pharmacy, and professional colleague Marti Lindsey, outreach director at The University of Arizona (UA) College of Pharmacy. Lindsey’s brainchild, an elective course titled “Health

Through a combination of in-class lectures, homework readings, presentations to and interactions with the K-12 students, the student pharmacists who took the elective improved their health communication skills, while the K-12 students found new interests and potential career paths. The schoolchildren benefit from exposure to hands-on science lessons with student pharmacists who tend to have more science expertise than many elementary school teachers. The elementary students who participated were tested on their knowledge before and after their lessons, and their scores were higher on the post-tests, according to pharmacy professors who supervised the field tests at their schools.

Touro College of Pharmacy–New York The mission of Touro College of Pharmacy (TCP) in New York’s Harlem reflects a commitment to providing unique educational and professional opportunities to its students while fostering enthusiasm amongst its students and faculty to provide healthcare-related education to Harlem’s growing yet underserved populace. One way TCP works to fulfill this mission is by participating in health science programs designed for children and adolescents who range from grades pre-K –12. Various schools throughout the surrounding neighborhoods have been involved in these programs, notably the Bronx High School for Medical Sciences. With increasing rates of childhood obesity in New York City, TCP has worked to contribute to the efforts of Project Aspire, a public health initiative of the Children’s Health Education Program. This health initiative motivates students of all ages to pursue healthcare professions in pharmacy and medicine. The program also serves to spread awareness and encourage students to make healthy lifestyle choices and bring these teaching points to their friends and family.

The Harlem Hospital/National Stroke Association’s Hip Hop Stroke program did so by teaching the students a rap song whose lyrics identified the signs and symptoms of stroke. Other educational points included a focus on nutrition, diabetes and the prevention of heart disease. Throughout the year, TCP faculty members contribute to the events of Project Aspire by providing pertinent education on prescription and over-the-counter medications as well as label literacy information. TCP is also involved in an elective class titled “Pharmacy and Medicine,” offered to students at George Washington High School in Harlem with the purpose of promoting education in the community. Fundamental concepts in pharmacology and general disease state management are introduced in this course in an attempt to inspire interest in pharmaceutical sciences and the pharmacy profession.

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University of Maryland

feature story A Bridge to Academic Excellence (ABAE) was formed in 2000 as a collaborative community service program between the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy and other graduate schools on the University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB) campus. Its goal is to improve learning outcomes in math, science and SAT tests in elementary, middle and high school students through tutoring and mentoring. The free program also enhances the students’ interest in the professions of pharmacy, dentistry, law, medicine, physical therapy, nursing, social work and other science and technology careers, and hopes to increase the number of applicants from urban areas to the School of Pharmacy and other UMB schools. Tutoring sessions are held at the School of Pharmacy for two hours most Saturday mornings from late September to early May. ABAE provides tutoring in algebra I and II, calculus,

Diana Chan, a student pharmacist from the Class of 2010, works with a local high school student as part of the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy’s A Bridge to Academic Excellence program.

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geometry, trigonometry, chemistry, biology, English/writing, and SAT verbal and math. Participants receive group and one-on-one tutoring. Students participating in ABAE receive academic information and clarification of learning concepts from the tutors, while gaining important insights on career choices and advanced educational opportunities in science, technology, engineering, math and medicine. Additionally, ABAE provides free breakfast and transportation from high schools in Baltimore city and Baltimore County. It also has a parent program that focuses on financing a college education, as well as a spring career fair. Since the program’s inception, the UMB tutors have helped more than 525 students from over 68 middle and high schools in Baltimore city and the Baltimore/Washington metro area.

feature story

The University of Washington (UW) offers local K-12 students a broad selection of programs to inspire them to pursue careers in math and science. They range from one-time, on-campus programs to long-term initiatives formed with Washington state schools. These programs seek to make science accessible to as many young people as possible — especially those from populations traditionally underrepresented in the sciences.

University of Washington

One popular program for area high school students is UW’s annual Math Day. During Math Day, School of Pharmacy professors and students give presentations on how math is used in the pharmacy profession and discuss career opportunities. Their lesson on how to create hair gel is always a hit. Two other on-campus programs, U-DOC and Project HOPE (Health Occupation Preparation Experience), provide educational opportunities for underserved or disadvantaged high school students. U-DOC is a three-week program in which attendees learn about health careers—including pharmacy and the pharmaceutical sciences—and life on a university campus. Project HOPE offers students summer internships at healthcare facilities, including the UW Medical Center. Interns placed at the UW Medical Center also attend pharmacy workshops led by Pharm.D. candidates. A program that reaches out to even younger students—the Community Health Advancement Program (CHAP)—allows UW student pharmacists to mentor children at a Seattle middle school. They regularly meet with English-as-a-second language students at the school to talk about healthy lifestyle choices, ranging from self-image to anti-smoking.

University of Washington (UW) School of Pharmacy K-12 programs seek to make science accessible to as many young people as possible—especially those from populations traditionally underrepresented in the sciences. Project HOPE offers students summer internships at healthcare facilities, including the UW Medical Center. Interns placed at the UW Medical Center also attend pharmacy workshops led by Pharm.D. candidates.

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University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Dr. Carla Y. White Harris, clinical assistant professor at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) Eshelman School of Pharmacy, was wrapping up a career day presentation for 76 third- and fourth-grade students and asked if they wanted to know more about pharmacy and if they would tell their parents about the presentation. One child leapt to his feet and declared, “I am going to be a pharmacist!” Several more followed, then someone began to chant, “I want to be a pharmacist,” which was quickly picked up by the entire assembly. “Getting 8-year-olds excited about pharmacy is one thing. Maintaining that interest for 10 more years is another,” said White Harris. In an effort to increase the size and diversity of the pool of students applying to North Carolina’s pharmacy schools and to recruit, retain and develop the next generation of pharmacy leaders, the UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy created an Office of Recruitment and Diversity Initiatives nearly three years ago with White Harris at its head.

Above: High school students try their hand at making lollipops in the compounding lab of the UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy during an open-house event. Right: High school students learn to use (and spell and pronounce) a sphygmomanometer at the UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy during an open-house event.

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White Harris took to the road, visiting nearly 150 elementary, middle and high schools during the past two years. She met students who, despite their efforts to maintain an air of coolness, were easily engaged with hands-on activities. The school works closely with many existing programs on campus to spread the idea of pursuing an education in pharmacy to different groups of students. Several open houses for high school students are held each year and often stretch beyond the allotted time as students and parents seek more information. To assist in the school’s recruitment efforts, White Harris created an ambassador program comprising more than 130 students, faculty and alumni who participated in 185 recruitment events that have focused on high school students. The ambassadors make possible initiatives such as the LEAD program (Leadership, Excellence, and Development) that brings high school students to the UNC campus for hands-on experiences in pharmacy practice and education, and face-to-face discussions with practitioners and scientists.

feature story How many high school sophomores does it take to compound PLO? One student per syringe…with a little help from their mentors at Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) School of Pharmacy. Sophomores at Cosby High School in Midlothian, Va., have an interesting and potentially rewarding opportunity in the school’s Health Science Specialty Center. Since the center was established in 2007, its teachers and administrators have worked closely with VCU faculty to offer programs for students who want to prepare for and pursue careers in the healthcare industry. Beginning in spring 2008, each of the university’s medical campus schools have offered modules as part of an annual course coordinated by Seth Leibowitz, director of pre-health sciences advising for VCU University College, and Donna Jackson, director of outreach for VCU School of Medicine. The course includes in-class exercises, lectures and lab experiences for the high-school students. The pharmacy module consists of didactic and experiential approaches to educating students about the role of pharmacists in healthcare. During the most recent pharmacy module this spring, 88 teens learned everything from how to use drug information resources to compounding the formula for pluronic lecithin organogel (aka bug-bite gel) to dispensing “drugs” (Skittles) to administering medication to patient simulator SimMan and observing his reactions. School of Pharmacy associate professor Dr. Rollin L. Ballentine, assistant professors Drs. J. Tyler Stevens and Laura A. Morgan and several Pharm.D. students were on hand to lecture and/or assist.

Virginia Commonwealth University Above: A Cosby High School student prepares PLO. Right: Dr. Rollin L. Ballentine, associate professor at Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) School of Pharmacy, and Dr. J. Tyler Stevens, assistant professor at VCU School of Pharmacy, prepare for Cosby students.

When Cosby students enter the program, Leibowitz said, “They think they’re interested in one thing…and then it changes.” More than 90 percent of the students who have participated in the program say it has had an impact on their career choice. “You can see how much they’re getting out of it…much more than if they were sitting in on a lecture,” Leibowitz said.

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Simulation in Pharmacy Education is the Real Thing

The NASCO Life/form Blood Pressure Simulators, used at the University of Connecticut School of Pharmacy, allow student pharmacists to practice taking varying blood pressure and pulse measurements to help prepare them for real-life scenarios with patients.

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olleges and schools of pharmacy across the country are utilizing simulations in the education and training of their student pharmacists. Simulation-based learning allows students to apply their clinical knowledge in a simulated, controlled setting that ensures patient safety. It also helps alleviate the pressure on schools to seek out experiential education site resources in what some educators say is a nationwide preceptor shortage. The use of simulation in a student pharmacist’s introductory pharmacy practice experience (IPPE) has generated a national discussion. The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) Standards 2007 state that “introductory pharmacy practice experiences must involve actual practice experiences in community and institutional settings” and as a result, some schools must find additional practice sites for their students, increase the number of students at an IPPE site or increase the number of hours students spend in certain settings. Katherine Lin, a student pharmacist on an advanced pharmacy practice experience elective rotation at ACPE, conducted a project that involved researching possible uses of simulation in an IPPE program. Her research included a literature analysis on simulation within pharmacy, other healthcare professions and outside healthcare, as well as interviews with faculty within pharmacy, medicine and nursing. A growing body of evidence that supports the use of simulation training in IPPE requirements, which includes Lin’s paper, has led ACPE to initiate a developmental process in which an ACPE working group, along with consultation with other stakeholders, will define the attributes and parameters of appropriate simulation experiences for IPPEs. While ACPE continues to analyze the use of simulation as part of the IPPE requirement, AACP member institutions are ready to take simulated learning to the next level in pharmacy education. Whether it is a virtual clean room, the use of standardized patients, or interprofessional simulation labs, this issue of Academic Pharmacy Now highlights the schools that are at the forefront of simulation-assisted learning.

The simulator arm at the University of Connecticut School of Pharmacy allows the students…to elicit a blood pressure that is typed into the system so it can be more realistic to what they would see in a clinical setting, like someone who has hypertension or may be undergoing a hypertensive emergency, for example, explained Dr. Effie L. Kuti, assistant professor of pharmacy practice who coordinates the introduction to clinical practice course.

University of Connecticut The University of Connecticut (UConn) School of Pharmacy has improved its education and training of blood pressure testing by implementing four NASCO Life/form Blood Pressure Simulators into its patient assessment laboratories. These apparatuses allow student pharmacists to practice taking varying blood pressure and pulse measurements to help prepare them for real-life scenarios with patients. Dr. Effie L. Kuti, an assistant professor of pharmacy practice who coordinates the introduction to clinical practice course at the UConn School of Pharmacy, said that the use of the simulator arm expands students’ practice of blood pressure and pulse testing because it provides them with a wider range of results with which they can familiarize themselves. With the use of a simulator arm, students are able to gain experience and learn what to do in the event that blood pressure results are abnormal. In each lab session, instructors input the numbers that they want their students to read to ensure that the students gain practice with a wide range of results. Without these kinds of variations, Dr. Kuti said, students could almost guess the numbers that a blood pressure test would yield, which would hinder their learning and familiarization with this essential aspect of patient assessment. This machine contains other perks as well. Not only does it allow students to practice testing heart rate, but it can also mimic an auscultatory gap, an interval of pressure where Korotkoff sounds indicating true systolic pressure fade away and reappear at a lower pressure point during the manual measurement of blood pressure.

Dr. Steven R. Abel, assistant dean for clinical programs in the Purdue University School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, points out features of the virtual clean room to students navigating the immersive environment. The virtual clean room was modeled from hundreds of digital pictures taken at real hospital pharmacy clean rooms.

Purdue University

The University of Iowa

Cost and limited availability of pharmacy clean rooms—sterile environments where pharmacists prepare materials that need to be guaranteed contamination-free—make it difficult for students to gain experience in such a facility.

The University of Iowa uses simulation in training and educating student pharmacists with Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs). Widely used in medicine since the 1990s, the OSCE format consists of multiple self-contained or sequenced stations, each requiring the candidates to perform a specified task or series of tasks. These stations require the candidate to demonstrate both clinical knowledge and communication skills.

But thanks to a Purdue University project, it is now easier for students to train in proper clean-room procedures using a flight simulator-like virtual version. The 3-D immersive environment was created from hundreds of digital photos of actual hospital clean rooms and even includes ambient sound recorded in those facilities. Virtual clean room exercises include identifying appropriate drug products for accurate preparation of medications, medication safety exercises that include look-a-like/sound-a-like medication names and/or unapproved abbreviations, and patient case discussions. More specifically, students are asked to locate IV compatibility information, provide recommendations regarding IV bag concentration and infusion rates, and perform clinical assessment of patients with electrolyte abnormalities requiring replacement with high-alert medications. The virtual clean room is not perfect—and that’s by design. A pop can was added to a refrigerator for medicines, some empty cardboard boxes along a wall, improperly stored syringes, misplaced medicine bottles and other clean room no-nos. Dr. Steven R. Abel, assistant dean for clinical programs in the Purdue University School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, said the idea is to help teach proper clean-room procedures by having students identify improper items included in the virtual environment.

Specifically, OSCEs use standardized patients who are given a script or a precise role to play. The simulated patient meets with the student pharmacists for a predetermined medication therapy counseling session. Students are then evaluated in two distinct ways: how they interact and communicate with the patient, and their response to the information they collect using clinical decision-making skills and documentation. Communication assessments are performed by the simulated patient while a clinical faculty member evaluates the student’s medication therapy recommendation and documentation. A second way College of Pharmacy students are using simulation training is just getting underway. The Pharmacy Practice Lab faculty has developed a virtual community pharmacy, using an online course management system, a pharmacy computer system and an active imagination. Student pharmacists log on to the system and are guided through various community pharmacy scenarios. Examples of patient interactions include recommendation for selfcare, counseling on prescriptions and lifestyle recommendations, and making clinical recommendations to primary care providers.

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University of Minnesota University of Minnesota student pharmacists participate in a multidisciplinary Disaster 101 Workshop that is designed for health science students in pharmacy, public health, medicine, nursing and dentistry. Disaster 101 is used to assess the effectiveness of live simulations for teaching emergency response skills. The skills emphasized in the didactic and simulation portions of the workshop correspond to national standards and best practices in individual and team response.

The Disaster 101 Workshop at the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy is used to assess the effectiveness of live simulations for teaching emergency response skills. The skills emphasized in the didactic and simulation portions of the workshop correspond to national standards and best practices in individual and team response.

University of Maryland At the University of Maryland, student pharmacists also utilize Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs), which provide them a taste of a real clinical situation that typifies the pharmacist’s expanding role as the most accessible member of the healthcare team. “The rationale for implementing OSCE was its ability to emphasize the ‘how’ and ‘what’ that students do, as opposed to emphasizing only what they know, the latter of which can be tested by a written exam,” said Dr. Deborah A. Sturpe, associate professor of pharmacy practice and science, who spearheads OSCE development and implementation efforts at the school. The school designed, built and commissioned a 10-room, state-of-theart OSCE suite, with its first use in February 2010. During an OSCE, students perform a series of specific clinical tasks within a specified time at each of several stations. Each exam room is equipped with sophisticated audio and video monitoring, and faculty can observe activities in all ten rooms from a control room located within the OSCE suite or from their office or home computer. When the facility is used to assess students, an examiner—a faculty member, outside expert or the standardized patient—scores the student’s performance during each station using a checklist that clearly specifies the evaluation criteria. Dr. Magaly Rodriguez de Bittner, professor and chair of the Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science at the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, uses audio and video equipment to monitor student interactions with standardized patients during Objective Structure Clinical Examinations (OSCEs).

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The workshop begins with a 90-minute didactic session to orient students to both the content and the logistics of the simulation. Students are assigned to multiprofessional teams, but are not assigned profession-specific roles.

As in real emergencies, students are called upon to identify the nature of the emergency, identify a leader and respond based on their skills sets, rather than their professional affiliation. Trained facilitators – emergency physicians, EMTs and paramedics – observe, evaluate and give feedback to each team. Student teams then practice their new skills following the feedback and experience more than one kind of clinical challenge relevant to each simulated emergency. The goal of the simulation is for students to take the skills that they learn in this experience and apply them in their clinical education as they complete their professional training and move into the healthcare workforce.

Ohio Northern University

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Throughout pharmacy education, students are presented with patient cases that are typically “static” in that they are on paper and require assimilation of the subjective, objective, assessment, and plan (SOAP) approach. Although the SOAP allows for a snapshot of the patient’s care, this approach serves as a viable advance to introduce students to initial and more complicated patient scenarios. With the above in mind, faculty at the Ohio Northern University (ONU) Raabe College of Pharmacy developed an Internet-based software program that could facilitate the presentation of “Longitudinal Outpatient Cases” (LOC), focusing on a system that could actually be used in the community by real patients to self-manage their disease states. Ecivon was developed with the dual purpose of providing LOCs and giving the students a tool that they could offer to patients and apply directly as they entered the profession. Ecivon utilizes simulations in pharmacy education by putting the student in the position of managing a patient and following that patient in a community/ambulatory pharmacy setting. Students enrolled in this elective are assigned the role as the pharmacists, while other students outside of the course are assigned the roles of the patient or physician. The patient follows a script that challenges their colleague, the pharmacist, to identify the need for intervention, recommend treatment and monitoring, as well as respond to patient questions. Students learn to utilize the information provided through Ecivon to create an outpatient hard-copy chart that allows for continuous documentation of patient care.

The Colleges of Pharmacy and Medicine at The Ohio State University teamed up to create an active-learning simulation to drive home the concept of medication adherence. Dr. Michael S. Langan, an internal medicine physician and assistant professor of medicine and collaborator on this project commented, “Physicians often forget how complicated medication regimens are when we prescribe them. We wanted a hands on experience for our students so they could better appreciate how difficult it can be to incorporate medication therapy into daily life.”

The Ohio State University Earlier this year, the Colleges of Pharmacy and Medicine at The Ohio State University teamed up to create an active-learning simulation to drive home the concept of medication adherence. More than 550 student pharmacists and medical students participated in the activity in which they adhered to a complex placebo “medication” regimen. To make this activity possible, first-year student pharmacists were responsible for filling and labeling five medication vials with empty gelatin capsules. The first-year students worked together to fill more than 1,600 “prescriptions.” Students then filled paper bags with a set of prescriptions and a patient education handout. The “medications” were dispensed by third-year student pharmacists to second-year pharmacy and medical students; half of the medical students were counseled by student pharmacists on their new prescription. For a six-day period, the pharmacy and medical students attempted to adhere to the five-medication regimen and record their adherence and observations. The second-year student pharmacists were also required to write a reflective paper on the experience, while medical students shared their experiences in small classroom discussions. “We were very excited to have the opportunity to create a learning activity that incorporated both simulation and interprofessional education,” said Dr. Katherine A. Kelley, assistant dean for assessment in the College of Pharmacy and collaborator on the project. “We look forward to future collaborations between the Colleges of Pharmacy and Medicine at Ohio State.”

Faculty at the Ohio Northern University (ONU) Raabe College of Pharmacy developed an Internet-based software program that could facilitate the presentation of “Longitudinal Outpatient Cases” (LOC), focusing on a system that could actually be used in the community by real patients to self-manage their disease states. Ecivon was developed with the dual purpose of providing LOCs and giving the students a tool that they could offer to patients and apply directly as they entered the profession.

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University of Pittsburgh

University of the Sciences in Philadelphia

Integration of simulation into the University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy curriculum begins in the student pharmacist’s first year and is emphasized throughout their professional education. In the first year, the school displays a simulated case of a patient with metabolic acidosis and shows the pharmacist’s involvement in the therapy decisionmaking process at the bedside and the basic physiologic response to this imbalance.

As the role of today’s pharmacist grows and changes, Philadelphia College of Pharmacy (PCP) has made changes to prepare students for these and other real-life demands.

In the second professional year, Pitt’s use of simulation is used to expand communication skills, solidify basic science foundation of disease and therapy, and practice problem-solving/decisionmaking skills. During the third professional year, students can take the acute care pharmacotherapy simulation elective, in which all contact time for the course is in simulated patient care rounds. Dr. Susan M. Meyer, professor and associate dean for education, along with colleagues from the schools of medicine and nursing, are collaborating to address an important element of simulation training: colleague-with-colleague communication. In the standardized patient teaching model, an individual trained to act as a patient with specific symptoms, problems, emotions and other factors impacting care, portrays that role in a teaching situation with a health professions student to develop scenarios depicting interprofessional communication challenges using standardized colleagues. Supported by an Innovation in Education award from the Office of the Provost, the group has implemented five scenarios in the pharmacy and nursing curriculum in which the role of the physician is portrayed by a standardized colleague to represent authentic interprofessional interactions and communication.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy collaborates with the Peter M. Winter Institute for Simulation, Education, and Research (WISER) to utilize simulation across the pharmacy curriculum. The simulation software programmed by pharmacy faculty offers benefits for assessment of numerous curricular outcomes by allowing the facilitator opportunities to provide immediate feedback to students, documentation of decision-making processes, and the capability to vary each simulation based on individual student need without interfering with actual patient care.

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PCP’s newly remodeled, state-of-the-art Center for Advanced Pharmacy Studies (CAPS) laboratory offers interactive simulated training of situations that pharmacists encounter, promotes more active learning, maximizes various learning styles and fosters faculty-student relationships. The CAPS lab was remodeled to allow for a more interactive and learner-centered environment as well as to upgrade the technology used for teaching. The CAPS Simulation Lab includes MegaCode Kelly, plus control unit, a hospital bed and 35 MicroSim licenses, just to name a few of its many elements. MegaCode Kelly advanced life-support manikin with VitalSimTM Vital Signs Simulator is a high-tech, life-size training manikin, located in PCP’s acute patient care laboratory. This interactive system provides real-life simulations of advanced emergency hospital/pre-hospital experiences. The laboratory is also equipped with the MicroSim In-hospital Self-directed Learning System. It provides students the ability to interact with a computer-simulated healthcare team to practice therapeutic decision-making for a variety of therapeutic areas including asthma, chronic obstructive lung disease, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest and toxicology emergencies including aspirin and tricyclic overdose.

feature story

Dr. Brian Ross from the University of Washington (UW) School of Medicine, Dr. Peggy S. Odegard (left) from the UW School of Pharmacy and Dr. Brenda Zierler from the UW School of Nursing illustrate interprofessional communication in a simulation lab at UW. The simulators can portray a variety of illnesses and responses to drug therapy. They can even be cut into, bleed and tell healthcare workers to go away.

University of Washington In late 2008, the University of Washington (UW) Schools of Pharmacy, Medicine and Nursing received more than $1 million in grants to use high-tech simulation labs to address one of the biggest challenges in healthcare—interprofessional communication. They received a three-year, $990,000 grant from the Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation and a $250,000 grant from the Hearst Foundation to help train healthcare professionals to communicate more effectively with each other and with patients during challenging clinical situations. Investigators on this project have been working to create a simulation training program focused on interprofessional communication, leadership, mutual respect and collaboration between all healthcare workers. School of Pharmacy faculty members Drs. Peggy S. Odegard, Nanci L. Murphy and Dana

P. Hammer are co-investigators on the project, along with colleagues from medicine and nursing serving as co-PIs. The faculty members have been mapping out the different programs’ curriculums, determining at which stage in their education students have equivalent knowledge and competencies of basic clinical care. Further, they are working with interprofessional teams of students to develop clinical scenarios for simulation learning and skill assessment. This program uses simulation labs that already exist in the UW School of Medicine and School of Nursing. The simulators can portray a variety of illnesses and responses to drug therapy. They can even be cut into, bleed and tell healthcare workers to go away. This will be the first time students from these three disciplines at UW have collaborated in a simulated clinical setting.

Elective Course at UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy Simulates Patient Care and Interprofessional Teamwork At the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), a novel elective course has been developed by Dr. Kelly Scolaro of the UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, Carol Durham from the UNC School of Nursing, and Donald J. Woodyard from UNC School of Medicine. The course, Interprofessional Teamwork and Communication–Keys to Patient Safety, is open to medicine, pharmacy and nursing students. The course uses patient simulations to reinforce patient safety tips and team work skills such as TeamSTEPPS. A patient simulator (STAN) and live standardized patients are all utilized for students to practice 43 what they have learned.

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Call us today to discuss how your company can take advantage of this invaluable advertising opportunity in the most widely read pharmacy education magazine available! Contact Rebecca Morgan at 703-739-2330 x1032 or rmorgan@aacp.org.

faculty news

Faculty News Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences Appointments/Elections • Ray Chandrasekara has added of director of intercultural affairs and diversity to his responsibilities. • Clayton English, assistant professor of pharmacy practice, Vermont campus • Catherine Murphy, assistant professor of pharmacy practice, Vermont campus • David Kile, administrative director of the Research Institute for Health Outcomes and Graduate Programs in Social and Administrative Sciences, and instructor of pharmacy practice

Grants • Amit Pai has received a $237,665 grant from Hoffmann-La Roche, Inc. to study the pharmacokinetics of oseltamivir carboxylate in morbidly obese subjects.

Retirements

“Women of Distinction Leadership Award” sponsored by the Women’s Resource Center, Office of Diversity and Multicultural Affairs, Auburn University. • Laura Susan Cain has been recognized as a board certified pharmacotherapy specialist. • Elizabeth A. Flynn, Kenneth N. Barker, Bruce A. Berger, Kimberly Braxton Lloyd and P. David Brackett have been awarded the APhA-APRS Wiederholt Prize for 2010 for their 2009 paper on dispensing errors and counseling quality in 100 pharmacies, published in the Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. • Anna Solomon has been recognized as a board certified pharmacotherapy specialist. • Bradley Wright has been recognized as a board certified pharmacotherapy specialist.

Promotions • Muralikrishnan Dhanasekaran was promoted to associate professor with tenure. • Lea S. Eiland has been named an associate department head of pharmacy practice.

• Rinaldo (Ralph) V. DeNuzzo, professor of pharmacy practice, has retired from teaching after 58 years with ACPHS. He will continue to work for the college in the Office of Institutional Advancement.

University at Buffalo, The State University of New York

Auburn University

Awards

Appointments/Elections • Heather P. Whitley has been elected co-chair for the Alabama Obesity Task Force. • Heather P. Whitley and Gordon Sacks have been selected to participate in the Patient Safety and Clinical Pharmacy Services Collaborative (PSPC). • Weili Yan, assistant professor in pharmacal sciences

Awards

• Daniel A. Brazeau is the recipient of the University at Buffalo Celebration of Academic Excellence, 2010 Teaching Innovation Award. • Brian T. Tsuji received the Pfizer 2009 ASPIRE Young Investigator Award in Antibacterial Research.

Grants • Donald E. Mager is co-investigator in a $283,010 grant from the National Institutes of Health to study “Population Pharmacokinetics/Pharmacodynamics in Nonablative Stem Cell Recipients.”

• Kimberly Braxton Lloyd has been awarded the 2010

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faculty news

University of Cincinnati Grants • Karen A. Gregerson, Department of Defense, Breast Cancer Research Program, $375,000, “HumanCompatible Animal Models for Preclinical Research on Hormones in Breast Cancer”; and Center for Clinical and Translational Science and Training, $100,000, “Antidepressant Therapy in Breastfeeding Mothers.” • Pamela C. Heaton and Wayne F. Conrad, The Kroger Co., $200,000, “Health Outcomes in Community Pharmacy.” • Georg F. Weber, USAPRMP/Investigator Initiated Award, $706,500, “Molecular Signatures of Metastasis.”

Duquesne University Grants • Christianah M. Adeyeye, P.I., External Examiner, Sept. 23, 2009 to Sept. 27, 2009, University of Technology, Kingston, Jamaica, total grant: $2,500. • Christianah M. Adeyeye, P.I., Isothermal Stress Testing and Solid-state Conversion of Lamivudine Anhydrous to Hydrate in the Presence of Zidovudine, Nov. 8, 2009 to Nov. 12, 2009, AAPS Student (Fred Esseku) Travel Award Amount, total grant: $500. • Christianah M. Adeyeye, P.I., Development of an In-Situ Gellan Gum Hydrogel Drug Delivery System, Nov. 8, 2009 to Nov. 12, 2009, Amgen/AAPS Student (Uday Kotreka) Travel Award, total grant: $750. • Christianah M. Adeyeye, P.I., Development of Stability-Indicating Reversed Phase HPLC-UV Method for Simultaneous Determination of Antiretroviral Drugs in a Fixed Dose Combination (FDC) Pharmaceutical Formulation, Nov. 8, 2009 to Nov. 12, 2009, American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists, total grant: $750. • Christianah M. Adeyeye, P.I., Compression of tablets using Simulation and Rotary Press, Nov. 8, 2009 to

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Nov. 12, 2009, Specialty Measurements, Inc., total grant: $9,900. • Christianah M. Adeyeye, P.I., Pharsight License Key for WinNonLin Pro Node-Academic Teaching, Oct. 20, 2009 to Oct. 19, 2010, Pharsight Corporation, total grant: $2,475. • Hildegarde J. Berdine, P.I., Impact of the FRAX® Assessment on Physician and Patient Treatment Behavior, Feb. 1, 2010 to Oct. 30, 2010, Warner Chilcott, total grant: $15,812.50. • Lawrence H. Block, P.I., Preliminary Study of HPC. Period of Project, July 1, 2009 to Dec. 31, 2009, Nisso America, Inc., New York, NY, total grant: $7,560. • Jamie L. Kearns received the Community Pharmacists Clinical Intervention Project from the Pennsylvania Pharmacists Association (PPA) Educational Foundation. • M.D. Moore, P.I., and Peter L. Wildfong, A Materials Informatics Approach to the Prediction of Amorphous Solid Dispersion Potential, Sept. 1, 2009 – Dec. 31, 2009, American Foundation for Pharmaceutical Education, total grant: $3,000.

Hampton University Appointments/Elections • Ebony Andrews, assistant professor in the Department of Pharmacy Practice • Mikhail Bondarev, assistant professor in the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences • Beverly Hamilton, assistant dean of assessment and an associate professor in the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences • Anand Iyer, assistant professor in the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences • Randi M. Murphy, associate professor in the Department of Pharmacy Practice and director of the Drug Information Center • Jonathan Newsome, assistant professor in the Department of Pharmacy Practice

ion: Caut s at ber Mem rk Wo

faculty news Members Working For You

Chicago State University’s Interim Dean Appointed to the Illinois Board of Pharmacy

Dr. Miriam A. Mobley Smith, interim dean of the Chicago State University (CSU) College of Pharmacy, was appointed to the Illinois Board of Pharmacy by Gov. Pat Quinn for a term of four years. Dr. Mobley Smith is currently the only African American female on the nine-member Board. She has been working for the state of Illinois since 1995 and has received numerous awards over the years for her dedication in the field of pharmacy. “There continues to be an increasing demand for graduate pharmacists in traditional as well as new and emerging professional career paths,” said Dr. Mobley Smith. “Pharmacists, as some of the most highly respected members of the healthcare profession, have evolved from dispensers of medications to providers of healthcare services. The pharmacist’s ability to provide care for patients is professionally rewarding and provides an opportunity to improve the health of individuals as well as the community at large,” she added.

Dr. Mobley Smith’s priority in her career is to provide service to a global community and ensure that people in need benefit from medical contributions to the field of pharmacy. Some of her defining principles are to make certain that there are sound practices in the state of Illinois and that its citizens are protected. Dr. Mobley Smith is a native of Detroit and obtained her B.S. in pharmacy from the University of Michigan. Describing her work in pharmacy as a “journey,” Dr. Mobley Smith felt inspired to work with older adults after her great aunt died from a lethal overdose of Ibuprofen, a common over-the-counter drug. Dr. Mobley Smith’s persistence in pharmacy led her to the University of Illinois at Chicago where she obtained a master’s degree and later became the clinical assistant professor and coordinator of the academic program in the Department of Pharmacy.

AACP Gives Back to the Community On April 30, 2010, AACP staff sponsored and participated care facility. City of Alexandria Mayor William D. Euille paid a in the third annual Spring for Alexandria event near AACP visit to staff and lent a hand with the painting. headquarters in Alexandria, Va. “Spring for Alexandria provided AACP Assistant Director of Governance Programs and Meetings Spring for Alexandria, organized Melinda D. Colón (left) and Meetings Assistant Richelle D. Wilkins us an opportunity to get out of by Volunteer Alexandria, is a three(right) paint the day care facility at the Meade Memorial Episcopal the office and give back to the Church as part of the Spring for Alexandra volunteering event. day celebration of giving and comcommunity in which we work, eat, munity service, bringing together and to some, live,” said Richelle businesses, government agencies, D. Wilkins, AACP meetings asnon-profits and neighbors to honor sistant and team leader for the Alexandria’s proud philanthropic project. “It was a great experitradition and ensure it continues to ence and not only served as a thrive. way for us to do something for The community service day started Alexandria, but it was a unique with the recognition of philanthropic opportunity for team-building.” community leaders at the Business After the event, all of the volunPhilanthropy Summit breakfast. At teers were provided a chance to the conclusion of the breakfast, volmeet one another at the Spring unteers were charged to give back for Alexandria Market Square to the city and have fun completCelebration. During the celebration, outstanding volunteers ing their projects. Armed with paint brushes, hedge clippers received prizes and listened to stories about the day’s service and shovels, AACP staff volunteered at the Meade Memorial activities while eating lunch provided by Harris Teeter. academic Pharmacy now  Apr/May/Jun 2010 47 Episcopal Church, gardening and painting the church’s day

faculty news

• Ayman M. Noreddin, associate professor and chairman in the Department of Pharmacy Practice • Candace Sampson, assistant professor in the Department of Pharmacy Practice • Shabnam N. Sani, assistant professor in the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences • Monique White, assistant professor in the Department of Pharmacy Practice

Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine Appointments/Elections • Fallon Enfinger, associate professor • Naushad K. Ghilzai, editorial advisor board member for the Journal of Therapeutic Delivery • Lakhu Keshvara, associate professor • Dolores A. Kutzer, associate professor • Michael M. Madden, associate professor • Stephanie Peshek, associate professor

(ASHP) Harvey A.K. Whitney Award.

Grants • Rhonda M. DeHoff has been awarded an American College of Clinical Pharmacy Research Institute Bioanalytical Grant to help support analysis of clinical samples derived from her earlier NIH award on the metabolic effects of antihypertensive drugs. This award is an in-kind grant estimated at $50,000 for bioanalytical services stipend support. • Hartmut C. Derendorf and Michael Bewernitz received a two-year $62,500 interdisciplinary CTSI grant. • Taimour Y. Langaee received two-year CTSI grants totaling more than $175,000 for the Center for Pharmacogenomics. • Hendrik Luesch has received a grant totaling more than $1.2M from the National Institutes of Health/ National Cancer Institute to continue his research in “The Chemistry and Biology of Largazoles.” • W. Thomas Smith and David B. Brushwood received a one-year award totaling more than $56,600 from Cephalon, Inc., which supports research titled, Pharmacist Responsibility for Screening of Opioid Use in Non-Tolerant Patients.

• Chandan Thomas, associate professor

• Almut G. Winterstein has received a two-year, $482,000 award from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (ARHQ) titled: Comparative Safety and Effectiveness of Stimulants in Medicaid Youth with ADHD.

• Tatiana Yero, associate professor

Retirements

• Maryann Scholl, associate professor • Bojana Stevich, associate professor

University of Florida

• Dan Robinson, a professor in pharmacotherapy and translational research

Appointments/Elections

University of Maryland

• Hartmut C. Derendorf has been appointed to the editorial board of the British Journal of Pharmacology.

Appointments/Elections

• Carrie Haskell-Luevano has been appointed to the editorial advisory board of the Journal of Medicinal Chemistry until December 31, 2014.

• Cynthia J. Boyle was installed as a member-at-large on the American Pharmacists Association’s Academy of Pharmacy Practice and Management Executive Council.

Awards • Charles (Doug) Hepler has been awarded the 2010 American Society of Health-System Pharmacists

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• Lynette Bradley-Baker has been selected for participation in the 2010–2011 Network 2000 Women’s Mentoring program.

faculty news

• Andrew Coop has been appointed to the Board of Directors of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence. • Susan dosReis has been named an associate professor in the Department of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research. • Richard N. Dalby has been named associate dean of academic affairs. • Natalie D. Eddington has been appointed by Maryland Governor Martin O’Malley to the state’s Federal Facilities Advisory Board. • Zhong-xiang Jiang has been named a research assistant professor in the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences. • Daniel C. Mullins has been selected to serve a fouryear term as co-editor-in-chief of Value in Health, the official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). • Frank B. Palumbo has been named president-elect of the American Society for Pharmacy Law. • Meghan K. Sullivan has been named a member of the American Pharmacists Association’s New Practitioner Advisory Committee. • Kathryn A. Walker has been accepted into the MedStar Health Teaching Scholars program. • Jia Bei Wang has been named director of the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences’ graduate program.

Awards • Natalie D. Eddington has been named one of Maryland’s Top 100 Women by the Daily Record newspaper. • Stuart T. Haines received the Distinguished Achievement Award in Community and Ambulatory Practice from the American Pharmacists Association.

Grants • Kenneth S. Bauer received $10,561 from the IIT Research Institute for “A Pharmacokinetic Analysis of Resveratrol (compound A) and Pterstilbene (compound B).”

• Nicole J. Brandt received $40,000 from the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene for “Assisted Living Facilities, Pharmacy Services, and Medication Knowledge: Needs and Opportunities.” • Thomas C. Dowling received $110,691 from the Maryland Industrial Partnership for “Effect of chitosan gum on calcium and phosphate balance in ESRD patients.”

University of Maryland Eastern Shore Appointments/Elections • John Jordan, vice chair and associate professor, pharmacy practice • Dennis Killian, associate professor, pharmaceutical sciences • Miguel Martin, assistant professor, pharmaceutical sciences • Syreeta Tilghman, assistant professor, pharmaceutical sciences

University of Minnesota Awards • Marilyn K. Speedie is the selected recipient of the Grand Council of Kappa Epsilon Fraternity’s 2010 Career Achievement Award.

University of Missouri– Kansas City Appointments/Elections • Russell B. Melchert has been appointed dean of UMKC’s School of Pharmacy.

The University of Montana Grants • John J. Lawrence has been awarded $50,000 from the Epilepsy Foundation to study the Impact of Kv7

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faculty news

Channel Openers on GABAergic Networks. • Curtis W. Noonan was awarded $363,589 from the Mount Sinai School of Medicine for the Libby Epidemiology Research Program.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Grants • Katherine O’Neal, ASHP Foundation Pharmacy Resident Practice-Based Research Grant, $5,000, “An evaluation of health literacy preparedness within a chain community pharmacy environment.” Dr. Kimberly M. Crosby is the faculty advisor.

University of Pittsburgh

Grants

Appointments/Elections

• Stephen V. Frye, $873,000 over two years from the NIH, “Discovery of Small Molecule MBT Domain Antagonists.”

• Brian A. Potoski was commissioned as a lieutenant in the U.S. Navy Reserves last summer, completed Direct Commission Officer School in January and currently serves in the Navy’s Medical Service Corps.

• Angela D. M. Kashuba, $100,000 from the National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases, “Preventing HIV Infection in Women: Targeting Antiretrovirals to Mucosal Tissues.” • Andrew L. Lee, $97,556 from the NIH, “Dynamic Networks and Mechanisms of Allosteric Communication in Proteins.” • Rihe Liu, $59,950 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, “Identification of the Interactome of Methylated Histones from Human Proteome.” • Mary F. Paine, $342,592 from the National Institutes of Health, “Mechanisms Underlying Drug-Diet Interaction.” • Alexander Tropsha, $730,789; National Institute of General Medical Services, NIH; “Predictive QSAR Modeling.”

Promotions • Timothy J. Ives, professor

Retirements • Boka W. Hadzija, professor

The University of Oklahoma Awards • H. Anne Pereira received patent no. 7,655,480 on Feb. 2, 2010. Title of patent: “Method for predicting sepsis or an acute infectious inflammatory response.”

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• Amy L. Seybert has been appointed interim chair of the Department of Pharmacy and Therapeutics. • Wen Xie was invited to serve on the editorial board of Molecular Endocrinology.

Awards • Randall B. Smith was selected by the executive board of the school’s American Pharmacists Association’s Academy of Student Pharmacists as the 2009 Faculty Member of the Year. • Robert J. Weber was selected as one of the 2010 recipients of the Jack L. Beal Post-baccalaureate Alumni Award, sponsored by The Ohio State University College of Pharmacy and the OSU College of Pharmacy Alumni Society.

Grants • Levent Kirisci received $677,090 from the National Institutes of Health for “Quantifying and Tracking Risk for Substance Use Disorder.” • Dexi Liu received $1,730,566 from the National Institutes of Health for “Computer-Assisted Hydrodynamic Gene Delivery for Hemophilia Gene Therapy.” • Xiang Qun Xie received $1,650,020 from the National Institutes of Health for “Structure/Function of the CB2 Receptor Binding and G-protein Recognition Pockets.” • Ralph E. Tarter received $10,081,627 from the National Institutes of Health for “Drug Abuse Vulnerability: Mechanisms and Manifestations.”

faculty news

University of Puerto Rico Appointments/Elections • Wanda T. Maldonado, acting dean • Frances M. Rodriguez, acting chair, Department of Pharmacy Practice • Edna Almodóvar, acting associate dean for academic affairs

Purdue University Appointments/Elections • Eric L. Barker has been elected to a three-year term as secretary-treasurer for the Neuropharmacology Division of the American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. • Val J. Watts and Eric L. Barker have both been appointed as associate editors for Pharmacological Reviews.

Awards • James E. Tisdale has been elected as a Fellow in the American Pharmacists Association. He has also been selected to receive the Excellence in Leadership Award from the Indiana College of Clinical Pharmacy.

Grants • Donald E. Bergstrom received $184,181 from Coferon, Inc. for “Generation of Molecular Designs Directed Towards the Development of Antiviral Compounds.” • Richard F. Borch received $10,000 from the Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt for “09/10 Embassy of Arab Republic of Egypt Government.” • Stephen R. Byrn received $62,000 from the National Institute for Pharmaceutical Technology & Education for “In Vivo-In Vitro Correlation: Development of Dissolution Method Strategies with In Vivo-In Vitro Correlation for Mutation of Poorly Soluble Compounds.” • Stephen R. Byrn received $25,000 from Pfizer Inc. • M. Teresa Carvajal received $50,000 from Hoffmann-LaRoche Inc. for “Fundamental Investigation

Unraveling API Material Properties and Tuning for Milling Purdue Graduate Student Research Agreement.” • Vincent J. Davisson received $50,000 from Millipore for “Quantitative Direct Detection of Low Copy Number RNA/DNA Sequences by SERRS Technology.” • Robert L. Geahlen received $275,445 from the PHSNIH National Cancer Institute for “Syk and Associated Proteins in Breast Cancer.” • Robert L. Geahlen and Marietta L. Harrison received $218,537 from PHS-NIH National Cancer Institute for “Tyrosine Protein Kinases and Lymphocyte Activation.” • Robert L. Geahlen received $25,197 from PHS-NIH National Cancer Institute for “Syk and Associated Proteins in Breast Cancer.” • Douglas J. LaCount received $31,446 from the University of Notre Dame for “Yeast Two-Hybrid Analysis of Plasmodium Falciparum.” • Carol A. Ott received $15,000 from The University of Texas for “Multi-State Medicaid Analysis: Comparative Economic Efficiency of Atypical Anti-Psychotics (AAPs) at Clinically Efficacious Doses.” • Brian R. Overholser received $138,215 from PHSNIH National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute for “Probing the Atrial Arrhythmogenic Substrate with Sustained Adrenergic Stimulation.” • Carol B. Post received $222,160 from PHS-NIH National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases for “Protein Stability and Antiviral Activity in Human Rhinovirus.” • Daniel T. Smith received $55,000 from the Clinton Foundation HIV/AIDS Initiative for “Bioavailability of Protease Inhibitors in Rats.” • Lynne S. Taylor received $956,940 from Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey for “Engineering Research Center on Structural Organic Composits.” • Joseph Thomas III received $21,979 from the Rehabilitation Hospital of Indiana for “Outcomes and Perceived Needs Among Individuals with TBI and SCI in Indiana.” • Elizabeth M. Topp received $80,000 from the

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faculty news

PhRMA Foundation for “Post Doc-PhRMA Foundation Grant.” • Yoon Yeo received $25,000 from the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists for “AAPS New Investigator Grant.”

University of Rhode Island Grants • Anne L. Hume and Norma J. Owens were awarded $384,144 from NIH for the “RI Geriatric Education Center.” • E. Paul Larrat and Rita Marcoux were awarded $585,753 from RI Department of Corrections for “RIDOC-Pharmacy Management Program.” • Rita Marcoux and E. Paul Larrat were awarded $251,000 from the RI State Legislature for “Medication Outreach Programs.” • Keykavous Parang was awarded $18,000 from Brown University for “Synthesis and development of novel neuroprotective drugs.” • Zahir A. Shaikh was awarded $1,281,537 from NIH for “RI Network for excellence in biomedical and behavioral research.” • Angela L. Slitt was awarded $107,616 from NIH for “Role of NRF2 during cholestasis and gallstone formation.” She was also awarded $485,226 from NIH for “Effect of nutritional status on MRP2 expression and biliary excretion of bisphenol A.” • Bingfang Yan was awarded $102,935 from NIH for “Signaling of the pregnane X receptor.” He was also awarded $261,967 from Hoffman-LaRoche for “Bioactivation of anti-viral agent oseltamivir.”

Samford University Appointments/Elections • Kimberly W. Benner was recently appointed to the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) Item Writing Board. • Mary R. Monk-Tutor was appointed to the mentoring committee of the Social and Administrative Sciences Section of AACP.

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• Bruce Waldrop was appointed to the NABP review committee: Foreign Pharmacy Graduate Equivalency Exam.

Awards • Jeffrey A. Kyle received board certification as a pharmacotherapy specialist. • Stephen R. Stricker received board certification as an oncology pharmacist. • Terri M. Wensel received board certification as a pharmacotherapy specialist.

University of the Sciences in Philadelphia Appointments/Elections • Lisa A. Lawson has been named dean at Philadelphia College of Pharmacy at the University of the Sciences in Philadelphia.

Southern Illinois University Edwardsville Grants • William Neumann is co-principal researcher for a $974,024 NIH grant to study ways of relieving chronic pain through new approaches in treating neuroinflammation. • Kenneth A. Witt is principal investigator for a $250,000 NIH grant to study the use of novel drugs to encourage the breakdown of amyloid beta accumulation associated with a reduction or reversal in the ability to learn as well as memory loss characteristic with Alzheimer’s.

The University of Tennessee Appointments/Elections • Bradley A. Boucher was appointed to the editorial board of Critical Care Research and Practice. • Shannon L. Finks has been appointed to the editorial board of the ACCP Pharmacotherapy Self Assessment Program.

faculty news

• William L. Greene was appointed as consultant to the FDA Office of Surveillance and Epidemiology, concentrating on drug safety and risk management.

Dudley Medal and Award from ASTM International, originally known as the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM).

• Mary V. Relling was recently named to the Institute of Medicine.

• Chad E. Tuckerman recently earned his certification as board certified pharmacotherapy specialist.

• Emma Tillman was selected as one of only two UT Health Science Center CTSI K12 Scholars, which will support intensive supervised research training and career development.

University of Washington

Awards

• Isabelle Ragueneau-Majlessi has joined the faculty of the Department of Pharmaceutics as clinical associate professor. She also became director of the School of Pharmacy’s Metabolism and Transport Drug Interaction Database.

• Roland N. Dickerson has been named the recipient of the ASHP Research and Education Foundation’s 2009 Award for sustained contributions to the literature of pharmacy practice. • Clinton Stewart was named a 2009 AAPS Fellow.

Texas A&M Health Science Center Awards • Indra K. Reddy recently received the APhA 2010 Research Achievement Award in the Pharmaceutical Sciences and was named an APhA Fellow by the Academy of Pharmaceutical Research and Science (APRS).

The University of Toledo Appointments/Elections

Appointments/Elections

Awards • Thomas A. Baillie has been elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry. • Peggy S. Odegard received the Outstanding Leadership Award for 2009 from the American Diabetes Association of Washington.

Grants • UW School of Pharmacy faculty members from all three departments received more than $3.75 million in stimulus funding through the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009. Recipients of the funding were: David R. Goodlett, Mary F. Hebert, Shiu-Lok Hu, Nina Isoherranen, Allan E. Rettie, Sean D. Sullivan, Kenneth E. Thummel, Jashvant D.Unadkat and Dave Veenstra.

• Todd Gundrum is one of the nine individuals selected to participate in the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists Research and Education Foundation’s 2009 Antithrombotic Pharmacotherapy Traineeship Program.

• Shiu-Lok Hu is part of a five-year, $15.5 million grant for “Strategies for Eliciting Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies against Conserved HIV-1 Quaternary Epitopes,” from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases under the HIV Vaccine Research and Design Program.

• Michael J. Peeters graduated from the American College of Clinical Pharmacy Academy Teaching and Learning Certificate Program in October 2009.

• Jashvant D. Unadkat received grant awards from Simcyp and Pfizer Inc. to support basic research on pharmacokinetic modeling and transporter biology.

Awards

• An award from the Life Sciences Discovery Fund has provided support for a new biophysical characterization laboratory directed by Bill Atkins and Carlos Catalano, professors of medicinal chemistry.

• Curtis D. Black is the 2010 recipient of the American Pharmacists Association (APhA) Merit Award. • Alan Riga recently received the prestigious Charles

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faculty news

Washington State University

Wilkes University

Appointments/Elections

Grants

• Joshua J. Neumiller, new associate editor, Diabetes Spectrum

• Daniel S. Longyhore, P.I., Kimberly Ference and Barbara Nanstiel received $10,000 from Wolters Kluwer Health for Facts & Comparisons Academic Partnership Program Advancement of Clinical Education Curriculum Grant.

• Grant D. Trobridge, new assistant professor, pharmaceutical sciences

Promotions • Margaret E. Black, professor

Emerging Schools

Awards • Mark Garrison, named Fellow of American College of Clinical Pharmacy • Gary G. Meadows, named Fellow of American Association for Advancement of Science

Wayne State University Appointments/Elections • Douglas A. Miller is co-editor of the second edition of Drug-Induced Diseases: Prevention, Management and Detection published by ASHP.

Saint Joseph College Appointments/Elections • Diane Dean, associate professor • Dalia Giedrimiene, professor • Diane Pacitti, assistant professor • Doreen Soldato, assistant professor • Mark Sweezy, assistant professor • Rajesh Vadlapatla, assistant professor

• Mary Beth O’Connell is an editor of a new book titled Women’s Health across the Lifespan: A Pharmacotherapeutic Approach. • Jesse C. Vivian is the author of Michigan Pharmacy Law: A Guide to the Statutes and Regulations, Fifth Edition, (February) 2010, Michigan Pharmacists Association, Lansing, Mich.

Remember to submit your Faculty News today! It’s fast and easy to make sure your college or school of pharmacy is featured in the Faculty News section of Academic Pharmacy Now. Visit the AACP Web site at www.aacp.org and complete the School News Submission Form on the News and Publications portion of the Web site.

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the last word

Faculty Vacancies in the Academy New Position Status

(as of Nov. 1, 2009)

Length of Position Vacancy Not reported 0.8% (3) >36 months 5% (18)

Existing position 54.8% (199)

New position 40.5% (147)

0–6 months 50.7% (184)

31–36 months 1.9% (7) 25–30 months 4.1% (15)

New position created by reallocating funds 4.7% (17)

7–12 months 18.7% (68)

19–24 months 9.1% (33) 13–18 months 9.6% (35)

Reason for Vacancy

a,b

Individual in position moved to a faculty position at another pharmacy college or school

43 20.1% 33 15.4%

Individual moved to a practice position in the healthcare private sector Other

32 15.0%

Individual in position retired

27 12.6%

Individual in position moved to a faculty position within the pharmacy college or school

14 6.5%

Individual moved to a position in pharmaceutical or biotechnology industry

13 6.1%

Individual in position moved to a faculty position in a non-pharmacy program

12 5.6%

Spouse or partner relocation

12 5.6%

Expiration or termination of contract Individual moved to an administrative position within the pharmacy college or school Individual moved to an administrative position at another pharmacy college or school Individual moved to a position in government or public sector Individual moved to an administrative position in a non-pharmacy program a: Some vacant positions include multiple reasons for vacancy. b: The total number of not applicable responses because the position is new totaled 149.

10 4.7% 7 3.3% 7 3.3% 6 2.8% 4 1.9% 10

20

30

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Academic Pharmacy Now: April/May/June 2010