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2012 REFERENCE GUIDE

Bella Anna速 Hydrangea

New Plant Listings

1

Deciduous Trees

5

Top-grafted Standards

16

Shrubs

19

Vines & Climbers

36

The front cover showcases Bella Anna®, a new form of Annabelle Hydrangea with outstanding pink flowers. The back cover features Bill Reid® Rose. Bill Reid is the latest Canadian Artist Rose with outstanding yellow flowers and sufficient cold hardiness for rose lovers in zones 2 and 3.

Roses

38

Tender Roses

42

In our new plant section you will notice tree listings such as Emerald Spire® , a new columnar crabapple with improved flowering and disease resistance. New shrubs for 2012 include Amber Jubilee® Ninebark. Amber Jubilee’s new growth takes on shades of yellow and orange in early-summer; a stunning colour breakthrough in ninebarks.

Evergreens & Conifers

43

Fruit Trees

48

Small Fruit

51

Herbaceous Perennials

55

Ferns & Grasses

89

Hardiness Zones

93

Landscape Plans

94

THE NORTHERN GARDEN COLLECTION Welcome to the 2012 Northern Garden Collection Reference Guide. In the pages that follow you will find plants for every place and purpose. Important plant characteristics such as mature size, foliage/flower colour and cold hardiness are at your fingertips. The Northern Garden Collection consists of more than 800 hardy plant varieties for the prairie region. These plants are produced in south-central Manitoba and their growth is synchronized with prairie weather conditions. You can select and use these plant varieties with confidence.

Once again our reference guide features a selection of new herbaceous perennials. There are also a number of regionallydeveloped perennials for prairie gardeners including the acclaimed Firecracker Chrysanthemums, Arctic Mist Heuchera and Morden Monarda cultivars. Browse these pages and “colour your yard” with the Northern Garden Collection. Remember that plants are an investment that add lasting value and beauty to our homes. Be sure to ask your local garden center for helpful tips on plant arrangement and landscape designs (see samples on page 94). Enjoy the pleasure of plants!

The Northern Garden Collection

www.northerngardencollection.com

NEW PLANT LISTINGS FOR 2012

Red Rocket速 Red Maple (pg. 75)

Autumn Splendor Buckeye (pg. 6)

Boulevard Tree Lilac (pg. 13)

Limelight Hydrangea Treeform

Emerald Spire Columnar Crabapple (pg. 9)

Nobility White Ash (pg. 8)

1

NEW PLANT LISTINGS FOR 2012 Bella Anna速 Hydrangea (pg. 22)

Little Lime Hydrangea (pg. 23)

Bombshell Hydrangea (pg. 22)

2

Amber Jubilee

Darts Gold

Amber Jubilee速 Ninebark (pg. 24)

Little Devil速 Ninebark (pg. 25)

Bill Reid速 Canadian Artists Rose (pg. 38)

NEW PLANT LISTINGS FOR 2012

Diabolo

Lemon Candy Ninebark (pg. 24)

Tree-formed Cherries (pg. 50)

3

NEW PLANT LISTINGS FOR 2012

Gold Heart Bleeding Hearts (pg. 66)

Cranberry Cupcake Echinacea (pg. 66)

Arizona Apricot Gaillardia (pg. 68)

Princess Caroline Grass (pg. 91)

Anaconda Love Iris (pg. 75)

Manhattan Lights Lupine (pg. 78)

Cora Louise Peony (pg. 80)

King Tut Grass (pg. 91)

Rainbow’s End Hosta (pg. 74)

Empress Wu Hosta (pg. 72)

4

DECIDUOUS TREES Acer - Maple Clump-form Amur Maple

Acer ginnala

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

20’ x 15’ (6 m x 5 m) Red

Rounded Zone 2

Multi-stemmed specimen of this cold hardy species. Recognized for its three-lobed leaves. Our seed source produces extremely red fruit and leaves in fall.

Royal Crown Amur Maple

Acer ginnala ‘JefUM’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

20’ x 15’ (6 m x 5 m) Red

Rounded Zone 2

An alkali-resistant selection of Amur Maple from research at the University of Manitoba. Threelobed leaves with red fall colour. Consistently maintains a three-stem clump.

Tree-form Amur Maple

Acer ginnala

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

20’ x 15’ (6 m x 5 m) Red

Clump Amur Maple

Upright, rounded Zone 2

Single stem, tree-form specimen of this cold hardy species. Recognized for its three-lobed leaves. Our seed source produces extremely red fruit and leaves in fall.

Ventura Hybrid Maple

Acer x ‘Durone’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

20’ x 15’ (6 m x 5 m) Orange-yellow

Upright, spreading Zone 2

A vigorous tree-form selection from a cross between Tatarian and Amur Maple. Tolerant of alkaline soil. Developed by Rick Durand, Prairie Shade Nursery.

Baron Boxelder Maple

Acer negundo ‘Baron’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

50’ x 30’ (12 x 9 m) Bright-yellow

Boxelder Maple

Rounded Zone 2

A seedless selection from this rugged native species. Attractive compound foliage. Well adapted to a wide range of growing conditions.

Boxelder Maple Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Acer negundo 50’ x 30’ (12 x 9 m) Bright-yellow

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Rounded Zone 2

A native tree species found throughout southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Attractive compound foliage. Adapted to a range of growing conditions including difficult sites.

Autumn Blaze Freeman Maple

Acer x freemanii ‘Jeffersred’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

50’ x 30’ (12 x 9 m) Bright-red

Dense oval Zone 3

Autumn Blaze® Freeman Maple

A popular cultivar noted for its rapid growth, ascending branches and ability to grow in most soils. A hybrid between Red and Silver Maple with red fall colour in mid October.

Sienna Glen® Freeman Maple

Acer x freemanii ‘Sienna’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

40’ x 30’ (12 x 9 m) Bright-red

Pyramidal Zone 4

A cold hardy Minnesota selection of this hybrid species. Resistant to sunscald and frost cracking. Red fall colour in mid October. Requires a sheltered site in the prairies.

Deborah Norway Maple

Acer platinoides ‘Deborah’

Mature Size: Spring Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

40’ x 30’ (23 x 12 m) Purple

Broadly oval Zone 4

Collector tree for the prairie gardener. Shows vigorous growth while retaining a central leader. Purple spring foliage turns bronze green in summer. Requires a sheltered site in the prairies.

Autumn Spire® Red Maple

Acer rubrum ‘Autumn Spire’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

50’ x 25’ (12 x 8 m) Bright, red

Deborah® Norway Maple

Broad, columnar Zone 3

Seedless cultivar from the University of Minnesota. Outstanding red fall colour in mid September. Prefers acidic soils, soil amendment required in regions with high pH.

Red Rocket® Red Maple Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

30’ x 8’ (9 x 3 m) Bright, red

New

Acer rubrum ‘Red Rocket’ Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Columnar Zone 3

New listing for 2012. A columnar red maple from a northern Minnesota seed source. Early, fiery red fall colour. Prefers acidic soils, soil amendment required in regions with high pH.

Red Rocket® Red Maple

5

DECIDUOUS TREES Acer - Maple Scarlet Jewell® Red Maple

Acer rubrum ‘Bailcraig’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

50’ x 25’ (12 x 8 m) Crimson

Upright, oval Zone 3

A seedless red maple selected in northern Minnesota by Terry Schwartz. Outstanding red fall colour. Prefers acidic soils, soil amendment required in regions with high pH.

Scarlet Jewell® Red Maple

Silver Cloud® Silver Maple

Acer saccharinum ‘Silver Cloud’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

60’ x 30’ (18 x 9 m) Yellow

Upright, oval Zone 3

This male selection has improved cold hardiness, an upright crown and symmetrical branching. A fast-growing, durable shade tree for the southern prairies. Prairie Shade Nursery introduction.

Fall Fiesta® Sugar Maple

Acer saccharum ‘Bailsta’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

40’ x 30’ (12 x 9 m) Orange-red

Upright, rounded Zone 4

A superior selection of Sugar Maple from Bailey Nurseries. Glossy, deep green foliage turns orange in fall. Requires a sheltered site in zone 3. USPP #11,119 New

Northern Flare® Sugar Maple Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

40’ x 30’ (12 x 9 m) Orange-red

Acer saccharum ‘Sisseton’ Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Upright Zone 3

New listing for 2012. A hardy selection of Sugar Maple from Dr. Dale Herman of NDSU.

Unity® Sugar Maple

Northern Select Sugar Maple

Acer saccharum

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

40’ x 30’ (12 x 9 m) Orange-yellow

Upright Zone 3

A northern source of Sugar Maple with good adaptation to conditions in the southern prairies. Seed collected from mature trees in Morden, Manitoba.

Unity® Sugar Maple

Acer saccharum ‘Jefcan’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

40’ x 30’ (12 x 9 m) Orange-yellow

Upright, rounded Zone 3

A cold hardy selection of Canada’s national tree with yellow-orange fall colour. Prefers rich, well drained soil and a sheltered location. Jeffries Nurseries introduction.

Hot Wings® Tatarian Maple

Acer tataricum ‘GarAnn’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

20’ x 18’ (7 x 6 m) Orange-red

Upright, spreading Zone 2/3

An excellent small tree, this recent selection of Tatarian Maple offers dark green foliage and bright red samaras. Tolerant of drought and alkaline soils. USPP #15,023

Aesculus - Buckeye Ohio Buckeye Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Aesculus glabra 40’ x 30’ (12 x 9 m) Orange-red

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Rounded Zone 2

Long lived, slow-growing tree with globe-shaped head. Compound foliage develops excellent orange-red fall colour in mid September. Nuts attract wildlife.

Autumn Splendor Buckeye

Aesculus x ‘Autumn Splendor’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

35’ x 25’ (9 x 8 m) Maroon-red

Oval to rounded Zone 3

Hybrid buckeye cultivar from the University of Minnesota Landscape Arboretum. Scorchresistant foliage turns maroon-red in the fall. Yellow-red flowers give rise to prickly nuts.

Hot Wings® Tatarian Maple

Homestead Buckeye

Aesculus x ‘Homestead’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

35’ x 25’ (9 x 8 m) Maroon-red

Oval to rounded Zone 3

Hybrid buckeye cultivar with rounded form, reddish-orange fall color, dense crown. Scorchresistant compound foliage. SDSU introduction.

Alnus - Alder Prairie

Horizon®

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

6

Alder 40’ x 30’ (12 x 9 m) Yellow

Alnus hirsuta ‘Harbin’ Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Upright Zone 2/3

A new cold hardy tree for difficult, dry locations. Dark green foliage, purple catkins followed by brown strobiles (resembling tiny pine cones) in fall. NDSU introduction.

Prairie Horizon® Alder

DECIDUOUS TREES Betula - Birch Cutleaf Weeping Birch

Betula pendula laciniata

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

40’ x 25’ (12 x 8 m) Bright-yellow

Weeping Zone 2

A graceful, white barked tree with fine, lacy foliage on long, drooping branches. Prefers abundant moisture.

Dakota Pinnacle® Asian White Birch

Betula platyphylla ‘Fargo’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

30’ x 8’ (10 x 3 m) Golden-yellow

Very upright Zone 3

Columnar selection of Asian White Birch with dense foliage and chalk white bark. Resistant to Bronze Birch Borer. NDSU introduction.

Clump / Single-Stem Paper Birch

Betula papyrifera

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

40’ x 30’ (12 x 9 m) Golden-yellow

Oval, rounded Zone 2

An attractive native tree grown as a single stem specimen. As the tree matures the brown bark peels off and a chalk-white coloured bark appears. Prefers abundant moisture.

Prairie Dream® Paper Birch

Betula papyrifera ‘Varen’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

40’ x 30’ (12 x 9 m) Golden-yellow

Broad oval Zone 2

A stress tolerant selection of Paper Birch from North Dakota with resistance to Bronze Birch Borer. Exfoliating, snow-white bark. NDSU introduction.

Purple Rain Birch Mature Size: Summer Foliage:

New 40’ x 25’ (12 x 9 m) Purple

Dakota Pinnacle® Asian White Birch

Betula pendula ‘Purple Rain’ Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Broad oval Zone 3

New listing for 2012. A medium sized tree that retains deep purple leaves throughout the growing season. Purple Rain has a somewhat weeping habit and snow-white bark.

Celtis - Hackberry Delta Hackberry Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Celtis occidentalis 50’ x 40’ (15 x 12 m) Golden-yellow

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Spreading, rounded Zone 2

A rare, native species sourced from Delta, Manitoba. Hackberry has a growth form similar to American Elm and is a suitable tree for extreme city conditions. Bark is corky and rough.

Prairie Dream® Paper Birch

Cornus - Pagoda Dogwood Pagoda Dogwood Treeform

Cornus alternifolia

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

20’ x 20’ (6 x 6 m) Maroon red

Horizontal branching Zone 3

A unique small tree with attractive horizontal branching pattern. White spring flowers are followed by blue-black fruit. Outstanding feature tree for confined urban landscapes.

Crataegus - Hawthorn Snowbird Hawthorn

Crataegus x mordenensis ‘Snowbird’

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

15’ x 15’ (5 m x 5 m) Double-white

Upright, rounded Zone 3

A seedling of ‘Toba’ with improved cold hardiness. Known for its double white flowers and sparse fruit. Introduced by the Morden Research Station in 1967.

Toba Hawthorn

Hackberry

Crataegus x mordenensis ‘Toba’

Mature Size: 15’ x 15’ (5 m x 5 m) Crown Shape: Upright, rounded Flowers: White, then pink Hardiness: Zone 3 Fragrant, double white flowers turn pink with time. Glossy, disease resistant foliage. Introduced by the Morden Research Station.

Fraxinus - Ash Fallgold Black Ash

Fraxinus nigra 'Fallgold'

Mature Size: 50’ x 20’ (15 x 6 m) Crown Shape: Upright Fall Foliage: Golden-yellow Hardiness: Zone 2 Seedless cultivar with leaves that drop 1-2 weeks later than the native Black Ash. Adaptable to a wide range of soils when grafted on Green Ash rootstock. Selected by Dr. Wilbert Ronald.

Snowbird Hawthorn

7

DECIDUOUS TREES Fraxinus - Ash Mancana Manchurian Ash

Fraxinus mandshurica 'Mancana'

Mature Size: 40’ x 25’ (12 x 7 m) Crown Shape: Oval Fall Foliage: Golden Hardiness: Zone 3 The feather-like leaves, dense compact canopy and oval form make this one of our most attractive trees. It is tolerant to a range of soil conditions. Seedless.

Northern Treasure Hybrid Ash

Northern Gem Hybrid Ash

Fraxinus x 'Northern Gem'

Mature Size: 50’ x 40’ (15 x 12 m) Crown Shape: Broad, oval Fall Foliage: Golden Hardiness: Zone 2 A breakthrough in Ash breeding which combines the native Black Ash with the Manchurian Ash. Cross made by Dr. Wilbert Ronald at Morden Research Centre in 1969. Seedless.

Northern Treasure Hybrid Ash

Fraxinus x 'Northern Treasure'

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

50’ x 30’ (15 x 9 m) Golden

Upright Zone 2

Parentage similar to ‘Northern Gem’, but the form is more oval-shaped. Cold hardy and disease resistant. Morden Research Centre introduction. Seedless. U.S. P.P. 11840

Prairie Spire® Green Ash

Patmore Green Ash

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Patmore'

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

60’ x 35’ (18 x 11 m) Golden

Oval-shaped Zone 2

This seedless cultivar of Green Ash has a strong central leader and retains its leaves longer than other cultivars. The late Dick Patmore selected this tree in Vegreville, AB. U.S.P.P. #4684.

Nobility® White Ash Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

New

60’ x 30’ (18 x 9 m) Purple

Fraxinus americana 'Jefwis ' Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Upright Zone 2

New listing for 2012. An improved selection of White Ash selected from a northern Wisconsin seed source by Dr. Philip Ronald. Nobility® possesses upright branching, oval-shaped crown and clean foliage. Foliage turns a deep purple colour early in the fall.

Northern Blaze® White Ash

Fraxinus americana 'Jefnor'

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

50’ x 25’ (15 x 7 m) Maroon

Upright, rounded Zone 2

A seedless white ash from a seedling population grown by Dr. Wilbert Ronald. This cultivar has shown no winter damage in Manitoba for 20 years. A Jeffries Nurseries introduction

Prairie Spire® Green Ash

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Rugby'

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

60’ x 30’ (18 x 9 m) Golden

Upright, oval-shaped Zone 2

A seedless Green Ash selected by Dr. Dale Herman for cold hardiness and survival under harsh conditions. Attractive foliage is glossy and deep green. NDSU Introduction.

Gleditsia - Honeylocust Northern

Acclaim®

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Honeylocust

Gleditsia triacanthos ‘Harve’

30’ x 20’ (9 m x 6 m) Golden

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Open, spreading Zone 3/4

A thornless, seedless cultivar from NDSU selected for superior winter hardiness. Tolerant of heat and drought. Select a protected planting site for best success.

Juglans - Walnut

Northern Acclaim® Honeylocust Black Walnut Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Juglans nigra 45’ x 30’ (14 x 9 m) Light-yellow

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Oval to rounded Zone 3

An attractive tree whose natural range reaches central Minnesota, it is suitably adapted to well-drained, sheltered locations in the prairies. Large compound leaves and round edible nuts.

Butternut Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Juglans cinerea 45’ x 30’ (14 x 9 m) Light-yellow

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Broad globe-shaped Zone 2/3

Differs from Black Walnut in that it has oblong fruit, and bark that is lighter in colour and much smoother. Well adapted to well-drained prairie soils.

8

Black Walnut

New

DECIDUOUS TREES Malus - Ornamental Crabapple Emerald Spire® Crabapple Mature Size: Flowers:

New

15’ x 6’ (5 m x 2 m) Pink

Malus x adstringens 'Jefgreen' Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Columnar Zone 3

New listing for 2012. A columnar sibling of Purple Spire with bronze-green, disease-resistant foliage and abundant pink flowers in spring. PBRAF, USPPAF

Gladiator® Rosybloom Crabapple

Malus x adstringens 'Durleo'

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

20’ x 9’ (6 m x 3 m) Pink

Upright Zone 2

Emerald Spire® Columnar Crabapple

An attractive rosybloom with glossy purple leaves, pink flowers, small purple ornamental fruit, and an upright crown form. Selected by Rick Durand of Prairie Shade Nursery. USPP #20167

Kelsey Rosybloom Crabapple

Malus x adstringens 'Kelsey'

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

20’ x 15’ (6 m x 5 m) Double, pink

Upright, rounded Zone 2

One of the few hardy rosyblooms with large semi-double, pink flowers. The foliage is coppergreen; dark purple fruit is persistent.

Pink Spires Rosybloom Crabapple

Malus x adstringens 'Pink Spires'

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

20’ x 12’ (6 m x 4 m) Lavender-pink

Narrow, upright Zone 2

This upright grower has red-purplish foliage in spring. The flowers are lavender-pink in colour and the fruit is red and persistent. Developed by Les Kerr.

Purple Spire® Rosybloom Crabapple

Malus x adstringens 'Jefspire'

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

15’ x 6’ (5 m x 2 m) Rose-pink (few)

Gladiator® Crabapple

Columnar Zone 3

Purple Spire is outstanding for its compact, columnar form and showy purple foliage. A few pink flowers in spring. Joint introduction by Jeffries and Bylands Nurseries.

Royal Beauty Rosybloom Crabapple

Malus x adstringens 'Royal Beauty'

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

9’ x 9’ (3 m x 3 m) Rose-pink

Weeping Zone 3

An attractive weeping tree with pink flowers and red-bronze leaves. Small dark-red fruit remain on the tree throughout the winter months.

Selkirk Rosybloom Crabapple

Malus x adstringens 'Selkirk'

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

25’ x 25’ (8 m x 8 m) Pink

Rounded, vase-like Zone 2

Pink Spires Crabapple

A vigorous grower with pink flowers and bronze-green foliage. Bright-red fruit is retained well into winter. Resistant to fireblight.

Shaughnessy Cohen Rosybloom Crabapple

Malus x adstringens 'S. Cohen'

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

25’ x 20’ (8 m x 6 m) Fuchsia-pink

Rounded Zone 2

One of the first crabapples to leaf in the spring, Shaughnessy Cohen offers red tinted foliage and outstanding flowers. A Morden Research Station introduction.

Spring Snow Crabapple

Malus x ‘Spring Snow’

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

25’ x 15’ (8 m x 5 m) White

Rounded Zone 3

Starlite® Crabapple

An attractive tree with fragrant, white flowers in the spring and glossy green foliage throughout the growing season. This cultivar does not produce fruit.

Starlite® Crabapple

Malus x ‘Jefstar

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

25’ x 15’ (8 m x 5 m) White

Upright Zone 2

Derived from a cross between ‘Spring Snow’ and ‘Rosthern’, Starlite has upright branching. This new cultivar also offers fragrant white flowers, glossy green foliage and tiny red fruit that are retained into winter. Excellent resistance to foliar diseases including apple scab.

Thunderchild Rosybloom Crabapple

Malus x adstringens 'Thunderchild'

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

20’ x 15’ (6 m x 5 m) Rose-pink

Upright, spreading Zone 2

A flowering crabapple with oval crown and leaves that turn deep purple during the growing season. Small red fruit in late summer. Resistant to fireblight.

Thunderchild Crabapple

9

DECIDUOUS TREES Ostrya - Ironwood Ironwood Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Ironwood

Ostrya virginiana 30’ x 20’ (10 x 6 m) Golden-yellow

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Oval to rounded Zone 3

A slow-growing, medium-sized tree with slender spreading branches. Hop-like fruits add interest in late summer. Leaves persist into winter. Tolerant of dry locations. Minnesota seed source.

Phellodendron - Corktree Amur Corktree Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Phellodendron amurense 40’ x 30’ (13 x 10 m) Golden

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Spreading Zone 3

A unique tree of Asian origin named for its thick corky bark. Scented compound foliage is accented with bunches of dark blue fruit. An attractive tree for urban landscapes.

Populus - Poplar / Aspen

Amur Corktree

Assiniboine Poplar

Populus x 'Assiniboine'

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

60’ x 25’ (18 x 8 m) Yellow

Semi-upright Zone 2

This seedless clone has a rapid growth rate and a fairly narrow crown. It is resistant to stem canker, leaf rust and poplar bud gall mite.

DN2 Poplar Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Populus x canadensis 'DN2' 80’ x 30’ (24 x 9 m) Yellow

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Upright Zone 3

A seedless hybrid from a cross between Populus deltoides and Populus nigra. Can grow from 5 to 8 feet per year. Excellent choice for windbreaks.

Northwest Poplar Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Populus x jaackii 'Northwest' 50’ x 40’ (15 x 12 m) Golden yellow

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Broad, oval Zone 2

A fast-growing, seedless tree with large leaves. Valued as a shelterbelt tree due its hardiness and drought tolerance. Best growth on moist soils.

DN2 Poplar

Prairie Sky Poplar Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Populus x canadensis 'Prairie Sky' 80’ x 12’ (24 x 4 m) Yellow

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Narrow, upright Zone 3

A seedless selection with upright form derived from a cross between P. deltoides and P. nigra 'Thevistina'. Very fast growing and long-lived. Resistant to stem canker and leaf rust.

Sabre® Largetooth Aspen

Populus grandidentata ‘Durman’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

40’ x 25’ (12 x 8 m) Golden-yellow

Narrow, open Zone 3

A seedless selection of native, large tooth aspen with smooth bark, balanced branch structure and attractive leaves that flutter in the wind. Prairie Shade Nursery introduction.

Skyfest Poplar Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Populus deltoides ‘Jefcot’ 80’ x 30’ (24 x 9 m) Yellow

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Upright Zone 2

A seedless cottonwood selected for its high disease resistance, vigour and upright growth form. Excellent for naturalizing and parks. Introduced by Jeffries Nurseries.

Sundance Poplar Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Populus x 'ACWS151' 40’ x 10’ (12 x 3 m) Golden yellow

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Columnar Zone 2

Hybrid poplar with narrow form. Selected for resistance to bronze leaf disease which will attack Tower Poplar and Swedish Columnar Aspen. PFRA introduction.

Hardiness Zone Map

10

Prairie Sky Poplar

see page 93

DECIDUOUS TREES Populus - Poplar / Aspen Swedish Columnar Aspen

Populus tremula 'Erecta'

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

35’ x 4’ (10 x 1.5 m) Yellow-bronze

Columnar Zone 2

This seedless tree is extremely hardy and can grow in a variety of soils and moisture conditions. The narrow form makes it well suited for planting as an accent or screen.

Tower Poplar Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Populus x canescens 'Tower' 40’ x 6’ (12 m x 2 m) Insignificant

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Columnar Zone 3

A seedless, disease resistant and fast-growing tree with striking columnar growth habit. Developed at the Morden Research Station by Dr. Wilbert Ronald.

Trembling Aspen Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Tower Poplar

Populus tremuloides 50’ x 30’ (15 x 9 m) Golden-yellow

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Pyramidal-rounded Zone 1

Native tree noted for white bark and green foliage which quivers in the breeze. Attractive greenish white bark. Golden fall colour.

Prunus - Cherry Goldspur®

Amur Cherry

Mature Size: Flowers:

Prunus maackii ‘Jefspur’

15’ x 10’ (5 m x 3 m) White racemes

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Upright Zone 2

A dwarf selection of Amur Cherry with controlled growth and unique tufts of dark green foliage. Discovered by Dr. Philip Ronald in Saskatoon, SK. CPBR 3903, U.S.P.P. 19665

Goldrush® Amur Cherry

Prunus maackii ‘Jefree’

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

25’ x 20’ (8 m x 6 m) White racemes

Rounded Zone 2

A fast growing hybrid cultivar selected for improved resistance to frost cracking. Dark green foliage and attractive coppery-orange bark that flakes off.

Schubert Chokecherry

Prunus virginiana ‘Schubert’

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

25’ x 20’ (8 m x 6 m) White racemes

Oval, rounded Zone 2

This classic cultivar of the native chokecherry has leaves that are green when young but turn dark-purple as summer progresses. More resistant to black knot than Canada Red.

Spur Schubert Chokecherry

Prunus virginiana ‘Spur Schubert’

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

20’ x 15’ (8 m x 5 m) White racemes

Goldspur® Amur Cherry

Oval, rounded Zone 2

Small, oval-shaped tree. White flowers in spring followed by purple foliage in summer.

Prunus - Plum Muckle Hybrid Plum

Prunus x nigrella ‘Muckle’

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

15’ x 10’ (5 m x 3 m) Pink

Upright, rounded Zone 2

A small tree with outstanding spring flowers. The flowers are a showy bright pink, emerging from bright red flower buds. A hybrid between Canada Plum and Russian Almond.

Princess Kay Plum

Prunus nigra ‘Princess Kay’

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

15’ x 10’ (5 m x 3 m) Double white

Spur Schubert Cherry

Upright, narrow Zone 2

A hardy selection of native plum from the University of Minnesota. Showy, double white flowers. Excellent feature tree in the home landscape.

Tree Selection Guide

see page 18 Princess Kay Plum

11

DECIDUOUS TREES Quercus - Oak Bur Oak Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Quercus macrocarpa 80’ x 60’ (24 x 18 m) Golden to brown

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Rounded, open Zone 2

A native to Manitoba, Bur Oak is slow growing, long-lived, adaptable to a wide range of soils and is very tolerant to drought.

Northern Pin Oak Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Quercus ellipsoidalis 60’ x 40’ (18 x 12 m) Scarlet-red

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Broad, oval Zone 2/3

A native to north-central United States, Northern Pin Oak is slow growing, long-lived, and tolerant of alkaline soils. This species has attractive bristled leaves and red fall colour.

Salix - Willow Acute Leaf Willow Bur Oak

Mature Size: Twig Colour:

Salix acutifolia 60’ x 30’ (18m x 9 m) Red-brown

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Upright, rounded Zone 2

One of the best shelterbelt trees because it is fast-growing and does not drop its branches as easily as other willows. Foliage is green and stems are reddish-brown.

Golden Willow Mature Size: Twig Colour:

Salix alba 'Vitellina’ 60’ x 30’ (18m x 9 m) Golden

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Upright, rounded Zone 2

The fastest growing of the willows. Its branches turn colour from bright yellow to golden as they mature and are very attractive in the winter.

Northern Pin Oak

Laurel Leaf Willow

Salix pentandra

Mature Size: Twig Colour:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

60’ x 30’ (18 x 9 m) Red-brown

Upright, rounded Zone 2

An excellent tree for a quick privacy screen or as a shelterbelt. Grows well in moist locations. Attractive leathery, glossy-green leaves. This willow can be maintained as a shade tree.

Prairie Cascade Weeping Willow

Salix x ‘Prairie Cascade’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

40’ x 30’ (12 x 9 m) Golden-yellow

Weeping Zone 3

The hardiest weeping willow for the prairies. Glossy, dark green leaves in summer and golden stem colour in the winter. Prefers moist soils.

Silky White Willow

Salix alba 'Sericea'

Mature Size: Summer Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

60’ x 30’ (18 x 9 m) Silver

Narrow, open Zone 2

A fast growing tree with silvery leaves and reddish-brown twigs. The only large shelterbelt tree for the prairies with silver foliage.

Sorbus - Mountain Ash Black Hawk Mountain Ash

Sorbus aucuparia ‘Black Hawk’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

25’ x 20’ (8 m x 6 m) Orange-red

Upright, rounded Zone 3

This hardy selection of European Mountain Ash has more resistance to sun scald. White blooms give way to orange fruit in late summer.

Prairie Cascade Weeping Willow

European Mountain Ash

Sorbus aucuparia

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

25’ x 20’ (8 m x 6 m) Orange-red

Upright, rounded Zone 3

Large panicles of creamy-white flowers are followed by orange-red berries in late summer. The foliage turns red in the fall. Prefers a well drained and slightly shaded location.

Russian Mountain Ash

Sorbus aucuparia 'Rossica'

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

25’ x 20’ (8 m x 6 m) Orange-red

Upright, pyramidal Zone 2

A cold hardy selection of European Mountain Ash with a dense, upright crown, showy fruit and large, dark green leaves with more regular teeth.

12

Silky White Willow

DECIDUOUS TREES Sorbus - Mountain Ash Showy Mountain Ash

Sorbus decora

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

25’ x 20’ (8 m x 6 m) Orange-red

Rounded Zone 2

The hardiest and slowest growing member of this genus. Its foliage and flowers are similar to European, but berries are bright red. Moderate resistance to fireblight.

Oakleaf Mountain Ash

Sorbus thuringiaca 'Fastigiata'

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

25’ x 20’ (8 m x 6 m) Orange-red

Upright, oval Zone 3

Showy Mountain Ash

An outstanding ornamental tree for the prairies. Unique, oak-shaped leaves are green with a white underside. Creamy-white flowers are followed by red berries. Excellent disease resistance.

Syringa - Tree Lilac Boulevard Tree Lilac

Syringa reticulata ‘Boulevard’

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

20’ x 12’ (6 m x 4 m) White, fragrant

Upright, oval Zone 3

Upright introduction of Japanese Tree Lilac with green, glossy foliage and fragrant white panicles of flowers. Cannor Nurseries introduction.

Golden Eclipse Tree Lilac

Syringa reticulata ‘Golden Eclipse’

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

20’ x 15’ (6 m x 5 m) White, fragrant

Compact, upright Zone 3

Oakleaf Mountain Ash

An introduction from J.C. Bakker Nurseries. Golden-yellow and green variegated foliage combined with creamy-white, fragrant flowers that bloom in late June.

Ivory Silk Tree Lilac

Syringa reticulata ‘Ivory Silk’

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

20’ x 15’ (6 m x 5 m) White, fragrant

Compact, oval Zone 3

This small tree has cherry-like bark, glossy foliage and spectacular creamy-white, fragrant flowers that bloom in June. No disease or insect problems. A Sheridan Nursery introduction.

Tilia - Linden American Linden Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Tilia americana 60’ x 40’ (18 x 12 m) Golden

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Pyramidal to round Zone 2

This native tree is highly regarded on the prairies for its large leaves, fragrant flowers and broad crown. Adapted to many soils, but will not tolerate drought.

Dropmore Hybrid Linden

Tilia x flavescens 'Dropmore'

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

50’ x 30’ (15 x 9 m) Golden

Golden Eclipse Tree Lilac

Broad, pyramidal Zone 2

A hybrid of American and Littleleaf Lindens that is characterized by dark green foliage and a dense, pyramidal crown. Offers superior growth and cold hardiness over Littleleaf Linden.

Glenleven Hybrid Linden

Tilia x flavescens 'Glenleven'

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

40’ x 30’ (12 x 9 m) Golden

Broad, pyramidal Zone 3

A fast growing hybrid with a straight trunk and large leaves. Attractive pyramidal form. Golden fall foliage colour. Developed by Sheridan Nursery.

Golden Cascade Linden

Tilia cordata 'Golden Cascade'

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

40’ x 25’ (12 x 8 m) Golden

Cascading Zone 3

This unique introduction offers cascading branches and medium sized leaves. Excellent golden fall foliage. Developed by Jeffries Nurseries Ltd.

Greenspire Linden Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Tilia cordata 'Greenspire' 40’ x 30’ (12 x 10 m) Golden

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Upright Zone 3

A suitable choice for street planting with a straight trunk, dense crown and leathery dark-green foliage.

Ivory Silk Tree Lilac

13

DECIDUOUS TREES Tilia - Linden Harvest Gold® Linden

Tilia mongolica 'Harvest Gold'

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

40’ x 25’ (12 x 8 m) Golden

Upright, oval Zone 3

An outstanding tree known for its upright form, disease-free foliage, golden fall colour and exfoliating bark. Developed by Jeffries Nurseries Ltd. USPP #12232

Norlin® Littleleaf Linden

Tilia cordata 'Ronald'

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

50’ x 30’ (15 x 9 m) Golden

Broad, pyramidal Zone 3

A hardy selection of Littleleaf Linden noted for its rapid growth, resistance to leaf spot, leaf gall, and improved resistance to sunscald. Developed by Jeffries Nurseries Ltd. USPP #8239.

True North American Linden

Tilia americana ‘Duros’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

50’ x 20’ (15 x 9 m) Golden

Upright Zone 2

Hardy selection of American Linden with upright crown. Attractive whitish bark that darkens with age. Prairie Shade Nursery introduction.

Ulmus - Elm

Glenleven Hybrid Linden

Brandon American Elm

Ulmus americana ‘Brandon’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

60’ x 40’ (15 x 12 m) Golden

Vase-shaped Zone 2

A good choice as a large street tree where DED is controlled in a managed program. Classic dark-green foliage and umbrella-shaped crown.

Prairie Expedition American Elm

Ulmus americana ‘Lewis & Clark’

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

60’ x 40’ (15 x 12 m) Golden

Vase-shaped Zone 3

A North Dakota selection of American Elm with a high level of resistance to DED. Classic darkgreen foliage and umbrella-shaped crown. NDSU introduction.

Harvest Gold® Linden

Discovery® Japanese Elm

Ulmus davidiana japonica 'Discovery'

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

40’ x 30’ (12 x 9 m) Golden

Vase-shaped Zone 3

A hardy Elm for the northern plains selected by Rick Durand of Prairie Shade Nursery. Similar to American Elm in tree form with resistance to Dutch Elm disease and aphids. U.S.P.P. #10558.

Triumph® Hybrid Elm

Ulmus x 'Morton Glossy'

Mature Size: Fall Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

60’ x 40’ (20 x 12 m) Yellow-green

Vase-shaped Zone 3

DED-resistant, hybrid elm with strong branching, dark-green foliage and excellent pest resistance. Triumph was derived from a cross between hybrid elm cultivars: ‘Accolade’ and ‘Vanguard’. After five years of testing in southern Manitoba, Triumph has been the best of the hybrid elms from Morton Arboretum.

NORTHERN GARDEN INTRODUCTIONS Prairie Expedition® American Elm

Quality shade trees developed for use in the Canadian prairies and northern great plains. UNITY® SUGAR MAPLE NOBILITY® WHITE ASH NORTHERN BLAZE® WHITE ASH EMERALD SPIRE® COLUMNAR CRABAPPLE PURPLE SPIRE® COLUMNAR CRABAPPLE STARLITE® FLOWERING CRABAPPLE GOLDRUSH® AMUR CHERRY GOLDSPUR® AMUR CHERRY GOLDEN CASCADE® LINDEN HARVEST GOLD® LINDEN NORLIN® LINDEN

14

Triumph® Hybrid Elm

www.northerngardencollection.com

Unity® Sugar Maple

UPRIGHT CROWN

GLOSSY, DISEASE-RESISTANT FOLIAGE

TINY, BEAD-LIKE, RETAINED FRUIT

SELKIRK

STARLITE速

15

TOP-GRAFTED STANDARDS Caragana Globe Caragana Topgraft

Caragana frutex 'Globosa'

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

4’ x 3’ (1.25 x 0.9 m) Yellow

Globe Zone 2

This topgraft has a compact globe-shaped habit with densely arranged foliage. Topgrafted on a common caragana standard.

Pygmy Caragana Topgraft

Caragana pygmaea

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

4’ x 3’ (1.25 x 0.9 m) Yellow

Spreading Zone 2

This topgraft is compact, dense and thorny with fine textured foliage. Topgrafted on a common caragana standard.

Weeping Caragana Topgraft

Caragana arborescens 'Pendula'

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

4’ x 3’ (1.25 x 0.9 m) Yellow

Weeping Zone 2

The arching and weeping branches of this regular-leafed Caragana make it an ideal accent plant. Topgrafted on a common caragana standard.

Pygmy Caragana Topgraft

Walker Caragana Topgraft

Caragana arborescens 'Walker'

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

4’ x 3’ (1.25 x 0.9 m) Yellow

Weeping Zone 2

Fine textured, light green foliage makes this plant look very graceful and elegant. Topgrafted on a common caragana standard.

Hydrangea - Hydrangea Limelight Hydrangea Treeform

Hydrangea paniculata 'Limelight' New Mature Height: 5 - 6 Feet (2 m) Crown Shape: Spreading, rounded Flower Colour: White (panicle) Hardiness: Zone 3 New listing for 2012. Upright rounded shrub with outstanding lime-green flowers. Adds a sudden burst of colour to the late summer landscape. Flowers on new wood.

Physocarpus - Ninebark Diabolo® Ninebark Treeform Diabolo® Ninebark Treeform

Physocarpus opulifolius 'Monlo'

Mature Height: 8 - 10 Feet (3 m) Crown Shape: Spreading, rounded Foliage: Purple Hardiness: Zone 3 A tree-formed version of this popular purple leafed ninebark. Creamy white flowers in the spring. Basal pruning will be required to maintain single stem. USPP #11,211

Picea - Spruce Globe Blue Spruce Topgraft

Picea pungens 'Globosa'

Mature Size: Foliage:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

4’ x 3’ (1.25 x 0.9 m) Blue needles

Globe Zone 2

Topgraft has bright blue evergreen foliage and globe-shaped habit.

Prunus - Plum

Double Flowering Plum Topgraft

Double Flowering Plum Topgraft

Prunus triloba ‘Multiplex’

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

8’ x 6’ (2.5 x 2 m) Double pink

Spreading, rounded Zone 2

The showy pink blossoms appear before the green foliage and make a spectacular display.

Salix - Willow Weeping Pussy Willow Topgraft

Salix caprea 'Pendula'

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

6’ x 8’ (2 x 2.5 m) Spring catkins

Weeping Zone 4

Large, silver catkins in spring. Leaves are wide, serrated, bright-green above, silver below.

Syringa - French Lilac Beauty of Moscow Lilac Topgraft

Syringa vulgaris ‘Krasavitsa Moskvy’

Height: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

8 Feet (2.5 m) double white

Spreading, rounded Zone 3

Panicles of double, delicate pale pink flowers that turn white with maturity. Stunning in bloom. Topgrafted on a villosa lilac standard.

16

Beauty of Moscow Topgraft

TOP-GRAFTED STANDARDS

Sensation Lilac Topgraft

Syringa - Fiala / French Lilac Little Boy Blue Lilac Topgraft

Syringa vulgaris 'Little Boy Blue' New Mature Height: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Crown Shape: Compact, rounded Flower Colour: single, blue Hardiness: Zone 3 New listing for 2012. Also known as ‘Wonderblue’ this cultivar is one of the best lilacs for blue colour. Dense, compact growth habit. Maiden's Blush Lilac Topgraft

S. x hyacinthiflora ‘Maiden’s Blush’

Height: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

5 - 6 Feet(1.75 m) single, pink

Rounded Zone 2

Flowers freely, even as a young plant. One of the superior hybrids from F.L. Skinner. Topgrafted on a villosa lilac standard.

Sensation Lilac Topgraft

Syringa vulgaris ‘Sensation’

Height: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

10 - 12 Feet (3.6 m) bicolour (purple-white)

Spreading, rounded Zone 2

An outstanding cultivar with interesting, bi-coloured flowers with purple florets and a white border. Topgrafted on a villosa lilac standard.

Wedgewood Blue Lilac Topgraft

Syringa vulgaris ‘Wedgewood Blue’

Height: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

6 Feet (1.75 m) true blue, fragrant

Rounded Zone 3

A Father Fiala cultivar with single, blue flowers with lilac pink buds. Superb fragrance. Topgrafted on a villosa lilac standard.

Dwarf Korean Lilac Topgraft

Syringa - Other Lilac Dwarf Korean Lilac Topgraft

Syringa meyeri 'Palibin'

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

6’ x 5’ (2 x 1.5 m) Pink

Rounded Zone 3

This distinctive lilac produces abundant pink blooms with a heavy fragrance in late June.

Minuet Lilac Topgraft

Syringa prestoniae 'Minuet'

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

6’ x 5’ (2 x 1.5 m) Light pink

Upright, dense Zone 2

A slow-growing lilac variety with large, dark-green leaves and soft white-pink blooms.

Miss Kim Lilac Topgraft

Syringa patula 'Miss Kim'

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

6’ x 5’ (2 x 1.5 m) Purple flowers

Spreading Zone 3

This lilac variety is known for its fragrant, lavender-purple flowers and purple fall foliage.

Viburnum Snowball Viburnum Treeform

Viburnum opulus ‘Sterile’

Mature Size: Flowers:

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

8’ x 6’ (2.75 x 2 m) White snowballs

Rounded Zone 3

Treeform shrub producing large balls of double white flowers that later turn to light pink. The flowers are sterile so do not produce fruit.

TIPS FOR TOPGRAFTS & TREE-FORMED SHRUBS Topgrafted shrubs should be pruned on an annual basis with a focus on keeping the topgraft rounded and neat. Pruning the topgraft must be done with recognition of its effect on flower development. In the case of lilac, it is best to prune immediately after flowering so as to allow next years blooms to develop. It is also critical to remove leafy shoots that arise from along the interstem and at its base. These sprouts and suckers can quickly overpower the topgrafted shrub, destroying the beauty of the grafted cultivar. An alternative to topgrafted shrubs are tree-formed shrubs. Tree-form shrubs are produced by training up and retaining a single dominant stem for shrub cultivars. With a tree-formed shrub there is still the need for removing lateral sprouts and

Snowball Viburnum Treeform

17

DECIDUOUS TREE & TOPGRAFT SELECTION GUIDE UNIQUE TREES Weeping Form: • Cutleaf Weeping Birch • Royal Beauty Crabapple • Prairie Cascade Willow • Golden Cascade Linden • Weeping Caragana Topgraft • Walker Caragana Topgraft Unusual Bark: • Paper Birch • Goldrush® Amur Cherry • Goldspur® Amur Cherry • Bur Oak

TREES FOR FALL COLOUR Orange / Red: • Amur Maple • Hot Wings® Tatarian Maple • Sienna Glen Freeman Maple • Autumn Spire Red Maple • Scarlet Jewel® Red Maple • Fall Fiesta® / Unity® Sugar Maple • Northern Select Sugar Maple • Ohio Buckeye • Northern Pin Oak Golden: • • • • • • • •

Purple Summer Foliage: • Diabolo Ninebark Tree-form • Gladiator® Crabapple • Purple Spire® Crabapple • Thunderchild Crabapple • Spur Schubert Cherry

TREES FOR FLOWERS White: • • • • • • •

Snowbird Hawthorn Toba Hawthorn Dolgo Crabapple Starlite® Crabapple Princess Kay Plum Ivory Silk & Golden Eclipse Lilac Snowball Viburnum Tree-form

• • • • • • • • •

Kelsey Crabapple Pink Spires Crabapple Selkirk Crabapple Shaughnessy Cohen Crabapple Thunderchild Crabapple Muckle Plum Double Flowering Plum Topgraft Dwarf Korean Lilac Topgraft Miss Kim Lilac Topgraft

Pink:

Yellow: • • •

18

Warrior Caragana Caragana Topgrafts American Linden

Paper Birch Fallgold Black Ash Hackberry Amur Corktree Trembling Aspen American Linden Golden Cascade Linden Harvest Gold Linden

TREES FOR WILDLIFE Seeds/Fruit: • Hackberry • Pagoda Dogwood • Pink Spires Crabapple • Selkirk Crabapple • Shaughnessy Cohen Crabapple • Starlite® Crabapple • Thunderchild Crabapple • Ironwood • Goldrush® Amur Cherry • Goldspur® Amur Cherry • Spur Shubert Cherry • Russian Mountain Ash • Oakleaf Mountain Ash • Showy Mountain Ash Nuts: • • • • • • •

Ohio Buckeye Autumn Splendor Buckeye Homestead Buckeye Black Walnut Butternut Bur Oak Northern Pin Oak

ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS Acer - Maple Atomic® Amur Maple

Acer ginnala ‘Durglobe’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) White

Formerly known as ‘Fireball’, this globe shaped selection of Amur Maple makes an excellent low hedge. Red fall colour.

Amelanchier - Serviceberry Standing Ovation® Serviceberry

Amelanchier alnifolia ‘Obelisk’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

15 Feet (5 m) White

Atomic® Amur Maple

A columnar selection of this cold hardy species. White spring flowers turn into edible berries. Orange-red fall colour. Can be used to produce an attractive hedge.

Arctostaphylos - Bearberry Bearberry (Kinnikinnick)

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 2 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

6 inches (0.15 m) White or pink

A native evergreen groundcover with small green leaves. Moderately shade tolerant. Small flower clusters in May.

Aronia - Chokeberry Autumn Magic Chokeberry

Aronia melanocarpa ‘Autumn Magic’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) White, fragrant

Autumn Magic Chokeberry

An upright shrub with dark, glossy-green foliage that turns red in the fall. Fragrant spring flowers are followed by black berries. UBC introduction.

Berberis - Barberry Concorde®

Barberry

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

2 Feet (0.6 m) Deep purple

Berberis thunbergii ‘Concorde’ Mature Spread: 3 Feet (1 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

A dwarf barberry with velvet purple foliage. An ideal choice for a low-growing shrub border. Tolerates dry soils.

Emerald Carousel® Barberry

Berberis x ‘Tara’

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Mature Spread: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Deep green

Concorde Barberry

A hybrid barberry with rounded shape and arching branches. Outstanding orange-red fall foliage. Prefers full sun. Bailey Nurseries introduction.

Jade Carousel® Barberry

Berberis thunbergii ‘Bailgreen’

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

3 Feet (0.9 m) Green

Uniform and dense green foliage with a compact habit. Scarlet-orange fall colour is complemented by red berries that persist into winter. Prefers full sun. Bailey Nurseries introduction.

Rose Glow Barberry

Berberis thunbergii ‘Rose Glow’

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

3 Feet (0.9 m) Rose-red

A colourful plant for prairie gardeners. Attractive variegated foliage makes this small shrub an excellent specimen. Prefers full sun.

Ruby Carousel® Barberry

Berberis thunbergii ‘Bailone’

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Reddish-purple

Rose Glow Barberry

Selected for outstanding red-purple foliage and uniform growth habit. Excellent hedge or barrier plant. Prefers full sun. Bailey Nurseries introduction.

Sunsation® Barberry

Berberis thunbergii ‘Monry’

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 4

3 Feet (0.9 m) Golden

A golden barberry with compact, dwarf form. Attractive golden foliage throughout much of the season. An excellent contrast plant in the landscape. Prefers full sun.

Ruby Carousel Barberry

19

ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS Caragana Common Caragana

Caragana arborescens

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

10 - 15 Feet (4.5 m) Yellow

An ideal shelterbelt or hedging plant for dry conditions. Bright yellow flowers in May. This plant fixes nitrogen so can adapt to a variety of soils.

Common Caragana

Fernleaf Caragana

Caragana arborescens 'Lorbergii'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

6 - 10 Feet (3 m) Yellow

Feathery leaves resemble that of the Asparagus Fern. Hardy and drought tolerant. Should be trimmed annually.

Globe Caragana Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Caragana frutex 'Globosa' 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Dark green

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

A compact globe-shaped plant with dense foliage and yellow flowers. Well suited for hedges and foundation plantings. Prefers full sun.

Pygmy Caragana Pygmy Caragana

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Caragana pygmaea 3 Feet (0.9 m) Yellow

Mature Spread: 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

A compact, dense and thorny shrub that is very resistant to drought and salt. The foliage is fine textured and graceful. The small bright yellow flowers appear in June.

Cornus - Dogwood Bud's Yellowtwig Dogwood

Cornus sericea 'Bud's Yellow'

Mature Height: Bark Colour:

Mature Spread: 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Yellow

An improved yellow-stemmed selection that has better foliage, more consistent bark colour and better cold hardiness. A Boughen Nursery introduction.

Cardinal Dogwood Mature Height: Bark Colour:

Bud’s Yellowtwig Dogwood

Cornus sericea 'Cardinal' 8 - 10 Feet (3 m) Cherry-red

Mature Spread: 8 - 10 Feet (3 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

A selection of Redosier Dogwood known for its bright cherry-red twig colour. A Minnesota Landscape Arboretum introduction.

Coral Dogwood Mature Height: Bark Colour:

Cornus alba 'Siberica' 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Coral-red

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

Bright coral-red stems and fruit that turns a bluish colour in the fall. Bark colour is most evident on current year's growth.

Golden Variegated Dogwood

Cornus alba 'Gouchaulti'

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Mature Spread: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Yellow variegated

Leaves are variegated; yellow and rose leaf margins and the centre of the leaf is green and rose. The red branches provide a winter contrast.

Ivory Halo® Dogwood

Ivory Halo® Dogwood

Cornus alba 'Bailhalo'

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Mature Spread: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) White variegated

A compact selection of Silver Variegated Dogwood that is finer textured, fuller and more compact. A Bailey Nurseries introduction. U.S.P.P. 8722. CPBR #1097.

Morden Amber Dogwood

Cornus alba ‘Morden Amber’

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Mature Spread: 4 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Golden

This golden foliaged dogwood has wonderful contrast between the foliage and dark-red bark. A Morden Research Station Introduction.

20

Redosier Dogwood

Redosier Dogwood

Cornus sericea

Mature Height: Bark Colour:

Mature Spread: 6 - 10 Feet (3 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

6 - 10 Feet (3 m) Red

This native dogwood is very attractive when the leaves turn red in the fall. Red twigs contrast with the snow in the winter. White berries are enjoyed by songbirds. Prefers moist habitats.

ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS Cornus - Dogwood Siberian Pearl Dogwood

Cornus alba 'Siberian Pearl'

Mature Height: Bark Colour:

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Bright red

Possesses a compact growth habit. Produces a mass of white berries and purple fall colour.

Silver & Gold Dogwood

Cornus sericea 'Silver & Gold'

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Green variegated

A variegated form of Yellowtwig Dogwood selected for its unique stem and leaf coloring and ease of culture. A Mature Spreading shrub with bright yellow stems.

Golden Spirit Smokebush

Corylus - Hazelnut American Hazelnut

Corylus americana

Mature Height: Fruit:

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Rounded edible nuts

A native shrub that produces clusters of rounded, edible nuts. Attracts wildlife and creates a naturalized setting. Grows well in sun to partial shade.

Cotinus - Smokebush Golden Spirit Smokebush

Cotinus coggygria ‘Ancot’

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 4

5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Yellow, touch of red

A Smokebush with outstanding golden summer foliage. Contrasts especially well with darkfoliaged shrubs. Orange-red fall colour. U.S.P.P. 13,082

Royal Purple Smokebush

Cotinus coggygria ‘Royal Purple’

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 5

5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Deep purple

Velvety, purple foliage and panicles of beige flowers in midsummer. Collector plant that may die back to the snowline but shows vigorous regrowth in spring.

Cotoneaster Hedge Cotoneaster

Cotoneaster lucidus

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Mature Spread: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Glossy, dark green

Royal Purple Smokebush

The glossy, dark green leaves turn a brilliant orange-red colour in autumn. An excellent plant for hedging because it responds well to shearing.

Daphne Rose Daphne

Daphne cneorum

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

10 -12 Inches (0.3 m) Deep rose pink

Mature Spread: 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

Low, spreading, broadleaf evergreen. Produces a profusion of highly fragrant flowers in late May. Suited to heavy soils that are well drained.

Diervilla - Bush Honeysuckle Cool

Splash®

Dwarf Honeysuckle

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

3 Feet (1 m) Variegated (white/green)

Diervilla sessilifolia ‘LPDC Podaras’

Hedge Cotoneaster

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (1 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

The first variegated Diervilla with foliage that remains crisp and clean throughout the summer. Yellow blooms in July. Performs well on a variety of soils.

Elaeagnus - Olive Russian Olive Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Elaeagnus angustifolia 20 Feet (6 m) Silver

Mature Spread: 20 Feet (6 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

This plant can be grown as a shrub or a small specimen tree. Silvery-gray foliage, fragrant flowers and decorative fruits. Very tolerant to salt & drought.

Cool Splash® Diervilla

21

ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS Elaeagnus - Olive Silverscape® Olive Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Elaeagnus x ‘Jefmorg’ 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Silver

Mature Spread: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

Sterile hybrid between Russian Olive and Silverberry with silver foliage and less suckering. Useful for naturalization and erosion control. Selected by Greg Morganson of Bismarck, N.D.

Euonymus - Burning Bush Maacks Burning Bush

Turkestan Burning Bush

Euonymus nana 'Turkestanica'

Mature Height: Fruit Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

3 Feet (0.9 m) Pink capsules

An attractive plant with evergreen leaves that turn pinkish-red in the fall. It has an upright form with a sprawling habit. Excellent for mass plantings.

Maacks Burning Bush

Euonymus hamiltonianus maacki

Mature Height: Fruit Colour:

Mature Spread: 8 - 10 Feet (3 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

8 - 10 Feet (3 m) Pink capsules

Outstanding shrub with interesting pink fruit in the fall. The orange arils and red seeds contrast with the green foliage. Full sun to partial shade.

Northern Gold Forsythia

Dwarf Winged Burning Bush

Euonymus alatus 'Compactus'

Mature Height: Fruit Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

3 Feet (0.9 m) Pink capsules

This compact form of Winged Euonymus has square corky branches and red fruit. The dark green foliage turns brilliant red in the fall.

Forsythia Northern Gold Forsythia

Forsythia x 'Northern Gold'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Yellow (early spring)

A spectacular display of golden-yellow spring flowers appear before the dark green leaves. This cultivar has the hardiest flower buds of the species. Excellent for groupings, borders.

Genista - Broom Dwarf Broom Dwarf Broom

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Genista lydia 18 Inches (0.5 m) Yellow

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

A dwarf flowering shrub with slender, pendulous branches covered with golden yellow flowers in June. Full sun.

New

Hippophae - Buckthorn Sea Buckthorn

Hippophae rhamnoides

Mature Height: 12 Feet (4 m) Mature Spread: 12 Feet (4 m) Flower Colour: Yellow, orange fruit Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2 Large shrub with silvery foliage, yellow flowers and orange fruit. Drought and salt tolerant.

Hydrangea Annabelle Hydrangea Bella Anna Hydrangea New

H. arborescens grandiflora ‘ Annabelle’

Mature Height: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Flower Colour: White (mophead) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 A large flowered hydrangea that requires a sheltered location. The large pure-white flowers produced in July are long-lasting. Spring pruning to 6" in Mature Height will renew the plant.

Bella Anna Hydrangea

New

H. arborescens grandiflora ‘‘PIIHA-1’

Mature Height: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Flower Colour: Pink (mophead) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 New listing for 2012. The first pink Annabelle hydrangea in the Endless Summer® Collection! Bella Anna produces large, pink blooms from early summer through fall, with minimal care.

Bombshell Hydrangea

22

Bombshell Hydrangea

Hydrangea paniculata 'Bombshell' New Mature Height: 2 - 3 Feet (1 m) Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Flower Colour: White (mophead) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 New listing for 2012. Bombshell has a compact habit and is a prolific bloomer. Abundant white blooms cover the dark green foliage from summer until frost. Bombshell has more flowers per plant than any other paniculata.

ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS Hydrangea Endless Summer® Hydrangea

Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Bailmer’

Mature Height: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Flower Colour: Pink (mophead) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3/4 The first cultivar of this species to bloom on new wood. Mops of pink or blue flowers. Requires a sheltered location and adequate winter protection. Bailey Nurseries introduction.

Incrediball Hydrangea

Hydrangea arborescens ‘Abetwo’

Mature Height: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Flower Colour: White (mophead) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 An exciting variant of Annabelle Hydrangea that produces massive 12" panicles on sturdy stems! The flowers emerge lime green, changing to pure snowy white.

Invincibelle Spirit Hydrangea

Endless Summer® Hydrangea

Hydrangea arborescens ‘NCHA1’

Mature Height: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Flower Colour: Pink (mophead) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 The first member of this species to offer rich pink mophead flowers in mid summer. Heat tolerant. Grows in full sun to part shade. Soil pH does not affect bloom colour.

Limelight® Hydrangea

Hydrangea paniculata 'Limelight'

Mature Height: 5 - 6 Feet (2 m) Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (2 m) Flower Colour: Green-white (panicle) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 Upright rounded shrub with outstanding lime-green flowers. Adds a sudden burst of colour to the late summer landscape. Flowers on new wood.

Little Lamb® Hydrangea

Hydrangea paniculata 'Little Lamb'

Mature Height: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Flower Colour: White (panicle) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 Masses of dense white panicles are produced on this compact rounded plant. Hybridized by Jelena DeBelder, Belgium. USPP 15395

Little Lamb® Hydrangea

New Hydrangea paniculata 'Jane' Mature Height: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Flower Colour: Green-white (panicle) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 New listing for 2012. A dwarf selection of the renowned Limelight Hydrangea, Little Lime fits well into any landscape. Its flowers take on a pink hue in fall and make spectacular bouquets.

Little Lime® Hydrangea

Pinky Winky® Hydrangea

Hydrangea paniculata 'DVPpinky'

Mature Height: 5 - 6 Feet (2 m) Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (2 m) Flower Colour: White-pink (panicle) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 A colourful new shrubs with 14 inch, double-flowered panicles borne on strong stems. The cream flowers turn dark pink from the base of the inflorescence.

Quickfire® Hydrangea

Hydrangea paniculata 'Bulk'

Mature Height: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Mature Spread: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Flower Colour: Pink (panicle) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 Well named for its early blooms (up to a month earlier than other cultivars) that rapidly turn a deep and lasting pink.

Unique Hydrangea

Hydrangea paniculata ‘Unique’

Invincibelle Spirit® Hydrangea

Mature Height: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Flower Colour: White (panicle) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 The cream panicles are larger than ‘PeeGee’ and make an outstanding floral display. Flower petals turn pink.

Vanilla Strawberry® Hydrangea

Hydrangea paniculata 'Renhy'

Mature Height: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Mature Spread: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Flower Colour: White-pink (panicle) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 Enormous flower panicles are a blend of vanilla and strawberry. Red colour in flowers persists for 3-4 weeks. Bailey Nurseries Inc. introduction.

Lonicera - Honeysuckle Arnold Red Honeysuckle

Lonicera tatarica 'Arnold Red'

Mature Height: 6 - 10 Feet (3 m) Mature Spread: 6 - 10 Feet (3 m) Flower Colour: Rosy-red Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2 This upright, rounded shrub produces deep, rosy red flowers and blue-green foliage.

Quickfire® Hydrangea

23

ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS Lonicera - Honeysuckle Honeyrose Honeysuckle

Lonicera tatarica 'Honeyrose'

Mature Height: 6 - 10 Feet (3 m) Mature Spread: 6 - 10 Feet (3 m) Flower Colour: Rosy red Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 This upright, rounded shrub produces deep rosy-red flowers and blue-green foliage. Resists witches broom aphid.

Miniglobe Honeysuckle Snowbelle Mockorange

Lonicera x xylosteoides 'Miniglobe'

Mature Height: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Flower Colour: Yellow-white Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 The best compact, dwarf honeysuckle for the prairies. The superior, dark green foliage and compact growth habit make this an ideal foundation plant.

Philadelphus - Mockorange Blizzard Mockorange

Philadelphus lewisii 'Blizzard'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 5 Feet (1.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) White, fragrant

Covered with clusters of fragrant white flowers in mid-summer. A hardier form of Lewis Mockorange developed by the late Mr. John Wallace and named by the Morden Research Station.

Golden Mockorange New

Galahad Mockorange

Philadelphus x 'Galahad'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) White, fragrant

This compact shrub has glossy leaves and produces fragrant, single white flowers in late June.

Golden Mockorange

Philadelphus coronarius 'Aurea'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) White, fragrant

One of the best golden foliaged shrubs. Fragrant single, white flowers. Makes a fine hedge.

Snowbelle Mockorange

Philadelphus x ‘Snowbelle’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) White, fragrant

A Canadian introduction, this small shrub is loaded with clusters of deeply fragrant, double, pure white blossoms. Snowbelle is ideal for smaller gardens.

Amber Jubilee® Ninebark

Physocarpus - Ninebark Amber

Jubilee®

Ninebark

New

Physocarpus opulifolius 'Jefam'

Mature Height: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Foliage Colour: Orange, green Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 New listing for 2012. An exciting new hybrid ninebark resulting from a cross between Diabolo and Dart’s Gold. Emerging foliage is an outstanding orange. Purple fall colour.

Center Glow® Ninebark

Physocarpus opulifolius 'Center Glow'

Mature Height: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Foliage Colour: Golden-burgundy Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 A hybrid from a cross between Diabolo and Dart’s Gold. Foliage emerges golden then quickly changes to burgundy. Minnesota LPDC introduction.

Coppertina® Ninebark Center Glow® Ninebark

Physocarpus opulifolius 'Mindia'

Mature Height: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Foliage Colour: Golden-burgundy Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 A hybrid between Dart’s Gold and Diabolo. New growth is an attractive coppery colour. Foliage turns to a rich red in summer. A Proven Winners Introduction. USPP #16,371

Dart's Gold Ninebark

Physocarpus opulifolius 'Dart's Gold'

Mature Height: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Foliage Colour: Golden Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2 A hardy plant with outstanding golden foliage. Ideal for contrast in the landscape. Suitable for foundation or border plantings.

Diabolo® Ninebark

24

Physocarpus opulifolius 'Monlo'

Mature Height: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Foliage Colour: Purple Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 A dark purple leafed ninebark which adds a new colour for this genus. Creamy white flowers in the spring. USPP #11,211

Dart’s Gold / Diabolo Ninebark

ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS

New

Physocarpus - Ninebark Lemon Candy® Ninebark

New

Physocarpus opulifolius ‘Podaras 3’

Mature Height: 3 Feet (1 m) Mature Spread: 3 Feet (1 m) Foliage Colour: Lemon yellow Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 New listing for 2012. Lemon Candy has rich, golden foliage from spring to fall. It features white blooms in spring. Its compact habit is excellent for foundation and shrub border use.

Little Devil® Ninebark

New

Physocarpus opulifolius ‘Donna May’

Mature Height: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Foliage Colour: Dark crimson-red Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 New listing for 2012. A dwarf version of Diabolo, Little Devil features beautiful, deep burgundy foliage throughout the season and small white-pink clusters of flowers in June. This shrub is an excellent choice for any home garden because of its smaller size.

Summer Wine® Ninebark

Little Devil Ninebark

Physocarpus opulifolius 'Seward'

Mature Height: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Foliage Colour: Dark crimson-red Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 Dense shrub with neat and compact branching. Dark crimson-red foliage and pinkish-white blooms. Finer foliage than Diabolo. A Proven Winners Introduction. USPP #14,821

Potentilla Abbotswood Potentilla

Potentilla fruticosa 'Abbotswood'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) White

Summer Wine® Ninebark

The large pure-white flowers are produced over a long season. The plant has a spreading habit. Good for foundation plantings or low hedges.

Coronation Triumph Potentilla

Potentilla fruticosa 'Cor. Triumph'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Yellow

A plant with bright yellow flowers that are produced over a very long season. Like all potentillas it is well suited to dry and sunny conditions.

Goldfinger Potentilla

Potentilla fruticosa 'Goldfinger'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Yellow

A dense plant with very large and showy yellow flowers, up to 1½ inches in diameter. Compact habit and showy display make this an excellent specimen plant.

Gold Star Potentilla

Potentilla fruticosa ‘Gold Star’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

1 - 2 Feet (0.6 m) Golden-yellow

Goldfinger Potentilla

This dwarf and compact shrub produces large, deep-golden yellow flowers throughout the summer season. The largest blooms of all the potentilla.

Mango Tango® Potentilla

Potentilla fruticosa 'UMan'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 2 Feet (0.6 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

2 Feet (0.6 m) Orange-red

The plant is dense and compact in appearance with a mounded growth habit. Bi-colour flowers (orange base with red centre). University of Manitoba introduction. PBR #0755, USPP 12,258

McKay's White Potentilla

Potentilla fruticosa 'McKay's White'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

2 - 2.5 Feet (0.6 m) White

White creamy flowers with foliage that is a light blue-green colour. Mature Spreading growth with arching branches. A sport of Katherine Dykes introduced by McKay Nursery.

Orange Whisper Potentilla

Potentilla fruticosa 'Orange Whisper'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

2.5 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Orange

Mango Tango Potentilla

A compact plant producing pale-orange flowers. University of Manitoba introduction.

Pink Beauty® Potentilla

Potentilla fruticosa 'Pink Beauty'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

3 Feet (0.9 m) Pink

A University of Manitoba introduction with semi-double, clear-pink flowers and dark green foliage. Mature plant is bushy and full. PBR #0714, USPP #9,874

Pink Beauty® Potentilla

25

ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS Prunus - Cherry & Almond Cistena Cherry Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Prunus x cistena 4 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Purple-red

Mature Spread: 4 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

Purplish-red foliage from spring to fall make this an excellent plant for contrast in the landscape. Subject to winter tip kill, but grows back readily.

Cistena Cherry

Double Flowering Plum

Prunus triloba 'Multiplex'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Double-pink

The showy double pink blossoms usually cover the branches ahead of the green foliage.

Russian Almond Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Prunus tenella 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Rose-red

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

A small, globe-shaped plant with shiny, narrow leaves. The attractive single, rose-red flowers appear in May and are followed by fuzzy, almond-like fruit.

Rhus - Sumac Gro - Low Sumac Mature Height: Fall Colour:

Rhus aromatica ‘Gro-Low’ 2 - 3 Feet (1 m) Orange–red

Mature Spread: 6 Feet (2 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

Wide spreading shrub that is excellent for massing and erosion control. Orange-red fall colour.

Double Flowering Plum

Smooth Sumac Mature Height: Fall Colour:

Rhus glabra 5 - 10 Feet (3 m) Reddish-purple

Mature Spread: 5 - 10 Feet (3 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

A native shrub with dark green foliage and red fall colour. Well adapted to a dry conditions and poor soil. Suited for mass planting or controlling erosion.

Tiger EyesTM Sumac

Rhus typhina ‘Baitiger’

Mature Height: Fall Colour:

Mature Spread: 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3/4

4 Feet (1.25 m) Orange-yellow

An exciting addition to any landscape. Compound leaves emerge green then turn to bright yellow with red petioles. Excellent for massing. Bailey Nurseries introduction. USPP #16,185

Ribes - Currant

Alpine Currant Alpine Currant 'Schmidt'

Ribes alpinum

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Shiny green

One of the best shrubs for low hedges and foundation plantings. The leaves are green and shiny. This shrub is well suited for sun or shade and its shape can be easily maintained.

Golden Currant Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Ribes aureum 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Yellow, fragrant

Mature Spread: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

Produces golden flowers in spring and black fruit in late summer. Flowers attract hummingbirds and birds feed on the berries.

Salix - Willow Blue Fox Willow

Blue Fox Willow Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Salix brachycarpa 'Blue Fox' 3 Feet (0.9 m) Bluish-gray

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

An excellent, cold hardy selection for use as a dwarf accent plant. Suitable for hedge plantings.

Dwarf Blue Leaf Arctic Willow

Salix purpurea 'Nana'

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

3 Feet (0.9 m) Blue-green

An attractive hedge plant with fine-textured, blue-green foliage and purple twigs in winter.

Sandbar Willow Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

26

Dwarf Blue Leaf Arctic Willow

Salix interior 5 – 10 Feet (3 m) Green

Mature Spread: 5 - 10 Feet (3 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

A native shrub found in riparian areas. This rounded shrub has narrow green leaves and brown twigs. Suckering habit provides soil stabilization along slopes.

ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS Sambucus - Elder Black Lace Elder Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Sambucus nigra ‘Eva’ 4 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Deep purple

Mature Spread: 4 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 4

Outstanding dark purple foliage is finely cut producing a lacy appearance. Excellent container plant for patios. Part of the Proven Winners Collection. USPP #15,575

Goldenlocks Elder Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Sambucus racemosa ‘Goldenlocks’ 3 Feet (0.9 m) Yellow

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

Black Lace® Elder

Compact globe-shaped shrub with finely cut yellow foliage. Small red fruit is produced in the fall. An outstanding plant for contrast in the landscape.

Morden Golden Glow Elder

Sambucus racemosa ‘Morden Golden Glow’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Creamy white

An introduction from the Morden Research Station, Golden Glow offers improved vigour and outstanding lacy, golden foliage.

Red Elder Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Sambucus racemosa 8 - 10 Feet (3 m) Creamy white

Mature Spread: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

The very best shrub choice for songbirds; both for food and nesting sites. The small red berries are very showy. Regular pruning is required in a landscape setting.

Sutherland Golden Elder

S. racemosa ‘Sutherland Golden’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: Exposure / Hardiness:

6 Feet (2 m) Creamy white

Morden Golden Glow Elder

6 Feet (2 m) Zone 2

Fast growing shrub with yellow foliage and small red berries. Regular pruning is required.

Thundercloud Elder

Sambucus nigra ‘Thundercloud’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3/4

6 Feet (2 m) Light pink

A sport of 'Guincho Purple', this Elder has very dark purple-burgundy foliage. Distinctive red flower buds open to a lighter pink. Can be cut back each year to keep compact.

Shepherdia - Buffaloberry Silver Buffaloberry

Shepherdia argentea

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Mature Spread: 8 - 10 Feet (3 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

8 - 10 Feet (3 m) Silver

This native plant has silver leaves, thorny branches, yellowish-white flowers and orange-red fruit that is good for jelly. Excellent as a barrier planting.

Thundercloud Elder

Sorbaria - False Spirea Aurora False Spirea

Sorbaria x 'Aurora'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Plumes of white

This hybrid inherited the clean look and upright form of S. arborea and the cold hardiness of S. sorbifolia. Large panicles of white flowers. Excellent for mass plantings.

Sem False Spirea Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Sorbaria x 'Sem' 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Plumes of white

Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

A compact shrub with pink-red spring foliage that takes on a chartreuse tint in summer. White flower plumes are produced in mid-summer. Excellent container patio plant.

Silver Buffaloberry

SEM False Spirea

27

ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS Spiraea - Spirea Anthony Waterer Spirea

Spiraea x bumalda 'Anthony Waterer'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Rose-pink clusters

A shrub with blue green foliage that turns reddish-purple in fall. Attractive flowers in June and July. Known for its long season of bloom when cool conditions prevail.

Dakota Goldcharm Spirea

Dakota Goldcharm Spirea

Spiraea japonica ‘Mertyann’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

15-18 Inches (0.5 m) Bright pink clusters

A very dwarf, gold leafed Spirea that grows well in full sun. The new leaves are a light bronze colour before turning yellowish-gold. An NDSU introduction.

Dart's Red Spirea Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Spiraea x bumalda 'Dart's Red' 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Dark-red fading pink

Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

This very tight, mound-forming plant is an improved form of ‘Anthony Waterer’. Red is the colour that dominates the foliage.

Fairy Queen Spirea

Fairy Queen Spirea

Spiraea trilobata ‘Fairy Queen'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) White clusters

This compact shrub is covered with masses of white, flat-topped flowers in June. Prefers full sunlight.

Flaming Mound Spirea

Spiraea x bumalda 'Flaming Mound'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 2 Feet (0.6 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

2 Feet (0.6 m) Dark-pink clusters

A shrub with tight, mound-forming habit and attractive flaming-red foliage . The flower buds are a brilliant-red, while the flower heads turn dark pink to red.

Froebelli Spirea Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Spiraea x bumalda 'Froebelli' 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Pink clusters

Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

A very vigorous plant that produces flat clusters of pink flowers in July. Vigorous purple tips on the foliage in spring.

Goldflame Spirea

Goldflame Spirea Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Spiraea x bumalda 'Goldflame' 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Pink clusters

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

A shrub with many colour changes; bronzy-gold to red in spring to soft yellow during the summer and red again in the fall. The light pink flowers bloom all summer.

Goldmound Spirea

Spiraea x japonica 'Goldmound'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 18- 24 Inches (0.6 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

18- 24 Inches (0.6 m) Pink clusters

A very dense dwarf, compact ball-shaped spirea with golden foliage all season long. The light pink flowers appear in June-July.

Gumball Spirea Little Princess Spirea

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Spiraea x bumalda ‘Gumball’ 2 Feet (0.6 m) Pink clusters

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

Similar to ‘Froebelli’ but more compact. Produces flat clusters of bright pink flowers and purplish tips on the foliage in late spring. A good plant for small spaces.

Little Princess Spirea

Spiraea japonica 'Little Princess'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

2 Feet (0.6 m) Pink clusters

Compact spirea with green foliage and pink flowers. Excellent ground cover or dwarf specimen. Dark red fall colour.

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Magic Carpet Spirea

Spiraea japonica 'Magic Carpet'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 2 Feet (0.6 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

18 Inches (0.5 m) Pink clusters

A dwarf spirea with leaves that emerge red then mature into bronze, red-tipped foliage. Clusters of pink flowers in early summer. Full sun. USPP #9,363

Magic Carpet Spirea

ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS Spiraea - Spirea Mini Sunglo Spirea

Spiraea x bumalda 'Mini Sunglo'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 2 Feet (0.6 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

12- 15 Inches (0.4 m) Pink clusters

This seedling of ‘Goldmound’ is more dense and dwarf in habit. Brilliant yellow leaf colour holds well during the summer. Bron & Sons introduction.

Pink Parasols Spirea

Spiraea japonica 'Wilma'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (1 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

3 Feet (1 m) Umbrella blooms

Shirobana Spirea

A new ground covering spirea with big, pink, fluffy blooms and blue-green leaves. Orange-red fall colour. A Proven Winner introduction. USPP #15,397

Shirobana Spirea Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Spiraea japonica 'Shirobana' 2.5 Feet (0.8 m) Pink & white clusters

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

Produces flowers in a variety of colours. The leaves vary from a light to dark green. This shrub has a small mounded habit.

Snowmound Spirea

Spiraea nipponica 'Snowmound'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) White

A very showy flowering shrub with dark blue-green leaves contrasted by masses of white flowers in late May. Outstanding amoung spireas for its floral display.

Snowhite Spirea Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Three Lobe Spirea

Spiraea x trilobata 'Snowhite' 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) White

Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

The tiny white flowers with prominent stamens are produced on arching branches. Developed by F.L. Skinner of Dropmore, Manitoba.

Three-Lobe Spirea Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Spiraea trilobata 3 Feet (0.9 m) White

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

This shrub has graceful arching branches that are covered with white flowers in June. Leaves are 3-lobed.

Tor Spirea

Tor Spirea

Spiraea betulifolia 'Tor'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

2 - 3 Feet White

Mature Spread: Exposure / Hardiness:

2 - 3 Feet Zone 3

A compact mound of dark green, birch-like leaves. Tiny white flowers in late spring. Fall colour in shades of orange, red and purple. Excellent in rock gardens and foundation plantings.

Symphoricarpos - Snowberry White Snowberry Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Symphoricarpos occidentalis 3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Pink (white fruit)

Mature Spread: 3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

This erect shrub is planted for erosion control and wildlife habitat. Small flowers are followed by white berries. Tolerates shade and poor soils.

Amethyst™ Coralberry

Symphoricarpos x doorenbosii

Mature Height: Fruit Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Hot pink

A Proven Winners introductions with green foliage and clusters of bright pink fruit.

Amethyst® Coralberry

Tor Spirea

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ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS Syringa - American Lilacs Maiden's Blush Lilac

S. x hyacinthiflora ‘Maiden’s Blush’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

5 - 6 Feet(1.75 m) single, pink

Flowers freely, even as a young plant. One of the superior hybrids from F.L. Skinner. Introduced in 1966.

Pocahontas Lilac Maidens Blush Lilac

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Syringa x hyacinthiflora ‘Pocahontas’ 10 - 12 Feet (3.6 m) single, deep violet

Mature Spread: 10 - 12 Feet (3.6 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

This plant is a profuse bloomer with excellent vigour. Flowers earlier than French hybrids. F.L. Skinner hybrid.

Syringa - Father Fiala Lilacs Atheline Wilbur Lilac

Syringa vulgaris ‘Atheline Wilbur’

Mature Height: 8 Feet (2.5 m) Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Flower Colour: semi-double, violet Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 Excellent, semi-double violet flowers on a medium-sized plant.

Little Boy Blue Lilac Atheline Wilbur Lilac

Syringa vulgaris ‘Little Boy Blue’

Mature Height: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Flower Colour: single, special blue Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3 Also known as ‘Wonderblue’ this cultivar is one of the best lilacs for blue colour.

Wedgewood Blue Lilac

Syringa vulgaris ‘Wedgewood Blue’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

6 Feet (1.75 m) true blue, fragrant

Single, blue flowers with lilac pink buds. Superb fragrance.

Syringa - French Lilacs Common Lilac Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Little Boy Blue Lilac

Syringa vulgaris 12 - 15 Feet (4.5 m) Fragrant, blue

Mature Spread: 8 - 12 Feet (3.6 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

This vigorous shrub has attractive leaves and fragrant blossoms. Good for difficult sites and an excellent screen.

Beauty of Moscow Lilac

Syringa vulgaris ‘Krasavitsa Moskvy’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

8 Feet (2.5 m) double white

Panicles of double, delicate pale pink flowers that turn white with maturity. Stunning in bloom.

Belle de Nancy Lilac

Syringa vulgaris ‘Belle de Nancy’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

8 Feet (2.5 m) double pink

Purple red buds open to panicles of double pink blooms. Useful to create a fragrant privacy screen.

Beauty of Moscow Lilac

Charles Joly Lilac Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Syringa vulgaris ‘Charles Joly’ 8 Feet (2.5 m) double red

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

Smaller panicles of purple buds open to magenta double flowers.

Madame Lemoine Lilac

Syringa vulgaris ‘Madame Lemoine’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 10 Feet (3 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

8 - 10 Feet (3 m) double white

This showy lilac bears panicles of double white flowers on a spreading bush.

Prairie Petite® Lilac

Syringa vulgaris ‘Prairie Petite’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (1.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

3 - 4 Feet (1.8 m) Single pink, fragrant

A dense, compact lilac with light pink, upright flowers. Very tolerant of heat and dry conditions.

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Charles Joli Lilac

ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS Syringa - French Lilacs President Grevy Lilac

Syringa vulgaris ‘President Grevy’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 8 - 10 Feet (3 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

10 - 12 Feet (3.6 m) double, blue

Upright grower with large panicles of double, lilac blue flowers.

Sensation Lilac Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Syringa vulgaris ‘Sensation’ 10 - 12 Feet (3.6 m) bicolour (purple-white)

Mature Spread: 8 - 10 Feet (3 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

Madame Lemoine Lilac

Interesting, bi-coloured flowers with purple florets and a white border. An outstanding lilac.

Syringa - Preston Lilacs Charisma Lilac Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Syringa x prestoniae ‘Charisma’ 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) dark purple

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

A recently introduced compact selection of Royalty lilac. Makes an excellent small hedge. Nonsuckering.

Coral Lilac Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Syringa x prestoniae ‘Coral’ 8 - 10 Feet (3 m) clear pink

Mature Spread: 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

President Grevy Lilac

Pink flowers and light green foliage. Non-suckering.

Donald Wyman Lilac

Syringa x prestoniae ‘Donald Wyman’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

8 - 10 Feet (3 m) red-purple tone

Panicles of purple buds open to red-purple flowers. Non-suckering.

Minuet Lilac Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Syringa x prestoniae ‘Minuet’ 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) soft pink

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

Dense, compact plant with large dark green leaves. Light purple buds open to single, soft pink blooms. Non-suckering.

Miss Canada Lilac

Syringa x prestoniae ‘Miss Canada’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) bright pink

Sensation Lilac

This lilac blooms earlier and has larger leaves than other Preston varieties. It’s flowers are the brightest pink of the late flowering lilacs. Non-suckering.

Royalty Lilac Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Syringa x prestoniae ‘Royalty’ 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) dark purple

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.8 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

Dark-green leathery foliage, purple blooms. Non-suckering.

Other Lilacs - Syringa Bloomerang Lilac Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Syringa x ‘Penda’ 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Lavender-purple

Mature Spread: 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

An exciting new selection with fragrant purple flowers that burst forth in spring and then again in mid-summer. Compact growth habit with small leaves.

Dwarf Korean Lilac

Syringa meyeri 'Palibin'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Pink lavender

Coral Lilac

A distinctive lilac with a soft pink bloom and heavy fragrance. Dark green foliage covers this compact shrub. Makes an ideal hedge of small stature.

Shrub Selection Guide see page 34 Minuet Lilac

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ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS Other Lilacs - Syringa Josee Lilac

Syringa (patula x macrophylla) x meyeri

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

3 - 4 Feet (1.8 m) Single pink, fragrant

Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.8 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

A dense, compact lilac with light pink, upright flowers. This hybrid lilac blooms more than four times per year. Very tolerant of heat and dry conditions.

Miss Kim Lilac Dwarf Korean Lilac

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Syringa patula 'Miss Kim' 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Lavender purple

Mature Spread: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

Distinctive dwarf lilac with fragrant lavender purple flowers and purple fall colouration. Fragrant late bloomer.

Villosa Lilac

Syringa villosa

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Pink lavender

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

A dense tall shrub with stout ascending branches. This species blooms later than the common lilac. Lavender-pink flowers fade to gray-white. Non-suckering.

Viburnum - Arrowwood, Cranberry, Wayfaring Tree Alaska Cranberry Miss Kim Lilac

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Viburnum trilobum ‘Alaska’ 10 Feet (3 m) White (red fruit)

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

Produces flat clusters of white flowers followed by bright red fruit clusters in fall.

Blue Muffin Arrowwood

Viburnum dentatum 'Christom'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) White (blue fruit)

A compact selection of Arrowwood Viburnum with glossy leaves and intense blue fruit in late summer. Part of the Proven Winner Collection.

Compact American Cranberry

Viburnum trilobum 'Compactum'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) White (red fruit)

A compact selection of this species. Flat heads of white flowers appear in early-June followed by clusters of red berries in summer. The foliage turns red in the fall. Shade tolerant.

Compact American Cranberry

Dwarf European Cranberry

Viburnum opulus 'Nanum'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 1.5 - 2 Feet (0.6 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

1.5 - 2 Feet (0.6 m) White

A non-flowering plant that is characterized by very dense foliage. Excellent for foundation planting and hedges. Shade tolerant.

Emerald Triumph Wayfaring Tree

Viburnum lantana ‘Emerald Triumph’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) White (multicolour fruit)

This shrub has a more compact, rounded habit than the Wayfaring Tree. Glossy foliage and creamy, flat-topped flowers in spring give way to red-black fruit in the fall.

Blue Muffin® Viburnum

Garry Pink Cranberry

Viburnum trilobum 'Garry Pink'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

8 - 10 Feet (3 m) Pink (red fruit)

A selection of Highbush Cranberry whose sterile outer flowers are a delicate pink colour. Developed by John Walker at the University of Manitoba.

Hahs Cranberry Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Viburnum trilobum 'Hahs' 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Pink (red fruit)

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

A smaller selection of Highbush Cranberry with larger fruit. Creamy white flowers in spring. Deep purple fall colour. Useful as a specimen or screening plant.

Hardiness Zone Map

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Hahs Cranberry

see page 93

ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS Viburnum Highbush Cranberry

Viburnum trilobum

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

10 Feet (3 m) White (red fruit)

A native shrub that produces flat clusters of white flowers followed by attractive bright red cranberry clusters in the summer. The dark green, lobed leaves turn a scarlet-red in the fall.

Mohican Wayfaring Tree

Viburnum lantana ‘Mohican’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: Exposure / Hardiness:

6 Feet (2 m) White

Highbush Cranberry

6 Feet (2 m) Zone 3

A more dwarf and compact form of Wayfaring Tree. White flowers cover the plant in early spring and are followed by orange-red fruit in summer. Black fruit in autumn.

Nannyberry Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Viburnum lentago 8 - 10 Feet (3 m) White (blue fruit)

Mature Spread: 8 - 10 Feet (3 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

This native shrub produces white flowers in June followed by blue-black fruit. The upright growth form with brilliant red foliage in the fall makes this a good landscape choice.

Snowball Viburnum

Viburnum opulus 'Sterile'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

8 - 10 Feet (3 m) White

This popular plant produces large, double white flowers that later turn to light pink. The flowers are sterile so do not produce fruit. A showy plant with maple-like leaves. Prefers a shady location.

Wentworth Cranberry

Viburnum trilobum ‘Wentworth’

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 2

10 Feet (3 m) White

Mohican Viburnum

A heavy fruiting selection of this species. Large red fruit is good for making preserves.

Weigela Minuet Weigela Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Weigela florida 'Minuet' 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Ruby red

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

This dwarf cultivar blooms freely producing slightly fragrant flowers. The tube and corolla is ruby red, petal lobes are purple, throat is yellow.

My Monet Weigela

Weigela florida 'Verwig'

Mature Height: Foliage Colour:

Mature Spread: 12 - 15 Inches (0.5 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 4

12 - 15 Inches (0.5 m) Variegated (green/white)

Minuet Weigela

A compact weigela with very unique variegated foliage and pink flowers. Excellent patio plant. A Proven Winners Introduction. USPP #16,824

Red Prince Weigela

Weigela florida 'Red Prince'

Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Mature Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Brilliant red

This showy shrub produces a mass of tubular-shaped flowers that are a deep-red in colour.The upright and slender stems are covered by rich green leaves creating a loose habit.

Rumba Weigela Mature Height: Flower Colour:

Weigela florida 'Rumba' 3 Feet (0.9 m) Dark red

Mature Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

A vigorous, compact shrub that produces dark red flowers with a yellow throat from June to September. The foliage is an attractive green tinged with a bronzy-purple colour.

Tango Weigela Mature Height: Flower Colour:

My Monet® Weigela

Weigela florida 'Tango' 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Red

Mature Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Exposure / Hardiness: Zone 3

This shrub has a compact rounded growth habit and is covered with a profusion of pink flowers in the spring. The foliage is a purplish-green and turns a purple colour in fall.

Shrub Selection Guide see page 34 Rumba Weigela

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DECIDUOUS SHRUB SELECTION GUIDE FOLIAGE COLOUR Golden: • Morden Golden Glow Elder • Amber Jubilee Ninebark • Dart’s Gold Ninebark • Tiger Eyes® Sumac • SEM False Spirea Variegated: • Rose Glow Barberry • Ivory Halo® Dogwood • Cool Splash® Diervilla • My Monet® Weigela Purple: • Concorde Barberry • Royal Purple Smokebush • Center Glow® Ninebark • Summer Wine® Ninebark • Coppertina® Ninebark • Diabolo Ninebark

FLOWER COLOUR White: • Annabelle Hydrangea • Limelight / Little Lamb Hydrangea • Blizzard Mockorange • Abbotswood Potentilla • Highbush Cranberry • Snowball Viburnum Pink: • Rose Daphne • Endless Summer® Hydrangea • Pink Beauty® Potentilla • Double Flowering Plum • Dwarf Korean Lilac Yellow: • Common / Pygmy Caragana • Northern Gold Forsythia • Dwarf Broom • Goldfinger / Gold Star Potentilla Red: • Red Prince Weigela • Vanilla Strawberry Hydrangea

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FALL COLOUR Orange-red foliage: • Autumn Magic Chokeberry • Emerald Carousel Barberry • Hedge Cotoneaster • Tiger Eyes® Sumac Red foliage: • Atomic® Amur Maple • Dwarf Winged Euonymus • Compact American Cranberry • Alaska & Wentworth Cranberry Ornamental Fruit: • Redosier Dogwood • Maacks Euonymus • Turkestan Burning Bush • Blue Muffin® Viburnum • Mohican Viburnum • Highbush Cranberry • Emerald Triumph Viburnum

SHRUBS FOR WILDLIFE Fruit Attracts Song Birds: • Autumn Magic® Chokeberry • Hedge Cotoneaster • Redosier Dogwood • American Hazelnut • Honeysuckle • Nanking Cherry • Silver Buffaloberry • Blue Muffin® Viburnum • Highbush Cranberry • Mohican Viburnum • Nannyberry Flowers Attract Hummingbirds: • most Lilacs • Midnight Wine® Weigela • Minuet Weigela • Red Prince Weigela • Rumba Weigela • Tango Weigela

AMBER JUBILEE

NINEBARK

DART’S GOLD

DIABOLO

A hybrid from the cross ‘Diabolo’ x ‘Darts Gold’, Amber Jubilee® Ninebark was named in honour of Queen Elizabeth’s Diamond Jubilee in 2012. During a visit to Winnipeg on July 3rd, 2010 her majesty Queen Elizabeth II took part in the ceremonial planting of this colourful new shrub created in her honour. Amber Jubilee® offers a unique blend of foliage colours including new growth that takes on shades of yellow and orange in summer before turning purple in the fall. Foliage on mature sections of the plant is lime-green. Annual pruning of the stem tips will help this plant look its best. Protected by Plant Breeders Rights in Canada and a U.S. Plant Patent.

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VINES & CLIMBERS Celastrus - Bittersweet Autumn Revolution Bittersweet

Celastrus scandens ‘Bailumn’

Foliage: Glossy green Fruit: Orange, red seed Habit: Twining vine Hardiness: Zone 2 A breakthrough in bittersweet culture. Autumn Revolution is a self fruitful cultivar (no pollinator required) producing bright orange fruit that are more than double the size of the species. A First Editions introduction from Bailey Nurseries.

Clematis - Hardy Varieties Blue Bird Clematis

Autumn Revolution® Bittersweet

Clematis macropetala ‘Blue Bird’

Foliage: Glossy green Flowers: Habit: Twining vine Hardiness: Semi-double, outward-facing purple blue flowers in early summer

Blue Boy Clematis

Purple blue Zone 2

Clematis x ‘Blue Boy’

Foliage: Glossy green Flowers: Steel blue Habit: Twining vine Hardiness: Zone 2 Nodding, 4-5” steel blue flowers; blooms from June to September. Developed in Manitoba by Frank Skinner.

Ruby Clematis

Clematis alpina ‘Ruby’

Foliage: Glossy green Flowers: Mauve-red Habit: Twining vine Hardiness: Zone 2 Bell shaped, mauve-red flowers in May and June; attractive seed heads

Purpurea Plena Elegans Clematis Blue Bird Clematis

Clematis viticella ‘Purpurea Plena’

Foliage: Glossy green Flowers: Habit: Twining vine Hardiness: Double, 2-3”, rosy purple flowers from July to September

White Swan Clematis

Rose purple Zone 2

Clematis x ‘White Swan’

Foliage: Glossy green Flowers: Creamy white Habit: Twining vine Hardiness: Zone 2 Beautiful creamy white flowers in May and June, 5” diameter. Developed in Manitoba by Frank Skinner.

Clematis - Tender Varieties Etoile Violette Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegans Clematis

Jackmanii Clematis

Clematis macropetala ‘Etoile Violette’

Foliage: Glossy green Flowers: Habit: Twining vine Hardiness: Deep purple, 5 inch blooms, free flowering and vigorous.

Hagley Hybrid Clematis

Clematis macropetala ‘Hagley Hybrid’

Foliage: Glossy green Habit: Twining vine Shell-pink, 4 inch blooms.

Flowers: Hardiness:

Huldine Clematis

Clematis macropetala ‘Huldine’

Foliage: Glossy green Habit: Twining vine Pearly-white flowers, vigorous grower.

Flowers: Hardiness:

Jackmanii Clematis

Clematis macropetala ‘Jackmanii’

Foliage: Glossy green Flowers: Habit: Twining vine Hardiness: Deep purple, 4 - 6 inch blooms, one of the best known varieties.

Nelly Moser Clematis

Niobe Clematis

Pearly white Zone 3

Deep purple Zone 3

Pink with carmine Zone 3

Clematis macropetala ‘Niobe’

Foliage: Glossy green Flowers: Habit: Twining vine Hardiness: Very deep almost black ruby-red, 4 - 5 inch blooms

Nelly Moser Clematis

Light pink Zone 3

Clematis macropetala ‘Nelly Moser’

Foliage: Glossy green Flowers: Habit: Twining vine Hardiness: Pastel mauve-pink with carmine bar, 4 inch blooms

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Deep purple Zone 3

Ruby red Zone 3

VINES & CLIMBERS Clematis - Tender Varieties Ramona Clematis

Clematis macropetala ‘Ramona’

Foliage: Glossy green Habit: Twining vine Lavender-blue, 5 - 7 inch blooms

Flowers: Hardiness:

Lavender blue Zone 3

Ville de Lyon Clematis

Clematis macropetala ‘Ville de Lyon’

Foliage: Glossy green Habit: Twining vine Carmine-red blooms with lighter center

Flowers: Hardiness:

Carmine red Zone 3

Ville de Lyon Clematis

Humulus - Hops Golden Hop Vine

Humulus lupulus ‘Bianca’

Foliage: Golden yellow Fruit: Yellow bladder-type Habit: Twining vine Hardiness: Zone 3 A great vine for an arch or trellis. Produces yellow, bladder-type fruit in late summer.

Lonicera - Honeysuckle Dropmore Scarlet Honeysuckle

Lonicera x brownii ‘Scarlet Trumpet’

Foliage: Waxy green Flowers: Orange, red Habit: Twining vine Hardiness: Zone 2 The trumpet-shaped flowers bloom heavily throughout the summer. Requires a trellis for support. Developed by F.L. Skinner of Dropmore, Manitoba.

Parthenocissus - Ivy Engleman Ivy

P. quinquefolia ‘Englemannii’

Foliage: Glossy green Fall Colour: Red Habit: Twining vine Hardiness: Zone 3 A selection of Virginia Creeper with smaller leaves. Less vigorous, but is self-clinging. Deep red fall colour.

Virginia Creeper

Dropmore Scarlet Honeysuckle

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Foliage: Glossy green Fall Colour: Red Habit: Twining vine Hardiness: Zone 2 A fast growing vine with small blue fruit and dark green foliage that turns crimson red in the fall. Excellent for covering fences and buildings.

Vitis - Grape Native Grape

Vitis riparia

Foliage: Green Fruit: Blue-purple berries Habit: Twining vine Hardiness: Zone 2 Occurs naturally in riparian areas in Manitoba. Produces abundant clusters of small fruit that is excellent for wine or jelly. Light fall frost prior to harvest improves fruit quality.

Wisteria Blue Moon Wisteria

Wisteria macrostachya ‘Blue Moon’

Foliage: Green Flowers: Fragrant lavender blue Habit: Twining vine Hardiness: Zone 4 One of the hardiest of all wisterias, Blue Moon features chains of lavender flowers up to three times each year. Attracts hummingbirds to the garden.

Blue Moon Wisteria

37

HARDY ROSES

New

Rosa - Canadian Artists Roses This exciting new rose series was developed through cooperative efforts at the St-Jean, QC. and Morden AAFC Research Stations. Canadian Artists Roses are own rooted and repeat bloomers. New

Bill Reid Rose

Bill Reid Rose

Rosa x ‘Bill Reid’

Height: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Flowers: Yellow Hardiness: Zone 3 New listing for 2012. The latest in the Canadian Artist Rose series this attractive yellow rose is named for the acclaimed Haida sculptor. Compact plant with good disease resistance.

Emily Carr Rose

Rosa x ‘Emily Carr’

Height: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Spread: 4 Feet (1.25 m) Flowers: Medium red Hardiness: Zone 3 Named after the famous Canadian painter, this upright shrub covers itself in clusters of large, deep red blooms all season.

Felix Leclerc Rose

Rosa x ‘Felix Leclerc’

Height: 3 - 6 Feet (1.8 m) Spread: 4 Feet (1.25 m) Flowers: Medium pink Hardiness: Zone 3 Named after the famous French-Canadian singer, this variety covers itself in clusters of large, medium pink blooms all season. Can be trained as a climber.

Rosa - Parkland Roses These roses were developed at Manitoba’s own Morden Research Station. Parkland Roses are hardy in zones 2 and 3, own rooted and repeat bloomers.

Emily Carr Rose

Adelaide Hoodless Rose

Rosa x ‘Adelaide Hoodless’

Height: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Flowers: Medium red Hardiness: Zone 2 Semi-double to double flowers with 12-16 petals and a slight fragrance. Clusters of up to 35 buds have been noted for this cultivar. Resistant to powdery mildew.

Cuthbert Grant Rose

Rosa x ‘Cuthbert Grant’

Height: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Flowers: Crimson red Hardiness: Zone 3 This award winning rose produces double flowers have 15-20 petals. Plant blooms from early summer until fall. Flowers borne in clusters of 3-6.

Hope for Humanity Rose

Rosa x ‘Hope for Humanity’

Height: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Spread: 2 Feet (0.6 m) Flowers: Blood red Hardiness: Zone 3 Double cup-shaped blooms have 15-25 petals and light fragrance. Good resistance to powdery mildew and rust.

Morden Belle Rose

Marshalls Garden Peace Rose

New

Rosa x ‘Marshall’s Garden Peace’

Height: 2 Feet (0.6 m) Spread: 2 Feet (0.6 m) Flowers: Creamy white Hardiness: Zone 2 New listing for 2012. A sport of the popular cultivar Morden Blush. Abundant, creamy white flowers and glossy, disease resistant foliage.

Morden Belle Rose

Rosa x ‘Morden Belle’

Height: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Flowers: Medium pink Hardiness: Zone 3 The final introduction of the Parkland Rose Series from Morden. Abundant, medium pink flowers and glossy, disease resistant foliage.

Morden Blush Rose Morden Blush Rose

Rosa x ‘Morden Blush’

Height: 2 Feet (0.6 m) Spread: 2 Feet (0.6 m) Flowers: Ivory pink Hardiness: Zone 2 A dwarf plant with double flowers (50 petals) in clusters of 1-5. As they mature flowers fade from pink to ivory. Excellent for bouquets.

Morden Centennial Rose

Rosa x ‘Morden Centennial’

Height: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Flowers: Medium pink Hardiness: Zone 2 Lightly scented flowers have 40 petals and are borne in clusters of 1-4. Disease resistant.

Morden Fireglow Rose

38

Rosa x ‘Morden Fireglow’

Height: 2 Feet (0.6 m) Spread: 1 Foot (0.3 m) Flowers: Scarlet red Hardiness: Zone 2 Glowing red flowers have 28 petals. The unique flower colour was the result of lab-based selection based on petal pigments. Moderate resistance to powdery mildew.

Morden Fireglow Rose

HARDY ROSES Rosa - Parkland Roses Morden Sunrise Rose

Rosa x ‘Morden Sunrise’

Height: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Flowers: Yellow, pink blush Hardiness: Zone 3 Single (12 petals), bicoloured blooms with glossy foliage. Orange buds open to blooms in sunrise shades.

Prairie Joy Rose

Rosa x ‘Prairie Joy’

Height: 3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Flowers: Medium pink Hardiness: Zone 2 A dense plant with double flowers (30-40 petals). Excellent disease resistance. Dense foliage makes fine hedge.

Prairie Snowdrift Rose

New

Rosa x ‘Prairie Snowdrift’

Morden Sunrise Rose New

Height: 4 Feet (1.25 m) Spread: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Flowers: Cream white Hardiness: Zone 2 New listing for 2012. Full, cup-shaped cream-white blossoms with greenish-yellow centre. Blooms in flushes throughout the season.

Winnipeg Parks Rose

Rosa x ‘Winnipeg Parks’

Height: 2 Feet (0.6 m) Spread: 2 Feet (0.6 m) Flowers: Medium red Hardiness: Zone 2 A small, shrub rose with outstanding red flowers throughout the summer. Dark green foliage is tinged with red in the fall. Excellent disease resistance.

Prairie Snowdrift Rose

Rosa - Explorer Roses These roses were developed at Agriculture Canada’s Ottawa and St-Jean research stations. Explorer Roses are hardy in zones 2 and 3, own rooted and repeat bloomers.

Alexander Mackenzie Rose

Rosa x ‘Alexander Mackenzie’

Height: Flowers:

Spread: Hardiness:

5 Feet (1.5 m) Deep red

5 Feet (1.5 m) Zone 3

Recurrent bloomer with clusters of double, red flowers. New foliage has an attractive red tint. Used as a low climber.

Captain Samuel Holland Rose

Rosa x ‘Captain Samuel Holland’

Height: Flowers:

Spread: Hardiness:

5 Feet (1.5 m) Medium red

3 Feet (0.9 m) Zone 3

Ever-blooming rose with double, medium red flowers. Upright grower with arching branches. Resistant to mildew and black spot.

Champlain Rose Height: Flowers:

Rosa x ‘Champlain’ 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Dark red

Spread: Hardiness:

Winnipeg Rose Rose AlexanderParks Mackenzie

3 Feet (0.9 m) Zone 3

Large, velvety flowers with 30 petals are slightly fragrant. Shiny, green foliage is resistant to powdery mildew and black spot.

Frontenac Rose Height: Flowers:

Rosa x ‘Frontenac’ 3 Feet (0.9 m) Deep pink

Spread: Hardiness:

3 Feet (0.9 m) Zone 3

Heavy bloomer produces clusters of double, deep-pink flowers throughout the summer. Considered by many to offer the best disease resistance to black spot and powdery mildew.

J.P. Connell Rose Height: Flowers:

Rosa x ‘J.P. Connell’ 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Lemon yellow

Spread: Hardiness:

5 Feet (1.5 m) Zone 2

Captain Samuel Holland Rose

Double yellow flowers fade to cream as they mature. Blooms are abundant in June and produce an intense fragrance. Resistant to powdery mildew.

John Cabot Rose Height: Flowers:

Rosa x ‘John Cabot’ 8 - 10 Feet (3 m) Medium red

Spread: Hardiness:

4 Feet (1.25 m) Zone 2

An outstanding climbing rose with fragrant flowers. John Cabot blooms mainly in early summer, and offers good resistance to black spot and powdery mildew.

John Davis Rose Height: Flowers:

Rosa x ‘John Davis’ 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Medium pink

Spread: Hardiness:

4 Feet (1.25 m) Zone 2

This climbing rose has flowers with a spicy perfume fragrance. Recurrent blooms throughout the summer. Resistant to black spot and powdery mildew.

John Davis Rose

39

HARDY ROSES Rosa - Explorer Roses Lambert Closse Rose

Rosa x ‘Lambert Closse’

Height: Flowers:

Spread: Hardiness:

2 Feet (0.6 m) Medium pink

2 Feet (0.6 m) Zone 3

Upright bush-type rose with shiny green foliage. Blooms have up to 53 petals and are produced from June to September. Good resistance to black spot and powdery mildew.

Persian Yellow Rose

Royal Edward Rose

Rosa x ‘Royal Edward’

Height: Flowers:

Spread: Hardiness:

2 Feet (0.6 m) Medium pink

2 Feet (0.6 m) Zone 3

This spreading rose makes a fine groundcover. Flowers are produced freely from June until frost. Resistant to powdery mildew and blackspot.

Rosa - Shrub Roses Hansa Rose

Rosa rugosa ‘Hansa’

Height: Flowers:

3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Medium red

Spread: Hardiness:

3 Feet (0.9 m) Zone 2

Very fragrant, double, crimson coloured flowers are followed by large scarlet hips. Recurrent bloomer with reliable cold hardiness.

Purple Pavement Rose

Persian Yellow Rose

Rosa foetida periana

Height: Flowers:

Spread: Hardiness:

5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Bright yellow

3 Feet (0.9 m) Zone 4

Small, double golden-yellow flowers are borne along the vigorous canes. Early bloomer.

Purple Pavement Rugosa Rose

Rosa x ‘Purple Pavement’

Height: Flowers:

Spread: Hardiness:

3 Feet (0.9 m) Purple-red

3 Feet (0.9 m) Zone 2

Blooms throughout the summer with large clusters of semi-double flowers.

Redleaf Rose

Rosa glauca

Height: Flowers:

4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Medium pink

Spread: Hardiness:

4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Zone 2

Simple flowers complement this species outstanding red-tinged foliage.

Snow Pavement Rose

Scarlet Pavement Rugosa Rose

Rosa x ‘Scarlet Pavement’

Height: Flowers:

Spread: Hardiness:

3 Feet (0.9 m) Red

3 Feet (0.9 m) Zone 2

Blooms throughout the summer with large clusters of semi-double flowers.

Snow Pavement Rugosa Rose

Rosa x ‘Snow Pavement’

Height: Flowers:

Spread: Hardiness:

2 Feet (0.6 m) Snowy-white

3 Feet (0.9 m) Zone 2

Blooms throughout the summer with semi-double blossoms. Low spreading habit.

Therese Bugnet Rose

Rosa x ‘Therese Bugnet’

Height: Flowers:

Spread: Hardiness:

4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Pink

4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Zone 2

Large fragrant flowers are produced on old wood from mid-June until frost. Other features include red fall foliage and colourful red stems for winter effect.

Topaz Jewel Rose Therese Bugnet Rose

Height: Flowers:

Rosa rugosa ‘Topaz Jewel’ 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Yellow

Spread: Hardiness:

3 Feet (0.9 m) Zone 4

The first re-blooming yellow Rugosa rose. Fragrant blooms are borne in sprays of 5-10 all over its arching branches. Some top dieback in zone 3.

Wild (Woods) Rose

Rosa woodsii

Height: Flowers:

Spread: Hardiness:

4 Feet (1.25 m) Pink

4 Feet (1.25 m) Zone 3

This durable, native rose produces single red-pink flowers followed by orange-red hips. Well adapted to a variety of soil types.

Rosa - Easy Elegance™ Roses Sunrise

40

Sunrise Sunset Rose

Sunset®

Rose

Rosa x ‘BAIset’

Height: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Flowers: Pink blend Hardiness: Zone 3/4 Each flower is a stunning blend of colours; bright fuchsia pink petals turn to apricot near centers. This ever-blooming groundcover has shown good winter hardiness in zone 3.

CA29 Rose - coming in 2013 Bill Reid Rose - new for 2012 New

An outstanding website for rose lovers:

www.canadianartistsroses.com

A rose should be planted in a well-aerated, sunny location that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight each day.

Roses can be fertilized on a monthly basis until early August and watered once per week, preferably in the morning.

Watering roses at soil level, under the foliage, reduces leaf wetness and limits disease development.

Removal of spent flowers and fruit will promote the development of new rose buds.

41

TENDER ROSES Rosa - Tender Roses Bing Crosby (Hybrid Tea) – dark clear orange, light spice fragrance Black Bacarra (Hybrid Tea) – deep shade of red, almost black Caribia – orange and red striped with a splash of yellow, light fragrance

New

Chicago Peace (Hybrid Tea) – blend of phlox pink and canary yellow; light fragrance Chrysler Imperial (Hybrid Tea) – velvety dark red; strong fragrance Cinco de Mayo (Floribunda) – smoke lavender & rusty red-orange blend, moderate fragrance Dick Clark (Grandiflora) – cream and cherry blushed burgundy; mild fragrance Double Delight (Hybrid Tea) – cream blushing red; strong fragrance Dream Come True (Grandiflora) – golden-yellow edged and blushed with ruby; mild fragrance

Ink Spots Hybrid Tea Rose

Elizabeth Taylor (Hybrid Tea) – shocking pink with smoky edges, light spice fragrance Fragrant Plum (Grandiflora) – lavender blushing purple; strong, fruity fragrance Fragrant Cloud (Hybrid Tea) – orange red; very strong fragrance Gold Medal (Grandiflora) – golden yellow with hint of orange, rich fruity fragrance Granada (Hybrid Tea) – swirls of gold, peach, pink & red; strong fragrance Ink Spots (Hybrid Tea) – blackened velvet red, light fragrance Intrigue (Floribunda) – novel plum purple; strong fragrance Judy Garland (Floribunda) – yellow blushing to hot orange & scarlet, strong fragrance Love (Grandiflora) – scarlet with pure white reverse; light fragrance Love & Peace (Hybrid Tea) – golden yellow, edged in pink, strong fruity fragrance Miss All American Beauty (Hybrid Tea) – hot pink; strong fragrance Mister Lincoln (Hybrid Tea) – velvety deep red; strong fragrance New Olympiad – scarlet red, light fragrance

Paradise Hybrid Tea Rose

Paradise (Hybrid Tea) – purple blend; strong fragrance Pascali (Hybrid Tea) – creamy white; light fragrance Peace (Hybrid Tea) – lemony yellow edged pure pink; light fragrance New Queen Elizabeth (Grandiflora) – clear pink, moderate fragrance Sheila’s Perfume (Floribunda) – yellow blend edged with deep pink; very fragrant Sterling Silver (Hybrid Tea) – silvery lavender grey; strong fragrance Sunsprite (Floribunda) – deep yellow; strong fragrance Sweet Surrender (Hybrid Tea) – shade of rosy pink; strong, sweet fragrance Tropicana (Hybrid Tea) – clear coral orange; moderate fragrance

Rosa - Climbing Roses Don Juan – deep velvety red flowers; strong fragrance Golden Showers – bright clear yellow flowers; moderate fragrance Joseph’s Coat – multicolors of red, pink, orange and yellow; light fragrance

Sheila’s Perfume Hybrid Tea Rose

Rosa - Miniature Roses Small flowered roses growing to a height of 12-16”. Very compact in habit. Own-root. Be My Baby – red buds open to pink blossoms, mild fragrance Coffee Bean – rust and smoke bicolor flowers, mild fragrance Daddy’s Little Girl – rich rose pink and cream bicolor, slight fragrance Rainbows End – deep yellow blushing to orange red, mild fragrance Ruby Ruby – cherry-red flowers, light fragrance Smoke Rings – melon orange with a smoky purple border, slight fragrance Tiddly Winks – orange pink and glowing yellow bicolor flowers, light fragrance

Rosa - Patio Tree Roses These Floribunda rose varieties are budded onto a 24” trunk. Chihuly – showy, multi-coloured flowers; light fragrance Cinco de Mayo – smoky lavender and rusty red-orange blend, moderate fragrance Ebb Tide – smoky deep plum purple flowers; strong fragrance Ketchup & Mustard – ketchup red & mustard yellow bicolor, mild fragrance Lava Flow – very dark red, light fragrance

New Livin’ Easy – apricot orange blend; moderate fragrance Scentimental – burgundy red & creamy white; strong fragrance

42

Sunsprite – deep yellow flowers; strong fragrance

Cinco de Mayo Patio Tree Rose

New

New

EVERGREENS & CONIFERS Abies - Fir Dwarf Balsam Fir Height: Foliage:

Abies balsamea ‘Nana’ 2 Feet (1.25 m) Green

Spread: Hardiness:

3 Feet (0.9 m) Zone 2

A dark-green evergreen with mounded habit. Fine textured foliage.

Chamaecyparis - Falsecypress Golden Mops Threadleaf Falsecypress

Chamaecyparis pisifera ‘Filifera Mops’

Height: Shape:

Spread: Hardiness:

3 Feet (1 m) Mound

Arcadia Juniper

3 Feet (1 m) Zone 4

Soft, feathery, thread-like branches that are a striking yellow in colour. A slow growing plant that forms an irregular mound.

Juniperus - Spreading Juniper Arcadia Juniper Height: Foliage:

Juniperus sabina ‘Arcadia’ 24-30 Inches (0.75m) Medium green

Spread: Hardiness:

3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Zone 2

This all purpose juniper has soft foliage that is a medium green in colour. The branch habit is semi-spreading. Prefers full sun.

Blue Chip Juniper Height: Foliage:

Blue Chip Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis ‘Blue Chip’ 9 - 12 Inches (0.3 m) Silver blue

Spread: Hardiness:

3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Zone 3

A low mounding juniper with branches radiating from the centre. The silver blue colour of the foliage is retained throughout the year.

Blue Danube Juniper

Juniperus sabina ‘Blue Danube’

Height: Foliage:

Spread: Hardiness:

24-30 Inches (0.8 m) Blue green

3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Zone 3

A broad, semi-erect and spreading plant with shimmering, blue-green foliage.

Blue Forest Juniper

Juniperus sabina ‘Blue Forest’

Height: Foliage:

Spread: Hardiness:

12 Inches (0.3 m) Blue green

3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Zone 3

Calgary Carpet Juniper

A low growing plant with erect branches so spread is reduced. Use this plant in rock gardens or as a groundcover in small sites.

Blue Star Juniper Height: Foliage:

Juniperus squamata ‘Blue Star’ 12 Inches (0.3 m) Blue green

Spread: Hardiness:

12- 18 Inches (0.5 m) Zone 3

Forms a mounded shape of bright, steel blue foliage. A slow growing, compact juniper suited for sheltered locations such as rock gardens. Full sun to light shade.

Calgary Carpet Juniper

Juniperus sabina ‘Calgary Carpet’

Height: 18- 24 Inches (0.6 m) Spread: 3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Foliage: Bright green Hardiness: Zone 3 A compact, dense form of ‘Arcadia’ with attractive horizontal branching. The soft foliage is appealing bright green.

Gold Lace Juniper

Gold Lace Juniper

Juniperus chinesis ‘P. Aurea Gold Lace’

Height: 2 feet (0.6 m) Spread: 4 Feet (1.25 m) Foliage: Bright yellow Hardiness: Zone 3 Semi-dwarf evergreen with feathery, foliage that is bright yellow in colour.

Golden Pfitzer Juniper

Juniperus chinensis ‘P. Aurea’

Height: 24-30 Inches (0.75m) Spread: 3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Foliage: Light green Hardiness: Zone 3 The gray-green foliage is highlighted with a bright golden-yellow colour of the new growth. Prefers full sun.

Hughes Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis ‘Hughes’

Height: 12- 15 Inches (0.4 m) Spread: 3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Foliage: Silver blue Hardiness: Zone 2 A silvery-blue, low growing, spreading juniper with silver blue foliage. Popular choice for landscapers. Prefers full sun.

Hughes Juniper

43

EVERGREENS & CONIFERS Juniperus - Spreading Juniper Icee Blue Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis ‘Monber’

Height: 15 Inches (0.4 m) Spread: 3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Foliage: Silver blue Hardiness: Zone 3 A low growing, wide spreading ground cover with a dense crown. Foliage is an outstanding silver-blue.

Icee Blue Juniper

Prince of Wales Juniper

J. horizontalis 'Prince of Wales'

Height: 9 - 12 Inches (0.3 m) Spread: 3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Foliage: Blue green Hardiness: Zone 2 A low ground-hugging plant forming a dense mat. The medium bright green foliage turns purple in the fall.

Savin Juniper

Juniperus sabina 'Savin'

Height: 36-48 Inches (1.25m) Spread: 3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Foliage: Dark green Hardiness: Zone 2 Tall vase shape makes this plant useful where large junipers are required.

Skandia Juniper

Prince of Wales Juniper

Juniperus sabina 'Skandia'

Height: 24 Inches (0.6 m) Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Foliage: Bright green Hardiness: Zone 2 A low, compact juniper with graceful branches of soft, bright green foliage.

Youngstown Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis 'Youngstown'

Height: 15- 18 Inches (0.5 m) Spread: 3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Foliage: Light green Hardiness: Zone 2 A dense, low growing juniper with light green foliage in the summer changing to a plum colour in autumn. Also known as Compact Plumosa.

Juniperus - Upright Juniper Medora Columnar Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum 'Medora'

Height: Foliage:

Spread: Hardiness:

10 - 12 Feet (3.6 m) Blue green

3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Zone 2

The best of the upright blue-needled forms. It requires little shearing to maintain the narrow pyramidal form. Selected from the Badlands of N.D.

Medora Juniper

Wichita Blue Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum 'Wichita Blue'

Height: Foliage:

Spread: Hardiness:

10 - 12 Feet (3.6 m) Blue green

5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Zone 3

A broad pyramidal form with light silver-blue foliage. It requires shearing to keep it neat. Useful for screens and hedges.

Larix - Larch Oasis Siberian Larch

Larix siberica ‘Durcarl’

Height: Shape:

Spread: Hardiness:

60 Feet (21 m) Pyramidal

20 Feet (6 m) Zone 2

A selection of Siberian Larch. Needles remain green longer than the species, then turn golden and are retained well into fall. Prairie Shade Nursery introduction.

Siberian Larch Siberian Larch

Height: Shape:

Larix siberica 50 - 70 Feet (21 m) Pyramidal

Spread: Hardiness:

15 - 20 Feet (6 m) Zone 2

A deciduous conifer with a pyramidal shape. The soft needles turn golden yellow in autumn.

Microbiota - Russian Cypress Russian Cypress Height: Foliage:

Microbiota decussate 18 Inches (0.5 m) Green

Spread: Hardiness:

3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Zone 2

A dwarf, densely branched evergreen that has a spreading growth form and cedar-like foliage. Grows well in both sun and shade.

Hardiness Zone Map

44

Russian Cypress

see page 93

EVERGREENS & CONIFERS Picea - Upright Spruce Colorado Blue Spruce

Picea pungens 'Glauca'

Height: Foliage:

Spread: Hardiness:

50 - 65 Feet (19 m) Blue green

25 Feet (7.5 m) Zone 2

A hardy, drought resistant conifer with a symmetrical broad-pyramid form. Useful as a specimen or windbreak.

Select Blue Spruce

Picea pungens ‘Select Blue’

Height: Foliage:

Spread: Hardiness:

50 - 65 Feet (19 m) Silver blue

25 Feet (7.5 m) Zone 2

Select Blue Spruce

A hardy, seedling strain of Colorado Blue Spruce with intense silver-blue needles. Useful as a specimen or windbreak.

White Spruce (Black Hills Strain)

Picea glauca 'Densata'

Height: 35 - 45 Feet (13 m) Spread: 15 - 20 Feet (6 m) Foliage: Dark green Hardiness: Zone 2 A special strain of white spruce that is dense, dark green producing an excellent specimen.

Picea - Dwarf Spruce Globe Blue Spruce

Picea pungens 'Globosa'

Height: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Spread: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Foliage: Blue Hardiness: Zone 2 An outstanding dwarf spruce with blue foliage. Compact, mounded shape. Useful as an accent plant in the landscape.

Bird’s Nest Spruce

Globe Blue Spruce

Picea abies ‘Nidiformis’

Height: 5 Feet (1.5 m) Spread: 5 Feet (1.5 m) Foliage: Dark green Hardiness: Zone 3 Slow-growing evergreen shrub with fine foliage and a flat spread, resembling a "bird's nest." Very effective as an accent, specimen or foundation plant. Also suitable in rock gardens.

Dwarf Norway Spruce

Picea abies ‘Pumila’

Height: 3 Feet (0.9 m) Spread: 3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Foliage: Dark green Hardiness: Zone 3 Globe shaped, slow growing evergreen shrub. Attractive dark-green foliage forms a broad globe. Prefers full sun.

Little Gem Spruce Height: Foliage:

Picea abies ‘Little Gem’ 18 Inches (0.5 m) Green

Spread: Hardiness:

5 Feet (1.5 m) Zone 3

Dwarf Norway Spruce

This slow growing dwarf evergreen shrub has a flat-topped, globe form. Forms a symmetrical mound. A rock garden plant.

Ohlendorffi Spruce

Picea abies ‘Ohlendorffi’

Height: Foliage:

Spread: Hardiness:

5 Feet (1.5 m) Green

5 Feet (1.5 m) Zone 3

A dwarf growing evergreen shrub with a broad, conical form. Attractive yellow-green needles and brown winter buds.

Weeping Norway Spruce

Picea abies ‘Pendula’

Height: Foliage:

Spread: Hardiness:

6 Feet (2 m) Green

6 Feet (2 m) Zone 3

A slow growing evergreen with pendulous branching. Short, dark-green needers make a unique specimen tree. Prefers full sun or partial shade.

Dwarf Serbian Spruce

Pinus - Mugo Pine Mugo Pine Height: Foliage:

Pinus mugo mughus 5- 15 Feet (1.5 - 4 m) Bright green

Spread: Hardiness:

5- 10 Feet (1.5 - 3 m) Zone 2

A two-needled pine with a dwarf, mushroom-like shape. The needles remain a bright green colour all year round.

Dwarf Mugo Pine Height: Foliage:

Pinus mugo pumilio 3 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Bright green

Spread: Hardiness:

4 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Zone 2

Dense, low growing form of Mugo Pine. The needles remain a bright green colour all year round. Attractive in early summer when candles of growth appear. Well suited for rock gardens.

Dwarf Mugo Pine

45

EVERGREENS & CONIFERS Pinus - Upright Pine Mountain Pine Height: Shape:

Pinus uncinata 30 - 40 Feet (12 m) Pyramidal

Spread: Hardiness:

15 Feet (4.5 m) Zone 3

A tree-form pine with dark-green needles in bundles of two. Shiny brown cones in late September.

Ponderosa Pine Ponderosa Pine

Height: Shape:

Pinus ponderosa 50 - 60 Feet (18 m) Broad pyramidal

Spread: Hardiness:

30 Feet (9 m) Zone 2

A long-needled pine with dark green foliage and large cones. Flexible, three-needled pine. Best used in mass plantings in a park-like setting.

Scots Pine Height: Shape:

Pinus sylvestris 45 - 60 Feet (18 m) Broad pyramidal

Spread: Hardiness:

20 - 25 Feet (7.5 m) Zone 2

A fast growing, two-needled pine with orange-red bark and blue-green needles. Well adapted to dry and drained soils. A low maintenance plant for large spaces.

Swiss Stone Pine Height: Shape:

Pinus cembra 30 - 40 Feet (12 m) Broad pyramidal

Spread: Hardiness:

15 Feet (4.5 m) Zone 2

A slow growing tree with soft, 5-needled, blue green foliage. Resistant to winter burn. Retains a narrow, pyramidal shape as a young tree before taking on a broad-rounded crown.

Scots Pine

Taxus - Yew Morden Yew Height: Shape:

Taxus cuspidata ‘Morden’ 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Spreading

Spread: Hardiness:

5 - 6 Feet (2 m) Zone 3

A dense evergreen shrub with attractive dark green foliage. Tolerates shearing and can be grown in full sun or heavy shade. Requires good drainage

Thuja - Upright Cedar Brandon Pyramidal Cedar

Thuja occidentalis ‘Brandon’

Height: Shape:

Spread: Hardiness:

10 - 18 Feet (5.5 m) Pyramidal

3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Zone 3

A common pyramidal cedar for the prairie region. Dark green foliage can be sheared to retain a desired height and spread. Prefers eastern or northern exposures.

Dark Green Cedar Height: Shape:

Thuja occidentalis ‘Nigra’ 10 - 15 Feet (4.5 m) Broad pyramidal

Spread: Hardiness:

5 - 6 Feet (1.75 m) Zone 2

A broad pyramidal evergreen with dark green foliage and cold hardiness for exposed hedges.

Holmstrup Cedar

Thuja occidentalis ‘Holmstrup’

Height: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Spread: 2 - 3 Feet (0.9 m) Shape: Compact, upright Hardiness: Zone 3 Compact pyramidal cedar with an upright habit. Bright green foliage is light and bushy. Prefers light shade and will tolerate poor drainage.

Skybound® Cedar Skybound Cedar

Thuja occidentalis ‘Skybound’

Height: 10 - 18 Feet (5.5 m) Spread: 3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) Shape: Pyramidal Hardiness: Zone 2 Pyramidal cedar with similar shape to ‘Brandon’ but with improved hardiness and richer, dark green foliage. Developed at Boughen Nurseries, Valley River, MB.

Techny Cedar Height: Shape:

Thuja occidentalis 'Techny' 12 - 15 Feet (5 m) Broad pyramidal

Spread: Hardiness:

6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Zone 2

Fast growing selection of eastern white cedar with dark green foliage. Excellent for privacy screens and tall sheared hedges. Good in sun or light shade.

Wareana Cedar Height: Shape:

46

Techny Cedar

Thuja occidentalis 'Wareana' 10 Feet (3 m) Broad pyramidal

Spread: Hardiness:

6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Zone 2

Hardiest of the upright cedars with a broad pyramidal form and dense, dark green foliage. Useful as a specimen or informal hedge.

EVERGREENS & CONIFERS Thuja - Globe Cedar Danica Cedar Height: Shape:

Thuja occidentalis ‘Danica’ 12 Inches (0.3 m) Global

Spread: Hardiness:

12 Inches (0.3 m) Zone 3

The lowest-growing, globe cedar in the marketplace. Compact form with rich green foliage. Excellent slow growing border plant.

Hetz Midget Cedar

Thuja occidentalis ‘Hetz Midget’

Height: Shape:

Spread: Hardiness:

2 Feet (0.6 m) Global

Hetz Midget Cedar

2 Feet (0.6 m) Zone 3

Slow growing, globe-shaped and dense. Requires no shearing to maintain its globe form. Well suited to foundation / border planting as well as containers.

Little Giant Cedar Height: Shape:

Thuja occidentalis ‘Little Giant’ 2.5 Feet (0.8 m) Global

Spread: Hardiness:

2.5 Feet (0.8 m) Zone 3

A dwarf cedar with an upright, oval-shaped form. Soft feathery, bright-green foliage. Well suited as a hedge. Mature height at 8 years of age.

Technito® Cedar Height: Shape:

Thuja occidentalis ‘Bailjohn’ 6 Feet (2 m) Global

Spread: Hardiness:

Technito Cedar

2.5 Feet (0.8 m) Zone 3

Technito retains the dark green colour of Techny year-round. Foliage is more dense requiring less shearing. Forms a compact pyramidal outline. Johnson/Bailey Nurseries introduction.

Woodward Cedar Height: Shape:

Thuja occidentalis 'Woodwardi' 5 Feet (1.5 m) Global

Spread: Hardiness:

5 Feet (1.5 m) Zone 3

A large, globular cedar with dense, rich green foliage. Mature height at 8 years. Good in full sun or light shade.

Woodward Cedar

TIPS FOR OVERWINTERING EVERGREENS •

Evergreens should receive abundant moisture in fall before freeze up. Remember that evergreens lose water from their foliage all winter, but are unable to take up moisture from the frozen soil.

Rather than wrapping an evergreen to protect it from winter sun and drying winds, install a burlap wall on either side of the plant. Ensure adequate air circulation; the burlap should not touch the foliage.

Broad-leafed evergreen species such as Boxwood (Buxus) are subject to winter-kill in zones 2 and 3. Plant in a sheltered, partially shaded area that receives ample, lasting snow cover.

47

FRUIT TREES Malus - Apple Battleford Apple Parentage: Fruit Size:

Malus x ‘Battleford’ Russian seedling 6 - 7.5 cm

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Red over pale yellow Zone 2

Large fruit, striped red over light yellow. Excellent for cooking. Matures in mid-September. Tree is very cold hardy. Introduced by Boughen Nursery, Valley River, Manitoba in 1934.

Green Mountain® Sugar Maple Gemini® Apple

Dolgo Crabapple Mature Size: Flowers:

Malus x 'Dolgo' 30’ x 20’ (10 x 6 m) White

Crown Shape: Hardiness:

Open, spreading Zone 2

A edible crabapple with many ornamental features. Well known for its showy white blooms in spring followed by brilliant crimson fruit.

Gemini® Apple Parentage: Fruit Size:

Malus x ‘Jefcoutts’ Norland x Haralson 7 - 8 cm

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Red over pale yellow Zone 2

A crisp, juicy and medium sweet apple, that is best eaten fresh. Medium to large apples are ripe in late August and store well until the New Year. Cold hardiness similar to Norland. Developed by Art Coutts of Unity, SK. and introduced by Jeffries Nurseries.

Goodland Apple Parentage: Fruit Size:

Goodland Apple

Malus x ‘Goodland’ Patten Greening seedling 6 - 8 cm

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Green with red blush Zone 3

Large apple, creamy yellow with a splash of red, flesh is white. Excellent for eating fresh and cooking. Fruit ripens in mid-September and stores well. Morden Research Station introduction.

Honeycrisp Apple Parentage: Fruit Size:

New Macoun x Honeygold 7 - 8 cm

Malus x ‘Honeycrisp’ Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Red over yellow Zone 4

New listing for 2012. Medium to large-sized apple, with exceptionally crisp and juicy texture. Outstanding flavor and texture can be maintained in storage for 6 months. Matures in late September. USPP #7,197

Norkent Apple Parentage: Fruit Size:

Malus x ‘Norkent’ Haralson x Rescue 7 - 8 cm

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Red over pale yellow Zone 2

Large fruit has a distinct apple/pear taste similar to ‘Golden Delicious’. Fruit matures in late August.

Norkent Apple

Norland Apple Parentage: Fruit Size:

Malus x ‘Norland’ Rescue x Melba 6 - 7 cm

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Red over green Zone 2

Large, sweet apple, excellent for eating fresh, juice and sauce. Ripens in early August. Produces fruit early in life and bear a heavy crop annually.

Odyssey® Apple Parentage: Fruit Size:

Malus x ‘Jefsey’ Unknown 7 - 8 cm

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Red blush on yellow Zone 3

Odyssey boasts a sweet flavour comparable to the ‘Gala’ apple. The fruit ripens in midSeptember and stores well. Introduced by Jeffries Nurseries.

Prairie

Magic® Apple

Prairie Magic® Apple

Malus x ‘Jefdale’

Parentage: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Goodland x Mantet 7 - 8 cm

Red blush on yellow Zone 3

The medium to large-sized fruit matures in mid-September and is crisp and delicious. Developed by Wilfred Drysdale of Neepawa, Manitoba and introduced by Jeffries Nurseries.

Red Sparkle Apple

Malus x ‘Red Sparkle’

Parentage: Trail x McIntosh Fruit Colour: Dark red over green Fruit Size: 6 - 7.5 cm Hardiness: Zone 3 A medium sized fruit, with a nutty/fruity taste. Apples matures in early September and is an excellent dessert apple.

September Ruby Apple

48

Odyssey® Apple

Malus x ‘September Ruby’

Parentage: Rescue x Haralson Fruit Colour: Dark red Fruit Size: 6 - 7 cm Hardiness: Zone 2 Medium sized fruit and light green flesh colour. Excellent eating fresh and in cooking. This vigorous grower ripens in early September and stores well.

FRUIT TREES Malus - Applecrab Kerr Applecrab

Malus x ‘Kerr’

Parentage: Dolgo x Haralson Fruit Colour: Dark purple-red Fruit Size: 4 - 5 cm Hardiness: Zone 2 Small fruit has crisp white flesh with a sweet-tart taste. Good for eating fresh, canning, jelly or juice. Ripens in late September and stores well. Resistant to fireblight. Developed at the Morden Research Station in 1952.

Rescue Applecrab

Kerr Applecrab

Malus x ‘Rescue’

Parentage: Blushed Calville OP Fruit Colour: Yellow, red stripes Fruit Size: 3 - 4 cm Hardiness: Zone 2 Small fruit is very sweet for eating fresh and good for canning. Ripens in late August. The tree is very productive. Developed at the research station in Scott, Saskatchewan in 1936.

Malus - Dwarf Apple Gemini®

Goodland

Norkent

Odyssey

New

These prairie hardy apple cultivars are grown on Bud 9 dwarfing rootstock. Mature plants will be approximately 50% smaller in size than apple trees growing on standard rootstock. The advantages of dwarf apples: 1. The trees will begin to bear fruit earlier; significant fruit production may be two years earlier than with apple trees growing on a standard rootstock.

Rescue Applecrab

2. The trees are smaller and will take up less space in your yard. The result is less cost and effort to maintain and harvest. 3. By fruiting earlier, dwarf apple trees reduce the vigorous vegetative growth and make the tree more winter hardy.

Prunus - Apricot M-604 Apricot Parentage: Fruit Size:

Prunus x ‘M-604’ Scout x McClure 4 - 5 cm

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Golden yellow Zone 3

The maternal parent to ‘Westcot’; larger fruit, but requires sheltered location. Fruit ripens in early August; good for eating and cooking. Introduced by Morden Research Station in 1946.

Manchurian Strain

Prunus mandschurica

Parentage: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Seedling 4 - 5 cm

Golden yellow Zone 3

A cold hardy seedling strain developed from local seed sources. Suitable pollinator for other apricot cultivars.

Scout Apricot Parentage: Fruit Size:

Dwarf Goodland Apple

Prunus x ‘Scout’ Manchurian seedling 3.5 - 4.5 cm

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Golden yellow Zone 3

Produces bronze-gold fruit in early August. Fruit is good for canning and jam and fair for eating. Introduced by Morden Research Station in 1937.

Westcot Apricot Parentage: Fruit Size:

Prunus x ‘Westcot’ Scout x McClure 3.5 - 4.5 cm

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Golden yellow Zone 3

This prairie cultivar has hardy flower buds and produces large, golden, freestone fruit. Excellent for eating fresh or canning. Introduced by Morden Research Station in 1982.

M-604 Apricot

49

FRUIT TREES Prunus - Tree-Form Sour Cherry Carmine Jewel / Crimson Passion / Cupid / Juliet / Romeo / Valentine These sour cherry cultivars are grown as small trees. See cultivar descriptions on page 52.

Prunus - Cherry Plum Sapalta Cherry Plum

Compass Cherry Plum

Prunus x ‘Compass’

Parentage: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Sand cherry x Minor 2.5 - 3 cm

Dark purple red Zone 3

Dark purple fruit ripens in mid-September. The yellow flesh is excellent for jelly and good for canning. Developed by H. Knudson of Springfield, MN in 1896.

Sapalta Cherry Plum

Prunus x ‘Sapalta’

Parentage: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Seedling of ‘Sapa’ 2.5 - 3 cm

Green, purple hue Zone 3

A seedling of Sapa with medium-sized purple fruit. Canadian introduction.

Prunus - Plum

Pembina Plum

Brookgold Japanese Plum

Prunus x ‘Brookgold’

Parentage: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Prunus salicina seedling 3 - 4 cm

Golden yellow Zone 2

Medium-sized plum; golden-yellow, free-stone fruit with tender skin. Good for eating fresh or cooking. Ripens early making it a good choice for colder climates. Pollinate with Brookred.

Brookred Hybrid Plum

Prunus x ‘Brookred’

Parentage: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

P. nigra x P. salicina 3 - 4 cm

Dark red Zone 2

A later season, medium-sized, dark red plum. Good for eating out of hand or for cooking. Very vigorous grower. Ripens in late August. Pollinate with Brookgold.

Toka Plum

Pembina Hybrid Plum

Prunus x ‘Pembina’

Parentage: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

P. nigra x P. sal. ‘Red June’ 4 - 5 cm

Red with blue hue Zone 3

Large fruit has dark red, firm skin with yellow flesh that is delicious. The finest large plum grown on the prairies. Developed at the Experimental Station in Brookings, South Dakota.

Toka Hybrid Plum Parentage: Fruit Size:

Prunus x ‘Toka’ P. americana x P. simoni 3 - 4 cm

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Dark red Zone 3

An excellent pollinizer that produces medium sized, rich flavored fruit. Fruit ripens in lateAugust. Developed at the Experimental Station in Brookings, South Dakota.

Pyrus - Pear Early Gold® Pear Parentage: Fruit Size:

Early Gold Pear

Pyrus x ‘Jefgold’ Seedling of ‘Ure’ 5 cm

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Golden Zone 2

A seedling of ‘Ure’ with improved vigour, chlorosis resistance and cold hardiness. Fruit is similar in taste to ‘Ure’ but matures 10 to 14 days earlier. A Jeffries Nurseries introduction.

Ure Pear Parentage: Fruit Size:

Pyrus x ‘Ure’ ‘Tait’ x (Beier. x ‘Bartlett’) 5 cm

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Greenish yellow Zone 2

Produces small green-yellow fruit with a good texture. Fruit ripens in mid-September. Excellent for eating fresh, desserts and canning. Morden Research Station introduction.

POLLINATION REQUIRED

50

All fruit tree and small fruit varieties that require a different pollinizer cultivar have been marked with this symbol. Cross pollination refers to the transfer of pollen between flowers of geneticallygenetically-distinct plants. Pollinators, usually insects, are vectors for pollen movement For apples and pears, two different cultivars must be growing in close proximity for successful fruit production. Plums and apricots have strong preferences for certain pollinizers. Pure wild plums are the best pollinizers for hybrid plums.

SMALL FRUIT Amelanchier - Saskatoon A native shrub on the prairies producing unique, tasty fruit. Self-pollinating.

Honeywood Saskatoon

Amelanchier alnifolia ‘Honeywood’

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

15 Feet (5 m) 16 mm

Purple-blue Zone 2

A selection that has large fruit of excellent quality. Flowers 4-8 days later than other cultivars.

JB30 Saskatoon Height: Fruit Size:

Amelanchier alnifolia ‘JB30’ 7-8 Feet (2.5 m) 13 mm

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Honeywood Saskatoon

Purple-blue Zone 2

A new cultivar from Blue Sky Berries with yields comparable to Martin and Thiessen.

Martin Saskatoon Height: Fruit Size:

Amelanchier alnifolia ‘Martin’ 15 Feet (5 m) 17 mm

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Purple-blue Zone 2

A great tasting saskatoon with more uniform ripening of the berries. This seedling of ‘Thiessen’ was selected by Dieter Martin of Langham, Saskatchewan.

Northline Saskatoon

Amelanchier alnifolia ‘Northline’

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

12 Feet (4 m) 16 mm

Purple-blue Zone 2

Martin Saskatoon

A seedling strain grown for its excellent flavour and outstanding productivity.

Parkhill Saskatoon

Amelanchier alnifolia ‘Parkhill’

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

5 Feet (1.5 m) 12 mm

Blue-black Zone 2

A dwarf cultivar grown for fruit of mild flavour, even ripening, and ornamental characteristics.

Regent Saskatoon

Amelanchier x ‘Regent’

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

5 Feet (1.5 m) 12 mm

Blue-black Zone 2

A dwarf cultivar grown for fruit of mild flavour, even ripening, and ornamental characteristics.

Seedling Saskatoon

Amelanchier alnifolia

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

10 Feet (3 m) 16 mm

Purple-blue Zone 2

Seedlings of the species. Excellent for a small fruiting shelterbelt or conservation plantings.

Smoky Saskatoon Height: Fruit Size:

Smoky Saskatoon

Amelanchier alnifolia ‘Smoky’ 12 Feet (4 m) 16 mm

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Purple-blue Zone 2

A large fruited selection from Alberta, known for excellent flavour and yield.

Thiessen Saskatoon

Amelanchier alnifolia ‘Thiessen’

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

15 Feet (5 m) 17 mm

Purple-blue Zone 2

A columnar plant that produces a large fruit of outstanding quality. Uneven fruit ripening characteristic. Selected near Hepburn, Saskatchewan.

Asparagus

Millenium Asparagus

Jersey Giant - a male hybrid that yields 2-4 times more spears than female asparagus. Resistant to rust and tolerant of fusarium and crown rot. Millenium - A male asparagus hybrid from the University of Guelph noted for rust tolerance, high yield and excellent cold hardiness.

Fragaria - Strawberry Day Neutral: These varieties produce fruit throughout the growing season.

Tribute - the fruit is very sweet, firm and has an excellent flavour. Seascape - another excellent tasting strawberry that has very large berry size. June Bearing: These varieties produce fruit during a 2-3 week period in spring.

Glooscap - a new strawberry with dark red fruit, good taste and mid-season fruiting. Kent - the fruit is produced in the mid-season and is of high quality and yield.

Tribute Strawberry

51

SMALL FRUIT Lonicera - Honeyberry (Haskap) Berry Blue Honeyberry

Lonicera caerula ‘Berry Blue’

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

6 Feet (2 m) 2 - 3 cm

Blue with blush Zone 2

The most vigorous honeyberry variety. Produces abundant crops of tasty, blueberry-flavoured berries in early summer. Excellent pollinator for other varieties.

Berry Blue Honeyberry

Blue Belle Honeyberry

Lonicera caerula ‘Blue Belle’

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) 2 - 3 cm

Blue with blush Zone 2

A moderately vigorous selection which is shorter than Berry Blue. Large fruit similar to Tundra.

Borealis Honeyberry

Lonicera caerula ‘Borealis’

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

4 - 5 Feet (1.25 m) 3 cm

Blue with blush Zone 2

This variety is noted for having very large fruit. It has an excellent flavor. The fruit of Borealis are not as firm as those of Tundra. University of Saskatchewan introduction.

Cinderella Honeyberry

Lonicera caerula ‘Cinderella’

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) 2 - 3 cm

Blue with blush Zone 2

Ideal size fruiting shrub for homeowners. It’s fruit is considered the best for fresh eating.

Tundra Honeyberry

Tundra Honeyberry

Lonicera caerula ‘Tundra’

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

5 Feet (1.5 m) 2 - 3 cm

Blue with blush Zone 2

Tundra produces firm fruit that do not bleed from the stem when removed from the plant. It is suitable for mechanized harvest. University of Saskatchewan introduction.

Lycium - Goji Berry Goji Berry

Lycium barbarum

Height: 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Fruit Colour: Bright orange Fruit Size: 2 cm Hardiness: Zone 3 A fruit from Asia with amazing nutritional properties. Emerald foliage on vine-like branches. Star-shaped blooms appear in early summer, with fruit ripening in July.

Prunus - Dwarf Sour Cherries (Passion Series)

Carmine Jewel Cherry

Carmine Jewel Cherry

P. x kerrasis ‘SK Carmine Jewel’

Height: 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Fruit Colour: Dark red Fruit Size: 2 - 3 cm (4 grams) Hardiness: Zone 2 A cross between the Tart cherry and Mongolian cherry. Fruit makes an excellent topping, jam, jelly, juice and pie filling. Self-pollinating. University of Saskatchewan introduction.

Crimson Passion Cherry

P. x kerrasis ‘Crimson Passion’

Height: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Fruit Colour: Dark red Fruit Size: 3 - 4 cm (5.8 grams) Hardiness: Zone 2 Highest sugar content. Excellent fresh eating cherry. Fruit size is large at 5.8 grams per fruit. Self-pollinating. University of Saskatchewan introduction. Non-suckering.

Cupid Cherry Crimson Passion Cherry

Prunus x kerrasis ‘Cupid’

Height: 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Fruit Colour: Dark red Fruit Size: 3 - 4 cm (6.5 grams) Hardiness: Zone 2 Large fruit has good flavour; excellent for fresh eating or processing. Blooms one week later than other Saskatchewan cherries. Self-pollinating. University of Saskatchewan introduction.

Juliet Cherry

Prunus x kerrasis ‘Juliet’

Height: 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Fruit Colour: Dark red Fruit Size: 2 - 3 cm (4.5 grams) Hardiness: Zone 2 Excellent fresh eating cherry. Fruit has high sugar content. Plant has moderate vigor with few suckers. Self-pollinating. University of Saskatchewan introduction.

Romeo Cherry

52

Prunus x kerrasis ‘Romeo’

Height: 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Fruit Colour: Dark red Fruit Size: 2 - 3 cm (4 grams) Hardiness: Zone 2 Very flavourful fruit is good for fresh eating and processing. Self-pollinating. University of Saskatchewan introduction.

Valentine Cherry

SMALL FRUIT Prunus - Dwarf Sour Cherries (Passion Series) Valentine Cherry

Prunus x kerrasis ‘Valentine’

Height: 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) Fruit Colour: Bright red Fruit Size: 2 - 3 cm (4.5 grams) Hardiness: Zone 2 Tart pie cherry for processing. Valentine is the most productive of the Saskatchewan cherry cultivars. Self-pollinating. A University of Saskatchewan introduction.

Prunus - Other Cherries Evans Cherry Height: Fruit Size:

Prunus x ‘Evans’ 10 - 12 Feet (3.6 m) 2 - 3 cm (4 grams)

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Bright red Zone 2

Evans Cherry

A heavy producing cherry tree with excellent tasting fruit. Cold hardy for the prairie region. The bright red fruit is large, semi-sweet and delicious. Self-pollinating.

Nanking Cherry Height: Fruit Size:

Prunus tomentosa 6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) 1.5 cm (2 grams)

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Bright red Zone 2

One of the better ornamental and fruit shrubs because of the showy, flowers in spring and fine flavoured fruit in July. The fruit makes wonderful jelly or can be eaten out of hand.

Black Nanking Cherry

Prunus tomentosa ‘Nigra’

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

6 - 8 Feet (2.5 m) 1.5 cm (2 grams)

Dark purple Zone 2

Similar in plant habit and fruit size to the regular Nanking cherry. Requires cross pollination by the red-fruited Nanking cherry. Excellent choice for making jelly.

Honey Red Rhubarb

Rheum - Rhubarb Honey Red Rhubarb

Rheum x ‘Honey Red’

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

2 - 3 Feet (1 m) Stems (2.5 cm)

Bright red Zone 2

A cultivar developed in Saskatchewan and noted for fine, red fruit stalks.

Ribes - Currant / Gooseberry Black Currant Height: Fruit Size:

Ribes nigrum 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Clusters (1 cm)

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Black Zone 2

Red Currant

Large, black berries are useful for jelly. Leaves produce a strong aroma.

Red Currant Height: Fruit Size:

Ribes x ‘Red Lake’ 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Clusters (1 cm)

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Bright red Zone 2

Large berries in long bunches for jellies and preserves. Matures in mid-season.

Pixwell Gooseberry

Ribes x ‘Pixwell’

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

3 Feet (1 m) Clusters (1 cm)

Green Zone 3

A very productive gooseberry. Pale green fruit becomes pink as it ripens.

Rubus - Raspberry Summer Bearing - Floricane (produce fruit on last seasons canes) Boyne - a red raspberry with medium acid and aromatic flavour. Excellent for eating fresh, jam,

Double Delight Raspberry

freezing, canning and dessert.

Souris - an improved selection of ‘Boyne’ because it is better tasting, a heavier producer of fruit and has better spider mite resistance.

Fall Bearing - Primocane (produce fruit on current seasons canes) Double Delight - this hardy raspberry has large fruit with a delicious, sweet tangy taste. The height of this upright plant exceeds 4 feet. Red River - another delicious tasting raspberry that is slightly smaller than 'Double Delight'. Cascading plant form; the height does not exceed 3 feet. Red River Raspberry

53

SMALL FRUIT Vaccinium - Blueberry Blueberries require an acidic soil with pH in the range of 4.5 to 5.5 for best results. Prairie soils can be amended with peat moss to lower pH, but heavy poorly-drained soils should be avoided.

Chippewa Blueberry

Vaccinium x 'Chippewa'

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) 1 cm

Dark-blue Zone 3

Introduced in 1996, Chippewa has fruit that ripens a week earlier than Northblue. Large dark blue fruit. Dark green foliage turns bright red in fall.

Northland Blueberry

Northland Blueberry

Vaccinium x 'Northland'

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

3 - 4 Feet (1.25 m) 0.75 cm

Dark-blue Zone 3

Small, dark blue fruit with a wild berry flavour. This low plant has a spreading habit and excellent foliage throughout the growing season.

Northsky Blueberry

Vaccinium x 'Northsky'

Height: Fruit Size:

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

12-18 Inches (0.3 m) 1 cm

Sky-blue Zone 3

A good producer of sky blue fruit that has a sweet, mild flavour.

Vitis - Grape Beta Grape Northsky Blueberry

Height: Fruit Size:

Vitis x 'Beta' 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Clusters (1 cm)

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Blue-purple Zone 3

A hardy cultivar with fruit quality similar to Ontario blue grapes. A hybrid between Native Grape and the variety ‘Concord’. Fruit is excellent for juice or jelly.

Bluebell Grape Height: Fruit Size:

Vitis x 'Bluebell' 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Clusters (1 cm)

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

Blue Zone 3

Resembles ‘Concord’ in size and colour but with more tender skin and greater hardiness.

Eona Grape Height: Fruit Size:

Vitis x 'Eona' 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Clusters (1 cm)

Fruit Colour: Hardiness:

White Zone 3/4

Very hardy sweet small white grape used mostly for wine. Needs a pollinator for fruit set. Developed at the Experimental Station in Brookings, South Dakota in 1925.

Beta Grape

Frontenac Grape

Vitis x 'Frontenac'

Height: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Fruit Colour: Reddish-purple Fruit Size: Clusters (1 cm) Hardiness: Zone 4 A red wine grape of very good quality introduced by the University of Minnesota in 1996. Produces large clusters of dark blue fruit. Good resistance to powdery mildew.

Kay Gray Grape

Vitis x 'Kay Gray'

Height: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Fruit Colour: White Fruit Size: Clusters (1 cm) Hardiness: Zone 3 A hardy white grape for fresh eating or wine making. Small clusters of medium berries are mature in mid-September. Elmer Swenson introduction.

Marechael Foch Grape Minnesota 78 Grape

Vitis x 'Marechael Foch'

Height: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Fruit Colour: Reddish-purple Fruit Size: Clusters (1 cm) Hardiness: Zone 4 One of the hardiest French hybrids. A red wine grape with early-ripening fruit. Resistant to common grape diseases. Requires winter protection in zones 2 and 3.

Minnesota 78 Grape

Vitis x 'Minnesota 78'

Height: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Fruit Colour: Reddish-purple Fruit Size: Clusters (1 cm) Hardiness: Zone 3 This cultivar is known for fruit that is sweeter than others and excellent for jelly and juice. Requires a pollinator for fruit set. University of Minnesota introduction.

Valiant Grape

54

Vitis x 'Valiant'

Height: 4 - 5 Feet (1.5 m) Fruit Colour: Blue-purple Fruit Size: Clusters (1 cm) Hardiness: Zone 2 This prolific producer offers earlier fruit maturity and superior winter hardiness than all others. Blue fruit is free of adstringency and excellent for wine, juice and jelly. SDSU introduction.

Valiant Grape

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Achillea - Yarrow Fire King Yarrow Height: Plant Uses:

Achillea millefolium ‘Fire King’ 18-24” (50-60 cm)  Dried flower

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Large, flat flower heads are a showy deep carmine red. Vigorous growing perennial with dark green, finely-textured, aromatic foliage. Drought tolerant.

Summer Pastels Yarrow

Achillea millefolium ‘Summer Pastels’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

18” (50 cm)  Dried flower

Flowers are a mix of pastel shades in white, yellow, salmon, orange, red and purple. Foliage is deep green with a fern-like texture. Drought tolerant.

The Pearl Yarrow Height: Plant Uses:

Achillea ptarmica ‘The Pearl’ 18” (50 cm)  Dried flower

Moonshine Yarrow

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Clusters of fluffy, double and semi-double white flowers bloom freely throughout the summer. Shiny dark green foliage is finely toothed. Drought tolerant.

Moonshine Yarrow

Achillea ‘Moonshine’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

18-24” (50-60 cm)  Dried flower

An abundance of deep lemon-yellow flowers add colour to the flower garden all summer long. Foliage is silver-grey and this plant has a non-spreading habit. Drought tolerant.

Saucy Seduction Yarrow

Achillea ‘Saucy Seduction’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

18-24” (50-60 cm)  Dried flower

A selection from the Seduction series, this line is know for its sturdy, compact growth habit. This variety has rich rose-pink flowers with a tiny white eye. Drought tolerant.

Blue Monkshood

Aconitum - Monkshood Bicolor Monkshood

Aconitum cammarum ‘Bicolor’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

35-47” (85-120 cm)  Borders

Saucy Seduction Yarrow

Blue Monkshood

Upright growing perennial with finely divided dark, glossy green foliage. Showy spikes of white hooded flowers are edged with blue. Prefers cool and moist soil.

Yellow Monkshood

Aconitum lamarckii

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

36” (90 cm)  Borders

Unusual pale yellow flowers, just as easy to grow as the blue flowered forms. Prefers cool and moist soil.

Blue Monkshood Height: Plant Uses:

Aconitum napellus 36” (90 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Stunning deep purplish-blue to violet flower spikes over attractive deeply cut foliage. Prefers cool and moist soil.

Aegopodium - Goutweed Bishops Goutweed

Aegopodium podagraria ‘Variegatum’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - ( Zone 1

12-18” (30-45 cm) Groundcover, Invasive

Bishops Goutweed

An attractive groundcover for sun or shade with light green and white variegated leaves. Tiny, creamy-white flowers. An excellent plant for those tough to grow areas.

Agastache - Anise-Hyssop Blue Fortune Anise-Hyssop

Agastache foeniculum ‘Blue Fortune’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

24-30” (60-75 cm)  Borders

Showy lavender blue, bottlebrush-like flowers on strong, upright stems. Foliage has a distinct licorice scent. This plant has a very lengthy blooming period and is drought tolerant.

Blue Fortune AniseAnise-Hyssop

55

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Ajuga - Bugleweed Geneva Bugleweed

Ajuga genevensis

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging, Groundcover

Deep green rounded leaves have small spikes of blue flowers in late spring.

Black Scallop Bugleweed

Ajuga reptans ‘Black Scallop’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging, Groundcover

Glossy, almost black, scalloped leaves make this variety stand out. Deep blue flowers appear on short spikes in spring.

Bronze Beauty Bugleweed

Ajuga reptans ‘Bronze Beauty’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging, Groundcover

Glossy foliage is a metallic bronze with deep blue flowers spikes.

Bronze Beauty Bugleweed

Burgundy Glow Bugleweed

Burgundy Glow Bugleweed

Ajuga reptans ‘Burgundy Glow’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging, Groundcover

Burgundy red foliage with cream and green variegation has bright blue flowers in spring.

Chocolate Chip Bugleweed

Ajuga reptans ‘Chocolate Chip’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging, Groundcover

Glossy, narrow chocolate-brown leaves form a low spreading mat. Spikes of bright blue flowers appear in spring.

Silver Queen Bugleweed

Ajuga reptans ‘Silver Queen’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging, Groundcover

Attractive ground cover with grey green leaves edged with white. Blue flowers in early spring.

Alcea - Hollyhocks

Fiesta Time Hollyhocks

Chaters Double Hollyhocks

Alcea rosea

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

5-7’ (150-210 cm)  Borders

Cultivar: Description: Chaters Double Mixed ………… double blooms in shades of red, pink, white and yellow Chaters Double Scarlet ……….. large ruffled ball-shaped double red flowers Chaters Peaches ‘n’ Dreams .. double blooms of creamy peach

Fiesta Time Hollyhocks

Alcea rosea ‘Fiesta Time’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

36” (90 cm)  Borders

Short spikes of rose pink, fringed, double flowers. The compact height makes this an appealing plant for the garden.

Lady’s Mantle

Black Watch Hollyhocks

Alcea rosea ‘Nigra’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

5-7’ (150-210 cm)  Borders

Deep chocolate-maroon, single flowers are produced on tall, strong stocks. Deep green foliage.

Alchemilla - Lady’s Mantle Lady’s Mantle Height: Plant Uses:

Alchemilla molls ‘Thriller’ 12-18” (30-45 cm)  Border

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Beautiful scalloped, fuzzy gray-green leaves catch tiny water droplets that glimmer in the morning sun. Produces sprays of tiny, yellow-green flowers.

Allium - Flowering Onion Common Chives Height: Plant Uses:

56

Common Chives

Allium schoenoprasum 10-12” (25-30 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Lavender pom-pom flowers above tasty edible leaves. Great addition to the herb garden.

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Anemone - Windflower Snowdrop Anemone

Anemone sylvestris

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders

Delicate, nodding, pure white, fragrant flowers appear in late spring and may flower again in fall. Quickly forms a dense patch.

Grapeleaf Anemone

Anemone tomentosa ‘Robustissima’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

3-4’ (60-90 cm)  Borders

Grapeleaf Anemone Anemone Grapeleaf

The hardiest and most vigorous growing of all the fall flowering anemones. Masses of chinapink flowers are held on branching stalks above deep green foliage.

Antennaria - Pussy-toes Pink Pussy-toes Height: Plant Uses:

Antennaria dioica ‘Rubra’ 4-6” (10-15cm) Edging

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 2

Tiny, silver-gray leaves quickly form a low growing dense mat. Short stems bear tiny clusters of rosy-pink flowers. Extremely drought-tolerant.

Aquilegia - Columbine Alpine Columbine Height: Plant Uses:

Aquilegia alpina 18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Pink PussyPussy-toes

Bright violet-blue flowers form over a compact mound of deep blue-green leaves.

Crimson Star Columbine

Aquilegia caerulea ‘Crimson Star’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

24-30” (60-75 cm)  Borders

Masses of large crimson-red and white blooms with long spurs. Vigorous growing.

McKana’s Giants Columbine

Aquilegia caerulea ‘McKana’s Giants’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

24-30” (60-75 cm)  Borders

A delightful mixture in pastel shades of long spurred flowers borne on slender stems contrast nicely with the blue-green foliage.

Cameo Pink & White Columbine

Aquilegia flabellate ‘Cameo Pink & White’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

6-8” (15-20 cm)  Borders

Crimson Star Columbine

Black Barlow Columbine

This dwarf strain features medium pink flowers with white centers. Blue-green foliage.

Black Barlow Columbine

Aquilegia vulgaris ‘Black Barlow’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

24-28” (60-70 cm)  Borders

Stunning, dark maroon-black, double flowers make this a wonderful addition to any garden.

Clementine Blue Columbine

Aquilegia vulgaris ‘Clementine Blue’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders

A unique series of Columbine, features fluffy flowers that resemble a small Clematis bloom. This selection has violet blue, spurless, upward-facing flowers.

Nora Barlow Columbine

Aquilegia vulgaris ‘Nora Barlow’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

24-28” (60-70 cm)  Borders

Clementine Blue Columbine

Stunning, multi-layered double flowers in a stunning combination of pink rimmed with green and white. Short spurs instead of the typical backward-pointing spurs.

Arabis - Rock Cress Compinkie Rock Cress

Arabis caucasica ‘Compinkie’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

6-8” (15-20 cm) Edging

Shades of light pink to dark pink flowers cover the soft olive-green foliage when in bloom. This plant is useful for cascading over rock gardens and walls.

Compinkie Rock Cress

57

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Armeria - Sea Thrift White Sea Thrift Height: Plant Uses:

Armeria maritima ‘Alba’ 4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging

Blooming Time: April to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Pure white pompom flowers, blooming slightly later than the pink flowering varieties.

Nifty Thrifty Sea Thrift

Dusseldorf Pride Sea Thrift

Armeria maritima ‘Dusseldorf Pride’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging

Long considered the best pink variety with rosy-magenta flower heads.

Nifty Thrifty Sea Thrift

Armeria maritima ‘Nifty Thrifty’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging

Forms a low mound of narrow green leaves edged in creamy white, bright pink flowers.

Ruby Sea Thrift Height: Plant Uses:

Armeria maritima ‘Rubrifolia’ 4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging

Blooming Time: April to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

This variety has burgundy foliage with magenta-pink flowers. Foliage will green up in summer.

Silver Mound

Artemisia - Wormwood, Sage Silver Queen Sage Height: Plant Uses:

Artemisia ludoviciana ‘Silver Queen’ 24-30” (60-75 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 2

Intense silver gray foliage, produces small silver-white flowers. Vigorous growing.

Silver Mound Height: Plant Uses:

Artemisia schmidtiana ‘Nana’ 10-12” (25-30 cm) Edging, Borders

Exposure/Hardiness:

) - Zone 2

Feathery, silver-gray leaves form a beautiful compact dome. Plants should be trimmed back in late June to prevent the stems from getting floppy.

Silver Brocade Height: Plant Uses:

Oriental Limelight

Artemisia stelleriana ‘Silver Brocade’ 6-12” (15-30 cm) Edging

Exposure/Hardiness:

) - Zone 2

Bright silvery-white scalloped foliage forms a thick mat. Similar in appearance to Dusty Miller.

Oriental Limelight Height: Plant Uses:

Artemisia vulgaris ‘Oriental Limelight’ 2-3’ (60-90 cm) Edging

Exposure/Hardiness:

) - Zone 2

Upright growing habit with medium green leaves that are marbled with creamy-yellow to ivory.

Aruncus - Goat’s Beard

Giant Goat’s Beard

Dwarf Goat’s Beard

Aruncus aethusifolius

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

8-12” (20-30 cm)  Dried Flower

Forms a compact clump of dark green astilbe-like foliage, creamy-white flowers on upright panicles. Prefers moist soil conditions.

Giant Goat’s Beard

Aruncus dioicus

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-6’ (120-180 cm)  Dried Flower

Spectacular cream-coloured plumes held above elegant, lacy leaves forming a very dense and bushy clump. Prefers moist soil conditions.

Asclepias - Butterfly Weed Butterfly Flower Height: Plant Uses:

Asclepias tuberosa 24” (60 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 4

A guaranteed magnet for butterflies. Plants form an upright clump of narrow green leaves with deep orange flowers. Breaks dormancy late, so be patient.

58

Butterfly Flower

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Aster - Aster Dark Beauty Alpine Aster

Aster alpinus ‘Dark Beauty’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

8-10” (20-25 cm)  Edging

Single daisy-shaped flowers in a rich violet blue with a yellow eye are held on short branches about a compact green mound.

Happy End Alpine Aster

Aster alpinus ‘Happy End’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

8-10” (20-25 cm))  Edging

Dark Beauty Aster

Single daisy-shaped flowers are shades of rose-pink with a yellow eye.

Pink Bouquet Aster

Aster x dumosus ‘Pink Bouquet’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders

Masses of soft pink flowers above dark green foliage add interest to the garden in fall.

Pink Lace Aster Height: Plant Uses:

Aster x dumosus ‘Pink Lace’ 12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Bright pink clusters of star-shaped flowers make this a showy addition to any garden.

Romany Aster Height: Plant Uses:

Aster x dumosus ‘Romany’ 12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Purplish mauve flowers with a small yellow eye. Nice, compact growth habit.

Snow Sprite Aster Height: Plant Uses:

Pink Lace Aster

Snow Sprite Aster

Aster x dumosus ‘Snow Sprite’ 12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders

Bloom Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Clusters of white star-shaped flowers with bright yellow centers. Showy for the fall season.

Purple Beauty Aster

Aster novi-belgii x hybrid

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

30-36” (75-90 cm)  Borders

A New England aster, with a profusion of deep purple flowers on tall sturdy stems.

Rose Beauty Aster

Aster novi-belgii x hybrid

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

30-36” (75-90 cm)  Borders

Purple Beauty Aster

A New England aster, with an abundance of deep pink flowers on tall sturdy stems.

Rhone Aster Height: Plant Uses:

Aster sedifolius 18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Forms a bushy clump of soft, ferny leaves bearing loads of small violet-blue flowers with yellow centers in fall.

Dwarf Rhone Aster

Aster sedifolius ‘Nana’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

10-12” (20-30 cm)  Borders

A compact clump-forming perennial with soft, ferny leaves and lots of starry lilac blue flowers with yellow centers in fall.

Rhone Aster

Astilbe - Astilbe Boogie Woogie Astilbe

Astilbe x arendsii Hybrids

Height: 18” (45 cm) Blooming Time: July to August Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3 Part of the hybrid ‘Music’ series, this selection has very full and profuse flower plumes in bright florescent pink. Glossy dark green foliage.

Bridal Veil Astilbe

Astilbe x arendsii Hybrids

Height: 24-30” (60-75 cm) Blooming Time: July to August Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3 Large open plumes of pure white flowers, one of the best bloomers. Deep green, glossy foliage

Boogie Woogie Astilbe

59

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Astilbe - Astilbe Fanal Astilbe

Astilbe x arendsii Hybrids

Height: 20-24” (50-60 cm) Blooming Time: July to August Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3 Dark blood-red flowers, one of the earliest reds to bloom. Foliage is bronze red in spring, turning green by summer.

Sister Theresa Astilbe

Astilbe arendsii ‘Sister Theresa’

Height: 18-24” (45-60 cm) Blooming Time: June to July Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3 Large salmon-pink plumes are held on stiff stems. Foliage is green with a hint of purple.

Visions in Pink Astilbe

Astilbe chinensis ‘Visions in Pink’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - ( Zone 3

16-18” (40-45 cm)  Borders

Pale pink plumes are held above very coarse blue green foliage. Very floriferous. Sun tolerant.

Visions in Red Astilbe

Astilbe chinensis ‘Visions in Red’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - ( Zone 3

16-18” (40-45 cm)  Borders

Deep purple-red blooms with red stems and bronze green foliage. Sun tolerant.

Sprite Astilbe Fanal Astilbe

Height: Plant Uses:

Astilbe simplicifolia ‘Sprite’ 8-12” (20-30 cm)  Edging

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Spikes of delicate, shell-pink flowers are held just above glossy deep green leaves.

Younique Cerise Astilbe

Astilbe ‘Younique Cerise’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

12-16” (30-40 cm)  Edging

A selection of the Younique Series, this variety has spikes of cherry red to dark rose flowers. Plant has a nice compact growth habit.

Aubrieta - Rock Cress Variegated Rock Cress

Aubrieta x cultorum ‘Argenteovariegata’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 4

4-6” (10-15 cm) Walls, Slopes

Green foliage is strongly edges in creamy-white, a lovely backdrop to the rich purple flowers.

Sister Theresa Astilbe

Baptisia - False Indigo Blue False Indigo Height: Plant Uses:

Baptisia australis 36-48” (90-120 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Plants form a tall, bushy clump of gray-green foliage with long spikes of violet-blue flowers. Drought tolerant once established. 2010 Perennial Plant of the Year.

Argenteovariegata Rock Cress

Solar Flare False Indigo

Baptisia ‘Solar Flare’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

30-36” (80-90 cm)  Borders

Plants have blue-green foliage with a vase shaped habit. Pea-like blossoms open lemon-yellow then take on a rusty orange blush as they age. Drought tolerant once established.

Bellis - English Daisy Rominette Mixture English Daisy

Bellis perennis ‘Rominette’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

6-8” (15-20 cm)  Edging

Quilted, button-like flowers in shades of red, white or pink. It is considered to be a biennial but will usually self-seed.

Perennial Selection Guide

60

Solar Flare False Indigo

see page 92

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Bergenia - Elephant’s Ear Heartleaf Bergenia

Bergenia cordifolia

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - ( Zone 3

12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders, Edging

Large, glossy green leaves take on red tones throughout the fall. Clusters of magenta-pink flowers in early spring.

Eroica Bergenia Height: Plant Uses:

Bergenia cordifolia ‘Eroica’ 12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders, Edging

Blooming Time: April to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - ( Zone 3

Heartleaf Bergenia

Low clump of glossy green leaves turn a stunning beet-red shade in fall and winter. Stems of vivid magenta-purple flowers rise above the shiny foliage.

Brunnera - Bugloss Siberian Bugloss Height: Plant Uses:

Brunnera macrophylla 12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Low clumps of green, heart-shaped leaves produce upright stems of sky-blue flowers.

Jack Frost Bugloss

Brunnera macrophylla ‘Jack Frost’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

12” (30 cm)  Borders

Shimmering, silver leaves with strong dark green veins. Blooms in early spring with tiny clusters of blue forget-me-not like flowers. 2012 Perennial Plant of the Year.

Looking Glass Bugloss

Brunnera macrophylla ‘Looking Glass’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

12-16” (30-40 cm)  Borders

A sport of ‘Jack Frost’ with distinctively different foliage. Large, heart-shaped leaves are almost pure silver with a narrow green rim. Masses of sky-blue flowers in spring.

Variegated Bugloss

Brunnera macrophylla ‘Variegata’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders

Jack Frost Bugloss

Huge leaves with irregular, creamy white leaf margins are striking from a distance. Baby blue forget-me-not like flowers are a nice in contrast to the foliage.

Campanula - Bellflower Blue Clips Height: Plant Uses:

Campanula carpatica ‘Blue’ 6-12” (15-30 cm) Borders, Edging

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 2

Medium blue cup-shaped, upward facing flowers are atop a compact, rounded clump of dark green leaves. Deadhead for continuous bloom.

Deep Blue Clips Height: Plant Uses:

Campanula carpatica ‘Deep Blue’ 6-12” (15-30 cm) Borders, Edging

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 2

Deep blue, cup-shaped, upward flowers are atop a compact, rounded clump of dark green leaves. Deadhead for continuous bloom.

White Clips Height: Plant Uses:

Variegated Bugloss White Clips

Campanula carpatica ‘White’ 6-12” (15-30 cm) Borders, Edging

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 2

A profusion of cup-shaped, upward-facing, white flowers. Dark green foliage forms a compact, rounded clump. Deadhead for continuous bloom.

White Clustered Bell Flower

Campanula glomerata ‘Alba’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 2

18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Upright growth habit with dark green foliage and clusters of white, bell shaped flowers.

Clustered Bell Flower

Campanula glomerata ‘Superba’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 2

18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Rich violet-purple clusters of bell shaped flowers, the best selection for cut-flowers.

Blue Clips

61

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Campanula - Bellflower Peachleaf Bellflower

Campanula persicifolia

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 2

30” (70 cm)  Borders

Flowers are large, lavender-blue bells, arranged on strong stems that are excellent for cutting.

Cherry Bells Spotted Bellflower

Cherry Bells Spotted Bellflower

Campanula punctata ‘Cherry Bells’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3b

18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Compact rosettes of soft green foliage, tall erect stems produce large dangling cherry-pink blossoms with reddish-purple spots.

Catananche - Cupid’s Dart Cupid’s Dart Height: Plant Uses:

Catananche caerulea 18-30” (45-70 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Papery, lavender-blue flowers with a maroon eye. Plant forms a neat, slender clump of greygreen leaves.

Centaurea - Cornflower Cupids Dart

Persian Cornflower

Centaurea dealbata

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

18-30” (45-75 cm)  Borders

Rosy-purple flowers heads are deeply fringed. Gray-green foliage is deeply lobed.

Amethyst Dream Cornflower

Centaurea montana ‘Amethyst Dream’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

12-16” (30-40 cm)  Borders

Unique, flared petals are amethyst in colour. Plant forms a compact mound of soft green foliage. Drought tolerant.

Amethyst Dream Cornflower

Amethyst in Snow Cornflower

Centaurea montana ‘Amethyst in Snow’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

12-16” (30-40 cm)  Borders

Forms a low mound of silver-green foliage and striking bicolour flowers, pure white trumpet-like petals with a dark purple center. Remove faded blooms to prevent self seeding.

Gold-leaved Cornflower

Centaurea montana ‘Gold Bullion’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

12-24” (30-60 cm)  Borders

Bright golden-yellow foliage with rich blue 2” fringed flowers, excellent accent plant.

Cerastium - Snow-in-Summer Snow-in-Summer Height: Plant Uses:

Cerastium tomentosum 6-8” (15-20 cm) Slopes, Walls

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 2

Small, wooly gray leaves form a low carpet and when in bloom are covered in white star shaped flowers. Drought tolerant.

Chelone - Turtlehead SnowSnow-inin-Summer

Pink Turtlehead Height: Plant Uses:

Chelone obliqua 24-36” (60-90 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Stiff spikes of rose-pink flowers on dark green foliage. Very showy for the autumn season.

Perennial Selection Guide

62

Pink Turtlehead

see page 92

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Chrysanthemum - Garden Mum Dreamweaver® Mum

C. x morifolium ‘Jefdream’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

30” (75 cm)  Borders

Soft mauve coloured flowers with flared trumpet shaped petals on the margins and an attractive yellow centre.

Firestorm® Mum Height: Plant Uses:

C. x morifolium ‘Jefstorm’ 22” (55 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Dreamweaver® Chrysanthemum

Deep red flower petals contrast with a bright yellow centre. Upright growth habit.

Morden Cameo Mum

Chrysanthemum x morifolium

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Grayish green foliage has a nice upright form, abundance of double creamy-white flowers.

Morden Canary Mum

Chrysanthemum x morifolium

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Bright green foliage with sturdy stems produce double yellow flowers for the autumn season.

Morden Delight Mum

Chrysanthemum x morifolium

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Morden Cameo Chrysanthemum

Deep green foliage with a profusions of orange-red fall blooms.

Morden Fiesta Mum

Chrysanthemum x morifolium

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

18” (45 cm)  Borders

This variety produces a profusion of double violet-purple flowers for the fall.

Morden Garnet Mum

Chrysanthemum x morifolium

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

18” (45 cm)  Borders

Deep red, double flowers, plant has compact growth habit.

Power Surge® Mum

C. x morifolium ‘Jefsurge’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

18” (45 cm)  Borders

Power Surge® Chrysanthemum

The latest introduction to the Firecracker series. The selection is noted for its fully double red flowers, compact growth habit.

Prairie Lavender Mum

Chrysanthemum x morifolium

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

This variety produces a profusion of lavender pink flowers for the fall season.

Showbiz® Mum Height: Plant Uses:

C. x morifolium ‘Jefbiz’ 18” (45 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

A compact plant with an abundance of small, light purple, pompom flowers.

Stardust® Mum Height: Plant Uses:

C. x morifolium ‘Jefdust’ 22” (55 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Showbiz® Chrysanthemum

Bronze flower buds open to a dusty bronze flower with fades to rose as flower matures.

Suncatcher® Mum

C. x morifolium ‘Jefsun’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

30” (75 cm)  Borders

Beautiful double yellow flowers with slightly flared trumpet shaped petals.

Tiger Tail® Mum Height: Plant Uses:

C. x morifolium ‘Jeftail’ 30” (75 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Peachy orange buds open to blossoms of tangerine eventually fading to a light yellow.

Tiger Tail® Chrysanthemum

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HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Convallaria - Lily of the Valley Lily of the Valley Height: Plant Uses:

Convallaria majalis 4-6” (10-15 cm)  Groundcover

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

A popular, old-fashioned perennial with fragrant, white bell-shaped flowers.

Lily of the Valley

Coreopsis - Tickseed Early Sunrise Tickseed

Coreopsis grandiflora ‘Early Sunrise’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Bright golden-yellow semi-double flowers, compact growth habit and long flowering season.

American Dream Tickseed

Coreopsis rosea ‘American Dream’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

8-16” (20-40 cm)  Borders

Small, rose-pink daisies with yellow centers cover fine thread-like foliage.

Early Sunrise Tickseed

Moonbeam Tickseed

Coreopsis verticillata ‘Moonbeam’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 4

12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders

A bushy perennial with narrow thread-like foliage and creamy yellow star shaped flowers. 1992 Perennial Plant of the Year.

Delphinium - Larkspur New Millenium Series

Delphinium x elatum

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

4-6’ (120-180 cm)  Borders

This series of delphiniums bred in New Zealand, offer excellent form and mostly double flowers. Selected for improved tolerance of heat and humidity. No staking required. Cultivar: Description: Dusky Maidens ………...………… shades of pink with a contrasting brown bee Green Twist ……………...………... unusual blend of white with green streaks Pagan Purples ……………………. very dark bluish-purple flowers with a white/brown bee Sweethearts ………………………… intense pink with white bee Sunny Skies ……………………….. light sky blue to mid-blue flowers with a white bee

Black Knight Delphinium

Delphinium elatum ‘Black Knight’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

4-6’ (120-180 cm)  Borders

Deep midnight violet blossoms with a dark bee. May require staking.

Black Knight Delphinium

Green Twist Delphinium

Grenadin Red Carnation

Blue Butterfly Delphinium

Delphinium grandiflorum ‘Blue Butterfly’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

18-30” (45-70 cm)  Borders

Lacy foliage forms a compact mound, puts on a spectacular show with bright blue flower.

Summer Morning Delphinium

Delphinium grandiflorum ‘Summer Morning’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

10-12” (25-30 cm)  Borders

A dwarf delphinium with delicate green foliage. Pale rose-pink flowers can be deadheaded to encourage a longer blooming period.

Dianthus - Pinks, Carnations Sweet William Height: Plant Uses:

Dianthus barbatus ‘Indian Carpet’ 4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging

Bloom Time: May to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Large, showy clusters of flowers in mixed colours, blooming all summer if dead-headed regularly.

Grenadin Red Carnation

Dianthus caryophyllus ‘Grenadin Red’

Height: Plant Uses:

Bloom Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

20-24” (50-60 cm)  Borders

Loose, upright perennial with frilly, double red flowers that have a spicy fragrance.

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Sweet William

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Dianthus - Pinks, Carnations Pink Princess Carnation

Dianthus caryophyllus ‘Pink Princess’

Height: Plant Uses:

Bloom Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

20-24” (50-60 cm)  Borders

Abundant, soft pink, semi-double flowers with grayish green foliage.

Arctic Fire Maiden Pinks

Dianthus deltoides ‘Arctic Fire’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

6-8” (15-20 cm) Borders, Edging

Firewitch Cheddar Pinks

Single, white flowers with a bright red centre cover the narrow, dark green foliage in summer.

Flashing Lights Maiden Pinks

Dianthus deltoides ‘Flashing Lights’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

6-8” (15-20 cm) Borders, Edging

Single, deep ruby-red flowers cover the foliage making a showy groundcover.

Firewitch Cheddar Pinks

Dianthus gratianopolitanus ‘Firewitch’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Borders, Edging

Slightly fringed, hot pink single flowers over dense, grayish green leaves. Perennial Plant of the Year in 2006.

Tiny Rubies Cheddar Pinks

Dianthus gratianopolitanus ‘Tiny Rubies’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

6-8” (15-20 cm) Borders, Edging

Raspberry Surprise Pinks

Soft, green foliage forms a thick mat with double, rose-pink flowers.

Spotty Cheddar Pinks

Dianthus gratianopolitanus ‘Spotty’

Height: Uses:

Bloom Time: May to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

6-8” (15-20 cm) Borders, Edging

Unusual, pinky-red flowers with white spots form above bluish foliage.

Frosty Fire Cheddar Pinks

Dianthus x allwoodii hybrids

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Borders, Edging

Deep, ruby-red fringed flowers above a mound of silvery-blue leaves.

Raspberry Surprise Pinks

Dianthus ‘Raspberry Surprise’

Height: Uses:

Bloom Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 4

8-10” (20-25 cm) Borders, Edging

Aurora Bleeding Heart

Fragrant double, pink blossoms with a burgundy red center. Foliage is a blue green with an exceptional, sturdy compact growth habit.

Dicentra - Bleeding Heart Aurora Bleeding Heart

Dicentra formosa ‘Aurora’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to August Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

10-12” (25-30 cm)  Borders

Plants form a sturdy clump of powdery gray-green leaves and clusters of creamy white blooms.

Burning Hearts Bleeding Heart

Dicentra formosa ‘Burning Hearts’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to August Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

10-12” (25-30 cm)  Borders

A show stopper - this variety has red blossoms lightly edged in white. Delicate blue gray foliage form a compact mound.

King of Hearts Bleeding Heart

Dicentra formosa ‘King of Hearts’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to August Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

10-12” (25-30 cm)  Borders

Burning Hearts Bleeding Heart

A heavy display of large dark rose flowers throughout the summer. Lacy blue-gray foliage.

Common Bleeding Heart

Dicentra spectabilis

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

30-36” (70-90 cm)  Borders

An old favourite with delicate heart-shaped rosy-pink flowers over a mound of soft green leaves.

Common Bleeding Heart

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HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Dicentra - Bleeding Heart New

Gold Heart Bleeding Heart Height: Plant Uses:

30-36” (70-90 cm)  Borders

Dicentra spectabilis ‘Gold Heart’ Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

New listing for 2012. Attractive buttery yellow foliage in spring, turns lemon yellow in colour throughtout the season. Delicate nodding pink heart shaped flowers appear in late spring.

Valentine Bleeding Heart

White Common Bleeding Heart

Dicentra spectabilis ‘Alba’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

30-36” (70-90 cm)  Borders

This variety has white heart-shaped flowers with light green leaves.

Valentine Bleeding Heart

Dicentra spectabilis ‘Valentine’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

30-36” (70-90 cm)  Borders

Red heart shaped flowers dangle from arching branches. Foliage is dark grey green with dark red stems.

Digitalis - Foxglove Common Foxglove

Digitalis purpurea ‘Foxy’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

30-36” (75-90 cm)  Borders

Bell-shaped flowers in a mix of different colours on sturdy, compact plants.

Doronicum - Leopard’s Bane Little Leo Leopard’s Bane

Doronicum orientale ‘Little Leo’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

10-12” (25-30 cm)  Borders

Golden-yellow, semi-double yellow blooms with a nice, compact habit.

Echium - Red Feathers Red Feathers Height: Plant Uses:

Common Foxglove

Echium ‘Amoenum’ 10-14” (25-35 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: May to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Unique russet-red feathery flower spikes will continue to rebloom all summer if deadheaded. Foliage is a dark green that forms a compact mound.

Echinacea - Coneflower Coconut Lime Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea ‘Coconut Lime’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 4

24-30” (60-75 cm)  Borders

The first white double flowering coneflower! Abundant flowering with compact growth habit.

Cranberrry Cupcake Coneflower Height: Plant Uses:

14” (35 cm)  Borders

New

Echinacea purpurea ‘Cranberry Cupcake’ Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 4

New listing for 2012. A new introduction with large, double, cranberry coloured flowers. Compact stature with an abundance of blooms makes this a real winner.

Coconut Lime Coneflower New

Doubledecker Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea ‘Doubledecker’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

30-36” (80-90 cm)  Borders

Rosy pink flowers develop an additional set of petals on top of the dark brown cone creating a two-tier flower. First year plants may only produce single layer of petals.

Green Jewel Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea ‘Green Jewel’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

20-24” (50-60 cm)  Borders

Large, light green petals surround a deep, emerald green cone.

Meringue Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea ‘Meringue’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 4

15-18” (40-45 cm)  Borders

Fully double creamy white petals surround an apple green cone. A nice compact growth habit.

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Cranberry Cupcake Coneflower

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Echinacea - Coneflower Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea ‘Magnus’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

24-36” (60-90 cm)  Borders

An improved strain with a good busy habit. Flower petals are reddish-purple and stick straight out, rather than drooping downwards. Perennial Plant of the Year in 1998.

Pink Double Delight Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea ‘Pink Double Delight’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 4

24” (60 cm)  Borders

Summer Sky Coneflower

Fully double pompons in clear pink flowers fade to mauve as they mature. Growth habit is more compact make the flower stems less prone to flop over.

Sunrise Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea ‘Big Sky Sunrise’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 4

24-36” (60-90 cm)  Borders

Large, lemon yellow flowers with gold cone. Sturdy plants have an abundance of flower stems.

Summer Sky Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea ‘Big Sky Summer Sky’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 4

24-36” (60-90 cm)  Borders

Huge bicoloured flowers up to 5” across with peach petals, a rose coloured halo and an orange cone. It is a prolific bloomer with the flowers having a slight fragrance.

Twilight Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea ‘Big Sky Twilight’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 4

24-36” (60-90 cm)  Borders

Twilight Coneflower

Vibrant rose-red petals with an unusual deep red cone. Blooms are fragrant with plants being well-branched and sturdy in growth.

White Swan Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea ‘White Swan’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

24-36” (60-90 cm)  Borders

Drooping, snow-white flowers with brown center cone. Plant has sturdy, upright growth habit.

Echinops - Globe Thistle Blue Globe Thistle Height: Plant Uses:

Echinops ritro 3-4’ (90-120 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Globular, metallic-blue flowers are great for cutting, fresh or dried. Tall, thistly looking plants add drama to the back of the border.

Erigeron - Fleabane Daisy Pink Jewel Fleabane

Erigeron speciosus ‘Pink Jewel’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

20-24” (50-60 cm)  Borders

Pink Jewel Fleabane

Blue Globe Thistle

Small, daisy like flowers in shades of bright-pink to rose with a bright yellow center. Compact growth habit.

Eryngium - Sea Holly Blue Hobbit Sea Holly

Eryngium planum ‘Blue Hobbit’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

12” (30 cm)  Borders

A dwarf selection of Sea Holly. The short stems produce shimmering blue flowers on sturdy stems above spoon-shaped green leaves.

Eupatorium - Joe Pye Weed Little Joe Pye Weed

Eupatorium dubium ‘Little Joe’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4’ (120 cm)  Borders

A compact selection of Joe Pye Weed, better suited to city gardens. Large, domed panicles of mauve-purple flowers on dark purple-red stems.

Little Joe Pye Weed

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HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Euphorbia - Spurge Cushion Spurge Height: Plant Uses:

Euphorbia polychroma 12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Forms a perfectly dome-shaped mound of light green leaves, covered by bright yellow bracts in late spring. Foliage can turn red in fall.

Cushion Spurge

First Blush Cushion Spurge

Euphorbia polychroma ‘First Blush’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 4

12” (30 cm)  Borders

Light green leaves have wide cream margins flushed bright rose-pink from spring into summer. Low, mounded foliage with yellow bracts in spring.

Filipendula - Meadowsweet Queen of the Prairie Meadowsweet

Filipendula rubra ‘Venusta’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-6’ (120-180 cm) Borders

A bold accent plant, forming a mound of coarsely divided green leaves. Large panicles of deep pink flowers are held on sturdy upright stems.

Queen of the Prairie Meadowsweet New

Variegated Meadowsweet

Filipendula ulmaria ‘Variegata’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

24-30” (60-75 cm) Borders

Mostly grown for its foliage, the dark-green leaves have showy marks of creamy-yellow in the centre. Short spikes of white flowers.

Double Dropwort Meadowsweet

Filipendula vulgaris ‘Plena’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

16-20” (40-50 cm) Borders

This variety is noted for its finely-cut ferny leaves and long-lasting creamy flowers.

Gaillardia - Blanket Flower Arizona Apricot Blanket Flower Arizona Apricot Blanket Flower

Height: Plant Uses:

12” (30 cm)  Borders

New

Gaillardia ‘Arizona Apricot’ Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

New listing for 2012. Unique blooms have yellow edges that deepen to a rich apricot in center.

Arizona Sun Blanket Flower

Gaillardia aristata ‘Arizona Sun’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

8-12” (20-30 cm)  Borders

Huge 3” firey orange-red flowers are tipped by a ring of yellow. Plant has a compact, uniform habit.

Fanfare Blanket Flower

Gaillardia ‘Fanfare’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

14” (35 cm)  Borders

Unique! Huge, upward-facing deep red flowers with yellow tips have petals that flare out like trumpets. Blooms all summer if deadheaded.

Burgundy Blanket Flower

Burgundy Blanket Flower

Gaillardia x grandiflora ‘Burgundy’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

24-36” (60-90 cm)  Borders

Large, 3” wide, wine-red blooms are held on sturdy stems above the grey-green foliage.

Goblin Blanket Flower

Gaillardia x grandiflora ‘Goblin’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

8-12” (20-30 cm)  Borders

Scarlet-red petals with sunny yellow tips surround the reddish-brown centre of these daisy-like flowers. Blooms all summer if deadheaded.

Galium - Sweet Woodruff Sweet Woodruff Height: Plant Uses:

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Sweet Woodruff

Galium odoratum 4-8” (10-20 cm) Edging, Groundcover

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

A vigorous ground cover for moist shady area. Tiny, white star-shaped flowers appear above a carpet of finely cut, green leaves.

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Geranium – Cranesbill Ballerina Cranesbill

Geranium cinereum ‘Ballerina’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Borders

Low-growing mounding geranium with deeply divided foliage. Lilac pink flowers with darkpurple veins and eye.

Southcombe Double Cranesbill

Geranium oxonianum ‘Southcombe Double’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

16” (40 cm) Edging, Borders

Unusual double flowers with layers of bright pink petals, compact form.

Splish Splash Cranesbill

Geranium pretense ‘Splish Splash’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

18-24” (45-60 cm) Edging, Borders

Splish Splash Cranesbill

Large mounds of thick upright stems with large leaves. Unique white flowers have irregular purple markings.

Rozanne Cranesbill

Geranium ‘Rozanne’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 4

12-20” (30-50 cm) Borders, Massing

Forms a compact mound of deeply-cut green leaves, bearing loose clusters of bright violetpurple cup-shade flowers. Perennial Plant of the Year in 2008.

Bloody Cranesbill Height: Plant Uses:

Geranium sanguineum 12-16” (30-40 cm) Borders

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Low, clump forming perennial with finely-cut leaves and very bright magenta flowers.

Goniolimon - German Statice German Statice Height: Plant Uses:

Goniolimon tataricum 10-16” (25-40 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Tiny white flowers in clusters above deep green foliage. Excellent fresh or dried flowers.

Gypsophila - Baby’s Breath Double Snowflake Baby’s Breath

Gypsophila paniculata ‘Double Snowflake’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

24-36” (60-90 cm)  Borders

Bloody Cranesbill

Rozanne Cranesbill

A popular perennial with airy, double white flowers that are used for cut or dried flowers.

Creeping White Baby’s Breath

Gypsophila repens ‘Alba’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Walls, Slopes

Low growing blue-green foliage forms a thick mat, pure white single flowers.

Creeping Pink Baby’s Breath

Gypsophila repens ‘Rosea’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Walls, Slopes

Low growing blue-green foliage forms a thick mat with soft-pink single flowers.

Helenium - Sneezeweed Mardi Gras Sneezeweed

Helenium ‘Mardi Gras’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

30” (80 cm)  Borders

Creeping Pink Baby’s Breath

Multicolored yellow blooms with splashes of orange-red, create a tie-dyed effect. Plants form upright clumps.

Heliopsis - False Sunflower Bressingham Doubloon False Sunflower

Heliopsis helianthoides ‘Bressingham Doubloon’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

36” (90 cm)  Borders

Outstanding, 3-4” wide semi-double golden flowers bloom on sturdy stems, deep green foliage.

Mardi Gras Sneezeweed

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HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Heliopsis - False Sunflower

Loraine Sunshine False Sunflower

Loraine Sunshine False Sunflower

Heliopsis helianthoides ‘Loraine Sunshine’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

36” (90 cm)  Borders

Very showy perennial with variegated white leaves with extensive green veining that darkens late in the season. Golden yellow, single daisy-like flowers on upright stems.

Summer Sun False Sunflower

Heliopsis helianthoides ‘Summer Sun’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

30-36” (80-90 cm)  Borders

Semi-double, 3” wide bright gold flowers. Deep green foliage with strong sturdy stem and its prolific blooming habit make this an excellent addition to any garden.

Hemerocallis - Daylily

Moses Fire Daylily

Night Embers Daylily

Daylily

Hemerocallis cultivars

Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Blooming Time:

July to September

Cultivar:

Height:

Description:

Always Afternoon Barbara Mitchell Bobo Anne Bonaza Bela Lugosi Calico Jack Canadian Border Patrol Catherine Woodbury Congo Coral Daring Deception Final Touch Happy Returns Joan Senior Little Grapette Moses Fire Night Embers Pandora’s Box Pardon Me Purple D’Oro Rosy Returns Ruby Stella South Seas Startle Stella D’Oro Strawberry Candy

22” (55 cm) 20” (50 cm)

rosy-purple, dark plum eye, green throat (5.5”) reblooms soft pink, lime-green throat, lightly ruffled (6”) reblooms

20” (50 cm)

tangerine with rose halo, fragrant (4”) reblooms

24” (60 cm)

light orange yellow, maroon-red center (5”) deep velvety purple, lime throat (6”) bright yellow, dark plum eye zone and edge (5”) creamy white, purple eye, thin purple edge (6”) reblooms pale orchid, yellow throat, fragrant (6”)

33” (84 cm) 24” (60 cm) 12” (30 cm) 30” (80 cm)

20” (50 cm)

double salmon coral with red accent (5”) reblooms

24” (60 cm) 32” (80 cm) 18” (45 cm) 24” (60 cm) 12” (30 cm)

lavender, purple center and edge (5”) reblooms pink and lavender bicolor, green throat (4.75”) light yellow, lightly ruffled (3”) reblooms creamy white, fragrant, ruffled (6”) reblooms grape-purple, darker grape throat, ruffled edges (2”)

20” (50 cm) 30” (80 cm)

double deep red (6”) reblooms double cherry red with white edge (5”) reblooms

20” (50 cm) 18” (45 cm) 16” (40 cm) 16” (40 cm) 16” (40 cm) 30” (80 cm) 26” (65 cm) 12” (30 cm) 26” (65 cm)

creamy white, raspberry eyezone (4”) reblooms deep red, lime green throat, fragrant (2.75”) reblooms lavender purple, yellow throat (3”) reblooms rose-pink, yellow throat (3.75”) reblooms dark wine-red, yellow streaked throat (3”) reblooms coral-tangerine, yellow throat, fragrant (5”) reblooms velvety red, ruffled ivory yellow edge (5”) golden yellow, fragrant (2.75”) reblooms strawberry pink, rose-red center (4.25”) reblooms

Heuchera - Coral Bells Arctic Mist Coral Bells

Heuchera x ‘Arctic Mist

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

12” (60 cm)  Borders, Edging

A cold hardy variegated Coral Bells from Jeffries Nurseries research program. Attractive red flowers contrast the mottled foliage.

Arctic Mist Coral Bells

Brandon Pink Coral Bells

Heuchera x ‘Brandon Pink’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

8” (20 cm)  Borders, Edging

A hardy pink flowering selection, green foliage forms a low compact mound.

Caramel Coral Bells

Heuchera x ‘Caramel’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 4

8” (20 cm)  Borders, Edging

A robust grower with fuzzy, golden-orange leaves with purple-red undersides. Cream flowers.

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Electra Coral Bells

Heuchera x ‘Electra’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 4

8” (20 cm)  Borders, Edging

Golden leaves with blood-red veins, short dense white flowers.

Electra Coral Bells

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Heuchera - Coral Bells Green Spice Coral Bells

Heuchera x ‘Green Spice’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

20” (50 cm)  Borders, Edging

Silver foliage edged in green, vivid purple veins. White flowers.

Marmalade Coral Bells

Heuchera x ‘Marmalade’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 4

8” (20 cm)  Borders, Edging

Rich, shiny foliage in shades of gold with flushes of pink. Greenish white flowers.

Midnight Rose Coral Bells

Heuchera x ‘Midnight Rose’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 4

12” (60 cm)  Borders, Edging

Green Spice Coral Bells

Hot pink flecks on dark purple leaves emerge in spring and enlarge and brighten before lightening to cream as the season progresses.

Obsidian Coral Bells

Heuchera x ‘Obsidian’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 4

12” (60 cm)  Borders, Edging

Shiny, smooth, round leaves are a stunning black maroon in colour. White flowers in summer.

Peach Flambe Coral Bells

Heuchera ‘Peach Flambe’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 4

8” (20 cm)  Borders, Edging

Marmalade Coral Bells

Glowing peach foliage infused with red turns plum-purple in fall. White flowers.

Northern Fire Coral Bells

Heuchera ‘Northern Fire’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

8” (20 cm)  Borders, Edging

Dark green foliage with vibrant red bell shaped flowers.

Ruby Mist Coral Bells

Heuchera ‘Ruby Mist’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

8” (20 cm)  Borders, Edging

Reddish-pink flowers are bell shaped and held on tall stems above the deep green foliage.

Sparkling Burgundy Coral Bells

Heuchera ‘Sparkling Burgundy’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 4

8” (20 cm)  Borders, Edging

Midnight Rose Coral Bells

Giant 6” ruffled leaves are glowing cherry to burgundy red in colour. White flowers.

Palace Purple Coral Bells

Heuchera micrantha ‘Palace Purple’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 4

8-10” (20-25 cm)  Borders, Edging

Deep purple foliage in spring fading to bronzy-brown with small, white flowers. Perennial Plant of the Year in 1991.

Hosta - Hosta August Moon Hosta

Hosta ‘August Moon’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - ( Zone 3

20” (50cm) Groundcover

August Moon Hosta

Brilliant gold to chartreuse leaves. Slug resistant with corrugated leaves. White flowers.

Big Daddy Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘Big Daddy’ 24-30” (60-70 cm) Groundcover

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Large, round and very puckered deep blue leaves. Slug resistant. White flowers.

Blue Angel Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘Blue Angel’ 30-36” (75-90 cm) Background

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Large blue-green leaves of heavy substance. Excellent slug resistance. White flowers.

Blue Angel Hosta

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HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Hosta - Hosta Blue Mouse Ears Hosta

Hosta ‘Blue Mouse Ears’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

6” (15 cm) Groundcover

Thick, heart-shaped blue-green to grey-green leaves. Forms a perfectly symmetrical mound. Lavender flowers. 2008 Hosta of the Year.

Earth Angel Hosta

Dream Weaver Hosta

Hosta ‘Dream Weaver’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

20-22” (50-55 cm) Groundcover

Large, leaves have very wide, blue-green borders and creamy white centres. White flowers.

Earth Angel Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘Earth Angel’ 26” (65 cm) Specimen

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Large, heart-shaped, blue green leaves with wide, creamy-white margins. Lavender flowers.

El Nino Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘El Nino’ 20-22” (50-55 cm) Groundcover

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Chalky blue leaves with a wide pure white margin. Slug resistant. Lilac flowers.

Empress Wu Hosta Fire & Ice Hosta

Height: Plant Uses:

48” (115 cm) Groundcover

New

Hosta ‘Empress Wu’ Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

New listing for 2012. Giant hosta with leaves in shades of green. USPP 20774

Fire & Ice Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘Fire & Ice’ 20-22” (50-55 cm) Groundcover

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Medium-large, heart-shaped white leaves with wide dark green edge. Mauve flowers.

First Frost Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘First Frost’ 16” (40 cm) Groundcover

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Blue-green leaves with gold margin that changes to pure white. Lavender flowers.

First Frost Hosta Fragrant Bouquet Hosta

Aureomarginata Hosta

Hosta fortunei ‘Aureomarginata’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

20-22” (50-55 cm) Groundcover

Attractive dark-green leaves with a strong yellow edging. Pale lilac flowers.

Fragrant Bouquet Hosta

Hosta ‘Fragrant Bouquet’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

20-22” (50-55 cm) Groundcover

Broad leaves with pointed tips are light apple green with pale yellow to cream margins.

Francee Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘Francee’ 18-20” (45-50 cm) Edging

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - ( Zone 3

Forms a tidy mound of dark green leaves with narrow white edge. Lavender flowers.

Frances Williams Hosta

Hosta ‘Frances Williams’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

24-28” (60-70 cm) Background

Giant blue-green leaves with very wide yellow margins. Slug resistant. Near white flowers.

Golden Tiara Hosta

Hosta ‘Golden Tiara’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

12-16” (30-40 cm) Groundcover

Small, heart-shaped, medium green leaves have wide gold margins. Purple flowers.

72

Great Expectations Hosta

Great Expectations Hosta

Hosta ‘Great Expectations’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

20-28” (50-70 cm) Groundcover

Thick, puckered leaves with wide, blue-green margins. Creamy yellow to white centers.

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Hosta - Hosta Guacamole Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘Guacamole’ 22-24” (55-60 cm) Groundcover

Blooming Time: August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - ( Zone 3

Huge, apple green leaves develop dark green margins and brighter gold centers in summer. Large fragrant lavender flowers. 2002 Hosta of the Year.

Gypsy Rose Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘Gypsy Rose’ 18-22” (45-55 cm) Groundcover

Blooming Time: August Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Gypsy Rose Hosta

Large oval shaped leaves have creamy gold centers with wide dark green margins. Lavender flowers.

Halcyon Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘Halcyon’ 16-18” (40-45 cm) Groundcover

Blooming Time: August Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Pointed leaves are a frosty blue-green. Slug resistant. Lavender flowers.

June Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘June’ 12-16” (30-40 cm) Groundcover

Blooming Time: August Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Spear-shaped leaves have blue-green margins and chartreuse centers turning to gold in summer. Slug resistant. Lavender flowers. 2001 Hosta of the Year.

Krossa Regal Hosta

Hosta ‘Krossa Regal’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

30-32” (75-80 cm) Background

Halcyon Hosta

Frosted blue-green leaves with wavy edges, upright vase-shaped growth. Lavender flowers.

Liberty Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘Liberty’ 30” (75 cm) Background

Blooming Time: August Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Heart-shaped leaves are dark green with wide, yellow margins which lighten to creamy white. Slug resistant. Lavender flowers. 2012 Hosta of the Year.

Night Before Christmas Hosta

Hosta ‘Night Before Christmas’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

22-24” (55-65 cm) Groundcover

Pointed, dark green leaves with narrow white centers. Lavender flowers.

Orange Marmalade Hosta

Hosta ‘Orange Marmalade’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

28” (70 cm) Background

Puckered leaves are edged in dark green and have a centre that initially emerges a bright golden yellow gradually fading to pure white. Lavender flowers.

Paradigm Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

June Hosta

Hosta ‘Paradigm’ 20” (50 cm) Groundcover

Blooming Time: June Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Thick gold leaves are surrounded by irregular dark blue-green margins. Slug resistant. Near white flowers. 2007 Hosta of the Year.

Patriot Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘Patriot’ 22-24” (55-60 cm) Groundcover

Blooming Time: August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - ( Zone 3

Dark green leaves with wide, crisp white margins. Lavender flowers. 1997 Hosta of the Year.

Paul’s Glory Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘Paul’s Glory’ 22-26” (55-65 cm) Groundcover

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Golden heart-shaped leaves are streaked with blue green on the edges. Pale lavender flowers. 1999 Hosta of the Year.

Praying Hands Hosta

Hosta ‘Praying Hands’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

14-18” (35-45 cm) Groundcover

Unusual cultivar with upright, narrow tightly folded leaves. Foliage is dark green with a very narrow, gold margin. 2011 Hosta of the Year.

Praying Hands Hosta

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New

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Hosta - Hosta New

Rainbow’s End Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

11” (30 cm) Background

Hosta ‘Rainbow’s End’ Blooming Time: August Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

New listing for 2012. Smooth and shiny oval leaves have a medium to dark green margin with a yellow to creamy white centers. Pale lavender flowers.

Rainbow’s End Hosta

Regal Splendor Hosta

Hosta ‘Regal Splendor’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

36” (90 cm) Background

Frosty blue leaves with wavy, narrow, creamy yellow margins. 2003 Hosta of the Year.

Revolution Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘Revolution’ 18-20” (45-50 cm) Groundcover

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Dark green leaves with large cream centres are speckled with green. Lavender flowers.

Royal Standard Hosta

Hosta ‘Royal Standard’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - ( Zone 3

22-26” (55-65 cm) Groundcover

Forms a very large mound of glossy, wavy, green leaves. Fragrant white flowers.

So Sweet Hosta Royal Standard Hosta

Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘So Sweet’ 18-22” (45-55 cm) Groundcover

Blooming Time: August Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Glossy green leaves with wide, creamy-yellow margins fading to white later in the season. Slug resistant. Fragrant white flowers. 1996 Hosta of the Year.

Stained Glass Hosta

Hosta ‘Stained Glass’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - ( Zone 3

24” (60 cm) Groundcover

Huge, 10” brilliant gold leaves with wide, dark green margins. Fragrant pale lavender flowers. 2006 Hosta of the Year.

Stained Glass Hosta

Sum & Substance Hosta

Hosta ‘Sum & Substance’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

30-36” (75-90 cm) Background

Enormous golden-green leaves with good slug resistance. Pale lavender flowers. 2004 Hosta of the Year.

Sun Power Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘Sun Power’ 30-32” (70-75 cm) Background

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - ( Zone 3

Brilliant golden-yellow leaves that are lightly ruffled and twisted. Upright vase-shape habit. Pale lavender flowers.

Albo-marginata Hosta

Hosta undulata ‘Albo-marginata’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

16-18” (40-45 cm) Groundcover

Medium green leaves have wavy, white margin. Pale lavender flowers.

Chameleon Plant

Medio-variegata Hosta

Hosta undulata ‘Variegata’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

10-12” (25-30 cm) Edging

Wavy leaves have white centers and wide, irregular green margins. Lilac flowers.

Wide Brim Hosta Height: Plant Uses:

Hosta ‘Wide Brim’ 16-18” (40-45 cm) Groundcover

Blooming Time: July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Heart-shaped green leaves with wide irregular creamy-yellow margins. Pale lavender flowers.

Houttuynia - Chameleon Plant Chameleon Plant Height: Plant Uses:

74

Snowflake Candytuft

Houttuynia cordata ‘Chameleon’ 6-12” (15-30 cm) Groundcover

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - ( Zone 3

Forms a thick patch of brightly-coloured leaves in bold combinations of green, red, yellow and cream. The star-shaped white flowers are fairly insignificant. Invasive.

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS

New

Iberis - Candytuft Snowflake Candytuft

Iberis sempervirens ‘Snowflake’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

8-10” (15-20 cm) Borders, Edging

Pure white flowers form in clusters on top of dark green foliage. Drought tolerant.

Iris - Iris Bearded Iris

Iris germanica

Plant Uses:  Exposure/Hardiness:

Borders ) - Zone 3

Cultivar:

Blooming Time:

Height:

Anaconda Love Batik Breakers Cat’s Eye Crimson Snow Fireplace Embers Harvest of Memories Immortality Loop de Loop Tanzanian Tangerine Superstition Supreme Sultan Visions in Pink

Description:

24” (60 cm) 36” (90 cm) 24” (60 cm)

lavender-pink, beet purple falls streaked white royal purple, streaked with white flecks meduim blue with billowing ruffles, reblooms

15” (38 cm)

mauve rose, dark red falls edged in mauve

33” (90 cm) 12” (24 cm) 36” (90 cm) 29” (74 cm) 36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm)

white standards, plum falls edged in rosy-pink dark yellow standards, maroon falls bright yellow, sweet fragrance, reblooms ruffled white, fragrant, reblooms white standards and falls edges in deep purple peach standards, wine dots on tan falls black-purple, hint of maroon gold standards, mahogany-red falls clear pink ruffled petals and falls

Variegated Iris Height: Plant Uses:

May to June

Anaconda Batik Iris Love Iris

Iris pallida ‘Albovariegata’ 24” (60 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Foliage is striped lengthwise with silvery-white and grey-green. Showy lavender-blue flowers.

Iris - Iris Siberian Iris

Iris sibirica

Plant Uses:  Exposure/Hardiness:

Borders ) - Zone 3

Blooming Time:

May to June

Cat’s Eye Iris

Tall clumping iris with narrow upright foliage. Excellent for vertical effect in the landscapes. Cultivar:

Height:

Butter and Sugar Chilled Wine Ruffled Velvet Sky Wings

28” (70cm) 38” (96 cm) 22” (55 cm) 28” (70 cm)

Description: white standards, soft yellow falls, reblooms violet red with a slight bluish tinge dark velvety-violet flowers, ruffled petals light sky blue, yellow veins

Lamium - Lamium Trailing False Lamium

Lamium galeobdolon ‘Florentinum’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

8-12” (20-30 cm) Borders

Fast-spreading mat of green and silver striped foliage, stems root where they touch the ground.

Herman’s Pride False Lamium

Lamium galeobdolon ‘Herman’s Pride’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

10-12” (25-30 cm) Borders

Butter & Sugar Iris

Dark green leaves are heavily veined in metallic silver. Bright yellow flowers appear in spring.

Anne Greenaway Lamium

Lamium maculatum ‘Anne Greenaway’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

6-8” (15-20 cm) Edging

A unique blend of chartreuse, silver and green leaves. Mauve flowers.

Aureum Lamium Height: Plant Uses:

Lamium maculatum ‘Aureum’ 6-8” (15-20 cm) Edging

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Golden yellow foliage has faint silvery stripes slowly forms a thick carpet. Mauve pink flowers.

Beacon Silver Lamium

Lamium maculatum ‘Beacon Silver’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 2

6-8” (15-20 cm) Edging

Leaves are mostly silver with narrow green edge. Soft pink flowers cover the foliage.

Anne Greenaway Lamium

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HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Lamium - Lamium Ghost Lamium Height: Plant Uses:

Lamium maculatum ‘Ghost’ 12” (30 cm) Edging

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 2

A very large variety with leaves that are 1.5” long. Foliage is completely silver with orchid pink flower when in bloom.

English Lavender

White Nancy Lamium

Lamium maculatum ‘White Nancy’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 2

6-8” (15-20 cm) Edging

Leaves are almost completely silver with a narrow blue-green edge. Clear white flowers.

Lavandula - English Lavender English Lavender Height: Plant Uses:

Lavandula angustifolia ‘Munstead’ 12-16” (30-40 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 4

Bright lavender-blue flowers. Fragrant grey-green leaves form a nice compact mound.

Leontopodium - Edelweiss Edelweiss Height: Plant Uses:

Edelweiss

Leontopodium alpinum 6-8” (15-20 cm) Rock garden

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Foliage is silver-grey with woolly white flowers. Drought tolerant.

Leucanthemum - Shasta Daisy Becky Shasta Daisty

Leucanthemum x superbum ‘Becky’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

36-42” (90-105 cm)  Borders

Large 4” white flowers with a yellow centre, dark green foliage. 2003 Perennial of the Year.

Silver Princess Shasta Daisy

Leucanthemum x superbum ‘Silver Princess’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

10-12” (25-30 cm)  Borders

Compact mounding plant with masses of single pure white flowers.

Lewisia - Lewisia Becky Shasta Daisy Kobold Liatris

Little Plum Lewisia

Lewisia longipetala x ‘Little Plum’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging

Star-shaped flowers are bring plum pink held above deep green foliage. Excellent in a rock garden setting. Drought tolerant.

Liatris - Blazing Star Kobold Blazing Star

Liatris spicata ‘Kobold’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Known for its use as a cut flower, this variety has spikes of mauve flowers. Compact habit.

White Blazing Star

Liatris spicata ‘Floristan White’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Narrow spikes of fluffy white flowers on top of low grassy clumps of long, narrow leaves.

Ligularia - Ligularia Othello Ligularia Height: Plant Uses:

Ligularia dentate ‘Othello’ 36-48” (90-120 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Huge round purple leaves with flat flower heads of bright golden-orange daisies.

76

The Rocket Ligularia

The Rocket Ligularia

Ligularia stenocephala ‘The Rocket’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-6’ (120-180 cm)  Borders

This variety has dark green leaves that are deeply divided. Purple-black stems end in long spikes of yellow flowers.

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Lilium - Lily Asiatic Lilies

Lilium asiatica

Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Blooming Time:

June to July

Easy to grow, early blooming and very hardy. Flowers open wide, either upfacing or outfacing. Cultivar:

Height:

Description:

Blackout Cancun Cannes Cappuccino Dot Com Fata Morgana Lollypop Navona Nutcracker Push Off Sphinx

36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm) 26” (65 cm) 36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm) 24” (60 cm) 36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm)

very dark red, almost black magenta red petals, bright yellow centre soft peach mocha cream petals, burgundy spots icy pink petals speckled with burgundy spots double soft yellow, light spotted, pollen-free creamy white centers with reddish pink tips white with greenish centers orange with black flecks, tetraploid white, heavily speckled with burgundy blotches

Cancun Lily

double red, pollen-free

Pot Lilies

Lilium asiatica

Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Blooming Time:

June to July

Upfacing dwarf selections ideal for the border front. Cultivar:

Height:

Description:

Butter Pixie Crimson Pixie Orange Pixie Tiny Icon Lily Tiny Spider Lily

16” (40 cm) 16” (40 cm) 16” (40 cm) 14” (35 cm) 14” (35 cm)

golden yellow, spotted crimson red bright orange, lightly spotted bright pink pink with maroon speckles

L-A Hybrid Lilies

Lilium longiflorum x Lilium asiatica

Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Blooming Time:

June to July

These lilies have exceptional hardiness, longer lasting blooms and strong stems that carry numerous large blooms. Cultivar:

Height:

Description:

Courier Dazzle Fangio Madrid Samur

36” (90 cm) 32” (80 cm) 32” (80 cm) 32” (80 cm 23” (80 cm

cream, maturing to white golden yellow dark wine-red brilliant orange solf pastel pink, creamy white heart.

Oriental Lilies

Lilium oriental

Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 4

Blooming Time:

Elodie Lily New

August to September

Later blooming and very fragrant, their large flowers are superb for cutting. Winter mulching is recommended. Cultivar:

Height:

Description:

Acapulco Casablanca Dizzy Stargazer

36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm)

deep lavender pink, dark pink speckles pure white

Tiny Spider Lily Easter Morn Lily

white with wide red center bands, heavily spotted

crimson red with white margins

Trumpet Lilies

Lilium x

Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 4

Blooming Time:

July to August

Huge flaring trumpet flowers, which are very fragrant. Winter mulching is recommended. Cultivar:

Height:

Description:

African Queen Golden Splendor Pink Perfection

4’ (120 cm) 4’ (120 cm) 4’ (120 cm)

dark chocolate buds, apricot orange deep yellow, maroon stripes on reverse light to dark fuchsia pink

Easterpet Lilies

Aurelian Trumpet x Easter Lily

Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Blooming Time:

Cultivar:

Height:

Description:

Easter Charm Easter Morn

36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm)

purplish pink

August to September

white with pinkish edges, soft yellow centers

Dizzy Oriental Lily

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HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Lilium - Lily Orientpet Lilies

Aurelian Trumpet x Lilium orientale

Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Blooming Time:

August to September

This lily group are crosses between Oriental and Trumpet lilies. They produce beautiful flowers that are very fragrant. These can also produce up to 20 blooms on a single stem. Cultivar:

Northern Carillon Lily

Northern Carillon Lily

Height:

Description:

Northern Beauty 5’ (150 cm) dark red, yellow throat, downfacing Northern Carillon 5’ (150 cm) white, dark red center Northern Dazzle - large pendant blooms of orange yellow, deep crimson red center Northern Delight - down-facing, soft melon orange with deepening centers Northern Star 5’ (150 cm) lavender pink, dark fuchsia center Starburst Sensation 5’ (150 cm) purplish red center, creamy white tips

Canadian Belles Lily Series

Lilium aurelian x Lilium asiatic

Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Blooming Time:

August to September

Cultivar:

Height:

Description:

Creamy Belles Firey Belles Ivory Belles Silky Belles

36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm) 36” (90 cm)

creamy yellow shimmering orange ivory, slight yellow blush in the center. white with a greenish hue.

Limonium - Sea Lavender Sea Lavender Northern Dazzle Lily

Height: Plant Uses:

Limonium latifolium 24-30” (60-75 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Dainty lavender-blue flowers form in clusters on tall stems. Excellent to dry or cut fresh.

Linum - Flax Blue Flax Height: Plant Uses:

Linum perenne ‘Blue Sapphire’ 10-12” (25-30 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: May to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Small blue flowers appear on an upright arching clump. Prune to enable second set of flowers.

White Flax Becky Shasta Daisy Blue Flax New

Height: Plant Uses:

Linum perenne ‘Diamond’ 10-12” (25-30 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: May to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Clump forming perennial with narrow, blue green foliage. White flowers are borne at the ends of long arching stems.

Lupinus - Lupine Manhattan Lights Lupine Height: Plant Uses:

30-36” (75-90 cm)  Borders

New

Lupinus ‘Manhattan Lights’ Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

New listing for 2012. Long, heavy flower stems with large flowers that are dark purple with yellow standards.

Minarette Lupine Height: Plant Uses:

Lupinus ‘Minarette’ 24” (60 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Mixed colours in shades of blue, pink, rose, red, white and yellow form on spikes above compact growing plant.

Manhattan Lights Lupine

Russell’s Hybrids Lupine

Lupinus x polyphyllus

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

30-36” (75-90 cm)  Borders

These lupines are noted for sturdy flower stocks that do not require staking. Cultivar: Description: Chandelier ………...………….……. yellow My Castle ……………………………. red The Chatelaine ……………………. two tone, pink and white

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HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Lychnis - Campion Maltese Cross Height: Plant Uses:

Lychnis chalcedonica 36” (90 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Upright growing perennial with showy clusters of scarlet-orange flowers that form at the end of strong stems.

Lysimachia - Loosestrife Firecracker Loosestrife

Lysimachia ciliata ‘Firecracker’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

24” (60 cm)  Borders

Firecracker Loosestrife

Bronze-purple leaves form a loose upright clump. Nodding yellow flowers provide a nice contrast against the foliage.

Creeping Jenny Height: Plant Uses:

Lysimachia nummularia 2-4” (5-10 cm) Edging

Blooming Time: May to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Low trailing stems quickly form a bright green mat. Yellow flowers appear among the leaves.

Golden Creeping Jenny

Lysimachia nummularia ‘Aurea’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

2-4” (5-10 cm) Edging

Small, nearly round golden yellow leaves on creeping stems hug the ground. Bright yellow flowers appearing amongst the leaves.

Alexander Loosestrife

Lysimachia punctata ‘Alexander’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

24” (60 cm)  Borders

Alexander Loosestrife

Lime green leaves with wide, ivory margins. The fresh growth in spring is tinged with pink. Bright yellow star-like flowers.

Golden Alexander Loosestrife

Lysimachia punctata ‘Golden Alexander’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

24” (60 cm)  Borders

Lime green leaves edged in deep, creamy yellow. Starry yellow flowers. Tends to be less invasive than other lysimachias.

Malva - Mallow Pink Mallow Height: Plant Uses:

Malva moschata ‘Rosea’ 24-36” (60-90 cm)  Borders

Pink Mallow

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Small round pink flowers are borne on strong stems above deep green foliage.

Monarda - Bee-Balm Coral Reef® Bee-Balm

Monarda didyma ‘Coral Reef’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

30-36” (75-90 cm)  Borders

Unique, deep coral-pink flowers are excellent for cutting. Deep green leaves have good mildew resistance. Morden Research Station introduction.

Gardenview Scarlet Bee-Balm

Monarda ‘Gardenview Scarlet’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

30-36” (75-90 cm)  Borders

Coral Reef Monarda

Scarlet red flowers with deep green leaves have good mildew resistance.

Grand Marshall® Bee-Balm

Monarda didyma ‘AChall’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

18-20” (45-50 cm)  Borders

Bright, fuchsia-purple flowers produced on a mid-sized plant. Excellent mildew resistance. Morden Research Station introduction.

Grand Mum® Bee-Balm

Monarda didyma ‘ACmum’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

15-18” (38-45 cm)  Borders

Unique pink-mauve, chrysanthemum-like flowers make this plant a real eye-catcher. Morden Research Station introduction.

Grand Mum Monarda

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HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Monarda - Bee-Balm Grand Parade® Bee-Balm

Monarda didyma ‘ACrade’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

15-18” (38-45 cm)  Borders

Bright, lavender purple flowers on top of a very compact, mid-sized plant that has attractive deep green foliage. Excellent mildew resistance. Morden Research Station introduction.

Grand Parade BeeBee-Balm

Marshall’s Delight Bee-Balm

Monarda ‘Marshall’s Delight’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

30-36” (75-90 cm)  Borders

Showy heads of hot pink flowers on tall strong stems. Demonstrates a high resistance to mildew. Morden Research Station introduction.

Petite Delight Bee-Balm

Monarda ‘Petite Delight’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

10-12” (25-30 cm)  Borders

Lavender-rose flowers stand above the dark green, crinkled foliage which forms a nice mound. Morden Research Station introduction.

Nepeta - Catmint Walker’s Low Catmint

Dropmore Blue Catmint

Nepeta x faassenii ‘Dropmore Blue’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

10-12” (25-30 cm)  Borders

Dense, fragrant grey-green foliage has clusters of bright blue flowers. Drought tolerant.

Walker’s Low Catmint

Nepeta x faassenii ‘Walker’s Low’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

10-15” (25-30 cm)  Borders

Large, lavender-blue flowers put on an exceptional show through out the summer. Attractive grey-green foliage. 2007 Perennial of the Year.

Oenothera - Primrose Yellow Sundrops Height: Plant Uses:

Yellow Sundrops

Oenothera fruticosa 18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders, Massing

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Flowers have red buds that open into lemon-yellow blossoms providing a long blooming period.

Paeonia - Peony Garden Peonies Height: Plant Uses:

Paeonia 30-36” (75-90 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Cultivar: Description: Bartzella ……………………………… double yellow, red specks in center, lemon fragrance Cora Louise …………………………. semi-double white, dark lavender centers, soft scent Festiva Maxima ………...………… double white, flecks of red throughout the center Karl Rosenfield ……………………. double, fuchsia-red, mildly fragrant Raspberry Sundae ……………….. double, vanilla colored flowers with raspberry coloring Sarah Bernhardt ………………….. double apple blossom-pink Sorbet …………………………………. double layers, alternating of soft-pink and ivory Top Brass ……………………………. ivory, layered with yellow and pink center, fragrant

Karl Rosenfield Peony New

Papaver - Poppy Alpine Poppy Height: Plant Uses:

Papaver alpinum 6-10” (12-25 cm) Edging

Blooming Time: May to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Grayish green fern-like foliage with small flowers in shades of yellow, orange, pink and white.

Japanese Poppy Height: Plant Uses:

Papaver miyabeanum ‘Pacino’ 6-8” (15-20 cm) Edging

Blooming Time: May to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Plants make a low mound of olive-green leaves, bearing short stems of sulphur-yellow flowers.

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Cora Louise Peony

Champagne Bubbles Poppy

Papaver nudicaule ‘Champagne Bubbles’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders

A large flowered strain with flower colours in shades of yellow, orange, red, pink or white. Soft green foliage. Long blooming period.

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Papaver - Poppy Brilliant Poppy Height: Plant Uses:

Papaver orientale ‘Brilliant’ 30-40” (75-100 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Vivid fiery scarlet red flowers with a black eye on top of coarse, hairy foliage.

Princess Victoria Louise Poppy

Papaver orientale ‘Princess Victoria Louise’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

30-36” (75-90 cm)  Borders

Royal Wedding Poppy

Massive soft salmon-pink flowers with a dark eye. Coarse dark green hairy foliage.

Royal Wedding Poppy

Papaver orientale ‘Royal Wedding’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

30-32” (75-80 cm)  Borders

White flowers with a black-purple eye on top of coarse, hairy foliage.

Penstemon - Beard-tongue Husker’s Red Beard-Tongue

Penstemon digitalis ‘Husker’s Red’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

30-36” (75-90 cm)  Borders

Attractive upright clumps of maroon-red foliage with dark green underlay. White flowers with a tinge of pink are borne on strong stems. 1996 Perennial of the Year.

Davidson’s Beard-Tongue

Penstemon davidsonii

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging

Davidson’s Beard Tongue

Dark green foliage forms a low mound with deep blue tubular shaped flowers. Drought tolerant once established.

Red Rocks Beard-Tongue

Penstemon x mexicali ‘Red Rocks’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 4

15” (30 cm)  Borders

Attractive mounds of narrow green foliage, bright rose coloured flowers. Drought tolerant.

Perovskia - Russian Sage Russian Sage Height: Plant Uses:

Perovskia atriplicifolia ‘Filigran’ 30-40” (80-100 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: July to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

This plant forms an upright bush of fragrant, finely cut grey-green leaves. Lavender-blue flowers appear in late summer. 1995 Perennial Plant of the Year.

Russian Sage David Garden Phlox

Persicaria - Fleeceflower Dimity Dwarf Fleeceflower

Persicaria affinis ‘Dimity’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

6-12” (15-30 cm) Edging

Leathery green leaves form a low, spreading mat with short red spikes in summer.

Phlox - Phlox Garden Phlox

Phlox paniculata

Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Blooming Time:

July to September

Wonderful clump-forming plants with an exceptional long blooming period. Overhead watering should be avoided and plants should be well-spaced to allow for good air circulation. Cultivar:

Height:

Description:

Baby Face Becky Towe Blue Paradise David Eva Cullum Miss Mary Nora Leigh Orange Perfection Spinners Starfire

18” (45 cm) 20-27” (50-70 cm) 30-36” (80-90 cm) 30-36” (80-90 cm) 23-29” (60-75 cm) 22” (55 cm) 28-30” (70-75 cm) 30-36” (80-90 cm) 30-36” (80-80 cm) 30-36” (80-90 cm)

clear pink with hot pink eye rose pink, magenta eye, golden edged foliage

lavender blue, white star-shaped eye pure white, fragrant, 2002 Perennial of the Year

clear pink, dark pink center clear red white, rose-pink eye, white edged foliage salmon orange vibrant pink and white bicolor flowers cherry red

Spinners Garden Phlox

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HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Phlox - Phlox Variegated Creeping Phlox

Phlox x procumbens ‘Variegata’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging

Creeping phlox with variegated silver and green foliage. Bright pink flowers in late spring.

Candy Stripes Moss Phlox

Sherwood Purple Phlox

Phlox stolonifera ‘Sherwood Purple’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

6-8” (15-20 cm) Edging

Showy purple-blue flowers bloom on short stems above deep green foliage.

Moss Phlox Height: Plant Uses:

Phlox subulata 2-6” (5-15 cm) Edging

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Low-growing mats of evergreen foliage, very showy when in bloom. Cultivar: Description: Candy Stripes ………...………..… rose-pink edged in white, crimson eye Crimson Beauty …………………. bright rosy-red Emerald Blue …………………….. soft lavender-blue Emerald Pink …………………….. soft pink White Delight …………………….. pure white

Variegated Obedient Plant

Physostegia - Obedient Plant Rose Crown Obedient Plant

Physostegia virginiana ‘Rose Crown’

Height: 24-36” (60-90 cm) Blooming Time: July to October Plant Uses:  Borders Hardiness: ) - Zone 3 Spikes of deep rose-pink flowers cover the deep green foliage when in bloom.

Variegated Obedient Plant

Physostegia virginiana ‘Variegata’

Height: 24-36” (60-90 cm) Blooming Time: July to October Plant Uses:  Borders Hardiness: ) - Zone 3 Narrow green leaves are edged in white with spikes of soft lavender blooms.

Platycodon - Balloon Flower Sentimental Blue Balloon Flower Sentimental Blue Balloon Flower

Platycodon grandiflorus ‘ Sentimental Blue’

Height: 8-12” (20-30 cm) Blooming Time: June to August Plant Uses:  Borders Hardiness: ) - Zone 3 Blue balloon like buds open into large bell-shaped flowers. Plant has compact, upright form.

Polemonium - Jacob’s Ladder Jacob’s Ladder Height: Plant Uses:

Polemonium caeruleum 18-30” (45-80 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: May to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 2

Flowers are medium blue, held on stems above the green mounded foliage.

Brise d’Anjou Jacob’s Ladder

Polemonium caeruleum ‘Brise d’Anjou’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Ferny green leaves that are brightly edged in creamy-yellow provide interest throughout the season. A showy display of violet blue flowers appear in early summer.

Snow and Sapphires Jacob’s Ladder

Snow and Sapphires Jacob’s Ladder

Polemonium caeruleum ‘Snow and Sapphires’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

24-30” (60-75 cm)  Borders

Dark green foliage edged in white with showy violet-blue flowers. Upright growth habit.

Stairway to Heaven Jacob’s Ladder

Polemonium reptans ‘Stairway to Heaven’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

12” (30 cm)  Borders

This variety has green foliage that is surrounded by a cream colored margin that turns pink in cool weather or full sun. Flowers are intense blue.

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Stairway to Heaven Jacob’s Ladder

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS

New

Polygonatum - Solomon’s Seal Solomon’s Seal Height: Plant Uses:

Polygonatum multiflorum 24-28” (60-70 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Arching stems with green leaves form a thick patch, very showy when the white bell-shaped flowers are in bloom. New

Variegated Solomon’s Seal Height: Plant Uses:

24-28” (60-70 cm)  Borders

Polygonatum odoratum ‘Variegatum’ Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

New listing for 2012. Arching stems with green leaves edged in white. White bell-shaped flowers are in bloom.

Variegated Solomon’s Seal

Primula - Primrose Auricula Primrose Height: Plant Uses:

Primula auricular hybrids 6-8” (15-20 cm)  Borders, Edging

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Rosettes of waxy leaves bear clusters of flowers in shades of yellow, mauve, pink, red and wine, with a contrasting eye.

Drumstick Primrose

Primula denticulata

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

8-12” (20-30 cm)  Borders

Flowers are held in ball-shaped clusters in shades of blue, lilac, pink and white. Green foliage is crinkled in texture.

Wanda Mix Primrose

Primula x ‘Wanda Mix’

Auricula Primrose

Height: 4-6” (10-15 cm) Blooming Time: April to May Plant Uses: Borders Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3 An abundance of huge flowers in a large range of colours. Green foliage is crinkled in texture.

Pulmonaria - Lungwort Majeste Lungwort Height: Plant Uses:

Pulmonaria longifolia ‘Majeste’ 10-12” (25-30 cm)  Borders, Edging

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Shimmering solid silver-grey foliage with a narrow green edge, rosy pink flowers in spring.

Mrs. Moon Lungwort

Pulmonaria saccharata ‘Mrs. Moon’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 2

10-12” (25-30 cm)  Borders, Edging

Silver-spotted, dark green foliage. Clusters of pink buds open into blue, bell shaped flowers.

Majeste Lungwort Gloriosa Daisy

Pulsatilla - Pasque Flower Pasque Flower Height: Plant Uses:

Pulsatilla vulgaris ‘Rubra’ 6-12” (15-30 cm)  Borders, Edging

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

An early spring bloomer with purplish-red blooms similar to a Prairie Crocus. Flowers followed by fuzzy seed-heads.

Ratibida - Coneflower Prairie Coneflower

Ratibida columnifera

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

24-30” (60-75 cm)  Borders

This native plant has lots of yellow flowers with long brown cones.

Rudbeckia - Black-Eyed Susan Black-Eyed Susan Height: Plant Uses:

Rudbeckia fulgida ‘Goldsturm’ 24-30” (60-75 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Golden-yellow, daisy-like flowers have a dark brown central cone. Sturdy, upright habit. 1999 Perennial of the Year.

Gloriosa Daisy

Rudbeckia hirta ‘Rustic Colors’

Height: 20” (50 cm) Blooming Time: July to September Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3 Yellow flowers with reddish-brown coloring the inner half of each petal.

BlackBlack-Eyed Susan

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HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Sagina - Moss Irish Moss Height: Plant Uses:

Sagina subulata ½-1” (1-2 cm) Pathways

Blooming Time: May to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Bright green foliage is covered with tiny white flowers in summer. Excellent groundcover.

Scotch Moss Irish Moss

Height: Plant Uses:

Sagina subulata ‘Aurea’ ½-1” (1-2 cm) Pathways

Blooming Time: May to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

This variety has bright neon-yellow foliage with tiny white flowers. Excellent groundcover.

Salvia - Sage Caradonna Sage Height: Plant Uses:

Salvia nemorosa ‘Caradonna’ 18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Dark violet blue blossoms with deep purple stem, sturdy deep green foliage.

May Night Sage Height: Plant Uses:

Salvia x sylvestris ‘May Night’ 18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Deep indigo-violet flowers held well above sturdy deep green foliage. 1997 Perennial of the Year.

Saponaria - Soapwort

May Night Sage Rock Soapwort Height: Plant Uses:

Saponaria ocymoides 6-8” (15-20 cm) Rock garden

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Trailing growth habit makes this an excellent choice for walls and rock gardens. Pink flowers in early summer.

Saxifraga - Rockfoil

White Mossy Saxifrage

Saxifraga x arendsii ‘Alba’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-8” (10-20 cm) Rock garden

Cushions of bright-green foliage bear short stems of upfacing cup-shaped blossoms in white.

Rock Soapwort

White Mossy Saxifrage

Purple Robe Saxifrage

Saxifraga x arendsii ‘Purple Robe’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-8” (10-20 cm) Rock garden

Cushions of bright-green foliage bear short stems of upfacing blossoms in red-purple.

Scabiosa - Pincushion Flower Butterfly Blue Pincushion Flower

Scabiosa columbaria ‘Butterfly Blue’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders

Small lavender-blue flowers that bloom throughout the season. Ferny grey-green leaves form a nice mound. Drought tolerant once established. 2000 Perennial of the Year.

Pink Mist Pincushion Flower

Pink Mist Pincushion Flower

Scabiosa columbaria ‘Pink Mist’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders

Soft lavender-pink flowers bloom through the summer on top of mounding ferny grey-green leaves. Drought tolerant once established.

Sedum - Stonecrop Mediovariegatum Stonecrop

Sedum alboroseum ‘Mediovariegatum’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

16-20” (40-50 cm)  Borders

Foliage is powdery-green with creamy-yellow centers, flowers that are a greenish-white tinged with pink. Remove any shoots that revert to green.

Pink Stonecrop Height: Plant Uses:

84

Mediovariegatum Stonecrop

Sedum ewersii 4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging

Blooming Time: August to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

This variety forms a mound of rounded blue-green leaves with bright rose-pink flowers.

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Sedum - Stonecrop Frosty Morn Stonecrop

Sedum ‘Frosty Morn’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

24-28” (60-70 cm)  Borders

This variety has apple-green leaves that are strongly edged in creamy white. Flowers are white and may be tinged with soft-pink.

Russian Stonecrop

Sedum kamtschaticum

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging

Frosty Morn Stonecrop

Low spreading carpet of green leaves with bright-yellow star-shaped flowers.

Variegated Russian Stonecrop

Sedum kamtschaticum ‘Variegatum’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging

Leaves are light green edged with creamy white. Flowers are held in clusters of golden-orange.

Purple Emperor Stonecrop

Sedum purderyi ‘Purple Emperor’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

12-16” (30-40 cm)  Borders

Attractive dark purple-black succulent foliage with showy heads of dusty pink flowers. Growth habit is more upright and compact.

Angelina Sedum Height: Plant Uses:

Sedum repestre ‘Angelina’ 4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Purple Emperor Stonecrop

Golden-yellow, evergreen, needle-like foliage. Cooler temperatures will cause the tips of the leaves take on a reddish-orange tinge. Yellow flowers.

Blue Spruce Sedum

Sedum repestre ‘Blue Spruce’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

6-10” (15-25 cm) Edging

Bluish green, succulent needles. Bright yellow flowers. Excellent groundcover.

Autumn Fire Stonecrop

Sedum spectabile ‘Autumn Fire’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: September to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

An improved version of Autumn Joy with thicker, sturdier stalks. Leaves are grey-green with russet red flower heads in fall.

Autumn Joy Stonecrop

Sedum spectabile ‘Autumn Joy’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: September to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Angelina Stonecrop

Blue Spruce Stonecrop

Upright growing, green foliage bears massive heads of dusty-pink flowers. Drought tolerant.

Neon Stonecrop Height: Plant Uses:

Sedum spectabile ‘Neon’ 18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: September to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Upright growth habit with attractive grey-green foliage and large flowers heads of neon pink.

Dragon’s Blood Stonecrop

Sedum spurium ‘Dragon’s Blood’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging

Bronzy-red foliage forms a thick groundcover. Clusters of ruby flowers appear mid summer.

Tricolor Stonecrop

Sedum spurium ‘Tricolor’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging

Autumn Fire Stonecrop

Low growing perennial with green leaves edged in pink and creamy white. Soft-pink flowers.

Autumn Charm Stonecrop

Sedum telephium ‘Autumn Charm’

Height: 15” (40 cm) Blooming Time: August to September Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3 A unique combination of green leaves with creamy white edges. Upright stems carry white flower buds that open to rosy red flowers.

Tricolor Stonecrop

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HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Sedum - Stonecrop Autumn Delight Stonecrop

Sedum telephium ‘Autumn Delight’

Height: 16-20” (40-50 cm) Blooming Time: August to September Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3 This variety has chartreuse–yellow leaves with a narrow, blue-green, serrated margin. In late summer, cream buds open to large clusters of light pink flowers.

Matrona Stonecrop

Matrona Stonecrop

Sedum telephium ‘Matrona’

Height: 16-20” (40-50 cm) Blooming Time: August to September Plant Uses:  Borders Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3 Sturdy, upright grower that has grey-green leaves infused with rosy pink and purple stems. Flower clusters are creamy-pink.

Postman’s Pride Stonecrop

Sedum ‘Postman’s Pride’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

12-15” (30-40 cm)  Borders

Glossy, rich burgundy foliage forms a bushy upright plant. Purple buds open to pink flowers.

Vera Jameson Stonecrop

Sedum ‘Vera Jameson’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

6-8” (15-20 cm) Edging

Foliage is a rich mahogany-purple with arching stems of dusty pink flower heads.

Cobweb Hens & Chicks

Sempervivum - Hens & Chicks Cobweb Hens and Chicks

Sempervivum arachnoideum

Height: 2-4” (5-10 cm) Blooming Time: June to August Plant Uses: Edging Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3 Fine silvery hairs join together the green leaf tips like a spider’s web. Pink flowers.

Green Hens and Chicks

Sempervivum tectorum

Height: 2-4” (5-10 cm) Blooming Time: June to August Plant Uses: Edging Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3 Forms medium rosettes of deep green leaves with pink flowers.

Purple Beauty Hens and Chicks

BlueBlue-Eyed Grass

Sempervivum tectorum ‘Purple Beauty’

Height: 2-4” (5-10 cm) Blooming Time: June to August Plant Uses: Edging Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3 A succulent perennial with rosettes of purplish-red and green centers. Pink flowers.

Sidalcea - Prairie Mallow Party Girl Prairie Mallow

Sidalcea ‘Party Girl’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

24-36” (60-90 cm)  Borders

Satiny, 2” wide, rose-pink flowers with white centers are held on tall flower spikes.

Sisyrinchium - Blue-Eyed Grass Blue-Eyed Grass Height: Plant Uses:

Sisyrinchium angustifolium 10” (25 cm) Edging, Borders

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Bright purple-blue, star-like flowers top the dark green, grass-like foliage.

Solidago - Goldenrod

Goldenrod Goldenrod Height: Plant Uses:

Solidago 18-24” (45-60 cm)  Borders

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

An abundance of golden yellow panicles cover the finely textured, green foliage.

Stachys - Lamb’s Ears Lamb’s Ears Height: Plant Uses:

Stachys byzantina 12” (30 cm) Borders, Edging

Blooming Time: June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Woolly silver-grey leaves form a thick mat with pink flowers. It is recommended to remove old flowers to keep plants tidy.

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Lamb’s Ears

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Tanacetum - Painted Daisy Robinson’s Mix Painted Daisy

Tanacetum coccineum ‘Robinson’s Mix’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

18-30” (45-75 cm)  Borders

Beautiful daisy type flowers in shades of red, pink or white on ferny green foliage. Deadhead to encourage continued blooming.

Thymus - Thyme Lemon Thyme Height: Plant Uses:

Robinson’s Mix Daisy

Thymus x citriodorus 6-8” (15-20 cm) Edging

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Known for its herb use, this variety has deep green foliage with a heavy lemon scent. Small lavender flowers in mid summer.

Woolly Thyme Height: Plant Uses:

Thymus pseudolanuginosus 1-2” (2-5 cm) Edging, Pathways

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Soft, fuzzy grey-green foliage with sparse soft-pink flowers. An excellent choice for planting in pathways.

Mother of Thyme Height: Plant Uses:

Thymus serpyllum 1-2” (2-5 cm) Edging

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) Zone 3

Woolly Thyme

This variety creates a very flat mat of tiny green leaves. Effective for use in pathways. Bright rosy pink flowers cover the plant.

Tiarella - Foamflower Wherry’s Foamflower

Tiarella wherryi

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to July Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

6-12” (15-30 cm) Edging

Deeping lobed green leaves with airy spikes of white to pink flowers. Clump forming.

Tradescantia - Spiderwort Spiderwort Height: Plant Uses:

Tradescantia andersoniana 18-20” (45-50 cm) Borders

Bloom Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Wherry’s Foamflower

Large, blue triangular shaped flowers form on upright grassy-looking clumps of green leaves.

Innocence Spiderwort

Tradescantia andersoniana ‘Innocence’

Height: Plant Uses:

Bloom Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

18-20” (45-50 cm) Borders

Pure white, triangular shaped flowers form on upright grassy-looking clumps.

Sweet Kate Spiderwort

Tradescantia andersoniana ‘Sweet Kate’

Height: Plant Uses:

Bloom Time: June to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

18-20” (45-50 cm) Borders

This variety has unique chartreuse-yellow foliage lasting through out the summer. Triangular shaped violet blue flowers add contrast to the foliage.

Trollius - Globeflower Golden Queen Globeflower

Trollius chinensis ‘Golden Queen’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

30-36” (75-90 cm)  Borders

Sweet Kate Spiderwort

Golden-range, 2-3” wide, bowl-shaped flowers stand in stark contrast to the deep green foliage.

Dwarf Globeflower

Trollius pumilus

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

8-12” (20-30 cm) Edging

Single bright yellow buttercup type flowers are held above the low, mounded dark green foliage.

Perennial Selection Guide

see page 92

Dwarf Globeflower

87

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Veronica - Speedwell Austrian Speedwell

Veronica austriaca

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

6-8” (15-20 cm) Edging

This variety has rich, royal blue flowers in short spikes on top of low creeping green foliage.

Golden Speedwell

White Jolanda Speedwell

Veronica longifolia ‘White Jolanda’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

20” (50 cm)  Borders

A very showy perennial with dense upright spikes of pure white flowers on top of dark green foliage. Very upright growth habit.

Royal Pink Speedwell

Veronica longifolia ‘Royal Pink’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

16” (40 cm)  Borders

Dense spikes of soft pink flowers on top of dark green foliage. Very upright growth habit.

Golden Speedwell Height: Plant Uses:

Veronica prostrate ‘Aztec Gold’ 4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Brilliant gold leaves form a low, spreading mound. Short spikes of sky blue flowers appear just above the foliage.

Blue Bomb Speedwell

Red Fox Speedwell

Veronica spicata ‘Red Fox’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

12-16” (30-40 cm)  Borders

Upright spikes of bright fuchsia pink flower spikes are held above green foliage.

Sunny Border Blue Speedwell

Veronica spicata ‘Sunny Border Blue’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders

Spikes of deep violet-blue flowers make this variety especially showy. Bright green foliage is un-usually crinkled. 1993 Perennial of the Year.

Blue Bomb Speedwell

Veronica x ‘Blue Bomb’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

12-18” (30-45 cm)  Borders

Unique branched flower plumes similar to Astilbe, each plume is comprised of hundreds of bright blue flowers. Dark green foliage is very compact.

Vinca - Periwinkle Periwinkle Height: Plant Uses:

Vinca minor 4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging, Groundcover

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Periwinkle blue flowers form over a mat of glossy green leaves. Makes an excellent groundcover.

Illumination Periwinkle

Vinca minor ‘Illumination’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Edging, Groundcover

Bright golden yellow leaves edged in dark green. Blue flowers form in early summer.

White Jolanda Speedwell

Red Fox Speedwell

Viola - Pansy Viola

Viola cornuta

Height: Plant Uses:

4-5” (10-12 cm) Edging

Blooming Time: April to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Cultivar: Description: Bowles Black ………...………..… deep violet-black, yellow eye Princess Mix ………...………..…. mixture of blue, purple, yellow and white Princess Yellow ………...……….. Yellow

Labrador Violet Height: Plant Uses:

88

Viola riviniana ‘Purpurea’ 4-6” (10-15 cm) Borders

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Dark purplish foliage makes an excellent groundcover with deep violet purple flowers.

Periwinkle

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Viola - Pansy Dark Freckled Violet

Viola sororia ‘Dark Freckles’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: April to May Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-6” (10-15 cm) Borders

A very unique viola with pale blue flowers spotted with violet held above green leaves.

Ferns Maidenhair Fern Height:

Adiantum pedatum

12-24” (30-60 cm)

Maidenhair Fern

Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Plant Uses: Edging

Light green, lacy leaves on stems that are shiny and black. Delicate, fan-shape fronds.

Lady Fern Height:

Athyrium filix-femina

12-24” (30-60 cm)

Plant Uses: Massing

Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Delicate and lacy-looking ferns with triangular fronds divided into small leaflets.

Japanese Painted Fern Height:

12-24” (30-60 cm)

Athyrium niponicum ‘Pictum’ Plant Uses: Massing

Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 3

Arching fronds, olive-green in colour with a metallic–grey sheen. 2004 Perennial of the Year.

Native Fern Height:

Matteuccia struthiopteris

12-24” (30-60 cm)

Plant Uses: Massing

Exposure/Hardiness: - ( Zone 2

An upright fern with deep green fronds. Forms a wide-spreading patch.

Japanese Painted Fern

Grasses Big Bluestem Grass

Andropogon gerardi

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-5’ (120-150 cm) Edging, Borders

Upright growing grass with blue green foliage. Slow to spread and forms a nice clump.

Variegated Bulbous Oat Grass

Arrhenatherum bulbosum ‘Variegatum’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

12-18” (30-45 cm) Edging, Borders

This grass forms a low clump of cream and green striped leaves. Tan colour seed heads.

Blue Gamma Grass

Bouteloua gracilis

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

12-18” (30-45 cm) Massing

Variegated Bulbous Oat Grass

Thin gray green foliage forms a nice clump. Flower heads are extremely decorative.

Skinner’s Golden Brome Grass

Bromis inermis ‘Skinner’s Golden’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

12-18” (30-45 cm) Massing

This vigorous growing grass is characterized by green foliage that is heavily edged in bright golden yellow. Golden seed heads appear in early summer.

Karl Foerster Feather Reed Grass

Calamagrostis acutiflora ‘Karl Foerster’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-5’ (120-150 cm) Borders

Narrow clumps of green foliage bear spikes of soft, greenish flowers that fade to rose and then into stiff tan seed heads. Strong, upright habit. 2001 Perennial of the Year.

Variegated Feather Reed Grass

Calamagrostis acutiflora ‘Overdam’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

3-4’ (90-120 cm) Borders

Blue Gamma Grass

This grass has narrow green leaves edged in white. Strong upright growth habit.

Tufted Hair Grass Height: Plant Uses:

Deschampsia caespitosa 24-36” (60-90 cm) Edging

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Dark green grass blades form a dense clump with attractive seed heads.

Awned Wheatgrass

Elymus trachycaulus

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

24-36” (60-90 cm) Edging

A native perennial grass, clump forming. Foliage is a blue green.

Karl Foerster Feather Reed Grass

89

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS Grasses Elijah Blue Fescue Grass

Festuca ovina glauca ‘Elijah Blue’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

8-10” (20-25 cm) Edging

Rich blue coloured foliage that is retained well throughout the summer. Compact growth habit.

Elijah Blue Fescue Grass

Blue Fescue Grass

Festuca ovina glauca ‘Select’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: May to June Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

8-10” (20-25 cm) Edging

This grass has spiky silver-grey foliage and forms a nice compact clump.

Blue Oat Grass Height: Plant Uses:

Helictotrichon sempervirens 24-36” (60-90 cm) Borders

Blooming Time: May to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

A popular grass noted for its intense blue colour and clump forming nature. Non- spreading.

Japanese Blood Grass

Imperata cylindrical ‘Red Baron’

Height: Plant Uses:

Exposure/Hardiness:

18-20” (45-50 cm) Annual, Containers

) - Zone 4

Green upright-growing foliage develops red tips which become increasingly deeper red as the season progresses.

Flying Hedgehogs Rush

Juncus ensifolius ‘Flying Hedgehogs’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to September Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

10-12” (25-30cm) Annual, Containers

Dark brown spiky seed heads add interest to this blue-green grass add a touch of whimsy to any container.

Autumn Red Maiden Hair Grass

Miscanthus sinensis purpurascens ‘Autumn Red’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

3-4’ (90-120 cm) Border

Grey-green foliage gives way to brilliant, red-orange fall colour. Showy, silvery plumes provide extra interest.

Blue Oat Grass

Variegated Moor Grass

Molinia caerulea ‘Variegata’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

24-30” (60-75 cm) Borders

A low mound of narrow green leaves edged in creamy yellow. Golden brown seed heads on arching branches. Nice compact form.

Heavy Metal Switch Grass

Panicum virgatum ‘Heavy Metal’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

4-5’ (120-150 cm) Borders

This variety has blue foliage with a very upright and narrow growth habit.

Ribbon Grass Height: Plant Uses:

Phalaris arundinacea 24-36” (60-90 cm) Massing

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 2

Attractive green and white variegated foliage with tan plumes. Very quick spreading.

Heavy Metal Switch Grass

The Blues Little Bluestem

Schizachyrium scoparium ‘The Blues’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: June to July Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

24-48” (60-120 cm) Massing

A clump forming, fine textured grass, this selection has strong blue colour.

Indian Grass Height: Plant Uses:

Sorghastrum nutans 36-59” (90-150 cm) Massing

Blooming Time: July to August Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

A native prairie grass, green upright blades form a non-invasive clump. Tan coloured seed heads.

Prairie Dropseed Height: Plant Uses:

90

Ribbon Grass

Sporobolus heterolepis 12-24 (30-60 cm) Massing

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 3

Medium green foliage forms a tight clump. Delicate seed heads adorn this plant with the blades turning orange for the fall season. Drought tolerant.

ANNUAL GRASSES Toffee Twist Sedge Grass

Carex flagellifera ‘Toffee Twist’

Height: Plant Uses:

Exposure/Hardiness:

18-20” (45-50 cm) Annual, Containers

) - Zone 7

Toffee coloured foliage with a gentle cascading habit make this a good addition to any container. New

Baby Tut Grass Height: Plant Uses:

10-12” (25-30cm) Annual, Containers

Cyperus involucratus Exposure/Hardiness:

) - Zone 10

New listing for 2012. Baby Tut is a mounded green foliage grass, with firework like shoots. Prefers moist conditions. New

King Tut Grass Height: Plant Uses:

4-5’ (25-30cm) Annual, Containers

Toffee Twist Grass New

Cyperus papyrus ‘King Tut’ Exposure/Hardiness:

) - Zone 10

New listing for 2012. A quick growing grass with deep green foliage and large spiky flower heads. Prefers moist conditions.

Fiber Optic Grass Height: Plant Uses:

Isolepis cernua 10-12” (25-30cm) Annual, Containers

Exposure/Hardiness:

) - Zone 6

Dense, green mounds are formed with fine hair-like blades. At the end of each blade is a ball shaped seed head. Very unique!

Mexican Feather Grass

Nassella tenuissima

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: July to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 6

18-24” (45-60 cm) Annual, Containers

Very fine, thread-like green foliage ending in straw-coloured, narrow seed heads. Very delicate and soft in appearance.

Green Fountain Grass

Pennisetum setaceum

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 9

3-4’ (90-120 cm) Annual, Containers

King Tut Grass

Green foliage forms an arching, slightly upright mound. Blooms are a purplish-pink colour.

Princess Caroline Fountain Grass Height: Plant Uses:

New

3-4’ (90-120 cm) Annual, Containers

Pennisetum set. ‘Princess Caroline’ Exposure/Hardiness:

) - Zone 9

New listing for 2012. Wide, dark purple foliage. Excellent for large containers or for the summer garden.

Princess Molly Fountain Grass Height: Plant Uses:

20” (50 cm) Annual, Containers

New

Pennisetum setaceum ‘Princess Molly’ Exposure/Hardiness:

) - Zone 9

New listing for 2012. Wide, olive green leaves are bordered with purple, and further highlighted with a dark purple-black stripe down the centre of the leaves. Excellent for containers or for the summer garden.

Purple Fountain Grass

Pennisetum setaceum var. ‘Rubrum’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 9

24-36” (60-90 cm) Annual, Containers

Purple Fountain Grass

Deep burgundy foliage with pink plumes make this variety a showpiece in any yard or pot!

Fireworks Fountain Grass

Pennisetum setaceum rub. ‘Fireworks’

Height: Plant Uses:

Blooming Time: August to October Exposure/Hardiness: ) - Zone 9

24-36” (60-90 cm) Annual, Containers

The first variegated purple fountain grass! The foliage has midveins of burgundy with hot pink margins. Great for container gardening.

Fireworks Fountain Grass

91

HERBACEOUS PERENNIAL SELECTION GUIDE DROUGHT TOLERANT • •

ATTRACT BUTTERFLIES • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

92

Achillea Ajuga Alcea Alchemilla Aquilegia Aster Astrantia Bergenia Centaurea Chelone Coreopsis Delphinium Dianthus Echinacea Eupatorium Gaillardia Helenium Hemerocallis Heuchera Knautia Lavendula Liatris Ligularia Lupinus Nepata Phlox Rudbeckia Salvia Scabiosa Sidalcea Solidago Tradescantia Veronica

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Achillea Aquilegia Aster Coreopsis Echinacea Gaillardia Hemerocallis Hosta Iris Lavender Monarda Papaver Rudbeckia Russian Sage Sedum Shasta Daisy

DEER RESISTANT • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

SHADE TOLERANT • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Aconitum Aegopodium Ajuga Anemone Astilbe Bergenia Convallaria Dicentra Filipendula Heuchera Hosta Lamium Ligularia Polygonatum Primula Pulmonaria

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Achillea Aconitum Agastache Ajuga Alchemilla Anemone Aquilegia Artemesia Astilbe Bergenia Brunnera Campanula Centaurea Chelone Convallaria Coreopsis Delphinium Dianthus Dicentra Digitalis Echinacea Helenium Heuchera Iris Lavandula Liatris Lilium Monarda Nepata Papaver Pulmonaria Salvia Sedum Sempervivum Tiarella Veronica Vinca

HARDINESS ZONE MAP A zone rating is an attempt to match a plant’s survival with a set of environmental conditions. These conditions include minimum winter temperature, frost free period, snow cover, and wind speed. The revised Canadian zone map (www.sis.agr.gc.ca/cansis/nsdb/climate/hardiness/intro.html) released in 2001 also factored in elevation. Most zone maps include a list of indicator plant species whose survival depends on certain climatic variables. Remember that zone ratings are only a guideline for plant selection. Plant survival is also impacted by bodies of water, wind protection, snow cover and urban heat islands. For this reason there will always be trees and shrubs that defy the odds and thrive under conditions very different from their zone rating. Nevertheless, there are limits to this flexibility and in most cases ignoring a plant’s zone rating is an invitation for winter damage. Typical winter damage on woody ornamentals includes winter browning, root injury, tip kill and bole cracking. The absence of snow combined with cold temperatures can have lethal effects on the roots of certain species. It is for this reason that rootstock must be carefully selected even when bud grafting hardy varieties. Ideally, seedling rootstock should be sourced from the harshest conditions in the region where the finished plant will be marketed. Tip kill and bole cracking are not only related to winter conditions but, more importantly, the onset of those conditions in the fall. Woody plants need adequate time and suitable conditions to set buds and enter dormancy prior to facing extreme cold. For example, a hard September frost may be more damaging to a Silver Maple than a bitter cold spell in January. An informed gardener will take note of plant hardiness when making plant selections. However, one should not hesitate to stretch the limits of ornamental species in the landscape through: 1) proper plant placement to take advantage of snow cover and shelter, and 2) careful application of fertilizer so as to allow proper fall shutdown.

93

GARDEN FOR BIRDS BACKYARD FOR ENTERTAINING

A

94

B C D E

A

Hot Wings Maple (x 1) Alternates: Ventura Maple, Goldrush Amur Cherry

B

Toba Hawthorn (x 2) Alternate: Nannyberry Viburnum

C

Techny Cedar (x 3) Alternates: Holmstrup Cedar, Skybound Cedar

D

Kelsey Dogwood (x 2) Alternate: Rose Daphne

E

Arcadia Juniper (x 4) Alternate: Russian Cypress

F

Mohican Viburnum (x 1) Alternate: Redosier Dogwood

G

Snowberry (x 1) Alternates: Sweetberry Honeysuckle, Autumn Magic Aronia

H

Compact American Cranberry (x 1) Alternate: Nannyberry Viburnum

I

Purple Beauty Aster (x 7) Alternates: Romany Aster, Solomon’s Seal

J

Moonbeam Coreopsis (x 4)

Alternate: Coralbells

K

Purple Coneflower (x 3)

Alternate: Globe Thistle

L

Black Eyed Susan (x 3) Alternate: Grand Parade Monarda

M

Butterfly Blue Pincushion Flower (x 6) Alternate: Catmint

N

Goldenrod (x 3)

O

Autumn Red Maiden Grass (x 2) Alternate: Variegated Feather Reed Grass

P

Blue Oat Grass (x 3)

Q

Japanese Painted Fern (x 6)

R

Cosmos

S

Moss Rose (x 20)

(x 6)

Alternate: Globe Thistle

Alternate: Common Fern Alternate: Coleus Alternate: Impatiens

Prairie Spire Green Ash (x 1) Alternates: American Linden, Patmore / Summit Ash Black Hill’s White Spruce (x 5) Alternates: Select Blue Spruce, Hoopsi Blue Spruce Starlite Crabapple (x 4) Alternates: Spring Snow Crabapple, Snowbird Hawthorn, Purple Spire Crabapple (x 1) Alternates: Royal Beauty Crabapple, Miss Kim Lilac Topgraft Goldrush Amur Cherry (x 1) Alternates: Pink Spires Crabapple, Ventura Maple,

F

Mohican Viburnum (x 10) Alternates: Nannyberry, Snowball Viburnum

G

Goldflame Spirea (x 10) Alternates: Goldmound Spirea, Magic Carpet Spirea

H

Skybound Pyramidal Cedar (x 9) Alternates: Brandon Pyramidal Cedar, Holmstrup Cedar

I

Mango Tango Potentilla (x 13) Alternates: Pink Beauty Potentilla, McKay’s White Potentilla

J

Russian Cypress (x 9) Alternates: Compact Plumosa Juniper, Icee Blue Juniper

K

Royal Edward Rose (x 12) Alternates: Winnipeg Parks Rose, Prairie Joy Rose

L

Maacks Euonymus (x 4) Alternates: Summerwine Ninebark, Snowhite Spirea

M

Annabelle Hydrangea (x 14) Alternates: Unique Hydrangea, Endless Summer Hydrangea

N

Ground cover

O

Mixed perennials

P

Annuals of choice

95

PLANTING INSTRUCTIONS

FRUIT POLLINATION INFORMATION

UNDERSTANDING CROSS-POLLINATION Cross pollination refers to the transfer of pollen between flowers of genetically-distinct plants. For cross-pollinated species at least two different cultivars from the same group must be planted in relatively close proximity for successful pollination and fruit production. Insects will cross pollinate a fruit tree when other suitable pollinator trees are growing within 450 feet. However, cross pollination may be hampered by cool, rainy weather or the lack of pollinating insects.

FRUIT TREE POLLINATION Most hardy fruit trees require cross pollination by another cultivar from the same group. 1. APPLE: Require cross pollination for fruit set. All apples, crabapples and applecrabs are closely related and can be used to cross pollinate each other. Ornamental crabapples can pollinate fruiting cultivars. 2. APRICOT: Produce more reliably when pollinated by other apricots or Nanking Cherry. 3. CHERRY PLUM: Require cross pollination by another cherry plum cultivar or Sandcherry. 4. PLUM: Require cross pollination by a compatible plum cultivar or native plum species. Hybrid plums may not be cross pollinated by another hybrid plum. Cultivars such as Brookgold (Prunus salicina) and Toka (complex hybrid) can serve as pollinizers for hybrid cultivars such as Brookred and Pembina. 5. PEAR: Require cross pollination by another pear cultivar or Ussurian Pear seedling.

SMALL FRUIT POLLINATION Most hardy fruit shrubs are self-fertile and do not require cross pollination by another cultivar. 1. BLUEBERRY: Many are self-pollinating, however planting multiple cultivars often results in larger berries and better yields. 2. CHERRY: Self pollinating; only one variety required for fruit production. 3. CURRANT & GOOSEBERRY: Self pollinating; only one variety required for fruit production. If currants are grown near gooseberries yields can be even greater. 4. GRAPE: Many are self-pollinating, however some hybrids (e.g. Minnesota78) have non-viable pollen and require a pollinator for fruit production. 5. HONEYBERRY: Require cross pollination by another cultivar or by Sweetberry Honeysuckle. 6. RASPBERRY: Self pollinating; only one variety required for fruit production. 7. SASKATOON: Self pollinating; only one variety required for fruit production 8. STRAWBERRY: Self pollinating; only one variety required for fruit production.

HARVESTING FRUIT Colour, firmness and flavour are useful indicators to determine when fruit are ready to pick. To determine when apples are ripe, look for the following: (1) green portions of the skin start to turn yellow; (2) seed coats turn brown; (3) flesh changes from tough and pulpy to crisp and juicy; and (4) fruit stem separates from the tree. Pears should be picked when still firm and somewhat green in colour. If left to tree-ripen, they may turn brown and soft. Plums and apricots may be left on the tree until ready to eat.

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CANADIAN ARTISTS ROSE


2012 Northern Garden Reference Guide